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The Nelson Economist Aug 28, 1901

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Array VOL. V.  NELSON, B. C, WEDNESDAY,  AUGUST 28, 1901.  NO. 7  t  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription : $2.00 -, per annum ;   IF PAID IN ADVANCE, $1/50.     CORRESPOND  ence of general interest respectfully  solicited.    Only articles -of merit- will be  ADVERTISED IN THESE COLUMNS, AND THE IN  TERESTS OF READERS WILL BE CAREFULLY  GUARDED AGAINST IRRESPONSIBLE PERSONS AND  WORTHLESS ARTICLES. "   *     '  THE   political   situation  at Victoria   continues  complicated.     It   seems   probable    that   Mr.  Turner will   leave for the   tcene of his new   duties  within the next few weeks, and as a Cabinet Minister  will have to be appointed   in   his place the  question  naturally arises, who   will   be the   fortunate one,  or  perhaps more properly speaking, the victim.   Strange  as it may.seem,   Mr. Joseph Martin is now regarded  as the  most important factor in the situation.     This  being the case, it is only   reasonable   to expect   that  the vacancy   will be filled   by one of Mr.   Martin's  friends.       Furthermore,   it   is   asserted   that   Mr.  Martin has already delivered his   ultimatum to  the  leader of the Government that   the vacant  poitfolio  must be handed   forthwith to Mr    John  Brown   of  New   Westminster.     Or course,  this will result   in  dUunion amongst the government followers, but Mr.  Martin has probably anticipated, this contingency,  and will deliver the   Opposition body and  bones to  the government.     Such magnanimity of course will  be rewarded, and  the son of the much  despised ex-"  Lieutenant-Governor will be galvanized into life by a  portfolio, in which event some member of the present  government will be politely but positively forced to  stand aside.    Of course, this may be all speculation,  but the opinion prevails that such changes are in contemplation, and that the   gentlemen of the Cabinet  who were running wild-eyed through the country a  year ago praying the voters to deliver Joe Martin into  their hands are now   prepared to take the   forsaken  politician to  their bosoms.    In any event,  British  Columbians can look forward to another Provincial  election in the near future.  A writer who has given considerable attention to  the subject expresses the belief that our existing  ���school system consists in lumping together masses of  school children in what are called classes, and  stuffing into their heads collectively a quantity of  knowledge based, not upon the individual bent of  each child, but upon a fixed code and curriculum.  The principle is to set forty or fifty children thinking and doing precisely the same thing. The result  is inevitable.    There   is a top of the  class and a  bottom of the class. Those who reach the former  are regarded as the clever ones ; those who remain at  the latter are regarded as dunces. The classification is wholly unfair and grossly idiotic. All that  it really reveals is the perniciousness of a system  which creates stupid children by forcing upon their  brains subjects for which they are not receptive.  The fool of the Latin class might distinguish him-  himself in natural history'; but the pedagogue goes  on stuffing him with syntax and grammar, regardless of the fact that his mind is absorbed in beetles  and that he never attends school without a pocketful  of mice. Not only must this method of teaching  " enbloc" be abolished altogether, but teaching in  itself, as we understand the term, should be rigorously  avoided. Every encouragement ought to be given  to pupils to think. There should be less reading  and more reflection. The pernicious system of  learning by rote ought to be inscribed upon the  penal code. Hanging would be too light a punishment for the teacher who destroys the minds of his.  charges by making them commit uCasabianca" *to  memory.   ;   * '    '  - The latest reports would seem to indicate the early  retirement of Bernard McDonald from the management of the LeRoi. The change in management would probably result iu a settlement of the  strike.  Magor Ungkl, who is working under a subsidy  from the Swedish Government, has invented a projectile that is capable of destroying armour-plated  cruisers if exploded within 30 metres of them.  Once more this paper announces that under no circumstances will it publish anonymous communications. The man wo attacks another and is afiaid to  give his name supplies the strongest evidence  of his own vicious nature and the falsity of his allegations.  J, pierpont morgan, according to an American  exchange, is one of the jolliest members of the  Episcopal Church. lie a]ways attends the Triennial  Council, which is national in character, and, of  course, constitutes one of the ablest representative  bodies of men in the entire Episcopal Church of  the nation. When Morgan attended the Triennial  Council in Minneapolis in 1895 he leased the beautiful home of Mrs. Fred Pillsbury, who had been a  widow about three years, and who also owned a  beautiful home at Lake Minnetonka. Morgan  leased Mrs.  Pillsbury's city home for one month,  fmrn^i^ii^^mm^ifss^ss^^i msi^S  W��^|>��HW��<I|IJIIWWIMIIMI(MI||M��III||PIWWIIW^  3^A��lUi.:a��hja^iiJ^^JriJL.V.,jl��Ki^LujLU;iCihjLAlM(:uifii..A  m a v-.!-,.^jj^.i^n .-ZS&S; i; :.i5*.*js."i ifrw mitt!  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  taking possession of everything, including horses  and coachman, but bringing his own house service  from New York. Morgan paid $1000 cash for the  use of the home during the Triennial Council,  which lasted four weeks. The magnificent dinners  which Morgan gave to the Bishops and Elders were  never equaled in modern times. Indeed, we scarcely  believe it 'woulcL.be fair to tell what the menu contained,��� but Morgan's hospitality was so great, so  universally acceptable and became so famous that  he will duplicate his effort in San Francisco next  month by leasing the Crocker home on Nob Hill, for  which he will probably pay $2000���and from this  home Mr. Morgan will dispense an hospitality never  known before even in San Francisco. Manv have  asked why Morgan does hot "entertain" at the best  hotels during these Triennial Councils. Whoever  would like to know had better ask Morgan. Morgan  would rather be in the4' secrecy of his own home"  while dispensing entertainment and refreshment, although the object'of the Triennial Council necessarily  has a " spiritual" as well as a temporal side.  