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The Nelson Economist May 24, 1899

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Array LSON  *:>  VOL.  NELSON   B.C.,   WEDNESDAY,   MAY 24,  1899.  NO. ^ cj> ip  THE NELSON ECONOntST.  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D.  M. CAHLEV , PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  C*ie Year to Canada and United States  S2 00  If paid in advance :.....��� i 50  ;One Year to Great Britain        2 50  If paid in advance    '/  0 00  Remit by Express, Money Order, Draft, P. 0. Order   or  Registered Letter.  C6rrespon4enee on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited. - ��� ,  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which wHl be made known on application. Onlv  articles of .merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  has for some years been an admirable support to his mother in,the duties of her ex-  alted office; but there have been, happily,  none of those conditions that rendered it absolutely necessary that the duties of the office  .be fulfilled by , proxy. May .Queen Victoria,  live, and may her prospective successor, when  the time come?, continue to rule and govern a  loyal people in the right way!  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  :J  Today, May 24, is the  anniversary  of Her  Majesty's  birthday, and   another   milestone  " in the national life of Great Britain and  her  dependencies has been reached.    We say   national life, for we are a portion of the greaiest  nation under the sun.    We do not  belong  to.  it; we are a part and parcel of it, and, as  far  as we are aware, the vast majority of the peo-  " pie do not desire to make any  change..   Since  the year 1819, when Queen Victoria first  saw  the light, some of the  greatest achievements  in  nation building have  been accomplished.  The British  colonial  system has been developed, in some instances from the penal .settlement, into the grand,   self-governing  "dependencies"���if that term is in any sense now applicable���which   exist   today.     Indeed,   the  Greater  Britain  is  no  longer a  dream or a  fancy but an accomplished fact, and whether  the outcome be Imperial Federation���a continuation of the present "independent connection," or the launching forth of entirely new  states���most of the work which has led up  to  this ulimax has been done during  the  life of  her  whom  it has pleased even our national  antagonists  to describe as "the good Queen  Qictoria."   "Long may she reign" is  the expression  of a feeling  that generally obtains  both within and outside of Her Majesty's Dominion.    She has attained her eightieth year,  and is almost at the end t of the  sixty-second  year of her reign over a generally happy  and  contented people.   The present  heir-apparent  t Last January the voters of Nelson entrusted  the affairs of this city to the mayor'and aldermen now holding office.    Under  British   asle  there is never any question as t). the  wisdom  and  justice  of  the  voice of the people as expressed at the polls.    The opinion of the' people is subject to change, but for the time being  it is accepted as, conclusive.    The   Economist*  ws free to confess that thechoicd of the electors  did not meet with its full approbation; but   it  bowed submissively to the will of the  people.  In exercising their franchise to place the present men in control of the affairs  of   the  city,  the  ratepayers   did  not complete their work.  They must employ every available  means  to  assist the  council  in  carrying on municipal  affairs in such a way as to keep Nelson in  the  position  to  which, by  right   of   geographical  position, she is entitled.    The old council   in  their own mood and manner did good service,  and we are��not aware that any complaint was  found because in carrying on  works of public  utility a liberal amount of money was placed  at their disposal.    The view taken was that it  would have been a fatuous policy to elect men  to office and then deny them   the means with  which to realize the aspirations of  the people  who placed   them   there.    The  new  council  should  be treated  in the same spirit.    They  cannot be   expected   to   make brick without  straw.    They have enunciated a policy which,  we are. pleased to say, is  one of  progression,  and in the usual order of things they come to  the ratepayers for ehdorsation; :  our present system.    Careful  measurements  taken by the city engineer have proved  this '  fact beyond question, and the proof was  that   "  the -supply rah   short last   winter at a time  when the flume was perfectly clear and all the  available water was miming.'   Since then the  connections have been increased close upon 40  per cent.,and promise before the next  lowest  stage, which occurs every autumn and spring,  to reach 100 per cent.    Unless a  new  supply  is brought into the,system   the  town will  be  without  a  sufficient.quantity of water, which,,    '  in the event of a fire might mean a  repetition  of the wholesale disaster at New Westminster,  to say nothing of, the inconvenience to. every  citizen   in   the   town.       In    order  to  meet  this  difficulty   the  council -have  decided to  bring in the only available permanent'supply '.?  by   tapping  Cottonwood Creek at a sufficient  elevation to fill the reservoir by laying, a steel  pipe, properly buried so as to be free from frost, '   '  having a capacity sufficient  to supply; a town  of 15,000-persons.    The estimated cost of this  portion of the work is $25,000.    The  balance  of the amount, namely $5,000, is  for extend-    *-  ing new mains, which properly  comes under"    '  the head   of-capital account for water works.  The expenditure of this money wili  place the  city in the position of   being   able  to  supply'  water for all purposes for m.any years to come,  and   no   further  outlay   will  be required for  water   until   the   population  of the city   has  trebled.    Sj much for the water by-law.  Money is required to carry oh the affairs of  the city. In order to meet the demands of the  rapidly increasing population, the new council asks the ratepayers to authorize a loan of  $30,000, to  extend   the. water  works system.  This water matter is probably the most serious  question affecting the welfare of the city. It  has been demonstrated beyond any shadow of  a doubt that the flow of water in Anderson  Creekis not sufficient to supply the town,  which is the greatest fault  to be  found   with  The amount asked under the Electric Light  By-law is for the purpose of placing the  present plant, purchased by the city, in a position  to  supply   light  and increase its  earning ca-  paciyy.    The incompleteness of the.plant   was  clearly   demonstrated   last   winter, when   the  city was practically in   Cimmerian   darkness,  and the loss to business and the   bad   impression created upon visitors can scarcely  be  estimated.    Unless the citizens, desire a  repetition of this, they should   readily  endorse the  recommendation of the counci 1 for the expenditure of the $15,000 suggested,   Thj  council  have carefully gone into this   matter, and are  convinced that this,outlay will give the  electric light plant the necessary.capacity to meet  present demands, and   by  further  extending  improvemants.oii the lineslaid down  by  the  council   this   plant  can be increased should a  larger population warrant the  outlay   in   the  future;    Unless this work is undertaken there  was nothing to have ever warranted  the p  ��� -u'r- '���':. 2  THE ECONOMIST.  chase of the present plant.. By asking the  council-1**) collect rates for the summer months,  knowing very well that they cannot deliver  the goods in the winter, when light is an absolute requirement b business conditions, is,  to say the least, dishonest. No other city in  Canada would tolerate ihis state of affairs.  The money asked for, it is proposed to expend  in the following way: Purchasing the necessary new machinery fur the power-house; increasing the storage capacity of the present  dam, and creating a second storage in connection with the work undertaken by the late  council, in bringing water into Cottonwood  Lake. - /Unless this is done the flume contracted for by the late council will be worse  than useless.  So thoroughly aroused are the people to the  necessity  of   vigilance  in   regard to sanitary  .matters that scarcely any opposition is mani-  , fested to the proposed sewerage  by-law.    The  health of the citizens is above all things  most  * important, and it is pleasing  to observe   the  ���' unanimity of opinion there is on this point.  Another of the  important by-laws to come  before the ratepayers is that relating  to  the  ". new city building.    The council asks for $10,-  _000 to construct a new public building���one  that will be at once , a convenience to the  officials and an enduring monument to the  wisdom of the city. The present.structure,  while it met the requirements of the city when  ithad only a population of two or three thousand, is inadequate for a city that has now a  population of nearly six thousand, and a prospective population in the near future of ten  thousand. At the present time when the police court is in session, the mayor, the city  clerk and hie assistant are compelled to vacate  .their desks, to the great prejudice of the  transaction of public business. A few days  ,ago a Chinese case was being tried in court.  A half-dozen or so Celestials were huddled  together, and  a*  the case, consumed  several  , hours, business was practically suspended for  the time being. Instances of this character  occur so often as to render the., present structure totally unfitted for immediate requirements. The suggestion to patch up the present structure should not be entertained for a  moment. What is wanted is a building that  will not only meet immediate requirements,but  will afford ample accommodations for the public for many.years to come. The present building can be utilized exclusively for police purposes. The proposed building, a sketch  of which, has been prepared by Ewart  & Carrie, architects, will amply meet all present and prospective needs of the city.  The. proposed public building will be a  stone and brick structure, with a metallic roof.  It will be 56x64 feet, and height from base to  top of flagstaff 76 feet. The basement will be  divided into four apartments���two large  rooms for fire apparatus, one room for the  steam heater, and the rest for apartments for  the fire chief.   All the necessary lavatories are  also located in the basement. The next  apartment is approached from Josephine street  by a wide stairway inside the building. At  the entrance there is a large hall and a stairway leading to the attic floor. The ground  floor is divided into seven rooms. The first is  the council chamber, 20x30 feet. Alongside  of the council chamber is a public office, 16x  20 feet, for the city clerk, arid also the city  clerk's private office, 10x16 ieet. To the right  of the entrance is the city engineer's office,  16x18:1 feet, with two large vaults so located  between the city clerk's office and the city engineer's as to give each a vault. Each vault  is 6x10 feet. To the left of the entrance is the  public reading room, in connection with which  is a room for a library,,, The mayor's office  adjoins the council chamber. Ample accommodation for permanent firemen is provided  for in the attic or third story. The interior  furnishing will be of either cedar or coast fir.  The building will be heated by steam, with  provision from the same plant to dry  fire hose. The rooms provided for the fire apparatus will be large enough to accommodate  the hook and ladder truck, one fire engine, two  hose reels, and the necessary horses to work  the same. Provision is made in the tower for  a tire bell and city clock when demanded.  The cost of the building will be in the neigh-  borhoad of $10,000.  , It is urged, in certain quarters that, there  should be no more money spent on public improvements than that which is derived from  existing revenues. The fallacy of this argument h.es in the fact that the present residents  of the, city would be expending their substance in making matters comfortable for those  who would come here in future. The modern  method of providing comfortsv and conveniences for posterity is to float loans; so that  those who participate in the enjoyments provided can also participate in paying for the same. The borowing  of $70,000 will not increase the  taxes of this year, and if the population  continues to increase at the present growth  the revenue derived from new improvements  will more than counterbalance the expenditure  next year and in subsequent years. Moreover, the city council should not be placed in  a .false position in regard to this matter., Outside of the assurance of having the confidence  of the ratepayers, they have nothing - to gain  by the endorsation of the by-laws. The council simply , advise the expenditure of the  money as business men who have the interests  of the city at heart. The looking after the  work entailed by the expenditure of the money  will take up considerable of the time of every  member of the council, to the prejudice and  neglect of their business interests. We hope  the citizens will take a liberal view of this  matter, and not only renew their confidence  in the men they have placed in office, but also  further mark their faith in the future of Nelson   by,voting for the four by-laws.  franchise to a tramway company, and the  other a by-law respecting the establishment of  a coke and gas works in the-_ city of Nelson.  With regard to the former/some apprehension  is expressed that the council has been too  liberal in its dealing with the representatives  of the company. It is also contended that the  company has asked too much. Without in  any way attempting to throw cold water on  the scheme, we must confess that there were  many things in connection with the bringing  of this matter before the council of which The  Economist does not approve. The aldermen  are a reasonable body of men, and are no  doubt disposed to deal honestly with any pro-,  posal that has for its' object the benefit of the  citizens as a whole, and incidentally the  special financial benefit of a few; but it i3 not  to be expected that they are going to grant  what in future may be valuable special privileges merely on the recommendation of one or  two without giving the matter' careful attention. As the by-law now reads it. has  been shorn ��� of many of its objectionable  features, and stands a fairly good chance  of being endorsed next Monday. The mayor  and council are to be commended for the  stand they have taken throughout the consideration of this by-law.  v 0  '. r V  >��� Of the gas and coke works by-law very little-  need be said. Dr. Doolittle, who represents  the promoters; explained his position thoroughly, and only asked for what the council  believed to be fair treatment. He carefully  refrained from indulging in long harangues,  which is the best evidence of his business acumen; therefore we believe the gas and coke  works by-law should be endorsed.  