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The Nelson Economist Jan 5, 1898

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 D. M. Caeley. .....   .Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  One Year to Canada and United States...... .....'.:....$2.00  If paid in advance...'......... -...  .1.50  One Year to Great Britain:..........';...................;.. 2.50  if paid in advance.....-..".  2 00.  Remit by Express, Money  Order,  Draft,  P.O.   Order,   or  Registered Letter.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  It is quite likely that 1898 will be known in  history as the year of the great Klondyke gold  fever.    The epidemic will reach its most virulent stage   before    the year progresses    very  far.       So  far  as    British   Columbia   is   concerned the question is not so   much   whether  the world's supply ofthe yellow metal will be  increased as whether the two leading cities of  the province will divert  the   outfitting   trade  from the American cities into its natural channels,   viz.    Victoria   and   Vancouver.       The  former city through   the well-directed efforts  ofthe secretary and president of its  Board  of  Trade, has been moving- heaven and  earth  to  secure the trade that by natural laws  of commerce she is justly entitled to, while  Vancouver merchants, although not centralizing their  efforts in the  one great object,   are   reaching  out for the outfitting trade���at least  a portion  of it.     As to the effect of all this on  the Kootenay, it is satisfactory to note that   the   men  most interested in the progress of this portion  of the province  view   the   coming   Klondyke  boom rather in the light of a means  to  salvation than as a calamity.      It  is  admitted that  many will leave here for the new  Bl Dorado,  but the majority of those leaving will be men  who would   have   taken their departure any  way, being the percentage who  always fail in  a mining country, or who  are so  deeply impregnated with  the   migratory tnstinct  as to  make    permanent   location    in    any   district  foreign to their nature.      That   hundreds will  leave, no one attempts to deny,  but that their  places will be taken by others is just   as   certain.      Therefore, it is not a subject for  comment that so little interest is taken here in the  Klondyke  excitement.       The  people   are  so  well satisfied with the prospects  of the   Koo-  tenays that they do not regard it as a matter of  personal interest that another great  geld field  has been thrown open to the w^orld. Even  the papers, particularly those publications  that "hold the destinies of the country in their  hands," instead of filling their columns with  Ogilvie reports, find much more diversion in  commenting upon the latest and most thrilling  attempt of that peerless political equestrian,  Mr. J. M. Kellie, to perform a double somersault while riding a fiery, untamed political  horse. In a country where peace and plenty  prevail, the people and press can afford to be  content and find time to commisserate the condition of the poor unfortunates, at Dawson  City who are threatened with a food famine.  Therefore, with the greitest mineral region  in the world, and a country just entering  upon an era of railroad building such as the  world has never witnessed before, it is not at  all surprising^ that so little interest is manifested in the Klondyke boom. The fact of  the discovery of a gold field more or less  matters little to people who can own a gold  mine of their own without moving a mile from  their firesides, and without being .deprived of  all the advantages of civilization.  The Economist has no   desire   to   detract  from the importance  of the Klondyke,  but it  cannot help remarking upon the exaggerated  stories of the wealth of that  far-famed   region  and the number who will visit   it   this   year.  The talk   about   the   hundreds  of thousands  who will go through to Dawson   City in 1898  is unreasonable and beyond the bounds of possibility.       An   exchange   in   writing   of  this  matter says that while the railway  companies  are talking of fully 200,000 people who are to  go into the Klondyke duriiig the coming \rear,  the question has* arisen as  to   whether   transportation could be secured for   such   a   great  number.      There will be no trouble about the  land travel, but the water  part  of  the   route  offers a more serious obstacle.     There is not a  large number of big boats available on Pacific  waters.     Supposing, however, it is possible to  start two  boats a day,  on   every day   of the  week (Sundays excepted) and that this can be  kept up for eight  consecutive months���from  the first day of March to the last day of October���and allowing an average of   200 passengers to all boats,   big  and little   alike,   there  would then have been   taken  all   told   84,000  people.      One does not need to  be  much of a  mathematician to  figure  out that   it  will   be  impossible to get one-tenth of the persons who  contemplate the trip to reach their destination.  Where will the overflow go ?  Perhaps  the   following   from   the   Empire  (London) will partly answer the question :  "It is probable that many who started to go   I  to the Klondyke   will   turn their   attention to  resources of  British Columbia,   where   many  think their labor and outlay will yield quicker  and better results.   It is estimated that at least  25,000 have outfitted at different points,  some  to go in via D}^ea and Skaguay, others by way  of  St.   .Michaels,   still more   b\7 the Ashcroft  route and a few by the Edmonton road.       At  the   very   lowest these   men must   have spent  $1000 each in outfits   and   packing,   and this  gives lis the stupendous  sum of $25,000,000,  : or several   times the actual   value   of the gold  brought out.    That amount of mone}' spent on  British Columbia's mines would have   yielded  $100,000,000 by this  time.       Having   such a  wide field to exploit, there is no doubtthatthe1  100,000 people who are expected   to rush into  these regions next   spring will find   plent3' of  room.  " As regards the British investor's prospects  it is confidently anticipated that a superb campaign will be inaugurated, by which those who  have beeu hard hit in South Africa, for instance, may recoup themselves without incurring any of those risks which have caused so  much trouble. Thus, there will be no need  to buy up any Yankee rubbish, the sweepings  of Wall street, from financial sharks and bogus  promoters, who regard the British investor as  their lawful pre3T. Sound concerns���supported  by responsible British financiers like Mr Whit-  aker Wright, Sir Charles Tupper, Sir William  Van Home and the Rothschilds���will offer the  investor many lucrative fields for investment.  These men, each working in their own sphere, .  offer, by their reputations and antecedents, the  best guarantee of good faith and financial caution. Those who follow them are not likely  to have any cause to regret their action."  The North East Kootenay Miners' Association have petitioned the  Hon.   Col.   Baker to  oppose any  amendment to   the   Mineral   Act  which would make it  incumbent  on   prospectors to do development work before recording  their claims.     The association hold that legislation in this direction would  be a  detriment  to   the   country,   especially   North-east Kootenai', and wTould have  a  strong-  ten den c}' to  check   prospecting,   and  thus  retard  mining  development.       There is,   no doubt, much in  this contention, but that the Mineral Act needs  amendent, so as to prevent a  few  prospectors  from tying up a whole section   of  country for  an   indefinite   period,   will    be    conceded,  we  believe, even by.the association.      How to get  over this difficulty without injuring  the vocation ofthe honest prospector, is a  point  upon  which    there    is    considerable    diversity    of  opinion,    even    among   good   practical   men.  While all admit that upon the prospector primarily   depends the   prosperity   of the   mining  industry, few will deny that he has not abused  his    privileges  in    very    many   instances   by  staking off a far greater number of claims than  he has any hope of disposing of or aii}r in ten-  MJJMJBHMBWIBUUMaWAUIUHB  BBBmmisraagHi^^ THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  tion of working.      By a partnership  arrangement    with    some     unprincipled    man,,     he  can prevent others  from  touching  these   pro-  >. p'erties; as long as he likes to hold on to them,  d og-in-the-manger   style,  as   the   claims    are  simply transferred from one man to the other  year after year.       In this way large tracts   of  ������"country    have bseii   practically   tied   tip'  for  years,  undoubtedly to   the   detriment   of- the"  community.       To   remedy   this   evil  several  valuable suggestions have been made.      Provincial   Meneralogist  Carlyle  favors  such an  amendment"to the Mineral Act as will render  it necessar}' for the locator of a claim  to do a  certain amount of work upon it before  he can  record the property.   This opinion is endorsed  by very many;- but it has its  opponents,  who,  we think, very fairly claim that   such   a   provision would   practically   do   away   with   the  professional prospector, to "whom the discovery  of some of the best properties in   the   country  are   due.      There are   men  who live   in   the  mountains aud make it a  business   to   exploit  for mineral deposits.      They do not  calculate  upon working them themselves,   but   hope to  sell  their   information  "to   others.       This   is  perfectly legitimate, and such  hard}'  pioneers  deserve every encouragement.      On the other  hand there are men-���-and as a rule the3' know  little or  nothing  about   minerals   or   mineral  i ldications-���who   band   themselves   together  and stake out  a  whole   mountain   side : they  wont work it themselves, nor will they allow  any body else to do so, but simply keep transferring the property one to the other   as   long  as there is an}' hope of selling   a   piece   of it.  This is the type of prospector that is objectionable.       Some   months   ago    we   suggested   a  remedy for this evil, which   we have   not yet  heard disputed.     It was this :    That an extra  charge, say of $i,   be made   for   recording a  claim.      If  the assessment work be'drily performed    within   the   prescribed   time,  (twelve  months) then another year's  grace  should be  allowed   for   further   operations,   but   should  nothing be done on the claim, the fact should  be reported at least  a fortnight before the expiration of the term, aud the extra dollar paid  for recording might be applied to  advertising  the fact that no work had been   done on   the  particular claim.   This would give any person  the right of re-locating  the  property,   but no  person should be allowed to do so twice. Thus  the combines now operating so detrimentally,  would    be   broken   up,   and   one   great point  achieved.  The act prohibiting the importation of sealskins into the United States and the killing of  seals in the waters ofthe North Pacific ocean,  has become law. The object of this piece of  legislation is now more apparent than ever.  Some time ago, when the proposal was made  to stop the taking of seals in the Behring Sea  for one season at least, the plea put forward on  the part of the United States was that they  were particularly anxious to allow the herds  to recuperate, arguing that at the present rate  of capture it will only be a matter of a few  years until the seal would disappear from the  waters.       The Canadians engaged in   what is  termed pelagic sealing altogether disagree  with this view, and held that the real danger  existed on the Pribyloff Islands, where: the  North American Commercial Co. cany on a  wholesale, and indescriminate slaughter. The  bill just approved -by.; the president prohibits  the importation of sealskins "raw, dressed,  dried or; manufactured," but it permits the  North American Commercial Co. to continue  operations���in other words, it secures for that  company.the'.monopoly of the sealskin trade  in the United States. If the truth were known  this wasreally the object in view'-from the  yerystart of the agitation. We all know how  monopolies are worked on the other side ofthe  line, and the big North American Commercial  Co. c?n put up as much money as many of  the other'monopolistic'gentry to irake things  "square '' with congressmen and senators.  In the meantime Britishers will catch seals  and dress the fur as of ycre, and turning out  a better article than their Yankee competitors  will secure better prices, if net in the United  States, then somewhere else.  