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The Nelson Economist Sep 7, 1898

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 3  '�����-!��)':  With  which  is incorporated THE  NATION, of Victoria, B.C.  VOL,. II.  ; NELSON, B.  C,   WEDNESDAY,   SEPTEMBER 7,  1898.  NO. 9.  THE NELSON ECONOHIST.  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Carley ���.' Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  One Year to Canada and United States.:.........:......... .$2.00  _ If paid in advance  1.50  Ont Year to Great Britain  2.50  If paid in advance  2 00  Remit by Express, Money Order,. Draft,  P. O.  Order,  or  Registered Letter.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.  AdVertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  PUBLISHER'S NOTICE.  THE NATION, of Victoria, B. C,  lias been consolidated withc THE  ECONOMIST. All subscribers to  THE NATION will be supplied with  this paper.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  An interesting legal argument took place in  the supreme court at Victoria last week.  The point at issue wa's whether Judge Spinks  had jurisdiction to makean order appointing  a receiver for the Le Roi. It was contended  that the supreme court judges of Westminster district are the judges for Kootenay in  supreme court matters, and that, except in  their absence from their district, no county  court judge could act in such cases. This  point appears to have been conceded, and the  order of Judge Spinks was accordingly discharged. The decision is one of vital importance to the Kootenays, inasmuch as it establishes the fact that no supreme court cases  can be disposed of in this district by a county  court judge. Such a rule may have given  satisfaction heretofore, but the time has  arrived when this immense and populous  interior country must have a supreme court  judge. It is unreasonable, unjust, to expect  that all supreme court business arising here  must be dealt with at the Coast or deferred  pending the sitting of a supreme court judge  in Nelson. There is at present a vacancy on  the bench. Why not appoint a judge who  will reside in Kootenay and   be   available for  duty here? Such an appointment would be a  great boon to the entire district, and would  simply be a matter of justice. Litigation, expensive under the most favorable circumstances, becomes prohibitive in many instances, under present arrangements. If the  subject be vigorously agitated, there is no  reason why we should not have a resident  supreme court judge in the Kootenays, with,  headquarters at Nelson.  The Czar has declared himself in favor of  universal peace, and has so startled the world  that people do not know whether or not to  take him seriously. That the big standing  armies of the nations are a menace to peace  and progress and an incentive to war and  bloodshed is an admitted fact, but that the  call for a general disarmament should emanate from the Czar of all the Russia?, seems  almost incredible. Now and again the war-  cloud which has been hanging over Europe  for so many years threatened to burst, and in  the troubles that would ensue Russia was  ever looked to as the power who would take  the most'���'prominent- part. Russian intrigue  was always a source of trouble to Europe.  Even at the present hour Russia is, apparently, disposed to go further towards the dismemberment of the Chinese empire than any  other power : in fact, the other powers have  had to stay the hand of the now professor of  universal peace in the Orient. It is a foregone conclusion that if Russia agrees to  reduce her standing army the other European nations will be but too willing to follow suit. Might is not always right. The  disputes of nations ought to be settled by arbitration, not by sword, and if Nicholas be  jeally sencerein his action he can do as much  if not more, than any living man to bring about  this diserable end.  A mysterious people are the Chinese, at  home or abroad. It is at all times difficult  for " the foreign devil," as they call all those  unadorned by the cue, to find out what is going on within the realms of these heathen ; but  it seems clear that just at present war is raging among the Chinese. A despatch from  Shanghai states that the Government troops  are reported to have been defeated in two  pitched battle3 by the Kwan Si rebels, losing  3,000 men. The rebels, are said to number  90,000 and the provincial forces are powerless  against them.    We are  not told   what   their  implements of war are, but it is safe to infer  that they are more than firecrackers, seeing  that 3,000 of the government troops have fallen in battle. Ninety thousand rebels in one  district would leave the impression that the  present dynasty is not popular with the people.  Now that the season has fairly opened, and  that travel to and from (especially from)    the  Klondyke is vsomewhat regnlar,   we are  beginning to know more'   of the country   and. the  condition of things there.      As was  anticipated from the first, too many people  joined   in  the mad rush after gold, and as a consequence  are now paying the penalty of their   rashness.  Recent advices state that business in   Dawson  is not nearly "so brisk as it was a year ago, although there are five times as many people in  and  around   the   place.    Provisions are   now  selling cheaper than what' they can be brought  in for.    Staple foods, which used to sell at $1  per pound, are now disposed of freely at 3.0c,  the reason being that the vast majority of the  people now going   in   are   tenderfeet, and sell  out their supplies  a   day   or   two   after their  arrival,   and   make, homewards. - These are,  however, the   tenderfoot   element.    Practical  miners still persist   inj the   opinion  that the  Klondyke is -the richest country in the world.  At   Dawson   City   there   are  boats, eight and  ten deep,  lining the   shores   of,-the  river for  miles, rendering a landing impossible within a  hundred yards from land.    The average death  rate is thirty per \ week, and   the   temperature  is   102 in   the  shade.    One writer  says that  newspapers and transportation-companies are  responsible for all the misery   that   this mad  rush has caused or will cause  in   hundreds of  homes.    And we agree with  him.    It is positively criminal the way in which  the country  was boomed by interested transportation companies   and   newspapers   for   the   advertising  patronage that was in it.    In another couple  of months men rendered   desperate by   disappointment and prospects of  death   by   starvation will be flocking out  of the   country,   and  at whatever   point  of civilization   they   land  there will be trouble.  Poor Hawaii is now part and parcel of the  United States, and her people are not taking  at all kindly to their new rulers and governors. The jingo newspapers have since been  devoting considerable space describing the  grand country that has been forcibly annexed.  nssiiBXiEattammmmBB&RS3asxssisissB!&SS!35Sm  S5B8 BBSSSBiS&iSg  EsiRsaBSEKfflissssssramMmifKJra  4,<tMl&.^;rlidJ^*JUaL^M��{X^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  The raising of the American flag over Hawaii  was made the occasion of great pomp and  show   on   behalf  of  the  newcomers : but thft  poor natives, we are told :  "As for the Hawaiians, they were not thero. It  was self-denial on there part, for the Kanaka loves  rhusic and color and crowds and that invisible  fluid which flows from man to man and which we  call excitement. But on this day of days the  Hawaiians were at home. They were not on  the streets ; they were not in the stores. They  were shut up in their houses, and from the Queen's  stately home to the meanest shed the open windows and closed shutters were lonely and somber  as places of death. Those who were obliged to be  abroad slipped through back streets and crooked  lanes."  The steal���that is the proper term���isr being vigorously attacked by the independent  press of the country. This is the way Toivn  Talk, a very excellent San Francisco publication, puts it, and a similar tone is obserable in  other quarters :  " There will come a time when American children  who are now unborn will reod as history the story  of the events which occurred at Honolulu upon the  12th day of this month and will   blush   because  of  ,   the shame which it places  upon  their nationality  and the stain of dishonor which it places upon their  flag.     Upon that day the black and damnable conspiracy of wrong which.opened   in  1893  was "consummated and the United   States   government���  which was founded upon the declaration that it   is  a self- evident truth that all   governments   l derive  their just powers from the consent of the governed'  ���by brute force and without cause or  provocation  crushed the national life out of a weak   but  kindly  and well behaved neighbor and made   the  simple-  minded Kanakas aliens aud  political serfs  in   the  land of their fathers. . ... . .     The  triumph  of  annexation was not, therefore, a triumph of  American patriotism but was rather a_ triumph of  American corruption and other nefarious influences  that are altogether too powerful in the administration of our public affairs. It was not manifest  destiny or the exigencies of war that caused the  American Congress to order the assassination of  liberty in Hawaii. That step was taken because  it advanced the pecuniary interests of those who  had investments in the island which were yielding  them from thirty to fifty per centum per annum.  The all-Canadian railway into   the   Yukon  country was a topic which up till recently was  very   freely   discussed.    The  federal   govern  ment, it will be remembered, through its minister   of   railways, had   decided to   undertake  the task, and   had   absolutely   let   a contract  for   the   work.    When   parliament met, however, there was a cry   raised against  the project, and   on   the ground that '.he contractors  were getting too liberal concessions, the agreement   was   not ratified.    The  provincial government   then   stepped   in,   and   would   have  accomplished   what   the   powers   that   be   at  Ottawa declined to   do, but  again   an outcry  was raised, and operations once more checked.  As   matters   now   stand   the   advisability   or  otherwise of the undertaking is still being discussed   in   this  country,  with   no immediate  prospect of arriving at a decision.    While at  this side of the boundary line we are considering the project  of  furnishing communication  with the gold fields of the north, an American  corporation,  known-as  the   White   Pass   &  Yukon Railroad Co., have started   work and  have already several miles of  the  road built.  E. C. Hawkins, the engineer of  the company,  came down on the City of Topeka the other  day, and reported progress. He says he  expects to have 2,500 men at work on the  road this winter, and that already seven  camps have been established along the route.  As a result of representations made to  Ottawa as to an extension of time for enforcing the new regulations as to certificate of origin under the preferential tariff, instructions  have been given to collectors in British Columbia to accept, until October 1 next, the old  certificates of origin, embracing only British  countries entitled to preference. If full  duties are paid, applications for refund of excess duties will be considered, if proper certificates are produced within a reasonable time  (say three or six months) from, date of entry.  The fight for legal   control   of   the   Le   Roi  mine   still  continues, and   matters  are everv  day becoming more complicated.    Last week  the order appointing Mr. Carlyle receiver was  discharged   by   Mr. Justice Irving, who   held  that Judge Spinks, by   whom   the  order was  made, had no jurisdiction.    Another receiver  has taken possession,  and. the  output of the  mine is limited   to   100   tons   per day.    It is  most unfortunate that anything should occur  to retard the working of the property, for after  all, it was  the Le Roi that brought   the Trail  Creek   district  into   prominence.    While   the  fight for  possession   continues   the  output of  the mine will be limited, and dividends which  ought to go into the pockets  of  shareholders,  will be squandered in litigation.  Up   to   recent date the sealing industry was  one   of   Victoria's   main   sources   of   income.  Hundreds of thousands of dollars  were annually spent in the fitting out of the sealers and  in wages, and  so  profitable, for   a   time,   was  the   business   that   fleets   of  schooners   came  round from  the Atlantic  coast   to  engage in  hunting.    But sealing was overdone, and the  prices   of   skins   went   down   in  the   London  market to a figure which practically rendered  seal hunting unprofitable.    Added to this were  the restrictions put upon the sealers, and the  over-vigilance displayed by  the  government  of the United States to kill the industry so far  as British  subjects   were  concerned,   particu-.  larly in the Behring Sea.   For the past couple  of seasons but   few of   the   sealing  fleet went  out, and those that did failed to make a success   of  it.    But   the   outcry  against  pelagic  sealing   still  continues,   and  existing   conditions are  such that  the  sealers  now express  themselves   willing   to   surrender   all    their  rights   in   Behring Sea   for   an indemnity of  $730,000���the actual value  of  boats   engaged  in the business.    No doubt those who invested  their  capital  in   the   business   prior   to   the  unreasonable   restrictions   now   imposed,   are  entitled to some  compensation, but   the surrender by   these gentlemen  of their " rights  in the Behring'Sea," is not calculated to settle  the question so long in dispute.  