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BC Historical Newspapers

The Tribune 1893-12-14

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 Presents an Unequalled  Field for the Developer  of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,   Silver,  Copper,  Lead, and  Zinc, as Well as for  the  Investor in  Producing Mines.  Already Completed or Under Construction and  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make   the  Mining   Camps   and   Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the   Year   Round.  SI.COM)   YtiAR.-XO. i.  NKLSON,   BRITISH.   COLUMBIA, THURSDAY,  D.EC.LMBLR   14,   181)3  02STB   DOLLAR   A  YEAR.  NELSON FE3PLS WANT HOME BALE.  THEY PAY THE   PIPER AND WOULD  LIKE  THE   CHANCE   TO    DANCE.  Loading- Business Men and Property Owners  Express Opinions---A Large Majority-  Favors Incorporation.  Whether Lo incorporate of noL Lo incorporate is llio burning question a L Nolson.  The time has arrived wlion Lhe people of  Nolson should have passable streets iintl  sidewalks, a good system of sewerage, and  un adeqaLe wator.*upply i'or fire purposes.  These iniprovtsnienls oa.niioL be had as  long as llio purse-strings are hold by lhe  provincial government, and Lhe railroad  company. T. 10 railroad company, very  naturally, is noL disposed lo expend more  money al Nelson than il would have lo  pay in Laxes if its properly was assessable, and Lhe 'provincial government  would be deafened hy the howl llial would  go up lVom oLlior section, of West Ivool-  eiifiy if any largo expendiliu es were made  al N0I.011 for lown improve!nonls.  .Vs a mailer  of   fact.   Nelson   will  con-  t ribulo this year over $.100') to the provincial Ireasury. of which loss limn $2000 will  ho rel.ni'iit'd in the way of appropriations  lhal should be charged against the lown  ilsoll.    Apart from tin.1.appropriations for  the maintenance of the public school and  the one  for llie  lire   department (about  .1.100 in all), less  than ...100 has been expended  this year on streets in  the Lown  or on   roads leading from  the town.    Of  course people in other portions of the district will say. "Why. thousand, of dollars  were expended ou your new court-house  and thousands more appropriated for the  maintenance of (he hospital and for llie  payment ol" the salaries of officials who  liveal Nolson."    But the new court-house  was built no   more for the people of Nelson than for the people of the en ire district, and if Nelson   was incorporated tomorrow   c\ery   oflicial   now   drawing   a  salary hero would still he maintained  in  oilice at provincial expense.    So with the  hospital: it is a district, not a local institution.  That t lie expense of government would  be greater under incorporation is not disputed: but the average man is never unwilling to pay the piper if In: has a chance  to dance. As it is now. the Nelson man  pays t he piper and i. noiallowed todance.  Tli_ Tiiilii'M'* has been at some trouble  to gel the following expressions of opinion  from men who cannot, be accused of being  lacking in cither "brains"' or public spirit:  I believe we can manage our own affaiis  belter than the government can for ns,  therefore I favor incorporation. We have  been paying thousands of dollars in taxes  and getting onlya few dollars back in the  way of expenditures for street improvements; and what makes it more galling.  we get the few dollars so grudgingly that  it seems if we wore poor devils to whom  charity was being dispensed.  .A. II. Ci.k.mk.nts. hotelkeeper: I favor  incorporation. If the assessment roll  means anything, it means that next year  we will pay a whole lot of money into tho  piovincial treasury, for which, judging  by the past, we will get little benefit,  liven if ii does cost more under incorporation than under the present system, the  men who pay the increased taxation will  not grumble, for thoy will see to it that  the money is spent in a way tluit will benelit. th _ <town.  John Joiin.sox, holclkeopor: "Well. I  would like to know something about the  matter before I answer your question.  According to the statements made in TilK  Ti'iHi'.vi'" last summer, incorporation  would boa detriment instead of a benelit:  but the other day I heard something that  makes mo believe that incorporation  would be a good thing. Therefore, you  ca.n put mo down as being in favor of in-  corpora.tion. Anyway, 1 am against the  present government.  A. A. Maui... hotelkeeper: I favor incorporation for the reason that we now  pay for something that we do not get.  tliat is, police protection. If a policeman  is wanted one can only be found down at  the   government    buildings,    neither   of  HAD   IT   SI3BD   UP   ARIGHT.  (I. W. IiIciiai .)sn.v. real estate: L'udo-  cided.  R. K. Lk.vo.v. merchant: I favor in-  coporal ion.  .Ja.mks 1'awso.v. hotelkeeper: 1 think  the town would ho as well the way it is  I'or another year or so.  .J. F. RiTcim-:. surveyor: I favor incorporation, and I will try and get my friend  Richardson to the same way of thinking.  John II. .Mat ii.so.v. barber: Our present government is not at. all satisfactory,  and I will sign the petition praying for  incorporation.  Ja.mks A. Gii.k _u. merchant: I am opposed to incorporation, for I really think  we a re better the way we are. Kaslo has  not been benefitted by incorporation, has  it?      .    .   . .  Dvscas M(.'l)oxAt.i). carpenter and  builder: 1 have not given the question  any thought, but if by incorporation we  can govern ourselves without increasing  taxation I favor it.  Chaki.k.s Vax Nks,., hotelkeeper: The  only reason I fa vor incorporation is that  we would, if incorporated, have police  protection, or know the reason why. A.s  it is now we have no such protection and  we can't find out why we haven't.  "Thomas _1ai>!)_.\'. hotelkeeper: I favor  incorporation, foi'then we might be able  to get'sowers and other improvements  that we need, and which we cannot get  now. or if we do get them they arc so  poorly built that thoy arc as good as none.  Joii'x Avto.v C'lliso.v, druggist: Cot incorporated, hy all means, if for no other  reason than I'or the privilege of being our  own bosses. The men who boss us under  the present; status are not in sympathy  with either the people or a government of  the neople.  Dr. F. C. AlfTilt'U: Last winter I at first  opposed incorporation, but after attending the meetings called to discuss the  question I came to the conclusion that it  would be the best thing I'or the town, and  since then I have had no reason to change  my mind. I will do what, I can to bring  incorporation about.  Joll.v A. TfltxKit, bookkeeper: I am  strongly in favor of incorporation, mainly  for the reason that the men who manage  our local affairs are not iu touch with llie  people of the town. Another reason is  that needed street improvements are now  made at the expense of the few. and not  at the expense of all tin; property-owners.  \V. I . Tkkt/.ki.. druggist: I certainly  favor incorporation,  j >aid  and i  the benefit of our own money, but we  could make non-resident property owners  contribute soinet hing towards ma king improvements the cost of which is now borne  entirely by residents.  KnwAiio Aim ..ktiiwaitk. insiiraiiceand  financial agent: If incorporation is the  only way by which the town can manage  its own affairs. I think wo should have it;  but whether it would bo a good thing  financially.. I hardly know. "Vernon is  said Lo be in a bad hole, and it would not  be a good thing to get Nelson in a like  sil un I ion. If the majority favor incorporation, I will not stand in the way.  Gkoiujk AnTiil'��!{  Bi<;i;i.nv, merchant:  The money that is  now in taxes is expended elsewhere,  f incorporated we would nolonlyget  the  two   over  appearing   except'   when  la. ing mail to or from the postoffice. The  improvements, too. that are made are not  such as would be made if the people of  the town controlled their own a Hairs;  thoy are made too often with the apparent; object of benefiting the railroad company's vacant lots, and not the town at  largo.  \V. .L Wilson, meat market owner: I  am in fa vor of incorporation, for at present a. few of us have to pay more than  our share of tho expenses incident to  keeping things running. As an instance:  I am one of a committee Lhat is expected to go around aud solicit money to  pay for the new hos .-cart and hose at tho  depot. It i.s a disagreeable job, as I know  that money can only be got from the few  who have paid nine-tenths of tho money  that litis boon raised heretofore for like  purpose--. If incorporated such expenses  would be paid "out of money raised by  taxation.  Mauoi.I) K_i,<��{.-_. real estate: That I  favored incorporation last winter i.s evidenced by the fact that I went to tho  trouble and expense of registering my  property; that I favor it now is a question. From all reports, the small towns  Lhat secured incorporation this summer  wish they hadn't, and one or two of them  are making a moss of their affairs. Nolson  is not in a good position���not in a.s good a  position as Kaslo even���to incorporate,  as more than one-hall' of the real estate  within the proposed boundaries of the  "city" is not taxable, being owned bv the  crown and the railroad conipany. It is  doubtful even if we were incorporated  that there would not be just as much  jangling as at present, for, taking the  board of directors of the hospital as a  sample, it seems impossible to get  seven or eight men together at one time,  and if they do.get together they are never  able to agree on anything feasible. The  expense of running a city government  would eat up four-fifths of the expected  revenue, and the other one-lifth would  not go far in making the improvements  that we now imagine we should have. I  would favor incorporation, say in IS!)., but  even now! would not stand in the way if  the remainder of my fellow-citizens want  it real bad.  To tiik I_niToi{ of Tti_ Tuiur.vi'*: Your  telephone message received on the eve of  my going on a. hunting trip that will last  several days, and I cannot give the question the attention that it deserves, but  the more I think about incorporation, the  more firmly I am impressed with the idea.  To my mind the only question is the election of the right kind of officers, officers  that will keep within their means, and  for the first few years go careful. As  everyone i.s aware, the first years are the  trying ones to incorporated cities, for  largo expenditures must be made on  streets, sidewalks, and sewers, and for  town buildings, lights, etc. Without  being able to verify the figures, I understand over $7)000 will lie collected this  year from the town of Nelson in taxes  and licenses, and what has the town got  in return? A large amount of property  i.s held by non-residents, who are very  careful to make no expenditures that will  help the town along, but. instead, tire very  willing to let resident property-owners  bear the bunion, doubtless saying to themselves, "what fools those mortals in Nelson be." There is not a business man in  Nelson who does not pay out each year  for town improvements five times the  amount of the taxes assessed against him.  If incorporated, I cannot see why our  taxes should be so, much greater than at  present, and the money collected would  be spent in Nelson and not sent to Victoria, there to be used in  building' a .('(>(),-  000 palace for government officials. As a  large property-owner I am glad that a  move is being made in- this incorporation  matter, and 1 will assist in every way I  can   to help the good work along.    Today  1 was notified that our insurance rales  would he raised at once from $8.07) to$1.7...  There is a large amount of insurance  money sent from Nelson each year, which  if invested in first-class water-works  might tend to reduce the outrageously  high rates i'or insurance.  December Nth. A.  Fj<_i> Hi;mk.  The Canadian Pacific Again Asking for Favors  From the Government.  Tiik Titnu;xio  was  tho   only  paper  in  the country that sized up the Winnipeg  election aright.; itsiged it up as directly  the result of the action of the managers  of the  Canadian    Pacific   Railway   Com-  pa.ny.    who   were   after   something   and  wanted   to show the Thompson   government what was in store I'or il if the want  was not granted.    The report now comes  from  Ottawa that the Canadian  Pacific  railway   is    approaching   the   Dominion  government with   a  view   of getting an  act put through  parliament next session  guaranteeing debenture stock of the company Lo the extent of $1 .,000.000 at -I  per  cent.    A   political   friend  of the government,  and  one   well   posted   in  railway  circles, stated that a move has been made  iu tliat direction.    The matter has not so  far been laid before tho cabinrl. butsome  of   the   ministers 'are  sa '..   to have  been  made acquainted   with Lhe desires of the  Canadian Pacific.    It wiil be remembered  thatan act was passed last session of parliament authorizing the company to issue  preferred stock to the extent of one-half  of  its ordinary   stock.   This practically  gave the compauv power to issue and sell  $..2..()(",<)()0 of preferred stock,  as its outstanding shares amounted  Lo  .(>..(_)().(__).  This power wa.s given Lhe company by its  original  charter, but was suspended   by  an  act subsequently  passed authorizing  the government to loan the company $30,-  000,000 to prevent the company from creating a lien on its road, which would ta.kc  precedence of the mortgage taken by l he  government lo secure its loan.    It i.s now  stated   that   the company   is.   therefore,  said to be iu want of money, and if the  government should consent to guarantee  their bonds  Lo  the extent  of $lo,G()(),000  there would be no difficulty in disposing  of the   preferred   stock   and   enough   of  capital would in this way be obtained Lo  meet the necessary payment of dividends  and otlier urgent obligations.  Freight Rates.  The Northern Pacific has made the following rates on freight from Winnipeg to  Nelson: Carload lots ��� first class. $_...(';  second class. $2.27; third class. $2.17:  fourth class, $1.1)1. I'Vom Spokane to Nelson the Nelson and Port Sheppard rates  are likely to bo as follows: Loss than carload lot.-���firstclass, 00 cents: second c.is...  (il cents: third class..31 cents: fourth class.  $7)7) cents. Carload lots���fifth class. :"i()  cents: class A. .10 cents: class B.-I.S cents:  class C.-11 cents: class I), o0 cents; class  F. -J3 cents. Western classification Lo  govern. Tho Northern I'acific. in connection with the Spokane-Northern. Nolson  6c Fort Sheppard. and Columbia & I.oote-  nav Steam Navigation Company, has  made a .-dollar-a-lon rale on ore from  Kaslo to Taeoma or Seattle.  A   PROPOSED   RAILWAY.  A Telegraphic Connection That is "Poorly."  The annual ball and banquet of the St.  Andrew's Society of .Montreal, on the  night of November 30th, was a swell affair, the governor-general and lady Aberdeen being present. Among the fraternal  greetings received was one from Nelson,  which read : "Our first direct telegraphic  connection with Canadian Pacific system  completed today, anil friends in south  Kootenay greet their brother Scots iu  Montreal, and wish them a bonny time  the tiicht. The duels here drink your  healths in memory of Auld Scotia.'" The  transmission of that message was too  much for the "direct telegraphic-connection," for tiie connection has been "poorly"  ever since.   