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The Nelson Economist Apr 24, 1901

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 ^MlWVPiL.lLUL. II ..  VOI,. IV.  NELSON, B. C, WEDNESDAY, APRIL. 24, 1901.  NO. 41  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription: $2.00 per annum ; IF PAID IN ADVANCE, jSr.50. CORRESPONDENCE OF GENERAL INTEREST RESPECTFULLY  SOLICITED. ONLY ARTICLES OF MERIT WILL BE  ADVERTISED IN THE'SE COLUMNS, AND THE IN  TERESTS OF READERS WILL BE CAREFULLY  GUARDED AGAINST IRRESPONSIBLE PERSONS AND  WORTHLESS ARTICLES.  IT is like'y that the crisis which is said to have  set in at Victoria, exists only in. the minds of the  newspaper correspondents. - There may be defections  from the ranks of��the Government, but the composition of the party in power was not of a character  to inspire faith-that it. would remain intact for  any length of time. Indeed, it is strange that the  great majority held together so long. However,  j the Government can afford to lose half-a-dozen  supporters, and still have a good working majority.  Of the members mentioned as having kicked over  the traces, not one, is likely to form an alliance" with  the Opposition. They were ail elected on a platform of opposition to Joseph Martin, and would  scarcely face the disapproval of their constituents '  by going over body and soul to that gentleman. As  for forming a cimbinadon with Smith Curtis, it is  not likely the idea ever entered the head of one of  the dissidents. Curtis has developed all the symptoms of a trimmer, and his methods, both in the  House and out of it, nave not been of the character  to gain a following sufficient to control the House.  The only danger the Government may fear is the  possibility of Mr. Dunsmuir resigning. He has al-  ready achieved that for which most men go into  politics���wealth���and it would not be surprising if  that gentleman would suddenly take into his head  to abandon politics and devote his attention exclusively to his own private interests* In the meantime, there is very little danger of the Government  falling, simply because a few men appear disposed  to place their own private interests before the interests of the country as a whole.  The evidence given before the Chinese Commission at Nanaimo is purely a repetition of what  was adduced at Victoria. It was shown that dozens  of white people were walking the streets, having been  crowded out of work by the Celestials. This condition of affairs applies to every branch of industry.  A correspondent of the Outlook points out  wherein the Chinese Commission overlooked a very  important matter in connection with the investigation,     lie says :   t% Now that the  Chinese problem  is before the public, it might be interesting, and instructive, to our community, to know how many  Chinese have been proved to be lepers in Victoria,  and in what business toey have been "engaged.  Also how many have been found in the province,  and how many among the Chinese in the Dominion.  It might, also, be well to find out what steps, if  any, are taken by the authorities to find out or discover Chinese afflicted with this disease. It would  be interesting, I think,'to the public, to know what  chances there are of this disease spreading through  contact with those afflicted, before the symptoms  have sufficiently developed to lead to its discovery.  I would like to. know if it is true that one of ..the  lepers on Darcey Island was not first discovered  working in a tailor's shop, and if one did not escape  from Darcey Island. I think the Commission  ought to have medical and other evidence on this  head.'1 ':" :��� /'^Vs "'V  Dr. Fagan has made his report upon the proceedings of the Tuberculosis Convention recently held  at Ottawa. The document is of more than ordinary interest, showing as it does, the vast number  of death's due to this disease. Perhaps, what will  be of most local interest, is the suggestion of Dr.  Fagan that the government should build sanitoriums  for the treatment of incipient cases, and also for advanced cases, and he thinks the two should be kept  apart, for  reasons that are obvious.  The Mining Journal of London, says there is every  evidence that the mineral wealth of Spain is at the  present moment attracting considerable attention in  Great Britain.  Here is a very pretty tale, told by the Victoria  Colonist, that you may believe, if you like. As not  very many Colonist readers, probably, have entertained a king of the United Kingdom at dinner, we  suppose that none of them can cast any light upon  the matter. This is tho tale : When the King is  invited to dinner there is only one ringer bowl, and  he has it, The reason why the other guests are not  provided with these useful appurtenances to a dining  table, is for fear that in drinking the toast, "The  King," they might pass their glasses over the finger  bowl, and thereby signify that while ostensibly  drinking to His Majesty, they were in point of fact  drinking the u The King across the water." One  night have supposed that this danger of high treason  might have been avoided by not setting out the finger  bowls until after the health of the king had been  drunk, but this either never occurred to the hosts of  ��>��� * .7ET*-    >�������    11.  - "'ii.~"'k'i.'Z** 1^ .   -i     tiit  ^^iwwww^1'  ��� I xsuifflESS*��sufflsa<*��t cgiAMSggaimi!  Bl��s!^,jsas����*��soKKMrwBMBa��,3ES^^ ,  I  ifl  ki'~ ���'  jj.",.  ii-'  !'������  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  the kings in the time of the Pretender, or else to the  Ingenious fellow who got up the story. We fear the  tale must be relegated to the class wherein is located  the alleged toast of the Cavaliers, " God send the  crumb well down."  