The majority of cities are satisfied with one  baptism of fire. Dawson City is more ambitious  than the rest, and puts forward its claim to  special distinction by having half-a-dozen  conflagrations.  The Tribune is opposed to the electric light  by-law. Verily, the wicked love darkness  rather than light.  ,   Two other by-laws will also come before the  people Monday���one for the granting  of a  The situation with regard to' the enforcement of the eight-hour day has not changed  since our last issue. The principal mine  owners have issued their manifesto, and appear determined'topay only $3 for an eight-  hour day. On the other hand, the miners are  moving mysteriously, but the general impression is that the leaders will insist on $.3.50  for the day of eight hours. Viewed from any  point, the outlook is not of the character that  will inspire investors with confidence in the  future development of mining interests in the  Kootenay. The friendly relations that have  hitherto prevailed between mine-owners and  miners in the mining districts have been disturbed, to the great prejudice of future operations. Not! ing should be said at this time  that will widen the breach or preventa satisfactory termination of troubles induced by incapable legislators.   That the Government is  "Mffcv-  ���ni����uj��.oj��i4.,l^��l^,'mT��miiM<W3&J THE   ECONOMIST  O  convinced of its error in interfering between  employer and employe is best evidenced by  the desire of certain members of the Cabinet  to deny responsibility in bringing about the  present unhappy state of affairs. There was  no general demand on the part of the miners  for an eight-hour day, and the Government  would have acted wisely in not interfering  with prevailing economic conditions.  .The Tribune asserts that The Economist is  not sincere in the stand it has taken on the  eight-hour question and must cater to the element from whom it gets Jits patronage. Would  the Tribune please state the patronage, presented prospective, The Economist doe3 and  will enjoy, and waen the latter will be realized  upon.   We need the money in our business.  Many individual citizens living in various  parts of the town realize the.necessity of improvements in their particular localities in the  way of sidewalks, roads, water and sewer connections. How can these things be supplied  unless there is money tc do the work? Therefore, vote for the money by-laws and place the  council in a position to carry out improvements in the city of Nelson, in order that she  may maintain the start she has now over any  town in the interior of British Columbia.  The taxpayers will decide next Monday  between a policy of progress and a policy of  stagnation.   ,   ,  Pat Burns has confidence in the future of  Nelson, and will build a two-story brick block  on the site of his present premises. The building will have a sixty-foot frontage on Baker  street and a depth of 100 feet.  A Kansas paper, edited by a woman; asserts that " this world is full of howling  eight-hour   men  with  patient  fourteen-hour  wives.  >>  According to a  London correspondent, the  ft  Sunday newspaper has not been a success at  .the world's metropolis. The Earl of Rosebery,  in the, course of a public speech, declared  strongly against the system, appealing for a:  'truce of God" between the Mail and the Telegram, whose proprietors were sitting on either -  side of him at the time. His Lordship intimated that each was desirous of ceasing the  publication of his Sunday paper if the other  would agree to do likewise. The evidence  points strongly to the fact that neither of the  Sunday papers has been the success anticipated  and other newspapers are jubila ht at the position in which the two rivals find themselves,  both being willing but ashamed to withdraw.  Mr. Harmsworth, proprietor of the Mail, has  written a letter saying he hopes the proprietors  of the Daily Telegraphwill accept Lord Rose-  bery's proposition and agree to si truce. Mr.  Harmsworth adds that the Sunday newspaper  development is quite as unnecessary in England today as it was in  the  United States  thirty-five years ago, when it commenced  there. One by one the most conservative  newspapers of the United States were forced  into the Sunday market. Mr. Harmsworth  concludes by saying the present is a golden  opportunity to stop the increase of Sunday  newspapers. Mr. Harmsworth evidently has  had enough of Sunday journaiisrn.  Unless these money by-laws are voted, where  will the money come from to carry on immediate and absolutely necessary improvements,  and to pay for what has already been  done, a large amount of which should be  rightfully charged to the debenture account?  The only alternative left'for the council would  be to raise the money required for actually  necessary expenditures by increasing the present rate of. taxation. The ratepayers who  look into the question must be convinced that  the money  by-laws should be carried.  The policy of the present council is simply a  continuation of the policy of the former council  in so far as regards electric light. The late  manager of the electric light company eannot  contend otherwise.  Victoria   did not   want  such   connection  with the  mainland  as  the Dunsmuirs were  i,  willing to provide,yso the. offer of Mr. Dunsmuir has been withdrawn. The capital, city  is the most perfect specimen of,a rat-pit on  this continent. ' If the citizens had worked in  harmony Victoria might have had mainland  connection years ago.  We regard the resignation of Alderman Beer  as chairman of the finance committee rather  in the light of a calamity. Mr. Beer possesses  talents that peculiarly fit him for the position,  and it is regrettable that he should have re-:  solved to resign. It is to be hoped Mr. Beer  will reconsider his determination to resign.  The fact that Lieutenant-Governor Mclnnes  sacrificed all his other worldly belongings, to  save his uniform will go a long way to emphasize His Honor's loyalty to the throne.  Lord Curzon of Kedleston gave it to be  understood, when he accepted the Viceroyalty  of India, that he did so because he thought  that the climate would improve his health  writes a London correspondent. Private advices, however, intimate that the contrary  has been the effect, and that Lord Curzon has  been suffering from ill health ever since his  arrival in India. According to To-day, the  Curzons have been rather overdoing the  dignity of the Viceroyalty, in contrast to the  ways of former Viceroys. The publication  mentioned says that the present practice in  Simla and Calcutta is all oa lines of the most  rigid etiquette. In former gatherings the  hosts always enter last, and only when dinner is announced do they go in first together,  through a link formed by guests and an ob-  sequeous suite.     They sit  facing,  and,  com  monly address each other, according to Today, as " Your Excellency." Old hands, it  is added, are inclined to snigger at all. this,  which is a bad imitation of Windsor or other  royal residences ; " but," concludes To-day,  sarcastically, "it must be very ,pleasant for  pretty Miss Leiter and her sisters, all Republic-  can born."  Without water -vorks the supply of water  will fall far short of what is required., Avert  a water famine by voting for the water works  by-law.     ,  Sir R. Reid is said by the London Spectator  to have proved conclusively tha,t the British  Government not only recognizes the status  of slavery, in Zanzibar, but restores slaves to  their owners when they run away. Mr. Bro-  derick admitted the facts and could only say  in extenuation that Great Britain took over  Zanzibar under i.n agreement not to emancipate persons now in slavery with compensation, and that on the mainland the British  stand pledged by a declaration of Lord Kim-  berly to allow the'law of Islam to prevail. The  Spectator says that both of these excuses are ,  illusory as England can pay the compensation if it has really been promised, and  though Mohammedan law permits slavery, it  does not establish it, but rather favours manumission. , ���  The present lighting system of Nelson does  not meet even present requirements. Therefore, vote for the electric light by-law.  Considerable money has been spent in advertising the advantages of Nelson as a place  for location. The Board of Trade, particularly, has been very diligent in this regard.  This expenditure of time and money will have  no result if we refuse to engage in further improvements. Vote for the money by-laws and  keep up with the procession.  According to the Ottawa Citizen the trouble  on the St. Regis Indian reserve is practically  a revolt against the introduction of representative government. Under the tribal system  the Indians were ruled by their chiefs as in  their aborignal state. Several years ago the  system was changed and the Indians were  called upon to elect municipal councilors  from among their own people to administer  their affairs. This innovation has not met  with favor. The tribal system dies hard,  and the obvious intention of the change was  to distintegrate the system and substitute responsible local government as the white man  understands it. The conflict of democratic  interests with the representatives of Government by an hereditary aristocracy as represented by the chiefs has led to a good deal  of friction, and the most of the red men, being conservative in their views and opposed  to the traditional customs being abolished^  desire to return to the former system. When  an election was to be held this year they prevented the agent holding it. Hence the  trouble. '���'"' 4  THE   ECONOMIST  THE GAME AND THE WOMAN.  By George P. Moon.  When Ennerdale rose to depart with the  last batch of guests,'Johnson laid a hand upon bis shoulder, and said in an undertone :  " Don't go yet :   I've something to   say   to  you."  The two men looked at one another. Piercing interrogation coupled with slight in-  \ quietude was expressed in Ennerdale's face.  He hesitated ; then his white teeth showed in  a faint, half disdainful smile, and he nodded  assent.  The clashing of the garden gate and the  sound of the hall door closing were followed  by Mrs. Johnson's reappearance. She fluttered into the room, flushed and radiant. The  two men were standing by the window, which  had been flung open to admit the cool night  tit. Johnson leaned against the frame, and  gazed out into the darkness.  "There, thank goodness, they're all  gone 1"  said she, with a little sigh of relief.  "Your guestsfwouldrearcely feel themselves  complimented if they beard you," said Ennerdale inhis grave fashion.  "Probably not, but the boredom  of  entertaining people you   don't   care   two   straws  about'muiffind a voice.     And, oh dea , it is  a bore,;!"  "Boredam sits well upon you," said Enner-  '"' dale* nailing at her happy face.  ,SheJaughed and was going   to   say   some-  -thingin reply, when Johnson turned around,  haggard and weary looking.  -.;.'.   " Ennerdale and I have a matter to discuss "  he Baid with an effort, not raising his eyes   to  his wife's face.  "y^yfiatVa charming way   of   intimating   a  desire for my absence!" she   replied   lightly.  " Well; I'm a pattern wife,   so I   bow to the  commands of my lord  and  master,   and   retire.. .   Good-night, Mr. Ennerdale !"  As Ennerdale held the door open   for   her  he breathed rather than uttered two words as  ���he passed him with a smiling look :  " He suspects."  Then he rejoined Johnson at the   window  sank into an easy chair,' and brought   out his  cigar-case,  "Smoke ?" he said interrogatively.  Johnson took the proffered cigar  mechanically, but  did not light it.    Ennerdale puffed  away composedly, with his feet on  the chair  before hiin.  There was silence for some minutes, then  Johnson, with his face still turned to the  darkness, broke it by saying in a low tone ;  " I might  have known it   would   come   to  this, Sick."  Ennerdale threw back his head,   and   allowed a cloud of smoke to escape slowly   from  his lips before answering.  " What's that ?" he said negligently.  " Don't see what you are driving   at, old  man," said Ennerdale lazily.  " No," went on Johnson slowly, "there's no  comparison between u*; Dick, and ��^saw   it  bhe never cared for me very much, but   there  was no one else she liked better, and I had  to  be content   with   that.   .    .   .   Love,  they  say, begets love, don't they,   Dick ?  I   kept  hoping and hoping that this  might   be   true  for she is very, very dear to   me.     And   perhaps things might   have   worked   round   all  right in time���but now  " Every time we've been  matched  against  each other it's   been   the   same   thing���I've  come out second," continued Johnson   sadly.  "And it's only natural; I haven't got your abili-  ies, Dick, or your, handsome face."  His head sank against the cold pane, and  his voice became inaudible.  " What the devil are you talking about ?"  said Ennerdale, with an irritable   movement.  Johnson turned round.  " Dick," he said almost in a whisper, letting his eyes fall in a shame-faced manner,  I was outside the window of the breakfast-  room this morning when you were talking  with my  wife." - 6  Ennerable made no response. Johnson  waned as though he expected one. Then he  sighed wearily, and turned away once more.  You won't hear a word of reproach from  ���, Dick," he said quietly.     " Since she old  days, when I was a timid little chap, and you  took me under your wing, we've never showed  anger to each other, and,   please   God,   we'll  end that way.     Perhaps you didn't see  what  it was coming to till   it was   too   late.     Her  beauty led you on,  little  by  little,    without  you knowing it ;   and you never  thought of  misery you might  cause your   old   friend^-  wok rend fr��m b��yh00d'   Wa8U't'that u>  Kn���erdale shifted   his   position,   and   his  forehead contracted with emotion of some sort  but he vouchsafed no answer. '  "I've been thinking how all is going to end,��  wenton the other after a pause, more sadly  than before, "and it comes to this. I won't  stand ,n the way of your happiness-yours  andhers-ifyouwilUave it so. She loves  you and you love her.     Pm of no account."  He remained silent once more. Then suddenly he turned :   " Look here, Dick "  He guided the other's hand to the outside  of his breast-pocket. Ennerdale felt something through the cloth with hard and sinister angles, and his face changed.  " Yes, that's what it's coming to," said Johnson quietly.  " Don't   be   a damned   fool !"    said    the  other hastily.  Johnson shook his head.  " When I lose her 1 lose everything worth  living for. Besides, she must be yours in a  way the world won't point its finger at-that  way or not at all.   It is for you to say Dick "  " Why not use it against me ?" saidJEnner-  dale fiercely.  "Because I loVeyou, Dick-love you next  to her, said Johnson earnestly, laying his  hand caressingly upon Ennerdale's shoulder.  ' We ve been more like brothers to each  other than many of the same blood ; and to  raise a finger against you-no, I couldn't do  it.     Ill were out of the way���"   "{ f  A gesture  from   the   other stopped   him  Ennerdale rose to his feet, and began to pace  the room in a fever of mental agitation,  which Johnson did not interrupt. Five or  six times he traversed the room, than he stopped before his friend, and said in a voice in  which rage and despair were blended i  "Johnson, I'm a scoundrel���as black   a  scoundrel as wae ever born of woman ;   but  I ve gone too far now to retreat.    If she and  I bid good-by to each other, you may hope   to  win her bve some   time���is   that   what yof  say ?     If you don't, you'll blow your brains  out.     Well, I can't give her up���I won't give  her up���no,  by   God I-unless Pate decides  otherwise."    He violently brought the  cards  scattered over the table beside him.    "Well  then, Jet Fate decide it.    Sit down,  Johnson'  and we'll play, and the stakes  shall   be   the  woman we both love 1"  Johnson hesitated a moment, then sat down  at the card table opposite Ennerdale, who had  commenced to gather up the cards   with   fingers that were now deft and steady.,   .  " Ecarte ?" he said, interrogatively.  Johnson nodded.  0 Ennerdale threw out the unnecessary cards  and passed the pack to   Johnson  to   cut  for  deal.     Johnson cut   the   queen   of  hearts:  Ennerdale the five of clubs. <���  Ennerdale shuffled, and commenced to deal  out.  " Two out of three ?" he suggested.  Johnson inclined his head once more.  The eleventh card turned up proved a king.  " I mark king," said Ennerdale quietly.  Johnson smiled faintly as he took   up   his  cards and spread them.  " I propose," he said at   the   firs t  glance ���  but Ennerdale refused. '  The game proceeded.  The first hand resulted  in   two   points   in  Ennerdale's favor.  ���   In the second he made the game.  "One," he said under his breath.  But luck deserted him for his   adversary at  the next deal, for Johnson  secured  the five  points.     Both players, having thus  won a  game each, now stood on  an equal footing  "This will end it," said Ennerdale between his teeth, as Johnson dealt out for the  third and deciding game.  The momentous and tragic issue now approaching them was reflected in the pallor  of both men, and in the deliberation of the  play. Johnson made one point in the first  hand. In the second, three. His eyes  brightened as he gathered up the cards and  sh uffled them for the next deal.     But his ad-  vantage was immediately lost  by   Ennerdale  gaining four points.  One game, four points all.  The sweat stood in great beads on   Ennerdale's forehead as he dealt out the   cards   for  the last hand.     He   paused   a   moment and  looked at Johnson before   turning   over   the  eleventh card.     His fingers were agitated by  a nervous tremor as he did so.     It was an indifferent card,  theten   of  diamonds.     Both  men were now seized by an   ineffable dread  Each hesitated to pick up   the  cards   Which  might confront him with his fate.    They re- THE   ECONOMIST  a ��� ���  e Best T  THE-  :;  ,--r\ '������  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  '���  ���'  **.���..  ?   Will Sell the Above   Mentioned to Compete With   Everybody.   Send  for Prices.  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  Kara Piano  That will last yon 'and  .will, give you satisfaction. It lias stood, the  test in the 'Kootfenays  ���for thirteen years.' r The  only first-class Piano  made in Canada.,.   . ,. .  O tern's  Style, Special Model  189Q  over  njgoanmM  �� �� ���  WATCHES AND JEWELRY.  < 1  .-:- Repairing a Specialty.  Orders By Mail or Express Receive Our  Prompt Attention   Four  kinds  of Sewing  ,   Machines the Best    6,  ,    ,   in America.  Wbee'ler&Wilson Machines  'i  flacliines in Different Styles.  our/iog iviacninss,  Domestic Sewinir Icfifes  _TL_.U  iiig"h  ���  . ���  i  ���  ���  ���  ���  ,���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  r  ���  ���  *  ���vvvw  f*.  '���y  '���v.  mained motionless, looking at one another,  each waiting for his opponent to stretch out  his hand first.  At length Johnson gathered   up   his   cards  '   and ran them   over.     An   involuntary   sigh  escaped him, and he laid them on   the   table ���  again and looked at Ennerdale.  Encouraged by this result, ���Ennerdale at  once seized his and rapidly turned them over.  At the first glance his face became suffused,  his mouth opened to speak, but no words  came, and it was in silence that he .held up  the trump card which secured for him the  game and the woman.  " It's yours, Dick," said Johnson quietl'y.  He rose and stood for a moment in deep  thought, with one hand pressed against his  breast pocket. Then he held out his hand  to his companion.  "Good-bye, Dick,5' he said with feeling.  Ennerdale was livid.  Without a word or deterrent gesture he  watched Johnson move slowly towards the  open window. There Jolinsoh turned and  cast a wistful glance around the room as  though bidding farewell to each familiar  object. Then he passed into the dark and  silent night.  But his  third step was arrested by   a hand  clutching his shoulder.  '" Come back, you fool ! Do you think I'm  villain enough, for that 1 Keep-your���wife,  Johnson, and gain her love.     Act   the    man  with her, not the sheep. ' And now good-bye.  We'll never meet again���that's ihe least I can  do for you. ' I don't ask for your forgiveness,  for I don't deserve it. God bless you, old  man !"  A wrench of  the hand, and he was gone.  Salaries Paid to Actresses.  Irian article on What It Means to Be an  Actress, in one of the current magazines?  Viola Allen makes some interesting statements regarding the financial, side of the  actress's life. The average salary, she declares, does not exceed from $60 to $75 a  w7eek. " Extras,5' who have on!}*- "thinking  parts/' gee from $8 to $10, and a leading  woman's salary ranges from $75 to $300 or  more ; but, whatever her rank, the actress's  expenses are greater than they would be in  almost any other vocation. She will undoubtedly have to travel much, and that  means constant hotel bills. In large cities  this will probably amount to $21 a week���  at $3 a day-���while in smaller '���.-towns t he  hotels are usually cheaper. Then her ..' latin--''  dry and other petty but necessary expenses  mount upto at least$25 a ���.week;.' V1 Let us,"  writes Miss Allen, " consider a young woman  in a first-class company-��� one who has had  several seasons' experience and who receives  $60 a week���a very good salary as the average  goes. Deducting he weekly.expenses of $25,  she has $35 left. But she has to make up  her outlay spent on gowns and hats at the  beginning of the season. If her part calls  for^playing  a  poor girl   who   wears "shabby'  j?-  clo he?, she probably has old home dresses that  she uses for ihe'purpose, and of course this is  clear    gain.      But   more   often  she required-  three or four   smart   gown*,- and    the   many  accessories    that    acj^mpaoy    them.      Two  hundred and fifty   dollars   is   a   small allowance  for   these,   particularly   in   New   York,  where dressmakers' and   milliners'   bills    are  ruinously high.     Then   it must  be  remembered that the average theatrical season  is  of  only thirty weeks' duration, so there  are  apt  to be twenty-two weeks   of  inactivity   in  the  year.     By a little mental   arithmetic  it   will  be seen that, although an actress may actually  receive $1,800 during  a   se.son,  her running  expenses amount to just $1,000, and allowing  $200 for he private wardrobe, she  only saves  $600.     This is not saved   after   all   if  she  is  entirely dependant upon her own efforts, as it  most tide her over   the   summer.     Then   the  stage dresses may need replacing   during   the  season.     There is much wear in   the  hurried  fastening and   unfastening  of  a   gown   eight  times a "week, and perhaps trailing   them   up  and  down  uncarpeied   stairs.     Then, again,  one of the great risks the actress   runs   is  the  failure or' a jday.      It   may   he   such   a   pro- ���'  hounced failure that it .is; necessary to take   it  off the stage after a/ week's   performance,*;; but'  she is only entitled to her salary for the actual  time played and for the two weeks that are always granted-a manager to cancel a contract.  Occasionally, where a s'iu,a'liT'>1vi':iiXyv:��s -given,  her gowns may be furnished, and in   costume  plays���that  is, plays   in  .periods   other than  modern������all costumes are furnished   and   designed by a special cost inner. , But, as a uile,  the actress buys her own dresses,; ��nd   this   is  not a small item in her expenses, because well'-  dressed above all things she must be. THE ECONOMIS'  18-  |  I.,.  I  Corporation  of  the   City  of-Nelson.  BY-LAW NO. 43-  A By-Law Respecting the Establishmen.  Coke and Gas Works in the City  of Nelson.  The Municipal Council of the City of Nelson enacts as follows:  1. W. H. Pearson, W. II. Pearson, Junior,  L. Ii.Mcrrifield and J. T. Wesico^'-*ri"i'erci natter called, the Company, are hereby granted  the right, subject to the terms, conditions and  provisions    hereinafter    contained,    which  ��.terms, conditions and provisions and the due  fulfillment thereof sire to he taken as conditions precedent to the enjoyment of the rights  and privileges hereby granted, to erect, construct, maintain and operate(Jas Works within the limits ol'the City of Nelson, and to lay  down, relay, connect, disconnect and repair  all pipes along. Through and under the  streets, al leys, grounds, bridges and thoroughfares of the -an: C'1i:y of Nelson, that may be  necessary i.irsu. plying gas to the consumers  thereof, and erecLany pillars, lamps or other  works, and do all other (lungs which the  Company shall deem necessary for supplying  gas tothe inhabitants or Oorpuiation ot the  said City of Nelson aforesaid, and doing as  little damage as may be in the execution of  the powers hereby granted.  2. The Company  before erecting such   pil-  . lars, lamps or other works and doing such  other things which the Company si,all deem  necessary for supplying gas to the inhabitants y of 'the City, .shall make ^application to the'City Council for permission so  ' to do naming the street or streets, alley or ��'tl-  leys. or.other places a'ong. through or under  which they desire to erect such piFlars, lamp*-  or other works or do such other things which  the Company may deem necessary, and  before proceeding in any way with any of such  ; works shall receive the approval of the City  Council."  ���\'-i..The laying down or re-laying of any  pipes or mains along, through and under the  Htreets, alleys, grounds, bridges and thoroughfares ol said City aud erecUon of any pillars,  '. lamps or.other works and the doing of all  other Things which the Company shall deem  ��� necessary, shall not be commenced until a  plan thereof shewing the,location, position  and style of such pipes, pillars, lamps, works  and things the Company f.cein necessary'  "shall have been submitted to and approved  by theCity Engineer. And the location, pos -  tion and style of such pipes or mains, pillars,  lamps, works and other things shall conform  to aud agree with the plaus approved by the  City Engineer. , .  ��� >"'* 4. The Company -shall within sixty days  from the final passage of th's By-law (unavoidable casualties of the sea" and fire not  preventing) commence to construct, crecland  ' eslablish Coke and Gas Works and buildings  adequate to the supply ofgas within the limits ol'the said Oily oi* Nelson, and such con  struction, erection and establishment shall  he carried on continuously and diligently until such works and buildings are completed  sufficiently to supply the demand for .Las,  and within six months from the final passing  ol this "By-law-shall proceed as the City Mutineer may direct to lay the requisite long: h  of mains of an adequate diameter, and sisal i  on demand supply at. ail times ^therefrom to  all persons as hereinafter mentioned an adequate amount of gas, of good quality, at the  house, shop, establishment, works or residence of the person rcquiring.the same. Ami  . the Company shall within tlie^period of two'  years from the passing of this By-law expend  upon the construct ion n ol'the Coke' and (ias  "Works and thelayingof mains aforesaid, not  less than the sum of One hundred thousand  .dollars (��100,000.00), or forfeit the rights  granted under this franchise.  5. The price of gas supplied by the Company for lighting purposes shall be controlled  '"bythe City "Council, but shall in no case without the consent of the Company be less than  S2.00 per thousand feet or more than S-'J.OO per  thousand feet, as shall supply as much gas as  may be required for lighting tlie streets with in  the limits aforesaid within fifty feet of any  main laid by the Company, and shall supply  the Corporation with gas for power purposes  if required at a price not to exceed $1.00 per  thousand feet; gas for cooking or heating purposes shallvbe- supplied at not more than  $2.00 per thousand cubic feet of gas, and gas  required for power by any person or corpora-,  tion other than the, city" shall be supplied  at not more than$2.110 per 1000cubic feet.  6.-The Company ; shttll, subject to  the provisions ; hereinafter contained,  on demand, '-'.'introduce', into and  through the cwalls or enclosures of;a  house, shop, establishment or residence of  any person requiring the same, a proper service pipe with stop cock and furnish a gas  meter if required for accurately measuring  the supply of gas to the person requiring the  same, at a fair market price, not exceeding for  all the sum of $l5.00,and shall keep such service  pipe and gas meter in proper order and repair-provided, that it shall not be eompul-  soit'oh the Company to furnish or introduce  the same as aforesaid to any shop, house, establishment or residence ia-t. adistance of more  than filty feet from their mains, save as here-  inailcr mentioned.  