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The Economist Oct 29, 1904

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 >       WM".  B. HEARST:  "I have seen the  most beautiful lakes in Italy and Switzerland, and all those lovely spots, but I have  never seen anything finer than the Kootenay Jake and the Arrow hikes. We had a  delightful time there. This was my first  trip through there.'*  VOLUME VIII.  Ap     -,       *  "���"*' - ��w*i|if ���$ ** i  rip ^^^Y*E��*2  NELSON. B. C, SATURDAY OCTOBER 29, 19C4.  .General Comment.  The changes of political allegiance  from support of the Laurier Government to active support of the Conservative Opposition by hitherto prominent Liberals are so numerous that they  amount to a snow slide. The following are only a few of those observed by  us in one morning's mail. We could  fill up the columns of The Economist  with similar notices. Quantum suf-  ficit:  Mr. John C. Mundell. the well  known manufacturer of Elora, in the  County of Wellington, Out., a life-long  Liberal worker, "is out working hard  for Mr. Kloepfer, Conservative candidate for South Wellington.  Mr. Edward Anderson, ex-reeve of  Springfield, County Selkirk, Manitoba,  is actively supporting Mr. W. Coleman, Conservative candidate for Selkirk. He has lived in Springfield for  27 years, and during the whole of that  time until now bas been an active and  consistent supporter of the Liberal  party, for which he has stumped the  county.  sole bppe for the country, and I consider it is the chief issue ofthe present  election.  "The electors ought to bo wiser than  to give the'Government credit for the  good times, over which they have had  no control.  "There ia only one real issue in this  campaign," continued Mr. Macdonald,  "and tbat is the transportation question. Canada has built and paid for  railways which have been handed over  to foreigners. The people of this country have had to pay double and treble  what those railways cost to construct.  ,Weare paying interest to-day at just  double the rate which we ought to be  paying. The development of the West  has been kept back by the system of  giving away our rights to others. The  G. T. P. contract is merely a proposal  to hand over to a. bunch of American  grafters millions of dollars from the  pockets of the people."  - Mr. John W. Smith, of Winona,  County Wentworth, Ont., a life-long  Liberal, is supporting Mr. E. D.  Smith, Conservative candidate in the  County of Wentworth. Among his  reasons for the change he gives the following :  Mr. Smith said he was going to vote  for the Conservative candidate, but he  wanted it understood that he was voting for the iuterests of J. W. Smith,  not E. D. Smith. .He was a fruit farmer, and believed that the tariff^was  good tor him. As it was it was also  good for the farmer. He referred to  the good work done by Mr..Smith in  Parliament, Wentworth being the only  county ih the Niagara Peninsula which  had been represented by a horticulturist and fruit grower. "I bave," he  concluded, "been a voter* for* forty  years, all the time a Reformer, and"  now I intend in ray own interests, to  vote, for - E. D. Smith," the Conservative candidate." f -     -    ''---:.-  - In Halifax, Dr. James Gordon Ben?  'Bett announced that he haddecided to  vote for Mr. Borden an'd Mr. O'Mul-  lin, the Conservative "candidate, -because of a visit ho had recently made  to Portland, and because "of a study of  the Government's transcontinental  railway scheme. He was convinced  from what he had seen in Portland  that Canada could "expect nothing  from the Grand Trunk, seeing that  that company had made investments  of $26,000/000 for terminals there. -He  added that he felt tbat if Canada is to  spend a great many millions of dollars  in building the transcontinental railway, the only way to secure its benefits  -for Canadian ports and-the-Canadian  people is for the country to own the  road, as Mr. Borden advocated. Dr.:  Bennett has written, lie said, to Sir J  Wilfrid Laurier, setting forth these  reasons for leaving > the - Liberal, party..  The sole-topic of conversation in  Napanee, the county town of. Lennox,  is the political conversion of Mr. Peter  Gould. Mr. Gould who is an old and'  esteemed resident of the; town, bas in  the past strongly.supportedthe Liberal  party. "His political faith was regarded  as unalterable. Mr. Gould attended a  meeting at "the Town Hall one night  week held on behalf of the candidature of Mr. Uriah Wilson, who has  represented Lennox in the Commons  for fourteen years. Mr. Gould sat in  the front row and announced his intention of supporting "Mr/Wilson, the  Conservative candidate. * Ho gave as  his reasons his disgust over the recent revelations of the election  courts, and as a protest, against the  Ross-Laurier. compact.. , Mr. Gould's  decision has caused a sensation iu  Napanee, and his example is expected  to be 'followed by many who have  hitherto been regarded ai staunch'Liberals.  In Winnipeg the papers are full of  letters.froni old-time Liberals, wlio re-  ���sent the mismanagement of the .country's affairs by the Laurier Government, and announce their intention of  supporting the policy of Mr. Borden.  The following is in part a typical protest against the G. T. P. deal by Thos.  D. Robinson, a prominent citizen of  Winnipeg, who has always been a  prominent Liberal: "Think of it, by  our votes we can inaugurate a system  that will do away with all crawling to  railway companies or begging for cars,  or hunting for them at terminals, and  we will have no more fighting against  unfair charges or mean pickings, but  will have to deal with a great transcontinental railway, owned aud operated by the people, and managed by  the biggest railway man in Canada,  with cars waiting for every man who  - wants one, aud with lots of engines at  all terminals, and with plenty pf well  paid and obliging men watching to  spot cars as tbey come in, and doing  our transportation for less than- half  _what it costs us now, as a Government  "road would do that has only operating  expenses, and the lowest rate of interest on its actual cost to pay."  But serious-in its influence on the  prospects of the GoAernment as are all  such defections, tbat which will-tell  most against it,.especially in the East,  is tlie resignation of-'Hon. A. G. Blair,  chairman ,of���ihe.Railway .Commission,  tfie Jhithertb"J recognized "railway- expert ofthe Government, which;.occurring at the time and under the circumstances it did, is a staggering blow to  the Government^and tbe publication  by him of the following despatch iii the  St. John Evening Times, restating, as  it'does, his previously expressed anathema against the Government's  Grand Trunk Pacific scheme. This,  we say, will tell very strongly against*  the Government, ai.d miut have been  intended by Mr. Blair to so influence  the election. The said despatch reads  as follows: ���  " I authorize the announcement that I have resigned ray  position as  Chairman of the  Railway Commission and have '  uoti.fied'tlieTPfemier-that, be-"  yond   re-affirming my strong  objection to the Grand Trunk  Pacific scheme, I" havo no pres-~  ent.intention  of   re-entering ,  public life.  ' '   Akdbkw G. Blair."  Regarding the question of better financial terms for British Columbia,  the Colonist of the 23rd instant contains an article, giving figures compiled  by Mr. R. E. Gosnell, who for years  occupied the position of statistical! of  the Provincial Government, stating  the contributions made by the Province to tho Dominion and tiie total  expenditures made by the Dominion  in British Columbia for the years 1900-1,  1901-2 and 1902-3, all of which have  been compiled from from official  bources and are therefore to be relied  upon.   