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The Nelson Economist Apr 3, 1901

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 .^..���.���i^.-':-3?'.*.''- ���^-���f|-fJ,-i-...,.-i.---;i��'gtom1'.Mjr-��j-xa.tJoi' j��u,ii����;lp-:-r��j,..;jLJ{C^j!  ff-'-ft  4;  fe  VOL. IV.  NELSON, B. C, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 3, 1901.  NO. 38  vV.i  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every  Wednesday. Subscription: $2.00 per annum; if paid in advance, $1.50. Correspondence of \general interest respectfully  solicited.- Only articles of merit will be  advertised in these columns, and the in  terests of readers will be carefully  guarded against irresponsible persons and  worthless articles.  THE Local Government has adopted a policy  with regard to railroad building that 'should.  meet with popular favor. In the past there has  been a strong desire to secure railways at any cost to  the Province, and perhaps the uncertainty as to the  likelihood of early returns from the expenditure  ...was the cause of large subsidies to railroads in the;  past. But railroad building in British Columbia is no longer an experiment, and the Government is perfectly justified in demanding returns commensuraie with the value of the charters  and benefits bestowed upon railroad companies. The  conditions imposed on the Coast-Kootenay railway,  are quite in accord with the ideas of the people as to  the policy that should be pursued by legislatures in  dealing with railway enterprises in future. The  following is the full text of the conditions imposed  on the company undertaking the construction of the  Coast-Kootenay Railway :  That the subsidy shall not be payable -until the  railway is completed, and in running order, to the  satisfaction of the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council,  and security to the like satisfaction has been given  for the continuous maintenance and operation of the  railway ;  That four per cent, per annum of the gross earnings of the railway shall be paid to the province,  and such sum of four per cent, shall be a first charge  upon the earnings ;  That the railway obtaining the benefit of any  such subsidy shall be constructed wholly and as a  continuous line within the province :  That the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council shall  have absolute control of the freight and passenger  rates to be charged by the railway ;  That in the event of a charter being granted by  the Dominion government for a line of railway over  or parallel to the route proposed by the act, the foregoing conditions of this section shall be assumed and  carried put by the company &o incorporated as a  contract and obligation of the said company, prior  to any other charge thereon ;  That a suitable steam ferry for the transportation  of cars for freight and passengers shall be operated  daily between tho Mainland and Vancouver Island  at the most convenient points ; and that a proper  railway connection shall be made with the cities of  Vancouver and New Westminster ;  That the plans, specifications, and conditions of  any proposed contract for the construction of the  railway shall besubject to the approval  of the Lieu  tenant-Governor-in-Council : and that the contracts  shall be submitted to public tender and competition,  under such conditions as the Lieutenant-Governor-  in-Council shall approve ; and no contract shall be  awarded or work or materials thereunder accepted,  without the like approval ;  That no Chinese or Japanese shall be employed  during the construction of the railway ;  That no aliens shall be employed on the railway  during construction, unless it is demonstrated to  the satisfaction of the Lieutenant-Governor-in-  Council that the work cannot be proceeded with  Without the employment of aliens.  James Johnstone, who is said to have been at one  time manager of the Crow's Nest Coal Company, has  informed the Nelson Tribune that he at one time  sold coke in the United States for $1.15 per ton.  Thre Crow's Nest Coal Company has been charging  $4.75 per ton for its coke, and even making some al-  lowance for the greater expense of producing the  Crow's Nest Coal Company's product, it can readily  be seen the extortion practised by the management  of the C. N. Coal Company.  There is a shortage of news these days, so the  daily papers are forced to fall back on the stereotyped  topic of John Houston's merits and demerits as a  politician and a man. Just why Mr. Houston  should have the honor of taking the centre of the  stage, when there are other heroes and villains  equally as capable, does not transpire. One thing  is certain, abuse of Houston only adds to that gentleman's popularity with his friends. We rather  think that both papers have made a mistake in discussing Mr. Houston, and the man who instigated  this fight is quite as much to blame as the papers  which have eschewed legitimate news, for the more  poignant pleasure of traducing men in the public  eye.  Rarely has a Chancellor of the Exchequer had a  more difficult task to perform than that which Sir  Michael Hicks-Beach has before him, says the London Statist. In the past 18 months the country  has been compelled to spend over $87,000,000 in  carrying on the war in South Africa, and about  ��3,500,000 upon the expedition to China, a total of  nearly ��91 000,000, and, according to the estimates  of the Secretary of War, the Chancellor is now under  the necessity of providing a further sum of ��50,280,-  000. This estimate is based on (he assumption thai  for the first four months of the new financial year it  will be necessary to maintain the field force in  South Africa at full strength, and that only a  gradual   diminution will  subsequently take place.  ���MM THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ,'"���  A portion of the money is needed o pay for the transport home of the troops, the gratuities on demobilization, and the special war gratuity, which, though  voted in the present financial year, will not, owing  to the prolongation of the war, be paid to any large  extent until .901-2 Beyond raising the money required for the conduct of war, the Chancellor has to  provide for an increase of nearly ��10,000,000 in the  ordinary expenditures of the country. In view of  uncertainty as to how long the army will have to be  maintained in South Africa, the presentation of the  Budget will.doubtless be postponed to the latest date  possible in the hope that less money than now reckoned will 'suffice. As the estimates stand however  the Chancellor will have to ask parliament for power  to raise loans or additional taxation amounting to  ��54,000,000 and the question he has to answer is:  Should he impose fresh taxes beyond the additional  duties of last year, or should he raise the ��54,000,000  required wholly by loan ?  A bill is before the Dominion House, providing  for the establishment of a Dominion medical council  that will pass on the qualifications of every medioal  practitioner in Canada. This will do away with  the somewhat anomalous condition of affairs now  existing, whereby a duly qualified medical practitioner of one Province is compelled to paiss an examination before a medical council before lie can  practice in another Province  The Retail Grocers' Association of Vancouver is  terribly worked up over the introduction of copper  coin. It appears the Hudson's Bay Company . has  recently imported a large amount of the copper coin  in order to facilitate change in small transactions,  and this has aroused a storm of indignation among  the other trades. The Retail Grocers at a recent  meeting adopted the following resolution : "That  in the opinion of the Reail Grocer's Association it  is undesirable to introduce copper coinage into the  grocery or any other business," It is worth noting  that British Columbia is the only Province in the  Dominion where the Copper coin is not in use.  Even business men in the state of California now  split the ruckle in making change for their  customers.  Now that it has been clearly demonstrated that  Mr. Sifton is the unhappy possessor of an rmmigra-  tionul " gold brick" the Halifax Chronicle ���Hon.  Mr. Fielding's organ, by the way���has this consoling  advice to administer to the minister of the interior :  It is well perhaps that this matter has come up in  this way, at this time. Not much damage can yet  have been done, The few thousands of foreign riffraff ijo far brought, into the Dominion can probably  be swept out of the country or got rid of in some  way without serious injury. But we want no more  of it. Immigrants have, recently landed in Halifax  and not a few of them, whom all that have seen  them report as anything but a promising acquisition  to any civilized land, and as a most probable good  riddance to their native countries.     It is  revolting  in the extreme to think of blood such as this being  destined to mix with our, good, clean British and  -French Canadian blood to its certain corruption.  The early filling up of our vacant lands is a small  matter as compared with the preservation of the  wholesomeness vf our population. What would he  thought of the sanity of the owner of & mansion and  the father of a growing family who should go into  the slums and fill his vacant chambers with their  denizens to the pollution of his home and the probable ejection to his unborn children ? There is no  necessity for reckless haste in peopling the Northwest. Better let the prairies lie fallow as they have  lain since the waters receded from their face than  plant them with residents who will be in, but  not of Canada ; and whom we shall be ashamed to  acknowledge as beaiers of the Canadian name. Population is desirable���but not undesirable population.  If the department would permit us to address it in.  Latin we should say to it, " Festina lente"���which,  being interpreted, means u Go slow."  rp.  The Chinese Commission, now sitting at Victoria  has shown the sentiment of the people to be overwhelmingly in favor of tbe exclusion of the Chinese.  The witnesses all agree that further, immigration  should be excluded, and this applies to the Japanese  are well as the Chinese.  The Toronto. Telegram believes Parliament ought  to get at the reasons for promoting Major Perry to  the command of the North-west Mounted Police.  A Canadian soldier like Col. Steele, who worked his  passage up from the rank of non-commissioned  officer, was entitled to justice, and it is for Hon.  Clifford Sifton to show the justice of ignoring such  a man in favour of an officer ten years his junior.  Canada has too few soldiers who are capable of getting good results out of an irregular force like the  Strathcona Horse without losing the good-will of  their men. Co\ Steele's popularity with the men  who followed him stamps him as the sort of officer  Canada needs, and Parliament should know it if  such a soldier has been the victim of Mr. Sifton's  fondness for playing politics with the interests of  the North-west Mounted Police.  The Los Angeles Mining Review, now regarded as  one of the foremost mining publications on this  continent, has issued a special edition, of fifty pages,  containing a vast amount of useful information regarding the Mining industry of Arizona, Apart  from its mining news, the Review each week devotes  much space to the technical side of mining,  This Slocan Drill has entered upon the third year,  of its publication, and can now be honestly numbered in the list of papers that have" come to stay."  As an incentive towards encouraging the cash  system of doing business, would it, not be well to  give cash customers a small per cent, of reduction  on goods purchased ? Tp us it appears that the  adoption of such a course would in all likelihood  bring to the storekeeper who lives up tothediscount1-  for-cash plan a class of trade which  is at all  times  ^^itt&'ii&^ ill"   rnT  "'������   ii-r'-' -^^"-^���"-'���'-^-'^���H ���'������ -'i'T ���"���'"���'������-���������������  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  *-v  u  v.v  desirable. There is no reason why those who pay  for their goods as they buy them should be expected  to pay more for them than do those who pay weekly  or monthly. Such, however, is the case at the present day. There is not a grocer who issues passbooks to customers who would not willingly take  off from two to five per cent, if the entire amount  due as per such cash books were settled up at once.  