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The Tribune Apr 20, 1893

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Array _._���,���?F.  ��ifnnr<infM ��rnmniy>��v"*^<  East e.nb West Kootenay  Have   Better Showings  for Mines than  any  other Sections on the Continent  of America.  ���  (Capital an6 Brains  Can   Both   be   Employed   to   Advantage   in,  - the  Mining Camps of East and  West  Kootenay.  FHRST  YEAR-NO.  n/  0/  NELSON,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  THURSDAY, APRIL   20,  1893.  PRICE  TEN  CENTS.  THE MINERAL ACT AMENDMENTS.  A   NEW   IDEA   INGRAFTED   ON   THE   LAW,  WHiCH   WILL   PROMOTE   LITIGATION.  lion  The Claim Owner to Have no Right to tho  Surface Ground, not Even After Ke has  Secured a Grown Grant���The Rest of the  Chango3 Might as Well not Have Been Made.  (d.)  . :t.  llerJYruju-'t.v, liy and with the ivlviue and consent of the  I.UKiuitil'ivo As��unib!y of llic Province of British Col-  ���    uuibia, enacts ns follows:��� -    ���  I. This  Act may he cited ;i:< the "11 moral  Ael (IStli)  Amendment Acl, isn.5." *  li. Suction 2 of  the "Jlincral   Act,   1831,    is   hereby  aniended hv strikintf out all the uor.ls in line? In, -Hi, and  17, and insorLiiiK in li .u llioreol Ihrs following:���  " '.Mineral' .--hull include all nii'tiUhfcroiisores.prouious  or base, found iu Vdin.s, lodes, or rock in place, and  whether such metalliferous ores are found separately or  in   oombiiiaUon  with   each   other;  but  shall not, include coal."  The said section is aKo amended hy striking- out  the words "falling under the delinition of u foreign  company in,' in lines .V> and :')!!, and inserting in lieu  thereof the words "whether foreign <Jl" local, registered or incornoratod under."  The sections sub-titutcd hy the "jMinoml Act (181)1)  Amendment Acl, 1SSJ," for sections II and l'> of tiie  ".Mineral Act. IS)! ' are hereby re)iea!ed, and in lieu  I hereof be iDcn.icted:���  " II. Any fiue uiiner desiring lo locate a mineral claim  shall, subject to the provisions of tiii.-. Act, with respect  Inland w'hich univ be lined for mining, enter upon Lhe  same and locate a plot of ground measuring, where possible but not exceeding, 1,50 i leet in lenglh oy 1,.")00 feet in  breadth, i:i as nearly as possible a rectangular term, Lbat  is to sav: all iingles-sha!l be right angles, except in eases  wlmre a boundary line of a previously surveyed claim is  adopted as common lo both ^claims, but the lines need  lKit necessarily he meridional. In dellning the size of a  mineral claim, il shall be measured horizontally, irre-  specl ive of inequalities on tiie surfaceof the ground.  "I.i. A mineral claim shall be marked by two legal  ports, placed as near as possible on the line of Use ledge  or vein, and the posts shall be numbered 1 and ���>. and the  distance between posts 1 and 2 shall not exceed (iiteen  hundred feet, the line between posts No.s. 1 and 2 to be  known as Ihe location line, and upon posts Xo-,. 1 and 2  shall 1 e wiitien lhe name given Lo the mineral claim, the  name of th ��� locator, and ihe date of the location. Upon  No. 1 post their shall be wriilen, iu addition to the foregoing, ' Initial l'o.-.t,' the approximate eoinpas-i bearing of  i\o. ���-' post, and a statement of the number of feet lying lo  right and to the left of tho lino from No. I to No. 2 post,  Ilius:��� "Initial post.   liirecLion of post No. 2. feet  or this c!ii in lie on the right, and feet on the left  of Tie line from No. 1 to No. - po.-t.'  "All I ho paiticidurs required lo be put on No. 1 p. st shall  be lurmshed by the locatr.r to the Mining Recorder at  lhe time llie claim is recorded, and shall form a part of  Ihe record of such claim.  ������������W'ncii ;i claim has been located, tho holder shall immediately mark the iiue between po.its Xos. I and 2 so  lliut.il ciin be di.-tinctly soon; m a timbered I: cality, by  blazing Irees and cutting underbrush, and in a locality  where there is neither tfmbjr nor underbrush, he shall  set legal posts so that such line can be distinctly seen.  "The locator shall also place a legal pod at the point  where he ha-= discovered rock in place, on which hfcn.ll be  written " I;isco\ cry Post:" he shall also set a le^al post  us near a.s pussiiiio'al each corner of his claim, on which  shall be wriLten 'A. U.'s claim, N. K. C (meaning north-  ea-t corner). ' A. IS.'seluim, N. W.C. (meaning north-west  corner),a.-thecasemay be: Provided that when the claim  is surveved. the surveyor shall be guided entirely by  posts 1 and '2 and the notice on No. 1, the initial po.-.t, and  Life records of the claim.  KXAMPIjBS   Ot-'  YAH 10 US   MODK1  OUT UIjAIMS.  1.  No. L' Post.  OK   LAYING!  r.-io'  Discovery  i'osi.o  7n0'  750'  ������--   No.-I-Post.-  2.  No. 2 Post.  1250'  , v,-  o Discovery  Post.  : . .1250-    .  Xo. I Post.  ���3.  nixr  Xo. 2 Post.   -o-  100'  Discovery i'o.il.o  111)1)'  No.  �� Post.  100  'It  ... shall not be lawful to move No. 1 post, neither  shall it be lawful to move No. '2 post, except for the correction of distance by the Provincial Liovernmeut Surveyor. Xos. 1 and - posts shall govern the direction of  one siile of tiie claim.         ,.,,,.  "(a.) The holder of a mineral claim shall be entitled to  all minerals which may lie within his claim, but he shall  not be ent.il.led to mine outside the boundary lines of his  claim continued vertically downwards:  "(ti.) This Act shall not pre.judice the rights of claim-  owncrs nor claim-holders whoso claims have been located  under former Acts.     . ,   i    ������,    *t ,,  "(c.) i\o mineral claim shall be recorded without the  application being accompanied by an althlavit or solemn  declaration made by the applicant, or some person on his  behalf cognizant of the facts, that mineral has been  found in place on the claim proposed to be recorded."  ���1. .Section 17 of Liio "Mineral Act, 1SIJI," is hereby  amended by striking out, in lines two, four, and five, the  word "side," substituted for the word "centre" by section Oof the "Mineral Act (1801) Amendment Act. 18U2,"  and inserting in each line in lieu thereof the word "location."  ii. Section 111 ot the "Mineral Act, 18111," is amended by  striking out, in line ten, the word "side," kiiIk tituted for  the word "centre" by section 7 of the "Mineral Act  ( ;i li Amendment Act, lis!)-," and inserting in lieu thereof  tho word "location "  0. Section 10 of the " Mineral Act (1301) Amendment  Act, IS!):*," is hereby repealed.  7. Section S> of the "Mineral Act, ISill," is hereby  amended by inserting after Ihe word "lode" in lino three  ti oroof, the words "nor more than two mineral claims iu  th ���.-ame mining division."  8. In ease of any dispute as to the location of a mineral  claim tin; title to the claim shall be recognized according  to tiie priority of such location, subject to any question  as to tiie validity of the record itself, and subject further  to tiie free miner having complied with all tho terms and  conditions of this Act.    1). Sub-sections (c), (d), (e), and (f) of section SB of tho  "Mineral Act, 1SU1," arc hereby repealed, and in  I hereof the following are inserted: ���  "(e.) Had I ho claim surveyed by an authorized Provincial l.a::d Surveyor, who shall have made three  plats of the claim and who shall have accurately  delincd and marked the boundaries of such claim  upon lhe ground, and indicated (he corners by  placing monuments or legal posls at Ihe angles  I hereof, and upon such monuments or posts sb.-ill  bo inscribed by him the name and olllcial designation of the claim, and the corner represented  (hereby, and who shall have, on completion of  siirwy, forwarded at once lite original lield-notes  and plan direct to the Lands and Works Depart-  iiienL:  "(d.) Shall have pojeed on Home conspicuous part of tho  land embraced in the survey a copy of l he plat of  tho e'liim, and a legible notice in writing, in Form  V of the Schedule to this Acl, of his intention to  apply for a ocrlilicaio of improvements,' and-shall  have also posted a .similar- liotioo'in' the Mining  Jtccorder's olllce, and such notice shall contain���  (1.) The name of the claim. ���-.*.''  \2.) The name of,the lawful holder thereof;  (3.) The number of such holder's existing free  miner's certilieale;'  (���1.) His intention Lo apply for certilicate of improvements at the end of sixty days, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant;  (.").) Tho date of thonoliee:  Shall have filed with the Mining Recorder a copy'  ot the surveyor's original field notes and plat:  rnser/cd a copy of such notice in tho  Hritish Columbia (jazolLoand in any newspaper published in  the Pro\ ince, and circulating in the district in  which tho claim is situate, for at least sixty days  prior to .siioh application, which insertion can be  made at any time after the posting of the notice  on the claim:  Kilcd with the Mining Recorder���  (1.) Allidavit of the holder of the claim, or his  agent, in the Komi II in Schedule of this  Act:  At the expiration of the term of tho said publica-  ti ..i, provided no adverse claim shall have been  li led with the Mining Recorder, ho shall forward  to tho Ciold Commissioner, under Komi .) of the  Schedule of this Act, the documents referred to  ,   above.  10. Section 11 of the "Mineral Act (ISfll) Amendment  Acl, 1S'.I2," is hereby amended by inserting between the  words "particularity " and " the, ' on lhe eleventh line,  the following words:���"having regard to all the circumstances of the cu.?o;" and by adding at the end of the  section the words:���"Provided, however, that if an adverse claim has, in the opinion of the presiding .fudge,  been bona fide made, notwithstanding that the same  may have been imperfectly made, the same shall nevertheless have legal recognition, and efibcl shall be given  thereto according to the intent thereof."  11. Section 10 of the "Mineral Act, IS'II." is hereby  amended by striking out the words " Mining Recorder,  in Korm .1 of the Schedule to this Act," iu tho. third line,  and inserting in lieu thereof the words "Gold Commissioner,' and by inserting after the word ','Aet," in tlie-  third line, the words "enclosing his cci'tificalcof improvements, and the Crown grant fee of tlv'c dollars."  V2. Section 121 of the said Act is hereby repealed and  the following inserted in lieu thereof:���  "l'2l. Upon receipt from the holder of a certilicate of  improvements of an application for a Crown grant in tho  proj.oi' form, and all moneys payable in respect of the  claini for which a Crown grant is applied, the Gold Commissioner shall send such moneys, together with the undermentioned papers, to the Chief Commissioner of  hands and Works;���  "(1.) The certilieale of improvements:  "{2.) Allidavit of the holder of the miner.tl claim, or  his agent���Korm 11:  "(,'i.) A copy of the plat of the mineral claim:  "(I.) Tiie copy oT the surveyor's original  field-notes:  "(.i.) Mining Recorder's certificate���Korm .1."  13. Section 115 of the said Act is hereby aniended by  striking ouL the figures and word "TJ1 or," in line two.  II. Schedule A lo the said Act i-- hereby repealed, and  the following inserted in lieu thereof:���  "FOUAI A.  "(e.)  "(f.)  "(g.)  '(h.)  and in one newspaper, if any, published in such district,  and may sell such claim, receive the purchase money.  and execute a conveyance thereof to the purchaser.  