7 Provided that any person requiring a su p-  plv of gas if the place wherein such gas is re  qu*ircd be distant more than fifty feet from  anv main may require the Company to supply such service pipe, stop cock and meter for  the price above mentioned in addition to a  sum not exceeding 81.00 a foot on each foot of  distance over and above the said fifty feet.  8. With the'^ermis^ion of the City Council  and according to plans approved by the City  Engineer and under his supervision theCom-  i pany may, if 'found, necessary, make any  sewers that may be necessarv for carrying off  the washings and waste liquids which may  arise in the making of gas, and for the purpose aforesaid, may remove and raise a 11 ma  teriai in such stree-s aud.bridges and they  may in such streets do all other acts which  the Company shall from time to time deem  necessary for supplying ga�� to the inhabitants  within the limits specified in the second section hereof, doing as little damage as may be  in the execution of the powers hereby  granted and making compensation for any  damage that may be done in the execution of  such poweis  i) Nothing herein contained shall authorize or empower the Company to lay down or  place any pipes or other works inio, through  or against any building or any land not dedicated to public use without the consent of the  owners or occupiers thereof  10. Befor < the Com pany proceed Io open or  break up any.street, bridge or pavement  they shall give to the City Engineer or other  authority under whose control or management the same may be, notice, in writing of  theirintention to open or break up the same,  not less than three clear days before beginning such work; except in cases of emergency  arising from defects -in~the---pipes or other  works, when immediate notice shall be given.  No pipe, main, sewer, pillar, lamp or other  work or thing shall be uoed by the Company  lor any purpose until they obtain from ihe  City Engineer a certificate in writing that the  same has been erected or constructed to his  satisfaction.  1J. When the Company open or break up  the road or pavement of any stieet or bridge,  they shall, with all convenient speed, complete the work lor which the same shall be  broken or opened up. and shall fill in the  ground, reinstate and make good the road or  pavement so opened or broken up,and carry  away the rubbish occasioned thereby and  shall at, all times when required white any  such street or pavement shall be broken up,  catifK) a light sufficient, for the warning of passengers to be set up aud maintained'every  night during which same .inuli be opened or  bokon up. '-"  12 The'Company shall be liable for and shall  indemnify,the City for alL damages arising  ou t of I lie construct ion and op-oration of thei r  said Coke and Gas Works, including therein  Corporation of the City of  Nelson.  BY-LAW NO. 44.  A By-law to Raise $10,000 for the Erection  of Public Buildings.   '  the construction and 'keeping in repair of  every main, sower or any other work in respect, of this ijy-iawand the conveying of gas  or sewage through sueli mains and sewers.,,  i'>. Il'a: any time in the opinion of the City  Council ihe pro/sts on thegassold in the City  be excessive the Compnn.y'shall.submit t o arbitration the ques ion of the prices charged  for g,.s supplied and shall produce their books  and other paper.- for inspect ion ana the prices  of gas su;>piied for all purpose-* shall be reduced'as the City Council shall direct,"according to the ra'e decided by such arbitration,  but not in any case to reduce the Company'.-  proiiis under 15 per cent, per annum on the  gas business, such arbitration to be conducted  under the provision's of tlie Arbitration Act,  being Chapter 0, 18i'7, of the L}.itish_Colu;nbia  Statutes and amending Acts.  11. TheCity shall have the right on tlie expiry often years ;rom the date uf th" passing  of litis By-i.-iw to take over and own the aforesaid CoKe and Gis Works on a valuation to be  determined by arbitiation; the City ami the  Company to name each an aibitrator, and  they to name u third, a. id in ihe event of them  disagreeing on a lhiid thesame lobeappoint-  ed by the Chi--! .Just ice of tlie i/rovincc, such  arbitration Io be conducted under the Arbitration Act, Chapter'J, IS07. of the British Columbia (Statutes or it- amendments, such  valuaiion t<�� be based on the value of the  Plant at the.wne ol transfer os a going concern, and the value of itic Coke business established, hut no value shall be determined  as enuring to tiie Company by their possessing the franchise to distribute gas throughout  theCity.     ..  1-5. The location of such works to be approved of by theCity Council.  1(>. The rights, liberties and privileges "mentioned in thi.- By-law, subject toclau.-e 1-1 shall  be exclusively enjoyed save as to the Coke  works, by the Company for a period of  twon;y-flvo 3-ears.  17. A contract embodying the provisions ot  this By-law and a covenant on the part of the  Company to conform to and fulfil all Hie matters and provisions hereby required of them  shall be drawn and shall be executed by the  City and the Company within sixty "days  from the pasjing.of this By-law.  IS. Iii this : By-law. tne expression "City"  shall meau the "City of Nels.oh," "City Council" shall mean "The 'Municipal' Council' of  the City of Nelson," "City Engineer" shall  mean ''The Engineer of the City of Nelson"  and the word " Company "shall include, re-  fev to and be in every way-.' binding upon the  Company their and each Of their heirs, executors,, administratbrsandassigns. .'���  NOTICE.  Take notice that thaabove is a true,copy of  the proposed 'By-law* upon whic i thevote of  the Municipality will be taken for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for tlie West Ward, at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E. %i..ot9, Block 10; on Monday, "the 29th  day of May instant, at 8 o'clock in' the forenoon.  J. K. STRACHAN,  '���.-���    City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C., May 16,1S99,   . ���*' ���  If you want the choicest brands and  blends of'i-e'a. and cofiee, go to Morrison  & Caldwell.  Whereas a Petition has been presented to  the Municipal Council of the Corporation of  the City of -Nelson, signed by the owners of at  ieast one-tenth oi* the value'of the real property in the said City, as shown by the last revised Assessment Roll, requesting the said  Council to introduce a By-law to raise the sum  of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), for the purpose of erecting Public Buildings in the City  of Nelson or for extending and improving the  present buildings, " ��� ,  Ant. whereas it is deemed expedient to borrow the said sum of ten thousand dollars (JflO,-  000) for the purposes aforesaid,  And Whereas the whole amount of the rateable land of the said Citv, according to the  last revised Assessment ftoll. is Eight Hundred aud Six Thousand "Jiis-ht Hundred and  Seventy dollars ($800,870.00);'  And Whereas it will be necessary to raise  annually by rate the sum of Eight Hundred  and Sixty dollars (,f8G0) for paying the said  debt antl interest:  Now Therefore, the Municipal Council of  the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts  as follows:���  1. It shail-and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson* to  borrow, upon the credit of the said Corporation, by way of the Debentures hereinafter  mentioned, from any person or persons, body  or bodies corporate, who may be willing to advance the same as a loan, a sum of money not  exceeding, in the whole, the sum of ten t'hous-'  and dollars (!}!10,000), and to cause all such  sums so raised or received to be paid into the  hands of the Treasurer of the ssid Corporation  for the purpose and with the object hereinbefore recited. " i-  2. It shall be lawful for the Mayor.of tlie  said Corporation to cause any number of Debentures to be made, executed and issued for  such sum or sums as may be required for-the  purpose and object aforesaid, not exceeding  however, the sum of ten thousand dollars($10,-  000), each of the said Debentures being.of  the denomination of one thousand dollars  (���}!1,000), atid all such Debentures shall be  sealed with tlie seal of the Corporation and  signed by the Mayor thereof.  o. The said Debentures shall bear date the  twenty-fifth day of July, A. I)., 1899, and shall  be made payable in twenty years from the said  date, in lawful money of Canada, at the office of  the Bank of Montreal In Nelson aforesaid,which  said place of payment shall bedesignated by the  said Debentures, and shall have attached to  them coupons for the payment of interest, and  the signatures to the interest coupons may be  either written, stamped, printed or lithographed,  4. The said Debentures shall brar interest at  the rate of live per centum per annum from the  date thereof, which interest shall be payable  semi-anuully at snid office of the Bi-uk of  Montreal in Nelson aforesaid, in lawful-money  of Canndn, on the twentieth day of .I.-.m-mry  and twentieth day of July respectively, hic-w h  yenr during the currency thereof, and it shal!  be expressed in said Debentures and coupons  to be so payable.  5. It shall be lawful for the-Mayor of said  Corporation-to negotiate and sell the said Debentures or any of them for less than par, but  mi no ease shall the said Debentures or any of  them be negotiated or sold for less than ninety-  five per centum of their face value, including  the cost of negotiating and sale, brokerage and  all other incidental expenses.  6. There shall be raised and'levied in each  year during the currency of said Debentures  the sum of'fivc hundred dollars (Jj.'jOO) for the  payment of interest and the sum of three hundred and sixty dollars (SCOO) for the payment of  the debt due under the said Debentures by a  rate sufficient therefor on all the rateable land  in the said Municipality.  7. Itshall be lawml ,"fbr the said Municipal  Council to re-purchase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with tlie "legal holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof, either at the time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures so re-purchased shall forthwith be cancelled and destroyed, and no re-issue of Debentures so'repurchased shall be", made-in consequence of such repurchase;, "\  8. This Bv-law shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D. 1899. .y , ,:',  y':-'""y-';'-'- "��� "-"'^NOTICE./.; . v''.':"<'  Take notice that the above is a true copy of  the. proposed By-law, upon which the vote of  the Mtinicipality w'i 11 be taken, for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward at the office of the Exeh'cq-:  uer. Gold Mining Co., on the'north side of.Baker  street,' between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E.y, Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day oi May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon.    '���������..'���''..  J. K. STRACHAN,  ���".     : City Clerk,  ,  Nelson, B. C.Mav 16,1899.  real property in the City ot Nelson fas shown  by the ]a"t revised Assessment Roll)'litis been  presented to the Municipal Council oi*the Corporation of theCity of Nelson, requesting Ihe  said Council to introduce a By-law to raise  the sum of fifteen Thousand Dollars (SlO.OOh)  for the purpose of extending the Sewerage  System of the said City,  And Wjiekeas it is^deemed expedient to  to borrow the said sum of Fit teen Thousand'  dollars (��15,000),.for the purposes aforesaid,  And Where An the whole amount of rateable land of the said City, according to the  last revised Assessment Roll, is Eight Hundred and Six Thousand, Eight Hundred an.I  Seyenty dollars, ($800,870): ,  And Wjtereas it will be necessary to raise  annually by'rate the sum of Twelve Hundn d  a nd Ninety dollars ($1290) for paying said del -r  and interest;,  Now Therefore,   the Municipal Council^  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts  as follows." m  1. Itshall be lawful for the Mayor of thefl  Corporation of the City of Nelson to born.v  upon the credit of the said Corporation, by  w.iy of the Debentures hereinafter mentiom C.  from any person or persons, body or bod', s  corporate, -who may be Avilliiig to advaiv--  thesame as a loan, a sum of money not exceeding, in the whole, the sum.of Fitter >  Thousand dollars ($15,000), and to cause a!i  such sums so raised or received to be paid iins��  t he hands of the treasurer ol'the said Corpoi ;> -  tion, for the purpose aiuLwith the object be,- c-  inbefore recited.  2.-It shall be lawful for the Mayor of the said  Corporation to cause any number of Debentures to be made, executed and issued for sin h  sum or sums as may be required for the purpose and object aforesaid, not exceeding, lun -  ever, the sum oD Fifteen Thousand dollai -  (15,000); each of the said Debentures being <f  denomination of One Thousand dollars ($10C: t  and all such Debentures shall be sealed wil .1  the seal ol'the Corporation tind signed ,by tl."  Mayor thereof.  3. The said Debentures shall bear date Lh-  20th rij.y of July, A. D., 1809; andshall bemad"  ���psiyable in20yearf>f:oni the said date,in lav--  fnl money of Canada,atlhe office of the Bank (-i"  Montreal in Nelson aforesaid, which said plac-  of pnyment shall be designated by. the said  Debentures, and shall have attached" to them  coupons for the payment of. interest, and th"  signatures to the interest coupons may be  either written, stamped, printed or lithographed.  \. Thesaid Debentures shall bear-interest at  the rate of 5 per centum per annum Irons the  date thereof," which interest, shall be payable  semi-annually1'at said oflico of the Bank  of Montreal in Nelson aforesaid, in  lawful mon y of Canada on the 20th day of  January and 20th day of July, respectively, in  each year during the currency thereof, and it  shall be expressed in said Debentures and  coupons to be so payable. < -  5. It shall bo lawful for the Mayor of thesaid���  Corporation to negotiate and sell the saidDe  bentures or any oft hem for less than par; but '  in no case shal It he said Debentures or any of  them be negotiated or sold for less than 95 per  centum of theirface value, including tne cost  of negotiating and sale,  brokerage  aud all  other incidental expenses.  0. There shall be raised and levied in each  year during the currency of caid Debentures  ih^sum oi Seven'|I-Ii ndrcd and Fifty dollars  ($750) for the paymen:. of interest, and the sum  ot Five Hundred, and Forty dollars (S5t0) for  the payment of the debt due under the said  Debentures by a rate sufficient therefor on  all the rateable land in the said Municipality.  