The Investor, of Boston, prints a table giving, by  decades, the copper production of the world, in which  it is shown that during the decade ended 1810 the  world's copper production was 91,000 tons, and that  during the ten years ended with the 1900 it had increased to 3,619,905 tons. The wonder in the mind  of the Investor is not so much at the increased production during the century, as that the last ten  years of it should show an increase of 63 per cent,  over that of the preceding ten years. It is that  fact which set the Investor thinking. Basing itself  upon this increase of 63 per cent, during the period  just mentioned, the Investor gets to work at an  arithmetical progressional problem covering the  twentieth century, by which it shows that if the  world's copper production goes on increasing every  future ten years in the same ratio that it did during  the several decades of the last century, the world  will have, during the last year of the year 2000, a  copper production of 39,802,319 tons.  The Victoria Times is publishing a series of interesting 'articles on the " Resources of British  Columbia.".  The city council acted wisely in ordering the removal of boxes from Baker street. It might go a  little further, however, and request the chief of police  to see to it that deposits of clay taken from excavations are removed from the streets. By the way,  would it not be a wise move to add the title of street  inspector to that of street foreman ?  Chas. H. Lugrin, editor of the Victoria Colonist,  has made the announcement that he is not one of  the capitalists interested in promoting the welfare of  theV. V. &E.  The power to sell is a gift, remarks an exchange.  It cannot be required in full any more than can the  power to write poetry or to bean admitted genius.  The belief that anyone who would apply himself  can become a salesman is a grievous error. ' There  are many who have an ambition to be a salepman ;  who make extra exertions to increase sales; who  strive in every way to advance sales, but fail, Beside  them is a man in the same store, offering the same  goods at the same prices, under the influence of the  same surroundings, who does not make near the  effort to sell, but who sells ; who succeeds. The  man who succeeds is no more talented than the one  who fails, except in that one talent of the power to  sell goods. This may be accounted for, Certainly  it may and will be when someone divines the power  to explain those hidden powers peculiarly fitting  one man for one position and another for a different  position.     The man is not yet born who is  talented  to explain the talents and their force or source.  President J. J. Hill, of the Great Northern has  been on the Coast. There is much speculation as  to the object of the visit. Mr. Hill has not been  over the Pacific divisions of his road since last  October, a longer absence than usual, and his trip  may be merely for the purpose of looking over the  situation and determining a policy for the road  in the Northwest. However, it is intimated that  ' the present visit will be one t)f more than ordinary,  moment to all parts of the Northwest and is partly  in connection with the proposed line between Seattle  and Portland by way of Tacoma. It is just possible  Mr. Hill has been conferring with his paid agents at  Victoria with regard to the charters he is trying to  get for railway lines in British Columbia.  The manner in which the census is being taken  is severely criticized by Eastern newspapers. The  information secured is said to be utterly useless  from an authoritative standpoint.  Harry Furniss, the English cartoonist, has been  having some fun with Canadians in his lectures delivered in the Old Country. If Mr. Furniss creates  as much, amusement for his English audiences as his  mannerisms did for Canadians, everyone should be  satisfied.  The body of Abraham Lincoln will be removed  from the temporary vault in which it has been rest-  ting at Springfield, 111., to the crypt in the new  monument which the Government of the United  States is erecting in honor of the " Martyr President."  A leading British Indian newspaper draws  attention to the possibilities of developing that country in a great iron producing centre. There are  great stories of the very purest ores such as hematite  in the Jubbalpore and Chanda districts, excavation  is cheap, while limestone and charcoal can be had  in abundance and at ridicuously low prices. In addition to all these favorable circumstances, skilled  labor can be had at about a dollar a week. How is  it, therefore, that it does jiot pay to start iron works.  in British India ? In the first place, the Government in London has control of all civil engineering  works in the country, and consequently the orders  for structural iron for bridges, etc, and for steel  rails go to firms in England. Secondly, the Indian  government will not grant long leases for the mining  lands. Many years agothe government would only  give one-year leases to iron smelters, and it was only  after much agit'ation that they could be induced to  grant twenty-year lea'ses. This was in 1.886, but as  yet no new smelting works have been started.  Capitalists wanted and still want at least a forty-year  lease, and it is  not probable that any development  ���<.a ;*.',' \j. A;_. *'.;'���;-;,'  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  5  will take place until their desires are acceded to. It  is certainly to be regretted that while the inhabitants  of a great country like British India are either  starving or living on rice, the resources should be  permitted to remain dormant. But there are other  countries besides India suffering from lack of development���British Columbia for instance.  A correspondent asks The Economist if it would  not be a good thing to have competition in the  districts where Mr. Hill proposes to build his railways. ^ Our correspondent overlooks the fact that  Mr. Hill is not building competing lines, but in  both cases where he is asking for charters, he would  have an absolute monopoly. If Mr. Hill builds,  theC. P. R. is not likely to parallel his lines. When  it comes to a question of monopoly in railways,  would it not be wiser to confer favors on a Canadian  enterprise with all its interests at stake in this coun-  try, than place ourselves at the mercy of an alien  syndicate who care only for what they can make  out of us, and abandon whenever it suits their purpose.  