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The Nelson Economist Jun 12, 1901

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 VOIv. IV.  NELSON, B. C, WEDNESDAY, J(JNE 12, 1901.  NO. 48  vi  ��  THE NEIvSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription : $2.00 per annum ; if paid in advance, $1.50. Correspondence   OF     GENERAL    INTEREST    RESPECTFULLY  solicited. Only articles of merit will be  advertised in these columns, and the in  tere��ts of readers will be carefully  gm-r-ded against irresponsible persons and  worthless articles.  NO better evidence that there is a general expectation in trade circles of rising markets and widespread activity could   well  be  furnished   than  the  appearance of   warning   against the   fostering of   a  speculative   spirit,   remarks  an   exchange.     It is  well worth,   under   the   circumstances,  to  inquire  whether it is profitable to  take  active  measures  to  oppose a speculative tendency.     We know that past  experience has taught us that, in the   long run,  the  evil after effects of a wildly speculative fever largely  counter-balance temporary advantages.     We know  that a boom usually lets in  a  good   deal of  foreign  material.     In other   words, it  drives   work  abroad  which could have beer kept at home had not the demand been artificially exaggerated by the operations  of outsiders/    A boom may be described   as a scare  of buyers, created by   speculators.     During such  a  period   only a   few are great   gainers, a far   larger  number of manufacturers  and  traders profit  more  than they otherwise  do, while  the1 great  majority  look back on such a period with   mortification   and  regret.     Yet it is difficult to see how a rise can  be  prevented when  circumstances  warrant the  movement.     Speculators cannot be kept out of any- business.     They  are  buyers  when  others  are still  in  doubt, and are only too glad to sell their goods. The  more venturesome in the trade are the first to follow  the   lead   thus taken,   purchasing   raw   materials  liberally, while they hold   back' on a part of their  product.     The craze spreads until all are involved  in it, and the great majority have reached the conclusion that a passing fever is to be the normal condition for a long period to come.    It is then that he  becomes  a public enemy who   dares to utter  sentiments which  a  short time before would  have received general applause.    However numerous those  may be who are determined to oppoee a rapid rise,  there will always be a small but powerful minority  who initiate the movement, and   give it sufficient  impetus to win over converts rapidly.   We question  whether there are many who have witnessed former  booms, who have not baok of all their protestations  the desire to take an earlier hand in  buying, and  be quicker at selling than they were before,     We  believe that this feeling is far more general, and  would prove a more potent factor for action than the  desire to preserve the trade generally from any  future dangers and complications by abstinence  from or resistence to a rising market. So far as we  can learn, there are none in the trade now who look  forward to advances in price at all comparable with  the famous boom period of 1*79-1880. The word  "boom" is'so intimately associated in the minds of  many with that extraordinary time that it is possibly  misleading and unwise to use it now in connection  with the improvement looked forward to. The  term has, however, become identified with any upward tendency in trade, and has entered general  usage in that sense.  A writer in one of the magazines  has discovered  that first-born children excel later-born  children in  height and weight.     This may. be due to the greater  vigor of the mother at  the birth of  the first  child.  We are   reminded of a  fact,   mentioned  later, that  out of fifty great men of this century,  30  per cent,  were the youngest sons.     In England it was   found  that growth degenerates as we go lower in the social  scale, there being a difference  of even  five inches in  height between the best and worst fed classes in tbe  community.     An   investigation of  10,000 children  in Switzerland showed that children born in summer,  are taller for their age than those  born  in winter ;  as a majority of children  in the  public schools are  poor, in winter their parents are forced to economize  more on account of expense of heating ;   their rooms  are also liable to  be small   and poorly  ventilated,  while in summer they are out in the  fresh air ; food  is also cheaper and more varied.     The   influence  of  unhealthy conditions on a very young child   would  be much greater than when it is old and better able  to resist tnem.  The Victoria Colonist says: "Mr. David B.  Bogle has been led by the publication of Mr.  Herschell-Cohen's letter to send us a communication  dealing with the progress of mining in British  Columbia. The facts stated by Mr.- Bogle are very  interesting. We hope other readers will follow the  example of these gentlemen and let us hear from  them on points germane to the subject in which the  Colonist is endeavoring to arouse a renewed interest.  No doubt Mr. Bogle is correct in citing the poor  returns from investments in this province as a reason  why it is difficult now to secure British capital for  British Columbia investments, One has only to  look over the financial papers of London to see the  attractive list of dividends on Westralian and other  properties, with which this province has to compete  when inviting the investment of  capital.    There is  am  WMff��\  mm  mm  m C MWMkAjHIUi  ten  ��  mi  ���'I"  ���HI  I  i  hf'E  X"  !  I.  Is*  .ft  J.'lS'  m  I-  I  w  4  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  no getting away from the fact that our list of  dividend-paying mines is meagre when compared  with the number of flotations. Mr. Bogle hints at  what he thiLks is the cause of this. The point is  well worth exhaustive discussion. If we could  point to a list of dividends regularly paid from  British Columbia mines, we would not have to seek  for capital. Capital would seek us out. What is  the real trouble ? Will those who are best able to  express opinions in this connection kindly do so ?  No subject is better worthy of close consideration.  The province is full of mineral. Good mines have  been opened.     Why are not dividends the rule ?"  