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The Nelson Economist Jul 24, 1901

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 : fiW.i-^e.-~M.i-^  W]&*f.'&*!i&&$i>*i��.  VOL. V.  NELSON, B.C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1901."  NO. 2  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription: $2.00 per annum; IF PAID IN ADVANCE, $1.50. CORRESPONDENCE OF GENERAL INTEREST RESPECTFULLY  SOLICITED. ONLY ARTICLES OF MERIT WILL BE  ADVERTISED IN THESE COLUMNS, AND THE IN  TERESTS OF READERS WILL BE CAREFULLY  GUARDED AGAINST IRRESPONSIBLE PERSONS AND  WORTHLESS ARTICLES.  ^pHE announcement of the death of Mr. Donald  ''-V Beaton came as a shock to the citizens of Nelson.  Although past middle age,'deceftef d- had every reason  to hope that he would live f< r many years to come.  Mr. Beaton was known throughout Canada as an  able journalist, and was held in high esteem by his  intimate associates as a man of stearling worth. It  is scarcely fair to judge him by his journalistic work  in Ne,lson, for the field was strange to him, and it is  not to his discredit to say that he was never ab'e to  master the intricacies of British Columbia politics.  Others have at tern p ted the task and fa 1 led. In the  larger field of Federal politics he was perfectly at  home, and his discussions on this theme were always virile and to the point. In private life, he  was retiring almost to the degree of excl usi veness,  but in the presence of his intimate associates he was  eminently genial and entertaining. His"death is a  distinct loss to Canadian journalism. The Economist extends to the bereaved family its deepest  sympathy.  Judge Wing, of the United States circuit court at  Cleveland, has issued an injunction prohibiting  workmen on strike from talking to other workmen  to assist them in the battle against the ste^l trust.  u Persuasion, of itself, long continued, may become  a nuisance and unlawful," he says.  It appears, according to certain newspapers,  that  the miners' strike in Rossland was not justified   by  the by-laws and constitution  of their  own   union.  The strangest thing  in   this connection is  that the  miners have to depend on outsiders to  interpret the  laws which they  themselves'have made.     We  are  not altogether satisfied that the strike was  justified,  but we do believe that no one is better able to interpret a law than the man who makes it.     There may  be many evils in connections with strikes,  but  the  newspapers are  not going to  remedy  one of  those  evils by publishing silly nonsense as  to the way   in  which organized labor interprets its own laws,  blush the sum seems large, and, as a matter of fact,  it is ��85,000 more than the late Queen received. Bat  the monarch does not really expend or enjoy this  allowance, remarks an exchange. His establishments are kept up under it, and but ��110,000 goes to  what is called the privy, purse. Of the balance  ��125,800 represents the salaries of His Majesty's  household, ��193,000, the expenses of the household,  ��20,000, the cost of the works department; ��13,200,  alms and bounties, and ��8,000, pensions. The  maintenance of the Royal palaces is a costly business, and the staff ofthe monarch is of necessity  large and imposing. Everything has to be paid for  : and everything is included in the grant. Although  this money is paid out by the treasury, it is. not  derived from taxation. Valuable estates and franchises appertain to the Crown When Queen  Victoria ascended the throne it was estimated that  her rights would realize ��385,000 per annum. The  government, under arrangement, took them over  and received the income, but allowed Her Majesty  the ��385,000 that it was supposed would be collected.  In recent years the revenue to the country has been  larger than than the allowance, Latterly it has  risen to ��450,000. For thie year the Chancellor of  the Exchequer expects ��470,000. Under these circumstances the added grant is made to King Edward.  In former days much objection was taken to the  Royal allowance. It was supposed that the people  paid heavily to sustain the monarchy. But the  grant, as now provided, has passed with no objection  and Mr. Labouchere, the aggressive Radical, criticizes  it only on the ground that it calls for too many  chaplains. The readiness and the unanimity , vvith  which, the monarch is supplied vvith -the means  necessary to his exalted position serves to show that  the situation is better understood than it once was,  that the monarchy is founded on the good-will of the  people, and that the King is both popular and beloved.  If reports from the Klondyke are to be credited,  Dawson City should be a good place for laborers to  keep away from the^e times.  Tr is a pity some arrangement could not be made  to secure light for Baker street. The lighting last  Saturday night was the subject of favorablecomment  among visitors.  The Imperial parliament has fixed   the King's income, or civil list, at ��470,000 per annum.     At first  Cork, Ireland, is to have an international exhibition next year, and the dispatches give the following particulars of tho proposed event. <( The exhibition is being organized vvith tho co-operation of THE NELSON ECONOMIST  the government department known as the department  of agriculture and technical instruction, which has  already given a donation of $25,000 towards the  erection of buildings, and in addition, the department proposes to give the benefit of its organization  to collect exhibits from the great industrial centres  of the woild, to be shown in Cork, and in other ways  to insure the success of the great undertaking. The  idea has caught on with great enthusiasm. The  patronage of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Earl  Cadogan, has been obtained, and leading noblemen  of the United Kingdom will eerve as officers of the  general committee. The donations towards the  funds have been pouring in very generously since  the matter was first mooted, some three months ago,  and the latest development of the scheme is the  selection of a site known as the Mardyke, which  extends for moie than thirty acres in a spot very  beautiful by nature and within the city limits. The  river Lee will intersect the grounds, and the service  of electric tram cars will bring visitors right up to  the Kene from the various termini in the city.  