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The Tribune Dec 1, 1894

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 > '   ���   - ���__ I-������_r_�����IQ-.���f���i -" "-_.__������< ____.____�����_ _1��_r n__i_ i_f.^._.�� ____&_ __��_K__jr_B ____. __;_���__��__ .___.^_EV___. ^"-^^g.-Rrf-J* J-ug-^fl ^__r^  KOOTENAY  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of  Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver, '  Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in Producing Mines.  ��To�� ., b; g*  RAILROADS  Already Completed or Under Construction and'  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make  th*  Mining   Camps  and  Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the  Year   Round.  THIRD   FEAR.-NO.  NELSON, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER I,   1804.  TWO DOLLARS A YEAR.  r.  RETROSPECTIVE AND PROSPECTIVE.  The Present Compar . with the Past���Will  Like Progress be Made in the Future.  All new mining countries need capital  to develop latent resources, and to secure  the necessary sinews ��� of war to make a  region productive and profitable, it is the  duty of every one who has the welfare  of a section at heart to use their utmost  endeavors to present/Tacts' to the world;  so that capital may be induced to come  and invest. The first question usually  asked by the intending investor is, What  are the resources of the country au,d what  is its possible future productiveness?  The local press of the section in which  Ave reside, in a great measure, answer  these questions from week to week.by recording news of late strikes and publishing lists of outputs, etc., but this does not  '^always supply the demand for informa-  i/ion wliich the busy man seeks. Hence a  retrospective view is sometimes necessary. ,  The first mineral locations on Kootenay.  lake were made, with the exception of the  Blue Bell, in 18.2, prior to the completion  of either the Northern or Canadian Pacific  railways. At that time the country was  very difficult of access. The former railway line being finished in 1883 and the  latter in 1885 in a-measure brought civilization nearer "a mineral section which  gives indisputable evidence of being one  of the greatest on earth.  The approach of the two great transcontinental   lines   named   was   the  real  dawn of prospecting and development on  the mineral-ribbed -mountains surrounding Kootenay lake, yet the hardy prospector had no light task to perforin when  it came to keeping up his stock of supplies.  To reach" the country from  the south, in  those days, the Northern Pacific road was  left at Sand Point, in Idaho; thence the  old Wild Horse trail was followed to Bonner's Ferry, a distance of 38 miles; thence  a trip of l;10 miles in a row-boat by river  tind lake brought one to the scene of the  first discoveries.   From; the   north,   the  . traveler turned his back upon the Canadian Pacific,  at  Revelstoke;   thence   150  miles down the Columbia river in a row-  boat  to  the   mouth   of   the   Koolenay;  thence 28 miles up that stream by trail to  the point where Nelson now stands; from  whence row-boats or canoes could again  , be' takeiv to   the  mining  camps,  thirty  ���   miles distant. In 1888, small steamers took  '  the place of canoes and row-boats for tho  . i- transportation of passengers and freight,  and  by that time the   possibilities and  magnitude of the country were beginning,  to  be known.   The Great Northern and  Spokane &��� Northern railwtiys were projected  to reach   navigable waters.   The  year 1891 saw the Columbia & Kootenay  railway, from Columbia river to Nelson,  completed;   in  1892 the Great  Northern  reached Bonner's Ferry, and the Spokane  &  Northern reached navigable water on  -the Columbia at Northport; in  1893 the  Nelson 6c Fort Sheppard was completed  from Nelson  to the international  boundary line, where  connection  was  made  Avith the Spokane <fc Northern, and work  commenced on  the Nakusp ��fc Slocan, a  road which has just been completed, and  which gi\es Slocan district rail connection with navigable water on the Columbia river.   Palatial steamers now plough  the waters of Kootenay lake and river in  place of the small steam launches of days  gone by, and a serviceable steamer has  been plying on Slocan lake for the past  two years.   Such, up to date, is the history of the transportation facilities with  which the  country is  afforded,  to  say  nothing of what are projected and as yet  are only on paper.' Prospecting for and  the.development of mines kept pace' with  the rapid increase of transportation facilities.   Towns were built where needed,  and the comforts of.a modern civilization  are to be had ou every hand.  The industrious prospector has proven  beyond question that Kootenay has miues  that will produce gold, silver, nickel, copper, and lead in paying quantities, as well  as large deposits of iron, limestone, etc.,  suitable for fluxing purposes in smelting  operations. To such an extent has the  mineral resources of the country been developed tliat ample capital has been procured for the erection and operation of  one extensive smelting plant, and. doubtless, others will follow. Few reali/.e'the  importance of having one or more local  smelters. The advantages are so many  and varied it would be impossible to  enumerate them all iu this article; suflice  to say, the miner sells his ore at home, lie  gets quick returns and has the satisfaction of seeing his product sampled if lie  so desires, lie saves greatly in transportation, as from 27) to 50 per cent, if his  ore is galena or carbonates--is dross or  waste; besides, the wages for manipulating the ore, from mining the crude product to refining,and possibly manufacturing, is kept at home, where everyone receives a direct benefit from it. To give  some idea of the local pay-roll of a lead  .smelter, simply for reducing the ore, the  following figures are compiled, based on a  .'.stack, works, each stack having a capacity of eighty tons per twenty-four hours :  Number  Tot ill  Number  of hours  WilBUrt  Wiltfc'S  of inuii.  work.  iier day.  per day.  Furnace men 21  X  .*?: i (Hi  S72 IH)  Furnace feeders    II  ��  A Oil  27 (HI  W heelers      !l  K  ���2. ���Ill  21 it)  SliifjT piukui'H    (i  10  2 ;')()  Ifi on  ItnustaboiilH  2U  III  2 . 1  fill 00  IOiigino drivers      ..   2  li  1 .VI  !l 00  Firemen       '2  1*.'  :i i.o  li 00  Hlnok_nll.il        1  III  1 llll  1 DO  Helper     1  III  2 fill  ���_' all  Roasters   IK  8  2 -;>  1!) fill  Samplers     1  III  2 7f>  II llll  Wlif.T'litiK fuel     II  8  2 fill  22 fit)  Weigher       1  III  :t im  II IK)  Chemist    1  7 00  7 00  Assayer     1  .,  1 00  1 IH)  Hookkci'i .r    1  ..  i ..)  1 _)  To the above may be added manager's  salary, persons employed on repairs, etc.,  and the cost of operating the smelter mentioned would foot up fully $100 per day.  To get at- the complete local pay-roll,  however, the supplies that are collected  locally must be taken into consideration.  The approximate quadtiesand prices can  be given, but the number of men employed is difficult to estimate, yet it till forms  a local pay-roll. The following quantities  and and, figures for each day's consumption tire as near as can be'arrived at:  Twenty tons lime rock, ut ��.'i per Ion..  Forty tons iron ore, at ��8 per ton...  Thirty tons charcoal, at Si I per Ion.....  Twelve cords wood, at 82.;IO per ton ...  Total....    Add .smeller pay-roll ........ ....'���   S 110 00   : ,iI 00  .  ...  180 00  ...... ' 30 00  ,��i51,0 00  .  307 50  .... :......8!)7;'0  T��U1 1"!'  .;_; .vi  Grand total..   Chemicals required, coko for fuel, machinery supplies, .oils, etc., and possibly  other necessaries, are not figured in the  above estimates, as they are not produced  at home.  Oue '..-stack lead smelter with a total  daily capacity of 2-10 tons of ore is now  practically.completed in the mining country in which we live. That there is ample  ore to keep it in continuous operation no  one disputes who has visited and examined the many ��� productive mines-ot" the  several districts. The ores required by a  lead smelter are galena or carbonates  and what are termed "dry" silver ores,  that is, silver ore which contains no lead.  The proportion, approximateIy,-\vould be  one ton of lead ore to four tons of "dry"  ore. The supply of "dry" ore has long  been a question of doubt among smelter  men who have looked toward the northwest as an available point,wherein to reduce ores profitably by the smelting process. There is little room for doubt but  what Kootenay lake and adjacent sections  can 'furnish all -'that may be required.  Two fairly well developed mines at Ainsworth, the Skyline and Number One, can  produce considerable quantities. Then  there is the "dry" ore belt of the Slocan  which has been traced from the north  fork of Carpenter creek eastward to Blue  Ridge creek, within ten miles of Kootenay lake. Outside of tliese, there are the  copper-silver ores of Toad .mountain and  of White Grouse'mountain," which would  make an admirable "dry" ore, but whether  ti lead smelter could handle the copper  product at a profit to both miner and  smelter, the writer, at this time, is not  prepared to say.  It is notabsolutelynecessarytou.secoke  for fuel in lead smelting, as many may  suppose. Charcoal answers the purpose  very well, although the process i.s much  more satisfactory if coke can-be had to  mix with the soft fuel. The writer was  once employed at a lead smelter, which  was situated -100 miles from a railway line,  making it impossible to secure coke.  Charcoal was the only fuel used, and the  works were operated successfully, and are  to this day. Yet for the past ten or  twelve years a railway line passes within  four miles of the works; since its advent,  however, more or less coke lias been used.  According to the verdict of experts, there  is sufficient timber for charcoal on the  borders of Kootenay lake to last any possible smelters that- may be established  for ages to come.  A brief description of the manner of  reducing ores to bullion by the smelting  process may not be out of place in this  article, although a few of the minor details are left out. In the first place, ores  containing lead must be obtained, as the  lead is the metal which passing through  the molten mass in the furnace collects  the nobler metals, holding them until  they are separated by refining.  Silicious, or "dry" silver ore is the next  needed material; then iron ore, the sesqui-  oxide or hematite is the best, metallic  iron, such as scrap., tin cans, etc., is useful, provided there is much sulphur in the  ores. Iu the absence of the most useful  iron, pyrites or pyrrhotite, both being  sulphides, can be used. Lime rock conies  next on ihe list. Then fuel. Often the  metallurgist will use a quantity of slag tis  ii fluxing agent, and if there is danger of  the furnace "freezing," quantities of the  base bullion or lead pig or bars are fed  into the furnace. In these days brains  are a great adjunct to successful reduction, hence the analysist of the works  thoroughly analyses everything that goes  into a charge, including the fuel. By so  doing it is known to a nicety just what  proportions of each material to use, so  that they will fuse readily and make a  complete separation of the valuable metals from the worthless or dross. The  proper quantity of each kind of ore and  the different fluxing materials are carefully   weighed, the   fuel   is   generally  measured, mixed, and spread on the bedding lloor, from which it is .shoveled into  the furnace, where lire, intensified by an  air blast from a blower, reduces it to a  molten mass. The lower part of a water  jacket or lead smelting furnace is called  the crucible. To this poinl the molten  lead naturally gravitates, carrying, as  stated above, the nobler metals with it.  