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The Nelson Economist Dec 20, 1899

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Array ���.ftasAss.MTAgsreKawj'.fla  ^^xiiirtsiai&*SLzsi��Sj%&Ki^^  Bga^taamggeamaamjuiiaea^  NELSON ECONOMIST  VOL. IIL  NELSON, B, C, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 20, 1899.  NO. 23  ;y  l!:f  M  <$  TJTE NELSON ECONOMIST is Issued suery Wednesday  at the City of Nelson, B. C. by, D. -AT. Carley. Subscription :��� $2.00 . per annum; if paid'in, advance, $1.50.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.r Only articles of' merit will be advertised in  these columns, and the interests of readers will he carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless  articles.  Notice.���There are several hundred renders of- The  Economist behind in their subscriptions. No doubt this  is attributable to neglect and-, all that will be required to  ensure a hasty response is this gentle reminder.  BEFORE another issue  of this  paper, once  more  the Christmas bells will ring out their "glad refrain, but the message will not^be  one of- "Peace on  ��� Earth, good-will towards men."      At no time in the  history of the greatest   Empire  the world  has  ever'  , seen, has the festival   of   Christmas,  been   celebrated vvith greater sorrow than  the   one   which   will  be  observed in a few days.      The condition of affairs in  South Africa is not  calculated  to  inspire the British  people with those pacific leeiings  towards the enemy  that the Divine Master taught   while  on   earth.      It  may be that the end justifies the means, and that in general results the cause of Christianity  and civilization  will have   gained   compensating    advantages    with  the breach of the Divine command.      Britain's   wars  have always .been carried on with a view to the development and establishment of' a higher order of civilization and the safe-guarding of the lives and property  ol the subjects of the-most advanced,,'nation   in  the  world.    Christianity as it is understood   by the highly civilized natures is not practiced by the Boers and  should it transpire that the' war   would  bring  about  results that would   be   pleasing   in   the sight of   the  Founder of Christianity, the strife will   not have been  in vain.'   Inspired   with   hope   tor the early termination of the war and the re-echoing  once   more of the  sentiment,    "Peace   on   Earth,"   The   Economist  wishes all present and  prospective   subscribers   " A;  Merry Christmas and a .'Happy New ��eary"  The announcement that Baron Roberts of Kand r  har and Waterford. is to take command of the British'  forces in South Africa and that General Lord Kitchener of Khartoum will act as chief of staff will be  .'.'hailed.-'with delight throughout the Empire. General  *',' Bobs," like nearly all offBritain 's "famous commanders, is an Irishman, and it is a strange coincidence  that "the Hero of Oindurtnan" is also a native of  the Emerald Isle. The commander is popular with  the rank and file and will do much to inspire the men  with confidence in their officers, which  the apparent .  blunders of the  last  few   weeks  hare done'much to  shake.    The British   soldier never  shirks  his duty,,  but he would be more than human if, under the conditions that have prevailed during the past few weeks,  he entered into^the fight with that enthusiasm that is  such' an important factor in   the   winning of  battles.  He can stand one repulse, but when it becomes a case"  of getting out of " the   way all   the time, it is simply  galling.    The officers  in   command  may, have done  everything that could be attempted under the circuni-  stances, but the British people  do not pa}' their military leaders to lose battles continually.      The people  ���  ��� are now asked to back   up   the   Government  in  its   .  operations in South  Africa, and  as  the   people have  faith in the judgment of Roberts  and   Kitchener the  response will be unanimous  and   spontaneous. ' The  record of these officers   has  been of the character to  inspire confidence.     The  change  is significant from  the fact that new methods  in   fighting the Boers will  probably be adopted.      General Roberts' capacity for  manoeuvring large bodies of men might imply that it  '  is the intention of Great Britain to send a large qrmy  to South Africa, and General Kitcheners marvellous  faculty"of being able to    "herd"   an   army, ma}'  be  taken as evidence that it is the intention of the British  to pursue a waiting policy until chances are even, and  then strike the decisive blow.      Buller's   "bull-dog"  methods have not proven efficacious  with the Boers(  and have been most  disastrous  to the British.      We  will now have a taste   of scientific  warfare, and   undoubtedly   it   will   prove   more   satisfactory   in  its  results.  Lx a few days Sir Charles Tupper will reach Nelson, and it is proposed by local Conservatives to give  the veteran leader a reception. S, r Charles has long  since passed the age allotted to man, but he still  possesses those marvellous mental qualities that have  made him a great statesman and a political foe to be  feared. In the natural course of events he must give  ...way to younger men, but at the. present time it is  doubtful if a man could be found'in the Conservative ,  ranks who would display the same acumen as the  aged leader. Canada owes Sir Charles a debt of obligation that she can never pay, and on the occasion ,  of .tits, visit here we have no doubt he will be greeted  with a hearty welcome from citizens.of both, political  parties, who,when; it .epmes lo honoring a distinguished Canadian, should 'for' the time being sink  party affiliations.        '������'..���  Latex in formation from Manitoba induces the 'belief that. Hugh John Macdohald will have a working  majority of  eight in  the next House.       Indeed, the  V 4 -  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  Liberals concede as much. This will give Mr. Mac-  donald a free hand to carry out the reforms promised'  the people before the election. He will undoubtedly  revolutionize existing conditions in Manitoba, and if  all accounts be true,- something of this character , is  needed. Mr.'Greenway had things all his own way,  and as is invariably the case under such circumstances, the true interests of the  people are lost sight of,  ' and . legislation :s only carried on in the interests of  the class who can afford the luxury. o Moreover, as  an exchange remarks, the revolution in Manitoba is  a protest of the west against the1 betrayers of the west.  In no part of '.Canada were stronger appeals made  against the policy of protection by the party now in  office. ' Manitoba is not a manufacturing, country.  It lives by farming. Naturally a campaign in favor  of' iow tariffs and cheap goods would have an effect  among this class of people. It was possible for Sir  Wilfrid and his colleagues to persuade many that a,  change of government would introduce an era of frugality and democratic simplicity in ���"government, and  a period of low" taxes and cheap merchandise. It  would banish monopolies andbriug'in government by  honest, hard working patriots; disdaining splendor,  scorning titles, caring^ nothing for the smiles of the  wealthy,'but resolved ' "o help the farmer. It is not  neeessary.'to; gq\into*'"yparticular5, but the -western  farmer, like.'llis"'brother in the east has found things ,  working exactly the opposite way. ��� Prices that were  to go down have gone up.' Combines that were to be.  destroyed are'stronger than ever, and new ones have  been created to keep them company. * Extravagance  reign's where frugality was promised, and the grow-,  ing time is exemplified in the expansion of the cabinet. ' The interior department is clouded with,  scandals, and is the resort of colonies of adventurers  who have, grown rich out of theirpluuder. It is not  astonishing that this has led to a revolt in the wyest.  The first victim of   this  indignant' protest   is    Mr.  ._Greenway.__but he will not be thejast, as the St. John  Sun predicts.  Henderson may be discovered to help the Gnvernment  out of its unhappy predicament.  Municipal matters are very little discussed these  da5Ts^ and it may transpire that some difficulty will be ,  ' experienced..m getting a municipal ticket in the field.  It was rumored that a meetiug was   held   iii a   local  newspaper office one evening last week to decide upon  a municipal ticket, but nothing was accomplished. If  newspapers and lawyers   are   going " to carry on the  affairs of the city   without the consent of the govern-'  ed, it is'about time the public should know something  about it.    City Councils are elected to look after the'  business' of the city and undue interest by newspapers  and lawyers in the   selection   of   candidates   might,  create the impression that a council was elected  only  to carry out the wishes of a few.  To The, disinterested-spectator, the evidence given ,  before the mining commissioner has been of a   most  unsatisfactory and unconvincing character.   '  Neither  side has made the most of its case.-,    The very points  the public would have   liked   information    upon are  still obscured.    For,instance, it  would   have been interesting to learn what effort,   if , any,   had  been put-  forth to adjust the disputes by modern  methods, viz : '  by arbitration.      Indeed, th s   phase of the question  was   entirely   ignored.      Anothei   important   point  which was r.ot touched upon, and by this very reason  the commission held its warrant of investigation,, was'  the nationality of the. miners, the   number   who are  British   'subjects   and. the   number   who are "aliens.  Also the number of mine-owners' who .are  British subjects and the number who are aliens.  Should it transpire that the majority of the miners  were aliens or the majority of the mine-owners were  aliens, the public would have been ' interested in  learning the fact.  British Columbia ���  politicians   are. making their  o  calculations as to how the parties now stand in the  local House. The consensus of opinion is that the  Semlin-Cotton Government will either have to form a  coalition or fall. The general feeling is that Mr.  Semliu and his colleagues have been successful' in  only one thing, and that is in giving the.-.people of '  British Columbia the most incompetent. Government  with which the Province has ever been cursed. That  being the case, there is strong opposition to any combination that would perpetuate the iniquitous legislation of which thepresent Government has-been guilty.  Just where the Semlin-Cotton Government stands, of  course, it will be hard to predict' until the House  meets, for there may be more of the Henderson type  of party men in the Legislature, although it requires  a very vivid imagination to contemplate an exact  Counterpart of the present Attorney-General all in one  century.    How7ever, this is a strange age and another ������'  Moreover, ��s the evidence with regard to -the  economy of working mines must be .necessarily of an  expert ��� character. it would have ' been well  to have questioned the miners as to their  experience, and also to have shown how many of  the mine-owners were practical mining men. Should  it have been revealed that the miners had little experience and that the mine-owners were not 'practical  mining men, then the commissioner would hicve been  able to place a proper valuation on the evidence  adduced.-;."Especially:was this necessasy with regard  to the-amount.of work that could be accomplished.in  eight hours and teir honrs. ' Commissions dealing  with this question have been held in the United  States and Germany,:but the reports ot the commissioners in both cases were based on expert testimony.  Indeed", the whole question of the nerve force exhausted in ten hours and,eight hours respectively, is  a question which rightly ���-.belongs to the realm of  science,, and is beyond the sphere of mine-owner and  miner A The latter, of course, could speak-from prac-  ticahexperience. In order to get a report that will  be of some use for future reference, another  commis- j^f iM>w.vi-rir��!.ii-iii.-rTrT -r-it,riiininri-iiiriiiiiir-T'��Kia,��a&(aEBm��i^^  J  ?!;  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  sion will have to be held, and it is understood the  local Government will appoint one immediately.  This and other information will then be forthcoming.  Tt was "rumored yesterday that there had been a  conference between mine-owners and miners and that  all differences had been settled. -No* doubt the mine-  owners made a conditional^ proposal and that the  miners accepted, with other conditions. There may  have been a temporary agreement entered into, but  The Economist violates no confidence when it expresses the belief that no permanent adjustment of  the grievances has yet been reached and'that it will  be years before the1 pleasant relations that existed before the strike will again prevail. The miners, in all  probability made a demand for the recognition of the  union, which would not be- conceded by the mine-  owners.    In such an .event, those who hold  that  or-  ��� ganization is a necessary condition to the protection  of labor will probably say that in this stand the mine-  owners are making a grave error, while those who  contend,,that labor has no rights in this direction  which capital is bound to respect.will probably think  otherwise.,, The ., Economist has before expressed  the opinion thst capital is as necessary to labor as labor is to capital, and it now adds that much of the  friction between capital and labor would be avoided if  e-r-cfi side conceded to the other the inalienable rights  which are the God-given heritage. So far, the, work-  ingman does not appear to have been able to convince  the capitalist that he has the same right to protect  his labor as the lawyers, who have the most effective  protective union in the Province, have theirs, and too  often organized labor overlooks the right of capital to  protect itself.    Social conditions are changing, and it  ��" would be well for capitalists and laboringmen both to  devote more time to the consideration of each other's  rights and less to the means to be employed to gratify  their own selfish ends.  TV  *HE proposal of the Fire Underwriters' Association to levy a net tax of 15 per cent of premiums on  on every policy in the city in the event of the collection of the municipal tax on insurance companies  doing business here,Gwas rightly termed by Aid.  Hillyer a "bluff." Tne insurance rate in Nelson,  when it is considered what the city is doing in the  way of providing protection against fire, is considered  excessive by many, and the proposed increase would  mean a considerably greater tax on improvements,  and in some cases almost prohibitory. The insurance companies make money in Nelson, and they  should not kill the goose that lays the golden egg.  Every other business pays its fax, and why should  the insurance companies be exempt ?  The interview with Mr. Marpole, which, appeared in a late issue of the Trifnaic, would indicate  that the C. P. R. company will expend a considerable sum in Nelson next year in the way of perfect"  ing and extending transportation facilities. Nelson  is rapidly developing into an important wholesale  centre^ and it is with a view to handling the increased  trade expeditiously that the' C. P. R. is now devoting  so much of its attention  to  tke  improvement of, its  transportation facilities in the Kooteuay.   l  For the information of a correspondent, Ihk  Economist prints the platform on which Hon: Hugh  John Macdonald conducted his campaign in Manitoba : , '  Economy in provincial administration.  Equal rights to all.  Government ownership of railways.  Construction of the Hudson's Bay road.  Manhood suffrage.  ! Enforcement of the alien labor law.  Encouragement of a better class of immigration.  Extension of the provincial boundaries to Hudson's  Bay. , " ..  