Forty-seven years ago Macaulay, the historian,  wrote of America : " Your republic will be pillaged  and avaged in the twentieth century, just as the  Roman empire was by the barbarians of the -fifth  century, with the difference that the devastators of  the Roman empire, the Huns and Vandals, came  from abroad, while your barbarians will be the  natives of your own country, and the direct product  of your own institutions. A day will come in the  State of New York when the multitude between half  a breakfast and tbe hope of half a dinner will elect  your legislators. Is it possible to have any doubt  as to the kind of legislators that will be elected ?  You will be obliged to do those things which will  render prosperity impossible. Then some Caesar or  some Napoleon will take the reins of government in  hand."  Edward Whymper, the British mountain climber,  intends to spend the coming summer with Swiss  guides among the Rocky Mountains of Canada. He  will endeavor to ascend a number of peaks that  have not yet been climbed, and he has particular in  view Mount Assiniboine, a fine peak about twenty  miles south of the Canadian Pacific railroad. It is  nearly 12,000 feet high, bears a remarkable resemblance to the Matterhorn and is apparantly inaccessible on all sides. Several attempts to ascend  this mountain have failed. Professor Charles E.  Fay, of the Appalachian Mountain club, <?ays that  in this region, within twenty-five miles of the Canadian Pacific railroad, there are at least a dozen peaks,  whose ascent is likely to be extremely difficult. He  speaks of Mount Assiniboine as offering a problem  apparently more difficult of solution than was the  Matterhorn before Edward Whymper discovered its  secret in 1865,  Last week we referred to the proposed revision of  "The Westminster Confession of Faith." This was  the subject of a remarkable sermon preached at  Ottawa the last Sunday in May by Rev. W, T.  Herridge, D D., of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church.  He not only advocated the revision of the Westminister Confession of Faith, but the formulation of  a simple creed. a The Westminster confession in  its general system of doctrine is soundly theislic,  and especially Christain," said Mr. Herridge.   " But  it has its limitations,   like all other   works of man.  It emphasizes what may be called the dynamic view  of God as a sovereign, rather than the moral view of  God as a Father.     It dogmatizes on the subject of  election  in  a  confident way  which-the   Scriptures  scarcely seem to  warrant.     It   identifies the   anti-  Christ with a single person  instead of finding  the  anti-Christ in - every temper   and  tendency   which  opposes His holy will.     This  confession  did  great  service for its age, but this age has out-grown it," he  declared.     u Let the Confession remain with  all its  defects   and   all   its excellences.     But surely  the  church  is not  now so  lacking in   intelligence and  spiritual  fervor that it cannot formulate a simpler  creed,   which    more   appropriately   expresses   the  religious   ideas to which  time  has   given   clearer  emphasis.     This is not necessarily an insult to any  creeds of the past, nor yet a denial of their essential  principles.     It  is a simple acknowledgment of the  fact that they are not perfect.     We shall not be infallible any more than they ;   but unless the  truth  of God has ceased  to instruct the world  it   would  seem to be our duty to make what progress we  can  in the understanding of it.     The strong and  steadfast truths which have done so, much to educate our  church to the place which she holds to-day,  will remain as an imperishable inheritance, but  instead of  being content with a setting of them which can only  be   made  vivid by   historical imagination, it   will  surely be of advantage to incorporate their essential  features in a working theology   which  directs  and  inspires us in   the  actual  battle of life.     For my  own part, I could get along with  this  creed, which  fell from the lips of the Master  Himself :   * God  so  loved the world that He gave Hie only begotten Son  that whosoever believeth in Him might   not  perish,  but have everlasting life.'     Every essential doctrine  of Christianity seems to me to  be contained in it ;  the doctrine of God's love, of man's guilt of Christ's  divine power of salvation through faith in Him, of a  life which  reaches  beyond the grave,  and  which  nothing can ever destroy.   And when Presbyterianism  is accused of   being narrow,   as it sometimes is   by  whose   who do   not know it,   I wish to   say   with  emphasis that no church in Christendom  is bro der  in its tests for   membership.     It is true   that   its  ministers   and elders are asked   to give a   general  assent   to the system of   doctrine set forth in   the  Westminster Confession.    If anyone understands it  to teach that certain helpless infants are damned for  all eternity, I suppose he may   teach that   horrible  falsehood, but I never heard of anyone doing so.   In  my humble   judgment it would be wise to remove  all doubt as to what our church teaches by such a  restatement of the whole question as would make it  clear   that   the love of God   is never   partial   nor  arbitrary.    I do not think that either pietv or the  orthodoxy of the ohurch will  be injured by a less  elaborate and technical creed than that of the Westminster divines, and which revolved round the great  central fact that the compassion of the Father in  heaven is infinite, and that it covers all men.   Faith  in Christ and obedience to Him is ail that is required  M'ii:')iuiWi*��'iii��'.-^v��ii.'.yjiiftii^ i.*' ..'.'.��<i THE NELSON ECONOMIST  'tfWWWWWW'iWH^WWWr^^MrwmrKi, mgmgggg  of anyone. Within these bounds there is room left  for wide divergence of individual opinion. No  church could ask less without ceasing to be a church  arid it has always seemed to me that no church has  any right to ask more."  Every effort of the citizens of Nelson should be  put forth to secure the lead refinery. The location  of the refinery here practically establishes this city  as the centre of the mining industry of British  Columbia. Not only this, but it facilitates the  establishment here of other industries. It appears  that all that will be required to bring about the desired result is the undivided efforts of the citizens,  and when it is considered what is at stake, surely  the residents of Nelson should at once unite to  accomplish the desired end.  