At the provincial  Conservative  convention  held in Vancouver on Friday last, Mr. W. A.  Macdonald, Q.C., brought forward a subject  of the greatest importance to this province  generally, and more especially to the Kootenays���that of the treatment of silver-lead ores  and the existing conditions which practically  preclude the industry. At his instigation  it was resolved, " That the smelting and refining of our t,ilver-lead ores is an industry  which should be fostered and encouraged by  placing a duty on the raw product of lead imported into Canada." The subject is one to  which we have alluded on several occasions,  ; so that it is unnecessary to go into it again..  If the imposition of a duty be the practical  means of encouraging the industry, by all  .means let us have it. With the Conservative  party in power at Ottawa we might rely upon  such protection as would secure to Canada the  profits to be derived from her natural products.  Free trade is a beautiful sentiment, but pending its general adoption we cannot afford to  discriminate against ourselves.  4S��.  It now appears that an effort was  made by  the European powers   to   interfere   with   the  United States in   the  Cuban   matter.     Very  many were under the impression, prior to   the  opening of   hostilities,   that   while   the   Old  Wurld rulers might quarrel among themselves,  they would not permit any   interference   with  their interests in the   New   World, and   as   it  was a matter between Spain  and  the   United  States, it would be left to Spain to settle   with  the assistance, if necessary,   of   Europe.    W.  Wihon, editor of the London Year   Book and  other publications, amplifies the articles which  were published by the Spectatort on Saturday,  regarding   France's  attitude   war.     He   says,  that not long after the opening of the war   the  French government   conceived   the plan,  the  object of which was to rescue Spain and toad-  minister a rebuke to American ambition,  and  to assert European supremacy in the   complications of the western world.     By a combination of good fortune and diplomatic adroitness  the French government secured the support of  the other continental   powers,   Germany   and  Russia   included.     The   stroke   was   all   but  completely   prepared   and   nothing  remained  but to secure, if not the   active,   at   least,   the  tacit    consent   of  neutrality  of   the   English  government. At this point the  first   and   last-  check to this scheme was received. The English  people, so reasoned the   French   cabinet,   suffered more from American aggression   of late  years than any other nation, and   deeply   angered by the attitude of the Americans,   they  must have reached the limit   of  their  endurance.     It was   thought they were willing to  assume the attitude indicated.     This position  they   refused to   take  and  so  frustrated  the  whole plan.  Sensationalism is one of the objectionable  characteristics of latter-day newspaperdom.  The general tendency is to magnify an evil  and minimize a virtue. Can it be possible  that public sentiment is becoming more depraved, and that to satisfy the thirst for scandal it is found necessary to pry into family  secrets and expose every little act that is not  "ia THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  Mwhat it should be, and   attribute impure and  dishonorable   motives   wherever  there  is the  slightest ground for suspicion ?    For the past  couple of weeks some of the newspapers of the  country    have    been   devoting    considerable  space to a little sensation   which had  its origin in the mind of a  Boston reporter.    Those  fresh young gentlemen   will   stop  at  nothing  short of a sensation, and   the   ingenuity with  which they work up details^ real and imaginary, is more   frequently   criminal   than commendable.    The story, as  started,  was that a  certain   B ptist   minister   had   hurriedly left  Ipswich : his wife had died, and he had mas-  ried another woman.    Then a little eight-year-  old son of   this   lady died.    Nothing extraordinary, so far.    But then there was no sensationalism about such an everyday Occurrence.  All it needed was to suggest poison���-murder !  And forth with the suggestion was made.    The  reverend gentleman in question is well known  throughout   Ontario,   in   which   province   he  held several pastoral charges.    With his wife  he recently came to Kamloops, but no  sooner  had   he   settled   down   there than  the poison  and murder fabrication was   renewed, and almost every paper that handled the subject did  so on the assumption of  the gentleman's guilt  and tried to forge a link in   the   chain of evidence.    But   the   Rev.   Mr. Thompson   defies  them   all   and   boldly   stands   his   ground at  Kamloops.    A telegram from Ipswich, Mass.,  from the chief of police there reads:  11 The stories are, apparently, entirely the work  of sensational newspaper reporters after the departure of the Thompsons.77  There certainly should be some protection  against the evils of sensational ���journalism,  and it is to be hoped that tho^e who have  given prominence to the foul slanders against  the Thompsons will give equal prominence to  a refutation of the groundless charges to which  so much publicity has been given.  Dominion elections act and the Northwest Territories ���representation act and their amendments,  and the Franchise act,  1898,  shall,  subject to the  provisions of this   act,   and   of   any   regulations,  orders or instructions made or given by the  Gover-  nor-iri-Council thereunder, apply, mutatis   mutan-  das, to the conduct of such proceedings,  and with  respect to the powers to be exercised and the duties  to be preformed by,  and   the rights,  obligations,  liabilities,  qualifications [and  disqualifications   of  judges, officers, electors and all other persons, and  with respect to   the   offences   and   the   penalities  which may be incurred.v  Section 83 of the Dominion elections act says: No  spiritous or fermented liquors or strong drink shall  be sold or given at any hotel, tavern, shop or other  place within the limits of any polling district during the whole of the polling day at any election for  the House of Commons ; and every one who violates the provisions of this section shall be liable  for every such offence to a penalty of $100. and to  imprisonment for a term, not exceeding six months  in default of payment of such penalty.  It is clear from the above that saloons must  not be open on September 29.  According to the Vancouver World il the  Canadian seals are willing to surrender all  their rights in the Behring Sea for an indemnity of about $730,000." If the herds secure  the indemnity their lives will not be worth a  week's purchase.  If there is one   day more   than   another on  which the bar-rooms of this countrv ought to  be closed that day is   Thursday, the   29th of  this   month.    The   date  mentioned   is   that  fixed for the taking of the prohibition plebiscite.    If   the   bar   rooms   are   permitted    to  remain open that day the vote  cannot be considered   as   a   fair   expression   of   opinion, as  hundreds of voters  who   are  lukewarm   as to  the   result   of   the   issue   will   assuredly   be  warmed up for the   occasion   by  those whose  interest it is that the   liquor traffic should be  maintained.    It is   claimed   by   many of the  liquor men that as   the   plebiscite   is   not an  election,   the   Election   Act  does   not   apply.  Their contention will not hold good,  however.  Section 6 of the plebiscite bill reads :  For the purpose of submitting the question to  the electors, obtaining an answer thereto, and  ascertaining the result of the vote, the same proceedings, as nearly as may be shall be had as in  the case of a general Dominion election, and the  The inauguration of.   such   a  movement as  that undertaken by Sir Thos: Lipton, to   provide cheap, wholesome,   well-cooked   food   for  the working classes,   is   one   with   which   the  name of the philanthropist, will ever be   identified.      There is nothing of " charity "in the  new scheme beyond the  original   munificence  necessary to start it.      Sir   Thomas   purposes  to give in the first place ��100,000, to   be   followed if necessary by a second ��100,000,   and  if the scheme should sucked and be extended to  Scotland, by ��50,000 more, for the purpose of  providing a public workmen's restaurant in a  central part of each of the great laboring   districts of London.     For a   small   sum,   beginning with twopence (four cents) any man will  be able to enjoy an excellent meal of the   best  food, selected by   the   most   experienced   ptir-  veyor^ and cooked in the most scientific man-   I  ner.      By   the  economy   resulting  from   purchases on a large scale, a nd skilled supervision,  such a scheme can bemade to pay its expenses,  while its advantages to a very   large   number  of the working classes will be immense. There  is no reason to doubt the success of this   great  movement, and once its practicability has been  established, working men's restaurants, under  public supervision,   will   assuredly   follow in  other communities.      Such an   institution   in  the larger   centres   of  population  in  Canada  would be a welcome innovation.  per annum.    During his absence Aid. Teetzel  ordered   an   advertisement   inserted   in   the  Miner.    It was not  stipulated that  it should'  appear among  the " special "telegrams���but  it appeared in the daily edition for one   week,  and also in   the   weekly   edition,   and   all for  $3.60 !    His worship protested against paying  the bill, and declared that had  he   full swing  no   son-of-a-b������r  from   the Miner would be  allowed to be present   at the  meetings of the  council.    It would, of course, be very convenient  if  the   official   organ  was the only organ  represented   at the  council,   but   the   official  organ    is    never   represented   there���except,  indeed,   his   worship   be   its   representative.  At any rate, nothing ever appears   in the official organ that reflects in the   least upon the '  official.    On Monday evening the aldermen���  who    would    have    thought    it ?���protested  'against the language of their  boss, and   when  he expressed his surprise at the mutiny, they  struck  him   in a  tender spot by moving that  by-law No. 15 be  rescinded.    This,  of course,  had to go as a notice of motion.    The   by-law  -  in question reads :  1.    There shall be paid to the mayor of the City  of Nelson the annual sum of two thousand dollars  ($2,000.00) out of the*annual revenue of the City of  Nelson, which said sum shall be payable monthly,  on  the 15th  day of each nionfch, commencing oh  the 15th day of May, A. D. 1S97.  2 This by-law may be cited for all purposes as  the " Mayor's Salary By-Law, No. 15, 1897.'7  There was a short but breezy session of the  City Council yesterday afternoon.      His Worship the mayor presided, but he was in one of  his cantankerous moods, and made things hot  all round.    The city printing and advertising  is not, in Nelson, let, as in all   well-regulated  communities,     by     tender.       His     worship  names his official organ, and the official organ  plays, the  ratepayers,   of  course,   paying the  cost.     During   the   mayor's   latest   vacation  Aid. Teetzel acted in his   stead, by   resolution  of  the   council.    His   worship had   made no  provision whatever for   the   discharge   of the  duties   which   are  supposed  to devolve upon  him, and for the due performance of which he  draws in regular monthly  instalments $2,000  The Liberal-Conservatives of British Columbia have made arrangements   for effectiva organization.      A convention   of   the loyal old  party was held at Vancouver  last  week,   and  the unanimity and   enthusiasm displayed on  the occasion shows that the   Conrervatives of  this province are a thoroughly united  party,  and that the good   work they  have   taken in  hand wdL   be carried out   with   characteristic  energy.      Time was   when   British   Columbia  could jog along  without   politics,   the  "ins "  being the party in power, and the "outs "   the  party who failed to get in.      Those   were the  days   when   this   richest of all   the provinces  was only known geographically and commercially  as a   "sea   of   mountains."      But   the  scene  has   changed.      British Columbia   has  taken   her   place���foremost   among   the   provinces of the dominion.     Her people now exercise an influence   in Canadian politics, and  mnst take a stand on one side  or the other  in  these  politics.      What affects  Canada  affects  British Columbia.      If the  progressive policy  pursued by the late Sir   John A.   Macdonald  and endorsed by   a respectable   proportion of  the people, be that best calculated to advance  the   interests of the country  at large,   British  Columbia cannot afford to stand aloof.      It is  no longer a question of " ins "  and " outs," ���  it becomes one of practical, well-defined politics  and what is good for the dominion as  a whole  must be advantageous to this  province.       At  the Liberal-Conservative convention   arrangements were made for   thorough   arganization,  and it was further   agreed   to   fight the   next  provincial elections on federal party lines. The  duty of all Conservatives now is to prepare for  the fight,   and   resolve   that  victory  shall be  theirs.  $28$  !"y  ���MdWMMUIMUl^rag.Vt'BMMII'a'IVTO^  #1����^^^^  ������lra��!  EflaJlil'WJIWUU IT ��������� SB0B7  ���JBU��RWMUlUlHl>.Jg.^i.Wl"^U!i *g*  JJHJ JHIU fEJIQMWl  SKW THE NELSON ECONOMIST,  GREEK  THEATRE   OF   DIONYSUS.  