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The Nelson Economist May 17, 1899

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 --I---  1'/  I.  A1'.'  b -,�� ' ���  Si*y  VOL. II.  A,    o  NELSON   B. C.,J WEDNESDAY,   KAY 17,  1899.  NO. yf'^ h  THE NELSON ECONOfllST.  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Caeley :.. Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION BATES':  Q ' ���  O^iq Year to Canada and United States' *. $2.00  If paid in advance c- :  1.50  One Year to Great Britain  2.50r  If paid in advance :  2 00  Remit by Express, Money Order, Draft, P. O. Order, or  Registered Laxter'.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.  .Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these .columns and the'  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  If Hon. J. Fred Hume's visit to Nelson is.  not as pleasant as he anticipated he has only,  himself to blame, Mr. Hume has attempted  the feat of carrying water on both shoulders,  and has ignominiously failed. His refusal to  accept responsibility for the eight-hour clause  in the Mineral Act has brought forth the most  incontrovertible proof that he was not only the  father of the. clause but also contemplated  such a provision during the recent contest.  The evidence supplied in proof of this, is  such- as even Mr. Hume will scarcely dare to  dispute. Mr. Wilks, in an interview with a  representative of the0Miner, supplies the tes'ti-"  mony as to.Mr. Hume's intentions with regard  to the enactment oi the eight-hour law. Indeed, it was only on condition that Mr. Hume ���  would support such a measure that Mr. Wilks,  the horny-handed son of toil, donned his,diamond pin and-took the,stump for the Minister of Mines. When a politician makes a  promise in the heat of a campaign and fails  to carry it ont; the matter is very often overlooked, but when that same politician fulfills  that promise and then covers it upi he places  himself..|beyond the confidence of both the  party to: whom the promise was given and the  .'persons who were most"interested in its'; ful-v  fillment. Mr. Hume fully;/ realizes- the. iniquity of the eight-hour clause, and his attempt to renounce any participation in its j  authorship has signally failed. In fact, it has  been brought home to him in such a way that  further denial will only heap upon him   more'  ridicule.  The citizens of Victoria are worked'up over  the , proposed railway connections. Every  two years the capital city has spasms of this  oharacter^ but the sturdy7 old mossbacks bring  what few enterprising citizens there are in the  place to a realization of their sins by refusing  to make concessions to any enterprise. What  the majority of the citizens &f Victoria jsvant  is something they can get for nothing. But  they will even look a gift Jhorse in the face.  -More enterprising towns and cities in British  Columbia are at a loss to understand the an-  tagonism toytn'e .D'unsrhuir proposal to give  railway connection with the Mainland. No  railw;ay5'win.':ever get entrance to Victoria ex-'  cept-it:pays-a bonus .for..the privilege.  , There seems to be an inclination in  many  o��-the-Kootenay towns to antagonize the Canadian-^Pacific Railway.    This company is  represented as resorting to all  kinds  of schemes  and .devices to subvert the- inalienable  rights  of.the people and dwarf every  local  industry  that: may .not'bow submissively  to  the  will  of Siry William Van Home.   As  a  matter of  fact, the'Canadian Pacific Railway it* a   business concern, and is  run  on business principles.    Its management is not so short-sighted  as not to see that development of  all  industries only enlarge.the  earning  sphere of the  company, and it  is  to their interest  to  encourage enterprise rather than stifle  it.    This  being the case why, should an astute business  man.like Sir  William  Van  Home lose  any  sleep devising means to retard  the  growth of  any industry?  . The Rossland Miner', the mouthpiece of Mr.  Heinze, is the greatest offender in the matter of  misrepresenting the aims and objects of the  Canadian Pacific Railway. In order to get  revenge, for some fancied grievance, the Miner  is persistent in it misrepresentation, and professes to se9 in every move of Sir William another attempt to rob the people. If the Miner  would only pause and think for a moment it  would realize that the greatest factor in opening  up and developing the Province of British Columbia has been the Canadian Pacific Railway. Without it the greater portion of the  Province would/be-unexplored territory today.  Undoubtedly Sir Willi am Van Home does  not overlook anything that will prove profitable in the way of an investment'for his com  pany; but the same peculiarity is noticablein  tlie management of nearly, every other successful business in the Province. Why, then,  should whatis considered a virtue in other  men be regarded as a vice in Sir William Van  Home? It is not good policy on the part of  any cityiin w.hich the C. P. R. is interested, to,  to throw obstacles in'the way.of the company.  On the contrary, it should be dealt with in the  same spirit as other companies which have, for  their principal object profitable investment.  Sir Wiliiam Van Home has done,-, and can "do,  a thousand times more for British" Columbia  than a hundred growlers' like Aug. Henize..  It is believed that Greenwaywill go  to the;  country sometime in July.   For the first time  in. many  years   a   determined  effort will be  made to upset the Green way party, and there  ^eems   to   be   good  grounds for hoping that  the   present    government    will    be   beaten.  The opposition is being led by<Mr. Hugh John  Macdonald, who has given his whole attention  to the situation for the past year.   Mr. Macdonald  has brought  out the best men in his  party in every constituency.    He will contest  one -bf=r the  Winnipeg constituencies, and in  Portage la Prairie William  Garland, a popular  business man, will  fight the battle.    In  Dennis, James Simpson,  a   gentleman   well  known   to   all   Manitobans, will win.'   The  coming   contest   in   Manitoba   has peculiar  significance to Conservatives throughout Canada, inasmuch as the success of Hugh  John  Macdonald would mean an acceptable leader  for the Conservafive party  in  the  Dominion.  He  appe_ars to  be the  only one  who could  arouse the old interest.in the party.  If the promises of members of the Dominion  Cabinet amount to anything, Nelson will get  the desired public buildings' this year, Mr.  Galliher having been assured that, $25,000  would be placed in the estimates for this purpose.^  That Nelson is the commercial centre of the  Kootenay is best evidenced by the steady  growth of the wholesale interests at this point.  The latest to move their Kootenay headquarters here are McMillan & Hamilton, who'haye  moved from Nakusp to Nelson. The firm.will  build a large warehouse on Water street; adjoining the Turner, Beeton & Co. warehouse.  The joint commission will not meet in Au- ^������^������������������������������������������������������������������++����++++++��+,  ���������������^������������������������������������������������������^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  .. .The Best There Is  Barn Piano  That will last you and  will give you satisfaction. It has stood the  test in the Kootenays  for thirteen years. The  only first-class Piano  made in Canada   O terns  Style, Special Model  Will Sell the Above   Mentioned to Compete With   Everybody.  Send for Price*.  z ���  Dover...  WATCHES MO JEWEIRT.  ���   Satisfaction Guaranteed.  Repairing a Specialty.  !  :  Orders By Mail or Express Receive Our.  Prompt Attention.    .    .    .    .    . ;  +++++���+++���+���++���+++++++++++++++++++++++++  Four  kinds  of S e w i n g  Machines the Best  in America.  Wheeler& Wilson Machines,  Hachlnes in Different Styles. ���  ines.  mar macmnes ���  The New Raymond Machines,  ^������^���������������������^���^^���������^������^���a^a^^^^^^^^^^^^.  gust, and thus the,whole affair is ended. The  statement is made that when theconference adjourned there was an understanding that both  countries should test public sentiment on the  points at variance���the lumber and boundary  questions. If Sir Wilfrid entertained any  doubts as to Canadian sentiment on those  issues, the utterances of the jjress of both  shades of politics during the past few months  should have undeceived him.  In refusing to longer bow meekly to the  will of the Attorney-General, Hon. Mr. Cotton  has struck the first decisive blow at Martin  ascendancy/ We believe the inhabitants of  British Columbia could be reconciled to fou  years of Cotton-Semlin rule, but every free-  born British subject in this portion of the  Queen's dominions repents the Martin tyranny.  A large amount of the space of this issue  of The Eco nomist is devoted to the by-laws  that wi'lljCOme before the ratepayers of Kelson  on Mayy 29. A perusal of the different bylaws tyilr'well repay every citizen who has the  interes'tis;0t Nelson at heart. We shall go into  the matter at length next week.  ownership of the Detroit street railway, and to  operate it as a branch of the public municipal  service.   It was opposed with intense bitterness by all interested in preserving  the railway in private hands.    Numerous and  influential citizens, who" had invested money in the  railway, and who drew handsome diuidends  from shares quoted at two hundred or more  above par, are determined not to surrender so  profitable a source of income.    They have be-  gun legal proceedings to prevent the city taking possession, temporarily, and perpetually,  and are bent on fighting the question to the  bitter end.   The New Westminster Columbian  says the conteat is being watched with intense  interest by the people of other cities, where the  same movement'to get hold of street railways  and operate tnem ib the interests of the public  is in contemplation.  time to protest.     The truth is that the inter-.  ests of the  whole Province are  being made  subservient to Vancouver.     During the Tur-;  ner regime, the Mainland did  not get all it  asked for but it was fairly treated,  which  is  not the case now.    The Province is run solely ;  in the interests of Vancouver, even the Premier's constituency is neglected,  while other  place*, notably the North Riding of Yale,  is ���  actually discriminated against ; what benefits =  it has received in the past are being rapidly  taken away from. us.     We have no objection "  to the Government spending the public money  on anyr enterprise, railway or telegraph,  that,  :will be beneficial to any portion of the  Prov- :  ince, but we do  ask  that  we should  receive "  fair treatment in the expenditure,  and  while  other places are receiving increased rations of1  Government pap, that we at least  be allotted-  bur old proportion of it."  A lively fight isgoin on in the city of Detroit oyex the possession of the street railway.  At the last session of the State Legislature a  bill, known as the McLeod bill, was passed  and received the sanction of Governor Pin-:  gree, whicti gave the city power ta assume the  The  following from  the  Kamloops Stan-  dard strikes the nail squarely  on  the  head ;  " At the present, time the Government are reducing their expenditure in. the Interior  to  a  minimum,.   .,In/Kamlqops the registry office  is doomed and: the Government   institutions  fire  being; sweateid.     1^    building   pf   the  bridgeis put; off: till a more convenient season,  and the interests of an industrial: population  arey neglected.     Should  all these things  be  caused by hard times, weshould take   them  without murmur, but when  the  Government  can spend $1,000,000.on a cable for the  benefit of the commercial men on the coast, it is  A "Scottish Niagara," for producing water  power, means the turning of the waters of  mountain fastnesses and several lakes, including Lake Ericht, into a connected mass by  means of canaling. . The connected waters will  reach the s��a at Ballyhulich, on Loch Linnhe,  near the Firth of Lome, after sweeping over a  precipice a thousand feet high. The cablegram which gives this information says this  enterprise will turn half the: waters of North  Perth from the Firth of Tay, on the east coast,  to the Firth of Lome. Mr. McBae, who has  had a Canadian experience and studied the  hydraulic engineering works at Niagara, is the  author of the scheme.  The Lindley Company, well known in British-Columbia, begin a two weeks' engagement  at theGpera House next Monday night.  SX  snssES  r4��s��  ra-".-  It /H���� ?irt  T^WHa the economist:  ��� *,< WMuiM  .ft  I* '  Corporation of the  City  of Nelson.  _>���'  /'***���  BY-LAW NO. 43>  A By-Law Respecting the Establishment of  Coke and Gas Works in the City  of Nelson.  The Municipal Council of the City of Nelson enacts as follows:  1. W. H. Pearson, W. H. Pearson, Junior,  L. L.Merrificld and JVT.  Westcott, hereinafter called the Company, are hereby granted  the right, subject to the terms, conditions and  provisions    hereinafter    contained,    which  terms, conditions and provisions and the due  fulfillment thereof are to be taken as conditions precedent to the enjoyment of therighis  and privileges hereby granted, to erect, construct, mai ntain and operate Gas Works within the limits of the City of Nelson; and to lay  down, relay, connect, disconnect and repdr  all' pipes   along,   through   and under  the  street*, alleys, grounds, bridges and thoroughfares of the >aid City of Nelson, that may be  necessary for sui p ying gas to the consumers  thereof, and erect any pillars, lamps or other  works, and do all other things which the  Company shall deem necessary for supply!-.g  gas to the inhabitants or Corporation of th..;  said City of Nelson aforesaid, and doing us  little damage as may be' in the execution of  the powers hereby granted.  2. The Company before erecting such pillars, lamps or other works and doing such  other things which the Company shall deem  necessary for supplying gas to the inhabitants of the City, shall make application to the City Council for permission so  to do naming the street or streets, alley or alleys, or other places along, through or under,  __        which they desire to erect such pillars, lamps j ning ��uch work; except in cases of emergency  or other works or do such other things which ' arising from, defects in the pipes or other  the ( ompany may deem necessary, and before proceeding in any way with any of such  works shall receive the approval of the City  Council.  