The various public   departments  have been  very busy during the past'-few. weeks- making  up their annual returns, so that within a short  time we may expect to be furnished  with official information upon many points of  general  interest.      An Ottawa correspondent who has  had the   advantage of a glance   at the   figures  which go to make up the trade returns for the  past year, says the imports total $111,294,021  as   : gainst   $110,587,480   for   the   preceding  twelve months.       There is a decrease in duty  collected amounting to $327,040.       A   noticeable feature is that while Great Britain   takes  the bulk of Canadian   exports,   imports from  'the Old Country   have fallen eff  materially���  we exported $69,533,852,   but imported   from  the mother country   only $29,412,188,   a   decrease of $8,567,554 as compared with the previous year.     The exports to the United States  are set down at   $43,991,485,   as against $34-  460,428,   and the imports   "frcm that   quarter  total $61,649,041,   an increase   of $3,075,023  over the year before.       It   is   encouraging, to  note the steady increase in trade, but it will be  a disappointment to   many   to   learn  that although Great Britain is our best   customer we  do   not   appear to reciprocate   to   the   extent  which   might   be   expected.       Upon the total  imports of British   goods there   was   collected  duty amounting to $6,205,362, an average rate  of 21 per cent ; upon imports from  the United  States $8,147,075, or an average rate of but 13  per cent.      It will be interesting to watch  the  operations of the Dingley law as affecting   the  trade relations between  Canada   and   the  Old  Country.  It has been a standing rule in many of the  labor organizations of this country that politics are not permitted. The business of the  union or labor club is conducted as far as can  be without the introduction of party politics,  and if politics should 03- an}' chance be introduced some mistaken member is apt to protest. This exclusion of politics is now being  recognized as a mistake,   and the   wonder  is  that it was not discovered long ago. There is  no class of the community who are or ought  to be more deeply interested in the politics of  the "country than working men, and if they  .we're but a united party much good might be  accomplished. The advantages of free political discussion are enjoyed in the Old Country  labor unions, and the delegates from Great  Britain to the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor, were somewhat  surprised at the rule prevailing on this continent. ,   One of them is reported to have said :  "The policy'������ of::the. trades union in not  engaging in politics as. a body is stupid.  How :can they expect to obtain any  lasting reforms if they hold aloof by-:pursuing  their present method of ignoring the control  of political������ machinery, as a means of bettering  their condition. They are not'only, fatally,  inj uririg their chances, but are inviting the  scorn of politicians, the very class from whom  the}' expect to get better laws for the masses.  >.y  /The Vancouver World has issued a   special  Klondyke   edition   drawing   attention   to the  advantages of the Terminal City as a point for  outfitting.        The . V/orld   contains    a    vast  amount   of   carefully    prepared   information  regarding the newly-discovered gold fields.  If  the merchants of Vancouver should feel grateful to the World for undertaking  that   which  they themselves have been  a  little  backward  in doing, viz. demonstrating to the world the  advantages of the  Terminal City  as   an   outfitting   point,     the  World, by its enterprise,  will direct considerable attention   to   the   city  showing that a place that can  support such  a  newspaper must be a city of great commercial  importance.  So far as those outside of the charmed circle  are aware, nothing has }^et been done in the  way of placing municipal candidates in the  field. The elections take place on the 13th,  and it now7 looks as if the "horse-sense," of.  which the Tribune speaks, will prevail.  The attempt to ship United States goods into  the Klondyke free of duty under the pretence  that it is to relieve the starving miners, must  not be permitted. Yankee " smartness " must  be checkmated by Canadian shrewdness.  Although -we are yet in the first week of  the new year, visitors are coming into the city  in great numbers. Inquiries are being made  as to the mining properties, and it now looks  as if 1898 would mark an era of wonderful  progress and development in the Kootenay  mining industry.  On another page we give a condensed report  of the fifth ordinary meeting ofthe Hall Mines  Limited,   held   at   London,  on   December 15.  The wonderful showing made by that company  will do more than anything else to direct the  attention of capitalists to British Columbia as  a field for investment.  The Tribune and the Miner began the new  vear by printing a large amount of statistical  information and giving a review of the progress of Nelson for the year. Beth papers  were creditable productions and their enterprise should'prove of great advantage to this  city in particular aud the Kootenay in general. msmsmagmmMsa  THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  HALL  MINES,  LIMITED.  The fifth ordinary meeting of the Hall Mines  Limited,   was held on  December 15,   at Winchester House, Old Broad-street.  London,  Sir  Joseph W. Trutch, K.C.M.G.,   the chairman,  . presiding.    The secretary, Mr. A. E. Ashley,  having read the notice convening, the meeting,  the chairman,  in   moving the   adoption of the  directors'   report   and of the   statement of accounts and balance sheet on which it is based,  congratulated   the   shareholders,   oh   the very  satisfactory   result    of   the,  year's    working,  " which,'' to, use the words   of the chairman,  " enables us to declare a   dividend at the rate  of 10 per cent,   on the   year's   business up to  September 30, when our financial year closed,  and to further state that   this   dividend is not  only warranted by the balance of   income over  expenditure   shown   by   the   accounts at that  date, but'by the fact that we have brought forward a very material asset which does not appear in our accounts,  being   the   accrued   but  unpaid bonus from the Dominion   exchequer,  on ore smelted   at our works,   the amount of  which is not yet settled, but will, according to  our calculation,   be several thousand   dollars,  and   further by   the very   considerable profits  which   have accrued   from   our    mining and  smelting operations   since the close of our financial   year in /September,   1897,   and which  justify me in expressing   the confident   anticipation that we shall ere   long be   able to avail  ourselves of the authority vested in   us by our  articles of association to   declare   and pay you  iuterim dividends."  After referring at length  to  the  substantial  progress of the mining operations,   the   chairman said :   "In regard to this  new7  ore body,  I am glad to be placed in  a   position,   by the  receipt this morning of a cablegram from our  general manager, to inform you that our mine  superintendent reports that two diamond drill  cross-cuts   have entered this   ore body,   2   ft.  and 10 ft. respectively.     The cablegram reads  as follows :   'December  14���We   have   struck  new south ore body this morning on the No. 5  level in both the cross-cut No. 2 and cross-cut  No.   1.       Boring   by   diamond drill, cross-cut  No. 2 has entered only 2 ft.; an assay  of this  sample gave 9 oz. 10 dwt.   in   silver.      Crosscut No. 1���Diamond drill struck the lode 230  ft. from tunnel No.  5 ;  has entered   10  ft.   in  ore, first 9 ft. lying to  the   south-east,   19   oz.  10 dwt.;   1 ft. lying to the south-east,   250 oz.;  the distance is 300 ft. between  the  two crosscuts.      Davys,   by  the several borings made,  makes estimate of tonnage  and value   of  ore  reserves, new south ore body,   46,000  tons  of  2,000 lb., assaying 35 oz.   silver ;  copper   has  not   yet   been   determined.'       Our   smelting  works have been added to during last year by  the completion of (1) a second blast furnace of  greater capacity than the first, aud  which has  worked most satisfactorily, the cost of  smelting ore in it into matte being now only $3.50  a ton ; (2) a reverberatory furnace and calciner  for   the   reduction   of matte  to copper ;  (3) a  sturtevant mill with  elevators  and   overhead  bins ; (4) an electric  lighting  plant ;   and (5)  the necessary buildings housing these works.  Our two blast furnaces are capable of smelting  350 tons ol ore a day���considerably more than  the output of our mine.      Tlie   difficulty I referred to last year from the formation   of metallic   copper   in   the   blast   furnace  has  been  nearly   obviated   by   more    careful   smelting.  The reverberatory works have proved successful.     By this process 379 tons   of copper have  been produced,   the first   part   of which   was  shipped to England,  but   the   latter   to   New  York, as we found a better  market there   for  this   product.      We   are now  adding to this  refining plant a second reverberatory  furnace  and calciner, by which, we are advised by our  superintendent, greater economy in   the   production of copper bullion will be ensured.     In  the meantime, pending the completion of this  additional reducing plant, our   matte is beings  sent as before to American refineries.    Taking:  into account the charges and deductions made  by these refineries,   we  feel   assured   that   we  shall gain largely by refining  our own  matte  when our reducing works  are   completed and  in full operation, which we expect them to be  by   the  end of this   December.      As   regards  customs  ores,   our  expectations  have   sr'o   far  not been realized.       We are unable   to obtain  as yet from the   mines in our neighborhood a  sufficient supply of  copper ore of a character  suitable to   keep our small   furnace   at  work.  But we hope that with   the opening up of the  railway through   the Crow's   Nest   Pass   and  eastern Kootenay   the ore of that  district will  become available for us to treat.   In the meantime   lead   ores   are   available,    and,    having  erected an ore roaster for the purpose,   w e are  about to make a trial run of some   800 tons in  our smaller furnace.     Should this experiment  prove   successful and profitable,   we expect to  be able to keep   this furnace   at work on   this  class of ores.     It may be of interest to mention  that during   the year we   have   succeeded   in  securing a supply of mine timber and firewood  sufficient for the requirements of otir mine for  some considerable time, by the purchase of 120  acres of ti ruber land on either side of aud along  our tramway,   to which land the   sawmill has  been removed from the mine,   ancl the   timber  is now sawn there and carried   up to the mine  by the tramway.       We have also   taken steps  to acquire from   the   Provincial   Government  about 600 acres   of timber land   on the mountain above   >��� eison for the supply  of firewood  for our smelter, ancl we have purchased a limestone quarry on the   line of the   Crow's  Nest  Pass railway, from which,   when that railway  is completed to Nelscn, limestone   can be delivered at our smelter works at   reduced   cost."  Iu conclusion the chairman   said :    " When  I   |  last addressed you it was shown that   we had,   j  in the year ended September 30, 1896, realized  a    gross    profit    of ,��28,000   as  the result of  smelting about 21,000 tons of our ore.      This  last year we have realized ,��30,357 from about  42,000 tons of ore.       But I   would   point  out  that a   large portion   of  the  ore   smelted   in  1896 was taken   from the   dump,   the  cost of  mining which was not charged   in  that year's  accounts, and of which   a   large   portion   had  been sorted to  a   high   grade ;   whereas,   this  year, almost the whole of the  ore mined   has  been delivered to the smelter ; so that the  'average assay value of the 42,000 tons smelted  was much below that of the 21,000 tons  smelted in 1896.' Add to this the fact .that  the average price of silver for the past year  had been about 3d. an ounce less than it was  in 1896, the greatest fall having occurred j ust  when our shipments of matte and bullion  were heaviest, and you�� will readily see why  such different results were realized for the two  years working.".-.  