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The Economist Mar 12, 1904

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 A":  .    }  r   , * .v-   ;  .      j-" Jf     i y     i   -  "���'/"    -7    SL^"''*     a-/        -r.--^'        ^r  y-   ~><"f       jf  ..A  /.  ���- --,    .-''^.i-v^rsi  ������-'t?*^^r|  .    .      - . -..   -._ -a-t^r  -   - . V'-'v.^s.Ao.-;  , .> ' *���  ���-���>-:<-y\y  X^CTOR^:5-'''  ���i ***fc|  ���    -' ���ii',*!  ^"V-rtfl  VOLUME  VII.  NELSON, B. C, SATtJBDAY, MARCH 12, 1904.  NUMBER   _/ r ^"1  ews of the  mes  Speaking of tbe recent convention of  the Provincial Mining Association, the  Mining "Record says : "Since the lirst  Convention was held a year ago; tlie  suspicion tbat certain individuals who  Lad taken a prominent part in promoting the movement were actuated  chiefly by selfish motives has ceased to  exist, and it is now generally admitted  that the remedial legislation re-  comended by last year's Convention  and re-afflrmed at the recent meeting  would, if adopted by the Legislature,  assist very materially in improving the  conditions of mining in tue Province  and and in stimulating and promoting  the investment of capital in this indus-  tlie Fremont claim |ust southeast of  tlie Providence. They report the claim  as looking well and have a fow tons of  ore ready for shipment.  A. "E. Miller, acting for outside parties, has begun work on the Helen  claim, adjoin in a; the town site' of  Greenwood on the south. Some excellent ore was shipped out of this  propert,' in early day's.  Tbe Spokane-Boundary Mining Co.  was organized, this week in Spokane.  It is capitalised" at $100,000 and is  formed to do a general mining and  real estate business. Seven trustees  will manage the company's affairs, as  follows:  John   W.-Graham,   Simon  EVENTS AND GOSSIP  try.    AVe are unfortunately prohibited  Koscnhaupt,   Hal   J.   Cole,    Sol.   H.  by. reason of space limitations, from  commenting as we should havo wished  on the business considered and dealt  with at the Convention of 1904, but'  after all, comment here is stipcriluous,  when neither criticism nor objection  are its excuse. Ic i3 satisfactory to note,  Meyer, L. I. Oslroski, L. L. Adams  and S. M.-Babcbck.  . A letter bas been received from A.  J. McMillan, managing director ol'the  Snowshoe Gold and Copper Mines,  Ltd., from London, dated February  12t'i, stating that tbe meeting of the  umbift Copper Co., as some further details wei*<3 to be received from New  Yorlc.  SLOCAN MINING NOTES.  however, that tbe Government has company had not. yet been held for  given assurance of a friendly ditpo ition | the purpose of ratifying the amalgama-  towards the Mining Association, and | tion agreement with the British Col-  now no longer regards thatorganizafc'on  ���as without any .sufficient reason was  the case���with covert distrust and antagonism iii the assumption that it was  ��� in political opposition to thepresent  administration, and it is to be hoped  that it will now be clearly understood  " --    Slocan Drill.  .that in politics the Mining Association      Moro meu b.lve bccn put fco work at  as an  organization  is absolutely and   tj)e ��\_,jtoiue  distinctly non-partisan." .,-..  Slocan ore shipments last week were  11G tons.  Last week the  Sandon   mines   exported loi tons of ore.  The Ohio, d*ij >i;i':ig tho Speculator,  is to be crown granted thisspring.  -  A shortage of water caused tho Idaho  concentrator to shut down last week.  J. Smith and J.  Bleuch went.out on  At the present time there are several parties in the  city, representing large Eastern lumbering concern's,  who are anxious to secure timber limits in the Kootenay. Should they succeed, and it is quite certain they  will, within a few months there will be erected large  sawmills at various points tributary to Nelson. It is  now-almost sure that a big mill will be erected in Fair-  view the coming summer and other industties of the  same character are spoken of forthe near future. All  of this means much for the Kootenays. Tbe lumbering industry in full blast would result in the regular  expenditure of a large amount of money, anditseems  as if we were on the eve of great activity in this regard.  Geo. A. Hunter has just ordered five 20-foot 3-horse  power gasoline launches from the old reliable firm of  John   Gillies Estate Co.,  of Carleton   Place,   Ont.  These launches are built _on the  torpedo model, and,"  have sll the modern  improvements.     This  firm en A  joys the reputation of building the finest launches on*  this continent, and when this fleet arrives it will con-"  stitute  the prettiest, stauncbest and swiftest fleet of  gasoline lauuehes on the lake.   The following gentlemen    are  the owners of the new launches: Geo.  Thurman, Jas. A. Gilker, Carl Larsen, Peter Nelson  and Geo. A. Hunter.  BOUNDARY MINING NOTES.  Phoenix Pioneer.  It is anticipated that shipments from  the Athelstan will be resumed in about  a month."  The C. J'. R. steam shovel, which  was used for a time at the Granby j Wednesday to Lemon  creek to do as-  mines, lias not been in  use for same s-ssment work.  weeks.  The annual meeting of the International Coal and Coke Co., Ltd., was  ���held this week in Spokane, and tlie old  officers were re-elected.  A depth, of sixty_fcet has been at-  ta i n ed by th e con tractors w h o are'si 11 k-  , ing oh tlie Don Pedro in , Providence  camp, about two miles below Phoenix.  The shaft is being well timbered as (lie  work proceeds.  The stay of proceedings obtained by  the Bank of Montreal iu the sale of  the assets of tho Winnipeg Mine?, Ltd.,  for mechanics' liens will come up for  hearing in the Supreme Court at Victoria on the first Tuesday in April.  Messrs. Galloway and . Robinson  have been working for some time on  The amalgamation scheme between  the B. C. Copper Co. and the Snow-  shoe Co. has fallen through.  Tuesday evening tlie Slocan brought  down livo tons of ore from the Pinto,  one of the Mollie.Hughes group, New  Denver.  Geo. Henderson, Noil Gething and  Fred Johnson have gone- up to. the  Red Fox mine, McGuigan, to take out  ore fur shipment on their own account.  ��� a       . '���'    .  Tlie Ottawa sent out another car of  ore on Monday to tl.e Nelson smelter,  and will likely sen 1 out two more before the end of the month. Sleighing  lias become vey heavy, owing to the  rains destroying the roads at this end.  Operations at Uie mine will be hampered by the roads breaking up.  oundary  hipments  It is understood that Mr. Justice Duff will take up  his permanent residence in Vancouver, thus complying with the demand of Terminal City litigants for a  resident Supreme Court Judge.  " Prof." Hepburn was presented by his pupils with  a watch on his birthday, one day this week. - There  ���are some people in this town mean enough to hint  that " Prof." Hepburn has a birthday whenever he  feels like it.  adelphia, andover 2,coo birds are expected to enter  the cotitest. It will be held on the Fourth of July,  and in all probability most of the pigeons will cover  the distatice in ten hours. The present record for the  flight is 1,603 yards in a minute, which iu a 500-  mile race should enable birds of ordidary speed to  finish wishiu ten or twelve hours.  The Nelson Business.College is succeeding even  beyond the expectations of its promoter. Already a  large number of young people are availing themselves  of this opportunity of securing a good business training, and the capacity ofthe new rooms is taxed to its  utmost. Amongst those taking lessons are many  from outside towns. In this regard Nelson is greatly  benefitted by the college.  L  P,  ocal and  Xrovincial  Lacrosse clubs are being organized at  the coast.  Cranbrook still thinks it needs to be  incorporated.  