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The Nelson Economist Jan 18, 1899

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 j r*     *,  THE NELSON  >>/  ^%  vor,. ii.  With which is incorporated THE NATION, of Victoria, B.C.  NELSON.  B. C,   WEDNESDAY,  JANUARY 18, 1899.  no. #rf<i,%'  THE NELSON ECONOfUST.  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Cabley Publisher   ' a  SUBSCRIPTION RATES: ��� '  One Year to Canada and United States $2.00  If paid in advance  1.50  One Year.to Great Britain ;-  2.50  If paid in advance ,.'.  2 00  Remit by Express, Money Order, Draft, P. O. Order, or  Registered Letter.  . Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  eolicited.. .���        ' ���        .. ."c  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of��� readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT  "The, old guard dies, but does not surrender." These words were said to have been  , uttered in a moment of enthusiasm bv Na-  poleon at Waterloo. Whether or not Napoleon ever said so; matters very little now; but  it pleased the French to record theself-flattei-  ing words in prose and rhyme, in painting?,  engravings and sculptures, and in all manner  of ways. We borrow the expression merely  to reflect the municipal situation at the  present time in Nelson. The old combinations were shattered to pieces last Thursday,  but they have not yet surrendered. There  were many things about the old council to be  admired, and the fact that those presenting  themselves for re-election polled very respectable votes, although not elected, demonstrated  that their services were appreciated in certain  quarters. There were many issues at stake  in the recent contest, and strange to say the  one that appears to have been the greatest  factor in reversing the old order of things was  the granting of a saloon license. The Economist suspected there waB an element  Ov "moral reform in the movement ; and  the fact that all the lawyers and saloon keeper- on both- tickets were turned down affords  testimony that the ratepayers had a vague  suspicion that they were placing the city on a  *<\ new basis. But subsequent devei-  M^ments lend color to the suspicion that  the great issue before the people was whether  a certain? saloon license should be given to  Abraham Johnson or Bob Lemon. We were  in a haze of doubt as to which side had really  won, until the Salvation Army band,  on the J  evening of the election, dropped into Mr.  Johnson's place of business and struck up a  half-dozen or so soul-stirring tunes. But it  must not be imagined for a moment that'-the  religious element was all on the side of Abe  Johnson. A certain prominent member of the  Methodist church very early in the contest  gave unmistakable evidence that he had espoused the cause of Bob Lemon. Just how the  other religious denominations divided we are  not in a position to state, but it appears from  the result of the poll that Abe Johnson had a  slight majority on his side. At the hour of  writing he holds his liscense. As we said ber  fore The Economist w.ia only enlightened as  to the gravity of the issues at stake, on the  evening of the election. No doubt others  were, in equally as benighted a state, and  voted as their convictions dictated.  .The old council had their faults, hut naturally those members of the old body who  were defeated feel a little disconsolate  The new council will be fortunate if when  their term of office expires they have given as  little cause for just complaint as the old one.  They have undertaken a difficult task, and it  will be strange if they do not make some  errors in its performance. Every man on  the board is-interested in the advancement of  Nelson, so it is reasonable to conclude that all  will work for,, the general welfare of the city.  The task of Mayor Neelands is perhaps the  greatest. He has stepped into the shoes of a  man, who, no matter what his sins Of omission o) commission may have been, can never  be accused of. lacking in patriotism to Nelson.  The new incumbent of the office stands well  with his fellow-citizens and all look forward  to an honest administration of the affairs pertaining to his office. Charles Hillyer was the  ouly . member, of the old board re-elected.  He should feel flattered at the confidence his  fellow-citizens have again... reposed in him.  On the new board are Mr. Beer, who is largely  interested in the city; Mr. Thomson, who  stands in the very front rank of our business  men; Mr. Kirkpatrick, an energetic yohng  merchant; Mr.-_Fletcher a large holder of,real  e tale; und Mr." McKillop, a man well qualified for the office of alderman. There is  not a negative man in the whole combination,  a id the city should be ruled with wisdom the  coming year,  wherever their lot may be cast, to advance the  interests of their place of abode, it may be  mentioned that nearly every applicant, for positions under the new council welto from recent residents of the great Northwest. This,  speaks volumes for the patriotism of Mani-  tobans and their manifestations of sublime  self-abnegation should not go unrewarded.  , The new council is to.be commended in its  policy of  affording  additional fire protection  to the  city.   As" was   pointed out,  adequate   t  fire protection   reduces insurance, a  consummation most devoutly to be wished.  The greater portion of the'time of the first  meeting of the new council was taken up by  the efforts of . the board to reconcile  Aid. Hillyer to the new condition of affairs,  with what buccess the future can only determine.  The moral reform wave does not appear to  have submerged the sinners of Victoria. On  the contran7, the moral reform candidate was  deluged by the votes of the men who believe  Victoria is quite Puritanical enough   already.  . As illustrating   the  desire of  Manitobans,  An upleasant feature of the dissensions  which have arisen over the granting of a cer-  tain=saloon license in this city, is the fact that  one of the commissioners is interested���indeed  part owner���in one of the,buildings in which  it is proposed to conduct a saloon. . It may be  that this fact cuts no figure- with License  Commissioner Turner, and that, as alleged in  h's behalf, he would not permit a saloon in his  premise.13, but he may experience some difficulty in convincing the people that he is not  prejudiced in favor of Mr. Lemon on this  account. The public are not charitable in  matters of this kind, and while The Economist accepts Mr. Turner's protestations of disinterested motives in the granting of this  license, as being honest, this paper repeats  again that the affair has a bad look about it.  We understand the building inwhich it is proposed to conduct the saloorr was sublet by the  present leBsee, but whether there is a provision in the lease prohibiting its use for other  purposes than that for which it was originally  leased, we do not know. Such a provision  would go a long way towards relieving Mr.  Turner of the impution of benefitting by this  license, and we sincerely trust that such  may  r ���j.--l.-l"*l  h/ -V-* -_.T,"-T?  THE ECONOMIST  be the case. He has not, ?n the past, been  1 oked upon as a person who would unduly  *i��terePi--himFelf in the saloon trade. On the  contrary, he has been regarded as a good-living man, who discouraged the liquor traffic  in any form. We mention these matters in,  justice to Mr. Turner.  The political situation in British Columbia  at the.pr -sent time may be said to be without  parallel in   the history   of this  or  any  other  Province.    No-  sooner  has   the   government  legislated   a majority for itself than it is  dip-  covered that the Independence Act of Parliament has been violated by several  members.  For  this   reason  many  members���"too  numerous too mention," as they say  in the bills  of auction sales:���have handed in their resignations,  and, it  is  said, "there are others."  Just where it will  all end, no one pretends to  say, but.a new election seems  to be  the only  solution of the problem.    Whether  or not  a  general election will  take  place, if is   quite  likely Mr. Hume, if  (he dispatchers   express  the true  state of affairs, will have   to resign.  In-that event an, election will  take place almost at  once.<   The opponents  in Nelson  of  the Martin adminstration are quite ready for  such a   contest.    It will  not , require  a very  strong ,man to  beat  Mr. Hume this time���  not that Mr. Hume is any the less popular as  a citizen, but the people have lost all  confidence in  the  government  of which  he   is a  member.  The moment, it appears to us, has arrived  whenothose who are. strongly opposed to the  policy of the present gov rnment must look  to what the future promises and decide upon  a definite line of action. By those who are  "opposed to the policy of the present government, we mean that great portion of the inhabitants of this Province who followed Mr.  Turner to his defeat, and also a very large  proportion of those who voted against, Mr.  Turner as a protest against an unpopular  member of his cabinet, but who, disgusted by  the high-handed proceedings of Joseph Martin, bitterly regret that they were foelish  enough to jump from the frying-pan into the  fire. A large element demanded a change,  and without indicating the methods by which  the desired end was obtained, we may simply  say they got it. Those same people are now  clamoring for another change, and if another  election took place tomorrow, undoubtedly  the present administration would be overwhelmed by the ballots of an outraged people.  Under these circumstances, the followers ��f  Mr. Turner in the House should at once begin the work of organization. Are they now  ready for the battle? Or do they hope to get  into power on account of the weakness of their  adversaries? It is quite true the Conservatives have expressed a determination to fight  the next provincial battle on party lines, but  are they ready? Some months ago, the Conservatives of British Columbia���The Economist among the rest���boasted  of   what was  being done in the way of organization, but  what have they to show for it to-day? It is  not certain that the Conservatives as a party  could hold their own in British Columbia now.  The simple fact that Mr. Bostock could not  be elected in his constituency doas not prove  that some other Liberal could not win the  prize. The fact of the matter is, there is not  that enthusiasm that we were led to believe ,  would be manifested in organization.  1 i  It is therefore the duty of Mr. urner and  his followers to come together and tell the  people what his policy will be inuhe. future.  If it is believed the old leaders w e not the  choice of the people why not select others.  