The purchase money snail be applied in pavment of the  expenses of advertising and Hie nnymontof the lax, and  any surplus shall be paid into the-Tioasury in trust for  tho owner of the claim. In the event of I here being no  purchaser, or if tho price oll'erod shall not bo sullioient to  pay the tax and expenses of advertising, ihe hind shall  absolutely revert to the Province, and the Crown  grant thereof shall be deemed void. The Assess or or Collector may, before offering the claim for sale, sue the  owner or occupier for the lax, in a.' ���.ininiiiry manner, before any .Justice of the Peace who may'adjudgo I ho  i-amo to be paid; and in default of payment the amount  due, together with costs, may be recovered by distress of  the goods and chattels of the nerson against whom tnc  tax may bo recovered : Provided, that if tho owner of  any such mineral or placer claim shall establish, Lo the  satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner. Mining Recorder,  or Assessor and Collector of the District in which i lie  claims lies, that the yum of two hundred dollars has been  expended thereon in labour or improvements in any one  year, than the tax shall not be levied in rcspootof such  claim for such year.  ffl. Notwithstanding anything fo the contrary contained in any Act, every Crown grant hereafter is-:ued of  a mineral claim shall convey aud be deemed to convey  only the rUht to the use and possession of Ihe surface of  sucn claim for tho purpose of winning aud getting from .  and out of the claim llic minerals, contained therein, including all operations connected therewith, or with the  business of mining, and the lawful holder by record of a  claini, shall, during the conlinuance of his record, be en-  tilled to the same sui face rights, and no others; and all  remaining surface r ghts shall be deemed to bo vested in  the Crown, and may be granted and disposed of as is  provided by the land laws for the time bei'-g in force,  but subject, always, to the rights of free miners as aforesaid.  21. This Act, except the proceeding ���section  thereof,  shall not come into force until l.jth day of May, JS^:i.  STEAMBOATS   AND   RAILWAYS.  PRONOUNCED   WHOLLY   ILLEGAL.  "I  " LOUAVION  NOTICH. ' "  " Mineral-Claim.  " T. , have this day located this ground  as a mineral claim, to bo known us the Mineral  Claim, feet iu length by feel in breadth.  Tiie direction of Lhe location line is , and  feet of this claim lie to the right and feet to the  left of the location line.  "Hated this day of ,189  "Take care to number the posts 1.  making the initial post 1."  l.>. Schedule li to the said Act is hereby aniended by  striking out, wherever the same appears, the word  "side," .substituted for the word "centre" by the "Mineral Act (IS'Jl) Amendment Act, IS'.12, ' and mserling in  lieu thereof Hie word "location."  If!. Schedule C lo the said Act is hereby amended by  striking out the word "centre," wherever tho same appears and inserting in lieu thereof the word "location."  17. Schedule K to tho said Act" is hereby repealed, and  the following inserted in lieu thereof:���  "FOLtMJ'V  "NOTICE    OK    AI'I'LICXTION"     KOIi    CKRTII'TCATE    OK     IW-  I'ltOVK.MKNTS.  " Mineral Claim.  "Take notice that I, . free miner's  certilicate Xo. .intend, sixty days from  the date  hereof, to apply to the Gold Commissioner for a certilicate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  "And further take notice that adverse claims.must be  sent to the Mining Recorder, and action commenced before the issuance of such certilicate of improvements.  .-���'Dated this day of 1S.I   ."  18. Schedule G of the said Act is hereby repealed.  li). .Schedule IT. of the said Act is hereby repealed, and  in lieu thereof the following substituted:���  "KORM H.-.  "Application for Certilicate of Improvements.  .. "Aitj.icant's 'Affidavit.  "I,        t , of , in the district  of .... free miner, make oath and say:���  "(I.) J am the recorded holder, and am in undisputed  possession of the Mineral Claim.'situate  at , in the District (or Division) of  "(2.) I have done, or caused to be done, work on the  said claim in developing a mine to the value of at least  live hundred dollars, full particulars of which are hereunto annexed aud marked'A.'  "[Particulars must be exclusive of all houses and other  like improvements.]  ",.>.) 1 have found a vein or lode within the limits of  the said claim.  "(4.) 1 have had the claim surveyed by ,  who has made three plats of the said claim.  "(o.) I liaxe placed one such plat on a conspicuous part  of the land embraced in such plat.  "(ti.) I have posted a copy of the notice hereunto annexed, mid marked 'li,' at the same place as said pint is  posted, and another copy on the Mining Recorders oflice  at , which said notice and plat have been  posted, and have remained posted, for at least sixty days  prior to the date of this allidavit.  "(7.) 1 have inserted a copy of the said notice in the  Hritish Columbia Gazette, and iu the , a  newspaper published iu the Province and circulating in  the district in which the said claini is situated, for at  least sixty days prior to the date of this allidavit.  ���'Sworn", etc.  "[This affidavit may be made by an agent, and can be  alfuivu Lo sun circumstances.|"  ���if). Schedule ,I to the said Act is hereby repealed, and  the following inserted in lieu thereof:���  "KORM .1.  "Mi.vim; RiceoitnKU's Ckktii-'icatk.  Mineral Claim.  "Date located, Date recorded,  "To the Gold Commissioner of  "Hut.���t herewith enclose the sum of dollars,  and the following documents relating lo an application  for a certilicate of improvements to too above claim:-���  "Allidavit ��r ��� applicant, (Korm H);  "Copy of plat of claim:  "C'opv of surveyors lljld notes.  "And' I hereby certify that has published  a.notice of his intention to apply for a certilicate of improvements for sixty days in the Government Gazette  and newspaper, and that no adverse claim  has been filed in this otlice up to this date.  "Dated.       ., 18;)   ���.,..��� ,     ���  , Mining Recorder.  21. Schedule L to the said Act is hereby amended by  striking out section 1 thereto.  22. There shall be levied and collected from the owner  or occupier of every mineral or placer claim of which a  Crown grant has issued, including Crown grants issued  under uuLhority of an Act made and passed in the HUtli  year of Her Majesty's reign. intitled"An Act to amend  lhe 'Gold Mining Ordinance, 18!!/,'aud the 'Gold Mining  Amendment Act, 1.S72," an annual tax of twenty-live  cents for every acre and fractional part of an acre of land  conveyed bv the grant, payable on the thirtieth day of  June in each year. Such tax shall form a charge upon  the claim. The Assessor appointed under or by virtue of  anv existing Assessment Act, or any Collector appointed  uii'ler the "Provincial Revenue Tax Act, ' is hereby au-  thoriz'jd.as to the mineral or placer claims situate within  the district for which he is appointed, to collect and rc-  0i ive tiie tax. In the event of the tax not being paid lo  the Assessor or Collector, the Gold Commissioner may in  hit: discretion cause the claim upon which the lax is  charged to be tillered for sale by public auction, of which  sixty days' notice shall be posted upon the principal  Court House of tho District in which theclalin M situate.  The Present Method, of Collecting Custom Duties in Southern Kootenay.  "The Tribune should jump on Jlr.  Mara witli both, feet, now that il litis a  good chance," remarked a well-known  liaker'street business man on Wednesday  night.  '"Whtit for?"' was the very natural  query of Tui3 TK.iiiL7.VE reporter.  '"Why, because of his opposition to  Nelson being made a port ot* entry," replied the, business man. "Jf he had  pushed the matter, as he was requested  to do last winter, Nelson would now be a  port of entry and the Dominion hundreds  of dollars ahead in revenue, for it is a notorious i'aet that thousands of dollars  worth of goods have been brought in this  season already in which not a dollar of  duty has been paid. It is impossible for  the customs ofiicers aboard Lhe boats that  ply between Nelson or Kaslo and Bonner's  Ferry to examine the goods in transit,  and they ha.ye no opportunity to examine  theui after they are landed on the floating  dock at Kaslo or on the wharf at Nelson.  If Nelson, the uiost central point iu Southern Koofenayf h"ad"been made a "port of  entry, this loose way of doing business  wouid have been avoided. But making  Nelson a port of entry did not suit Mr.  Mara, as he wants Nakusp made the poi t  of entry. He cares nothing for Kaslo,  more than appearing Lo favor the people  of that town by opposing all the requests  made by the people of Nelson."  AVhile Tnrc Tribuxh believes that Mr.  Mrra cares little or nothing for this sec-  . tion of his district, it does not believe that  he is fool enough to imagine that the government will make so un important a pla.ee  as Nakusp the port of entry for Southern  Kootenay. The port of entry should be at  Nelson, because from it business men in  every town in'Southern Kootenay could  get their dutiable goods without delay  and without expense. It is the town at  which the banks are located, at which the  postal facilities are fairly good, and at  which telephone and telegraphic facilities  can be had. At- present, thecustom-liouse  at the boundary line on Kootenay river  has not even mail facilities, to say nothing of warehouse, room in which to store  merchandise if stopped in transit on account of ���irregularities'. Then again, if the  port of entry was at some central point  much of the friction that now takes place  between the customs ''officials and the  business men -wou.ltI be removed, for most  of it is caused by the latter not understanding the regulations prescribed by  the customs department. The expense to  the government would be less than at  present, for even if both Nelson and Kaslo  were made ports of entry, no more officials  would be employed than under the present illegal manner of carrying on the business of the customs .department.aboard,  steamboats. That it is illegal will not be  disputed by even Mr. Mara.  Nothing Lost by Being Polite.  F. G. Christie, general agent of the  Columbia 6c Kootenay Steam Navigation  Company, is one of the most polite and  agreeable men in Nelson, and is never  otherwise except when approached by  some one connected with Tiik TitMU/\vi<:.  Last week the Vancouver World had a  representative in Nelson, and lie was introduced to Mr. Christie by the proprietor of the hotel at which they were both  stopping. Mr. Christie complimented the  World for its great independence, and  casually remarked that he had read  a very readable article descriptive of  ths Okanogan country in a recent issue.  That remark touched the correspondent's  soft spot, and he remarked with a smile  overspreading his features, "Why, 1 wrote  that article, but it was not printed in full  in the daily issue which you saw. The  article is complete in the weekly, and a.s J  have one in my valise up stairs, I wiil get  it and read you the whole article." Before  an objection could be raised, the World  representative was up the stairway, three  stops at a time, and within a minute was  back reading the article to Mr. u'hristie  and the hotel proprietor. The reading  consumed an hour or more, and when finished the hotel proprietor gave the World  representative a reduced" rate <>n his  board bill and Mr. Christie gave Ijim n  year's subscription to the Weekly World,  saying as he did so that the W'orld had  none but able men on its staff and was  therefore deserving of patronage.  The  Current  Week's   Facts  and   Rumors  Detailed in Brief.  The Spokane, looking as if brand new,  is now ma king regular trips between Kaslo  and Bonner's Ferry, with Captain Gray in  command and George Caton as purser.  