7. It shall be lawful for the said Municipal  Council lore-purchase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with the lesral holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof, eitheratthe time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures so re-purchased shall be forthwith cancelled and cb'st'-oyed. and norc-issue of Debentures so re-purchased shall be made in consequence of such repurchase.  8. This Bv-kiw shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D. 1899.  NOTICE.  of  of  Take notice that the above is a true copy  the proposed By-law, upon which the vote  the Municipality will bo taken, for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward at the office oi the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay,streets,,  oh E. y2 LotO, Block 10;.on Monday, the 29th  May instant,;ut 8 o'clock in the forenoon.  day  Nelson, B. C.  J. K. STRACHAN,  -'"������v.-���������:���;.,.���*',".'��� .'::������ �����."��� City Clerk.  May 10,1899. -:;vV^.  rpo ration  tty  BY-LAW NO. 38.  A By  law to Raise  the  Sum of $15,000 to  Extend the Sewerage System.!  Land Act Amendment Act, 1899.  Notice fs hereby given that 80 days after  date I intend to make application to the Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to purchase the. following;, described  lands: :  Situated about one mile south of Duck  Creek, and about two miles north of Welland  Bay, in the District, of West Kootenay, and  commencing at a post planted at the southwest corner (marked D. F. Cowan's S.W. Corner Post,) thence east forty \4U) chains, thenqe  north forty (40) chains, thencenvest forty ,(40)  chains, thence south forty (40) chains to the  point of" commencement, and,containing one (j  hundred and sixty acres of land, more or less. ���:-  Dated at Creston, B. C, this 13th day of  March, 1899. ���  D.F. COWAN. '  tf-cv   ; -J*  Whereas a Petition signed  ers of at least one-tenth of the  by.:-the.'own-  value of the  liipton's teas, 60 c to 75c.  &���'Caldwell.'-.'  Morrison  ;rrt,*a^^<7^.^m:��vtrt\^  HaiiBaassBSMasBae6 THE ECONOMIST.  h  Corporation of the City of  Nelson.  BY-LAW NO. 40.  By-law  to   Raise  $30,000 to Extend the  Waterworks System.  )���-  /���*-  (  \ ���-  the  De-  for  the  Whereas a Petition has been presented to  the Municipal Council of the Corporation of  . the City of Nelson, signed by the owners of at  least one-tenth of the value of the real property of the said City (as shown by the last Assessment Roll), requesting the said Conncil to  introduce a By-law to raise the sum of thirty  ��-r v       thousand dollars ($30,000), for the purpose of  .TyJ*      extending the Waterworks System of the said  City.  And whereas it is deemed necessary and expedient to extend the Waterworks System of  ' '   the City of Nelson for the convenience of the  citizens and for fire protection,  And wherras it is expedient to borrow the  said sum of thirty thousand dollars (?30,000),  for the purposes aforesaid,  And Whereas the whole amount of the rateable land of the said City, according to the  last revised Assessment Roll, is eight hundred  and six thousand and eight hundred and  seventy dollars ($806,870);  And whereas it will be requisite to raise annually bv rate the sum of two thousand five  hundred"and eighty dollars ($2,580) for paying  the said debt and interest,   .  Now, therefore, the Municipal Council of  the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts as  follows:  1. It shall and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson to borrow, upon the credit of the said Corporation,  by way of the Debentures hereinafter mentioned, from any person or persons, body or  ��� bodies corporate, who may be willing to advance the same as a loan, a sum of money not  exceeding in the whole the sum of thirty  thousand dollars ($30,000), and to cause all such  sums so" raised or received to be paid into the  hands of the Treasurer of the said Corporation,  for the purposes and with the objects hereinbefore recited.  ' 2. It shall be lawful for the Mayor of  said Corporation to cause any number of  bentures to be made, executed and issued  such sum or sums as may be required for  Eurposc and object aforesaid, not exceeding  owever, the sum-of thirty thousand dollars  ($30,000), each of the said Debeutures being of  the. denomination oi one.thousand dollars  ($1,000), and all such Debentures shall be sealed  with the seal of the Corporation and signed by  .    '    the Mayor thereof.  3. The said Debentures shall bear date the  twentieth day of July, A. D., 1899,  and shall be made payable in twenty years  from the said date, in lawful money of Canada, at the office of the Bank of Montreal, in'  Nelson aforesaid, which said place'of payment  shall be designated by the said Debentures,  and shall have attached to them coupons for  ' the payment of interest and the signatures to  the interest coupons may be either written,  stamped, printed or lithographed.  4. Thesaid Debentures shall bear interest  at the rate of 5 per centum per annum from  the date thereof, which interest shall be payable semi-annuallv at the said ofiiee of the  Bank of Montreal fn Nelson aforesaid, in lawful money of Canada, on the twentieth day  of January and the twentieth day of July, respectively, in each year during the currenny  ''      thereof, and it shall be expressed in said Debentures and coupons to be so payable.  5. It shall be lawful for the Mayor of said  Corporation to negotiate and sell the said Debentures or any of them for less than par; but  in no ease shall the said Debentures or any of  them be negotiated or sold for less than 95 per  centum of their face value, including the cost  of negotiating and sale, brokerage and all  other incidental expenses;      -,. y���'��� "'��� v  6. There shall be raised and levied in each  vear during the currency of said Debentures  the sum of fifteen hundred dollars ($1,500); for  the payment of; interest and the sum;; of one  thousand and eighty dollars ($1,080), for the  payment of the debt due under the said Debentures by a fate sufficient therefor on all  the rateable land in the said Municipality.  7.; It shall be lawful for the said Municipal  Council to purchase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may be agreed upon  with the legal holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof either at the��� time of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures so repurchased shall forthwith be eanr  celled and destroyed, and no reissue of Debentures so repurchased shall be made in consequence of such repurchase.  8. This By-law shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D., 1899.  Corporation of the City of Nelson  BY-LAW NO. 30.  A By  law to Raise  Improve  $15,000 to Extend  Electric Light.  ind  Whereas a petition has been presented  to the Municipal Council of the Corporation  of the City of Nelson, signed by the owners of  at least one-tenth of the value of the real  property in the said city, as shown by the last  revised Assessment Boll, requesting the said  Council to introduce a By-law to raise the  sum of fifteen thousand dollars|($15,000; for the  purpose of extending and improving the Electric Light system works and plant in the City  ofNelson.  And whereas it is deemed expedient to  borrow the said sum of fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) for the purposes aforesaid.  And whereas the whole amount ol the  rateable land of the said City, according to  the last revised Assessment Roll, is eight  hundred and six thousand eight hundred and  seventy dollars (8806,870);  And whereas It will be necessary to raise  annually by rate the sum of twelve hundred  and ninety dollars ($1,290) for paying the said  debt and interest,  Now, therefore, the Municipal Council of  the Corporation of the City ofNelson enacts  as follows:  1., It shall and may be lawful for the Mayor  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson to  borrow, upon the credit, of the said Corporation, by way of the debentures hereinafter  mentioned, from any person or persons, body  or bodies corporate, who may be willing to  advance thesame as a loan, a sum of monej'',  not exceeding, in the whole, thesum-of fifteen  thousand dollars ($15,000), and to cause all  such sums so raised or received to be paid  into the hands of the treasurerof thesaid Corporation, for the purpose and with the object  hereinbefore recited.  2. It shall be lawful for the Mayor of the said  Corporation to cause any number of Debentures to be made, executed and issued for such  sum or sums as may be required for the purpose and'object aforesaid, not exceeding,  however, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars  (��15,000) ; each of the said Debentures being of  the denomination of one thousand dollars  ($1,000) and all such Debentures shall be sealed  w;ith the seal of the Corporation and signed  by the Mayor thereof.  3. The said Debentures shall bear date the  Twentieth day of July A. D. 1899, and  shall be made payable in twenty years  from the said date, in lawful money of Canada, at the office ol'the Bank of Montreal- in  Nelson aforesaid, which said, place- of payment shall be designated by the said Debentures, and shall have attached to them coupons for the payment of interest, and the signatures to the interest coupons may be either  written,stamped, printed or lithographed.  4. Thesaid Debentures shall bear interest at  the rate of 0 per centum per annum from the  date thereof, which interest shall be payable  semi-annually at said office of the Bank of  Montreal, in Nelson 'aforesaid, in lawful  money of Canada, on the twentieth day of  January and the twentieth day of July  respectively, in each year during the currency thereof, and shall be expressed in said  Debentures and coupons to be so paj'able.  It shall be lawful for the Mayor of "said  Corporation of the City of  Nelson.  BY-LAW HO. 4a.  A   By-law   respecting  an   Electric   Street  NOTICE.  Take notice that the above is a true copy of  the proposed By-law, upon whic 1 the vote of  1 he Municipality will be taken for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the West Ward, at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co., on north side of Baker  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  on E. K Lot 9, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day of May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon. ���   ,"'���'.  J. K. STRACHAN,  City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C, May 16,1899,  If you want the choicest brands and  blends of tea and coffee, go to Morrison  |& Caldwell.  Corporation to negotiate and sell the said Debentures or any of them for less than par ; but  in no case, shall.the said Debentures or any of  them be negotiated or sold for less than  95 per centum of their face value, including the cost of negotiating and sale, brokerage and other incidental expenses.  6. There shall be raised and levied in each  year during the currency of said Debentures  the sum of seven hundred and fifty dollars  (8750) for the payment of interest and the sum  of five hundred and forty dollars (1540) for the  Sayment of the debt due under the said De-  enturesby a rate sufficient therefor on all  the rateable land in the said Municipality.  7. It shall be lawful for the saidMunicipal  Council to repurchase any of the said Debentures upon such terms as may. be agreed upon  with the legal holder or holders thereof, or  any part thereof, either at the time Of sale or  any subsequent time or times, and all Debentures so re-purchased sbaHforthwith be cancelled and destroyed, and no re-issue of Debentures so re-purchased shall be made in  consequence of such re-purchase.  8. ThisBjMaw shall take effect on the first  day of June, A. D. 1899. >  NOTICE.  Take notice that the above is a true copy of  the proposed By-law, upon which the vote of  the Municipality will be taken, for the East  Ward at the Fire Hall, on Josephine street;  for the Westward at the office of the Exchequer Gold Mining Co-, on north side of Baker,  street, between Stanley and Kootenay streets,  onE.V^IiOty, Block 10; on Monday, the 29th  day May instant, at 8 o'clock in the forenoon.  J. K. STRACHAN,  City Clerk.  Nelson, B. C., May 16,1899.  SS B  Having purchased the express and dray ing  business of J. W. Cowan, we are prepared to  do all kinds of work in this line, and solicit  the patronage of the people ofNelson. Orders  left at D. MeArthur <fc Co's store, northwest  corner Baker and Ward streets, will receive  prompt attention.   Telephone 85.  Go.rher'. Davis & Go.  Hallway in the City  of Nelson.  Whereas, Thomas J. Duncan and Francis  W. Peters, both of the City of Nelson, (representatives of the British Electric Traction  Company, Limitedf)hereinafter!called the"ap  plicants," have applied to the City of Nelson  for the right of constructing, equipping,  maintaining and operating ��� street railway  line* in the City of Nelson, and,  Whereas, the applicants have applied for  the authority, right and privilege to build,  equip, maintain aud operate and from time  to time remove and change a'double track or  single track railway or tramway, with all  necessary sidetracks, switches and turnouts,  poles, wires, conduits, and all appliances for  therunningofcars,carriagesand other vehicles on.over and along the streets or highways  of the Oity of Nelson, and  Whereas, It has been deemed advisable to  grant the request of the said applicants, subject to the terms arid conditions" and provisoes hereinafter contained, and on the distinct agreement that the fulfilment of said  terms,conditions and provisoes In so-.far as  thesame are prior in point of time to construction and operation of such railway, line  j)r=pojrthin^thereof shall be conditions precedent to the construction and operatipja  thereof, and in so far as the terms and conditions hereinafterjcontalned relate to the opera-'  tion, conduct and management of said railway =line or system, or any part thereof, the  sameand the fulfilnientofthe same, shall iriall  cases be conditions precedent tothe continued  enjoyment of the rights and privileges of the  applicants under this By-law.  "Now, therefore, the Municipal Council  of the Corporation of the City of Nelson enacts as follows: ��  1. Subject to the fulfilment by the appli-  plicants of the terms, conditions and provisoes hereinafter contained, which terms,  conditions and proviso*�� and the due iulfil-  ment thereof are to be taken as hereinbefore  stated as condition.s precedent to the enjoyment of the rights and privileges hereby  granted, the applicants are hereby given "and  granted the exclusive right and privilege to  construct and maintain, complete and operate double andsingle track railways or tramways, and from time U> time to change a double to a single track railway or tramway,and  vice versa, with the necessary sidetracks,  switches, turnouts, poles, wiro>-, conduits, and  all appliam es for the running of cais, carriages  and other vehicles adapted to the -aine on,  over and along any of the streets or highways  of the cf'.y of-Nelson, and to run th'-ir ��� urs,  take, transport and' carry pm-scngcr.