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The Nelson Economist Dec 28, 1898

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 J:  (t  is:  k  ' V  which  is incorporated THE  NATION, of  Victoria, B.C.  VOL. II.  STEPSON/ B. C,   WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER  28, 1898.  NO.A25.  THE NELSON ECONOfllST  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D.  M.  CAKLEY '. PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES: .  One Year to Canada and United States - $2.00  If paid in advance ' 1.50  One Year to Great Britain 2.50  If paid in advance  2 00  Remit by Express, Money Order,  Draft, P. O.  Order, or  Registered Letter.  s 9.��^e|pOD^ence on matters of general interest respectfully  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms winch will be made known on application Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully "guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  the   transition   of   the  Holy   Virgin   is supposed to have occurred.     The sultan gave the  ground to Emperor William on the occasion of  the latter's visit, and Wilhelm presented it to  the German Catholics of Palestine. The Sultan  had bought the land for 12,000 Turkish pounds  from an Arab chief, but forgot  to   pay   for it.  The chief now claims the holy ground and declares that no   foreign   nation   shall   set   foot  upon it.     He has  40,000- Bedouin.follower?,  and promises to raise a row.  Czar and Czarina, the   Kaiser arid   Kaiserin,  President   Paure   and   the   heads   of   other  European nations to be her guests in London  while the commission is in session.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  Within a few days we  shall   have   entered  upon   a  new year.    The  year which   is   now  drawing to a close was not a bad one for Canada.    There has   been   considerable progress  made both in the development of our   natural  resources and in the expansion   of  commerce.  British   Columbia in   particular  has   participated in this progress.    The mining industry  may  be said   to   have   outgrown the experimental period, and  this   Province stands   today in the proud   position of having demonstrated to the world that here  is   the  richest  mining    region   yet   discovered    among   the  earth's treasury of riches. The fabled wealth of  King Solomon's mines pale into insignificance  compared with the   illimitable wealth   of our  mountains of minerals.    During the year   development work has been carried to a   greater  extent than ever   before, and  with   the result,  as we before intimated, the eyes  of the  whole  world are turned towards British Columbia.  The year has been a particularly prosperous  one for Nelson.    The   population of  the   citry  has nearly doubled, and residences   to accommodate the  increased   population   have   been  erected.    There  homes   are   well     built   and  with "all the modern   r^qirremeuts.      A   large  number of 'business   blocks   have   been   constructed, and   all of   a   substantial   character  |i^?hich shows' the faith   keen,  shrewd  business  "men have in the   future of the   place.    Therefore, we have all reason.to be thankful for the  The attention of the British Columbia  courts is directed to the fact that the New  Denver Ledge refers to Mr. Justice Martin as  "Chief Justice Archer." To our mind a contempt has been committed, and the Ledge  should be confiscated before it becomes more  reckless.  The generosity which prompted Postmaster-General Mulock to add to the newspaper postage and tajke the same of the postage to the mother country and the. colonies,  must be felt to be adequately appreciated.  The express business, to Nelson this year  was greately increased on account of the large  number of patriotic.citizens who are buying  goods from the Toronto department stores.  The   Vancouver   music   hall   problem   has  been satisfactorily solved.    A place of amusement confined  exclusively   to vaudeville,   has  been opened,   and is   being patronized  by the  best class of citizens.    The   Vancouver   newspapers say that the  opening  of   this   theatre  will keep a good many people out of mischief.  They will go there  instead of going to   worse  places.    Some moral   reformer should   start a  ^ ariety theatre in Nelson.  McDonald, the tobacco  manufacturer,  has  been   knighted.    If   the   Queen   would   now  knight-every   man   who   chews   McDonald's  obacco we would have an aristocracy in Canada in less than no time.  An exchange cries aloud: "Oh for a Canadian statesman." We trust there is no intention to overlook the possibilities of Mr.  Hewitt Bostock in this capacity.  Without wishing to institute invidious  comparisons, we think neighboring cities  must admit that Nelson's contributions to the  Spokesman-Review's galary of infant beauties,  far excel those of any place in British Columbia or the state of Washin ton, as regards  style and general get-up.  It is quite true, as some oiie has remarked,  that Canada can do without the sort of re-  ceprocity she wants better than she can do  with the sort of reciprocity she can get.  One of Mr. Sifton's Galician pets has confessed to killing a neighbor and four of his  children. If properly encouraged the Gali-  cians should reduce their number at a very  satisfactory rate in a short space of time.  The Crown expect to have Mackie, the convicted Napanee bank robber, on the stand at  the trial of Ponton, who is out on bail as a result of the disagreement of the jury. It is believed that Mackie will confess and connect  Ponton with the robbery.  The new year is fraught with danger to  Canadian institutions. A horde of Armenians  are heading this way.  Ottawa is agitated over the proposal to run  street cars on Sunday. With regard to that  street car business, Nelson carries its religious  principles to the extent that it will not run  cars any day in the week.  bountiful blessings of the  year.  .   There  is likely to be some  litigation   oyer  the plot of holy ground  at   Jerusalem    where  The British Foreign Office has suggested to  the.Czar that the conferees appointed by the  various nations in answer to his appeal for  universal disarmament, meet in London in  May instead of in St. Petersburg, If the  change is arranged the Queen will   invite the  The Ottawa  Citizen   says :    **The   Toronto  Globe appears to be engaged in preparing   the  public mind for the  announcement  that the  clause of the treaty of 1818 is to b�� abrogated.  It says that the treaty clause in question is to  prevent  the building of war vessels   on    th THE ECONOMST.  lakes with  the exception  of four small  craft  for either nation,   and that as this clause can  be abrogated by six months' notice  the president can   give   the  necessary notice   and the  'power of the United States to.build  warships  in the interior States would be absolutely unrestricted.'    This   harping   on   the  'building'  feature of the  clause is obviously  intended to  deceive the people of Canada.    The   treaty or  convention clause is aimed   at   the  maintenance of warships on the   lakes, and  their size  and   number are  described   in minute detail.  It stands to reason that   as the United   States  cannot get her warships out  of the   lakes she  can only want to build warships   there for offense against England and Canada.    The application for leave  to build   warships   on the  lakes   and   bring   them    down    through   our  canals is   a  piece of  bluff   pure and   simple.  What sort of 'warships' will go down through  the locks of the St. Lawrence canals?    And if  she is really only   desirous of building a   few  gunboats   'in the   interior States' what  is the  matter  with   building    them   at   Cincinnati,  Ohio, and floating them to tide-water via ^ the  Ohio, and Mississippi   rivers,  instead   of  the  Welland   and    St.- Lawrence  canals?    They  can   build   warships   in    a   dozen    'interior  States' with better access to the  sea   through  their own territory than   there is  to be found  from the lake cities, even if   Canada   granted  the use of her  canals, which it is   to be hoped  she won't.    But   Uncle Sam   won't be   happy  until he can build   warships   in the   'interior  States' that are not interior States at   all, but  northern boundary   States with ports   on  our  Great Lakes.   . And the Globe in its surpassing  innocence affects to misunderstand the treachery of the proposition, and tries to  deceive its  readers   as   to   the plain   significance  uf  the  action."  Hall Caine is a shrewd observer. On his  return to England he was interviewed, and is  quoted as saying: "I believe the feeling of  America towards England is the same as it  was three years ago. Certainly there have  been no such extraordinary changes as can be  observed in England towards America. Nobody in the United Sates appears to want an  alliance or understanding." This means that  the American has not changed his spots since,  three years ago, the Venezuelan difficulty  was at its height, when he was indulging in  his time-honored pastime of twisting the lion's  tail. Any one who has lived in the United  States, 'knows how deep-rooted is the hatred  that exists towards England. That 1 a red is  instilled in. the minds of the children at  school and the flame gains fury as the child  grows into manhood. All this talk of a kindly  feeling towards Great Britain and British institutions is rank deception. It does not deceive anyone who has lived in the United  States, but the people of Great Britain in their  desire to bring about a friendly feeling with  the Government of the United States are evidently prepared to accept the protestations of  gratitude on the part of the American Union  as a desire to behave better in the future tnan  they have in the past.    This has led to a wave  of popular feeling in the direction of straightening  out  matters    with   the   United   States,  even if it be  at the   sacrifice of   Canada's   interests.    Canada will have   to obliterate   herself to  propitiate the wrath of her   neighbors.  The commission  which   has   recently   sat at  Washington is  a farce,   so far as  Canada was  concerned.      The   Canadian    representatives  might as   well have   remained at  home.    All  the work of the Commission was accomplished  before Baron Hirschel left England.    The deliberations were carried on by Baron Hirschell  and a couple of United States senators,   and  the Canadian  representatives were  only present as a matter of courtesy.    The   rapacity of  these senators   was manifested  in every  conceivable manner.    They have no intention   of  arranging a reciprocity   treaty with  Canada,  their main   object is   simply  to   see how   far  .Great Britain will go  in order  to   cultivate a  friendly feeling with   the  United State3,   and  as aside issue to gloat   over  Canadian   statesmen prostrating themselves before the.imposing figure of Uncle Sam in the hope of securing what they never will get, a fair reciprocity  treaty.    Of course, no  one yet knows all that  transpired between   Baron Hirschell  and the  U. S. commissioners, but from   what  can be  learned these secret consultations  bode evil to  Canadian interests.    Even if Sir Wilfrid were  so inclined, he could not enlighten   us on this  point.      He   was     not   taken     into     Baron  Hirscheirs confidence,   and   merely  confined  his operations to glittering the eye^  of .Washington   society with  his   brand new title.    Sir  Wilfrid and the other Canadian   commissioners have returned to O.tawa, and are cultivating a   mysterious mien in the hope of making  Canadians believe they were the whole   show,  when as  a  matter of   fact   they   were merely  supers in the production.    Canada   is not yet  prepared   to sacrifice   herself  on   the  altar of  United   States   greed  and   cunning.    We are  not going to give up anything we have now to  add   lustre to  the fame   of Baron   HirscholL  We also" know here that "the feeling of America towards England  is the same as   it was  three years ago."  The Toronto   Telegram speaks    words    of  wisdom   when   it   says  that   the    questions  raised by the proposal  to open the  canals   to  American  vessels   of   war   affects  the    whole  country, and there should be no partizanship  in the discussion of such sacred interests.   No  commercial advantage could repay the  country for a bargain which endangers the  country's.safety.     No   Liberal   paper  has so   far  attempted to fairly and candidly discuss   the  effect of   this   proposed   arrangement.      The  use of Canada's canals as the foundation of a  warship building industry in   four  American  cities  must  be   justified   to   Canadians    by  argument.     It can not be justified by   parti-  zan  humor  or timid  silence.     