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The Nelson Economist Mar 20, 1901

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 A* isi *\  VOIv. IV.  NELSON, B. C, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1901.  NO. 36  9. 9  v O  THE  NELSON  ECONOMIST is issued   every  Wednesday. Subscription : $2.00 per annum ; IF PAID IN ADVANCE, $1-50. CORRESPONDENCE OF GENERAL INTEREST RESPECTFULLY  SOLICITED. ONLY ARTICLES OF MERIT WILL BE  ADVERTISED IN THESE COLUMNS, AND THE IN  TERESTS OF READERS WILL BE CAREFULLY  GUARDED AGAINST IRRESPONSIBLE PERSONS AND  WORTHLESS ARTICLES.  TN connection with the application for a railway  -*-    charter by James J. Hill and others to  connect  with the Crow's Nest coal fields, the appointment of a  commission of investigation by the Government is  the proper course io pursue. Past experience  warrants the Government in this mode of proceedure.  When the Canadian Pacific Railway built into the  Rockies, the anthracite coal beds of the Bow River  were opened up, and the company first in the field  attempted to control as large an area of coal lands  as it could acquire. ThiB was the subject of animated  discussion in the papers at that time, those in favor  of the monopoly loudly proclaiming that there were  millions of tons of coal���in fact a supply sufficient  to meet the requirements of all for hundreds of years.  Geologically speaking, there is a very large area  of coal in the Bow River district, but now after  eighteen years of development we find the output of  coal of any kind insufficient to meet even the  domestic requirements of the West. This being a  demonstrated fact, why should not the statements of  Senator Cox and Robert Jaffray as to the inexhaustible supply in the Crow's Nest coal fields be discounted.  British Columbia industries must not be throttled  to gratify the avarice of a few ambitious adventurers  It is a good plan for every business man to use  printed stationery in carrying on his correspondence,  no matter how small or how large may be his trade.  Most merchants do this, but now and then a letter is  received having nothing but the chirography of the  writer to indicate his name and place of business.  When name and address are written plainly, which  is done in the great majority of cases, they can of  course be readily deciphered without the supplementary work of the printer, but the fact will not be  disputed that the writing of many persons cannot  always be read easily by those unfamiliar with it.  When words in the body of a letter are ambiguous,  they/jan usuallybe deciphered without great difficulty  by examining them in relation to ,the context, but  sue- a key is not obtainable in an attempt to read  the name. A printed note head makes the name  plain, looks business-like and the cost is insignificant  in proportion to the benefit derived. This is a  cheap mode of advertising that dealers should not  neglect to improve. Enterprising business houses  make it a point to preserve all correspondence. Letters written are copied in books provided for that  purpose, while communications received are filed  systematically for future reference, in case they  should be wanted. The wisdom and necessity of  this policy are exemplified every day. The memory  of a correspondent is at fault. He feels sure that the  terms of a contract have not been complied with, that  he ordered something different to what he received.  A reference to his letters corrects the defect in his  memory and convinces him of his error. If the  letter had been destroyed it may be impossible to  make a patron believe that he is mistaken, and the  careless business man may be compelled to choose  . between the unpleasant alternative of losing the  trade of a good customer or yielding to an unjust  demand. Few letters may ever be required for  perusal after they have been answered, but when a  man does want an old letter, he wants it. So it  pays to give close and exact attention to the preserving and filing of correspondence.  Jim Hill in his heart thinks the Canadian people  are fools, but his friends in the " associated boards  of trade" shout it right out.  If Jim Hill had only a certain class of Canadian  politicians to deal with and had not to run up  against the good sense of the masses, in a few years  he might have more money than Carnegie, with  which to endow public libraries.  For presumption and assurance nothing in the  present controversy over railway charters surpasses  the contributions of the Toronto Telegram. Just  how, when and where the Telegram secured its authority to speak for British Columbia is not manifest, and  if its knowledge of the other subjects it discusses is as  limited as its grasp of the situation in British  Columbia its utterances should be subjected to a  very heavy discount. We would like to know  under what obligation are the people of British  Columbia .to Toronto that we should slaughter our  most important industry, that being the only policy,  according to the Telegram, " which can contribute to  the industrial and commercial development of  Toronto." Why should British Columbia be made  a miloh cow to supply nutriment to a dozen or so  Toronto adventurer*? Is it not enough that we should  be lieeced and victimized by an alien horde without  suffering the further humiliation of being robbed in  the houses of people who should come to our rescue?  The Telegrarrts well-known hostility to the C. P. R.  may in a measure account for its  ecstatic  devotion  3*Kv*P  ���',"''-���'i,T��'I  '���SS'I  ,.)'  Mnum THE NELSON ECONOMIST  to the unlicensed, avaricious designs of   a syndicate  ���of alien robbers, but the most generous construction  that can be placed on its present policy of misrepresentation is crass ignorance of the whole situation as  it presents itself to�� the view   of the  average' British  Columbian.     H the Telegram were half as wise as it  pretends to be it would know    that the  smelting  of  ores in British Columbia depends  altogether  on   an  adequate supply  of  coke.     Although   the smelting  industry of this Province is   as  ye't   in   its   infancy  the Crow's Nest coal fields company, after three years  of development,   has   not  been  able to  constantly  supply the local demand.    This is not a rough &uees,'.  but actual statement based on the authority of such  men as Mr. J. J; Campbell, of the Hall Mines smelter,  and  Mr. A. C. Fiummerfelt, of   the Granby smelter,  and their testimony is corroborated   by   every  other  individual associated with the  smelting  enterprises  of the Province.     