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The Nelson Economist Jul 20, 1898

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Array NO. 2.  C. Dell-Smith. ...':.' '....  .... .Editor  P. J. O'Reilly..  ..'..; ..Manager  8 U BSC R1PTIO N RATES:  One Year to Canada and United States..  .$2.00  If paid in advance....  .;...... 1.50  One Year to Great Britain  ���... 2.50  If paid in advance...  .'.  2 00  Remit by Express,  Money  Order,   Draft,  P. O.  Order,  or  Registered Letter.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  ���olicited. ...i;_~i_^-__:.r.  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  In the last number of the British   Columbia  Gazette appears the official notice of the Five  Insurance   Tax   by-law,   No.    30,   emanating  from the city of Nelson.    This   by-law, as our  readers are aware/ imposes a  tax of $200 per  annum on fire insurance companies doing business in the city.     Nelson has  enjoyed a wonderful immunity from fire, and.  there is every  reason to" hope that this happy state   of affairs  will continue.     A great de 1 has been done in  the matter of  fire  protection, but much more  . must   be   accomplished ere insured or insurers  can   teel  that they are not incurring considerable   risk.     With   an  improved and extended  water system, the number of hydrants will no  doubt be increased, and the  equipment of the  fire   brigade   enlarged.     But   pending   these  improvements, it is  not surprising   to   hear a  protest   from   the   underwriters'    association.  The representative  of this   body  who waited  upon   the   Board   of Trade a couple of weeks  ago, made a good case against the imposition  of the tax, but we incline to the belief that he  was a little too exacting in   his   terms.    That  there  should   always   be   a   member   of   the  brigade   at the  firehall to receive an alarm, is  apparent; and that the chief of the fire brigade  should be in a position to devote   more of his  time to the duties of the office  is indisputable.  At present that official is  a policeman during  the day and a fireman during the night.    This  is an unsatisfactory arrangement.      However,  if all that the underwriters' association call for  be supplied, the fire department would be the  most expensive branch of  the   municipal service.     If the provisions of the local   fire limit  by-law, even   as  it now   stands, are properly  enforced, we see no reason why the companies  doing a lucrative business in  the  city should  object to contribute to the   public  exchequer.  It is a most important matter that insurance  rates should be such as to justify our local  merchants in carrying a full stock of goods,  especially considering that Nelson is the  acknowledged distributing point of the Koot-  enays. The city has not f��s yet attained such  dimensions as would justify the inaugur tion  of a thoroughl}7 equipped fire department, but  a great deal can be done to improve existing  arrangements, and that without incurring  much expense.  We published a couple of weeks ago a letter  from a correspondent complaining of the  unsanitary condition of the extreme eastern  end of the city. The damping ground hitherto  used by the city scavengers has been closed to  them by the C. P. R. The matter ' was ; reported to the city council, and at least an  implied promise given that other grounds  would be supplied for the purposes of the  scavengers. Whether the present dumping  ground is the site selected, we are not in a  position to say, but if it is, it is a most undesirable one. The east end of the city is rapidly building up, and that the health ana  happiness of those living there should be endangered is not fair to them. The dumping  ground at present being used is in dangerous  proximity to the city limits, and altogether  unsuitable. If there is any control over the  scavengers it ought to be exercised, and at  least ordinary rules enforced for the disposal  of objectionable matter.  Bicyclists are making their presence telt in  every community���for good or for evil, according to how and where they pedal their  wheel. America has had bicycle weddings,  and even in staid old England bridal parties  have ridden to church on the wheel. But this  does not beat the Dutch. According to foreign advices, a wealthy young widow of Holland asked as a dying request that her favorite  bicycle should be draped in mourning and be  trundled by a servant behind the hearse in  which her body was conveyed to the grave.  She was explicit in stipulating that the bicycle  should precede the coach containing the chief  mourners.  The municipality of Richmond has passed a  very commendable liquor license by-law, imposing a fee of $400 per annum on hotels,  $150 for wholesale houses, and $50 for restaurants, the latter entitling " to sell or dispose of  ale, beer, porter and light wines to guests at  table with their meals." There is the usual  provision that " every person licensed under  this by-law who permits drunkenness  or  any  violent, quarrelsome or disorderly conduct to  take place on his premises, or who sells or  delivers intoxicating liquors to any minor or  to any drunken person, or permits any minor  or drunken person to consume intoxicating  liquor on the premises, or permits persons of  notoriously bad character to assemble or  meet on his premises, or permits any gambling or any unlawful game to be played or  carried on on his premises, shall incur a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars, with costs of  prosecution." If the provision making it an  offence '--.*l to sell to any drunken person," or  permitting <*-ny drunken person to consume intoxicating liquor on the premises, be enforced  in the municipality, the police force need not  be even as large as that of Nelsun where this  provision is not enforced.  An explosion at the Laflin & Rond Powder  Mills, at Pompton   Lake,   near  Dover,   N: J.,  the other day killed fifteen   persons,   maimed  as many more, wrecked the  whole concern-  in fact, ' 'scattered the troops and employees.''  We are informed that " the report  was  heard  for miles," but it was only a couple of days ago  that it reached Nelson.     The explosion which  happily, or unhappily, took place near Dover,  is of interest to Nelson, inasmuch   as we  may  have an explosion here any  day.       The  city  engineer's report as to  the  probable  effect   of  an explosion at our local powder magazine (to  which we referred a couple of weeks  ago) put  a very cheerful  complexion  on  the situation,  and encouraged a sense of safety for  our persons, if not for our windows.   Now comes this  other report from Pompton Lake which somewhat shatters the   hopes   of those living  on  Kootenay Lake in the vicinity of the powder  magazine.      Should  Mr.  McCulloch be again  called upon to report re. the powder magaziue  it would be well that he should have a note of  the little fatality at Laflin & Rond's establishment.  "Pending the result of the election protests  which will be filed, the election in Cassiar and  one or two other matters, of which more will  be heard by-and-bye," says the Colonist, " the  Opposition are decidedly premature, to say the  least of it, in caucusing and beginning the  work of cabinet making. It will be time  enough for them to think of that sort of thing  when there is some likelihood of their being  able to carry out their plans. The meeting of  the Oppositionists in Vancouver yesterday  furnishes an illustration of the character of  that political combination, also of their knowledge of the situation. They propose to have  six portfolios.    As the law   only   provides for  V  1 A  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  :  ,t !  five, they, will have some little difficulty in  putting this part of their scheme in execution,  even if, by any ill luck to the province, they  get in office. But the idea , shows the quandary they are in. There are certainly not  offices enough to go round. In the meantime  the friends of the Government and of British  Columbia need feel no alarm. The province  is not yet in the hands of Mr. Joseph Martin,  and it is not likely to get there. Hon. J. H.  Turner is premier and will doubtless be so for  the next four years."  That   oft-quoted    authority,    '' the .';, oldest  inhabitant, "will tell of his  early recollections  of expeditions to the North Pole, and  the rising generation have not had   their  interest in  the " discovery" abated.     First an expedition  ���the   Franklin, -was   it   now ?���started   for  those inhospitable regions, and ever since then  we have had expeditions looking for one another and the north  pole.    Three   or   fonr distinct parties are now heading poleward,���some  in quest of the pole itself, and others in  quest  of those who had been   in quest   of the north  pole.     It will vary the monoton}' somewhat to:  know that scientists  are   now   directing their  attention to the south pole���a   region  so long  and so shamefully neglected.     We are assured  that the Royal Geographical   Society and explorers generally have been much disappointed  by Lord Salisbury's refusal to  suppty government aid to  the   expedition   in   search of the  south pole.     In the face  of  this   decision, the  Royal Geographical Society has determined to  raise $250,000 by subscription, for the purpose  of supplying the needed   funds.   "The   sum  of  $25,000,    from    friends    of   the   society,   has  already been received, also a   private   offer of  $50,000 more, and $25,000 extra   is  available  in   Australia, by   bequest of  the late Thomas  Elder.       It    is   proposed   to   send    a   special  steamer, and one of the purposes of the expedition will be to land a sledge   party on  Victoria Land, which will  endeavor to   penetrate  the interior,   as   far   as   possible, and   seek to  locate the south magnetic pole.     We wish the  voyageurs all sorts of success.  It has been demonstrated that the Spanish  soldier can live and fight on two meals a day,  and a cigarette. The meals consist of 1%  pound of black bread, a little oil and a clove  of garlic. Anything beyond this ration must  be purchased by the soldier himself, but this  is all the government allows. Coolies engaged  in discharging ships at various ports where  this class of labor is eniplo^^ed, manage to  subsist on a small allowance of rice. All this  goes to prove that there is more food consumed by the ordinary man in this country  than is good for him���certainly much more  than is necessary for the maintenance of health  and strength.  The following extract from a bill of lading  for slaves is given in Chambers' Journal, and  bears date February 1, 1766: "Shipped, by  the Grace of God, in good order and well conditioned, by James ������, in and upon the good  ship   called   the   Mary   Borough,   whereof  is  master, under God, for his .present voyage,  Captain David Morton, and now riding at  anchor at the Barr of Senegal, and by God's  grace bound for Georgey, in South Carolina,  to say, twenty-four prime slaves, six prime  women slaves." etc. It ends with the pious  wish :" God send the good ship to her desired  port in safety. Amen." In these days it  may appear impious to us to associate the  name of God with the iniquitous traffic; but it  must be remembered that slavery, in its day,  was looked upon by many as a divine institution, directly sanctioned by the Bible.  A number of survivors of La Bourgogne  c disaster are sueing for damages against the  Compagnie Generale Trans-Atlantique, the  owners of the ill-fated steamship. And why  not ? Damages are every day recovered from  raiWay companies for accidents���and substantial damages too, wherever negligence is  proven. In this particular instance it does  not appear that the officers of the ship displayed any negligence prior to the fatal collision. The}' were out of their reckoning, it is  true, but considering the state of the weather,  this may have been excusable. But after the  collision the officers and crew of La Bourgogne were unquestionabh^ to blame for, a great  deal of the loss of life which _<am fortunately attended the collision���that is, if the survivors  are not guilty of gross exaggeration. It is a  very significant fact that few, save seamen,  make up the list of survivors, and that so large  a proportion of the crew succeeded in saving  themselves. Such cowardice and brutality  under like circumstances is not recorded.  A prisoner from  Rossland was  admitted to  the jail at Nelson the other da}% to undergo a  term of two months' imprisorment. It appears  that   this particular  individual   made himself  obnoxious   in   Rossland   through   his love of  liquor.     He had been in custody several times  on the charge of drunkenness, and in sending  him   to  Nelson   the   Rossland magistrate evident^ thought that it would be  good   for the  man himself as well as for the community.   