There   is   an  Opposition at Ottawa which surely has  sufficient  courage   to  vote   against    any    treaty  which embodies so much danger and so   little  profit to Canada,     The question   should   not  be dragged into party politics, and if Sir Wilfrid Laurier be wise he will'fell the Americans  that they may do as they pleise with th��  treaty of 1818, but so long as he is Premier of  Canada the canals of C.mada shall, in times;  of peace, be closed against all vessels   of   war.  If the new year relegates Joe Martin to  oblivion, the people of British Columbia will  take their chances with all the evils the year  may bring forth.  A New York physician says, apropos of  several "kleptomania" episodes of the season,  that kleptomania is a fraud and that in 99  cases out of a 100 where this defense is set up, it  is really plain stealing. If any clemency is  to be shown to this sort of thing it seems as  if justice should lean toward those who steal  from actual hunger ^ and cold, rather than  those who set up the plea of mere moral incapacity to restrain themselves.  The London News is authority for the  statement that the Czar is busily pushing forward his peace proposition���and his troops���  into China, and it looks as though he would  prefer to establish himseif in that direction  before the pe* ce proposition is made unanimous. With this advance of the Russian  forces Alexander is supplying the Chinamen  with discarded Russian guns arid ammunition  at the low rate, which may also be a move in  the direction of peaee, according to the  Russian idea.  Latterly all the employes of the Hudson  Bay Company were caught young, says a  writer in Blackwood's Magazine ; only lads  born in the solitudes of the Highlands could  habituate themselves to the life of loneliness ;  only constitutions of iron, hardened under  hereditary conditions, could endure so tremendous a strain. It was essential that the  brain powe of the factors should be unimpaired, and that their energies should rise superior  to the depressing surroundings���in fact, that  the man must be all there when a sudden call *  was made on his mental resources. It may be  assumed that the first adventurers consisted  chiefly of Englishmen, although the Scottish  invasion of England had set in with the accession of King James. But it is certain that  afterward, both with the Hudson Bay Co. and  its Canadian rival, the names of factors  traders, and prominent partisans, with scarcely an exception, were Scottish. The story of  trade and discovery in the North-West reads  like a muster roll of the clans, arid mainly of  the northern clans of the second order. There  are MacTavishes, MacGillivrays, McKays^  McLellands, McDougalls, with Frasers an  Stuarts, and the French Frobishers. A Mac  kenzie, a Fraser, and a Thompson gave their  names to as many mighty rivers. That came  in the natural course of things. The company found its best recruiting grounds in the  Highlands, and enlisted the martial   spirit of THE ECONOMIST  &  r  t  &  I  1/3  the mountaineers for  & country where local  fends were forgotten.  The Provincial Legislature will convene on  January 5th.    It is expected that the various  election petitions will be settled at that  time.  The election in Cowiehan takes place  today.  The contestants are Mr. W. R. Robertson, who  was elected last July by a large majority, and  , Mr. C.   B.   Sword,   who was defeated   by R.  McBride in Dewdney at the last general ��lection.      The   election  petitions   against. Mr.  Prentice, of East  Lillooet, and   Mr.  Deane,  North Yale, both government, will be tried on  January 4.    The petition against  Mr. Prentice will   be tried  before  Mr. Justice  Drake,  and that against Mr. Deane will come up before Mr. Justice Walkem.    Mr. Neill, government, has resigned  again,  and  likewise Mr.  Helgesen,    which    leaves    the     government  now in a minority.    Until  the petition cases  are settled it is impossible to say whether the  present  government will   be able" to elect a  speaker or   not.    Just   now   there   are   dissensions in the government ranks.    The Vancouver Province, the personal organ of Joseph  Martin, is   criticizing the   Finance  Minister,  and incidentally taking a flingat the Premier.  The   Finance   Minister  is the owner of the  News-Advertiser, and the Province accuses him  of using his   own  paper, "for  the  purpose of  advancing.his own prestige   at the expense of  his colleagues."    The Province treats Mr. Sem-  lin with a bout, the same amount of consideration, and it is but reasonable to suppose that  these attacks on his colleagues if not inspired  are at least condoned by Joseph Martin.    The  situation of affairs in  the Government  party  is that of a house divided against itself, which  must result in the inevitable collapse sooner or.  later.    If it   should happen  that the present  government should be defeated on its first vote  or at any time during the session, it would be  overwhelmingly submerged on an appeal to the  country.    The high-handed manner in   which  the affairs of the country have been conducted  since Mr. Martin came into office has  roused  the resentment  of  the people.   Igaorance of  prevailing  conditions:   has    been   the   most  marked   feature  -of    Ms    administration   of  a ffairs, and. the situation   ofthe different departments of government are such as to cause  alarm.    'The "economy"   which  Mj. Martin  has forced upon  us has been  of a brand that  will work great injury.    Indeed, it has  come  to that pass that no  official  who  values his  self-respect will submit longer to the penny  wise pound foolish policy of Hon. Joseph Martin.  appreciate  the  action of th��  administration  * Some months ago Miss  Wickham, the  principal of   the  Greenwood  school, became   ill.  During her illness she engaged Mrs.  Flood to  take charge of the school.    Before Miss Wickham had  fully recovered  she   was offered   a  position in the Nelson schools, which  she accepted.    As soon as Miss Wickham's resignation was received by  the trusteei, they  made  every effort to secure another certified teacher,  but a   month had   expired   before  they   were  able to  secure one. . In   the   meantime   Mrs.  Flood  consented   to  teach   until a  certified  teacher was secured.    She did   so.    Had   she  not done so the school would have been closed.  The education department refused to pay Mrs.  Flood any  salary for the month, raising the  point that she was not a certified teacher.   We  are not quarreling with the law  in the  case.  The law is   all right, but  the justice is  a different matter.    However,   we tender our congratulations   to  the government for   having  found another  avenue  in  which.to continue  its reign of economy.    The public interests are  more important   than those of  the lady   who  generously   offered    to , take   charge   of    the  Greenwood school until  a certificated   teacher  could be secured.      Really if the  governmer t  continues to show so much enthusiasm  in the  interest* of economy,   the province of Ontario  : will soon take a secondary place so far as surpluses are concerned."  great many  companies in   which these prac*  tices obtain, and gives the names of noblemen  who  are acting  as figure-head  directors, and  who are known to be interested as   promoters  in   many questionable  schemes.    In  the Re*-  view's list   there are  60   peers  and ltO  com;  panies, having   a   combined capital   of $320,-  000,000.    Of this amount, $270,000,000 represents capital   of companies that  have  never  paid a   penny in dividends,  either in cash or  script.    One  nobleman,   Earl   Donoughmorej  has assisted in the fo rmation oi 14 companies  having a combined capital of $14,000,000, only  one of which has  paid   a dividend and  which  w >rks out at  the rate of three-tenths of  one  per cent,  on the total.    At the ordinary  rate  of  fees paid directors,  Donoughmore received  more for attending  meetings than   the shareholders did in dividends.    The same, says the  Review, applies to several other "guinea-pigs."  The-Vernon News complains that   the Sem-  lin   government   has subjected    the   settlers  around   Marato    serious    inconvenience   and  grave injustice   by   failing   to   complete   the  bridge acio.s�� thiejiver  this winter,    All  the  necessary timber is oh the ground, and it only  remains to put on a few stringers and lay. the  floor of the bridge.      It would hot  take .more  than three or four   hundred   dollars   to  complete this work, but although the   matter   has  been forcibly brought to the attention  of  the  chief commissioner of  lands   and   works,   he  has not seen fit to have it done.    In the meantime the ranchers of Mara  are  compelled   to  haul their hay to   Enderby at   a   heavy   expense, and as it is during  the  winter  season  that the bridge would be of the  most use   to  the  public, it  is   not  unnatural   that   they  should   complain   bttterly   of    this    neglect.  The Neivs   further   mentions as an  example  of the fine system of economy pursued   by the  new government that the pay of  the  laborers  working on the bridge was   reduced   to $1.75  per day.     Truly   the  Semlin  administration  must be anxious to make a record !  "Bystander "    writes     as ; follows" in   regard     to    the    Peace    Commission :     "The  Spanish Peace Commissioners have gone home  from Paris with   their   doleful   report   of   inevitable submission to overmastering  wrong.  It can hardly be expected that they and their  compatriots   should yet  see   that there is   a  silver lining to the cloud and the last   day of  empire may  be  the   first   day of a  healthy  nationality.     One is glad for their   sakes   to  see that the wrong whch they, resent   most   is  that which is done their honor by the calumny  about the Maine.      If   in   this  business any-  thing could be   more  revolting than  the  iniquity,  it was   the  infamy.    The  epithet   is  surely not too strong when it is applied to the  reiteration,   for  an   infamous purpose, of    a  slander ofthe foulest kind by   those   who  are  perfectly conscious of its falsehood.     The consciousness of President McKinley is  betrayed  by his faltering pen."  .TuKBouridary Greek Times, published at  Greenwood B. C, by Mr. Duncan Ross, has  issued a holiday number equal te anything of  the character ever attempted in British Columbia. The edition contains twepty-two  pages of carefully prepared matter concerning  the resources of th�� Boundary Creek country,  and should prove of great benefit to that district. We congratulate Mr. Ross on his enterprise.  The following- is from the  Boundary  Creek  Times, a paper always opposed to the  Turner  government, but  which  apparently  finds the  new regime not up to expectations: " The new  provincial   government    has   found   another  ^ prious opportunity to economize,    This time  the   aggregate   expenditure   for   the   public  schools of the province  has been curtailed   by  the sum of $55.    When the circumstances con-  n��i  ed with   the  brilliant  economical   stroke  are understood the general  public will  fully  The Chicago Financial Review declares war  against what it terms to be England's  "guinea  pig" peers, and. their connection  with  mining  and other schemes.    The Review refers  to the  Hooley disclosures of payments to members of  the nobility to become figure-head directors of  his companies, and   which formed   one of  the  sensational   features in   the  early  hearing of  his case.    But it seems that one-tenth part of  the swindling practices, as now carried  on in  England, Scotland, Ireland   and elsewhere in  Europe   was   not   revealed.    It   instances   a  This is the season of the year when it is  considered the proper thing for everybody to  make general gaol delivery of their consciences and open a new account in the Book  of Life. The pipe and flowing bowl are ��on-  signed to oblivion���for a fortnight at least.  Capital for the British Columbia, Dawson  City Telegraph company,   on   the   board   of  which ar�� Sir James Grant  and  Sir  Adolphe  Caron, has been subscribed, and   preparations  for building the line  will*b��gin immediately.  Ten hotel licences were granted by the city  license commissioners of Grand Forks at their  sitting last week. Business must be looking  up in Grand Forks. 4  THE ECONOMIST.  A SMUGGLING YARN.  <~ V  New Year's Adventure on the   St.  Lawrence  River.  The Canadian revenue cutter Dominion slouched  ominously up and down the south coast, of An to-  cost!,'poking an ice covered nose into every bay arid  cove along, the coast as she went. It was New  Year's day and bitterly cold in the gulf. Officers  and men (there were not a dozen all told)t cheerfully cursed the Cape Gaspe lighthouse keeper, who  had sent a crazy dispatch up to Quebec with some  nonsense about a smuggled, cargo of brandy.  But the inland revenue department at Ottawa  knew a few hundred barrels of French brandy had  lately found ifa way into the country, and it had its  suspicions.   