They are as follows :���  Next Thursday, November 3, the electors through,  out the Dominion of Canada will, by tbeir votes/*  choose their rulers.for the next four years. -It would"  be idle to predict the result of the election, the element of uncertainty always enters largely into the result of a contest of this character, but there are a few  features ofthe present campaign that are at least entitled to more .than passing reference and investiga-  tion. In the first place it must be admitted-that every  contest since the Confederation of Canada has clearly  and uumistakeably demonstrated thefact that at heart  the majority of the peop'e of Canada are Conservatives. It is true, the> Conservative party has -gone  down to defeat three times, but on ��� each occasion,  there were reasons for,failure to" secure a majority of  votes. - What these reasons were it is not necessary  to state���they are known to all.. -      "     . ,  The ��� last  general" election .only established'ohe1.  thing,- and that was that the Conservatives were hopelessly divided,.and lacking the organization absolutely essential to secure success.     But in the present  contest, they aie thoroughly united, and that is much  more-than can be said^of the Liberal party.     "So engrossed are the latter with their own affairs, the mem-  bers of , Sir  Wilfrid Laurier's Cabinet cannot spare v  time to assist'their. leader ih .the" fight he is-making.  for his politicalaexistence,;-and".ther result-is, the Premier is left to* carry on  the war. alone and  unaided.  This must be regarded as a source of weakness, and  is bound to have its-effect when-the-time for counting  the ballots arrives "        ~       ,  serving of the severest condamnation. It is not  enough that industrious Canadians should be asked  to build the railway and then deliver it over to a  gang of adventurers, but the Government has gone  further, and decided that tbis railway shall be used  as a means of diverting the trade of the Dominion to  a foreign port. Not only are the people of Canada  to mortgage themselves to the doors of the poorhouse  to enrich this band of foreign ��� highway .robbers, but  - - . _-  tbey must contribute towards .the building up of a  country that has^never made an)*- pretense of disguising its hatred of our peopleand our laws and institutions. Witness the legislation that has been frequently .passed by the United States. Congress to  harass Canada and Canadians. . Will the people.bf  Canada by their ballots endorse what cannot be regarded as anything less-than a treasonable proposal?  Another feature to be,considered, is the main plank'  on which the  Liberals appeal-to the country for su#-  port:   ��� The , Free^Trade plank has  been abandoned;  * 1    .    ���-   - "     .o>;.   y -*������<*  <'":'., 'A.      ���;  and the Liberals, no longer-ashamed ofmasquerading^  inthe garments purloined from the Conservatives,  now ask the 'country to endorse the most iniquitous  proposal that was ever placed before a people living  under responsible government. In short, it is the  building of a railway by the Government and then  handing it oyer to a company. So monstrous is this  proposal, that the ablest" man in the Cabinet���Hon.Mr  Blair���was;forced to condemn it.in the most unmeasured terms. If Premier Laurier had possessed the  wisdom with which be'is credited by his followers,  he would have abindoned tbe scheme at that time.  But he preferred to scoff the advice ofsuch a man as  Mr. Blair, and and now offers it-tothe people. What  the people will do with it when it comes before them  remains to be seen, but if the condemnation it is meeting with in press and 011 tbe platform be accepted as  a sure medium.of guagiug public sentiment, Sir Wii-  frid Laurier aud his party will fall with it next Thursday.  The scheme  is without  consideration, and in more  merit  from  any  point of  than  one respect is  de-  Returning again to the signs of the times, it is  gratifying to note that the people of the Maritime  Provinces are seemingly alive to the peril of the situation. Everything ��� points to substantial gains in  Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and. New Brunswick. In.the last-named Province, "the resignation of  Mr*! Blair���first from the Government and then as  Chairman,of the Railway Commission���haa been a  bombshell in the camp of the enemy; and reports  from Nova Scotia are of the most encouraging character. Even in Quebec, .the mainstay of - Liberalism,  indications point-to material gains for the 'Conserva-  tives".A|But Ontario will tell-the tale/ The recent disclosures of the'iniquities of the Ross��Goyernmentihave  completely .discredited the Liberals in: that Province.*  So vile are. the- methods that have .been practised  'tbere-to"keep,Jin.:'p:ower.,j at-l corrupt '.Goverh"ment;'*'tbe;  Laurier Government has been afraid to openly accept  assistance from Mr. Ross or his colleagues., Qntario,  scourged as it has been by " practical politicians,"  should return'an overwhelming majority for the  Conservatives. Manitoba .and the Northwest Territories will return, very-, few Liberal supporters.  The Laurier Government has shown no consideration for the wants of the West, and the  West will accentuate its resentment at the polls. In  British Columbia the Laurier Government has no  reason to expect any support or sympathy. It has  studiously ignored the demand for better terms and  in the great railway scheir.e it has unfolded, does not  "even"bind~itselfto "^ny-dsfintfe~time71ess~thaiT eighteen"  years, to begin operations in this Province. British  Columbia, with perhaps one exception, will return a  solid deputation to support Mr. Borden. The  resentment of the people and the able services of Premier McBride and his Ministers and Sir Hibbert Tupper ensure this result. The seutiment of the people  is that Liberalism is dead, and preparations tor the  obsequies will begin early next Thursday morning,  without "sound of mourning, or lamentation.".  Expenditure by  Bom. in B. <J.  1900-1  fl,811,394  1901-2  2,281.774  190-W! 1,982.883  Contributions by  Prov. to Dom.  83,85S,GC7  8,4O6,S0S  3,851,889  Alexander Macdonald, of Winnipeg,  is another prominent Liberal who has  been conyerted to Conservatism, and  he gives his reasons, plainly : "I regret to say, as a Liberal, tbat our party  has broken every pledge and every  promise it made before it accepted office. Politics iu Canada have degenerated lower than in .the United  States.   Government ownership is the  Tbe excess of the contributions of  British Columbia to the Dominion over  the receipts from, and expenditures of,  the Dominion from 1896 to 1903 inclusive are therein stated as over the large  sum of fourteen millions of dollars.  In reference to this, JVIr. Gosnell  writes in an open letter to Senator  Templeman, the representative from  British Columbia in the Dominion  Government as follows :���  "I have all tbe details, under every head of expenditure  and receipts, which I should be  pleased  to publish for the in- ,  formation of Doubting Thomases and   refer   them   to  the   ,  pages of tlie Auditor-General's  report,   where   they   may   be  :  found.      By fur the most important aspect of the case for  Better Terms is the physical  conditions   of    tbe   Province,  which make the cost of administration in this Province many  times   greater,than  in  other  Provinces per head of the population.   The statements made  on this point contained in the  report of the first delegation to  Ottawa    iu   1903,   have   been  largely elaborated  since   tliat  time, and were published in a  series of six numbered articles  in the Colonist.   .These statements  may,   perhaps,   be. regarded   as   ���anonymous,' but  for their accuracy in every particular I am prepared to stand  as having been taken from the  public accounts of the various  Provinces, and vouched for by ���  Mr. Geo. Johnson,admittedly  tbe highest statistical authority  in Canada.    These statements  show, by the-most ��� elaborate  and complete comparisons pos- ���  sible,  that we are entitled to  $9.54 more per head of population to place us on a parity with  the other Provinces in respect  to the cost of administering our  internal nflai**s..   That has re-;  m&i'ned a perraaueut factor in.a  comparison    extending   over  thirty years. I am preoared to  submit the figures to the most  expert accountants of this city,  or the Province, for verification.  "If these statements, which  can no longer be referred to as  'anonymous,*; are correct, and  if the conclusions which were  drawn from them are legitimate  conclusions, then neither you  nor any living man can get  away from the duty thereby devolving on the Dominion Government, of which you are at  the present time a member.  You and your party in British  Columbia are carefully avoiding tbe issue and repudiating  it as such. In my humble  opibion, you are mistaking the  feeling of the people of British  Columbia and evading the responsibilities imposed on you  as their chief representative at  Ottawa."  The following inspiring call to the  Liberal-Conservative party has just  oeen issued by its leader, Mr. Borden.  It is worthy of close study by every  elector, andshould awaken enthusiasm  in every Liberal-Conservative:  Halifax, N. B., Oct. 24, 1904.  To ihe propte of Canada :���  Parliament is now dissolved and the  political parties must submit themselves, their actions and their policy to  the judgment of tbe people.  Since my election to the Leadership  of the Liberal-Conservative Party, it  has been my privilege to address audiences in every province and territory  of the Dominion, the Yukon excepted,  and with my colleagues to discuss in  Parliament many subjects affecting the  public weal. Our policy bas been clear,  defined and consistent, the same in  every quarter, alike to every class. The  records of Parliament show where we  stand on the public questions which  have been before tbe country since the  last elections. They cannot all be discussed in this message, but in regard  to some of tlie principal issues involved  in this rontest, I submit in a few  words the platform on which we appeal  to your judgment.  The subject of most immediate con-  ceru is transportation. Having regard  to tbe enormous obligation which  would be imposed upon tbe people by  the Government's rash transcontinental project; to the certainty that ita  adoption would shut out for a century  Government ownership  of   railways  and to the vital lffrpeg^ure bfjxaitTOl-  lingourown traffic and commerce, this  question is tbe most momentous and  far-reachiiig one that has ever*-been  submitted to the eloetorate of Canada.)  The immense territory and ever-increasing products of Canada demand  thc best and most economical transportation. We know that the people  are willing to provide generously whatever moneys may be necessary for the  development of the Dominion, and our  policy is to extend'and improve its  transportation facilities, by land and  by water. But we insist that what the  people pay for, the people should own  and control; that public moneys should  be used for Canada and for its people,  and not **to promote the trade and  wealth of foreign ports.  We fully realize the country's need  for increased facilities of transportation and that efficient service and reasonable rates mnst be assured. In  utilizing tbe public credit for these  purposes- we must thoroughly guard  against the diversion of our trade into  the hands of foreign competitors  The Government seeks, to impose  liabilities amounting to at least $150,-  000,000 for the construction of a transcontinental railway under, conditions  which absolutely fail to safeguard our  national interests. Tbe. important and  Immediately profitable Western Division "is to be owned, and the whole is to  be absolutely controlled, by a corporation interested in driving our trade  away from our ports. - We oppose to  this our declared policy of constructing  the new transcontinental railway as a  public work, to be owned and controlled  by the peoplej and to remain a national  highway, in the truest sense. I beg  you clearly to understand that it is still  open . to you to decide whether this  shall'be done. Do not be misled by  any assertions to the contrary. We  affirm tbat the management of the Intercolonial Railway and other railways  operated by the Government, should  be freed from partisan interference and  from party political "control. We'also  affirm - the necessity", of- - thoroughly  equipping our*,uational ports and of developing and extending our system of  ��uials and,' inland waterways. <J .The  .principles upoafw3^iL?(&r^3bbiiVA?'  Mdedotiald based" his fiscal ^policy-in  1878, guide us to-day. We maintain',  and* we will'develop that policy, for the  advancement of- the whole Dominion.  It is astable policy, ayowed,. open,  without reserve. It is a practical business policy, adjustable to the needs of  the time. Our aim is so to apply it for  the common good of the people, and  for the conservation of the Canadian  market for the Canadian producer, that  honest industry in every legitimate  calling may receive a just reward; thut  the toiler may enjoy his own; and full  employment under conditions which  insure a just wage; that capital may be  attracted to, and may be safely invested  in ourindustries; that articles and commodities * required for the use of our  "people may~be~pr6duced~lis~far as is  reasonably possible, in this country.  We believe that any other, markets by  means of reciprocal trade arrangements  should be sought among those countries  within thc empire who are our chief  customers, rather thun in foreign countries. A preference for our products  in British markets, would lead to an  immediate enormous development of  our resources. JSuch a preference tho  Conservative Party will endeavor to  obtain on favorable terms.  In making appointments to public  offices, we shall place personal character and capacity above considerations  of party service, and such additional  safeguards will be provided as may be  found necessary for the full protection  of the public treasury. More efficient  means will be devised to guard against  illegal practices at elections and fo  protect the electorate from fraudulent  devipes, by which the will of the people has been so often thwarted, and the  name of Canada degraded.  Inspired with an abiding faith in the  justice and wisdom of our policy, and  with an earnest confidence that it will  prevail, I now rubmit it to your consideration, believing that it merits and  that it will receive your approval  Hunter, of Silverton, Mr. McNeill,^of*^!  Rossland, ,Mr. Thompson; _of' Cnn-^"1"''  brook, and  Mr.  Jorand,  of .*SIocau,_  spoke. Their addresses were uniformly V.J  &Ml  awaken,A;en'thn8^"-_i'-iS^ I  who also'"' '  such as to, and did,  iasm.   Among local  men  spoke were Messrs.'W. A.* Macdonald,* i; yj.  R. W. Hannington and Dr. Bpse., iir.-fiA^-,  Mackintosh, the Liberal-ConMryatiye;,-||^:  candidate, who was not present wh'enA-vjS��  the  business  of the "meeting was en  tered upon, received, an enthusiastic', y- 4  reception upon his entering the prace A����~  where the meeting was* held, "md* on.