The slag or worthless matter is drawn off  at intervals above the crucible through  apertures provided for that purpose.  When the crucible is filled with metal  it overflows through what is generally  termed a siphon tap, from which it drops  into the "well,"a hole in the ground near  the furnace, whicli is especially prepared  for the purpose. From tho "well" the  metal, while in a molten state, is ladled  into molds, which gives it the shape of  bars or pigs.  Iu this base bullion is the gold and silver aiifl 7.1 per cent copper, provided the  ores carry that much copper, as that is  the quantity lead will absorb, Should  there be an excess of this amount of copper, it being of less specific gravity than  the lead, it rises to the top of the "well,"  congeals and i.s raked oil'. This is what is  termed copper "matie."    Should the ores  be rich in copper, a portion will flow out  with-the slag, as the slag is caught iu  round iron pots narrowing to the bottom,  the copper settles to the bottom of the  'pot, when the slag cools and i.s dumped,  it is in the form of a conical shaped,"button,!' and the .-copper will be found on its  apex, from whicli it is easily broken by a  blow from a.'hammer. Should ..a refinery  be in connection with a smelting plant,  the bars of .bullion pass through that manipulation, of which there are* three processes in general use, namely,��� crystalizd-  tion, eupelation, and zinc, neither of  which can be described in this space.  As galena ores naturally carry sulphur,  they being the sulphide of lead, ancl other  ores containing- the -siiiie -mineral in  greater, or less quantities, reverbatory  roasting furnaces���sometimes erroneously  .called caleiners���are used. Here, by using  cord wood as a fuel, the sulphur is expelled' by, the aid of heat, and the ore, if  fine, such as concentrates, is slagged so as'  to i be fed in the smelting furnace in  chunks, as fine ore or dust is liable to be  blown out of the furnace by the powerful  air blast.  One'3-stack smelting 'plant will soon be  in operation at Pilot Bay, on Kootenay  lake, and,'ho doubt in time there will be  others. - -Copper smelters, or ���matting:  works, are likely to be erected in the near  future; very probably one will be erected  during the year 1895.  Randall II. K_mi\  November 24th, 189-1.  A Proposed Silver Combination.  Daniel Gugginheimer. president of the;  Gugginheimer.Silver Smelting & Refining:  Company, has returned to New York city  from Denver.   Gugginheimer attended a  conference in which all the large smelting  interests in the United States were represented.   It is one-of the first conferences,  of the kind ever held in the United States,  and the results hoped to be achieved by-  it will very likely have a marked effect on  tlie-silver markets of-the.world.  Mr. Gugginheimer said: "We met simply for the purpose of investigating the  practicability ancl advisability of the silver smelters and refineries disposing of  their product through a central coui-  ���inittees.il) New York. The-price'of'our  silver at the smelters, despite the fact that  we control the world's market for this  'commodity, is made in London. The  committee" appointed' to investigate the  advisability of .arranging all business  through the central committee in New  York consists of Guy C. Barton, A. ii.  Myer, and myself. Our object in bring-',  ingabout the sale of silver in this manner is to eliminate the speculation in  silver which is now carried on by brokers  dealing in this commodity. In this way  Ave hope to keep the price stable and to  be able to tell just where we stand. Another thing we hope to tlo is to market  our own product. The big buyers of silver are now India, China and Japan.  They buy our silver through London.  There is no good reason why this should  be so.    We should sell to them direct."  Representatives were in attendance  from the National ancl Aurora refineries  of Chicago, the Kansas City refinery, the  Pueblo Smelting & Refining Company,  the Selby works in San Francisco, the  Philadelphia Smelting & Refining Company, the Pennsylvania Lead Company of  Pittsburg, the Newark, New Jersey, refinery, the Omaha 6c Grant refinery, the  Globe of Denver, and the Ilanauer of Salt-  Lake.    The Silver Question.  Salt Lake Tribune: "There i.s nothing  that gives a dollar's worth of gold the capacity just now to purchase two dollar's  worth of anything else that men produce,  except some arbitrary legislation by the  nations of the earth. The object of silver  men is to take that 100 per cent inflation  of gold away by doubling the money of  the world and by using for that purpose  that metal which, up to the time the nations combined to degrade it, wa.s worth,  in our country tit least, a premium over,  gold. There isadirectconnection between  this and real money. What we mean by  real money, i.s that money which, in iiny  place and under all circumstances in.a  country, will pay a debt. For this purpose but two substances hn.ve thus far  been discovered which will answer. The  one is gold, the other is silver, and notwithstanding when the nation was overwhelmed with debt, by a trick of the interest-gatherers one-half of this material  was stricken down by legislation, the innate divinity within it maintained itself,  and it buys just as much of this world's  goods excepting gold as it ever did. iind  the cry for free silver is not, as these  harpies of the east would seek to carry  the idea, for the purpose of helping sonic  silver miners, because there is not one in  ten thousand of the people of the United  States who have the slightest direct interest in silver milling. It is in the interest of the men who are the producers of  the country, beciiu.se by raising the price  of silver, at the saint* time the price of all  they produce will be advanced accordingly, iind there would be some possibility of their [laying their debts: and we  beg further to say'that unless this shall  be done, the advantages gained by the  Republicans will only last until the people once more get a clmioe at the polls."  Little of Interest Transacted.  The only business transacted by the legislature for the week ending Monday hist  was the passage of the bill in regard lo  the contested election case from Kast  Lillooet. Mr. Prentice, the sitting member, and Mr. Stodtlart, the defeated candidate, will have to light it out again in  the spring.  ALCOHOL   AND   HAPPINESS.  A German Professor Claims that Mankind are  Made Miserable by Drink.  That 'alcohol' injures can be readily seen  in the liver, kidneys, and stomach of a  drunkard, ;pid also in more delicate  changes of the elements revealed by a  microscope, where the quantity taken has  been even a small one. A physiological  examination proves always-.beyond a  doubt that, where any appreciable quantity of alcohol has been taken, there are  changes in the body substance, not always indeed wholly proportionate to-'tiie.  quantity taken, because the living elements have always more or less power to  resist and overcome.  But 1 am not to deal with,dangers and  'consequences from the use of alcohol,'but  with the problem of possible pleasure in  existence without it. Let us see what  pleasure does come from its use. While  .the influence of alcohol on the elements of  the body is so evident and ..important, it'  is yet only as that influence touches the  nerves.that we are conscious of it. This  becomes real to us in two ways: first,  through the senses of taste and smell as it  touches the outward .-''body; secondly,  when it has entered into the blood and  begins its chemical working in the nerve  centers. How far shall we count these influences pleasurable?-���'��� We 'are wont to  count them one, but in a physiological  sense they are, very different, resulting  from the action .of very different parts'of  the drink taken. Wine, for instance, is  made up of six elements, five of which  give the taste, the sixth the fragrance of  the wine. Oue of the five is alcohol, the  only one wliich cannot be enjoyed-alone,  and is never taken alone except by the  man whose sense of taste has been-utterly  destroyed. We can take the elements of  wine which do'please our taste and make  a better drink Avithout alcohol. It needs  only that a sufficient number.of men resolve upon such a course.  But the effect,.of wine upon  the brain  and other nerve centers is that of the alcohol alone.   To understand it physiologically one must remember-.the ordinary  action of the nerves.   An impression from  without meets us, the nerves carry it to  the  nerve  center,   and a -movement or  other expression results.   The movement  does not. however, always-accompany the  sensation   directly.   In   reading,. for  instance, one may, indefinitely .postpone any  ���expression of received impressions; and  ..then a single action may express-a mini-'  bet* of -stored-up  impressions,  or again,,  one impression may call forth a number  of movements.   Man lias learned in some  sense to measure the relation  of movement to sensation���as to rapidity of move-  .nient and as  to the relative strength of  the two.    It is found, first, that the sharpness and certainty of sensations are modified by even small doses of alcohol, completely deadened or destroyed  by large  quantities.   Secondly, as to the expression of sensation  in  motion, small (loses  of alcohol increase the quickness of that  expression.'   Large closes make it slower  and more slow, until at last there is no  expression.    Thirdly,   as   to   the. movements themselves, small doses make them  more rapid but less sure of attaining the  end  sought; large, doses   tend  to make  movements impossible.   And popular experience bears   witness to the  truth of  these three statements, only the masses  cannot understand how the rapidity with  whicli action follows impression and rapidity of  action   itself are increased   by  small doses, but decreased by larger quantities;   and  the friends of alcohol  have  claimed chat the difference between small  and large closes is real, not of degree, and  really distinguishes the moderation of llie  wise man from the madness of the foolish.  But.science has proved that this contradiction  is only apparent.   The same increased rapidity of expression of it sensation is noticed when the brain is stupefied,  and the greatest rapidity results when the  brain is entirely separated from the other  centers.    Reflex action is more sudden tind  more   rapid   than  brain action.   So the  influence of alcohol is exactly  a.s  if the  brain were cut away.   The man no longer  stops to consider the whole situation, to  make use of the impressions of former experiences stored   away in   his  brain,  or  weigh  present obligations,  aud   the   sly  saloon keeper well understands this.   The  man   who   would   engage;   another   in a  brawl or cajole a secret from him knows  well how alcohol  dethrones reason  mid  loosens   the   tongue.    And  a.s  more and  mote is taken,   the stupel'yiiig_ inlluence  reaches lower and   lower,   until   at hist,  even reflex action is imperfect and slow.  If this then is the influence, where is the  pleasure in it? It is uot my object, however, to depict the danger iind consequences from such disturbances of brain functions, but to ask only in what then consists the pleasure which alcohol firings us?  The fact that so many men stick this condition, even passionately seek and value  tind prefer it to others, must have deep  psychological ground. I will only say in  passing that men differ as to the particular time of richest delight, some choosing  the very beginning, others the time when  sleepiness aud thoughtl'iilness have come,  still others the perfectly senseless condition; hut the inlluence of alcohol is still  the same;, sometimes-on tt smaller, sometimes on a larger proportion to the nervous system. How does it increase the  feeling of happiness? The hotly uses its I  [lowers in resisting the outside forces  which act upon'it. Normally, t here is a  balance between body and environment.  