By no stretch of imagination   can  the editor,of the Toronto Telegram be   contemplated  in the light of an   authority  on  questions   affecting  the smelting industry, yet he has   the  assurance   to  tell his readers that he knows   more about what  we  want than we do ourselves.     When British   Columbians, for their own diversion,  want   to   read   something that  is   absolutely   worthless   as   an   expert,  opinion on a question affecting the mining industry,  they can now turn  to the columns   of   the   Toronto  Telegram with reasonable assurance   that   they  will  find it on the editorial page of that   oracular   publication.  This resolution of the Nelson City Council protesting against granting a charter for a line'of .railway from the Crow's Nest coal fields to the international boundary, comes at an opportune time. It  is such an expression of opinion as one would expect  from a body of prudent, up-to-date business men,  and in this respect is in strong contrast to the unpatriotic course adopted by the'" associated" boards of  trade." To Alderman Paterson and Irving belongs  the credit of moving and seconding the resolution,  which is as follows ':".  "Whereas, application has been made to  the Provincial Legislature for a charter for  a railway from the Fernie coal fields to the Inter  national boundary line, and whereas, there is a  difference of opinion as to the advisability,of granting said charter at the pre-ent time, in view of the  probable effect which the granting of said charter  might have upon the fuel supply of the country  necessary for the successful operation, of Kootenay  smelters, therefore, be it resolved that this council  endorses the proposal that the provincial legislature  defer action upon said charter until the rnatter ��� has  been thoroughly investigated by a royal commission,"  The discussion on the resolution, evinced a lucid  comprehension on the part of the aldermen of the  situation at the coal fields as it exists at tho present  time. His Worship commented on the fact that a  great deal nacl been said on the subject by persons  who knew but little, if anything, as to the extent of  the coal beds.     He showed the fallacy of not antici  pating, what was really likely to happen, a shortage  of coal to operate smelters or for manufacturing purposes. While he was not in favor of shutting out  competition, it was certainly a duty to protect our  own interests whenever they are threatened. Aid,  Paterson referred to the power the holders of the  charter would have in crippling our smelters by keeping back the coal, and otherwise retarding the  development of what should be our most important  industry. This is the line of argument adopted  throughout the discussion on the resolution, and it  showed clearly that the representative men... of the  city of Nelson are strongly opposed to committing  the destiny of th.p Province to the guardianship of  James J. Hill. '  In judging the future  policy of the  Hill  railway  interests we can only be guided by what  has   taken  place in the past.     Take  as an  instance the  policy  of "that part of his system from Northport to Nelson.  Every inducement is given,  even to discrimination  to haul ores tributary to that line out of our country,  to a foreign smelter as  against  our home  smelters.  Is there   any   reason   to   expect   Mr.   Hill  to   act  differently should he be  allowed   to  get the  whole  district within his grasp ?   Not one particle of evidence  has   been   produced  in contradiction  of  the  statement that the Fernie company at   present  control the only accessible  coal   measures   that can   be  opened up within a   reasonable  period,   or   without  the expenditure of very large  sums   of money,   and  always with a doubt as   to  the   quality of coal that  may be discovered.  Eight persons out of ten will  endeavor  to  rid   a  room of its noxious gases   by   making an  outlet for  the air near the top  of the enclosed space.     The result is that the room  is   cooled,  but the  impurities  remain practically where they   were.     The  reason  is  this :   As the air of a room is heated, it rises, but  the impure gases, being generally   heavier than  the  ordinary air, settle  to the bottom of the room.     A  great amount of harm has been done, in schoolrooms  particularly,   by    lowering    the   upper   sashes  in  windows, thus causing cool  drafts  upon   the  overheated heads of the pupils. A room is best ventilated  when the heavy and impure air is drawn   gradually  away from the lower part of the  room   through an  opening into  a chimney, the heated   walls of which  cause, an upward    current,     An  open  fireplace is  thus one of  the best ventilators  known,     When  this is not convenient, an opening covered by a grate  should be made in the chimney near the floor,    Low  rooms are  frequently so overheated as to require an  outlet near the top, but this should be used simply to  cool the room, not to ventilate it,     in  close  buildings occupied by animals, ventilation can be secured  by a close shaft six or more inches square, according  to the size of the room, extending from within about  twelve inches of the floor up through the  roof of the  building.     The wind blowing across the top  of this  will cause an upward current, which will draw  off  tho impure air.     Interesting  experiments can  be  KJHH  mmtm  mm  mm  mat  mem  wammm  mm  tma griiraHiffww'TTr*,*-������~->��***���''  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  )'  i>.)\  made by testing the effectiveness of-various ki nds of  ventilation.     Let the doors of a room be  closed  to  keep out drafts ;   then with delicate tissue paper cut  in long strips and held by one end, or with a lighted  candle, note the outward current of air  through   an  opening near the floor into  a heated chimney,   or  from the room into an open fire.     Note also the outward current of the  upper   air   when  a   window   is  lowered, and at the same time the downward rush of  cold air to the floor  near the window.    If a sleeping  room has been closed all night, as too many sleeping  are, go out into the pure  air  for fifteen   minutes ;  then go back into the closed room and note the  unpleasant change.     The first seeds of disease are  too  often sown in unventilated  bed-rooms.  