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The Nelson Economist Jun 21, 1899

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 'i$i'$��^(;0>'  y '(������;,'-��  ��  friy  %  VOL. IL  NELSON, B. C. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1899.  NO- J& b  ,,   s,.  ^>  THE NELSON ECONOMIST is issued every Wednesday  (of, the City of Nelson, B. <?., by D. M. Carley. Subscription : $2.00 per annum; if paid in advance, $1.5,0.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully'  solicited. Only articles of merit will be advertised in  these columns, and the interests of readers will beware-  fully 'guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless  o      articles.    v > ' a  The Victoria Globe is out with an appeal to the  people of British Golumbia fdr the formation of a  new political party. The Colonist endorses the Globe's  view of the situation, believing that the time has  now "arrived when' the residents of this5 Province  must choose'betfweerr'a m >*V3viruie6t arid injurious  type of anarchy and a Government that would rule  wkely and well in the interest of tha whole people..  Neither of the papers mentioned fears^Cotton or  Semlin, but the new opposition must direct its efforts  against the wild, untamed Martin, who is 'doing so  much to discredit British Columbia in the eyes of  the world. Any movement that would have for its  object the overthrow of Martinism would ber popular  just now. It is a precept ^of the medical profen*ion  that with the removal of the cause of the disease, the  disease must vanish. It is the same of Martin, with his  removal from British Columbia-politics the progress  of the trouble which has overtaken this Province will  be effectually checked.  In pointing out the urgent necessity o' organization against Maftiriism, the Globe says '4i Turneriem  is dead." The meaning of '* Turnerism " is rather  obscure. The principles advocated by Mr. Turner  and his party are certainly just as desirable now.as  they were at any time in the history of the Province  Under the Turner regime British Columbia experienced an era of unprecedented prosperity. Mining  development was encouraged, and every industry in  the Province was flourishing. In fact, those were  the days when none were for the party, but all were  for the state, when the rich man helped 5the poor  man and the poor man helped the great. How different to-the present disordered rule, when a* party  with a ruler who would rather reign in hel'^han  serve in heaven has turned back the? hands on -the  clock of progress, and- has brought on a battle between capital and labor from which British Columbia  may not recover for years; During Mr. Turner's  term of office failroadte were built, trails and Toads  opened up, bridges constructed, and nothing 'that  would assist in the development -tot the staple industry of tlie Provine was left undone. If Mr; Turner-s government had not ^been turned out of joffice  by a high-handed Lieu tehaht-tjover nor/^British Co-  lumbia   would  still  be peacefully -and contentedly  marching the highroad of prosperity.     This was  ''Turnerism " and does /the. Globe mean to infer  that  the people should no longer hope to  again  see in  force a policy of progress such as was carried 00- hy  Mr. Turner?   If the Globe wishes it. understood that  Mr. Turner's party its a whole may,never expecit <to  regain power, no objection can be taken   to  the   expression.    Indeed, it would be something strange if  in the formation of a new cabinet the same  men   as  before  held office  should  be reinstated.    But there  were men in the late Government who will again  be,  "a power in   the land.     Mr.  Turner  i3 even  more  stro-jgly entrenched'in the hearts, of the people   today t (Van, when that  memorable day ten years ago,  the constitution was so flagrantly violated by  " His  Honor."   The feeling-with regard to. Mr.  Eberts  is  even more marked.    In the old Government he  pre-  ferred to administer the affairs or his office   without  attracting much attention 10 himself, but in opposition he has been aggressive and has proved   himself  more than a match for his  adversaries. .Mr. Turner  Inay,  as  suggested, on  account of  advanced years,  desire to quit the political arena, but  Mr. Eberis  is,  comparatively  speaking,  a   young   man, and   his  ability  is  bound   to  place him  in the fronVrank.  Therefore ^Turnerism," although it  may have suffered temporary eclipse, is not dead.  In a late letter to the Dublin Independent, Sir  Crrarles Ga'van Duffy expres-sed, the conviction that  it ought not to be difficult to find three men in  Ireland who could settle all disputes between the  Irish parliamentary factions ��ud restore union jn  their ranks. The Independent now .offers a prize  of $250 for an answer to the question : '*' Whoare the  three men who can solve the unity problem ?" The  prize is open to Irish-American and all other guessers.  A " Seasoned Bridesmaid" makes fitter complaint  in Woman of, the behavior of engaged girls. It is an  old grievance of the unengaged,,but has rarely .been  set forth in such minuteness of detail. The engaged  ring finger plays a considerable part jn this r^mpjjs-  trance. It is always being flaunted in the face of  the unengaged. If you tell the engaged person that  she has a hairpin sticking out, up goes that finger to  push it in: Every office that can.possibjy pp done  with one digit is sure to be done .with the obtrusive  engaged finger. Sometimes the engaged girl will  drop In for a chat; but it is generally when her friend  is tired and sleepy, and the chat is always .about  V him ** and how he proposed, and hpwdelightful it  is to think that he has never cared for any other girl  before, arid how charming and  sweet " his people"  1 f!  >A 1\  I   }  |RaBfiKW��BSB08HB5SRiBR3S^^  llUJMWaitWUMtlilMlJMJUiM. KrlZ  11  t**a*J#!*J*Jto��tifti>*<J��*i*,+��.i*&~s  MVwrk!rerlaB.tfko*  w��t*��wM*w��Kawi��iiiiaaiLaaraG^^  I  ���s  ' 4  THE ECONOMIST.  1  !fl  s  'I w  fit   t  5 >  1  6  rar  are. This remonstrant, who has be^n a bridesmaid  more than the fatal number of times, is beginning to  sigh for a place where there \i ill   be "no  marriages  or giving in marriage  ii  , China is now ruled by two Manchu��*���namely, the  Grand Secretary Jung.Lu and the. Assistant. Grand  Secretary Kang Yi. The Empress Dowager defers  implicitly to the advice of these two men, who .are  clever enough to give the credit and responsibility  of all their decisions to the Em pi ess Dowager. The  great, ambition of Jung Lu is to be proclaimed  Grand Generalissimo of the, forces of ihe whole.Empire, and he has been working his best to bring the  70,000 or 80,000 men under his-sptcial command in  Chibli province up to the best state possible, as far.  as within him lies, in regard to modern equipments  and discipline. x Hence he does not often interfere  in purely civil departmental matters, these being  generally left to Kang Yu, who has the reputation  . of being a bigot and the bitterest enemy of the Reform party. Jung Lu, who is inoie of a soldier, being the nearest Hying relative of the Empress'.Dowager, has naturally the most influence over her. He  is much less of a bigot and has hitherto always  counselled moderation and effectually prevented the  sword-and-fire policy of Kang Yi, against, the Reform  party, and against all foreigners for that matter.  Jung Lu, therefore, .possesses more popularity among  the masses than any half dozen mandarins put together in Perkin.  