The city council of Sar-don has decided to forego  the luxury of a separate chief of police and chief of  fire brigade, as municipal ornaments, and hereafter  both offices will be combined in one. It is suggested  that Sandon could get along very well without a  mayor, or the whole city council for that matter.  Col. Steele, of the Strathcona Horse, emphatically denies the report that Lord Strathcona  had given him $25,000 as a mark of his appreciation  of the manner in which he led his regiment.  This Province has quite enough of Jim HilPs ragtime railways in the specimen supplied by the  sloppy road from here to Spokane. Another such  line would endanger the lives of the people, and  should be quarantined just she same as smallpox or  any other scourge.  Wm. McCreary, M. P., says the Doukhobors, are  a desirable class of immigrants. Hitherto Billy  McCreary has not been regarded as a humorist.  The examination for assayers in Nelson has revealed the fact that one of the largest assay supply  houses in Canada is located here in this city. The  examiners were surprised to find that F. W, Teetzel  <& Oo. carried a line of assay goods greater in variety  than could be found elsewhere in British Columbia.  This only demonstrates the fact that being situated  in the centre of the greatest mining district in tbe  world, Mr. Teetzel finds it profitable to be in a position to supply all requirements in the assaying line.  Thk citizens of Viotoria are going the right way in  developing patriotism. There they have a Veterans'  Association, a branch of the "British Empire League"  and other associations, all of which are intended to  perpetuate the glory of Canada and at the same  time keep the fires of patriotism constantly burning.  At a recent meeting of the Veterans' Association,  Mr. W.H. Cullin read an^nteresting paper, recounting the deeds of the Ninetieth, of Winnipeg, in the  Northwest rebellion. Mr. Cullin was staff-sergeant  of that corps, and his reminiscences were based on  actual participation in the events related. The  paper read by Mr. Cullin was printed in the Colonist  and will be preserved as a most interesting contribution to Canadian history. At a meeting of the  British Empire League one night last week, M. C.  Lugrin, editor of the Colonist, read a paper on "The  United Empire Loyalist." Mr. Lugrin has made  a special; study, of history, and his paper before the  British Empire League was interesting, not only  from its superior literary style, but also on account  of its historical authenticity. We merely mention  these matters as showing the tendency among Canadians to perpetuate the history of their country.  Would it not be well for the citizens of Nelson to  make a move in this direction ?  Nelson city council is  not the  only body  of  the  kind that is brought face to face  with an unwieldy,  overdraft.     Ottawa city is in the same fix,  and the  mayor and council of the  Federal  capital are  now  pursuing a policy of retrenchment and reform.  The policemen of Montreal have a "club," but not  for use on the heads of delinquents, as some might  suppose. Its chief object is to coerce the police  commissioners, but so far it is not recorded as having  accomplished much in the direction intended.  It should be regarded as a tribute to the worth of  Dr. Sinclair, of Rossland, that nearly every paper in  this province has endorsed his claim on a seat in the  Senate, should another seat be given to British  Columbia, after the present census enumeration.  To J. A. Gilker belongs the credit of being the  first to remove his sign from Baker street.  Things are coming to a pretty pass when cowardly  ruffians like Talbot of the Dominion House are per-  mitted to assault such men as Hon. Clarke Wallace.  The B, 0. Trade Budget haB the following:  " Several commercial travellers who have returned  from the Kootenays this week report trade very dull  from various reasons. In Rossland the merchants  are nervous owing to the supposed labor crisis in that  city. In the Slocan country questions effecting the  lead ore treatment are given as an excuse for caution  amongst the retail trade. Business is also very dull  in the Boundary country."  The Kootenay Mail says Nelson is the most enterprising city in the Province. That's what they all  say.  ;,-���'/���"������������.���' V-,V*  r'S;s':%< I  4ti'M ���itowy^^afy-jy^h-Tiwaa^ajj^ ti*t mstt'i t.  u*s��vr^j^*,����S*w*&*aiesrtWGs;  0 A. 4  Ml  i  6  -H<  3  .BT  IP  iv^yJ  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  The terrible old lady, the Dowager Empress, has  ordered  an  appalling  number of suicides.     It is  assumed in   the   case of  Prince   Chwang that   the  Emperor will order the suicide  because of his  importance and because the  powers are  interested  in  him.     The Dowager, however,  receives  their  messages, and is really the one who decides what action  shall be taken.     It is a  curious  fact that the  Dowager   is    now   ordering    the suicide   of leading  Boxers, whereas, a few months ago, she was promoting the suicide of those   who  failed to carry   the  Boxer movement to success.     On the road to  Sian  Fu during the flight of the court,   the  Dowager  degraded one of her officials  and ordered  him not  to  follow the court.     Some weeks after  the arrival of  the royal party at the present capital, this official,  whose offense  had been a comparatively small   one,  thought that she had probably forgotten   all  about  it and so he went on to Sian Fu and appeared in his  usual place.     When the Dowager saw him she exclaimed in a tone of surprise :     "What  are you  alive yet ?"     The old official went off in a corner at  once and drank the contents of a bottle of  poison  that he carried with him.  There is a windmill in London perched high up  on a timber tower erected on a top of a building on  the City road, not far outside the old " City"  boundary. It has a scale of thirty feet diameter,  and is quite a big affair when one climbs to the top  of the tower. But what I specially wanted to note  was the fact that this windmill is lighting the  premises over which it stands.  