That the province have complete control of school  lauds. .,  In his address to the ��� shareholders of the Bank of  Ottawa at its twenty-fifth annual meeting, President  Magee said : "Business of all kinds throughout the  Dominion is active and profitable, the people generally are prosperous and contented, loyal to Queen and  country, and proud of forming a part of the great imperial power of Greater Britain. It occurs to me,  however, that the advantages received from the connection with the mother country aremot sufficiently  appreciated.. The very prosperity of the bank, as  exemplified in the report we are considering, and the  security for life and property enjoyed by the people  of this country is largely due to the protection afforded by the army and navy of Great Britain, and towards the maintenance of which Canada contributes  nothing. The feeling is growing throughout the Dominion, that the time has come for some amendment  to the articles of co-partnership, and that we should  cease to occupy the undesirable position of taking all  and giving nothing. It is true, we have recently,  voluntarily sent a thousand of our bravest and best  young men, to assist in maintaining the rights of  British subjects in South Africa, and from present  appearances the second contingent offered will likely  be accepted, but that is not enough. The country  can afford, in addition to making greater provision  for the defence of the different provinces, to follow the  lead of Australia and Cape Colony, and make a'direct  annual contribution to the cost of supporting the  British navy.  The Prisoners' Aid association   of Ontario   is  de  sirous that the clergy of the province shall, as  far as  possible, observe some Sunday either   in December or  early in January as Prison Sunday���preferably   Sunday December 17.     ...The association,   desires prayers  for ail officials connected  with   the  administration of  justice and for the cause of prison reform.      Possibly '  a great many of the   officials  connected with the ad- '.  ministration of justice need these prayers.  1 The cradle of the new century is a remote, isolated  quarter of the globe where there are few peopie to hail  its birth. In that country the twentieth century will  be an infant Of quite considerable growth before time -  can speed its dawning into the next nearest habitation  of man. John Ritchie Jr., will tell ".Where the-..New-  Century Will Really Begin," in the January finite*'.  IloW'Jiift 1 mil. I  : y  . ��l  'I?  I  ��� h  ill  ill  ::��  " ��� i.  is  i  .1i����  ���ii  11 r  dl  isl  I!  o    l|  H -I  \m  mSBtMlWMiHiWJH  fas* ..<;.-���:,.V.'!'., (.���;..  .������W-,.!......-.o:..  EVENTS AND GOSSIP  pENERAE  ROBERiS, who wfll  have  supreme  ^    command of the British forces in South Africa,  .observes one day' in   the year with special ceremony  ���that is the anniversary  of Ireland's   patron saint.  An old soldier, now residing in Nelson, tells how the  General'observed St. Patrick's   Day  in   1879, in Afghanistan.    It was a holiday  iri the army.     General'  Roberts invited all the officers who were   Irish to his "  quarters  and  there   provided  them  with  the "groceries" usually indulged in on national holidays, and  they " kept it up till all hours."    Coming on toward  the early hours of the morning, several  of the party  got into a dispute as to the pre-eminence of their  respective counties, and proceeded   to settle the matter  accordiug to   the "rules prevailing on the Curragh."  "Why,", remarked my soldier friend., "it was a great  night���equal to Donnybrook in  its .best  day--."    Of  course,- General   Roberts' methods , may   not be  in  strict accord with the rules laid down  for   the ' guidance of the orthodox Christian, but they, are popular  in the army, and General0Roberts is idolized   by. the  British soldier. ' "     *  eral of the Conservative orators from the- Coast  They will all receive a hearty welcome from the Conservatives of Nelson.  When the war in South Africi first broke out, the,  prediction was made in these columns "that Charles  Lewis Shaw, the Canadian war correspondent, would  distinguish himself.   I11 several.of the battles, "Charlie"   was 'the only  correspondent' present, and  the  Eondon Daily News immediately secured his services  to give detailed accounts of these engagements.  E'ike  Byron, he has found himself famous in   a  day,   for  his letters to the   London paper   and'the   Canadian  publications which he represents are by far the most  interesting reading that finds its way from the seat of  war.    Charles Eewis Shaw was born, in Perth, Lanark County, Ontario, and was educated for a lawyer,  but he found newspaper work more  in   line with his  inclinations, and he has scored   a  success.    He went  through the Soudan campaign   of  1884-85   and   his  contributions to the press   bearing   on that  eventful  period  were   eagerly   read���more   particularly   his  "Reminiscences of a Nile Voyageur."  To-morrow night a smoking concert in aid of the  Mansion House Fund will be given in the Nelson  Opera House. No worthier object could enlist the  sympathies of charitably disposed people at this time  than this fund, and I hope the concert will be well  patronized. "Tommy Atkins" is at the front fighting the battles of the Empire, and that his responsibilities may be made lighter it is the duty of everyone  to assist in providing for those he has left behind.  Every patriotic citizen should attend the concert and  thus mark his appreciation of the sacrifices of the  ''Soldiers of the Queen,"  There are many- causes why  the manager  of the  Nelson Opera House experiences insurmountable ob-  ���    stacles in   his attempt  to secure good  theatrical-, attractions.    In the first place Nelson is not on a  circuit, audit means, an enormous expense to   bring a  good company here.    Indeed, Canada as   a   whole is  placed at a great disadvantage as regards  travelling'  combinations.    Mr.   Thomas   A.    McKee,   a   well-  known manager, himself a Canadian,   discussed   recently with a  representative of the, Ottawa  Citizen  the reason why the better  class   of theatrical companies do not visit Canada in'large numbers.  "There  ; are a variety, of reasons for this state of affairs," said,  he.    "One of these is the absence of enough cities of  any considerable size to make a tour prosperous. The.,  jumps that nave1 to be made from place to place  are-  great.    While on the other side ' time after  time  we  have merely to jump short distances entailing an, out-  . lay" of only $ 1 per head perhaps,' in  "Canada $5  per  head in one   movement   has often   to  be  expended.  That kind of thing does not pay.    And- then, the attractions are not patronized the way they are  on the  other, side ; the people seemingly have not been educated up to know what a good attraction is.  Manager  , Djowne has told me of some  people in   Ottawa  who  have never heard of Stuart Robson.    Think of that,  ye gods !'   Now it   is  very difficult  to do anything  with such benighted ignorance  as  that.    Of course-  there are many in Canada who  possess  rare  intelligence in things dramatic, but they are  few  in comparison to the vast number who are utterly  indifferent to excellence in art..   Perhaps the most vexatious-  difficulty placed in the   way of American   managers,  anxious to play their attractions in Canada, however,.,  is the du ty on paper.    This is out of all   proportions  to the demands of justice.    I have known managers  who, on coming into this country,' have had  to   pay,  duty amounting to as much  as   the original   cost  of  the paper.    If Canadian mamgers would guarantee a  first-class attraction seven weeks on this  side of the  line,   it might   pay to   have special   paper prepared  here for such   a   tour.    But  under existing circumstances,   when even   the   poorest   attractions   rarely  stay longer than three weeks, it is simply   preposter-.  ous to expect an American manager to patronize Canadian firms for their lithographs.     