- 7?V  his rising to address the audience and'.:"'" \  at its conclusion, and throughout bis..  /  address.   He presen ted clearly some of"-" \ -  the more important issues of'the aim- -, J"*  paign,  among  them  the   G.  T.  P.-'.V \  scheme and its disadvantages, to-Can-'- " >���  ada, the Opposition plan of construes-* -   -'  tion ofG thia transcontinental .'railway/��� A  the demand for better teuns made by *��� Ay  the Province, and its reception bythe-  Government   at   Ottawa,"'etc.,- ancl  showed hoV ' Mr.' Galliher uniformly A  voted with   those who turned down :  the claims of British "Columbia, and  with those who upheld the^G-'T. 1*./  agreement.-.He looked  forward, to a'  keen contest in this riding as * the re- 7  suit of the contest in  the East on the *  3rd November was likely  to be close."-  Mr.   Galliher, in consequence of hisj.  misrepresenting the nature''of' the, *  county for the purpose of*having the "  election here a by-election, expected fa-  walkover, but this he would .not have  iu any event, and especially,if the con-,���  test elsewhere would result.in neither >.  party having a large majority. Among   *  those present at the meeting last uight-  were several electors, who, on previous' '  occasions, were accustomed to be found'.,  among  the  Government 'supporters^ .  Mr. Mackintosh   left'for   Ymir  this.",  morning to spend the day' among the; ;  electors there. The meeting adjourned /  until   Monday   evening,', when , MrA  ���Mackintosh will againbepresent -  ���--.���sal  jr-ftf  '-A  Information has .been-received that  the Rocky Mountain DevelophjgCoin-" -  pauy, operating .oil wells' in .Alberta, *  clonse to the Provincial .boundary line, A  has at length.beeii successful SntflsbilnK 0  out the machinery .* lost'i-i'n'iita -m(��t  ^westerly welK~ The.weir Is'nd^Tdown?-  .1,025 feet andjias-a considerable flow  of oil.    The comJ_5iny'is building stor-:  age tanks for iis oil, and is preparing  to sink another well still further west.  ste?'  William' Hunter, of Silverton, formerly in business in Nelson,"was in  tbe city tbis week. Mr. Hunter has.  closed up his stores in the different-  towns in which he used to carry** on  business, with the exception :6f his"  place at Phoenix, and now devotes his  attention almostexclusively to mining.'  During the year he has been-sbipping  extensively from the Comstock.to the  Hall mines smelter, and reports a successful season's operation's. Considerable dry ore'bas also been shipped from  tfremi he"at" TJCree^ForttsT-" ^^^r^-~^  The committee appointed to look  into tbe cost of a site and building for  a new school iu Fairview has investigated the matter, and will report to a  meeti ng to be held on November 7.  The committee, after careful investigation, has arrived at tbe conclusion tbat  it would cost too much to move the  old building, and that when lt would  be moved it would be useless as a  school building. It was therefore considered better to put up a new building  in a convenient location. The site  chosen by the committee is one that  should recommend itself to those who  are interesting themselves in this matter.  ->-  (Signed)  Bobert L. Borden,*  A meeting of the Liberal-Conservatives of thr* ��'*v of Nelson was held  last evening io.- the purpose organizing  for and entering vigorously upon the  campaign as fur as this city and neighborhood are concerned. Although the  r.otlce of it was short, the meeting was  well attended, and the spirit displayed  was excellent. Mr. Blakemore was in  the chair. The visiting delegates to  the general committee for the riding  were present and delivered addresses  which, though brief, were most encouraging and full bf enthusiasm. Mr,  Hon. Charles Wilson and Oscar Bass,  of the attorney-general's department,  have loft for England in connection  with the appeals to be taken by the  Province before the Privy' Council.  They are traveling by the Great Northern and will stop at'St. Pant a few  days on the way.  A shingle roof is to take the place of  the canvass covering of the Exhibition  annex. Preparations for the curling  rink are also being made. The curling  and skating rink up the hill will be'  rim by William Richardson and Joseph  Thompson.  II bas been suggested tnat the Conservative and Liberal organizations  should secure the Opera House for next  Thursday evening and get the election  returns. . '  M&dame Myee (Mrs. William Davis)  last Thursday evening treated the citizens of Victoria to a "grand dramatic  production." /  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  THEHELSON ECONOMIST  published every Saturday afternoon at  Versos sthket. Nkt^son, B. O.  $1 Per Year Strictly in Advance  "Advertising rates made known on application.  All changes In adve.*tis<j./ients to insure  Insertion should reach this oflice not later  than Thursday, 12 o'clock.  When change of address Is required, It- is  desirable that both the old address anil the  new be irlvcn.  Ad.tre&s all communications. " Pultllslipr  of Tun Nelson hioo.vomsT. JSulson. B. (V  TO THE ELECTORATE.  The question of better terms for  the Province of British Columbia is  one which will play. anH. which  ought   to   play, a  very important  ., part in tbis election, as far at least  as the Pacific Province is concerned.  It is now upwards of thirty years  since this Province became part of  the Canadian Confederation There  are obvious reasons, which will be  apparent to every person who will  give any thought to ibe matter,  why British Columbia should be accorded better, more highly favoied,  terms than those which are given  to the other Provinces. It is of  great extent, is mountainous in its  physical  character, is sparsely set-  ��� tied, and is much more difficult aud  expensive to open up for settlement than a level country would  be.- Besides, this^ Province has  been.contributing to the revenues  of the Dominion much more largely  per head of its population than any  of the other Provinces. For these  and such like-reasons, all of which  have an intimate bearing upon the  matter, the demand by it for better  . terms from the Dominion Govern-  ment was certain to arise sooner or  later.  Nor was the presentation of a demand . tor better terras by  a  Prov  " ince a thing unheard of before this  "Province presented its claim. .Long  1 ago much better terms th-jn those  provided for by  the British North  ������, America Act, had been conceded to  -'the Provinces of Nova" Scotia Vaiid  New Brunswick. Then the Parliament of Canada in   1903 gave effect  ' to' an "arrangement, by which thc  Dominion paid to the Province of  Kova Scotia the sum of $671,956  for claims put forth by it in connection "with tbe construction ofthe  Kastern Extension Railway. And  an annual sum of $35,000 v. as on  the 1st July, 1901, added to tbe subsidy payable to lhe Province of  Prince Edward Island by the Dominion.  'The Province of, British Columbia had thus abundant precedents  _for_the__demand made on. its behalf  grievances of British Columbia, and j and just Government could well re-  ���������^���^^^������������^^������������^^������^������^���^���������^���^������������������i  concluded as follows : "I think  that we have about got to the end  of our tether in the exercise of patience. If this Government will do  justice to British Columbia in the  manner I have indicated, the Government will find that it will be ere-  atin'g in that Pacific Province a vast  market for the products of Eastern  Canada, ancl it will not have a more  loyal and hard-working population  in all Canada than it will have in  British Columbia." Four Government supporters from British Columbia sat silent when this appeal  for better term:; had been so presented by Col. Prior ; and Sir Wilfrid La-urier said in response to this  appeal : "The grievances referred  to are not so very serious after all.  