So when the Gaspe information came  up to Quebec Captain. Armstrong was sent down  with a three-pound gun to look into the matter.    I  happened to be spending my Christmas vacation  with the captain, so he told me to come along, as  there might be "some excitement.    But New Year's  on the lower St. Lawrence I found was not a thing  to be longed for, and wTe both called the   inland  revenue department some very bad names as we  paced the Dominion's icy little deck.   The captain,  nevertheless, was keeping his weather eye.open .for  a black tug with a fed funnel, known as the Rosalie  L.,.and supposed to be making tip the gulf for Ste.  Anne des Morites with 60 barrels of French brandy  on board.  I never felt such raw, benumbing,yparalyzing  cold.. For three days our search for smugglers had  been fruitless. In fact, no kind of craft cared to  pass either up or down the gulf in such weather.  JLt was on the afternoon of New Year's day that  a fishing smack ran lip alongside and reported that  a black tug with a red funnel had been seen coming up the gulf.. So we .slipped away from. Anti-  costi and" weiit churning westward for the south  mainland,A Revenue cutters are not made for loaf-  ing,_andthe Dominion.was making her 15 knots  an fibur unfit a fog blew up the gulf aud caused us  to.shut,downHo quarter speed.  We/were shivering on deck in that great white  gulf foglateih the afternoon, when from the south-  wes.t. we heard the sudden report of a signal gun.  This was followed by three short blasts of a siren.  The T)ondihion sped ahead under full steam, and  we forgot the cold. Two men stood in the bow and  strained their eyes through, the white mist that  him glover us like a blanket.  A Ten minutes later the lookout cried, " Open boat  ahead!" Under our bows 20 feet ahead a small  bdait tosse&'up and down on the waves.  14 Port! Hard port!" cried the captain. Before  the wheelsman could swing her round and stop  the engines we had swept past the tiny craft. The  one man In the boat dropped his oars and iightiy,  waved his hand to us as we lunged past and lost,  him in the fog. He certainly was not trying to escape.  We lay to, and in a couple of minutes the boat  pulled up alongside.  The crew ofoneclimbed nmibly On board.    He  was a little dark skinnedAFrenchman, with twink-y  ling black1 eyes and a turned up nose;   He doffed  bis;heavy   coonskin  cap with great grace as  he  stepped on deck and bowed.  u Ah, m'sieurs, iii is A the first of the good year.  Permit; me, to wish you all, m'sieurs, the complimentsof theseason." Again the little man bowed,  smiled and showed a row of good white teeth. He  spoke English with astounding flnency for a habitant. ._.   . -. , .   :.,...: I  Ou r captain feturhed his saiuration.  . ?" What is your /hauie,  sir, and your ship,"  he  asked.  "Ah, my name! Pardon me, m'sieurs. It is  Pierre Baptiste Delorme of Ste< Anne de Montes.  What do you call him���pilot, fisherman, trappeur,  m'sieurs, and lumberman."  -Again the cheerful little man bowed. The captain started at the name and took a letter from his  greatcoat pocket. He went up to the little Frenchman.1;' ���-,-.....<...������..  " And smuggler, P ierre Baptiste Delorme," said  the captain. The idea was absurd. The little fellow laughed, uproariously, took a flask from his  coonskin coat pocket, and gallantly passed it  around.    It was filled" with fine French brandy.  r1,1, Ajb,Ano, m'sieurs;" he said, taking a deep  drink. " I have^my wife and the little Pierre and  Baptiste "at home, and fishing is better than this."  Heypointed toward the three pound gun.  Once   more   through   the fog the   signal  gun ,  sounded, followed by the whistle.  ^iWhat ship .is that?" asked the captain. Xi  "Oh, that is the Rosalie F., m'sieur with codfish  for Three Rivers."  "Codfish!" said the captain. "And what is the  gun for?"  The little man shrugged his shoulders. "The  fog is very thick, m'sieur."  The captain wentto^the wheel.    "Do you know  these waters~well,~M. Delorme?"    .  ;; >"Know them!"   A smile spread over the Frenchman's, bearded lips.,.;' Yes;: m'sieur^ from a, boy;"  "Andrews1, give this gentleman'the wheel," said  . the captain ^A"He shall take us to this  Rosalie l?.  at;onqe^   I want to look OVer,that codfish." r The  captain'threw open hisA bearskin coat and showed  his uiiiform.    "On! her majesty's service!" he added  significantly^   y.      Ayr/^y ���-. X'' f A 'a -u'X'^XXj :.  The    little   Frenchman    again   shrugged,   his  shoulders,;    then^    laughed:    < "With '���   pleasure,  m Jsieurj''   He stepped ligh tly i n to the, pi lothouse  arid spun round 'the wheel with airy nonchalance.  The captain stood beside him watching.  '/Aren't you running her a few points off; on the  south?" he asked ^ studying the chart.  The Frenchman laughed^uneasily. "M'sieur; I  was born on these waters,'? he said simply.  I was oh the bow beside the lookout. Suddenly  theywihd came up and the fog lifted. There, 200  yards away, towered the great; rocky shore of the  lower St.A Lawrence. Our,. pilot was deliberately  runningusviipon therocks!'-^Ay/yyA/^. ;  The,captain sprang forward and signaled "Reverse engines!." Half a mile up the river lay a  black tug with a red funnel; and a six^bared boat  was plying between her .and the shore^ y  The c^jptaih and the Frenchman looked at each  other, but neither spoke for a moment. Then the  little Frenchman laughed uneasily and spun  round the wheel. "Oh-h-h!" he cried, with mock  distress.y: "Iwas mistaken/ m'sieur, after all!1'  Tlie captain's hand was^oriyhis pistol. Yet he  could hot help smiling.  We had no sooner swung slowly round than the  black tug picked up the .open boat and scurried  away. In two minutes we went after tier. Snow  began to fall, and the early midwinter twilight set  in, but still the chase kepfcup.v a -.j-,:-,.  Finally we put a ball across the black tug's bow.  Her only retort was a rifle shot that splintered our  pilothouse, and madeA the AFrenehmah say something under his breaith. Our next shot was in  earnest and caught her just above the water line.  We could see the crew runuing hurridly about,  while the tug turned and run head on,for land. A  shot or two sang oVer our heads. Then a boat put  out from her and rnade for the shores.  When we came alongside the Rosalie LiV, it was  almost dark. We found only a rod funnel showing above the water. An empty cask Abated past  lis with the tide.  "Ah, the rascals, ni'sieur!" cried the little  Frenchman."It is a brandy cask!"  The captain laughed. He had doue bis work  and could afford to laugh. A boat wa* lowered,  and half a dozen men raced merrily after the disappearing cask. Darkness had fallen by the time  they got back, and the burden was hauled up oh  deck. ; Jt is always the duty of,a revenue officer:to  ascertain the nature of the goods he has conris-  canted. The captain stove in the bunghole, and  did so. It was a barrel of the finest brandy ever  shipped out of Cognac. It may not have been  necessary for all the crew to verify the captain's  decision, but they did so.  "Wait," said the captain. "M. Pierre Baptiste.  Delorme���where is he? We must drink the rascal's  .health,;'/..      i:  But M. Pierre was not to be seen. We rushed to  the stern where the little dory had been tied only  to hear the. sound of his oars as he slipped away  through the night.  "Halt!" challenged the captain, "Halt there,  or twe fire!"      s   A. .  A rifle shot or two rang out on the cold night  air. Then a mocking voice came back across the  water. "Au re voir, m'sieurs, and a happy new year  to yur all!" And the smoothest little smuggler on  the St. Lawrence slipped away in the darkness.  Arthu�� J. Stringer.  MEN AND WOMEN.  Cascade has been made a sub-port of entry.  The force on the Comstock has been slightly increased.  P. Burns has placed seven men more at work on  the Minnehaha.  Sandon exported 386 tons of ore last  week and  Three Forks 318.  The question of dividing the Territories into  provinces will be considered at the-forth coming  session of the Northwest Legislature.  Mr. Chamberlain once wrote a play. That was  in the days of his youth, and it; needless "-to add,  was unacted.    N.ow,..w:e-.are ,.told he is writing a  I)61itical novel, at,the inspiration of Mrs. Chaniber-  ain.;'-'yys ������������;...; y-':*���:���-. y.': ������;;������.������:���������:.*. ".r ���:: ���".'; . ;������.������:   y   -.,;���'���  yRIiss (irace Hawthorne is, it is true; ho longer hi  the first blush of youthvbut it wasAcertiiinly-nioist  ungallant of"thatmoney-lender, against whom she  hasjust brought ah action, to refer to her in open  court-as'/'n^'c^ic^nV^'/yL/rviyy \X-r.X'J::Xi:'X.:\ X.-\ '.'.  .The Duchess Serge is agreat (favoriteyrwithvy tlie  Queen, y She is, in disposition and appearance,  very- much like her mother; the late Princess  Alice. -She always ^dresses/ with/ great, taste, and  possesses some match less jewels.  Sir Edmiind Monson, served an apprenticeship  at .Washington. ' He was private secretary to Lor<l  Lyons from 1858 to 1863, the critical .years of the  Civil War, He was also arbitrator, of.the '/Butter-.-  field blaim between the United States and Den-  ���markrin 1890.;; / :/<.^{ :/r/.y/,;���    A.,;: ��� ��� ./   . v/;��� >' -y/y  ��� MajorrGerieral Sir William yButler, who has just  been apppihted the late General Goodenough's  successor,- has a very talented - wife. Lady Butler  is better known! in theart; world as Miss Elizabetli  Thompson, and is .the painter of the famous "Roll  Call'���' and other battle pictures. - ; / 7J        = a ?    ;  -:-  The old adage,?f< kiss and never tell,f is generally  admitfed to -be a good one.,but it apparently has n<>  weight with the seaman Deignan, who helped  ALieutenant Hbbsonr to sink the Merrimac. He  says he was kissed by 200 girls in one week, and  by the prettiest, girls in Iowa, too. ;I forget how  many young ladies Lieutenant Hobsoh himself  admitted-to .having been kissed by, but I know  that he ungallantly^admittedto several.  It is announced that Mr. L.Z. Leiter, of Chicago, the father-in-law of Lord Ourzon of Kedieston,  the new Viceroy, of India, paid for the Indian oufc-  fit of Lord and Lady C.urzon. Lady Curzon enters  upoh her duties with a" trousseau of uhprecedehted  niagnificence, while Mr. Leiter presented Lord  Curzon with three official durbar conference cloaks,  of the finest velvet and gold, in-pale blue, ruby and  white, each with the ��>tar of India in gol i a n'd dia-  niohdsA' ."        . y, y./;-.  Ex-Q,ueeh Liiluokalarii, of Hawaii, is rnaking a  claim against the United States government on account of crown lands, which, she, says, are worth  $5,000^000. I presume her dusky Majesty will be  glad to accepticohsidejably less than this; but the  U��iited States government, which fy&B treated her  very badly can afford to be generous. In Washington society "Queen Lil" as she is called, is really  quite popular, the usual exception to color being  excused in her case.  The: fortunes of the Gladstone family were  founded on the slave trade, and they-are now maintained in no small part by the production of  whisky. The Mountain Dew distilled by the  Gladstones at Fettercairn is one of the best whiskies made in the three kingdoms. The property  was acquired nearly a century ago by Gladstone's  father, wholived in great state and never drove out  except with four horses^ and outriders. Sir  Thomas, the elder brother*of the statesman, who  succeeded him, was a Tory of the most patrician  ;kind._. ;  The death is announced of James Tyson, the  richest man in Australia. The deceased was  seventyrfive years old, and   started in life as^ an  . overseer in the mines at a salary of $150 per year.  The beginning of Tyson,s wealth is traced back to  ���1853, when he started a butchering business with  his savings. This he carried on with great success  until 1855; when he purchased large tracts of land  for sheep raising. This brought him such immense  wealth that many years ago he was able to offer the  government of Queensland a loan of $2,000,000, and  in 1892, at a time of great financial strain for the  colony, her took up $1,500,000 of Treasury bills in  order Xo assist the Government.  Following close upon the heels of the announcement of Sir William Vernon Harcourt's resignation ....  as leader of the English Liberal party comes the  news of the engagement of his son, Lewis Vernon  Harcourt, to May Ethel Burns, of New York.  Young Harcourt is almost as familiar a figure at  iWestminster as his father. He is the son of Sir  William's first wife, who died in 1863, the year in  which Lewis was born. He is familiarly called  "Lulu" by his family, although there is nothing  feminine about him. He is tall, a��nd athletic  The bride's father was a member of the famou  Anglo-American banking house of J. S. Morgan &  Co^. She lives with her mother in a fine old house,  > THE ECONOMIST  WHAT IS' A GENTLEMAN ?  