From the point of view of exhibitors the place is  suitable, and for side shows, such as the water chute,  switchback railroad, shooting jungles and other  miniature forms of recreation, it is excellent. It is  thickly wooded, and the fiver Lee at this point is  very clear and placid. It is intended to attract as  many visitors, from the United States as possible, and  trans-Atlantic carrying companies are being approached with a view to getting special fares for intending visitors to the exhibition. The companies  have also been interviewed with regard to facilities  for intending exhibitors."  When it was announced to ex President Kruger  that his wife was dead, he is reported to have remarked : ���' She was a good wife ; we quarreled only  once and that was six months after we were married."  She certainly was a good wife, if she lived with Oom  Paul all these years and only called him down  once.  A military man suggests the desirability of dressing Canadian soldiers in green instead of khaki, He  basis his contention on the fact that while khaki i3  the proper thing in Africa and India, in Canada the  fields and woods are green, and to operate to the  best advantage our soldiers should wear a uniform  of emerald hue,  Mr. Carnegie owns to the possession of $250,000,-  000, which he proposes to give away before he dies.  It is thought that he has nearly that amount in five  per cent, bonds, and much property invented otherwise, says the St, John Sun. It will furnish Mr.  Carnegie with occupation as long as he lives to get  rid of principal and interest in ways which commend  themselves to his business judgment, With this  task before him it is not possible for him to find  time heavy on his  hands,     With   such a   pleasant  business it cannot be true that he has expressed  himself willing to make the same bargain* as Faust  to win back: his youth. The story that has gone  the rounds of the papers is simply incredible, for Mr.  Carnegie, with all his foibles, is a man exceedingly  well satisfied with himself and with his record.  Battle Abbey is to be offered for sale, and as the  reserve price is sure to be heavy it is quite within  the bounds of probability that the historic monument  will fall into the hands of an American millionaire.  In these days it would appear that only American  millionaires are able to buy and keep up such places.  An English paper believes that the spectacle of a  Copper Croesus reclining on the slab which marks  the place where Harold fell, puffing a twelve-inch  cigar, and wondering if an'assassin or a blackmailer is  hiding behind every ruined wall an in every crumbling gateway, shouM make a sublime picture.  The Duke of Marlborough denies the report that  he is coming to Canada as successor to Lord Minto.  The appointment would have been an unpopular  one, so far as Canadians are concerned.  George Lough, who mined on Vancouver Island  twenty-six years ago, has just returned to Victoria,  from Nome. Mr. Lough went to Nome from the  Rampart country this spring, and found things  there in a far from promising condition. He says  the beach is worked out, and when be left, three  weeks ago, the streams were still solid and the  gulches full of ice. He has spent seven years in the  North and regrets that he did not devote them to  prospecting in other parts of British Columbia, which,  he thinks, contains more permanent value than the  much-vaunted mining fields of the far North.  As the result of 35 years' work, said General  Booth recently, the'Salvation Army was to be found  in 47 countries, and had literature in 30 different  languages. The army had over 7,200 separate  societies, with 14,000 officers and 40,000 lay officers :  600 social institutions, with 1,700 officers j a labor  bureau, giving employment to 6,800 people ; 109  rescue places, 12 workshops and factories and 13  farm colonies. The armv also sheltered 15,000  outcasts every evening, and had given away millions  of breakfasts.  The New York press is doing an abnormal amount  of crowing over the " liberation" of a young Boer  prisoner-of-war who came over as a stowaway to that  port, having escaped from Bermuda, The papers  are quoting by the yard the constitution, which does  or does not follow the flag, and expatiating on the  ideal advantages of the United States as a health  resort for Britain's political prisoners, besides hinting at dark and horrible possibilities if the youthful  Boer had not been u yielded up,"     The bald facts of  IMMMMIffla��^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST  the case, says the Ottawa Citizen, are that the young  fellow made a plucky escape and shipped on board a  British fOghfc steamer, probably through the connivance of the crew. He was discovered by the  captain later on and if the captain had lived up to the  strict letter of international and marine law the  young Boer was as much a prisoner-of-war as if he  had been recaptured in Bermuda, because he was  still under the British flag and the whole United  States navy backed by a yellow journal habeas corpus writ could not have released him. But the  British captain took a commonsense view of the circumstances and turned the prisoner-of-war over to  the New York immigration department as an "indigent emigrant." Then' he was " released" by the  New York press and escorted up town by a brass  band.  The richest nation in the world proportionately is  not Great Britain, not fat little Holland, not even  the United States. For the greatest average individual wealth we must look to the Australian  Commonwealth. Last year the total value of the  products of the colonies forming the Australian  Common wealth amounted to fully $550,000,000, of  which their pastoral indu-tries represented $150,-  000,000, their agricultural 140,000,000, their mineral  products fully $100,000,000, and their manufacturing and other industries the remaining $160,000,000.  The wo'l alone from the hundred and twenty million  sheep raised in 1900 was worth $100,000,000, says the  New York World, The mineral resources of Australia cannot even be guessed at. In the last forty-  eight years the country has produced gold to the  value of $1,800,000,000, in the last twenty, silver to  the value of $150,000,000.  