If environment prevails wean* discouraged: if we are able to prevail, our spirits  rise find our happiness grows. And it is  not I'or the moment only, but wo compare  the accumulated impressions of the powers outside of us with  the powers which  our brains develop, ancl tire happy or unhappy according as w'c feel our superior  ity or otherwise. .Just how much does  alcohol 'interfere in "this balance of powers? .if clearly cannot lessen the power  of outside influences .which, harm-us; it  can as clearly not increase our own powers so far as they enter into , this conflict  with the outside world���it rather makes  us loss skillful and able. What can it do,  then . - It can deceive us. Jt dulls our appreciation of powers outside of us until  they seem so ���much .smaller that we are  sure we can conquer them, and so we gain  a feeling of satisfaction. Nine-tenths of  those who take strong drink seek this  feeling in.alcohol. This is their "refreshing" at eventide, their '"rest from the  day's cares,"-their forgetfulness of sorrows; but it rests upon 'a. deceit, and at  the least trial falls into 'ruin.,; He. who today forgets he is not any stronger tomoi-  row, and so is constantly tempted to a  'new appeal'to' his false friend, until his  senses are so dulled that every duty is forgotten. His holiest interests are but  shadow's aiid mists before his eyes, and he  knows nothing more but thirst for the  deceitful drink, liven the defenders of  ..alcohol at last will a halt: but they have  forgotten that the first steps are much  more easily undone than the later ones,  when the brain has, in a measure, lost  its power to control. They do not forget  through malice, but because they have  not rightly understood the physiological  effect of alcohol.  Revenue Improperly Credited.  Mr. Graham, the member from east Yale,  evidently wants to know* the reason why  the government has been so lax in collecting timber dues. On Monday he moved  that an order of the house be granted for  a return of all timber dues collected from  preemptors to the east of the Cascades,  and of the amounts collected by the different officials. From the returns for the  year ending June 30th, 18$)-!, it seems that  all bhe revenue paid by the owners of sawmills and timber leases in West Kootenay  ���'.was the small-sum of $103. During that-  year there were sawmills in operation at  Revelstoke, at Nakusp, at the head of  Slocan lake, on Slocan' lake opposite New  Denver, at. Watson,'at Kaslo, at Nelson,  and at Waneta. Much of the country is  covered With timber leases. Yet, notwithstanding these conditions, only $103  were collected as taxes. But. possibly,  the returns are incorrect, in this way:  revenue paid by West Kootenay sawmill  men is credited to Victoria, as is done in  other sources of revenue, particularly the  sale of .law stamps. The manager of the  Nelson Sawmill Company produces receipts showing that his company paid  nearly $300 as royalties and timber dues.  Thatthe district only paid $49.05 for law-  stamps is absurd. Ten times that sum  would not cover the amount that was  paid for law stamps in West.Kootenay  for the year ending .June 80th, 1S9-I.  New Diphtheria Cure.  Of all the foes of domestic life diphtheria is perhaps most dreaded. Great  therefore is the relief-of those heads of  families who have noted the discovery by  professor Behring of Halle of what is declared to be tin absolutely efficient cure  for that terrible disease. Mis method is  inoculation with blood serum, and it is  said that out of seventy-eight diphtheria  patients thus treated in Berlin only two  died. Out of {mother group of seventy-  two diphtheria patients in the same city  who were treated in the old way twenty-  fivedied. It is interesting to contemplate  the results possible if the method of inoculation becomes applicable to many more  diseases. What a quantity of incongruous elements may some time meet in the  human system! Meanwhile let us hope  for- that millennium of sanitation when  diseases like diphtheria will not exist iit  till.    The Highest Bridge.  The highest bridge of tiny kind in the  world issiiid to be the Leo river viaduct,  on the An lo fa gas La railway, in Bolivia.  South America. The place where this  highest nul way structure has been erected  is over the Mclo rapids in the upper Andes, ,*iiid between the two sides of a canyon, wliich is situated 10.0(H) feet above  the level of the Pacific, (.'oiiutiug from  the surface of the stream to Ihe level of  tiie iails, this celebrated bridge is exactly  080k feet in height. The length of the  principal span is SO feet, and the distance  between abut-menls (total length of the  bridge) is S0_ feet. The largest column i.s  311 feet 2 inches long, and the batter of  the pier, what is known to bridge builders  as "one in three." The gunge of the road  is 2 feet (i inches, and trains cross the  bridge ill the speed of thirty miles tin  hour.  Births, Marriages, and Deaths,  for the year I SIM. the returns show that  there were 1211 births, 821 deaths, and (510  marriages in British Columbia. Of the  births. Kootenay wjis the birthplace of  _() boys and 32 girls. Of the marriage contracts carried out iu Kootenay. the high  contracting parlies in I event wen; both  Kpiscopaliaus: iu 2. were both Lutherans;  and in 1, tlm bride and groom were not of  one opinion its regards religious belief.  Kootenay had a total of'21 deaths.  A Cut In Steamboat PareH.  The Columbia ��. Kootenay Steam Navigation ('oinpany lias made a reduction in  lares on Kootcuav lake, as follows:  Hi-I ween  Ni.-Nnn iinil Kii .ii   Xcl. .in "nil Aiiwwoi'lli   Nolson iinil I'ilut liny  Nelson mill K'u. .ii iriiiiml trip!  Old rule. New* ruin.   ���}*.�� i. *?i :*)  ...   \ iti i iki      I IK) I  (Ml  , ... :i iki i .'iii  THE   MINES   AND   THEIR   OUTPUT.  The  Week's  Shipments   not   Large,  but   the  Month's Fairly Rood.  Tons  THAU, CltKKK'  IIISTKICT.  November 21. -I_ Wol niinu  20  Mi.-l,o Kni mine  25  SI.OCAN  lUSTHICT.  November 22.--Alpha mine, to Oinulin ���  is  20.-Fisher Maiden, to Grail Kails  .'IS  Total..  08  Approximate Value.  I rail Creek district ore foold)  $."_���  ���jloenii district ore (silver and lead)     3,300  Total    Previously reported   Total, no far, for month of November.  ... 7..V_  ..  9o.llOO  ..lf_,._i  The Kaslo Creek Placer Diggings.  The gold excitement at Kaslo i.s like  Baiupio's ghost, it will not down. Neither  snow nor frost nor none other of the elements dampen the ardor of the local gold  bugs. On Friday night of last week a  number of the< boys were out staking  claims by the light of lanterns. John  Keen was called out of bed at 5 o'clock in  the morning to issue a free miners' certificate to a gold-hungry man. The same  forenoon ten claims were recorded as  soon as the recording oilice was opened.  Claim jumping, it is said, is getting to be  fashionable, and 'many--fine-points of the  '.'placer-.mining'.'act are discussed iu the  hotels and saloons. The Kasloite now  who does not pack a vial in ���his vest  pocket-, and.;., exhibit a few small nuggets  and dust on i he slightest provocation i.s  not really in it. Billy Lynch, who. is a  veteran among the sluice-boxes and other  dicta of placer mining, is of the opinion  that from $4 to $5 a day diggings will be  found on the creek; that the wash is a  very old one, and that the diggings will be  pot-holes and not a continuous pay-streak.  He is now superintendent for a local syndicate who have their headquarters at  the hotel Slocan._______  Beginning to Move.  Ore is again moving from several of the  mines in Slocan district. The.-sleigh-road  from Sandon to Three Forks is in pretty  good condition, and the rawhide trails  will soon be. Four-horse teams now haul  fifty hundred from the Slocan Star to  Three Forks, and if the animals were fed  oats they could haul as much ..in ore. The  Gillis boys have, the contract for hauling  the Noble Five ore, and a contract has  been awarded to another party for the  Rico ore. XV. Ii. Taylor, superintendent  of the Bluebird, is making preparations  to ship from a claim he -has about a.mile  above Sandon.  A strike ancl a Snowslide.  About sixty of the men at work on the  Idaho-Alamo mines road struck this week  for a raise in wages���they were getting  $2.50 and wanted $3. As the road i.s uear-  ing completion, they were paid off. Several snow-slides .have come down on the  road lately, a man getting caught in one.  lie was dug out uninjured.  Returns Were Satisfactory.  Mighty tons of Silver Kingoreare in the  oreshed at the government wharf, and  forty tons more are being sacked for  shipment, part of which will goto Omaha  jind part to another smelter. The returns  from the shipment made to Omaha were  very satisfactory.  It is a Crime to Differ in Opinion.  One of Victoria's publications, which  claims to be a commercial journal for the  entire province, thus speaks of those opposed to the Davie government: "Mr.  Semlin iind his opposition following say  there is little to warrant any hopefulness.  Still they remain in the country. What  for? I.s it to endeavor to ruin the province, to oust tho government, and fatten  like vultures on the remains?" Ti-til, ,  One must not have a different opinion  from the government and its followers.  If the government is reckless and extravagant in spending money that it has not  got on hand, which is the more likely to  bring ruin to the province: the man who  is willing to allow the government to go  on in its extravagance or the man who  would have the government confine its  expenditures within its income? It has  never before been considered a crime in  other provinces in the Dominion for men  who differ as lo the best methods to conduct public a flairs to strive to obtain oflice, and why should it be considered a  crime to make an attempt to oust the  Da  l��  avii! government from oflice in # this  ���ovince? The opposition are not likely  i.o fatten on anything the Davie party  leave behind, foi* lhe latter are taking  everything in sight, even the deposits of  i i lies' late estates.  Pertinent Questions.  According to the public accounts, A. L.  .McDonald was paid $!MJ for constructing  a lockup'at Kaslo and F. .M. Gray .('I for  painting the same, The work is purported  to have been done by contract. For constructing a recorder's office at Kaslo, A.  D. McDonald was paid $501,; for plans,  specifications, and supei inteiidence, .1.  I'.iston was paid $SI.]5: for plastering, .1.  II. Tnyiiton was paid $50: for painting,  I*'. 1 . Cray was paid $'!2. Messrs. McDonald. Taynton.aiid Gray are purported  as having done the work by contract. The  above would indicate lhat two separate  buildings were erected at Kaslo. A.s a  matter of fact, but one building was  erected. If so. why was A. D. McDonald  given two separate contracts for the same  building? Or, wa.s the work done by contract.  i-t  ���Tvj-i-yr  Mm y. ������ jiip.  Y. "������ *_*!a,*w*^-r_-JWJWf. o��r;_��j'A:,-v_^^^  -flMa_a__M_tfart__^^  Mm ���Hii*^l*CTI^J--_i_i_[ __*Ai__m7___M ���'"M^ nrTlllifil,." WiW^ HJjVifll^i.. ..*-IM__r_^-^  2  THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER  1,   1894.  much money, but we are doing lots of business.  ro/n December  SOAPS  COLGATE'S Cashmere Bouquet .....8 cakes for  COLGATE'S Turkish I .1 th per dozen cakes,  COLGATE'S White Clematis 3 cakes for 50  KIRK'S Cocoanut Oil per dozen cakes, 00  CUTJCUEA per cake, 25  47LJ. per box. CO  PACKER'S Tar per box, 75  TAYLOR'S  Oatmeal per box, 40  PEARS' Unscented 0 cakes for  $1 00  $1 00  cents  cents  cents-  cents  cents  cents  $1 00  BRUSHES   .  HAIR, TOOTH, NATL, SHAVrNG, BATH, and CLOTH BRUSHES    at cost  TOOTH PREPARATIONS  TEABERRY, 25 cents; ' RUBIFOAM, 25 cent.s; COLGATE'S RINCE  BOUCHE, 75 cents; ORIENTAL TOOTH PASTE, 50 cents;  LYMAN'S CHERRY TOOTH PASTE, 25 cents; SHEFFIELD'S  TOOTH  CREAM, 25 cents. *  Fop one week only, we offer  Two Packages Sicily  Bird Seed for 25 cents.  