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The Tribune 1894-08-18

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 ��� \  KOOTENAY  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver,  Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in Producing Mines.  'If '��� .''It'" '.       '">       v* -'-^''  RAILROADS  Already Completed or Under Construction and  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make  the  Mining  Camps  and  Towns   in   Kootenay  Accessible  the  Year   Round.  SECOND  YEAR-NO. 39.  KELSON, BRITISH  COLUMBIA/SATURDAY, AUGUST 18,  1894.  ONE  DOLLAR A YEAR  MINIM  NEWS   OF  THE   WEEK.  NEW     LOCATIONS     BEING     MADE     ON  FOUR-MILE   CREEK.  Objects of the Pilot Bay Smelter���The South  Fork of Kaslo River���-Fry Creek Gold  Discoveries-���Etc ..'Etc..f' "���.-.:'���  Numerous new locations have been  made during" the last week on the granite  belt at the head of Four-mile creek. Ben  Finn el is to the front with a new strike  about a mile to the south of the Thompson group on Finnell creek. The ore is  galena and the samples of the croppiiigs  he brought in look all right. Allan Mc-  ;. Phee'has also made a rich tind in the same  locality/ An assay from the samples he  brought in gave 10-1 ounces silver and $16'  to.the. ton in gold. It is dry ore. Brindle  and MeMartin have staked two claims on  Four-mile creek. They have not as yet  had an assay on their rock, but it is simi-  hir in character to McPhee's, One of the  most pressing improvements needed "in  the country, just now is a good pack trail  up Finnel creek. Finnel creek is the third  tributary entering Four-mile creek from  the south. Ic is said to be a larger .stream  than the iuain creek. It cuts through the  great Fisher Maiden lode and it is on its  higher reaches that all the late discoveries  have been made. The probabilities are  that after the district is opened out it will  be as famous in the annals of West Kootenay as Sandon or Cody or any otlier of  the creeks in the Slocan.  Good Finds Made Near Kaslo.  Several parties have returned with news  of encouraging finds made on the south  fork of Kaslo river. Otto and Sullivan  have three claims, two within 10 miles of  Kaslo. These they call the Bunker Hill  and Theresa, consisting of iron carbonates  and galena'in granite.formation. Assays.  have been had ranging from 1-10 to 200  ounces and 70 per cent lead. Their Morning mine is in a granite and porphyry  ; contact.- This- claini is 12 miles from  Kaslo via the south fori, and at the  head of Twelve-mile creek. The Briggs  brothers, men of means from Minnesota,  have about the best showing on the creek.  They have a fine mining outfit on the  ground and are actively engaged in developing their-property. which, is not-ou  the market, as they propose to develop and  -work it for themselves. All who have  examined it speak in high terms of  "Bob" Yuill's showings in this vicinity,  "Bob" is too .modest aud con ervative to  say much about it. A party of Swiss-  Italians have some elegant prospects  which they are improving. Ed Becker is  is allowing the Montezuma to rest on its  laurels for the present.  Did not Get to the Ground.  T. M.'Ward and John Hirsch returned  to Nelson on Wednesday from an 8-days  prospecting trip to-the southeast of Nelson. On leaving Nelson they followed the  trail up the east fork of Cottonwood creek  to a ridge that extends southerly to the  headwaters of the creek thatempties into  the outlet at Five-mile point. That ridge  was followed to Ymir mountain, a peak  8200 feet high that stands near the basin  from which flows Whitewater creek and  Wilson or Sixteen-mile creek. Whitewater empties into Salmon river and Wilson or Sixteen-mile into Kootenay lake.  Wilson or.Sixteen-mile creek was followed  down to the third fork and the fork f'ol-  lowedHip to the summit; from the summit  Thunder creek was followed to its mouth,  nearly opposite Balfour. Few indications  of mineral were found, and the country is  described-as being a good one in which to  graze stock. All the high peaks are covered with snow. ..Judging from the locations given on tiie maps, Messrs. Ward  and Hirsch were not within twenty miles  of the locality iu which the McGuigan-  Ilennessy 'party-made their find.  Stand by Home Industries.  Manager.-Ilendryx is reported as saying  that -the smelter company at Pilot Bay  will be ready within two months to purchase all ore offering. If so and the price  paid is equal to that paid by outside  smelters, there i.s no reason why every  ton of ore mined in Kootenay should not  be treated at Pilot Bay. The operation  of that smelter means employment to  quite a uumber of men, aud every man  drawing pay regularly in Kooteiiay is a  factor in' the development of the mineral  resources of the district. The ore of Slocan district, even if it goes out by way of  Nakusp. should not be sent to Taeoma or  to Denver if it can be handled at Pilot  Bay. The railways aud steamboat lines  iu southern Kootenay are as fairly entitled to patronage as are the railway and  steamboat lines in more distant sections  of Canada. The section that lirst cares  for its homes interests and industries is  generally found to be prosperous when  sections that do otherwise are iu various  stages of depression.  The Objects of a Strong Company.  The objects for which "The Kootenuy  Mining <fc Smelting Company (Foreign)"  i.s established are to purchase, hold, mortgage, lease, sell, dispose of, and operate  the mines and mining properties, comprising one hundred acres, more or less, on  the Ileiulryx peninsula, and to purchase,  hold, mortgage, lease, sell or otherwise  dispose of or operate the smelting plant  situated at Pilot Bay, and also the site of  the smelter at I.'Hob Bay, consisting of one  hundred and ten acres of land, and also an  interest in the townsite of Pilot Bay, and  to carry on the business of mining, milling,  smelting, concentrating, reduction, and  refining of gold, copper, silver, lead, and  other ores and minerals in all its branches  in the Kootenay and other mining districts in British Columbia and the United  States of America, and to own, buy, sell,  ancl deal in gold, silver, copper, lead, and  other ores and minerals, bullion, and refined metals, to purchase, own, improve,  mortgage, lease, sell, and work and operate  mines, mining "claims, mining property,  and. mining lands, ancl to carry on the  business of the transportation of goods,  merchandise, and passengers upon land  and water,'and' tiie building of houses,  vessels, wharves, and docks, the damming  of rivers and streams, including the  storage, transportation, and sale of water  and water power and privileges, and all  tilings necessary or convenient to the carrying on of the said business.  The capital stock of the company-is  $2,300,000, divided into 28,000shares of'$100  each.   '   .'  The head oflice of-the company is situated at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson, state of New Jersey, and out of that  state, at Pilot Bay.  The Fry Creek Gold Find. -������  For a week or more reports- have been*  coming down from Kaslo of a gold strike  on Fry creek, which empties into Kootenay lake from the east nine 'miles north  of Kaslo. Jack Thompson,', he'well-known  prospector, took a trip to the locality, but  returned Avithout making a location. He  says the country rock is granite, and the:  ledge on which the discoverers have made  eight 'locations is from (5 to 15 feet wide.  The vein till ing is porphyry.' Cy Simmons,'  Jimmy Anderson, Bert Campbell, and Lee  Parkison are the discoverers. There was  quite a stampede from Kaslo to the find,  but it is yet too early to give accurate information as "to its probable worth.  Fire Destroys Mine Buildings.  The fire that destroyed Three Forks got  over to the Noble Five group of mines on  Wednesday of this week and burned  everything in sight. The owners of the  group lost all their buildings and provisions, and the eighteen men at work only-  saved themselves by taking to the tunnels.. John G. McGuigan, who arrived at:  Nelson yesterday, says it was the quickest  fire he ever went through.  Minor Mining Notes.  Da,n Clark and* Jimmy Van Hook, are  taking out, sonic fine looking ore from the Lady of the  .Lake, in Ain.swoi'th district.  Loon lake, in Ainsworth district, is to  be di-iiined by ii siphon. It is said that the plant will not  cost more than ��'i00.  R. M. Harris of Chewelah, Washington,  arrived at Nelson on Wednesday mid went out noxt day  to Forty-nine creek, where ho will be employed by the  Xelson Hydraulic Company.  A. W. McCuue of Salt Lake, accompanied by Scott McDonald of Wallace, Idaho, took a  look at llic Skyline mine, in Ainsworth' district, this  week. It is reported that active operations will be commenced at the Skyline as soon as the l'ilot Bay smelter  company is prepared to purchase ore.  John F. Stevens, the owner of the Little  Donald and Hlaek Diamond mines, in Ainsworth district,  will begin operations on the first-named mine as soon as  the l'ilot Bay smelter eompany is ready to luuidle ore.  NEWS   FROM   NEW   DENVER.  New Denver, August 8th.  New Denver had a very narrow escape  from fire on the (ith, but the watchfulness  of the citizens and the rain that came in  time averted the danger. A fire has been  for some time creeping through the fiat  on the other side of Carpenter creek, and  on Monday a tremendous gale from the  south fanned it into a fierce heat. The  creek made an excellent barrier against  the progress of the fire itself but the danger arose from flying brands some of  which were put out as far iuto the town  as Slocan avenue. The wind was fortunately accompanied by rain and in a few  minutes all danger from sparks and brands  was over.  During last week forest fires have been  raging more fiercely than ever, and on  Saturday and Sunday the country around  New Denver was an awe-inspiring sight.  For at least three miles the opposite side  of the lake was a mass of flame. Between  New Denver and Wilson creek it was the  same. At the Mountain Chief they were  fighting fire night and day, while a colossal fire was raging to the'south of Four-  mile. A flaming piece of bark about six  inches square from this fire on Four-mile  creek fell in the streets of Three Forks.  The rain that fell on Monday has checked  the fires but not extinguished thein and  they are still smouldering inall directions.  But everything at present points to more  rain.  Three Forks is now a city under canvass. The citizens are nothing if not energetic. Some fifteen lots have been sold  since the fire and several building contracts have beeu let. Just as soon as lumber can be got'on the ground numerous  large buildings will be erected. Although  the tire 1ms worked a terrible hardship on  many men who were struggling for a business footing there is no doubt that the  town will'build up' better than before.  Obliging Steamboatmen.  "If you want to meet obliging steam-  boatmen, you must travel on the boats  that ply on Kootenay lake," wa.s the remark made by a Minneapolis man who is  out here taking a look at some mining  property at Ainsworth in which he is interested. "The (hiy 1 went from Nelson  to Ainsworth n passenger's hat blew overboard. Although the boat was making  about twelve miles an hour, the captain  stopped and turned the boat and a deckhand fished the hat out of the lake just as  it .was sinking. That is what I' call an  obliging act."  THE   THIRD   OF   THE   SERIES.  A   Letter   that   is   Nothing  but a Tissue of  Misstatements.  To 'nil-: KuiTou ok Tiik _ kovinuk: I have read Mr.  Bogle's letter iu your last issue with amazement. Mr.  Bogle himself i.s n Scotchman, and Tor the purpose of this  unhappy controversy Scotchmen,-Irishmen; and Englishmen are all branded with the same mark. There is a little  behind the scenes business in connection with Mr. Bogle  which may be as well to explain. Six months ago Mr.  Bogle and Mr. Houston, the leader of the opposition  party here, were at daggers drawn. But probably Mr.  Houston wanted Mr. Bogle in the political strifq.nnd so,  in spite of the opposition plank denying tho right of  Englishmen to any oftico in this country, Mr.- Boglo was  promised tho oflice of recorder at Now Denver. The opposition were so certain of success that they promised  oflices by the score to all sorts of people, in the most  amusing way, Tliese future gold commissioner.- recorders, etc:, already felt theglow of oiHee pride in their bosoms  and could not hold their tongues. It was interesting to  count up the inn nber of pledges' given for each oilice, and:  these silly gulls sucked down tho worms so freely thrown  to them by their keeper that they really appeared to bc-'  licvc all they were told. Bint Mr., Bogle was evidently-  given to undei'stand that the bribe was only for himself;'  he must chuck over his follow countrymen and join the;  ranks of the men who hate and despise them. ..This lie.:,  appears to have done with cheerful alacrity. When his  polit.es are so evidently guided by expediency his patriot-  ism bears its value on its face.   