The fishermen's strike  has  been  ended, and  the  white men are all  along  the  Fraser  working  like  beavers putting their boats into  shape, and making  ready for the full benefits of a big salmon season.  Toronto Saturday Night has the following concerning the agitation in certain quarters to discontinue affiliation of Canadian labor organizations  with those of the United States : "Talking about  strikes, attention has been drawn to an interesting  phase of the relations of Canadian employers and  employed, by the clash between Vicar-General  Routhier and the Ottawa union vvho?e conduct he undertook to criticize. Monsignor Routhier denounced  the practice of Canadian workingmen belonging to  International unions with headquarters in tho  United States. He believes that strikes in Canada  are often engineered by 'Americans' against the  best interests of those most directly affected. He  says that Canadians should have independent labor  organizations, and should know when to strike without being instructed by foreigners. Vicar-General  Routhier, however, does not  possess  the confidence  of Canadian labor circles, and there is no immediate  prospect of his advice being welcomed therein.  There is some division of opinion amongst Canadian  union men as to the advisability, or the reverse, of  affiliations with the International bodies, but the  weight of opinion in labor circles is favorable to. the  alliance, otherwise it would not' be continued. The  leaders here contended that purely local unions would  last no time in the event of trouble. On the other  hand, there is a strong fueling amongst employers  that Vicar-General Routhier's position is correct-  that there has been needless meddling with Canadian  interests from outsidesources, and that it is objectionable to have to deal with Yankee executive officers  in adjusting differences that arise between employer  and employed in Canada. Until Canadian labor  becomes convinced that independent unions would  be better than the present International organizations, that latter will, of course, be maintained despite  the hostile opinion of employers and of persons like  Vicar-General Routhier. Eventually, as Canada  develops and waxes great in industrial enterprise  and population, it may be that the difficulties of  reconciling conflicting interests will lead to the  breaking up of the International labor unions, and  that independent bodies will then take their place in  this country."  There are very few idle men in Nelson at the present time.     Railroad   construction has created   an.  unusual demand for labor/  A rather unique case is reported by telegraph  from Toronto. It appears that fourteen years ago  Colonel McLennan, ex-M. P. for Glengarry, had  Charles Young, editor of the Cornwall Freeholder,  arrested for criminal libel. The judge,after the  trial, suspended sentence, Young giving recognizances to keep the peace. Last May McLennan  claimed that Young had repeated the libels and  asked the court to impose the sentence suspended  fourteen years ago. The court held that only the  crown could ask for the imposition of a suspended  sentence, and that inasmuch as the offence had been  committed fourteen years ago it had practically become outlawed. It McLennan wants justice he will  have to begin all over again.  The British Government, it is understood, will  make a grant to Lord Roberts sufficiently large to  enable him to suitably maintain his peerage, in  recognition of his services in South Africa.  G. R, Maxwjsll, M,F\, has received a message from  Hon. Clifford Sifton that miners from the Klondike  presenting certificates of payment of royalty in  Dawson at the Dominion assay office in Vancouver  would receive a rebate of one per cent.  'i^WS^WWlS'SasSSSiiSvlSf 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ^ J "^HE Kaslo Kootenaian is inclined to gloat   over  T  the circumstance that a Nelson wholesale firm  has decided to close up its business, and sneer-  ingly remarks that "Nelson has no greater show to  become a distributing point than Kaslo, Grand  Forks, Greenwood or any other Kootenay town."  What a sweet disposition the Kootenaian has, to be  sure. It is envious of almost every placein the  Kootenay. We are not in a position to state what  chances the other places mentioned hive of becoming wholesale centers, but Nelson should not feel  alarmed at any competition from Kaslo on thi3  score.  Kaslo is badly in need of several street crossings,  according to the Kootenaian. If this were all Kaslo  needed, the matter could be easily arranged by  public subscription.  In connf ct.ion with a question as to the present  location of tlie printing press of William Lyon Mac-  keiizie, which was at.one time deposited in Toronto  Bay, Mr. Thomas Shaw of'48 McGill street, Toronto,  says as a boy in Stouffville he remembers that Mr.  Boyer had a printing press reputed to be the one in  question. This was before 1880. ��� Mr. Shaw says  the press was sold and passed into the possession of  Mr. J. M. Patterson, and later of Mr. Wheeler.  Finally, says Mr. Shaw, the bed of the press was  purchased by Mr.. Jas. Holden of Prince Albert,  Ontario County.    He thinks this was about 1855.  Ascending to the Vernon News) one does not have  to go to China for barbarous practices An incident  occured at Sicamous last week which might have  made a Boxer blush. An Indian woman known as  Crazy Nancy was.found on Tuesday morning lying  dead on the .railroad track. She was naked, and  the train had evidently passed over her. One leg  had been severed and her head was bruised. No  inquest was held, and the body laid without interment for some time, until some of the residents of  Sicamous took tip a collection and employed two  Italians to dig a grave, Into this she was dumped  without coffin or ceremony. Many a dog has had  a better funeral. True, she was only an Indian  woman of dissolute character. But she was a human  being ; and this is the 20 century ofChristain civilization. How proud of our institutions we should  ,   all fiel!  