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The Prospector Dec 28, 1901

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Array Library of L*g Aoi  X  PAGES 1 TO 8  Vol.  16   PAGES  EORT STEELE, B. C,  SATURDAY, DECEMBER i?S, 1901.  No  fl  H��  it*  j>  I  HP   "  I��y  ^  Fort    Steele;.  (.        By Mufjli Wnlt. M.I).  The  history of   the  town   of  Fort  Steele,   under   that   name,  does not go back'farther than to  the year 1K87, when   Major, now  Colonel  Steele,   came  in with a  small   force  of  the   North-West  Mounted' Police, ', there    being  some  signs   of   insubordination  among  our   Indian   population.  Our worthy friend  and  pioneer  Mr. David Griffith, has the honor  of  giving  the  place its present  name;   and, it  is one of  which  every loyal resident of our goodly town is proud-stirring up,   as  it does, pleasant memories, per-  "      sonal and patriotic, not only  of  the gallant officer whose  name  we bear? but of the .brave  little  troop of Strathcona's who  went  '_out from'there two years ago. and  ^amid the hills ' of the Transvaal  ^fought��so faithfully  for Queen  p and Empire. There is something  in  a name and its associations-  "aafter all; but name "and  assoc?  ations alone will not ensure  to a  ,<!  town trial growth and prosperity  which'in these  days  of keenest  competition we are all so eagerly  striving for.   Has then our town  in its natural site and  surroundings, thosec'elements  of growth  and prosperity which sooner or  later will give us a permanent and  commanding position in the district?     We  believe  it has;  and  in  the course  of this article we  hope to estabish on a firm  basis  pur reasons for "the faith that is  in "us".       "���  But we niust deal a Utile more  fully with the historical side.   It  was  in   the year 180)3 thai gold  was first   discovered "on Finlay  creek, and in ,the following year  rich' diggings   were   struck  on  Wild Horse creek.    Some of the  "dust*"    gathered    from    these  diggings being exhibited  south  of the boundary line, a rush  for  the new gold fields  immediately  followed; and among those who  came in at this time (186-1)   were  the late Mr. John T.   Galbraith,  Win. Fernie, D.   Griffith, Robert  Dorc,   P.   Quirk and P. Boyle���  the latter four of whom are  still  in  the district   with   us.     The  Hudson Bay Co. had had a small  trading post near the Boundary,  just on the line of the  new  railway, and this, following the  influx of miners, was moved up   to  Wild Horse creek, the site chosen  being at  the  bend of the creek  near  the  Hospital.    Something  of a trading town too sprang up  nearer   the   diggings,   and this  flourished during the best years  of the creek, but is now the habitation of Chinese only, who still  work   the   creek   year by year  with varying success.  Besides tho diggings on  Wild  Horse  creek other  portions  of  tho district were explored; and  gold  was  discovered  on   Perry  creek in 1868, on the Moyio and  its    tributaries ��� Palmer     Bar,  Weaver, &c, in 1869:70, and on  Bull river in 1871.   In those early  days,  when supplies  and  tools  were dear and thus the  expense  of mining great, only the shallowest   and   richest   ground on  these creeks was worked.    Various     attempts,,    especially   on  Perry creek, were made to reach  the deeper ground but without  much success.   The recent strike  by Thompson,   Thies   and   the  .Banks Brothers has denionstrat-  "  ed,   however,  that this can  be  done, and we look for a revival  of placer mining,   as   a   consequence, not only on Perry, but  others of the old historic creeks,  and not least on famous old Wild  Horse.        II ���  The present Chinatown on  this creek, about 4 miles from  Fort Steele, was known at first  as Fisherville. and was for years  the Government headquarters  for the mining district of Koote-  uay. ����� The first Gold Commis  sioner was ,J. Bowler Geoghan,  appointed by Governor Douglas.  His successors were J. C. Haines,  P. O'Reilly, Judge Ball,'.of Cark  boo; W. Busliby and A. W. Vow-  ell. Mr. Wm. Fernie was also  for sometime assistant commissioner.  In the year 1870 Mr. John  Galbraith bought out the stock  of the Hudson Bay Company;  and from that date the business  of the Galbraith  Brothers  was  by   Mr.   Hardisty,   now   private  secretary to Lord Sirathcona . ���  The existence'of coal in Ibe  Elk river region was known oyer  40 years ago, but it was not until  the eighties, when the deposits  were examined and reported on  by Mr. Selwyn of tho geological  survey,,-that they began to attract attention. In 1888 thefii\St  rai|way charter was granted ana  the name of the Crow's Nest &  Kootenay, and this, with varying fortunes and under different  names was kept alive from year  to year, amended, enlarged  and  much this unfortunate combination has cost'Hie Dominion exchequer in increased subsidy,  and the C. P. R. itself in increased mileage, it is unnecessary in  this article ��o~ estimate. Nor  need we more than mention the  Joss occasioned to the district in  general in the hindered development of mining prospects on the  easi side .of Ihe river, and the  temporary sot-back to the town  of Fort Steele.  But the future, be  it  soon  or  late, will not only show  all  this  partially at least of its essence.;,  and'besides "the company found  itself in something the plight of  Sinbad the sailor���with an old  'man of the sea (or creek) to  carry., " All this was' very unfortunate and of course injurious  to the public interests.  There has'been time since 1897  for a pretty thorough study of:  the, topography of the district  and of its ore producing possibilities; and we see so far the  result in the railway charters  granted last session  at Victoria  clearly,   but  to some extent., we and Ottawa: Primarily the Koote-  the sole business of importance  most generously coddled by the  in the district, their stores being  located at Perry creek, Joseph's  Prairie,   Wild   Horse and  Gal-  braith's Forry���a   name   which  eventually gave way to that of  Fort  Steele.  > The  ranch,   now  the    site   of   Cranbrook.     was  bought by  Mr.   John   T,   Galbraith in 1864 and  sold  in the  early 80's. to , Col.   Baker.     The  beautiful sight of the St. Eugene  Mission was located by Mr. Jas.  W. Galbraith, "and later sold to  Markley, from whom it was purchased for the. Oblat   Fathers.  The    first   Mission. priest  was  Father Fouquet     From a small  beginning it has grown in scope  and importance, until now, with  its Indian Industrial School and  stately church, all under the energetic   management of  Father  Coccola, it is one of the most important institutes in the district.  In 1865  Mr.   Phillipps,   now  of  Tobacco   Plains,    was    put   in  charge of the Hudson Bay Co's  business here and was succeeded,  on his becoming Indian  Agent,  Legislature, until in the winter  of 1896-7 it came  into   the  possession of the  Canadian  Pacific  Company, under the name of tho  British Columbia Southern.   But  notwithstanding  the change of  ownership,  the  construction of  the railway did not seem any too  certain   until    the    magnificent  land grant.made by the Province  was capped by an equally royal  cash subsidy from the Dominion  Government, of $11,000. per mile  of completed road.     With  such  super-generous assistance it was  no trick to build a railway even  through   "a sea of mountains",  which South East Kootenay. is  not.   .But it required the greater  skill to  take  the wrong   route  through the district (for the  development of   its   wide   spread  mineral   riches),   and  thus  also  avoid the only town then within  its limits.    This was  managed,  however,   by  a  combination   of  precipitate haste in location,   an  itinerant scribe,   and a spiteful  chief of construction.    Just how  believe,   will  bring  to   the  unserved  portions of the  district  relief, and a measure at least of  delayed   justice.      For,   though  the mills of the gods grind slowly,     they     grind     exceedingly  small".    Hastily and negligently  just as purposely and  spitefully  made  mistakes in  railway location, as in all things else human,  have  to   be  paid for in the long  run.      The   saiie   and   sensible  method    of    railway    building  through   a mountainous-.mining  region,   one would think.would  be; first, make a thorough study  of the great natural topographical features of the district;   second, study how best to reach, or  serve  the   greatest   number   of  developing mines and encourage  the    development     of    others;  third, so combine these to points  as, in location, to find the easiest  grades  and  the shortest (if. the  best) way  through   the  district.  Everybody knows that in the location of the C.P.R. these things  were not done, for in its contract  with  the  government  time was  nay Central, to run from the International Boundry by  way  of  Fort Steele and Windermere  to  Golden; and that from Crawford  Bay on the lower Kootenay down  the   St.   Mary's  valley with its  terminus    at   Fort Steele.     It  may also be noted that the C. P.  R., recognizing the  importance  of   entering   Fort   .Steele    and  reaching the mines  on  the east  side of the river,' holds a charter  empowering it to build from  or  near the Junction to Fort Steele  Windermere and Golden.     Both  these north    and   South. roads  may not be built, but one  assuredly will and equally certain  of  construction may be considered  that down the valley ��� of the St.  Mary's with its natural terminus  at  the confluence  of that river  with the Kootenay.     Certain of  our sneering friends may  speak  of  these as   "paper railways";  but   events   and . conditions arc  stronger than sneerers,   and we  fancy it possible that once again  the old proverb may be proved  1 Coutinucd on Page 8.  THE MINERAL RESOURCES AND  PROSPECTS OF EAST  KOOTENAY.  By W. Blakeraore,   M.'E..   Montreal,  ,, It is  not  to   be  wondered  at  that   in the judgement of  outsiders, by which we mean  those  who have.not had the  privilege,  ,of living,in  South   East Kootenay, our section of  they country  has been somewhat overshadow'  ed    by   its   big   rival   in   West  Kootenay.     We  have  not been  able to exploit  such  companies  as the Le Roi. War Eagle,Centre  Star,   Payne  and  Granby  with  their piled up millions  of capitalization and therefore have not  been  so successful in3 catching  the eye of ttie investing  public,  for which we  venture  to think  that    same     investing     public  should   be    devoutly    thankful,-  We have  however  done   something in the   mining  world  and  venture to think sufficient to entitle East Kootenay to more consideration   and" respect  than ' it  generally receives.     The .object  of this article is not in any sense  to  boom the district,   a  course  which we observe has  not been,  attended with  unfailing success  in other parts of  the  province,  but rather to point out'the sub'  stantial and permanent character  of some of our principal   mining  properties and at this chantabl6���<  season of the year to gather per-    '  haps a few kindly thoughts from  those^who may not be unwilling'  in  the near "future  to  transfer  their allegiance from more pretentious   mining   fields   ro   one  which    will   undoubtedly   yield  satisfactory returns.  *  Whaicver else we may claim,  even our keenest rivals" will  not  dispute the fact that'in the coal-  deposits of tlie Crow's Nest Pass  we   have probably   the  highest  type   of  fuel   known.      A  bituminous coal running as high   as  78% in fixed carbon with   i'%   of  ash and  practically  uo   sulphur  is something to be proud of aud  a   natural   product   which   can  challenge comparison  with  any  other in the civilized world   The  effect of mining this coal to the  extent of 400,000 tons per annum  since the mines were first opened up in I89d has  already  been  felt   throughout   the   whole   of  southern' British   Columbia   as  the substitution of  Fernie coal  at 85.00 a ton for American and  Welsh coal at ��10.00 aud Fernie  coke at ��7.00 for imported coke  at ��18 to ��20 has probably been  the one means of developing the  greatest industries of the  Province.     In 1897 F. A. Heinze was  kind enough to  treat  Rossland  ores for ��13.00 a ton: in 1901 the  same ores are being  treated  at  the customs smelter belonging to  the Canadian Smelting Company  at Trail for ��5.00.     In   addition  to this it is not too much to say  that the low grade ores  of ,the  Boundary camp, which run about  ��4.00 per ton could  never  have  been touched if they had  to .be  smelted   with   fuel   at   the   old  price and  it  is  entirely  due  to  this . product   of,  South    East  Kootenay   that    the    Boundary  camp has been established, that  three or four smelters  are' run-,  ning in that district  today and,,  that such populous and thriving  cities     as     Grand   Forks   and  Greenwood have  sprung , up  in ...  the last three years.    The possibilities however  of this  branch  of our trade !��� are not confined to  the province for already half of  the output of the Fernie Coal Co.  is going south over  the line  to  the     American     railways   and.  smelters and it is  a matter of  common knowledge that Mr.  ,L  J. Hill has stated that lie,is.,pre'..  Continued on Page S. THE PROSPECTOR,: FORT STEELE, B.C.,  DECEMBER 28,  H)0i.  WILD HORSE CR EJEK.--  [heavy steel piping was laid from* that   it, is   the   intention  of j^ho_  jthe large ditch, which carries  a,;company    to    p.ut , inVa \ large  ���'     .;.'''' ',    '     r ���L:lL.^2^.:2'..--..:.:L2.i^:.r- ���������''.',.'���'.   ' ������ ,   jpi'essure of nOO fercf.   ' A. line; 'of ;clevn-iiiig:   hydraulic    'plant   1o  ���".'.,��� ' ������ '���       ������,.'. "'  .:/,."    ',���./'"'���'>'������ l'/o' ,.,',;, ;iiV   ;���    '   ���>        :| pipe  was  also laid from, what is (work the deep gravel .in-line main  Aii Old Time Creek ������ Constant IUnown as ^<Qhim>: aster,; which \x-^ak,,:. iyM shafts hiive: been  "   ��� ��� '"' !l    a'pressure   oP'i'.iO"   , feet, {.sunk to ��� a'depth of fifty feet/ and  Producer of tlie fellow  (has  | There-. are   four largemonitors, I the���'���"'gravel'' proved   to  be   very  jelectric    light    plantvi ;ind   the | rich.,   Inforinalion from London  '.; equipments, water,privileges are j is.to t he effect fh;i't,��75,0,00 i's-set  ���iinot  men working at different  points  along the creek.-        ���.  In conclusion we will say that  the present situation now ihdi-'  cafes, that, the placer, output  from Wild Horse' creek -will,  amount to''between ��20,000 and  ��2rijO('H.i,- 'aii increase.6f one  huncired per cent over the  total  Lnot 'excelled" :i1i- any po"rti,oir of I aside;; fori' iiuproVeinentiri   :ilt>n��i,j ii"<'l*l 0l��t;<Hhilcii<��n   of  the. district  y,he Province.: . Durintr the' past! the. a.l'>oye .line during I he com- r'J,^V .V*-':,r\v .. ,v ���      '���, ..-,,,...'L' './���;  Rapicily   Coming {to   the    Frohf  lv ^ !���:������. Producing Gamp.  Wild'"Horse   Creek and itsj  tributaries    in     the    immediate1  vicinity  ol   the   town   of   Fort J  Steele,   ha-   been   the  .scene   of  great     acthity    in    placer   and j  quartz   minimi  during  the past;  vear.     A vast amount   of   (level  opuient woik has been dene, and '  in several instaiic.- a number of  properties are in a   condition   to  .ship       Th<j   development    work;  that   hu-   been doue l- o) such a  character U- to induce-ilic   behei  that    with    adequate   means   or  transportation. "   next     summer  will   show  up   producing  muir-  which.'will   atld  greatly   to  tin (  fame of the Fort Steele distrkt    ,  It.   was'on   W|ld   Hoi'-e ereek-  thai   the  discoveries  or   piacei  ��'old were made in the ^arlj I'.O's  and every year  since   a  uieater  or  le.s.s   amount  oi    the   \ el low  metal lias been   taken   from 'the'  old  ground,   and  even  now e.\ ���  tensive  placer,    work   i&   being'  done by the old met hods and  by j  expensive hydraulic   machinery. I  From reports received. tl>e  out-.  put  Of   placer  sold   from   Wild;  Horse this year will exceed that j  of 1900'by at least 100/,.  Working placers however, is  now confined to five or six companies, ���and has'given place to  quartz mining, and now the historic creek is literally covered  with mining locati  them known to be  'others will require extensive development-to place them on a  shipping basis.1* The mineral  belt 'travercmgW-his section extends from Bull, river to Shoe]!  ' treek and it is within this belt  that the principal claims on Wild  Horse and its tributaries are located.' , ,      ��� "  It has been estimated that  over 200 men have beyn engaged  in the development, of tho quartz  ��� and placer mines on Wild Horse  crcok. Works of great magnitude have been planned for next  year. a large amount of  machinery will be installed, the  payroll will be increased, mineral which has been hidden in the  mountains will be made available. This section of the Fort  Steele mining division is now  entering upon an era of prosperity Car exceeding tho hopes of  tho people. In our opinion there!  is  no   section   ol   the  as  a  ."'i'Yi'Wi-*������'/���'iwo/"years,' the  upper :po.ni<m of Hug/season. <  ���'��� V\..'      ���������-' | the   Inviera 'ground"; lms '/ .'.been LnTp -���&��� tuck:  leased   fo" a  Chines,,'  com pa'' vy  twho   seem   to   be   we  11   san-iied  with  conditions,   and  .ir" said'lo  ' .>T1iio.;,N i | > & -Tuck, was p'u r'chas-  ed lrom a Vancouver syndicate  asi spring l<ir the sum ol s^.onn  v Quartz   Mining.   /  ..'  jir at tenipting- to ^review   the  .'|ii-i')<ri'i'S��' ri|'; (pi'-u-'iz    alining   on  Wild   llorsi-   cnvtlc   during   the  //niisl  bade  ons,   many  of  of  thc   l'lace1'   tioUN. now oeins  of great value actively worked on  ^ ikl   Horse  creek, three miles from the town  of Fort Steele.  THE INVICTA GOLD MINES, LTD.  ^Ts the title of the large English corporation-engaaed in. hydraulic mining on Wild Horse  creek. . The properry consists of  about a mile and a quarter,of  hill diggings on the north west  side of the creek, also extensive  claims on thc south east side of  the creek. There are three excellent ditches, the largest beinir  live miles long and cairioss l.'iuO  inches of water. Ax the 'intake  of this ditch is a dam 00 feet  high. The gravel consists of  about 00 feet of top loose gravel.  o0 feet of red gravel, and -10 feet  of a blue cement, all of which ,  contains gold in paying quanti-j  ties Under these, and laying"  on the bedrock', which is chloritic  slate, is a 'bodv of yellow river  gravel which bears e\ iclonce of  Province100111-   v01',y   much   water-worn.  .which   holds   out   such   induce-i'a��cl ��ow occupies what is known  ment.- as the mineral belt   which,1"'' *"<-' old ���channel  traverses the main range of  the  Rocky Mountains in the vicinitv  of Steele     None of ihe   mineral  sections    in    British     Columbia  which   are   attracting   universal  attention, could in the early days  of  their  history   offer   such   inducements for the investment of  capital as   South East Kootenay j  can offer today.  Mines in this district are  easy,  of access, easily developed, with  large   bodies  of  ore  be taking out between  four   and  five dollars per day to  the   man.  The    ground     is , lease.!    to    a ! twelve mouths to show the state  Chinese outfit who  pay a,  yearlvj.of   the  mines one year ago, and  DVKDKXCI  KS    AUIIASTKA���WILD    MOUSI-:  C'KKUK.  In 1 - ���;  lie <ri ave  The gold is coarse  aim   nuggets  , of *S and $10 arc common.    The  was worked j largest  piece   taken  out  in late  grade  and   such   as  of   a   fair  will   yield  . readily to treatment. '���  .The. people  who   have . staid  with' the  district,   w;ho have.an  abiding   faith ,in   its  future will  ' reap, the', reward . which- patient  waiting merits,,-.  :" A'raihyj&y traverses the district  .east- and    west,   this, line-'has  proved inefficient for the  future  development;  of the district/and  promises are giv^n that another  railway will penetrate the mining   region,   north    and    south,  when .this   is   accomplished  the  district will be better equipped  with transportation facilities and  go forward with gigantic strides  to prosperity. on a smallscale, and the follow  wild  horse, placers. ' ing   year    thc   company    made  The following is a description many improvements.,     A line of,  rental of ��l.">00. A laryo amount  of dead work', such as cutting  bedrock flumes, putting in ditches were performed before1 the  season fairly opened which required thc expenditure of time  and money, in fact the reconstruction of the. whole workings  was accomplished. It is expected that the clean up now going  on will amount to some six or  eight thousand dollars.  CHINESE OUTFITS.  Several Chinese outfits are  working in the beci of Wild  Horse creek, some having put.in  wing dams. One Chinese company who fiumed the creek near  Boulder creek, at an expense of  Si,500, are doing well.  their present condition. Twelve  months ago there were a number ol properties under devolop-  menl. The most prominent of  these were the Big Chief and  Dupont Other claims were being developed to the extent of  the annual assessment. In fact  few mines in this vicinity that  received more than superficial  development. But there was  however, much work planned  lor the year now passed, yet the  conditions ol transportation  throughout the district wurc  such as to prevent a considerable amount of the work planned  to be set aside for another and  rnore auspicious year. The  amount of intelligent develop-  iment accomplished^ in. most in-  ; The old International Placer jstauces   bas   reached   the esti-  Co. are out.of the business.   Bob ���  Dore'    retaining     the    ground,'  years weighed   eight, and a half  ounces.  If is said upon good  authority  retaining  which was .worked to a small ex-  Lent, last year. No work done  this .summer.  An outfit near the mouth of  Boulder creek who run a tunnel  in the deep'bench gravel made  good wages.  The Ban Wan Company with  a force of 12 men are at vyork on  flic east side of the creek, they  have a. large live inch giant at  work.  There are some (30 to 70 China-  j mates. This is a state of affairs  most gratifying and has done  more to call the attention to the  wonderful resources of the, famous creek than anything but  actual development could have  done. There is no surer indication of prosperity than when  people;get in and determine to  show tho world that the statements which they have' freely  circulated can be bourne out by.  facts. Up to the present time  the incentive to go on and develop was  small,  transportation  facilities were inadequate ,a.nd it  was difficult to induce.capital   to*  seek  a field  for   investment  in  which there  were ��� ho   provision  for imiiiediate^sliipinents of, ore.  This    condition   6f   affairs   has{  happily been, clianged.   ^ A * rail-;  road, is promised', itwill trayei;se'-  the district north   and ,sOuth.;vif{  will ���������V .penetrate/'.--   the . ''jmmensV  mineraj  area in , the, vicinity  off  Fort Steele^; and cohthine'' north ���'.  to the /Windermeremining.! dis'  Jricf   where   a. large  amount'of  high' grade ore awaits   Iranspoi"  talion.  As before stated many of \lnr  properties in this vicinity have  advanced beyond the prospeol  stage, and have been developed  into mines, and a number ol'  prospects are approaching a  siaye of development wherr  they can coulideui ly he hoped \a  become shipping mmes  TIGER    &    POORMAN    GROUP.  On the divide between the1  north fork ol Wild Uor.se and  Din rile crooks, a tributary of  Sheep creek, are, located' the*  Tiger and I'oorman' group of  mines. The owners have been-  busy during the past summer developing the property which is-  showing up'"well. It 'was the intention of the owners fb shijr  several hundred tons this fall-  but'owing to the high rate of  packing, throe quarters of a cent,  a pound, to the wagon road. ft  was*concltided to await a better-  opportunity.  There ,,ire several hundred  tons of rich ore on the dump'  which will average over $100' to1  the ton. besides a large quantity  of concentrating ore.  There is an abundance of timber for all mining purposes, and  water within a shorUlistance of  camp.  DARDENELLES.  This ."property   is  situated on  Shepard   Gulch   a���tributary oi'  Wild Horse creek.     The  grouj/  consists   of   three   claims,'  the  Dardenelles.   lithel  and  Mother"  Lode, c The Banks Bros, are the    ,  owners.    The property  was  located  in' 1803.   and   since   that  time a large amount of work has-  been done.    An arasta was  con'  structed     and     a ..considerable*  amount  of  ore put through, the  returns   showing   that   the   ore   o  was      free-milling.     a\eraging'  about s25 per ton in  gold.      Development     work     consists   oi'  several hundred feet of   tunnels-  aud drifts.   . 0  DOHERTY    GROUP.  