In Nelson, Sunday, March 6, the  wife of Eugene P. Miller gave birth to  a son.  On Sunday. March 6, a son was bom  to the wife of Daniel Grant, Ceder  street, Nelson.  At Ymir, on Monday, the 14th inst.,  W. A. Jowett will hold a Court of Ee-  vision and Appeal. .  There is nothing new in the political situation. It  is now generally understood that the Dominion elections will not take place for at least nine mouths, and  it may be a year. Therefore campaign work has been  practically suspeuded by both Liberals and Conservatives for the time being.  At their Barracks, on Victoria St., on Friday eveii-  iug March 18th, the Salvationists will give an entertainment. A musical programme bas been arranged  and at the close light refreshments will be served.  There will be an admission fee of 25 cents charged.  The monthly meeting of the Board  of Trade was held at the rooms at 8  o'clock Thursday evening.  The University club will hold ite  regular monthly meeting in the" Success club room to-night at 8 o'cloak.-  The ladies of Kaslo are to give a musical entertainment in aid of the hospital  of that city.  A telephone system will probably be  established between Kelownaand Arm.  strong in the near future.  S. Sanderson, the Ymir hardware  merchant, has disposed of his business  to TJ. S. T. Koss, of that town.  There will be a meeting of St. #at-"  rick's Society at the Board of Trade*  rooms next   Monday evening to  arrange for the celebration of St. Patrick's  day.   A full attendance is requested.  .  At Grand Forks, last Tuesday, "VV.  Chalmers had his left arm so badly  crushed in some machinery" while  working in the smelter that ib was*  necessary to have it amputated above-  the arm.  G. M. Annable, -M. L. A., Moose  Jaw, Conservative candidate for the  Dominion House, and brother of J. E.  Annable, is in the city.  Dudley BlacKwood returned from  Ingersoll, Ont., Thursday,, where he  had been in charge of the remains of  his father, who died at "Vancou ver about  three weeks ago.  The Sandon Standard is endeavoring  to secure a bank for Sandon and a coffin  for New Denver, and now the News-  Gazette is urging upon the citizens of  Grand Forks the necessity of having a  a cemetery for that city.  EL Gintzberger, who sets the fashions  for Hall street, has just returned from  New York city, where he was married  a month ago. . Mr. Gintzberger is receiving with "becoming modesty the  congratulations of his friends.  The Success club has added a shuffle board to its  equipment, and already great interest is being taken  in the game, which might be described as " summer  curling."  The popularity of the homing, or carrier, pigeon  has been greatlv enhanced in tbe last few years by the  annual races held in different parts of the United  Stales. At the prssent time fanciers are arranging  for a race during the coming summer, which will  eclipse anything heretofore attempted. The race will  be ior  500 miles, from Spartanburg, N.   C, to Phil-  Now that the winter is over and spring is with us,  some interest is being taken in lacrosse and other  summer sports. It is suggested that the lacrosss boys  should meet at once, and prepare their plans for the  summer.  The Clara Mathes company has written to Manager  Annable for dates early in April. It is understood  that the Olympia Opera company will be here during  the same month.  Last Duel in Ontario.  The following table gives the ore shipments of Boundary mines for 1902  1904, and for last_week :  Granby Mines, Phoenix    .  Snowshoe, Phoenix  Brooklyn, Phoenix    .  Mother "Lode, Deadwood  Sunset, .Deadwood      .  Morrison, Deadwood       .  3J. C. Mine, Summit .  R. Bell, Summit '.-.���'  "Emma, Summit .       .       .  Senator, Summit Camp .  Oro Denoro .       .       .       .  "Winnipeg,Wellington    .  Golden Crown, "Wellington  Athelstan, Wellhittton    .  King Solomon, W.  Copper  No. 7 Mino,  Central  City of Paris, Central .  Jewel, Long Lake   .        .  Canni, West Fork  Providence, Providence .  Elkhorn, Greenwood .  15. P. Ui and-Goldfinch -.  -Euby, Boundary Falls  Miscellaneous  .       .  Total, tons.       .  1903  ssw.-is  74,212  VAQA'Xl  Io,7;U"  s,;*;*.')  .    19,30-J  22,937  15 ,���*,'-* 7  2,4:��  G.Cj'40  mo  400  1��7  1901   Past Week  ]02,��40 10.8S0  ��� 5,1').*>  1 .'>:*'j  S.17J  4,090  99  2(>4  S23  204  l-}!>  140  100  13h>,4;>7       17,8-38  The death in Toronto -recently of Mrs. Elizabeth  Wilson, widow of the late Hon. Mr. Justice John  Wilson, of the Coujt of Common Pleas,Who died  June 3rd, 1869, revives an intf.resting story in a recent issue ofthe Perth Courier. Mrs. Wilson was a  sister of His Honor Judge Iiughes, of St. Thomas,  Out., who has just retired from the bench in his 84th  year.  " What is known as the Wilson-Lyon duel was  fought on the 13th of June, 1833, known in Can-  alian history as ' The last duel fought iu Ontario.'  Tbe quarrel betvvean the two you lg men, principals in  the tragic affair, was the outcome of rivalry for the  affections of Miss Hughes, a young lady assistant in  Miss Ackland's private school in Perth, and the result was the death of young:Lyon by Wilsoi*, both  law students in the town at the time. The duel was  fought one bright June afternoon in a field on the  banks ofthe Tay, beyond the Scotch line, on the farm  now owned'by Mr. Archibald McLaren, and the exact  spot can y<t be peinted out. "Miss Hughes wasa  a young English lady, daughter of a Unitarian minister, brought from England by the late Mr Benjamin  Workman, of Montreal. Her brother, John Hughes,  recently retired, found his way to Perth, also, and-in  =-1834 worked for a year or so in the Courier office,  then" managed by the present ex-Sheriff Thompson.  The }*6ung; lady  was a most attractive person, and  s me time after the duel was married to the survivor  of the two combatants, Mr. John Wilson, who afterwards became quite an eminent lawyer in Toronto,  then a superior court judge. He was a native of Scotland, and came with his parents when a child to Dal-  housie, where there are still near relatives ofthe family. The Scotch line was the border line between the  old districts of Bathurst and Johnstown, and when  young Wilson was arrested for the death of Lyon he  had to be taken to Brockville for trial, and underwent imprisonment of three months in jiil there for  his offence.  "It is said by some that at the first shots of the two  dneliists the pistols were loaded with powder alone,  and there is no doubt that when the shots proved  harmless both men wished that to end the affair, but  one of the seconds, D^ Lievrer-insisted on a second  trial, and this time the weapons were loaded with  ball, and when the pistols were discharged young  Lyon fell dying, shot through the heart. The headstone, with the inscription to the memory of Robert  Lyon, who 'fell in mortal combat,'was erected at his  grave, at the foot of the Radenhurst plot, by his  Friends, by the efforts of one them, the late Mr.  William Fraser, afterwards country treasurer. The  headstone is one ofthe historical features of the Anglican burying ground in Perth, and there are few  people in town and vicinity but have seen and traced  out the now dim outlines of the sad epitaph."  How H  orne  T  rade.  Id is con Aden tly expected that  within three months the-' new mining  camp of Poplar will contain at least  live thousand inhabitants. These figures, of course, do not include the number of people who will rush into the  Lardeau and tributary milling camps  during tbe season. That this belief is  becoming general i3 best evidenced by  the efforts that are being put forth by  the merchants on the other side of the  Boundary line to control the outfitting  of tlie new camp. Seattle andSpokane  merchants are already reaching out for  the outfitting trade that by rights  should come to the Nelson business  men. It is a repetition of what happened during the rush to the Klondyke  in 1897 and 1S98. Seattle merchants  practically controlled the trade of tliat  territory, while the Vancouver and Victoria merchants slumbered, waiting for  the business to come to them without an  effort ou their part. No one blamed the  wide-awake merchants of Seattle���they  only    employed    modern    legitimate  T  ime to  M  ove.  