Mr. Turner may be said to have been a popular leader, but in all candor it must be confessed that he,, sacrificed himself through  weakness in his advisory board. The Economist is not throwing stones "at any member of  the old government, nor do we^deem it our  special obligation to indicate just where that  weakness existed. ' We are free toeonTs, . t  there was one member of that old Cabinet  that practically negatived all. the virtues of  the government. There should be no trouble  in organizing at the present time. There is'  first class material behind Mr. Turner in the  House, and he should have no difficulty in-  making selections.  We have not the slightest doubt that Mr.  Joseph Martin is now making prepartions for  another election. Already, in his own. mind,  he has mapped out his plan of action. His  officers may include Messrs. Semlin and Cotton, but it is more than likely ,he will sacrifice one or both for men more in sympathy  with.his peculiar methods. Mr. Martin is  never caught napping, and he must be met  with men equally as ready to graip the advantages of the situation. Now is the accepted time, now is the day of salvation.  When the future historian of British Columbia comes to the name of Alexander Henderson, of New Westminster, he will pause for  a time and then obliterate it. Mr. Henderson can claim the distinction of having  created a new code for the conduct of public  men. He ran as an independent supporter of  the Turner administration, and as such he  was supported by the followers of Mr. Turner  in New Westminster. Now he buds forth as  a full-fledged supporter of the Joseph Martin  administration. This paper cannot be accused of ever having been friendly to Mr. Martin, but we entertain too high an opinion of  the attorney-general to believe for one moment that he views the political somersault of  his supporter with anything but contempt.  During the recent campaign Mr. Henderson  wrote several letters that would read well in  print to-day. Oh, for a Cicero to flagellate this  Cateline !  On the subject of Mr. Henderson's sudden  change of heart the Vancouver World, in  a recent issue, has the following :    "There  is    over    in    New     Westminster   the    utmost indignation concerning  the path, which  their  representative  in  the Legislative �� Assembly has  chosen-���for reasons  best known  to himself���to follow.    Alexander Henderson  never could have been elected if the supporters of the then Government party  had not by  their influence and   means fought his battles  against the   strongest  man who   could have  been put  in the field  against   him.    Indeed  there was grave  doubt that  he could  be returned and  it was  only through  the superhuman   efforts  of   the followers of Premier  Turner���including the papers friendly to that  honorable gentleman's cause -that   he succeeded   in   winning    the    most   significant  struggle   of the  campaign.    On the   night of  triumph he and Mr.  Richard  McBride���who  ran as  a straight   Government candidate in  Dewdney���spoke from  the same  carriage  in  the streets of New Westminster exulting over  the victory that had been won.    His  opponent, a good friend of the present .Administration, was a subject for derision and  hurrahs  for the  victor were mingled  with groans  for  the disenthroned king of the Royal  Cit}'.    In  the office of the Columbian hatred of Mr. Henderson was  accentuated   by  the vitriol that  poured through its pages day after day,  and  when a paper in this city claimed him for the  opposition of that time he indignantly denied  it.    A. change has come o'er the spirit of Alex.  Henderson's   political   dreams.     What .has  caused it?    Yesterday he and Mr. J. C. Brown,  the defeated, were passengers  for Victoria, to  all intents and purposes soldiers in the same  army.    The latter was honest and manly,  he  fought the fair fight and nobody has anything  to say against him.    Mr.  Henderson did  the  snake act, pursued a tortuous course, and his  first vote in  the  Legislature was given for a  Bill that will go down into the  statute books  as the  most scandalous that ever was  originated in the Parliament of a British possession.  What will be the end. of Mr.  Alexander Henderson?    What is the end of all traitors?   He  will go down to ignoble defeat.   He has dug  his own political grave.    If he were to run in  New Westminister   to-morrow he  would  not  get 200 votes.    He knows that himself.     But  there is still time for him to repent and try to  live up to that high standard of public (mor-  ality which is expected from those who represent the people.    Who would  want to   be in  Alex. Henderson's shoes?   There was a Judas <  among the apostles and we all know his fate.  History repeats itself."  \&\  'Ras. Wiman tells the public that Canada  will never be annexed to the United States.  In the language ofthe reporter this is no  scoop. Canadians knew all about it many  years ago.  The Kaslo Comique is defunct and thb  ladies of that city no longer wear veils to hide  their blushes.  'Tis better   to be   born lucky than, rich,  The Province of British Columbia conferre THE ECONOMIST.  upon Joseph Martin the title of Attorney-  General, and now.cometh Gold Commissioner,  Turner declaring the said Joseph. to be an  eminent .legal authority. The next thing  somebody .will be, claiming that Walter C.  Nichols, of the - Vancouver Province, is an  eminent journalist"    ,  it  Somk months ago���to be absolutely correct,  <����tober 4th,-1898-L-The Economist gave pub-  rlty.to a* rumor'to the effect that Hon. J. M.  Kellie had about decided   to enter society at  the  capital, and   that in order . to make his  debut more conspicious and imposing the same  gentleinan^had hinted that when the  proper  time had arrived, not only would he abandon  tha hand-me-downs, so popular in and around  Revelstoke/ but he   would array   himself in  tailor-made clothe5?, andjon state occasions appear in   a full  dress suit.   The -Economist  made the annouucement  with a  full realiza-  tion of its far-reaching consequences  and im-��  port to the country at large and the Province  of British' Columbia   in   particular.   At the  same time this paper- harbored  a   lingering  hope that the statement was , nothing more  than a rumor, probably started by some busy  body with the intention of discrediting  Mr.  Kellie with   his   constituents., _ We .say   The  Economist was actuated by sincere friendship  towards Mr. Kellie in   publishing, the statement always believing that at the proper time  the Revelstoke statesmen would come  boldly  forward and face his  traducers.    Contrary to  expectations, Mr. Kellie"has not done so, but,  we regret  to say, has L furnished the most  incontrovertible evidence himself that he contemplated a change from his primitive style of  wearing apparel,  for he has  appeared on the  streets of ^Victoria with  a bran new silk   tile.  This information is supplied by the following  pathetic announcement in the society column  of the Victoria Times: %  '   ���  "Mr. J.M. Kellie, has donned a fashionable  silk hat, and *thereby hangs a tale.' "  Aye, truly a taler-rA harrowing tale,  my  masters, oh�� that willjbring sorrow  to every  fireside in Kootenay. * J.   M. Kellie has long  been regarded as the most striking figure of  this   wild  and woolly west. - As  was fit  and  proper he eschewed the frills and furbelows of  more populous and fashionable centers,  but  pinned' his faith to the loose-fitting and  less  expensive garments to be found on the shelves  of   the general  stores  in   Revelstoke.    And  herein   was one of.the  many attributes of  greatness   of  the  Kootenay statesmen.    His  mackinaw   coat - and   pantaloons , stood  for  democracy in dress while, the soft hat that ob-  ecured Pothole's dome,of thought was a chaste  testimonial pf the,great statesman's., contempt  for. the nude in art. or nature. .       .    .  ^-.; ii'i .r iv  ^,x3ut the worst has come to pass. This  rilgged example of primitive democracy has  succumbed.to the allurements and. unreason-,  able demands.of .society* and_now, we are sorry  to confess,.he may be seen, daily onthe streets  of Victoria with asilk ;hat, and,; we doubt not,  iecked. put =in purple a,nd;fineIlinjnJto,match.  We have not. heard that Mr. . Kellie has cast  aside his brogans and encased his pedal ex-  tremities in tan shoes, but the distance from  silk hats to Russian tans, is not great when  one starts on the. down grade, and doubtless  these latter will come as a natural sequence.  Indeed, it is suspected that the Kootenay Beau  Brummeli has^a pair of these vain things in  his bedroom at the present time, and is only  waiting,for a change hi the weather to draw  them forth from their hiding place.  The effect of the downfall of Pothole Kellie  upon the county at large need not be dwelt  upon in detail at this time. It will be apparent to every intelligent citizen on . reflection. Iri the popular fancy this most striking  figure has combined in his personality the  ruggedness'of Cincinnatus and the austerity  of St. Simeon Stylites. Indeed, on the whole,  he has presented a more striking Aspect than  either of those illastrious .characters, of antiquity, for while Cincinnatus abjured headgear altogether, J. M. Kellie,wore a felt hat.  But the difference is so trifling as, not to be  worth', mentioning. And Stylites, who lived  thirty years on a pillar, didn't realiy need a  mackinaw suit, on.account of the., mildness of  the Syrian climate.     *  There is no good reason  to doubt" that the  Revelstoke statesman would have gone  thundering down the ages as St. Kellie, had he not  in an evil moment, suecumbed to .the allure-,  ments of- a silk  hat, a  tailor-made suit> pf  clothes and tan shoes;    Up to the hour when  it was announced that J. M. Kellie had really  donned a silk hat, the Kootenay  country had  felt a. certain sense of security, which   it can  feel  no  longer.   The feeling -was  generally  prevalent that though the capital might be a  svething   maelstrom of iniquity  (see  recent  editorials in Victoria Times and Police Magistrates  Hall's address  to the Police Commissioners); though  members  of the legislature  sold  cartridges in violation of   the  indepen- '  dence act   of Parliament;  though  a certain  member of the Government could not - find;a  hotel commodious enough for a sleeping room;  there was still left to  us the simplicity of J.  M. Kellie.    Is  it any   wonder therefore,- that .  our faith in human nature and iu the destiny  of .the Province has been rudely  shattered by  the  sad though   brief  announcement in   the  society columns of the Victoria Times?   There  is not one rifi of hope-in the clouds of impending.gloom and doom.  The Vancouver Province says there is always room in the grave-yard for newspapers.  The funereal jokes of the Province affords the  most striking illustration of the foregoing  fact.  It is often said that shoemakers' sons wear  the worst boots and that the offspring of  preachers are the most incorrigible. There  seems to; be something in the latter proposition at least.    