Tlie main complaint which my honorable friend (Col. Prior) makes is  one that is very much to the credit  of bis own Province It is'stated  that the people "of British Columbia  contribute largely to the revenues  of this 'country.    That  we  are a'1 J and   that   what  fuse to  act upon a  request so eminently reasonable as this.  Yet this is precisely what the  Government at Ottawa did. It has  taken no action in this matter.  Thus far it has refused to entertain j ���  this reasonable request of this Province. Its course has been characterized by ioa tion, even in regard  to this most reasonable proposal.  It is true that the Premier of the  Province of New Brunswick, when  he was recently itit Vancouver, alleged that he had the authority of  Si. Wilfrid Laurier for stating lhat,  if he were sustained in power, he  would take the requisite steps with  a view to a " readjustment and that  the Provinces will be freely and  liberally dealt with by tlie Federal  Government." /This, in its terms,  refers to all the Provinces constituting the Canadian Confederation;  but the claim of this Province is  that it is entitled to special treatment from the Federal Government,  STYLES I  might  .. for better terms from the Daaainion.  Better terms had been granted to  these other Provinces, and that under circumstances which in e'ach  case seems to present a much less  strong claim than tbat which this  Province, could urge, and did urge,  for a reconsideration  of the finan-  vcial terms under which it was  brought into the Canadian Confederation.  ~The demand of "the Province now  covers three things:    1. A reconsideration of the financial terms between the Dominion and the Province.    2. * Protection  to  its lumber  and shingle   industry.    3. Protection to the lead industry.   We shall  consider the  first of these  in this  issue of The Economist, and take  tip the others in subsequent issues.  .On   the  7th    July,   1900,   Col.  Prior, M. P., called the attention of  Parliament   to    British    Columbia  grievances, and among other things  cited   by   him,  showed ��� the' large  revenues derived from  this  Province by the Dominion and the, com-  paratively small amount paid back  to it. -This seems to have been the  first occasion on which its claims to  better terms were presented to Parliament.    He quoted from the British Columbia  Board of Trade reports of March,  1900, to verify or  confirm his statements on that  occasion.    No attention   was,   however, paid to his appeal by the Government.  Again on April 30th, 1901, Col.  Prior,  M. P., went fully into the  aware of, and if there is one portion of our population which ought  to be proud of it more than any  other, it is the people of British  Columbia themselves."  This was a specimen of the answers which were returned to this  plea for better terms for the Province of British Columbia, which at  least borders on flip-.-ancy. An unsympathetic ear was that which the  Government turned towards the  member who presented these grievances, and no offer or attempt was  made to rectify them. The claims  'of this Province in this regard have  been ignored.  Then at least three deputations  v\ent from the "Government' of the*  Province of British Columbia to  Ottawa to present to the Federal  Government the claim'of this Prov  ince to better treatment financially  than that which it was receiving.  They went in the years 1901, 1902  and 1903. The replies received to  their representations were evasive  aridN ' non-committal. Surely the  Proyince was entitled to at least a  statement pointing out wherein its  claims to better terms financially  were invalid and its representations  inaccurative, if they were so regarded. Common courtesywould suggest  such' a course. Not" so, however,  were these representations treated  by the Government at Ottawa,  though they were presented fairly  and in a conciliatory spirit.  Then for the third time, in the  year 1903, a deputation from the  Local Government waited upon the  Government in Ottaawa - for the  purpose of urgitig  a settlement of  this question of better terms financially for this Province, and endeavoring to have the claim acceded  to. The Local . Government on  this occasion offered to submit this  question, as to whether the claims  and grievances set forth in their  memorandum were bona fide and  substantial, to a commission of  three eminent men���one of whom  would be appointed by the Province, one by the Dominion Government, and ;the remaining member of  the commission by the Colonial  Secretary.. What could be fairer,  more.reasonable than this proposal ?  Despairing of having the claim of  the Province considered otherwise  by the Government at Ottawa, tl.e  Local Goveonment made to the Dominion authorities this very reasonable offer.- By^'making this proposal, the Proyince undertook the  onus of proving to such a commission the justness of its claims to  better financial terms from the Dominion authorities. As -Premier  McBride pointed out to Sir Wilfrid  Laurier,   nothing    could    furnish  1 1  stronger proof of the confidence of  tbe Government of British Columbia  in the justice of its demand than the  acceptance by it of the grave" responsibility which tbis involved.  And in view' of the precedents  which we have cited for such action  by the Ottawa authorities ��� precedents for the reconsideration and  rearrangement of the financial terms  satisfy the  other provinces will not meet our  case at all. While under a general  readjustment, British Columbia  would undoubtedly receive an increased annual allowance from the  Dominion; she would be relatively  no better situated than she now is  without a recognition of her special  cl'iim's.. Her population individually would have to pay their share  of the increased allowance made to  all of the provinces; and she would  still remain subject to the conditions  which at present place her at a disadvantage compared vvith the other  members of the Confederation. The  net result, therefore, would be that  all tbe other provinces would benefit by the' agitation which British  Columbia has been maintaining,  and British Columbia would relatively not be benefited. This  would not satisfy her just demands.  There must be, to'satisfy the legici:  mate and, generally admitted, just  claims of this Province, a specific  and definite understanding and rearrangement of her financial position as regards the Dominion.  Until that will be done, the issue is  and shall be "Better terms for British Columbia."  The Laurier Government has  thus ignored the demands of this  Province for better financial terms  with the Dominion. Asto the Province faring better with a Liberal-  Conservative Government in power,  the telegram which has been re  cently sent by Mr. Borden to Sir  Charles Hibbert Tupper is as explicit as under the c.rcumstances it  could be ; and it conveys his assurance that her demauds for better fi-  .nauciaLarrangementS-with-the.Do-  minion will receive immediate enquiry and investigation so that the  appropriate remedy may be applied  -���and this is what, it will be remembered,the Government asked for as  a preliminary step, au investigation  as to the justness of the claims of  the Province. The part ofthe said  telegram referring to this we will  give in full :  " Let me- a lap say that I have  Kivcn much thought to the conditions in British Columbia, w hich,  in your opinion call for spe-  ciul attention in considering the  financial relations between the Dominion and thut Province. You claim  not only that these conditions are exceptional aud peculiar to the situation and physical character of  your Piovinee, but also that th��y arc  permanent in their nature. In my  opinion the.y are such as to demand  immediate enquiry aud investigation,  to the end that any injustice cleiuly  established may be immediately relieved."  