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The Nelson Economist Sep 29, 1897

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 VOL.  I.  NELSON,  B.  C,  WEDNESDAY,,, SEPTEMBER,  29.  NO.    12.  TH E N E L SO N  E CO NO HIST.  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Carley   .. a ...... Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  One Year to Canada and United States.  $2.00  If paid in advance.......'.'  1.50  One Year to Great Britain.  2.50  If paid in advance............:.......  '.'.'....'.'....:......". 2 00  Remit by Express,  Money  Order,  Draft,  P. O.  Order,  or  Registered Letter.' ,���  Correspondence on.matters of general interest respectfullv  solicited.    .  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL  COMMENT.  There can be no doubt that good results will  be attained by the exhibition of British Columbia's mineral resources at the various  expositions at which they have been accorded  space. At the recent Winnipeg exposition  the most attractive collection of ores was, we  believe, that from British Columbia, and in  this display the Kootenays were foremost.  The collection, considerably , augmented, was  forwarded to Toronto, from whence it will be  taken to Montreal, there again to be placed  before the public. Of course the ordinary  individual is no judge of mineral : the sample  which [Strikes him as the richest, may in fact  be the poorest in the whole collection, but  nevertheless, such displays can scarcely fail to  attract attention to the districts from whence  they come. It would have enabled those who  took an interest in the mineral departments of  these expositions or fairs, if the ores were not  alone classified, but that an idea were given  in every instance of their value.  And speaking of the value of ores, the subject is one which, under existing circumstances, it is often difficult to satisfactorily  determine. The every-day prospector or mine  operator is too prone to select the very best  sample he can lay his hands on���perhaps a  piece weighing a few ounces, which may be  selected from a ton of rock. This is submitted  to an analyst, and invariably a-high assay is  obtained. But this is not by any means a fair  assay, inasmuch as the sample is not an average sample. Men who adopt such tactics  deceive themselves and deceive the public, and  newspapers publishing these exaggerations offhand do the country more harm than good. It  would, perhaps, be interfering with the rights  of individuals to make it compulsory on the  part of assayers to set forth in their reports  the quantity of ore submitted to them in   each  instance, and whether they applied the quartering system in making their test. However,  it would be a source of satisfaction if such a  rule were adopted.  And while on this subject we might say  that a very general feeling prevails that the  time has arrived when there ought to be  official sampling works established in this  Province. The advantages to be derived from  such works would be incalculable, while at the  same time they could be made self-supporting,  if riot indeed a source of revenue to the country. At present there is a suspicion, unfounded it may be, that the assayer who gives  a ��� ���.   '     'D a :  the highest per centage is the one who does  the biggest business. We have known of  cases in which samples of ore knocked off  the same piece were submitted to different  assayers and in no two instances were the  returns alike. It is,- of course, quite possible  that in each instance the figures given were  absolutely correct, but nevertheless, the ten-  dence is to raise a doubt in the mind of the  party submitting the samples for analysis.  With government sampling wrorks operating  the case would be different. The officials  employed in such establishments would be  men of undoubted ability���thoroughly disinterested. They woulc1 see to it that fair sized  samples were submitted and that a thorough  analysis be made. Such a report would be  accepted as official, and would save a great  deal of trouble and expense which under present circumstances are incurred. A fair  charsre would be made in each case���such a  charge as would be sufficient to cover expenses. In Australia such a system as here  suggested has been in operation for years and  has proved a great success.  Wonderful are the discoveries of science.  The latest is sugar light. A sweet old scientist claims that light may be produced from  sugar, and avers that he has taken several  photographs by this light only. The sugar is  exposed to sunlight for a couple of hours, and  then placed in a dark room when the stored-  up light at once begins to glow, faintly at first  but quite brightly after a few minutes. Two  hours' exposure to sunlight and the sugar will  illumine a srood sized room for twice that  space of time. Perhaps some of our readers  will try the experiment (if there are no small  boys around) and we shall be happy to give  publicity to their report on the subject���without mentioning names.  it goes on to speak of the sanitary precautions  now being taken, a The letter of our, Rossi and  coi respondent in last week's issue of The  Economist would go to prove that the much-  vaunted " sanitary precautions " are not what  they might be. It cannot be contended that  there is any public sewerage system in operation there or any means of disposing of refuse  matter ; and how a city, claiming from 6,ooo  to 7,060 inhabitants can be ' 'a veritable health  resort" under such circumstances is more  than the ordinary health seeker can comprehend. In fact.the favorite avowal of the  Rosslander is ''I am not here for my health."  If the city will but carry "out the suggestions  made by Dr. George Duncan, secretary of the  Provincial Board of Health, then indeed,  Rosslanders may enjoy all the benefits of.the  air that is " sweetened bya passing through  evergreen pines,'' and ' 'full of life-giving  ozone."  The Bank of England is a  national   institution���one of the greatest financial concerns in  the world���and when it announces its willingness to maintain one-fifth of its bullion reserve  in silver, it is safe to assume that the management know   what   they   are   doing.      Such a  decision would  never   be   arrived   at   without  due consideration.     The  Banking Act of 1884  makes it optional with banks to hold one-fifth  silver as a reserve   against   the  circulation   of  notes, but in availing themselves of this option  the directors have incurred the censure   >f the  Clearing House Association���a   ver3'   influential body   of  financiers.       The    question    of  bimetallism is thus again brought into prominence, so that we may expect   a   very animated  and interesting discussion.      There appears to  be   a marked   advance   in   the   ranks   of  the  silverites in the Old Country,   and   a   general  public sentiment in favor of having the matter  thoroughly    and   impariatally   thrashed   out.  When such distinguished men   as   those   who  composed   the    late    agricultural   commission  recommend   bimettalism    as   a   palliative   for  agricultural   depression     in   England,     it    is  evident that their   finding   will   influence   the  tillers of the soil at least.     Nor must it be forgotten that the British parliament stand   practically pledged to a measure to secure   a staple  par of exchange between gold and silver.  " A veritable  health   resort,"   is   what   the  Rossland Miner declares that city to   be,   and  A correspondent signing himself " U. C."  asks our opinion on the school tax. " U. C."  says he has lived in British Columbia for a  year, that he is an unmarried man, that he  has " travelled the world over " and tnat this  is   the   only   country in  which  he   has   been  ivttma>u>��llMii,Mi^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  called upon to pay school tax. He thinks it  unjust and courts " the pourfull enfiewence of  the economist " to have "the thing set rite."  We see that " U. C." has not been brought up  in a county possessing the advantages of free  ��� education, and think that having escaped a  just tax so long, he ought not now ; "kick"  because called upon to contribute his quota to  a worthy cause. The education system of  Canada, and more particularly that of British  Columbia, is,the env^a of the countr}' from  which we suspect " U. C." hails.  V\  Will the Opposition please state whos is the  leader of their party.���-Rossland Miner. -  We are glad the Miner has asked the   question.     It is pertinent,,relevant   and   perfectly  in   order.    The   Economist   takes   pride   in  being able to answer the all-absorbing .query,  and placing the editor of the Rossland Miner in  a. position to combat the leader of the   Provincial Opposition with all the destructive force of  his virile   and  a^ersatile   pen.     It   is   all   well  enough to fight the Opposition as a  collective  force, but in crder to obtain the best and  most  lasting results it is absolutely necessary to take  ah occasional fling  at   its   leader.     In   fact, to ;  our wa^aof thinking, once destroy   the   leader,  and it is'only a matter of  time   until   the   followers are plunged, into inextricable confusion  and     rendered      incapable     of     accOniplish-  ius:    anvthhis:   to   soeak   of.     Therefore,    as  we have  before  pointed   out, it is a condition  of success that a paper should know the leader  'of the party it is fighting, and   once   it  is   indicated   to  the   Rossland  Miner   who   is   the  leader of the iniquitous Opposition, or the "reform"   part3^���which is   the   same   thing���-we  pledge our credit  that  there   will be a cutting  and   slashing    before   which     an    Opposition  leader   will -bite   the   dust.     In  revealing the  identit3r of this heaven-bom leader, we are not  in a position to state that he is still the   friend  and counsellor of the other member of the "reform " party���Hon. D. W, Higgins���but that  he is, or was, the leader, there is  no   room for  doubt, since he himself admitted it.     Hats off,  gentlemen, while we present  the leader of the  Opposition-���the  man   in   whose fertile   brain  originated the, scheme   of  a great " reform "  party���the   man    who   wrung    his   hands   in  agoiw and despair and called upon the warlike  Mr. Bostock to lead the people of this province  out of a condition of  "inexorable   misrule" ���  who likened the gentle  and  unassuming Los-  tock to Moses the patriarch ;  hats   off,  gentlemen, while we announce the name of the leader  of the Opposition���Charles E. Race, editor   of  the Rossland Miner, who until a  few claA-s ago  held a similar position on the Nelson Miner.  Creek-���a distance of 138 miles. From Telegraph Creek there is. a pack trail of 62 miles,  constructed by our local government. This  trail ultimately comes out at the head of Dease  Lake, in the Cassiar district, from which point  the Yukon can be easity reached by Laird River or Teslin Lakea The C.P.R. have now in  the field a party of surve3:rors under Mr. Du-  chesnay, who are looking over the ground from  Glenora, on the Stickeen River, to the head of ,  navigable waters on the Yukon, with the ob- .  ject'of constructing a standard guage line of  rail. It is to be hoped the work -will be prosecuted with energy, so that we may have an  all-Canadian route to Canada's great gold  fields. \ '.'.:.  Last week we, adverted to the duplicny of  certain merchants in being gathered in by  fakirs, instead of conducting their business in  accordance with strictly legitimate methods.  When the article was written. V\^e had no suspicion that our own chy was infested with a , horde . of those nondescript vagrants, arid that merchants  and others were being cajoled and intimidated  by the stand-and-deliver methods of tfeose rascals. We are not disposed to dictate to business men how they should spend their money,  but we do sa3^ that eve^ cent spent in this way  is so much thrown awa3'. It never returns to  the merchant through an3r channel, but is car-,  ried out of the ccaintr3T by the vampires, who  add insult to inju^ ba^ Laughing at their victims. The Economist is not making a special  plea on its own behalf. This paper has. just  about as much patrona^ as its present needs  demand, but it does pledge its credit with the  public that every cent expended in advertising  in this paper, outside of its account for blank  paper, will again find its wa3~ into the regular  channels of local commerce, and the same tnay~  doubtless be said of the ether papers in Nelson. The advertising fakir, who is here to-  cla3* and awa3^ to-mcrrow, is entitled to no  more consideration than the vagrant who is  put on the stone-pile to. work. As far as the  prosperity of the town is concerned, the fakir  is worse than the tramp���the former takes  mone3' out of the place, while the poor unfortunate pilgrim of the read is satisfied if he gets  enough to eat and drink  during   his   sojourn.  