Thus we see that the retailers offer an inducement  trade on credit, whereas the reverse ought to be c  their aim. In cash transactions the dealer has the  money of the cash customer to use in buying goods  and paying cash for them, and thereby saves a discount which means profit to him, and also makes  him a desirable customer among the jobbing trade,  which enables him very frequently to obtain li inside" prices, while with his credit customers he mnst  wait weeks and sometimes months before he receives  his money. If no difference is made between the  two classes of customers, the cash customer, knowing that fact, will be justified in demanding credit  and using his money in some way so as tomakw it  bring somei interest to him.  Take it, for instance, where a customer has been  paying cash for his groceries, and his payments  amount to about $35 per month, but finding that there  is no advantage in paying cash, be resolves to put  his money in the bank and pays his grocery bill  every three months, would Le not be benefited by  the change ? He certainly would. And yet there  are many grocers who would be very glad to have-  such a customer where he could count on getting his  money at a certain stated period, and furthermore  would give a premium in the shape of candy or nuts  for children, whenever the account was settled.  Many people would manage to pay cash for everything did they but know that a saving wasmadeby so  doing. Did the credit customer fully understand  that a pass-book meant one or two cents upon everything purchased, we are inclined to believe that the  credit customer would do.all in his power to soon-  get down to a strict cash basis of doing business. But  they don't understand anything of that kind. They  know that they are charged  the  same price as the  customer who pajs cash, and in this case, where is  the incentive to change their mode of doing business.  This is a question which should receive the consideration of the retail trade, and in our opinion, the  adoption of this system is well worth a trial, and  would be a step nearer to cash business.  The civilized world is indebted to the State of  California for manv freak laws, but even in this re-  gard it has recently excelled all former efforts. The  ���recent enactment is to allow persons sentenced to life  imprisonment to be released from prison on parole  after they have served seven years. There is another  provision that any prisoner sent to gaol for a crime  other than murder in the first degree may be paroled  after serving two years' imprisonment, providing he  has not been previously convicted of a felony. The  prisoners so paroled are to  remain under the juris  diction of the Board of Parole Commissioners, subject  only to rearrest at the discretion of the Parole Commissioners or the governor of the state. It is  believed by the more law-abiding citizens that the  effect of the new law will be to extend the powers of the  Pardon Commission so that life terms may be paroled,  and in this way even the most desperate convicts  who have sufficient political pull may obtain speedy  liberation. Already protests are beginning to be  heard from communities that had hoped to be rid  permanently of their most desperate characters, but  which are now threatened with renewed visitations  from these undersirable persons. California has  never had a very good reputation as a law-abiding  state, and this latest enactment is not likely to improve matters in this regard.  The city council should act at once on the report  of the fire, light and water committee, recommending that the telephone company be~denied the use of  the poles upon which the city electric wires are  strung. It may be that Mr. Hodge, manager of the  Telephone Company, knows more about the rights of  the city in this matter than the citizens do themselves, but most people will prefer to act on the recommendation of Superintendent McPhee, who says  that the stringing of the telephone wires is a decided  objection, and that 25 cents per Opost is iiothing like  com pe n sa tion for the use of thee i ty pol es. There is a  growing belief that there are other privileges now enjoyed by this Telephone Company that might be  curtailed. In any event, the city should compel  Mr. Hodge to live strictly within the terms of 'This.''  agreement'. :'���"...'���"'���:.  Mr. N. T. McLeod has purchased the coal, wood  and transfer business formeily carried by C. W.  West#Co. Mr. McLeod until recently had charge  of the Hudson's Bay store in this city, and possesses  business qualifications of a character that insures  success in his new departure.  Smith Curtis appears to have dropped into the  very unfortunate habit of speaking for the whole of  British Columbia, instead of confining himself to  matters in which his own constituency is directly interested. His studied impertinence in this respect  appears to be making him many enemiesamong the  other members in the House.  The Canadian Press association propo.-.es to take  action in the direction of securing a direct interchange of reliable news between Canada and Great  Britain. At the same time it is proposed to make  the action coincident with the government's assuming control of the telegraph linus. If that is the  case and the government is as slow in doing anything as it has been in the fast steamship scheme  and a dozen other matters, the Ottawa Citizen believes the prospects are not so  rosy  as  they might  be.  :"-V. I  ���'S-Sl  :';*Si--  ���:'.!::'���'\  HMflittSJHttMtMMK&i 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ^pHE most notable musical event in the history of  X Nelson will undoubtedly be the appearance  here of Madame Albani on the evening of  April 15ch. Her present visit to Canada has an  interest aside from that which usually centres in a  famous singer, for it is only a few weeks ago  she was paid the great honor of being asked to, sing  at a private service for the royal family in the  chapel where rested the body of her majesty, Queen  Victoria. The request was made by King Edward and surely one of the most pathetic songs ever  sung must have been that sung by Madame Albani  before the king by the side of the queen's coffin and  in the presence of the immediate members of her  late Majesty's family.  Madame Albani was the  favorite singer of Queen  Victoria, and it is perhaps likely  that  her  singing  by the bier on the night of the Queen's last rest   in  her   Berkshire   home  was  in    keeping   with  her  sovereign's last   wishes.     