Says the West, of Regina : "In 1891 the census  showed that New Brunswick had decreased in population, whereupon a dismal howl went up from the  Liberal press upon the failure of the then Conservative government to keep our young men in Canada.  But the census of 1901 taken by the LiberalSj and at  a time of world-wide prosperity, shows that the province of Prince Edward Island has decreased in  population. Now what's the matter with the government"���.-.? Is it the National Policy that they stole that  is responsible for this decrease in Prince Edward's  population or is it merely the fact that they have  not been able to govern with that wisdom which  ought to come from a cabinet which possesses 'all  the talents."  The State of Colorado has in force a mining  statue of her own which is in line with common  sense as regards the location of mining claims. It  provides that before filing a location for a claim the  discover shall locate his claim by sinking a shaft on  the lode to the depth of at least ten feet from the  lowest part of the rim of such shaft so dug must expose the vein on which the location is based, and it  ,is not sufficient that a discovery is made of some  other vein within the limits of the claim. The  Supreme Court of Colorado has just sustained this  law by holding that a discovery made subsequent to  the location could not relate back to the date of that  location so as to cut out intervening rights.  From every Province in the Dominion and every  State in the Union come reports of strikes. Instead  of abating, the war between master and man seems to  grow more fierce, Speaking of the strike of the  building trades at Ottawa, the Citizen has the following sensible remarks : " The labour troubles in connection with the building and kindred trades in  Ottawa appear to be spreading, and the plasterers  are the latest addition to the ranks of the Btrikers.  It is unfortunate but we presume it is unavoidable.  Trade is brisk, business is good and the men desire  to profit from the good times. The question of what  they will accept and what employers can afford to  give is one to be settled by negotiation. It is not a  matter for out-side interference.. The men "have  labor to sell and the employers have to buy it and  the only difficulty is to arrive at the market price as  affected by the existing conditions of demand and  supply. So long as the men on strike take only  legitimate, orderly means to support' their position  the sympathy of the public will naturally be with  them. At the same time the Citizen can not refain  from again pointing out the undesirability of resorting  to strikes from the point of view of employers, employes and public. If striking is an unavoidable  measure to bring matters to a head, the fact should  not be lost sight of that it is a measure which inevitably causes loss to both sides and the longer a  strike continues the greater the loss to both parties  concerned, and the greater the inconvenience to the  general public. If this view of the situation is  strongly held, no opportunity of the negotiation and  settlement will be lost, and no effort will be spared  to avoid irritation by action on either side. It is  a straight.business deal on both Bides, and personal  feeling should be eliminated and avoided as much as  possible. By so doing the prospect of a speedy  settlement is much improved."  According to some authorities, the mine-owners of  British Columbia intend to engage in the publishing  bussiness in addition to their mining enterprises. It  has long been a theory that it would take a man  with a gold mine to make certain papers, pay, and  we will now see how far a silver lead proposition  will succeed.  A stranger in the city observing the number of  men who fall off the wharf attempting to get aboard  the boats, might get the impression that Nelson men  preferred to swim to Kootenay Landing rather than  avail themselves of the comforts provided by the  navigation companies.  The examination for entrance to the High  School  has been set down for June 24.  An Irish gentleman is travelling through the  Northwest seeking out land for an Irish colony. If  he could arrange the settlement in the vicinity of  the location of the Doukhobors, Paddy, with his  well-known aversion to foreigners, might make it  unpleasant enough for Sifton's pets to get them out  of the country.  The government press suggests that an investigation iB to be held into the census of 1891 on the  ground that the enume ation made the population  of Canada larger than it was, This action is proposed because the returns of the census taken this  year are found to be disappointing. Certain rural  districts in Ontario and Quebec are reported to have  leas people in them than were counted ten years ago  and this is held to be proof that the census return  of 1891 was" stuffed." ag^.*r��g��gg=JJ^atf^.a^fl5*X?S^'X.gpa^ b^AIWt^ft^sw��wcaww*S)*��^��w��^^*^w  1 ���Vi?  1 *?h  *i  i  ir*  pi*  5*-  ft.  I  W  :;-  ���i -  I  6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  THE Charles Erin Verner company, now at the  Opera House, is one of the best that has yet  visited Nelson. Mr. Verner is an exceedingly  clever impersonator of Irish characters, and he is supported by a company well-selected for the class of  plays produced. Of the men an extra word of praise  must be given Louis Belmour and Percy Oblien, both  of whom are actors of more than mediocre merit. Miss*  Kitty Belmour has for many seasons enjoyed the distinction of being the most capable character woman  with the coast stock companies, and remarking that  the other women in the cast gave general satisfaction  is not an exaggerated claim. Judging from the  applause, it is safe to say that the Verner company  will be well received whenever they may again visit  Nelson.  Louis Belmour, who is now performing at the  Nelson Opera House with the Charles Erin Verner  Company, can reasonably claim-all the privileges of  a Nelson pioneer. Mr. Belmour was here two or  three weeks in 1892, with the Belmour-Gray Company, which was probably the be^t stock company  ever seen in Nelson. One of the plays produced  was " Solomon Isaacs," a production which Charley  Gray was particularly adapted for. Another one of  the company was MisB Kate Dalgleish, who has  since supported Modjeska and other great actors and  actresses. Of course, it is scarcely necessary, to remark that Mr. Belmour sees many changes in Nelson,  but it may interest the public to. learn that he was  unable to locate the place in which this company  gave their performances, the old Miner building on  Victoria, Street, then in process of erection. Mr.  