all the sum of 815.00, ind shall keep such service  } ipj and gas meter in proper order and repair; provided, that it shall not be compulsory on the Company to furnish or introduce  thd same as afore zaid to any shop, house, establishment or rc&idence at a distance ot more  than fifty feet from their mains, save as hereinafter mentioned.     v",;  7. Provided thatanyperson requ ir ing a supply ofgas if the place wherein such gas is required be distant more than fifty feet from  any main may requ ire the Company to supply such; service pipe^ stop cock and meter lor  the price above mentioned in addition to a  ���urn not exceeding $1.00 afoot;on each foot of  distance over and above the said fifty feet.  8. With the permission of the City Council  and according to plans approved by the City  Engineer and under his supervision the Company may, if  f mud  necessary; make  any  sewers that may be necessary for carrying off  the washings and waste liquids 'which may  ariae in the making ofgas, and for the purpose aforesaid, may remove and raise all ma  terial in such stie us and bridges and they  may in such streets do all other acts which  the Company shall from time to time deem  necessary tor supplying gias to the inhabitants  within the limits specified in the second section herei.i. doing as little damage as may be  in   the   execution of   the powers   hereby  grau.ed and making compensation for any  damage tuat may be done in the execution of  such powers  9 Nothing herein contained shall authorize or empower the Company Vo lay down or  place any pipes or other works into, through  or against any building or any land not dedicated to public use without the consent of the  ovno��3 or own piers thereof  10. Befor etbeCompany proceed to open or  bi.it*. ..*, a^ street, bridge-v or pavement  they shali give to the City Engineer or other  authority under whose controlor management the *ame may be, notice in writing of  their intention to open or break up the same,  not less than three ctear days before begin-  ters and provisions hereby required of them  shall be drawn and shall be executed by the  City and the Company within sixty days  from the passing of this By-law.  18. In this By-law tne expression "City"  shall mean the "City of Nelson," "City Council" shall mean "The Municipal Council of  the City of Nelson," "City -.Engineer" shall  mean "The Engineer of the City of Nelson"  and the word *��� Company " shall include, refer to and be in every way binding upon the  Company their and each of their heirs, executors,, administrators and assigns.  NOTICE.,  works, when Immediate notice shall be given.  No pipe, main, sewer, pillar, lamp or other  work or thing shall be used by the Company  , for any purpose until they obiain from the  3. The laying ,down or   re-laying of any i City Engineer a certificate in writing that the  ��-.������ :       ,        .�� ,       j ..���.��__,.���.. ' Hume has been erected or constructed to his  ' satisiaction.  , 11. When the Company open or break up  I the road or pavement of any street or bridge,  they shall, with all convenient speed, com-  glete the work ior which the same shall be  roken or'1 opened up, and shall fill in the  , ground, reinstate and make good the road or  ' pavement so opened or broken up ,and carry  away the< rubbish occasioned thereby and  ! shall at all times when  required while any  such street or paTement shall be broken up,  ' cause a light sufficient for the warning ol* pas-  . sengers to be set up and maintained every  | night during which same shall be opened or  boken up.  j    12 The Company shall be liable for and shall  indemnify the City for all damages arising  out of the construct ion and operation of their  .' sa id Coke and Gas Works, including therein  the construction and keeping in repair of  i every main, sewer or auy=other work in re-  ' spect of this By-law and the conveying of gas  pipes or mains along, throughahd under the  streets, alleys, grounds, bridges and thoroughfares oi said City and erection of any pillars,  lamps or other works and the doing of all  other things which the Company shall deem  necessary, shall not be commenced until' a  plan thereof shewing the location, position  and style of such pipes, pillars, lamps, works  and things the Company ueem necessary,  shall have been submitted to and approved  by theCity Engineer. And the location, position and style of such pipes or mains, pillars,  lamps, works and other things shall conform  to and agree with the. plans approved by the  City Engineer. v  4. The Company shall within sixty days  from the final passage of this By-law (unavoidable casuaiities of the sea and fire not  preventing) commence to construct, erect and  establish Coke and Gas Works and buildings  adequate to the supply ofgas within the limits of the said City of Nelson, and, such construction, erection and  establishment shall  be carried on continuously and diligently un- ' or   sewage through such mains and towers  til such works and buildings are completed  sufficiently  to supply the demand for gas.  13. Ifat any time in the opinion of the City  Council the profits on the gas sold in the City  and within six months from the final passi ng i be excessive the Company shall su bmi t to ar-  oi this By-law shall proceed as the City En-J bitratibn the'question of the prices charged  gineer may direct to lay the requisite length  of mains of an adequate diameter, and shall  on demand supply at all times therefrom to  all persons as hereinafter mentioned an adequate amount of gas, of good quality, at the  house,,shop, establishment, works or residence of the person requiring the same.' And  the Company shall within the period of two  years from the passing of thia By-law expend  upon {the constructionn of the Coke and Gas  Works arid the laying of mains aforesaid, not  less than the sum of One hundred thousand  dollars ($100,000.00), or forfeit the rights  granted under this franchise.  5. The price of gas supplied by the Com  for gjis supplied and shall produce their books  arid other papers for inspection and the prices  ofgas supplied for all purpose* shall be reduced as tne City Council shall direct, aceord-  ,(ing to the rate decided by such arbitration,  i but not in any case to reduce the Company's  j profits under 15 per cent per annum on the  ��� gas business, such arbitration tobo-conducted  "under'the provisions ot* the\-Arbitration Act,  being Chapter 9,18��7; of the Bi itisirColumbia  Statutes arid amending Acts;      .- vy  14. The City shal 1 haye the right on the expiry of ten years from the date of the passing  of this By-law to take over and own the aforesaid Coke and Gas Works on a valuation to be  pany for lighting purposes shall be controlled , ^etermihed.byarbitration; the City and' the  by the City CounciI, but shall in no case with- j company to name: each an arbitrator, and  o��t the-cpnsent..of��� the Company be ; less^than   they to name a t bird, arid in the event of them  ��2.00 per thousand feet or more than $3.00 per  thousand feet, as shall supply as much gas as  may be required for lighting the streets within  the limits aforesaid within fifty feet, of any  main laid by the Company, and shall supply  the Corporation with gas for power purposes  if required at a price not to exceed $1.00 per  thousand feet; gas for cooking or heating pu!��-  poses shall be supplied at not more than  $2.00 per thousand cubic feet of gas; and gas  required for power by any person or corporation other than the city shall be supplied  at not more thari$2.00 per lOOOcubic feet. *  6. The Company shall, subject to  the provisions hereinafter contained,  on demand, introduce into .and  through .the walls or enclosures of a  house, shop, establishment or residence of  any person requiring the same, a proper service pipe with stop cock and furnish a gas  meter if required for accurately measuring  the supply ofgas to the person requiring the  same, at a fair market price, not exceeding for  disagreeing on a third thesametobeappointed by the Chief Justice of the Province, such  arbitration' to be conducted under the Arbitration Act, Chapter 9,1897, of the British Columbia Statutes or its amendmenti, such  valuation to, be based on the value of the  Plant at the time of transfer as a going concern, and the value of the Coke business established, but no value shall bedetermined  asenuring'to the Company by .their possessing the franchise to distribute gas throughout  theCity.      .  15. The location of such works to be approved of by the City Council.  . 16. The rights, liberties and privilegesrnen-  tioned in thin By-law, subject to clause 14 shall  be exclusively enjoyed, save as , to the Coke  works, by the Company for a period of  twenty-ftye years. ���  17. A contract embodying the provisions ol  this By-law and a covenant on the part of the  Company to conform to and fulfil all the mat-  inspect  our   stock  of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furnishings.  ft  Take notice that, the above is a,true copy of  the proposed By-law, upon whic i the Vote of  the Municipality will be taken for the East  Wardat the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward, at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E. % Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day of May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon. (V  J. K. STRACHAN,  City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C, May 16,1899,  Corporation of the City of  Nelson.  NOTICE.  Take notice that the above is a true copy of  the'proposed By-law, upon which the vote of  the Municipality will be taken, for the East.  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on the;north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenav streets,  onE:^rx>Jf9,'Block 10; on Monday,* the 2<>th  day of May instant, .at 8 o'clock in th�� forenoon.  ' '     " " '   '    .  'J. K. STRACHAN.  ���''��� -        '   City (Jlerk,  Nelson, B. C, May 15/1809.  Corporation of the City of  Nelson.  ���Y-LAW NO. 33.  A By-law to Raise, the Sum of $15,000  Extend the Sewerage System.  to  ���Y-LAW HO. 44.  A B  y-law to- Raise $10,000 for the Erection  of Public Buildings.  the  De-  for  the  Whereas a Petition has been prepented to  the Municipal Council of the Corporation of  the City of Kelson, signed by the owners <>of at  least one-tenth of the value of the real property in the said City, as shown by 'the last revised 'Assessment Roll, requesting the said  Council to introduce a By-law to raise the sum  of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), for the purpose of erecting Public Buildings in the City  of Nelson or for extending and improving the  present buildings,  And whereas it is deemed expedient to borrow the said sum of ten thousand dollars (?10,-  000)'for the purposes aforesaid,   ' �����  And Whereas the whole amount of the rateable land of the said, City, according to. the  last revised Assessment Koll, is Eight Hand-  red and Mix Thousand Eight-Hundred and  Seventy dollars ($806,870.00) ;  And Whereas it will be necessary to raise  annually by rate the sum of Eight Hundred'  and Sixty dollars ($860) for payiag the said  debt and interest:  Now Therefore, the Municipal Council of  the Corporation of the City of >Tel��m enacts  as follows:��� "  1. It shall and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson to  borrow, upon the credit of the said Corporation, by way of the Debentures hereinafter  mentioned, from any person or persons, body  or bodies corporate, who may be willing to advance' the same as & loan, a turn ol* monov not  exceeding, in the whole, the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), and to cause all such  sums so raised or received to be paid into the  hands of the Treasurer of the said Corporation  for the purpose and with the object hereinbefore, reeitedy yv~.  2. It shall be lawful for the Ma.vor of  said Corporation to cause any number of  behtures to; be made* executed arid issued  such sum or'sumsas may be required for  purpose and object aforesaid, not exceeding  however, the bubi of ten thousand dollars($10,-  000), each.... of the said Debentures: being of  the denomination of one thousand dollars  ($1,000), and , all such Debentures shall be  sealed with the seal of the Corporation and  signed by the Mayor thereof.'  ^. The said Debentures shall bear date the  twenty-fifth day of JulyyA. D., 1899, and shall  be made payablein "twentyyears fromthe said  date, in lawful money of Canada, at the office of  the Bank' of Montreal in Nelson aforeisid,which  said place of payment shall be designated by the  said Debentures, and shall have attached to  them coupons for, the payment of interest, and  the signatures to the interest coupons may be  either written, stamped, printed or htho:  'graphed,- :���������''������. ;'��� ���.���:'���;' ��� :  4..The said Debentures shall bear interest at  the rate of five per centum per annum from the  date thereof, which interest shall be! payable  semi-annully at -said office of the Bank of  Montreal in Nelson aforesaid, in lawfulmbney  of Canada, on the twentieth day of January  and twentieth day of July respectively; in each  year during-the'currency thereof, and it shall  be expressed in said Debentures and coupons  to be so payable.  5. Itshallbe lawful for the Mayor of said  Corporation to negotiate and sell the said Debentures or any of them for leos than par, but  in ho case shall the said Debentures or any of  them be negotiated or sold for less than ninety-  five per centum of their face value, including  the cost of negotiating and sale, brokerage and  all other incidental expense?:  6. There shall be raised and levied in each  year during the currency of said Debentures  the sum of five hundred dollars ($500) for the  Sayment of interest and the sum of three hun-  red and sixty dollars ($360) for the payment of  the debt due under the said Debentures by a  rate sufficient therefor on all the rateable land  in the.��aid Municipality.  7. It shall be lawful Jfor the said Municipal  Council to re-pur(!hase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with the "legal holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof, either at the time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures so re-purchased shall forthwith be cancelled and destroyed, and no re-issue of Debentures so repurchased shall be made in eonse-  quence of such repurchase.  