It   is reported  that the   late Dowager   Empress  Frederick:  recently- destroyed    her: journals    and  correspondence   with   Queen   Victoria   to*   prevent  leakages  of   such State  secrets   as were contained  therein.  It is understood that an elevator company in  Yonkers, N. Y., is at work on two elevators for  Buckingham Palace, on an order from King Edward,  sent indirectly.  United States Judge Estes has rendered a decision  in which he declares that all Chinese born in the  Hawaiian inlands, are American citizens, no matter  what government they were born under.  The Economist acknowledges with thanks an invitation from the Labor Day celebration committee of  Greenwood to accept the hospitalities of the city on  that occasion.  "The. new Canadian Geography-���British Columbia Edition," is rather a marvtl in its way. If the  information with regard to the other provinces of  the Dominion is as reliable as thatoncerning British  Columbia, the sooner the British Columbia educational department condemns it the better. The  Victoria Colonist, referring to this matter at length,  says:  "A cursory glance through the latest educational  fad, "The new Canadian geography���British Columbia Edition/' reveals some truly unique and original  information which in the light ofthe fact that the  book is especially intended for use in this province is  exceedingly ludicrous.  In the section devoted to British Columbia under  the head of " Resources," we are gravely told that  "very rich coal mines are found in the southeastern  part of the province, and at Vancouver," And by  the same token diamonds are used as paper weights  in Nanaimo. If but a small proportion of the " facts"  set forth in this work���which costs 90c, and of which  nearly 1,000 copies have been sold in Victoria in the  past few days���is as near the truth as the above  specimen, then perhaps it is all well. But a little  further down we are told "Victoria is the centre of  important lumber and shipping Interests," which is  correctasfarasitgoes/and Vancouver is "surrounded  by a fertile country. It is the centre of the lumber  trade of the province, extensive iron, soap and cement works are located here" . . . .and numerous  factories for canning fish 1" "Numerous canneries"  is good���and those extensive soap works no doubt  form a landmark in the landscape of the "surround-  i-rig country." The hankering after the very latest  editions of school books may be a very laudable and  paying fad, but there are many points about the books  which in days of yore were wont to do service for  more than a year, which make them even now better  than the new. 1  ��� So much for the book's statements of fact.    Now for  its statement of theory, or rather lack of statement In  this regard. If any one good at guessing will take up  the book in hand, he will find ample food to keep him  going during thecoming winter evenings. As an  example, who can answer the question why the  citiesof British Columbia are located where they are?  Can anyone say why Victoria was not built on Esquimau harbor ? *��� In what direction, do the rivers  of British Columbia flow ?" is another sample. Take  the Fraser for instance, and the Peace river, in what  "direction" do these streams flow ?. And-to add  to the enigma the next question is : "Why ?"  Unless the answer is because water will find its own  level, it is hard to say. "Between the great ranges  are elevated table lands. These table lands are cut  into.nafrow valleys by rapid rivers"���hence they are  nottablerlands at all, but. narrow valleys. In fact,  asasampleof slip shod attempts at theorizing and  misstatement of facts, the book would appear to be  quite a success."  Mr. Edmund E. Kirby, manager of the War Eagle  mine, has written a letter to the Victoria Colonist, in  which he tries to prove that the Minister of Mines has  been guilty of misrepresenting his position in respect  to the code of mine signals passed at the last legislature. Mr. Kirby makes a strong case, and if it had  not been that he had written a letter to Gold Commissioner Kirkup on the 7th of last September, in  which he practically endorsed thecodeof signals,  with a few alterations, he would have the best of the  argument. Apart from this, however, practical experience has shown that Minister McBride's code of  signals are confusing and dangerous in. the operation  of a mine.  Belfast is the most progressive city in Ireland.  Its population is 348,965, or greater than that of  Dublin, Edinburgh, or Bristol, Besides its linen  and cotton industries, it is a great shipbuilding  centre. Reviewing a recent article by Joseph R.  Fisher, the Montreal Gazette gives these interesting  facts about Belfast :  The largest, and in some ways the best, ships in  the world are Belfast built. In 1899 the new shipping launched at Belfast measured 127,652 tons ;  and for this production all the raw material had to be  imported, coal as well as iron, some from England,  some from this continent.     Belfast ships also  are  i'h.  mran THE NELSON ECONOMIST  now engaged where they are built, instead of being  "sent to the Clyde. And her enterprise is not yet exhausted. Having spent millions in making a ship  waterway out of a shallow and crooked stream, her  people are to add to their marine conveniences the  largest graving dock in the world. With her linen  trade, her ship building- and her other industries',  Belfast in a hundred years has increased her population from about 30,000 to nearly 350,000, the  growth since 1891 having been 93,000. The customs  ���receipts in five years rose from ��2,505,000 to ��3,  159,000. There is hardly a more remarkable .iu-"  crease in the Empire. It has been attained under the  same laws as apply to the re^t of Ireland and the rest  of the United Kingdom. Mr. Wyndham said not  long ago of Belfast that " she had saved herself by  her exertions" and might "save Ireland by her  ���example." The case presented by Mr. Fisher, gives  point to Mr. Wyndham's" phrase. If the energy  given to politics was diverted to business there might  be several Bel fasts in Ireland, a more generally prosperous people, and a growing instead of a decreasing  population.  The modern student of anthropology is, thanks tp  science, far better equipped for his work than were  the enquirers of old, whose "travellers' tales" became at one time a byword, not always because they  were lacking in truth, but because there were no  means of corroborating them, says Chambers' Journal.  