Quite recently   in the prison  ers' dock in an eastern city there were, three  offenders, all sons of preachers. It may be  interesting to remark that Woods," who was  executed in Nelson last year, was the youngeit  son of a preacher who once lived near Gait,  Ont. Woods (that was not his right name)  acquired considerable celebrity as a burglar  in the large Eastern cities, and-"another  brother was not less noted as a safecracker.  The Toronto Telegram is of the opinion that  Canada would sooner help the Senate to reform the deals of Sir Wilfrid. Laurier's Government than help Sir Wilfrid Laurierto reform the make-up of the. Senate.  , -j>  The electors of Nelson did hot want saloonkeepers, but they compromised on Beer.  A correspondent writes: "If The Econo-  mist,does not change its policy on * * * * * *,  I shall be compelled to withdraw my advertisement." Our,-.correspondent should, order  his advertisement, out at once, for the reason  that The Economist is not changing its policy  this year, and in future we will deem it oar  duty to see that ihis man pays double rates  and in advance. , ~  The indiscriminate manner in which some,  British Columbia politicians are throwing  bouquets at the laboringman, in duces, the-belief that the labor vote is expected to count in  future. The horny-handed son of toil is oyer  the dupe of designing men.     '    ,   . i  The year 1898. was one of prosperity, all  over   the   world,   and . particularly   so   in  Canada.     The bank clearing returns for  the  eleven months ending November show, a total  of $1,266,668,334, an  increase of 205,538,065  or 19 per cent.��over the previous year, r' Notwithstanding  the rate  war  which prevailed  the'traffic returns on the railways  also show '  a large increase.     The gross earnings  of the  Canadian Pacific for the eleven months,  ending November, were $23,467,860,  an  increase  of $1,741,068, compared with the same period  last year, but the net  earnings  were $54^061  less.     The   gross   earnings   of   the    Grand  Trunkforthe  ten months were $19,775,021,  compared with $19,183,269 the corresponding  period 1897.     The shipping trade of the port "  of Montreal is  another evidence of  the  ex- '"  pansion of trade, S16 ocean steamers, with  an *  aggregate tonnage of 1,212,746, having entered  the port against 479 vessels'," with  a  tonnage  of 1,054,225, in 1897.     In coastwise steamers  an increase is  also  shown, there   being- 330 '  vessels with a tonnage of 345,000, against 300 ":  in    1897   with a  tonnage of 317,000.   !The  number of failures in 1898 wiis   1,427,  a dc-,r  crease of 520, and in the'amount of liabilities  36.33 per cent.'Over 1897.  :lOntario" had   the"  largest wheat croj)In  its  history~32i032,498  bushels.     That of 'Manitoba'"was" 25.000,000  bushels and in additioilit produced 17,000,0 GO  bushels of oils and $500,000 worth  of ' butter THE ECONOMIST.  1  V   '  r  K.  8  i f?��  m  '1  3  I  ! J  I J  I  ft*-  bis  and cheese.     Beef cattle  to  the number  of  12,525 were exported.  Next month the Conference will actually  assemble which is to discuss the Czar's disarmament proposal. In the meantime, all the  great nations of the earth are making extraordinary expenditures for ships and war material generally.  The new envelope with the two cent st��mp  embossed upon it has been withdrawn. The  printing bureau had printed the stamp in  purple, and as the Berne postal regulation requires that domestic stamps should be red,  the embossed stamp must conform to this  color.  The Toronto Telegram^'points out one disadvantage of the proposed reciprocal  relations  between Canada and the United States.   Any  measure of reciprocity would mean the shipment to England of United States products as  Canadian   products.    Canada is   developing  rhe individuality of  her own propucts in the  English  market.    Under  any scheme of  reciprocity the advantage of this individuality  would be lost to Canada.    United States products and   Canadian products would go together to the  English market, and the inferiority of American food stuffs would affect the  demand which is now justified by the superiority of Canada's farm products.   It is not  impossible that the loss to the farmers ofthe  whole   country   through  any measure of reciprocity which tended*to assimilate Canadian  and English farm products in  the   English  market would far more then outweigh the advantage which reciprocity would bring to any  part of Canada.  A Toronto paper observes that though  confidence in Kootenay mines has been a  plant of slow growth in London, it has proved  a hardy one. Two big and promising companies were floated there last, year, and Kootenay shares h^ve been rising in London. It  ia expected that the year 1899 will be a bright  one in the history of gold and silver mining  in Southern British Columbia.  The removal of Sheriff Redgrave from the  office he filled so long, will be a source of  complaint among old-timers. No man in  this country has had so many adventures by  land and sea as the sheriff.  So successful was the last visit of Dan Godfrey's famous military band to this country  that he has determined to make another trip.  He will sail from London about the middle of  next month for the United States, beginning his American tour at Washington. He  will later on visit Eastern Canada, and possibly may come through to British Columbia.  The Rome correspondent of the London  Daily Telegraph says: "Archbishop Ireland  is coming to Rome to explain his conduct  during the American-Hispano war.   The in  fluence he was supposed to possess with President McKinley led the Vatican to take certain steps which proved abortive, to the great  chagrin of the Pope."  Some complaints have reached us as to the  general conduct of the Kootenay Lake General  Hospital. It appears that the arrangements  as they now exist might be changed with ad-c  vantage to the public. Reorganization seems  necessary. %  The Ottawa Citizen believes that Lord  Curzon's aspiration to see twenty-five thous-  5 and miles of railway open in India before the  termination of his Viceroyalty will not be difficult of attainment. Accoring to the last  Administration Report on Indian Railways,  the mileage of open line on the 31st March  last was 21,156 miles. By the close of the  financial year the number will approach, if  not pass, 22,000. B that time the lines sanctioned, and actually under construction, will  be about 4,300 miles. So that Lord Curzon  has not at all been ambitious in his railway  project.  The changes in the Senate proposed by Sir  Wilfrid Laurier are being severely criticized  by the leading public men of the^ country.  Prof. Goldwin Smith says that in this matter  we are not our own masters. Canada may in  extent of territory and in hope, be a great nation, but her politieal position at present is  that of a dependency of Great Britain. Her  constitution is fixed by an act of the Imperial Parliament, which only the same authority can repeat or amend. In the Imperial Parliament the Conservatives have and  are likely to retain, a large majority, and it is  not probable that they would consent to the  ambition of the Canadian Senate, or to any  very democratic innovation. They would be  backed in resistence by the large party of  Conservatives here.  Db. Walkem in his paper, writes: "We  have lived to admire the eloquence of Mrv.  Kellie in its splendid dawn, and in its meridian, when he wis wont to rise amidst the  breathless expectation of the Amenably, and  to sit down amidst reiterant bursts of applause." So have we all; Doctor; so have we  all..  The newspapers are full of stories concerning Sir Henry Hawkins, the celebrated judge,  who was recently raised to the peerage. Here  are three of them: Sir Henry was once presiding over a long, tedious, and uninteresting  trial, and was listening, apparently with great  attention, to a very long-winded speech from a  learned counsel. After a while he made a  pencil memorandum, folded it, and sent it by  the usher to the Q. C. in question, who, unfolding the paper, found these words:���"Patience competition. Gold medal, Sir Henry  Hawkins; honorable mention. Job." Mr.  Justice Hawkins once had to sentence an old  swindler, and gave him seven years.   "Oh;  my lord," whined the man, "I'll never live  half the time." The judge took another look  at him, and answered, "I don't think it is at  all desirable that you should." On another  occasion, the usual formality was gone  through of asking a prisoner who had been  found guilty if he had anything to lay.  Striking a theatrical, posture, and with his  right hand in the air, the man exclaimed . fi  "May the Almighty strike me dead if I don't^J  speak the truth. I am innocent of this  crime." Judge Hawkins said nothing for  about a minute. Then, after glancing at the  clock, he observed, in his most impressive  tones: "Since the Almighty has not thought  fit to intervene I will now proceed to pais  sentence.  The new city council will not inaugurate  the spoils system. AH fair-minded citizens  will endorse the evident determination of the  city fathers to. deal impartially with the merchants and tradesmen of the city.  D. R. Young, whose fame as a poet extends  wherever the English language is spoken, has  removed his interesting publication, the Mining Standard* to Rossland. Nelson can ill afford to lose a poet at this time, especially one  of Mr. Young's transcendant talent.  William Cullin, Sr., one of the best known  printers in Canada, died at his home in Victoria, last week, at the advanced age of 73  years. For sixty years he had been engaged  in the printing trade in one capacity or another, and during that time handled the  manuscript of some of the greatest men of  the empire. In the latter part of the first  quarter of the present century he was employed in a printing office in Dublin, Ire., and  came in confact with many of the leaders of  the Irish movement of that time. He knew  Dan O'Connell personally, and related with  pleasure many incidents in the life of the  great Liberator. Deceased came to Canada  while yet a young man, and saw "Muddy  York" grow to a large commercial center. He  took a great interest in organized labor,  and was one of the oldest members of the Typographical Union in Canada. He was held  in high esteem by the members of that organization, and respected by his neighbors for his  sterling qualities and upright life.  Mr. C. Dell-Smith, will take up his residence in Rowland, where he goes as editor of  the Mining Standard. Mr. Smith is an able,  forcible writer, and under his guidance the  Standard should become a source of great  benefit to the mining interests of British Columbia.  w  It is rather strange that in discussing the  proposed alien legislation of the British Columbia government, the American newspapers  never refer to the fact that there are similar  laws against aliens in the United States, and  rigidly enforced.  l)JB!jgSW!!pa(Rasaw THE ECONOMIST  Leaves from the Diary of Samuel Pepys  (Continued.)  But it happened that one day, turning over  jthe official organ, which is known  as " the  voice of   Joseph," I   read, a   notice therein  signed by the Lord High Executioner of this  strange   land,  calling upon   the  advisers of  . Charles As to meet in solemn conclave with-  ,   put delay.   