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The Nelson Economist Aug 16, 1902

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 sssispMgg  ^'!,,a:*^iK&*-7*iVS^^  fl5S  - ���f.--iv^j-������jS_  3��  5-7>h7  aTC  lilti-  S;f;  '$,  A--X^  ^y  _��iftkl!s  11  ���W  /Mi  u  s.  *^"-&^^��sb^^  A;���*ii^^i-aaii_^;���>6l-ii^H  LSON. 8. C. SATURDAY. AUGUST7^^  V^\5:/'*^vi,:'-i'^,':6'"^"/j  /Ma^z^m^mMymmmxm&  mp���m<$yzxm��mrtmmmyms  ^ymmM:myWi&��^mAmmmi  '���ffi&m^^^WC^^itXWX.  ^^mm*wmmmmmm*&wSAW*  pa^ns.H70Bityin||;^omHp  ,va*  a0.oOj,  'pn^^7��|pi:n|f;  It  "����,  J^ife^io  Mail and  express ^order^^li^Siil'pr^mp'  attention. 7077;:.07077777077..777 7':7rk  HO'''  I awt'/aa yyyi/A-M  ���' X'rl  ?  ~���������" :--���r:~^^  ���A   -  �� ��Sg��S w^T SPECIAL ATTENTION to our line of 7C 8c  ings.    ROOM ^U%&^D^lnM'^^i;h��l�� and Color-  paaw  a  i  in  j  / *  0 Q  1   ^sSSK^sCft  L@lulIL@0  -"Tlrt'r"  iK' ,l( .:  WARD AND GlAKGft STOATS,  NELSON  If '  I    U \i t4l    ,  A..,A. i.   .    i.  ���   1 .��' It        ||l      'm ,|       . Il J I* M I -   f, I      ft,     ��� 1       K W        . .        ' \l   li ��� 'ii' -,, V"       -     ,      I I,    , ,i ���.    ''  ,���,- -, ,.. W,      O ., V      I ,. .       ,,��� ,        ,���,4 ... .        j .,-,,.,. ., ���, ,      ,        h-.OH, (|fr.     ,r     .,W       , r,H .   O" V. .. HO. '    >!'... , "...        ',....'..       .1 . I.. '' I I I ' , 't'l 'I 'I ' ' , I l Ir' 't       ',1        ��� '  (13  ,  f                "'  ��  1  '���  1  t,uU  Vd>  '  i            ,  I'          '      1  *  m^   * 'vj-i'nil    t^t ^  1  u  ' ,   'i   H{ ^^.V^-^M-^-, ..���_��� ,.   _����  ���)A,���m,tlrtlV.  |--r,T'vi    ,,^^,TF;^-^^t"'-'-��~1^^^H-^^"-"^f-a"a-^'BCr-ft"J  ***"***J6"*VU.Ir*^^  ��^sfe���  s^i^WHWavaaiwir^^ ,o  -^ ���j.  2  THE NELSON ECONOM.ST  Special flotations for  Cs3f?sp�� nnd ftflincs  Special Values in  Canned Goods and Butter  H  is  m  m  Large Stock of Assorted  Groceries JUwa^@ on Hand  Orders  romptly  BREAD, PASTRY, CANDIES ALWAYS ON HAND  WEDDING CAKES MADE TO ORDER.  iosepmne Sf ree  $6.75 PER TON,  DELIVERED  All orders must be accompanied toy cash and should be forwarded  either personally or by mail to the office of  . P. Ti ERi E��, GENERAL AGEiT  KnoMMMMmi  �� �� ^  Q  ;]VIoiitrea-l,. Canada  J   b  Q  ,|ifV  c  e^twttt y��   .UKAlU"  ��-u,H.>W  ester  9  elson  Hair,  Nail, Tooth,   Bath  Infant, Etc*  9  Also a full line of Sponges and Bath Gloves at  (Uq K  ttwl  111  n  \&y  r  38&  i^>  Boots and Shoes made to order. Invisible Patching  a Specialty. Only Union Men Employed. My stock  of fine ready-made work lowest priced in the city.  J. A.. DAVIDSON,  MERCHANT TAILOR.  Desires to inform the Public that he has opened up  a Merchant Tailoring Establishment, upstairs in the  'Wallace-Miller Block. During his visit in the East  he ordered a beautiful selected stock of goods which  will be made up by First Class "Workmen. Your  patronage will be appreciated, and your wants attended to with the greatest care.  r��  ��K  1       P*  One seven-roomed house and  one three-room house  for rent.  lEELHi  IL��  ERAL i  Three  dwelling houses for sale on easy terms.  One  Lot on    Stanley   street,   opposite Royal r^fTfr   r\ r\n TV] A f<5>(1 f?  Hotel for sale at a bargain. tS>\L\L  ^UMW/Piv2)l!*^.  1    M   <-"    H|r>  ,i     'IP, "It  J.       *  <,r.  ,.",r " '  w  i* H - *W*l*��^rM!a ��**.����  '**tf!$m^H[MW^*)��^^ *** "NWrt*!1 WjW^S ^w**^**^**^*!*^^!}**^**^*^ ^^.����*��U*W.' f f ft  i  ' Vi       i, i  'A-y<i  'y ,'i  ,,, 'i'  .1   ,> <f  ����'���'�� ������ ��� *  I     * "  |i -jf     I    fl    k %. L.  Uf  "-C5-  .irfVPT-rLtfcT     ,^-k_  t J*j.*-eS��^ ^     cy*  'S\ ^r.-.  CJ.4Sw-^tnB��� S��ioi���  SHI  *-. "-2  ' ".* ?  _������ T3f��  ;��i3_i_  ^���i ia r^^g  r   m     ��       *  f  w      l^.4M  -  4.1-i  VOL. VI  THE  NELSON  ECONOMIST   ���   ISSUED  HVERY SATURDAY.    Subsciuption :   $20o  TO   ANNUM ;   IP PAID m   ADVANCE> $  Correspondence of general interest  *TO^UttY SOLICITED. ONLY ARTICI.ES  OF MERIT Witt BE ADVERTISED IN THESE  COtUMNS, AND THE INTERESTS OF READERS  Witt   BE    CAREFUttY    GUARDED   AGAINST  IRRESPONSIBtE   PERSONS  AND   WORTHtESS  ARTICLES.  !  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  QANADIANS who have followed the delib-  ^    erauons of the  Colonial   Ministers   in  ofl��nE���n SaVe read the comment9 "������o��  �� eat  SS * ��� neW'8paper,) have ^Perienced a  great  disappointment.    Whatever  our  coin  Z ��no o ' T? ,LaUrier'8  P0,Uic^ -P-  favoral "^  *" he  *��uld   ���*��� a  favorable impression  generally  upon   other,  uoOZT ag��' Sfr ��britia  Tupper��   ^o "  not much   g,ven to  idle compliment*,   con-  ���V. tad's departure for the Diamond Jubilee  -yingthat Canada could not  have  a   more' ,  graceful representative. j  The    praise,   undoubtedly   8jncere    then  sounds .ronical now.   Sir Wilfrids manner ia'  cho en" to  8raCefUl   aDd   hiS  1"��-��. ^1  i6nn   l��. ex^es��-��0'hing.    Guarded   and  on-commutal are the only words to describe  he   contributions to  the conference  of     he  e   ed   his      POn8'bi,ity  ��f   0ffico   h��*   "n-  His associates  from   Australia  and South  Africa wished to discuss tariff., and  Sir VVil  ion lttrht U t0�� !arge *-^- *�� W  oir v\,lfnd gravely  stated   his opinion   tha,  Except that he continues to be a BraC��f.,i  representative, it  is   rather   d.fficult   t���  1  : mt: hfvrb*en ��n�� �����-" -,:l ^r;  -:bo7oourt:ov-!::nce ihan -"�� ��-  Wnln6^ ^ ex��,ltt,lttti���� of this ?    Has Sir  thinks ��, l> . ��t��ie8maii8hip which   he  o   "    a     an6;"0'"1 l"e "'P of the 8t^e������en  frid'�� i,H.     lhou��h0 c,in   ��t be that Sir Wil-  ��eate his brain ? diplomacy   per-  In 1885 Sir Wilfri;)  ..,...,  v,uud  was outspoken  on the  ' IlnceThe0' the ha,f-bfeeds   ��^"^^  debate on w^hT/   f & BUlgle SUbJeCt ��f  committal   Trf . f* been ��ther than "��n-  thlt��� Imid defi   T ^^ he "Sed t0 sa^ tfei��g��  at seemed definite about free trade and "tft  last vestige of protection ���" but nf 1 t  was only pleasantry. Tfaeex^n T that  Politics exp,ain ^Ltl^lT^Zl T\  'ssues.    