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The Prospector Jan 11, 1896

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i"r'P^P %
Vol,l.  P 0 R S    STEELE    S A T U R D'A Y
JANUARY    11th 1896.
m io.
The situation   with regard to the  "Land
Question"  in this district, is a matter requiring serious consideration, and it is the opinion
of all thoughtful men who have the interests of
the country at heart,  that  the Government ought
to be urged to take some steps, to remedy the
state of affairs as much as possible;    considering that it was through an error of judgment on
their part,   t-iat almost  all the r-hoioe Ian In in
the valley vrre giv-n a','.:.' to rich corporations
without this section of country reaping any benefit therefrom.    For the  information of those
who are not already co.gn1.SRnt of the facts, it
may be an veil to state how this condition of
things has been brought about. In the first plac
the kootenay Valley Co, got a g"ant of 30.000
acres of land from the Government for building
a canal connecting the waters of the Columbia
with the Kootenay. this work has been practically
of no value whatever to the oountry, and has not
in apy way answered the purpose for whioh it was
built. The navigation of the upper oo-tion of
the Columbia being impracticablej without—the   ■•
expenditure of a large sum of money, in building
another canal to connect' the waters of upper
Columbia lake with the head of steamboat navigation on the Columbia river, in fact it has
been a source of expense  to the Government,and
trouble to the settlers in the northern end of
the District, consequent on the waters from the
Kootenay during the flood season being allowed
to pass through and increase the overflow on the
meadows contiguous to the '■ ar.ks of the Columbia,
At the prenont t'Une the canal Is o'loeed up and
is to all intents and purposes a thing'of the
past so far as its utility is concerned, it not
being considered worth while to expend any more
money on it  in the way of repairs, as it has
been proved to be utterly valueless for the-purposes of navigation, still the Kootenay Valley
Co, have Crown grants for nearly 30.000 acres of
choice bottom and bench lands between Canal Flat
and the International boundary, on whioh they
pay taxes amounting to only about $400.a'ycar,
it being assessed a3 improved land instead of
wild land, the only  Iraprovment being the aforesaid canal, if the wild land tax was imposed,
which in justice to the  oountry ought to be done '
then the revenue derived from these lands would
be In the neighborhood of 49.000.  instead of the
paltry   ItfOO.  and in all probability would be tho
means of inducing the company to  part with some
of their land at reasonable figures, hut as it'
is they hold on, to the detriment of the country!
at large.    Then there are  tho  900,000 acres of
land in the Kootenay District, which was granted
to the Columbia and .'iooterry R.'.ilwa-' and I'avi,'--
tion Co in the voav 13'Jf; fo-1 the construction of
a road between Nelson and Robson on the Columbia
river, out of this 900.000 acres,  140.000 have     |
been taken up in Hast Kootenay,
no doubt  this .     road, is of great bepftfjt to '/est.
Kootenay, but it requires a large Sttf£J;dh of iir.a.g*
inatldn to see where this District derives anyad
advantage from a line of Railway with which we
have no connection whatever and which does not
traverse any'portion of our territory, This land,
wan to be exempt from taxation for five years
subsequent to the completion of the road.That time
must have nearly elapsed, and it is to be hoped
that the Government will see its wav clear to
assent the land at  its prop'-r value without fear" or
o 'litigate a?
evils arising from so much of our arable and graai
ing lands lying in a practically useless condition
Take this valley from Canal Plats to the  International Boundary a distance of lor. miles,with an
average width of 3- miles,   thro consider that th?
lands comprised in this area,  consist    of bottom
and hay::ieado:"3 adjoining the river and   its tributaries, with rolling bunch grass hills  extending
back to the mountains, and bear in mind that these
grazing lands are in reality under the control of
those parties who own the arable portions and h;
meadows-,  then remember that:   the aforesaid e'ompa-
nies, have natur'^fljl-v} aoepiPcUn*; to th?  priivilegi
granted them,  cak'en possession of about 130.000
[acres of the most valuable  Local:ions.take this
l-HOroage with what   !t controls out of the  above
I area, and what remains for ar intending  settler,
j Of course it in not to be expected, that  tho lands
can be redeemed to the Crown, but surely some
pressure could be brought  to bear or. th'- present
owners compelling them to sell at a reasonable
figure,  so as to encourage formers and ranchers
to come  in and settle  in ou" ftidr-t .ni.!Ef""mo    r.er.
have made eiviuirios lately concerning -.•■'• - it  lands
are open for settlement, and' they are met with      !