It   was  a  beautiful and  appropriate event  for Albani  is  a daughter  of the  empire which came into being under the sway of the  late Queen.     Her earliest  memories  are of Canada  where she was born and first won fame.     She is one  of the many   royal  subjects of  King  Edward  who  have descended   from   French parents,   her   father  having  been   Mr.   Lajennesse,  of   Chambly,   near  Montreal.     It wa-i at a local  concert   that her gift  was first revealed.   �� She was a  child   of eight  but  her voice   even   then promised   to be  her   fortune.  Years of study abroad made the  Albani whom even  royalty is proud to honor.     It is a good many years  since she made her  appearance at Covent Garden,  London, and established herself in the  affections of  music-loving  people as few other singers  have ever  done.     Those who have heard her are not surprised  that  Queen Victoria lost no opportunity of hearing  Albani sing.     All the world over the same  grateful  appreciation has  been  hers.     She has  heard  the  shout of welcome in every great capital  of  Europe  and she has responded always with   those exquisite  strains which have made  her presence  a  source of  happiness to  all, from  the  dazzling  height of  the  throne to the humblest who can listen ���-and under- ���  stand.  In an interview with the representative of the St.  lohn (N. B.) Telegraph referring to the part she  played in the ceremonies attending the obsequies of  the Queen : " Yes, I, sang at theKing's request at  a little private service at which King Edward, Queen  Alexandra and other members of the royal family,  were present. The only others there were mv  husband and my accompanist. It was a beautiful  sight in the Chapel, which was almost lined with  white flowers ; the casket, covered with its pall and  the insignia of royalty was surrounded with white  flowers, and I stood amid palms. I hope I sang  well, at least the singing came straight from my  heart, though I could not but be affected. I sang  Come Unto Him, and I Know That My Redeemer  Liveth, and at the close King Edward came and  thanked me personally. He and the royal ladieo  present were very deeply affected, and as I spoke  with the King I could perceive traces of deep  emotion. Yes, I know the King very well and  frequently met Queen Alexandra, who is most  gracious, tactful and very beautiful. I have sung  for Her late Majesty so often that it was a gracious  act on the part of the King to ask me at the time.  I   assure you   I appreciated   the   honor.    Queen  Victoria   and   I   were  neighbors for   years.     For  thirteen seasons I spent my holidays at Old Mar  Lodge, one of the Duke of Fife's lodges, and for ten  years the Queen came regularly once a  year to take  tea with me.    She usually sent me word  the day  before but sometimes not until the morning of the  day on which she came.     She heard once that I  always carried her photograph with me and the last  time I sang for her at Balmoral in 1899, she gave me  this, her latest  photograph, in a  small gold case.  You will notice her age, 80, in  gold figures on one  side with 1899 on the other.   On the same occasion  she gave me this brooch set in brilliants.     Victoria  was one of the most intellectual women  I ever met.  She kept herself posted on all public affairs arid was  thoroughly conversant with  all  social  happenings.  Her knowledge of what was going on  in the world  was wonderful, and she did so enjoy a chat.     She  was deeply religious and most liberal in her views.  Her tact  was   infinite and   she   always   seemed to  remember ones personal affairs.     She  always asked  so kindly after my son and  so   thoroughly enjoyed  his remark after ne bad seen her  for the first time,  about her being such a little woman for such a  big  Queen. Her Majesty was never depressed, no matter  what her personal feelings were ; she always seemed  to look on the bright side.     Even at the  beginning  and during the war, when she  knew  those around  her were suffering great  anxiety,  she was a noble  example of   what a   woman can do to   banish   depression and gloom.     The Queen was fond of music  and next to Italian she loved simple Scotch ballads.  The Bluebells of Scotlar-d was a great favorite of hers  and I recall the many times the kindly voice  has  asked me for  it.     The coronation  oath  seems  to  have caused considerable comment  in Canada.     I  think the King is-like his late mother, most liberal  in his views, and he made the oath as inconspicuous  as possible, arid I am sure gave it no very great importance.     One must, in   speaking of such things,  remember the conditions and times under which the  oath was instituted."  The Nelson Minstrel Club has acquired an enviable reputation in the past for the excellence of its  entertainments, and the performance to be given  next Tuesday evening by this organization will no  doubt be quite up to the usual standard. Several  new faces will be seen in the circle this season, and  manv voices will be heard for the first time in Nelson.  All the latest songs are promised, besides specialties  not hitherto given in this city. Apart from the interest  attaching to a local performance, the minstrels claim  their entertainment next Tuesday evening is entitled  to patronage on its merits.  Lieut.-Col Mrs. Read, secretary of the women's  social work in the Salvation Army in Canada, will  address a meeting in the S, A. barracks on Thursday  evening, Rev, J, White in the chair. All interested  in the improvement of social conditions would do  well to attend. The Army has many rescue homes  in successful operation throughout Canada.  This has been a week of millinery openings in  Nelson, the principal one being that of Fred Irvine  (feCo., whose display would do credit to any store in  the Dominion. The hats this season are quite  different in style and shape, all having a decidedly  flat effect. Black is to be worn a great deal, and  some beautiful black hats were shown, a particularly  mmm  Hgj��f j���qawwyii ymnMI)|ll��WI'iWH'  raan^ipgmtn^^ ''ti'i-'urt'ifr"'-\ ���tTtMn^-''^*^-?r*^*,*���*i-^n^''M'''~riT-ir~"'~~  BMW���<Wr��"MWMI.  