Mr. Robert Day spokelof the growing popu-  larit}' of the Hall Mines enterprise with those  interested in the mining industry, and paid a  tribute to the care with which Mr. Croasdaile  guarded the shareholders' interests:  Mr. Charles Harvey, consulting engineer^  submitted his views with regard to the prospects and general working of,the mines, and  concluded by/ saying :'���������'-l ��� If we- may believe  the reports received from the other side���and  there is no better guarantee than the actual  returns to substantiate them���the mine has  never looked more promising nor the outlook  , brisrhter than it is to-day."  Mr. Robert Ward said : There is very little  o-roundfor me to traverse after the very clear  and exhaustive statement of the chairman and  the supplementary remarks of my colleague,  Mr. Day, together With those of Mr. Harvey,  the company's technical adviser. It has, of  course, been of distinct advantage to Mr. Day  and myself to have had the opportunity of personally inspecting your property in British  Columbia, and further, as a British Columbian  to witness with very much surprise and pleasure the enormous development that has taken  place in the Kootenay district during the last  three or four years. You have heard a great  deal about the smelter, and I can confirm all  that you have heard to-day with respect to it.  That work has been carried on with every  view7 to permanency, and I think we shall find  that our smelter will, perhaps, be the largest  dividend-earning factor in our business. (Hear,  hear).       The chairman has   referred incidentally to the Crow's Nest Pass Railway, and the  development   of the   country   through  which  that railway will pass will afford to us a great  many more facilities for obtaining suitable ores  for   customs   smelting.       The   chairman  also  mentioned incidentally in connection with this  same question that   the coal deposits  through  that enormous   district will   be   available   for  cheap coke, which  forms   such   an   important  item of expenditure  in   our   smelting   wrorks.  That in itself will be a distinct saving, and, I  may say,   a   profit   to   the   company.       With  regard to the mine, which I had the  pleasure  of inspecting with my colleague,   I   may   tell  you in confidence that my friend is   an   artist,  but he has not over-painted the picture he has  drawn ofthe mine and its surroundings.   You  ask. me   what   my   impressions   were   of that  property and the company's general business.  I can only say,   honestly,   that   they   were   of  the most favorable   character.      WTe have   in  our superintendent  not  only   a   capable   professional man,  but   a  man   whose   heart   and  soul are in   his  work.       I   have   known that  man personally for some   years,   but   I   have  been iDrought into closer touch with him since  my connection with this company,   and  I  am  satisfied that you have in your snperiutendert  a man capable of dealing most efficiently with  vour interests."  TT  wr*r ��� |y  ���ir^-f-vr  "TITJI ���!������������ r���_.  ��� w ���  A  "vT"*., ��   Sf-��V-> 7*   *-      'h-   - ��    /  -pr  } +4   W  ���*.*  \*  r-yu*  *w *���$**Jyty-iLr  *<*A"* THE NELSON ECONOMIST  A  QUESTION  OF IDENTITY.  "Run to their heads," I yelled, as the  buggy gave a wild lurch and capsized. I.was  struggling to regain control of a pair of plunging colts, on a very insecure foothold of glare  ice, left behind by a recent thaw. The Norwegian farm hand, who had rolled completely  over me when the team-made their swerving  jump, clashed for the bridals, and after a good  deal of coaxing managed to quiet the snorting  animals. The' rig was easily righted,; and  theii we began an investigation of,the strange  antics so suddenly indulged in by the greys.  " Yoost cum har, " called the Norseman, in  his peculiar accent. " Dar bay ban dead man  har."; :������'���'���'' "'���'   f :".:. -''- '    '   '���'::;     -    ������'.'.   /  I   ran   to   his   side  and   there   found,  half  buried in snow7, the body of a man.      That he  was an Englishman I saw at once, for he wore  the chords and gaiters, the blue Jersey .sweater  and the laced field boots, all distinctive marks  of the wintering Britisher  on  the   prairies .'of.  the Northwest.     It was growing dark rapidly  and the temperature was   some 60 degrees too  low7 for comfort.   We-brushed" the snow hastily  away from the corpse.   Coyotes   had-, gnawed  the flesh from the face ;  the hands,   too,   were  badly mutilated, and  the   clothing   torn   into  shreds.by the sharp teeth ofthe   prairie  scavenger.   A ghastly find,.-:,t searched the pockets .  of the cle?:d man tor some identity.   There was  very little to work on.  A match box engraved  with the initials,    " R.   M.";    io   Winchester  cartridges, 38 caliber ;  a   square-headed   briar  pipe; ancl a skin bag of long-cut tabacco. That  was all.  " What shall we do with him, Anderson ?"  I asked of the man, who had been stolidly  watching the investigation. The road over  which wre were driving was a short cut across  10 sections of wild land, a route seldom  traveled except by attaches of the Tabor cr  Robinson ranches. The weather had been  bad ancl it was quite likely that no one had  passed over it for three,days prior to our en- j  counter with the uncanny object which now j  lay at my feet. ���<?- j  - ' !  " Ay tank hay lev down by Bobaynson j  place," replied the man, who never could tell |  one1 Englishman'from-another, on account of !  the similarity of dress characteristic of the j  several hundred youngsters of that nationality, j  who had within the last coimle of years . o-oiie ;  in for the cattle business.  There was nothing for   it,   anyhow,   but   to   ;  take .this body with us.      It   would have been  finally disposed of by the wolves before morn-   :  ing.        After   futile  efforts to  dispose   of  the   ;  rigidly frozen   corpse   in   the   bottom   of   the   :  vehicle, we were at last compelled  to   take   it   j  across    our   knees,   ancl   in   that   manner  we  started again  on   a   seven-mile    drive   to   the  nearest ranch.     This was the- Robinson place,   ���  a sort of cattle farming college for the instruction of "English gentlemen\s sons,'' to  quote  the prospectus.     Robinson himself had been a  captain in the English army at one time.     He  had retired on half pay, ancl his cattle college  w7as a well devised plan for ekeing out a slen-   ;  der   income.      The students  were taxed from  $800 to $1,000 a year for tuition  and   board,  and they killed ponies enough in   the   course  of a year between the 30 of them, to knock all  the profit off their keep,, if the old captain had  not been shrewd enough to get  a considerable  amount of'work from the   unmanagabie crew7.  A queer fellow was Robinson, one of your ex-  |   military dandies, but withal a great disciplin-  I   arian,   and as daring a   rough   rider   as ever  j   straddled pigskin.     He used to pitch hayT, the  j   fellows said, with a single  eyeglass   stuck   in  his right optic, and a pair   of  patent   leather  dress-parade boots  on   his feet.       There   had  been several new- recruits at Robinson's lately,  and it seemed more than likely  that the dead  man was one of them. -  The night was terribly cold, but clear.  The  temperature there on the open  prairie was not  less than 15 below"zero, and w7e  were   almost  frozen--'when at last the lights of the big ranch  became   visible  over a hillock.       They   were  still a mile and a half away, but that was only  a step for the greys.    .Arriving.at the gate we  called   loudly,   and   Dalziell,   Robinson's   old  Scotch  herder,  came   down   to   see  what  the  shouting was about.     Explaining the circumstances under which the body  was found, we  asked if he could  identify  it.       He   held' his  stable    lantern   over   the   mangled   face,   and  started back with an exclamation:      Then  he ,  examined the clothing;.  He wasn't sure, he said, but it looked like  young Morgan, the last man out but two. He  had been absent from the ranch three days,  and it was supposed that he 'had gone to town.  Then Robinson himself put in an appearance,  followed by a lot of the " bull pups," as the  natives used to call the ex-captain's young-  men. I handed over the match box, with the  initials upon it, ancl this convinced the Robinson household. The body w7as that of the  new man, Reginald Morgan. There was no  doubt about it, ' the captain thought, and so  w7e were relieved of our gruesome burden.  The corpse was laid in a disused shed, where  it would remain frozen for the time being, ancl  a padlock secured all that was left of Reggie  Morgan from molestation.  So this- was young Morgan, eh ?   I knew of  his people  at home.      Morgan  senior   was   a  .wholesaler in woolens, ancl a  member   ofthe  school board for London.       Very   respectable  folks,   indeed,    were   the   Morgans.       I    had  known    Reggie,   too,   on   the other side, aud  knew that he had caused  his people   a   good  deal of trouble.      They sent him   to sea to try  the effect of that life in  taming him ;   but   he  was iguoiuiniotisly kicked ashore at  the   first  port for thrashing an officer.      Then they put  him aboard a peninsular and Oriental steamer  as  purser's clerk,   and   the   captain   left   him  kicking  his  heels on   the   bank   of the Suez  Canal.      He went home in a tramp sailer, got  into some new trouble on account of a fighting;  terrier of his and was as a last resort  shipped  out  to   Capt.   Robinson's   establishment.      It  seemed that the last attempt at   subduing this  untamable   youth   has been    completely   successful.    At the time of young Morgan's   death  in a  blizzard, I was on the point of  going   out of  the cattle business.  ',   I had  been  a, pupil  of  Tabor, ah Englishman owning  the neighboring "ranch"; to  Robinson's   for   over   a   year���  quite long enough to rub the romance off such  an occupation, for it amounts to   nothing  but  hard knocks aad hig-h art  blasphemy  for the  pupil .at; best.   .  Having   learned to swing  18  feet of leather so as to cut a patch of hair from  the rump   of a   steer   at long range,   and to  stick on the back of a crazy   broncho   in   his  craziest moments, I felt satisfied to  make way  for another victim.      Calling   at the Robinson  place before leaving the range,   I learned that  the remains of poor Morgan had been shipped  to his people in England, and one  of the men  who came from the same end   of London   had  a photograph  of   Reggie's   grave   in   Kensal  Green cemetery.    The grave was'an imposing  sort of affair, with no  end   of  marble   decoration.       There   was   a letter    from     Reggie's  mother, too, a tearful missive, asking for particulars, which no one was-able to give.  Two months later I found  myself in Rapid  Cityr    Rapid City was a distinctly progressive  town at that time.     Every other house was a  saloon and gambling resort and the population  was floating1;     Putting; ud at the best hotel in  the place, which was bad enough in  all  conscience, I explored the city by  daylight and  later started out to see it  by night,, when   all  the 'e/larinsf   lights   in  the   gambling;   saloons  were groins; aricl  the motlev   crowd   of  cattle-  men, cow7boys, ten der feet and   gamblers were  crowding about  the  tables.       The    principal  games   being   played   were   hazard,  chuck-a-  luck, roulette and faro.'     Entering the first of  these places I noticed at once  that   there was  some unusual excitement afoot.    Every one in  the large  room   was   congregated   about   the  hazard table.      An   Englishman was bucking  the game   and   having a phenomenal run   of  luck.   He had been doubling his bets as many  times as the limit would  allow,   and   playing  the high and low  until he  had about   all the  chips   on   the   table   before   him ; red,    blue,  white and yellow chips, stand  good  each or.e  for from $2 to $10.   He must have had several  thousand dollars in sight when   I  entered the  place.       There  is  something  about a winner  that    attracts   attention,   and,   sauntering up  behind the lucky player,   I   watched   his   system.     It was simple enough,   and  not  a   safe  or.e to follow to any length.      Still the young  man kept winning.     I stood right behind him  ancl had not as yet seen his face, when a  man  I supposed   to   be   an   English   ranch   owner  pushed me to one side, and, leaning  over the  excited holder of the checks,   advised   him  to  cash in and leave the game.  " You're a couple of thousand ahead," he  said, " and that's the most that ever was won  at hazard in this village." The young chap  turned round for an instant, ancl when I saw  his face I very near collapsed on the floor, for  it was Morgan.  