S. C. N. Goodman.  At the foot of the famous Athenian Acropolis,  on its   south-eastern   side,   still   stands���y'\  though now in ruins���the ancient civic theatre  of Dionysus or  Bacchus,  the most celebrated  theatre  of classic  Greek  tragedy,   where   the  great national dramas of ^E^chylus, Sophocles,  Euripides  and others were  first   represented.  Constructed so far back as 500 years  b.  c.  or  nearl}-' twenty-four centuries ago, the ruins are  still remarkably well preserved and show that  the theatre was in the form of a semicircle and  open to the blue Grecian sky.    The upper tiers  of seats for the vast concourse of  spectators���  for the theatre could hold more  than  twenty-  five thousand   people���were  hewn out  of  the  natural rock of the Acropolis, while the lower  tiers were;made artificially of wood  or ��� stone;  and the lowest tier of all, reserved  for   priests  and   magistrates,   and   situated   immediately-,  round the orchestra, consisted  of sixty-reven  stalls of white marble,which  still  remain  in  situ,  with variqus names of great men   carved  thereon.     .    .    .The stage orVpeaking^place  was a long and narrow platform  with   a   high  wall at the back, named the scene. In tragedy/  the hangings or painted woodwork with which  it was covered usual!v represented a term.le or  sl palace; in comedy, a street  of Athens  or  a  private   house.      The  scene  had three  doors  through which the actors  passed in  and   out.  At the middle point of  the stage  soinest>ps  led   down:':tb,'. the orchestra or dancing place,  which was thus a semicircle,  bounded: by   the  row of marble stalls arid by the stage.!    It was  reserved   exclusively   for   the  chorus,    which  always played an important part in old Greek:  plays.    In the middle-of the orchestra,  forming the central point of the choric' dances, was  the altar of Dionysus.   This altar is not where  it should be, for somehow it has been removed  from   its   rightful   position,   and   now   stands  amongst.a cluster of marble statues  upon  the  ruins of the stage.  It is now three years since I paid my second  visit to Athens; and well do  I  remember  the  lovely spring morning when  I  rested  awhile  on one of the upper seats ox  this  theatre and  looked across the broad,  olive-bearing  plains  of Attica to the harbor of the Piraeus, and then  farther over the dark blue Saronic Gulf to the  purple slopes of iEgina rising in graceful  outline, peak above peak, summit beyond summit  into the clear and cloudless sky.    To the east,  in   the limpid shimmering haze,   lay  honey-  burthened    hymetlu-,   whereon   the   bees   sip  their  fragrant   nectar  from   the   breezy   wild  thyme.    To the left again   were.the ridges   of  Fames and, nearer, the steep sides of Lycahet-  tus;    while  to the right,  far  awray,  rose   the  citadel   of   Acrocorinthus   and  the  rosy  twin  hills of Parnassus.    I then recalled and easily  understood   the  just   nride   of   Aristophanes,  when-he exclained,  "Ob,  thou,  our   Ai.hens,  violet-wreathed,     brilliant,     most      enviable  city!"���for I saw before me a lovely picture of  fair gardens and grey olive groves;   fountains  and  running   streams   and   the   wine-colored  sea; shepherds playing on their pan-pipes and  goats   browsing   upon   the   hilly   slopes;    the  fresh green of the fertile plains below and  the  deep unfathomed blue of the firmament above;  and the circled chorus of violet mountains all  around.    And I imagined" myself to be  back  in that great creative age when the temple of  the Parthenon in its stainless white stood with  all its glory upon the summit of  the  Acropolis on whose slopes I sat, and near it the tutelary  deity  of  Pallas  Athene,  whose  flashing  helmet and bright erected sceptre the sea-worn  mariners  of the iEgean   could   see   from   far  away glittering   in the   morning   sun.      And  then I  thought I was  one  of   a   vast,   glad-  hearted,  sympathetic Athenian   throng   who,  sitting in this theatre and listening writh rapt  and eager attention to one of the great plays  of Sophocles were engaging in a sincere act of  public worship and hearing a great national  drama that was at thec same time a complete  and beautiful work of art. For the general  effect of a Greek tragedy was unlike anything  represented on our modern stage. And for  these two reasons, chiefly : Firstly, the story  represented was one which the whole audience  knew in its main outlines, and which, they  r jgarded as sacred, since the dramatis personce  were the gods and heroes of their race. And  secondly, there was little animated gesture or  movement on the stage. The two or three  actors stood there more like a group of majestic statues, wearing masks, for the calm  granderr of Greek tragedy could and did dispense -..-with animated play of feature, which  wOuld, indeed, have been lost on the spectator s seated over so large a space. The tragic;  actors were madeto look larger than human  by aid of the long tragicmask, a sort of high  wig, copious padding, and very thick-soled  boots or buskins. Hence Milton speaks of  tragedy as "the buskin'd stage " but alludes to  Ben Johnson's comedies as " Jonson's learned  sock," because the ancient comic actors wore  slippers or socci.  i he Athenian Greeks were the first people  who made the drama a complete and beautiful  work of art.    iEschylus was the real founder  of  the Greek   tragedy   in  the   sixth  century  before   the   Christian   era.     The   " tragedy":  which IEschylus foundvexisting was a  sacred;  choral entertainment, something like a modern  oratorio, in which the choral song  and  music  were occasionally relieved by the recitative of  a single actor,  or  by  dialogues between this  actor and the leader of the chorus:   ^schyius  introduced a second actor, and so  made  the  dialogue independant of the chorus, for  the  two actors, by varying their  parts, could  act  a complete story from beginning to end.    The  part of the chorus was not to give  counsel  or  encouragement to the actor?,, or express  the  moral  teachings  and  explain   the  trend and  development   of the events of the play.    Thus   '  there.was a complete change effected, for  previously the  dialogue had  been  secondary  to  choral   song, but  now it became of primary  importance.    During the next century Sophocles first used a third actor, and, later, introduced a fourth in  the  (Edipus at Colosus,   a  play  which, in   sublety   of   structure,   is  the  admitted masterpiece among the Greek   plays  now extant.    " Mute persons," such as guards  and servants, were now brought on the stage  in addition to the regular actors.     The  women's  parts  were  acted   by   men.      When   the  principal character of the play  was that of a  woman, the chorus was composed  of   women,  except   where   the   poet   wished,   for    artistic  reasons,  to   insolate   the   heroine,   as   in   the  Antigone of Sophocles, where  tie chorus consists of Theban elders.     Thus   was  the great  classic Greek tragedy built  up  by  iE~chylus,  who excelled in the majestic sublimity of   his  heroic  characters���though  he   modestly   said  that his plays were only  morsel's  from  Homer's  banquet,   by   Sophocles,   whose   stiength  lay in his perfect delineation of human character, and the elemental passions and great primary emotions of our  nature;   and  by   Euripides,   who, to   quote  Mrs.  Browning, " with  his droppings of warm  tears,"  was  the great  dtamatist of romance and tender pathos.  Fifteen thousand dollars' worth of bonds of  the town of Outremont, in the suburbs of  Montreal, have mysteriously disappeared. The  mayor and secretary treasurer received the  bonds in a parcel at the head office of Molson's  Bank, and then crossed to the office of Hanson  Bros., when the bundle was opened and the  bonds missed.  The Ear.  Every man and woman should be aware of  what (to use a common expression) is bad for  the ear, so that they can avoid placing themselves under such conditions, for example,  as  might damage the hearing, cause permanent  noises in the ear, injure the structure of the  ear, produce inflammation in the ear, or induce  the advent of any  disease  of this   part.     In  short, it is the duty of all who put a true est!  mate on the value of their ears to inform them-   ���'  selves sufficiently to be able to preserve, rather  than run  the risk  of  damaging, either  their  own or. those  of   their   children.      In   giving   ..  such information, as  may  embrace this, and  not go beyond it;   I  wish  especially to avoid  dealing in any way with what  appertains to  disease or inj uries of the ear, except so  far  as  guarding against them is concerned.     So,  in  order to   understand   the   following  remarks,  the briefest outline and most rudimentary idea  of the formation and structure of the  ear will  be sufficient.    It will be enough to know  that  the entrance to the ear is  the beginning of   a  somewhat curved canal (-the external canal of  the ear) of one and a quarter inch  in length,  and   somewhat   narrowed   about   the  middle:  That at the other end of this canal  is   a.delicate   membrane   (the   tynipanic membrane)  which protects and closes the-tympanic cavity  (the drum of the ear); that this smaii  cavity  is -kept ventilated by air from  a narrow tube  (? lie Eustachian Tube),:tlie open end of which  is giaced in the throat in  close  proximity   to '  the back of the nostrils. Alsb that ur apposition -  to the ���dr'u'm of the ear is the nervous  appara- -  tu'a of Hearing  (the  labyrinth).      It  may: ;be   -  "addrd that the drum ot the ear  is  crossed   by  a chain i>f three little b.mes. : -     :  Anvone   armed-'with   nothing   beyond   the  very sirris*Ie  information  which  these words  j  convey would noi  allow  a  child   to  have  its  ears bnx-d, for he would have before his mind  the possibility of injuring   the  delicate membrane referred to, or nervous structure behind  it, ami at no great distance from the  external  e'ir.    It" this be so, the desirability  of  greater'  knowledge than now  obtains  on  this subject  is at once demonstrated.    .    .    .    It must also  be remembered that the hearing is verv often  irreparabl}- damaged from  shock  to the nervous structure which is caused by.the  sudden  compression of air within the  external canal,  even when   the  membrane escapes without   a  rupture.    In e.hort a  violent box  on the  ear  is about as senseless, as cruel a proceeding as a  violent blow on   the  eye.     The  fact that the  eye is in the sight of all, and  that  the ear  is  hidden from view, is surely no reason why the  latter should be ruthlessly damaged any more  than the former.    ...    It will be seen, then,  that there  is  considerable danger  in even  a  very slight  blow,  such  as   might  be   and   is  sometimes given when a  child creeps  up  behind anyone, and in play gives them a pat on  the ear.    This will, occasionally,  damage the  hearing permanently,   and  induce a   troublesome singing noise in the ear. The same may  also follow any very loud sound,  close to  the  ear, given in an unexpected manner.    A familiar instance of this accident I have on several  occasions known to  happen from   the  whistle  of an  engine, the person  whose  hearing  was  damaged  standing close up to, but  with  his  back towards, the engine.  . .    .    ..   It may be  briefly said that most navahmenand artillery  men have their hearing damaged at one time  or another from guns, and indeed it is only  what might be expected from the terrific  explosions to which they are exposed on duty;  but, Resides this, it is not an infrequent experience1 that a great degree of deafness is traceable rather to some single explosion near to  which the man has been standing than to the  frequent discharges  of guns.     The old  brass THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  guns that used to  be  employed on training  ships were responsible for many  a damaged  ear of the young men, and seem  to have had  a peculiarly injurious effect, altogether disproportionate to the size of the gun.     In the  army the musketry instructor is exposed to  great risk in this direction, and  it is difficult  I   to guard against it. In short, with our soldiers  T    and sailors a certain   loss  of hearing seems  almost inevitable.    So far as game shooting  is concerned, everyone who shoots a great deal  knows perfectly well  that  in  most cases the  hearing of the left ear after a  few years  is  hot   so good as that of the right, and when  black powder was used instead of the various  chemical powders, wood powder, E.G., and  many others, this effect was very much more  pronounced-,    In the Eastern counties, where  the shooting is on a large scale, and four or  rive hundred shots are constantlyfired by one  man in one day^ the deaf ness of the left ear so  produced used to go by the name of Norfolk  deafness.    In the old days also of Hu rlingham,  when the charge was not restricted, as it now  is, I hardly knew a man who shot there (and  I knew many of them)  that could hear well  with theleft ear.    Even now, notwithstanding  that chemical powders  are almost invariably  used, of six middle-aged men  who are part-  ridge-driving, if they are old hands at it, you  might safely  say  that not one of them  has  good hearing  with  the left ear.     I,  for one,  certainly think it is  a  small penalty  to  pay  for the years of pleasure   which they obtain  from the sport,   but  dealing with this subject  plainly   the  fact   must   be   mentioned.���-Sir  William  B.  Dalby,  F.R.C.S.,   in   Longman's  Magazine,  LARRY'S    LETTER.  HpGAN's Alley, September 5.  