A correspondent writes The Economist urging an aggressive campaign  on the part of the citizens of Nelson in  the matter of encouraging tourist travel  in this direction. It is pointed out tliat  tbe railways would be only too pleased  to co-operate In a campaign that would  prove mutually profitable to the parties  concerned. It is further emphasized  that the cities of Victoria and Vancouver have reaped-a rich harvest from  tourist Travel during the past year, ar.d  tbe writer c-.u^ycUj that Nelson would  find such a trade equally profitable.  Tbe points of this correspondent are  well taken. Tourist travel is richer  than some gold mines. Here we  have around Nelson the grandest  scenery to be found in any place  on this continent, if not the  whole world, not excepting the far-  famed Switzerland.   We have a sum  mer climate that ls cool and inviting*.  v  fishing that delights the heart of the  sportsman, and Indeed everything that  goes to make a pleasing change in llic  life of the roan who has spent ten  months of the year in an office in any  of tbe large cities. In recent years it,  has beeome popular to spend the summer months at home, instead of goinj.  abroad, aud theintendingtravellerisoii  the lookout for some new point of interest. Why not use every eudcavor !*>  bring Nelson to his attention. We have  nothing to fear by comparison. Those  who have already visited us have been  loud in their praises of what they have  seen, und no doubt others who would  come would be equally well pleased. lit  the meantime, ihe great question i-v  how best can Nelson be brought to the  attention of the tourist. A study ofthe  methods employed at the coast might  help to solve this problem.  ���^���?l  ;;������."#.  X ' * 1 ,-_  business  methods to   secure a'most  --  lucrative    trade.       Thoy   ad vert 7^1      i  in every paper tbat the cityofSeMic   '-  possessed the best facilities for outfit-  ting purposes to be found any placo on���  the coast, and they secured the business.   It remains to be seen if Nelson  merchants   will    permit   the   Poplar  trade to slip  through their fingers in  the same way.   If they intend to play  the   game they   will at once devise a  -  method  that will   best  conserve   the  trade for Nelson.   Jf they are indifferent now, they must  not complaindf  Spokane aud Seattle merchants monopolize  a trade that   should   be completely, co n t roi led _by_ th is_ci ty, No w   is the time to act in this matter. A  first-class man should be placed iu  charge of the advejtising campaign,  and its should be heralded broadcast  throughout the land that Nelson and  Nelson alone is the convenient ami  profitable place to outfit for tlie new  camp. Here issomething to arouse aa  aggressive spirit in the Nelson Board  of Trade. THE NELSON ECONOMIST  i lie economist  Published every Saturday afternoon at  Verso Jf Street. Nklsox, B. C.  $1.00 Per Year in Advance  Advertlslnj  tioa.  ; rates made known on applica-  All changes in uclyC'llMi.neiits to Insiiri-  Insertion sliould reach this ollice not later  Uui-i Thursday at IJ o'clock.  "When change or address Is required, It- i��  desirable tluit hollulic old address and the  new be given.  Address all communications. " PuWislicr of  The jN'elson Ucoxoxist. Nelson. IS. C."  EDITORIAL  COMMENT.  On Thursday next, the Seventeenth  of March, the Irishmen and sons of  Irishmen, of all creeds and parlies, resident in Kelson or the vicinity "of Nelson, -will gather to celebrate the festival  of their Patron Saint and recall the  glories of Lhe Land of Lhe Shamrock.  The love of all islanders for their  native land or mother land is proverbial,  aud the Celtic peoples iu particular  have ever been famous for .their attachment to the homes of their race, but  there is something unique in the love  which, the Emerald Isle inspires in all  her sons, whether their lineage bo Celt  or Saxon or Norman or D.itie, whether  they be sprung from the old people of  the land, from the Norm ui invader of  the Pale, from Lowland Scot of Ulster,  or EngLish Puritans of Lho Settlement.  Irishmen have beeu unhappily divided by racial, religious aud-political'  strife during nearly all the history of  their little island, but the anniversary  of thBit* Saint's day and the sight of a  green ribbon or a bti ncli of shamrocks,  establishes a bond of sympathy and  affection which is stronger than any  spirit of faction, and they unite to toast  the Green Isle and to glory in the  achievements of Irish name and blood  iu every cause. o  Nor is tliat achievement little: no  part of the British dominions lias contributed, in proportion to its population half so many great names to the*  pages of our Imperial history. During the last century three prime ministers, Lord Castlereagh, Lhe Duke'ol  Wellington and Lord Pahnerston-, were  of Irish birth. To oratory Ireland has  given Edmund Lurke, unsurpassed for  eloquence in any age or country, to  diplomacy the late Marquis Du(Turin,  to parliament, beside the premiers,  Grattan, Curran, O'ConneJl and Paruell, to the law the laic -Lord'Russell,  of Killowen,      ... R   Rut-it���is-iti-uii Hi tary_achiev.emenL  that Irt'land's eminence is most  marked ; the little island lhat has given  Wellington a**d B-jrciftird; and in our  own clay, Wdlscluy, Roberts, Kitchener  and Sir George While, has no rival as  u nurse of great soldiers.  Rut Irishmen have ever been rovers ;  there is scarcely a laud in Europe or  America that docs not t: ensure among  its proudest memories the name of one  or more great Irishmen.  Here's prosperity to the Emerald Isle  and good luck to all Irishmen under  all Hugs so long as Lhey honor aud revere the sacred home land.  We Print  Letter Heads,  Bill Heads,  Statements,  Note Heaas,  Envelopes,  Business Cards  Dodgers,  Tags,  Etc., Etc., Etc.  Complete Stock of Statloney  Orders by Mail Receive Prompt Attention.  VERNON    STREET,   NELSON, .B.  G  E.ANNABL  GENERAl BROKER  One seven-roomed house and  one three-room bouse  for rent. ���  Three dwelling houses for sale oil easy terms.  One Lot on Stanley street.,; opposite Royal  Hotel for sale at a bargain.       ."  SEEANNA-BLE  H.McCAUSL  Boots and Shoes made to order. Invisible Patching  a Specialty. Only Union Men Employed. My stock  of fine ready-made work lowest priced in the city.  r    " NEELANDS' OLD STAND, BAKER S  _�� ress  omment  Blulrmorc Times.  It is not considered necessary in polite society to pronounce tlie Russian  and Japanese names sent out by Lhe  ���Vt'ar=cojrc3pondcnt3.-=^ouaureaabJibci.ty=  to turn around and back over them or  if they arc'too long you can drive  around.  monial Sold or to tho unalloyed bliss of  a lirst e xperience.  Morrissey Despatch.  Ladies',   Misses',   Children's  and   Infants'  Shoes.  Men's and Boys' Shoes, Rubbers,  Cardo-  gatis, Overshoes and Creepers.  Warm Felt Slippers.  ear New rosi-onice  o  WALLPAPERS,  PAINTERS AND DECORATORS,  SIGN WRITING,  PICTURE FRAMING.  ROOM MOULDING.  T      -  T..  .C  NELSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  Head Office Nelson, B. C.  Branch  Markets   in   Rossland,   Trail,   Nelson, Kaslo, Sandon,,Three  Forks, New Denver and Slocan City.  