The State of Idaho will be on the same  run within ten days. Later on, both boats  wiil run to Nelson.  If it change is not made before this appears in print, the .steamer Lytton will  leave the mouth of Kootenay river for  Northport.on Mondays,AVednesdays, and -  Fridays; returning, she will arrive at'the  mouth of., rthe Koo.tenay on Tuesdays,  Thursdays, and Saturdays. The steamer  Nelson Avill leave Nelson for Bonner's  Ferry, via Kaslo, on Mondays, Wednes-_  days, and -Fridays, returning on Tues-"  days, and Saturdays. Trains on the  Columbia & Kootenay railway will leave  Nelson "for the mouth of Kootenay river  on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays,  at 7 P. M.  Captain Gore of the steamer Lytton  was in Nelson on Saturday. He said that,  from all reports he had received there  was still 'ice in the Columbia river, not  only below Eevelstoke, but in The Narrows as well. On the up trip ou. Saturday  a line had' to be used three times, but he  was in hopes that by another week the  stage of water would allow the Lytton to  take a.n interest in their work. Last summer I had a number of good men working  for me in the Slocan district, but every  one of them shook me as soon as they had  earned enough to buy a grub stake with.  Other operators tell me they hud the same  experience. What is wanted, now that  work is soon to be recommenced on many  promising claims, is miners that Avill   be  .content to work at their trade and not go  off prospecting us soon as they haveearned  .a few dollars. Wages will be the same as  in Idaho and Montana, and I can see no  reason why we should uot have-as good  nien here as are-employed in' the mines in ���  ' those s ta tes." liilllllJjj' J'v " -''', ���   '  LETTERS FROM THE UNITED STATES.  ANOTHER   SMELTER  TALKED 'OF.  THIS    ONE     IS    TO     REDUCE    THE     PY-  RIT1C    ORES    OF    THE    LE    ROI,'  Are a Long Time in Transmission to Kootenay  Lake Points.  run up to Robson. The boat is handling  considerable freight, for the contractors  on the Spokane & Northern extension.  John Hamilton, local boss of the Columbia 6c Kootenay railway, says 'This Tki-  BUNicwas wrong in saying that the freight  rate from Spokane to Nelson by the Great  Northern and Bonner's Ferry route was  less by one-half than the rate from the  same place by the Spokane Northern and  Columbia river route. Instead, the rates  are practically the same and are, as follows: 100-pound rate���1st class, 7-1 cents;  2nd class, 00 cents; 3rd class, 59 cents.  Carload rate���4th and 5th class, 55 cents.  We are glad to make this correction,  I'or both the .Spokane Northern and Columbia 6c Kootenay have issued us'auiuial  1 lasses over their respective roads, and  oue good turn deserves another.'  Tho engineer party, in'charge of Mr.  Tabor, are camped tit Bogustown. It is  reported that the Nelson 6c Fort Sheppard  truck will start from a point at or near  the government wharf, thence run up the  outlet to Daly's ranch, thence b^ck along  the side of the mountain, crosdmg the east  fork-of Cotton wood. Smith creek below |  the old Fair view mineral claim.  "Billy" McLean says he has graded  more miles of railway in British Columbia  for nothing than any man iu the province,  and is willing to heipout the Nelson &  Fort Sheppard contractors if they will  only give him a show. As "Billy" and  Peter Larson slept under the same pair of  blankets at-Bisuiarck in 1877, during construction days oil the Northern Pacific, he  is in hopes that Peter will not overlook  him when the sub-contracts are apportioned.  Colville Republican, 15th: "There is  now a grand rush to the front where work  'will begin on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard  road next Aveek. Already men are "at  work building' a wagon road along the  Hue."  The Railway Aid Act passed by the legislative assembly guarantees 4 per cent  interest for twenty-five years on the  bonds of the Nakusp & Slocan railway  and the Nicola Valley railway, and 2 per  cent interest on the bonds of the Chilli-  whack railway, the roads to be bonded at  the rate of $25,000 to the mile. The Nicola  Valley road will start from ti point at or  near Spence's Bridge, on the line of Canadian Pacific railway; thence running in a  southeasterly direction, and following the  valley of the Nicola river and terminating  at a point at or near the western extremity of Nicola lake, Avith a branch commencing at or near the junction of the  Gold water and Nicola rivers, and extending in a southerly direction along the valley of the Cold water river to a point-at or  near the1 junction of the Voght and Cold-  water rivers. The Nttkusp 6c Slocan road  will start at-Nakusp, a point on the Columbia river about halfway between Revelstoke and Robson, and run to the head  of Slocan  lake, thence  to a  point ttt oi  near the forks of Carpenter creek. This  company has power to build branches  wherever it pleases as it is a road chartered Ijy the Dominion oi Canada. The  Chilliwhack road is to begin at a point on  the Mission branch of the Canadian Pacific  railway and run thence to Chilli whack, a  town on Frascr river, some thirty-odd  miles up stream from   Sew Westminster.  Captain Troup arrived in Nelson on  Thursday from Xorthport. He reports  his company already handliiigsupplies for  the Nelson 6c Fort Sheppard contractors,  avJio expect to begin Avork at once at the  boundary line, lie also stated that the  river was open through to Iicvolstoke,  ttnd that an effort would be made at once  to open up communications. The river is  rising very slow, howcA'er, and the Lytton  still lands at the mouth of Kootenay river.  Captain Troup left Nelson this morning  intending' to try and make Revelstoke  with the steam barge llleeillewaet, which  has been tied up at Robson all winter.  Captain Short arrived in Nelson on  Thursday from Portland, Oregon, where  he spent the winter. lie will, for awhile,  be oi.e of the captains on the Spokane.  A (Jood Country fox* Good Miners.  "One of the difficulties that mi no-owners  have hud to contend against in this section heretofore should bo made known  now," remarked a mining operator at  Nelson to a representative of Tiik Titi-  m/iNTi<:,"and that is thedifliculty of getting  experienced miners who will stick to anil  Kaslo, April 15th, 1893.-  T6 tiik Editor of This Trihune: Can  you suggest any method���beyond possessing one's soul in patieuce���by which  the mail from the United States may be  received here within a reasonable time?  My experience���bad enough, but not  worse than that of others���is that letters  from California, which reach Victoria in  three days, Spokane in four, may, barring  accidents, find their owners at" Kaslo in  from twelve to fifteen days. The trouble  would therefore appear to be in the postal  arrangements at this end of the line, or,  to be more exact, in the transmission of  the mails from either Victoria or Spokane,  or from both, to Kaslo. Will you kindly  give your readers your vieAvs on the subject?' J. J. Barclay.  The Tribune is possessed of little more  knowledge regarding the transmission of  mail   matter originating   in   the  United  States addressed to postofficcs in this'section of British Columbia than the ordinary mortal.   It only knoAvs that all mail  matter  addressed   to   postollices in  the  United States deposited in postofficcs in  this section is forwarded from Nelson to  Spokanefordistribution. SpokaneandNelson are exchange offices I'or ordinary mail,  but not for registered mail.   Letters hoav  mailed in the eastern and western states  for points in this section first go to Victoria, and Avill  continue going there until  such time as the Columbia river is open to  Revelstoke, when they will be forwarded  direct A'ia Revelstoke.   All letters mailed  at Pacific coast cities, like San Francisco,  now go to Victoria, Avherc they are sorted  and forwarded direct to Nelson or Kaslo.  All   letters   mailed   in   Montana,   Idaho,  Uttih, Eastern Oregon and Eastern Washington for points on  Kootenay lake are,  or   should   be,   forwarded   to   Spokane,  whence they are sent direct to Nelson for  distribution.   Until Kaslo is made an exchange oflice with Spokane, no improvement need be looked for in the transmission of mail matter, and even  then the  improvement-will not be apparent, for the  people of Nelson also complain of the long  time taken'.; in  the transmission of mail  matter,, not only from San Francisco, but  ���from;places as near home as Kaslo.  A   NICELY   WORDED   DENIAL.  The People of Bonner's Ferry Do Dearly Love  Their Neighbors, the British.  BoxNEii's Pmiiin', April 10th, 1893.  To the Editor of The Tribune: As a  subscriber and reader of 'your .'valuable  paper, 1 hope you will allow me space to  join issue with your editorial, "Hate  Everything British," in the issue of the  18th. You are quite right in suggesting  that our growth and 'prosperity, at this  time, are largely due to the .development  of.your portion of the British possessions.  .Howeyer, it should be remembered that  surrounding us on all sides are valley  lands of wonderful fertility and unlimited  quantities of timber. -Thereare also \-ery  rich mines of ore within a few miles of  town. Thus, while your statement may  be true at present, you must admit our  resources are sufficient to support a A'ery  large city when they are developed. But  this is not the point I Avish to discuss.  As one of the merchants of Bonner's  Ferry, and one of the first to settle here,  I may claini to know the feelings and  characteristics of our people quite as well  as anybody. My business is such that 1  have kept in touch, with them very closely,  and it is not egotism for me to speak for  them in this connection. I do not hesitate to say you do us a great injury when  you charge that we "harshly criticise the  character, manners, and customs of your  people, and utter censorious mid bitter  speeches against the Jaws of the country."  You seem to forget that the manners,  customs, and laws of the two countries  are almost identical. Tho mining laws,  and these are the ones we tire both most  deeply interested in, are with but insignificant modification exactly alike. So it  would be impossible to disparage one system ami not include the other. Then  again, the criticisms you speak of, I have  never heard. On the contrary, our people are ever ready to praise the good qualities of the laws and people of Canada,  and when Canadians come among us their  welcome is equally warm and cordial as  the welcome we receive in Canada. We  realize very distinctly that we are one  people^ Our people deplore the imaginary  line which separates the two governments.  So mutually dependent are the two,countries, that unless there is harmony and  friendship neither can attain the utmost  prosperity. The disposition you ascribe  to us does not in fact exist. We make no  difference in our conduct towards Canadians and Americans. Please allow us to  oiler this correction.     C. R. Raymond.  Trail Creek's Most Famous Mine���The Location  ,of the Works Not Yet Definitely Decided  On, but It Will Be Probably on the Columbia River. _���   There has been a good deal of talk lately  in regard to the erection of a smelter to  'reduce-the ores of,Trail -Creek.district^-  and tiie following from the* Spokane Re-  Arie\v of the 13th is the latest:  The deal between the .Le Roi Mining  Company and the Pyritical Smelting Company, by which a smelter is to be built at  Northporfc or across the border in the  Trail Creek country, was discussed a great  deal in mining circles yesterday, and it  was the general impression that all par-,  ties meant business and that the smelter  -would be built before October.  