The Toronto Globe is surprised that there should  be any antagonism in British Columbia to granting  a, charter to the proposed Hill railway.: The trouble  with the Toronto Globe is that it fails to grasp the  situation, and even if it were mentally capable of  doing so, it would still have to advocate the interests  af Mr. Robert Jaffray. This is a case of the British  Columbia ox being gored, and the people here would  be traitors to their own interests if they permitted  themselves to be swallowed up body and soul by the  arch-conspirator Hill, and his designing accomplices.  The Montreal Star estimates that of the children  born in Canada during this year, 27   per cent,   will  be named "Edward."   The percentage will who attain the distinction of the person they are named after  will be considerably lower.  According to an exchange, they have a keenwitted grave digger at Calvary cemetery, Chicago.  He was called as a witness to show that James Kane  was never initiated as a member of Lodge 420 of the  Knights and Ladies of Security. The grave-digger's  name is Hugh McKirk, and he seems a close approach to his prototype in Hamlet. " Why do you  dig graves?" asked council. -"To'pull a living  out and put the dead in," came the response, at  which even the jurors smiled. " Do you remember  digging a grave for James Kane ?" kt Grave 42, lot  8, and peace to his ashes," was the reply. "Are  you sure that it was Kane's corpse that was put in  the grave," queried the assistant state's attorney,  " Mr. Kane did not take the trouble of proving his  identity," replied McKirk.  .))  Dealing with the proposed invasion  of Hill and  his associates, the Mining Record, has the following ;  " These things are not susceptible of any explanation, save one, namely, that the interests of the Great  Northern Railway and of the American Smelting  and Refinery Industry, are not identical with the  interests of the mining and smelting industries of  British Columbia. It is not necessary to accuse  these corporations of any calculated malignity towards British Columbia. They are merely carrying out a line of policy which they conceive to be the  best for their own interests, which do not happen  to  coincide  with  our advantage at the  present time.  They are neither more or less  selfish   than  our own  transportation    and    industrial    monoplies.      But  while our own monopolies may be controlled by legislation, when likely to militate against the public good  a foreign monopoly cannot be so controlled.     Their  action, however, upon our resources and upon our industries may and must be regulatedby a fiscal policy  which will prevent Canada from   remaining a hewer  of wood and drawer of water to industry   located  and  centralized  in  the United States.    Industrial independence must be the watchword of Canada ; and the  earliest manifestation of an industrial   independence  will be found  iu delivering the country absolutely  and eternally from the  control  of any foreign  industrial monopoly like the American  Smelting  and  Refining Company.     This cannot   be done satisfactorily   or  permanently   by   preventing commercial  intercourse with the United States.     But it  can   be  done and it must be done by  a  fiscal policy   which  will enable Canada to go into the business of refining  lead and silver for itself.     Do we not possess all the  raw materials, all   the accessibility  to   the   world's  markets which   are required ?   Must we   arrive   at  the melancholy conclusion that what we lack is  the  industrial initiative necessary to enable us to utilize  our own resources and   advantages  to  their fullest  capacity ?"  We neglected last week to note the arrival of a new  exchange, the Trade Budget, published at Vancouver.  This publication contains a vast amount of useful  information, and, as its name implies, is published  exclusively in the interests of the mercantile community. A paper of this character is invaluable to  the wholesale trade, but it is exceedingly difficult to get patronage from the class who should in  their own interests support a trade publication.  It is a little   curious  to   reflect   that of   all   the  materials used in connection with  the  hundreds  of  vessels that at different  times have  been built  for  the   British   Navy   one   thing   must   consistently  have been of  foreign  origin, namely the bottle of  wine, which, according to time-honoured custom,  is  broken on  the ship as she  takes the water and  receives her  name.     In the past it was indispensable  that this should be the case, for, until  recent years,  wine, in the sense of the pure juice of the grape, has  not been a  product of Britain or of the British Empire.   Britain need, however, no longer christen her  warships with foreign wine, for several of our ColonieB  have developed a growing trade  in   what we  may  call Imperial wines.    It is interesting to  note that  the new  battleship  Good Hope is to  be christened  with Australian wine,and it is to be hoped  that the  precedent thus set will be religiously  followed,  so  that " all  the materials used"  in  connection  with  our vest-els will be consistently oi British origin.  Southehn Kootenay is now the backbone of  British Columbia as far as the mining interests go.  What greater calamity could befall our Province  than to leave it at the mercy of the strangling  methods of ali��n adventurers ? 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  NEVER have I heard the tacts disputed that  Nelson is the natural distributing point of the  Kooten.iys or that one K )>tenay3 are the richest  mineral regions iu the Province, if not, indeed of the  Dominion.. Although we have some very extensive  agricultural districts, it is clear xhafc^we matt depend  to a great extent on our neighbois to supply us  with the necessaries of life as well as its luxuries.  As the mineral resources of the country continue to  be developed there must be a great increase of population and a proportionate increase in the demand  and supply of food stuffs and '���manufactured articles.  To one coming.from the E^st, everything in the  West seems to be very dear���dearer than the  difference in wages pa 1d as between the two points  would appear to justify. The reason for this is  that supplies have io be carried a long distance  and so freely handled by middlemen that prices  must, go up. With greater facilities for handling  goods and keener competition there is a decided  tendency towards a cheaper and more liberalsupply  of all commodities.' This will continue until the  merchant in the West can afford to sell at as low a  figure as his brother in.the East, and at the same  time make as good a profit.  . Let us take the " staff of life".for example. The  top price is paid for bread in. Nelson. I am not  objecting to the quality of the article supplied, nor  do I wish to insinuate that our bakers are rapidly  amassing a,fortune at the expense of the community,  but I do think that it would be more satisfactory  for all concerned if that staff upon which we all lean  could be supplied at a lower figure. The wheat  from which our flour is made is chiefly grown in  Manitoba and milled in that same Province also.  True, we have flour mills at Enderby which handle  the cereals of the Okanagan country, and at the  Coast, but here in the Kootenays we ought to have a  mill���even if we have to bring in our wheat. I am  pleased to note that there is a prospect of having  such an industry established right here in Nelson.  Some months ago a Calgary miller, Mr. B. Triel,  visited this city and was favorably impressed with  the situation. However, his stay was short, and  his visit was.made at a season when investigation  could not be satisfactorily conducted. But Mr. Triel  saw enough of Nelson to convince him that it would  be a good business speculation to start a mill here.  On returning borne, he at once proceeded to figure  out the problem, and submitting his scheme to  C, P, R. authorities he was given every encouragement as to freight rates, etc. The other day he  wrote to a gentleman in town on the subject ( I,  read the letter) asking if it were probable that he  could secure some of the waste water-power of Cottonwood Creek, and if so he would build here. The  matter has been laid before the Mayor and Aldermen, and .I hope they will bo able to make such'  arrangements with the miller as will induce him to  locate hero. I am a great believer in the cheap  breakfast, and if the establishment of a mill in Nelson  will give us cheaper bread, we should all do our best  to promote it.  And talking of industries, I have not  heard anything of late about that woollen  mill  of  which  so  much was being said someyear ago. There is such  a demand for woollen goods in a mining country  that one would think such an enterprise would pay  here: But it is only a matter of time until we will  have them all. We j. assess the advantage of unlimited water power and with coal within easy distance Kootenay is bound to   attract manufacturers.  Among the leading manufactures of the near  future will doubtless be a refinery, and; following  in its trail a large number of other kindred industries.  As long as we allow our neighbor's'at the other side  of the boundary line to enjoy all the benefits of the  raw material, so long will they make the big profits  to the loss of this country. I was pleased to note  that the Board of Trade at its meeting the other  evening adopted a strong resolution in favor of  bonusing the lead industry���$5 per ton for five  years for pig lead mined, smelted, and refined in  Canada. At first sight, this would..-loo.k a big sum  to pay by the way of bounty, but then it must be  remembered that it is anew industry, and that the  bonus is only asked for five years, before the expiration of which time the lead question of the country  will have been practically settled, and the industry  placed on such a solid basisthat it will require no  further protection. Men who are eminently qualified  to pronounce on the subject say that a ready market  can be secured for all the lead and lead products  which Canada can produce. WhaC a vast amount  of profitable employment such an industry would  give ! Such pressure is being brought to bear upon  the government, that it is difficult to see how those  in power at Ottawa   can refuse to act.  I read, some what with regret, that we are promised  a great influx of people from the East this spring. I  am very much afraid that our Eastern friends have  .an- exaggerated idea of this, province. Too often do  they form their opinions on the scale of wages paid  here in most trades, and argue that men must be  scarce when such prices prevail. I would strongly  advise a man. who is doing fairly well in the East,  to think twice before starting out for the West, unless, indeed, he is-in a position to support himself  until work in his own particular line offers, or unless he is able and willing to turn his hand to anything that comes along. I know several, professional men in this country who are mucking in the  mines��� not from the love of hard manual labor, but  from stern necessity. Most of the trades are well  filled out here, and intending immigrants would do  well to make some enquiries before starting West,  There is a good time coming, and as soon as it arrives  I would heartily welcome my Eastern cousins, but  just at present I would say���stay at home. There  are many idle though willing hands out here.  Arrangements have already started for the opening of the season's sports, I hope to see the lacrosse boys more in evidence this year than last, as  there is unquestionably a lot of good material in  Nelson. Aquatic sports are also worthy of more  attention.  I very often hear complaints���indeed I have  made them myself���as to the growing canine population of Nelson. Now to our well-lived well-behaved dogs I don't object, but when the nights are  made hidious by growling, whining mongrels, and.  the days are rendered less pleasant by the same class  �����' mmwfflmmvmitrm  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ������>.,     ���  of animal brawling on the public streets, it is  lime that some relief should be vouchsafed. A dog  that nobody owns is not worth owning. If a man  thinks anything of his animal he will care for it,  and will willingly demonstrate his approval by  securing a license, even at the cost of a couple of  dollars. There are scores of ownerless canines in  Nelson that can well be spared, and in charity  to themselves they ought to be done away with. I  am glad to see that Old Bill is now the pound keeper.  He is a great lover of dogs himself and knows  practically every dog in town. Heis now out with  the tags for the year of grace .901., and will see that  they adorn the necks of breeds worth preserving.  FALSE PROPHETS.  :���- But there are other nuisances which come within  the jurisdiction of the pound keeper which I hope  he will abate. Spring is with us, and nearly everybody is preparing the garden for the reception of  flower seeds. Nothing, to my mind, looks better  or happier, than a well kept little garden, and as  few houses in Nelson are without a plot however  small, which might be utilized to beautify the  scene, it is a pity to know that in very many cases  these plots are allowed to remain under brush or  grass because it would require a fence as high as'  that of the jail yard or several hundred feet of wire  netting to insure the flowers which garden seed  should produce. This is owing to the fact that  some near-by neighbor has a taste for raising fowls  and believes that a good run is conducive to the  health of the birds. Such may be the case, but it  becomes very annoying when a neighbor's chickens  develop a taste for your flower seeds and enjoy their  most industrious spell.in scratching up your garden  plot. If you object, there is bound'to be unpleasantness, and people generally 1 ike to live on good terms  with those around them. If Bill Herring will only  step in and do his duty in this connection he will  earn the lasting gratitude of very many citizens of  Nelson. Some people appear to be under the impression that fowls have the right to roam at large.  I saw a chicken run over by the street car the  other day, and heard the owner of the bird denounce  the motorman, conductor, and the railway company  generally, in language anything but polite, for driving at a greater rate than chicken-speed. Tho  owner of that fowl declares she will take action  against the Street Railway Co. for damages. ,  I understand that the park is to be made more  attractive this year than ever. A little clearing up  will make a big improvement. There is talk of  building a hotel on the grounds and making provision for all sorts of amusements,  :v  St. Patrick's Day in Nelson was observed by a  concert given in the Emmanuel Congregational  Church. The applause which followed each number  on the programme was perhaps the best evidence  of the merit of the whole entertainment, I regret  that lack of space permits any lengthened criticism  of the various numbers that went to make up the  concert. '  I have once more to refer to the good work of  Mayor Fletcher and Dr. La Bau in using every precaution to prevent the spread of contagious diseases.  In this way the city will be saved the costs of  epidemics. p. G.  (To the Editor)  Sir, ���Many people still have unbounded faith in  fortune-tellers, and it may be that the fortune-teller  sometimes hits the bulls-eye, but I am afraid if our  sharp-shooters shot as wide of. the mark in South  Africa as the prognosticators usually do in their predictions there would not be as many dead Boers  under the veldt as there are.  " Old Moore," the almanack maker^ annually  puts on the prophet's mantle, and tells us what is  going to happen during the next twelve months.  This year, I cut out from a newspaper what his  prophesies are for the current year 1901. Here are  the predictions for January :  " In January there will be a formidable agitation  ir- France, and a severe attack will be made upon  the Republic."  Now, everybody knows that they only had the  usual amount of racket in France during January.  They are always on the verge of revolution in that  country anyway, and Old Moore did not run much  ���"��isk in predicting trouble in France in January, or  for that matter, at any other   time.  But Old Moore was not more out in what he did  predict than in what he failed to predict. He did  not; seem to know that Queen Victoria would die in  that month. This was an event that any one able  to see the future ought to have been able to foretell.  For February and March, he says that most  notable events will take place in the extreme East,  and India will threaten to rise up against British  domination. I suppose events in China must be  taken as partially fulfilling this prediction, but  India will have to get a hustle on to fulfil the latter  part.  Another prophet foretold that the Pope was to die  within 30 days of the death of the great composer  Verdi. Well, in the language of the prize ring,  " Time's up" and the Pope has failed to keep the contract.* So on the whole my scepticism with regard  to the predictions of...would-be prophets has been  considerably strengthened by my recent observations. I am confirmed in my opinion that what  lies in the womb of the future you cannot always  most generally sometimes tell. Aliquis.  Now is the season for whist stories. A good one  was told by Mr. Everitt, the United States Minister  to St, James' in the early days of the Queens reign.  He was presented to her Majesty, together with the  Neapolitan ambassador, and afterwards Lord Melbourne informed them that they would be expected  to join in a game at whist with the Duchess of  Kent, " I pWy but a very poor game myself," said  his Lordship ; " and, in fact, I scarcely understand  it," but the Duchess is very fond of ft," "And 1  am a very bad player," declared the Neapolitan,  adding, to the Yankee, "and should 1 chance to be  your Excellency's partner, I beg your forbearance  in advance." Mr, Everitt, in his turn, averred that  he also knew very little of the game, and then the  three dignitaries,' in their full State attire, wore  conducted to the Duchess of Kent's apartments in  the Castle, She soon invited them to play, and as  they began a lady-in-waiting took her place behind  her, the Duchess remarking, "Your Klxoellenoies  will excuse mn iff rely upon tho advice of my  friend here, for I mtiHt confess that I am really a very  poor player." And so thoy all passed an hour of  perfect boredom, which etiquette forbade them to  decline. 8  A. Wild Night, at" Wood River.  m-  mi  ��  i i TT^EEP that kid quiet," said Bankers in a hoarse  X"V    whisper.  ..." I'm doing the best I can," said big wife,  trying to hush the little one, who was sobbing and  moaning in her lap. In the baby's milk wagon a  bitter fight was going on between paregoric and pain,  and the latter was dying hard. The, wind drove  the rain against the side of the car and made it  rock to and fro. "Emma"' said Mrs. Bankers to  her friend. " take that bottle and hold it between  you and a crack in the car, and when it lightens  drop ten drops into the spoon.     