It is reported that the Canadian Pacific Rail- |  wa3T  people   are considering   a  plan by which j  the3' hope to secure aud control the traffic that !  passes over Canadian soil to the Yukon.       As j  a  starter,   it   is contemplated to  inaugurate a j  steamship service from Victoria   to  the mouth j  of the Stickeen river.     From the report of Dr. j  i  Dawson,   of the  Geological Surve3a   it would j  appear that the Stickeen is navigable for stern- \  wheelers   from   Rothse3'   Point   to   Telegraph '  The agitation recently- started in favor of establishing a mint in Canada is one which is  deserving of everA' support. There is no reason why our gold and silver should be sent out j  of this co'unfty to be converted into coin. It  may not be generally known, but it is nevertheless a fact, that there was a mint in operation in New Westminster in 1S77. It was  closed up try Sir James Douglas, governor of  the united colonies, iu the hope of alla3~ing the  jealous3* then existing between Victoria and the |  roval citv. - Some of the coins there struck are j  still held and treasured 03* collectors. During I  the fifteen years ending 1886, $3,462,114 in  silver and $242,525 iu copper was coined for  Canada in England. The charges of the ro3ral  mint amounted to $102,863, anci f��r handling  the copper a Birmingham firm received $24,252,  or a total of $-128,115 for the fifteen years. All  this could have been saved had there been a  .mint in this country. It is computed that there  is at least $20,000,000 in foreign gold circulating in this country?' which could be advantageous^ replaced by Canadian gold coin. , We  hope the agitation will be continued until the  desired object : is attained, and that when a  site for the mint is being selected we will be iu  a position to show that there is no more favorable location than Nelson.  The Tribune and  the Miner are displa3nng  some enterprise in the publication of two complete histories of Nelson.      When rival papers  go into matters of this kind there is usually a  wide difference of  opinion   as  to    '' historical  facts.''      The Miner's histo^ claims that Mr.  Sproat discovered Nelson, while the Tribune is  just as positive that Ma3^or Houston and a few  others located the town.     The Miner says Mr.  Selous was a contractor in the early da3^s, while  the Tribune sa3^s the first contract   Mr. Selous  took in -the   place was to carry A. J.   Mark's  trunk from the wharf, like as'if that  had an3^  interest for the  public.     There is also a difference as to where James Gilker opened his store,  and whether or not Hume's   store was the se-,  cond cabin erected in Nelson.     These are ve^  important   matters,   no doubt,   but  there is a  question as to whether the3^  possess   much information for the general reader.       As to the  truth of the   "records,"   there is a general impression among  the   old-timers   that the Tribune's histo^ is the most authentic.       As far  as The Economist   is   concerned,   it   has  no  desire to espouse the cause of either "historian"  St. Barbe or " historian " Collins,   although it  has always had a   well-defined   suspicion that  Nelson was discovered hy either Pat Russell or  Rod Tolmie.     Would it not be a wise move to  establish an historical society in Nelson ? The  " records " might be kept in some public place  wrhere the people might   drop   in   occasionally  and make changes to suit themselves.  When the Ameer's letter wTas published de-  nying all responsibility for the rising on the  frontier, it was stated that several passages had  been supressed for diplomatic reasons. A rumor is now in circulation that the unpublished  portion of this interesting communication contained a hint that an increased subsidya and  that boon which the Ameer has long desired���  direct representation in London���would be  welcomed b3T him. Lord Roberts was, therefore, not far wrong in attributing to Abdur  Rahman a disposition to profit by the present  troubles, even if he did not take active sides  with Britain's enemies. It is prett3' certain  that tee Indian Government will not consent  to be blackmailed, however full their hands  may be at the present time, for an all3' whose  friendship depends upon the size of his subsid3r  is worse than no alhr at all.  The Vancouver World of last week paid its  respects to The Economist in just about as  strong language as is generally permissable in  a newspaper office. We will assume that The  Economist is everything alleged, and that the  msmmtm timmmmmwmi^sssmmmmmm^immsmSim'S^sagaS^I^  ,4.   ���.4.4ft   4H.14LU      44.   ^.     4   ^V4-l   ,    VV.    ^ 4. ^,    ^ J - ) , J���I -~ ^   '   '    ~   ' ~ _.___, q  ~ -^  _ ...  , U i i ^l      tIiCU       LI i K,    ii I  nir-i ill I ~TT"***"-'-TI'"T rf-'TL"L'" '" Jfl'l"'V"-"r'-'1' THE NELSON ECONOMIST  33  publisher of this paper  " has his price,"  as is  stated  by  the World ;   but why  should McLagan be the accuser ?     The Economist remarked a few weeks ago that it was not on record where the publisher of the World   "ever  fought  anybody or an3^thing while there was.  something to be gained by keeping quiet."  We  took    no    creditc to   ourselves for   originality  in making this statement,   and the fact was so  well established as to excite no comment from  any source.  Indeed it is well known that such  has always been the case with the publisher of  the World ; but the obligation   to say so has  been so general that no one felt himself bound  in particular to give expression to it.      As we  stated  in   the beginning   of this article, The  Economist  may be all that the World says it  is, and its publisher may be just as black as he  is painted, but the World should have Vacated  its own glass structure   before engaging in its  time-honored custom of throwing stones.    .We  are free to confess our   shortcomings,  but we  most uncompromisingly object to being made a  a garget for a hoan'-headed old sinner like John  ::C. McLagan and his accomplice, O'Brien. The  ��� .publisher of The Economist is not very old,  a\ut he is gifted with a   remarkably good   memory.       For instance,   he can remember long  before   the   publisher   of  the World   and that  most interesting   "cousin "first   reached the  province of British Columbia.    We do not wish  to   detract  from  the   splendor  of  McLagan's  achievements in the interests   of the people of  this province.       We are not unmindful of the  fact  that   the   introduction   of the Waterbur3~  watch into this province was due to the enterprise   of John   Christian  McLagan ; but this  should not afford that gentleman, at least from  a moral standpoint, any special privilege in attacking other people.     The fact is McLagan is  real   mad���he   wants   Senator   Mclnnis made  Lieutenant-Governor so   that   he himself may  get the senatorship.       We repeat what has already been said in nine-tenths of the papers of  this  .province���that   it will   be a bad da3r for  Canada when such men as McLagan are raised  to exalted positions.       Recognition of services  such as those rendered by that   man would be  placing a premium on knavery, ignorance and  hypocrisy.  vk  The report from Ottawa that Sir Charles  Tupper may abandon the leadership of the  Conservative party and be succeeded by Hugh  John Macdonald, son of the late lamented Sir  John A. Macdonald and late member - in the  Dominion house for Winnipeg, will not come  in the nature of a surprise to many Conservatives. It has been realized by Conservatives  ior some time that a change in the leadership  must come sooner or later, and the hope was  generally expressed that the mantle would  fall tfjgon the shoulders of the accomplished  son of the most talented leader that ever led  a political party to victory in this Dominion.  There is no disguising the fact that the last  Dominion election went to the Liberals by  default. Conservatives were as much disgusted with the rank and file of their members as were the Liberals, and the opportunity  presented to weed out the  thistles  was  taken  advantage of. With Mr. Hugh Johni: Macdonald as leader a new order of things will  result. The old fossils will be relegated to  the rear, and young men will take tip the  work where Sir John Macdonald left off. The  name of Macdonald is a name to conjure with-'  in Canadian politics, and under the leadership  of " the son of his father '' the Conservatives  will take heart   and   work,   where   now   they  falter.  The next thing to be done is to   complete a  perfect system of organization   in   every   province   in   the   Dominion���-such   organization  as     resulted    in      the      ignominious     overthrow    of   the   Liberal    incapables    on   the  '.1.7th' of September, 1878.   In British Columbia  we   are   fortunate in    having   men   who   will  interest themselves in building up a new Conservative part3a   We think we ma3^ reasonably  claim that a;majority, of the  talented .men   of  this province   are, still1 in   the   ranks  of that  party, and we have no doubt   they   are   read3;-  now, as Conservatives   have   always, been,  to  sacrifice a little time on behalf of . their   party.  The Liberals will' hold   a   convention   within  the   ,;course   of   a   few   days   at   New   West-  minster,      and      the     Conservatives      should  follow suit.      A promiaent man should be put  forward as president of the provincial   organization, and we know of no   oiiq   better   qualified to fill that position than Mr. W.J. 'iVylor,  the well-known   barrister   of ~ Victoria.      Mr.  Taydor so   far   has   refrained   from  taking an  active part in politics-, but   the   present   seems.  an opportune time for forcing him to the front.  He is popular with all classes and   a   brilliant  debater.     In Mr. 'iVylor the new leader would  find a lieutenant who would hold his own with  any man in the Dominion.     Should it so happen that Mr. Ta3dor could   not   be; persuaded  to, enter   the   political   arena    some one    else  could    be   chosen,  but   in   an3~   event let the  Conservatives of British Columbia  proceed   to  organize at once.      The Liberals have thrown  down the gauntlet, and we greatly mistake if  there is not enough of the old spirit left in the  old party to take it up.      In so far as this district is concerned it will be an   easy  matter to  place it once more in the Conservative column.  A correspondent, who could have saved  himself and The Economist some trouble by  consulting a dictionar3>a asks: "What is the  correct pronunciation of t-r-a-i-t?" In reply,  we may say that the pronunciation of the  word is altogether a question of locality. In  Kaslo, where there is a large American population, the word is pronounced as if it were  written t-r-a-t-e ; but in Nelson, where the  British-Canadian element predominates, the  " classicful pronunciafication of the term " (as  M3rles 11a Cappaleen would say) is believed to  be tra.  There are, perhaps, no more difficult laws to  frame than those designed to govern matters  pertaining to mines and minerals. Ever since  the hardy pioneers of Cariboo made their  own laws and appointed their vigilance committees to uphold respect for person and property-, the Government of the province has been  engaged in enacting   legislation calculated   to  improvematters, and while desirous of having;  the vast mineral wealth  of British Columbiac-  profitably  developed,   it: has been found clini---  Cult to accomplish  tbis^ end.     As  the country^  is prospected, mineral is found in almost every'  section.    Without detracting from the   honor:  and credit  due to   the patient,   long-suffering a  prospector, a general feeling'now prevails that,  the   privileges   accorded   him   are   somewhaf.  more than  he ought   to   have���that   is   wheir.  these privileges are abused.      For instance, as^  the law stands at present a few designing men  may practically tie up miles of mineral countiy '  for an indefinite period.       One   case   in   point:  occurs to us just now,'in w^hich half  a   dozen  men hold almost a \vhole mountain   side,   and.  are likely to hold it, unless the law bechanged-  so as to compel them   to work their claims or,-,  failing   this,    surrender    them.       The    par t3r  alluded to is not composed of practical miners,-.  nor y*et experienced prospectors ; they are men  who have each a little business, on   hand,   and  mining is not their forte.    Yet they manage to  hold this vast   tract   of  rich mineral   ground  without doing   even   their   assessment   work.  The wa3~ the3~ manage   it is this :    A records  a couple of claims; so does B C D, etc.     The3'  hold them for a 3*ear and then simply transfer  or re-record, the one in favor of the other.     