the statement,that outside of a few isolated spots
which still remain    in the hands of the Government, the rest of the oountrv in practicallv lock
ed up, being in the possession of companies,  who
either refuse to sell at all or otse demand an
exorbitant figure. and oonsenuent.ly they very
naturally go elsewhere to seek a habitation and ,-i
home, this condition of affairs has a very deterrent effect on the development of the country
with rega-d to cattle raising and u.gri uiliural
pursuits,  and is in great contrast to the  thrlvinj
condition of our mineral  interests, which Is due  lib
the care and ability which ban always rharaoteri-,
zed the policy of the Government in connection
with mining matters, having been ready to listen
to and act on suggestions fro;:: practical mining
men,the consequence is that miners have  -real, confidence in the stability of our mining laws.,No
doubt when the Government entered into agreement
with the companies mentioned above,  they thought
they were acting for the bent lnto"outs of the
oountry. but it has proved otherwise,ynd it  In
reasonable to suppose that it devoirs imon the
parties in power,to relieve the situation, and
come to some arrangment  with tho holders of the
land, so that it may be placed within the reach
of the average settler. K Ii A  Y,    -I  a
I 1 ti«.    i'
Published    weekly    '■■;    V-     P PORFECTOR    do,
A. ••.. h'OQi.',        • . -. •   r .
Subscript lens '   '.'   . Per    ItnnuiBJj
'has. tfaaloon, Physician and Surgeon.
,'h 'imfts .McVittie, P ,L,'S. ;& C .E.
Il.L.Summins. P .L.S. & C.E.
?,J,Rooke.Cowellt Ma, B.Sc, F.O.S,
N.Arnold.Wallinger, Metallurgist k Assayer. ,
Ill am, larlin,
loraas,  McVi'ttie.
i »
M ) )
possible  information,  will be furnished vy
Association! upon applioat. ion to \
Thomas' .fJcvi tt io, tec',Fort Steele B.Cj
i.' 0 T I 0 E,
:: irrCi
'- ipar
Br 11 i
: dt
hereby   I ven that  application will be
I 7 the British Columbia Southern Railway
ny 'o the Legislature of the Province of
sh Columbia, at i ts nexa session, for art act
iin« the time within which the Company may
ete it j undertaking.
•l. A. Oeroci i. Sen re t ar y.
—11"! Ill I'M"!'iii I"! "|-i""l' 'i'"l '1 '1
I i i I-, +-H
+++*•      N 0 T I C E.      i *++
SOTIOE IS HERESY ;IVEN, that application will be
of BRITISH COur.: I.'  .;': its next   session,   for an
act  to inoorpor it'. * company for the  purpose of
constructing, operati ,ng arri working deep tunnels,.,
drifts,  or shafts I'cr the  purpose of exploring'   '
for, discovering, working, i/ettlrig, acquiring? and
■"•covering minerals iltuati   in blind veins lodger.
or laden in the Districts r f Fust  and West KoObe-
i., Yale and Cariboo,   in trn Prcvln'ce of British
iJo'JUfflbla,    and for entering upon ar. l acquiring
lands for suoh purposes,   and i -r <•   Hooting toils
For the  use of finch  tunnels or '•» irklpr.n by arty
other persons or companies en7a<-\!   in   -.Inin:'.  and
for acquiring Buch water powers or- privileges as
may be necessary or convenient  therefor,  together
with suoh other powers  or   privileges,  rights nr
incidents,  as may be necessary for
or obnclucivp to  the alt ilnmi-nl of
objects or any of them.
D,P.0th,95. A.E-.Humphre
■1:1 II I'l I'l M'l I IM I'l M I l"|-t-rt-l'H I,--. ■:•; .-
Subscribe for the Prospector.
inr i.'.'.
[There  \a.  it  is said, a tendency on the part of
'awns  prospectors to place extravagant yalueg on
the claims discovered by them, Weill -.'/hat of Jt.1
'lite oe.lv h.arm such a ooU'-ne can cause in to th*
prospectors themsplvea, for no purchaser, wlih-,
I any  idea of business in him, will buy a claim
j without, first obtaining the report «f an expert
upon its value, on thi3 report he will base hi*
decision to accept or decline the offer of $h«
claimant,  so that the figure put upon the property by the holder cuts very little figure with
the intending purchaser.