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  artistic one being a turban shape of black  chiffon, the chiffon edged with narrow bands of straw.  Some of the black hats were trimmed with chiffon  having a delicate tracery of gold thread, which gives  a very pretty effect. The Leghorns this year are in:  the Queen's favorite shape, drooped at front and  back, trimmed with wreaths and delicate lace. Some  of them have a double brim, filled in between with  flowers. And speaking of flowers, the flowers and  foliage this season are more beautiful in delicacy and  shade than ever before. A unique hat was shown,  the foundation of which was composed  of braided flower stems, trimmed with  grapes and their foliage, and tulle of the same  shades. But the dream, of all the hats  displayed was a white chiffon with gold tracery, flat  in shape, slightly turned up at the side, where is  placed a bunch of osprey feathers. But this hat  must be seen to be appreciated, as it is modest and  simple in effect, but withal shows such artistic  delicacy in thecreating, such richness, such filminess,  as is utterly indescribable. It would be impossible  to give a description of all the many beautiful hats  displayed. There is such a large and comprehensive variety of hats shown that every woman in  Nelson should be able to gratify her particular taste  in this direction. And the best of allis that the  prices are, to use a co^mmoQ expression, all right.  When the first death-warrant was presented for  Queen Victoria's signature she asked the Duke of  Wellington, who brought it, whether he could say  nothing in favor of the offender, whose crime was  that of deserting from the army. "Nothing," replied  the duke ; "he has deserted three times." " Oh,  your grace, think again," said the Queen. " Well,  your Majesty, although he is a very bad soldier,  some witnesses spoke of his character, and for aught  I know to the contrary he may be a very good man,''  replied the duke. " Oh, thank you for that, a  thousand times," replied the Queen, and the at once  wrote " Pardoned" on the warrant.  The Queen strongly objected to unpunctuality.  On one occasion a Duchess came later than she had  a right to do, and, apologizing, expressed her fear  that she had kept the Queen waiting. " Yes, a full  ten minutes," replied the Queen," and I must beg  in future your grace will be more punctual." Seeing how concerned the Duchess was, her majesty  kindly* added, "We shall, I hope, all become perfect in our duties before long."  Perhaps the most pathetic words ever uttered by  the Queen were those spoken the morning after the  death of the Prince Consort. "There is no one near  me to call me Victoria now."  The applicants for a charter for the Crow's Nest  Southern arA reported to have absolutely refused to  give the government a guarantee that the smelters  will be treated fairly. Yet there are men,  fortunately few, who favor the granting of this  charter.  halted for a momont to reflect that he was glad he  wasn't a woman and compelled to go to millinery  openings. .  As he paused, a voice came to him from within  the handsome store in front of where he stood.  There was no sign of emotion in the tone. Cold  and business-like and practical, each word was  uttered as though the order conveyed had naught  whatever in it of the gruesome and the ghastly.  "Hurry up now," was the expostulation���"Break  the bone in Mr. Oppenheimer's chops and put Mr.  Goulding's ribs in the basket for him."  Then there came another voice���equally impassive  in its note,   but deferential.  " Ail right," it said, ' just as soon as I've sawed off  Mr. Farron's leg."  It was just outside Pat Burns & Co's that the  horrified citizen stood.  Among the visitors to Nelson this week: is Dr. A.  C Sinclair, of Rossland. The doctor is an old-  line Grit, and is always foremost in the battle during  a political campaign. Being an able speaker, a  forcible writer and a hard worker, Dr. Sinclair's  services count for a good deal in the interest of the  candidate whose cause he espouses. It is understood that British Columbia will have another representative in the Senate after the census is completed, and the doctor's friendswill put forward his  claims to the appointment. He is certainly entitled to the honor, if political consistency counts  for anything, and although an old Conservative myself, 1 would like to see the doctor appointed Senator.  The Nelson barber who hypnotized the boat hand  while Dr. Quinlan extracted a tooth has convinced  many sceptics of the honesty of hypnotism. There  was certainly no complicity in this case. A public  exhibition of the hypnotist's powers will be given in  Nelson before long.  If possible the anticipated friction between the  mine-owners and mine workers should be averted.  I am not prepared to accept the statement that the  miners desire to change the terms of the agreement  made a year ago, but should such be the case Kootenay may look for dull times in mining development.  The rumor that James J. Hill has left an order  with eastern employment agents for 2000 Italians  will not be pleasant reading to those who object to  foreign cheap labor. No doubt it is intended to employ these Italians on the railroads for which Hill is  now seeking charters in British Columbia. Yet we  find certain labor agitators who are anxious to give  Hill charters for railroads that would be constructed  entirely by foreign labor.  "'���#  ������<?' ������  Kvy  ,v  r7  V.  The city council is taking a step in the right  direction in ordering the removal of debris from unoccupied lots.  The Vancouver Province tells of the following :  A plain, matter-of-fact business man  was on his  way  down Cordova street  yesterday, and  merely  The police station is now undergoing several much  needed changes. In future it will not require a  search warrant to get a policeman when wanted,  P. G.  D. J. Robertson &  Co.   have opened  a  furniture  store in Nelson, opposite Hume Hotel. J -  8  ':'''.���'::."<.���-:-���.'���������������  The Great Coffin Trick.  