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The Nelson Economist Oct 6, 1897

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 ���):  VOL.  I.  NELSON,  B. C.,  WEDNESDAY,   OCTOBER 6.  NO.   13.  THE NELS  EGONOniST  'Issued', every .Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  IX M. Carle v.....   Publisher  ." 'SUBSCRIPTION.. RATES: :*-  One Year to Canada and United States.. ;.. ..... .$2.00  If paid in advance:........'..  1.50  One Year to Great Britain.'. ���  2.50  If paid in advance. ..-... ................... 2 00  Remit  by^xpress,; Money  Order;   Draft,  P. O.  Order,   or  ltegistered.Letter.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectful! v  solicited.  Advertisements, of reputable character will he inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Onlv  articles o:i merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will he carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles. .  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  In last week's Economist we alluded to the  difficulty   existing with   regard to the staking  and holding of mineral claims by persons who  have no intention of developing same.       How  to get over the difficulty is the point which up  to date has puzzled legislators as well as practical mining men.       Professor   Carryle ofthe  miiieralogical department, has been struggling  with the problem, and as a remedy for the evil  proposes that one  assessment   at least be done  before a claim can be recorded.     This seems to  us to be going a little too far,    as it would certainly have the effect of killing a very important business���that of the practical prospector,  the man  who endures   all the   hardships and  privations of mountain climbing   and   pioneer  work.     Men who make prospecting a business  should rather be encouraged   than otherwise.  If they were compelled to do   assessment work  on all the claims   they stake   in   a   season   it  would be imposing upon   them an   impossible  task, and would put an insurmountable obstacle in the way of their selling claims.     No man  would purchase   a claim   which had not been  duly recorded   and the title to which was not  clear.       However,   even the professional prospector should not   be allowed   to hold on  to  ground   " dog in the manger"   fashion.       As  was    pointed   out    before,   it  is   nothing uncommon to find whole districts practically tied  up for years by a few men adopting the  transfer   system,   or re-recording in one another's  name.   It has been suggested to us, and we are  inclined to think the suggestion the most practical we have heard on the point, that the best  way to get over the difficulty would be to make  an extra charge, say of $i, for recording every   j  claim.       If the assessment work be duly per-   '  formed   within   the   time   prescribed   (twelve   \  months)   then another 3^ear's grace should be   j  allowed for further operations ; but should no-   j  thing be done on the claim, the fact should be  reported at least a fortnight before the expiration of the term, and the extra dollar paid for  recording might be applied to advertising the  fact that the recorder of the particular claim  had failed to do his assessment.. This publicity would give anybody an opportunity of  putting in fresh stakes, and would spoil the  pres;en;r?lrt^%ame of " You scratch me and I' 11'  scratch you." Such a system would also be  of service as showing.the districts ii which development work is being done, and would be  the. means of obviating much trouble and litigation consequent upon staking over another  man's ground.  . '' What's in a name ? "  At a recent meetius:  of the Academic   cles Sciences,    Paris,   MM.  Haller and Guy.ot presented a paper on   " Tet-  rameth)ddiamidodipheiiyidianthrancltetramet-  h3Tldiamide  Symetrique   de'oxauthranoi   Cor-  respondant."'    It is said to have been, a.very,  interesting communication, but as the   subject  is one somewhat new   to   us we withhold   an  expression of opinion  at   present.      However,  the columns of The Economist are open to a  brief discussion on Tetra-etc-etc.,   should any  of our readers feel disposed to.  ventilate   their  views on the science.  Criminal proceedings   have   been   instituted  against the Frankfort Zeitung,   for  criticising  the alleged erratic course of Emperor William.  In this country, where the liberty of the   press  is so well established, it seems hard to   understand how a newspaper opposed to the   extravagances ofthe powers that be, can be   run in  Germany.     Press censorship is only justifiable  under   extreme    circumstances..       What,, we  wonder, can our German   cousins   think   of a  certain   section    of   the    press of the   United  States?     "The Laud of Liberty " has a newspaper press which too often abuses  the liberty  accorded it, while in the realms ofthe emperor  it looks as if the other extreme were enforced.  "Uneasy lies the head  that  wears  a  crown."  William eiudently does not believe that  "The  pen is mightier than the sword."  "What one man has done another can do,"  is a wholesome axiom when honestly applied.  Unfortunately, however, it is not the acts of  man which are most worthy of emulation that  are always followed���the tendency is rather in  the other direction. This is particularly conspicuous in the annals of crime. When that  notorious unknown, Jack the Ripper, started  on his fiendish campaign of murder, he  shocked the world.      His plan of dealing with  his .victims-was original���he even selected a  particular class to which he confined his operations. Nor had he been long at his murderous work before other " rippers " made their  presence felt���wretches whose system so closely  resembled that :of the original Jack that for a  time ail the murders of this particular class  were attributed to one and the same person.  Even in our own fair Canada we, have had  noted criminals, such as Birchell. He seems  to have devoted his attention to the murder of  his fellow countiwmen, whom he induced to  cross the Atlantic on the assurance that they  could become laro-e land owners here for a  moderate sum. Butler, the Australian murderer, adopted somewhat similar tactics, the  only    difference   beinsc   that   in   his   case    the  inducement held out-was'a srold  mine   instead  ��� '   .   ���  of a farm.     Now news comes from the Skeena  river of the ��� murder of Isaac Jones,  a   prospector.     In connection with this crime, and  as a  further illustration   of  the   promptitude   with  which    our   laws   are   administered,    a   man  named Gordon, a partner ofthe   missing , one,  is in custody charged with the murder.     Gordon was arrested at   Hazelton,   where   he was  trying to sell his partner's outfit,   having   first  circulated the report that Jones   had   returned  by way of Ouesnelle.      When,   however,   the  missing  man   could   not   be    traced.   Gordon  alleged that he had been   drowned,   and   proceeded to sfive the details of the fatal accident.  The case is a particularly significant one   in  a  mining    county   such   as   this,   and   will   be  watched with interest by all who have friends  or relatives in the far north gold fields.       The  fear is, however,, that when the details   of this  murder are made public, it will give a   cue  to  other criminals upon which to act.  At this side of the border we are accustomed  to look with surprise, if not amazement, upon  the divorce laws as they exist in  many   ofthe  states of the union to the south of us.      Up to  a comparatively recent date there was   a   mistaken impression, in British Columbia at least,  that to obtain a divorce   it   was   necessary   to  have the case   heard   before   the   special   committee named for the purpose at Ottawa.   This  was so very  expensive   an undertaking,   that  divorce   suits   were   confined    to    the  mouied  classes.        Happily   such   cases have   been   of  very  rare   occurrence.       But   so   long   as   the  idea prevailed that a   divorce   could onlv   be  obtained   at Ottawa  there was   room   for the  growlers who will talk of " one law for the rich  and another for the  poor."       We   notice   that  there  is   a   divorce  case   on   the docket of the  Kamloops assizes which   opened  on   Monday. THE NELSON ECONOMIST  While it is to be regretted that such proceedings are sometimes unavoidable, it is well to  know that any supreme court judge of the  province has jurisdiction in these matters.  Almost eyery other  day   we   hear   of  some  .   new invention  in machinery   which   relegates  to a back seat yet another branch of the   sons  of toil.      Most of these   inventions   are   labor-  saving devices, but when  the   inventor   turns  his attention to the field of sport   and   recreation,   and   produces   a   machine   designed   to  accomplish the muscle work of this   particular  realm, it is excusable if  the   ordinar}-*   athlete  forms the impression that the usefulness of the  . patent office has ceased.      An ;. American,  one  Professor Hinton, is applying for a  patent   for  a/Taunch-ball."      His   invention is a species  of gun, fired from   the   shoulder   like   a rifle.  But the ball used is the cricket   ball,   and the  target the wickets.      The machine is designed,  to   accomplish   the    work    of   the.   every-da}'  bowler, and make a marksman of him.      The  intention, up to date, is to apply the invention  to the cricket field only;.-:    But  it  won't  stop  here.      Some   brain,   larger   and more   juicy .  than the professor's, will  "improve "   on   the  machine, and render obsolete that   prominent  figure of the baseball team-���the pitcher, while  at the same time doing   nothing   to   facilitate  the decisions of the umpire.    Then some other  genius will turn up with an automatic batting  machine.    But there���the possibilities are too  awfully awful to contemplate.  Once again the subject of a channel tunnel  to connect Ireland and Great Britain is being  discussed, and this time with greater prospects  of having the work accomplished. Since the  feasibility of such an undertaking has been  fully established, some halt dozen different  routes have been suggested varying between  27^ miles (sub-marine) to 14 miles in. length,  and from ,��16,000,000 to ,��6,500,000 in ccst.  The latest scheme, it is claimed, would not  exceed the latter amount. The route most  favored appears to be from Whitehead, in  county Antrim, to Pcrtpatrick���almost a.  direct line across the channel. What effect  the tunnel would have upon home rule we  cannot surmise, but anything calculated to  improve the condition of that " most distressful country," will always have our warmest  S3rinpatly.  The Kamloops Standard asks "Is the city  unwilling to stop gambling ?'' and calls attention to "the unblushing wa\' in which gambling is allowed to go on night after night,"  the " police even occasionally looking benignly j  on." We regret to hear that this source of |  evil is so conspicuous a feature in the life of  wdiat Hugh McCutcheon was wont to claim  as "the hub ofthe province," but are pleased  to learn, on the authority of our contemporary, that "the city authorities are not asleep."  Since, however, Kamloops has become a mining region, where men congregate, it must be  expected that cards will be more in evidence  than when ranching was the chief if not the  only industry of the district.   Complaint is also  made of ''the hollow sham of a barroom  closed at eleven and business going on as  usual behind it.'' There is room for a " kick''  on this point.  Thos. S. Nowell, a well-knowm Boston  mine operator, expresses the opinion that only  the inaccessibility of the region, its inhospitable winters and the utter lack of transportation facilities prevents the production of gold  in Alaska in quantities that would certainly  .imperil0, the' monetary standard of the civilized nations ofthe world, and so cheapen gold  that its worth and stability- as a universal  standard of commerce would be destroved. If  the " tons of gold "of which we hear so much,  continue to roll in from the Yukon the " precious "metal mayloose some of its charms  ���and value. '   rP  It is reported that a British s^uidicate has  secured the rights and property of the new  Panama Canal Co., organized with a capital  of 65,000,000 francs on the ruins of the Les-  seps' concern, also a renewal of the Columbia  grant for another term of seven vears. This  is good news, and we shallcanxiously look for  its confirmation. Already the French and  the Americans have had a trial at the canal,  but failure was the result in both cases. Now  that a wealthy British syndicate has taken the  matter in hand there is every reason to hope  that the undertaking will be successful. As  the Suez canal altered the geography of the  east, so will the Panama canal materially  change that of the west and prove as great s  commercial success. With a water passage  clear from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and the  great Siberian railway, now under construction, in operation, travelling facilities will be  such as to bring the people of. the wrorld  closer together, practically, than ever, and  will hasten the consummation of the epoch  when the English language will be the language of the world. To British Columbia the  Panama canal would be of inestimable commercial value.  