Of  course the3' invariably, manage   to   rake   in   a  few hundred dollars for   "interests"   in   their  claims,   and    are.   simply    holding   out   until  such time as neighboring properties shall have  been developed and thus increase the  value of  theirs.    Such a condition of things should not  be possible, but how to   avoid   it   is   the difficulty.      To prevent a prospector from holding  more than one claim would   kill   prospecting,  for there are those.. who   make   prospecting a  business, and to such  men   is   due,   in   man3'  instances, the credit of discoveries wmich have  been the means of establishing   thriving   mining camps.      But   there is a class of  amateur  prospector who " knows it all "   and stakes it  all.       This   is   the   class   that   requires  to be  legislated against.  A paper in a neighboring city* contains a  long letter from an alleged woman in Nelson  who claims to be masquerading in male attire  in order that she may be the better able to  secure work. We are inclined to the belief  that the story is a fairy tale, but we have  heard that the women of the city in which the  paper is published wear the breeches. If one  of these damsels has found her way to this-  highly moral town we believe that the members of our cit3* council will be able to look,  after her.  M. W. McLeod, of Rossland, according to-  rumor, has struck upon a new way to pay- old.  debts. Some months ago he was sued 03- a.  Mrs. Rideout for breach of promise, and a  sympathetic jury awarded the broken-hearted  widow $3,000. McLeod, who is something of  a financier himself, figured it out that it would  be cheaper ip marry the widow than give her  a dowry to marry some other fellow. Thus  ends a romance in which there were enough  tears shed to supply an ordinary sized city  with a complete water system.  tHMUMNXMiMSIBaSUmSm  mmm/mivmrnmrnm^mamsm^smmsmmmm THE NELSON ECONOMIST  THE EXHAUSTED WITNESS.  Written for The Economist.  There was joy mingled with sorrow in  Ballybothereen, county- Galway, when it was  announced that the district wTas about to lose  two of its most popular y^oung people in the  persons of Sergt. Tom O' Leary and Bridget  Mulligan, the charming daughter of the widowed storekeeper. The sergeant and Bridget  were about to be married, and according to  the . rules of the Royal Irish Constabula^  when a member joins the ranks of the Benedicts he is transferred to some other station,  often a remote from that to which his wife  belongs.  Ballybothereen was famous for the excellent  quality of potheen (illicit whisly) which it  turned out. It was a wild, mountainous  country, and in those dark and dreary fastnesses the local distillers plied their remunerative trade in seclusion. Although the  " o-ausrer"  or excise   officer was ever   on  the  ��� o o  alert, the potheen men invariably- managed to  evade his vigilance. a  To say- that the local police, whose dut3- it"  was to put clown these establishments, were  as active as the3* might be, would not be correct. The boys enjoa-ed a " drop of the  cratur " themselves, and w7ere not anxious to  see this home "industry killed. Sergt. Tom  was never, without a drop in the barracks, and  on the .night'of.the wedding the wine of the  county was the favorite refresher.  The daay of parting came, and again the  flowing bowl of potheen was called into  requisition. There was considerable curiosity if not anxiety, as to what: manner of  man Sergt. O'Lea^-'s successor would be.  The good people, however, were not long  kept in suspense. It was officially announced  that Sergt. Flynn, of Balhmanesheagh, was to  take charge of the station. Upon his arrival  the four policemen constituting the force of  the station were called out on parade, and the  new comer gave them the unmistakable  impression that he was a strict disciplinarian.  He had heard of the potheen industry and  with the aid of his " subordinate officers '' was  determined to put it down. He further  cleciared himself a strict tetotaller and hoped  byr precept and example to further the good  cause of temperance in Ballybothereen.  This stas-o'ered the bovs not a little.    Would  they be expected to inform on their old friends,  the potheen men, whose hospitalit\- and liber-  ality   they    had   so    long,   enjo\-ed ?     Never!  though the bung drop out of the keg.  ���-.   Sercrt.    Flvnu    started    upon    his    potheen   I  crusade with   a   vigor   worth}-   of so good   a   }  cause.      That very  night all hands,   with the   j  exception'of the barrack orderly, started on a  potheen   hunt. '-    The   men led the sergeant a  very liot chase, in. the course   of  which   they  .knowingly   passed -.at least   two   well-known  spots where' the worm and still   were at .work.  Returning next morning Flvnn   censured   the  men for their"-, ignorance   of the   country and  insinuated that he " smelt a rat." ���  A couple of nights afterwards he went out  single handed. In passing a road side cabin,  he divined that there wras   considerable   mirth  within,   because they  were   singing.      Flynn  was not so dense that he  could  not  guess  at  eggs if he saw the shells-���but he was near it,  very near it. t  Approaching the cabin stealthily  he   heard  from his hiding place a parody on " The meeting'of the Waters," which ran:  There is not in this wide world a liquid so sweet,  As when sugar, hot water and good potheen meet.  Oh, these rich, joyous odors ne'er from me can depart    '������>.  While the bowl flowing over e'er gladdens the heart.       1  " Ha, ha," ejaculated the sergeant,. "I've  got them now." But he was too late His  presence had been detected and the potheen  was duly stowed away. When he entered he  was given a very- cold- reception, as he announced his mission to be ' '.. still, '' hunting.  Needless to say there was nothing found on  the premises but the odor of potheen punch���  and upon such evidence there could be no case  made.  Flynn, however,must   have   got   a   "tip"  from somebody^, for next night   he  headed off  direct to a neighboring "still " where he found  a full keg of,the   illicit   stuff.       He   had   not,  however,    sense   enough  to   seize   upon the  "worm,"   which   is   usually   the  first  thing  done under such circumstances, but contented  himself  with   taking   a   quart   bottle   of   the  potheen, the names of the two men   found   on  the premises and marking the keg.  Returning to the barracks he triumphantly  held up the bottle, and peremptorily ordered  two of the men to go to the place described  and seize upon eve^tbing there. Of course  the3' had to go, but the task to them wTas far  from pleasant. When the3-arrived at the still  the3^ found the keg empty- and that ever3-  app.liance of the business had. been removed-���  just as they expected.  Shouldering the emp'y keg the3^ returned to  the barracks and reported acccrdingl3a The  sereeant was verv wrathv ; but, then, had he  not a boltle of potheen taken frcni this identical keg? Surely that would be sufficient  evidence upon which to secure a  conviction.  Summonses were duly issued and the case  calledTor hearing at the next sitting of the  petty-sessions court. The court room was  crowded, as court rooms always are when this  home industry^ is assailed. Sergt. Flynn was  the first witness put in the box. He detailed  the circumstances under which he became  possessed of the bottle of stuff produced and  satisfied himself that he had established a very  good. case. (But it was when Attorney  O'Donoghue, who appeared for the defence,  took the witness in hand that the good case  began to look a bad one. The la3rwer got  possession of the bottle and handing it back to  the sergeant asked him to smell it and taste it.  The witness took a sniff, but his sense of  smell did not justify him in swearing as to the  contents of the bottle..' He was a strict  teetotaller, he declared, and had a conscientious objection to.tasting an intoxicant.. However, he was ultimately induced to partake of  a little of the stuff, but even then he.-would*'  not swear that it was potheen.-  O'Donoghue, bottle and glass in hand, proceeded to'call..witness after witness for the  defence. Each man who took the stand was  treated to a liberal sample of the liquid   which '  they swallowed with avidity and smacking  their lips declared " I would not swear that  it's potheen."  f It did not take long to exhaust the bottle  and this feat having been accomplished, with  feigned solemnhy, the lawyer asked the prosecutor if he had any further evidence to  produce.  "You've exhausted me witness," was the  sorrowful reply, "and I can't make a ease out  of the bottle with only a smell left in it."  The    announcement     was     received   withy  applause,   which   was   soon,    however,    suppressed, for the "dignity of the court had to be  preserved and the   case   was  dismissed   "for  want of evidence."  Sergt. Flynn left for home that evening a  sad and disappointed man, vowing that the G  next seizure he made he would secure sufficient "evidence." He had not many^ weeks  to wait ere another opportunhy presented  itself; the informer was at work. There was  nothing of the detective about the sergeant,  but when, he was apprised of the exact loca- ,  tion of an article he invariably- got at it. He  ascertained that a keg of potheen had a resting place in the loft of one Tim Flahert3a and  thither he made his way. True enough, the  keg was there,������ duly charged with the desired  liquor, and it stood on ends. Dispatching a  messenger to the barracks for. assistance, the  sergeant keptWatch over the keg, but while  thus engaged an auger hole through the ceiling into the vessel enabled those below to  relieve it. of its contents long before the desired  help arrived.  When   Sub-Constable   p'Farrell     and   his  companion arrived on the   scene,   a  rope was  secured, the keg turned over and duly lowered.  '' Be careful, boys '' cried the sergeant, �� 'and  don't ye let it shlip, for 'tis full of the   cursed  stuff."  "The devil a drop is in it   at   all   at   all,"  .chimed in O'FarreH.  " Do ye mane to tell me that me witness is  exhausted agin?" cried the sergeant in dis-  maya as he proceeded to examine the keg. It  did not take long to convince him that such  was the case: The broad smile on the faces  of those who witnessed the scene convinced  the policeman that he had been badly- fooled.  The stor3' got out and things were made so  hot for Sergeant Flynn that he applied for  and obtained a change of station.  His successor winked at a good deal of the  home industry., so that Ballybothereen still  enjoyed a reputation as the headquarters for  prime "mountain dew."  When the sergeant left the local poet produced the following, which the boys used to  sing, with great gusto whenever they assembled : .  Here's a health to ye, ould 3ergeanl iaynu,  ���      iropin' you'll nivcr come visit agin,  ���   Mav the stripes on yer arm,  !   Pos'sessin' their charm,  Keep ye away from ourselves and all sin.  Here's a health to-ye, hearty and true.  For to give the ould fellow his due,  With potheen galore  Ri��-ht foment his own-door,  He never could manage to get the right clue.  -'���'���*���-rf..  Here's a health to ye, sergeant a vie,  Mav ye alwaysbe hear.tyy and never be sick  ! "While a-drop of the cratur,  The gift oi kind na'tur.--   .  Is'made near the station within yer distric.  ���:;������'���'���������   C.  Deix-Smith.  ����iii.��^i��aa^!Paagig��SiBM^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  ROSSLAND RECORDS.  i  a  ��>l#  a (Special Correspondence of The Economist^  There has been a bit of a stir, in business  generally during the past .week, and a more  hopeful feeling seems to pervade in consequence. Every branch of trade has been overdone in the past, but now there is a, gradual  weeding out of the smaller fry in process, with  the result that the old established houses doing  a leeritimate business   have the   trade  coming  back.     But still the auctioneer's bell is   heard  a-ringmg  and  goods   are   knocked   down   at  almost any price that offers. This, however,,  will soon be at an end ���and the sooner the  better. Competition is dangerously keen in  many branches. The latest innovation is a,  fifteen cent restaurant.  A few months asro one could not throw  away a cigar stump and not hit a mining  broker, so numerous was the fraternity7, but  to-day7 there would be little clanger of such a  calamity7. The departed gentry in most  instances have left behind them many sorrowing friends whom they deluded into purchasing stock in companies now defunct, and many  aaaawbick from their very inception were hope-..  