This group comprises four ful��  claims, the^pTincipal one being'  thc Doherty. on which a large-  amount of development has been  done. An incline funnel is dowif  10.1 feet,-with a cross-cut of ten  Icet. all in solid ore: other work  has been done on tho groin?  which would bring the total development to about 2.">0 feet of  tunneling. "~'  The ore is a Jree-nnlling gold-  quartz, and there is without'  doubt La large body carrying;  values from ��10 to $l'() per ton.  The Doherty is easy of access-  and so situated as to render development work- comparatively  easy, and .allow it, to be done  very economically.  TIT    FOR    TAT.  This property is owned by  David Griffith, and at one time  was stocked for ��"00,000. Four'  claims comprise tho group. The  ore isMi free-milling gold quart?;  similar to that found iii the adjoining, Dardenelles group.  BALD   MOUNTAIN.  Is situated on the west bank  of Wild Horse creek overlooking'  the old placer ground, a large, .  amount of development work  has been done, there are; several  tunnels and shafts, the vein is-"  said. ,',to be 50 feet in width, the  ore a. gold quartz.  MIDAS.  Thei Midas  is an extension of  the Dupont group on   the  south-'  east, on the property is a strong  lead eight feet in width, which  carries good values in gold,  j  Continued on Puko 7.  :6" ���  1  .'., SUBSCRIBE. '  FOK  THE PROSPECTOR.  \r THE -PROSPECTOR; FORT STKELE. 'B,- C, DECEMBER 28,   1901.  ��ite $f��&&p2xi0z.  SATURDAY, DI'X'KMIJKIliS. 1!W1.  A   THRIVING   PLACE  The Town of  Wasa.���Lumber  0 the Principal Industry.  fully  managed  is  grown   all  GOOD HUNTING AND FISHING.  About twelve miles north from  FoYt'Steele "uy'rh-e wagon road,  on (he east bank of the Koole-  jiay river, is situated what is  known as Wasa, the property of  Mr. Nils Hanson, who settled  there i it the year 1880. -Wasa is  one of the mosi beautiful places  in the Kootenay valley. Mr.  Hanson is well and favorably  known from Golden south to thc  international boundary line. He  ha,s spent a large amount in tho  development of his property Hu  has a splendid system of irrigation, a young orchard,'well advanced and in a-, healthy condition: and a care  garden in''which  . kinds of vegetables.  As a stopping place, not to bo  overlooked1 by travellers?. Wasa  is well known, "it is an ideal  spot for hunting and fishing, and  hunters from thc Old Country  and the States always make  their headquarters at Wasa.  The hotel is one of tho best in  South East Kootenay, and has  all 'modern' improvements, is  lighted by gas,' and is supplied'  ��� with pure water by a gravity  system from'a nearby spring, it  is- conceded that no better accommodation can bo found anywhere in. the province than at  YVusa. '  Town of Wasa,'  The town of Wasa consists of  some twenty or more buildings,  including <a large general merchandise store, hotel, blacksmith  shop, etc..', The town has'a high  ��� pressure water ' system,' gas,  plant,' and is up to date in many  respects. It is a favorite place  for summer outings, good hunting and fishing', being the chief  source of amusement.  Wasa Lumber "Industry.  " There arc two sawmills at  Wasa, and at present there is .on  hand over 1,000,000 feet of  seasoned lumber. also over  1,500,000 feet of logs on hand  ready for sawing. Fort Steele  js thc principal market, ��� though  when tho north and south railway is completed, furnishing the  necessary transportation facilities, a large amount of lumber  will be shipped from this point.  Built a Bridge.  That Mr. Hanson has a firm  confidence in the future prosperity of South East Kootenay is  bourne out by thc large investments which he has made in  nearly-every town in the district  Also in thc construction of one  of thc best and tnost? substantial  bridges in the Port Steele district. Mr. Hanson expended  nearly &;">,,000 in its construction.  The bridge is f>00 feet in length,  with a draw 558 feet in width.  Over 80,000 feet of timber and  two tons'of iron was used   in   its  construction.  Thc   bridge   is  nine feet above high water mark  and has a most substantial appearance; and is capable.of  carrying a load of 30 tons.  The  Shipping Mines.  North Star  was the -first  shipping mine in the Fort Steele  district. ' There "is a large  amount of ore blocked out, and  au apparently inexhaustible  supply, in^reserve. Thousands  of tons of galena ore has been  average  of   the  has   been  about  shipped. The  output for 1901  40 tons daily.  The St. Eugene mine, iir l'JOO  was the largest shipping mine in  British 'Columbia; During the  early part of this year the output was nearly 500 tons daily,  yielding about 125 tons of rich  concentrates. The mine is at  ���present closed'down waiting for  nn advance in lead.  The   Sullivan . mine   shipped  5.000 Ions oi silver-lead during  lilOO, the output during the rirsl  three months of 1001 was 40 tons  daily. The mine since, thai  time has been closed down,  awaiting the construction of a  smelter, by the company, for the  treatment of ore. It is said that  the smelter will be in operation  early in the coming spring.  The Society Cirl has shipped  several hundred tons of silver-  lead ore during the past year.  The owners are now engaged in  sinking on the ova body and  shipments are expected to commence next spring.  The Aurora has seven feel of  rich galena ore. It is expected  that this property will become a  producer and shipper-as soon as  tiansportation is afforded. The  ore will have to, be taken from  the mine across Lake Moyie to  the railway.  The Estella, situate at Tracy  creek, has adarge amount of ore  in sight, and several thousand  tons on the dump. Lack of  .transportation has retarded the  shipping of ore from this property.     It will ship in W)Q'2.  The Tiger group of mines, situate on the divide between  Sheep and Wild' Horse creeks,  have a large amount of rich  galena and copper ore ready for  .shipment. It was the intenlion  of the owners to make a shipment of several hundred tons  this fall, but a combination of  circumstances, such as lack of a  good trail, the high price of  packing, nearly, a cent a pound,  prevented shipping. The ore is  of a very high grade else it could  not have' stood the .proposed  shipment.  , The Old Abe group of�� mines,  recently bonded to a Rossland  syndicate,- is expected to become  a .shipper, during the coming  year. It-has a large amount, of-  excellent copper ore .in sight and  on .the dump which will average  ��10 to the ton.  The/Black Bear mine is now  in better shape than ever before  and-according to recent reports  has passed the prospect stage  aud ' may be classed as a mine.  A considerable amount of ore is  on the dump ready for shipment.  The Empire mine on Sand  creek, has an excellent showing  of ore, with a large amount on  the dump ready, for shipment.  It is saidc- there is eight feet of  ore in the workings that will  average 10% copper.  The Kootenay King;--situate on  Victoria creek a tributary of  Wild Horse creek, has a large  amount of ore in sight, and considerable on the dump. The ore  is galena, aud with cheap transportation facilities would become a shipper.'  At the head of quartz creek, a  tributary' of Bull river, is the  Star group of mines, upon which  a large amount of development  has been done, , and the mine  thoroughly exploited. The lead  is OH feet/ in width, the ore is  copper, and the showing is such  is to lead to the belief that thee  properly will join the rank of  the shippers before the season  of 100*2 is ended.  The Golden Five group is another promising' property,  situate on' Wild Horse, ereek,; of  which great things are expected  Shipping pre ��� has been encountered, and when operations'  are resumed in the spring  shipping will commence.  . The Tontine on Tanglefoot,  over the divide from Boulder  creek, a tributary of Wild Horse  creek, is fairly well developed  and the work of further exploration will be resumed in the  spring. The owners are confident that ore, of a shipping  grade can be extracted   in large  *        #        *        *        t��?i  5  , J^ST(T  Headauarters   for   Mining   and   Commercial  ZVIen  *  The  Hotel  Windsor  All    Modern     Conveniences  ^  FORT    STEELE,   B.   C.  Large    Sample   Rooms   for   Commercial   Men.  --^JT  CARLIN   <fc  MERCHANTS  Fort  Steele,  Sole Agents for the  DURIOK  GENl-RAi:  Eest ������ ���  >  Kootenav.  canton him  COMPANY  This Steel, is guaranteed to be equal to Jessop's or' Firths' in all  Hard Rock Work. .   -     ' , ,>  Sole Agents  crow's Nest Goal company  Giant Powder company.  Monte, 6arlo Restaurant.  THE MOST  UP-TO-DATE  PLACE IN FORT STEELE.  Everything; Cooked  'as  vou   I.IKE   IT.  WM. ROBINSON,   Proprietor,  Fort Steele  Meat Market  FRESH   and  R. W. ROGERS, Proprietor.  SALT   MEATS  ON HAND.  ALWAYS  Sole   Agents  Mining Supplies a Specialty.  Agenls for the   MASSEY    HARRIS   CO., Limited.  Farming   Implements.  Fresh Halibut. ^Salmon, Salmon Trout, Bologna  Sausage,-  Fish and Game in Season. .  Butter and Eggs  Fort Steele  and  Kiniberle}'.  1 N. HANSON, 1  The Steele House  Fort Steele, B. G.  Centrally Situated on Riverside Avenue.  Conducted on Up-To-Date Methods.  The Best Bar In Town. ���   ���  D. McNeish  proprietor:  ������&  General JVlercHattt  Liquor Dealer.  AND  *#����***********��*************************************  Port  revving  FORT' STEELE,  B. C.  g^ Manufacturer of all Kinds of Lumber,       A large assort- ZZS  Cr: ment of seasoned Lumber and Shingles always 3  ���^ on hand. :2  5E: DIMENSION     LUMBER     A     SPECIALTY. =2  WflSfl,  B.G.  ^iUiaiuaiiiiiaaiiaiiiiUiiiiusiiiuauiiiiiiiiiUiiiiiiiiiiiiaisS.  JUST    RECEIVED  _ ^L  quantities.  The machinery consisting of a  concentrating and compressor  plant which will be installed oii  the.Estella mine, on Tracy, creek  is sufficient evidence, to the outsider, that the property is regarded as of great value.  MANUFACTURERS     and     BREWERS"   OF    EXTRA   FINE  BEER    %    PORTER  SOLD   BY   THE, BARREL,    KEG; OR    BOTTLED  Bottled beer for. family use a specialty  OUTSIDE ORDERS GIVEN STRICT $ PROMPT ATTENTION  P. O. BOX 812  TELEPHONE  NO. 1  SATISFACTION GUARANTEED  Mtitz & Scott, Prop's.  Assorted Car of Best Brands of Flour  and   Meals,  etc.  Flour, Patent Hungarian and Strong.1 Baker.  Rolled Oats, Cracked Wheat, Wheatletts.  Co'rnmeal, Buckwheat Flour, Split Peas,  ,        L Navy  Beans.   Li ma Beans, Pot Barley, etc  Bran     Chops     Shorts     Oafs     Hayv  . Fleetwood Tea, a pure article imported direct from Ceylon ''  -.'���'' try it once and you will use no other.  v    Fresh Breakfast  Butter and Eggs.  Bacon,   Hams  and Dry Salt Side Bacon,'  S.  POTATOES   and   CARROTS  FIREWOOD all lengths to suit all stoves. ...  ;   THE   FORT   STEELE  FLOUR and FEED  STORE  E.-C. MILLER,'Proprietor.        * P0$T OFFICE BOX 836.  2��f"   All goods guaranteed and prices also'as being correct.  Send in orders. , THE PROSPECTOR,   FORT STEELE,   U. C\.  DECEMBER 28,  1901.
SATURDAY, dkck.mhkj: :N mil.
method of  bringing   produce   to
Tlie posilion of   Elko  renders
it tbe shi])]jing point of  all   pro
duce   raised   in   the surrounding
coal   mines   oJ
(iKOiiOE Watson.
A prom in..-in niinintr mini of thtMU-trift.
THE    TOWN    OF    ELKO.
"The Railway Center of South
East Kootenay.-The Future
Smelter Town of the District—
A Town of Much Promise.
«-      KyC  M. KiiwiiriK.   "
Elko is situated ai the crossing jtom <H   ■
of Elk river and the Crow"? Nest
branch of the   Canadian  Pacific)
,    Railway,   and   will  also  be'the I
point at which the.- Crow's • Nest
Southern Railway from Jennings •'
Montana, will cross  the   Crow's '
Nest branch:" The latter is being
l constructed to connect with   the
vast coal areas .in   the-valley  of
tbe Elk river  some  eight  miles
up stream.   ,
The town   at   present  has   a
very lively  appearance,   numer,-
lous houses being built, and those
already constructed occupied by
.   business men showing thatElko
is  a good' point from   tho merchants 'point   of   view.      Three
.     -good '   hotels,      two    ' boarding
bouses,   three  cloih'mg   houses,
two 'chemists'  slQros,    two  general stores, three lively  stables,
1    post officer lowmsilo building and
school arc among   the   buildings
used   in    the   business   of    the
Ju   addition   to   the above is a,
hospital   with   twelve  beds  and
two private wards', and,near   the
depot arc    Pat   'Burns  butcher
' shops; and Guthrie & Go's  com-l
mod ions warehouses   where* one
can purchase almost  everything
from a noodle to a, steam shovel.
The country surrounding Elko
is one of exl reme   beauty.      The
grassy  bench  lands  are  dotted
with   graceful   pines.     The  absence of undergrowth permits an
interrupted     view     .in (    every
direction and through the groves
oi" pines  can be seen the grand
peaks of tho   Rocky  Mountains.
To.the. tourist, Elko and the ? ir-
rounding   <   country       preset ts
numerous  attractions,    the   picturesque  scenery   and  sports i f
all   sorts of  big  game, fish and
fowl tending to make it as it' now
has become known the ideal spot
for one who loves nature.
The Elk river ilowing through
district,    to   the
Fernie,    Michel     and    Morristn
and   also   to  Cranbrook and tin
We.st Kootenay town.-,.
Prospecting is carried on to a
very large extent in the moun
tains near Elko and though no
large bodies of o; e have been
found, yet surface indication's go
to show that with work ii i.s
more than probable good mines
will be developed.
It is strictly on the cards   that
Elko will be the ultimate  smell
ing point for.South East   Kootenay, and in support of  the  contention,   that   it   is    the   proper
site, we consider   the   proximity
to the coal, the fact that all   the|
railways  are  down   grade  from I
both coa), coke and   ore.     That]
we have a direct' line of   railway !
to   the   United   Slates   to ship]
matte  or  bullion,   ami Hie won-1
dorful   water   power   the   \ovy,
necessary adjunct to a smelter.
The people of Elko send greet
ing to the editor of Ih,  Pi(>>)»<■/<//•
aud wish   him   the  compliments       , , 	
of the season, adding w uh other  7,'      l'!"Ty a M,t1u,ilMU «">><>unl • appear'to be true fissures.      The
-■  •--■   "    -   ' '- • ■ 'ol .ledge mauer lou.irrani aeon 'wall n>rk uhich usually  hnpro"-
siderahie amount of capita!' o.v j naled with copper pvrilies ami
ponded in im-iKer !llKl moivj with some n,u ive ropper in tho
active development ' ^ '    ., ..,„,. ,,llsSl,.s I'mm „ hlaek horu-
^arlvalloi tli,iuM|K i^vo   ,i   l,|t.tid   rock   m.mi-   the   ledge to a
strike,of   north   '10   doings \V ; cpai-ly   iwsulli....   and   then
and   a   dip   X.   ;M degrees E , oi   normal    diorile.      On    the  |
are witioal    Th(*y traverse both
ly shattered formation boulders
otsolid ore were found upon the
surface and in an open cut a
bro-ciated ledge was developed
aud subsequently traced by
shafts. This occurrance of ore
is near ihe quart/.ito and diorile
contact which is trarked by Ihe
rocks giadually into silicious
•schist-' and slates forming a con-
the pack bridge i.s broken by a
succession of falls and rapids,
dropping .'500 feet in loss than a
From the bridge the, trail ascends the mountain by a series
of switchbacks: the difference in
elevation from the bridge to the
summit being .'{,000 feet. The
lower slope of the mountain is
composed of dark-gray quarl/,ite
and shales ol I he Canibrian age.
• I        , ,     ,     , ,,  "■ "■ ™ »'■   i mi \^a in rum n   age
sidoiabJM.oh;   'Im-chii the nal lire   Overlay ing these  are   the   dolo
and sit nation of the deposit it is
not likely (hat it may be an offshoot of some,considerable con.
tact deposi?. 'Phis tfiv carries
J?.4 in gold and silver, and good
values ju copper. =The main object of tin! developments has
been highly satisfactory in proving the ledges jo continue in
depth and values.   The hardness
■Elk Rjv-i'i  Canyon    N'fir Elko, 11.  C.
the   vems   so
ar ile "are confined to thediorite.
I wishes that we tru^t hjs venture
in Christmas numbers will   be  a
financial success to as  great   ex
a luerarv success.
Silver and lead are \er.v closely associated m the   Fort   Steele
'• district.
The general placer output oi
the Fort Steele disti icr will not
be as large a.s ijtrst reported
the strati tied and
cparsly   cvsi.illiiic
normal    diorile.      On.
Peter i\">t) feet of lininel
has bee'n
d h.iv(\been traced loi
eruptive rocks,   driven iIovm op'ng a stron<'-1
ol the rock makes any systemal ic
development! by hand I odious and
expensive, and  Mr.   C    Ilungor-
ford I'ollen, the  manager,   after
thoroughly      prospecting       the
claims on (he suiface and   securing  them   by   crown  grants has
decided to await the long   promised   transport   facilities   before
exploiting the ore bodies further
Other owners in the  same  state
of weary expectency   have  been
pluckily laboring year after year
notably Messrs Tracv and Hrad-
Lord, aboveotho  meadows  where
they have sfuglo ""handed pierced
an'd exploied a fine shoot of solid
sulphide ore carrying good average values in   copper  aud   gold'.
II. Dewar on tho-Mystery   has  a
Hue  showing  on   three  distinct
ledges of ore said to be from two
to eight feet wide with as   much
as     two    Jeet   of   solid , copper
s   in   one  place
,Fred   liazen.   AV.   Meachein,   .1.
Laidlaw. Tarrant and Angus are
also owners ol promising claims
in the vicinity!,    What has'been
said   of   one   applies severally,
that     in     spite   of    occasional
bunches   of   high   grade  ore to
rely   on. which is lo  court  disappointment,' the  merit   of  the
claims must lie  ii^ the  tonnage
that can be obtaine'd from 'Ihein.
Although   the   expectation   that
such .ores  could    bo   profitably
worked   has   for    a   long   time
seemed visionary.
The recent building of the
smelter at Luke creek twelve
miles away and the steady advancement of tho* railway, the
last link of'which from ' Mark-
creek to St. Mary's 'Lake has
been surveyed makes i,t certainly
no longer'extravagant,to anticipate considerable activity in this
part of the country very shortly
initio    limestones,   probably   belonging   io   Ihe    carboniferous.
These    limestones ' are   a    hard
compact   rock of  a   grayish-yellow cylor, and are cut by   several parallel altered igneous dykes,
composed largely   of   serpentine
varying in width from i»0 to 200
feet.     The.gonoral course of the
dykes is east and west, and   tho
dip is to Ihe south:   These dykes
are  associated   with   the  oecur-
rence'oi iron as they are heavily
impregnated   with 'the   mineral
and near their contact -with   thc
limestones tho beds 'or deposits
of hematite are found.     The ore
follows   in   a   general    way   the
course of the dykes.     These are
strong and well defined and their
course through, the country  can
be   determined   by   their 'color,
the contrast  being  marked   between the, dark-green   roclc and
the yellowish limestones.
The claims of the group covet'
tho--western slope of Fen wick
Mountain towards Bull river and ,
tho eastern slope towards iron t
creek, and number twenty-six
claims and fractions, in all about
li'UO acres.
Several thousand dollars were
expended in development work-
last summer, consisting of open O
cuts and short tunnels in thc
different ore bodies. These ex-
-tend for a distance of over two
miles in an east and west dircc-° tt
The ore i.s a Jiard red hcuia-
.tifeofo a blue 'color, pi some
places slightly schisto.se'in character, in others massive. The
grade is uniform-, in the percentage of sulphur and pliosphorus
contents, both being   below   the
lor   Bessemer ores.     The
iron values vary between ":">:?%
iron with ir>% silica, and (>«%
iron with 11% silica. >
Sufficient development has not
yet been done to estimate the
quantity of ore, however, an,enormous    surface    showing  Jias
Crow's    Nest    Lake.
The Scene of a Large Amount of
Development Work.—Large
Bodies of Copper Ore.
Copper   Belt    of
East    Kootenay.
About thirty miles up the  St.
Mary's river to the   "Forks'."  by
road  from  Fort Steele  is  that
portion of tho district known  as
..    . the --St. Marv's district".      The
the town is well known as one of J mountains, in this part of South
the   best   fishing   rivers   in   the  East   Kootenav   belong    to   the
world and lovers of tho rod   will   purceJI   ran„e>   and   }CQm
find the best of.sport if they visit  lofty elevation can be seen a far-
Elkoin July.   August and   Sep-, stretching  sea  of lofty,   sharp
tember. , .      .  •■ crested   summits,     with     deep,
The falls of EJk  river, at 'this  heavilv-wooded vallevs.  Geolo--
poinfr- will- in  time become very j ically these,mountains  comprise
well   stratified   quartzite. slates,
valuable, electric power can be
generated at these falls and distributed to the mines and- towns
in. the district, and Elko with its
wonderful water power should
in the '.near future be-one of the
manufacturing centers of British
Tho  country   round   Elko   i.s
capable   of   supplying   a/ large
number  of  settlers   with homes
and   before  long   thc   Elk-   and
Kootenay   valleys ' will • bo  supporting a"thriving population  of
farmers    with'   Plko   .as   their
market town.  Good ;wagon roads
have been built by 'flic  government .throughout'  the   outlying
country ,  'affording   ,   an     easy
shales, and silicious limestones
overlying,,schists and gneisses,
and broken through by areas of
eruptive...rqck, from.' which obtrusive sheets'lie as if inter-'
bedded with, the- sedimentary
rocks, ■ ""-    ■ '
,   These bedded rocks have-been
tilted up.to an angle of 20   to  -10
degrees, .forming  sharp-] join tod
ridges,   and   on   tho summit and
along, tho'   stoop ;sides   of   the'
mountains   are   located   a   largo
number   of   promising    mineral
locations, on which, a variety . of
ores have, boon disclosed,    (iold-
bearing-copper   ore   in, some of
tlie veins, .silver-lead   in. others,
siderable distance, and' development work has been sufficient to
demonstrate that the veins are
large and that t.he ores contain
good values.
On tho west fork- of the St
Mary's river two claims are held
under crown grants. On tho
east fork- and on Pyramid crcok
14 claims are held under crown
grant. On Matthew crook live
claims arc crown granted.
In this vicinity there arc over
300 mineral claims located, and
during thc past year over 200
certificates of work- have been
The  ores   might    roughly  be
said to lie in   vast  dykes   or  intrusive masses of  basic   igneous
rock  generally  diorite  that has
upheaved   and  broken   through
tho quart zito.    Tho trend of-this
belt;  is   roughly    northeast   to
southwest parallel in fact  with
the argillite gold belt of ' Perry
creek.    This is bordered on .the
v^est by the granite axis  of the
main  range   and   terminates to
the south with the limestones of
White Grouse Mountains.     Alki
and Pyramid  creeks  encircle  a
group of mountains probably the
most     prolilic     of     mineralized
ledges     of    any    place   in    the
country.     On   the , Blue   Peter j
group .and on   the  claims'of R.
Dewar, P. Hazeii and other own-'
streak- of ore in places several
feet wide was followed on the
hanging side. High grade copper, ore occurs  in  bunches,   and
Over Three Miles of Iron Located in This Vicinity—The •
Ore a High Grade
■   '    Hematite.
TKOX     OX,    D1BBU-;     AND      LOST
The Bull River iron mines arc
located on Feu wick Mountain
about eighteen miles from Fort
Fonwick   mountain  is  one of
been 'made of high grade ore.
The course and 'dip pf the de-
positso have been ^determined,
making it an easy matter to test
by drilling the existence of the
ore with depth.
The claims are easy of access.
The distance from Fort Steele
is eighteen miles" over a good
wagoii road. The distance from
J affray, on tho Crow's Nest railroad, nine miles. "The. depression at the foot of the mountains
and extending from J affray to
the pack- bridge forms an easy
route"for a railway.
An Extension to the Bull River Iron
On the eastern slope of Fen-
wick Mountain, and extending
from near,the summit, down the
mountain, crossing Tron creek,
are a group of twelve claims
known as the Hematite group.
Thc leads on thc surface are
strong and well defined. Throe
loads traverse the group, one
twenty, one thirty, the other
fifty foot in width. Tho ore is
similar in color and quality as
that found in what is known as
tho Bull river mine.    This
is an extension to tho hi
ers, the ledges, with a''strike-'of.
about west .If) north and a dip of
about GO degrees to the south
carrying   the   pyrilic   ores   and
sectional samples of the funnels
and cross-cuts give very variable
results. It is hard therefore -to
determine fairly upon the average value to be expected. On
the Wheel of fortune, in a grcat-
thc.main ciui.in of the Rocky
Mountains and forms part of the
eastern boundary of the Koote:
nay river valley.' Bull river em
circles the mountain on the
north and west slopes, and near
on the east.
Owing to the lateness of the
season no development work has
been done. Tho owners as soon
as the season will permit, intend
to thoroughly exploit the prop
Some two miles east and north
on Dibble creek are situated a
groupKtf claims located by N. A.