Late in the season though it   be,   there   are  still hordes of misguided men   making  for the  Klond3;rke.       The   note   of warning has been  sounded over and over again,   but   apparently  without the desired effect.      Even   the tales of  danger and hardship told b}r   those   returning  from   this   Arctic   region   do    not   appear   to  lessen the gold   fever.       Burton   F.    Bennett,  U. S. district attorney at Alaska, writes :  " The world at large may not realize it, but  there are men up north who are walking right  into death. The snow is probably hying 011  White Pass and if not soon will be. Many  propose to winter at Skagway, but from what  I can learn hundreds do not propose to stop  there, nor will the}'- return to civilization. It  is the most damnable rush I ever heard or  read of. These men do not know anvthing of  the horrors of White Pass in the winter time,  yet they keep on, and just about the time that  winter is at its worst some of them will be  caught on White Pass. The}r will never  escape."  y the aborigines of this   continent.      Among  lovers of the weed there are those who   maintain that even to Mahomet and   Cbnfusius   its  fragrancy arid charms were   not   unknown   or  unappreciated.     However doubtful this assertion may be, there is one   thing   certain,   that  since the days Sir Walter Raleigh  smoked the  first   pipe   in   his   garden   seat   at   Youghal,  county Cork (and, 03^ the way, received a pail  of water over his portly person at the hands of  a frightened servant) the use   of tobacco   has  grown, not only among the English speaking  people of the world, but   wherever   man   is to  be found.    To the habitual smoker the   greatest deprivation is to take from him his pipe or  cigar.    So universal is the smoking habit that  even governments recognise it.      The weed is  supplied to the armies and navies of the   great  powers,    to   hospital   patients,    to    charitable  institutions and even to convicts.       Our   own  government in Canada fell into line in paying,  tribute   to   King   Smoke, and in   the   earlier  stages of their existence extablished   the  precedent of supplying convicts with tobacco..   Of  recent years, however, it has become apparent  that nicotine   is   playing   havoc with the nervous system, and this   fact   has   brought   into  prominence certain drugs and mysterious con-   .  coctions designed to wean inveterate   smokers  off the habit.   Last 3^ear, it will be remembered,  the question of cutting off the   supply   to   the  various penitentiaries  was discussed in parliament,  when   it   appeared   that the cost of the  luxury  in   these   institutions   for the   twelve  months was as follows :     Kingston,   $517,   or  93 cents per inmate per  aniium ;   St.   Vincent  de Paul, $498, or $1.25 per inmate :   Dorchester, $180, or 90 cents   per inmate ;   Manitoba,  $200, or $2.26 per inmate ; British   Columbia,  $113, or $1.17 per head.      Sir   Chas.   Tupper  explained    on   the   occasion   that   it   was  the  intention    of  the   Department   of   Justice   to  graduahy reduce the allowance and ultimately"  to dispense with the suppl3r altogether.      This  gradual reduction has produced   what   is   described as "tobacco riots,"   in St.   Vincent de  Paul penitentiar3v   The convicts there having  had there allowance   reduced or entirely   cut  off, have started a little rebellion on  their own  account,    and   are   causing   the  -penitentia^  officials no end of trouble.      Now   these   men  are not sent to the penitentiar}- for the benefit  of their health.      The3^   are there as convicted  criminals and depriving them of  tobacco   is a'  "capital" punishment.       It   is   to   be hoped  that the riots will not end in smoke.     Among  those in the penitentiary are 109 for   theft,   59  for shoplifting, 23 for stealing   from   the   person,  19 for burglan-, 17 for housebreaking, 17  receiving stolen goods, 14 for larceii3'-,    12   for  robber}-, and 8 for horsestealing.      And   these  are the gentr3'  who   strike   because   the3^   are  not supplied with the   wherewithal   to   smoke  the pipe of peace !  The pipe of peace has for ages been smoked  A pamphlet, emanating from Toronto, and  couched in vigorous language, is now going  the rounds, setting forth the injury to the  cornmunhy of the departmental store. These  "universal providers" had their origin in the  United  States,  we   believe,   and like   a good  ���j* 1 *!����� in      _��� ���   h   ������!���!.   11 iii ��� itttiw^wi����� v 1 _ wfirwq������ n^  5-s-T^a^^^ aaaasusBeoBsm  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  many  other  American   institutions,  they are  not congenial to   Canadian   soil.    Since their  introduction into the Queen   City;  they   have  been   the means   of closing   out   of   business  many  of the   old-established   houses,   which  were confined to one particular line   of goods,  or a natural   combination of wares.     The departmental store is the octopus   of trade.    To  its existence in Toronto can be traced two fires  ���immense   fires���of   incendiary    origin,   the  closing up of innumerable business houses, the  reduction of wages below the living, mark, the  increase in that unscrupulous class of bargain-  huntress,   and   incidentally a lowering   ofthe  moral tone.     Anything from   a   needle   to   an  anchor  can   be purchased  in   these establishments   at possibly   a    percentage   lower  than  elsewhere, because the profits are multifarious  if small, and  the salaries���save  the mark !-���-  paid to employes are far   below   the standard.  The good people of Toronto are  well  able   to  fight their own battles without our aid, but we  willingly accord it   and   throw in   our hearty  sympathy.     Even   up   here, in   the   wild and  woolly west, the pernicious effects of the system  there in vogue are felt.      The" mail   department"   of  these   " Jacks-of-all-trades,"   is an  injustice to the local merchant,   as   many   are  enticed by the temptingly   low   prices   quoted  in the well-illustrated catalogues of these concerns   to send   to   Toronto   for   goods  which  ought to be purchased at home.     It is too bad  that these departmental   tricksters can use the  postal service   of the   county for which   the  public pay, as messengers and   invoice   clerks  to enable them to thrive,   while   crushing   out  of existence   legitimate   business   men.      We  hope our   good   people   in    Nelson will   keep  their money in the city, and by so   doing help  to build up local trade and spare the infliction  of  a   hardship    upon   another  though   much  larger community.  v\  Almost   every  man,   and   woman  too,   has  some particular hobby, and the more they ride  it the greater cranks they become.     An enterprising   individual   at   El Campo,   Cal.,    who  went into the hobby   business   as   a   lucrative  speculation is now sued for   $25,000   damages  for injuries sustained by one Mrs. Clarke. The  plaintiff in the case, it appears,   undertook   to  ride   one   of the   defendant's hobbies���on   a  merry-go-round.        The    *' animal''     became  unmanageable, owing to some   collapse of the  internal machinery,   and threw   its   fair rider,  who sustained injuries which may   disable her  for life.       Moral���Never   ride   another man's  hobby.  ��E>  The Liberal party of British Columbia will  hold a convention at New Westminster tomorrow. The Liberal party of this province  is npw divided into two camps���those who got  offices and those who did not. It is scarcely  necessary to remark that the convention will  be composed of the men who failed to secure an  office, and it is more than likely they will not  let this occasion pass without impressing the  circumstance on Sir Wilfrid Laurier and his  colleagues. The patriotism of the Liberals is  a nice thing to view in the abstract,  but when  it is reduced to a practical proposition it is  found to be unworkable. This clamor for office  by the "patriots " is one of the most disgraceful exhibitions of political perfidy arid knavery  ever presented to the Canadian public. It is  ten to one that the convention at New Westminster will be a repetition of the famous fight  between the Kilkenny cats.  Latest   reports   from  New   Orleans   would  seem   to . indicate   that   that   dread   scourge,,  yellow fever, is spreading in that   part   ofthe  counruy, despite every   effort   on   the   part of  the sanitary and medical authorities.      People  fleeing in terror from the fever-stricken capital  have carried the disease into   other   cities and  towns, and by   so   doing   have   brought   into  prominence the most   exaggerated   features of  the   common   law of nature���se!f  protection.  We read of trains leaving New C    jans   being  refused a stopping   place   along   the   different  lines of railwa3^, lest a fever patient should   be  put off; of riots caused   in   various   neighbor-  h >ods when   it   was   proposed   to establish an  hospital near the homes of the rioters ; of workmen refusing to engage with their  fellow   laborer   because a fever case was known to   exist  in the particular district from which he hailed;  of members of families forsaking   their  homes  and deserting their own kith and kin.     But if  the scourge has brought out some of the worst  and most cowardly traits of Weak human ity it  has also   showm   up   true   heroism.       Several  medical  men   have   died   in the zealous    discharge of their duty among the afflicted.    The  death roll also   includes   the   names   of mai^  noble women who while nursing the  sick contracted the dread disease themselves,   and died  in harness.     The outbreak is attributed to bad  sanitary arrangements   and   an   impure water  supphv.     Let other cities take warning and at  once clean up.      There is hope that   with   the  approach of colder weather   the scourge will  abate.  The Chicago News says that Joaquin Miller  writes from Dawson Cit3^ that he was offered  $5 for an onion packed by him over the Chil-  coot Pass. Had Miller packed his grip with  onions instead of with pads and pencils, he  might by this time have been a millionaire  instead of having to blow on his fingers as he  writes stories from the Klond3'ke that are not  intended strictly for the family circle.  Tom Saunders, president of the B^ant Lumber and Shingle Co., Seattle, is a prevaricator  of which any American city might feel proud.  It appears that Tom took it into his head a few  weeks ago to visit the Kootena3^s, and like all  great travellers he related the results of his  peregrinations and investigations upon his return to Seattle. It is hardly necessa^ to sa3^  that a man who would describe the geograply  of the Kootena3^s in the loose-handed way that  Thomas did in the Seattle paper would grumble  about the water to be found here. In fact his  geography seems to have been surcharged with  the worst whiskey to be found in British Columbia.       It is not to be  wTondered at that he  found '' forty-five cases of typhoid fever and no  water fit to drink " in Nelson ;" but he clears  up matters very considerably when he adds:  '.' They don't even use water for a 'chaser,' but  just whiskey all the time to ward off disease."  As a matter of fact Nelson has been rernarkaWy-  free from disease of all kinds,, and Tom Saunders should have been permitted to recover  from his debauch before being interviewed-by  a reporter. Just as likely as not, however, the  reporter was drunk too.  The visit of Hon. J. H. Turner to Nelson,  once more demonstrates the, need of a Board  of Trade in, this cit3^. If such an organization  were in existence, many important matters  could have been discussed with the honorable  gentleman, and no doubt to the advantage; of  the city. The opinions ofa representative  body of business men always carry more weight  than the divided opinions of a half-dozen or so  individuals whose only object is often to car^  out their own designs. Mr. Turner is a business man himself, and would no doubt have  been pleased to meet a deputation composed of  representative business men from a business  organization, instead of gaining his knowledge  of our wants from individuals. Besides, it is.a  little too much to expect that his time should  be given wholly to the hundred and one persons who call upon him. In. the absence of  such a representative body as we speak of, it is  pleasing to note that Mr. Turner is making a  thorough investigation, and that he is creating  a most favorable impression is evidenced by  the man3^ expressions of good-will by leading  citizens towards himself and his government.  " The History of Nelson " is now before the  public, and we are in a position to  judge   the  men who made histo^ at the surprisingly low  figure of $25 per character, although some are  said to have got their " names in histo^ "   as  low as $5.     As yet no effort has been made to  have this great work used   as   a   text, book in  our common schools.    