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The Phoenix Pioneer and Boundary Mining Journal

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 JAN 3-1005  s��"  ���*�����&  >m  t*  Ul  r-  Boundary Mines Pio-  duccd $10,000,000 in  value Within four years  ���  low  Phc:nix,is the Centre  and Leading Mining  Camp of Boundary.  AND  BOUNDARY   MINING JOURNAL.  Devoted to the Interests of the Boundary Mining District  Vol. VI.  PHOENIX, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SX'ilJpDAY,,DECEMBER 31, 1904.  'Mi 8 V  *P.-  -   *  ft 1  BOUNDARY -00^^0^0^  Output of District Approximately Estimated at 840,000 Tons of Ore  -���Brief Review if Situation.  A short review of the mining pro  gress of the Boundary for the year  1904 shows that the last twelve  months have been a period of decided  progress and encouragement to every  one in this section. In the last three  years the business of mining has been  brought to a more solid basis than ever  before, with results well calculated to  encourage those directly interested in  the industry. The real business of  mining, in short, was never in as good  a condition in the Boundary as it is  today, with every prospect of there being a steady and substantial increase  in the year to come. : More men are  working in the mines, more furnaces  are being operated at the ' three"dis  frict smelters, and better results, both  from high and low grade mines, are  being obtained.  PHOENIX  CAMP.  mine.' Anew ore crusher has been, enviable record among the high grade  installed, and while the; policy of tak- producers, has been worked steadily  ing out the ore from the surface quar- during the year, shipping regularly, dories, whence it could be most cheaply ing development, and   paying seveaa  i-V ���'���'>���.�����  :^}    . 'r'i  '''       >   i' '   '' "l"'?-?    -'.^,'i'     i-   >'���': ���     ;'���      *  v~ '..' .."v '�����-?.,ei<   ...'  ���-/.;-;'   -������'  : '���    '     ���''���  :!���?, -.���.-<; 1.-u vv>.r>:; ���  The last year has certainly been one  of no little progress in Phoenix camp.  At. the beginning of the year the Snow-  shoe mine was closed, and is still inactive, but those in a position to know  assert that this large and well developed property, with its million tons of  ore blocked but and 100,000 tons already broken down in the stopes, will  not Ion;; remain idle. Should the English capital interested in the Sriowshoe  not include the mine in the large Ross-  land mine merger, now proposed, the  property will doubtless be worked just  the same.  The Brooklyn, Stemwinder and  Rawhide'mines were started up last  summer, having been acquired by the  Montreal & Boston Consolidated, and  have shipped approximately 25,000  tons, of ore since operations ..were begun. ' The Rawhide only started shipping last week, but is confidently, expected to grow.into one of the largest  of Boundary's shipping mines. At  present its output is abbut 300 tons  daily, and this.week Jias; installed. tHe  first half of a 30 driiringersoll-Sargent'  air compressor to furnish power for  that mine and for the Stemwinder, almost adjoining. The statements given  out are to the effect that the best results ai.e being obtained from the ores  from these three mines at the company's Boundary Falls smelter.  Of course, the old reliable of the  Boundary, the Granby mines, have  been doing business steadily at the old  stand all through the past year, shipping steadily a little less than 2,000  tons of ore daily. The total shipments  for the year will approximate 550,000  tons from the Granby mines, all of  which has been reduced-at the company's smelter at Grand Forks.  During the year the Granby mines  have had in employment from 350 to  450 men steadily, and when the two  new large furnaces at the smelter are  installed, the force of men at the mines  and the output will be proportionately  increased. This will undoubtedly  happen during the next few months.  Improvements at the Granby mines  have been steadily going on du  1904, especially during the last half of  the year, in preparing for making shipments over the Great Northern railway. These improvements will run in  cost from $150,000 to $200,000, all  of which is being paid from earnings  of the company. They include the  new ore bunkers at the No. 3 tunnel,  where a large crusher is now being installed, with a total capacity of about  3,000 tons in 24 hours���a duplicate of  that in useat the Knob Hill mine for  the last two years. The trains of ore  from the mine at this level will also be  operated with an electric locomotive,  now on the ground, and other electrical machinery, of the latest type, is  also being installed for this outlet of  the mine.  On the 1 st of July, William Yolen  Williams, who had charge of the properties since the inception of work on  on them several years ago, resigned  from the superintendehcy of the Granby mines, and A. B. VV. Hodges,  superintendent of the smelter, was  made general superintendent for the  company, and O. B. Smith, Jr., who  had been engineer for several years, was  made mine superintendent.  It is anticipated that in the new year  other properties in or near this camp  will be starting operations on a more  or less extensive scale.  mined, has been followed steadily, development has also been going on to  some extent in the deep workings. An  important find of ore-was made in the  property quite recently that enhances  its value to a considerable degree, and  while it has Deen explored hundreds  of feet, its boundaries have not yet  been definitely determined. Mr. Hol-  man has made an excellent record in  taking out on an average of seven tons  of ore per man, including every man  employed in every capacity at the  mine'.'.   .-._ . I-���.":���;;-  ���',:��� The Sunset mine, also in Dead wood  camp, is owned by, the Montreal &  Boston Consolidated, and has only  been operated since that company resumed operations in ��� the Boundary.  The mine is well equipped with machinery, and this year-has shipped approximately 3,000 tons.  SUMMIT  CAMP.  In Summit camp several properties  have been worked during the last year,  including the Emma, Oro Dehoro,  Senator, Reliance, Lancashire Lass,  Brey Fogle, No. 37, and Mountain  Rose.  The Emma, an iron proposition  with copper values, has been worked  almost steadily, and has shipped approximately 38,000 tons of ore, mostly to Nelson aud Greenwood smelters,  some of it also going fo Grand Forks  and Trail, as well as Boundary Falls.  From 15 to 30 menjihave been employed here, the mine being owned  jointly by the B. C. Gopper Co. and  the Nelson smelter.    |  From the Oro Dentiro about 16,000  tons of ore. have beenVshtpped during  the year past. In the;early, part of the  year the mine was; ogerated on quite  an .extensive scale^ii^ut latterly the  forceo^OTer^ Jias been reduced and  shipments have been in accordance.  The ore was sent to the Granby; smelter at Grand Forks.  The Senator, under bond to the  Granby Co., has been shipping to the  Granby smelter, while the shipments  from the other mines referred to have  been small, if any. It is reported that  theB. C. mine, in Summit camp,  which has in the past shipped about  100,000 tons of some of the best ore  from any Boundary mine, is likely to  be reopened at no distant date.  operate alL machinery, while the last  named uses steam for trie present.  Between 400 and 500 men are given  steady employment at these three  smelters,  FRASF.R-YOUNQHUSBAND WEDDING.  DEADWOOD  CAMP.  Deadwood camp's most important  mine is now and always has been the  Mother Lode, owned and operated by  the British Columbia Copper Co.  Work has steadily progressed at this  property under the superintendency of  S. C. Holmanj the force of men running from 65 to 100. In the twelve  months the property has shipped to  the company's smelter at Greenwood  close to 200,000 tons of ore, being  nearly 50 per cent, more than for the  previons year.  Improvements have also been the  order of the year at the Mother  Lode  WELLINGTON  CAMP.  In Wellington camp there has been  little progress this last year. The well  known Golden Crown and Winnipeg  mines, having gotten into financial  troubles, have remained closed; but the  Athelstan, which was sold to the Montreal & Boston Consolidated last summer, was operated for a time, sending  out during the year 'some 4,500 tons  of ore, mostly to the Boundary Falls  smelter. As the ore must be hauled  on wagons a mile or more to the Winnipeg spur, the cost of which is equivalent to a fair profit alone, it is likely  that during the coming year a tramway  will be built to the Great Northern  railway, which runs not far from it in  the valley below.  OTHER   PROPERTIES.  In addition to the properties just  mentioned, there are a few others that  are preparing to do extensive development. Notable among these 'is the  Betts and Hesperus mines, located on  Hardy mountain, several milus from  Grand Forks. At this property an air  compressing plant is now being installed and the Chicago men operating  the property propose to -do extensive  development on the large ore bodies  they have so far uncovered.  In Franklin camp, some fifty miles  up the North Fork of the Kettle river,  considerable activity has also been  shown this year in the way of preliminary development on a number of  claims, notably the McKinley, Banner,  etc., and those who have been there  assert that this camp will come to the  front very largely in due time.  Up the West Fork, development and  some shipping is being done, and when  a railway is built there next year, it will  be favorably heard from.  HIGH  GRADE  MINES.  thousands of dollars in dividends to the  shareholders.    Adjoining  the Prnv '  ence, the Elkhorn has  marie   "    ..   .;  good a record, and like ihe l'r'y%y:  seems to impro\ ��� with'di .": ' ���'  '' :' ' >  The E.P.U. has been ope- -*ed continuously, shipping ore ami making  money for the owners. Nearby the  Bay claim has been worked and some  of the richest Ore, in the district found.  The Silver Cloud and the Silver King,  also near the E.P.U., have been worked  and given good results.  A most significant fact, however, is  the comparatively recent resumption of  operations'on the Skylark and Last  Chance���two mines that were operated  wi'tn profit years ago, and have lain  dormant since. The Skylark, since it  was taken under bond by a syndicate  of Phoenix men, has fully held up its  reputation of ten or twelve years ago,  and has slready shipped three cars of  fine ore. The. Last Chance is also  shipping right ajong. ,  Other properties in the high grade  belt thatr have been taken up and developed 'with good, results are the  Helen, Barbara, Strathmore, Combination, and the Gold Bug and others will  soon be in the same category. High  grade mining has certainly been made  a success in the Boundary, and Is an  important, part of our industry.  NEARLY  840,000   TONS.  In giving figures of the tonnage out  put of Boundary mines for the year  1904, it should be remembered that  definite figures from all the mines cannot be obtained till a few days after  the 1 st of the New Year. Accordingly,  the following figures are subject to revision, but are believed to be approximate correct:  Mine. Tons.  Granby;Mines .............. 545,000  Brooklyh-Stemwinder'.'.'. ...     25,000  Rawhide ...... ..........       2,000  Mother Lode; ............198,000  Sunset.._.,. ................      3,000  Emma .     38,000  Senator ..'...............      5i5oo  Oro Denoro,.............    16,000  Mountain Rose .;.        1,800  Athelstan-Jackpot       4,500  High Grade mines        1.500  Miscellaneous shipments ....      750  Total for 1904...  Estimated value.,  ��� ���   839.95 0  $4,000,000  Particularly satisfactory has been the  showing made by the high grade mines  of the Boundary in 1904. Those that  have made previous records in .values  have improved upon them, while several have been added to the list, with  a good prospect of remaining thereon.  To ship carloads of $75, $roo, $150  or $200 ore is no uncommon thing  with such mines as the Elkhorn, Providence, Skylark, E.P.U., Last Chance,  etc. As it has been expressed, there  has scarcely been a blank among the  high grade mines during the past year,  nearly every one of them turning out  most satisfactorily.  The Providence, which has held an  : WORK   OK THE  SMELTERS.  Ten furnaces are now in full blast  in the three Boundary smelters, namely, six at' the Granby, two at the  Mother Lode, and two at the Montreal & Boston. They are handling  approximately 3,000 tons of ore daily,  or about 90,000 tons per month, or at  the rate of over 1,000,000 tons annually. This ore, figured at an average  value of $5 per ton, is worth $5,000,-  000.  The Granby smelter, has been running its battery of six furnaces almost  steadily during the year, handling a  considerable amount of custom ore  beside the the company's ore from  Phoenix. Roughly, this smelter is  turning out a million and a half  pounds of copper bars per month.  The announcement h s been definitely  made that in the next few months two  more furnaces will be added, at a cost  of some $125,000, giving a capacity of  about 2,700 tons of ore daily when  they are installed and in running order.  At Greenwood, the I!. C. Copper  Co.'s Mother Lode smelter has been  operated steadily most of the year with  its two furnaces, putting through'about  208,000 tons of ore. An important  addition was made to this smelter  when the two stands of copper converters were installed last summer, doing  away with the necessity of sending  away the copper matte for bessemeriz-  ing. This has proved a great saving  to the company, they also treating the  copper matte f.r the Montreal & Boston and Trail smeiters. The an  nouncement is made that this company  will also increase its furnace capacity  the coming year.  The Montreal & Boston's Bonndary  Falls smelter had its first furnace blown  early in October, and its second about  ten days ago, so that the run for 1904  has been short, a little over 30,000  tons of ore having been treated there  in that time. Here, also, as at other  smelters, it is said that the results have  been most gratifying to the management.  Before another six months rolls  around there is every prospect that  fifteen blast furnaces will be treating at  least 4,000 tons or more of ore daily  from Boundary's mines���as it is the  intention of all the smelters to increase  their respective capacities as soon as  possible. The first two named smelters  use  electric  power  from  Cascade to  Popular Youni Peaple tailed Here Last Ties-  day.  A very pretty wedding was solemnized in St. Andrew's Presbyterian  church last Tuesday, December 27th,  by the Rev. E. W. C. MacColl, when  Christie Anna Laurie, only daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Eraser, was  married to Viberl Gerald Younghus-  ! ���/'formerly of Phoenix but now of  I in.C.-'-.uii, Alberta.  .lomptly at twelve o'clock, the  bridal patty entered the church. The  bride who was escorted by her father,  was attended by Miss Helen Morfa'tt  as bridesmaid, and the Misses Irene  and Jean Crawford as flower girls,  while Abner Hillier acted as groomsman.:  The bride was handsomely a'tired  in a gown of white Japanese taffeta,  trimmed with chiffon. Her veil of  embroidered tulle was caught with a  spray of orange blossoms, and she carried a shower boquet of cream tea roses  The bridesmaid's gown was of bisque  colored peau de soie, over green silk  foundation, with touches of black velvet. The little flower girls wore  charming frocks of white silk, and the  attendants each carried boquats of  white chrysanthemums and carnations.  After, the ceremony a wedding break-  last was partaken of at the home of the  bride, on Granby place, when about  30 were present.  Since this was the fust wedding solemnized in this church a bible was  presented to the bride by the pastor.  Owing'to the popularity of both the  contracting parties the gifts received  were numerous and costly.  Mr. and Mrs. Ybunghusband left  on the afternoon train for their future  home,in Coleman. The bride's travelling costume was of a green homespun  mixture, trimmed with green braid,  and hat to match.  SNOW IN PLENTY  LITTLE WATER  wi  Another Warning:  From tta  Water Company.  MOST SE8I0USH CURTAILS SUPPLY  Consumers Must Re Careful About Waste, or  Waler Will Be Cut oil W^^^t���  Drought Eliecl In the EsskA C�� f��� ���  ���A  .V-  NOT A BILL WAS PRESENTED.  The City  Council  Appoints Isaac  Crawlord  Autitar.  ; Mayor Ramberger and Alc$. Boyle,  Bimie and Delahay were present at  Wednesday's meeting of the city council, and remarkable to state, not a bill  was presented for the city fathers to  pay.  A letter was read from McLeod &  Brown, of Greenwood, on behalf of M.  H. McQuarrie, threatening suit if  damages were not forthcoming for the  alleged closing of an alley in the lower  part of the city, wich is crossed by the  Great Northern. The city clerk was  directed to reply that the railway company had agreed to give an exit to the  lot in question.  Adolph Circu addressed the council  asking foi relief from the railway company for crossing Dominion avenue  within a few feet of his barn, thereby  endangering the property by fire, etc.  The council, advised by the city solicit  or, stated that the railway company  was the proper party for him to apply to.  Isaac Crawford was appointed city  auditor at the same salary as last year,  and it was decided to stir the water  and light company up for not keeping  the hydrants frrm freezing, and  stating that in cold weather they  should be examined daily.  The Hunter-Kendrick Co. presented  about 125 geese as Christmas presents  to their [xitrons in the city.  The third car shipped from the Skylark, which was sent to the Nelson  Smelter, gave returns of $140 to the  ton.  ./.I...i!<1uii)./Si  With the coming of winter, prVrbsd-  by a little wet weather, the water" con  sumeis of Phoenix may have received  the impression that all danger of a  water famine is ovei. Such, however,  is far from the case, and the city will  be indeed fortunate if the present supply in the lake lasts till the spring  thaw sets in. This applies equally to  the separate down town water system,  the supply for which is already exceedingly low. * J. L. Martin, manager;  of the light and water company, sends  the following note of warning:  Phoenix, B. C, Dec. 30/1904  To Residents of Phoenix:  It is with the deepest concern that.  a note of warning is again sounded in  in Phoenix with'reference to the wasting of water. It will be four months  before we can hope for a thaw that will  be of any material benefit to the  source of water supply. The drought  has been the severest ever known, and  the next four months has the additional  element of frost to close up the water  sources.  In order to give all patrons a chance  for water for domestic use, notice is  hereby given that where water is found -  running to waste, the tenant allowing  such waste will be cut off without  notice. We have a system of valves  on the general mains and after Jan. 1  wc may have to cut the system into  sections and allow each section  water for two or three hours a day  only. If strict economy is practiced  this may not become necessary.  Phoenix Electric '   "  Lighting Co., LrD.  The unprecedented dry season has  evidently been universal, east and;  west, as the following recent press dispatch regarding the direful effects of  the water famine will show:  Pittsburg, Dec. 28.���Drought long  continued, has paralyzed the industries'  of western Pennsylvania and eastern  Ohio mills are closed, mines are unable to opeiate and pioperty worth  hundreds of thousands of dollars is  at the mercy of flames. So univeisal  is the scaicity of water that many  towns throught the s-ection are without sufficient water for domestic  use. In Pittsburg dirty hands and  faces are the vogue, for the city: au--  thorities have cut off the supply to all  bathtubs. There scarcely is enough .  to drink, and the water works has been,  able to maintain only one day's supply  ahead for the last week.  The Edgar Thompson steel works at  Bessemer have been ordered closed.'  The scarcity in Irwin and vicinity is in  its most serious stage and is costing-  the coal companies thousands of dollars a day. Workmen familiar with  the situation believe that the United  States Steel corporation will order  every furnace closed down within ten  days unless rain falls.  Latest Prices in Metals.  Xkw Yohk���Copner, i-ieetrolvtid,  75;@$15.25; hikc.^lS.lL'.'.jfe 15 25  Bar .Silver, (il;,!j  Lfiul, $4.00 ��t %\ 70.  *ll.  h  i  BOUNDARY ORE TONNAGE.  The following table given tlie ore shipments of Uouwlarv unites for 1900, for 1901, for  , aud 1904, as reported to the Phoenix Pioneer���  Summit   19,494  902, lor 1903,  Granby Mines, Phoenix  Snowshoe, "  Brooklyn-Stem winder  ��� Ktiwhide  'f Mother Lode, Deadwood  Sunset, "  Morrison,  B. O. Mine,  H. Bell,  Emina, "  Senator "  Oro Denoro "  Brev Fogle "  No.'37 "  Mountain Rose        "  Reliance  Winnipeg,    Wellington.  Golden Crown,       "  lUhelstan-Jackpot"  King Solomon, \V.Copper  No. 7 Mine, Central   (I City of Paria,     "  Jewel, Long Lake  fy Carmi, West Fork  Providence,   Providence  Elkhorn   Skylurk          Skylark-  Last Chance        ,,  K. P. U and Goldfinch  Ruby,   Boundary  Falls  Miscellaneous   Total, toiiis   Granbv Smelter treated,  G'wood  M.&B.       " "  1000      1901  64,533 231,762  297  5,340  1,731  150  99,034  802  47,405  650  1902  309,858  20,800  141.326  7,455  150  14,811  560  8,530  ���903  393,718  71,212  138,079  15.731  3,339  19,365  22,937  363  15,537  1904  544,160  24,603  1,94(1  198,416  3,003  37,660  3,358  16,389  222  364  1,717  33  Past  Week  10,620  1,920  1,800  3,424  4 SO  i  1,076  2.250  1,200  160  3,230  1,040  550  875  665  2,000  350  80  3.456  785  025  482  2,435  5,640  4,5S��  890  219  325  - e m  993  400  1(57  726  325  60  25  291  99,730 390,000 507.545  684,461  62,387 230.828 312,340 401,921  818,320  579.905  208,420  30.930  18.244 SOT,  10,850 V'J  '1  ���m  Hi  i  i  n  f r  ��� L  Si" I > J
People Notice the Difference
when they change from some ordinary tea to ■
There's something about Blue Ribbon that no other tea has.
That "something" is jnst quality, put there by methods of
manufacture and blending, the most perfect yet devised.
Try the Red Label and judge for yourself.
Rootenay Engineering' WorKs
.' "NELSON, B. G
Pounders and Machinists. Repairing: and Jobbing a Specialty.
Manufacturers for the Chavt.koud Doi'UIjK Koi-b Abbi.u. Tkamway System, Limitkd.
Iron mid Brass Caotings.    A large and complete stock
made to order on Bhort notice.   All
(•lasses of work furnished upon appli-
B. C. TRAVIS, Manager, *• ° ^^Vc.
Office and Works,
Foot of Park Street,
i ' t; '
The Phoenix Pioneer
And Boundary Mining Journal.
W. •. WILLCOX. Manaqcn.
Telephonu I Business office No. t«.
I Huxngtr't residence, No. 15.
*erYe«r |,i00
81s Month* _ ,.,j
II rou are sot > cubacriber to tbli piper, this
■ an InWtatlon to vou to become one.
for the efforts he puts forth. Nine
limes out of ten the same energy and
effort in other walks of life would bring
him many fold more returns.
break all previous
dary's output.
records  in  Boun
For the first time in years an equi
librium has been struck between public
expenditures and receipts in this   province—due to the reform measures in
stituted by the McBride government.
AdrertUlni ralei lurnubed on application.
t*gal notices 10 and 5 cents per line.
Vour weekly Insertions constitute one month's
^ .
Sal. Mil.
Tk«. Fri.
1 2 "
4  S
8  9
it 12
15 16
18 19
22 23
25 x6
29 30
There are well authenticated rumors
that a mail service will shortly be put
on between Phoenix and Greenwood
direct, by stage. Now, if Duncan
Ross, M. P.-elect, will secure some
customs facilities for Phoenix it will
be another mark to his credit.
A valuation of $4,500,000 on
Boundary's ore output foi 1904 does
not look so badly.
Potter Hros. iron squad on the
Great Noithern were able to eat their
Air Compressors    :    Rock Drills i
Commig»Ioner for UklnB. Ainu&rii,
  i>hoenix, b. «
Barrister and Solicitor,
- NOTARY PUBLIC."-— .-.,__
Hotel Balmoral  "
Cor, Mrsl& Knob Hill Ave.  I'HOENIX. H, 0
Christmas dinner in
Phoenix, as an-
When the legislative assembly meets
on the date definitely set—February
9th—a great deal of interest will centre on the deliberations of the members. Among the most important subjects to be considered is the railway
policy, which it is said will be a progressive one.
At this time ten blast furnaces in
Boundary's three smelters are icduc-
ing over 3,000 tons daily of Bouiidaiy
ores. Some time in 1905 this should
be increased at least 50 per cent.
Farmers, Mechsnics, Sportsman!
To heal and tofteu the skin and removegrcax
oil and rust stains, paint and and earth, etc., use
£!";. "Master Mechanic's" Tar Soap. Albert
Toilet Soao Co. Mfrs
Head Office and Works. '"
Hnuich Offices and Warehouses:
Tomorrow the year 1905 will be up-
- on us, the sum total of 1904 years having passed since the commencement
of the Christian era—since "Peace on
earth, good will toward men" was first
heard. Christmas has come and gone
' once more, and we are about to start
upon another turn in^the whirl of time.
On such an occasion it is fitting that
we should look'forward,, and .that we
should endeavor, to make and keep
resolutions.that will make the. world
the better for our being in it. The
making of resolutions is one-thing, and
the keeping of the same is another, but
there never was a better time for starting out right. Here are a few suggest-
tions in the line of resolves that may
be worth while:
Resolve that you will stand up for
your own town or city, and be as public spirited as your neighber when matters of general public interest come up
for consideiation. A long pull, and a
strong pull and a pull altogether will
accomplish,seeming wonders.
Resolve that you will not be in the
class of "knockers," the gentry that
find it difficult to see any good in anything that does not orginate in their
own narrow brains. Any man's country is better off without such people.
Resolve that you will do your duty
by your church and by your God. If
you are not connected with a church
of any kind, you are old enough to attend to it. You know this in the bottom of your heart.
Resolve that you will be an optimist
rather than a pessimist. A cheerful
man will always find a welccme in this
vale of tears, and can do much to
lighten his labers and those of others
with very little effort.
Resolve that you will think twice be-
before refusing to give deserving-aid
Will some good Grit kindly explain
the purity of politics in the Yukon?
With everything in their own' hands
for the election, the Liberals were
turned down good and hard in the far
north, which'is prima facie evidence
that the people at large would not
stand for Liberalism as exemplified in
the Arctic circle.
Seemingly, it is now, in order for the
army of railway followers, who have
been waiting for the announcement of
the location of the Pacific terminus of
the Grand Trunk Pacific, to literally
fold their tents and hie themselves to
Port Simpson—that is,. If the announcement published has any foundation in fact.
As there seems some probability of
there being a contest in the forthcoming municipal election, it. will be the
part of wisdom for, those ' desiring to
vote to see that theii names'are on the
city voters' list. Today is the last day
on which names can be placed on that
list. The-list itself, owing to the increased interest being taken in city
matters, promises to be twice as long
as that for the last city election.
John Houston has certainly succeeded in stirring up politics in his old
stamping ground by announcing himself as a candidate for mayor. John
has the knack of making enemies about
as easily as any-man, and yet, without
going into the merits of the question,
from the vantage point of disinterested
observers, there are,many who think
he will be Nelson's next mayor.
The Grand Forks Sun  is  a bright
February 9th is the date finally set
for the meeting of.the legislative assembly.
It is said that the B. C. Telephone
Co. will shortly begin the installation
of an exchange at Fernie.
The meeting of the British Columbia Live Stock Association is called
for January 4th, at Kamloops.
Every newspaper in the Okanagan
is raising its voice, in cold type,
against the tri-weekly service now being given that section by the C.P.R.
The new Great Northern S. S.
Minnesota has arrived at Victoria'on
her maiden voyage to the Orient. The
vessel is 630 feet long, capacity 28,000
tons freight and 2,000 passengers.
She will sail January 21.
A commission to enquire into the
operations of the Provincial Assess
ment Act has been appointed, consisting of the president of the council, the
minister of finance, J. 13untzen of Vancouver, and D. R. Ker, of Victoria.
A cablegram has been received from
Hon. J. H. Turner, agent-general in
London, England, stating that at the
Royal Horticultural show of colonial
fruits, held in Vincent Square, Westminister, the society's gold medal, the
highest granted, was awarded to British Columbia fruit.
Be Quick.
Not a minute should be lost when
a child shows symptoms of croup.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy given
as soon as the child becomes hoarse,
or even after the croupy cough appeals,
will prevent the attack. It never fails
and is pleasant and safe to take. For
sale by all druggists.
Holiday-Midwinter Issue
tbstood   Other   Treatment    But   Quickly
Cored by Chamberlain's Cough Remedy.
"Last winter I caught a severe cold
which lingered for weeks," says J.
Urquhart, of Zephyr, Ontario. _ "My
cough was very dry and harsh. The
local dealer recommended Chamber-
lam's Cough Remedy and guaranteed
it, so I gave it a trial. One 25 cent
bottle of it cured me. I believe Chamberlain's Cough Remedy to be the
best I have ever used."    This   is one
Preparation? are now being
made for the publication of the
Holiday Issue of the Pioneer.
It is the intention to make the 4
number    even   more
than   last  winter's   issue
' met with such a hearty
1 all  over  the   Boundary,   and to  .
that end we invite the  co-oper. T
ation of every business and min- *
ing man in Phoenix.    The more
liberally it is patronized, the better it will be. ,
This number will be profusely
illustrated with half-tone' engravings of mining scenes,   business
1 houses, etc.
Sufferers from sciatica should not
hesitate to use ^Chamberlain's Pain
Balm. The prompt relief from pain
which it affords is alone worth 'many
times its cost.    Sold by all druggists.
four Million Dollars
- Great strength, long experience and thorough,
equipment, enables this bank to offer prompt
and efficient] service in every branch-of the
Banking Business.
3 per cent interest on Savings Accounts.
Eastern Townships Bank
A. F.aml A. M.
tt«ularcoiuiiiuiiieatfou8b „.  -„
limes-gem niectlniu «,,.il i°-
Hall: Mcllale lS5j;.,c,ll(<|: ««*«.
I- P. O. F.
Meela every Mouday Kvcl,|„_ ,,  „    .
Nulling l.relheriicottll.IlylStl.rd.        r"'"
A. S.WII!lan,«<in. N „
Wm. Delahay, ].er. Wo. «,cr.
1*»0KNIX Auit
l-'nlou mil. '
vliillu.  brttlit.i,
DAN DO'KSTKADKB. Ire..  M.H.'ioY.i*,
Certificate of Improvements.
Light Locomotives
For All Purposes.
S For mines, inside or outside service, for
'  Logging Koiids, for contractors.   Con^
nnirfc rioiivnr,. f„n.. „„ . venient to operate, quick and powerful,
These engines niky be s.-en in service at the mines of (iranby Co.. Phoenix, B. C.
little paper, and contains some excellent of the mo&t staPle medicines in use
articles. At least, that is what people 11™°™** ^ tCStified t0 ilS 'excel-
say who read the articles as  originally
Summit, Mayflower, Hopewell, Ealsam Fractional, Cabot lracllonal and Mayflower Fractional Mineral claims, situate In. the Greenwood Mining Division of Vale District.
Where located—in Summit camp
Talcp Notice that I, Isaac II: Ilallett, as agent
for Doimald Mclimis, Free Miner's Certificate
No. B74591; George W. Kumberxer, Free
Miner's Certificate No. B805.U; and Thomas
Roderick. Free Miner's Certificate No H8O401,
intend, sixty days trom the date hereof, to apply to the Minlns Recorder for certificates of
Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining
Crown Grants for the above claims.
And further take notice that action, under
section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Cer tlficates of Improvements.
Dated this39th day of September, A. D. 1904.
-6— I. H. HALLETT.
Latest Mining   Stock Quotations
Salt }Lake ai,dj Denver.
"Two Trains Daily.
8U>anmliip ticket* to Europe and oilier
foreixn countries.
Spokane Time Schedule.
Effective Nov. n 1903
P. Burns & Co.
:'->";^. '        .        HEADQUARTERS, NELSON, D. C. '   "-* ;
',1::V"   — Bfliolesdie and Ml IM (totalis.
Markets at Nelson, Kaslo, Three Forks, Sandon, Slocan City
Silverton, New Denver, Ymir, Salmo, Rossland, Trail, Cascade,
Grand Forks, Greenwood, Midway, Eholt and Phoenix
AH orders receive prompt attention. '    ■
-9-m-9-9-+-m-9 • » m •»-»-»-4-
printed in the Phoenix Pioneer. Then
it also prints the table of weekly ore
shipments from Boundary mines which
also appears first in the Pioneer. Evidently the Sun man knows a good thing
when he sees it.
Cures Cold* In Ons Hour.
Many cold cures are dangerous because composed of deadening opiates.
But   fragiant    healing   Catarrhozone
cures colds in one hour and   is both
,,..       . ,      " .    °\"  ~     o ——  harmless and delightful to use    Even
Ihe wisdom o  g,v,ng a cup of cold the worst   cold^ sneezing   sniffeling
It not only cures a cold quick
ly and effectually but counteracts any
tendency towards pneumonia. It is
equally valuable tor children and may
be given to them with with implicit
confidence. It always cures and is
pleasant to take. There is no danger
in giving it to children for it contains
no opium or other harmful drug. Sold
by all druggists.
water has been illustrated thousands of
times outside of holy writ.
Resolve that you will give a "square
deal" to every person with whom you
have to do. This is not only good
policy—it is good sense.
Resolve that you will not forget the
old folks at home, no matter how far
away they may be. Father, mother,
sister or brother will appreciate a letter
or rememberance, be it ever so small.
Effort ofthis'kind pays the biggest
kind of interest.
Resolve that you will bear and forbear. Not one of us has yet obtained
a monopoly on wisdom. We all make
mistakes. Put yourself in the place of
others, and act accordingly.
■ Finally, resolve that you will not
forget the publisher of your local pa|>er
when your subscription expires. If he
is the right sort of a man in your community, he is working for you night
and day through the power of his
ty|>es.   His reward is meagre at best!
colds with running eyes are stopped
very quickly when the balsamic vapor
of Catarrhozone is inhaled. Catarrh-
ozone acts like a charm on colds,
kills them outright, prevents their return a few hours later. For colds,
catarrh and throat trouble use only
Catarrhozone. Complete outfij $1.00
trial size 25c, at all diuggists.
Don't   forget hereafter
to  write it
Togo is going after the Baitic
and something will happen.
One good ad demands another.   .
It pays to tell what you have to sell.
A close margin is likely to make a
close friend.
Nil desperandum is the advertiser's
best motto.
The wise advertiser recognizes no
competitors—in his ads.
Clean adveitising attracts clean
people with clean money.
Don't'put off till tomorrow the advertising that should be done today.
American Boy	
Hen Hur	
Black Tail 	
B. C. Copper	
Canadian Gold Fields	
Cariboo, Carup-McK (ex-
Center Star	
Crow's Nest Pass Coal..
Denoro Mines	
I Kaimerr	
Kislier Maiden	
I fjialit  _
firanby Consolidated	
International Coal	
Morning (ilory 	
Mountain r.ioit	
Montrent & Bo«tou	
North Star, (JJ. K.)	
San Poll
St Eugene	
Tom Tliumli	
War Eagle Consolidated
Waterloo (Ass Paid)	
White Bear	
Phoenix Beer
Made from the BEST MALT and PUREST
SPRING WATER, it is unexcelled for quality. Ask for PHOENIX BEER and insist
on having it. . •  -
J. MUELLER, Proprietor.
Standard Avii. and Banner Si
Gait Coal      | Hay, Gmin,
MSa.m. FAST MAO-To and rrom
Coeur d'Alene dlitrfcl, Farm-
Inglon Garfield Colfji. Pullman, •Moacow, •Ponieroy.
Waitibuir. Uaytou, W » 11 a
walli. Pend eton. Baker City
and all point* Kasl  »;m
«:30 p. 111. HXPHHSS-For Farmliigloii
. 9.*rneld- Coift".   Pullmaii
; ;. Moacow,r.c«lM0n,Portland
i", "[ f   San PranciKo, Jiaker City
?i.r  /3JM5P*I¥S—*«**-■" point!
'      k Kail, K.kerClty, San Prmi.
cl«co, Portland, Colfax, Oar-
«Kxccptsu^d.rdl',rm",,:,on" ••""'"•"
Kan Frnncigco-l'ortlaiid Koute.
Steamer* sal! from Alntworth doci,'''Portland,
« 8 p. »i. a„d from Spear Street what f, SanFran.
ciaco, at 101. in. every five dayi.
Ticket* 011 sale at all S. F. fc N. Slatlom.
For furtlier information a« to ratea, tiraei
trains, equlpiiieiit.etc.addrcM^ '
vCKO. J. MOlli.KK.General Agent.
Biveralde Are.. Spokane, Waib
Spokane Falls
Northern Ry.
The only all rail route lietween pointt
east, west and south lo Roealand.'Nelson, Grand Forks and Republic.
Buffet cars run between Spokane and
Northport. ^''
r  "v      EKKliCTIVKjtJNEu.nioj.
.'teare. }t , /.rrl?e
'■■4S am „...„^.8pok«tte..„.„„ 6:15 p. b.
!*>?>*• »" *».koai.tatid..,......-....:....<:3S P»-
J;*> a. m.„ i.„Neli9a „.....■ ;.»o p. a.
lo:«a. 111 Grand Porka..: 4:0s P. a-
*»»■» Republic :.. 6:rjp.m.
Save Time air the time
delivered to any part of
the city.
Oats, Wheat, Fked.etc.
I-arge stock.
__*f   ^Good_Dry Wood.       &
McIntyre & Mcdonald, Pt0ps.
Knob Hill Ave,       ^uS"       Phoenix, B. C.
It is now time to make your good
resolutions, and—keep them.
It now has the appearance of a contest in the approaching municipal
The last week in 1904 promises to
A Man Hates Himself
When he wakes up with a headache
and bad taste in the mouth. Something is needed to settle the stomach,
clear away the dull heavy feeling and
create a little appetite. Just get a
tumbler of water, some sugar, and
pour in a stiff dose ofNerviIine. You'll
pick up immediately and feel tip-top
in a few minutes. Nerviline' hasn't an
equal for a condition of this kind. It
stimulates, cures the headache, relieves
the sick feeling and fits you for a hard
day's work. Try Nerviline. Large
bottles costs 25c.
The New .and Enlarged
Edition Contains
25,000 New Words
New Gazetteer of the World
with more thnn 25,000 titles, based on the
latest censuo returns.
New Biographical Dictionary,
containing the names of over 10.000 noted
persons, date of blrtb, death, cto,
Bditod tar W. 0". HAKKIS, Ph.D.,'LI..D.,
j UiiitcastatesCommlssJonorofEducation.
238© Quarto Pages
, iowri.ie*.       «K»lllulr»tloiM.        Klch Blndlna* jj     n
Needed inEveryHomei m**.^
Alw Webster'*"Collegiate Dictionary with
xiiOPages. 1400Ilimtrauon*. Sae-.jKioxs^iia.
A Special Thin Paper Edition De Luxe      j
l»l'r">tnJ/romllio«<imoBUu« m rcgnlir «Mlon.   It
las I Imp covert nni roundcorpora. SlwdfiiOJjilM In. '
I FREE, " A Teat in Pronunciation," lnstruc-
tuxj uml entertaining.
Also illustrated pamphlets.
G. 6 C.   ME.R.RXAM  CO.,
Publisher*. Springfield, Mas*.
Matlieson & 'Brown. Props.
Everything New ™»Sfis 'AND 0THER rigs
Delivered to any part of the city  *   '
Entire Outfit New and Up-to-date.    A1 share of-the public   ''    '
patronage solicited.    'Phone™. -        :Wr-,
To Seattle, Tacoma,
Sit Paul, Chicago,
Palacq and Touriat Sleepers, Buffet
Liorary Cars, Modern duy Coaches, Dining Cars, grealii a L» Carte.;
;Be8t|Mpafo oa Wheels.
2 Past Trains Daily 2
. For ratea and folders and full inform*-
tion regarding trips call on or adtlrrt*
any agent of the 8. F. & N. Railway or
common-school education, that nrc tired of
working'for small wascs. to qualify ns salaried
ad writers or show-card ■nrftcrn tlirouffh our
lnstruotio-i by mail. Prices low; terms oasj: no
books to buy. Send for circular, itntlnc whore
yon saw this ad and which position you want
Bcranton, Pa.
nix Bakery,
Phoenlrstreet.   •Phone53,
We make goodjjread,     Try it,
....C. W. GREER, PaowiiBToa
H. A. Jackson,
H. Bkandt,
C. P. &T..\A.,
701 W. Kivefflide,
Spoksnef Wn.
f,v«|M4.;<-'. '
Men and'wfetneri nrthis county and
adjoining territories, to represent and
advertise an old established house of'
solid financial standing. Salary to
men $21 weekly, to women $12 to $ig
weekly with expenses advanced each
Monday by check direct from head-.
quarters. Horse and buggy furnished
when necessary; position permanent.
Address, Blew Bros. &Xo., -Dept. A'
Monon Bldg., Chicago, III.