Wallingerarid others. '". The ore >
is. a hematite similar to that
found in the.big groups. There
are four or five Claims in this
Another group of claims lo- '
cated on the divide between
Dibble and Lost creeks is.known
as the Ironmonger group. The
deposit, is said to be fully twenty
feet in width; the ore is a hematite carrying some magnetic
iron. ..-A small.amount1 of development has been done on this
property. ''.  ■ '
•■ -.1
v ���■■+ STS  >W  THE  PftO-SPROTOR.   FORT STEELE, .R.  C,   DECEMBER 28,   1.001.  ��ltU fflKO&Vr&ctOv:*  SaATUKDA Y, DErK.MUEi: :iS,  lirtU  Al tj-Ein mir.  'Pile I'ioiicei' Nu\v.-.pii|loi' I'u1i1Mm-<I  in S011U1 K;i*t Kootonny.  Kstaiii.isiiki).  ISl)."i.  In jirescnliinj thi* idllion of Tin l'io<-  jicdor to mi r readmit, uin,l friend* llinwuli-  out Smith I��ii*l Kootenay ami the I'uir-  im->; it /��is been the dixirt, r>l Ihe vmnngc-  incut, to ]ilucf Ik fori thc jPiblir tin int-  vi?im i(winch <>J Ihe Fail Stifle Miuimj  DiMricl. and in *o dohgj the Iir.-I inli r<*ls  ofj/ie entiie dMrkl h'orebiai roii*iilend.  Jn eonipU'nnj thin 'number oj Tin J'iu.���  pcelur in hare h'ad to obtain ti**i*luncf  ���from nnr friend* in ull pari* of tin' di*-  liid, and proeiuei'. niid lonli ire tfnd'r  our niOfi *hin h lliaul*.  IIV det-ire to mil *pidaliatlii\tion to the  fart Hull.Jin ml-- ��*<d <��i pu(jr l'i. iepie-  scntini/ Jhe I'aradhi mine''. )Vinderut(n  [)i*iriel. tc.ie Uiidhj loaned to it* b]l tin  Hrilinh Columbia Mhiimj Ihiord. Victoria, li C 'Tin' Depaitnaut ol Jliiu*  al*o Lhidh/ fanned aj.in '>������>' of (nqrarimj"^  Our indt'blidiu** txtaidt, lo the Ft mir  Fire /',r.s.v " To tin ]>��� ('��� Hfiord. The  jlint* P'partiurnl. and lathe /i'rie /V.vi.  ice in*l> lo i.rjiif.o oar iuo*L s</Wi< thank*  jov tin' eomlf*!/ i-iliiidid- "    (liau, Jb.d.  know what the operations of tl e drifting   has   been   in   operation ' ed   tliitt   Ihe   ledges   traversing  St. Rugene and North Star minrs'for th<- past throe months.     The ! the claims are  strong  and   well  meant tons so Jong as the ownei.s Thompson out hi have  displayed i defined,   and   are  of a   uniform  found   it  to   their  advantage lo'a    lari'O   amount    of   push   and ' width.  ship   ore..    What   '-hull   we do to  rmergv in icaching pay dirt.      A       Wo understand that   it   is   the  induce capipil to take hold of our   huge   waiei  wl eel   is   in   opi-m   ' inp.n| ion of 1 he company  lo pul | 55  yet    undeveloped    but , valuable   tion   ruiinin<j   a    \u\ue   ]iuinpiiig   j,,   ;[   f>fJ|1J     (lW)].   ,-,].,���(.    n]^0   ;,  resourcesy    This is    .1    o iie.stion ' plant   and   imi-.'ei!1    in.ichinei v. ...  11 ,.   ,, milling   lilant   ol   forty   or  fifty  which    affects   us  all,    ivlio  will   Xe\eril   hundred   l��et   of   lluiii"1  ... ^    i        i ..i.i.i      sLiinps.      Tins  is a move in the  give us a slatesinnnlike answer.-'    has   been   const nii-te I.   ,iu<l   the '          - pl.-oit is now  in  e\cellenl   condi-   riglil direct ion    The com pressor  A paclfage ol   filly, f'ln islmas   (j()ll (-,,,. ,iW1| \.: ,|u, ],,,_, ||,(. w'h.'er.   plant   will   cheapen   the  cost  of  and   New   Veai-s, visit in" r.vid-,   ,T   .      ,.    ri1 ,       , ,    . rn,  ���ii i e    i       i       ���   ,    i   i       ]Iv("a'jliO  I-*lPn*���-. ��� 'lev-- onuien   am   stoinng. he  Will b<' supplied ami   pimterl    lor   X'J l *"l IU / ;   " '     ���  i^l lit Tin;  l'i:(isi'i.("i''U; oll'Cc. A   , Wisconsm    coinpany    will   mill w hen erected should pay all  miimimimmtiimmmimimiiiiiLiimiiiifd  &iQ��  Perry    Creek    ��o��d    Mines,    Ltd.  Awmnrr <si^,ia��.w;��"iie�������'i��wwiii*T3S��nsK ?��.vrrwr  Prospector, Sir!  ���-.itl  m  The   Kesources    'of   South   East  Kootenay.  Do we realize how great' these  are?    We are proud of  thc  progress made in their development  but do wo   recognize   that-we  have not exploited one per cent  of   thc   area   of    the   district?  Think of thc extent of its mineral wealth in thc shape of coal, of  gold,   of   silver,   of    the   baser  metals and of oil which has been  ��� proved lo exist in the few square  acres which have been developed  and inquire what there may bo in  the   thousand   of   square    miles  which have not hail a dollar of expenditure.    Think or   the   hundred   of  square   miles of limber  awaiting the axo and   remember  that of the sixteen sawmills now  in operation  only  one  is\ising  logs cut more  than  throe  miles  from thc railway.    Think of tho  large^i'-Gyj.oi" arable land and remember that wc are importing  grain and   vegetables from the  North   West Territories and the  Okanagan    country.    Think   of  the   magnificent   water   powers  on fifty streams and remember  that not   one has  been put to  work. ���'.���������.  In other columns you will read  of what has been done in developing the coal, the lode.;and  v plac'er mines';' These entitle us  to a respectable position among  the mining districts of the province, although all these iudus-  .tries with the exception of mining are.in their infancy. We see  what the development of a very  small fraction of the coal areas  has   done   for the district. , We  on   iviry  l.irgo.'by-  Thp Emerald is another prom- co-nmenr-e operations  ising properly that adjoins .the I creek bv putting in a  Dibble.,     '   v *���' ! draulio plant early in the 'coming  <- ' f's'pring.      A   .sawmill   will  bo in-  The Big Three is al.so sjtuafd , >ta||WL   /]umoo constructed   and  in the main ramie1'of tlie Rockie.s  work comineii."-ed as soon as  the  and   has    boon    developed     byis  several hundred feel of   tunnels. ',  If i.s situated about eight' miles |  from Steele. I  i the great .sireni'tn  and   perman-  The  coal   mining  industry oi- ence ol^the big ipuirtz lodges ion  the district still continues to   in-'Perry creek, taken in considera-  5(>ason will permit.  Quartz Ledges.  The mode  of  occurrence  and  crease in importance.  tion with the fact that  free gold  costs1 of production and leave a  margin for dividends.  Badger and Red Mountain.  <>This group of mines has , been  systemal ically developed. Work  up to date consists of 240 feet of  tunnels, l^o feet ol shafts 'and  10 feet of open cuts.  A Big Group.  Tlie New York Jewelry Shop,  London Treasury Box and  Shakespeare have a groat show  ing of mineral.  The ledges arc  ���*'$#*&$!&.  Sand    Creek.  GOLDEN  PERRY CREEK.  Rich    Placer    Mines.���Large  and Promising Gold Quartz  Ledges.  Perry creek has been the scene  of a large--amount'.of development, both in placer and  quartz  mining.  Placer Mining. ���'���'.���'���  The Thompson placer mining  outfit have sunk- a shaft 78 feet  through gravel   to bedrock  and  occurs in all of them makes this  creek well worthy of the attention ol' strong prospecting companies. The development of the  various claims is showing the  great value contained in the  ledges.      '',.'���  Kootenay Perry Creek Gold Mines.  The most extensive development in this section has been  done by the Perry Creek Gold  Mining Company of England.  Development done up to date  consists of about 2400 feet of  tunnels and 4300 feet of . surface  work.     It has been demonstrat-  true fissures- and run in a  straight lino for some distance.  Perry Queen.      t   <  This group of mines consisting of six claims is situated on  tho divide between Perry and  Hell Roaring creeks. Develop  ment \vork_consists of open cuts  and shafts,"in all over 125 feet.  The ledge is from ten to forty  feet wide.  A rich strike -of gold quartz  was reported from the Pollow-  Mc claims. This is but another  indication of tho immense areas  of gold-bearing quartz situated  ou Perry creek.  A large number of holders of  claims on Perry creek have performed their annual assessment  work and recorded thc same.  Joe Walsh has done a considerable amount of work on the  Liiftlc Mag group of claims.  Nino Time-. Out of Tun Pain-Killer  will be lotiiul to fill your needs as a  household remedy. Used a& a liniment,  for htillne.s.s and taken internally for all  bowel complaints. Avoid substitutes.  2.jc. and .">0e.  Send The  your friends  present.  Prospector   to  as    a   Christinas  A Kuildei'-Aro Yon "Losing Wci��ht'J  ������The I). >S: L." Kmulsion will always  help and build you up. Restores proper digestion and brings hack lionl1.li.  Miwiuluetuivil by the . D;o Ls &  .Lawroncc.Co.. Ltd.  The Fort Steele Flour and  Feed Store have just received ~;a  car of wheat, bran, shorts, chops  oats, etc. ��� Prices are trending  towards a sharp advance, therefore now is the time to buy a  winters supply:, *      j:  Local Opinion is strong- in favor of  .I'yny-f.-ial.sam. It cures coughs arid  (folds with absolute certainty. Pleasant  to take and sure to euro." Manufactured by the proprietors of Perry  Davis' Pain-Killer.  &  ���mm  I"TU  To do this you will only   g  ��   have to buy a lot in  WHILE  The Smelter City  >  of East Kootenay.  ^ Property will advance rapidly in thc early'sprintf.,. .ST  3 Foundations are all in  for smelter buildings,   two s~  ^ sawmills fire running,   and  business is good, write ��2  ~5 for particulars to                                 .   , j���  3        SIMPSON   &  HUTCHISON        B  ��������� Sole .Agents , Sz:  ^ Offices ��� ]\'I.\i-tvsv/i.i.K and Ck.vvHooK. ��=J  ^tmwwnmmmmmmmminmmmmmmmmmmm^!  Columbia Hotel  ELK03 B.  C.  Large comfortable rooms, and first class dining room.  Sample room for commercial men.  RATES $2 PER DAY.  McMAHON BROS,   Prop,  ELK HOTEL  ELKO, B.  C.  The Pioneer. Hotel, Erecieij In 1S97.  Bed-rooms are well furnished and heated��with hot air.  Bar stocked with best brands of wines, liquors and cigars  First-clciss    Dining    Room.  GEORGE   HOGGARTH,   PROP.  New Goods  We are receiving new goods  almost daily.   CALL AND SEE US,  H. KERSHAW  General Merchant.  Fort    Steele,    B.   C.  E./? J.  Wholesale  Liquor  Dealer  Cranbrook,  B. C.  PELTIER.  When in tho.inarketi'o.r;.Liqiiors,  Wines. Ciirurs and Schi.lt/-Boer  ..Dont/go- but of Kootenay.'for'���  you ciin do better at; home  by  ;-   consulting-  the big- wholesaler  at Cu-vnbuoOic.  ! E. J. PELTIER. THE PROSPECTOR. FORT STEELE, B. C,  DECEMBER -2fi,: 1901.  . ESTABLISHED,   1895. '  ,   7i. B. Graces  PUBLISHER    AND    .EDITOR.  THE9 PROSPECTOR,    is    published  every   Saturday;  and  has  a guaranteed  'circulation larger than any other paper  in Kast 'Kootenay. It is. all home Printed  i.- and  contains  double  thc  news   of   any  other'paper in,the district.  As  an  advertising  rncdii:.n   it   is un  .excelled.;. ' ":    :'       ''  Devoted to the upbuilding of Fort Steele; the  development of the vast mineral resources of  the East If ooteuuy mining district.  Subscriptions. ..'...'.''..'.;.���..���;..-.*2.<Xl' per yeur  Advertising, rates' made known on application.  Contributions are solicited from Hllpiirts of tliec  district, but all matter intended for publication  ' must have the writer's signature. ,-U,_  THIQ P A PPR Is kept on tile at theadver-  II1IO IHrtn .tisinsagency nf Alaxuiidcr  Sl.C'1., Suite' F.. First National Bank liuildlnK,  Spokane. Wash., where contracts can be made  for it.' ������'��� ,     .',/��� ���   ��� /'< .- ���'���  TWio Ponap is kept on tile at E. C.  ;���. IIII.O .rdUBI DAICE'S Advertising  ,'Acencv.. 64 and 05 Merchants Exchange?'San  .Francisco. California, where contracts for advertising can be made for it '<���:.  ���xr���  .South  Thie    Pa nop- Is kept oh tile at "t  ��� III O -rapcl.  Kim .SCO.   Newsr,  '^'7-'-'9'  V.Mct  spa per  -Ad-  vetising   Agency.   Montreal,'--..where contracts  for advertising can be made for It.       :."-',���',  ��� Is on' sale ut,. J. ,. \\".  Graham &������'Cos   book'  This Pa ">er  store; Spokane.. Wash.  phe ^rxt0^r^ctor  SATURDA,YrDKCICM,BEH2S, 1SKH.  ;"/:No -Enemies; to Punish-  Special Friends.to Sfir.ye. ."��� .:.-;  -,No  ^0   our; readers   today;' we  ^..w'ish'amerry- 'Chris tin as.,'  �� Theue; are many,: reasons, too,  'WhV'thev should be merrv. -Tlfe-  - 'people'������ of; .South East. Kootenay  .'���-..':ra-re'"a: prQspe;rous;.people;,:-a'hd-/t:he���  ���/hope -of., the : future" is --.,. almost  in 'ithe district of South East  Kootenay; and in , 1 lie town of  Fort Steele,we perceive^he most  signal marks of the progress of  the Fort Steele mining district  of South East Kootenay,.���'.' .  -.,: .   V-     ���  '���'*'    -x- '" * ���    ���       .', '.  And   in   the   constellation  of  provinces, that form'.-;; the, Domin -  ion of Canada, are we  not  justified   in   saying   that   our    own  Province of British" Columbia  is  now that oriwhichis fixed   most  aTtte'nfively the attention  of   the  whole, of  the; others.     We are  coining to be looked upon   as; in  natural'', resources-   the   richest.  It   is  here; that   the   brain, arid,  musqlh of old Canada are looking  for employment.    It is here that  the    enterprising  'capitalist   is  seeking < play;, for  his- activ.itie,s.  As a' fact British Columbia.-'.today.  is  attracting' the  attention   not  only of Canada but of the world.  ;And ih,:this Province-, it' is';, not  South, ;'.Elast���   Kootenay      that  is looked upon.to show tlie.'great-  estdeveldp^rient'iuthe immediate.  future.   .A'.fresh flood of life.vvill.  be   let  in  by the,,build,itig.o.fethe  north/and south -railway-, -,. and .it  needs" h6 '��� prophe'tte-;;yisi on,' ���'. but  only:;a  Reasoning  of "conditions  tliitt? arise from, known cause's., to  perceive through' tlie inindi's eye-  .the���tumult'.ipf;;'business: activity  that  South':.Eastvkootenay^.will.  shor'tiy,;b'fc^  thin <r is read v ami.wait in ir.   /  has been tbo'rri'u'ghly investigated  ��� Advertising pays: it is that  which has, caused thousands to  go to the Klondike aiidr Gape  Nome. ;,. Advertising built Up  Nelson and Rossland, and the  people ��� of 'tliosfe towns, were  never backward in telling tlie  world what; they had to offer. 'If  the people *of the '���Fort ��� Steele  district persist in trusting to  luck, and doing absolutely nothing to bring: capital into- the  country, other districts, less;  'favorably situated will take advantage of the -situation and out -  ���strip in the race for supremacy.  iNow is the ti'nVe a��d the chance,  should not be allowed to go-by;:  '.'���''.-;;'rt-..JEAS.T.-;-KQOTEN'AYv: ���''.���-.'.���.'������  Has Other Resources Than Mining  . , Ea,st ''"Kootenay' has ;other re  sources than ,that of tn.iniiig. Tri,  the, Kootenay valley froiu'-; the  International Boundary ;t<;>'.Gold -  'bn lies as filie a tract of farming  Hind as can be found iii British  Columbia. "Enough, iii faetj if  properly cultivated.'to supply a  large population^ But few min:  ingi sections''are'.'so !,wellrfa\'ored  that the camps, caiv: be .supplied  ���with/home grown ��� products^' The  necessity ^df';- sending; away;, for  cereals';: tubers'.etc:': is,;doiie,:away  With. '^'There are / inany- '' f arius  tin'tei- high -'cultivation'.- iiud. their.'1  ���. :,&���  -   --���,"--���:        '-������������ ���':  .10. -    ���.,���-.'������,���:.   '-   , ,:���-..  ���������;.':���: ���-.'���.:���  Blairmore Coal Areas  ' ByH. V. (������'o'IkiU; '������',  The' Blairmore Coal basin lies  on the eastern side of the Crow's  Nest gap, in the territory of.  Alberta at an average elevation  of 3850 ffiet above sea level. The  middle fork of this Old Man river  rims east through the centre of  this basin. ,-.'���, Along the valley of  the Old Man" river the Crow's  Nest' lino of : the ClP.Ry. is located.;.;- "' -.:���-' ���.;"'���:'���';���.������"','������':':  Thisiqal lield is .divided into  two basins; Ijet'ween the range of  hills ���lying' oii the eastern horizon  known as'the Eivingsloue Range  and the Cirow's: Nest Mountains  which form' the" western horizon,  by a i;i d go ,0 f c a'rbo h ife rou s  lime ruiitiiiig north; arid :south.  The coal measures occur in the  basins, 'butween these, horizons,  that over lie flie, mountain ��� lime-,  stories; ��� which ,diji ���.���below-'; them  ���and ' are ,i,u contact with 'arid  superimposed, by Sandstones arid  the regular argillaceous coal  shales.  .There, is a belt of con-  Limitless:"; /All .the  phrases.;; of,;! '.'��� ;.y���;������.";'.';.-';���" ^//./^".'.���ji:-;;   ��y ';;���'���;. ':''���'  "Christmasvfes^yify ;"WiU /be/ex-ry  emplitied.in'; ;this''out-Of-th^e-way LFort Steele^'" TJiisiyb'un'geity is !  ';British.zColumbia:.mm^  ';/;/'���;.;//.-1 ���'/*/0;*.; ���������;*"������'"':"     .-���:���-.'���' "'[iug "suu'-of ;our :;prospei-ity';,lms  '���:���;-The-;;;'christi.an,��� 'VcotnfnunUies'jonlv Jaegliii./io fiut the"sky 'wi'th'j'  glbiiverate ruiirii'ng, through the  con 11 try : cOiifor'inabIy with :' the  formation of eacli'-cdalzoiiei this  caiijbe traced' for iiiahy Iniles as  a. very-bold outcrop and as;a cap  to fhecpal zones;/ ^h^. v :;./-/ I:;/-  ���'/The - generaf Cstrike',;of "/-th,e;  seanis of.'fi'piil, is: nearly north and  south with a \;ery  regular dip to  : Imi t s can be'; ex tended:^ /��� "Water !'-tl'iu>-we^ be  f;fo;rli-ngatiiig;pi4-pOsfe/-is^^^  ;',,".;wMch'������''���'.k'eep; Clfristmas /would  r^f probably/'agree ,_.in;/laying:'-mp^-e  : '/ stress���6h, keeping a'-d.a'ylih":"nieiiii  ;; ory /bf/ the./ Nativity,:   thati:; on-  'V successi in selection of the actual  ./ and.precise'day of the;event/   ��� ���  ..//-/i.;'... o/; .././--." '��'<> &;, ' *.      .'..c:.~7:, .'.-V',*.:-,.:..  ; -v ; In ;alf;civilized 'countries; the,  ���! :;'��iiiuital: recurrence :Of Christmas1'  y*lias:been ce;lebrated by fesfivities  ���'^.:of-''yaripus:l��n.as.;::'/  ^.-���ever.\ :MsO:yit:./":iriore;>//.joyfully-  ;,: ^velcpmed: tlm;n tnlhe; .DomniiOii  ;;::/:of/;;Canad^y,';/TJie;  ;;; ehui^hes^^are';"/ deekedyy/with  ;-y',;inlsfle.tic)e, ..tp^whjtini  /Sacred ness, It as attach ed since the  /' ;days;6f'tlie::Drulds^, !T ^?"-;   ���; / '.; ;  /'���/-' I;/;���:';-.':,.',f,;':;, ;':'" *,r /*;^''-'-K,>-'-' /������ '���; .',-..."-    ."2  >;;Mbst of our Christmas fjustoms  -���\./.(ibtne.' from the 'Germans:      Kris'  " 'Kringie;v;is;^a. legendary ��� ,m^th  ''; wl'iose origin is'.iiivolyed in much'  '.-doubt.':-    Formerly in. ..the; small.  .;/ villiages of .Geruiany   tiic'vpres-  ; /'ents3ma,de ;:by 'all   the- parents  /��� yvei-e sent,to, otie person; w-h'b In  'high/buskins,   a  white  robe,   a  ma's_k and. an eiKjr'mous'ilax  wig.  and. known  as  Knecht  Rupert,  WiiAvent from hotise to   house.      He  Ava's received by the parents ,\vith  ..great-reverence.'-and. calling  for  -Ihe-.children, presented the (gifts  according   to   the   accounts', of  conduct'    'received    from ���   their  'parents.     It appears   as; highly  'probable lliat. this custom   gave  rise to our present irnmemorable  legends about Santa Claus.  - ' New ���Year's; Day. : .The. first  day of January, as marking the  beginning of the year,   was^ ob-  , served as a public holiday in  Rome from at least "theytime of  the 'Julian   reformation,  of   the  ��� calendar.'';. AVhen about tlie fifth  .'   century,, the  :25th   of   December  had. gradually   become   a   fixed  festival   commemorative   to   the  . Nativity, the.1st of  January , ul-  'timately also assumed a specially  sacred character as the octave of  Christmas Day:        : ,-  The Prospector cvtctufs  a Merry Christnius aivrl  a. Happy J\reir Year lo all.  its soldeii: .hue.-and ./therein are,!  ���IIcp, eiivtous streaks that mar.^;.the  prospects':/of - a" glorfbusv^day.:  Therefore, ���complacently'lb .,;.our:  sister.;towus and to all our : read-  ers-je very where: we wish; heartily  most;heartily;/ ,;:/-y.-::.:,-.. :2'j-..22.-^2\\  o / ��� A:: HAPPV NEW' YK'iAitl. >���':/''/';:  ^:';:Fort;St^ele.fMining;I^isip^;.-y'(  ��� The following are/the ;bound-  aries'fbf; tbe Fort Steele;:mining  division of/South,>East Kootenay  ���<?��� Starti,ug;a-t aepbint- ou:; t,he In'-;  lei:ua.ti6n'al'Boundary^^wheresuch  bouiidary ;���';' joinsyy ;the;'';; easterm  boundary of tlie Provincb;'thence  west'-': along'1, the; -��� international  boundary to a/point whereVsuch  boundary cut's the heightof land  separatiiig the drainage of lheo  ���Movie and;' yUpper-.yKootenay  river on theeast 'f rbrii/' drainage  area of,.Goat river and Kootenay^  Lake"oil the \vest, toh a point  where such divide joins the  .height of. land separating the  drainage area of the St. :SMary,:.s  and Skpbkuni Chuck, rive rs"bn,  the south-from drainage area of  Find lay creek . on' the north:  thence easterly along such  height; 'of ���.-.land formingydiyide  separating drainage area, of  streams flowing luto' Kootenay  river about the mouth of Find-  lay creek from the drainage area  of.streams flowing into Kootenay  river 'below mouth of Findlay  creek to a point where such  height of land joins the eastern  boundary to point of',commencement. ��� .    ���"���'  The, total t area of the, Fort  Steele district is about 7,000  square miles.   '   ���   '' : \; . ;  :    J.11  world, we believe, has national  progress been so marked, during  the year just; ended as, in' the Dominion of ' Canada: in no I'i'ov-  luce in the Dominion have  lengthy strides, forward been  made as in the Province of British Columbia. In no district 'of  British Columbia'has there been  mure genuine development' than  The Golden Opportunity;  , A well known mining man remarked a few days ago that it  would take at least, two years  before the mineral resources of  the,Fort Steele district would become familiar to the mine invest-,  or. At that time we thought he,  was overstating the case. Since  then our views are modified, and  the conclusion is reached ..that in  the main he was correct, for at  the- present   rate   of. progress,  Kootenay.!-..,:a,nd ��there,-"snfticient  'wheat-:is "raised,,,tp: ;supply two  mills at Kalispel'.';'and Ihe flour  prOd;uced:lhrthes;e uiills ; is, 'more  Ihau'^sufiicieni to;'/supply- ���/the"  home demand,   and  as  a result  --'-       ���-- ' .-���-���' '-    ���   .       ���'���    ',':f-   /   '     i   ���  Kalispel flOtirymaty; /be-fbund in  alt parts of Montana: and" Idaho,  and ;:,eye,n- In" British, Columbiay  With iiicr,eased;pbptilatipn mills  will 1 be built ,in: tlieKobtenay  val ley;: and ������ the ;rKoo,teiiay,;;brand;  o-f'flour ;will: be: ;as well {known as  Gaigaryj ,Winnipeg^; or- that-<��� of;  any other sectionl//y/;,:i:yy,;;:' :^}'i'-i  ^";;yPpen'-':W^  ;.-';';/;Fi'bbfi;::: what/ [can -; "be/ learned"  tli br e 1s"lio t ;soj;m^uch; sno wMrythe;  mountains' as ��'is usuaiy aty this  season of ,the year, ttnd it is pre;  dieted thai the mining season of:  1902 will commence mucheailier  than; that,pf 190.1,. . If thfs is so  we may look'for great progress  being made in"the, mineral devel5  opmeht of the mines' in the.Fort  Steele district: . ''      '������ -'/''     .- ///  witliout adequate meansof Ir'ans  no- single country in the portationyif will lake even longer tlianlhaW for the reason that,  no organized,effort has ever been  made to advertise -ihe country  and its mineral 'resources,..'   .The  uch | advertising of a. country so rich  in-mineral is well worth trying,  it means more-to Fort. Steele and  each individual resident of Ihe  town, and ��� district also, f liau  would   appear, until   the.  matter  ���!da'niy-!?rcmr^^^  flie;:cb^idilipnl';uy  va'lley.'aie'slm.flar'to'llidse.lii^  these;��� seams;:;;;is; shiile;~.ahd'^;fliei  foot'"waif or  flooi-. seems to be,  *.,-���������' : - ��� --���- /'-- ..../ ,-." -;������-:.-  .'���'-,  -���: ������-    ��� '- ���-'-  generally; sandstone.' There  are, apparently,,";ninev'L distinct  seams 'in this fieldyranging in  thickness from l;to40 feet? -.':'r.T  > The ' coal, ^bntai hed- in llrese  seams is; of an excellerit st'eaiiij  nig quality'.'and .several of the;  seams produce a.coking coal of a  very, t superior /kindvy'/ Many,  analyses have, shown some' of the  seams to cbiitain a coal that will  ,make^80%.,cqke.',''{'ls'./l.'';'^^  /: -VThis ;' cbke/��� ;'*:i&;/of���.,'-yeryy'fiiiet  texture^"ah'ciy cellular /structure'  and when burned;as 72'lioui^ eoke-  is equal hv,every rrespect to/��� thev  standard -cokes', ;bf';'Pe ii nsy ly ania  and ������',- West , Virginjia, - both -in'  strength and per: cent of -ash: ���"���'  ,The seams iif these .zones eaii;  be traced for matiiy-miles, 'north  andi.soufih.of tlie:Olid Man fiver,,  without,a break,; the seams passing u'b and down the/.mountain s-  .