Orders by Mail to any branch will have  prompt  and  carefu] alien  ion.  ku.mm Mm Lo  Wholesale and Retail  Dealers in'  "Willi the prospect of good times the  couiisi-r stiiiwncr, several Nelson landlords have raised the rents on their  tenants. It was generally bel'ovecl  that the average bushier man of Nelson vasyieldiiij�� to tlie rapacity of tlu*  landlords about as inucb aa could be expected under existing c*:uli turns, but  the latter appear to hold a contrary  opinion, and in sonic cases have advanced the rents twenty per cent. It  is sometimes complained that Nolson  is an expensive place in which to live,  but how can ii. be otherwise when merchants have to pay such exorbitant  rents. About the meatieat tiling in  connection with this attempt to crowd  our business men to the wall, is tlie  fact that some of the victims have  only recently gone to considerable expense in fitting- up their places, and  now find they will be additional losers  in this respect if they do uot submit to  the demands of the landlords.  Koolenny Mall.  We have received word from a reliable eastern source that tlieC. P. lt.  have definitely decided on building a  new station a Itevelstoke this year,  and that the appropriation has deli-  uitcly passed. It is expected the contract will be let at an early date. This  will be good news not only to the railway stuff but to theeitizensand travelling public.  Moyie Leader.  The people of Moyie, and the district  generally, are somewhat disappointed  over the outcome of the protracted  meeting held in Nelson this week between tbe ndneowners and smelter-  men. Ail were in hopes that an amicable agreement would be reached and  tliat the St. Eugene would be Riven an  opportunity to secure a contract for its  output and that tlie big property  would soon be in operation again.  Victoria Tiincs.  A happy bridegroom, a resident of  Seattle of course, when applying for  the license was stricken with dismay on  discovering that lie had forgotten the  name of ids blushing bride. The newspaper which gleefully published the circumstances of thcincideiitdid not state  whether the confusion of mind was due  to diligent cultivation of the nmtri-  The government work has not yet  commenced on'..the new bridge at Mor-  rissey. Doubtless the officials who  have the looking after this know what  they are doing, but whether tbey care  or not is another question. They should  understand tliat if the-work is not begun at once it will be impossible to be?  gin it until July, as the June and early  July high water would undo the work  unless it were woll advanced. The  deluy would mean lhat about four more  months of unnecessary waiting for tho  erection of 'the bridge- would have to be  put up with. We would like to see  sonie stone and timber on the spot.  Grand Forks Ncws-Osuetle.  Although we live in a climate conducive of longevity aud he'ilthfulncss  people have bce'n known to die iu this  district. Hence tlie necessily for steps  boing taken to provide the city wi.th a  cemetery to meet the inevitable needs  of ibe future. The present burying  ground is entirely inadequate for the  Camps supplied on shorten ���  notice and lowest prices.  Mail orders receive careful  attention.  Nothing but fresh and  wholesome meats and supplies  kept in stock.  ��. C. TRAVES. Manager  WADDS BROS.  HQTOGRAPHERS.  Vancouver and Nclsc-n  BAKER STREET, NELSON,  B. C  Certificate of Improvements.  I    Yukon* VrarMonnl   Mineral Claim, situate  Direct Line,    Lori Hates  .TCii'st     '  West  WI uul peg:  Vaiipoiivr  Toronto  Victoria  (HI mm  Hoattlo  Montreal  I'ortlaiid  Now York  San Francisco  Vln .Soo I'sielfic Houto St. Paul, Chicago and  St. Louis.  S.S,  Service fa Vancouver  KcuMle, Alaska, Jiipnu. Clilna,  ti-nlia.  Hawaii, Aus-  purpose aud many objections are being ,��� i,i,cNeiso^n?dnK revision of West Kootc-  made against its location .within the /''^i^kLuu : on near'Creek, 3 miles  corporation limits.     AVearc informed , ^"konoticoiiint I. .n,i,n McLatci.lc.of the  'Mint    viri.ina   iilu.il   cUnu   M-iil.i,,   ,,,   ..    '���'"���.vol   Nelson, ncling :is n^eii t for Patrick  mat   various weal sites vitlnu easy   imi>-, Free Minor.s .jeriin��ite No. V. S3,M3,  rrfinli nf tlineiK- fin l,r> ��<.oii,-o.l ��, ��� ., W*tlll;im M. l.'oiroy. VYec Miner's Certlllcute  rcacil 01   tlie tltj    call   UO  SCCmed   tit tl   No.5S.hW2. A. .1. lUisrltcs, Freo Miner's Cert if].  \v����i.i.-.��. it i       ��'to No. !5 .*y 57(1. iiiirt John Ryan, Free Min-  *��> otuun t it Ue   i:i*k LVrtififnte No. B CJi.Cfi'l. intend sixtr diiys  '  *'     "  '    ��� ���     lo the Minln;,'  .. e ot Improvements  for tlie purpose of obtsiininga Crown Grant ol  thi; above einliii.  .Ami further t;ike notice, that notion inuier  Section H7 must be commenced before t he is-  Kuiineeofsueii Certtlicnle of Improvements.  Dated this 22nd dny of December, 1903.  John McUvtcuie.  Thrnueli bookings to England and the Continent viuaSI H.y.lines.  very moderate ligu re.  a Rood idea;lor representatives of var-, ^t^!? lA^^^ti '�� thC 5"n'*  ious congregations to meet and discuss  tlie matter. If action is deferred higher  prices for real estate than those 'that obtain'tit present  will  have  to be paid. I  The respect of  a community for its  dead can be easily judged by tlie char- *JOB   PRINTING AT  ucter of its public cenictry.,, ' ECONOMISTOFFJCE  For timo tables,ralos nnd  pty to local agents, or write,  J.S. OA.KTER,  Dlst.Pass. Agt.,  Nelson.  lnfsrmatloji.ap-  E.J. COYLM.  A. G- V.A.  Vancouver  Insurance,   Real   Estate   and  Mining  Agent  Fire, Accident and  Plate  Glass  Insurance  Houses and offices to rent and lots for sale iu all parts of the city-  Ranch and farm lands in all parts of Kootenay.  Tbe Scottish Union and National Insurance Co.  Tlie,Manchester Assurance Co.  The Railway Passengers Assurance Co.  Lloyd's Plate Glass Insurance Co.  The Kootenay Valleys Co., L'td, London, Eng.  Nelson City Land aud Improvement Co.  h        ys**e>g a  BAKER ST., NELSON. B. C  P.O.BOX 223  *J���-A A���t*t      A      aft      A      a+a      A      .���_      _���_      _���-      -���- -.. _,��������� . _m*_m    ._.*���        *-       >.      >- �����.       .�����       >.       .���������       -ta.       >?_,       .��.       Jk.  f ^V   V   ���������   V   *��*   v   v���v���v���v���v���v���v���v���v���v���v���v���'*������v���v���v���v���v���������������V  1E. F E RG U SO N.&Cu.  'I NELSON, B. Cr  \        The largest exclusively Wholesale Liquor  House ia   the in:  *f terior.  PABBT BEER  in pints and quarts.  Dawson's " Extra Special"  Scotch.    Granda Cig-ars,  Mitchell's Heather Dew Scotch etc.    Earl'of Minto etc.  A full line of importer! and domestic Liquors and Whtes.  ��?���?  ���I���<���������>  'ELS  GTRIG  LTD.  >       N.E.T. TIMETA  BLE.  STANLKY STREET���  7.00         7.40  S 2oa."m.'  9-00         9.40  10.20  Ever}r 40 minutes until io.2ot p. in.  BOGUSTOWN ���  7.20         .00        S 40  9,20 a. ui  io.oo     10.40  11.20  Every 40 minutes until 10.40 p. m.  REALES7  Lots.     Warehouses.     Offices.  The Car Barn, Phone 165B.  Apply A.-.Y. MASON,. Mali. Sec.  k. strachan  JAn  3S  iimDeran<  Estimates Given  on General  Plumbing,-  Bewer Connections, Etc. -  Baker Street, near Ward  Street^ Kelson.  Ofthe Latest Designs  ARRIVING DAILY.  dice Line of Trouserings.  John  ���MERCHANT-TAILOR  V/ard St., next new P. 0. E!t5g., Kelson  Bartlett House  C Formerly Cl:i rko IIou se)  The best Si per day bourse in Kelson.  .None but white help employed.    Tlie bar  tlie best.  Frar_k  Fletcher-  PROVINCIAL LAND BUIiVEYOK  J^andsatid MineralCInlmsSuTycycd  and Crovrn Cfranted  r. O. Box 553       Oflice: Kootenny St. Nelson  W. G. Gillett  Builder   and   Contractor  50   YEARS'  EXPERIENCE  Trade Marks  Designs   .  Copyrights &c  Atiyonosenaing nBkeldi mi<1 Seaerljitlon mny  qulnlcly lucoruiti our o|>lni��!t irco wlicther nn  invention Is probnbly i>nlent ulilB. Commuiilni-  Hoiib strictly confidential- ]Ii��!*(It>oo1c on Patenta  sent freo Oldest npency fci'SGcuri^iri'atmitfl.  