The proposition which the smelting company nmde to the Le Roi people was iu  substance tliis: Jf the mining company  would proceed witli its development work  until it could prove to the satisfaction of '  the smelting company tha.t it had and  could furnish 100,000 tons of ore. a smelter  of 200 tons daily capacity would be erected  to treat the ore. The exact terms of the  contract have been what has puzzled the  two companies and the amount of bond  that each party to the contract should  gi\-e. The Le Roi people are positive  from their present showing that they  would have no difficulty in ��� ncovering  the 100,000 tons, but would expect to spend  consider;) ble money putting in electric  drills aud late machineiy for economically  working the mine.  The point of location has been the cause  of some delay in the deal. For several  reasons the smelting company would prefer to locate at Northport, but that would  mean a branch line of the Spokane &  Northern railroad up into the Trail Creek  district, a distance of thirteen miles, as well  as the construction of a steam ferry that  Avould carry a train of cars across the river.  Mr. Corbin, it" is said, estimates tJiat the  road and ferry will cost in the neighborhood of $100,000. He is not averse to building the road, as the line has been surveyed for some time and the British government has granted a charter for him to  run on Canadian soil: but he is also looking for a guarantee, lie desires lo be as- -���  sured. before spending $100,000 in an enterprise of tin's character, that there will  be sufficient freightage to pay for the operation of the road.  Trail Creek is an excellent mining camp  and one in which Mr. Corbin has great  confidence, but it is said he desires to  make certain that the ore will be shipped  if the road is built. Just as soon, therefore, as the miners are ready to make  their guarantees and enter into bonds the  smelting company and railroad Avill be  ready to do likewise.  The Le Roi mine is a producer of copper  and gold ore. Near the Nelson &,Port '  .Sheppard road is the Silver King, producing copper and silver, with 1,100 feet of  tunnel, besides crosscuts and drifts, and  with thousands of tons of ore in sight.  The ores of the Silver King and Le Hoi  are necessary in.-the pyritical process. J3y  this -process coke is not used as in''ordinary  smelting, but tiie sulphur in the ore is  consumed and if there is not enough sulphur wood is used. The ore is reduced to  a copper mat, which is sent to a refinery.  Positive They Will Go Down.  Last l'all,.just after getting a bond on  the Chambers.group of claims, which are  situate a shortdistance above where Cody  creek joins the west fork of Carpentor  creek, John' M. Burke remarked that if  ore was encountered in the tunnel that he  had started to drive on the Chambers  claim, it would, in his opinion, settle the  point a.s to whether or not the mines in  the Slocan country had depth. He argued  that the gulch through which.flowed the  south fork of Carpenter creek avus nothing  more than an open cut. made by Nature  to aid in the development of the mineral-  bearing-ledges of that section. The bottom ot the gulch was from 1500 to 2.">(K)  feet below the croppings of the mineral  ledges, and if ore was encountered in. a  tunnel started from the bottom, of the  great natural open cut, it was a pretty  sure indication that the ledges further up  the sides of the cut, like those of the Jlico  and Blue Bird and I'Yeddie Lee and Slocan Star, would go down. The tunnel lie  started on the Chambers is now in over  200 feet, and the ledge is found to be well-  defined and over twenty feet wide. The  ledge matter is so well mineralized that it  appears to be; a tliree-into-onc concentrating proposition, and as the natural facilities at the niiueare unequalcd, the cost of  concentration will be very low. The result of this work on the Chambers has  given Mr. Burke renewed confidence, not  only iu Slocan district, but in Kaslo,  where, ho says, he is doing a nice banking  business.  Will Begin Active Operations.  Thomas Johnson..managerof theShafer  Cold Mining Company, was iu Nelson on  Saturday.' lie said that as soon as machinery could be got on the ground work  would be resumed on the company's tunnel at Ainsworth. An engine and boiler  had been purchased in Spokane and an  offer would be made I'or the air compressor  and machine drill now at the Blue Hell  mine. Mr. Johnson is sanguine that his  company Avill make n ten strike, as the  ledge for which they are heading can be  traced for over 10,000 feet on the surface.  Iu runnniug the tunnel 170 feet several  small stringers of ore were cut. a  2  THE TMBUKS:' iTEfiioif, B.C., THlMMY aMIl, 20, -1803.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TIMKL'XE N published on Thnrj-days, by John  Houston & Co., anil will bo mailed to Mibi-criber*  on payment of One 1)OU..\h ii year. Xo Mibk-ri|uion  taken' for lews than a year.  KKGULAK ADVICKTI.SKMLNTH i.rinlcrt nl, tins following rate*: One ineli, i'M a year; I wo inche*.  Slid a vear: Ihree inches jSl u'.vear; four inches.  $il(i a vbar: live inches, S10,j a .vein". six inches ami  over, at tlio rale.of Sl.oD'an ineh per inonlli.  TKANKIKNT ADvichTI.SKMKNTS 2D cents :i line for  first insertion and 10 eents a lino I'or each additional  insertion.    Birlh,  marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL Oil KKAIMNU il ATTKIt XOTICKS f.() cents a  line each insertion.  JOH HUNTING al fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on I lie lirst of  every month; subscription, iu advance.  A lillANCH OFFICIO, with Jlr. H. II. Ivuuip in charge,  is established at Kaslo. .Mr. Kemp is authorized to  receipt, for subscriptions and contracl for advertisements.  ADHKIOSS all communications to  TIIK TltllUJXK. Xelson, H. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DUlUb',  M.U.���Physician and KiirKenii.    I looms 3  ���   and -I  Houston  block, Xelson.   Telephone ���!-'.  RANDALL II. ICKMI', M.l<:.--Examines and reports  on mines and prospects. Twenty years' continuous  experience. Independent of any mine or works. Not in-  t-irosted in the buving or selling of mines or prospects.  Kaslo, IJ.O.   LR. ir.AI.'lMSOX, H. A.���Harrisler and Attorney at  ��� Law (of tho province of New Brunswick). Conveyancer, Not arv I'ublic, Commissioner for taking Allidavits  for use iu the Courts of British Columbia, etc Olliccs���  l!ooms!)and 10, Houston block, Josephine St.. Nelson, B.C.  FOR   SALE.  TIIK COItN'fXG TlOlfSrc on Stanley street. Xelson.   A  2-story dwelling entirely new.    If not sold it will be  leased.   A'pply to G. O. Buchanan.  ��tte ��rtlume  TIIUKSDAV MORNING.  APRIL 20,   I8!W  BOTH   UNWISE   AND   ILLIBERAL.  ���The provincial governinent has, in its  ���wisdom, seen fit to insert a new idea in the  Mineral Actthat is, that thosurfaceground  of a mineral claim, even after a crown  grant is issued therefor, shall remain  vested in the crown, and nitty be granted  - or disposed of as is provided by the land  laws for the time being iu force.  This irlea is a wrong one, and Ti-irc  TitniaxE predicts it will lead to no end oi  litigation���but, probably, that is just the  reason why it was incorporated in the  act. There can be no good reasons advanced for treating the owner of a mineral claim in a different' manner from the  owner of any other land. There is just as  much sense in depriving the owner of a  mineral claim of the surface rights of his  ground as there would be in depriving the  farmer of his the moment he uses his land  for other purposes than raising'-grain or  vegetables, or of the stockraiser when he  ceases to graze stock on his pasturage  land. The owner of a 50-acre mineral  claini should have just as much right to  sell the surface of his ground for town  lots as the owner of an lu'0-acre preemption. The one is required to spend hundreds of dollars in development work and  surveys before a crown grant will be  issued, and the other is required to do  much the same. Where one mineral claim  yields any return whatever to its owner,  a hundred preemptions give tlieir owners  at least a fair living. The owner of a  mineral claim is required to pay a tax of  so much per acre, whether his claim is  valuable or worthless; the owner of a preemption pays taxes on the assessed Aralue  of his land. The one pays taxes on property that is his absolutely; the other .pays  taxes on that which is his precariously.  Apparently, the government labors  under the belief that when it grants a  man the right to prospect for mineral it  has granted him a pension for life, or  something that can be hypothecated at  the banks for ready money. It does nothing of the sort, however, for no calling is  more uncertain of yielding a fixed income.  From this time on,-every free miner, in  British Columbia should work for the repeal of this amendment.  PROMPT   ACTION   SHOULD   BE   TAKEN.  Is the Nelson hospital to flic a born ing,  all because of a diversity of opinion as to  whether or not it should be under religious control? A general hospital for the  Kootenay Lake country should not be  under the control of any religious organization. If the hospital project is to pass  into the hands of a religious body, then  let that religious body assume all the 'responsibilities in tiie matter. If the people  are to build the hospital and contribute  the bulk of the money for its maintenance,  then the people should manage it without  interference or dictation from tiny church.  All fair-minded people will admit that the  Sisters of the Catholic Church tire good  nurses and good collectors of money, but  while admitting this, they know well that  the church of which they are a part is not  looking for any the Avorst of it in worldly  matters. If tiie people of Nelson have  not the,public spirit to get the hospital  building started at once, then they should  not stand in the way of the people of  other towns possessed of the necessary  public spirit.   The Nicola Valley Railway Company,  the Kaslo <fc Slocan Railway Company,  and the Chilliwhack Railway Company.  all offsprings of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, were granted aid by the  province at the late session of the legislative assembly. Nothing like having at  least one rich and influential parent.  Tiik more railways built into the mining  districts of the province the better, but  no particular row! should be singled out  by the province on which to lavish favors.  All roads should be treated alike. Rut  like treatment will only be meted out  when a general raihvay act is passed, one  that will allow men with money to build  railways without first getting permission  from a legislative body made up of'men  whose horse sense is generally made subservient to personal interests and iiicle-  bound prejudices.  Tino businessmen of Kaslo are evidently  afraid that the business men of Nelson  have an entangling net in theSouth Kootenay Board of Trade, and if once in  its meshes they will forever afterwards  be helpless., Boys, you are just a trifle  too wary. The South Kootenay Board of  Trade is what its name indicates, and it  will do the business men of every town  and hamlet in Southern Kootenay a power  of good.    .Judging from late issues of the Victoria  Times, typesetting machines must have a  depressing influence on editors and reporters.    