And in the city of Vancouver, in  v, fchose public hostelries where the followers of  Joseph'most do congregate to discuss politics  before the bar straightway following upon the  appearance of this notice there  becometh a  very popular ditty entitled, "Oh, he won't do  a thing to them," which is very like in  tune  and intent to the late lamented  Colonel  Oliver Cromwell's little chant at the  sacking of  Drogheda.   And when I questioned those followers of Joseph as to what the other advisers  of Charles As would  undertake, they replied  that  the' latter in  the language of Joseph's  lambs were "dubs." which meaneth in the political language of this most interesting kingdom that they do not count, not being entitled  to any opinions of their own  under an   act  passed by Joseph during his late term as adviser to the "Sleepy Are."   Yet when I questioned much  as to who and  what was  the  "Sleepy Are," I was amazed to discover that  Joseph was  bound to  them to do their  bidding, and that moreover this city of Vancouver  is their private property to be done with as it  pleaseth them.    And that moreover  the chief  aim of the bounty of Joseph is to hand  over  to the   "Sleepy Are" that country   which is  called Kootenay and  which lieth to the East,  and.that moreover the "Sleepy Are" hoped by  the   aid of   Joseph finally to   acquire in  fee  simple the whole of the nortnern  hemisphere  save only   the seat of  Sifton,  which Joseph  coveteth not, and many more little .things  in  regard  to the  assessment of   "Sleepy   Are"  property, which will  make pleasant  reading  in the future pages of my diary.    For though  Joseph   is very cunning, Charles  As is  not,  and the latter sometimes putteth into  writing  . what Joseph  will only  whisper,  but of  this  more   anon.    For   methinks   I   have   other  urgent  reasons wherefore I shall  journey to  the capital city of Victoria  without delay.    I  have there to deliver letters to that eminent  divine  ride -a- bicycle- in- praise-6f- the Lord-  Plotten. from his cousin in London, regarding  the disposal of certain   mining stock  which  the latter holdeth in  his  possession,  having  purchased the same from and by the  advice  of that good man, when he journeyed through  the Eastern countries collecting  subscriptions  for the Tabernacles of those who can be saved  only by total   immersion.   And   his  cousin  who also belongeth  to the same  army of  the  Lord is a mild mannered man and hath great  faith in his pastors, and he taketh their word  '���^    on   a   "good  thing."    But from   a   certain  worldly  wise man,   who, being a  broker and  dealer in  stocks in  this city of  Vancouver  has of course given up all hope of salvation,  as the same is denied to those who are tainted  with the spirit of gambling.   I  received but  little consolation, for when I related  to  him  the circumstances of the case, he told me that  the eminent divine had "given it to the Eastern suckers in the neck," which is a metaphor  beyond my understanding and taken from the  Bible, and therefore will be easily explained  by the eloquent divine. So having discounted  a sight draft on the Duke of Buckingham,  which was kindly endorsed by my friend, the  faro banker who won my ducats, and which  the latter will assuredly have to meet, I commence my journey to Victoria with the,fall of  the night.  :'S  LOCAL AND PROVINCIAL.  Aid. Thomson is making a tour of East  Kootenay. , ,  Mr. and Mrs.   DesBrisay are going   to the  coast for a visit.  Letters of Honor.  The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, at  the time Secretary of State, shortly after Confederation addressed the following despatch to  the Governor-General, Lord Monck. No essential change has sin^e been made with reference to the matter: "In consequence of 5the  Confederatfon of the British Province some revision ofthe former usages there, about titles  has become necessary, and I have the honor  to inform you that Her Majesty has been  pleased to approve of the adoption of the following regulations:  1.   The Governor-General. of Canada to be  styled "His Excellency./  2- The Lieutenant:Govemor of the Province to be styled "His Honour."  3. The Privy Councillors of Canada to,, be  styled "Honourable" and for life.  4. Senators of Canada are to be styled  "Honourable," but only during office, and the  title not to be continued afterwards.  5. Executive Councillors of the provinces  to be styled "Honourable," but only while in  office, and the title not to be continued afterwards. L  6. Legislative Councillors in the provinces  not in future to have that title, but gentlemen  who were legislative councillors at the time of  Union (1st July, 1861) to retain their titles of  "Honourable" for life.  7. The President of the Legislative Council  in the  Province  to be  styled "Honourable"  during office.  8. The Speaker of the House of Assembly  in the province to be styled "Honourable"  during office.  The belief is current in the east, that James  J. Hill, president of the Great Northern Railroad, realizing the importance of the Oriental  trade, has in contemplation the establishing  of a line of modern, up-to-date steamships  across the Pacific, and that a capital of $12,-  000,000 will be subscribed for the purpose he  has in view.  Miss Terry,' the elocutionist, has taken up  her residence in Rossland.  r Edward Mallendaiae, resident engineer of  the Nelson & Bedlington road, at Creston, is  at the Phair. ,-  V Nelson would be a fitting name for a; new  warship. It would perpetuate the name of  Britain's greatest naval commander, and at  the same time be a delicaterecognition of the  commercial supremacy of the coming city of  the great Canadian west.  r '  Hamilton Byers, the hardware  merchant,  ��� will leave for Nova Scotia next Friday to visit  his mother, who is ill.    .,  . '  A. E. Storey, jailer, has been dismissed, and  succeeded by ex-Mounted Policeman Jarvis.  Mr. Storey was a capable officer.  A dancing club has been organized in Nelson.   The name of the club is the  "Ivy'' and  the following gentlemen  are  the committee :  Messrs. W. Gardiner, H. Bradley, E. B.: Irving and P. E. Beckett.  The Globe, the new Victoria daily, will make  its appearance about February 1st, If there  is one thing in the world Victoria-needs more  than another at the present time it is: a half-  dozen or so daily newspapers.  The annual meeting of the Hospital Ladies  Aid Society was held in the school-room of. the -  Presbyterian Church on Monday afternoon at  3 o'clock. The following officers were elected  for the ensuing year: President, Mrs. C. E.  Miller ; vice-president, Mrs. R. W. Day; secretary, Miss E. Wickham;. treasurer, Mrs.  Dow ; buying committee, Mm. Painter and  Mrs. Goepel.  The Nelson Public Library Association: held  its regular monthly meeting last evening,  the following members being present: Mrs.  J. Roderick Robertson, president, in the  chair, Mrs. McCulloch, secretary, Mrs. Day,  Mrs. Arthur, Mrs. Stocks, Mrs. Miller and  Messrs. J. Roderick Roderick Robertson, Geo.  Kydd, E. A. Crease, G. V. Holt, Dr. Hall and  Librarian Harrison. Only routine business  was transacted. ''���;"-.'.'.,���,  The management of   the  Crystal   Skating,  Rink are sparing no effort :o mike their place  n^nulaf.    The Masquerade carnival last Monday eveni'ng was a great success, a 1 arge c owd  being present.    The prize winners were:   Miss  McMillan, Zenobia, the captive Queen of Palmyra; Mi-s Harvey, dressed as a Turkish lady,  received the prize for the meat graceful skater;  Mr. Coxhend, won the prize for the besffdressed  gentleman,   and   Joe   Curran 'for'.the.   best  character coHume,   In the two mile race Tom  Cowan was   winner.    It is   proposed   to give  another -'masquerade at an early dite.  ��OWMWWWIIlHUWWUII��HUIWm f'\  6  THE ECONOMIST  2'!  11  OLD NEWGATE.  res1  11  I!  I  Mi  i.  I  ���ill!  ii!  ���  ft  J  ft  Siif  1$  I  13  ill  i  j ?  The Famous Building to be Shortly Destroyed  and Replaced by a Modern Structure.  Newgate, London's ancient prison, as historic as the Bastile, is about to be destroyed  to make way for modern improvements. It  has not been used since December 31, 1881,  except for the detention of prisoners awaiting  trial or execution, but now it is to be entirely  removed.  How old it is no one knows. It was usedas  a prison in 1188, for it is so named in the records ,pf those times. It probably antedaUs  that period by several hundred years, but  there is good reason to believe that it has  lived for a thousand years, while hundreds of  thousands of prisoners have been executed  there. During this time it has been rebuilt  often and continued additions <,have * been  made. In recent time it was rebuilt after a  fire in 1556 and again about 1630. Destroyed  in the great fire that followed the terrible  plague of 1665, ij was again rebuilt and there  have been so many restorations since that it  hasrbeen practically entirely renewed several  times���in the same way that the man who  breaks first the blade and then the handle of  his knife has the same knife after frequent re-  '  newals.  The mere catalogue of the criminals who  have been executed at Newgate would fill a  volume the size of an unabridged dictionary.  Thousands of famous malefactors have been  executed there. Aside from those like Captain  Macheath, Dick Turpin and Jack Sheppard,  criminals but not popular heroes, others have  been confined there who are not remembered  for their crimes alone. ' These include William  Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania; Sir Robert Wright, the Lord Chief Justice who tried  the seven Bishops; Defoe, the author of "Robinson Crusoe," and Ellwood, Milton's friend.  Newgate's old walls could tell a story of  many horrors enacted beneath them. The  end of Newgate marks a reformatory change  in the methods of treatment of the condemned.  Yet it is only in 1868, thirty years ago, that the  hideous journey to Tyburn was abolished and  an execution ceased to be a public holiday.  Executions   were fewer  in  number in   the  latter days.    This  is  not wholly due   to the  improvements in the morals  of mankind, for  in the olden times the theft of a loaf of  bread  or the snaring of a hare  on a game  preserve  was   punished with   death.    Historians   say  that during the  reign of Henry VIII.   72,000  executions took place.    Sir Thomas Moore, in  his  "Utopia,"   declares  that twenty   thieves  might be seen hanging  from a single gibbet,  and hangings were almost a daily occurrence.  Conviction   of criminals  was ..easy in. those  days.    Torture was used to induce the prisoners to confess, and it was the especial  delight  of Henry VIII. to apply torture to those who  differed from him in religious belief.    Wilkes  and Defoe were among those who stood in the  Newgate pillory.    Little more than   a hundred years ago women were publicly  whipped  at the whipping  post  or at   any cart's  tail.  