Prof Baldwin Spencer, of Melbourne, who is penetrating the interior of Australia for the purpose of living among the Aborigines and studying their manners  and customs takes with him as secretaries a cinematograph and a phonograph, by which he hopes to  illustrate their war dances and other ceremonies, and  4o bring home records of their speech. The Australian natives are rapidly becoming extinct, and such  records should prove of peculiar value for that reason. It will be a matter of anxiety to this venturesome explorer to note whether the Australian native  will regard the latest wonders of science with respect  to antagonism.  Sir Wilfrid Laurieu's letter to R. L. Richardson  may be admired from a literary standpoint, but it  does not prove that the Liberal party did not exercise  itself unduly to avenge its supposed grievance  against the member for Lisgar. The Toronto Telegram deals with Sir Wilfrid's reply in the following  lines: "Canada has cherished the legend of Wilfrid Laurier's greatness and Canadians, irrespective  of party, have good cause to mourn that the legend  in question should be ruined and undone. It would  have been better, for Sir Wilfrid Laurier to have  ignored the open letter from R L Richardson than  to have allowed his own reputation to evaporate in a  splutter of angry words. The Premier's attempt to  answer Mr. Richardson's letter is no answer at all.  Sir Wilfrid Laurier does injury to his own apparently  undeserved fame and outrages the everlasting truth  in the meanness and falsehood which are the  warp and woof of his attempted reply to Mr. Richardson. The utterly mean-spirited insinuation that  Mr, Richardson's opqn letter was inspired by a desire  *to draw   " attention*' from Wilfrid Laurier, is   un  worthy of a Premier of Canada. The smallness of  which Wilfrid Laurier at his worst is capable is revealed in the cheap allusion to Mr. Richardson as a  "Pharisee," and the reply then sinks to its ultimate  depths of small deceit and sinful error. The false  assumption that R. L. Richardson is a proved  corruptionist is the substance of Wilfrid Laurier's  mock heroics. Lisgar was opened as a result of a  conspiracy between the Roblin-Laurier forces to  supply evidence which would unseat and disqualify  Mr. Richardson. The fierce light of testimony from  open enemies and false friends was thrown upon Mr.  Richardson's campaign, and seventeen cases, not of  corruption but almost wholly of technical irregularity,  were held to be sufficient to void the election."  According to the criminal statistics for 1900, which  have just been issued, the greatest increase was in  British Columbia, where convictions have increased  over 23 per cent. This may prove that law is better  administered in British Columbia than in any other  Province in the Dominion, but it is more likely to be  accepted as proof of the greater lawlessness of the  west. '.'-.-  Architect Macdonald does not belong to the class  of men who, believe that the Government job is intended to be a snap. He is giviog the same attention  to the work that he would give to a building for a  private citizen, and is: determined that the; contractors  will conform to the plans and specifications to the  letter. In this he will be upheld by honest Conservatives and honest Liberals alike.  It has been suggested that the Provincial Government should at once reorganize the police department.  While this department was completely under the control of Superintendent Hussey there was no more  capable force in any Province in the Dominion.  Since the Government took,charge the results have  not been anything like as satisfactory as they were  when Mr. Hussey had absolute control. The Victoria Times offers the suggestion that in the interests  of law and order it would be well to reinstate Mr.  Hussey, and this The Economist heartily endorses.  The great development of newspaper advertising  has not been due to the efforts of publishers, but to  the competition in business. Ab the cities have  grown the business houses have multiplied, and the  most enterprising merchants have enlarged their  share of trade by calling the people's attention to  their wares. This has forced all merchants who  want more than a neighborhood business to advertise. Now the people have the habit of looking to  the newspaper for shopping information, and the  establishment which is not advertised is out ofthe  race.  The; longest railroad tunnel in the United States,  five miles, will be built through the Sierra Nevada  Mountains of California at a cost of about $4,000,000*  vmmmm  ���"a*8"*^^ 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  TN the midst of all the labor troubles, it is phasing  to be able to note that mining is reviving throughout the Province.     Particularly is this the case  in   the Slocan. where   there is every indication of  a  very busy season this winter.  Some one has suggested that there is a risk to the  whole system of party government on account of  parliamentary golf. Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M. P.,  is of a contrary opinion, and he gave the reasons for  his belief while opening a new golf club house at  Roundhay, Leeds, recently. According to the conditions under which golf is played a man must always agree with his adversary. He must do his  best to score against an opponent, but must not  quarrel or argue with him, because all would be over  till the temper left the players. Golf, said Mr. Gladstone, had done" much for physical health ; it had  gone a great deal for moral equanimity and the  amenities of life both public and private.  There is some probability that the several companies  of the R. M. R. will be asked to participate in the  festivites attending the visit of the Duke of York to  Victoria.  The antiquities being exhibited in London by the  Egypt Exploration Fund from the winter's explorations in Egypt at Abydos and elsewhere are remarkably varied,-rich and ''--historically valuable. Professor Flinders Petri* writes to the Rev. Dr. William  C. Winslow,of Boston, the American vice-president  and honorary secretary, that " the new collection  draws more attention than any that we have had before." There is "a continuous record of the kings"  of the earliest dates, arid there are pieces of gold,  such as "the gold bar of King Mena," inscribed,  who was the first dynastic king. The tomb of  Bener-Ab ("Sweet of Heart") was identified, who  was doubtless his daughter. It contained the ivory  figure of a young girl dressed in a flowing robe. In  the exhibition are pieces of the eailiest Aegean  pottery yet discovered. Of the many hundreds of  " objects" to be distributed, a large share will be  presented to such American museums as Yale and the  Metropolitan. Later on another instalment of  papyri may be expected. The Egypt Exploration  Fund sells none of its antiquities.  