important influence on this year's production of the  various minerals., Hitherto coal for the mining  districts of British Columbia,has been brought from  Vancouver, and the cost has.theiefore necessarily  been prohibitive'except in the case of the richest propositions. The report of the -. Minister of  Mines, recently issued, gives figures which show the  enormous difference the Crow's Nest Pans Railway  will make in the cost of ..mining.and1 smelting. Coal  from Vancouver costs at Nelson $10 per ton, $5.25  of which is due to the freight charges. Now excellent coal from Crow's Nest can be bought at Nelson  for $5.75 per ton, the freight being only $2.50' whilst  coke at the same place for smelting purposes can be  bought for $7 per ton: . Passing on to the output of  the mine? which will be aided by the new coal supply,  the Saturday Review notes the satisfactory increases in all except the siiver-lead ores, which have  suffered from, the low price of silver, and touching on  the great increase in copper production for 1898; 2,-  ,000,000pounds more than in 1897, remarksthat the  American copper combination will have to , take  British Columbia's production into serious consideration in , iis calculations: The "gold increases are  noted with great satisfaction, and in conclusion,  the Review observes that "we do not know ' any  country which at the pre ent time offers to the speculative investor,.such excellent piospects of making  large profits as British Columbia, provided always  of course that care is taken to invest only in such  undertakings as, are conducted by responsible and  and reputable people.1'  After all it seems W. A. Jowett is not the oldest  Journalist in the world. The Fremdenblatty which,  is published daily at Vienna, has the unique honor  of having on its staff the 6 Id est. working journalist  in the world, Herr Le< pold Ritter von Blumen.cron,  who was born on the 21st of February, 1804. On.  his ninety-fifth birtnday, in February last, he. was  surprised to find the desk in his editorial office decorated with flowers. Herr von Blumencron still  walks every morning to and from the Fremdenblatt  offices in bad whether and in good, mounts to the  first floor, reads the papers at his desk, and writes  with his own hand a leaderette or paragraph for the  evening edition, as well as, in the afternoon, one or  two contributions to the morning issue. He was in  the military and Diplomatic services before he turned  journalist, and in his new profession utilized the experiences of his former callings.  A telegram announces that William Bryan, a  prisoner in the Bridewell at, Chicago, confesses to  have killed a policeman-at- London, Out., for; which  - Peg-Leg Brown was recently hanged. Bryan, may  or may not be guilty, bui it.is said.thdt.ihe Minister  of Justice ha,d recently Under consideration a* cate of  a man who on his deathbed admitted his guilt, of a  crime for which his br-otlur suffered death on the  scaffold. If it be shown that two men suffered innocently on circumstantial evidet.ee, it will be a difficult matter in future in Canada to secure convictions  on similar testimony.  The "London Saturday Review oi late has been  devoting much space to mining matters in British  Columbia. The Review remarks that " those in the  know, have long bsen aware that British Columbia  is probably destined to be one of the largest mineral  producers in the world. The most important event  of the past year in British Columbia was undoubtedly  the opening of the Crow's Nest branch of the Canadian Pacific railroad, which, by bringing the coal  of the Crow's Nest district within easy distance of  the Kootenay mining district, will  exercise a  most  The making of the gold bricks with which confidence men rob the, '* comeons," and even smart  merchants and bankers, has become an established  and profitably industry, according to ipe Chicago  Inter-Ocean. It is not a crime to make a gold  brick. The crime only comes in when the spurious  article is sold. The value of the standard " brick "  would be about $550 if composed pure gold. The  cost to the purchaser when the article is prepared  for the market varies from $10 to $75 a brick, ac-  cordin to the value of the material used. The  purchaser from the factory makes his terms with his  victims.  "You want to know of the very best brick we turn  out ?" said a maker. " Well, the brick most likely  to   deceive is made from a copper and zinc mixture.  IMmMWUMHttiBBtMimaaSB .jiw-Mr. k * taagaagsa  O  i  .>   .  THE ECONOMIST.  5  <4  It is not the most expensive, but it will stand knocking around for five years without losing tint wntonej  and I tell you it's pretty near the real thing.     Half*  a dollar's worth of gold is more than enough   to   do  the   job.     Our science  is  known as water gilding,  because the last touch we give the brick is  to1' chill  it in  iced  water.     We buy our gold in leaves from  the beater.    These leaves we place in a crucible with  mercury, seven parts of mercury to one part of'gold.  ^The mercury is first heated, and under the action  of.  a furnace themixture is made red-hot. Then it is  allowed to cool down... We squeeze the amalgam  through,, chamois leather for the purpose of ejecting  the superfluous mercury,,and the gold, with twice its  weight of mercury, remains behind. It is then a  yellowish mass of the consistence of butter, and with  it the metalis coated with a brush. This is the first  step in turning the brick into gold.  "After receiving the first coat the  brick, is   subjected  to  a strong heat for the purpose of evaporating the remaining mercury.    It is' then in fine form,  but far from perfect.     There will be little irregularities, and these   are  removed  with   a deiicate   brass  brush.     After   the  brushing  a lack of true golden  tone is apparent; but we have an  easy   remedy   for  is.a   preparation of red ocher,   verdigris alum   and  this.   We coat the brick over with gilding wax, which  borax.     Then   the, brick   is, again  exposed   to the  action of fire till the wax is entirely burnt away. It's  real gol^hen, but we are bound to make  it  a  few  carats ^fneiy so^pur customers can have no   possible  ground for questioning the quality of their   treasure.  We do this by   covering it with a saline composition  and again exposing it to a high temperature.     It is  finally chilled in cold water, and is beautiful to look  on���a. perfect gold brick.     It is proof, against time,  moisture and  weather of ail kinds,,and   will  stand  constant   handling for years  without losing tone or  lustre.     Goods made as I have described are guaranteed for five years."  The following from the Toronto  Telegram should  command the attention  of. Canadians : " Canada is  always   clamouring  for���Eng!ish  capital,  and  yet  there  seems  to be a sufficiency of Canadian capital,  to work on certain lines which are supposed to lead  to wealth.     Canada is able to  develop her chances  on the New York Stock Exchange without the aid of  English capital.     " Nor is it English capital  which  pours   out of the Chicago  wheat pit.    A country  which has money to  pour  into every rat  hole  in  Chicago or New York cannot be so entirely dependent  on English capital for the development  of her own  resources."  ;The Canadian Copper Co., notwithstanding its  name, is an American corporation. This company  has wilfully misrepresented the extent of the Canadian nickel industry, so as to reserve for the workmen of the United States benefits that properly belong to Canadian workmen and merchants. In six  years only, Canada has received $1,614,393 in wages,  and the American workman  $5,715,279,50,  with all  that that means  to  the merchants who supply the  wage-earners  with' their   daily  necessary supplies,  and that is  why, the president of  this all-grasping  American corporation, is so violently opposed to any  refining being done in Canada, and why  his   Company  are so anxious, to secure al 1 deposits so fast as  they   are discovered or so fast as they can lay their  hands ori them.     No stone is left, unturned to secure  and hold control of the deposits, and  the  Canadian  Mining Gazette goes so far as to say that intimidation  is resorted to by the open  threat   that  should /any  refinery-start in opposition to them they will so for  the time beinglower prices as to make profitable competition impossible. This is another case of Canadian  capitalists overlooking  the  sppprtunities presented  '  by home investments;    Here we have an exclusively  American  Co. operating exclusively with  American  capital, paying dividends"of one per cent, monthly on  a par value of $2,500,000, while only having invested  per their own sworn  statements, $570,700  in  cash,'  1 while our capitalists  instead  of *' looking after this  more than 50 per cent per. annum dividend-paying  industry  are content with the small returns  reaped  from banks, loan   companies, etc.     