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The Nelson Economist Mar 27, 1901

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 VOL. IV,  NELSON, B.C, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1901.  NO. 37  if)  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription: $2.00 per annum ; if paid in advance,���$r. 50. Correspondence   of     GENERAL    INTEREST     RESPECTFULLY  solicited. Only articles of merit will be  advertised in these columns, and the in  terests of readers will be , carefully  guarded against irresponsible persons and  worthless articles.  IN the disposal of the proposed charter , to  the Hill railway several vital questions must be  taken into consideration. The smelters already  established in British Columbia have been constantly  menaced with a possible shortage in the product  of the Crow's Nest coal mines. Indeed, the management of that company confessed on more than one  occasion during the past year, that the mines were  unaT)le to supply the demands of the local smelters.  This being the case, the problem; naturally suggests  itself, how can the Crow's Nest Coal Company, with  the increased demands that must inevitably follow  a line of railway to American smelters, expect to  meet the expanding requirements of the local  smelters. For instance, should it so transpire that  the supply of coke from the Crow's Nest ovens was  only,sufficient to supply the smelters situated along  the boundary line, is it within the sphere of reason  that Mr. Hill arid his associates, practically in  control of the output, would sacrifice their own  smelters and leave the British Columbia enterprises  in possession of the limited output? The mind  of the ordinary individual reels when it  contemplates Mr. James J. Hill engaged in the performance of such works of self-sacrifice. Yet their  foregoing is a'contingency that will have to be  provided against, and must be considered in the discussion of.the.question. It is all very well to say  that an export duty on coal would safeguard the  interests of the local smelters, but there are coal  mines elsewhere in Canada, that would suffer bv  the imposition of an export tax,  The coal lands of  the Crow's  Nest company, although being the   property ,of  private  individuals,  can justly be regarded as being held in trust for the  people.     It has  been  laid  down  as a   pelf-evident  proposition by no less an authority than the Toronto  Globe that private property to-day. may become tlie  property of a trust; to-morrow.    This being the case,  what is to prevent  the  American   Smelter Tnnt acquiring these lands, if i\�� members thereof have  not  already   a   controlling   interest  therein, and   thus  shut   off   the  supply    to   the  smelters  of   British  Columbia?   Tlie Trust in,   perfecting  its schema of  consolidating its interests, will  not  be thwarted   by  the interests of Canadian smelters.     If  it suits  the  purpose of the Trust to close down the Canadian  smelters, the supply of coke will be curtailed to the  extent that our smelters cannot be .conducted at a  profit to their owners. Therefore the price of freedom  from the tyranny o? the American Smelter Trust is  eternal vigilance on the part of the Government.  If the Crow's Nest Coal Company has the illimitable  supply of coal that it pretends to have, it should  not object to the fullest investigation. The very  fact that an attempt is being made to rush the application for a charter through the House, is in .itself suspicious, and should pt,t the Government on  its guard. Of later years, certain Canadians have  evinced an unholy desire to acquire-large fortunes  in an inconceivably short space of time, and it mav  be that the Crow's Nest coal fields will be exhausted  to accomplish this object.  Mr. A. C. Flumerfelt, of the Granby smelter,has  been interviewed at Victoria. He says the British  Columbia smelters have no cause to complain of the  transportation facilities supplied by the C. P. R.  This effectually disposes of the charge made by -the  Crow's Nest Coal Company, that the railway, and not  the coal company was responsible for the repeated  complaints of the smelters of shortage.  The rarest metal���and it is so rare that recent discoveries have thrown doubt on its elemental character  ���is didymium, and its present market   price, if one  may thus term the quotation of an article that never  appears on the  market,  is ��900  per pound.    The  next   costliest   metal   is   barium,   an element  belonging to the alkaline  earth group;   its value  is  ��750.     Beryllium or glucinum, a metalic substance  found   in the  beautiful   beryi,  is quoted at   ��585.  Yttrium, a rare metal of the boron aluminium group,  so called because first noticed at Ytterby, in Sweden,  is stated to be worth,  at present,  ��450 per  pound.  Niobium, or columbium, a  name suggestive of the  American origin of the metal,  it  having  been  first  discovered in Connecticut, is valued to-day, at ��400  per pound.     The price of rhodium,  an extremely  hard and brittle substance,  which  owes its name to  the rose red color of certain of its  solutions, ��4.00.  Vanadium, deriving its  title   from  one of the   appellations of the Scandinavian  goddess, Pryea, arid  at one time considered the rarest of metallic metals,  has been reduced in price to ��875, at which  value  there will, no doubt, be many eager buyers.   Iridium,  a very heavy metal of the platinum group, so named  from iridescone of some of its  solutions,  and well-  known in connection with its use for the points of  gold pens, may be bought, to-day, at approximately  mnnwiin���HMmww  mmmmmm SBSa&ESX  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ��140 per pound. Osmium, another metallic element  of the platium group, is hard, infusible and the  heaviest substance known. Its present value is  ��125 per pound. Palladium, a silver-white, fusible  metal, used in the manufacture of certain parts of  timepieces and occasionally applied in dentistry, is  worth ��100 per pound. The price of platinum, the  better known tin-white, ductile, but very infusible  metal, is on. a par with that of gold, viz., about ��70  per pound.  