The city council has expressed thanks for a handsome clock recently presented to the city by Mr.  Jacob Dover. It is understood that Mr, Dover's  present wits intended as a delicate reminder to the  alderman to keep Nelson strictly abreast of the  times,  Everyone with a normal appetite relishes a good  square meal,s If not there is somsthing radically  wrong vvith the running gears of the constitution.  A hungry man does not want to sit down to a table  covered with an untidy cloth and a beggarly account,  of empty dishes. Neither does he show and elaborate  show of fine plate and napkin  rings.     It  is  food,  substantial, solid grub, something that will stick   to  his ribs, and make him vigorous and strong, that he  hankers for.     Besides he does not  want a sameness  of food.     Liver may do for fifty  or sixty  meals  in  succession, but he does  not   want it as  steady  diet.  No more does he relish all corned beef and   cabbage,  nor warmed over hash too frequently.     He delights  in a variety,-daintily served up, fresh and hot.     He  relishes   a delicate tit bit  now   and   then by way  of  dessert ;    something     to     top    off    with,    as    it  were.     It is  just  the same  with the hungry  man  who hungers for mental food.     He wants something  hearty to chew on.     Food   for  solid   thought  that  will increase his mental   vigor and   strengthen   his  brain power.     He  wants   now and   then a   dainty  morsel by the way of joke, a bit of verse, a crumb of  comfort.    He enjoys a little pungent spice, even if a  little tart now and then.     Publishers of papers you  cannot palm off stale hash, 'liver 'diet" or mush to  the satisfaction of readers.     You  cannot  fill   their,  "hollow spot" with stale  advertisements,   and   old  "boiler plate," any   more   than you could   nourish  their stomachs with old scrap  iron.     You can  not  hope to nourish the brains of your   readers with   all  dishes and   no victuals.     You   cannot  cram   their  mental receptacles with long, dry,   prosaic,   articles.  Whv not give them a variety ? Season   their mental  food with a dash of spice.     Not   pork and beans for  every meal.    A few bon bons, a little salad, a tempting desert will   make their meal   all the  more  enjoyable.  During recent years there has been a great increase  in tourist travel throughout the  Eastern  Provinces,  and many a dollar of  what   might be called   " easy  money" has   found its   way to   the pockets of   the  hotelkeeper, the   merchant  and the  farmer.     It  is  rather-strange that we   here in   Nelson have   never  given much attention to our  advantages as a resort  for tourisis.     A few-years ago I met a traveler  here  who went into raptures  over the  beautiful  scenery  surrounding  Nelson.     He  remarked,  and I  think  wisely too, that some day it  might happen that we  would regard the tourist travel almost as important  as mining and our wholesale trade.    One advantage  of the tourist  travel is  that it   always leaves   considerable ready money floating around.  The great obstacle in the way of prosperity encountered by grocers is the ruinous price-cutting of  their competitors, Price-cutting of this character  simply demoralizes trade, and, while the consumer  may be to a certain extent benefited by it, he does  not think any more of the grocer who favors him in  this matter. When prices are demoralized it is ex'  tremel} difficult to re-establish them on former figures,  and a customer who buys goods at a certain figure at  one time cannot see why he i-hould be charged more  when he buys a like quantity of the same goods  again. What is the u?e of doing business unless a  grocer can derive some profit from it ? He must  live ; he must pay his store expenses and meet his  obligations when they fall due, and he surely cannot  do this if he sells his goods for less than they actually  cost him. Ruinous price cuttirg is the cause of the  majority of the failures that occur in the retail  grocery trade. Yet, with the benefit of the past experience of thousands, of grocers who have failed,  almost every new-comer into a town starts out in  business by demoralizing prices in the neighborhood  and underselling his old and more firmly established  competitors.     Of course low prices attract   custom.  mm .le:  KELSON ECONOMIST  Perhaps no more potent influence can be brought to  bear on customers, yet it is suicidal for any merchant  to make a practice of selling goods at prices that do  not yield him at least a living profit. If he is  shrewd enough to buy his goods cheaper than his  competitors, he can undersell them ; but to try to  attract custom to his establishment by selling goods  at cost, rarely pays in the long run. If he begins  to conduct his business upon that basis the probabilities are that he will be compelled to continue it for  an indefinite time, with the inevitable result of some  day findingHhe sheriff in possession of his establishment.  The London Daily Chronicle tells this story :  "Julian Corbett, the naval expert and author of  Drake and the Tudo Navy and The Successors of  Drake, wrote awhile ago to the admiralty suggesting  that a new first class battleship then building be  christened the Drake. A formal intimation that  his letter had been received and should have due  attention was followed, after a decent interval, by a  dignified reply expressing the admiralty's regret at  nothing being able to carry out Mr. CorbettV suggestion, and explaining that it would be contrary to  all precedent to name a first class battleship after a  bird."  There have been a lar^e number of tickets sold for  the Knights of Pythias' moonlight excursion this  evening. The steamer Moyie has been chartered  for the occasion.  Kelly's Merrymakers will appear  at the   Nelson  Opera House next Monday evening.  Mr. W. A. Jowett offers several good suggestions  in a letter to the Nelson Trihune. Tbe city of Nelson  is not advertised as it should be, and is not nearly  so well known to the outside world as Rossland.  Some effort should be made to have Nelson brought  more prominently before the public.  