-..,-    ���     ���    ������;....       .    -���.���''       ���'.���   ������'�� / ��� -.'  ���with-"'a true course and without  any Indications of disturbance In  the.strata.  /.-������:-.������ ..���-���' ,-..���. :; ���'���'���''���������''���,������.���.���  That- this will 'become " a  wonderfully productive coaf lie-Id  .there can be no doubt, when ,in-  creased. facilities ..for .������transportation and competi five rates can  be obtained. ,.",, At the present  time all owners of property','.are  dependent upon the. C. P.,Ky.,  but as soon as a connection is  made with any of the railroads  south,of the boundary, thei-b will  be a steady increasing; market,  for both coal and coke in Great  Falls, Helena, Butte and Ana;  conda. ���' Aside from this , the  facilities for cheap and extensive  development, in this field cannot  be bettered. Levels can be  driven .entirely on the ditl'erent  coal seams. . Railroad spurs' to  the different; properties can be  constructed at low cost and easy  grade. There is plenty of timber  for' all mining purposes .and. an  abundance of water should it  ever become necessary to build  coal washers in this field. The  interests of South Western  Alberta and South East Kootenay are very closely allied and  become identical. The combination of the vast .coal fields in  Alberta with the silver-lead and  copper ores, the large iron deposits, the deposits of petroleum  and asphaltum and the water-���  powers and lumbering possibilities of South East. Kootenay,  will go far towards building up,  in..the future, one of'the largest  industrial centres of the west.   ,  Notice to, Delinquent Co owners.  , ' To Walt \Vado. <n- to a'uy person or persons  to, whom be may have ''transferred', his'. Interest  in the "Koy".���AMnloix-".- -Standard" and  ,"0 IC" mineral claims, (or any of them,) situate on JL'erry creek in the Fort Steele Mining  Division.of Kast Kootenay and recorded in the  Mining Recorder's^ plllce :it I'Virt Su:ele. II. 0. (  You are hereby iiotilied that I havs ex-  pended Mince'October IHtli. IrfW, foiir hundred  dollars in labor and''improvements upon the  above mentioned mineral claims under the provisions of the Mineral Act, And if within  ninety "days from' the date of ihis notice you  fail, or refuse to contribute your portion of  such expenditure U'Keilier with ail costs of advertising, your interest in sa|d cliiimii will be-  coine iny proiK.-rly under Section ''?" of.uh Act  entitled --AniAct to'Amend  tlie Mineral  Act,  itmo;.-:'',;'      .,';��� .'..:: '.., . %/,    '; .���,,  ������'���  Dated at KortSlei>le,. AuKUSf^ih, 11101.  :V'.- / ��� y ''',���'"-,',��� lajsT'/niKis.;   ���  �����  Notice to Delinquent Co-owners..  ::'":'c- -y'-'. ���'�����" -^^-r-.--'/ '/,.,/ /."''"'"'  To Steiilicn -.YOjiiui?,- or to any!person or  persons to whoip/hi! or they may; have transferred his iiiterest lit tlie -:-rriispect0i "s Urea-m"  niliieral claim.,situate at Weaver creeU.lii' the  Port Stijele iiiiuliii�� division of Kast Koot'eiuiy  imilarecorded In the ,Keco*rder-.s olllce at l^bt-t1  .Steele.-'-' '������'-,",,���-. -.,;,.-,     ���' : '���'''���,-,' _.-:'.'' '". '  ' Von aiid .eiieli o! you are hereby notified,  that 1 have expended since August Ifith, IHIir.  four hundred; dollars in0l:ibor and improve  inents upon the iibove mentioned mineral claim)  uiider the provisions 6< the Miuu'rHl Act. And  if. vWthln ninety days- from, the date of tills  uotlco you fall, or refuse to contribute your  portion of such expoiuliture together with all  costs of advertising,' yowr interest In said claim  will become ihe, properly of the subscriber  under Section -l of an Act entitled '-An Act to  Amend l.he'Mineral Acli: 1SKKI". '���''-''. - J:,,-( -1'  Said.portion of expeiwliture to bejpaid to  subscriber at t'ort Steele. ,,    ..    .,'-,,;     ',.  :',./;'-.'   %\ ���;';, ���/.i-.s.^arickr:': ''.- .;/;  .Dated   at   Fort "Steele, ;tlils ���< li'th  day, of  AuKust/vifloi..' ,     yr/yy���;./';:���,. ���;',?. ���,��- ....  Notice-to Delinquent Co-owners.    r'  GEARY   & DOYLE.  Liveru, Feed & Sale Stable.  ..- : '���. ., Fort,Steele I5.C    .  ; ��� Q  'Kegiilar.- Daily  Stage ineetd all  trains ut Fort Steele Junction.  .-"������;   SADDLE & 'PACk-'^QI'tSES ���  I KA.MING OTA I.I.   IC^_OS A .SI>KCIAI-TV  - ^y.���^ _ , .'���: ,  ���'     -./,--.-    ��;     --,-  ,;:' ;.'/.-fl-v? -'/":"'  East Kootenay  Bottliiig Co.  Transportation. .'  This district i's,rapidly torging  aliead and gives promise of :be-  coining one ol tli�� largest,pro-  ducers of mineral in the.province  The.indications are^that a large  amount of capital wrillbe,invested; in the Fort Steele district  during the coining year,' with."  transportation facilities for the  east side of the valley, a large  amount of ore will be shipped.  Numerous companies during the  past, year .have thorough ly exploited their mines, and,, have  considerable shipping ore on the  dump, all pf which0 bespeaks a  prosperous season for the com  ing year. Increased; triaisp6rta:  tion is needed in many.'.'portions,  of the district. '"..  Windermere district has promising mines and shipping ore  which has to be handled many  times before it reaches its destination. Sand creek and Bull  river mines have considerable  shipping ore on the dump.. Machinery is needed for Wild Horse  and.' the Estella mine on,Tracy  creek can become a .shipper inside of thirty days. It is, plain  to be seen that increased 'transportation is needed all' over, the  district.  Mail ii copy of Tim-; Pitosi'Ko  tok. to your friends and let them  know all about tile mineral resources <>f the district.  Next year in the Fort Steele disv  ���tr.i'ct tlie country will be over-run  by'.fortune hunters-. ' That good  .luck will attend, theni is .certain,  for this district has nf large mineral urea that has not been pros-  l.iected.  Ti>. Geoi o'e'- Fisk, Kobc-i-t."Reid, ,Abner  '������'���! . ���  ;,'���=-;i5tiin-'-tLiict I'eteir Lutiier.' ���.'���,';. '.���'���'',;  '.-' Or ip'siny person or persons to whom, be. or.  they-may ..have , trii nsrerred�� bis or their in-  tepests'inahe -''Kitij.' Soloihoii'-- iiiliierul elaim.  siuiiitu atv,r.ewis.ci-i!eK"oil 'U'ruey Mountain in  the Fori, Steele mining division of Kast ICooie-  uay and recordi-d in ilio Itecorder's :ol'flce at  F'yi:ii'Steele; Ii. C.-V"; ,;Z[iy "ciS^vrni'"-, "ir-'X.-  .. Vottandeaeh of you are lierebyiiotilled that  I liaVe oxpeiideii since.: August' llth. lSi)|), two  liuiidrpd :ilollars iiiolaboi-:'mid 'impi-ovcinonts  uppnthe. above me'iitlpii'ed luinehil elaiiu under  the proyisioii^of the iMinerai.Act. -'A'tiil if with,  in ninety days'from the date of.thls notice you.  fail., or refusi) to eoiitributu your portion of  such e.Yix.;nd i in re tOKctheiMviiih. all costs, of iid���  vertlsiiu,'. youriinerest iii-saidi c-laim will, become.- ilFe ^property : of.: the subscriber.. under  Section 4 of an Act entitled;--A.nV Act to Arnend  'iihe''Mlrier��),'Al!,t;'.lI)6oi;'. ���.'./ :'':.:-'���:-:-y'\.-,-.   ,j./ ,:,"  " .'': ��� ."-. .'/CHAIJI.KS.IJIK-LIKHUIJGV '  ��� -1'Date'diat I'ort Steclo'this loth;day of AiiKust,;  "i'itou- - - ��� ./���'��� ":' '-'���'.   :-'/1/ ././. -���'./' '.-' /��>-45,./ ������"-,  y ���'>-',;";v'   Of all kinds:;..'';';,;//' ,���,-.''  iSyrups,; ,Charnpagiie.s, Ciders,:  0   Ginger Ales;;Etc.   ,  // So��la' water in;, siphons.     The/most  economical-'way. to hantMe ',:iti' " " / ','���.'  ADVERTISE.  y,���-..";,':,/��� quakantini-:  siiitvrie;K:/;i ; ���.-,,./;  .'���:. t'he'-Dominion Governments is now ."maiii-  Biiiiiuii'a quarantine service to-prevent the in-  troduetibti/of small-pox f ronn strath '������' of the  .lioundiuiy at Tobacco Plains..'   /-./,'./    /: /.  .iv The', iiuarantine.yjuards-   there';; are/.M.  i?HirJriipes/.and'':;K.;;iV;;yEii;T^  peEs'qnsfaesi'ri'njf to cross.".iii'to; eitnaeiian/ terri-  torymust, report to, them: j^iwing.--': satisfactory,  evidence of "recent ;su'ceossfui!=wcelri;iii6ii.:::of:'  ;ptherw4Heyirinst"'siibmit:'"to";'b'e-:'T5iVcin!Ucd--'on-  crossing../:, ���:'..': '-:cy':''-   /''./''.���.:/"'":  ., A heavy line ���may;.; be- nrxposeu.; ,qn,;;;ahy  persons-ne-t-'lectinf.' or defying;quai-.iiltirie resju-,  liiutonsv.' ;. ������!'������' .,.'....������.-:���,'���'; '.,;���''   ' .;,-.���''(.::'������������.,        :''-  ;:'/.'' ���   ; -.<���'��� /: nq'bH wA'rai^M.'D./;;/.,;::;.  "���!-.' 34- 'bominion Quarantine Oilicer. '  HiinimmiiHWHHiiumiuvtii  j      J. TAENHAUiSER  '; WATCI-I.M A KER Vllld -.' ".IKWK|. 12It  i; ���'y' ���������������'."'' v-KiiBriiviit's: ���'������-''. ,>������-. ���������.:','0  I 'Kivei'sidc; Avenue. ', ��� ''.[.;/ '��� .';��� ���  ['y;,.'.;;/-=���,..'���' Fort 'St<jele,..iif.;C^  .^.;i;  .-���"���;���  ;:; :'' NOTICE.,.; ���;   ;.';.��� ���;*���-  Xoi''K;K IS IlERKUy.' wnVEN: that sixty  days from the date hereof:Lmtend to -apply to  the Ghiet Commissioner; bf> .lUstnrt.s^ and Works  Victoria. .'��.. 6 , for a SPICGTAI'^' LlOKNSE to  cut and carry away timber-ft-vim the followii)},'  d'eseribed Crown Lands:���. ..���.'���.   .       :  ."Commcncini.', at a post; planted at a point  situate one mile north of't&c'Xqrtli East corner  of tii.tiiber limit:held uniit'r S. Lane's special  timber license, situate nuiir Luke, creek.\ Kast  Kootenay. Thence KasUeEfrtity chains: thence-  North' eighty , chains:: shence West' piKlity  ehatns:.thence.south eiferUi-ty chains'to the pointr  of commencement compiiistn^ in all'about f540>  acres or timber lands.. ���'���'. ',  ._"."  Dated this fttth da.v,��i|O^Ttober. l'.WI ���ify:. ..  44- CHAKLKSr-'B.  PINCH, Applicant  THE NEW YORK  CLIPPER  Contains.  a    Reliable , Reoomt  of all the Events In the  THEATRICAL WORLD  AND THE  WORLD OF SPORTS.  PUBLISHED WEEKLY..  ��4.00 A YEAR.- SINCLE COPY, HOcta.  For Sale by all Newsdealers.  SAMPLE    COPY    FREE.  Address NEW YORK CLIPPER,  NEW YORK.  :'..'..vYom'--'-attention' ,iy. called../to/ ,the; .  'iVPipneeir.,Iiimitc'cl-V/Jtrains1-.6f='t-So':'i iVAlil-  waukce.-iSr-St Putil.Kail way." t!ThefoiiIV:,':  perfect; trains in,,the world. ,:: ���"���;���,  ;.;-'y.':you,ijrill-fini(l:.it'(le.s,iriiW  thos(3;tr;ians;>\-heir^oino; to a  :tlie:.East'ernl-.'-Sbattos\6j,-;;.^ina  cpiinecfcv with ��: all . < Transcontinental'���  .?Ti''ain��--; siitd,  all   Ticket ���-.Ajirentsy sell:/  ticket^,,;,.y:;-.;..:.;.-..y;iy:-y.:/--;y./:y''''-;y.;-'/;:y;y:  -r^'-/Pdr,:in3rther iiifbrmatibtiiijjiiiriphlet^;''  etc.-.aslsany���'i'ickcjt. Agentvoi;:; : ;i   ''}%'. ^  R.Vli./li^RD:;;,':-:y.;&^;Eb��Y    -/���/,;;:''  :\     Pass.' Ag-cn't'.,    .-������;;   GonoL-ul,Agent','   /  ,/   ,   SPOKANE/        '^PORTLAND.; ;  "Agents'  Wanted  Complete: Life  of, Quean Victoria/  ','' ���;''' .BEST BOOK    .'',- :'"':���', /:..':  ���';y.\    .    "-j.   BISST'TJiRMS ",'  Odsttit. Mailed on HtweL^tjjf.Jo;cents..  iAdArestf  / ';.      .   ,!-���������     ,        .  t~  : ';   ���; s.c. Ai:i.L]LEk;& .go..      .;"  '"       <'''.;*      Porulknd.:Ore,, U:S.A,.  Horses   Kaiiched.  Horses i'aiiftb,e<l iiui'd redlniy afe  ^5 per monthi.. Pasturage owftk-  'ou't hay $2." per month.    Apply  tq. / '���'.' V';.'-.^'yy, -; ;  y   .PATKICK  QUIRK  i  i  J.)a.isy I-iauc-h,  Fort; StseeJe.  IN'  THE PROSPECTOR.  Stevens  Crack Shot Rifle.  . A new rifle. 20-inch barrel.  Weight. 4 pounds. C. B. caps  and .22 short R. F. Has an  AUTOMATIC'..'SAFETY and  cannot be discharged accidentally.'  Price Only $4.00  If these rifles are not carried in stock  by your-dealer, send 'price and we will  siiid it to ynu express prepaid.  Send stamp for catalog describing complete line and containing valuable information to shooters.  The J. Stevens Arms and Tool Co.  P. O.'Bo.-Wj.!' CHiCOPEE FALLS, MASS.  ANDREW   NEIDIG  CONTRACTOR     and    BUILDER  HOU.SK AND SIGN I'AINTING  CAT.CIM1NING and PAPER HANGING  FORT STEELE, B. C.  B��~   AH   work promptly done.  GflNN &G0.  General     Merchants  Fort ���Stekms. B. C,  I    ���..,'"��� . '���     f  'Fruit ''.-..,,  CONFIiCTlONIilUY  Stationery-"..  Cigars.  Post Offjck   Stoke.  fa  1  ff: THE PROSPECTOR. FORT STFKL.F.   fi  D'^rvMP.KK  1 !<'"��]  @Wj�� $}VO&p&Et0V.  SATUKDAY. 1)K< 'K.MHKK :."*.  UKU.  ���'��i.  '*-������������  WILD   HORSE  CREEK.  Owl in tied Kioiii I'.ijre -J  CORONADO   GROUP.  Situaied on Wild Tlorse creel?,-  about 1:2 miles  l'rom Fort Steele  is tlie Coronado group of claims.  The vein is some W feet in width'  carrying grey copper,   arsenical  copper,    bromide     oi'     copper,  brittle silver and gold.      A   considerable nmount'ol' development  has been done on this properly.  0 DUPONT   GHOUP.  Situate on the mmiIIi side o  Boulder creek, about M'ven miles  from Fort Steele The' main  ledge is :i large yoid bcuring  q-!i:irlz.,aud i.s exposed the Ju  length (jf the Dupont claim. A  jariie amount ol" development  vorlc ha.s been dune.  GRACE   A.   CLAIM.  This   properly   con.si.si ing   of  the   (I race   A.    and     Grace    L.  ^claims is situate on   AVild   Horse  creel; ten miles from Fori Steele  Development work consists of a  $ ,   lunnel   in  <Sr>  feel,   the ore i.s an  iron   sulpluirets.      The   ledge is  over WO feet'in width.    This ore  is said to be a period Jlux for all  lead products.  DODO   CROUP.      ' ' *  This group of claims consisting of the Dodo and Keystone  are located on ihe east fork of  Wild Horse creek, and are own-  , ed by Messrs Collett and Star-  bird. The ledge is fully 200 foot  .from wall to wall. The=ore is a  gray copper carrying values in  gold, silver and copper. These  claims   are  situated   within   15  miles of Fort Steele.  1 ' ,  YUKON   AND   KLONDIKE.  Situated on the east fork of  Wild Horse about three miles  from the'forks. These claims  join the famous Coronado on the  north.    Development work.-com-  1 O i  sists .of open cuts, tunnel and  'drifts. The ledge is about 120  feet in width. The ore is a gray  copper similar to that found on  the Dodo group.  BIG    CHIEF.  This property is situated on  Boulder 'creek.' a tributary of  Wild Horse creek. The ore-is a  gold quartz, the vein has a width  of 2W feet.  KOOTENAY   KING.  At the head of Victoria Gulch  and on the left of the creek is  l' situated the Kootenay King, this  property has a large ledge 62  feet in width. The ore is a  galena. Development work consists of several hundred feet of  tunnels and drifts.  NEOSHA   GROUP.  This property is situated near  the head of Will linger creek and  is on tho same contact as the  Coronada andlDodo groups The  development work consists of a  tunnel in DO feet. The lent! at  this point has a width of -10 feet  Thc ore is a galena, and assay  , returns give HI ounces in silver,  $5 in gold.  There is no section of the Fort  Steele district which has a  brighter future before it than  the Wild Horse country, and  within the next year it will he  demonstrated that there are  as large producing; mines'  in that vicinity, as can be found  in any section of the Province.  It is a great mineral country and  there is no question of its future.  trid, the mo.st promising mining (all   roads   and   trails   that    lead ' who   say.  district ol Uritish Columbia. through the .snowy hills  of  this-; means   oj  That South  Fast Kootenay   is | wonderland.    Fo?-t  Steele  rears ; are no bounds lo the lutun  entering upon ail era of great  mineral prosperity.'no one seems  to doubt.   ,  There are .many well developed prospects iii this district  whjch may be contideutly counted" upon to ship within the coining year. ' (1  The. Fort Steele'disti ict offers  exceptional advanta'ireH in the  way of mining and agriculture.  The valley ot the Kootenay is  particularly well adapted to  farininir, wuil.> the mountains  contain untold w-altli and  mineral.  her   head   and   proud lv     looks  about   her  at   the (Jod iriven re-  thai,    wiili    adequate  transportation   theie  pos  sibilities of the district.  & MitiMih  THE   FORT   STEELE  MINES.  Cold, silver lead,   copper  aid  sources   that   will   evor support ,'j,.,,,,    ;in,    jon���.|    in   abundance-  her inhabitants. ' thronyhoni   the   district.      The  ��� veins are InrL'e   and   continuous.  ��� and the ore ol high grade.     Less  machinery will be needed in   the  I development <i| our mine*.- than '  in other parts oi ihe Province,  1 as ujo-,1 o] the mines can be  woiked iroin tunnels. Pumping  and hoi-liny plant- will not be ,i  neces-'ty for manv vein- In'  looUng o\ er t he -n u in.m Iroin  all poini.-. t 1 iv i id remain-  p tieiit to aH. Hi it the Fori Sn ele  dls'ric1   :j'\'e- l he lire.lles'   p.-o i)    i  NOTARIES PUBLIC.  Girdle the District With Steel  and   We   Will   Produce   Gold,  9 Silver-lead and Copper In Return.   ' ^  The mines in South East  Kootenay, and particularly those  in the vicinity ol Koi t Steele are  beginning to i  Insurance  Hooks  Collections  and     Commission     Agents,  opt    and    accounts    audited  prompt!}     made.  Agents in Every Town in the Ko:ten:ys.  tion of miiiiii'  ���ccei ve,  men.  the   alien-  Tin re   has  tort Steele  B. C.  ^MiiliillUiilUMM^  -The Pion'eers.  In the years OU and 0-1 about  three thon.-and men were in  Kootenay attracted thither by  the rich gold discoveries on Wild  Horse creek.  Tlie following old timers still  remain and are identified' with  the district: Among those we  may mention David Griffith who  came in via Walla Walla in the  spring of 1864. and, who .-till  lives on Wild Horse creek and  has large interests both in placer  and quartz mines.  Robert C. Dore who also came  in by, tho'same routeyand.who  left Kootenay in the 70's to go  to the Cassiar excitement, but  after trying his luck in California, Montana and Arizona is eon-  tent to remain here, working his  placer and nickel properties on  the old creek.  Patrick Quirk, another old  timer who .came here in 1804,  who also followed the Cassiar  excitement, .now owns the Daisy  ranch near Fort Steele, and not  forgetting tho early golden days  is making preparations to work  placer ground on the Moyie  river.  Better transportation facilities  are  all  that is wanted to make  the  mining camps  of  the Fort  Steele district the wonder of the  world.     It is a question  of   a  short time of actual development  work to demonstrate the rich ness  of our, mines. ��� But until we have  sufficient  railways, development  work  on   the  mines  will not be  prosecuted with the vigor which  otherwise it should be.  The   mines    in    South   East  /Kootejhay which will  contribute  to the world's wealth during the  coming year are numerous.  The attention of mining men  from all over the world will be  directed to the Fort Steele dis-  Peter Boyle," another old timer  who has remained in the country  devotes his attention to farming.  He has a comfortable home on  Cherry crook.  Colonel Geoi'ge Doherty, who  is still with us, came here in  1801 lie afterwaids tried Montana. Dakota, Arizona and California, but came back lo his old  stamping ground on Wild Horse,  where ho has some lirst class  properties which he is now on-  gaged in developing.  j\l. Pliillipps, who was in  charge of the Hudson Bay Co's  extensive business came here in  1801). After leaving the service  he settled at Tobacco Plains  where he has a comfortable  home.  Pioneering in the 6.0's was not  confined to men only, but  many  ladies   accompanied   their   husbands into what was then known  as the wilderness, or out of civil  ization.   Among those who came  in  with   they early   prospectors  was Mrs Griffith, who still  lives  on Wild Horse, hale and hearty,  and who always has a kind word  for the "old timer" who bear testimony to her kindness and generous hospitality.  BBAXCH OFFICES AT  Moyie, B. C  Kimberley, B. 0.  Marysville, B  0\  invest in mine- having merit.  Inquiries an- leceived everyday  regarding the mining outlook.  Tho mining interests of the district were Mover bettor than at  the prc-ent lime, and m-ide of  another twelve mouths the Fort  Steele di-trict will be the mining  attraction oi the Province.'  the coming  r^j Sinclair Pass���Through the Rockies-Near Windermere, B. C. ZZ:  ^mm??m?mmnm!nmTmmmmmmmmmmmmmm??!f!?mm��nm^  been a groat amount of develop-I ises t in   regard    to   its   mineral  =   ment  work  'done,     enough   to, wealth, and will soon   be  prom  satisfy  claim   owners  that with  incut a uong the wealth   produo  facilities for marketing ore  that   ing districts of the Provincr.  this section of the province  \vi  We hope, and our hopes are  based on the logic, ol circumstances, that the Fort, Steele  mining district may be eventually transformed from an ore  shipping district to a. smelter  center.. And when we consider  the mining resources of this district in its proper relation as to  becoming a revenue ..producer,  we cannot undertake to form an  estimate on what the production  of the Fort Steele,district' would  be at the close of  year.  Claim jumpers do a  great  injustice to claim  owners  through '  a   mistaken '-notion   as  to their  rights for assuming that a claim''  is jumpable.  For tunnel and drift timbering  round or split timber will generally be found most economical.  Defective    locations   "are     a r  source of great trouble  and  expense. '       ',    '  The earliest miners and metal  workers of whom we have record  were the Aryan people of Euro-  Asian origin.  "The placer mines on Wild  Horse creek are by mituredivid-  ed into tw-o general classes, the  shallow and the deep workings.  The Wild Horse district is  now showing a marked activity  in placer, mining.  It i.s predicted by mining men  that heavy and rich ore bodies  will b'e discovered in the mountains through tho medium of the  development work now in progress all over the district.  become a huge and constanl producer.    In fact that this district  has  an  abundance   of   mineral. | D(3Gtl C10I1G on "nni"S  properties  many   undeveloped   mines,   and Iiu the Povi Stee'�� district during  Mining- Development.  The   development   which   has  been done on  those that have rearmed the  shipping stage are ranked as being in the front rank of produc-  ing'mines on the American Continent.  Tho Fort Steele district is  practically a virgin field with  great possibilities. These facts  are  well   known   to  promoters.  thc past year is most gratify in  and thc work in every instance  has been productive of good results. More actual development  has been done during tlie present  season than ever before in the  history of the district. Continued development will attract  people here who are anxious  to  I UK HE!  Asthmalene Briugs Instant Relief and  Permanent  Cure  in All  Cases.  J SENT ABSOLUTELY FREE ON RECEIPT OF POSTAL.  .-��� Surrounded by the richest  mineral area yet discovered on  the American continent. Inhabited by a thrifty and enterprising class of business men,  favored by Providence as the  head of navigation on the.Koote- IE  ^mrnmmnmTnnTTmTnnnTmTTnTrnnTTnTTTTnTTTTTTnTTTTmTTTTTTTnTTTmnmmvTD  CAPITAL WANTED.  To Develop  Tlie Rich Mineral  Resources Of  South EaIst Kootenay.  Partially Developed,  And Undeveloped Copper  And Silver-Lead Properties  Are Offered For Sale On  Liberal Working Bonds.  FOR   REPORTS,   AND   INFORMATION; WRITE TO  CHARLES  ESTMERE.  Kimberley,   B.C.  There is nothing like Asthma  lene.     It  brings  instant relief,   *  even iu the worst cases. It cures *  when all else fails. ��  The  Rov.-O.   F.   WELLS,   of Villa   *  fudge,-111.,.says:- ."Your trial bottle of  $  Uthmalcne received in good condition    *  I   ( mnot  tell you   how thankful! feel  .*.  for the good derived from it:    I   was a   *  slue  chained with putrid  sore  throat   $  and asthma for ten years. ;  I despaired   *  of ever being cured,    I saw your ad vcr-   ,t  tisement for the cure of  this  dreadful' *  and   tormenting disease,   asthma,   and  thought you had overspoken voiw.sc.1vch  but.resolved to give, it a trial.     