The Conservative leader in the House of Commons has completely disposed of the charge made  by the Liberals during the recent campaign that  tlie Conservatives were opposed to the principle of  trade preference with the Empire. A few days ago,  Mr. Borden moved the following resolution in the  House -.as; an amendment to the motion of the  Minister of-Finance':  "That in the opinion of this house the adoption of  a policy of mutual trade preference within the Empire would prove of great benefit to the mother  country and the colonies and would greatly improve  the prosperity,- unity, and progress of the empire as  whole and that the present time when the Commonwealth of Australia is laying the foundations of its  fiscal system is particularly opportune> for takings  prompt and energetic steps toward the furtherence  of this; object.v--';.:  ��� ���'������" This house is further of opinion that equivalent  or adequate duties should be imposed by Canada  upon the products and manufactures of countries  not within the empire and in all cases where such  countries fail to admit Canadian products and manufactures on fair terms and that the government  should take for this purpose all such available  measures as may be found necessary."  value rarely, if ever, fluctuates. Diamond dealers  are constantly receiving visits from people who  think that a diamond purchased years ago has retained its value and that they will have little or no  trouble in getting for it almost if not quite as much  as they paid twenty years ago. To the average diamond dealer these people are, as a general thing, a  source of annoyance, for the reason that they are always incredulous when told of the change in value  diamonds have undergone. When the jeweler offers  them, say, 20 per cent, of what they paid for the  stone years ago, they generally regard it as an  absurd proposition, and make for the next dealer,  only to find that his price is the same and that the  possession which they had looked on as a valuable  asset had depreciated in value. As a matter of fact,  in these days diamonds are much like stocks in being up in value one minute and perhaps down the  next. The Boer war, of course, is largely responsible  for this. The largest source of the world's diamond  supply being in the territory affected, the market  for diamonds has been uncertain even since hostilities began. Diamonds today are worth 50 per cent,  more than they were just before the trouble in the  Transvaal started. Even with this abnormal influence on the market, diamonds have not reached  the prices of twenty or thirty years ago, for the  reason taat the output today is about a third greater  than then.  The streets of Nelson are vastly improved by   the  cleaning up process of the past few days.  Nelson has had very few friends in its development  as a commercial centre. Why should it sacrifice  its greatest friend, the C. P. R. tc further the interests  of a few monopolists ?  Business in many lines is giving marked evidences  of improvement. The representative of a leading  grocery store says business this month this year in  Nelson is better than what it was for the same month  last year.  If the Hill railway is so necessary to the development of the Kootenay, as some would make out,  why should any opposition be found to its being  built as a government enterprise ?  The Mining Department of the Russian Ministry  of Agriculture and State Domains has submitted to  the various ministries a scheme for the foundation of  a new mining school with a special petroleum section,  and also a scheme for a teaching programme of the  same.  A Nifivv Yoitic writer says that in spite of the  general advance in tho price of diamonds, owing to  the war in South Africa, diamonds today are worth  ?>0 per cent, less than twenty years ago. Yet the  belief is firmly fixed in the minds of a great many  persons, judging from the inquiries made of jewelers,  that diamonds are a safe investment, and that their  The Trail Creek News, published at a point where  smelting is practically the only industry, and with  unprecedented opportunities of gaining knowledge of  the whole situation, has the following :  "Now that the Crow's Nest coal fields have passed  to the control of the American smelting trust, but  little encouragement for the advancement of British  Columbia's smelting industry may be looked for,  until new coal fields are opened by new companies.  This will necessarily take time, and during the interval Mr. James J, Hill and his colleagues of the  smelter trust will be active in placing every possible  obstacle in the way of the Canadian smellers, It is  useless to dilate on the difficulties which have tnus  far been experienced in securing adequate supplies  of coke, In fact, since the company opened its  coal fields, it has never made a creditable record for  shipments except during the two or three days before the meeting of the Boards of Trade at Greenwood, and then it surprised even its own officers.  u Now, then, with such conditions existing while  the mines were under control of the Canadians,  what may be expected of them at the hands of people  whose chief object is to ship the output to an Arneri-  (  '.*-  *'���  K  "'Wp'PfW-'!!. Itf"*^*,* fK'ttf * -J ***V 11 ^.**.-*MwM4UW'^'Wl!- i" '���  l.^W,.��A\W\'Mw.*"lU. 1  !2832����jS2S��S5ia  BIHSEffl THE NELSON ECONOMIST  can market, and whose direct and personal interests  are in the advancement of the  American Trust.  " It is to their advantage that smelting in British  Columbia should not obtain a firm foothold, and if  they cannot stifle it absolutely, their plan will be  to restrict it by such conditions as the American  Smelting Trust may impose.  " During the recent mining strike in the Kootenays  the smelters were forced to close, and the coal company straightway made a contract with the American  smelters. Before the expiration of that contract the  smei'era in British-Columbia started up, and the  coal company had great difficulty in meeting the  requirements ; so much so, in fact, that to relieve  the situation the C. P. R., which had a contract with  the Cr<��w's Nest Pass Coal Company for steam coal  for use on the British Columbia Southern Railway and on the Kootenay steamers, were unable to  obtain it, and had to purchase their coal, and are today purchasing their coal for this section at Leth-  bridge, paying at those mines 50 cents a ton more  then ihey were bound to under their contract with  the Crow's Nest, carried it past the Crow's Nest  mines, and delivered it on board the Kootenav  steamers.  ���." In the face of all this, and after the expiration  of the contract entered into bv the coal company  with the American smelters, that company entered  into another con tract with the American smelters to  supply Lhem with several hundred tons of coke per  day. They could not meet the requirements of both  markets, and had the 0. P. R. sat down tamely and  accepted the situation, with its danger to the smelting industry of British Columbia, that company  would have been the subject of the harshest  criticism. '  " Mr. Hill will not build any lines east and west  through British Columbia. What he would be  tempted to do, and what he is doubtless striving  to do, is to run spurs from his main line to such  points in British Columbia as appear to be the best  producing sections. In this way he can tap and  take out of the Province for treatment at the smelters  along his own main line all the ores of British  Columbia without expensive operation, and without  adequate return to Canada for the benefits he would  derive from our country."  The citizens of Kaslo are beginning to learn to depend on themselves.     The bane of British Columbia  cities in the past was lack of self-reliance and a disposition to lean on Governments for public  benefits.  The sentiment of a vast majority of Nelson citizens  is strongly antagonistic to the Hill charter.  On the subject of granting a charter to Mr. Hill,  the Vancouver Province, certainly a disinterested  authority, has the following :  H A Mr. Henderson, of Fernie, has come ou'.of the  wilderness with the announcement that the people  of British Columbia are unanimously in favor of ihe  construction of Jim Hill's proposed line to theCrow'8  Nest coal fields. This will be news to the people of  British Columbia. It is refreshing in its innocence  and simplicity. Mr. Henderson seems to think that  the people of British Columbia are a pack of fools,  hungering for the inestimable privilege of cutting  their own commercial throats. All they want is the  opportunity to get rid of themselves and they are  praying to Jim Hill to give them the chance.  " How absurd it is,    There are very  few   people  in British Columbia who do not see clearly that the  construction of a branch of the Great Northern to  tap the Fernie fields will be the most deadly blow at  the smelting industry of British Columbia that  could be struck, undoing all the good work that has  been done and putting us back to the humiliating  position we occupied before a ton of ore was smelted  in this province. Even supposing a condition is  made that B. C. smelters must be supplied first, cf  what value will that condition be if there are no  smelters to use the supply? With the American  Smelter Trust supreme our own smelters will be  wiped out of existence.  iC The construction of the Hill road might mean  the development of the coal fields, but it will also be  the death blow of the B. C. smelters. The American  Smelter Trust is no philanthropic corporation. It  is a business enterprise pure' and simple and its  methods are as soulless and calculating as the  methods of a machine. As Mr. Houston has  pointed out the domination of this Trust will be  fatal to the development of the province, and it will  be a'������sorry dayfor British Columbia when our natural  resources and supplies are carried past our doors and  out of our own country to still further enrich the  great neighboring republic. It has had too much  from us already."  Premier Dunsmuir is evidently determined to  resent any attempt on the part of corporation  lawyers to place him in a false position. Mr.  Dunsmuir is a Canadian, and all other things being  equal can be depended upon to stand by the great  national highway in preference to a policy that  would mean alien domination.  The Greenwood Miner evidently has some doubts  as to the genuineness of the cases of smallpox reported from Phoenix. It says : '��� The little smallpox scare at Phoenix wasn't very serious after all.  Only four cases, and they not of a very robust kind.  If the disease had not been declared small-pox at  the start, a compromise might have been had on  ' spring rash,' or the measles. However it has been  officially declared small-pox and the Phoenix Pioneer  will again assume the erect attitude and l truthfully'  state that the doctors are 'quarrying' out smallpox cases by the carload.  V  If, as suggested by telegram, an amicable arrangement has been reached between the conflicting interests in the contest over the Hill charter, and that  the ba is of this agreement is an absolute guarantee  of an adequate supply of coal and coke for the local  smelting industries for all time to come, it will do a  great deal to satisfy the minds of the people generally,  At the same time, it should not be forgotten that  much of the credit of compelling such a concession  has been due to the patriotic fight of the Nelson  Tribune, the Vancouver Province and the Ottawa  Citizen. Future generations may have reason to  to call those papers blessed.  The price for which the Nelson city debentures  were sold is a (It subject for congratulation by our  citizens. m,TrrtTi**'~*^*��<x*"'**��**X  9  i  JM,  '$':*'  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  'HpITE bicycle season is again with us, and the  X great improvements in our streets and roads  of recent years induce the belief that during  the coming summer the demand for the t! silent  steed" will be greatly increased. A few years ago this  form of pastime seemed to be reserved for the young  people, but recently the more aged have taken to the  bicycle, and in many places iU is not an unusual  thing to see men and women verging on the allotted  span wheeling along the road at lightning speed.  Bicycle riding has many advantages. For instance,  it enables a person to evade the man who has always  a long story to tell you, the bill collector would not  think f or a moment of attempting to collect his  account from a man on a bicycle, and I am told  that the members of the legislature use the bicycle  to guard against th6 importunities of tbe office-seeker.  