But the colonial  convince   L  are his aims and purposes ? y'  Well, we  can't   have every thing  in   t.h5a  world.    Let us rejoice that WA S  Jl **i<tCr we nave a uraoof.,i  representative     nni.,   ^^ , a graceful  onhe"        abnt eb:^ - of the _talwatt,.  He h^one we j !or S���"W l8 n<>t etern^  *fa -ward, others  ^ tl,-^'he  ^ h^  Sir Oliver andIf I,      t  WanmSi  step  down,  place. l6ta huDg��^man take your  In all Canadian  hhtor^  tu*��~  u  yet been so brutally fr^an ^owaT oftf  I0'1. 8y8t6m-    So Jon�� �� this cldeo   pab%  morals prevails in   Canada   ^ P       ��  estly complain of our Dubll>. " T h��Di  Probably only a faUhfuf ^.. ^  constituents. renection  of  the,r  representaHve.    Onlv  a���il Z gn,Ce,uI  kindness, let Canada'send   a 'iT' "J^1  Wilfrid next ,_���..    - ��^   "^ Wlth ��->  Peace ����� was a little tryingon th J *"*  ��f  k**o a~ *-lJl*��g on tne  nerves ��n^  8tirrine"eal��yw^ V    '    . lhe   8a"ery-  rnng   galaxy of free nat ons ") must h��L  |  seemed startlingly original   to ,hi     k    ,u  of England. !��,Dal   'o the schoolboys  j      A hkcbkt Eastern  Canadian   disnat^h   ���  |  nouncing some Cabinet changi c^X        ?"  !  statement   that  Sir   Oliver   M   COntJain"   the  ! second term as Lieutenant r ^^ E  I ho. but the p^q:;z^zz*<?t;  after thirty-eight successive years in Iffl     u  ! ought to be satisfied. * ��ffice he  It is impossible for thereto  know who  is  he author of the dispatch,  but   none of the  j. is substantially c;:rte%^aSr  u an important and responsible  position   for  which his age was unsuited and the pubHc in  terest  required   his   retiremen.   it J:  quite intelligible.     B,t the pj 11 n 7^  tei,ant.Qovernor is one that requires onlv a  >ty for the performance of its do   I"   and   h  come to be regarded as a ^ZZ    Ifi  ettsl"o|er tbeMtUrraoil of P-,y strife.    8   fi6d  fa.r Oliver Mowat's long teniJre of office in  On ano has been the boast of   Dominion  Lib  erals ; his name coupled with tha 7 W��  ��- heralded b^ the Globe in   1896 as a S��S  o. u^lViT^-^jn ?^^ ��ot  oo unfair to the majority there and that  ��x��n  erally the triumph of Quebec would nol JZn  woe to Ontario.    Without inquiring ,!t alE  oi even to Ontario, certainly if any man , '  Canada has deserved well of the Li/oral" 1  H is Sir Oliver Mowat. P     y  Then why must he retire ?  Simply   because  office  means  salary and  many others are anxious to  serve their cou"^  try for that consideration.    The vision of   1  Cot. Prior cannot now very well   nJ����a ���  nor.no, of the conditions of S"��Z| in S   ���*"  ���erior.    It has bo^h   �� ���,ning m tae in-  Minis.ers th��t �� ^mmon excuse with  r-i���m- ���       ��� ��� b ^Pect to the aBritish  Culumoia mining iudustrv     Th��    -4^   "7��.  Rossland, included amoS Wh!L       -e- &f'  eral r��,r,�� ��mongst whom   were sev-  oniinT!r^agere�� en<����ained Ite^toi^:  of Alines at a barquet, last Saturday eveniW  and enlightened bim as to therealmlniS^  ation, and that in language not .��� g:81tU'  derstood     Th��     .       g age not to  be misun-  oerMood.    The mine managers  exnlain^  .''���  the Minister of Mines  the dialbSfi     \  ivKw.k'*u    ���    t u'oaoiIitie8   under  which the industry was carried on in  BhS  Columbia,   and   as    ,hese    men    are    ar7  -e'y    engaged    in   mining    it       '    to    h  Plumed   they know what they  are taJkin!  ���boat    The information obui'id^,k"g.-  other source is scarcely entitled   to ITecond  ti:weighed against the ^  industry.   Some of the newspapers mav tak��  exception to the views expressed! by the mi���:  managers, but the mine manager il runi 1"  -business to make it pay while"the neZanet  man cannot Possibly  know  anything E  m.ne management.    Strange as ii��.>��S  there are newspaper men whe cann^tLake a*  newspaper pay, but who wiU stS p^d  they know all   about running  aiS  ^^^^:^^^^  matmn from the mining men, and letthe news-  paper men devote their attention exoluSV  to the great work of filling long.feh ���elr  Somk of the interior papers are printing n,V  w^hi^,arran^e��^ ^e Colonel hae  are Lf! ,      ^^ ��r wbethw ">e papers  2 Z^r il' ��iWU" adverti8'��e rates, Tt  we nonld kindly suggest the early purchase  of a new supply 0f 011 ta     ti,��     ��� . puronafle  rTullv I 1"a \?We Uka T'��V ��>an  thl  leally handsome Minister of Minea.  11 \ ��� -J iv., ^  It,  1.7  llr.<��.11|(^��l  Mi  t'J  I  lot  r  mi .,--w..l.M^��a,^.,.5Ur..  ��� ��" ���*a��',^-t* ������"'  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  'A*  f. 'X.  f  T PRESUME men who  have  been   actively  envaged   in    newspaper    and     magazine  work for years, who commenced work at   the  lowest position in   the  editorial   department,  and worked themselves up step by step, gaining knowledge with experience, and   thus acquiring a comprehensive grasp of ail the practical details  of the   profession,   will   have to  step out and make way for the graduates from  the    colleges  of journalism  which   are   now  springing   up   in  the   United  States.    Those  young men claim to have " mastered V in two  years of study more than the   actual   workers  have absorbed in twenty years of hard   labor.  The revolution in newspaper work   that   must  inevitably   ensue   from   this   innovation   in  colleagiate training will hot be noticeable for  a year or two, and it may   take  the  people a  quarter of a century or so to get  a faint idea  of its meaning,  but  it must  occur,   because  good sound sense and experience cmnnot hope  to hold its own in the face of the  instruction  furnished by professors, who  don't  know   the  difference  between   an   imposing   stone   and  lower case pica, and   who, if put to  the   test,  'couldn't tell which of two odors came from the  ink keg or the glue factory.   