! k
-VTV>- ,-,
i- * ■        1 1 1 "      '     *       1 rt-j&sSm  ��� SB  *^  ���*"   �����  ��!W,  "*4si  ���-������.  '"M  '.-���*w  ."��}*?  i^.-sa  f ��� ��'5"ri  f��  ;v**j!gS  r "iSBT*  k *"*#3S^  S':J3��&  J^^^B  tSS  -*-*  ciKsSw  ��� c.  raB  ^  'KrS  $'.  c.  o*S  36  1      :*W  8if-  '      ^**��8H  KlOi  I        -�� "VftS  ���     'sV8s  'Y.T^sS  4.  i"W  "r  >-' $l3a��  {Sffl  ���*'.  ���'������Ms  in  -J^HSSB  -fcfiE��i  t  I    *  UHBiBHOENIX JPJONEER  unro  Contractor and Bailder.  ,,.-���' o o o o  Jobbing Promptly Attended to,  Full Line of Hard Woods.   Shop on .Dominion Avenue   SIocm'* D.Tidw* U*t.  The following shows the Slocaii  ���mines that have declared dividends  and the amount of each, to 1905, ��js  printed in the Sandon Standard, and  compiled by   E.    R.   Sandilands, ol  COPPER  The neweduion of tlioCOPPKIt HANDBOOK Hat* ami ileseiibes 3.3U cop-  permiiies and copper iriiiiinifcoiripniiifB, in nil parin of tliu wuihl, roveriiij; the  ulobe, lliet^O<lt>Bcri|)tiotia ranuiii^ from two linen to 12 pngMin length, aeeonlitii: to  importance of the mines. The tleHcriptiotiH arc not {iiidded, but frivo facts in llir  mootcondutmeiJ and Ket-al-ahle form.  There �����** alsufifteenmiscellaneous ehiipterH, devoted to (lie Histoir, U*"g  Terminology, Geography, Geology, Cliemiftry, Minurnl��K,v, Metallurgy, Finances  unil Stntlftics of CoppVr, render rig the .volume a veritalileeiii'velo|��ptlia of the mi Inject of Copper Mill everything pertaining to the metal."  It It the World's'Standard Reference Book on Copper.  Every Miner, I'roppeetor, Inwstor, Hanker, ami Hrokcr need* Lit** b'H.k. Price  .in |5 in. Buckram hiwlins with gilt top, or $7.50 in full library morrbrai, and the  book, IneitliiT himllnir, will he Hunt, fullv prepaid, 011 approval, Uianv nidlroiH in  the world, to be paid fur if found Hiitinfuctory, or may relumed within a week01 re.  reiptaiil llieeliitrue eaiiwlle.d.    Addre1)" the'Author and I'ubliidier,  ���';,���      '.p. HORACE J; STEVENS, 36 Post Office Block, Houghton, Mich., U. S. A.  mm RAILROAD  Sandon:  Payne.   Slocan Star....   .'.  Idaho ........'.   ..  Reco   Rambler-Cariboo..,  Last Chance..  Whitewater.......  Ruth.....;.;....  Sunset......!.,, ,���.  Noble Five.....  Goodenough......  Washington.......  Monitor.......'..'.  Queen Hess...',.  Jackson   Surprise.   Hosun.   Amoine........   .  Grand total .'.  1,420,000  575.9��'��  400/) 00  287,500  220,000  213, IOt)  208,000  125,600  66,000  ��� 50,000  45.18?  38,000  :27ipOP  25,000  20,000  20,000  12,000  10,000  . .$ 4,763,297  Ben Remedy lor Coiellattloi.  "The finest remedy for constipation  I ever used is Chamberlain's Stomach  and Liver Tablets," says Mr. Eh Butler, of. Frankville, N. Y. "They act  gently and, without any unpleasent  effect, and leave the bowels in a perfectly natural condition." Sold by all  druggists.  The Most   Delightful Way To Cross The  Continent  1' lough Suit Lake City, Glcnwood Springs, UMtlville, Pui> ��!�����,  Colorado Springs and Denver.  A Daylight Mde Through Nature's Art Gallery  Passing Castle Gale, Canon of The Grand, Tennessee Pass,  Marshal Pass and the Royal Gorge.  ^ Post Trains Daily Bet, Ogden and Denver 3  ,   Equipment and Service Second to None  'SEEK NO FURTHER, FOR BETTER CAN'T 13E FOUND.  Sl'silloasaiCoelct Waited.  Man and wife would like to sei'Ute  situations as rooks in mine lioaidin^  house, or something similar.  Address, Mks. M. J. Lucy,  Greenwood, li. C.  For Detailed Information, address  W. C.McBRIDE, General Agent. 124Third Street. PORTLAND, OREGON.  Do, You Want to Save $25 in Duty?  . .Then buy the. .  OLIVER  TYPEWRITER  Made in Canada..  A Standard Visible Writer.  which gives Perfect Work in theshortett  : time with the greatest ease of operation.  Write for Catalogue.  ,  PIONEER PUB. CO., Agents. Phoenix, B. C.  Bakery  for Sale  The undersigned offers  his bakery  for sale  IN PHOENIX  consisting   of  bakeshop,  with    bake  oven  8 x 10  feet,  good living rooms  and sale room.   Trarje about .2,000  loaves per week.  For full particulars apply to  C.W.GREER,  Box 57.  Phoenix,B>C;  ' 1  Corporation   of   the  Qty   of  Phoenix.  Municipal; Elections IW5  OFlfcl* to our Subscribers.  !;-:    BOTH NEW AND OLD.  Phoenix Pioneer and Toronto  ;    Globe (daily) both for One  J ^ijrear.;. .....T:7: ,....:���.. -----  Phoenix Pioneer and Toronto  Globe, (weekly) both for One  year ............���.-.���..--.--- -  Phoenix Pioneer and Montreal  : Daily Herald, both for One  _���..   /iiicludliiR Hnndsome I'ortrnifV  ytJar   ^ofKliigEdw*rd, I7XJJ luclies.^--    Phoenix Pioneer and New York  World, Thrice-a week, both  for one year   Phoenix Pioneer and Montreal  >���'   Family Herald and Weekly Star,  both one  year.������   ��� Subscriptions received to all Magazines and Periodi-"  cals at publishers lowest, rates.  Voters' Lists.  Send[all subscriptions to this office.  PHOENIX PIONEER,  PHOENIX, B.C.  !*2rayrPIKJENIX PKMEEf  ?   ���:> And Bbtfndasry Mining Journal,  ,  You'll have no trouble in keeping posted on B undary Mining Matters.  pimply serida$2 bill for year's trial to Pioneer Pub. Co., Phoenix, B.  The following persons are entitled to have  their names placed ou the Voters' Lists for the  Municipal Elections for the year 5905, for Mayor.  Aldermen and School Trustees of the City 61  Phoenix. j  Any male or female, being a British subject of  the full age of twenty-one years who        < I ���  1. Is the owner of real estate of the assessed  valueofnot less than one hundred dollars, or    !  1. Is the representative, beiue a resident British subject duly authorized by the directors of ail  incorporated company, which is the assessed  owner oflauds, orofimprovemtiits ol lands situate within Ihemunicipality, or '   "-        !  3 Is the holder of a trades licruse, the annual  fee of which is not less than Svcdollais, or'  4. Is a householder, who has paid on or before  the 31st day of Dicember in the year immediate'  ly prior to the day of the nomination, all municipal rates, taxes, assessment rentals, aud license  fees, which are hot chargeable on and payable by  him or her to the municipality.  Provided, however that in the case of the holder  ofa traies llreuse or in ihecaseo'a housholder;  he or she shall, during the mouth of December!  in each year, make aud cause to be delivered to  the City Clerk, a statutory declaration set out in  Scciou 2 of Die Municipal Elections Act Amendment Act 1892.  forms of the said declaration may be obtained  at the office of the City Clerk at the city offices,  Phoenix, B.C.  D.J MATKESON,  City Clerk.  The Be G Assay ***  Chemical Supply Co., Ltd.  VANCOUVER. B. C  Direct Importers of Assayers' Supplies.  Sole Aiients in B. C. for the well-known  Battersea Crucibles, Scorifiere. Mtiftlee,  etc. Selling agents for the F. \V. Braun  Co'a Specialties Cary Furnaces, Burnere;  etc. Mercks' Pure Chemicals, Assay Ma-:  tior Platinum, Quicksilver, C. P. Acide,1  Borax   GIiish and all Heavy Chemicals.1  Specialty���Silver Free Lead ��nd llthirgo. j  Complete Assay Outfits   furnished   at  short notice.. Satisfaction Guaranteed.  Slocan ore shipments for the year  will exceed 13,000 tons.  Two copper furnaces ' are now i).  operation at the Trail s nelter.  The Gibson, on the south loik ol  Kaslo creek, is to j.iin the-shi'iipiii.  '���*�����'' '       ���:'-.- ,i.  Rossland's pre ahipinents last week  Were 5,868 tons, or 338,844 tuns f r  the year.   .  Novembers payroll for the Cro��'s  Nest Pa��s Coal Co., fOrtlie three col-  leries, was $126,842.55.  For the year the Arlington, at Kiie,  has made a n-.t profit overall ex|iense-  and development of $14,666.  A find of ten feet of clean ore was  recently made at the soo-foot level el  the Foghorn mine in Ymir distiict.  Kossland mines are jiroduciiiR near  ly 1,000 tons of ore a day, and Boundary mines are producing about 3,060  lonsdaily,  Suit over the.I.ucky Jack mine, at  Poplar, has been 'tilled among the  contestants. The mine will be started  up and a stamp mill erected.  The Gieat Northern isaflerthe Slocan zinc outpu1 and. interesting complications with the (J.P.k. ii'ay be  looked for in t!ie near luiuie.  .rMeasutes ate iir |)i(>yres> t�� inc'or-  poiate the Crawford Hay lion .Mine-  I'otnpany, to operate the claims owneo  by Messrs. McMillan &  Robinson.  With the reient payment of $25,000  in dividends by the Sloe in Star mine  in the Slocan, over $400,000 have  been thus disitihutcd by li. C. mines  this year.  Preparations have already been  staited in Kossland for the putting in  of more machinery of a tjpe bettei  suited to the ore in the Kossland  Power Company's mill at Trail.  The recent find on the i,45o-foot  level of the Le Roi is said to be turning out better than was at first expected. The outlook now is that it will  develop into an ore shoot of considerable magnitude.  The output of the Slocan, not  i.ounting the zinc, will .rather fall behind that of last year. But taking in  the zinc output the total ore production of theSlocan' will be found to be  greater in 1904 than in 1903.  ��  CURED BCTE#IMA,  Pe-ru-na Is a Catarrhal Tonic  . Especially Adapted to the Declining Powers of Old Age.  In old ago the mucous membranes become thickened and partly lose their  'function," ���:  This loads to partial loss of hearing,  smell'and taste, as Well as digestive tile-  ���turbaneotf,    l( ���'���..''���������.'��� ';;.  ..'���../���'���;-  Pcruna corrocta all this by Its spacl/lo  operation on all the mucous membranes  of the body.'.:--'' ;���'���.  '���.'. One botlle Will convlnco anyone. Onco:  used and Peruna becomes a life-long  itand-by with old and young.  ��� \  If Vm Oet't Sleei Well  It's because your nerves are in a  weak, irritable condition. Ferrozone  Will make them strong, and correct the  trouble causing yon insomnia. "I fell  into a state of nervous exhaustion last  fall," writes Mrs. J*. Stroud, of Dexter.  "I was run down, couldn't sleep and  felt.perfectly vmiserable,���ttied Ferrc-  zohe and -was quickly benefited,  can recommend Ferrozone to anyone  suffering from over-wrought nerves and  sleeplessness." -No tonic is better, try  Ferrozone.    Price5.50c. at druggists.  Strong and Vigorous at the Age or  Eighty-eight  now J.K. Porker,Utica,N. Y., writes:  "Tn Juno, 1D01,1 lost my sense of hoar-  :j  entirely.    I.Iy  hearing had  been  unowhat irapafrcd for coveral  years,  i:t not bo wucli ofTcctcd but Uiatl could  .old convorso -wiih my frlondr.; butlti  'unc, 1001, my senso of, hearing left mo  > that I could hear no gouucI y/hatover.  f was dso troubled with'rheumatic pains  i my Km!;:;.   I commoneed taking Po-  :::ta and liov,'my hearing Is restored as  ^ood as it v.'as prior to Juno, 1001.   Jly  ilietimaHopalna cro all rjone.   I cannot  epe^k  too highly of Pcrumi,  r.ad now I Ohio.  ���whtm 88 years old can say it has lnvglor-  a ted my whole system. I cannot but  think, dear Doctor, that you must fool  very thankful to tho all loving Father  that you have been permitted to llvo,  arid by your: skill' bo" such a blessing as  you have boon to suffering humanity."  ���Rev. J. N. Parker.    ..       -.,.    ���  A Clshop's Letter.  ., T. H. Lomax, D. D��� jDlshop 2nd DIst.  A. JI. C.;1 of Ch��TlpittS),:N.' 6., writes": ? '���  ,.. "I recommend your Pcruna to all who  ���want a strengthening tonic and a very  effective .remedy for all catarrhal eom-  X>laints."���T. II. Lomax.  ;' If you do not derive prompt and satisfactory results from! tho use'of'Perunai  writo at once to Dr. Hartman, giving a  full statement of your case, and he will  bo pleased to give you his valuable ad-  vico gratis.  Address  Dr.  Ilartmau, President of  Tho Hartman Sanitarium,  Columbus,  4�����������������������������������������������������  ! Phoenix-  I   Greenwood  ��� Leave Phoenix    -    9.30 a. in."  ��� Leave Greenwood     ''..36 p. m.j  astern  Excursions  from Phoenix  $84.00  Toronto or^Montreal and  return:  ���3 Months' Limit. -  Corresponding rates to all Eastern  points from all Kootcnay stations.  For tickets First-class or Touribt  Sleeper 'reservation*; or further partic-  ulars apply to local agents or writt-    >  F.. J. COYI E  J. S. CARTER,  D.P.A., Nelson.  A. G.l'.A.,  Vancouver  MINERAL ACT.  Certificate of Improvements.  Notice.  Setli and Jerry Hitrrul Claims, mtunle in tlie  tirctn��oo   .Milling Division of Vale District.  Wliere located, tu I.oiiu Liiko camp    ,. r  t'ske notice tlitil, I, Albert K. Aklicroft act-  inj;��s age'it for tlie Jewel (iold .Miuesi I.iinilnl,  l'rce Miner's Certificate No. 1(85,647. intend,  llxty days from tlie date litucf, to apply to the  Miniiii; Kccorder for a Certifrate ollinprove-  nieiUs, for the purpose of otln'umg a Crowi'  (Jrnnt of tlienboveclanu.  And furtlier take notice that act.ci. under section 37,must be commenced before the i-simncecl  ���uch Certificate of lniproveniciits.  Dated tliU 15th day of August, 1904,  ALDhKT H. ASIICROI'T.  P    I..   S  Furnished Rooms b�� Day, Week or Month.  Transient Trade Solicited. (Open al| night.  HOTEL HAVANA  510 Front A\enue, ^nnlrano  Hone Main 18(19. OpOKaue.  Standard Time..  t  Leave Greenwood  Prompt Attention to Express and Freight.  J.,'S; McCAGUE, Proprietor.  �������������������������������������������������� ������^  i  We do the kind you want,  but which you rarely see ���  the kind that is Neat, Clean,  Original and Effective.  This the only completely  equipped Printing establishment in the Boundary occupying its own building.  Can we print for you ?  ; SPOKANE MEN AFTER BOUNDARY MINE  Tartu! J. H. P*x They Try to Buy Golden  .Eoile M.Keltle River.  Spokane capitalists ���' have made an  Effort through J. H.^Fox, of that city,  for the purchase of .the Golden Eagie  mine, a high grade property east of  Volcanic mountain, on the, north fork  of Kettle river. Alex.Sharpe of Vancouver and S. Moulton Barrett of  Greet.wood are interested with Fox in  the deal as venders. The Golden  Eagle has been developed to a stage  which will allow steady shipments.  The main shaft is down 162 feet, and  there are a uumber o( diifts. Four  years ago the Golden Eagle shipped a  little ore, then, when the slump came  in the Bonndary, it was closed down  and has so remained. The Spokane  men contemplate opening it.  An interesting incident is recorded  in connection with the meeting of Fox  and Barrett to discuss the Spokane  pioposa!. About.a yeai ago the former had the peculiar sensation of reading his, obituaiy in the press. Mr.  Barrett had not seen him since and  congratulated him. on his resurrection.  Mr. Barrett, himself, in the Greenwood papers a year ago, paid Mr. Fox  a high tribute, believing him dead.  Hospital Donations  Li^t of Donations received since Jan.  1st, 1904, to the Phoenix General Hospital :  Cash Jioo ....("lenient S. llouyhtoti. Boston  Cash $.s 00 ;... A Friend  Cash fc.co A Friend  Sldse. $13.00 A Friend  Cash $5.00 ...J.J. Btrutzel  Kraciure Bed aud FurnUure.value $60...A Friend  Cash J50 T. Eaton & Co., Toronto  Linen .'. Mrs. I Orawfon  Chinaware Misses Crawford  C1*  I' $25 Canadian Rand Drill Co  CashJSo Hospital Staff  Landscape Garden Mrs. R. B. Kerr  H Crate Strawberries J. II. Pe'ers  Syrup A Friend  Cash $5.00   M. Mullin  Cash $3.00 ...��� _ A Friend  1 doz. Bed Spreads A Friend  Pair Crutches... ;.....   George Chaplain  Granite Tea Pot ...Morrin, Thompson &.Co.  Magazines W. S. M'acy  Vegetables Mrs. .1. li. Mills  Crate Strawberries _ Mrs W. S. .Vacy  Cash $1.00 per mouth V. & N.Telephone Co.  Crate Strawberries ..: Mr. W.S. Macy  Cash, $60.00 ���. Bachelors Dance  Cash. $5.00 Robt  Horrcll  Jar Strawberry Jam Mrs. Win. Fraser  '2 Cases Crab Apples W. s. Macy  Cash $5.00 .-..A Friend  Cashfii .....P. Burns d I'o  Bedside Tables, $10 -lark .t Kiuns  Invalid chair : Mrs. Hilda Smith  Wall nave- for sitting rrom -Mrs. J. II. Bovle  Supplies... ��� ....Mrs W I. Germaine  Poultry Mr,s. Win. Delnhav  Turkey 1'. Bums & Co.  Plum Pudding and Old lied Liu< nMrs I Crawford  If You're Interested  - IN  THE -  Mines of the  Boundary  You should read the.  Phoenix  ��� ��� ���  ��� ��� ���  Jpri  SANITARIUM, Arrow Lake, B.C.      The mobt perfecty appoint??    c   th  uiul Pleasure Resort m  the Webt.-vrith  a  nlctesystem of Hnths���including Turkish  an I  Uusstau.   Open the year  round.   Tlie curative  properties of its wnters are uncqunled.  Kor Curing all Rheumatic. Nervoui and Muscular Troubles.  For Healing all Kidney, Liver and Stomach  ailments.  Kor Klimiuntni��aU MetnllicPoiSaiis from the  System  The grandeur of the scenery is unrivaled  Mountains,snow penks, forests,Iakes,WBtei falls  boating, yachting, fulling, shooting, excursion,  tennis.    Its winter climate is uusin passed  trr  n. d.  Pioneer  JIM  CITY SCAVENGER  Leave Orders at City  Clerk's Office.  *** PHOENIX, B G.  And Boundary Mining Journal,  Replete with the Latest and   Freshest  News of  Boundary's   Mines  and Smelters.  $2.00 per year.  $1.25 six months.  Si  All Work Guaranteed.  Imported Goods.  FINE BOOTS AND SHOES  MADE  TO  ORDER.  PRACTICAL    MINERS' AND   PROS  PECTORS'SHOES  A SPECIALTY.  Shop   on   nonunion Avenue.  Grand Forks,  Phoenix  and Greenwood  ADDRESS:  DeafMSf Unsol Be Cared  by local applications, as they cannot reach the  Jlseascil portion of the ear. Theie isoiilyonc  way to cure deafness, and that is by constitutional remedies. Deafness is caused by an infiamtd  ��� mditibrj of the mucousliiriuK of the Kustachian  Tube. When this tube, iujuflnuied you have a  rumbling sound or imperfect hearing, and when  It is entirely closed. Deafness is the result, and  unless the inflammation ca'n be taken out and  this tube restored toils normal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever; nine cases out of  ten are caused by catarrh, Which is nothing but  an inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces.  We will give One Hundrefl Dollars for any case  ofDeafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot be  cured by Hall's Catanh Cure. Send forcircnlars  free. F. J. CHENEV& CO., Toledo, Ohio.  Sold,by druggists, 75c  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  PIONEER PUBLISHING CO.,  Phoenix  B. C.  Every Physician Knows  About the great merit of Dr. Hamilton's Pills of Mandrake and Butternut lyhich cleanse the system, cure  constipation and piles. Use only Dr.  Hamilton's Pills.    Price 25c.  THE MILWAUKEE  A familiar name for tlie Cliiuts;", Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, known all  over the Union, as the Great Railway  running the-"Pioneer Limited" trains  every day and night between St. Paul  and Cliicaito, ami Omaha am! Chicago,  "The only perfect trains in the woil 1."  Understand: Connection3: are made  with All Transcontinental lines, assuring to passengers the best service known.  Luxurious coaches, electric, lights, steam  heat, of a verity equaled by no other  line.  See that your ticket reads via "The  Milwaukee" when going to any point in  the United States or Canada. All ticke-  agents sell them.  For rates, piiinphlets or other information, address,  R. L. Ford, H. S. Rowe,  Trav.Pasb. Agt.,  SPOKANK, WN.  General Ageu ,  PORTLAND OR  FOR BARGAINS go to the  GRAN  BY EXCHANGE.    We are  or will sell en bloc.  Pioneer Publishing Co.,  PHOENIX, B. C.  ���������Cll<l����itttl��ll9(��tt��l(  in fa (ollie Kennels  STAGE  J. y.ROYKR.       :  LINE.  ;       :       Proprieto.  Itegimitnj; Itiue 1st, leave (tieentvocK. at 6n.m  and Phoenix nt 7:30 11,111 ; arrive nt Grand Kork.-'  10:3011. in..leave (Jrniid Vor'-s^:.^ p. m.,arriving  at IMiocnix 7 p. in., awl Greenwood at S. p.m.  Connects both ways with Crent Norl Ji?rii iraiiM  Hare���Grand Korku to Phoenix, $j5o; Phoenix  to Greenwood,50c; tiieenwood to l'lioemx, $r.oi,  Greewoot! to Ginnd 1'oiks, $3.' Office in Green  wood.lJt. Noriheiu Telegraph otlice. In I*hoe-  nix. McKac Ilros. & Smith. In Grand Forks  Gl. Norther offices. Kor express ratrs. uquire  tt citner otfice.  THE  HOME  OK  High-Ooss  We make a specialty of breeding the  best working strains for sheep-men  and sell at reasonable prices. Our  Collies give satisfaction to flock masters  everywhere.    Write us your wants.  Thos. S. Griffith,  P. 0. Box 1907. Spokane, Wash.  eoeeeea.oaeoeoeeeeeeoooooao  Please cul outo.it and paste at front  of Phone book.  Twice 11 are 22.  and 1123 is the 'I'horc (local or long distance) for The,20tl. Century Business Training Co., Ltd  The new College is now completed, and is situate nt the corner of Broad mid Yates Streets,  Victoria. B. C.  Arrangements  made for boarding  Canadian,  American and foreign pupils.  -    " *   " ;"      dd  "Piinscol" Vic-  Wireless   and Cable address!  toria.  .. SUBJECTS:  Shorthand Typewriting (all good makes) Memory methods, Hookkeeping, Quick at figures,  Spelling. Reading (proof), Newspaper work,  LithOAiid Letter Press Printing, Kngravtng, Illustrating, Corrections and Paste and Scissois  \Vork, Penmanship, Geometry, (ieoKraphy, Languages, Klocutiou Kufctish, Keportiujj, Advertising, Ad-writing. Com. Law for Clerks and Stenographers*, Civil Service, Banking, Stocks and  Shares, Broking, Insurance, Buying and Selling,  Hlectricity, Telegraphy  Navigation. Astronomy.  Postat pupils���all parts.  Victoria���All day private tuition. Kveuings 7  tog.  Vancouver���l*'ee Block, (or Shorthand, Typing  and enquirers-.  JOB PRINTING,  We do        _  search of���  Pioneer Pun. Co.,  i  mM$w$M$$&*&  B THE PHOENIX PIONEER  j&.  ���^yy ;jr  "^ar*ar  -;p,��.jf,,��jf..jf,jf jp ji jp  We wish to thank you for your patronage during the year' just  clasing, and to wish you a. Happy and Prosperous year in the one  coming. We intend to continue the same policy in 1905 that  brought us success in 1904.  The Best Goods for the Best Moneyv  We have been doing it.       We will continue to do it.  THE THOMAS DRUG CO-, LTD.  re if %f iriririr rerererere  ow   rererererererere  rrrr  The undersigned offers   hisi'Jfcakery  for Sale ':     " , :       "  IN PHOENIX  consisting of Iwkeshop, with ,'(.,bake  oven 8 x .10 feet, good living rooms  and sale room. Trade about* ���.p. 000  loaves per week. ',  For full particulars apply'to  laidlng Natol of laitadary'a laadlaf  Mlnlai Ca��a.  Hotel Balmoral  Comer Knob Hill Are., and Firtt St.,  PHOENIX, B. C. '  J. A. MeMASTER  ���*������.'. ,      Proprietor.  In and Around Phoenix  BRIEF TOPICS OF  LOCAL AND  GENERAL  INTEREST TO  PHOENICIANS.  Happy New Year  The Pioneer wishes every  one of its many readers,  whether near the home of  this paper or far" across the  seas, the- compliments of the  season.  Boyle is the druggist.  See Dey's stock of rings before you  buy.  Take your prescriptions to Boyle the  druggist  For International Coal stock see J.  L. Martin.  The quality is right if bought from  Boyle the Druggist.  Do not overlook Dey. the jeweler,  when selecting your holiday goods.  Brown ware crockery reduced to 25c  on the dollar.' Granby Exchange.  Dr. Mathison, dentist, will be at his  office, Bank blocV, from Jan. 10th  to 14th.  Those chocolates of Almstrom's will  melt in"your mouth���if you give them  a chance.  Cut Glass makes one of the nicest  presents you can give. Dey the jeweler has it from $r.so to $15.00  For large returns and good dividends buy International Coal stock of  J. L. Martin, Phoenix, B. C.  Tinware reduced. Coffee pots from  60c to 2 for 15c, all new. Old goods  half as much at Granby Exchange.  Geo. E. Dey, the jeweler, has just  received a fine line of Pearl Broaches  and Pins, ranging from $3.50 to $25.  Mining shares in all the local properties. International Coal, Granby,  Strathmore, Oro Denoro and Providence.   For sale by Ed. H. Mortimer.  The proprietors of the Brooklyn  hotel have received a stock of pure  Oregon grape wine, and are prepared  to supply it to families by the gallon  at a reasonable price.  Ask any policyholder of the Mutual  Life of Canada if he is not satisfied with  the policy of the company. Then  come and give your application to Ed.  Mortimer and be one ot the many.  Next Wednesday evening there will  be a joint installation of the officers of  Greenwood Lodge No. 29 and Phoenix  Lodge No. 28, Knights of Pythias, in  Phoenix, the installing" officer being  George Elkins of Phoenix,  of Sterling Silver  Broken wrists, arms and legs have  been the fashion for the last week.  Moral-^-get Mortimer to write you up  for an accident policy. Costs little,  but gives you good returns in case of  accident or sickness. "w,  At the sale of real estate for taxes,  held in Greenwood last Tuesday, it is  reported that property on which the  /taxes amounted to about $20,000 was  redeemed before the sale, out of  $28,000. The sale was adjourned for  a couple of weeks.  Dr. Mathison, dentist.  Purity first, Boyle the druggist.  Who is sellingout? Granby Exchange.  The old reliable, Boyle the druggist.  Webb's fine chocolates, fresh goods,  at Almstrom's.  Dey the jeweler has a fine line of  souvenir spoons.  Try Boyle's Witch Hazel Cream for  chapped hands.  Dr. Simmons, dentist, McMillan  block, Jan. 13 to 16.  A  choice line  presents at Dey's.  Have you seen the Plato, the latest  in clocks, at Blacks' the Jeweler.  Oliver N; Galer, of Grand Forks,  spent Sunday and Monday here.  A fine selection of ladies' gold filled  and solid gold watches, Dey the jeweler.  Still cutting and slashing prices.  Bound to go out'of business. Granby  Exchange.. -     ���  -  Chief of Police Flood returned  Tuesday from a vacation spent at Col-  yille, Wash.  Call arid inspect the Vanguard, the  finest 18 size movement in the world,  at Ed. Black's.  Bom, tp the wife of Angus McDonald, Brooklyn avenue, December  25th, a daughter.  If you want something for the youngsters, remember that Almstrom's stock  is well worth examining.  Mrs. W. L. Dunn and Miss Maude  DesSpain left Friday to spend a few  days in Grand Forks.  "Home thoughts," and "A Strange  Way," will be the topics tomorrow in  the Presbyterian Church.  Changes for advertisements in the  Pioneer must reach this office by noon  Thursdays' to insure insertion.  Don't worry. Get Mortimer to insure you. Life, Fire, Accident or Sickness in the best English and Canadian  Companies.  Edward Burns, the contractor, spent  Christmas with his family in Spokane,  returning this week with John Jordan,  his partner.  R. P. Williams, of Rossland, representing the Jenckes Machine Co.,  of Sherbfooke, Quebec, was, in the  city yesterday.  Dougald: McMillan; the first city  clerk and chief of police of Phoenix,  who has been in the Klondike, arrived  in the city again this week.  Bell Will be HamerJ January 13.  A dispafch from Ottawa states that  at the last cabinet meeting an order in  council was passed allowing the law to  take its course in the case of Joshua  Bell, under sentence of death at Kam-  loops, for murder.  Bell killed Annie Allen at Phoenix on August:. 12th, with a pocket  knife. He was tried by chief justice  Gordon Hunter at the Greenwood  assizes, and sentenced to be hanged.  The crime was committed on a Friday,  and he will pay the penally on a Friday. !, Both were colored.  Two Church Ckrittnaa Trees.  Last week Friday the Presbyterians  held their annual Christmas tree, the  church being crowded during the  evening. A pleasing programme was  rendered, in charge of Rev. McColl  and Mrs. Campbell, and there were  presents for all the children, from the  two large trees, J. W. Hannam being  the Santa Clans.  Saturday evening the Methodists  held their Christmas tree, and an interesting programme was presented,  the popcorn drill being well rendered.  Mrs. W. J. Porter, Mrs. Knott and  Beatrice Orchard had charge of the  programme, the children being remembered with numerous presents,  Francis Knott acting as Santa  Claus.  C.W.GREER,  Box 57.  Phoenix,B'G  CORPORATION OF THE  CITY OF PHOENIX;  ��� given. _  tliciuuiilci|Hilllyofllic:cUy of IMioeiilx, thai. ,1.  require U)c incucncc of tile wild elcclur* r.1 Hit  city officii, Dominion nvcimtr, l'liom.lx. II. C, on  tin? 9M1 liny of January, 1905. nl i> o'clock noon  fbrtlic pin |>o�� of elcctliiK lemons to rcpreanil  llicm (it llicnmiildiwil Council a�� Muypr jind Aldermen, toicrllier with 0111 School Trustee fpr, the  Ulty school dlsilrlct of l-hoeiila. '",'".:,  Tlie mode ol iinniiniillt-u of mtidid^leji slull he  *�� follows: '' "1',' ���" '���",  ThccmiillUnU|i.��liBlll|e,||omliuite��l In wilting;  the writing ��linlH)tiiiil>iiCrilJecf by two' "Voter* df  the municipality'aa' proposer ��inl seconder, awl  shrill tw delivered to llic relurnliiR:'oHta*��l'.��il*  lime between the date of the notice liinl a.p. m. or  the day of the nomination, and in the evehfxH 11  poll twine ncccssHry.'such |>Cll will be oneuedoii  the uthdij'orjaiiuiiry, 1905, ol ��>>c cUfiatflcoy  aforesaid, nnd wlll.be kept open from 911 111..till  730 p. m., of which every person is hereliyl+e-  quired to I' fcc notice mid govern himself accord.  '"rfc  ..ccted'nalhe Matorof such city sliiill!.��*,,,.,,  Iieraons as are ninlc Uiltish mililects  ol llic full  lio persons qualified to be nonilimted fo'r 11 ml  elected 11s the 5la\orof tnich city shall,.fj;;?ut'ji  ily q��� ,    T)|e penjoun qualified, to he- nominated for and  -.ectcii ��K'Alrlcriheuof Wnch-city shall he such"  persons as are male British spbjccts of the fuU  Bloaaon Held For Trial.  Last Saturday night C. H. Blossom,  hoist man" at the Granby mines,  amused himself by knocking down  Frank Nelson at Hardy hall, and then  stamping on his face most cruelly.  Nelson is in the hospital, and at best  will be disfigured for life, his nose and  jaw bone being broken. Blossom was  held for trial by Police Magistrate  Williams, and sent to Nelson jail in  charge of Officer Docksteader.  James Turner held a rough house  in the Granby kitchen and dining  room Wednesday afternoon, breaking  crockery, etc., before he received a  couple of black eyes and other souvenirs from the employees. ' He was  finally arrested by City Clerk Matheson,  and fined $ti and costs by Judge  Williams for being drunk and disorderly'.  aucoftiveiity-oiie years, am! are not msfplBltfiol  under any law, nnd have been lor the six months  next preccdinjj III* <l��y of iiomliintioii the regl>-  tered owiier, (11 the fcand Keglstry ofhee, of land  or real property In the city of the assessed value.  011 the Inst municipal assessment roll, or one  thousand dollars or nior,-, aud whoareotherwi e  duly qualified ��r municipal voters;  The  ,-..-. -1 <-.   cleclc  persons as are male _ ,,..v���   . .  age of twenty one years; nud are not Msqunlinco  undci any law, and have been for.lhc six nionllui  next preecdlint the day of iibmlnstlon II e r iris'  tered owner 111 the Laud.ltci;lstry oirice.of laud  or rml prope'i t'y"iu llic city of assessed value, oh  the last municipal assessment roll, of five lini(-  drcd<lQllars or-more, aud who are otherwise  qualified as municipal voters.  Any person being a householder in the.sum  school district, and being a lliiltsh subject or the  full age of twenty-one yex��j and otherwise qualified by the "Public Schools Act" lo votes! an  electiilti or School Trustees In tluB.su.ul school district, shall be eligible lo be elected or to serve n*  school trustee for the said school.dUtxlM. .�����;.���'  ���Given under my hand at Phoeulx, B. C, the  37th day ol December, 1904.  '.!i~l.'.   X  I), j; MATHHSON,  '���'���;���'.... Kcliirn|ugtOflicci).  HOLBMY GOODS  "  IMPORTKD TOYS,   FANCY   GOODS,  . CHINA, BOOKS, MUSICAL INSTRU-  '      MUNTS, ETC., in endless variety.  For Young a��d Old  '?'.' . .'���'".  Our stock ol Holiday Goods.this year is far more ex  jj'.     tensive than ever before,   both in quantity an  variety.    You can find just  what you  want ft  ','.,���  gifts here.    An inspection invited.  IcRAE BROS. & SMITH,  Knob Hill Ave., Phoenix, B. C.  l  CORPORATION OF THE!  "CITY OF PHOENIX.  By-Law No. 51.  .^'.uMir.;..     .     .'������������������  Tlie Municipal C  KsXilfutrhatnli  i.,,'L'!i!�� bj;|iiwii  Council of the Corporation, of  ilx enacts us fallows:  ..,, ....sbjMiiw'innv.hcclteU for nil purposes ns  "Knily Closing lly-law No, ji, i<)m "  >..,All'sJiopH within the meaning of the "Shops  (teKuhitluii Act,  1900," carrying, on  within tin-  City thtrftillowiiiij business or blisuiisses, viz;  . 1, Ury^;'oo(t>'nm|fnri|ishiiig,  "3; rVents' 1'iiriiwliliig'aiKl Clothing.  - i'j. Tailors  4. Ilools and Shoes.  5. llulchcis, ���>    '.     .  <i. Kroeers.  7. I'nlutsaiid paper,, ,  S. 1'lu.nanm.-. *Vo��J is i.'.ol!.  9. 'Hardware 'Merchant*.    .      '  ���irV?,,.Jt;w':\*:|i'>ii.' .;-".''i''-' ��� ������"���" ��� ���:';'.'���������  ;  fi, I'lirnltnre.. ���      ���   .        , .      ' ���>���  ���    vlljliUiHiucfVI"    '���'������   ''''���'���'-���     '���': '  sha'l be closed and ^tnmlil closijl after the hou,r.  Ill  J1IJ..V1   ^i..'  is  in re  a rose  the pub  when your subscription exp * ro*-e  . ���*.   '. , / . i of the  is the right sort of a man in Qj- tne  munity, he is ��� workjngfcjg''; he coh-  and day throu^utdoor in Victoria  types.   His fK-  Monday evening, January 9th Phoenix Aerie N o. . 15 3 and Greenwood  Aerie No, 308.'-will holdj a joint installation of officers at Greenwood.  Miss Maud DeSpain, daughter of  Mrs-.Si A. McCormack, who has been  atteniilirig a young -ladies' school in  Spokane, is back for the Christmas  holidays.  Ed. H. Mortimer, insurance, real  estate and mining broker. I have a  cheap residence lot on Old Ironsides  avenue for sale at $225. A corner  and a snap.  Those desiring tp register for the  coming city election, will find the city  clerk at the city office this evening from  eight to nine o'clock. This is the last  day to register, -:: 7 .-^���.������-.-,.-'..\. r.;.- ���  Masons Install Officers.  Tuesday evening a pleasant time  was had by the membets and friends  of King Edward Lodge No. 36, A. F.  and A. M., the occasion being the annual installation of officers of the lodge!  After the installation ceremonies had  taken place, the floor of the new lodge  room in the McHale building was  cleared, and dancing and card playing  wasenjoyed till a late hour, when refreshments were served, there'being a  general attendance of the wives and  families of the members.  Past Masters W. L Dunn and fhos.  Brown were the installing officeis, the  full list of the new officials for the ensuing year being as follows:  Master, George E. Dey; senior warden, Dr. R. B. Boucher; junior warden, Joseph J. Strutzel; secretary, Al>-  n:r Hillier; treasurer, George L. Mc-  Nicol; senior deacon, William S.Macy;  junior deacon, Thomas Oxley; senior  steward, Samuel Stevens; junior steward, E. E. Wells; tyler, Walter Ross.  The lodge is in excellent financial condition, and is steadily growing in membership.  of 7.3011, m.on einii ftud every Vfliy,.except the  ^folloiviiig daysf.vis. -Satuidnysi the day 'iuiuiedi-  u'cly |>recedlu��any.public.hVlidny, the lusl four,  teen days oreaCTt-yenrVlhe'ioth aud 151I1 days of  every 111011II1, o' the following day when such  mirror 15th day (OTs 6rra~BuWay.  ���'���"���  4 'Any person ivho commits ui.y infraction of  (his Ky.lnu- shall Ik. Hi ble.on summary-'co'nvlc-  liouvliiijure^UijaJ'ollea^Miigistrate, or-uny, two  :ju��tl��a��offlicTca^r having jurisdiction within  IWfc City, to a peijallyjiot exceeding one hundrMl  ddli��:s, or to imprisonment for any'term not ex-  reeiJUu;, tlw tc  month**'with or  without   hard  .inbcWirftc-b-onii?;::'"-:: '������...:       :    ���'  4. This by-law shall take effect and come into  force 011 th 3rd day of January, 1005, aiid ahull,  beforeihal date, and uficrit is filially passed, lie  published by inserting u true copy of the same.  ct-rtine(Uj��lhi City. Clerk, in one, issue .of the  IMi��r��jx?aciT!ecij*/v!  '. l'awectufciMumcipaU'Couiicil the 7O1 day of  Deeenibei-Jion};'''" '���'- '    '      >  i Itccoi^JirjrsewtfJid'Jitiully passej'the 91st day of  December, 1004V  "G. \V. K'UMDKKOKK, , ~^< ,  . Mayo.. 5 ('lt.V I  1:    . ���:; .:V. J. MATHKS0N, 5 Seal (  ''.1   Clerk of the Municipal Council. *'��*y��* '  ''��� Certified this 37th day of December, 19m, lo be  Utruc copy of "Kar y Closing Ily-lav.- .So. Ji,  roai." of tlie City.of I'liocuix, II. C, whkh was  rcgii'tered In the County^Idurt-Registry, Grand  1'ork��!H.4Ci-,the'itrH day of December, 1904.  :..      '  "*���-  "   -"������-      D.j, MATHI'.SO.S-,  City Clerk, Phoenix,B.C.  Black's Hotel<  ..Dominion Avknuk, PHOENIX, B.C.  Comniodiotis Sample Rooms  First-Class Dining Room in connection  liar Well Stocked with Choicest Goods  Most Conveniently Located  Telephone No. 26., -\'|  ��pcajai -Rates to Commercial Men.  ���      '   Good Sample Rooms.  Holiday Goods  Ladies' and Children's Manicure Sets> Sterling  Silvei and Sterline.  Silver Plated Ware in Tea Sets, Cake Dishes, etc.  Waltham and Seth Thomas..:;Watchi9S;iii:p\'i<5..a\iir;  18 sizes, 15. 17, 19 and 2i jewels, with cases to suit.  Also fine line of GENERAL JEWELRY, Etc., suitable for presents.  Ed. Black  5'';''tH'E:J'EWELEB.-'  mt***********************  Just received direct from Scotland  \  . a large shipment of   "Sanderson's  Famous Mountain Dew"  '  Green wood Liquor Co.  Repairing^  Boundary Agents for ''PARST OELKBRATED BEER.''   -.'.<:  '������   Wholesale Dealer in Wiiies, Liquors and Cigars;'  ,.:.''.  Telephone orders receive prompt atleution. '.' -  Greknvoon, B. C.       %*       JAMES McCREATH, l'Kor.  i  0  1  The" BEST; Cheapest  and most satisfactory  Clothing in Phoer.ix.  i- W^'can /.'WateliV yon at almost any  price, from.the jibod, cVt-ryday tiiiicpiec'e  to the expensive adjusted"; chrorioineler.  .Oi!r;.Je.welry ;aml Cut, tilasrt slock  wilT h6;'Fpund' just- what you deaire to  mako.a seWedOiifrotn.'~;;.��.': '  '.; Jji.re.piijling Wfiarc! prepared to take  care-Qf anytliitij: in-this line/ '      >'  ��� Q^mi^E' ;Dey, ���  Miheij'bWoliir..;^.-'"'s Knob. Hill Ave;  '.-:J...  You Can Get  - *' ���' ' -.'���'"'��� ���  THE FINEST - FRUITS,Jlrliathgrow  and THE-'FINEST 'CIGARS 'artel:  TOBACCOS Cver'snioked at tfieilew'  store of...'..'.   ���'"'" "���'' "��" '  Alex ticRae^  Stationery, Newspapers,Magazines, etc.  Hardy Blockv  -  Dominion Ave.  olitan Cafe  at: All  Hottrsv  DANNY DEANE, Proprietor.      ;     ..      .,n*:, .>'.,.. :-���=..���: .: ���-,-.,. ���;  Open Day and Night.     " "'  ���   '      (under summit' hotK'-')^ v ' '  Oysters in'every style.,   .;...  i .-, ��,,i;  Roast Duck and Chicken Dinner, Sundays 5 to'8 p.'srii'?'  WHO SAYS SO?    Hundreds of satisfied  customers..   If you don't  believe  it come'  and examine goods.  �� A Fall Line of Underweat, Shirts, Shoes, Ties,etc,  just arrived., All new, seasonable goods at old  and Cheapest prices.  THOMAS BROWN,  Wear Exclusively.  HARDV-McKHNZIE BI.K.  DOMINION AVE.. PHOENIX.  Men's  s Dominion Ave.f Phoenix, B. C.  Ladies* Tailor-made Skirts in Tweed  fords, lilue and Black Cloth-  modes in cut and cloth.  mixtures,  Ox-  -a choice line of the prevailing  While Our Stock is  Complete  in Every Line.  Ladies' Silk Waists, Japanese Silk Blouses in shades of  White, Pink, Sky and Black. Grenadines and Lustres in a  variety of shades, neatly trimmed. A handsome line of  Black Sateens.  Women's Neckwear Elegant variety of collars, new designs. Women's and Children's Knit. Underwear and all  wool cashmere Hose, Shoes, Rubbers and Felt Slippers.  MEl^OVERQQ/n'S^AND SUFI'S,  .^Ay,!.3.1!1^ AND UNDERWEAR,  MACKINAW CLOTHING,  HATS AND CAPS.  Men's Up-to-date Shoes ia all the latest makes and shapes-  in heavy and dress shoes���Our prices right.  THE'"  99  Dominion Ave, PHOENBX^B.C  '''ll"l"H'iiHiii iJuwi'miiwi'iBm  mas  uiiuiiB��Mlill|q��m)��M��"Wilil"l1"1 "W'81 Z7=q3&3=  BOUNDARY MINES A^f METERS  1  HOLIDAY N  ���"V-VT^,   -.  -������*.  -.A'^  y;"'  ^  And  Boundary  Mining Journal  r^  ;������\Xr=  DECEMBER 1905  TYPICAL   MIN'NG    IN   TME   BOUNOABY  GWANBV    MINES   ORC   OUAABY,    SHOWING   VAST   W.DTH   Or   ORE   BODY.  CONSISTING   OF  A . . .  Description of the Industries  of the Boundary Country,  British Columbia.  J  i  THE PHOENIX PIONEER  J  PUBLISHED   BY   THE...  Pioneer Publishing Company,  Phoenix, B.C.  Price 25 cents.  ^  vwmiauatuiimawiiBsmmai f_.  ���JHwUtt P.W*  *        H   J      6,      T     . <S ... >U ...  ���w >��� !*~*      -cj'y^ vj {  7 *f?  jHs   ���<  *     ���    l *   /-i*^       '3.     t  '^    >  y>K  i  aMBMBs'^^''^'  ���j   i     '"     t>><�� ^ -' i  1*.  "V  .    ,  ^,     Be  ' *  JAMB MACKINNON, Oenenl Man��i��-  jBUJAM-rAWEO, a���-   s r M0MY ta!petl0,.  ?     *J  INIfRCSI  4 PAID*'ON  BENSHS  AT  CDRStNT  feHfS  T&01u r  iV*  ft  r  ."a^'s-  w  8     �����  " \9 >�� ,  10^15 to $10%   w-  r"^���.>v     *f V T.I ���'-<'^l J  YOUR  MCAD OmCK,   ���Ktl������OOKt  PATRONAGE  j ���_  m   _  BRA^Clia  Howick  Hantingdon  Ibetville  Lacolle  t��i     A  ^TiietforJl<M��ies  \ >alqbutt; ,       t  Vancouver, B.C.,  WaterviUe   t    ^  ,Wi4terloor t ^  West Sh'efford  Windsor( Mills, ,  \Ymnipfeg; Man. >  "   l^��"l  ^        *  i   n  r -f  1  '1,4    ���-    ^    x  A?>  ^A    V  %#  fc ?-Y ��Ml>: WliM^ M, imager.  A. Bl H000f Manager,  >s'  ^   f  H vf   I  \1    >.  f i^  -.,*.*. ,*-*! rn^MftSfcrCawd 1  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JGURNA^^^  ,,*,  Company. Limited  11  11  HAMILTON  ONTARIO  !;  I  Electric Power and Lighting Installations of every description  Electric Equipment  for Mines  Including Locomotives  i  tl  ..j       *���  Long Distance Power transmission  Electric Equipment  For Mining and Machine Tools  Steam Turbines  Westinghouse Air Brakes  J  HAMILTON  TORONTO kfe  ^H��^��i!B8'ss"'*s*'*'^"  -���"USStlfc^r  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.   ���"���"        "V*"       - ' .     ,     ' "'.'',  u  THE  LEADING  UARDWARE-HOUSE  OF CANADA:'  .. HAMILTON..  Established 1849  <?���  jy^=  ^1  B.C. Interior Branch:  VALLANCE HARDWARE CO  &  NELSON,  B.C.  LTD.  =00=  4  DEALERS IN ...  SHELF AND HEAVY HARDWARE  MINE,   SMELTER AND  MILL   SUPPLIES  WINNIPEG���GEO. D. WOOD & CO. VANCOUVER-WOOD, VALLANCE & LEGGAT, LTD.  TORONTO- 94 BAY STREET.  n  PROMPT     SHIPMENT.  ��  )W**********W***********'**^^^ *****  Miners* Sunshinei1  THE NEW MINE LIGHT  BETTER   and CHEAPER  than CANDIES,  TJsed by the largest mines in the United States  and Canada.  ALSO  Snowflake Granite Mining Candles  And  High Grade  lubricating Oils and Greases  Made and Sold by  WRITE FOR ESTIMATES  MNY,I1  HEAD OFFICE,  WINNIPEG.  Branches in British Columbia:  ROSSLAND,  NELSON, FERNIE, GRAND FORKS,  REVELSTOKE; CRANBROOK, VANCOUVER. '  ��2  ^^^^^^^^  U-.  Pi  w  ���*?  r 1*  ��va  '��'**  P "WW  ���.���wM'iMWjunummiwfimm -*Jj  1  vet  a  t  m  u.  -��i  c  I  p./  1  MM  k��M?S  ^1v  v.  S"   ���>���:  Mi-  BOUNDARY'S MINES AND SMELTERS  SOUTHEASTERN BRITISH COLUMBIA  .. Being. HOLIDAY NUMBER * fc...  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL, PHOENIX, B.C., DECEMBER, 1905  Boundaries of the Boundary.  THE section generally known as  Boundary district of southeastern British Columbia comprises territory that may be  said - to be approximately*  twenty to thiity miles square. The  lower line of this section is the international boundarydine between- British  Columbia and the state of Washington  in the United States. Its eastern line  may be placed at the divide of the  Gold range mountains, the western  line some twenty or thirty miles west  of this, while the northern line largely  includes the drainage area of the North  Fork,, West Fork and mam Kettle  rivers.  To be more precise, the Boundary  substantially includes the Greenwood  and Grand Forks mining divisions of  British Columbia,1 and the dividing line  of these two divisions runs almost directly through Phoenix.  Greenwood mining division, with recording office at Greenwood, and Wm.  G. McMynn as gold commissioner and  mining recorder, includes such camps  as West Fork, Canyon City, Rock ci eek,  part of Central, Smith's, Copper, West  Copper, Deadwood, Kimberly, Long  Lake, Providence, Skylark, and part of  Phoenix ca.ups.  Grand Forks mining division, Sydney R Almond, gold commissioner  arid mining recorder, with office at  Grand Forks, takes in part of Central  or White's, Wellington, part of Phoenix, Summit, Pass creek, Brown's,  Knight's, Seattle, Volcanic, and others  on the North Fork, Frariklm and the  coal camps, Burnt Basirfaxid Christina  lake.  Within the more or less arbitrary  limits of what is known as the Boundary,district, so called because much of  the developed property lies not far  from the international ...boundary line,  are located the high and low grade  mines that have made this' section so  well known in mining and investing  circles in the .United-/ States and  Canada.  