Its upright shaft, which comes down from the mill,  drives a horizontal shaft which carries a large belt  pulley, and by this large pulley is driven a small  dynamo. The dynamo generates a current which  charges a battery of accumulator cells, and these in  turn " drive" the lamps, At times, when the wind  is low, the speed falls below what is proper for  charging the secondary battery. To prevent this  being charged at such low speed there is a cutout  held in by a magnet and kept out by a coiled spring,  When the magnet is weak the current is cut off  from the accumulators, but when the dynamo is  running at a fair speed the magnet is strong and  pulls the switch into contact and the charging proceeds. The mill will run and charge all night and  all day.     If quiet weather it runs much of its  time  slowly, and therefore uselessly, but it also runs the  night through, and I suppose would on an average  do eight hours work in twenty-four.  IF John  Wesley could  arise from  his  grave, he  would no doubt stand aghast at the great changes  that have taken place in the Methodist  religion  in recent years.    In John's time  no  self-respecting  Methodist would smoke,  but  not only  do  many of  the lay members   of that church steady their nerves  with an occasional whiff of the  pipe,  but even  one  of the parsons has been caught  red-handed  in  the  act.     The guilty man is Rev.   W. W.  Baer of the  Victoria district, and his breach of the doctrines of the  church has been discussed before the   clerical court.  However, it has been shown that  Parson Baer  has  been smoking under doctor's orders,  and he is  still  permitted to exercise his ministerial functions.   Still  to an orthodox Methodist like myself  there is something  terrible  in the contemplation  of a smoking  parson.  The lover of novelty will have his curoisity  gratified in examining a rare work now in possession  of Mr. R. W. Day. It is a book of one hundred  pages, made up of extracts from various authors,  illuminated in rare colors, all of which was done by  hand. The author of this work was an uncle of  Mr. Day, Capt. Barry George, of Dublin. As an  heirloom it is highly valued by Mr. Day, who has  refused $700 for it. From an artistic point of view  of value cannot be computed.  The goldseekers of  both  America  and  Australia  have a singular but well grounded  superstition that  the discovers of hidden  treasures are  sure to  meet  with violent deaths.     The original  proprietors  of  between thirty-five and forty of the most prosperous  gold and  silver   mines in the  U.S. are  known to  have come to  just  such ends.     Out of the forty or  less twelve were shot or stabbed to death  in saloon  or other broils, five committed  suicide, three  were  engulfed  by  landslides,   five turned murderers   or  robbers and were caught  and  executed  in  various  ways, one fell into a boiling spring and had the flesh  literally   stewed  from   his  bones, while the others  disappeared and  no one knows whatever  became of  them.  George H. Fryer, once the millionaire proprietor  of the Fryer Hill mine, committed suicide in Denver  after spending the last nickel between himself and  starvation. The discoverer of the great Standard  mine, in California, was caught and swallowed up in  an avalanche ; Colonel Story was killed by Indians;  William Fairweather, of the famous Alder Gulch  mine, died with the "frenzied horrors" after a continuous two years' debauch. " Farewell, of Meadow  Lake," died with a terrible diseasein a San Francisco  hospital. The owner of that great mine, the Home-  stake, became a highwayman, and was shot while  rohbing a stage coach. John Homer tried the same  route that Fryer went. "Doughnut Bill," "Nine-  mile Clarke," " Old Eureka" and many others were  killed in saloons.  The usages of society are sometimes difficult of  comprehension. A few years ago, in an Eastern  town, two young girls grew up together as schoolmates. After leaving school, both girls learned the  dressmaking trade. One left home, and contracted  a rather fortunate marriage ir the West, and afterwards became a society leader. The other remained  at home, pursuing her chosen avocation, and incidentally looking after the wants of an invalid  father. Within the past vear the father died, and  the woman, now grown prematurely old through  overwork, decided to come West. Lacking confidence in her own powers to make her way successfully among strangers, she decided to hunt up her  friend in the West, believing she would be received  with open arms. She arrived on the evening boat  and soon located the house of her old friend? She  rung the bell and was received by the servant, who  inquired her name, and at once informed the miss-  tress of the house, Now, does the reader imagine  that the mistress ran to greet her old friend. If so,  the reader is mistaken. The once dressmaker, now  ,in society, coolly informed the servant that she had  never heard of such a person before, and had no  desire to extend her circle of acquaintances. Of  course   society   may say  that changed conditions  "' sr^TSM/'jV.Tr!."*! ".'i ^fN|W^1JIH,.jy����l<��;fcMJ 1,*MW'.ttBW.--'lw*i*!!���!!��� (Atw.iilf ���tv,uu,<i*pti-'**.<t.  .>.1^-��n^,**��wv'*v�� i*Mfc��|K.��vllfc%.'��<i��M'  W  M^inft^��^,^*w"*',*^*^W*W*W^^��^V^*1Mr^*W#*^'��.^<*ta^lii**<i��.1i  mmm mtsaaminrimmTimmmmim  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  justified this course,  that  the visitor  should  have  realized   the   significance   of the change,   and   not  placed herself  in a   position to  suffer  humiliation.  But, this womati grew up to middle  ag�� in a place  where the fine distinctions of society were unknown,  and could not be expected to  know what a wonderful metamorphosis a few   years with  polite associations will accomplish. And last of all, was it human  nature ?  Preparation is as essential to success in mercantile  pursuits, as in what are commonly called the professions. In the latter, he who would achieve success must learn to be methodical ; hapazard attendance upon lectures, or desultory study will not  avail much, however well endowed the young  aspirant for distinction may be with natural abilities.  