Mi*. Borden's explicit assurance  will have much weight with every  elector. And at any rate, the  Province cannot fare worse in this  respect under the Government of  Mr. Borden than it did under that  of Sir Wilfrid Laurier.  Aud the point founded thereon  for the consideration of the electors  is simply this���elect at the forthcoming election supporters of the  Laurier Government, and -whether;  Laurier   or   Borden  Of MEN'S SHOES to  hand.    Good to look  at, good to wear,  and reasonable in price.  f Baker St.  !t Pays to Deal with Rutherford  /  \ Wild Cherry Spruce and Tar Cough Syrup is the  quickest to relieve and the surest cure for Coughs,  Inflamed Throats and Sore Chests. Try it. 25 and  50 cts. per bottle.  Carnation Cream  For smoothing rough skin on face or hands Carnation- Cream is the finest thing yet. Apply a little  after shaving.    Nothing better.   Prepared by  WM. RUTHERFORD, Druggist  PHONE A214  NIGHT PHONE B214  WARD STREET, NELSON, B. C.  ^ J. ����� Annable, Nelson, B..C. V  SAL  In 10-acre blocks, in 20-acre blocks. Improved ranches.  West Kootenay Butcher Co  Wholesale aud  Dealers fn  Retail  SUM ATS  Camps supplied on shortest  notice and lowest prices.  Mailorders receive careful  attention.  Nothing but fresh and  wholesome meats and supplies  kept in stock.  E. C. TRAVES. Manager  W. G. Gillett  Builder   and   Contractor  Estimates  given oh stone, brick  and woodwork.  Brick and Lime for Sale  CASHoGflDCER  Corner Mill and Josephine Sts.  Send Us an Ordor for Your  Groceries, then Notice,'  The promptness of delivery. >'  The cleanness stud freshness.of Goods.   ,  The full honest mcasurc-  The quality of wnat you get.  You will find abundant reason for sending  your future otders.  This Week's Specials Are :  14-lb Boxes of A 1 Cieamery Butter at 27c  per pound.  Silver Spoon Tea, 50c per pound.  Rajah Brand Hucupple, 25c por tin.  Clarke's Boneless Chicken, 35. per tlu.  Joy's Cash Grocery  ���l'HONE 19  Frank Fletcher  PRO VIK 7 *-V__ LAND SURVEYOR  l^andsand Mineral Claims Surveyed ,--  and Crown Granted  P.O.Box583.     Office: Kootena* St. Nelson  SewingMachinesandPianos  For Rent and for Sale  ^ . ��� .  Old Curiosity Shop, Josephine St, Kelson  than that the peopleof this Province  are satisfied with the financial arr  rangements as they now exist between the Dominion and the Province. The Ottawa Governtnentwould  naturally conclude that the electors,  by such action, have definitely pronounced in favor of their inaction  in this matter. If the electorate  are dissatisfied with the inaction of  the Laurier Government, in its dis-  be supported | regarding the appeals made to it to  generally throughout Canada, no reconsider and rearrange the finan-  on which a Province entered the j administration would be warranted, cial terms as regards this Province,  Canadian    Confederation���no  fair'iu coming to any other conclusion t let them say so at the polls by vot  ing for the nomineesofthe Conservative Opposition. This is the, only  way they can ^y their votes give  expression to their, dissatisfaction  with the manner in which'the claims  of this Province have' been persistently .ignored, and convince whatever Government will be in power  in Ottawa of-their sincerity in the  presentation .of their demand for  better financial terms, and that they  will persist in their demand until it  shall be granted. This surely must  be obvious even to the most unthinking person.  Insurance    Real   Estate  Mining  Agent  and  Houses and offices to rent and lots for sale in all parts of the city.  Now is the time to invest in good improved  Fruit Ranch  Adjacent to Nelson.  The Kootenay Va.lleysCo., I/td, London, Eng.  Nelson City Land and Improvement Co.  Fire and   Accident Insurance   a  Specialty  TV O.  f3  BAKER ST.. NELSON, B.C.  ER  P. O. BOX 223  . �������������"��"��*��<��<fr����*��;-��-0~��*��<fr<��������  Eci:i}  R��eison9 B��� C.  ,The largest exclusively  Wholesale  Liquor  House in   the interior  Dawson's "Extra Special" Scotch.,   Granda Cigars.  Mitchell's Heather Dew Scotch etc.    Earl of Miiito etel  A full line 'of imported and domestic Liquors and Wines.  "Tenis&Awnings Madeand Repaired T  CLOTHES    CLEANED    AND MENDED. J  OVER J. H. WALLACE'S STORE, NELSON, B. C      |,.  NELSON ELECT RIG  TRAMWAY  G  S}  N.E.T. TIMETABLE.- *     '  STANLEY STREET���  7.00       7-40        S 20 a. m.  9.00       9-40        10.20  Every 40 minutes until 10.20 p. in.  BOGUSTOWN ���  7.20 .00        8.40        9.20 a. in.  10.00     10.40     11.20  Every 40 minutes until 10.40 p. m.  REMyESTATEy ������  -Lots.     Warehouses.     Offices.     Apply A. V. MASON,   Man. Sec  The Car Barn, Phone 165B.  r  ,V���A    A  '  1  E. K. STRACHAN!  Plumber and Gasfitter  f  j  I Estimates Given on General  Plumbing, j  {  t  Sewer Connections* Etc.  Baker Street, near Ward  Street, Nelson.  y  r���--m u McCausland*  BAKER ST., M ELSON  AGENT FOIl  Custom Work  The Julia Marlowe*  I he Celebrated Keith Shoe  ;' A AA;ihe Douglas Shoe.   A    .  Invisible Patching a Specialty. ��  Geuinne Homemade Bread  Cake and Pastry  Orders Filled  Promptly���Everything Wa.rrghtecTPure  and Good. A THE   NELSON  ECONOMI&x  &$* - >;. * ~Att~ .^S*fB  m ^&^��-*���&-&*���'  ��� 'A' ^ii  ,7*. J   n.1    V$*-J  A a,. A:'%i  9  'i",*v" vM  y     -ri" ^L  ���*    x'   "���tfjtl  sal  .    *.-r'.i  Talking Machines.  Edison Phonographs, Prices, $10, $20, $30, $50.  The New Edison Moulded Records, at 50c each, $5  per doz.  Berliner  Gramophones  Prices, $17, $25, $30, $45,  v 7-inch Records, $6.per doz.  10-inch Records, $11 per doz.  Needles and all supplies sold on the instalment plan..   Write for prices.  Pianos       \  Heintzman Pianos  The  New Scale Williams Pianos  AT SPECIAL PRICES  We buy our Pianos for cash, and customers get the benefit, as we have no.  "sub agents" who must have a "rake ofF."  Do  You  Want  JYoar friend to remember yott  I forever?    If you do, make him .  I or her a present of a'.   .   *.   ,  PARKER  LUCKY CURVE  FOUNTAIN  PEN  Price9 $1.50 to $10.   Let us  I put one aside for you.   These  I are the pens you see advertised ;  lin the magazines.   We warrant  I them as well as the maker.  Cameras  i-  They k the BEST  < r:  MM  FROM$1 TO $75  We     can    stipply , your  ��� ~- -*:  wants for Fall House Cleaning in "WALL PAPER-' and  BURLAP. ' "'   v:     ...;"���-'  Chinaware A  - (Not Crockery with the stamp of some well known China on it)  NEW GOODS ARRIVING WEEKLY  Reyal    Crown    Derby,   Crcwn    Vienna,   Hariland  Limoges,     Royal    Worcester,     Foley,    Minton    an  Copeland's.  i ���    '  h     -V  ifl  f-N.��i_l  A-f-r-yi  S  -���:A  A-Ai  "The First Statesman.''  "Sir Wilfrid Laurier is  easily the first statesman of  Greater Britain.���London,  Eng., Daily News, September 14th, 1904."  Tne above is inserted in the Nelson Daily News, in large type, and  occupies a prominent position'; in  tbe paper.  \ The following question will naturally arise in .the mind of every  thinking person who would estimate what such a certificate is  worth, what does the London Daily  News stand for? Some.Aweiity  years ago, the London Daily News  was an eminently respectable newspaper. To-day it is the organ of  only the anti-British, disgruntled  -element of the population. It was  the chief organ of the anti-British,'  Boer sympathizing party during  the Boer war. Forinstance> it advocated the election of Dr. GavinBrown  Clark, the notorious Boer sympathizer���and worse, for it was proved  that he was in the paid service of  the Boers���to a seat in the House  of'Commons which he was contesting in the county of Caithness. It  expressed its delight in unmeasured  terms over every Boer victory during the Boer war, and was perpetually manifesting its sympathies with  the Boers in that struggle. Indeed  the News and the English Review  of Reviews went so far in doing  this that they alienated from them  the sympathy and support, and  earned the contempt of every loyal  British subject.  .Yet this is the newspaper whose  certificate in favor of Sir \Vilfrid  Laurier is quoted, and has had such  prominence given to it in that paper.  In doing so, the News must surely  presume upon the -ignorance of its  readers as to the standing and sympathies of that organ. Such a quotation is only an insuh to its readers  and such a certificate of statesmanship is certainly no honor to any  person.  Navy Cut Mild, Medium and Ful!  Nauu Mivtnro           ���_��������� J���IfBlfYlMI Ul   Navy  Cut  Cigarette  Tobacco,  j   Pedigree Tobacco, Navy Cut  "^    Cigarettes.  Tobaccos and Cigarettes are Second to I. one  WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTING AGENTS FOB WESTERN CANADA.  o  o  W. A Thurman  Depot for Briar Pipes, Nelson  JOHN McLATCHIE  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor  Op. B.C. Customs House, Nelson  Turner, Bee^ti^& Co., Ltd, victoria, a c.  MONTREAL, Sole Manufac!  turers of the "Pinto Shell Cor  dovan" Gloves and Mitts  R.H.CARLEY,B.C.Agt.  L!  $7.50 PER TON,  DELIVERED  All orders muBt be accompanied by cash and ehould he forwarded  either personally or by mail to the office of  W. P. TIERNEY, GENERAL AGEWT  JJHIilHl THE NELSON ECONOMIST  Certificate of Improvements.  Why not get them ? Itis such a comfort for winter evening?*.  You may require a very simple pair of glasses, which would give you  great relief.  Consult our Optician.    He will tell you.  Watchmakers, Jewellers and  |       Opticians.       Phone 293  m~   %    ��  Little Johnnie Mineral Claim,situate In the  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay  District.  Whew located: On Rover Creek, about  three miles l'n.in Kootenay Kivi''r. - Take notice that I, l-'riink Fletcher, or the City of  Nelson, acting as agent for myself, Kree Miner's Certitlcate No. 1182.023, aud A. C. Flum-  mcrfelt, Kree Miner's Certitlcate No..1180,024,  intend, sixty days from lhe date hereof, to  apply to ilieMluing Itec-ordcr. for a Certificate  ot'Impiovemnnts for the purpose of obtuln-  inlng a Crown (Jrant of theubove claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the Issuance, of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 2Cth day of May. A. D 1904.  FKANK K-LETCHEIt.  Certificate of Improvements.  The Vancouver and Kootenay mineral  claims, situate iu the Nelson Mining Division  of West Kootenay District.  Where loeated: On east side of Kootenay  Lake, about three miles castr of the town of  Sancii.  Take notice that I, J. L. G. Abbott, Free  Miner's Certificate No. HSi,4S4 for myself and  as agent for H. Abbott, Free Miner's Certificate No. H84,4S3, and K. la. Hentley, Free Miner's Certitlcate No. ltfin^j, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Kecorder for a Certitlcate ol Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant  ofthe above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  Section 37, must be commenced before issuance ofsuch Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 20th day or June, l'JO-J.-  J. L. G. ABDOTT,  Thos. Taylor, M. P. P., of Revelstoke,  la iu tbe city.  Sandon mines last week sent out 212  tons of lead and zinc.~  Ore Is now being shipped from the  new ore bunkers at the Brooklyn  tofne.  The Moyie Leader is agitating for  the reorganization of the old board of  ���Wade.  Between twenty and thirty men are  employed* on the Alice mine, near  Creston.  J"Mrs."JrA, Irving and Mrarlrimbert  have returned from a visit to relatives  in the east.  ���"*"\   Diamond drilling by Boyle.'*.Bros.,  -the contractors', stiil<continues at tlie  A   Granby mines. < ,    i. *  -."*  *W. A. Macdonald, K. C, left for  Cranbrook, this morning on" professional business.- ...-,,.   . /. ._    .,..���..*.. .-  -There were "44 "tons of ore shipped  /rom. theSlqeari this week, the Ottawa  supplying the ore.       ",  .  / Total oreshipments from the Mother  ��� liode mine for the mouth of Seplem-  ��� ber were 14,784 tons.  ��� 'Jhe Stocks building on Bilker street  is progressing rapidly and will be ready  for occupancy by December 1.   .  -for the first time in exactly ten  months the whistle at the Snowshoe  Was heard Thursday of last week;  ���'"firgrtennierbi-rristerrhas-returiicd  from Ottawa, where he was in attendance at the Supreme Court of'Canada.  *��� While the Cranbrook Herald is Liberal in politics, it does nol propose to  make any enemies among the Conservatives.   -    i  John Procter and liis brido have returned from their honeymoon tour and  have established themselves in their  new home.  All the concentrators in the Rossland camp arc preparing to resume  operations after u shut down, owing to  the exceptionally dry spell..  D. F.-Jelly, of Trail, was in the city  this week. He is greatly interested in  the success of the Conrervativc party  at the forthcoming election.  The Kootenay Ore Company is making rapid- progress in the erection of  the zinc separator in connection with  tbeir sampling works, at Kaslo.  Recently while construction work  ' was progressing on the Fernie and  Morrisseybrancb qf .the Great Northern  railway, forty feet of coal was discovered  on the Morrison claim, near Morrissey,  and owned by, .the_$Vestftrn_ Oil Co., o.f-  Vancouver.  Since. Manager Cranston assumed  coutrol of the Nelson Opera House, he  has been untiring in liis efforts io meet  the requirements of the' theatre-going  public in the matter of entertainment.  He has secured "many reallv good attractions, and that the public has appreciated his efforts is best evidenced  by the liberal patronage bestowed upon  the'house. So satisfied is he now that  the people of British Columbia are prepared to patronize really first-class attractions, he das undertaken a venture  in the managerial line that in degree  of magnitude has never been approached iu British Cpulumbia. In  short, he has engaged the Beggar  Prince Opera Com puny for a season  extending over five weeks, every performance to be given in the British  Columbia and Alberta Theatrical Circuit.' This "company is' no ordinary  musical organization, but Im-lndes in  its list of musicians more than a dozen  who are'known to fame all over the  continent, aud wherever it has appeared it has been'ac orded patronage  commensurate with its excellence as a  musical organization: The 'Calgary  Herald of a recent date devotes a column to* "its praise of the Beggar Prince  Opera Company. There will begiven  three performances iu Kelson, begin-*  nh'g Thanksgiving evening. If Manager Cranston meets with the success  liis enterprise deserves1 he will ���.undertake"other veiituresVfthis lineduring  the winter;     "    '  Anyone .who has paid any attention  to theatricals will readily endorse the  statement that among the best and  most successful of modern farcical  comedies is Mark E. Swan's clever  conception, "Browu's in Town." This  is the bright play which Walker's  Comedians . will present, here when  they return next Friday night. The  company has . been considerably  strengthened, one of the newcomers  being George Berry, who has a national���reputation _The__p_roduction_  will be complete in every respect.  