Deer Tim���^Tis sorry I am to tell ye that  the summer's purty well over here���I main  that its at an ind, for ov coorse we haue summer over here as well as ye have summer over  in owld Ireland. Ye know, Tim, that I'm as  fond ov early, rising as a little boy is of his  prayers, but ail the same, when I gets up these  fjine mornings I feels a touch of frost, as  much as to say " I'm coming." Now, Tim,  Detune the grate hait an' the grate cowld, meself foinds it hard to choose. On the point ov  wether I'm madium. Now, Tim, when I gives  in to be a madium, I don't main that I'm  won ov them quare people that can close their  eyes, go into a trance, an' get transported to  the realms above or below, according to the  humor what they* calls their " control" is in.  I was axed the other noight be & frend ov me  own if I was a Spiritualist, an' if I believed in  sperits. " That depinds upon the kind ov  sperits ye mane," says I. " I mane departed  sperits," says he. " Then I'm not in wid ye,"  says I," for if the sperits I'm thinkiug ov isn't  presint in evidence I have no 4ise for thim."  " I don't mane prohibition," says he. " Nai-  ther do I," says meself, " but ye moight be  afther letting me into the saicret of what ye  do mane." Wid that he towld me that they  wor going to have what he called a seance  that night, an' he axed meself if I wouldn't go  to it.    Since  I   was  never  at  won   ov thim  things afore, I gave me consent, an' off I goes  wid me frend to the house ov me frend's frend.  As soon as we got to the  doore,   he  walks in,  laiving  meself  outsoide until  he'd announce  me, an' foind out if the other  sperits  'd have  any objexions to the presince among thim ov  Larry Finnv   Well, he wasn't long gone, Tim,  till he was back wid me agin.    "'Tis  a dark  seance they're having, Larry," says me frend,  says he.    " I doesn't care what the color ov it  is," says I, " an'now that you're after bringing me this far, I'm going to know something  of the science or seance, or  whatever  ye calls  it," says I to him, says I.    Wid that, Tim, he  ketches a howld ov me be the left hand an' I  heerd some chap that was  behoind us  saying  " Laid on" Mike Puff," an' he laided.    It was  a dark seance, sure enough, for sorra  stim of  loight there was at alt at  all.    I  don't  know  whether it was meself or me  frend  that was  doing the trimbling,  but  I  felt the quarest  sensation   I   ever   exparienced.       Me   frend  groped his way into the darkness,,pulling meself along wid him, an V stumbling over a chair  hisself,he dropped me into another.    Sorra a  thing was to be  seen, Tim, but  darkness, an'  whatever hair  is left  on   me  head   stood up  straight.    I began to fumble in me pocket for  a match as soon as I come  to me  sinses,   but  sorra a lucifer could I foi - id, tho' I  thought I  found a strong smell of f-ulphur.    Then all ov  a sudden 1 heerd a   voice   saying   " There's a  strange sperit wid us tonoight," maneing meself, I suppose.    It was the voice of   a   farnule  woman, an' she  began to   ting  beautifully���  doh, ray���ray���-me, fah-���sob, la���la, see, see  la, ray���la, ray.    Meself was puzzled to know  how she could see Lar-ry in the dark ; but me  frend must have gave her the tip.    Then there  was some rapping an' nocking, an1   the quarest noi-es ye iver heerd, an' the won  that was  singing about seeing Larry began to tell us ov  other things she was seeing.    Faix I   thought  I knew her voice, Tim, but   where  I  heerd it  before  I couldn't   think   for   the  life ov me.  Then   they  began   spelling   out   letters,  an'  when they cum to the right letter they'd be a  knock or two.    When they came to   K  there  was a rap, an' when they cum to T there was  another, an' then they axed if anywon presint  knew a Katie.   '"I do,"  says   meself,   "an if  ye  plaise  you'll try how an I an' a D an' an  A '11 work."    Well,   they   tried  it,   an   sure  enuf the answer was K T's I D A.    "If this is  another of Katie's ideas," says I, "I'm out ov  the game, for that yung woman  is   altogether  too bright for me."    That's  the won   that I  met���or that met me���at the pick-nick that I  was telling ye about last week, an' I couldn't  stand any more of her I D A's.     " If ye don't  let me out of this," says I, "I'll brake up the  whole  shooting  match,"   an wid  that  some  chap  struck   a  match an'   I   made  for   the  doore.    WL��m  I'm  caught at another seance  it'll be a loighter won than that, I'll go bail.  I was axing me frend the next morning who  was there in the dark, an' he towld me ov a  lot ov peeple that I niver thought 'd have anything to do wid sperits. But I found out that  among the lot was me frend Katie, or K T,  that I met  at the pick-nick���the   won   what  tried to deluder me, an' that's been telling  everybody as how she's engaged to me. But  tis all broken off betune us now, Tim, an' if  the seance did no more than this tis glad I am  that I went there. Ov coorse I had to brake it  gintly to me deludering Kate, an* this is how  I dun it :  Katie, deer, me heart 'twas brakeing,  Brakeing truly'twas for you,  But from, sperits you've been taking,  Meself I'm forced to bid adieu.  Katie, whin I heerd that rapping  In the dark an' deep seance,  How me heart it went a-flapping  Whoile yerself was in the trance.  Katie, whin ye tuk to singing  How ye sounded La an' ray I  Your ideas bright wor swinging,  Loike unto the pick-nick day.  Katie, deer, our hearts must sever,  , We can ne'er united be,  For tis you that's much too clever  For a poor gossoon loike me. ,   .  No more  this toime, Tim,  from your  old  frend ' Larry Finn.  YMIR.  .   (Special Correspondence of The Economist)  Mrs. Dr. Pazzant left for Bridgeport, Con.,  on Thursday last, via C.P.R. A large gathering of friends bid her adieu.  Professor J. C. Davin, the geologist, has accepted a position with the Walters' Co.,, Spokane. He left here last week for Douglas  Island, Alaska, to inspect a large free-milling  proposition. We expect him back in Ymir in  about a month.  The London & B.C. Gold Fields have given  Frank Lj,vin an order for 100,000 feet of flum-  ing.  A petition is in circulation for a trail up  Hidden Creek. This trail, if built, would  prove of great value to Ymirites and property  owners in the district, as there are some very  promising properties at the head of the creek.  Our efficient constable, Forrester, has been  very busy of late attending to duties along the  line between Waneta and Hall.  Messrs. Neil & McLennon and Reini & Kla-  nano are hauling the lumber up to the Ymir  mine. Up to date they have taken about 100-  000 feet.  The concentrator and stamp mills of the  Ymir and Porto Rico mines are being rapidly  built. All the frame-work is in place, and by  the first week in October we shall probably see  both mills running.  Mr. John McLeod has moved th�� postoffice  into the new building, which is a decided improvement over the old one.  The Kamloops Standard says that the railroad charter for a road from Ashcroft to Cariboo, which has been in existence for some  years, has been taken over by an English company and work on the road may commence at  any time. It must begin before Jan. 1 or the  charter will be forfeited. By the terms of  this charter a land grant of 10,000 acres per  mile for a narrow gauge railroad and 20,000  acres per mile a board gauge, is given by the  government as a bonus, but no cash subsidy.  It is believed that the road will be a narrow  gauge and that construction [from Ashcroft  will begin within a few weeks.  ���r:W:..-;^.,y'��,7';...ft',;:-1jivr.  -v*rv �����.���!���� 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  LOCAL AND  PROVINCIAL.  3     -  I  Miss Emily Hatch is leaving town to-day  for Grand Forks, on a visit.  Tom, Rendall, for drunkenness and disorderly conduct, was yesterday morning fined  $10 and costs by police magistrate Crease.  An engineer from Denver, Col., has secured  the contract of building tne 10-stamp mill and  concentrator for the Porto Rico .mine, Rossland. ,'���'.       . ; ���;.'���:  The Honolulu mineral claim in Copper  camp, in the Boundary country, has been  purchased by an  Ontario  syndicate   for $10,-  OOOcash. ���->."c.--'v: y ���'"'"}:  "Across the Alps on a Wheel " is the title of  a lecture to be given in the Presbyterian Church  to-morrow evening by Rev. C.W. Gordon, of  Winnipeg, secretary of the British   Canadian  mission. '        :'       ':yyy':,yy,. .-;;,;'.:_-/  ������*"'"-.:  The 31st August was the last date upon  which ratepayers could.pay in to the city  treasury so as to get the rebate of one-sixth  Up to that date $6,244 83 had been paid in  out of a total of $8,748.42. \  . ��� A group of South Belt properties, includihg  the Lily May, situated on Deer Park mountain, has been sold for $360,000 to the English-  Canadian company. The properties have  been transferred and the money paid.  According to the ;Siickirie River Journal  another stampede to new gold diggings has  occurred. This time the rush is to the Hoo'a-  linqua, and from $20 to $40; per day to the  man is what the pay dirt is 3ail to bS running  The Big Bump is a great property, adjoining the Second Relief. There is a 200-foot  tunnel cut with drifts of 100 feet and an upraise of 150 feet to the surface. A crown  grant has been applied for.  There is at present in the city lock-up a  man whose identity is not quite clear. He is  believed to be insane. Medical examination  shows that he is not at present in his. right  mind, but whether it is a case of temporary  insanity or not remains to be seen.  Major Walsh, ex-commissioner of the Yukon  district, who has just returned, says the district in the vicinity of Dawson is over-populated by about 10,000 people, and they; must  either move out and prospect new territory or  leave the district.  The people of Grand Forks are agitating for  the appointment of a resident govern merit agent  at Grand Forks, whose district would extend  from Penticton to Cascade City. At present  this section is under the government agent at  Vernon, where it takes three days for a letter  to reach.  Mr. John Keen, assessor, held a sale of land  for taxes due to the 31st December 1897, at the  Courthouse, Nelson, on Thursday last. The  sale had been advertised in The Economist for  some time prior to date, and there was a large  attendance of buyers, who knew exactly what  they wanted and about what they would have  to pay for it. This facilitated matters considerably, but it was the tact and decision with  which Mr. Keen rattled through the long list  of some 440 lots at good prices, that makes the  sale phenomenal.  During the month of August the land department of the Canadian Pacific Railway  disposed of 19,448 acres of land for the total  sum of $64,890. This is more than double  the sales of August a year ago, when 9,650  acres were disponed of for $30,209.  B. 0. Riblet has made a collection for the  C. P. R.of beautiful samples of "ore from all  the leading properties of the Slocan. The  specimens, which weighed over 1,000 pounds,  were shipped to the head ' pffi.ce of the company in Montreal. . From there they .will be  taken to London tqbe displayed in the C. P.R.  offices and .later will be exhibited at the  Paris exhibition. > ���"  ; Prospectors say that a trail from Russell's  Siding to Macrea Basin would be a great convenience, and would tend to the development  6f that rich district. A grant of some $2,500  was made for this trail last session, and the  prospectors are wondering why the work has  been delayed. The Only trail at present into  the White N rouse country is by way of Sanca  ���a very circuitous route.  There is now considerable^/ activity in  Sheridan camp, Colyille reservation: a number  of prospectors are in the field endeavonn.g to  find properties like the Zala M. Clarke  ."&' Co.j who own the Clara Belle are engaged  in doing the assessment ..work on the property  and feel much encouraged over the showing  made. The Clara Belle adjoins the Zila M.  on the north.'  : Fred Johnson, Vancouver, has entered an  action for damages against the federal government. Mr. Johnson went in to the far north  some years ago, and was one of the first to  reach D.iwsbn City when the big discovery of  gold was made. Mr. Johnson wants damages  because he alleges th it he has "been done out "  of three claims through the action of the recording officials at Dawson City.  Messrs. Humphreys &   Pittock   have taken  over  the  Central   Fruit   Store, by   purchase,  from  T.   Booth,   and   intend   to   enlarge   the  business.    If conscientious dealing and a well-  selected stock will secure  trade���and  nothing  is better calculated   to   do   so���Messrs. Humphreys & Pittock will succeed, and   their customers will not only.be satisfied but, gratified.  It is said that the Commander deal is practically completed.   .The   new  company  will  have a capitalisation of $1,000.000,.  Of   which,  half will form the treasury reserve.     The Old  Commander   company, was   incorporated   for  $500,000, so that the old shareholders will receive share for   share  in  the  new  company.  Out of the treasury stock the English   syndicate, which is interesting   itself  in   the  company, will take sufficient stock to   provide   all  the*money needed for   carrying   along operations.  The Second Relief Gold Mining Co. are  applying for a crown- grant for one of the  most promising properties on the North Fork  of the Salmon River. There are 600 feet of a  continuous chute of ore stripped on the surface, and two tunnels, running in about 200  feet each, crosscut a rich vein of concentrating  ore, quartz and pyrites. Two hundred samples assayed give an average of $60 to the ton.  