In  explaining why he is here to a fellow prisoner  the   other   day,  the   Rossland inebriate said :  " I am here because the magistrate mistook an  old drunk for a new one."     Prisoners always  have an excuse for being behind the bars.   " I  am   here,   gentlemen,"   explained   the   pickpocket to his fellow  prisoners, "as   the result  of a moment of abstraction."     "And I," said  the   incendiary, "because   of  an   unfortunate  habit of making light of things."     "Audi,"  chimed in the forger, " on account of a desire  to   make   a   name   for   myself."     "And    I,"  added   the   burglar,    "through    nothing   but  taking advantage of an opening which offered  in a large mercantile establishment in town."  There are wars and rumors of wars just at  present. In those in progress and comtem-  plation the Anglo-Saxon people have a lively  interest, but the fight now said to be going on  in China is one in which we have no greater  interest than that awakened by the hope that  the Chinese who infest  the Pacific   slope will  be called home to participate in the struggle.  The Manchu rule is not, it appears, favored  by Chinamen, and they want - an emperor  chosen, from among themselves. From the  very start of hostilities what are now called  " the rebels V seem to have got the best of it.  The Imperial troops have been defeated at  Woo Chow, wTith a loss of 15.000 killed and  twice that number wounded. The latest from  Canton announces that "a thousand picked  braves " (picked braves is good) have been  despatched to Woo Chow, to put down the  rebellion. But seeing that the aforesaid rebels  promise ample reward to localities which supply recruits, they will probably be able to get  all the "braves " they may require���that is, if  John will do as much for ample reward in his  own home as he will in the land of the " foreign, devil." When Chinamen begin to fight  among themselves the outside world is not  likely to know much as to what is going on.  An eminent  French  physician   startled the  world   some   time   ago   with  the bland statement   that   the   stomach  was an  unnecessary  portion of the  human   anatomy,   but   that he  succeeded in demonstrating his   theory we rre  not aware.     All the members of   the   medical  profession whom we have the honor of knowing,   still   prescribe   three   square   meals    per  diem.     They   differ   as   to   what   these meals  should   consist   of,  and   when   anything goes  wrong they do not blame the stomach, but the  class of food that is put into it.     We all know  that certain dietaries  are injurious  to health,  and even when we partake of things which we  know will disagree with   us,   we   are   alwa}Ts  willing    to    apologize   for   our   stomach    and  blame our palate.       That  there are gormards  who overload the stomach  restauranf  keepers  testify, and boarding-house   keepers   substantiate the statement.     If the stomach be an unnecessary   adjunct   it   is   but   right   that    we .  should   know   it, but   in   the   absence   of this  knowledge, it is well that  we   should be convinced   that eating is a much-abused right, or  habit,   or   custom,   or  call  it   what  we   will.  There is at Victoria at present a   young lady,  Miss Ollie Holden, who is to do   a thirty-day  fast.     Ollie, it seems, is   a professional faster,  who has trained herself  to   abstain  from food  for long periods, and in consideration  of $500  and   a   percentage   of  receipts   she will   hold  forth   at  the   hall   of   the   Ancient   Order  of  United Workmen,  commencing   on   Saturday  next.    The   exhibition    will    be   public,   but  valuable scientific  data   is   hoped   for   by the  medical frr.ternity during   the progress of the  fast.     Dr. R. L. Fraser, upon whom devolved  the responsibility of deciding   the advisability  or otherwise of allowing the fast to be made a  matter of public interest, attached to  his consent the somewhat gruesome  stipulation that  should the lady die, her friends will bear the  cost of her interment or pay $25  into the city  treasury   for   that   purpose.      Dr.   Frank  W.  Hall will act as   physician   in   charge   of  the  test, Dr. Croft assisting him,   and two graduated nurses of the Jubilee  hospital   will be in  constant attendance upon che fasting lady with  the object of assuring   the genuineness of the  wM^wm*' ��������� ��� ��������� ��� ip   11      uw��� hhmi.1   ���  i��i ���   111 m> r n miihiji i i  ���     ��� ti ��� m"nfi i pi  muTTt^-iT.  "t% PW��r t    WT' '1   ��� **mnril]]P Vwltw *t'u" TF*"~ *��� ��� "n��� THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  abstinence from food. If Ollie Holden can  fast for thirty days, there is no reason why the  ordinary man should declare himself "starved  to death " if his wife keeps him waiting thirty  seconds for dinner.  i  Latest advices from Dawson City go to show  that the town   is flooded with  sharpers,   who  try to work off worthless properties, or "wildcats,"    on   the   monied    tenderfoot.       It   is  well   that   those   going   north  with   the intention   of speculating   should   be   warned to  avoid   these   gentry.      Judge   Hall,   of   Los  Angeles, who has j ust returned from Dawson',  states that there are between 10,000 or 15,000  claims staked off in each of the four principal  districts^the Klondyke,   Indian  River, Dominion and Yukon, of which not more than 200  are on a paying basis.      It  will thus  be seen  that the chances for a new   comer to  succeed  are very slim indeed.    The judge states   that  in their anxiety to record  claims   men   camp  out in  front of the commissioner's   office   all  night so as to be on hand first in the morning,  and adds :    " Many of the   men   who  record  such claims are promoters of wildcat schemes,  and they are of course compelled  to resort to  dishonest methods.   The Government requires  that gold shall be discovered  in  the   property  before a claim can be recorded,   and in   order  to hoodwink the  Government   one   man   will  purposely drop several nuggets on the ground,  while his partner, who will  appear  later, will  find the gold and hasten to the Commissioner's  office to record the claim.      It  is this kind of  property that is offered to new-comers,  and I  would advise all men who go to   Dawson   this  season to give these sharks a wide berth."  Already   the   Opposition    party,   who   are  claiming a complete victory,   are setting their  house in order in anticipation  ot taking over  the establishment.    At a meeting held in Van-  , couver the other day, behind   closed   doors   of  course, it is said that Joe Martin was named as  Premier and Attorney-General,  with a  salary  of $6,oco per annum ; F.   C.   Cotton,   Provincial   Secretary   and   Minister   of   Education,  $5,000; J. D. Prentice,   Provincial  Treasurer  and Minister of Finance, $5,000; James   Martin,    Rossland,   Minister    of   Mines,   $5,000;  Thomas   Forster,   President   of the   Council,  with a portfolio to be created, and a salary of  $5,000 per year ; Robert McPherson, Speaker,  $2,000 a year and the sessional  indemnity of  $1,000.       T.   W.    Patterson   was  named   as  Chief Commissioner   of   Lands   and   Works,  should he manage  to   gain   a   seat  for North  Victoria, but. in the event of His being   unable  to upset the election in that riding, then  F. J.  Deane takes the plum.      Ex-Speaker Higgins  is endeavoring to  upset the   election of Hon.  Mr. Pooley or Mr.  Bullen at   Esquimalt, and  will have   a portfolio   created   for him.    The  name  of our   own  J.  Fred  Hume   does   not  appear on the list for   anything.    Then   it is  proposed to reduce the number of representatives to 21, giving the   Island but   7   and the  Mainland   14 members.     By   this  means the  sessional allowance can  be increased.     It was  further decided to dispense with the services of  a number of civil servants, so as to make room  for friends of the party. Such is the outline  of the proceedings as given by the papers of  the Coast.  For the accuracy of the preceding details we  do not hold ourselves  responsible,   but- we do  affirm   that a "slate"   is   being   prepared  in  Nelson, and that a number of the government  offices have been allotted���in anticipation of a  change.     And there is no secret   made of the  matter.     Petitions  are   being   openly hawked  around the city by aspirants to  office, and are  being, in some cases, numerously signed.   For  instance, one of the turnkeys in the provincial  gaol, named Ince, aspires to the office   at present held by Capt. Fitzstubbs���that of warden'  ���and is getting signatures to a petition in his  own   favor.     He   is   the   only   gaoler, so   far,  whose ambition just now soars to the warden-  ship, and his only claim to   the   position  from  which he would oust his chief is   that he supported the candidature of the man who headed  the poll at the late   election.     Of course   it is  onty " in the event of a vacancy''   that Turnkey    Ince    would    accept    the    wardenship.  " Don't nail his ear to the pump."     A straw  will indicate how the tide is running, and this,  the first straw, shows how full the "slate "  is  in   Nelson.     Wonder   what Capt.   Fitzstubbs  thinks of his subordinate?    The other entries  on the ..." slate "we   will   make   public in  due  course.  Our friends of the Opposition party  who denounced Independents in no unrestrained fashion, are now, curiously enough,  claiming as peculiarly their own the only two  Independent members whom the people of the  province have thought fit to select.  At last definite arrangements have been  made for securing a cemetery site for Nelson.  At the meeting of the city council on Monday  afternoon it was agreed to purchase from the  C. P. R. forty acres of land, near Cottonwood  Creek, for cemetery purposes at $30 per acre.  The site is the one selected several months  ago, and now that it has been secured it is  expected that no time will be lost in putting  the place in order and c'osing up what is  now doing service as a burial ground.  Cassiar is. safe.      Such   is   the   good   news  wired from Victoria yesterday.   The returning  officer for the district reports that the nominations were held on   the   15th   inst.   and   that  three candidates were nominated���Capt. John  Irving and C.  W.   D.   Clifford,   straight   government supporters,   and  Mr.   McTavish,   independent.      If there be a contest the polling  will take place on August  6,   but   this  is improbable, as it is said that Mr.  McTavish will  retire, giving a walk  over to the|government  men.       This   makes   the   parties  in the local  legislature even���Government   19,   including  two Independents ;  Opposition   19,   including  several    very    doubtful   supporters.       Under  these circumstances,   the Turner Government  will continue in office, despite the war-whoops  of their opponents.      The  strength of the re  spective parties does not give   hope  for  very  successful work, but that there will be a number of converts to the good cause of progressive  government there is every reason   to  believe.  So far the battle on the hustings is over ; now  will begin a fight in the law courts as several  protests have been entered.      Opposition candidates    have   been ^returned   by  very   slim  majorities indeed/ and even   these   were obtained under suspicious circumstances.      The  sooner the whole question is settled, the better  will it be for the country   generally,:- as   until  then we cannot hope for a cessation   of" thdse  bitter party feelings which in some sections of  the province   are   so   painfully   conspicuous.  There is not a working majority on either side  of the house,  so  that   another   appeal   to   the  country may be expected in the  near   future,  and when this appeal is made the country will  be in a better frame frame of mind to respond.  There are thousands of men  in  this   province  who are entitled to the  franchise, but who do  not take the interest in public affairs that they  should, ("nd consequently their names  do not  appear on the voters'  list.      The  contest  just  closed has been a bitter one, but it will be pro-  ductive of good if it will   have   the   effect   ot  arousing a lively interest.in provincial politics.  The war between the United States and Spain  may be said to be practically over. Santiago  has surrendered, on the understanding that  the troops, numbering about 15,000 be returned to Spain. There is nothing now left  for Spain but to sue for peace, and make the  best arrangements she can with the United  States. In the meantime, however, some 15-  000 men have to be transported, and that immediately, which is no small undertaking, considering the prevalance of fever among the  troops.  