The fierce statutes of Henry VIII. and  Elizabeth made no distinction of fex, and  their ferocious provisions that offenders^  "should be stripped naked from the middle  upwards and whipped till the body should he  bloody" long continued in force. Men with  their wives and children were flogged publicly  and sometimes t>y?order of the clergy who believed it was for their moral good.  f As late as 1723 torture was used at Newgate.  Stringing up by the thumbs which survived  long after in the army, was quite a usual proceeding. More terrible was the press. ��� An  accused person who persistently ' remained  mute was solemnly warned three times of the  penalty for obstinacy and given a few hours .  for consideration. If the prisoner, remained  contumacious the following sentence was  passed upon him,or her:  "That  you be taken   back  to   the prison  whence you came��to a low dungeon which   no  light can enter, that you he laid on your bare  back on   the bare floor, with a cloth around  your loins, but elsewhere naked; that there be  set upon your body a weight  of iron   as great  as you can bare���and greater; that you  have  no sustenance, save  upon the first  day three  morsels of the  coarest  bread, on the   second  day three drafts  of stagnant water  from the  pool,nearest the prison door, on the third day  again three morsels of bread, arid such water  alternately*.from day  to day until   you  die."  Pepys,  who  supplies   the  lack of  modern'  newspapers in   th it day, gives a d-talel account of the way  in which   the extreme penalty of the law was carried out in   1662.    It  was the execution   of John  Turner.    Turner  was drawn   in a cart  from Newgate at  11 in  the morning.    Standing in  the.cart, he gave  the crowd an address of great length,  lasting  over an hour/ Then he   prayed, for an   hour  more aloud and distributed his money among  the mob, which fought  for it both as  charity  and as souvenirs.    At last he directed the executioner to take the halter off. his shoulders  and  afterwards,   taking   it in  his hands, he  kissed it and.put it on his neck himself; then  he had fitted the cap and put it  on.    The executioner fastened  the noose,   and   he kissed  his hand to  a pretty   woman who  smiled at  him as he  was   hanged.    Pepys   says   there  were 12,000  or  14,000   people in   the   street  watching the affair.  An execution was always, the occasion of  festivity in latter days when they became less  common. The Governor of Newgate would  give a breakfast to twelve or fourteen persons of quality," his daughter or wife doing  the honors. Then all would adjourn to witness the affair. People of fashion -would pay  as mnch as ��5 for a good vantage point in a  window opposite,- and ..'would*- spend the night  there to see the affair. The common people  would begin to fill the streets, in front of the  prison sometimes twenty-four hours before the  event, that they might have a .good sight.  Fathers would take their whole families to  see the hanging, and that was only a hundred years ago.  When the time  came  for the affair dense  Towds thronged the approaches to  Newgate.  ���*-t was a ribald, reckless, brutal mob, violently combative, fighting for the foremost places,  fiercely   aggressive   and   distinctly   abusive.  Spectators often had their,limbs  broken and ,  their teeth knocked  out.    Barriers  could not  restrain the crowd, and wereoften borne down'  and   trampled  under   foot.    All   along   the  route taken by the procession  people vented  their feelings upon the doomed convicts, chee^jp  inga popular criminal to the echo and railing  at or   hurling things   at those  they hated or  despised.    Often there would be fights between  the partisans  and   despisers of  the criminal.  At the moment of execution the mob  would  surge around   the cart, some pelting  the condemned with  mipsiles,, sometimes even when  he was at prayer.    Barbara Specer was beaten-  down by  a stone while on her knees.    When  Jack Sheppard was executed he was  made a  hero, and his body was seized after the hanging by the mob and passed around from hand  to hand.    There  was  a  serious riot,   and it    .  was nearly. 24 hours  before the corpse  could  be recovered for burial.  Perhaps the most awful catastrophe at ar.  execution was at that of Hollway, a murderer,  in 1807. There was 40,000 people present.  The pressure was so frightful that many  would have willingly escaped from the crowd,  but their attempts only increased the general  confusion. Griffiths describes the affair.  1 Soon women began to scream with terror,  some especially of low* stature found it difficult to remain standing, and several, although held up for some time by the men  nearest them, presently fell and were trampled, to death. Cries of murder were now  .raised and added to the horror of the scene.  Panic became general. More women, children  and many men were borne, down to perish beneath the feet of the rest.  In this convulsive struggle for bare existence, people fought fiercely with one another  and the weakest���of course the women���went  under. One cartload of spectators having  broken down, some of its occupants fell off  the vehicle and were instantly trampled to  death. This went on for more than an hour,  until the malefactor was cut down and the  gallows removed. Then the mob began to  thin and the streets were cleared by the police.  The catastrophe exceeded the worst anticipations. Nearly 100 dead and dying lay about,  and after all had been removed���the bodies  for indentifioation, the wounded to hospitals���  a carload of shoes, hats and wearing apparel  was picked up. St Bartholomew's Hospital  was converted into a temporary morgue.  Public executions were not held after 1868.  Then came a reform.    The  prison was  used  merely for executions by order of Sir William  Harcpurt.     Gradually   Newgate    fell    into  disuse.    The   memories   clustering   about ivll }���  were not savory.   They reminded the  Brit-'  ons of the brutality of their ancestors,   and,  indeed^ themselves in their youth.    With  the  change   in public   sentiment , in matters ���', of  prison reform  the prison  became less in use '.  and now the order has gone forth that it shall  be destroyed after having for perhaps a thousand years been the scene of executions. THE ECONOMIST  The Prudent Housewife Uses  I^or Healtli and  The new library is being well patronized.  John Elliott, barrister, has  gone down to  Victoria.  A large staff of men are now engaged on the  new theatre building.  P. Lamont made a trip through the  Siocan  this week.  Rev. Robt. Frew has returned from Ymir,  where he organized a Presbyterian congregation.  Mrs. A. McKenzie is visiting  Halyoon Hot  Springs;  One of the most prominent claims on the  Galena farm, just below Silverton, the Noonday, has been leased by its owners, with the  privilege of a bond. The owners are C. Mc-  Nicholl, T. Duffy, G. Spencer and V C. Rack-  liff, and they have disposed of the property to  J. M. Benedum and Stewart Bros. The lessees secure the claim to Sept. 1, giving the  owners 15 per cent, of the ore shipped. On  that date, by the payment of a certain sum,  they secure a bond for $35,000. The Noonday has - fine ledge 20 feet in width, showing  considerable g.ilena. It has had a great deal  of surface work done, mainly exploiting for  the vein, which is now traced in place. The  Noonday adjoins the Currie group, or Galena  Mines.���Ledge.  SPEAKING THE SHIPS.  Untraveled dweller lay tbe kaven Bide,  I saw tho great ships come, sojourn a day,  Then set their eager 'sails, their anchor weigh  And giv*  themselves to   rocking wind and  tide.  I spake them not, nor they to me replied  Of where their void and lonely journey lay.  Now, since my lips have tasted midsea spray,  In common speech I hail   those wanderers  wide.  To this, "Proud Scotia gave thy ribs to thee!"  To this, "Thy  masts have known  the Apennines!"  Or,   "Tagus. empties wher* thy frame was  planned!" ,     .  Or, "Bay, thorn, gallant one, Tf true it be,  Thou hither   camst with hoard of   Levant  wines  And dulcet fruits from many. �� sun loved  / '    landl"  .  ���Edith M. Thomas in Century.  Books for Presentation.   Thomson Stationery  Co., Ltd.  WHAT'S  IN  A NAME?  It is not what's in the name but what's in the store  to which  We wish to Direct Your Attention.  We carry the niost complete stock of general Shelf and  Heavy Hardware, Stoves, Tinware and Graniteware, Drill  Steel, all kinds and sizes, Ore Cars, Trails, Powder, Caps and  Fuse, and all Miners' Supplies ever brought into the country  Give u$;-'a Gail::-..;^l?rjc^.Right'J.  THEO. MADSON  Largest Tent and Awning FActory in British Columbia  Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods and general stock of Miners'  Supplies. Opp. Postoffice.  The Cheapest Place to Buy Christmas Cards,  Art Calendars, ;  NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that I have deposited in the office ol'the Registrar-General  of Titles, Victoria, plans showing a proposed  dock or wharf and warehouse and approaches  thereto and site to float a boom over the West  Arm of Kootenay Lake in front ol lot (or  block) 62a, in the city of Nelson, ancl the location of the sfiineT-together wiLh a description of the proposed sites, and I have deposited a duplicate of each in the ofliee of the  Honourable the Minister of Public Works, at  the City of Ottawa, Ontario.,    '  Notice is further given that after the. expiration oi one month from this date I wilYap-  ply to His Excellency the Governor-Genera l-  in-Couucil for approval of such plans and description and of the works tlieri n  referred to.  Dated at ���.Nelson'the llth clay of January, 1899  WjuiamR. MacLnax.  Before buying a \  )  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D.5.  DENTIST  Mara Block,  Baker Street, Nelson  OR  Or^an  Goto Pain toil's, the  ART & MUSIC C0> NELSON  Special attention given to crown Mid bridge  work and the pninless extraction of teeth by  ocal anesthetics.  OptiGian and Watchmaker,  tvlcKillop   Block,   Baker   street.  All work'guaranteed..' ������' '  X'mas Gift��fWriting Cases, Purses, Wallets, Books  ��9  Photographers  VANCOUVER and NELSON  near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelaoa.  Tins  mithing  ���i  ,  Plumbini  i AMD  ./,���.  He  ating  Josephine Street         .......  Nelson.  uuuuu.RHi~vmiie  :e>MHHnin()^!il :��i.33 ���_.' H_r-.��i  8  THE ECONOMIST  u  upg Elsewnen  Come in and   inspect  our   stock  of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furnishings.  w  HEN you buy  OKELL& MORRIS  [oTTa'b'Tnro'rbTmrro  O'KELL &  V,  RE COMPANY, id  Importers of .Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  L  & PEE  Brokers and Manufacturers'Agents.  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Co's  Biscuits, Etc.  NELSON, B. C. P.O. Box 498.  you get what are pure British Columbia  fruit and sngar, and your money is left at  THhome.  Preserves��) moi*kis'  ^"' l~'~ Are absolutely the  PUREST AND BEST.  