I It would, be better for the pro3peotor to maKa
as thorough, an examination of his claim as possible,   and then place a fair and reasonab'L*
price upon it in the-'first  instance. He will  !•»
much more likely to realize  then If he  jumps »t
: conclusions and places an extravagant value upon
'tit,  it should be remembered that a mere olaim,
without ..the means of developing it is worth very,
little. ' We must say, however that our symuithles
are with the prospectors.  They are the pioneers
■of the mining industry,    'Yhlch, without them,
iwould net extend or grow to large proportions,
i it is they who have to endure the hardship ltici«
i dent to the pioneer work of discovery,  and, in
I most cases,  the result of their labors flow into'
| the pockets of others,  who come in at  the last
l moment to reap the benefit. Capitalists can
I afford to find out  the real value of a mini; offer-
■ ue.d to them - the prospector, generally,  is ob*
jliged to sell in the dark.    It would be a good
i thing if some plan could be discovered to ena-    |
1 ble prospectors, to obtain i-ellab'le reports on    I
-: th1:  value,of their findings.        .       ' \
'What we would commend to all those interested
any mining industry in the district;, is  the blank
reports of the Port Steele mining association,
those reports are to be sent to the owners of
| mines,  to be filled out, and returned to  the
j association.    This is for the purpose of gaining
'reliable  Information, and disseminating the samet
in regard to the best interests of our mines.
This is a movement  in the ri"ht direction, and    '
all should lend a helping hand by filling out
the ' ' "V.-- unci returnirv them to the secretary
..;• soon -::  po'-nible,
! A YM steamboat. ,;
j The Uppo" Kootenay Uarigution Coj Is constructing
'a new, 1-n'ge and commodious steamboat at  Jennings,
Montana.,   It will be used for Passenger and pr»
! i.'hi  aervice on the Kootenav rlvr, between   ''oi .
Steele, and Jennings.    The new b0at will  be Lai
j.er than the Annerl-v, and of much great"r capacity,
'the acnoiiiadations for passengers is to >-e ''ir.u
jqlass.  The Companv, with the Annerly and tine hew
,'r.oat, expect to have all the neoe3sary acoommoda
!tions for Passenger and Freight service necessary-
| during the season of 1890.    Our old friend Oap'i .j
•' H.S.DePuy, will command one, and Cap't, Jones the]
! other,    lie heartily wish the Company, a happy
jind prosperous new Year.
...    +^;~H-r+-K-H~H~H-+-t-K
,'•■   THE   NEW    ROAD. [
j-On Sunday last, about noon,  there came into Port  I
• Steele, over the new road From Tobacco Plains  ,
four, f o.i r horse teams,  it was a rare sight t...
I see the teams drive up the main street, to the      I
i Jur.tom house for inspection,  the teams were  loud •!
i'd   oat:: for the '.i.'th Star :i,':,e, and genor >i|
, .,'"t: aa'lsi' for the /.uteri can store. The openthn
| of this road will be of great benefit  to Port
I Steele,an a means of communications with t Ik*
j States, and Tobacco Plains. //
-namnWHW*-"'"* '•?»*
-W^W«t^l««r»*H«-»if«*«*rf((iWIi.W»»« *'**««»        ** - ■>- >>m**W*Q(Jf:
0 T 0 H
|"'"A T 13 H D A Y    J A 1* UAH    llt-h
Mines   ire the sul tenv-ii'-ar. u
It-    WhiC)1    th*   P.mi^qnj   .r. I-    Ui'ir»r
00 ft ion of .Ms bounties,   to
1 \   intell i jor.t men.  Mini'
■-■» o
1,3 l.lh J
.- i ;,R .-i„ --H-.C-, j-1 ed
'■■'!  -I -'/'"'lOiird  al,
Irapi'oyAd to  its
f Nature
4-ri--;-ii--i-M i-i-.i-i-i il'M-f -I--fe)ilii.:.iLi.)'
>ol,   ir. an art,  in wlvich all the lights 'if
?noe,   ill the c-.naoit" of mind and dili.-.gene
of .
::aa,  find their1 application.    In the Dominion the   p
rain in ff operation? are' 0f too recent an origin, to   i
■r-sent any masterpieces in the art.    It requires
..g-ii,   the lapse of cnturi. •"-s,  to develop* suoh
uuhtorrandan st mature 3 as can be found in the old:
•Verld, and, .also, 'n Mexico and tho United States,
An extensive subt.erri.nean mine Is a  'rand and
curious structure, and possesses many h'-auti*s
which are understood only by the Initiat'd,    These
•el of panoramic views,like-
] the tor rest rial beauti.es of nature, and are,there-
; fore, not accessible to the multitude as a means
| of enjoyment.    In subterranean mines, there is
[poetry, a.high) religious poetry; the miner, in
ilila lonely chamVrs, is constantly reminded of the
bounties at his disposal, and the assistance that
|h*   needs from a higher power than what man can
I bestow, We regret exceedingly that it is not per-
I mitted to us to luxuriate in the description of
j -.;; ining to its fullest extent; our aim is to be
| ust ful,and. we shall give to the readers of the
j  Prospector, from time to time; raanv of the lead-
j  ing features pointed out by geology, which will
j help the pros poo tor or minor to find the the
{ place where mineral deposits may bo located.