I am, etc., ������T,--   i  Nolson, August 1st, 1891.      CH A HLK . ST. BARBE;    ���;  EXPERIENCE    AGAINST    THE    PRACTICE.  Charles St. Barbe is the editor of The  Miner.' which is owned in part by. C.J  Phillips-Woolley, who belongs to the class*  of, Englishmen that Mr. Bogle so aptly:;  described in his letter to The Province.';  Evidently, Mr. St. Barbe also belongs tbj  the Same class. '������'.";]  No plank in the opposition party pla.t-'  "f or hi denied to Englishmen the right; to.;  hold office. The plank referred to reads;;  as follows; "Whereas, the men who up-v  built the Dominion of Canada were.:npt:i  of one nativity, and if a healthy patriotic  sentiment is to prevail, and only by the';  growth of such a sentiment can Canada"  take a place amoiig English-speaking  nations, the responsibilities of govern-;;  men. must be entrusted to men of knowu ?  capacity','.'and not to men who by accident;  of birth, imagine themselves rulers by,  divine right." '���/":-  Mr. Bogle had editorial charge of The.  TiiiBUN_ during the month of September.^  1893,'and has been a regular contributor;  to its columns since. Therefore, Mr. Bogle,  and Mr. Houston could not have been at;'.  "daggers drawn" six mouths ago. The:  opposition party in South Kootenay made"*  no promise of office to Mr. Bogle for his?  ���'support, for no such promise was needed,-���  he not being a seeker after any office at  the disposal of the government. No prom-;  ise of office was made to anyone, for,-:  the reason that the opposition party in-  South Kooteiiay is in accord witli theeus;:  Loin that prevails in this" province, that is,;  of retaining officials in office .as long as  -tliej'- perform-their officials duties satis--  factorily to the public.  The opposition party may have conducted the campaign in a way that was  amusing to Mr. St. Barbe, but judging  from the way it is accepted, the result was  not at all amusing to the goverment party  or to the class to Avhich Mr. Woolley belongs.   Foreign Immigration Undesirable.  Discussing lord Salisbury's Aliens bill,  the London Daily Telegraph says: "Our  new masters, the English laborers organized in trade unions, have recently been  clamoring with no small energy against  the immigration of foreign competitors in  the various trades, especially as these  competitors can live on smaller wages,  and thus reduce the standard of living.  If, however, it be an economical sin to  prevent the free import of commodities  into England because we have made up  our minds that our policy of free trade is  the best one, it is equally an economical  sin to put obstacles to the free immigration of aliens, because in this way we get  the best work done by those hands best  fitted to execute it. The labor leader of  the moment is always forgetting that we  are all alike consumers as well as producers and that the English workman will  be the first to suffer if he has to pay more,  hot only for his bread, but for the various  articles' which he needs Jor his work or  for his home. At the same time we can  obviously press this free trade in labor too  far. There i.s no kind of reason why, because we alone in Europe happen to possess an efficient poor-law, we should permit other countries to take advantage of  the fact and pour in upon us a stream of  destitute aliens who will rapidly come  upon the rates and swell the taxes of  decent Englishmen. We should never  think of lotting such regulations remain  a.s they are in times of war, and we ought  to be equally careful in times of peace,  lest our generosity should produce a state  of furious competition, wliich is, for fill  practical purposes, a social war.  A Much-Discussed Agreement.  The agreement made between A. H.  Campbell, on behalf of the mine owners,  and Edward Boyce, on behalf of the  miners'union, and which resulted in the  starting up of the mines on Canyon creek,  in the Cmur d'Alene country, is as follows:  This agreement, made and entered into ut Wallace,  Idaho, this llilth day of .Inly. A. I>. IMI, by and between  the Milwaukee Mining Company, the Simula. 1 Mining  Company and lhe Cieur d'Alene Miiiiiig&Coiicentialiiig  Company, purlieu of llic lirst part, anil the Central r.x-  ec-utivi! Miners' Union of the Cimir d'Alcm. , by Ivlward  Boyce, its president, parlies of the second purl, \\ lines-  suth: Kor the purpose of settling the dlll'eronee exist ing  between the purlies of the lirst part and the parties of  the second part the following agreement has been entered  IiiLo: ��� .       ���   ii i  The present maximum wages SJ.L.-ifi per day shall be  paid to all uniler. round men.  There shall lie no discrimination hi the employment, or  men, the men now in the country shall have the preference. No men shall be Imperii. I for the purpose of working in the minus.  The men ivlm lately left the employment of lhe companies, who were objected to, shall not again have employment in uny of the above mines.  It is hereby agreed by both parties hereto, Mint should  any dili'oreiiccrt arise between the parties hereto, thai lhe  same shall be willed by arbitral Inn.  It is the desire of both lhe above parlies Dial llic long  exi-tting diU'creiices be and are hereby burled forall lime;  Unit henceforth be friends and work for the mutual hen-  ell I- of both parlies,  In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our  hands and seals I lie day and year above written.  Railways Operated by Governments are Not  Run Satisfactorily to the Public.  We have a number of examples of government ownership of railroads which  may be regarded as precedents. A portion of the railroad systems of Prance,  Germany, Austria, Italy, and Belgium is  owned by the govern men ts, and bhe  whole of bhe railroad systems, of Australasia and British India are in government  ownership. With regard to the two latter, experience is against the practice!'  The railroads of Victoria and New South  Wales have been largely instrumental in  bringing the colonies to the verge of  bankruptcy; those of New Zealand are  slow and the tariffs high; the eighteen  thousand miles of railroad in British India  comprise  probably the  worst  managed  .and the least efficient system in the world.'  It is but fair to add that' the Hindostau  lines were built as military roads, and  that the distances are enormous.  .In France, the -government owns and  operates 1009 miles of railroad out of 22,-  302; in Germany, 23,818 miles out 20,971;  iu Austria, 11,000 out of 17,198. In all  three countries the service is good, though  the tariffs are high; the government  schedules of fares and freights make the  rates for the line compulsory, because  there was not, sufficient" private capital  in the country bo build railroads; while,  in bhe case of Austria, the government  was forced to buy the roads in 187.,-in  consequence of the. bankruptcy of the  companies. It must also be noted that,  just ten years ago, the government, of  Prance was asked to buy all the French  lines at a fair valuation,'and it refused.  In Italy, all the railroads are owned by  the government, and are leased to an operating syndicate for sixty years at au  .annual rental which only yields a nominal  interest on their cost; yet the lessees importune the government at every meeting.,  of the chamber to release them from their  bargain, and the government steadily refuses to comply with the request. The  six thousand seven hundred miles of railroad in Spain are owned and operated by  private coin pan ies, which are liberally  subsidized by the government. The most  successful example in the world of government ownership of railroads is in Belgium, where "all, or nearly all, the lines  are the property of the state.._ The service is excellent and cheap, but it must be  '��� remenibered,'that Belgin m . is. the; most  densely populated country in the world;  with an area of 11,32. square miles, it contains about six million five hundred  thousand souls, so that the railroads are  more like city lines than highroads.  The traffic is enormous, and enables the  trains to be run at brief intervals and at a  minimum cost. The problem of railroad  transportation iu Belgium is precisely the  'opposite'of the problem which would be  presented by government ownership of  railways in the United States or in  Canada.           Mansions in. Heaven.  In heaven the workingmau can live  in a beautiful mansion; on earth he is  lucky if he has a roof to cover his head.  In heaven he will live on all the delicacies  of the seasons; on earth he is often glad to  secure a bowl of soup dispensed bycharity.  In heaven he will bo clothed in purple and  fine linen and sport a halo around his  head;-on earth he is fortunate if he can  barely clothe the nakedness of himself  and family. Is it not a funny argument?  Mansions in heaven are quoted at a very  low figure. They are not worth a cent on  the dollar at the stock exchange. To secure a mansion in heaven and be happy it  i.s necessary for a workingmau to die���an  unpleasant experience to which all men  have decided objections.  British Pair Play.  On the lth instant, off Cowes, England,  the American centerboard yacht Vigilant  dashed across the line nearly a mile aud a  half ahead of the British cutter Britannia,  yet there were no shrieks of .applauding  whistles and no resounding cheers from  the throngs ashore. Only a single toot  came over the water, aud that was probably from an American yacht. No lusty  throats sent forth greeting to the gallant  Yankee. Perhaps it might have been different if the British cutter had won, as  she has frequenby, amid a tempest of  cheers and yells.  Neither a Christian Nor a Good Citlzon.  The general superintendent of the  Southern Pacific railway in California has  declared that no one of the employees of  that road who took an active part in the  recent strike will ever again lie employed  by the railway company: and, more,  should the men secure employment elsewhere, efforts will be made to bring about  their discharge. The general superintendent of the Southern Pacific railway is  evidently neither a Christian nor a good  citizen. The fewer such men in any community the better off will be the community.  The Panama Scandals.  Dr. Cornelius Her/., tho Panama lobbyist, was sentenced in contumaciam in  Paris, Prance, on the 2nd instant, to live  years imprisonment and to pay a fine of  !. X)0 francs.  This i.s the virtual winding ti|i of the  Panama scandals. I)r. Ilcr/. has nut been  iu Prance, ns far as known, since the .n-  quiry into the .stupendous canal frauds  began, lie was not, in court to be tried  nor when sentence was pronounced.  Me fled to Kngland at the beginning of  the   exposure and  lias  been   there ever  since. Most of the time he has spent in  Bournemouth, where he had a hotel to  himself. Prance sent iif ter him repeatedly,  but each time received tho answer from  his physicians that he was so ill that it  would endanger his life to move him. So  finally he has been tried "in contempt,"  and the docket, presumably, is now clear  of Panama cases.  Count Ferdinand de Lesseps has been  sentenced to prison, but never incarcerated. His son Charles was convicted of  swindling and was imprisoned for a while  under a live years'sentence, but was released after serving about six months.      .  Al. Baihut, once ������..minister-of- public  works, wiis fined $1.0,000 and sentenced  to"prison for five years. M. 'Blondin, who  was .intermediary between him and the  bribers, was sentenced to prison for five  years. Baron Cotter and Al. Fontaine,  directors of cthe .Panama Canal Company,  were fined 3000 francs and sentenced- to  prison for two years. Al. Eiffel, builder  of the famous tower, also a director of the  company, got a two years' term and was  fined 20,000 francs.  Al. Arton, who bribed the small-fry  statesmen aud others while doctor Herz  exerted his own influence over persons of  higher degree, is also a fugitive. He has  been sentenced iu default to twenty years',  penal servitude, to five years' civil degradation, and to pay a'fine of 100,000 francs.  Baron de Beihach, the rich banker who  had extensive dealings with the Panama  people and in the company's stock, died  soon after the swindle began to come to  light. It is believed that he died of poison,  self-administered,' some say.  - .The'reputations' of a great many public  men in France were smirched by the revelations of bhe investigation, though most  of them escaped the clutches of the law.  It has been estimated that'doctor .Her.  got at least $2,500,000 out of Panama.  Whatever property he had in France  which the courts could lay hold of hits  been seized.   