All  goods booked will be charged  REGULAR PRICES.  at  Oup Christmas Goods are on  the way. Wait and see them.  FACE PREPARATIONS  FELIX GOURAUD 0111ENTAL CREAM $1 50 per bottle  - .LAGAN'S 'MAGNOLIA BALM (55 cents  POZZONJ'S COMPLEXION POWDER ������'.' 50 cents  SAUNDERS' FACE POWDER. 40 cents  LARLAGT-IE  PACK  POWDER.: 50 cents  MRS. AYER'S RECAMI ER FACE   POWDER 00 cents  TETLOWS SWAN-DOWN FACE POWDER 25 cents  HOG ER & GALLET  FACE POWDER. -50 cents  WISDOM'S ROBERTTNE.      75 cents  EUGENE  ENAMEL $1 00  TAITAN'S  ERMINIE (POWDER) : 75 cent*  MBS. AYER'S RECAMlER CREAM.....,. $1 25  i\I RS. AYER'S RECAMIER BALM $1 25  HINDS' ALMOND CREAM.    50 cents  PERFUMERY  LO BIN'S, 75 cents;  ROGER & GALLET, $1 25;   RICKSECKER'S,  less  than cost;   MURRAY & LANMAN'S   FLORIDA WATER, 50'  cents;   RICKSECKER'S  TOILET  WATERS,  $1;  COLGATE'S  VIOLET   WATER,' 75 cent.s;   REIGER'S  TOILET   WATERS,  less than cost;  CROWN CRAB APPLE BLOSSOM, 75 cents.  MISCELLANEOUS        .  ALL KINDS OF FOR US PLASTERS 25 cents  GLASS STOPPER FEEDING BOTTLES 25 cents  I. i. W. MORPHINE........ 50 cents a bottle  LIM E WATER .... 5 cents a gallon  Corner Baker and Josephine Streets, Nelson, Bpitish Columbia.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNE is published on .Saturdays, by John-  Houston & Co., and will be mailed to subscribers  on payment of Two Dom.aks a year. Nosub.-.ription  taken for less than a vear.  x.KGULAR ADVERTISKMENTS printed at the following rates: One inch, S-'IG a year: two inches,  ?60 a year; three inches ��81 a year: four inches,  $96 a year; five inches, ��10.j a year; six inches and  over, ut the rate of .1.50 an inch per mouth.  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS 20 cents a line for  first insertion ancl 10 cents a lino for each additional  insertion.   Birth, marriage, and (loath notices free.  LOCAL OR READING MATTER NOTICES 25 cents a  line each insertion.  JOB PRINTING at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRESS all communications to  THE TRIBUNE. Nelson, B. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  ms 8  DiiABAU, M.U.���Physician and Surgeon.   Roo  ��� ^and I Houston block. Nelson.   Telephone 12,  LR. HARRISON, B. A.���Barrister at Law, Convey-  �� ancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking Afli-  davits for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc.  Offices���Ward St., between Baker and Vernon, Nelson.  SATURDAY MORNING.  ....DECEMBER I, 1804  HE   COMES   HIGH.  Thk Tribune has a libel suit to defend.  It is nominally instituted by an oflicial in  West Kootenay district, au oflicial who is  under the especial care and "protection of  premier Davie,���were he uot he would not  be an official in West Kootenay or anywhere else in this province. One of the  causes that led up to the institution of  the libel suit was that The Tribune believed John Sanderson told the truth  when he stated that captain 1< .tzstubbs  gave as a reason for placing a "dead man"  ou a pay-roll, that he had to do no iu  order to keep even, as the government  made him no allowance for traveling expenses. The "dead-man" irregularity occurred during the financial year ending  June 30th, 18!_. For the financial year  ending June .':50th, 18SH, captain Fitzstubbs  evidently made au arrangement whereby  he could pay his traveling expenses without resorting to irregular methods.  For the ..05 days  in  the year  ending  June 30th,  18(51, captain  Fitzstubbs was  paid $1020 as wages for his services as  gold commissioner and stipendiary magistrate, or more properly speaking for services a.s government agent and  assistant  commissioner of lands and works, for he  allowed others to perforin the duties of  gold commissioner and stipendiary magistrate.    During the year he was absent 120  days in Victoria: (50 days in the  winter,  presumably on oflicial business but really  on pleasure, Victoria being a more pleasant place in   which   to pass  the winter  months  than Kootenay, and (50 days in  the spring, on sick  leave.   The 21.5 days  that he was in Kootenay were apparently  spent in traveling from place to place.  As gold commissioner he wa.s allowed  expenses of $.. a day for 133 days.   As distributing collector of voters he was paid J  H traveling allowance of .-j>l()5, which at #5 j  a clay would mean 21 days. During these  154 days he drew $2(50.35 for fares, horse  hire, etc., or $1.72 a day," which with the  $5 a day traveling allowance makes $0.72  a day. For inspecting roads, etc., he drew  $73.25, which at $0.72 a day is 10 days  more. Sums aggregating $140.45 were  paid for traveling expenses inspecting the  Kaslo wagon road and the wharf at New  Denver. Whether or not captain Fitzstubbs or chief engineer Gillette drew the  money is difficult to determine, but in  both items the words "governmeutagent"  appear, so we will say that captain Fitzstubbs drew half the amount, which at  $0.72 a day means 10 days more. This  gives a total of 174days spent in traveling.  The remaining 71 days were probably  spent with lawyer Muir in unraveling the  tangled aud ambiguous sections of the  Mineral Act, for which the lawyer was  paid $5, or at the rate of seven cents a day.  Captain Fitzstubbs is an expensive luxury, but we must have him, even if he  does come high.  The following figures are from the Public Accounts, and are therefore authentic:  As gold commissioner and stipendiary magis  trate    .."..'... 1,9*20 00  Kor traveling allowance as distributing collector  of voters     ...        105 00  Kor fares, meals, and beds when acting as distributing collector of voters       ..25  For traveling expenses as gold commissioner, II .  days at .') a day      (!!i5 00  Kor fares, horse hire, etc      232 10  Kor fares, horse hire, etc.. inspecting roads, etc..      T.i 25  Kor traveling expenses superintendent, and government ageiil. New Denver wharf       20 75  Kor traveling expenses superintendent und government agent. ICa.-lo wagon road, inspecting  work and paying men        11!) .. I  To A. C. Muir, advising gold commissioner, Nelson, re Miuci-al Acl         5 00  Total  .1,171 85  Tin*: licensed hotels in Kootenay charge  travelers from $2 to $3 a day. Then why  should officials be allowed $5 a day?  Surely accommodations and fare that are  good enough for the average traveler are  good enough for the average official, if  so, why should the province allow an oflicial $5 a day lor that which actually costs  him but $2 to $3? Men are no doubt  more convivial when traveling than when  at home, but that is no reason why the  province should pay the whisky bills of  officials when they are traveling any  more than when at home.  Vale is rather an important inland district.    It has two officials ranking as high  as captain Fitzstubbs of West Kootenay.  Although they are paid $150 a month, as  against the captain's $100, when traveling  they are not allowed one cent for expenses,  otlier than  for meals,   beds, and   faros.  Mr. Tuustall of Kamloops drew $70.25 for  fares, meals, and beds when traveling as  gold  commissioner of Vale and Nicola as  against $N()7J0 drawn  by captain  Fitzstubbs.   Mr.   Norris of Vernon, government agent for Okaganan, drew only $08.  Verily,   premier   Davie's   particular  pot  public servant is cared  for while otlier  public servants slnrvi,  IMMORALITY.  One   Nation   is   Neither   Better   Nor   Worse  Than  Another.  Max O'Rell, in the North American Review, has an interesting article, which is  very pertinent, upon French vs. Anglo-  Saxon immorality.   He  says:   "Let me  state my firm conviction���one that deepens every year as I see more of the world  ���that one nation is neither better nor  worse than another, but only different,  that is all; different in its ways, in its  tastes,   iu   its  virtues and in  its vices.  Would that, all over the world, this were  the teaching to be heard from every platform and every pulpit!   One nation is not  more virtuous or more immoral than another; it is merely different in its ways of  showing its virtues and hiding its vices.  Nations are like individuals; in their morality they are hypocritical or sincere; in  their immorality they are sly, ugly, unclean, above-board, honest, picturesque,  coarse, refined, a.s the case may be.   So  much for the world in general.   Now to  particularize.    Let us take the  French  nation as representing the Latin race, and  compare it with  the Anglo-Saxon one as  found in America,  in England, and the  British colonies.   I have no intention of  holding up my countrymen as models of  virtue, having already affirmed my belief  in the universal frailty of man, in which  I  believe as firmly as in   the universal  goodness of woman ; but.just as a sin concealed is half atoned for, 1 claim that such  vices as may exist���as does unfortunately  exist���in France loses some of its ugliness  by its refusal  to  masquerade as virtue.  To take   the  question of drink, for instance.    France is a country where temperance is  properly  understood,   where  man uses and enjoys the divine gift of  wine with which a tortile.soil has supplied  him, and he is not ashamed to own it.  He  uses and enjoys it, a.s becomes a man,  moderately.   Temperance means moderation, and has never meant total abstinence.    When a Frenchman takes his glass  of wine, he does so coram populo.    When  a Parisian takes his absinthe (few Frenchmen outside of Paris do take it), he does  not hide himself.    He takes it on a table  outside the cafe, anrl, much as I deplore  the increasing consumption of this beverage, I have never seen a Frenchman take  it until begets tipsy,   in the British colonies, at the hotels, you will see men take  tea or water with their meals.   That is  what they rlo in the presence of their fellow-creatures; but they spend the evening at the bar, quietly, sadly imbibing  whisky until they are unable to get to  their bedrooms unaided.    In the prohibition states of America I have seen  men  drink liquor, like castor oil, out of a little  graduated   glass,   in   the   drug   stores.  Everybody in America knows that this is  so.   Once a day, after lecturing, I take a  little stimulant, a glass of hot grog.    In  the prohibition states I had to take it behind the counter of a chemist, or down in  the cellar of the hotel.   It seems to me  that the sly obtaining anrl drinking of  spirits in this fashion  is likely to rlo as  much harm to a young man's moral character as ever the dram itself could do to  his body.    But this is always the attitude  of Anglo-Saxon phariseeisin : "Let us hide  certain failings out of sight and protend  to the world that they rlo not exist while  we draw attention to our virtues and pray  for the conversion of the French."    In  this spirit London vaunts itself that it  possesses no state-visited houses of  ill-  l'atne, while, all the while its great West  End thoroughfares are literallyswarming  with poor wretched creatures from sunset till early morn���a sight unparalleled  in the world.   Whence this overpowering  impulse   to  wrap   the   pharisee's   cloak  around one and cry, "Stand aside, for I  am holier than thou?"   It is an attitude  ugly and un-Christian enough in the most  virtuous person, but despicable and disgusting in those who use the cloak as a  covei for a multitude of sins. I have often  had Anglo-Saxons hurl at my head the  number of French unfortunates who are  to be seen in the West End of London.  My answer has always been that if they  were not less appreciated in France than  in  England, in France they would   undoubtedly remain.   Surely it is not the  climate and atmosphere of London that  tempt them to cross the English channel.  French immorality is often refined, artistic,   Attic.    Anglo-Saxon   immorality is  gross, brutal, ancl debasing, anrl perhaps,  on that account less attractive and therefore less dangerous.  