A wagon road is being built from Erie to the  mine (a distance of some 13 miles), and five  miles have already been made. Contractor  Glase is pushing the \vbrk, and expects to  have the distance covered by October 10. The  company will erect a concentrator as soon as  the road is finished , the machinery has already been shipped.  What was probably the largest single blast  ever .get off in railway construction in the  Northwest, was exploded last week on the line  Of the new Robson-Pentiction branch of the  Columbia & Western railway. Itconsistedof  500 kegs of black powder,,,or 12,500 pounds,  and was used by. J. Nelson & Co., a sub-contractor under Contractor. Videau, whose ranch  is located about eight miles below Brooklyn.  The blast was exploded by means pf electricity,  and those who witnessed the grand sight say  that at least 40,000. cubic yards of rock were  displaced.when the electric button was touched.  CRAWFORD    BAY.  Special'Correspondence ofTHE Economist.  | Last Saturday's boat brought us E.- G.  Wilson, of Nelson, who toak a trip Up Hooker  Creek to lo/>k at some claims ; and E. P.  Thomson, of the California Wine Co, who  came for a few'days' rest and fishing.  Oil MondayMessrs Pigby,; of the Pyramid  Cop per Go., cahi^ in f rp m the S t Mary ?s w h ere  they are developing two groups of claims.  They say the claims are showing up well, and  brought out some very nice looking rock.  ��� E.Dig.by makes a business trip to -Nelson,  M. W..R. pigby going out with supplies and two  or three more men.  ; Mr. C��kle, of the H umbold L-, came in Wednesday with some more men and went up  Thursday. ;-  Messrs Brook and Co. came down Thursday  from their claims on Canyon Creek, where they  and others have been digging quite extensive  tunnels. They brought down some very fine  specimens of gre}r copper and galena, the grey  copper particularly fine.  On Thursday Mr. Byrne of the Maple Leaf  Mining Co left here with two men to look at  some clainas.  The Crea Bros left Thursday for their home  in Idaho having done this assiment work for  the year.  Mr.   Hillay,  Humbvlt,  came  down    Friday  bound for Kaslo to get mose men.  Messrs Haughtob have left for another  months prospecting.  The Philippines have three seasons, a cold  (from November to March), which is pleasant  and bracing for Europeans ; a hot (March to  June), with violent thunderstorms ; and a wet  (June to November), when the rain falls in  torrents and the lowlands are flooded. The  population is about eight millions, the capital  having 154,000 of these. Sugar, hemp, coffee,  indigo, and tobacco are the principal exports.  There are 70 miles of railway and 720 miles  telegraph on the island. The number of  Spaniards there is a very small fraction of the  whole population. THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  THE.STOBM.  ���, y  A sudden gale had sprang up from  the- northeast; great black backed gull  and feeble winged puffing had been  forced'alike through the smoking mists  inland; 'Niglit fell amid the clash of  .wind and sea. A harrow track winding  round the cliffs led past a cottage; light  shone from the windows, and in the  ;-kitchen, were three women. The youngest, lay in !a truckle bed, a baby against  her breast; ' an' old woman, tall, gaunt  and white haired, sat at a table, the  Bible before her, muttering over familiar passages with awkwardlips; the  third moved ��� softly about the room preparing supper. She stood a moment by  the bed, as the child broke into a long,  low wail.  '' Poor lamb!" she said. *' He frets as  if your breast was cold to him.''  "Maybe 'tis cold," replied the sick  girl indifferently.  '' Aye, but not tonight, .Nan, '' the  other protested,' 'and his father out in  a storm like this." y  "The Lord have mercy on the lad,"  exclaimed the old woman, glancing up,  "he's got that scamp Rab Tapp wi' him"  in the boat. Scores o' times I've told  Joss 'twould be safer to sail 'long o'  decent folk."  Nan stirred uneasily. "Rab's as good  as the rest o' 'em," she muttered, "and  & long ways handier."  " Handy wi' his tongue belike,'' retorted the old woman, ' * there ain' t his  equal for lying in this here parish. 'Tis  only reasonable that the Lord should be  angered ag'in him, though maybe the  Almighty will mind that Joss has been  a good son to me and spare the boat."  She was silent a moment, listening to  the continuous clamor of the massive  door bolts that barred back the storm.  '' Aye, that Rab,'' she burst out fiercely,  "they should cast him. overboard the  same as the men o' Joppa cast the  prophet Jonah, son of Amittai. Who  knows but the Almighty may be speaking now by the voice o' the wind? 'Cast  him out, cast him out, and the raging  waves o' the sea shall foam upon his  shame.'"  "How dare 'ee speak such words as  them!" cried the girl, springing up in  bed. "The Lord ain't no Moloch to devour men's lives."  "And what's Rab Tapp's life to  thee?" replied the other sternly. "It ill  becomes a mother with her first chile at  breast to be taking such thought for  furren men's lives."  "Come, come, mother," interposed  the third woman, "let Nan be. Supper's on the table, and you'd feel better  for a snatch o' sommat."  "I did well to name 'ee Martha,"  cried the old woman, turning on her.  '' Your thoughts be too much taken up  wi' the things o' this world. What call  have I for bite or sup when the great  starved sea is hungering after my son?  Aye, but Joss, lad, lad,'' she continued  to herself, "and you that fond o' whistling!"  Martha made no answer, but, pouring out a cup of tea, brought it to the  sick girl. "Happen 'twill quench your  thirst a bit, Nan,'' she said.  " 'Taint that kind o' thirst," replied  the other wearily.  "Take it all the same, lass," Martha  urged, and the girl drank.  " 'Tis salt as the sea!" she exclaimed,  pushing the cup from her with a shudder. "Seems as if-I knowed the taste o'  drowning.''  "And well you may, " exclaimed the  old woman, "when your man is forced  so nigh to it."  '' Joss will not be drowned, *' replied  her daughter-in-law carelessly. "What  for should he be drowned? Oh, my  God,'' she ended, with abrupt change  of voice,, as the hurrying scream of  the  Itorm wrenched its way tnrougn rne  lottage, "why did yer make the sea?"  She flung herself back in the bed, and  the child began once .more to cry, but  she paid no heed to it.  "Poor heart, " said Martha, stooping  and raising the baby in her arms, "h��  frets over things. " She walked to and  fro in the little kitchen, her face press-  ��� ed close against the child's, her soft  brown hair mingling with his soft,  downy fluff. "My own chile," she continued meditatively, "was wonderful  jontentsome."  "Your own chile!" exclaimed the  harsh voiced old woman. "Why, your  own chile was born dead!"  *' Her was never dead to me,'' Martha  answered gently. "I used to talk a deal  to her lying there so close and trustful  ag'in my heart. But now I sorter feel  that if ms and Jim had another chile  maybe 'twould be born dead."  "Aye, and no wonder,". retorted her  mother.    "A more  shiftless body than  ! Tim 1 ain't come across, always trapes-  ; Ing round in   searching work and never  Uidmg   it.    He's a poor stick.    The sea  I never gave him no call, and you can sit  Lere and eat your victuals content, come  storm, come clear.'-1  The sick girl raised herself on her  arm. "There's one thing-I never could  :athom," she exclaimed with'sudden interest, '' and .that' Schis^beingbwh brother   to  Rab.   Why, he ain't no patch oh  him.".- -"���;;���������;'-���;.������-r^r^-^ ���-'������ V'"'���',."--'";:  "No,"   rejoined ; her. mother-in-larw  ���pharply. / "He's: ;more; fool , than cheat  tor certain.   If 'twor  he out in the boat  wi'  Joss, happen   the Lord might-over-y  look him. "��� ; ^,.  The girl's dark eyes flashed, and Martha interposed in a hurt voice: "Maybe  'Jim ain't so quick at the take up as  Eab, but he's mortal persevereshous at  trying.' Arter all, Nan," she added,  "you ain't   never seen Rab4 but twice. "  "No, I ain't never seen him but  ���twice," the girl repeated.  "And when you did meet never spoke  much to one 'nother, "continued Martha wonder ingly.  "No, us never spoke much to one  'nother."  "Aye, certain," exclaimed Martha.  "Why, the last, time he corned in herft  'twas a matter of three weeks ago. You  was sitting up in front of the fire nursing the chile, and he jest stood over  again 'ee by the chimneypiece, sorter  thoughtful. 'Do you love it?' he axed, I  'do you love it?' but you didn't make  no answer. Them were his words. Do j  you mind, Nan?"  "Yes," said the girl softly, "I  mind." ' !  " 1Twas a queer question I reckoned  to put to a mother, but there, you ain't  never been terrible up wi' the chile."      |  "No." i  "Maybe you didn't speak to him sort- i  er  tender  afore you  borned him, same  as I did my little girl. "  "No."  "Yet 'twor my chile that was born  dead."  "Aye," the girl answered fiercely,  "and ain't mine born dead too?"  The elder woman glanced at her in  astonishment. "What ails you, Nan?"  she exclaimed. "Why, the poor lamb  is calling for the breast.''  "I don't hear it call," the girl answered stonily.  Martha looked down with sad eyes at  the child on her knee. "You don't love  it terrible tendersome," she said.  The girl, turning away her head,  made no reply. Without the storm  clamored more fiercely and the faces of  the listening women grew white and  tense.  "Pray for them at sea," exclaimed  Martha, glancing at her mother.  "And ain't I praying for 'em?" ex-  rvr&tijisLteA the old woman passionately.  "Say ��� the "word' aloud,. m<5thef,' ana  let us join in."  ���The old woman clasped her hands,  worn with toil, knotted with age, and  sank on her knees. Her thin lips trembled, but no words broke from them.  Wind and sea, as if in derision at her  helplessness^, burst into more hideous  combat, and the thunder heaved its way  through their clamor with a noise like  the splitting, of mountains.  "O God!" sobbed the woman, "he  wor a good son to  me*  a  good  son  to  ��>  me.'-' .:���She.was silent a moment, and the  storm without upreared itself against  the cliffs, rocking, the cottage in its  heavy embrace. "O God!" she burst  forth again, 'Ye would have spared  Sodom for the sake o' ten righteous men,  and 'twor a terrible big and wicked city  r���spare the boat cause o' Joss! I  wouldn't have axed so bold if 'twor a  ship, but it' s nought but a boat, mortal  small and tiddleliwinkie, wi' only dree  men and a lad in it,; and the lad's a descent lad come o' respectable church  folk, no chappelites a-setting o' their-  selves up above their! betters. Happen  you're angered ag'in Rab Tapp, and  well you might be, for he's not over and  above conspicuous in good works. Still  he' s young���and youth' s laming time-  but, if ye be terrible set on cutting him  off���and I' 11 not deny the temptation-  then, O Lord GodV speak to J ffcs through  ' the mouth o' the winds, same as ye did  the men o' Joppa, so that he shall rise  and cast Rab forth into the deep, and  the sea shalLcease her raging!"  : As phc uttered the last words the sick  girl .sprang from the bed and caught the  old. woman by-the shoulders. "How  dare 'ee mind the Almighty o' Rab's  weaknesses at such a time, " she cried  passionately.  ." And do you reckon that the Lord  has forgotten 'em?" replied the old woman in a hard voice. "Ain't they all  written in the booko' judgment?"  "There . be scores and scores o' folk  on the sea tonight, " the girl answered,  "deal wickeder folk than Rab, and why  should the Almighty be special took tipi  wi' he? Oh, 'twas cruel, cruel 6' yer to  put'him in mind o' the lad. "  "Ain't the names o' all sailor men  written on the same page, that the Lord  may rend and choose in the winking o'  an eye? And shall I see my own cast  away for fear o' speaking out?" remonstrated the old woman fiercely. "My  firstborn, that lay. at my breast and  milked me trustsome. Shame on you to  think o' stranger folk afore your own  wedded husband. "   _.  While she spoke there was the sound  Df heavy knocking on the door without.  Martha crossed the room, shot back the  great bolts, and a man, pale faced,  drenched and battered, staggered in.  The old woman gave an abrupt, keen  cry. '' My son !'' she exclaimed, and  would have taken him in her arms, but  ne put her gently aside and came toward the girl, who stood barefooted on  the cold stone floor, her long brown  nair curling over her coarse nightgown.  "Nan," he cried, "sweetheart, woman, wife, God's has given me back to  'ee."  "And Rab?" she said hoarsely.  "The sea has taken its toll. Rab's  drowned," he answered.  " 'Twas he I loved, not you," ah��  cried and fell at the man's feet as dead.  ������London Outlook.  How Mozart Improvised.  Some interesting things are recorded  of Mozart, who, like Mendelssohn and  Beethoven, was great at improvisation.  At a party of musicians one day he invited Mine. Niclas, the vocalist of his  day, to suggest a theme, which she did,  and from the refrain she sang he evolved  a brilliant and charming fantasia.  Jahn, in his "Life," mentions that  when as a child he extemporized a song  on the wore! "FerficTo^ Be "Became very  excited, struck the clavier like one possessed and several times sprung up from  his seat. After a rehearsal of his "Ido-  meheo" a writer says the oboe and horn  players "went home half crazy," so delightful to musicians was Mozart's music, wliile during the rehearsal of "Le  Nozze di Figaro," when Benucci was  singing "Non piu andrai," the orchestra and listeners were all at the same  moment so excited and enthusiastic over  it they rose as one , man, crying,  "Bravo, bravo, maestro; viva, viva,  grande Mozart.'' When the composer of  the immortal "Twelfth Mass" produced  his "Entfuhrung- aus., dem Serail" in  1782, the emperor of., Austria expressed  the opinion that it was "too fine for our  ears, my dear Mozart���too many notes.''  To Which Mozart replied, "Exactly as  many notes as are required, your majesty. "  Self Made Men of Other Days.  