The popular idea that the act of dying is a painful process often causes a fear of death. But death  from even the most painful mortal diseases is usually  preceded by a period of cessation from suffering and  partial or complete insensibility, resembling falling  asleep or the pleasant gradual unconciousness  caused by an anaesthetic, according to a writer in  The London Spectator, The common phrase " death  agony" is not warranted by what occurs in natural  death,, which is n complete release from all pain,  When death is owing to heart failure or syncope it  is sudden and painless perhaps pleasant. Death by  hanging, there is reason to believe, is attended by a  voluptuous Bpflsm. Death by decapitation or  electricity is on\v ft momentary shock, hardly felt.  Death by poisoning varies in painfulneas according  to the poiBon employed.    Opium and other narcotics  probaby give a painless, perhaps a pleasant, dreamful death. Hemlock, as we know from the account  of the death of Socrates, causes gradual insensibility  from below upward. On the other hand, arsenic,  strychnine, carbolic and mineral acids, corrosive  sublimate, tartar emetic, and other metallic poisons  inflict slow and torturing death. Prussic acid and  cyanide of potassium cause quick and painful death.  The school trustees have selected Mr. Arthur  Sullivan to take the place of Principal Soady, resigned. Under Mr. Soady the Nelson public school  was distinguished for the thorough manner in which  the school work was done.  Curious stories are being told to the effect that the  King has ordered a list of all the pictures and curios  stored away at the different Royal palaces to be prepared. When it is ready, an expert is to he called  in to value such of the articles as His Majesty may  decide to dispose of, for, so ic is said, there is to be a  general clearance, and Christie's salesrooms are to  see this vast collection of bric-a-brac, the accumulation of years, brought under the hammer. This is  not at-all unlikely, for during the late Queen's reign  enormous quantities of curiosities, valuable and otherwise, were showered upon the Royal residences. As  accommodation could not be found for them they were  stored away in cellars and lumber-rooms. Many  of themrare, or were recently still in cases, untouched.  They had been quite forgotten, nor were the contents  catalogued. The King wants to clear up things,  and get rid of what is of no use to him or his household. Hence the recent sale of sherries, and hence  also the reported sales of curios.  Among the visitors to Nelson this week was Mr.  Justice Gregory of New Brunswick. His Lordship  is father of Col. Gregory of Victoria, and has been  visiting his son for the past three weeks. Like all  the rest of our visitors, Mr. Justice Gregory thinks  this Province has a great future.  A sensitive Scot rebukes the London Daily  Chroyiicle for saying that his countrymen pronounce  man "mon." " The obsurd form 'mon,' he writes,  " is the hall mark of Scots' vernacular as written by  a southern pen, and its intrusion has often lent additional sadness to comic journalism, even, alas, to  the pagesof our chief humorous periodical. In the  north of England 'mon'certainly occurs ; in Scottish  speech never. In Scott and Stevenson one may  look for it in vain. The broad, soft vocalization of  the word in Lothian dialect lies somewhere between  'maurNnd 'maan,' but as it cannot be literally  symbolized the word should be spelt in dialect passages simply  as in English."  Not many Americans know that Hinim U. Gran  was the eighteenth Presidentof the United States  Yet His true, for"Ulyppes Simppon" was never  legally the name of our greatest General. This interesting fact is brought ��ut by Franklin B. Wiley  in The Ladies'1 Home Journal for September, in  " Famous People as We Do Not Know Them." The  story of how it came about was told by a member of  Congress���Thomas L. Hamer���--who recommended  young Grant as a candidate for West Point in 1839.  Mr, Hamer had long been a friend of Grant's, but  when he came to make out the application papers for  Ulysses he could not recall the boy's full name. So,  declaring   that he  was  doubtless   named   for   his  < fn- 0HMMQUSMHU  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  A  mother's family, he wrote it "Ulysses Simpson  Grant." Thus was it recorded at West Point, and  though tbe attention of the officials was several  times called to the error they did not feel authorized  to correct it. This name was gradually adopted,  and by it�� Grant was, and always will be, known.  But as for any record of the birth of" Ulysses Simpson Grant," that does not exist.  Monday Sept, 9, R. E. French comes to the Opera  House with his new play "R��anbke," This play  has had long runs in New York and other eastern  cities.  The New York Theatre concluded a four nights' engagement at the Opera House last Saturday. The  performances were well . patronized,-, which shows  perhaps better than anything el fee. that Manager  Stuttz gave the people juat what they, wanted.  Lanark County   Methodists are  sorely   perplexed  over the alleged misconduct   of two of their parsons.  It   appears that a few   weeks   ago, the   Rev. D C  Sanderson, of Almonte, and Rev. F.   McAmmond, of  Perth, undertook a journey to the Pan-American exhibition.     Ou  their  way to the great fair   the  two  clerical.gen'tleman dropped off at Syracuse to see the  sights. } A   dispatch  from the   latter   place,   dated  August   22, tells the   rest of  the story.    "Syracuse,  N. Y.yAug. 22���Rev.   David Sanderson,   Methodist  minister of Almonte, Out.,  was the name,  profession  and   address given by a resptctable looking man   in  police court here yesterday.    Sander>on was charged,  with    public    intoxication.     At     the   same    time  that       be       was       arraigned,       Pearl       Ashley,  ������ a    woman    of    t he    town,    was   also    arraigned.  