Boundary s Early Days.  i  WHATEVER may be thought  of the mining man today  who can," if he wishes, travel'into-the heart of the.  Boundary on a palace car,  om must admire the pluck and determination of the veritable pione jrs who  patiently   plodded  over  what   was  a  . trackless  wilderness  twenty  or  more  years  ago, and  by   their camp  fires  built  castles  in  the air of the future  importance of this, section-as a metal--  , lurgical  centre.     Many of them, no  Others, filled  to the Dnm with the  faith that was in them   for <the  future  greatness of the Boundary, never lost  heart, although  it was almost  heartbreaking  work  to stay with a country  that had  more enemies than friends,  and that was many miles  from  transportation of any kind.    It  is  exceed-,  inglypleasa-t, however, to make note  of the palpable fact that many an old-  timer, who  did   not   lose   faith,  but  mingled  some honest  toil with that  faith as admonished in the  Scriptures  to do, received his reward;    We could  give a list of many such if need bt:���  VIEW OF PHOENIX BEFORE  A^j&lkh OR WAGON  ROAD HAD BEEN BUILT���  THEN   CAlXtfft'"GREENWOOD  CAMP.  doubt, after a few months spent in  hardship in the Boundary, with nothing  but a deer tnil and the sun to guide  them, decided, and, as they thought,  wisely, that the game was not worth  the candle, and betook themselves to  other fields that were then more in the  public eye���and some of which have  doubtless been lost sight of altogether  in the remorseless whirligig of time,  that grinds exceeding small, with mining camps as with other things, if said  camps do not make good.  men who eventually were amply recompensed for all the hardships undergone in becoming the pioneers of the  Boundary district of British Columbia.  It is said that, according to the general understanding of the oldest of the  old settlers, the first white man to  come into what is now known as the  Boundary mining district of southeastern British Columbia, was Charles  Deitz, who arrived in this section in  the year 1857. Mr. Deitz is still a  resident of the Boundary, now living  .i ;v>2-  ,'���..'.-.:.������������ .��� ' ' .....,-.-������... ^v..s-..,-.-'.;ri;��,;-.2;afe^  MQENIX PIONEER AND  BOUNDARY MINING JpURNAU  lifflMiiiiiiiii  miiiiM^WMift  ���:��� #"...:...���  1861  ^lliialliiiiirferi  M  :t.?.s  ;..���:,;���-./;;���������:  iilii*  :��i.v';:�� ;.-.^'��v  ���������^^l-:-  M&^a^  ���-it.  FUSE iii thern^*;;:  N��^ErH^4e?s promptly  carefully filled*  ���J;; ��� ^v -  "*$ PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  r\  i  in a comfortable old age on his ranch  not far from Midway. Old "Jolly  Jack" Thornton was supposed to be  the second man to reach this now well  known mining region. As early as  1862 Boundary creek was worked for  placer gold, and there ^was a small  settlement south of the international  boundary line, near where the town of  Midway is now located.  In the year 1884 the first mineral  claims in southern British Columbia  were staked.    These were the  Eagle  Buckhorn, in Deadwood camp. On  the 23rd of May, 1891, William Mc-  Cormack and Richard Thompson  staked the Mother Lode in Deadwood  camp, and on June 2nd of the same  year John East and William, Ingram  located the Sunset and Crown Silver,  in the same camp.  By this time the pioneer prospectors  were beginning to cross over the valley to where the city of Phoenix now  stands, and Henry White and Matthew  Hotter located the Old Ironsides and  ORE WRECK ON C*P_.B. NEAR PHOENIX.  on Hardy mountain by James McCon-  nell, and the Victoria and Washington,  afterwards Old England, on Rock  creek, a few miles above Kettle river.  W. T. Smith and John East came to  the Boundary distiict in 1^87, and located the Rocky Bar claim, now the  Tunnel, on Boundary cieek, near the  falls. In the same year they also located the Nonsuch in Smith's camp.  In the same year, 1887, the Bruce  claim, on Ingram mountain, near Midway, was also located by East.  Three prospectors,' George and  David Leyson and George Y. Bower-  man, located the Big Copper in what  is now Copper camp. The claim was  then known as the Bluebird. Afterwards they went over the Dewdney  trail to Rossland, where some locations  were also made, and the Boundary  claims . were allowed to lapse. The  King Solomon, in Copper camp, was  staked by Ed. Lefevre and James  Lynch,and in i88i$ it was acquired by  I). C, Corbin, of Spokane Falls and  Northern railway fame. In 1890-91  some locations were made by* James  Atwood and John Lemon near the  Knob Hill July 21st, 1891. James  Atwood and James Schofielc! located  the Stemwinder and G. W. Rumberger  and Joe Taylor located the Brooklyn;  other locations in this camp followed  in rapid succession. Atwood and  Schofield also discovered what is now  Summit camp, and made locations.  The high-grade Providence mine was  located in 1892 by William Dickman.  About this time Howard C. Walters,  an energetic' mining man from Spokane, came into the Boundary and  acquired ' a number of high-grade  claims, as no others would then pay to  work, with the nearest railvyay 75 miles  away, and no wagon roads or trails in  the country. However, Mr. Walters,  who had organized a company known  as Spokane & Great Northern Mining  Co., finally succeeded in getting in a  two stamp mill, which was set up at  , Boundary Falls, to treat the ore of the  American Boy and Boundary Falls  claims. Mr. Walters also bought the  Providence, and made some shipments  to the Everett smelter, which notwithstanding the great cost of packing on  mules to the railway at Marcus, Wash.,  netted . several thousands* of dollars.  Silver went down, however, in 1893,,  and^ this discouraged the prospectors  in the Boundary, and for a while this  section was pretty * nearly, deserted.  However, the Skylark, which was located in 1893 by James Atwood, is  said to have shipped ore which netted  more than $30,000.  FIRST CABIN IN PHOENIX.  $50,000 Ore Wreck oh C.P.R.  ON this page will be noted a view  of a wreck of an ore train that  occurred on the C.P.R., about  tour miles  from  Phoenix, on  the 23rd of August last year.  It was a remarkable accident, and no  less than 700 photographs were taken  of it by Phoenix artists and disposed of.  The train, consisting  of  25 cars of  Granby ore and one of the powerful  and  expensive side-geared  Shay locomotives, had been brought to a standstill some three miles above the wreck,  and  the air-brakes  worked properly;  on starting they were noticed to be out  of commission for most of the train.  Every trainman knew that this meant  a runaway, and that no human agency  could stop it..   The trainmen jumped  and  saved  themselves, and the entire  train, excepting one ore car and the  caboose,  after  running  several miles down the  hill at 75 to 100 miles  per hour, went to wreck  in a cut near , the  Oro  Denoro mine.  It is estimated that  the wreck cost the G.P.  R. at least $50,000, including the 750 tons of  ore. Fortunately no  lives were lost. One of  the most careful crews  on the C.P.R. was in  charge of the train, and  nothing has ever transpired as to the cause of  this expensive wreck. W^M^^^^^^M  RUSSELL* US^CAU  ROWLAND MACHINE  Itlt  �� \-l��  u '.*���  ^>-'*w������ii*��*��*"*1  i'   .;���������.*  H^^i^iiiSI  ^^niw^'^3*yw��af*^ PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  GRANBY  ���' Operating the Greatest Copper Mines and Smelter in Canada.  IT is not an easy matter to relate a  complete story of: the Granby  Consolidated Minings Smelting &  Power Co., Ltd., within the limits  of any ordinary publication. Its  history is so intimately bound up with  that of the Boundary district, thai it  forms a large part of that, history, and  consequently but a few of; the salient  facts in connection with the company's  now widely known copper mines and  smelter can be given here.  The Granby ^mine's grew from a  mere mineral location, that many prospectors would not look at a second  time; to a concern that is now universally conceded to be second to none  in the Dominion of Canada for economy of operation and amount of ore  mined and smelted, as well as for copper produced. - Today it has eight  furnaces at the smelter which'are treating about 2,700" tons of Phoenix ore  per day, the reduction works being  equipped "with every device known to  modern smelting for economical and  expeditious operation���and many tnat  most smelters are not equipped with.  At the mines, here in Phoenix, the  equipment is equally complete, although  it is being added to each year, as the  average . daily output is increased.,  When the editor of the Pioneer saw  the first train- load of ore going out of  this camp, m July, 1900, he did not  think he would ever see. the product  reach the present proportions. But  now it bids fair to be increased still  more in the not distant future.  Fourteen years ago last July the Old  Ironsides and Knob Hill mines, were  located by Henry White and his partner, Matt Hotter. They had been  prospecting over near Rock creek,  where White's iar was staked,and Mr.  White conducted a store there for four  years. In the summer of 1891 they  prospected up Boundary creek, and  came up through Skylark camp to the  present location of Phoenix.    On the  21st of July Mr. White, 'noticing the  tremendous surface showing on the  Knob Hill, planted the location stakes  of the two claims���the beginning of  mines that were, in time, to make the  Boundary famous and to be known  over the world as dividend payers.  Mr. White and partner held the  claims till 1895, when they sold an in<-  terest to Jay P. Graves, of Spokane.  In the fall of 1896 active development  was started, with Mr. White in charge,  and from that dav to this there has  practically never been a cessation of  development work oh the group.; Mr.  White gave H. P. Palmerston, of Spokane, a quarter interest in both claims,  and in 1895 the Old Ironsides Mining  Co. was organized, the Knob Hill  Gold Mining Co. being formed the  next year. Mr. White is still a shareholder in the consolidated company,  and it is needless to say has inore  faith than ever in the properties. ^  If anyone thinks that Mr. White and  '��',?  %��f  GRANTS SMRLTER���BEFORE RECENT ENLARGEMENT,. ate  ���<:������'.:\  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  JI'*'-  Mr. Graves had an easy time in getting  the two mining companies on their  feet and in providing the capital for  iheir development, they are much  mi =taken. Rossland was in its infancy  then, and anything like a low grade  copper proposition did not take with  the investing public in the west. In  Spokane bankers looked askance on a  man known to be mixed up in mines.  How different it is today, when it is  known that Spokane's most successful  citizens laid the foundation of their  fortunes in mining cair.ps.  = However, Mr. Graves persevered,  and. associated with Aubrey L. White,  succeeded in interesting capital from  the Eastern Townships of Quebec, S.  C. H. Miner and friends, who looked  carefully into the matter, finally raking  a large interest.in the enterprise. After  that matters progressed, more rapidly,  ahd deve'opment was done on an  >incr,asin'r,y  extensive scale,  showing  up  the gigantic  ore   bodies of  the  group. ,  William Yolen Williams  was  made  superintendent of the Granby group in  the spring of 1898, and me greater  part of the several miles of development was done under his supervision,  he resigning on July 1st, 1904. A. B.  W. Hodges, who built and operated  the company's smelter, was made general superintendent of the company on  Mr. Williams' retirement, and since  that date has had entire charge of  both mines and smelter. v  Up to 1897 there had not been 150  feet of work done on the Old Ironsi ies,  the No. 1 shaft being down 100 feet,  with some drifting. Mr.Williams started  work on the Knob Hill Nov 1 tunnel,  as well as continuing the exploration of  the Old Ironsides claim, and before  the end of that year it became known  that can ore body of almost fabulous  width, length, and no one knew how  .V-.i'V  '���)>���  ;;��v--:;'  ���0  j."'...-.'  :;&?  ':W&-  '���-*-$  ?-'''  "1.-^ .-���  '$sf$  ''���'  "{���'���''"���  .'..:  %'frut.  >'&��'&���''������;��� ���:o"<v>  I  Ik  m>  4fc  ill  15^  m  i\iK  m  m  \fc:  JAY P.  GPAVES, -.MAXAGBR GRANBY COT  '"0VM>t\  deep, had been explored, and the attention of the mining world began to  be attracted.  About, or just before this time, Mr.  White and Mr. Graves succeeded in  interesting '.Mr.; Miner, of Granby,  Quebec, in the group, as well as other  men of means from the Eastern Townships of that province. Some of the  Spokane men had become tired of  waiting and sold but their shares���  always at a profit, however, as Old  Ironsides dollar shares were quoted at  $r.io at one time, and Knob Hill  went as high as 95c.  More claims were acquired when it .  came to be more and  more realized  what a   tremendous  proposition   was  here,   and the first Granby  smelting  'company was organized, as well as the  Grey Eagle company.   Eventually these  four companies  were consolidated in  the   Granby    Consolidated    Mining,  Smelting and Power Co., Ltd., with a  Capital of $15,000,000.  ' The smelter- had   been erected  at  Grand Forks with .an  initial capacity  -;6f-two. furnaces,  which was later increased to four, and about two years  ago  to  six, with a  total   capacity of  treating 1,800,tons of ore daily.    Last  fall two furnaces, larger still, were added,  the daily maximum capacity now being  2,700 tons.  From the beginning the owners of  the Granby% mines were favored by  havi-ig an ore that needed no outside  ores to help it to flux���make it run well  in the hlast furnaces���being almost  a perfect self fluxing ore "its-elf. This  was greailyin its favor, and the mo?-t  was made ot it, reducing the expense  of treating it to the minimum.  The first steam plant was brought to  the Old Ironsides mine in September,  1897, and the. next spring two drills  were operated with it. It was hauled  over poor roads from Marcus. In 1898  the tir^t lulf of a ten-drill compressor  was installed, and shortly after the  second half was put in. Then in 1900  a ten-drill compressor was placed at  Knob Hill mine, and the two connected. Contrast this with the present  magnificent ^equipment of machinery,  a sixty drill tandem machine, operated  by two 700 horse power electric motors,  all' of which are the largest of the kind  in operation in Canada, and which furnishes ample ^ower for pumps, hoists  and a splefldid machine shop. One  can then get some idea of the changes  that have taken place and. the nupor-  fiice,- in a r.ommercial way, <f die  undertaking.  In ihe month of July, 1900, the  first ore train was gent down to the  company's smelter at Grand Forks,  then just finished with two furnaces.  F1  Hi  *2  m  N  it ii73  m  re  __ -j:, w* **&��*&** ^IJCOSj&Tj ���1>H0ENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  1  ft  ft  ItVU  A.   It.   W.  HODGES  GEN.   &UPT.  GRANBY  CO.  At first the ore shipments were at the  rate of about 350 tons daily, but were  shortly increased to 700 tons per day.  The next year two more furnaces being  added to the smelter equipment, the  shipments were again increased to some  1,200 tons daily. This rate continued  for a year or two, and in the meantime  the smelter equipment was again being  augmented. After many delays, in  the fall of 1903 six blast furnaces be- '  gan the work of reducing nearly 1,800  tons of Phoenix ore per day, and last  fall another increase brought the capacity up to 2,700 tons, which rate has  since and is now being; maintained  steadily. The machinery plant at the  mines in Phoenix has a capacity of  getting.out at least 5,000 tons of ore  dai y.  Ore shipments from lhe Gianhy  mines for the last five and a half years  have been as follows :  1900    64,53310ns  1901    231,762 tons  1902. . ... ...... . . . .   309,858 tons  1903. ...   ..... ;..-.393;718 tons'  1904.������.'���. v. v. .549.7��3tons  1905 (estimated)... .660,000 tons  Total........ 2,209,5 74 tons  It is-probably'a fact that no mining  company in British Columbia is constantly adding to and bettering its  equipment more than the Granby Co^;  The necessity of saving every few cents  possible on each ton of ore sent to the  smelter on account of the acknowledged low grade of the ore, has  brought economiesthat have heretofore  been unthought of in the history of  mining, at least in this province. Going more into detail as to what has  been done by this company in the last  year or two, the following may be mentioned :  New machinery installed during two  or thre'j) ears includes two Canadian  Rand class L cross-compound duplex  air compressors, electrically dm en and  connected to motors by rope drives,  high pressure cylinders 16x36 inches,  lo.v pressure cylinders 28x36 inches,  rated capacity together, 8,228 cubic  feet of free air per minute, or 60 3^  inch machine drills; two 700 horse  power type C Westinghouse induction  motors, to operate compressors; one  type No. 1 Thew automatic, single-  truck steam shovel, rated capacity 500  to 700. cubic yards in ten hours; one  type No. 3 automatic, single-truck  steam shovel, capacity 1,000 to 1,500  cubic yards in 10 hours, and two 9x14  saddle tank locomotives, for hauling  the mine ore cars from the workings to  the ore bins.  This machinery is all of the mos*  modern and approved manufacture,  and calculated to materially assist in  the reduction of costs in the production of ore.  In addition to the above, last fall  new ore hunkers at the Great Northern  railway terminal were constructed for  the No. 3 tunnel, and electrical equipment for hauling ore, including the  first electric locomotive in the Boundary, were installed. All of this electrical machinery was supplied by the  Canadian Westinghouse Co., of Hamilton, Ont., and is of the latest and  most improved type.     A huge style B  O.   B    SMITH,  .TR ,  '  MINE  Sl'PT.  GRANBY   CO.  Blake-Farrell ore crusher was also installed for the No. 3 ore bins, similar  to that in use for some time at the No.  1 ore bins, having jaws opening 42x32  inches, and a capacity for crushing  rock to the size of 7 or 8 inches at the  rate, of 150 tons per hour. A third  ore crusher of the same great capacity  has just been ordertd for the head-  works of the new main three-compartment shaft, where also an electric hoist,  250 horse power���the largest in British  Columbia���will be put in by the  Tenckes-Machine Co.  STBAM SHOVEL WOBPING IN ORE QUARRY.  I ���;���������:���'.���;������.,:������:������.��� ���: .Vo".. ������������ .,���''������ ^jw^.&fe^  $1  ;PH0EN1X��PI0NEER AND  BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.   L .���       ��a. w���hyir*Wrt.��Wiw^Lfc^jrfttltMjr^JflW^^;  rrrm&mV^V'iSkVSP ^T^$" "nIT^  0%m  i-".if>w5ft.,i jiff   H*f_r^. PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  GRANBY  MINES OFFICE.  ORE  LOADING AT GRANBY MINES.  As to size of the ore bodies in the  Granby mines, several statements have  been published, and while not always  official, it is hardly too much to state  that most of them, large as they appeared, were probably not exaggerations. When it is said that there are  50,000,000 tons of ore, the boundaries  of which have been explored, the  figures seem almost incomprehensible,  yet mining men conversant 'with the  conditions have made statements even  broader than this. It can readily be  seen that even at the present rate of  nearly 3,000 tons of ore daily for shipping and smelting, this ore body will  last for many, many years. Then the  company has announced its intention,  some  time  in the future, of driving a  long and deep tunnel, to reach the ore "  bodies at a depth of upwards of 1,500  feet,  thereby opening  up untold mil-,  lions of tons more.  Granby Smelting Works.  ECONOMY has been the keynote  of -the Granby Co. since the  beginning of operations at the  .mines and at the reduction  works, and at the - latter even  the casual -observer can see that this  keynote has been the cause of the successful operation of the smelter. The  most experienced of metallurgists have  expressed surprise and admiration when  seeing   the^ several   smelters  of   the  Boundary for the first time, that the  ores can be reduced so economically,  but those of-. ,the - Granby. Co. are the  cause of no little deserved admiration.1  To one man is justly given the credit  for the present satisfactory state of  affairs���Mr. Hodges. ,   ti  The Granby reduction works are  located on the North Fork of the  Kettle river, about a mile. above the  town of Grand Forks, the location being all that could be desired for the  building up of a great industry of this  nature.  The science of smelting has been  reduced here to the least possible  expense, with the greatest possible  results, when cost of labor and coke  are considered, of any smelter in this  GENERAL  VIEW Off. G&ANBY MINES,  PHOENIX,  B.C. PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  1  V  i  >  v t  t '  f  i ��� i  ('  f'!i ���  it .  ill'1   ,  ill!  .' i  ���ir|  m  ml  TO  I  .!'.;  1:  ���i'.  !;,  1 l  j'  *r i  1  1   J  t  I  &l  i.i.  V-  -l!  GRANBY SELF-CHARGERS ENTERING FURNACE ROOM.  or any other land. At least, this is  the opinion of experienced smelter  experts from abroad, who have come  to examine, half disbelieving, but who  have gone away thoroughly convinced.  Of course, there are excellent reasons  for this most satisfactory state of aftairs.  In the first place, the management of  the Granby Co. secured the best man  available to be superintendent of the  works. Then they utilized the waterfalls nearby for power, being transmitted by wire. Every known device for  working out the economical side of  .t^e, question was introduced, and old  ones were improved upon, including  even the automatic furnace chargers,  the invention of A. B. W. Hodges,  the superintendent. Last, but not  least, he was favored in the nature of  the Phoenix ore which he had to treat  ���this ore being practically of a self-  fluxing nature, thereby requiring no  roasting or mixing with other ores, and  comparatively little fuel to make it run  well in the furnace.  All these things aided in the magnificent results, in which also ample  capital and executive ability of a high  degree played a most important part.  The reader will do well to remember  that at Grand Forks is located,the  largest copper-gold smelter in Canada,  which is now turning out approximately  24,000,000 pounds of copper bars  yearly, besides the gold and silver  values. Not only is it the largest reduction works of its nature in the ~Do-  minion, but it is operated at the minimum of cost, and with a success that  has enabled the company to already  begin the payment of profits to the  shareholders, with the probability of  its being continued for a indefinite  period, the company's Phoenix mines,  25 miles distant, having an almost inexhaustible supply of ore.  After working on the construction  for perhaps a year, the first furnace of  the Granby smelter began the work of  reducing the ores from the company's  mines August 13, 1900. Inside of  eight weeks the second furnace was in  operation. The success of these two  furnaces was so satisfactory that it was  at once decided to double the capacity  of the plant, and in , February, 1902,  the third furnace was started, the  'fourth being blown in the following  month. Still greater things in the  smelting line were projected, however,  and two more furnaces were ordered,  and; after many delays, were started  in the fall of 1903���making the full  battery of six furnaces then in operation at this smelter. This year two  larger furnaces were added to the plant,  which now has eight furnaces reducing  ore from the Phoenix mines.  At first the copper matte, the product of the blast furnaces, about 50  per cent1, fine, was shipped east, where  it was converted into blister copper  and the gold and silver values extracted. But by doing this the company paid freight across the continent  on some '50 per cent, of waste, and as  soon as possible a two-stand copper  converter, "was added to the plant,  which meant a large saving in the item  of freight alone. This converter has  not only handled the matte of the  Granby smelter,- but that of other  smelters,in the interior of British Columbia as well, when occasion required,  up to the present.  Chronology of Granby smelter :  Construction started July      1899  First ore received July,     1900  Sampling    department  started ,\ ..........Aug. 13,1900  No. 1 furnace blew in . .Aug.21,1900  Water over the dam first  time  .Aug.22,1900  First matte shipped from  the Boundary Aug. 29,1901  No. 2 furnace blew in  . .Oct. 13,1900  Converters started...... Jan. 14,1902  First shipment of blister  copper, 98 j�� per cent.  pure,... ; \.' Jan. 20,1902  No. 3 furnace blew in. . .Feb. 17,1902  No. 4     " "    . ..Mar. 17,1902  First hot slag run out. . Nov. 5,1903  No. 5 furnace blew in.. .Nov. 5,1903  No. 6     " "    ...Nov.  6,1903  Electric chargers started  on No. 6 furnace Nov. 8,1904  Last day for granulating  ���   slag  Mar. 17,1904  New stack completed . . .Aug. 6,1906  Nos.  7  and  8   furnaces.  blown in    Oct. 20,1905  SELF-CHARGERS UNLOADING IN FURNACES.  �����<r^r^t>r^pcifoa(aBtwirfy^  ���^^^^^^K^^m^m^n'r.  r&ftsffi JPHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  ir  COPPER CONVERTER PLANT AT GRANBY CO.'S SMELTER,  GRAND FORKS.  In regard to the tonnage of ore  treated at the Granby smelter since  the first furnace was started, August  21, 1900, the following figures tell the  story, the ore all coming from the  company's Phoenix mines, with the  exception of occasional small shipments from other Boundary, Kootenay  and Republic camp mines:  Tons  I900         62,387  1901       230,828  1902..  3I2>34��  1903.,  401,921  1904  596,252  1905 (estimated)  670,000  Grand total 2,273,728  For the.fiscal year ending June 30,  1905, the production of gold, silver  and copper at the Granby smelter was  as follows, the figures given being  official:  Copper    14,237,622 lbs.  Silver      212,180 oz.  Gold        42,884 oz.  For the same period of time the  following official figures have been  made public:  Mine development. 5,200 lineal feet  Diamond drill   development . / 3,148      "'"   "  Granby ore smelted 550,738 dry tons  Foreign ore smelted   39,382  "    "  Great Labor Saver.  It has been estimated that the new  system, by which the furnaces at the  Granby smelter are charged automatically, instead of by hand as heretofore  ���and as still practised in all other  British Columbia smelters���effects a  saving of about $80,000 per annum  to the Granby Co. It is the invention  of A, B. W. Hodges, the superintendent,'  and has worked admirably since being  installed last summer.  The eight furnaces, are divided into  groups of two each, each group being  served and charged by one* motor  train consisting of two or three cars  coupled together The cars are side  dumping, and each is divided into four  compartments, this arrangement ensuring the proper distribution of the  ore in the furnaces.  These trolley charge trains operate  all over the yards, where there is about  a mile of trackage, and are loaded with  the proper proportions of ore and coke.  The device is patented in the United  States, Canada and Great Britain by  Mr. Hodges. t  This last summer, when the two  new and larger blast furnaces were installed at the Granby smelter, other  improvements were made, including a  brick smokestack, additional electrical  equipment, more blowing engines, etc.  Electrical energy is obtained both  from the company's own water poiver,  near the smelter, and from the falls of  Kettle river at Cascade, 13 miles distant. The West Kootenay Power &  Light Co. is also just completing a  high tension line from Bonnington falls  on Kootenay river, nearly sixty miles  distant, and in a short time there will  be no further danger from shortage  of power, such as occurred a year  .ago  Taking it all in all, it is doubtful  if a more complete smelting plant can  be found on the American continent  than that of the Granby Co. at Grand  Forks. This, taken in conjunction  with the company's mines at Phoenix,  now so splendidly developed and  superbly equipped, would make ^ it  appear that the Granby Co. will, in-  LOADING CHARGE  CARS WITH ORE  AND  COKE. 12  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  deed, be a factor in the world's copper  market* arid be a profitable undertak-  ng for many years, r  ���M  : ��� ������!  !  Dividends Paid by Granby.  On the 16th December, 1903, the  Granby Co. declared a dividend of one  per cent on the issued shares of the  company, the amount disbursed at  that timebeing $1.33,630;' This was  the first dividend declared by any  company operating on low grade ores  in British Columbia.  ; Decern  announced a dividend, of three per  ^cent on the par value of the outstandings shares,  amounting to  $405,000,  payable January  15th,   1906. . This  I:makes a total of $538,630 in dividends  sdeClared by this company, and with  fthe; excellent condition ,in which the  amines are, as well   as  the   smelter,  coupled with the good price for copper,  \it isjthought that further dividends will  f be|forthcoming at more or less regular  intervals hereafter.    No company in  British Columbia, as  far as known,  |eyer; declared a dividend as large as  f the above. -  GRANBY   HOTEL.  i|||S Officials of the Granby Co.  JjllfWfiill list of officials of the Granby  |��p|is as follows :  fgjacob , Langeloth, of New York,  president; Jay P. Graves, Spokane,  JWash., vice-president and general manager ; G. W. Wooster, Grand Forks,  |B. "C, treasurer; Northrup Fowler,  jiNew York, secretary; directors, John  IStanton, Wm. H. Nichols, Geo. Martin  jLuther, s Jacob Langeloth, Geo. F.  i-Baker, jun.^and Payne Whitney, all of  |New York; Jay P." Graves and A. L.  QVhite, of Spokane; W. H. Robinson,  of Granby, Quebec; H. L. Higginson,  Arthur C.  James,  Geo. C. Clark, of  Boston; general superintendent, A.  B. W. Hodges; mine superintendent,  0. B. Smith, jun.; smelter superintendent, Wakefield Williams.  Head office, Grand Forks, B.C.;  eastern office, 52 Broadway, New York  City. Capital, $15,000,000, of which  $13,500,000 in shares has been issued  Granby holdings in Phoenix camp  comprise 25 mineral claims in the  heart of Phoenix camp, making all  told 692.79 acres of ground. The  claims are as follows : Knob Hill, Old  Ironsides, Victoria, Myrtle fraction,  Phoenix, Aetna, Fourth of July, Grey  Eagle, Banner, Tip Top, Triangle  fraction, Old Ironsides fraction, Monte  Carlo, Monte Cristo, Monte Cristo  fraction, Gilt Edge, Gold Drop, Gold  Drop fraction, Nuggett, Phillipsburg  fraction, No. 13, Monarch, Tamarack,  Tamarack fraction and Missing Link.  The last thirteen of " these claims were  purchased within the last year or two,  Nl it*  SECTION  OF GRANBY-HOTEL DINING  ROOM.  they adjoining the original dozen properties, and cost the company about  $432,000. From the work already  done on the recently acquired claims,  they are known to have the large ore  bodies of the others.  One of the important institutions of  Phoenix is the large Granby hotel,  built, by the Granby Co. for the accommodation of their employees, and  rented to W. S. Macy & Co. It is  the largest building in the city, situated  close to the mines, the structure being  three stories in height, and being electric, lighted and steam heated. Accommodations have been provided  here for over 200 men, the building  having cost the company something  like $30,000,  Mr. Macy has given the best of satisfaction to the-men who live with him,  which is testified to by the fact that he  has had the house under lease for  nearly six years. Having his own ranch  in the -Kettle ��� river valley, about ten  miles from Phoenix, from which his  table is supplied daily with the best  and freshest products of every kind,  he is sure of a steady supply at all  times.  Houses of this character are usually  termed " bunk houses," but that name  is a misnomer here, as the house is as  well conducted as most large hotels.  It has the personal attention of Mr.  Macy himself, who has a staff of some  15 or 20 employees. ��� The miners are  quartered two or'three in a room, and  are well cared for in every possible  way. Most of them have said that in  few hotels in the mining districts have  they been able to secure any better  fare���which fact speaks for itself as to  the manner in which the house is  conducted.  IIS;  ���"ml" ���  i  ���msM&M  a����MBra*PE!wsreae2ffl^ PHOEiNIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  *3  BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COPPER  CO  Now More Than Doubling Capacity of Smelting Plant.'  IN THE Boundary district there are  three mining corporations that  overshadow all others, not only  by reason of their importance in  the financial world, but because  of the large tonnage of ore produced  in the past, and which, unless all signs  fail, they will continue to produce with  1 increasing ratio in the future. The first  one of these to be organized was the  British Columbia * Copper Co., Ltd.,  comprising largely a number of New  York capitalists���gentlemen who believed in the possibilities of the Boundary nearly ten years ago, and believe  in them to an even greater degree  today. It required the strongest kind  of faith, when there was no railway  within eighty miles of .the mines, and  little prospect of any for years, to pay,  for instance, an item of some $3,000  for wagon haulage only on machinery  to the property, but that is exactly  what those gentlemen'did.  The British Columbia Copper Company was the outgrowth of investigations made in the Boundary in 1895  and 1896 by Colonel John Weir, of  New York.    After extended investiga  tions, he decided to bond among  other properties a prospect known as  the Mother Lode. Mr. Frederic  Keffer, of Cleveland, Ohio, who was  with him at the time, was put in charge  of the development work, and from  that day to this has retained management of the property, and the success  of its operations is largely due to his  painstaking and acknowledged ability.  The Mother Lode group of mines  is situated in what is known locally as  Deadwood camp, about three or four  miles from the city of Greenwood.  The Mother Lode was located on May  28, 1891, and in 1896 was bonded by  the gentleman above named, who, together with his associates, Messrs. F.  L. Underwood and Jas. F. Tichenor,  both of New York, formed the Boundary Mines Co. to develop the claim.  Work was started on the property in  September of that year, and in March,  1898, the British Columbia Copper  Co. was organized in New York, with  a capital of $1,000,000, to acquire and  operate the Mother Lode and adjoining claims of that group.' The company now owns as its  principal group,  . the Mother Lode, Primrose, Offspring,  Ten Broeck, Sunflower and Don Julio  mineral claims, being most conveniently located for economical working.  In 1902 the capital of the company  was increased to $2,000,000, in shares  of $5 each. The officers of the company are as follows: President, F. L.  Underwood; vice-president,1 F. L.  Sommers; treasurer and secretary, R.  H. Eggleston, all of New York city.  The general manager of the mines  from the start has been Frederic Keffer, M. E., who still holds that responsible position.  About two years ago J. E. McAllister became the smelter superinten-,  dent, and the success of the smelting  department of the company is due, in  large measure, to . the ability of Mr.  McAllister, he having entire charge of  all matters connected with the reducing of the ores of the company.^  For a number of years Mr. Keffer  had entire charge of all the business of  the company, but on account of the  greatly increased field of operations of  the company, Mr. Keffer was last fall  relieved of  the  work of the general  V  >"A  v .it  .-'���S'3  m  K  ft  BRITISH COLUMBIA COPPER   CO.'S SMEWER��� FROM^ATtfBT PHOTQGBAPH. o*M>''A,-'v--')'';;������ ,?:������,-, "���..-��� ������"',,   '.'���,.!/.���'. ���'.������.������.,f '������ :;:���������-,���v;|"^l^K''���%���r\?'^���''^���;'',i^''V^Oxa^"^;-Ii;'J  : r;;!!  Wir  *4  '^O^r^%^P BOUN DARY MINING JOUR^  ���in ;i!.-  gmanager and. made engineer of the  Ifppmpany's mining department, in  ^fcharge of all its mines and mining  ippperations, with headquarters in New  %'-York, while Mr. McAllister was made  ^jSlbcal manager in charge of smelter and  ;||business operations of the company.  Jf��|�� Other local officials are: W. C. H.  SjPVilson, cashier, in charge of, account-  Sling department; George Williams, as-  pisistant smelter superintendent; S. C.  ^!;Holman, mining superintendent; Geo.  >; |I). Paul, purchasing agent.  ]j}Mj: There was not even a 25 foot pros-  gSptct shaft on the Mother Lode in  1^1:896 when Mr. Keffer took charge of  ||jthe property and proceeded to make a  f||mine of it.' Now the foo.age of devel-  fllopment work totals over 12,000 feet,  ���f: or more than two miles, not taking  p'uito consideration the immense  |3$ainount of work done and being done  ||rjti the extensive' ore .qutrries being  g Operated so successfully by the cpm-  lS|iiuiy.    -  |:g| The   Mother  Lode is well named,  |.^;\for  the  lode found on the property is  Exceedingly large, on the surface vary-  iQing from 80 to 180 feet in width. This-  4uiode has been explored for a distance  of nearly   2,000   feet north from  the  ,; inain working shaft to where is  disappears  under heavy drift; and   a  lar-e  ^surface   exposure   on   the   Primrose,  :  some   700   feet   in the opposite direction, also showa the continuity to  the  south,   of ore bearing rock, the whole  making a gigantic body of ore.  ;;::;-;;v^The    main     double - compartment  - ; shaft of the Mother Lode is down 350  feet, with long drifts running  from the  60,  3oo and  300-foot levels.   This  GENERAL  VIEW OP  MOTHER LODE  MINE.  shaft is now being deepened and made  a four-compartment shaft and will be  sunk probably 200 to 300 feet more  in the near futuie, recent extensive  borings with the diamond drill having  proved the existence of excellent ore  bodies at considerable depth. . At  present the smelter's two furnaces are  being supplied to a large extent from  the surface ore quarries.  , The main ore quarry has been  opened well up the side of the Mother  Lode hill, other openings having been  made at other levels, and tunnels run  beneath, through which the ore is  dropped from the large quarries, and  thence  taken   at   small  cost  to  the  crushers,   which  are  located at   the  mine itself.  Ore shipments, from   the Mother  Lode, by years, have been as follows:  Tons  ��� �� '��� ���  1990  1901  1902 .-'.   1903 ������ ��� ������������ ���  1904 . . .'   1905 (estimated)  Total   ��   ���   ��   *  f  4   ���   ���  ��  ���  ���t��     ���       ���      ���  99>��34   I4'>326  . :.M38>��79   i74>298  ...;. 180,000  FREDERIC KEFFER,   M.E.,  ENGINEER B.C.  COPPER CO.,  LTD.  7^8,07 7  The Mother Lode has been steadily  developed quite as long as any mine in  the Boundary, and longer than most of  the properties. It was the first mine  to have a power plant capable of doing  much development. In 1898 a ten-  drill straight line air compressor was^  hauled to the mincTiom Marcus, Washington, then the nearest railway point,  the cost for hauling alone being about  $3,000. In j 901 a 40 drill cross-compound condensing Ingersoll-Sergeant  air compressor, with four more boilers,  and a first-motion Jenckes hoisting en  girie, with other plant, were added to  the equipment. The company -has  erected comfortable and commodious  mine buildings and residences for the  employees, the number employed at  the mine now being from 100 to 125.  The smelter equipment of the B.ut-  ish Columbia C()pperCoVv^td>,. comprises the usual complement : of S>re  crushers, cornish rc)lls, sainple grinders,  e;c.,.jn:tbe\'s&  is  supplied   with  two:   Allis-Ghalmers  stack fornices, 42 inches wide by '*5��  inches long, inside dimensions of tuy-  >��� -"'-5  V  \:i  r.4  $  **  fc'<  Bfci  r"  I  L  ��� a*  i' "���*��&���  Hi  m  ... ...  j^^.s^Sk  nCTWWSflrJW:  Us  ���i'y Wtms^W^&^M^^^;'^i ^pffpps-  T3  '*��  '\m  r iJi  :*-  i.  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  i$  |''",V  y^  l<:  eres, of which there are ten on each  side, of s}4 inches in diameter. At  first the power for the two No. T/4  Connellsville blowers, as well as for  other purposes,; was furnished by a  Reynolds-Corliss engine, rated at 150  horse power, there being three 100  horse power boilers to make the steam.  This was superseded, however, in 1904,  by electric power from Cascade, 25  miles distant, a contract having been  made with the Cascade Water, Power  and Light Go. "to, furnish all the power-  needed ���  The tonnage of ore  treated at  the  smelter, by years^ run :  1901 : 117,611  1902 i    148,600  1903 ; 4 '...:. 162,913  1904 ���...*. 210,484  1905 (estimated)  215,000  *>',   Total... % "852,608  ���   ,i  transformers to reduce voltage from  2,000 co 550; a 75 kilowatt motor-  generator to produce direct current at  250 volts, for driving electric crane,  and trolley locomotives; an hydraulic  accumulator and pump for tilting converters, rnn by 25 horsepower motor.  In the converter room there are two  converter stands equipped with all  necessary appliances; five shells are  provided; a 40-ton��� 4-motor electric  travelling crane handles * the matte in  5-ton ladles, which are filled by launders connecting with furnace fort hearth.  The flue dust is caught in specially  arranged steel and brick dust chambers,  and a briquetting plant makes this into  bricks for smelting. The building is  entirely of steel. A.spur from the main  line of the C.P.R. serves the converter  department of the works,, and no expense has been spared to make the  plant up-to-date in every particular.  FACI5  OF  ORE   QUAKRY���MOTHER LODE   MINE.  The best of results ��� have been obtained at this smelter in reducing ore,  owing to the ore itself being, like most  Boundary ores, of a self-fluxing nature,  that is^,needing but little outside ores  to inixfwith it to make it run well in  the furrkces. The first furnace was  blown in February 18, 1901, and the  second;in June, 1902.  , In .June, 1904,' the company began,  converting, its own matte.at the smelter, as a coverter*- building had been  erected, and two Jtaods of copper converters installed. .The converter plant,  designed by Mr. McAllister, includes  the following machinery: In power  house (81x40), a Nordberg blowing  engine, arranged for either steam or  electricity, capacity 5,000 cubic het of  air per minute, at 12 pounds pressure;  a 300 h^rse power Canadian General  electric Variable speed induction motor,  with switch boards, etc.;: two  sets  of  Largest Furnaces in  Canada.  Announcement is made this month  that the British Columbia Copper  Company, Limited, owning the Mother  Lode group of mines in Deadwood  camp, and the smelter at Greenwood,  has definitely decided to enlarge the  smelting plant along broad lines���-giving the concern much greater scope  than heretofore.  Contracts ruive been let to the  Power and Mining Machinery Company for three blast furnaces that will  be the largest in Canada. They will  have a'capacity of from 500 to 000  tons daily each, with health area of  48x240 inches. Furnace c.hai.ging will  be done from side dum|>ing cars,  which will be hauled by trolley locomotives, The molten slag will be  hauled a way from the furnaces by  electric locomotives in cars of 25 tons  capacity each.    The cars  are  to  be  furnished   by   the   M.  H.Treadwell,  Company, and each will   be ��� provided  with an electric motor for  tilting  the  car.  Three large blowers for the furnaces  will be furnished by the Roots Company, each being driven by a 300  horse power, motor. In addition to  these motors a too kilowatt motor-  generator will be installed^ together  with several smaller motors.  The smelter ore bins will be practically rebuilt, and made ten feet higher  to increase their capacity, and all the  railway spurs connecting with these  bins will be elevated to correspond.  