Every patriotic  Canadian   will  agree with the Mining Gazette in  its  contention that this industry should be encouraged to  grow to maturity in Canada where it was born   and  not, waste  its developed energies in benefiting those  who if in a similar position would certainly not consider what would benefit us.     The Americans  now  .put a  prohibitory  duty ,on all refined products  of  nickel for  the avowed and express purpose of shut-  us out of their markets and discouraging   the erection of refining works, with all their vast possibilities,  in   Canada.     They   admit  the crude ore or matte  free because they have none of their own that can be  made commercially profitable, they spend  $100,000,  per  their  own evidence, in   the United  States   for  every $28,000 expended here,  and  yet our  governments frsit  supinely  by and  watch the development  in an alien country that  will  not  even   admit  our  workmen  within   her  borders,  of an  industry that  should be, at least on this continent, exclusively our  own.     And we do  not  believe that  there is   any  reason why the control should be simply the  control  of the markets of this continent.     We are the only  nation in the world  containing within  itself both  nickel  and  iron.     All  the navies of the world are  being armored with   nickel  steel,  and  though   we  alone possess  the minerals  necessary to produce  it  we do not produce one ounce, and are content to   sit'  idly by and let others reap the benefits  that should  be   ours.     There  is  already  formed in Canada, by  Canadians,  a company with   $20,000,000 Canadian  capital who only wait  the  imposition of  an  export  duty  to  at once commence the  erection  of smelters  and, refineries to produce the refined article at home,  and from this to the establishment   of  rolling mills  where the armor plates themselves would  be rolled  is but a short step.     In these plates only 5 per cent,  of nickel lsused, the remaining   95  per  cent,   being  sfteel,   and  it  needs  no argument to show what an  <Jf .. S="jE -^"rr-tT  pMaMMUM3VM4U3tZSSmlSS��^^  ^^^i^'SS5^!!2^^'22|::^  r'r7iifi^"1iirjiiaT"-,irrT��iirMjtitfif?-f?iiriTitrM7i,T;^^ftflni, f^--^.'-r^-T-, .^��i)i.-.��.-iaww  THE ECONOMIST.  I  1"  I  pi  h.  I  '6  1  If  m  M  i  I  Be  III  IP  incentive this would be to the development of our  iron mines, that have so long lain idle owing to the  policy of the United States who will admit our  nickel ores free, because they have none of their own,  but places a prohibitory-impost on iron ores.  . The Cascade Record condemns the swearing in of  special constables at Ymir to protect a mine when,  no trouble was thre.uened. The Record's attention  is respectfully directed to the proclamation of the  Miners' Union. If that document did not breathe  vengeance on the mine-owners and their property we  fail to catch the true meaning of plain English.  dom, and mine enemies, will not prevail  against me.  And when the temple was building there was a  great gathering in Nelson.  And the people who gathered said: Great is John,  and the players of lacrosse said, Great is John; and  the players of baseball said, Great is Joun; and the  hose-reel racers said, Great is John; and the horse  racers said, Great is John, and all the people proclaimed in, loud voice, Great is John the Scribe, ryea,  even wiser than Solomon who built the temple.  "The nicki:l-in-the-slot machine may run in Nelson  until after t n^celebration. " Enterprising individuals  who are anxiuus to accumulate fortunes at little  risk will please make a note of this fact.  The smelter band has made an . offer to the city  council to play an hour'and a-half every Saturday  evening for $40 a month. Concerts of this character  would still further, enhance the . attactiveness of  NeL-on, and $40 a month is not an excessive demand.  And on the twentieth day of the sixth month John  the Scribe began the building of the temple. -  Now, these are the things wherein John was instructed for the building-: The length'fry cubits was  two score and ten and the breadth one score and  thirteen cubits  And the doors and windows,.that were in the front  of it were accordin to the breadth one score.and  thirttfc,ii cubits and the height was one score cubits  and he overlaid it within with pure gold.  And the whole house he ceiled with Douglas fir,  which he overlaid with fine gold.  And he garnished the house with fine stones, carried hither from the yards at Procter, and the gold  was gold from Slocan. v   ���  And the foundation was costly stones, even great  great stones, stones of ten cubits and stones of eight  cubits.  And he fetched an artificer in brick and stone,  but John the Scribe was bis own. architect. He  overlaid the house, the beams, the posts and the  walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and  graved cherubims on the walls.  And he made the house, tbe length whereof was  according to the breadth of the house, two score and  ten cubits, and he overlaid it with fine gold amounting  to one hundred talents.  And the weight of the nails was one hundred  shekels of gold.  Thus all the work that John the Scribe made for  the temple was finished, and John gathered together  the people and he said:  Lo,  it   is    in    mine    heart   to   build    a  house  that will do credit to the children of  Kootenay  and  bring sorrow to the heart of mine adversaries.  And here will I establish the throne of  my   king-  Chas. Cliffe,. the Sandon editor under arrest  charged with having in his possession stolen books  and papers belonging to the Sandon Miners' Union,  is not the kind of a man to be intimidated by any  man or body of men.  At last Old Sol is to have a rival. Nelson is to  have an electric light system so powerful that it will  chase affrighted might across Kootenay Lake. It will  also flood thTelusive keyhole of the suburban residence with radiance, adding much to the comfort of  the man who has lingered at the club.  Beginning July 1, publishers of newspapers in the  Dominion of Canada must pay double the present  rates for mailing papers. It will then cost one-  half cent per pound, or half the rate charged in the  United States.  Every city in the Kootenay, Nelson excepted, is  making preparations for the reception of the Western  Press liss-ociation, now travelling through the Province, and which will reach here June 29. The  council should take this matter up. The celebration  ���committee might extend an invitation to the association to remain over for 24 hours and participate in  the first day's celebration.        ���   ~  It is estimated that at the present rate of growth  London, which now has a population of 5,657,000,  will, in 1941, have over 13,000,000. ,  The Trail Creek News has the following timely  remarks : The development of British Columbia's  resources, has been an active factor in promoting  Canadian industries, especially in the line of the  manufacture of machinery. During the past two  years, it is conservatively estimated, this province  has been a better market for machinery, electrical  and steam, than any other province in the Dominion.  Wherever the interests of a company could be served  with equal results, Canadian manufactures and  agents have been given the preference, but they have  met with the keenest kind of competition from  American enterprise, and such competition from  as is convincing that the Canadians have not kept  pace with the American way of doing business. The  Dominion agents seem to take it for granted that  their transaction is settled when the machinery is  placed on the cars, and if they do send a man  along  'ilj0  M  p.  m  \i  ���.r'i  '-il  m  4  ff'i 5  ���  THE ECONOMIST.  01:  to see that   it  is "properly installed, and   in   perfect  operation,   that precaution seems to governed by the  idea, always, of  letting the expert get,through   with  his   work' as quickly as possible, and back again, in  order to  avoid .expenses.    In this matter, the Canadians could take a very good lesson from the methods  of the houses in the United States, who operate on a  totally contrary basis'.     .The filling of a big machinery order with  them is  treated  as a  mere  opening  wedge for more   business, and it is .