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The Nelson Economist Oct 19, 1898

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Array -(*���  tf's  j ;  With which  is incorporated THE  NATION, of  Victoria, B.C.  :je  ;e  VOL. II.  NELSON, B. C,   WEDNESDAY,   OCTOBER  19,1898.  NO.  15.  /AN  THE NELSON-ECONOniST.  ','"-������    ���       ��� * ���.       '..���������*�� *  Issued eyery Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Carley '....... r :. Publisher  ; SUBSCRIPTION RATES:    .  One Tear to Canada and United States ?2.00  If paid in adrance     1.50  rOa�� Tear to Great Britain. .7.  2.50  If paid in adrance..-.     .         2 00  Remit- by Express, Money .Order, Draft, P. O. Order, or  Registered Letter.  - Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.  . <  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  ��pon\terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and tho  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against Irre-  ���pon0ible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  When such a  bitter  opponent of the  late  government as the Nelson Tribune admits that  there is nothing  in the evidence given before  the Royal  commission   to  enquire  into   the  payment of certain sums of money to contractors, that would convict Mr. Turner  of wrongdoing, we must feel Satisfied that the  fishing  expedition on which the prevent government  started has riot been prolific of desired resultF.  Incidentally, it is a convincing proof that  the  Tribune, while it did not agree with the general policy of Mr.  Turner's government,  is not  going   to  besmirch the  good   name   of  any  gentleman  composing that   government,  for  political effect.    This'is  fair arid  honorable  and is so unlike the methods pursued by other  government papers that the matter is   worthy  of special mention.    Mr. Turner's evidence before the commission was straightforward,  and  evidently given with a desire to place all the  information   with regard   to   details   in   his  knowledge in the  possession of Chief Justice  McColl.    We have no means of knowing what  conclusion   the commissioner  may arrive  at  with regard to the payment of certain sums to  the contractors on the Parliament buildings,  but we do believe that the impression  created  on the minds of the public, is not unfavorable  to Mr; Turner or his government.  Vavcouver is to have a music hall at last.  The new place of amusement will be one of the  most elaborate places of ent@rtainment in  British Columbia. It is said that the moralists of Vancouver strongly favor the new departure, as it will have a tendency to keep  young men and  visitors to the city  from patronizing questionable resorts.    We have   not;  reached that state of perfection in   Nelson yet,!  and in the meantime we encourage our visitors  to get drunk and insult people on the  street,  because we do not provide them with a  place  in which to pass away an evening in-listening  to good singing.    N��lson   merchants will  lose :  thousands of dollars this year  on   account  of '  the  great number   of prospectors  and   others  who   will   go   where   they can   pass away   an ;  evening in healthy entertainment.  It is rather strange to read thatth* Catholic |  church has broken thr >ugh its well-known  conservatism, and is now sending its priests on  th�� streets to preach the gospel. Quite recently in New York city two Catholic priests held  services in the Italian quarter of that city, and  we have no doubt with desired results. It  appears that the Italians have been derelict in  their attendance at church, arid Archbishop  Corrigari was determined to reach them, so he  sent two of his priests into their midst to  preach the gospel. In missionary work the  Catholic church has been more successful than  any other denomination and it may develop  that it will also lead the other churches in  evangelistic work.  Business in all the towns in the Kootenay  is reported as being of far greater volume than  at any time in the history of British Columbia. From,every direction comes the cheering  report that the autumn trade has exceeded  the most sanguine expectations of the merchants.    All bills are being paid promptly.  A most sensational trial has just been concluded in Victoria. It was the case of a white  girl (Belle Adams) charged with th�� murder  of her lover, one Kincaid, a mulatto. Up to  the time ofthe trial, everything seemed to  point to the guilt of the prisoner, but her  lawyer, Mr. George Powell, of Victoria, so  construed the evidence that the jury returned  a verdict of manslaughter, with the result  that instead of suffering death on th�� scaffold,  Belle Adams will serve a paltry five years  in the penitentiary. We are not finding fault  with th�� jury, but we do believe that a clever  lawyer such as Mr. Powell has proved himself to b��, may sometimes deprive hangmen of  the rare opportunity that falls to their  lot of  turning an  easy dollar.    We have no doubt  Belle Adorns   was  innocent  of   the crime  of  ������ ��� "V.  murdar, )>ut the public were not aware of the  fact until Mr. Powell placed the matter fairly  and squarely before the jury in a two hours  speech, that has rarely been excelled for eloquence in British Columbia courts.  Rev. Father Ferland's refusal to accept  the fire h ��11 for the bazaar to be held by the  Ladies Aid Society of his congregation, will  have, th�� effect of increasing th�� learned  father's popularity in Nelson. On the oth^r  hand, ii" kelson had suffered severe loss from  fire thro lgh any impairment of the fire apparatus much blame might have been placed  at his door. Father Ferland's course is to be  commended.  It appears that The Economist was in error  when it stated that Mr. Bostock's friends had  faith in lhe newspaper business to the exclusion of all other branches of trade. This  paper has been informed that Mr. Bostock  was much sought after during his early residence in Victoria by inventors of all kinds of  device?. He was urged to take stock in  mouse-tr..ps, pneumatic horse-collars, chronological charts, stump extractors, etc. Indeed*  it is said that there was a general inclination  on the part of the citizens of Victoria to place  Mr'. Bontockon the ground floor of every good  thing on the market. Some say that these  citizens saw the future orator of Kootenay-  Yale coming���a long way off.  The Canadian geological survey places the  total value of the mineral output for the Dominion last year at $28,000,000 over the previous year. The output is divided as follows  among the principal mining provinces :  British Columbia, $10,455,268 ; Nova Scotia,  $6,000,000 ; Ontario, $5,000,000 ; Quebec,  $'2,063,266 ; Northwest Territories and Yukon,  $3,000,000.  Cotton in the United States is lower ia price  than at anv time since the Civil War. The  Philadelphia American, noting that the cause  of this is said to be the larg�� crop and overproduction, suggests that the cause is not so  much over-production as under-consamption.  It says that so far the pr@s��nt year the  northern spinners have tak@n only 41,841 bales  x  i ���-  idi >>  taken up the new crop against 110,871 bales  of the same period last year. Our  contemporary thinks that the "picayune  dernand had a great deal to do with th�� fall  in price.  A Montreal despatch says: The fact that  Montreal is fast becoming one of the great  money centres of the continent becomes more  evident from day to day. It was estimated  here to-day that no less that $5,000,000 worth  of Canadian Pacific stock is now held on margin on this market, a much larger figure than  was ever known before in connection with that  stock. Montreal, in fact, is far ahead of New  York and if that idea is realized th at transfer  books are kept here, the total amount of business in Montreal will be larger. So far most  of the trading In New York will not figure  alongside of the Canadian metropolis. It  mast not b�� forgotton also that the $5,000,000  do not include the large amount of stock that  has been purchased her�� and paid for as an  inverment.  Among the distinguished arrivals in Nelson  this week was Mr. J. M. Kellie, member of  the Legislature for Revelstoke riding. Mr.  "Kellie, we regret to say, has not grown less in-  ���ulting, in fact, if anything, h�� is a little more  rugged in his choice of words to express his  thoughts. The Economist has mere than  once referred to Mr. Kellie as a man totally  unfitted to represent an intelligent people in  the Legislature, and that gentleman's recent  visit has more than ever convinced this paper  of the justice of its contention. Mr. Keliie's  experience as a Winnipeg policeman was not  such as to fit him for the office of legislator,  and it is reflection on the intelligenee of the  ��lectors of British Columbia that he should  have been chosen as a representative in preference to a person of the stamp of William  White, Q. C. W�� have ��very respect for a  policeman, but .we contend that he should  not attempt to carry his authority into private  life.  The irrigation question is one of the main  issues at stake in the political campaign now  on in the Northwest Territories. The Government has hitherto held aloof from granting  aid in this direction, and what little has been  done has been accomplished by private enterprise. In many instances spasmodic attempts  by individuals, or localities, where there was  not enough knowledge or business capacity  and not enough capital to draw upon to insure the success of so large a scheme as irrigating a wide stretch of country, have ended in  defeat and discouragement. Now it is alleged  that the only solution of th�� question is to  make it on�� of Provincial autonomy. The  Western prairies present a wide field for carrying out work of this kind, and who can estimate th�� quantity of produce which could be  produced on these vast plains, if they were  but watered, asks th�� Vancouver Worldt  Millions 6f acres, of the   most fertile soil im  aginable, which are not only useful as cattle  ranges, might be made blossom as th�� rose by  irrigation. The problem is avast and exceedingly important one. Many difficulties will  have to be surmounted and rushing into  financial waters beyond th�� depths of the resources at the command of the Government  will have to be carefully guarded against.  But we believe the question will be bravely faced in th�� near future and something donev in this line which will enable the  people of the Territories to make us�� of their  now, to some extent, dormant resources.  Thk revenue collected for the Government  in the Yukon for th�� seven months ending  with July is thus stated: Sale of lots in Dawson City $28,450; liquor permits, $6,829; certificates and licenses issued by th�� gold commissioners, $90,964; fine, $1,695; leas�� of  water front for three months, $7,500; Crown  timber accounts, $923; customs, $38,000;  royalty on gold produced, $351,793. Total,  $526,145. In addition $24,000 was collected  on behalf of the North-west Territorial Government for saloon license?.  The Toronto Telegram scores a point thus ;  " In the working out of his plans Lord Kitchener of Khartoum has had to restrict th��  privileges of war correspondents, and American newspapers suggest that he has thus  aroused a journalistic antagonism which will  be a barrier to his further advancement in the  service. English newspapers would be a  poor lot if their editors would allow any personal feeling against Lord Kitchener to influence judgment upon his fitness for places  of high military respcnsibility. And England  would be an ungrateful country if a soldier  who has rendered such distinguished service  to his sovereign could be shut out of any position of usefulness and honor by the clamor  of newspapers enraged at his interference with  their planb.'  j?  In another column we print a comment  from the Montreal Star, bearing upon the  prospect of Canada having a large immigration of Doukhoborstis. The Ottawa Citizen has  the following on the earn�� subject:  "Canada has suffered so much of late under  th�� infliction of Gallicians, and other undesirable types of immigrants that public feeling  has been aroused against th�� introduction of  any more people who don't us�� Pear's soap.  Th�� very nam�� Doukhoborsti is enough to  arous�� suspicion and a chorus of protest.  Canadians think they have too goodly a heritage to be made a dumping ground for peculiar  PEOPLE, especially as the peculiarities usually take an unpleasant form as in th�� case of  the Gallicians, and we would rather wait for  the desirabl�� immigration that must come  sooner or later than recruit population among  th�� detrimentals of the human species who may  prove a nuisance later on.  "In th�� face of this general opinion th�� proposal of some philanthropic English gentlemen to introduce  a large colony of  Russian  peasants of a peculiar religions sect and with  such a suggestively peculiar title is enough to  arouse immediate and still greater  opposition  and has  don�� so.    