Tax printed paper  if you will, but permit the colored paper   to come  in  free.    That feature of your protection tariff should be  eliminated, and '.until it is so, one of the greatest bug- |  bears to American   managers will  continue to affect   .  the amusement market in, this countryA'  ���  It is understood that Sir Charles Tupper, Bart, on  his visit to the Kootenay will be accompanied by sev-  Thetime  has  come   for action, vigorous, sustained, unrelenting action against the   cancers   which are  \mmmsiBHS8L  M!MIB!M!<MB^ r.y..-. .-yirvmir^unajmucrtTMItKmaLmsZaaf^ ^.^--r^^.-^n^M^^^^  '������!:.'���'..  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  m  rA  *  eating into the hearts of this community. This is  the decision that will be arrived at by every right-  f thinking man and woman in the city who gives the  matter the consideration it deserves. Under what  might be called the protecting, aegis of a host of indifferent citizens, the curse has spread until from one  end of the city to the other there is an outcry, and the  plaint is that the, monster vice, inhuman and hydra-  headed,, is creeping right up to the doors of the most  devout and best living people in the, whole city. Day  after day, and in fact, night after night, can be noticed  the further extension of those fangs whose grip means  death���not death bodily, which were a pleasure, but  death morally and spiritually, the death for time and  for eternity. -=^=^  You, dear reader, may be inclined to think I am  writing violently upon this subject. You may regret  the exposure. <Yon may hint that in the presence of  people who are pure and good in their thoughts and  deeds, such matters are best left judiciously alone. To  such remarks, for I havf heard them made everywhere, all I can say, is that for a long time I held such  views myself. , But this discussion has been literally  forced upon us, and it were unmanly or unwomanly  now to shirk the duty. If you are open to argument,  and ho doubt you are, let me ask you if you think it  would be your course of action were a poisonous  snake creeping up to the cradle of a dearly beloved  child, to stand idly by and do nothing? No, of course  i l  not. You would act. And do you think the present  state of affairs in Nelson would have been allowed to  come to pass, had the broad, clear light of public discussion been thrown upon the lesser evil from which  this grew ? No, ol course not, and you cannot now  but admit that the fullest discussion of the vice will  do some good at any rate. When the opinions of  many people are heard, out of the chaos of ideas  there may be extracted some, scheme for remedy or  cure.  Let me appeal to those who  have  the   courage  of  their convictions, and the manhood to  defy the devil  and resist his wiles, to join in the anti-vice campaign.  Nothing more or less than this will be  productive of  the" best results. I have something to say to the other  kind  of   people.    . There, are those men, and women  too, who are known to the world as eminently respectable yet who lead lives of shame and hypocrisy. They  are aliens to  manhood.      To  speak, to act, to work  against existing evils jars their feelings and disturbs  the minds of these refined profligates who,- reckoning  vice itself nothing, hold indecorum to be the worst of  the enormities.    In other words, they prefer the semblance to the reality of virtue.    They forgive the one  offence, if another, that of falsehood  and  deceit,., be  added so as to screen the  first  from the public view.  And from some of these people who live  in Nelson���  I speak plainly and with a full knowledge of the consequences���-there comes a   wilri, ungovernable outcry  because forsooth the exposures   that  are  about to be  made will bring into  jeopardy  the  long-established  safety of illicit intercourse and endearing immorality  without which the monotony of their existence would  be unbearable. <  These .people of whom I have now been writing,  will, of course, say that such literature as this can do  no good and will be the cause of much harm. They  will repeat the stale, old argument, with added vehemence to give it force, that the expose is only made  to indulge a loose and purient fancy in providing for  the worst appetites of licentious minds. Of those  likely to heed such twaddle���I hope they are few in  number���I would enquire, who are these grumblers  who fear the light anyway ? Who are these men who  now in horror cry aloud "let us not discuss this evil?"  ,Are they not the very ones who have been turning  their days into nights and their nights into hell ? Are  they not the ones known to the world as fast? Are  they not the very ones whose money pud talents and  physical strength have been and are being wasted at the  altars of their false gods? Are they not the  dangerous men of the community, those who you  may recognize on the s reet but do not wish to bring  to your own homes? If you enquire closely, you will  find that most of them are. The balance are tin-horn  gamblers, frequenters and sports whose very presence  taints the air with foulness.   .  0  In   the  C?.pe   Town    Times   Theodore   Schrienef  writes as follows:      "For seventeen  years  I  have  watched the propaganda for the overthrow of British  power in South Africa, being   ceaselessly  spread  by  every possible means���the press, the   pulpit, the platform, the schools, the colleges, the legislature���until  it has culminated   in the present war, of   which   Mr.  Reitz and his  co-workers  are  the origin and cause.  Believe me, sir, the  day  on   which  F. W. Reitz sat  down to pen his ultimatum to Great Britain was the  proudest  and  happiest   moment of   his life, and one  which for long years had  been   looked forward to by  him_with eager, longing expectation.    He and his coworkers have for years.past plotted, worked, prepared  for this war, and the only matters in connection with  it in which they are disappointed are, firstly, that they  would rather the war had come several years later, so  that their anti-British   propaganda might  more fully  have   permeated   the   country;   secondly, that they  would like to have declared war against England at a  time when she   would   be   involved   in   some great  struggle with a foreign power, instead of a time when  she is free to give all her attention to  South Africa ;  and, lastly, they are disappointed in finding out that  English soldiers can fight." P. G.  That Sunny Settlement.  .'''������.' ,; '..���';.. v. (Kingston Times.)1 ,  Archbishop Eangevin, Speaking at a religious service in Ottawa on Sunday last, at which the premier  was present, said that the educational system of Maui-'  toba was "unsatisfactory to Catholics." This being  the ..view held by the church, it may be expected that  the agitation for a change will go on.  Air  Ay  M  l  II  gll  V\\ 8  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  CURRENT   COMMENT.  The Spartan Boeresses.  (London Empire.)  So zealous are the Dutch in war, that women and  young girls urge the male members of their family to  leave all and go on commando. A traveler passing  the,farm of Mr. P. De Kok,���of the Colesberg district,  the other day, saw Mrs. and the Misses De Kok  ploughing and sowing in order that there might, at  least be some kind of harvest. On the Transvaal  farms, as soon as a man and his sons are commandeered, the females of the family, plough, sow, drive  wagons and adopt the other avocations performed by  the man on duty.,.  Ontario's Disgrace.  (Alexandria Glengarrhm.)  The feeling that comes over the average elector in  reading of the election frauds and debaucheries that  have been perpetrated in the name of patriotism, is  one of absolute nausea. We could wish that these,  evidences of rottenness could be wiped out as speedily  as possible and that Ontario might start with a clean  slate. We believe that the people would be willing  to overlook even the heinous crimes committed on  behalf of the Hardy-Ross government if they believed  that the criminals would be punished, and that the  machine would be throttled by the hands that created  it. But recent events show the unlikelihood of such  an event. .  .  Pay Just the Same.  (Halifax Herald.)  Upper Province papers are very much amused at  Mr,. Felding's silly claim at New Glasgow that the  Eaurier-Tarte combination was entitled to credit for  reducing the postage. Mr. Feiding was evidently  unaware of the fact that the people pay the postage,  the same now as formerly, the only difference being  that they now pay it through the customs and inland  office, instead of in stamps, as formerly. And the  only difference that it makes is to place a larger proportion of the postage bill on those who do not use the  mails. If there be any credit in that it belongs to the  Eaurier-Tarte combination,Jbut that is the only result  of their monkeying with the postage rates  Old Roman Gold.  (L -ndoQ Daily News.)  The excavations on the site of the ancient forum at  Rome still continue to be successfully prosecuted.  East week, for instance, two of the workmen engaged  in the search for antiquities laid open a sewer dating  from the time of Nero, and suddenly became aware  of the presence of a glittering substance. They proceeded to the discovery of 3 quantity of gold coins  embedded in the sediments of the sewer. They filled  a hat with these coins, which, when washed, enumerated and classified, proved to be gold pieces of the  fourth and fifth centuries that had evidently been  thrown where they were found for concealment at the  time of :n incursion of the barbarians, their owners  having had no opportunity of recovering them. They  are all beautifully preserved, and many of them were  evidently fresh from the mint. They are 379 in number and belong to seven different reigns.  Will Boer Resistance Collapse ?  (Loudon Spectator.)  Unless we are mistaken, it was Grant who even at  the  moment  of the greatest  triumphs of the South  declared that the South was like an empty egg-shell.  It looked very round and solid, but all   its   strength  was on the outside.    Once pierce it and-it would collapse, for there ,was nothing  left   inside,.   It is so  with the Boers.    With splendid   pluck   and   energy  they  have  placed   their  whole  armed force on the  frontiers, or rather on our territory, and for   the mo-'  ment they are doing great things.    When once,, however, our- grasp begins to close in on the egg-shell  it  will collapse. The force which makes so, great a show  has nothing to rest upon but  emptiness.    When  the  Boer collapse comes it will be as-quick and complete  as   have   been   the, Boer   achievements in the first  weeks of the war.    But though this is bur  firm  belief, we do not think that the collapse   will   come   at  once.    It will certainly be many months, it may"be a  year, before we pierce the.shell, and it may be, and  indeed  we  think it  probable, that there are in store  for us defeats and anxieties more and worse than any  we have yet experienced.    All we desire to insist on  is  that  the  collapse   will  come, and when it does it  will be extremely sudden and complete. The Boers will  seem stronger ever than before their fall, just as  Lee  did immediately before his defeat.    They were  burying the dead only five or six miles from   Washington  only a mouth or so before the final scene at Appomat-  tox Court House.  Australian Confederation.  (H. H. Lusk in the Forum.)  It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that the close  of the century will witness no more important political event than that of the establishment of the new  federation. The event, will, it is true, present none  of the more startling, and therefore attractive, features  we are accustomed to look for in events generally  esteemed of leading importance in the political history of the world ; and to be fully appreciated, it may,  for that reason, require a closer scrutiny than many  peopleare in the habit of giving such matters. We  are apt to connect the birth of nations with revolutionary wars and declarations of independence; and  there is an old idea which connects with the roar of  cannon and the clash of arms all political events of  a r-reaching importance. The federal union of the  Anglo-Saxon colonies of Australia has none of these  attractions to offer. It has not even the distinction  of being the formal inauguration of a new sovereign  state���of adding one more to the recognized governments of the world. There will be no severance of the  ties that bind Australia to Great Britain ; no formal  change in the relations of the governments; and yet,  in reality, the establishment of the  Pacific common-  I ,���!���-*��� i t rsr,teti.~,>rtLy#<r-r-3���  HiwaMtim. lOTWW. \tm UMMII iTfr  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  P-1  Ik  i  <AI  wealth will mean vastly.more both to England and to  the rest of the world than any political event that has  , occurred for several'decades.  It'S'Your Move, Sir Wilfrid. .  (Events.) '  What will Eaurier do toward preserving Canadian  resources for Canadian people? Will he take the  broad hint thrown out by the action of the Ross government, or will he continue to watch unmoved the  despoilal.ion of ��� Canadian forests' and mines for the  benefit of alien ' investors and alien workingmen ?  Time alone can answer these  questions, but   there   is  ��� one that is more easily answered, and   that is,   What .  should'be the fate of   the   Eaurier   government if it  fails in its duty to   the   Canadian   people?  'jNo   one  will hesitate to say that it should be relieved"of office,  and a more patriotic set of legislators  elected' in   its  , place. ,,   c ���    ���-  with propriety offer their kisses for sale. This is a  somewhat delicate matter. The only, unmarried  members of the committee are Lieut.-Coh Gregory  and Lieut. T. Pooley, and until we have had an  opportunity of asking them if they will present their  blushing cheeks to fair maidens at an upset price and  in the presence of several thousand people, we decline  to express any opinion as to the feasibility of the  scheme, if they should decline, it is possible that  Alderman Hay ward, the treasurer of the committee,  might in view of his municipal aspirations, play the  role of Barkis and be " willin'." ' '  Commercial Value of Kisses.  '(ViYtuH.i Colonic.)  ��� A correspondent sends a clipping from a��� Aberdeen'  .paper, in which the selling of kisses at-a patriotic entertainment is mentioned, and  he  puts' the idea forward as " a   pointer   for  the next' patriotic concert. "  We note that Mr.   Charles   Morton  was among   the  persons whwse kisses "Were  sold, and  as  this   is the  new feature of the case, it  is  to   presumed ��� that ��� our  correspondent thinks that the concert committee might  Why 1900 Is Not a Leap Year.  y " ,      (New York Sun.) ���       ' ���  The year 1896 was a leap  year, and  the   next one  will be 1904, eight years later.    This is on account of  the ingenious device,for maintaining, as nearly as can'  be, concordance between the civil or-Gregorian calendar and the solar or astronomical calendar.      Everybody kno\ys that the time  required   for  the ��� earth to  make a revolution around  the  sun   is  the true solar  year.      It  is   easy to see why,men, in their ordinary  affairs, do not give the year its exact solar time value,  but'employ the civil   calendar  they  have devised in-  , stead of the solar calendar.      The length of the solar  year, expressed  precisely; is  365.242216  days, or  a  little less than 365^' days.    It is obvious that in the  business affairs of life it would be  very .inconvenient  to use  a   time   division   called a year containing so  I Special Sale, of I     it*   ^ ^   i        ��� ' ^  i vm*1- tred ��� Irvine &  32 BAKER STREET.  Special Sale of  Carpets . . t .  $%f  MranvwiriiTrr " 1��� n-n TiwTBaMaaaggc  A  4  'fV  ^B32^S��J^J^^^ay^ November 22  a ,  gains==I  ?Mffflitw-fnr...r!