To ,ny  astonish mom,   thc   trial   acted    like' a  charm.    .Scud inc. a Till l-si/.e bottle."  We. waul, l,o send to every  sulTerer  a  trial treatment, of  Asthmalei c, similar  to tlie one that,'cured Air. Wells.  We'll  send   it   by  instil   POSTPAID    M!SO-  ...   /���  y- , # .        LUTKLV   PKEK   OP   CHAKG,      to'  my snflercr who will write for it, even on a postal.    N.cv  nay ���ver, being the terminus of | iwiiAlUiiuw^^  ��� ,   .     . .       , ,. er "and, though  W  you are despairing, however bad your case, Asthmalene will  relieve and  M  cure.    The worse your case, the more glad wc are to send it.     Do not de  ^  lay.     Write at once,  addressing DR.TAFT'BKOS.' MEDICTNK TO  J  79 East, 130th St.. N. Y. City.    Sold by all Druggists.  \0  lb  . kfc  \i>  \0  lb  \ir  \li  \b  tii  *  Hi  ii>  ii>  \b  \t<  ib  \li  ib  *  Hi  ^^ttfettttttttfttftffrfftCte^^j^^^g^^^^^^^^^r THE PROSPECTOR.  FORT STEELE,  B. C, DECEMBER 2=5,  1901.  ��ft�� tyKQ&VZKX&K.  SATUKDAV, DF.CE.MJiEK 28. 11)01.  OFFicieil   Directory.  C. Smith, M.  J. F. Ai-m.-trong, Government Agent.  A. C. Nelson.       , -.        Assessor  L. W. Pamiore,        Mining Kecorder.  H. W. Barnc'f. Licence Inspector.  D. McKay. I toad  .Superintendent.  V. D. Hope.   Deputy Alining Kecorder.  ���F. K. Morris.    .. ������  E. Klwell,  Ai. PhiUipj^.    ������ ���'   A.'B. Dick. Aliue Inspector.  W. K. Iioss. Stipendiary Magistrate.  II. L. T. Galbraith. Justice of the Peace  John Gra.-~irk " ' '"  T. T. McVittic. '���  K. J. t'ann. Postmaster.  Herbcr.t Clark, < 'uatoizis Othcer.  lor  our' ores, as well.     His  , may   now  be considered a  FORT    STJSELE.      '  Continued Fi-om,Pa;.'e 1.       ,  true���7that -!he laughs best  who  , laughs last".  Two years ago no one���not  even the President of the road  himself���believed .it possible,  much Jess probable, that the  Great Northern Railway would  be pushing its way into South  East Kootenay t to' reach our  magnificent coal fields. But Mr.'  Tlill saw reason .to"���'change his  views and to adopt, those put before him by' one in a much  humbler station. ' In a feu-  months Mi;. Hill will bo competing   not   only   for   tlie  coal  and  ��� cokeiof   South   Kast   Kootenay  '��but c  road  ["net or in the development of our  mineral wealth, and just where  his competition will cease, not  oven tho most accomplished  sneerer may venture to predict.  '-Let my reader travel through  the district, and nolo'its topographical feature.;, ils drainage  areas, its magnificent stretches  of agricultural lands all lying in  the wide valley of the Kootenay,  ' its skirting mountain ranges cut  'and seamed with ore veins of  every kind; let him make his  outlook as wide as lie pleases���  let him '"view the landscape o'er"  from every point of vantage, and  if he be a man of experience and  without prejudice, he will come  back to '-the meeting of the  waters"���to the confluence of the  St. 'Mary's and Wild Horse with  the Kootenay." and taking his  stand on the site of Fort Steele,  he will say, "Here is the natural  business center of the district;  the- drainage   from   the > north,  ��� from the east and from the west  to 'tTnis' point, -and southward  then is an almost' level, .railway  route along the foothills 'of the  Rockies to a crossing of- the  Cr.ow's '-Nest,   Railway    or    a  'junction of the Great Northern.  A .more,-ideal' site tor. a great  centre' of population and business cannot be found in the district, A great smelter and refinery must some day be established close to the Kootenay  river at some point to which the  haulage is not uphill. For no  experienced mining . man will  send his ores up a mountain side  yto reach a smelter when lie  may  ; send them almost by- gravity  along.the great natural arteries  of thc district and see them coining nearer and yet nearer the  needed coal .and coke .supply"..  It is in this circumstance  that  .lies our hope for' tho future.  Time and nature will solve the  problem of transportation and of.  towns  in  spite  of the cleverest  and most persistent booming.  It may very well be said   that  all our grades,   all  our  district  roads and trails, find their natural   convergence    at    the   point  where the drainage waters of the  district    also    converge.      For  farmers,   for  miners,   for  prospectors the easiest to reach,  the  most    natural    centre    for    the  transaction of business   is  Fort  Steele.     For  a   time,   but only  temporarily,   our   progress   has  been checked by an adverse fate  and by something of-that  western spirit of restlessness  which  is ever "on the move",   seeking  fresh  fields  and   pastures  new,  which puts the hasty winning of  wealth   before   the 'better, and  more permanent things  of  life.  Our morchants sold goods to thc  ubiquitous prospector and miner  years and years ago,   whon   the  only mode of access to   the  district Hvas  by   pack   horse,   and  later when 150 miles'of  learning  added to their cost, and'yet later  when" steamboats    brought    us  within a day or two  of  a  grcjat  transcontinental railway.     And  they can do so Vet, and  just   as  cheaply as iu any other place in  tho district.      We  have still our  summer   outlet-���the, Kootenay;  and within a few months a competing point will be within easy  reach.     But the cost of hauling  by team from  our d>adly  locut't'd  ���������Junction"  was   by   no    means  prohibition of successful compe- \  titiou with other olaces aud need ^l'; "m *����n ^-connected with the  ,.*-., katollu bv the  tunnel   just  mentioned  not haw  anveu. a  single  me;--  llhichnoV ie�����i,mte* about  200  feet  from, the point of intersection. - This  will be the main working tunnel for  both ledges as tip raises will be started  to meet the upper tunnel on the Rover  which has reached a point vertically  above the meeting point and to- the incline on the Estella at different levels.  There will then be natural ^ventilation  Cashier ledges, but the group was subsequently enlarged when the Kover  ledge was discovered. The principal  development work has been the exploiting of the latter vein which crosses the  other at about right angle.  At present nearly 2.000 feet of tunnels  shafts and adits have been run. With  the exception of a cro~s cut tunnel,thai  when completed will cut the Hover  ledge at a depth of (>()() feet, or more  than 200 feet below the deepest level  worked, the work has all been upon the  ledges and in ore of varying gnule.  The formation  consists  of  intensive  felsyte-porphyry and   an    igneus dyki>  cutting  and   enclosing quartzilc.    The  i|uart/.itu is locally  altered   by   hydro-  thermal action to rock resembling rU"M>  and slate.    The Kstella ledge, which is  possibly the result of thc cooling of thu  porphyry intrusions,   is   found    to   cut  alike through porphyry and quart/.ite."  The ores are complex,   gray  copper,  copper  oxide,    galena   aud pyrile predominate, carrying gooil  average   val-  u.'s and occasionally very   high ones in  copper and silver.    The ledge is exposed where the creek crosses it. T.vo tun-  uels here have been driven in and have  met with ore for their 'entire    length.  The ledge is from three to six feoLwidc  An incline is now being   sunk ��� in   the  south or No 3 tunnel aud so fur litis been  in ore of good grade. Thc cross-cut tunnel run,in below is far from being' vertically below tfio ore chute.- on the surface and is wide of ^tie main  porphyry  contact which the ledge may ronsoimldy  be expected to follow.  It appears therefore, I hat the ledge which has a surface  dip of ."!0 degrees is bent o\ cr  the surface aud probably rtuisparallel with the  Cashier ledge which is of n similar  nature and some   600  feet,  above   it.    In  other words it is probably -almost parallel with the cross-cut tunnel and with  the main contact of the porphyry.   The  Kover ledge which crosses the. surface  strike   of ,the   Kstella almost at right  mine,   the  Sullivan   group,   the  Estella  and  a  number  of other  well developed mineral claimsju  the   Windermere  district and on  the   Columbia   north    of     Fort  Steele.      So   far  as samples are  concerned,   the   writer   recently  enjoyed the privilege of examining what is certainly an extraoi;-  dinai;^, and    eloquent   collection  in   the  < flice  of The Pkospec-  toh   a   collection   which proves  conclusively that whatever    else  may be true it i.s a fact that   the  range  of   mineral  found in Kast,  Kootenay  is both   extraordinary  and encouraging.    Gold, copper,  silver, lead, nickel and   iron   arts  there  in   abundance   and   an intending investor-might do worse  than make this ofliee Bis starting  point for he would certainly find  much    food    for   rollectioM   and  probably    more   than   one .good  pointer in the collf-et ion   gathered there.      The   latest    new*  of  iuifKirtaiire to.this district i.s the  decision of the Sullivan   Mining  (V). to erect a sinelier> at Marys-  ville;   thit,   would    bo    the   tiir��t  sniellt>r in  tho  district   but   inD-r.  the last. The writer for low  years has hold life opinion that  Klko is, jui ideal smelting site-  and thaD the future development!  of Kast, K'ootonay would determine ils ^election for that purpose. In this opinion he may be  mistaken lb>uti has no1 intention of  abandoning it'and looks in the  near future' Cor a turn in tho tide  of  tho   affairs   of   the    district  cl'iant. loyal to his  home,   up  a  'hill to seek easier dollars'.   ,Why  0  it was within very.receni. mouths  that the old-fasbioued freight  teams were competing successfully between Toronto aud Hamilton with a back-in-the-woods  railway management. ���.This is  no argument against railways,  but it is an argument in favor of  determined men making .conditions^:' trade bend to their will.  We remember a mild but es-  toqmable m'an(ouce arguing that  ascertain place must be a good  one because all roads led through  it; and he was answered by his  more aggressive companion that  if was certainly a good place,  and would always be a good  place lo /xv.s.s- through. But that  was not Fort Steele. Here during the '-construction" period  our town gave shelter and sustenance and something more to  many transients "on the move."  Lt has been a sort of mother  country to the rest of the district  And but few of those who once  resided here have anything but  thc most friendly good wishes  for the old historic town; and  many would gladly have. remained or would even yet return  if���jf���Well our views on this  point are well known. We believe in choosing your town with  thoughtful consideration of every  phase of the subject, with a view  to a home and the future, with a  view' to openness of site, climate  health, water supply and all the  other concomitants of civilization  not forgetting natural facilities  for the control of business interests: and having chosen be  loyal to your choice, and be- not  (discouraged by - any temporary  set-backs. Remember that in  cordial union  there -is, irresistable  They who will may win.    ,.  But to sum all and to close.  We claim that Fqrt Steele has a  wonderfully equable, a really  ideal climate, an ideal site,"and.  all those natural conditions  which contribute to. the health,  comfort and success, of a large  and busy=population. -' We have  every'confidence then that when  the mistakes of the past shall  have been rectified, our goodly  town will realize its destiny as  the groat business, mining, residential and educational centre of  an inconceivably wealthy district. : ..   Estella    IVIine  I The Kstella group of eight, claims is  .situated on .Tracy Creek twelve miles  from Fort Steele, and six miles from the  Kootenay River. The original locations   were   made   on   the Estella and  which will hiring the,recognition  to which it is. entitled and also  such a development of its miner  al resources as wjill surprise those  who have ' hitherto regarded it  as a speculative-one, which wjil  be uo surprise to a number of  experienced men who' for years  have believed that it would clue  day vie with its successful rival  to the West.  in  a good cause  strength.  aud an enormous extent of ledge matter  available for stopping in both claims.  The Rover ore is galena. In view of  the diiliculties of transport it is now  considered a concentrating proposition.,  The ledge matter two to IS feet wide  will give a concentration equal to other  mines in the district, ^fr. C. ITunirer-  ford Pollen, if. G. S..,hooes to have thc  C      . S.  wagon road completed, and an air compressor and drills installed, before- the  middle of the summer, when the, present force will be eonsidcrablv enlarged  PROGRESS    IN    KIMBERLEY.  Mineral   Resources   of  East Kootenay.  , Continued from Vage 1.  pared to take 10,000 tons of coal  a day from tho Crow's Nest'  mines as soon as it' is available  and as an earnest of his intention to do this he has acquired  a controlling interest in thc  stock of the Coal Co. and has  placed his own. mining engineer  in charge of the works.  In addition to possessing one  of the finest coal properties on  the continent it is generally admitted that in the St. Eugene  mine.- East Kootenay can also  claim the largest and most valuable silver-lead ore mine in the  West. One has only to pay a  visit to Moyie and look over the  splendid modern plant which  has been erected and to observe  the business-like air which pre-  vades the place to realize that  this great shipper of lead ores  is unique in its possibilities and  its capacity;    '      ' ,  We cannot help the cloud  which at present rests oyer the  silver-lead industry;' all. trades  are subject to times of depression but these pass away and are  succeeded by good trade which  is an encouragement to mining  men and whether this good trade  is sooner or later in comingv to  the lead industry it is certain  that no mine is,in a better position to hold its own than .the St.  Eugene and if it cannot do busi-  uess, the others will have to go  out of the trade. It would be  possible now to commence,a list  Of mines in a more or less undeveloped stage Avhich attests to  the variety of the mineral deposits and of the value of the  district, but it is not within tho  scope of this article to go into  details on this matter. The, reputation of East Kootenay |as a  mining district might well rest  upon the Crow's Nest coal ateas,  St. Eugene mine, the North Star  Since The Completion  Of The  Crow'sr Nest Pass  Railway.  By Chits. Ei-tmere, M. E.  The onward march of progress  in the mining count', y is 'hardly  perceptable tot the person who  watches it from day to day. The  man'developing a mine from thp  stage of a prospect will grow  impatient at times,, when a large  monthly-pay-roll has to bo met.  and but comparatively few feet  of development in the shaft,  tunnel or drift to show as a result of this expenditure. Yet  when the work of one or two  years is summed up, thc pro  gross made astonishes even thc  person' most interested. The  development of a prospect into  a mine carries with if many disappointments and comparatively  few successes. Yet, after all  obstacles have been surmounted  as'the result of a great deal of  faith, indefatiguable perseverance, common horse sense, and  a large amount of hard'work,,  and the prospect makes its .trial  shipment of ore to the .smelter,,  the returns aa-e satisfactory, alill  hardships are forgotten, all disappointments are a thing of the?  past, there is but one thought  uppermost "in the mind of the  operator,' "success at last'". This  stage is the crucial point for  all prospects. It is the time  when tho prospect may be compared with the student who> has  been coached and' nursed most  carefully for his examination,  where he is to show his metal.  If he is sound in mind,   and   his  mental resources have been  properly developed, he will pass  the test of examination, become  of a benefit to his fellow man  and a dividend payer to himself  when he takes his place among  many others iii the world. So  with the prospect which has tho  making of a mine when it makes  its first shipment, it will stand  the test, , and ultimately will  take its place among mines, just  as a successful student takes' his  place among men.  Kimberley camp has been  most successful in the development of prospects into mines.  At the time of the construction  of the Crow's Nest Pass Railway there was one property in  the entire South East Kootenay  which had passed the crucial  point. This was the North Star  mine situated on Mark creek. A  wagon road .had been built to  the mine in order jto transport  the ore from the mine to the  Kootenay river, yet this wagon  ���road was little used, the principal travel .being .over the old  trail.     Very little life appeared  mywhere    in    that    section   of  S mth   East   Kootenay   at   that  time     In order to make the trip  't was necessary to carry a camp  ���outfit     and     provisions   along.  These were the   existing conditions of  only  four short,,years  tgo.    Today, what a change !   It  barely seems possible  for  such  progress    to    have   been   made  within so short a   space of titrie,  yet  ft   i.s   a   fact- nevertheless.  I'1 mm   the   stage   of  a   prospect  tin; North Star Mine  has   taken  its placf; in the first" rank of the  dividend payers  of   British   Columbia.        The    Sullivan    mine  though ntur a dividend  payer as  yet, can saifely be classed1 among  the dividend'payers for tlwj coining season-  Many other properties ini this  camp arc being prepared lo make  this test of shipment  in the wear  future.     As  the  result of  this  development many improvements  followed.      First   a  little  town  sprung  up at the base of, the  ��� mountain.      The- town   of  Kim1-  berley grew and1 prospered untill  'today it boasts oC'the most modern and substantial buildings in  Sfcnuh East Kootenay  the next  move was a branch) railway, then  machinery for "the- mines,, tele;  graph and telephone'lines, tramways and   many  other   conveniences   to   lighten, man's" labor.  The last but not  the- least 'progressive move is the- erection of  a  smelter  and  tho   building  of  another "little  town- in  the district.     The promo tens of the cn-  terpinse deserve all  the- success  they could   possibly anticipate.  The-erection of a smelter in the  distinct meets the long felt want  of  the   miners   in   South   East  Koote-nay.  The town "of Kimberley and  its mines are most fortunate in  having this smelter.; so. near at  hand. ' The vast deposits of low-  grade- oi*es which sure-'known to-  exist in the'camp will then be  enabled to producaj. and make  the'world richer, and givto employment to hundrads and possibly thousands of -miners.  Therefore, the people of the  district aim^'Jjtrlicularl.y the  town of Kimberley may. well encourage- and assist in making  the-smelter enterprise a success.  For-if thc smeltcir is prosperous,  the prosperity of:"the mines, and  the people depending upon them  must of necessity be- ten-fold,  because for every'ten men em  ployed in reducing tlie ores,  chere are a hundred men employed in producing the same.  There are but two more matters  to bo improved upon iu order to  make Kimberley aud: its mines  most prosperous: One is that  the Provincial legisl'atureshould  forget all about isnjueral laws  and leave them, though faulty,  for a definite poriodi alone. The  other is that the Dominion Parliament may take action and encourage-and protect the lead industry of the country. <-  North Star Lodge  NO. 30.  F�� AND A. M.       G. R. B. C.  P'O-KT STKKOK. W, C    '  1st   Tuesday   in   eaeb  Visftins Urt'thcrn are  KeKUliir mcetiiiKx-  month at oitfhl a'elock.  uordnlly invited.  A C. Nki..soj��. Secretary.  Rocky  Mountain  Chapter  NO.  125, U. A. M.  P'OIIT KTKKI.Ii, l��. C  KojjfiiliSr nii'tjliiifr.i���in<] Tuesday in  ���Kicli iiionUi' ut. oi^lit. (/flock.  Vi.siliiif;-     Hrvthcrn   jir<j.   eonil'inlly  invited.  K. I,  T. Oaj-hkaith' Sci-ibo B.  Professional.  Gi'o. Hi McCarter. J. A. IlaBTtey  HARVEY & McCARTER  Jfarrvttcrif,   Solicitors, [.  Notarial I'ubltc,-  Conveyancers etc.  FOKT  STEELE,. B. C.  RKVELS50KK STATION and GOLDEN  COLLECTIONS      PROMPTLY   ' MADE.  W. R. ROSS  Barrister       -      -       Solicitor  NOTART   PUBLIC  CONVEYANCER.   .   .  ,   Fort Steele,   11   C  FOIIT STKEI.K  DBVrXOI'MKNTSTKDlCATE LTD  l2P.LcadcnbaU Ssreet, London, England.  N. /U WALLINGER,.       FORT. STEELE.  TOST OFFICE HOX 8.  THOMAS-   McVITTIE  Fort Steele B.C.   i     i   GRASSICK   &   DEMPSEY.  CONTRACTOttS  AND  BUILDERS^  ���  '        Fort   Steele 'B.C'  NOTICE. '  NOTICF. IS HKKKI1V GIVEN' tli.it sixty  days nfitcr tinti> I intend to apply to Uio Clinsf  Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to purchase thc following described  land situate In South East Kootnnay. C'oni-  moncinK at a posi planted at tho North East  cornorof LocB&A.Gtoiip 1, tnouco norm follow-.  in�� thc oustcr'n boundary otT Liot f>5: llieiieo east  to the west'houudary of lot 807; thence southerly following th�� weslliou'iidiiry of said lot we  to a point east of point of commencement,,  thence west to point of commencement.' Co��-  taining ten-acres more or less. '       ���  ,'/\ E. .1. CANN  Dated at Fort Steele this 28th day of 'December, 1901'. -.     ���'-   5��  Save your Snowshoe Tags.  The most popular branfl of Chewing  Tobacco in Canada today, is-;"Pay  Roll". ./Every plug- of "Pay Roll"  bears a "Snowshoe" Tag-. Consumers  should save these tags, as valuable presents are given for them. Tags are  good up to January ,1st, 1903. Write  for our new illustrated premium catalogue. The Empire Tobacco Co., Ltd.,  Winnipeg Branch/Winnipeg-, Man.  FARM FOR SALE  The Daisy Ranch situate  five miles south of'Fort Steele.  Twelve hundred acres under fence,  320 acres crown granted, the balance  held tinder pre-emption. ��� Good irrigation ditch, 150 acres of cleared land.  Will cut 150 tons of hay.  For .further particulars apply to  K. L. T. GALBRAITH, Fort Steele.  Shaving P? Hair Dressing, Earloi  FORT   STEELE, B. C  All kmcls-of haiii work  a specialty.  A. J   GREZ,  Proprietor  U.  COHN  TAILOR  AND IMPORTER 0F  FINE WOOLLENS  Rocky Mountain A\reniie  Fort Steele, B. G.  Fost Steele  Diamond Jubilee  Hospital1  MISS FCU-SON.  UJTROH.  Oiadtintu of St. I.ukt-s Hospital,  Vancouver, it. C-  This Institution has been rece-udly  enlarged by a new wing which is bow  open for reception- of patients. For-  terms apply to ,'-.''  v  I  *}  ii  Hi  'I  Miss Folsom, . or  Matron. ;'  J. F. Smith,.See.  Fort Steele, B,C.  T 6.  Fort. Steele, B. C. '  'MANUFACTURER   OF.   ���  Tinware, Galvanized Iron, Sheet  Iron,   Stove Pipes  and '  Copperware  BUILDINGS HEATED and VENTILATED;  Plumbing,  Pipe fitting  and all  kinds of sanitary work  flir Tight���Hot Blast Stoves  Hydraulic   and, Air   Pipes   for  Mines  >'vfl  :;!��'i;?h.  " .Iii!*,  I  I  SPECIAL  ATTENTION PAID  JOB WORK. "-ry~  TO  1  a b<?  PAGES  9  TO 16  16   PAGES  Vol. 7..  EORT STEELE, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12S, 1901.  No 52.  ":.lijB*,  THE TOWN OF FERNIE.  Will Have a Population of 15.000  in Five Years, and Can Supply  the Continent With  Coal.  JJy ('. ir.u-kiiitf.  Ed. I'Vrnie Free 1 Yens.  That history   lias  been   made  rapidly   in   Fernie', is  best evidenced by the fact that there tiro  no oldest inhabitants and no oldest settlers.    That il i.s a slrenu-'  olis  town   loo   there can  be  no  doubt.      in   1HSJ7  there  was  no  "Fernie;     the   hills   had     never  echoed to the shriek'of the locomotive,   and   ihe  trails through  the'Crow's Nest Pass  were^not  particularly crowded  with  commerce.    In this first year  of the  new  century   and' the  reign  of  '' ��'ood   King  Edward,   there   are  not  less  than   3,~)00 inhabitants  within  its  environs  and   unless  nil signif.fail there wdll be double  .