Julian Ralph gives some definitions of the word  "gentleman7'as he thought he found it understood  among Englismen, in the Cosmopolitan, and John  Brisbeh Walker in a very short and inadequate  half-page article discusses the question, "What is  the American idea of a Gentleman?" Short as is  his treatment of the subject it is not so brief as the  reply of a Toroutonian who, when 'asked what  makes a man a gentleman in Canada, said: "A  swallow-tail coat." But this person was in a bitter state of mind at the time.  Julian Ralph says that there are-two bodies in  England that affect little or no respect for the nobility���the considerable body of socialists and a  body of cads. You can suspect both. The Radicals inveigh against the? titled class at meetings  over which;they haVe net succeeded in'getting a  nobleman Or knight; to preside. The cans affect to  : despise rank^biit follow after titled persons'whenever perrnitted to do so. |He doesnot object to the  honest feeling of the-English people towards rank,  and only complains of those who pretend to be  Radicals and Kepublicans while they are nothing  ofthe sort. "The English all love a lord," he  says, but we will let Mr. Ralph tell the rest of it in  his own way :  I was at AHenley once during the regatta, and  was in company that included a lord. We were  rowing in several boats, and the lord, who was  ahead, took the wrong route around an island.  The ladies in my boatbade me to call to him to  come back. "But what shall I call?" I asked,  "shall I yell, 'My lord'?"  "Oh, for heaven^s sake, no," said one ; "ifyou  call him a lord put loud the whole mob of people  on the river ban^k will giiy him. But do calf him  something, quick." SoXcalied as;I would have  done in America: '<�� say, Campbell, not that  way.'' Afterward T told him of my plight and he  said, "What youyflid was exactly the thing."  "Why would^ theyv have guyed you if I had  called you a lord?'' ^Tasked.  "Because," said he, >*they would not have believed I was one, or they would have thought you  were advertising me. They would have kuown  something was -wrong."  At a.great university I was breakfasting at the  table of the faculty. Several exceptionally bright  memberswere around the table and we were all  very mferry and at ease. Suddenly a professor  entered, evidently excited, and said: "Lord Bulwark (a famous man and member of the government) is here. He was put up in young So-and-  So's room .by the dean last, night. Me'll be into  breakfast in a minute."  This lord was a graduate of that college and was  down there for what we   call the commencement  exercisesiV   His mere presence spoiled the breakfast  and comfort of half the faculty, so greatly d id they  Ahold him in awe.  "Oh, pshaw!" exclaimed one professor. "That  cheats me out of my breakfast. I'll gulp this  coffee down and get out/7  '' Why do you want to go away?" asked the man  next to him. y  "Oh, Isha'n'tbe comfortable. I think I'll slip  away."    '  "I'll go, too." said another.  "And I too," said a third.  Only three of us remained, and we went on talking. The subject was the American presidential  contest. The door opened to let in the dean and a  man with a large, round, pleasant face.  "What you don't understand," said. I, "is that  we elect a platform rather than a man. It doesn't  matter much what McKinley's views were or are  about silver or anything else. 'He must accept the  platform of the convention that nominated him  and he must abide by it."  "Why, that's quite new," naid the big man, who  was of course the expected Cabinet Minister.  "May I be introduced to this gentleman?" This  being done, he added, "I should like to hear more  about that. We think we elect platforms or  policies here, and sometimes find out our mistake.  -But there  are  many things I should like to   ask  you."   ..'  After that he fell into the conversation, and as he  told me much that was important about affairs in  which liis"governmeiit and   mine were concerned,  I imagine the talk was  interesting oh   both   sides.  AHe acted and talked like a sensible, modest,  plain  .man,and I treated hini as I  would wish to treat a  c.tsual acquaintance anywhere���on an omnibus  or  in a drawing room.    Hours afterward he saw me in  the college grounds and came up and  asked me, to  visit him in London.    We drew* aside and   talked  again for a while.    To me-this   was  all quite na-  tural and cominon-plac*1   but not so   to the others.  ButAwlmt a. marked   hAngeit made in  my en-  1 vinmmeiit! r I had come there as the acquaintance  of ���in*- gentleman- and   now I   found  myself   the  friend of all the  college.    "Hi*   Lordship  invited  v������" to visit him, didn't he?"    "You had atalk with  Lord Bulwark, didn't you?" "I hear you have  greatly interested Lord Bulwark?*' Everyone  brought this up, and everyone, including those  who had scarcely noticed me before, was anxious to  do me every kindness. Believe me, admiration for  royalty and the nobility is bred in the bone in  England. And precisely as a man who feels',that  he is a gentleman renders homage to a higher  rank, so he prizes his own standing.  New Year's Bells.  :..-..�� .a  Ring in the new year with gladness,  Ring out the old with a tear;  There's always a feeling of sadness  As we witness the death of a year,  A-year so swift in its fleeting/  With sorrow we watch its last hour,  Then give the new one a greeting  From the bells In each steeple and tower.  A'sigh for the year that is dying,  A tear where the memory dwells,  Then banish the past with its sighing  And list for the voice ofthe bells  The song of thanksgiving arid pleasure  That welcome the birth of an honr.  The soul stirring vibrating measure,  That rolls out from each steeple and tower.  Afar o'er the night shadowed city  The surges of harmony roll.  In anthem triumphant or ditty,  They lighten the sorrowing soul.  A voice from each country and nation  Responds to the jubilant hour  And joins in the wild exultation  Ofthe bells in each steeple and. tower.  A thought lor the dead, "calmly sleeping,  Below in earth's dreary gloom;  No song of thanksgiving or weeping  Can pierce their dull ears in the tomb  But above, where all heaven rejoices,  And heralds with praise every hour,  They greet with sweet welcome the voices  That ring out from each steeple and tower.  ���Boston Globe,  Australian Finances.  The seven Australian colonies, comprising New  South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania and New Zealand, it appears, from  statements made at a meeting of bankers, held in  London recently, had a total indebtedness, in 1878,  of $320,446,200, which, in 1888, had grown to $811,-  829,000, $228 per head ofthe population.. In 1888,  Canada/according to the year book/had a gross  debt of $284,513,842. or $60.73 per head. At the end  of December, 1896, the Australasian debt had  grown to $1,090,393,000, or $253 per head. At the  close of the official year ending March, 1897, Canada's gross debt was $332,53.0,131, or only $64; 12 per  head of our population. In 1886 the Imperial debt  W��s ��742,282,400, decreasing in 1896 to ��640,773,060,  or about $78.25 per head of the population of Great  Britain and Ireland. This enormous indebtedness  has been incurred almost entirely in connection  with the construction of railways and other public  works, more or less remunerative, which is not,  however, the case in Great Britain, her railroads,  }lve those in Canada, being built by private enterprise.  " A pair of gloves,  Two perfect, lovea,  She dropped her umbrella,  The while the clerk  With maudlin smirk,  A 'kerchief tried to sell her.  " Floor walker saw,  With outstretched paw,  He quickly stepped to detain her,  But she's a swell;  A prison cell?  Dear no, 'tis Kleptomania !"  Sixty men are working on the Cariboo.  Twenty men are employed on the  Emily Edith.  A Masonic lodge has been organized at Sandon.  A Visit to London.  ��� j<"  An American traveller visiting London tells the  following ftory of his ,experieuces,���in that city to  the English correspondent of the New York Mail  and Express :       J/ ���   i'i \      - ��\  " I got to London in a fog, and as.my horizon of  vision for three days;\was confined- to about six  blocks, I came to. the; conclusion that I l\an seen  all London in about 60 hours~ and that"if"was the  most overestimated town I had ever struck. I  clasped my hand to my head in front of the squatty  little office of Punch in Fleet street and seeing the  establishment that I had longed for years to see  was no bigger than a New York election booth, I  felt that I had lived in vain, t" "��** ly  "My wife had been hankering for oysters ever  since she landed,at Liverpool- and" I\ordered two  plates at a well, known restaurant. \They were  the most: coppery, unsavory things I ever ate.  The waiter served them/in the top shell instead of  the deep shell, and charged me $2 for the layout.  1 We are not eating oysters now.  "They s^y you can get more for a penny and less  for a pound in London than anywhere else in the  world. I know the latter part of the proposition is  true,.anyhow. When I break a $5 bill m Broadway I can generally manage to get as. far ..as the  Hoffman House with some change in my pocket.  When you change a sovereign in London;, for  dinner you want today aside a cab fare or walk home  when the night's over. You may depend there's  nothing left of of it. .  "I have also discovered .during my brief sojourn  in this country that there are two classes of  Americans in London. Que is the man who has  been all over the world arid seen everything worth  seeing. He is still an American in ..thought, .word  and deed; and while he. does not necessarily carry  an American flag on his coat, he makes ;nb}pre-  tentions to be anything he is not. The other is the  fellow who has been here six weeks, talks with an  affected drawl, tries to say" 'clark' for. /clerk,' and  doesn't know.how,and pretends,to.have.forgotten  the name of the State in which he was born... Pretentious and elaborate as the menus at the "Picca-  dilly restaurants are, I have found the essentials or  life are cheaper in England than anywhere I know.  While passing along the Strand yesterday-I; was  att acted by. the savory odor of freshly fried onions.  I was passing an unpretentious shop front. I  stopped and sniffed the welcome odor again,; and  behind the glass window stood a cook in white cap  and apron before a long range of shining pans. In  two other pans were chops, pork, and mutton, in  another sausages, iu another tomatoes and in another mashed potatoes. I could stand it. no longer,  I went in and ordered chops, potatoes, onions, roll  and butter and half a pint of bitter ale. I had been  walking and I was hungry. I do not know when  I enjoved a meal more. My bill was elevenpence,  and! felt that the $2 oyster bill was avenged."A.  w - - -   - ���       ........  It is estimated that all the gold mines in the  world have this year increased their total production of the precious metaZAby 80 per cent, compared with the entire production ofthe world five  years ago. The director of the mint estimates that  this year's increase of production in South Africa,  Australia and America, will exceed that of 1897 by  $45,000,000.  The holiday business in Nelson has been  most  satisfactory.  Count Michael von Kara ice Karnicki, the Czar's  chamberlain, has invented and perfected an; exceedingly clever apparatus for the prevention of  that bugbear of the nervous���a living burial. The  apparatus was offered as a gift to the French government, which still has its acceptance under consideration.  A tube protrudes four feet to four and a half feet  above the snrface of the grave, and upon the top of  it is fixed a small metal box with a spring lid.  To the lowor end of the tube, which just enters  the upper lid of the coffin, is fixed an India rubber  ball, charged pretty fully with air, so that the  slightest extra pressure upon it would cause a discharge of air upward through the tube and thereby  release the lid of the box, which springs open upon  the slightest pressured The opening or the lid  automatically raises a small flag and sets an electric  bell in motion, Vhich rings immediately over .the  grave and in the sexton's house, where it also releases a flap which indicates the grave over which  the box has opened. As will be seen, the slightest  sign of breathing on the part of the buried person,  or the slightest motion of the heart will suffice to  open the box, by a clever and intricate little  mechanism, pumps a sufficient quantity of air  down into the coffin to preserve the buried person  from suffocation while assistance is arriving.  Count Karnicki, it may be added, is firmly convinced that thousands of persons are buried alive  every year in a state of lethargy.  i'J'V'V'P"'"1 T*��  rrasrr  ��Tf- 6  THE ECONOM ST  For Healtli^:an(i  .<?*?,*y  ���rx��j��'  uying Elsewhere  Come in and   inspect   our   stock   of Carvers  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furnishings:  mporters of Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Brokers and Manufacturers'Agents.  