-this idea that is  kept ^ always in mind.     the  very best   mechanical  engineer atjiand is sent along with, the  majority  of  orders when machinery is in the least intricate, and  he not only instals it, but stays right there until con- ,  vinced   that its operation is perfect.     It has   proved  Cheaper in the   long run,  and   there is  little doubt  that, similar precautions been  observed , both  time,  money   and   business would have   been  saved   for  Canadain enterprises and Canadian manufactures.     '  All.the Australian banks, except in Victoria and  South Australia, have.adopted a resolution charging  5 shillings per half-year on each, current account.  t t  money, and then the only thing I had to look after  was my reputation. Two fighters are not going to  train for weeks and draw a big crowd and then let  the manager and the winner get all the money. The  fight could not go on without the loser. He is a  drawing card, at least before he, loses, so why  shouldn't he get in division of the purse beforehand?"  The Sons of Rest of this city have perfected their  organization and have applied for a charter. The  order is composed of the very cream as it were, of the  anti-workers, heat-absorbers and non-breathers.  Sara  Bernhardt  will   publish  two  volumes  of,  personal memoirs.      Here is a chance for  any   good  man, making up a Sunday School library to pass   by  on the other side.  The American   author, Harry   Dam,   has  written  -another play.     This,rising young author's name  is  on all lips. ,> ,,  One by one Martin's champions desert him. The  New Westminister Columbian is the latest to come  forward and declare against Martin ascendancy.  People who enjoy distilled, agony should, not  overlook the opportunity of imbibing the same by  witnessing the Ymir  nine in a game of baseball.  What may. be regarded as a significant move in  military circles is the circumstance that the Kootenay Rifles are ordered for drill every Tnursday  evening at 7.30.  Now is the season when the angler exaggerates his  net results.  His worship assesses an ordinary drunk at $5 and  costs. At that rate there are some jags in this'city  that should be worth a million.  A Russian daily prints its edition on, cigarette  paper, thereby increasing its circulation among  cigarette smokers. Here is a pointer for the Tribune  and Miner.  The Tribune modestly .suggests that half-a-dozen  more arc lamps be procured for lighting the streets  during the celebration.    Yes let us have more light.  The large grand stand in course of erection at the  recreation grounds will accommodate thousands of  spectators. It would add to the pleasure of future  sporting events if the grand stand were made a permanent structure.  Already preparations are being made for the celebration. The hotels have increased their accommodations, so that the thousands who will visit Nelson  need have no misgiving as to being able to secure  lodgings. We hope the citizens of Nelson will make  a special efforton this occasion to show what a hospitable city can do in the way of entertaining,guests.  A young Australian traveller claims to have discovered that the waltz was the creation of neither a  German nor a Swiss, but of the ostriches of Africa.  He asserts that every morning at sunrise these amiable birds assemble in groups and begin a regular  and graceful movement, which, is none other than  ���the waltz.  Nelson is entitled t<�� the appellationCi City of  Homes." There is scarcely one city in British Columbia, certainly not in the Kootenay, that will equal  Nelson in the number of handsome private residences  erected during the spring and summer.  Some of the secrets of prize-fighting are being  divulged by ex-champibn Corbett. Here is the  inside history of one encounter : '��� It would surprise  many to know that in the case of my fight with Sharkey the purse was divided before the fight began.  Before the fight I got $16,000 and placed it in a safe  in my house in Harlem. I don't know what Sharkey  got.     It's  none  of  my business.     I had  nay  A well arranged water carnival would prove a  great attraction. The celebration committee should  encourage this feature, in fact it should be made one  of the greateveots of eacrijsucce eding Dominion Day  celebration.  (Cranbrook had its regular monthly murder, Tuesday afternoon. It is strange that under ,'the new  government lawlessness has grown to such alarming  proportions. British Columbia once had an attorney-,  general who attended to these matters. MS^Ki^Hj^tiMrta-fcii*-"'  &  8  THE ECONOMIST.  DOUGHNUTS AND RAIN.  'I  fis��B  lifr  hi  1  f  5&  PS'..  is  S'i  t  i  A handful of civil engineers atid surveyors were  encamped near.S-tlton. The old freighter was sharing our shack because, he had had a breakdown.  His bov had taken the off leader and had gone back  along th   road for a new axle.  Holmes and Grant, two of our hoys, had carried  the chain n, long distance that day, and Grant said  he wished to stiow us what he had found on the  desert. Tied in a, handkerchief he had the skull  and whitened bones of a dog and a rusty bit of log  chain connected by a buckle.  With the others of us our grizzled guest gazed with  moderate interest, then suddenly he leaned forward  more intensly and examined the dog collar carefully.  With an expression of deep sadness he confronted  , our surprised faces, and dangling t>ie collar thoughtfully, for a full minute, was silent.  Then he excbiimed: u Boys, Turnhull didn't  have a fit. He died of hydrophobia. I tee the  whole'thing plainly now���just how I wronged poor  old Doughnuts for this twenty years 1  " No, I'm not crazy," he hastened to add, as if  reading our half-formed fear. Til tell you the  Htorv :  Twenty vears ago [ was riding horseback through  here. Camping one evening at the roadside. I had  about settled, myself for a night's sleep when an old  mission Indian came along. I had known him in  San Diego as "Old Rain." He iiad walked a long  way and was very hungry, he said. I found two  doughnuts for him in my saddlebags.  "Moocha! Moocha 1" he kept saying between  mouthfuls, screwing up his leathery face with grins  of gratitude.  I found a bone for hie do�� and held one end of it  while the dog gnawed the other end. He was a  disfigured beast, homely as a log, and he helped it  out by wearing his tale between his legs and stretching his body full length and looking just now  afraid to come near enough to me to get the bone.  "Swap, swap, senor, moocha., moocha !" exclaimed  the Indian. He dug his stick into the ground and  leaned toward me, gesticulating and grinning hideously and mumbling a tangled jargon, the gist of which  gave me kind of scare.  " But, honest, Rain,'? I laughed, " I don't want  your dog.     Better keep him yourself."  But the old man was deaf to my entreaty and  moved off, telling the haunt to stay. The one-eyed  beast, sitting on his haunches, had ducked his head  and was sighting along his leveled muzzle at me at  a range of about fifteen feet.  " Don't shoot J" 1 said. " Well, I know what I'll  call you. I got you in a bad trade with two doughnuts. I'll square myself by calling you 'Doughnuts.' "  But the more I looked that dog over   the   more   I  wished I had the real " sinkers" again,  " Now, come here, Doughnuts," I went on,'we must  have a contract right here. Can't write it because  you can't Bign your name, but you area dog of  honor and so am I. So this must be an everlasting  covenant between us. We are forming a simple  copartnership. Obligations are mutual. We  stand pat through thunder and lightning. Neither  of us ever turns tails on the other. I get you out  of dog fights and if you see me drowning or some  fellow has the drop on me, you rescue me. Dp you  understand ?"  Well, gentlemen, if you'll believe me, a sort of film  spread over that dog's lone eye and he seemed about  to burst into tears. I  ���u Doughnuts," I said, " this  will  never   do.     If  you march in this procession you've got to brace   up  and be a dog.' "  I soon found Doughnuts' moral character to be  unassailable, but he lacked roar and slambang. I  became convinced that he would never distinguish  himself in any intellectual pursuit. In this estimate  the strangers we met agreed. Some old prospector  would want to know :      -=**~  "Say, pard, if you was to', have that there dawg  essayed how do you reckon he'd run to the ton ?"  Someone else would say : .     ,  ���"Looky here, stranger, mebbe it's none of my business, but I can't help a-noticin' that that dawg's  tail is docked, and one eye's out, and one ear's bit off.  Why don't you finish pruning him up by splitting  his nose ?",'.���'  Out on the Colorado desert one day toward noon  T was surprised, in that seldom-traveled country,  when a speck on the horizon turned out to be a man  on horse-back. I didn't fancy his looks as he neared  me. He was a short, powerfully built, smoothfaced man, and about his black eyes there was an expression of sinister laughter. The fellow dismounted  and came forward very cordially with":  " Hello, pardner, how are you ?" and he seized  my hand in a regular prodigal son grip.  I responded pleasantly enough, though I somehow  felt I was in some danger. I'waV fifty miles from  any human being save this man who at even money  was a uiffian.   True J had little of value ab(-ut me.  " That's a good horse of yours, pardner," he continued. "But mine's just as good. Now, looky  here ;-you are tall, I'm sawed off. Look at the  gear of*my beast. Just the thing for you. Your pony  is too short for your long legs and my horse is too  long for my short ones,     Let's swap ?"  Another swap ! [ glanced remmiscently at Doughnuts, who was taking the range of the stranger  much as he had ranged me on the night of our first  acquaintance. I remember now that Doughnuts  had l>een acting strangely that day and I had feared  the heat was getting  a   little the best of him.  The trade was out of the question, for I had no  doubt that the fellow had stolen the. horse. He  would steer me straight into the hands of his pursuers and even if I could establish my innocence I  could at bestl.��se my horse.  "Nowthi-isa good   proposition," continued the  stranger, enthusiastically, evidently judging by   my  . silence that I wavered.  I don't consider it so," I responded shortly.0* I  won't trade. I must be moving. Glad to have  met yeu and I hope you'll have a good trip."  I   offered him a cigarette, but he ignored it.  " You won't trade, then ?" he asked, his manner  instantly changing.     He had mounted his horse.  " No, sir, I won't."  Now, according to frontier code right then and  there I ought to have pulled my gunv gotten the drop  on that man and dictated terms of surrender. But  I was a green tenderfoot, and I clucked to my horse,  said adios, and started on. I had scarcely gotten  ten yards away when there was a switch at my ears  ai d a lariat dropped over my shoulders and pinoned  my arms. The next instant I was jerked violently  to the ground.  When I opened my eyes it was becoming dark. I  was alone on the desert ; my right leg was broken  there was a nasty bruise on my forehead, and nothing  in my pockets. When I tried to rise I fell, fainting.;  My mouth was parched with,,thirst. Doubtless my  condition had seemed so hopeless to my acquaintance  that he had deemed putting a pistol ball into me as  mere extravagance.  I rose on my elbow and looked about me.     The  v  ���*.'.  manauMUMailMllMll^aiB^^ THE ECONOMIST.  9  <*  sense of my utter loneliness seemed ten times greater  when I found that Doughnuts had deserted me.  I have never understood how I got through that  night, Guided by the tracks of my horse, I crawled  along bit by bit, fainting froni pain once or twice in  the course of a hundred yards. At length I must,  have gone to sleep. It was daylight when I woke  up, sore, stiff and exhausted. As the sun's rays  poured down upon me my thirst became maddening  and ihe horror of it was added to'by the nauseous  sulphur gases which arise from the desert in hot  weather and forbid human life except during a  neriod of about six weeks of each year.  But this didn't last long. Toward evening a  small band of Cpcopah�� picked me up. It has been  said that these fellows are blood-thirsty murderers  but I am a living proof of the contrary, for,they' car- ,  Tied me to Warner's ranch,-and there, of course, the  , boys made a great fuss over me. *���-���-.��� j       '���<  It was several days before I Was fit to tell my story.  When I did tell it the boys looked at each other  and asked me if I could identify the man who had  stolen ray horse from under, me.v I bet I could,  and they brought my friend in to seethe. The'y  had caught him that sa ue dav with a horse he had  stolen from trie ranch. I recognized him instantly,  hut the fellow denied ever having seen me before.  It w.ns ho u*e, though, and the men guessed they'd  hang him. ' '   ,. '  They gave him three days to confess all hiscrimes,  with the privilege of choosin between hanging' and  being shot. Before the three days was expired Turn  bull, as he called himself, contrived to escape. The  boys were after him and after a run of three miles  found that he had fallen off his li'irse in a fit of some  kind. He frothed at ; the mouth and raved and  staggered. It was terrible to aee him and we were  all relieved when he died a few hours later.  I left the ranch a soon as I was well enough. I  have often wondered what became of my dog. I  :had little doubt that he deserted me on the desert  and I half expected to find him at San Diego with  his old master, but I learned from the old Indian  that he had not come there. Old Rain himself  died two years ago of delirium tremens, caused by  drinks the jolly sailors put in him.  Today I have changed my opinion of poor old  Doughnuts. I believe he was as true a friend as a  man ever had. I think he was going mad out there  ' on the desert and that while defending me he bit  Turnbull and then Turnbull shot him. I have  told you how he was avenged in Turnbull's terrible  death ten days later. J. R.Birtton.  LITTLE OLD LOG CABIN.  The purchase of an old building, 20x26, situated  on the western bank of the Red river, just south of  the international boundary line in Dakota, and within  sight of the Northern Pacific station, by George  Pocock, one of Emerson's leading and loyal citizens,  and his attempt to tear it down for private use, has  awakened a deep interest in its almost forgotton  history. While much damage has been done the  building from a historical standpoint the main  building, which is made of hewn oak timber, is still  untouched, and the rest can be restored, and if protected, would remain an international and historic  and mark for genernatioris to come.  It was constructed on what was then considered  British soil by a wealthy half-breed named Paul  Larond, some fifty years ago, after the manner of the  early pioneers of   Acadia.     Later   the   place   was  known as Huron City, three miles north from Pembina, and around it and the old Huron Bay fort, now  destroyed, which stood near, cluster all the 'stirring  events since confederation, in 1867. While, the old  buildings and the city of Huron have gone into oblivion this historical log cabin still stands secure. It  would take a volume to tell its history if all the facts  were known.  A few facts will be of universal interest. This building was the first ho: el in Manitoba, opened in 1870  by David Sinclair, now a millionaire in.the diamond  fields of South Africa.     It   was   the   first J regular  customs in Manitoba, from 1871 to 1874, an&the first.  telegraph and post office, opened in 1872 in charge of  of the late F. F. Bradley.     In   870 the   Hon. ; WW,  McDougal, first lieutenant governor of tlhe Northwes/t',  was met here by armed half breeds and turned back  from &\foothold on   British1  soil;     Lord   Dufferih/  visited this   point in his tour to the   west   in   1#78,  and Capt. Butler, author of the  Great Lone,   Landj  found hhelter here.     Mayor Young, how of the city  of Winnipeg, was in charge of the customs in this old"  building..    The late Bishop McCrae of Saskatchewan  held the first English church service'here *��� wicri:lr"the!  heroes of vthe Wplselev expedition.   Captain Cameron;  since distinguished in the service of the-British Empire, and Captain Wheatley now brigadier general of  the,United States army operating in   the   Phillipine  Islands, enjoyed pioneer life under this roof. -1  ",f<  The building was. captured by Generals O'Niel and  O'Donohue and their 100 armed followers in the fall  of 1871 and remained in their p >8session for a s'n >rt  time. The tragic events surrounding th^ death by  suicide in Winnipeg at the time of the trial of Lord  Gordon, who, in 1874, robbed Jay Gould in New York  anil sought safety on Briti-h soil with his many  thousands, are associated with this old building; and  the part that the famous detectives Hoy and Keeg'an,1  and an ex-Governor of Minneasoti, and Fletcher  played, are matters of history.  