A   DECEITFUL   OLD   BEAST.  The Tricky Animal That Led Stubborn Cattle  to Slaughter is Killed.  "Dick," the bunco steerer at Phil Armour's yards in Chicago, got too lazy for  his job and was led to the slaughtering  pen just like the animals he had decoyed  to death. The deceitful old beast is  dressed beef now.  "Dick" was a big, fat, brown steer that  had winning ways aud a cold, treacherous  heart. Many and many are the confiding  country yearlings and heifers "Dick" has  led up to the butcher's stunning steel  hammer. Probably there never was a  "beef critter" that had so wide a celebrity  as "Dick." livery visitor who went to  see how the packing-houses worked had  to have a look at this steer. Foreign  princes and pretty summer girls have  marveled at the skill and diplomacy with  wliich it steered the unsuspicious range  cattle to the place of death. "Dick's"  picture has been printed in the papers  many a time and columns have been written about the beast's crafty> tricks.> He  was just as much one of the sights of the  town as the Masonic Temple or the Lake  Shore drive.  When the long-horns from Texas and  the short-horns from Missouri come  into the stock yards and are unloaded,  they are naturally exasperated over their  rough trip anrl full of suspicion. The result is they are rebellious, especially in  the matter of going into the chutes. So it  is necessary to have a rlecoy steer that  gets the confidence of the rural beasts and  lure them on. Many years ago "Dick"  arrived at the yards/and being a beast of  sagacious appearance, was picked out for  the work, Dick was carefully trained in  the art.  After years of practice, the big steer  had grown export at his treacherous work.  I'p the gangway went Dick, and after  him cluttered the greenhorn'-. But  just before the bunch got sight of the big  butchers waiting inside, Dick would un  ostentatiously shy off through a side passage and leave his victims to transact  business with Armour's men.  One day last week the wise old rogue  was leading the usual bunch up the gangway, but when it got to the usual jumping off place there was none there. Dick  had to go on with the herd. Before long  he had been converted into dressed beef.  Now that Dick has suffered the same fate  as his thousands of. dupes, his work all  devolves on his former partner known as  "Phil."  KASLO,   B. a.  The Slocan is the only first-  class hotel in Kaslo, and its  managers have an eye singly  to the comfort of its guests.  nvn^_zsr^.C3-_[i__s.  HOTEL  Extensive improvements now completed makes  the above hotel one of the best in the eity both  for transient guests and day boarders.  FINEST WINES,  LIQUORS, AND CIGARS IN  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  he Tremont  East Baker St., Nelson.  Ih one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is tho headquarter.-* for prospectors and  working  miners.  MALONE   &    TREGILLUS.   Props.  [tanley House  BAR.  Corner Stnnley tind Silica streets, Nelson. We are now  running the Stanley house bar, and will he glad to have  our friends and acquaintances give us a call.  DAWSON _ CKADPOCK.  Notice of Application for Certificate of Improvements.  "HANNAH" MINKUAI. CLAIM, HITCATK IN THK NKI. OX  MININI! DIVISION OK WKST KOOTi:. AV, I.OCATKI) ON  TOAD MOCNTAIN.  Take notice that .rank Fletcher, ns intent for William  Strachan, free miner's certilieale No. __(>_ intends sixty  days from lhe date hereof lo apply to lhe gold commissioner for a certificate of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining a crown grant lo the above claim, and further take notice that adveive claims mmul he hciiI. to the  gold commissioner and action commenced before the issuance of such certilieale of improvements.  Killed October lllh, IKill.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  IS SUPPLIED WITH THE BEST BRANDS OF ALL  KINDS OF WINES, LIQUOKS. AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  W A JOWETT,  (Notary  Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  I. II'KKHI*. TIN (J  The Confederation Life Association.   The I'lluuilx Fire  iimy.   The lit  'oronlo, Kle.  Insurance (Joinpuny.   The I lominion Iltiilding _ Loan  Association of Toroi  MINES INSPECTED  AND REPORTED UPON.  Several good lots in government townsites of New Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and ollices lo rent at Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Uob-  son, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  LOTS   IN   ADDITION    "A"  to sell on easy terms.  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  Sawmill for Sale.  A complete sawmill, Itussoll innko, with two D'sston  saws (SO and 118 inch), iron-top saw frame, carriage and  track, patent (logon head-blocks, rope feed works, side  od_e r, cutoir saw rigger, I'litimix boiler and engine,!) by  \2 cylinders, 'Wl-horso power boiler, Price on board cars  at. Buckeye station on Spokane & Northern Hallway,  SI IKK*. Address Julius Ehrlieh, Nelson, B.C., or Thomas  Holland, Clayton, Washington.  ASSAY OUTFIT FOR SALE.  Large and complete- assay plant for sale, Including balances, furnace, and chemicals. If not sold by private  bargain on or before .September Ifitli, it will bo sold bv  auction at. Nolson, For further particulars apply to . .  A pplcwui. s, corner Victoria and Koolenay si reels. Nelson,  ___  e^iSs  Ki  k__  p.  P *  l*VJ  *.�����.. _'���_*.  ���_....  f.- ������''  i - > i.  . '���''.' ���"'  ��� j_l  'I. - '  '1 .  ,'iw '  ���wn��n-  ���"T"  J  J.*    I-'  F*�� ���     l"   W"  ���r** �����_�����**���  I    ��� ���  -    I-*  - -*1? _#_���  THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, ISO..  ��A.w.-fciraf r___  Capital,  Best,  all paid  up,  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD A. SMITI', President  Hon. OEO.  A. DRUMMOND Vice-President  K.   .. ULOUSTON General Manager  ISTELSOISr   B*R^.lSrCKC  N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.       II KAN.IIKS IN      LONDON  (England),  NEW YORK,  CHICAGO,  and in the 'principal cities in Canada.  Buy and soil Sterling Exuliange and Cablo Transfers.  OKANT COMMKKOIAl. AND TKAVUIXKKS' CUHDITS,  -..��� . available in any purl of the world,  DKAKTS ISSUKI); COI...KCTION8 MAI)K| KTC.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  KATE OK INTEREST (at present) 3J Per Cent.  After January 1st. li I'or Cent.  THE ESCAPE OF CRANDALL.  'The prison stands upon a little elevated  stretch of ���ground,, its'tall trees find trim,  green .'yard contrasting with the dreary  barrenness of the low, sagebrush-covered  hills whicli lie about in all directions.  Young Paddock, who had been sent by  his paper to report anything of interest  concerning Crandall's escape, drove up  over the dusty road and alighted at the  great barred doors. He found to his dis-  appointmen that the warden and his  posse were still out on the hills, and he  sat down with a bored air upon a bench  ..in front of the low stone building to  await their return.  The day was warm and bright, the sun  beaming broadly down from the clear  Nevada sky. It was so still that the  sound of the bells on a mule-train passing  just beyond tiie stone walls, sounded  dreamily through the hazy summer morning long after the heavy wagon's were out  of sight. Paddock was almost dozing  ���when a man in stripes "approached.  "Mr. Jarrett wants to know, sir, if you'd  like to see the men turned out iu the  yard."  Paddock rose .lazily. "Why, yes���I  guess sp.  '.You���������"  "1 am  a trusty, you know," the man  ��� said, with a half laugh. "1 unlock the  inside gate.   Please come this way."  ������' Tliey passed the outer gate, through  the corridor, and then came to the tall  barred door through which the convicts  ��� pass after each meal. Here Jarrett joined  them. He was a tall, burly man with  great heavy shoulders, a massive head,  aud quick, keen eyes. They stood on one  side while the men filed out, numbered,  and at the clang of a bell, slowly dispersed in all directions over the great  stone yard.  "Vou see," Jarrett remarked, striding  ahead of the reporter, "the yard's a  (���iianxguarded on three sides by natural  stone'.'-alls. On the fourth���well, here's  where Crandall had hidden his gun;  here's where he crept up the earth wall.  Here's where my shot caught him, iu the  shoulder, I think. But the man's got the  luck of Satan to back-up his courage, for  a general break of the men on this side  followed. We settled them pretty quick,  but Crandall���oh, Avhat's the use o' talking of tliese things! They jest happen,  aud I'm blowed if I know who's to blame."  He turned away, swearing under his  breatl .  Paddock's languor had all disappeared  back here, where the men, with listless,  lagging step crept around the sunbaked  stone; yard. They were like so much  locked-iip capital, which the state's hard  times had condemned to heart-breaking  idleness. Being denied the privilege of  occupation, they talked indifferently  among themselves, becoming dumb and  ��� watchful at the guard's approach, or  tended their little gardens with the unwearying, laborious patience of long, monotonous years had built up iu the corner  of the rock. Here, in the most sheltered  spot, .which even the bitter mountain  storms had spared, was one little plot of  green wliich more than the others attracted Paddock's attention; for the vines  and bushes were fresh and thrifty, the  few vegetables wer.e crisp and flourishing,  and the graceful morning-glories and  sweet-peas, aided by the uiipaintcd trellises and much knotted string, clambered  high up ou the rocky walls.  "Yes," said Jarrett, ungraciously, "the  'lucky garden'is a pretty spot, but it'll  be damned unlucky for the next man who  tries Qrandall's trick."  "This was his garden?"  Jarrett nodded. "It took him three  months to get enough earth to make the  the bed on the rock, and the winter had  come on by the time he'd managed to get  it fenced in. But he took more pride in  this bit of green! He knew every blade  of grass, an' not a bud could be picked  without his noticin'. 'Course none of the  'cons' would touch a thing, but we've  visitors sometimes that haven't sense  enough to be out of jail. Vou's the linnet Crandall trapped.". He lifted the  clumsily fashion eel wooden cage from its  place among the vines, but nothing moved  inside.  "Hey.'Jack!" Jarrett called  the inen'who came limping up.  ed his old hat.  "Where's Crandall's linnet?"  "It���got away," said the man  iiig'y*  "Got away, did it?" repeated J  "When?"  "Don't know. When I took the garden  ���for the plants were almost dead I'or  water--1 lifted the paper Crandall always  pinned,over the cage to keep the hot sun  off expectin' to see the mad thing dash its  silly red head agin'the bars and shriek  till its throat was hoarse. But the bird  was gone."  Jarrett nodded understandingly.  "Crandall set the bird loose before he  made his break, I'll swear. Wish I||d ha'  known it," he said to the young man  after they had turned to reenter the  prison.  They passed through the cells till they  came to the one the murderer had occupied. It seemed to the young man that  the small, compact dens were tainted, in  spite of tho rigorous, institutional cleanliness. He gasped and grew faint. He followed Jarrett eagerly out of the inclosure  and drew a long, free breath when they  were once more in the open. But, being  young, and rather inexperienced, he was  ashamed of his emotion, and, what Was  worse of him, afraid that it had been remarked. Assuming an air of ferocity, he  turned his boyish, good-natured face to  the guard, and said in his most off-hand  manner: ,  "It's tough that the posse had left before 1 came. I'd like mighty well to get a  look at the fellow."  "Ho!" laughed Jarrett. "You'd like to  be with the posse? Well, that'll be easy  enough. Look yonder." He pointed ���out  toward tiie long, ' white, dusty road.  "There come some of them now. If they  haven't got Crandall���ancl I'll bet the  prettiest new .six-shooter you ever saw  they haven't���you can join our party,  whicli'll leave in an hour or so."  They ..advanced' to meet the group of  men, who, still far off, threw out empty  hands and shook their heads discourag-  edly.  "Why didn't ye bring him along?"  shouted Jarrett, grinning.  But the men were worn out with their  long tramp over the dusty hills; tired and  sleepy, their sense of humor could not be  counted upon. One of them answered  Jarrett's question with a gesture���lips  pursed, eyebrows raised, and palms turned upward; another gave an inapprecia-  tive grunt, as he passed on toward the  prison; the third stopped just long enough  to deliver his message.  "Say, Jarrett, warden says you're to  liinr at the. the lower end of Piute  to one of  He touch-  hesitat-  larrett.  joiu  canyon. You'reto bring two guards with  you and to start as soon as Mr. Franks  comes back from town to take charge."  "That'll be in half an hour.   All right."  He nodded to the man who passed on  wearily.   "Now," he continued, turning  to Paddock, "do you really want to come?"  "Do I!"  "We'll taken little lunch in a big hurry,  get our guns���I'll show yo that new one���  and start."  The sun was setting when they reached  Piute canyon. They had seen no trace of  the warden's camp, but, as they began  the ascent of the ravine, a man came out  to meet them. Paddock's heart beat  .madly. His desire for excitement aud  peril was curiously confused with natural  sympathy for the under man in the fight,  but the stranger proved to be a guard,  stationed there to direct the reinforcements further up the canyon, whither a  clue had guided the warden and his party.  So they passed on, leaving their horses in  the man's care at the foot of the ridge,  for the sides of the mountain sloped  steeply. Conversation became difficult as  they climbed, and they toiled on iu silence  till they had reached the summit and  found the party.  "We've got him this time," were the  white-haired warden's first words, his  tine, benevolent face glowing in triumph;  "he camped on this very spot last night.  Burns and Davis are out now. If they  don't find him, you and I'll do the business, Jarrett." He threw back his handsome head, smiling pleasantly.  They threw themselves upon the ground  to rest, and the warden began to give to  the reporter the particulars of the escape.  He was interrupted by the arrival of the  two guards.   They had found nothing.  "Well, Jarrett, you, Wilson, Bennett,  and this young fellow, if he wants to,  come along with nie. They took the trail  up the mountain. We'll just climb over  the hill yonder. On the other side the  brush is thick, with the trail towards  Hatton's ranch not far off. There we'll  iind Crandall, if I'm not much mistaken."  Soon they were ready. The warden's  enthusiasm had communicated itself to  his companions. Jarrett examined his  new. long revolver lovingly, for "Crandall isn't the man to go back for life  without a fight." Wilson and Bennett  marched on grimly, watching every bush,  and Paddock followed, his brain in a  whirl of excitement. The long twilight  of the summer's day had passed. In the  dark, warm night they walked on softly,  speaking only in whispers. The young  man's conflicting sentiments had yielded  by this to the silent expectation, the vigi-  hint enthusiasm of the rest of the party.  .Jarrett's rifle, which the reporter had  taken for a moment while the former examined his pistol, he held unconsciously  now with a firm grasp. His nerves were  so strained that the slightest noise came  to him like a shock. When Jarrett  touched him on the shoulder to tell him  that the warden had called a halt, he  jumped nervously. Jarrett's lip curled  beneath his heavy, dark-red mustache.  Undercover of the darkness, he did not  try to conceal the gleam ol contempt in  his small, keen eyes.  "We're hot on the trail," he whispered  to Wilson. "Warden, Bennett, and I'll  go on down the ravine. He"���pointing to  Paddock���"had better stay here with you  while you watch. He'll do less damage  here than with us. A shot from us or  from you'll be the signal that Crandall's  found." ���  He had spoken with his mouth close to  the guard's ear.  Wilson and Paddock stood in  watching till the warden's party  appeared. For a long time they  expecting every moment to hear  mil.  had ,  conflict. The softer sentiments had vanished; only the savage in him remained  and longed for battle.  After a time he could no longer bear inaction. He envied the guard his sentry  duty, which gave him the liberty of pacing up and down. Tlis moon was just  rising. Mocks and bushes took queer  shapes in the dim light, and from behind  any of them Crandall might be lurking.  Witha nod to the guard, the young man  turned and climbed to the to]) of the hill.  I.ir down, a glimmer of light from the  broad moon tipped the shinning barrel of  Jarrett's pistol, which doubtless he held  cocked in his hand. The warden and his  two men were creeping cautiously along.  "Paddock stood awhile; then, rounding  a turn in the twisting trail, suddenly he  came upon the murderer crouched behind  a great rock, Jiis eyes bent upon the gleam  of steel that had attracted Paddock's attention.  "Throw up your hands!" Paddock commanded, his voice vibrating with triumph.  Suddenly, remembering Jarrett's rifle,  which he had forgotten in his excitement,  lie covered the.mail.before him.  Surprised at this unexpected assault in  tho rear, the man jumped, turned, bent  for his gun���then obeyed. The defiance  in his haggard face yielded to a despairing consciousness of defeat.  They stood thus for a minute, the convict braced against the towering rock,  one hand above his head, the other bound  iu dirty'cloth hanging limp at his side.  But, as the young man's eyes met those  other smoldering, haunted ones only the  rifle's length away, suddenly his other  self awoke. Gradually his ordinary point  of view presented itself. He had intended  to be simply a spectator; what personal  or official resentment had .he''to gratify?  His.most powerful feeling as they stood  there facing each other in the'dusky  silence was one of astonishment to find  himself in such a position.  .  He shifted liis rifle.  Crauclall looked at him inquiringly.  The young man reddened with embarrassment. He laughed ,���. shortly,, confusedly; lowered his rifle and walked  off,.'leaving the convict still standing, one  hand above his head, almost petrified  with astonishment...     ,._--.  Suddenly awakening from his amazement to the danger of his position, Crandall glanced quickly to either side; then  made for the brush and disappeared.  BATTLE OP CRYSLER'S FARM.  and will soon be in  the valleys; so do  not delay in g-etting-  one of Squire's  overcoats and be  prepared for it.  ecia.  fifteen days.  Squire offers fancy  worsted suiting's at  greatly reduced rates.  Call and examine  before they all go.  be ordered now.  Squire's selection of  worsteds, serg-es,  Scotch and English  suiting's and trousering's  is very complete.  silence,  had dis-  waitcd,  the sig-  The young man's nervous trembling  passtu'l away; he was eager for the  The Anniversary of a Red-Letter Day in Can-  . . . ' a da's History.  The llth of last month was the eighty-  first auniversary of the battle of Crysler's  Farm.   It may be said that the fate of  Canada was decided on that'eventful November day, eighty-one years ago.  In the  campaign of 1813, the Americans found  that whatever success they achieved in  western  Ontario aud along the border,  gave them  no  footing  in the country.  They therefore decided to execute a grand  coup by capturing Montreal and thus cut  oil' Upper Canada entirely from aid from  the mother land.   To do this ���Canada was  to  be invaded at two  points.    General  Wilkinson,   whose   rendezvous Was  at  Grenadier Island, near Sackett's Harbor,  New Vork, was to sail down the St. Lawrence with a force of nearly ten thousand  men, while general Wade Hampton was  to advance by way of lake Champlain.  With their forces united at Montreal they  expected little difficulty in obtaining possession of the Canadian metropolis.   The  plan was well laid but the invaders neglected to count on one thing���the brave  Canadians who were   fighting for their  conn try and homes and the trained soldiers  of the iine who were upholding the honor  of the red cross of Great Britain. General  Hampton,   with   oOOO  men,   crossed   the  border on October 21, 1813, but oil October  2(5 was routed at Chateauguay by about  400 Canadian Voltigeurs, led by colonel  De Salaberry, and retreated abruptly to  Plattsburg.   Meanwhile   Wilkinsou   had  embarked his army in a flotilla of about  300 boats.   On November 8 he arrived off  Point Iroquois, and was fired upon by a  ���picket  of  the  Duudas   militia (about a  dozen men).   The firing attracted a party  of 200 militia from the neighborhood and  they joined in harrassing the enemy, but  wet ..compelled  to retire to the  woods  when Wilkinson landed a portion of his  force on Jacob Brouse's farm.   Hearing  that a force of Britishers were advancing  from the west to attack him, Wilkinson,  on November 10, moved his camp to the  east side of Williamsburg township and  began to prepare his boats to run the  Longue Sault   rapids.     On   this day he  was reinforced from the American side by  general Brown, with 3000 men, including  cavalry.   This force the American chief  sent, with a portion of his own army, by  land to take possession of the government  stores...t Cornwall.   Brown's inarch  wa.s  opposed at Hoople's creek by a small body  of Glengarry militia, under major Dennis,  who, after a sharp skirmish,  withdrew  his undisciplined and badly armed handful of men into the interior.   Brown then  pushed on to Cornwall, his boats running  the rapids, but before his arrival the government supplies had all been removed by  way of St. Andrews and Martintown to  Coteau du  Lac.    Brown encamped  west  of the town.   The officers took possession  of tiie farmhouses, while the men bivouacked in the fields.   All  tiie able-bodied  men of the town and vicinity were with  the   militia,   but   though   the   Yankees  made themselves at home generally, they  ollered no violence to the women or children.   They, however, declared their intention of destroying the town and neighboring farmhouses before continuing their  march to Montreal, but when the news of  Wilkinson's defeat  reached   them, they  hastily struck  camp and joined the retreating army.  Colonel Morrison was in command! of  the Canadian forces at the battle of Crysler's Farm. His little army, consisting of  about nine hundred men, was made up of  portions of the 10th and Silth regiments of  the line, the crews of three gunboats, a  conipany of Canadian Fencibles, under  lieutenant De I.-rimer, part of a troop of  provincial dragoons, under captain H. I),  r'raser, some Canadian Voltigeurs. under  major Heriot; a party of militia under  lieutenant Samuel Adams, and about  thirty Indian warriors under lieutenant  Anderson. The American force was 3000  strong tinder general Covington. The  battle was fought iu an open field and  after two hours' fierce fighting the Americans were iu full retreat to their boats,  leaving ninety-three killed (including  general Covington), and 237 wounded on  the field.   The loss to the Canadians was  Corner  elson  E. C. TRAVES, Manager.  HEADQUARTERS   AT   NELSON.  FARLEY, Treasurer.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS II FRESH AND SALT MEATS AND HAMS.  NELSON  MARKET:   BAKER  STREET, WEST  OF  POSTOFFICE.  Ladies and Gentlemen, Attention!  ��  A. D. AIKENHEAD,  MANAGER.  is the spot to spend your money, where you get the best  value in Dress Goods/Ladies' Jackets, Capes, Ready-made  Clothing, Gents' Furnishings, Boots and Shoes, Rubbers,  Blankets, Comforters, Pillows, Floor and Table Oil Cloths,'  etc., etc. All are invited to see my stock, which is now  complete.  