Belmour's experiences- at that time will probably  form an interesting chapter in the history of the  drama in Nelson���when it comes to be written.  The concert given at the Opera House last Friday  night, in aid of the English Church, was a decided  success. The entertainment opened with an instrumental selection by Mrsdames Hannington and  Hedley and Messrs. Harris and Campbell, which  was deservedly applauded. Mrs. Parry sang in  her usual correct and pleasing manner. Mr.  Sydney Morse has a very sweet tenor voice and pang  several selections. Mrs. Davys sang a coon song  in costume and responded to a hearty encore. Mr.  Harris' violin solos were excellent. Mr. Scanlan,  dressed as a colored gentleman, recited a parody on  " Curfew Shall Not Ring To-night, and proved himself a clever comedian, A mandolin solo by Mrs.  Woakes, and a cake walk by Master Gilker and  Master Cummings completed the entertainment.  Mrs. Rowley was the  accompanist for the evening,  The customs which govern applause in, different  countries will scarcely be understood in this country, where it is simply tbe expression of appreciation  of the work of the performer. I read the other day  that the audiences in Russian theaters are strictly  forbidden to applaud. The audiences in the theaters  of Japan are not permitted to applaud until they  receive the cue from the stage, on the prompting of  the manager, The first nighters in the theaters of  ancient Rome were  much  more punctilious in  the  matter of applause than modern audiences are.  When the Roman theater goers were fairly well  satisfied with a play, they applauded by snapping  with the thumb and middle finger. If they wanted  the actors to understand that they were really  satisfied with the performance,they clapped loudly by  beating the left fingers on the right hand. A more  hearty token of approval was given by striking the  flat palms of the hands against each other. At the  two imperial theaters in Vienna, the Opera and the  Burg, applause is not allowed until the conclusion  of an act, and encores are strictly prohibited.  Physicians and surgeons in general have decided  that death following disease or injury is seldom accompanied with fear. Disease dulls the intelligence,  so that the situation may not be comprehended in  all cases ; or, again, the patient may be suffering  terrible pain, and may - look upon death as.a relief.  It is generally believed now by psychologists,,  surgeons, physicians and others'who have given the  subject attention, that nature, by a kind provision,  has prepared the body and mind for the flight of the  spirit. It is well known that as the hold upon life  grows weaker, the desire to live grows gradually less,  and that there is, comparatively speaking, scarcely  a recorded instance where the dying person has not  at least yielded up life without seeming reluctance  or fear. Of course the numerous physical phenomena  which usually accompany the act of dying vary considerably in the early stages with the causes which  are producing death. To one schooled, in death  scenes, the physiognomy which the grim destroyer  presents in one not easily mistaken. Among the  many signs of death that are unmistakable are the  failing pulse, the coldness of the extremities, the  change in the countenance as the venous blood  courses through the arteries ; the skin grows clammy  as the various vessels refuse to longer perform their  functions ; the eyes glaze ; the jaw drops j fluid  accumulates in the windpipe, causing the " death  rattle," and finally the breathing ceases   altogether.  A writer in one of the magazines says: "If the  pupil always hears correct English from his teachers  and is always corrected when he uses incorrect Eng- .,"���  lish-.he"-.will' acquire a correct use of the language  without spending several years studying books devoted to rules and their many exceptions, diagrams,  parsing, spelling lists, etc. After the pupil has  learned to use correct English, while learning something else which he writes and talks about, five hours '  a week for one school year is.all that is necaessary for  the systematic teaching of English grammer.,,  The public is being extensively assured that The  Visits of Elizabeth were really made to the most  fashionable of country houses in England and  France. It may possibly be questioned just how  much profit it is to the ordinary reader to possess  accurate and reliable information concerning the  smart European i-et, but, however that maybe, the  accurate information is to be found in Mrs, Glyn's  book, and considerable amusement besides. The  charming frontispiece to the volume, which we are  to suppose is meant as a portrait of Elizabeth, should  be-a ldnd of guarantee that the book is reliable.  For it is a portrait, only very slightly altered, of  Lady Angela Forbes, whose name is almost always,  as George Ade would say, " among those present."  It is curous, when one comes to think of it, how very  few English novelists are capable of writing of  fashionable English life from any real experience of THE NELSON ECONOMIST  aWPW3WHP��BgTOiilP!Wi"��J ,!*'.'!' I. ���. .1 *HP!!ggBrBm!  prs^prgTm-^ ryy y,re,fl.ira?:igS3  it." Dukes and duchesses abound in novels, and it  is probable that in most cases the authors have at  least met a specimen of the class to be depicted.  You could scarcely live in England without at least  doing that. But knowing is a different matter, and  it must be admitted that English authors as a class  do not have the entree to the smart set'. This leaves  out of account the yearly crop of fashionable  amateurs in whose stories the information is accurate  enough, but whose lack of skill in writing prevents  the net results from being worth much. The novelists  of position who could write authoritatively of society  may almost be counted on the fingers of one.hand.  The city council of Revelstoke has undertaken to  solve the Chinese problem in so far as that city is concerned. An effort is being made to hive the Chinese  so that they will no longer be a nuisance to white  people. . ^  The Cascade Record is for sale, the present editor  having accumulated sufficient of this world's. goods  to retire.  " It is quite a mistake to think that women dress  for men to admire. They dress to please themselves,  and to outvie each other, and cause envy if they can  among their friends." If a man had written that it  would have been put down to his ignorance or rudeness, or a naturally disagreeable temper. But it is  not written by a man. We find it in a delighfully  candid paper contributed to the Ladies' Realm, by  Constance Countess'de la Warr, who offers ladies  what seems to be unquestionably good advice on the  subject. "The art of dressing well," she says,  "consists greatly in so having on the right dress  that no notice is taken of it." And again, u What  spoils good dressing is that everyone tries to dress  against the other, and all want their particular  dress to be remarked.'' The old saying that beauty  is most beautiful when simply clothed seems to have  lost its meaning ; yet it is still true that an elegant  simplicity is always most admired.  It is a curious fact that the "doctrine of pro*  babilities," or the scientific basis upon which all  insurances rests, had its origin in a game of cards.  That is to say, the foundation upon which this great  economy depends, and upon which it owes its claims  to the confidence and patronage of the comunity,  originated from investigations regarding games of  chance. It happened in this way : About the  year 1650 the Chevalier de Mere, a Flemish nobleman, who was both a respectable mathematician  and an ardent gamester, attempted to solve the problem of dividing equitably the stakes when a game  of chance was interrupted, The problem w&s too  difficult for him, and he sought the aid of the famous  Abbe Blaise Pascal, a Jesuit priest, author of "Night  Thoughts," and one of the most accomplished  mathematicians of any age. Pascal solved the  problem, and in doing so enunciated the "doctrine  of probabilities," or laws governing so-called chances.  Upon this depends not only the laws governing insurance of all kinds, but also the laws governing the  motions of planet in space, and, in fact, all astronomical science. This doctrine or theory Pascal  illustrated by the throwing of dice. When a single  die is thrown the chance of turning up an ace is  precisely one out of six, or one out of the total  number of sides or faces. But if a large number of  throws are made, it will be found that each face will  be turned up an equal number of times. From  this Pascal laid down the proposition that results  which have happened in any given number of  observed cases will again happen under similiar  circumstances, provided the numbers be sufficient  for the proper working of the Paw average. Thus  the duration of the life of a single individual is one  of the greatest uncertainties, but the duration, or  fate of mortality, of a large number of individuals  may be predicted with great accuracy by comparison  with the observed results among a sufficiently large  number of persons of similar ages, occupations, and  climatic influences.  By special request, the Verner company will present this evening Dion Boucicault's celebrated play,  " The Shaughraun." This is generally conceded  to be the great dramatist's masterpiece, and has  been produced oftener than any other Irish play.  Special scenery is required in this production, and  Mr. Verner is fortunate in having with him all the  accessories for a first-class scenic production. The  manager is also particularly fortunate in being at  the head of a company capable of giving an intelligent presentation of an Irish play.  Ottawa boasts of an alderman who is able to- fill  a pulpit when occasion demands. That's nothing.  Nelson can go one better, and supply aldermen for  two pulpits.   - P. G.  Two ladies contended for precedence in the court  of Charles the Fifth. They appealed to the monarch,  who. like Solomon,. awarded : "Let the eldest go  first."     Such a dispute was never known afterward.  There is nothing so ridiculous and so easily dis-  cernable in a merchant as an air of patronage towards customers. It is a species of vanity which is  as ludicrous as it is disagreeable. The bumptious merchant in his vanity reckons himself  somewhat of a philanthropist. His behavior towards his customers is offensive to those amongst  them are of a keen or sensitive nature. In his  overweening vanity he reckons himself the patron  and the customer the beneficiary, Every action of  his conveys that impression. When he is sympathetic he is condescendingly so ; heartiness is  luring and o*ten vulgar , his insincerity is apparent,  for humanity iB a distinctive judge ��� of disposition  and character. The^patronizing merchant is a humbug.  Though the late Fred Leslie had, as we all have a  great admiration for our Colonial fellow-subjects, he  was tempted on one occasion to be rather bitter on  the ancestry of an Australian who had bored him  out of all patience. His tormentor was buttonholing him as they sailed into Sydney Harbour and  wound up Leslie's irritation by talking on and on,  praising the harbour, the beautiful women, the fine  men, etc. When he had at Inst nearly finished his  catalogue of the virtues of the Australians he once  more spoke of the strength and the fine physique of  the men. " Well and you ought to be a. fine race,  some of you at least, for some of you were sent here  by the best judges in the old country." They treated  poor Leslie well anyhow, and no artiste spoke better  of them than he ; but an Australian poseur with  nothing to lean against is hard to bear no doubt.���  English Paper. 8  ��.$  The Castle at Ferguson's.  KB  I  r,  Bsr  ffl-  JERKING and bucking, the "mixed train" slowly  labored away, leaving me alone in the dark  November night on the wind swept platform at  Ferguson's, a Canadian Junction, where I was to  await the Boston express. The waiting room was  deserted, and the door apparently leading into the  agent's room was closed.  I sat dreamily listening to the crackling of the  fire and the spattering of snow-flakes on the window, when suddenly I heard the sound of music.  The door at the back of the room had been opened,  and it did not lead into the agent's kitchen, but  into an ancient looking apartment hung with dark'  tapestry and carpeted with rich skins. At a harp  sat a lady sumptuously dressed in gold and white  brocade, with an embroidered veil floating back  from her flowing red gold hair. Behind partly  drawn velvet curtains was a beautiful oriel window  of painted glass, showing through an open pane a  castle court surrounded by gray battlemented walls.  