The Number One Concentrator.  Wallace (Idaho) .Minor. 0th : " Wednesday morning Otto Abeling of Burke left  for Ainsworth, British Columbia-, whore  he has an engagement to superintend the  construction of a .10-ton concentrator on  the Number One mine near that place.  .Mr. Abeling- erected the first concentrator  on Canyon .creek that of the Tiger and  he has been mill superintendent there  almost continuously since. He will now  have tin." honor of putting up the first, ore-  dressing mill iu the Kootenay country.  There' were no fewer than eight applicants  I'or this position, and the selection of .Mr.  Abeling is proof of the estimation in  whicli his services are held. It is intended  to have the mill completed in sixty days."  What a Farce.  What a farce wa.s all the doings and  sayings of the Winnipeg politicians regarding the charges made of corrupt practices at the polls during llic recent election in that cily. Chamberlain, the man  arrested for personation, was released  on bonds of $2.10 and has skipped across  the line to North Dakota. The libel suit,  commenced hy ineinber-of-parliaiiient  Boss against editor Bichardson has been  dismissed, and the politicians are happy  ami will at the first chance be guilty of  like corrupt practices--practices thai are  rapidly making popoular government a  screaming farce.  A Postoilice at the Boundary Line.  According to  the   Bonner's Kerry Herald, a postoffice has  been established  at  Lhe boundary lint!, within a stone's throw  of I.ykerl's custom-house, by the I'nitrd  Stales postoffice department. The post-  office is named "Ockonook," which the  Herald characterizes as heathenish and  savage when a tony and dignified name  could have so easily been selected. That  democratic war-horse, major J. I. Barnes,  has been appointed poslniasler.  A Canadian Pacific Engineej- Talks of the  Crow's Nest Pass.  Hugh 1). Linnsden of Toronto, who has  had charge of one of the Canadian Pacific  parties .surveying for the Crow's Nest  Pass railroad, has returned lo .Montreal,  his work' for this season being completed.  .Mr. Linnsden is a distinguished railway  engineer in the service of the Canadian  Pacific in the Northwest, and during the  present year,/1 as been chief engineer on  constructioY. ��� ./ lhe Soo Pacific from Moose  Jaw to the I"nilod States boundary.    rJ'he  object of the Crow's Nest pass survey, he  said, is to find a satisfactory line from (he  Crow's Nest pass weslwar ri   through  lhe  Kootenay   silver mining country   Lo lhe  main line of the Canadian Pacific at some  point west of the Hookies.   The Canadian  Pacific now controls  what wa.s popularly  known a.s the (Jalt railway, running from  Duumore to the coal mining town of Lethbridge; it also owns  the  lino extending  from   Calgary   to   . Iacleod,   wliich   runs  about a.s far to the southward a.s the Call  road.      In    British    Columbia   it    has   a  water    and   rail   route   extending    from  Hevelstoke   Lo   Nolson:   and   other   mineral    roads    running    south     from    the  main   line  are   projected.    The   proposed  new  line through the mountains by  the  Crow's Nest pass will  leave the main line  at J)iinniore: follow the Gall line to Loth-  bridge: cross lhe conn try from Lethbridge  to .Madeod, a link of about twenty miles  to bo here built: enter the mountains to  the Crow's Nest pass,  and   roach   Nelson  and otlier British Columbia points by the  most available route.    The development  ol the silver region of British  Columbia  under  the   proposed    now   tariff   in   the  I'nited   States,   which   admits Canadian  galena     ore     free     of   duty,    will,     no  doubt, be very groat: and as the  United  Suites   lines   into  British   Columbia   are  already   bidding  for this mineral  traffic,  the Canadian Pacific may be expected  to  "get a   hustle on" and proceed   with  ils  Crows NesL pass road as early as possible  in the spring.    Some thirty or forty miles  of the road between .Macleod and tiie pass  are already graded.    The snows in early  November brought the work of the surveying parties in the Koolenay  country  to a sland-slill, and Air.  Lumsden states  that they wore then withdrawn i'or  the  winter.    With the securing of the Crow's  Nest pass the Canadian  Pacilic has practically    got    control    of   all   the   passes  through   the  Rocky  mountains in  Canadian territory: as Lhe northern terminus  of    the   Calgary   ��_    Fdmonlon   railway,  whicli they are operating, is opposite to  and  controls  (he   Veliowhoad   pass,   the  only available  pass   LhaL  is noL already  occupied.  Another "Expert" School.  The Victoria Colonist says: "The School  of Mining. Ialoiy established in Kingston.  Ontaria. is likely Lo prove a most useful  institution. When it was found that Ontario possessed valuable mineral resources  it was considered wise to have a number  of tho young men of the province educated  in such a way that they would know how-  to make those resources available. The  School of .Mining was established to e fleet  that purpose, This school gives the degree of -M. F. Its course of lectures commences, on the 0th of January. The  student who attends those lectures will  obtain instruction in chemistry, mineralogy, geology, lithology. the discovery  and mining of ores, blow-pipe ana'ysis,  assaying, and the rudiments of mechanical drawing. It is easy to see how  valuable such a course of instruction will  be to any bright, intelligent young man  who wishes to go into mining as ;i business. The fees for the course are small,  being only $10: there are also minor fees  I'or the use of laboratories, etc., but thoy  will not exceed eight dollars in,all. We  do not knuw whether or not the Ontario  School of.Mines i.s open Lo students from  otlier provinces, but if it is. it- affords  British Columbians an opportunity of  getting a. knowledge of milling and minerals that will be invaluable. Such a  school should be established in this province ns soon ns possible;, bill, iu the meantime, intending miners should, if it is possible, avail themselves of advantages  olTered by t he Ontario institution." | Instead,-in ten ding miners should lirst of all  seek work in a mine lor a year or two:  (hen if the work agree- wilh I hem and  they are adapted I'or I he trade of mining,  a course at a mining school will not be  hurtful. Otherwise, the young men who  attend (Ik; "School of .Mining" at Kingston will graduate; with thai knowledge  which makes them so helpless when anything practical is required of I hem. There; <  are too many "experts" in the milling bus- j  iness now.     Kuitoh Titli't'NK. | j  yourself?   The following are the figures  by settlements:    Cache Creek, 007: Douglas  Lake, 303:   Grand   Prairie, ''20: Hope,  771:   Kamloops.   1.127:   Lower   Kootenay.  1220: Upper Kootenay, 218.1; Lytton. I33S:  Nicola. 7.2: Okanagan .Mission, 3IS: Osoy-  oos. 711;   Priests' Valley. 730:   Princeton.  220; Spallunieheen, 1312; S pel ice's Bridge,  307:  *i ale. 3S2.    Thus fifteen^separate settlements are mentioned iu Vale aud not a  single one in  Kootenay. for "upper" and  ���"lower" are not recognized as distinctive  names for settlements iu  Kootenay.    Tho  settlements in   Vale   have  a  population  of 10.2.10 and Kootenay is given a population of 310.1.   This was in hSOI.   The population  of Kootenay  now  approximates  sooo. [   ANOTHER   STEAMBOAT   WRECKED.  The   Steam   Tug   Kaslo   Driven   Ashore   Near  the Town  of ICaslo.  The steam  tug  Kaslo  was wrecked at.  Kaslo on Tuesday forenoon during a storm.  The tug had been eiigaged to tow a barge-  load of horses up to Lardo, and  a start  was made about 10 o'clock with the barge  lashed alongside.    When out a short distance it was found that the tug could not  be handled, anil   the  barge  was dropped  astern.    Before  going   I'ar, however,   the  tow line parted, and the barge wa.s being  rapidly   driven   ashore    by    the    waves.  Then an attempt was made to get another  lino to the barge, but before it could  be  done  the  parted   line got caught on the  propeller, and was wound round so rapidly  that steam had  to be shut off.    By this  time both tug and barge wore dangerously  near   the   rocks   at   Lhe   sampling-works  point.      As     the     wind     was     blowing  from    the   south,   an   effort   was    made  to   pole   the   tug   around   to   the   north  of   the   point,   but   the  effort   ended   in  failure ami the lug went on the rocks.   In  the afternoon the steamer Nelson offered  to tow her off, but the tug's owners were  fearful   that she  would sink as they believed   the   hull  had   been stove in.    The  storm continued all that day and the next  night, and  now it is thought the lug is a  total   loss, as  her smokestack and pilothouse have both disappeared.   The Kaslo  wa.s owned by J. K. Buchanan and Robert  Vuill. who were both aboard at the time  she was wrecked.    She  was built iu   1802  at a  cost of $S0()().   the machinery being  from   tho  John   Doty   works in Toronto.  The storm is said to have been one of the  worst ever witnessed on Kootenav lake.  MINING  OPERATIONS  IN   SLOCAN.  THE  OUTPUT  THAN  OF  ORE IS  EVER BEFORE.  LARGER  The Nelson & Fort Sheppard.  Ceorge A. Keofer. one of the best knowu  engineers in lhe province, has been appointed by the provincial government to  inspect the Nolson ��... Fort Sheppard railway, and is now out on the line. If his  report is a favorable one, train service i.s  likely to begin on Tuesday, the 10th. and  if it begins then trains will leave Spokane  for Nelson al 7a. m. on Tuesdays and Fri-  days. and leave Nelson for Spokane at 7  a. m. on Wednesdays and Saturdays.  The rates on freight are not given out as  yet. but it is understood the rates will be  .1 cents a hundred less than the present  rates on all classes. Tho road will do a  paying business from the start, as travel  has always boon good between lake points  and Spokane, anil the indications are that  -.the tonnage of ore from the mines in Slocan, Ainsworth, and Nelson districts "will  be well up in the thousands during the  winter. The inward freight, Loo,Will he  large, as few 'merchants carry enough  goods to last until navigation opens iu Lhe.  spring.   A Movement That Has Something- in it.  .Mr. Fdiiuind I.. Sheppard. the clever  editor of the Toronto Saturday Night,  thus lofers to the late 'Winnipeg election:  The election of " Fighting Joe .Martin" iu  'Winnipeg is the most conspicuous Cirit  triumph that has boon achieved since  Alexander .Mackenzie was premier. It  means that the Protestant-Tariff Reform  movement has something in it. It means  that, the men in the dominion cabinet are  not liked and their methods are unpopular. It means a Crit delegation from  the West, at the next dominion election,  headed by t he strongest, lieutenant, thai  Laurier could have. It moans lhat .Meredith having been kept out of place in the  dominion government, thai Ontario Protest,'in ism will be in revolt. It means i hat  sir John Thompson's idea of dilly-dallying  with lieutenant.-governorships is a mistake, and coupled wilh lhe .Mod'roovy-  Coiinolly convictions, that there is a  popular notion that the government,  more or less, should be in jail.  Will  Not bo  Ready  on Time.  i neon ver        No ws-A d vorliser.  The Population oi' Yale-Kootenay District.  Volume II. of the Cell, us of Canada is to  hand from the government printer. So  far as Kootenav is concerned, the information given is meagre,  of the province is given  t riots, " Vale" being croi  The settlemeiils iu Vah  their population given:  "Laeey  R.  the I'aeilh  cilie.   who  neiseo. report  St 11  o  r;  Tin; popula! ion  bv electoral dished with l.'l.tk'il.  arc named and  bill  Ilu; popula-  JoIiiisom. master mechanic  division of the Canadian Pa-  has just returned from San  that it will be impos-  ibio lo have llie .M id-Winter Fair in readiness by January 1st. the date fixed I'or  the opening. None of the buildings are  vol near completion, and owing to the  rainy weather, the work has been greatly  retarded. .As yet scarce"  hihils have been receive!  Every Available Team at Work ���A Mine  Changes Hand, at a Good Figure���Work  Progressing on a Dozen   Properties.  lOvery available  team  is now  engaged  in hauling ore from the mines in Sloca'n  district,  and  by New   Vears (he   output  landed at the wharf at Kaslo or at the ore-  sheds at Throe Forks will aggregate thirty  tons a day.   There are now twenty-three  regular freight teams on the road between  Three   Forks   and   Kaslo.      George    W.  Hughes is hauling (Jleoutpulof tiieldaho,  the Mountain Chief, and   the Noble Five  group,    lie  is also making a trail to the  Surprise,   the claim that  was purchased  last week   by   l_.   W.   Ferguson   of   Chicago for  ,00.000.  half spot   cash.   There  are over 1.10 tons of ore sacked at the Sur-  nriso, and Jlughcs  has  the contract   to  haul it to Kaslo.    The Surprise i.s adjacent  Lo the Noble Five group, and was located  iu  July.  1802.     A  man  named  Jennings  and Thomas AlcCuigan were the owners.  Hugh .Mann has a contract for hauling.100  tons (and as much  more as ho can haul)  from   (ho Slocan Star to the ore-shed at  Three Forks.    Gilliam ��_; Pound are raw-  hiding ore from  the Washington   to the  road, where it is forwarded to Kaslo by a  teamster named . liichell.  The following mines are being worked:  Freddie Lee, Slocan Star. Fureka, Noonday. Rico. Surprise. Washington.' Bonanza King. World's Fair. Sapphire, Alamo. Idaho. .Mountain Chief. Dardanelles,  and Northern Jielle. Wtaic was suspended  on the Wellington this week, superintendent Watts and foreman Robb both  leaving for the east. Tenders are being  asked I'or a 200-foot tunnel on the Alpha,  one of the Grady group. Kvorylhing  considered, the outlook is good for a large  output of ore from Slocan mines this  winter.  The Credit of the Province.  Thearlicle on lhe Nakusp ��._-Slocan railway which appeared in Tiik Tiuuun. of  November 2.rd undoubtedly contained  statements displeasing to both the promoters of the railway conipany and the  members of the government. The promoters of the railway have the ear of the  Vancouver World, ami that paper calls-  Tun Tmi:r.vI-: bad names . for daring to  even insinuate that the men who are  building the road are in a fair way to  dean up .:!(KJ.000 on the job. The members of the government have the ear of  the Victoria Colonist, and that old but refined newspaper sits down on Tiik Tki-  iit'.VK for daring fo print ������coarse'" libels  on the premier. If (he premier considers  himself libeled, he has his remedy at law.  but all the refined "twaddle" The*Colonist  can print will not refute the statement  that tho prolit of building the Nakusp ct  Slocan will bo in the neighborhood of  .:_).,<)(_), and that the profit will bo divided  among a few spoilsmen who support the  'present provincial -government. ��������� If Tiik  Tkii*L'.vk'.S statement has injured the  credit of the province, so much the better,  I'or then the credit of the province' will  not be used for floating bonds to build the  British Pacific railway, Lhe Cariboo railway, and the many otlier railways in  which-friends of the government are interested as promoters. TJie credit of the  province i.s already strained almost to the  breaking point.  Steamboat News.  