After the success  of   ready-made journalists   has been demonstrated, it is possible the colleges   will   devote  their attention to the manufacture   of  statesmen, and after awhile  there   wiil   be   secondhand  establishments dealing  in   ready-made  professional and businet.s  men   of   all   kinds,  and the "hand-me-downs "   will  become  the  recognized article of commerce.    It is  not my  intention to belittle acquired knowledge, or to  underestimate the value of a collegiate   institution.    I unequivocally   maintain  that   any  thorough,   school   training   is   of inestimable  value when placed to the proper use, but it is  ridiculous   and puerile   to   assert   that   it   is  strictly   essential.    The  fact   that  there, are  thousands of failures of thore who   have   had  every advantage in the way of  education can  in   no   wise   be  construed   as   an   argument  a* "  against the acquiring of knowledge through  textbooks and teachers. It is impossible to  make a silk purse out of a sow's ear, and human ingenuity has never yet discovered a way  of making education take the place of brains.  That there are many men of unquestioned  ability who have utterly failed, after a thorough educational preparation for the duties of  life, only adds additional force to the truth  that upon man himself, and not upon that  which is pounded into his head, depends his  success or failure. Unfortunately, there are  those���and they are by no mean* few in number���who labi>r under the impression that  their college course has fought the battle of  life for*them, and that after receiving their  diploma they have only to decide upon the  many 'advantageous and   profitable   positions  seeking them.    There are those who could not  succeed under any circumstances, and an education only   brings   out   more   clearly   their  weakness of character and paucity of  brains.  School and college work,   no  matter  of  what  character, can only be as   the arming  of the  soldier for the   battle.    The medical   student  must acquire a certain am ��unt'of   knowledge  before he can intelligently  practice   medicine,  but the highest education  is  to   be   obtained  only-in his actual practice.    Tlie law student  studies law to enable him to learn more valuable   knowledge   from   its   practice.     In    the  great volume in  which are recorded   the failures of men are found the names of   tbe thou-  sands who expected to jump from the institution of learning into   success.    In  the   record  of successes, to compensate for these   failures,  are found  the thousands  of names   of   those  who carved success out of a solid rock of obstacles and  discouragements,   and   who   were  forced to appreciate their acquired   knowledge  because it was acquired under  circumstances  that not only intensified its value, but   which  taxed their energies instead of   their ti nances.  There are people in this   world   who   never  miss an opportunity of expressing an opinion.  They are to   be found   in   every  community,  and are particularly .well represented :  There are things in this world that  we don't understand,  The two-per ceut tax which is paid on demand,  But nothing can ever their silence command  For their bound to express an opinion.  There are questions in polities, science and law,  Knotty porblems in finance., in commerce and war,  But there's never a one that can   silence them, for  They're bound to express an opinion.  There are family secrets, half-bared to the light,  Mysterious rumors and hints in the night,  But no  matter the source of their, mischievous  flight,  They're bound to express an opinion.  'Tis-only important this knowledge to glean  That the skeleton prances abaft of the screen,  For no matter how dimly its shadow is seen,  They're bound to express an opinion.  There are things that look queer to our half-seeing  eyes;  Our ears are beladen with one-sided cries,  But regardless how little they know or Hurmi.se,  They're bound to express an opinion.  But ill winds and good ones Incessantly blow,  And reports, good and bad, from their mutterlngs  grow,  But in npite of how much or how little they know,  They're bound to express an opinion.  Some Grit journals that opposed the building of the Canadian Pacific railway a quarter  of a century ago are now getting to work to  fight thascheme for a fast Atlantic service by  slandering the Canadian route, inventing obstacles in the shape of fogs and icebergs, and  unpatriotioally booming the New York route.  To the Ottawa Citizen it seems that the best  answer to that sort of talk is that if the present 14 and Ht-knot boats travel the rout'*  regularly and safely in from 7.J to 9 days, according to their speed, steamers with  a   speed  of 32 knots will traverse the same route in  proportionately faster time. Both classes of  ships have to take the same precautions under  the same conditions. As a matter of fact most  of the delays from fog and ice result from slow  vessels trying to make faster trips by taking  the short cut through the Straits of Belie Isle.  From the manner in which some Canadian  newspapers are discussing the question of a  fast line they appear to be under the impression that it is only on the Canadian "lane "  that ocean liners encounter fog.  C. " =  It appears that the place allotted to Premier Dunsmuir at the Coronation ceremony was  in the choir.    It was evidently suspected that  as he was not able to make a speech he might  oblige with a musical selection.  A poem written in honor of the Coronation  written by D. R.Yocng reached London too  late to be read at the services in Westminster  Abbev.  Even as it was the Coronation may be said  to have been a gratifying success, but the  mind reels when it tries to grasp the great  spectacular possibilities of this national event  under the direction of such a master of ceremonies as W. A. Jowett.  John    Elliot    registered  at the Canadian  offices in London on August 5.  The Citizen's baud, which is being organized  will soon be in a position to begin practice.  