Agents for Manitoba Produce Company,, Gold Drop Floiir,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Go's  Biscuits, Ktc.  B. C. P��� O. Box 498.  NOTIGE.  Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the  requirements of the Dominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plan  has been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company in the La nd Registry Offiee jn.th? C ty of Victoria, viz*'*     A  Plan,.Profile ana Book oi Reference, revised  location from 1-J5tli mile west of East boundary of British Columbia, westerly to 183.7th  mile, deposited 23rd Augnst, 1898, No. 565 B.  Dated the 5th day of December, 1898.  Drake, Jackson & Hrlmcken.  Solicitors for the Depositors.  Railway Notice  Notice is hereby gtvrn that pursuant to.the  requix-ements of the Dominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plans  have been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company, in the Land  Registry Office in the City of Victoria, vtz :���  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  branch/British Columbia Southern Railway.  Plan, Profile and Book if Reference, starting  at Nelson to a point 21.71 miles east, deposited.  5th October. 1898, No. 565 E.  Canadian Pacific Railway. Crow's Nest Pass  branch; British Columbia" Southern Railway,  Plan and Book of Reference of extra land for  station ground 179K miles west of Eastern  boundary, of British Columbia on norths-east  x4 of Section 25, Township ��� 10, Kootenay District, deposited 17th November, 1898, N'o. 565 H..  .Victoria, B.C., 22nd November. LS98.  .;..��� Dbakb, Jackson* Hblmckbn,  , Solicitors for Depositors.  NOTICE.  Notice   is   hereby given that application  will be made to the Legislative Assembly of  the Province of British Columbia at  its next  session by theBritisn  Columbia Telephones,  Limited, (a Company incorporated in England under the Companies Acts,  18.62 to K9:->,  Imperial), hereinafter called "the Compauy,"  or, "the said Company," for an Act confirming and conferring upon it the powers of "the  said Company," as the same appear in   the-  Memorandum of   Association  deposited  in  England with  the Registrar of Joint Stock  Companies; and giving "the said Company"  power    to    acquire,    exercise,     and     take  over  all   rights,    powers,    privileged,' franchises and assets held by the ','Ne.w Westminster and Burrard Inlet Telephone Company,  .Limited,", and   "The   Vtrubn   and    Nelson  ���Telephone Cbjnpany," and vesting the same  In   ���*' the    said     Company,'-.:   and    to     assume  the   liabilities' entered   into   by.the  aforesaid.companies, and for the conferring,  wpoti "th.e said Company" the power,  to purchase,    lease,     take    over,    or     otherwise  acquire, the    rights,   privileges,  franchises,  powers   and. assets   of   any     company    in  any part of the Province of British Columbia .  having:  similar objects   "to  the company,"  and to amalgamate with such other company  or. companies aiid to operate  and carry on  the   -business    of   the   aforesaid    company  or  companies,    so    acquired   or   to   be acquired and for the conferring upon  Company"   of all such powers as  necessary .to ' fully and completely carry...on  and operate the works aforesaid,  or any of  them, and of other powers.  .Dated this 30th day of November, A. D. 1898.  MCPHXLXIPS <& W.II/LIAMS,  Solicitors for Applicants.  "the said  may    be.  A Disclaimer.  (To the Editor.)  Sir,���To-day's Miner gives what purports to. be  a report of several questions and answers put to  and made by me with reference to the request of  its representative for   a copy  of the city's  voters/  list.  When application was first made and repeated  at short intervals, I had not had time to prepare  the list from the one as revised and corrected, and  as soon as I had prepared it, I, following the usual  course, placed it in the printer's hands, and in  doing- so the request of the Miner, for leave to copy  it was not present in m3r mind.  The Miner wanted something out of the usual  course, and because it did not get it, has thought  right to invent a number of questions and put  answers in my mouth which I did not make.  I have always been willing to show every courtesy to the press and to give it any information  consistent with my duty.  Yours obediently,  J. K. Strachan.  Robt. Green, M. L A., was in the city last evening-  F. B. Pendleton, an old  timer of Cherry Creek,  near Kamloops, died last week.  George Thurman,   brother of  W. A.  Thurman,  tobacconist, has arrived in Nelson.  A petition is being circulated requesting Mr,  George Neelands to offer himself for Mayor" at the  forthcoming municipal election.  A mining school is  to be established   at Kamloops, with A. J. Colquhoun in charge.  As a recognition of the inestimable services rendered to civilization in giving Moyie City a post-  office Postmaster-General Mulock will be knighted  by the Queen.  The sixth annual convention of the North-west  Fruit Growers' Association, pursuant to a resolution at the last annual meeting in Portland, Oregon, will be held at the city of Spokane, Washington, from Tuesday, January 24th, to Saturday,  January 28th, inclusive. A This meeting should be  of special interest to the members of the association  from the fact that on February 12th, 1894, at Spokane, the organization was perfected.  . Lord Strath'cona has endowed the New Royal  Victoria College for women with a million^dollar  fund.  The Kooteney Teacher's Institute will be held in  Nelson public school building Monday and Tuesday of next week.  The most important matter before the city  council at its last meeting was the selection of a  place in which to hold the nominations and polling  places for the municipal election. The third reading of the curfew by-law was laid over till next  meeting.  Toys, Toys, Toys- Thomson Stationery  Co-, Ltd-  The installation of officers of the Nelson, Boss-  land and Kaslo Masonic lodges took place last evening in  the  Nelson   Masonic   Hall.    There  were  present in addition to the sixty members of the  Nelson lodge, 30 from Rossland, 19 from Kaslo and  nine from   Sandon.     The installation of the officers was   conducted by the R. W.  Brother J. A  Turner, assisted  by the .V, W.  Bro. Dr.   Quinlan  and by the W. Bro. G. L. Lennox.    The following  are the names of the Nelson   Masonic Lodge wno  were installed last night:    W.   Bro.   Dr.  E.   C.  Arthur, W. M.; W. Bro.   G.  Johnston, I. P.  M.;  Bro. A. E. Hodgins, S. W.; Bro. E. A.  Crease, J.  W.; Bro. G. L. Lennox, Secretary; Bro. W. B. Hoi-  lard, Treasurer; Bro. Re\vR. Frew, Chaplain; Bfro.  H. E. Connon, S. D.; Dr. G. A. B. Hall, J. D.; Bro.  H. E. Beasley, S. S.;Bro. W. B. Shaw, J. S.;~Bro.  R. W. Day, Inner Guard, and Bro. Charles Maltfoy,  Tyler.   After the installation ceremonies a banquet was held at the Hume Hotel.  ���r^-���.-.. .     -..j  ��� ���  li��gTngrJ THE ECONOMIST.  4  i  T  s  ill  '%<*&*��/&/^/Q, <%/  Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No  Agents for  Victoria Goi^oxist  Seattle Times  S.. F. BUIiliETIN  S F. Cali,  NkjLsoist Economist  '���NEiiS'ois" Miner,..  Victoria Times  Toronto Mkiu and Emp.tr e  Toronto Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday World,  And Other Periodicals.  es and Tropical Fruits.  a Select Oyst  Oiympia Oysters.  BREAD, CAKES, PASTRY/ETC.  Fresh Daily From  W' 8 O  ELSON    BAKERY.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  c  ��* Merchants  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .    BRANCHES AT  TRAIL  THREE FORKS  ROSSLAND  SANDON  NELSON KASLO  SLOCAN C|TY  TOTAL  DAILY CAPACITY,8,200  BBLS  OGJIK HOilll and OGILiStJLM,  OG/LWE  -   OOMRANY  The Cheapest Place to Buy Christmas Cards,  Art Calendars,  X'mas Gifts, Writing Cases,.Purses, Wallets, Books  G. M. Leishman,  Victoria, Agent for British Columbia.  Turned Work, Brackets and  Satisfactio  ce Fittings.  Guaranteed.    Prices Reasonable.  AY."  Prospecting-in B. C.  One can scarcely pick up a newspaper nowadays  ���without reading something aboiit prospecting, or  duripgour sojourn through the numerous little  hamlets that are dotted here and there about this  beautiful picturesque country of British Columbia,  ���you very rarely hold a conversation with any person unless the subject is broached, remarks a wri-  ter in the B. C. Mining Journal.  Very few jDeople realize what this term prospecting implies and many are perfectly ignorant of its  proper meaning.    In Cariboo there are very few  what you may call legitimate   prospectors to-day,  not because money is scarce, but it is for the want  of pluck and energy, and a man without these two  necessary endowments had better turn and hit the  trail that will lead him to some other means of support, instead of mining.    It is only a man that has  tramped aud labored under a heavy pack   through  the rough thickly timbered -mountains, against all  kinds of difficulties, that knows the true definition  of the word prospecting.  .Everybody  knows .that  British   Columbia has  long ago. gained a reputation all the world over as   j  a mining country. -She lias more than once hurled   j  out millions  from   her  rippling  creeks and snow-   f  clad mountains, yet she is still able to step boldly   j  forth with outstretched arms inviting men to  try  their luck in her vast unprospected regions.    Not  to the cunning speculators who do  their prospecting around their firesides, contriving and plotting  as to how they can entice or implicate some single-  minded person into investing his money  in some  unreasonable wildcat scheme,   but  to   the honest  hard worker  who  is willing  to    tender    all   his  strength aud energies toward one direction, that is  prospecting by digging and searching and hoping  to be successful. This is the kind of prospoctor that  we want and who ought to be encouraged and supported to the uttermost.  Edward Farrer, the Canadian journalist,   has returned to Toronto.  Walter Askew is spending ..the  holidays  at the  coast.  The Hastings mills are being reconstructed and  will be ready for orders by March.  Application will be made to x^arliament for a  charter for a railway to run from Ashcioft to Q,ues-  nelle and Hazelton.  Robert Jaffray has returned to Toronto. In an  interview he said the Crow's Nest company's  property is attended with great success. They now  have fifty ovens working and are likely to have  two hundred next year. The present coke output  is eighty tons daily. Next year it is likely to be  over three hundred. The company is now furnishing Trail and Nelson smelters with fuel, and with  increased capacity will extend to operations across  the boundary.  South East Kootenay wants a better mail service. The Moyie Leader protests against the evident discrimination against that town, as shown by  the fact that although application was made for a  postoffice nearly a year ago, still nothing has been  done to give the relief sadly needed in postal mat-  tors.    Other places are also complaining.  Andrew C. Martin, who was compelled to pay  the costs of a divorce case at Victoria, may feel  thankful that he did not carry his oscillatory exercises to the extent of Richmond Hobson, the  American naval lieutenant, who kissed" 1G3 women  in one day in Chicago. But Victoria is not Chicago, even if it  has women   who have acquired the  kissing habit.  Purses    and    Wallets,   Choice    Goods,    Silver  Mounted, at Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.  Diaries   and  Calendars.     Thomson   Stationery  Co., Ltd.  Books for Presentation.   Thomson Stationery-  Co.Ltd, . 8  i v  THE ECONOMIST.  FOR HIS SAKE.  The twilight had deepened into dark-  Bess, and the fire was very low, bnt the  red glow from   the embers revealed the  solitary inhabitant of  the room  sitting  in  an  attitude  of hopeless  dejection.  There was   silence save  for the ticking  of the old  grandfather's  clock, and   to  Colonel Dalmaine the pendulum seemed  to beat out the refrain that was echoing  in his own mind, "Five hundred pounds,  five hundred pounds 1'A .Presently a red-  hot coal fell from the  grate and threw  a faint flicker  on  the  writing  table,  upon which was a photograph of a very  lovely girl in a silver frame.  "Oh, beauty!" said the colonel, with  a long drawn sigh, and a softened expression of infinite pity came over his  rugged features as he looked at the  beautiful girlish face. "Oh, beauty, iny  heart's dear queen I" And then a sob  broke the stillnessA of y the room, and  Travers Dalmaine bowed his head on  his hands and gave himself up to a paroxysm of silent agony.  Just  at. this  minute the  heavy oak  door was pushed noiselessly open and a  small figure softly entered the room and  crossed  to   the writing table.    A little  hand was laid on the colonel's arm and  a  little  voice  announced,   "Chappie's  here I" and  then   Dalmaiae  raised   his  head,   and    the   firelight   danced  with  glee, for the sad face now beamed with  love and tenderness as  he put one arm  round the little lad at his side and murmured,   "Chippie,   my   beauty's  little  boy.." ��� ?