If the Nalson 6c Fort Sheppard train  service begins on Tuesday the steamer  Columbia will bo Lied up.at Robson. if  she can bo got over lhe  if she can't, she will hi  port.     The   Lytton   is  sheathed with iron. On her last trip  down she brought two carloads of freight  I'or Nakusp and some for Nelson and lake  points. When sheathed, wliich will be  by .Monday or Tuesday, she will start up  river again, and it is expected lhal on her  first down trip she will bring all the  freight consigned to lake points. She will  be kepi in commission until all tin.' Inland  Development ��V Const ruction Company's  freight is brought down. The ice-jam at  "I he wigwam" has been so weak that it  wa* considered dangerous to cross teams  over it. hut the frost of the Inst throe or  four nights has made it safe again, and  from this time on there will be no delay  iu forwarding freight so that the Lytton  can handle il.  Kootenay rapids:  tied up at North-  at  Robson   being  ly anv of I he ex-  lion of Kootenay is simply apportioned  so many to "bower Koolcnuy" and so  ninny Lo "('pper Kootenay." Accordingly,  no approximate guess can oven he given  of the population of the different, sol I le-  ineiits in Fast and West Kootenay. This  is in keeping with lhe way in which Koolenay was treated at the last general election. While each settlement in Vale was  given a polling place. Kooteiiay was given  hut two polling places in all. John  Andrew Mara, arc  vou   not ashamed   of  Only Two in Our Midst.  The civil service list of Canada I'or the  year IN!):'contain* the names of only two  ollieials stationed in soul hern Kootenay.  namely. Richard I .inidell. deputy collector inland revenue. Class I{. at. a salary  of . IKX) a yen r. a nd < Jeorge Johi|s| one. siih-  collccl.orof customs, at ;i salary of ..1200.  The postoffice address of .Mr. I 'lundell is  given a.* "Vancouver, li. ('.."and of .Mr.  Johnstone as "Kuiersoii. .Manitoba." Both  officials live in and do business at "Nelson, B. ('."  Should Do as Their Canadian Sisters Do.  Iii referring to the unhappy lives led by  Anicrican girls who marry titled foreigners. theSr.lt Lake Tribune says: "It is a  pitiful thing to see a young life wrecked  that way. but. it ought to bo a lesson Lo  American girl* I.o keep in mind that when  a tilled foreigner wants to make one of  theiii his wife, the motive down deep is  not once in twenty times an honorable  one. and the chances are that a marriage  of that kind will always end unhappily.  Nellie Grant, gave herself away to a big  Knglish loafer, who never did' but one  graceful act in his life, and that was Iodic  last, year, and the list of American girls  who have ma rried til led foreigners is very  nearly an index to so many unhappy lives  through such marriages." One never hears  of Canadian girls leading unhappy lives  after marriage, for they have the good  sense to take for husbands only natives of  Canada or of t he great Republic.  %���  ��  : _*'.:  *��  ywmmmmmmmmmmmmm&mmw  ___!_____JIH___t____��^^ 2  THE:.TfelBUlNTE:'MLS01f;'.B;C^ THURSDAY,   I) KCHMBNtt . U;  1893.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  ���THE TIUB l* XK is published on Thursday. . by John  Hocstox & Co., aiid will be; mail. 1 in siibsonl.ior.-i  on paymenLpf O.t: Dollar a.year. ,\'u subscription  taken for loss thana veal*.  K_.UI.iAlt   ADV_|;TIS_M_XTS   printed at - 'the'  following  rales:    One. iiu'b,   __!--u .year;' two, inches, ���  SOO  a  year;   three   inches   .SI a year: four' inches,  ..".   .  il year;   live inches. ��105 a 'your':, six inches and  over. at. the ral.o of S\.C>D an inch perninnlh.  TRANS1KNT  AD-VIOIi'l'IS,. KMKNTS 20 cents ii line for  tirsl insertion and 10conls a line for each' additionul  ". ���  insertion.    Birth. '. iimrriiigc, and  death  nol iocs free.  LOCAL OH UKADING MATTKIt X.TICKS .00 cents a  line each insertion.     '.   . '  JOB I .tlXTIXti at fair rates.. All -accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the lirst of  every month: subscription, in advance.  ADDHI0..S all ��� coiiimiinicalions to  -j -TIIK THIHUNI .'Nelson,, If. ('.  TRAVELERS'  GUIDE.  S'l'KA.MKi:  NKLSON.  Sunday- -Leave-. N'ol-im :d i> p. in. for Ka-lo.  .Monday-    Lome- Kn   .o al  I .i. in. for Boi,ncr's Kerry.  Tile-day��� triivi* Buiiiii'i's Kerry id  I a. in. for (._���.��>.  Wcdne-day- L".'ive- Ka-lo ill '.la. in. for NYl-on ; reluming. Icuic- Nel-on al Up. in. I'or Kn-Io.  Thnr-dny.-    Leaver Ka-lo at  I a. in. for Homier'-. Im it}.  Friday* -Lea vis IIuiiimt'- Kerry a I I a. iu, fur Vol on,"  Sid urilnv- I .caw-, Nel-on at !' a. in. fur Kit .u; ivl liming, leave- Ka-lo ,tl A p. in. for Nel-on.  STKAM I'li   AINSWOHTII.  Leaves Xelson  for Balfour, l.'ilol   Bay. Ainsworth. iind  Kiislo en .Mondays, Wednesdays, and .Fridays,  ul  !l  a. in.  Leaves  Kaslo  for Alii.swiirl.lt,   l'ilot   Bay.  Balfour,  and  Nel-on on Tuc-day-, 'riiur-dii}-, anil . .tlurd.i}-. ill !)  a. in.  STKAM FK   IirXTKit.  Leaves New Denver for bead of Slocah lake iind for Silverton daily, except Sunday.  Leaves head of Sleean lake for New Den verand Silvei'tiin  daily, except Sunday, at, a p. in.  STACK   LINKS.  Stages leave ICa .o I'or Bell's, Wul-on,  Bear Luke Cily.  Three Fork-, and Xew Denver daily, except Sitnday,  at S a. in.  Stages leiivo Xew  Denver for Three Forks, Bear Lake  City, "A'ul*on. Bell' . and Kaslo diiily, except Suinlay.  at S a. in.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  D.  LaBAU.  M.D.���I'liy*iciiin and  Surgeon.    dooms ."  and   1   Houston   block,   Xul_>n.    Telephone   I  .  Lil. HABBISON, B. A.���Hnrri.-'lor iinil AUorne\ at  ��� Law (of ihe province of New Brunswiel .. Conveyancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking Allidavii-  for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc. Oflice���-  Second floor, Scott building, Josephine St., Nelson, B. C.  <_S*'  (_.r  TH U RSDAV MOBNINU.  dkck'.muki; ii. ism  "co ni]_-i,iiic. arc owned hy the same men.  The fin are will disclose whether or not  legislation will he passed making the province liahle for the principal of I he bonds,  (.no thing, however, is beyond dispute,  that is. that the manager of lhe Inland  Development��_ Construe!ion Company is  ���'entirely astray'" when he calls on The  World lo give his company "a character"  I'or honesty of purpose, I'or The World is  no I; above suspicion itself.  Tin-: Tiiinr.v_ litis no other animus,  in referring to the cost of building the  Xaknsp iV. Sloean railway than lo a timet  attention toone fact, thai is. the readiness with which the province lends its  credit to interests closely allied to the  Canadian Pacilic railway, and il* unwillingness to extend like favors to interest..*  antagonistic to the ('. P. IL. hut which  arc doing equally as much to develop llio  re-ourcos of the province. Tin-: TiiincXK  cares nothing,as Lo Lhe prolits or losses of  any set of contractors, or whether they bo  residents of Vancouver or of Timbucloo.  Nor has ilany animus regarding premier  Davie, other than the desire lo see him  administer the government in the interest  of the whole people and not in Llio interest  Of the iew spoilsmen. It would rather  see him tit the head of the government  than a man like the chief owner of the  Vancouver World, for instance.  SUB-CONTRACTING.  ���ENTIRELY   ASTRAY."  Tu.   N|.;i.son Tkiucnk of November 2,'ird contains an  article  which   is  in   ninny   respects   misleading.     The  motive of as well as the animus displayed hy the paper  in 'question can easily  be 'divined.-I. it. if is difficult lo  understand how it publishes asa stateinontof truth what  is the very reverse.    ICtlte writer drew upon his own imagination then it must be extremely fertile: if upon information supplied  by disappointed contractors  or  other  hore-heads. then the stuffing process was freely indulged'  in.   The government in tho first place .is iioflmilding the  road.   All that if is doing is to carry out the views of the  legislature, which wore to the oU'eet that the province  would, on conditions sp.cilied m the Act. guarantee the  interest on the debentures or bonds of the line, at the rate  of l per cent per annum unto but not to exceed the sum  of Si .000 per mile,  whicli  was to .construct, equip and  main tain the road for the term of twenty-live years.   The  dominion government, prior to the passage of the provincial Act, had agreed to extend  the statutory subsidy of  ��.'1200 per mile to tho Nakusp & Slocan railway, and before a solitary cent is  paid'over, the road, as regards  grades,   curve's,   alignments, and general .'construction,,  must comply witli the tonus and conditions of the dominion Railway Act.   The provincialgovernnieiil having  guaranteed the bonds, as already stilled, and in order to  protect the public interests in the matter, has for a cime,  so we understand, been  assigned all and every interest  wliich the Xaknsp & Sloean Kail way Company may have  in the federal subsidy, which  will   bo surrendered  when  the line is completed.   This is the only financing llie gov-'  eminent i.s doing for the undertaking,  wliich is to be of  .such immense importance, not. only to Kootenay, but to  the whole province.   The Xaknsp _ Slocan road is being  built upon generally the siiine lines as was the (.inswap  &    Okanogan,   iind   leased    to   the   Canadian    Pacilic  Railway     Conipany  . for    a     term    of     years     upon  terms identically   the same.   Till-: Timhcnk's greatest  blunder,   however,   is   in    the   paragraph    relating   lo  the cost of construct ion.    It will bo observed that the  .limit of the government's'guarantee is ifA'i.lli.   per mile.  The preliminaries, having been arranged  I'or making it  start, tenders were advertised for and  ninny responses  made thereto.    If we mistake not, lhe lowest bid was accepted.    It was that of the Inland Development & Con-'  struclion  Coini any,  I'or  which   D. McCillivray is manager, and under wbose superintendence the work is now  being prosecuted.    The   price   will   not approach  that  named bv our contemporary . -.''.liUO'per mile) hy at least  So'OO. ut least so we are informed by parties who are in a  position lo know whereof they speak.   The length of the  line is placed at thirtv-oight, miles, and the total cost  given at .$(_(UIOO. not.?! .O.Uiill as .stated by Tut: Tuiitc.vi:.  Jt likewise makes a great ado over the price's paid to subcontractors for the work tliey are doing.   These .are mat-,  tors with which the public have nothing to do.   Tho lowest tenderer in the lirst instance wa.s awarded llio .job.  and deposited securities  that the work would bo completed in accordance with lhe  plans and spccilications  prepared by the company's engineers and   within   the  time specified.    Whatever arrangements lie made with  sub-contractors is a matter resting with themselves.  One  thing i.s certain, that, upon the work, the manager for tho  construction company expects to earn a fair dividend.  This we think Tiik Tkiucvk will agree is in  no.way  wrong nor in any degree selllsh.    It is exactly the principle  upon  whicli  the proprietors of that paper manage  their own business.   The base insinuation I lint, at least Al)  per cent was to be cleared on the job and divided among  a certain  ring is cowardly.    Mat!  Tin-: Timu.iJ: taken  the trouble to ascertain the facts in coiineclion with the  matter it would  have written  in an entirely diil.rcnl  strain.    Kverything iu connection wilh tho undertaking  will be laid before, the legislature and published, ami then  it will be found that to tne slightest, details nothing was  done other than above-hoard ami in a most conscientious  manner  Tiie above is from the Vancouver World  of the 1st instant.    That it refutes any of  the statements made liy Tun Titim'x_ is  not apparent.    Of course it is an attempt,  but a   very   weak one.   to  discredit  Tilt:  Tl'ini'Xtt'H statements, which wore, lirst,  that the building of Lhe Nakusp cV Slocan  railway was a  profitable venture I'or the  Inland Development ��.V. Construction Company, however unprofitable il might, be to  fhe   .sub-contractors   and   Lin;   men    who  woi ked  for them:  second,  that   the province had loaned its credit  to enable the  builders of the Nakusp ��V Slocan  railway  to clean up  , :. Ml.t'i'o. and   thai   Lo  insure  the clean up legisla lion  would  be   passed  Lo make llic province liable I'or the principal of the bonds as well as the interest.  That tho first statement,  is true must, be  admitted. I'or does   not. The  World   say:  '���One   thing  is   certain,   lhat.   upon   the  " work, the manager for Lhe construction  "conipany   expects   to   earn a  fair divi-  " dend."   That the second is also true will  be admitted "when everything in coniiec-  " tion with the undertaking is laid before  " the   legislature,"   for   then   it   will   be  shown that the bonds for which   the provincial guarantee of   I   |��er  cent  was  obtained   wore  disposed of  al a   price just  sufficient Lo pay I'or   the   building of   the  road, whether tho cost of the building be  $17,000 or .i'-.OOOn'mile.    It mailers little  whether all the prolits go into the i roasury  of  tho   Inland   Development ��v Construction  Company or all  into the pockets of  the men who tire doing   the financing  for  the Nakusp 6c Slocan  lltiilway Conipany,  for even The World must know lhat both 1  An   English   paper says:    "One of   the  ������ greatesl defects of Iheexisling l.mploy-  ������ ors' Liability Act is that frequently the  ���' workman finds himself without remedy,  " owing   to   the system   knowu   as   sub-  '" contracting.     A contractor engages to  " do certain work.    The almost invariable  " plan now is Lo let out a great portion of  "'��� lhat   work    to   sub-contractors.     Then  *' tirises one of the most difficult points in  ���" connection with tho highly-technical ex-  " isling  I.m plovers' Liability Act.    Who  " is responsible?    The sub-contractor, or  ������ the original contractor?   And.be it re-  ���" niombered. there may be four, or five, or  '" half <t'dozen sub-contrtictors.    A work-  '* man's claini   is fre(|iiently ..defeated  iin-  '" dor     these     confusing    circumstances,  "owing  to his siting the wrong  person'.  'When   the   bill   was before the  house,  i: .Mr. Jones moved a clause, to the effect  '" that   the  workmen  of  sub-contractors  ' should  be deemed  to be in the employ-  ' ni'ent  of  the -'original   contractor.     Sir  ; Charles Russell opposed the amend men .;������'���  ; stilting' that  it  would  do  injustice   in  ' Home cases.    'For  instance, the works of  ' the Manchester ..ship canal are let out to  ' ;t large number of sub-contractors, some  'of whom  might lie responsible for five  " miles.    Wert; the original 'Contractors to  " be-liable for the negligence of thesesub-  ; contractors'"     Sir     Charles,    however,  ���'ti greed  tluit there were'.cases,  such   a.s  " builders, who let out plumbing, earpen-  " try, jind. other portions of work to sub-  '" contractors, in which an injustice is fre-  " (piently wrought upon "the .workman by  " interposing   negligent  sub-contractors.  " Sir Charles Dilke urged that the chiuse  "should   be  read   tt  second   time, jis   the  " question wjis of great importance to the  " workers.  Finally, _Ir. Asquith promised  "to propose tit tt  litter stage an amenil-  " nieiit whicli ho'.'