PERSONAL   AND   NEWS   PARAGRAPHS.  THE CONDITIONS ABE UNFAVOBABLE.  Deerfoot, the Seneca Indian, who, in  1803, was declared to be the campion runner of bhe world, is still living on the reservation of-his: people, near Irving, New  York.  ;  The'. combined assets of the Rothschild  family in Europe are not less, it is said,  than bwo billion dollars. 'The virtual head  of the family is Nathaniel, lord Robhs-  child, of London.  Robert G. Ingersoll is very fond of his  home and never, visits .clubs. It is next to  impossible to get him to a dinner where  speech-making follows dessert. Not even  Neal Dow, the temperance apostle of  Alaine, himself is more temperate.  Lord Randolph Churchill's friends are  much concerned about his condition.  While at Bar Harbor, Alaine, a week or  two ago, he appeared'one'-night in the  office of the Malvern hotel, clad only in  his pajamas, to remonstrate against the  music for the dancers.  It is estimated that the value in increased fees of the baronetcy which was  conferred on Dr. Williams, the physician  bo the duchess of York, is fifty thousand  dollars a .year. His professional income  had previously reached the enormous sum  of seventy-live thousand dollars.  Al. Casitnir-Perier, the new French president, despite his name and fortune, belongs to no club, it is said. Prior to 1870,  his father had him elected a member of  L'Union Artistique, but he only appeared  there, he says, bo write a few letters iind  wash his hands.    He resigned years ago.  One of the notorieties of Paris is Lin-  quet, who was official coachman of Napoleon the 111. during all of his imperial  career. After the hitter's downfall, Lin-  quet became driver of the hearse for the  great burial- company of-Paris. He recently officiated in that capacity for president Carnot, and had previously presided  at the funerals of Thiers, Victor Hugo,  aud Gambetta.  A brother of Al. Casimir-Perior, the new  president of France, once wanted to buy  oue of Corot's pictures. The painter let  liiin have it on condition that he "pay the  butcher and baker bills of my friend  .Millet." Casiinir-Perier accepted the condition; but when he came to nay, he found  that Millet had lived on credit for twelve  years and bhe bills amounted to twenty-  two and twenty-four thousand francs,  respectively. He paid the total--more  than nine 'thousand dollars iind though  the picture was worth only about, fifteen  hundred francs at the time, the bargain  wjis ii good one, for the picture- "Biblis"  (Nymphs in the Poiost at Sundown) -is  now worth fully thirty thousand dollars.  Bismark was a student in Ciottingon iu  IS��� and 1888. where his skill iu fence won  him the surname "Achilies the invulnerable." In three terms he fought twenty  duels iind received only a single wound,  of which the scar on his lower jaw near  the; lip is still perceptible; but as this was  caused bv his adversary's blade flying  from tin; iiilt, it was contrary to the code,  so that his reputation for invulnerability  remained technically unimpaired. Indeed  tiie university authorities forbade him to  fight certain'projected duels, on pain of  expulsion: and u month later lit! was sentenced to three days'incarceration for a  like offence. His first duel was with an  Knglishmiin, who has spoken in derision  of the many potty states of Germany.  With an American student he made a bet  that Germany would bt; politically united  in twenty years. The wager was twenty-  five bottles of champagne, to lie drunk in  the country of the winner. After the  lapse of this score of years, iu IS.").'. His-  mnrck was preparing to cross the sea in  order to pay his bet. when he learned that  the American had died, and adds: "The  name he bore did not presage long life  Coffin."  FOR     LARGE     SHIPMENTS    FROM   THE  SLOCAN    MINES   THIS   WINTER.  Mine Owners That Can Afford to do Development Work "Without Shipping Ore are  Likely to Withhold Shipments Altogether.  New. Denver, August 15th.  The .unanimous opinion of mining men  in the Slocan is that shipments of ore during this fall and early winter will be light.  There is a disinclination to ship in the  present depressed state of the market,  and most of the big producers are now  in the hands of men who can afford to  wait.  Byron White always played a waiting  game and it is not likely that he will alter  his policy. He says that he will ship the  ore he has at Three Forks over the railroad provided he can do better that way  than over the snow road to Kaslo. It will  be easy for mine owners to close down  their mines in the summer and ship ore  over the snow in the winter if the railroad does not prove accommodating. The  railroad people appear to have an exaggerated idea of the cost of transportation  on the snow road to Kaslo, whereas in  reality it is transportation from the mines  to the road that costs as a rule. Mr.  Taylor manage!'of the Bluebird and Mr,  S. S. Bailey of the Payne both think that  not a great deal of ore will be shipped.  J. A. Finch will certainly not ship any  ore. So far as can be seen the Mountain  Chief, the Idaho, the Alpha, and the Slocan  Star, as far as the ore at Three Forks is  concerned, will be the main shippers this  season. There is little encouragement to  mine owners to ship at the present time.  Those who are able to do so will develop  their mines and put them in shape to be  worked at the least possible expense. A  number of -people therefore who expected  that the advent of a railway would mean  an immense output of ore are likely to be  -disappointed. But the light shipments  will nob mean that the Slocan is not what  it is cracked, up to be; on the contrary, it  never looked better than it does today;  the amount of ore in sight was never one-  tenth "part of what it is now, and the new  strikes and other favorable indications  are more numerous than ever. It simply  will mean that the men who handle the  mines now know chat rob-miniiig does not  pay, and-that-tlie^itrstusertliey-\v.ill make  of increased facilities of transportation  and cheapness of -supplies will be to get in  machinery and open out their properties  in good shape in the hope that the market  for silver will improve and in the certainty that whether it does or not they ���  will shortly be able to produce ore at less  expense.  Although shipments will be light in  comparison with the knowu resources of  the country they will be heavy compared  with the exportation of previous seasons.  The Tail Wags the Dog.  The Kootenay country hits a number of  custom houses aud the collections amount  to close onto one hundred thousand dollars annually, yet not a single permanent  olliccr is stationed in the country and all  reports are sent through the collector's  oflice fit New Westminster, an oilice hundreds of miles distant iind one whose collections are small sis compared with the  collections at Nelson. No good reason can  be advanced for not making the Kootenay country a separate collection district, iu charge of a full-fledged collector,  whose reports should go direct to Ottawa.  The collections at Nelson alone amounton  an average to over $000 a week, and the  collections at Kaslo will amount to as  much more. The collections at Waneta  and Trail iind Rykert'sare nob inconsiderable. Mr. Mara, your attention is, most,  respectfully, called, to the matter. The  tail has waged the dog long enough.  A Question: Will it be Answered ?  The Spokane Review is dead .ore against  the miners' unions of the Cauir d'Alene  country, and winds up one of its virulent  utterances with the following words:  "There is nothing like having a lot of  high-toned, educated, patriotic foreigners  guarding our institutions against the evil  designs of the lawless American element  in this country." This same lawless-  American element, twenty years ago, dissatisfied with native-born labor, imported  as contract laborers the high-toned, educated, patriotic foreigners that have become so troublesome to the capitalistic  class of wliich the Review is a mouthpiece. How many of the capitalistic class  in the United Suites give employment to  native-born Americans when they get  foreigners at ii less wage? The Review,  probably will be able to answer the question.   Authentic Figures.  Prom the report of the chief of the mining statistics, I'nited States geological  survev. the mineral production of tho  I'nited States foi the year ISM was as  follows:  I'iir iinii. 7,l'-'l,'..' loriK tuns, vuliic nt I'liiln-  ilnlplilii       5. .810.(2(5  Silver. OO.IK. .(Kill Troy ounce: . idlnin. viilu ... u.-u .i.'u  fluid, l."_U>SI Troy oiini'i!-. i-'oinln. Viilue - .'( .I'.'iO.IK.K)  dinner, ICfT.IHi.SIS   pounds   viilue   nt   Nimv  Vi.i'k City    ������     :t'.".-I.Wl  Lend. II_,|IS2 short  toll . vuliie id  .V.w \ ork  ci,y      Its:'..'>'��  Ziiie.7,.__ short Ions, vnlue ill. New Vork City l)W>,HJ0  .uiek-ilver. ".Hil lla-k . vnlue ul San l-'rtin-  ei. mi ..'        I.HiS,_..  Aluminum, :i_u;_i pound . value at I'iltsliiiij,' 'Jliti,!K_  AntIfiiiniy. i'lfi short ton . \nine nt Sun l-'riui-  (���jrico   iii|IHW  S'lekel. I!i,_. pounds, vnlue nt I'lillinlelphlii,. '-"-',11)7  Tin,, ,|i:w pounds  It"88  I'liitiniilii. 7;"> troy oiinres, vnlue nt Sun l-'nin-  el.en  M7  _��K  MTV??  ���*";���-���  ���_��� *���*  ",.-Ji  _���������"_  Tnlnl vnlue  ?'.'I!I.U,S1,!JI .  ' I    . 'I1  I  it''  ii.;- __BreCT**?<_^_Egwm  S_^lkl_l^_-_^^^S��^^^^^^^%^  ^___  THE/TRIBUNE:'. NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, AUGUST  18,. 1894.  "frJIrtJ  "*'i3_  JfiS  ���_��_?  .*���.**  .  !f _  ������r*  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE T MHUNE is published on Saturdays, hy John  Houston & Co., and will he mailed to subscribers  on payment of Oni-: Dou.Aiia year. Xo .subscription  taken for loss than n year.  REGULAR ADVERTISEMENTS printed at the following rates: , One inch, S.'Hi a year; two inches,  SGI) a year; three inches ��81 a year: four inches,  SIX! a year; five inches, .105 a year; six inches anil  over, at the rate of .1.5(1 an inch per month..  TRANSIENT ADVICIiTLSKMENTS 20 cents a line for  lirst insertion anil 10 cents a line for each addition. 1  insertion.   Mirth, marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL OR READING MATTER NOTICES 2!> cents a  line each insertion. ;     . ,  JOB PRINTING at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing' and advertising payable on the first of  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRE'SS all communications to ���  THE TRIIiUNI . Nelson, li. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLaBAU, M.D.���Physician and  ���   and 4 Houston block, Nelson  Surgeon.   Rooms ,'i  Telephone 12.  L, R. HARRISON, ,B. A.���Barrister at Law. Convey-  ��� anccr. Notary Public, Commissioner for faking A Ill-  davits for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc.  Ollices���Ward St., between Raker and Vernon, Nelson.  ��te-f&vibixm* ���  S A T U R DAY M ORNING.   AUGUST 18, 189-1  IS   THE   RATE   EXCESSIVE ?  It is said that the mine owners of Sloean  distriet refuse to ship ore over the Nakusp  6c Sloean railway because of the excessive  rate of freight asked by the .railway.''management. ���  It   is  said   that  the rate has  been fixed at $. per ton from all points on  the railway-to-Nakusp.   This rate would  be an excessive one were the tonnage offering of any considerable amount; but  the tonnage offering is small, and it is not  likely to be large until the mines in Sloean  district reach that stage of development  which will allow of continuous shipments  being  made.     Hallways- regulate   their  charges   by  the   volume  of business   in  sight.   If they can see but twenty tons  of ore a day in sight the rate  will certainly be higher than if one hundred tons  were in   sight, and  the   rate   would   be  lower still if one thousand tons could be  had for shipment daily.   The first year  that George Hughes hauled ore out of the  Slocan country, the rate to Kaslo was in  no instance less than $25 a ton.   For the  tonnage offering, he could not afford to  haul it for less, as he had  made a large  outlay iu building trails aud roads, erecting quarters for his men and his animals,  and for the purchase of plant/ The next  year the-rate, probably, did not exceed $15  a ton, and  it/is said that the rate this  winter will not be  to exceed $7.50 a ton,  and  may be as low as $5.   The railway  company follows the same lines.    Large  sums have been expended in building the  road, and a large sum will be required to  operate it this fall and winter.    Practically, the only business to be done is the  haulage of ore. and if the tonnage in sight  is small the rate will be correspondingly  high.   Surely a company that has expended $500,000 in providing the country with  transportation facilities is entitled  to as  much consideration as a company in the  same line of business that has expended  one-twentieth of that amount.  