It appears that at 3.30 a. m. yesterday, Sanderson was  foiled   in the street, in whatseemed to bean   intoxicated c ndition.     Hesaid  that he had   been robbed  by   a woman and told a   police officer who she   was  Sanderson   in police  court said that he came here  from Almonte,   being on his   way to Buffalo with   a  friend.    They stayed at the Mansion  House.    The  two started out for awalkin the evening, beoauseit  was so warm in the hotel.    The Ashley   woman said  that the night before, Monday, she met Sanderson and  hisfriend  in a saloon and drank   with them.    They  then visited her   room in   East Washington   street.  Tuesday night, she said, Sanderson again,came to her  room.     He appeared to be drunk when he came, and  had no watch.     The police magistrate dismissed the  Ashley woman."    Both gentlemen have  been asked  to explain why it was they journeyed from Jerusalem to Jericho.  There is considerable truth in the following from  Toronto Saturday Night: " Down in Montreal when  the Boer war excitement was at its height, somebody  who conceived that the British Empire needed another  prop under it, got up an organization and called it  the Daughters ofthe Empire. Branches are now  established in many parts of Canada, and presumably the society is flourishing and fulfilling its mission. I do not know what the Daughters have accomplished towards saving the Empire, but one of  suggestions to that end, which it is sad to record has  miscarried, was a proposition to set apart a fixed  period every week in Canadian schools to "teach  patriotism." The scheme was threshed out at the recent meeting of the Dominion Educational Association and dismissed as impracticable. I do not know  how it strikes the majority, but it seems to me rather  queer to talk about" teaching patriotism."    Patriotism is not   arithmetic,  nor geometry, nor grammar,  nor even literature.     Some people have fumoy ideas  about such things.     I do not believe  you can teach  morality or religion, though you may teach ethics or  theology, and I am equally sure that all the schoolteachers   in Canada   rolled   into   one cannot   teach  patriotism.     Patriotism   is an   impulse, an inward  conviction.     They have tried to teach  patriotism in  the United States, and all they have succeeded in doing is to teach prejudice and ignorant  jingoism.     If  children are properly instructed in the history of their  country, if they have an intelligent gra��p of its past,  a knowledge of its possibilities ;  if they are  brought  up to be honest and industrious, and if they see about  tnem a country worthy of being loved,  they will love  that country without ever having been  invited to do  so.     Give the boys and   girls vigorous bodies, ' well-  stored minds and right principles of action, and nine-  tenths   of   them will not lack   in  patriotism    when  occasion calls for the exercise of that virtue.'������'  P. G.  DIGHTON IS ENGAGED.  Dighton is engaged !   Think of it and tremble !  Two-and-twenty ladies  who have  known him must dissemble ;  Two-and-twenty ladies in a panic must repeat :  '���'���Dighton--is a gentleman ;.will Dighton be discreet ?"  All the merry maidens who have  known him at his best  Wonder what the girl is like, and if he has confessed.  Dighton thephilanderer, will he prove a slanderer?  A man gets confidential ere the honeymoon has fled.  Dighton was a rover then, Dighton lived in clover then;  Dighton is a gentleman, but Dighton is to wed !  Dighton is engaged!   Think of it,;Corinna ?  Watch and see his fiancee smile on you at dinner !  Watch and  hear his fiancee  whisper, ���" That's the one ?"  Try and raise a blush for what you. said wan  "only fun."  Long have you been wedded ; have you then forgot?  If you have I'll venture that a certain man has not !  Dighton had a way with him;   did you ever play with  him?  Now that dream is over, and tlie episode is dead.  Dighton never harried you after Charlie married you ;  Dighton is a gentleman, but Dighton is to wed !  Dighton is engaged !  Think of it, Bettina !  Did you ever  love him  when   the sport was somewhat  keener?  Did you ever kiss him as you sat upon the stairs?  Did you ever tell him of your former love a flairs?  Think of it uneasily and wonder if his wife  Soon .will know the amatory secrets of your life!  Dighton was impressible, you were quite accessible ;  The bachelor who marries late is apt to lose his head;  Dighton wouldn't hurt you ; does it disconcert you ?  Dighton is a gentleman, but Dighton is to wed !  Dighton is engaged!  Think of it,Miss Alice .!.-  When he comes no longer will you bear tlie  lady malice?  Now he comes to dinner, and lie smokes cigars with Clint,  But he never makes a blunder and he never drops a hint;  He's a universal uncle, with a welcome everywhere���  He adopts his sweetheart's children, and he lets 'em pull  his hair.  Dighton has a memory bright and sharp as emery,  He could tell them  fairy stories   that would  make   you  rather red!  Dighton can ho trusted, though;   Dighton's readjusted  though!  Dighton is a gentleman, but Dighton is to wed!  Dighton is engaged ! Think of it,M,yrtilIa!  Dighton has been known to be a dashing lady-killer !  Dighton has been   known to dirt .with   Kitty,   Lou and  Nell,  These and many others, if tho num would only tell!  Every girl who loves a man tolls him all she knows ;  When a man's a Benedict all discretion goes!  Dighton's wife will chatter so ! Does it really matter bo?  Everybody's bound to know what everybody's said!  Dighton thinks his mystery contravenes all history !  Dighton is a gentleman, but Dighton is to wed !  UeletJ, lhirqess,intlw Smart. Sal for July.  mtmmmmmmmwmmMmimsmmm  tmmmmmmiuaii  WHMRMWlftG  ,ilMlii.lii.ii��i��^lf.ljW.WIIIWI.II.WK*..M'a|l|IJI.<lM^lSII,l 8  The Little Clay Image.  [.  LONG ago, when Italy was a land of great paint-  1 ers and great sculptors���when the little children  at play made pictures with chalk upon the  stones of the street, real pictures���and this, too, before  sloyd, or clay modeling, or kindergartens were ever  heard of���there lived close under the walls of a  castle not far from one of the Italian great cities, a  young girl whose name was Costanza; and she made  pictures in clay, and sometimes even little statues,  but nobody thought this very remarkable. These  clay pictures and statues were sometimes ta^en to  the town of Filippo and sold, but. oftener they were  not thought worth selling, and they stood on end in  the corners of the little cottage where Costanza lived,  or hung all round its walls, both inside and outside,  as happened to be most convenient.  