A.S l'RIODlCTKU in Tiik Tin bunk last  week, the,legislative assembly passed an  act guaranteeing the bonds of the Nakusp  6c Slocan Raihvay Company. This was a  piece of special legislation made in the interest of a corporation with a "'pull." If  the Canadian Pacific had not been back of  the Nakusp 6c Slocan Company the guarantee would novel- have been granted1.'  Tiik third session of the sixth parliament of British Columbia has come to an  end, and it might be asked, why was it  ever begun? The time was nearly all spent  in considering private bills, by which the  province gave men and corporations with  a "pull" something for nothing. Until ,pri-  vate or special legislation is prohibited,  little wise public legislation need be expected from any meu that may, for the  time, have control of the government.  During the last days of the session the  legislative assembly passed a bill to amend  the charter of the Consumers' Waterworks Company of Nelson. A.s this is a  private company whose business will be  entirely with the people of Nelson, it  would only have been fair had the government, who, it seems, took the bill  under its protecting wing, let the fact be  known to our people. No one liere even  knows in what particulars the charter  was aniended. This is simply another instance of special legislation for the benefit of men with a."pull."  The morcaulile agencies, like Brad-  street's and Dun, Wiiiiau & Co.'s, arc useful when they give correct ratings, We  do not know who represents these rival  concerns at-Nelson, but we do know that  the ratings given the business men of  Nelson by the Dun-Wiman agency Avere  either made by guesswork or by someone  who had a personal grudge against several of our leading business men.  Already .the evils of Mr. Mara's objection to Nelson being made a port of entry  are being felt. A consignment of dressed  beef for Nelson and Kaslo was stopped��it  Bonner's Ferry this week because no invoice accompanied the .shipment.' But,  .then, Mr. Mara never has done, and never  will do, anything for the people-of Kootenay.     -  According to a letter printed in another  column, the statement made by TiikTrib-  uxk, ���tliat the people of Bonner's Ferry  hated us Britishers, is all wrong. The pep-',  pie of that enterprising trade center love  us as dearly as the average married man  loves his lnother-in-laAv. The Tribune is  only too glad to make the correction.  TAX NOTICE.  Notice is hereby yiven that assessed and provincial  revenue taxes for the year ISIKi arc now due and payable  at my oilice.  If Paid on or Before the 30th. June���  Provincial revenue tax $'.' per capita.  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate.  One-third of one per cent on the assessed value of persona! property.  Two per cent on the assessed value of wild land.  One-half of one per cent on the income of every person  of liftecn hundred dollars and over,  If Paid on or After the 1st July���  Two-thirds of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate.  One-half of one percent on the assessed value of personal property.  Three-quarters of one percent on the income of every  person of fifteen hundred dollars and over.  Two and one-half per cent on the assessed value of wild  land. T. II. GIKKIN.  Assessor and collector soul hern division of  West ICootenay district.  Xelson, February liitli. 18!>X  FURNITURE S PUIS  jas. Mcdonald & co.  JOSEPHINE  STREET, NELSON,  Carrv full lines of all kinds of  Ktirniture for residences, hotels,  and oflices.    Mattresses made to  order, and at prices lower than  eastern and coast manufacturers.  (NOTARY   rUIU.lC.)  Stone Block, ICASLO.  MINES  REAL ESTATE  SOl.K  AOKXT  l''OI{  'lit:  The business centre for the Kaslo-Slocan mines  MAXACIXfi    ADK.VT     I'OH  JLi^JRIDO.  The key lo the great Lardo and Duncan Iiivcr Camps.  A New Railway Under Construction.  uybepr^tye  In the RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  EEBATB   ALLOWED   POE   (3-OOTD   EXJILDIN-GS.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  TH  UT  .1  THE CENTRE OF THE LARDEAU COUNTRY.  Apply for  an  Prices,  Maps, Etc.  I  to  3  Land  Commissioner  Columbia &  Kootenay  Railway Co.,  3STEJ3LS02ST,  B. O.  GOLD.  SILVEE.  LEAD.  (Notary   Public)  AND  JELi  *i  AUCTIONEER and COMMISSION AGENT  ;.   JtKI'ltKSlSNTIXG    The Confederation Life Association.  Thel'lujonix Fire Insurance Company,  The Provident Fund Accident Company;  AI.HO,  The Sandy Croft Foundry Company, near Chester, Kng-  ltiucl, makers of all kinds of mining machinery, air  compressors, rock breakers, .stamps, elc.  No. 1 JOSEPHINE STREET,  ITELSOH",   IB. O.  (The Naglc-Davies Crown Grant,)  ^amps.  The Gateway of the Lardo-Dunean Mining &  The Head of Navigation at the North End of Koooteiiay Lake.  The Terminus of the Government Trail.  The Only Flat Land Not Subject to Overflow and the Only Harbor at the North End of Koolenay Lake.  As previously announced by notices already published, the first 200. lots having been sold, prices are  Now advanced to $100 for Insides, and $160 for Corners.  Terms, one-third cash, balance in 3 and 6 months.  John   L.    Retallaek,    Managing*  Agent,   STON]  ^LOCK,-  S3>i  KASLO.   B. C.  II. 11. LKK, Notary Public.  HAPiItY II. U'Alil)  LOTS FOR SALE  ADDIm"  IN  it  j?  Adjoining the government townsite of Xelson,  AT $125 and UPWARDS,  with a rebate for buildings erected.   The best residential  property in Nelson.   Value sure to increase.  Apply to  -:-   W. A. JOWETT,   -:-  Mining and  Real   Estate   Broker.  Auctioneer  and Commission Agent,  Agent  for Xelson  and  West  Ivooleniiy District, or to  INNKS& IUUIIARDS. Vancouver. H. C.  G.  \V.: -RlCJIAKDSON,  Nelson.  R.  J. BlCAI.KV.  Kaslo.  ICHARDSONI BEALEY  REAL" ESTATE       ���  FINANCIAL^-:- AGENTS  $10,000  TO  LOAN  ON REAL,  ESTATE  SECURITY.  The Largest Choice of Good Business Locations in Xaslo.  Several Fromising Claims for Sale on Reasonable Terms.  Local Agents for Slocan City and Four Mile City.  Conveyancing.  OFFICE:  if  'ZROjlST  stee:  T  E-3  ^jR-A-IC  EASLO:  B_  C.  aSHETW7- BUlfirSB  REVELSTOKE  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,  Real Estate and  S  ACIENTS  KOIt  TOWN  OF SEATON.  Office in BANK BUILDING, KASLO.  ��r  -A.ISTID     ^^.ZEZTTSIP  X  TJ o  mercnanaise  UNTIL  MAY 1st  (Deputy   Sherili)  LICENSED   AUCTIONEER  XKLSOX,   ��. C.  Auction sales made al. any point in West Kuoienay  district. Town lots and mining claims bought .mid sold  on commission. A general real estate busiii'.'ss tnuiacted.  Oilice for the present at residence, corner Carbonate and  Ivoot.enay streets.  Freight for New Denver and Four Mile 01  Will be Hauled from Nakusp for 2 Cents a Pound.  A Special Rate made from New Denver and Four Miio City to  Any Mine in Slocan District,  FOR PARTICULARS APPLY TO  TIL  u:  MAY 1st  Hugh Mann, Nakusp, or L. N. Ai>mit, New Denver.  TIIKV  AKK ALSO AIIKNTS  l''01C  Evans Pianos and  Doherty Organs  Nelson   Livery Stable  I'assenKors and luiKKfitfc   transferred  to and   from  the  railway depot aud steamboat landing.    Kreiyht  hauled anil job IcamiiiK done.   Stove  wood for sale.  WIUSON & WILLIAMSON'..,.  J.  t J,  THE  LIMITED  HI, I .A. BILIT "ST.  tu  AQ1  LSI  enee  soper  "TORONTO SAFE WORKS,"  : Toronto, Ontario,  MA.NUKAO'IT'ISHKS Ol''  FIRE-PROOF  RURGLAR-PROOF  usiness-  Blocks A and B (water frontage) Nov/ on he Market.  Anticipated Rush now on.   Prices will advance 25 per cent on and after April 1st.  O. T. STONE, Townsite-Agent, Front St.,.. Kaslo, B.  T. .1. ROADLKV.   -AND   VAULT  DOORS.  ..I'KOl'llIKTOI  ��J  John M. Kv.kvvm. .Iamkh W. Shai.i:.  Reefer & seale  TEAMSTERS.  Job leamiiiKdone.    Have several hundred cords of jjood  wood, which will be sold al. reasonable prices.  I.KAVK    OUDKICH    AT  J.  F. Htimo  &   Co.'s,   Vernon   Street,   Nelson.  Commission  REAL  ESTATE  Merchants   and  MATIIKW CIUTIIKIK.  NES.  Insurance  i.AJi*i'  *.:&  Aerents.  Desirable Kaslo Property on Easy Terms.     A Long List of Kaslo-Slocan Mining  Properties for Sale.  Assessment Work Done and Abstracts Furnished Outside Parties.    Conveyancing.  OFFICE   IUST   THE    STOZNTE    BTJILDIMGr,   ZFIROiEsTT   STREET,   E1A.SLO.  -"   'T. ,���.    i-m .Tift    ��'l,     ������        ,"     -!   - .i*V-      ii        �����������    '     !&>�����      <ir    ,4��  -i||(.     ��    .' I1'  1",T.    "J 11JL ��� ��� ���- ���   P'P' "  . ��� ������.-.���orJt-'Ev  T _ ll    I.   I  j i i i      ii  !^C^=^*^T'>^' ygitw\j,-v w.a>-",'-w frr.'j I*'  BWi'JTiJJJliLJlM'.  THE TKCBTJNE:   NELSON   B."C.,' THC/BSDAY, APRIL  20,' 1893.  jgrwJf%~*u TT,1'*S"'-'ai ��  i-gjgK'.'liMCM  1 ��� i S  GENERAL   MER  wT  ma  A 6.  ���GIANT. P  Llll III I[llil Imkh  Li  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     -  $12,000,000  6?GGG,000  Sir DONALD  A.  SMITH President  lion.  OKO. A. niiirilllOXl) Vice-President,  K y. ULOUHTON ' General Manager  3STELS01ST   B^SA.TSTCI-3:  N.W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.   ���    I'.UANC'IIKS   IN      -  LONDON  (England),   NEW YORK    CHICAGO,  and in i.he principal cities in Canada.  liny and soil .Sterling  HN-chuiigo and Cable Transfers  CHANT CO.'.tMKHfTAl. ANlJ TUAVKI.I.KIts" (JKIOOiTci,  available in any part, of Lhe world.  llltAI'TS   ISriL'KD:  C'OM.HCITIUNS  .MAUI-;:   K'I'C.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATH OF INTKItliST (at present) !�� Per Cent.  AN EVER-RECURRING PROBLEM.  How to Deal "With the Thousands of the Unem  "   ployed Men and Women.  Uii^litiul   lias, ii:c!cod. Rood  cause to bt  proud oi' her workiiitfineu, not nrorely a.1  workmen, but as statesmen.    The paper;  written by Mr.  Burt and .John Burns ii  the  Nineteenth  Century last  month art  admirable illustrations oi" tho intellectua"  power, literary ability, and practical sagacity winch are to be found iu those win  have earned their daily broad  in tho factory  and   the   mine.    Mr.  Burns' article  cronies first and  is the more important o.  the two.     It is a  very masterly production.     It lias as  its  keynote the hoarse  -whisper of the prisoner  in  the exercisin;  yard of l\:ntonvil!e jail, who said to hi  fellow-criminal:      "Stick    to   the   unem  ployed. John!   "Work   is our only  hope.'  How. to   cope   with   the   ever-recurrin?  problem of iiiidiutf prolitableemploymein  for' men who seek work and find none i  the .perennial  difficulty with  which Mr.  Burns essays to deal.    Nor is it witli nuin  only, for, as Mr. Burns says, the position  of a workless woman or t^irl in a city ot  {Treat   distances   is   even   more   pathetic  than that of the unem ployed ���male worker:  "Before her the workhouse or the'.street,  she bravely suIters in silence and has no  alternative to starvation  but the.���eating  of the crumb of charity or .the loaf oflust.  The industrial Andromeda that want oi'  work has ���chained to a life she loathes incarnates all the poignant sorrow and desperation of the merciless struggle for existence   among the  poor, against which  virtue,   honor and   labor   tight often  in  vain/',  Kverv one will agree with John Burns  when lie says that relief by finding work  for the workless is the best mode of relief.  But how to find it is the problem. _  John Burns'solution is summarized by  himself as follows: Absorption of the unemployed bv general reduction of hours,  this followed'bv municipalization of industry and nationalization of monopolies,  is the' line of least resistance i'or all. It is  regulation or riot, reduction or revolution."  lie explains in, detail how he hopes to  attain the means by which he believes tho  problem could be solved.  I. AN. I0KIHT IIOUIIS' DAV AXI) XO O VKUTI MI'I.  