The price of bicycles has been so reduced as to place  them within the reach of all. A few years ago,  any kind of a bicycle would cost anywhere from  $ 00 to $145 ; now the same ar tide can dp purchased  for $65. Indeed one dealer in Nelson���Mr. Jacob  Dover���is now clearing out a splendid $65-bicycle  for $35 cash. There is therefore n ) longer reason  why anyone who desires to ride a bicycle should  walk.  I agree with the Vancouver World that one of the  most useful societies,in British Columbia is.that for  the Prevention of Cruelly to Animals. It performs  a good work and deserves the utmost consideration.  Those who are able should, actively support it. The  society has just issued its first annual report and a  very interesting document it is, reflecting great  credit upon the secretary, in brief the history of  the society is thus given: The first meeting for  organizing the society was held in the Board of Trade  rooms, New Westminster, on .October 8, 1896, when  the first officers were elected. In 1897 the first  branch of the society was formed in Victoria and in  March, 1898, the Vancouver branch society was inaugurated. After the Victoria and Vancouver  societieshad been working for some time it was  deemed advisable by many of the members and subscribers that the British Columbia Society should,  be organized upon a basis of representation from  each branch society from whom the various officers  and the executive should be elected. The New  Westminster and parent society readily acceded to  suggestion. A joint meeting was held in the City  of Vancouver on the 6th day of April, 1900, when  the constitution, which had been previously submitted to the various branch societies, was unanimously passed, and the first officers under the  new constitution duly elected, As yet very little in  the way of preventing cruelty to animals has been  done in Nelson. This is certainly not because dumb  animals are better treated here than elsewhere. On  the contrary, scarcely ever a day passes that some  one is not guilty of extreme cruelty to horses and  other dumb animals.  The Americans are taking hold of their own  history with graphic and industrious pens. The latest  contribution to whatonemay call the personal social  and commercial history of New England is" Stagecoach and Tavern Days," by Alice MorHe Earle. It  comes from the dual house of Macmillan's, New York  and London, and in production is characteristic of  their metropolitan reputation, and the work is  worthy of the dainty handling it has received. Our  Puritan fathers evidently considered the tavern as  next in importance to the church. The " ordinary"  (otherwise the tavern) was an institution not only  fostered by the Government, but imposed upon communities with penalties. " Great inducements  were offered to persons to keep an ordinary ; sometimes land was granted them, or pasturage for their  cattle, or exemption from church rates and school  taxes." Not such narrow minded persons the  Puritans after all !  ���"The. early, taverns of New England were not  opened wholly for the convenience of travellers ;  they were for the comfort of the townspeople, for  the. interchange of news and opinions, the sale of  solacing! liquors and the incidental sociability."  Think of that ! Dogberry might have called it���" flat  burglary." One is tempted to quote Shakspere's  wise-acre from the fact that the New England instructions to the "night-watch" a re couched in the  quaint language -of that illustrious constable.  Shakspere, indeed, might have taken the Boston  magistrates' order for his Dogberry trave3tie, or  Boston might have taken a hint from Dogberry's  charge while treating their own soberly.  Here is a passage from the veritable Boston instructions to the night-watch :���" If they find young  men and maidens, not of known fidelity, walking  after ten o'clock, modestly to demand the cause, and  if they appear ill-minded, to watch them narrowly,  command them to go to their lodgings, and if they  refuse to secure them till morning." The story of  the stage-coach from the first of that notable institution, is no less entertaining and instructive than  that of the tavern, while the life of the roads and  villages and thegradual growth of a well-disciplined,  if severe, civilization, is full of the charm of romantic  narrative. , "Stage-coach and Tavern Days" should  be a popular book.  Not long ago, a few gentlemen were invited out to  spend an evening at a friend's house. There would  be nothing unusual about this, had it hot been that  the guests had been treated to a game of cards upstairs with stakes so high that the amount lost was  talked of and caused almost a common scandal. I  am not going into particulars-���that is not the object  of my writing, but just here let me make a statement.  Gambling has taken a firm hold in what is known  as our best society. Extraordinary isn't it ? But  true nevertheless as many a young man knows to  his cost, and some young women have found out to  their sorrow. "Come up and spend the evening and  bring your wife with you so that we can have a game  of cards." This is the invitation, and of course  vou go. Formerly you played whist.or euchre, now  it is poker, or black jack, and even in some places,  a species of faro, roulette or piquett. Don't be  startled at this. It is no innovation, but a gradual  growth. It started with whist at so much a point  and then when there happened to be five the game  was changed to hearts, at 5 or ,10 cents a heart.  Someone suggestsd poker, a mild game in its play  and often played for amusement only, but gradually  it becomes a betting game withsome stakes no matter  how small. There are these who say you can't lose  any money at poker at a 25 cent limit. They must  be mistaken for though I never played cards in my  life, I have heard it stated by those I knew to be  good players that a 25 cent limit game was liable to  run away with a great deal of pocket money, even  if the game only lasted from 8 to 11 o'clock. A  gentleman  was   telling   me   the  "other  day  about  ��  i  ��4  a  {'-*''A* THE NELSON ECONOMIST  an evening he spent at the home of a friend. He  was one of three guests, the other being a lady  and her husband. They all played poker and had  a most enjoyable game, as they declared when they  had finished, yet the only winners were the hostess  and her husband, who between them accumulated  some fourteen or fifteen dollars. And the "guests"  went home just that much poorer and no doubt  they had thought of the happy time they  had spent with their "friends." I have  heard it said that ladies are not good card  players. Perhaps this is correct, but I am assured  by an acquaintance of mine that he knows some fair  ones who are expert manipulators of the paste  boards and who like nothing better than to sit  around the gaming table. Punch once advised  those who were thinking of getting married. The  advice is just as good for and just as applicable to  those who are getting into the habit of playing cards  for money���Dortt. Let this be emphatic, not only  spelled with a big D, but with the whole word in  big letters like this DON'T.  