The Governor-General and Lady Aberdeen  are expected to arrive in Nelson   tonight,   and  arrangements have been made by' which   the3^  will be guests of the  city   during   their   brief  stay.     A reception committee have the details  in hands, and are working  hard   to  make the  visit as pleasant as possible  for the vice-regal  party.      It is expected   that the  public generally will enter into the spirit of the thing,  so  that their excellencies  may   be   able   to   look  back to their visit  to   Nelson   as   one   of  the  pleasant incidents of what  will   probably be  their last trip through the Kootenays  in their  capacity of her majesty's representatives.    Let  all unite iu making the occasion a   memorable  one.  It is reported that the special colonial delegates from Newfoundland, now in London,  have succeeded in securing the appointment of v. royal commission to investigate the  internal resources of the colony, and to institute a thorough enquiry into the condition  of the population on the French treaty coast.  Such an investigation cannot but be productive of good results. The people of the colony  have been struggling along under many disadvantages, ^nd if some of the  chief obstacles  to their progress be removed as a result of the  commission's work, the island colony will  have achieved much. THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  A   SHIP'S   LIGHTS.  if  -���'j.n' I  w ���  1  f-;l  m  S:f  ir  >PS  ' ���li;-..  ���/ill  lifi  The system of lights   now. adopted   by- all  maritime   nations "has   been    in   use   compar-  tivel3' few years,, but is   so   perfected   that, .by  them on the darkest nights one   ship  can   tell  exactl}-' the course and   character   of another.  A sailing vessel carries   but  two���-a   red   one  b^low on the port side and a: green   upon   the  starboard.      A steamer carries three���the   red  and green,    besides   a   large   white   masthead  light, and when she   is   towing   other   vessels  white lights, one above the other on  the   foremast, showing it is dangerous to cut too close  across her stern.      Each barge or   craft  being  towed shows on her mast a round white light.  I lived for quite a time among the fishermen  oh the west coast of England and spent  many  a day and night   with   them   at   sea       Sometimes when we would be '.lying to in   George's  channel or ridiing to our   trawls   in   a   fishing  lugger, a big lantern at our side, and  nothing  doing, there was a very subtle   charm   in   the  lights of a ship or steamer   as   she   came   into  view, crept up and swept grandly p- st insignificant and fishy us.  Wa}' down in the southward   would   appear  a little red cr green dot,   showing   and   losing  itself in the he-.-vy ocean swells, until  it   grew  more heavy as it neared us.      Sometimes   two  lights would appear at.first an make   one   feel  nervous, for you know your boat to be directly  in the path  of   an    approaching    ship.      You  would glance at your own    riding    light    and  sometimes, though not Often, fire a'flare, made  of rags and oakum   wrapped   around   a   stick  and soaked in oil.       But scon one or the other  of the dangerous two lights would be lost ; she  is avoiding you, and you can enjoy the  charm  I mentioned.      When both lights   show   dead  ahead, even an old fisherman will be anxious.  Fast ocean steamers as well as heavily freighted  " tramps," hard of steering and as hard where  conscience pricks, make light account of small  craft.      To say that they are sometimes .careless puts a  kind    of   interpretation    on    their  actions.  These same lights ma3r tell a story of disaster in darkest night, and one could read their  meaning as clearly as the operator at Penberth  cable station could read the flashes of his mirror.       I so read them one   night ;   after   them  was nothing but the night, and I   knew���well  that��� .  I had come in from a hard day's tramp  along the coast with Captain Jack, keeping a  sharp lookout for any vessel in distress or  value wreckage that might have been driven  in shore. A great gale was blowing, and we  could count onl}- five rollers between the Runnel stone and the cliffs. Every few minutes  came a burst of hail and sleet as in a cloud,  which again passed away, leaving the atmosphere clear. Having hung up my oil clothes  and eaten my supper, I was in slippers and  easy chair before the fire, prepared for comfort and an old volume of Eraser's Magazine.  The wind howled in gusts, and in the lull  came the ringing of the Runnel stone bell. It  is queer how many kinds of-sounds can be  got from a bell buo}' with only the wind   and  sea to change its character. It will peal sometimes like a chime belt in a fierce squall or  ring lazily, just enough to keep its name and  show it to be on station, when the sea is calm  and the' air clear. , In a tog the heavy wet  atmosphere intensifies its solid and warning  note, giving it more of a ring. I have heard  it toll a knell also.  I had closed my book, thinking or imagining these ideas. It was too exciting a night  to keep still long at any quiet Occupation.  The mind kept turning toward the sea, the  tide was nearly low, and you knew, some of  those treacherous rocks were not Only out of  water, but making a breaking sea. There  were reefs in midchannel which were only  dangerous in a heavy gale, when low tide  caused the great rollers to break in destroy ing  ''combers."   ;,       '  Suddenly I heard a step on the gravel outside and a rap on the window pane. Turning,  I saw a face pressed against the glass. It  was Dick, Captain Jack's nephew, and one of  his crew.  "What's the matter, Dick ? "   I called.  "There's    a    wreck,    sir,    on   the, Runnel  stone."  It took but a few short minutes to get into  my storm clothes, and drawing on my big sea  boots I was ready to join the men outside. I  found Dick and his brothers, Bill and Bob,  waiting for me. We went down the steep  steps of the terrace on which their cottage Was  built into the potato field, through the gate  Sfuarded bv the half of a stateroom door from  the ill fated Schiller. We made our wav  slowly toward the cliffs, stumbling in the deep  blackness. The wind was so strong we could  scarce make head wav against it ns we came  out upon the open downs, but after awhile we  reached Tol Pedn and were safe under the lea  of a bowlder. Way to the south'ard we made  out a light shining clear, a little diamond, and  beneath it a s'.nailer ruby, but oh, the terrible  setting ! Every few seconds they would-both  rise, with a sickening movement, like the  chest of a dying man, and a faint streak, just  a little lighter than the night, would sweep  by beneath them.  We crept out farther upon the crags,  shielded by a rampart of granite. The surf  foamed below us, the spray and spume swished  through the air above, carried far inland by  the gale.  "My God," cried Captain Jack, "it's a  steamer on the Cairn ! She's gone, sir. They  can't get out to her from Penzance."  The Cairn was a rock lower in the water  than the Runnel stone and la}' about ioo  fathoms or so to the westward of it.  We all knew that it would be as easy to get  a boat to the moon as it would ��� beyond the  great pyramids of water that were rushing  past the cove below us, even if there was a  boat in all Porthgwarra that could live in such  a sea. There was no wa}^ to get word to the  lifeboat station in Penzance soon enough to do  aiw good, and there was no tug there powerful enough to haul the lifeboat into the teeth  of such a gale. It would take hours to do it  in any case, and we knew that this was but    a  question of minutes. Fishermen were now  corning up in groups behind us, unshapen  lumps rising every now and then out of the  black night rack. ������'��� The horrible situation of  the poor, helpless steamer so impressed us that  no word was spoken. There was no hope to  express, no advice or help to suggest. The  bright masthead light appeared quite high  above the red of her port light when we first  made her out,   but   now   it   had   sunk   lower,  showing that   she    had   listed   to  djrie  <4^  side.  Sometimes a little greenish glow would   shoot  up above the red light.      The list was over to  port, and the green  glow   was   her   starboard  light shinning on the foam   as   it   drove   over  her..,:    /;.  ,^_, ������      ���  ���: ���'- ...   ...     ,���;' :    :���  A streak of fire suddenty shot up into the  sky and burst in a shower of stars, the  steamer's cry of distress. A groan came  from the men behind me. Then up shot  another, and this rocket verged toward us, as  if appealing directly to our compassion. O  God ! We were so helpless in their distress !  Small yellow dots ran to and. fro, clustering  here and there in spots. They were getting  out the boats. What good ,would that do ?  Even if they could live in such a sea, where  could they land? Mill Bay was their best  chance, and they could not find it unless there  was a light there. Besides it was too far to  the nor'ard, and any light would be hid ,-.by.  some intervening cliff.  c " Run you, Dick and Jim, and   set' a   light  at the cove !,     It's their only chance !"  A dozen of the younger men made off, glad  to do anj^thing to lend aid, even if they knew  an3^thing they could do would be in vain.  There was a chance, if they could be guided  to the cove���yet only the barset chance.  Now the green light shown   quite   clear   or  was reflected on  the   foam   continually   fh-ing  over the steamer.      The masthead   light   was  nearl}r between   the   two.      She   was   on   her  beam's end and her deck must be  perpendicular.  ���   A little yellow light seemed to leave the  side, then another, and  then���-one   went   out.  From the  cliff  overlooking   Hella   rock,   the  windward guardian of the cove, came the light  of a lantern or two ; a little later a small wind  driven flame, and we knew the strong  youngsters had found tar barrels.      God direct those  boats !  Suddenly, while the lights of the steamer  seemed to lurch downward, the long line of a  breaking wave was first lit by the red light,  and then that disappeared, giving place to  the clear white light. It was reflected up  from foam against the sides of a noble steamer.  It seemed to run along from stem to stern, and  then it went out, and the darkness was deepened. For a few moments the greenish light  lingered, and that, too, was wiped out as the  others had been.  These little bobbing lights danced around  in the darkness. We watched them, knowing  they were crowded boats, and all th-it was  left of the steamer. They were evidently  driven seaward. The tide race runs strong  at the Runnel stone, and it was now full ebb.  we saw one light go out. We watched the  other two, which   were   quite  close   together.  M  $  *"�� "fll "W. ���.w- THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  As one would sponge a niark from off a slate1;  We saw .them disappear also. We waited  arid waited and at last trod our way across the  downs home. We heard the bell buoy tolling a knell. In three weeks another steamer  would be marked at Lloyds, "Sunk or missing."   '.'���      ������'���.���'/'. / -V'..- -'V  " God have mercy  on  their  souls !"    cried  Captain Jack. Amen I  MONTE CARLO SUICIDES.  4' I had always believed," said a man who  has just returned from his first trip aboard,  " that the   number   of   suicides   credited   to  c      ��� , - , , , ...  Monte Carlo every year was exaggerated for  sensation's sake, but I have been there recently  and lam inclined to believe the worst. I  am convinced from what I saw that because of  the precautions of-the authorities there and  the universal system of bribery which prevails only a small percentage of the suicides  due to the gaming table is made known. Just  let me tell you one that I saw myself.  "I was in Monte Carlo on Tuesday, Ivlarcb  22, when in broad daylight a well dressed  man walked out of the Casino, sat down on  the steps and with a revolver blew his brains  out. Such incidents were apparently too common to attract extroardinar3^ attention, and  the authorities of the place are always prepared for them. Almost before the smoke of  the revolver had cleared away a lot of attendants rushed out, and after covering the body  with sacking, which was kept on hand for the  purpose, removed it. All trace of the tragedy  was washed awa^v, and in less than five minutes there was nothing on the steps to excite  suspicion. I have no doubt that the authorities buried the body at their own expense and  that nothing further will be heard of the case.  " Very few of these Monte Carlo suicides  are identified. As a rule, they are either  broken down gamblers or men who have gone  there with the intention of recouping b}r a  single stroke or losing all and dying. Silence  in many cases is gained by granting to relatives a sum from the secret service money,  which is set aside every year from the vast  revenue of the Societe des Bains de Mer de  Monaco for the purpose of hushing up scandals. Too much publicy, you know, might  bring the hand of justice on this establishment    which   ruins   thousands   of   men   and  women.  > >  The   steamer    Cottage     City,    which   has  reached Victoria  from  the  north,   is   said   to  have   brought   down   miners   who   had with  them a   million   dollars   in   gold  and drafts.  This is the second steamer to arrive this season  with gold laden miners, the  Vancouver vessel  New England having brought down  the  first  contingent from St. Michaels last week.    The  wealth brought down by  the  Cottage  City is  divided   among   some   thirty    claim   owners,  while  twenty others  with  their fortunes  are  now at the gateway cities.      The new arrivals  confirm the  average estimates  of this  year's  output in the north, placing the total at  from  seventeen to twenty-five million dollars.  LARRY'S LETTER.  Hogan's Alley, July i8.  Dber Tim���All the wars is"��� nearly over  -���political as well as Spanish, an' there's  some hopes now ov heering some news from  our frends in the Klondyke. " On old '49er  frend ov me own writes :  I haven't heard from Klondyke  Since the war wid Spain begun,  For the papers haven't said a word   ���  'Bout what the boys have done,���  An'I take a weekly paper too  An'read it every week  In hopes to heer from Tom and Bill  On Eldorado creek.  Yes, I pick the paper up, be gosh,  An' lay it down agin���  Ther aint no newsirom Klondyke  Since the war began wid Spain.  Ov course I like to read ov war  An'blood an'shot an'  shell,,; g  But I'd like to heer from Klondyke  That the boys were doing well.  But the way the papers treat us  Sorto goes agin the grain���  Tlier aint no news from Klondyke  Since the war began wid Spain.    '���  An'now that spring is over  An'it's summer, so to speak,  The boys they must be sluicing ,  Upon Eldorado creek;  Hut the papers only tell us  Ov the cruisers on the main���       <7-  Don't say a word of Klondyke  Since the war began wid Spain.   '.'...  Ov course I'm kinder anxious       ,  That Cuba shall be free,  Bit the fightings too one-sided  For a veteran like me,  An'I'd like to have the papers.  Wid head lines bold an'plain,  Tell the latest news from Klondyke���'  An' never mention Spain !  Just as me frend sent me the verses meself  got a letter from poor Con Casey telling all  about the Klondyke an' axing if it was a fact  that there was a war betuue America an'  Spain. Con says that if there is he'd bet a  barrel ov beans to a snow ball that there's  more men kilt in the Klondyke in the foight  for goold than there'll be in the battlefield.  Faix I think he's roight, Tim. Con says that  whoile there may be grate fun in spending  money, there's no fun in making it in the  Klondyke. " I'm putting a few facts in  ryme for ye, Larry," says Con, says he in his  letter, " the way you'll be able to remimber  them."  Our nights are now but four brief hours,  Our days they number twenty.  An' when a fellow hires out  Ov work he gets full plenty;  We dig an' delve an' wash the dirt  (Not off our hands an' faces)  Sometimes getting lots ov goold  But most times only traces.  Mosquittoes buzz around our ears,  The music isn't charming,  An' carry off our flesh an' blood  In mouthfulls that's alarming;  Their trunks '11 pierce the toughest hide,  But they prefer the tender,  An' since they are in millions here  We've nought but to surrender  Con goes on to sing ov the misquittoes for a  whoile, an' winds up wid these verses :  We rise in the morn bright an' early,  For breakfast we have bread and tay  (Not ov the soort that our mothers made)  Wid two dollars an' fifty to pay,  Take an egg an' it mains yet a dollar,  Shelled chicken tho' sure it will be.  Hot cake or a saucer ov porrige  Adds two dollars more to the fee.  If a beefstake ye happen to order  A fiver you'll have to pop down,  There's no use whatever in growling,  Tis as cheap as you'll get it in town.  Pork an' beans !    Well ye think they'd be plenty,  But they're not to be had widout cash,  An' three "dollars; a plate for that mystery  i,  ������'���'��� '���'��� That's generally known as a " hash."  , Clain linen, we're towld, it is wholesome, >  But there's none ov us here for our health,  Tis the goold that we're all ov us after,'  Tho' goold, after all, isn't wealth !  Not the whole ov the nuggets in Klondyke -  r Can here buy the joys ov sweet home;. ,  ' An' to all the unfortunates coming -     ;     '  Me advice is to laive it alone. c -  Con tells me,; Tim, that hundreds ov poor  chaps is dying there every day ovcowld, hunger an' other Klondyke diseases, ah' says that  the rush out ov the country this winter 'ill be  bigger than the rush in this saison, an' that  whin the shiploads ov dead-broke men get out  there' 11 be bread riots wherever they land .He  tells me that he came across a poor Chap lying  dead in the show, an'that sarching his pockets  for a letter or something that 'd show who he  was, he found a durty piece ov paper wid these  lines writ on it :  Had I laid up my treasures in heaven,  Sought wealth from above, not below.  These riches to me would be given,  But here am I dying in the snow!  On earth did Hay up my treasure,  For gold have I bartered my soul,  Vain hope that'twould bring to me pleasure  And fame audgreat^deeds to extol.  Oh, gold!���cursed gold! now 1 know thee,  A mocker, deluder���a snare,  With my last fleeting breath would I show thee  A harbinger only of care.  If God, in His mercy, would spare me,���  But no : it is mercy to call ;  Cold Death in thy arms but bear me  'A wav "from this torture, from all.  But there Tim���enough ov the  Klondyke.  It's too cowld a subject. "    *  We had a hot toime  here the other noight.  There was a selebration got up on the 12th ov  July���Billy ov the Boynes day, an'   from  that  to this   cis   a   puzzle   to   a  lot ov the boys to  know whether they  wor  selebrating  the   victory ov King Billy over the other chap or the  victory ov Hume over Far well in the   political  foight.       The   brass    bands   turned   out,  an'  torches was loighted, an'   brooms  was   swung  round to show the  "sweeping"   part  ov  the  victory, but as there was a couple ov  Orangemen in the carriage that heded the procession,  a lot ov us come to the conclusion  that it was  the 12th they wor selebrating.     Mickey Burns  was in grate shape, an' a few ov the boys goes  up to Mickey, an'   says they   to   Mickey says  they, " Mickey, if it was   in  owld   Ireland  ye  wor today,   tis  yerself that wouldn't be   sele-  bratino-."        "Hurrah      for      Hume,"     says  Mickey,   "an' the  Prince ov Orange," shouts  another chap.      An' there was grate cheering  on  both  soides.       "To   the   dickens wid the  Prince ov Orange." says Mickey,   " tis meself  what wouldn't drink to his helth."   " Hurrah  for Billy," says a husky voice,   an'   wid   that  the band struck up an' there was loud waving  07 hats an' handkerchiefs.     Thin our mimber  elect began to spake, but sorra  word  he   had  to say at   all   at   all   about   the  Battle ov the  Boyne that   the   boys   gothered   to   selebrate.  Now they're saying Tim, that it  was  a  main  trick for the Humeites to fit  in  their  selebration wid the 12th ov July racket,  just  for  the  sake   ov   drawing    the   crowd.       When    the  Orangemen    discovered   the    trick    that   was  played upon thim they got rale mad,   an' evir  since then there's an order ov lodge that when  a  member   goes   to selebrate  he    must   bring  what they calls his " regalia " wid him.  Tarry Finn.  Wft^���: THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  THE CITY COUNCIL,  ?! M ii"  j i-.i.  'if/I  i.   .!  r  'I'  I.  r'iS:  II  lil,  :;v*'  f"-l  1:1  s '��� 1  : r I  The weekly meeting of the city council was  held on Monday afternoon, the mayor presiding. Aldermen Teetzel, Gilker, Malone,  Madden and Hillyer were also present.  Aid. Teetzel, on behalf of the Finance Committee, reported against, the purchase by the  city of the stand erected on the recreation  grounds for Dominion Day.0 The structure  was not on the recreation grounds proper, and  was not a desirable one.  A letter was read from  the C. P. R.   offices  at Winnipeg, stating that  when  the  cemetery  site was selected the impression   in   the   office  v was that it was further up Cottonwood Creek.  The price named, $20 per acre would be under  the value of the site.  The mayor said that he had been speaking  to Mr. Fletcher on the point, and that gentleman undertook to communicate with the board  on the subject. '  Mr. Fletcher, of the C. P. R. land office, appeared before the board and explained that  the site selected by the city could be had at  $30 per acre.  Aid. Teetzel said that in his conference with  Mr. Hamilton he understood that the forty  acres selected could be had at $20 per acre.  Mr. Fletcher remarked that Vice-President  Shaughness3^, during his recent visit, thought  that the land was worth $40 or $50 per acre;  but they managed to get it down to $30.  The mayor suggested a compromise���$25  per acre.  Aid'. Teetzel-���I think we should accept the  offer and at once. > Next week they may be  asking $40. He moved that the offer be accepted.  Aid. Hillyer seconded the motion and it was  decided to get the deed of the lands at once,  and proceed with the clearing.  A letter was read from Mr. Peters stating  that he was not aware until the fact Was  pointed out to him, that any portion of his  buildings encroached on Carbonate street. .He  was making arrangements for their   removal.  A letter was read from the deputy attorney  general acknowledging receipt of communication from the city clerk re. powder magazine,  and stating that the matter would receive attention.  Aid. Madden :  That settles it.  The proprietress of the Queen's Hotel wrote  complaining of the smoke from an adjacent  bakery, and asking that the nuisance be  abated.  Aid. Malone thought that bakeries should  be obliged to have smoke stacks.  The mayor said that a similar nuisance existed in the neighborhood of DesBrisay's bakehouse.  Referred to fire wardens.  It was decided to order pipe for sewerage  extension.  On motion of Aid. Teetzel it was decided to  issue a draft in favor of the bank for $12.50,  interest on debentures.  A discussion took place as to the entertainment of the Earl and Countess of Aberdeen.  Aid. Teetzel would like to have an estimate  as to probable cost.  The. Ma3^or thought that the music and  decorations would not cost more than $120.  The whole thing he did not think would cost  byer $500..,.. -��� "���������"'���'.. ;,.���_���'   . . .'-.."  It was asked  as   to   what   the   cost   of music  would be. v  r Mayor : Three dollars per day for each rnan  and $5 for leader. The3^ will go down and  meet the Governor-General and Mrs. Governor-General. The ladies, I understand, are  giving Mrs. Aberdeen a blow-out, and we'll  have to pay for that.  It was ultimately decided that as their excellencies are to be the guests of the city, the city  defray the expenses.  A number of accounts having been passed,  the council adjourned. ;.  AUSTRALIAN    FEDERATION  The referendum vote on  Australian   federation has resulted thus far in  the   adoption   of  the constitution by three out of four   colonies  that   have   voted.       Victoria,   Tasmania    and  South Australia ratify the scheme ; New South  Wales, though giving a majority in  its favor,  failed in the number of votes required  by   the  conditions of the referendum.     The vote stood  over    70,000    for,    and 65,000   against ;   but  80,000 was the limit to be reached.      Western  Australia does not vote until  about the beginning of the year, and Queensland   has   not as  yet made any provision for applying the refer-,  endum. ,    The adoption of the constitution  by  any three of the colonies insures the establishment of federation so far as the three  are concerned.     With New South Wales left out, the  start will be somewhat  discouraging ;   but,  as  far as that colony is concerned, the  issue   will  be   simplified   by   the   knowledge   that only  10,000 votes will need to be won   over.       Mr.  Reidr and  some   factious   labor    leaders    are  believed to be responsible for the adverse stand  temporarily taken by New South 'Wales.     On  the whole, results are encouraging.     The federation of that continent is  bound to  come  in  the near future.     It is instructive to recall the  parallels between the centralizing and sectional  forces at work in our  own  constitution-building of over a century ago,   and   those   which  are now noticeable in Australia.      The conditions precedent were of course different, as our  own confederation came  into existence under  the stress of war independence, while the calm  of unforced-development   has  been the   lot   of  Australia.      