Wellington's personal taste and habits like tho=e  of some great men, were very simple. He cared  not for show or pomp of any kind. Instead of  building a counterpart to Blenheim, for which money  had been voted, he bought and improved Strath-  fieldsaye, a common country gentleman's house. In  his diet he was very abstemious, even to the injury  it appears, of his health. He, of course, kept a first-  rate French cook for his guests. The cook, it was  said, one day suddenly resigned, The Duke, in  astonishment, asked the reason. "Was his salary  insufficient ?" " No, my salary is very handsome.  But I am not appreciated, I cook your dinner myself, a dinner fit for a King. You say nothing I  go out and leave the undercook to cook your dinner,  He gives you a dinner fit for pig, You ?ay nothing,  I am not appreciated.     I must go."  The attention of Editor Lowery is directed to the  circumstance that the International Convention of  Christian Endeavorers, recently held'at Cincinnati,  has appointed a Nelson man to the position of  trustee for British Columbia.  Mr. Sousa, the March King, wears his uniform at  all times and seasons. He compels his men to do  likewise. The fact that he does so leads to experiences that are very laughable to him.  Mr. Sousa  wa6 standing   in a large building   in  Philadelphia waiting for the elevator. A man came  up to him rapidly and said : '' What is the number  of Mr. Blank's office ?"'  " I don't know," said the short man in the uniform.  "Well, isn't he in this building ?" asked the  man.  " I don't know," answered Mr. Sousa.  "Well don't you know anything ?"��� said the  man.     " If I   knew   anyone   here I would   report  you."''-... ���"���  At which Mr. Sousa shouted with laughter, and  the man catching sight, of the genuine elevator boy,  saw he had somehow made a mistake.  Again, Mr. Sousa was standing in a railway  station, on the platform, waiting f>r a train. A  belated traveler ran up to him and shouted : " Has  the 9:03 train pulled out ?"  " I really don't know," answered the man with  the blue uniform.  "Well, why don't you know?" shouted the irate  traveler. >" What are you standing here for like a  log of wood ?   Aren't you  a conductor ?"  " Yes," said Mr. Sousa, " I am a conductor."  " A nice sort of conductor you are 1" exclaimed  the traveler.  " Well, you see," said Mr. Sousa, " I am not the  conductor of a train ; I am the conductor of a brass  band."  Police Magistrate Crease is enjoying   his vacation,  and in his  absence  His   Worship   the   Mayor   will  strike terror to the hearts of evil-doers.  The rural telephone is another one of the great conveniences of recent introduction. In some sections  entire neighborhoods are now connected by telephone,  and at very small cost to subscribers. The convenience to many families is almost beyond calculation.  Where there is disposition to conduct business or  local enterprises in a co-operative way the telephone  is of very great value. The value of the farm telephone should be one of the subjects of every farmers'  club for discussion every year. The telephone does  much to brighten up the isolation of farm life.  P.G.  For the   benefit of The   Nelson   Economist   the  Eagle wishes  to   say that its  editor is a  born   and  bred Canadian, He has no prejudice against Englishmen whatever, and is probably  just as   loyal to his  country as The Economist ozone artist.     The  Eagle  merely noted that the money Englishmen   have invested  in   this   province in   mining  has proved   a  disastrous  unsuccess to themselves and a jonah to  the   country,   simply because   they have not   that  happy     faculty    of    conducting     their     business  oh      business     principles.       They      have     been  made    the    victims    of    unscrupulous      promoters   and   misplaced    confidence.       This    fact    is  patent to us all, and the Eagle leaves it to its readers  to judge whether this is to their credit or not.    Other  men, who have had experience in the mining world,  have made a success under even  more   adverse circumstances   than   where   Englishmen   failed..     It  matters very  little whose capital is invested,  if tho  management is all right ;   but how often do we find  this the case?    When  Englishmen   learn to  neoure  mining  propositions  at  their real worth  and  then  employ good practical   management,  they  too  will  succeed.     But too ofien in the past they  have been  victimized   by   big propositions,  big  rake-offs,  too  much management and the total lack of good horse  sense and sound judgment.���Lardeau Eagle, The Child Hunters ?  IT had been ten years since the Americanos had  taken old Minga's brown, bright-faced little  Lorenzo away to their school. Far away toward the East they took him ���so she heard, but who  could believe?���perhaps it was beyond tbe edge of  the world���-and they told her that at the end of the  time, after.he. had learned to be a man,..he would1  come back.  As near as Minga could count, the time had ended  a year ago ; and so every sunrise she watched from  the housetop of the white-walled town for the return  of her boy. But every new day left her empty-  hearted.  This last bright autumn morning she did not  watch for her boy from the housetop, shading her  eyes against the glory of the new day ^because the  night before Juan a. with three sons of her own, had  called her a fool for so doing, as they squatted in the  light of Minga's fogon. "You are wearing out the  ladder for nothing," Juana had said rather bitterly,  clasping her arms around her knets ; " he will come  when the white man pleases. I have three sons^of  my own, two of them school-taught and the third  one a savage of my own raising." She threw sarcasm into the last words. "I shook with joy the day  they came back, but what have I suffered since,  comadre���do- you know ?'��� do you guess? Whatis the  Indian mother to them any mOre? This is what  she is to them : theother day my first born knocked  me down when he was drunk because I would not  show him where the wine was hid, and the other  one looked on and laughed to see his little shriveled  mother crying 1 Ay 1 comadre. Now the last one���  my own, the mother-raised savage���-when he drinks  too much, he lies right down in the corner and  covers his mouth with his blanket for very fear of  saying a hard word aga:nst his little mother. He  never went to school, pobrecito. T watcn no more  from the housetop for the coming of anything ; I  watch at the doo;- to see that nothing more of mine  goes out,"  So Minga did not climb the ladder again when the  sun climbed the mountains.