I wanted to speak to him at once, but any  man resents being interrupted when he's winning, so I stood there-waiting for him to cash  in. There were a few things I didn't know  about    the    methods   of    Western    gamblers  ���WJI-'VIP.  |rjTVT��W��lV   HWMP1' ���'�� '.I."  t���W~. T-t*" W! ��31''.'.?'��'(.; Wf .'^l V Utfw .��� UI'W .-rf��HT7"��r-J fUkl.lT' VT*;",\{- V ���'. W <n"l��.   'jiMJj.   .in n-.l ".*L."fc��... I   7���-^WBiyBlgTIS^g'f'J VJfc<lt."VA.VnT.>.'.'3'i't''.''tti'.^'lP*,.t|t-JW,f,|tWJ��.-.lf J.i " Jr...Jl.J<l,."W��^l|iT    'iiH��IL'��HWlF^^hLi   ������������ .J...-T-. ..   i.i ......   il*ff THE NELSON ECONOMIST.  though.     Suddenly there was a dispute about  a.small bet at the other end ofthe board.    To  me it looked like a  genuine  quarrel enough,  . but then, I was pretty new7 at the time.  "I paid that bet once,"  declared  the  garn-  '   bier.  \    "You're a liar."  Revolvers flashed from half a dozen pockets  at once, it seemed to me.     It was bang ! bang !  bang !  and zip !  zip !  zip !   before  you  could  have raised your  hat.     Over went  the table-  out went the lights.   '   I  heard the  chips  rattling all over the carpet, amid the din of revolvers,  and the   shouting   and  cursing  of the  desperate crew, while noyv  and  then  a  bullet  would go through the stove drum close to me,  a warning that there was no  certainty of my  getting off scot free.    It was impossible to tell  friend or foe,  yet it   seemed that  every   one  was shooting at once, and high above it all  I  could hear  young  Morgan   calling  the  gang  thieves and blacklegs,   and clamoring for his  - 'money.  , Then a door opened and there,was a  stampede for the street.     In   less  than  half a  minute from that the room was empty except  for myself.     I -was lying face down onthe carpet, behind the stove and close up to the wall.  How I got there is more than I can remember.  ��� A negro entered and began lighting the lamps  which hadn't been ruined by the  fusilade,   as  cooly as though nothing had happened, and I  was much astonished to see that there were no  dead men around me.  Without further loss of time I   went out to  look for Morgan.    He was not at either of the  hotels, and it was very  soon  established  that  he was not in town.     Evidently   he had come  in with the man who had spoken   to   him at  the table, and was staying on  some  ranch in  the neighborhood.      I   had arranged to leave  the   town  next  morning,   and my   departure  would admit of no delay.     Not one of the men  who had been in  the game   on   the   previous  night was acquainted with the lucky   player.  He was   a   stranger,   they   said,   and 'no one  seemed to remember the   other man.      I did  the    best   thing   possible   to   acquaint   young  Morgan  with  his supposed   death,   writing a  letter and leaving it  at  the   post  office   to be  called for.      It was returned to me in Chicago  a month afterw7ards,   ancl I  have   never  seen  nor heard of Morgan   from  that  day   to   this.  A letter written to his mother,  informing  her  that the youngster was alive, brought  back a  sorrowful reply  from  that  lady,   who   s?id  I  must be mistaken,   as the  corpse  of  her   son  had been identified by a  birth   mark   on   the  arm.      A   letter   to Robinson asking whether  anyone else  had  been found missing   in   the  neighborhood since the discover}7 of the corpse  on the cross section road,  brought an   answer  in the negative,  and the  writer  insisted that  the body must have been that of Morgan.   My  eyes had deceived me in the  gambling saloon   ,  encounter, he said..  Despite these doubtings, it is a positive fact  that I saw Reggie Morgan than night. He is  at this moment on some ranch or other between the Missouri and San Antonio, and he  will turn up across the pond some day to kick  over that carefully tended monument in the  Kensal Green cemetery.  LARRY'S LETTER.  ��� ' Hogan's AijvEY, Jan. 3.  Dkkr TiM--If its not too late, I'll  be  after  wishing ye a happy New Year,; an' thegratest  blessing I can ax  to  be powered   upon  ye   is  that ye may be able to keep won half the good  resolutions ye made.     There are some peeple,  ye know7, that '11 keep  the Sabbath   day   an'  anything else they  can   lay   their   hands   on,  butt niver yet knew7 the chap that could keep  all his New Year resolutions.      Ye   remimber  Nick    Connolly    used   to   resolve   every new  year's morning that before that   day   twelvemonth he'd have owld Ireland free,   but be all  akounts he's been brakeing  his word,   to me  own sartin  knowledge,   for   over   thirty-foive  years:      Neddy   Braimigaii   used  to take the  pledge every new7 year's day,   but   he  used to  trait his resolution on the 17th   ov   Ireland so  often that ye wouldn't know7 wThere the pledge  come in, an' wonst he  broke   it twas   broke,  an' couldn't be mended agin till the ist'of the  next January.     Dooley's cousin used to sw7ear  off attinding   wakes   for  the year,   but if  he  .wasn't selebrating the death ov the   furst  man  or woman, male  or  femail,   for   miles   round  'twas' bekase   he   couldn't   get    there.      Judy  Brady used to take the pledge  aginst talking  bad ov the nabors, but I niver knew the toime  when ye couldn't get all  the  scandal   ov   the  place, an' more besoides,   from   her.      Meself,  I've got toired ov making  an' brakeing these  new year's resolutions,,an'  I'm   not  going to  make any ov thim this toime just  to. see how  I'll be able to keep them.     There's  just won  little rule that I've laid dow7n meself :  P/O   unto others as you'd be done by ;  Unto   all speak the truth���no virtue decry ;  Others   may practice, yet preach 'gainst deceit,  As    the rose, if named thorn, would smell just as sweet.  You'd   judge by one's words as well as one's deeds ?  Be   just in your judgment; flowers oft grow 'mong weeds;  Done   in the darkness arc works that bear light,  By   others do well, and you will do right.  If a fellow will only add me own resolution  to the list for new7 year he wont go far astray.  Of coorse we all sat up to bid good by to poor  owld 1897, an' lay her to rest, but we had a  grate welcome for 1898. If ihe new year  grows near as well as they say, she'll be a  beauty. I heard ov won crowd that went so  far as to christen the, new year, an' what do  ye think they called it ?���Finn the Sickle ; at  laste that's what Dooley tells me, an' there  was a grate row7 about it too, for some ov  them wanted to have it Larry Finn D. Sickle  in honor ov meself.  Well, Tim, but meself was in a merry crowd  of freuds   an'   strangers   at   the last minutes  ov the   owld   year   an'   the furst ov the new.  We were having a maskaraicl ball,   an'   as  no  won knew7   another  behind  the  mask   an'   in  disgdse, ve had to be verv careful  in  looking;  up a partner, for ye wouldn't know   but   that  the Oueen of Beauty   might be yer mother-in-  law or Snowflake the hottest girl in the room.  Meself made an awful mistake  in  paying-me  attentions to a girl that   threw me  off a long  toime ago, an' when the masks were removed  she was as badly sowld herself as what I was.  A lot ov the girls thought meself went in  an  other character entoirely, an' they were making up to Casey the whole noight an' thinking  it yyas, me. But we had a foine toime ov. it  Tim. Ye'cl bethinking it was Patrick's Day  in the morning we were selebrating. Ye re-  mimber the play ��������������� Pink Dominoes," that the  Ballyboreen dramatic society used to get up.  Well, that's it Tim,���that's it Tim, just loike  it.  ��� ,  Ye were telling  me,   Tim,   that things   are  purty dullin owld Ireland.,    Why dont ye get  ., ... ' c  up some excitement there  that  there's money  in, loike they do in this country ?    The latest  money  maker here  is   a   direct route to   the  Klondyke.      Cant ye get a direct route to the  Klondyke from Ireland?    The way to do it is  1 to get a map pv the world,  an'   draw  big  red  lines   acrost  it   as   straight   as  ye can,   from  Oueenstown or Moville to  the  Klondyke, an'  let every fellow blow that its the shortest cut,  an' that ye can get an outfit in Ireland chaper  an' better than in any place in the wcrld.   Ye  have lots ov picks an'   shovels   there,   an'   an  eider-down sleeping   bag   isn't   in  it   wid an  Irish freize or blarney tw7eed ulster coat.    Tell  the world that the Connemara  poney  an'   the  Irish donkey are the best beasts ov   burden in  a cowld country, bekase nature   herself gives  them a coat   that   '11  keep  out all soorts   ov  weather, an' a stomack  that's   as   aisy   when  empty as when full.       Have   a . good braying  ass in every pack-train insted cv  a  bell-mare,  an' if his powerful baritone voice desen't call  the   brothern   together   it   '11 be  music   in a  country that'll soothe   the   savage  brest,   an'  rernoind    many   a   poor   wanderer ov   home,  sweet home.     Up at Dawson City, Tim, there  paying six shillings a kandle to loight   them  to bed.     Whats the matter wid an Irish rush-  loight at half the money ?    They used   to   be  sowdd wid   a   profit   at   home   for a  farthing  apiece an' last longer than   any  ov  the  uew-  I   fangled composites or oyle-lamps.    There's a  fortune iu  it,   Tim.       Billy   He'ring   tells   me  that his aucistors came from  Dublin  Bay,  an'  that that's how the  Dublin Bay  herrings got  their name.      What's the matter wid canning  some of the fish for the  Klondyke trade ?     In  owdd Ireland many a good man  w7as raised en  potaties   an'   point,   an'   if they only had the  herring   to   point at   in   the   Klondyke they  needn't be packing up all the salmon they do.  Cant ye  start a boxtey factory  some place in  Ireland,   an'   put the stuff up in cans ?     If a  man can dig an acre of spuds  wid a spade on  won feed of boxtie in Ireland he could walk a  clay's journey or dig a fortune  in   goolcl   nug-  g;ets on the same feed in   the  Klondyke.     Be-  g-orra,    but   the   more I think ov it the  more  I'm convinst that Ireland is the best outfitting  place for the Klondyke in the world.     There's  nothing- loike a mining; boom ov some soort or  other to make money.     Why don't ye import  a  few Yankee experts   to   prospect   for   gold  a nr.rg Wield >.v m:>.m tains,   an' if they dont  foind any they'll be able to pursuade  people  that there's lots ov it there ? Ye might as well  have some ov  the  loose   cash   that's  nocking  around looking for mines to fall into.  Larry Finn.  m  The only place whore you can buy a   bottle  of   first-class liquor at a reasonable price is at thcNelsonWine Co. *  The Nelson Wine Co. caters for high-class family trade.  ��� ��� 1 ��� j- '11 ;���  t.    Tzyr'-'  T-....,,..,.r  4 ttif v>  1^  .iy���f   �����  1 ��    '��  TV1!"���" 5^? \*J���  v   1  .\ THE^NtE^SDN ECONOMIST;  THE CITY COUNCIL  Mayor/ Houston!.presided  over  the   weekly  meeting of the city council on   Monday  afterr,  noon.'11f'Ald;:'Te'etzeL   Hillyer,   Malone   and  Gilker, and City   Engineer   McCulloch   were  present.  /.        :-:/;;..',:'���' "r^ -- ���  The chief of the fire department sent in his  resignatioiiv?which was accepted.  The secretary.-'of the Volunteer Fire Brigade  wrote stating rhat; that body requested that  WV'j. ThOttipsoh be appointed to the  office of  chief  On motion^of-Aid. Teetzel the recommendation was approved/ -  .The pbtiuci' keeper-tendered his, resignation,  ��� which w7ts accepted;  Av petition., vvas sent. in, addressed to the  Assistant./Commissioner of Lands and Works  for the^.south:riding,;p.fWest Kootenay, with  the request th ait'the city council should .give  ther subject its support. The petition was  numerously :sigiied by mine owners, prospec-  tors.apd "business; men. generally, and prayed  fo r^aid to wards tire, ^construction of a" wagon  road from: Kootenay;Lake up Six Mile Creek,  and:-crossing :atow p.ass connecting and forming a 'means; of- ingress-and egress with the'  second north .fork "pf" Lemon Creek, a total  distance of .thifteen_;���miles. The petitioners  claimed   that. this ; re ad would  enable  man}7  v---      -��������� .   .-\    -.1.: ...���.-.   ���   _��,-        :. -J  valuable mines in this sectiou to become ship-,  pers'aS.'.'aii'f.ea/rA^jd'ate,  including   the   Alpine  group,    Nelson    and   Black    Prince,    Lucky  George, Tariff/aftdiseveral others,   and would  be. of.great advantage to the community.  The council endorsed the petition and  agreed to help it on by every means   in their  power.  ' A communication was read from the NeUon  Wine Co., asking that their license be reduced  from $400 to $200 per annum. The letter-  set forth that there was no consumption .of  liquor on the premises, nor did the company  aim at this class of trade. Their liquors were  sold iu not less than pint bottles, ancl while  wholesale houses could supply from a bottle  to a barrel of liquor, the license charged them  was btit $100 per annum.  Mr. P. J. Russell, manager of the company,  was present in support of the request.  Aid. Malone suggested that Mr. Russell  should take out a wholesale license if he was  not satisfied with the present one. If the  amount were to be reduced as suggested by  Mr. Russell, there would be five or six in the  trade instead of one as at present.  The mayor pointed out that the by-law  limited the number to two, and recommended  that Mr. Russel should make his application  to the new council after election.  The other members of the council expressed  the opinion that the license was too high, but  concurred with the mayor that the application  should be dealt with by the incoming council.  McLean & Co., waterworks contractors,  sent in yet another bill for   extras, amounting  to $310.  The mayor asked when they were  going to  The Nelson Wine Co. sells onlythe purest wines and liquor  Try one bottle.  heartfie^last of these extras;;: ;H[e'was under.,  the impression that the: t^ast = :bill of extras wa's;  the final one- but how 'canie/ thisv:-:and who:;  could say how many more they /would have.";  He thought the contractors/ -had.been; vet}7:  liberally treated^    > ;";v.-* ���>���������:   ���/    y ;;   ���-:'. .������7-;-  Aid. Teetzel suggested that the matter be  referred to a committee.  "The men should not be robbed out of their  dues," said Aid.   Hillyer.  " Who is trying to rob them ?''  asked Aid.  Fletcher.  Aid. Hillyer said that if the contractors had  just claims they should be entertained.  The Mayor became indignant and proceeded  to review the wrork, showing that the contractors had been very liberally dealt with.  After a. long and animated discussion, it was  decided to offer the contractors $1112 in full  settlement of" all claims, and to extend the  time for the completion ofthe wcrk to the 31st  May. ,���'���;  :;":- ���-������-���'���_" -,'-."-  Oh motion of Aid. Fletcher it was decided  to petition the Local Legislature in favor of  opening up and repairing, the <old trail from  Nelson to Ymir.  Aid. Hillyer introduced an amendment to  the Traders' By-law, providing that no license  be issued to pedlars, hawkers, or auctioneers  without the sanction of the mayor. ,  The mayor doubted the legality of such a  course, but the amendment was rushed through  definite action to be deferred pending legal advice.  Seme routine business having been disposed  of the council adjourned until Monday evening  next, evidently sanguine that their seats are  secure for another tw7elve months. The meeting; will be held an hour after the nominations  have closed.  The man Itespeler, now undergoing two  months' imprisonment here for issuing a  cheque not having any funds to meet the  arnoLint, is wanted in Rossland. The chief of  police of that city telegraphed to Chief Mc-  Kinnon to hold the man, but hearing that he  was in safe keeping no further action was  necessary for the present.  Carney's Plall was well filled on Thursday  evening last, the attraction being a stereopti-  con entertainment, presented by Rev. T. A.  P. Frost, of Trail. A large and varied selection of excellent views were thrown upon the  canvas, and during an hour, and a half the  audience were carried over the Rockey Mountains, through Manitoba and the North West  Territories, aud given glimpses ol Indian life  throughout the West as well as seeing; some of  the more attractive spots in British Columbia,  including fishery and forest scenes. The solo  singing of Mr. Parkinson, a chorus, and some  instrumental music added to the pleasures of  the evening. The entertainment, which was  under the auspicesof the Young Peoples' Aid  Society of the Baptist Church, was repeated  the following afternoon for the benefit of the  children. ;' '    '"  The Nelson Wine Co. sell;pn.ly, liquors  which  they  can re-  ' *  oinniend.  r        : . ;TIIE MASQUERADeIbALL. '^.^a  The masquerade ball under the; auspices, of  ���j the. Maple Leaf Club iQiix^I^w^Yea^jS .eye.,  yvas  : a pronounced success;  ,y The ^costumes, .were  . really wonderful,; when: it. is  considered that  Nelson has not yet reached  that  point in her,  history when a professional costumer can find  it profitable to reside here permanently.     The  hall    had been   tastefully   decorated  by; Mr.  Herring and the arrangements   were  all   that  could be desired.      At 11:45 p.m. the dancers  removed their masks and  all  were   permitted  to participate in the dancing.      The following,  is a partial list ofthe maskers and the characters taken :  Mrs. (Dr.) LaBau, and Mrs. (Dr.) Quintan,  : Spanish dancing girls ;   Miss Buckle}7-, crayon  artist; Miss Hanson,   flower girl ; Miss Mage  Kennedy,   Daisy   Bell ;    Miss   Mary   Ditrick,.  popies ;   Miss Annie  McDonald,, gocd   luck ;...  Miss Lowe, off 'the yacht;   Miss  Jennie '.Mcr,  Xeod,    morning, star;;    Miss   Rege   McLeod,  ; fancy dress ; Miss Shaw, .gipsy fortune^ teller.;;,  Mrs. Stibbs and Miss Manners, twp .little girls  in blue ���;��� Mrs. Tratnley,.:'liberty \, Mrs.  Tyson,/  1898 ;   Miss  Mary McDonald,   peasant  girl ; .  Miss Edna Whetham, fancy dress.  D. Shaw, Aunt Agnes from, Kentucky;   C.  Phratik, page ; Frank Darling, sailor bpy ; A.  Tregillus, fireman ;   H.   Meller,   Uncle  Sam ;  W. Lillie, bones ;"'W."Beckener,   Louis   14th ;  ;Dr.   Forrin,   Major   General ;   J.   J.   Malone,  fancy dress ; J. Foster, mascot of the   Maple ���  Leaf;   H. Richardson,   Hon.   O.   Mowatt ; J.  Dover,   Courtier  of Henry   II ;   Dr.  -LaBau,  free   from   slavery;   A.   H.   Fischer,  tramp.'.;-.:  Fred Irvine, Louise 16th-; L.   M. Livingston, ������  Arabian  ^/prince;.   S.   Neelands,h clown^:  J;  Keefer, Mr. Lund ;. Roy Troup, ^gentleman ;  J. Phair, K. of P.;   H.   T.   Irvine, courtier of  Charles I ;  Dr. Quinlan,-. off the bench ;   Mr.  Povah, fancy dress,  and  many   others   whose  names are not obtainable.  A meeting of those interested in the revival  ofthe Nelson Board of Trade will be held in  the City Clerk's office this evening. A large  attendance is expected.  The inquest on the body of Napoleon Bou-  langier will be held tomorrow afternoon at two  o'clock, when it is hoped that some witnesses  : from Pilot Bay will be iu attendance to throw7  some light upon what now appears to be a-  very suspicious case.  Ex-Pound-keeper Blaney threatens to sue  the city for $17 odd, which he alleges is due  him in consequence of certain animals having  been taken from the pound before their owners  had paid the fees. Blaney's case is that the  pound in its present condition is not-a proper  place in which to keep stock, inasmuch as it.  is insecure.  Attention is called to the sale of boots and  shoes for the next thirty days at the People's  Shoe Store, on Ward Street. This is a bona  fide clearance sale. J. K. Thomson,  Advt.  Manager.  Bv all means give the  Nelson Wine Co. a call���if you want  good liquor.  t/rtBmmimEiEKmsmijmm&mmmmmmmmmmw  <m*mw&&mmmmrBm>$tM  mm?  ^M^mm&mm^mmmMm^M^&SM  V- *I.Cf^ J/��wS.ai5J��..V I'S-C'tL'ffi.v.V-iW.SVW!!.' "Sift1  ��ii^iiilii;iiiiill  w^m^m^E^m^^^^m^^w^^m^^mm^^^Bwmi THE /NELSON ECONOMIST  FROM   THE PROVINCIAL CAPITAL.  (Special Correspondence of The Economist.)        /-//-;  The   ever-to-be-remembered    Point   EUice  Bridge accideiit pops tip every "how and' again,  in connection with some bilbof costs.      A special meeting of the City Council was held the  other day to consider a bill   from the city solicitor for $.1,000,   in addition to his salary,   for  extra work entailed   in connection   with suits  arising out of the accident.       The   litigation  started   with   an   action   by the Consolidated  Railway Co. against   the city   to   restrain the  corporation   from   building a   bridge   without  making same suitable for all the wants of the  company.       Next came the   action of the city  against   the company   for breaking down  the  bridge ; the action of the company against the  city for damages, and the 72 actions of the surviving sufferers and the relatives of these who  were killed, against the city for damages.      A  bill for $422, from Messrs. McPhillips & Wil-  liams, of Vancouver, and a claim of $2,000,  in  addition to salary, from City Barrister Taylor,  also in connection with the accident, were likewise dealt with.     People are now asking what  the legal expenses   will amount to   before the  case is through.     Time will tell ;  but pending  an answer to the query the council decided to  award Mr. Dubois Mason $500 and Mr. Taylor  $1,000. ���-''  The stray notes we get from the   Klondyke  go to show that the Victorians who have gone  in are all in good health and spirits, but up to  the present   nothing very brilliant   has   been  achieved by them.     Behnsen and Bush are reported as having a claim on   Bonanza   Creek,  but the rest of the party are not down to business yet.     Harry7 H. Tremayne, of Winnipeg,  who has just returned from Dawson City,   expresses the opinion that there are so many men  now in the country  looking for work that $1  per hour will be the prevailing wages.  It used  to be $15 per day.       However,   the Klondyke  rage is still on, ancl every day   there are fresh  arrivals here abiding a   favorable opportunity  to make a start for the land of gold aud snow  banks.  The last of the sdmon fleet for the season  has sailed for the Old Country. The total  cargoes aggregated 707,304 cases, valued at  $3,141,304. Altogether twelve vessels salmon-  laden have started from British Columbian  ports carrying the pack of 1897 to Liverpool  ancl London.  A press dispatch to the effect that the British  Admiralty had requisitioned three Empress  steamships belonging to the C.P.R. for service  created quite a sensation in town the other day,  and led us to believe that the war cloud in the  East had burst. But the war cloud is still  there, and the Empresses will be here on sche- ,  duled time.  The other day a delicate friend of mine was  recommended to take goat's milk, but there is  no such thing to be had for love or   money in  Victoria. . All the goats h aye-been bought up  fbr/the Klondyke: .transportation.service, and  are: how doing service-up there instead of attending to-business at home. ;v vT-he/vSteanier-  .'M ischie f is .expected -in port from th e n orth  with 100 clogs, also for Klondyke service. The  dogs have been .picked up at the different "Indian camps along the coast, and are said to be  well trained for-the sled.  LOCAL NEWS.  "Spare the rod and spoil the child," is an  axiom now out of date. "A parent," writing  to the Colonist, gives our boys a very bad  character, and favors "flogging under the discretion ofthe police magistrate," and " a thin  diet of bread and water for thirty days," as  effective deterrents to bad boys. "'-'For the  past four years the suburbs of our ���������town have  been a horrible wrreck���a perfect disgrace to  any place,'' writes " A Parent," and all this  attributable to our boys ! If the writer of the  letter had but signed his or her name one  could argue the point and prove that our  youth1 are as good as the ordinary run of  youngsters.  Beacon Hill.  MINING  NOTES.  Trunks, Valises, Grips at Thomson Stationery Co., L'td.  It is rumored that the Republic -mine at  Eureka is about to change hands.  It is rumored that T. A. Heinze has "thrown'  up the bond on the Columbia ancl Kootenay  mine.  A three-foot vein of copper ore, running  from $200 to $4.00 per ton has been struck on  the Iron Mask.  A five-foot body of pyritic ore has been  encountered in the w7est drift of the 500 foot  level of the Le Roi.  The director of the United States mint  estimates the output of gold in Canada for the  past year at $7,500,000.  The deal by which the Great Western  becomes the property of the British American  corporation has been closed.  The ledge on the Josie, w7hich was broken  by a granite dyke, has been recovered in the  east drift of the 300 foot level.  It is claimed that 165,500 tons of ore were  mined in the Trail Creek mining division  during the past year, valued at $3,835,500.  Some good assays have been obtained from  the Northern Light group on Forty-nine  Creek, running as high as $106, chiefly in  gold.  The new ten-stamp mill for the Referendum  group on Forty-nine Creek is now on the  ground, ancl will be in operation in the course  of a week or two.  The London Consolidated Gold  Fields  Ex-   i  ploration   and   Mining   Co.,   have   purchased   j  the Silver Hill group on  Canyon   Creek   near  Crawfcrd Bay and the Pilot Bay smelter. j  An injunction has been secured by the Iron   !  