The   self   made   man is by no means  solely   the   product   of   modern    times.  Columbus was a weaver, Franklin was  a  journeyman   printer, Pope   Sixtus V  was  employed   in his  younger days in  keeping  swine,   Robert   Burns  was   a  plowman, .iEsop was a slave, Homer was  a beggar, Daniel De Foe was apprenticed  to  a  hosier, Demosthenes was the   son  of  a cutler, while Virgil was a baker's  son.    Ben Jonson was a bricklayer, Cer-'  vantes was a common. soldier, Canova's  father was a   stonecutter and   Captain  Cook   commenced   life   as a cabin boy.  Haydn, the musician,, was the son of  a  poor wheelwright, Pizarro,    instead   of  going to school, was sent tp keep hogs,  Kirke   White.'s ......father  was a butcher,  and Keats' father kept a livery stable.  PERSONAL  MAGNETISM.  Eho old house hasn't seen a day of such excitement since  That baby was enthroned a monarch there.  His wish was more  respected far than that of  any prince,  And news of him was listened to with care.  Of course there was excitement, when his mother told us all  That for his father he, in language plain,  Had several times, witliearnest emphasis, been  heard to call  And that doubtless he would do it soon again.  His mother and his  father'and  his uncle and  his aunt  And the hired girl and thofarmhand3 gath-  ���" ered round.  Sbu'd   have   thought  a> famous tenor had arrived to lead a chant'  By the way they stood  and   listened for the  sound.  3?hey watched his face for symptoms of an intellectual start.  No oracle was ever more revered,  And when   he   smiled  and  spoke his mother  held him to her heart,  And his father and  the  hired men whooped  and cheered.  <2he years have passed above him. He's a grows  up patriot now.  He lectures to the masses oft and long.  Success has sometimes paused to place a laurel  on his brow,  And his mental grasp is wonderfully strong,  But he cannot hold an   audience in a still, expectant spell,  Though he's   been a speaker  since he was a  lad,  Ashe  did when, in   the  cradle  long  ago, he  couldn't tell  A  thing   we  didn't    know,   but   just  said  "Dad!"  ���Washington Star.  Asparagus.  Asparagus was originally a wild sea-  coast weed of Great Britain and Russia  and is now so plentiful on the Russian  steppes that the cattle eat it like grass.  In some parts of southern Europe the  seeds are dried and used as a substitute  for coffee.���Philadelphia Inquirer.  Woman's Wiles.  "What a hold Maud seems to have am  all her rejected suitors."  "Why shouldn't she, the artful thing?  She always tells a man, when she refuses him, that she is afraid to marry a  liandsome man because she would be so  ���jealous."���Cincinnati Euqiiirer. 8  THE NELSON: ECONOMIST.  h\  y\  'I  G  A BURGLAR CAUGHT.  I  "There is no use^talking, Mr.. Wylks, f  cannot stand this much longer. ..Yon  have been out every night this week un- .  til after 12, and I haven rt slept a wink,v.v  fretting aiid worrying about you until L  am almost tired put. '*  "Well, donf'i*wo2^.,abp.ufcv.m��,  dear.  Go to sleep tonight and, get .a good .resjt.''  "That is just like a man  to  talk. so. .  Go  to . sleep,  indeed J    I  presume you..  would and leave the  house to take care..  of itself, .to be broken into, by burglars^..  and maybe "the whole family would be,,  murdered. ..If you.loved me.as you.,use(t  to  when  we  first- were  married, you.  would not be willing, to leave me every  evening for the clubhouse, while I.wor-  ry and  fret. and get my _nery.es all.un-^.  strung.''  "It is'necessary that I should attend^  to these things," my dear. The' country,  must be governed, and its growing  needs require constantwatchfulnessand  new laws... I don't mean to be out any'  more than I am obliged "to. You must,  be willing1'to" sacrifice a little for the"  good of your"''country. Just make up  your mind that you will go to sleep,"  and you won't be troubled any further  with Wakefulness.' *  "The "idea oi me coolly making up  iny mind to" go "to sleep while you are  out is perf ec tly preposterous. I wouldn' t  be so heartless! "      ���     -   : *  "Well, 'I won't go out tomorrow  night. - I'll stay in with you, but tonight  I must." f"'"  " Oh, deaf, I suppose I must stand it,  but I'm sure something will happen. I  have'a.presentiment,"'aiid when did my  presentiments ever fail? We may never  see each' other again.' If you' come home  and. find baby and me killed, don't be  surprised.  "I'll  try   not  to  be,"   replied  Mr.  Wylks,- as he put on  his  oveircoat 'and.  smiled down at jfche troubled iace of his  wife.    Then he gave, tier  a gQpcibjrr kiss  and left her, and she  hurried  through  the houls&>r'fo'~maxe^ sure that   the^vinr  dowswere all" fastened * down, and the  bolts of .th�� doors pushed into their fas-v  tenings,  and . then;. .she  sat. dowll. and  read alr.tlie'-s1;artrin%''.acpiden6s, the terrible burglaries and ;the frigh'tfuj. murders that the daily papers  furnished so  plentifully, and wnen she had get her-  self^wrought  up so ���" that /she could   sit.  still no longer she once more visited all:  the windows*and doors and warned tlie  girls against removing a  single .bolt or  bar. . Then she returned to. her cozy sitting room and sat down in silance, listening for the sounding of some  thieving wretch and   trying to imagine what.  she should  do  if  one  of  the  villains  should confront .her  and  demand  her.  jewels and the key to the silver closet.  Time  went on and the  clock struck,  11; still  she  was  undecided what  she  had better do if any thing unusual should .  happen.    The girls had  gone up to bed  and were undoubtedly sound asleep.  Half an hour crept by. Baby cried,  out in his sleep,, and Mrs. Wylks hastened to him, for there was no nurse to  attend him. Mrs. Wylks never would  trust the little darling with any one but  herself. She shut and fastened the bedroom door, and lay down beside her lit-.  tie one to soothe him to sleep. The clock  struck 12, and then Mrs. Wylks heard  a noise. Breathlessly she listened. Soft  footsteps were creeping up the stairs.  They paused a moment at her door and  then she heard the knob turn, but as  the door did not open" the midnight marauder passed softly on. She heard him  enter the sitting room, and for a moment all was still.  "Something must be done,".soliloquized Mrs. Wylks, as she softly raised  herself from beside her sleeping infant.  -'i lie h��re. and, let everything be.  . carried, out.^oF^^Kef.: :fipuse,^ ./ T\ .must  do.  something."  Softly, she turned^ fehe key anxi gentSjv  opened ,~th�� door and- noiselessly^cxeptL  into  th#Y. hall, determined   tQ ,do something..;. Trem blinglyi- she <"crep.t toward?  -the sitting-room door,, expecting, .every ,  < moment to b�� met by-.the�� monster pf  a-  lawbreaker, s She   gained  the,   sittings  room door and peeped.cautiously in..,.No���>.  one was  in.,, sight, but ���< she heard-~yes,  "she  very distinctly.heard-rrrSOme one in..-  the  closet. :-:An,-. idea suggested.itself to,  heir  mind. >^She. clasped*vher.t hands together.. , for .a  second, < l then  springing t  quickly, forward  &he/ pushed the-closet.<  ���'door to and.turned the.key. : Only a few  seconds'.. work. and.. she, .had, him safe.:.  She heard  his cries to be let out. as she;  fled up the. stairs  to. th�� girls' iroom  ���creaming: ..-  - *'I've got himlr I've got  the burglar!.;  Now, quick for the. polioe 1 Ann, Bridget!-  He? 11 burst open the. door I   Quick!.;  iGet up and.run!"   ,.  "   Aroused-.from   their   slumbers,.. the  girls rubbed.their-eyes and failed to.un-"  derstand the .situation.    -  i    "Oh, be- quick!!,'   cried Mrs. Wylks,  ���' wringing her hands. .  "What is.it,, ma'am?" asked the-girls' -  in the same, breath... ..   -  " The burglar!.... I' v�� got * tan* ;down  stairs in the closet. ...Oh, hurryI.He'11  break out, .and. then^we're lost I"  At the name, of  "burglar'.', both-girls  hid   themselves  under  the * bedclothes-  ind paid not the least attention to "Mrs  'Wylks' pleadings.   ������  '���   -"He'll   break   put, 1   know he   wi..l,  md kill the baby!   Oh, dear, aren't you  joing   to  get the   police?'-'    And Jtlrs!  Wylks tugged at the ��� bedclothes. -   "  "Och!    Och!"   answered   the-girls;  holding on to their night coverings.  \ "Oh, dear, I'll go myself!- I won't be  silled.  I won't have the baby-killed.  I  leave   you   to. your  fate."--And Mrs;;"  Wylks   fied^- closely -followed  by: tl a  girls; who objected to being left to their  fate; "and springing., from their beds thoy_,  had   caughtWp   whatever   articles   of  !>ir  and"Mrs/' Wylks-'pointer" sa�� way iot  them to-go and" followed closely m?the  re&r.    -  ''Sure, "they' think ��� you're'"' a -faero,5  ma'am," whispered Ann to her mistress  ?asIhey-went up the stairs.'  Into the sitting  room  they marched  and   arranged "themselves ' before "th��1,  "* cldset door:   ��� *   -  The captain unlocked and opened-it;'"  two officers sprang forwafd and' dragged  for^their victim:  Mra Wylks .^��redffrbnS "behind th��  open dobr/ where she^ 5had "hidden, and  looked at the'prisoner.  -���: She th��n- came out to get a closer look,  ��nd with a rather shamed expression on  her face she;: obseryed,;.  \hs--".Why, Mr, Wylks, is thajb/ypnr^  . After a short and entirely satisfactory  explanation tne; officers withdrew, and  Mr��. Wylks.fondly embraced, her cap-  .tnred burglar, who faithfully promised  h�� wonlu never, never, never, nqver do  so acy mPre.-^-New York News.  Wi  ring  i it  apparel lay conveniently at  hand and followed" their mistress down  the'stairs, past the door vf ;li3 sitting'  room, onto Mrs. Wylks' room,- where a  pause was made long enough for the  anxious, loving mother to grasp her ba-  Xy; aiid wrap a blanket, which she hastily drew from the bed, around it,- and  the girls arrayed themselves in whatever they had brought with them, enlivening the time while making--their  'toilet with little shrieks and screams,,,  as they heard* a voice from the closet  demanding in- no gentle tone to be lek  put. Then the three women and the baby took up their onward rush down  stairs. They halted to open the front  "door, and the young heir of the household, so rudely aroused from his slumbers, entered a protest in loud and angry  tones.  The door was opened, and Mrs.-Wylks  took her stand on the steps, while the  girls hurried away for help: What a  long time, it seemed to Mrs. Wylks,  /they were gone. She could not hear the  "captured burglar banging on the door  and calling to be released, not even  wlien she stepped into the hall and listened. He had undoubtedly resigned  hinaself to conquering circumstances.  "Oh, how I wish Mr. Wylks would  come!'' she said to herself, nestling her  baby close in her arms. "I knew some-,  thing was going to happen. How glad  he will be that baby and I are safe. Oh,  I am so glad you have come!"  This last exclamation was caused by  the appearance of the two girls and half  a dozen police.  "You've captured a burglar, I understand, ma'am," said the captain, addressing Mrs.  Wylks.  "Oh, yes. He's in the closet up  stairs.���tha�� is, if he has not  got out, "  ED. J.  MERCHANT TAILOR  Ailagriificent^ine of'Scotch Tweeds land Worsted,'  and West of England Trouserings, Suitable for  Spring wear.' A special feature of Fancy Worsted  Suitings..".   High Class Suits Made in the  Latest Styles.  J. SQUIRE  Baker Ste, Nelson, B, C.  All kinds^ of job-printing neatly and promptly executed at The  Economist Office.  VANCOUVER HARDWARE COMPANY  rw.ill you roast over a hot cooking stove during  this warm weather when we can supply you  with a coal oil-stove which -'will save your temper as well as  your pocket? ; You can do atiythihjg witH them.  We h-ive-also a fine line of house: furnishings on Hand.  We are direct Importers arid Wholesale Dealers in  L.IOUORS,   HAVANA   OIGARS,   ETO.  All the leading brands always in" stock.  G. H. Humm's Extra Dry/Preller's Clarets and Sauternes,  Watson's " Glenlivet'" XXX 'Whisky,'"  PABST MILWAUKEE BEER bottled at the brewery and shipped to us in reflgerator cars  also PABST MALT EXTRACT, the "Best Tonic.        ~      .. .  Our Sherries.'and Ports'are'the'best to be had.   Goode'rham & Wort's Rye in bulk and case,  from two years to fourteen- years old.   The purest Rye in Canada.  FULL LINES OF ENGLISH, GERMAN AND FRENCH LIQUEURS.  YA TES S TREET,  amtt* Boasts 8  ^^r StsaaBtnt m  V/OTOR/A,  E$*   U>  Patronize Home Industry  M.R.SIVIITH  & CO'S,. "''  FROH YOUR GROCER.  WHEN you.buy.���. ���  OKELL&  O'KELL & r   ��� i  MORRIS'  rve3  MORRIS'  you get what are pure British Columbia  fruit and sugar, and your money is left at  Vo   home.  Are absolutely the  PUREST AND BEST.  1  ??;��� THB NELSON ECONOMIST.  Hitlers' Livery and Feed Stable  Pack and saddle horses furnished, on shortest  notice.      Telephone 67  Open day and night.  KELLY & STEEPER, props.  ueen  ��  Refrigerators  Lightning I<* Cream Freezers.      Pails made of best Virginia White  Cedar, with Electric Welded wire hoops.  Puritan Wickless Oil Stoves  NELSON HARDWARE CO.  *"B SOO-PftCIFlC LINE  DIRECT and SSlOR SERVICE  ROW  To Eastern and European points. To Pacific  Coait/bnihai Japan, Australia and the rich  and active mining districts of  KLOMDyKEy AMD   THE   YUKON  TOURIST CARS  Models of comfort  Pass Revelstoke daily to  St. Paul  Daily (except Wednesday) to  Eastern points  3nin  Doors, Sashes and Turned iorlc, Brackets and  Satisfaction Guaranteed:   Prices Reasona  THOS. OR AY, Nelson, B. O.  ing  Plumfoi  AMD  Josephine Street  Nelson  CONNECTIONS:  To Rossland and main land point�� :  Daily Daily  6:40 p.m. leaves��� NELSON���arrives 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str. Kokanee.  Except Sunday Except Sunday  4 p. m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  Kootenay River Route, Str. Nelson:  Ex. Sun. Ex. Sun.  7 a.m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 10:30 p.m.  