Five trolley locomotives will be installed to haul ore from the bins to the  furnaces and slag from the furnaces to  the waste dump. A completely equipped machine shop will also be installed at the smelter, with all the necessary tools.  It has been definitely decided to  substitute electrical power at the  Mo.ther.Lp.djejmine for the steam-driven compressor. For this purpose a  500 horse power motor has been contracted for,- and also three 50 kilowatt  step-down, transformers will be located  at the mine. The ore crushers will be  diiven by the electric motors now in  service at the smelter, and they will  be replaced by larger machines. Elec,  trie apparatus will be furnished by the  Canadian Westinghouse Company,  while the new pumping plant comes  from the Canadian Foundry Company.  Steel will be used in the construction of the new-furnace building, and  a track scale of greater capacity than  that now in use will   also be installed.  It is the announced intention ot the  company to push forward the construction work as rapidly as the weather conditions will permit.  In some respects the Mother Lode  is fairly representative of the larger  copper-gold ore deposits occurring in  the Boundary district; The croppings  are in places soft oxides of iron from  decomposition of ore-bearing rock,  and in others unaltered magnetic iron  oxides, very solid and compact, carrying copper pyrites and gold. In still,  other places they are calcite with copper pyrites, iron pyrites, more or less  quartzose material, and carrying some  gold. These croppings differ from  those on the Granby company's Knob  Hill mine, in which specular iron occurs, a fine-grained magnetite being  more ��� generally characteristic of the  Mother Lode outcrops, the chief of  which was a big copper-stained blowout, standing out prominently and  distinctly noticeable from all of the  surrounding thinly timbered hills.  ���ix'  $*��������>!��� 10  Mr  Mil  'm  K.f-.  :n  j'i  W4  MS   n i  ;���!'.-  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  '���:';::.':Thfe:fpptwalV- as disclosed by development work, is for the most part  limestone; and the hanging wall a diabase.   ���Oh the footwall side there is  ���^ot';^:a;'ir^e^:.5h:^p transition  from  NOS. 1 AND 2 QUARRIES, MOTHER LODB.  ore-bearing to barren rock, but the ore  often grades into the country rock so  that it is often difficult to tell within a  few feet where the pay ore will run  out. On the other hand, the ore gives  place to the barren country rock on  the hanging wall side with comparative abruptness. The- chemical composition of the hanging wall and of the  ore lying against it���leaving out the  pyrites���is often quite similar. Here,  as at the Old Ironsides, Knob Hill  and B. G, porphyry dykes intrude,  and it is considered quite probable  that these intrusions affoided means  of ingress for the ore carrying solutions from beneath, consequently the  presence of a porphyry dyke is usually  regarded in this district as a favorable  indication when prospecting for ore.  The general trend of the lead or ore  deposit is north and south. The ore  bodies pitch to the east at an angle of  65 to 75 degrees. The ores themselves may be classed in three general  groups: 1. A calcite carrying copper  pyrites and iron pyrites, these sulphides sometimes being massive and  sometimes scattered in small crystals  throughout the rock.    Some quartzite  is also often present. 2. A silicate of  liine, iron, magnesia and alumina, carrying both copper and iron pyrites,  massive or scattered, and frequently  also quartz, garnets or serpentine;  often all three together. Occasionally, too, a small quantity of zinc blende  occurs in this class of 01 e. '3., An ex  cessively hard magnetic wide of iron,  with silica andr coppei pyrites; not  often,much iron pyrites.  All these ores carry gold, and small  quantities of silver as well- There has  been found near the lime wall on the  200 foot level, ore with calcitic gangue,  carrying galena and zinc blende, and  assaying well in silver, but not in sufficient quantities.to regard it as a separate class. The several varieties of ore  above described blend into one another, more or less, but this general  classification holds good with the  Mother Lode.  The ore body on the Mother Lode  group is similar in- many respects to  that in the Granby mines, except v.hat  it is not so large. For several years  development work was done underground, and much crosscutting and  drifting at^the 200 and 300-foot levels  .has proved that here, too, a large body  0/ ore of shipping grade is available.  , Taken altogether, there seems, 111  conservative minds, no doubt that, inasmuch as the British Columbia Copper Company has secured a group of  mines which are well equipped with  machinery and whose ores are admirably adapred for blending, and has a  smelter of its own, it will at no distant  date join the profit sharing column..  The Emma Mine.  [N POINT of shipments and men  employed the Emma mine, in  what is known as Summit camp,  about five miles from Phoenix, is  the most important mine in that  camp. This property originally belonged to W. T. Smith, a well known  Boundary pioneer, and Mackenzie,  Man & Co.; the latter of Toronto.  Some three years ago Mr. Smith sold  his interest, one quarter, to the Hall  Mining and Smelting Company, of  Nelson^ that company finding the iron  ores of the Emma, with some copper  values, just the thing for fluxing purposes���for which previously barren  iron- ore had been 'purchased. .The  Nelson smelter people operated the  propeity and took out many' thousands  of tons of ore, some of which they  used themselves, the balance going to  the different smelters of Kootenay and  Yale. It was found by experience  that  the  ore was admirable  for the  special purpose intended,   having  be  sides some values therein.  In June, 1904, J J. Campbell,comnK:r-  cial agent of the Hall Mining and  Smelting Company^ secured the interest of Mackenzie, Mann & Co. in the  Emma, and later disposed of this  three-fourths interest to the B. C.  Copper Company, of Greenwood. An  arrangement was then entered into  between the two owners by which the  mine was to be, and is being, operated  by the B. C. Copper Company, of  which,Frederic Keffer is engineer.  During the year 1905 a double-  compartment incline shaft has been  sunk to a depth of 185 feet, and a  drift, some 150 feet in toward the ore  from the 150-foot level. This drift  has been in excellent ore for over 65  feet, the face of the workings now  showing up very well indeed. x\ new  gallows  frame  has  been erected and  D ...  shipping bins built/  It is the intention of the management to replace the present steam  plant as soon as possible with an electrically driven plant, which when done  will put the Emma in thorough shape  for continuous underground  working.  To the present time . much the  greater portion of the ore has come  from open quarries.  In the last five years the Emma  mine has produced approximately 78,-  000 tons of ore, as follows:    "  1901        650 tons  1962 '.��.'.; ���'. 8,530 tons  1903 \ ��� 22,937 tons  1904 f) 38,000 tons  1905 (estimated)........    8,20b tons  Total ..;     78,317 tons  EMMA   MINK ORE QUARRIES,  m  m  m  ^5W-T.T5WES5SM!fflifejra3 ..ft'.  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  17  *3��  IBS  ft  v*.  -fit  ��*����  A MILLION FOR BOUNDARY POWER  To Supply Mines and Smelters of This Section.  ADEQUATE and cheap power  is an essential to the economic  operation of low grade mines  ���wherever they may be located. When "bres run an  average of $5 per ton, more or less, in  all values, the question of cheap power  becomes a vital one for both mines  and reduction works.  Last winter the mines and smelters  of the Boundary were face fa-face-with  a shortage of the much required power,  owing to the low water in the Kettle  river at Cascade, where the power is  now generated and delivered by the  Cascade Water, Power and Light Com  pany, Limited. With the increasing  requirements of both mines and smelters here, it seemed for a time a grave  question, as the generating plant at  Cascade was then,running to its limit  and delivering all the power obtainable  from Kettle river.  At this juncture the West Kootenay  Power and Light Co., Ltd , .which had  been doing business in supplying light  and power for the mines, smelters and  cities of Rossland, Nelson,7-- etc., announced its intention of constructing  a high-tension power line from the  generating works at Bonnington Falls,  on Kootenay river, ten miles below  Nelson, across two ranges of mountains and into the Boundary district���  a distance, all told, of some 80 miles.  Contracts for the delivery of power  were made with the mining and smelter men of the Boundary, and ; L. A.  Campbell, general manager of the  Bonnington concern, immediately  awarded contracts for the necessary  additional generating machinery and  for the construction of the double pole  lines to the Boundary.  This solution of the threatened  power troubles was received with much  satisfaction by Boundary mine owners,  as the Bonnington people owned  thousands of unharnessed horsepower  in the Kootenay river, vwhich only  awaited: devel opment and harnessing  to be made available for industrial  purposes.  At Bonnington the present plant  has an output of 4,000 horsepower,  being distributed in Nelson, where it  is used for running part, of the city  lights, the reduction works of the Hall  & Smelting Co. and P. Burns  & <3o.'s refrigerating plant. At Trail  it is;;.-us^.;^f6ri.pt>%eir''fdr the- operation  of the Canadian Smelting Works,  being the only power used there in  both smelter and lead refinery. At  Rossland this power is used for lighting the city, and for running the air  compressors at the War Eagle, White  Bear and Jumbo mines, and also to  operate the crushers and other machinery at the LeRoi, LeRoi No. 2,  Centre Star and Spitzee mines.  This plant has been in operation  for several years, but the demands of  the Boundary mines and smelters have  called for the expenditure of about  one million dollars additional by the  company for generating machinery and  in constructing the Boundary high  tension long distance transmission  lines.  New Plant for Boundary Work.  The plant now being installed is situated at what, is known as the upper  Bonnington Falls, the old plant being  at the lower falls. The new plant will  have a capacity of 32,000 horsepower  hydraulically, and at the present time  the company is installing two 8,000  horsepower waterwheel settings, manufactured by the I P. Morris company,  of Philadelphia. The two new generators being installed will have a capacity at 100 per cent, power factor of  8,000 horsepower each, and are being  manufactured by the Canadian General Electric Company. That company  is also supplying two 300 horsepower  exciters, while the I. P. Morris Company is supplying the waterwheels for  the driving of said exciters.  All step-up transformers at the Bonnington plant have a total capacity of  20,000 horsepower and are being supplied by the Westinghouse Electrical  Manufacturing Company. All switchboard apparatus is being supplied by  the Canadian General Electric Company.  For some months there have been  under construction two 69,000 volt  power lines from Bonnington to Greenwood, a distance of very close to 80  miles. These lines go through Traili  Rossland, Cascade, Grand Forks and  Phoenix, and each line will be capable  of delivering 7,000 horsepower at  Greenwood. In fact, the lines, switching apparatus, transformers and generators are all in duplicate, in order to  insure continuous service.    It is pro  posed to carry a pressure of 60,000  volts at the generating station at Bonnington, and deliver 55,000 volts at  the different distributing stations in  the Boundary country.  At Phoenix the company is erecting  a sub-station having a step-down capacity of 3,000 horsepower in the  transformers, and at Grand Forks an  exact duplicate of- this , sub-station is  being erected which will have a total  step-down capacity of 6,000 horsepower. At jGreenwood a duplicate of  these two houses will be erected,which  will have 3,000 horsepower capacity^in  step-down transformers. Thec step-  down transformers for the above three  sub-stations are being supplied by the  Westinghouse Electrical Manufacturing Company, and all switchboard apparatus by the Canadian General. Electric Company.  The insulators which are being used  on this new - Boundary power line are  being supplied by the Locke Insulator  Manufacturing Company, of Victor,  New York. Each insulator weighs 36  pounds and is tested to. 120,000 volts  for 15 minutes.  New Distributing Company.  The West Kootenay Power & Light  Company, Ltd., has closed a contract  with the British Columbia Construction and Distributing Company, Ltd.,  to supply it with 10,000 horsepower in  Rossland, the two corporations being  affiliated. The latter company is doing  all the work of constructing the pole  lines, etc., from Rossland to Greenwood, and will have charge of the distribution of the power over the new  lines.  Manager Campbell expects to have  the complete plant in operation and  ready for business by the first of May  next, although power will probably be  supplied before that date to the Granby smelter at Grand Forks, over one  of the lines, should there be a particularly dry season this winter, as  there was last, thereby cutting down  the present supply of power- already  available in the Boundary.  It is.the intention of the company  to supply the low grade mines and the  smelters of the Boundary with an  abundance of cheap power and to  give a continuous service. The apparatus which has been purchased is the ���'I i.  m  w  r?H 'I  , !m  i  ���1  "If  I!.!'!!  2-H: 7*'  w�� Li!  Pi'-''  !;['"������  , 41-;'  if-  ijtr'  Hi ���  ill: ..'���  lie;!  ���  t].Ki'  il*  m  I  "ii'l!1  ,PHV'  r'i'vi' ���"���  !i;if j.,:,   .  I h:  I1W.VL  :  hit';  >  1 a.'sr '���  i !,r4- .:  ill ."  iijllli: .'. -  !   l,'5'c!   ! ���  nine! ���������'-  111. Ui':  ���  #1  '���  V 1 -  $'  ���4  w  l\  ft   {���'  ���     K  I'l  ��.i  i^>A  18  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  If  5E52515E5H5E525E5E  5^5,5^^^  Leading Hotel of Boundary's  Busiest Mining Camp  *i<  Headquarters for Mining  and Commercial Men  ��i��  Convenient and Well Arranged  Sample Rooms  ��� .  *      * <        ,    :  Rooms Largs and Airy,  Dining Room the Best  JOHN A! McMASTER,  Cor. Khob Hill Ave., 9Pp, Eastern  Townships Bank,-PHOENIX,B.C.  s*HS5525E5H5asa5^^  D  D  D  D  G  D  I)  0=  0  D  C  C  G  G:  ru  T-f'T  \v..������  -.^"IC���s-v�� J'~'���2^r".*-*ra��Wr  ?i��P  SJS^^SI  ..^. L**o*fflr**rm,K.^m^fl?rrwx^  ^^��$ PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  *9  best that money could secure in the  best markets of the world, and the  entire lay-out of the power plant has  been arranged in such a manner that  there will be no trouble in keeping up  uninterrupted service. The company  figures that, when this plant is in operation, it will be but a comparatively  short time until the produccion of  copper from the mines of the Boundary will have reached much greater  proportions, the element of cheap  power being largely responsible for  this condition of affairs.  In the Boundary country announcement was made some months ago that  pany, with its chief mines in Phoenix  camp and its smelter at Boundary  Falls, the latter having recently been  blown in, will doubtless wish to utilize  the cheaper electric power for the  present steam plants���it being merely  a matter of dollars and cents. And  in the low grade mining operations of  the Boundary district a few cents saved  per ton means considerable amounts  saved in the aggregate.  Then, it is known that the Canadian  Pacific has in mind the use of electricity for the operation of its system  into and through the Boundary, in  due course, where it is ' believed  that  tension electric power line from  Bonnington   to   Boundary's   mines  and  smelters,  Mr. Campbell  himself  has  had  the personal supervision of the  work  from  the beginning.     With  a  corps of able assistants, he has let no  grass  grow under his feet,   but has  pushed the construction from the very  start with all possible speed, the result  being  that tremendous progress has  been  made oh  the large task before  him,  its completion  being in sight.  Among other things, he was forced to  build miles of a wagon road  into the  mountainous country between  Rossland  and  Cascade,   spending   many  fr*  2,4  ETT-*  ���Ml  rRESENT POWER PLANT, LOWER BONNINGTON FALLS.  contracts for power had been made  with the Granby company for use at  both mines and smelter, and also with  the British Columbia Copper Co.,  Ltd., at Greenwood. The latter company has just recently announced extensive enlargements at the smelter, by  which the capacity of those reduction  works will be doubled, the contracts  already having been let for the necessary machinery. At this company's  Mother Lode mine the present steam-  driven air compressor will also have  electricity for motive power.  In addition to these large companies using and needing more electric  energy, the Dominion Copper Corn-  ore,   freight ,and  other trains can be  operated  on  the comparatively heavy  grades prevailing, at  much  less  cost  than with steam power, as at present.  Economy in costs  of operation  is  the word that has gone  forth  in this  section, and every year sees  some reduction    somewhere,     by   improved  methods, nevy inventions, greater  output, etc.    Even a novice  can  realize  that electricity will play an important  part���if not  the  most important���-in  this matter.    And  that there is ample  power  to  be  had at the magnificent  falls of Kootenay river at  Bonnington  is equally self-evident.  In the construction of the new high  thousands  of  dollars  on this matter  alone,   in  order  to get supplies in to  the construction camps and the heavy  cedar  poles,  crossarms,  wire and insulators on the construction line itself.  In addition to the double pole line,  carrying the power wires, a private telephone  line was also constructed on  the right of way,  for the exclusive use  of the company's employees. This line  is now working across the mountains,  being a great convenience.   The poles  and wires are now all  in place  from  Rossland  to the Granby smelter, the  right of way being cut clear of timber  and  underbrush  about ioo feet wide  the entire length of the line. ,;7te;i$.g,t;.._      .(   .... ... .  sir ������'  m  ...ft  w  ' ui-  ���ill"'  ml  ?���&;/?0- :v":;������^������4^.; .:':;-c^^ivsi^i^ipl|liigip|  ~��~����lMiai��t'JHI.iil81^_ !  PHOENIX  PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  m  ilUll.  4 Hi;.,  'il  Mir,  ���it m:  'Iff:  ���H ;���'.���:  MINES and REAL  ��� ������'&!���.��� ���:���.��� ���.���:���!;  flii  111  ?R0Ma residence o( fifteen years in the Boundary county, mAUjH  ' rhwougWy familiar with Mining Properties, Investments and I.Hes,  I am in a position to. give clients at home and abroad the information  desired. .  Can Ornish the particulars that intending investors wisK for regarding  :^0^1$�� and Prospects in the several camps of the Boundary.  Re^^     confidential information given and correspondence solicited.  llllll  EASTHr^  G. W. RUMBERGER  PHOEtflX, BRITISH COLUMBIA  LIVERY STABLE  GOOD DRIVING TEAMS  SENT TO ANY PART . . .  OP  THE   BOUNDARY . . .  BAGGAGE   TRANSFER  AND ...  HEAVY DRAYING.  & -  COAL,   WOOD, ICE,   HAY,  GRAIN,  OATSy WHEAT,  PEED, etc. ...  25' HEAD OP HORSES  CONSTANTL Y IN USE  Et   Prop.  Knob Hill Ave., PHOENIX,  tifti  ���:-.������ t?^a  lltt M  ���:i��'sp�� fe!;  ���Vy.'.:f^li!v.;'?'l  v.��S  1=.-: ���m  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  91  W  l     *7J  l.  v>ii  m  r  v.��B  i-riSS  saSS  G38*  ^>3  ft  DOMINION  COPPER COMPANY, Ltd.  One of Three Largest Companies Operating in the Boundary.  EXPERIENCE of mining men  in the Boundary has taught  the lesson that success in mining and smelting the low grade  copper-gold ores of this section can only follow the investment of  Jarge amounts of capital, coupled with  the most modern and approved 'methods of development, extiaction and  treatment���and all of it on an extensive scale.  Three corporations are head and  front above all others in Boundary  mining���the Granby Consolidated, the  British Columbia Copper Co. and the  Dominion Copper Co. The. latter  company has done the least development of the three, but is generally acknowledged to have in its Phoenix  camp properties mines of no little  merit. Outside of the company's officials, it is the general opinion in the  Boundary among the old timers and  others familiar with the Brooklyn  group of mines, in Phoenix camp, that  this group is one of the best in the  Boundary. While the ore bodies may  not be as large as some others, they  are known to make up in values,  to a  large extent, what they lack in comparative size���and their size is not  small, by any means.  In the past the Brooklyn group has  gone through several vicissitudes of  various kinds, but it is a source of satisfaction to note that the properties  are now in the hands of men who  thoroughly understand their business  ���that of mining and smelting���and  what is more, these men have already  made unquestioned successes of the  metallurgical enterprises they are engaged in. The properties are controlled by the Newhouse Untermeyer-  Guggenheim people, now profitably  operating mines and smelters in Utah  and Colorado.  Seven years ago the Dominion Cop  per Co., Ltd., was incorporated by  Hon. George A. Cox, Mackenzie,  Mann & Co., and others in Toronto,  they having acquired the six claims in  the Brooklyn group in 1898 from the  original owners. For a time the properties were worked under charge of  Frank Robins, M. E., and later James  Breen, well known in the northwest as  a smelterman, spent $125,000 on the  mines in development, with what are  said to be satisfactory results. As  superintendent Mr. Breen had John  L. Parker, who is now in charge of the  Brown Alaska Co.'s properties at Had-  ley, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska.  Mr. Breen, however, had a disagree  ment with the Toronto people regarding the construction of a smelter, and  for nearly three years the Brooklyn  group lay idle.  In the summer of 1904 the Montreal & Boston Consolidated secured a  contract for the purchase of the Brooklyn group from, the Toronto people,  and started working on the mines and  shipping the ore to the latter company's smelter at Boundary Falls. This  was continued for about eight months,  when the smelter and mines were  closed, the M. & B. Co. having defaulted on the payments to the Dominion Copper Co., the vendors, to  the extent of many thousands of dollars, and having taken out the ore in  the mines without doing any development work worth mentioning. Financial men in New York who had  advanced   funds   called   for   an   ac-  DOMIKION COPPER CO.'B SMBI^SB. BOUN��ABY>AMB. ',.{ i; 1\\[  Mtft  ���,ww&  ��� %%&�����������  J3-  mm  :fl-lfe  j      ;  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  w  S��' A.   l.f    �� f>.t    \ .\. h  Fr&  I *   **  ?   V:  -> n  ^  V  \ * r;   '       *���  i  O  t  t.��  ���������� ,  p***!^  $        <*  vl,   \  i i  ���& -^  ft  m^  pfFj^  i *  n <  *      "/-^  ">^��  , J><'>��. -^ ^*,  ywRr^.  I, ;h  >   I  . . .'>'���' :!' ('Vis-  eburitihg, and matters were at a stand-  '35i^Ss^a result, of the closedown in  fey^;i905, and the events that led up  \ tq it, the financiers in New York who  |r^Jadvanced funds to the Montreal  i&lJBbston Consolidated made an ar-  ^ra||^iiient with the Dominion Copper  IGcifix* complete the payments on the  |p>ro|^rties, and to take over the mines,  iasiwell as the original mines and  |smel|er of the Montreal & Boston  ^Consolidated. It was also decided to  ^issue:f$7oo,ooo in six per cent, ten-  fyeaj|l)6nds, which were promptly sub-  Iscribeid for by those already interested.  SThus Mr. Samuel Newhouse, Mr.  pUntermeyer and their friends came  intp|cpntrol of the properties and took  :^ief the Dominion Copper Co.'s char-  terMsp.  ^kgPipeyious to this, Maurice M. Johnsonian engineer of high standing from  Salt Lake City, in the employ of Mr.  Newhouse, made an exhaustive examination of all the mines of the compa-  j ny, and gave a detailed report concerning them. This report contains  much interesting matter not previous-  ly published, and we give some extracts therefrom:  The property of the company in--,  eludes^ tlies srhelter and thirteen mineral claims and fractions in various  Boundary camps, as follows:   Phoenix-  camp,  Brooklyn, Stemwinder, Idaho,  THE BROOKLYN MINE, PHOKNIX, B.C.  Rawhide, Montezuma and Standard  (see map, page 54), 148 acres; Wellington camp, Athelstan and Jackpot  fraction, 34 acres; Summit camp,  y�� interest Mountain Rose, 27  acres; Deadwood camp, Sunset, C. O.  D., Crown Silver and Morrison, no  acres; making a total of three hundred  and nineteen acres.  In the Brooklyn, eleven samples  from the 25o-foot level gave average  values of r.43 per cent, copper, $1.32  gold, 25 cents silver. Mr. Johnson's  estimate of ore available from the  Brooklyn for the smelter was 260,000  tons, which would contain on safe figures, with copper at 15 cents, $5.86  per ton. At 100 feet additional depth  he estimated another 250,000 tons  available. As the Granby mines had  proved ore to a depth of 700 or 800  feet, just across the valley, he saw no  reason why the Brooklyn lode should  not be as deep.  In the Stemwinder. he found the  ledge parallel to that of the Brooklyn,  and his samples gave 1.4 per cent,  copper, $1 gold and 25... cents silver.  The Stemwinder is equipped with,  hoisting engine, shafthouse, etc., but  no available tonnage was allowed for.  Yet Mr. Johnson expected the mine  to develop and return a large number  of tons, and mining is easy and  cheap,  ��� While nothing had been done oh  the Idiho to speak of, it adjoined the  Granby properties and had large surface indications, which had been extensively cut by the Great Northern  railway grade, the line running across  the claim, and the engineer believed  it would prove to be a very valuable  asset of the company.  Of the Rawhide Mr, Johnson said  that his gross average assays of numerous samples gave returns of $5-3^  per ton, and it was his opinion that  230,000 tons of ore of this value were  available, and after proper development he would expect to mine 1,000,  000 tons from this property.  Of the Mountain Rose and Sunset  group, he stated that they were chiefly  valuable for fluxing from their iron  contents. The Athelstan, from the  books of the previous owners, showed  that 4,000 tons had given returns of  $7.67 per ton, and he thought it a  good prospect.  Summing up, Mr.,Johnson stated  that with the expenditure of $250,000  for additional furnace, converting  plant, electric power equipment, compressor and mine development, the  properties of the company could be  made to produce 1,500 tons of ore  daily, and that a profit of $1.25 Per  ton could he earned with copper at  12% cents per pound. Coupled with  this, however, should be competent  skilful and economical management.  &  **���*  -"��  ' *  PP>-nffi^^^^i��*SKiP^P5^;i'SS!^5E?'^^  flftlfl^  la*���"*P��i��KW��W��!W"��MV��?W.WSw^a^  M.twv-1-.*?!}   vw^r  'S,5iJ2^y~.,-J>��>*-*,"���  .A  1 1 |  t -SI  1 * ASS  t   \,sg  t ,u ���  r       '* t.  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  *3  H  Wi  B  ,'��  rV,J  iff  l"  ^ft  gVB  *��  '.i-\fi  >-'*  with modern equipment and improved  methods in both mining and smelting.  Acting upon this report of Mr. Johnson, which was dated February 18,  1905, the control of the properties was  secured, and the company practically  reorganized. The officers of the Dominion Copper Company, Limited,  now are: President, Hon. Warner  Miller; secretary and treasurer, Leopold Hermann; "managing director,  Samuel Newhouse; consulting engineer, M. M. Johnson; resident manager,  Thomas R. Drummond; smelter superintendent, W. C. Thomas. The last  three gentlemen have been associated  with Mr. Newhouse in his Colorado  and Utah mining enterprises, and have  sary, to place them on a paying basis.  It was also intimated that the construction of a new smelter of ample  capacity was under consideration,  which would be more advantageously  located and fitted up than the present  reduction works. Since then Mr.  Thomas, in; charge of the smelting  operations of the company, has visited  several smelter sites throughout the  Boundary, but no decision regarding  the location of the new smelting works  has yet been definitely announced by  the company. In fact, it has been  practically decided to do the smelting  at the present location,  'Meantime  Mr.  Thomas went   on  with placing the old smelter at Boun-  mines in Phoenix camp and from their  Sunset mine in Deadwoo^camp, the  latter adjoining/tlie Mother Lode, a  large shipper.  For the present the comparatively  small machinery equipment which, has  been used at the company's mines  heretofore, is in commission, with the  addition of a small air compressor?  which has ^��een, purchased for the  Rawhide Imkie, to be operated by electric power, the machinery for the othe^  mines being steam driven. v> i"  It is the announced intention of the.  Dominion Copper Company's management, however, to install a large/  central machinery plant to serve all  their mines in this camp, which will be.  &  had years of practical experience to fit  them for the work in hand.  Last August work was resumed at  the company's mines in this camp���-  Phoenix���-and a systematic course of  development was undertaken by Mr.  Drummond, which has been steadily  pursued since starting. In that month  also a party of those connected with  the undertaking from New York and  Salt Lake City, including President  Miller and Messrs. Newhouse and Un-  termeyer, visited this camp, and thoroughly inspected the properties of the  company. At that time it was announced that the company had the  funds on hand and was willing to spend  i,ooOjOoo on the properties, if neces-  THB 8TEMWINDEE MINE,  PHOENIX,  B.C.  dary Falls in the best shape possible,  under the conditions, for operation.  Additional ground was secured at  Boundary Falls for dumping the slag,  sufficient to last for years to come, and  about the first of December (this  month) one of the two furnaces at the  smelter was blown in, the other one to  be placed in blast about January 1,1906.  This meant the shipment for one  furnace of some twelve cars, or 360  tons, of ore daily from the company's  mines, which is now being done regularly, the ore being carried by the C.  P. R. a distance of some 20 miles  from the mines to the smelter. This  ore is being taken from the company's  Brooklyn, Stemwinder and Rawhide  driven by electric energy. This will  doubtless be ordered and installed  whenever it shall have been determined by the company's engineer the best  position for the location of such an  extensive plant for serving the several  large mines of the company.  Thus far the mines owned by this  company have had a total output of  about 214,000 tons of ore, as follows:  Brooklyn-Sremwinder  ...... 80,000  Rawhide ............. 27,000  Mountain Rose  6,000  Sunset  . ......... 28,000  Athelstan .......... .. 10,000  Morrison   ....   3>500  Total ........ ....154,500 ��:  .s��� .:.;?r-;-..~"':���.'������'���; v '������;;;.;���:/;"���';������, .;;-'p ;'-������,.��� .     ��� '.���.���:;'. ��� ������: ?,���������:;������������ Vc*:i*��&*;;^ , * JsiCi&to  ::;;i���vV;f':-���;���"'...;: .-,-���'���- ^-^.? 0yyy. -.^^vr^.:,^-^.-:-;-^  ���'������  ���'"'' ���'-'.,���������''"���    V'1'r.i-'"-;.; i'f;">J-^' ..'.���, ���:-.:'''.1'.'.',"..''. ���'.:���'.��� ''-:��� ���';".-'���'��� "'���'.','   ^ '.'.O1 *?���'.'���"J'.sV-if i -**Jr/ '\        1 *s   rj?K^:f^*'A* i\    ������"%,"*4' '' -i^   * *''���i-r*-'^pJi^^i^^CT^i^ffli^ffi^SP^^SfiSSw'^^^^^^^^^^^^a  .    . .,, ���    ���.>.   .....';, ���   ..;.,. ���... ��� c1 -i   .��� v .;-���-��� .-������. ,-::y-;'P''.'j^-.{-.p.'.'.> i.\. f Z,,^ c-t. V >p��V ) 1 -! . .^.'...-^*2^^.^.^xw^>ffiij"ifl^j2iis^  ���:,"���!���';*.((;5' .;��� :���������,��� .;��� ������, .;,���,-.,���y-i^s-tip^'ys^'y!i*-.'"i>if.��/fe.' <' ,'p^Uit��i��jp&RflcHS8ra  ���"&<>"���  MSMEisaBHi  '������iiN'!  ������������in.  M  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BO^NDAR^^  04&4HF4  Ml  ���!il?H  * if.*  iilK  I -i ?i;  :;ifi;.;fy  M; ifil!::  i- .'i i r!.i".   ���  ��� it'. i-;���������������  :.j|,|. i��|t,;   ���;..;  " 'f'ftfl;-  'IS1  ill  IE  St -  ill hi':'  JiJH'U!'.':  ���'fiisi..'.'''  THE DENVER ENGINEERING WORKS  Manufacturers of General lining  ^  and  COLORADO.  !U;  .(llijil :���.���:.'  Ill  mm  ���ij:1j-:!!ij|i'!:i-;;;  ''ill  in  ��P;  , Kippili :���".::  ' ifl %  iHiii ���;,*.���  fa' t ������'������  k !!���:'.���������;���  i  i  s  3+ H. P. ELECTRIC HOIST. WlTH STREETRAILWAY MOTOR BUILT WITH ENCLOSED GEARS FOR: UNbCROROUNp SMVlCt  'CJifV  pi i PISS  10.000  AGGREBATE  H0RSE|P0WER  Of  OUR^^|||^p|||^||!||.--:  The fact that other manufacturers say their Electric is  the best evidence a customer requires that... ;^-':;\;''v;-..^:',v\.^.;-:.;...i|v^^ '^t\:^  our;qood:s tti$E^ ���  Why not place your orders where you know you will get machinery designed to me^t practical demands,  and that will give you satisfactory resuhs, without any possib^  Our proximity to a natural mining an meet  ing, the demands of an exacting mining public,.in consequence of which our product is: practical; hot experimental.  W'.E'jM-An'WAC  m  my  w  Steam Hoists  Eleetrie Hoists  Smelting Furnaces  ;  Crushers and Crushing" Rolls  Concentrating Tables and Jigs  Mechanical Roasters and Dryers  Etc., Etc.   ���  Automatic Samplers ^  Engines and Boilers ;:;:rr''^:.^,;-:.,r;;  Ore Buckets, Cages and Cars  Mine Timber Framing Machines  Stamp Batteries and Accessories  Slag Pots, Cars and Refining Kettles  Eta Etc.  $  SEND US YOUR SPECIFICATIONS/AND GET OUR  ESTIMATES.  Address Inquiries to  EDWARDr^^S  b'-V THE DENVER EN6iNEERIN6 WORKS CO.,  GREENWOOD, B. C, .. '���."���   ���������.;;..  ������,-.--���..������..     lt    '    .-. .McPhee Building, -.'... -  Agent for Southern B. C. DENVER Colo.  'mm $$  Smfi  v.i:'.:.': ipsa!;;"';: :i  ^  tf^l  ;a  '}*  '"%  1   J  tip?  t-rs  Mffffire^figwrwtwrTO^  ^?5|Si5RfP?7^^^��^^^  :^��i  ri-Ul  '.Ji,'  *��������  'A  '^���V  ,^.,5  .1  1.*  a  ;  Ki  ^   J  ��w   ���- PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  25  **s  1 V  ��1  '-W  fef  RAWHIDE MINE, &IIOWING TR\MWAY  AMD ORB BINS.  But a few thbusand tons of this ore,  however, has been sent out by the  present company, for, as stated above,  the smelter only resumed operations  three or four weeks ago under r the  present management. Sufficient is  known of the mines by those in charge,  for the statement to be made that the  properties certainly have great merit,  and, given the energetic yet conservative management they are now receiving, for a sufficient length of time, they  should be getting into the class with  their elbow neighbors���the Granby  mines���that is, in the dividend class.  Regarding present development at  the mines, the following is a summary  of the work accomplished to date at  the leading properties of this company:  /The Brooklyn mine has a shaft 425  feet in depth. On the 150-foot level  there are 1,500 feet of drifting, etc.;  on the 250-foot level 2,500 feet of  drifting, and about 400 feet of work  on the 350-foot level. In addition to  this there are some 500 feet of raises,  etc., making over a mile of workings  in this the leading property of the company. The mine is regularly sending  out its quota of the ore needed at the  company's smelter, which will probably be doubled when the second furnace is blown in  At the Stemwinder the main incline  shaft has attained a depth of about 400  feet, but there has not been nearly as  much work done on the levels as in  the Brooklyn. At the 114-foot level  about 600 feet of work has been done,  .about 60 feet at the 250-foot level,  and some 80 feet of work in other  ways, giving a total of 1,290 lineal feet  of development in this property. The  values of the Stemwinder, however, are  commonly understood to be   rather  better than in other claims owned by  the company, and the ore is desired at  the smelter.  The Rawhide adjoins the Snowshoe  and Granby mines, and is an immense  management thinks,., that the mine is  well worth exploiting further... The  iron ore from this property, is now  being sent down to the smelter- daily.  Since Mr. Thomas had the smelter  blown in, the works have been operating steadily with what are reported to  be excellent results. At both mines  and smelter about 150 men are now  employed, and this force will be increased somewhat about the first of  the year, when the second furnace is  blown in.  At the Dominion Copper Com  - pany's smelter at Boundary Falls there  are two water-jacketed blast furnaces,  having an inside tuyere line of 40x176  inches, larger than any other furnaces  in this.district with the exception of  the two installed at the Granby works  this last year. These furnaces have  a rated capacity of about 300 tons per  day each, but in reality the capacity is ,  somewhat larger than this. Three  Connelsville blowers supply the necessary blast, being directly connected  with two Erie steam engines, one of  75 horsepower and the other of 125  horsepower.      Steam   will   doubtless  -  -    ��� ...        .. 1   ���        give way here to electricity as   motive  quarrying proposition,   the  ore being    �� /    ,      . ���,   J,     .   , .  ^      J   *=>  r   r } n    power, in due time.   The slag is taken  broken down easily and economically.  The old management opened up a  large quarry and shipped upwards of  25,000 tons of ore therefrom. The  new management has opened another  surface quarry on the same p claim, running also a tunnel 100 feet long, with  some 40 feet of a raise.  A large tonnage of ore is expected  to be had from the Rawhide at little  expense of extraction, and the installation of a small compressor this month  would indicate that shipments from  this property will be increased.  At the Sunset mine, Deadwood  camp, a small force of men is employed, and  while values are very low, the  away from the furnaces by a small locomotive, while the matte is shipped  to the B. C. Copper Company's smelter at Greenwood for converting. The  ore treated at this smelter, under the  various managements in the past, was  approximately as follows:  tons  tons  i9��3 132,570  i9��4   3��>93��  1905  (estimated)       80,000 tons  Total 243,500 tons  When the programme outlined by  this company is carried out in its entirety, the Dominion Copper Co. should  be an important copper producer. .'...,:yy ;.i-miy;yy>C���.������."  ;pr;���;i^���iU^l5itKfrto#!,^���!*:#^  MS?'-;:;-,.: ' ,  ���KB"  $&;.���'��! Ti I ..'���"  Iff-U-; I" .-���: ���������:  ������ r(tiis*iil ��������� ;  '���:5^r?!ii..;- j   '  ^ai*. ?;���!���������; "  ��; ���������!.-. yy-  IjtJtK1  ���HI .rH;-;.���;,������  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  fH5H52Sra5E5H5Z51!5E5��53H5i3J^^  C.   ��.   HUNTER,   Sec-Tkbah.  !' ;ii ''I I ���   iH;!  ��'!' t j-> ��� - i ���'-.���:.  tiffin  "it-:'!���! 'Ml���.���������' ���  Ik  Ms  THE    BIG    tSTOFrEr  f! Tpitn.r-v-���.;���.. ���.:--'..?--  ���fa-  1-:!!  r;.-jl  ���'J  <N  ������1  ���]  ���I  ���ii  m  J��!pp  . li-:-  ���'I s'l'  |>HOElgXv B,G,        GREENWOOD,  B.C.  iSSlMJIlSfeSffij FORKS,  B.C.   ". .    ..  ���p| ii;iijfc-*vA  11 li  1  mi  <j!i! p-y0y-L  l!;r" -  lillliill  ?':!���  irus  m  i  S^ i   G General   Merchandise in  the  Boundary���  ��|p|^ GOODS, etc-and purchasing in car lots  |||mg^ times  in  a position to   serve Customers  i-iiiij..'"'"'  iili  111!  i^v^'i.-  MSSZSE  a  Hip  liSiiji'f ���..,���  ���ijpi'ij; t'j^  & SMITH  Kft^t Hill Ave.  !5!  *'  I  ��tmi  i&  ���iljlirii'.'  " !l IIP'   ��� ^ ���  p. !p;!'*t ;'  i':    "P 5  fe1;    ���  K*  ^     -     -     PHOENIX, B.C.  LEADING ...  Stationers, Booksellers  Wall Paper and . . .  Fancy Goods Dealers  in the Boundary ....  'lie  LARGE AND  COMPLETE  STOCK  . . Choice Imported and   Domestic Cigars . .  . . Pipes and' Tobaccos . .  Full Line of Kodaks and Photographic Supplies  -'<���" ffifi��?5ai'*i -G1 f- ���'������  ?y-&i  ������-������������;; ;������".��  at    ^    ^  KaSiSES  GREENWOOD and MIDWAY  ''V;-;;  ggUB����3flifBg^^ ��� TO^mr-iyri^i^^ i  ���."r^tf-^wiBja. T*f3aw��n���� rw  illflifl, i ,"��,,'  ��   a.**. ..J      r.j..  pMoMara>;pm��umjg��li8Hra^  *��otiHmraj��&ffiK  .4 -sSt  .:-pa  :fcg  s,  I--., PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  27  Ri  THE   CITY   OF   PHOENIX  Premier Mining Camp of the Dominion of Canada.  WHEN the mineral claims in  the neighborhood of what  is now known as the city of  Phoenix were discovered by  the trail blazers of the Boundary, there were not wanting those who  predicted that the values were altogether too low to permit of a profit being made from the ores. In fact, only  a faithful few believed that they would  pay to operate. The contrast between  that time, some fifteen years ago, and  the present is not a little remarkable,  for it has been demonstrated by shareholders in our largest mining company  getting- the profits from dividends to  their bank accounts that such a thing  is possible and is being done���with  the likelihood of its being continued for  years and years to come.  The growth of Phoenix has all been  within six or seven years. From the  forest primeval in this short time has  been built a substantial and permanent  little city, with all modern conveniences,  such as electric lights, telephones, telegraphs,  two  railways, graded streets,  churches, fraternal societies and even  x-rays���a city that is incorporated and  is in the best financial condition of any  municipality in the Boundary country.  How such a thriving community could  grow  to its  present  stage in such a  short space of time, and retain its full  vigor and even continue to grow, is a  wonder to the novice.  . Here we are, nearly 5,000 feet high,  with no suburbs almost and  nothing  to  draw  from except our own immediate resources.    And  yet  prosperity"  reigns here. and peace and plenty prevail for the most part.     The  explanation is not far to seek.    We have here  admittedly   the   greatest   copper-gold  mines in Canada and perhaps  on the ,  American continent,  which are being  successfully operated by what some  claim are the best companies that ever  worked a mining property in the Dominion. Be that as it may, on other  pages of this issue will be found fuller  details of these mines, with illustrations.  In the fall of 1898 the first post-  office was established here under the  present name, Thomas Roderick, now  a councilman, being the first postmaster. He was succeeded by D. J.  Matheson, the present incumbent, who  is also city clerk. Mr. Matheson has  been postmaster for some six years and  has given general satisfaction.  In 1898 and 1899 a realization of  the vast extent of Phoenix camp ore  bodies began to percolate through the  minds of the public, and when the C.P.  R. began to spend some $5,000,000 in  the construction of its Columbia &  Western branch line, from the Colum-  Fv."  y  V  ��.*  .���*"*��  ��� ia .-*��-*��-�� ���.- ,4���  BIRDSEYE VIEW OF THB CITY OF PHOENIX, ,H0^X: PIONEER AND BOUNDARY M��OU^  ;.;'i|' ilii  ������il-1  -i.UV'ft;'''-  i iQyy!'y;'--y'f'- yyi- y.:i.;-  THE ONLY  FIRST-CLASS AND  UP-TO-DATEr  HOTEL  IN PHOENIX.  BATHROOMS  IN CONNECTION.  NEW   FROM   CELLAR  TO ROOF.  BEST SAMPLE  ROOMS IN  THE BOUNDARY.  i|^OPPpSITE:;':..>.'.  GREAT NOIITHERN  fillip !  JAMES MARSHALL, Proprietor.  Millfefe^  l\   .  UrJ'  mmm  * ?��� v��* ^ussspssasw*^*f��*gsrvV^"<  " - V >'~^WSIIlMl5l��l  The  ��l(  H!'..Sst. \vV::-  \i\y.  ;:��  ..   DEALERS M ��  io^dsii|.  pes  Erc> Ere.  We thank our manx Customers  {or their Liberal patronage in 1905,  and hope for a continuance ef the  same in  1906.  dominion Ave.  >X-  a:  file-;'  'M''   ;������.':   ������'���  iii)a!i>aBW*^ i*y^^P^^5r^ "UJ^^i-!  " n> s^a^c^j^v^;^^  ^^^^^^^M'^^^^^Wl PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  2 8a  LOWER TOWN.  PHOENIX���GREAT  NORTHERN DEPOT.  