Mask restraining the Centre Star  from  w7ork-   i  i  ing the shaft which it was operating on the I  ledge near the side line between the two pro- ;  perties. j  Ledgers, Journals, Cash Books at the Thomson  Stationery    !  Co., L'td. 1  Skating and toboggan, sliding are now the  order of the clay. The weather, ���favors-, both  class Of sport.  '. "..-."   rAx\ A>;"x.r: .,:'A:-::  Gray's sawmill, at the foot of Hall   Street,-  ��� is being removed to make way  for   the ;.track  1 laying for the union railway'depot.      A   gang-.  of men is employed grading.: "-:���:':':      "!.   .-;'-.=-. :--)"-'  A soldier named Hansen   was' 'buried;' with,  military   honors  by the   Salvation Array ,011  Monday.     The deceased wasayoung man and  had been ailing for some timev    Pie. died at the  > -    o. -,'''"-   ;    '  hospital. ; ��� ]���  Twelve good draught horses were;among  the effects taken on board the steamer leaving  Nelson yesterday morning for.the scenes of  railway construction. There was also a'large  number of laborers on board.     "       T   ���   ; ;   ���   "  A concert will be given tinder" the auspices  ofthe Ladies' Aid Society of the Presbyterian  Church, in the Carney Hall, on Friday, January 7th, beginning at, 8 o'clock.;. A . good  programme has been prepared...  The members of the Volunteer Fire Brigade  are arranging for a series of practices so as to  gain greater proficiency in their work. Under  the new chief, \V. J. Thompson, it is expected  a high standard ol efficiency will be attained. ,  The new provincial jail building is fast  nearing completion. It is expected that it  will be handed over by Contractor Dinsdale iii  the course of a few days. The building would  have been completed long since were; if ,hot  for delays in the delivery of lumber ordered  from the Coast.  Pocket Diaries for 1898 at Thomson Stationery Co., L'td. -  TENDERS WANTED.  In the matter of the Winding-up Act and in the matter of  the Nelson Sawmill Co. (Limited).  Pealed tenders will be received by the undersigned as liquidator of the Nelson Sawmill Co. up* to 12 o'clock "noon on Saturday, the 22d day of .January, 1898, for the purchase of the  estate and effects of such company, viz. :  Sawmill, 26x90, sash and door house, dwelling-house, dry  kiln and boiler, lumber shed, safe, stock of mouldings, and  10,000 feet of lumber.one engine and boiler (105 h.p.)new ;  one shingle machine, one lath machine, one three-saw ed-  gor, one inserted tooth saw, 52 inches; one solid tooth saw,  48 inches; one solid tootn saw, 56 inches; one planer; one  circular cut saw, (new); log carriages; belting.  The machinery and  belting are nearly new and  in good  condition.  The above property is situate in the limits of the Company,  adjacent'to the city of Nelson, B. 0.  Book accounts approximating $2,232.68.  Timber Limits���Lot 282, group I, Kooteany, comprising 1,000  acres, less 320 acres transferred to the Hall /Mines; lot 288,  group 1, Kootenay. comprising 3,610 acres; lot 288 A, group I.  Kootenay, comprising 80 acres.  The above parcels are held under' a 21 years' lease Dxrrn  Government, dated 3.4th March, 3892. at an "annual rental of  30c per acre and rent, is paid up to March 34th, 3898.  Lot 228. group I, comprising 500 acres, held under a 9 years'  lease, dated February 5th, 3892, from Government at ah annual rental of 10c peracre and rent, is paid up to Februarv 5,  3898, '  The four parcels above mentioned'axe on the north slope of  Toad Mountain, and commence about half a mile irom Nelson, B. C.  Lot 987. group I, com prising 1,300 acres, is held under lease  from the Government of 21 years from March 4th, 1896, and  is on Kootenay River, about -I mile^ west of Nelson. There  is a balance of rent, amounting 'to $140, due. on this parcel.  There is a flume one and a-half miles long with ample water supply to float the lumber from the mill to the city yard,  and the company has a statutory right to 100 miners' inches  of water from Cottonwood Smith Creek and 60 inches from  Give Out Creek.  Tenders are to be for I he cut ire assets of the company; hut  parties so desiring may tender separately for any portion of  t lie assets, and such tenders will be considered.  Tkk.ms���Ten percent of the amount must accompany each  tender, the balance to he pa*d in 60 days from the date of acceptance, with interest at 8 per cent.    Or,  Terms may be arranged for such balance at   the meeting of  the credi tors to he held in   accordance   with   the notice'hereunto attached.  The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  Inspection of the books, copy of the leases, and all other information can he obtained on application to the undersigned.  Dated at Nelson, B.C., 20th December. 1.S97.  If.   R. CAMFRON,  Liquidator of Nelson Sawmill Company  NOTICE.  In the matter of the Winding-up Act and the Nelson Sawmill  Company.  A meet ing of the credi tors of the above company will l>.-  held at the law office of Macdonald <v_ Johnson. Raker street.  Nelson. B. ('.. on Tuesday, the 25th January. 1898. at 2:80 p.m..  to co 1 isder the sale of the assets of tlie company and receive  report of liquidator and deal with all matters' within their  power affecting the conipanv.  Dated at  Nelson. B. C, 20th December. 3897.  II.   R. CAM F.RON,  Liquidator of Nelson Sawmill Company  BBB'a���s^^  mmmmmmmmmimm 8  THE NELSQN E��0Nc/MlST  WOMAN'S   KINGDOM  This seems to be  essentially  the  period of the  reign  of the  woman  ���who.fascinates by her charm, rather  .������'than by her  features.     Fashion  is  responsible for this change of adoration of mere physical loveliness.   In  ���past days  the woman was seldom  aided  by the  coquetries   of  dress.  She  came   first ;   her   gowns   were  simply   her   covering.      Therefore  real beauty",was   necessary. .    Nowadays - clothes:  mean     everything.  An uelv woman who is clever,   can  by application  to the trickeries'/of  the millinerial  and modistic  artist  far outshine in   fascination  and  attraction   the   dowdy   yet   exquisite  creature who wears  her   clothes- in  Alma Tadema-folds and dresses her  . hair   after the- Greek   model.      If  another Mrs, Laiigtry (whites:Anne  Mortbii Laiie  from-London   to the  Chicago   Times-Herald)     were    to  : come among us-imLondon again in  'this year of grace   1897,   in' all the  perfect blyoin of tier young beauty,  and wore, as did the original   Mrs.  Langtry, the: how famous^black silk  ebwht nobody-would look at her  a  second   time. "^   '-^Pretty,"^people,  would say,   ;"but  I  \y.pnld ;rather  look" at 'Augusta  Retrousse  for- -all  her bad featui'es.-..- She knows  how-  to dress."/ So ft is that-beauty unaccompanied by the   perfection   of  rnodishness is at a discount in London to-dayf'���"'���<������    ' -.  case; it is the service   you   want.  It is like Pauline Bonapane,   when  one of her friends   wondered   that  she should let her lackey come into  her   bedroom.     'Mais,, ma   chere,'  she     said;   ..' appelles-tu     ca.   un  homme ?'     My valet is,  'ca';   voila  tout."  9  ce ���.���������:LQmpanyJ  &  within  side and outside omnibuses  contrast, indeed to't'he days  my'o'w'n recollection,whento travel  secoi3d class would have been  equivalent to dining in the housekeeper's room, and for a lady to go  alone in a hansom cab, let alone in  An   up-to-date   fashionable   wo-   an omnibusj was quiteindecoi-ous."  .man has lately dismissed  her  maid  and-engaged a  valet (according to  the New York Tribune).     ";i'have  never been so well taken care of in  my-life," she asserts.'    '' My clothes  are]m6st:beautifuliy kept ���'; my boots,  siioes, -and slippers are "like   new7,  and I  have never had my hair so  well dressed ; in traveling he is   invaluable -'������   he forgets nothing,   and i .'  . . . .       '. r    .   '   tt      i       i in ��� tone,   the  eves  are  not  correct  his   packing   is   perfect.     He   docs 1 ,  t1 ���"���       c 1'   '1    ���   1   '   t-       1      ! ln color, and  our ccmplexions are  nothing for mv husband.     Jim   has! ,'-,.,,  . . " , 1  ,   i hopeiessly libeled.     Any  fair skin  his own man ;  mine simply valets;      \ ' .   ��� J  T-       .   . ��� -.., . j looks gray ancl pallid. 3u   the   glass,  me.     I took him up with me to mv!       . . r  -.',!_.          1 on        ii        I and numbers or   women   who  have  sisters   last   week. -She     had    a;            ���                       .  "���       .          .   1 1         ! splendid complexions rum them bv  house-partv at  her country   place.:       .                . .1  ,r   ...        . ," .. "4      , ! trying   to   improve   them    because  Mollie said it was so queer to   have;   ,?,,,.,  they look bad in   the mirror.    Sec-  Lady  Frederick   Cavendish   has  been lecturing the  National  Union  of Women Workers in England  on  tc- The Dangers of Luxury  in Modern. Life."      "In   some   respects,  she says, "our lives are less  luxurious then they were'.     There is net  the same mass of food and multitude of .dishe's; "required; at "dinner-  parties.     It is no longer considered  disgraceful to travel second cr even  third    class;       Ladies' -maids    and  men-servants are less indispensable;  no magnate  is   expected   to   drive  about with  four  horses,   and some  are to be found  that don't  keep  a  carriage at all.     On   a  visit   one is  not expected nowadays  to "be  provided ;with light-gray kid'gloves to  come down tn   to  breakfast,   or   to  wear-, nothing;, indoors but silks, and  satins.     All: the world knocks about  Loiiclcii by   under-ground' railway,  and ladies of high degree  meet in-  A-  WINNIPEG, MANITOBA.  Wholesale Dealers in Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Apples, Poultry  > ;   ; and Cured Meats.   : A,.'.-..  The largest handlers of these goods in Western Canada.  All warehouses under perfect system of cold storage. Full  stock carried at Nelson, B.C.     For   prices write or wire  P. J. RUSSELL, Mgr Nelson Branch Parsons Produce .Co.  Is fast becoming a social as well as a mining and business  centre. The many social, political, church and club'ban-  quets^.'heid'ithe''.;^ fact.     The fine  glass ancl chin a wTare-;.so::,conspicuc lis at most of these functions'was furnishedby ..,.-... , ���-   .-.���"'.    ':  "-���  &  HA  �����  m  No doubt the human race would  consider,it little short of a universal tragedy if there were no looking-  glasses. Yet, in spite of their widespread use, none of us have ever  seen ourselves as others see us. In  the first place, the reflection iir^tke  mirror does not portray our likeness  with accuracy.     The hair is wrong:  '.���'"���- .0  The largest dealers'in.these lines   in   the ���district.  <^:>  also furnish the choicest teas, coffee and groceries.  IISOII  Thev  High Class Suits Made in the  Latest Styles.  A Magnificent Line of Scotch Tweeds and Worsted,  and West of England Trouserings, Suitable for  Spring wear. A special feature of Fancy Worsted  Suitings :   F  Baker St., Nelson,  fc5.  $  o  A large stock of all grades  from the best makers. We  can sell you any kind of a pipe  Postoffic  :orp  x y ��  a ma.n unpack my traps ancl lay out  my dinner-gown, but I don't see  why. If men are better dressmakers and better milliners, I do  not see why the}' should not be better personal attendants. Adolph  can trim a hat or change   the char-  ouclly, you can not assume vour  natural expression while peering in  the looking-glass. The eye must j  be in a certain position before you j  can see at all, and the eye, so far as j  expression is. concerned,' governs.!  the face.     The consequence is  that i  ���    -   --7���-_--- -  X'MAS.  C3  ^T  NEW YEAR  acter of a gown far better than  any   you can  see  only  one  of your, ex-i  maid   I   ever   had.     Mind    having ; pressions in; the glass, and "that  ex-!  him about ? Why, of course I don't. ; Passion is  one of attentive exaiui- j  ���  -,, -, 1 _.   -nation.     All the  other expression's ���  I   would   not   be   so   vulgar   as   to . , , .  , r^;^  1     1  .     .    �� .      .     ��>  w men  }oui   iriends  know  you, !  think of such   a   thing.      I he  nidi-   favorable or unfavorable, you ' have !  victual   means   nothing   in   such   a   never seen, and never will see. i:  Three carloads of Dressed Poultry have left Ontario,   direct '.lor .o'ur,  ��        Kootenay markets.    They will arrvve...Deeem ber 15, when we will   he  in a position to (ill all orders for Tur'kevs;'GeesC;   Ducks  and ���Chick-  ��        ens. either WHOLESALE OR RETAIL, at reasonubl.e ])rices. Orders  can be placed at any of our branches now. and   they  will   have  our  ��        prompt attention on arrival of .stock.    