Makes outward connection at Pilot Bay with  str. Kokonee, but iiward such connection is  not guaranteed. Str. calls at way ports in both  direc;'oris when signalled.  Slocan City, Slocan Lake pointi and Sandon  i Except Sunday Except Sunday  9 a.m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives   2:20 p.m.  Ascertain Present Reduced Rates.  Full information from nearest local, agent or  from GEO. S. BEER, city agent; Nelson, B.C.  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel. Victoria Street Nels��o,  To the Public  We beo- to inform the citizens of Nelson that we are now in  a position to supply all kinds of bread, pastry, etc., on  shortest notice.    Free delivery to any part of the city.  \sonl^tijy Lewis & Dervin, props  W. F. Anderson,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  . S. J. Ce-yle,  Diat. Pass. Agent,  Vancouver, B.C.  MINING NOTES.  W. J.: Harris is now in possession of the Le  Roi mine, acting on behalf of President Turner. The mine will commence shipping to  Nbrthport smelter at once.  A contract has been let for a 100ft tunnel in  the Morning and Evening claims, which are  located near Ymir. These claims are the  property of th�� Claremont Mining company.  The Grand Prize Mining company, through  its secretary, W. H. Ziegler, has issued a circular to its stockholders asking that they pool  their stock for the next 90 days.  Mrs. M. Collins recently made quite a deal  on the Canadian Belle, situated about one  mile from Ymir. This property was sold to  Wilson Bros, of Nelson. Assays as high as  $62 in gold to the ton have been received from  ore on this property.  The vertical shaft is now down 223 feet, and  well timbered to the 210 foot level on the  White Bear. A body of ore two and one half  feet wide was encountered in the sinking. The  ntentibn is to continue sinking and then drift  on the ore.  The profits of the Ruth Mines for July are  reported at $13,000.  A very rich ledge was uncovered on the  Bend ' Or group in the little Joe tunnel last  week.  A rich strike ha < been made on the Waterloo mineral claim on the Cariboo ledge, in  camp McKinney. The Waterloo claim intervenes between the Waterloo and the new Cariboo company.  A number of prospectors   and   miners  who  have been working around   Cadwallader,   are  putting in time on Bridge river and the South  Fork placer mining, and all   are   doing first  ��� rate.  Frank Pro vest reports the Lorin group, on  Lemon creek, looking exceptionally well.  Two Thousand dollars worth of work has been  done on the group.  At the annual meeting of the Cariboo Mining, Milling <fe Smelting Co. operating the Car-  ibo mine in Camp McKinney, B. C, held in  Spokane, a dividend of 2 per cent amounting  to $16,000, was duly declared. The dividends  paid by the company for the fiscal year ending July 1, amounted to $64,000.  Roy Clarke, engineer for the Evening Star,  has let the contract for continuing the lower  tunnel. The contract price was $12.50 per  foot.  Work is to be resumed on the Evening  Star7 Springer Creek, under the supervision  of Hugh Sutherland, whose intention is to  sink on the ledge, running through the claims  about 400 feet.  A good strike is reported on the Lakeside  and Twin Lake group. This group is situated on Bear creek, a tributary of Wild Horse,  and wa6 located last year by Messrs Harris  and Jones.  In the Alberta, where work was recently recommenced, drifting in the east workings has  disclosed a foot of medium grade ore, averaging $11 to the ton, mostly in gold, with  some  copper.  The Fairmount Mining company has taken  over the Evening Star and the Morning Star,  near Ymir. These claims carry an extensive  of the Dundee lead. Each of the claims is  1,500 feet square and contain about 100 acres  in all. The formation is mainly granite an  slate, lying in a northerly direction, with several quartzite dikes running with the formation. aausstwaaoi^kioa'itiywwwi'^uii* ���-  IO  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  1  1  J-v!  m  y  TRAMP AND ARTIST.  "Thank   God  for  all  ��ul," cried the artist.    .  "Thank God  said the tramp.  things beauti-  for   my good   dinner,''  Then she wiped her mouth on the  back of her rough hand, and the artist  felt for his pipe. V  He found it and fumbled for some  matches, laying palette and brushes  carefully on the ground. *  The matches found, he struck one.  Encountering in the process a glance  from curious eyes, he sent the box spinning in their owner ?s lap.  " Jc^in ��� me?" he said, and, the tramp  acquiescing with a nod, tossed a cigarette after it, as he had some time before  tossed her his luncheon out, of tlie wallet at his feet.  She picked it up and fingered it, then  placed it somewhat gingerly between  her lips.  It was a maiden effort. That was evident. He laughed when the thing rolled  smoking to his feet.    -;.������ '/  Presently the girl's gaze wandered to  the canvas.  "Is that me?" she asked and" paused  and flushed resentfully.  "A doubtful likeness, ..since/ you fail  to recognize it." He laughed.  "It looks," she said and stopped.  "Well?"   he   urged,   expectant  of  a  quaint criticism. ' .  " Like a play actress���in tights," she  finished, frowning heavily.     . ' '. ,v ���  He chuckled. The remark amused  him. He knew so many "play actresses  in tights" who would shrink; from contact with this dusty wayside wanderer,,  yet in turn* this vagrant shrank from  them. She resented even the resemblance of a curve. The thing was hu-.  morous. ������ : .       ��� ���;.  He turned and glanced at the canvas.  Yes, he had outlined the figure somewhat daringly, but then it was that  grand sweep from knee to shoulder,  which had .first attracted him. He had  passed her earlier in the day, sitting by  the roadside combing out. her hair���had  passed her, with his still buoyant step  and knapsack strapped to shoulder,,  humming gayly. But���struck by something in the girl's attitude���he had retraced his steps and asked her to sit to  him.  She still  regarded the  picture, lines  of dissatisfaction puckering her brows.  "Well, " said.the artist. -  ' * Them boots of mine,'' she answered.  A pause. "Couldn't you rub 'em out?"  persuasively. "I've got a better pair;  spring side uns, in my bundle. "  The artist shook his head. They were  bad boots, he conceded, but good art.  "Is it for the Royle academy?" she  said.  "What do you know about the Royal  academy, pray?"  "Oh, nothin, reely, but I've been  there once afore. "  "I thought you told me this was  your first sitting?".  "So 'tis���to remember; I was a baby  the larst time.   Father took me.    'JE was  a artist too.     'E wos a.reel im, though,  not a j)aivement chalker."  He laughed.  "That's understood, since he was a  Royal academician. What was his  name?"  "I ain't a-goin to tell. "  "What was the subject?"  "I wos���in long clothes.    Mother remembers it.   It wos the time 'e come to  see 'er, an she   saw   the   picture   afterward in a winder in Pall Mall."  He was embellishing, his signature  with a flourish of the brush when a  thought seemed to strike him and hold  him by the wrist.  "What was it like? Did your mother  ever tfill 3Tou?"  '.���"" 'Course she did, lots of times. She  was proud to think 'e'd noticed me. I  wos lyina'most naked on sonie workus  lookin steps, an my eyes wos wide open,  lbokin up'ards at the stars."  " 'The Love Child!' "  "That's it! You've seed the picture  too?"  "Often," quietly. "It's copied quite  a deal."  His hand was growing careless; it  swerved, and the brush slipped. The  girl cried out; there was a daub across  the canvas.  ''There now,'* regretfully, "you've  made a smudge acrost your name." '  The artist did not answer. His silence  and abstraction were taken as dismissals. She hitched up her bundle, wishing him good day.  "No, wait a bit. "   He got up for the  first.������time   and   came  and stood before;  'her..'  "Won't  you   shake hands before  i you go, my-���my dear?"  |      Bewildered,  but   gratified, she  gave  him   hers   at   once.    It was   rough and  sunburned   and   perhaps not over clean,  ��� yet there was- a. curious resemblance between���the   tramp's   hand and his own.  He dropped;it hurriedly.  ;. :''How old are you, my child?"  "Eighteen come Chris'mas. "  His .eyes  were  on  her; face.. They  studied it intently.  "Ah-h!" he said  and   dropped a few  . steps' back.--'.' Well,., good by.  Good luck.  God bless you."  Her eyes filled with tears.  "What are you crying for?"  The tears brimmed over.'  " At  you.    You spoke so kind.    You  made me think of mother.'���'  "A hint for your future guidance. "  His voice was hard again.. "Never trust  a man because he appears 'kind.'   They  .are; mostly, dangerous,   and   often   tha  worst-- sort. "    ';���'"        '"  The change in his tone depressed her.  She sighed forlornly. "Pore mother  told me that. "   ������     ���  His glance fell to earth.    A pink tip-.  ped daisy was   peeping above the grass.  He ground it into  the  sod with the toe  of his heavy boot.  "Goodby again.".  She took his proffered hand.  "Stop that. I can't bear to see a  woman cry."  Stop it she couldn't, but she crooked  ner arm and held it before her face.  "Life's so 'ardj" she moaned. "People is such 'ogs, an, oh, I'm so lonely  since my pare mother died. "  He stood beside her, listening to hei  sobs.  "My dear," he caid at last, "we are  all lonely���you on the high road, I in  the cities, 'pore mother' in her grave."  He paused, laying a hand on the girl's  heaving shoulder.    "Loneliness   is   the'  common lot; we carry it hidden in our  souls through life.    Even   in   crowds it  cries out ceaselessly above the din.    We  can make a noise to   drown   it, we can  bury   it   deep   down, we   can   call   our  friends together and  smoke  and   drink  upon its tomb���it will creep out in the  nighttime,   when   the   others    are    all  gone, and, climbing on to   our pillows,  sit and jabber to us in   the  dark.    But  life has to be lived through," throwing  back his head, "its   prizes   fought   for,  squabbled over, and   errors, I   suppose,  must be committed by the way.  There's  truth so brutal it might almost keep one  good.   The man who 'sees life' isn't asked to pay the piper; the 'wages' are exacted, but it's the innocent who pay."  The tramp's tears were dried; she  was lost in admiring wonder.  "Take my advk;e, my dear," said  the man, with a curiously gentle smile,  "the advice of a man who might almost  be your���father: Go on being respectable ; stay innocent���keep good.''  He patted her shoulder, then gave it  a gentle push. _And so they jparted. _ He  warcnea ner tramping aoWn the long  white road.  "Confound her eyes!" he niut.terei.  "That's why they haunted me!"  She trudged on with her bundle. His  eyes followed almost yearningly. She  rounded a bend.  The tramp looked back.  "Liz!" he murmured half unconscious. "Poor, pretty, foolish Liz!" His  own voice roused him.    He smiled into  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D. S.  ..:���:.'"..;.������.''   DENTIST;  '..  Mara Block,  Baker Street, Nelson  vacancy.  That   was  the  name!    1  disappeared  and   finally  thought I had forgotten  The   road   turned.     She  from view.  He  whistled,    frowned  shrugged his shoulders.  "If she'd only been a lady, "presently. He was staring at the canvas. '' Bah J  What nonsense ! A tramp! Her mother's  child!"     ; ���.���".������'������������.  He fell on one knee and began packing up his traps.  ''Life's so 'ard, an people is such  'ogs.". :������ . .'��� y ������'.���������. ���'��� '������  His laug.^ rang out, but it wasn't a  merry one. Picking up the picture, he  held it in both hands.        ;  "Goodby, young mournful eyes, "he  said.   "Good luck go with you.  You've  given me  a heartache,;, but  I wish you  .well." ;....' ;     .'..;.:'.,,,;.,'  His face twitched. He laid the canvas gently down.  "I'll burn the..thing," he��� said, "di-  rectly I get home. "���Sketch.  Special attention given-to crown and bridge  work and the painless extraction of teeth by  local anesthetics. '  GEO. L. LENNOX  BARRISTER and  SOLICITOR  LAW OFFICE :  Baker Street, Nelson  FOR  ��� .-���  ���*  GOOD BATH  SMOOTH SHAVE  AND HAIRCUT.  AS   YOU  LIKE   IT,  GO  TO   THE  Star Shaving Parlors  two'doors east o-f the. Post Office;  VWV J. Morrison, Prop.  ��� ��� ���  A .shipment of Blue .Ribbon, Saladaand Lipton Teas, also a shipment of  choice blends of Costa Rica, Blue Ribbon, Santos and Ceylon-Coffees to  which we invite inspection. At the same time examine o-u'r other lines  ofgrbceries, all of which we, are offering at lowest prices. ..Try our  special blend of Ceylon Coffee. ���'        '"'���-' ;:  Dry Goods Clearance Sale  For the next fifteen days we will clear the balance of our'summer goods  at a discount of 25 per cent, consisting of summer dress goods, ladies'  shirt waists, organdie muslins, ladies' silk gloves, straw hats, parasols  and other summer goods.  A complete stock of clothing, boots and  shoes,   hats   and gent's  fur  nishings at reduced prices. .  The Brick Store  Baker St ree  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  elsosi Blacksmith Co.  H. A.  PROSSER,   Manager.  Lake St.,  Opp. Court House.  NELSON,  B.  C  Hungarian,  xxxx  Strong Bakers,  Economy,  Superfine,  Bran,  Shorts,  Chicken Feed,  Chop.  The Okanagan Flour Mills Company, Ltd. Armstrong, B. C.  9    a ��*"������- ��� ^1  Give this Flour a Trial before passing an opinion.  B.  C. THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  ii  Carrying Bundles.  "There are some things in the matter of  ladies carrying bundles that are  past my  understanding," volunteered a merchant  to a Washington   Star  reporter  recently.  "They  are  perfectly willing to  carry  a  bundle as long as  it is tied   up in   brown  paper, or store paper, as many call it.  