Filippo was the Italian boy who had lived next  door to Costanza all her life, and it was understood  by the people in the hamlet nestled against the castle wall that after a little while, another year, perhaps two, Costanza and Filippo were going to be  married.  "And then we shall go, thou and I, to the town  and set up a little house," Filippo said," and I shall  work in the shop of Master Andre, and thou wilt  keep the little house neat ; and together we shall  make the designs for the borders of fruit and flowers that must go into the new duomo"���Fillppo  meant the cathedral. " But meanwhile I am only an  apprentice, and though I paint well, the master says  it is hot well enough ; and we must wait."-..:.  So they waited the little while, the one year, even  the two, and at last Costanza's house linen was all  spun and woven, and the neighbors began to say to  one another :  "In a few months we shall lose Costanza and Filippo, for they go away to the town. Already we  hear that Master Andrea speaks well of his apprentice."  And it was summer time.  That wag a hilly country where Costanza dwelt;  olive trees grew on the r.ides of the hills, and the  sunlight fell down white and blinding out of the  cloudless blue sky all day upon the dusky pale green  of the trees ; but in the cool of the late afternoon,  when a breeze swept down from the hilltops, Catania brought her clay out to the open door of her  cottage, and sat in the doorway making her pictures ; and Filippo came at sunset over the hills  from the town.  Now one day in this summer, as Costanza sat in  the doorway making a Florentine lily on a tile,  there came a great dust in the road, and horsemen  riding by ; and Costanza's mother and the neighbors  ran all to their doors and windows, crying : " It is  the young lord ofthe castle! To-day he comes  home from France ! Truly, if he be not a better  man than when he went away, it is not much worth  while!"  And the young lord alighted off his horse before  the cottage of Costanza and looked at the tile she  was making j for it happened that besides this gift  for modeling in clay which she had, Costanza was  also very beautiful. And the young lord bought the  tile, and rode away with it in his hand.  After that he came another day, and another, an  many days ; and at last he  asked  Costanza if  she  would marry him.  But she said " Grazia" which means" Thank you;"  and she told him further how she was betrothed to  the artist, Filippo, and all that  happy little story.  And the young lord came next day, just as always  He wearied Costanza exceedingly by his oft-repeated  question ; he wearied her by the tales he told of the  beautiful jewels and the beautiful gowns she should  wear if she would come to the castle ; but she was  very polite.     She always  said, " Grazia."  Filippo, however, was not polite ; he was rude  and meeting the young lord one day at sunset in the  road before Costanza's cottage, he struck him and  tumbled him and his fine clothes in the dust of  the road.  Then Costanzo said : " Thou wert not wise ;  there will harm come of this deed."  And she spoke the truth, for that nigjht strong men  came to Filippo's house and bound him and carried  him to the castle.  In those old days the nobles did much as they  willed with the poor people who dwelt on their  land. No one would have been surprised if this  young lord had put Filippo immediately to death ;  but he did not. He had a better plan. The next  day he went down, as always to stand beside the  door-stone of Costanza and watch her at her work,  and as he watched he talked, saying :  "This Filippo is but a peasant, and I am a noble  and rich."  "True," said Costanza.  "See, now, am I not generous ? I might take  you, also, if I would, and cast you into prison and  keep you there until you should consent to be my  wife ;   but I do not."  And Costanza answered : "No, you only keep  Filippo."  "More than that," he continued, " I might kill  Filippo for this insult he has put upon me, and  many men would say I had the right. But I do not.  I will even let him go free if you will come up to the  castle."  Costanza was making a little statue about three  feet high. She did not speak any more that day.  But the young lord talked for two hours.  The neighbors gathered by the door after he had  gone, and they said : "Costanza, you are a strange  girl; one never sees you weep, and yet poor Filippo  is locked up in the dungeon of the castle."  And she said, " No, I do not weep ; and then, because it was growing dark, she threw a wet cloth  over her statue and carried it into the house and  shut the door.  The next day the young lord, watching her, said:  " What do you make ? This seems to be the image  of a woman."  And she answered : " Yes, it is a woman :" but  that is all she would say.  On the third day her visitor cried out suddenly :  " This is an image of yourself."  And she said : " Do you think so ?" She even  smiled.  *  Then he drew near and pleaded with her mournfully : " Costanza, you will say nothing to me, and  dav after day I come ; and still I do nothing to Filippo.     I wait to fet him free."  She considered after that for along time, sitting  and doing nothing ; and at last she said : "Well, I  will answer you the day the little image is finished."  " May I  have the image also ?" he asked.  But to that she would only say : " Perhaps ; I  cannot tell," And she rose and set to work again  on the clay,  The face of the little image was Costanza's face,  with a proud, mocking smile upon its lips.    No on��  \'\  I  n  ?/  n  i,  o  mwammmma  fflSiSSffi��!��lBBBIir'"  f*n*mtl��tVit*m*iH0i9emm*^my*Y  wanifliPTflSWMSMfCtiflssBK^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  0  had ever seen Costanza smile that way, and yet the  neighbors, looking first upon the girl and then upon the clay, shook their heads and murmured,  " Still she might !"  But the garments of the image were the garments  of a great lady. Costanza was a peasant, and wore  a peasant's skirt, short and full above her ankles,  and except on holidays, her feet were bare. But the  image wore a trailing robe with' lace work and jewels pricked out upon it carefully, and a girdle that  c.iught up this robe at one side, and a little pouch  that hung from the girdle.  