for Canada as she does for Argentina or  Chili or Peru; she cares for the trade she  'can'get''from our people, nothing more.  In this connection the London Times says  "'that the mother country is so much  ."'more populous and has so much greater  "interests than the colonies, that the  " commercial conditions that are best for  "her.-must"be bhe besb for bhe empire."  There is bhe whole business in a-nutshell,  and their is not tiny sentiment in it either.  A max named Towler writes to the'Vancouver World from London, Kngland, that  the,whole of England eagerly awaited the  result of bhe ���ejection in this province, and  are over-joyed that premier Diivie and his  progressive government are returned to  power....We suppose that bhe whole of  England, wore mourning when bhe returns  from Last Yale were, received. What beslobbering sycophants The World aiid iu.s  correspondents are.  WANTED:  A BRITISH  IMPERIAL DOLLAR.  A   HOWL   WOULD   BE   RAISED.  If member-elect Keilie should resign his  seat in North Kootenay to take  the appointment of gold commissioner, what a  howl   would   be  raised   by   his   friends.  Kellie's friends are not through-thick-and-  thin supporters of the government, and if  given a chance will resent the attempt to  foist defeated-candidate Vernon into office  through North Kootenay.   The people are  right in not supporting non-residents for  members.    Unless a member lives in the  district which  he represents, he  is not  likely to be in touch with  its people, and  the best members in all legislative bodies,  with few exceptions, are those in  touch  with   the   common   people.   Mr. Vernon  has no interests in North Kootenay; he i.s  not likely to change his residence  from  Victoria; he has no acquaintances in the  district; and his sympathies tire not with  its people.    Whatever Mr. Kellie's faults  may be, he cannot be charged with  neglecting the interests of his constituents,  for by neglecting their interests he would  be neglecting his own.  What British Columbia needs in the  Dominion house of commons i.s five members who will light for the interests of the  province: members who will not talk one  way find vote another. Surely live such  men can be found without depriving any  of our large transportation companies of  their most efficient officials.  Tiik people of Kevelstoke; are beginning  to complain about the freight rates  charged them. They cannot understand  why it i.s that the rate from eastern Canadian points to Nelson is much lower than  from the same points to Kevelstoke. The  reason is that Nelson i.s a competitive  point, find Revelstoke isn't.  Tiik "mother country" is not at fill sentimental; she does not propose to give her  colonial children .something for nothing.  Hence   all   the   sentimental gush   about  preferential trade indulged  in  by the recent intercolonial conference at Obbawa  will   be   barren   of   results   to   Canada.  The sooner Canadians realize tluit  they  must fight their own battles, without aid  from   the   mother   country,   the   sooner  will  they become a self-reliant, independent people.    And  unless  limy are self-  reliant   they   can    never    be    independent.   The mother country cares as much  The currency of the British empire is in  a said state of chaos and crisis. Not India  merely, but British colonies further east,  West Africa and the West Indies are all  inconvenienced by the present system, or  rather, want of system, in imperial coinage. Within the dominions of the one  sovereign there a.re no less than nine different systems of currency. The empire  is divided into the following groups, according to the currency they employ:  1. British gold standard (��. s. d.).���1.  The British islands. 2. The Australian  colonies, Tasmania, New Zealand and Fiji.  .. South Africa, i. e., bhe Cape Colony  and Natal, with their dependencies, including the South Africa "Company's territory. -I. Off-lying /.minor places; St.  Helena, Malta, Bermuda, the Falkland  islands. /  - ��  2. Special gold standard.���Newfoundland. , Newfoundland has a special gold  coin all to itself���the gold double dollar.  8. Foreign gold standard.���1. Canada  (United States gold dollar and its multiples.) 2. Gibraltar (Spanish gold and  silver). Many West India, Islands (United  States gold).  1. Legally British gold, practically foreign coins.���Most of England's West India-  possessions.  5. The Mexican dollar.���1.  Hong Kong.  2. Straits Settlements.  (5. The Guatemalan dollar.���British  Honduras.  7. French silver.���West coast of Africa,  especially Gambia.  8. British and foreign gold.���Cyprus  (French and Turkish gold).  0.   The   rupee.���1.   India.   2.   Ceylon.  3. Mauritius.  The way out of this muddle is suggested  by the fact  that  among  these various  coinages there is a certain .denomination  of money which  within an easily remedial differences is common to them all.  This is equivalent of the  United States  dollar,   it is nominally the equal of the  various  dollars  of   Central   and   South  America; and its nearequivalents are the  double florin of the United Kingdom, the  French .-franc piece, two  Indian Rupees,  and the Newfoundland  half-gold double  dollar.   Such a coin minted in India for  -the eastern  half of the British .empire,  and in London for the western half, would  restore order.   Already the coin exists,  but it is perversely called a double florin  instead of a dollar.   It cannot surely do  any possible harm to  England to change  the names of two of its coins���the double  florin to the dollar, and the florin  to the  half dollar; but it certainly, would benfit  greatly the colonies which   in  any way  deal with or use dollars of any kind, to  have an honest home-made British dollar  of  guaranteed  weight and fineness,  instead of their being at the mercy, as they  are now, of foreign countries for their  supply of coins, and  trusting to foreign  mints'for the intrinsic value of what they  A SHORT STORY OP REAL LIFE.  get. Various British colonies have spec-  fically asked for a British dollar. A British dollar is, in fact, the sole means for  establishing a common British currency  throughout the empire; it is a means as  thorough as it is practicable; ancl a corresponding gold dollar equaling one-fifth  of a pound .sterling would link gold and  silver together on a sure and satisfactory  basis, without any empiric changes in our  time-honored currency.  Possibly the simple change of name  from double florin to dollar would prove  ;i new find serviceable link between the  English-speaking empire and the English-  speaking republic.  The Dominion Voters' List.  Any man is entitled to vote who is: (1)  Of the full age of 21 years, and not by any  law of the Dominion of Canada disqualified from voting; (2) A British subject by  birth or naturalization; and (8) A resident  of the electoral distriet for which he applies, having had for more than one year  previous to date an income earned and derived within Canada, exceeding $.'500 per  annum; or (-!) The son of an owner of real  property in the electoral'district, valued  fit more, than $000 or $300 if the owner is  the voter's mother and not otherwise  qualified to vote in said electoral district,  and having continuously resided with his  parents within said electoral district for  more than one year past. All who possess  these qualifications should take advantage of the opportunity now offered of  putting themselves in a position _ to perform the primary duty of citizenship  under a representative ^overniuent.  Not Adapted to Our Climate.  Winnipeg Free Press: "Many officers  and some ex-oflicers too- of the Canadian  militia will be pleased to learn of general  Herbert's prospects of promotion in the  British army, and his probable departure  from Canada. In this instance there will  be some difference ot opinion as to  whether Canada or Great Britain is the  gainer. The latter acquires tt good soldier,  the former loses one not specially adapted  to the climate."  A strange chapter in a life romance  came .to an end the other day when a  landslide swept down on one of theSlocan  mines and crushed the life out of a big  sturdy workman without an instant's  warning. Had such a story come to light  in dreamy India some Kipling would have  let half the world sigh over it. In  plain, prosaic British-Columbia the only  note will be the sentence on an ugly little  headstone: "Clarence Donahue; died  .July 22, 1801." '  It was early in the '70's that the wife of  a properous Illinois' merchant took a wonderful fancy to a pretty little girl in a  Peoria orphanage. To obtain possession  of the child was as easy as asking. In a  brief time little Maud was formally ill-  stalled in a new home, ruler of the whole  household. She forgot the asylum. The  merchant and his wife were "papa" and  "mamma" to her, and had she been their  own daughter she 'could not have known  greater love or more tender care. .;  At eighteen Maud was queen of the village, a beautiful, cultured, strong-willed,  loving girl, the idol of a happy home���but  discontented. She had learned at last  that the old merchant and his wife were  not her true parents, and that her mother  was still alive. She vowed that she would  find her own people. Week after week-  she sought for clews and -at.last her wish  was gratified. ' Through some chance she  discovered that her mother had married  another husband, a Dakota business man,  and moved with him .to.Wardner, Idaho.  It was useless for her Illinois friends to  argue. Maud vowed she was going to her  own people. The fall of 1891 found her at  Wardnei���a stranger in a'strange land,  surrounded by unknown "men and women  who had pronounced western ways and  notions that seemed very queer to "the  little girl from Illinois. She was homesick but plucky. She determined not to  aeturn to the old Mississippi valley. "She  would cure the. homesickness by making  a home of her own.  Clarence Donohue was shift boss at the  Bunker Hill and Sullivan mine. He.was  a handsome fellow too���big, strong, industrious and open handed. He did drink  and gamble a little���but what of that?  He was so different from the Illinois boys  ���and so very much in love with Maud���  aud on Christmas day, .1.891, they were  married. ���    ,  It was a busy, happy year. The baby  came and made life all the -happier, r But  one unlucky night Clarence ran up against  a faro game and won. Worse still, he  kept winning. In the morning he blundered home with $1500 in his pockets and  something strong on his breath.  That fixed him. What was the use of  working? He quit the mine and went  into the saloon business. Whisky and  faro were all around him. It took just a  few months to do the business and  another man took the saloon. Clarence  loafed around Wardner for awhile, and  drifted to Spokane. He got a job tending  bar in a Howard street saloon, but that  closed up and he was stranded.  Two months ago a. notice'appeared in a  Spokane paper, warning Clarence -Donahue to come into court and show cause  why Maud Donahue should not be granted  an absolute divorce. But he did not come.  That notice found him digging inaSlocau  .mine, toiling early and late, stopping  once in awhile to wonder blindly whether  he would ever brace up and be a man  again. He was bending down in a deep  cut one day all alone, wondering vaguely  what Maud was doing when the roaring  avalanche swept upon him, struck  him down, covered him, crushed and  ground him under its awful weight of  logs and boulders. Maud's decree had  come from the higher court.  THE   CURSE   OP   TEA.  not drink a, glass of beer because A thinks  it injurious, B possibly will insist that A  and h is fa mi 1 y shall forswear the use of  maddening, health destroying tea. It is  a saddening thing for those who love the  seductive Chinese decoction that the  poet's words are in danger of being  changed faoin "the cups that cheer but  not inebriate" into the cups that poison  and fill our lunatic asylums. What a  comfort it is to feel that Mr. Maclean may  be wrong. . " /  It Is Often Too Late to Mend.  There is a thrifty sort of woman who  cannot bear to admit that a thing is worn  out. She will spend two hours of precious  time and $10 worth of eyesight working  on a garment in order that it may be  worn one more week or in trying to rejuvenate bed linen, handkerchiefs and  similar articles that when they once begin to give way are good for nothing, and  in which the first symptom of dissolution  is a sign of their ripeness for the ragbag.  Hosiery with holes as large as a silver  half dollar is not worth mending, since  the remaining fabric, after such hard service, must be on the point of ��� yielding.  