The man who is a student at college, and studies in  a slip-shod manner, without plan or system  vigorously adhered to, is always a failure. In the  hot rush of the race for supremacy in commercial  life, he will " stay" longest and win most prizes, who  has been abie to control his ambition, and to devote,  in quiet, painstaking work from day to day, some  years in a well ordered store. The griefs, heart  burnings and losses so, of ten experienced by the tyro,  are always traceable to the want of previous training. How many young men of good habits, respected  in their community, and by no means fools, make  an utter failure when started in trade by some kind-  hearted aunt or other relative, for the want of that  special training in the minutiae business, familiarity  with which is always present in the case of the successful tradesman. Such a man may, it is truey  have the services and advice of some experienced  clerk or^partner and make a great success, but, in  the majority of cases, this is the exception.  One of the most glaring faults in our national  character is, perhaps, our lack of thoroughness, our  impatience at matters of details, our over eagerness  to " get there," resulting in our "giving hostages to  fortune," or, as the blunt Saxon proverb has it,  "eating the calf in the cow's   belly."  In commercial life, as well as in any other department of human activity, the prizes will fall to  patient industry and courageous pertincity, rather  than to meteor-like brilliancy and evanescent  energy. iEsop's fable of the hare and the tortose is  being well illustrated in the career of almost every  man with whom we come in contact from day to  day. :  After abusing every paper that raised its voice in  the safe-guarding of the British Columbia smelting  industry the Toronto Telegram now says the contract  which the Crow's Nest Southern has been forced into  is the best ever made in Canada.  On the great Siberian railway the first and second  class cars are luxuriously uphoistered, and, by a  curious contrivance, the upper bed turns over and  becomes, not ���' a chest of drawers," but the back of  the seat by day, The only real lack of a Siberian  railway is suitable lavatory accommodations, The  little toilet-room is often a wretched, filthy closet,  with a single wash-basin and a very limited supply  7 of water, and it answers for all, men and women  alike, This fault is shared in many Siberian hotels  and steamboats. The one cramped and dirty spot  is the wash-room (for many hotels have a common  lavatory, and no water is brought to the room), and  the one scarce article is fresh, cold water. Beer,  wine, vodka, tea, especially tea, flow freely, but to  order a glass of water to drink, or a basin of water,  much more a tub of water for a bath, creates a commotion, and the water desired is often unattainable,  except after strenuous effort. A Siberian writer remarks, naively, that "Englishmen have the bad  habit of washing themselves all over every day. As  a consequences of this habit, their bodies emit an  unpleasant odor."  The Province of Ontario in past years gained an  enviable reputation for its excellent administration  of justice. Life and property were properly safeguarded, and the natives of Ontario, when on the  American side, always boasted that the chances of  the lawbreaker evading justice in his Province  were very slim indeed. Things appear to have  changed. Only the other day, four men charged with  murder at the Brockville assizes, were acquitted, notwithstanding the fact that the evidence clearly connected three of the accused men with the crime. No  greater miscarriage of justice has ever taken place  in Canada, and it is little wonder the citizens of the  place in which the murdered lived man are indignant at the verdict of the jury.  I have often referred to the the taste displayed by  Nelson merchants in dressing their windows. It  seems that I am not the inly person; who has been  impressed with this enterprise on the part of the  local dealers. In conversation with a dry goods  traveler from the East the other night, I was informed that in his trip from Toronto to Nelson, he  had not seen any window which compared with tha t  of .Fred Irvine & Co., both for design and quali ty of  goods displayed.  Prof. Payne, the hypnotist, begins a three-nights'  engagement at the Opera House to-morrow evening.  Many complaints are made of the way in which  the medical health officer at Phoenix is said to perform his duty. The complaints are not that he  neglects his duty, but that he is altogether too thrifty  The glove contest between Burns and Goff will  take place in Nelson on the evening of May 10.  The windstorm of Wednesday succeeded in creating  more ways of entering the recreation grounds than  the men who placed the fence around it ever contemplated,  Mr. E. W. Matthews will have the sympathy of a  large circle of friends in the death of his wife, which  occurred a few days ago at Winnipeg. Deceased was  a daughter of the late Alex. Logan, at one time mayor  of the city  of Winnipeg. P. G.  Messrs, Lee & Burnett will open as green grocers  in the Madden Block May 1. Both gentlemen have  been employed with Kirkpatrick <k Wilson and will  begin business with a good connection,  Mayor Pitts of Sandon will try his luck in the  Similkameen country.  Commencing May 2 from Owen Sound and May 5  from Fort William, the C. P, R. upper lake steamers  will resume regular trips on previous schedule. From Owen Sound, ss. Alberta, Tuesday ; ss,  Athabasca Thursday ; ss. Manitoba, Sunday. From  Fort William, Athabasca, Sunday ; Manitoba, Tuesday, Alberta, Friday.  V.'^  mgmmmmmmmmmmmSKKKim  wmmmmmm IP.  The Little Gold Nugget.  I  P  i��  JOHN ARCHER decided that the nugget would  be safer in his little daughter's keeping than in  his own.  "You must take great care of it darling," said  John Archer. '* It is for your mother." And Effie  stowed the little nugget away in a corner of the old  workbox which had been her mother's under the  cotton and socks she was darning for her father. She  felt duly weighted with the responsibility. She  knew that this yellow earth was of great value, for  her father, leaving her mother, who was very delicate,  with some friends in Brisbane, had come a long,  weary way to find it.  