bia river to the Boundary, largely for  the purpose of reaching the mines of  this camp, the overwhelming importance of this section was still more  realized. Then Phoenix started to  grow by leaps and bounds, and in the  fall of 1899 and for the next year it  experienced a genuine boom. Tp give  an idea of conditions, the writer of  these lines was forced to. walk five  miles to Greenwood on his advent  here, to secure sleeping accommodations one night���or lie in the snow.  Hotel accommodations, were not adequate in Phoenix for the incoming  thrones.  This was soon remedied, however,  and Jonah's gourd was not to be compared with the growth of Phoenix for  a time. From a typical straggling  mountain mining camp, it took on  more permanence, had a board of  trade, which was successful in accomplishing much good for the town, and  a year later became incorporated as a  municipality.  In the fall of 1889 the first town  lots were placed on sale in Phoenix,  and the occasion was a record breaker.  Before G. W. Rumberger, owner of  the lower townsite, could get his lots  surveyed properly, the most desirable  were sold at good figures, while many  had bought on the so-called New York  townsite up on the hill. But the  Granby townsite sale was the most remarkable in this section. On the day  announced for the sale, every business  lot platted was sold���-$600 for corners  and $500 for inside lots���and many  who had travelled hundreds of miles  to buy went away sorely disappointed  because there were none left. It has  been said that the proceeds of: this  sale of part of the surface rights of the  Granby .claims were sufficient to meet  the initial expense of building the  company's smelter at Grand Forks.  The summer of 1901 saw the Dominion Copper Co.'s addition platted and  placed on the market, thus completing  the connection between the upper and  lower parts of the city.  During the times of unusual activity  Phoenix thrived and waxed mightily,  and. in the years following, like all  places of quick growth, it had a chance  to settle down to legitimate business,  which it did in good shape, and yet  continued to have a steady and permanent growth. The 500 or 600  miners, more or less, employed in the  properties adjoining the place caused  the distribution of from $35,000 to  $60,000   per  month in wages, year in  and year out, thus affording a legitimate basis for growth and permanence. This has continued, uninterruptedly, and each year sees some improvements of a substantial and lasting  character being carried on here.       I  One thing that contributed largely  to helping Phoenix was the building  of the Victoria, Vancouver & Eastern  extension of the Great Northern railway into this camp, which was completed last year, the first passenger  trains- beginning running regularly in  March, 1905. Since that time Phoenix has had the most direct connection with the outside world* by way of'  Spokane, and the Great Northern railway has secured its share of tonnage  from this camp.  The city is served with an excellent  light service, which is provided by the  Phoenix Electric Lighting Co., Ltd.,  ..which company also furnishes water to  all parts of the city, the water being  pumped from a nearby lake to storage  tanks, conveniently located for domestic ��and fire purposes.  During the past year alone several  large buildings have been erected in  Phoenix, which show the faith possessed in the place by its people. The  new Brooklyn hotel, shown on page 28  of this issue, would be a credit to any  place, and is complete in every detail.  It cost James Marshall and G. W,  Rumberger about $20,000 when recently thrown open to the public. The  city itself built a new city hall at a  cost of some $6,000, arranged and adapted for the many municipal uses, the  city government never before having  had a home of its o\y,n.    On page 28c  r y-ti^viriTi'anaifar  tiiMiirtmMiiihkiitiMMn ,*-'��� -'-  2H0ENIX  PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  m+yy  J.A-MORRIN.  J.  E.  W.  THOMPSON.  A.   H.   RUMBERGER.  ESTABLISHED   1899.  i..;>i.i  ���il ll^t-iv  )H\.}\,pi^y :���/������ ������  qip .i m '^(C  id-:i.yi-i;r.r.������:'���;::���  j-#3/.1.--  1|B I  ��!���  w     GROCERIES  5) ���  mmm  1|| HI  SASH-  DOORS  AND  BUILDERS'  SUPPLIES,  RETAIL  '!'l'ii!i::i  fill  111111  km  HEADQUARTERS   FOR  IND   FAMILY  .tl'jilp'^p^i-../  till  Mm  life  ;|ei^'soiiiciT';:;-:a;'SHAhe  of  your  patronage  :����������^^  P.U.  BMi  m  Www  PIONEER  AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL  H.   ,fll$$ hvi-i ;���  :y-yMm -k*:\\.  :,]:  \k^i$y\;  y.     ft j M;iMv'1  ift Mi  sr Is Jo] tot ���  I ��!'���  The Phoenix Pioneer was established in 1899. Since that time it has  never changed editors or managers, but  has always made a special effort to  gather and print all the reliable mm  ing news to be had about the Boundary. It is the only paper in Boundary  issued from its own building, and the  only one to gather its own statistics;  those published from Vancouver to  New York generally appear first in the  Phoenix Pioneer.  The Pioneer costs but $2 per year,  and is worth five times that sum to  any man having mining interests in the  Boundary. Send alone; your name  with the cash and try 52 copies.  Address:  Pioneer Publishing Co.,  B.C.  mrewSwrcJvmiKfSwi  '^^ggZs^SS^^  JSr^S'SWISZ^RSK^E^  ���r.>,;<^���wj��mm8m>  _..**M WJUllWP  PHOENIX - PIONEER? AND�� BOUNDARY MINING' JOOOWAtL  28"C  E3Kg=  J.-*1  ������fa  l:f  Ss  St*'*  G. W.   RUMBERGER, MAYOR OP PHOENIX.  will be seen a view of the new Miners'  Union hall and opera house, in course  of construction. This building is now  being finished by Phoenix Miners'  Union No. 8, at a cost of some $15,-  000, and is complete in every detail,  being 45x95 feet and three stories  high. It is probably the best and  largest structure of its kind, built by  an organization of this kind, in the  province, the opera house alone not  being approached by anything of the  kind in this section.  Unlike some municipalities in the  west, the city councils of Phoenix  have not run the city into an overwhelming debt. The entire debt of  the city today is but $10,000, and this  is being gradually reduced, the income  from realty taxes, licenses, etc., being  more than sufficient to meet running  expenses. For the year 1905 the  mayor was George W. Rumberger, who  has been elected six times to succeed  himself. The council board consisted  of James Marshall, L. Y. Birnie, Edward Brown, Thomas Roderick, Julius  Carson and Dougald Mclnnes. D. J.  Matheson is city clerk, W. R.Williams  police magistrate and W. H. Dock-  steader chief of police, these three  being the only salaried city employees.  Phoenix has a branch of the Eastern  Townships Bank, one of the most solid  insiitutions of. this kind in. Canada, of  which A. B. Hood is the manager;  thus the chartered banking facilities  here are of the best. This bank also  lias branches in the Boundary at  Grand Forks, Wm. Spier, manager,  and at Midway, E. C. Moe, acting  manager.  t To any one desiring to see just what  important mining claims are located in  and around Phoenix, we refer them to  toe map of this camp, ^printed on page  48 of this issue)-..which is accurate and  reliable, being drawn by C. M. Campbell and engraved specially for this  issue of the Pioneer. The big Granby  group of mines is plainly outlined  there, the Dominion Copper Co.'s  group, the Snowshoe group, and all  other surveyed claims within a mile or  two of the city hall.  As has been noted, Phoenix is well  represented   with   fraternal organizations, all  of them being in a flourishing condition.     Among  them are the  Masons,   Odd   Fellows,   knights of  Pythias,  Fraternal  Order of Eagles,  Good Templars, etc.     Besides these  there   are   a   well  managed Miners'  Union, Carpenters' Union and Industrial Workers of the World.     One of  the  best hospitals in the province is  conducted in Phoenix, and the amount  of good done in the Phoenix General  Hospital, which is non-sectarian,would  be difficult to  estimate���not  only to  men injured in the mines, but also in  large degree to other residents of Phoenix. The hospital cost nearly $10,000, '  and Miss Howe is the efficient matron.  In church organizations Phoenix is  not behind, either. The Presbyterians,  Methodists, Catholics, Church of England and Congregationalists all have  comfortable church homes of their  own, the first three mentioned being '.  particularly active.  * Phoenix is well represented in busi-'-  ness houses in every line, with large/  and varied stocks of merchandise...  The place also has excellent hotels,  the most representative and progressive r  business concerns and hotels having-  cards in this number.  The Dominion census of 1901 gave  a population of 866 souls within the  Phoenix corporation limits, which,  however, did not include the mine  boarding houses, etc., the corporate  limits being small. At the present  time the population of the camp is  between 1,500 and 2,000.  If the proximity of large mines to  any community adds to the general  prosperity of the place, as is commonly believed, then Phoenix is extremely  fortunate in its location. The big  properties are alongside of, all around  and literally underneath the city of  Phoenix itself.  NEW CITY HALL, PHOENIX. p_KjgsaBaBi����*>��*"*'  In 'I  hi i  i ���i'i i  i'l It'. ' '  II ���   ! i  .111  ��� |!"i;ii  ��� '     I     '  'i'i ' ��� i!  'p'Vi'pi; i  H'PJ  )H|  f(T :  j   j  .V  i  1 1  1  1  1       i  1?"  1    t  l  1  '!  1���  V'  1  i  ii  ^  i  w <  j  F '  ii  I1  1  ���  28d  PHOEHK HONKER AND MKBMW^;  WEST  FORK  OF  KETTLE   RIVER  A Section of Great Promise aud Vast Mineral Resources. ���  ONE part of the Boundary that is  little heard of, comparatively,  is that of the West Fork of  Kettle river, with which also  may be coupled the upper  main Kettle river section. Because  of lack of transportation, up to the  present the West Fork has not received  the attention that it deserves, but with  a railway in operation it is sure to become one of the most important parts  of the Boundary. Already considerable development has been done there,  despite the difficulties encountered in  the^way of getting machinery and supplies to the mines and the expense of  taking ore out over wagon roads for 50  or 60 miles.  The West Fork has an advantage in  one respect over some parts of the  Boundary, in that many of the ores  are generally of what may be termed  high grade. Otherwise the shipments  already sent out could never have  been made���and these shipments have  given splendid returns, as will be  noted farther on.  SCENE   ON   WEST   FORK.  The Sally Group.  The most important group of claims  up the West Fork is the Sally, owned  by the Vancouver and Boundary Creek  Mining and Development Co., Ltd.,  which is composed mainly of Greenwood men, Ralph Smailes and Robert  Wood being largely interested. The  Sally group is located on Wallace  mountain, near Beaverdell, at an .elevation of 4,350 feet, or nearly 2,000  feet above the valley of the West Fork.  The mines were located in 1897 by  Stewart and Felto, who sold.them to  the present owners.  The Sally is distant about 50 miles  from Midway, but. will soon have  transportation by the Midway & Vernon, the survey of which runs close to  the property. Thus' far the ore taken  out and shipped to the smelters has  been hauled to Midway on wagons at  a cost of $15 or $20 per ton. Some  25 or 30 men are employed at the  mine, and shipments are madefwith  more or less regularity, some returns  giving $200 per ton,  mostly in lead and  silver. The ore now  being   shipped    is  taken from a tunnel  tapping the lead at  a depth  of about  150 feet,  the pay-  . streak    being    30  inches wide arid requiring   but   little  sorting.     In addition to the development work    being  done on the No. 1  and  No.   2  leads,  Superintendent Va-  cher, who has been,  in charge from the  start, is able to get  out from  20 to 30  tons of shipping ore  per week, the ore  now running in the  neighborhood     of  $200 per ton.  The first shipment was made  from the Sally in  April, t 901, when  16 tons were sent  to the Nelson smelter and returned  gross values of $59  per ton.   The second shipment was in  February,, 1904, when a car containing  42,820 pounds, sent to the Trail smelter,  returned 31519 ounces of silver, valued  at $1,876.    The following month a  second car was shipped to Trail.  The  lot weighed 43,424 pounds, and contained ,4,778 ounces silver and 2,086  pounds of lead,  together valued at  $2,627.   This carload netted $2,318  above cost,of railway transportation  and treatment. In April, 1904, 32,206  pounds were shipped, containing 3,175  ounces of silver and 840 pounds of  lead,  from which  the gross amount  realized was $1,698.    A recent car of  Sally ore, sent to the Trail smelter,  gave returns of $4,143^50 for 20/tons.  Notwithstanding the discouragement  of lack  of transportation,  the Sally  owners have kept steadily at the property, and now have it in a shape where  it bids fair to make the camp one of  the great silver-lead camps of British  Columbia.  Tke Rambler Group.  One of the most promising claims  on Wallace mountain is the Rambler,  located about three miles from Beaverdell. The group includes the Rambler , and Standard fraction, being  owned by W. J. Nelson and W. Ji.  Rarnbo of Greenwood, and Francis J.  Finucane, of Spokane. A shipment  of 32 tons sent to the Trail smelter returned values of $74.23 Per ton, mostly in silver. Preparations are being  made to ship from 80 to 100 tons ot  Rambler ore this winter, it being necessary to rawhide the ore to the moutti  of Dry creek, whence it will be hauled  45   miles by sleighs to the railway at  Midway. ^'u:^\r\       ��� n fnot  On the Rambler there is a 70-1001  shaft, with crosscuts at the Go-tooi  level, and considerable drifting, btop  ing and drifting is now going on, ana  ore of a good grade is being taken out  for shipment. The ore contains zinc  blend and ruby silver, and that now  being taken out assays over $i5�� P  ton, the paystreak being from 10 to  inches in width. .,  In Carmi camp, located a few mues  from   Beaverdell,   and  close  to u  townsite   of  Carmi,   is   located tne  Carmi mine, another well known vve  Fork   property.       There   are   sevei  claims in the group, all located on i  same lead-  most of the work navu&  1  .V^^r-^trry,  .*nrtSre*-*Wfy��% mm  PHOENIX PlOtf��ER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  28E  fc.-a  fta  si  "<0>  I  ft?  Ssi-  been done on the Carmi, which has a  discovery shaft down 100 feet, besides  an. 80-foot tunneh There are two  other shafts on the property, one being  down 183 feet, with drifts at the 100  foot and 165-foot levels, from which  nearly 900 tons have been extracted.  Some years ago the Carmi was purchased by an English syndicate, at the  head of which is E. H. Thruston.  Since then development work has  been carried on intermittently. The  property has a hoist, boiler, pumps,  seven-stamp mill, a small concentrating and amalgamating plant, and  clearing is being done for a cyaniding  plant. It is understood that five more  stamps will be added next spring and  the,mine opened up more extensively.  No statement has been made of the  results obtained from the stamp mill,  but. the ore of the camp generally runs  from $37 to $100 per ton, the Carmi  having big quartz ledges, carrying  gold, silver and copper.  West of the Carmi is the Butcher  Boy, with 85 feet of drifts from the  60-foot level of a 75 foot shaft, from  which 65 tons of ore have been shipped to the Greenwood smelter. Other  claims in the neighborhood of the  Carmi are the B.'H. fraction, May,  Hartford, Lillie, the Rossland and  Detroit groups, Observatory, Duncan,  Great Hopes, Chloride, Jumbo, St.  Lawrence, Copper Queen, Crown  King, Emma, Colorado Maduro, Coldstream, etc. Some of these have quite  a little development done on them  and show up most promisingly. Something like 50 claims have been located  on Wallace mountain. Seven miles  up the WTest Fork from Carmi is Arlington camp, in which the Arlington,  Sundown and Dalhousie are the most  important claims.  Lottie F. Group.  Perhaps the most important group  up the Main Kettle river is the Lottie  F. group, located about , 50 miles up  that stream from Midway." The group  is composed of three claims, and has a  most favorable showing for the development thus far. Over 100 feet of  shaft work and drifting have been  done, besides numerous open cuts.  The ore is a bbrriite, with gold and silver, the copper values alone running  as high as 30 per cent., while an average of all values is given as from $27  to $50 per ton. This group is owned  by William Ferriie,Alex Strachan, G.  W. Rumberger, James Marshall and  J. B. Macaulay, all of Phoenix, and it  will be worked this coming spring.  Near Canyon City,; on the Main  Kettle, is located a waterfall, which  has been taken up by a Phoenix syndicate, and the Horse Shoe Power Co.  organized to develop it.  ���fc/^/TA-# Mat?*iL WEST FdfftfkmilL  "METTLE  E?/VEf? ���'/fining Districts  ���^7-r0P   the  ^Sinter   rWisKmgft, Pho.n.x^BjU^  wm&tmg&BSk t *v       i       I"   -P   .     .   I^n    ,.  J   .  .   J.       ',/���      r��,-        I' ,    -I  s  p Ik  Stilt  .1.',!  r  ,i  s&  -! ii,  I   .'I  a I  ii i' i  V  >-ii  nip  it  i!-|!ii;  I  ii'  il'i^pjJ  il"  I1-! pj-  ii i  ��� i  r li.!,1  ii  i  11 |  ':��� I'll-1  '!.'! :'Hi  , ii  1  :.','!,ii ;  'in'"'.i pi  i' I iiJ  'Vil   1,1  I'.V'J.  i-1  1,11'I.)  i'l.-.ii'v  i.i  11'  1 '\! ���,*  *    XL  28H  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  Betts and Hesperus.  Nearly three years ago a Chicago  syndicate secured the Betts and Hesperus group of copper-gold claims, located on Hardy mountain, a few miles  from Grand Forks and not much further from Phoenix. The Hesperus  Gold-Copper Mines Company has the  following officers: President, Charles  J. Magee; vice-president, M. S. Mossier; secretary, John Claney; treasurer,  P. B. Fridkyn, all of Chicago; other  directors, A. B. Claney and H. B.  Bishop; manager, T. H. Rea, of Grand  Forks.  These properties were located in  1896 by E. E. Alexander, of Spokane,.  and up to the time they were purchased by the present company about  $5,000 in development had been  done. This company has expended  about $50,000 to date, and the officers  express themselves as well satisfied  with the results thus far obtained. A  tunnel has been driven in over 825  feet to strike the lead, and some good  ore bodies encountered. In a week  or two the Spokane Diamond Drill  Contracting Co. will begin boring at  least 1,000 feet in holes to further lest  the property. When the tunnel was  in 575 feet, some crosscutting was  dene into a fine chute of pyhrrotite  BETTS   AND   HESPEKUS   MINE.  ore, which is highly desired by the  smelters.  About a year ago the management  of the Betts and Hesperus, on the  recommendation of Mr. Rea, installed  a small air compressor plant, since  which time the costs of development  have been materially reduced.,  President Magee has made three  trips to the Boundary, to visit'the  company's properties during the progress of development; other Chicago  men interested , have done likewise,  and   they  feel  more than  ever con  vinced that the sulphide copper ores  in the Betts and Hesperus, which are  similar to the big bodies in Phoenix  camp, can, with the proper development, be made to yield an immense  tonnage and become profit producers.  A large amount of surface work was  done in the shape of open cuts, before  much work was performed underground, thereby proving to a large extent the continuity of the leads.  The Phoenix extension of the Great  Northern crosses the property, giving  good transportation facilities.  ^j^j^^4i^^^M^^^^^^r^4^*^��^^^ **+<+***4w******f***f***^  ��>V^^<* \2Ss -TW$*~, ,,-tf  BOUNDARY IRON  WORKS. LTD..  J. McKIE. President.  C. BROWN,  Managing Director.  Engineers, If on and Brass Founders, Pattern  Makers Blacksmiths and Boiler Repairers,  Machine Work and Repairs, Mining and  Smelting  Work of All Kinds a Specialty.  TELEPHONE  No. 113  GRAND FORKS, B.C.  *MW***l**!*&tt4^  1   Greenwood  Liquor Company  Wholesale .Dealers in CHOICE' BRANDS of . . '.  e    ���  9  ��      p  Sole Boundary Agents for . . . * . "   ,  PABST   BREWING   COMPANY'S  MILWAUKEE   LAGER   BEER  Also Manufacturers of all kinds of CARBONATED BEVERAGES.  $ JAMES McCREATH, Proa, Greenwood, B.C.   1  ft PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  at)  THE MIDWAY & VERNON RAILWAY  A New Line that Will Open Up a Marvelously Rich Territory.  L.-J  ft  -s  ^  mi  #1  �����sf  w  KVfo!  VWi  ra��  :,v%  ^  ESS  &5  8?  THE distance between the town  of Midway, in the Boundary,  and Vernon, the capital of the  Okanagan lake country, is  approximately 150 miles. Little need be said of the Okanagan lake  district, which is being opened up so  wonderfully, its horticultural and agricultural products being exceeded by  few, if any, grown in any land. It is  often called the garden of British Columbia, and there seems good reason  for this title. Up to the present there  has been no connection whatever by  rail between the Boundary and the  fertile Okanagan district? except by a  long and expensive detour by the  C.P.R.  One of the most promising mineraL  sections of the Boundary, for the  amount of development done, is that  of the West Fork and Main Kettle  rivers, from 4.0 to 100 miles north of  Midway. The Midway & Vernon  railway, when completed, will traverse  the heart of this admittedly rich mineral district, and go on into the Okanagan country. It will bring the bountiful products of the Okanagan to the  Boundary by the shortest possible  route, giving them a ready market in  this  mining section,  and will create  and maintain a large ore tonnage from  the West Fork and Main Kettle rivers.  For some years a  tew   men, largely  interested   in   Greenwood   and   the  Boundary,   have   been more  or  less  quietly working to secure the needful  capital  to construct  this line of railway.     They were finally successful in  securing a charter,for the road, with a  subsidy���and that gave them a working chance for the line.     Then  came  the question of inducing financiers to  take  hold  of the project and carry it  tto a successful conclusion.    It need  hardly be said that none ot , the other  railways in this section offered a helping  hand  along these  lines, though  probably any of them would  be glad  .enough to take a hand when  the road  is completed���which it will be doubtless in another  year:    Finally  Ralph  Smailes, of Greenwood, who has been  identified with the enterprise from the  start, succeeded in getting spme New .  Yorkers interested, and   this last fall  a contract was let  to McLean Bros.,  of Vancouver, and about ten miles of  the roadbed were graded out of Midway as far as Rock Creek.  For the construction of the road a  company was organized, called , the  Okanagan     Construction    Co.,    the  officers of which are as follows: President, Frederic H. Allen, of New  York; vice president, Alexander A.  Arthur, of New York; secretary-treasurer, A. E. Best, of New York. Mr.  Arthur spent some time in the Boundary last fall, looking into the matter,  and is more than satisfied with the  bright prospects for the new line of  railway.  This railway is being constructed  for and will be operated by the Midway & Vernon Railway Co., Ltd,  with a capital of $1,000,000, and having the following officers: President,  John Cain, New York; vice-president,  Charles S. Stule, Pittsburg; general  manager, A. R. Pope, New York;  secretary-treasurer, D. H. McDowell,  Victoria, B. C; other directors being  L. S. Cook, Pittsburg, and Ralph  Smailes and Robert Wood, Greenwood.  ' Among the original promoters of  the Midway & Vernon railway are:  Ralph Smailes, Robert Wood, Christopher Wood, Duncan Mcintosh,  James Kerr, Robert Kerr, all of  Greenwood, and Charles Wilson, of  Victoria. It is understood that the  line has been subsidized by the provincial and Dominion governments for  approximately $11,500 per mile.  MIDWAY���LOOKING   SOyflH,  rl'2  'A  t& PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.'  res'ii  fi'.ii  ������ ft (ill ���'������"  M  :5 jMi  ���llillli  I  m  qifljl  'li'-i'l'-filll  MIDWAY���SHOWING   GRADES   OF   THEKE   RAILWAYS.  In October last Mr. Arthur arrived  in the Boundary, accompanied by two  men who are said to be at the head of  their professions, for the purpose of  examining and reporting upon the territory through which the,Midway &  Vernon railway will be constructed.  One of these was Frederic O. Harvey,  M. I. M. M., of London, England, a  mining engineer of world-wide,reputation, who makes reports for the Rothschilds and other financiers in Europe  and America. Mr. Harvey went  through the country, that will be served  by the new line, and spent some time  in examining, its metalliferous resources. While his'report has not yet been  cmade public, it is definitely known  that- Mr. Harvey was more than satisfied with what he saw and examined,  and there seems to be no doubt whatever that his report will be favorable,  and that the railway will open up a  territory that will prove to be exceedingly rich in a mineral way.  The other expert was C. B.Schmidt,  of Pueblo, Colorado, who is an acknowledged authority on irrigation and '  agricultural matters, and who has been  connected with some large enterprises  of this character in the west. Mr.  Schmidt paid particular attention, as  expected, to the rich farming lands  that are contiguous to the Okanagan  lake section. His report, like ��hat of  Mr. Harvey, has not been given to the  public, but Mr. Schmidt was not only  charmed with the Okanagan lake district, but agreeably surprised with the  degree of success that can be and has  been maintained there in the tilling ot  the soil. His examination was not of  the cursory variety, but was carefully  and conscientiously made, with a view  to ascertaining just what could be  done with the soil in that section, so  many miles of which will be tapped by  this railway. It is, therefore, a foregone conclusion that the reports of  both of these gentlemen, so high in  their respective professions, will be to  the effect that the country is ready  and ripe for a new line of railway, to  which it will certainly give a generous  and profitable support.  Mr. Harvey had just arrived from  New Mexico, California and Nevada,  where he was examining mining prop  erties for English clients, and while in  the Boundary took occasion to examine some of the large producers here,  such as the Granby and B. G. Copper.  He stated that English capitalists had  no idea of what is going on here in a  mineral producing way, and that it was  a revelation to even a man of affairs in  mining matters like himself.  The bonds for the construction of  the Midway & Vernon railway have  been underwritten by English/French  and German financiers to the extent  of $30,000 per mile, or approximately  $4,500,000, so that when the details  are all arranged there will be no  trouble about financing the road. The  technical  men  referred to here were  GRADE   ON   MIDWAY &  VBBNQN,  1 Ml  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  3*  MIDWAY &  VERNON GRADE.  sent out by the financial interests in  the underwriting syndicate, to make  independent reports on the, potentialities of the territory tributary to the  line to be constructed.  During 1905, as stated, some ten  miles of grading was done, beginning  at Midway, for the purpose of getting  the work under way. Bids have been  put in at Mr. Arthur's office in New  York for the entire balance of 140  miles of the road, and it is now understood that the contract will be awarded and active construction of the  whcle line be undertaken as soon as  weather conditions will permit it in  the spring, when it will be rushed to  completion.  Possibilities of Extension.  RECENT issues < of the British  Columbia Gazette, the official  organ of the provincial government, contain a number of  notices in regard to railway  legislation which will occupy the attention of the provincial legislature  during the forthcoming session. Robertson & Robertson, of Victoria, are  giving a notice of amendments to existing railway charters and also are  outlining a plan of amalgamation' of  several railways into one system.  A notice snowing what is to constitute the system sets forth that application will  be  made to incorporate a  company wi<h power to acquire the  following charters and operate the following undertakings: The Vancouver  and - Coast-Kootenay Railway Compa-1  ny, the Alberni and Cowichan Railway  Company, the Kamloops and Atlin  Railway Company, and the Midway  and Vernon Railway Company.  Accompanying notices show how^  these are to be connected up into orie  system. The first one, that of the  Vancouver and Coast-Kootenay, is a  charter held by McLean Bros., the  route being from the Kootenay to  Vancouver city,, along much:the same  route as the V.,V- & E., now in course  of construction. It is sought to extend the time for the completion of  that line and to authorize the building  of a branch to Kamloops.  The Midway and Vernon charter is  sought to be amended so as to permit  of building v to Kamloops also, and  permission is asked to build a branch  to Penticton.  The Kamloops and Atlin act is  sought to be revived, ratified and confirmed. The time for constructing the  line is asked to be extended and an  alteration in the line is asked.to be  permitted so that it may run from  Kamloops, where it will meet the  Coast-Kootenay and the Midway and ,  Vernon, and up the North Thompson.  Permission to build a branch to Ques-  nel lake will also be asked.  In connection with  the Vancouver  Island branch an application   is to be  .  made to revive and confirm the Cowi-  chan-Alberni and Fort Rupert railway  9  FABMS ON MIDWAY & VEEHON BAILWAY���BIGHT MILES FBOM MIDWAY. ��]*��������""  if: '..'  Eh!'i  ; i  i i  .ii  ' ' '  !'  !h!  P  ' 1  'I.  I'll  'ill: I"!  ill  n,i , " ,,  iv   j'ld  ik"' -���'  |!V-:.ii'  ��'ii'   i.'  V I (Ull I'  |l M i!  !JI> 11  'lIf, II IIP  i. i ^ ,p  .i'" : ',  J !   .'I '  I 'l-i'!'  iii'i  Hi''1?:,  ii'r  M||l!ii��v:  iBlllli'  Jfel$!i��.--  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINlTO|5||f||  fcsftfe few i.  mil  act by extending the time for construction and permitting the extension of  the line to Victoria or Esquimalt harbor.  The whole system will be known as  the B. C. Central Railway Company,  and A.A.Arthur'is the executive head.  He is also identified permanently with  the railway recently incorporated to  build from Port Angeles to Victoria or  Esquimalt tarbor. It is reported that  connection is to be given by ferry with  Victoria from the line of the Coast-  Kootenay also.  The suggestion has been made that  possibly the Chicago, Milwaukee and  , St: Paul compauy was behind Mr. Arthur in his amalgamation plan. Many  well informed on transportation subjects hold the opinion that this is the  corporation which is entering the field  in a fight against J. J. Hill. Additional color is lent to this by the fact that  ' the Coast-Kootenay project, which  practically parallels the V.-, V. & E.,  is included in the system.  Those intimately associated with  the plan will only state that it is to be  a part of a gigantic system of railway  with ramifications in many directions.  The present terminus of the Cowi-  , chan, Alberni and Fpr't Rupert railway  is at Mill Bay, in Cowichan district.  To reach Victoria city the new line  would have to parallel the E. & N.  railway,' or by an alternate route via  Cowichan and Sooke.  - D. H. McDowall, of Victoria, and  - John Cane, of Port Angeles, are re  sponsible in a large measure for bringing the plan to the attention of capitalists, and their success is indicated  by the promptness with which the  Midway-Vernon section is being built.  It is stated that European capital (is  behind the venture, which is even  more comprehensive than the British  Columbia portions of it indicate.  m,-  GRADE ON MIDWAY & VERXON.  Couhtry to Be Served.  Few countries through  which  new  railways are constructed, for the  first  time have had as  much  advance development' in a general  way as that  through which the  Midway & Vernon  will be built.    For years before the  charter was even granted, far-seeing  ones predicted that such a road would  be a good financial proposition almost  from the start, because it would open  up  such a rich territory, bringing in  direct connection the fertile valleys of  the Okanagan with the mining camps  of the Boundary, and  making also a  short  line  to  the coast, with its connections.      Believing that the   road  would be constructed some day, many  a prospector has  gone into the West  Fork country and located really valuable mineral properties.    Not only this,  but, /or such a remote section,  as  far  as transportation is concerned,- an unusual amount of development has been  GRADE ON MIDWAY & VERNON.  done on the claims; with results that  are indeed gratifying. Some of the  big mines of British Columbia are sure  to be developed here. Some ore has  been shipped to the smelters, even  though it required 50 or 60 miles of a  wagon haul, which is an index of its  value, when it would stand such heavy  expense and yet pay a profit.  The route of the Midway & Vernon  runs about ten miles west from Midway to Rock creek, as will be noted  from ' the map, whence it follows up  the West Fork of Kettle river almost  to its head waters. It then crosses  the divide at or near Mission creek,  and meanders down into the Okanagan  valley, and winds up. its 150 miles at  the thriving city of Vernon���the last  20 to 50 miles being through as fair a  territory as can be found in Canada,  and withal, as prolific. , A good gradient for the roadbed has been found  by the company's engineers for the  entire distance, and there are no unusual difficulties either in engineering  or in construction. In fact, as .western  railways go, for the most part, the line  can be constructed at moderate ex  pense.  Engineers have been in the field for  several months, laying out the line,  and A. R. T. Lackie, the chief engineer, reports that they have been successful in getting the. grade desired,  and that he would have no trouble in  putting the line through to a completion when the contract for its construction is awarded.  Thus it appears that, after long and  weary years ot waiting, the mining  man interested in the country to be  traversed and the farmer of the lake  district will, by the end of another  year, hear the whistle of the iron horse  on the Midway���'''&. Vernon, and secure  connection with the outside world.  wr����IUUU��MaBW^J?I^ffV! PHOEtilX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOUkNAL.  33  TOWN   OF*   EHOL,T  ' V 4  Canadian Pacific Railway Headquarters in the Boundary.  EHOLT is the railway divisional  point on the C. P. R. in the  Boundary district, it /being here  that the largest amount of ore  traffic on that railway converges, and here that the majority of the  train crews employed by the C. P. R.  in the district have their homes. The  town of Eholt is located on the divide  over which the C.P. R.'s. Columbia &  Western branch passes in crossing  from the valley of the North Fork of  Kettle river at Grand Forks to that of  trict use, it also having a round house,  etc  There are many mines and good  prospects surrounding Eholt. The B.  C. mine, in Summit camp,'has shipped  over 100,000 tons of ore^though not  now working. The Emma mine,  owned jointly by the Hall Mining &  Smelting Company and the B. C. Copper Company, is being operated steadily by the latter, and for the amount of  work done stands well up in the list  as a producer.    Adjoining the Emma  the few English companies doing any  mining in the Boundary. For several  years the mine was not operated, although it has a good equipment of  machinery with a large amount of development, and having in the past  shipped several thousand tons of ore  via Eholt. A force of several men is  now at work there.  ' Like all well regulated towns, Eholt  has daily mail communication, with  telephone and telegraph facilities for  the transaction of business.     There is  Boundary creek, near Greenwood.  The place came into existence with the  coming of the railway, five or six years  ago, and depends to a large extent  upon the railway for its trade, although  the mines and prospects in that locality are most promising.  It is at Eholt that the railway  branch, ten miles in length, diverges  to Phoenix, and all the ore traffic over  the GP.R. from Phoenix, Wellington  and Summit camps must pass through  Eholt. Here the railway company  has machine shops, and keeps the  main supply of coal and ice for dis-  RAILWAY SCENE AT EHOLT.  is the Oro Denoro, which is being  operated and is a shipper also. ^ These  mines are but two miles from Eholt. '  Northwest of Eholt a few miles is  Long Lake camp, in which the Jewel  mine is being operated, though .not  now a shipping property. Other well  known properties in that locality are  the North Star, Ethiopia, Lake View,  Roderick Dhu, Gold Drop and Boulder, etc, and Eholt is the nearest  trading point for them all, a wagon  road giving direct connection. The  Jewel, referred to above, is owned by  the Jewel Gold Mines, Ltd., one of  a public school and religious services  are held periodically by different denominations.' The town has several  hotels, the most important of which is  }he Hotel Union, and a number of  stores, that of the Eholt Trading Co.  . carrying a large and varied general  stock of merchandise. It is the trading center for several miles around.  While the resident population of Eholt  is not large, when the surrounding  mining properties become developed  so as to join the list of steadily producing mines, the town is sure to grow  and prosper as an immediate result,^ Slip  llfl  tolls.  34  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JQURN^  ������Y'Jl'W   "!l'  :;it. sfc  ������*$(�����)������  JIPH?  m Mums, -yy  <mmsms  '.��: J;3lt)'li|*:|i'V*r" ������';���.:'-���: ��� :���:'���  1111*1  Iliill  -mmiy^t  mmmms  'iamon<  Icwcr  ;s an<  lass  lr||;^ek. |  Quality is always our first consideration and Piice next  Goods Guaranteed exactly as represented or rloriey Refuhded  '^���^���ip" ;;.l'^.;|V- ' ���'��� '���'v'V'":^;  3:-  !p!!|lu:?:v^vC  Wh:S!i::fe��.:^  ,U;^jhi;ii;:/-.-:..!.>;v'':  Mm  mmmm  ��!'.B:i-,{iH-.-.;---:--..-.:p-.;.,.-ii  FIRST STREET  M  mmm  ihommmgco.  LTD.  Stores kt vy  ���<���  yicpagi^^  f||j^Kfo^  and  lift :-.  [i!;:V"ijtli!:  siplli':;;  1*1^:1 tin :'.:.���; 5p'^^v' I  ������fJ*A,,tiiii:.?ilS'.'.:"i  Stores   and  Residences   Lighted   on  the  most Modern Plan.  Wiring done according   to the rules of  the Board of Underwriters.  Fixtures   and  Electrical   Supplies   always  ���:W':'l'^.Y'':';r..r-1' in Stock.'. ���  Most Complete Assortment of  DRUGS, TOILET REQUISIT]  DRUGGISTS'  ke i BANK BLOCK/PHOENIX, B.C.  IN THE BOUNDARY  Prompt  Attention to Mail Orders g  ,fj  ��� V9  si  rmmM  SMJSi;;.^ iiljj'  iMS^lllSti  '��?'?'  K��W" w     ^^���^rwy-vwyw^iKPi  ^.cwe^^VMSWranaS^iUSl-' -^S5  tHim p'' ���fSS  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  35  .'jjtWj  \4&  &ar.  m  U ��� *���'  THE   TOWN   OF   MIDWAY  Centre of Railway Construction in the Bmiridapyx  IT would be difficult to find a town  more beautifully located than is  Midway, at the present terminus  of the Columbia & Western branch  of the C.P.R., eight miles below  Greenwood, where the limpid waters  of Boundary creek flow into the main  Kettle river, Midway being the oldest  town in the Boundary.  For years the town was known as  Eholts, and in 1893���a long time ago  in the Boundary���the site was pur-  chased from the pre-emptor, Louis  Eholt, by Capt. R. C. Adams, of  Montreal, and H. P. Palmerstott,  of  town took on additional life, but the  residents always felt that the time  would come when any and all railways  from the coast to the Kootenays must  pass to or through Midway��-and in  1905 their predictions were verified,  and are likely to be verified still further  this coming year. The surveys of the  C.P.R., Great Northern (V., V. & E.)  and Midway & Vernon railways all  start west from Midway, arid this last  summer all three lines had forces of  men at work near the town. The  CP.R., while building but two or three  miles west of the town, will undoubt*  designed to connect the Boundary  With the Okanagah lake district. The  route is about 15a miles in length, and  will open up a rich mineral and agri*  cultural country, being assured of a  good tonnage from the start. During  1905 contracts for grading ten miles  of the roadbed were let, and next year  it is expected to see the entire line  completed through to Vernon. The  road is being financed by New York  capitalists, and is said to be a part of  an extensive system of railways, the  details of which have not yet been  made public.  Spokane, for themselves and several associates. The townsite was platted  that year, and the Midway Company,  Ltd., was organized with a capital of  $60,000, to acquire this and other  property of the original syndicate. The  officers of the Company are: President,  Peter Lyall; vice-president, "George. A.  Greene; secretary-treasurer, A. M.  Wovenden, all of Montreal; local  agent, CM; Crpuse. The townsite  comprises about 646 acres, most of it  as level as a board~-an ideal spot for  the building of an ideal town.      r  When the C.P.R. construction was  completed to Midway in  1900,  the  VIEW OF MIDWAY.  edly continue its line through the  Similkameen, or surrender the tonnage  of that section entirely to the Great  Northern���which would hardly be  done with any pleasure.  The Great Northern, however, now  has about 1,200 men at work on the  railway grade west of Midway on this  side of the international boundary line,  and several hundred on the other side,  the route of the railway dipping into  the United States to secure a better  gradient. This work has been going  on for months, and will be continued  all winter,  The Midway & Vernon railway was  Midway has been the  headquarters  of these railways  this  last  year, the  business all being done here, and  the  engineering and  grading staffs  being'  located here when not in the field.  In 1904 the Great Northern graded  its line for 14 miles from the Republic  branch at Curlew, Wash., to Midway,  but the rails were not laid tiil last fall,  and on December 10th last, passenger  trains from Spokane, 167 miles distant, began running into Midway seyeii  days in the week, giving the most direct  connection with the outside world,  such as Grand Eorks and Phoenix  enjoy.  ��-������... ���-'.:_������_'   i- . -I : ���-. ,'.1'.'..*, aJrjvtni-'i.V>T_I.V-"i^OL-*'>'-*-^*t'-!:-i  fSl!  .iiiK!'.  Mi P.  ��� ii-  vi ���; I !h!: .  4. Wl   ��� ���,"������  ;i|:!i!��!if'ii ���-..������ ���������-  riifiiyi,:?;-'::v  i:ill,;5, :���!''! p'    ; -. ���   ������  -'   ;[j( r ��1 -;.! ������. -��� ���'������  i-j mmy��r : -���  IliiS^K^'-'p ������.���������''���-������,'  0  liiir  a'I  sip-  k I;  Jit  m  ii  !!!;:  il  ;i!n  IP  'if i  li ! ii  3.  ,��i-ll  II  ill  #  ���jjjfj!  I  if  iM-p -tilr  ���ijfei!fii|if  fe it��  .MM  hi  ���' ii'  Pi  ��lift?  pli?ii! i,|p ���:  I.?  jilt-  ;:i;'J'  ^i?:).  I  HI1  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY^NG JOURNAL.  Mills at ��� .  NAKUS^ WESTLEY,  CASCADE   and  NELSON  Head Office:  Columbia  flAKUSP, B.C.  i^S^ISS!i^D!v; PHOEMX  Lumber Co.  Manufactotersj of  kinds of ,    /  T  tjpijfi'dr*  AND  DRESSED  LUMBER,  SHINGLES,  LATH, etc.  MININi MlVEBERilA   SPECIALTY  UBBER GOODS description  for MINING PURPOSES  Rubber Belting, Fire Hose, Steam and Air Hose, High Pressure  "Star ReqJ" Sheet packing, Valve and Piston Packings, Sheave  and Pulley Fallings; Rubber Bumpers and Springs, Rubber  CIc>th3rig and Boots, etc.  When you see this Trade Mark  on a Rubber Article���  IT'S RIGHT  B!A!  ER  SOMPANY  Sales Branches and Warehouses:  172 Granville St. - HALIFAX, N.S.  Imperial Bank Building MONTREAL, Que.  Front & Yonge Sts. - TORONTO, Ont.  Princess Street - WINNIPEG, Man.  #��riiova Street       -       VANCOUVER, B.C.  View of Factories, Montreal, Quebec.   Floor  area, 21 acres.  to.  3.}  T  ^ ���-?  '������:ij5  '.^  r.. An  ta-'C  1.-0 PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.