I  suppose we must  not strike a light,"  " You bet you don't strike any light here unless you  are ready to give up your chignon," said Bankers,  without taking his eyes from the crack through  which he was peeping. Emma took the bottle, and  at each flash of lightning dropped a drop of hush  medicine into tbe spoon, and when she had put , in  ten drops they gave it to the baby. That made 20  drops. It was dangerous, but it was sure death to  all of them if the baby cried aloud.  The   rain   came in   great  sheets and with   such  force that it seemed that the  car  could hardly hold-  the. rail.     It was not a Pullman car ; just a .common  red stock car standing on a siding,   with a few arm-  '.".'���'���fuls of straw upon the floor.     Occasionally Bankers  turned to glance at the two women who were crouching in one  end of the car, and   when the   lightning  lit, up their faces they were fearful to   behold^.     Now  the rain, cold as sleet,   came through  the  cracks   in  the  car  and stung the faces of those   within.     Mrs.  Bankers   had seen three winters at Wood River, but  her friend, the   young   woman  who had come out to  western Nebraska to teach school, was in every sense-  a tenderfoot, and   ihe experience  of this wild night  had almost  driven her mad.  " Tnere they are," whispered   Bankers.     Now the  women put their eyes to a crack, and   when a  flash  came they could see a reef  of  feathered heads  that  ���- formed a half circle around the house, .like a feather  boa about a  woman's neck.     Half  the band  dismounted and   made a  rush   for the cottage.    The  door was broken,  and  the red  devils  swarmed in.  One of them took a newspaper and lighted it  at the  the open fireplace to make a torch, and by the light  of it the little party in the stock  car could   see  the  Sioux running, half crouching, from   room  to room  in search of the occupants.     Finding the place deserted   and   smarting  under  their disappointment,  the Indians now set fire to the  house   and by   the  light of it started to loot  the  railroad  station,  less  than a hundred yards away.  The station agent had been warned, as the  others  had been, by a Pawnee scout,  but  had  bravely   refused to leave his post.   He had made no light, but  sat in one end of the dark little room which served as  ticket office, telegraph office and  sleeping room and  as the Indians approached opened fire.    At the very  first shot the leader of the  murderous  band  leaped  high in tho air, came  down   on his  feet, leaped up  again and  again and finally  fell in a heap, to rise  no more,     With a  deafening  yell the  angry band  made a rush for the door and began to beat against  it with tomahawks, clubs and guns.  Having emptied his rifle, the agent now took up a  pair of 45 caliber revolvers, and the lead fairly  rattled against the door, and no fewer than a half  dozen savages sank to the platform, causing the  besiegers to fall back a npaoe, From a distance they  began to pour the load into the  building, but  the  agent, crouching behind the little iron safe, was still  unhurt.   * An   Indian   brought  a   torch   from   the  burning cottage and attempted  to  fire  the  station,  but the rain and   wind  put out the fire.     Two or  three Sioux,   noticing   a   string of   cars upon   the  siding, began to search for stock  or  eatable freight.  From car to car they ran, thrusting their rifles into  the straw.     " Uh !"   said an  old  buck   as  his rifle  found something soft in one of the cars, and Bankers  felt. a.hurt in his'short   ribs.      Laying  hold of  the  side of the car, the Indian began to pull and strain.  By the merest chance he had taken  hold of the  car  door, and now, as it opened, he  thrust  his   hideous  head inside.     Bankers  could have  blown   the top  of the Sioux's head   off,   but  he  knew   that  to fire  would be to attract a dogen redskins, against whom  he could not hope to   hold out- long.     The  women  scarcely  breathed.     The   baby,  full  of   paregoric,  slept as though it  had already entered upon its final  rest.  The other two Indians had  given  up  the search  among the empty cars and gone back  to the station,  where the agent, having reloaded all his  guns, kept  the gang  hopping and  dancing  about the  station  platform.     The old Sioux  at  the car door  cocked  his head and listened.     He must  have  fancied  he  heard something breathe, for now he  put his   hands  upon  the sill   and  leaped into  the  car.     He  had  scarcely straightened up when  Banker's rifle barrel  fell across his feathered head, and he dropped like a     ���  leaf.     The school ma'am uttered a faint scream, and  that was the last sound that came from   her  corner  for some time.    The Sioux never   moved  a  finger,  and Bankers, having removed the warrior's firearms  and ammunition, gave the gun to his wife and then     '  covered the dead Sioux  with  straw.     A "I ready the  little frame   cottage had burned to  the ground, and  the rain had nearly quenched the fire. Every attempt  made bv the band to fire the station   had  ended  in  failure, and the Sioux were now preparing to storm the  fort.     It was hard for Bankers to. keep quiet in  the  car while the  agent  sold  his  life  bravely  and  so  dearly to the   Sioux,  but  there  were his wife and  baby and the helpless school ma'am  who had  been  persuaded by the Bankerses to  come  to this  wild  region, and he felt it his  duty to   protect  them  as  best he could.     Presently Bankers felt the stock car  vibrate perceptibly, as  though  it was  being rolled  slowly along the rails.     His first thought was that  the Indians were pushing the empty cars down near  the station, and that they would set fire to the straw,  and  then there would be no possible escape,     Now  there  was a roar as of an approaching train, and an  instant later a great dark object hove in sight drawing   a dozen box cars and running without a headlight,     The shouts of  the  besiegers,  the rattle of  rifles and the wild cry of tbe  night  prevented  the  Sioux from feeling the   vibration  or   hearing   the  sound of the approaching train,  The agent, who had beenjseverely   wounded,  now  crawled to the  key and called  Ogallala.     At  the  first attack he had wired for help, and  now he told  the operator there he aould hold   the  place  only  a  little while longer.'   The agent was still at the key  when the engine, rolling up to the station, shook the  building, and he knew the moment he felt the quiver  of it that help was at hand,     Instantly the doors of  the box cars csuifie open, and a  company of government scouts, all Pawnees except the officers, leaped  to the ground.     