-.  -that 'number   before   Christmas  tide of 1902.      Every   reader  of  The    PitoSPECvrOK    knows     or  'should know the basis of Fcrnie's  wonderful growth is coal, which  is closely allied to,the   -'root "of  all evil", inasmuch as a heap  of  .-both commodities are . necessary  to tho happiness and'comfort of  the     human    family.      Mineral  J. -propositions    are   good   things  but  where   we   Fernie    people  have best of, it is that pur coal  '    .lands    will   never   pinch   out.  ���    There is coal a plenty to .supply  the   American   continent  if de?-  veloped, and the market is never  failing.  ' The   output of coal is  now  about   2,000   tons ��of ..coal  per day,'which is but,a tithe of  ��� the quantity that can be produced." 'This*7' comparatively  small amount gives employment  to 700 or "800 miners, laborers  and what-not, . who draw a  monthly pay, in round figures,  of 870,000,-the bulk of which is  circulated in our' midst.     It  is  , staled that the Great Northern  Railway alone wilt ���require 10.-  000 tons daily for their own consumption, and in view,of that  road now being under construction to Fernie, it is easy to see  that in thc immediate'future 'the  output must be enormously increased which necessarily entails  ��� an enormous increase in'money  circulation. Tho coal industry  is but in its infancy with regard  to local���i. o. provincial���consumption, aud with the increased facilities afforded by a competing line of railway it is >not  too much to predict that instead  of ii.oOO people Fernie will have  within live years a permanent  population of lu.OOO These  statements may look like brag  but there is no reason to assume  that they are at all exaggerated.-  c Ferine is' naturally weli shunted, in ii beautiful valley, which  affords ample room For expansion, and when the town titles  fnive been ' adjusted incorpora-'  tion will be the immediate outcome.  It is true that Fernie is under  , a disadvantage at. the moment,  on account of having no municipal government. but that objection will be removed in the  near future. We have a waterworks and electric light plant  but a much more comprehensive  system is required, sewerage  and sanitation jyill follow.  There are upwards of fifty, business places, in some of which  stocks are carried and business  transacted that would astonish  the staid denizens of the effete  east.  'ir"j>  I I'  '*V  *��  It  V-f"l'-T-  :Grni6,   3. C  <Sv  have excellent churches.   Ample! theie is the c\\ hole  stoivrof  its  banking facilities are afforded by I stability.      Much   moie  can"  be  the   Canadian   Bank   of   Commerce      Tho Coal Company devoted a large  tiact  of  land   tor  park-purposes, and also a recre  ation    ground    where   lacrosse, j  baseball,    cricket   and   football!  said of this good town but theie  is limit to newspaper ^p.ice alid  to human patience which will no  doubt lie solely tned by thus  rambling story  In conclusion we extend to all  oijuippid with modern machin-  ei v. implied new mines, and are  now in condition to meet the expected increase in trade, made  possible by the construction of  tho-Grow's Nest-Southern   rail  t  way. whicha will giveo them an  opening to the -south, and a market in Montana, Idaho and  ^Vrishinyton  ing for coal has been carried on.  It has been more of the nature  of testing the extensions of new  coal areas, and providing openings for a large increase in production t  On Morrisey creek an opening has been made, and shipping  Will commence as soon as connections    are    made    with    the  are given ample  accommodation I you Fort Steele people who are,  for  their  demonstration       The  perhaps thioiujli no fault o! \ om  Elk Hows at the back  door and  own, compelled tro \ eye tale  in   a      The estimated output   lor ��lhe! Oiow -    Nest    branch   and   the  contributes   many   a  well   tilh d camp0) hat cm offer no   hope  ol , \ e.i/ l'HH \\\i��, about 4<>O.0JO ions' Ci ou s Xest Southern  i ail way  quartz mining   is   still in its infancy,   but wherever the prospectors  pick   has   been   struck  mineral has been uncovered.    It  is  safe  to  say   that within the  'next two years there will  be  as  many paying mines in . this  district,   witnin   the  same area, as  are' in  any    section  of   British  Columbia. '''The people of,eastern Canada arc awakening to the  fact that  South   East  Kootenay  is a country of great possibilities  and that the mines are nomas' remote and  inaccessible as   even  two years; ago.    The mines  are  easily  reached.       A, man   can '  leave Montreal visit aify mine m  this sectioii'<and be at home again  inside of   ten,days.   'There  are.,  no long tedious  horseback  journeys.     No��� wandering  over  almost 'impassable    trails?, , The  principal^mines 'can  be  reached  from Fort Steele in a few  hours .  Iii the Windermere 'district  the  mines for the most part arc,, not  far distant from wagon roads.  One man i'h speaking of South" -  East Kootenay as a" whole said. '  "It is an ideal mining country". ��  Cherry Creek.  Cherry  creek  enters  into the '  Kootenay     river     above    Fort  Steele.    On   Cherry creek con- ���  siderable^prospecting has  been  done,   and   the   reports ��� which  come from there are of the most  satisfactory   character.        Con- e  siderable  assessment work has  been    done   "during    the   past  summer.       The    principal   ore  abounding    in    this   section   is  ,  copper, although other minerals   '  are  mentioned  as  having been '  found.     A  number of locations" .  were made on Cherry creek dur-    ,  ing the past year.  ,u 1  hl\     tew nd  creel   of the spottled> beauties   c\n  a- <i S-  Doer,  sheep,   goats  and   aiou-se1 hand ol  fellowship  \\v   iu.h'  ind   il   -\on  ol  fn���]  Theie  o  lud  1   (i.iJ.hJ  aie   ��in  Ipn -. oi   coLi   >  operation    at, is  "he demand lor coal and coke  increasing,    and     the   home  . Burton and Wynstay.,  The above group is "located  about three miles north of.Elk  rivor on the west slope pf tho  mountain. The vein so far as  development can determine lias  an east and west course, and has  been disclosed by three open cuts  within a distance of 1P() feet, the  open cuts each show the vein to  be about si'x,.fe(M in width, there  is also a tunnel driven in -100  feet on flic vein. The face of the  tunnel shows about four and a  half feet of ore. The ore is a high  grade copper. Every indication  points lo there being u large body  of ore. The vein cms the Jorma-  tion at right angles. The property is' owned by Hon. Charles  Mackintosh of Rossi and.  Bridge Connecting-Tunnels���Crow's..Nest' Collieries.  abound in the. hills, making the  neighborhood at veritable, sports-  mans paradise. Fernie has never  had. a boom and it if. to be devoutly hoped that none will ever  be. Its natural resources compel the attention of all legitimate enterprises and wild-cat  speculators will not enter into  its.history. It is fair to assume  Seven hotels supply ac-j that there can be no untoward  comsaodations that probably are event   to   retard   its   progress  not equalled in any town in the  Province of a similar size. The  spiritual welfare of the town is  ���well looked after by live religious denominations, all of which  which will be based on the genuine merits of its location. The  coal lands are so extensive in  the immediate vicinity that they  will never fail of   supply   and  can get out of the' town, we will  try and make room for you here,  'where,peace and plenty are distinguishing characteristics. It  is true you have big potatoes, up  thai', but as an offset you have  Grace to contend with, which  will more than counteract your  vegetable successes;  Crow's Nest Coal.  The Crow's Nest Pass Coal  Company has been suffering  from those many inconveniences  incident to all new enterprises  of. this sort, and the property  this year has  been  thoroughly  present 424 coke ovens in Fernie  and 212 at Michel, with a daily  capacity of 1200 tons of coke.  The daily tonnage of coal produced i* about, 2300 tons.  Preparations have been completed for a largely increased  output in 1902. In 1900 the output for the year was 206,803  tons of coal, and G5,9ir> tons of  coke, and during the coming  year 1902 the daily production  will in all probability reach  5,000 tons. ���  With, and in connection with  this largely increased output of  coal for the past year, prospect-  Chickamun' Stone.  This property is located ou  Bull river and is owned bv the  Chickamun Stone Copper Mini no-  Company. Tho group consists  of live claims, and development  do.ne in the past has demonstrated that the property is of sreat  value.  A main porphyry dyke extends  through the country, aud two of  the claims are cut by tin.-, dvke.  and the other three are "side  claims. The work has been confined principally to thisdvkoand  with depth what was hard porphyry on the surface became  easily worked. It is the theory  of mining men well known in the  Northwest, that this dvke is  .... , r   ,      ��� ��� .nothing   but   the   capping of a  market is amply  supplied   with | lai.ge body of ore     ^ the deeper  workings  other large bodies  the products of the Fernie coal  mines, the building of smelters,  reduction works and other industrial : enterprises in the  Kootenay, valley in thc near  future, together "with the constant demand for more coke and  coal to the-south, is the issue  which will make the Fernie coal  mines have a larger production  than any other coal mine in the  Province.  An Ideal Mining Country.  Although  placer mining was  carried on in the vicinity of Fort  Steele  nearly forty years ago.  have been uncovered. While the  dyke on the surface is 110 feet-  wide, the vein is at present dipping towards the contact, (slate,  and porphyry,) and the theory is  advanced that larger and more  valuable ore bodies will be found  on this contact.  , The main tunnel now in 263 ft.  including a cross-cut, which at  100 feet will again cross-cut the  dyke from'" wall to wall. Altogether 500 feet'of. development  has been done thoroughly proving the property. 6'  10  ti.ik pro'Spkctdr, pprnySteele,;b.- a, decemrrr ,-'l>s, vm.  v*>     aftf      ��#��  -������  ���'  *  ������ �������  ���I"  ������-  ������>  V  ��������  S?  ��� "  It  ��� ���  ���A*   �����.*   ��Av   *#*   >#*   >ft>   ���!'   �����*   *#*    ��������"   "���*   "I"   ��������  �������- ���:�� ����T�� ���:������ ~j* ��i-�� ��%������ ��v��- *I* ���*!��� *����� ���v�� *������*���  ��f m.    pf*    *�����    *f��    of*    xf*    *f-    'f��    *f ���     ������    ��f a    'I*    '|��  ���.#* .#> hfl* %*. ���$-  ��#* ��f* ���#- ������-  -$����� .(���������  ��^�� *|* *t>*  ��|*  ��$*  'i*  *$���>  i*ii*ii*ii*ii*ii*ii*ii*,j;i,*ii*i.i*iito.  *���* *#."  ������* "������  ������* 'l.1*  '9* *f,*  '0* '9*  *0* **0*  ����^ ^.a�� ^.^ aw.^ ^. ^ w.^r VVar ^r.^ ^p_^r -V.-V  "������   ���#��   -�����  �������   �������   �����"   -��"  ������"  ��*"  ��#���  F  T  %aa  assssg  Kifoaassa    &:  ��#�� -��������  -*��� -��-  -������ i#-  ���*��� -t��  ��*��� �����'  �������� �������  T��rr��r  '%' ���*-  �������� �����--  ���������������*  The Mining Center of tlie District of South East Kootenay  The Largest  IYIineral Areas,  and tlie Most    !  Extensive  i.  Coal Fields on the  American Continent  are Situated in  ,   i  South East Kootenay  NJEH'AJL, MJA\P  CU.-  f  Agriculture  i ^^^ i  Crazing and the  Lumber Industry  are Prominent  Features of the   ii  District.  The   Crawford   Bay  and   Fort   Steele   Railway   will   be   constructed   this   year.  ;'/  /  The proposed Crow's Nest and Golden Railway, Recently Surveyed, will pass through  ^ORT  ��������� k2  And    Tap    the   Greatest   Mineral   Belt   of   the   District  ,-+  Choice Business and Residence lots for Sale  erf  III  9       JL  &  Townsite Office.  Urn  1  ll  %m  m  mnnaM 'Oq-  i^J,  THR PROSPECTOR. FORT STEELE. B. C,  DECEMBER 28, 1901  It  tp  0 T E L  H. REINEMAN, Proprietor.  Fort Steele, B. C.  i  w  Si  Largest and IVlost Complete Hotel In South Bast Kootenay  ���  -      ALL:-' MODERN'*: : C0NVENIENGES:,: "^  Sample Rooms ffelGbiii^  Hc^  ��Ije jjro^^ctov  SATURDAY. DKCT..M HF.R 2*. KI01.  STAR GROUP OF' MINES.  ' Annual Report of the Bull River  Mining and Milling Company.  Work   for   the  season  of 100  was- begun  .Juno   1st.   and   day  , work conthincd until October 1st  when "a    con trad   was   let   for  ' work* 'to continue through the  winter season., During thc summer the White Swan shaft was  sunk 20 feet, making a total of  '4'2i feet.' This shaft i.s being  sunk on the lead which0 was six  feci on 'the surface and gradually  widened out until it is eight and  a half feet in bottom of shaft  All highly mineralized'' and  .carrying good values,"m gold and  "'silver. This property-which i.s  some four miles from large  group, lias a bunk house and  kitchen combined 12x24 inside.  It is thc company'* intention to  develop the-properly' in the near  'future by a cross-cut tunnel that  ��\vill gain foot for foot and tap  tho lead at great depth.  On tho large group work was  principally centered on tunnel  No. 1.' .This lead was cross-cut  at a point 55 feet, fioin portal to  tu mi el and on October 1st had  gone a distance of -17 foot and  id inches, without   encountering  \ hanging wall. Entire lead is  heavily mineralized and carrying  values in copper. One body of  which is spoken of in managers  ��� report bids fair to widen" out as  depth is gained and take;'place  of the gang no or ledge matter.  Tunnel No. :t was started in  July ;uul driven :i5 feet, opening  up a, well defined lead eight, feet  wide. Sul'licieul supplies have  boon stored at the mine to last  nnlil May 1st, -incl work" will be  continued on No. 1 tunnel, driv-  fng into tLie mountain on hanging  wall side of the vein. A good  substantial bunk house, also  kitchen and' dining room, each  jOxlh feet, and a blacksmith  shop 10x12 feet have been built..  Total amount of work* done on  all the properties -150 feet. Next  ..season the government propose  building a wagou road and. trail  up Bull river to the mine; giving  ns an easy railroad grade all the  ���way.  The following'is the conclusion of expert. Sivycr's reporL of  the property, followed by the report of the'manager: '"'��� .'.'   ,  However,. I wish to state in  conclusion, that, without entering into a   further detailed  des-  t - *-*o  cription of the ore showings, the  geological features and the general merits of these mining  claims, that there are bold outcrops and exposures of ore deposits existing here in limestone  and other schistose rucks. . 'Tlii'it.'li* ;ibsol-iite'ly-'hey^ -f  tlie  ore  consists of a ga,ngue('of  le'Yige..   of     man." -from :���"���-<��� present:; manager - KESLtR��s  report.  limestone (white or blue).'and..- bfi.showiiigs,.  positively   to' ''defer..  quartz rock, containing sulphides,Tmine.   .  There-'."are  possibilities  ol   iron   and   c:bpp'er-'beariug (iiV; here for a pay miheand pbssibil-  the  ore)   some  gold.     Thaif the; ifies of/failure'in^the'pro  surface showings of,ihe  (ireyfti-e-'as 'a, ;.inin ins' enter prise. -   Eve  ol such magnitude-"and"-value  ;.minirig enterprise.    Every  as i great riiine or pay, mine.was once  j-/- Sirs- ! L beg la submit, the fo'l-  t hiwi ng. report; of:. .work   done ;oii  ��� I ybur/property'   from .June   1st.  ;>osil;imi, y. {ypj y f 0;. 'o'c', j:)lxM/ 1 st;, , r,0l V "//: f.  Shaft on .'-White, Swan property  ............. ..........     , was'sunk"20. feet further, making  fo justify a rcasonableTarid limit- :a py-o^ a total of -I2ifee't.    Lead the'eii-  ed expenditure of" c;fp,ira.l and -fcitions for a "mine, hi some ' pros: I t,jrf. distance was heavily miner-  labor for mini ng.explorations ';:'tb-|'"|-Jects are better than ��� in '���.Others, jalized from wall to wall. ��� The  satisfactorily clet.ei-inim.yif   these,: the value o  satisfactorily determine if these,| the value of. every prospect; has j.':w.jdfch at surface is six :feet: and  ore bodies oxjst ' in ',adequate ; been dem..nstraied by ;e'xplor- j ati bottom of shaft.84-.feet, the ihV  bodies ol .sufficient commercial.1 afions.of tlie'ground and' the'ore. crease in width bein��- ��-radual  value, all things being consider---''bodies therein, and by consider- \-n,i\i surfiice down to bottom of  ed   to   pay    to   mine   the same.; ing. the." facilities'  tor   handling j aj1Mf t,..' Lead holds same  dip 'as  shaft.  " Lead holds same  dip  as  wish you,very much j .,,������ surrace : wbiclvis 00. degrees,  in   this mining venture.ya!,'d'dipping irito'thc hill.   .  y   ,-  ea lures taken into'consideration.j Believe- rue good .sirs, yours very.,     (..'uniineiibed     work   On,: large  That these prospects can  be  do-': the same'  veloped   into    a,   pay.-.- mine',    all/success  g n in p .) I'lly. -I t. h. 1ULU;. con tin ui ng  tunnel No.. 'I. ��. : After^di-iving  nine feet ;a cross-cut was" started  town rds foot walk to; ascerta.in  wjdth of#ein and also the value  of .flie or^v at- different points  along the.- vein: .Thirty feet from  poiny.jw'.hei:e the -crbss-cnt was  started,'.'the' foot wrflI wasyreach-,'  ed. ������ Pour., feet from' starting  pbiiii.yi.body.of ore   was  struck,"  which: was  six    feet,wide   and  ���: ...-���'  ������   ���.,���-.--,.    .- ���>   '���-.'-  running parallel with lead. Main  tunnel .was cbiifcinued bu tliis' ore '  body;aiidvdriven ten feet "all yinf y  solid ore, same 'as sample ������������������shown!:.-.  ypu.:v Work! was "centered , on>  cross'cut,;  dnyiiigf^tpwards ;the:i!  ���hai)ghrg-/ wall, .and .on: October y  1st,has reached a;point,V1S .'feet;-.  arid. 10: inches' fi-qirj starti ng; pbi nt  or a .total/distance: 'from :,fpot: 1  wall ,of 48- "'feet':'"'fen inchesfaudy:  from all indications we will ha^e;  to. drive ,'from  eight.,to":ten feet :V  before haugiug w'alLis/reached./:-'  .Tuniiel" at/begiimihg" of ywork;/  - was: in 46|: feet. /::^!y:/::/    -.!'.' //'v:y  ��yOii'f'tunnel!;No.;';3'/!showingy;ah: -'  ppeii. cut:-vvas'!r!url:sixifeet ouleadTy:  40,:f ee ii; above :;tmiiief,'l!sliowiiig!::.;a:y  >ftneyledge' about".i/Syfegy.Awide,:::::  Tunnel- was'driKenj8:fe^t!throughAy  Aya:s.li.:y,i.4 fect:i,n-4imestone'andia;!!!!:  ^feet/phJead/strikiiigflea'cLat'Ian y  :aiigle.::yot, '!:30y.::;:degrleos:;y^;tunuel;��� o  .cutting through lead'andfollow:^.  j'ng oil footwall!side.:'ri.:1Width'"'Of /'  ,lead,/aty;i.)oi.ut  of:cu 1 tingS'Teet. y  Course of/vein:spiitli -18  degrees  West.:".'" '/yV .���:���'/��� ,/;''!//:.y: ^.-y;"/'/'.;':���/���'���:  ,;.  A Contract was ,let/   beginning! -  .October 1st;: to cohi,iiiiie!work,all- ���  wi ii ler, on main I u nnel or' No!v i, -  woi'le to be::p6ii!iiiiied on-haiiging-���'������'"  wall side of,lead. '   Reported' bj' ..'  j'^Y. Ke>iei-:"': -.;'���'.-::'���''.'���������' ���/"���' ''/!/.  6  A/ hue  .'rep'riiM'.,' from /the Star  group- is   to   ilie ^effect that/the,,^  main   ledge   has 'been'  cross-cut/."',  and "'found, .to be G2 feet \v,ide.���   ."  Ed!-" :��� ^���������;//:-/:;i-.v^^;.v--'^;o.-  '  ���i mi ��i  �� ��� wnwi !��� h���>iim�� i ii ��� ii pi n������iM���^���  ;;"' :    "port:   Steele '��� -"'-'c-;;; ������ ���/.-.:.���,;:;,':,:  -   ;        -.���������>       -'���  '  "      ,.      .'    -.'.'���'      -      ,   ���     ;' ; ���';. "':       'O; '..:-'"-.:  ������" >-;':i3 A-]xti$Y^;J^;;^^  -'-.'    H. A l \K yPi-oiii-ictor; "-���".i -��  ":  \-       "i ,(v . ,  C"   '      '     .   v ,,���''���'��� ������ :  Ri.vi-:f;s:n"iiyl'Av!i^uK'.c': '"'���'��� '-���';:���  '-' OiJposiic . Post , O'ttiee..' -.'-..  ;;^  . .J.\'S-W&'-i!X^r -��� - 5S:  ^yi'8HS8  Mount St. Thomas. Tf'1  T  t'no'^fKr'ivi"  . i;'"pr.r  DEGFATPRR 28;  1001.-:  Qhhz $��0&pect0y;.  SATUrtDAY, i.)'K<.'-K.MI3KIi  Mil.  portant industries in Moyie during  the   past  year.    ��� There are  now two sawmills within ��. mile'of-',  town.     That of tlie .\loyie: Luiii-,  ber Company has1 a daily,  cap-ic-.  ityof 40.000: feet of lumber.,' .and  that   of.  Park   .Mitchell 0��,fc   Co. '  about   15,000  feet. - ;'Both, mills'  have been ruiiniing;st''arnly   dur-  1 he largest   silver:lea 1   prod he'"r.  on 1 iie Aiuerii-iiii ���(���'ontinent.  - -MiWa's/;. ������;'  " Minerals. ��� : pa i;t Jcnlri i-'!y. ." ihe.  in/'iallii- ones, a i.-e ��� ch'',ell.v dis-  l.ribnted <-\-('i- and. abe\-,e ihe stir-'  f-.iv.i'. of .t in."' e'a'rilj .Wi, !a\-*>'-s..'��|-  mass;, s.-.iii lodes or   he-re1 v"ci:x.  of 7)iit-e ore-bv. themselves, huried ���'! T? A'  beiieafh the surface in ihe 'rock. !     '  For Sale.   Consists of 2&S  'ju.'res <if lioiioiri Jand nine  . -   ���.   , . ������������-,     ���' ! "'il'�� fi-fijn Stock:, ���jolnin'tr' K./M;ither's  in, must , cases   however,    these i (;hcri-y. Circle  ranch.,/ This ,,':ini]   is  blended  whir  foreign if''"^-'!- dwcilintr  lieii.so.'-stabju.'i-attlo  ores   ar<  mat'or.   as   lumps 'or/ grains  of  .quartz, Mine or othersubstance's.  whirl),,  a |-i>    inerlia I.|ic-;i1 IV'.- mixed  or in <-hi-tni(-al eotiv.h'iiiafion  wiih  it.     In some instances' "the /main  ,slii.;.ls. i-oot,'h'j'isc -etc;: ��� Till<>,. perfee;t,  price -flUon. \vlii<-li.isi(.'HSI,liaij<-c.)Slcif ini-  provVMiiK^iK ., Anply to *<'."������ A'," liAl.K.  Fori��� Stecslo. I,J'.���</���...   P.O. liox sio.  ---.    '      '    .    O-f-^-,    .���,.;/���   ��� ..,,���  ���   .���    I,,   -  :,C(lMI/\ v|K'.  ing tile past seMSOiivaud.between: niuhp.'g parallel \vitjVor H';ivi-"s;  the two.'' .have,..Inien'/e'niployy i'ig.���"!.lo- /.gi'mer.-tl c-<ini-s-��� 'of yhc  irig nearly J00 miMv. ������" ��� ���'���)'.'rieady: stva'ideation.' of:'"-lim-,i-(."!<v: ' hi  sale at''^ good ...figure isyvu/nd-'for . n s;s ;-or' jmi/I/cis. in  the products of 'l.hesi-> nti!l,/i.n :i,'h.'e'/'Wh:.e.'i a/", co'i/i/v i< -us  iioi.iy.  r.'.c-!,-.v  ei ,isi  ore me  -���'.,-     ��� "^   '  llhstance.   ,    'flic  >f    ih.e    lave'r   oi"  !";i I ��� it.   ,;i ml    I he  iimfiled , in .1 hal.  ill -i ���: i-;.',',':."-( v'isil s. alii' otien ��� fo.i/ii'l ;  in .siieii: he.-ix-y 11riisses as- lo ail'ini.!.;  !'���' 1"' ei i- i \.lr:-'c'-! ii'ilf: .\\:;! Inilit ���' ;inv  A<:;r   IWir.' AN'li, .AMKKIllNll  /'"-.-v.V'.ts..'���������'- - ':���"' .",���//������' ���".::;  LICENSE  : >;.iiii-i.-_.if,-,ii:,iw--riy ���rii'.Mt.,tii!ii, .limb's W/'-li.  S-iinM-:',,^ii-iJii':-i:. ;W;i.r':-i'.i'ir i;Vu-i shm-Ii'.1 ij..'<.':..'  Ms bv.Mi ii'.|iiii,ill.;.i-"ili ������'.Alii'i-i,H;y .for ������.'i'lic.'  K,.;.i.o,:iv -.i I' .!��������� i- "��� "���;���<������ '.':", Colli Mines: Pj|'iiiju<r-'  ii:;>;:!'(-</��� >f .i ��� m- v' //v/iiiinv.      ,:   /-.. "' ���!������":���  :;l)Ui"U/! K ������','<���! i Mi iv I'l'iil:   .���!".,,.���.,-''���'���   ''���������:/:^:-  ���   .'-: ^-.AVoivriiOv;'-.. //!,.; , ������.'.'���"  :'  ... -        - Ki'i.'i ���;. r.,"l'ul'.liiiiil.-Sl.ni'l; i-imuijinl^s.  The Largest  Silver-Lead  Pro  ducing    Camp    On    ihe  American' Continent  THE   PEARL'  OF SOUTH   EAST  KOOTENAY. ..  Hyd. V. Snntli. K.'.:i..r ni' i!i<-   ^i'U.'  T^oacK-r. -(  '  The'year l!��'l has no! been an  overly [-re^perous one'for Moyie  miniiig, ihe yhiVf iudusii-v. bi>in<r  seriou.-ly'aftected hy   the  r-himp  in'])rice of hotli .-ilver aiui  Duiiiil'- the pi1' eedina   .��< .o",   the  St.   Eni'i-no  m'in<��.   acciird:rg to  the'  report   ol   the   Miristc r   of  mines., produced more lead   than  any other >iniiie producer in the  'province, or'nearly as  much   a=.  the combined oiupu't of the l^lo-_;  can di'&trict.    During the year it ;  shipped over 17.onii'tous of  ore. \  of   a   total     valuation   of .over  Si,000,000.    The payroll into the?  town for the same yeaiiaverager. ,  830,000   per   month.       for   thej  jiresent year ihe  output  of., the1!  ,   mine   has   been'about one   half:  r and the other figures wil] run in  proportion.     One  year  iiiro the  price  of  lead  was over L'|;"j pet-  ton and silver was over 0-1  cents  per ounce.   