Afca; Zjw ^/^ ^/V/^ /toAa* Through to the Coast.
SINCE the construction of the
Canadian Pacific main line no
railway building has attracted
more attention on the outside
than that of the Victoria, Vancouver & Eastern Railway and Navigation
Co., Ltd., the title of the Great Northern
on this side of the boundary, that is
being put through to Vancouver as fast
as men and money can perform the
task. This particular piece of railway
building has, to a large extent, occupied the centre of the stage, on account
of the intense and bitter opposition
shown to it by the C.P.R7.
A tull story of this opposition would
fill several volumes, but it is well
known, at least in the Boundary, how
every conceivable obstacle was thrown
in the way of progress oi.the new line.
This happened first at Ottawa for
yeirs, and then this last fall it was carried to the construction camps thern-
elves. It is almost superfluous to add
that the opposition will, after all, probably be of little avail, and that the
Boundary some day, in the not distant
future, will have a direct line of railway
to the coast of this province—if no"
two of them.
A year ago last summer the V.~*V.
&  E.  was   constructed  from  Grand
Forks to Phoenix by John W. Stewart,
whose  manager   of construction was
Patrick Welch.    Some of the  fastest
time ever made in railway building was
made then and there, notwithstanding
the unusually heavy rock cutting entailed.    In  six months the steel was
laid on 25 or 30 miles of line, with
sidetracks,  etc.,  ancb'J^ains were running.     Thus James   J.   Hill's  lines
secured a part of the great ore tonnage
from the Granby mines, and incidentally considerable business in addition.
This last year another link in the
road to the coast was started, running
west from  Midways 3he line having
been graded 14 miles from Curlew, on
the Republic line, to Midway the previous summer.   Sohje|miles west from
Midway, in order to secure a satisfac-
factory grade, the road dips back into
the State of Washington,  and  then
across the line again on into the rich
Similkameen district^ the grading contracts having been let as far as Keremeos.     On the U^^ States side of
the line, the road is known as the
Washington & Great Northern.     Reference to the map on the next page,
specially engraved for the Pioneer, will
show the route on both sides of the
line from Laurier to Keremeos.
Mr. Stewart was again given the contract for the building of the line on the
Canadian side, and his partner, Mr.
Welch, was once more in charge, pushing things in a construction way as
only he knows how. The chief engineer of the V., V. & E. is James H.
Kennedy, who is now well known all
over the Boundary, every part of which
has been visited and surveyed by him
over and over. Mr. Kennedy was recently seen by the editor of the Pioneer
after an extended trip over the line of
the road as far as Princeton.
He   stated  that   the   work   from
Midway  to  the boundary line, where
the crossing is made into Washington,
some 30 miles fmm there,  is  making
excellent progress, though the contractors could use many more men if they
could be had.    Altogether theie are
now about 1,200 men on this 30 miles,
some of the work being heavy rock
cutting.     There'are two tunnels,.one
about 850 feet and another some 400
feet in length.    It was at the mouth of
one of these cuts, where the excavated
rock was being dumped on C. P. R.
land,   that   the   recent    sensational
trouble occurred between the grading
gangs of the two rival railways, which
fs expected to be decided in the courts
in favor of the V., V. & E.    Work
will be continued all winter.
The grading contracts let to the
sub-contractors by J. W. Stewart, who
has the work from Seims, Shields &
Co., are in the form of stations of 100
feet each, as is usual, the following being the names and number of stations
of each contractor, fiom Midway to
the boundary line:
Burns & Jordan, 259 stations; Johnson & Anderson, 97 stations, including 85c foot tunnel; Johnson & Welch,
142 stations; D. J. Brown, 56 stations,
George Chew, 104, stations; Burns &
Jordan, 96 stations, including 400 foot
tunnel; Johnson $. Welch, 82 stations;
T. J. Gallagher, 123 stations^ E. A.
Carleton, 65 stations; P. S Hughes,
144 stations; Gorman & Pierce, 124
The distance on the line in American territory, to where it again enters
Canada, is about 47 miles. This* work
is all well under way also, but is not
making as good progress as that on this
side of the line.
At the point where the line comes
into British Columbia again, a distance
of some 17 miles from Keremeos, the
work is just being opened up, some 40
or 50 teams having gone through this
week  to  be used in grading, etc.    It
will probably be done by Mr. Stewart's
men    direct.      From   Keremeos   to
Princetop, via Hedley, the distance is
some 48 miles, and whether this  will
be let this winter or not is not known.
It  was supposed that it would not be
given out till spring, but a change may
be made and "the work rushed all winter, as is being done just west of Midway, for it Js known that Mr. Hill is
anxious  to   finish the line into the
Similkameen with  the least possible
Mr. Kennedy makes his headquarters at Midway, where he has his office
and engineering staff headquarters.
J. W. Stewart, who has the contract
for the V., N. & E. lines on the Canadian side of the boundary line, is a
partner of Peter Larson, probably one
of the best known railroad contractors
in the northwest. Mr. Larson, who
started years ago on the construction
of the Northern Pacific and Great Northern, with absolutely '.nothing but a
willingness tcfc work and an indomitable
will, is now. wealthy, -.being a large
realty owner in Spokane and owning
extensive interests in mines and banks
ft' 38  1 1  i; 1  ij  7 ,1,! <��� ���'  |p   1   >  ���'MM:  I M1!  .���'  |i;',!.;   j.,-.  J. H.J l> ,1  |-.|..i;1Si;-m  i  . hi '  Sill!.' .-'r  jifp!;:-:  ���I    ii1!,..,  I  i'i- ���  ���ini!'-:!   -  1     '    : 1  Hi! .'���''I'  Hi fK1  lite*  ��  CO  .0  W  S  w  w  k*"  O  r h  W  g  s  [L,   O  o ��  P  o  at  O  J3  G  O  �� *  o  *4  *-��  W  6  Cl)  a  s  00  C p  *4  a  o  3  u  a  3  o  PQ  o ��  d S  ��S Q  C C  O u  c a  a  o  04  u  o  4>  8P  o  CO  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL,  t��  ��*  ���ii.VJ  i  .&?  fc-y"  fc-"  lb       _.  l . .Ail  IV   '4 '  i fM  m  ���; pi*  1 i-i  E.  iv.  ��fi  swv.  ft  -v  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  39  worth millions ot dollars. He is essentially a self made man, and, withal,  .s as democratic as when he could  count his dollai s on the fingers of his  hands. ������  Remarkable  Railway Dispute.  As heretofore stated, the construction of the V., V. & E. by the Great  Northern 'people has been blocked at  every possible step by antagonistic interests, but the action that created the  most interest was that which happened  about the middle of November in the  railway camps six miles west of Midway, where the V., V. & E. grade is  being built. A view of the ground in  dispute then, with a bunch of the disputants, will be seen oh this page.  It appears that, the V., V. & E.  right of way runs across the corners of  two or three blocks Of land recently  acquired by the C. P. R. by virtue of  its Columbia & Western (the title of  the C.P.R. Boundary extension) land  grant. As the legal right to expropriate land was undisputed, the V., V. &  E. people went to work ^across these  particular blocks, and then the trouble  began. Already the C.P. R. had sent  a gang of laborers west of Midway to  build a few miles of grade and lay  track, and these men were h '.rried to  the disputed property. Then the V.,  V. & E. men were called in from all  over the grade, and soon there were  from 500 to r,ooo men on the scene,  and trouble was imminent. Cooler  heads, however, prevailed, constables  were on hand, and nothing more serious than some shoving and pushing  occurred.  The matter was taken into the  courts on one piece of land, and the  V., V. & E. granted expropriation  proceedings. Following this they  went to work on the other disputed  pieces of land, never thinking there  would be further trouble, but again  they were opposed by the C. P. R.  graders, led by the contractors and  sub-land agent. This time the trouble was where the mouth of a tunnel  is to be, and it was desired to dump  the material onC. P. R. land, but the  agents of that company would net  have it. Recourse to the courts was  again had, and work is now going on  as usual���and the V., V. & E. is being  extended into the Similkameen and  on to Vancouver as fast as money and  men can perform the work.  One  of the  best equipped of the  contractors  on  the V., V. & E. construction is the firm of Burns & Jordan, who also graded about ten  miles  of the  Phoenix  extension  last year.  This firm now has six or  seven   miles  of grading work west  of Midway on  this side of the international line, besides considerable on the other side on  the same railway,  including two  tunnels.    The work has the personal supervision of both the members of the  firm, Edward Burns and John Jordan,  several hundred  men  being  in  their  employ, and their construction   outfit  and paraphernalia  being  one of the  most extensive along the  line.    They  expect to be kept busy on   their  contracts until some time  next  summer,  the making of tunnels being rather a  slow process as compared  with   other  railway construction.     Mr. Burns and  Mr. Jordan were residents of Phoenix  for some six months, with their  families, and made  many friends . in   this  camp  during  that time,   while  their <  work was in progress.  s&  *Jk  ���v^  i^Zyitf'tfiiYS'&FX  1        I1   HI I   -1   l  8CBNS OP V., V. A S.  AND C. P. R. RAILWAY DISPUTE. 40 ���  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  At/^6^ 2Oj0*s AW&SffitM,  wmmti  (j.lj   ���������Ij, p. J,..'.���-;(.  ���'ii!'^;:-::rv.;r  i'.-f >r  m?m  mmm  pfft:  i:!  life's^,.  ;/ ' lHv>:1'..':p'p'('-> .-v.-p  {!;.|li{|W.'���������:;;���:;  illilli;  ���!]iiii:H!?*ifil'.:'-!Lv-;���:';���:. ���'...'  !lili#��;l��  ��jHli':t  ptp4tt&,  !i*i!i:[.I,-.l^!:'.;.P..',  -     li-i.v.H' .'^t- "1 -,- : ���  bifiijitr1;'!:;.. p.  ���MM!i;Til.'fe  s>v  A  tort*  5s*,  ^.  MAP  Of  r/m/(iM% 0  &  <&  CA0P  KHS/rjE-  sSc*M 4 Af//es =�� ///rch  *��ir��#&r��  'fcrinctpo/C/otms  ./vwrxr  T7CEfi\  t <fi fl  f 9M  Cj/osfor  San/per  4/0X  AkatafM  AtorfefU/M  Atofffyrey  #**-  VCMTTtYA  fORNeXt  *>.  9mts/r��  w  m  Mm  ilifl  m  lit  Wife.  \l/ON,  B"       - i  ^  &*  B  B  I**0**  iv/r  t}\  %\  f&/lL/Mt  .&  BO/WSTft  Twwr  w  l/ff/eBerfha  f  Jctoft/?/x/er  Jt70M<tVA  AMX  .{X  <Sfra*v6erry^  <?oe9/?of#eM7/j  X Ti*! p|~  -8C  T#(ror*  \cmwc  ?T0I6ES  A**��/ttOf,  &��k  0/#C���of  $  [*  Mil  v v.  \  Cascc  'i&er^  Jo /fe/x/&//c  /nret/iatroaa/      ��o(//?<&/-y    !//?���  i,#��B...tl%v ,(K!H   ��'-t3 p >  ���p.:"p}?S  w^^^^s?^^^  ^^^^.���'^���^'^f^w^a/'.^Trr.  ssBfiasSf  ;..i-&s JPfioENiX PIONEER ANt> BOUNDARY MINING- JOURNAL.  4*  i��&  IS  m  ���T>m  %  **  FRRNKLIN CAMP AND NORTH PORK  Exceedingly Rich in Minerals and Destined to be a Large Producer.  Franklin   Camp.  RANKLIN camp is 45 miles  north of Grand Forks, and has  a known area of abont ten  by six miles. The formation  consists of lime, porphyry and  conglomerate, surrounded by granite  hills. The district is locally subdivided  into three camps, namely, McKinky,  Banner and Mineral Hill.  The principal claims on McKinley  mountain are the Mckinley, Ajax,  Jumbo, I. X. L., Manhattan and ..Gold  King. All of them have had considerable surface stripping done, and jhave  every indication of large and permanent ore bodies. . _  The McKinley claim is the only one  on this mountain which has been/even  paitially developed. Surface croppings  indicate the existence of parallel ledges,  and the largest is estimated at 300  feet in width. This ledge ��� has been  tapped by a tunnel 220 feet long, and  at a depth of 175 feet the ore is of  good grade and carries a high percentage of iron.  At a distance of 104 feet from the  portal of this tunnel, a drift 115 teet  long was made to the right. The last  70 feet of this drift is in good ore,  with known bodies of high grade ore  still to be encountered.  A great many test pits and open  cuts on the surface of this deposit show  it to have at least a width of 300 feet.  This ledge will average as far as developed 3 per cent copper, $1.50 in gold  and silver.  Two ledges were encountered 300  and 1500 feet east of the main deposit,  but only one of these has been worked  to any extent. Open cuts were made  every 50 feet for a distance of 250  feet, and a tunnel 30 feet long driven  on the ledge, which appears to be of a  uniform width of 20 feet. This ore  averages 1 o per cent copper, 10 ozs.  silver, and $x in gold. The . ore of  ledge number 3 is of similar high  grade.  On this group of properties there is  sufficient water and timber for mining  purposes, and a depth of 1,000 feet  can be, gained by 1,500 feet of tunnel.  This properly is at present under bond  for $200^000^ and will be tested by  diamond drills in the spring.  The McKinley Mines, Ltd., own the  Mckinley- group, which was developed  for several months in 1905.    The offi  cers of the company are : President,  B. Lequime; directors, C. R. Hamilton and A. B. McKenzie, of Rossland,  W. H. Warrington and D. Whiteside,  of Grand Forks.  Professor R. W. Brock, of the Do  minion Geological Survey, is said to  be the first competent, authority to lay  stress on the favorable geological conditions respecting the genesis of ore  . deposits in Franklin camp. He weir  oxer the ground very thoroughly several years ago. His report especially  noted the presence of lime and porphyry on McKinley mountain. The  two. minerals traverse the mountain  east and west in two parallel belts, the  upper half of the mountain consisting  of "birdseye" porphyry. From a point  half way down, or 1,50c feet, lime extends down the slope until it gradually shades into conglomerate at Franklin creek: ���*  On the I. X. L., one mile west of  the McKinley, the owners are this  winter sinking a shaft on a promising  surface showing. There is every reason to believe that other properties on  this mountain will show equally as  good results as the McKinley mine,  with development.  On Banner mountain there are a  a number of exceptionally fine show-  ings, chief of which are the Banner,  Bullion, Home Stake, Alpha, Mountain Lion, Gloster, G. H., and Tiger.  On the Banner a tunnel has been  run 200 feet, cutting a ledge of $8  copper ore,of a width of 36 feet. A  shaft oh the surface is 20 feet deep  and shows a three foot ledge of silver-  lead ore, said to average $60 per ton.  On the Gloster, the bottom of a  shaft 50 feet deep,is in ore averaging  13 per cent copper and $2.50 in gold  and silver. The other three claims  mentioned haye excellent showings,  but little work has Been done on them..  On Mineral hill the principal properties are the Mineral hill and Pollard  >groups of claims, and'both.of, these  groups have phenomenal surface showings of high grade copper-gold ores.  They are still held by the original locators, who are each doing a little development. There is a tunnel on the  Mineral Hill, 140 feet long, not yet to  the ore body, and on the Pollard a  shaft 40 feet deep is ali in ore of good  'grade.  The chief characteristics of this  camp are the regularity of the forma  tion, the depth that can be gained  by  tunneling on the principal ore bodies, ,  the immense size of the surface showings, and the grade of the ore.     Any .  mine in the camp can be  reached  by  a railway spur on a one per cent, grade.  Nortk Fork of  Kettle River.  REFERENCE to map will show  thai. Volcanic camp is located  ten miles due nonh of Grand  Forks. Pathfinder camp 16  miles, and Franklin camp 45  miles from Grand Forks.  On the Volcanic mountain is'a huge  mass of solid ore, 1,000 feet wide and  3,000 feet long, and surface values  average $2.00 in copper and gold. The  average iron contents are 39 per cent.  This mountain immediately overlooks  the Kettle river, and ij the easiest  worked proposition in this country,  once transportation is afforded.  Near the Volcanic are the Earthquake and Golden Eagle claims. The  Earthquake has a shaft 80 feet deep,  and shows three feet of $8 ore. The  Golden Eagle is developed to a depth  of 125 feet, and sorted ore is said to  have given gross returns of $27 at the  Granby smelter.  Immediately opposite, on the west  side of the North Fork, are the Seattle, Humming Bird and .Strawberry  groups, all partially developed claims,  with every evidence of being able to  supply a large and permanent tonnage.  In Pathfinder camp are several  promising properties, chiefly the Pathfinder, Little Bertha, Diamond Hitch  and Bonanza. The Little Bertha is a  fairly well developed gold-silver prop  erty, shipments to the Granby smelter  showing values of $67 per ton.  The Pathfinder is developed considerably by shaft and tunnel work,  and shows large ore bodies averaging  $8 and carrying a high percentage of  iron. This gold-copper property is  well equipped with machinery, but is  seriously handicapped by lack of transportation facilities.  The Diamond Hitch and Bonanza  have large surface showings which  would seem to justify development,  but very little has been done on them  All these profe/ties are adjacent to  the North Fork of Kettle river, and  any railroad which will develop this  district may be assured of a rich reward. j/v}   el s"i��  pi  ���-"wwttttffiggj^  '      f  '.-'1  It  ! i  A'Y  I1 111"  I  jllll    ,    I  ji! ,!    }'  I, .'I,     (1     ,  '11  i if,ti;  M  it��ii it,  14;I nil  li.l1!  '  A:  to''.1'"  i(ii'', 11-  .|!'l"' '  i y p 'pipi ,  llt.,v  ,i,l I'M  Sal luf^i!v11  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  CITY OF GRAND   FORKS  Metropolis of the Kettle River Valley��� Where Three Railways Meet.  ONE might travel far before he  could find a more desirable site  for the location of a large city  than will be found at Grand  Porks. The stranger, seeing it  for the first time, with the fertile valleys stretching away for miles, is at  once struck with its beauty and attractiveness. Located at the confluence of the main Kettle river with the  Nbrth Fork of the same stream, it is  irMeed picturesquely situated. The  valley of which it is the center is said ,  to hare about 20,000 acres of arable  htad, agriculture and horticulture  being most successfully carried on.  Latterly the larger holdings have been  divided, and those tilling the soil in  this valley have had their full share of  success.  For years  in  the earliest days, the  present town of  Grand   Forks   was  known as Grand Prairie, but when the  mineral discoveries of the Boundary  commenced to attract the attention of  the  miner and  capitalist,  a thriving  fown sprang up,  and this was the nucleus  of the present enterprising city  of Grand Forks.   Another town also  sprang up adjoining, and  was known  as  Upper Grand  Forks and later as  Columbia,   but  three   years ago,  by  mutual consent, the two towns amalgamated and assumed the name of the  older place���the   combination bein*  known far and wide as one of the most  enterprising places in the interior of  British Columbia.  The definite location of the Granby  smelter was an instance of the energy  of Grand Forks citizens. Jay P.Graves,  manager of the company, and his associates, examined no less than five  different sites in the Boundary, including Cascade, Carson, Midway,"  Greenwood and Grand Forks, and the  residents of Grand Forks, realizing the  advantage of having a large concern  of this character located there, made  such inducements that they secured it.  Another example of what push and  enterprise will do was the building of  a railway line from Grand Forks to  Republic, connecting the well known  American mining town with the Boundary. It was due almost entirely to  Grand Foiks people that the line was  built several years ago.  One industry above all others is  paramount in Grand Forks, and that  is smelting, for, as above noted, here  is located the smelting works of the  Granby Consolidated, employing several hundred men at good wages, and  from year to year increasing its sphere  of operations in the smelting as well  as in the mining line. Further detaijs  of this great enterprise can be gleaned  from other pages in this issue, where  the  works  are  more  fully described  1  and illustrated. Reference also to the  several maps printed in this issue will  illustrate the strategical position.ot  Grand Forks, being the nearest point  of prominence in the Boundary to the  American side, as well as the supply  point for the rich and partially developed mineral fields of the North Fork '  of Kettle river and its tributaries.  Grand Forks is the customs headquarters lor the entire Boundary, with  srub-ports at Greenwood, Phoenix,  Midway, Sidley, Osoyoos, Cascade,  Keremeos, Carson and Fair view���all  reporting to R. R. Gilpin, who has  been the collector of customs since  long before there was any settlement  at the present location of Grand Forks.  Sidney R. Almond, gold commissioner  for Grand Forks mining division, has  his office and that of mining recorder  here. Mr. Almond is also registrar of  the supreme and county courts.  Grand Forks is essentially a residential center, many fine homes dotting the landscape on all sides of the  corporation. The educational facilities of Grand Forks certainly take a  front rank with cities many times  larger and older in" the province. A  modern stone and brick school house  has been erected, complete in every  respect, having six class rooms, a large  basement and modern sanitary arrangements.    The building cost  over  -&��  YAfcE HOTEL,  GfiAND  FORKg,  **"    \       i       k       * i  ��^^y���r��.*.T^i,.. r ���-���!-. e���  jf^-v^^y, .������  ii'-^"j..pi,(.. v  ^.|��i".gw...p^3i*'~|-w,.l.*'^  L"  L\,3  i  m  5?  ft  ffl  V  I*' ~  i.  I  \  "^'SOa'P'*"'// f* njwjf.^.  t r  y..  H*  t 1 ,W  ***��''<''*'*"TO**^ PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  43  ���tti  ���"-'"a  h'P  $  s >'  *3  ���W*r  ��  $20,000 and is a credit not only to  the'city but to the entire Boundary  country. The average attendance runs  about 250 scholars. In connection  with the public school a high school  was established in 1903, ',it being the  only one in the Boundary. In educational facilities Grand Forks certainly  takes a front rank.  Banking facilities in Grand Forks  have not been overlooked in the  growth of the place, there being three  such institutions, namely> branches of  the Royal Bank of Canada, the Eastern  Townships Bank and the; British American Trust Co.,* Ltd."   f  In another respect Grand Forks can  lay claim to being in the 'lead in the  Boundary. It has, the'largest and  finest hotel in this entire section���the  Yalu ��� costing about $60,000 and  being the pride of the "municipality.  S'.rangers will be 'well cared for in  Grand Forks. An illustration of. the  Yale appears;  Grand Forks was one of the earliest  settlements in the Bounc&ry, being the,  diverging point for the Christina lake  section, the Colville Indian reservation  on the American side, the North Fork,  for Rock Creek and Greenwood and  for many miles of the JCettle river  basin. The original site of the town,  which was owned by George McRae,  was settled on in the early nineties,  and in 1893 was sold/to John A.  Manly, who shortly thereafter founded,  the present town by platting it. From  that day to this has been a period of  more or less steady growth, and there  can re no doubt but that it is destined  to be a large and  populous centre, as  nrUXF)  F'MJKS  PCBLIC   SCHOOL.  fa^B^&SSSS^S^SSSfS^^^SSSTXBS^OBKSSi  w^kmWUmJ,y::^mm&  fflgKHaWY*!mm  wWffmmmkmm'    -'tHI  tmBSSKKtWmSMf/v^.Wlm^''Wt  mBbBHIHH^'IM^sKmEHII  smm^B^mKmSwWmx- '*?���*- "SSI  JBJHHaMHMBBaiaBHBBt '{.V 'Sffi  pBpwBBSbwBBHHBR. ������?-������ - f|  HJnttgEa  11  i^^^^^^S^'"^  SP^sl  p��BranuBgB^^                         .- nwtnr  JSViiSaBBS  >SnfiffiH^fflR9SffiS3S^^BNH8j^rrjK^Hft  G. A. FRA6ER, M.P.P., OF GRAND FORKS.  the smelting industry and the agricultural and f horticultural potentialities  continue to be developed, as they  undoubtedly will be.  For years the town of Grand "Forks  had a modest growth, and at one time  the town of Cascade, 13 miles below  Grand Forks on Kettle river, threatened to outstrip it. But if the town was  small, the spirit of its founders was  great, and no sacrifice seemed too  much to bring capitalists to see its  many advantages. They were noted  far and wide for their progressiveness  and desire to do everything possible to  build up their town. As stated heretofore, the bringing of the Granby  smelter there was a case in point. The  encouragement of the building of the  branch of the Great Northern into the  Boundary, as well as that of the Kettle  Valley lines, were others, and today  the residents feel certain that they will  see the smoke of another smelter curling up in the clear atmosphere of that  valley, in their neighborhood, at no  distant date.  At the time of the construction of  the C. P. Ry.'s Columbia & Western  branch* line into, the Boundary from  the Columbia river, 1899-1 goo, Grand  Forks received, a great impetus, the  boom in Republic being on at the  same time. Travel into the Boundary  'all'had to pass through Grand Forks,  and before the days of railways that,  meant staying thereover night���and the  one who did that was not overlooked.  Next" to smelting the most important  creator of wealth in the Kettle river  valley is the tiller of the soil, and  nature was exceedingly generous to  that valley. For years the land was  held in large sections, more than one  could cultivate by himself. Of late  years, however, it has been divided up  into small Lo'dings, and diversified  and intensive farming has been coming more and more into vogue. The  r..sult has been surprising to those not  familiar with the prolific nature of that  .soil. 'All crops yield most abundantly,  and there is an excellent market right  at hand, in the nearby mining camps  and settlements all over the Boundary.  Fruit does particularly well, and there.  is* little or no trouble in securing satisfactory prices for it, as well as for all  other products. As the mines and  smelters enlarge the market also grows  ��r.?ater and would seemingly always  absorb whatever may be raised in this  beautiful and fertile valley. In the  course of time farming will become  even more important and be carried on  on a greater scale.  Another source of revenue of no  mean importance to Grand Forks,is  -the  limbering   industry.      While  the\  Kettle  river  valley itself is  not well  wooded, the hills and   mountains to  which the nearby stieams lead'afford a  splendid field for the lumbermatvand  logger, with  their millions of acres of  firs and cedars and other useful trees.  More than  one railway has l}een projected up the North Fork from Grand  VForks, and the Kettle Valley lines, now/  known as the Spokane and BritisbbCo-  lumbia railway, has done some surveying up that stream,  having a charter  that permits construction and a subsidy  from     the     Dominion    government.  Those whe claim to know, assert that  the income from  the timber industry  alone would  be sufficient to  warrant  the construction  of that piece of railway, to say nothing of the mineral resources of the district to,be traversed.  From all of this it can readily be  noted that Grand Forks has a solid  foundation and a cause for its growth.  5��s- ���agljggj^  .44  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  1    p  ii 1 iiji  i'lt.;  1!    1 in1 i1  ii'l 'I':  .111 ii''i,''r  ii '.i!  '!'. !-i  : ("' i,  ELKHORN and PRINCE HENRY  Two High Grade and Most Promising Mines.  The Elkh  orit.  *HE Boundary Elkhorn Mining  Co., ��� Ltd., was incorporated  last summer with a capital of  $200,000 in dollar shares, for  the purpose of purchasing and  ^developing the Eikhorn group of  claims, situated one mile due north of  the court house in the city of Greenwood, adjoining the well known Providence .mine, part of the Elkhorn  properties being on the Grernwood  townsite.  Included in this group are the Elkhorn, Elkhorn fraction and D. H. fraction mineral claims, comprising over  100 acres of valuable mineral ground  which has had a large amount of systematic development work done on it  in the last few years.  A shaft was sunk 142 feet on the  vein in the Elkhorn claim by James  Sutherland and Phil McDonald, and  two levels run north and south on the  vein.from the shaft at the 85 and 142  foot levels. Ore was followed on both  levels for over .300 feet, and the vein  was stoped out in a practical and mining like manner.  During the two years that Messrs.  Sutherland and McDonald worked the  mine $72,000 worth of ore was shipped  to the smelters. This ore is high  grade in silver, with gold varying from  $r2 to $42 per ton. Shipments of  first class ore averaged from $90 to  $170 per ton net .to the mine.  For a few months last summer the  Elkhorn was closed while the present  company was being incorporated, and  on the 9th of last October a meeting  of the shareholders was held, officers  and directors being elected as follows:  President, Phil McDonald; vice presi  dent, James Sutherland; secretary and  treasurer, H. V. Fuller; managing director, Dr. J. E. Spankie. Directors  are Phil McDonald, James Sutherland, Dr. J. E. Spankie, H. V. Fuller,  E. G. Warren and R. P. Williams!  Twenty thousand shares of treasury  stock were set aside for development,  which were subscribed at the meeting!  and on October 11 work was resumed  at the mine with a force of ten men.  The main slnft is being sunk to the  200-foot level, when drifts will be run  north and south on the vein, and fhe  ore stoped out to the 142-foot level.  Two crosscuts have been run to the  east on both levels, and the ore was  encountered in each. On the 142-foot  level the ore is very rich, showing a  great deal of native silver, antimonial  silver, galena and zinc blend.  The management is installing an  electric hoist at the mine, furnished by  E G. Warren, manager of the Greenwood Electric company, which will  facilitate the work considerably. It is  the intention now to keep on sinking  and run levels 75 feet apart for sloping  out the ore. At present the mine is  worked altogether by hand drilling,  but by next spring a complete electric  p'ant will probably be installed. Shipments of ore are now beginning. The  last sale of personal stock netted the  owner 50 cents per share, there being  no treasury stock on the market.  rmce  Henry.  *HE Prince Henry - Abercraig  Mining and Developing Syndicate last summer secured a  bond on the Prince Henry  and Abercraig claims, in the  high grade bjlt, and due east and close  to the city of Greenwood, the claims  being first bonded by Dr. J. E. Spankie  and G. A. Rendell, both of Greenwood, and later the syndicate was  formed. There are 100 shares, and  the holder of each share pays in $10  per month, thus forming a development fund amounting to $r,ooo per  month.l  Work was started with a force of  ";en under Walter McDona'd on a  i.ch stringer, which proved,as the doctor thought, to be a feeder to a vein  "��>t far distant. He then directed the  surface to be prospected, and the quartz  prince "henry.  l'ltlSCB   HKXBY.  vein was located, which it was decided  to sink on. At the depth of 50 feet  the quartz was still showing, but was  broken up. At 75 feet depth an improvement took place, and it was decided to form the syndicate and bond  the property, Mr. Rendell being chairman, and Dr. Spankie . secretary-treas-  urert Sinking was continued steadily,  and" at the 112 foot level the vein was  found stronger than ever, it having a  strife from north to south, and dipped  to the east at an angle of 40 degrees.  A drift to the north was started at  this level a few weeks ago, and in a few-  feet'good ore was encountered, and  has been continuous, without any barren quartz or breaks to the present  distance (November 22nd) of 52 feet.  It is the intention to make an upraise  and start stoping the ore for shipment  to the smelter, while the drift will be  continued north at the same time.  Prince Henry ore is a galena, zinc  blend, native silver, and iron and copper pyrites in a granular quartz gangue,  and the property should soon rank  among the many high grade shipping  mines surrounding Greenwood.  At present the Prince Henry is  showing a good deal of native silver,  the last two tests returning $194 anc*  $822���14 ounces in the latter being  gold, balance silver. Thus it wn be ^tt\\  thaVthe ore will average hiidi. ;.Both in  the raise and in the face of tlie drift 10  inches of clean ore was encountered.  Being on the main Greenwood-Phoenix  wagon road, shipments can be readily  made. When the new hoist is in place  it is the intention to sink another 100  feet. W. H. Jeffrey, M.E., is engineer  for the property, the development  being under his direct supervision.  Eg  V?  ^wto-^V"* ��n  mz?z-f?tz*?'"'-tfiv-t?*"v fA**?- -ha^v' ��tniifir^f.r,��wi1r'jrs;  tfTsr^ir^^mms^fil  m*s$ J?k6iiNlX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL  m  m  CITY   OF   GREENWOOD  Encircled bv High and Low Grade Mines.  FEW men have done as much for  the place of their adoption as  did Robert Wood for the city of  Greenwood���that prettily located incorporated town so advantageously situated in the valley of  Boundary creek. Mr Wood has been  aptly called the father of Gretnwood,  and the name is well applied, for,  since he first came into the almost  uninhabited',: Boundary district in the  fall of 1895, having journeyed from  Armstrong, iri the Okanagan country,  and established Greenwood, Mr.Wood  has been steadily and untiringly working for the building up of Greenwood.  Mr. Wood literally hewed his way  in the primeval forest in building  Greenwood, and, as may be surmised,  it was no easy task in those days.  When promising mines were located  in every direction around Greenwood,  form one to fifteen miles distant, Mr.  Wood and his friends were the first to  see the wisdom of building trails and  wagon roads to the various camps,  thereby securing a profitable trade for  the enterprising Greenwood merchants.  And so Greenwood grew and waxed,  strong. When the iron horse was  heard snorting in the distance, getting  ready to cross the range from the Columbia river, Greenwood grew even  faster than before, and prosperity  shone on it in large degree. This was  in 1898 and 1899. The C. P. R.  "began its work of blasting its rocky  way into the Boundary in the former  year, and in the fall of 1899 the first  trains were run into Greenwood. For  years the railway had been promised  and at last it was a reality, and Greenwood   thrived   mightily as the direct  result.  In the meantime many of the mere  prospects had been extensively developed, and some of them had the right  to claim the name of mines, ready to  begin steady ore shipments when the  steel monster should reach the dumps.  Some of the mines were low grade,  and required  many men to develop  them; and then again there were  scores of high grade properties that  gave the greatest promise���a promise  which in increasing numbers is being  verified today. It was the day of  progress and growth. .     .  In July, 1897, the municipality of  the city of Greenwood was formed,  and the place began to take on metropolitan airs by grading streets, build  ing sidewalks, securing water and light  systems, etc. The first assessment  roll of the new city showed a valuation  of $211,035, while that for this iyear  was six or seven times as large. Debentures were issued for making improvements, and so well were they  taken care of that many thousands of  dollars worth have already been called  in and cancelled. As, an instance of  business sagacity on tne part of the  mayor and aldermen of Greenwood,  eariy this year there was an opportunity to buy in some of the debentures at  something like 65 cents on the dollar,  and it was arranged.   Later in the/ 46  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MININ(j JOURNAL  .i'��:.i*r  LOWXW  OmCE- NE^ YORK  OFFTCE-  SJl  <l%  .:kri!|; .;;,*&-,  ���jl.tl; ��s-?y^.  ":--h I Jiji!;[* .*��;.<  ���ijiji.ll.1'!':!.1,'^';'. ���''���'',  13-15 Wibon Sf., Finsfeu*y, E.C.  WHOLESALE  DEALERS  Iron      Morton's  Shards and Snielter Bar  127 Duanc Street.  IN  "B.C.  Steel  Drill  MM  ml  ^iPOLLO" GM^MNIZED STEEL  BEST* BESSEMER BliAOK   SHEET   STEEL  Mff&iy  'H ��!ii;3l!',"-.ri;<;;p.'...!,-:"..���.':���".  Hiilllill  mi  fillip and Light Rails  ^^^^^^^^^^Q^l^^^^ AND WASHERS  1^ Wire Ropes  m/.  mm  ; ill  !!  )   !  111^ VALVES  SEND  FOR  |M||pipMl HARDWARE  ^i^^ilETE ;SlCE^|LlifioF    MIXING     SUPPLIES  TOW?!  liS;  H ,1}  I  ���iWi!  pH  l.i !������ I if .r;..,-.3.; ...  ifilili^.^ ...  'mm*  ���toil  .iliSs! ; teMv-i:  il'i ���  m  If!  mm  \  9^^JH^^0^^J^^PJ^H^^PP����P��0,  CO  CON.  ��.--f   ���:���'���; *V:V  mm'  ��� ��� ''Is! |ii(!f4-i��i '$\?& ���'���' ��� ~#  '������lill!  iif fl!&J#t.^#  ;  if.:   ;'^3p(pO v^ ������';.-���'���  * I^E MANUFACTURERS OF^^.;^iBM^^^S  m  tt  sNb'GJANT'GELATINE  Al^Q MANTjFXeTURERS  �� GELATINE DYNAMITE  ill'  All KiNbis of Explosives for -V  MINING,   RAILROAD  STUMPING  Dealers in .'.  f USE, DETONATORS AND  BLASTING APPARATUS  i!  Factory : TELEGRAPH BAY, B.C.  Head Offices for B.C.: VICTORIA, B.C  H. P, DICKINSON, kterior i^nt.  Offices of Interior Agent :  ROSSLAND, B.C.  ^^i^i^ss ss^^kp*'  ^r jf,^, p^i��|g����  w aa��iM!r^ni5ETM^T?aj^  3,^f^MMff^.fr:.Lse:.fi PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  47  m  MS*  BftE  R*7*J  l*g  SSX  ���vfi  K��  *,i>'j  year it was thought wise co issue $15,-  000 in new debentures to improve the  water system, and these debentures  were sold at 95 cents in Toronto.  Greenwood is provincial government  headquarters for Greenwooti (formerly  Kettle mer) mining division, and the  gold commissioner and mining recorder, William G. McMynn, resides  here. A couple of years ago. the government erected a substantial- court  house in Greenwood at a cost of $20,-  000, Mr. McMynn being registrar for  both supreme and county courts. An  illustration of the building will be  noted here. *  No city or town in the Boundary  has better banking facilities than  Greenwood. When the railway graders  were blasting their way to Greenwood,  three great chartered banks had a  friendly race to see which could first  open a branch in Greenwood. Almost  simultaneously the Bank of Montreal,  the Bank of British North America  and the Canadian Bank of Commerce  were doing business in the Boundary  creek mining and trading centre.  In other ways Greenwood? is favored  better than many places. A fine public school building has been built, with  ample accommodation for years to  come, while five religious denominations have edifices of their own. Fraternal and secret orders are also well  represented with strong branches, and  the Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace are  doing good work in a well equipped  hospital.  In common with all places in the  Boundary, Greenwood felt the quiet  times that followed the completion of  the C P.R. into the Boundary. As in  all new places,  many came into the  GREENWOOD COURT HOUSE.  country on a " shoestring," hoping to  make good in the boom that was oh.  The quiet times eliminated this class,  legitimate mining became more and  more in vogue, and it was found that  the mines were even better and richer  than many of the argonauts of 1 he district had dreamed, and dividends were  paid. With its happy location, at the  confluence of several creeks,, which  were naturally followed by roads and  trails from contiguous mines, Greenwood's old-timers stayed with the place  and gradually received the reward  which they so richly earned.  