And the neighbors whispered : "This is the way  Costanza will dress if she goes to live at the castle.  Sue is a strange girl."  But the young lord was enraptured. He said :  " You are not only beautiful, you arecl^ver 1 I shall  take you to the town, and Raffaelo shall paint a picture of you."  And Costanza replied :" Filippo and I were going  to the town."  So a month passed, and the little statue grew  more like Costanza every day, and also more unlike  her. The neighbors asked Costanza's mother what  the girl meant by the statue, but all that her mother  could "say was :  "Do not ask me. She is very silent both day and  night. But this I know : Costanza is not a fool ;  she doe:s not do this without a reason." '*.".  And at last the little statue was finished.  It.stood on the door-stone of the cottage, with its  smiling face turned toward the castle. Thus Costanza would look on the day that she forsook Fil-  ippo and went to be a great lady... And benind the  statue, on the walls of the house and at the corners,  both inside and outside, were the-other images and  the  clay pictures that Costanza had   made.  The young lord laughed with delight <over the  statue, and he would have thrown a chain of gold  around its neck, but Costanza, fn a great hurry, prevented him, saying :  "The clay is yet a little soft; be caeful, lest it  break. For this image must go to Filippo in his  prison ; and I ask you to say to Filippo that I give  him a choice, whether he will have this image and  liberty, or whether he will keep our troth. And I  will abide by that he chooses."  "This is no choice," said the young lord, scornfully, " for I shall put him to death if he does not  set you free from your promise."  " That will not do you any good," replied Costanza.  Meanwhile all the neighbors stood at a little distance in the dusty road and heard what she said;  and they numbled angrily :  "Is this girl heartless? lias she herself no  choice ?"  Then the servants of the young lord took up the  statue, and bora it carefully to the castle.  "If Filippo does not want it, you may have it,"  Costanza said. " But if he keeps it, I will be your  wife after seven days."  They brought the statue to Filippo and set it  down before him, but they did not repeat Costanza's  message ; they told him a lie.     They said :  " Costanza has consented to marry the young lord  and she sends you this image for your consolation.  You will see that it is very like her."  When Filippo was left alone with the statue, he  sat for a long time quite motionless before it and  the tears rolled down his cheeks, but there was a  look of horror upon his face.  "Yes, it is very like her," he said at last, " but the  smile is so terrible 1 She mocks me. She is the  great lady, and she sets her foot upon my   neck.  Surely her soul is turned to ice that she would send  me this image of herself in these fine garments !  Costanza ! Costanza ! Was it not enough to break  your troth ? But must you also break my heart  anew every hour in the day when I look upon this  beautiful face that is so like you, and so unlike ?"  Then he cast himself down upon the floor and  wrept, but ever and again he must needs lift up his  head to look at the statue, for it haunted him, and  drew his pyes constantly to examine it. And in ihis  way the diy passed ; but even when the darkness  was come Filippo had no rest, for he saw always in  his imagination the face of Costanzi with the  proud, mocking smile upon it ; ne saw the long, embroidered robe sweeping about Costanza's feet.  In.the. morning the young lord came into the  dungeon, and when he saw Filippo's haggard face  he laughed, because Costanza was so clever. And  that afternoon he went down to the cottage and  said :  "Filippo sends you a message, and he chooses liberty   and  the statue.     He commends vou for   the  statue."  '..-," If he has   chosen   thus, why is he  not   free?"  asked Costanza.  This astonished the young lord, but in a moment  he had an answer ready. -"When you keep your  promi.-e to me, he shall be delivered , out of his  prison. I keep him there but these seven days."  # However, Costanza knew that the young lord had  told a lie. About noOn of the second day Filippo was  almost in a frenzy with grief and heartbreak, and  he spoke to the little image as if it were a living  thing.     He said :  "I hate you, and I can no longer standyou in my  sight ! You are not the Costanza that I knew; your  life is spoiled, and mine also 1"  And he lifted up his arm and struck the image  full upon its smiling face with his fist, so that the  neck broke, and the whole statue was dashed to the  floor and the clay split and crumbled into many  pieces, and something that was hot clay fell upon  the stones of the floor with a sharp ringing sound.  The shrewd Costanza had hidden a file in the midst  of the clay.   This was all the meaning of the statue.  There was a piece of paper twisted about one end  of the file, and when Filippo had grown quiet, and  had begun to forgive himself a little for that he had  ever doubted his bethrothed, he untwisted the paper  and found words written on one side of it���these  words :  ���" Seven nights I wait beneath this window. The  distance to the ground is not far. We may hide for  a little in the town, and then flee away, to a more  distant place. I know thou wilt break the statue  for thou art ever ready with thy fist when augat angers thee.     Strike this time to some purpose,"  That night Filippo filed through one of the bars  at his window, and the next night he filed through  another. The third night he tore his long circular  cloak into strips and knotted these strips together  and fastened one end of the long string to an iron  hook beside the window. Then he took out the two  bars, climbed out upon the window-sill and looked  down. The night was dark ; there were no lights  on the side of the castle. Filippo let himself down  by his queer rope the better part of the way, and  then the rope broke ; but Filippo had only a few  feet to fall, and he fell on soft grass. Costanza was  standing beside him.  "Oh, canst thou ever forgive mo for doubting  thee ?" he whispered.  "I builded upon that ; the plan would have failed  else," she answered. " But 1 pray thee, do not do it  a second time,"     Then they got safely away. 10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  The Slocan Drill reports : Ore  shipments, for the current week  show a large increase and give the  heaviest tonnage in many weeks.  