Already instruments have been ordered, and  should be here in a week or so. Theseinatru-  ments are the best that can be purchased, and  the young men who:are interesting themselves  in this matter promise a band that will be  second to none in British Columbia.  The story of how Jimmie McPhee went out  bear-hunting and only bagged a porcupine is  a narrative of adventure such as rarely occura  outside of a novel.     It appears   that Jimmie  had been suspecting Mr. Bruin of undue familiarity   with   his  stock   of  jams, jellies, etc.,  and started   in to carve the nig fellow.    First  he tried the gun, but that wouldn't   work,so  he reached for his old reliable tomahawk. By  this time Mr. Bruin had   depleted the  larder  of his host, and taken his leave.    After hunting around   for the bear, and it is suspected  wiehing  to goodness he  wouldn't  find  him,  Jimmie took a slash at a porcupine with fatal  results.     Sometime,   when    Jimmie   is cool  enough to relate all the circumstances exactly  as   they  transpired, I   am  going  to get up a  chapter on this hair-raising episode.  Of the many mining camps in Britieh Columbia, Camp Armstrong is rarely mentioned.  Armstrong, in the Okanagan country, is usually looked upon as a purely agricultural  centre, and it is not generally known that  there is a promising mining camp within seven  ' �� ' "*���>,.  w*k.�� .f. ..d-A.*,^    ,",i��,W��.^1rkh, k  Mill,' �����' ���   1      k      | r ,   . (Jj, ,     .,,     "j,  *    ft  l|'k>  ��i,<  I k" 11 I'     , IU  WrWMwmnuvttwnMMHiM,  ���    I- H     - !       )f. fl        ,  ,il(>lk ,,     W    *^'*����'M>������^?fW''��^*f����i��WW^  , kiiaaktffT ii. r >    ~- HSUj-.^     ^^^,**~���  -J=     ~ II-       -~  AL?  - *rj ��*.�����������(��� nrnc t  ,   ^fa^��a-ijw MMmMHiitigt^  i#iWat~-^*-'j^*~S  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  Si-  "V *  "91    **  __&  ���)���'���"��  miles of the town. There are in camp Armstrong however several claims showing very  good values, and on some of which development has been done to a considerable extent.  The Silver Queen shows values of $100 per ton,  of which $20 is gold. It is a contact deposit  of quartz carrying galena iron. Two miles  north of the Silver Queen is the Mystery  carrying values of $26. The porphyry here is  impregnated with galena and iron. East of  the Mystery are the Gold Mountain and Woodland Bell claims, that carry assay values of  $29 in gold and silver with some gray copper.  Adjoining the Mystery are three claims���the  Prince of Wales, the Black Prince and the  Maid of Erin. These claims, of whose ore I  have seen some fine specimens, give assay  values of from $30 to $100 in gold and silver.  On them there are several tunnels and cross*  cuts on the ledge. A ledge of molybdenite of  great promise was found in the vicinity a short  time ago.  Sir Wilfrid Laurier has gone to Jersey in  company with Sir Gilbert Parker. The Canadian Premier will visit Paris about the 20th.  Sir William Mulock is now in Paris.  The legal vacation began August 1.  The last issue of the B. C Mining Record  contains a lengthy article on **Th��*  Concentration of Ores means of Oil,"  written by Mr. H. E. T. Haultain.  This is a subject that is cornea mi ding  w despread attention in mining circles and  Mr. Haultain deals with the whole matter in  a way that will not only interest mining men,  but as well those who live in a mining district.  The new process will revolutionise mining, or  as Mr. Haultain puts it: "A substantial increase in tho prices of copper, lead and silver  is very doubtful, hut the ail process give*  healthy promise of giving a greater net commercial value to our ores than any probable  increase in the prices of metals."  A c r reap on dent wants to know "what are  the duties and powers of the Prime Minister of  England and how he is chosen V The executive government of Great Britain is vested  nominally in the crown, but is practically in a  committee of ministers called the cabinet.  The cabinet depends upon the party having  a majority in the house of commons. When  a new parliament is elected, the sovereign  summons the leader of the party having a  majority in the house and this leader becomes  chief of the ministry or prime minister. It is  at his recommendation that his colleagues are  chosen. The chief dispenses, with scaicely an  exception, tbe patronage of the crown, and is  in effect the president of Great Britain. When  any measure proposed by the government is  defeated in th�� house, the cabinet resigns,  parliament dissolves, an election takes place,  and the chief of the successful is summoned  by the King to  form a  new  cabinet.     r.;  prime minister or the cabinet originates such  measures as the party desires to have carried  out. ���  This has been a bad year for bush fires.  From every part of British Columbia comes  news of serious damage by the fires. The dry  weather during the past few weeks, coupled  with the carelessness of people in starting  camp fires, is mainly responsible for most of  the damage that has been done. Along the  railroad lines there has been a vast amount of  damage, and in many instances these fires  are said to have been caused by travellers  throwing lighted cigar stubs out of the car win-  dows. The only fa:al accident so far reported  is the death of James Connacher, &n engineer  on the line between Roe��berry and Nakusp.  Connacher was well known along the main  line of the C. P.-R., and was a brother-in-law  of William McNab of Nelson.  W. A. Galliher, M._ P., made a trip  through the Boundary country this week in  company with several Liberal AL P.'s from  the east.  In Manitoba and the Northwest Territories  they are advertising for 20,000 hands to harvest the great wheat crop oi this year.  Quite a number of papers are publishing a  department known as * Editor's Easy Chair."  Tnis gives a false notion of newspaper work.  There is not an editor in the Kootenay who  can boast of the luxury of an easy chair.  