8. This By-law shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D. 1899. i  Whkrkas APErriTioif signed by the owners of at lea^t, one-tenth of .the value of the  real property-irt the"City"olJSTelson (as shown  by the last revised Assessment Roll) has been  presented to the Municipal Council oi the Corporation of theCity of Kelson, requesting tho  said Council to introduce a Bj'-law to rajse  the sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars ($15,000),  for the purpose of extending the Sewerage  System of the said City,  And "WnERKAS it isfdeemed expedient to  to borrow the said sum of Fifteen Thousand'  dollars ($15,000), for the purposes aforesaid,  And Whereas the whole amount of rateable land of the said City, according to the  last revised Assessment Roll, is Eight Hundred and Six Thousand, Eight Hundred and  Seventy dollars, (��80G,870):  And "Wkekkas it will be necessary to raise  annually by rate the sum of Twelve Hundred  and Ninety dollars (��1290) for paying said debt  and interest; - ' '    - -  Now Therefore, the Municipal Council  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts  as follows:  1. It shall be lawful for, the Mayor of the  Corporation of the City of Nelson to borrow,  upon the credit, of the said Corporation, by  way of the Debentures hereinafter mentioned,  froin any person or persons, body or bodies  corporate, who may be willing to advance  the same as a loan, a sum of money not exceeding, in the whole, the sum of Fifteen  Thousand dollars ($15,000), and to cause all  suoh sums so raised or received to be paid into  the hands of the treasurer of the said Corporu-  tion, for the purpose and witli the object hereinbefore recited.  2. It shall be lawful for the Mayor of thesaid  Corporation to cause any number of Debentures to be made, executed and issued for such  sum or sums as may be required for the purpose and object aforesaid, not exceeding, however, the sum of Fifteen Thousand dollars  (15,000); eachof the said. Debentures being of  denomination of One Thousand dollars yflOOO)  and all such Debentures shall be sealed with  the seal of the Corporation andsigned by the  Mayor thereof.  3. The said Debentures shall bear date the  20th day of July, A. D., 1899, and shall be made  payable in 20 years from the said date, in lawful -money of Canada,at the office of the Bank of  Montreal in Nelson a foresaid,which said plac��  of payment shall be designated by the said  Debentures, and, shall have attached to them  coupons for the payment of interest, and the  signatures to the interest coupons may be,  either written, stamped, printed or lithographed. ;-.;;-:y---..y., '  4. The said Debentures shall bear interest a J.  the rate of 5 per centum per annum1 from the ���  date thereof, which interest shall be payable  semirannually at. said office ^f the Bank  of Montreal in vNelson aforesaid, in  lawful mbh y of Canada on the 20th day of,  January and 20th day of July,respectively, in  each;year during the currency thereof, and it.  shall be expressed in said Debentures ana  coupons to be so payable.    v  5. It shall be lawfulfor the Mayor of thesaid  Corporation to negotiate and sell thesaid Debentures or any of them for less than par; but,  in no case shall the said Debentures or any oi  them be negotiated or sold for less than i>5 per  centum of their face value, including tne cost  of negotiating and sale, brokerage and :U1  other incidental expenses.  6. There shall be raised iind levied in cuon  year during the currency of said Debenture s  '.thesum of Seven"Hundred and'Fifty dollars  ($750) for the payment of interest, and the sum  of��� inveHundred and Forty dollars (S510) lor  the'payment of the debt- due under the said  Debentures by a rate sufficient then-for on  all the rateable land in the said Municipality.  7. It shall be lawful for the said Municipal  Council to re-purchase a ny of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with the legal holder or holders thorool. or  any part thereof, ei t her a i the time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debun-  tures so re-purchased .shal 1 be forthwith can- .  celled and destroyed, and no re-issue of Debentures so re-purchased shall be made in eosise-  quencc of such repurchase.  8. This By-law shall lake effect on the first  day of June, A.D. 189U.  NOTICE.  of  of  Take notice that the above is a taie copy  the proposed By-law, upon which the yot<  the Municipality will be taken, for the Easl  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine streer,  for the West. Ward at the office ol the Exchequer .Gold Mining Co.; on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E.J^.Lot9, Block 10; on Monday, the 20th  May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon.  J. K. STRACHAN,  .   City CU-rk.  Nelson, B. C, May 16,.1899.  day  'trft  msmsmmm THE ECONOMIST.  A   MODERN   PERSEUS.  fc-.  I  v.  si  g'  *3  IP.      '  They were three young ladies who, in accordance with the prevailing fashion of giving  , girls poetical name?, were Salamandra from  the Southwest, Evangeline from Boston, and  Eda Vanvert, whom no one could fail to discern  was of the New York swim. The locality was  the summer coast of the .United States.  Tempted by the surpassing beauty of the day  ��� they put  on  their  plainest sailor suits and  * strolled to a little bay, the beach of which lay  a crescent of golden yellow sand, that stretched  for a mile or two between two headlands, and  being some, distance from the hotel on- tha  Cliff was not visible from it. As they made  their promenade the skies overhead were cle'ar,  the- ocean, seemingly too lazy to heave, was  delicately blue; and the thin streak of foam  that  defined  the margin was not much more  , pronounced  than  the ,3cream of- champagne.  Not a living being was; visible, nor was there  a ;ahy object  to  attract  attention, excepting a  .boat with nobody in it drawn up on the beach  . iri'the'distance,. and secured to a grapnel. The  ��� seagulls poised gracefully, and sometimes one,  "diverging from its course, would shoot down  into ihe water and emerge with a fish in its  bill. No* sail was on the blue. /The,whole  scene was one of idyllic solitude.  A thought struck  Salamandra.    "Here are  ..we. miles away from the haunts of men.   How  delightful it wouldbe to pull off our boots and  paddle.in the water as we did  when children  .; under the-tyranny of a nurse,and when we dug  ���* pits in. the sand withjwoode^spades." The sug-  ��� gustion met with unanimous acceptance.    Sitting on a solitary boulder that had  no doubt  lain there since the glacial period, they doffed  their chaussure and ranged their tiny bottines  with their silken socks stuffed into them on  the 'gaunt grey stone. Then tripping to the  water's edge they tucked up their skirts and  went in. .  The" tide, being at full flood, had come up  on the s nds, making it shallow. for forty or  fifty yards out with a depth more than ankle  deep, and not above the knee. The water was  milk-warm and pleasant to plash about in.  For a time they paddled merriiy, throwing up  splashes with their white feet, and comporting  themselves like oceanides at play, until suddenly Eda, who was farthest out, uttered three  -..piercing shrieks! At the sound her com-  .panions fled to the shore and, safely from the  beach looking seaward, saw their friend swaying from side to side in a manner that emphasized the fine curves of her figure, but that she  seemed to be pulling from one side as  if  held  in a trap.  "Oh! what is it? what is it?" cried they.;  The reply came in agonized accents, "Something nas got me.'!  At this terrible announcement the other  ���; girls joined in the shrieks, all three sending a  '���'������: :vb.iiimef of shrill distress across the brine. 'Almost immediately the sound of heavy feet run^  ning on the sand became audible, and a man  in a yellow tarpaulin shovel-hat and yellow  pil-skin from throat to knee, with great  fish  ermen's boots projecting beneath, presented  himself with the curt inquiry, "What's up?^-  Receiving no reply he splashed his way out  to Miss Vanvert, and taking her by the arm,  ranged himself close to her side and began  stamping the water with his huge boots.  " I see how it is," he said to the frightened  girl, ^'you can't get your foot up, hey?" Here  he kneeled down on one knee in the. water and  continued, "What you have to do is to clasp  both your arms around my neck or across my  shoulder, if you like it. better."  Noticing that she hesitated at his free-and-  easy order, he added rather testily, "Well, if  you don't want to pose as another Andromeda  devoured by a sea monster, you can please  yourself." , ' t      ,    '  Hesitating no longer, she clasped both, her  hands across.his shonlder, whereon he went on  more genially, but still unsympathetically:  "I am going to plunge my arm down and  grasp the aggressor, whoever he is, by.the tail.  Put out all your strength and when I say  'lift' raise your foot and put it on ��my  knee."  "Lift!" , '  "'  ' Assisted by the man's hand she raised her  foot and placed it on his knee, but nearly  fainted with horror to see "that a horrible live  thing, seemingly all claws and nippers, and  of a dirty olive green'color,'had seized he;*,  delicate flesh, and was hanging on with it,s  diabolical-looking'pincers! ...  "Oh I what is it?" she gasped:   i{ I.t is what is called a crustacean, and' not  f  a large one either," he replied.     ' '    ,  "Is it venomous?"'she asked. The man  laughed. \  " I should say not, seeing .how you like to  eat him in a salad." '" /  While he spoke he drew from beneath his  oil-skin a long, cruel-looking, sheath, knife,  and the distracted girl did not know whether  he intended to fight the monster or to cut. off  her. foct. With one, sweep of the knife he  sheared off the other claw that was' blindly  groping about to/fasten on her, then, holding  the blade as a surgeon does a lancet, he with  the point revered the cartilage which formed  the hinge of the nipper-thumb, and that pin-  cer being disabled, was easily plucked off, and  the rest of the creature fell into the sea.  ," Now," said the modern Perseus, rising, "I  notice a boulder on the sand with a row of  boots a-top, which is, of course, your, dressing  place. Catch hold of my arm. Don't be  afraid to hold on tight. I am steady enough  on my pins."  "Are you a boatman?" asked Eda.  "Yes, lam a boatman," was the reply. "I  had hauled up my skiff, and was lying flat in  her reading the paper when your storm of  shrieks aroused me. I had often heard of the  American yell (the college yell, the Southern  yell, and so forth), but. had no idea it was such  a perfect thing until...'!', heard yours. Ear-,  splitting!    A thousand volts or thereabouts."  Miss .Vanvert felt ��� embarrassed. "������ She had  had no acquaintance with boatmen and  thought perhaps this was the. way they talked.  Having escorted her to the boulder and po  litely seated her, he addressed her  in master-  -ful=tones, "Remember you are my patient, and  I strictly forbid you to put on boot  or stocking, on that leg.  His language shocked Evangeline, the girl  from Boston, who murmured audibly, "Coarse  sea-brute!" a remark which he overheard and  understood.  '��� Quite-so," said he, "and aol will make the  best use'of my own legs and bring the young  lady a lotion'-that will do her good." So saying he set off in a run in.the direction of the  boat.  .. Said Eda reproachfully, "You need not  speak so unfeelingly, Evangeline, for I am  convinced he saved me from a horrible death."  The man reached his boat, and ' laying  one  hand on the gunwale vaulted in, but soon  reappeared and came with steps  to  the  ladies.  Producing a wicker-covered pocket-flask-he  poured into its silver cup a modicum of fluid  of a pale amber hue, and having presente_d__it^  to his patient said imperiously, "You are fain��. :  I insist-on yom drinking this, even at the risk...  of choking.!'   \ .  The girl obeyed and only managed to sputter between her chokes, "It���is���brandyP .  '���  -  " Not a bad.guess for you," said he.   "I will ,  . leave, it  with  you. : You  two  youngwotnan  keep - dabbing, the hurt   until all  sting and  numbness is gone."    Then  turning  his" eyes  on-his patient he added, "There is', not much  harm  done..  Within  two or  three  days.all  marks of the bruise will have faded. - Lucky  the creature did not nip that faint blue vein I  -noticed which harmonizes so delightfully with  the parian..   Now  I'm^orf  arid will send a .  coach." So saying the eccentric boatman, with,,*.,  a careless nod, walked away with long strides  towards the path which led to the hotel.  As soon, as he was out of sight the damsels  examined the dainty flask to find a name oh  it, but found only a small shield representing  a deer's head ana4 antlers engraved on the cup.  It wag a singular article for" a boatman to possess, but Salamandra settled', the matter by  - spying lie had no doubt stolen it.from some .  passenger he had had in the boat. ;;.  For a  few days' Miss Vanvert indulged'ih '  the little affectation of having been the. heroine of an adventure.   There were many speculations as to what kind  of  monster  attacked  her, till at length the concensus of opinion decided on a ground shark..  Just then the hotel  gave a grand reception, at which the lady, still  playing the part of wallflower  on   account  of  her reputed injury,' observed  Senator Small--  toes, the great gun of the period, approaching  in close conversation witn another gentleman.  The  other  gentleman  was  the   boatman, in  evening dress.    Opposite the young  lady  the  senator stopped, and after con ratulating  heron her escape asked  permission -to introduce ;  Sir Ivan Lerox, an English tourist of distiricy^  tion.    The lad-y blushed to the brow, while an  almost imperceptible smile on the face.,of the  gentleman alone betrayed that they had  met  before.    He sat down beside her and enjoyed a  long and interesting conversation, Eda taking  siarp . notice  that his language and manner  were totally void of the brusqueness  he had  ^Tri35*OTf'?!?3S"^  im^m&j^MWM&wtwz  K&4 THE ECONOMIST.  [r,  R  H  ..o>^  I'  ;yy  Ik  W'  shown on the sands. So well did they get on  together that, taking his arm, the young lady  led him to her chaperone, who invited him to  call at Mr. Vanvert's place on the Hudson.  Readers have'less prescience, than the writer  gives them credit for if they do not foresee that  when , springtime came the boatman of the  , sands took Eda Vanvert as his wife to England, where she reigned with much acceptance  as the Lady of Lerox Court. Sometimes when,  in accordance with the custom of the country,  a lobster au naturel boiled scarlet was placed  oh the board at supper, Sir Ivan, with a sly  glance at his wife, and rapping the shell of the  crustacean with a fork, would remark, "A  harrow escape, Eddy, from a horrible sea  monster."���Hunter Duvar.  MINES AND MINING  , The men at the Vancouver are now back  in the old workings in the mine doing development work, the surface water making further  work on the Mountain Boomer impossible.  At the Emily Edith group, the work on the  waggon road to the No 2 tunnel has been  suspended and the men are now at work  ground-sluicing for the ledge., on the. Silver-  ton Boy, one of the group.  : A nieeting will be held in Sandon on May  25th to, confirm the sale of the Payne mine  and t") issue the hew stock. , Half a million  shares will be retained as treasury stock the  capital being $3,000,000 in $1 shares.     .  The road up the Four-Mile creek is getting  into an almost impassable condition. Two  or three slides have come down over it and  at the canyon a mudslide has carried all the  crib work at this point into the creek. Here  only a path is left dangerous even for, a saddle horse.���Silvertonian.  Aid to Prospectors and Miners.  The capability of the prospector, in regard  to the. requirement to correctly name different  kinds of rocks and minerals is the greatest  test of his mineralogical knowledge. As  certain rocks are found associated with certain ores and minerals in paying quantity, a  knowledge of rock formation is essential to intelligent prospecting, says The Mining and  Metallurgical Journal. Prospectors' manuals,  guides and books generally give a chapter or  two on the determination of rocks and minerals. To the young prospector or to one  who has had but little experience in the practical part of mining, which is the sorting or  extracting of ore, to him the mineral contents  of ore bodies and veins are a serious puzzle,  and often tax the ability of those of still  greater experience. Even experienced miners and prospectors when in a new district or  class of minerals with which they are not  familiar, are often at a loss to give the correct  names to the rocks and minerals met with.  Two reasons may be given ior such a seemingly  unwarranted display of ignorance���the surface or altered condition of rocks and minerals  due to weathering or atmosperic change, and  the close resemblance which many rocks and  minerals havg to each other. The study of  such guides by prospectors and miners, along,  with elementary works on geology and miner-'  alogy, is a good means of educating the memory to retain such necessary' details in con-'  nection with their calling, which may at  some unexpected moment advance their business interests. When such reading is practiced aloud it educates the ear to the sound of  the names met with, and enables the memory  to retain such knowledge better than if only  the e}re glances along the lines. ' As impressions made on the mind thorough the vision  are more lasting, and at the same time create  more thought than those made from hearing  or through the medium of the ear, and as the  eye is the chief organ which is used in the  search for and defection of minerals, the  young prospector can best gain acquaintance  with strange and rare rocks, and minerals by  purchasing a correctly-named, and classified  collection of typical rock specimens and ores  of the common and rare metals and minerals.  A combined study of such reading matter,  accompanied by the close examination of the  rocks and minerals illustrated in a correctly-  named collection educates the eye and* makes  the discription in print perfect and more  easily understood and remembered. Such  knowledge can also be gaintd by visiting  museums and institutions where minerals are  classified and on view, and, consequently, such  exhibits have an educational value as well as  the desirable object of developing the mineral resources of the country.  Altin Miners Strike Back.  A syndicate of eighty-six " aliens," who  were excluded from the Altin mining district  by the action of the British Columbia Parliament, has been formed to bring suit against  the Canadian government for $15,050,000.  The case promises to be one of the most  celebrated in legal history and the syndicate  has thousands of dollars subscribed with  which to fight it. The damages are claimed ,  for property lost by the exclusion of the plaintiffs from the famous mining district.  Americans, Germans,  Swedes   and   other  aliens are included in the syndicate.   Several  Britishers have joined the syndicate  because  their partners were driven out of the country  by the laws.  The charge of violation of contract will be  brought against the Dominion Government.  Each alien claims $175,000 damages. They  consider that a fair estimate of the profits  they would have gained by the development  of their mining properties.  The miners hold free miners' licenses issued  them by the Canadian Government. These  licenses give them the right to prospect and  mine in British Columbia. Thty also hold  certificates of location duly issued to tnem by  Dominion officials before the passage of the  ���alien law. .���������;'������ -;  Gen. Barnes, of j[ San Francisco,  a  noted  criminal lawyer, has been retained by the  syndicate. Opinions have been Eecured from  many prominent attorneys that the syndicate  has a good case. , Gen. Barnes is noted for the  aggressiveness with which he pushes his legal  cases'; and the fight for millions will be commenced at once.  The case will be fought on the ground that  the Canadian Government has no more right  to violate a contract with an individual than  it has with a nation, or than individuals have  among themselves^ The miners'licenses entitle the holder to mining privileges for one  year, and the certificates ' of location entitle  them to the claims located.  The case will eventually be taken up by a  joint commission appointed  by the several  governments whose subjects are excluded from  the Atlin country.   This will make the case ,  of international importance. ���  Old Timers.  R. E; Goshell, writing in the Vancouver  World, says: Kamloops is, of all places in  the interior, the best expression of old-time ,  influences, if we except, perhap8, Ashcroft and  points on the Cariboo stage line. What I  mean by that is that there is an atmosphere  of the past, a, great many of the old hands being in evidence. -It is difficult to explain  quite clearly my meaning, but those who  travel about the country will understand.  Kamloops and vicinity has not yet been made  amenable to the influences which control the  newer towns. Among the old-timers there -is  a bond.of fellowship, a sort of masonry, and  that spirit of abandon and indifference to, con-  ventionalities that mark them out .distinctively. ,:  , There is the peculiarity about them that  they have apparently as much contempt for  each other as possible. I never yet spoke to  an early British Columbian about some other  well-known pioneer"buTl" was informed that  " he is the biggest liar in British Columbia,"  and yet they all have a common contempt for  the newcomer or "chechaco," and express a  certain amount of cordiality with each other  when they meet, proving the truth of Bobbie  Burns' statement that "A man's a man for a'  that and a' that." With the old-timer enthusiasm has oozed out and gone years ago. His  early experience here knocked all sentiment  out of him, and he takes things in a matter-  of-fact, go-as-you-please way. There is more  or less cynicism in the composition of all  pioneers. They enjoy a game of "seven-up"  or "crib" and their daily tipple as a matter of  habit, and as for the rest it is a case of "sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." No  one ever saw one of them excited.  " Can dog3 find their way home from a distance ?" is a question frequently asked. It's  according to the dog. If it's one you want to  get rid of, he can find his way back from Africa. If it's a good one, he's apt to get lost if  he goe3 round the corner. THE ECONOMIST.  m  ���:.��;:  tmt  m  -; %  m  1-  as  ���m  ��� ttf  CORPORATION  OF THE CITY OF NELSON  mv.  Hlj  JKvJ'  I  mr  in;  ���"B^-L^W   3SJ O- , 42  A by-law  respecting an Electric  Street  Railway in the City of Nelson.  Whereas, Thomas J. Duncan and Francis W. Peters, both of the City of Nelson  (representatives of the British Electric  Traction Company, Limited), hereinafter  called the "applicants," have applied to  the City of Nelson for the right of constructing, equipping, maintaining and  operating street railway lines in the City  of Nelson, and.  Whereas, the applicants have applied  for the authority, right and privilege to  build, equip j maintain and operate, and  from time to time remove and change, a  double track or single track railway or  tramway, with all necessary sidetracks,  switches and turnouts, poles, wires, conduits, and all appliances for the running  of cars, carriages and other vehicles on,  over and along the streets or highways  of the City of Nelson, and  Whereas, it has been deemed advisable  to grant the request of the said applicants, subject to the terms and conditions, and provisoes hereinafter contained,  and on the distinct agreement that the  fulfilment of said terms, conditions and  provisoes insofar as the same are prior  in point of time to construction and  operation of such railway line or portion  thereof shall be conditions precedent to  the construction and operation thereof,  and insofar as the terms and conditions  hereinafter: contained relate to the operation, conduct and management of said  railway .lines or system, or any part  thereof, the same and the fulfilment of  the same, shall in all cases be conditions  precedent to the continued enjoyment of  the rights and privileges of the appli-  ' cants under this By-law.  Now, therefore, the Municipal Council  . of the Corporation of the City of Nelson  . enacts as follows:  1. Subject to the fulfilment by the applicants of the terms, conditions and  provisoes hereinafter contained, which  terms, conditions and provisoes and the  due fulfilment thereof are to be taken as  hereinbefore stated as conditions precedent to the enjoyment' of the rights and  privileges hereby granted, the applicants  are hereby given and granted the exclusive right and privilege to construct and  maintain, complete and operate double  and single track railways or tramways,  and from time to time to change a  double to a single track railway or  tramway, and vice versa, with the  necessary sidetracks, switches, turnouts,  poles, wires, conduits and all appliances  for the running of cars, carriages and  other vehicles adapted to the same on,  over and along any of the streets or highways of the City of Nelson, and to run  their cars, take, transport and carry passengers and freight on the same, by electric power or such other power as may  be found practicable, but such power  other than electric power shall, before  being used, be first approved of by the  City Council.  2. The lines of said railway are to be  built, equipped and operated subject to  the following regulations, and the applicants are to conform thereto:  (a) The applicants before entering on  any street to construct any line of railway shall make application to the city  for permission so to do, naming the street  or streets across or along which they desire to operate their works, and before in  any way proceeding with the work shall  receive the approval of the City Council.  (b) The construction of any line of railway on any street or highway shall not  be commenced until a plan thereof showing the location on street, position and  style of track, road bed, rails, poles,  wires, and all other appliances shall have  been submitted to and approved by the  City Engineer.  (c) No approval either of the City Council or the City Engineer shall have any  force or effect if the railway line^for  which the same has been given has not  been fully constructed and in operation  , within twelve months from the time of  such approval. ���  (d) The location on streets, the position, style and guage of the tracks, road,  bed, rails, poles, wires, and all other appliances shall conform to< and agree with  the plans approved by the City Engineer,  and the guage shall be the standard  guage (4 feet 8J inches).  (e) No new line or extension of existing line shall be opened for traffic until  the applicants have obtained a certificate  in writing from the City Engineer that  the same has been constructed to his satisfaction, subject to appeal from the decision, of the City Engineer in the event  of refusal to grant such certificate.  (f) The overhead or trolley system is  to be adopted.  (g) All poles erected shall be so placed  as to interfere as little as possible with  all other uses of said streets, and both  material and workmanship of said poles  shall be of first class quality, and on all  graded streets said poles shall be painted;  the applicants shall have the  use of all  , electric light poles owned by the city for  street railway purposes, provided the  same are properly braced and protected  by the applicants, with the approval of  the City Engineer.  (h) The coaches and cars to be used on  the said line of railway shall be of the.  most modern style and construction, suitable for the safety and comfort of the  passengers; shall when in operation be  always sufficiently heated and lighted,  and shall have painted on conspicuous  parts thereof in large plain letters, so  that the same may be readily seen by day  or night, the route or street on which the  same are to be opierated,-  (i) Each car is to be in charge of a uniformed conductor, who shall clearly announce the names of crossl streets as the  cars reach them. Conductors shall only  receive and discharge passengers on the  right or curb side of the cars on double  track routes. Cars are not to be overcrowded (a comfortable number of passengers for each class of cars is to be determined by the City Engineer and approved of by the City Council). Cars  shall be stopped at every cross street  clear of such cross street for taking up or  letting off passengers; provided no car  shall be required to stop at such cross  stret unless signalled by a person or persons desiring to board such car, or by a  person or persons on such car desiring to  be let off. Cars are to commence running  daily on all routes not later than 6.30  a. m., and to run until lip. m., and each  day at least 15 cars shall be run each way  on each route, and when a census taken  by the City shows that the  City has a  -- population of 12,000, then at such intervals between 6 a. m. and 11 p. iri. as the  City Engineer, with the approval of the  City Council, may from time to time determine.  (j) The tracks of said railway line shall  be laid, on streets improved and graded,  so that carriages and other vehicles may  easily travel over and across at any or  all points thereof with the least possible  obstruction, and on streets not constructed according to any established  grade the said tracks of said railway  lines may be temporarily laid, but shall  be so constructed as not to interfere with  or obstruct the crossings of any streets  intersected by said line, and on such  streets between such intersections the  said railway shall be laid so as to impede  as little as possible traffic thereon, and  according to plans approved of by the  City Engineer; and as soon as such streets  are graded, the said tracks shall be altered to conform to such grade, at the  expense of the applicants, and thesaid  tracks shall then be so laid that carriages  and other vehicles may easily travel over  or across them.  (k) Upon streets which are not yet improved and opened up by the City of  Nelson the tracks of said railway lines  may be temporarily laid n according to  plans approved of by,the City Engineer,  and may be thereafter altered by the applicants, and the City of Nelson will assist the applicants by paying one-half  the cost of clearing trees and stumps and  ditching such portion of *the. streets as  may be required to be so cleared and  ditched, or, at the option of the City,  such work may be done by the City and  one-half of the cost thereof shall be defrayed by the applicants, and should the  applicants require to do such work in  connection with the opening up of such  streets, the city will give the applicants  the free use of earth and rock on the.  streets which they may need for ballast  or otherwise, and which in the opinion of  the City Council is not required by the  city for street purposes; but such material is not to be t taken so as to bring  the streets below the grade as established  for such street or streets.  (1) Ordinary carriages and other vehicles may travel on, over and across the  said tracks, and it shall be lawful for all  and every person and persons whomsoever  to travel upon and use the said tracks  with their carriages or other vehicles,  loaded or empty, "when and so often as  they may please, provided they do not  impede or interfere with the cars of the  applicants running thereon, and subject  at all times to the right of the said applicants to keep upon the tracks with their  cars when meeting or overtaking any  carriage or other vehicle thereon. The  cars of the applicants shall be entitled to  the right of way on said tracks, and any  vehicle, horseman or foot passenger upon  said tracks shall turn out on the approach  of any car so as to leave the said tracks  clear; due warning beiug given at the  intersection of streets of the approach of  said car by the ringing of a gong or  bell. <     .  (m) Said applicants shall at all times  maintain the ties, stringers, rails, turnouts, curves, sidetracks, poles, wires and  conduits in a state of thorough efficiency  and to the satisfaction of the City Engineer, and shall remove, renew and replace the same as circumstances may require and as the City Engineer may direct. ^  (n) Said applicants shall at all times"  keep so much of the graded streets occupied by their said lines of railway as may  lie between the rails of every track and  between the lines of every double track  and for the space of eighteen (18) inches  on the outside of every track in good repair   cleared   of   snow, ice    and   other THE ECONOMIST  1  t)  ..j  ;>������.  *>  ^  obstructions, and shall cause the snow,  ice and other obstructions to be removed  as speedily as possible, the snow and ice  to be spread over the balance of the street J  so as to afford a safe and unobstructed  passage way for carriages and other vehicles. Should the City Engineer at any '���  time consider that the snow or ice so obstructing the said portions of the said  streets has not been properly or as speedily as possible removed from or about the  tracks of the said railway lines or not  properly or as speedily as possible spread  over the said streets, he may cause the  same to be removed or spread as aforesaid  and charge the expense thereof to the said  applicants, who shall at once pay the  same to the city. If, however, the City  Engineer is of the opinion that such snow  or ice should be removed entirely from  the streets so as to afford a safe passage  for sleighs and other vehicles, the said  applicants shall at once do so at their  own expense and charge, or in case of  their neglect the City Engineer may do  so and charge the expense to them, and  they shall pay the same.  (o) The Mayor, the Chief of Police or  the Chief of the Fire Department of the  said   City   may   order a  suspension of  the running of the cars on the streets  used by said lines of railway, or any of  them, as he or they may deem necessary  during any fire on such street or streets.  In case of fire the Chief of the Eire Brigade, or all officers of the city authorized  by the Mayor, may cut or pull down any  wires, poles, structures or appliances used  to operate the cars  on said lines, or any  of them, or incidental thereto, and neither  the city nor such officers shall be liable  for any loss or damage resulting from the  cutting or pulling down thereof, but shall  only be liable for the  actual cost or expense of repairing or replacing the same.  The members of the Police or Fire Departments of the City of Nelson, when in uniform, and the policemen and detectives  exhibiting a badge, are to be carried free  of charge on all of ^the street cars operated by the said applicants.  (p) The line of railway of the applicants, for the conveyance of passengers, shall be operated daily, and should  the said railway cease to be operated at  any time for a period of two (2) months  in any one year, the applicants shall lose  all rights and privileges hereby granted  under this by-law. Such failure to operate  the said railway lines during said period  mentioned is not to cause a forfeiture  of the franchises and privileges hereby  granted, if the same should result from  failure to obtain electric power, or from  any other cause for which the applicants  are not in any way liable.  3. Single cash fares are not to be more  than ten (10) cents each, and fares on any  cars operated after eleven p. m. are not  to be more than double the ordinary  maximum single fare. A class of tickets  must be sold at not less than twelve (12)  for one dollar. School children are to have  the right to buy tickets at a rate not exceeding six (6) for twenty-five cents, to  be used only on school days between the  hours of eight a. m. and five p. m. A  ticket shall be deemed a fare. A class of  tickets must be sold to bona fide workmen at the rate of twenty (20) for one  dollar, the same to be used only by workmen when travelling on the cars between  the time the ears commence running in  the morning and eight a. m., and between  6 p. m. and 7.30 p. m., such tickets to be  sold only at the offices of the Company within theCity of Nelson to bona fide workmen,  who must state their names and occupa  tion, and comply with other reasonable  conditions. The classes of tickets above  named, except workmen's tickets, shall  be kept for sale on the cars of the applicants at all times. In case of failure to  supply such tickets for purchase by passengers, then said passengers shall be carried free until such tickets are provided.  4. The  applicants shall have the right  to charge and collect from  every i>erson  on entering  any of their cars a fare, and  any person refusing to pay such fare may  be removed from  the car.    The. rate of  fare for each passenger traveling on any  one of the said lines shall not exceed ten  cents, including ordinary hand baggage,  except on night cars as above provided;  provided that no fare shall be required  for a child under five years of age while  travelling in the care of an older person,  and provided that when the same passenger travels over two or more streets or  , lines in the City there shall be but one  fare for the whole  distance so travelled,  and the applicants  ^heii desired by passengers shall issue transfer tickets at the  point of connecting or  crossing  line to  any passenger who has paid one fare on  any line,operated by the applicants iii the  City of Nelson, which transfer check shall  entitle the   passenger   so receiving the  same to a passage on any connecting or  crossing line operated by said applicants=  in said City.   A passenger shall be entitled to as many .transfers for one fare  as shall be necessary to allow one continu-  ��� ous trip or passage over the lines of the  railway from any  one  point on the said  lines within the  City  of Nelson to any  other point on their said lines within the  City, and  such  transfer  checks shall be  used only by the person receiving the  same, and shall" be used within ten minutes, or upon the next available car departing  upon  a connecting  or  crossing  line upon which it is to be used.  5. The property of the applicants, consisting of real estate used in the operation of their railway and necessary for  such purpose, road bed (which shall include also the rails, poles, ties and any  part or share of the pavement which has  been constructed by the applicants) shall  be exempt for the space of ten (10) years  from municipal' taxation, and no municipal taxes or licenses shall be levied or  collected from the applicants during said  period upon said property, or for operating and carrying on said railway.  6. Whenever the City of Nelson decides  to pave any street or highway traversed  by any of such railway lines the applicants shall at the same time pave in a  similar manner, or in such other manner &  as may be approved by the City Engineer  (provided that such pavement shall not  be of a more expensive kind than that  adopted by the City) those parts hereinafter referred to, and in case any streets  in which the applicants shall lay a railway track shall have been paved previous  to the laying of such track the appli-  , cants shall upon laying their track, re-  ��� pave the same  and keep in repair the  same as hereinafter provided.   The parts  referred to shall be:  In case of a single track: between the  rails and eighteen inches on each side of  them.  In case of a double track: between both  sets of rails and eighteen inches on each  side outside of both tracks and between  each inside of both tracks commonly  known as the "devil" strip.  The parts referred to as aforesaid shall  be kept constantly in good repair by the  said applicants, who shall also construct  and keep in good repair crossings of similar nature to those adopted by the City  within the limits aforesaid at the intersection of every railway track and cross  street. In case the" City . Engineer considers that the paving or repairing of  pavement on streets within the lines  above mentioned has not been properly  or sufficiently done, the City may direct  that the work may be done and completed under the. directions of the City Engineer, and in such cases all expenses and  charges to which the City has been put  shall be forthwith paid to the City by  the . applicants, it being the understanding that any question as to whether  repairs are necessary or have been properly done by, the City shall be subject to  the decision of the City Engineer.  The City shall upon reasonable notice  of their intention so to do, have the right  to take up and replace the streets  , traversed by the railway line for the purposes of altering the grades thereof, constructing or repairing pavements, sewers, ��  drains or conduits, or for laying down or  repairing water or gas pipes, and for all  other purposes within the powers of the  Corporation, the same being replaced by .  and at the expense of the City without  being liable for any compensation, or  damage that may be occasioned to the  working of the railway or the works connected therewith, and such work shall  not be unnecessarily delayed, but shall be  carried on and completed with all reasonable speed, regard being had to the proper and efficient execution thereof.  The privilege granted under this section is also subject to any existing rights  (statutory or otherwise) of any other corporation which now has or hereafter  shall have power to open or take up  streets of the City, such rights to be  exercised with the permission and under  the direction of the City Engineer.  7. The applicants shall commence the  actual building and equipping of their  lines of railway in the city within a  period of four (4) months after the final  passage of this by-law, and such construction shall be thereafter carried on continuously and diligently until the applicants  shall have completed at least two miles of  their line of railway in the City of Nelson, and shall any question arise as to  whether said railway is being; constructed continuously and diligently the city  engineer shall have the power to decide  upon said question, and his decision shall  be binding upon the applicants unless appealed from as hereinafter mentioned.  All repair and construction shops, offices,  car sheds or barns and general buildings  (except power house) used by the applicants in the operation of the railway  shall be within the limits of the City.  8. The applicants shall be liable for  and shall indemnify the city for all  damages arising out of the construction  or operating of their railway.  