iass undertakings. I am constantly receiving  letters of enquiry as to what is being done on  certain properties in which the writers have  taken stock, and have too frequently to G.reply  that the information is. not obtainable, there  ���being no representative here of the companies  named. The.recent legislation rendering it  cornpulsoryr to register, to keep an office and a  set of books open for the inspection of stockholders, has had the desired effect-���it has  killed wild-cat schemes ; at least it has done  much to accomplish this end. There are at  present in the camp some mining companies  which I am disposed to think will die out with  the year of grace 1897. It would be a decided  benefit to the camp if some of these properties  were to fall into better hands.  It is rumored that the City of Spokane mine  -will be again operated, and that in the near  future. Considerable work has been done on  this property, owned by7 the Horne-Payne  syndicate, but at the time it was shut down,  some months ago, it was wThispered abroad  that nothing good had been found there. The  R. E. Lee, Homestake, Ma37flower and that  group situated to the south of the city-, will  also, it is reported, be started up again, the  propert37 having fallen into the hands of an  English S37ndicate who seem determined to get  some return for their mone37 as soon as possible. There is good machine^7 on the ground.  Several other properties are said to be on the  eve of opening up again. It seems, however,  that as soon as one opens up another closes  down, so that there are alwa3'S a host of idle  men in the camp. The Columbia and Kootenay, which it was thought would ��� be vigorously and steadify worked, is again practical^7  idle, while the War Eagle people are contenting themselves with the knocking clown of a  little ore and storing it in the stopes. There  is practically7 but one good shipping mine in  the camp���the Le Roi. When such mines as  the Iron Mask and Centre Star send but sixty  or sevent3r tons each per week to the smelter  it.is a small business. Of course what this  camp requires is cheap transportation and  cheap smelting, and until we get these. Rossland will not become the populous, thriving  city which we all wish to see.  Puaotm time to time we have had in town  parties who claimed to be able to treat the  refractory ores of this section at from $2 to  $3 per ton. These gentlemen appeared to be  ver3- enthusiastic at the time, but some how or  *��� other, they'have "not turned up again to demonstrate their, S3rstem. There are thousands  of tons of low grade ores now dumped, which  might be handled profitably if -they' could be  treated at even $5 or $6 per ton. ' However,  in many of. the leading laboratories of the  world experiments are being made with the  ores of the camp, and no doubt some method  will be devised of successfully treating them at  a low cost. We have In Rossland a large  contingent of the "blue aaiin" element, but the  inore observant and level-headed are sanguine  as to the ultimate prosperity of the camp.  Rossland'will' go ahead, not by leaps and  bounds, but steadily- and surely. It may take  a few 3Tears-���but she'll get there.  In my last communication I alluded- to the  lack of school accommodation here.. I am now  happy to be able to say that provision has  been made to-improve, matters in this particular. A letter from Gel. Baker, Minister .of  .Education, to the chairman of the^ school  board-makes the pleasing announcement that  the government has succeeded in obtaining in  the railway addition to Rossland a site for a  graded, school, and will increase the present  grant of $4,000 to $6,000 to cover the expense  of building. Col. Baker also announces that  the government is willing to pa37 $275 each  for the additional lots recommended b37 the  school trustees as soon as the deeds for same  be forwarded to the lands and works department. No time will be lest in getting the  11 ew building under wa3a Already competitive  plans have been called for, and our local  architects are busity engaged on the work.  The school trustees, as well as the public  generally, are well pleased with the action of  Col. Baker, who has done everything possible  to comply7 with their wishes.  Father Pat's (Rev. Irwin) free librae at  the Episcopal church is becoming ver37 popular. The libraiy is open from early morning until midnight, and is well supplied with  reading matter, free writing material and  eveiything calculated to make it attractive.  The reading room is proving a great boon to  the communit3a especially- to 3'Oimg men  whose homes are not iu Rossland.  A part3' of C.P. R., officials consisting of R.  Marpole, superintendent of the Pacific division ; H. J. Cambie, chief engineer, and C. E.  Perr3', resident engineer in West Kootemna  were in town during the week. The object  of the visit is to look over the ground and  make such arrangements as ma3r be deemed  advisable for the running of C. P. R. trains  into Rossland, provided the company decide  upon building their own line here. Mr. Mar-  pole expressed the determination  of  his   com  pany to fulfil the promise of Vice President  0'Shaughness3r, that Rossland would be provided with railway facilities as speedier as  possible. It looks as- if the C. P: R. mean  business. Mr. Marpole \voulcl not.say if an3a  negotiations are pending between his company and the Columbia & Western.  /a   -  '���'   ;V Barney.  ���man^s'dan^erqius- age.  It is a singular tact, 37et one substantiated .by  statistics, that most crime is committed in New  York State D37 men 29 37ears old.     This is   not  only true of the lesser but also   of the   greater  crimes, although a man is presumed   to   be   at  that period of his life not only In the zenith   of  his -.'physical,' but also in full aud complete possession of his mental powers, with a   complete  appreciation   of right   and   wrong   aud   their  respective consequences.     This condition   is   a  problem which   has- not, been   solved  by   the  student of .criminology,' and one which is made '  the more complex b}7 the fact that the ages   of  '2.i,' 27 and 45 }rears nearby7 equal it,   with   the  intervening 3^ears showing a far less percentage  of crime.     It is indeed peculiar that the   criminal tenclenc37 should be so strong   at   29   with  no such inclination, so far--as criminal statistics  '.show, in as great a degree for   the   succeediug  16 37ears, and then anoi-her outburst of the animal in man.      This condition is   found   to   be  true; by actual   figures,   and   as   all   statistical  computations at which average conditions   are  sought to be determined are arrived at by7   this  method, so may7 the student of this   subject, as  well as the insurance   magnate,  who bases   on  the p-eneral average of losses in   proportion to  the risks taken,   and does so   with full   safety,  etnpky it in solving the problem   before   him.  Charles K. Baker, chief clerk to Police Superintendent Lathrop, of Albany, N. Y., has made  this subject one of close stud}7,   and   will   soon  have completed a table showing this to be true.  He   has    already7   completed   one   relative   to  murderers serving life  seuteuces in   the   penal  institutions, and its figures bear out the general  conclusion.     He offers at this time no   explanation for this, but hopes after he has exhausted  the subject, so far as^the presentation of figures  are concerned, to be able to   set   forth   reasons  why these 37ears should be   productive   of the  most crime.     The following figures show how  old the various muderers who are now serving  life sentences were when   the37   committed   the  act for which the}- are serving   time,   together  with how man}7 like crimes were committed at  such specific 3-ear of  age:   Fifteen,  1;  sixteen,  1 ;   seventeen,    2 ;   eighteen,   2;   nineteen,    1 .  twenty,    2 ;   twenty-one,    8 ;    t\vent37-two,   9 ;  twenty-three, 6 ;   twenty-four, 5 ;   twenty-five,  8 ; twenty-six,  10 ;   twenty-seven,  it ; twenty-  eight, 7;  twenty-nine,   12;   thirty,    5;   thirty-  one, 6 ; thirty-two, 7 a thirty-three, 6 ;   thirty-  four, 6 ;  thirty-live, 7 ;   thirty-six,   6 ;   thirty-  seven, 3 ; thirty-eight, 5 ; thirty-nine, 4 ; forty,  5 ; forty-one, 3 ; forty-two,   3 ;   forty-three   6 ;  forty-four, 3 ; forty-five, 7 ; forty-six,  1 ; forty-  seven,  t ;   forty-eight, 3 ;   forty-nine, 2 ;   fifty,  r ; ���fifty-one,   o;   fifty-two,   2 ;   fifty-three,    2 ;  fifty-four,  o;   fift}--five,   2;   fifty-six, o ;   fifty-  seven,  1 ; fifty-eight, o ; fifty-nine,  1 ; sixty, o ;  sixty-one,    1 ;   sixty-two,   o ;   sixty-three,    r ;  sixty-four,     1 ;     sixty-five,    o ;   sixty-six,   o ;  sixty-seven,  1 ; sixty-eight,   1 ;   sixty-nine, o ;  seventy, 1 :  **_=ji_  miimmnmMJMm��ijiui)iMB��a^ li  ���&**?^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  MINING   NOTES.  An assay of $100 to the ton is reported from  the Little Joe,  near Trail.  The Slocan Star mill has resumed operations and is now running full blast. ,:  The Royal-Gold'Co. which ownsaar, group  on Grouse mountain, are said to have made  a find of free gold.  The Jennie, Ainsworth and No. 5, adjoining the Highland mine at Ainsworth, have  been sold to an English S37ndicate for $15,000.  The Queen Bess mine, near New Denver,  has been purchased b37 Ca K. Millbourne for  an English syndicate. The price is said to be  $150,000.  The new tramway for the Payme mine, near  Sandon, is ��� hearing completion. It will be  about a mile and a half in length and will  have three tracks.  Work on the Eighteen Karat placer  group, near Grand Forks, has been stopped on  account of lack of water. Operations will not  be renewed until spring.  The ore shipments from Rcssland last week  aggregated 1,760 tons. There were only  three shippers-���the Le Roi, 1,650; Iron Mask,  60, and Centre Star 50 tons.  Smelter propositions are still being discussed;  in Vancouver, aiid it is believed the chy council will give the   Remington  Co.   a   bonus   of  $100,000, at the rate of $ 1 per ton.  The Silvertonian claims that the mines of  Silverton alone can produce sufficient ore to  keep all three of the smelters in British Col-  umbia running steadily day and night.  The ten stamp mill at the Fern mine, on  Hall creek, will, it is expected, be in full  swing earlv next week. The tramwav and  concentrator are now in working order.  A partial breaking in of some of the supporting timbers in the upper works of the Slocan  Star, and a caving iu of earth, has necessitated  a partial closing down of the mine, pending  repairs.  A meeting of the committees of the   Northwest Mining Association was held, at Spokane  yesterday   evening.      The   annual meeting of  the association takes place  two  weeks   hence.  The Last Chance and group, located on  Noble Five mountain, has been sold, the consideration being $225,000. Scott McDonald,  manager of the Payne, and Mr. Beggerstaff,  acting presumably for the McCunes, are the  purchasers.  The British Columbia Bullion Extracting  Co. intend resuming operations on the reduction works recently erected on the line of the  Red Mountain Railway, at the O. K. mill  near Rossland. It is claimed the}' will be able  to handle $6 ore with a  profit.  The Slocan City News says that development work on the different claims in the district continues without abatement, and that in  every instance the showings improve as depth  is attained. The demand for mining properties is brisk, but claims must be developed  before a satisfactory deal can be made.  THE CITY GOUNCIL.  The regular meeting of the city council was  ���held on Monday, Sept. 27th. There were  present His Worship the May^or, and Aldermen Dow, Malone, Hillyer and Teetzel.  A letter was read from Mr. Joshua Davies,  managing director of the Nelson City Laud  and Improvement Co., apprising the council  that they are trespassing upon private property in taking water from Anderson creek,  making ditch and laying pipes, as well  as building reservoir, arid setting forth  that unless official recognition be made of the  private rights of the company, within seven  days from date, and an undertaking given to  pay for right of wayr, etc:,- " I shall be compelled to proceed as I may be advised by my  solicitor." ��y  The rmayor said that it might be necessary7  to expropriate the land. They could not now  say exactly7 how much land would be required.  After some discussion the matter was left in  hands of the may^or to attend to.  A communication was received from the  Lands and .Works department, informing the  council that the owners of lot 96 are considering the right of way over that property.  W. Sutherland wrote offering his services as  inspector of public works.  The mayor expressed the opinion that such  an appointment ought to be made. It would  be better to spend a couple of hundred dollars  and be assured of the fact that proper materials  were being used and that the work was being  satisfactorily7 done. The sewerage works were  proceeding and pipe laying .would commence  at once.  His Worship was authorized to appoint an  inspector.  W. C. McLean & Co. wrote offering the  services of their tapping machine for testing  mains, etc., during sewerage construction. It  was decided to call for tenders.  