The Sioux were making their last  , desperate charge  upon the   station.     Before they  could realize that re-enforcements were at hand they  ���ii' ��� .%*���  WWlWWMIl'��IW��Wlli��l'*WWl.llt\iF^��|>W,^|li)|lll^|l<jl|nBJ)|<|����7m!|��W.I  j4iTCw!to"iiAk2 '������ ���\'~>3:-;:  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  a).  were beset by the scouts, who always fought to kill.  The battle was short and decisive, and when the  Sioux fled they left more than half their mumber  upon the field.  Probably the most anxious man in the whole  party was the conductor of the special train that had  brought the scouts from Ogallala. He had ridden  all the way on the locomotive, and the moment the  train stopped he had leaped to the ground and  gone through a shower of bullets to where the cottage  which had been the hoaie off he Bankerses had stood.  The bight of the house in ashes made him sick at  heart, but there was still hope. They might have  taken refuge in the station, and, facing about,  the fearless conductor fought his way to the door.  By this time the Sioux had given all their attention  to the scouts, and the conductor forced his body  through the shot riddled door. The agent lay  upon the floor in a pool of his own blood, but he  wa.B still alive. "Where are they ?" asked the  conductor, glancing about the dark room.  " Among the stock cars, if they are still alive,"  was the reply which came in a faint whisper. "I  saw them leaving the house at dusk. Go to them  ���I'm���I'm all right." And. the conductor, having  placed the wounded man upon his bed, made for the  stock cars.  " Bankers, where you ?" he called, and Bankers  answered, only two cars away. Now the' conductor  'lighted his white light and climbed into the car.  The brave Mrs. Bankers greeted him with a smile  that soon changed to tears, for in the light of the  hand lamp she had seen her baby's face, and it  looked like the face of a dead child. "Emma,"  she calied excitedly, but there was no answer. " Ig  she dead ?" cried the conductor, falling upon his  knees and holding the light close to his sweetheart's  face. "  "No, you chump," said Bankers. "She only  fainted when I killed this Sioux," and he gave the  dead Indian a kick and rolled him out of the car.  "But the baby ?" pleaded Mrs. Bankers.  " She's all right," said   the husband.     "Only   a.  . little too much paregoric."     And so it proved.  " Here, Em," said   Bankers,  shaking  the young  woman, who was regiining consciousness," brace tip.  You've got company."  "Are we al' safe ?" asked the school-ma'am, feeling for her back hair- ^ Oh, my dear, brave friend,  you have saved us all !"  "Yes, I've oeen," said Bankers, " hiding -here in  the straw while the agent was being murdered."  " But you saved the women," said the conductor,  who was overjoyed at finding all alive.  "Yes," said Bankers," that's something after all "  And all this is not a dream. It is only a. scrap of  history of the early days of the Union Pacific. The  brave station agent is an old man now, and one of  his legs is shorter than the other���the one that  was shot that night. The baby, having recovered  from her severe tussle with colic and paregoric, is  now one of the most charming women in a western  city. The conductor of the soldier train is at this  writing a general superintendent of a well known  railway. The suowb of 4.0 winters have fallen upon  his wife's hair, It is almost white, but her face is  still young and handsome, and I remember that she  blushed when telling this story to ma and recalling  the fact that she had fainted in a stock car on that  wild night at Wood River.  SHORT STORIES  The visit of Queen Victoria to Ireland brought  out not a little wit ; the example which follows  bears the twang of its own soil : The Queen's farewell letter to the Irish people was dated from the  .Vice-Regal Lodge, Dublin. Said a prominent  Irish Nationalist member of Parliament : " It was  the Regal Lodge for the time being; and indeed,  for many a day she h 8 knocked   the vice out of it."  The squire's son had just been ordained and was  to take thejnorning service in his native village.  He was a young man and very nervous. However,  he did his best, and returned to the vestry, having  accomplished the service to his own satisfaction.  "I think I got through the service without a mistake, John ?" he remarked to the old clerk, who  was helping him off with his surplice.  " It was first rate, Master Dick," said the old man,  with enthusiasm ; " I don't know as I" ever heard  it better done." After a pause he added : "But the  old parson, never gives us the evening service in the  morning."  Lord Blessington, the husband of the celebrated  couutess of Blessington, had a horror of a draft.  He was able���Count d'Orsay used to declare���to detect a current of air caused by the key being left  crossways in the keyhole of the door. He and his  wife and a youth were one day walking on the banks  of the Thames. The boy, skipping backward and.  forward, went several times dangerously close to the  edge of the bank.  "Take care ! Take care !" cried Lord Blessington,  exhibiting a degree of solicitude most unusual  where another person was concerned.  " For heaven's sake, mind what you are about,  boy, or you'll certainly fall into the river I"  After two or three repetitions of his alarm in this  fashion for the lad, Lady Blessington, losing  patience, said : " Oh, let the boy alone ; if he does  fail into the water he swims like a fish."  " Yes, yes," said his lordship, in injured tones,  " that's all very well ; but what about me ? I shall  catch my death of cold driving home in the carriage  with him."  V  John L, Sullivan is now officiating as traveling  salesman for an eastern distillery, Business is  bound to be good whether John sells much or not.  This story is told by a gentleman who has just  returned from a visit to the Atlantic coaBt, and who  dislikes nothing so much as to be asked questions :  " My little girl is very fond of sea shells," he said,  and, being in Atlantic City, 1 took advantage of  the opportunity to run down to the beach to see if I  could pick up a few. I was strolling along the  sand, gathering a few shells and pebbles, which I  placed in my handkerchief, when along came one of  those old idiots who ask questions with their mouths  which their eyes could answer. He smiled upon  me and said : ' Fine day, isn't it ? Are you gathering shell* ?' 