Having hidden the little nugget away, Effie came  out of the hut to look around and see if any one was  near who might have seen her. No. No one was  near who might have seen her, only Billy, the black  ���King Billy, the aboriginal monarch, who loved  rum and tobacco and who was chopping some firewood for her.  This little girl's reason for trusting King Billy,  the black, was somewhat strange and is worthy of  being recorded. She trusted him because she had  been kind to him.  But Effie was only 12.  As the child stood in the broad light, her tumbled  bay hued hair kissed and illumined by the bold  rays of the sun and her round, trustful blue eyes  shaded from the glare by two little brown hands,  watching King Billy at his work, a flock of laughing jackasses alighted in a neighboring gum tree and  set up a demoniac cachinnation. What made the  ill omened birds so madly merry ? What was the  joke? Effie's trust? Billy's gratitude? They  failed to explain, but their amusement was huge  and sardonic.  " Drive them away, Billy," cried Effie, and the  obedient king dropped his axe and threw a faggot of  wood at the tree, which stopped the laughter and  dispersed the merrymakers.  " Billy tired now,"said the black grinning. "Too  much work-���plenty wood," and he pointed to the result of  his labor.  " Ye��, that will be enough, thank you. You're a  good boy,     I'll give you some tobacco."  "Billy's thirsty."  '���'*! Then you shall have some tea."  "No tea.     Rum,"  " No, Billy,   Rum isn't good for you"  "Good for miners ;   good for Billy."  "No, it's not good for miners," said Effie emphatically. " It makes them fight and say wicked  things."  " Makes black fellow feel good," declared Billy  rolling his dusky eyes.  ThiB last argument was effective. Effie went into  her hut���her father had returned to his work���and  poured a little spirits from John Archer's flask into  a pannikin. Billy drank the spirits with rolling  eyes, smacked his lips and then lay down in the  shadow of the hut to sleep.  The long afternoon passed very slowly for Effie.  Her few trifling duties as housekeeper were soon  done. The little house was tidied and the simple  evening meal prepared and some hours must pass before her father returned, How could she pass the  time? She had only two books���a Bible and a  volume of stories for little girls, which she had won  as a prize at school in Brisbane. But she was too  young to appreciate the first, especially as the type  was very small and it was difficult reading, and  she had grown beyond   appreciating the stories  for  little girls, having known them by heart three years  before. She would like to have slept. Everything  around her suggested and invited the siesta���the  steady heat, the brightness of the light without the  hut, the distant murmur of miners' voices which  came from beyond yonder belt of wattle gums, the  monotonous hum of the locusts in the forest, the  occasionally fretful cry of a strange bird and the  regular snores of the fallen king, who slumbered in  the shade of the hut. Even the buzz of the annoying flies assisted the general ��ffect and brought  drowsiness.  To remain still for a few minutes would have  meant inevitably falling asleep. Effie felt this and  remembered the little gold nugget. If she slept,  some thief might come and take it. And so she put  on her hat and, forsaking the seductive cool and  shade of the hut, went out into the brightness and  heat.  Archer's hut stood oh the edge of the valley, over  against the foot of the blue, heavily timbered hills.  About 50 yards distant from it, hidden among the  trees, was a high moss grown rock, at the base of  which Effie had discovered the smallest and sweetest  of natural springs. Thither the child ran���looking  back often to see that no one approached the hut in  her absence-���to bathe her face. In a few minutes  she returned, drying her face-in her apron and shaking her wet hair in the sun. No one had come,  but King Billy was now awake and was slouching  off toward the bush. Effie laughed as she saw him,  his great head bent forward and his thin, harrow  shoulders bowed. She laughed to think of bis  laziness and that he should look so tired after suchTa  very little wood chopping.  She was still laughing at King Billy as she opened  the old workbox to take another peep at the yellow  treasure and to make quite sure that the heat hadn't  melted it away. And it was quite slowly that the  laugh died from her pretty eyes and mouth���quite  slowly because of the moments it took to realize and  accept>a misfortune so terrible���when she lifted the  coarse seeks and looked and saw no little gold nugget,  saw nothing. Then horror and great fear grew in  the blue eyes, and pale agony crept over the childish  face and made it old, and the poor little heart seemed  to stop beating. ;  Effie said nothing and made no cry, but she  closed her eyrs tightly for a moment and looked in  the box again. No, it was no illusion. The little  nugget was not there. The first gold her father had  found, which had been intrusted to her care, which  was to have been taken to her mother���it was gone.  She put down the box quite quietly and walked out  into the day, But the sun was shining very strangely  and mistily now, and the blue sky had grown black,  and the trees seemed to move weirdly, and the  locusts had ceased humming from fear, but the  strange bird was somewhat near, shrieking brokenly:  " What will father say ?   What will father say?"  But as the child stood there despairing her sightgrew  clearer, and Bhe saw a black figure among the trees,  and she was conscious of a pair of dusky eyes watching her through the leaves. Then only she remembered, and she knew who had done this cruel thing.  King Billy 1 And she had been kind to him. Effie  suddenly burst into passionate sobbing. The black  figure still hovered among the trees, often changing  its position, and the dusky eyes Htill peered through  the leaves. And the laughing jackasses flew down-  to the old tree again and laughed more madly than  before���laughed at Effie's trust, at Billy's'gratitude 1  (V.  '^VtltisiA'Ifc  vjB��A'��M".i!*'i..;(iit.'��a..v tM;V > Wi. iJM.��   'i'. iiifTimniinmiiniiiii  imuimTiaj  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  *  * * * * * *  It was 10 o'clock, and darkness and quiet reigned  in John Archer's hut. Over among the tents behind the wattle gums a few gamblers and heavy  drinkers were still awake, and their voices, raised  in anger or ribald 'merriment, might occasionally  have been faintly heard from the hut. But Archer,  who had sown his wild oats, was a true worker,  and he had his little daughter, for whose sake he  had built the but away from the noisy camp.  Archer had come home late and weary, as usual,  had eaten his supper and gone to rest without to Effie's  intense relief, speaking of the little gold nugget.  The child was afraid to speak of the loss, and she  was not without vague hopes that a beneficent  Providence would restore the nugget during the  darkness and save   her from this great trouble.  For this she prayed very earnestly before she lay  down to sleep. - Or. did she sleep at  all that night ? She never quite knew.  But she thinks that it was then that she  first experienced that terrible purgatorial condition  which is neither wakefulness nor sleep when the body  and mind are weary enough to bring the profound  sleep which they require, but which the brain is to,  overladen and too cruelly active ti allow, when  dreams seem realities and realities dreams. It must  have been a dream when she saw something small  and yellow float through the tiny window on the  ghostly silver moonbeams. And yet when, having  closed her eyes, she opened them again it was still  there, hovering about in the darkness, less bright  now and with a pale yellow halo. But it faded  quite away.     It was a cruel, mocking dream.  Then was it a dream when the old curtain which  divided her corner of the hut from her father's  moved < near the gound, bulged slightly toward her ?  It would be curious to see, and she l&y still. From  under the curtain came a thin arm and slowly,  cautiously, after the ' arm seemed to come a head,  with a great shock of hair. And the moonbeams just touched a face. I think it kissed it,  though it was black, for they found in a black  hand the little yellow object which had floated  in the first dream.  It was all so real, so beautiful, that the child lay  still, scarce daring to breathe lest the vision should  melt away, and when in her dream came the voice of  her father with the words, "Speak, or I'll fire l"her  lips refused to open.  But it was no dream when the shot came and the  black king rolled over on the earth dead, with the  little gold nugget he had come to restore pressed in  thedeath agony against his heart, where, too, was a  little gold.  And the Laughing birds in the old tree, startled  from their sleep by the shot, laughed once more,  wildly and madly, at Billy's honesty.  SHORT STORIES  A man in Haslingdean, England, who recently  applied for a certificate exempting his child from  vaccination, quite staggered the clerk with the  Christain name of the child, whereupon he explained  that the name would be found in " Hisahi," eighth  chapter, second verse. The clerk looked up the old  Testament and in Isaiah found the name Maher-  Bhalal-hash-baz. " That's it," said the applicant  and thoughtfully explained that he and his wife had  come across it in the Bible and thought it aristocratic and therefore chose it, The clerk suggested that  John was a more popular name among the aristo  cracy, and the applicant accepted the suggestion so  far as to say that " their next" should be named  John, but this would have to be Maher-shalal-hash-  baz.  Here is a characteristic letter which Andrew  Carnegie is said to have received from Mark Twain  the other day .: "Dear Mr. Carnegie,���Understanding that you are blessed at present with an unusual  surplus of income, and knowing well your generous  spirit and desire to do good to those who will help  themselves, I want to ask you to make me a contribution of one dollar and fifty cents. When I was a  young man my mother gave me a hymn-book which  I faithfully used. It is now, thanks to my efforts,  worn out, and I think it should be replaced, and you  are the man to do this. Appreciating to the full  the generous deeds that have made your name  illustrious in this and other countries, and believing  that in making me this donation you will be carrying or the spirit of you work,ffT am yours faithfully,  Mark Twain. P. S.���Don't send "the hymn-book ;  send the one dollar and fifty cents.     M. T."  Augustus'Hare tells an amusing story of his visits  to Rome.     He had convoyed  his little flock,   which  included at least one live prince, through the palace  of the   Cse^ars  and   had gathered   them   near  the  forum, when he observed a stranger who had attached  himself   to the   party, "looking   more   and   more  angry  every   minute."     At  length  this interloper  could stand Mr. Hare no longer.     He burst forth in  denunciations.     " All  that this   person   has  been  telling you," he in formed the party in a loud   voice,  ''about   the palace   of the Caesars he   has had   the  effrontery to relate to   you as   if it   were   his 'own.  You will   be astonished,  gentlemen  and ladies, to'  hear   that it   ia taken   word   for   word���word for  word, without the slightest acknowledgement���from  Mr. Hare's Walks   in Rome."     " All   1 said,"  says  Mr. Hare, " was :���* Oh, I am so much obliged to you.  I did not know there was anybody in the world who  would defend my interests so kindly.    I am Augustus Hare.' "    it was a magnificent moment.  A good story of Mme. Sarah Bernhardt's unwillingness to acknowledge any superior in any branch  of her art is just now being told by a Bostonian recently returned from Paris. Mme. Bernhardt, it  appears, had heard of the fame of the Japanese  players who have beon one of the attractions at the  Paris Exposition, and particularly that Mme. Vacco  was "doing" the best death scene ever seen in the  French capital. That any one could portray death  better than she the idol of the Parisians, was more  than Sarah could endure, so she decided to see for herself what the famous little Japanese tragedienne  could do. Sne went to the theatre in the company  of a few American women, which probably accounted  for her expressing herself in blunt American English.  