I'aleuts tahen tliro-UKli BLiliul & Co. receive  special notice, without cIihibo, 111 tlio  " cletisifflc' Jf mericasto  A nnndanmclsr Illustrated wetUy.  dilation of nn>- sclentllle Jounta.1  *   ���   loir *   "  r,nrirC3t cir-   ..      Terms, fS a  Sold b-y n.11 newsdeulern.  rc:ir; four niontlia. $!_ .  TONH grOo.361B'oa^'He\v York  Brajicb Office. 625 P St, ���\Vash.instou, I>. C.  SewingiVlacliines end Pianos  For Rent and for Sale  I Old Cufiosiif Shop, JosepSiin. %-Mm  Fred J. Squire  . Tents and Avulngs miLaeaad.repnErj.1..  Estimates given on stone, brick  aud woodwork.  G. W.   Bartlett,    Prop' Brick and Lime for Sale  Clotliing cleaned, and mended.  Owr the Walta-Mifcr"���&., Mm THE   NELSON ECONOMIST  i-___*^S-__-*___-��*__��*-_*^*a*^3^S*^^Sge-^SS^S^^S^S^ffii^^  A.y-m  ���-- '   ...T-VfjfH  -' A:tZM  A- Azym  ��� -~.-"-,r  '       7''A'~  -,'l -.'- A:-\jJt I  -   '".-t:,T$'  ������' A!i?|  A7M  ' ��� '���'yAM  AM  *>xlf  You wi  e        ���  requiring  PAPERS  This Spring.   See Us about it   Large New Stock  @  The only  really first-class  Piano made in the Dominion of Canada.  Hear them.   Buy them from us.  See them.  A/M  ������',�����.'  Ak?\  ��� -AA \  ���\ *���  5 each.     Yours at $30 each.  anys  222SES3E22SSE  ���^���^���sa-^ggsESEgg^^^  Caught in a Stampede.  IT WO years as��, when tlie cowboys  of north-eastern Arizona camo  together to fiincl o\it who wp.s the  "bftst man" in various- -ways,. .Tames  Evans won the* stcsr-tying- champion-  ��� ship'by. rop ins, throwing and tying a  vicious steer in .twenty-four seconds.  Eat in a recent round-up the champion  did a more remarkable thing, by which,  says the Kansas City "Star," he saved  his own ana another man's life.  "While he and some companions were  camping for the night on. a high tableland, which ended a. few miles away Ib  an abrupt drop of two hundred feet, a  storm swept throu.jh the mountains.  Made nervous liy the lightning, the  herd of fifteen hundred cattle stampeded in tho directimi of the precipice.  Evans and his men mounted hurriedly  and, circling to. the front of the mad-  -de*ned-acattle,=HtriedHOw.ithosv.hoQps7..aiK'i  revolver-shots to turn them back.  In the dense .blackness of the night  Evans's'horse missed his footing and  went down in-a-heap, onfj leg in a  gopher-hote. The horse of a cowboy  named Davis, running close behind,  stumbled over Evans's horse, and Davis, too, came to earth and lay still,  unconscious.  Fifty yards aw.17 came the herd, and  a. short flash of lightning showed Evans the situation. The swiftly moving  sea of cattle reached one hundred yards  each way. Unable to arouse Davis,  and never thinking <of leaving his disabled comrade, Evans took the only  chance of saving both. He emptied his  own revolver and his companion's into  the center ��_ the her_. cutting a breach  In the front of the mass. Then, throwing the Inanimate Corm of Davis over  hio shoulder, he awaited his opportunity.  As one of the leaders brushed by,  Evans, with one movement, put the  body of Davis across the shoulders of  the Bteer, ana mounted, also. Vainly  the animal leaped, bucked and side-  Jumped. With "his lees wrapped tightly around the body of hl3 mount, Evans  drove his spurs deep in, and held himself and Davis In place.  The steer, wild with rage, agony and  fright, rapidly left the herd in the rear,  and, veering to the right in a furious  gallop, carried his riders out of danger.  Then Evans roiled off the back of liU  strange rescuer, and a half-hour later,  when his cowboys turned the herd at  the rim of the canyon, and rode iback to  look for the foreman and Davis, thay  found them, both unconscious. Tho  weary steer, with' his sides covered  with blood, lay exhausted a short dis-  iance away.  The outBt ordered a medal for Evans,  and tlie steer has been pensioned for  life on the best alfalfa in the valley.  terms.   Tlie names ol the various officers  of a ship illustrate this most vividly.  "Captain" comes straight from tho  Tjstin "caput," a Qicnd; bat "mute" owes  nothing-to any dead language. 'The word  is almost identical with the Icelandic  "mati," which means a "-'companion .or  pqunl. Tlie' derivation of "coxswaiv."  would never be suspected. Coxswain was  originally the man wlio pulled tlio after  oar of the captain's boat, then known  as a cock "boat. "Cock boat" is a corruption of the word "coracle," and, as  most people know,.the coracle, is a small  round boat used for fishing on some oi  the Welsh rivers, such as the Wye and  Uslc.o So coxswain comes to us from the  Welsh. Otlicr languages are also pressed  into the service. -  "Commodore" is simply tlie Italia*  "Commandatorc," or -commander, am1  "naval cadet-*' was originally tHc Frcncl.  u "cap-let,"   which,   going   a  step   furllio*  ���back, lias the saiiia  origin as the  wore!  ojMpljnn^^hoj-j^^^^  Odd Origin of Sea Terms.  '; How many people imagine that  that familiar word "admiral" 5 3  anything but a thorough English!  "Word? Probably the last origin any  would give it is Eastern. Yet its derivation is simply "Emir el Bngh," which \i  'Arabic for Lord of the Sea.  There is liardly a la-.iguagc  that vm  have not put under contribution for sea  oinnly is that originally .all. navaf cadet  wore "younger sons of lioble families, wlic  served as privates previous to obtaining  their commission."     .  There wns never such a person su  -"Davy .Tones," thougli we frequenth  heat* of his locker. One ought to talk o  "Duffy Jonah's locker." "Duffy" is'tin .  vWesfc Indian negro term for spirit o;  ghost, -while "Jonah" refers to tlie prophet of that name.  "Dog watch" is another curious cast  of a term gradually corrupted out ofltn  original form. Originally..it was "Codg  watcli," so described bseause it last--  only two instead of the usual four hours  and thus makes it possible that the same  men shall not be on duty every day during the-same hours. "Dog watches," it  called, are from 4 to (3 and 6 to 8 in th-  evening.  Sailors call meat "junk." It is not a  complimentary term, for junk is nautical  for a rope's end. Some 3,000 years apropos were made out of bullrushes, fo:  which the Latin word ..is "juncus.'-'  Nowadays wc talk of "porfarcd "star  board." Originally it was "larboard" nn.'  "starboard." Starboard has nothing t<  do with stars. It is really "steor board.'  Anglo-Saxon for '.'sti-ir side," because ir  old galleys steered by an onr the oa;  was fixed somewhat "io the rightli:iinside of the stern, and the helmsinai.  held the ini/jard poition in hta riglv  hand. As for "larboard," it is prob  ably a corruption of lower board, tin  larboard side being originally considered,  iii'fcrior to the other.  "Sheet anclior*' is the name given. t<  the largest anchor carried by a vessel  It is almost 33 complete a corruption ,���>.-  "dog watch.'' "Sheet anchor" is really  ''shote" anchor, so called bacausa it en:;,  from its grea,t weight, be easily shot O'.ii  in case of emergency.  Again, "jury mast" lias nothing.di  rcctly to <lo with���a. law court jury,  though both have como from the saint-  original word, "jour," the French for d:ty  Jury mast, thus mcar;s a mast put u;j  temporarily���for a ifoy���just as jury i*  (he legal term implies a tribunal summoned for a short period only.  Miss Antique���1'l.v.y say^hls d:���"���!**���'i-  tions are telling o' i'i. Miss C' i;i**j  (his loyal fiancee)---**!"' i 's his : \c-iCi  vho are doing all tlisL.  SMOKE  THE   CELEBRATED  BRIAR   PIPES.  m  ?7'7AA  0)  a,  <  x  </>  o  a  <  UJ  -j  LU  X  u,  O  UJ  o  7. i  Nottingham, England.  Nevy Out Mild, Medium and Fu   Navy Mixture.  Navy  Cut  Cigarette  Tobacco,  J   Pedigree Tobacco, Navy Cut |  Cigarettes.  Tobaccos and Cigarettes are Second to ft one  WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTING AGENTS FOR WESTERN CANADA.  