Good hardwood bottom chairs are good enough  for Thk Economist office.  The Coronation is over, but James Dunsmuir will return to Canada without hi�� much  coveted title.  Resolutions signed at the Colonial conference covered the subject of commercial relatione within the Empire, advocated the common adoption of the metric system/favored an  increase of colonial grants to the Imperial  navy and recommended that a conference be  held every four years.  The veteran comedian, Harry Lindley, will  play a short engagement in Nelson some time  next month.  It is wonderful to me the ingratitude of  some men. I heard an old stiff the other day  "cussing" His Honor Crease, who when he was  hungry had fed him, and when naked had  clothed him, and when thirsty had given him  ���no I must draw the line there. But His  Honor bears these men no malice, the worse  they are the more his loving kindness.    I have  4    ,"   -k     I  ���if  -' <��� i',l   o, . - " ���    '   o   '�� ^ i>(( ,,        ,   , ., it )',,*,('     ft!''  HflWWKiM*. WWW*"***,*****  M3tf4*mWi,"ik'i",��W.  known him myself keep a man six months who  had been out of work nearly all. his life. It  puts me in mind of a story I heard once. An  old vag complained he could never get justice at  a certain court, to which His Worship replied:  "Yes you are quite right, but you must blame  the law for that. It only gives you six months  but I assure you I would hang you with pleas^  ure if I could."  The Clara Mathes company will begin the  eason next Monday evening, when The Royal  Spy will be produced. This is a new piece to  Nelson theatre-goers, and is equal to any of  the plays produced by the Clara Mathes;company. In the reorganized company there are  several new people, including some who are  well-known .in the east. Th&rs. will also he a  number of new specialties. \ During the faolii  days Mr. Marsh has secured four or five new  plays which are highly spoken of foy the  eastern papers. These pieces are now in course  of rehearsal and will be produced early in %h��  season. :^       a:  <.  The hotels are crowded these days which  shows the tourist travel has at last set in. Perhaps it also proves that a new interest in  British Columbia mines is being awakened in  the outside world. As a matter of fact their��  have heen many sales of mining claim�� this  month, and if the outside world had any faith  in the Government of this Proving there is no  j - -. i o ,     .   , ', , ,i_ .   * ,-~i   ���     .  saying where it would end.     In any event it  is pleasing to note that there is every evidence  of a renewed interest in the Kootenay in every  part of the Dominion. No opportunity to keep:  up this interest should be overlooked.     The  tourist travel should be eace^fraged.    That is  one.thing the Governfilfyrit  with ail its genius  for blundering can^^lt^^ther ruin..  Hewitt Bostock, ex-M. P. for Yale-Cariboo,  is in Toronto on his way back from England.  Mr. Bostock was interviewed by a Toronto  newspaper ond expressed the opinion that  mining in British Columbia will outlive the  present depression. So satisfied is Mr. Bostock that the mineral resources of , this Pro-  ��� ���>    .���������*��������� . ��  vince are all right that he is prepared to back  up his belief by investing heavily in the  mines. .  It is reported in Victoria that tbe wreck of  the steamer Islander has been located at a  depth of 52 fathoms���a depth which will  make it difficult to bring the steamer or any*  thing on it from the bottom. A drag was  uesd to find the sunken vessel. The wreck  was lying in Stephen's passage, about a quar��  tor of a mile from where she foundered on that  ill-fated night���a year ago���after striking a  submerged iceburg. She had drifted down  towards the end of Douglas Island fmm 41a��  place where she wae lost.  l4'A  I,If, h      ,7,  IX,  4   "  * J  ll M"  y hi  i, j. i  Ji;  H ��    '.     it ��''>,,    ,���     \   A   u   . '     i' V ' '   "  At wmtxtt^mv ���ix&vm&s&i&'xi  ���^&Si^SfSiSp^j^ii^&aiSiasi^iSa^ii  j-J*  lU_J*7f,-r?-_ *jj  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ww   ^^  ,%% T HOPE as how you will excuse me, gents,'*  -*��� said the guide, as he proceeded to make  ah inventory of the supplies provided for the  hunting trip, " but I like to make sure that  everything's 0. K. Taint proper to take no  chances in these here matters, an'I 'specially  want&to know that the.liquor is all here. Y'  see, I knowed a man once who'd 'a' passed in  his checks good an' plenty if it hadn't been  fer a couple of bottles o' the old stuff."  "Snake bite"?5* asked one of the party.  The guide shook his head.     ���'Accident," he  i  "Accident!" exclaimed the other in surprise.  ���'Oh, I suppose the^whiskey-Wtecl as a stimulant and ke^^irBtfett^^ii^Mtil you could  get medical Mm^te:" * ��r:;.-;   .  "No-o, 'twan't just that," answered the  guide; "but the thing give us all a bad scare,  an' I ain't.ever took no chances of bein' without a few bottles since then."  "Tell us about it."  "Well," said the guide, as soon he had convinced himself that the whiskey was there, "it  was this here way : Me an' Bill, my partner,  has a big party out, an' one of the fellers is a  measly little fool of a chap with a 38 gun that  he is forever a shod?in' off*. Now, a 38 rifle  ain't tbe biggest thing in the way of shooting  iron there is in these parts, but it kin bore a  hole, an' plenty big enough to suit most folks.  An' this feller seems like he really wants to do  it, an' we has to talk to him frtquerit an' strong  about blazin' away1 prdmiskue-like. But it  don't do po good. He gets away every night  to blaze at anything he sees in the woods an'  one night he catchttT'Bill. =&  "Me" and Bill issittin' by:i*the camp fire  when the stunt comes off, an' we has two bottles in* front of us. That's the only thing  that saves Bill's life. If we'd forgot those bottles he'd been a goner^fejr -sure; he'd 'a'  tramped the golden starrs^thout haivn' time  to take his boots off, which would V been  powerful bad manners, ari' Bill's a stickler fer  doin' things right ah''proper/��� ^  is there, an' he's saved."