|, ,  very . Department��Bargains  Dress Goods, in Navy and Black,  all wool, storm serges. Sale price,'  35c per yard.  ihit rtm m rfg'SJaWi^eggsgggp&gtyCTuiiiagL^^  Ladies'French   Kid Gloves,  everv h'arpets in Tapestrv,   Brussels, Wil-  pair guaranteed;  worth  SI.50, for g      ton; Velvet and Axmmsler at ex-  >1.00 a.pair. j     treineiy low prices.  Ladies' Jackets   and Mantles less I r . _ ��� ' b2.,oapan\  Ladies' Jackets   and Mantles less! r. ��� ���      m k -  than cost. Linen  Roller Toweling  frvn  ol-a '< ���., .     ���T    , ,���     ,  yard up. { \N bite YVool Blankets irom $2.00 a  Checked Linen Glass   Towcli:^  rti>. *  a. yard up.  5 JiMJ-aip-Size   Wool    Comforts   $1 50  ��   White Saxony Flannel at 20c  per  a      yard.  White Canton Flannel at ocup.  Eider Flannel^ in all colours,  40c.  Children's Cashmere Hose from 15c f     " ' 5     fortioeeae'i  a pair up. Turkey Red Table Damask, ;-!5c up. Ii. .. ,,       \      '      ,       ,   , A,  Ladies'Cashmere Hose 25c. I White Table Oil Cloth, 25c a yard. \ ^^^^^  ����������   ^ <*  White Linen Table' Damask, ;}>. a \     <''1<'M"  yard up. | White Quilts, lar<.ve size; worth $1.00,  ��;       for (ioc r>*i<��!>  Write for  les  We Especially Invite  Inspection and Comparison of  Our Goods with Eastern Prices  ".n^iiriL. >ifcawwraow  I  ���CBH��� ir.iCj.jL.. ���JaM>'=s��rTJw<iiftari3ci^ap n  Butterick  ��� Patterns/  yg-TTJ"JZF��Km*XJ*WJk.T.rTTL"Bl*��*tTgFWffyaKMTTT" S  Xt 10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  many days and a .fraction of a day. For ordinary  purposes the year must be counted as so many days-'  The ordinary year is, therefore, counted as 365 days,  which is nearly a fourth of a day shorter than the  true year. '  "   .   ,        .    CANADA IN LINE.  Not as a bit, of the thin red line,  Nor to light in defence of a diamond mine,  Are our soldier boys at sea to-day, *��  Bound for the Transvaal far away.  But simply to show by heart and hand,  That Canada is with the motherland,  Because, forsooth, we feel she's right  In accepting a challenge to go and fight.  No, not as a bit of any line,  Other than Canada's own, that like the pine  Protects the land that, gives it birth  When battling winds sweep o'er the earth.  And, though the thin red line of yore,  Fought many a glorious battle for  Britain, and all that Britain means,  Canada i��t now out of her teens.  And when she sends her sons abroad,  ���  It,is because she feels her bosom throb  With gratitude towards her, parent dear,  Who never yet an enemy did fear.  Thus, when the narrow-minded Boer  Threw down the glove and closed the door,  Great Britain heaved a sigh of sorrow  Knowing she must punish hirn to-morrow.  Then Canada in her maiden bloom  Spoke across the waters' deepening gloom,  In words of sympathy and cheer,  To say, "Bear mother, remember, I am here.  "And, while I know but little^ indeed,  About the matter in dispute, I only plead  The right to send my volunteers so true  To help resent the insult offered you."  ^Therefore, it is but.as Canadians true,  We stand to-dav for, all the world to view,  And our boys are our boys still,  Whether on sea, battlefield or African hill.  Then pray ye not for a given line,  But for our brothers, yours and mine,  Who as Canada's quickly chosen few,  Stand by Britain, till all is blue���.72. V7. flay.  Makes a Difference.  A famous London physician, had a large practice,  and it was his pride "and boast that he could feel,his  patient's pulse, sound him with a stethoscope, write  a prescription and pocket a fee in a spacerof time  varying from three to five minutes.  One day a man was shown into the consulting  room and was rapidly examined. At the conclusion  he shook hands with the doctor and said :  '' I am especially glad to meet you; as I liave  often  heard my father, Colonel , speak of his old friend,  Dr. ������-."  "What!" exclaimed  the doctor,   "are  you Dick  ���. 's son ?    My  dear fellow, fling that prescription  into the fire, and sit  down and  tell   me   what is the  matter with you.1  ��>  �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ��� ���  ���  t  PLACE YOUR ORDER I  ��\  With us, for now is the time.  We have the largest supply of Groceries,  Crockery, Etc., in Nelson.  ���.V I  USELESS  MENTION    PRICES  as we defy competition.  JUST IN TODAY:  PIGS FEET, \nJiitkiu&nd  HERRING, No  SALMON BELLIES, %%��&"kits-  Labradors.  Special Attention to Mail Orders.  Postof f ice Box K & W  one 10  Baker Street   I  '���:���������'��� ��� #** as:'. . vb-��>^ /fj.^j.y.-,) ^.t.T-j  ' '^v^^j^JHi^g��jft^��jtaiai^jtawua4j^4a^^>,,tT,   eg*-'*-  wwwwttoswrwMwttswis,^^  *   i  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  11  M    1  I i  {  ii /  IK  /  -a  An    Englishman   traveling    in  Maryland had occasion to investigate the running time of the trains  that passed through the small place  where he was  stopping.    Carefully  pearching  a  time  table   he  found  apparently that there would be an  express train due at 4 o'clock 'that  afternoon.     The Englishman   was  on time with his grip, etc., and   so  was the express   train.,     The   intending passenger watched   it,   ap-  ��� pruach and tounder, by the  station  at lop  speed.     The   traveler   v\ap  annoyed, and, turning to a colored  "man who stood near, remarked :  u Thatj'rain didn't stop !"  " No, sir/'   replied    the    colored  citizen   .cheerfully :   "d'id.i'i    ev'n  hes'tate."  STARTLERS  IN PKrCES OF  Wall. Paper  -AT-  Thomson's   Book   Store.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.    r  Drummer Mineral Claim, situate in the  Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenav  District. J  .   Where located:   On westerly slopo of and  near the headwaters of Hover Creek.  Take notice that I, John MoLatchie, P.L.S ,  of the City of Nelson, acting as agent for Rob-  ?J'fc-n.RS,nnie' Free Miner's Certificate No. B  Ll,o3-l, Benjamin F. Butler, Free Miner's Certificate No. 21,610 A, Olive B. Jones, Free  Miner's Certificate No. 21,819 A, and Thomas  LI. Jones, Free Miner's Certificate No. 21,818 A.  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  -of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a. Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  scctlon37,must be commenced before the issu  anceof such certificate of improvements  Dated this second day of October, 1809.  JotixMcLatcitie. '  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  ; Balmoral Mineral Claim, situate mi the  r^l;so.'\ Mini,1S Division of West Kootcnuv  Distriot.  Where Locate : On the fla.ll Mines Wa��-on  Road, 134 mi le   ->ou th of A elson.  Take notice (hat 1, John McLatchie acting as agent for E. W. Clcverslev, Free Miner's  Certificate No. 21,781 A, E. j. Moore, Free  .Miner's Certificate No. 21,782 A, and Peter  Meegan, Free Miner's Certificate No. 21,783 A  intend, sixty days from the dale hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of  Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown Grant of the above claim. ��  And further take notice that action, under  section 87, must be commenced before (lie  issuance of such certificate of improvement^  Dated,this Kith dav of September  189')   JOHN McLATClifR  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Tiger Mineral Claim, situate in   the Nelson'  Mining Division of West Kootenav' District  .   W h e,ve 1 oca ted :   Ab o u t five niil e's wes t from  Nelson,-near.Eagle Creek.  .Take notice that 1, Arthur S. Farwell'M^ent  (?r ^?,r,ge.A- Kirk' -Free:Miner's. Certificate  ,No.bS,��3t>o, intend, sixty davs from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining-Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for t he' pm-po^e  of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  ciaim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 87, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements  .   Dated thisloth day of August, 1899  ���'23-8-99..-, .'     A. S. Farweu,.     '  Osier & Gurd,  Mines and Real Estate  Baker Street,  ...Over...  Bank of Halifax  Nelson, B. C.  t  **v&  NELSON ECON  Prints Everything  Letter Heads  Note Heads  Bill Heads  Statements  Envelopes  easiness Cards  ��  isiting Cards  enu Cards  Receipts  Be Convinced.  