Upon the tapestried walls hung two portraits, one  represented the lady in her brocade gown, the other  a handsome man in. ruby velvet cloak and trunks  and pink hose. -  The lady's fingers were drawing silvery music  from the hjrp which accompanied her clear voice,  singing an old French chanson.  I listened, wondering, till a rushing roar announced the Boston; express, and in an instant I  stood between the prosaic, blank, curtain sides of a  Pullman sleeper, greatly longing for a backward  glance at.the mysterious castle. - .    '  All the winter I sought information from those  who might know the castle at Ferguson's but in  vain ; and so, still wondering, on a June morning  1 found myself enroute for my Canadian summer  home, again at the Junction, awaiting the local train.  I gazed eagerly over the open-. fields-.;-; thgre was  no trace of castle or even cottage, absolutely nothing except the station house !  On the shady side sat a young woman in a pink  calico frock and sunbonnet, shelling peas into a  bright tin pan.  "Won't you sit down..?"' said she, pushing a  red rocker towards me,  I seated myself, asking, as I looked curiously  around���  " Have there been many changes here ?"  " Well," answered my hostess, " Jim and I have a  new potato patch this year."  " Last autumn," said I, "I waited here one night  and 1-thought-1   saw  an   old  castle ;  I  certainly  saw a tapestried room  and   an   oriel   window  overlooking a court with battlemented  windows.     And  now there is not even   a crumbling stone,"  " Oh 1" said the pink calico lady. " You're that  one, are you ?"  I looked wondering, at the young woman ; a line  of red gold hair under the sunbonnet caught my  eye.  "Do you mean," I asked, " that you .are the lady  of the harp ? But wherein the world are the harp  and the castle ?"   and  I gazed blankly  round  me.  "Oh, 'tisn't in sight," said my hostess. " I never  have it up days ; it would be in the way. I'm  real pleased it seemed so natural, You see, in  Maine before I was married, I lived right on the  street and saw all the passing, and I thought it  would be terrible lonesome here, with Jim away a  good deal ; and I'd always enjoyed reading about  old castles, and ladies nil dressed*up and sitting at  harps, so I asked Jim if he minded if  I rigged up  a  sort of little castle here, for company, and he said,  Oh, no, if it wouldn't obstruct travel. And he fell  to and helped, did all the carpenter work and painting, and I did the embroidery. So that's how it was  made. And when I dress up I feel as if I really  was the lady Eleanor, and get lots of company out  of it. Jim has a handsome suit, too, crimson velvet,  but somehow he doesn't like to wear it; his was  the other portrait���did you notice ? There," she  continued, " my peas are shelled. You just step  this way."  I followed Mrs. Jim, armed with a lighted candle,  down stairs into the cellar, which was mostly  occupied by what seemed a wooden cistern with a  door which she opened ; and I beheld the  tapestried castle room, the oriel window with its  glimpse of battlemented walls, the harp, the portraits of the Lady Eleanor and her ruby velvet clad  knight, and, in the midst, Mrs. Jim, beaming  beneath her pink sunbonnet.  "All the painting Jim did," said she, kindly.  "D>n't you think it's real good?"  "'The portraits, you mean ?"   said I.  "Yes, and the rest," she answered.  A fid then I saw that oriel window, court and  battlemented walls were a cleverly * painted background whick grandly extended the tiny box of a  -room./'   : ������.���������"."������'.���.���.  "It's wonderful !" I exclaimed "But last  November I did not go down cellar."  "We're a rigging up a trap-door, and I haul it up  to the kitchen sometimes, and dress up and play.  I'd noticed that in the old castles, ladies mostly  played harps, sol took some money I'd saved dress-  in aking and bought a harp, and went to Quebec for  two months to learn it, so's to,, have things complete.  I'm real glad you like our castle ; it's lots of company for me. There's your train coming ! I'm  pleased you came this way."  "So am I," I answered, hurrying up the. stairs  and climbing aboard the "mixed train," which,  rattling and jerking, slowly bore me away.from the  wonderful castle and its proud mistress, the pink  bonneted Lady Eleanor.���Alice Boutelle. V.  You can turn the story of the spotted dog into a  graceful compliment to any institution���to a newspaper or a political party. Don't you know the  story of the spotted dog ? Briefly this is it. There  was a millionaire in Chicago. lie had a lovely  team of horses, the admiration of the Lake-side  drive, but he hankered after a perfect Dalmatian  dog, one that was beyond reproach as to the regul ar-  ity and shape of its spots, One day at a dog store  down town he discovered this paragon. As he left  the place with his prize a loafer by the door made  some envious or jeering remark that he was in too  happy a frame of mind to notice. He went off with  his black and white splendidly spotted dog. All  Lake-side was in ecstacieB of admiration and envy  as the Dalmatian ran after the millionaire's team.  Presently the weather changed ; it began to rain ;  the spots on the perfect Dalmatain began to mingle  with each other, As the storm increased the spots  became stripes, and finally the dog presented the  appearance of a wretched dirty mongrel, black and  white and brown in ugly confusion. And then the  millionaire remembered the remark of the loafer  standing by the store, "Say, stranger, there's  generally an umbrella goes with that dawg 1"  ���>a  i  ^''^fJ'Klvl'*''^^"'  �����.��-,,.�����uNtf'w. w��mi��i  alfeigiMtt��^ jflUlffCTfiBflTWIiOTFTII  MWHWWiMMIIWmWUi 'JUJl-iJUil lUtf.J U UI-UU1L.  TBirnsas^z:  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  SHORT STORIES  A certain English Bishop, as he was ��ping about  his diocese, asked the porter of the lunatic asylum  how a chaplain whom he (the Bishop) had lately  appointed was getting on. "Oh, me lord," said the  man, " his preaching is most successful. Thehidiots  hen joys  it partickler."  The London " Globe" tells of an old woman who  was being di.-charged completely cured from a provincial hospital and was having a last interview  with the house physician. u Well," he said, "you  will have to speak well of the hospital now^ won't  you ?" And "the old woman replied :/���" Ay, that I  will, doctor. But, sure, I never spoke ill of it. My  'usband died here."  