The men who laid the foundations  of Greenwood appear to have been  gifted with a prescience in the  matter  GREENWOOD SCHOOL HOUSE.  of its location. Midway in the valley  of Boundary creek, between the divide  at Eholt and the beautiful Kettle  River valley where Boundary creek  flows into the Kettle, it challenges a  rival geographically. Long ago nature  made it the objective point of descent  from the mountain ranges on either  side���mountain ranges filled with vast  resources of gold and silver and courier. Obeying nature's law, here the  streams from the mountain ranges flow  into Boundary creek. Through the  heart of the city Twin creek comes  down from the east. One mile north  of the city Providence creek follows its  course from the east into the valley.  A half mile further on Eholt creek  pours a generous flood into the valley.  At the southern limits Copper creek  comes out of the west through a pass  which leads by easy, grade to Dead-  wood and Copper camps beyond. *\  half mile further south Lind creek  pours its pnre waters into the valley.  Along the courses of all these streams  Nature decreed the future travel of the  district. And so today up the valley  of Boundary creek to Kimberly camp,  up the valley of Eholt creek to Summit camp, up Providence creek $0  Providence camp, up Twin creek  Phoenix camp, up Copper creek  Deadwood and Copper camps,  Lind creek to Wellington camp, do\p  Boundary creek to Smith's camp, tjpe  traveller takes his way. In the paths  of pioneer and prospector the hi^i-  ways of the freighter, whether by team  or railway, have been laid. Greenwood  is the meeting point of the waters from  the mountains, the meeting place of  the roads which seek their valleys.  to  to  m  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL;  49,  ETO  M  P- -',i  &  #3  THE   SNOWSHOE   GROUP  Developed to Shipping Stage by English Capital.  THROUGHOUT the length and  breadth of the Boundary there  is but one group of mines  that has been steadily developed for years by English  capital and brought to the point where  it can be made a steady producer.  This does not mean that no English  capital has become interested  in  this  later relocated. �� Then Patrick Clark,  the Spokane mining operator, took a  bond on the property, but failed to do  sufficient work thereon to prove its  value. A bond was finally taken on  the Snowshoe by the British Columbia  (Rossland and Slocan) Syndicate, Ltd.,  and that concern at once entered upon  period of development, practic-  a long  GENERAL VIEW OF  SXOWSIIOE PROPERTY.  section, but rather that one company  in particular has done more than all  the rest combined���we mean when  operated with English capital���in the  shape of development and getting a  mining property to a point where it  can steadily maintain ore shipments.  This property is the Snowshoe group,  adjoining the Granby mines, and located only ten minutes' walk from the  C.P.R. station in Phoenix  That the Snowshoe is one of the  groups of important Boundary mines  is generally admitted, and the fact that  it has already shipped approximately  100,000 tons of ore tells its own  story. The further fact that it is not  now being operated does not lessen its  importance one'whit. Reasons for  this will be explained later in this story.  This group comprises the Snowshoe,  Pheasant, Alma fraction and Fairplay  fraction mineral claims, crown granted  and adjoining. The principal claim  of the group, and the one on which  most of the development has been  done, is the Snowshoe. This claim  was originally  located  in   1891, and  ally bringing the mine to the condition  it is in today���where it has ore bodies  of sufficient size to permit of the prop  erty shipping 500 or more tons per  day for an indefinite period���a number of vears at least.  After the British Columbia [(Rossland and Slocan) Syndicate, Ltd., had  performed about $130,000 worth of  development work from 1899 to 1901,  the Snowshoe Gold and Copper Mines,  Ltd., was organized in^ London with a  capital of ^250,000 to take over the  group and operate the same. This  company was organized by the promoters of the old syndicate and was  floated without trouble in England at  a time when it was difficult to float  anything. The chairman is the Earl  of Chesterfield; vice chairman, George  S. Waterlow, Esq.  Mr. George S. Waterlow, who is a  son of Sir Sydney Waterlow, of London, is one of the best friends that  this district has in England, having  always taken a deep, personal interest  in the property, and has* visited it  several times.  The tonnage of ore shipped from  the Snowshoe for four years, the product going mostly to the Boundary  Palls and Greenwood smelters, was as  fo lows :  Dry Tons  I9OO  297  1901      I��73I  1902    20,800  1903     71,212  Total shipments of ore ..  94,040  ORE QUARRY,  SHOWING MOUTHS OF RAISES, 2i||'HB-i;;^:l:':  ':lH]'i!''.j;ii!i;I:'i::'i  'ifell ;::  ;! :;W ������lf-> Jr  |fe J*feJ.i.*.!-\  lllljfjlllp  ;!'--'j!4iJ..'}y.!;!ii!.;'-:|-'  WMmi^  iiii!  fe illftft  <;|il!vi|!:>: ipv  jSji Umm  kmmm  *l$l��iii?b.''��,/i;  |i|l4ii��iSi'.;:.:''lv-.;;  pi:  lijli  llii  Pi  ��� ��� W  pill  1  ,11  Mi  I  .ill!  )|V*!3iii|:.1>.>;..  ni  ���i\m m^'mipyyy-  IlIK  iltl  |��ilil/;^;::  : pi'!!' '.;;i.::?r' ���:���.���������������  iwitr'iifiiit.-,-.-  pi;  iiilji':!;':;, it. 'it!  ]i!tepii;!l'.jiiil!jiV  *W��a   !i'Pp::"Hi  '��:    ������)>< :  WMifc^.'-ft!^'  ^.W'-'iSpiiH-;:,;'!^:;!'  ��11s:jii:���&;B :��' ���  {'mm iliW!ip-!i I r. ��� ksn .  ��a V;f: ��� if  jMMpr  0im iS"--iiis. h pp<;  te^r;s:.'#.1 ;>,;l--p iM,..'i-p  ^Mlvifi!!! I.:ir-lFi  ���������  Hi  Mf.  ��M*;  IP  .JSwr^  THE  rib    Mh mmwmmwa  EETWEEN SEATTLE, ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS  AND POINTS IN THE EAST  VIA THE  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  (.  THE    COMFORTABLE    WAY  Leaves  \^9  Limited  Leaving  VANCOUVER  Daily  8 p�� m.  for  St. Paul,  Minneapolis,  Duluth  and  Points East!  *-"3r;  dP  %$&i  * ���+,<  ^  New Dining Cars (Meals a la carte.)  New Palace Sleeping Cars.  Through Tourist Sleeping Cars.  Comfortable Roomy Day Coaches.  For further information, rates, berth reservations, call on  M. M. STEPHENS, Agent,  PHOENIX, B.C.  or S   G. YERKES, A. G. P, A.  SEATTLE, Wash.  (HSS&lliSSW^^  ^mmmsmmmmi^^^^mM  r.'Hj;  '����  M  'rt��A  p��"4 ��� PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL  5*  [.-.  ;���'<  All the Snowshoe ores carry gold  and copper, the copper either sprinkled  freely throughout, or more generally  disseminated in fine particles. The  ores vary in character, the ganc;ue being sometimes silicious, sometimes  calcarous, while again it is magnetic'or  specular hematite! In parts of the  property the several varieties occur in  pressor, with accessories, were supplied  by the Jenckes Machine Co., of Sher-  brooke, Que., in addition to electric  hoist and 150 horse power boiler heretofore mentioned.  In addition to the excellent equipment of machinery for the Snowshoe,  the management provided good boarding and bunk houses for the employees,  SNOWSHOE  ELLCTKIC   HOIST.  quite distinct   bodies  and  in   others    as well  as  residences for the superin-  they are mixed. tendent and foremen. With the C.P.R.  Development work during 1903 in- running across the property, aiready  eluded about 700 lineal feet of driving/ having built three sidetracks on the  crosscutting and raising and ihe sink- Snow-hoe ground, and the survey for  ing of the main three-compartment a spur of the Great Northern to lJhoe-  incline shaft another 50 feet, making nix doing the same, the Snowshoe is  ils depth 350 feet. The development in the best of positions as far as  work is now 7,010 lineal feet. A considerable amount  of surface stripping was done during that year also, and  stupes were opened up and timbered on the different  levels. In 1903 ore was extracted to ihe extent ol over  70,000 tons from what is known as the Tunnel or No. 1  level, the 200-foot and 300-foot le\els, and from several  ore quarries opened from the surface. The mine is now  in excellent condition, with numerous ore faces accessible, workings conveniently arranged, power equipnii nt  adequate, and ore bins and trackage provided, so that'a  daily output of 500 tons can readily be maintained.  From 60 to 106 men were;'regularly-employed at the  mine.  The improvements and additions to'-machinery, plant  and buildings during 1903 included the completion-of  ore bins with a capacity of 2,500 tons, building of head  frame ai:d skipways, and live installation of a 150 horse  power double conical drum electric hoist with motor .'to  operate ii, and another steam boiler, 150 horse pov<-iy  hi,i;h-pressure���-then the largest hoist in'', the Boundary.  Tlie hoist Was operated by electricity, the cm rent having  been supplied by ihe Cascade Water, Tower and Li-bt  Co., which also supplies the Granby company's mines.  The; power plant of the mine included two air-compressors, hoisting engine, an auxiliary hoist, etc. In  1903, the first half of a Rand  Corliss 30-drill air-com-  transportation facilities are. concerned.  On the 16th of December, 1903,  operations at the Snowshoe were suspended, pending the completion- of  details of an amalgamation plan with  the British Columbia Copper Co., Ltd ,  owning and operating the Mother Lode  mine and smelter, the Snowshoe having heretofore been shipping to customs  smelters, which did not prbve to be  satisfactory to the management.  It was confidently expected that  this consolidation would be made effective, but in February, 1904, the  announcement was made that the  directors of the two companies had  not, after 2II, agreed upon a basts ot  amalgamation.  When the Snowshoe mine was closed  in December, 1903, the announcement  was made that it would resume operations and ore shipments when it owned  a smelter of its own or haa an interest  in some reduction works. Like the  great majority of ore bodies in the  mines of the Boundary, the values in  the Snowshoe mine are low, and not  high enough to pay a'profit to a  smelter not owned by the company  itself.  The proposition is nothing less than  the consolidation of the LeRoi, Centre  Star and War Eagle, the most prominent mines in Rossland camp, with the  Snowshoe. During the fall of 1904,  Prof. R. W. Brock, of the Dominion  geological survey, and a piofessor at  the Kingston Royal School of Mines,  spent a month with a dozen assistants  in an exhaustive examination of the  Snowshoe mine, and the matter of  consolidation is now receiving attention.  ������*��� > v    *        *   * 1      ���*"-$ \      $ 1 �� ��     J^ "��   * ^  ORIGINAL SNOWSHOB CABIN.  # PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARYmNI^U^AL.  jfitfiUaMJW*'-*"  anadian TairbanKs  \%mmm,...  'lit iiM'-.iiii.Jf,   '-!'      '  MI0BB  VANCOUVER, B.C.  ::y .y^f:"' ���:  MONTREAL  TORONTO  WINNIPEG  If  ill!  1111  M\Ml\iJy., . .  0myjm  SOLE   AGENTS IN   CANADA   FOR  m  'Ml:  m  "I  m  W  ill Ml  im  11  iiiiii  IS ill-  3ilii|il|b'  ipi  MS!  m  w  im  :1  SSI!  I!  Ji  i!|:'���'',';  i-itefe*  W'', >.���,.,.-  $���&'���*  ipiit^  ���.'���it l.l'l'.-. iJf -���. .���; - ���  FAIRBANKS, MORSE c> O..  NILES   BEMENT   POND  MACHINE CO.  AMERICAN   SAW  MILL  MACHINERY CO.  CANADIAN BUFFALO  FORGE CO.  CLIMAX ENGINE CO.  RELIANCE   MACHINE  "1UUJL,   CI/.  E. M. DART   MANUFAC  TURING   CO.  PRATT &  WHITNEY CO.  AMERICAN TOOL WORKS  SA. WOODS MACHINERY  CO.  AMERICAN WOOD WORK-  . ING MA CHINER Y CO.  HO USTON, STANWOOD&  GAMBLE CO.  BIGNALL, KEEPER PIPE  MACHINE CO.  E.  W. BLISS CO.  J.J. McCABE  AMERICAN STEAM  GA UGE cV VAL VE CO.  Ill  'Mill  Fairbanks St;  s  i  ies/ true  sir*  V  Ives  .Ji!  'is.VV!  ]il|j|||.f';|iffi��|:p;.'.  illlilil-  ��� o.i HiV'i l;p bite-  1 !>] lli,::^;!:!;; i'-  LARGEST MACHINERY SUPPLY HOUSE IN CANADA  jixj^.j?:  SlJa'iii'i-'','^' :��j���!������(!-'  Bl||||;  ;s1IS:|ip-  isSSW^'i'K  6^  >$ ��i=s=3     Office 6��  Warehouse:  101   WATER STREET  (Corner Eaker)  Machinery Warehouse:  POWELL STREET  VANCOUVER  B.C  S&SZ5H5HSHSHSH5HS1525H5E^^  II  ;1;:l!  iifc^^  BK&*B��!��w*'^^ if  w  EG PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  53  m  i  "CM*  m  m  zw  ������*  Sir Thomas G. Shaughnessy.  MILE James J. Hill was  horn in Canada, Sir Thomas  G. Shaughnessy, the president of the C.P.R., is a  native-born American, having first seen the light c?f day at the  city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1853.  At the age of sixteen Mr. Shaughnessy entered the service of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway.  Ten years later he had worked himself  up to the position ol general storekeeper of that great line, continuing as  such for three years.  In 1882 .Mr. Shaughnessy was attracted to the Dominion of Canada  and its boundle' s resources, to devel-  ope which the C P R. was then preparing. He accepted a position with  Canada's great railway as general purchasing agent, and in a short three  years was made assistant to the-general  manager of the entire system. In  1891 he was appointed assistant to the  president, in 1897 he became vice-  president, and in 1898, when Sir  William Van Home retired as president, Mr. Shaughnessy was made  president of the company. On the  visit of-the Duke and Duchess of  Cornwall to' Canada last year, he was  knighted.  Mr. Shaughnessy has been in the  railway business all his life, and the  splendid condition as a revenue producer of Canada's ocean-to ocean highway is largely due to Mr. Shaughnessy.  Expansion in railway building in the  tar west is the order of the day, and  the C.P.R, is doing its share of new  work.- ���:���  TWO   RAILWAY   KINGS  Who have spent Millions to give tlie Boundary Country adequate Transportation Facilities.  Boundary Tonnage the Goal.,  'N no part of the Northwest has the  competition by two great railways  for  tonnage  been keener than in  the Boundary���especially for the  last two or three years. In 18989  the C.P.R. constructed its Columbia &  Western branch from the Columbia  river into the Boundary country at a  cost of some $5,000,000 for the 125  miles.  For a few years the C.P.R. had the  tonnage of this count! v to itself; What  this amounted to may be seen in part  when it is recalled that in about five  years nearly 3,500,000 tons of ore  have been produced here, all of which  had to be hauled to the smelters, not  counting the bullion and coke or coal  tonnage. Then there were large revenues from general freight, express,  passenger service and telegraph, nearly  all going into the coffets of the C.P.R.  For several years the Granby Consolidated alone paid to the C P.R. an  average of more than $1,000 per day  for freight charges.  So it is evident that the Boundary  was a profitable field for the C.P.R.,  and Mr. Hill, with his lines penetrating the Kootenays at different points,  was sure to throw a bianch into the  Boundary from Marcus, Wash., when  the time was ripe. About three years  ago it seemed propitious, and the line  was built some 43 miles to Grand  Forks, and thence 35 miles further  south to Republic, Wash.  In May, 1904,-,-announcement was  made that the Great Northern president would build 23 miles from Grand  Forks to Phoenix, and do it at once.  Of a sudden, contractors swarmed in  with some 1,500 laborers, and although  the engineers did not think it could be  done, the rails were laid into Phoenix  that winter, and in February last the  Gre.it Northern began hauling ore  from this camp.  This, however, was but a part of  Mr. Hill's plans. The V., V. & E.  railway, as his lines in the Boundary  are known,, were to be extended right  through to Vancouver on the Pacific  coast, and this last year construction  on another link of this line was started,  about 150 miles, which will bring the  railway next year into the heart of the  Similkameen district. In two or three  years the Boundary will have direct  connection with the coast by this new  line.  James J. Hill.  JAMES J. HILL was born of hardy  Scoto-Irish ancestry near Guelph,  Wellington county, Ontario, September 16th, 1838, and is now  in his sixty-eighth year. At  fifteen he left home to make his way  in what was then the west���St. Paul  and Minneapolis���and has since made  his home there. After experience as  shipping clerk and in other positions  on a steamboat line, he became agent  . of the Pacific & St. Paul railway, with  some miles of rusty track and $33,000,  000 of indebtedness. He gradually  worked himself up in the railway world,  each step showing the genius of the  man for system and organization, till  he became president of the .Great Northern railway, certainly one of the  most extensive systems in the United  States, paying large 'profits to the  owners, and in many ways setting  an example that is followed by other  lines.  Preaching the doctrine of low grades,  heavy power, large capacity cars and  heavy trainloads when these things  seemed visionary to others, Mr. Hill's  lines have created business wherever  they have penetrated. He is ever  seeking to haul a bigger tonnage at  lower rates than competitors and yet  leave a profit for himself. He is a  remarkable man in many ways, and  the west feels his impress, and will  feel it for decades to come. iBpa����app*wa����-��"-  BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  ."ig ;  ii'.'ii. ���  '-ft'ir  : i'1 it ��� .  l��fr!l '-  ���''I'iM1.  ji : if:  .i,',i;  1  i.jp  " 1  .'.���i'i:<, ���  i| l"i" :  ,r  I!'   ��� ���  I ill, I'I'  iMf-  i,  !1 lil t    '  if  'i;'y'iiiiii.fi'  ������fS5s$i  ..'if'pp;1^';.;  :5viiilii:iri;i;l.  |iP'-l;:ill  ;ii:i:'ipJai;3aiti5JL  3f>  <U en  .c c  +* o  S >  w  <V  o  c  cj  Si  C  w  C  ��  fcfl  &  w  a  .8  p,  bO  C  , 0>  JO  V  o>  c  c  '5  o  .o  a$  ��� ���������%  y  a)  i/i  >  ��-.  tJD  C  a>  O  T3  O  ^  O  *�����  >  u  <���<  c  4)  0)  c  }->  3  o  0  'd  e  4.  rt  J^  4-1  t/J  o  ���J  4-1  c  fe  0)  4-1  3  0  S'  JO.      <0    ~  ^      C     d  O  73  C  O  to ^  <u    5?  5f    c  a  ^  4J  r   ,  ��s  o  toJD  C  vO  a)  c  d  C  3  O  ��J  o  r���*  ^3  ,n  Cfl  3  Pw  a  o  O  o  i/5  PQ  VuJ  >  C/!  ���'eS  ^  W-  >-  0)  >  o  P��4  13  C/3  ���X3  o  4-��  C  O  ��  ��J  0/  O  #  Ui ___  N  c  3  O  PQ  <L)  ^3  s.-g  O  O  .3      4)  "d  u.  C  u  4)  c   c   t:  .Oi  s  c  o  t3  C  O  C  O  ^-      -*->      <y '  -a  4->  o  G  JO  T3     O    ����  IT)  ���-      s  >  aJ  C  3  O  S3  3  O  -.'^V  ".*��� ^fii  ...'.v-X  '.��  t-%a  fm*^w'*��'w^Trr^^��".��T^n,T^;^^u^cT?!rr^  Kwswiss;??��!! PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL;  55  Sr#'  Jfii  aa  E&  St! If  Boundary's Copper Foundry.  In these rock-ribbed hills of Boundary  There's almost a copper foundry, ,    ,  And it's worth your^while to take a closer look.  For we've copper ore by acres,  But no room here for fakirs,  As we're busy "making good" by hook or crook.  -   So we'll tell our little story,  Even though there's naught of glory,  In this old, prosaic searching for the "stuff."  We are setting an example,  That the world can see is ample  To show that we"have diamonds in the rough.  In the nineties of the first part  Our prospectors made a good start;"  And they found some gold and silver in our hills.  But without some transportation,  And with little information  They could hardly pay their grub and powder bills.  So the Boundary had a rest,  For a few years at the best,  Till the iron horse should hither wend its way.  Then it took a sudden leap  To a place that it could keep,  And has kept it, safe and sound, until this day.  When our copper lodes were found  By the delvers. in the ground,  It was learned that they were very low in grade.  Yet the ledges were immense,  So, with coin and much hard.sense,  Costs were gotten where some money could be made.  Five or ten years thus were spent,.  While some millions also went  Just to prove that Boundary's mining zones would pay;  And today three thousand tons  Is the average of the runs  Taken out oy two great railways every day.  Which are these mines, you ask,  That are worthy of this task ?  The answer is now known from sea to sea.  First of- all's the giant Granby.  And there's naught that's namby-pamby  In the daily tale of tonnage all can see.  Then comes the Mother Lode,  Which is on the same high road,  With a goodly dozen others great and small.  Then the Brooklyn and Rawhide  Are looked upon with pride,  And many that are far from least of all.  There's one thing we'ddike to say:  If it ever comes your way,  Do not fail to take a look at Boundary mines,  In the future they'll be famous,  And none but an ignoramus  Will wish to be in darkness on these lines.  Take advantage of the chance,  Don't look at them askance.  But see them when you can on every hand.  Dividends will soon be coming,  And the monied men a-running,  And then the shares will soar to "beat the band.  Altitudes in British Columbia.  f   .      ���   ��� *  The following table of elevations of cities,  towns, mints, lakes, ttc , in this province i9 compiled from a Dictionary of Altitudes of Canafca  rectjiv.'d by the" Phoenix Pioneer from the Department ul the Interior at Ottawa :  Feet  Arrowhead. ���  1,4r3  Arrow Lake.  1,384  Ashcroft  1,004  Atlin Lake  2,200  Bonnington Falls  1,658)  Cascade.   .:...   .......... 1,587  Castlegar^ , :.... 1,418  Christina Lake . ., -.. 1,531  Coryell  3,135  Cranbrook  3,014  Crow's Nest Pass  4,4^.9  Eholt  3,096  Farron...  3,985  Fernje' .... 3,303  Field  4,062  Fife  1,972  Fisherman ���  2,241 t  Gl.xier  . . 4,093  Golden   2,580  Grand Forks  1,746  Greenwood  2,464  Hartford Junction  4,300  kamloops  1,160  Kaslo  1,750  Keremeos  1,390  Kootenay Lake  1,735  Lardeau  2,400  Lillooet  840  Lytton  695  McGuigan '.'. 3,515  Midway  1,913  Mother Lode Mine  .. 3,450  Moyie  3,046  Naksup  r,4!3  Nelson  1,769  New Denver  1,800  Nicola Lake   2,127  Okanagan Lake  i,*35  Omenica Lake  4,IO��  Oro Denoro Mine  3,4����  Osoyoos Lake  946  Phoenix     4,625  Princeton  ^885  Quesnelle Lake  2,250  Revelstoke  i,5��3  Robson  r,4x4  Rogers Pass. . . . ........ .. .'.-4,309.  Rossland .......... .. . . . .. . 3,471  Sandon ...... ... . ........ 3>5*6  Slocan Junction  1,637  Slocan Lake . . . ,. . .... . ... . 1,761  Smelter Junction,....   ...... 1,565  Spences Bridge ............. 776  Teslin Lake.. . .- 2,600  Trail  .'.. ....     1,364  Trout Lake . .. . "... . . 2,400  Windermere Lake . .  2,700  Vancouver  -i !���������  Vernon ....''  ��� ��� 1>2$5-  Victoria  57  Wardner .   ..   2,484  Vale.  223  * nut ,��o��.����������.��������������� �����������������.��. *s 3y�� J��.���<  T'j  1  l! >  i'-'l  "'I'I  r:i  1 'p.;  * i <  '.'���i  ���'I,-,  )���"  it .Hi'  Il ll'  ,���!*���  I  f  [ 1  i  t*, 11 ��� ^,,  , 'p   1 !    ?r  lllft'l  p. !������ '������  p'-!r.   u  i  ' >,M< < . ���   '  M^Mli,','1:'  "i,1!  r.(ii  M'l'l  111',!  ill'-lF  lj!!fl'  Ijl-l!!'  lil   'IV  ill  ififc! i'v  \\KJ.\  ;d  "  'ii'i!'1' li  . ii  !' ���  ..'���i'.v.  It!  !  p.>;'i' r>:'  i " i j,     .    ,  . ,p     p l   '   i, .'  |p " 'i '.  I. ., i j n-|.    ., -  '!.,.   'I   l'|''l     I  '  '���  I'1''.,!'   (',  k'.ii'    .'ji.'  C'h-, I'���  ! Hi ii     ii    ,    '      i  ,!'" i ���'. ��� >'  lil!:!'h:i-;!i  i ������/;,' ::i :i    .--  I, ��;,!'  !i(  '   n'l"      ���   '  pf: iii tw  Mi������;"���!' nip i-   lip-'p-lii-i  ifi,  ,ii- f - - i 1 - : '���  uBiffflPi'.-  Pi-Pii j|!:):;'^liiir  flip: li^ifp   '"��$-.  mm  PHOENIX  PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  BRITISH COLUMBIA  THE MINERAL PROVINCE OF CANADA.  Gold, Silver, Lead, Coal, Coke, ^^iIL^ur^ PIatin��m> ��������  THE MINeTot^^^ HAVE  PRODUCED OVER  $226,000,000.  ~^^^ Products for 1902, i9<>3 and 1904.  Gold, placer ���  Gold, lode   Silver   Copper    Lead   Coal   Coke   Other materials  Customary  Measure.  Ounces.  <(  Pounds  Tons, 2,240 lbs.,  1992.  19C3.   .  Quantity.  53,647  236,491  3,917,917  29.636,057  22,536,381  1 397,^94  128,015  Value.  $1,073,140  4,888,269  1,941,328  3,44.6.673  824,832  4,192,182  640,075  480,051  $17,486,550  Quantity.  53.021  .232.831  2,996.204  '34 359921  16,089,283  1,168,194  165,543  Value.  $1,060,420  4,812,616  1,521,472  4,547,535  689,744  3,504.582  827,715  A31,870  $17,495,954  1904.  Quantity.  55,765  222,042  3,222,481  35,710,128  36,646,244  1,V53,628  334,102  Value.  $1,115,300  4,589,608  1,719,516  4,578,037  1,421,874  3,760,884  1,192.140  600,000  $13,977,359  GOLD���Placer gold mining, which in early days .formed  the chief mineral industry of the province, and made it  famous all the world over, still continues to be important,  while improved methods of working the gravel deposits,  together, with cheaper transportation and cost of mining,  have rendered the working of large deposits, long known to  exist, now profitable where previously impossible.  The area of country known to contain placer gold is enormous and has. only been touched, leaving still virgin grouud  well worth the prospecting for this, the only class of " poor  man's mine."  Recent discoveries in the placer fields of the Atlin district,  and the large extent of unworked deposits in the Cariboo  district, are proof that the field is not yet exhausted, and  promise a revival of this important industry.  HYDRAULIC MINING plants costing large amounts of  , money are being installed in Atlin, Cassiar, Omenica and  Cariboo, at points widely separated, indicating the extent of  the gold deposits.   One company recovered $350,000 in gold  during 1900.  Of the total output of 1904, 532,426 tons of coal and 1<  tons of coke were exported  to the United States.    1  V  DREDGING FOR GOLD is receiving deserved attention,  and dfedges are at work on the Fraser, Thompson, Quepnel  and other rivers, on all of which streams good gionnd may  yet be obtained. *  COPPER GOLD ORES are being extensively worked at  Rossland by the LeRoi, War Eagle and associated companies,  while other mines in the camp are rapidly becoming important producers. The tonnage of this camp alone in 1904 was  312,991 tons, and there will be an increase this year.  SILVER-LEAD���In 1900 the silver production was $2,309,-  -200..and.the.lead production $2,691,887. Since that time the  mining of silver-lead ores has been somewhat suspended  owing to temporarily unfavorable market prices.  "COPPER is being produced to a limited extent at Ross-  landjWhere the chief value of the ore is in gold, but the  feature of this branch of the industry is the development and  mining of a large tonnage oriow-grade ores in the Boundary  district, of which there seems to be an almost unlimited  amount. The output of ore from this district alone amounted  to-801,926 tons ia 1904, valued at $4,i90,281.  The product of the Coast district in copper in 1904 wag  valued at $764,148, and will this coming year show a "v'erv  considerable copper production from the Vancouver Island  and Britannia copper mines,  Capital can now find here many excellent opj  If  proper business care is used" andTthe experience of competent  men utilized, these investments shoujd be safe as wen .  profitable.  MINERAL LANDS-Mineral lands are open to location jo  any person over 18 years of age,  who has obtained a  miner's certificate, and perfect title to  lode claims cai  easily secured after $500 worth of work has been done ^  claim.   A great extent of territory has yet to be prospecteu.  For information, report?, bulletins, etc ,  Hon. the K&nisteir of Mines,  VICTORIA,������B.C��  free  ���in be  Provincial Mineralogist,  VICTORIA, B.C  tta  Prospecting for copper is receiving great attention, and, the  discoveries made 011 the Coast, in tlie Similkameen Valley,  etc., give great promise. J  IRON-With the great probability of an iron-smelting  plant on the Northern Pacific Coast in the near future, what  promises to be extensive bodies of magnetic iron ore nave  been developed on the Coast, while other deposits of iron ore  are now under development in the Goat liiver and roit  Steele mining divisions, and *till other bodies occur near  Kamloops.  COAL AND COKE���In 1904- the Vancouver Island cnl-  leriea made a net output of 784 169 tons of coal anil l-,J-*  tons of coke.  In 1904 the Crow's Nest collieries made a net output of  287,168 tons of coal, aud 216.694 tons of coke. These mines  alone are putting out from 2,000 to 3,000 tons of coal per  diem. ' ���  100,281  he remainder was consumed in .local smelters and other industries.  SMELTERS-In the province there are smelters inactive      K|  operation at Trail. Nelson, Grand Forks, Greenwood, Bouna-  ary Falls, Ladysinith and Crofton; while this past year mw  seen one erected at East Kootenay.  CAPITAL  portui.ities for investment, as the value placed on mines  undeveloped properties  has reached a reasonable basis  ~..~~���-u.-,.:   ���    .        *        1 .1 *_   ��� �� n.( nr��mn<  *  mm' T*5  te^;  WS3  ;Mg  ��  fc&  a?  a  .*  .'.V  sfci  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  57  Back of the  *-  Work You Do  i  t  Befit the Country  Produces in PISH,  FLESH and  FOWL  t  SOLD  B^  7  X  9  IN THEIR MARKETS AT  *emwoodf Gttmd -Forks* Phoenix, Midw&y  AND OTHER POINTS IN  BRITISH COMUMBIA, ALBERTA  AND THE YUKON.  ������^apwraaw^ atttaiHtawftwa-"*-"  ' ��� 'til    -  ..i'P;';  !i ���: l' r-;p   ;���'��� < ���;  ;;-���!:';������  ���ii ];i^!i^^;5r^:;p;-";:  ^1-!p^l^.:Ji-iffi'!:ip>;i;-  mmmkm  !���;��� it!'!..-<i  ���:j;|jff}'.  11  ���i'li-lf:  WW  ,.��j���. .,.  'i'j'..':;!!,-:  IMljii'*!:!'  ili^i.!]!!:!!];.  ii if  ��wmm  mmmimm^  |j;.i";in',H.|  iiyfiiili  jy|]i!i||,!  dill 11;!'  m  m.  i  P  1!  Mit!.i  mm.  illiiili  ��  ^i-  i ;ii  lili  IS  ���ii'-iiiiinf  ;'!iH!i  Iff  ���ji$  i;lli  \m  !p?Mr;  Pf  5 Hi  i !,.'   jipHJlf;��� !jv,;!!  B$    SvMi* S:^! i-'t:  fillt'lttf  ���Illllill  ;|ii!li-B;?ii  '���������riptir'-;'lii '������!;  m  mmnwi  PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY! MINING/jOimNAfc.  THR0K.il  THE  CANADIAN ROCKIES  tp^ap^eJ*  BANFF, Sftc Beautiful  tAGfiilN, IC RCSIIU  r9  sup  E. J.COYLE,  A.G.P.A., VANCOUVER, B.C.  THE GREAT GLACIER, GLACIER, B.C.  J. S. CARTER,  D.P.A., NELSON, B.C.  ���^ff.gy��rm^��:t&t^flffife^]  raWscra��^��fc^��4l^t��!ic3p  ��.^.^^T����sffi'ni!^:SSSa aiafogs sent on-iequest  fy��*T  (iV  vasfcouver, kenora, halifax, rossland;  Toronto;'st. john's, nm. ..���'.  Gene^f Es^S Offkk SOVEREIGN BANK BUILDING, MONTREAL, Que.  -v f > it  if ^    ' ,' v  >*���,  \\       %  >   *-S*  ��J-  -^ ~\ Canad  ��  sww-v* ht  ^^'a^j.WL:r  farrel Bacon Stvle <B" Ore Crusher  Built for the Granby Con. M., S and P. Co.  Receiving opening 42 in. by 30 in.  Capacity 1,400 tons to 8 in. cube every 10 hours.  Shipping weight 120,000 lbs.     Special car required.  Weight of heaviest piece 75,000 lbs. :  Two already furnished to the Granby Co.  The third is now building.  WRITE FOR  NEW CATALOG F-602.  LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE  AND  WORKS:  HBRBROOKE  :rk /  HOLIDAY-MIDWINTER NUMBER  wtiecr  tj> % S.   A MIV  I 2    FEB 7-1805     ~j AND  X...  TORIA,    ���.:���* Devoted to the Interests of the Boundary Mining District  Sixth Year.  MINING JOURNAL  PHOENIX,   BRITtSH COLUMBIA, JANUARY,  1905.  �� ^r^'-'->'^'^.~��-^'C\  FEB 7-1905 ���'��)}  '*s^V��<  ! Price 25 Cents.  te  &  MONTREAL & BOSTON  SMELTING PLANT,  BOUNDARY FALLS, B C.  Capacity, 750 tons daily.  ig^^^^gmm��^xmB^mmmmm^mmm8m^mmmmamami^&mm  mms$��&S!zmss^mmimsmm88mEmmmmmmm��m��!smsm&  %mmmemmm��s^m  i -ffii-' '^.H'AfevJiTiU'.iyV1!;.^^^^  ���-T^T'-wrraBrrT'TTrwTrrn'^srK  TcT-^���S?^r^^^  :W*;��i! ,i'(,1t��T?-1TT��T!!7i:  i  i  m  i  ft  m q��B2iSKSs?��W��Tgarfi  IW*  m.%7?lf  =v\  ft-  ^y*.  TiV  '       I    /  Z      >  -i^  ^���^^a****^^  .*��  "r  ,j> rf  .   *  5*4J  i^-i  l)k  ,     ������.-iJffltaTWStl      .  <���*  * TSf,  J  V    rf  W\���fV% ^  y-^^krj'///'  ���4/  in  !: Mil  ��->���  frs  %  W id 5  i  M  M  f    i  $?  ^V't  i,r   j>  o  #  i*  i^  fill MM ���>^*\i "      ���     ?��    '^'^WM^lSHFil^  ^l! \  t ��  ���^rtA��  L��tt|  ikl  fe^*  KfeWS  ��\1  Mfa  r^Va  :?#i$$V  -ii  They  \m  n^rT^^vv^-k^' ^aj^.^ *? *W4 ^g**wy &-m��*m*  ���* ���'.#  V  &i  $  ea^i  v*  "TV  ���h  (  VM  ^os��  r-filA,  ��ji*.* a i?i^  ami\  Wm4$i l^r rW# ^rl*  %HardTOre^  V  **$���*!  It*<j!  1^1  ^rai  ! .  *  :A     S ("  iW^l  ���s, all sizes.  mmmaSL  ^jMORTdlfS B.G. DRILL STEEL !��* ^w;a^ ^ Wiy ev^  |  1  ' 4.  large Mine and Smelter m B.C.   j,  ;J?    4 i^���YiQtqria, B.C.  1< \,r-  <��� /   P'T'        --   Y   '   '  " ' vi   "     '    I   i'n    "in i       ��� y       '  '? t, 7  ^^. pp^ir    ^        *    V>J  %\  '*  rf-t     l (J    ��>��� ������ '"���Si-"���*l-r  > I  ^ -t?^  * 1     t *  ^     i  pl-1 L  It  ��^^^/i^<?~GEO. t>. WOOD & CO. '  VA&CQVVE&-^WOQb, VALLANCE" & LEGGAT, LTD.  f ' If  TO��OJVT0~~94r BAY STREET.  Leibet's Code.  V*��*-*iw* V��*( t, MiH. 3&f  ���-���?* r      ^  %^ -y^ t \> i ", Viri    l,f    <.  ����� I *>  gmMmmmniaTgaji.iai^ man  HOUDAYMIDWfNTER NUMBER  carat 3  <!���  AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL  Devoted to the Interests of  the Boundary Mining:-District, Southeastern British Columbia.  THE  EARLY HISTORY OF THE BOUNDARY  THE history of a great mining, ally unknown, as far as its  resources  camp is  always of more or were  concerned.     It  was 70 or 80  less interest, whether it refers miles from the nearest railway, at Mar-  -     >    to  the  productive and  well cus, Washington, and was little thought  known mines themselves w to the com- of or heard of.    Still, a few hardy pro-  first man to come into what is now  known as the Boundary Mining District of Southeastern British Columbia,  was Charles Deitz, who arrived in this  section  in the year 1857.    Mr. Deitz  By this time the pioneer prospectors  were beginning. to cross over the, valley to where the city of Phoenix now  stands, and Matthew Hotter located  the Old Ironsides in July, 1891, and  munity.that has  been  built up as a    spectors were in here in the late eighties is still a resident of the Boundary, now Henry White located the Knob Hill ,  consequence of the existence, develop-    and early nineties, and some of them living in a comfortable old age on his about the same time.    James Atwood  ment  and profitableness,  present  or    found   high-grade   claims   that   were ranch   a   few    miles  from   Midway, and,   James    Schofield    located   the  future, of those mines.   It is, therefore,    worked with some profit, notvvithstand- Old "Jolly Jack" Thornton was sup- Stemwinder   and G. W.   Rumberger  probable that  Phoenix camp, on ac-    mg the long mule and wagon haul to posed to be the second man to reach and. Joe Taylor located the Brooklyn,  count of having been so far'one of the .'��� the railway.    The drop in silver, how- this now well known" mining region  most successful camps in British Col-    ever, gave them  all a setback  from  VIEW   Of   IIIUKMX   UKKOiiK   IIVI.N   A   W.U.nS   1JO.VI)   HAD   ISiiliS   HUII.T-  L-'ALLliD   GltKENWOOD   CAMP  -THEN  umbia, with every prospect of a steady    which they never recovered till within  growth for years, to-come, will hold its  own in interest,'not only of the past  but of the future. However, it is of  what has gone before with which we  now have to deal.  Up to the year 1890 there was slight  knowledge  of the   mining   riches  of  the last three or four years. The Skylark and Providence were among  these.  Prospectors had tramped over the  thickly wooded hills where the city of  Phoenix now stands, and had seen the  mammoth iron ledges that gave small  Kootenay-Boundary.    Many years be-    values in copper and less in gold and  fore that the Blue Bell mine'on Kootenay lake, had been known and  worked in.a primitive way, the Indians  using the almost pure lead from which  to mould bullets.    But with the build-  silver, and they thought little of them.  Many \vere allowed to lapse, while  still others were relocated, the operation being repeated if necessary. P'ew  were fond of doincr assessments when  ing of the railway line from Spokane provisions had to be packed from 50  to Kootenay lake at Nelson in 1892, to 80 miles. It was expensive and  the tide of prospectors began to flow    disheartening, especially as  there  was  in. Then followed the rich silver-lead  discoveries of the Slocan district, and  the temporary growth of a number of  places in that locality. Before this,  the silver-lead mines around Ainsworth.  had been worked also, to some extent,  as they are now.  so little chance of securing that great  need of all new countries���or old  countries either, for that matter���a  railway.  Many of the old time prospectors  who stayed with this camp in those  tiresome days, have done well, but no  In 1893 silver was demonetized  in one will grudge them with what they  the;  United States,  and  immediately have come by, as it was undoubtedly  dropped in price, so thac many silver well earned---every dollar of it. Others  miners lost interest in  looking  for or let go���dropped everything���and went  digging out the white  metal.    Follow- to  other  districts, only to wish later  ing that, attention was paid to the gold that they had stayed with the Bound-  ahd copper mines of Rossland,which,ary.    But  when   the  C.P.R. actually  likeall the other camps/had its season  of great -prosperity, to be followed by  a shrinkage, and that in turn by legitimate, systematic mining���especially in  camps that had the worth to Back  them.  All these years what is now known  as the Boundary country was practic-  beran the construction of its Colum-  bian & Western line into the Boundary  ���chiefly to reach the immense tonnage of the mines of Phoenix���then  there was a decided change. But this  will'be-referred to later.  According to the genera] understanding of the oldest of the old settlers, the  As early as 1862 Boundary creek was  worked for placer gold, and there was  a small settlement south of the, international boundary line, near where the  town of Midway is now located.  Robert , Densler located the North  Star, allowed it tp lapse, and it was relocated, as^ the present Jdaljo by _G._  W. Rumberger. Densler also located  the War Eagle and Snowshoe. Joe  Taylor and G. W. Rumberger located  In the year 1884 the  first mineral    the ground that is now the Rawhide  claims were staked in Southern British    and . Monarch; and allowed  them to  Columbia.    These were the Eagle, on     iapse,   when   Densler   relocated   the  Hardy Mountain,   by James  McCon-    Rawhide,  and   Keightly,   Humphrey ,  nell, and the Victoria and Washington,     and Lind staked the Monarch.   Other  afterwards  Old   England,   on   Rock'    locations in this camp followed in rapid  creek, a few miles above Kettle river,    succession.     Atwood   and   Schofield  W. T. Smith and John-East came to    also discovered  what  is now Summit  the Boundary district in 1887, and Jo-    camp, and made locations.    The rich  cated  the  Rocky Bar claim, now the    Providence, which is now paying divi-  Tunnel, on Boundary creek, near  the    dends, was located in 1892 by William  falls.    In the same year  they also lo-  ��� Dickman.  About this time Howard C. Walters,  an energetic mining man from Spokane, came into the Boundary and ���  acquired a number of high-grade  claims, as no others would then pay to  .work, with the nearest railway 75 miles  away, and no wagon roads or trails in  the country. However, Mr. Walters,  who had organized a company known  cated the Nonsuch, in Smith's camp.  In the same year, 1887, the Bruce  claim, on Ingram mountain, near Midway, was also located hy East.  