'No 1' I snapped back, saying the first  thing that popped in my mind ; 'I'm'looking for a  set of false teeth I lost while in bathing.' He expressed bis sympathy, and then his fnce lit up as  his eye caught sight of a pink and white object on  the sand. ( Well, I cleolare ! Here they are now !'  he exclaimed, and, sure enough, he picked up a set  of false teeth lying right at his feet. I was too  surprised to do anything but grab them and put  them in my pocket. The funny part of it is that I  never had a tooth pulled in my life. I wonder  whom that false set belongs to ?" caaGscjcxnKseawKKv&rc  DMMtatl!  The Boxer group has-been bonded  through L. A. Thurston of Slocan,  for $40,000.  A big deal is pending by which  the Scoitish Canadian Mining company will he- provided with ample  funds to continue, on a large scaie,  work on the Rob Roy group.  Following are -he ore shipments  received at the Trail smelter for the  week ending March 9 a* reported  by the Trail Creek News :  Tons  Centre Star..  2226  War Eaale;....................... 743f  Iron Mask................  83f  B. C...  794  Ivanhoe ���.-.. ��� > ............. ���. 39  Bosun...  ........ .... 20  Corinth.....:... .................. 18-J  Monitor...;...... ..................... 32��  Sullivan.  89  Total.......  ............ 4046^  The shipment of ore from Slocan  Lake points, up to and. including  last week from Jan. 1, 1901. was :  Tons  Fr��m Bosun Landing  Bosun.......................'....;..; ISO  From New Denver  Hartney........................     100  From Silverton  Hewett......................     470  From Enter prise> Lai >"il ing "  Enterprise.. ........;...;..... ...V; 120  From Slocan City  Arlington.................     720  Two Friends....... ...........      40  Black Prince..................      60  Bondholder..................... - .50  Chapleau       15  Speculator........................      20  J.  \J l) d'l   I   t   ���   ���   M    *   t   ��    I   I   (  ���   ��   t  1   ���   M   I   ��   ���    I   ���   ��� 1    j      '   tJ  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  A 100-ton shipment of Alpha  ore is now being got   ready.  For the week ending March 16  the matte shipped from the Trail  smelter wan 187? tons. The  bullion amounted to 113 tons.  Ore is being raw hided down  from (he Reco to Sandon, the showing in the mine beiny; hetter than  ever before, although, the Silver-  Ionian savs, the yracU; i^ not as  good as the usual run of Reco ore,  which is phet oajonally high.  Speaking of the B. C. mine re-'  cently Manager Parrish said that  it never looked better. The work  of development is being pu-hed  vigorously ; something over 100 men  being employed and anout 100 tons  of rich ore is being sent to Trail  smelter every day. A large plant  is needed and will be put. in before  long, but until then there will;.bet  no increase in the amount of shipments. The main shaft is now  down to the 422-foot level and  "crosscutting is in progress at a  depth of 400 feet.;  Notice to Delinpuent Co-Owner.  To Hiram S. Sweet, or to any person or persons to whom he may have transferred his  Interest in the Montana mineral claim sit-  iiated-about three miles north from Ores-  ton, and recorde'd in the Recorder's Office for  ; the Goat River Mining Division :��� ^     ' :  ^ou are hereby notified-that we have expended four hundred dollars'in labour and  improvements in order to hold said mineral  claim under the provisions of the Mineral  Act, and if within ninety days from the date  of this notice you fail or refuse to contribute  your proportion of such expenditure together  with all cost of advertising, your interest in  said claim will become the property of tlie  subscribers, under sectional of an Act entitled  an Act to amend the Mineral A.t, Hiuu.  Dated this 31st day of December, 1900.  John F. Wilson.,  JennibE.SJpaulping,  Tan 2-1 By her attorney in fact  WAiMUBL  LOVATT  ! &3  NOWIS THETIME  ?i^ FALL AND WINTER SUITS  F     1    StffeilliSF    MANAQER FOR E. SKINNER,  H ���   Vt��   <y^��HJIBB>>H-j   Announces Large Importations  of  Scotch and  Irish SERGES, TWEEDS, WORSTEDS AND  TROUSERINGS.  THE OLD STAND, BAKER STREET  J. E. ANNABLE  GENERAL BROKER  One seven-roomed house and  one three-room house  for rent,  Three dwelling houses for sale on easy terms.  One Lot on   Stanley   street,  opposite Royal qpc  AMMAR1I F  Hotel, for sale at a bargain, ��JCI- HIiliHPlL  KOOTENAY . .  . .  COFEEE GO.  Goflee Roasters  Dea,ere in Tea and Coffe  . We are offering at lowest prices tlie best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas   Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  pound $   -10  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. .... J. 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds   I 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  1 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds ............. 1 00  .Special Blend Ceylon rea, per p->und.     a0  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY CoTfEE GO.  Telephone 177.  .P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON  Vancouver and kelson  VICTOR A STREET  Wear Phair Hotel MELSGM,    &��� �����/  AND      QAf  m  On A11 Trail is from.  REVEfSTOKE AND KOOTENAY LANDING  ' ���ALSO���  TOURIST    CARS  Passing Dunmore Junction daily I'ov St. Paul  Saturdays for Montreal and Boston, Mondays  and Wednesdays for Toronto.  Same cars pass Ltevelsfoke one day earlier.,  A PO  For your F,nsl,orn trip  is to  SEE THAT YOUR TICKET READS VIA CANADIAN PACIflC  TRAINS AND STEAMERS  dei'AUt )    Stoainor lV.ir Kootonay I,andinin,  5.00       -and Kastorn   points,  via   Crow's  daily    j NohI, routo,  8.00      I    Train for Uosslancl, Grand Forks,  MX. sun, \ Uruonwood, JYl Id way, etc,  0.00      j    Train   Cor   Slocan   City, Slocan  wx sun, j points, anil Sandon,  1.0.00    )    Stoaincr for Kaslo and  Inl.onno-  iiLV.SifN, j ill a to points.  iu<m ) '���I'l'Ul" ''01' UosHland, NnktiHp,  ..,;" Hlovolstoke, Mulnn 1'jlnu and Pa-  ,)A���    frelJlu Coast points,  For time-ha bios, niton and lull Information  call on or acldrosN nearest local agont, or  It, W, Dhwvv, UopotAtfonl., j w���u,in  n ,.  H, U llitowN,Clty Att'bul.,   j NoLson, n,< .  ��. J, Coylc,  A, CI. P. A^ont, Vaneonvor, B. ('���  V-  >V'  I :-<��"��F"MWtmm'Wm:Wi uwawmm ������������[������[ rr::-:::,.l^:Z^^.i.lL^U.^iMH^mmem  mm  mmmmmmmmm.


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