John Lawrence Toole, the most popular low  comedian of his day, once gave a supper to eighty of  his friends, and wrote a note to each of them privately  beforehand, asking him whether he would be so good  as to say grace, as. no cleryman would be present.  It is said that the faces of those eighty men as they  rose in a body when Toole tapped on the table, as a  signal for grace, was a sight which will never be forgotten. ; ��� . ���  An English clergyman once preached a sermon  on the fate of the wicked. Meeting soon after an  old woman well known for her gossiping propensities, he said.-.;-'," I hope my sermon has borne fruit.  You heard what I said about the place where there  shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth ?"u Well,  as to that," answered the dame," if I 'as any think  to say, it be this : let them gnash their teeth as  'em���I ain't 1"  " Swears" believes that Sir Henry Irving is fond  of strolling about the outlying suburbs of London,  and particularly frequents Hamstead Heath. One  afternoon during a walk he passed two labourers  who were repairing the road, and one of them was  overheard to say, "What's that, Bill, I seem to know  his chivvy ?" "Yes," said the other, " Why, its  Shakespeare, of course"���a compliment Irving would  not fail to appreciate.  On one occasion  the late  Chief Justice  Russell  went into the English provinces to help the Liberals  in a certain campaign.     He began his speech of Bet  purpose with some very  badly pronounced  Scotch.  After the confusion caused by his apparent  blunder  had subsided, Sir Charles Rnseell, as he then   was)  said : " Gentlemen, I do not speak Scotch, but! vote  Scotch."    Tremendous applause   followed,   whereupon   Sir   Charles proceeded,  " and  I  sometimes  drink Scotch."     With this his hold on the audience  was secured.  t Years ago, while Augustus Harris was conducting  a rehearsal at Drury Lane Theatre he noticed an  actor, who was almost a stranger to him, standing  on the stage. Suspending the rehearsal for a  moment he shouted to the man, who is now a well-  known and prominent actor, " Hi, what do you  want, sir ?" " An engagement," the actor shouted  back. " How much a week ?" said Harris. " Ten  pounds," was the response. " Give you two 1" said  Harris, " Done," said the actor. Many an actor  and actress have been " out" season after season because they had not the courage to take a low salary  rather then to be unemployed. Occupation is a  great thing; of course the actor who said " Done"  to Harris's two pounds made a hit and soon had his  ten.  The Pelican Club of London, rejoices in a very  discreet, not to- say suspicious, hall porter. He  rarely makes a mistake. Once he did however.  A distinguished member had been taking his wife  and sister to the theatre. They dropped him at the  club on the way home. On .���'arriving ... at their  residence, they found the husband had the hall  door. key. They hastened back to the club. The  wife, a very pretty woman, alighted and asked for  ���Mr. So-and-So. The janitor could not say whether  he was in the club or not. " But I am his wife,  and I know he is," she said. " Ah, ma'am," said  the discreet hall porter with a grin, "they all say  that." The poor woman, finding all her efforts in  vain to soften the heart of the janitor, at last drove  away with the prospect of waiting outside her dwelling until her lord should arrive home. Evidently,  however,when the ladies had gone the janitor had  informed the husband of their visit, for within a few  minutes he returned with the key.  Traveling Then and Now.  In " The Recollections of Samuel Breck," a fine  old survivor of the colonial period," some forcible impressions are given of certain innovations made in  the early years of the last century. Particularly  amusing, in the light of developments, is his  account of a ride in a railway car from B iston fo  Providence in 1835.  "Five or six other cars were attached to the loco,  and uglier boxes I do not wish to travel in. Two  poor fellows who were not much in the habit of making their toilet squeezed me into a corner, while the  hot sun drew from their garments a .villainous compound of smells made up of salt fish, tar and  molasses. By and by twelve bouncing factory girls  were introduced, who were going on a part}7 of  pleasure to Newport.  "'Make room for the ladies I' bawled out the  superintendent. " Come, gentlemen, jump up on  the top ;   plenty of room there 1'  "For my part I refused to move. The whole  twelve were introduced, however, and soon made  themselves at home, sucking lemons and eating  green apples. There is certainly a growing neglect  of manners and insubordination to the laws, a  democratic familiarty and a tendency to level all  distinctions. The rich and the poor, the educated  and the ignorant, the polite and the vulgar, all herd  together in this modern improvement in   traveling,  " The consequence is a complete amalgamation,  and all this for the sake of doing very uncomfortably  in two days what could be done delightfully  in eight or ten. Undoubtedly a line of post-horses  and post-chaises would, long ago have been  established along our great roads had not steam  monopolized everything.  " Steam, so useful in many respects, interferes with  the comfort of traveling, destroys every salutary  distinction in society, and overturns by its whirligig  power tho once rational, gentlemanly and safe mode  of getting along on a journey. Talk of ladies on  board a steamboat or in a railroad car I There are  none."  This, remember, was written in 1835, If, remaiks  the " Youth's Companion" the fine old gentleman  were living now, and would whirl from Boston to  Providence in a drawing-room oar in sixty minutes,  he might revise his pessimistic utterances.  MMMMMMMMMMf :,:v.  w  IiL,t  10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  1 *"'  m  ��  ii  ft .  KM"'  ftih-'  1$;'"  I:;  in  |y  II:.  K  B'"  Following are >he ore shipments  received at the Trail smelter for the  week ending May 8 as reported  by the Trail Creek News :  Tons  Centre Star  1413  War Eagle....  618  Iron Mask..  55i  B. C.  ...... 789  Bosun  20��  Enterprise...  20i  Paradise......  