FruitPresenres  Q  rJUULflJUUL*UUL^^  English Races and Betting  W. R. JACKSON & CO.,  Commission Agents Delmoniec  Hotel, lay the market odds on  all important events.   Starting  Erice    coinmivsions   executed  atest betting received by cable  Morrison & Caldwell  TEAS AND COFFEES:  Blue Ribbon. Salada and Upton's Teas.     Blue Ribbon Coffee.  ALL BRANDS AND BLENDS  Telephone 93   For  NELSON   EXPRESS  J. J. Dervin, M$jr.  Stand   Opposite  Central   Fruit  Stere  SHORT    STORIES.  VICTORIA, B.C.  Og  ilvie Milling Co'y  TOTAL  LY CAPACITY, 8,200 BBLS.  OGILI'S HUNGil and OBILWPS GLENORA,  OGILVIE  - MILLING   -  COMPANY  G. M. Leishman, Victoria, Agent for British Columbia.  Nelson Planing  Doors, Sashes and Turned Work, Brackets and  Office Fittings.  Satisfaction Guaranteed.   Prices Reasonable.  THOS. GRAY, Nelson, B. O.  CLUB HOTEL  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  RATES; $1 per day and up.  <? Schooner Beer, 10 cents  E.J. Curran, Proprietor.  T. S. Gore.  H. Burnet.   J. H. McGregor  GORE, BURNET & CO.,  Provincial and  Dominion Land Surveyors and Civil engineers.  Agents for Obtaining Crown   Grants and Abstract ef Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,  - - -   Sritish Columbia  Esquimau & Nanaimo B'j  Time Table No. 81.  To take effect at 7 a. m. on Saturday, March  26, 1898.   Trains   run on  Pacific  Standard Time.  _=GOING NORTH-Rbad Down.  The right and wrong of the  question of the nude in art were  never more forcibly put than by  Dr. Samuel Johnson a hundred  years ago. " Sir,'' said the pestering James Bos well to him, "do  Vou consider Mr. Opie's naked  Venus indecent?" >'No, Mr,"  thundered the stu dy old moralist,  " but your question is !"  Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. 93.  Fresh Candies and Tropical Fruits.  Ag��nts for  Victoria Coloxist  Seattle Times  S..F. Bulletin  S F. Call,  Hkusok Economist  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Times  Toronto Mail and Empire  Toronto Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday World,  And Other PeriOdi cals.  Extra Select Oysters  Olympia Oysters.  BREAD, CAKES, PASTRY, ETC.  Fresh Daily From  ELSON   BAKERY.  Lv. Victoria for  Nanaimo and Wellington   Ar. Nanaimo   Ar. Wellington   j Saturday  & Sunday  p.m. ~  4.00  7:16  7:35  Dumas fils tells of a double-  action joke which he played on  xMeissonier, who was a botanist in  his hours of leisure. The famous  dramatist sent him a paper containing the dried roe of a herring,  telling him tl a1, it was the seed of a  vejy rare plant. " How are the  seeds coming on ?" he asked the  great painter the next time he  saw him. "Oh, beautifully; I  have planted them in a circle."  And betook the astonished joker  to a corner of the garden where the  heads of young herrings were just  peeping up.  GOING SOUTH���Read Up.  Saturday  & Sunday  Arrive Victoria   Leave Nanaimo for Victoria   Leave Wellington for  Victoria   For rates  ancl  information  apply, at the  Company's offices  A. DUNSMU1R,  President.  IL IC, PRrOR,  General Fr't and Pass. Ag't.  K,��9  ANGELES  #.  THE  GREAT  MINING JOURNAL OF THE  GREAT  SOUTHWEST.  16 Paoes, with Heavy Cover EVERY WEEK.  LOWEST PRICED  Mining Journal on the PACIFtC COAST.  Subscription $2 a Year. Single Copies^ cents.  SEND   FOR  110-112 N. Broadway, los Aasefes CsU  Baron Rothschild one day entered an old curiosity shop to buy  some paintings. The dealer  brought out his rare old pictures,  dusted them, and set them in the  oest light. " Look at this Rembrandt ; quiet authei ti ���, Mr. le  Baron." "Authentic, you pay ?  You have got there a Raphael of  the first style, which i�� a good  deal more authentic." " Oh !  oh ! ' said the dealer ; " why, you  are a connoisseur, M. le Baron."  "I?" observed Rothschild, with  a sigh ; " if I had gone into theg)  old curiosity business, I should  have a fortune."  v;-<r  "P*t" Alexander, to ^hom  "Shirley" makes reference in his  memoirs, on one occasion met Dr.  William Chambers on the North  Bridge^Edinburghj.arid asked hi my..  i^w.^MWMJWywmkM^  MmmMmmiSi^^ms^im/m!sm&��mmmiaK^Mmmmsimsmtm\ THE ECONOMIST.  9  Sirdar, now finally known as  -'(Fisner Station, C. N. P. Ry.)     -       - '���      ,  THE   CITY   OF   KISMET.  Situated in the West Kootenay Valley, on the Crow's Nest Pass Railway, also on  the Nelson and Bedlington Railway, now being constructed.  Its Resources are Diversified  It is only 7 miles from the International Boundary, and is the Centre of the Coat:  nountSnfining District, the richest in West Kootenay.    Here .s also a vast tract of  farS"and, adapted for the cultivation of Fruit, Grain and Vegetables.  _fc���-Lotsnow for Bale  Further particulars apply to  Geo. McFarland, Agent, Nelson,  0r Creston Townsite Co., at Creston, B. C.  excitedly : " Have you found her?"  <��� Pound whom?" "That woman  you were advertising for."  " Woman ! I haven't been advertising for any woman." " Oh, yes ;  here it is," and from his waistcoat  pocket he extracted a soiled advertisement clipped out of the Scotsman. The doctor took it and  read ; " Wanted a woman to clean  chambers." When he looked for  Alexander, that gentleman had  disappeared���wisely perhaps.  At Ottford, in Kent, there was formerly a palace of the Archbishops  of Canterbury ; Wolsey is said to  have held his court there. It was  but a small place and is now a  farm-house, picturesque enough,  and oldeny but exhibiting no special  signs of prosperity. The other  day, however, this little incident  happened : The farmer sent for a  carpenter to do some odd jobs  about the house, and, among other  things, to mend the knocker. The  man took it off and said, after a  close examination of it ������;���   "Do you  ^jg_nbw what this  knoeker is  made  r of ?"     " Why, brass,  I   su ppose."  " No ;   it is pure gold."     And it  was.     Think    of the   years  that  ��"'���"' that rich prize has hung at the  mercy of every tramp !   A paralled  Ciee isthaUf the great globes, on  the pillars of the Summer Palace  gates at Peking, which ���" the Barbarians," both French and English,  concluded to be of some base metal,  and- left them untoucl.eJ. And  they, to, were softid gold.  When Eugene Field was city  editor of the Kansas City Times, he  found great amusement in annoy-  inw'oneof the characters employed  on the paper. Ferguson was one  the "make-ups" on the paper and in  Wyandotte, where he resided, just  .over the line from Kansas City, he  was the leader of a local temperance  society. For over a year, Field,  on coming down to the paper to go  to work, would, write a personal  concerning Ferguson. Generally  it ran like this : u Mr. John Ferguson, the well-known ' make-up'  of the Times composing- room,  appeared for work yesterday evening in his usual beastly state of  intoxication." This entertaining  bit Field would f-end down in some  bundle of copy, and the others of  the composing-room would >et it  up and say nothing. Poor Ferguson knew that this awful personal  was in their midst, and every night  would go carefully over every galley for the purpose of locating and  r  P. Burns & Co.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  Meat Merchants  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .   BRANCHES AT   .  _i ROSSLAND TRAIL NELSON KASLO  i SANDON THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITY j��  All the  leading "brands of  ���-��-      w ,       _    ^_^ Foreign   and  Domestic Cigars.   18,000 Cigars to select from. Bargains in Pipes for Christmas  OPPOSITE J. DOVER'S.  killing it. It gave him vast  trouble. Every now and then  Field would not write his per.  sonal about Ferguson, and then  the bedeviled Ferguson was  worse  off.'���than-    ever.     As  long  as   he  could not find it, it might   -till  be  there.     Now and then  it  escaped  his eagle eye and was printed.   On  such occasions Ferguson's  burdens  If You are Buying a Piano  GET THE NORDHEIMER  i   - .      '. , '..  .  \- - ��� ���    - ,..,.������  It is the=best in Canada.  Art & Music Co., Baker St  were beyond the power of even  a  Christain spirit to bear. .'���J x  , iJl-f TT.iL���' (TC?..*  _:   Z" ��y--r.**J"r   -rt-i. *   ".��*'-..*��� 1  10  TKE ECONOMIST.  j i  <^_-  I i  ,1  s- |  1  COFFEE.  Once Tried no Faitiily will Use any Other.  ^ Satisfaction Guaranteed by the  D  1  iCARLEY& PEEL,. Nelson, i.C.,\/-sl��/^/-., ���,.,_-_���   D /^  \       Agents for the^ Kootenay;    v V 8 HCOU V6P, D,U.  Temple Building, Victoria.   Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.  70 Bassinghall St., London.  General Shipping & Insurance Agents  '*���������     -   t'i ~  Commission Merchants.-.^Forwarders.-and Warehousemen.   Lumber  ''    Merchaiit'sra'ndTug Boat Agents. , Orders executed ,for every description of ;Briiish;knd;Fdreign Merchandise.   Charters effected.  Goods and Merchandise of every description Insured against loss by-  Fire.   Marine risks covered.  Life, Accident and Boiler Insurance in' the best offices.   Klondike  Risks accepted.   Miners' Outfits Insured.  '"'Loans'-'and- Mortgages1,Negotiated." restates   Managed   and   Rents  Collected.   Debentures bought and sold. ^   .  GENERAL   -FINANCIAL   -   AGENTS.  I  Railway Notice  Notice is hereby gtven that pursuant to the  requirements of the Dominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plans  have been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company in the Land  Registry Office in the City of, Victoria, vtz :���  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  branch, British Columbia Southern Railwav  Plan, Profile and Book if Reference, starting  at Nelson to a point 21.71 miles east, deposited  5th October. 1898, No. 565 E.  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  branch, British Columbia Southern Railway,  Plan and Book of Reference of extra land for  station ground 11QV, miles west of Eastern  boundary, of British Columbia on north-east  % of Section 25, Township 10, Kootenay District, deposited 17th November, 1898, No.565H.  Victoria. B. C, 22nd November, IS98.  Dkake, Jackson & Hej.mcken,  Solicitors for Depositors.  NOTICE.  '������i;  <s  y  k  p  COMMANDING ATTENTION  is   simply a  matter, of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns  are  marvels    of ��  good quality, good   style and  ____y        good       workmaship.       The  <<5^1 value is great.  D. J.BQUIRE, Baker St, Nelson.  j _  Wagon work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  elson Blacksmith Co.  A. PR.0JS��ER, Manager. Lake St., Opp. Court House.  IELSON, B. C.  M. JR. SMITH & CO,  (Established 1858.)  an  rers  BISCUITS AND CONFECTIONERY  &v^^^:orC/m^ VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER  ��� Notice is hereby given that application  will be made to the Legislative Assembly of  the'Provinee of British Columbia at its next  session by the Britisn Columbia Telephones,  Limited, (a Company incorporated in England under the Companies Acts, 1862 to 1893.  