But as it took a long time for the  framers of our constitution   to   agree   upon  a  s}-stem, and as the difficulty of its  ratification  by the states was even greater, so in Australia  there has been   a   similar   experience.       The  local and parochial spirit has  antagonized the  feeling for nationalism ; the paltry acts  of the  demagogue have been set against the constructive statesman.      For 12  years discussion was  carried on  before   a   constitution   was   agreed  upon, and there are yet  three  colonies   which  have   to be educated  to   its   acceptance,   not  counting New Zealand,   which  has  refused to  join the rest.     It has been a slow process,  but  the   forces   which make   for   its   success are  natural and inevitable.  DISTINGUISHED    VISITORS.  At half past ten o'clock tonight the Earl  and Countess of Aberdeen are expected to  arrive in Nelson and will be met at the railway depot and escorted to the Phair Hotel by  the reception committee and brass band. The  party consists of the Governor General and  Lady Aberdeen, Capt. Thorpe, A.D.C.; Mrs.  Boomer, Miss MacLeod, chief superintendent  of the Victorian Order of Nurses ; Mr. Charles  Moss, artist to His Excelleucy, and Mr. William Campbell,  secretary.  During their brief stay, the party will be  the guests of the city. The programme for  tomorrow is as follows :  10 a.m.��� Present-.tion of an address to Lord  Aberdeen from the citizens of Nelson at the  Phair hotel.  10:30 a.m.���The ladies of the city: will hold  a reception at the Presbyterian church and  present an address to Lady Aberdeen, who  will afterwards visit the Kootenay Lake General Hospital. '������".-  11 a.m.���Lord Aberdeen will be taken to  inspect the smelter biid the public buildings of  the city".  1 p.m.���-Parade of the Nelson   fire   brigade.  2 p.m.���Public   luncheon    at     the    Hume  hotel.  6 p.m.���Their Excellencies will be escorted  from the Phair hotel to the C.P.R. depot.  The map of James Cook, 1778, was the first  to bear the name Alaska���a curruption of the  Indian Al-ak shack, or endless land. The  United States began to treat with Russia for  the acquisition of Alaska under Presidents  Polk (1845-9) and Buchanan (1857-61) and  the matter was opened again in 1866 by Seward, who was then secretary of state, and  who closed the transaction on March 31,. 1867,  Russia ceding all claim to Alaska for the consideration of $7,200,000.  As will be seen by advestisement  in another  column, tenders are invited for the erection  of  a courthouse at Rossland, and for additions to  the courthouse at Nelson.     The improvements  to our local buildings include a two storey addition 30x68.     On the ground floor will be the  county courtroom 19x29,   land registry office,  gold commissioner's private office 12x24.   and  county court judge's room, 12x15.       Upstairs  will   be   the   law  library,     18x19 ; barristers'  room,  11x16; judge's chambers, 12x16; grand  jury   room,    14-6x19 ;   judge's   private room,  14-6x19.       An artistic balcony surrounds  the  buildinsr, and in the basement is a roomv vault  with provision for further   extensions.       The  arrangement of the present courthouse will be  much improved, giving ample accommodation  in every department.     On the whole, the work  when completed, will be satisfactory to all and  a credit to the architect.  Mr. A. E. Hodgins.  The miners of the Rossland camp held their  annual picnic on Saturdays and although the  weather was not favorable an enjo3^able time  was spent. In the drilling contest, Burns and  McNeill carried off the prize driving 40^2  inches in fifteen minutes. Saunders and Ross  registered 36 13-16 inches in the same time.  **��*-  i  &T7t*n^^^^ ta or; >^;v>?^Z^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST  LOCAL NEWS.  \  Mr. George Johnstone has been re-elecced a  school trustee for Nelson.  A. B. Gray, jr., of Nelson, has been called  to the bar of British Columbia.  Work on anew steel steamer at Nokusp, to  be added to the Arrow Lake fleet,, has commenced. :  On Sundays morning last the household of  Dr. LaBaii was made happier by the arrival of  a little daughter.  The citizens of Nelson are called upon to  decorate for tomorrow in honor of the visit of  their excellencies the Earl and Countess of  Aberdeen.  Frank Robert Catford Beer, of Robson, is  gazetted as a justice of the peace within and  for the 'County- of Kootenay.  It is rumored in town that W. A. Jowett  will be knighted as a result of the visit of the  Earl and Countess of Aberdeen to'Nelson.  The Genelle Lumber Co. has secured a con-  tract to supply7"14,000,000 feet of lumber for  the construction of. the Robson-Penticton  branch of the C. P.R.  Hugh Thomas, a miner, while working in  tie main shaft on the Snowshoe claim, near  Grand Forks, was instant^ killed a couple of  days ago by the bucket falling and striking  him on the head.  The members of Court Kootenay^, I.O.F. attended service at the Presbyterian   Church on  Sunday last.     The pastor,   Rev. Robt.   Frew,  occupied the pulpit and preached an appropri-  . ate sermon.  A. H. Clements has resigned the position of  secretarys-treasurer of the Kootenay7 Lake General Hospital, and Judge Forin and Police Magistrate Crease have been appointed to the  offices respectively^.  C. C. Bennett, secretary of the Fern Gold  Mining Co., who has been visiting the property, returned to Vancouver yesterday satisfied with the outlook. He reports that the  company intend declaring another- dividend  next month. .      '  The Nelson Bar Association are asking the  government to grant a court vacation during  the months of August and September for the  Kootenays. The Rossland barristers are backing up the application, which is very general  throughout this section.  Among the companies to whom licenses  have been granted to operate in this province  is the Selkirk Mother Lode Copper Mines,  limited ; capital ,��125,000 in ,��1 shares. The  head offices are in London, Eug., and Mr. H.  C. Thomson is the local' representative.  The contract for the widening of the Columbia & Western railway-, between Rossland and  Trail, to standard gauge, has been let to Winters, Parsons & Boomer, and work will commence at once. The contractors are the same  firm who constructed the Trail-Robson branch  last yrear and have since been engaged on the  Crows Nest Pass line. Three hundred men  will be put to work at once, and it is expected  the job will be completed early in October.  W. H. Aldridge, superintendent of the Trail  smelter, is in town.  Our Ymir correspondence is reluctantly held  over this week.  W. E. Doane was admitted to Dr. LaBau's  hospital on Sunday, suffering from injuries'received by the kick of a horse. :;    :?i:_  All work has been resumed at the ;Pay7ne  mine and the tramways is now taxed , to its  fullest capacity. Three cars of ore will be the  daily shipment for some time.  The circumstances attending the death of  two navvies at Pincher Creek, last winter, employed on Crow's Nest Pass construction, are  being investigated. ^  A meeting of the ladies of the Hospital Aid  Societv was held in the Methodist Church on  Monday afternoon, at which arrangements  were made for the reception of Lady Aberdeen.  The Militia General Orders for Julys con tain  notice of the organization of the Vernon  Mounted Rifle's, and the Nelson, Rossland,  Karnloops, Kaslo, and Revelstode rifle com-,  ' panies.  It has been decided to issue ��;en*rel service  medals to those who took part in the Fenian  raids of 1866-70 and the Red River Rebellion  of 1870. There are a few entitled to these  medals in .this district.  The application of the Centre Star to be  relieved from the injunction secured by the  Iron Mask, restraining it from continuing its  winze on the disputed ledge in the latter's  grounds, will be heard on the 25th of the  ���month before Justice Walkem at Victoria.  The contract for clearing the right of way  from Bonnington to Rossland for the West  Kootenay^ Light & Power Company, has been  awarded to H. W. Simpson & Co.,   Nelson.  Miss Ward, who has for some months past  been engaged in the millinery establishment  of Miss Buckleys, left on Monday evening on a  visit to relatives in Victoria.  The Hudson's Bay Co. have decided to  erect a large brick building on Baker Street,  opposite the Bank of Montreal. The building  will be two stories high and amply, commodious for the business of the company in Nelson.  The grand stand erected at the recreation  grounds for Dominion Day celebrations, is  being removed. It was put up as a private  business speculation, and was no doubt a good  one. , The stand was offered to the city council at a fair figure, but the offer was declined,  the structure being unfortunately on an alleyways according to official  map.  General Manager Stout, of the Dominion  Express Co., and Superintendent Ford, were  in town during the week on their annual tour  of inspection. Accompanied byr A. Devitt, the  travelling auditor of the company, they left for  Rossland, having satisfied themselves as to the  sound standing of the local branch.  W. J. J. Morrison and Miss Katherine Bean  both of this city, were married in the Methodist Church last week by Rev. John" Robson,  in the presence of a number of friends. The  naPPy couple left in the evening for the Hol-  cyron Hot Springs on their honeymoon.  The cantata, " Under the Palms," was successfully^ given in the Presbyterian Church last  night.  Dr. and Mrs. H. E. Hall left Nelson yesterday^ for Innisfail, Alberta, where they will  make their home.  Carl Magusson and Clara Blorngren of the  Star Restaurant, were made man and wife on  Wednesdays by Rev. John Robson.  The laying of the water mains on Water  Street was completed yesterday. The work  was satisfactorily done by  day labor.  E. E. Phair of the Phair Hotel, has left to  take charge of the Halcyon Hot Springs Hotel  recently   purchased by   the British   American  Corporation.  The: grading plant of Contractor McLean  passed'.through'..'Nelson yesterday en route to  the big tunnel at Brookly-n, where it will be  operated.  On Sundays last a little daughter was   added  "to"the family of'A.-E. Storeys       There  was a  similar arrival at the residence of Thos Powell  on Thursdays  Much needed improvements are being made  on the Vernon Street bridge, which has been  closed, to traffic for a long time owing to its  dilapidated condition.  D. McLeod, purchasing agent for Mann,  Foley & Larsen, 'railway'- contractors, is in  town securing supplies.: He finds Nelson the  best place to-make his purchases.'  A number of cars of coke are at present at  Nakusp intended for the smelter at Trail. The  bie smelter will   blow   in   in   the   course   of a  CD  couple of weeks, and keep steadity at it.  The late proprietor of the   Rossland  Times,  R. W.- Northey, is in town.   He has been convinced that there is rnore moneys in the mining  than there is in the newspaper business, and it  is money Bro. Northeys is after.  The Kaslo City Council are at loggerheads  over the awarding of a contract for the erection  of the new civic buildings. It is a case of  " the lowest or airy tender not necessarily accepted."  Gordon, the Orninecr> prospector, arrested in  connection with the myssterious disappearance  of his partner Jones, has been tried and found  guilty of stealing the missing man's clothes,  and sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment.  Being overstocked with sponges we  are offering them at greatlyr  HO  Theys are of the finest quality and  are a bargain at the prices asked.  Call and see them at  Vanstones  Opposite Queen's Hotel  nrnrrT  ���i-si" r"w,m-vgvB  "TT"  t a^|^��fj^Li!iii53# "iliiVA!  WJaSM'tJfe" 'MM WW  vmm  T*   r-r*" 8  THE NELSON  ECONOMIST.  ... 'i'.  t' P"  '.. h:  :m ���  im  IP  M  I'M?:.?*  ll'i.'f  IN  *!r  *:  ^i- i  ���!.i.'-H:  I'fi  m  I-.!?  WOMAN'S KINGDOM.  j should be the watch ward, the inspir-  :, '..,'       -���������-..���;��� j ation, the beginning and the end of  An old Frenchman, a notable I a child's duties. When this is  authority on dress, has given some ionce thoroughly inwrought into  sage advice to women which it \ the mind, subsequent teaching  would be well for some of them to i becomes easy and later lessons will  take to heart. First arid foremost! tose their most formidable feature,  he says that their faces should be j It is not altogether what we have to  younger than .' toilets. For a I learn that is to be dreaded, but the  woman to be charming she must ���undisciplined faculties which we  study her defects as carefully as bring to bear upon the understand-,  her ad vantages. If she ignores ing. A well trained child should  them, other people   will   remember j never know when   its, first   lessons  them. This knowing old Frenchman declares that the gospel of good  dressing is a fine art and not the  irn wor thy and frivolous -study, some  people think it. Are not women  more in evidence than pictures?  Should not ..-they,; then, be dressed  to delight the eye, as pictures are  painted for the sake -of beauty ?  