We do not wash to suggest   aii}7thiiig that  might  seem like   undue  haste, but we trust the matter will  be   looked  into at once.      It is essential that the children  of  Nelson,   and   the   world,   should   be thor-  oughfy conversant with   the   eariy   histo^ of  this   town   and due reverence instilled in their  3'outhful minds for   the   men   who, midst   the  greatest privations, strove to build up a   prosperous cit3^.      We   are   prone   to worship   the  great   characters  in   British   histor3r,  such   as  Shakespeare,     Milton,     B3rron,     Wellington,  Brock, etc., but we never   pause   to   think   of  the vast   sums   these   great   men   must    have  modestly and uncomplaining^   paid   to   have  their names inserted in histor3'.      Now,  let us  turn to the   men   in   this   history of our   own  town and times.      Let   us   do a little worship  right here in Nelson on our own account.  We  are    informed that   the    historians    are   well  pleased with the result of their venture.     Our  bookman    is   now   engaged   in    an   elaborate  review of this   grand   historical   work   which  will appear in a future issue.  Ml: THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  THE IDOL OF THE CAMP.  Written for The Economist.  Long before any of the now well known  mines of this camp were heard of, miners,  prospectors and adventurers generally had  pretty well covered the Kbotenays in search  of the precious metal which had made Cariboo  famous. Ver3^ man}^ who started out during  the earlier stages ofthe excitement, intending  to make some of the paying creeks then being  operated were forced from circumstances to  abandon the undertaking. Among the number was a hardy Cornish miner, Jim Brabazon.  What induced Jim to alter his course was the  fact that among his- outfit were a wife and a  twelveyear-old bo3?r, and unaccompanied by  this pair Jim would not venture on   any   long  trip.  The little party managed to   get   as   far   as  Yale, and from this point Jim   worked  round  in all directions and  with   fair   success.       He  ..ultimately found his wa3~ into   the   Kcotenaj'S  and before the city of Nelson   had  even   been'  dreamt of, Jim Brabazon,   his   wife   and   little  Charle3r, with some   half  dozen. Coruishmen,  camped on what   is   now   Vernon street.       A  beautiful camping ground it was.  As winter approached the little colony. discarded the canvass and put up a few shacks,  making themselves as comfortable as possible  under the circumstances. The Brabazon  domicile��� was made headquarters by all the men  It was a three-roomed concern, and in the  little front apartment--"thev would assemble at  night, and with cards and story telling manage to pass a pleasant time.  Little Charle3r Brabazon was the idol, ofthe  camp���for his   sake   any   man   in   the    party  would have almost sacrificed his life, and often *  would his mother declare " the bo3Ts will spoil  Charle3* ;" but she never meant it.  Mrs. Brabaz m was a great hand at fortune  tellins". She would shuffle those cards of. an  evening, have them duly "cut," and then,  .with all those mysterious' movements which  are the natural accompaniments of the credulous being who believes that there is a means  of uplifting the veil which hides the great  future from finite gaze, she would place, the  cards in relative positions, and speak of " the  dark man," who was soon to appear on the  scene, and " the fair woman," whose influence  for good or for evil would-speedily be apparent.  Then there was " the wish " which would be  satisfied ; " the letter " which was on its wav;  " riches " which were sure to be acquired, and  " the journey," sometimes over the sea, sometimes by land. This fortune telling possessed  a peculiar charm for the boys, and no doubt  often fortified them with hope under circumstances which would justify despondency.  Psychology wras not a well-established science in those davs. but whether there be anv-  thing in fortune telling, or whether the little  woman's presentiments were abnormally active,  one thing is certain���that that deck of cards,  as manipulated by Mrs. Brabazon, foretold  some wonderful things, among others the discover of the Kootenay Bonanza and the Silver  King.  All the boys, with the exception of Jim Bra  bazon, had implicit confidence in these forecasts : when the cards told a cheery tale there  was joy in the camp, but when trouble was  predicted gloom was apparent.  One night as all were seated in the little ren-  dezous (it was Jim Brabazon's turn, to have his  fortune told, and " for the fun ofthe thing"  he cut the pack), the cards proved peculiarly  prophetic, as the sequel will show. They told  of trouble as the result of an accident ; of a  journe3^ by water ; of sickness ; of a mysterious stranger to be introduced into camp, who  would at first be received as a dangerous enemy  but who was in reality a friend,���in fact there  was a general smell of powder if not brimstone  about the whole forecast.  Shortly after da3'break the following morning a canoe pulled up at about where now  stands the C. P. R. wharf. �� Two men stepped  ashore and made direct for'thecamp. Knocking at the door of Jack Wilson, the3~ had not  much trouble in rousing up the old miner, wmo  at once recognised in them friends, of many  years' standing������in fact they knew all hands  in camp, and were particular^ earnest in their  enquiries after little Charle3~. The visitors had  struck something which they considered 'very  rich, and were anxious to submit their samoles  to Jim Brabazon arid induce him, if possible, to  return with them and look over the ground.  It did not take many minutes to get together  all the men in the camp. The meeting, as a  matter of course, took place at Brabazon's, but  before the visitors would even produce their  samp'es of ore they declared.���the}'' should first  see little CharJe}*.  ���Mrs. B. explained that Charley was asleep,  and argued that it would be better for the men  to transact their'businessfirst, and that" by the  time she would have breakfast read}* the little  fellow-would be a. wake.' The argument prevailed, but while the meal was being prepared  one of the new arrivals, thinking to steal even  a glance at the sleeping child, stealthir}' approached the apartment   in which he lay'-���-but  THE DOOR WAS LOCKED.  .���When breakfast was about read3^ Charle3~  was duly on hand, and received so much kissing and fondling from the visitors that all the  other fellows became positively jealous.  As a result of the conference it was decided  that Jim Brabazon should return with his two  friends the next e\&y and look over the ground.  If he was satisfied with it he had the option of  taking an interest in the claim, while the other  members of the little camp would be given a  " straight tip " as to the prospects of the district.  As arranged, the canoe set out the following  morning with the three men aboard. The3' had  to go as far as where Ainsworth now stands.  But a couple of hours after their departure a  storm sprang up, and considerable anxiet3~was  felt as to their safet3*. Not for three da3'S after  was anything heard of the frail craft or her  crew, and then a messenger arrived with, the  sad tidings that the canoe had been upset when  near the journe3-'s end, that one of the occupants had been drowned, that Jim Brabazon  was then hung unconscious, and that fears were  entertained as to his recover.  This startling piece of news cast a gloom  over the little camp. The boat which brought  the news was, within an hour of her arrival,  once again heading up stream with two additional passengers on board (Mrs. Brabazon and  Jack Wilson) and all the spare blankets the  camp could afford. Charley was left behind  conditionally, -���he was to be allowed to remain  up every evening until he expressed a wish to  be put to bed, was then to be w^atched, over until he fell asleep, when the bedroom door was  to be locked until morning.  Willingly did the boys undertake to carry  out these little details, the importance of which  they did not at the;time realize. That night  Charley was duly put to bed, and so anxious  were the men as to the safety of their charge  that they took *'' watch " over him in turn  until well after midnight. But the last on  watch did not lock the bedroom door, though  he was particularly cautious to close the outer  one. Next morning the mien were. surprised  to find both doors wide open, and from  the appearance ofthe outer room it was evident that some one had been there during the  night. Yet one of them : had sat up in his  own cabin all the time and had.kept a close  watch on the Brabazon shack, and was prepared to swear that no person entered   it.  The following night Joe Clanc3T, having  left Charle3~ fast asleep, thought he heard some  mysterious noise in the house. He jumped  out of his bunk, and D3* the light of the moon  could clearly see a white'figure moving about  the Brabazon room. He vowed it was a ghost,  and seized writh fear ran to his next door  neighbor and made the startling announcement. All hands were called, but when they  reached the spot Xhey. found the deck of cards  which they had left on the table in Charle3*'s  bed. But Charle3'was asleep. How did the  cards get there ?..-..���  Again the following night the ghost was  seen b}r Ned Benyman. This time the supernatural figure was observed, to emerge from  the house and seat itself on a rustic chair in  front, which the boyshad made for Charle3*.  Ned hurried^* slipped into his pants, and  rushed into Joe Clanc}*'s for the rifie,. bitt by  the time he got out again the ghost had  disappeared. And. Charley was fast asleep as  usual, with a smile on his face which his fond  mother would interpret.as indicating a dream  of heaveu prompted b}- angelic influence.  Next morning a conference was held and  the five brave, but superstitious miners who  took part in it almost trembled as they discussed their ghostly subject. It was decided  that the haunted house should be carefully  watched over that night, and that every man  should be well armed. There were three rifles  in camp and a couple of six shooters. Should  the ghost appear every piece was to be levelled  at him. It was further agreed that when  Charle3r fell asleep he was to be carried to Joe  Clanc3r's cabin and laid on the bed, lest the'  ghost should be so unreasonable or indiscreet  as to make an appearance in the Brabazon  house.  The programme was duly carried out.   Two  ofthe men were stationed outside the Brabazon. THE NELSON ECONOMIST;  shack, while the others remained inside. A  cloud had just shrouded the moon and as it  passed by the ghost made its appearance. All  hands assembled arid deliberate aim was  taken, but before the word "fire'' was given,  Clancy volunteered to approach the white  object sayirig "If its" the ghost of poor Jim  Brabazon, boys, we won't fire." As he left  the gang he gave orders that should the  apparition approach they were not to shoot,  but should it attempt   to   evade  them   "then  ; fire."' - ;      '  '-':>','  For a moment or two the ghost paused as  if undecided which way to'. go. The next  move settled the fate of Charley Brabazon,  for it was no other than he. Charley was a som-  ' nambulist, and hence the importance of Mrs.  Brabazon's injunction to lock the door.  Clancy satisfied himself that Charley's bed was  empty, and then the movements of the ghost  were watched until he was seen to return to  bed again, and was duly recognized as the  idol of the camp.  That day Jim Brabazon and his wife  returned, but they heard nothing of the ghost  story for many a month afterwards, not even  from the ghost himself. C. Dell-Smith.  NELSON'S WATER SYSTEM.  Pipe laying was commenced on the local  water system on Friday last. When the contract is completed Nelson will have a service  worthy of the city. The reservoir, an earthen  one with clay puddle lining, is situated at the  corner of Robson and Park streets, at an elevation of 460 feet above Baker street, and has a  capacity of one million gallons. It is fully  forty feet above the highest point in the city-���  the head of Stanley street. In addition to  about 4,000 feet of old pipe now in use, 16,190  feet have been ordered, var}dng in size from 12  to 4 inches, the larger pipe being for the mains.  The distributing system, according to present  arrangements, will be as follows :���  Vernon street from Ward to Cedar ; Baker  street from Railway to Hendryx ; Victoria  street from Fall to Josephine .; Selica street from  Kootenay to Hendryx ; Carbonate street from  Kootenay to Hall ; Mill street from Stanley to  Josephine ; Latimer street from Stanley to Park;  Hoover street from Stanley to Ward ; Observatory street from Kootenay to Ward ; Stanley  street from Baker to Robson ; Josephine street  from Vernon to Latimer ; and Hall street from  Front to Vernon.  Connections, it is to hoped, will be made as  the work proceeds, so that the full benefits of  an adequate water supply may be enjoyed as  early as possible. As at present mapped out  the city is fairly well covered, but of course  extensions will have to be made from time to  time���as, for instance, through Robson street,  which has been built up since the plans were  originally made. When completed the system  will be ample for domestic as well as fire protection purposes, and no doubt a few hundred  gallons can be spared for street sprinkling  etc. City Engineer McCulloch has charge  ofthe work, and under his able supervision,  and in the hands of the present contractors,  there will be no room for dissatisfaction.  