������:���-,a..  " 'Es, Chappie's  turn.    What for oo  kwy?"   demanded   the  baby voice, and  then, catching sight of ,the silver frame,  he added, softly, "Chappie's  movah���  Chappie's booful movah !" c  Then the little lad climbed on his father's knee and demanded a story. And  hand in hand Dalmaine wandered with  his   little  son   through   the   delightful  mazes ^of   fairyland,   forgetful   of  the  that  overwhelming weight  of   trouble  had come upon him.  As they sat thus the library door  opened and let in a flood of light from  the hall. A-p;. fell on the curly golden  head that nosiled near the iron gray  one, on the -sweet baby features and on  the -man's ragged, sun tanned face. It  was a touching picture that would  have appealed ' to any woman's heart,  .and a little- gleam of the sleeping womanhood   in  Beauty Dalmaine awoke   as  ^c-she i')aused on the threshold and watch-  ^ ed her husband and her little son. Both  turned, and then the child ran forward  to greet the beautiful young mother,  but she drew back, saying, "Be careful, child; you will crash my dress,"  and then daintily gathered up the shimmering satin train. But there was an  ache in the heart of the loving little  lad as he gazed at the faultless face  above him, and then a kind hand was  laid on his head, and his father said:  "You must run away now, Chappie.  I want mother. Good night, my son, "  and he stooped and kissed the sorrowful  littlo face with all the tenderness of a  woman.  "Fardle wants Chappie's movah, " the'  child repeated   to himself   as he ran up  the  stairs, and   then   the   library door  closed, and the husband  and wife were  alone.  "You'll   be  brief, Travers, because I  have   an   engagement," the cold, clear  voice rang out.  "To-night your engagement must fall  through.    1   have   much   to say, and   I  must sav it now. "  The colonel spoke with decision, and  it was   hard to   believe that he was the  same   man   who   had just   been telling  Chappie   such   wonderful    fairy   tales.  The tender smile had vanished, and his  usually stern   face   had assumed its severest expression.  " Pray sit down,'' he continued, pushing a cLiilr toward his wife, but Beauty'Dalmaine remained standing.  "K on sense, Travers. I can't postpone  tonight's engagement. We are going to  the chsy. Sir Arthur has had the greatest diiiicu-lty in getting the seats,: and  as he bas taken so much trouble I cannot put oil going."  "Theid are worse faults that can be  laid at your door, my child," her husband replied gravely. "You owe some  obedience to your husband, and tonight  I wish that you remain at home. I will  send an apology to Sir Arthur. " And  so saying he rang for the lights and sat  down to the writing table.  When the note had been duly dispatched, Colonel Dalmaine turned once  more to his wife. fShe looked wonderfully beautiful, but it was the beauty of  a statue. Her expression was cold and  proud, and her attitude was one of  haughty defiance. The severity died out  of Dalmaine's face and gave way to a  softer expression as he spoke.  "Did  you   hear*what  the   little on��  said? 'Fardie wants Chappie's mother.';*���  That w jus's it.    I want you, beauty.    I  want a little of the wifely love and tenderness that is nay due.    Wherever I go  I hear of Beauty Dalmaine's loveliness,  of her .sweetness, of   her. talents.     I am  .-the envy of. all   men, but if   they only  knew���if   they   only   knew���that   that  sweetness   is  reserved for  anyone but  her husband, that  those talents are not  used for  the   beautifying of  her home,  but to lure en other unfortunate men to  the same abyss  that was nay fate; that  her beauty, instead  of  being my pride  and joy, is the "cause of my most bitter  misery !   My child, I have excused you,  even   to  myself,  and   have,   moreover,'  blamed myself   in a great measure that  my love should not satisfy you.  Perhaps  I did wrong to marry you, a mere child  in comparison-with myself, but I loved  you/ Beauty, and I cannot see you rushing on headlong   to  your   ruin without  XDutting   every   obstacle   in   your   way.  Your name, the   name   of   Beauty Dalmaine, my peerless   wife,    is   on   every  tongue in London.   Am I to stand that?  Am I to   let   the   name   of   the-woman  whom I chose from among all others to  ,rnake my wife���am I to   let   that name  be dragged in the dust? Is the mother of  ray son   to   be   the  plaything  of   these  empty headed society men?   What am I  ���'asccas*'  oie  . "^" sT% /~v  S j"  w~* ��  Fixtures,  Premises must be vacated January 1st  PQST-OFF/CE  OiGAR &TORE.  *pPQ  W. R. JACKSON & CO.,  Commission Agents Delmoniro  Hotel, lay the market -.odds on  all important, events. Starti-:;*  price commissions execute*!  Latest betting received by cahie  VICTORIA, BAG  But Beauty Dalmaine did" not go to  the play that night. When she left the  library, she slowly ascended the stairs  with the intention of fetching a fan  from her room. The servants were all  at supper, and the house was very still,  when suddenly a small voice broke the  stillness, "Chappie wants movahI" followed by a sound of sobbing.  Beauty paused.    The sobs continued,  and again the little voice called:  *?Chap-  pie wants movah!    God send Chappie's,  movah !"  Swiftly she flew down the passage  and entered the nursery. The little lad 'a  prayer hnd not been in vain. God had  heard it and used it as an instrument to  unlock the mother's heart. In a few  short seconds Chappie was "in his mother's   arms.    The costly satin   dress was i  CLUB  HOTEL-  Corner Stanley and Silica-Streets  RATES; $i per day and up.  Schooner Beer, io cents  ���f:  Proprietor,  If .You are Buying a Piano  get the: n.ordheimer  It is the best in Canada.  jssc Co., Baker ���'���'St.  J. H. Mc Greg on  silence  better than a brute if I stand by without interfering? You shall not drag my  name and honor in the dust. Your insane vanity, which is leading you into  all sorts of diiiiculties, must be curbed.  Today I have a bill for ��500 from your  dressmaker. There was a tjfisie, child,  when to please me seemed your greatest pleasure. That time has passed. But  what have I done to forfeit your love? I  have done my utmost to make you happy, and yet how I've failed!" And  Travers Dalmaine drew his coat sleeve  across his eyes, and there was  for the space of a minute.  During this speech his wife had stood  motionless, her eyes downcast. She was  very pale, but otherwise showed no  emotion. Presently he spoke agaiu, but  his voice sounded husky and far away.  "Beauty," he cried, "for my sake  pause in your mad career, or if not for  mine for Chappie's."  Surely that appeal would have touched any mother's heart, but Beauty Dalmaine heard it unmoved. She slowly  crossed to the door, and turning she  looked defiantly at her husband, and  her voice rang out with metallic clear- I  ness as she said:  "I have listened to you patiently.  Now 1 am going to the play with Sir  Arthur Maynard. " And then she vanished, and like one stunned her husband  remained vacantly gazing at the door  through which she had disappeared.  forgotten, and freely her tears were  mingling with--his own. For the first  time in his baby life ha tasted the joys  of a mother's love. Hitherto she had  only been a beautiful, unapproachable  dream. Now she waa a living, loving  reality.  An   hour later, with weary footsteps  and an aching heart, Travers Dalmaine  climbed the  nursery stairs, and on the  threshold a beautiful picture gladdened  his  sorrow laden   eyes.' By the   cot of  their sleeping   child knelt   Beauty Dalmaine, her  lovely face   illumined with  the light of  the  newborn   mother love  and her hands clasped in prayer.   Softly  her husband  crossed the room and laid  his hand tenderly upon her head, while  she  raised  her  dark  eyes  to   his and  still kneeling said:  "Travers, my husband, forgive me. I  meant to go, but Chappie wanted me,  and when I heard him say so there sud  denly flashed on me the dark, loveless  future I was making for my little son���  our little son. " She corrected herself  softly, and then she was raised to her  feet, and a pair of strong arms enfolded  her and her husband's deep tones assured her she was forgiven.  "For  his sake we'll  start again, my  darling,'' he added.  "And for Chappie's father's sake,"  she whispered, as her white arms stole  round his neck. And the little sleeper  moved, and they looked down to see a  radiant smile dawn on his face and both  stooped and kissed him. Then hand iu  hand they stole from the room.       - ���**  T. S. Gore.        HA Burnet.  Provincial   and   Dominion Land  Sar=  . veyors and Civil engineers.  Agents  for Obtaining- Crown   Grants and Ab=  stract of Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  ff��ELSO&,   - --   British  Columbia  Time Table No. 8i.  To'.take effect at 7 a. m. on Saturday, March'  20, 189.S.   Trains,  run on   Pacific  Standard Time.  GOING NORTH���Read Down.  Daily  Lv. -Victoria for   Nanaimo and "Wellington.....  Ar. Nanaimo   Ar. Wellington   Saturday  & Sunday  A.M.  9:00  12:20  12:45  p:m.  4.00  7:ltf  7:35  GOING SOUTH���Read Up.  Daily  Saturday  & Sunday  Arrive Victoria   Leave Nanaimo for Victoria   Leave Wellington for  Victoria   A.M.  12:07  8:46*  8:25  P.M.  8:00  4:38  *  4:25  at the  /    For rates   and   information   apply  Company's offices.  j A. DUNSMUIR,  I        President. H. K, PRIOR,  General Fr't and Pass. Ag't  inmg wevie  Telephone 93   For  SON   EXPRESS  J. J. Dervin, Mgr,  Stand   Opposite   Central   Fruit   St��re  THE   GREAT   MINING  JOURNAL   OF   THE  GREAT   SOUTHWEST.  16 Pages, with Heavy Cover EVERY WEEK.  ^/EST  PRICE  Mining Journal on the PACIFIC COAST,  y Subscription $2 a Year.   Single Copiers cents.  SEND    FOR  110-112 N. Broadway, Los Angeles Cal.  ��<L'Ji*i'  &A THE ECONOMIST.  <3  WOMEN PLAN CRUELTY.  "It's, all well enough to write and chat  and speak about the goodness arid truth  and beauty of human nature. Such sentiments look well in black and white and  sound well in the parlor or from the platform, but all the same human nature is  cruel by instinct. Man is cruel and woman is cruel, but they are cruel in different  ways. Environment may have made this  difference, but more likely it arises from  the difference in their natures. Woman  is deliberately 'cruel;' man thoughtlessly  so. Man needn't pat himself on the back  and immediately conclude that he possesses the less cruel form of cruelty.."  An old woman was saying these things  to a young girl not long ago. She was a  most fascinating girl, with one mood today and tomorrow another. The woman  was bid and experienced enough to see  trouble reflected in the depths of this girl's  . eyes.   ���  "What's wrong now, girlie?" she asked.  "I'm in a serious mood today.   Tell me,  is it true  that we women are as cruel as  men?    I hope not."  "We are not so cruelly cruel," answered  the woman, serious and thoughtful at  once. "I knew some one had hurt you,  and youv -ayes told me that it was a man.  No woman can bver change the whole expression of another woman's eye. You  know, the eyes tell sofnmch more to me  than the lips. I don't wonder that prizefighters mind each other's eyes. If we  poor women would learn to mind each  other's eyes and those of man, we could  read and understand one another much  better. But we were talking about cruelty.  No, women are not so cruel to men as men  are to women.  "When a woman does a cruel thing to a  man, she goes at it deliberately! She lays  her plans and if nothing thwarts her carries them out, and then nine times out of  ten sits down and cries because the man  as hurt. Almost invariably she goes a  step further���tells him how she planned  to hurt him and then tells him that she is  sorry. The average woman is tender,  truthful, right minded, with all her cruelty, but, bless you, man isn't cruel that  way. He doesn't get provoked with a  woman or want to bring her to terms and  then deliberately plan to do" it by treating  her cruelly. To hear him tell it he is  above such pettiness, but to my mind he  does something ten times worse. He just  goes on being thoughtlessly cruel to her  indefinitely, and if he doesn't look out  some day ho wakes up and finds out that  the real woman he cared for has passed  out of his life and that so far as he is concerned she is henceforth a masquerader.  That's what man's cruelty does; it drives  us from them."  "That's it exactly," responded the girl.  "I wouldn't have said anything about  this to you, but I know that you know  about Ralph and me. You see, I've been  too busy, I've had too many cares on me  to care for anybody until I came to know  him. Soon he was so much in my life  that I wondered how I ever lived without  him. To him and with him I could be  myself, but I'm, as you say, a masquerader to him now. It's all his fault. He has  been so thoughtlessly and persistently  cruel for the past few weeks that I feel as  cold as snow. How is he cruel? In a hundred little ways. It isn't the things that  he does which hurt; it is the things that  he leaves undone.  "It all began this way: He won my  confidence because he deserved it. I talked  to him about my inner se.H', about my  struggles, my aims, my aspirations. Ho  told me to come to him when anything  troubled me just as he would have his little sister come. Some people say that you  can't miss what you've never had . but I'm  sure a brotherless girl misses a brother. I  always have, at any rate, and it was such  a relief to feel that at last I had a strong,  true man friend whom I could approach  ��is a brother. Soon 1 had to decide something that needed the cool, deliberate  judgment of a well balanced man. 1  turned to Ralph. I wrote and asked him  to cail as 1 wanted to see him specially. I  waited a week. He did not come and,  worse still, did not write. That was the  essence of cruelty, because he thoughtlessly disappointed me in him.  "He left town without writing, and aft-  s being  away .several  days wrote  me  a  /ha? ty note saying he didn't know when he  fcould come, but that I must write and tell  him what I wanted to say. A hasty note  is worse than no note at all. The human  being does not live who is too busy to  write a cordial line when it is necessary,  and so I froze up. Things have been going from bad to worse since. I plan how  I can hurt him, and the, truth of the business is I can't hurt him at all, and he does  and says one thing after another to mo  that wounds me.  "Oh, well, it's only another disappointment. Today I feel that 1 never want to  depend on another man, to seek his  stronger counsel, but tomorrow or next-  week or next year, I presume, if one comes  along in whom there is apparently no  cruelty I shcill stretch out nay little, tired,  overworked hands to him, confident once  more that I have at last found one who  will not do or leave undone the little  things that are cruelty in its worst form  to the average woman."  "Don't be foolish,"c returned the old  woman. "A man is a man, and the next  one you meet and trust won't be any different from this Ralph. Take my advice  and stick to him, because I tell you all  tnen are cruel. It's their nature. You are  interested in him, so you must learn to  put up with his cruelty or rather to make  him wish that his nature was different,  and when a man sincerely wishes that the  caterpillar is apt to change into a butterfly. Stop being deliberately cruel to him  Meet his cruelty with kindness, generosity,  tenderness.  "That's the mistake women make  They rarely take the initiative in being  cruel, but as soon as a man is thoughtlessly cruel to. a woman she begins to plan to  fight him with deliberate cruelty. The result is that neither is conquered and the  two drift so far apart that nothing short  of genuine love can bridge the distance  separating. them. . There's precious little  of that commodity in this world, young  woman, and so when you meet a man who  stands for something in your life, who  helps you am" makes life easier, don't you  let a little thing like the instinctive cruelty in him keep you apart. I'll bet that  this very day he is wishing that his nature  was different."  "Then why can't he come and tell me  so?" exclaimed the girl, with a brighter  look in her brewn eyes. "If he only  would, I'd beg his pardon fo** ^ftry hua'fc 11  ever gave him." \ "*&      '    H Afe   A  Conditions of a Happy Marriage.  President Eliot, in   a recent. address before the Dorchester ( Mass.) Woman's club,  discussed the  happy marriage and gave it  what free and easy writers call a first class  notice      A very brief extract from his address credits   him   with   saying   that  the  idealizing devotion with which  the happy  marriage   begins   is   the   most  admirable  thing in human nature   He does not seem  to favor the   idea that  the  cornerstone of  happiness in   marriage is  a sufficient  income secured against the   chances of   fortune.     On   the   contrary,   ho   declares,   as  The Transcript quotes him, that the young  woman who-marries for money or position  Is sacrificing the   best of   life which   mar  riage affords      The chief   conditions of  a  happy   marriage,   as   he  finds   them,   are  health, common intellectual interests and  a religious belief held in common between  husband and wife.     No doubt he enlarged  upon   these  conditions  and qualified   the  idea of  the superlative importance of  the  latter two by taking largo views of them  We  often   see,   for  example^  people  very  happily married whose minds are so differently constituted that it seems impossible  that they should havo more than a limited  number of  intellectual interests  in common.     But   there   are  different   kinds  of  good   minds, and   minds that supplement  one another  seem quite  as well   suited to  harmonious associations as those that run  in parallel grooves.  So as to a common religious belief. That  must mean agreement in the great essentials, the roots of which lie deep in character, and which really determine standards and shape conduct. The existence of  practical agreement of this sort is not necessarily inconsistent with much variation  in details of belief which are important,  but not really vital. A marriage between  a Protestant and a Catholic may behappy,  though such alliances are highly inconvenient The marriage which may be expected to fail is one between persons who  are not likely to agree as to what is right  and wh��t is wrong.  Tnro'Tmnro'iro^^  WHEN you buy *' * O'KELL &  TY OKELL& MORRIS'  Preserves  MORRIS'  eserves  you get what are pure British Columbia  fruit and sugar, and your money .is left at  home.  Are absolutely the  PUREST AND BEST.  TEAS AND COFFEES :  Blue Ribbon, Salada and Upton's Teas.       Blue Ribbon Coffee.  ALL Bi?AWDSAWD  nay.  vited.  The Largest Supply of  Horse Blankets Ever  Brought into   the Koote-  Evefy one High Grade   Article.    Inspection in-  OPPOSITEP. O.  NELSON, B. C.  m  "'KOOTENAY LAKE SAW MILL  C    Lumber,  ���jo.   Lath,  Shingles.  G. G. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders    Promptly    Filled    and [Sash & Doors  Satisfaction   Given.       Nelson   Mouldings,  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street. (Turned Work-  JOHN RAE, AGENT.  .SLSLSLSLSLSLSULSISLSLSLSLSLSIJ^^  ootenay  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL DEALERS  IN  FRESH AND SALT MEATS.  ���q       Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices.    |  &       Mail orders receive careful attention.  |       Nothing but fresh and wholesome meats and supplies  5   kept in stock.  �� i-  ^  9  All the leading brands of  Foreign and  Domestic Cigars. 18,000 Cigars to select from. Bargains in Pipes for Christmas  ORROSITE J. DOVER'S.  Wagon work and Blacksmlthing in all its Brandies.  lelsoo Blacksmith Co9  H. A.  PROSSER,  Manager.  Lake St., Opp. Court House.  NELSON,  B.  C.  '�����>���>��>�����*^^ 10  THE ECONOMIST.  TOMORROW.  A fond, doting mother, with ��yes full of love.  Said, "Charley, oh, do pray tonight,  &nd  the  angola will  come  on  their shining  wings   ,  To cause you sweet dreams of delight."  MOh, mother," he cried, ''I am weary and sad,  But' tomorrow, dear, mother, I will."  Alas, alas, that night was his last!  Tomorrow ho was pulseless and still.  An old man lay on his narrow couch,  And fever was racking his brain.  **Pray GJ-od to forgive you," his pastor would  say,  "For the penitent's prayers are not vain."  "lam better, much  better," he  breathed in  ���  reply. -'-'A;  "Tomorrow"���and here he loud sighed���-  "Tomorrow I'll ask"���   No more could he say.  With the sentence unfinished he died.  ���Finley Johnson in New. York Ledger.  SHORT     STORIES.  A Scottish parson was attending a  funeral in his own churchyard, says a  writer in Longman's Magazine. The  service over, and dust given to dust,  the green sod smoothed down over the  narrow bed, the company departed.  But a worthy man remained behind  and approached the parson with a  solemn face, as though for serious talk.  "Din ye ken what I aye think at a  funeral?" Many serious reflections  have come to one there, and the clergyman expected some befitting thought.  "No.   What is it you always think?7'  The answer was. " I aye think I'm  desperate gledd it's ho me." The incumbent of that parish was mortified.  Strange as it may appear in the  "Man of Blood and Iron," Bismarck  could not be discourteous to people-  though others were not always as considerate to him. Professor Lenbach,  than whom perhaps nobodyexcept  Professor Schweninger knew Bismarck  so intimately, once told me : uTn all  the years I have known Prince Bismarck I only remember him speaking  harshly on one solitary occasion. A  manservant had shut the door with a  bang. Bismarck rang the bell and  when he appeared told the man sharply that he was to leave at the end of  his month. About a quarter of an  hour afterward he rang the bell again j  and said in a modified voice, ' You may  stay.'     That was all."���  - -��� ^~*��r cy ..:-3i*' a-szm. *  The ex-qaeen of Hawaii, surrounded  by her court, was engaged in earnest  conversation with Dr. Mary Walker.  The little doctor was neat and spick and  span from the collar of her Prince Albert coat to the soles of her little boots.  She was dressed like a man. She wore  do petticoats, but the serpent trail of  @i�� petticoats her foremothers wore is  ��r��r her still, for all the evening she  sat with her knees close together. She  wears trousers, but the inherited restraint of the petticoats binds her knees  She may dress like a man, but she'll always eit  as women  sit. ���^  Net long ago hi* majesty of Siam  g&v�� an Italian (for painting one of his  wives from a photograph) "the grand  cross of the Siamese crown." It is a  rather large order. "This cross, " said  his majesty graciously, "will entitl��  yom to marry 12 wives. It is a distinction I seldom confer, so I he no von wil*  make good use of it.' * -^tT-sta    ,V~^*-j*  Once Tried no Family will Use any Other  Satisfaction Guaranteed by the  CARLEY & PEEL, Nelson, B. G.,  Agents for the Kootenay.  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D.S  DENTIST  Mara Block,  Bakw Street, Nelson  Special attention yiren to crown and bridge  work and the painless extraction of teeth by  ocai anesthetics.  I  HV  Ask for  ELSON HARDWARE CO  Www  when    you    order  matches.       Then  you  will   foe   sure  of having the best.  COMHANDING ATTENTION  is simply a matter of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns are marvels of  good quality, good style and  good workrnaship. The  value is great.  AND  Josephine Street  ting  Nelson.  s  We are direct Importers and Wholesale Dealers in  L.IQUORS,   HAVANA   CIGA  All the leading brands always in stock.  YATZ5   STREET,  VICTORIA, B.O.  VANCOUVER and NELSON  Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nehwa.  Certificate of I improvements.  "Princess Ida" mineral claim, situate in  the Nelson mining division of West Kootenay District.  Where located :���On Morning Mountain,  near the head waters of Sandy Creek.  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, acting  as agent for B. R. C. Walbey, Free Miner's  Certificate No, 2657 A, William H Bambury,  Free Miner's Certificate No. 2751 A, and Michael Egan, Free Miner's Certificate No. 2584  A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  applv to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim. And further take notice that action, under section 37,  Mi/-11 Dl      1.       D~L~..    ��+../-^+     must be commenced before the issuance of  cKlllOp     DIOCK,     DEker    Street. '��� sucn certificate of improvements.  1    ' ��� i     Dated this first day of October, 1898.  John McLatchie, P. L. S.  Optician and WatGhmaker,  All work guaranteed.  Temple Building, Victoria.    Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.  70 Bassinghall St., London.  ,%   General Shipping & Insurance Agent  Commission Merchants. Forwarders and Warehousemen. Lumber  Merchants and Tug Boat Agents. Orders executed for every description of British and Foreign Merchandise.   Charters effected.  Goods and Merchandise of every description Insured against loss by  Fire.   Marine risks covered-  Life, Accident and Boiler Insurance ia the best offices.   Klondike  Risks accepted.   Miners' Outfits Insured.  Loans and Mortgages Negotiated. Estates Managed and Rents  Collected.   Debentures bought and sold.  .--.-A. ^  \)i  ��� Ss  ���..���'---'��'.' rig  -���- '���':  *  Ai  ���i  1  �����  &g  ff.  X  X.  ��hsl  X.  i  Lr^V*!iJ ' *II*"*1 T* "T"" *'*    "r '  *i" mm'iF '"^i"���"������""�����'-*V ������������������ ����� I    | ~"IT~ 11_ ��� ��� ��� ��� i>      ii    ii 11    ttttt irrw-nji  r     i     ��� ��� u _ j   ������ ���   ��� ���   j ��   ��� ��� ������    ���s'rf VOW8. *��v- ���xXh-.'l'Sf ,\\*i .'.Vs.: i.^-T ���iJJ.-Xi.- '.  M"i'r-ipS*A.**s.*----��l-.-������� ���.-��'ir'i, *>\ i '-.