- and  freight on the same, by electric power or such  other pow r as may be found praH.iculilc, but  such power otner than electric power'shall,  beforebeinjr used, be lirst approved bv the  City Council.  2. The lines of said railway are to be built,  equipped and oivrated subject to the following regular ions, and the applicant- are to conform thereto:1  (a.) The applicants bef re enleripty on any  street to construct any line of rail\��ay shall  make application to the  City for poni'is��.on  so to do, naming the street or streets :. cross  or along which  they desire  works, and before  in any  with the work shal receive  theCity Council.  (6.) The construction of any line of railway  on any stree; or highway shall not be commenced until a plan thereof showing the location on street, position and style of track,  road bed, rails, poles wires, and all other appliances shall have been submitted tj6 and approved by the City Engineer. ;  (c.) No approval either of the City Council  or the City Engineer shall have any force or  effect if the railway line for which the same  has been given has not been fully constructed  and in operation within twelve months from  the time of such approval;  (d.) The location on streets, position, style  and guage of the tracks, roadbed, rails, poles,  wires, and all other appliances shall conform  to and agree with the plans approved by the  City Engineer, and the guage shall be standard guage (4.feet 8% inches).  (e.) No new line or extension oi existing  lines shall be opened for -traffic until the applicants have obtained a certificate in writing  from/the City Engineer that the same has been  constructed to his satisfaction, subjec;. to appeal from the decision of the City Engineer in  the event of refusal to grant such certificate.  (/.) The overhead or trolley system is to be  adopted.  (o.) All poles erected shall be so placed as  to interefere as little as possible with all Other  uses of said streets, and both 'material and  workmanship of said poles shall be of first-  class quality, aiid on all graded streets said  poles shall be painted;,the applicant* shall  have the use of all electric light poles owned  by the City for street railway purposes, provided the same are properly braced and protected by the applicants, with the approval of  the City Engineer.  (h. The coaches and cars to be used on the  said line of rail way shall be of the most modern style and construction, suitable for the  safety and comfort of the passengers; shall  when in operation be always sufficiently  lighted and heated, and shall have painted on  conspicuous parts thereof in large plain letters, so that the same may be readily seen by  day or night, the route or streets on which  the same are to be operated, j:  (t.) Each car is to be in charge of a uniformed conductor, who shall clearly announce  the names of cross streets as the cars, reach  to oj-r-ra-te their  way proceeding  approval of  the  them. Conductors shall only receive and discharge passengers on the right or curb side  of the cars on double track routes. Cars are  not to be overcrowded (acomfortable number  of passengers for each class of cars is to be determined by the City Engineer and approved  by the City Council). Cars shall be stopped  at every cross street clear of such cross stieet  for taking up or letting off passengers; provided no car shall be required to stop at such  cross street unless signalled by a person or  persons desiring to board such car,.or>by.a  fierson or persons on such car desiring to Jbe ���  et off. Cars are to commence running .daily  on all routes not later than 6:30 a. in., and to  run until 11 p. ro., and each day:at least 15  cars shall be run each way on each route, and  when the census taken by the city shows that  the City has a population of 12,000, then at  such intervals between 6 a. m. and 11 p. m.,a��  4he City Engineer, with the approval of the  City Council, may from time to time determine.  (j.) The tracks of sauLra.lway line shall be  laid, on streets improved and graded, so .that  carriages and other vehicles may easily travel  over and across at any or all points thereof  with'the least possible  obstruction, and .on  streets not constructed according to any established grade the said tracks of said .railway  lines maybe temporarily laid, but shall,be.so  constructed as not to interfere with or obstruct the crossings of any streets intersected  by said line, and on such streets between such '  intersections the said railway shall be laid .-so  as to impede as little as possible trafficthereon,  and according to plans approved by the City  Engineer; and as soon as such streets are -  graded, the said tracks shall be altered tocon-  forrirto such grade, at the expense of the applicants, and the said tracks shall then be so  laid ;that carriages and other vehicles may   ���  easily travel over", on, or across them. '  '���(��) Upon streets which are not yet improved and opened up by the City of Nelson -  the tracks of said railway lines may be tern- '  porarily laid according to plans approved of '  by theCity Engineer,and may be thereafter  altered by the applicants, and the City of Nelson will assist the applicants by paying one-  half the costs of clearing trees and stumps and  ditching such portion of the streets as maybe  required to be so cleaned and ditched, or at.  the option of the City, such work, may, be *  done by the City, and one-half of the costs  thereof shall be defrayed by the applldants  and should the applicants require to do  such work in connection with the opening up  of such streets, the City will give the'applicants the free use of earth and rock on the  streets which they may tneed for ballast or  otherwise/and which in the opinion'of the  City Council is not required by the City, for  street purposes; but such material is not to be  taken so as to bring the streets below the grade  as established for such street or streets  (L) Ordinary carriages  and other vehicles *'  may travel on, over and across the said tracks, *  and it shall be lawful for all and every person  and persons whomesoever to travel upon and .  use the said tracks with their carriages or  other vehicles, loaded or empty, when and so  often as they may please, provided they do  not impede or interfere with the cars of the  applicants running thereon, and subjectataU  times tothe right of the applicants to keep  upon the said  tracks with their cars when  meeting or overtaking any carriage or other  vehicle thereon.   The cars of the applicants   ,  shall be entitled to the right of way. on said  tracks, any vehicle, horseman or foot passen-,  per upon .said tracks shall turn out on the ap-.  proach of any car soas to leave thesaid tracks '  clear; due warning being given at the intersection of streets of the approach of the said  car by the ringing of a gong or bell.  (m.) Said applicants shall at. all times maintain the ties, stringers, rails, turnouts, curves,  sidetracks, poles wires and conduits in a state  of thorough efficiency and to the satisfaction  of the City Engineer, andishall remove.renew  andreplacethe same as circumstances may  require and as theCity Engineer may direct.  {n.) Said applicants shall at all times keep  so much of the graded streets occupied by  their said lines of railway as may lie between  ,  the rails of every track and between the lines  of every double track and for a space of eighteen (18) Inches on the outside of every track  in good repair cleared of snow, ice and other .  obstructions, and shall; cause the snow, ice  and other  obstructions to be removed as.  speedily as possible, the show and ice to be  spread over the balance of the street so as  to afford a safe and unobstructed passage way  for carriages and other vehicles.   Should the  City Engineer at any time consider that the  show or ice so obstructing the sn.id portions of  the said streets has not been properly or as  speedily as possible removed from or about  the tracks of the said railway lines or not  properly or as speedily as possible spread  over the said streets, he may cause the same  to be  removed  or spread as aforesaid and  charge the expense thereof to the said appli  cants, who shall at once nay the same to the  City.   If, however, theCity Engineer isof the  opinion that such snow or ice should be removed entirely from the streets soas to afford  a safe passage for sleighs and other vehicles,  the said applicants' shall at once do so at their  own expense and charge, or in case of their  neglect the City Engineer  may do  so and  charge the expense to them, and they shall  pay the same.  (0) The Mayor, the Chief of Police or the  Chief of the Fire Department of the said City  may order a suspension of the running of the  cars on the streets used by. the. said lines ot  railway, or anv of them, as he or they may  deem necessary dining any fire on such street  or, streets. In case of tire the Chief of the Fire  Brigade, or all officers of the City authorized  by the Mayor may cut or pull down any wires,  poles, structures or appliances used to operate the cars on said lines, or any of them, or  incidental thereto, and neither the City nor  such officers shall be liable for any loss or  damage resulting from the cutting or pulling  down thereof, but shall only be liable for the  actual cost or expense of repairing or replae-  .'i  U 1  ���Jtr  '*M  '           4(S I  8  -ing the same  THE ECONOMIST.  Firp iv^CVT- Themembers'ofthe Police or  iVunifoSLnH ortlY? City oi"^son, when  exbihiH,^' a,nd,thf,policemen and ."  chaVJgeon?-b^euretobe  no���?��fn' P+&0���ies^it?1^ the powers of  five years' prospective profits shall be arrived  at br calculating the average profit  ^ three years previous  umption and three  fjlilnro tf, ~i *    - ,     "t,*1>1    MIJUU1U  rCSl  la lure to obtain electric power, or fi  from  om any  are not  exercised with the permission and un  direction of the City Engineer.  7. The applicants shall commence thr  building and equipping of the  way in the City within a pei  i?^L,tl,an <?����Me tiieordfm  are not to be  _  i nary maximum  'o't"i'i;.   A class of tickets must be sold at  not  less  than   twelve  School   ' " "  single fare  mence the actual  ir lines of rail-  of four (4)  ,     inuyu ui LlllS bjr-law,a_ I  struction. shall be thereafter carried  on continuously and'diligently until the ap-  '    at least  two  and should any  tho anJuy dfstJUtcarise between the City and  the applicants with reference to the  nsc  ri/>n.>,. *r-��� "" "ll1-' W1 twenlv (20) for one  thP^PB��^ i"g on the cars between the time  and 8  a   Tm��1Kie ,runuhl* iu th�� morning  anas  a.   ni.,   and   between  6n   m   and 7���������.()  orih-e'com^018^'^ sold 011& aUhe offices"  pt the Company within the Citv of Nelson to  namM2 workmen,   who must  state -their ,  ieason��.i~ oec W,on' and comply with other  ,an   "!^conditions.   The class '  h??P*"?med' excelJt work  bona  plicants shall have completed  miles of their line-of railway in the City of  Nelson, and should any question arise as to  whether said railway is" being constructed continuously and diligently the City Engineer  shall have the power to decide upon said question, and his decision shall be binding upon  the applicants unless appealed.from as hereinafter mentioned. All repair and construction shops, ofhees, car sheds or barns and general buildings (except power house) used by  the applicants in the operation , of the railway shall be within the limits ol'the City.  8. The applicants shall be liable for and  Khali indemnify the Oity for alljdamagesarising  out of the construction* or operating of their  railway  STRACHAN,  City Clerk,  Stock  for  the   Nelson   Athletic  out of any other portioned is ���W Oil   the    market.  apS^S^^ capital has. been fixed at $25,-  000, in shares of $1 each.  Attention is directed to  the  9. The Council may, after the  or portions of the provisions of this Bylaw, or should there be an appeal from the decision of the City Engineer with respect to the  carrying out of any other portion'or portions  of the provisions of this By-law, then such dispute or .appeal shall be settled by arbitration, and such arbitration shall be conducted [by three arbitrators, one to bejjehosen  by each of th�� parties hereto, and a third  to be appointed by -the two so' chosen as  aforesaid. In the event of either party hereto  failing, neglecting or refusing to choose an arbitrator for fifteeu days after being requested  in writing by the other party to do so, then  the party who makes such request shall appoint the arbitrator for and on behalf of the  party so failing, neglecting or refusing as  aforesaid, and iii" the further event of the said  tw'o arbitrators being unable or failing to agree  upon the said third arbitrator for one week af  ter their appointment, or flip onnnirftimnt ^  '{  fact  took  that some of the ladies who  part in getting up the library  took away, by mistake, dishes that  did not belong to them. They are  requested to return the same and  get their own in exchange.  The library ball  was  a  success,  financially    and    otherwise,  present enjoyed themselves.  All  ets at HTp-nn?nW0M 'Soa11 issue tranter tick-  tnS��nt���t!^,?��I,u.!:_of S0nP^"ns or ���crossing line  Ot  of  injuries received   by  the plaintiff on a railway,.due, the  severe bodily  d.r.H,.,,  ��.,   "st^s of tho  I'oay* having Jui is-  ?,?����..      * ii-ne not exceeding twenty dot-  "     ��d m My *"���* S'atlou ", .SSS| P'��inuff claimed, to .he ueglige^  ���of the defendant railway company's'  servants.     Mr.   C������,  same, and shall be used wir.iiiYteii mm.,. ^  upon the next availableear ue, anim- )tL��l  to^S^^^  o. The propertyof the appli  exempt lor the space of ten (10) years from  municipal taxation, and no municipal taxes  or licenses shall be levied or collected from  the applicants during said period upon said  ..property, orforoperating and carrying on said  railway.  6. Whenever the City of Nelson decides to  - pare any street or highway traversed by  1  an  t  e  sa  per cent per annum, loss any damages pa\:  able as .aforesaid.    Cpon  completion of such  two miles of railway said sum of 4.2,000 shall be  repaid to said applicants, or their/issign  interest in themeanume at the  rate ol  cent per annum.  11. [1 tne applicants comply with the provisions of this Dy-lay and shall operate the  said lineorlines ot railway in accordance with  the sama .they shall be entitled to enjoy the  rights and privileges graned under th.i& By-law  exclusively for tne. term ol thirtv-Ji\e" (35)  years, and at the expiration thcreoi the Cit\-  ol" N'elson may on giving one j ear's notice, of  thoirintention so rodu. assume the owners!.'  