.hoped  would   meet the  ".justice of the case."  The question is one whicli should be  considered at the next session of the legislative assembly of .British Columbia, for  the way in which sub-contractors tire  robbed by the builders of railways in this  province is almost incredible. The word  "robbed" is hero used in its'broadest  sense. The.sub-contractors are robbed by  the engineers, who classify material in  such a way that "solid rock" and "loose  rock" and "boulders" jind'everything in  fact moved is "earth.'" The workmen iire.  in turn, robbed by being compelled to tic-  cept - time-checks in lieu of money, the  time-checks being discounted when presented, tind sometimes repudiated altogether when presented by a merchant  foolish enough to cash theiii. But tluit  .anything will be done to prevent such  robberies in tin; future is doubtful. I'or  the simple reason that Lhe majority of  the legislative assembly is'composed of  men who have iiosyinpatliy whatever I'or  of him, Tllio Tnilit'Xlo suggests '.that  he abandon local politics altogether  iind go in i'or something higher. Let him  stand I'or the Dominion house. Tlm I ho  could run a way from .John Andrew _!arn.  in ;i square contest, is beyond question.  Colonel, take' lhe suggestion under consideration.  Tiiosk who oppose incorporating the  town of Nelson do so on the grounds that  "ignorjmt" ineii might be elected jildor-  nien. Well! Well! Wo alwjiys supposed the men who made a Lown wore  fully competent to govern il, if Lhey bill  had the clninee. The men who made Nolson may not 'have a ���"corner" on its brtiins,  but they have jit least suflicient horse  sense to manage the a flairs of tt one-horse  town.    PACTS   IN   PARAGRAPHS.  One of the oldest-established   general   merchandise stores in Southern   Kootenay  can be purchased on very reasonable terms within the' next 90 days.    The  sales aggregated   nearly  $100,000   in  the last   twelve months.     The stock on hand is new.    The  store-buildings are large,  well-lighted, and in a good location.     Purchaser can get easy  i terms by paying half cash.  poor   devi  I'or t heir ri  Is   who   are    tumble    to    light  rhls.  ArroiiniXu to reports from the old country, the nitteh-v.'uuiled ������Imperial Institute" is in hard straits, so hard tluit smoking concerts are resorted to to raise funds  lo keep il open. The institute wjis started  as a n adjunct of thai lad. Imperia I Federation. The fad is dead, and Llio institute  had better be turned inlo a concert hall.  Concert, halls, at least, serve a useful purpose as training schools from which noble  lords get wives who are able and willing  locjirn eomforl.il ble livings for both their  husbands and themselves. Cantidijiiis and  other colonists haven sentimental feeling  I'or Lhe old country, just such ,a feel ing as,an  adult has I'or a distant relative who may  lui ve (I is l i i igi i isl i od himself ��� nothing more.  The Northwestern Lancet offers a new  explanation of lhe sud��' 'ju drowning of  good swimmers, hitherto attributed Lo  cramp. There is nothing in a, cramp in  the leg Lo prevent Jin ordinary swimmer  supporting ��� himself in the-water by his  hands or on his back, nor to cause him to  throw up.his hands and sink once for all  like a stone. Such cases arc attributed to  perforation of the ear-druni. through  which the access of water pressure occasions vertigo Jind unconsciousness, and  it practiced caution results, to persons  having such perforation, to protect their  ears with a stopper of cotton when bathing.  Walter Besaut has been .silking to a  London reporter about his .American tour.  jind here is wlnithohas to say of Chicago:  " Vou luwe not seen America at Jill until  you have been to Chicago. New Vork is  not America. Sew York is a cosmopolitan  city: Boston i.s not Aniork.i, Boston is  old; I'liiljidelphia is not America, .Philadelphia is asleep. Buljit Chicago you jiro  in the very heart of the country���-you Jtro  at the center of everything. Chicago will  be to America, what Babylon, formerly  wjis to Asia."  During the last Paraguayan war it was  noticed that the men who had been without salt for three mouths, anil who luid  been wounded, however''slight, died of  their wounds becjiuse they would not heal.  What was known as the "(..lit"'road,  between Lethbridge and Dunniore in Al-  bertji, luis been taken over by the 'Canadian I'acific and is now it standard 'gauge.  The narrow-gauge rollingsLock was taken  to Lethbridge jind nearly Jill the old tniin  'men were discharged.  The sum of two thousand tind sixty-  eight dolhirs, which has accrued in interest upon ;t sixty-dollar deposit in a Boston  savings bank, has just been turned over  to the state of Massachusetts. A. depqsit-  bo')k representing that amount wa.s taken  from a prisoner named Willijim Doyle  some sixty years ago by the then city  marshal. Doyle died in 1881 without kin,  so i'ar jis known. In 1<SS7 the book wa.s  found by ji descondjintof thecity marshal  and turned over to the Intbiic administrator. Advertisements for Doyle's heirs  met with no response, and now the money  becomes the property of the commonwealth.  A foreign diplomat, conversing with  queen Liliuokahani on the subject of  Lhe mixed races in .Hawaii sjiid: "But  your majesty surely has no white blood in  your.veins?" "Indeed, i luwe white blood  in my veins," said the queen; "my grandfather Jtle captain Cook."  When general'Butler.was iu command-  tit New Orleans during the American civil  war, he was informed tluit father Ryan,  priest ;uid poet, luui been expressing rebellious sentiments, tind laid said he would  even refuse to hold funeral service for a  dead Vankee. General Butler sent for  him in haste, and began roundly scolding  him for expressing such tin-Christian and  rebellious sentiments. "General," the  wily priest answered, "you lutve been  misinformed: I would be pleased-to conduct funeral services I'or all the Vankee  officers and men in New Orleans."  Ulysses S. Grant has purchased the.Hub-  bell property, in San Diego, (California, for  a permanent home for hiinseH'jind mother,  the wihow of the late general Grant. The  house i.s conceded to be the linost resilience  in San Diego Jind eonunands a splendid  view.    It was built at ti cost of .{'2,0.0.  A most interesting vote is now being  taken in Switzerland. On theapplication  of .".).('()() Sochi lists ji general vote of the  whole of the iiihabiliiiils of the Swiss Federation is asked for on the question  whether or not the "right Lo_ have work  provided" shall be embodied in the Swiss  constitution. This means that every citizen in Switzerland will be giuiranteod  work by the st ji I.e. It is thought that the  poll will be .adverse to the proposition.  But, if it bo fjivor.'ible. it will be one of  the most remarkable steps in the progress  of the Labor movement which has yet  been taken.  November 27th, 1893.  For further particulars address  John Houston & Co., Nelson, B. C.  THE  Kelly Sectional Boiler.  (I'altiiilx ,'i|i|ilit:(l for in Cuimria iinil U.S.)  HEAVIEST  SECTION  170  POUNDS.  THE    HALL   MINES,    LIMITED    (FOREIGN).  !!��,!. .(.ml the Hist <lay of Otiloljor. I WW.  Can. be set up by two men in  two days and taken apart  by one man in ten hours.  Specially constructed for  packing" over mountain  trails.  Thoroughly Tested Before Leaving Shop.  For price . t!t.i:., apply lo  Kaslo, B. C,  or The Kootenay & Columbia P. & M. Co.,  Boll Telephone Iliiiltlin^, Ottawa, Ontario.  (Notary   Public)  AND  AUCTIONEER and COMMISSION AGENT    lti:l'H_S_. TUN��j:           The Con fedora tion Life Association,  Tliol'lio. lix Kiro Insurance Company,  The Provident Fund Accident Company;  AI..S0,  Tho Sandy Croft Foundry Conipany, near Chester, Kngland, makers of all kinds nf .mining machinery, air  compressors, rock breakers, slumps, etc.  Jowett Building, Victoria Street,  N"ELS01Sr,   IB. O.  Tin-: (foldt.'ti lira doiii.s Llio coitccI iicss  of l.iio report t,lwit co/oin.'l I'tiker litis derided Lo iiljiindon l.tist Kooteiiay tind  stiiirl for Alberni. If the colonel is tired  oi    Fast   .Kooteniiy   and    his   collenyties  LOTS  FOR SALE IN  ADDITION  "A"  Adjoining the governmeiil lown. .lo of Nelson,  AT $125 and UPWARDS,  wilh it rchale for buildings erected.    The besi residential  properly in Nelson.    V.-ihie sure to inc. .-use.  Apply to  -:-   W. A. JOWETT,    -:-  Mining-  and   Real   Estate   Broker,  Auctioneer  and Commission Ayent,  Agent   for  Nelson   and   West   Koolenay  llislriel,  or to  INNK.H & l:ICIIAl:|).S.  Vancouver,  Ii. 0.  John M. I\i:i:ri:it. .Ia.mks U". Skai.k.  KEEFER  8c  SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.    I lave several hundred cords of good  wood, which will be sold al reasonable prices,  l.KAVK   OltlJKKS    AT  J.  F.  Hume   <fc   Co.'s,   Vernon   Street,   Nolson.  That New Denver is the coming town in inland British  Columbia is beyond question,  and it is the only town in  the Province in which speculators have a chance to operate. The following are  bargains:  The north half of lot 8 block 5 (25 feet  frontage), $450, $300 cash, balance in  six months: no back payment to the  government. Lot 9 block 12 (50 feet  frontage), $600, $326 cash, the balance  to the government. Lot 7 block 14 [50  feet frontage], $600, $520 cash, the  balance to the government.  John Houston & Co.  NKLSON.  or D. B BOGLE, New Denver.  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and  baggage   |.riiiis_!i'_.'d  lo ami   from  the  railway depot and steamboat landing.   Freight  hauled and job teaming done.   Stove  wootl for sale.  CKItTII'-K. \TK 01.'   UKCilSTHATlON.  This- is to certify that I have this day registered "The  Mali Mines, Limited (Foreign), under fhe "Companies'  AcL," Part IV.. Registration of Foreign Companies and  the "Compenies Act Amendment Act" ISSlt"  The objects for which the Company i.s established are: ���  (it.) : To purchase or otherwise aeiinire gold, silver,  copper, or other mines, rights and metalliferous land in  Hritish Columbia or elsewhere, and any interest therein,  and in particular to aoouire the mines I .lown as the  "Silver King," "Kootenai." " Monanza," "American  Flag," and " Kohinoor," situated on Toad Mountain.  West, Koolenay. District of Hritish Columbia.  (b.) To purcliase or otherwise acquire, improve, manage, work, develop, sell, and otherwise deal with mines,  mining rights, metalliferous iind other lands, milling,  smelting, chemical and other works, in Hritish Columbia  or elsewhere, ami generally to carry on the business of a  mining, milling and smelting company in all its branches,  (e.) Tu explore, open nml work-claims or mines, and  raise ami quarry for gold, silver, copper ami other minerals, and ores and other substances, and to carry on the  bitsines. .of a company trading in all such materials in till  its branches.  (d.) To buy, sell, manufacture and deal in minerals,  plant, machinery, implements, conveniences, provisions,  stores, explosives, dry and wet goods, and thing* capable  of being used in coiineclion with mining and metallurgical  operation, or roijuirod by workmen or others employed  by the Company.  (e.) To construe, erect, equip, maintain, improve,  manage, and work (oraitl in and subscribe towards so  doing), roads, tramways, railways, piers, (piays, wbarve.-.  viaducts, aqueducts, water-works, canals, flumes,  ditches, crushing anil other mills, reservoirs, watercourses, buildings, factories, warehouse., ships, and  other works anil conveniences which may seem directly  or indirectly conducive lo flic objects of the Company,  and to contribute to or otherwise aid or take part in such  operation.-.  (f.). To enter into any arrangement wilh aiiy .government's or authorities, supreme, municipal, local or ol hor-  wise, orany corporal ions, companies, or persons for any  charters, contracts, decrees, concessions, rights, privileges or benetits that may be deemed advantageous, and  to carry out, exercise and comply witli the same, or sell,  lease and dispose of. or grant sub-licenses or- sub-concessions or otherwise turn the same to account.  (g.) To acquire by purchase, grant, concession, lease,  license or otherwise, any lands or hereditaments, or  rights or interests in lands or hereditaments. convenient  for any of the purposes of lite Conipany, and any mines,  minerals, or mining rights in any part of tho world, and  soli aiiddispo.s.o of or otherwise turn to prolit in any way  tlie.-amc.  (h.| .Tosearch for, seek, explore..mine, open and work  mines, quarries, collieries, oil wells, minerals .and other.-  "deposits, tind to render marketable, and sell and dispose  of. or otherwise turn to nrolit iu any way the.-ame.  (i.) To purchase or otherwise acquire and protect, prolong and renew, whether in the I'm ted Kingdom or elsewhere, any patents, patent rights, brevets d'inveution,  licenses, protections, secret processes or privileges, and to  use, manufacture, aud to grant licenses or rights in respect of, or turn to account, t he same, or sell aiid dispose  thereof, as may seem advantageous to the Company.  (j.) To use, cultivate.'improve, develop and slock, and  to work iind build on. and generally to turn to 'account  the Company's lands in such manner its the Company  think til, and to sell or otherwise dispose of all such stock  anil products of the said hinds.  (k.) To purchase or otherwise acquire any business,  undertaking, trading concern or properly, whether with  a view to re-seliing the same either to it conipany or to  any private person or otherwise, and to carry on. enlarge  and develop and improve the same, and to turn the same  to account in any. manner whicli may appear advantageous to the Company, and to sell and dispose thereof.  (I.) To purchase, rent, lca-ic. hire, charter, occupy or  otherwise ae(|iiirc any hinds, works, buildings, premises,'  houses, laboratories, workshops, tenements, hereditaments, plant, machinery, engines, apparatus, appliances,  easements, rights of way, rights of privileges, real or personal, and to erect, construct, build, make, idler, improve, superintend, manage, work, control, or maintain  any lands, works, buildings, premises, houses, laboratories, workshops, tenements, plant, machinery, engines,  apparatus, appliances, easements, rights of way. rights  or privileges, real or personal, tluit may seem advantageous to the Company.  (m.) To sell, lease, let, exchange, dispose of. mortgage,  or to grant any license for the use or practice of, or for  the working of any property or rights of the Company  whatever, for cash or stock.'shares or bonds of any other  company or association, and either payable at once or hy  deferred payments, or by sharing of profits, royalty, or in  any otlier manner, and to do all such acts and things that  may be deemed expedient for turning to account in any.  way any property or rights in which the Company is or  might be interested.  I ii.I To execute and carry into eft'oct any agreement;  or agreements to fullill any or all of the objects of this  memorandum.  (o.) To prosecute and execute, directly or by contributions or other assistance, any such or any other works,  undertakings, projects, or enterprises in wliich or for the  prosecution whereof, or on the security whereof, or of any  prolits or emoluments derivable Iherefrom, llie Company  shall have invested money, embarked capital in-engaged  credit.  (p.! To pay all expenses of and in connection with the  incorporation of llic Conipany. and the obtaining the  subscription of the share ami debenture capital thereof,  including, all commissions and otlier remunoralion to  brokers or oilier persons, for procuring or guaranteeing  subscriptions for, or for underwriting, placing, selling  or olherwirc disposing of any of the shares, debentures  or other securities or property of t liis Company, or of any  company in which this Company is or may be interested,  or assisting so to do, or for procuring or obtaining seltle-  inciil and quotation upon London, or Provincial, or  Foreign, or Colonial stock exchanges, of any of the said  ishare or debenture capital, and to enter into any contract  or contracts for any of the purposes hereof.  (q.) To purchase or otherwise acquire and undertake  all or any part of the business, properly and liabilil ies of  any person or company carrying on or possessed, or lo be  possessed, of properly suitable I'or the purposes of lhe  Company. To entcrmto parlnershiporinloany arrangements for sharing profits, union of interests, reciprocal  concessions, joint adventure, or co-operation wild any  person or company carrying on. or engaged in, or about  lo carry on or engage in, any business or transaction which  this Company is authorized to carry on or engage in. or  any other business or triinsnclioii callable of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to benelit the Company, and to lake, deal iu, or otherwise acquire and hold  shares or stock, or other securities of. aud subsidise,  underwrite the capital of. or otherwise assist, any such  company, and to sell, hold, re-issue, with or without  guarantee, or otherwise deal with such shares or securities.  Ir.) To borrow and raise money on such tci'iiisas the  Company may determine, and lo secure the re-payinent  of any money borrowed or raised, together with any interest, bonus, or premium payable or agreed to be paid in  respect, t hereof, by or without, a mortgage or charge upon  the whole or any part of the assets (existing andfiitiirel  of the Company (including itsuncalled capital), and lhat  either with or without, the intervention of trustees, and  so thai, such mortgage or charge may be contained in any  trust, deed or deeds, or in any debenture or debenture's  (to bearer or registered holder), and such debentures  may be terminable or perpetual or redeemable by drawings or otherwise, or irredeemable, and with or without  preference or priority among 'different issues, and with  power for llie Company to vest in the hands of trustees  for tiny persons, company or corporation advancing any  moneys lo the Company, any pari of the moneys so advanced, or of the capital or undivided prolits of the Company, with a view lo securing lo Ihe lenders so advancing moneys the duo performance of all the obligations of  the Conipany in regard thereto, and with or without  power  to the lenders to convert    their securities info  seem directly or'.indirectly calculated   to benelit   this  Company. ���'.-'���������  (ii.) To accumulate profits for any of the purposes of ���  flic Coinpanv. and to appropriate iiny of the Company's  'assets, whether capital or prolits. for specific purposes,  either conditionally or unconditionally, and lo ndniil.'auy  class or section ol those who..have dealings with the  Company lo any share in the prolits 'thereof, or in the  profits of any particular, branch of the .Coinpa'ny's business, or to any other special rights, privileges, advantages or hoiiolit.s.  (v.) 'I'o invest, or deal with iiny moneys of llio Company, not immediately, required.' in such manner as the  Company may think lit.  I w.l To aid in the establishment of. and support of associations or institutions calculated to benelit persons  employed by the Conipany, or having'dealings willithe  Company, and to confer on any such persons the right to  participate in.the profits of the Company.  (x.) To subscribe to any fund, institution or company,  and to act, by delegate or otherwise, upon any triule.  council, committee, chamber of commerce, syndicate, or  anv .other body of .persons, formed to lawfully promote  cither the general interest/of businesses to which.that of  tlic Company'is allied, or any other business that, may be  conclusive to the inlere. .s of the Company.  (y.) To cancel or accept surrenders of any share or  shares of any member or members for any. reasons and'  on iiny terms and conditions, iind as and when the  Directors, in their absolute -discretion, think fit, with or  without iiny continuing liability attaching to such member or members to pay upany.uncalled or unpaid capital  in respect of such share.or shares so cancelled or surrendered.  (_) To purcliase or otherwise-acquire or redeem the  proferanee shares of the .Company, as provided by Ihe  Articles of Association, subject, to the sanetio.'i of the  proper court.  (an.) To obtain any -provisional order of the Hoard of  Trade or Act of Parliament I'or enabling the Company to  carry any'of its objects'into elleet.  .  ���    .     .     ���  (bb.) To procure lhe Conipany to be-registered or re-  engnixed in any foreign or colonial country or place.  (ce.) To distribute, by. way of dividend or.otherwise,  among the members of (he Company any shares or securities belonging lo the ('omiiiiny or any other company, or  any property or assets of the (.'oinpany--applicable as  prolits, and lo issue shares; bonds or other securities of  the Company, iu satisfaction or on account, of any lia- '  bilities, dividends, bonus, or share of prolits so. payable,  whether to members or employees of Ihe Conipany or  other persons.  (dd.) To make donations lo such persons and in such  cases as may seem expedient.  '(oo.) To remunerateaiiy person or persons for services  rendered, or Io be rendered,' n relation to lhe placing  of the Company's shares orseciirif ies. or otherwise.  (ff.) To issue debentures or other securities or shares  (wholly or partly paid up) to any Director, ollicer of the  .Company, or other person, as the'-.consideration for any  .property which may .be .acquired by, or any siaviccs or  work which may be rendered lo or done for, the Conipany. or in or towards payment of the debts or liabilities  of or undertaken by the Conipany.  (gg.) Tu do nil or any of the above things in any part  of the world, 'and its principals, agents, contractors,  trustees or otherwise, and by or through trustees, agents  or otherwise, and either alone or in conj unci ion wi li  otlier.-.  ���(lib.) To do all other such things as are conducive or  incidental to the ullaiiiiiicnt of the above objects, or any  of them. ,  .- (ii.) Subject to section {���/.) lhe capital funds .and assets  of the Company shall not be expended or applied in the  'purchase of. or lent, upon, the security of its own shares.  (jj.) The word "('onipiiiiy" throughout Ilu. e presents  shall be deemed to include any partnership-or other  bodv of persons, whether incorporalcd or not incorporated, and whether duinicilcirin I he t'uiled Kingdom or  elsewhere.  The amount nf the capital slock "of the said Company  is three hundred thousand pounds sterling, divided inlo  two hundred and lifty lliiaisaiid ordinary'shares of one  pound ciich, iind lifty thousand cumulative preference  shares of one pound each.  The place of business of lhe said Company is located at  the corner of Victoria and Kootenav streets, in the Town  of Nelson. Hritish Columbia.  In testimony whereof. I have hereunto scl my hand  and ittlixed my seal of oilice fhclilst day of October. INK,  at the Cily of Victoria.-in lhe Province of Hritish Columbia.  11.. . .| ('. .1.  I.. (H.'ATT..  Itegistitrof Joint Slock Companies.  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN GRANT.  Notice is hereby given lhat. John McDonald, its agent  for Kbenczer l,'uiii.-uy. has filed the necessary papers and  made application I'or a Crown Oraut iu favor of lhe inin-  aral claim " Lulu." situated in 'the Nelson Mining Division of West Koolenay. Adverse claimants will forward  their objections wilhin liililavs from (he date of this publication.- N. FITZSTCJIHS.  < (.'old -Commissioner.  Nelson, H. f.. |;iih November. IS'.'A.  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN   GRANT.  Notice is hereby given Ihnl John McDonald, as agent  for Charles Ilall and olhcr-. has lilcd the necessary  papers and madeapplicat ion for a Crown Cranl in favor  of the mineral claim "Victoria." .situated in the Nelson  Mining Division of \\'c.-l Koolenay. Adverse claimants  will forward their objections within lid days from the  date of this publication. N. FIT/.STl .SHS,  (���'old Commissioner.  Nelson. H. (.'.. l.'llli November. I.Sivt.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Nolice is hereby given that thirty days after date I intend to apply to the stipendiary magistrate of West  Kootenay district I'or a license to sell liquor al my hotel  at Five-mile Point in said dislrict. I!.  F.  PKIiliV.  Nelson, November _ilh. IS:-.  Slocan Trading & Navigation Company, Ltd.  ^^_B5?3^^^_^lSc__^SS5^3;s_r^?:^  The company's Al passenger anil freight, steamer  W. HUNTER  Ci. I,. K.STA HKOOK Mast er  I.KAVKS NKW  DFNVKK  daily   for  Silvi-rlon   (Four  Mile City) end head of Slocan lake, reluming lo.N'ew  Denver bv li P. 31.  FOR ItATKS applv on board.  W. C. McKINNO.N, Secretary.  June, L'lst, 1__. Silvcrlon, H. C.  VVIL1JAA1 WILSON...  ....1'KOPHIKTOK  shares of the ('urnpany.  (s.) To make, draw, issue, accept, endorse, discount  and re-discount, purchase, sell, and deal in bills of exchange, promissory miles, and other negotiable instruments.  It.) To sell Ihe undertaking of the Company or iiny  pnrl thereof, for such consideration as the Company may  think III, and iu particular for shares (fully or partly  paid up), debentures or securities of any other company having objects altogether or I in part similar  fo those of this Company, lo form and promote  any other company or companies for the purpose of acquiring al! or any of the properlies, rights and liabilities  of this Company, or for any oilier purpose which may  TO THE  Ef\SJ  and  I The Kootenay Country is SOO  Miles nearer the Eastern  | States  ar.cl Canada via Eon-  I nev's   Perry   than   any  other  ' route.  u/esj  and  Boat connections are made at  Bonner's Ferry with trains  On the  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  S  >0il5^  For Spokane, Paget Sound, Molilalia poinl. .St. Paul,  Chicago and point:-in Canada and the Knslcrn Stales.  Pa iice Sleeping and Dining cars, Family Tiiurisl ears,  HuH'el-Library cars, Free Colonisi cars daily between St.  Paul. I. Minor's Ferry, Spokane, and Seal tie. Through  sleepers lo Chicago.  For further informalioii apply lo the olliecrs of (.lie  boats on Ihe Honnor's Ferry run: to P. Casey, agent,  CI real Norlhern Hallway, Hnniior's Ferry. Idaho; II. 11.  St. John, general agent. Spokane. Wash,; li. C. .".evens  city passenger and ticket agcul, Seat lie. Wash.; II. <!.  McMiekon, general agent., 2 King .--tree! east., Toronto.  Out.; or F. 1. Whitney, golmriil passenger and ticket  agent, SI. Paul, Minn.  m  I     ������   ���    !���! KH     ���.   ��� ��������_    "f �����  "_       _'��� WH'I.^":-" TP^V��"IH"FH"IWJ"'A''f Ji    I. ������'���Jtf��^    __    BWm _   IWW V"WT����MI"V����r1�����W   .   ^i".il.     Wl'l     ' T_K'.'W ������'     '    ���   "'J* ^"W"!1' ���..JH    ...    ������!_   ����� ���     _��������� llil    I    I  .IHI��I V _|Wl.".'Jfi      TI �����^Jl-J ���!������     l_'>ITTWl"^.IHIWIiH.I��Jl   ,WJ,.J^    .   'H      .' ��P^_IB��|fcl. ���JUHHf.B   _ il    U   ���! H.L.I W.        W^jn|.nwf I ll.    Hf��LP_ ���|HI.��,J��M iy.|   l.pW   H l     llll.W   [I.i      limn, Iif !���  J ������_���������_    .���������  J.-\_, V,r--;_-..-.j.. -il    * ."���_ i.T- _ij�� jj .'-, ,    -I,,- -i I, JL.. .'-fJJ, -  '/ -.-��; ���-} i, ,*._.'    ���>��� .1 �� \a>klJ71!7��   -*r .' .r. ���_.-._r,P. - ' -'  "r.   -_��� .'.-y-'? 1 VS , ju:  . ���WyX-i''- >���__>.-   "���'��� ��'���  -' _*  -'-i�� -'������--1--*.  _ *i.  ���^\r'.*.'-^->7   __- zL. ��� -' i-* ���>.    .'-V.   '"���'J-* *���_"_.�� ��� ��-T ���_-._,��, 4 . ����� -.v. p. J.v"?_- lit ��.���: !}��� ;J_i,', -,��-,-. i_ui. ���..,���,! -V..--.��.-:.r- A^]��u. m>. ."TS*T.,:.. ���-, ^ 7""?-c"3.M��.= V-i ��� rCKKfl* ,+.Ii, u.-''* s'ji . -Vr ._ SC  f : i**_f7. ���"_"      ���*������ ����������    " ."���*���'* ,����i "-���' _������"���-��� .*��� ' :-.���_">���. "j:- , -'i ���."������" ,-���',-��-���;���. ,������-...: -irt v- r ���"?-������ !���    _��'.�����!���..���. j,.'.-,;:--. v-��_   - ���,-�����_*.-/ jc.��'�����_,*!-*��� ������"������"����� ._'���������'.:!���.��*-_ r. "���"���_;��� :_^f���. �����_ .* . *.. r"-"- ".'-_������ ���"    r-afl-pjiorvf. "������-��� ra'. .���. ���? . tat������*"."~n"iii_ ���*">;#_:. *^��" ���.���..r'-. ���.���.������ ������ *."-,r�� ���������������- ������*"V"m:tj\. ,'v��, ._i ���'������.-���', ���-����� .���\<" .":;"���!���"':*. .*-���������: tf _ ���-';_ Jrw~\r  !$!J5_9.w__.  m m  (IK TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., TirCTRSDAY,  DEC.ttfl .ER  N,  189..  Sir DONALD  A.  SMITH   lion.  (.'_<).  A.   IM! I,'AIMOND,  K.  S. CLOUSTON ."   BTBBAI  $12,000,000  6,000,000   President   Vioo-Prcsidonl  .CJeneral Manager  N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.       lilt WCIII'.     IX     ������  LONDON  (England).   NEW YORK    CHICAGO,  and in lhe principal cilies iu Canada.  Huj   anil  sell Slei"ling  Kxchangu and Cable Transfers  CHANT COMMKIil'IAI.  AN |> THAVI-II.I.HIIS' CICNIHTS,  availiitile ill any pari of the world.  i>ic.\._i issl'iiii; (.'(ii.i.HC'noxs madi:; ictu.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  I!ATI<: OF IXTKIiKST (at present) Al Per Cenf.  IEEE MATTERS OF HABIT.  Llio smoking  voi*,v   good  Til. I'd .Were till". Ci ol' us in  room of the* .Aicxandi'.-i: a  l'i'i(!ii(l ol' mi no. a man who litis knocked  about tho world pretty considerably���  -which would seem lo be no more than  fair, for beforo lhaL tho world had its  turn, and a pretty lono- turn, at knocking  him about���myself, find in the opposite  corner a shy-looking, unobtrusive.; nittn,  bheediLor. a.s wo subsequently learned, of  a New York Sunday paper.  .My friend and I were discussing habits,  good tind had.  "Ai'Ler the lirst few months." said my  friend, "it is no more effort, for a man to  be a saint than to be a sinner: ib becomes  a mere matter of habit."  "I know." I iiilerupted: "it is every  whit as easy to spring out of bed the in-  st/ttnl, you are (-died as to say 'all right."  and turn over i'or just, another live minutes'snooze'- when you have got into the  way of il-. It is no more trouble not lo  swear than to swear��� -if you make it custom of it. Toast and waler is tis delicious  as champagne-- when you have acquired  the tasie for it. Things are .also jusl as  easy. llio other way about. IL is a mere  (ptestion of making your choice tiiid slicking lo it."  He agreed wil li me.  '"Now   lake   these cigars  of mine."   he  said, pushing liis open case towards me.  ������Thank you." 1 replied hurriedly: "I'm  not smoking this ���passage."  ������Don't  be alarm, d."  he  .answered,  "I  meant merely as an argument.    Now one  of these would  make you ill  for a  week."  I admitted his premise.  '���Yory well." he continued.    "Now, I. a.s  you know, smoke them till  day long, and  enjoy tlietn.    Why'.,   Because 1 have got  into the habit.     Years ago, when I was a  young man, I .smoked expensive Havanas.  1 found 1 was ruining myself.    It wtts absolutely necessary that I should take to it  cheaper weed.     