Today lead is hovering  around   the M'10   marl*  and  ��� silvei\is"at 54 cents.    This is the  !   sole'cause of the,decrease of  the  output   of. this    big   property.  However,     much     development  " work has been going  on  during  thc year jusl drawing to a  close.  Besides Ihe work which has been  done in Ihe old workings, a   new  shaft has been sunk at tlie mouth  of No. 1 funnel of what is known  as   tho   Lake   Shore   property.  This shaft is now down  IHS feel,  or about, 2f> feet below  the  level  of the lake.    Stalions   were  cut  at the 100 foot, level and drifting  for the ledge com nenced.     This  drift is now in some (50 feet.      A  large shaft house has been erected,.and everything arranged  for  working ihe  property   from   its  lower   levels    ou   an   extensive  scale.      Among   the   other   improvements made   by   this  company   during  the" year  was the  building  of  a palatial residence  for   Manager    Cronin   and   hi��  family.  SOi.Ti-yrv r;tKL.  The  Society   Girl   is  situated  immediately to the  east  and   on  the same lead as the St. Eugene,  and has been developed to  quile  an exie.nt during,the  past  year.  -Farrel'l-"-'Bros  are: at- work.'ihis  winter sinking, a  shaft.   They  are down about 60 feet and' have  ,a good showing"of-ore.   ''There  are over 300 feet of tunnels;  and  shafts.on this property.  .a'URq'ka- .-���   ��� ,:. '���.,������        -".    .'  Situated on thec west side of  the  lake,   and according to the  best authority, on the  continuation  of' the'St.   Eugene -lead,  gives promise of  becoming  one  of. the  big' mines  of the camp.  some excellent ore   bodies  have  been shown up during  the  past  year.    The Aurora is owned   by  Thomas  Rader,   O.   J.   Johnson  and Captain LB. Sanborn.  There are several other promising properties surrounding  Moyie, but the amount of work  done on thcin so far does not'  justify giving them special mention in this article.  LUMBERING.  Has been one of the most im-  SOUTJI,     KA.ST     KO'OTJSNAV'  DJSTK1CT. ';'',-'  NOTICK, is . lirroby ��� j-'iven tliiii . ;i .special'  mi'.exht'j, ' of tli'o lloanl' of : License , Commissioners of ...Souili .. Ka,st, Kootiiiay.  will be liiiltl at I'-emiol pecember.HIsi.. IHIII, ui,  " pin. , to consider tlie folio-winy a'pij]|i;iiilons''i(.'  for.li'citel lieeiiscs;-- ��� ���' ���  ,;- l.:H.��� V:iii IX'i-iir  ; n.orfinth..,  .ibbii' ^laedoiiiUil ,  yCliiis K.-irly. I'-alls.View.  .loiies & iMrlnUisli. ioilco. '  "('.I  JM.''Kil'ivnrils. Mlk'u  II, ,:��� Si-!:'l';  C'ranliroolt  Wild Horse.  Miirys/illo  <''������  Morrisey  M'U.-AI.-.iNO'r.  I'wiij.  -.:: (!������(-.uji/v.),       ,-.;  '.yi !���: in.- i.Mi'Kfiv'ii.Miir.'Ts.  X'OTICE.  Ithiclc Ht-iiiyuiilAlabet'NlinV'irjt) :<;j,;iiiiiS:.  ��� Situate in ilm-'li-ci'i-l,''Slecile Muiiiif,' Div'isioji of1'  Soui.lj Hast. Kooieiiii.v f.iist'rici..      v'" ���..,/  ,:������ .Whej;.: ���ildeii.iud:". Al out   two':  nilli-s'youtli,: ;  east of Kiiiilii'rl.'v m'm--.J';'ii'I; .-r.-i-k.    ,���"<��� -,.���-.��� >. '-  '  'r^K'l-i ,XOTK'l.; i.li:u :f: ciiaries Ksfinciv.:: '���'���'  I'-'nii;;Aliii(--r's.,0;rl.'iili;ii.'i.-|'--'Vo.|- �����������'.'TiilKir." iutencl, ,  si.xt.y Via ysfroiii tiii: ilati' jie.r'i'of. tii'apjily tolilt' .'  ��� iVlii!-|iJK ^ccoi-iier for a OerUtieji'U-'. of Iniproye-���.'.,  .iiaiiity-Tortli^:purpose of' oliiainiiiV; n-Vfiiyitt .'.'���,  Grii.pt of tlip'alio'veoliiiins:/   ���'=/ , 7p    -.   ...','t,!  :  /. ml/fiirtlier Iii lei; notice tb';il,:actir/ii;f uiiilci'  j-ii'Ctii'n :I7. uiiist,|-iu'.'comineni:eci liefore'tlio.isHii'i-: .'������  aiice/W such (^ertiiicate^f Ii.iij'iroye^ui(jh.is; .::���'������'',' -:  ! .��� IJiin'crtliis.tliii-d.(hiy'of Dccvniliei/'liliii;:/;���'.  :������������in.-:-,'r---2 -'!i-',:'-.',/:;:ciTA]-ii.:,K.S'.-'.i.;s'TOikilE^  ���:: .; ���/.'���'^iixiiKyi/Ae'iv/./y!,  y/'. /''/ '. ���/'-j',(;-ii'i('.si-.'i:-.'i" /:.;.".' ., '���"':'���  .'FlITIFli'-ATK.UI/iMI'KOVIJMKNM^S  :/;.-//:;'���/'-,::������;://:KOT1CE;:: '":.;//V'V:.:y.:-/:: ���':/:::.  '���- -.-':'; V:/- '-.-./v.--"'...'.:' --''���" ��������� - ���- ���������'���t> ���     :������//:���/:��� ' :������������"���:  ���:,y:ysiir<Mv^biu-!i7,;A.Iiiiei-:i] ::('iliiii)i/.y /���:'...:  i' Sittiateiivtlie Fort Steele,Alitiinyuivisjoii (if//  ''lii'istolcjitjuiij-iiy; Dis'ii'iet:.-..:'.'.-���'���'.- <}���������' ,:.:y'-.w:-.;:: /;---;���'���;������ ���  '���/ U'liere Ipc/J.eil:,���On ili(vui;iin;foi-U cj t.lie :Sl./::  AI��i.r.v]'K'-:'--i.jylyi.M-y.:-ii.i.��oi't(.fl'^i.x---;h]iis?s .���.<;iif4t>:i'-.-ofs.'. .t Ii-e^;/:-'.  'lvoot.eiiii.y- I'.iU;.' ilh iilji' ' '���:/"',,   '/:"/:':    ���', ,-��� '"//  :/ri'iiUe iioiire:,i|iat:l./riieoa7i,;tv;i:ioaVieliu!iip.:>etv;1:  .i.'i'iH-'iiV:iiKi'!.iit-fo'rt.'i.pii-��(vXT'r(i'ili|i'iirt  (Jeriiiieate/Xb./l! :ill!';iiJ/. Iliiiry . Br/i;)ioiiis6ii /  I'Vee Alt'iier;s Certjliciile Nb. l!'i>tlliis':svnii ijeniy;,   V  ^V.!|3ai:foivKreeiMiner-.s c'erlille'ii'te'Niv.n-' SW.'S'I/',;'.  iblendr sixty {.Oays':/n"iii "il!iW.'iV!'it:o.-."lie.ri;qf...:-,'lci"-,y.  ii|i|ily to I.lie;Millingjiecbrder-fiVr ij-y^eri.flicatt!1 :7  ;o,fr:-'liii|li-oyi.'.7i)0iiis"f(ir l.iie pui-'poso of, bbtainiht;. '..';  ii "C'rowii V: rant; of tlie iil|OY.e,.y.riiini'. ���';',.��� ./���/,,  .. '*  .;'A'iiir."l'iirtlier'-.'iiife: notice'^ <f>ni iict.iiin, tip'd'ei''' ,;i  secik.n  '.'tr-, j.must. Ill:;, cbinnii'iiceil: before. - ilie;,  .Issiiaiiee; of sueli Certitieiiuvof Iniproveineiits..' :% /  :.-'*! .lijito'd -UivlM.aSLir'iiH'y.;or:?J'Vivi>iii lJt(r:-:=>V.". p;'-'-I S��ii; lV-'*'.' ''^  :./:.,;ir-/i.::.;';���;���/, yyv; ���'!-.'��� I'liOvViVcVr.vSij:'.- -.,:'':���/  ' 'fTlreyyiiinibe'i/:-'6,iV'l'eieineh.t's:vtiif:''''!;���;;  whic'ii!!the!!eartlr:;eonsisisV'j.s';/ u'n��;..>..  ?no\v!iiv.:y'--;y:;��..'.y.:;jyy'^^  '/^There ^isr/notable;:!activityyiny  i'li;placer:nii'ni:iig,on !!V^:i|rk;!HbrsgJy.:-  creeky-  '���:���, i,  Movie hiis easilv held its own/arc': 'either jiraiichc-s *!���'<['.'-A.ivU'i-y :'yvLsc%-Xfb^'r..i��jk !a , d .Vnii,ci-a:i. niiist  luring the pasL yeifr.'y Th:e;busi:ry'Miis;-- v<iyu:avi^^^^  during ing  ness jiicn   have  enjoyed .'a'gb^dxMJiVl^  trade,   and   a re  ca i-i-ying'^sybcks ; t^bhsyy,"./ /:y':''-'yyy::-:../:/!,/  equally ns large as they::didyoiie  year ago. Moyie bus an abuiid^  ancc of substantial backing, and  as'soon as the prices, of silver  and lead advance it will enjoy an  era of unprecedented prosperity:.  '    MIOVIEJ'y-yV:'"  A Prediction Made by "The Prospector" Four Years "A.gQc:  '   '      Today.       .    ".'' .:.\.  Moyie  is   the   pe.-ii;l',of Soul h  ''���;/Tlui'lraiisii iimi. i;bcj< is:':  in all rot '���" iii'e t ii I i i f "< <)������ .v t:i s ~\ I  11..' c-  ie;.:.',i/>  |').';Sij  bt:.'���So.pariiie^T.y:'Iii.;s'biii'e inSianVes  11ie \'t��� iii.s:is���'. 1 'oc'i<-,:'���;ina?l I fi'j'i'v:t:iib���:��� c:!h''������-  tra'iiice.-ot- ^fliiviiiiih'.'i/'.andlVi-ecbil^  vanciy: :;iu if  i'.ii  Hery Ave tiiiiiy-ihui-.  a.bii:ida.!]e!'e,-;:;.-thi.i.ii'-''. iii Xaiiy oi'iii-r;  geological -'--^ftiri'iiiiijOti :,.���������': ���/���(���i.''e,;i,'i-vis  rock tin��� host.'qualilie-yi.i' Vye/?.; (������  alsoofi)iind. .'The:S('cotid,.;'V i-vi.-ks-  or those -which co.ina.in:. -ijii uaiiw,;  oiis coal, do not fu'riiish/is great  a '.variety'-- of liiinei-uls ,is ilie  triinsiti'ui ro(.-,k"S, itnd nWuiv lcinds  nre not-found atali in .il'ii.-m. fn  the latter there is an ���absence, of  ^:-.;-.Lsuf:|jiiAuf:iy:-(i,;;;^i-i��/n/.u/^^  :���/;..:./:-/: .::y /;,-:- KOtlUE. ::.,.'S':X ���;���:���/'.;)  'Not u:e is liSt-ohy 'o-iveii tilui't ManV-lie.ld  oV, Cot.rVfruilV 'J/t'l'iiicwonistri ;it,Fiii-t Steele:  B: 'U.,:li:t\'-o i.uriiucl pvbr thcif .busine.ss  X:o C. >M.,: Kotip of ...Kiiiiic ' ])l;ice. / All  itcooiints duo !> '.id MunsliekPci Cottvr'ell  will bu |laid in J: A..;.-I-I/irvey, at Pii.rt  yi..-eJis. tio-env foi- CM. Keep.'. ���   ''���'.'  ���',/'���''       . ..';-. /'!.  !y.!M,KKEu.  .Dated.at Fo'i-t Ste'ole, September 2��th'  1901.'-' . ':'/ .,'���;���  ���:��� /. ������     '    -:-...      '".'���  aunWRiauaiw/iv .-MWTnrj*nnmij!3cacii  / :5>a hi pie:; roomv'for. ebni m'er-y  cial nien. . y ��;/���' '::' '::' ���'���:,.-..'��� ':"!''.7.!":!>  Head-quarters "for-;., mining  men.'- ,'...\-;'.,:���'.'������'���'...y-   /-,-.���.'.":���:   '���!','  ; 'Hot and cold batlis.   '���     '  :'���, Billiard parlor. ���..., ..'. ���!���::'. .." V-,';-'  F.  f." McMAiiux,  Proprietoi"'.  moyie;b.g\  Wk  IThe^EN^RA^  Moyie City---From Across the Lake.  East.Kootenay/    ft   is  picturesquely   located    on    one   of   the  largest and .rnost/charmiug lakes  in the province.    It is environed  by   every    favor   which -. in,   its  bounty nature can bestow,    ft i.s  an ideal resort, for health,  pleasure and   recreation.      its  future  is   pledged    by   .such   crowning  gems as the St.   Eugene,   Peter,  Lake Shore, Queen.of  flic Hills,  Pra   Diavolo,    Aurora,,   Society  Girl and many 'other   repositories, of -'.wealth,   which fairly extend into the streets of the town:  It can truly bo- said ' the  streets  are paved with   precious metals.  The mine which has made Moyie  famous is the St. Eugene group,  gold, silver, and other 'substances. It furnishes chiefly stone,  coal, limestone and of ion a., little  lead or zinc, but these latter  only iii a very limited quantity.  .'���'Mineral, substances, particularly those used in the production of inel.iils--l.lie work-able  ores���are but few in .number.  They 'are generally of oxides,  thai is a, combination .of metal  with, oxygen; sulphurets, or a  irielal combined with sulphur;  and carbonates of metallic oxides corn bined with carbonic  acid. Combinations of other  substances than these are rare.  Minerals of the above  description frequently form large bodies  CHAS.   P.   CAMPBELL,  'Undertaker  and ,  Embalmer  Graduate of Champion .  College of the United ���  States.  Upholstering', and  General  Furniture Repairing.  All \Vork Guaranteed.  Telegraph or  Mail  Ordors  Promptly Attended to. .  m  &  m  m  Mi  M'  m  m  V. DESATJIiNIEK,, Proprietor: .  Liirye'Siiniplii  Uooim  in (.-iiiiiiecliciii u-il.li liou.se.for (..'(imnici-ei.-i!  j\lun.    Host, of:. Ae-eoimiiodal.ioiiK. ���:..,.'  '-..''���  Headquarters for Commercial and,Mining Men.  Queen Avenue, - - MOYIE, B.C.  <\^;'^)\Vi^A'^'\^'\'^J\\fcAvly?\\I^A'y|''\\it''\i  da tan Hole  Cranbrook,  P. O. Box 127.  '-'"..-    .   B. C.  N: A. MacKkn/CIE. ������',  Proprietor.  THE HOTEL  For the Masses,  Sample    Rooms    For  Commercial    Mien.  (-   -     ���''',. '  Everything..   First-Class    8��    Every  Respect,  MOYIE,  British   Columbia*  ���** sxiJ UJCIJAV, JJi-X'K.MUKK ^  TFJj|  PROSPECTOR.  PORT STEELE.  R.  C,   DECEMBER -.'ft,   1901.  cure furs add give  in  exchange  whatever   article   they   desired.  Eraser iravelled this vast region  in   the   interest   of his company  aud was rewarded by discovering  the river which ever after hears  his   name.       McKenzie   took   a  northerly   route   and   ,-ifter  en-  countering  "real   hardship  and  almost insurmountable obstacles  reached   1he great  nLreaiii~nj.il  bear.-,   his   'iinine/      Ho joJIowrd  Ihe   slreain   towards   ils   mc;u1h  for   some   diManoe   diverted  his  (���(HUM! lo the westward and   s;iw  lor   the   (iisl   time    the    Pacific  Ocean   from   the   lol'ly   clilis   of  Eort       Simpson. McK'eiizic"-.  diltlCllIt ll'i Well" il'.l'l'easi'd by ihe1  Indian uuide lefu^iny lo   follow  ti      ox t   ,,       n- x i I \^   overcame   this   by t,\ iii,l; the  The Story  of the Pioneers ofl,^,,, lo hll|lsi,u. JtU, ^  liscovered ihe Cassiar were   the  rocks, we may expect to rind the  brave predecessors of tee now  famous Yukon. These two men  tj-avelled ior months living ou  what they could procure by hook  and g 1111. Yet il is vaid in the  lonely  solitude   of   the   iorests  vein at no a real distance in any  direction. In the vein stone or  accompanying rock, we may  rely upon finding the mineral.  Where ihe veiu runs parallel  with the formation as is the case  #���-***  The  10  neither would spr.uk lo the oilier 'in gold i-ey-ions. ihere is not  having disagreed as to what; much difficulLy in finding a vein  route should be (alien Nearer Ibut where the minej-al vein  home how much s due those J travim so the strata 111 angles  who came inio theconnlrv   with I more oj- le-,s detinecJ,   the   object  is not so re.idily obtained.   When  Iramnents of ore or float is iound  it   i��, evident that  lave ,l  hiirhcr  lo-  niieht 'cation lor these fragments   have  Iho-e come   down   ihe   lull.      If these  their   fiamijonis are found in a stream.  Ganacilan BanK of commerce  HEAD OFFICE���TORONTO.  J'.iid up Capital H.UUO.000: J{<-.m u-Kmi,] -2.uw.000:  .\irirn^^ti lii-,n\u-<-<i* ()>^ it;*.(,00.001.  *  '1/  blanket 011 hick- mm tied down  woi k '-sl.iid wilh I he couiHrv  and although many did not   leap'On   a   lnlls'dc  the j-eward they   well   earned   in'lhe vein must  seeuruie    the    m>\d    that  brine   ease   and   . 0111I01 I,  who .  ha v'o   entered   into ' tl  London uriicu; (id l.oinh.nj SI1  New   ^>ik orfice;  ic. 1 \1_I1.11i"  IMacu.  And GSln^M* in Canada, .the- Unite���d/SuUe*ttnd B.-itiyb Colmn i>ia.  British Columbia.  <&  V>\ .1. I-'. Sinilii.  The   hihtory   of   the    pioneer,  Jrom time imnuMiiorial, ha'.s been  the hi.stoiy of   hiduranee,   hardll  ship and   adventiu-e.      hi   every  a,i;e   there   ha\e   been   men who  endured eVery kind of  ]invation  in order to see  and   explore  known and distant   lands.  history ol these men is the stor\  ol early settlements who hi id lh<  foundation ol Ihe country where  succeeding      acne-rat urns     ha,ve  lived' in  com Ion   and opulence  The latter part ol' the   iMh   ceii-  tury.was prolific in   such   heroic  achievements.  Eour names will over be prominently associaled with Hrifish  Columbia.���'Vancouver.    Era-01  I  (This ii'L'ion was named Caleduii  ia Then lollouvd the ubiquitous  IJ udson'.s liny Co\s Eactoi.s. J11  l->ut"> tieoi-ee Simp.sun accompanied by Que.siiel and Thompson erected a post at Eoj-t  (Juorjio and the following year  aL Alexandra 011 the Krasei-;  iQiK'sjkjI   <ja\e  hj-,   name   lo the  m1"! river which hiisbocii many years  rile- '  ill is-spel led.  ���QiiesuelJe'  TIiuiujisou'm naiiie is  and  perpetual ed J  by the j-ivej' which is another  of]  the   gre.it    tributaries    ol     the,1  Eraser. -Thompson accompanied j  ihe   expedition ' as '"fcictor 'ai'i'd I  Sir'(h'oi-oe Simpson  as   astron- I  omer.      Another   of   lluj.se   pio- {  oneers ,   settled    at      KamJoops;  where a post had been establish  ed  t   Cranbrook Branch.  f  sfc  #  �����  v  5K  #  V  "a"'-'  HUBERT HAINES. Manager.  # KOOtenaV Boundary Line $  ?*f _-- _ 'J Tobacco  Plains, ?}f  *        Motel   *  -& R r  *  ���j.  �����r  ���*���  ������If  Tobacco  Plains,  B. C.  JULES HUREL  Proprietor.  ^  (ioon    \a-o.MMoj).\Tio.v   mi j   ti:avi-:j\ux(!    mi:\  *�����"���- -������ �����> --> -��- �����- �����-"*��� -��- TV  A First Class Home  Good Stable     Rigs ol  .all kiiids.  ' - o  Saddle aud 1'aelc Horses  ��* �������� �������� *������ *���?*(��  &&%%$?&&���&  -9-  '����  *���'  .����� 51  jMch'eny.ie and Dounlas. Captain  Vancouver. �� a Ih-ilish naval  ol'ticer on one of his  voyages  on i  TodUook,charge!,aiKl^uhd1^^  i the Indians very unlriendly.   Ou|l!n(|  'one     occasion     th.jy    ^ entered j oJ- , i.J old timers  LIMITED.  applaud their actions.  , the Joi',1 in  formidable   numbers  '*��� "i 6us';:aud!yfuli:6f'  tli'e western ocean, sailed northward along the west coast of the  North ^American continent. lie  found the coast almost unbroken  until about the -18 .parallel of  latitude was reached He was  not the first to visit these watei-s  for  the   Spaniards  who  at that  1        ' - 1 1  '    period were still the great maritime  power, of   the   world laid  claim to all the  western  continent and gave name's to  many  of  the waters of  the", coast      Also  Captain Cook preceded   Vancouver but sailed only  a' short dis  tance  above, the  mouth  of  the  Fraser   but   evidently - did    not  think   that  a  great river flowed  into the Strait.    Cook on his return' in   1772   met his  death at  the hands of tlie natives' on one  of'the Sandwich, islauds. ,, Vancouver  entering "the  straits   of  Puca circumnavigated the island  which still bears his name.     At  Nootka , Sound  a Spanish   ileet  was met and au action took place  which with other naval disasters  no doubt  caused   the  Spaniards  ,lle saved the fort and his life by jsph-it 'which   had  displaying the coolest  presence'  of mind aud daring.     He  sat on  a barrel full of gun-powder with  Hint  and   steel 'ready   to dash a  faial spark��ihal would blow himself, his assailants, and the  fort  into space.    The stratagem  succeeded and ever afterwards the  Indians paid the greatest respect  to   the   factor.     Tod possessed  humour,     as'   well   ,, as   ��� co'ur-  -ago and ' on account of his  abnormally large nose he would  tell with a pleasant twinkle in  his eye that he was regarded as  the ugliest man in the service  and he might almost say  living.  Douglas came out as  a  botanist    ^_,  for the Hudson's Bay Company rushed with , every comfort and  in 18-12. He landed from a ship at convenience. Steady progress  the mouth of the Columbia and prosperity have marked the  where the company had some of history of the country since that  its principal trading posts.     He period.      The   Kootenays   have  .Many  are s.ill   vigor-  Lhat   hopeful  first   induced  them to brave the hardships aud  privations   of, a"  pioneer     life.  Chielly among these wo  find   K.  L.'T. Oaibraith'.' David  Griffith,  Robert D. Mather, Roger Moore  and Patrick Quirk���types of the  true   & Britons ^   who     laid   the  foundation of many a prosperous  colony, throughout tho wide  empire.   "When these men entered  the Kootenay, the   King  visited  the Atlantic Coast as, Pj-ince  of  Wales, 'today his son crossed the  great continent   a .distance   of  over three thousand   miles  on a  rail  track  that is   inferior to no  other line in Lhe world,on  boai-d  of the most luxurious train,   fur  ! be higher up the stream, and the  farther     up ,  the    lighter    the  material        Heavy   minerals   do  npt'driff far iu a siream,   but  is  always found close to its source.  If the current is  strong  enough  lo move the fragments of galena  it is soon "round into such a, fine  dust that if can be carried off by  the most gentle current. * Therefore native metals and sulphurets  of metals aj-e always found  near  their source, because  they  can-  not move  tion.  Head Office  4(5 Queen Victoria St.  Loxdox, , England.    ���  1-hiITISfJ  Com\mbj.\  Pout Steele. J3. c;  C M. Edwahus,  Gent. Manager.  Office  far   without  deslruc-  CANADIAN  RAILWAY  spent ten years of untold hard  ships1 suffering and privation.  The Indians were very unfriendly but by displaying his power  with his gun which to tho native  I was   a   mystery   he   impressed  to abandon that part of the coast    ,        "   ." ^iei*    'ie_ impressed  H.vncwlm.in.r    U.nc.    Bt,nnnnAi�����    th��m     W,,h    r0Sl,CC*    lA    ����twilh  It was during   these- succeeding  years   that   the   whole   might of  Britain was required lo meet the  rising power when the  Corsican  adventurer, Napoleon who forced  all the hhiropeaai  coiintrieis  into  alliances neutral or   hostile   and  tilled   nearly   all   Ihe  thrones of  ISurope wilh  his   relatives.     Al  Walerloo his bloody career came  to an end and  he   was   exiled   to  St. Helena whore; for the remainder   of   his   life   he   was   left,  to  ruminate over tho  miseries  and  bloodshed his   unbridled   ambition caused to the world.      These  great, events bore upon tho slate  of  the   North American possessions.     The  wars  witli  Prance  were ended and Britain was  left  in undisputed possession of what  was long known as British North  America.    These  voyages  were  full  rather  of romance and adventure than of any real  practical  result but they  opened up  terror.    Passing over the Kootenay   country   he descended   thc  Quesnel where  his  cauqe  upset  and where he lost his ten  years'  valuable   collection   and   nearly  his   life  as   well.     These   were  hitler disappointments but   with  a  stout  heart   ho  retraced very  much   the  same ground   and in  lw'o years returned,     lie   landed  at Honolulu and with his faithful  dog   wandered   over   the   island  when he fell into a pit in   which  a wild bull had been   entrapped.  His dog fell in and was   immediately trampled under the feet of  the bull.    He sadly loft the place  and   thinking   fo  have  one last  look at tho remains of his  faithful  dog,   he  slipped^ in himself  and met  the  same fate.    Thus  tragically   ended the 'career of  the man  whose  I large  cities  now, and   have the I  nucleus of towns destined'yet to  be great/prosperous and important,   the homes   of   thousands  who  will  live  in  a law abiding  and  law  enforcing  community.  A   word   in'.conclusion  for   the  pioneer press.      The Prospector is  a  good   example.of what indifa-  tigablc energy may  accomplish.  The  early  original   copies were  typo-written.    Through the  energy  and  {duck  of its management it is now a very  creditably  printed sheet  containing a   full  iccount   of  the   progress, of the  country especially mining.     Wo  trust    that,    in   Ihe   very   near  future tho dreams  and' expectations of the staunch old   pioneer  may be realized.  Holiday  Excursion  Rates  FARE*?ONE THIRD  For Round Trip  PQR CH RTSTMAS  Tickets ou sale  Dec." 23. i'4, 25  30,000 Acres Farm Lands  1 o '  , Iii the far famed Kootenay Valujy for'Sale on easy tprms  of payment., Prices ��2,50 Per ACiu- and upwards. In'dose  proximity to the Crow's Nesx Railway.  Lots  in   the town of Elko are now on the market, prices S50  and upwards according,to situation. ' ,"    '  Elko   boasts  of  the  biggest water   power   in   South   East"  Kootenay; and  will  be  Ihe junction of the Crow's Nest Southern  Kail way. -    , h,  Correspondence Solicited.  IHarysville,  B. C  BALE & SMALL,M  Proprietors 1-  FOR    N E'W  December HO, :!I.  YEARS  and Jan.  1st  The Pioneer Hotel.      Comfortable Bedrooms.  First Class Dining Room.  Best Domestic and Imported Liquors and Cigars.  All Tickets Good to Return Till  January 3rd, 1902  Tourist Sleeping Cars  ever be preserved by  the name  of     those     mag  "Douglas fir".   There are scores  Prospecting for Minerals.  In prospecting for minerals  tho first thing to bo ascertained  is, whether there be any mineral  in that locality, and of what description       Tho   next epiestion   iv^  ^ will be as to the precise sjiot in  name  will for-1 which,   it is  most likely  to   be  CliOWS  NEST  SECTION  l'\ir St. Raul unci  Tuesday  Friday '  I'Yidiiy onh  iuul Boston.  Ml U. S. I  Soo  Line  'oints  Poi-onto. Montruiil,  b\)v time; lablu.s. i-atosj and complete  information call on .'or write D.^ai-esl,  C. P. K. AjjoiU.  [found.    Suppose we wish to find  magnificent     trees I ffal<i"a' which is known,to be   in  J. S, CARTER,  Dis.' Pass. Agt.  .   Nelson.  E. J. COYLE,  A. d. P. A.  Vancouver  the  ocean  to  the  knowledge of I   ��   nAU~ <.    ,^~���  , ,     . .    .. , 01   others    whose   names   have  those who,m after years became k.       �����      ���,,���       ,    , ,   ,   ,  .,    ��� . ,   .     -, .      ���; been forgotten who have led the  the pioneers of trade and  com  merce.      ��� >  Much more important   as to  . immediate results were the explorations     of     these   intrepid  landsmen, Fraser, McKenzie and  Douglas.    These hardy pioneers  in the service of the great Hudson's Bay Company.