If your mandolin has become  soiled and greasy through being  touched by', moist, fingers.,' take a  mixture of one teaspoon of vinegar  in four teaspoons of water and  lightly wash the parts effected.  Then rub drys and continue to rub  with a dry, clean cloth, which must  be entirely free'from-all.'' roughness.  After this polish with some good  funiture polish.  iu application \vere taught it. The  possibility ofacquiring knowledge  is nowhere better demonstrated  than in the proficiency of the children of some; of'the crown heads of  Europe. At the ages of io or 12  years they are able to speak several  languages with the utmost fluency,  are well grounded in all fundamental branches, read, write and speak  correctlyr and have a comprehensive  idea of verys many of the important  facts of life.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  ���.-'. BRANCHES AT  ROSSLAND  SANDON  TRAIL  THREE FORKS  NELSON KASLO  SLOCAN CITY        &  For washing domestic goods the  following treatmei t is bound to  give satisfaction.  Flannels.���Soak in cold borax  water. If very; soiled, make a  slight lather, souse up and down  and rinse well. Must never be  rubbed.  Red Table Damask.���Never use  hot water ; hang evenly ; snap  well ; never iron.  Corsets.���Remove steels in front  and sides : put corsets on board and  scrub with tipid lather of castle  soap. Rinse under faucet, pull  until strait and dryr in cool pl.^ce,  pulling when partly dry.  Silk Stockings.���Wash in lather  of castile soap, rinse very thoroughly in clear water, turn wrong  side out, wring dry in,, a cloth.  When nearly dry, stretch and rub  in hands to shape them. Do not  iron.    J*  Silk underwear.���Make lather of  white soap ; water hot, not scalding. Squeeze in hands, rinse  through two waters, shake' snap  and pull into shape. Pull into  shape when neaily dry. Do not  iron.  Bluing.���A good test for discovering the presence of the dangerous  prussiau blue is to dissolve a little  washing soda in water, add bluing  and heat over fire. Pour into a  glass. When cold, a brown  deposit of iron shows presence of  prussian blue.  According to Brudenell  Carter, a  leading oculist, nearly 60  per cent,  of the children attending the London   board   schools   do  not   see   as  acutely'���that is, as well and sharply���as they, ought to do.    This defective state of the  vision   is   often  noticeable   with ��� healthy-and  approximately  well formed eyes, and  he attributes the fault to town surroundings.        Very     few    persons  know what their children ought to  be capable of seeing, although they  will know verys well how faT a child i  of, says 16, would   be  able  to  walk j  or run and  what  weight   it   might I  be expected to carryr.    The eyses of  every child should be tested on entering    upon    school    life,    and    if  shown    to    be     subnormal   advice  should  at   once   be sought.       The  training   of   the eyses   was,   in  his  opinion,    quite    as    important    as  physical   drill,   to   which so   much  time was already^ devoted,   and he  would be inclined   to   place  excellence of vision among the  various  physical qualifications which were  habitually   tested   by   competition.  A seeing contest might at first seem  strange, but it could not  fail to  be  of benefit in diffusing a knowledge  of what sight ought   to   be, and it  would   bring   a   number   of   eyses  under   systematic   training,   to the  advantage of their  owners and to  posterity.  Gent's Furnishings  Are always in demand, when seasonable goods are offered at  reasonable   prices. We   always   carry   a fine selection of  j^ ATT^    in all the newest   shades   and   styles,    and by  the best makers, at prices which defy competition ; also Neckwear, embracing the very latest novelties. The place to secure  everything in the gent's furnishing line is at  EMORY & WALLEY'S  Baker Street,  Nelson.  Agents for Kennedy it Douglas, Merchant Tailors, Toronto, and  Tolton'& McKay, Fine Custom Shirt Makers, Hamilton  Queen Automatic  Ref r Igerato rs  Lightning Ice Cream  Freezers.       Pails   made  of best Virginia White  Cedar, with Klectric Welded wire hoops.  rita n  i I Stoves  "^^7^ will yrou roast over a hot cooking stove during  -J&- this warm weather when wre can supply you  with a coal oil stove which will save your temper as well as  your pocket ?    You can do anything with them.  Wre h-ive also a fine line of house furnishings on hand.  Set easy tasks for the little ones.  Do not make them too long, but  have it clearly understood that they  are never to be left until they are  completed. Even though the thing  in hand occupies but five minutes,  let nothing interrupt it. Completion   fessional cleaner  To clean the glass of pictures dip  a piece of chamois leather in alcohol, wring it nearly dry and wipe  the glass thoroughly, yset lightly.  Polish the glass with a piece of drys  chamois. Gilded frames may also  be cleaned with alchol. If oil  paintings need cleaning thoroughlys,  damp a soft cloth in warm water in  which some castile soap has been  dissolved. Dry the painting care-  fnlly and then varnish it lightlys  with some thin, clear, French  " retouching" varnish. It is well  to consult an artist with regard to  the best varnish and usually safer  to intrust this last business to a pro-  loors, Sashes a  HunmtuHuniHrai>b  MMMUimiBMMMt^MWHaW^ THE NELSON. ECONOMIST.  SPARE MOMENTS.  *  i (  Do you think that , Ted really  loves Miss Moneybags ? '' " It  must be so. He says he loves the  ground she walks on." " Most  probablys so, because she owns it."  Miss Chatter���" I knew you  would:be here today--to see sister."  Mr. Cuddler (interrog,)��� "Intuition?". Miss Chatter-���" No ; observation. You always appear on  the same day that Ethel refuses  onions at dinner." :  Mamma���"Playing Indian is so  rough. Why are you crying ?  Have they been scalping you  again..? "Spotted Panther (alias  Willie)���-No, mamma. We have  been smoking the pipe of peace."  "Pooh! "said the scoffer, as the  naval reserves marched past ���  -"These fellows won't fight. Look  '/it that officer there in front. Why,  he'd faint at the sight of blood."  "Don't ysou Tool yourself on that  score," replied the enthusiastic  citizen. "Blood and human suffering have rio terrors for that man.  He's a dentist and pulled a tooth  for' me once. " *"  First Tramp ���"Blest if I like dis  here secret ballot.   A man shouldn't  ; be ashamed to let it be known who  he   votes   for.''     Second   Tramp���  ...'*.:^.��;. ^e ��"^y t'^g 'dat ought to  be kep secret is de price he gets for  his vote.''  Rim���" Where are ysou going? "  Tire���" Gevv's dry goods company  to order a steak for dinner. And  you ? " Rim���" To the butcher s  to get mys bike repaired.''  Pretty Cashier���"You must give  me a holiday to recruit my health.  My beauty is beginning to fade."  Manager���" Why do you think  so ? " Pretty Cashier--" The men  are beginning to count their  change."  " I don't'see how Billy Tburrra  can make   any   moneys   out of th-d.  tobacconist's business of his.     Pie's  always smoking up his   best cigars  himself."     "Oh, that's his method  of   advertising. " c ��� How   so ? ''  '���' Puffing his goods."  " Yes," she sighed, " for many  years I've suffered from dysspepsia."  " And ysou don't take anything for  it?" her friend asked. "You  look healthy enough." "Oh,"  she replied, " it's my husband that  has it."  Mrs. Bheery���" Indeed<��� he doesn't.  He wanted'to join   one, but I just  packed  him   off to France, where  they^ don,'t have   anything   worse,  than dueling clubs:":  Pip���"What always strikes y'ou  about the proverb, "Beauty's only  skin deep ?.'' Nip���Don't know,  I'm sure, except that you generally  hear it quoted by a woman who  squints or a man with' a nose half  a foot long."  Mrs. Sweetface���-"Is your daughter happily married? " Mrs. Sour-  face���-,'(Indeed she is ! She's got  a husband who's as 'fraid as death  of her."  Waiter���''Mulligatawny, mum?''  Irish Visitor���" No ; O'Mulligan."  Captain Longbow ^(yarnin):���  " Well, and after that, you know,  I was severely wounded in the  Musuldoolah. " Fair Young Thing  ��� "How   very   dreadful. I-���er  hope ��� er ��� that's nowhere   very-  painful, is it���? "  Ned���" ITave you heard that infernal Snobleigh talk about his  family tree ? " Grace���'l Yes ; it's  grown to be quite a chestnut."  CERTIFICATE OF  IM    ROVEMENTS  "Clumbia"   and   "Snow    Water"    mineral  claims, situate in the Nelson Mining  Division j  of West Kootenay district. ' ' |  Where located :���On the head waters of  Rover Creek. !  Take, notice that 1, William John Goepel,  F.M.C. No. 88541 acting acting as agent for myself and A. J. Marks, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 1977 a, intend, sixty days from date 'hereof,  to apply to the-Mining* Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the above clai in.  And further take notu-e that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certifi"ate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of June 1S98.  W.J.  GOEI'EL.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  "Midas" mineral claim, situate in the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay district.  Where located :���On the headwater's of Hover  Creek.  Take notice that 1, William John Goepel.  F.M.C;. No. Sr>;>(.4 acting as assent for mvself,  ...ieo. Alexander F.M.C. No. 74000, and *M. y.  Davys, Free Miner's Certificate No. 98516, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining'Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 87, must be commenced before, the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st.day of June, 1S98.  W. J. Goepel.  He was an honest young man,  unused to the ways of society^, and  making a call on one of the most  stunning y-oung ladies of the city.  44 How I love beauty ! " she said.  " it seems to me I would give almost any other worldly possession  in exchange for beautyr." "Don't  mind if you're not handsome," he  replied. "It's much better to be  kind and good." Then he went  home wondering what had given  him a chill.  Mrs. Heartsore���"Yes; it just  keeps me on pins and needles to  think my dear boy belongs to a  football club. I'm so afraid something will happen.     Does yours?"  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  " Waffer" mineral'claim, situate in the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay district.  Where located : On east of North' Fork of  Salmon River, about twelve miles from Erie.  Take notice that 1, John A. Coryell, as agent  for The Lucky Boy Mining &'Development  Company, Limited Liability, Free Miner's Certificate No. 9S,016, intend sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a certificate of improYeinents, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And fvrther take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of June, 1898.  John A. Coryell, Agent.  Application for Liquor License.  Notice is hereby given that 80 days after the  first publication hereof we will a'pply to the  Stipendiary Magistrate of West Kootenay for a  license to sell spirituous and fermented'liquor  at retail in what will be known as the Alliance  hotel, situated in Brooklyn townsite.  Brooklvn, June L. P. Nelson  IS, 189S. J. Johnson.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry. agent or  G.  S.   BEER,  C.   P.  R. Agent,   Nelson.  WM.  STITT, Gen.   S. S. Agt.,   Winnipeg.  rocery  Take a Look  And see what yrou require in our line, and before purchasing elsewhere call and examine our stock and get prices  A full stock and great variety to select from. Our goods  are the very best to be had.    Teas and coffee a specialty  Goods Promptly Delivered to any part of the city.  ��  MERCHANT TAILOR.  High Class Suits Made in the  Latest Styles.  A Magnificent Line of Scotch Tweeds and Worsted,  ��md West of England Trouserings, Suitable for  Spring wear. A special feature of Fancy Worsted  Suitings   Baker St., Nelson, B, C.  We w  v v ^ lit  want to enlighten our  ittle world about us in  regard to Wall Paper Buying. We  want yrou to know that right here  cyou will find the Choicest, Cheapest  and Cheeriest patterns. Buyr nowhere till yrou have looked about  you enough to see what we are  showing. We don't want you to  buy from onlyr examining our stock  but we want yrou to see other stocks  and know the superi- /~^ ^.0  ority of    .     .       ."      .     v_J UiO.  k   Co.,   L  Corner Baker and Stanley Sts., Nelson.  THIS WEEK AT  aaBCSB^  FF  ER    CENT.  A  large  Dress Goods, Ladies' Capes and jackets,  assortment to choose from.  We carry a full line of Clothing, Gent's Furnishings, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes. Our prices on  these lines are right.  A..  FERLAND  Wagon work and Blacksniithing in all its Branches.  elson Blacksmith Co,  H. A.   PROSSER,   Manager.  Lake St.,  Opp. Court House.  NELSON,   B.   