The famous Louis Riel made this house a .retreat  in the- early days with Depine and Dumont of Fish  Creek and Batwche.  , Captain' Armstrong,   formerly   deputy   sheriff   of  Ottawa and connected with the arrest   and   trial   of  D'Arcy McGee's assassin, became the first Sheriff of  Manitoba during the first rebellion.   He is now living  here in his old age and is especially anxious tvr pre-'1  serve the   old   building   for  posterity,' and   David  Wright, receiver, George Allen   and   William  Mills,  of the custom^, also old   verterans,   are   much   interested as well as all the citizens,  but  what to  do  is the, question.     They   await   pub'ic   sentiment.  Some suggest giving the  building   to the Winnipeg  exhibition, but old-timers say "no," it would destroy  its historic value to remove it.     The be-t suggestion  seems  to   be, for all  to unite  and   inaugurate  an  international park alo.ig the banks of the Red   river  on this historic and beautiful ground.     Three   rail- ,  ways  Seem to converge at Emerson, the   C.   P.   R.,  Great Northern and Northern Pacific, and if   Manitoba, Minnesota  and   Dakota  come together   here,  it would serve to strengthen  our   growing   brother-^  hood, and a line of ihternationar parks  from   ocean  to ocean successfully inaugurated would be a fitting  close of this nineteenth century.     Emerson   awaits .  suggestions what to do with the old log cabin on the  banks of the Red. ���Manitoba Free Press.  Beethoven's ancestry has been traced back to 1713,  when a tailor named Heinrioh Abel ard van Beethoven bought a house in A nt werp. He had twelve  children; one of these, named Ludwig, became a conductor, and was the grandfather of the composer.  ' il  ���t* i ���  'h.  *T3V1"- ���   i\ I���'" \r ySfflfe^  g^' t^w>��^*-**��ntv^��i*  "*a^rarfTffflwnrr-ttj.,.':c.-uar:ii:  ��d*X^;-^^.#i**WWtttowj��  10  THE ECONOMIST.  HERE AND THERE.  Satan's Industry.  An old Scotch woman was famous for speaking  kindly. No sheep was so dark but she could discover some white spot to point out to those who  could see only its blackness. One day a gossiping  neighbor lost patience with her and said, angrily ���  ��� Wumman, ye'll hae a guid Word to say for the  deevil himself V} Instantly came the reply; " Weel  he's a vera industreeous body !" '  Mistaken Identity. * "  It has happened to many a high-minded being to  be mistaken for the waiter. Once upon a time, at  an evening party, a noted lawyer struggled with  another man at supper over a plate of prawns. Each  held it and silently tugged, as they stared into each  other's eyes. At last a stranger misgiving seized  both and they said together in a frightened whisper ���  " Are you the waiter, or am I ?"  . A Question of Jurisdiction.,  The following story ma}' not be true, but if not   it  ought.to be.     Lord Russell of Killowen,  the  Chief  Justice of England, was up in London for a few days  last long vacation and having  nothing to  do  after  the morning accepted a friend's invitation  to   lunch  at his club.     After luncheon a scratch   rubber   was  with difficulty got together, very few members being  in the town.     The fourth man, a  young   subaltern  in the guards, only joined after mentioning that   he  played   a   very   poor  rubber.     Unfortunately   the  chief cut him as partner several times in  r-uccession.  At first he only fidgeted a little  and  made   one   or  two mild inquiries.     But after something extra diabolical  his   lordship  broke   out   with:   "I   reallv  think, sir, you are playing badly on purpose to   annoy me."   " Oh, shut up !" said   the  soldier," "how  can any fellow play when you keep jawing at him?"  Lord Russell, with quiet dignity, observed : " I don't  think you know to   whom you. are   speaking,   sir."  " Oh," yes, I do,"  said   the  warrior. "You   are the  Lord Chief Justice, but you're not in  your blooming  police court now."     Tableau.  The Queen Made a Discovery.  The Queen of Italy had a trusted maid who did  her shopping. The maid fell ill, and the Queen  senta lady in waiting in her stead to buy a gown.  The shop keeper asked 1000 francs for a plain pique  dress, and the lady demurred at the price. The  shop keeper declared that the price was not excessive,  saying:  " There are Peppina's dues to come out of it. She  always insists on having, over 50 per cent commission."  The result was the dismissal of Peppina, a sadder  and wiser but not impoverished woman, her perquisites having been enormous.  Two Real Donhybrpok Fairs.  Comparatively few people in the southern counties  of Ireland, with   whom   Donnybrpok fair is still  a  cherished tradition, know   that  there  is  a   Donny-  brook of the  north   where for  many generations a  yearly fair, lasting three day'Sj has been  held, rivaling the Donnybrpok fair made famous by song  and  story in hilarity   and  rollicking  fun.     Yet   for   a  period of time further back than the  oldest  inhabitants or their grandfathers,   when   they   were  alive,  could remember the yearly fair in Ballycastle, which  is the Donnybrook of the north referred   to, was  the  one regular event that came to stir up a town which  for 362 days out of every 365 was as drowsy and  dead to the rest of.the world as if its people had been  asleep.  Ballycastle is on the nortn coast of County Antrim,  partly,facing the wild, storm-beaten islands forming  the west, coast of the highlands of Scotland.      Islay  is the largest of these islands,  and  its   people   visi  Balleycastle during the  yearly   fair,   bringing   with  them supplies of dried codfish for sale, depend ingon  the money thus realized for the purchase of clothing  " ahdLother things needful'during the rest of the year.  A promoter who took a great      erest in   Ballycastle  gave last week  the  following description  of Ballycastle and its annualfair at a time when the fair was  m the height of its glory :.  "   " Ai the time I speak of there had been no change  in the old town for perhaps 100 years.     I had   been  . in Ballycastle many times,   and  out of  curiosity  I  took the trouble to go there this time to see what the  fair.v/as.like.     It was surprised to find the aspect of  the place all changed.     There was an air  of, bussie  about it which I would have thought impossible, and  the formerly deserted quay was alive with crowds  of  people.     A fleet of luggers, in which nearly all   the  population of   Islay, it  appeared   to  me,   including  women and children, had arrived, lay at anchor, and  the pier was piled from *ud to end   with   dried   codfish.     The'Islay men could not talk   anything   but  Gaelic, and left their wives   to  sell   the, fish,  while  they hustled   ar> und   for  customers.     The women,  though they talked   Gaelic,   too,  could make   them,  selves better underst.o. d than the men.  " The first day of the fair was supposed to   be   devoted to business and the last   two .days   in   enjoyment.      By nightfall the piles of fish  were   disposed,  of, and the Islay people, who filled both   sections   of  the   town,   prepared1 to   enjoy   themselves   as   they  could.      Fiddlers fn��m all the   country   round,  who  had arrived   in    anlcipaiion   of  employment,   were  hired  eagerly by the Islay  people and their friends.  One-half-of the* houses, in    Ballycastle  proper   and'  thre -fourths   of   the   houses  in   the  Red Row   be,  ,came lodging houses for   the   time   being.      All   the  public houses, as the i qiior .-alooiH are called,   were  filled, and in each one several fiddlers had been   engaged, and dancing was {iding on in   several   looms.  *' The dancers weie nearly all   Islay   j eop e,   and  there was no  pretence as   to style 'or   grace.      The  women bobbed'up and down a- ii they were made of  cork, and the men, uttering loud  whoops   in  Gaelic,  pounded ihe floor with their heavy boots and clapped  their handfc until they were perspiring.    