Undergarments-"���that begin to show  lengthwise rifts are past their usefulness,  and towels gone in the middle would  better be'-laid aside for lint. To wear,  one's self out over wornout articles is poor  economy. The hours devoted to such  work would be more wisely employed in  reading or-resting. Life is short, and the  list of articles continually decaying is exceedingly long. A Vassar girl who has a  notable mother solves the vexed question  of mending by rending garments to ribbons as soon as'they are past the stage of  repair. Another sacrifices them by fire.  Total destruction is, in fact, the only  means of placing useless veterans of the  wardrobe beyond the reach of the inconsiderate thrift in which extremes meet  and frugality merges into folly. Since  revolutions are in vogue, let us inaugurate  one and declare a war of lire and sword���  or scissors���against the tyranny of patch'  and darning needle and no longer allow  them to arrogate to themselves a reputation for the chief virtue and honesty of  the world.  Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company, Limited.  o  _  H  ���A  n  a.  H  H  >  W  ,H .  .%  O  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting on Saturdays and Wednesdays with Nelson  & Fori. Sheppard Railway for Kaslo and lake points.  Leaves Nelson��� Leaves Kaslo .for Nelson-  Tuesdays at 3 p. in. Wednesdays ul, 2:,'t() a. in.  Wednesdays al.. .40 p. in.      Saturdays al,'_.'Ill a. in.  Fridays at 3 p. in.  Saturdays at 5:10 p. in.  Bonner's Ferry Route---Steamer Nelson.  .Connecting with Great Northern railway for all points  east and west,.  Leaves Nelson for Bonner's Kerry, via ICaslo on Satur-  '���* days and Wednesdays at .'>:4(> p. m.  Leaves Kaslo for Homier.  Kerry direct on Mondays and  : Thursdays at ti a. m.  Leaves Bonner's Kerry for Kaslo via Nelson on Tuesdays and Fridays at 2 a. in.  Revelstoke  Route���Steamer Lytton.  Connect in.   with the Cmitidiiiii I'acillc Bail way (main  line) for nil points east and west.   '  Leaves RcvolsfoUo on Tuesdays mid Kriduys at .'1 a. in.'..  Leaves Rob. .in on Wednesdays anil Saturdays at 8 p. in.  Northport Route���Steamer Lytton.  Connecting at Northport. for [lolnls north and south  .ortliiiort  kanc l-'ai:  the Spokane 1.ills S Norlliorn Railway.  Leaves Bohson Wednesdays and Siifurdays'af I a. in.  Leaves N oiihporl Wednesdays and .Saturdays ul, 1 p.m.  The company reserves the right to change this schedule  at uny lime without. notice.-.  Kor full information, us to tickets, rates.-elc., apply at,  the company's olllce. Nelson. Ii. (!.  T. ALLAN, Secretary.      J, W. TUOU1', Manager.  W.F.TEETZEL  CHEMISTS and  ������'"���:     DRUGGISTS  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Port Sheppanl Railway.  AH Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A.M...  .NKLSON..  .Arrive ii. (I P.M.  On Wednesdays and Saturdays trains will run through  to Spokane, arriving there at. ,.30 IJ. JM. same day. Returning will leave Spokane at 7 A.M. on Wednesdays  '���and Saturdays, arriving at Nelson at 5:40 P. M��� making  close connections with steamer Nelson for all ICootenay  lake points.  Passengers for Kettle River und Boundary Creek connect at Marcus with stage on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Kriduys.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Straets,  Nelson, B. C.  Driving Thousands of Irish Women Into Lunatic Asylums.  People who have found themselves denounced because they found agreeable relief from  thirst in a glass of beer or it  might be wine,  and   who  have  mildly  attempted to contend that the gifts of the  creator were intended for man's use, and  not abuse, will perhaps find themselves  shut off from an   alternative   that  has  hitherto always been open to them.   Mr.  Maclean, the member for East Vork in the  Dominion house of commons, has raised  the banner inscribed, "The Curse'of Tea."  The beverage, it appears, is destroying  the health of   womankind   and   driving  thousands of women in Ireland into lunatic asylums.   .Mr. Maclean says so, aud wo  presume he has acquainted himself with  liis subject.    If the idea commends itself  to any section of the great army of anti-  everything-someone-else-fiiuls-pleasure-in  we may see anti-tea lecturers, at $10 a  night stumping the country, and societies  with and without the mantle of Christ-  anity formed for its suppression.   And if  tea   proves  an   alluring  subject,   coffee  may follow.   Then there will remain only  the'   voice   of   the   anti-ginger   ale  and  lemonade crank  to almost entirely surround the thirsty soul.    If tea has in Ireland the destroying influences attributed  to it by Mr. Maclean, it must be equally  pernicious elsewhere, and  it  is a  terrible  reflection   to   be   haunted   by  that,  our mothers and our wives, our sisters  aud our cousins and  our aunts are being  ruined iu health and driven into lunatic  asylums by "the curse of t.a."    It is a  serious   thing   to  an   expectant   legatee  when his rich aunt gets mad.   Perhaps a  large proportion of  those complaints of  the  day   which   afflict   women so much  more than  in our ancestors' time, when  wine and beer were more iin'equest, may  be-due  to   this   alleged   poison.    Messrs.  Somebody's sea green  pills and  Messrs.  Honiebodyelse's phosphate of something  for wives'and mothers and girls iu  their  teens, may find cause  for their extensive  sale in the tea habit, which according  to  Mr. Maclean, is worse than the wine habit  or the beer habit, and perhaps than  the  opium habit.   The matter should  be inquired  into with  the view of having n  commission and iilebecite appointed.   In  the meantime, wlieti A insists that IJ shall  A large and complete stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description  A large and complete stock of  FISHING TACKLE.  Central Office  of tho  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear fir flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND DOOR FACTORY  sa.sk. noons, and window frames  MADE TO ORDER.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  pr  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and Worsted  Suitings and Trousering's.  Prices to Suit the Times.  Estimates Given on Building Supplies.  TURNING. SURFACING, AND HATCHING.  Orders from any town in the ICootenay Lake country  i-oiiiptly attended to.   General jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.  WILLIAM PERDUE  iet,  BAST   BAKER   STREET.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steam  boats with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine  or landing in  the Kootenay Lake country.  THE BAR  IS SUPPLIED WITH THK 1SKST JiKANDS OK AM,  KINDS OK WINKS. LIQUORS, AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  HOTEL  Extensive improvements now completed makes  the above hotel one of lhe best in the city both  for transient guests and day boarders.  FINEST WINES,   LIQUORS, AND CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  e  (Notary  Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  WILSON  & BURNS  (Successors to Riiriis, Mclnnes & Co.)  Wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed  meats. Are prepared to furnish in any quantity  beef, pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham, at the  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  John M. Kkefkk.  Jamks K. Skale.  KHPKESKNTINB  I'he Confederation Life Association. -The I'ln .nix Kire  Insurance Company. The Dominion Building & Loan  Association of Toronto, Ktc.  MINES INSPECTED  AND  REPORTED  UPON.  Several good lots in government towiisiles of New Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and ollices to rent at Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Robson, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  KEEFER & SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will be sold al, reasonable prices.  LKAVK   OKDKKS   AT  J. F.  Hume   _   Co.'s.   Vernon   Street.   Nelson  Nelson  Livery Stable  Passengers and baggage  transferred to and  from the  -"' '���"' ' -' ' ' ' ''ig.   Freight  Stove  railway depot and steamboat landing,  hauled and job teaming done.  LOTS  N    ADDITION  to sell on easy terms.  tl  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  Hunter & McKinnon,  General Merchants,  New  Denver and   Silverton.  Keep on hand at both plneeh everything ruquirvri by  the prospector, miner, and mine owner.  wood for wale.  WILLIAM WILSON PROPRIETOR  WARNING NOTICE.  To whom it may concern: Notice is hereby given that  I, John Henry. Jr., having lawfully and regularly located  the Itomolo mineral claim, situate in Hot Springs camp,  occupying ground formerly known as Early liird mineral  claim, the said K.arly Hird having lawfully expired on  Muy 18th, 1RUI, and the ground relocated by me, as the  Romolo mineral claim, on May Dili. 18111.  Uolng tho lawful owner nf said ground, known as the  Kiirly Hird claim, all persons are nolilled that tliey purchase or lease the same from anyone but the undersigned  at, their own risk. .JOHN  HKNItV, .lit..  Miner's Ccrtilleiito No, ..,l_l.  Ainsworth, H. C��� July 2.'lrd, 181)1.  Application for Liquor License.  The undersigned hereby give notice that tliey Intend  applying for a license to sell liquor at retail at their hotel  at the town of Thompson, in Trail Creek division of West,  Kootenay district, Hritish Columbia.  THOMAS STACK,  a Mcdonald.  Dated, Thompson, RC, July a.Ith, IKill.  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is the headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS.   Props.  |tanley House  BAR.  Corner Stanley and Silica streets. Nelson. We arc now  running ihe Siaulcy bouse bar, and will be glad to have  our friends and acquaintances give us a call.  DAWSON & CUADDOCK.  GOLD AND   SILVER  EXTBACTION.  The Cassel Gold Extracting Co.', Ltd., of Glasgow.  |Thr Mi'u'Artlmr-Kurnst C'yiiiitilit I'iim-ii. . .1  Is prepared to negot'nte with initio owners and others  for the extraction of the above liietnls froin the most refractory ores, and to treat and report, on samples tin to  one ton iu weight sent to its experimental, works, Vancouver.   All communications to be addressed to  XV. I'ELLKW-HAUVKY, K.C.S.,  Assay and Mining Ollices, Vancouver, li. C.  All kinds of assay mining and analytical work undertaken  lotice of Removal.  The International Commission Company  Will remove on the l">th instant from its present quarters (next to G. A. Migelow _ Co.'s) to the iiiirrctt Hlock  on West, linker street (next door to T. A. Garland's).  JOS. EHRLICH,! Manager.  Nelson, August 8th, ISM.  NOTICE.  SHAREHOLDERS' MEETING.  The general annua! meeting of the shareholders of tliu  Nelson Electric Light Company. Liiultci:  the company's oflleo iu  Nelson. Ilrltls  Monday, September 3rd, IKIII, at .'I o'clock p. m.  OKOIWK A. HIOELOW, Secretary.  NoIhoii. H.CAiigiiMt 1st. 1S!U.  . will be held at  llritlxh  Columbia, on  Nelson Electric Light Company,  Limited.  The works of the company will be in operation on or  about the gdl.li instant, and all parties desiring lights  should make application to the undersigned.  OKOHOK A. UIGKLDW, Secretary.  Nelson, II. (!.. August 10th, I .11. .,  APPLICATION FOR TIMBER LICENSE.  ���Notice is hereby given Unit thirty days after dale we  intend applying to the honorable the chief commissioner  of lands anil works for a special license to cut and carry  away timber from the following tract of land in West  Kootenay:  Commencing at a post marked Southeast corner post  of Nelson Sawmill Company's application for timber license, being the southwest corner post of Lot 28 . Group  1; thence west IK) chains, more or less, to southwest, corner  post; thence north 150 chains, more or less, to northweit  corner post; thence cast (. chains, more or less, to northeast corner post on western boundary of Lot. 228, Group I;  thence south li'id ehalii.. more or less, on western boundary of Lots 22H and 282, Group I, to place of coiiiinonce-  iiiont, containing IHXI acres, more or lens.  Kor NELSON SAWMILL CO., LTD,,-  W. N, Hoi,, ic, Manager.  Nelson, II, C, llll li July. 18IU,  ���  -ti  _r_^*i__*  MP**  I  J. V'V-"  -���V'i'.-i  ���a. i  . ��� j.  V ���".Il  ���t   41 ,  .-�����������:  "i"J V�� i  I.1.'. ���  ���SS"  ...  ���".I"  -KTTr  '1     ,  - r i  c-  ���i��T,WpFB7  1 111*1  ��-�����  IJIMIIP  ���-It  ft  ii* ��� * * j ��� THE TJ&tBtfffE:  NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1894.  ,.  p.  ���*>'i  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,    -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD  Hon.  I . S.  \.  SMITH   GEO. A. DRUMMOND,  CLOUSTON    President   Vice-President  .General Manager  IN" ELS OUST   BIR-AJSrCIEI  N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATE OF INTEREST (at present) HI Per Cent.  FUTURE   OP   THE   UNITED   STATES.  Kandall  of  be certain.  