ROSSLAND  RECORDS.  (Special Correspondence of The Economist.)      .  .  There is great j oy in the camp j ust n ow, as  the prospects seem brighter than ever���the  C.P.R. mean to press forward the work of  railway construction so that as soon as possible  transportation facilities will be provided. There  will then be no excuse for the many developed  or partially developed mines in this district  remaining on the dead head list. As I pointed  out last week, we have but three shipping  mines up to date���-practically but one, as a  shipment of sixty or seventy tons per week  from properties capable of turning out this  amount of ore in a few hours, scarcely entitles  them to appear on the shipping list. The War  Eagle people have ceased to ship, assigning as  their reason that it will pay them to wait until  transport rates are reduced. It is generally  understood that a tacit understanding has been  arrived at between the C.P.P. (whose officials  have been frequent visitors to the camp of  recent date) and certain mine owners, that  provided a line of rail be run into Rossland  and smelter facilities provided at some convenient point along the route, two thousand  tons of ore daily can be secured. This proved  too big a thing for the big company to ignore,  and hence the decision to start construction  without delay. A telegram from J. B. Mc-  Arthur, president of the local board of trade,  attributes to vice-president Shaughnessy the  assertion that "C.P.R. interests in Kootenay  are infinitely greater than those of any one  else, and we must deal with them in a big  way." Surveyors are on the ground mapping  out the line, work on which will be commenced with as little delay as possible. There  is still some talk of making the Columbia &  Western a standard guage railway, but should  the C. P. R. build an independent road the  narrow gauge will be ample for the haulage  of ore to the Trail smelter.  Once again the rumor is afloat that the sale  of the Le Roi to an English syndicate is on  the tapis. Col. T. N. Peyton and Senator  Turner���and they ought to know���deny the  rumor. However, people will surmise, and  the fact that the two gentlemen named are  about to start for London, Eng., on business,  and that a couple of English experts have  recently examined the mine, is sufficient evidence, with some, that a deal is on. But how  these speculative folk manage to hit upon  exact details puzzles me. A Spokane correspondent, Rossland Miner, sa3^s that the price to  be paid is $3,500,000, (not $5,000,000 as was  heretofore announced as the necessary figure);  that the new company intends stocking for  $10,000,000 (four times the present capitalization) and that the output will be increased  considerably.  The city council are again in trouble. It  now appears that the sale of debentures is  illegal, and that, as matters stand, the cit3^ is  liable to pay twice the amount of the loan  obtained through the sale of bonds. This is  the opinion of Cit3r Solicitor MacNeill���who,  by the way, has handed in his resignation.  Under the present ordinance the city is bound   I  to pay the sinking fund semi-annually to the  purchasers of the debentures���the Guarantee  Trust & Loan Co., of Toronto.' Should the  company.fail; the municipality would lose all  the sinking fund previously paid and still be  liable for the amount of the bonds and the  unpaid interest. Not alone this, but the  council exceeded its powers in dealing with a  private conipai^���it can only invest its sinking fund in dominion, provincial or similar  bonds, or deposit in a chartered bank. The  guarantee company will charge the city one  half per cent, for handling the fund^ so that  virtually the municipality will pa}' about six  and one third per cent, on the loan. A nice  kettle of fish !  This all comes as a surprise to we poor,  confiding ratepayers. But we are becoming  accustomed to surprises���in fact the only thing  that would surprise us now would j)e to  hear ofthe city council doing something right.  The last thing sprung upon us is that the  proceedings at the recent court of revision  were wholly- illegal. The intention to hold  court was not advertised in the British Columbia Gazette for the prescribed time. Now  the whole thing will have to be done over  agaiu, and the advertising duly attended to.  There was not a quorum on the last night of  meeting, soqthat no business   was   transacted.  The volunteer fire laddies are still out on  Strike. They still maintain that they will  not do duty unless the council dispense w^th  the services of Assistant Chief Windsor, a  practical fireman, and appoint one of the volunteers in his stead. While the boys are not  available for service, they still participate in  all the advantages of the fire hall.  As I pointed out before a good many parents  object to send their children to school, assigning as their reason that the schools are overcrowded and that the sanitary arrangements  are not what they ought to be. But the  powers that be seem determined to enforce the  law, and have heroically selected two little  newsboys as the "terrible example." The  boys, after five days' imprisonment, gained  their liberty by giving an undertaking to  attend school regularly. It is alleged by the  police, that the little fellows are of an incorrigible crowd. If so, the fact of compelling  them to go to school will be no inducement to  parents to send their children, for certainly  lads of this class are not fit school mates for  boys and girls of tender years.  The dog poisoner is again getting in his  work. If he would devote his' attention to  some of the noisy, ravenous curs that roam at  large his efforts would be appreciated, but  when, -without any discrimination, he makes  a raid on the canine species, he goes farther  than is safe. Some very valuable dogs have  fallen victims to his poisoned meats. If the  fellow's identity ever becomes known he will  be " pounded "���not put in the pound you  know.  There is little or nothing doing in the building trade, and the number of houses and  offices seeking tenants is proof that Rossland  is over-built.  Barney.  MMMTOBMSiK^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  THE CITY COUNCIL.  Mayor Houston presided over the weekly  meeting ofthe city council on Monday evening ,last. Aldermen Teetzel, Dow, Malone  arid Hiilyer were present, as was also City  Engineer McColloch.  The Board bf Works reported in favor of  tiie'saw milLati the foot of Paul street, expressing the conviction that the structure would  not interfere with ��� navigation, "and- that it  would be advantageous to the city, as adding  another industry and giving employment to  many .hands.   ,  'The waterworks committee recommended  that the 'request ofl the contractors for the  building of the reservoir, etc., be complied  with, and their time extended to the 20th  inst.    This was agreed to.  The followung letter addressed to the mayor  was read from Mr. Joshua Davies, managing  director ofthe Nelson City Land Improvement  Co., and was marked read : ���  Sir :���Answering your letter of the, 28th  inst., I desire to say that I am pleased to  learn that there is "no disposition on the part  of the city to do otherwise than deal with  (me) you or (my) your company (than) 011 a  fair and equitable basis."... You certainly told  me, and so also did the aldermanic board  assembled, that "as soon as the area of land  required for reservoir purposes could be ascertained you (I) would be notified." I submit  that this has not been done, notwithstanding  that for weeks the wrork of construction of  dam, flume and reservoir has been proceeded  with, and these proceedings on your part I  object to. You have kindly referred me to  "Section 45 of Water Clauses Consolidation  Act, 1897," for justification ofthe council's  actions in the matter of your constructing  water works. In this connection I desire to  say that it is not nry intention to define, or  have a controversy as to the legal interpretation of'the Act named. My duty only lies  with its business aspect. The legal rights in  the premises had better be left to those learned  in the profession of the law.  I will however state how Section  45 of  Act  45, named by you, appears to me :  A municipality " may survey, set out and  ascertain such parts thereof as are required for  the purposes of such Water works, etc., ...  and may exercise powers of expropriation;"  but I cannot see where power is given to proceed with the work as you have done, and are  now doing. The council cannot have been  advised as to their powrers under Act 45. Nor  am I aware that they have proceeded as parts  II and III of Act 45 require. Perhaps  legally Act 45 may have to be taken as a  whole, and if so it would not be wise to rely  altogether upon section 45, outside of our  disagreeing as to its interpretation. j  Reciprocating your wish to prevent a j  recourse to law, or on my part in interfering j  with your proceeding with the water works j  construction, I would respectfully call your j  attention to Chapter 20, an "Act for consoli- |  dating in one Act certain provisions usually \  inserted in Acts authorizing the taking of \  lands for undertakings ofa public nature." j  The residents of Baker street petitioned for j  further sidewalk improvements ; also for a '���  crossing at the intersection of Stanley street, j  The petition was referred to the board of |  works. I  vS. F. Corcoran applied for  the   position   of !  chief of the  fire brigade,   and produced testimonials as to his fitness for the office.  It was decided to advertise for a fire chief.  A financial  statement   of the city's   affairs  was submitted, showing  receipts   to   be  $57,-  246.82.       The   disbursements   amounted   to  $27,420.74,. .leaving   a   bala,uc.e. to   credit^ of  $29,826.08.      T he, expenditure^ was.  niadeup  as follows :���Sidewalks, $3^758.55 ;.plank and  tools,    $222.01;      printing    and    stationery,  $786.42.; 'salaries.,* $2,080.67 ;' fire department,  $911.34 ;    streets,     $3,566.29.';  ' waterworks,  12,819.53; special   police,   $56/85 f''interest,  122.66 ; lock up, $2,296.58 ;   health,^$58.25 ;  dog tax, $25.95 ; legal "expenses, $262.50; jail,  $9.00 ; miscellaneous, $440:47.;  ,; .  Tenders for making connections with the  water mains were received from the Lawrence  Hardware Co.,. Spencer & Ball, and WP- C.  McLean &. Co. Each firm set- out<a price for  different $ sized ��� pipesj ^a'rid n as"P the; tenders  required-to be-.anal}7sed::to ascertain ��which is  lowest, the3^ were .referred to the. board of  works.. The average cost of making .connect  tion will be $10.. .. ,'xc,...-.'.  W. C. McLean &; Co. were ^awarded the  contract for the removal of rock from Silica  street, at $3 per yard, and their tender for  excavation and ditch work' was referred to the  board of works. :  The wrage sheet for the month amounted to  $582.50, which was -ordered to be paid. The  ma3-or's disbursements totalled $18.75, which  were also honored.  Bills amounting to $6,411 were presented.  The sum included a fewr big items for water  and sewer mains, pipes,  valves, etc.  A discussion'took place as to wdiether or not  water mains were being satisfactorily laid, and  a decision wras arrived.at that no back filling  be done without the sanction ofthe city.  On motion-of Aid Teetzel it was resolved  that $900 be placed in the Bank of Montreal  for the sinking fund to, redeem debentures  issued under Town BylawT. No. 1, and that  $1,250 be set apart for January interest on !  said debentures.  It was decided to rneet in future at 3 o'clock  every Monday afterno'm instead of 8- p. m.  The council adjourned until Wednesday  afternoon.  The Channe Mining Co., of Vancouver, are  doing extensive development work on the  Maple Leaf claim near.Fort Steele. . It is a  gold proposition.  While the gang on the lowest level of the  Canmore mine were engaged in blasting last  week, there was an explosion of gas which  badly burned six men.  There has been a big find of copper made  about 30 miles north of Banff. The lead is  reported to be several feet wide with large  stringers of copper ore intersecting it throughout.  It is the low grade ore that pays in the end.  The Anaconda mine, which is one of the  greatest and most profitable in the United  States, yielded for the last half year 4.64 per  cent copper, 16 ounces of silver and 0.014  ounces gold per ton of ore treated.  NELSON'S PROGRESS.  On every hand are to be seen  unmistakable  signs of Nelson's steady progress..     The number .and class of buildings put up  during the  ���past season,   as well as the work   now   under  way, bear practical testimony to the confidence  which the people have in their.,city,  and if the  corporation   could   only be induced to pay a  little attention to the streets,   it would further  enhance the comforts ofthe public and the appearance ofthe place.       No   city   in the Kootenay s can boast of buildings such  as those of  ' Nelson. _     livery new structure raised,  in the  business section at least, is more imposing than  its neighbor, more costly, and bears the stamp  of solidity.       