Messrs. Brackenridge & Lund, waterworks  contractors, requested an extension of time for  the completion of their contract. Their com-  munication set forth that they had had a sufficient amount of lumber on hand to complete  the flume, but that the city7 engineer objected  to some of the material, and they7 were consequently7 obliged to order another lot. Then  again, there was a good deal of blasting to be  done which was not at first anticipated; also  the water running into the reservoir had been  a serious trouble to them.  The mayor suggested, that the communication be referred to the Board of Works, so  that it might be ascertained if the extension  of time asked for wrould effect the contract.  The suggestion was adopted.  A. E. Hodgins, chy engineer, sent iu a bill  of $866.66 for services rendered, which was  referred to the finance committee.  Among other accounts sent in was one of  $3.90 for dog tags. The ma37or explained  that the3r ran out of dog tags and had to send  for another lot.  Aid. Teetzel���" Phy   we  didn't run   out of  received, some of which  were   ordered  to   be  paid and others referred  t >  the  finance com-  ; mittee.! '.  The mayor drew, attention to an application  for the laying of a sidewalk on Vernon street  from A. McDonald & Co.'s to the Klondyke hotel. The residents would furnish the  lumber if the city would have it laid-���all they  were asked to pay7 for was the labor.  A good deal of discussion ensued, the consensus of opinion being that when the residents on public thoroughfares offered to supply7  the material for sidewalks, the least the city  might do was to have them put down.  'There were three tenders in for the supply  of brick for:sewerage purposes, the lowrest of  which, $12 per thousand, was accepted.  The Electric Light by-law was read a first  and second time.        /  Themayor said it. had been suggested to  him that the percentage of clay in the puddle  used at the reservoir should be increased. At  present 25 per cent. clay is being used, but it  was contended that this was insufficient, considering the sandy condition of the other  material.  Aid; Dow thought it might improve matters  to have the percentage of clay increased. However, the material now being used was satisfactory to him.  The subject was referred to the city engineer,  and the council adjourned until Wednesday  (this) afternoon.  GENERAL NEWS NOTES.  The sealing conference will meet in Wrash-  ins:tbn about the middle of November.  The Duke of York has been given command  of a man-of-war which will visit British Columbia next year.  J. K. Kerr's scheme to corner a number of  the proposed government mining reserves in  the. Yukon has been knocked out.  Another remitance of customs duties has  been received from Collector Davis at Dawson,  making $10,000 in all which he has forwarded  during the 3-ear.  A land slide on the Chilcott pass killed  eighteen men a couple of weeks ago. The  men were packers on the Dyea trail, and only  one of the bodies had been recovered up to the  time of latest news from the district.  The steamer Alki arrived at Port Townsend  last week having on board a number of men  returning from Skagwa}7, who were unable to  cross the pass. The returning gold seekers  report that a great deal of distress prevails up  in that country.  dogs too."  Accounts  amounting  to   $4,404.21    w7ere  John Gillis returned yesterday from Ymir.  He reports times a little quieter than usual in  the mining camps as all the assessment work  has been completed, and the hands are leaving.  Twenty men are working on the Wilcox,  building cabins and getting things in readiness  to put on a full force this winter. The road  is completed all but two small bridges, wrhich  will be finished b37 November 1st.  :���!  '���I i;  .!   I  IMMMIMmMJWlMMWm^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  7  COMMENT AND GOSSIP,  As a patron of amateur sport, I '.-would like  to ask what has become,of the Athletic Club  organized in Nelson last spring... It appears  to have dropped completely out of sight.. The  season for .football is now upon us and- a well-.  conducted athletic club coulddo rnuch to help  oil this sport. In Nelson we" have... some,  excellent play7ers, among others, Mr. ,E. Senkler, of Bowes & Senkler, who has '.played in  several international championship matches.  With a. few others-like Mr. Senkler, Nelson  could get together a team that would strike  terror in the hearts of the Coast teams.     ,:  While there is some doubt as to who discovered Nelson I would like .to put forth the  claims of Bill Plearne. .   In fact, I- am not sure  that Bill did. not discover British Columbia.  ��� , There have bee'n quite a number of gentlea.  rnen, well-known in railway building, in the  city this week. ' This, I understand is con-  .strued as meaning that the C. P. R. entertain  some intentions of engaging in railway7 construction at this point before long.  'Lieut. Perry is about to make another trip  to the Arctic regions in the hope of discovering  the North Pole. He says that he is going to  take a party of Esquimaux with him, as they  can go hungry and know how to get food.  It appears to me that there is a great opening  for men who "know how7 to get food " in  Dawson City at the present time.  The Victoria papers are growling at and  fighting each other to the great scandal.of-that  community. Why don't the editors of the  Victoria papers make a visit to Nelson, and  learn how sweet and blessed a thing it is for  editorial brethren to dwell in peace.  -Tr.  A telegram announces that Land Commissioner Hamilton has left Winnipeg for Golden, B. C, where he- will confer with Hon.  Mr. Baker, minister of mines, regarding the  transfer of lands granted the Crowds Nest Pass  railway, the British Columbia Southern, and  the Columbia and Kootenay railways, of  which corporations he has been appointed  land commissioner. ' Before returning, it is  understood, Mr. Hamilton will decide on the  location of a number of townsites on the railways named.  Vishnu.  Snow fell at Barkerville last week. The  people say that winter has set in.  The ranchers at Lillooet are cutting their  second and in some instances third crop of ha37.  J. W. Follert, who was accidentally shot at  Trail a week ago while out for a da3-'s hunting, died on Sunday.  A report comes from Ashcroft of a big landslide opposite that town, and fear is entertained  that the channel of the Thompson river maybe again choked up and the town flooded. A  similar occurrence took place about seventeen  years ago.  a  LOCAL NEWS  There were no services in the; Episcopal  church on Sunday last, the pastor being  absent attending a conference.  During the vacation of Mr.' A. H. Buchanan,manager of the local branch of the Banlf  6f:M6ntfeal, Mr.: Robt. Rintoul will act; Mr.  Buchanan-leaves for his old home  in  Ouebee.  .- ��� .The. regular meeting of the Ladies' Hospital:  Aid Society will be held on Monday next in  the Presbyterian ch urch. at ,three o' clock." "The  ladies of dSTelson are cordiaDy invited to'attend.  The society is a very7 deserving one and ought  to be warmly supported  A serious accident occurred the ether evening opposite The Economist office. A man  making his way do-wn the hill fell into the  big cut, evidently7 intended as a cellar for some  .house'yet to be erected. The hole is a very  dangerous one and ought to be filled'in, otherwise the owner- of the property or the city will  be mulcted in a substantial sum for injuries  sustained by some unfortunate.  A marriage took place in Nelson on Satuf-;  day .which a will add-.another'.household; to'  Salmo. A "lady hai'ang from.the latter town  arrived 'here on Monday7 in search of her  fifteen-year-old ..daughter who'had disappeared  a couple of clays before. ". It was soon ascertained that,, the your g." lady .had been duly  joined in -wedlock, and the Benedict having  received the blessing of his mother-in-law,  returned to home and duty7.  Mr... Onslow Newling, the contractor for the  Nelson sewerage "works,   has   been,  connected  with railwa}7   and   sewerage   construction   for  many7 37ears.      Twenty7 years   ago   he  was on  the contractor's staff for-the   railway7   between  Liverpool and Preston, Eng.      He   afterwards'  superintended   the   sewering    of  the   cit37   of  Lincoln ���a work   which   cost   over   $400,000.  He was several3rears   in   the   service   of  that  eminent contractor,   the   late   Thos.    Andrew  Walker, wTho success fully- carried out many of  the leading public works in the Old   County.  ' Mr.    Newling-    has    engaged     A.     Wralkey,  who has   had   much   experience   in   sewerage  work in   Victoria  and   elsewhere,   to superin-.  tend the job in Nelson,   and  Jas.   Blackwood,  who has been a trusted emplo37ee of the   Vic-,  toria. council for so long, will see that the pipes  are " well and truly laid."    With the work of  sewering the city in the   hands   of  such   men  the citizens ma37 have, eveiy   confidence   that  the contract will be   carried   out   iu   a   proper  manner.  The editor of the Silvertonian is in custod37  at Silverton on a charge of criminal libel preferred b37 Constable Hamilton. |  Work on the city hall at  Vernon   has   been j  stopped owing to the fact that  no   satisfactor3r j  tender has been received for   the   cit}7   deben- j  tures. i  i  The efforts to pull the steamer Nakusp off i  the beach at Kootena37 rapids have been j  abandoned. The steamer will be raised by ;  means of jack screws and afterwards  launched   j  into deep water.      The   accident   will cost the   I  i  company about $6000 it is computed.        j  LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL  A movement is on foot   at   Golden  for  the ',  establishment of a board of trade, :!�� ' ;    ���,  Owing to the continued   absence   of  Mayor  Manly, the cit37 council of Grand   Porks   have���'.;'.  elected a mayor pro tern. a  C.   P..  R.    locomotive ' engineer   L.   King,  broke his leg.last week through   falling in the  ...round house at North Bend.  .1       *���* ��� T       * '  <:(Atathe Clinton fall assizes last   week   John  Duck was'Sentenced to   ten   3-ears'   imprison-  ''.ftient for shooting Roy Hagan on the   Cariboo  road. i.  Medical..Health Officer F.urrer  recommends  a sewerage system for Kamloops, and suggests  that the sewerage matter' be applied   as a   fertilizer.''--    . '  James Hamilton,"a miner, who attempted  an assault on Mrs. Thps. Rabbett at Granite  creek, was shot by- that-lad}/ and died shortly  afterwards-.       "-"'"��� .   ��� ���  -'    David   McBeath  reports   good  progress  as t  being made on the Slocan river road, and says  that trains will be running from the   Junction  to Slocan,City-within a month. , .'���;  Ehginer-in-chief Lumsden, -of. the G. P. Ra, ;.-  says ...the'���construction road " will   bea completed  over the Crows' Nest Pass road into   the Kootenay valle37 before the;end of.next"month,    /a  The annual thanksgiving services and   har-  ;  vest festival were held at St.   Mark's   churchy  Kaslo, on   Sunday last.      The   sacred   edifice  was appropriately   decorated for the occasion.  The last spike in the Trail-Robson road was  driven on. Monday last, the construction   train  being   the   first', to   pass   over the   rails.       A  . regular passenger service will be   inaugurated  ���as soot as the C. P. R. affords   connections at  Nelson.  ��� In a collision between two freight trains  near Notch Hill, on the. C. P. R-, Brakeman .  George Burndrett was killed and Engineer  Brown and Fireman Hume seriously injured.  Four tramps have been arrested on suspicion  of tampering with one of the trains.  The machinery for the new C. P. R.  steamer Rossland, now being built at Nakusp,  is being put in position, preparatory to' ������ the  launching of the craft. The Rossland is built  on the lines of the Kokanee, but her speed  will be superior���about t6 knots. She will  make a round trip daily between   Robson   and  Arrowhead.  Mr. J. PI. Falconer, deputy supreme chief  ranger I. O. F., and inspector for British Columbia, is organizing a court at Nakusp aud  meeting: with everv success. The new mem-  bers had a very enjoyable entertainment and  dance at Abriel's hall last week, upon which  occasion Bro. Falconer had an opportunity of  setting forth the well-known merits of the  order. A noticeable feature of the evening was  the Scotch dances, the pipes being played by  Alex Beaton, champion of the Pacific coast.  The I. O. F. is the first fraternal organization  to be established in Nakusp. Mr. Falconer  has been appointed inspector for the district  west of Winnipeg by the executive council of  the supreme court, and will no doubt fill the  bill to the entire satisfaction  of all   concerned. 8  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  WOMAN'S KINGDOM  The trials  of beauty are  doubtless very severe, but they are   not a  patch on the trials of a "nice" girl.  