There is vast ou.mt-itdes of useful and valuable
minerals in the Province, which are so profusely ■>
distributed above the water levels of the valleys,
that  there Is very lit tie prospeet of any'extensive operations below that level, for a number of •
years; at least Trs'fftr ars "the general
production of minerals is concerned, for the
mineral resources of the Province are so vast,     j
and the means of reduction, and transportation
so limited, that a number of years must elapse
before the necessity of deep miring occurs. But
we trust that in the near future, when we have    j
reduction works, and increased facilities for
transportation, or, a home market ?$r ore's, we   \
shall see the Province' take a prominent place in :
the mining industries'of the'world,
,|Jug|; four days ago, the snow was a-foot deej  in
;town, but the Chinook that has prevailed for the
i lafit few days has removed it.
.Our friend Mr,M.Phillipps, of Tobacco Plains was
jin town the first pf the week.
I Messers Watson ft Usher are busily engaged In run
j ning the tunnel on the Midnight. L'.ey are In &
The St Eugene mine Is working about tor men., V
will have several thousand tons of ore read:; fi
shipment in tho sprint:,
Dont forget the miners meeting, to night.
In our report of the Bachelors ball, wo omitte
to mention friends, Messers Bempsey and Grass!
■who did much to make it a success.
J R.D.Mathers came in from the landing yesterday
,1 He reports the Enow as all .gone thin will .
;i interfere with the hauling of ore at the Worth
.I Star.
Divine service will bo held, at the School room,
on Sunday next, at 7 l/3 O'clock,   All are ir-.yit.
ed. The discourse will be," Anxiety about the
The Ladies of Port Steele, will give a ball to
the Bachelors, on the 14th of Feb, We are assure*
that it will be the dance of the season,
The Elite Minstrels, will be on deck next Monday
evening, the,boys are working hard, and hqpe to
please all who attend the show.
I wining Association Meeting.
j     The regular meeting of tho Port Steele Mining
Association, will be held to night, all members
are requested to be present, as matters of
importance is to con.': before the association.
Of the five or six thousand people who were
j    attracted to the country by the Placer discoveries on Finlay, Wild Horse and Perry Creek,    be
tween the yearn 180-i. and 1
remained, and are still l-es
David.  Griffith. Ro
Patrick. Cuir-c.
Michael. Phi 1.1 i  p.".
William. Goodrich.
Edward. Bray,
George, Dougherty.
: W.J. Rooke .(Jewell,   '*. Bs
series of weekly poles, for the Prospector, on
mining, and minerals, w-s M.r.Cowell is a
Geologist of repute, ills writings will
be of interest; to. all.
W 11.11
• "T .
.  the following
nts of Port Steele
t . C,  Dore.
- -Joyle.
. '.'-'0 :•..',
■■• i.  ".-mil1.
. VMvalth.
fill write a
Pont forget the miners meeting to nlRht.
jThe attention of our Repres entatives-, Dominion,
and Provincial, are oallod to our wants,
A COUNTY COURT JUDGE to visit us regularly.
THE KOOTENAY RIVER, improved, so that. Steamboat
can reach Fort Steele at a iov sta-e of water.
It is reported that Mr.Burns has imported . new
sett of galways for the coming entertaiprr v.v.v
boys say that they are all right.
;U",l-|:'i"l"l,i"l-l.ri:i"v -M- +
It  Is hard to get news from the outside,  but  the<
is considerable war talk in Steele, it is reported that we have a Yankee spy in town, ''."elll   ,,',,'.
of it V it  is all wind.
-Mr.V/m.Boosie, returned from a visit    to the .'.ort:
i Star, and Sullivan Group Friday,
■H-l M'l'l II 'M-l-h   i-Hf-l-,
The North Star Co, has about a thousand tons of
ore at the landing, and two thoiisord on the dump
t'l'l l"l I 'I'l H"H-W'<«t*H *
If you want to have a good laugh, go to the
Minstrel show next monday ftigh't.