The name itself,  Doukhoborsti, would make a car horse shy.    But the  gentlemen who   are  interested in  securing a  home for this sect in Canada say that they are  a very desirable class of people and will prove  an acquisition   to th�� population.    They  are,  as  has   already   been  explained, a  Christian  sect, whose members are akin in their religious  convictions   to    the   Quakers,   or   Society of  Friends.    They  are opposed  to war or strife,  and, in consequence of their refusal to serve in  the Russian army, were years ago banished to  the Caucasus, where they have been subjected  to great cruelty   and  even torture, but have  stood fast  in the   faith..  Last year they succeeded   in securing   th��  intervention  of   the  dowager empress of  Russia, wno prevailed on  her son to allow them to emigrate.    A society,  at present represented   in Ottawa by  Prince  Hilkoff and Mr. Aylmer Maude, is arranging  for their emigration.    Already 1,100 of  them  have gone  to Cyprus and  it is  proposed  to  send the remainder, about 6,400, to the Canadian North-West.    Two thirds of these people  have means of their own* and   the Society  of  Friends and others who are interested in them  are raising money so as to establish them comfortably  on   farms  in   Canada.    Mr.  Maud��  wants the government to make an increase in  the usual bonus  of $5 per head to emigrants  on account  of the  society  assuming  various  responsibilities   in   connection  with sending  these people out here, and asks that the bonus  be made  $6 or $7.    He points  out that  the  Doukhoborstis are exiles  for the sake of a religious   principle���-as  were the Puritans and  Huguenots���and people of that class  have a  moral stamina   that  tends  to   make them  a  source  of strength  to   any  population.    He  dilates upon the sufferings they have endured  for the  cause  of religion, and  asks  that the  newspapers who have thrown obstacles in the  way of these people being; brought here should  enquire into  their history and make  an exception in their   favor.    He says the  society  will see that all have sufficient means to estab-  lish themselves on  farms in  Canada,  and as  they are a thrifty and   self-respecting people,  they will eventually make good citizens."  Thk Toronto Sun unearths & paragraph  from a speech delivered by Sir Wilfrid Laurier in Toronto, when the awful Tories were in  office, which should be framed and presented  to Mr. Fielding. It reads: "Has the expenditure gone down? No, it has gone up. It  went up two, three, five, ten millions and  more, until it is now thirty-eight millions; and  the Conservatives do not shrink from it, but  swallow it all. If we com�� into power we  will follow the example of Mr. Mackenzie; and  I say that although we may not be abl�� to  bring back the expenditure to what they were  under him, we can reduce the amount two,  yes, three million dollars per year." This is  accepted by the Montreal Star as a definite  promise on his  own^ figures to  reduce the an* f-  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  t �� -  11 <  nual expenditure to thirty-five millions.    Now  the very   first   year the   Liberals  came   into  power,   they spent   over thirty-eight   millions  on consolidated fund���nearly a million and a  half more than the Conservatives did the preceding   year���and more   than three  millions  and   a   half  additional   on   capital   account.  Their second year of power over the  treasury  ���last year���they ran the expenditure on consolidated fund  up to thirty-eight   and a  half  millions and the total   expenditure to   forty-  four millions.    Their   main   estimate for   the  year we   are  now   passing through   was over  thirty-nine millions on consolidated fund and  nearly forty-five millions all told; and   this is  invariably   added to  heavily by supplementary estimates, the totals of which   we will not  know until Parliament meets again.  Hon. J. H. Turner has left on a short visit  to England.    He will return   in time for  the.  opening of the Legislature.    His visit is purely  one of  business, reports   to the contrary   notwithstanding.  France.Is the latest country to find out  . that Britain will fi^ht. No power or combination of powers is ready just now to force a  fight with the "Mistress of the Seas."  The robbery of the Winnipeg branch of  Molson's Bank, seems to baffle the skill of the  detectives. It seems inconceivable how a safe  could be opened and then closed without some  employes of.the bank, to whom only the combination was known, not being.-_aware.Qf--.it;-'  Yet every member of the staff denies any  knowledge of the robbery, and there is no reason to suspect any one of them.  E. C. Senkler, of the legal firiri of Bowes  & Senkler, Nelson, has been appointed Gold  Commissioner of the Yukon, and left for the  scene of his duties last Monday evening. Mr.  Senkler is a gentleman admirably qualified to  fill the important position to which he has  just been appointed. In Nelson, where he is  well known, there were few young men held in  higher esteem. The Economist congratulates Mr. Senkler on his appointment.  France, the natural mother of revolutions,  is on the verge of Civil War.    It is announced  that a military plot against   the   government  has been discovored.     The     Rappel,    Aurore  and     Petite     Republique    Francaise  publish  almost identical   stories   on   the   subject.     It  appears that the plot was discovered by a general   holding   an   important    position.      The  plotters were to have taken action on Saturday  during the absence   ofthe   minister   of   war,  General Chaneine.     It further   appears   that  when the government was warned of the  plot  the ministers were not  surprised,  having  already  obtained information    regarding   the  conspiracy.     Le Matin says the plot was   not  in favor of one of the pretenders to the throne  of France who had been talkec] about for some  time, but only for the purpose of changing  certain officials of the government without  touching the president.  Mr. Gordon Hunter refused to-accept the  gold commissionership of the Y'ikon from Mr.  Bostock, which induces the b3!'efthat when  the wind is southerly Mr, JBuuiar knows a  hawk from a hand-saw.  There was a time wb^n tbeGri'.i carr^: I  brooms; but this indispensable article of household furniture has bee;n super&edei by the  whitewash brush. ^  The manner in which the returns on the  plebiscite are coming in from Quebec would,  seem to indicate that John Bapusle is still  voting against prohibition.  The family of the late Jay Gould opposed  the marriage of Howard Gould to an actress.  In _ this they are . more particular than the  head of the house, who approved of the alliance of his son George to. Edith King'do, a  Canadian actress.  According to the Grand Forks Miner that  city enjoys the distruction of having accomplished more in the way of public improvements than any other town in the "Boundary  country. While other places have half-graded  streets, and sidewalks on every other lot or so  Grand Forks has two fine graded streets a  couple of miles of sidewalk, and an electric  light and water plant. Nelson also had an  electric light.plant, or rather she thought she  had one.  While British   Columbians   are   eniovins  _-.,'���-���������;������ t        " ' r J �����        ,' O  balmy summer weather the people in the  Southwestern states are suffering untold tortures with blizzards. From Kansas it is reported that several have perished in the snow..  Up to the hour of going to press, the Winnipeg Tribune is the only Liberal paper that has  had stamina enough to criticize Sifton's administration of affairs in the Yukon. If there  had been one righteous man Sodom and Gomorrah would have been saved.  I  The Rossland Leader opposed the late  Provincial Government, but it doubts the wisdom  of the present rulers in closing up   the   Agent  General's office in London.    That   pgper  criticizes the action of   the   government   as   follows :      " A large number of people take advantage of all the Colonies'  official   representative departments in London.     They do   not  feel justified in   believing   newspaper  reportp,  too often facts distorted and opinions individualized, so they seek the agent-general, knowing the information he supplies   is   authentic.  In this way incalculable good has been accomplished   in   connection   with   the   Australian  Colonies.     The agent general's office is. recognized as  a   most   important   one   and   why  should si-riilar results  not   obtain   in   British  Columbia.      At the present juncture tha closing up of the London office is particularly unfortunate, for with the first   appearance of   a  boom there will be a general rush '.for information.    The good   that   could  then   be accomplished would    be immense and   many   with  capital   iLight   be   induced to   come out and.  settle here���men   that   we want in this coun-,  try;    Th<!i the mere prestige which the agent-  general's office lends to the province must not  be overlo Iced.    It has altogether a real practical   wonh. and it   is   to  be hoped   that the  govern me it will reconsider their decision and  not let motives of false economy interfere with  the progi ess of the country." .  Hon.-Ceo; E. Foster says thepVo'.^lte was  never int-.--.nt for any thing and will never end  in anything that was meant forthe good of  the temperance cause. "You will gel no prohibition v.\ this country," he said, "till the  question :.-$ made one at the polls and every  individual is elected for or against that question by ti.e people themselves."  The Duchess of Devonshire evidently intends to ?.o on the stage. , In journeying from.  Paris, to Calais she lost a satchel containing,  diamonds worth $150,000.  The latest political.news from the capital is  that D. W. Higgins, the rejected of������Esquimalt,  has once more grown indignant over the sins  of Hon Mr. Turner. Mr. Higgins' recital of  the stoiy of a blighted \it-i was one of the most  pathetic incidents of the late campaign, but  the .-electors of Esquimalt turned an unsympathetic eir to the man who proved a traitor  to his friends. Politicians'of the Higgins stamp  sooner or later get their desserts.  With \he return of Hon. Joseph Martin  from the East comes the rumor that another  general Section is about to take place. It  appear? that the Cabinet is divided on the  point. It is generally conced���d that the  Government has signally failed in its effort to  discover wrong doing on the part of the late  Government, and certain members are not  anxious to enter a contest in which it would be  a fight to the knife and knife to the hilt between Tory and Grit. The Conservatives are  getting ready f< r the contest, and when the  smoke of battle has cleared away, the remains  of what was once the great Grit party of  British Columbia will be ready for interment.  The trade statement ofthe Dominion shows  a decline in exports for September last over  the same month last year, while imports in-  crease about one million dollars. There was  about $60,000 increase in duty.  The Northwest Legislature has been dissolved. Nominations will take place on the  28th instant and polling on November 4th.  The election will be fought out on straight  Federal party lines.  ,s  ��  e  j?  "le  a  i -  '*!  ���M  ���J  .,..,- |... raf���fiSft'S MINES AND MINING.  There has been a   good strike on   the   Isis  group.  It is not  likely  the  the  Whitewater  mill  will start before December 1.  It is reported that   a good body of ore   has  been struck in the Swansea.  ;   A brother of the Hon. F. W.  Aylmer is taking out a  patent for a new "drilling machine.  It is stated that the company represented  by Henry Croft, M. E., will start operations  at Spillimachene this season.  From the promising look of things at  Windermere it is believed there will be several  camps at work there this winter.  Good news comes from the Pretty Girl on  Horsethief Creek where a body of three feet of  soiid ore has been struck in the shaft.  It is said that every 110,000 tons of anthracite coal mined in Pennsylvania costs the  life of one workman and more than two  serious injuries. Every 360,080 tons of bitu-  minus coal means the life of a mii.er and injuries to at least three others.  The Beatrice claim in the Fish crerk country, which is under to Mr. Beers, of Nelson  has 100 tons of galena on th�� dump. During the last three months twelve men "have  driven in a tunnel 300 feet, out of which the  ore was taken and it will be rawhided out  this winter.  The International Silver Companv has been  formed under the laws of the Sta^e of New  Jersey, with a capital stock of $15,000 000 preferred and $15,000,000 common st ek Th��  combination is said to have absorbed the  leading manufacturers of silverware on the  opatment, including the Standard Si I ,dr Plate  Co., Toronto.  