The hilarity  was great outside of the hou-es.     Numbers of Islay  people who could not find room   in   the houses   had  employed fiddlers and had dancing parties along the  road from the Red Row to the town proper, the night  being fine.     rJ he dancers w�� le surrounded  in   every  case by crowds of people, and every  Islay  man carried a flask of whiskey, which he hospitably   offered  to every one be met.  "The next day, as soon as night fell, the dancing  was resumed, and, in spite of a prodigious capacity  which the Islay people have for whiskey drinking a  great many of them were drunk; I met them everywhere, sometimes hilariously tipsy, at other times  etupidly drunk, but never'quarrelsome.  "Late on the last evening of the fair the Islay men  weighed anchor and left with their wives and children on their luggers for the rugged shores of their  island home, not to return again until the next fair.  I was told that with favoring wind they would reach  Islay in tllirty-six hours. The luggers were very  broad in the beam and half-decked, so that sleeping  bunks could be rigged up for the women and children."  \W:>  y\"-  it&sn@n " THE ECONOMIST.  11  .#  The Shipping Point for Goat Mountain Mines  on the Crow's Nest Pass and Bedlington  and Nelson Railways.  < * ii  The Centre of One of the Finest Agricultural and Fru:t Growing Districts in West Kootenay. /  OR TO  E. MALLAN DAINE>  For Information and Hrice List Apply to  L. ArHAM/LTONt  Land Commissioner C. P. R.,  WINNIPEG, MAN.  Agent,  CRE3TON. B.C.  GEO. McFARLAND, AGENT, NELSON.  raflft  The Queen Kept the Letter.  The late Mrs. Keeley used to tell the following story  about the visit she paid to the queen at Buckingham  pilace on the occasion of the j'ibilea in 1SS7.    Biin *  incredulous of the genuineness of the invitation, she  was disposed to treat the r>yal omnmd a^   a joke  and wrote a rather sarcastic letter to  the official,  a  personal friend, who had addressed it to  her.    This  he  gave to the queen, and the veteran actress was a  little disconcerted when her majesty told her she had  read the letter.,    Mrs. Keeley   begged that it should  be  estored to her.  " No, no, Mrs. Keeley," answered  the queen," it is  safely  pasted  in   my  autograph  book.     You'll never get it again."  r  Some Difference.  In the reign of Queen Anne lived two gentlemen,  both members in the same; parliament. The one  was called Montague Matthieu, the other Matthew  Montague, the former a tall, handsome man, the  latter as deformed, ugly one. On one occasion in  the house an honorable member inadvertently attri^  buted something that,had.been said by;Mr. Matthew  Montague to Mr. Montague Matthieu upon which the  latter got up and appealed to the speaker and the  house in the following manner:  " Sir, an honorable member has charged me with  having said that which I never gave utterance to,r  but which came from Mr. Matthew Montague; NoWj  sir, I must appeal to you and this honorable" houseT  whether there is riot as much difference^ between Mr.  Matthew Montague arid* Mr: Montague Matihieu as  there is between a horse chestnut and; a chestnut  horse ?"  Mr. G. W. Steevens.  Mr. George Warrington Steevens who, by the way,  has been dubbed the Christopher Columbus of journalism, is, as everyone knows, not an admirer of that  species of Indian called the Babu. After making such  exceedingly unooraplimentiary remarks about. Bengali legs, Mr. Steevens is naturally not a favorite  with all classes in India. The following description  written by a native journalist cannot be considered  a flattering one:  "Mr. Stevens-,of the London Daily Mail, I thought,  would be a giant���giant in body and mind !   But no  such thing ! He is a very poor specimen of humanity  as shoulders go.     Narrow  chest,  narrow  shoulders  it looked as if his   body   was suddenly  arrested  in  development.     It may be that his head developed to  the sacrifice of the body, and what was the state of his  heart I cannot say.     A heart in such a partially developed body cannot be altogether sound and  hence  perhaps his heartlessness, his savage attack on Indian  savages!   Though a globe-trotter, he  had  his  white  collar and a black neck-tie, but   it looked   as  if he  persisted in wearing his winter suit so that he might  perspire I   And  his  face 1   It was  well   worth  the  study of a life time !  It  had  a  pair of eyes���grey  eyes, eyes which meant mischief, which were partially  concealed by nis pi nee nez.     It  had   a nose which  looked as if it were  the result of a contemptuous  afterthought on the part of  its Creator.     It had  a  pair of moustaches, rather  slow  in  growth,  which  jtheir proud owner was anxious to see  prolonged,  to  judge from the frequency with which  his left hand  patrbriized, caressed, and played with them.    It had  a* pair of ears, rather long,   which   reminded���hem !  and which looked as if they were cut and pasted  at  the sides npt exactly in their proper place.     It  had  cneeM bones  which   courted some  prominence and  which  gave  the owner  thereof a  half-starved   appearance."  W^MSmBSS^sssmiBBmseasesmsmmtmmmxm 12  THE ECONOMIST.  P. Burns & Co.  *j  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  Meat Merchants  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .   BRANCHES AT   .  ^    R05SLAND  4       SANDON  TRAIL       -   NELSON , KASLO  THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITV ���  * West Kootenay Butcher Co  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN ;   >  FRESH AND SALT MEATS.  Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices.  Mail orders receive.careful attention. .'      ']  j   -   Nothing bnt< fresh and wholesome meats andsuppHes  & -kept in stock. ,  WADDS BROS.,  Photographers  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelsou. "  Express and Draying  Having purchased the express and draying  business of J. W. Cowan, we are prepared' to  do all kinds of work in this line, and solicit  the patronage of the people of Nelson. Orders  left at D. McArthur & Co's store, northwest  corner Baker andrWard streets, will receive  prompt attention/ Telephone 85.  G0MER  DAVIS.  I  E. C TRAVES, Manager.  C-$*Hfc#  ��i* ^w-nrrsfttr ��>r--��-..",jg^'Hfysg*cw"'-i van CMjwf>gigatfrAUiMiM.iWM^L��*aiagBg��>aJitocj  .. Humphreys & Pittock.  Next to Nelson Plot el, Baker Street, Telephone No. 93.  ICE GREAM  AND  Agents for  Victoria Colonist  Seattle Times  S..F. Bulletin  all  .Nelson Kconomist  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Tim.es  Toronto Mail and Empir e"  Touonto Farm ani> Fireside  New York Sunday World,  And Other Periodicals.  /C�� ORE AM SODA  m  FRESH  California Fruit  Received Daily.  K.V?��!?y>irTV.*.^^JV7^nr7u7^'w^"^agJ-'::=ifc-  Bob Ingersoll recently delivered  a lecture.on. Burn.".- He has acquired a considerable .-reputation  by. talking on. that.lin^ of subjects.  Rev. Henry Beer,   who occupied  the ptflpi!: in the Episcopal Church  l-ast Sunday, evening^has the happy  faculty   of  being  able to preach a  common-sense  sermon.     His.dis-  courre last Sunday   evening   was  a practical dieeussion dealing with  the   moral defects of Biblical characters.     The charge that men who  were  held   up- as   saints   by   the  scriptures   were   often    guilty   of  crimed   that   would   be punishable  these da}s by death, was 'answered  by Mr. Beer, showing that advanced  civilization demands more   now-a-  day-< than was required in the days  of Soloiiioii and David.    This is  a  commonsense solution of a problem  that sometimes  perplexes   anxious  inquirers.  ���   T  KOOTENAY LAKE SAW MILL "  Lumber,  g   Lath,  S   Shingles.  G. Q. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders   Promptly   Filled   and j Sash & Doors    ��  Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings, ��  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street. | Turned Work-  The calico bali was a grand success financially and otherwise.  There was a gay company of youth  and beauty, moving in measure to  exhilarating music. The young ladies did not adhere strictly to  calico, but white was the prevailing  color. The amount realized by the  Ladies Aid of the Catholic Church  was perfectly satisfactory to those  having the affair in charge.  " I wish," said a charitably disposed woman, addressing a meeting  the other day, "that a committee  would be appointed   to  mend   my  #  <>,  ./  r  % -.  s  /  Jt  9ma>+��ManmmBXEtm '���>  y  ���  THE ECONOMIST.  13  children's clothes. I have a box  of flannel to get ready for the  heathen, a poem to write about the  evils of tobacco, six committees to  serve on this week for charitable  purposes, arid my husband unfeel-,  ing wretch, complains that my  children are still wearing winter  dresses."  MADSON  largest Tent and Awning Factory in  m  Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods and general stock of Miners7  Supplies. Op p. Postoffice.  Nelsonities will have an opportunity of witnessing a fantganiH of  lacrosse on Dominion Day. Arrangements have been made   for a  <  match with Rossland for the championship of the Kootenay. JNelt<on  has a good team, but the Ro.-^-  landers are prepared to back their  men.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Imperial Mineral Claim, situate in the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay District. Where located : On east side of Eagle  Creek, about two and a-half miles southeast of  Poorman Mineral Claim.  Take nofice that I, John McLatchie, Free  Miner's Certificate No. B 11,326, acting as agent  for J. P. Swedberg, Free Miner's Certificate  No. B. 11,243 and J. W. Johnson, Free Miner's  Certificate No. 21,785 A, intend sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crowh Grant ot tue  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this twelfth day of June, 1899.  John aMcLatchib.  COMHANDINQ ATTENTION  is simply a matter of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves. *  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns are marvels of  good quality, good style and  good * workmaship. The  value is great.  FRED. J- SQUIRE, Baker St, Kelson,  NOTICE.  Before Buying Elsewhere  Come in and   inspect  our   stock  of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furhishings.  VANCOUVER HARDWARE COMPANY, Ld  Importers of Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  CERTIFICATE OF, IMPROVEMENTS.  Notice is hereby given that the Head Office  of the Broken Hill Mining and Development  Company, Limited Liability, will at the expiration of thirty days from the 15th of June,  1899, be changed from Nelson, B. C. to Ymir,  B. C.  Dated atNelson, B. C, this 9th day of June, 1899  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that I, \V. G. Robinson, intend to apply to the Board of Licensing  Commissioners of the City of Nelson at their  next sitting thirty days after date for a transfer from me to Solomon Johns, Nelson. B. C,  of the license held by me for the sale of liquors  by retail at the Royal Hotel, situated on lots  3 and t, Block 29, Nelson, B. C.  Dated this 9th day of June, 1899.  W. Q. Robinson.  Invincible, Royal Arthur. Bellerophon, Elk  Tiumpet, Willie, Florence G. and  Gerald ��  Fraction Mineral Claims, situate in the Nelson  M ning Division of West Kootenay District.  Where Located: On Eagle Creek and near  the headwaters thereof.  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, free  miner's certificate No. 2,078A tor myself and  as agent for Solomon Johns, free miner's certificate No. 2,348A and William George Robinson, free miner's certificate No. 13,584A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  Crown Grants of the above claims. And further take notice that action, under section 37,  must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  JOHN McLATCHIE, P. L. S.  Dated this 20th day of April, 1899.  NOTICE.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  AND  Josephine Street  Nelson.  Alter the expiration of thirty days from the  date hereof we intend to apply to the Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works at Victoria, British Columbia, for a lease for twenty-  one years for the purpose of quarrying lime stone for sale and disposal over the following lands, situated on the  east bank of Lower Arrow Lake, about six  miles north of Deer Park on said Lake and  about six hundred yards due east from the  shore of said Lake, comprised within the following boundaries : Commencing at a poet inscribed "Initial post, W. A. Gafiiher, Frank  Seidel arid Allan Forrester's N. W. corner,  planted and located June 2nd, 1899," thence  due south twenty chains, thence due east and  at right angles twenty chains, thence due  north and parallel to the southern boundary  twenty chains, thence due west twenty chains  to the point of commencement, containing  eighty acres more or less.  Dated June 2nd, 1899.  W. A. GaltLiher,  Frank Seidet,,  Allan Forrester.  Greenhorn Fraction Mineral Claim.Ssituate  in the Nelson.Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  Where located : On east side of Eagle Creek,  between the Poorman, White and Granite,  Mineral Claims. ���,,.,.     ^  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, Free  Miner's Certificate No. B 11.101, acting as agent,  for E. O. Nelson. Free Miner's Certificate No.  B. 11,277 and J. P. Swedberg, Free Miner's Certificate No. B 11.243, intend, sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for  :he purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim. And further take notice  that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate,  of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of May, 1899.  John McLatchie,  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor, ^^ ���  Opp. Custom Bouse, Nelson, B.C  CLUB  HOTEL^;    ;'-;  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  RATES; $�� per day and up.  Schooner Beer, io cents  E. J. Curran, Proprietor.  \�� vB&rita&*to��*2Z3s*^^  i  14  9-  THE ECONOMIST.  - A painter boasted U>;, Ape lie/of  his ability to paint rust. The  artist answered, "It j- viable in  your works."  Voltaire once said to a, lady :  " Your rivals are ihe pnfeciion of  art, but you are ih�� perfection ^of  nature." , ,  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  JOB DEPART  A   young "physician   was   once  called   in by a gentleman who had  a very sick -mother-in-law.     After  looking into the caee.carefully,  ihe.  young M. D.called" the gentleman  'aside and   baid :   " Weil, ihe  only  thing   1  ca.L biiggeti 'it.   that   you  send yqurrnuther-in-hitt ��j,a    uai-  ' mer, climate."     The    roan    di-ap-  \ pea red, and came bark v\nh an axe  a   moment  later, 'hi d t��xclaiiui-d :  "Here, Doct.n,   \ou    kill" iJtr-j��� ].  1  really haven't i he heart."  Prints Everything  AND soo line  NEW FAST '"-*  DAILY SERVICE  EAST AND WEST:  Optional routes oast from  Letter Heads  Note Heads  BfII Heads -  Statements  Envelopes  Business Cards  Visiting Cards  Menu Cards  Receipts  Etc., Etc.  -At-  PRICES  COMPLETELY  0UT-0F-:  IT  Be Convinced.  Kootenay country.1 j'Complete. Stock of Stationery  First-Class sleepers on all trains from  Arrowhead and Kootenay Landing  T>m1��iU4Sjt-Cari? pasl Revelstoke daily for St  Si1', rhursdays for Montreal'and Boston  luesdays and Saturdays for Toronto.    OUoih  Nelson to Toronto  ORDERS, BY MAIL RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  VERNON    STREET, NELSON, B. C.  101  30  85 hours ; Montreal, 89 hours ��� V<nv'v,��.i-  2-DAILYTRAINS-2  KOOTENAY LAKE-KASLO ROUTE.  KOOTEEAY  RIVER  ROUTE  4 hours-NELSON  TO   ROSSLAND-4 hours  "SsuiSl S^t?111 '^'^ation   address  C. E. Beasfey, City Passenger Agent.  u# V *   _.  R. W. Drew, Agent, Nelson.  W. F. Anderson, g. j. Co^  Travelling Pass. Aeent n,^ D��� .' ' ,'���  Nelson fir3 ' R\si-Pass- Agent.  xseison.n.a.    ������ Vancouver B;C.  When you buy ��� ;?mfWH^nmnr^^  O'KELL & -     ,  MORRIS  OKELL& MORRIS'  __Preserves@)  ��<   you get what are pure Brili"h CoIiimlnV a        ^    ���,  L ,  �����   ruit and sugar, and your inoney Is lift at " absoluteIy the  hofeS^^- ���        IS'0,t,,t PUREST AND BEST.  ���-rmit Preset  c  Brokers and Manufacturers' Agents.  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour'  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc. -;_. ��� ���������  ,  NELSON,,B. t;  ���;    /;    P. O. Box 498^' ;��� ''  A  ^  HueiMUUimm  t-'-i  !Jtf^Bra*S3!3?E2!^1F��!vE^


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