Turner,  CO,,.L'td, Victoria, B. C.   *  >t>  4  L _.__ ..,���   W. A Thurman  Deffol for Briar Pipes, Nelson  Dominion snd  Provincial  Land Surveyor  Qji.S.G.'CuslflinsilaJso, Nelson  MONTREAL^ Sole Manufac  turers ofthe "Pinto Shell Cor  dovan" Gloves and Mitts  R_ H. CAR LEY, B. C. Agf*  $7.50 PER TON,  DELIVERED  All r.rcUrs niuft he accotni'iinud by rneh and 'lioulJ Ve foi warded  tiil.er 1 mcii-iliy or l.y ii;siil to ihe office of  W, P. TIER-KEY, GENERAL AGEKT ^HE NELSOK ECONOMIST  The. Plague of Statistics.  sf~\ ISCt:��SlMCr'"The  Plcswe  ot"  SU��  \   I     t:c.iL3" in tho "Atlantic Month-  rij     ly,"     Euscne    Richard    White  s*'*     nuy-i:  "iVe have come so to rely upon nii-  jne.icr.1 o:*Pi-cs-Ion that numhors stand  he! it as end nnd moans; no longer da.r��  wc pppeal io ihe emotions, no longer  -ilo iv.cn ��,way men v.-ith truth oi" words.  F;i;t7, anil the exact expression ot  them, are v.-hat 7ve seem to desire. Fast  Ers v.*e !l>*av,-j:ig the chllli'ijr robes about  us; last have our liner instincts, our  hlg'her powers, become drugged, with  sums total.    Judging from the mean?  . taken to convince and excite us, as a  rata we are becoming incapable of  any reason not expressed by one of the  (Treat divisions oC mathematics.   PyLha-  "* goras would be delighted indeed to see  our reverence for numbers; for we bow  lower than did he, and for less reason...  "But what actually is the extent of  the evil?   AVe can hardly measure the  effects arisht without knowing the extent;   how greatly are  we  afflicted by  lt?    The  children   of   the  imagination  were long in bondage to science.   Now  they  wnndor,   let  us  hope  not  a full  forty years, in-the wiUlerness of purely  scientific  expression,   the   arid,   sterile  waste of statistics.    What function of  public life has not been unduly brought  under    this   dread   domain? -   "Understanding    quantity    by   instinct    and  quality not at  all, "the appeal is made  at once to arithmetic.   "Would we convince the average American?   Experience has  taught  that it can  best he  done by figures.   The Zerah Coiburn in  him is most alert.    Do not the newspapers rely upon ihis itrait continually';  Latterly, our editorial pages are digests  of tables prepared by various commissions. Docs the pulpit scorn this means  of   arousing   interest?      How 'A do   we  Tiise  funds  for   starving  India?    The  chief  instrument  for  rousing-  compas-  ��� sion is  famine statistics;   the bulk of  the   misfortune   readily   appeals.     We  group disaster as our  merchants corner markets.   Do we plead the cause oi  temperance?   Here statistics revel, ana  they may- be 'had patiently plotted out  "even to the number of drunkards to the  square rod in-Cuyahoga County, Ohio,  or the arrests for inebriety in Kokomo,'  Indiana,   for 18C0.    What seems  to   be  thb crux in literature?   How-appraise  >the   success   of  a   book   save/by   the  number of copies sold in a given time?  How ascertain the merit of a play save  hy the number of nights it "ran" In the  dramatic centers?   Thus is our American mark set'on what'is what.   We go*  about   reforming   and   purifying1     the  world, with a committee report at el-'  too**-   and ,a, statistical   compilation   in '  ��s#5l .hand."  A Dream's Fulfillment. .  IN an essay ln "Longman's Magazine" on dreams, Horace G. Hutchinson invited people to send him  accounts of their own experiences  and ideas, and as a result_he was deluged with "thousands of letters relating to dreams. These he studied carefully, and in a volume entitled "Dreams  and Their Meanings," now presents his'  conclusions, -and quotes 'the most striking: contributions to illustrate the particular class of dream which he is discussing. An Interesting class of dreams  is that in which the sleeper finds himself in a certain house or room that is!  familiar to him in dreams, but quite  unknown to his waking hours. Here  is an instance which Mr. I-Iutchlnson  'relates:  "A certain lady dreamed frequently  of a certain house until It had become  exceedingly familiar to her; she' knew  all its rooms, Its furniture;-It was as  well known to her as that in which she  lived her waking life, and, like a good  wife that has no secrets from.her husband, she often talked over all the details with him, a very pleasant fancy.  One-day they (husband and wife) went  lni.o the country to see a house that  they thought of taking for the summer  months. They had not seen it, but the  account in" the house-agent's list had  attracted them. When they arrived before it, they gave a simultaneous :exclamation of surprise. 'Why,' said-the  husband, 'it is your dream-house!' It  was. The coincidence attracted^ ithehi.'  _T1 ey_toek_tl-io__house,_  'In the course of. their occupancy  they learned that the house had the  reputation of being haunted; that several people before them had ^taken lt  ioi: short terms, but hid seen���or fancied they had seen���'something,' and  had left before their term of tenancy  expired. Had these r.ew tenants not  brought their own old servants with  them It is likely they would have had  some difficulty In whipping up a domestic staff, so uncanny was the reputation of their apparently quite re-  ptitablo house. The new tenants dwelt  in tha house with all satisfaction and  pt-acu through the summer months, until their term of tenancy came to ��� an  unci. On leaving-, husband and wife expressed their satisfaction to the local  jijrent. 'The only thing;,' said the wife,  "'that we were disappointed In about  th.*! house Is that -we never saw the  E-host.'  " 'Ch, no,' said the ghost agent. 'We  Jtr.ew you would not see the jrhost.'  "'What do you mean?' asked the  ���wife, lather nettled.  " 'CV the agent repeated, 'we knew  you would not see the ghost. You are  the ghost that people have always seen  here.' "  The Irreverent Phonograph.  THE Prince of Wale3 tells a good  story oC how a morning service  was spoiled on the second Sunday's voyage of the "Ophlr." There  being every prospect of a. dull afternoon, the Duchess of York suggested  something appropriate from the phonograph, and the instrument was put  through a rehearsal on the Sunday  morning during the time of service.  The cabin in which the preparations  were made was two decks below tho  upper deck, but there was an uptake  which carried sound as well a3 vitiated  air, and so the following dialogue occurred:  Chaplain (giving out his text)���The  wny  of  transgressors  is hard.  Phonograph (mus-ically)���And -you've  got a long way to go.  It took twenty minutes to find the  phonograph, which persisted in its unconscious brawling, and hy that -timo  tha congregation was neither large nor  ^pixwtually minded.  The Monk's Knowledge of  Women-  CTT N interesting story comes from tha  f_| French Alps of Dauphiny relat-  J A ing the futile efforts of the Princess of Croy, who desired to enter the monastery of the Grande Chartreuse, a habitation from which women  visitors are rigidly excluded.  The story runs that the Princess  dressed herself in boy's clothes and ac- i  companies her husband to the institution.. The gates were" opened to them,  and the Prince sent his card to the  father superior, with a line to the effect that he was accompanied by a  friend.  Just as they were about'-to. make-the  round of the building the word was .-received that lhe father would like to see  the Prince and "his friend." Going upstairs they were received by the smiling monk, who cordially invited them  to join him in an appetizing lunchton.  The Princess endeavored to make tha  ���best of the situation, tout she was not  put any the more at her ease by the  fact that the monk kept gazing sharply  at her.  