For a long time Mme. Bernhardt sat without making  any verbal comment, though her face plainly indicted the actual state of her feelings, for as the story  goes, she ran the whole gamut of human expression,  though not of the encouraging order. First she betrayed pity for the little Japanese woman, then, a  look of sorrow spread over her features, which soon  gave way to an expression of contempt. Finally  with a swift transition from horror to disgiut, she  heaved a sigh and hissed out quite loudly, " Rats,  rats," this probably intended as a tribute to American slang.  M.\ r-.jJOMWr&WtfwWo^  Kiyvmy *sz*tir-itrit w 'WCj^wi.'caftera K/��cajrAAjjft tf-rafc *;m  ^a^giajj^aajfekAttotrfwaais^tw  s$  10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  v'l  V  i  ,*8  13  1  hi,  The Bosun force has been increased to 20 men.  Rich ore has been found in the  Sand Creek district.  The shaft on the Raby has been  sunk 20 feet from the tunnel  level.  The Hewett has laid off part of  its force, on account of the impossibility of moving the ore.  Late advices from the Windermere district, are most encouraging.  Numerous locations have been  made, a number of mines have become producers and shippers ; and  altogether the district promises to  be a center of great mining activity.  Following are ��.he ore shipments  received at the Trail smelter for the  week ending April 20 as reported  by the Trail Creek News:.  Tons  Centre Star.....  1429f  War Eagle........................    720i  Iron Mask... .....~..........      62f  BO QQQ^  ��        W ���    �����������������    ������������������    ���   ����������������������������������        t   ���   ��   ft    ���   * \J (J f^}  D. G. Eaton...     417-A  JcunLGrpnsG��� ........ ..........,.. ���.      ^ jl .  Manager Robin3 and Superintendent Brown, of the North Star mine  have engaged for the past: week in  making an examination of, and  sampling the Sullivan group of  mines, it is rumored that the present  inspection means either the purchase of ihe 'Sull; van by the North ���'������.  Star Company, or an amalgamation  of the two big producing mines.  It is also rumored that a smelter  will be erected   at  some   point   on  Total  r   �������������������������  2606;  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  GoldencQueen Mineral- Claim,situate in the  Nelson.Mining Division of West Kootenay  District.' ��� -  Where Located: About 1500 feet north of  the .'���Poorman" and about one mile south of  the Kootenay bridge.  Take notice that 1, John McLatchie, of the  City of Nelson, * acting as   agent for   Eliza  Ann Crowe, Free   Miner's Certificate No.   B  20,406.'intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining  a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And farther take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced belbre the  issuance of such Certificate of Improvement^  Dated this 17th day  >f April, 1901.  John McLatchie, P.L.S.  GREAT CLEARANCE SALE  ... \J f...  GENTS FURNISHINGS AND  CLOTHING  Fine English, Scotch, and Shetland Wool Underwear  ranging in price from 65c upwards  THEO.   MA'DSON  BAKER STREET, NELSON, B. C.  NOW I�� TI-IE TIME  S,v FALL AND WINTER SUITS  F     I    ^IMIIPF    MANAGER FOR E. SKINNER,  0. 40. oylllKlj Announces Large Importations of  Scotch and Irish SERGES, TWEEDS, WORSTEDS AND  TROUSERINGS.  THE OLD STAND, BAKER STREET  Mark creek  in the near future, to)  treat the ore  from these  mines.���  Prospector.  For the week ending April 20  the matte shipped from the Trail  smelter was 117 tons. The bullion  amounted to 82^ tons.  The shipment of ore from Slocan  Lake points, up to and including  last week from Jan. 1, 1901. was :  Fr^m Bosun Landing Tons  Bosun ."..........'   220 ,  From New Denver  Hartney.....:.......     120  From Silverton  Hewett...........     526  Emily Edith....................      20  From Enter-prise Landing  Enterprise.. ....................    140  From Slocan City  Arlington......................  1335  Two Friends....... ...........      40  Black Prince..................    100  Bondholder.......���..........      50  , Chapleau.......................      15  Speculator       20  KOOTENAY ...  COFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Tea and Coffee  Dealers  in  I  We are offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas.  Our Best Mocha and. Java Coffee per ,'���  pound $   40  Mocha and Java Blend, 8 pounds 1 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds  L 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  I 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  I 00  Special Blend Ceylon Tea, per pound.    SO  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON  WADDS BROS.  Vancouver and  VICTORIA STREET  leison  Near Phair Hotel  NELSON,   B.   C.  DIRECT   ROUTE  EAST  Toronto  Ottawa  Montreal  Boston  Halifax  New York  WEST  Vancouver  Victoria  Skagway  Seattle  Portland  San Francisco  VIA  SOO LINE  To St Paul and Chicago  Dining Cars  First-Class Sleepers  Tourist Cars  DlflPAUTlTRKS NELSON ARRIVALS  5,00      ) Kootonay Landing Hloumor I     17.00  Daily  J"        Orow'HNostHouto.       I   'Dally  8.00       )    .UofiRlitnd and Boundary   j     22.10  Ex Hun | Creole Boot-Ion | Ex Hun  9.00       ) Slocan City, Slocan Lake  Ex Sun )       Pol ntH and Sandon  18.40      ) Rowland, Columbia Ttlvoiw      22.10  Dally   [   PolntH, flonnooUntf lievol-j   Dally  )   Htoko'wlth main Lino      (  1.0.00     VS. S.   Kokanoo   for Kuslof      11.00  Ex Sun j    and .Tntormcdlato Points  I, Ez Hu n  ForThno Tab Ion, RntoH, TW'kotN apply  ILL. HltOWN'  City PiiNHunftot'AtfQn  f      M.'IO  t Ex St in  J. S. CARTER,  DlHt. PctHH, Au\,���  NolNon.  E. J. COYLIil,  A. (L P. A.,  Vancouver.  ii  n  i  tit  \i  u^^iVii^'t^'M^^'*'^'^1'^  nmmittiummmi  mm  mrnm  mm  mmmmmmimm  mmm  mmmem  mammnmm

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