I speak from   no  little  experieuce.  "Nice" is my only adjective,   so to  speak.     I am plain and heither rich  nor brilliant, so to make up I try to  be amiable,   and   consequently  society7 imposes upon me  shamefully.  For  instance,   when   my   friend  Mrs. Grey has a dinner   party   and  some one disappoints her at the last  minute, she says ':'.'   " It's a pity  to  spoil the looks of the table; I'll send  for Edith; she's  such   a nice   girl;  . won't mind being asked to fill up."  She   does,   though,   but   she   can't  very well refuse to oblige people for  the sake of silly pride and prej udice.  And when I do go   she   probably  delivers me over to the tender  mercies of old  Mr. Cairns,   who   is   as  deaf as a post.     I know my hostess  has said :   " Edith   won't mind his  taking her in;    she's   such   a   nice  girl."  Or perhaps I am out spending  the evening somewhere, and it is  decided to finish off the proceedings  with a little dance. No one will  volunteer to play, and the hostess  comes up to me and-says: with a  gracious smile, " Edith, dear, perhaps you won't mind playing us a  set of lancers. I'm afraid no one else  can. Of course, it wouldn't matter if  it stopped there; but the lancers are  followed by a waltz and the waltz  by a polka and the polka by7 aschot-  tische and so on, until just as it is  time, to go home some one says :  "Why, poor Edith's never had a  dance ! She's been playdng for us  all this time! What a shame !"  And the hostess says: " I am  afraid we have been very selfish,  my dear, but you do play so beautifully, and you are always so obliging."  Then again, when I go to see any7  one my appearance is the signal for  them to pull out their hats and  gowns, and they all ask my advice  and borrow my patterns and cop3r  my bonnets and make a general  societ37 hack of me.  Of course matrimony is entirely  out of the question for a " nice"  girl. I have heaps of male friends,  but that's precisely7 w7here it is.  They7 are simply7 friends.  They7 go and fall in love with  other girls, and then come and tell  me all about it, and expect my7  advice aud sympathy and encouragement.  Of course it's very gratifying, and  I suppose I ought to feel highly  flattered, but at the same time it is  a little trying.  As I said before, I am   not   rich,  and mv7 business in life is to " teach  the   young   idea    how    to   shoot."  And alas ! even here   that relentless adjective pursues me !  It is rather a   long   walk   to   the  scene of my labors,   and   frequently;  when I arrive there   the   mother of j  my pupils meets me in the hall with j  apologetic smiles. j  "The   children   are   not   in   this;  afternoon," she says.       "A   friend:  called and has asked them for a  drive. It is such a lovely afternoon I knew you  would  riot mind  it.".'.'-a?; . -."������a      ..,...',.  And then they wonder that their  young    hopefuls    do   not  get  on.  And in the matter of holidays,  too, my leading characteristic serves  me but poorly. "You wouldn't  mind having the summer holidays a  little earlier this year ?" is sometimes said to me with a gracious  smile.  " I have just had an invitation for  the children to spend next month  in the country." And it is said to  me with such an air of assurance  that I feel my feeble protest that it  is " inconvenient" die away upon  my lips.  I meekly murmur instead that it  "won't make any difference ;" but  when I have to begin work again  just as every one else is "breaking  up " for the summer vacation, it is  but poor consolation to me to know  that Mrs. A. confidentially informs  all her friends that the y-oung lady  who instructs her offspring is "such  a nice girl! So very: obliging always."  After all, I suppose its my own  fault and I bring it all on myself;  and I may as well make myself useful, as I can nerver, byr any chance,  be ornamental*  But, at the same time, it is impossible to help wishing sometimes  that people would be a little more  considerate, and remember that I  am only7 human, even ifi am" such  a nice,girl." A Nice Girl.  A London hairdresser who tried  to improve business by employing  female operators has had to abandon  the experiment. His staff of "lady-  shavers" turn cut to be a dismal  failure. Female assistants in his  line of business are not patronized,  even temporarily7, except by a few  " gay y^oung sparks" willing to try7  anything that  smacks   of novelty7.  The majority of male customers  are prevented, b37 the moral suasion  of their wives or other female belongings, from resorting to shops  where the37 can be shaved byr lady  barbers. Another obstacle to the  success of the movement is the unwillingness of the average man to  trust his j ugular vein to hands par-  ticul ~rly   sensitive   aud   hysterical.  However, the disappoiuted barber gave it as his private opinion  that "although- a failure from a  business point of view lady shavers  are really greater adepts in the art  than men."  Being a professional beauty is  not all cakes and ale, if one may  believe the account of Anna Held's  daily life that an Eastern exchange  ijhasjust published. According to  this, she is waked every morning at  nine o'clock. Her maid then hands  her a hand-glass, and if she is not  satisfied with the result of the inspection, she calls in her physician,  her masseuse, her beauty-doctor, or  some other specialist.  Authorising   ar  ncial  Com  xtra-  pa n y to Ca r ry o n  ness.  1-  " COMPANIES ACT, 1897."  Canada,  Province of British Columbia  No. 1 97.  THIS is to certify that the " Pyramid Kootenay Mining Company, Limited," is authorised  and licensed to carry on business within the  Province of British Columbia.  The head office of the Company is situate at  NO. 36, Lime Street, City of London, England.  The amount of the capital of the Company is  ��50,000, divided into 50,000shares of ��1 each.*  The head office of the Company in this Province is situate at Nelson, British Columbia,  and J. R. Mackintosh, whose address is Nelson,  British Columbia, is the attorney for the Company.  Tiie objects for which the Company has been  established and so licensed are:���  a.] To acquire and work certain mineral  rights in British Columbia, upon the terms of  an agreement to be entered into by the Company, the draft whereof is set out in the Schedule to the Articles of Association of the Company, and to enter into and carry such.agreement into effect, either with or without modifications:  [b..] To purchase or otherwise acquire any  grants, concessions, leases, or setts, easements,  or interests in lands, waters, mines, minerals,  mining or mineral claims, mining rights and  other hereditaments in British Columbia, and  any property, real or personal, moveable or  immovable, for purposes incidental thereto or  to any other objects of the Company :  [a] To prospect and search for, get, win,  work and raise within the area aforesaid copper or other ores, metals, minerals or substances, and to carry on the business of miners  millers, smelters, and workers of any processes  in tire production, reduction and making merchantable, of ores, minerals, metals, metallic  products, supplies of water, merchants and  manufacturers and workers of any minerals,  metals, articles, and things used iri, or in connection with mining, milling, smelting, and  other processes aforesaid, or any of them:  [D.] To search for mines and'minerals, and'  to acquire and grant licenses and other rights  and privileges for the purposes of, or in respect  of, tiie search for or winning and'getting of  copper or other ores, metals or minerals:  [E.] To purchase, take or lease, or in exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire any real or  personal property, live or dead stock, or any  easements, rights, privileges, or concessions,  or any interest therein, ne-essary or convenient for the Company's business, or for developing or utilizing any of the Company's property, and to explore, work, and develop tile  same:  F.] To acquire, erect, construct, or hire and  maintain and work, any buildings, plant,  engines, machinery, fixtures, mills, roads,  .railways, tramways, canals, creeks, shafts,  ditches, or other works which may be necessary or advisable for the purposes bf the Company:  [G.'j To undertake and carry into effect all  such financial, commercial, trading, or other  operations or business in connection with the  objects of the Company as the company may  think fit :  [h] To acquire any inventions capable of  being used for any purpose connected with  any of the businesses or operations of the  Company, or the license or right to use the  same :  [i] To amalgamate with any other company  having objects altogether or in part similar to  the objects of this Company, or to acquire and  undertake the waiole or any part of the business, property and liabilities of any person or  company carrying on any business'which this  Company is authorized to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for tiie purposes of  this Company:  [j.] With the sanction of an extraordinary-  resolution of the Company, but not otherwise,  to pay for any property or business purchased  or otherwise acquired in shares (to be treated  as wholly or partly paid up, or debentures or  debenture stock of the Company, or in money,  or partly in shares or debentures or debenture  stock and partly in money, and, with the like  sanction, to accept in payment for any part or  for the whole of the property of the Company  sold or otherwise disposed of, shares, bonds or  debentures of any other company or companies:  [k.] To improve, manage, develop, let, underlet or sell, or otherwise dispose of, charge or  deal with, in any manner whatsoever, all or  any part or parts of the propertv of the Company, or any rights or easements in or over the  same:  i L.) To acquire by original subscription or  otherwise, and to hold ana* sell, or otherwise  dispose of, shares, stock, debentures, or debenture stock, or any interest in the revenues or  profits of any company, corporation, partnership or person carrying on any business capable of being conducted so as directly or  indirectly to benefit this Company, and, upon  any return of capital, distribution of assets, or  division of profits, to distribute such shares,  stock, debentures, or debenture stock, among  the members of this Company in kind:  <aro To borrow or or raise money for the purposes of the Company, and to execute and  issue bonds or debentures, or debenture stock,  to bearer or otherwise, mortgages and other  instruments for securing the repayment  thereof, or for any other purpose, with or  without charge upon all or any of the property '  of the Company or its  uncalled capital,  and  upon such terms as to priority or otherwise as  the Company shall think fit:  far.} To establish or promote, or concur in  establishing or promoting, any other company  whose object shall include the acquisition and  taking over of all or any part of the property,  assets or liabilities of this Company, or shall  be in any manner calculated to enhance, either  directly or indirectly, the interests of the  Company, aiid to acquire and hold shares,  stock, or securities or or guarantee the payment of any securities issued by, or any other'  obligations of any such company:  (o.j To lend, invest, and deal with the  moneys of the Company not immediately  required upon such securities, or without  security, and in such manner as from time to  time may be determined:  fp.j To make, accept, indorse, and execute  promissory notes, bills of exchange, and other  negotiable instruments:  [q.j To apply for, obtain, accept, adopt, and  carry into effect, any Acts of Parliament, provisional orders, concessions, contracts, grants,  decrees, powers or privileges, which may be  deemed necessary or desirable for faciliating  the objects or any of the objects of the Company:  Ir.j To procure the Company to be registered  or incorporated, or otherwise domiciled, empowered, represented, or recognized in British  Columbia:  [s. To hold in the names of others any -property which the Company is authorised to  acquire, and to carry on orjdo any of the businesses and acts and things aforesaid, either as  principal or agent, and either by the agency of  or as agents and trustees for others:  (t.) To remunerate and make donations (by  cashor other assets or by the allotment of fully  or partly paid shares, or in any other manner)  to any person or persons, for services rendered  Or to be rendered, in introducing any property  or business to the Company, or in placing or  assisting to place any shares, debentures or  other securities of the Company', or for any-  other reason which the Company may think  proper:  (u.) To execute and do generally all such  other things as the Company may at any time  consider conducive to the carrying out or  attainment of the above objects or any of  them: ������  Given under my hand and seal of office at  Victoria, Province of British Columbia, this  29th day of June, one thousand eight hundred  and nihetv-seven.  