I was living in lielgium at  the time, iind a friend showed  me .these.  I   don't   know   what they  are-���probably  cabbage   leaves 'soaked    in   guano- -they  tasted to nie like.'that, sit .'first���but they  were  cheap;     Haying  them   by the five  hundred, they cost me three a penny.    I  determined tt. like them, and started with  one a day.    It wa.s terrible work. I admit:  but sis I ssiid to myself, nothing could be  ���worse than the  Havanas themselves had  been iu the beginning.    Smoking i.s an acquired   taste, and  it must be as easy to  learn   to   like  one  flavor sis smother.     I  persevered, sind   i conquered.    Before the  year was over ! could think of them without loathing,  sit the  end of two 1 could  smoke them  without positive discomfort.  Now I prefer then) to any other brand on  the   market.    Indeed,   a good   cigar  disagrees with niu.''  I suggested it might have been less  painful to hsive given up smoking altogether.'  "I did not think of it," he replied, "but  a man who (loesii'Lsniokealwsiys seems to  nie bad conipany. There is .something  very sociable about smoke."  He leant back stud puffed great clouds  into lhe air, lilling.the small den with an  odor suggestive of bilge water sind cemeteries.  '���Then, again, ho resumed after a. pause,  "lake my claret. No you don't like it:"  (I had not spoken, but my face had evi1  deiitly betrayed me), "nobody does sit  least uoone I ha veever met. Three years  sigo. when I wsis living in Ihiinmersinitli,  we caught two bitrgisirs with it. Thoy  broke open the sideboard and swallowed  live bottles between them. A. policeman  found them afterwards, sitting on a doorstep 101) yards off. lhe swag beside them  in a esirpet bag. Tliey were too ill to offer  any resists!nee and went to the station  like lambs, he promised to send the doctor  to them the moment they were safe in the  cells, liver since then I hsive left out a  .decanter full upon the table every night.  "Well. I like tlisil claret, sind itdoesme  good. I conn; in sometimes dead bestt. I  drink a couple of glasses and I'm a new  man. I took to it iu the lirst instance for  Ihessiiiie reason that I took' to the cigars;  it was cheap, i hsive it sent over direct  from (ienevsi, sind it costs me seven shillings  it   do/.en.    How  they do   it   I don't  tniled through the conservatory and  floiited in taint shrilly waves of sound  round the garden and out into the road  beyond. The silence now pervading  everywhere frightened and disturbed him.  .The plsico wsis no longer homo to him.  Ho missed the broe. y morning insult, the  long whill.- evenings' reproaches beside  the dickering fire. At night he could not  sleep. For hours lie would lie tossing  restlessly, his ears siohing for the accustomed soothing flow of invective.  ���"Ah,' ho would cry bitterly to himself,  it is the old story; we never know the  value of a. thing until we have lost it."  ���'lie grew ill. The doctor dosed him  with sleeping draughts in vain. At hist  they told him bluntly that liis life depended upon his find ing si not her li el pma le  able and willing Lo nag him to sleep.  "There wore plenty of wives in the  neighborhood of the type ho wsmted; but  the uninsirried women were, of necessity,  inexperienced, and his health wsis such  that he could not afford Lhe time Lo train  Lheni.  "l'.-rtituatcly. just as dispair was about  to tiiko possession of him. a man died in  the next parish. literally talked to death,  the gossips said, by his wife. Ileobtsiined  an introduction and called upon her the  dsiy sifter the funeral. She wsis a cantankerous old woman, tind the wooing was  ii hsirassiiig afl'air. but his heart was iu bis  work', iind before six months were gone  he had won her for his own.  ���" She proved, however, but a poor substitute. The spirit was willing, but the flesh  was weak.  She hsid neither that command  his head sadly.  Susan's flow of  what a womsin  know. I don't want to know. As you  may _ remember it's fairly heady sind  there's body in it."  "I knew one man." he continued, "who  had a regular .Mrs. Caudle for it wife. All  day long she talked to him or sit him or of  him. sind sit night he fell sisleep to the  rising iind falling rhythm of what she  thought about him. A I last she- died and  his friends congrsi tula ted him. telling him  1,Ikib now he would enjoy peace. Bub ib  wsis the peace of the dissert and  the man  did  not enjoy it.    l/or  two  years her voice had lilled the  and twenty  house, ]iene-  of Language nor of wind bhab hsid disbiu  guished her rival, b .-oin his favorite seat  sib the bottom of the garden he could not  hear her sib sill; so ho hsid his chsiir brought  up into the conservatory. Jt wa.s all right  for him there so long sis she continued to  abuse him: bub every now and then, just  sis ho wsis getting comfortably sebtled  down with his pipe and newspaper, she  would suddenly stop.  "He would drop his paper and sib listening with a troubled, anxious expression.  "'Are you there, dear"' ho would call  out., sifter si while.  '"Yes. I'm here: whore do you think I  sun, you old fool.'she would gasp back, in  sin exhausted voice.  "llis face would brighten at the sound  of her voice, '(io on dear," he would answer: 'I'm listening. 1 like to hear you  talk."  "But the poor woman was utterly  pumped out, and hsid not so much as st  snort left.  "Then he would shake  "No. she hasn't poor, deai  words,' he would say; 'ah  that was!'  "AL night she would do her best, but it  was it lame aud halting performance by  comparison. After rating him for little  over Ihree-qusirters of sin hour, she would  sink back upon the pillow, sind want to go  to sleep, but ho would shake her gently by  Ihe shoulder.  "Yes. dear." he would say, 'you were  spesiking about .Jane, aud the wsiy I kept  looking si t her during lunch."'  '"It's extraordinary," concluded -my  friend, lighting a fresh cigar, " whsit creatures of habit \vu are."  "Yory." I replied. "I knew a man who  told tall stories till when he told si true  one nobody believed it."  "Ah, thsib was st very sad case," said my  frieud.  "Speaking"of habit," said the unobtrusive man in the corner, "i can tell you a  true story tluit I'll bet my bottom dollar  you won't believe."  "Hsiven't got a bottom dollar, bub I'll  bob you half a sovereign I do," replied my  friend who v,.is of st sporting turn. '-Who  shsill be judge"'"  "I'M.take your word for it,'-' said the unobtrusive man; tind started 'straightaway.  "He wsis si.Iefferson nisin. this man I'm  going to tell you of," he began. "Me was  born in the town, .and-for -forty-seven  years he. never slept it night outside of-it.  lie was si most respectable man, a dry-  salter from !)-tO'l, and a Presbyterian in  his leisure moments, llesaid that a gootl  life merely meant good habits. He rose-  sit (5, had family prayer at 7:o(), breakfast  sit S, got to business sit 9. hsid his horse  brought round to the office sit -I sind rode  for an hour, reaching home at 5, hsid si  bath and st cup of test, played with and  read to the children (he wsis it domesticated mini) bill ():���"'(), dressed and dined at  7, went round bo the club and played  whist till 10:15, homo again bo evening  prayer sit I0:.'_)siiid bed at 11. For twenty  yesirs he lived that life with never a variation. It worked into his system and became mechanical. The church clocks  were set by him. He was used by the  local astronomers to check the sun.  "One day ii distant connection of his in  Loudon, an Mast Indian merchant and sin  ex-lord mayor, died, leaving him sole legatee and executor. The business was si  complicated one and needed nisuiageniont.  He determined to leave his son by his first  wife, now a young nisin of 21. in charge sit  .JelTerson. iind to establish himself with  his second family in Kngland. and look  after the Kast Indian business.  " I le sob oub from JelTerson City on October the -lth iind arrived in Loudon on  Lhe 17th. He hsid been ill during the  whole of the voyage, and reached bhe  furnished house he had hired in Bsiys-  water somewhat of a wreck. A couple of  days in bed, however, pulled him round,  and, on the Wednesday evening, he an-  nouneed his intention of going iuto the  city the next day to see to his affairs.  "On the Thursday morning heawoke at  I o'clock. Mis wife told him she had not  disturbed him. thinking the sleep would  do him good, lie admitted that perhaps  it had. Anyhow he felt very well and got  up sind dressed himself. Me did not like  the idea of beginning his first day by  neglecting si religious duty sind. his wife  sigreeing with him. they sissembled the  servants sind the children in the dining  room and hsid family prayers at I :.'!(>.  After which he break-lasted sind set off.  reaching lhe city about.'" o'clock.  "His reputation for piincbusiliby had  proceeded him and surprise wsis everywhere expressed at his Lite arrival. He  explained lhe circumstances, however,  sind made his appointments for the following day to commence at 0:81).  ''lie remained at the office unbil late,  aiid then wenbhome: For dinner --usually  his chief mesil of bhe day���lie could manage boeiib only a biscuit sind some fruit.  lie attributed his loss of sippetite lo want  of his customary rifle. He wa.s strsuigely  unsettled sill the evening', he ssiid ho  supposed he missed his game of whist,  sind determined to look out for some quite  respectable club without loss of time. Ab  II he retired with his wife to bed, but  could not sleep. He tossed sind burned  sind burned and tossed, bub grow only  more wstkeful and energetic. A litblo  sifter midnight, an overpowering desire  seized him to go and wish the children  good-night. He slipped on a dressing  gown and stole into the nursery. Ho did  not intend it but the opening of the door  awoke them sind he was glsul. He wrapped tliiim up in si quilt, sind sitting on the  edge of the lied told lheni moral stories  till I o'clock.  "Then he kissed them good-night, bidding them be good and go Lo sleep; sind  feeling painfully hungry, crept down  stairs, where he made st hesirly mesil oil"  cold beefsteak pie iind cucumber in the  back kitchen.  "lie returned to bed feeling more peaceful, yet sbill could not sleep: so Lay thinking about his business aliairs until ., when  he dropped oil".  "At 1 o'clock to the minute he awoke.  His wife told him she had inside every en-  dosivor to rouse him but in vain. The  nisin was vexed sind irritstted. If he hsid  nob been st very good man indeed I believe  lie would hsive sworn. The same programme wsis repented as ou Thursday iind  si gain he reached thecity ab 8.  "This state of things went on for a  month. The man fought sigsiinst himself  but was unable to alter himself. Kvery  moriiing���or, rsither, every afternoon���sib  1 he awoke, livery night iit 1 he crept  down to the kitchen and forsiged for food,  livery morning sit . ho fell sisleep.  "lie could not understand it. nobody  could understand it. The doctor treated  him for water on the brain, hypnotic irresponsibility sind hereditary lunacy.  Mesinwliile his business suffered and his  health grew worse. He seemed to be living upside down His days seemed to  have neither beginning nor end, bub to bo  sill middle. There wsis no time for exercise or recreation. When he began to  fool cheerful and sociable everybody wsis  asleep.  "One day, by chance, the explanation  came. His eldest daughter was preparing  her home studies after dinner.  '"What Lime is it now in New York?"  she asked, looking up from her geography  book.  "'Now York," said her lather, glancing  sit liis w .itch; "let niu see. It's just ton  now. and there's a. little over four hours'  difference. Oh, about .:'"() in the sifter-  noon!'  '"Then in .JelTerson,' said the mother,  'it would be still earlier, wouldn't it?"  "'Yes,' replied the girl, examining the  map. "Jefferson is nearly twenby degrees  further west."  "Twenty  degrees."   mused Llie  father:  sind there's   four   minutes   in   si   degree.  That would make it now, sib the present  moment, in JelTerson-���'  ..."He leaped, to his feet with si cry:  '"I've got it,'he shouted; 'I see it.'  '"See what?" asked his wife, alarmed.  "'Why it's four o'clock in Jefferson, sind  just time for  my title.   That's whsit I'm  wanting.'  "There could be nodonbt 'about it.- For  2*5 years he had lived by clockwork.- He  had changed his longitude but not himself. The habits of a q usirter of si century  wore nob to be shifted at the bidding of  tho sun.  "lie examined the-problem iu till its  bearings, ;ind deeitled thsib the only solution was for Jiim to return to the order of  ���his old life. He saw the difficulties in his  way. but they were less than those he was  at present encountering. He wsis too  formed'by habit to adapt himself to circumstances. Circumstances must adapt  themselves to him.  "lie lixed his office hours from .'3 to 10,  leaving himself at'):'_). At 10 he mounted  his horse and went foi' a cantor iu the  row, and on very dark nights he carried a  lantern. News of it got abrosid and  crowds would assemble to see him ride  past.  "He dined at 1 o'clock in the morning  and afterwards strolled down to his club.  He had tried to discover a quiet, respectable club where the members were willing  to play whist bill -I in the morning., but  failing, hsid been compelled to join si small  Soho gambling .hell, where they taught  him poker. The place wsis occasionally  raided by the police, but thanks to his  respectable appearance, he generally  mausiged to escape.  "All:.'.' he returned home sind woke the  fsimily up for evening prayers. At 7> he  went to bed sind slept like ii top.  "The city ehsifTed him and J'Jayswater  shook its head over him. but that he did  not mind. The only thing thsib really  troubled him wsis the' loss of spiritual  communion. At." o'clock on Sunday .afternoons lie Ml he wanted chapel, but had  to do without il. At 7 he ate his simple  midday meal. Kleven he hsid test and  muffins, sind at midnight begun to crave  again for hymns sind sermons. At 8 he  had a bread and cheese supper and retired  early iit I si. in., feelingsad and unsatisfied,  "lie wiis essentially a nisin of habit."  Tho unobtrusi vestraiigorcesised. and we  s.'it ga/.ing in silence at the ceiling.  At length my friend rose, sind taking  half a sovereign from his pocket,. Laid it  upon the table, and. linking his arm in  mine, went out with me upon the deck'.  the range of human possibilities, considered more fully Lhe elements of the  problems with which lie hsid lo deal, sind  through prudence and patience had powers of recuperation or recovery from sid-  vorsities which IToMadsiy had not. The  life of each of these men marks a stage of  growth iind development in a new country, liach was useful in his way sind Lime,  but neither, wsis suited to the conditions  of natural progess iu Suites, sind neither  could nisiintain himself at the head of the  evolutionary movement he had so greatly  sicceleraled. "Jim" Hill of the .resit  Northern railway is smother of tliese  paladins of exploitation in western empire, who yet remains on Lhe  ��� stage.  Robbing a Crime Unknown in Cork.  Whilst the Knglish ���'���Unionists" sire continually saying so much iu disparagetuenl  of Lhe Irish character, it may not be out  of place to tpiote from Dr. Trestrsiil's interesting "Short Story  of n   Long  Life"  the opinion   Lhe   writer   hsid   formed   of  Irish honesty, sifter some yosir's residence  in   Cork.    