be the largest gold producing country in the  world. He says southern British Columbia  and eastern Kootenay will soon possess a  dozen Rosslands, and says the period is not  far distant when smelters will dot the country  at intervals of a few miles.  A company   has   been  organized  to supply  . the mines of  Rossland with   comp^epsed   air,  arid the plant is to be located on Beaver creek,  about four miles below Trail, on the -#��as.t side  ofthe river.    F. A. Heinze is on�� ofthe promoters of  the enterpriz��, which,   a< cording to  the B.   C.  Gazette, has  been incorporated for  $200,000.    The stockholders   are C.   K.   Mil-  bourne, of Nelson, A.   J.   McMillan,-of  Rossland, D.    J.   Fitzgerald, of   Trail,   and W.  S.  Norman, of Rossland.  Slocan ore,  all things   considered, says the  Sandon Paystreak, is paying the highest treatment  charges in  the world.    This is   not because the   smelter men,   like    the   railroads,  charge all   the traffic   will stand.    If  the Slocan ore were of lower grade smelting would be  cheaper; if more valuable, treatment would be  higher.    If  th�� present  smelter craze  results  in the building of compet&tive smelters on the  Canadian side of the line  it will b�� an   incalculable boon to Slocan mine owners.  In an interview with the Montreal Star,  J. B. McArthur, president of the Rossland  Board of Trade, ventured the prediction after  submitting his representations to Mr John  Charlton, M. P., one of the Canadian Commis-  ioners, that fifteen years hence, Canada    will  |  Although  this  has   been  a   comparatively  quiet   sta^on,   much   honest  work   has   been  done in East Kootenay.    Many people, strong  financially, have been reconnoitering, and  a  steady advance is reported from all over East  Kootenay.    There are already some ve y fine  mines and others will certainly be added to the  list before long.    For a young country unheard  of seven years ago, the  rate at  which it  has  been   opened up, and the development of the  mines, have been truly wonderful. So says Mr.  Carlyle,   formerly     provincial     mineralogist .  of the  province of British  Columbia, and no  man is better acquainted with the resources of  the district.  It looks as though   the ore shipments   from  Rossland had permanently reached an average  of 4,000 tons a week.    It is   unlikely that the  Le roi will decrease  its shipments for a  long  time to come.    It would be an excellent thing  if the   trouble  between  the   opposing  shareholders were settled.    This  is the only cloud  on   the   horizon.    And   probably  when   Mr.  Whittaker   Wright arrives in   Rossland and  sees for himself how things are, settled it   wiil  be.    For next year's output chief reliance must  be placed on   the Le   Roi, War Eagle,   Center  Star, No.   1,   Columbia  and   Kootenay, and  Velvet.    There are several others which  may  also come   to  the front as producers but  tn��  main output  is most likely to be from   those  named.    In  themselves they,are sufficient   to  increase the total output of the camp so as to  make '99 a year of assured  prosperity.-���Rossland Leader.  landowner for, any loss or damage which may  result from placer  mining operations on  his  hand.    As a matter of fact, the damage in any  ordinary case during the preliminary developments would be slight, and therefore a miner's  personal   guarantee would   in most cases   be  sufficient and.acceptable to the Commissioner.  Should,.however,  large  workings   be  undertaken   the ground   may be presumed to   be  valuable, in which case the claim would in itself be good security for any damage  done to  the  owner of   the land.    In a   case   where a  placer claim was staked, out in the neighborhood  of buildings or  where damage is   likely  to be considerable, a substantial bond would  be   demanded   by   the   Gold   Commissioner.  The grievance which exists in Australia, where  the placer miner can make us�� of the workings  of the lode miner  to assist  his   own development, has never risen in the Province, nor  is  it likely to.    In the first case a locater, having  a free miner's  licence, would probably   stake  out an   alluvial  claim   in   the first  instance,  should he find  traces  of gold on the surface  before proceeding   to develop his reef;   and, in  any case, the payment of $500 would confirm  him   in perpetual   possession of 52   acres and  all the   works thereon.    It   may   be   observed  that the B. C. mining laws, although far from  perfect,   are much   more liberal   than those in  force in  the N. W.   T., including the  Yukon  district, Manitoba, or in the eastern   province.  ���British Columbia Review.  A Mother of Queens.  A comparison between  the laws  regulating  the   acquisition   m  surface   rights   by   gold  miners in  Australia and the  Province is entirely in  favor of  British   Columbia.    Up to  the present time there has been no  trouble between lode miner* and placer miners.    British  Columbian mineral claims which contain fifty-  two acres, or less, are obtained  from the Government   at   what  practically   amounts to a  yearly lease,   the sum of $100 per annum being either pdd to the Government or expended in development   work on the claim.    After  five such payments   have been made and the  claim  has been  surveyed, the owner can  obtain   a   Crown grant,   which   gives   him full  rights to the gold, silver, copper, etc., but  the  coal, alluvial gold, and the surface rights still  belong  to   the   Crown.    The last  can   be acquired  outright on   a further payment  of ��1  par acre.    The coal can be worked on payment  of a royalty of 5d. per  ton, or purchased outright for ��2 per acre.    As regards alluvial or  placer diggings   anyone can   stake out claims  on farms, Government land, or Crown granted  mineral   claims.    Similar   to   the   privileges  which this class ef miner enjoy in Australia,  the difference, however, is this, that a bond has  to  be put  up to the satisfaction of the  Gold  Commissioner   sufficient   to    indemnify   the  The death of the Queen of Denmark  brings  mourning  to  many  courts.     The    kingdom  which her husband rules is  small and of  no  great importance  among   the  nations of  the  earth.      Yet even this monarchy was   far   be  beyond the prospects  and ambitions of   the  young German whom the equally poor Landgrave's daughter  loved and   married   nearly  three score years, ago.     Much less could they  have dreamed that their children, born   when  the parents were not even heirs to   the  throne  of Denmark, should  ocqupy the  greatest  imperial thrones.     Yet this same good and wise  old Queen has seen   her  daughter's  husband  and  her  daughter^  son crowned    Czars    or  Russia,   another   dauhgter's     husband    and  daughter's son  in the  succession  to the   imperial throne of Great Britain, one of her own  sons alreadly sovereign of  the  oldest  nation  in Europe, and   the other   heir to the  crown  of Denmark.     Compared with these alliances  two others, one with a royal house in Germany  and another with the royal line of old France,  are  less conspicuous.  It is common to speak of royal marriages as  dictated or at least suggested by influences  of  courts and of state.     The career of this   Danish family   points  in  another  direction.     It  is a family  well   liked  everywhere,   the  men  strong,  acitve, handsome sane and  capable ;  the women   beautiful,   vigorous,  natural   and  simple, yet not without refinement and talent.  It was by their great success in   raising  a  family that this German cougle  captured  the  half of two continents.  zsmmimm. THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  y~  NOTES AND COMMENTS.  A French surgeon is reported to have written  [a paper to prove that gullotin rig is a slow arid  [cruel method of administering the-death pen--  jalty. -.He says that the brain receives nourish-^  merit after decapitation and the senses remain  acute for sometime. Our notions on the sub-,  ject of.hanging will have to be revised. .Most  o�� #]s were under the impression that death  fox^wed instantaneously upon the snapping.of  the spinal cord by ,.the drop. Chopping the  head ojf is certainly a very efficacious method  of severing the cord.  the various Btations as the train sweeps-along.  But Mr. Sifton should not be  discouraged by.  the "crazy quilt" result he; produces. We  -Slave  ari-f abundance   of   assimilating, power  here; we have lots of sroom for all sorts of  . people to .live by .'themselves until they   t row  a desire and an adaptability for compariion-  - ship;:and we want'.population.  Cuba has now .a.coat of. arms..which.-is- largely symbolical of her history. ������ Before a bundle  of faces���meaning authority and power?���rests  a shield, on one side of which is a wreath of  oak leaves. Upon the upper half of the shield  itself is pictured the sunrise of new- prosperity,  rising over a sea, lighting-up a bay into which  commerce will soon stream/ In the foreground  of this body of water is drawn a key symbolizing Cuba itself as the key of the Indies.  The lower part is divided-, one half representing the agriculture of the, island and the  other the national colors. Su mounting the-  shield is a cap. of liberty beaming the single  star of Cuba. Neither the color nor the design of the Stars and Stripes 'appear in this"  ���coat of arms, but no doubt before long it will  be added in some very ingenious device.  One wonders"how Hon. Clifford Si{ton...gets  on the trail of all/the "freak" people lie>��� seems.  to be gathering up in Europe, to form a. part  ofthe citizenship of this great, and glorious  Dominion. A little time ago --he' .-brought.us  over a.'..consignment of Gallacians,' and. now  we are .told' that he is negotiating f-or^a .cargo  of "spirit-wrestlers" from Eusgia. These may  be and probably .are, all excellent' people.  They will certainly, be better off in this wide  and free .Doniinion.../.than- they-- were in- their  native ������ lands.. The '"spirit-wrestlers5", for- instance, are said to have suffered, persecution in  Russia, because they ��� entertained, conscientious scruples against entering, military service. This will be no bar ..t.0: their;;-. progress  and prosperity here where we have no compulsory military service. But the marvel o.: it all  is���how does Mr. Sifton hear of "these distressed amorig; all' natioris ? . The Montreal  Star says hei could not have abetter eye for  the unique; if he were purchasing agent' for a  circus, or'had a concession from himself to  establish ���& Midway Plaisance in the North-  West. If "he keeps on' in this way, a trip to the  prairie country will be more entertaining than  a visit to the World's Fair. We may not be  the whole earth, as certain people imagine  themselves to be; but We will have samples of  11 creation5 always on view and not in their  "store clothes" but in their every day working  garb and demeanor. The C. P. R, will be  able to advertise not only the greatest railway  on earth, the finest mountain scenery, the  most obliging porters and the rest of it, but  the  most variagated  human aggregations  at  ���   The question is  some times .asked,   even in  -these   days   of   improved' mining*   methods.  Doe3 .mining   pay?  :.T-he;. Mining Reporter of  Denver, speaking in    the   name of   Colorado, '  answeres that....question in, a ;way   that  even  those who-, "run .may.  read".    It ..says,--i<-.   its.-  las.t number received: :-. - ,.  Colorado- mining   companies  have paid in  dividends' for 'the"'eight   months of  the  year  ���ending September 1; $1,825^525. This only  includes those    companies    whose stocks   are  -publicly  dealt in. ' The  dividends of   private"  earning interests and'close corporations would  certainly-double   those    figures.    The   same.  ratio for the remainder of'-the year will   make'  the publicly-declared dividends nearly $2,500,-  ���...000. ��� Including profits derived from private  mining enterprises, $5,000,000 -is a safe estimate of the .net results of tho industry in this  S.ate for 1898.' That- is 5 per cent, on an investment of $100,0.0.0,000.   ���-���  .".The question is .frequently, asked of-late, to  ���whafr-mav be attributed the renewed interest  in   mining '^enterprises,,, particularly ^n   this  /country ?  /The   cause.' is., riot jlifBcuit   Jo dis--  ;cover.    Capital is '.always. >eady-..totengajge. in  ^enterprises- which pay.,.,...Mining does pay.;  The facrtas been established^ Jt -is as  legitii-  " mate a'business enterprise. as: raising:.wheat, of ���-  smelting it'op",\ if it is reduced to  commercial..  ��� principles'; and the men. who have made:rjain-;.:  ing successful and .conservative   at. this .time..'  ' /ar ���-'.'those * who have   brought  to   hear - on- its':  brains, .educationa]   equipment   and. ordinary,  common sense. .... '   ,.   ..    ;:.    ...  . -.;.:,;...; ...��������.:.:  ���..-.-.Look', at'"these figures:   .From  the,.;mogt reliable authorities it is gj.ean'e.d that the precious-;  metal   mines of the . V7est produced. = in  189.7^  ,$i25,0O0^OCfeiV    A vast, sum qf.tremendous -. importance io .mankind, because it is rigw -wealth  dug from   'the .bowels  of   mother-,eaa*th.    Esti- >  'mates of careful j6.gures.a-re.. .to:..the.epect   that.  '"of the $125iO06,odD produced, the distribution  was as follows; '���������-.'.;���  'Transportation^ charges..'. ��� ;��� .812,500,000  Opst'ofrea-Ud-bian . ."��� .:'.'..-..'-..: ".".. - ��� ���'��� 18,750,000  Operating expenses, wages, equipment,- etc.:....... 46,250,00.0  &et profit to' owners'...... ������������������ ���.���..-..���������'.��� .- ��� ���  47,500,000  Sere is a destributiqn of returns, which cannot-'be shown: by. .any, other .industry, 37 per  cent, of the total going to.reimburse the investor, 36 per cent, to the,miner, and the remainder divided, between the railroads,; ore:-h.aulera,  mills andsjpaeiters; and of. the gold., .produced  lit was just that;: .much, new, original money,  which will'bless mankind forever and ever.  We read in the Detroit Tribune that ."Mies  Julia Arthur doesn't like the roll of Clorinda."  If that is the case, why does not Clorinda take  a tumble and walk instead of rolling?  ,   -     .,..      SHOHX .-SjTORIE3,-..;  -Some-one asked -Max^Nordau to define the  difference between genius ;- and insanity.  "Well," said/the . a>utKor *-oP "Degeneration,"'  "the lunatic is, at least, sure of his board and  clothes." .      -..,-.- ���.   .  .    ....  j j  Gioacchino Rossini, who was a  great jester,  was once seen   embracing a Spaniard with effusion.    Asked" the  reason, he; replied:    "Because without Spain we would be  the last na- ���  tion." ���   * ���       . ���  ���  ;Father "Healy's'wit'-s"eid^ 'lt-  On one occasion, however, some vulgar people  asked how   he got on ' so. wetij in- fine  hbus'es. .  '���Faith," said:FatherHeajy,'^must be,from ..  my mother I got it,   for papa was  as common  as any of you." -v  :.   . \,    ���. *.\r ���'-.-.  .^::.When Sir ��� Robert Walpole retired^ntcf ^pri-.-?  vate life", time  hung heavy on his  hands, and ,.  Horace exerted himself to   amuse{his .{ather. ''  One dav   hSofi&etl^to'' readc."to"Iiim.    "What  will you rea^ShiTd?'' asked Sir Robert, wearily.    Hurace'suggested history.'* ' "No, no," replied   the ��� veteran-statesman^- ."not-hisUcry1, ������  Horace; that can't be. true."  An accident or death is ..^rnost of cjafl'y occurrence in the mining districts of ^outli  Wales. A young fellow being out of work  journeyed to a pertain:.'.mine in search .of employment. "Have you a- job you can give  me?" he asked -of tiie ���manager.; -"Not" at  present; but if you Plep into the" office for a  few minutes I may hear of. some' person killed  pr wounded," was the reply.  '��� ' Early..-one, .morning, -many,  years   ago,   a  burglar, "-'wa-Sir tinning -.at-. the4o.p  of his   speed  'along  i-Jboridon:.thoroughfare,  pursued   by   a  "lady who:-vociferated  "Stop thief!"-    A: milkman   intercepted the   fugitive, who- promptly  "ixelaimed.-.: "For- Heaven's- sake,   let me go.  ; iWmyiwife^and she'll   just about kill   me."'  ''The milkman, was a married man himself, and  heallowed the malefactor to;e&cape.' ''���  ; ������ The story is .told of an -English militia regiment whose:reputa:tipn.;.c8W!.as' none . of the -best,  that on one occasion a detective from Scotland  ���asked to,be allowed to. inspect the regiment to  discover if possible .if. -a certain malefactor  .were in., the ranks. Permission being given,  the detective, accompanied by the adjutant of  the regiment, made the.tour of the. various  ���.companies, from rank and rear rank. When  the official had gone to tho last man ofthe  rear rank of .the rear company, he stopped  suddenly andgazed -earnestly at the rather  embarrassed warrior. "Why, you surely have  made a mistake," exclaimed:the adjutant, in-  ndignantly; "why, you have pitched on the  best man in" the battalion. He has been with  us for more, than twenty years, and he is our  pattern soldier. His arms are amass of good-  conduct-badges, and he' is the example of all  that is best in the life of a soldier. You  surely do not know him?" "No," replied the  detective, "I do not���but I know all the others."  ...  :r  1  6  .  1  w  ,              ��  i  1  9  t  !  r  X  \  &  JB��  >  S  !  ���  ^  ���-P  e  '���  e  i  I  ie  ie  ^J,  oft  o  I,  I  11  I  i"  1 V  '�����'  1 6  TIOS NELSON ECONOMIST  *JBBBBBbl~  ueen Automatic Refrigerators  Lightning Ice Gream Freezer$*T~~'p  Pails made of Best Virginia White Cedar, with Electric welded wire hoops  Puritan Wic.kl.esS Oil Stoves  NELSON HARDWARE CO.  KOOTENA V LAKE SAW MILL  AHD  Lumber,  Lath,  ��   Shingles.  G. O. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders   Promptly   Fitted   and [Sash d*Doers  Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings,  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street.  Turned Work.  JOHN RAE, AGENT.  ���*-a^-��-g-fl-*^-fi-*AflJU^^ 9fl90oo*  SOd-PACIFlC LIM|  uors  We are direct importers and Wholesale Dealers in  WINES,  LIQUORS,   HA VAN A  CIGARS,   ETC  All the leading brands always in stock.  RiTHER c�� LE/SER  -     ___ * w  ���    Cn?>  T�� Eastern and European point*.   To Pacifie  C��ait, China, Japan, and Australia points.  TOURIST CARS  Models of comfort  Pass Revelstoke daily to  St. Paul  Daily (except Wednesday) to  Eastern points  connections!  To Rowland and main line points :  Daily Dally  C :40 p.m. leaves ��� NELSON���arrires 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str. Kokanea  Ex.Sun. Ex.Sun.  4 p. m.    leaves ���KELSON���arrive" :   11 a.a.  Kootenay River Route, Str., Nelson:  Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.  7 a. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 6 :S0 p. m.  Makes connection at Pilot Bay with str Kokane.e  in both directions. Steamers on their respective  routes call at principal landings in both directions, and at other points when signalled.  Slocan City, Slocan Lake points and Sandon  Except Sunday Except Sunday  0 a.m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 2:20 p.m.  Ascertain rates and full information from  nearest local agent or from GEO. S. BEER, City  Ticket Agent, Nelson, B. C. J. HAMILTON,  Agent, Nelson, B. C.  TinsmitNiiig  Plumbing  AMD  Josephine Street  Neismnl  f. 9. Anderson,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  5. J. Coy8��,  Diet. Pass. A gen %  Vancouver B.C.  WADDS BROS,  'f  VANCOUVER and NELSON  wear Phair Hotel. Victoria Street Nelsom.  LOCAL AND  PROVINCIAL.  A VISITOR'S OPINION.  Rev. Dr. Spencer Speaks   of  His   'Work   and  Melson���A Charming City.  The revival services being conducted by Rev.  Dr. Spencer at the Baptist church in this city  are creating an interest. The style of the  meetings are evangelistic with plenty of gospel singing, and will be continued every night  this week and next Sunday. Dr. Spencer not  only expects to see many people appreciating  the effort, but will baptise by immersion in  the new church, and probably for the first  time in the city of Nelson.  When   Pastor Welch   first came to   Nelson  he  was confronted   with  the  statement   that  Baptists   were  a  scarce commodity, but Dr.  Spencer affirms there are four and a half million   of Baptist members  in  North America,  one hundred  thousand   of  whom   are in the  Dominion.    This  membership  multi plied by  the usual four adherents makes at least  eighteen   million Baptists  in the half  continent  named.     Then there  are  over   two   million  other Baptists i. e. disciples, etc.  There is no compromise about these people.  They go in for liberty of conscience, absolute  separation between church and state. The  word of God alone is their chart and compass  and they give the right to every man to worship God as he thinks fit, while they believe  the cardinal truths of the Gospel must be believed unto salvation.  Dr. Spencer is Superintendent of Missions  for B.   C.    There  are over  twenty  churches  and missions in the Province with calls  from  many points.    Several   new  missionaries   are  coming from   the  east.    Mr. T.   K.   William,  son, of this city, ig  going   to  labor   at Kaslo  and   Whitewater    A new pastor is coming  to  Nelson, Kamloops, Trail, Boundary  country,  and   several  for  the Coast and   Island.    All  parties in political and municipal life have to  reckon with the Baptist influence, for they are  uncompromising  foes   to oppression   and   to  giate interference with religion.    In Manitoba  there  are about  one hundred  churches  and  missions and there are at least one  thousand  ministers in   active work  from sea  to sea   in  Canada   and   twenty-five   thousand   in   the  States.    They have two universities in Canada,  one "Acadia" in Nova Scotia, and "McMaster"  in   Toronto, besides  several colleges fog- boys,  young men  and ladies.    Among their  members are some of the strongest men in the Dominion.    The services of Dr. Spencer so far as  he has gone  in th�� dozen   places visited  encourages him to hope for great growth  in the  work of th�� Province in the Bear future.  The doctor is delighted with Nelson and  prophecies that it has a great future if the progressive ��iti sens will take care monopolist do  not run things for their own benefits. To him  the scenery ig magnificent and he is having a  real good time over it staying at Hotel   Phair.  The Lely Concert. '*'��� .  The Lely concert tomorrow night will bring  forth a large attendance. Th�� Victoria papers  are unstinted in their praise of Mr. Lely'a entertainment.  PROGRAMME  PAKT I."  Pi ano���Sonata Opus 19 ��� ... Beethoven  f ?~~^rulingolaube Schubert  Songs < b���Ouvre tres yeux bleus  . ..... .Massenet  tc���La Serenata..   To#ti  Operatic Aria���"Let me Like a. Soldier Fall". ...PP.V.'. *B��H*  _ (Maritana)  Romania���Adelaida  ....  .Beethoven  FART II.  Piano���Impromptu in A Plat  ... Schtibert  ��� n. fAnnie Ii��urle.....v    Three Scotch Songs 1 Plow Gently Sweet Alton......  (Bonnie Prince Charlie   m^      ���    , ^.   ��� (Savourneen Daeelish   Three Irish Songs��{ The Meeting of the Water*.:....  (The Minstrel Boy ;;.     '  _    '     ���     ,, ^ TBy the Fountain. Adasna  Three English Ballads-? The Distant Shore  .Sullivan  (Sally in Our Alley Gar��y  Fred Irvine  is slowly recovering from his  W A. Macdonald, Q. C, was slightly India-  The   Winnipeg    Commercial   reviews     the  British Columbia   trade situation   as  follows:  "Strong efforts have been made to ad vance th��  price   of  butter,   and  prices   are   nominally  about   1 o higher   on  ereamery;   dairy   un-  cnanged.    Demand poor.    Eggs are |c lower.  Some pickled  eggs are coming  in,  and they  ar�� held  ic higher  than fresh,  which  seems^  somewhat   unusual.    Cheese   has  been   sold  here at 104c.    This i@ presumably early mad��  cnees�� that was bought  some time ago, a�� at  present prices east it would cost 11 to 11 ie to  lay cheese   down  here   in  car   lots.     Large  local offerings of potatoes have reduced prices  $1 at $2 per ton,r  ���� if  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  m  ���A).  The    Largest   Supply   of  Horse      Blankets      Ever  Brought into   the Kootenay.     Every one High  Grade   Article.     Inspection in-  OPPOSITE P. O  NELSON,  B. C.  /\  CERT.'FiCATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  " Big "Bump" mineral claim, situate in tin  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay In's-  trict.  . Where'located : Salmon '-River, North i;F6rJ<.  about twelve milesfrdm Eriei :  ;-������  Talce'notiee that I, John A. Coryell, as agent,  for the Big Bumo Gold Mining Company, Fret  Miner's Certificate 'No. 130S1A, 'inteiicl,' sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder.for-a certificate of improvements.  jor..the purpose of obtaining a crown grant oi  vthe'-above claim.    .    .,' .���  Arid further take notice that action, under  section 87, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 9th day oi>"August,'lS9S. '"' - .��� .-,.-.  ;  '.?;'..:     -'^V    . ���;7ohn-A.'Corvell. agent. ,';���  Notice of Application   to   Purchase   Land.  Sixty days after date I intend fo apply to the  Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for  permission to purchase the follov^hjg described  . unsurveyed'and Xihreserved land,'viz.: Beginning at a post set on the south tpirrje of Kootenay Ri ver,iibouV2i^ m iles west of Nelson, an d  'marked " E.' (.t/Arth.ur\S'North.(yi^ Corner,"  thence south'.forty chains, .thence, vest forty  chains,-.thence north forty chain*njpre or less  "to the Kootenay river, thence eaTsC following  the nieahdefingg of the Kootenajsrrvcr, to the  point of beginning, ���containing' pile hundred  arid sixty acres more or less. dv/  July SO, 3S9S.    "������                   '       E.C Akthur.  ������������-- - ��� ' '*;-&   AT,THE��� ^  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVED EWTS.  :" " Relief Fraction" .mineral claim, situate ii  ���the Nelson Mining Division of West' -Kootena;  District.:  '���..-���������-;.������������".,.���������������, ..-  ���-' .'"'������.'       '"."���'';���   .,���'.'  ������  -Where located : North fork of Salmon River  about twelve miles from Erie.'���'"/:'���.   -    ���   ,.  Take notice that I,.John A. :Corye'H, as. ageil1  for  R.  K; Neill,  Free .���.Miner's; Crr<tiric'at��  No  494SA; intend, sixty days from the date hereo;",  to apply to the mining recorder for a  eerti'fi  cate of improvements, for the purpose -of .ob.  taining a crown-grant of the;above elaim". -..' ' ' ���'���'  And "further take notice' that, action, undc  section 37, must be commenced before the is  suance of such certificate of imorov-ements.',"   ;i  Dated this 9,th .day of August,'1'898. Y  ���     ;      .-.��� Johjs".A. Coryell, agent.-  CERTIFICATE  ,':���' "Second  Relief"  the Nelson  .District.  Where located : '.''North fork of  about'twelve miles from Erie.'.'"'...  Take notice that I, John A". Cor.vell  OF IMPROVEMENTS.  miheral cl aihP,* si tuate in  Mining Division of West, Kootenay  ion River,  m  lor J. A'.  Finch,  Free Miner's CM'  :1674A, intend, sixty days from the elate  to apply to the mining recorder ��3$ a  Mass: Meeting for' Meii^e^t.Sunday'-at -4 p; m-  W^''- * - ��� ^Stibject: A Scaffold -Scheme.- - -'   -    -  v  ESSHECSEaaCB  ^COMMANDING 'ATTENTION  ���is   simply a   matter  of being  well dressed. "  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will' receive": all the attention; a well  dressed nian deserves.  Our winter suits   of Harris  Homespuns ' are   marvels    of  good quality, good   style   and  /good      workmanship.        The  value is great.  CERTIFICATE OF \.MFR.OVEfifiEN'TS.  " Sjtar Shine "mineral claim, situate in th\  Nelson Mining Division of AVest Kootenay di.-.  trict. .���'.��� ���'���������.  Where located :'North fork of ;Salmon River  about twelve miles from Erie.  ��� ' Take notice that I, John A. Coryell, as.agen:  for  R.  K.  Neill���;.. free ; miner.'s:..certiticate   No  4948A:,.iriterid'; sixty day's from the date hereoi.  to apply to the mining recorder, for  a cert it!  eate of improvements, for the purpose of ob  taining.a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take'"notice that action,   uncle  ^section 87, must be. commenced  before  the issuance of such certificate of imbrovements.  Dii'tcd'tliis 9th day of August,'189S. .'.':."'���'  John.A. Cop^vkll. agent.  agent  to iS'O.  CERTIFICATE OF i��S_PROVEiVIEp3TS.  " Canadian Queen "mineral claim, situate lithe! Nelson.Mining Division of West Kootenav  district.   ;..;          ' -���"���������  Where located : North Fork of Salmon River,  about two'miles from Erie.  Take notice that I, John A. Coryell, as  for W. F. Mitchell,'Free Miner's Cor.tihcfi  3357S.A, E. M. Ingram, Free Miner's Certilicar  No. No. 5292 A, arid A. B.���Ingram, Free Miner'  Certificate No. SS3S A, intend sixty days fron  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Keeorde  for a certificate of improvements, for the pur  pose of obtaining a Crown grant ofthe abovt  claim.  And further take, notice that action, undo  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 5th day of September. 1S9S.  John A. Coryell.  , as agent  ficate^ No.  te hereof,  ...  <-, -_ ~���.   .~���, a certifi  cate of'Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above^elaim.  And further take notice  that action,  under  section 37-, must be commenced  bfetyre  the is-  auance of such certificate of improxx^rients.,  Dated this 9th day of August, 1898 A-.:  John A.-Coryell, Agent.  ;     CERT! FlCATE OF IM PROVE WI^NTS  " Crarid Union " mineral claim, si tuate in  the Nelson Mining Division of W'^8^XK��otenav  District. .'  Where located : North fork of Sa|��i��on River,  about twelve miles from Erie..      ���  Take notice'that I, John A. Cory^jfe as agent  for R. K. Neill, Free Miner's Certificate No.  '4948A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply .to the 'mining recorder for" a certi lien te  of 'improvements, for:the purpose ol^obtaining  a crown grant of the above claim.    ���l  And further take notice, that action, .under  section 37, mustbe..commenced  before,-the is  X>ated this 9th " "  " '  suance of such certificate of imprai'pjnt  day of A'u'guait-189S.X.U  John A. Coryell; agent.  ate of I rnproverr\gn  la"  mineral   claini/'sn  ts.  "tiuite 'ii)  Wfi&t Ivooto-  ^ Siaa Sa^a    ?k& Q    **s& ^s-^ *ix��? ,S ��3 ^ Bsna a  .K<  * __L,  ������       H  TvS. GOKE.  f  II. Burnet.  J. II. McGllEGOi.  Certjfjca  "Pjincess  Id  the Nelson mining division -oi  ntty Pistrict.  "'���Where located :���On    Morning 4'^fpun(ain,  ncjir the head ������waters of Sanely- Creek^  ���Ta'-lce notice that I, J< >h n   McLat(?|vp, acting  as a-yent for   13.   R.   0.; Walbey,  Fr*ee Minor's  Certificate:NTo, 2(i57 A, William  II   IjJpinbury,  Free Miner's  Certificate ��� No. 2751 A, and Michael Egan. Fi*ee Minor's Certineaf.$[jNo. 25N1  A, intend, sixty days from the daLe'hereof. to  apply to tiie Mining Recorder for.aacjjrtiticato  of improvements, for the purpose of obtain ing  a Crown grant of the above. claim.:<i^]Kl tur-  tiior.talcc notice that r��,cfcion. under section 57,  must bo  commenced, before   the  i^sifance of  such certificate of imp -ovomonts.  Dated this, first day of October. 18$H  '     ��� John:]NIcLatchik," P  . .���__tij s:  I... S.  Pack and saddle horses furnished on shortest  ���'���������    ?:' Open da}7 and night.  Provincial  and   Dominion   Land  Sut  veyprs and^ClvfI engineer^. ���������.,.  Ag'ents for Obtaining"  Crown   Grants and  stract of Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  "ELSQfif,   -  -. -. British Columbia  -fl  .Before biding a  laiao. ��$  ���4  Ab-  notice.       Telephone  67  H  P(  PE  Go to Painton's, the^n  &.MU.i5IC'C0.9NEISON'  ptician and  MeKillop   Block,  Baker   street.  All work guaranteed.  EL  fro  u  d  RATES; $i  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  per day and up.  Schooner Beerptb  cents  E. J.   Curran, Proprietor.  J. H. Bowes, barrister, has returned from  Borland.  ^SchbolTnspector Burns is paying an official  visit to Nelson.  A special meeting of the city council is be-  ing1;&ejdrthis afternoon.  J6'ri!ti'B. Betallick has been ill at Spokane,  but is riow recovering. ,./.-,  The Moyie, the new C. P. R.. steamer, will  be launched next Saturday.  Mrs. D. Morris   and children returned from  Vancouver last night after a thrae months visit.  ���-j  ' Phere is no truth in the report that the  Victoria Hotel is to be turned .into a music  hall.  Mr. Freeman Lake will be married to Miss  Tuck at St. John's N. B., next Saturday  afternoon.  Mrs. G. Hunter, who has been visiting  friends at Carleton Place, Ont., wiJl return  home this month.  The Van Home party only remained one  Difht in Nehon, but the C. P. R. president  made a tour of inspection of the city.  Organizer Lucas of the Conservative Association was in the city this week. Here-  ports great progress in the matter of organization, and predicts that the Conservatives will  make a clean sweep when the time comes.  Rev. Dr. Spencer will speak to Men Only  next Sunday afternoon at 4 o'clock at the Baptist church. He was the clergyman who was  on the scaffold with two men in the East hung  for murder. He has a message from them to  oth@r men and will deliver it.  The Silver King   Minstrels will give a   con  cert in the Nelson rink Friday 'evening Oct.  28.. The proceeds will be for the benefit 0|f.>John  Wedlock, who was serious^ injured t\fe the  Silver Kinff mine last sprino;. The minstrels  will be assisted by Nelson talent including  Mrs. W. F. Brougham, Mrs. W. J. G'Jepel',  Mrs. M. S. Davys and Miss Patti��  Rhodbfc".  An   Italian   laborer,   whose  passport1.s^hows  him to   he one Vincenzo, died  si.ddenly ^at the  Kootenay hotel this morning.    lie   arrived in  town a    couple of   days   ago and   represented  himself as being dead broke  and in ill h'i\]th.  The   man   was   evidently very weak, an'a the  hotel people allowed  him to occupy a   great in  the bar  room  over  night,   and s.ippliediohim  with food.    This morning at 8  o'clock h,et was  found dead in the chair.    The police were communicated with, and on  searching the   body a  sum of $45  was found   tied up in   a, handkerchief and   wrapped round  the right   leg;* An  inquest will be held tomorrow.  M  ���i ���:���'  w  .-���IE  Hi?:.  m-  ii--<^  < ���        v..  i i 8  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  A TALE OF THE WAR.  I   first knew Jack  DeMesnil in  1895, when  he   joined   my  militia  company as bugler.     He came and  applied and I took him on without  a reference, on account  of his   appearance, arid to please the colonel,  who   liked   men  who   would   look  well   on  parade.      Jack  was     the  tailast, broadest-shouldered, handsomest man in the   regiment;   and,  besides,   he   had   accomplishments  not a few.     He seemed, to  know   a  good deal about the new firing regu-  1 ations and put   the  first sergean t  on to some errors  in   our  practice.  The firsi sergeant told me and I told  the; colonel, who said : /' Yes,' that  is what I have always insisted   on.  Do   it."     This  was   the    colonel's  1 ittl e w ay   of  shirk ing   an   i m pu t-  ation of ignorance. v  Jack showed the battery   boys   a  step on his horn   which   not    only  took us by with   credit  and   many  handclaps, but so uplifted the  spirits of the comj.)any that many  of the men, as they afterwards confessed, felt like conquering heroes  returning from some hard-fought,  imaginary conflict to the everflow-  ing gratitude of a saved nation,  and to glory that could never grow  ...dim.'. ��� ���, /���'  This was Jack's accomplishment,  and I think I do not exaggerate it.  One evening, in the winter of 1897,  I had the pleasure of entertaining,  at the armory, Captain Maddock of  if the regu 1 ar service, who was f-u 11  of reminiscences and very i instructive, from a military point of view.  The Sergeant was drilling a squad  Of raw recruits in the hall, and had  asked Jask DeMesnil to " blow a  tune to keep them happy." Captain Maddock was in the midst of  .i discussion about armv shoes when  few things   about   rapid-fire  guns,  making a good many friends there: | ^ suddenly . stopped  and listened.  by, and when be went on camp and  it rained five days out of eight, the  natural genius he displayed in  making tent floors and keeping the  company dvy was sim ply  astound-  Jack was plaj-ing some choice variations, and the Captain rose to his  feet.':.;''  "Where is that?"  he asked, and  ���'���i"   -....- ��� - - ��� '^. /  serter, and my official duty will be  to report his whereabouts to the  military authorities."  I was grieved and astounded.  "Captain,"I said, Jack DeMesnil is  the most useful and popular man  in the regiment."  "A little too free with his advice," said the Colonel,'-"but a fair  bugler, a very fair bugler."    i  "Gentlemen," said Captain Mad-  dock, "your certificate of good behavior mav lighten the man's sen-  fence."  "Sentence!" I exclaimed. "We  can't afford to lose him. We'll  word a petition such as the War department never saw Jyet."  And we would have done it, but  even while we were speaking, Jack,  who had seen the Captain out of  the corner of his eye, was taking  hig hasty leave of the armory, and  planning a precipitate departure  from the city. The next, morning  he was gone, and no one knew  whither.  If this had been the whole of  Jack's story, I would not have  troubled to   wrice it down.    I  saw  men recognized his  note as soon as  ing.      "Natural genius," we called J i;he passage   and  upstairs.      1  fol-  it, for we did   not know   where   he. fowed: him, met the Colonel coming  without another word walked^ into [Captain Maddock at Chickamauga  before our   regiment wasr mustererl  learned the business. Jack held  a small job in the office of a coal  dealer. He belonged, I was once  told, to a German cornet club, but  he spent most of his time at the  armory, watching drill, helping  clean arms, but seldom conversing  at all.  Jack's principal accomplishment  was   his   bugling,   and   about    his  natural genius for this there can be  nodonbt.      Was he satisfied   with  playing   the   bars   printed   in   the  regulations ?   Not  so.      Were   his  endeavors   bounded   by    anything  hitherto known in the regteminar?  Far from   it.     He   took   a   theme  and improvised upon   it.      He   expanded an order until it seemed an  exhortation ; a command still, but,  more than that, an appeal to  each  man's deepest aesthetic,   emotional  and moral nature. It was a musical  treat to hear him.      