Imperial), hereinafter called "the Company,''  or, "the said Company," for an Act confirming and conferring upon it the powers of "the  said Company," as the same appear in the  Memorandum of Association deposited in  England with the Registrar of Joint Stock  Companies; and giving "the said Company"  power to acquire, exercise, and take  over all rights, powers, privileges, franchises and assets held by the "New Westminster and Burrard Inlet Telephone Company,  Limited," and "The Vernon and Nelson  Telephone Company," and vesting the same  In " the said Companjv' and to assume the' liabilities entered into by the  aforesaid companies and for the conferring  upon "the said Company" the power to purchase, lease, take over, or otherwise  acquire the rights, privileges, franchises,  powers and assets of, any company in  any part of the Province of British Columbia  having similar objects "to the company,"  and to amalgamate with such other company  or companies and to operate and carry on  the business of the aforesaid company  or companies, so acquired or to be acquired and for the conferring upon "the said  Company" of all such powers as may be  necessary to fully and completely carry on  and operate the works aforesaid, or any of  them, a rd of other powers.  Dated this 30th day of November, A. D. 1898.  McPHIIjLIPS & Williams,  Solicitors for Applicants.  NOTIGE.  Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the  requirements of the Dominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plan  has been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company in the La nd Registry Office jn the C.ty of Vietoria, viz-"  Plan, Profile and Book oi Reference, revised  location from LJ5th mile west of East boundary of British Columbia, westerly to 183.7th  mile, deposited 23rd Augnst, 1898, No. 565 B.  Dated the 5th day of December, 1898.  Drake, .Jackson & Hemicken.  Solicitors for the Depositors.  Certificate of Improvements.  "Princess Ida" mineral claim, situate in  the Nelson mining division of West Koote-  Kipling at School.  nay District.  Where located':���On  Morning   Mountain,  near the head waters of Sandy Creek.  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, acting  as agent for B. R. C. Walbey, Free Miner's  Certificate No, 2657 A, William H. Bambury,  Free Miner's Certificate No. 2751 A, and Michael Egan, Free Miner's Certificate No. 25S4  A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim. And further take notice that action, under section 37,  must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this first day of October, 1898.  John McLatchie, P. L. S.  Michael Gifford White in a very  intesesting sketch in the St James's  Budget, writes of Mr. Kipling's  school days at the United Service  College. As the sketch is marked  " Copyright in America" we mdy  presume that it is reserved for  publication in one of the maeazine^-^ *>.  but we give one passage from- it ifF-J  show its quality,.and, that/of *Mr.  Kipling as a boy.  At the United Service College  the custom prevailed, as in most  English " public schools," of placing a great, part of the out-of-clase  discipline in the hands of head  boys, who are called. prefects or  monitors. In particular these  head boys are responsible for the  maintenance of order in the large  dormitories or sleeping rooms���one  perfect having charge of perhaps ^a  dozen or fifteen boys.- Now.it  happened that the prefect .of the  dormitory in which Rudyard Kipling slept was a great admirer of  the thousand-and-one stories of  the ''Arabian Nights," and conceived the idea that it would conduce to his early repose if he compelled each of the boys in his room  to tell,stories in turn. The idea "  was at once put into practice, and '  the boys told such... stories of  sport, love, and adventure as the  fertility of their brains brought  forth ; but it became quickly apparent that Kipling so far surpassed the others in that talent  that the prefect insisted upon hig  telling stories out of his turn, of  which the result would be generally  somewhat as follows :  Tne light having been extinguished, the voice of the prefect  would be heard : ".Now then,  Gigs, a yarn." " Gigs" was an  abbreviation for gig-lamps���a  nick-name conferred upon Kipling  by his school-fellows on account of  the extra large spectacles he wore.  There would come no response  from the bed in the corner.    .  " Gigs ! You . hear.: a yarn."  Still no answer.  " Look here, Gigs,  if you don't  wake up I'll "  An   expostulating   voice   from  underneath  the   clothing :    " Oh,  what is it?"  "A yarn, a yarn."  Protestingly :   " But, I say,  it'sgj  not my turn." v-*  '  Dictatorially : " I don't care if  it isn't. A yarn." After which  there would perhaps follow a pause  of five minutes, when the voice of  the prefect would be heard again :  " All right, Gigs, you  brute," im-  amamuM�������JMjmuaBJum.tMHWl��  WBMM��WIWlllWt����tt  BsaranmiiffifflMiJiMaM^ THE ECONOMIST  11  ��  mediately succeeded by the crash  of a boot in the neighborhood of  Kipling's bed, to'be followed by  the muffled sound of a piece of  soap striking the clothes.  " I say," from Kipling, by this  time wide awake. " What is it ?"  ,   " A yarn, a yarn."  " I don't know any."  From the prefect: *' Oh I yes,  y jdo, but anyway, I'll give you  a skeleton. Once upon a time  there was a man who went" to_sea,  killed the. captain, turned pirate,  got wrecked on an island, where  he fought a battle against a lot of  savages, married the chief's daughter, died, and lived happily ever  afterwards.     Now go on."  With a grunt of dissatisfaction  Kipling would thereupon begin ;  phortly, however, making the prefect the villain of the storv, and  placing him in such absurd situations that the whole dormitory  would be shouting with laughter,  and the noise of creaking shoes  upon the stairs would come as a  warning that the house-master  was on his way to see into the  nocturnal disturbance.  A Friendly Hint.  Mr. Garraway stood up as young  Mrs. Bradshaw rose from her seat at  the dinner table. It had been rather a  quiet dinner, and he had had to do  nearly all the talking. Bradshaw opened the door, and Mr. Garraway noticed  that each avoided looking at the other,  truest Bradshaw closed the door and  came back to the table. He cracked a  walnut, and on opening it threw it into  the fire.  "Bad?" said Mr. Garraway.   He was  .  starting a cigar and he had refilled his  glass.    He was perfectly at home with  the Bradshaws.  "Yes," said young Mr. Bradshaw  violently. "Of course it's bad. Worst  of it is that you never know until you  try."  Mr. Garraway owed his success as a  solicitor mainly to knowing exactly  when not to do the wrong thing. Young  Bradsk&w lighted a cigar and after a  few puffs let it go out. Then he stood  up. with his back to the fire���it was his  fire���and looked at Garraway.  "I want to ask you something, Garraway. Do you ever have people coming  to you to draw up deeds of separation?"  "Oh, yes; pretty often."  "Well,   would you mind   being  of  .some use to me���and to Ellen?"  "Why, certainly. I've known you  both���Mrs. Bradshaw especially���for a  longtime. But you two don't want to  be separated? Why, man alive, you  haven't been married a year!"  " Garraway, look here. We have had  a row, a dispute, or whatever you like  ^ call it."  ^Jo'What I should call it," said Garraway, rising and speaking with some as-  cerbity, "would be a little disagreement  between two excellent young people who  ought to know better."  "Nevertheless, my dear Garraway"���  the young husband's lips quivered���  "nevertheless we have agreed to part."  On the piano in the drawing room up  stairs a few chords were struck and  the clear voice of Mrs. Bradshaw rang  out. Garraway, getting on in the thirties, and sober man of law, found the  hand that field his cigar shaking for a  moment.  " You see," said Bradshaw; "perfectly Jolly over it."  There was a sudden stop and a crash  on the piano, as though the player could  keep it up no longer.  , "Look here, Bradshaw"���Mr. Garraway passed his hand carefully over his  smooth, spare hair���"look here. Call at  my place at 11 tomorrow-morning, and  I'll do what is wanted."  "Thank you, Garraway."  "Shall we go up stairs? I must arrange with her."  The demure, precise little clock on  the mantelpiece in Mr. Garraway's  chambers struck 11' o'clock. A small  boy entered with a card.  "Thank you, Judd. Show the lady  in, Mr. Gibson."  Mr. Gibson withdrew his work t* the  outer office, stepping ���, aside at the door  to permit a slim, girlish figure to enter.  "How do you do, Mr. Garraway? I'm  not late, am I? I did not know the place,  and I had a little difficulty. I presume  you; are aware of the nature of my errand?" said the visitor.  "We often have little difficulties in  the law, Mrs. Bradshaw. If everything  worked smoothly, we would starve. I  had no chance of speaking to you last  night," said Mr._Garraway, "excepting  to ask you to call, but I had a brief  conversation with Bradshaw, and he  assured mo that you had quite made up  your mind about the matter.''  "He  is, in  this particular  instance,  quite right."   She put her lips together  and looked as determined as she could.  "And so I am to draw up the deed of  separation?"   * ���  "If you please."  "It's rather rough on me," went on  Mr. Garraway,- with an effort at humor.  "Why,,it seems only yesterday that 1  was his best man, and you and he went  away to Neuchatel, and we cheered you  as you left Victoria station. Do you remember?"  " Would you mind telling me, please,  when the document can be drawn?"  "And do you remember your first dinner after your return, and how jolly we  all were? Why, you were as comfortable as anything until a week or so ago  ���weren't you?"  "What 1 propose to do," said the  stern young lady, with just the suspicion of a catch in her voice, "is to go  abroad witli my aunt for a year or two  <uid leave the house just as it stands for  Ernest to live in. He can get a h ^rise-  keeper, you see, and"���  "By  Jove!"   cried   Mr.    Garraway  "That's not a bad ideal"  "You think���you think it will work  all right, Mr., Garraway?"  "Oh, I think so! I'll tell you why;  Of course you want Ernest to be comfortable, don 'tt you?"  There was a softening of her eyes.  "Oh, yes I    It  is  only our one great  quarrel of  last week that is parting us,  and"���  "I know; I know. Now, look here,  Mrs. Bradshaw. I wouldn't take so  much trouble if I were only your lawyer, but I'm your friend as well, am 1  not?" "'���' '.-.."    , V"...-:--    -������  "Dear  Mr. Garraway, we  two have  always been prood. friends."  ���"Well, will' you  allow ine, then, as  an old friend, to give you a little ad-,  vice? I should advise you to make up  this difference of opinion with Ernesti  I'm told���of course I'.m only a bachelor  ���but I'm told that all young couples  have their quarrels to begin with, and  they do say���-here again I speak, of  course, as a  mere   bachelor���that   the  making up is always the most delightful part of it."  "Mr. Garraway, I thought you would  argue, in that way, and it is very good  of you, but my mind was made up before I came here, and nothing that you  can say will alter it. A woman must  judge for herself in these matters.''  "Quite so. I think that to a certain  extent you are right, and if it is useless to say anything after your present  tesolution, why"���  "You may be sure of that," said  young Mrs. Bradshaw confidently. '' Ernest must put up with the consequences.  And you will see to the drawing up of  the deed?"   .  "It shall be put in hand at once."  "I should like to  leave London this  day week if possible."  "I dare say," said , Mr. Garraway,  with great amiability, "that that can  be managed."  "There is only the question of a  housekeeper. Somebody must be there  to look after the servants."  "It  is there I think I can be of some  assistance  to  Ernest."   Mr. Garraway  spoke  with  genial  assurance.    "It  so  happens that a client of mine is looking  , for precisely a situation of this kind."  "How extremely fortunate 1"  "She is a good manager, she's a widow, and she has had charge of a house  similar to yours.''  "That's capital. As I say, I shouldn't  like the house to go to rack and ruin.  When could this old lady come, do you  think?" ,    ,  "This���who?"  "This old lady. The widow. When  oould^he come?"  ,"Oh, but"���Mr. Garraway smiled  pleasantly��� 'you are laboring under a  slight mistake, Mrs. Bradshaw. The'lady is not old."  "Oh! She is not young, I suppose?"  "Well, cas a matter of fact, she is  rather young. By the bye, I ought to  have her portrait here somewhere.''  . It had cost Mr. Garraway a shilling,  this cabinet portrait, in a shop in the  Strand that morning. The shopman  couldn't tell him who it was, didn't  know her from Adam, he said, but she  was an exceedingly pretty girl in demure black, and the wily Mr. Garraway  was content.  "Surely, surely, Mr. Garraway,"  gasped young Mrs. Bradshaw as she  gazed at the portrait, "this is not the  kind of person for a housekeeper.''  "Oh, yes," said Mr. Garraway airily.  "She'll do all right. Bradshaw would  like her very much, I'm sure, after she  had been in the house a week or two.  I'm told she is a capital manager."  The 'bunch of scented narcissus at the  i^lady's bodice was Lobbing up and down  as she continued to look at tho photograph.  "You see, the great thing is to get  some one who would make poor Bradshaw comfortable and not compel him  to be always ad l��.e club; "   *  She put the photograph down on the  tabled ': ������',���  "This lady, "said young Mrs. Bradshaw definitely, "shall never come into  my house."  "No, "agreed Mr. Garraway sweetly.  "Of course it would bo in Ernest's  house. I am sure that on my recommendation"---  "Doyou mean to say, Mr. Garraway,.  that you would ��� recommend a person  like this for such a position?" Mrs.  Bradshaw had risen from her chair and  spoke indignantly. .  "Now, Mrs. Bradshaw, pardon me.  I can't allow you to speak ill of a client  of mine. I have every reason,to believe  that she is a well bred young lady and  comes from one of the best families':. . ,1  (have no doubt iu my own mind that she  will make my friend Bradshaw, whom  I look upon as one of the best fellows in  the_world, very comfortable indeed."  -There was a rap at the door, and th*  smart boy entered with a card.  "Show him in, Judd."  Mr. Garraway went toward the door  to receive the  newcomer, not  before,  however, he had seen a handkerchief go '  to the eyes of his young visitor.  "Bradshaw," he whispered at, the  door, "listen to me, man. Your wife's  in .there crying.    Go and kiss her and,  'make it up."  And bundling the worried young  Bradshaw into the room in the most unprofessional manner Mr. Garraway went  and spoke in the outer office with Gib-  "I shan't be back for an hour, Gibson. Tell that lady and gentleman so if  they ask for me. I'm going down to see  counsel in the temple."  It was an hour and a half later that)  Mr. Garraway sauntered back. The  small Judd followed him into his room  and put some more coal on the lira  "Mr. and" Mrs. Bradshaw gone,  Judd?" demanded Mr. Garraway.  Master Judd said, *' Yessir."  V What the deuce are you grinning  *bout, Judd?"        ���        a , ���  The excellent Judd said it was noth- ,  ing  special.    Being ' pressed,  however,.  Master Judd  confessed   that,  entering  the  room  about  20  minutes after his  ! master had left, he saw the gent and the  lady kissing each  other "like 1 o'clock  and' as 'appy as"���    <  ���   "Judd!"   said Mr. Garraway severely, "1  am surprised at you.    I am surprised that a man, just  now perhaps of  tender years, but  one who is possibly,  destined for the highest honors, should  be guilty of  the highest impropriety���  and gross unprofessional' impropriety,  sir���of noticing a matter of this kind. ,  I'm surprised at you, perfectly surprised  at .you.     Wourd you  like very much  to go to the theater tonight,.you young  scoundrel?"  Master Judd, with some  emphasis,  raid, "Rather!"  "Then here's half a crown for you.  Now be off. I'm rather behind with my  work today. ���     ""'���**    ���*  Friendship For Friends.  The clogs of Constantinople are the  scavengers of the city. For this reason,  as well as from innate humanity, the  Turks are tolerant of them, although  visitors to the city find them unaniia-  bie. As a proof of their intelligence and'  recognition of friends Major Johnson  relates this cxperieuce of his own:  One eveuing I was walking with an  English officer, when a dog came up and  licked his hand. 0 lie told me to notice  that she would follow us to the boundary of her district, as he had once petted  her and she had never forgotten it. Exactly as he had said, she followed us a  little way and stopped short in the middle of tho street.' Sho wagged her lail  and looked wistfully after us, but did  not stir when we called her.  ;'���;��� A few nights afterward, returning  alone to my hotel; I passed" the same  spot, when I ���'.suddenly felt & cold- nose  put into my hand and a tongue'licking!'-  my palm. I looked down and saw the  same dog..: fcf.he had recognized me as  having been with her friend, the officer, !  and as before, she followed me tc the  boundary of her district. . ���  A Siamese Punishment.  Another "decree of expulsion" has  been issued by the king of S'iam, this  time against one of his own officials,  Chow. Pligh ..Rax, minister plenipotentiary, general adviser, etc., in which it  said that'"be shall be publicly stripped,  ���of his Siamese honors," that., he shall  then have his head shaved for the better preservation of his health, and "that  he shall be, after the expiration of seven  days, made to cut grass for the royal  elephants for the res. of his naturi.il  i life."���Advocate of India (Bombay).  .-������aMMBm^^ -i-L"- us    r.  .1 j.Jti=r_l w*. tv,,i��A ..  _, _���-* _vi rj_u_���1 M��J��-C5*JI*JS"''^'** I-T*. ~ -_tt .11V  ��� "jrtfit.fi" ]-��� r       '-'"I -.�����-���-''i  12  THE ECONOMIST.  !*  i I  I! I?  > i  ii. if  jr  !  i  i  u-  I   i  t  1 [  i-f  I  1  if  I'' t*h  I! $  8  I)  I  $  <i  Si  IP  p1  ii;  5:  TURNER, BEETON & CO.,  Liquors  Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Goods  Boots and Shoes  Tents  Cigarettes  Cement  Bugs  Curtains  Flour and Feed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  Fire Clay  Teas  iiHumtHum  Etc.  Victoria; B. C,   Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  KOOTENAY BRANCH  NELSON, B.C.  *V  ���<-. j  ;r  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY  *"��  S00 LINE  Quick Time, Good Service,  Fewest Changes,  Lowest Rates,  Through tickets to and from nil parts ol  Canada and the United States.  No customs difficulties with baggage.  Tourist cars pass Revelstoke daily to St.  Paul, Mondays for Toronto,;Thursdajs for Montreal and Boston.  Daily Train  T�� R��B8land, Trail, Robson. '  Dailv Daily  6:40 p.m. leaves ���NELSON-arrives 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.  "Str. Kokanee  Ex. Sun. Ex. Sun.  4 p. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  Kootenav River Route, Str. Movie:  Mon Wed and Fri. Tues. ThurtJ and Sat  8 a. m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 6:50 p. rn.  Makes connection at EM lot Bay with str Kokanee  n both directions. Steamers on their respective  routes call at principal landings in both di-  r��ct;ons, and at other points when signalled..  Main line and intermediate points via Slo-  can City :   -  Daily Daily  6.30 a.m. leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 8:30 p.m.  Ascertain rates and full information from  nearest local agent, C. E. Beasley, City Ticket  Agent, Nelson, B. C, or Li. W. DREW, Agent,  Nelson, B. C.  W. F. Andersen,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  E. j. Coyle,  Dist. Pass. Agent  Vancouver B.O  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  ratei, tickets and full information to any C. P.  �����. agent or .;  C. P.  R. City Ticket Agent, Nelson.  W    . STITT, G��n    S.  S.Agt., Winnipeg-  C  . i  Dominion and  Provincial  Laind Surveyor,  . Castofn House, Kelson, B.C.  ODDS AND ENDS  "Those old Greeks seem to have  had a god for alino&t everything.  I wonder t?>ey did not have a god  f ir prize-lighting." "They did.  His name was Solus."  She���"If you had never met me,  would you have loved some other  girl=as much a? you do me?" He  ���"My darling, if I had never met  you, I believe I should have committed suicide."  "Stammering is an awful affliction," remarked the young woman.  "Still, it has its advantages," said  the society young man; a "fellow  doesn't need more than two Oj  three ideas to keep him talking a  whole evening."  "Don't you sometimes make a  mistake and lynch the wrong  man?" ask��d the visitor from the  East. "We did once," replied the  native; "hut we offered to do the  quare thing by the widder.'  "How was that?" "We told her  she could take the pick of the  crowd for her second husband."  The barber-shop porter was  manipulating the whisk-broom  after the manner of his kind, and  after many flourishes and extravagant gyrationp, bowed the customer out. There was a look of  triumph oh the face of the latter as  he said to himself, glancing at his  overcoat:    "He never touched me.*'  "This, ladies and gei t emen,"  said the dime-museum orator, leading his auditors over to the next  platform, "is the armless wonder,  Si'gnor Basil Bagstock, who was  not onlv born without arms, but is  also deaf and dumb. The great  grief of his life, ladies and gentlemen, is that he can neither say  anything nor can he saw wood."  Parsons Produce Co-  butter, EGGS, CHEESE, APPLES,  CURED MEATS, VEGETABLES.  WHOLESALE ONLY,  HEAD OFFICE���Winnipeg.  BRANCHES���Vancouver, Victoria, Nelson, Rossland, B. C, and  Dawson City, N. W. T.   Full Stock carried at Nelson  P.J. RUSSELL,  Manager  Nelson   Branch  Hockey Sticks,  Hockey Pucks,  Toboggans;  Coasters,  Office and Pocket Diaries, I  LI  We are direct Importers and Wholesale Dealers in  WINES,  LIQUORS,  HAVANA   OIGARS,   ETG.  All the leading brands always in stock.  YATES    STREET,  VICTORIA, e.c.  1  ���MMl��M����JMM��tHJJMia��MMai^^


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