We will also have a   large  assort nient of Prime Beef, Fork, Mutton, Cured'Meats.   Fish   and ���Oys-  ��        ters.    Mailorders a Specialty.    Rranches at  ROSSLAND  SANDON  TRAIL  THREE FORKS  NELSON  ��  KASLO  SLOCAN CITY  sBSsansKsaran  BflrawwBaww!  H��iwu.v��iMJlWMUliaMBaHWBroaTOI^^  ilEfcMMM THfi NEXSON ECONOMIST.  Come with the Crowd and take the advantage of the  IO   PEB/CEMT  tJIsrT'/ SALE  AT  overs  AT1ERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL.  SHORT STORIES.  Members of a certain class in  Cambridge had been rather flippant  in regard to some pompous authority, and a Fellow was eulogizing  'him. Said he : " You are probably ignorant, young gentlemen,  that the venerable person of whom  you have been speaking with such  levity is one of the profoundest  scholars of our age���-indeed, it-may  be doubted whether any man of our  age has bathed more deeply in the  sacred fountains of antiquity."  " Or come up drier, sir," was the  reply ofthe under-graduate.  When Lord Dufferin was Viceroy  Of India, he had a " shikarry," or  sporting servant, whose special duty  was to attend visitors at the viceregal court on their shooting excursions. Returning one day from  one of these expeditions, the shikarry encountered the viceroy, who,  full of courteous solicitude for his  guests' enjoyment, asked :    "Well,  what sort of sport has Lord ���  had?" "Oh," replied ;he scrupulously polite Indian, "the young  Sahib shot divinely, but God was  very merciful to the birds."  Sir W. K. Hamilton kept ahead-  strong horse, and used to gallop it  in circles, or, perhaps in ellipses,  round the lawn. On one occasion  he mounted him in Dublin just after a curious mathematical problem  had suggested itself to him. The  horse took a mean advantage of his  abstraction, and ran away. " When  I found it impossible to stop him,"  he said, " I gave him his head and  returned to the problem. He ran  for four miles and stood still at my  gate���just as the problem was solved  > >  A Scotch minister was sorely  kept under by his "better-half,"  who placed him and his friends on  very short allowance. On one occasion he had a visit from an old  acquaintance, and after patiently  waiting for his wife's departure she  at length, as he thought, retired  for the night. She had no sooner  left than the hen-pecked husband  exultingly exclaimed : " I am determined to be Caesar of rhy own  house!" and at the same time  rang the bell and ordered refreshments. Just as he and his friend  were begiuning to enjoy themselves, '' my lady '' (who had overheard her unfortunate lord's boastful ejaculation) popped her head  in at the door and said firmly :  '' Caesar, come to bed !"  One   who   is   no   lover   of    cats  writes ':"   " The evasive habit ofthe  cat got a major iu the Indian Army  into trouble the other day.      The  major fired at the cat with a  pistol,  but the cat '' did not remain,"   and  the bullet hit a man   on   the   other  side of the wall.  Some might lay the  blame on the   major's   aim,   others  on the pistol,  but those   w7ho   have  studied the ways of cats  will  have  no   dout   as   to   the    real    culprit.  Why, it was only the other day  that two ladies had a quarrel, and  one sought to clinch the argument  by throwing the lodging-house cat  at the other. What did the cat do ?  Of course it missed the other lady,  and went through the window,  smashing a pane of glass, and falling three stories below, close to a  policeman. That, of course, got  the lady into trouble also. The  less, in fact, one is tempted to use  cats either as missiles or targets the  better  > >  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  . Custom House, Nelson, B.  The house and lot owned by the late Carrie Wilson, CORNER  BAKER AND HALL STREETS,,being lot t, block 7, Nelson. An  early sale is desired. Rents for $100 per month in advance payments.  Apply for terms to   '*���'-.  R. W.  HAWWIWCTON, Barrister.  C. E.  MALLETTE & CO.,  DEALERS   IN  yce  Rough and Dressed Lumber, Sash, Doors,  BAKER STREET,  Shingles, Etc., Etc.  "      . ��� ,   ��� ^-  In premises latelv occupied  bv  A. McDonald ct  Co.  NELSON, B.C.  ancouver Hardware Go.  Mara    Block/   [Nelson.  GENEREL HARDWARE, STOVES, MINING SUPPLIES,  LAMPS AND LAMP GOODS, PLAIN AND FANCY. Agents for  Armstrong & Morrison's Ore cars���the best in the market.  9<  Anything you want at the lowest market price. Wholesale and retail shops at Nelson, Kaslo, Sandon and Quartz Creek. A specialty  made of supplying railway companies and miners.  lead Office, Nelson  1  E, C, TRAVES, Manager  in Prices in  Millinery to  make room  for S pring   __ _ _   _ _ __ _ Goods. Ladies will do well to call and get prices in dress-making, mrs. e. Mclaughlin.  i-iiMiMuiui��uia��iiwmimmi��iiwmmiw IO  .THEvNELSON  ^NOMIST  GENERAL   NOTES.  Fox's Serges inj/Blue and Black,. warranted  not to'fade, at Ross'.  The Columbia River Lumber Co.  I/td:* hai7e purchased the stock, etc,  ���A of the Golden Lumber Co:  Office Diaries for 1898 at Thomson Stationery  Co., L'td.  The town of Sandon is  to be in-,  llj.'c'o^pbrated-i^and ��������� the   election    of  municipal officers is fixed  for  Jan.  :,..,.  Kew  patterns  in English, Scotch and  Irish  -���'/    tweeds'at-Koss'.1  Shipments    of    coal    from,    the  .Crow's Nest coal fields   are   being  made..to ,|?prt  Steele.,   The   black  diamond-is: brought by wagon, and  is-6;f excellent quality.   .  v���:-���__-..,.���}*'-  NOTICE.  Owners of Placer Claims are invited to send  a few ounces of the black or gray sarid, obtained in washdrig. the gray sand .-or/vgravelfor  gold,'-to "The Provincial Mineralogist, Bureau  of Mines, Victoria," stating the name 'ofthe  creek irom which the sand is taken, and its locality.  It is believed that PLATINUM and perhaps  IRIDIUM are frequently passed over and lost  by the prospector, as they have much the appearance of iron in the sand: These minerals  are as valuable as gold, the latter more so, and  if the placer claim owners will send the black  or gray sand as aforesaid it will be assayed and  the results given to the owner. ��� -   '  JAMES BAKER,  '..���... Minister of Mines.  s  of  at  INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS.  Court " Mines,,'.'Ainsworth B\ C:  "';��� Meets^e'verYSatuid'av evening at 7:30 p.m., at  tlehrv^s trail B Donald   McAuley,  C.'-D. S, C.<  Ranger;'John'Milles; Chief Ranger;  Leander  Shaw,   Treasurer;   W.    11.   Jarvis,   Recording  Secretary;,Wiii..,R.i;Freeman,   Financial   See-  ;-retarv./  Visi-tiiig brethren cordially invited.  "'/   " COURT TvObTEK'&Y /NO. 3138, /NELSON B. C    "  Meets first and third Wednesdays in the  month i.xi the Odd Fellows hall. Officers: F. W.  Swannell, G.D&.ClR.;-M. McGrath, C.R.;'J.  Mowat, W.CjR.;/W.. B. Shaw, R.S.; W. Ilodsoh,  F.S.; W. II. Graham, Treas.; J. R. Green, Chap.;  E. C. Arthur, M.D., Phvs.; A. Shaw, P.C.R.  C"?SP   *aB--J��-rJ.  Assessment   Act and   Provincial  Revenue Tax.  ���"; >?������ - /      THGS; R. McTNNES.  CANADA. '  PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.     "  VICTORIA, by the Grace of God, of the United  Kingdom, of  Great   Britain    and  Ireland,  r- / Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c,  etc., etc.  To:Oui- faithful tlie Members elected to serve  in the Legislative Assembly of our Province of British Columbia at our City of Victoria��� Greeting.  .; A PROCLAMATION.  A. G.-Smith, ���) TETHFREAS    We  . Deputy Attorney-General. \   **      are desirous  and resolved, as soon as may  be,  to meet Our  people of Our  Province of' British Columbia,  and to have their advice in Our Legislature :  NOW KNOW YE, that for divers  causes and  considerations, and taking into  consideration  the ease and  convenience of Our  loving subjects, We have thought fit, by and with the advice of Our. Executive Council of the Province  of British'Columbia,  to. hereby  convoke,  and  bv these''presents enjoin you. and each of you,  that on Thursday, the tenth day of the  month  of February,..one-thousand eight hundred and  ninety-eight; you/meet Us in.Our said  Legislature o'r Parliament of Our said Province, at Our  Citv   of   Victoria;   FOR   THE   DISPATCH   OF  BUSINESS, to treat, do, act, and conclude upon  those things which in Our  Legislature  of  the  Province o"f British Columbia, by the Common  Council of Our said Province  may,   by   the  fa-  vourof God, be ordained.  .InTestimouv Whereof, We have caused these  Our Letters to be made  Patent, and  the  Great Seal of tlie said Province to be hereunto affixed :  Witness,  the  Honourable  Thomas R. McInxes, Lieutenant-Governor  of Our said Province of British Columbia,  in-Our  Citv  of  Victoria,    in    Our    said  Province, this thirtieth day of December,  in   the   year  of Our  Lord  one  thousand  eiglit hundred and ninety-seven,  and   in  the sixty-first vear of Our Reign.  Nelson Division of West Kootenay District.  NOTICE is hereby given, in accordance with  the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue Tax and  all taxes levied under the Assessmen t Act are  now due for the year 1897. All the above-  named taxes collectible within the Nelson Division of West Kootenay, assessed by me, are  payable at my office, at'Kaslo,. B. C/ Assessed,  taxes .are collectible at the following rates,  /viz. :��� -���>���'���'.  Four-fifths of one per" cent, on1 the assessed  value of real estate, other than wild land.  Three-quarters of one per cent, on the assessed value of personal property.  So much of the income of any person as exceeds one thousand dollars the following rates,  namely, upon such excess, when the same is  not more than ten thousand dollars, one and  one-quarter of one per cent; when such excess  is over ten thousand dollars and not more than  twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of  one per cent.; when such excess is over twenty  thousand dollars, one and three-quarters of  one per cent.  Three per cent, on the assessed value of  wild land.  .If paid on   or  before the 30th dav of June,  1897 :  Three-fifths of one per cent on the assessed  value of real estate, other than wild land.  One half of one per cent oh the assessed value  of personal property. ..  Upon such excess of income, when the same  is not more than ten thousand dollars, one per  cent,; when siuh excess is over ten thousand  dollars, ancl not more than twenty thousand  dollars, one and one-quarter of one' per cent.;  when such excess is over twenty thousand dollars, one and one-half of one per cent.  .' Two and one-half per cent, on the assessed  value of wild land,  Provincial Revenue Tax, .$3.00 per capita.  John Keen, .  Assessor and Collector.  Kaslo, B. C, 2nd September, 1897.  ^t; artylioTir or iiiglit (HSTiglit Bell).  Drug and   Book   Go.,   L'td,  Corner Baker and Stanley Sts., Nelson.  E; SHOEING  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches. ��� ,.    ,  elson Blacksmith Go,  H. A.  PROSSER,  Manager.  Lake St., Opp.    Court House.  NELSON,  B. C  TO  THE    REGlSTSAi    OF     JOINT     STOCK  COMPANIES, VICTORIA.  Sir���Notice is hereby given that the Byron  N. White Company (Foreign) intend changing  the situation of their registered office in this  Province from the City of Nelson to the Town  of Sandon, in the  District  of West  Kootenay.  Such change to take effect 011 the first day  of January, 1898.  Dated this 27th day of December, 1897.  BYRON   N.'WHITE COMPANY,  r- *- -v    By J. Hoyt Smith,  5   CORPORATE  SEAL  OF   \ j\y   Ti^^^"  i B�����* *��� ������ t0- \ ���     ��� ecS?Starvf  NOTICE.  Tax Notice.  pal   limits  of  'Unpaid taxes within the muiucii  the cities of Nelson and Rossland."  " As provided by the Speedy Incorporation of  " Towns Act, 185)/, a rateable portion of the  " real estate taxes within the municipal limits  " of the cities of Nelson and Rossland for the  -'���' year 1897, is payable to the respective muni-  " cipalities. In "order that the Provincial as-  " sessment roll may be closed, in so far as re-  " lates to property assessed within said cities ;  " notice-is hereby given that unless all arrears  "of taxes due and payable on said property  " are paid to the undersigned at Kaslo. on or  " before the 30th day of November, 1S9/, tlie  " lands and property against which taxes are  " then unpaid will be advertised for sale in ae-  " cordanee with the provisions of tax sales un-  " (\cr the Assessment Act."'  John Kkkn,  Assessor and Collector.  Dated this 4th day of October, 1S97.  I, Edward Cordingly, hereby give notice that  I intend to apply at the next meeting ofthe License Commissioners for the City of Nelson for  a transfer of the Saloon License held by me for  th 11 premises on Lot 4, Block 1, Vernon street,  Nelson. B. C, to premises in the rear of Lot 7,  Block 0, Ward street, Nelson. And further,  that I intend to apply for a transfer of said license from myself to'S. E. Emerson, of the said  citv of Nelson".  