His reveille in  camp was as though all the hope and  joy of humanity had blended  with  the gladness of nature, bird   voices,  streamlets and the dewy   freshness  of morn, to be poured forth  in  one  strain of   piercing,  enfolding,   eloquent music.     When the National  Convention was   held  in   the  ci?.y,  and we paraded in honor of the party  ehiefs we passed the hotel balcony at  near the end of the column, not expecting much applause.     The men  were tired and shuffling, but as we  approached Jack  played   a  quick-  up from below,'and the three of us  aecended the steps. Captain Mad-  dock merely glanced in the hall  and turned back.  I knew I could not be mistaken."  he said.  When we re-entered the mess-  room, he said. "When did you  take that man on."?"  I told him, and he proceeded :  " Well, Captain, that man is a  deserter from the United * States  army. I knew him five vears ago  on the plains, and I could not forget his notes if I tried. He carried us through one of the hottest,  dry est marches a regiment ever &aw%  but so long as he played the men  were satisfied. Then I knew him  later in Fort Riley. There the  trouble     occurred.     The    Major's  daughter-  T  ,  won't name   her���fell  madly in love with the fellow on  account of his playing, and���his  other  attractions.      He    made no  out, and after his return from Santiago. The Captain, by the way,  is now a Major. St-i-j he, "Do you  remember your crack bugler, Jack  DeMesnil?"  I did.  "Well let me tell you something.  I was in Wheeler's division, as 3*011  know, and. we had a hot time at El  Caney. We fought all morning.  We fought up hill. We would fire,,  then receive a volley from the bill ;'���  then advance���where the books  said we couldn't. The men did it.  The men were all right, even though  the Government did neglect to send  them much of anything to eat.  Read what the foreign attaches  said. But our right was getting  frayed at the edges. We rested in  a little hollow wThere the Spaniards  threw in a cross-fire. It was hotter  than we liked, and the Colonel  thought of taking us back to the  woods for a rest.  "I was   in the   act of   delivering  I did.    Needless to say, I never delivered  the command to fall   back.  'Rise up I  Rise up!' sang the bugle,  and with  a   great   shout the   men  were on their feet.    'To the  right!'  The notes soared away a  piercing  call,  and we   cleared the   hollow  and   hugged   the  left slope   of the  ridge.    'Charge!'   and we charged,  abreast with   the���th,   and ri(_.0���  mad and  crazy with the   intoxication of the music which thrilled us  through and   through and  swelled  into a triumphant song as we broke  tirough a line of wire  fencing and  deployed  in   a   position   where we  could rake the summit of the  hill.  Then the bugle ceased.  "Wes took the summit before  night���-and held it. I went back  to look after the injured, and I  found, considerably in front of our  deploy line, lying face upward,  writh arms spread wide, one hand  grasping the bugle> Jack DeMesnil,  shot through the breast and dead.  A Red Cross nurse was bending  over the bod v. Do vou remember  the girl I told you about at Fort  Riley? Well, she joined the Red  Cross, and���there she was. No; I  could n't see her face very well at  first, and I don't think she cried.  " 'He's dead,' she said at last in  a hard, dry voice, looking up at  me.  " ' He carried us forward,'I said,  'when we would have fallen back.  Any "men���any bod}'���who heard  him play would have followed him  ���-anywhere.'  "Then she looked away very suddenly. The men gave him something extra in the way of a burial  service, the girl attending. It  didn't take long, and she went back  immediately to her work in the  hospital. If you doubt that some  women are angels, just get into the  hospital wTith a Cuba fever. I saw  her next day, and she told me she  had Jack's bugle, and asked if  there was any objection to her keeping it as a memento of���the battle."  Edward Bates.  break,   so far  as I knew,  except to j the order to  the company   officers.  play under her window at odd hours  for which he was warned. One  warning was enough; he saw how  matters stood and left the next. day.  They say he saw the girl before  leaving and offered to take her with  him; also that she cried in her  room for three days following.  The stor}' leaked out in the officers'  quarters, as such things will, but I  don't vouch for its truth. Technically  the man is nothing but a de-  when, over the ridge to the right,  we heard the popping of small  arms. It was all small arms, by  the way, for the artillery never did  get into line. Well, the popping  continued, and there over it all,  rose such a bugle call as the regiment had not heard in many a day.  It was the���th coming into action.  It was Jack DeMesnil blowing  variations on all the orders that  could take men to the  front.    The  3 ��.(  amshlD Tiekets.  SUTiG Qicaszfiamgj  iiuRGi<  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. 1\  Rv. agent or  G. S.  BEER,  C.   P.  R. Agent,  Nelson.  W    .   STITT, Gen    S.   S. Agt., Winnipeg.  96DT  J.  Land Surveyor,  ustoin House, Nelson, 8. C THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ^  >  A Daughter's Heroism.  In  the troubled  times  of   Scotland Sir John  Cochran   was   condemned to death by the king.    The  death warrant was on its way.   Sir  John   was     taking   leave   of    his  daughter at the door   of his prison.  "Farewall,   my��� darling   child.     I  must die tomorrow."    His daughter replied, "Oh, no, father, you must  not die!"    "But,"   said her   father,  "the king and ths law are   against  me, and the death warrant will   be  here tonight.   My dear child, do not  deceive  yourself.    I   must die   at  dawn."      His   daughter   answered  resolutely as she left him: "Father,  you shall not die.    Pray!    Pray to  God for your life!"  At dark on the moors of Scotland  a young knight stood hidden in a  thicket b3T the wayside, waiting for  the mail carrier bringing Sir John's  death warrant. The knight as the  postman came by suddenly sprang  at him, threw him and with superhuman strength wrenched the mail  pouch from the surprised man and  disappeared   with  it   in th��   darkr  ness.  Fourteen days were thus   gained  for the prisoner, during which time  his father  confessor   was   pleading  for his pardon, and before the two  weeks  expired   it   came   from   the  king.     The    door     of    his  prison  swung open,   and   Sir   John  went  forth   free.    All day   at home  he  was surrounded by rejoicing friends,  congratulating    him.      At     night  when he was alone the youth knight  appeared   at his  door   desiring admittance.    Sir John gave orders to  admit him  at   once.      The knight,  entering, said, "Here are two documents, Sir John; read and   destroy  them."    Sir   John read   them   and  grew white to the lips.    They  were  his death warrants!    Shivering, he  threw them   into the  fire.    "But,"  said he, "who is this brave   stranger that  has saved    my   life  at the  risk of his own?    Who  are   you?"  The knight threw off helmet, cloak  and jerkin, and, lo and behold, his  own daughter stood before the astonished Sir John. "Gracious heaven!"  he cried,   "my  child!    My   savior!  My own precious   daughter!"���Exchange.  Guaranteed Superior to  by Physicians;  COflPANY, L'td.  any Sweetened flilk on the  and Guaranteed by  JTarket.    Recommended  Cyclic  LAND  REGISTRY ACT.  In the matter of an. application for a duplicate of certificate of title to lot 1 (one),  block 10 (ten), town of Nelson, notice is hereby given that it is my intention at the expiration of one month from 'the���'first publication  hereof, to issue a duplicate ofthe certificate of  John Roper Hull to the above lands, dated  the 10th day of March,  189sand numbered  15,950a.  S. Y. WOOTTON,  Regi s trai'- G ene r al.  Land Registry Office,  Victoria, B��� C, 13th September, 1898.  w���--;;���onm,     "^^FfuitPtesems "  Preserves��) M  you get what are pui-e British Columbia" Are absolutely the  fruit and sugar, and your money is left at PUREST AND BEST.  home.  Telephone 93 For  ELSON   EXPRESS  J. J. Dervin, Mgr.  Stand   Opposite   Central   Fruit   Store  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D.S..  DENTIST  Mara Block,       ���'-..' Baker Street, Nelsoa  Special attention giren to crown and bridge  Tfork and the painless extraction of teeth by  ocal anesthetics.  GEO, L. LENNOX  BARRISTER and SOLICITOR  TEAS AND COFFEES:  Blue Ribbon, Salada and Upton's Teas.      Blue Ribbon Coffee.  ALL BRANDS AND BLENDS  LAW OFFICE :  Baker Street, Nelson  GOOD BATH .  SMOOTH SHAVE  AND  HAIRCUT  AS you uke; it, go  TO  THK  will you roast over a hot cooking stove during  j-'-*.    _-^_     this   warm' weather  when we can supply you  with a coal oil stove which will save  your  temper   as   well  as  your pocket?    You can do anything with them.  We have also a fine line of house furnishings on hand  Ivro doors east of the Post Office.  W. J. Morrison, Prop.  WANTED.  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  kelson Blacksmith Gq.  A.  PROSSEX,  BSanagcr. Lake St.,  Opp.C.urt Keuac.  NELSOH,  B. C  Patronize Home Industry  On Baker Street, rooms suitable for Photographic Studio.   Apply, with particulax-s,  to  Certificate of Improvements.  "Gold Island" mineral claim; situate in the  Nelson Mining Division of West Mootenay  District.  Where located:���Two miles east of Ymir.  Take notice that I, Walter Askew, Free Miner's Certificate No. 2,630 A, for myself, and  acting as agent for W. C. Forrester, Free Miner's Certificate No. 98,363, and Charles W.  Arnould, Free Miner's Certificate No; 2,629 A,  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, forthe purpose of obtaining  a crown grant ofthe above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.'  Dated this 27th day of September, 1898.  Walter Askew.  'Photo,'"' Economist Office.  CERTIFICATE OF   IMPROVEMENTS.  "Hillside" mineral claim, situate in the  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  Where located:���On the east side of Giveout  creek, and is the eastern extension of the  " Bodie" claim, on Toad Mountain.  Take notice that I, A. G. Gamble, Free Miner's  Certificate No. 13592 A, agent for Edward  James Bulm��r, Free Miner's Certificate No.  20639 A, intend, sixty days after date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must b�� commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1898.  A. G. Gamble, Agent.  To preserve the health the medical profession  are unanimous in declaring that Joy's Bread  is an essential. Enjoy good health, and use  Joy's Bread.  . R. SMITH  FROH YOUR GROCER.  umphreys  Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. ai.  Fresh Fruits and Candies.  Agonts for  Victoria Colonist  Seattle Times  S. F. Bulletin  S. F. Call  Nelson Economist.  elect Oy  In Bulk.  ste  'jje;  I  m ���  ������:#���  %i '���  i  -___��_, -,  ��� ������i     ��� ���   ������ ��������������������� iiiiiwii iiwii. ���������!������ ii ii-wTinronniiiwiri vn-iwf"c^-^mnfrr-w��- 1 -rw..'Tr*.J-W���wn-VJ *iavnBl"CTtf1 *WV. i��-JU��*tf'q."f WV.'IAIL VIVOSBTC  TWi ���'T'^W TO*  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  WOMEN WHO DIFFEK  d^STINCT TYPES IN   NEW YORK, CHICAGO  AND  WASHINGTON.  As They Are Seen oar Fifth Avenue, X*&feo  KhoM Drive and Connecticut Avenue.  %he Washington Girl Preferred by Men,  %ut the Others Outpoint HE��r��  The United  States boasts three beauty  promenades of special prominence.    These  are esplanades  along which   fashion  distorts  itself  in  remarkable  raiment  and  notably   on   Easter   Sunday.     They   are  placed in New York, Washington and Chicago and  are   named  Fifth avenue, Con��-  necticut avenue and Lake Shore drive.  Of  the  three  the  last  is   incompatibly  the  handsomest.     On  one side  curl  the blue  waters of  the   lake;   on   tho  other is the  bosky, wealth of Lincoln park, pale green  in the early spring.     On Lake Shore drive  the air is sharper  and  better.     Sweeping  over the miles of Lake Michigan it brings  a deeper  color to thin skinned cheeks.     It  adds quickness   to   gesture  and  silver to  laughter.     It is  good for women's  lungs.  It is good for the   lungs of   men who  line  "    the edges of the broad pathway.     It helps  to disarm   criticism.     In   looking at and  judging a pretty woman the best thing to  have is good humor.  The women who frequent  these display  grounds  are   markedly different  in type.  The New .York woman will be recognized  as a New York woman on State street.   A  Chicago woman is unable to hide her birth-  xnarks  upon   Broadway.     A   Washington  ���woman ought to bo known anywhere.     In  painting their'several portraits it is necessary to, use only a coarse brush.   They lend  -   themselves  readily  to delineation.     