99|  i\ Orlli  ODcli*��*������e������**�� ���������       _L JL /  JLOLcLi****** ������������������    ��������������������������� ����� ���    OlOZi 2  Slocan Drill : With this week's  shipments, the mineral exports  from the division for the year pass  in excess of 2000 tons. Two properties are to be figured in the list  during the week, the Enterprise  and Arlington. From the former  20 tons was sent out while the  latter shipped four carloads, <>r 80  tons. The Enterprise is the only  Ten Mile property shipping and its  exports average only 40 t^.ijs  monthly. During the past month  a much larger body of ore has been  blocked out at the Arlington,  which is in about the best condition  since its opening. Last year the  exports from.this division amounted  to 2847 tons, made up from 10 properties. Following is ��� list of the  shipments this year to date :  Arlington.  1585  Enterprise  200  Two Friends ....".  40  Black Prince  100  Bondholder  23  Chapleau...  15  opecuiatoi  jlu  2980  Another rich body of ore has  been uncovered in the Hewitt  mine. This strike is an important  one and was made in a cross-cut  tunnel driven north into the hang-  wall from the No 2. tunnel at a  point in some 400 feet, or jusi  beyond the upraise from No 8  The strike was made at a distance  in of eleven feet and consists of a  body of galena ore thne feet in  width. It appears to be a parallel  ledge or body of ore vvith the main  vein and may he a continuation of  the rich body of ore encountered in  the lower workings at about the  same distance from the main vein,  The ore in this new strike carries  considerably more lead than any  heretofore uncovered in this property. No assays have as yet been  made on it, but it is doubtless very  rich as grey copper and ruby silver  is present in large quantities in the  ore. The Hewitt has a large  amount  of   ore   blocked out   and  ready for stoping in all three of its  levels and this new strike but adds  value to an already rich mine.  A good force of miners is employed by the company in doing  development work in the upper  levels and the contractor who is  driving the eleven hundred foot  tunnel, the No 6., has a full force at  work. The right-of-way for the  tramway is now ready and the crew  are only awaiti g the arrival of the  cable to rush the work to completion -���Silver Ionian.  On May 31 and June 8 agents  C. P. R. at common Kootenay  points will sell round trip tiokets  to Si. Paul at $50, good for bO days  with corresponding reductions to  all Eastern points. For Pan-American Exhibition tickets will be sold  June 4, 18, July 2,16, Aug. 6, 20 to  Buffallo a: $76.  Notice to  Delinquent Co-Owner.  To Ira Petty, or to any person or persons  to whom he may have transferred his interest in the Montana mineral^claim, situated  about three ^miles north from Creston, and  recorded in the Recorder's Office for the Goat  River Mining Division of West Kootenay District :  You-are hereby notified that we have expended one thousand dollars in labour and  improvements in order to hold said mineral  claim under the provisions of the Mineral  Act, and if within ninety days from the date  of this notice you fail or refuse to .contribute  your proportion of such expenditure together  with all cost of advertising, your interest in  said claim will become the property of the  subscribers, under section 4 of an Act entitled  An Act to Amend the Mineral Act, i900.  Dated this 14th day of May, 1901.  John F. Wilson,  J ENNIE E. SPAU LDING,  15-5-01 By her attorney in fact,  8AMUEL   LOVATT.  !  BiGMUuuaa.  NOTICE TO CREDITORS.  In the matter of the Estate of Kenneth Cannell, late jf the City of i\elson, Province of  British Columbia, stone mason, deceased.  Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the  " Trustees and Executors Act" of the Revised  Statutes ofthe Province of British Columbia,  1897, Chapter 187, that all creditors and others  having claims against the estate ofthe said  Kenneth Oannell.who died on or about the 18th  day ol October. 1900 .are required, on or before  the 1st day of July, 1901, to send by post prepaid or (tof 1 ver to Messrs Taylor & Hannington,  of tho City oJ Nelson aforesaid, Solicitors for  Barbara Cannell, the administratrix ofthe  personal estate of the said deceased, their  Christian' and surnames, addresses and descriptions, tho full particulars of their claims,  tho statemont of their accon nts and tho natu re  of the securities, if any, hold by them.  And further take notice that aftor such last  mentioned date tho said administratrix will  proceed to distribute tlie assets of tho deceased  among the parties en tit loci thereto, having regard only to the claims which she shall then  have notice, and the said administratrix will  not be liable lor tho said assets or any part  thereof to any person or persons of whose  claims notice shall not have been roooivod by  her at tho time of such distribution,  Dated tho 2<tth day of April 1001.  TAYLOl.t.& HANNINGTON,  Solicitors for .Barbara Cannoll, administratrix  .of Kenneth Cannell, doceased.  "^EBrTjWcATEOF IMPROVEMENTS.  Golden Quoon Mineral Claim,situate in the  Nolson Mining Division of West Kootonay  Where Located: About 1500 foot north of  the "Poorman" and about one mile south of  the Kootonay biMdgo,  Take notice that 1, John McLatchio, ol tho  City of Nelson, acting as agemfc for Iflll/a  Ann Crowe, Free .Minor's Certificate No. 13  20,<!00Vlntond, sixty days from the date horo-  ol, to apply to tho Mining Uocordor for a  Cortl Meato 1 Improvements, for tlie purposo  ofobtalnlng a Crown Grant of the above  ' And 1'urthor take notice that action, under  section 87,  must be commonood boforo tho  Issuance of such Certificate of Improvements  Dated this ,17th day if April, 1001.     tv  John MoLatohho, P.L.H.  KOOTENAY ... .  GOFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Tea and Coffee  Dealers  In  We are offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas. ���'���'-���.    Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  ��� pound......:.......... ;$   40  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. .... 1 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds....'..., . I. 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds... :���.������.���.'.. 1 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds ............ 1 00  Special Blend Ceylon rea, per piund.    80  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY CiOFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON  WADDS BROS.  HOTOGRAPHERS  Vancouver and Melson  BAKER STREET  NELSON,   B.  C.  CANADIAN  REDUCED JAJES EAST  31 May, 8 June  EXCURSIONS  TO  June 4, 18  July 2,16  August 6,20  10 June  For Time Tables, Eatos, Tickets apply  H, L. BROWN,  City Passenger Agon t  J. S. CARTER,  Ulst. Pass. Agl;.,  Nelson.  E. J. C'OYLK  A. G. P. A���  Vancouver,  fl  tmtmiaMMtmmmuig

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