IL.S.1   "��� S. Y. WOOTTON,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  Assessment   Act and   Provincial  Revenue Tax.  Nelson Division of West Kootenay District.  NOTICE is hereby given, in accordance with  the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue Tax and  all taxes levied under the Assessment Act are  now due for the year 1S97. All the above-  named taxes collectible within the Nelson Division of West Kootenay, assessed by me, are  payable at my office, at*Kaslo, B. C* Assessed  taxes are collectible at the following rates,  viz. :���  Four-fifths of one per cent, on the assessed  value of real estate, other than wild land.  Three-quarters of one per cent, on the assessed value of personal property.  So much of the income of 'any person as exceeds one thousand dollars the following rates,  namely, upon such excess, when the same is  not more than ten thousand dollar.?, one and.  one-quarter of one per cent; when such excess  is over ten thousand dollars and not moreaJian  twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of  one per cent.; when such excess is over twentv  thousand dollars, one and three-quarters of  one per cent.  Three per cent, on the assessed value of  wild land.  If paid on or before the 30th dav of June,  1897 :  Three-fifths of one per cent on the assessed  value of real estate, other than wild land.  One half of one per cent on the assessed value  of personal property.  Upon such excess of income, when the same  is not more than ten thousand dollars, one per  cent,; when such excess is over ten thousand  dollars, and not more than twenty thousand  dollars, one and one-quarter of one* per cent.;  when such excess is over twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of one per cent.  Two and one-half per cent, on the assessed  value of wild land,  Provincial Revenue Tax, $3.00 per capita.  John Keen.  Assessor and Collector.  Kaslo, 13. C, 2nd September, 1897.  Notice   of   Application   for   Certificate    of  Im provements.  Rosa and Belle Mineral claims, situate in   the  Nelson Mining Division of  West  Kootenay  District, and  located on Skilet Creek,  oh  North Fork of Salmon River.  Take notice that we, Alex. Goyette, free miner's certificate, No. S3,5S1, John A. Quiiilan, free  miner's  certificate  No.  1,344 A,  and  John A.  Coryell, free miner's  certifidate  No. 81,209, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  te the mining recorder  for  certificates of  improvements, "for the puVpose of obtaining crown  grants of the above claims.    And  further take  notice that action, under section  37,   must be  commenced before the issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this first day of September, 1897.  mSBIHS!^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  9  SHORT STORIES.  Thebankruptcy court can boast of  some delightfully naive rejoinders.  ���' How; asir, is it possible,'' angrily  demanded the opposing counsel of  the bankrupt,' '' to live In the luxurious style you have affected on  two hundred dollars a year? " The  witness replied, with an air of justifiable pride, that that was acproblem  to which he had devoted a considerable time in the Interests of social  economy, and the results of his  humble efforts were now before the  court.  something by way of apology, arose  in his pew and remarked: ''Ladies  and gentlemen, I was somewhat  somnolent, when I heard the remark  that caused, my ejaculation ��� but I  desire to say in self-defense that any  commander of a ship should be keelhauled for throwing three anchors  astern, for in doing that he would  pull  the   end   out  of  his   vessel."  arsons  r o  WINNIPEG,  ompany.  iANITOBA.  Wholesale Dealers in Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Apples, Poultry  and Cured Meats.  An amusing story is told of how  the late Lord Fitzgerald discomfited  a treasury official who was sent over  from England to complain of the  excessive expenditure for coal in the  lord chief justice's court. He received  the man and listened gravely and  formally while the latter stated his  errand and enlarged upon the importance of economy in the matter  of fuel., At the conclusion of the  discourse he rang the bell, and when  the servant appeared said, '' Tell  Mary fnat the man has come about  the';coals."   '  A western judge, sitting in chambers, seeing from the piles of papers  in the lawyer's hands that the first  case was likely to be hotly contested, asked a ������'������ What is the amount  in    question  >> >  < c  Two   dollars,''  counsel.      "I'll  judge,   handing  " call   the   next  said the plaintiff's  pay7 it," said the  over the money ;  case." He had not the patience of  Sir William Grant, who after listening for two days to the arguments of counsel as to the construction of a certain act, quietly observed  when they had done : " That act  has been repealed."  On one occasion, while examining  the    mechanism    of    the   monster  lamp belonging to an English lighthouse, a gentleman wishing to   see  howinany seconds would  elapse in  completing a revolution,   he took a  half-crown   piece   from   his   pocket  and placed it on the revolving framework.     Watch in hand,  he   waited  for the coin to   come  round  again,  but no half-crown appeared.      The  seconds lengthened into minutes-���  still no  half-crown !      "Strange !"  he exclaimed ;   " what   can  be   the  meaning   of it ?'���'        In    order    to  ascertain the cause   of the   strange  phenomenon, he   walked abound to  the other side of the  lamp, and, in  doing so,   encountered   one. of the  light-house men, who   touched   his  hat and  said,   " Thank   }rou, sir,"  iH amuader-tone.     The man seeing  the coin coming   toward   him,   had  pocketed it,   thinking it was   meant  for a tip.  INDEPENDENT ORDER OF   FORESTERS.  goods   in   Western Canada.  Full  The largest handlers  of these  All warehouses under perfect   system   of  cold   storage,  stock carried,at Nelson, B. C.     For prices write or wire  SSELL, Mgr Nelson Branch Parsons Produce Co.  flMMi  -OF-  In accordance with instructions from the Hon. G. B. Martin, Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works, MESSRSa CHARLES A WATERMAN & Co. will offer for sale,by public auction at the Court House, in  the City of Nelson, on a  9  at 2 o'clock p.m.  lots  th(  original townsite of  James Clay, the distinguishen  whist-player who figures in "Guy  Livingston" under tne name of  Castlemaine, once had for a partner  in the game a man who led a singleton from a hand containing five  trumps, and Castlemaine fell into  the common error of leading trumps  to defend an imaginary suit. Although it was not his fault, the  poor partner of the great man felt  himself called npon to look sorry,  and remarked that the result had  been    unfortunate. Castlemaine  looked thoughtfully at the ceiling.  " It is computed," he said, "that  there are upward of two thousand  Englishmen of good family, and  born to brilliant prospects, who are  now wandering shoeless about the  Continent because they would not  lead trumps, having five  > >  On one of his visits to his village  home, Admiral Gainsborough  attended the parish church. The  lesson was from that portion of  Scripture that tells of the shipwreck  of St. John. " And the sailors cast  three anchors astern," said the  clergyman. "Cursed fools," said  Gainsborough, half asleep. The  congregation was horror-stricken,  and the  admiral,   thinking   to  say  Court "Mines, "Ainsworth B. C.  Meets every Saturdav evening at 7:30 p.m., at  Henry's hall. Donald McAuley, C. D. S. C.  Ranger; John Milles, Chief Ranger; Leander  Shaw, Treasurer; W. R. Jarvis, Recording  Secretary; Wm. P. Freeman, Financial Secretary. 'Visiting brethren cordially invited.  Court Kootenay No. 3138, Nelson B. C.  Meets first and third Wednesdays in cthe  month in the Odd Fellows hall. Officers: F. W.  Swannell, G.D.S.C.R.; M. McGrath, C.R.; J.  Mowat, W.C.R.; W. B. Shaw, R.S.; W. Hodson,  F.S.; W. H. Graham, Treas.; J. R. Green, Chap.;  E. C. Arthur M.D., Phys.; A. Shaw, P.C.R.  Notice    of  Application   for    Certificate   of  Improvements.  Titanic,1 Young, Grouse, Young American,Epoch  and Sultan Mineral claims,situate in the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay District, and located near Burnt Creek, North  Fork of Salmon River  Take notice that I, John A. Coryell, as agent  for W. H. Young, free miner's certificate No.  87,534, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the mining recorder for certificates  of improvements, for ,he purpose of obtaining  crown grants of the above claims. And further  take notice that action, under section 37, must  be commenced before the issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of Septemper, 1897.  Notice   of  Application   for   Certificate    of  Improvements.  U. B.���L. 2018, G. 1���Mineral claim.  Situate in the Nelson Mining Division of  West Kootenay District.  Where located:���About one and one half  mites west from the Nelson and Fort Sheppard  railway at Hall's water tank, lake notice that  I, W. A. Macdonald, acting as agent for W. H.  Sherrod, Free Miner's Certificate No. .81993,  intend sixty days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of September, 1897.  \V. A.   MACXONALD.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given   that we,   the  undersigned, have carried on and intend to carry on  business as grocers and  provision  merchants  at Nelson in partnership under the name  and  firm of Buchanan 6z Wilson.  Said partnership has subsisted since the 1st  July, 1S97, and we are the only members of said  fi rni.  Dated this 21st day of September, 1897.  A. C. Buchanan,  C. J. Wilson.  the remainder of the Goveriiaieat town lots   m  the City of Nelson, with the exc-ao-ion of the lots comprising block forty  nine (49).    (Lots in block 88 and 89 withdrawn).  All lots will be sold subj ect to an upset price ranging from $ r 00 upwards.  With respect to lots upon which squatters have made substantial improvements, the purchasers of the same will be required to pay to the  Government, for the benefit of the squatters, the appraised value of the  improvements thereon.  TERMS OF SALE���Twenty-five per cent (25 p c) of the purchase money cash, and the balance within thirty [SUj days from the date of sale.  On the failure o'n the part of any intending purjhassr to complete the purchase within thirty  [30] days, the deposit made at time of sale will bj (o:i ji.te 1 aud cue lots will ba again offered for  sale.  For maps, showing the location of the lots to b3 offered for sale, catalogues of the same, and  further particulars^ apply at the office of  a  Nelson, Sept. 7th, 1897.  Baker Street, Nelson, B. C.  TobaccOi  Cigarettes! Pipes and Tobacconists' Sundries,  -SOLE OWNERS OF-  THE FINEST BRAND  MADE  CANADA  olesafe  Store,   North   of   Baker Street,   Nelson.  RetailStore,  South Side of Baker Street.  Notice   of   Application to   Purchase   Land.  Sixty days afterdate the undersigned intends  to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands  and Works to purchase the undermentioned  tract of land, situated south side of Kootenav  River and on the east bank of Sandy Creek'-  post planted about twenty chains south of Kootenay River marked Northwest post runnino-  40 chains south, then 40 chains east, then 40  chains north, thence to the starting point. 100  acres more or less.  David McCkeath.  Nelson, September 1st, 1897.  Brokers and Manufacturers'Agents.  Agents for Manitoba  Produce   Company,   Gold   Drop  Flour,  Wheat Manna,  Biscuits, Etc.  W. J.   Pendray's Soaps, M.   R.   Smith   &   Co's  NELSON,  B. C.  P. O.  Box 498.  c  ��_  ffggg&*.^  wmmmmmmmammwsiimi IO  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  PERSONAL.  A���'-. W.-: Peck is" home ,from a few  days visit to Trail. a  ,.   H. Cuthbert and G. C. Shaw, of  Victoria, are in town.  F.-''C. Innes, of Vancouver, was  in the chy On'Saturday.;  C. M. Houghton is around again  after an illness of three weeks.  John Dean, of Smith, Dean &  Co., came up from Rossland on  Monday.  R. Marpole, Supt. Pacific division of the C. P. R., was in town  on Monday.  J. A. Mara, of Kamloops, ex-  M.P. for Yale-Cariboo district, was  in town this week.  a W.E. Hamilton, G. E. Burns,  W. H. Langridge and Robt. C.  Adams, of Montreal, are in the city.  T. R. Ella, C. E. Perry, Ri E.  Tatlow and J. P. Geddes, of Vancouver, visited Nelsbii on Monday.  EXPATRIATED BRITONS.  To the Editor.  Sir���I notice an article on pa-  ttiotism in one of your recent numbers, and am reminded of a conversation I overheard , some time ago  in one .of the larger cities of the  United States. A wealthy merchant was asking his clerk as to  wThether he intended taking out his  naturalization papers. "No," replied the young fellow, "I would  consider such a course degrading,  and an injustice to my native land.''  