He would have first and foremosta compulsory eight hours'day. By this means  lie thinks an enormous number of the unemployed could be absorbed. On the railways alone an eight hours'day would help  lOU.'OOO men. a somewhat significant, statement when taken together with his own  figures, which state that the railway employees number 2(!(),(XK) men. At this  rate each'of these men must be working  twelve hours a day.  II.    MUNICIPALIZE   LABOR.  In the general postoflico the stoppage of  overtime would secure the employment of  800 more men. In addition to this stoppage of overtime and the reduction of the  hours of work of the individual, he would,  as far as'possible, substitute permanent  for casual labor, by transferring as much  work as possible from contractors and  private companies to public bodies. Me  would also, as far as possible, endeavor to  equalize the employment, and kee]) the  hands busy all the year round.  III.    KSTAI.5Iil.SH   liAIlOl!   P.UIi l-JAUS.  The first thing to do. however, is to find  out how many unemployed thei o are. and  who they are. Mr. Burns would establish  completely equipped labor bureaus in  every district council or vestry area, and  would establish it under the charge of a  competent official in the local town hall.  These bureaus should be hi telegraphic or  telephonic communication with each  other throughout the country through  a Central Labor lOxchango and imperial Labor Bureau, which would utilize  ,ANK OF  British Columbia  (Incorporated by Royal Charter, ISti'i.)  Capital (paid up) ��600,000     .       $2,920,000  (Willi power to  increase.)  Reserve Fund   -   ��260,000    .       $1,265,333  nsrzEHLiSoiisr beaitoh:,  Cor. Baker and Stanley Sts.  /"Nelson. .D.C., Victoria, li.C,  t�� i Vancouver. M.O., Nanaimo, J3.C.  Hi'flUn IfiS-     ���  New Westminster. B.C.. Kamloops.B.C.  jji iiuuiiuo   &ui |,....lI|(.l3COi (jitlM.., Portland, Ore.,  I Seattle,  Wash., Taeoma. Wash.  irHAI)   OFFICE:  BO   Lombard street,   LONDON,  Kng.  Agents and Correspondents  CANADA��� Hank of Montreal and branches;  Canadian Bank ot Commerce and branches;  Imperial Hank of Canada and branches.  Commercial Hunk of Manitoba: and  Hank of Nova Scotia.  UNITED STATES-AgontsHank Montreal. Xew Vork :  Hank of Montreal, Chicago.  SAVINGS    DEPARTMENT.  On  aud aflor January l.-t, IS!).", the rate of interest on  deposits will be.'Jj percent, until farther notice.  i 8.000 postofficcs for ascertaining and exchanging the various different local needs.  IV.   UIOLIliF COMMITTEKS.  Pending the formation of these labor  bureaus, he wou.ld establish a relief committee "in each county council area, on  which representatives of the trade unions,  CJha rifcy Organization Society, friendly societies, temperancoand other bodies should  ^it, and, if possible, supplemented by a  lumber of the guardians and vestrymen,  ���vhose local knowledge, together with that  .>f the workmen, would be of great service in differentiating the workers from  the loafers���anecossaryindispensible task.  This committee should confine itself to  iisbursing relief in money or food only to  jhoso who through illness or inability to  ���vork should have relief, and who refuse  ;o go iuto the -workhouse because their  listress was only temporary. This unof-  sicial body woukl undertake temporarily  .he duties that should fall upon new district and poor law councils that should  loon be created on the broadest possible  franchise for this and other purposes."  RESULTS.  .Any subscriptions for the relief of the  able-bodied poor-.should be handed over to  the local authorities, whose surveyor or  ongiuser should employ'the unemployed  in cleansing and sanitation, and necessary  public works. No man should be employed unless he had at least resided  three months in the district, and no-inmi  should be employed full time. Mr. Burns  thinks that the Government could lend  money on easy terms, and in many instances make a contribution to the unemployed, although in other respects each  locality should' be. responsible for its own  out-of-works. Mr. Burns says that he  thinks if all the local authorities acted  upon Mr. Fowler's circular, followed the  example of .the London County Council, ������"and-'"''employed-' the unemployed  tit the rate at; which Chelsea employed them' in 1880, tliev would give  work "to from 24.000 to 30,000 men in London alone, or about 200,000 throughout the  country.  TWO  REMARKS.  Two observations Avill naturally occur  tosevory reader. The first is that at least  one-half of the fund which Mr. Burns proposes-.should be secured for the pivyment  of wages to the unemployed Avoukl be  raised by docking the already employed  of the extra earnings which they make by  overtime. This may bo-right or it may  be wrong. But whether right or wrong,  it is not likely to-be very popular with  those who are going to lose their overtime  money. Secondly, when everything is  clone that Mr. Burns proposes, there will  still bo the increase of population to be  dealt with, aud how it is to be faced excepting by such schemes a.s labor settlements, farm colonies at home and abroad  and the like, which he brands as "social  \vill-o'-t!.o-\vhisps," we do not know and  Mr. Burns does not tell us. Possibly when  Mr. Burns has given the same attention to  that subject that he has to those which  lie near to his hand, we shall have some  more .statesmanlike suggestions for the  solution of the problem.  Sounds That Are Sadly Suggestive.  There are two of the sounds of the early  English' morning which haunt mo with  persistent pitcousness. So long have I  heard them and brooded over their sad  suggestiveness, and in whatever country  1 happen to be wandering, and however  laden may be my slumber I am certain to  awaken at the hefur to hear their grow-  some echoes across the land or soil,  These arc tlu: clatter, clatter of the hobnailed shoes of thousands of factory hands  on their way to their daily toil, and the  hacking, whistling coughing of hundreds  of them, in ;dl English towns and cities  when biding aL any public hostelry you  may hear the first of this at 4 o'clock in  the morning. A quick, sharp ringing of  tiie hob-nails on the pavement by one, or  two, or a group of half a dozen of those  toilers will form the. jiroludo, Then for a  few moments all will be still, Again increased clatter by large squads and more  pronounced coughing.   Soon tho beating  of their feet will grow almost into a roar.  By 5 o'clock the sound is deafening. An  army in retreat over a stone road could  make no greater din.  If you listen now you may distinguish  all the majors a.nd minors.    There is the  screeching of the swinging pails; the halting and stumbling of the feeble; the popping sound of myriad pipe-puffings; the  sodden-salute and sententious rejoinders  of .acquaintances; the shrill blackguarding'of vixens; the liquid tones of maidens  and children;  the shuffling, wheezing of  the old; the almost barking cough of so  many telling that the slavish life is set,  and in and through all the pitiful hubbub  is the sure revelation of   the propulsive  force of  dread and fear linked  with the  lagging of weakness and want.    Out there  is the dank dark or the misty gray of the  early morning, in these sounds a dreadful  story is told.    If you love; America you  will' brood  over these sounds, as I have  done, and fervently pray that our towns  and  cities are not to become like these,  chat the few may be rich and glad and  tho many slavish and sad.  THE   MORMON   TEMPLE.  Its Architecture is Without Parallel in Ancient  or Modern Times.  The site for tiie great Mormon temple,  dedicated the fore part of this month, was  selected July 20th. 1817, the fifth day after  tho Mormons entered the Salt Lake valley.  Brigham young, viewing the then barren  site, stuck his cane in the ground in the  presence of the apostles aud said : '"Here  will bo the temple of our God."- Four  years later, in 1851, at the'conference, it  was voted to build a temple "of the best  materials that can be obtained in North  America." The material for the foundation is hrcstone from a canyon four miles  distant. The granite for the walls was  cut in Little Cottonwood canyon in 1S70,  and prior to the advent of a railway iu  1S70 it-was haulecLby ox teams. February  0th, I85S,v-!;ho ground was broken; April  (5tli, the corner stone was laid, sixteen feet  below the surface. In 1858, when Johnston's army came through, the foundations were covered with earth. Four  years later work was resumed and with  the exception of 1808-09, when the workmen of the territory wore mostly employed constructing the'Union Pacilic, it  continued without serious interruption.  The date of dedication was- fixed for the  sixty-third anniversary of the-organization" of, the Mormon church and the  fortieth anniversary of laying the corner  stone.  The building is ISGkxOO feet in-dimensions and the walls taper from sixteen  feet thick at the foundation-to-six feet at  the top. There are six towers, three on  each side, ranging from 11)1 to 222 feet  high. The east part of the temple is for  the Melchisedec priesthood, representing  the. spiritual affairs, the Avest for the  ���Aa.ronie priesthood.' dealing with temporal, affairs. There are in the building  many stones symbolical of the different  conditions of mankind. At the base arc  earthstones and a few feet above moonstones, sunstones, stars tones, cloudstones,  etc.  The architecture is without parallel in  ancient or modern times. There are four  doors, two on the east and two on the  west side. The cost-of the structure has  boon about $5,000,000. The building is  provided with till the modern appliances,  for lighting, heating, ventilating and sanitation.,. It is looked upon as tho one described in the first two verses of the  fourth chapter of Micah, one of the books  in the Mormon bible.  ILLOGICAL   LIBERALS.  While Decryins- Combines and Monopolies They  Are Postering' What They Decry.  Toronto Week: "Some of the Liberal  members of the Liberal legislature of Ontario occasionally wax eloquent in debate  as they denounce the facilities afforded  by the tariff legislation of the Dominion  government and parliament for the formation of combines and monopolies. And  yet these same Liberal representatives,  through their support of their Liberal  government, sanction some of the closest  monopolies, created byprovincial statute,  which a.re to be found anywhere. Two  facts in a Toronto daily paper which ties  before us illustrateOui- moaning, On one  page we are informed that a detective  employed by the Ontario Medical Council  has summoned several of the Toronto  druggists before the police court, there to  bo tried for the crime of having, probably  in answer to the questions of some poor  customers, recommended certain specifics  for the cure of certain ailments. We have  iio particulars before us. but it is highly  probable that in most cases the ailments  may have been of such a kind that a druggist would have no difficulty in recommending some well-known remedy which  would produce tho effect desired qiiiicas  well, at the expense of a few cents, as the  costly prescription of some licensed physician. There are probably low of us who  have not at some time or other been glad  to utilize iu this way the druggist's knowledge   of   tho materia medica, and   have  yj.Tim- ���������yi'i;.'" ��' ji'y-i-j'Tiri .n"a''iT*"'"A' ���mw.ilw��^miwi',jj^i"wt ���)���.; ���������>���� ���������niK "gyr"' "J**i" rT.T" L'*" ^"���"WFFijii' f'.I iht "*"���������'iy "tJigii   ������"!��� 'i fj.-i.