But  'f any other paper is used they will surely  object.     Some weeks  since  my  stock   of  wrapping paper ran out, and until I could  get another  supply! had to use a white  paper which I had had on hand for a long  time.    Just  as quick  as our female  customers would  see the bundles   being tied  up  they would  ask   that  they be sent to  their homes.     The result was that our delivery service had twice as  much work to  do as if  we had   brown   paper.    I lost no  time in securing it.;' '���..'<>  .'.'���'������'������'       What Makes a Home.  :  Lady Aberdeen, in an address before the  National Council of the Women of Canada  at Toronto, said:  - 'What is that indefinable something  that makes e home,, that reveals itself in  the books and pictures, in^ the arrange-  jnent Of* the rooms, in the.preparation for  a guest, in the tones of the children, in  the expression of husband and wife? We  cannot describe it, but we recognize it at  once when it is present, and no house can  be truly a home without some measure of  it. We do not need just houses, where we  can eat and sleep healthily, but we want  homes full of rest and peace and beauty  and refreisSafrient."���'.  The Best job Work at th  Be�� no  ce��  11  e  m  Fioiics of Appiscation   to   Purchase   Land.  Sixty days after date r intend to apply to th(  Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for  ] e ���mission to purchase the fcllovmi'g describee  utisurveyed and unreserved land, viz.: Begirf  ilng at a post set on the south  bank  of Kooi  nav lliver about 2}A miles west of JS'elson. an<  ^narked   ''���"!��.   C.   Arthur's  Northeast  Corner.'  thenee south  forty chains, thence west fort}  chains, thenee north forty chains more or let-  to the lvootenay river, thence east,  lollowin  the mcanderings of tiie Kootenay river, to th-  point of beginning,  containing one hundrec-  and six'tv acres more or less.  July 30. 1898. E. C. Author.  C��S?T��FSCAT�� OF .IMPROVEMENTS.-  "Second Relief" mineral claim, situate ii  the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootena;  District.  Where located : North fork of Salmon River,  about twelve miles from Erie.  Take notice that.1, John A. Coryell, as agent  for J. A. Finch, Free Miner's Certificate Ko.  K574A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof  to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate of'improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further ttilce notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day of August, 1S98.  John A. Coryell, Agent.  " Grand  Union "  mineral claim,  situate in  the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay,  District.  Where located : North fork of Salmon River,  about twelve miles from Erie.  lake notice that I, John A. Coryell, as agent  for R. K. Neill, Free Miner's Certificate No.  494SA, intend, sixty days from the date, hereof,  to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose'of obtaining  a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day of August 189S.  John A. Coryell, agent.  CERTIFICATE OF I5V3PROV. NE^TS.  " Big Bump " mineral claim, situate in the  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  Where located : Salmon River, North Fork,  about twelve miles from Erie.  Take notice that I, John A. Coryell, as agent  for the Big Bump Gold Mining Company, Free  Miner's Certificate No. 13081A, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day of August, 1S98.  John A. Coryell, agent.  IN THE COUNTY COURT OF KOOTENAY  HOLDEN AT NELSON.  Notice is hereby given that on the 28th day  of February 1898, it was ordered by His Honor  Judge Form that James F. Armstrong, Official  Administrator of the County of Kootenay be  Administrator of all and singular the goods,  chattels and credit of James V. Rossie deceased  intestate.  Every person indebted to the said deceased,  is required to make payment forthwith to the  undersigned. y  Every person having in possession effects  belonging to the deceased is required forthwith  to notifythe undersigned.  Every creditor or other person having any  claim upon or interest in the distribution of  the persona] estate of the said deceased, is required within thirty days of this date, to send  by registered letter addressed to the undersigned, his name and address, and the full  particulars of his claim or interest, and a  statem ent of his account and the nature of the  security, (if any) held by him. After; the expiration of the'said thirty days, the Administrator will proceed'with the distribution of  the estate, having regard to those claims-only,  of which we shall have had notice. ,  Dated at Nelson, this 12th day of July, 1898.  '.;���'���   J.F.Armstrong,  Official  Administrator.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  "Relief Fraction " mineral claim, situate in  the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay  District. ���'������-<,-. "���'������.  ��� ', Where located : North fork of Salmon River,  about twelve miles from Erie.   '������<'  Take.notice that I, John A. Coryell, as agent  for R. K. Neill, Free Miner's Orrtificate ,No.  4948A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate'of improvements, for the purpose, of obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action,  under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.      Dated tLis 9th day of August, 1898.,  John A. Coryell, agent.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  "Star Shine " mineral claim, situate in the  kelson Mining Division of West Kootenay district.  ,:.       Y   ������  Where located : North fork of Salmon River,  tbout twelve miles from Erie.  Take notice that 1, John A. Coryell, as agent  or  R.  K.   Neill,  free   miner's-certificate   No.  1948A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  Jo apply to the mining recorder for  a eer.tifi-  ate of'improvements, lor the purpose of ob-  ainihg a crown grant of the above claim.  ���And further take notice that action,  under  ���ection 37, must be commenced  before the is-  uance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day of August, 1S9S. ���  John A. Coryell, agent.  A   ..CERTIFICATE OF m^RQVEMEriTS.   ,:  " Canadian Queen^' mineral claim, situate in  cue Nel-on Mining Diyision. of We-t Kootenay  iistrict.  Whe :e located : North Fork of Salmon River,  a^ouitvvo miles from Erie.  fake notice that 1, John A. Coryell, as agent  or W. F. Mitchell, Free Miner's Certificate No.  >3578 A, E. M. Ingram, Free Miner's Certificate  No. No. 5292 A, and A. B. Ingram,  Free Miner's  'ert,ili'-': + ". No. SS38 A,  intend sixty days from  A'iL d;te hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  ''.ir a-cc.i.iicate of improvement?,  for the-pur-  ose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above  daitn. .  And farther "take notice that  action,  under  eetion 37,���must be commenced   before  the is-  ��� nance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 5th dav of i e-.-u m':t;r, 1898.  John A .'Coryell.  T. S. Gore.  II.  Burnet.  r$ s*f rr\ y��      fijir?"- 7"'  J. II. McGregor  (k UUij  Provincial   and   Dominion  Land  Sur=  veyors and Civil engineers.  Agsnts for Obtaining  Crown   Grants and Ab-=  stract of Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,   -   --British Columbia  Optician anc! Watchmaker,  'McKillop   Block,   Baker   street.  All work guaranteed.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry. agent or  G.  S.   BEER,  C.  P.  R. Agent,   Nelson.  'WM.  ST5TT,  Gen     S.   S. Agt., Winnipeg.  Dominion and  Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom House, kelson, B. G>  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  HEAD OFFICE :" Nelson,- B.'C;    ���; /  , y-y .    BRANCHES AT  ROSSLAND  ^ SANDON  TRAIL  THREE FORKS  NELSON KASLO  SLOCAN CITY ^  1  7?s  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL DEALERS  IN  Gamps supplied on shortest notice and lbwest prices. ||  Mail orders receive careful attention. ���. |  Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats and supplies |  *   kept in stock.  sfc Etesa a      %J& H    H H o   a   W   Btoa Xs^ n  *  *'  Vi'lynrv^r-w'ia  WANT 'to enlighte n our  little world about us In  regard to Wall Paper Buying. We  -.want.you to know that right here  you will find the Choicest, Cheapest  and Cheeriest patterns. Buy nowhere till you have looked about  you enough to see what we are  showing. We don't want you to  buy from only examining our stock  but we want you to see other stocks  and know the superi- ^"Y^. _^0  /orityof    .     .       .      .     VJlXXo.  a.  no*  Corner Baker and Stanley Sts., Nelson.  %  j. ,��  ays,   Kre'mo Fl  iadam Roy's Complexion, etc.  We have just received a large shipment and are selling them at  bargain prices.     Call and see them at  Opposite Queen's Hotel  Brokers and. Manufacturers9 Agents.  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc. J  P. O. Box 498.  "���nr^ti-rf'irtrj^, ���.x? ,;t-;77' ���*  ' i> ��\ 'l^^aH^':;?^.^^^ 12  THE NELSON ECONOMIST,  i?a  '���ii  'I.  tit  1  Li  ^Sri-;'  !Y  IP  :fi-  K  1  Liquors  "Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Goods  Boots and Shoes  Tents  Cigarettes  Cement  Rugs  Curtains  Flour and Feed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  Fire Clay-  Teas  Etc.  KOOTENAY BRANCH  Victoria, B. C,   Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  NELSON. B.C.  SMOKE  THE   CELEBRATED  BRIAR    PIPES,  a.  o  D  UJ  Ll.  UJ  O  0)  For Sale by  Also received a full   line of Domestic and Imported Cigars.  Ab Army of Dragon Flies.  A professor of zoology at Lille, M.  Charles Barrios, was making a torn  through Morbihan, in France. As he  ^ras walking along the road he noticed  that a multitude of dragon flies were  Alighting on the telegraph wires. The *  singular thing about it was that they  all rested at an equal distance from each  other, and all occupied the same position, with head turned toward the west.  From all sides the dragon flies arrived and always placed themselves in the  same position and at the same distance  from each other. They remained as if  glued to the wire, motionless and paralyzed. Each new arrival flew, over the  fixed bodies of the others and took its  place in the line.  This chain stretched itself out toward  tlie west and turned toward the setting  sun. Professor Barrios followed the  route for a long distance and found the  same strange phenomenon. He estimated the number at 60,000, at least. "At  an abrupt turn of the road to the south  the telegraph line turned also. There  not a dragon fly was in sight! The wire  was absolutely free from them! With  the change of direction it seemed to  Jbave lost attraction for them.  Was this chance? Did the electric  currents running from the east to the  West exercise any influence upon these  insects? Was it the solar reflection? Explain it, who can. In any case it would  he interesting to know whether this  phenomenon be an isolated one or not.  Women Criminals In Austria.  3n Austria, even for murder, a woman is never put into an ordinary prison/  much less brought to the gallows.  Whatever the crimes'of which they are  convicted, women are sent to the convents set apart for this purpose and are  kept there as long as the judge determines.  The ladies superior have practically  & free hand over their charges and receive from the government sevenpence a  day for each criminal under their care.  At Neudorf convent, which receives all  the female offenders from Vienna, there  is nothing in the appearance of the  place to suggest a prison.  The courtyard stands open all day  long, with only a nun as a doorkeeper.  Once inside, all the convicts are on th��  same footing. They are employed in the ^  domestic work of the convent, and in  making matches, buttons, needlework,  embroidery, lace, woodwork, etc., superintended only by the sisters.  For work beyond their allotted task  they are paid by scale���half the money  being given them at the end of the  week and half being placed to their  credit until their term expires, when it  &s paid to them on leaving.  Mineral Water  Refreshing Summer Beverages.  Kolale,  Celery Sarsapa  ilia and Iron.    Ginger  Ale,   Etc., Etc.  r~  Before buying a  Pigtno OR  VICTORIA    VANCOUVER    NELSON  Or2*an  Go to Painton's, the  & MUSIC CO., NELSON  CLUB HOTEL  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  RATES; $i per day and up.  Schooner Beer, io cents  E. J.  Curran, Proprietor.  (incorporated 1869.)  CAPITAL PAID UP, $1,500,000.00     -      RESERVE, $1,175,000,00.  Halifax, Nova Scotia.  ���  Antigonish, N.S.  Bathurst, N.B.  Bridgewater, N.S.  Charlottetown, P.E.I.  Doreester, N.B.  Fredericton, N.B.  Guysboro, N.S.  Halifax, N.S.  Kingston, N.B.  Londonderry, N.S.  Lunenburg, N.S.  Maitland, N.S.  Moncton, N.B.  Montreal, P.Q.  do       West End.  do       Westmount.  Nanaimo, B.C.  Nelson, B.C.  Newcastle, N.B.  Pictou, N.S.  Port Hawkesbury, N.S.  Rossland, B.C.  Saekville, N.B.  Shubenacadie, N.S.  Summerside, P.E.I.  Sydney, N.S.   ���_  St. Johns, Nfld.  Truro, N.S.  Vancouver,"B. C.  Victoria, B.C.  Weymouth, N.S.  Woodstock, N.B.  ���  i  ^w  A General  Banking Business Transacted.     Sterling  Bills of Exchan  Bought and Sold.     Letters of Credit, Etc., Negotiated.  Accounts  Received ��n the Most Favorable Torino.  Interest allowed on special  deposits and on Savings   Bank accounts. ^  BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA :  NANAIMO,   NELSON,   ROSSLAND,  VANCOUVER,   VICTORIA.  I A Savings Bank Department has been estab- |  t lished in connection with, the Nelson branch of t  I this bank. I  t Deposits of one dollar and upwards received, I  I and current rate of interest allowed (at present |  I 3 per cent per annum).  GEORGE KYDD, Mgr. Nelson Branch.    ���


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