What the  Groat  Historian   Macaulay Feared  Half a Century Ago.  The   following   letter wa.s  written by  lot'd Macaulay to Henry S.  New York, in IS57:  '  "Yoiu- 'fate   1   believe   to  though it is deferred by a physical cause.  As long as you have a boundless extent of  fertile and unoccupied land, your laboring  population will be far more at ease  than  the laboring population of the Old World;  and, while tliat' is the case, the JelTei'.on-  iau policy may continue to exist without  causing any fatal calamity.   But the time  will come when'New England will   be as  ��� thickly peopled as Old England.    Wages  will be as low, and will fluctuate as much  with you as with us.    You will have your  Manchester.* and Birniinghams, hundreds  and thousands of artisans will assuredly  be sometimes out of work.   Then your  institutions will be fairly brought to test.  Distress everywhere makes  the laborer  mutinous and discontented, find inclines  him to listen with eagerness to'agitators,  who   tell   him   that   it   is  a -monstrous  inic|uity that one man should  have a million wliile another cannot get a full meal.  In bad years, there is plenty of grumbling  here, aiid sometimes a little rioting, but  it matters little, for here the sufferers are  not the rulers.   The supreme power  is in  the hands, of a class,-numerous, indeed,  but select, of an educated class, of a class  which is, and knows itself to  be, deeply  interested in the security of property and  the maintenance of order.   Accordingly,  the malcontents are firmly, yet gently restrained. jThe.bad time i.s got over without robbing the wealthy to relieve the indigent.   The springs of national prosperity soon   begin   to   Mow  again;' work is  plentiful; wages rise; and all is tranquility and cheerfulness. 1 have seen England  pass three or four   times through such  critical   seasons''as    I    have   described.  Through such seasons the. United- States  will have to pass in the course of the next  century, if not in this. How will you. pass  through  them?    I  heartily wish you a  good deliverance.   But my reason and my  wishes are at war; and 1 cannot help for-  bodiug the worst.   Jt is quite plain that  your government will never be able to restrain a distressed aud discontented majority.    For withyou the majority i.s the  government, and  has the rich, who are  always  a    minority,  absolutely  at   its  mercy.   The day will come when, in  the  state of New York, a multitude of people,  none of whom has had  more than half ft  breakfast, or expects to have more than  half a dinner, will choose a legislature,  is it possible to doubt what sort a legislature will be chosen?   On one  side   is  a  statesman preaching patience, respect for  vested rights, strict observance of public  faith.   On the other hand is a demogogue  ranting about the 'tyranny of capitalists  aud usurers, and asking   why anybody  should be permitted to drink champagne  and to ride', in a carriage while thousands  of honest folk are in want of necessaries.  YV'hich of the two candidates is likely to  be preferred by a workingmau who hears  his children cry for more bread?   I  seriously apprehend that you  will, in some  such season of adversity as I  have described, do things which will prevent prosperity from returning; that you will act  like people who should, in a year of scarcity, devour all  the seed  corn,  find   thus  make the next year not of scarcity but of  absolute  famine.   There  will  be, 1  fear,  spoliation.   The spoliation  will  increase  the distress.   The distress will  produce  fresh   spoliation.    There   is   nothing   to  stop you.    Your constitution  is all  sail  and no anchor.   As I said- before, when  society has entered   on   this downward  progress  either   civilization   or   liberty  must jHM'ish.   Either some Cie-ar or Napoleon will seize the reins of government  with a strong hand: or your republic will  be   fearfully   plundered and laid  waste  by barbarians  in  the twentieth century  its the Roman  empire was in  the liflh,  with this difference," that  the Huns find  Vandals who ravaged the  Roman empire  came from without, while your Huns and  Vandals will have been engendered within  your own  country by your own  institutions."  .-������ Hundreds of Others Just Like Him.  At the last Dominion election the government party asserted that the I .boral  policy of untramineled trade; with the  United States wa.s calculated to lead ultimately to annexation and the Liberals  were taunted with the discharge of disloyalty. Referring to this charge in an  address delivered Io tho Nova Scotia Liberals at Halifax, honorable Mr. Liurier,  the leader of the Liberal parly, and who  is now on a visit to British Columbia, expressed the following sentiments: "Loyalty, in my judgment, like charity,should  commence at home, 1 claim ihat there  is no more loyal man fo England than I  myself. I need not tell you that I am  French origin.   Loyalty is'natural fo you       II|{.\.VCHI-:S IX      LONDON  (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  and in the principal cities in Canada.  Hny and sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers.  UltANT COMJIEHCIAIj AND TKAVKM.KHS' UltKDITS,  available in any part of the world.  ]>KA|.'TS ISSUK.  ; COI,..HC. IONS'M.VDI. KTC.  men of English blood. It runs in your  veins; bull can say also that it runs in  my heart from another and perhaps as  sacred ii cause. I am loyal from graitude.  I am loyal to the flag of England because  under the banner of England my fellow  countrymen have found ten times more  freedom than they would have found had  they remained subject to France. But I  have no hesitation to say, .at the same  time, tluit much .'is I love England, still  more do I love Canada, and that if the  day .ever came, which Cod forbid, that I  would find thu interests of Canada clashing with those of England, and if I had  to take one side, of course I would stand  by native hind of Canada."  HOUSEHOLD   HINTS.  RESPONSIBLE   WITH   THEIR   LIFE.  Court plaster should never be applied to  a bruised wound.  Sweet oil will renew patent leather tips.-  Rub over the surface with a bit of cotton  batting dipped in the oil.  Some cooks add to the water in which  rice is fo be boiled the juice of a lemon.  It is said to whiten, lighten and separate  the grains.  Never put stovepipes away without  rubbing them thoroughly with linseed oil  or .something similar. This will prevent  ;in accumulation of rust.  In making pastry have the edges quite  untouched: do noteveu smooth them with  your linger. It is the air in the paste that  causes the (hikes; therefore do not press  it out. There is the rule in all use of  pastry.  To cure a sty, take white of an egg on a  saucer and rub into it a small pinch of  powdered alum. It will become a curd.  Rut it between two fine pieces of muslin  lawn find bind it over the eye before  retiring for the night. In the morning the sty will be gone or much better.  One more application- will be sufficient, and it is said no more stys will  come.  By putting lace handkerchiefs in warm  water, a few drops of ammonia and using  castile soap, they are easily washed, and  made-a".beautiful, clear white. Then do  not iron, but spread the handkerchief out  smoothly on marble or glass, gently  pulling out or shaping the lace. Just before it is entirely dry, fold evenly and  smoothly and place under a heavy weight  of some kind, and you will find handkerchiefs lasting thrice as long as before.  Most servants, and, indeed, too many  housewives, burn a great deal tot . much  fuel in cooking. It is simply -waste to (ill  up the grate with coftl and then punch  and poke it till it nearly melts the top off  the stove, only to go through the process  .again when it is all burned put. When  the fire is burning a small shovelful at the  time will keep the oven in prime condition and cook everything on top of the  stove just as fast a.s though the vessels  were dancing a jig from the intense heat.  The Bold, Bad Smuggler.-  It was the lady of the house herself who  answered the bell at one of the palatial  residences on Woodward avenue, Detroit,  the housemaid being engaged in pealing  pineapples for preserves.  "What do you want?" she asked of the.  person on the doorstep, an impulsive-  looking man, Avith a roll of rugs under one  arm.  '\Sh!" said the impulsive one, "not so  loud. I've got some rugs here that I will  sell you for a song, only you musn't let  anybody know."  " Why, are they stolen ?"  "No;-smuggled."  "Come right in," said the lady, and  ushered him into the hall. Carefully closing the door, she invited him to display  his 'wares.  lie did so, and as the rugs were spread-  out on the hall floor their dainty richness  filled her with a longing. "You are sure  they were smuggled?" she asked in an  anxious tone of voice.  "Certain sure, ma'am," he answered, "I  smuggled them, myself, and you can have  them for $5 apiece, which is less than half  what-they would cost you at any store in  the city."  "Then that is all you need, Ilobert," she  said, turning to a gentleman who stood in  the shadow beneath the stairs, "the man  admits that he is a smuggler, and fill  you've got to do is to report him at the  custom house."  "For heaven's, sake, don't do that  ma'am," said the man. "I've got a sick  wife and four small children fit home who  are dependent on me for bread. Take the  rugs for $2.50 apiece and let nie go."  "But my husband is a custom house  officer," she said; "we can't let you go."  "Have mercy I" he pleaded; "take them  for . 2.7)0 and say no more about it."  "Justice is in flexible," said the husband.  "I must do my duty."  "Call it $2," moaned.the self-confessed  smuggler, "and spare me."  The hurband and wife communed apart,  the hitter evidently pleading for'the poor  wretch. At the end of their conference  the money was silently counted out to the  .smuggler, the door was opened find he was  permitted to go.  And the next day when madame priced  the same kind of a rug at the stores on  Woodward avenue she found that they  would have been dear at $1 apiece.  Intercolonial Conference Criticized,  in a late number, the London Economist  pronounces au absurdity the resolution  passed by the Ottawa Intercolonial Conference in favor of differential tariffs  within the empire. The aim of such a  scheme is to increase the interchange of  commodities ancong British dominions.  Rut the Economist says there is little left  to be done iu that'direction. Already  nearly SO per cent of the trade of the colonies circulates under the British flag.  There is only a little above 21) per cent  thai strays to foreign ports. This is fill,  it, says, that a customs union could add  to the total trade carried on within the  empire. Nor could all of this 20 per cent  be dragged inside the lines of a sovereign,  as some of if, must include articles for  which an adequate supply or demand has  Lo la; sought in foreign countries.  How Debts are Collected in Portions of British  India. ��  A recent tragedy iuKathlawar divulges  how closely our modern India treads on  the heels of an ancient world. Among  the time-honored customs of the Hindoos  are certain methods of constraining the  unrighteous man to do right under religious pressure, apart from either physical  compulsion or the intervention.of human  tribunals. In the bad times before British  rule, when weakness had no chance against  strength, find the law was a goad-in the  hands of the wrongdoers rather than a  defense for the wronged, such processes  of religious duress were often the sole  modes of obtaining justice. The common  form was for the injured party to sit fasting at the door of the tent or house of his  oppressor, in order to compel payment of  ��  Why He Quit Playing Poker.  During the time W. C. Squire was in  the United Stfites senate from the state of  Washington a small parly gathered at  John Chamberlin's one evening to indulge  in a quiet, friendly game of "draw." Resides senator Squire there wore senators  Karwell of Illinois, Aldrich of Rhode  Island, and the late senator Plumb of  Kansas. It was an assemblage of big  brains, big money, and great nerve, and  the game wjis naturally a very interesting  one. The game proceeded in a very placid  way without any distinctive fen tin e other  than the Kansas senator's hard luck. No  matter how good his "hands" were he wa.s  sure to be beaten. The game had gone on  for some time when a messenger came to  the door and inquired for senator Plumb,  saying he was wanted on important '>"*-  iness. The senator excused himself and  said lie would be back presently.  While he wjis gone his friends jokingly  conspired to put up a- "hand" on him.  Tliey arranged it so that I'lunib would  get four jacks and Karwell four queens.  