On plans prepared by Architect  Ewart stone and brick buildings were put up  during the past season for A. L. Killop, costing  $7,000 ; for J. Elliott, $8,000 ; forjudge Forin,  $4,506 ;   and frame buildings with stone foum  datioris for Messrs. Hume & Kirkpatrick, costing $25,000���aii hotel ;   for Turner, Beeton &  Co., $6,000 ;  for the Broken Hill Mining Co.',  $7,000 ; for E. H. Applewhaite, $3,000 ; for S.  S. Taylor, $ 1,700 ;   for J. A. Turner,  $2,500 ;  and for C. Jizkowitz,   $375.       There   are,  besides, : a number of plans' in the office which  wall be issued at once.     Architect Hodgins had  a pressed brick building for J. A. Mara,   costing $13,500 ;   the provincial jail,   in course of  erection,   to   cost about $14,000 ; A. R.  Bur-  rowes' residence, $2,000 ; Mr. Brougham's residence, $2,000 ; additions to schoolhouse about  $2,0.00 ; PR.W. Day's  residence, $2,500.;' ad-  ..dition   to   Ro3ral   Hotel,   $3,000 ;   addition to  Phair Hotel, $2,800 ;  the new club house about  $3,500 ; the chyjail, $2,200 ;   superintendent's  residence at 1-he smelter, $2,000 ; three cottages  for J. H.   Bowes,   $1,400,  and   several   minor  buildings.    Architect Curtis has plans out for  the English Church,  which   is to be of stone.  It  will  cost  in the neighborheed   of  $3,000.  From his office also came the plans upon which  the soda water factor was built,  at   a  cost of  $1,500, and E. H. Applewhaite's residence and  that of J. R. E. Rowle3', each building costing  about $1,500. . Alread3' the foundation has been  laid for the West block, work on.which.will be  resumed  next   season.       A.   McDonald's big  grocery   store,   the Queen's  Hotel   and many  other   pretentious piles are   the result of this  year's work, while   not less  than a couple of  hundred small residences have been built durr  ing the same  period to accommodate   an ever  increasing population.      Architect Wickenden  has several   plans ready for. the builder,   and  from present indications there is every  reason  to believe that next season   will also be a busy  one in the building trade.       With good buildings and ample fire protection city   merchants  can secure   insurance   rates which will justify  them iii carrying   full   stocks,   and thus make  Nelson   more thaii ever the great distributing  point of the Kootenays.  Development work has been commenced on  the coal seams at Coal creek in the Crow's  Nest Pass. The coal is a true bituminous  coal of good coking quality and is also a first-  class steam coal.  m  JuS THE HBI30isT ECONOMIST.  7  LOCAL NEWS.  A local tailor describes pants obtained on  credit as being "breeches of trust."  H.R. Camerpn has been appointed official  liquidator of the Nelson Saw Mill Co., limited  liability. It is quite probable that he will  offer the property for sale.  To-night, in Carney Hall, AI. Stewart and  his company will give an entertainment, which  will be composed of songs, illustrated with  views, Mr. Stewart, who has a first-class  reputation as a descriptive vocalist, will be assisted by Miss Webb, a well-known songstress,  and other talent.  It has been definitely arranged that the football match, Kaslo vs. Nelson, under ^English  Rugby rules, will take place at Kaslo, on Saturday, the 23rd inst. There will be a practice  game on the baseball grounds next Saturday  afternoon, and all players in Nelson are cordially invited to participate. Considerable interest is being evinced in the match, not only  here, but also in Kaslo.  There are a number of Knights of Pythias  in Nelson, and a movement is now on foot to  establish a court here; With this object in  view a list of those desirous of organizing has  been placed at Mr. P. Russell's tobacco0 store  and is being liberally subscribed to. Nearly  all the other fraternal societies have lodges  in Nelson : the local Knights are determined  not to be behind in this particular.  The Ladies' Aid Society has arranged for a  musical and literary treat to be enjoyed in the  Presbyterian church on the  evenings   of the  nth and 12th insts.      They   have secured the  services  of the  Johnson-Srnily  combination.  Miss   Pauline Johnson   is   of Indian   descent,  and a composer and elocutionist of high order,  while Mr. Owen A. Smily is also described as  quite an original character.      The programme  is unique, comprising Indian legends, descriptive poems, character readings,   musical comedies, dramatic sketches, etc.  A branch of the Provincial Building and  Loan Association, of Toronto, was organized  on the 29th ult., at the office of R. W. Han-  nington, barrister, and a local board of directors for the city of Nelson named, with John A.  Turner as president; George Ritchie, vice-  president, and Messrs. W. H. Grant, J. H.  Wallace and Fred Irvine, directors. R. W.  Hannington will be solicitor for the Nelson  district, and Mr. S. S. Taylor local general  agent. This company intends to do a large  loaning business in Nelson. It has already  loaned over $50,000 in Kaslo and Rossland.  Work on the provincial jail is going on very  satisfactorily. Excavations for the building  commenced on the 4th of Sept. and yesterday  the masons left, having completed their job.  All the joists, etc., are up, the rear portion, in  which is located the cells, is roofed in and the  major portions of the concrete floors are laid.  The superstructure of the warden's house is  now under way, and Contractor Dinsdale  expects to have the whole building enclosed  within a couple of weeks so that carpenters  and other tradesmen  can   pursue  their   work  even if there be a change of weather. The job  is highly creditable���-fully in keeping with the  contractor's reputation.  LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL.  *The horticultural exhibition held at Salmon  Arm last week Was so successful that it will  become ah annual event in future.  A Donald man is said to be making arrangements to take a party of 100 persons to the  &londyke Via the Mackenzie river route early  in the spring.  The new electrical power and light building  at Revelstoke is fast approaching completion  and the telephone station is established. The  building is one of the best in the town.  The editor of the Silvertonian, arrested on  a charge of criminal libel preferred by Constable Hamilton, has been exonerated, and  Hamilton has been dismissed from the service.  The Victoria police have succeeded in capturing two young burglars who have been  operating in the capital for some time, and  securing stolen property aggregating over  $1,000.  The coroner's jury at Granite creek have  found that Mrs. Rabbitt shot James Hamilton  in self defence. Despite this fact Mrs. Rabbitt  has been committed to stand her trial for murder at the Kamloops assizes.  Four thousand men and 1400 horses are at  present emplo}red on the construction of the  Crow's Nest railway find will be kept at it all  winter. Mr. Haney is determined to have the  line finished to Kootenay Lake by July next.  Harry S3^monds, Q. C, representing J.'H.  Rothschild and other capitalists of London,  Eng., has submitted another smelter proposiL  tion to the city council of Vancouver. They  ask $1 per ton bonus on ore up to 65,000 tons,  offer to transfer $65,000 of stock to the city,  and take the bonus in lieu of tax exemption  and free water.  The Kamloops assizes opened on Monday  last before Mr. Justice McColL The docket  is as follows :���Reg. v Dillingham, uttering  forged documents; Reg. v. Ajachan, robbery,  two charges ; Reg. v. Nicely, escape from jail ;  Reg. v. Nicely, larceny ; Reg. v. Mrs Rabbitt,  murder; Reg. v. Basil & Bonney, assault,  causing grevious bodily harm ; Allison v.  Allison, divorce : Allison v. Allison & Gibson,  divorce ; Stewart v. Genelle, malicious prosecution ; Eues v. Genelle, do.  The Dominion government has decided to  advertise for carrying the British mails for the  winter months so that the Allan and Dominion lines' refusal to make their terminus at  a Canadian winter port will drive them off the  continent.  An awful prairie fire is reported from Winnipeg. At Beausejour, forty miles east of the  city, two women and five children were burned  to death, and it is feared the death roll will be  considerably augmented. Bagot, sevent3r miles  west, was practically wiped out of existence.  The destruction to property was very great.  MINING  NOTES.  The Ironside, at Greenwood, is working  steam drills.  In the Mother Lode at Deadwood a 156 foot  crosscut has been run into solid ore.  The Gold Crown, in which Hon. T. Mayne  Daly is interested is showing up imgy as well  as the Winnipeg and Stemwinder^  A group of claims on McCrea cre&k, Chris*  tina lake, belonging to a prospector named  Bismark, has been bonded for $14,006.  The Boundary Mines Co. has let a contract  forthe sinking of the winze on Oie Mother  Lode, in Deadwood camp, another 50 feet���  115 feet in all.  The steamer Portland, daily expected from  the Yukon, is said to have on board three  tons of Klondyke gold and nearly one hundred  disappointed treasure seekers.  Assays made at North port and Spokane   of  the alluminum latety found up McCrea  creek  gave $165 and.$185 respectively.    A company  is being organized to work the deposit.  The B. C, at Summitt camp, has been  bonded b}^* an English syndicate for $60,000.  This mine has 20 men at work and is taking  out shipping ore 25 feet under the surface.  The Hall Mines smelter, as a result of 33  days' operations, ending Sept. 30, treated  6,210 tons of "ore,yielding 522 tons of matte,  containing approximately 249 tons copper,  141, S60 ozs. silver and 98 ozs. gold.  Considerable development work is being  done on Castle mountain, Christina lake, and  some very fine samples of ore are produced  from that section. As soon as railway  facilities are provided the district promises to  be the busiest in the country.  The leading British journals are warning  their readers against being misled by New  York reports as to the fabulous riches of the  Yukon. The exaggerated reports are doubtless intended to induce British capital to invest  in some ofthe man3>- wild schemes floated in  New York and other American cities.  The Western Mining World predicts that  with the final extinction of the mining swindler the mining industry will enter upon a  career of expansion not witnessed since Solomon's temple was dug out of the mines of  Ophir. The dishonest broker must go, and  stand not upon the order of his going.  Gold in huge slabs that can be mined like  granite seems an impossible state of affairs,  yet were the conditions so that men could  delve far enough beneath the earth's surface,  such a thing would not only be possible but  practical, says a writer in the San Francisco  Mining Review, in an article dealing with >  the origin of placer gold.  Maxime Lepine, one of the most noted men  among the Metis of Manitoba and the Northwest, died suddenly at his home near Duck  Lake last week. Deceased was one of RiePs  councillors during the troubles of 1885, and  his appointment to a position in the Indian  department at Battleford some time ago  brought quite a storm on the Laurier Government.  BSMMI^^ 8  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  WOMAN'S; KING-DOM  "At what age should women  marry'?'', is a problem now '.underr  ofoino: vivisection in the columns of  the eastern press.  Notwithstanding the fact that  the question has been debated in  some of the most prominent newspapers in tjie fullest manner and  been discussed from, every, point of  view, a solution of it, in any definite  form, would seem to be as remote  now as it was before being propounded.  It is well, perhaps, to state at  once that this very important question is only supposed to .-apply to  women who are inhabitants of  countries within the temperate  zone. The conditions existing in  countries tying within the torrid  zone are so different that it would  not be possible to lay down any  fixed rule or line of argument  applicable to both. That much  should be borne in mind by those  who may still desire to give the  matter their consideration.  Among the various ��� opinions  offered on the subject is one that  womon should marry at whatever  age she has an opportunity to marry  with advantage to herself. Such a  rule cannot, however, be < seriously  considered, as it would involve  many and serious dangers fur the  women, the most serious of which  would be that they would be sought j  in marriage at too early an age.  Others are of the opinion that  danger is to be feared if a woman  marries before she is sufficiently  advanced in years to know her own  mind. Others, again, -maintain  that there is equally great danger1  in" delaying marriage until the  woman's tastes have, become so  "set," crystallized in fact, that she  will refuse to recognize any law  beyond' that of " lie* rown sweet  will." There would seem, then,  to. be no end to the difficulties which  bsset such a problem, and it is,  therefore, more than likely that  the unwritten law which has governed all things matrimonial   up tc  THE riARRIAGEABLE  AGE. . In this respect the woman is out  rageously handicapped.      She may  say to herself, "I would like to get  married," but she dare not go forth  in search of a husband, nor can she,  on seeing the man she would like to  be married to, say to him,  "I  want  to marry you."      