Each  of   the  three   cities   furnishes   individual  types  of  extreme   beauty.     Preference  is  largoly a matter of taste, which itself is a  matter of  education   and early surround- j  ings.      ' i  The New York woman is well built and  carries herself well. She is apt to be long  legged and has a long stride. She is taught  to hold her shoulders back and her chin  high. She looks straight ahead, and a gazq  that apparently takes in nothing takes in  everything. This has been bred in her by '  life in a crowded town���a town to whose I  crowd Chicago's crowds are mere hand- j  fuls. She is graceful, with a cultivated |  grace that smacks of Delsarte. Her hands i  are large and well formed, as are her feet. \  The latter are large because she does much '.  -walking. She is apt to be narrow hipped ;  and flat chested. She is big boned, and. j  if spare of flesh, tho bones are prominent.  Her lower limbs are thin, but the bicycle !  has done much for them. For three gen- '  ��rations and more her waist has been too  much pinched. She is apt to be blond or  an approach to blond.  One of the rarest things in Now York is  a genuine, native born brunette.    By gen  uine brunette I mean the  clear olive skin  which shows the dusky red of tho cheeks,  the long  lashed, dark  eyes of   shine  and  the  masses   of   raven   hair.     That   is tho  healthy brunette���surely one of   tho most  beautiful of women.   Tho New York woman  has a  good  complexion  and, almost  without exception, sound and   brilliantly  white teeth.   Her mouth is largo, and good  teeth are a  necessity.     Her eyebrows  are  thin, but distinctly penciled, and her nose  tends to tho aquiline   typo.     As a general  thing the lips are thin and tho ears small.  She is not a woman   in whom the   animal  masters the mental.     Her manners, when  she wishes thorn to be, are  perfection���refined, gentle, cordial, frank   and   modest.  The female aristocrat of  New York���and  only aristocrats frequent  Fifth  avenue at  Easter���is high bred.     Her  behavior with  the other sex shows it.    There is nothing  of the don't touch me reserve of the awkwardly bashful woman and  no invitation  to undue freedom.     She  is  of  the world,  liking  male  companionship  and   unconsciously enforcing male respect.  The woman of Chicago is western. Sh$  could not hide it if she wished to. She ib  /stronger than her New York sister���better j  built. She has more muscle. She is not j  so tall, but is broader. Her forehead is  not so high, but she measures more between the eyes. She is not so handsome a  woman, but is more attractive.     Her face  is apt to be irregulai-. The nose is fre=  quently retrousse. The lips, if not thick,  are full. As Chicago is a new city, and a  composite city, she is a new and composite  product. She is of all types���short, long,  blond, brunette and brune.  One of the handsomest women in Chicago ,is of the pure Saxon kind���flaxen  locks, creamy skin and light blue eyes.  Another is of Peruvian darkness. There  is much red hair in Chicago. She is an  open air woman. She is assertive and self  reliant. She is distinctly of the kind of  whom you hear it said, "She is able to  take care of herself." There is a good deal  of the "new woman" in the Chicago woman. Frequently she is in business. She  runs to short skirts and common sense  shoes. She rows, fences and wheels. For  all that she wears her Easter clothes like  a woman, and when she surrenders her  freedom makos a good mother. In the  east tho large family is the exception; in  Chicago it is the rule. Every local woman  seems to think herself entitled to the three  children set aside for her by Ella Wheeler  Wilcox.  The  Washington  girl���all  Washington  women are girls until they grow old���is a  compromise between the type of the north  and the type of the south.    She is of  the  woman womanly.     She has peculiar deli-  cateness of face and figure.     The bosom is  full and the hips beautifully rounded, yet  the form is" slender.     Hands and  feet are  small.     The height is oftener under 5 feet  5 than   over   it.     The  eyes  are apt to be  hazel or dark and  are  always bright  and  tender.   The eyebrows are somewhat heavy  and  strongly marked, and the  lashes are  long.   The complexion is singularly clear.  The face  has  great regularity of  featuro  and the average of beauty is high.    Washington   and   New   Orleans   are  the  only  American cities in which one may see the  women walk with Spanish grace.   On this  account Connecticut avenue, when Easter  bonnets cluster, is strangely pleasing.   The  Washington  girl   is apt  to know politics.  She is thoroughly devoted to society.    She  dresses as well  as the   New York women,  with   more of  southern   lightness  to her  clothing.    If we could have a show���as we  have a horse show-���in which women could  be competently  judged   point   by point, I  do   not   think   that  the Washington   girl  would class so high as the New York woman or  the Chicago woman, but   I   believe  that most men would prefer her.���Chicago  Times-Herald.  on. A single negro may sometimes be  seen carrying off a string of staggering  monkeys. Fresh doses of beer in decreasing quantities are administered to  the captives, so that they may only  gradually awaken to the sad results of  their spree.���Lippincott's.  Belgian and Gorman Farming*.  In Belgium a two acre holding is  sufficient to maintain a farmer and his  family. The typical two acre farm in  that country contains a patch of wheat  or rye and another of barley. Another  fair portion grows potatoes. A row of  cabbage grows all round on the sloping  sides of the ditches, with a row of onions just inside, leaving bare walking  room between them and the grain. The  shade trees round the house are pear  trees. Every foot of land is-made to  produce, and the farmer keeps pigs and  chickens.  In Germany, out of 5,276,000 farms,  1,223,000, or 23 per cent of the whole,  are each under 2% acres* in extent, and  of the farms above 56 per cent are cultivated by the owner himself, over 28  per cent partly so, or about 85 per cent  altogether, leaving 15 per cent out of  every 100 per cent that are let to tenants. In Germany, notwithstanding  this email sfze of a large proportion of  the farms, 178 out of every 1,000 inhabitants are nevertheless engaged in agriculture, whereas in England no more  than 52 are thus occupied, in Scotland  only 61, though 195 per 1,000 in Ireland being thus engaged raises the proportion in the whole United Kingdom  to 73 out of that number, less than  half, however, the percentage so employed in Germany.  of marriage in my life, and if it is of  any interest to the court I don't" mind  saying that I have worn false hair for  nearly 80 years.  Counsel���Hem! That is all, madam.  There is no use trying to shake the direct testimony of so truthful a woman  68 you are.���London Tit-Bits.  Trials of Ignorance.  Casey���I called one av thim Johnnies  a liar, an he says to me, says he, "Tu  quoque. " Now, what might that mean?  Dooley���It means, "You're another."  Casey���Fwat! An I let 'urn get away  widout hittin 'urn 1 Ah, that is what a  man gits for havin no education.���Vanity .Fair.  **���  Going Shopping.  "Harry," said Mrs Tredway to her  husband at the' breakfast table, "I am  quite out of money, and I want to spend  tlxe day shopping. Let me have 60 cents "  "What do you want 60 cents for?"  "Ten cents for car fare and 50 cents for  luncheon."���Harper's Bazar.  Animal Drunkards.  Most of the higher animals���as monkeys, elephants, bears, horses and dogs  ���have a natural fondness for fermented  liquors, and suffer from the abuse of  these liquors as men do; From the book  of Maccabees it is evident that war elephants were maddened of old with new  wine, as thev have been and are with  arrack down to the present .time. Managers of menageries and employees at  the various zoological gardens know  ''."<.t the elephants under their care are  prepared to go on a wild drunk whenever opportunity offers. Whisky is officially given them when they are ill or  low���the quantity varying from five to  ten gallons, according to the requirements of the case. This is put into their  drinking water. Bears and monkeys  drink beer like German students, and  love whisky equally well.  In Africa the natives make use of this  evil trait to capture their poor relations.  The monkeys there are extremely fond  of a beer brewed by the natives. So  the latter place quantities of the liquor  within easy reach of the monkeys and  wait until their victims are thoroughly  befuddled. In this state they are unable  to recognize the difference between negro and ape. When the negro takes the  hand of one of them to lead him off, a  second  monkey takes   the hand  of  the  In the House of Commons.  Members are not allowed to refer to  each other by name in debate. The only  member who is properly addressed by  name is the chairman who presides over  the deliberations of the house in committee; On a member rising to speak in  committee he begins with ' * Mr. Low-  ther,'' and not with "Mr. Chairman,"  as at public meetings. When the speaker's in the chair, the formula is "Mr.  Speaker, sir."  In debate a member is distinguished  by the  office   he   holds, as  "the  right ; sleepinge; he told me that then his way  Costly.   "  'Yes, 1*11 admit that I thought my  wife was an angel before I married  her."  "And what do you think now?"  "Well, she's still ah angel, but  hey  feathers come high. "���Chicago News.  A Quaint Picture of Harvey.  "He (William Harvey) was not tall,  but of the lowest stature, round faced,  qlivaster complexion; little eie, round,  very black, full of spirit; his haire was  black as a raven, but quite white 20  yeares before he dyed. I have heard him  say, that after his booke of the Circulation of the Blood came-out, that he fell  mightily in his practize-, and that 'twas  beleeved by the vulgar that "he was  crack-brained; and all the physitiaus  were against his opinion, and anvyed  him ; many wrote against him. With  much adoe at last, in about 20 or 30  yeares time, it was received in all the  Universities in the world; and, as Mr.  Hobbes sayes in his book 'De Corpore,'  he is the only man, perhaps, that ever  lived to see his owne doctrine established in his lifetime.  "He was much and often troubled  with the gowte, and his way of cure  was thus; he would then sitt with his  legges bare, if it were frost, on the leads  of Cockaine house, putt them into a  payle of water, till he was almost dead  with cold, and betake himselfe to his  stove, and so 'twas gonne. He was hott-  headed, and his thoughts working  would   many   times   keepe   him   from  honorable gentleman the chancellor of  the exchequer, "or by the constituency  he represents, as "the honorable gentleman the m ember for York." S ome  make use of the terms "My honorable  friend'' or*'My right honorable friend.''  In case of family relations the same  form is usually observed. Occasionally  "My honorable relative" or "My right  honorable relative" is heard, but "My  right honorable father" or "My right  honorable brother,'' though no doubt  allowable, has not been hitherto used.  ���-Nineteenth Century.  was to rise out of his bed and walke  about his chamber in his shirt till he  was pretty coole, i. o.T till he began to  have a horror, and then returne to bed7  and sleepe very comfortably."���Aubrey's "Lives. "  Move's Sweet Work.  A London paper tells this  story of Professor Herkomer: "His aged  father, who lived with him in his splendid home at Bushhey, used to model  clay in his early lifa He has recently  taken to it again, but his fear is that  soon his hands will lose their skill and  his work will show the marks of imperfection. It is his one sorrow. At  night he goes to his earjy rest, and  when he has gone his talented son goes  first, a third that of  the second, and so  The Original Siamese Twins.  The sleepy village of Biddenden, not  far from Tenterden, celebrates yearly  the memory of the two maids of that  ancient hamlet who were the original  precursors of the Siamese twins. In life  they were joined together by a mysterious cord of flesh, and they died on the  same day, leaving their property to be  touching ! distributed among the poor of the parish and among all who care to apply  for a dole of bread and cheese on Easter  day. This benefaction has been in existence for six or seven centuries, and at  present its -value is about $200 a year.  Formerly the doles consisted of bread  and chees�� and ale, but the latter produced so much, hilarity in the village  that it was abolished, and the charity is  now limited to the two first mentioned  nutritive articles.    The   bread  is made  to his studio, takes up his father's feeble  attempts and makes the work as beauti- j up in the form of cakes, bearing a rude  ful  as art can make it.    When   the old ; representation  of   the  twin   maids  of  man comes  down   in   the  morning, he  takes the work and looks at it and nibs  his  hands and  says, 'Ha, I can  do  well rs I ever did.  > ����  She Paralyzed 'Em.  Counsel���-What is your age, madam?  Witness���Forty-seven, sir.  Counsel���Married or single?  Witness���Single.  Inever had an offer  Biddenden, and are generally preserved  as curiosities by the recipients. They  are baked very hard and are admirably  adapted to give work to dentists by  breaking the molars of those who attempt to penetrate their mysteries. The  poor of the parish as distinguished from  necessitous strangers are supplied with  ordinary quartern loaves and cheese. ���  London TelegraDh.  r*"iiii"��if  fc**5,r I    . ���_ mm THK NBX^ON ECONOMIST.  IT  tn  Vobogganing In  17OS.  It is interesting to note in Smollett's  'Travels Through France and Italy"  that whsn the novelist was making an  ��� u:sion" in March, 1765, from Nice  across the Maritime Alps to Turin he  . descended the Piedmontese slope of the  Col di Tenda toward Cuneo on a toboggan.  "Having reached the top of the mountain, "'he tells us in letter,38, "we  prepared for descending on the other  side by the lezo, which is an occasional  . sledge made of two pieces of wood, carried up by the coulants (local guides)  for the purpose. I did not much relish  this kind of carriage, especially as the  mountain was very steep and covered  with such a thick fog that we could  hardly see two.or three yards before us.  Nevertheless our guides were so confident and my companion, who had passed the same way on other occasions, so  secure that I ventured to place myself  -on this machine, one of the coulants  standing behind me arfd the other sitting before me as the conductor, with  his   feet  paddling    in    the   snow,   in  . order to moderate the velocity of its  descent. Thus accommodated, we descended the mountain with such rapidity that in an hour we reached Limon.  Here we waited two full hours for the  mules which traveled with the servants  by the common road.''  This is simply tobogganing used as a  -practical means of   transit for travelers  ill"the Alps.���Chambers' Journal.  sharply for the water cask, which he  discovered had not been placed in the  boat;  "What do you fellows do for drinkT  ing water when you are called away  from the ship?' * he asked the cockswain  with some asperity.  "Sure, sir," replied that worthy,  "we generally dip over the side."  Gridley had nothing more to say, but  the joke has been in circulation ever  since.���Pittsburg Dispatch.  Battleship and Cruiser.  The difference  between  a  battleship  and an armored cruiser is technical, and  experts have stumbled over the matter.  A battleship is supposed to have heavier  guns and armor and to  be   better fitted  to withstand hard   knocks  from an opposing force.    But this does not always  hold good, as may be seen in the case of  the Maine as compared with the Brooklyn.    The   Maine was a battleship, but  she was not so large nor so heavily armored as the armored cruiser Brooklyn.  On one point there   seems  to be no dis  pute,   and   that   is   the   fact    that  the  cruisers are faster  than the battleships,  and it is  conceded also that in most instances  the   battJeshius  are better protected.  Given as a Medicine.  A rebuke emphasized by a kindness is  apt to be remembered. One day an officer walked into the office of one of the  Well known business men of the west.  1 "What do  you want here?"   he said  !to the officer.  "I've corne to attach the wages of  one of iyour"men for a debt."  "Who is the man?"  The officer named him, and he was  at once summoned to his employer's  office.  "How-long have you been in debt?"  was the first question asked.  "Been behindhand for 20 years. I  can't seem to catch np, " said the man.  "But you have a good salary-. "  "I know it, but I can't get out of  debt."  "You must get out, or you must leave  here.  How much do you owe?"  The whole was not much less than  $l,000y but the employer immediately  wrote his check for the amount, and  Said, as he handed it to the man:  "This will pay all your bills. If I  hear of your running in debt again,  you'll have to go. "  It was what the doctors call "heroio  treatment," and it not only astonished  the man, but "revolutionized" him. He  settled with his creditors, and then, by  carefulness, kept out of debt.  Better than a genius for making money is the habit of paying as you go.���  Youth's Companion.  Sailing; on Fresh Water.  A Pittsburger who at one time served an enlistment on the -United States  steamship Michigan, a vessel of the  United States navy which is stationed  on the -great lakes, tells a story of  Charles V. Gridley, captain of the flagship Olympia, which led the fighting  at Manilla.  Young Gridley, shortly after graduation at the Naval academy, was ordered  to the Michigan for duty. A few days  After he had reported the commander  ordered the usual boat drill, and the  crew went through the process of abandoning the ship! When the cutter of  which Gridley was in Gommand had  gone a mile or two away from the vessel, the  young  officer, who had  never  A  Weak   Brother.  Penn had a very strong aversion to  tobacco. Once he came unexpectedly  upon some of the Friends who were enjoying the fragrant weed, but out of  respect for their great leader they hid  their pipes, which, however, still continued to emit smoke. Perceiving this,  the governor said pleasantly, "Well,  friends, 1 am glad to see that you are at  last ashamed of your old practice."  "Not entirely so,'' replied one of the  brethren,- "but we preferred laying  down our pipes to the danger of offending a Weaker brother. "���London Tit-  Bits.  A Change of Opinion.  "There's a good deal of human nature  in a puppy, " remarked the philosopher,  calmly watching Fido tearing his best  hat to pieces. " Almost as destructive as  one of my little nephews. "  Mrs. Bouncer-���Why, professor, don't  you see he's got your hat 1  The Professor���-Thunder, so he has! I  thought it was one of the boarders' hats.  Take that, you whelp!���-Boston Transcript.  Duffy and His Poems.  Sir Charles Gavan Duffy relates that  he once had put into his hands by a  hostess a volume containing some of his  own poems and was asked for his opinion of them.  '' Dreadful drivel,'' replied the modest  Sir Charles.  His kostess flushed. "I don't mind  your laughing at me," she said, "but  pray don't laugh at verses which came  to me from the very heart of my husband when we first knew each other  and which I will treasure to my dying  day.''    Rejected "With Thanks.  Strong Minded Woman (pointing >4o  article in paper)���Sir, did you write  that?  Terror Stricken Editor ��� Y-y-ye^  madam.    I���I wrote it.  Strong Minded Woman���It meets my  approval exactly. It is seldom one meets  a person of your sex capable of such jusfc  discrimination.    Will  you  marry  me^  A Difference.  Effie��� Uncle John, are you an author-  t$y upon the language of flowers?  Uncle John���What do you mean���th��  language employed  by the woman who          Receives ihem or by the poor devil who  before  saiied��oni fresh waterT inquired I h&a to PaFthe WU?���Boston Transcript  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .    BRANCHES AT    .  ROSSLAND TRAIL NELSON  ^ SANDON THREE FORKS  KASLO^  SLOCAN CITY  est Kootenay Butcher Go  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL  DEALERS  IN ^  FRESH AND. SALT MEATS.        ;j  Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest, prices. $  Mail orders receive careful attention. . *  Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats..and supplies ��  kept in stock. -M  E. C TRAYES, Manager.     J  \ATf^ want   to  .enlighten   otir  little   world   about   us in  regard   to   Walt Paper. Buying.        We  want you to know that right here  you will find the Choicest, Cheapest  and Cheeriest patterns. .: Buy nowhere till you have looked about  you enough to see what we are  showing. We don't want you to  buy from only examining our stock  but we want you to see other stocks  and know the superiority of    .     *      .  I Co.,   L^td  Corner Baker and Stanley Sts*, Nelson.  iwn, "MyLady's,.." Krerno Floating  Madam .Roy's Complexion, ..etc-  We have just received a large shipment and are selling them at  bargain prices.    Call and see them at  E'S DRUG  Opposite Queen's Hotel  Brokers and Manufacturers'Agents.  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Go's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON, B. C. P. 0> Box 498.  t  f  if  I*  ri  ��>>"-$  %&&��  rate  -���VSt'JJ"  BWJIMmwmtllWawWin^^  MWMTOflMiUMJ��iMBfflH^^  )jm,��ij\iiu']iiwafflium^awujj<gj;uaji.nut  p i't-u. Jf  12  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  Liquors  Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Goods  Boots and Shoes  Tents \  Cigarettes  Cement  Rugs  Curtains  Flour and Feed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  Fire Clay-  Teas  Etc.  Y B  Victoria, B. C,    Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  $sSS��J  vgw BgararxaMcgic^a.y.ragasasjgiajscjgsEM iMji.tms* mama  ������, ...���. ���^m^-^.-���,��� L ~_^.���. .-_-. ��IO,���  �������*"������ "������l ���"nmm.rttrivrarrinawriTtrffl  f   THE    CELE  IM  t^m  mm*  v;^^^^s-s@ir^j 5SSS  49:  ���r-n".^  Ll,  o  5  i  |l  *  Z.J*d  a  ;  CD  ^^tw.^^jj fUTf^ ��� |  We do not  from a sing 1  ���an   satisfy  stock.  guarantee to satisfy every taste  e box of cigars, but ive ere sure we  evcrv   taste   for    eiirar?   from  our  W. A.   Thurman  Sooplifting1.  Nothing has done so much to encourage stealing (shoplifting) as the modern  department   stores   and   their methods.  The problem.presented is a dilScu.lt one  with  which   to  deal,  but   while   merchants   have   a   right   to   display their  goods the   public   also  has   rights   and  duties in the matter. 'If a banker dumps  his cash on tables outside his desk railings and lets people   handle   it at will,  he would not get much sympathy when'  he complained that  it   had been stolen,  and if he continued the practice because  these  losses were  more   than   offset by  the increased profits which   the display  resulted in, as is   the   case with the department stores, there would  be much  justice in the claim that he had no right  to make   profits   by any method which  tended to debauch the public.  In short,  it may fairly be maintained  that it is a  ������ prime duty of every citizen   to exercise  reasonable diligence in safeguarding his  own property, and that   if   he.neglects  this he becomes in   a measure a menace  to society.-���International Magazine.  The JDome of St. Paul's.  We do not   believe there is' any truth  in. the alarming   rumor   that   there   is  some uneasiness  in   expert   quarters in  regard   to   the stability of   the dome of  St. Paul's.     We imagine that   the only  .! substratum of fact is this:    It is known  : that a huge   iron chain is imbedded   in  : the stonework of the drum of the dome.  ! An eminent architect, some   time since  ; amused himself   by describing the consequences which'might ensue if the water were to reach this chain.    There   is  no reason, to suppose that such   a thing  has occurred or is   likely to   occur, and  the newly appointed surveyors, Messrs.  Somers Clarke and J. T. Middlethwaite,  j are fully   alive   to   the   desirability  of  | finding and examining  the chain.    The  | first difficulty appears to be that its ex-  I act locality is somewhat uncertain.   The  ! second will   be to  get at   it   effectively  j when it is  discovered.���London Satur-  j day .Review.  Family Economy.  Uncle (to tho children, who have just  had a dose of cod liver oil all around)���  Well, do you like cod liver oil?  Children���Oh, no, but mamma gives  ^S 5 cents for every spoonful.  Uncle���And then do you buy something nice?  Children���No, mamma puts it into  the savings bank.  Uncle���And then you buy something  by and by?  Children���No, mamma buys more  cod liver oil with it i���Fliegende Blatter.  TOTAL  DAILY CAPACITY,  8,200  BBLS.  li and QMFS GLBIM,  G. M. Leispiman, Victoria, Agent for British Columbia.  8 LJ.  U&l  tm.  Temple Building, Victoria...   Metropolitan'Building, Vancouver,  70 Bassinghall St., London.  [  I  ��w  Commission Merchants. Forwarders and Warehousemen. Lumber  Merchants and Tug Boat Agents. Orders executed for every description of British and/Foreign Merchandise.   Charters effected.  Goods and Merchandise of every description Insured against loss by  Fire.   Marine risks covered. ' ,.  Life, Accident and Boiler Insurance in. the best offices. Klondike  Risks accepted.   Miners'Outfits Insured.  Loans and Mortgages .Negotiated. Estates Managed and Rents  Collected.   Debentures bought and sold.  FIN A NO! A L  L    -  DEALER   IN  f Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps and Gents'  Cheapest Place in the City  &      Mext Bank of Montreal, NELSO  Furnishings.  M&BBEfflBS^^^BfflfRSUffi&VMmi  ���"T=vJ4.l

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