9. The Council may, after the year  1900, by written notice served upon the  applicants, or any one of them, or any  one of their officers or agents resident in  the City, or any person whom they shall  by written notice to the City designate  to represent them, to receive notices or  process, demand the construction of any  new line or lines within the City limits  on any street or streets as hereinafter  provided. Line or lines must be designated as to the route and terminus,  and must extend from line to lines already in operation. At the date of such  notice there must be an average actual  bona fide resident population of at least  *~~     ~       \ Continued on PageQ. J~~~" *"��JCrnrW*#'l!*��.Wl**0*JA*/����ie"^ -1  8  THE   ECONOMIST  "���a  H  '4  til  I*  m  si  ii  I  i  ii  i  1  P��  is���  I.  !-#  i  isa''  i,  I if?.  M.  Was it Legerdemain bi* Hypnotism?  His name was not Roberts,  which is good enough reason for  calling him, tha��.here. There was  nothing strange 6r weird in his  appearance or general behavior,  says the Coast paper, but he did  one-hypnotic turn,, as tbemusic-  hal��phrase is, that mystified;, his  fellow ranchers to the verge, of  lunacy "until they got used to, it.  Roberts was one of a little group  , of college-bred men who, some  from choice and some from example,  have located claims in Mason  County, Washington. There is a  postomjce at Lake Cushman and a  tri-weekiy, mail by stage from the  Sound, nine miles distant. "Put"  is tie postmaster. His name was  Putnam originally, and he is a  ,, Trinity man. He has a large ranch  at the lake and a summer hotel,  where people come for the fishing.  Here the men gather for their mail,  usually lingering for a smoke and  a yarn, and it was here that Roberts began his mysterious perform-  ahces.  /. One, day when the men met at  the postoffice the conversation  turned to spiritualism, mind read-  . irig, thought transference and the  like. It was agreed that the whole  thing was rubbish���flubdub, as  they say in Georgia. If there was  anything in it, why didn't  spiritualists make millions in  wheat and stocks? Why did  sears invariably live in cheap  lodgings which smelled of boiled  cabbage? Not one of them ever  made a cent except what their  weak-minded dupes paid them.  Roberts slid off the table and  said he'd be going.  "By the way," he remarked, "I  got a $10 gold piece in Hoodsport  yesterday that looks funny. I'm  afraid it's counterfeit."  r He handed a small round object  to the man nearest him. Several  heads bent over it, and ^passed it  from on�� hand to another.  ; "It's all.right.   Nothing the matter with that," was the verdict.  "Thanks," said Roberts, taking  it back and throwing it on the  table. The men then saw that what  they had taken for a $10 gold piece  was a common iron washer off a  wagon, wheel. It was rusty and  battered, and it had a hole in the  middle. Of course they declared  with one voice that they had been  nim:nammed.  ."It -was   mere   slight-of-hand,"  they said.  "No* it  was flubdub," answered  Roberts. - i  Preserve Your Eye��sight.  PATENAUDE BROTHERS  Optical Department is A. 1.  In Every Respect.    A Specialty Made of Adjustment of'Glasses.    Have Your Eyes Examined by an Expert and Prevent Loss of Eye-sight.   The Eye is the Most Sensitive Organ,  and Should not be Neglected.  In Watches We Have the Best of Everything.  Waltham,  Elgin  and   Dueber=Hampden.  OUR STOCK OF JEWELRY IS WELL ASSORTED.  PATENAUD BROS.,  Baker Street,  Nelson, B. Xi.  smoke "ROYAL SEAL" cis^  OUR OTHER BRANDS.  Kootenay Bell, Little  Gem, Blue Buds, Ves-  talias, Bonnie Fives.  ALL UNION HADE.  <��)  ���'".'���.li  ...Kootenay Cigar Mfg. CO'Y...  P.O. Box   126.  Telephone 118.  The door opened, and two other  ranchers came in.  "Hello!" cried Roberts. "What  do you.fellows think of this $10  piece?   Is it queer?"  He handed them the washer, and  they examined it carefully, weighing it in their hands and turning it  over several times.  "Don't see anything queer about  that,;' they agreed.  The trick was repeated a dozen  times with unfailing success. No  one was deceived a second time,  and most of them declared they  wern't really in earnest, or the  light was bad, or something of the  sort. The average victim has an  excuse to offer. The affair was the  sensation of the winter, and then  something else turned up and it became a back number.  "The next fall Roberts and two  others of the Lake Cushman fraternity ran over to Yictoria for a  little celebration. One of the men  returned from a walk down  town  and told Roberts that he had been  "stringing old Williams, the tobacconist, about that act of yours with  the washer." The said Williams  discrediting the story as absurd  he had bet two pounds of tobacco  against the retail price thereof that  the tobacconist himself would be  fooled by the identical washer before the week was out.  Accordingly, the next morning  Roberts strolled into old Williams11  shop, where he was not known,  bought a box of Neb-kas for $3,  handed over the washer, took $7  in change and walked out.  The British sense , of humor, as  everybody knows, is sadly deficient,  and old Williams, when he discovered the washer in his till, was  filled with wrath. He promptly  notified the police, and Roberts'  friends had to bail him out of jail  about 11 o'clock that night.  The court room rang with laughter at the trial next day, and the  magistrate said that any man who  couldn't tell an iron washer from a  gold   piece   deserved to   lose   his  money.   However, it was his duty  to discourage confidence games, and  he would have to fine the gentleman $10, the amount representing  a kind of poetic justice.   The fine  was paid at once, the magistrate  sarcastically warning the clerk not  to accept any old iron by  mistake.  The Americans hurried out of the  court   room   amid. smiles.    After  they had gone the  horrified  clerk  picked up the iron washer and gave  it to the  judge   without   a  word.  The police found  them  that evening   dining   with   some    English  friends at The Poodle Dog.   They  were allowed to finish their dinner,  but   they   were   notified  that the  Charmer left for Vancouver at half- \  past ten, and that they would have  to leave town.  Lipton's teas, 60c to 75c.   Morrison  k Caldwell.  If you want the choicest brands and  blends of tea and coffee, -go to Morrison-  & Caldwell.  mmmUiHJWiamitiBliaEBGBB THE ECONOMIST.  9-  C ontinucd from Page 7.  t ---j  >  U',>  five hundred persons of above five years  of age, for each half mile of proposed line,  living Avithin a distance of one quarter of  a mile on each side thereof, and not within one-eighth of a mile of any. .parallel  line already in operation, that is: an  average of five hundred for each quarter  ��� square onile,  measured  as   above.    The  ��� applicants shall construct and operate  such new line or lines within- twelve  months from such notice. A bona fide  commencement must be made within  such reasonable time as may be fixed by  the Council when giving notice.  10.. The -applicants, shall, within four  months after the final passage of this bylaw deposit with the City Treasurer  two, thousand ($2,000) dollars to be retained by  the  City as  security for  the  ��� payment of any damage that may result  to the City  from the  commencement  of  .    the ..building   of such   railway,   and   a  failure  to   complete  said  two  miles  as  hereinbefore   provided,  and   in  case  of  such failure  to  complete  the said two  miles within the time hereinbefore limit-  .  _ed, the City shall repay to the applicants  the said sum of two thousand dollars and  interest at the rate of 5 per .cent per  annum;, less any damages payable as aforesaid.    Upon completion of such two miles  . of railway said sum of two thousand dol- ,  lars-shall be repaid to said applicants, or  . their assigns, with interest in  the mean-  ' time  at  the  rate  of, five per cent, per  annum.  '11. If the  applicants comply, with the  provisions of ;this By-law and shall operate the said line or lines of railway in ac-   . cordance with the same they shall be entitled to enjoy the rights, and  privileges   '  - granted under this By-law exclusively for  the term of thirty-five (35) years; and at  the expiration thereof the City of Nelson  may on* giving one year's notice of their  intention so to do, assume the ownership  of the said railway and personal property  ia  connection  therewith  of evei-y kind  and description upon payment of the full  value of the same, including the value of  a'jy pavement made or done by or at the  expense of the applicants, to be determined by arbitration, and in ..consideration  such   value   the   franchise,   rights   and  p .'ivileges granted under this By-law, and   -  the revenue, profits and dividends deriv-  e:l, or likely to be derived, are not to be  taken into consideration, but the arbitrators are to consider only the actual value  of   the   actual' and   tangible   property,  plants, equipments  and works connected  with and  necessary to the  operation of  the  said  railway, including   such  pavements, if any, and  after  the end  of the  said term of said thirty-five shears the City  shall have the right at -the end of each  succeeding five (5) years to take over, assume and purchase the said  lines of railway and railway   system, and   all   the  plants,  appliances   and  other   property  connected   therewith   upon   the    terms  hereinafter mentioned, provided for as to .  arbitration, and  the  notice  required  in  such  case  shall be one year,  and until  such assumption and purchase the rights  and privileges are to be extended  to the  applicants   beyond   the   said period   of  thirty-five   years, on and subject to the  terms and conditions herein contained.  12. After the expiration ��>f fifteen years  of the said .thirty-five years the City of  Nelson may-for fifteen years thereafter  at any time on-giving one. year's notice  of their intention to do so, assume the  ownership of the railway and all real and ;  personal property in connection with the j  working ; thereof of every kind and de-    ' j  scription  as a going  concern upon paj^-  ment of the, full value  of the same, including the value of the pavement made  or done by or at  the expense  of the applicants, to be determined, by. arbitration,  ; ��� and  shall   upon  the expiration  of such  year's notice pay to the applicants in addition to the  actual value  of the  actual  and tangible property, plants, equipments *  and   works   connected    therewith    and  necessary to the operation of the railway  a further sum of five  years'  prospective  profits in   connection  with,,the  business  as a going concern, and  such five  years'  prospective" profits shall bo arrived at by  calculating   the   average  pro/its  of the  railway  three  years  previous from  the  date of such assumption and  three years"  from    and    after    the    date   of    such  assumption, and such  prospective pro/its  so to be paid shall be  deemed to include  all rights, benefits and  advantages   conferred  under the  franchise granted by  this By-law.       ���       ,  13. The  decision of the City Engineer  withresoect'to the provisions of sub-sections "F," "G,-" "II," "i," "J,"-and "N" of  section two (2) of1 this By-law-shall be final '  and conclusive, subject only to appeal to  the City Council, and  shall any dispute  arise between the ..City and the applicants  with reference to the carrying out of any  other portion   or   portions  of the provisions of this By-law, or should there be  an appeal from the decision of the  City  Engineer .with  respect   to the carrying  out of any  other portion or  portions of  the provisions of this  By-law, then.such  dispute or appeal shall be settled  by arbitration, and "such arbitration .shall  he  conducted by three" arbitrators, one to be  chosen by each of the parties hereto; and '  the third to bev appointed  by the two  so  chosen  as  aforesaid.     In  the   event  of  k either-party hereto failing,,neglecting or  refusing to choose an arbitrator  for  fif-'  teen days after being requested  in" writing  by   the other   party   to do-so, then  the   party    who' makes    such -request  shall- appoint   the   arbitrator' for   and  on   behalf   of the 'party' so failing, neglecting ' or refusing  as  aforesaid,   and  in  the  further   event  of the  said  two  arbitrators  being unable   or failing   to  agree upon the  said third  arbitrator for  one week after  their said   appointment,  or the appointment  of one of them who  was last appointed then  such third  arbitrator  shall  be chosen.and' appointed .  by the Chief Justice for the time being of  the  Supreme  Court  of the Province of  British Columbia, or in  the event of the  Chief Justice being sick, absent from the  province or otherwise .unable or refusing  to act, then such'third arbitrator shall be  appointed  by the  senior judge  of  said  court.    Tlie decision or award of any two  of the. said arbitrators shall be final, such ���  arbitration to bo  in other  respects  governed by the provisions  of the. Arbitration  Act, Chapter 9 of the British  Columbia  Statutes   of 1897,"or its  amendment.  14. Any person or-persons-who shall in  any way or manner wilfully obstruct the  free passage of cars on and along the  track or tracks upon any of the applicants' lines of raihyay shall be liable upon  conviction before the City Police Magistrate, the Mayor or any Justice or Justices  of the Peace having jurisdiction, to a fine  not exceeding twenty dollars and costs  for.each offence and in default of payment  of the said fine and Costs to be imprisoned in any police station or lock-up house  in the said City for a period not exceeding twenty-one days, unless :such penalty  and Costs shall have been sooner paid.  3 5. The City will not, during the currency of this franchise grant any permit}  or franchise to any person or persons or  corporation for the operation of a street  car system in ' the City, or in any way  authorize... the -. construction*-of a street  railway system by any other person or  persons or corporation.  10. The City hereby consent to this Bylaw being ratified  by   the Legislature of  the Province of British Columbia,'and so  long as the  applicants   comply witli  the  terms of this By-law will not consent to,  nor approve of, or confirm, or in any way'  assist any  other  party  or  company  or  corporation in obtaining  from the Legislature any, lights Or; privileges to  enter  upon'or occupy any of the streets  of the  0 City of Nelson for the jmrposri of opera t- ���  ing a street railway system.    