Why she   should  not have that   privilege   has   neyer  been satisfactorily stated.   Trie only  thing that can be said  in   explanation of it is   that   it   is   one   of  the  inexorable laws of society that   she  shall not do so, the  leap-year myth  to  the   contrary   notwithstanding.  To that extent,   then,   the   man  has the advantage over the  woman  in that   he   himself can   determine  his marriageable age.     That,; however, does not answer the   question  " At what age should  he marry ?''  On this head only two things seem  to oe well-established.     One is that  a man nia}' marry   too   young,   the  other is that a man never is,   in his  own estimation, too old   to   many.  The consensus of medical oppinion  is that a nifii should not wed   until  he has reached the age of 25 years.  At that age it is suppcsed:���as the  argument in the case���that the man  has divested hirrself of his vealy  propensities, aud which', v ere cor -  stantl3* prompting him to fall in love  Vvith every pretty face he saw.  Strange to say, many great ge .fuses  have come within the vealy category, being among those who were  most eager to rush into matrimony,  3ven if they wrere the most eager to  rush out of it again. Byron was  an instance, Goethe was another,  although it may be said that in the  tatter's case he did not allow his  infatuation for the county parson's  daughter to cause him to rush headlong-into marriage with her.  These two problems can only be  disposed of'by saying that it is not  within the limit of finite comprehension to arbitrarily determine at  what age women or men should  marry. Each individual must  determine the matter for herself and  f r himself. If, subsequent tc  marriage, they should realize that  they had committed an error, either  the present day���that of allowing | in age or selection of partner, :t may  the individual woman to settle the I be asserted as an unquestionable  question for herself���will continue j fact that their mistakes will not pre-  to"exercise paramount sway to the \ vent others from committing- similar  end of the matrimonial chapter. j o^es. ' The marriageable age for  As a pendant to this question of! both women and men can onlv,  "At what age should women j therefore, be fixed within broad  marry?" is raised this other : " At! lines, so broad as to allow a generous  wh'aUge should men marry?" i margin of belief  as   to   what   they  The difficulties presented in   this ; tlieiiTselves -aay   consider the   most  httins: a ore   to   matrimoniallv   unite  latter problem are   no   less   formic1-  for mutual happiness and well-ben: e.  able than those encountered in   the  other one.    There is this, however, j Claire.  to be said, as an aid to   its solution j  -���  -and it does seem, when impartially I     In a recent number of a   Londcn  considered, eminently unfair to  the j paper, the statement  is made   that  fair sex that it is so���that the   man ; the fashionable women  of Eng1a^d  is granted under social laws a   free-1 have  begun   wearing pyjamas    in-!  dom denied to    the   woman.      It is ! stead oi night-dresses.     Really, the |  the privilege of the man   to   say   to i fever is hn ess  ofthe   feminine mind!  himself, " I will get married,"   and ; in copying the  attire of  the tyrant j  having so decided, all that remains  man   is   becoming   dangerous.     Is;  for him to do is to go in   search   of nothing sacred ?    Can she not even |  the woman he would like to marry. ; leave him his pyjamas ?  icence Authorising an  Extra-Provincial Company to Carry on Business.  "COMPANIES ACT, 1897."  Canada.       . )    ,  Province op British Columbia, i ..������"'���  No. l 97. , .���   '  THIS is to certify that the " Pyramid Kootenay Mining Company, Limited," is authorised  and licensed to carry on business within the  Province of British Columbia.  The head office of the Company is situate at  No. 36, Lime Street; City of London, England.  The amount of the capital of the Company is  ��50,00U, divided into 50,UU0 shares of ��1 each.  Tiie head office of the. Company in this Province is situate at Nelson, British , Columbia,  and J. R. Mackintosh, whose address is Nelson,  British Columbia, is the attorney for the Company. . ���  The objects for which the Company has been  established and so licensed are:���  A.] To acquire and work certain mineral  rights in British Columbia, upon the terms of  an agreement to be entered into by the Company, the draft whereof is set out in the Schedule to the Articles of Association of the Company, and to enter into and carry such agreement into effect, either with oiv without modifications:  [b.] To purchase or otherwise acquire any  grants, concessions, leases, or setts, easements,  or interests in lands, waters, mines, minerals,  mining or mineral claims, mining rights and  other hereditaments in British Columbia, and  any property, real or personal, moveable or  immovable, for purposes incidental thereto or  to any other objects of the Company:  [c] To prospect and search for, get, win,  work and raise within the area aforesaid coi>  per or other ores, metals, minerals or substances, and to carry on the business of miners  millers, smelters, and workers of any processes  in the production, reduction and making merchantable, of ores, minerals, metals, metallic  products,' supplies of water, merchants and  manufacturers and workers of any minerals,  metals, articles, and things used in, or in connection with mining, milling, smelting, and  other processes aforesaid, or any of them:  [r>.] To search for mines and'minerals, and  to acquire and grant licenses and other rights  and privileges for the purposes of, or in respect  of, the search for or winning and getting of  copper or other ores, metals or minerals:  [e.] To purchase, take or lease, or in exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire any real or  personal property, live or dead stock, or any  easements, rights, privileges, or concessions,  or any interest therein, ne> essary or convenient for the Company's business, or for developing or utilizing any of the Company's property, and to explore, work, and develop the  same:  f.] To acquire, erect, construct, or hire and  maintain and work, any buildings, plant,  engines, m'achinery, fixtures, mills, roads,  railways, tramways, canals, creeks, shafts,  ditches, or other works which may be necessary or advisable for the purposes of the Company:  [G.J To undertake and carry into effect all  nieh financial, commercial, trading, or other  operations or business in connection with the  objects of the Company as the company mav  think fit :  [H] To acquire any inventions capable of  being used for any purpose connected with  any of the businesses or operations of the  Company, or the license or right to use the  same :  [1] To amalgamate with any other company  having objects altogether or in part similar to  the objects of this Company, or to acquire and  undertake the whole or any part of the business, property awd liabilities of any person or  company carrying on any business which this  Company is authorized to carry on,, or possessed of property suitable for the purposes of  this Company:  [j.] With the sanction of an extraordinary  resolution of the Company, but not otherwise,  to pay for.any property or business purchased  or otherwise acquired in shares ito be treated  as wholly or partly paid up, or debentures or  debenture stock of the Company, or in money,  or partly in shares or debentures or debenture  stock and partly in money, and, with the like  sanation, to accept in payment for any part c r  for the whole of the property of the Compnm  sold or otherwise disposed of, shares, bonds or  debentures of any other company or companies:  [k.] To improve, manage, develop, let, underlet or sell, or otherwise dispose of, char._-e or  deal with, in any manner whatsoever, ail or  any part or parts" of the propertv of tiie Company,'or any rights or easements in or over the  same:  ( 1,.} To acquire by original subscription or  otherwise, and to hold and sell, or otherwise  dispose of, shares, sto.-k, debentures, or debenture stock, or any interest in the revenues or  profits of any company, corporation, partnership or person carrying on any business rap-  able of being conducted so * as directly or  indirectly to benefit this Company, and, upon  any return of capital, distribution of assets, or  division of profits, to distribute such shares,  stock, debentures, or debenture stock, among  the members of this Company in kind:  O1.3 To borrow or or raise money for the purposes of the Company, and to execute and  issue bonds or debentures, or debenture stock,  to bearer or otherwise, mortgages and other  instruments for securing the repayment  thereof, or for any other purpose, with or  without charge upon all or anv of the propertv  of the Company or  its  uncalled  capital,   and  upon such terms asto priority or otherwise as  the Company shall think fit: .  fN. 5 To establish or promote, or concur dn  establishing "or promoting, any other company  whose object shall include the' acquisition arid  taking over of all or-any part of the property,  assets,or liabilities of this Company, or sliall  be in any manner calculated to enhance, either  directly or indirectly, the interests of the  Company, and to acquire and bold shares,  stock, or securities of or guarantee the payment of any securities issued by, or any other  obligations of any such company:  (o.)To lend, invest, and deal with the  moneys of the Company not immediately  required upon such securities, or without  security,'and in such manner as from time to  time may be determined:  [p.j.To make, accept, indorse, and execute  promissory notes, bills of exchange, arid other  negotiable instruments:  [Q.j To apply for, obtain, accept, adopt, and  carry into effect, any Acts of Parliament, provisional orders, concessions, contracts, grants,  decrees,,powers or..' privileges, which, may be'  deemed necessary or desirable for facilia'ting  the objects or any of the objects of the Company;    ' '..'.������'     ','���.'.���'.'  ��� Ir'.j To procure'the Company to be registered  or incorporated, or otherwise domiciled, empowered, represented, or recognized in British  Columbia:  , [3. To'-hold'in the names'of others any property which, the Company is authorised' to  acquire, and to carry on or do any of the businesses and acts and things aforesaid, either as  principal or agent, and either by the agency of  or as agents and trustees for others:  (T.) To remunerate and make donations (by  cash or other assets or by the allotment Of fully  or partly paid shares, or in any other manner)  to any person or persons','for'services rendered  or to be rendered, in introducing any property  or business to the Company, or "in placing or  assisting to place any shares, debentures or  other securities of the Company, or for any  other reason which the Company may think  Tjvpper: ���'*,.'���'������������  (17.) To execute and'do generally all such  ether things as the Company may at any time  consider "conducive to the carrying out or  attainment of the above objects or any of  them :  Given under my hand and seal of office at.  Victoria,'.Province of British Columbia, this  29th day/of June, one thousand eight hundred  and riinetv-seVen.  tl.s.I   v .,      . Y. WC.OTTON,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  Assessment   Act <  Revenue  !.nc! -Piov.i  Tax.  n  i\  elson Division of West Kootenav. Di.stf.i-  NOTICE is heraby given, in a'-rordance with  the Statutes, t^at Provincial jLt^enue Ta^ ar I  ail taxes levied under the Assessment Act are  now due for the year 1S97. All the above-  named taxes collectible within the Nelson Di-  vi.. ion of West Kootenay, assessed by me, are  payable at my office, at'Kaslo, B. C* Assessed  taxes are collectible at the following rates,  viz. :���  Four-fifths of one per cent, on the assessed  ,-alue of real estate, other than wild land.  Three-quarters of one per cent, on the assessed value of personal property.  So much of the income of any person as exceeds one thousand dollars the following rates,  namely, upon such excess, when the same is  not more than ten thousand dollars, one and  one-quarter of one per cent; when such excess  is over ten thousand dollars and not more than  twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of  one per cent.; when such excess is over twenty  thousand dollars, one and three-quarters of  one per cent.  Three per cent, on the assessed value of  wild land.  If paid on or before tbe 30th dav of June,  1897 : *  Three-fifths of one per cent on the assessed  value of real estate, other than wild land.  One half of one per cent on the assessed value  of personal property.  Upon such excess'of income, when the same  is not more than ten thousand dollars, one per  cent,; when such excess is over ten thousand  dollars, and not more than twenty thousand  dollars, one and one-quarter of one' per cent.;  when such excess is over twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of one per cent.  Two and one-half per cent, on the assessed  value of wild land,  Provincial Revenue Tax, $3.00 per capita.  John Keen,  Assessor and Collector  Kaslo, B. C, 2nd September, 1897.  Notice   of   Apa'icalion   for   Certificate    of  I m prove merits.  