At last he exclaimed suddenly:  "Catch it, young man!'' at the same  time throwing at her a large pear. The  Princess was startled, and, thrown  completely off her guard, made a motion to grab up her skirt, the absenca ol  which she overlooked in her confusion.  ���Then the father stopped smiling and  said with great gravity:-  "I beg your pardon, madam, but ladies are not allowed ln the monastery.  I must', ask you to wait outside' until  the Prince has finished his Inspection."  And outside she had to go, the reverend father bowing her from the roorr  with most elaborate politeness.  The Democracy of Children.  0N13  amusing .trait  in  children   IB  their     unconscious     democracy.  They  are  nearly  always  democratic   whon   permitted   any   latitude.  The desire for playmate's levels sense  of  caste,   If any exists.    On  a  sii'eet  through which I often pass there is a  coterie of children who blend with the  most thorough harmony, although they  are of quite different social strata. Ono  of the boys is a "smart" young gentleman   in   knickerbockers,   always   well  groomed; another Is a little Italian; a*  third,   the   thin,   restless,   wide a'.vali  *on of a housekeeper.   One of the lift!  - girls .Is-a negress, with her woolly ha,  standing out  from   her  head  in   thi*  curyod-up tails.   She is quite,a boile 1  this "mixed" company.���Harper's "lit  tar-"   -.  His Maxriage^Fee.  A poor couple living in the Emerald  Isle went to the priest for marriage,  and were met with a. demand for the  marriage fee. It was not forthcoming.  Both the consenting parties were rich  in love and in their prospects, 'but destitute of financial resources. The fath��  er was obdurate.  "No money, no marriage."  "Give me lave,-your river.ence," said  the blushing bride, "to go and get the  money." '������������/,  It was given, and she sped forth on  the delicate mission of raising a. marriage fee out of pure nothing:. After a  short Interval she returned with the  sum of money, and the ceremony was  completed to the satisfaction of all.  When the parting was taking place the  newly-made wife seemed a little uneasy.  "Anything on your mind, Catherine?"  said the father.  "Well, your rlverence, I would like  to know if this marriage could not bo  spoiled now?"  "Certainly not, Catherine. No man  can put you asunder."  "Could you not do it yerself, father?  Could you not spoil the marriage?"  "No, no, Catherine. You are past  me now. I have nothing more to do  .wl th your marriage."  "That aises me mind," said Catherine, "and God bless your rlverence.  There's the ticket for your hat. I  picked it up ln the lobby and pawned  It/*  An Embarrassing Honor.  The obsequiousness of those who hop*  to advance themselves by being exceedingly polite to ��� their superiors in  oflice sometimes assumes an amusing  aspect.  A certain head of a government department was Invited, says a daily paper, to dine with others at a table with  a cabinet minister. During the dinner  the former, who happened to be placed  between a door and a window, and had  Eaid nothir.jj- at nil, began tosneese.  "Are you t-iKlng cold. Mr. Brown?"  *�����?:���.<-d the cabinet minister. .  .."i believe I have that vjionar and  pleasure." t.nswPTCd Mr. 3rov.a, low.  ing very respect!jily.  HH afloplion ot the cockade by  President Roosevelt for his coach-  - man and footmen has resuscitated the old question : Whose servants are entitled to wear a cockade 1  As a matler of fact, there Is.no right  nor title to the cockade, but usage has,  in England, where the cockade is  more common than in any other country, confined it to the servants of tho  royal household, of the diplomatic-  corps, of officers of the Army and  Navy���including the militia and volunteers���and to servants of justices  and deputy lieutenants of counties.  According to this unwritten law of  custom, neither peers nor other persons of title, except they be royal, can  confer the cockade on. their servants  unless they themselves hold one of tha  commissions already named. And  here comes a strange anomaly: if they  occupy a Government position, they  can wear a cockade, although their  servants cannot.  "Cockade," or, rather,* the French  equivalent of it, made its first appearance in the phrase "bonnet a la co-  quarde" of Rabelais. About sixty  years after Rabelais's death, Randle  Co tgrave, author of the first Anglo-  French dictionary, defined "coquarde,"  now "cocarde," as "a Spanish cappe  or fashion of bonnet, used by the most  substantial i men of yore���also any  bonnet or cappe worn proudly or  pcartly on the side." But the most  plausible origin given of the cockade  of to-day is that it was derived from  tlie tuft of cock's plumes worn by the  Croatian soldiers, who in the seventeenth century served under' France,  und introduced the cravat" to the world  of fashion. At any rate, .in 1G8S, men  ambitious to become soldiers of France  received cockades of paper; hence, the  expression, "prenclrcl a cocarde," meaning "to enlist." "Cockades appear to  have fallen into innocuous desuetude,  so far as France was concerned, until  the Revolution, when the ''cocarde  tricolor" must have become obligatory,  for, just before the fall, of Robespierre,  arrests were made for not wearing it.  The black cockade, now worn In  England, was originally the distinctive  badge of the House'of Hanover, as the  white cockade was that of the House  of. Stuart. It is said white was  adopted by the adherents of the  Stuarts because It was the emblem  of the kings of France, who supported  the Stuarts against the Hanoverians.  The cockade worn by servants of the  British, royal household is a large  half-difk which projects above .the hat.  Servants of naval officers wear a disk  not projecting abovo the hat; those of  army officers and other persons considering themselves entitled to carry  n-cockade3=aren=fan-shapednwith=a=buta.=  ton, and. they reach above the hat.  Tho cockades of the servants of dl-  plomata are in the colors of the country their masters represent, and many  noble houses on the continent of Europe make their servants, wear cockades matching their livery In color.  When, many .years ago, the war as to  whose servants were entitled to a  cockade was raging, in England, the  facts discovered were that no orders  regulating their use were known to  exist, but it was recorded that servants of officers of the London City  Light Horse, a volunteer regiment, did  not wear them. The conclusion arrived at was that the cockade waa  originally purely a military distinction; that the reason it was worn by  servants of field officers was that, in  former days, th^se servants had  served In the nriny, that it was later  adopted/by servants who had never  been In the army, and afterward by  servants of naval officers.  There being no 'set rulo in any country from, which we have been in the  habit of adopting social customs, It  remains for us'to follow the law that  usage and good form has laid down.  They have prescribed that the servants of ambassadors and foreign ministers of the United States abroad  shall wear cockades, liko the servants  of foreign diplomats accredited to thi.?  country, the cockades of the coachman and footman giving the carriages  a certain right of way. Ambassadors  and ministers are-entitled to the cockade after they have retired from lho  diplomatic service. But consuls are  not members of the diplomatic service; they are merely commercial  agents. Neither our consuls abroad  nor consular representatives to this  country have the right to the cockade, as consuls. Its adoption by an  American citizen who represented a  foreign country as consular agent in  this city was authorized neither by  usage nor good taste. That his ffam-  ily should continue to use it after his  deatlr is ridiculous vulgarity. Servants of officers of the United Stale*  army and navy, hoth regular and volunteer, are also entitled to ivoar the  <~-~.