8��  J-'  i��:  AN old trick ?. Well, yes. A coffin, to all ap-  - pea ranee of genuine manufacture, isbroughton  the stage, and re-ted each end on a parallel  support. The audience are invited to test the sombre case by sending a few of their number forward  as an inspection committee, and it seems truly  astonishing that the method of the illusion has gone  for so long undiscovered. After inspection the conjurer's assistant is placed in the coffin, in which  there would appear little room for turning, and  the lid tightlv closed. Now comes the mystery !  The conjurer takes up a long sword, as keen of edge  and point as a scythe, and, after handing it around  for inspection, passes it slowly through a prepared  slot in the coffin lid until the blade shows through  an aperture in the coffin's bottom, directly opposite  the upper slot. The main portion of the audience  are puzzled, the weaker-minded horror-striken. Then  the sword is withdrawn, the coffin lid removed, and  the assistant, absolutely unharmed, comes forth  amidst thunders of applause.  You who read these lines might laugh at"the-  suggestion of a simple trick inspiring fear in anyone of ordinary perceptiveness. Yet I, who have  performed in the trick in the capacity of assistant,  shudder to-day at even the sight of a coffin of construction genuine or otherwise. I will tell you  why, and you will know that my nerves had just  cauee to be shaken on that, to me, well-remembered  night two years ago.  I was "on the road" with as. clever a conjurer as  ever handled a " property" silk hat, a ma�� whose  movements were as swift as they were accurate, and  my humble position in his employ as assistant I  deemed good enough for training until I should be v  competent to open on my   own behalf.  Herr Bruer's wife, had died about six months  before I joined him, and, even at the first sight of  his face, I could judge how great had been his sorrow  at her loss. Some of his actions off the stage soon  led me to believe that his mind was slowly but,  to the most recently formed of his acquaintances,  perceptibly unhinging.  Had I no fear in placing myself in the man's  power ? No, for I so trusted his ability that at each,  performance of his great trick I got into the coffin  as readily as if I were going to bed. His stage  properties, too, were all so thoroughly made up���as  proof against accident and detection as the specialist  could make them. How easily that "trick," coffin  baffled the scrutiny of the curious, and how readily  its side had always fallen outward, affording me a  shelf of safety from harm by the sword's downward  passage.  Our provincial tour���my first and only one with  Bruer���had so far been a great success. At each of  our new openings the hall employed was packed  with the thousands who had heard of his skill, and  as the nights passed I grew more confident of my  own progress. From the moment when, in answer  to an advertisement for a lady assistant, there came  to us the dearest girl with whom I have yet been  associated a renewed energy came to me, and I  seemed to learn fresh departures in the conjuring  art with ever-increasing ease, You smile ! Ah,  yes, I loved her���and who could help doing the  same ? Millie soon came to understand my feeling  for her, and the joy that filled my soul when she  one night, in answer to my proposal for her hand,  gave a sweet affirmative, I cannot express in words,  But   on   my mentioning   to her the   necessity of  announcing our engagement to Bruer I noticed a  peculiar look of fear cross her face. " Oh, Harry,"  ahe cried, "cannot we keep that from him until our  wedding day ?"  The question sruck me as a strange one. Keep  our engagement a secret ?  " But," I remonstrated. " where's the need of holding back from the man what  doesn't  affect him   in  the least ?   Our  union need not deprive him of our  services, for a time anyhow."  "You do not understand," she said, slowly.  ." Something would happen, I am sure, if he comes  to know what there is between us. Listen !" and  she lowered her voice to a whisper, although we  were out of eavesdropping reach. " Last night he  called me to his room and, to my astonishment, declared his love for me in a mad way. And when I  told him that I could-never allow anything more  than business relations to exist between hinf and myself a mad gleam came into his eyes, and I hurried  from the place fearful lest he might harm me. Now,  is it not just as advisable to keep him in the dark  until we are married ? Some stupid jealousy might  cause him to do you harm, and there are so rhany  .ways, you know, Harry !"  She spoke earnestly, and I promised not to divulge  a word of our engagement to anyone.  On the following morning I called at Millie's  lodging, and, in answer to my inquiry for her, was  told she had been sent for by Herr Bruer, who  urgently required her services at the hall. This  information had a thrilling effect on me, for I  remembered what Millie had told me regarding her  treatment of his advances. . At once I acted on a  sudden impulse to follow her to the hall, and, on being  admitted by the caretaker, made my way towards the  little room which Bruer had set up as a ������" property-  store" and office combined. " Without troubling to  prepare an excuse for my early visit I hurried into  the room. Millie had evidently been annoyed for  her face was flushed and she trembled violently.  Bruer looked excited as he turned to me on my  entrance, and asked, sharply :-���..'���  " Well, Vincent, what  has brought  you here so  early ?"  The lie came readily to my lips, and I informed  him that I had called to find if any new trick required rehearsing.  " No," he answered, calmly enough ; " there is  nothing fresh that I know of. I suppose I must  tell you, that you will henceforward be my only  assistant. Miss Warner and I cannot agree on a  private matterf and I have paid her a fortnight's  salary���more than I need have done. She will  perform with us no   more."  "But why?" I queried. "Surely Miss Warner  has always been most assiduous in her work ?"  As I spoke he moved his gaze suddenly into Millie's  direction. That a feeling towards me more than  friendly was expressed in the girl's face he was  quick in discerning, and his anger, heated into flame  by his newly-found clue to the cause of her rebuke  of him, showed itself in his answer to my appeal.  "Confound it all 1" he roared. " What has Miss  Warner's case got to do with you ?"  I could not deny my interest longer���why should  I ?���so, stepping to Millie's side, I took her hand in  mine.  " Simply this," 1 replied, " that she is my intended  wife !"  "All right," he muttered,    I shall never forget  V qj  �������� nm immnmmftiH  iTMMWi ���>"W ���HWUIU'Hm'P  unit WMHWm  flWWIUMH  ���mgg"^^ I ft "li   il'lliii""'    --^Y---- '-       ���' '=.-*.?..���������������~-"---^--*--��->- ������H-.��.J7r,ny.;.lT.^.1im-ll  VMUHUaWBUI  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  .,1 '\  8/)  j...'  the terrible look upon his face as he watched us.  "Miss Warner, you Save, I understand, some properties of mine at your lodging. You will greatly  oblige me by leaving them here this afternoon."  Together we left the place���Millie and I. She  went home to hunt up the stage dresses���Bruer's  property���she had at her lodging, and I hurried off  to make preliminary arrangements for our wedding,  which we had just determined not to further delay.  That evening as I hurried to the hall an unspeakable feeling of coming danger crept over me.  Bruer performed quite up to his customary  standard. His minor tricks baffled the audience  more than ever. He kept smiling curiously at me,  and his pleasantly-spoken words before closing the  coffin-lid impressed me rather favorably than otherwise.  " If she has gone," he said, "I will still have you!"  Then the lid was tightly closed, and I waited to  hear the drawing of the sword���my usual cue to  seek safety. The many different sounds without  are quite distinguishable to one's ear when the  coffin-lid is properly made. The faintly-heard  sound of the steel reached me at length, and I  followed the usual method by pressing my right arm  against the usual side of the coffin. VVhat was  this ? It remained tight ! I pressed harder-  harder yet as I heard a voice, seemingly a mile off :  the "Now I" of the magician. Again I tried the  secret part, and the cold sweat stood on my forehead on its failing again.. The seconds seem to fly.  Had there been fool work here ? Yes, surely this  could not be the "property" article in which I lay,  for every part of the coffin I touched was immovable  to my wildest efforts.  A prayer rose to my iips, and I tried to forget my  terrible position. Forget ? Merciful Heaven ! and  the terrible point of that sword slowly shutting out  by its entrance the tiny ray of light hitherto visible  through the slot. Immediately above my breast,  and no room'to move myself���only to wait ! Picture  it, if you can ! One thing remained by which to  keep off the end for maybe a few seconds.  I wrenched my right hand upwards on to my  breast, and gripped the horrible point of the weapon  until the cold steel had cut deep into my fingers.  With superhuman strength of wrist I held the blade  hard against a side of the slot. Oh ! the inexpressible horror of that moment I A million fiends,  each with the face and ' voice of my murderous  master, danced before my eyes, taunting me���drowning the cry of my soul for succour.  I could see nothing but them, but that steel, ever  moving lower to its work, cutting its way into the  bones of my hand as it moved, kept me conscious,  yet robbing me of the last thing I then desired--  oblivion.     Would the end not come soon ?  Bruer, now feeling the resistance to his thrust,  kept pressing harder���harder ! And now the blade  was becoming impossible to hold, and slipped, inch  by inch, through my severing tinges, The whole  thing took place in a few seconds, but how long it  seemed l What was the curious noise from without?  Something like the trampling of feel miles away���  louder now���coming nearer���nearer I But now "the  weapon of death was sinking through my clothing  ���now into my flesh���now deeper! My- body was  coveted with terrible looking fin-brands, I thought,  whose flames were burning me to more speedy death,  Suddenly my warmth vanished and my blood  turned to ice I Then, vvith the cries of that fiendish  army ringing in my ears, I travelled into the world  of darkness !  Yet I am alive today ! If you ask my little wife  over there, she will tell you what a trifle it was that  snatched me from*the jaws of death. She had  postponed returning Bruer's "property" dresses until the time due for the performance of. the coffin  trick. At the identical moment I got into that  fearful box she placed the dresses in Bruer's storeroom, and then the carelessness which lost the mad  conjurer his victim presented itself before her quick  gaze.  A tiny key is used in the trick, and the use of this  is to open the diminutive lock releasing the coffin's  false side, when the conjurer shuts his assistant in.  This Bruer had not used, and Millie came upon it  as he had carelessly left it behind. Divining the  man's awful intent she ran screaming to the stage,  and a few of the audiense, realizing the terrible  circumstances, immediately left their seats and  pulled the mad illusionist off at the eleventh  hour!  For six weeks I lay in the hospital���the wound  was at first considered mortal���and when I reached  the altar with Millie I placed the golden circlet  upon her finger with my left hand.  SHORT STORIES  Donald McDonald, the war correspondent of the  Melbourne Argus, in his book on the seige of Lady-  smith tells this incident of t._e relief : An old Kaffir  woman tottered along the footpath, the tears  streaming down her face. "Listen to her : listen to  her," said a Natal farmer. "That's good, isn't it?"  I could listen, but not understand, so he interpreted.  The words the Kaffir woman spoke were really the  sentiment of that time of triumph. "The English  can conquer everything but death ; why can't they  conquer death ?"  Twoinmates in a Scotch asylum, says the Glasgow Times, working in the garden, decided upon an  attempt at escape. Watching their opportunity  when their keeper was absent, they approached the  wall. " Noo, bend doon, Sandy," said the one,  " and I'll clim' up your shoulder to the top, and  then I'll gie ye a hand up tae." Sandy, accordingly,  bent down. Tarn, mounting his back, gained the  top of the wall, and dropping over the other side,  shouted, as he prepared to make off ; " I'm thinking, Sandy, you'll be better to bide anither fortnight, for you're no near rioht yet."  %  %  %  *  *  Macaulay was several times invited to Windsor,  and once, as he himself recorded, had the temerity  to correct the Queen to her face, apropos of a blunder  in history. "The Queen," he said, "was most  gracious to me., She talked much about my bonk,  and owned that she had nothing to say for her poor  ancestor, James II. 'Not your Majesty's ancestor,' said I, 'Your Majesty's predecessor.' 1 hope  this was not an unconrtly correction, I meant it  as a c impliment, and she seemed to take it so," It  was on one of these visits to Windsor that the  historian was so foolish as to date a letter to his con-  stitutents from the Castle, a piece of singularly bad  taste, which brought down upon him the ridicule of the  Times which referred to Mr, Macau I ay's "little placki  in Berkshire," and later went on to hint that he was  commanded there to fill the vacant place of a pet  monkey of Hor Majesty's recently deceased. ^^��JMtlSUuU=JAfc^AUiX-j]S>f��Mtt'��**M  ���faiMMWCBMlWMI  10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  MINING NEWS  I  The Slocan Star will increase it's  working staff.  The Sandon mines shipped 314  tons last week.  The majority of the Hartney  miners have been laid off.  The Greenwood smelter on Monday of last week broke the world's  record. In the 24 hours 381 tons  of ore were treated in the furnace.  The capacity of the furnace is supposed to be 225 tons a day, but  owing to the self-fluxing character  of the ore and the merits of the  smelter itself, this remarkable run  -���one which has never been beaten  by any other smelter in the world  ���was made within the 24 hours.  The run is all the more remarkable  since the smelter has been running  but a short time and new smelters  are generally supposed to run less  sm')Otnly than others.  The shipment of.ore from Slocan  Lake points, up to and including  last week from Jan. 1, 1901, was :  -   Ions  .......   200  ......    120  The crosscut  from   the  100-foot  level   on   the    Rambler,   Summit  i camp, is in a  distance of 153   feet  j and good ore is being taken out.  The Athelstan mine,  Wellington  camp, is now making regular ship  ments   to    the    Boundary    Falls  smelter, from two to  three  cars   of  ore being the daily shipment.  Following are 'lie ore shipments  received at the Trail smelter for the  week ending March 30 as reported  by the Trail Creek News :  Tons  Centra Star  2192  KOOTENAY  ��� B I  COFEEE CO.  }��!^&^^!��$00��%.  vy ar iiiag 1 e �����   Iron Mask  ���..���-i...  B. C...............................  Monitor....    Ivan hoe  .'.   Goodenough........   North Star. ...  Bosun.,.........  H. A. Wright.........  London Gold Fields  ��� ���*(��������� �����������������  # ��������������<  ��� ��������������  .���      ���������*���*���������    ���������������;  ���Fr��m Bosun Landing  J3(.'oLI'l ����������������� ������������*�����  ��������� ������  From New Denver  riart ney. ���....... ��� .....����� ��� ���  From Silverton  Hewett...  From Enterprise Landing  Xun isr on ot?. ��� ..������������������������������������������� ...  From Slocan City;  Arlington   Two Friends...   Black Prince,.   Bondholder.....................  \j 11 fl�� \) IC(X \x ��� ��� ��� ��� '��� ��� ��� ��� t ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ���  ��������������������������  718  i32|  786i  130  67  40  29|  45i  20  l'8.i  2i  Total.  ��� ��� ��� �� ��� ���  418U  ^26  V  120  840  40  60  50  ; 15  Speculator       20  Total  1991  Notice to Delinpuent Co-Owner.  To Hiram S. Sweet, or to any person or persons to whom he may have transferred his  interest in the Montana mineral clainv situated about three miles north from' Cres-  to'n, and recorded in the Recorder's Office for  the Goat River Mining Division :  "iou are hereby notified that we have expended four hundred dollars in  labour and  im.provem.ents in order to hold said .mineral  claim  under the provisions of the Mineral  Act, and if .within ninety days from the date  of this notice you fail or refuse to contribute  your proportion of such expenditure together  with all cost of advertising, your interest in  said claim will become the property of the  subscribers, under section 4 of an Act entitled  an Act to amend the Mineral At, 1900.  Dated this 81st day of December, 1900.  John F; Wilson,  ,7 T3NNIEE . (iiP ATJLDING!,  Tan 2-1 By her attorney in fact  Samuel Lovatt  Dealers  in  offee Roasters  nd Coffs  We are offering at. lowest prices the best  grades of Ceylon, India, China and Japan  Teas..'.'."  Our Best .Mocha and Java Coffee per  pound. ��   -10  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. ..... 1 00 \  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds........ I '00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds......... 1 00{  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds  , 1 00 [  Special Blend Ceylon .xea, per piund.    ;<0 I  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.-  TEMY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O, Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET, ...NELSO'i  sssn^g^^sga^s"  Vancouver and MelSon  VICTORIA STREET  Near P.h'air Hotel NELSON,   B.C.  now is ti-ie time  ��' FALL AMD WINTER SUITS  DIRECT   ROUTE  EAST  Toronto  Ottawa .  Montreal  Boston  Halifax  New York  WEST  Vancouver  Victoria  Skagway  Seattle  Portland "  San Francisco  VIA  SOO LINE  F. X SOU  MANAGER FOR E. SKINNER,  Announces Large Importations of  Scotch and Irish SERGES, TWEEDS, WORSTEDS AND  TROUSERINGS.  THE OLD STAND, BAKER STREET  Nelson opera house  april i5th, 1901  AND HER CONCERT COMPANY  n\  To St Paul and Chicago  Dining Cars  First-Class Sleepers  Tourist Cars  nHPAKTUKKS NELSON AHWVA.LS  5,00      > Kootenay Landing Steamer j     17.00  Dully  I        Crow's Nost Route,       f   Dully  8,00  Ex Sun  0,00  Ex Sun  18,'M)  Dully  Rowland and Boundary   I     22,10  Creole Section J Ex Sun  Slocan City, Slocan Lako  f      14.-10  Points and Sandon        |. Ex Sun  Bossluncl, Coin nib la Bivoiv     22,10  Points, oonnootlnK Upvol-J   Dully  j   stoko with main Lino      (  1.0,00      \S, S.   Kokanoo   for Kaslof      11,00  Ex Sun /   and Intormocllafco Points  lEzSun  EorTlmo Tublos, Rutos, Tlokots apply  ti,L, BUOWN'  City PnHBongor Agont.  J. B. (J ARTE It,  Dlst. Push, Aj?t,,  Nelson,  10, J. OOYLE,  A, G. P. A���  Vancouver,  f)  f&^4MmmI


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