Rosa and Belle Mineral claims, situate  in  the  Nelson Alining Division of   West  Kootenav  District, and   located on  Skilet  Creek,   oh  North Fork of Salmon Kiver.  Take notice that we, Alex. Ooyette, free miner's certificate, No. 83.581, John A.Quinlan, free  miner's  certificate  No.  1,344 A,   and   John A.  Coryell, free miner's   certiiidate   No. 81,209, intend, sixtv days from the ciate hereof, to applv  te the mining recorder for  certificates  of improvements, for the purp-r^mef obtaining crow n  grants of the above claims.    And   further take  notice that action, under section  37,   must  be  commenced before the issuance of such   certificates of improvements.  Dated this first dav of September, 1S97  nrnmcM'jLMJiLMiiiJ^iiiaiiiiiiiuuiBmB^  scBsmsonmRmEfSBB  '^"it^wJsttMaBnmgmBLiv.iiMjmMMHiitigjt'mTMWi  itetiiiiMmmmwmiimMiwaiimsimm THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  SHORT STORIES.  It, was related of Dr. Bedman that  he.-was'-playing whist, one evening  with a maiden lady for a partner.  She trumped his best card, and at  the end of the hand he. asked her  the reason why. "Oh, Dr. Bel-  man" (smilingly), "I judged it,  judicious.''' '< 'Judicious! judicious! !  ���judicious ! !���! You old fool !" She  never again touched a card.  A Scotchman who had been a  long time abroad paid a visit to his  native glen.' Meeting a schoolfellow, they sat down to chat on past  times and auld acquaintances. : In  conversation the stranger happened  to ask"about a certain George Mc-  Kay. ' 'He's dead long ago,'' said  his friend, "and I'll never cease regretting him'!";.-. "Dear me; Sandy,  had yoU;asmuch. respect for him as  that ?" "Na, na ; it wasna chy. re-  spec' I had for him, but dae ye ken  I married his widow?".  It is told of an old Baptist parson,  famous in Virginia that he once  visited a plantation where the  colored,servant who met him at the  gate asked which barn he would  have his horse put in. "Have you  two barns?" asked the doctor.  " Yes, sah," replied the. servant ;  " dar's de old bam, and Mas'r  Wales has jest built a new one."  " Where do you- usually put the  horses of clergymen who come to  see your master?" "Well, sah,  if dey's Methcdist or Baptist, we  gen 'ally puts ' em in de cle barr,  but if de3''s 'Piscopals we puts 'en  in the new one." " Well, Bob, 3*0u  can put my horse in the new barn ;  I'm a Baotist, but.my hersv is at;  Episcopalian."  Dr. Macknight, a Scotch , c.ergy-  inan who was the author of several  books upon religious subjects, had  among his parishioners a blacksmith who thought the doctor's  writing learned books was a .great  mistake and a sad waste of time.  One day this blacksmith was asked  by a stranger if Dr. Macknight was  then at the manse. " Na, ia," replied the blacksmith, with a shake  of his shaggy head, "the mon's  gone to Edinbro 011 a vera useless  job." The doctor had gone off to  the printers with his learned -aid  valuable work called "The Harmony ofthe Four Gospels." The  stranger inquired curiously what  the "uselessjob" was. "Aweel,"  said the blacksmith looking at his  questioner sharply to see if his answer met with the appreciation it  merited  men  agree  he's  gone   to   mak' four  wha   ne'er   cast   out !"  Notice of Application   to   Purchase Land.  1, E. W. Smith, hereby give notice that sixty  days after date I intend to apply to the Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to purchase six hundred find forty acres  of land situated in the West Kootenay District,  described as follows : Commencing at a post  marked " E. W. Smith's north-east corner,"  planted about twenty chains west of the junction of Russel Creek and Goat Kiver and about  six chains south of Goat River, thence west  eighty chains, thence south eighty chains,  thence east eighty chains, thence north eighty  chains to the place of beginning.  E. W. Smith.  Goat River Division, West Kootenay District.  September 22nd, 1S97.  Notice of   Application   to   Purchase Land.  I. F. P.'Reid, hereby give  notice that sixty  (60) days after date  1* intend  to  apply  to   the  Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works  for  permission  to"'-purchase three: hundred   and  twenty (320; acres of land, situated iii the Vvest  Kootenay District  and  described''as  follows :  Commencing at a post marked :    "P.  P. Re id's  'south-east corner,'.'-planted on the south  side  I of Goat River,  about ''[10]: chains  west of the  {'junction   of the  Dewdney and  Rykert  trails,  I thence north   forty  [40]  chains,   thence   vest  eighty   [SOj   chains,   thence   south    forty   [-10]  chains, thence .east-'eighty  [SU] chains to the  place of beginning. ���'���'-'  F. P. Reid.  Goat River Division, West Kootenav Dist't, .13 C.  September 22, 1897.  Notice of   Application   to   Purchase  Land.  1, H. H. Collier, hereby give notice that sixty  days after date I'intend* to apply to the. Chief.  Commissioner 'of Lands and V\ u'rks for permission to purchase three hundred and twenty  acres of land situate in tiie West Kootenav  District described as folio'vvs'':."' Commencing at  a post marked H. 1-1. Collier's, south-v. est corner/planted on the south side of Goat Kiver  about ten [10] chains west of tiie junction, of  tiie Dewdney and Rykert trails, -thence north  forty chains, thence east eighty chains, thence  south forty chains, thence vest eighty chains  to the pla-'je of beginning.  "-'��� H. H. Collier.  Goat River Division, West Kootenay District.  September-22nd, 18.97.  Notice of Application   to    Purchase  Land.  1, C. D. Smith, herebyvgive notice that sixty  [GO] days after date I intend-to apply to tub  Chief Commissioner of Lands ana Works J or  permission to purchase six ''hundred and forty  [640] acres of land, situated in the West Kootenay District, 13.C, and described as follows :  Commencing at a post marked " . D. Smith's  south-vest corner," planted about t.senty [20j  chains west of the junction of Russell Creek  and Goat, River, and about six (6) chains .south  of Goat River, thence east eighty (80; chains,  thence north eighty (SO) chains, thence west  eighty [80] chains," thence south eighty (80;  chains to the place of beginning.  .'"'"C. D. Smith.  Goat River Division,--West Kootenay Dist't. liC  September 22nd, 1897.  c.  Notice of Application to   Cn�� Timber.  I hereby give notice that I have applied for a  special license to cut, fell and carry away timber from nine hundred.and sixty acres of Land  situated in the Vvest Kootenay District and  more particularly described as follows : Commencing at the soutn:west corner post of L.  362, thence west one hundred and t��\ent'y  chains, thence north eighty chains, theiK-eeast  one hundred and twenty chains more or less  to the western boundary of L. 862,thence south  along said western boundary eighty chains  more or less to the place of beginning."  D. D. McKinnon.  Goat River Division, West Kootenay District.  September 22nd, 1897.  Motice    of   Application   for    Ceriific;  imarovernents.  :te  Titanic, Young, Grouse,Young American,Epoch  and Sultan Mineral claims,situate in the .Nelson Mining  Division of West Kootenay District, and located near Burnt Creek, North  "'Fork of'Salmon River  Take notice that 1, John A. -Coryell, as  agent  for W. H.   Young,  free  miner's certificate No.  87,534, intend, sixty clays from the date  hereof,  to apply to the mining recorder for certificates  of improvements, for ,he purpose of obtaining  crown grants of the above claims. And further  take notice that action, under section  37, must  be commenced before the issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of Septemper, 1897.  Notice   of   Application   for   Certificate    of  Improvements.  Tj. p.���L. 2018, G. 1���Mineral claim.  Situate in the Nelson Mining Division of  West Kootenay District.  Where located:���About one and one half  miles vest from the Nelson and Fort Sheppard  railway at Hall's water tank. , alee notice that  I, AY. A. Macdonald, acting as agent for W. If.  Sherrod, Free Miner's Certificate No. 81993.  intend sixty days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining'Recorder for a Certificate of "improvements, for the purpose, of obtaining a  Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of siU'h Certificate  of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of September. 1897.  W.  A.   Mac; onald.  Notice   of   Application to   Purchase   Land.  Sixty days after date the undersigned intends  to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands  and Works to purchase the undermentioned  tract of land, situate I soutli side of Kootenay  River and on the east bank of Sandy Creek ;  post planted about twenty chains south of Kootenay River marked Northwest post running  40 chains south, then 40 chains east, then -li)  chains north, thence to the starting point. 160  acres more or less.  David McCreath.  Nelson, September 1st, 1897.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given   that   we,   the   undersigned, have carried on and intend to carry on  business as grocers  and   provision   merchants  at Nelson in* partnership under the name  and  firm of Buchanan A: Wilson.  Said partnership has subsisted since the 1st  July, 1897, and we are the only members of said  firm.  Dated this 21st day of September, 1S97.  A. ('. Brrir.-YNA.v.  C J. Wilson.  <3  ',' WI^.NIPEC,'>'MA:NiT.OBA'.;'':' ������.'���::;-::-.: ���.���;'-'���>; ���';v-::-;'.:  Wholesale Dealers in Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Apples, Poultry  and Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these goods in Western Canada.  All warehouses under perfect ..system of cold storage. Full  stock carried at.Nelson, B. C.     For prices write'.or wire-.-.  SEi L�� Mar Nelson Branch Parsons Produce Go.  &M0 ^u law n l"5  -g@�� ��S������@����@������@@��@��@����<  -O.F-  Iii accordance with instructions from the Hon.   G.   B.    Martin,   Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works, MESSRS. CHARLES A WATERMAN & Co. will offer for sale by"public auction at the Court  House, in  the City of Nelson, on V   :  ,3S  ^1 SSi ^ -9  ? -_8  J?2    VUi9, IS5^     / Uij  '��B iL,   ����.���   O  C IOC IK   p.  the re minder of t\z G- >vi:n. n^it t:>.v;i Ijts ii the original townsite of  th2 City ofN^s ) i, vvifc'i t ii im ).:io:i of t'ns l'jjts cd norising blo-k forty-  nine (49).    (Lots ia block 83 and 89   withdrawn).  Alltots will be s:)ld subject to a 1 upset price ranging from $100 upwards.  With respect to. lots'upon-'which squatters have made substantial improvements, the purchasers ofthe same will be required to pa3^ to the  Government, for the benefit ofthe squatters, the appraised value of the  impr>:veme::ls thereon.  TER35 OF S-iL1-���Twenty-iive per cent (2") p (:) of thj p-.i.-.'ii.Xij :no:iey cadi, and the balance, i thin thirty [:-.uj days from the date of sale.  On tiie failure on t.ie p i:t oi awy intci.i lin< p.ir uias^r to o > n i'.e:e th'j >u .���chx>e within (h irty  [���-.0] days, tiiedepoht m.i \i at t..m .n sale w.'tt oi fj.-fjiie I a 1 1 c.n l)ts .v.i! bj a < ii;i.o.f,3r .> I for-  sale.    '���'���'- . -  For maps sho vin >���'the location of the lots t:> b3 off^re 1 for sale, catalogues of the same:, and  further particulars, apply at the office of  ��  \2ssa ^saS/  Nelson, Sept. 7th, 1897,  lB  re m&  Baker Street, Nelson, B. C.  %f*u  -les  to) Cigars, Cigarettes,- ��� Pipes.and��� Tobaccohisfs1. Sundries  -SOLE OWNERS OF-  T-EE  FINEST BRAND   MADE  IN  CANADA  olesaie   Store,   Korth   of   Baker  Street,   Nelson.  taHStore9   South Side of  Baker Street.  e>  p^>,  <��&*/'  Brokers and P/lanufacturers'Agents.  Agents fcr Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Mania, W.J. Pe ilr.iy's Soaos, M. R. Smith & Go's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON,  B. C.  P. O.  Box 498.  m- IO  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  HUMOROUS.  .'Agent-1���''' Sir, do you need any  type-writer supplies ?" Merchant���  " Yes ; send me about four pounds  of candy."  {<FIe didn't have the sand to  propose, did he, Bessie ?'' "Yes,  but she rejected him. She said  that while he had the sand to propose, lie didn't have the rocks to  marry."  Zigsby���", I have put a friend of  mine on his feet three times in the  last two years.'' Perksby���'' That's  nothing. I put a friend of mine on  his feet fourteen times last   night.''  "Miss Gush hasn't much of a  head for mathematics." " Why so ?',  '' During the evening I have heard  her teir how, on three different occasions, she was ' frio'htened half to  death.' "  "Doctor, I want a tooth pulled.  I'm a great coward when it comes  to enduriug pain, and yet I'm afraid  of both laughing-gas and chloroform." ''You niiofht be haopy  with ether." '  The  Barber  e Finest line of  omestle  Two Doors East of Post Office  ew Editions, Arriving  &>  ��� ��.y ���  lE  (mo, :  P.  We are. up-to-date with   Colonial  Libraries..  Mining Books for, Prospector,  Assayer and Mineralogist, always  on hand.  Any. book not in stock procured  to order.  Call at Postofflce Ciffar Store  U'l    J  iiate  very Pair Guaranteed to Have Cork Soles.  tatidner  ���Oi  OmSOn ...utiuiuiioiv    .uurj  NELSON,   B..C.  0.;  '      Successors to J. Madden.  /liners Livery and   Feed   Siahi  Opposite  PJoya!    Hotel,   Stanley   Sirsat  ". :    NELSON,-     '���'.= B  e  DRINKS ON ICE..'