I do not desire to convey the impression that the  sanitary conditions prevailing in and around Nelson  are worse than in any place else in British Columbia,  but I do aver that for a city of the pretensions of the  Kootenay metropolis, sanitary arrangements should  be more modern and up-to-date. My attention has  been called to two or three spots that should be attended to -at'prices One is a gull} that is completely  littered with old cans, broken crockeryware, old  clothes and several other things which I do not  care about naming, in this article. This collection  is not of the character that is likely to create a favorable impression on the visitor who is looking around  for a desirable locality in which to make a home.  Recent!}'a few cases of diphtheria have been reported in Nelson. With so many filthy spots in  the city the wonder is that the number of diphtheria  cases are so few and that typhoid fever is not  epidemic.  The many friends of John Houston are sorely  troubled in spirit these days. For years the ex-  mayor and now member of the Legislature has been  looked up to as a perfect ��pecimen of the type that  has made the West famous for its utter contempt of  the usages prevailing in the effete East. For some  months it has been observed that John was adopting modern customs, but this was only regarded as  a new move to surprise the natives. However,  matters, reached a serious climax when the pride of  the West during his recent visit to Nelson appeared  in broad daylight on Baker street wearing rings and  other ornaments, which plainly indicated the corroding influence of Victoria - society. It was hoped  that John Houston would be proof against the vanities  of the world, hut his recent metamorphosis is  only another instance of the danger that lurks in  association with society butterflies. In the meantime a meeting of John Houston'*? friends will he  held and when he returns here again, he will be requested to either resign his seat in the Legislature  or go back to original principles in the matter of  dress.  looking, as was his custom, as he wiped his spectacles,  out over the congregation. He could not understand the cause of the titter of laughter which he  had noted until he looked down at his handkerchief  and found that in the hurry of preparation for church  that morning he had tucked a tiny baby's shirt into  his pocket instead of his handkerchief and was in the  act of wiping his spectacles with it, the main part  of the little garment dangling down in the sight of  the amused congregation.  J Editorial vigilance is the only safeguard agains^  errors in magazine-making. Every article that i8  published in The Ladies* HomeJournaly for instance,  is read at least four times in manuscript form, and  all statements of fact verified before it goes to the  printer. Then it is read and revised by the proofreaders ; goes back to the author for his revision ;  is re-read by the editors three or more times, at  different stages ; and again by the proof-readers  possibly a half a dozen times additional. Thus  each article is read fifteen and often twenty times  after leaving the author's hand's until it reaches the  public eye. But with all this unremitting vigilance  errors of the most obvious kind occasionally escape  observation until perhaps the final reading, but it is  rare, indeed, that an inaccuracy hides itself in the  pages securely enough to go through a magazine's  edition.  A. W. Ross, whose death at Toronto has just been  announced, in his day saw more of the ups and  ' downs of fortune than perhaps any man in the West.  He was one of the moving spirits in the Winnipeg  boom of '81-'82, and on more than one occasion  could have disposed of his interests at a sum that  would have left him fabulously wealthy. The bursting of that boom was brought about by Mr. Ross, and  almost in the twinkling of an eye he was reduced  from a position of affluence and wealth to a condition  of poverty. He was not disheartened, however, and  later on in the West he participated in several other  mining and real estate booms, sometimes making  money and just as often losing it. He was a politician of some note, and at one time his name was mentioned in connection with the Lieutenant-Governorship of Manitoba. His last visit to Nelson was on  the day of the general elections, Nov. 7th, and he  watched the returns coming into the Opera House,  until the departure of his train at 6:40 p. m.  For the Easter holidays all Canadian Pacific Railway agents will sell round trip tickets at fare and one-  third, good going April 4 and 5, and return April 8.  Mr. Wm. Irvine, of Pred Irvine<fc Co., has returned  from a trip to the East, where he spent several weeks  purchasing goods. The firm of F. Irvine & Co. haB  developed into one of the largest dry goods houses in  Western Canada.  Madame Albani will be heard at the Nelson Opera  House on the evening of April 15.  Borne queer fetfmga happen in church. A lady  friend related to me recently a queer experience her  father had while pastor of a church. Before he did'  anything else in the pulpit as he arose to give out a  hymn Sunday morning, he always took out his  handkerchief and wiped his spectacles. On this  particular morning, he followed his custom,, ofcoimrse,  Prof. Fayne^ at the Opera House this week, is  affording considerable amusement to fare sized  audiences. Some are inclined to be sceptical of the  professor's hypnotic powers, but there are others who  argue that subjects who act so ridiculously must  be hypnotized else they could not be persuaded to  make such an exhibition of themselves. P. G. 3S53^SS5^^^^^iKi^^^^iii  A Remedy for the Evil.  ^T'VE found a way to prevent   favoritism   in my  JL    factory,"   said   the  president  of   the  International Air Engine company.      His friends  who were d.ning with him at tlie club, both of them  being manufacturers, looked interested.  "In the old. days," he went on, "when every little  shop manufactured its own goods "tha proprietor had  at most a couple of apprentices. He knew them  well, of course, and watched them every day at their-  work. If one of them got a good idcja, he was at  once given credit for it. But under present conditions such a thing is not possible. There are  1,600 men in mv factory. I don't know half of  them by sight. ��� If one of these'..men gets a good  idea or m kes a valuable suggestion, h'ow am J',  to know that he gets the proper credit or recognition '?. Trust to my foremen and managers, you  say. But you can't always trust to foremen and  managers any more than you can always trust men  occupying other positions. But I've found a way  to make sure that the right man gets the credit, for  a 1 he does.  '��� This is the way it earne about : Into every International air engine go 27 pieces which are exactly  alike. They, are stamped out...of sheet metal oy  a punch press at the rate of 50 a minute. Ever  since we started making engines these pieces have  then been turned over to the men on the filing job,  who filed three little .notches in each piece with a  hand file. When we started making our engines,  these little notches were the close working parts of  the machine and were therefore filed by hand with  great care.  "One day a man on the file job got an idea. He  knew that the'pieces he was filing were no longer  the close working parts of the "'."'machine: He  wondered- why the pu-'nch' press fixtures. were not  changed so that the little notches should be cut out  at the same time with ihe rest of the pieces. lie  didn't.Htop,to think that perhaps if he made nueh a  suggestion the nine men on the filing bench might  be thrown out of work, at least in that department.  At any rate, he spoke to his foreman about it.  "' What's the use,' he said, 'of doing all this  work by hand when it might as well be done at the  same time-by the punch press-?'  "The foreman knew perfectly well that he ought  to have thought of that same thing months before,  and he was not pleased with the suggestion. He  gave the workman little encouragement..'  "'If you'd work harder and spend less time  thinking about why we do things the..way we do,  you'd 'get along better,' he said.  " At the same time he cherished the suggestion,  and he went to work and figured out that if it was  adopted the company would save at least $5,000 a  year. He even went so far as to have a few pieces  stamped with the notches in them and tried them in  an engine. Nobody knew the difference, and they  wor' ed ns we 11 as the rot.  "it happened that we had a new superintendent  at the time, Naturally he was anxious to make a  good showing, The smart foreman went to him  with the Hiigsjestion he had stolen from the workman on tho filing job. lie had his figures and  models all ready,  <:,' lloro'H a little idea, of mine,1 the foreman said  as he laid his plan before the superintendent, * which  1 hope you'll appreciate, If you adopt it, and I  don't see how you can fail to adopt it, it will save  the company not less than $5,000 a year, I'll  trust to you to wee ihat it doesn't  knock me out of a  job. We use 405 of those pieces every day. At  present the three little notches on each piece are filed  by hand. Nine men do nothing else. We can  just as well have-the notches cut by the punch preBS  at the same time that it cuts out the piece. Do it  that way, and you can lay lay off nine filers for  good; It'll save the company $5,000 a year anyway.'  " It happened that the salary of the new superintendent was just $5,000 a year. It struck him that  it would bean extremely happy hit to save the  amount of his yearly salary in a single stroke within less than two months of the time he went to work.  At the same time he didn't like the foreman of the  file job. That gentleman impressed him as being  tricky, which shows that the superintendent was a  good judge of human nature. Besides being a young  and new man he didn't like anything which might  seem to indicate that anybody could tell him anything about the business. So he gave the foreman little apparent attention. He took care however, to gather up all the foreman's models and  figures and dismissed him with, the statement  that he would look the matter over when he got  time.  " He took time that evening to go   over the  thing  carefully.     Next day he went out into the shop and  called down the foreman of the filing job-for allowing his room to get so dirty.   He also carefully looked  over   the   punch   presses,   and   as   he   was a good  ��� mechanic he had no trouble in'seeing- that the   suggestion was perfectly feasible;    He had a temporary  fixture made for the punch press and  turned Out   a  number of the pieces all complete,   which were  successfully tried in engines which were  sold   and sent  out in the regular way.    A month later, when it was  certain  that the plan was perfectly feasible, he came  tome,      By that time, I suppose, the workman who  originally   made  the  suggestion  had  entirely 'forgotten it.     Perhaps it had even slipped the memory  of the foreman who tried to steal it in the first, place.  "Of course I was pleased with the idea.    I ordered  the superintendent to adopt it at once and congratulated myself on the possession of a prize at the head  of my factory.     I went around and   bragged   about  it to my friends.    1 told them that our newsuperin-  dent had saved his salary for a  year in less than 90  days after he went to work.   Naturally I was tickled ���  to death.     I dida't know about it at the time, b,ut it  appears that the first thing the mw   superintendent  did was to  fire the foreman of the filing  job.    That  was before there was any idea prevalent that the men  on the job were to go too,    But in the discharge of  that foreman the superintendent unknowingly  laid  the  foundation of  his  own   undoing and   my  enlighten merit.  "A couple of weeks later, after the hew fixtures  for the punch press were completed, the nine filers,  including tlie man who originally made the suggestion, were laid off, Then the trouble commenced.  " One night after dinner the former foreman of  the filing job came to my house. I had a talk with  him. He complained that the superintendent had  stolen his suggestion and fifed him in order to cover  the theft. 1 "didn't like the man's looks, so 1 took  a long chance with him.  "'But you know,'  I said, 'that  suggestion  was  not original with you either."  "'Wt-.il,'  he  answered   before he   thought,  'he's  fired Jack Burns too.'  " * So Bums, then,' I answered, 'is  the  man  who  really deserves credit ? Where does he live,'  i  \ :\  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  "I got Burns back again and got rid of both  the foreman and the superintendent. Then I set to  work to devise a plan by which I might be sure that  every man in the factory who had a good idea might  get proper credit for it. At last I struck it. In  every department I put in plain sight a small box  with a slit in the top of it. Above each box is a  placard reading :  * Complaints and Suggestions.���If you have   any  complaint or suggestion to make,   write it   out on  a  piece of paper, sign it and drop it in  the slot.     The-  key to this box is carried only by the president, who  will personally read its contents.'  " So far the plan has worked well."  IN THE PALACE OF THE KING.  A LOVE STORY OF OLD MADRID.  By Marion    Crawford,   author  of " Via   Crucis."  The Copp, Clark Co., Limited, Publishers, Toronto.  For   sale by the Canada Drug & Book Co, L'ld,  Nelson, B. C.  u Come,  my love, the stars are shining ;.'.'..  Time is flying ;   love is sighing.  Come !   for thee a heart is pining,  Here alone I wait for thee."  ���From song, u In Old Madrid."  The girl who sang and the girl who waited was  none other than Dolores de Mendoza, renowned  throughout for her great beauty, and the envy of  other court ladies in that she was the chosen of Don  John of Austria, younger brother of King Philip  the Second of Spain.  There was a sadness in her beautiful gray eyes as  she sang ; but it was not the sadness of grief, Only  the key to a very dear secret���her love for the  princely Don John. This was her woman's secret,  this the story's secret, and this its final glorious  revelation. >;  Behold the man she loved : " All in dazzling  white���white velvet, white silk, white lace, white  shoes, the most faultless vision of young and manly  grace that ever glided through  a  woman's dream."  And wonder not that she loved him ; for what so  full of charm to a blue-veined lady as such a knightly  gentleman, noble in heart and soul and exquisite in  appearance ? How the white velvet must have  appealed to her. as a symbol of gentleness, truth and  grace !  This, love was deep from the beginning, and  needed not opposition to make permanent. ; yet the  lovers faced a stern barrier in the proud old soldier,  Mendoza���Dolores'father- who very well knew that  a more illustrious. marriage would be sought for  Don John than a union with the daughter of a poor  retainer.  Listen to this, ye women of the Twentieth Century,  and ask yourselves if Dolores were not justified in  refusing an easy compliance with her lather's request :  " Then promise me that you will never pee Don  John of Austria again ; that you will forget that  you ever loved him ; that you will put him altogether out of your thoughts, and that you obediently  accept the marriage I shall make for you."  This was the signal for civil war���for an open  fight in the Mendoza family, audit was then that  Dolores and her blind sifter, Inez, combined their  wits against their father. It was a oathetic struggle,  for there was much justice on both sides ; the  younger fighting for the ardent and hopeful love of  youth, the older for honor only as he saw it���a  traditional honor, which would permit a man to be  cruel to his family if thereby he could exalt his  king.  In   this case the royal  master  was King  Philip,  who throughout this story is painted in very ugly  colors���sickly yellow and grim black ; character  always black, and skin always jaundiced, two very  unlovely attributes, appealing neither to man nor to  a woman. But the artist-author may have made  Philip thus, that Don John might be the more resplendent in relief, for there were foils and foils in  Spain as elsewhere.  Philip was thoroughly disliked by the people ;  Don John they loved, and would at any moment  have hailed with gladness as their ruler. Philip  knew this, and had therefore a deep and sullen hatred  for his brother. How he brought the always gentle  Don John to a quarrel, and even to the sword's point,  is well told by the wonderful Crawford pen ; and  chapter xviii, relating the interview between Dolores  and the king, is one of the most dramatic scenes  ever conceived. The excitement is keen. Dolores  rises to an exalted height when she ordains herself  Philip's accuser :  " I am not asking anything of Your Majesty; I  am dictating terms to my lover's murderer 1"  o  SHORT STORIES  A gentleman who owns one of the finest estates in  the north of Ireland, while in his gardens one morning, noticed one of the laborers very badly clad and  asked him :  "Have yo'i no. better clothes than those, Mat ?"  "No, in troth, yer honor, worse luck," replied  Mat ^/;-v//;'./,--  "Well call at the house this evening on your way  home," said the gentleman. " I'll leave an old suit  of mine with the butler for you."  A few days later, when showing a party of visitors  through the gardens, he was much annoyed to see  Mat looking, if possible, more of a scarecrow than  ever.- ��� .-  " Why are you still wearing those old clothes,  Mat ?"   he asked.  "-Sure, yer honor, they're the best I have," replied  Mat. "But did you not get the suit I left for you  the other day ?''   asked the gentleman.  "Indeed, an I did, thank yer honor kindly," replied Mat ; "but, sure, I had to lave them at home  to be mended."  Benjamin West's picture of the "Death of Nelson"  is closely connected with  an  anecdote  of the great  sailor.     Just   before   he went to   sea for   the   last  time he was present at a dinner,   during  which   he  sat between the artist  and  Sir  William Hamilton.  