Three prospectors, George and  David Leyson, and George Y. Bowei-  man, located the Big Copper, in what  is now Copper camp. The claim was  then known as the Bluebird.    After  wards  they went  over   the   Dewdney as Spokane & Great Northern Mining  trail to Rossland, where some locations Co., finally succeeded in getting in a  were als-o  made,   and the   Boundary two stamp mill, which   was set  up at  claims  were allowed  to  lapse.    The Boundary Falls, to treat the ore of the  King Solomon, in Copper camp, was American   Boy   and   Boundary Falls  staked   by Ed.   Lefevre   and   James claims.    Mr. Walters also bought the  Lynch, and in 1888 it was acquired by . Providence, and made some shipments  D. C. Corbin, of Spokane   Falls  anfa to the Everett smelter, which notwith-  No'rthern railway fame. In 1890-91  some locations were made by James  Atwood and John Lemon near the  Buckhorn in Deadwood camp. On  the 23rd of May, 1891, William Mc-  standing the great cost of packing on  mules to the railway at Marcus, Wash.,  netted several thousands of dollars.  Silver went down, however, in 1893,  and  this discouraged the prospectors  Cormack   and    Richard    Thompson in the Boundary, and for a while this  staked the Mother Lode in Deadwood section   was   pretty   nearly  deserted,  camp, and on June 2nd of the same However, the Skylark, which was lo-  year John  Ease and William Ingram cated  in   1893  by James Atwood, is  located the Sunset and Crown Silver said to have shipped ore which netted  in the same camp. more than $30,000.  AN   EARLY  CABIN   IX   PIIOKNIX.  ���WLwmmmBM nwmpnan  srewswraBSiniimHmBBsnffflSffliffi^  mnennnnrRBvmnRvai  Lf THE PHOEmX,PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MN^GJOURNA^^  BOUNDARY'S   NEW   RAILWAY.  m^v -*~r T*~r .       tQ    _from the city  of Sr.  .    ���    r..���jn  m���nh    were emnloved  for a  long time,  iu         j t  SIX years ago, when the Canadian  Pacific   Railway Company willingly spent its millions to construct over ioo miles of new railway,  through its Columbia & Western charter, to reach Phoenix and the Boundary, it was a notable piece of work.  But the great Canadian corporation  had practically all the tonnage here to  come for, the great objective point, of  course, being the then growing-famous  mines of Phoenix.   Its officials knew  that the tonnage to be developed would  be tremendous���but even at that, they  did not realize in full the potentialities,  in a revenue producing way, of the  Boundary.    When, however, one mining company, operating at  Phoenix,  another con.rac.or in Canada, much    were employed for a^ long ttme, <��  facilitate matters���night and day.   ah  less in the United  States, who could  have handled the labor situation in the  successful manner in which Mr. Stewart has handled it, especially as regards  the alien  labor and union questions.  It is quite apparent to anyone that, as  long as  Mr. Hill, with his extensions  in British Columbia, sees fit to award  his  contracts   to such  men  as   Mr.  Stewart, the likelihood of complications will be reduced to the minimum  la-  from the city of Spokane, in the  neighboring state of Washington.  SOMETHING   OF J. W. STEWART.  John W. Stewart, who had the contract for this new railway line, was born  in Scotland 42 years ago, securing his  began to pay into its coffers a thousand that these two gentlemen have accom-  dollars or more per day for freight plished this last summer and fall, and  alone, year in and year out, the Bound- yet have it done with satisfaction gen-  ary district certainly looked very good erally.  to the head officials. When the word finally came in June  For years James J. Hill, president to proceed, it was a rush job from the  told, there were at one time 1,600  borers working on the line, there being  scarcely a mile of the grade that was  not occupied by some of them.  Tames H. Kennedy, the chief en- education in Edinburgh, and is one of  gineer of the line, with a corps of four the best known men in British Colum-  assistant engineers, had charge of the bia.    Mr. Stewart did his first work in  new   line   during  construction,   and this province as  an  engineer on-the  looked after the details of that part of construction of the Canadian  Pacific  the work.   They succeeded in securing Railway in 1882.     Later on he took  Patrick Welch" an able assistant of   a grade of not more than three per part in the construction of many pieces  Mr. Stewart, had immediate charge of    cent, and there are many long stretches of railway in the interior, including the  of one per cent and less than two per Nelson &  Fort  Shepherd,  the Red  cent.    This favorable grade will per- Mountain, the Kaslo& Slocan and the  mit of hauling heavy loads up the hill, Columbia & Western, the latter built  there being a difference  in elevation for the C.P.R. six years ago.    Atpres-  between Grand  Forks and Phoenix of ent  Mr.  Stewart  has   from   800  to  about   2,500   feet.    The   maximum  curvature is 14 per cent,  the actual construction, which it was  admitted was an evidence of wisdom  on the part of Mr. Stewart. Few men  could have produced the same results  1,000 miles of new lines under contract in Manitoba, Ontario and the  Northwest, and is probably one of the  largest contractors in the railway construction business in the Dominion.  He is a hard worker himself, and  June and July to organize the working    to reach Phoenix, as does the C.P.R.,    thoroughly understands the,business to  ROUTE OF THE  NEW  LINE.  The new line, instead of following  first day.    It required practically all of    up the North Fork of the Kettle river  forces, get camps established  and  se- follows the valley of Fourth  of July  cure the necessary laborers and sup- creek from the Kettle river valley, till  plies, but when this was done rapid jt   reaches   Summit camp,  where it  progress was  made, and  the  bulk of cr0sses the C.P.R. line.    Then it runs  the work was completed in about four Up to the headwaters of Eholt and  months���a record in railway construe- .Providence creeks, circling around the  tion rarely equalled.  point within a mile or two of Green-  the minutest detail���which accounts  for a large measure of his success.  Mr. Stewart has many friends in British Columbia, especially in this part,  where he is best known.  The contiact for the bridge building  and the track-laying on the Great Nor-  A MILLION DOLLAR  LINE.  of the Great Northern Railway, had  also been proposing to reach Phoenix  camp by building a line from his nearest point���Grand Forks���a distance of  about 25 miles, but necessitating some  . of the most expensive railway construc-  < tion in the west. Three years ago  ' surveys were run, and again they were  carefully checked over nearly two years  ago.    But it was not until 1904 that  something tangible was the result of  these -surveys. This little piece of railway, which  Mr.Hill had built his line to Grand with  spurs and   sidetracks  is  about  Forks and Republic two years before, thirty miles in length,  has cost the  and the lack of tonnage for that line is Great Northern people in round num-  supposed to have been a tender spot. bers  a cool  million dollars, or say a  winYhim, after the heavy,cost entailed, little more than $33,000 per mile.    It  However, he was learning that there , was  built for .the special purpose of  was no lack of tonnage if he reached securing a share of the tonnage of the       The route is certainly a scenic one,    used.    Porter Brothers also  secured  Phoenix, for was not the C.P.R. secur- large mining concerns of Phoenix, and    and will be enjoyed by travellers com-    the contract for building the stations,  ing that rich plum entirely?   So, in the road will undoubtedly receive its    ing into the chief mining town of the    freight sheds,  round houses, etc., on  May of 1904 it was decided to go on share of that tonnage.    Its heavy cost    Boundary.     It will also be a great ac-    this piece of road, and  at  this  time  with the work to Phoenix, and when it is due  largely to  the extensive rock    commodation  to  those  coming here    this work is now proceeding.  was so decided no time was lost. cutting   necessary   to   construct   the    from  the east, south or west, and will        Taken altogether, J. W. Stewart has  In looking for a .man  who could grade, the bulk of which was within a    give  Phoenix direct connection with    every reason to feel well satisfied with  contract for the entire  work, a man few miles of Phoenix.    In one place a    another transcontinental railway.  who was a British subject, Mr. Hill thorough cut had about 40,000 cubic        The corporate title of the company  .selected John W. Stewart, a gentleman yards of rock taken out, and in another    building the new line is the Victoria,  of many years of experience in railway a bridge' was constructed that required    Vancouver & Eastern Railway and Na-  ���construction.    It was a happy selec- about a million feet of timber���and all    vigation Co., Ltd., the charter allowing    are rarely completed' within  from six  tion for Mr. Hill and his advisors, for this is expensive work.                             it to build through to the Pacific coast,     months to  a  year  of the   time   set  it is  doubtful if the work could have But cost made no difference, for it    which it is anticipated will be done in    therefor, and in this respect it is to the  "been done so quickly and with so little had to be put through, and put through'   the near future, a start to be made in    credit  of Mr.  Stewart and  his able  friction had it been in charge of others, quickly.     In fact,   on  many  of the    1905, it is believed.    By the new line,    lieutenants    that    this   contract   has  It is also questionable whether there is heavy rock cuts  two shifts of   men    Phoenix is but 175 miles���a few hours    proved a notable exception.  wood, but at a much higher elevation, thern from Grand Forks to Phoenix,  and enters the city of Phoenix at the was let to Porter Brothers, one of the  western end���opposite end from the best known firms of its kind in the  C.P.R.   The engineers state that the Northwest.     The improved  Roberts  route or the line is an excellent one, * traclc-laymg machine was used to put  when the difficulties of reaching this down the steel, which   was imported  point are considered,  and  it would from England.    In the course of the  seem that such  is the case from the trestle and bridge building something  substantial work that has been done. like two million feet of. timbers were  the progress made with the construction of the Phoenix extension of the  Great Northern. It is only too well  known that, as a rule, railway contracts  rf.  fe?��^��waiiB(TOw^roT3^-,Tri^ "TiTX'-arS'S  )"  -"*  ^  ���"fln-T ���*-��� v-'xstfr"   -�� 1 THE PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  VI  A  f\  WORK OF RAILWAY CONTRACTORS IN PHOENIX.  PROBABLY the largest single  piece of work on the new railway to Phoenix was that at  the Phoenix end, comprising, with the sidetracks, spurs, etc.,  nearly ten miles of construction. This  work was sub-let to Burns & Jordan, a  firm of contractors that has done a  large amount of railway work in the  Boundary in the last six or seven  years. On the C.P.R.'s Columbia &  Western construction, Messrs. Burns &  Jordan had half a dozen, sub-contracts,,  during the progress of the work, and  did them all up in satisfactory shape.  Regarding the work in and around  Phoenix, however, the railway contractors did not have an easy job, for the  reason that the city streets were torn  up, in accordance writh the agreement  of the city's council with the railway  company, and much blasting had to be  done close to buildings in the city.  In.  fact, the railway line cut a wide swath  through the centre of the, corporation.  Yet, so skilfully have Burns & Jordan  done their work that there have b.een  almost no complaints at carelessness  from the blasters.     Some damage was  done, when it could not be avoided,  but  it  was  proinply repaired.     The  Pioneer itself can testify to this from  actual experience.  Beginning at a point about five miles  from Phoenix on the Great Northern  grade, Burns & Jordan':; contract ran  into Phoenix, with the sidings that  were necessary for the large share of  traffic which the railway expects to  secure from here. Several camps  were established, and men were set to  work as fast as they came in, Burns &  Jordan alone having above 600 men  at work in and around Phoenix when  the greatest number were employed.  In the course of their work they have  moved some 300,000 cubic yards of  rock alone, besides hundreds of thousands of yards of other material.  With an excellent construction outfit���one that was up-to-date in every  respect���they were "able to push'the  work in a manner most satisfactory to  those who were anxious to get the railway completed at the earliest possible  date, Both of the partners being present   during   the  entire construction;  they looked personally after perhaps  fifteen different gangs of men, sub-contractors, etc., who were in their employ. In this way no grass grew under  their feet.  The firm of Burns & Jordan is composed of Edward Burns and John  Jordan���both members being of long  experience in the railway construction  field, having done contracting for the  last 18 years in all parts of the Pacific  Northwest. The business men of  Phoenix generally, with whom they  <have come in contact this last summer  and fall, are unanimous in saying that  it has been a pleasure to do business  with them. During the progress of the  construction both Mr. Burns and Mr.  Jordan had their families in Phoenix.  HOW BOUNDARY TOWNS WERE STARTED.  IN a publication of this character it  is quite in keeping that something  should  be  said  about the cities  ��� and towns of the Boundary country. Nearly all of them, in the last  five or ten years, have had their times  of prosperity and otherwise. They  would not be typical of western mining  camps if they had not. But it is  pleasant to record the fact that general  business all over the Boundary was  never before on as substantial a basis  as it is today���which means, as a matter of course, that legitimate mining  ���was never in a better condition.  Phoenix���the most important point  in the Boundary because the bulk of  the ore tonnage originates here���  which was originally known as Greenwood camp, and from which the town  of that name was called, was virtually  established in 1899. When the gigantic ore bodies of the Old Ironsides and  Knob Hill mines began to be appreciated on the outside, that and the building of the C.P.R. into the district  attracted a great deal of attention to  this camp. About the same time  McKenzie & Mann and associates took  over the Brooklyn and Stemwinder  groups for the Dominion Copper Co.,  the Snowshoe began active development, and other properties also came  to the front, to add to the fame of the  camp.  Geo. W. Rumberger platted the  Cimeron mineral claim in the fall of  1899, J. B. McArthur also platting the  New York claim as.a townsite in the  same year. In November of that year  the Miner-Graves syndicate, as the  owners of the present Granby mines  were then known for brevity, placed  the Old Ironsides sub-division to Phoenix on the market, all of the Phoenix  property having one of the most remarkable sales in the history of town-  ��� ...    * ���   . .������  site selling in British Columbia.    It is  within the memory of the writer that  some persons travelled hundreds of  miles to buy Phoenix business lots at  the opening sale, only to find them  already sold, much to their disappointment.  As far as the records show, the first  townsite platted in the Boundary  creek district, as it was then called,  after the creek of the same name/, was  Midway, first called Eholts. This was  acquired by Captain R. C. Adams, of  Montreal, and associates, in 1893. It  is now the Boundary terminus of the  C.P.R.  The site of the present town of  Greenwood was acquired by Robert  Wood and associates  in 1895,  who  immediately founded the town and  platted the lots, the town being incorporated in 1897. Anaconda, adjoining, was founded previously, and Mr.  Wood made an unsuccessful attempt  to purchase it.first.  Grand Forks, located at the junction  of the main Kettle river and its North  Fork, was one of the earliest settlements, being a diverging point. The  site, which was owned by George Mc-  Rae, was sold to John A. Manly in  1893, who shortly thereafter founded  the town by platting it. Grand Forks  is fortunate in being the location of the  immense Granby smelting works, now  about to be enlarged for the third  time.  the district, and the . communities  growing up around them. The valleys  are admirably adapted to fruit raising,  and fruits of all kinds are cultivated in  the greatest profusion.  BOUNDARY   DISTANCES.  Railway distances in the Boundary  from Nelson, the C.P.R. divisional  headquarters, are, approximately, as  follows:  Miles  Cascade 83  Grand Forks   96  Eholt no  Phoenix     130  Greenwood 118  Midway     127  OKIGINAL  CABIX   BUILT  IV   PHORNIX,  WITH  SKVKN   OMVTIMERii.,..DOMINION  AVKN'UE   IS  NOW   GBADEI) OVKR THE   SITE  Small settlements also grew up at altitudes in British Columbia.  Deadwood, Carson,   Boundary  Fails, The following table of altitudes of  Eholt, etc., the latter when the railway citieSj   towns>   mjneS)  lakes,   etc.,   in  was built, and it was found that the thi      rovincej    is  compiled   from   a  Phoenix   line  of   the  C.P.R.   would .                 \u->-A        e   r*���A��  Dictionary  of   Altitudes   of   Canada  branch off there. ���,       .   ���.          r  Cascade is one of the oldest towns received by the Phoenix Pioneer from  in-the Boundary, having been  platted the   department   of  the   interior   at  in the very early nineties, and during Ottawa:  the railway building enjoying a genu- Feet  ine "boom," and  being  at  that time Arrowhead.  .  '1,413'  one of the most important of Bound- Arrow Lake. ...............   1,384  ary towns.      , Ashcroft    i,oc4  A conservative estimate of thepopu- Atlin Lake.    2,200  lation  of the  Boundary  district   has B. C. Mine    3>��  placed it at about 10,000 persons.   As Bonnington Falls ...........   1,658  is 'well  known,   the   most   important Cascade. . .....   . .-.....    I��5S7  industry is that of mining, being the Castlegar  ... . .   1,418  industry on which all others practically Christina Lake    r.531  depend.   Other industries and occupa-     Coryell  .......   3,135  tions are well represented, lumbering Cranbrook  .   3>��*4  being carried on to a considerable ex- Crow's Nest Pass '. .   4,449  tent, and farming becoming more and     Eholt    .     3>��96  more  important   each   year,   with   a     Elko     ���������   3>oS2  splendid  market close at hand, being Esquimalt        33  the numerous mines and smelters of Farroh ��� ��� ��� ���   3>985  Feet  Fernie :   3,303  Field  4,062  Fife    1,978  Fisherman   2,241  Glacier  4,093  Golden ,   2,580  Grand Forks    1,746  Greenwood ;    .   2,464  Hartford Junction  4,30��  Hope      216  Illecillewaet   2,710  Kamloops    1,160  Kaslo    1,752  Keremeos   !>390  Kootenay. Lake    1,735  Lardeau   2,400  Lilfooet      840  Lytton      695  McGuigan   3,515  Midway    1,913  Morrissey   3,101  Mother Lode Mine   3>45��  Moyie   3,046  Nakusp    1,413  Nanaimo       125  Nelson   1,769  New Denver    1,800  New Westminster         13  Nicola Lake    2,127  North Bend      495  North Star Junction    2,981  Okanagan Lake    I>135  Omenica Lake  4,100  Oro Denoro Mine   3,400  Osoyoos Lake       946  Phoenix   4,625  Princeton    1,885  Quesn^Ue Lake    2,250  Revelstoke...   I>S��3  Robs'on..:     1,414  Rogers Pass   4,309  Rosebery    1,7.95'  Rossland .    3,461  Salmo   2,181  Sandon 3,516  Shields    2,025  Silverton..........   ........   1,799  Slocan Station...    1,777  Slocan Junction.    1,637  Slocan Lake.. ��� ��� ��� ���   1,761  Smelter Junction.    x)5^j  Spences Bridge       776  Teslin Lake 2,600  Trail......". .    i,364.  Trout Lake    2,400  Tunnel...   3��2��6  Windermere Lake.    2,700  Vancouver         n  Vernon '..    1,255  Victoria         57  Waneta ��� ���   i,358  Wardner  2,484  Wellington      377  Yale       223  Ymir   2,39s  o  "-������.its THE PHOENIX PIONEER AJ5D BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  THE GRANBY CONSOLIDATED  ACKNOWLEDGED TO BE CANADA'S GREATEST COPPER PRODUCER.  most of the mines of so low a grade,     the Old Ironsides claim, and  before  The original locators became discour-    the end of that year it became known  a-ed, and it was not until 1895 that    that an ore body of almost fabulous  Stevens ran an open cut on the Knob    width, length, and no one knew how  Hill, showing  more plainly what  an    deep, had been explored, and the attention of the mining world began to  be attracted.  About,  or   just  before this   time,  THE story of the Granby Con- were  the   Old  Ironsides and  Knob  solidated is one of the most Hill, and were  made by Matt Hotter  interesting, as well as one of and Henry White, respectively, on the  the  most important, of any 20th day of July, 1891, and were re-  minin.? concern in British Columbia��� corded five days thereafter, at Camp  ^ZZlX the entire Do- McKinney, the recording office for this    *"��^X^^<**  minion of Canada. Those most familiar entire section  in those days, and near-    J^^^^^ oi  with the subject concede this to he a ly 50 miles distant.    The contrast with    half interest  to H. I. Palmerston,  , ,          t*                 r th* the~ situation here today is a remark- Spokane, and he advised Jay P. Graves, Mr. White and Mr. Graves succeeded  statement or fact.     From one of h ta��*u*��  -re ^ ^ 0f Spokane, to take it up.    Mr. Graves in   interesting   S, H.  C.  Miner,  of  most insignificant of groups 01 coppe abkon^ he  ^ J^        ' J                             ^ finall   de_ Granby, Quebec, in the ^ as weU  claims, six years or more ago, m a course havmg been ^ ^ ^                         ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Qf ^^ ^ ^ ^  S?J^ftj^^^        ��nry White and Matt Hot- Ironsides  Mining  Co., A. L. White ern Townships of that province. Some  c^t^i^Snce the world ter toiled up the valley of Boundary alsoof Spokane,' being interested with o   the Spokane men had 1become tired  over fo "he rlon that it is now real- creek on that hot summer's day in the him in the enterprise from its inception of waiting, and sold out their shares-  M ^to^by m���� are becor, early nineties, there were no trads or This was the winter of 1895-6, and always at a  profit, however, as  Old  "g more and moreL important factor wagon roads of any kind in this sec- Mr. Graves, although  he  had confid- Ironsides dollar slwes were quoted at  in the copper producing industry of the tion, and but few locations had been ence in the properties, did not find ita $r.xo at one  time, and  Knob  Hill  American continent, and as years go thought worthy the  attention of the bed of roses in getting others interested went as high as 95c                   ^      ;  by they are likely to become more so. few hardy prospectors  that had ven- However, in 1897, Mr. Graves deeded More claims were acquired when it  w;  GSAKBV  bMKLTKB���FHoM  LATEoT I'llO'lXKJB.iI'U.  In the nhistory of .mining concern?  there are always a large number of ups  .'.'<'and ' downs���successes  and   failures.  11 ^-ih-the nature of things this must neces-  ���' 'saqly be so, as it is in all  business  ' enterprises of whatsoever nature,    But  "no  mining concern of this day���at  '   least  in  this province���can show the  steady, uninterrupted' progress of the  Granby Co.  It has become only too well known  here in the Boundary that during the  last few years no concern has done so  < much to foster confidence in this district as has the Granby. When mining  in general had a setback two or three  years ago, and it seemed to be the  fashion for hitherto supposedly strong  concerns to curtail or entirely stop  operations, the Granby Co. not only  kept on itea^'ly, but was constantly  enlarging its scope of usefulness in the  Boundary as a labor employer, and at  the same time was making greater preparations for turning out an increased  qpantity of copper, gold and silver bullion from the company's smelter. With  its six furnaces it is today sending out  about a million and a half pounds of  copper bars per month. But further  details of the product will be given in  another part of this tale.  Exactly thirteen years ago last July,  the first mineral locations were made  in what is now Phoenix camp, being  antedated by but few prospects in the,  boundary  country.     These   locations  tured some sixty or eighty miles from  the nearest railway, which was at Marcus, Wash. But White and Hotter  believed ..they had found something  good at last, one of the claims being  named after the famous old frigate of  the United States navy, and the other  after Hctter's old home, Knob Mill,  San Francisco. John Stevens was a  side partner of Matt Hotter, and on  August r, 1894, he located the Victoria  adjoining the Old Ironsides, which is  also included in the present Granby  group of mines.  Times were hard in the Boundary,  however, and it was next to impossible  to get capital interested here, so far  from railway communication, and with  to prosecute active development, and  sent John F. Hemenway here with a  small force of men to undertake ir.  Mr.- Hemenway had sole charge for  some munths until Win. Yolen Williams arrived in the spring of 1898,  to assume, the local control. Mr. Williams whs the ' superintendent of  the Granby mines up to July 1, 1904,  when he resigned, and was succeeded  by A. B.- W. Hodges, who then assumed charge of both mines and smelter.  Up to 1897 there had not been 150  feet of work done on the Old Ironsides,  the No. 1 shaft being down 100 feet,  with some drifting. Mr. Williams started  work on the Knob Hill No. 1 tunnel,  as well as continuing the exploration of  Cl-MiUAL .\ItW   01'   t.Jl.\MJ\    MLNi.S.  came to be more and more realized  what a tremendous proposition was  here, and the first Granby smelting  company was organized, as well as the  Gre\ Eagle company. Eventually these  four companies were consolidated in  the Granby Consolidated Mining,  Smelling and Tower Co., Ltd., with a  capital of $15,000,000.   -  ' The smelter had been erected at  Grand Forks with an initial capacity  of two furnaces, which was later increased to four, and about over a year  ago to six, with a total capacity of  treating 2,000 tons of ore daily. And  now two more furnaces are to be added,  giving a total battery of eight. .  From the beginning the owners of  the Granby mines were favored ty  having an ore that needed no outside  mixture of ores to help it to flux���being almost a perfect self-fluxing ore  itself. This was greatly in its favor,  and the most was made of it, reducing  the expense of treating it to the minimum.  The first steam plant was brought to  the Old Ironsides mine in September,  189 7, and the next spring two drills  were operated with it. It was hauled  over poor roads from Marcus. In 1898  the first half of a ten-drill compressor  was installed, and shortly after the  second half was put in. Then in 1900  a ten-drill compressor was placed at  Knob Hill nine, and the two connected.    Contrast   this   with   the   presen  ����s  ��:  11  fnmw ��-J*����,��Hisnas[��jpsssAn  immmtmsmmammmMmmmsamm  r^Tmrvr <v -tout "rrrv^^Tg^^EV THE PHOENIX PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  magnificent equipment of machinery,  a sixty-drill machine, operated by two  700 horse po*ver electric motors, all of  which are the largest of the kind in operation in Canada, and which furnishes  ample power for pumps, hoists and  a splendid machine shop. One can  then get some idea of the changes that  have taken place and the importance,  in a commercial way, of the undertaking-  In the month of July, 1900, the  first ore train was sent down to the  company's smelter at Grand Forks,  then just finished with two furnaces.  At first the ore shipments were at the  rate of about 350 tons daily, but were  shortly increased to 700 tons per day.  The next year two more furnaces being  added to the smelter equipment, the  shipments were again increased to some  1,400 tons daily. This rate continued  for a year or two, and in the meantime  the smelter equipment was again being  augmented. After many delays, in  the fall of r9P3 six blast furnaces be-  brought economies that have heretofore  been unthbught of in the history of  mining, at least in this province. Going more into detail as to what has  been done by this company in the last  year or two, the following maybe mentioned :  New machinery installed during two  years includes two Canadian Rand class  P cross-compound duplex air compressors, electrically driven and connected  to motors by rope drives, high-pressure  cylinders  16x36 inches,  low-pressure  cylinders 28x36 inches, rated capacity  together, 8,228 cubic feet of free air  per minute, or 60  3^ inch machine  drills; two   700  horse power type C  Westinghouse   induction   motors,   to  operate compressors ; one type No. 1  Thew   automatic,  single-truck  steam  shovel, rated capacity_5oo to 750 cubic  yards in 10 hours, built  by the Thew  Automatic Shovel Co., of Lorain, Ohio;  one type No. 3 automatic, single-truck  steam shovel, capacity 1,000 to 1,500  cubic yards in 10 hours, and two 9x14  ore bins, having jaws opening 42x32  inches, and a capacity for crushing  rock to the size of 7 or 8 inches at the  rate of 150 tons per hour.  It is well known that  the Granby  Company is  steadily working in  the  direction of obtaining a large proportion  of its ore by quarrying and tramming  through  the  tunnels  rather than by  hoisting from   the  lower  levels, thus  reducing mining costs.   At the present  time the steam shovels are handling  nearly one half of the ore output, and  the question of their use in the underground workings is  now  under consideration, with a view to determining  their practical  use jn the extensive  tunnels and slopes.  As to the size of the ore bodies in  Granby mines, several statements have -  been published, and while not always  official, it is hardly too much to state '  that most of them, large as they appeared, were probably not exaggerations.. When it is said that there are  50,000,000 tons of ore, the boundaries  Kettle river, about a mile above the  town of Grand Forks. ���  The science of smelting has  been  reduced  here  to   the least possible  expense,  with   the   greatest possible  results, when cost of labor and coke  are considered, of any smelter in this  or any other land.   At least this is  the   opinion  of  experienced smelter  experts from abroad, who have come  to examine, half disbelieving, but who  have gone away thoroughly convinced.  Of course, there are excellent reasons  for this most satisfactory state of affairs.  In the first place, the management of  the Granby Co. secured the best man  available to be superintendent of the  works.    Then they utilized the waterfalls nearby for power, being transmitted by wire.    Every known device for  working out the economical  side of  the question was  introduced, and old  ones  were  improved upon, including  even the automatic furnace chargers,  the invention of Mr. A. B. W. Hodges,  the superintendent.     Last,   but   not  i  '.1  ���A  i  i  m*  THE  GRAXBY  BMEI/rKR���FKOM  l.ATK  1'IIOTOGRAPII.  !��VJ  m  &.  i  gan the work of reducing nearly 2,000  tons of Phoenix ore per day, which  rate has since and is now being maintained steadily: The machinery plant  at the mines in) Phoenix has a capacity  of getting out a least 5,000 tons of ore  daily.  Ore shipments from the Granby  mines for the last four years have been  as follows: *  1900............. 64,333 tons  1901..-..-'.' -.'.-. .231,762 tons  1902. 309,858 tons  *9��3 393,718 tons  1904 (estimated) .. .542,000 tons  Total 1,541,871 tons  It is probably a fact that no mining  company in British Columbia is constantly adding to and bettering its  equipment more than the Granby Co.  The necessity of saving every few cents  possible on each ton of ore sent to the  smelter, oh account of the acknowledged low   grade of  the   ore,   has  saddle tank locomotives, built by the  Davenport Machine Works, Davenport,  Iowa, for hauling the mine ore cars  from the workings to the ore bins.  This machinery has cost the company something like $150,000 alone,  and is constantly being added to. It  is all of the most modern and approved  manufacture, and calculated to materially assist in the reduction of. costs in  the production of ore. ,  In addition to  the above last fall  new   ore   bunkers were   constructed  for the No. 3 tunnel, and electrical  equipment  for hauling ore, including  the  first  electric   locomotive  in   the  Boundary, has been ordered and is now  being installed.    All of this electrical  machinery was supplied by the Canadian  Westinghouse  Co., of Hamilton,  Ont., and is of the latest and  most  improved type.   A huge style B Blake-  Farrell ore crusher is also being  installed for the No. 3 ore bins, similar to  that in use for some time at the No. 1  of   which   have   been   explored,  the  figures seem almost incomprehensible,  yet mining men conversant with the  conditions have made statements even  broader than this.    It can readily be  seen that at the present rate of nearly  2,000 tons of ore daily for shipping  and smelting, this ore body will last  for   many,   many  years.     Then   the  company has announced its intention,  some time in the future, of driving a  long and deep tunnel, to reach the ore  bodies at a depth of upwards of 1,500  feet, thereby opening up untold millions of tons more.  GRANBY CO.'S SMELTING WORKS.  It has been a surprise to the most  experienced of metallurgists when they  observed the economy which is common practice at all the Boundary  reduction works, including those of  the Granby Consolidated Mining,  Smelting.& Power Co., Ltd., which  are located on the North Fork of the  least, they were favored in the nature  of the Phoenix ore which they had to  treat���this ore being practically of a  self-fluxing nature, thereby requiring no  roasting or mixing with other ores, and  comparitively little fuel to make it run  well in the furnaces.  All these things aided in the magnificent results, in which also ample  capital and executive ability of a high  degree played a most important part.  The reader will do well to remember that at Grand Forks is located the  largest copper-gold smelter in Canada,  which  is  turning   out  approximately  1,500,000   pounds   of   copper   bars  monthly, besides the gold and  silver  values.    Not only is it the largest reduction works in.the Dominion, but it  is operated at  the minimum of cost,  and with a success  that  has  enabled  the company to already begin the payment of profits   to   the  shareholders,  with the probability of its being continued  for  an  indefinite period, the  I-. ���  JWWMS^^  ���n 1  1 ' .   ': I  J THE PHOENIX  PIONEER AND BOUNDARY MINING JOURNAL.  First sampler started. 1 .Aug. ij,! 1900'  First furnace started.. .Aug. 21, 1900  Second " " ...Oct. 13, 1900  Third " " ...Feb. 27, 1902  Fourth " " ...Mar. 17, 1902  Fifth " " ...Nov. 5, 1903  Sixth " " ...Nov. 6, 1903  Converter started Jan.   14, 1902  In' regard  to  the tonnage of ore  '.-Mine-development. ^5,69*Jineal.feet  Granby ore shipped  to smelter 514,387 dry ton*-  Granby ore smelted 516,059  Foreign ore smelted 36,182  Foreign matte treated    4>29��  (i  A brief description of the plant and  machinery in use at the Granby smelter may be found of interest. While  treated at the Granby smelter since the in;t;al p]ant consisted of but two  the first furnace was started, August b,ast fumaces> with blowers, electric  21, 1900, the Allowing figures tell the    fixtureS) etc., each-year has seen a con-  story, the ore all coming from the  company's Phoenix mines, with the  exception of occasional small shipments from other Boundary,��Kootenay  and Republic camp mines :  Tons  ���   62,387  . 230,828  .3 * 2.340  .401,921  1900  1901  1902  1903  , A.   B    W.   HODGKS,  GENKRAL fcUPBUINTKNUKNT,  GUANBY CO.  company's  Phoenix  mines, 25  miles  1904 (estimated) 578,000  siderable' addition to the.machinery,'  until now it is believed to be as complete as human foresight and energy  can1 make1 it. <*  In the plan of increasing the capac-  city of the reduction works during  1903 by one third, extensive additions  were made to the plant Two new  double-decked water jacket blast furnaces, 160x44 inches at the tuyeres,  were put in (bringing the treatment  Grand total i,585>476    capacity of the smelter, now having  For the fiscal year ending June 30,     six furnaces, up to nearly 2,000 ions  O    R.  tiMITH, JR.,  GRANBY MINK SUPKRINTKNDENT.  below the smelter on the North Fork  distant, having an almort inexhaustible     1904, the production of gold,  silver    per day); three standard Connellsville    of Kettle river, the Granby company  supply of ore.  After working on the construction  for perhaps a year, the first furnace of  the-Granby smelter began the work of,  reducing the ores from the company's  mines August 13th, 1900. Inside of  eight weeks the second furnace was in  operation. The success of these two  furnaces was so satisfactory that it was  at once decided to double ,the capacity  - of the plant, and in February, 1902,  the third furnace was started, the  fourth being blown in the following  month.   . Still  greater things. in the  .  smelting line were projected, however,  .. and two more furnaces were ordered,  and, after many delays, were started in  the fall of 1903���making the full bat-  ��� tery of six furnaces' how in operation  " at this smelter, besides the reverber-  atory furnace. It has recently been  announced that in 1905 two more- furnaces will be added to the smelter,  giving a total daily capacity of reducing  ' about 2,700 tons of ore.  At first the copper matte, the product of the blast furnaces, about 50  per cent, fine, was shipped east, where  it was converted into blister copper  and the gold and silver values extracted. But by doing this the company paid freight across the continent  on some 50 per cent.1 of waste, and as  soon as possible a two stand copper  .converter   was added   to  the plant,  . which meant a large saving in the item  of freight alone.   This converter has -'  not only handled the matte of the  Granby smelter," But that of other smel-,"       '���'���-'.  ters in the interior of British Columbia,     and copper at the Granby smelter was    blowers, and  three   100 horse power  as well, when occasion required, up to    as follows,   the figures   given   being    Westinghouse electric motors to oper-  the present. * "   official':  - -The following table gives in chronological order some data in regard to  the starting of operations at the Granby  smelter:  J. P. GRAVES, GENKRAL MANAGER, GRANBY CO.  Copper  Silver.,  Gold .  Construction started.. .July  First ore received.   ... July  1899  1900   16,024,415 lbs.      275,960 oz.        54,231 oz.  For the same  period  of time the  following official  figures   have   been     Works slag cars, for dumping the slag  made public:  ate them; a full. complement of receivers and cast steel 5-ton matte  ladles; two 12x14 Canadian Rand  Rock   Drill  Company's  locomotives,  one Davenport saddle-tank locomo- Wash, vice-president and gener