-..,  ���AH Kinds of���  Fruits, fears, and Tobaccos  Allan Camp be!!, Baker st Sr'dg, kelson  This shoe has an organ of respiration, the air enters two eyelets at the back of the shoe three inches above the heel and  passes down a small tube and enters a channel formed between  the inner and outer sole which is perforated directly under thq  foot. The weight ofthe body going from one foot to the other  produces a circulation of air, thus keeping the feet dry. The  shoe will wear longer owing to the perspiration not rotting the  leather.  G>  Fred..Goodwin 'wishes  to  inform his numerous  friends-and acquaintances before they start for. *   c-  m  D.  DEALERS   IN  r*3  S&  ��?  S&BJ  ��  OH!  BAKER STREET,  id-Dressed lumber, Sash, Doors,  ���hingles, Etc, Etc.  In premises lately occupied   by  A. McDonald <x  Oj.  NELSON, B.C.  N  <r.P  y^-g-^  a^  * A I  L   31*. Ji���.4  fH1  FIRST-CLASS WIN  LIQUORS fiMD CIGARS,  :Wol Dollars Per Day and Up,      -       Everything lew.  OPPOSITE COURT HOUSE,     SAMPLE ROOM FREE.  That he is-Selling Trail  Creek Beer  at Twenty=five  Cents a Quart. . ",. .  1   �� I'Cs-  o e n o  ��%*  tilling Co  i  ���6tm  K  ERCHANT TAILOR  3*  Farley*,  NELSON,  roprlatotfs  B.   C.  High Class Suits made in.the  Latest Styles.  A  Magni-fic.  and   West  Spring  we:  Suitings...  >ent Line of Scotch Tweeds  and Worsted,  of    England   Trouserings,   Suitable    for  ar.    A special feature  of Fancy Worsted  ���^  ��  ��  ��  lolesale and Retail  Baker St., Nelson, B, C.  rr  W i  *4*L*.  Wagon work and Blacksniithing in all its Brandies.  i^ &>y  $  H. A.   PROSSER,   Manager.  Lake St.,  Opp. Court House.  NELSON,   B.  C.  Head Office ;  Nelson,  B. C.  Markets at  Nelson,  Kaslo, Three   Forks,  Sandon,   Rossland   and  Trail  fl  e*;  We are now ready for business in the  .or S  SPARKLING.  THORPE & CO.  AROSVIATIC.  TELEPHONE 6o @  Awards for Merit World's Fair. ��  Our Drug Stock is complete,   and we are opening up a   full   line of  stationery.  An inspection of our Stock and prices is respectfully invited.  k M  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  n  Latest Novelties  ���IN-  *fe  Josephine   St.,   near Baker,   Nelson.   B;  C  JOHN  IV! c LATCH IE  Dominion and  Provincial -^fc*,*^'"'';  Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom House, Nelson,B. C.  personal;  "Unpaid taxes within the municipal limits  oi the cities of Nelson and Kossland"  ���"As provided by. the Speedy Incorporation of  "Towns Act, 1897,,a rateable portion of the  " real estate taxes within the municipal limits  " of the cities of Nelson and Rossland for the  " year 1897, is payable to the respective rauni-  " cipalities. In order that the Provincial as-  '��� sessment roll may be closed, in so far as re-  " lates to property assessed within said, cities :  " notice is hereby given that unless all arrears  oi  taxes due and payable on  said propertv  "are paid to the undersigned at Kaslo, on  or  " before the 30th day  of November,  1S97,   the  < lands and property against which  taxes are  then unpaid will be advertised for sale in ac-  " cordance with the provisions of tax sales linger the Assessment Act."  John Keen,  ~.  i   , ;. .     ���    ��� ���    .     Assessor and Collector.  Dated this 4th day of.October, 1897.  J. ;E. Fell, merchant of Victoria,  is in town. .-..'.'    "' ,:,;: ���/;'   ;;-;':'  ' M.- H:  Gillian,   hotel   proprietor  of Erie, paid kelson;& yisit.  .*��� Jk- ^- Ferguson, mining broker of  KaslOy was in town last week.  J.'A. Aikmari nas resigned his  position as City Solicitor of Grand  Forks, and will in future practice in  Nelson. "''..'': '  H. M. Adams, Henry Roy and  A. W. .Whiteside are in the city  from Rossland.  W. H. Corbould, of Rossland,  who represents large mining interests in this district, is-in the city.  C. P. Hill, deputy collector of  customs.; of Port Hill, Idaho, made  another frying visit', to the city  yesterday.  Henry B. Thompson, manager  Kootenay branch of Turner Beeton  & Co., returned on Monday from a  visit to Fort Steele.  Provincial Secretary's Office.  His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor has  been pleased to make the following appointments :���  17th September, 1897.  Frederick Fraser, Esquire, J. P., to be a Clerk  and a Mining Recorder in the' office of the  Government Agent at the town  of Revelstoke.  28th September, 1897.  Sidney Russell Almond, Esquire, J. P.,' Mining Recorder, to be Deputy Registrar of the  County Court of Yale, at Grand Forks.  The auction sale of Government  lots in the city of Nelson takesplace  tomorrow at two o'clock, and will  no doubt be well attended. There  are in all nearly one hundred lots  to be put to the hammer, many of  which have improvements upon  them. The value of these improvements as set out in the catalogue,  will be added to the purchase price,  and will go to the squatter. It Is  to be hoped that good prices will  prevail, as the property is valuable  in a growing city such- as this.  MUSIC.  tzya st?* I  fv  3 B  Opened under new management  Everything First-Class  White Labor Only Employed  25  MEATS FROM  CENTS UP  GIVE  ME A CAL'.  F. J. VAN BUREN, Prop.  CLEMENTS  AND HILLYER BLK  Room 6,  Nelson, B. C.  A large number of business lots for sale. Also  business blocks on Baker,  Vernon and other streets.  Residential lots and houses  for sale in addition A and  other parts of the city.  As   the   festival   of   the   Three  Choirs, held early in   September at  Hereford, a special feature  was the  rendering of a   new   work   by   Dr.  Harford   Lloyd,    "A     Hymn     of  Thanksgiving for the Queen's Long.  Reign."       It   would  be difficult to  speak too highly   of this   composition.      The composer   has   selected  his words from  the  Bible  and   the  Book   of Common   Prayer.       The  work   is   in    five    movements,   all  displaying the   highest   art   of the  musician.     Special mention should  be made of the   third,   a   so-called  litany, in which precis and responses    from   the   prayerbook   are  set  to    music   in    an    entirely    novel  manner.        A     solo     voice      and  the chorus answer each other as in  the Church of England service ; but  the  setting   is   far   more   elaborate  than that of Tallis, and   the   effect,  when   the   voices   are   divided into  eight parts, is excellent.     Onty two  solo voices are required, and the music allotted to these received the fullest justice from Madame Albani and  Mr. Edward Llo3Td.       The general  result, under the composer's   direction, left little to be desired.  usic  Lessons  Baker Street,   Nelson.  Mrs. M or ley is prepared to  receive pupils for ,, piano,  violin or organ.' For  terms apply at residence,  Silica street, or  Thomson   Stationery    Co.,     L'td,    Nelson.  PUBLIC NOTICE.  We, the undersigned,. doing a  strictly cash business, and as our  time is money, will on October Toth;  turn all of our unpaid accounts over  to our attorney for collection.  Yours truly,  Farusy &  Simpson.  ROBT. DINSDALE,  Contractor.  25    Years'    Practical    Experience.  Office Ward St., near Court PIouse: Nelson, B.C.  The First Thing  To Remember  Is that I am in business  to ���'ma jy e-money    .     .     .  'v/::'/?��  But I don't expect to-.get. rich this year or next.    I go on these  principles : ���> Ma&e a man's clothes fit perfectly.     Give him cloth  ^���^ it is.     Don't "put  the price   any  ;    higher   thanvit   ought to  be.     That  is the way I hope to make  money.       ���'������<P:. -/.������.���.���'.'.������...������.  OSS* IVSerchant Tailor.  ext Door to Vienna Restaurant.  m  Street Cash Grocery.  SELECTION OF GROCERIES AND  SeM Cheap  Sieam Laundry, C. G. DAVIES.  JUST OPENED     IN THE HcKILLOP  BLOCK  (Opposite Hudson's Bay Co.)   WITH   Brand New   Stock   of   Gent's   Furnishings  Well assorted and at the Ecwest Prices.  ass a  TRELFORD & STANNARD,  j  All kinds of Miners'   and Workingmen's Furnishing Goods  for sale.  EVERYTHING CHEAP FOR CASH. 12  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  London^ Bng.  Victoria, B.C.  �����&���'.-.      ill?  #&^s*$*-:#v -^y^'  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  Kootenay Branch  Nelson; B. C  Wills'  ran  The season for  upon us, and we are  to inform our pa-  that we are to hand  having just received direct from  is   no\\[  pleased  t ro.ns  with it  The Jas. Stewart Manufacturing Co. of Woodstock  Two cars of .their celebrated STOVES and RANGES, which we are  offering at exceptionally low prices. We have also a full stock of all  sizes of QUEEN HEATERS.     Give us a call.     Satisfaction guaranteed  Lawrence   Hardware   Co.  TOTAL DAILY CAPACITY 8f200BBLS.  "OGILVIE'S PATEWT HUNGARIAN" will hereafter be known tinder the brand, OGIL-  VIE'S HUNGARIAN." Branded Blue.  " bGILVIE'S STRONG BAKERS "will hereafter be known under the brand "OGILVIE'S  GLENORA."    Branded Red,        . ,  All these brands have been duly registered in the Government Patent offices, and any infringement of the same or refilling of our branded bags with flour will be prosecuted according  to law, as each bag of flour is fully guaranteed which bears our registered brand and sewn  with our special red white and blue twine. . .  . In thanking you for your patronage in the past, and in soliciting a continuance of your favors, we take this opportunity of informing you that "OGILVIE'S HUNGARIAN " and " OGIL-  VID'S GLENORA " have been established at a high standard, manufactured under special process, securing the right combination of properties gluten and starch to produce the highest  results in baking. -���  , In placing our new brands upon the market we do so with the assurance that your most  profitable interests will be served in securing you the finest quality of bread. No expense is  spared in the manufacture of these special brands of flour, and our prices will at all times be  ot as low a figure possible consistent with the superior article which we offer.   Yours truly,  OG9LVIE MILLINC   COMPANY.  C. M.LEISHMAN, Victoria, Agent for British 'Columbia.''"  R. B.  ESNOUF  Importer and Dealer in  9  Telephone 21  Baker Street, Nelson, B. C.  rand View  Deer Park, BBG  9  (Lower Arrow Lake.)  Headquarters for Prospectors  and Miners for the Arrow Lake  District,  Unexcelled Deer Shooting.  Excellent Fishing and  Boating.  Most picturesque and comfortable camping grounds in the  Kootenay.  HERMAN KNORR,  Proprietor  l897  THE  1897  1 TIIE HIGHEST STANDARD OF RE-  serve for the protection of policy holders being  the only Canadian company that has provided  this securitv from its inception.  2 THE LARGEST SURPLUS TO POLICYHOLDERS of any Canadian company at the  same stage of its existence, being 1>U per cent  higher than anv other companv.  3 THE LO'WESE DEATH" RATE of any  company in Canada at the same stage of its  existence.  HAS NOT any real estate, overdue interest,  or Death Claims unpaid.  The first car of ore was shipped  from Ashcroft last week to Butte,  Mont., from the Rivers mine.  A company producing only one  form of one part of a bicycle, the  jointless rim, covers two acres oi  ground with its works at Birmingham, Kngland.  A woman is out of her element  unless she is acquainted to a certain  extent with the sciences of bake-  ology, boilology, stitchology, make-  ��l��gy> mendology." How often we  see mothers busily engaged in domestic duties like a slave, in order  that the girl may enjoy every luxury and do nothing. Indeed many  hardly let their daughters soil their  hands, says a quiet observer. Xhere  never was a greater blunder than to  substitute good looks fcr gocd qualities. Every girl ought to be brought  up to have regular domestic^ duties.  Idleness should be forbidden her.  The 011I3' dignified life is a useful  life.  T. S. Gore.  H.  Burnet.        J. II. McGregor  GORE, BURNET & CO.,  Provincial   and   Dominion  Land  Surveyors and Civil Engineers.  Agents  for  Obtaining: Crown   Grants and Abstract of Tiile to Alineral Claims, <5cc.  General Agent Kootenay District, NelsonP. C., j NELSOI  -    -   British Columbia  Hungarian,  Strong Bakers,  Economy,  Superfine,  Bran,  Shorts,  Chicken Feed,  Chop.  The Oka.iagan Flour Mills Company, Ltd, Armstrong, 8. C.  Give this Flour a Trial before passing an opinion  Furniture, Crockery, Glassware, Lamps and Silver Plated Ware  A Complete "Line of Supplies for Hotels, Saloons, Restaurants.and Families.       '  Upholstering and Repairing.    Mattresses Made to Order.  VERNON STREET,  iELSON, British Columbia.  NELSON HARDWARE CO,  Hardware, Stoves, Ranges and Fu.naces  The latest addition to our stock is the  A new and beautiful wrood Cook Stove.  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  P. O. Box 63.  "f"?  T  OS^Y  To biry Cheap Shoes for the children to go to school in.  They are harder on shoes than grown people and consequently need the best  you can   bu}'.    We have just  re  ceived a large stock of shoes,  IGULAR SCHOOL SHOES  The}' will be sold at   prices   that   are 'way   down, quality  considered.  p^w^-  Having started a cash business, we are now prepared to  supply our customers with everything in the Grocery  Line at Rock Bottom Prices. Prospectors and Miners  shouldgive us a call before placing their orders elsewhere.  Our-stock of Crocker}^ is. complete, marked at living prices.  l-son,

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