���- ,.:t&\r   - - *r- -i"���'������iCTJr^rgpPVf .���  i'w. wi^wwm-^^.1^^���. ,___   ������ HBHHaaui  j ���  THE ECONOMIST  11  r.HE,..C.IT Y ;��� OIT   KISMET  Situated in the West Kootenay Valley, on the Crow's  Nest  Pass  Railway,  also on  Nelson arid Bedlington Railway, now being constructed^  rces are ^  It is oriy 7 miles from the International Boundary, and is the Centre the Goat  flountain^Vlining District, the richest in West Kootenay,, Here is also a vast tract of  farming land, adapted for the cultivation of Fruit* Grain and Vegetables.  WM  s now  ��ale  Further particulars apply to  Or  Sirdar Townsite Co., at Si  Teaching; Children Application.  Set easy tasks for the little ones    Do not  make them  too long, but   have   it clearly  understood that  they are   never to be left  antil they are  completed.     Kven   though  the thing in   hand occupies but five min  utes, let nothing interrupt it ^Completion  should be the watchword, the inspiration,  the beginning and. the end of a child's duties.     When  this  is once  thoroughly in  wrought into the mind, subsequent teach  ihg   becomes easy and   later   lessons will  lose their most formidable features      It is  not altogether what we have to learn that  is  to   be  dreaded, but  the   undisciplined  faculties which we bring to bear upon the  undertaking.  A well trained child should never know  when its first lessons in applications* were  taught it. The possibility of acquiginnr  knowledge is nowhere better demonstrated  than in the proficiency of the children of  eome of the crowned heads of Europe At  the ages of 10 or 12 years they ait; able to  speak several languages with the utmost  fluency, are well .grounded in all fundamental branches, read, write and speak  correctly and have a comprehensi ve idea of  very many of "the Important facts of life  ���.New York Ledger.  Wash las' Delicate Goods.  Flannels.���Soak in cold borax water If  very soiled, make a slight lather, souse up  and down and rinse well. Must never be  rubbed.  Red Table Damask.���Never use hot water; hang evenly; snap well; never iron.  Corsets.���Remove steels in front and  sides; put corsets on board and scrub with  tepid lather of castile soap Rinse under  faucet, pull until straight and dry in cool  place, pulling when partly dry  Silk Stockings.���Wash in hither of cas-  tile soap, rinse very thoroughly in clear  wijdSfc turn wrong side out. wring dry in  a emm. When nearly dry, stretch and rub  in hands to shape them      Do not iron  Silk Underwear.���Make lather of white  soap; water hot, not scalding Squeeze in  hands, rinse through two waters, shake,  snap and pull into shape. Pull into shape  when nearly dry.     Do not iron  Bluing.���-A good test for disco veringjthe  presence of the dangerous prussian blue is  to dissolve a little washing soda in water,  add bluing and heat over fire Pour into  a glass. When cold, a brown deposit of  iron shows presence of prussian blue.  Hex* Friends Perplexed.  There are still housekeepers who bortst  of the amount of housework they can accomplish and the early hour at which it is  performed. It is unusual to find such a  woman nowadays outside of the covers of  some ancient social history, so the occasional appearance of the woman with old  fashioned ambitions is interesting The  modern, ordinary, everyday woman was  boasting mildly the other day of some of  her small duties performed when thu hero  ine of ancient days broke in in tones of  unyielding superiority, "Why, the other  - morning I was up and made my beds and  *had my dishes washed before breakfast.''  "What?" said the astonished listener  "Yes," repeated the capable housekeeper.  "I was up and made by beds and washed  nay dishes before breakfast." And now  her friends are wondering if she is that  shiftless individual wiio loaves her dinner  dishes overnight or if shy is a modern  Sapphira.���New York Times.  For the School Luncheon.  A variation of the school luncheon sandwich is made by using salmon'mixed with  some sort of sauce or condiment. A bit of  mayonnaise dressing left over may be used  with it. The fish is to be flaked fine and  rubbed into a smooth paste. Cold boiled  salmon can be used or a can of salmon  freed from the oil, and with hot water  poured over it to rid it entirely of the oily  flavor, the fish being allowed to get perfectly cool before boing used in a sandwich. It maybe added that this treatment  of a can of salmon puts the fish in excellent condition to cream in the chafing dish  for a night supper. Brown bread is bept  for fish sandwiches, as it seems to take.  away any unpleasant strength of the fish  flavor.  ^^  Turning a Steak.  There ia a difference in the  practice of  the most skillf"!  cooks as th��  ***"  _ ��.��.��. ��^-t>-"    ���*-* r  times a steak should be turned while cooking. Some say but once, others every two  minutes, making three or four times in  all. Let the plate or platter be heated up  on whicfi the steak is to be served and  oarry the dish immediately from the fire  to the table. There is no dish in the world  that so rigidly requires to be eaten hot as  steak. Some.wag says, "A cold cup of  coffee, cold batter cakes, the cold shouider  a cool reception, all are tolerable���we can  use philosophy and forget them, but a cold  steak is abominable; it is barbarous."���  Caterer!  Th'�� Refrigerator.  In placing the refrigerator see that it is  put where it can be well lighted and  drained, never allowing the drain pipe to  connect with the sewer. A refrigerator in  bad condition is a menace to health. Once  a week at least take everything movable  from the interior, wash in hot soapsuds,  rinse with soda water, wipe dry and put  outdoors in the sun for an hour to dry.  Wash the refrigerator thoroughly in the  same way, using a flexible wire for the  drain pipe and skewers for the corners and  grooves.  Average Size of Children.  The average child In its fourth yeai  should be 3 feet high and also weigh moro  than 28 pounds; in the sixth year, li}4 feet  high and weigh 42 pounds; in the eighth  year, 4 feet in height and 66 pounds *n  weight; at 12 years, 5 feet in h^';;^! and  70 pounds in weight is a fa;r average.  Growth is very irregular in children and  young people generally. Perhaps two  inches may be gained in two months, and  for the next ten months not over an inch,  even up to the age of 10 or 12 years.���New  York Ledger.  Ventilation.  A trained nurse says that, in spite of all  teaching, the hardest thing she has to fight  against in her work in private houses is  the nonventilation of the sickroom To  shut up an invalid as nearly airtight as  possible seems to be the shibboleth of the  majority of persons. Yet sick people, more  -*hers, need the strengthening qual  ities of fresh air. Drafts, of course, are to  be avoided, but a lot of fresh air is obligatory in every case  ?akes Cars of Birds and Flowers.  A young woman in Chicago supports  herself by taking care of other people's  birds and flowers. She goes daily from  house to house, feeding and watering pet  birds and cleaning their cages. She then  turns her attention to the plants and window boxes, cleansing leaves and giving a  dose of fertiliser when needed and in other  ways keeping her feathered and floral patients in excellent condition.���Woman's  Journal.  An Envelops Library.  Take a package of large envelopes, writs*  E. L. in one corner and the number in th��  opposite corner at the top. Into each envelope place a good short otory or poem,  taken from some periodical. On the back  of each envelope writs the nam�� of the  story or poem it contains, also th�� name  of the author. Tie each envelop�� with ribbon. The stories or poems of some favorite author may be preserved In this way.  They make pretty gifts for invalid friends  or those traveling who hav�� little room f6r  books. Tinted envelopes with ribbons ��f  the same shade are very neat. A spray of  forgetmenots may be painted in water  colors on the lower corner of each envelope.���Ruth Raymond in Housekeeper.  To Round tho Throat.  To have a rounded throat exerois�� th��  throat by singing. Sing whether yon  have a "voice" or not, deeming the exercise valuable. At night wrap the throat  in a linep. cloth wet wi4h scented oiL  This will nourish the skin and soften its  outlines. Exercise the throat every day by  turning the head from side to side slowly  and never fast. Try this ten minutes every night and morning. If the hair falls  out, change your diet and improve jons  general health. Friction is too rough  treatment for ordinary skins. If used to  prevent wrinkles, it should be gentl�� and  with a little oil on the fingers.���Exchange. 12  THE ECONOMIST.  Liquors  ines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets  Mattings  Dry Goods  Boots and Shoes  Tents  ' ';es  Cement  Rugs  Curtains  *��,;..  Flour and Feed  Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  Fire Clay  '"���"��� Teas  Etc.  KOOTENAY 'BRANCH  Victoria, B. C,   Vancouver, B. C, and London, Bng.  N6LSON, B.C.  AND   S00 LINE  Quick Time, Good Service,  Fewest Changes,  Lowest Rates;'  Through tickets to and from ail parts of  Canada and the United States.  No customs difficulties with bagsrage.  Tourist cars pass Revelstoke daily to St.  Paul, Mondavs for Toronto,:Thursdays for Montreal and Boston, Fridays for St. John, N. B.  Daily Train  To Kossland and main line points :  Dailv  -     . Daily  6:40 p.m. leaves ��� NELSOX- arrives 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str. Kokanee  Ex. Sun. r Ex. Sun.  4 p. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :   11 a.m.  Kootenav River Route, Str. Moyie:  Mondays. Wednesdays and Fridays.   .  7 a. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives 6:30 p. m.  -Makes connection'at Pilot Bay with str Kokanee  n both directions. Steamers on their respective  routes call at principal landings in both  directions, and at other points when signalled.  Sloean Citv, Slocan Lake points ana Sandon  Except Sunday Except Sunday  9 a.m.   leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives   2:20 p.m.  Ascertain   rates   and  full information trom  nearest local agent, CitvTi ket Agent, Nelson,  JVC, or J.  HAMILTON, Agent, Nelson,  B.  C.  W. E. Anderson, E. J- Coyle,  Travelling Pa\ss."&gent,        Dist. Pass. Agent  Nelson, B.C. Vancouver B.C.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Pv^j- ��gent or  C. P*.  R. City Ticket Agent,  Nelson.  W     . STITT, Gen     S.   S. Agt., Winnipeg.  Dominion and  Provincial'^^aw^^  Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom House, Nelson, B. C.  ODDS AND ENDS  Getting ah Extra Ration.  Medical Officer (going his rounds)���-  Well, Murphy, how are you this morning?  Private M.���Much better, sir.  M. O. ���Is your appetite good?  PrivateJM.,;���Yes, sir.  M. O.���^Are you getting enough Co  eat?  Private M.���No, sir.  M. O. ���What would you like in addition to your present diet?  Private M.���Another pound of bit**d,  sir.  M. O.���That I cannot give you, as  the regulations do not admit of a soldier receiving a double ration of bread  in one day.  Private M. (after a moment's hesitation)���Could you not let me have th��  extra pound and mark it down as bread  poultice?  He got it.���London Telegraph.  Fata! Frivolity.  Jack and his two pretty cousins hap-  fjened to be walking along in front of a  orug store.  "I wonder," said "Ethel, "if, astronomically speaking, Uncle Henry's son  is in the right sif*u for ice crgarn soda?"  "I'm afraid not, & replied Gwendolen  with her eye on the youth. "I don't  see any signs of the soda act."  Jack groaned and marched them  fiercely past the drugstore by way of  punishment.  rri&ir reject.  Mr. and Mrs. Gaswell had rnoyed  ��nly a few weeks before into a fashionable neighborhood and were preparing  to issue invitations for their silver wedding.  "I'm afraid, " said Mr. Gaswell, looking dubiously at the pile of costly stationery before him, "most of these will  go begging.''  "Why. James," responded Mrs. Gaswell, "that's what we are sending them  @ut for.  A Honeymoon Eye Opener.  "While love," said- th�� Cummins-  Tille sage, ''may make the young man  ��blivious of the flight of time during  the honeymoon, the monthly gas bill.s  &indly restore his balance in short order  The largest sun dial in the world is  Hayou Horoo, a large promontory, extending 8,000 feet shove the iEgean soa.  As the sun swings round the shadow of  this mountain it touches one by one k  ��irele  of  islands,   which  act as hour  arsons  BUTTER,   EGGS,  CURED MEATS,  WHOLESALE ONLY.  HEAD OFFICE���Winnipeg.  BRANCHES���Vancouver, Victoria, Nelson, Rossland, B. C, and  Dawson  City, N. W. T.    Full Stock carried at Nelson  P. J. RUSSELL,   Manager   Nelson   Branch.  Banquet, Hanging,  Glass  Stand  Lam  Christmas Gifts.  all   a  Useful  BAKER STREET, NELS  m  (Mfcc&ftu&3*v^����  (Established 1858.)  anufacturers of  BISGU1T�� AND OONPEGTIONERY  Write us for Prices, or CARLEY  & PEEL, of Nelson.  mmWmwmmmiMmMWJiM  'if?   '

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