The cost of- .-  legislation  to be paid   by the applicants".;,"  17.. All.provisions of this By-law shall  apply to  any extension  oF this  railway...  beyond the limits'of  the City,  or any,  line or linos acquired,  owned, controlled  or operated with or adjoining a city line  or. lines when such streets or routes come  within the limits of the City of Nelson.   -  ��� 18.'All    rights   and   privileges  under'1  this  by-law" may  be  transferred to  and  become.vested,in a company to be form-  ..  ed and-^organized by the "applicants  and  their associates,and such transfer and all  ���    benefits "and  obligations1 arising   under  this By-law shall be transferred to the said  company, which shall thereupon  become  and be liable in the place of the applicants  for the  proper carrying out and fulfilment'of this By-law.  19. .Nothing in this By:law shall be  " construed as giving the applicants any  right,to utilize or dispose of power for  any'other "purpose than the operation of ,  their raihvay or incidental thereto, or to  permit any person or corporation supply-  , ing them with power to have any such  rights. ���'���;,.'  , 20. A contract embodying the provisions hereof, and a covenant on tlie  part of the applicants to conform to and  fulfil all the matters and provisions hereby required of them, shall be drawn and  shall be executed by the city and the applicants within four (i) months from the  passing of this by-hvw.  2.1. .In bins By-law the expression "City"  shall  mean' the City  of "Nelson;   "City  Council"  the City Council of the City of  Nelson; -'City Engineer," the Engineer of   '  the .City of Nelson, and the word "appli  cants" shall include, refer' to  and  be  in  every way binding  upon the applicants, A  their and each  of their  heirs, executors,^  administrators and' assigns where named  and mentioned  in  connection with  the  word" applicants," wherever the same occur in this By-law, and sha 11 also wherever  referred to be binding in every way upon  a company to  be formed and  organized  ; by the applicants and their associates.  Done and passed in council at the city  of Nelsou,  the day  of A. D.,1899.  NOTICE.    ���  Take notice that the above is a true  copy of the proposed By-law, upon which  the vote of the Municipality will be taken  for the East Ward at the Fire Hall, on  Josephine street; for the West Ward, at  the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining  Co., on north side of Baker street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets, on  E. �� Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day of May instant, at 8 o'clock in the  forenoon.  J. K. STRACHAN,  '��������� City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C., May 16, 1899, _!���=- ��-a -,i.A*w*itUfc*. rt*ul-*.��V *W-;iJ  10  THE   ECONOMIST  I!'  'II  is I'  ir  -���81  I  III  IMP-  IP-*  Mr'  be k-  Pi!!:-  'l|r  IS  ii  rails  III  SHORT STORIES.  An indifferent pleader asked  Catullus if he had not succeeded  in making a very moving speech^  " Certainly," said he, " for some of  your audience pitied you, and the  rest walked but of court."  T KOOTENAYB  On one occasion a man said to  Charles Lamb : "Don't you hate  So-and-so ?" " How could I hate  him ? Don't I know him ? I  never could hate anyone I knew."  His deep knowledge of men and  hie strong sense of humor made  hate impossible.  , Signor Leblanche, being suddenly summoned to appear before  the king, and forgetting that hi*  own hat was on his head, seized  the nearest hat in his hand and  hurried into the Royal apartment.  The king asked him what he proposed doing with two hats. " Ah,  maladetto," said he, " two hats are  indeed too many for a man who  has lost his head."  Will be able to supply common brick, presed brick and  lime the coming season.  CONTRACTORS CAN GET PRICES  BY APPLYING TO ��  T.G.PROCTER.  Office West of Hudson's Bay Stores, Baker Street  ^7  The local or national titles *.-  tributed to British regiments are  hot much guide to their actual  composition. When Lord Spencer  was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he  inspected the Scots Greys in the  Phoenix Park. He stepped before the tallest man in the regiment  and said : " My good man, what  nationality do you belong to ?"  '��� Scotch, yer banner.*-' was the  reply. Lord Spencer further  asked, " What part of Scotland do  you come from?" ' Tipperary,"  was the answer.  Land Act Amendment Act, 1899.  Notice fs hereby given that 30 days after  date I intend to make application to the Chief  Commissioner of Lauds and Works for permission to purchase the following described  lands: -c  Situated about one mile south of Duck  Creek, and about two miles north of Welland  Bay, in the District of West Kootenay, and  commencing at a post planted at the southwest corner (marked D. F. Cowan's S. W. Corner Post,} thence east forty (40) chains, thence  north forty(40) chains, thence west forty (40)  chains, thence south forty, (40) chains to the  point of commencement, and containing one  hundred and sixty acres of land, more or less.  Dated at Creston. B. C, this 13th day of  March, 1899. '  D. P. COWAN.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  1 '       * ff  nvincible. Royal Arthur, Bellerophon, Elk  . umpet. Willie, Florence G. and Gerald F  Fraction Mineral Claims, situate in the Nelson  Mining Diyision of West Kootenay District.  Where Located: On Eagle Creek and near  the headwaters thereof.  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, free  miner's certificate No. 2.078A for myself and  as agent for Solomon Johns, free miner's certificate No. 2.348A and William George Robinson, free miner's certificate No. 13,584A,. intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  Crown Grants of the above claims. And further take notice that action, under section 37,  must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  JOHN McLATCHIE, P.L. S.  Dated this 20th day of April, 1899.  M. R. SMITH & GO.  (Established 1S58.)  Manufacturers of  BlQUITS AND CONFECTIONERY  *ii&rSrNdi?n.orCARLEV VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER  HORSE SHOEING  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  Nelson Blacksmith Co.  H. A. PIOSSER, Manager. Lake .St., Opp. Court House. NELSON, 1. C  *ft****x**rr***x*w<-^  Some amusing instances of  Irish wit are given in Macdonagh's  Irish Life and Character. '��� Why  are Irishmen always laying bare  the wrongs of their country ?"  asked someone in the House. " Because they want them redressed,"  thundered Major O'Gorman. An  Irish, nayvy on the Holyhead boat  was complaining of his foreman.  " He'd not stir a finger himself. to  lift a red herring off the gridiron,  but he'd ask you to shift the Rock  o' Gibraltar."  WADDS BROS..  Photographers  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelsou.  all &Jeffs  Tinsmithing  Plumbing  AMD  Josephine Street  Heating  Nels0n  West Kootenay Butcher Co  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FRESH AND SALT MEATS.  Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices*  Mail orders receive careful attention.  Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats and supplies  kept in stock.  E. C TRAVES, Manager,  Burns  (f  *i  ���  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  A correspondent, quite by accident, fell in with Mr. Kipling on  a train. He at once went over to  the author and made a faithful  attempt to get from him some  readable opinions and information. After Mr. Kipling had  answered half a dozen of his  questions with   monosyllables,   he  suddenly turned upon   the   young  man and said decisively: "It's  really no use for you to try to get  anything out of me. You see,  I've been a newspaper man myself.'  Now, a reporter with a do sen years'  experience on metropolitan papers  has not much patience with curt  treatment, even from great men,  so this reporter replied : " Yes ?  At Simla, I presume." That closed  the interview.  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .   BRANCHES AT  ROSSLAND TRAIL NELSON KASLO  SANDON THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITY  W  HEN you buy ���. ��� ��\  OKELL & MORRIS' O'KELL & ��mj| Drpqpiygp  Preserves^  MORRIS'  l!.lll  you get what are pure British Columbia"  fruit and sugar, and your money is left at  Are absolutely the  PUREST AND BEST.  So   home  Q." THE ECONOMIST.  II  -,.j>-��i*j. -  ���        '��� ��� ���  The Shipping Point for Goat Mountain Mines on the Crow's  Nest Pass and Bedlington and Nelson  Railways,  If �� ' ' 11  : The Center of One of the Finest Agricultural and Fruit Growing Districts in West Kootenay.  For Information and Price List Apply to  f\  *'>-  *\  ft,  *'������  OR TO"  E\ M ALLAN DAINE.  L. A HAMILTON.  V  Law Commissioner C. P. R.  Agent,  Creston, B, C.  Winnipeg.  G-EQ. McFARLAJ^D, A.gent, Nelson.  ..Humphreys & Pittock..  Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. 93.  ICE CREAM-���*.  Agents for  Victoria Colonist  Seattle Times  S..F. Bulletin  , ALL  Nelson Economist  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Times  Toronto Mail and Empire  Toronto Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday World,  And Other Periodicals.  ICE CREAM SODA  FRESH  California Fruits  Received Daily.  KOOTENAY LAKE SAW MILL  Lumber,  Lath,  Shingles.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders   Promptly   Filled   and [ Sash & Doors   ��  Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings, %  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street. | Turned Work-    %  JOHN RAE, AGENT.  HEAD OFFICE, LONDON; ENGLAND.  All communications  relating to British Columbia to be addressed to  P.O. Drawer 505, Nelson, British Columbia;  J   RODERICK ROBERTSON, General Manager! M ET g  COM   Q   f"*  S.S FOWLER, E.M., Mining Engineer X P$ CILQ^na, D. V-  COMriANDING ATTENTION  is .simply a matter of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed,man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns are marvels of  good quality, good style and  good workmaship. The  value is great.  -  FRED. J. SQUIRE, Baker St. Nelson. I  If You Fish  it will be to your interest to inspect our stock of FISHING  TACKLE before selecting your outfit for the season.  All our Goods imported direct from English,  American and Canadian Manufacturers.  LAWRENCE HARDWARE CO.,  Shelf and  Heavy Hardwade.  Jmsmm*^ Nefison, B. C.  Rudyard Kipling's maternal  grandfather was the Rev, George  E. Macdonald. It is related of  him that in the days when he was  courting the lady whom he afterward married, the father-in-law to  be���an aged Methodist, with extremely strict notions in regard to  the proprieties���was injudicious  enough on one  occasion   to   enter  the   parlor   without   giving    any j Brown."  warning of hiV approach. The  consequence was that he found the  sweethearts occupying a single  chair. Deeply shocked 'by this  spectacle, the old man solemnly  said : "=Mr. M icdonald, when I  was courting Mrs. Brown she sat  on one side of the room and I on  the other." Macdonald's reply was:  "That's what T should have  done if I had  been 'courting Mrs. .mi���ujj*e.j  t.AW~sj nn>  ��.ti .jm aairxo-i j^^ysc.-^ xa ��  i  i  Hit  ill  '������'.     - "'1  ;;i ��$  y I'  v.   fflJ  ;< 51?  y.   j��j?l  :*  l!  i>  ill  l;:: ft?  r &<  I- ��-i  I, p.-.5  r  II 'if  if ���  L  12  THE   ECONOMIST  EETON & CO  t  Mp^wwijt���^��jh u u ���< wj wjumj ii^iJUMiwpMUHiwnpr<^^ ��� ���   'ii \<m���m~*mmmimw*  Liquors  Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Goods  Boots and Shoes  Tents  Cigarettes  : Cement  Hugs  Curtains  Flour and Feed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  Fire Clay  Teas  Etc.  KOOTENAY BRANCH  Victoria, B. C,   Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  NELSON, B.C.  &j-  Established 1879.  20 Years Old and Still Growing."  AND   300 UJJE  Offer   Optional  Routes  East  via.  y _ r' f, ���  ��� Revelstoke or Kootenay Ldg.  Through tickets issued and no customs difficulties with baggage. ���  Tourist cars pass Revelstoke daily to bi.  Paul Thursdays for Montreal and Boston,  Tuesdays and Saturdays for Toronto.  Connections.  ROSSLAND, TRAIL, ROBSON and MAIN LINE  Daily '      Daily  6:40 p.m. leaves ���NELSON���arrives 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake-Kaslo Route.   Str. Kokanee  Ex. Sun. .       '   Ex'Sun"  4 p.'m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  Kootenay River Route, Str. Moyie:  Mo   WedandFri. Tues. Thurs and Sat  8 a. m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 6:50.p. m.  Makes connection at Pilot Bay with str Kokanee  in both directions and at Kootenay Landing  with trains to and from Crow's Nest Line  Points.  Sandon and Slocan Lake Points.  Ex Sun. ErSui1-  9:00 a.m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 2:20 p.m.  Ascertain rates  and  full information from  nearest local agent, C. E. Beasley, City Ticket  ^Agent,. or R. W. DREW, Agent, Nelson, B. C.  W. F. Anderson, E- J. Coyle,  Travelling Pass. Agent,       Dist. Pass. Agent  Nelson, B.C. Vancouver B.C.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any G:P.  Rv. agent or  C. P. R- City Ticket Agent, Kelson.  W    . STITT, Gen    S.  S.Agt., Winnipeg.  union  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  Opp- Custom House, Nelson, B.C.  Fweddv was on his first sea-  voyage.  For two or three days he, had  Iain in his berth, moaning wretchedly and wondering why he couldn't,  die. .  " Where are we, deah boy ?" he  asked feebly, as Cholly came into  the state-room.  " We'repassing the Bermuda Islands," answered Cholly.  :" That's where the onions come  frpm," groaned Fweddy, with  another , paroxysm. " Tell the  Captain to hurry L��y, for the love  of heaven."  Parsons Produce Company,  Wholesale Commission" Merchants,  COLD STORAGE.   WAREHOUSEMEN     AND   JOBBERS   OF   GREEN    FRUITS.  Head Office: Winnipeg, R. A. Rogers, Mgr. Western Branches:  Manager for Western B. C., John Parsons,. Vancouver. Manager  foi Yukon District, Chas. Milne, Dawson. Manager for Kooteny  l3istrict,'P. J. Russell, Nelson.   -.  Branches:   Vanconver, A. F. Roiph, Mgr.; Dawson City, A. G. Cunningham, Mgr.; Nelson,  P. J. Russell, Mgr.; Atlin City, J. A. .Eraser, Mgr.  Largest Receivers of Butter and Eggs in the Canadian Northwest.  *   -       -Blocks Carried at Victoria, Rossland, GYanbrook, Greenwood, Revelstoke. ,  f  An,.old woman asked aysailor  where her cow had gone. The  sailor. replied : " Gone to the  devil for what I know." "Well,  as you are going that way," said  the old woman, " I just wish you  would let down the bars."  TAJ'S Have Opened Up.a Large and New Stock of    .     .  Pianos, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, Violins, Concertinas, Ac-  cordeoris, Autoharps, Etc., Etc.  Sheet Mnsic, Music Books and Musical Sundries of Every  Description  An old officer was constantly  besieging Louis IX for a favor.  "You are the most troublesome  soldier I have in my service," said  the monarch. " That is exactly  what your majesty's enemies say  of me," was the happy reply,  " Why did you not admire my  daughter ?" asked a lady of a  gentleman. "Because," said he,  "I am actually no judge of painting." -..," But surely," rejoined she,  "you never saw an angel that was  riot painted."  '/'.���.'.,'��� ~ ' ~ '���. ��� ������ ���"��� ''���''���  A Russian officer said to Napoleon that this countryman fought  for glory, and the the French; for  gain; "You are right," said  Napoleon, u every one fights for  what he does not possess."  *   ./  AT OUR TOY STORE HEKT DOOR TO BANK OF B. C.  Music not in Stock Procured on Shortest Notice  Ol   I Mlifr  ��9  9i  99  St. Alice Natural Mineral Water, Ye Olde  Fashioned English Ginger.Beer.  THORPE & COMPANY, LIMITED.  Victoria.        Vancouver.        Nelson.  Largest Tent and Awning  Boots-, Shoes and Rubber Goods and general stock of Minersr  ; ;':;?Supplies..ivV;, i>^y Opp. Postoffice.       >  1 i  mMmasxmtsnamm THE NELSON  VOL. tl.  NELSON   B. C.,   WEDNESDAY,   MAY 17,  1899.  -J  ���o.'tt4b--  f,/  &-  .-t  i  SUPPLEMENT.  There is a general but mistaken  belief that France is the,, only  country where marriage is arranged  by parents with little or&no regard  for the children's feelings or wishes.  As a matter of' fact, this condition  of affairs obtains to a much greater  extent in Greece, where such a  thing as a love match is practically unknown. The Greek father  ,is particular that the intended husband has,am pie wealth to support  a wife and family. For a girl  dowry is not so important as  France, but a certain amount  linen and household furniture  generally required. The whole  training and education of a Greek  girl is simply a preparation to  render her brilliant in society.  a  in  of  is  mental physiological laws, ignorance and disregard of which bring  about conditions of body whieh  hinder or prevent entirely a perfect performance of the duties __of  life or an enjoyment of its pleasures.  There is really nothing new in the  suggestion, but it is always timely.  It is the doctrine of Herbert Spencer  and his precepts are being more or  less followed by school children.  Rules for health and self-preservation are given out by workers in  many lines of sociological work  among the poor. Such physiology, the doctors believe, should  be taught thoroughly���not the  number of bones in the human  body but a general knowledge of  the laws by whichat is governed.  The  German   middle-class   girl  avowedly gives herself up to housekeeping,    knitting,    sewing    and  cookery.     Her sober brown gowns  are so much like one   another   as  are so many peas, and the majority  are put together by her own hands.  She   knows    and   gets    the   full  value of every kreutzer she spends,  and her coffee and cakes are unsur-  passable.      For     recreation    Bhe  goes with her family  to   the " gardens"    on  summer evenings  and  knits while she listens to the music.  Everybody in Germany  who lives  within  reach    of    concerts    and  theatres walks   to them,   and,   as  they begin early in the evening,  late hours and extra suppers  are  not usual.     Dwellers in the country are contented with the daily  round and common task, and rest-  " I think golf   is   more   or   less  like a piano."  " How ?"  "It's played   by  people    who ��� don't  about it."  a   number   of  know   much  Everything ii* the  Morrison & Caldwell's.  grocery line at  If you want the choicest brands and  blends of tea and coffee, go to Morrison  & Caldwell.  Corporation of the City of Kelson  BY-LAW NO. 39-  into the handR of the treasurer of the said Corporation, for the purpose and with the object  hereinbefore recited.  2. It shall be lawful for the Mayor of the said  Corporation to cause any number of Debentures to be made, executed and issued for such  sum or sums as may be required for the purpose and object aforesaid, not exceeding,  however, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars  (815,000); each of the said Debentures being of  the denomination of one thousand dollars  (31,000) and all such Debentures shall be sealed  with the seal of the Corporation and signed  by the Mayor thereof.  3. The said Debentures shall bear date the  Twentieth day of July A. D. 1809, and  shall be made payable in twenty years  from the said'date, in lawful money of Canada, at the office of the Lank of Montreal in  Nelson aforesaid, which said place of "payment shall be designated by the said Debentures, and shall have attached to them coupons for the payment of interest, and the signatures to the interest coupons may be either  written,stamped, printed or lithographed.  4. Thesaid Debentures shall bear interest at  the rate of 5 per centum per annum from the  date thereof, which interest shall be payable  semi-annually at said office of the Bank of  Montreal, in Nelson aforesaid, in lawful  money of Canada, on the twentieth dav of  January .and the twentieth day of July  respectively, in each year during the currency thereof, and shall be expressed in said  Debenture* and coupons to be so payable.  5. Itshallbe lawful for the Mayor of said  Corporation to negotiate and sell the said Debentures or any of them for less than par ; but  in no case, shalIJthe said Debentures or anv of  them be negotiated or sold for less than  93 per centum of their face value, including the cost of negotiating and sale, brokerage and other incidental expenses.  6. Ihere shall be raised and levied in each  year during the currency of said Debentures  the sum of seven hundred and fifty dollars  (8750) for the payment of interest and the sum  of five hundred and forty dollars ($510) for the  payment of the debt due,under the said Debentures by a rate sufficient therefor on all  the rateable land in the haid Municipality.  7. It shall be lawful for the said Municipal  Council to repurchase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with the legal holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof, either at the time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures sore-purchased shall forthwith be cancelled and destroyed, and no re-issue of Debentures so. re-purcbasert shall be made in  consequence of such re-purchase.  8. This By-law shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D. 1891).  NOTICE.  and six thousand and eight hundred and  seventy dollars ($806,870);  And whereas it will be requisite to raise annually bv rate the sum of two thousand five  hundred'and eighty dollars (��2,580) for paying  the said debt and interest,  Now, therefore, tlie Municipal Council of.  the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts eh  iollows:    * \  1. it shall and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the corporation oi the City of Nelson to bory  row, upon cue credit of the said Corporation,  by way of the Debentures hereinafter mentioned, from any person'or persons, body or  bodies corporate, who may be willing to advance the same as a loan, a sum'of money not  exceeding in the wnole the sum of thirty '  thousand dollars ($SU,Ou0), and to cause all such  sums so raised or received to be paid into the  nahds of tne Treasurer of the said Corporation,  lor tne purposes and with the objects herein-  berore recited. ���        . , .. ���  2. it shall be lawful for the Mayor of the  said Corporation to cause any number oi we-,  bentures to De made, executed and issued lor  such sum or sums as may be required for the  purpose and object atoresaid, not exceeding  nowever, the sum of thirty thousand dolla.s  ($au,uuU), each of the said Uebeutures being oi  tne denomination ��oi one thousand dollarb  (Jpl.OOO); and all such Debentures shall po sealed  with tne seal of the Corporation and signed t>j  the Mayor thereof. ,  .    tl  a. Tne said .Debentures shall bear date the  twentieth day of July, A.��� *>., um��.  and shall be made payable in tWentj years  from the said date, in lawful n*��.ney ��*>af"  ada, at the oitice of trie Bank of Montreal, in ���  Kelson aforesaid, which-said place o�� pay^"1  shall be designated by the said Bebeiiturcs,  and shall have attached to them coupons lor  the payment of interest and the signatures to  the interest coupons may be either wutten,  stamped, printed or lithographed. t  4. The said Debentures shall bear J�����esi  at the rate of 5 per centum per anmim from  the date thereof, which merest shall be pa>  able semi-annually at the said officeof tne  Bank of Montreal in Nelson aforesaid in law  fui money of Canada, on the twentieth daj  of January and the twentieth day.of J ui>���. �� .  speetively, in each year during the currency  thereof, and it shall be expressed in. bam v<-   ���  bentures and coupons to be so payame.  5, It shall be lawfuf for the Mayor of said  Corporation to negotiate and sell tne sam in,  bentures or any of them for less thanpar    out  in no case shall the said Debentures or any oi  them be negotiated or sold tor less than 9o pe  sentum of their face value, including tne <a a  and  sale,   brokerage  and  t  all  centum  of negotiating and  saie,  other incidental expenses, .  6.   There shall be raised and levied in  of said Debentures  eacn  lessnessy seems  German girl   is  ambitious.  unknown,  not,   as   a  The  rule,  A clever woman physician says  that she believes that the first arid  most important step in education  should be a knowledge   of   funda-  A By-law to Raise $15,000 to Extend and  Improve Electric Light.  Whereas a petition has been presented  to the Municipal Council of the Corporation  of the City of Nelson, signed by the owners of  at least one-tenth of the value of the real  property in the said city, as shown by the last  revised Assessment Roll, requesting the said  Council to introduce a By-law to raise the  sum of fifteen thousand dollars}($15,000) for the  purpose of extending and improving the Electric Light system works and plant in the City  of Nelson.  And whereas it is deemed expedient to  borrow the said sum of fifteen thousand; dollars ($15,000) for the purposes aforesaid.  And whereas the whole amount ot the  rateable land of the said City, according to  the last revised Assessment Roll, is eight  hundred and six thousand eight hundred arid  seventy dollars ($806,870);  And whereas it will be necessary to raise  annually by rate the sum of twelve hundred  and ninety dollars (��1,290) for paying the said  debt and interest,  Now, therefore,the Municipal Council of  the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts  as follows:  1. It shall and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson to  borrow, upon the credit of the said Corporation, by way of the debentures hereinafter  mentioned, from any person or persons, body  or bodies corporate, who may be willing to  advance the same as a loan, a sum of money  not exceeding, in the whole, the sum of fifteen  thousand dollars (��15,000), and to cause all  such sums so raised or received to be paid  Take notice that the above is a true copy of  the proposed By-law, upon whic 1 the vote of  the Municipality will be taken for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward, at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E. y�� Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day of May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon. "  J. K. STRACHAN,  City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C, May 16, 1899;  Corporation of the City of  year during the currency w- "*���- ---, ~nfn fnr  the sum of fifteen hundred IdoUars (51,.^), tor  of  one  the  De-  all  to   Raise   $30,000 to  Extend  Waterworks System.  Whereas a Petition has b��en presented to  the Municipal Council of the Corporation of  the City of Nelson, signed by the owners of at  least one-tenth of the value of the real property of the said City (as shown by the last As-,  sessment Roll), requesting the said Council, to  introduce a By-law to raise the sum of tlr.rty  thousand dollars ($30,000), for the.purpose of  extending the Waterworks System of the said  City.     .   v  And whereas it is deemed necessary and expedient to extend the Waterworks System of  the City of Nelson for the convenience of the  citizens mid for fire protection,  And wherras it is expedient to borrow the  said sum of thirty thousand dollars ($30,000),  for the purposes aforesaid,  And Whereas the whole amount of the rateable land of the said City, according to the  last revised Assessment Roll, is eight hundred  day  noon  Nelson, B.  the payment of interest and the sum  thousand^and eighty dollars ($1,080), toi  payment of the debt due under the saiu  bentures bv   a rate sufficient therefor on  the rateable land in the said Municipam> ���  7.   It shall be lawful for the said M���"0*  Council to purchase any of the said "��-"����  tures upon such terms as may bo agreed upun  with the legal holder or holders thereof, 01  Municipal  anv part thereof either at the time of salt- 01  anv subsequent time or times, and all  "eD��*"_  tur'es so repurchased shall -forthwith betan  celled and destroyed, and no reissue of ^"e"-  tures so repurchased shall be made in con��u  quence of such repurchase.  8.   This Bv-law shall take effect on  day of June; A. D., 1899.  NOTICE. ...  Take notice that the above "is a true copy of  the proposed By-law, upon which ������he vote uj  the Municipality will be taken, for toward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street,  for the West Ward at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on the*north.sideof Baker,  street, between stanley'and Kootenay4 strttts,  on E. V> Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, Ihe >.)tn  t' ot Mav instant, at 8 o'clock in, the fore-

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