He   says:    "When   I   took    st  house in the (ilanniire rositl. Cork, I  wsis  surprised to see how defective ilsordina.ry  defences  were.   Not a lock, si ssish  fastener,  or  a   bolt  was in  efficient  repair.  When   the   attention   of the agent  was  est Hod to this matter and he wsis requested  to have the needful repairs executed, he  peremptorily refused.    When 1 sisked bhe  reason he coolly replied Unit such repairs  were wholly unnecessary.  When I pointed  out how easy it wa.s for any burglar to  break in and rob he was quite astonished.  ���Shure. ye don't think thsib in Cork anybody does such a thing.    We leave that  business to you folk in Knglsind.'    I was  obliged   to  incur some   considerable   expense in effecting these repairs, and after  a few months' experience found that (hey  were unnecessary; and I   may arid   that  (.luring my residence iu Cork, with si population approaching 100,000,  the vstst majority of whom were poor sind living in  dwellings scarcely affording any niesins of  securing decent domestic habits, I never  heard   of   st   burglary   being   committed  there.      Seversil   times,   when   returning  very late from  visits paid lo sick persons  ���especially sailors from Wsiles���the key  of the hitch-lock wsis left in the door siil  night.    Nothing was easier for thieves to  open  the door, walk  in, anrl   help themselves to whatever they could  hiy their  hsinds upon,    lint I wsis never robbed.    I  soon became possessed of the same feeling  as my neighbors of the absolute security  of life and  property,  sind   thsib witliout  the     ordinary     safeguards     universally  sulopted in England."  most  bigoted principles, or  none at all.  As there is no possibility for the development of love before marriage, this most  nsiLurstl of sill human   passions  is apt  to  assert its power long after the excitable  young Kroneh womsin has contracted sin  alliance  witli  some  "unsympathetic fellow,"' stud it  needs   much   chsirac.ler stud  vei'y solid virtue to resist Lhe courtship of  enterprising     Krench      noblemen.     who  swarm   around   young   brides  with   the  skepticism of true libertines.    Women of  strict  principles,   who hsive not become  nuns   on   leaving school,  and   who have  had Die courage to withstand the current  of youth and passion, lead after marriage,  for the most part, lives of silent domestic  nisirtyi'dom.      Those   who    have    rather  loose morals, sind they are, perchance, tho  greater number, see in to  hsive si   pretty  good Lime of it, and  spend   their golden  yesirs   troinpsint lours maris, with  a von-  I gesuice. while thoy bring up their children  witli the grositost severity on a system of  blindfold   ignorance.      iii  fact,   the cool  way Krench women hsive of being inunorsil  without giving up   going   to church  ou  Sunday is si mystery.    One sister will bo  si Csirmelite sind the other will accept the  homage  of hsilf a dozen  admirers.    Yet-  both have been educated in the same convent: both have shsirod  the same life till  the age of eighteen, when bhe gay, laughing blonde entered a  religions order, sind  the dark, almond-eyed sister sought the  nistrrisige bie for the sole purpose of securing fiejdoni.   Ferris Wheel Still Turns,  livery car of the  Kerris wheel   is now  provided  with an oil stove.    Tho drop of  the thermometer and the chill winds from  the lake induced the managers of the  wheel to heat their ears. The comedy of  the Kerris wheel is theonly sunusing tiling  on the World's Fair grounds. With only  workmen on the I'laissince sind not si passenger in sight, the wheel continues to  turn. Ticket sellers sit in tho ticket  booths, sind at regular intervals the great  wheel stops smd guards open doors for imaginary passengers to enter. The doors  are closed, the wheel stsirts, revolves  twice, milking a regular trip, and then  stops sigaiii to let off its inisiginsiry psis-  sengersand let other phantoms on.' The  management is keeping up this show for  the purpose, ib is said, of making a case  for damages against the exposition company. Nothing is said sibout removing  the wheel.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE  BAR  I.S   . UI'IM.IKI.) WITH TIIK HKST I .(ANI>_ OK ALL  ICIXUS OF WINKS, UOI'ORS, AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  Jnternational  HOTEL  Corner of West Vernon  and Stanley Streets  NELSON,  B. C.  First-Class in Everything".  THE INTERNATIONAL has a Comfortably Furnished Parlor for  Ladies, and the Rooms are Furnished Newly Throughout.  THE TABLE is not Surpassed by  any Other Hotel in the Kootenay  Lake Country, Being- Supplied  with the Best of Everything-.  Was Uselul In His Way.  The Portland Oregonisin ssiys Henry  Villard litis gone bsiok to his nsttive town  in (.loriiiiiny to spend the remainder oi his  days. Xo doubt he lias si gresit fortune.  and will live now at his ease, so far as one  can : yet it, ni.'iy be doubted whether sal.is-  fact.ion will attend his retirement, because  possession is always more Last eless t.han  pursuit, sind a wish is desirer a I w.-iys than  a crown. Henry Villard has run, sis the  world goes, a remarkable and successful  csireer. The impress of his individuality  is scarcely so great as tlisit made by llic  csireer of IJen llollstday. though the results  of his work wore inlinilely greater, lie  wsis a f.'ir less iinsiginalive man, was more  (���sircl'til smd less visionsiry, had clearer perceptions of mora I limitations, know hotter  Education the Foe of Originality.  Thearchbishop of Canterbury i.s gravely  exercised   in   mind   over  the   system  of  modern   education.    lie  thinks   that although things have improved ''asa result  of the unmeasured prodigsility of modern  education." there wsis, nevertheless, si deplorable lack of originality.    Jf the effect  of education, he said, wsis Lo damp originality, then educsition wsis not doing what  it-ought to do.   Tho idea of educsition developing and   stimulating originality is  simply preposterous.    The nearer you get  bsiek to the  natural unlettered man,  the  more   chsuiee    there    is    of    originality.  .Modern   educsition,   which   sets   Lhe selfsame tasks to thousands and thoussuids of  children, tends Lo depress or. rsii.se all the  seholsirs to a general  level.    For proof of  this take your West-end men  smd West-  end  women of London.    These  favorites  of fortune hsive presumably received the  best educsition obtainable: yet they   sire  sill    of    them    well-drilled,   well-spoken,  polished   automata.     10very   nisin of the  class talks with exactly the same languid,  affected   drawl,   stud   the  women   tire sis  alike in speech and manners as  they are  in   the  general   outlines   of   their dress.  Y^o hsive. to bo eduesited, of course,   but  only at Lhe cost of whsitever little originsility heaven may have endowed us with.  Besides, the genius of the   English tuition  is opposed   to originsility.    Approximate  to a ccrtsiiu stsmdsird of manners smd customs   and    follow   your  neighbor  in   till  things.    Thsit i.s  the   prescription   which  whosoever follows shall besocisilly saved.  The Christian church  lists  been   Lhe  consistent foe of originality,   in   that it  litis  boon the bitter enemy of thought sind in-  tellectusil   life,   without which   there can  he no originality.  A Snobbish Expression.  The growth of thsit snobbish practice of  substituting ' "lady"   for   "woman"   has  called forth the contempt of nisiny sensible  people,   yet   still   the   practice seems   to  grow.    .Mr. I.abottohere. in London  .'ruth,  ssitiriy.es it in this merciless fsisbion:    "A  judge smd .jury last  week 'decided that it  is no libel  to  call  one  of the fair sex  a  womsin. although she may claini   to be a  "lady."    We shsill next hear of a new edition of the I .ble. in which tin: word "lady"  is substituted I'or "woman" wherever il/ is  used, sind divines will roier to "the I. idy  of Hsimarisi."   This plan has indeed  been  sulopted by some of the Aincricsin clergy,  to judge  by sin   exlrsict  from   si   sermon  prosiched there which I lately osuneaeross.  "Who were   first at the cross?" said  the  preacher,   "Ladies."    "Who   were lirst sit  the sepulchre? Ladies." Still, if f thought  that it would plestseany pat l.ioiilsir womsin  toesill her si  lady   or indeed an singel    I  should do so sit once.    In Austrisi. whim I  lived there.! yesirs sigo, it was lhe custom  of everyone to address si waitress in a restaurant as  "beauteous  maiden." smd she  replied 'when she got her tip. "I kiss your  hand." although  the insiideii  wsis not always beautiful, nor was the hand  kis��-d.  All this sort of terms and expressions are  coiiveiitionsil.     As  i.o   whsit  woman   is si  lady, opinions may differ: but I Ins genersil  rule may be Isiid down  that the   woman  who insists that, she must be called one is  not si lady."  French  Women's Peculiarities,  genuine*  French   woman of society  y bosiufiful.   She is always  more  'Vouch  igeiit.  iosiev  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock ��)t' limit>i'r rouKli and dressed. Shinglu .  l.ilhs, sti. .i, doors. iMoiildini;. . clc. Tin'cu cui'l'mils dry,  t'lciir llr Mooring- iind ceilini; for sale lit lowest rati. .  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  elson Hotel  Dinmg*-Room  is now under the imnmij-. muni, of  (lately steward on the steamer Xelson).  JAS. DAWSON & B. CRADDOCK,  PROPRIETORS.  THE BAR  Is Stocked with Choice Imported and Domestic "Wines. Liquors and Cigars.  OOTENAY  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  From tin's time on an ell'ini will Ije made to make lhe  Xelson a resort for lni. .ncss and mining men, as everything ohlainahle in season will he proeured.  ISates - Single meals, it) cents ; day board, ��.S a week.  Boy,, Give  Call.  ene  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS   |  A11 _ COX V KXI. XT A XI > ! IS  COJIKOUTAHLK.  THE. TABLE  TIIK    HKST   IX   TIIK  lUOUXTAIX..  JOHN F. WARD! FRONT STREET  MANAGER.    |   KASLO, B. C.  Till!  i.s r.'iro  or less .iscinsiting. Like the I  nobleniiiu. she is lull, lithe, intel  sipprcciiitive oi art, with much <!<  o   i' reeling, suul h;is cither very strong, sil-  The Very BEST OF Everything*.  HBOlSLANI.  HOTEL  Front Street, Near the Steamboat Landing,  KASLO, B. C.  Devlin & McKay, Props.  TIIK HKST ('(���l.-'IXK.      TIIK HKST IIKI>...  TIIK HKST ok KVi:i:VTIII.N'(.'.  rand Central  HOTEL  Corner  Front  ancl   Fourth   Streets,  KASLO,   B. C.  A, & J. Fletcher, Props.  ACCOMMODATIONS   FIRST-CLASS.  . tiiifi! lenvcs (fraud Central for Wiil.  >n.  Hear Lake City.  Three'Forks. .Vew llrnver anil all points in  the l\'a. .ri-Slocjiii distriet.  HE PALACE  HOTEL  Corner   Front  and   Fourth   Streets,  KASLO,   B. C.  MAHONEY & LUNDBURG  PROPRIETORS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  HOTEL  John Johnson, Proprietor  Extensive  Improvements  Now Completed.  All Rooms  Refitted and  Refurnished  FINEST  WINES,   LIQUORS, AND  CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  Special  Attention to Miners.  llllll.MS l''ll!ST('l,.\S.S.  I.'ATKS MOIiKI.WTI".  HE  HOTEL  HANSEN & BLOOMBERG  Proprietors.  TIIK    ('I.OSKST    IIOTKI,, TIIK HAli C'AIM! I KS TIIK  in Xe|.  in to lhe Sli'uin-j l!i'-l   Itriiiul.- <if l.ii|iiur->  lioiil   l^itiiliiiK. 1 and Cijjiir .  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of I he he . hotels in Toad .Mountain di .rict, and  jm the headi|iuirlers for p. i>|icetors und  working   miners.  MALONE   &   TREGILLUS,   Props.  ^0  _*              ���  . i7r-_'.i�� ���"-���_�����*_ ���''"--.-'. '  '_"*.���!- .V".-.'"'-.; :. i".*1 ��-.!���-*   .������.<:'���'-.,'.ft ������.>���'_���*������>���. ���*������ ��� 1 v. i-i. ���������"��������'������-������'!. '.-. il** .�����'":."�� ���.-������-'i. *���-.��� "���  - "..vf.','i -  r i i_V��   vr". .-���������".    ��.*-'-  .���-���'���*. ���:   ���'- a i -'.P'-i'^ .j"rv * -���  *���-���-*'��� f  :*v"'' <_.;t ������*���..������. ���._ ���  ;*T���ia��� no .������h,jii ��� ���,���!'��.��� V,1-;*  ,'*������������������       '   "*1*.i.* ""   .' ���    '.  '"'i"   '   i \T^~ -  "MJJIJ  1  ���*������ ������������.���ipnv  J  I   -*.'.*���. '  irrn: TI-TE  TT. lBIl'I\r.l. :   NELSON, B.C., THURSDAY,  DEOEMBEP,   U,  1S93.
_sun»*s.   .Ti_r_*n_
T. II. fiillhi. rc[*i  .I'.ir    XolUeii eniinl\ toiiil.
The Van  l.itlen  fainih' ha\ e left Ain^-
-»\ OI Ll 1 foi   tllC II  (lid lldlllU.lt   ll.IV LII|I!)I t,  lo   .,l.
Joe   Fletcher   K   dtingerou^ly   ill   with
lilieunu. ll.l <U Is,i  .o.
Or. E. (.'. Kilbourne of Seattle, u ho litis
iiiiiiiii(* lllli'ic.-. in Sim .in di-ti H I. in 11\ eil in \i l»nii nil
WcdiicMl.ij .
Telegraphic uk"c.i tr.- (Iti lei I \";\nconv. r,
Deieinhci .'ith. v.ele ileli\ ( n il al XeKon on ihe I.lth    The
nul'.' line i-< a-. f,'i)o(l a- no Inn . all hi i ,in-.< ol .in 1111 u illm.
lie---  to  ciiiploj   a   -1111 i« lent   niunlu I   ol u>in;n-ti nt  line  !
reii.iin i'-. I
The Inland Development i . C"«»n*-( ruction I
CompiiM)   h.i-. iii c j ii 11 f < 1  .in   mien   .   in  Ilu   land al   Ihi I
moiil h ot  WiKnn i i ei K. on Sim an l.iUi. !' in lie*, noi i li ol j
Xe«  I)en\ei.  Sm \e\oi - an  |ilallin.   tin Inil Im ,i Iii«m [
.te.    Lots of lots   will   hi   on   lhe  in.ul.it   uillnn -i\n
d. . s.    A low n -lie I- aNo lie] ll J,' |il,il|id  al   llie inniilli nl
Minion i leek, four mile-, iiii tin -oiilh IniUnl  I'.u |u nl ii ,
eleek lloin TI il < e Km k-.'. '
Horn, on Tue-.day ni_ht. tit  XeUon.   to
the i% ite of Mr   Vail ol   l.iu V.illi j, ,i -on.
When fit New Denver \V. I . Teet/.el
sold residence site- to a niiniln i nl minin . men ulio intend to build Ihi in-_l\i'- Ikjiiil -, in lhat pl.u <. Tin I nl -
.sold were in the Milfilln i...\ poilion ol the town-m
Nf.oI in lions are |_i hUii;* u'hereh.v half lhe linviisile i.s
to he t raiisferred lo the ('niiailiaii 1,'aeilie Kailwny Uuiu-
The rt .id between Ktiso find New 1. en-
vor is iu splendid'condition for iratlic. and the stages of
the Selkirk Transportation ("oinpany cover the di-iance
in less than seven hours. Fare from Ivajslo to Xew Denver, SI.
As soon as the material can be procured,
the Kootenay l.nke Telephone Conipany will build a telephone line from Xew lienverto Watson, h.y way of the
..Mountain Chief inino and Three Forks, and a line from
New Denver lo Four Mile City.
A good sleigh road hi is been made from
the depol of the . elsi.i & Fort .heiipard railway to the
business pan of Xelson. Tiie road is about, a mile lout*
and is an easy grade. C W. Heath, formerly agent of
the ..pokane i .ills _ X'orlhern at. Xoi'thport, is agent at
Xelson, and he is now installed in the depot, which is in
keeping with the size of the town iu which it is located.
The   men   who   supply  the   people cof
southern Koolenay with heel' earn all the money tliey
make, during the winter months at least, liurns, Mclnnes _ Co. were twenty-live (lays in getting cattle
through from Calgary fo'i'lirce Forks, and "Hilly " i'erdue
has been almost" as long in getting seventy-odd head
through from Kettle river to . elson. .,
llcnry Harsluiw has taken liis pa ck-
train animals oil the Nakusp trail imd will winter tliein
on Kettle river. 11 r. llarsliaw himself will winter al
-. G. 13. Wright and Charlie Olson, both of
Ainsworth, report no snow on the streets of that lively
mining metropolis.