~G.a.--1.;??r_> Tonics.  '���s-�����>.'      *-f~P��v        ./���C^'s.       jh'T-i.        jf*~t**-       jf*~*~*.       .*������*"���"*�������        sf~r*^      v-t�����������.       s*���*����.      yff~***        **���* -T's       _*i~r*^       sn'__y~^        ������'*"^v       ^*TTs.      *��**~J**v       ,**!T'**-        ���*'*^'"*V      /"*^T-N        -rt"~*V.      J^*T*">  The largest and best assortment of fancy Rockers,  Centre Tables, Couches, China Cabinets, Ladies'  Secretarys, Carpets, Etc., to be found in any Furniture Store in the Kootenays.  mm  FURNITURE DEALERS  AND    UNDERTAKERS,  CorporatiGii of lhe'jily of Nejson  ELECTRiC LIGHT RATES  Klo;:lrio li^lit ratr-s ibr UschioniJi of Fr-bru-  nry nre. now clue siuJ .p.iy::blc.>iit ilio (Jily offices.   Jf ]-iiit" on   or ljciore tlio 15ih   Murcli  discount oj"HI ):<>r cent will be allowed.     '  . Nelson, 'l-'ubriiary *27;irii'l.    -  :, o   i;y onliT,  ;       "-ri). ���j.Mi-Moitnis  (Jily Clerk.  Kissing the .Baby.  There; are many - mothers -who give  ���them-relves infinite trouble oalbout the^  big and obvious .things connected  with nursery management��� who strive  bravely to be up toT d'ate in the  matter of plumbing,, ventilation and  infoctious diseases ���w.ho yet fail  woefully when it comes to certain details. One of the most important of  Lhose is the disgusting and dangerous  habit of allowing ev^ry comer'to kiss  and .maul the ba.by, says the "Touth's  Com p a n i on."  A baby, no doubt, is a delightful" ob-~"  Ject and almost irresistible, but that is  no reason why advantage should 'be  taken of his helpless condition to otter  him constant hygienic outrages.  Here is a speech/ ao well-meaning  goose of a young mother made to the  father of her child on his return from  business: "JMrs. Smith called to-day,  -John. She has a fearful cold and sore  throat. She 'thought the baby was just  too sweet for anything, and wouldn't  let him out of her arms. He took to  lifer wonderfully,.;too." Naturally the  baby developed a bad case of the'snuf-  fles In a. day or two, and then it was :  "The baby has a dreadful cold. We  cannot -think where he got It, we are  always so careful."  This mother and the hundreds likelier should be taught the lesson that  promis-cuous kissing Is a bad and vulgar habit, productive of much danger  to adults as well as to children. Adults  can proteot themselves If they like, but  Infants cannot, and so it ls the duty of  tlie mothers to protect them.  Even If they mercifully escape actual Infection in babyhood, there still  remains the fact that a silly and unclean habit is formed, resulting ln  schools full of kissing children, and by  and by in ridiculous communities ot  kissing acquaintances. We may learn  a useful lesson from the Japanese In  this regard. They are nof a kissing  race, and,.,the little children do not  know what it means, except perhaps  from their mothers. It is generally acknowledged that the Japanese 'babies  are the healthiest and happiest of  youngsters, and who shall say how  much wholesome restraint from the  kissing habit>.inay have to do with this  fortunate state of affairs?  To make too much of children is to  spoil them, but in one respect they  should be treated like royalty���if they  must be kissed it should be only the  back of the hana.  In the County Court of Kootenay Koldcn at  Fort Steele.  in Pre bate,  ��5?  Canada  'Mortgage  ent  oration  <>: :-.! i nun sii^iuur i nc i scui-,,_ \i ji r.i.iu .uo-  Uoimlil, <)1'.Kl-Ik(iii, d( ci'iisid, inli'K'.i'U'.      ^  Kvcry ihtmiii iiiu.bicd io the snhl deceased  is I'pquiitd to make payment fui'thwiih to tl:c  i.iiKW-isijjiieil.  Kvt-ry person buying in iio.--yps.-ion fflucts  belonging l>> tl.e iltci n.-i d is required forthwith to notIfy the illicit isiuiii'il.  Kvcry t rid lor or ullu-r nelson linviug :iny  ,._.:..,,...,...   i., .i n.i:..i..:ii..i:��� ���  Straight-Mortgages at 8 per cent,  or Wsonthly Payment System  .-I i, ,,  11 ,,   . I,     .',       I, l.H> .'*��-��  I> I. ,1 .      cllill     1  In.- security (ii'sit'iy) l old l\v hiin.  Alter the < > pli'iilii.n o; tlio siiid thirty days  the Ailiiiiiiisiinliir will s roL'C<-<l Willi lii'iil's-  litL'Ulion if lliu cshili- having rujrmtl lo  il.ot-ec-iniir..s in.ly of \i liich lie j-hiili have lmu  noil- c.  i'-iiti-ci ot Fcut Steele, tliis��l)lh di.y ofI-*ebru-  ai'.v, 19!. I.  J am i y Ki nnusoN AiKSTiioNr',  OllU'inI Admin.Klrator.  l'or! Steele, 11. 'J.  Notice to Creditors.  IN   TIIK  SCI'RKMK  fOl'KT OP"   1511 IT IS r J  CGLUAIl.lA, IN ri;t.]5ATE.  tN    TIIK    GOOl'S    <']������    FltKJ)    TnnOONlNG,   Dl>  ClCASKl),  ISTl-.hTATK.  Notice is hereby glveir thnt  the crrdllors  ���md fillers  h.-r,-ln|r clniius ngniiiKl- said   do-  i-iiKid, who ilii-d at l'hconi.N, .\rizonn, on <,r  ilxnil   lhe ml'  dny of October, A. 11.  l!W2,:ire  >'(-(-t:lr<d <-ii i;r-licliii<! tlicliith dny of Mnrch,  illi-1, toseml   1-y'pusl. propnld. or deliver, ti>  lie uiK'ci-i-lj'iii'd, AdiiiinislriKor ���'!' the  pcr-  iiniil t'l-iut'''nnd ciruclK of the wild d< cc-ased  n     tlie     l'n vlme    of    1'i-iiii-Ii     Coliiiiib!:i,  iheir UhriHliiiiiiiiKl t;u run hick, nildiisscs and  descriptions, the  lull    piirlleuhins   of   their  clninis, llic. Klittunient of I heir  accounts and  lhe nature or the .securities, if any.  held by  Ihini.  , And furiher lake not ice, thnt after mild Inst  mentioned ilnli! the said udniinlsti'iilor will  priiercd t<> dli-lrilille lliu iuscik of il.o de-  i mined unions the parlies enlillc-d thereto  Imviti-; riTiird only to lhe ehilniB ol which  lie shall then have nolle.e, anil tlintllie sulci  Admiiilsli'iilor will nol he liable for lhe said  iiksiMk or a n.v jnut IheieolliJiin.v person or persons of wl.o:-e flit litis mil ii e shall not. havo  been rcccl red by him at (lie time of KUeh dls-  li-iliutien.  ruled ti.ir. i'ljtl. dny of .la nuar.v. A. 1>. 1PM.  .If UN  K.I.I.IOT.  Administrator r.l Krcd Tn (.���onlne, deceased.  FOR FLOORS WE HA.YE  the best tiling* for Store Eloors ; it keens do-.vn the dust, and .will  soil the most delicate fabrics, always looks bright and cle.ni. We  have a lnrge stock of  no t  also  OLD ENGTrSH" FLOOR WAX  for oi'ed iVors, ;i]so powered wax for DANCINC FLOORS,  the best.    Wc* keep it.  Ask for  Corr.er of Josephine and Baker Sis.  Nelson, B. C.  c&  "Uo," said the landlady, "we cannot  accommodate you.    "We ojily  take  ia  sing-le gen.Uemen."   "Goodr.eps," replicij j  Mr. Marrjratt; "what mak.i.-? yon think  I'm twln*?"-J*hiladeJpMa "I*te��nrd.*  NEiSOH ASSESSMENT-DISTRICT  Court of Revision and Appeal  Take notice Hint 1 shall hold a CMuvt nf Ke-  vislon iind'ApiK'.'il for'tin* tse'soi: A^si-ssnieiit.  Ulslrict. forHiciiTiiiH and dett-i niiiiinj; any  iipi'-vnts ago inst lliu a-sussim-nt. made lor Ihe  year 1!X4, at tlio iJoccsund ut the tiini-t; un-  dcrnidiilioned :���  a\ttlie oflii-e <���( the Provlnohtl Assessor &  Collector, Nulson oiiAVcJiKSday. tlie !)tli day  or Jlnrch, 1WI-1. at tlio hour of 10 o'clock In the  forcniwiii.  At the oll'.oe cr the Provincial Consbihlo, at  Yiulr, on Wor.dny.llic Utli day of March, 1U01,  ut the liourol'l oVlixk in tlie ariornoun.  A'clson, Ii. C, January '23th, 1G04.  ' W. a. Jt WT.TT,  Judge ol the Court oi    Revision and aVpiXMil,  ��� Kcltm .-UK:muni I��lEtrict.  0  When  you  are  indisposed   try   a  Cup of Tea  JOY IN EVERY CUP.  Corner Mill and Josephine  Sis.  R.   G. JOY,   PROPRIETOR  Mercharst TaMo  Tremontl Blk��  In la test (lesions and best quality  Nelson Business College  NELSON. B:C.  Individual Instruction  -...    < ......  Bookkeeping,  Shorth?nd,  Typewriting,  English, Etc.  Forrate=6f Inition ad'drcsH?,  \V. E. Howi>*s. BusinessJn'anajrrr.    .  ��� Kelson, B.C..


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