Nelson   was expressing to Hamilton his regret that  he had not, in   his  youth, acquired  some taste  for  art and some discrimination in   judging it, " But,"  said he, turning   to   West,  "there   is  one   picture  whose power I do feel.     I never pass a  shop where  your ' Death of  Wolfe1 is  in  the  window  without  being stopped by  it,"     West made some gracious  answer   to the compliment,   and  Nelson   went   on,  " Why have you painted no more like  it ?"  " Because, my lord," West replied, " there are no  more subjects,"  " Ah,"'said the sailor, "I didn't think of that,"  " But, my lord," continued West, "I am afraid  your intrepidity will yet furnish me with another  such Hcene, and if it should I shall certainly avail  myself of it." v  " Will you ?" said Nelson���" will you, Mr, West?  Then I hope I shall die in the next battle I"  A few days later he sailed, his strangely expressed  aspiration was realized, and the scene lives upon  canvas. 10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  IV:.  V  I is probable that the Pathfinder  will ship to the Boundary Falls  smelter at no distant date.  For the wee'-: ending March 23  the matte shipped from the Trail  smelter was 1614 The bullion  amounted to 10jH tons.  The Cascade Record reports that  another shipment of 60 tons of  copper matte, was made last week  from the Mother- Lode smelter to  the refinery'at New York. Thurs-.  day 60 tons more were shipped,  making 180 tons shipped in three  weeks.  Advices from Hon<-lulu, February  27, state that a new 800-ton steam  schooner, purchased by the Samoan  Mining Company, will soon be running between Apia and Sydney,  and Capt. W. Best, formerly of the  Oceanic Steamship Company's  service, will be in command. The  schooner will be .run by the company mainly to transport gold-  beaiing black sand from the mines  near Apia to Sydney smelter.  The shipment of ore from Slocan  Lake points, up to and including  last  week from Jan..l, 1901, was :  Ions  Fr^m Bosun Landing  Bosun.  ....    180  From New Denver  Hartney *..     120  From Silverton  Hewett     ��20  From Enterprise Landing  Enterprise ;     120  From Slocan City  Arlington     840  Two Friends       40  Black Prince       60  Bondholder       50  Chapleau       15  Speculator....,       20;  Total............... .........  1965  Sufficient progress has been made  in the construction of the two additional lead furnaces at the Trail  smelter that it is expected that  operations may be started in the  course of the next two or three  weeks. The roasters are beinu  built at an estimated cost of $30,-  000, and when completed will  double the capacity of the works at  Trail, and the company will at,  once enter into contracts for lead  ores.  Following are ��he ore shipments  received at the Trail smelter lor the  week ending March 23 a*' reported  by the Trail Creek News :  1 oris  Centre Star  2624-J  War Eagle      749|  iron Mask        63  B.'C ���..    919  Goodeoough       57-J-  Rico .'    27|  Ivan hoe         91i  Monitor.;.....       59  Pontiac       27i  Enterprise..       19f  Fourtn of July ...".    * 34  Sullivan ���...-..:       57i  Arlington .._.      59|  Total... ,  4789i  Notice to Deiinpuent Co-Owner.  To Hiram B. Sweet, or to any person or persons to whom he may have transferred his  interest in the Montana mineral claim s'it-  uated about three-miles north  from  Ores-  ton, and recorded in the Recorder's Cilice for  the Goat River Mining Division :  'ion are hereby notified that we have expended four hundred dollars in  labour and  improvements-in order to hold said mineral  claim under the provisions of the  Mineral  Act, and if within ninety days from the date  of this notice you faiI or refuse to contribute  vour proportion.^' such expenditure together  with all cost of advertising, your interest in  said claim will become trie property of the  subscribers, u nder section 4 of an Act enti tied  an Act to amen d the Mineral At, 1000.  Dated this 81st day of December, 1900.  John P. Wilson,  JlSNtflEE.gJPAUJjDING,  Tan 2-1 By her attorney in fact  Samuel Lovatt  KOOTENAY  ...  .  COFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Dealers5n Tea and Coffee  We are offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas.  Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  . - pound $   -10  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. -  J. 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pou nds... ......  1.00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  1 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  1 00  Special Blend Ceylon rea, per p->und.    HO  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BA&CER     STREET,    NELSON  c>��wmaMtBaftMJBggg^  WADDS BROS.  TOGRAF  Vancouver and Nelson  VICTORIA STREET  Near Phair Hotel NELSON,   B.   C.  RAILWAY  NOW IS TIIE TIME  To Buy  Your  1 *    <$$*  Scotch and   Irish  TROUSERINGS.  FALL AND WINTER SUITS  MANAGER FORE, SKINNER,  9   Announces Large Importations of  ^ES, TWEEDS, WORSTEDS AND  THE OLD STAND, BAKER STREET  ��� minVHMlMMMMMUM  J  p  Si  ANNABLE  GENERAL BROKER  One seven-roomed house and  one three-room house  for rent.  Three  dwelling houses for sale 011 easy terms.  ^^lAXst"'""Royi" see annable  DIRECT   ROUTE  EAST  Toronto  Ottawa  Montreal   .  Boston   ,  Halifax  New York  WEST  Vancouver  Victoria  Skagway  Seattle  Portland  Sau Francisco  VIA  SOO LINE  m  fo St Paul and Chicago  Dining Cars  First-Class, Sleepers  Tourist Cars  DKI'AKTIJHNS .NKLHON AHIMVAliM  5,00      l Kootumiy r.��n.n<.lln�� Bloainoi' |      1.7.00  'Dally  I        Crow's Nostllouto.       J    Dally  8.00       (    Rowland ami Ronnilary   J      2'JJ0  .IflxBuni- Crook. Suction | Ex Sun  0.00       I 8locan City, Blocnn Litko j     M,4(i  IflxSun \       Points and Buiiclon        1 Ex Hun  ,18,-K)      )HohsUuk1, Columbia Hlvciw      22,in  n��n��    t   points,connoflMnw Kovol��<   Dally  stoke wltb main Lino      (  1.(1,00      )B. B.   Kokanoo   for  Kaslof      11,00  Ex Hun i    and JnUnnocllato Points  | E/mSuii  1.0,00      )B. B.   Kokanoo   for  Kaslof      11,0  ExBunj    and DHGnnorllato Points \ E/mSu  Eor Tlmo Tub Ins, Kates, Tlolcol-s apply  H, J,, HROW.N'  (Jlty 1'UHHonjjfm' A^ont,  J.S.MARTIOIl,  Dint. Pans, Afi't,,  Nelson.  K .1. rOYLK,  a, a, i', a.,,  Vanwuivor.  .<*.** ;i>,>,.'ii i\,\V ^/^U'-jAV.  tffc;,w��:��a^^

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