about two hundred killed and wounded.  Wilkinson retreated to the Salmon river,  since called Fort Covington, Sew York,  where he abandoned his flotilla, and giving up the proposed attack upon Montreal,  retired into the United States.  It will be pleasing to all Canadians to  ���know that after all these years practical,  determined steps are being taken to perpetuate by-a suitable monument the memory of the brave men who gave up their  lives for their country. For years past  vain attempts have been made to secure  the erection of a 'monument. Crysler's  Farm above all other places is worthy of  a monument. It was because of Wilkinson's discomfiture that this-unprovoked  war did not have the issue that was expected by its instigators, the Americans.  Thoroughly Posted.  The Knglish newspapers are drawing  some exceedingly grotesque conclusions  from the American elections.  The London Star edifies its readers by  telling them that "it is definitely known  that congress will consist of ten Republicans, one Democrat, and thirteen Populists." , ,       ,  The Standard is to be congratulated  upon its exclusive information that at  the meeting of congress in December the  cabinet of president Cleveland "will hand  iu their resignations" and be replaced by  secretaries of the Republican persuasion.  Perhaps the most extraordinary bit ol  news given to the Knglish readers, however, is-lhat the Democratic defeat in  New York is is due to the "repugnance of  the Irish voters to Knglish free trade,"  which led them to vote en masse against  Tain many Hall.  The French and CJerinaii editors are at  the disadvantage triat they do not comprehend our language, but they are up to  date. A Berlin editor tells his readers  that the next congress will be composed  of "four Republicans ami eleven Democrats."  This editor probably rend the London  Star and gave his own opinion of the  matter.  Another (ierman paper speaks of the retirement of president Cleveland and the  Democratic administration as a result of  the election in Washington state, evidently under the belief that the election  was held in Washingto city and that the  administration was voted out by the citizens of the district.  Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company, Limited.  o  _  _  El  B  _  Hl-  H  _  _  .���a'  .  w  t.  o  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Nelson.  Coiinuctintf with Grout Northern railway for all points  east and west  Leaves Ka. .n Tuesdays an . Fridays at .la. in.  Leaves Nelson 'I'm. days* and Fridays at 7 it. in.  Leaves Homier. Ferry for Nelson and Kaslo ut 2a. in.on  W ediiesdaysand Saturdays.  Revelstoke Route���Steamer Lytton.  Cnnncctiu.   with the Canadian Pacific Hallway (main  linel for all points east and west.  Leaves ltiiv.listoke on Tuesdays and Fridays ul. I a. in.  Leaves Hoh  .11 on Wednesdays and Saliirdn.vs at (! p.m.  with this relic of savagery, or, worse;still,  calls attention to her unshapely ones.  Diamonds are the favorite geiiis.'but the  woman who cannot afford these can content herself with Sarah Bernhardt's verdict against the- diamond: "Men Dieit!  they arc horrible, killing the best expression of the face, putting out the lire of  the eyes, paling the ear-tints, and making  the best teeth like porcelain and the  others like chalk. I might wear glass  beads or Kgyptian coins, but diamonds  never"  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting on Saturdays and Wednesdays with Nelson  fc Fort. Sheppard I tail way for Kaslo and lake points.  Leaves Nelson��� Leaves Kaslo for Nelson-  Mondays at I p. in. .Sundays at S11. in.  Wednesdays al.1(1 p. in.      Tuesdays at '111.111.  Thursdays at I p. in Thursdays at. 8a. in.  Saturdays at _l(l p. in. Fridays at .'I a. in.  ('(inneetiiiKon Tuesdays and Fridays with Nelson & Fori  Sheppard railway for Spokane.  For full information, as lo tick  Ma* company's olllce. Nelson. H. (  T. ALLAN. .Secretary.  rules, etc., apply at  .1. \V. THOLTI'. ManiiKc-r.  .!'  Kill tho Best Expression of the Face.  Kar-riiigs are again fashionable, and  jewelers are showing hoops, pendants,  screw-solitaires, and every form known.  The conservative woman is waiting to.sec  whether the fashion will be generally  adopted before she spoils hei pretty ears  A Horse's Sense of Locality,  About the year IS;*, i, says the Lewis!on  Journal, a little colt was born on a farm  in Aroostock county, in the state of  .Maine, a colt that was soon sold away  from the place, to come shortly after into  the possession of a physician in the town  of Houlfoii, who at the opening of tint  civil war went "to the front," taking with  him for cavalry service the colt., that had  now reached maturity. Through all the  vicissitudes of a five years' campaign this  horse followed the fortunes of his master,  lining wrecked on t he lb. I river expedition and suffering various otlierdisnstors,  fo return at the close of the war to the  state of Maine, across whicli he carried  his master horseback until the town of  lloiilton was again reached.  On    the   journey   through    Aroostook  county the road   traversed   lay past   t.he  larm where some ten years before this  horse had been born. Neither bis life between the shafts of a doctor's gig nor five  years of war campaigning has caused him  to lose bis bearings, and when he reached  the lane that led up to thu old farm house  he turned up to the house as confidently  as though he had been driven away from  it but a half hour before.  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A.M.  ..NKLSON..  On  Tin-  lo S|iokam  lays   and   Fridays  I rains  , arriving there al ir.Ai) 1'  ��� Arrive ..Id P.M.  will  run  through  M. same dav.    lie-  on at, .1(11'. M.. iniikin.  steamer Nelson for all Koolenay  tnriiiiiK will leavi! Spokane at 7 A.M. ou Wednesdays  and Saturdays, arriving at Nt'    eln. .��� connections wit I  lake points.  Passengers for Kettle Hiver and Hoinnlary Creek con  neel al Marcus wilh statfe on .Mondays,Tuesdnv:s, Tliurs  days, and Friday..  NELSON STABLES.  WILSON   & SEALE,  TBAMSTEES.  ('(inlracls for I11111II11. oi**' and merclinndi-e iniide with  mine owners ami merchants. Jolt leaiiiha*; all ended to.  Stahlc on Vernon -treel, opposite Turner & Kirkpalrlck's,  KW. ��"Ml_iFJP.MILlUlH/ U��,,I.IJI4IJ..JJ', 'J.    ��� IV.'.'..   ;.-. I:/,'I,,.    -U>. <U"   ������"_ ���*���" .i V" TJ ""��� yniw-ji  _.Mw|.a,mp.*M_R��M  -L���l  y  III ��!���������  ��    IJ-.J.. _|i  I ������  I    ll  -TVT-*"  ,.    ������'  ��|��nn|-��fu-tri_-._n_pVla|_pfHm  I  ' .      *1_ ���_,_  *��iPT��l*" .  1  ���_</_.:  -t   ���*��� ���    .  "A .il*.. .'>-_B-  S*. *.    _,| . '?���.  'M THE TMBOTE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER.  1,  1894.  A full Rang-e of Woolen Shirts and Underwear to suit everyone's taste and  pocket. A very complete stock of Boots and Shoes at hard-time prices. Suits,  Coats, and Pants, Rivetted Overalls, Blanket-lined Clothing', Mitts and Gloves,  German Socks, Mackinaw Suits, Melissa Waterproof Coats, Gum Boots, Lumbermen's Rubbers, Snow Excluders and Overshoes.   Call and inspect the stock.  Baker Street,  Nelson.      Telephone  30.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  Captain George F. Hay ward has severed  liis connection with the Columbia & Koolenay Steam  Navigation Company, and hereafter will probably devote his time to mining in Ainsworth district, where he  has interests that promise well. No man that ever captained a steamboat on the inland waters of British Columbia quit steumboating with fewer regrets and more  friends, and no man engaged in mining iu Kootenay is  more entitled to make a "stake," without which few men  can pass their old days even moderately happy.  Methodist services in Hume's hall  on  Sunday morning ancl evening. Subjects of .sermons, 11  a. in., "Bible Clu meter," ''John, the Baptist;" 7:30 p. in.,  "Gospel Physiology," "Helpless Hands."  Both local banks announce that the rate  of interest paid on savings deposits will be reduced from  3} to. 3 per cent, which means that they have more money  than they can profitably employ. That is the advantage  they have over the rest of us���we could profitably employ more money than we have got.  Last winter over 200 horses ancl mides  were used in hau ing ore from the mines to the steamboat landings at Kaslo. This year the animals will rustle  for themselves on the Lardo. Of the 150 so far taken  there, about 100 belong to George W. Hughes.  The grade on the Nelson &-Fort Shep-'  pard railway between Five-mile point and Nelson is  practically completed and track laying will be commenced in a day or two. If an arrangement can be made  the Nelson & Port. Sheppard and Columbia & Kootenay  railways will build a large union depot near tho government wharf.  The South Kootenay Progressive Association of Kuslo, a political organization, will make sug-  festions to the legislature regarding amendments to the  [ineral Act, As the members of the association are politicians, not miners or mining men, their suggestions will  no doubt receive duo attention.  The steam barge llleeillewaet will make  regular trips between Trail and Northport, connecting at  AS aneta with all trains on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard  railway. She will have all the ore she can handle on her  down trips.  H. II. Pitts, J. AV. Lowes, and Ira  YV.  Black have been elected lire wardens of Three Forks.  Mrs. T.   Allen   left   Nelson   today   for  Ottawa.  Prominent arrivals: II. Giegerich, merchant, Kaslo and Ainsworth ; I . It. Atherton, merchant,.  Sandon; G. VV. Hughes, mine owner, Sloean district;  major Prank Woodman, railway builder,'Spokane; Bob  Yuill, steainboatinan, Kaslo.  The steamer Nelson is now captained by  D. C. McMorris and pursered by Charlie Wright. The  latter, by close attention to duties, has been promoted  from freight clerk on oue of the Columbia river boats to  the purscrship of the finest of the company's steamers.  that you cannot demonstrate that you  grow; most hate. The degree of hate is  proportionate to the deficiency- of logic.  This is why religious difference arouses so  .much hatred. A man's religious opinion  is.a part of his person. He stakes his salvation on it, and yet he cannot demonstrate it. Culture will overcome this resentment. We must base our life.upon  moral truths which can be demonstrated.  As for aspiration and infinity we can hold  them as open questions cherishing a hospitality for all religions. The more we  become cultured the. more we recognize  that there are truths in each; that.Judaism emphasizes the sovereignty of the  moral law, that Christianity teaches that  'man is forever incapable of following the  law, and that the Islam of Mohammedanism is the lesson of submission to the inevitable. Increasing culture, and nothing  else,- .will stop the enmities of race and  religion.   TRADE   AND   FINANCE.  BANK OF MONTREAL.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT.  . . 'OTIOK 'I'O  l)l_'OSITOiiS.  Prom 1st January, IS!)3. and till further notice, the rate  of interest allowed on Savings Bank Deposits by this  bank will be three per cent (,''%) per annum.  A. II. BUCHANAN, Manager.  Nelson,,28th November, ISill.  BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT.  Mrs. McLaughlin, milliner and dressmaker, invites the  ladies of Nelson to call and inspect her stock of cloaks  for winter wear. They are stylish anil of the best materials, and range in price from ��10 to ��2.0.  Apples, .1.50 cash per 50 pound box; Poeatoes, S*-'2 a  ton; cabbage, S2.25 ahundred. International Commission  Company, West Baker stroet. Nelson.  Pressed chickens, ducks, and turkeys; dressed pork  veal; smoked sausage; pork and Cambridge sausage, 20  cents a pound; Oxford, sausage. 15 cents a pound ; fresh  eggs. 35 cents a dozen. John Gates, Independent Market,  West Baker street, Nelson.  Finished for the Season.  