-    She simply collected  her stock   of blue corn  that   she h id   watered   and  cherished all alone through the summer,  poured   it  over the  first  metate���there were   three  of  them,  smooth, curved   volcanic  stones  all in a row,  with  the great   hooded   fogon   beyond���and   began   to  crunch the fat  grains  into meal.     To-morrow she  would grind on the s-eoond stone, and   the next day  on tbe smoolhest and. finest of all,  the  last.     Then  she would make crisp gunyaves on   the stone  that  stood under the hood.     Surely by that time Lorenzo  would be there to eat then').     How his mouth would  water for some, with goat's milk and sugar 1   It had  been so long since he had any.     And  how his  feet  must   ache   for   the   soft   moccasins   again !    She  stopped her grinding and looked up at a pair  hung  on the wall and at the pretty red-stained betas studded with   silver   buttons, which   she   had   ordered  from Manuel in .anticipation  of the return.     They  had cost her almost all the money she had  gathered  in the ten years the boy had been  away���but was  a  man of her own not worth it ?   Her eyes filled vvith  tears, and she began grinding once more.  A faultlessly attired young man hailed Tata Jose  as he tottered through the village street. The old  man stopped, listened, shook his head, and started  on again. But he halted, leaned on his staff, and  eyed the -tranger keenly, " The house of old Minga,  behind the jail, do you mean ?"he asked in Mexican,  " Right through the  alley  there,  to the little   door  beyond the placita."  As the old man limped away he sighed heavily  and murmured, "It has at last fallen to old Jose to  tell one of the pueblo's own sons where his mother  lives. The boy has forgotten the best thing he ever  knew."  Suddenly old Minga stopped swaying to and fro,  and leaned on her stone listening. The tiny doorway, where for so long the silent blue mountains  had looked in on the lonely life, was filled. The  mother stumbled over the metate toward the door,  but she quickly composed herseif, and went forward  quietly. A Pueblo mother is alwTays dignified ; and  then, was not this a great man���the man of all men  ���long trained in mighty knowledge ?.- But the  mother was all a-tremble.  " Son 1" she cried gladly, but softly, half afraid of  her own voice ; and she put her  arms around   him.  "How do you do, mi ther," said Lorenzo in good  English. Then he looked around and continued,  ."'What a miserable little house you live in. And  look how you are soiling my coat ; you have meal  on your hands." He pushed her away and began  brushing his clothes. His mother leaned back  against the wall, and clasping her thin hands before  her stared at him with big distressed eyes. After a  moment she faltered," Can���can you not speak to  your mother in her own tongue ; she does not understand ?'   He continued brushing his coat.  "Itis the meal you ate as a child, son, and this is  the house you were born in, my little-one-grown-up-  big."     A tear trickled down a long wrinkle.  "How are you-��� how iseverybody in town ?" asked  Lorenzo. She shook her head slowly, a look of pain  shadowing her face. A second tear followed the  fir3t.-��������������� Lorenz > saw she did not understand.  "Is there nobody here who speaks decent English?" he broke out. The mother shrank from him,  thinking he was saying something in anger.  " There is Nicolas," said a strained voice from beside the fogon. Nobody had noticed Juana when  she crept in.    She had understood what was wanted.  "Seek him, comadre," said the little mother,  never moving from ner leaning position against the  wall. Lorenzo sat in silence on the only chair and  considered the room.  When Juana returned with the interpreter, Lorenzo considered him critically. Nicolas was in the  loose cotton garments, the soft moccasins of his  people, and wore a bright band about his head to  hold back his long wavy black hair. His magnificent figure Was swathed in a scarlet blanket. He  was a free rhythmical poem of Nature as he stood  looking down upon the new-comer.  Lorenzo looked him over again and then pulled  up his well-creased trousers at the knees. " Tell  mother I thought she would have a better house  than this." Nicolas interpreted. The mother's eyes  dropped to the floor, Then she looked up a bit  brightly. '��� Will he build me another little room-  ask him ?"  "I don't know how to make mud houses," answered the boy.     The mother's eyes fell again,  "Tell him," she said in a moment, still more  timidly, u that I have taken good care of the little  field, and have planted some good trees that now  bear fruit, and with saving much of each year's  crops I have bought him another little field, well  watered, so that we will not live so poorly, now that  he is here to work them." THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ���9  "I don't know how to farm," said Lorenzo. " I  don't want to dig and sweat all my life. Isn't there  any decent job a man can get around here ?"  " But, son," broke out the mother, speaking  straight to her boy when Nicolas had done " how  will we live ? What has become of you. Shame  upon you. Your fathers before you have labored,  sweating and not found it too low for them. For  ten long years your mother has labored and gathered  together and thought ahead to the resting time  when her boy would come and take up bis work as  a man should, and now���"then turning to the interpreter she asked pitifully, " What is he ?���what does  he do ?"  " I am a printer,"said Lorenzo. "lean keep accounts, too, and play the piano."  " He is a. printer-of letters," interpreted Nicolas.  " Perhaps���perhaps he can paint them on jars and  bowls and live thus ? ' asked the mother uncertainly.  " No they are printed in books," said Nicolas.  "I thought they would make a man of him," siid  Minga, sadly. " They told me they would. But they  have made him a printer. How is a man a man  when". he cannot plant or grow or gather his own  living among his own people ? Ask him, Nicola0,  why he did not stay away ? Why he has learned  these things and then come back to be supported by  his mother ?" '���'.'���';*  " There are enough white men to do all things���  they do not want Indians," answered Lorenzo helplessly...   ".";.'���'���','���-.' -.;���'-.��������� :j,-:-.'./   . -     ;���: " -���/������ :-:^,  "They promised to make my son a great man,"  mused the little mother, "and I have stifled my  heart by day and by night that they might." She  sank down upon her heels and hung her head.  Nicolas wrapped his blanket up about his face and  looked out at the mountain5'. Down in the flicker  of the fogon Juana sighed from the bottom of her  heart.     Lorenzo adjusted his tie.  "I am a man, mother, I have been through school  and can speak English and play music and figure.  It makes me dislike to dig in ditches and plant  'Corn."'  " But you are my wee one just the same and a citizen of the pueblo, born to us both, and we both are  born to ditches and to corn. It is the good God  made it so. Is this how* you come home in wisdom,  to teach your own ? You call in a stranger through  whom to greet your mo her, and speak of things no  one can understand. We have dug ditches and  planted corn since the good river first gave cause for  ditches and corn and men; and mothers have  brought forth these men in these same little houses  just as long. And 1 have never heard the wisest  of the principales���the oldest of the councilmen���  breathe that the first were not fully men, or the last  not good women." Lorenzo stared blankly at her,  and she realized. "Tell it to him, Nicolas," she  said, with a hopeless wave of her hand.  The mother began to cry. She saw for the first  time Lorenzo's face from the side, and it looked���  really like a little Indian's, though his hair was  gone. All her neighbors owned little Indians, and  she envied them suddenly with a mighty envy, She  had a good deal of mother in her, even though she  could not epeak English.  Her heart reached, out to him inevitably ; she  could not believe he was a total stranger. She ran  to him with the tears streaming down her face, but  sparkling in the light of a smile. " Oh, son, little  one, you will let your mother teach you how to  plant and to work like a man that we may live; and  look, there are beautiful red-dyed moccasins from  the hands of Manuel, that cost real money���five big  round pieces of silver, the biggest that are mide,  which I nursed up from  the smallest pieces  that I  got by selling bits of pottery ; will "they not feel  kind to the little one's feet, so soft and light that  he will soon ache for the spring races ? How often  you must have wished for them, son 1 And look  again.- I was but now grinding blue corn to make  my baby guayaves for which he use to Jry every  evening when the goats were milked. We shall  learn to love each other again over the guayaves  and new goat's milk, will we not, son?���perchance,  even to talk ?" She had one arm around the boy's  neck, and with the other she pointed to the moccasins on the wall, and to the beautiful blue corn that  lay on thecfloor. She watched his face eagerly, as if  for the return of her baby through those eyes.  Nicolas did not venture to interpreted  "I might as well go barefooted as wear those,"  Lorenzo said, " and what do you make out of the  corn ?"  The mother understood not a word. But she  knew what he had said.     She, too, could read.  " But son, they are heavy with silver buttons,"  she broke out, piteously, as if arguing a hopeless  case, yet hoping. "There are six smali buttons and  two large ones worked in pictures on each bota,  and they have hung there the length of a year,  whole tribes of people came and wished to buy  them, saying such botas never before were seen in  the pueblo ; yet none could buy them���not for a  thousand times five silver pieces of the biggest that  are made, for 1 had them for the little one. And  they are so soft, son, so soft ! I dug with my own  lame back the wild plum roots with which to stain  them. They are so soft, soja, so soft!" She knelt  down beside him the better to plead her case.  "What is the; matter Nicolas ?" asked the son.  Nicholas considered the mountains again.  'It is���I think it is that she wants you for her son  again."     He went out.  "Beware of hijm when he gets drunk, comadre,"  said Juana bitterly, as she mufnd in her shawl and  left them alone.  The mother rose slowly from her knees and went  back to the milling. The crunch of the flit grains  filled the little room again. The silent blue mountains looked upon a loneliness a thousand times  lonelier than before.  After awhile Lorenzo began to smoke. At the  sight the mother started back as if struck.  "Son, shame upon your head and upon mine���-  what has become of you ?" She trembled witn the  insult of it, for never had such a thing been seen in  the little adobe homes of the pueblo as a boy smoking before his mother. Was this, then, the great  man who was to become a power among his people ?  " Oh, son, son !" She began slowly to grind again.  Tears fell into the meal. Perhaps it was the sorrow in the cakes that made them unpalatable to the  boy as mother and son squatted th it night about the  little repast--dumb, strangers, pointing what they  meant to say.     Dumb, strangers, m ither and son.  Later Tata Jose, speaking among the councilmen,  said, with sorrow in his voice; " Here's one of the  pueblo's own sons who has forgotten how to be an  Indian, and has no place among white men. He is,  as it were, a man without a known father���though  it were better unsaid,"  That same day the child-hunters came and took  more wee sons from their mothers to be u educated"  by a paternal government��� Lanier BaHlett, in Land  of Sunshine,  Sam Neelands is now in Victoria teaching the  capital ball toseers how to play the game. Sam  fills in his spare time as clerk in David Spencer's  great dry goods emporium. 10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  A large number of prospectors  are looking for coal and iron  around Fort Steele.  