-t-... �����������, ....��� ������       . i-�� ��� w f  profited by that knowledge, when it would  have been decidedly inconvenient to summon a. doctor.   The other fact referred to  is.the statement that the 'Dominion Medical   Council    are   seriously   considering  whether the heavens would be likely to  fall if the various provincial councils were  to so far widen the strait gates of their respective   monopolies   as   to   permit   the  licensees     of    these   councils     to   enter  each     other!s    preserves    without    the  ordeal   of   a 'special   examination.     An  unsophisticated  citizen would  naturally  suppose that1 the right to practise any  honourable calling or profession  in any  province of  this  free   Dominion   was   a  natural right, which could bo taken away  by a special  act of   the  legislature,   for  some good  or sufficient cause.    Vet the  tone and  spirit of the discussion remind  us that no man, no matter how well qualified by study and practice, may venture  to prescribe for a sufferer in Ontario, save  by leave of the  members of   the profession in the province, banded together in a  closer corporation, and exercising powers  conferred by act of the provincial parliament!   Is it any wonder that the druggists are taking the cue and  seeking to  turn  their monopoly to account by preventing the trader, who  has the misfortune to bo outside of their combine, from  selling a bottle of  sarsaparilla or painkiller, and   that architects, undertakers,  etc.,  are   hastening   to   demand   similar  powers for-itheir respective guilds!    Wei  sometimes congratulate ourselves on having reached'a stage of liberty and enlightenment at which we no longer give to even  the most orthodox of churches a monopoly of the cure of souls.    With what consistency can the.legislature which is declared incompetent to   legislate  in   this  higher sphere, in which malpractice may  lead to still more serious loss, assume the  right to dictate to free citizens to whom  they may and may not entrust the interests of their ailing bodies?  HOTEL  Nelson; B. C.  Billiard and  Pool Room.  Hot and  Cold Water.  Electric Bells.  Baths.  Flush Closets.  E. E. Phair,  Proprietor.  Restaurant  and  Open  Night a  Bay  and  Hot and Cold Lunch  ffOU/ F^Dr pOF{  BUSINESS  One and all CALL and SEE ME.  BEN   EDiNGTON,  Proprietor.  TO THE  zv)d  The Kootenay Country is 300  Miles nearer the Eastern  States and. Canada via Bonner's  Ferry   than.'. any  other  route.  U/ESJ  and  S0cJ5J-l  Boat connections are made at  Bonner's Ferry with trains.-     I  On the '        I  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  For 'Spokane,'   i'uget  Sound, St.  Paul. ��� Cliicnjjo and  points in Canada and the Kuslui'ii States.  For further information apply Lo the otlicers of the  boats on the Jlonncr's Ferry run: to .1. A. jYleNah, agent,  Cireat Northern I.'ailu-ay. Ifonncr's Ferry, Idaho: II. II.  St.,I oil n, general agent. Spokane Wash.; IT. A. Johnson,,  division passenger and freight agent, Seattle, Wash.; II.  G. MeMicken, general agent, I I'almor House block, Toronto, Out.: or V. I. Whitney, general passenger and  ticket agent, St. Paul, Minn.  Slooan Trading & Navigation Company, Ltd.  1/  The company's Al passenger and freight steamer  W. HUNTER  a. \j. KSTAHltOOIC ;Master  (tor head of Slocan lake daily at 1 p.m.  LK.-WKS       J for Four Mile City and foot of Slocan  XEW DKXVKR I    lake on Wednesdays and Saturdays  ���      V    at (i a. in.  Leaves head of Slocan lake for Xew Denver daily at ;"i  1). in.  Leaves foot of Slocan lake for l-'our Mile City and New  Denver on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1) a.m.  COUNTY   COURT,  A silling of the county court of ICootenay district, will  he holden al Xelson on the Kith day of May, ISM.  T. II. (III''I''I.V. Registrar of the County Court.  Xelson, H.O.. March L'lst, l��tt.  DISSOLUTION   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  We, the undersigned, have this day mutually agreed  to dissolve'the heretofore existing unregistered partnership between us. Kroni and after Ibis date the linn of  Ward & Dick (teases lo exist. Henry II. Ward paying  the debts of the imrlncrsliip.  Dated, this ait li day of March, 18!).'!.  Wivnkhs: IIA Kit V If. WAKD.  A. W. Goodenongh. AKTIIUK C. DICK.  NOTICE.  W.J. McKay ceased to he a member of the unregistered firm of John Houston & Co.. publishers of The  Tribune, of Xelson, Krilisb Columbia, on Mondav, April  17th. 18U:i. JOIIX HOUSTON St. CO.  Xelson. April 17th, ISI3.   NOTICES.  Xolice is hereby given that Henry Anderson, as agent  for the Pacific Jlullioii Mining Company, has Hied the  necessarv papers and made application I'or crown grants  in favor of the mineral claims knownas the Spokane and  Trinket,, situate in the Hot Springs camp, Ainsworth  mining division of West Kootenay district. Adverse  claimants, if any. will forward their objections within Mi  days from date nf publication of this notice.  X. KITZSTUUHri. gold commissioner.  Xelson, II. C. February llth, 1KH3.  The undersigned hereby gives notice of bis intention lo  uiiplv Lo the -tipendiary magistrate of West, ICootenay  district I'or a license lo sell liquor at his hole! al, Ihe  forks of Carpenter and Cody creeks, in the Slocan mining division of snid district. CHARUvS K KXT.  Dated, .March tilth. \S'Mi. __  The undersigned hereby given notice of bis Intention to  apply to the stipendary magistrate of West ICootenay  district for a license to sell liquor at his hotel ut Ijirdo.  Dated, April 5tb 1KB. P. F. It VAX.  1^5 tali rapt,  Next   Door   to   the  Madden   Hotel,  NELSON, B. C.  MRS. W. C. PHILLIPS, 'Proprietress.  JOHN JOHNSON, Prop.  The only restaurant in Xelson that keeps open  AND  <K#��>  PRIVATE    BOXES   FOR   LADIES.  THE  NELSON, B.C.  Hansen   &   Blomberg1,   Proprietors.  Closest Hotel to  Steamboat  Landing.  THE BAR CARB.IES CHOICE BRANDS  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  LIQUORS  THE    f  EAST  BAKER ST.,   NELSON",  In one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is the headquarters for prospectors and  working  miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS,    Props.  Until Cut of Palace Hotel  Arrives, this Space is  Reserved for  MAH0NEY & LUNDBURG  Kaslo.  Front St., Near Steamboat Landing,  KASLO,   B.C.  DEVLIN & 31cLvAY\  Proprietors.  Til 10  UliST cmsIX10  T1II3   MOST   I'.IODS  TIIK  lilOST OF  lOVIOKYTIIIXG  CCEUR    D'ALENE  ^OJEC  Front Street,  KASLO, B. C.  JOHN   F.   WARD,   Manager.  The Very Best  of  Everything*.  Qrapd - ^ptral  jiOJEI^  Corner Front and Fourth Streets,  EL^lSLO  A. &.T. I'T, ETC ITER,  Proprietors  ACCOMMODATIONS KIltST-CI.AHS.  Stage leaves Craiid Central for Watson. Hear Ijike City,  Three Porks, Xew Denver and all points in  the Kaslo-Sloean distriet.  HOTEL  10. C. CARIMOXTIOK. Manager.  ALL THE PRINCIPAL MINES in Slocan distriet,  eun be reached in from two to seven miles from this  hotel, which is located at Three Forks on Carpenter  creek.  THE DINING ROOM is under the immediate superintendence of Mr. (.!. Heweri, formerly of the \\"ind-  sor Hotel. Hutte, .Montana, ami Hie lingers Hotel  .Missoula,.Montana, who will see lo il thai theeuisine  of the Three Forks is not excelled by that of any  hotel in Went Kootenay,  SPECIAL RATES will bo made for weekly hoarders.  I'rivato rooniH for trunniont guesU.  Extensive Improvements  low Completed.  ALL ROOMS REFITTED  and Refurnished.  -Finest Wines, Liquors and Cigars in the Marfcet-  AT TIIE UAH.  Special  Attention to Miners.  Rooms First-Class.  Rates Moderate.  Vernon Street, Near Josephine*  OPPOSITE  CITY WHARF.  =NBLS0N, B". C.  AXEL JOHNSON, Proprietor.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay  Its guests thus obtaining splendid  Views of both mountain and river.  The Booms  AUK CO.Ml.'OKTAIil.l-: IN  SI7.K"  The Table  is Tin; iii:.st i.v tiik  MOUNTAINS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE  BAR  IS  FIRST-CLASS.  ins  Comer Baker and Ward Streets,  3LS0N, B. C.  THOMAS   MADDEN",   Prop.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  With a frontage towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished, throughout.  TIKE    T-A.BT_/:E  Is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of a  caterer of large experience.  The Bar is Stocked ::  With the Best Brands ::  OK  IIKKII,   AI.K.   WINK,   WHISKY   AND CIUAIIS.  ISBraom"  HOTEL  Cor. West Vernon and Stanley Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  First-Class in Everything*.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furniBhed  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE  IS  NOT  SUEPASSED  11V    ANV    IIO'I'KI,    I.V    TIIK    KOOTKNAV    COl'.VTItV.  A SII.WtK OK THA.V8IKNTTHAI)E��(ll.ll."ITI-:i>.  The  Sample Room is Stocked with Choice  Liquors and Oigavs.  Jas.  Dawson & B. Craddock,  TEJUKI'HONK 13.  Proprietors.  ���fc��jh.vfii  �������IB'"HIIPWr,��M��'l�� '"I ���  ��7V i  I    r-  V-  ^  ' V  %   ������   Pi   iT'       ^nrv���  TWW|     ������|fl I  ,.-.  "*f:  ��� ������BIB  II     Wi  >l"��  v-���  rV  rXT1  ,^s  i * 1'    -���  _'    r '  ;. V*,s,'-', .iH  ' 1 �����!! , - " . '  [li"f"V �����!���  fll., ��,'V  -*   V. ��������'���>!; i  Tlffl  TRIBlJNii:   ��eL80N, S. 0., THURSDAY   ApML  :>(), Mi  at U/fyoIesale Oi?Iy.  a 5Peei*a'ty-  TEEET, 3^BLS01>T.  THIS    "WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  Lardo  Transportation  Company,  I.ardo���Pack  trams  and saddle animals.  Hyors   Hardware Company. Kaslo���Change in  advertisement. ,,       ,       , .,  A.  C. Pearson,   Lardo country���\ alley hotel   at.  the  junction of I.ardo and Duncan rivers.  '   G. W. Kiehardson, Nelson���Notice to creditors ot the  Gamev & Ilarrett estate.  P. F. Ryan, Lardo���Application for hotel license.  John Houston & Co., Nelson���Xoticeof W. J. Mackay's  withdrawal from the linn of John Houston & Co.  LOCAL1' NEWS   AND   eoSSIP.  Last Saturday fifteen citizens of Kaslo  '' turned out and removed the bodies-of  James Brennand and tiie infant daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Coy from their rest-  ' ing place, in McDonald's addition, to the  new and permanent cemetery, about one  and one-half miles Avest of town. These  bodies Avere lirst interred last October.  The Slocan  hotel,  the new three-story  building at the corner of A avenue and  Fourth street, Kaslo, is now open for the  transient and. resident public, it will be  formerly dedicated by a ball this (Thursday) evening.  A twenty-pound sample of rich looking  ' galena ore reached Kaslo on Monday from  the Chambers mine, SJocan district. This  is from the hcav strike in the tunnel being  run during the winter to tap the ledge. If*  is stated that the lead is tAventy-three  feet A\'ide Avith a fine talc casing on each  wall.  TV. J. Mackay, avIio pub in five mouths  hard Avork in making TiiiJ TitmirxE a presentable newspaper, left" Nelson on Tuesday with the intention of making a trip  to the Argentine .Republic, South America, a country in which ho lived several  years ago. Slay fickle fortune lead him  to that for Avhich he is seeking���sufficient  money to keep him from Avant in old age.  There is no better time than the present in Avhich to clear up back yards and  burn the rubbish accumulated during the  "winter. If icleared . up and burned iioav  there Avill be no danger of the fire spreading, and the town will present a good appearance to the strangers who are even  noAv beginning to drop in on us.  S. A. Roberts, a provincial and Dominion land surveyor, of Victoria., has decided to drive a stake in Nelson. He has  opened an oilice in the Houston block.  ��� Oliver T. Stone of the town of Kaslo  and William .Melville Newton of Pilot  Bay have been appointed justices of the  peace within and for tiie West Kootenay  electoral district. Both good appointments.  The steamer Ainsworth ikvw makes regular trips betAveen Nelson and Lardo,  leaA-ing the latter place on Mondays,  Wednesdays and Fridays at 0 A. M., and  the former place at 8 A. M. on Tuesdays,  Thursdays and Saturdays. She calls at  all Avay landings and towns.  The rustler and despoiler is among us.  Some rustler has rustled tools and tents  belonging to that soulless corporation, the  Kootenay Lake Telephone Company, and  sonic despoiler has pulled up aud carried  off fruit trees from Daly's ranch. An example should be marie -of some of these  gentry���if someone could only catch them  in the act.  The Bank of Montreal has reduced the  rate of interest on savings'deposits from  4 to yi per cent. If that greatest of all  Canada's great banks would now only  loan money to its patrons at 3A per cent,  many of them'would acclaim: "Blessed  be he that giveth to the-poor."  A pack train has been pub.on between  Lardo and Trout lake and another -will be  run between Lardo and Houser lake. The  town has already two hotels and Avill have  two merchandise stores within the month.  The new wharf now building Avill be the  finest on the lake aud should put Kaslo t:>  shame. The hotels are crowded with  prospectors bound i'or the Lardo and Duncan districts.  .J. A. Gilker aud W. F. Teetzel have been  appointed a committee to canvas Nelson  for .subscriptions to the hospital. Subscribers will be asked to state their preference for ti general or a Sister's hospital  and the amount they Avill contribute to  each.  Hamilton Byers returned to Kaslo on  Saturday from his trip to Eastern manufacturing and wholesale points, lie is  now in it up Lo the eyes, and says his linn  lias the finest stock of hardware in Kaslo  of any town in British Columbia.  A. 13. Hodgin.s returned to Nelson from  Toronto last week and at once set to work  repairing the mains of the water company. By Saturday night all consumers  will be supplied except those on Vernon  street. The lire company should at once  take steps to procure more hose and fire-  fighting apparatus.  Mark TV. Musgrove, the genial and companionable gentleman that edits Kaslo's  one newspaper, was induced to taken look  at The Trihunk office while in Nelson on  Tuesday.  G. O. Buchanan is in doubt as to  whether he is a resident of Nelson or a  business man of Kaslo. In any event,  however,   lie   has  started   the  building  boom tit Nelson by undertaking the erection of a two-story building on Vernon  street on the lot next wesb of tho Kootenay house.  The members of the Odd Fellows lodge  . will attend the Presbyterian church on  Sunday in full regalia in honor of the  seventy-fourth anniversary of the Order.  Visiting or sojourning Odd Fellows are  requested to attend.  Ii. J. Bealey, who" passed the winter in  [Casio, put in thcAveekat Nelson. Judging' by his looks, the townsite of Lardo  has not been a losing speculation for him.  "Commodore" Davies, rancher,, steam-  boater, and all-round speculator, signed  his name oil the register of one of Nelson's  leading hotels this week.  George Johnstone of the customs department is again on duty in the Kootenay  bake country. HcAvintered at Vancouver.  J. E. Boss of Spokane hankers to have a  look at the gold "claims down around the  Royal Canadian, but in an attempt to  reach them on Wednesday lie and "Blake"  'Wilson got stuck in three feet of snow  and had to turn back.  The float from the mineral claim located  near the toAvn of Lardo assayed 5(55 ounces���  in silver to the ton, and the vein matter  80k ounces.  To our certain knoAvledge "Jack" Math-  csou has spent $5000 in the last five years  in fitting up and adorning his places of  business. His latest expenditure is $53(5.38  for a magnificent sideboard made by native Avorkmen from native woods.  The weather continues cold and disagreeable, tAVO inches of snow falling at  Nelson on Tuesday. Snow falls on the  high mountains almost OA'ery day, and  while there is none at Nelson there is  fully ten feet at the Silver King mine.  .The infant son of Dr. and Mrs. Arthur's  died on the afternoon of the 13th.  We would suggest that postoffice inspector Fletcher award the contract of  carrying the local mails between Nelson  and all all points on Kootenay lake to the  staunch Al steamer Ainsworth, as it is  the only boat running on Kootenay lake  that touches at all landings at regular  intervals.  If the readers of this issue of Tnrc Trtl-  hu.vio tlo not like the color or quality of  the paper on/which it is printed, they can  each and every one of them cuss Avith  good strong cuss words the Barber & Ellis  Company, Toronto, and Gray, Ewing 6c  Co., Spokane, two sloAV-geared firms that  deal in blank paper.  Mr. aud Mrs. A. TV. Jenks of Pilot Bay  spent the last ten days in Nelson, merely  to geb away from the smoke of the  "Smelter City-" Mrs. Jenks left yesterday for a visit to Aurora, Illinois.  Ira Jenkins came in from the south on  Thursday and says that Larson's graders  are already at Avork on the Nelson 6c Fort  Sheppard bebAveen the boundary line and  Pond d'Oreille river.  the board room .for a conference. After  hearing the rules and regulations road,  tho spokesmen ol the delegation (Messrs.  Buchanan and Burke) stated that the delegation present had decided not to join  the South Kootenay Board of Trade until  they had had time to study not only the  rules and regulations, but the objects and  aims of the'board; and that on their return to Kaslo a meeting of those eligible;  to membership would be held when the  question Avould be considered,'and if a  majority thought it advisable to join, the  applications I'o'rmembershipAVOuId be duly  made. The meeting was then adjourned  for ten days or so to alloAV of the consultation at'Kaslo. If the consultation results favorably president Lemon Avill call  a meeting at' such time as Avill be most  convenient i'or the Kaslo men. The Kaslo  men arc just a trifle afraid that they will  lose their identity if they join Nelson in  anything. The Kaslo delegation A\as  made of John M. Burke, G. O. Buchanan,  John., B. Wilson, Randall H. Kcinji, S. S.  Bailey, J. Ii. Marks, Mark Musgrove, It.  F. Green, II. Byers, and William Carrhig-  bon.  For Saie--A Bargain.  Lot 1 block 12 (first lot cast of- the Carney & Barrett  building), Nelson, k'asy terms. Apply to John Houston  ii Co., Houston block. Nelson.  J����2E}tt(DJEEL^l<TT&.  pooflpies, Provisions, kraware, Stoves, mi -Tinware.  Plumbing and Tin-Roofing a Specialty.   Stocks full  and  complete in every Department, and the Public will find it  to their advantage to inspect Goods and compare Prices.  )P.' ' ��� ��� East Vernon Street, Nelson. 1  n a. Turner,  W. I TEE  AND  \JC  o  A large and complete ^tock of the leading  linos of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  ���  Nelson, B. C.  PILOT   IB-A^ST"..,   JB. C.  "WHOLE3SA.LB   .A-ISTID   ESTAIL.  iFIROlsrT  STEEET,  KASLO.  ing, m  MINING  COMPANIES,   MINERS,  AND   PROSPECTORS  FURNISHED  WITH  SUPPLIES.  Central.Oflice  of the    .  KootenayLa'ke  Telephone.  Vi. J.  WILSON.  W.  I'KItML'Ii:.  HAD   MONEY   GAL0R3.  The Sale of Four Mile City Townsite Put Money  in Circulation.  There was quite a flurry, iu Southern  Kootenay real estate this week after it  became known that a party of Minnesota  capitalists were seeking to acquire interests in land on Slocan hike. It is said the  influence of the flurry was even  felt  at  Kaslo, a town which has been a-booming  for months, while every other established  ���town was at a .standstill.'  The party of capitalists referred to is  made up of' Messrs. Middough, Scott, Atkins, A. IL and A. IL Humphreys, and the  deals so far have been made in the names  of Messrs. Middough and Scott. Four  Mile City townsite and Bigelow's addition  to New Denver were purchased outright.  As no lots had been sold in the Bigelow  addition, that sale concerned the original  owners only��� G. A. Bigelow and Michael  Molloy. But a large number of lots hud  been sold in Four Mile City, and as the  transfer from Messrs. Hume and Hunter  included the deferred payments on the  1 )ts sold, those who held lots concluded  that they hud small bonanzas, for they  reasoned that if shrewd capitalists were  willing to put money, in the townsite  there must be something in the district  behind the site. The price of lots soon  .jumped from $?;"> and $I(X) to double these  figures and over fifty changed hands. For  a day or two every man in Nelson had  money galore.  Tine Thiijunk knows nothing of the intentions of the purchasers more than that  they are willing to invest largely in mineral claims in the Slocan district. As  they have ample capital, they no doubt  intend to develop the claims tliey already  own or may purchase, and in developing  them build up towns at the points in  which they have real estate interests.  Hesitating.  The adjourned meeting of the South  Kootenay Board of Trade was hold on  Tuesday afternoon. After adopting rules  and regulations, the delegation of business men   from Kaslo  were  invited   to  WILSON & PERDUE.  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to .supply mining companies and irteani-  boats wilb fresb incuts, and deliver .same at any mine  or landing in   the   ICootenay  Lake country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 Bast Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Front Street.  Shelf and  Heavy Hardware,  Stoves, Ranges, Tinware.  Coal, iron, Glass,  Powder, Fuse, Caps,  Steel, Nails, Paints, Oils.  Miners'  Lumbermen'  and  Blacksmiths';  IFZROHSrT   STREET,   KASLO,   B. O.  units; in   Stock.  ARRIVING.  Before RiviiiK your orders to  inc. see goods, and get prices.  Foreign Tailors, call on  F. J. SQUIRE,  Merchant Tailor.  Corner linker and Ward streets, Nelson.  TURNER  BROS.  music .A-usriD  ST-A-TioirsriER^sr  TIIK  I.ATKST MUSIC.  00011  ASHOIITMKNT OK  HOOKS,  TO VS.   KTC!.,  KTO.  IIKI.I.   I'lANOH   AND   OIKJANH,  HI.VOKIt HKWINd  MAl'IIIXKS.  Tuning and repairing a specialty.  No. 2, Houston Block, Baker Street, NELSON.  Mcsdames DbYDEI & ScHBOBSBR  p/^iojtyiBcs  We also carry a large stock of  DIAMONDS,  JEWELRY,  WATCHES,  CLOCKS,  Etc., Etc.,  And we sell at Eastern Prices.  KASLO.  JOE IP^-R^IUST  NELSON, B.C.  Plasterer, Bricklayer and Stone-Mason.  Watch Repairing a Specialty  PRICES  OX  unes and www laeiniies  WE BUY them direct from the factory and pay cash  WE SELL them on easy terms.  WE Guarantee all our goods to be as represented.  Come and See Us.  Contracts taken for work at all points in West Kootenay  NOTICE.  Notice is lierehy given that unlesH all accounts owing  to the lale linn nf'Carney & Harrett are paid on or lieforo  the 1st day of May next, the same will bo placed in suit,  o. \v. urciiAitosox,  Assignee for Carney & Jiarrelt estate.  Nelson, li, f!��� April 18th, 18IH.  Pack Trains are now running. from LARDO on KOOTENAY  LAKE to SELKIRK on TROUT LAKE, and in a short time  will be running from LARDO to HOUSER or UPPER KOOTENAY LAKE. Shortest and best routes to both LAKES.  SADDLE HORSES FOR HIRE.  j^tpjp-l^ to  JL^IRjDO   TBj^lSrSPOBTA.TIOI^r   CO.    TjJ^-.EttDO,   KOOTEITAT   LAKE,   B. O.  (LATE N. N. COLE & CO.)  1  II  Mr. A. D. EMERY is now in the Kootenay Lake Country with a full line of Samples, taking orders for Spring and Summer.


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