The Drewry photo-topographical survey  party has been compelled to quit work,  because of the snowfall on the high mountains. The fore part of the season was  spent in idleness, on account of the dense  smoke from forest fires; but when the  party got down to work they covered a  large area of country. Mr. Drewry  roughly estimates the area covered at 15,-  000 square miles, which is 10,000 more than  were covered last season. Surveys were  made as follows: Of the country lying  between theOutletand Sixteen-mifeereek,  on the north and south, and between  Kootenay lake and Toad -mountain, on  the east and west; between Fry and  Locklmrt creeks, on the north and south,  and Kootenay lake and the western boundary of East Kootenay: and between the  Outlet and "Woodberry creek, on the south  and north, and west from Kootenay lake  to the .summit of the mountains. Much of  the country covered shows no indication  of mineral, and little of it is even suitable for grazing. At the head of Sixteen-  mile creek is a basin, embracing four or  five thousand acres, in which cattle could  be grazed for three or four months a year,  the grass growing luxuriantly. A trail  could be made to the basin either by way  of Mill creek, which empties iuto the Outlet at Buchanan's old sawmill, or up the  east fork of Cottonwood Smith creek, near  Nelson. The distance over either would  not be more than fifteen miles. There is,  also, some fine laud on Crawford's bay, on  the east side of Kootenay lake. Next  season Mr. Drewry expects to survey the  country lying between Slocan and Kootenay lakes.   Will Take lt Over on One Condition.  All the parties in interest in the taking  over of the Nakusp 6c Slocan railway are  now on the coast arranging the terms of  the deal. It is said that the Canadian  Pacific will take the road over on the 15th  of this month, provided the promoters of  the Nakusp 6c Slocan railway put up  money enough to repair the road in the  spring, it being held by the Canadian Pacific officials tliat the road is likely to be  damaged by sno .'.slides and spring freshets.   ___   A Cause of Hate.  A cause of hate is difference of opinion,  and the antipathy is proportionate to the  Uncertainty of the opinion. It is in points  Satuhdav Morning, Dec. 1st.  The past week has  been  rather a depressing one on mine owners, because of  the drop in the price of silver; but the report that the large producers and smelter  owners of the United States and.Mexico  had formed a combination to control the  silver product of America had a tendency  to give the market tone towards the close  of the week.   Shipments from the mines  .in Slocan district to the raihvay at Three  Forks have commenced  in earnest,   the  Slocan Star being in the lead, with the  Noble Five group a good second.   There  were no speculative transactions worthy  of mention, and but little iu the way of  sales of shares iu local  industrials.   An  offer was made for a. block of stock in the  'Nelson Mining 6cSmelting Company, but  holders are not inclined to sell, believing  that the coming spring will see great activity in the gold belts adjacent to Nelson.  A few shares of The Hall Mines, Limited,  were sold at $3.7.,  par value being $..  From all portions of the district come reports of a fair amount of merchandise  being handled, both in and out of warehouse.   Stocks are not a.s large as at this  time in previous years, dealers believing  they will have no difficulty in getting iu'  supplies at any time during the winter,  owing to the opening of a transportation  route to the north in addition to the one  already opened  to the south.   There is  considerable   activity   in   produce,   and  prices have advanced a point or two in  choice apples aud timothy hay.   The inclination of the majority of traders, however, is to hold  prices steady.   Creamery  butter has   beeu coming iu freely,  aud  stocks were never so large.  Cash quotations are as follows:  M .ATS���Beef, by the side, lie; boiling and chuck cuts,  l_Jc; round cuts, 15c; sirloin cuts. l.S'c. Pork, hy the side,  I'M:; cuts, 15c to 18c. Mutton, by the carcass, 15c; cuts, 15c  to 18c.   Venison, cuts, 15c.  liAKIi���Pure leaf lard, _ Ic: Oates's .11) cans, 50c.  KI.OL'K-Ogilvie's Hungarian, SI.5(1; North Dakota  hard Wheat No. I, SI.H5; Spokane .nowllake, ��1.25; Spokane Oolddrop No. I. SI.25; No.   . . 1.  HAY AND OltAIN-Timothy. .-Sllla ton; mixed, .17:  oats, -f.'tl a ton: shorts and bran. Sid a ton.  KVAI'OUATKI* 1-'IUMTS-Apples, 1 Ic: peaches, 15c;  apricots, llic; prune. . 1'J'c; llgs. 15e.  I .HIS���Canadian case, ��7.5(1 a case; "Marcus ranch, ,'15  cents a dozen.  HUTTKK North west Territory dairy, 2*.' to 25 cents;  Manitoba creamery, .'10 cents.  (IKKKN I .'I'lT-Kancy varieties Snake Itiver apples,  SI.50 to SI.75 per 50-11) box; New Vork Catawba grapes,  li.'i eenls per 5-lb basket, ��1.25 pur 10-lb basket.  NITS -Carolina peanuts, 25 eenls a pound; California soft shell almonds, ;_ rents; California walnuts, III)  cents; California lllhcrls. III) rents.  VK< iKTAI'I.K. -Washington slate Karly Ito .: potatoes, SI.25 a hundred. **_.'* a ton; cabbage, S2.25 a hundred; onion. . *~..5<l a hundred; turnips, S2 u hundred;  t* iitoIs, S2 a hundred : beets, ��2.25 a hundred.  NOTICE TO DKI'OSITOHS.  From 1st January, 1895, and till further notice, the rate  of interest allowed on Savings Bank Deposits by this  bank will be three per cent (A'/J per annum.  J .ink of.British Columbia, Nelson, 28th, Nov., 18!) .  DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.  ��� rUOVI.  (!E  OK    HKITISIl    COMJ.MUIA,   DISTIUCT   OK    WKST  ICOOTENAY.  I, Alexander Lynch, formerly a member of the firm of  Stewart. Lynch, carrying on business as hotel keepers  and under the style and title of the Trail Mercantile  Company at Kossland, Trail Creek, do hcrebv certify  that the said partnership was on the 15th day of November, instant, dissolved by the death of my late partner,  James M. Stewart.  Witness my hand at Rossland. Trait Creek, the 20th  day of November, 1801. ALEXANDER LYNCH.  I shall continue the business in my own name and I request that strtonients of accounts payable by the late  tirm, and all sums due them maybe rendered and paid  forthwith. ALEXANDER LYNCH.  Rossland, Trail Creek, B.C., 21st November, 18!li.  DISSOLUTION OF COPARTNERSHIP.  The co-partnership between the undersigned, doing  business as dealers in meats, under the firm name of  Wilson & Perdue, at Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks,  Hritish Columbia, was dissolved on November 14th, 181)4.  All debts due the llrm arc payable lo the firm of i'erdu-j  & Burns, who will pay all firm debts.  Dated, November 2lith, 1891.    W. .1. WiLSON',  WILLIAM PERDUE.  NOTICE.  All debts.due the late firms of Hums, Mclnnes & Co.  and Wilson & Hums, who did business at Nelson, Kaslo,  aud Three Forks. British Columbia, must be settled by  December .'list, 1 SO-i. or they will be placed in the hands of  a solicitor for collection. The undersigned, or J. .1. Dris-  coll of Nelson, is authorized to receive monies due, and  give receipt.. W.J.WILSON.  Dated, November 2(lth, 1891.  ASSIGNEE'S SALE.  Scaled tenders at a rate on the dollar are invited for  the purchase of the stock-in-trade and book debts of the  firm of James . IcDonald & Co., furnituredealers. Nelson,  B.C.  Lot one, consisting of parlor, dining, and bedroom  sets, and general furniture, now in Nelson, H. (.'., amounting at invoice pi ices with freight added to ��4024.  Lot two, book debts, amounting to about $10900.  Tenders will be received up to 2 p. m. of Monulay. the  10thday of December, ISO!, addressed to the undersigned.  Stock sheets maybe seen at the oflice of J. J. Banlield,  Esq , 411 Cordova street, Vancouver, or the undersigned.  Terms: 10 per cent by marked check to accompany each  tender, 15 percent cash on completion of sale, and the  balance at 3, 4, and 5 months, approved paper, with interest at 10 percent per annum. No tender necessarily accepted.   For further particulars apply to  XV. A. JOWETT. Assignee, Nelson, I . C.  Or to JOHN ELLIOT, Vendor's Solicitor, Nelson, H. C.  Dated, November 21st. 1891.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles-,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear (Ir Mooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  :   OYSTERS! OYSTERS! OYSTERS!  Down they go to a price where everyone can use  them.    Imperial brand Baltimore 65 cents a can.  :    :    FISH!  FISH!  FISH!  Fresh fish twice a week   FRUITS! FRUITS! FRUITS!  Headquarters for choice Fruits. Fancy Apples, 50  pound box, $1.50 to $1.75. Complete lines of all  kinds of fruit, vegetables, nuts, figs, confectionery.  Headquarters for the famous Rosebud cigars, equal  to any imported.   :     BUTTER!   BUTTER!   BUTTER!  Northwest Territory butter from 22 to 25 cents a  pound.   Orders carefully attended to.  We have another carload of Groceries just arrived from  Winnipeg, and it has been  ONLY TEN DAYS.ON THE WAY.  Actually the fastest time on record.  The Giant Monopoly is evidently' determined to redeem its .  character, ane we are pleased to see it, for it means to us the  freshest groceries in town and an increased business.  We have in this consignment  New Jersey Cranberries,  Digby Chicks, Miller's  Paragon  Cheese,  Gray's Famous Glasgow Jams, Grated Pine Apple, Honey,  Oysters, London Layer Raisins, Fresh Peel,  Spices, Powdered Sugar,  and a complete line of staple goods, at reasonable prices.  *��� -I  Vernon Street, Nelson.  Telephone 27.  ave  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  and from this time on, or until further notice, we will sell Groceries, Crockeryware, Glassware, Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats,  Boots, Shoes, Furnishing Goods, etc., at a fair profit, for Cash.  Liquors and Cigars, at wholesale only.  Watches and Jewelry for Holiday Presents.  Large Stock and Low Prices.  Dover, Jeweler, Nelson.  MATHEMATICAL PROBLE  If to my.self there added be  My third, my sixth and five tunes three,  Five score and five the sum will be.  What is my number?   Tell it nie.  Multiply the answer to the above by 10 and you will get  an idea of the variety of onr new stock of HOLIDAY GOODS. It will be the most complete  collection of the kind ever offered here, and will range from a 5-cent Toy or Xmas Card to a  $15 or $20 Present. Parties at a distance sending us their mail orders can depend on a satisfactory selection.   Staple lines as usual.  TURNER BROS., BAKER ST.,  NELSON,  W. PERDUE, Nelson.  P. BURNS, Calgary.  ��  MEAT MARKETS.  Arc prepared lo supply every town, tnlniiiK ramp, Jind initio in .SoiiMi Kwilenny with beef, mutton, veal, pork,  und sausage; also, with side sinii breakfast bacon and sugar cured anil smoked limits. Orders by mail carefully lilled und promptly forwarded.  Nelson,  Kaslo,  Three Forks.  _��_ *?..  k%','  .<H��__,I<I  *m^  It Dopt /T\atter to  T-  ana  IP.   O.   BOX,    37.  COR.   -B^lKBR   .A.**. TO   JOSBPHIKB   STS.  Whether you are Knglish, Irish, Scotch  or Canadian, if you only call and examine our stock before ordering eise-  whoi'o. We have the finest stock in Kootenay District, consisting of Dry (foods, Ready -made Clothing, Men's Furnishings,  Ladies' Fur and Cloth Capos, Cloth .Jackets, Blankets, Comforters, Carpets, Oil Cloths, Hoots and Shoes, Rubber., German  Hocks, etc., etc., wliich'we are selling at Silver prices for cash.  Call and see us, and we will be pleased to show you our stock. A. I). A Jill.NIIKAD, Manager,  ���'S * A " h.  I'p.,, ���  ��_  :'._ ��������*��� .  .  J' ��� *_ ,  .'���-i->~ .'"J?  .* '_ V_   ' i  I.  ",-._'_  *.jt"'.*��  I.     >.��   .,,__.  *" '      -'.  ...  ���'I  ' '-  I.'  r, .if*-. .-  1   _ ���  1 I      1  ���*|i  TWWH ���   ������!������  .     * ~u  1^1  sqsi���-7T-  �����;  "wr-  ���I   �����( T,.II  i imp.i.ii���fp��. ��� ��� ���  1, I   "       I-   '     I  -V

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