C IO  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  ���'.���'V-St  ���sVit.i:'.'  111.  m  ���A;,\l  b^:, y  :"i;;w  f.,  '':!r;v- (���  ipH:  ���?M .-ir-  i*!i ;  IIS  "���~ir,"rSf"  m  III  l$y%  'If; 13  fell--ft  Extra Provincial Companies,  ivicence authorising7 an  extra-provincial company to carry on  business;  I (  Companies' Act,   1897  ��>  Canada:  of British  Columbia.  Province  No. 96. '' ���-..������   (i ��  , This is to certify that " The Selkirk Mother-  Lode Copper Mines, Limited," is authorised  and licensed to carr% on business within the  :< Province of British Columbia, and to ea-ay out  or effect all or anv of the objects hereinafter  set forth to which the legislative authority of  the Legislature of British Columbia extends.  The head office of the .�� ompany is situate, at  20 Bucklersbury, in the City of London, England. * ������'";.  Tue amount of the capital of the company is  ��25.000, divided into 25,000 shares of ��1 each.  "  The head office of the Company in  this Province is situate at Nelson, and  Henry Brough-  ���'," ton: Thomson,   free   miner,  whose address is  '.   iNelson aforesaid, is the attorney  for the com-  ]janv.  '���'������- ��� .     .   ,  ���. ���...    Tiie objects for which the Company has been  established are:��� .-..'���  (a.) 'lo search or prospec.t for, excavate,  quarrr, dredge, win, purchase or otherwise  obtain mines, ores and substances of the earth  in British Columbia or in any other ps r. of the  world, and to extract, reduce, wash, crush,  "Miielt, manspulate and treat.the same, and by  any process or means whatsoever obtain gold,  silver aud other metals, minerals, precious  stones or other valuable substances therefrom  or prepare the same for market, and to carry  on the business of miners and workers and  winners of metals, minerals and precious  stones in all or any of its branches, and also to  carrv on any metallurgical operations:  <h) To p" -chase, lease or otherwise acquire  n:in ng, . i eral and ;i liber properties in Bri.-  isn Col um oia or elsewhere: ,-.���:.-.-.-��� ^--r >  (c.) To purchase, lease, licence, take in ex-  ch inge. or otherwise acquire in the. name of  t.ie Company, or in the name or names of ari\  other person or persons, or otherwise, any  mines, mining rights, claims, protected area?,  ores, minerals, tailings, concentrates, alluvial  deposit-, forests, water rights or grants, lands,  hereditaments, easements or premises in British Columbia or elsewhere, or any other property of any description of whatever tenure  the'Company may consider useful for any of  its objects or purposes, and to develop, work or  otherwise turn the same to account in any  manner the Company may deem expedient,  and, for any of the above purposes or otherwise, to exercise any of the hereinafter mei -  tioned powers and objects of the Compaiv,  which powers and objects may be exercise,  independently of the primary objects stated in  this clause:  (d.) To lease, settle, improve, colonize and  cultivate lands and hereditaments in British-  Columbia or elsewhere, and to develop the resources .thereof by building, planting; clearing, mining and otherwise dealing with the  same:  *'e.) To stock, breed and deal in all kinds of  cattle, sheep and other live stock, to grow ami  deal in all kinds of produce, and to buy, manufacture and sell all kinds of goods, chattels and  effects required by the Company or bv others:  (f.) To aid, encourage and promote immigration into the lands or property possessed or  controlled by the Company, aiid to r-olonize  the same, and to lend and grant any sums of  money for such purposes:  (g.)'To lay out towns or vUlageson any lands  acquired or controlled by \\i Company, or in  which the Company is iii any way interested,  and to construct, maintain and alter roads,  streets, hotels, houses, factories, shops and  stores, and to contribute to the cost thereof:  (h.) To purchase, hire, make, construct, or  otherwise acquire, provide and maintain, im-  1 r we, manage and work any rord;. t ���am-  wnys, railways, bridges, wells, reservoirs,  water-courses," water rights or grants, aqueducts, shafts, adits, tunnels, furnaces, crushing mills, hydraulic, chemical or reduction  works of anv kind, warehouses, workshops,  factories, dwelling houses or other buildings,  engines, plant, machinery, ships, boats, barges,  i 'nplements, sto"k, goodsand other works, conveniences and | r >perty of any description in  connection with, or for the use in. or for promoting any branch of the Company's business,  or for developing, utilizing or "turning to  account anv of the Company's property, and to  contribute to, subsidize or otherwise assist or  take'part in the maintenance, improvement,  management, working, control or superintendence of any such works and conveniences:  (i.) To purchase or otherwise acquire or  undertake all or any part of the business, property and liabilities of any other syndicate,  corporation, association, firm or person which  or who shall be carrying on or which, in the  case of a company or corporation, shall l.e  authorized to carry on any business which this  Company is authorized to carry on, or which  or who may be possessed of property suitable  for the purposes of this Company, and to make  and carry into effect arrangements for or with  respect to the union of interests, sharing profits  or co-operation of any other syndicates, corporations or persons:  (j.) To pay for any property or business in  shares (to be treated as either wholly or partlv  paid up), or debentures, or debenture stock of  the Company, or in money, or partly in shares  or debentures or debenture stock and partly in  money:  We have just  received ' a   large  shipment of  LADIES' CORSETS  In the latest,and best makes, ranging in sizes from 18 to 36 in children's and misses'.  WAISTS  Suitable for  children  from   two to:  eighteen years of age.  We will offer.-at reduced  prices ail our summer  Prints, Lawns, Organ--'  dies, riuslins, Black and  Colored Dress Goods,  Shirt Waists, etc.  licence, let on hire, exchange, mortgage, turn  to account or otherwise dispose of absolutely,  conditionally or for any limited interest, aiiy  of the properly, rights or privileges of. the  Company, or all or any of its undertakings, for  such consideration as the Company may think  tit,-and tote e.t jmyment therefor in "money  or in share , stock, debentures or obligations  of any other syndicate r'br corporation, either  by a fixed payment or payments, or conditional  ���upon or varying with gross earnings, profits or.'  other.contingency.  (1.) To amalgamate with, establish or .promote or concur in establishing or promoting  any other syndicate, corporation, association  or private undertaking, whose objects shall  include the acquisition and taking over of all  or any part of the property or rights of this  Company, or tie carrying out of ail or any of  the objects of t.iiS'Com p-any, or shall be i n any  manner calculated to enhance either directly  or indirectly tie interest of the Company or  otherwise, and to acquire and hold: shares,  ��tock or securities of, or guarantee the pay- |  nientof any securities issued by, or any other  obligations' of any such syndicate,corporation,  association or undertaking as aforesaid, and to  subsidize or otherwise assist any such syndicate, corporation, association-or undertakin ,  xnd to'guarantee or underwrite subscription*,  or to subscribe for the same or any part thereof,-or to employ oth.ers to underwrite or subscribe therefor':  (m.) To acquire by original sub-v ription or  otherwise, and to hold or sell or otherwise dispose of shares, stock, debentures or debenture  stock, or any interest in the revenues or profits  of any syndicate,, corporation, association,  partnership or person carrying on any business  capable of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to. benefit this Company or otherwise,  and upon any return of capital,~distri but/ion or  division of assets or profits to distribute such  stock, shares, debenturrs or debenture stock  among the members of this Company by way  or in lieu of ca h dividends, bonuses and" interest as the Company may in general meeting  determine:  (n.) To borrow and raise money upon loan or  otherwise for the purposes of the Company,  and to create and issue at par or at a premium  or discount bonds or debentures to bearer or  otherwise, or debenture stock, mortgages or  other instruments for securing the repayment  thereof, with or without charge upon the  undertaking of the Company orits uncalled  capital, or upon its income or . profits, and  upon such terms as to priority or otherwise as  the Company shall think fit,'and so that the  same may be e:ther permanent, or redeemable  with or without a bonus or premium and be  further secured by a trust deed or otherwise as  the Company thinks fit:  (o.') To procure the Company to be constituted or incorporated or registered in British  Columbia or elsewhere as may be found expedient, or to be otherwise recognised in any  part of British Columbia or in any country  whatsoever, and to do all acts and'things to  empower the Company to carry on its business  in any port of the world where it may desire  to carry on the same :  To apply to or enter  into   arrangements  (k.) "To sell, improve,  develop, lease,  (1 .  witu any Go^ eminent, Parliament, local or  foreign legislature or municipality for, or to  otherwise acquire or obtain any orders, licenses. Acts of Parliament, rights, grants, powers,  concessions and privileges that may seem, conducive to the Company's objects" or any of  them, and hoid and dispose of the same, or to  apply for an Act of Parliament or order for  winding up or dissolving the Company and reincorporating its members, or for effecting any  modification in the Company's constitution or  otherwise :  (q.) To advance or lend money to such per"  sons and on such terms as may seem expedient,  and in particular to persons having dealings  with the Company, and to guarantee the performance of contracts by persons haring dealings with the Company, and generally to undertake, transact and carry into effect" all such  commercial, financial, trading and other businesses or operations as may seem directly or  indirectly conducive to any of the Company's  objects:  (r.) To invest, lend  or otherwise deal  with  the moneys of the Company hot immediately  required upon such securities, or without any  security, and generally in su<di manner as  from time to time maybe determined, and to  apply the funds of the~<'ompany.-in paying the  legal'expenses incurred in or about the negotiating- for or obtaining contracts or orders for  the: Company:  (s.) To draw, make, accept, indorse, discount,  execute and issue promissory notes, bills of  exchange, bills of lading, warrants, bonds, debentures or other negotiable or transferable  instruments, including' proxy forms, to pay  the stamp duties thereon and all expenses connected therewith;  (t.) To distribute among the, members in  specie any property of the Company,'.or any  proceeds bf sale or disposal of any property or  rights of the Company, but so that no distribution amounting to a reduction of capital be  made except with the sanction for the time  being required by law:  (u.) To carry on any business, enterprise,  undertaking or transaction capable of being  conveniently carried on or undertaken in connection with the above-mentioned objects, or  that may be calculated directly or indirectly  to enhance tie value or render profitable any  of the busibesses or properties of the Company,  or to turn the same to account:  (v.) To pay all expenses of and incident to  the formation of the Company, and to remunerate and make donations (by cash or other  assets or by the allotment of fully or partly  paid shares or in any other manner) to any  person or persons for services rendered or to be  rendered in introducing any property or business to the Company, or in placing or assisting  to place any shares,"debentures or other securities of the Company, or for any other reason  which the Company may think proper:  (w.) To do all or any of the above things in  any part of the world, either as principal,  agent, trustee, contractor . or. otherwise, and  either alone or in conjunction with others, and  either in the name of. or by or through any  syndicate, corporation, firm or person, as trustee, agent, contractor or otherwise:  (x.) To execute and do generally all such  things as the Company may at any time consider incidental or conducive to the carrying  out or attainment of the above objects or any  of them. ���  Given under my hand and seal of office at  Victoria,. Province of British Columbia, this  9th day of .July, one thousand eight hundred  and ninetv-eight.  ['.S.]    * S. V. WO0TTON  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  NOTICE   TO    CONTRACTORS.  Court House, l-los.sr.ANn.  Scaled tenders, properly endersed, will be  received by the Hon. the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works up to noon of Saturday,  the 30th instant, for the erection and completion of a Court House at Rossland, B. C.  