The papers in the Slocan report a better feeling than has  been experienced for   some time.  Old-time local property owners  are working hard to develop their  various properties, though many  of them need the assistance of more  money, or a ready market for their  raw product, such as only can be  provided by the government going  into the mining business. The  local stores and packers are doing  a fair business, bur, nothing to what  it should be. Very few new men  are coming in as yet, and even if  they were here the properties above  timber-line are only hoving in  sight. Quie a. number of prospectors are out, and many ef them  are determined to locae the gold  belt and stake properties upon its  ledges, thougn a good deal of the  ground is already taken up as-  silver-lead locations. ���Lardeau  Eagle.  Yesterday the Topic got the particulars of a rich strike of silver-  lead ore made on .the' 1 st of July on  the mountain to the east side of  the wagon road about 3-4 of a mile  from B i 11 v Glenn's ranch and  about two. miles from Trout L'Mke  Two claims, the Dominion and  Car? less, were staked on the had  by the discoverers, Mes-r-. Young,  Sreirele and Abercrornbie. Specimens of ore brought, down and  which are to be seen in ihe--/Topic  cabinet need no assaying for they  contain so much gray copper that  a glance is sufficient to tell that  they will run up in the thousands.  The lead from which this one was  taken is about four feet in width  and can be traced for over a  thousand feet. The owners of the  new discovery say it is their intention to sink a shaft on the showing just as soon as the prospecting  season is over. ��� Trout L'ike Topic.  Since the golden days of 1864  there has been more or less  attention paid to South East Koo-  nay, during the early days more to  placer than quartz, It is only a  short, time comparatively, since  any attention was paid to quartz  mining but now the time has  arrived when to the quartz miner,  must South East Kootenay look  for its wealth. The other resources  of the Kootenay valley are limited,  and the mines must be developed  to a point of producing, And  when it is considered that there  are mines on the east tude of the  Kootenay river upon which a vast  amount of wo k has been done,  and which can be  said to be in  *a  position to ship ore, and that is  only a question of transportation,  when theee mines will be placed  upon the list of shipping mines.  It is apparent, from the work  that has been done, and that a  number of properties are in a condition to ship ore, the question of  railway transportation is almost as  vital as the development of claims.'  Mining p.-operties must be  sys'ematically developed in -^rder  to bring them up to a point of being mined for profit, after reaching  such a condition, ihe question of  transportation is the sole factor in  the rapid development of the district. ���Fort Steele Prospector.  Slocan Drill : The week's shipments, have not been as numerous  as expected, though in a total they  have been satisfactory. The  Arlington was the only shipper,,  sending out-60 tons. Its figures  for the year are ' 1605 tons, the  heaviest in its: historv. Ore is be-  ins sacked at the Esmeralda for  shipment and the same is being  done at the 4Vh of July. A five-  ton shipment from the B yrihul'der'  is a the Basin hqtel ready to come  down, >bile the product at the  Black Prince is in an ape f ur moving. Exports from the division  a re 5on ly 400 to nt be'h i h d 1 as t year's  figure's will easily reach the highest  level on record.  L a f't yea r t he ex.par ts f rom t.h i s  division amounted to 2847 .ton-*;  made' up from . 10 properties.  Fo 11 owing is a list of the shi}>ments  this year to date:  (  Arlington......  ......    1905  Etiteprise'.......... ... ���      240  Two Friends         40  Black Princt   100  Bondholder..  23  Chapleau  -..  15  Speculator...   ..,...,.  . 10  Phoenix  28  V. & M   20  )  2876  The St. Eugene mine partly  cl sed down as was anticipated,  and now is working a reduct d  force of about 75 men.  Notice to Delinquent Co-Owner.  To !m Petty, or to any porson or persons  to whom ho may have IraiiHl'eiTod his Interest. In tho Montana mlnoral olalm, slttmled  about three miles north IVom (Jivston, and  recorded in tho Uecorder's Ofllen Cor tho Gout  l.llvor Mining Division of West Ivootonuy District :  You  are hereby notldod that wo havo ex-  xnulod one thousand dollui'H In  labour and  mprovements In ordor to hold said mlnoral  oliilin under tho provisions ol tho Mineral  Act. and II'within nlnoty days IVom tho ditto  of tills notlee you fall or refuse to eonfrlbufe  your proportIon ofsiujh expenditure) together  with all cost of advertising, your Interest In  said claim will booomo tho property of tho  ubserlbors, under seetlon ���! of an Act entitled  An Aot to Amond the Mlnoral Aot, 1000.  Dated this Mth duy ol'Mny, 1001,  ���JO'MN h\ W I I.HON,  15-5-01 .By hernttomey In fuef,  SAMUMl'i  I'jOVATT,  ii ��� ��� ���  KOOTENAY  COFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Dealers  in  Tea anti Coffee  We are offering at lowest, prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, Chi mi'and Japan  Teas. .  Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  'pound $   40  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds.  J. 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds ..... ��� I 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds........ J. 00  Rio Blend Cuffee. 6 pounds ............ 1 00  Special Blend Ceylon -rea, per p-umd.     b0  I  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSONj  WADDS BROS.  Vancouver and Nelson  BAKER STREET  NELSOW,  B.  C  SUMMER  VACATION TRIPS  PM-1ERIM EXHIBITION  BUFFALO   -   $76  JULY 2, 16  AUGUST 6, 20  mm LEAGUE IE��  SAN  FRANCISCO - $50  JULY 13, 14, 15  Christian Endeavor Convention  CINCINNATI   -   $68.50  JULY 2, 3  mna taucanooa Association  DETROIT      -      $71.75  TJULY 2, 3, 4  For Time Tables, Rates, Tlokets npplv  II, h, BROWN,  Oily Passenger Agent,  J.B.fJARTNK,  Dlst��� Puss. Agt.,  Nelson.  K. J.COYLK,  a. a. p, a.  Vttwoouver.  mm


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