Knowing that the former was a stiff  player they anticipated the hen vybctling  with much glee and the semi tor's crestfallen relief when they would subsequently explain the practical joke played  on him'.    Senator Aldrich wa.s the dealer.  The Kansas senator returned in a very  short time and resumed his place at the  table. The others all wore their most  serious aspect. The cards were dealt as  arranged by the senatorial conspirators.  Senator Plumb held three jacks and called  for one card. Aldrich dealt him a jack  from the bottom of the pack, find senator  Plumb saw it.  In an instant he was on his feel., boiling  wilii rage. The others tried to pacify  him, but he only -became the more infiiri-  ,'itcd. The others grasped him by the arms  find supplicated him to be quiet, explaining thai it was all a joke that thoy in-  . debt or to enforce redress from a high  official or prince.   As long as the suitor  abstained from food, public opinion and  religious usage compelled  the debtor-or  unjust prince loalso fast and shut himself  up from his usual occupations or amusements.    If the suitor died at his door, the  sin of his death rested upon the wrongdoer. This process of Dharna ceased to be  suitable under the reign of British law,  find as it could be used as a means of extortion, it was made a punishable ofl'en_e.  But   another  and   even   more  honored  method   survived.     Public   treaties and  important private or family engagements  were formerly guaranteed by a caste of.  heralds (Charans), who. became responsible with their life for the fulfillment of  the agreement.   Our old treaties with the  Rajaput princess were negotiated in this  way, and the documents-.still bear the impress of the herald's dagger���the dagger  which the herald, in the event of his being unable to constrain either of the contracting .parties- to perform  his engagement, would plunge into his own breast.  The guilt and infamy of thus causing a  herald's death were long regarded as the  best security against breaches of public  faith   throughout "central, and   western  India.  Notwithstanding the Bombay penal  regulations, this system of Traga has lingered on in various modified forms, 'especially among the feudatory states. If the  herald feared that his own single death  would not overawe the wrongdoer, the  proceeding began by the voluntary sacrifice of a beloved or honored member'of  his family or caste. Last week's mail  brought.the decisioirof the chief court of  Kathlawar in a case of the kind. A  banker had made a loan to a landlord in  native territory and took the precaution  of securing the distress of the herald's  dagger as a guarantee. The landlord  evaded payment and on.the herald's coming to demand it, he laughed at him find  referred "the creditor to the civil court.  -The herald stood as public surety for the  repayment of the loan. The honor of his  caste was at stake and he determined to  uphold it at whatever cost to himself and  liis kindred. He and his brother and their  mother, after solemn religions ceremonies,  set off once more for the landholder's  house.  "Wilt thou payor not?" he demanded  of the debtor,  The debtor tried .to temporize. The  two brethren drew their swords and their  aged mother bent low before them, with  her neck outstretched for the blow.  "I will pay as soon as the wheat crop i.s  gathered," cried the alarmed   landholder.  "Wilt thou pay now or not?" the herald  again demanded.  The landholder, terror-stricken, began  some incoherent reply. With one sweep  of jiis arm, the herald struck 'off' his  mother's head find the brothers rushed  with their swords on the 'defaulting debtor. Having wounded him, but not too  seriously, 'tliey.-sprinkled their mother's  blood and liis own on his accursed doorpost. Further proceedings were stayed  by the police. The landholder, smitten  by public infamy and the guilt of the  matricide, starved himself to death. The  brothers were not allowed to complete  their sacrifice, but the,'oue who struck  the.blow was sentenced to transportation  for life. His memory will be sung for  many a year as the hero of the herald  caste in Ouiara.  The Mines of the  Great Slocan District  are all within  a few  miles of New Denver,  the celebrated  Mountain Chief being  less than  two miles distant.  The townsite is  acknowledged to be the  prettiest  in the whole  Kootenay Country.  Investors and Speculators should  examine the property  offered.  in1  'l!  ii i  HI  To allow Prospectors, Miners, and  Mining* Men to acquire ground on  which to build homes, lots will be sold  in Blocks 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 74, 78, 79,  and 83, in the townsite of NEW DENVER, until October 1st next, at the low  price of One Dollar a Front Foot ($25  a Lot).   Terms cash.   Title warranted.  tended playing on him, but the Kansas  senator, who was a very serious man,  would not see it in that light. '  The game naturally broke up, leaving  the participants in anything but a jovial  mood. Further explanations were subsequently made to I'liimb, but he would not  forgive Aldrich and never spoke to him  afterward, though theiroflieial duties frequently brought them together in the  senate.  Kroin that night senator 'Squire made  up his mind to quit poker. "If," said he  to a friend, "a small game like that can  arouse such bitter hatred and enmity  among friends.I never want to play it  again." '__,__.   Rules for Canning.  Miss Hod ford, principal .of ;t New Vork  cooking school, uses the following proportions in canning fruit: Kor apples, pears,  peaches, blackberries and sweet cherries,  one-fourth pound of sugar to every pound  of fruit and one quart of-water to every )  pound of sugar. In canning strawberries,  sour cherries 'and raspberries (to which  she fidds a half cupful of currant juice to  every pound of fruit), she uses one-half  pound of sugar to a pound of fruit, and  water in the same proportion as before.  Kor pineapples, blue plums and gages she  uses throe-fourths of a- pound of sugar to  one of fruit, and water in the same proportion as for the others, except pineapples. They require no water to make a  syrup, as they have sullicient juice without it. I'ineapples should stand in sugar  at least twenty minutes before heating to  start the flow'of juice, and should steam  forty-live minutes or until they look clear.  They should be shredded with a silver  fork', as the large slices of pineapple tluit  look so tempting in cans fire awkward  when served at the table, it being almost  impossible to cut. them with the spoon  without soiling the tablecloth^ Damson  plums require five pounds of fruit to three  of sugar. Quinces should lirst be steamed  before putting them in a syrup. I'.iiit  should bo measured by the scales; as  sugar does not vary it maybe measured  iu a pint or half-pint measure. Kruit juice  that remains after filling the cans may be  canned and used Lo flavor sauces and ices.  Artificially Prepared.  Blood oranges are now prepared artificially. They are even richer iu llavor  than' the regulation red orange of nature.  An ordinary orange is punctured and u  small quantity of ('alifornia claret is injected by means of a powerful syringe.  The wine is drawn up into the pulpof(the  fruit by means of the capillary attractions  and gives the orange tlm deep red so admired, by connoisseurs.  AND  ALL KINDS  STING AND POWE  PLANTS FOR MINES.  CORRESPONDENCE   SOLICITED.  The Jenckes Machine Company  SHERBROOKE, QUEBEC.  AIR COMPRESSORS  OK  TIIK   .MOST   KKKICIKNT   AM)   KCO.VO.M l('.\ I,  TYI'l .  "SLUGGER" AND "GIANT"  AIR   DRILLS   FOR   MINES.  SKNI)   KOI!   OAT.M.OOt'K.  The Canadian   Rand   Drill  Company,  SHERBEOOKE,   QUEBEC.  liciti���It ('(iliinililii Agency:   <!.'_ forilovn Sfrcii, Vancouver. Ka-fern Agency:   H! Victoria Si|iiiuc, Monticul.  The Pulsometer Steam Pump  The Handiest, Simplest, and  Most   Efficient Steam Pump  FOR   MINING   PURPOSES.  Pulsometer Steam Pump Company, New York, U. S.  S.W  m  '. ii.  ���- -  ������1���������F.  '   ���������.������  I -I ���       |UlhH��UiMI��i��>*li��P��ri4__c_A>_b~iiA��_IUi��^��K���^_.^iu<-.!f...  . ���'  ' . '' ,    .  ' I . <   1    II  ������      IjJ   l."T|TI  1 ..  TT  ��� i��i-i  ���  /*  \t  ir THE TRIBUNE:   KELSON, B,-C��� SATURDAY,, AUGUST 18, 1894.  VERNON  STREET,   NELSON,  JLJL       1_?  Cpoc  SOUTH   KOOTENAY   ORE   SHIPMENTS.  Kor the week ending August lilth, the ore shipments  from South .ootonny were:  Le Uoi mine, Truil Creek distriet  HO tons  The ore was shipped to Taeoma, Washington, by way  of Northport,. .  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  s  Silver, 03$ cents; lead, $3.10.  Among the mining men fit Nelson this  week were J. K. Iloss and 0. D. Porter of Spokane and  N. D.Moore of Duluth.  "The :courteous,' accommodating,  and  gentlemanly Canadian customs ollicer'is the wny the  Northport News refers to W. S. .Jones.   Pity 'tis that  Eeople  who are compelled to cross  the  international  oiindary line via the N'orthport route never describe  Undo Sam's customs ofllcers in the same words.  George Reefer brought back from 'Frisco  a number of stacks of -0-dollar pieces, and with his usual  liberality distributed them among his friends.  The mare "Duchess" is to be rallied at  the Treinont house on Saturday evening, September 8th.  "Duchess" is one of the best saddle animals in Kootenay,  and is speedy in short-distance races.  The Victoria Colonist continues to print  the report of the royal commission on the Nakusp &  Slocan deal. The report is ancient history; but our " pro-  gressive" government probably pays for its publication,  in order to keep the ancient Colonist from going into the  hands of a receiver.  Now that.Nelson is actually lighted by  electricity, no end of disputes will arise as to the eftici-  ency of the plant and to the effects of electric light on  the human system. Kor a time, however, the stockholders will not have any very serious disputes a.s to  what will be done with the company's income.  That letter of Bogle's cut the English  snobs to the quick; if it did not, why do they attempt to  discredit him throughout the province by publishing  statements that they know to be false I  M. S. Davys of Nelson has received instructions to proceed at once to Three Korks and survey  a route for a wagon road from that place up the south  fork of Carpenter creek to the mouth of Cody creek, a  distance of seven milas.  The electric light company's plant was  tested on Wednesday afternoon, and by making a few  alterations will work satisfactorily. Light will probably  be turned on Saturday night.  Charles Van Ness returned  to Nelson  from the coast on Thursday. He reports 'meeting captain Fitzstubbs in Victoria, and that the captain was,  apparently, in good health.  For the fiscal year ending June 30th,  1891, the customs collections at Nelson-amounted, to  ��30,7151.43.  After  spending  eight days   in vainly  searching for ahidden golden fleece, Tom Ward is back  nailing pickets on his garden fence.  "A Subscriber" asks Tin-: Tribune to  give the number of Canadians who served in the United  States army during the civil war and the number of Canadians now in the United States. The only reference  book in Tiik Thihunk library is a "Star Almanac, 18JI3,"  and the few pages in it not. devoted to giving the names  of the clergy in Canada is taken up with the names of  the nobility of the United Kingdom. Hence, "A Subscriber" had better ask some better equipped newspaper  for the information he wants.  Methodist Service on Sunday : Morning  subject���"The Holy Spirit;" evening subject���"Work  and Wages,"  A Raslo wet goods dealer, who has been  a papa for a year past and who has not been in the habit  of packing anything heavier than his offspring, started  on the stampede for Fry creek the other day. As soon as  he had the pack on his back and realized there were  eight miles of traillcss boulder-strewn and brush-covered  mountain between him and the gold finds, he "bucked"  and returned to town, stating he would rather pack the  kid until he was a full grown man than carry grub and  tools a mile over the country ho had to travel.  Miss Stcfiins of Spokane, a lirst-class dressmaker, is  with Mrs. George N. Taylor, Victoria street.  Peaches, per box, ,1.'J5; plums, per box, .1.15. At C.  Kauf.fi nau'i.  Do not buy fruit for preserving until our stock arrives.  International Commission Company.  A Letter Explaining a Delay.  It will be remembered by some of the  oldest inhabitants that a dinner was once  given by the ladies of Nelson for the purpose of raising money with which to pur-  a bell for Firemen's hall. As bells are not  manufactured in Canada, the order was  sent to a firm in the I'nited States. The  order was sent, promptly, but for some  reason it has not been filled promptly.  One of the reasons is explained in the following letter :  OlTII'l'. UK .lAMK.   