���the pioneer  of   pioneers���pushed   westward  over trackless prairies and seas  of mountains to open up communication with the natives  to se  way over the mountains and  up  and down the streams of British  the vicinity, we musty.in order  to insure success, know the ac:  companyiug formation, that is,  the rock in which the mineral is  embedded;    knowledge .of   this  i Fort Steele "Cigar Store ����  SE Fort   Steele.   B.   C. ~S  || WHOLESALE & RETAIL DEALERS i=f  ~^ In Cigars, Cigarettes. Pipes and Tobacco. ^5  ������ ,     Finest Variety of Pipes and Smokers Outlit j^S  J^: In the District, Including Meerschaum, B.  B. B. ;=2  ��~ Alpha, and Other Brands. j^3  j��~ Imported and Domestic Cigars at Lowest Prices. rrS  ������ Billiard and Pool Parlor and Reading j~5  ~ Room iu Connection. -~~  BC. M.  180(1.  MINT KRAI. ACT,  (POIIll   F.)  CJBRTIKKJATB'OF' IMPItOVKMKN'I'S.  NOTICE.  Columbia and the great north- character multiplies the chances  west. The search for gold was of finding the mineral. In many  the chief incentive. Those -who cases we select the rock accom-  ti-aversed the Baloon Country, Paying the; mineral, or such a  Cariboo,    were     rewarded   and  vein of dead .mineral  as  has  an  those who, searched along the  Kootenay, Wild Horse and Perry  creek no doubt reaped in a  measure the reward due their  labors.-   The two Prench-Canad-  "lYIIDAS"   MINERAL   CLAIM.  . SiUiiilc In the Fort Stuulo Mining  Division  of Kiist, Kootonny District. '.  Wliero locutucl: On Iioulilor Creek, u tributary of Wild Horse Croelt.  Take notice that I, William H. Ross, Free  Miner, Agent for 1'. C Andrews Free Miner,  It. .1. McKenzie Kreo Miner and 11. H. IJrowne  Free Miner, intend sixty days from the date  KEEP,  Proprietor.  J. TAENIJAUSER.      3  . Manager. ~3  ians   who   went overlands and | buried, belong to  the  stratified  . �� .vv. ......v.,  ,iwmi  siiij  uays  irom the date  extensive range,  no   matter   llOW   licrcor, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  tar, how high or how low it may  be from the supposed vein. We  judge the distanced and if the  rock wherein the mineral vein is  Certificate or Improvements, for the purpose  of putainiiiK a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 5th day of August, 1901.  32" W. R. ROSS.  Tho Whole Sfory  in o. letter :  "PoiinXiUer  (I'EltltY   IlAVI.s'.)  From Cnpt. F. Iioyo, Police Station No.  B, Montreal:���''\V<! "freijuciitly ut'':J'r.mtv  l)AV!y'PAiN-Kn.i.Eit for7>u("�� in tlie stomach, rhcumatiitm, vttjrneHs, /rout bilrs, chilblains, r,ramj)8, and rill alllictionH which  befall men in our position. J have no hesitation in Baying that 1'ain-Kh.lek it the  best remedy to liave near at hand." '  Used. Internally and Externally.  Two Sizes, 25c. and 50c. botUes.  HIGH WARDEN & SON.  PIONEER  BARBER, SHOP  Everything Strictly First Class.  Next door to the Prospector;  :���:�����<���,. THE PROSPECTOR. FORT STEELE, B. C,  DECEMBER :>'.  1001.  1.".  B��  lift.,,.  lit"  ft,  IS)  ��he JJro^ejcior  S.\ I'.'KU.W.   DKCKMUKIIW. I'-'t'l.  The Crow's Nest.  The origin of ihe name of   the  pas.-,   through   which the Kootenay brunch of Ihe Canadian   Pacific   i ail way   ,sy.-,tcm    takes   its  course,).-, commonly supposed   to  be connected with ihe laying and  lialching   receptacle  of   a   well-  known bird of a sable hue. However sad the discovery may be lo  the cai-toonisls il is only   in   the  cause   of  Inith   lo  say   thai the  eastern ideas o'li'the point are as  usual far astray.      As   with   ihe  majority  of   western   names the  ���'Crow's Nest Pass" is a transhi-  tion of the Lndian   name   applied  to   tho   pass   belore   the   white  man's day.      Tho  derivation  of  ihe   name  as  given   by   the red  skin medicine men is that a large  party   of   Crow     Indians    tool*  'refuge in the pass when pursued  . by their enemies,   the  Blackfeel  who   came   upon ' them   in  their  "nest" and slaughtered .thenf to  a man.  Hence the ���'Crow's Nest"  There is material enough in  the"  Indian legends of Alberta to -till  a   volume.     Just   to  the northwest of the grand curve made by  the Crow's-iNost Railway just be  fore  it enters  the mountainous  country   stands i a   conspicuous  hill, known, a^ Massacre  Butte.  ���Many years ago the low country  'between  the 'Rocky  Mountains  and the Porcupine Hills  formed  a favorite passage' for, travellers  and       immigrants       northward  bound.    It is on'this route,  immediately under the butte  mentioned, that a party of'German  immigrants-were- massacred ' by  the  Indians.     Men, women .and  children, none were spared but a  fair-haired girl, who was   taken  away   to  the  south,   but, as the  story runs,   there  was so much  quarreling .over   her   that   the  chief - killed    her    to   prevent  further trouble, taking her scalp  "which 'is said   to  be among the  trophies  of the late chief, '.'Big  'Sun,',' to this day.     Some little  time ago there was dug up at  Pincher creek a skeleton   which  ' the doctor pronounced to be that  of a young female and which an  old squaw said was , that of the  last  victim of   the ' tragedy at  Massacre Butte.     Other names  of places in  Southern  Alberta  are redolent of the cowboy, such  as   'IWhoop Up,''   "Stand  Off,"  and "Freeze Out".     The Indian  name for Pincher  Creek means  high   wood   and    it   has    been  suggested  that  the   old- timers  should  take   advantage   of   the  rspirit of   the   change which is  now upon the land and call their  pretty village High wood.  Mines.  Mines arc tho subterranean  treasures of nature in which Ihe  Ominiscicnt Being his deposited  a portion of his bounties lo ho  developed and used by intellij-enl,  'man. Mining, improved lo its  utmost extent,, is an i'-l in which  all the lights of science, nil 'Uncapacity and (lilligence of man  find their application. In the  Dominion of Canadi:) milling operations are of too r<cetil, an origin to present any of Ihe master  pieces of the art. Il requires  ages, tho lapse of joi'turies lo  develop such subterranean structures as can be found in the old  world, in Mexico and the United  States.      ;   ;';'���    : ' '   '.  ;  .  An extensive . subterranean  mine is a grand and curious  structure, and possesses many,  beauties which are understood  only by ��� the initiated.. These  cannot be made the ��� subject of  panoramic views like the terres-  , tial beauties of nature, and one,  therefore, not accessible to the  multitude; as a means of education and enjoyment. In. subterranean mines there is poetry, a  high religious pOe'���ry. The  miner in his lonely chamber is  constantly reminded of the  bounties at his disposal, it/ud the  assistance that he needs from ii  higher power than that what  man can bestow. We regret exceedingly that it is not permitted  us to luxuriate iu the description i  of   mining   to   its   lu'llist extent.  Our aim is to be useful,   and   we  shall   trivo   tin-   readers   of Till-:  Piioki'KCTOK. Jrom lime to time,  many  oj   the    leadim:   features  pointed out   bv   jjeolonw    which  will   help   the    prospeclor    and  miner   to   tind   the   piace   where  iuiiier.il deposit-, mav he located.  There are vast quantities of use  ,  fill and valuablciiiiiierals in this'  province, which are so profusely I  distributed above the water level ,  of the valleys, that, there is very |  little prospect ol   any   extensive |  operations belxiw that level for a  number of years, at least   so  far  as the general production is con-  corned, for ihe mineral resources  of  South   I'Jasi    Kootenay,   (The  I'^ort Steele mining diswict.) are  so vast, and the me ms of reduction and' trnnsport.it ion so  limited, thai a iiuiubc' ofyeiirs   must  elapse   before   ilie   nece-sity   of  deep   initiing   occurs.      But   we  trust  that  iu   ihe, nea'j-   inline,  when we have reduction   works,  and     increased     lae.ilities     for  transportation,'or a home, market  for the ores of ihe district, we  shall see the Fort Steele district  take a most prominent place in  the mining industries ol ihe  world.  Rel.eve tnose Inflamed Eyes!|  s Rxtratcii  lloiliuxl onc-hiuf with puru Mift vviilcr,  Hpl Jic-d i M|iH.nlh vvji.i djuppi-r or cm' i up.  tin- c n^'i Hum �� i,l I e ri'iiiovtiiiiiiii ilii'jiujii  lunl ii,j..'inm, illiin ni-l!.jilh iclicvtij. '  < .*. I'TIO",-!���.*.^oi'1   i'u i^ertnis ir- i  ril:K.:-^,ll llc-li  Ii'iisi-I pri-paritlsoi.s j  il. ,,ii-   c-i.l.'.l   In  l.c   "'clir   -a in i    n������� l  ir.i i *' i  XI-*11 iii-i   uljjrli   c-iisii;,    nuiir  ,i.. 1 tM'iifni.o I'oniniii '���\��-���><>il ali-o-  KIM  R L  Tlie    Coming , Town   of  East  Kootenay.  ROYAL  HOTEL  KIMUKRLEY.  B.  C.  Thc  I-'inesi   Liquor? and  >      C'iyju fe ;ind  IJu.-i Kiu-ni.-liod  Kooiiim in Town. ''  J.   r.   GATES,   Prop.  ���His Nibs'- Thc Editor.  ^i��ri5"4p-f''-/';-'';-ifJ-'.C^i',.'-'    '��� ~-.-��> .jf.-.' ,'. ���"  Near tlie famous North star  i en  B '0 and Sullivan Miners  A Limited Number of Lots for Sale  at Prices Ranging from  $125    To   $400  r ii J  NOW   IS   THE  TIME TO BUY as prices will  be advanced the first  of the v'ear. , �� n  i t fir ">  Apply to f   ���  Land Commissioner, C. P. R.  Winnipeg, Man., or to  BEAUE<&  Fort Steele and Kimberley,  a  KIMB-ERLE Y  The   Prospector   Outfit.  ��&&*^��-*��*&����&&&-����##����##&������fc&-��,fc��������#  IS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, AND HAS A  GUARANTEED 'CIRCULATION LARGER THAN  ANY OTHER PAPER IN EAST KOOTENAY, IT IS  ALL HOME PRINTED, ANDi CONTAINS DOUHLE  THE AMOUNT OI^ NEWS OF ANY PAPER IN THE  DISTRICT.  As   An    Advertising  "Medium    It �� Is  Un excelled.  ^frftfrttf^itffv->t&fr-f&v���-^-^-,frtv--vrv-rJ-ft$-*.  ifV  v*/  THE PROSPECTOR COVERS A  WIST  RICT  m  i>  f  EMPIRES, AND HAS A   f<  jj    LARGE FOREIGN CIRCULATION. JJJ  ,1b �� ' 1*  ,-t'-3-5^-5-3-3-3-5-2-S-2-3-S-2-2-S-3-3-2-3-3-3-2-3-3-3-?-2-=-S<^  lb    LARGER THAN SOME  '- Mi   :lr-~ -  '.&*.  ������-'}  The Paystreak Of Ad's In This Paper Pays Prom The (rrass Roots,  And Never Pinches Out, Stake One !     The Result Will Be To  Your Interest.  JOB PRINTING OF ALL KINDS NEATLY AND PROMPTLY  EXECUTED. ���-' ' . ...",. ���' ���    ���'���  c-~  MININGpHfIC  THIRTY-TflWTH YEAR.  24 Pages  :  Weekly   :,: Illastrated.  INDISF^JMSABLE  TO MINING MEN,  $3 PER YEAR, POSTPAID.  SEND KOIt SAMPLE COI'V.  MMNG-- Sdentific PRESS  330 MARKET ST., SAW FRANCISCO, CAL.  DILJSB ��& CROFTS  %  CONTRACTORS  All   Kinds   of  Brick   and   Stone   Work  BRICK and LIME For Sale.        PLASTERING Promptly Done 11  THE PROSPECTOK.  FORT STEELE.  B. C.   DKCEMHKK".-?'<  11)01.  WINDERMERE DISTRICT  Rich   In   Natural   Resources.���Mining,  Gracing,  Agriculture    and   Lumbering   Prom-  ~ in cut    Features.  HIGH    GRADE    SILVER-LEAD   ORES.  ".vXV'-'-  *'"-"\-"���/>-i^sA' '-  v-s^ftcj'^f^C:'V--    _  Tli o��  JoiK���.   Luc .111)'    .I'll I   111,-uUvTi  v' I' iiMviiso Mine.  H\ < . V. Nicnc^-c.i! roidiothe Paradise   mine,   and  i  The southern limit of the W n dui mj; ;ho roilowniir w iiuer took  dormere Mininir Division ���- at out -ome l.L"'o ion- of ore. Tin-'  Canal Flat about 40 miles north ore was uik<,n b\ - -leigb- o\ ei '  oi Foi t Steele, and th^ lUM-ihotn tiio wanon road lo Petorboro  limit i- in tho noiirhboi hnod oi Lauding ou the Columbia River.,  Bugaboo Crook, about to mile- and in ihe -pimg oi H'"l wib'  south ol (loklen Tho watei -lied , taken by steamei to Golden andj  ol fb,o, Selkirk Mountain ��� anue i- i shippon b\ rail to the smelter at j  the-western   boundary,   while to | Tij.il i  thc casl il extends to the Uoekios j     The manasreniont oi the Upper  n this Mining Division   Ihe Col    Columbia   Navigation   Company  umbia and Kootenay Ri\ers ha\e  their source. Iho Columbia   flowing northward as fur us Ihe   Bi��  '    Bend, wherent swings weslwaid  O        and to the-south, while) lie Kootenay Hows -oiliii. with but a nar-  <  row; .-Irip ol low  land  -opji.it ing  the two id earn-  at   Canal Flats  Tho \alIcy through   which lhr-e  I wo wuler course-- have their respective   channel-   is   wjde .and  lerlile, and ni(places   i-   heavily  r < inuhojocl wilh   Jir,   pine,   spruce  and l.iinarack.  'Tu<: unnculiiii.il possibilities  have aijeady ben rA'ogni/od.  :i,ti<I -uc-h ranches as arc under  cull ival ion have a ready mark-el  in the di-ti-K I loi all then produce-. .Slock raising i- ai-o a-  suniiiincon-idei able propoi t ion-  There is abuiulaucc ol iced    and  had the contract of taking the  ore from the Paradi-'e mine and  placing it on thc"car.- at Golden.  Tin-3 was accomplished at a, cq_st  ol about ���--'.I per ton At the tune  o1 writing, about twenty men are  employed at the Paradise' mine,  the purpose of the owners being-  lo thoroughly develop their pio-  pei'ly. only taking out such ore  a- may be necessary in carrying  on the work.  Duniiii September last the Silver Belt property, which adjoins  the Baradi-e. shipped a car load  ol ore which yielded i!.'!S ounces  in silver to the ton. The wag  on road was then, last summer,  extended some nine miles further  up Toby Creole, until it reached  North Fork Creek Messrs.  Hammond   and   Bruce   own   thc  Iho chin.He is so mild  that c attic | pelphine property, located some  and hor-C'sjie lelt   to   -hit"   lor  -,.-.% on mile- from   the   mouth  ot  lhenisei\e- Ihiouiili, w inter   and ' Xorth Fork, and ha\ e contribut  are rounded up   m ihe   -pi inn m t,ci two-thn ds t he co-t of a sleigh  good condition.-   ' I road   fioni   the   wagon   road   to  Tho chief source oJ wealth oil tho mine, and will this winter  the Winduimeio di-twct how , take out about s" tons oi ore  ever, will bo in the mineral' The M T Fraction, adjoining  lodges that are now undrniiom" the Delphme. -enl a car load of  primal v de\elopineni -Mineral oi e to the smelter this fall, and  has been di-covered on the we-l reah/'jd over ^on ounces of silver  -ide of the Columbia Haver troni   to ihe ton  Ihe -outhem to the northei n Theie are othei properties  limits olthedi-ti id b'.i tin- -ec (li()m. Toby Creek which, with  tion wheie the mo-t niuijeio'.- ^,,i|- m]i,i,i bu able to ]iroduce  ledges luue been disCoM-M.ed. unci   f)r0 lor sh,pmeiu. and will dcnibt-  ' when-'o the. greatest, develuptnem c j(,ss ;n ,i||l0> join the''rank of  work has been done'-  i- thai part - >]-1j|.)ip(_.1'>.. .    ,  . bf the- District which   i- .drained    ' ^ .w.1���.,���, -. TO:id was . this last  , by the Tobv and Horse ���, Thief : sl!nfinef .coiistructeci from Peter-  Creeks. 'In tact all the proper- b()ru .���j-, Horscj Thief Creek to ihe  ties from which, shipments���..Ini.ye .-1.-J-Jout|1 ft ^Jacdonald Creek, The  beehmade are reached by-follow- j\x;i x-< i011 tl j cl Creek Mines people?,  ing the valleys of these two trybu- ;\u rheir own expense., connecting  ..taries-of the .Columbia. \,il\e. mine' witlr i.he   road   by  a  Promising'prospec.ts havi> been ;.sleigh j-(jad. A considerable  located on Dutch Creek- No- - i force of men are eiigagc^djin de-  .' Creek and Bugaboo Creek. The \ yeloping this-. pro])erf,y.. and a  work done on the. properties on I considerable cpiant.ity of cjre will  these tributaries is only what is .''betaken out. tlie amount depeiid-  ref|.uired .by law l" hold them. ; ing 'upon wha.l, the eonijiany feel  the lack of transportation   being : dispose^!   to ship   U)(ide.r   present  ���' tlie prime source'of'inactivity. Transportation facilities. Dovol-  ]n the summer of.' l!,ll(l '.liio.; opumiit has l;c-en in |irogre.ss for  (;ovc:'i-ni)icnt const i-ucted a wag'-'i ov;r a your, and a'.large body of  on road up Toby Creek- from 'ore, h:is 'oc-en'bloCkc:d c.ut.  the lown of I-?eterVjoro to .S|M-j.ng . The Silver King, which -is ii.n-  CnJk. a distance of some eleven iler bond to I lie .Macdonald Mines  mile's,' Messrs- il- C. Hammond j Co., is being'developed,  u.nd Kandolpli Bruce-constructed      The Horse   Thief wagon   road  a i  ���a w' hide trail from  the  wagon  affords easv access )<  lie claims  Paradise    IVIine -Windermere    District.  H  . j;-'.v'fv'  ��� y- t&M  fe:,  H^#:  Paradise Mine - l\To   1 Tunnel.  ' >IMW -. * i^' . 'i  r&J-ffi-* 'i*~M  Paradise Mm,?���No. 4 Tunnel  Oif   Shift.  No. 4 Tunnel  ��>  WKj..-'^". '  'iy.^'vfr "-K ���������  <-- \tvw#. ir^f:...,::;;.-' ���:;..,. .  Underg-round View Inclined Shalt.  Manag-er R. Randolph Bruce.  on Boulder and Law Creeks  which empty into Horse Thief  Ci-eek. On JJoulder CYeok are  ������the Delos." ���'Sitting Bull group  of claims" "Alps " aJul " White  Cat.*' Those properties luncex-  cellont sui-face showings, and ��  only rerpjire work todemonslrale  their value. On Law Greek are  Ihe ,rSilver Th'read.'' "Paying  Teller," and on Macdonald Creek  are  Tecuuiseh.  Tuscumba,"'  "Sweepstalces," ''Silver Pass,''  and other pi-operties awaiting  capital or cheaper transportation.  - The assay value ol the ores of  the district are exceptionally,-'  high, and ihen on properties  Willi as good stij-J'aco showing as  can be found in any mining camp  in tlie I'j'ovineo, but as,>ot il has  not become the I'a-hion lor in-  vesloj-s lo pick up tho good ihings  that are to be had in this district.  The' gi'cabmajoi'ity of theowners  have not the means to develop  their properties all are conlent  with performing their annual  dssessmen t work*.  The properties from which ore  has been shipped have paid hand-  .somely, and the number of protit  producers will j-apidly fncrease  with the advent of capital and  railway. Even under the p-.esent  handicaps, each succeeding season sees increased activity in the  district both in agricullure and  in mining.  The silver lead properties of  course predominate, still there  is a considerable i|vanlity ol cop-  pei1 ore ot good value, but a- yet  the ledge- lack' development.  Cold. loo. dias been found in association wit Ii'thrj copper In  close proximity to the ledges intrusive, eruplive rock masses  may be iound which are consid- c  ered good indications for depth  ol ore bodies. With ample water  power, abundant timber, and a  climate that is iinsiu'passed for  heallhiuhiess. it i.- only a question of the time if will take for  thecinvesting public, which has  lost heavily of late m speculative  mining, to le.irn to distinguish  the dillorence between legitimate  anil speculative ventures., before  life Windermere Mining Division  will receive the attention due to  the richness ol its natural ro-  souj-ccs c'  ASSAYING  c. K. Xienoi.so.v.  ri7ii.un6noi.'i.ii. I-5 V.  (Licensee. u\  1'njv. uienl C.ovuiinnent )  Cold and sihei s_\U0  Sihor and luiul g.00  (.���old. sihoi and Lcijipi-r .{.00  (���old. -ilM'r. loud and coppi'i. 1.00  Sample?  loll   uitli   Cai-lin \   nni'iclc  \\ill i-cc-cimj proni])i aileiition.  w \ntki)-tuijst\voi:tiiy .mun-  AND WOMEN lo Ir.ncl and achortUo  loi old (j-t.il)li-licjil hciiisv^ oT-olid Iiikui-  cial-t.iiicliii<!. S,il,u'_\ s7Mi ,L ynr and  expense-, .ill pa\alile in cash No eau-  \.i-smo I'ecpiii-cd (.'n e relei c ileus and  uiielo-c -ell :icldios-(d -liimpuil en  volopi.    ^Sddi-ess Mjui.igec. .'!"��� < 'a.xLon  lilcl^ , Cllll\l;j(l.  -of Cod Liver Oil  filVC YOU UN APrETITEl  TONE YOUR NERVES!    .  MAKE YOU STRONG!  MAKE YOU WELL!  Dr. HurKOH., Mod. Snjit.iif llvi, Prut, ili.spit'nl  fiir Iiihivni.-, .Mmitrvnl,' |irescril,|.s il, ciiiuituiiljy  iiiwl rives us jiermit-bi,��n tu vi?-*, his iiimit-.  -Mish Cliirk, Svipl.. (inv.K   Ilospitiil. Toronto,  Avrilt-stlH-yh.'.vi:/ilho vit.<:(lit..vi(lv tile ln.ht results.  ,'jO.-. nncl $1.00 liollics. '  DAVIS 4' UWKKXOE CO., Limited.  .  ADVERTISE.  .     IN  THE PROSPECTOR.  TO THE DEAF. .  ' A rich lady cured oi' her Deafness and Noises in the Head by  Dr. Nicholson's' Artificial Ear  Drums, gave '���$10,000 to this Institute, so that, deaf people unable to procure the Ear Drums  may have .them free. Address  No.'H5.1.H. .The--Nicholson Institute. 780. Eighth Avenue.  New York. U. S. A.  I  if  %  .!  Hi"  ���M  Ei!',!',!!>'��i.  |i;i;!iil!'  m  i  m  m  u':  I^B  4MM  Iii Uv  THE PROSPECTOK.  FORT STEELE,  B. C,   DECEMBER 28,  1001.  The  Waldorf  FERNIE. B.C.      Old Town.  SPLENDID ACCOMMODATIONS.  Sample-Kooms for Commercial Men.  No Traveller Should Pass the Door.  If You Patronize the   Waldorf You Will Never Regret  It.  M. A. KANOUSB,  Rroprietor.  Tlie Central Hotel  Fernie, British Columbia.  (FoimeiJy   Known  a- tho Ciow's Nest.)  This hotel has lately bi>eu lilted   up  in   tiistcla-s   stu\ le   and  i* open for the accommodation of guest- " "  cigars.  The bar is-locked  witliQalI   the   linest   wine-,   liquor-   and  Mrs.    Jierirjirjos,     Prop.  c    c  o  1  Joyce Bros'  Clothing  Emporium  *   FERNIE. B. C.   * ;  LXG6H6HI)   GiOllliOQ     nirMma!'   Cluth-ny     ii/'thg1  sense that it bring- good cheei to the hearts of nil   wearers  The quality is the same that has made our stoic famous. \  Christmas  IlintS In om stpek are the rule, not the exceptidn  Good things beam on the visitor from every point.  Joyce    Bros'   Slater  Shoe    Agency  Northern  FERNIE, B. C. WM. ESCHWIG. Prop. -  '   1 *  "Pirst-class accommodal ion     Bar supplied with only the best  ol liquors and cigars . <���  c,  Thirly-Four    Rooms  'lllvery model 11 coin enience      Hath rooms.    Barber shop and  lOlec'n ic,1 Lights ,  1  J. F. JARVIS  FERNSE, B. C  Groceries, Dry Goods  and Furnibhings of  Ever}   Description.  Our  .Stock   is   Full . and   Complete  and  will  be   oJlercd   at  moderate prices  A Cordial Welcome Is Extended to all Our Friends  J. F. JARVIS FERNIE, B. C.  Established   1898,  Sto\es.   Furnaces.   Tin  ware, Etc.  F^BRINIE. B. C.  Manufacturer of  Galvanized iron, sheet iron stove pipes and  copper-ware.    Buildings heated and ventilated.    Hydraulic and air pipes for mines':"-'.'  Special   Attention    Paid   to   Job   Work,  Royal   Hotel  W. W. TUTTLE, Proprietor,  Fernie, B. C.  Rates $2 Per Day  Strictly   First-Class.  __Sainple Uoom- lor t'ominei'cial Travellers     Cuisiiio unexcelled.      Hath Rooms     Uot Air [Jeatin<>  lOlec-u ic lighted. ��  Bar Supplied With Only Best Liquors aud Cigars.  Barber Shop and Billiard. Room In Connection.  The  FERNIE, 13. C.  Alberta  GEO. LEVASSEUR, Prop.  Hotel  Rates $2 Per Day.  &  Re-built and   re litted  tlu-oug<>t       Special attention to commercial travellers.    Smcial sample  rooms.      Dining  room   unsurpassed.      Hot  and  cold water throughout.     Hot air heating-     liuth room  Barber shop and lavatories in conned iou. ,  Bar   Supplied    witH    First-Class    Goods.  E  J. PELTIER & GO.  Wholesale Dealers In  WINES/ LIQMORS3   BEERS  Imported    eirid     Dorrnestie    Cigeirs  Sole AoentS For Fernie and District.    SchiltzBecr, the beer that  .���, made Milwaukee famous.  H. W. NERCH/AER,  11 vi uisi 1 i.'.   ��?����i.ici iou  iMI \<>l \K\    |>| in |(  Snlu'iiiii- fir.  ( i.ivv     NV-.I   |'iss c't>.il ( (iinpuiv  <   in.1.Inn  llnnK 11I  ( iitinix k 1  J'URN IK,  15   (J  .1  A   II n\i \   s  MiCmui  ���I  s T   \li \ mill 1  Harvey, McCarter & Alexander.  IIAHIIMI.II.s, .-OI.ICIIOU.-;, iw.  KKR.NJK        ��� .1  '..'- .   :    .        .      u C<  Office:���Kocni :l Oiitlibui-iBlock, Viotorlii Ave.  Guaranteed $900  Yearly,  Henry Irving and Pharoah Cigars  Fernie, B.C.  THE VICTORIA.  Fernie, B.C., a Strictly First-Glass Hotel.  Under entirely new management; sample rooms for commercial men; large airy, well furnished  bedrooms; hot land cold water bath;, porter to meet all trains; telephone connection with station.  Rates $2 per day.   i The best of wines, liquors and cigars'.    An unexcelled cuisine.  H. J. Turner, Prop. ; , j. l. Gates, Manager.  Men ani women of good address represent ���Mi, some to travel appointing  agents, others for local .work lookin��-  after our interests, $900 salary guaran"  teed yearly: extra commissions and  expenses, rapid advancement, old established house. Grand chance for  earnest man or women to secure pleasant, permanent position, liberal income  and future. New, brilliant lines Write  at once.  STAFFORD    PRESS.  23 Ohui-th St., New Haven, Conn  READ.  THE PROSPECTOR.  11.-. ��


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