��� i  "But how did they save him?" demanded  an impatient member of the party.  "Huh?"  "How did they eave him? You haven't  told us yet." ; ;  "Ob, fur surel" exclaimed the guide* apologetically. "Clean forgot to tell you how 'twas  done, didn't I? Y' see, it happens like this:  Me an' Bill is sittin' by the fire with the bottles in front of us. feelin' it's a shame to turn  in leavin' any to be" spilt by some careless  galoot, when a bullet from this here 38 comes  singing along an' hits Bill in the right breast,  going right through his body. Well, of course  it's dollars to dry twigs that he'll bleed  to death if that there wound ain't fixed up  mighty sudden. There ain't no time for fool-  in' when a bullet goes clean through a man,  an' that's where we was lucky in not forgettin'  ihe whisky."  I-  s  ff,  ,, ^        it  "But what good did it do you?" asked the  impatient one.  "Huh?"  "I say, what good did that do you?"  "Oh, what good did that do? Why, Bill  he's a man what ain't ever flabbergasted. He  knows what to do every time, he doe?, an'he  just reaches over fer the two corks an' he taken  one an* I takes the other, an' he plugs up the  hole in the front an' I plugs up the hole behind, an' there he is as good as ever."  The various members of the party looked  hard at the gaide, but he was solemn as an  owl.  "No, sir," he said : "it ain't safe to take  no chances, anJ if you'li excuse me, gents,  I'll jest say as how the supply is a little  short."   * -.;*:,. ���  . *4 Short !'?  they exclaimed.     "Why,  there  are eight bottles here."  " Fer sure,".replied tbe guide calmly, f * but  there's six in the party, an' Bill's accident  has taught me that 'taint safe to start 'thout  bavin' two plugs fer each man.'*  Due Process of Law.  A   newly elected  justice of    the   peace  in  Georgia, who has been used  to drawing deeds  and wills, was called upon to marry a couple.  He lost  no time in removing h\6 hat and remarked: -  "Hats off in the presence of the court."  All being uncovered, he said :  '. "Hold   up   your   right   hand.      You, John  Marvin, do solemnly swear that, to the best of  your   knowledge and    belief,   you   take   this  woman ter have an' ter  hold for yourself, yer  heirs, exekyerters, administrators, and assigns,  and for your benefit an* behoof forever?"  "I do," answered the groom.  "You, Alice Ewer, take this yer man for yer  husband, ter   have an' to hold forever, an' do  you further swear that you are lawfully seized  in fe<*  simple and are free  from   all   encumbrance, and   have good right   to sell, bargain,  jand-cdnvey-to the said guarantee yerself, yer  heirs, administrators, and assigns?"  "Ido," answered the bride, rather doubtfully.  /���Well, John, that'll be about a dollar'n9.  fifty cents.  j'.. "Are we married?" asked the bride.  j   "Yes, when the fee comes in."  After some fumbling it was produced and  handed to the court, who pocketed it and continued :  "Know all men by these presorts that I,  being in good health and sound deposing  mind, in consideration of a dollar'n' fifty cents  to me in hand paid, fhe receipt whereof is  hereby acknowledged, do and by these presentH  have declared you man and wife during good  behavior or until otherwise ordered hy the  court "  If you have not paid your subscription why  not pay it now ?  An Irishman whose face was so plain that  his friends used to tell him it was an offence  to the landscape, happened also to be as poor  as he was homely. * One day a neighbor met  him, and asked :" How' are you, Pat?"  "Mighty bad! Sure, 'tis shtarvation thatV  starin' me in the face." "Begorra," exclaimed  bis neighbor, sympathetically, "it can't be a  very pleasant eight for either of yes!"  Mark Twain says some years ago, when in  the South, he met an old colored man who  claimed to have known George Washington.  "I asked him," relates the humorist, "if he  was in the boat when General Washington  crossed the Delaware, and he instantly replied:  'Lor* mat��sa, I steered dat boat.' * Well,''said  I, *do you remember when George took the  hack at the cherry-tree?* He looked worried  for a minute, and then, with a beaming smile,  said : * Why, suah, ma<*sa, I dun drove dat  hack mahseif.'"  Once when Sir Charles Hotham, Governor  of Victoria, was out driving, his coachman  nearlv came into collision with a wood carter,  an Irishman, in a narrow lane outside Mel-  borne. The Irishman would not pull off the  middle of the road, as he had the heavier load  and, by the rough rule of such things, was  thus entitled to keep there. Tbe incensed  governor thereupon put his head out of the  carriage window and shouted : "Do you know  who 1 am, my man? I'm Sir Charles Hothain  the Governor of Victoria!" "Ye are, are ye?"  responded the other. "Well ye've got a  thunderin' foine billet, ould man, an1 I advise  ye to shtick to it!"  Il"    I     HI   llll        111! ' ' ___Mr_lH O  At the time of the King's recent operation  the nurse who had been present to assist left  the room on his recovering consciousness, |mt  not before the King had caught a sight of her  face. Directly after/he asked one of his physicians who she was, for he had seen her somewhere, and quite lately. The doctor admit*  ted that frhi* was so, for, but a short time  before, His Majesty had presented this same  nuree with a medal for her work in South  Africa. That gift has been rendered doubly  precious to its recipient, for the King asked for  the nuree, shook hands with her, saying at the  same time : "I have proved for myself how  well vou deserved that medal."  An omnibus full of Parisian students was  making its way along the Ruede Rivoli when  a priest in robes joined the party. The students hailed the newcomer with delight, and  begun at once to tell all the objectionable  stories they could recall. Tho priest spoke  not a word till he rone to get out. Then he  said, politely ; "Au revoir, messieurs." The  French "au revoir" means literally "till we  we wee each other again." One of theatodents  evidently had this in his mind when he replied.  "Urn," he said, "we dont want to meet you'  again, old dismal!" "But, au revoir,".repeated  the cure; "we are sure to meet again. I am  the chaplain of the Mazns prison."  ���" * W����  riqwifpp Wrf* .p*fH^Vt , kfl*Mfct,W,"��W^*^,3**^^  K A 4 t > ft V* 7C        . . a^^u, ��n.^^a^_ri  Jk  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  .*"Sft*'  flMMiWgiMgHfrgffi  sss  The revenue of Canada for July  amounted to $4,272,587.  Mrs.McCelland, of Hamilton, has  passed away at the age of 94.  The Yukon Territory ha* been  created an inland revenue division.  Rev. Chas Boyd has died at Ottawa, after a lingering illness.  The fee for hunting licences in  Quebec may be raised from $15 to  <p_&o_  The Canadian artillery will go  into camp at Deseronto on September 13.  The weather in Manitoba could  not be better^ from a farmer's point  of view. *  The U. S. battleship Indiana  engaged in the coronation celebration at Halifax last Saturday.  In   the last  seven mouths  ship-,  meuts of Canadian bacon to Britain  have increased ��201,000.  The N. Y. C. may buy up the  Folger boats, ana run a line from  Lewiston to Montreal   and Quebec.  "The people of Canada," saya  Hon. J. I. Tarte, "must hurry up  and keep abreast ot the times, or  close up shop."  The   Canadian    minister*  have  practically closed arrangements lor  a line of   steamships between   Can  ada and Soutn Africa.  Sir Thomas.Snaughnessy admits  that the C. P. R. tias lenUeieU ior  the last line and that tne tigures  published are about correct.  From Server to Hamilton A. McMillan and hiB wile are travelling  in a prairie schooner, lt has taken  three mouths to go 1,000 miles.  The Minister of Puolic Works,  altera trip round the great lakes,  has evolved some great plants fur  improving Canadian waterways.  An attempt is being made to  raise the spans of the Ottawa and  New York railway bridge which  fell into the St. Lawrence about two  years ago.  Anthony May, sentenced to five  years for assaulting a policeman,  walked out of Lindsay court,  knocked down two or three officers  of the law, and escaped.  Hon. Mr. Tarte talks enthusUs-  tically of his tour of the Great  lakes, and anticipates improvements which will enable Canada to  compete with Americans for the  lake trade.  4��S$|?^*fHfc^$��^  ODDS-AND'ENDS..  The public schools, reopen next  Monday and the high school one  week later.  Goff  Deal  er*ln Tea and Coffee  Wo arc offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas.  Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  pound ....$  40  Mo dim and Java Blend, 3 pounds 1 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds...  I 00  .Special Blend Coffee,�� pounds 1 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds   1 00!  Special Blend Ceylon iea, perpiund.    .so  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON .  EST MOT  Wholesale and Retail  Dealers in .   .  Camps supplied on shortest  uotice and lowest prices.  Mail orders receive careful  attention.  Nothing bnt fresh and  wholesome meats and supplies  kept in stock.  E.G.TRAVES; Manager  J \Jf   SB   it!   '      IWl  G  Ear Hi S     ^  tlu   1 Em-  Dominion and  p*FOVIflC!3l  Land Surveyor  Op. CustomsHouse, Nelson, BC.  WADDS BROS.  H0T0GRAPH ERS.  Vancouver and Nelson  * t  BAKER STREET, NELSON,  B. C  TUBER LICENCE.  Notice In hereby given that 80 days a Her  date we Intend 10 apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for a licence to  cut and carry away timber from the follow-  Ing described lands situated about three and  one-half miles up Look hurt Crook, on the  Kootenay Ulver :���HUirtliiK from a- post  marked "South-oast corner"; then 10 chains  south; then 1G0 chains west; then 40 chains  north; then 100 chains back to starting point.  Tine Nelson Saw and Planing Milks  Limitfo.  Nelson, B. C., June 10th, 1002.  Fred Irvine & Co. are -offering'  special bargains in men's fnrnish-  inge this   week. :y^f'  During the week ended last Friday the Granby smelter treated  5 754 tons of ore.  It is estimated that $7,000 worth  of clothing was destroyed by the  burning of the Chinese laundry.  Jacob Dover announces that his  line this fall is the largest an I  most extensive he has ever had the  pleasure of showing the public.  The by-law to confer certain  privileges on the Nelson'Tram way  company is'likely to meet with opposition fr����m many quarters. Just  now there is a demand for papers  containing the by-law which conferred the franchise on the company; '. V      -    '  James Connacher wa? hurried on  Thursday from the house of his  brother-in-law, W. J. McNab. Rev.  Dr. Wright held a short Service at  the house after which the Masons  took charge of the service, Mr. E  A. Crease presiding, ami Mr. VV. A.  Joft'ett acting as master of ceremonies.  World' Scenic Route.  DiRECTROUTE  EAST  Winnipeg  Toronto  Ottawa  Montreal  New York  WEST  Vancouver  Victoria  Seattle  Portland  Ban Francisco  LAKE ROUTE  From Fort William,  the   tavorlte summer  route fcrall eastern points.  Via Soo Lino  For St. Paul, Duluth, Sault Sto Marie, Chicago, etc. u  Tourist Sleeper Service  KAST���Leave Dunmore Junction dally for St.  Paul ; leaves Kootenay Landing Tuesday and Saturday for Toronto, Montreal, etc.  WEST���Leave Revelstoke XDally for Heatt to  and Vancouver.  Through bookings to Europe via all Atlan-  | tic linos.  Prepaid tickets at lowest rates Issued fiom  all European countries.  For rates and ftill particulars apply to local  agents, or  J. S. CARTEU, 13. J. COYLE,  Dlst.Pass. Agt,, A. G, P. A.  Neluon. Vancouver  Hot tee To DsHfsSrg&ient Co-Owner.  To John Norcross, or to any petsosi. or persons to whom he may have transferred his  interest in the "Caledonia" mineral claini,  situate on the Divide, between Bird and  Ophir creeks.and south ofthe Ophir mineral  claini, Kelson Mining Division of -Vest Kootenay : - .  