Drawings, speei ficatidns and conditions of  tender and contract may be seen at the office of  the Mining Recorder, Rossland, E. C, and at  the office of the undersigned.  The lowest or any tender will net neeessarilv  be accepted.  W. S. GORE,  Deputy Commissioner of Lands & Works.  Lands and Works Department,  Victoria, B. C, 14th July, 1898.  I kinds of job printing  neatly and promptly executed at The  Economist.  F. G. Green, B.A.,C,E.  PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR.  Surveys   of   Lands,    Mineral    Claims,  Townsites,   Etc.  OFFICE:   Turner   Boeckh     Block,     Nelson  Optician and Watchmaker,  McKillop   Block,    Baker   street.  All work guaranteed.  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D.5.  DENTIST  Mara Block,  Raker Street, Nelson  Special attention given to crown and bridge  work and the painless extraction of teeth by*  local anesthetics.  Before.buying a  iano OR  Go to Painton's, the  i MUSiCCO., NEL  EASTMAN'S  CKC  $5.00.  ASK   TO  SEE   IT  olographic  Dry Plates, Solio, Printing  Frames.  Thomson Stationery Co.  Baker St. - Nelson.  aw^aiimwi��i����B^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  11  PERSONAL.  D. W.   Lang,   Revelstoke,   is in  I)wn.  JD; McLeod, Brooklyn, is in Nel-  laii, and reports the new town by  |he lake booming.  E. J. Eckstoriii, Wardner, is paying Nelson a visit.  M. Eewis and wife, Montreal, are  lit, he Phair.  %.J.ipt. Marpole, C. P.R., is here on  [a tour of inspection. ������.:���;..:/''.���..''.'"  ]\ W. Troojp and   J.   P.   Geddes  |are up from Vancouver.  E. M. Bird, Spokane, is in town.  E. Matthews, of the Pilot Bay  I smelter, vvas doing -bits in ess in'Nel-  !son yesterday. .;.-\r >      :. r...>      ^.-.,,y,  G. Q. Buchanan was down from.  Kaslo oh Monday.  Wm. Braden and wife, Pilot Ray,  are at the Phair.  J. B.MacEaren, Vancouver, is in  town.  John McKane, Rossland, was in  town 3resterday, and takes his defeat in the political contest good  humb*redly; anil philosophically^  .    Miss DesBrisay, who has been on  :Dii visit to her "brothers for the past  few  weeks,    has   returned   to   the  Coast.  The following is printed for the  benefit of the large number of commercial men at present visiting  Nelson, looking for orders :  New York, Nov. 7,1894.  Mr. Ernstein, Columbus, Ohio.  Dear Sir,���Ve hav received, your  letter. von   de   13th,   met  exbenze  . agount und round   list.      Vat    ve  vailt   is   orders.      Ve    haf   blent)  maps   in   New York   von   vich   tc  make up round lists, also big families to make exbenzes.      Mr.   Ernstein,    ve   mi   in    your   exbenze  agount   ��5 50  for   billiards,   blease  don't p.uy any more billiards for us  ���Vat ve vant is orders���also ve do  see $7.50 for a horse  and  buggy���  Vere is de horse,   and  vat did you  do mit de buggy ?  De rest von your  exbenze agount is   nix   but scblee-  bers���Vy is it you don't  ride  more  by day-times ?       .  Ve send you to-day by frade two  boxes zigars, one costed $1.40, de  oder 90 cents. You can schmoke  de $1.40 box, give de oders on  your gustomers. Ve did sended  you also samples of necktie vat  costed us $7.00 a gross, sell dem  for $7.25 a dozen;- if you can't get  $7.25 dake $2.25, vat ve vant is  orders. Dey is a noveldy as we  haf dem in stock two 3rears und  aint sold none.  My bruder Douie sa3\s you should  schtop in Hambuldon,' Ohio. His  ousin Max Blum lives dere. Eouie  >ays vat you should sell Blum a  good bill. Dry him on dose $7.25  neckties first. - Git good brices���he  is Louie's gousin. Sell him mostly  for gash. Tell him ve vant orders.  Also Louie says vat you can leave  Columbus at 11:40 in de night, und  git by Hambuldon at 3:35 in de  morning���Louie says do this, -und  you vont need  for schleebers,   you  1  'schpend too much for schleebers,  ve don't need schleebers���Vat ve  vant is orders.  Don't date any more bills ahead,  as de da3's are longer in - summer  than in winter. Louie says don't  show Max Blum, his gousin, any  of de good sellers. Und remember  Mr. Ernstein, vit us order 3rou do  business, oder 3*-ou don't do nothing  at all, vat ve vant is orders.  Yours -druly,  Pinksky & Co.  Keep de exbenzes down.    If you  would  lean on   the .staff of life,  use  Joy's bread.   H is pure and wholesome.  achine'GirL'  .WANTED���A girl to work serving machine.  Apply Theo Madson, Nelson Tent and Awning-  Co., Baker St.  IN THE COUNTY COURT OF KOOTESMAY  HOLDER AT NELSON.  ��� Koti'ce is hereby given that on the 28th day  of February 1898,'it was-ordered by :His- Honor  Judge PoriVi that James F. Armstrong,' Official  Administrator of* the County of Kootenay be  Administrator of all and singular the goods,  chattels and credit of James V. Rossie deceased  intestate.  Every person indebted to tiie said deceased,  ..is required to make payment forthwith to the  undersign ed.   :';''���   '"i ' '   \  Every person having in possession effects  belonging to thedeceased is required forthwith  to.hotifythe . undersigned..  "Every" creditor or other person having any  claim upbn or interest'in the distribution 0*1  the personal estate of the said deceased, is required within thirty days of this date, to send  by registered letter addressed to the under-  signed-, his name and address, and the full  particulars of his claim or interest, and a  statement of his account and the nature of the  security (if any) held by him. After the expiration of tho'said thirty days, the Administrator will ���������proceed-with the distribution of  the estate, ha ving,regard to those claims only  of which we shall have had notice.  Dated at Nelson, this 12th day of July, 189S.  ��� J. F.'Armstrong,  Official   Administrator.  &l  minion  ovincial  -   Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom 'Hd:use5NelsDn, B. 0  9  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelsou.  CLUB  HOTEL-  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  pc  RATES; $i per day and up.  Schooner Beer.  10  cents  E. J.   Curran, Proprietor.  Mrs. McLaughlin has greatty  reduced the prices on all children's  hats and sailors, also on trimmed  millinerv.  cLau  TO THE PUBLIC  Having purchased the interest of W. II. Graham,  iri the business known as " The Nelson Shoe Store/'  I beg to. i/hfairn the citizens of Nelson that I will  carry'theTangest and best selected stock of boots  arid shoes in this district.  Mail orders j5rbnvptl/y attended to.  S. NEELANDS  u  KELSON SHOE STORE."  r  Dealers in all kinds of Fresh and Salt Meats  o    e    e  holesaSe- and' Retail  ���Miners and contractors furnished at lowest prices  Wiail   orders  receive  prompt and   careful   attention  E. C. TRAVES, Manager  A .'BRITISH  COLUMBIA  PRODUCT.  Hungarian,  .aV  Strong Bakers, -  Economy,  Superfine,  Bran,  Shorts,  Chicken Feed,  Chop.  'I"*-  Is Company, It'd, Armstrong, B. C.  CO.,  AGENTS,   NELSON,   B.  C.  xanagan Hour  BEETOM  Give thisr Flour a.Trial before passing an opinion  <^g  Brokers and Manufacturers9 Agents. .  Agents for Manitoba Produce Cornpai^, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON, B. C.  P. O.  Box 498.  ���mi*  FOR  4>  i  o i ���  !  ^  GOOD BATH  SMOOTH   SHAVE  AND   HAIRCUT  AS   VOU   L1KK   IT,  GO  TO   THK  ater  Refreshing Summer Beverages.  ale,   Celery  Sarsapar-  iila and  iron.    Ginger  e��   ��LlCo��   &lxc  Two doors east of (.lie Post office.'  W. J. Morrison, Prop.  VICTORIA    VANCOUVER     NELSON  ^m^m^^s^m^m 12  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  ���    "I  ���  *, ���' ; i  i .  i ���  !  l' '��� li  m  I  vf     t  -!i  ft1  II  #^> ;  II:  .���li'liV  Liquors  "Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Groods  Boots and Shoes  ; Tents  .���  Cigarettes  Cement  Rugs  Curtains  Flour and Peed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster    '/"vv-;.,-':'���  Fire Clay  .'. Teas.  ,;v/. ' Etc.'  Victoria, B. C,    Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  KOOTENAY BRANCH  NELSON, B.C.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY  '*" SOO-PACIFIC  LINE  DIRECT and SUPERIOR SERVICE  ROUTE  To Eastern and European points. To Pacific  Coast, China, Japan, Australia and the rich  and active mining districts of  KLONDYKE   AND   THE   YUKON  TOURIST CARS  Models of comfort  From Revelstoke daily  CONNECTIONS:  To Rossland and main land points :^    ^  Daily Da,1>'  6:40 p.m.  leaves��� NELSON���arrives 10:H0 p.m.  Kootenav Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str.   K'okanee.  Except Sunday Except bunday  4 p. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  -Kootenay River Route, Str. Nelson: .  Mon  Wed  Fri Mon. Wed. Fri  7 a. m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives   8:30 p. m.  Slocan Citv, Slocan Lake points and Sarnlon  Except Sunday Except Sunday  9 a.m.   leaves ���NELSON ���arrives   2:20 p.m.  Ascertain  Present Reduced  Rates.  Full information from nearest local agent or  from GEO. S. BJKER, city agent, Nelson, B.C.  W. F. Anderson,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  E. J. Coyle,  Dlit. Pass. Agent,  Vancouver, B.C.  T. S. Gore.  H.  Burnet.  J. H. McGregor  E,  ET & CO.,  Provincial  and   Dominion  Land  Surveyors and Civil engineers.  Agents for Obtaining Crown   Grants and Abstract of Tf lie to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,  -  - -   British Columbia  AMD  Josephine Street  eating  Nelson.  CH ANSONNETTE   D'AMOUR.  As on the dusky brow of night  One solitary gem  Pales with its ravs each lesser light  In her broad diadei*,  So come thou forth, my soul's desire!  And thy bright eye of love  Shall shame the ineffectual fire  Of that fair orb above.  As the sweet moon, with modest gaze  Upon the limped stream,  Beholds within its liquid rays  Her own reflected beam,  So thou, my star, serene and"'fair!  Shalt view within this breast,  In brighter rays reflected there.  Thine image deep impressed.  To thee I now attune my lute,  My pleading voice I raise;  Surely thine own will not be mute,  My song to blame or praise.  The softly ] erfumed airs of night  Shall waft my vows to thet ,  Will they return, my heart's delight,  A sweet response to me ?  I do but ask a word of thee,  A whisper, or a sigh���  If it breathe not of love for me,  Then, hapless, I shall die.  The international cricket match  between Canada and the United  States takes place on Monday and  Tuesday, August 29 and 30. A  meeting of the Canadian Cricket  Association will be held in Toronto  the first week in August to select  the team to represent Canada.  Articles of agreement for a fight  between J. J. Corbett and "Kid"  McCoy, the match to take place at  Hawthorn Athletic club of Buffalo  on September 16, have been signed.  The purse is to be $20,000, the winner to take all.  A new German antiseptic, called  protargol, is a compound of silver  and protien. A 1 per cent solution  is reported to destroy the bacteria of  anthrax and enteric fever.  A French journal states that  among the recent uses that have  been discovered for acetylene gas is  a motor which has special advantages for use in automobile vehicles.  No parental care ever falls to the  lot of a single member of the insect  tribe. In general the eggs of an  insect are destined to be hatched  long after the parents are dead, so  that most insects are born orphans.  Goods  Hair Brushes, Tooth Brushes  and Cloth Brushes. Also good  value in Sponges.  9  DRUGS AND ASSAYERS'  SUPPLIES  NELSON, B.C.  ���^# ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������#������<*�����������������������<>  (Incorporated 1869.)  CAPITAL PAID UP, $s,500,000.00     -      RESERVE, $8,175,000,00.  Head Office,      =      Halifax, Nova Scotia.  Antigonish, N.S.  Bathurst, N.B.  Bridgewater, N.S.  Charlottetown, P.E.I.  Doreester, N.B.  Fredericton, N.B.  Guvsboro, N.S.  Halifax, N.S.  Kingston, N.B.  Londonderry, N.S.  Lunenburg, N.S.  Maitland, N.S.  Moncton, N.B.  Montreal, P.Q.  do       West End.  do       Westmount.  Nanaimo, B.C.  Nelson, B.C.  Newcastle, N.B.  Pictou, N.S.  Port Hawkesbury, N.S.  Rossland, B.C.  Sackville, N.B.  Shubenacadie, N.S.  Summerside, P.E.I.  Sydney, N.S.  St. Johns, Nfld.  Truro, N.S.  Vancouver, B. C.  Victoria, B.C.  Weymouth, N.S.  Woodstock, N.B.  A General  Banking Business Transacted.    Sterling Bills of Exchange  Bought and Sold.     Letters of Credit, Etc., Negotiated.  Accounts Received on the ffflost Favorable Terms.  Interest allowed on special  deposits and on Savings   Bank accounts.  BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA : ���  NANAIMO,   NELSON,  ROSSLAND, VANCOUVER,   VICTORIA. !  .A. A  A Savings Bank Department has been estab- f  lished in connection -with the Nelson branch & I  this bank.  I Deposits of one dollar and upwards received,. S  I and current rate of interest allowed (at present f  I 3 per cent per annum). f  ��� GEORGE tCYDD, Mgr. Nelson Branch.    ���  <*> - ^


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