I.I.NKOI (Tit,  (Jknku.w. Aiao.vr i-'ok Pacific Coast.  37 Makkkt Stuki���:.,  San Kuan Cisco. California, August 8th, 18(11,  Mas. Ci-;oi��;i-; N. 'Pay 1.011. Xelson, li. C.-I)wirMiulam:  Tours of lth  instant just  received.   The bell  was, no  doubt, delayed by the railway strikes.   They expected at  the foundry it would be. and promised to keep a tracer  lifter it.   I expect they have been doing so.   I think you  will have the bell shortly, but I will ask the foundry by  mail tonight to follow it up.   It must be done from Cincinnati.   Voursri.pectfully.       .lA.MKS UNKOUTII.  The Last Straw.  Advices from Victoria.' tire in effect that  the government has decided lo send captain Fitzstubbs back to lord it over West  Rooteuay. The people of West ICootenay  have already been sorely alllicted by fire  and flood, and are beginning to wonder  what they have done to be further  afflicted. The return of Fitzstubbs may,  perhaps, be the straw that will break the  cuniel's back.  Flowery but Gracoi'ul Sentences.  The Boundary City correspondent of  the Northport News has this to say  of "judge William Melville Newton,  who lias worn the ermine and administered justice tempered with kindness and mercy in her majesty's adjoining  province during the past eighteen months,  find who while residing iu Sayward and  Fort tthepjmrd drew about hiniahost of  warm and faithful friends, has on account  of ill health resigned his position and  gone to Nelson for medical attendance  and care. When able to travel comfortably, the judge will journey to Victoria,  tind from there to New Zealand, where  his kindred reside, and where he will  probably,'settle down to enjoy a ripe old  age among friends who will be only too  glad to assist in making his days sunshiny  and sweet and the evenings balmy and  full of gladness. Your correspondent is  glad to have known the judge, and the  pleasant hours spent in his society will be  .like a shaded oasis in the desert of time;  and, should we not meet again this side of  the'unknown-beyond,'may we, in our incarnation, be more closely associated and  happily surrounded, so tliat an thousand  years will be only as an yesterday as we  bask iu the sunshine of sublime joys and  the happy company of 'jolly good -fellahs,;  don't cher know.'   Bon voyage, judge."  HOT   WEATHER   STORIES.  A Southern California Desert That is Next  Door to Hell.  General Miles, who had command of the  United States regulars iu Chicago during  the late labor trouble, was twenty-odd  years ago stationed on the frontier in  Texas and had tiie reputation of being  the best Indian fighter in the regular  army. During the labor trouble in Chicago the weather was hot, which led  general Miles to relate some of his experiences.   He said:  "The warm weather we have had here  does not compare with what I have 'experienced in the'Panhandle of Texas, iu  New Mexico, and in Arizona. I remember  once during the campaign against the  Coinanches m the lied River country some  twenty years ago when it was so hot we  had to let the water stand over night to  let it cool off so the men could drink it.  Many times we'had to go hours at a time  without water of any kind. During that  campaign 1 saw some of the men cut the  veins in their arms to get blood with  which to moisten their throats and  mouths. 1 saw the same thing during the  Geronimo campaign in New Mexico.  "At three military posts down in the  southwest country 1 have seen the mercury register 12(5, 128, and 130 degrees in  the shade and 110 degrees at midnight.  The heat here as compared with that, was  cool and refreshing.   But in all the hot  weather in the regions to which 1 have  referred 1 don't think 1 ever knew of a  case of sunstroke.   Sometimes, it is true,  I. have known of the men giving out so  they had to be placed in the ambulance  for a time, but never a case of actual sunstroke.   This may have  been due to the  difference between the atmosphere of this  country and that.   It is a peculiar fact  that we have the hottest aud probably  the coldest weather in the United States  of any country in the world.   In Dakota  and Montana the mercury often registers  .5 to 50 degrees below zero and, as i said,  in the southwest it often runs up to 130  degrees in the shade.   The atmosphere in  the Arizona region is thin and dry, while  it is heavy find humid here aud this makes  it seem so much hotter here than there."  "The heat down in southern California,  New Mexico, and Arizona did not seem to  affect a person like it does' here in  Chi-  cfigo.    1 have never heard of anyone being sunstruek down  there.    I  have  been  through a good many campaigns in  the  southwestern part of the country, but J  do not now recall any instances where the  soldiers suffered excessively. I have often  seen it so hot it would burn one's hand to  touch the barrel of a gun and  have seen  men and horses suffer for water until their  tongues would swell. In the Mojave desert  in southern California they tell a story  which illustrates the climatic situation.  An army officer with a detachment of men  was following a band of Indians.   The  soldiers were out of water and suffering  intensely when they came upon a shack  fit one side of the trail.   The owner had  deserted it.    Before leaving it he hung a  sign over   the  door  which   read:    'One  hundred miles from water, 50 miles from  wood, find 10 inches from hell.'   The soldiers were quite ready to believe the sign  told the truth, especially the last phrase,  a.s it was then about 1.5 degrees in  the  shade."    American Grass Widows.  Mrs. Lynn Linton, the English novelist,  has been giving the world her impressions  of traveling Americans, uot the least interesting of whom are "the queer 'grass-  widows' who abound abroad ��� those  pretty, well-dressed, free-mannered young  women, who have left husband and child  behind (hem in America, and who profess  unbounded love for both and infinite  weariness aud longing for a reunion,  which does not prevent their sitting out  in the garden to a late hour of the night  in close confidential talk with a-.hand-:  some, well-set-up English officer. These  'grass-widows' who have come to Europe  on lengthened visits for their own pleasure, (.yet who" continually speak of the  husband as the one being they most adore,  are a common feature in the traveling  American world, and they are difficult to  locate. Who are they? What are they  doing here alone?.������Why have they left,  their own home "and belongings in this  strangely irresponsible way? We are  bound to say that, if they are undesirable  acquaintances, they mask the inner fact  under an outer appearance of such guileless boldness and the very simplicity of  innocent assurance as to put Mrs. Grundy  into a tight place. For it would almost  seem as if her code of morals were simply.;  criminally suspicions, and that to condemn these artless innocents were to show  herself of a corrupt and unclean imagination."   The Royal Heir.  Now from the bottle let nie draw the cork,  ���    And let my voice sound like a dinner-gong��� "  A 'eir in born to the great 'Ousc of York,'  And so, behold, I tumble into song.  Alas! no pote lariat 'ave they got  In Kngland for to weave a magic spell  Around your hinfant brow; hence mine the lot  To do so, though the day is 'ot as 'oil.  Your'. R'yal Tghness, if the kingly trade  'Olds good and prospers for some decades more,  Much baccarat you'll play, 1'iii sore afraid,'  At Tranby Crofts and places by the score.  You may lay corner-stones and swill champagne,  And then again you mayn't, for queen and kings  Are going out of fashion, that's quite plain,  ��� With many other ancient hoodoo things.  All mitoy prince! beiieflcient and wi e; '���'���'���������'  I 'opes Your "Ighness will not get the colic;  I 'opes your misses, blast their blooming heyes,  ���Will not neglect you while with lords they frolic.  I 'ave no more to say���J wish 1 'ad;  My share's exhausted of divine altlatus  In writing hads about the liver pad.  But w'at 1 give your little nibs is gratis.  The Agony Over.  ��� Notwithstanding president Cleveland's'  } interference, the lower house of congress  accepted the senate amendments to the;  tariff bill, and the bill will be a law iu a;  few days. The duty ou lead is reduced;  one-half, the rate under the bill being-  three-quarters of a cent a pound.  THIS    WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  BAKER   STREET,   NELSON.  and from this time on, or until  further notice, we will sell Gro-  ��   �� ceries,   .Crockeryware,'   Glassware,    Dry   Goods/Clothing,   Hats,  Boots, Shoes, Furnishing Goods, etc., at a fair   profit,   for  Cash.  Liquors and Cigars, at wholesale only.  The best Piano or Organ?  The best Sewing Machine?  The best in the stationery line?  The best in the music line?  The best prices consistent with quality?  X_ET  SO   CALL \A.T  TURNER :M  Good assortment of Newspapers, Magazines, Candies, and Children's Toys always on hand.  G. A. Bigelow & Co,, Nelson���Change in advertisement.  Le Hoi Mining Co.. Trail Creek���Ccrtifibate of improvement notice.  OF TOWN LOTS.  SEASONABLE  AT THE  Postoffice Store  Fine Neglige Shirts in Silk, Silk and Wool, Flannel and Cotton.  Summer.Underwear in Mosaic and Natural Wool. Hosiery,  Suspenders, Ties, Collars, Cuffs.  STEA"W HATS  Felt Hats in all the Best American and English Makes. A  full Line of American Revited Overalls.  Prices lower than ever.  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  A SECOND RAILWAY IN  CHOICE. BUILDING ��>d RESIDENCE PROPERTY I  The undersigned will cause to be sold at  public auction at New Denver on Saturday,  August 25th, at the hour of 2 o'clock p. m.,  the following lots in the town of New Denver. The sale will be without reserve.  Terms cash:  Lot 11, Block 17.  Lots 14 and 16, Block 18.  Lot 14 Block 19.  Lot 18 Block 20.  Lots 8 and 9, Block 21.  Lots 7, 8, 27 and 28, Block 34.  Lots 6 and 7, Block 37.  W. F. TEETZEL.  Nelson, August 7th, 1894.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENT.  "III.ACK UK AH" MINKICAI. RLAIM, HITUATKI) WKHT OK AND  AIWOININI! TIIK "I.K UOI" MINK UAL CLAIM, IN TIIK  TUAILCKKKK MININII CA.MI', WKHT KOOTKNAV, I1KITIKII  C .IX'.MIIIA.  Take notice that we, the I,e Hoi Mining & Smelting  Company (free minors' certilleate number _illiU), intend  sixty days from the ihile hereof to apply to the gold commissioner for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the above claim, and,  further, take notice that adverse claims must be sent to  the mining recorder and action commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  TIIK IAI UOI MINING & HMKI/I'ING COMPANY,  Gkoiuik M, r'oHTKit, President.  Dated the 25th day of .lime. 18111  EEBATB   ALLOWED   FOR   G-OOI3   BTJIL3DI3STC3-S.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  ___=_?L^-   POE   PEICES,   MAPS,   ETC.,   TO  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  Will purchase a 7-drawer "New Williams" sewing machine  Large stock from which to make selections.  Houston Block, Nelson.  JACOB DOVER, Jeweler.  FOR RENT.  The story and u lmlf frame building on Baker street,  between G. A. Hlgelow & Co.'s and the Nelson hoiisc, Im  for rent.   Apply at The Tribune olllce, Houston block.  Application for Liquor License.  The undersigned hereby gives notice thai, he Intends  to apply fur u license to sell liquor at rota 1 at his hotel at  the town of Thompson, in Trail Creek division of West  ICootenay district, llritlHh Columbia.  ���I . lu>   ] .   _U_Ui.  T liompsoii, ��,(!., Ai _. iHt'Jiid. I KM.  CHICAGO,  ILLUS. OIS.  Concentrating Machinery:  Blake Crushers and Comet Crushers.  Crushing Rollers ancl Finishing Rollers.  Plunger Jigs and Collom Jigs, wood and iron boxes.  Frue Vauuer and Enibrey Concentrators  Evan's, Collom's, and Ritt.iiL._rk Slime Tables.  Trommels, Screen and Winched I late..  Ore Samplers and Grinders.  Smelting Machinery:  Water Jacket Furnaces for Copper and Lead Ores.  Shu? Cars and Mots.   Bullion Cars and Pots.  Lead'Moulds and Ladles.   Crucible Tongs.  Blast Pipes and Water Tuyeres. _  Patterns for all kinds ot Reverberatory and Matte  Furnaces. Machinery for the Systematic Treatment of Ores, by the Leaching Process.  _  I  m  Hoisting  and   Pumping  Machinery  and   Wire   Rope Tramways.  �� ���  , '    i . .'   ���  -i.'       ���.     ' ",     ���_ i,      -   ' '     . ,, '   ���      .   i ������     AT'       <.,.���������       ,        IK.        'i-i .       . _ i   . i ���    ',     ���    ;������',���-,  <.��**.   1 fc,  _,..s.[..-._i_> -JsJ-.JVivAi  Hlf _ti I'Au'il. *���_- ������  T'1     �� i_il. ' * _ F>      tit:   i   -i. ��� ._'-'-.- - '.���  vmmK  tsw��w.  lytti'.  Avti'J*  _Wi  ...--"ii'"-'  *..'  -'���-��.  "ft.  .A  _SC.  v'\,-V<  J'i.        ��  VV- ��� ���  _t '-  ���.'J tt.'

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