You and each of you are hereby notified that  we have expended one hundred dollars in  labour and improvements upon the above  mentioned mineral claim in order to hold  said mineral claim under the provisions of  the Mineral Act, and if within 90 days from  the date of this notice, you fail or refuse to  contribute your proportion of such expenditure together with all costs of advertising,  your interest in snfd cla?m will become tie  property of the subscribers, under Section  4 of an Act entitled "An Act to amend the  Mineral Act, 1900/' '  c      John B Baxter,  Makgaret Kjcwitt.-*  Dated this 15th day of July, 1902.  Estate of Chas A. Biggs, Deceesed.  All persons having any claims or demands  against the estate of Chas. A. Biggs, late ot  Nelson, in the Province of British Columbia,  deceased, are required to file the same, dulj^  certified, with the undersigned on or before,  the loth day of August, J902.  Notice is hereby given that after the .said  date, the executor will proceed to distribute  the estate among the parties entitled thereto,  having regard only to the claims of which  he shall then have had notice.  Dated at Nelson, this loth day of July*  A.D.1902. -���  GA-LLrllfKH & WIIJ30N)  Solicitors for Rev. P. Wright,D. D.. Executor  of said Estate.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  "Aberdeen" Mineral Claim, situate in   the  Nelson Mining Division of West  Kootenay?  District.  Where located: On Porcupine.Creek.  Take notice that I, Archie Mainwariog-  Johnson, as agent for Chris. Creamer, Free  Miner's certificate No. B51097, impend-., sixty .  days from the d*te hereof, to apply;to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a: -Crown  grant ofthe ab��>ve claim.       .t ���> *  And further ta ke notice that action." under-'  section 37, must -be commenced before the.  issuance ot such certificate of improvements.  Dated thisoth day of July, 1902.  Archie Main waking-Johnson.' A  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  . Transvaal Mineral CIaim,���situatejn the .Nelson Mining Division of W6st Kootenay Dis-^  trict. :  Where located :   On Toad. Mountain, about  half a mile west af the Silver King Mine.    ,  Take notice   that  I.  John   McLatchie, of  the'City of Nelson, acting as agent for Perc��f  Chapman,    Free    Miners; Certificate     Xo.r  B 50,845, Du nca n Me Arthur, Free Miner's Cer*  tiftcate, No. B 50.412. Ignatius G. Nelson, Free.  Miner's Certificate No. B 50,964. and Colbourne,  D. Jarvis, Free Miner's Certificate No. B66,893;  intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to:  anplyto the Mining Recorder for a Certificate.',  of Improvements, for the purpose of obtain-;  ing a Crown Grant of the above claim. SJ  And further lake notice> that action, undefc;  section 37, must be commenced before thej;  issuance of such Certificate of Improvements!;,,  Dated this 17th day of May, A. D. 1902. j;  John Mclatchib. P. L. S. J  CERTIFICATE 0F IMPROVEMENTS.       $  Stemwinder Mineral Claim, situate in tiicf"  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay?-  District. .���*.*>  Where located: On Toad, Mountain, aboui^  half a mile west of the Silver King Mine. C\  * Take notice that I, John McLatchie, of t'u>  City of Nelson, actingas agent for A. MacdnnA*  aid, Free Miner's Certificate No. B. 50,843$  intend, sixty days from the date hereof,?1  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Cor*'1  tlflcate of Improvements, for the purpose o1P  obtaining a Crown Giant of the above,cjaim.<r-  And further take notice that action, under*"  section 37, must be commenced before the is^v  cmnhco of such Certl flea to of Improvements.  #"  Dated this 17th doy of May, A. D. 1902. *���  v  John McLatchie, P.L.S. 4>  4i>  Notice To Delinquent Co-Ownera  To L. F. Murray and Thomas Burns oJjjUo anya,  persons or persons to whom they majr have*,  transferred their interests in the " Bm-Chlefji �����  Mineral Claim situate about eloveiv|niles npT;;  East Sldeof Wild Horse Creek, and tlje.������FooWf  man" Mineral Claim situate about %-m\\eS,t  east of Wild Horse Creek and twelve miles;!  from Nelson and Fort Shepherd Railway*},  both in the Nelson Mining Division, District op,  West Kootenay. v Z  You  and each  of you are hereby  notifletC;  that I have expended two hundred dollarn.'liv^'  labour and  in  mentioned m  said mineral claims under the provisions  the mineral Act, and if within ninety days ol'  the date of this notice you fail or refuse to..  contribute your portion of such expenditure!';  together with all costs of advertising your in-,\  terest hi the said claims will become the pro-1",  portv of the subscriber under Section four of?,  an Act. entitled " An Act To Amend The,'  Mineral Act, 1900."  .'#  uprovements  upon the abovolj,  Ineral  claims In order to hoUC,,  ofV  wm  H. <  Dated this twellth aay of Apiil,  m&  w  htz?  \\  ^^s^**^***^^  *T^��OJl��Wt���|l*l  >   ��' (*' " I'l,    t   '  ll^ ' 11  1    1  ft,     ' .1!' I    ���,    \ !,'!���' I '     '   V I   "' (l    '    'Ai !>       .  If ��������< Vr^^jTv  fi��^^~J*4��*��&x^i^��*^~i --���-.,.s,����<��~  V!T^.(. ., " ^i''--^^*"''^'^  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  La  2KB-      u.  II  \\y4  SI  iSf  tfa,A  f?    ^  Ef  1  sm  ii-  We are offering special reductions in Men's White  and Colored Regatta Shirt Balbriggan Underwear,  Katuml Wool Sox, Shirts and Drawers, Ties, Scarfs,  CoHars and Cuffs.  roummer  ur viaent.S'-  Iiiiporters  ' &S��iMS&SSMtitfiBttk'  am  Only the Best Brands of Goods Kept in Stock.  tafe  4>  o  Connecting Stores :  Silverton, Three Forks, Alamo and Phoenix  <>0O<I>O^<r>d'O0 &G&&Q&4  ���\i;��rv  ���f...  ��-,1*J.fe.rth,���^*t*lHj^lB��-jtW    t^t  "���7f--"-i"*;v i  .x1"  <;'      ,   ������ ,,.,    '    ,..����.. ���!���        ���'  -o��.-'   '        ' , ,_ .;'   ,,���    ��� ,      ^,,,,1-h    ,       "io      >. > (o   <t   ��  , ,,   I *   ��� , k Hk       ,  ,     J      f  , r���     ' f?       '  kijaj a-jwyf   h*  f!l��l��(8WBW��WMS!M��w w "*"  pi I/*   '* WW ���*��*��� H"  (JLJU''*,,,'


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