ol thesaid railway and  , with  o per  by the Legislature oi* the Proy-  mco of .British Columbia, and so long as the  applicants comply wall the terms of this liy-  ly other party or  or corporation in oot-iiuing from the  any rights or privileges to enter  upon or occupy any oi the streets of the City  ,,, v, i ��� j-or the purpose of operating a street  ystem.    The cost  of the i��>  jaw will not consent to, nor-appnA'e oi,  firm, or in any way assist any other pa  company  Legislatur  of the legislation  oi .Nelson for  ra.lwaysyst< _-- ~v,.,���  to be ijam by the applicants.  17. Ail provisions of this .By-law shall apply  to any extension of this railway beyond the  limits of the City, or any line or 1  of both tracks and between each inside of both  tracks commonly known as the "de\il"  trii  ���-   the parts referred  io as aforesaid shall  keptoonstaufcly in. good repair bylho   ��<u'd  plicants, who shall also constriu-'t and ke^  good   repair crossings   of simila  ap-  jp in  nature   to  tnose adopted by the Citv within the limit-  aforesaid at-the.intersection of everv railvav  .trackand cross street.- in t.i.vo t;^ cftv En m'u-  eer considers that the i>avhig or reitairi'ii'"? of  pavement on streets within the Hues a hove  mentioned has not been properlvorsialicientlv  done, the City may direct that 'the v, oi-k ni'i'v  be done and completed under the directions o*i  tne City Engineer, and in ��u.ch e.i-es ni  penses and charges to which thet'it v- has  jait shall be for tin. ith p��u"��l to tlie C'i t \  applicants, it being the undeiM  any<}uestion as to whether repair  j���ry or have been ])roperly done  I 1,"d11,,iefsor/��"'wayttulL railway svstcm and  a l.the plants, apj.liunces and other mSncnv  connected  there, ill,  upon "the terms heieVr-  i alter mentioned, provided.for a* to arbitra-  ion. and the notice required in such cate shall  be one j car, and until such a^smnpt ion and  purchase the riKht.s_ ��,,<! 1)rivileges arc to be  !J*!j���";'e,,, /,��- ,l,,��: 'M'Plicuiiit beyond the sakl  period ot Ihirti-iive ,\ear.s,  on and  subject to  the railway company's council, was rioted  fur his ovet bearing manner in examining witnesses and endeavoring to disconceri them. This  witness, however, determined not  lo be confused by his opponent's  counsel. After becoming thoroughly  provoked by the attacks of the  man of  law he remonstrated. "Mr.  C /' said he, ' I am an invalid.  I cannot allow you to question  me  in this manner.     It is   a   positive  injury   to   my    nervous    system,  which i3 at best in a shattered condition.     I shali have to refuse   to  answer your questions   unless  you  put them in a different manner.   I  am troubled on account of the   injury received on the   railway  with  sclerosirfof  the   spinal   cord.     At  this minute I can see  you   double,  and you know by experience it  ex-  boen  by the  aiming, that  ���> are neees-  b\ the Citv  contract embodying the provisions  md a covenant ou the part of the applicants to coniorni to and fulfil all the matters and provisions hereby required of them, p-enerauy enough to up-set a  shall be drawn and shall executed-by the City  and the applicants wittiiu tour (4j months  u\>m the passing ot this by-law.  jJl. In   this By-law the express  IS  man  to see  shall mean the City ofNelson; "City Council"  tne City Council ot the City o  shall be subject to theueci.>ion of the Citv  En- I J  g incur.  The  Citv   shall  Mjnption iiMi going eolicern  oi the full  value  of the same  \alueof the pavement niadi  the expense of the apj  >y arbitration,  upon payment  including the  or done  bv or at  icants, to be determined  upon reasonable notice of  .their intentions so to do. have theriirht to take  iip and rephye the streets traversed bv the  railway line fur1 the purpose of alterin<V the  grades thereof, co'i^tni'-tine or repairing pavements, sewers, drains or conduits, orfor'laviii"-  down or rr^au-jng water or gas pipes, and" for  ,    .        , ,      md shall upon  the expiration  I or such year^n-.t cepiiv to tlie annlica i s in  j addition to to the a,tual ^.alne 5} the actua  and tangible property, plants, equinmeas  and works connected there.vith and neeessarv  1 to th(, operation of the railway a further sum  ^. h^ars'.prospootivc profits in eorint-tion  aw th the business as a  xpressioh "City"  i  ty of jS'elson; "City  the Engineer ol the City ofNelson,  applicants" shall include, rein every way binding upon  their and each of their heirs,  executors, administrators aud assigns where  named and mentioned in connection with  word "applicants,"' whereever the same oc-  ciirS in this l$y-law, and shall also whereever  referred to be binding in, every, way upon a  company to belormea aud organized by the  applicants and their associates.  .Doneand passed in council at the Citj  Nelson, the day of A. D., IbUD.  Engineer,  ana the word  Jer to   and. be  the applicants.  you once  j)  of  NOTICE.  Take notice that the above is a true  the proposed By-law, upon Which the  copy  vote  of  of  x   ..    ���j ...,., i.pyn wjinui  tne vote oil  going concern, and such I the luunicipality will be taken, for the East  From Scotland comes the   story  of a man who had to   dismiss   his,  gardener for dishonesty.     For the  sake of the man's wife and  familjr,  however, he gave him a " character,''  framing it in this wise :   "I hereby  certify that A. B. has been my gra-  dener for over two years, and*  that  during that time he has  got   more  out of my garden than any man   I  ever employed." THE ECONOMIST.  9  T  if--  b  p :-  1  %���  '}  Notice.  Nelson, B. C., May 6th, 18(j9.  As the announcement  has   been  made that the Government of British Columbia purpose enforcing the  amendment  to  the    Metalliferous  Mines    Inspection   Act,    making  eight hours a working day for those  employed  underground in   metalliferous mines; Stc. (13) "No   person shall^be employed underground  in any metalliferous mine for more  than eight hours in  every twenty-  four  hours;''  the underground, as  representing one of the two  parties  mainly affected, consider it advisable to make public their  view*   <>n  the situation  created   bv thi.-   un-  called for legislation, and  to  indicate what their line of action must  inevitably be.  ^ While the undersigned are determined to respect and adhere to ihe  laws of the Province, it may u be  pointed out that this law is far-  reaching in the injuries it must inflict upon the mining interests of  the Province, and of the amount of  wages earned by the men.  It means reducing the hours of  labor in the mines from twenty  hours a day to sixte en. as manv of  the mines are so circumstanced that  three shifts cannot be worked to;  advantage. This means a redue-:  tion .of 20 per cent, in the amouni*  of the production of many mines, j  and a reduction of 20 per cent, in  the development work being carried  on in mines preparing for   prqduc-  Will be able to supply common brick, presed brick  and  lime the coming season.  CONTRACTORS  CAM GET'PR/CES   BY APPLYING TO  T.G.  Office West of Hudson's Bay Stores, Baker Street.  WADDS BROS.,  Photographers  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelsou.  M, R.SMITH& CO.  (Established 1858.)  Manufacturers of  BISCUITS AND CONFECTIONERY  ^tEeErKri?ns:orCARLEV victoria and Vancouver  Tinsmith Ing  Plumbing  AND  Josephine Street  Heating  HORSE SHOEING  Nelso  tion, and a  reduction  in the supplies used in the mines.  The most amicable relations existed, and still exist, between the  employers and employed at the  mines. The men were earning good  wages, equal to any being paid * in  camps in the United States, and  higher than those paid in many,  and they were rendering good service for these wages. If any discontent was rife at the existing  state of affairs, it was not generally  C"* ��r  known. It is therefore deeply to  be regretted that the Legislature  has seen fit to disturb the existing  harmony, to interfere with the  growing procperity of the mining  districts, to rediiGe the wage-earn*  ing power of the men employed,  and to interfere with the free right  ; of contract hitherto enjoyed.  As to the future after the 1st of  June next, at the mines.represented  by the undersigned, the standard  rate of wages that; will, be paid fcb  skilled miners for an eight-hours'  working day will be three dollars  ($3.00), and other labor will neces-  STARTLERS  IX PRICEI, OF   . %  Wall Paper  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  Nelson Blacksmith Co.  H. A. PROSSER, Manager. Lake St., Opp. Court House.  NELSON, B. C  I  -AT-  Thomson's   Book  Store.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  uvincible, Royal Arthur. Bellerophon, Elk  .. urn pet. Willie, Florence G. and Gerald "F  Fraction Mineral Claims, situate in the Nelson  Mining Division of West Kootenav District.  Where Located:   On Eagle Creek and near  the headwaters thereof."  Take notice :that I, John McLatchie, free  miner's certificate No. 2.078A for myself and  as agent for Solomon Johns, free miner's certificate No. 2,348A and.���William George" Robinson, freemiher's certificate"No.- 13;584A, intend, sixty daj's from the date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a eertificate'of  improvements^ for the.: purpose of obtaining  Crown Grants of the above claims. And fur-  ther.take notice that action, under section 37,  ��� must be ��� commenced before ;tlie- jssuance of  such certificate of improvements.  JOHN MeLATCI-1 IE, P. L. S.  Dated this 20th day of April, 1899.  if        '   - "     "'  West Kootenay Butcher Co  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL DEALERS IN  FRESH AND SALT MEATS.  Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices.  j       Mail orders receive careful attention.  1      Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats and supplies  i  kept in stock.  �� E. C TRAVES, Manager.  sarily be also paid for according to  the time worked.  The Hall MiNEs^Ltd.  The London & British Colum-  ..BIA GOLDFIELDS, Ltd.  ���The   Athabasca  Gold Mine,  Limited.  The Ymir Gold Mines, Ltd.  -���The London  Hill   Development & Mining Company.  The Exchequers G old ��� M ining  . Company. .���������[��� ������.-;.������.��� ���   ,,   . '*."������  The Dundee'  Gold    Mining  ''���'������; Company; ���;      ���/���*������  Mollie   Gibson Mining . Com-  '       PANY.  '"���'''.���������.���'* ���'���*'������������'-:  *  ���*  iv *|\ *t\ *ryv -/j*  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .    BRANCHES AT   .  ROSSLAND        trail        nelson        kaslo  SANDON THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITY  W HEN you buy ���  OKELL&  SORRIS'  O'KELL & T  Preserves^  MORRIS'  friiftfie^-  otj   you get what are pure Briti.?-h Columbia*   "   Are absolutely the  , . ......   j ��s   fruit and sugar, and your money is left at PUREST AND BEST  mjmwm\i^^v^txumiim^m��U,m!��mui!M>yit^i^/tmMm 10  THE   ECONOMIST  ft  A recent article in a French  magazine upon famous diplomats  and their wives relates a suggestive  little ancedote of how Prince Clemens Metternich, when Austrain  chancellor of state, slipped out of a  difficulty that threatened to be  quite a formidable one. His wife,  the erratic Princtss Melaine, had  grievously offended the French  ambassador? the Count d* Flahault,  by the abruptness and discourtesy  with which, in one of her moods  o! whimsical ill temper, she had  chosen to treat him. Her tongue  was notably sharp, and some of her  remarks stung so deeply that the  aggrieved offical went formally to  her husband to complain of her,  asserting that he could not, in his  quality of ambassador, submit to  such insulting treatment. Prince  Metternich was not at all disconcerted. With a generally apolo-  getie'snrug, but in a tone of voice  expressive of the most gallant devotion to his consort, he exclaimed:  " What would have, my dear  count ? I oDiet the princess;, 1  loved her ; I have married her ;  but it was not I who brought her  up."  The latest court gossip insinuates  that Queen Wilhelmina of Holland  iP about to be presented with that  most exclusive of all decorations���  the ancient and honorable Order  of the Garter. Sb�� will be the  first woman thus honored by a**  English sovereign in two centuries,  and the only woman, with the exception of Queen Victoria, who has  the honor to wear this garter about  her left arm. There are fiftyrfour  KnighWof the Garter, not including the queen. Wilhelmina will  make the fifty-fifth. The order  was founded, it will be remembered,  in 1349 by Edward III., and  whether it owes its origin to an  armour to an accident is still a  mooted question. Some 547 years  since the lovely Countess of Sal-  isburg dropped her garter in the  presence^ her sovereign. The  courtiers and grande dames accused  the fair countess of a lack of modesty. The king, however, picked  up the dainty garter, and, handing it to the countess, said : Horn  soft qui mal y Pense" " Evil to  ul who evil thinks." Of late  years Queen Victoria has abandoned  wearing the garter, as her arm has  become too stout. The young queen  Preserve Your Eye-sight  PATENAUDE BROTHERS  Optical Department is A~ 1.  In Every Respect.    A Specialty Made of Adjustment of Glasses.    Have Your Eyes Examined by an Expert and PreveritXoss of Eye-sight.    The Eye isthe Most Sensitive Organ,  and Should not be Neglected.  In Watches We Have the Best of Everything.  Waltham,  Elgin  and   Dueber-Hampden.  OUR STOCK OF JEWELRY IS WELL ASSORTED.  PAT EN AUD BROS..  Baker Street,  Nelson, B. C.  smoke "ROYAL SEAL" cig^  <��)  OUR OTHER BRANDS.  Kootenay Bell, Little  Gem, Blue Buds, Ves-  talias, Bonnie Fives.  ALL UNION HADE.  <��)  ...Kootenay Cigar Mfg. CO'Y...  P-O. Box   ia6.  Telephone 118.  of Holland has a beautiful arm  which will serve as a charming  setting for the decoration.  Louis Wain, the famous cat  painter, professes to believe that a  cat owned by a woman is the mirror  of its mistress temperament. He  says that if a cat that has been  constantly with its mistress is suddenly removed from her society the  creature will show the characteristics madame has displayed. If  she has been snappish, pussy will  scratch ; if she has been sulky,  puBsy will sulk too. It this were  really true, it would pay a prospective husband to steal the cat of his  ladylove before taking the fatal  matrimonial step. As the cat is  about the most independent creature alive, one can't help being  skeptical of Mr. Wain's theory.  