The stations on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard road are named Waiiula,'Heaver, Meadows, Salmon,
Hull. . iiininit, Xelson. and Kootenay,
J. Fred Hume and J. nice Craddock tire
n. on a hunting trip down ahout.Slocan crossing, if they
kill anything, their friends will he surprised.    "-.      ,lr
JMi*. and Mrs. C'eorge Nelson Jeft for Spokane today. May tliey return and take up permanent
residence in Kootenay is the wish of their friends.
Three  Eorks  is getting  to  be quite  a
town. Twenty-throe ore teams come and go through it.
It has live stores, two hotels, two meat markets, two
barber shops, one drug store, one cigar store, and Charley
Barnes's bath-house.
It is reported thsit-.all the graders  will
be oil' the Xaknsp _ Sloean railway by the middle of
January, and that all that will have to he done in the
spring is lay the rails.
H. Stevenson, the mining man who infused new life into the camp at Ainsworth, has taken to
himself a partner. Miss Kotta l'iiikston. '.The partnership papers were drawn up at Spokane, and Mr. and Airs.
Stevenson are expecled in Ainsworth any day. where
they will reside in future.
The steamers Nelson and Ainsworth
make daily trips one way between Kaslo and Xelson and
round trips on Wednesdays. The leaving lime of both
boats i.s !l a. in., except on Sunday, wnen the .Xelson
leaves Xelson for Ka-lo at.'i p. in.
X. Fitzstubbs. government tigent. has
gone to Victoria, where he expects to remain six weeks.
II. H. Pitts, the Three Forks ..merchant
and postmaster, is oil'to Woodlands, Ontario, on a (i-weeks'
visit to bis parent*.
1 w.-i-te their time nor cnu.iiuie his hy ttn-
I necessary inquii ic . He was one of the
! lew men in London who could, without
' much tumble. deli\er a speech equally
! well in Latin as in English, lie used every
available moiiieiit for reading, in railway
11 .-iiii or carnage. A pat tent exactly hit
off sip \ndrew' Clark when he said that
l he impi es-ion you had ol him. as you Jeft
liis room, was that he considered your
• ■a     oneol the most interesting he had.
on a sleigh road from Bonner's Ferry to
Kootenay hike, to connect tho Croat
Northern railway find Kootenay lake
steamers. The road will run down the
north side of the river instead of the
south tis hist winter. This will shorten
the distance several miles. They will
have the road in operation by the latter
part of next week, find there will be it big
traffic over it this winter. The ranchers
tire building i(;."
A Chapter of Incidents that Happened a Toad
Mountain  Miner.
There is fi man now working-on Toad
mountain who i.s highly respected by fill
who know him. Jiis has been a life of
accidents. Some of his experiences are tis
"I v. .is sliding on  the crust when a boy.
and slid over ft fence, running a stake into
nie and makinga bad wound.    Once,When
my mother was making soap. I saw a dipper   of what  I  thought  was   water find
drank  three swallows.    It proved   to  be
strong lye.  'My mother melted some tallow and gave it  to  me,  find the doctors
said that was all that saved my life.   Four
times I came near getting drowned, twice
breaking through  the ice into the river,
once falling from a raft into the mill pond
and once 1 fell out of a boat into tho river.
1 was nearly killed twice by being thrown
from horses, fell   from a   loaded  team   to
the fro/.en ground find   was picked up for
dead, and fell out of a  wagon and had a
leg caught between the spokes of one of
the wheels.    Once I was drivinga covered
"wagon'when the stanchion boll came out.
letting  the   body  down.    The  rein   hook
caught nie in the forehead, tea ring a great,
gasli.  and  when   1   fell out   1   struck   my
head on the axle.    Twice I fell 12 I'eet from
fistfigiug, once I felldown a trap in a carriage house on a pile of boards below and
started a rib.    I stepped on a scythe and
cut my foot badly find a cake of ice fell on
my foot and  burst upon one of  my toes. :
cut my  ankle   very  badly   with  an   fixe, i
broke    a     needle     in     my    heel,    whii-h  ]
wa.s     not    removed     for    two    months,
find   stepped    on   a    tenpeuiiy   nail   find
drove   it   into   my    foot,   making a    bad
wound,   from   which   pieces   oi  the shoe
find  stocking  were   removed, and   which
had to be ('iit open and  the bone scraped.
1 had fi windlass rope break when trussing
up ft bucket, and  it.  broke out two of my
■ teeth.    I have been  blown up once when
firing   shots,    and    badly    binned   three
times.    My hand   was caught, in the feed
roll of ;i picker.    I   was   badly   hurt  once
with a circular saw and again with a bit/./. |
planer:  fell   on   an   IS-inch   bolt  when   it  \
wa.s running, find on  top of a   1-foot gear j
■when   it was running,   twice have fallen j
down stairs in a mill, the lirst,  time hurt- j
ing my back badly, the second lime star!- ;
ing three of my  ribs.    In the summer of I
IttlJO had fi tree fail on me find   I have not I
recovered from the injuries yet." !
A Great Physician.
The late sir Andrew Clark.'the great
Loudon physician, was st i-ict.l\- economical
of time. A little slip of paper in his dining room was a reflection of this. On it
was written in his own hand words to the
effect that his correspondence needing replies was at. least sixty letters a day.
which, allotting ten niiiuit.es to the aus-
■wering of cfich, would consume ten hours.
'lie therefore begged  his patients nut   to
Stately Bull Pine.s Daily Sing Requiems to
Its Memory.
Northport News. 7th: "Alas, poor Say-
w.-iid! Afterlife's fitlul fe\ er. you sleep
well. and. "like a bright ex ha hi tion in the
e\ oiling.' ha\e disappeared and no man
shall see thee more. Thou li\es| only ill
name and will mi continue tj|| the wintry
storms ha\e worked into nothing that
broad-lettered canvas which bapli/.ed
thee \Sayward." Oh, Sayward, Sayward.
'I were too bad that thy way of life i.s
fallen into the soar, tiie yellow leaf, ere
thou hadst slied thy swaddling clothes,
ere even thou .didst deserve the name of
'pants.' for a brief /space of time thou
didst shineotit like a thing of beauty, and
.Joshua, surnanied Da vies, in all his glory
Was ne'er'arrayed' like thee. But thou
has 'fallen like the 'beautiful snow;' ayo,o
fallen so completely,-that none remain to
do thee honor, find that which we called
Wayward has returned'to its'native wikl-
noss, with the doer find the coyote for its
only occupants, tind while the stately bull
■pine swayed by the'winds make requiem
for thy -.departed greatness and those who
loved find cherished thee are shoveling
snow for a hand-out or a 'morning's
morning." Thy people tire scattered to
the/four corners and their houses have
lioated tiw'iiy on the bosom of the treacherous Columbia, in the shape of rafts,
back to theland of the free and the home
of the.bravo:.and we htive nothing to be
thankful for, unless' it be tliat iu our misery woare blessed witha goodly compuny
of impecunious travelers.
•'The first to go was Tarty O'JTaro. followed quickly by Billy  I. .ellermaii; then
Newcombe quit, and  I. .mlton skipped by
the, light of the moon.    '-You are on the
list.''started  Madden one   morn  ere  the
cock had  thrice saluted  its coming, with
uncle .lohu Robinson   ambling close in his
rear.    Next the Welches, .Larsons. Hales,
and  Yantes,  quietly  pulled   down   their
tents tind from  the hurricane roof of the
Columbia   waved   back   a   hist  farewell.
Then Dr.-Allan, he of thesawand file, got
uneasy and with his friend Baldwin took
leave tit that hour when graveyards ya \vn
find Hudson.' Bay rum i.s smuggled across
the line.    About this time the stampede
became'genera) a nd the Stuarts, C'annups.
Connors. MeCorm'. ;ks, i .inns, etc., passed
away like chaff before a .Kansas cyclone.
Then Porter and  I'ink. ton,.... Ioutgoniery
and   Pali.tor,   and./Stewart   and    Enui's
wiped the manly tear away find said farewell.    .Judge Newton  tarried  not. while
Dannie   McLcod    pressed   the   horse-hair
packet  to   his   heart and  skipped,   with
Jack Pooley-find  George'McDonald holding to his coat tail.   But colonel   Frank
Woodinan, Oh!  where was he?    Quietly
sitting   in   his office .sipping a   hot  rum
toddy, anon looking out upon the stillness
of the hour.   .Surrounded by his own.lon-
liness, his   tlioug-hts   were .afar, find like
cardinal W'olsey he bids farewell to all his
greatness, " soliloquizing  that  this'is the
state of man.    Today he is filling every
ofiieial  position of the town of Sayward,
bearing  his  blushing  honors thick upon
him   with   sauve  dignity,  but tomorrow
thcre  will   be a   killing frost  to   nip Jiis
roost, when he falls as did the cardinal,
his high-blown pride broke under him ancl
■himself left weary and alone to the mercy
■ of a'rude stream.    Vain, pomp, find glory
of this   world   thsit  has   left  me a   poor,
heart-broken wretch,  more  to   be   pitied
than he who hung on prince's favors—but
I here comes the Columbia, find I go hence.
Good-bye old shack; adieu liard old bunk;
la re wei I hobo grub: adios to solitaire; ta,
tfi, British Columbia.    Exeunt Sayward—
off the map and out of date."
Six Feet of Solid Ore.
The -joint tunnel on the Little Phil find
Black Diamond claims at Ainsworth is in
eighty feet, and the owners of these two
properties are just a trifle jubilant, as the
tunnel out a vein of solid ore fully six
I'eet'in breadth. It was expected that a
vein would be struck in that distance, but
as the showing on the surface was not
very promising, the vein was not expected to be large. The ore is as fine-
iooking as that of any mine in the district,
ami runs about 80 ounces in silver find 77)
per conf lend. The main vein for which
the tunnel is headed should be reached
within another sixty feet. "Tom" Mc-
(I'ovorn and captain I lay ward own the
Little Phil: the I .tick Diamond i.s owned
liy John I'". Stevens, chief engineer of the
Great Nort horn r.-iilwa v.
A Inrtfi; anil romplulu slock of I Iu; leading lini-s of
Cor. Baker and
Nelson, B. C.
Central Office
of the
Kootenay Lake
Patent Medicines,
Toilet Articles of
Every Description.
A lnt'KC and complete stock of
Nelson and Kaslo.
f!iii'ry I'oinplctu lines of Fur-
nit uni, ilis woll us iniiniil'iictiii'u
uvuey Ki'iiilc of Mill tros.ses.
Thoy ul.so curry I'iiinos and
Organs.    0'iiilui-tnking.
You Want to Save Money
You can do so by purchasing- your
supplies from us.
We pay cash for everything- which
enables us to sell at lowest rates.
Huclsons' Bay  Conipany.
Baker Street, Nelson.
AGENTS FOR Hiram Walker & Sons, Distillers, Walkerville, Ontario, and Fort
Garry Flour Mills, Manitoba.
Nelson and Kaslo.
Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats with fresh moats, and deliver same at any mine
or landing in   the   Kootenay  Lake country.
NELSON Office and Market, 11 East Baker St.
KASLO MARKET, Front Street.
wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed
meats, have Opened in the Harrett block. West
Maker street, . KI.SOX. and are prepared to
furnish, in any quantity, beef, pork, mutton,
veal, bacon, and ham. at the lowest possible price
Orders   Promptly   Filled.
Breaking With a Steamboat Conipany.
It is now .iven out that I he ( .ui'idiuii
I'acific Kail road ('oiii|);iny has brokon witli
I lir( 'a i Indian I'acific Navi^a Lion Company,
tind that an order has boon placed in .Scotland for a steamship that will be placed
on I li" route lie! ween Vancouver and Victoria. The steamer is to he a sidewheeler,
after llie . t-yle of the vessels plyin,. across
I lie Knjdish channel between I'over and
(.'aliiis. It, will be next in order for Lhe
railway company to break with the Columbia A: Kootenay Steam Navigation
Think Over it,  Mr. Fletcher.
I'ostoffice inspector Fletcher has issued
an order t ha t all mail ma tier for Watson,
Three forks, and New Denver be forwarded from Nelson by way of Kaslo. and
t hat the service from I he laLI.er place will
be ii weekly one. Now. .Mr. Hotelier,
could you not muster up coin-aye lo make
the service ii daily one. The chances are,
the slat,.' company would carry lhe mails
daily for the same pay that is j^iven for
the .'cekly service, and the accommodation would be apprccmlod by the public.
Think over if. .Mr. I 'lelcher.
Malting a Sleig-h Road.
IJouner's   I'Yrry   Herald,  2nd:     ".'.Mines
I'lckerl is in town   to secure  men  to work
Just received a consignment
of Fall and Winter Scotch Suitings and Trouserings, also Worsted Overcoatings.
IF_  J".   SQUIBE,
Corner Ward and  linker .Streets.
Views of the best local and provincial
scenery mounted on Christmas Cards can
now be procured at NEELANDS BROTHERS',
West Baker street, Nelson, where, also,
Steel Engravings, Photogravures, Allotypes, |
Etchings, and Lithographs will be sold at
cost for the next twenty clays. Mouldings
for Frames  and  Picture   Frames  for sale.
The silling of the county court of l.onlf-iuiy. In be
huldi'ii nl Nelson, has been po. . piiued unlil Mondnv. the
iMsl day of May, A. II. I_H.
'I'. II. (II. KIN. I.'egistrar.
Nelson. I!. ('.. December lllh. liKIM.
Complete stocks of all lines
of general merchandise (except
hardware) can be found at Gk A.
BIG-ELOW & CO.'S, East Baker
Street, NBLSOM. Liquors and
cig-ars at wholesale only. Agents for Anheuser-
Busch (St. Louis) beer, the best made in America.
In anticipation of the increased demand for goods that will follow the
opening* up of the famous Silver King mine, and having implicit faith in
the future prosperity of Kootenay in general, and of Nelson in particular,
we have been steadily increasing our stock, and have at present the most
complete assortment of general merchandise in the interior of British
Columbia.    Call and see us and compare prices.
Complete Assortment of Xmas Cards to Arrive About
Staple Stock of Music and Stationery
[othing,. Dry Hoods, Boots, Shoes, Groceries, Hardware, Iron and Sti
E"W" -iDiEusr^riEie,
^.XsrxD     ZST_A.SI'CrSE>
lupplies . and . General. 'Merchant
Gloves, Moccasins, Overshoes, Overrubers, Mackinaw Shirts, German
Socks, Shirts and Underclothing, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,
and the finest and most varied lot of Fall and Winter Suits, Vests,
Coats, and Pants ever shown the public in the Kootenay Lake country.
SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.
E,_t!_3^.TE   _5.__I_0"VC*-_i"ID   B"03R   G-OOI.     BXTILDING-S.
APPLT   ZFOIR.    PEICES,   :M_A._.S,    ZETO-,   TO
FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.
Nothing is so treasured as the holiday gift from a distant relative or friend, and no gift
is more appropriate than the fanciful works of the Jeweler.
JACOB DOVER, Jeweler, Houston Block, Nelson.


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