When the Clara Mathes company  comes to Nelson again tiiere will be  one familial' face" niisscd. Prof. Herman Ende, who lias played thc piano  for the company for the past live o��* six  years, died at Port Arthur on the 20th  of this month, the cause leing pneumonia. The lute professor was a well  known nnd celebrated musician, and  until just lately had enjoyed good  health. He was a graduate in music  of tlie University of Jlc.ilti, and on  coming to this country joined the theatrical company of Clara Mathes, and  acted as tlie musical director and conductor of the company. The couTn was  carried into St. John's Church, Port  Arthur, by several male members of  thc theatrical com pan y, and the lirst  part of tlie funeral service was rendered by tlie pro-rector, Rev. Thomas  Lai/.Iu. The body was carried out to  the -.trains of the Dead March, and the  mourning party drove to Riverside  cemetery, where thc profee-sor was left  to rest ih his last sleep. A few people  besides the whole of tlie Clara Mathes  company were present. A wreath in  tlie shape of a harp as a token of the  deep appreciation ofthe late professer's  musical ability was presented by tbe  members. Only the drama wiil know  what the loss of Prof. Herman Ende  means, and Clara Mathes company, as  he was indeed like a father to all the  jcouipany.  Ed. Mallandaine is the most versatile man in British Columbia. He iivc-  at Creston, and is'towiisite agent, justice of the peace, manager of tlie sawmill, coroner, civil engineer, mining  recorder and school trustee, aud fil)j>  all the positions with dignity aud  credit  The "Mr. Plaster of Paris" company,  which was billed to appear in Nelson  next Tuesday night, has been cancelled,  on account of one of the company  meeting wiih a'severe accident in on*.-  of the Northwestern towns. Later on  tho"company may lie seen here, and ii  is'quite possible may tuur the new cir-.  cuit for a��time in repertoire.  Nelson Opera Houss  Friday, Nov. 24  FIRST TIME HEREOF TIIE CLEVERES V  OF MODERN FARCES  IN TOWN  Written by Marie E. S*ran and Interpreted  by  Walker's    Comedians  A Company of  Metropolitan I layers Uuder.  tlie Management of Mr. C. I*. Walker.  Mr. Geo. Berry Mr   Earle Sterling-  -Mr. William Yule Jlr. Clms. Del Vccculo  Mr. H. B. Carpenter     Ur. Chas. Marston  Mlts Christine Prince Miss Lea La Force  Miss Martha Shields    Miss'Murle Davidson  Miss Emily Le Febvre.  Prices:_ $1,00, and 75c,  Reserved Scats at McDonald's.  WACWiM  Cheap Fall Excuurston Bates  -FROM   NELSON  World's Fair Rates  St. LOUIS $60  Chicago $65  Last Selling Dates   Oct. 8, 4,5.  For full particulars apply to local agents.  J. 8. CARTER,  Dist. Pubs. Apt.,  Nelson.  E. J. COYIiE,  A. G-P.A.  Vancouver  Corporation of the City of Nelson  ELECTRIC LIGHT RATES  Electric light-   rates for the month of Oct.  are now due nnd   payable- nt  tlie  City  offices.    Jf paid on   or before   the  15tn Nov.  discount oflO per cont will be allowed.  Nelson. Oct  29,190J.  By order,  ,     D.O.McMORRIS  Citv Clerk.  NOTICE.  In the matter of an application for a duplicate or a certificate of Title to Lot 11, Block 3,  Town ol Kcltinn.  Notice i.s hereby given thnt ltismyint��n-  ilon to issue at I lie expiration of one month  from tlie flr&t publication hereof a duplicate  of tin' Certificate of Title to the above mnn-  tloned Lot 11, Block 3, in the Town of Nelson,  inthe name of William Perdue, which Certificate is dnt"d thc 10th dny of May, 1898, ana  numbcrpd 813 K.  Land Registry Office, Nelson, B. C,  28th October, 1904.  "H. V. MACLEOD."  District Registrar.  Chimney Sweeping  Prompt attention given  to all orders for  Chimney Sweeping.  ' Send your orders to Joe D. Dowses, care of  the Old Curiosity Shop.   1*1.50 per chimney.  rvin  ew Fall and Winter Dry Goods, Millinery, Ladies' Jacke  .  Our stock of Ladies' and Children's Mantles, Jackets and Coats is now complete and we have marked  them  at prices exceedingly low.  Ladies' Walking Skirts from $2.50 each to $9.  ,Ladies' Dress Skirts from $2 each to $18.  Ladies' Fancy Dress Skirts, for .evening wear, at reduced prices.  Blankets���We are showing in all qualities and sizes and our cash prices on these goods are much lower than last season. **  FRED   IRVINE  CO,   LIMITED.  THE BIG CASH STORE  ><��to  Bfcr-Sfe*  FURNITURE  The largest and best assortment of fancy Rockers,  Centre Tables, Couches, China Cabinets, Ladies'  Secrefarys, Carpets, Etc., to be found in any Furniture Store in the Kootenays.  M�� ART HUR c�� CO  FURNITURE DEALERS'  AND    UNDERTAKERS,  We Print  Letter Heads,  Bill Heads,  Statements,  Note Heaas,  Envelopes,  Business Cards  Dodgers,  Tags,  Etc., Etc., Etc.  .conom-ist  Complete Stock of Stationey  Orders by Mail Receive Prompt Attention.  VERNON    STREET,  NELSON, B. C  NOTICE.  In the matter of an application for a duplicate of n Certificate of litle topsrtofLotlSlS,  Group 1, Kootcnny District. -  Notice is hereby given that it la my intention to issue at the expiration of one month  fiom the first publication hereof a. duplicate  of the Certificate of Title to part or Lot 1315,  Oro p 1. Kootenay District, in the nnme of  The Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway Corn-  pany, which certificate is dated the 24th day  of January, 1898, and numbered 809K.  ' H.F. MACUOD.  District Rcglbtrar.  Land Registry Office, Nelson, 13. C,  5th October, 1901.  NICKERSON,  THE.PWF.LER,  BAKER ST.  We only nsk one trfnl to'miikc you cur cus  turner. Fine Watch Jcwelrv. Optical and  Silverware repnhinp- and everything- in the  line. Keasormblc charges. Work sent ns  from outside towns will receive the fame care,  ns ii personally delivered. Difficult repairs  done for other Jewelers.  60  YEARS'  EXPERIENCE  Trade Marks  Designs  .  Copyrights Ac  Anyone sending a sketch and description mnj  qnloklr ascertain our opinion free whether an  Inrontton Is probably patentable. Communication* strictly confidential. Handbook 011 Patents  seat free Oldest agency for securing patent*.  Patent* taken through Munn & Co. receive  tptctalnotice, without charge, ln tha  Scientific Jfiitericatu  A oandiomely illustrated weekly. Lamest circulation or any scientific Journal. Tonus, t3 a  yonrtaouc.mjsjitbs *!��� Sold by all newsdealer*.  mm &wessraNew Yorfc  _3*MCt�� Ofteo. e��ff St. Washington. P. C.  Canada Permanent .  Mortgage Corporation  Straight Mortgages at 8 per cent,'  or Monthly Payment System  * TRIPLE   BEAD  FRONT SIGHT *  Just think of it.  Price Postpaid, $2  An Ivory Be=*d, a Black Bead and a Gold Bead, all on the gun  at one time for hunting and target shooting. There is no single  color "that shows well under all conditions. Thus you can change  to suit conditions by simply turning the sight.  Made to fit all'g'a^v&aving slot.  t Nelson Hardware Co,  Sportsmen's "  Headquarters.  t  ~1  $1 per day and up  NoChlnese Employed  AUGUST THOMAS, PROPRIETOR.  CORNER   HALL   AND   VERNON   STREETS,'     IfCE CHM    D     P  -     " TWO BLOCKS FROM WHARF, NLLOUIlt   Ul    b  ! BARTLETT  HOUSE f  J (Formerly Ularlie House)   ' 9  5-     The best $1 per day house in Nelson.      None but white help employed    The   .    X  A -- bar the -beat. <f>  | G. W. BARTLETT. F��o��w��w��. f  ��� ���  9999?9999+9999+9+994^9G99>9999+9++*9999*491*9*99+99**9  j ! i _,       ~ "      " ~; *  Auction Sale To-Night  ATTHE AUCTION MART  ALL KINDS  OF  BARGAINS  Auction Sales promptly at'.eided to in any pirt of British Columbia.  J.  GREEN, AUCTIONEER.  BAKER STREET. NELSON.

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