Practical steps are about to be  taken by the authorities to promote  the emigration  to the colonies of  French women. The French colonist continues to complain that  it is almost impossible for him  to find a wife of his own race unless he takes a journey home  for the purpose, an expedient that  is often impractible for colonists  of the poorer class. This state of  things has more especially attracted  the attention of General Gallieni in  Madagascar, and the contemplated  action of the government is largely  due to his urgent representations  The projected scheme is to take the  shape of a central emigration office  for women, to be installed in Paris  under the auspices of the Ministry  of the Colonies. This central institution will open a number of  branch offices thoroughout the  country in the agricultural districts  as well as in the townsg In this  way an effort will be made to bring  home the beauties of emigration  and the eligibility of colonial  husbands to suitable young women.  Something more will be done for  them, however, than to give them  well meant, if not quite disinterested, advice. Approval candidates for expatriation will be  provided with a trousseau and  with a small sum of money to  enable them to live for a time after  landing. The State is also to give  them a free passage and will aid  them to find employment. Whether  it will carry its solicitude to the extent of procuring them introductions to marriageable young men is  not stated. Each trousseau is to  cost about $60 and some $20 is to  be allowed as pocket money. To  begin with, an annual expenditure  is contemplated of $20,000, a sum  which will endow the colonies with  200 presumably willing brides.  Jinks���What's  a   post-graduate  course anyhow ?  Filkins���Oh ? it's where a fellow  takes a tumble to himself, before  it's everlasting too late, and goes  and gets posted, even if   he   has  x'���  25}:  'f  * 11  f-l  ���ft  \ m  i^sssf''?5"*?^ "  r-U>,m?*I-   ?*���*" "^"VC   ���uji.wiwiiman  'zzLsamBBZw&n^^ THE   ECONOMIST  11  t")  The Shipping Point for Goat Mountain Mines on the Crow's  Nest Pass and Bedlington and.Nelson  Railways.  i:  i  "���>  ^  The Center of One  of the Finest Agricultural and Fruit Growing Districtsin West Kootenay.  * For Information and Price List Apply to  OR TO"  L. A HAMILTON,  . M ALLAN DAINE,  Agent,  Creston, B. C.  Law Commissioner C. P. R.  Winnipeg.  i ��� ��� ���* i  G-EO/MoFARLAN'D, A.g^^^Nelsoa  r  ..Humphreys & Pittoc  '.       Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. 03.  IGE CREAM-^s^  8"  Agents for  Victokia Colonist  Seattle Times  S..F. Bulletin  ALL -  Nelson Economist  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Times  Toronto Mail and Empire  Toronto Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday World,  And Other Periodicals.  FRESH  California Fruits  Received Daily.  KOOTENAY LAKE SAW MILL ~  G. O. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Lumber Orders   Promptly   Filled   and [Sash,& Doors  Uth Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings.  Shingles. Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street. | Turned Work-  JOHN RAB, AGENT.  CGMriANDiNG ATTENTION^  is   simply a  matter . of being-  well dressed.*.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns are marvels of  good quality, good style and  good workmasliip. 1 ne  value is great. '  ak r St, Nelson.  aaaaKwmww*"   . ��� ,__. _���T..��~-w- ��� www.1 ���HU-l-4"����T��'�����������  iT^UbTtoT^i^est to inspect our stock of ^�����  TACKLE before selecting your outfit for the season.  All our Goods imported direct from English,  American and Canadian Manufacturers.  E  HEAP OFFICE, LONDON. ENGLAND.  All communications  relating to British Columbia. to be addressed to  P.O. Drawer 505, Nelson, British Columbia.     .     ;    ;  ^^\Sk^^ NELSON, B. G.  Lord Justice Romer of England  has swept away a venerable precedent and established a greatly  improved one in its plate; The  pldone was in' ,a ca^e where two  judges had delivered opposite judgments and the third observed oracularly : " I agree with my broiher  A. for the reasons given by my  brother  B.'':   This is;  of   course,  well  known,   but  the new  one  is  Shelf and  Heavy Hardwade.  much finer. Lord Justice A. L.  Smith had delivered judgment, dismissing an   appeal.     Lord Justice  Collins said: "I agree-  also agre��V' said >.meryL.J.: One  mon.e-ntV'-P.ai'fl Collins; /'Ihavent  finished yet," and he proceeded tn  uive his reasons., Then there wms  a solemn pause and, everybody  looked':... anxiously ��� T at ��� Romer.  Firmly, if somewhat . sadly,y be  spokeV "I still agree." Fact���as  ihe comic papers say. {'y.f ���  !��fl  SaSSRssesAiia.  tMssaafflg^  *5  TO 3  Si  hi  12  THE ECONOMIST.  .'Beery',;,,^^  Tobaccds  Mattings  Victor ia, B. Ci,   Vancouver, B.C., and London, Eng.  Grbods  Boots and Slioes  arettes  Cenieiit  Flour and Feed  s  Plaster  s  *w*M<&fe  Curtains  ;,T; .v. A-  i./'-"-v,Teas;;::,:i',;  :;y:;,yy yyy^::v>;y^  "NELSON,yE^C.;  Canadian  'Pacific  AND   S00 LINE  Offer   Optional  Routes, East  via.  y Revelstoke or Kootenay Ldg.  IS'  Established 1879.  ao Years Old and Still��Growing."  Through tickets issued and no "customs difficulties with baggage.  Tourist, cars pass "Revelstoke daily to St.  Paul, Thursdays for Montreal and "Boston,  Tuesdays and Saturdays"for Toronto.  " What beautiful hens you have,  Mrs. Siuckup P  "Yes, they [��re all imported  fowls."  (s Yon don't tell me so ! I- suppose they lay eggs every day ?"  " They could do so, if they saw  proper, but our circumstances are  such that, they aie not required to  lay evtry day.5'  Parsons Produce Company,  . Wholesale Commission Merchants,  COLD STORAGE,    WAREHOUSEMEN     AND   JOBBERS   OF   GR,EEN    FRUITS   ^       .,> _ ; ��� " "'  Head Office:   Winnipeg, R. A. Rogers, Mgr.   "Western BranriUa-  Manager for Western. B. C., John Par.so^r VanVouveil   Manage,'  Branches:   V-�����g-^^ Mg,; Nelson,  Connections.  ROSSLAND, TRAIL, ROBSON AND MAIN LINE  Daily Daily  -6:40 p.m. leaves ���NELSON���arrives 10:80 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str, Kokanee  E:c. Sun. ' Ex. Sun.  I p. m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  Kootenay River Route, Str. Movie:  Mo   Wed and Fri. Tues, Thurs and Sat  8 a. m.    leaves'��� NELSON ��� arrives 6:50 p. m.  Makes connection at Pilot Bay with str Kokanee  in both directions and at Kootenay Landing  with trains to and from Crow's Nest Line  Points.  Sandon and Slocan Lake Points.  Ex Sun. , Ex Sun.  9:00 a.m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 2:20 p.m.  Ate ortain rates and full information from  ne .r< 't local'a^dit, C. E. Beasley, City Ticket  Agent   or R. V.'. DREW. Agent, Nelson, B. C  " I suppose." said, the thoughtful man,." that it would not he going to far to say that, to a certain  extent, every man has wheels in  his head."  "Possibly, possibly," replied his  caustic friend, li but in that case I  suppose it would be explained that  yours are geared too high."  Largest Receivers of Butter and Eggs in the Canadian Northwest  Stocks Carried at Victoria, Rossland, Cranbrook, Greenwood, Revelstoke.  Agent   or  W. F. Anderson,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  E. J. Coyle,  Dist. Pass. Agent  Vancouver B.C.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Rv. agent or  C. P. R. City Ticket Agent, Nelson.  W    . STITT, Gen    S.S. Agt, Winnipeg.  ���"I won't have you," said the  leading lady tragically to the low  comedian. " Never approach, me  again on the subject. My mind's  made up."  " So's everything else about you,"  and then he fell through a garden  scene to dodge the withering glance  she shot at him.  W.? .Have ��Peued UP a Large and New Stock of    .  Pianos, Guitars, Banjos, Mandolins, Violins, Concertinas, Ac-  cordeons, Autoharps, Etc., Etc.  Sheet Music,- Music Books and Musical Sundries of Kvery  Description  AT OUR TOY STORE NEKTJOOR TO BANK OF B. C.  Music not in Stock Procured on Shortest Notice  wm mm and book co., mnti  c  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom House, Nelson, B. C.  A teacher at Garden City said to  her primary class the other dav���:���  u If your father gave you mother  $7 to-day and $8 to-morrowj what  would she have ? And the small  boy over in the the corner replied ":'  " She would have a fit."  &&  St. Alice Natural Mineral Water, Ye Olde  Fashioned EnglishGinger Beer. ;  THORPE^ LIMITED.  Victoria.  Vancouver.        Nelson.  Mamma���He wouldn't take the  medicine until I gave him candy  and five cents and promised him a  new gun.  Papa���I see.     He   was   willing  to capitulate,   but wouldn't   sur- (Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods and general stock of Miners'  render unconditionally. |  y    Supplies,       V���.;^:^   ;   "r^pp. Postoffiifea.  %.  Largest Tent and Awning  in British Columbia  '*^#T&I  ^���?!F*��*^****m^^ fj,i*.  Origin of Odd Sayings.  Many of the phrases one uses or  hears every day have been handed  down to us from generation to generation for hundreds ofPy&itSjr aad in~  many cases they can be traced back to  a quaint and curious origin, says the  Chicago Tribune.  1     ' r.      *  One of the oldest5 of these^ familiar  expressions is'to'"cat a dido," which  ^.said-pfa:person   when  he plays a  ajarp trick, and carries us back to 800  yeaTTB'.   C,  when   Dido,  Queen of  \Tyre; -after tlie murder of her husband  $>yrher brother,. fled to  the., northern  yfeoastof Africa  and founded  a  city.  She bargained- for as  much  land' as  ebtild7be covered by a bull's hide, and,  IH^rdeirrtQ claim- as large  a tract as  pos��ibl^4fehM a.hide cut.in narrow  . s^ri*ps,rft*pd^D the land thus surrounded  she" built a ciiadel.    The natives,   see-  sing that they^had been outwitted1 by a  -^vomaii; submitted gracefully to this  ���*' cutting of a Dido.''  " There's many a slip 'twi&t the cup  and;theiip,?,is nearly as old, and feattri-  butSffio Ancaeus, King of the Island  ! ofSacos,in the Grecian Archipelago.  The King,  so  runs  trie  story,   had  plant^davineyard biithe had treated  hii^laises so badly  that, one of them  plSa^-ted that his master would never  "llje to even.taste of its wine,   When  Cue vintage came, the king, asked for  %cup of wine, and then asked the slave  |vnat he thought of his prophecy. " I  think there's niaiiy a slip between the  clip; and   the    lip,"    be   solemnly  answered.    Just at that   instant   a  messenger in hot haste rushed into the  . palace,, informing, the  King .that a  wild boar had broken into the vineyard and was destroying it.    Ancaeus  piitrdowrihis,wine cup  untasted and  tiurrfed out to attack the ravager;   but  in thechase was killed.  "He's a brick," meaning a brave and  noble fellow,.doubtless originated with  Agesilaus, King of Sparta, about 380  B. C. A visitor at the Lacedaemonian^  capital was surprised to find it without walls or ether visible means of defence, and asked his royal host what,  theyswould do in case of invasion by a,  foreign power.-     ,  ��^I)o!" replied the heroic King: "why  Sparta has 50,000 soldiers and each  man is a brick."  -'-^-.fta^foa turn" suggests the story  of Sfe Ba^wrence, who suffered martyrdom by being roasted on a gridiron.  During nte torture he calmly requested  the attendants to turn him over, as he  was thoroughly roasted on one side.  Hence the phrase, "Doneto a turn."  In one of the. battles between the  Bussiansand thd the Tartars, four  hundred years ago, a private soldier of  the former cried out: " Captain, I've  caught a Tartar." "Bring him along,  then/' answered the officer. " I can't  for he won't let me," was the response.  Upon investigation it was apparent  that the captured had the captor by  the arm and would not release him.  So " catching a Tartar" is applicable to  one who has found an antagonist too  strong for hini.  . 'The familiar expression " robbing  Peter to pay Paul" is connected with  the-history of Westminister Abbey.  In the early Middle Ages it was the  custom td^catrthe Ahbey Sf. ��� Feter's  Cathedrall ;-At ^otttf"*" time, th*** funds  of St.' Paul's- Cothedral- being .low;  those in authority took sufficient from  St. PeterTs, to settle the accounts, much  to the dissatisfaction of-thfe people, w��o  asked, "Why mbSt. Peter to pay St.  Paul?" Some, two.hundred| years  later.the saying.was again used in regard; to-the some collegiate churches,1  at the time of thedeath of the Earl of  Chatham, the; cityof London-.declaring that the famous statesman ought to  lie in St: Paul's. Parliament, however, insisted that Westminister Abbey  was the: proper place-andAot to bury  him there would.be, for the second  time, "robbing.St. Peter to pay- St.  Paul." The Abbey properly carried  the day.  "Dying in the last ditch" was, according to Hume,, first used by William of Qrange. When Holland was  so hotly pressed by her enemies that  complete disaster seemed imminentj  the Duke Buckingham implored the  the Prince to change" his tactics or  the country would be ruined. " There  is one way to prevent my seeing the  ruin of my country," answered the  Prince:   u I will die in the last ditch.'!  "He has an ax to grind." Early  in the century a story was told of a  lad who was induced by. a promised  reward to turn the grindstone for one  who wished to. sharpen his ax. The  promised payment was, not made.  Since then one who disguises his selfish aims by false promises is said to  have an ax to grind.  "0;K."has many alleged origins.  The most probable is the following: In  1840, when Alvah Adams organized  the Adams Express Company, a  young country lad applied or work.  He was employed to.do all sorts of odd  jobs and make himself generally usej-  ful in the office. The boy bad an  observant eye and saw that the ship;  ping clerk placed upon the manager's  desk each night a list of the packages  marked " all correct." The clerk be-  ing absent one day, the boy was asked;  to write the list or rather, check it.  When he placed it on the desk it bore  on the outside the letters " O. K."  Asked what they meant the youth replied : " * 0, K.' means * all correct.r"  Mr. Adams enjoyed.a hearty laugh  and adopted the striking abbreviation  thereafter.  r  Ask for  *l  when   you   order  matches.      Then  you  be  sure  of having the best.  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  Prints Everything  Letter Heads  Note Heads  Bill Heads  Statements  Envelopes  Business Cards  Visiting Cards  Menu Cards  Receipts  Etc., Etc.  -At  PRICES  COMPLETELY  OUT-OF-SIGHT  Be Convinced.  Complete Stock of Stationery  ORDERS BY MAIL RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  VERNON   STREET, NELSON, B. C.  <u  fore Buying Elsewhere  Come in and   inspect  our   stock of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furnishings.  VANCOUVER  COMPANY, Ld  Importers of Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  rauracturers Rg*  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON, B. C. P. O. Box 498.  V'-S'V'- F'  iii-i��a*��s*?!!^*f

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