Dated Dec. 33 th, 3897.  Edward Cordingly.  In the Supreme Court of British Columbia.  In the matter of the Winding Up Act and in  the matter of the Nelson Sawmill Company, Limited.  The Honorable /Mr. Justice Drake lias by an  order dated the twenty-seventh.day of September, 1897, appointed Hugh R. Cameron, of the  city of Nelson., British Columbia;, to be Official  Liquidator to the above named Company.  Dated this 0th dav of October, 3897.  ���     "       E. T. II. Sjmrkins,  Deputy   District  Registrar at Nelson,   British  Columbia.  The  Nelson   Wine  Co. carry only  the. best  liquors. *  LiiinoSe  Telephone 21.  aker Street,.Nelson,. B. C,  TOTAL DAILY CAPACITY 8,200 BBLS,  "OGILVIE'S PATENT HUP!GAs?JAfl3 " will hereafter be known under the brand, "OGILVIE'S HUNGARIAN." Branded Blue.  "OGILVIE'S STROWG BAKERS" will hereafter be known under the brand "OGILVIE'S  GLEriORA."    Branded lied.  All these brands have been duly registered in the Government Patent offices, and any infringement of the same or refilling'of our branded bags with flour will be prosecuted according  to law, as each bag of flour ;is fully guaranteed which.bears our registered brand and. sewn  with our special red white and blue twine. ���      '      *  In thanking vou for vour patronage in the past, and in soliciting a continuance of your favors, we take, this opportunity of informing you that " OGILVIE'S HUNGARIAN " and " OGIL-  VID'S GLENORA " have been established at a high standard, manufactured under special process, securing the right combination of properties gluten and starch to produce the highest  results in baking.  In placing our new brands  upon  the market we do so with the assurance that your most  profitable interests will be served in securing you  the  finest quality of bread.    No expense is ���  spared in the manufacture of these special brands of flour, ancl our  prices will at all times be  ot as low a figure possible consistent with the superior article which we offer.    Yours truly,  C. M. LEISHMAN, Victoria, Agent for British Coiumbia.  ��-u."bseri~fc>e fox* Tlie r��iiB':Wfei;^oisr economist.  ii  PERSONAL.  of   the    Great  Spokane," was  y. C.H Innes',. of; Spokane;,   is in  town-v-4 f. 'r^yy 'r f y}A?y ^y'% ���yy,,.-. j;  . D.   McPnaii,   of  Kaslo,   was   in  ": town ;oii -Monday_.'' ;'': '"���'   ������ H ���.r;;.;   ���' -.;*  A. T. Garland came down from  .Kaslo on Tuesday. -   ..    '  .'������  Fred Elliott has returned from a  month's visit to Vancouver.  F. J. Mathews, ofthe Pilot Bay  smelter, was in town last week:  G. A. Mitchell, of the Northern  Pacific railway, was in the city  yesterday.  H. A. Jackson,  Northern Railway,  in-Nelson on Friday.  W. J. G. Stephens, pa37master of  the Crow's Nest rail wa37, and W.  Baiie}7, ��� of Maclyeod, were in town  on Monday7.  Inspector Win. Burns,   B. A.,   of  '.��� the.'educatioiial department, arrived-  in Nelson on Tuesday.     Mr. Burns  ��� will ������ be    permanently     located   in  Nelson.      .  Among   the arrivals   in    Nelson  this week is Timolean - M.; Love, of  Fort Steele.     Mr. Love was born in  Kentucky 72 37ears ago, since which  time he has crowded   into   his   life  more adventure  than. .falls   to   the  lot of ordinary man.   He fought all  through    the    Mexican    war   with  Grant and Lee, and at the cessation  of hostilities he   turned  his sword  into   plow-share, .and   engaged   in  farming. :������'���'   Weary iiigv- of farm   life,;]  he engaged in   trade  and mining.  Mr. Love has travelled all through  the    Northwest     Territories,     and  lived   at    Winnipeg   when    it   was  known as Fort Garry.      The trails  of British   Columbia,   Alaska   and  Siberia are an open, book  to   him.  Although so far advanced in life he  is deepl37   interested   ii   eve  that   is   going   on   in  the  world.  'y thing  mining  have  commenced  wharves   at  Rob-  The C.   P.   R.  construction    of  son.:  Mrs (Captain) Duncan met with a  painful accident on Stanle37 Street,  011 Friday afternoon. While walking along she was struck from the  back by a sled before she had time  to clear the way for the incautious  youth who was riding, and in the  fall sprained her ankle. That accidents of this class are not more  frequent can only be.-accounted for  by the fact that the- citizei3s of Nelson are forced to acknowledge the  right of way insisted upon by the  rough young sled riders. That such  should be the case  the city. ���  is a disgrace to  v The Rossland Board of Trade are j 1  asking; that/a land registry office be j |  started in that city.   ���;..-������'  !vWi. ^y;M^refs^;vphp recently star-  ted-the Ev^niiigStandard in Ross-  Aand, is reported missing.  The public school opened on  Monday morning- after Christmas  vacation,   with   a   full   attendance.  The municipal elections in.' Rossland are being warmly contested.  Mayor Scott seeks re-election, but  is opposed by Aid. Wallace.  Tlie Provincial Legislature has  been called together for the 1 oth  February7. The members will meet  for the first time in the new parliament buildings, and preparations  are being made for an imposing  ceremon37.  Smelter operations at the Hall'  Mines; limited, for 25 da3"s and 6  hours ending Dec. 31st, show 5796  tons smelted, yielding 317 tons of  matte, containing approximately  146 tons copper, 92,, 170 ozs. silver,  and 238 ozs. gold.  Two men named Edward Evans  and-Chas. Higgins were arrested  Tuesda3r in connection with a  series of robberies from the Hudson  Ba37 stores. The37 have been drinking 'heavib' on the proceeds of their  theft, which included several cases  of liquor. They were brought  before Magistrate Crease to-day and  returned fc r trla1.  Police Magistrate Crease had a  peculiar adventure the other da37.  Two men called upon him to get  out a summons for some one said to  [have robbed them. The police magistrate held a lengthy conference  with them, ,and immediateh7 after  their departure he discovered that  one of the complainants had exchanged an old hat for the judge's  bran new tile. In the meantime it  is as much as $5 and costs to ask  his honor, il Where did 37ou get that  hat ?"  The following is From the Columbian, and may be of interest to some  rancher or friend in this part of the  couutr37 :    A gentleman dowrn from  the Interior brings a stoiw,   which  he says is true, in which   a   former  Westminsterile, named Fred  Dickinson, figured.      A certain  gentleman in the upper country   was  the  happ37    possessor   of   a   nice little  ranch, clear of incumbrances,   and  contemplated taking  unto  himself  a wife.      His lacUr love  was  quite  willing,   and   the   day   was   fixed.  The young man, in   the   fullness of  his heart,  transferred  all   the pro-  pert37 to his future wife, and, .handing" her the   title   deeds,    he   went  away  oa    a   short   business    trip.  AlasJ  for the proverbial  fickleness  pf the   fair   sex.       The   lad37,   had  I evidenth7, believed  in   having  two  strings to   her   bow/;    for,   on   the  young man's return, he  found   his  intended1 wife securehy   married to  Dickinson,    with    whom   she    had  entered into peaceful occupation of  her jilted   lover's   homestead.      It  has not 37et. transpired  what   steps  Per   Cent. Off  fumes and   Toilet Articles,  DAY  AT-  I MOTE'S- DRUG STORE, Kauffman Block, Baker St., Nelson  Tlie  b. e. e. o.  Arbuckle's Coffee is down to 200 per lb.      ...     ,.������,.;.>-'    ?,.--'  7 bars laundry soap for 25 cents. ':" y   '���. ; "      '    V  '  5 cans table fruit $1, and everything else  on   "same   basisv"  A credit house cannot compete   with us,   andTorunately-  don't have to.     People buying on time must expect to pa3r:;  more. ".'But; the   cash -buyer   demands" and   gets the best  goods, quick service and Rock Bottom Prices, , Try the,,/  Corner Josephine and Latimer Streets.  R. E. JOY, Prop  >f  Bread Delivered to any  iVnd can be obtained from Kirkpatrick & Wilson, "Baker Street; C.  G. Davis, Ward Street; T. J. Scanlan, Stanley Street; and Maurin' s  Grocer37, Hume Addition.  Ask Your Grocer for Joy's Bread.  Motice   of   Application   for   Certificate    of  improvements.  U. 13.���L. 2018, G. 1���Mineral claim.  Situate in the Nelson Mining- 'Division of  AVest Kootenay District.  Where located:���About one and one half  miles west from the Nelson aud Fort Sheppard  railway at Hall's water tank. . ake notice that  I, YV. A. Macdonald, acting as agent for AN'. II.  Sherrod, Free Miner's Ceitilicate No. 81098,  intend sixty days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining'Ree'order for a Certificate of "improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crow n Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such Certificate  of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of September. 1897.  W. A.  Mac; onalu.   .  Seattle Fish and  m  oultty Market  rop.  Ail Kinds  of Fresh Fish,, Oysters  and   Poultry.  pposlfe Thomson's Book Store,  r.St. Nelson.  C?��f i  'a  Mrs. Morle37 is prepared to  receive pupils for piano,  violin or organ. For  terms apply at residence,  Silica street, or  Thomson    Stationery    Co.,     L'td,    Nelson.  Over.-oats in Beavers and chinchillas, at  Ross'.  PIANO TUNhNG-An experienced Piano  Tuner will be here in a few days. Orders  should be left with Thomson Stationery  Co. Ltd.  A. large number of business lots for sale. Also  business blocks on Baker,  Vernon and other streets.  Residential lots and houses  for sa!e in addition A and  other parts of the cit3'.  Baker Street,   Nelson.  Whittaker's AJmanack 1898, Cloth and Paper  Editions, at Thomson Stationery Co., L'td.  The dut3* collected at the Nelson  Custom-house during the  month of;  December amounted to $22,966.59. j  Duty was paid on $88,294 worth of j  Sfoods, and there were admitted free I  $4,013.     The exports amounted to '  I $840,841,   to which the mines con-j  tributed '$837,004,   the forest $292,  animals and produce $47, and manufactures $3,498.    There were 4682  tons of ore shipped, valued at $415-  866 ; 617 tons of matte, value $41 7-  162, and gold bullion $3,976.    The  gold shipments were $318,807,   the  will be taken by the duped lover to I silver $357,458, copper $63,571, and  regain possession of his  real estate, j lead $93,192.  FINE REPAIRING.  Half vSoles from 75c to $1.25.  B. MALANDRINI,  Baker St, Opp C. &   K. Land  Office.  T. S. GOKK. II.    P.ITUNKT. J .  11.  M C.'G HEG'OK  GORE, BURNET & CO.,  i Provincial   and   Dominion   Land  Sur-  ! veyors and Civil Engineers.  Agents  for  Obtaining  Crown   Grant* and Ab =  ! stract of Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,   -    -   -    British  Columbia 12  THE NEESON ECONOMIST  ���' i  i >  erchant  Shippers and Importers  ""' '-"   J rr Vfr-   *='���-���'���-��� f-a_ffli_-_Y  trnm  ��� ,,"--'.-Jil��c-^,.-:-i  ..r.-....^--^^M.^-..^,M.^.-^J^^.fflT^^  Criterion Saw Sets, Ice Creepers,  Coal Oil Stoves, Queen Stoves.  Warrior Stoves and Ranges,  ���AT THE���  ta  For his next pair of shoes. We...will guarantee to save 37ou  money b37 doing it. Have a large stock to chocse from,  and our prices are 'WAY DOWN.     $i to $2.75 per pair.  Kg  Eg>~*  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  P. O. Box 63.  Received per express 3,000 fine I-Iavana Cigars���a sample  lot���comprising- Hem-37 Cla3r, Espancla, Hermcsas, Carolina, Bock and other well-known brands, packed 25 in a  box. Also a lot of beautiful cigar-holders, cigar cases,  tobacco pouches, cigarette-holders, cases and  match safes.  Just the Thing-fof X'mas Presents.  s  Wli3T to Gilker's for -anything I need.     See his new stock of  adstone - Travelling Bags,   Telescope   Bags,  ags, oansoury bags,  oors, Sashes and Turned Work, P&*  .9  Hard nd Sj.it. Coal for Doric Purposes  ana  if*  I  ��� ���  nice Httmgs.  Satisfaction Guaranteed.    Prices Reasonable.  Blacksmith Coa  made on application to  LE & O'REILLY. Baker Sl��� or WILSON & HARSHAW. Vernon S  !  Telephone No 35.  T  e��s<  A  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  PRODUCT.  "*- a. ��� j- --��� ���*��� ������^~-**���f f -*-=��� - ^_,_aflVtfr '��� Ti?rr-,'li'7"-'J -"- ~r'I    '      . *Vf  " '������' , ,'tT\ ��� ����� ~  Hungarian,  Strong Bakers,  Economy,  Superfine,  Bran,  aaigvkTv gS*  n^^  Shorts,  Chicken Feed,  Chop.  The- Okanagan Flour Mills Company, Lt'd, Armstrong, B. C.  ER,   BEETGPJ    &   CO.,  AGENTS,  NELSi  Give this Flour a Trial before parsing an opinion.  rs and sVsanufaeturers    w  Agents for Manitoba Produce Compaii37, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Mauna, W. J. Pendray's Soaps, M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON, B. C. P. O. Box  tw>.

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