•H"y-f^-7-C-»f-h-t—M~'r-;-•- .H*r-f
•Messers Olson, and Young will furnish the music
at the minstrel show. »m »i«tw»»n
iuji.ijwii iiiim
  I     - -1 jiiji   •'  T '    nl U"II'I'U>"V»""""   '<
unMni i ■ •  ' i  ■M**~**M—"****——*^—
SATURDAY   JANUARY 11th   1896.
■   I   ■■! W—WpWW*
■#*     —>,*niH>!■■•■■''Wj""'1.'   **!
j^ir    r"  **.**.!.***., >**.*.****
C A R I I y    & C U '   I C ;',
SooooBsei's   to
daflin    *    ha'>e, . o-t    htoi'lo P,0.
D 5 A L :: ?, '    If-    H -  T H J i. G,
0 E ti E R A L      *'. E R 0 Jl A !• D I  s Ei
Agents  for PL.VO SO: 's Celebrated SHOES,
M I '.N I N 0    S u P P L  I  2 P.
,.avi"at I'm
and Tramway C-q»
FXPRESS Th'-'ou;h rave \c, j  po,. Pound,
Class A,   p 3.00.'
Class I?,   * °.'^0.
CI  ss 1,   ' 'V'\
']..-."S   ".i   .    il   l.V;.
T.B.H.Cochrane , Pts.. K.P.Armstrong,Manager
■i-i i >'i"i'i i"
The STEELE   H 0 'd S ?..
Strl ct-ly Pirst Glass.
Free Sample Room for Commercial Men.
C!:.-r, L'evett, Prop.
.The A M « R I 0 A W   8 f o R E,
0   3 N E R A L     U E R C II A |.: D I S E,
DRY    0006S, ROOTS ft SHOES,
Port Steele 3.C, Jennings Mont.
' xxxxxxxxxxxxxvxxxxxxxxx'mxxxxxxxvxxxxxxxxxxxx
.AND    P R E I 0 H T    RATES.
B.W.J 0 M E S.
Jennings Montana,
T .    .   i ". T
C0"EUL    fe    ■.'•' A L L T. S G E R.
S A Y E F. S    S:   !,! ETA L L U R 0 I S T S.
Port    Steele    B.C.
R.D.Mathers,Prop. Port Steele B.C.
-r-t-r-H'i'M': :*•*:■:: i :; i i-i: i : k i i :■:-;-! m i-t-:::: i.m-h-
When You cone to Port Steele,
call on     A. M 0 R I N,        and   get   a
•0 0 0 I:      CIGAR.
H 0
COBB    &   B R A V D F P.
G   E ;. E H  A L    B L A ■'." K S M I  T H I 11 0.
ADD   * 0  0 T."! 0 R K I li G.
E5E    S II 0 E I K G    A    S P E C  I  A L T Y.
i .j i . ."i -
,T A M E S. H I G H W A R D E 1..
Tnnsorial    Artist.
S ii h V I II G    '■    iUIIICUI T I N G,
Everything neat and clear..
I i'i i 1 .' i -r-;-~i—I—r ii :   :";  1 ■ I -i—I -r-r-i-f-i-1 -i-i-;—i-fH—i-i-i-i—1—i-.~-r-$-f"v
{■-;■.,■■,.,. H--l-:-l-:-fr'W-+-H--W-H-i-r»-fr-fr^l 1 | !■ | ; l,| l-H
THE   M 0 U K TAIN    II 0 U S E.
Pbrt    Steele    B.C.
'i. J. EIlSOS, Prop.
D E M P S E Y    &.    G R A S S I 0 K.
CONTRACTORS    &    p, IJ I  L D S R S.
Po"t   Steele   ,".■;,
-H-l-l-l-l -I ■} -I -l-l-: 'l"l"H- l-^-M-l-4"l-i-i-i-H-H-1-H-i-H-l-i .t'T I"l-l-l'
THE   M I S S  10 5     STORE.
G E 1! E R A L    M E R  C H A N D I S E.
THE il I 0 H E S T
T.LOVE,  Prop.
~T*-^r~-'''. . ■ ■ i i i i : i i 11 : :■;-[• i i-i i-i-i-i-f-r-K-s-n m- 1111 i-i-n-f
Wl    th*™ ? Dont forget the
C   0 L I! M 3  I A    L A U Ii D R Y.
"■' A S HI N G    and   M E N D I N 0.
■H-H-*-H M I I II I I I'l I I I I I | j n I I'l'W-l-


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