The, merchant paused a few mo-  meats and then frankly congratulated his employee. He remarked  that although he was an American  born and one whose sole interest was centered in the United  States, still he had no admiration  for the foreigners who came over to  his country and without the least  hesitation denied the land that gave  them birth, and in case there should  come a time when the services of  such men were needed in defense of  their adopted country, he thought  the great maj ority would prove utterly unreliable and even a greater  danger than their open enemies.  " Such is the patriot's boast, wher'er we roam,  His first, best country ever is at home."  I am sir, Yours, etc.,  Albion.  Nelson, Sept. 27, 1897.  to be done to afford protection at  the wharf which at present is without any safeguards whatever.  A laborer, known as James Ross,  employed on railway construction  about twelve miles from Slocan  Crossing, was instantly killed on  Sunday last by the falling of rock.  A charge of powder had been put  in the rock and shortly after the  explosion Ross and one of the contractors advanced to see what effect  it had had. Just then, a huge  boulder rolled down, striking Ross  and literally crushing his head into  pulp. The body was brought to  Nelson yesterday and an inquest  held. The coroner's jury returned  a verdict of accidental death. Ross  was a man about forty years of age'  and unmarried.'' He was a member of the Oddfellows order, and  the. funeral today will be under the  auspices of that body.  PUBLIC NOTICE.  We, the undersigned, doing a  strictly cash business, and as our  time is money, will on October 10th  turn all of our unpaid accounts over  to our attorney for collection.  Yours truly,  Farley & Simpson.  Judge Walkern will preside at  the fall assizes in Nelson.  The Kokanee made her last trip  of the season to Lardo on Monday  last.  A jury gave Samuel L. Moore a  verdict of $1,000 damages against  the Flail Mines Ltd. last Thursday.  Three men were drowned in the  lake at Kaslo on Monday by the  upsetting of a boat. The only one  of the trio known is Wm. Johnson,  an employee of the Pilot Ba}'  smelter.  While coming ashore from the  steamer Alberta last night a lad}-  passenger fell from, the gangway  into the water, and was with difficulty rescued.      Something   ought  . She���" Have you no relatives ?"  He-" None to speak of���-all poor !''  He���I'm going to kiss you when  I.go. She���Do it now while I'm  still young.  Hubby-���You are worth a million  to me. . Wifey���Can I get an  advance of two dollars on that  million for a new hat?  He���Do you usually take a stick  with you when you go climbing on  the mountains.?' She���Oh, 3^es ;  would you like to go along to-day ?  . Mrs. Watts���My husband won  about $100 at poker night before  last. . Mrs. Potts���How do you  know? " Because he said he won  25, and he gave me 15.  1 >  BUSINESS NOTESa  The Criterion restaurant on  Baker street has been opened under  the management of F. J. Van  Buren, formerly of Slocan City.  Simpson & Donley are now re'ady  for business at the Lake View hotel  on Hall street.  The united Democrac}' party has  nominated Henry George as mayor  of New York.  "Rebel George" Knowlton,  who was recently taken from Spokane to Los Angeles to stand his  trial on a gold brick swindle, has  been acquitted.  An experienced accountant wishes  employment. Books posted, etc.  Terms moderate. Apply A. C,  Economist Office.  CRITERION RESTAURANT  Opened under new management  Everything First-Class  White Labor Only Employed  MEALS FROM   25   CENTS UP.  GIVE ME A CALL  F. J. VAN BUREN, Prop.  A large number of business lots for sale. Also  business blocks on Baker,  Vernon and other streets.  Residential lots and houses  tor sale in addition A and  other parts of the-city.  Baker Street,   Nelson.  cLATCH IE  Dominion and  ProvinGial^^teaBB.^  Land Surveyor,  .Custom House,Nelson,B.C.  ARCHITECT.  CLEMENTS  AND HILLYER BLK  Room 6,  Nelson, B. C.  Ward Street Cash Grocery.  CHOICE SELECTION OF GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS.  .,���_���*^-We Sell Cheap  Opposite Steam laundry, C. G. DAVIS.  JUST OPENED     IN THE rtcKILLOP  (Opposite Hudson's Bay Co.)  ���WITH -  h Brand New  Stock   of   Genfs  Well assorted and at the Lcwest Prices.  snmgs  all and See Us  TRELFORD & 5TANNA  *'���'im��g����'a^^  adsons  All kinds of Miners'  and Workingmen's Furnishing Goods  for sale.  EVERYTHING CHEAP FOR CASH. THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  ii  Ha  1*  HUMOROUS.  Clara���"Gh, it seems so strange  to be engaged." May��� * 'It certainly does^���the first time."  Jess���' 'George asked me last  night if the roses on your cheeks  were genuine." Bess���"And you  said ?" Jess���'' Nothing���simply  winked."    ���'���"'  "Any amusement in this town  to-night?" asked the- stranger.  "I reckon there's going to be  a lecture," replied the grocery man;  "I've been selling eggs all day.''  PATTERSON    &   STEEPER.  Successors to J. Madden.  Miners Livery and   Feed   Stable  Opposite Royal    Hotel,   Stanley   Street  ���   ,NELSON,;^"'  -'; ...= _.   /    B. C. "a a  ;:drin^  ���All Kinds of���  Fruits, Cigars and Tobaccos  Allan Campbell, Bakerst Br'dg, Nelson  For the Finest Line of  omestiG  Oi   Ji  far Store,  ew Editions Arriving  Daily.  We are up-to-date with   Colonial  Libraries, a a  Mining Books afor sProspector,  Assayer and Mineralogist, alwa}^s  on hand.  ��� Any book riot in stock  procured  to order.  Victoria Hotel, September 21, 1S97.  Fred Goodwin  wishes  to   inform his numerous  friends and acquaintances before they start for  Thomson Stationery Go., Ltd  !   NELSON,   BaC. -  M  ALBERTMISLONKA.  Boots and Shoes  Made and^ Repaired.  Hall Street, Nelson, B. C.  C.E.  EWALLETf E & CO.,  DEALERS   IN  Rough and Dressed Lumber, Sash, Doors,  BAKER STREET,  Shingles, Etc., Etc,  (In premises lately occupied by  A. McDonald &  Co.)  NELSON, B.C.  FIRST-CLASS WINES, LIQUORS APID CIGARS.  Dollars Per Day and Up.      -       Everything New.  OPPOSITE COURT HOUSE,    SAMPLE ROOM FREE.  Lapoint & Farley,       -      -       Proprietors  That he is Selling Trail  Creek  Beer  at  Twenty=f ive  Cents a (^ari^  artUfactured by  The   Kootenay    Brewing,   Malting   and  Distilling Company^ Limited.  MERCHANT TAILOR.  High Class Suits Made in the  Latest Styles.  A Magnificent Line of Scotch Tweeds and Worsted,  and West of England Trouserings, Suitable for  Spring "wear. A spocial feature of Fancy Worsted  Suitings...........-.  '.........,   ��  ��  Baker St., Nelson, B, C.  c    We wish to direct your attention to our  NELSON,  B.  C.  See Our Leader Suit  See Our Special Suit  $7.00  $5.00  olesale and Retail  others in Proportion  a  ��J ���    /\s     vjlJLrffV  Head Office ;  Nelson, B. C;  Markets at  Nelson,  Kaslo, Three   Forks,  Sandon,   Rossland  and  Trail  SPARKLING.  THORPE & CO.  AROMATIC.  TELEPHONE 60  Awards for Merit World's Fair.  w  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  kelson Blacksmith Co.  H. A.  PROSSER,   Manager. Lake St.,  Opp. Court House.  NELSON,   B.  C.  Canada Drug and   Book   Co.,   L'td.  We are now ready for business in the  ESliott Block, Cor Stanley and Baker Sts  Our Drug Stock is complete,  and we are opening up a   full   line of  stationery.  An inspection of our Stock and prices is respectfully invited.  Canada   Drug: and   Book   Co., L'td. 12  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  a  London, Eng.  Victoria, B. C.  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  Kootenay Branch,  acKinaws*  n ket  Nelson, B. C.  >  uDDers.  The season for  upon us, and we are  to; inform our pa-  that we are to hand  having just received direct from  is   now  pleased  trons  with it  The Jas. Stewart Manufacturing Co. of Woodstock  Two cars of their celebrated STOVES and RANGES, which we are  offering at exceptionally low prices. We have also a full ^stock of all  sizes of QUEEN HEATERS.     Give us a call.    Satisfaction guaranteed  Lawrence   Hardware.  C  ���  Telephone 21.  Baker Street, Nelson, B. C.  PANTS.  Deer Park,  (Lower Arrow Lake.)  * Headquarters for Prospectors  and Miners for the Arrow Lake  District.  Unexcelled Deer Shooting.  Excellent Fishing and Boating.  Most picturesque and comfortable camping grounds in the  Kootenay.  HERMAN KNORR,  Proprietor  l897  THE  1897   HAS   (1) THE HIGHEST STANDARD OF RE-  serve for the protection of policy holders being  the only Canadian company that has provided,  this security from its inception.  (2) THE LARGEST SURPLUS TO POLICYHOLDERS of any Canadian company at the  same stage of its "existence, being 20 per cent  higher than anv other company.  (3) THE LO'WESE DEATH RATE of any  company in Canada at the same stage of its  existence.  HAS NOT any real estate, overdue interest,  or Death Claim's unpaid.  I am willing to pay for a half-page display  In heavy-faced letters, declaring  That "I'll give a new dime for a word that will  rhyme  With the garments fair cyclists are.wearing.  So give me some space in a prominent place  And send a sight draft for the payment ;  Though it takes my last cent,  I'll remit  with  content, .  When supplied with a rhyme  for  such���raiment-.  Only poets can know the extent of my woe  When intent on some brilliant effusion���  I am knocked out of time for   the   lack of a  rhyme  Conveying the needful allusion.  I might fill up my purse ^writing bicycle verse,  At the price it is usually rated, '" .  But my troubles intrude whfin I strive to allude  To the cycle girl's garb bifurcated.  I could reel off dead loads of good sonnets and  odes ;  I am sure they'd be regular gol-sousers ;  But a mention  of  breeches  would forfeit my  riches, .......  And how can I use the word "trousers " ?'  So please give my ad. the best place to be had,  And, meanwhile, I'll go down in  my lockers  And fish out a dime for a word that will "rhyme  With those togs that are not knickerbockers  General Agent Kootenay District, NelsonB. C,  T. S. Gore.  H. Burnet.  J. H. McGregor  GORE, BURNET & CO.,  Provincial  and   Dominion  Land Sur=  veyors and Civil Engineers.  Agents for Obtaining Crown   Grants and Abstract of Tiiie to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,   -    -    -   British Columbia  Hungarian,  xxxx  Strong Bakers,  The Okanagan Flour  Economy, Shorts,  Superfine, Chicken Feed,  Bran, Chop.  ills Company, Lt'd, Armstrong, B. C.  ELS��  TOTAL DAILY CAPACITY 8,200 BBLS.  "OGILVIE'S PATENT HUNGARIAN" will hereafter be known under the brand, "OGIL-  VIE'S HUNGARIAN." Branded Blue.  "OGILVIE'S STRONG BAKERS " will hereafter be known under the brand "OGI LVI E'S  GLENORA."   Branded Red.  All these brands have been duly registered in the Government Patent offices, and any infringement of the same or refilling of our branded bags with flour will be prosecuted according  to law, as each bag of flour is fully guaranteed which bears our registered brand and sewn  with our special red white and blue twine. a  / In thanking you for your patronage in the past, and in soliciting a continuance of your favors, we take this opportunity of informing you that " OGILVIE'S HUNGARIAN " and " OGIL-  VID'S GLENORA " "have been established at a high standard, manufactured under special process, securing the right combination'of properties gluten and starch to produce the highest  results in baking. "  In placing our new brands upon the market we do so with the assurance that your most  profitable interests wail be served in securing you the finest quality of bread. No expense is  spared in the manufacture of these special brands of flour, and our prices will at all times be  ot as low a figure possible consistent with the superior article which we offer.   Yours truly,  OClLVIE MELLINC   COMPANY*  C. M. LEISHMAN, Victoria, Agent for British Coiumbia.  B.ESNOUF  Importer and Dealer in  9  Furniture, Crockery, Glassware, Lamps and Silver Plated Ware  A Complete Line of Supplies for Hotels, Saloons, Restaurants and Families.  Upholstering and Repairing.   Mattresses Made to Order.  VERNON STREET,  NELSON, British Columbia.  NELSON  E CO.  Hardware, Stoves, Ranges and Fu.naces  . A'' ^ n  The latest addition to our stock is the  A new and beautiful wood Cook Stove.  P. O. Box 63  To buy Cheap Shoes for the children to go to school in.  They are harder on shoes than grown people and consequently need the best: you can buy. We have just received a large stock of shoes,  REGULAR SCHOOL SHOES  They will be sold at prices that are 'way down, quality  considered.  e  Having started a cash business, we are now prepared to  supply our customers with everything in the Grocery  Line at Rock Bottom Prices. Prospectors and Miners  should give us a call before placing their orders elsewhere.  Our stock of Crockery is complete, marked at living prices.  Give this Flour a Trial before passing an opinion.  mwwiwiBWinywuimiwBi  ���a^w,\-i*i*.v  ^^-^^sa^^^

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