Three properties figure in the list,  with a total of 165 tons, making  the total for the year considerably  over 3000 tons. From the Black  Prince 25 tons was sent out by the  lessees of the mine, making 125  tons since January 1. Their  lease is just about out and the property is looking fine. The ore  was sent to the Nelson smelter.  Forty tons was shipped from the  Enterprise and 100 by the Arlington. Heavy shipments under the  recent contract will commence in  a day or two, as W. Koch is bringing in additional freighting outfit.  Just now teaming is hard on stock  as the roads are thick with dust  and rather soft.  Last year the exports from this division amounted to 2847 tons, made  up from 10 properties. Following  is a list of the shipments this year  to date:  j\iiinstoii* �����* ������������������-*������;������������  Xl^ II Ltj i y) L luv ��� ��� ��� ����� ��� ��� ��� ����� ��������������������������*��� ������ * ��� i  Two Friends........  Black Prince........  Bpnd holder. ���....  v^napieau..   Speculator.... .....  JL   IJ Ut/ LI IA ������������������������������������ ���������  V..& M,....;.;v..  Esmeralda.....  Hampton...  ��� ��� ��� ���  ��*������������������  ��� ��������������� ���  . ��� ���    ��� ��� i  ��� ��� �� ��� ���  -���������������������������  ,/��� ��� ���  ��� �� ���     �����������������������  *  ��� ���   ��� ���  ��� ���  ���  ��� ���       ���  �� ��� <  ���������#���������  2490  380  40  125  23  15  10  23  20  2  6  3134  Another strike of considerable  importance has been made in the  neighborhood ofthe Erie strike.  The men working on the Claendon  claim, which is about 200 feet from  the claim of the Erie Mountain  company, have been running a  tunnel to strike the same ledge,  and all indications now point to  the fact that they are nearing the  main vein.���Ymir Mirror.  The ore being taken out of the  drift of the King Solomon, in Copper camp, is a high grade copper,  and it will be sent   to the  Motht-r  Lode smelter.  ���E, R. Shannon, Johnny Layeaux  and C. F. Harridan,- three of the  best known prospectors and miners  in the Boundary country, have  taken a lease on the Humming  Bird mine, up the North Fork,  which has been lying idle for some  time on account of lack of funds.  The Eagle is in a position to give  some exclusive information concerning the first shipment of the season from Triune mine, owned by  Ferguson brothers. And if ore  values go for anything the outside  world should soon begin to realize  that in this district  we have a few  high-grade shippers, as well as the  makings of lots more. Of the  amount shipped this time about  2. tons was this year's production,  and goes to the owner, while some  19 tons belonged to the lessees of  the property last season, Messrs.  Lade and Gunn brothers, and Jas.  Otto. Andrew Ferguson took in  all this trip 385 sacks of ore and  carbonates, the gross weight of  which was 44,670 lbs. The deduction for moisture, 4 5 per cent.,  and the weight of the slacks, (which  will be burned and the ashes  smelted as was done last season,  netting over $100) 930, leaves the  total net weight of ore at 41,772  lbs., nearly 21 tons. The total  contents in gold amounted to 21,-  721 ounces, which at $20 per  ounce,for only 95 per cent, of the  values, gives $412.70. The total  weight of silver was 8,552,82  ounces, and at the very low price  of 58^ cents per ounce, for 95 per  cent, of the:, value, $4,722,76 is  allotted. Had the owners re-  ceived 64 cents per ounce for their  silver as last year the result would  have startled the i a'.ives, but even  these figures will do nicely. Then  cornes the lead, 21,638 pounds> for  which the market is all shot to  pieces; and because, we have a  government which is too infernal  dead to erect a refiuery, ore producers must-. suffer.'������ 'After the  .smelter only paying for 90 per  cent, of it, itstill yields $299.71 to  the owners. The . total gross  values, therefore, were $5,435.17.  The total charges, freight and  treatment from Thomson's Landing to trail at $21 per ton, were  $438.61 ; leaving the net proceeds,  for which the owners immediately  receive a cheque, at $4,966.56, or a  little jess than $5,000 even money.  And when the returns for the  ournt ore sacks arrive the figures  will go over $5 000. It cost the  owners of the Triune $25 per ton  to ��et their ore from the mine to  Thomeon's Landing, which alont>  with the provincial 2 per cent, ore  tax, will help to pull the cream off.  The results, however, cannot he  disputed, We are proving that  we have the ore, and the difference  between ihe gross and net values  shows clearly how badly we want  better .-transportation facilities,���  Lardeau Eagle,  "  This week work was discontinued  at the Rawhide, and the force of  ei^iht men laid off,  The new timber framing machine  was stared up at Old Ironf-ides  mine this week, It is the first of  the kind in the Boundary.  The Mother Lode closed down  Thursday for a week, for genera1  repairs, and to prepare for the enlargement soon to take place.  )  BBBramaraanaBBaBaaBBanBangi  KOOTENAY .  COFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Pea,ers '"Tea and Coffee  We are offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas.  Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  pound..... $   40  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. .... 1 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds  I 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds I 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  1 00  Special Blend Ceylon rea, per p->und.    80  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P..O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON  WADDS BROS.  HOTOGRAPHERS  Vancouver and Nelson  BAKER STREET  NELSON,  B.  C  SUMMER  TO U RS  VIA  AM E R ICA'S  GREATEST  SCENIC LINE  To all Eastern Points via Luke Route,  All-Roil or-Boo Line, via St. Paul or  Chicago.  PAN-AMERICAN  EXPOSITION  BUFFALO - $76.00  Sixty DaytT  Limit  AUGUST 6, 20  Through Hloeplng Our Service, Kootenay  landing to Toronto, Arrowhead to Van-  con vor,  For iiaivipliletH closer I ptlvo of (Janarllnn Pacific lours and for Time iiblon, Kates, TlokolH,  apply  If, L, BROWN,  City PnHNongor Agent,  <'��  v 1,  .LH.CA'JmflK,  J)lHt, I'MBS. Agt.,  Nelson,  10. J. COYLl!],  A. G, I\ A,  Vancouver.  HI  mm

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