ORDERS BY MAIL RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION'.  y* ��*�����. eiauJi-, ji I'.UUi.-.r-Ji^Wi^ J.M W ittJd Cuz)Ui��aLrtM.-Ji  a^iuto��^(iw*��aiM^  ���>Ki^Jb^x��iyTiv-vw��>-MwvjRi������i.��  F.w��m//Ma **�� ��** M W --1  ;'.';<>���  MY FRIEND THE BRAKESMAN  AN  EPISODK.  ���I'  yj  Hi  I.!  :'!  i��� i  hi  y''  |i :'J;  I MET him on the journey from St. Paul to Spokane, in the far West. , He was half asleep when  I sat down beside him, but roused himself to give  me a full half of the seat and to offer me a cigar. I  was struck with his clever face���far more intelligent,"  and even refined, than one would expect to find in a  position where agility and muscle is more needed than  1 anything else.' We fell into conversation, a:ui by  and by I asked him what his wages were a month.  '' Sixty dollars,'' he answered promptly, and  then  said, with an indescribable wink, "and a'little over."  "A little over,.." said I.    "Are there  perquisites?"  "Well, we can call them perquisites," he answered,  with another wink.    "That's as good a name as any.  Well, these���perquisites come to another sixty."  Seeing that I looked surprised, he proceeded to enlighten  me  very  fraukly.    " You see, I'm married.  Naturally I can't keep a wife in comfort on sixty dollars a month.    She's got to have a-piano and dresses  and lots of things, aridcso it takes me a hundred, dollars a month at the very least to keep things  going.  " You work overtime," I suggested.  My friend the brakesman clapped me on  the, back .  and laughed.    "You are Jolly green," he said.    " I  " knew you weren't a spotter, but I didn't know   3-011  were that green."    Then, seeing that Hooked ratlier  pnnoved at his reflections on my   mental, powers, he  "Hastened to add : "Of course you,don't understand.  I'll explain. You know we're sll out for the long  green stuff���" Here, a look of perplexity having  overspread my face, he explained: "The big' mit���  in other words, money. That's what we are all  after. The railway companies know it. Well, here's  the way we work it: Suppose you are going, from  St. Paul to Spokane���fare twenty-five dollars._____You  get on without a ticket and without the twenty-five.  You come to me and tell me how you are fixed. I  say, 'Have you got ten dollars?'. You say, (Yes.'  I say, 'Give me the ten dollars'���take it and give the  . conductor five and keep five and pass you right along.  Nothing wrong in that, is there?"  I gently-remarked that the company might not like  it, but lie laughed. "The man hadn't the twenty-five  dollars and the company wouldn't give him a ticket  for ten. So Where's ..the harm?, We only helped a  poor man in his distress." And then he added in a  lower tone: " Why, if I had only known you a few  hours ago���" but seeing a mild protest in rny face,  he said more seriously: "You think I'm not honest,  but I am���except when I'm working for a corporation. I'd get ahead of them every time if I could..  Now, I worked for a man down at Kansas City. He  treated me square and trusted me. All his accounts '  and  money   went   through my hands.    And.do you.  CERimCATfe OF !?<fi?SlOVEMENTS.  Yakima Mineral Claim, situate in the  Nelson Minint. Division  of West Kootenay  District. " ^    ,       ,    ���        Where located : On Wanay Creek, aujonnng  Tough Nut Mincral CImim.  Take notice that. 1. John McLatvihie. P.L.S.,  of the city of Nelson, acting as agent for  Columbus M. Parker, Free .Mun-rs Certificate No. 2:1.056 A. inr.Mid. sixty rl.iys'trom the  date hereof, to apply !������ l:?o fining Recorder  for aCcrtificat;>.orimp:<;T,-;-i'^:ts for the purpose of obtaining; a Ui'owa <ira:it or the above  ' \nd further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be   commenced before the  issuance of such Certificate of Lmprpvements.  Dated this Kith-day of October, A. D. 1809.  John McLatchie.  6^^^&'i&/,&/^/&,3^^^ ���%�����  CERTIFICATE OF IM7B0VEM SWTS.  "^ast End," "Snnnyskio" and "Badger"  Mineral Claims, situate in the Nelson Mining  Division of West Kootenay District.  Where locMted : On Toad Mountain, east of  and near tbx-'-Crizzly Bear" (Jl-iiin.  Take .notice Unit I, A.S. Far well, agent for  E J Palmer, No. l!(,91i) A. as ti< two-thirds,  and J. H. Wright. No. fc'l.Ol'i A, as to one-third  undivided interest i n said claims, intend, sixty  davs from the date hereof, to apply to the  Mining Recorder for Certificate* of Improvements, for ihe purpose of obtaining Crown  Grants of theabove claims. ,  " And further take notice that action, under  action 87. must he commenced before the  issuance of such Certificates of Improvements.  Dated this 16lli day of October, 1SW).  2fH0-<|'.) A. S. F.VHWELI-  "' LOS  ANGELES  ���8  t  &X1  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  Meat Merchants  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B. C.  .    BRANCHES AT    . .  4^5.  ROSSLAND  SANDON '  TRAIL  NELSON  KASLO  THREE FORKS  SLOGAN CITY  *i  ^^^^^^%^^ ^^^%^M^%V^^^^i^^^%^ ^^  ininQ  THE GREAT MINING JOURNAL OF THE  GREAT SOUTHWEST.  IG Pages, with Heavy Cover EVERY WEEK.  LOWEST PRICED  Mining Journal on the PACIFIC COAST.  Subscription $2 a Year.  Single Copies 5 cents.  y   .'send..FOR '.  RLE Copy-free  '110-1.12 N.Broadway, Los Angeles Cat.  x\t TroTnnrffinrrinrYVjraTnnr^^  VV  HBNT you buy ���. ��� <-���<  OKELL <& MORRIS* _^T___ '      ?   Preserves^ MORR'S'  'WCTWgmiamM  *       %  c< yon wft what are pure British Columbia  o( frnii and sugar, and your money is left at  Vo   home.  m^$^rr^9JLSiSiSiSLSiSLajULSL JL5JLOJliLJL2JLOJUUL5L2->.  ���   Are absolute y the  PUREST AND BEST  Gome in and   inspect   our   stock   of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furhisliings.  araware,  Wj\  f>l  'M.''< ^LZJk=L  &euBUsitBaasHMemmtv*3DMarstt  I  i?  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  13  f   /  ��   I  Af  11  suppose I'd cheat hiin?    No, sir;  not  a cent,  and  .���^ whac's more, I wouldn't let any one' else, as sure as  raj' name is Walter Clay!" ,  Musing over the inconsistencies that  go  to  make  up this  human   nature  of ours, when my friend the  brakesman left me, I took out a book  and  painfully  .  "\      ��� waded nry way through a few pages despite   the  bad  *--' light, when the  book  was jerked away from me as  though by an invisible hand; the car rocked fearfully,  and at last, with a crash, turned over and I found myself with it_3* head jammed against one of the,windows  ���not seriously injured, but badly enough bruised.  When the excitement, which, of course, was tremendous, had subsided we found that while, every  one had suffered more or less, only.one man ��� was  G killed���and that was the brakesman, young Clay. , I  felta great sorrowat'hearing this. He was such a  bright young fellow, and had shown himself such"  a curious mixture pf "slickness" and honesty, that  ought to have shocked me, but it didn't; and 1 made  ver}^ anxious inquiries as to his death.  The conductor toid me :. "When the engine got  away with us, one of the cars threatened to break  loose, just as we'came to the long bridge. Kvery soul  on that car would have been killed, teu.chances to  one. I've seen that sort of thing before,'.' and the  conductor paused a moment and wiped his forehead.'  "Well, Walter got between them cars somehow and  made them fast. It was a foolhardy thing to do, but  it saved lots of lives."  "And that was how he died?"  "Yes; he  fell in"between   them  somehow, and of  course���''    The conductor was going to give me  details, but I stopped him.    I didn't want  to  think   of  the vigorous 37oung man I had been" speaking   to an"  hour before, a crushed, mangled corpse.  " It's hard on his   wife." the  conductor  went  on.  " He thought a powerful lot of her."  We were both silent for a while; and then we   went  on our respective ways.  I am glad to say that the passengers whose lives  had been saved by Clay's bravery collected a handsome amount for his widow. I have often wondered,  if Clay could have - returned to life, what he would  have thought if he had seen the .monument that the  railway compaiiy erected to his memor3r as that of a  gallant, faithful and honest euiDloye.  ' Such is life! ' B.  TVrOTICE is hereby given that after the expiration of lliirty days  ��S from the date hereof we l'mend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works at Victoria. H. <:., for a lease for twenty-  one years for the purpose of quarrying. Limestone, for sale and disposal, over the following lands, situated ou theeasl hank of Lower  Arrow Lake,,about six miles north of Peer P��rk on .said lake, and  about 000 yards due oast from the shore of said lake, comprised  within the following boundaries: Commencing at a poet inscribed,  '���Initial Post, W. A. Gsthiher, Frank .Seidei and Allan Forrester's  S3. W. corner, planted and located December 0th, 18!)!);'' thence due  north 'JO chains; thence due east at right angles 20 chains; thence  due south and parallel to the western bounda.iy 20 chains: thence  due west 20 chains to the point of commencement, containing 40  acres, more or less. ' ,  Dated this 12th day of December, ISftj).  " ��� W. A.��GALLIHER,  '     ' FRANK SEIPEL,        ,    " ���  ALLAN FORRESTER.  , AI nmuut ahu! fic.no  JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS  Fine Watches a  Specialty  NELSON, 8. G.  ' THE HALL STREET GROCER  Family Groceries  Every Ivine Fresh.  Fruit iir Season.  P^  .n olograph e?.<  VANCOUVER   AND   NELSON  Near i'liair Motel, Victoria Street Nelson.  H   V*    a  a   B '^ fiiS   �����.   tor  vVH   g   %f   \i  >t    g  ,*-.  Dominion &u-;s  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  Ops. -GosfOiii House, Ke!s^";Ae; C.j  ,ptuB:���hotel���i,;-'  /������:;y.;  Corner Stan lev,and silica Sts.  RATES; $i per day and up.  ,.������'��� Schooner Beer, 10 .cents  E. J. Curran, Proprietor.  CERTIFICATE OF fMPROVEM ENTS.  Ash, Lady Aberdeen, Lilv Fraction,- .Minto  Fraction ar.d Iladdo Fraction MincralC'lainis,  situate in the N'elyon Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.  Where located:   On Morning Mountain.  Take notice that I. lohn Mel.atchie. f'.L.S,  of Nelson, acting >:.s ���'gent for Herbert T. Wilson, Free Miner's Cv.njfien(e No tiUH'A) A,  David T. Mowal, Fre-e Miner's Certificate No.  21,718 A, and Malcolm Jloddlc. Free Miner's  Certificate No B 11,011. intend, sixty days  from the dale hereof, lb ai-ply to the Mining  Reorder for Ce*'f.Jliejites of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining Crown Giants of  the above claims.  nd further take notice that act ion, under  . must be commenced   before   the  issuance iif,such Cerliflo.-ite of imurovemonts.  Dated thi.slith day of October. A. D. IS99.  John MuLatokik.  section   3i  Express and Draying  Having purchased the express- and dray in  business of J". W. Cowan,-\ve are prepared' fo  do all kinds of Avork in this line:, and solicit  the patronage of the people of Nelson. Orders  left at D. Ale Arthur & Co's store, northwest  corner Haker and Ward streets, wiil receive  prompt attention.   Telephone So.  Wholesale and i:etail  Dealers in  m  $" $ $  \ H  GOMER   DAVIS.  50   YEARS'  EXPERSENCE  *S3i��  Camps supplied on shortest  notice and lowest prices.  Mail orders  receive   careful  L       i  attention.  Nothing but fresh and  wholesome meats and supplies  kept in stocky  ���   p  Tp fr y r Q   M <y ^ ^  l fiRI  JD  3  I  5k  It:  Trade Marks  DESfGfMS  Copyrights &c.  Anyone sending a sketch mid description mny  quickly ascertain our opinion free wheLhor an  invention is.prohahly patentable. Coninnmicu-  tions strictly confidential. Handbook ou Patents  sent free  Oldest agency for securing patents.  Patents taken through Munu & Co. receive  special notice, without charge, iu the  w.^a .>  tkjte-?  i^s^tn titt^M'-"?  s i i aw,' a 3����� Ll tt,i s i �� 5  St..  A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest circulation of any. scientific'journal. Terms, $3 a  vear; four months. $1.  Sold by all newsdealers.  \M & Co.36,B'oa^ New York  Branch Office. 625 F St., Washington, D. C.  3 *' ^  \* ^3 L oi s z  Josephine Street  Neilson.  1  ' 'i  1  XT  I      I  l:-M  BBBiiiiiaaajajMaMawi^^ -Sfr"*?iz.~���iXl-1'.KLia.' t-z&s^ms y sj -<ir&*~iKsaii^. .**- ow^)m^  ci^ ^aKg.*tt-*jaisn.~rxmrr~ ttyrrvt\*. ,��>wj;>VKiir.��A-aer*.iei*v*.-TS!  ^Lt: .��i.* j$rs!*~ts-'>iT'~x��U***iTtvvzx4i,  I1  14  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  i  J, rr  l m  ': ��  i $  -  0  '!;��  i. *<  i A?  "j'.lv  .A;  -K  'iA,..  Aiv  ���Mr; ������  Ii'"'.  si i  yi ?  I'm ;  lii'.  Sir Charles Tupper.  ^Victoria Colonist.)  The verdict of  everyone' after hearing Sir Charles  t  Tupper last night was that he is a remarkable rnan.  It is hard to realize that the fresh and vigorous looking gentleman who held the interest and aroused the  enthusiasm of the large audience for, so long a time  last night, is approaching his sevei^-ninth year."  He has the energy of a man twenty years younger, a  memory that is simply marvellous, and a manner of,  expressing himself that is polite though forceful. His  hold upon the confidence of his party and the couutiy  grows stronger every day. In his speech last night  Sir Charles' presented clearly and powerfully the  views on the issues of the day in the federal arena,  which are accepted by the party led by him. It is  not necessary to present a resume of them here, for  they are fully set out in the our report of the meeting.  They are not only the,, views of a, party/but of a  statesman, who was one of the chief artificers of this  Dominion, and who of all men now living in Canada  has done most to make our country what it  is.      As  such they would be entitled to and would receive the  -greatest consideration, apart from the fact that they  represent the principles and policy which the people  will ratify when next they are appealed to. The  visit of the veteran leader to the province and this  city will have an excellent effect. He comes at a par-,  ticularly favorable time in one respect, because he  finds the Liberals a' badly divided party, and many' of  tlierri are ready to transfer their allegiance to the men  who stand in our politics for the , policy of progress  and good government. He will leave the Conservative party here stronger than he found it, and it was  already strong enough to carry the province. We  wish Sir Charles a safe and pleasant journey back to  Ottawa, and can assure him that he leaves in British  Columbia a united and growing party that only  awaits the opportunity to retrieve the result of  1896.  Percy Goepel, Victoria,,son of Mr.yand Mrs. W. J.  Goepel, is visiting his parents here, enjoying his  holidays.   '  rav^S^-wr .���WffevaSV..-   ' ���  ���'������������. .  CANADIAN .>y..  ^'PACIFIC KY  &ND   S00 LINE  The Direct Route from Kootenay   Country  to All Points.  FIRST-CLASS SLEEPERS  son  Doors, Sashes and Turned Work  Brackets and Office Fittings  On All Trains from  REVE! STOKE AND KOOTENAY LOG  TOURIST CARS pass Medicine Hat daily for  St. Paul, Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto, Friday.** for Montreal and Boston. Same  cars pass Re'velstoke one day earlier.  CONNECTIONS  To and from Robson, Rossland.  7.10 ex Sun, Lv.. .NELSON..Ar. ex.Sun.10.10  18.00 daily Lv NELSON Ar. daily 21.40  Morning train connects for all points in  BOUNDARY COUNTRY  Evening train connects to and from Main  Line and Points North, and (except Sundays) from all Points in Boundary Country.  KOOTENAY RIVER  ROUTE.  Dailv StrMoyie Daily  23.00 Lv NELSON Ar. 16.20  Connects Kootenay Landing with Crow's  Nest- Branch trains.  KOOTENAY LAKE-KASLO  ROUTE.  Ex. Sun.             Str. Kokanee Ex. Sun  16.00 Lv NELSON........... Ai. 11.00  Saturdays to Argenta and return, leaving  Kasloat '20.001c.   ;  SANDON AND SLOGAN  POINTS.  9,00. ex Sun. Lv...NELSON..Ar. ex/. Sun. 14.20  hours ���NELSON TO  ROSSLAND���hours 4  Satisfaction Guaranteed.   Prices Reasonable  ��=<g>  For rates   and   full  information   address  nearest local agent, or  C. E. Beasley, City Passenger Agent.  R. W. Drew, Agent, Nelson.  W.F.Anderson, E. J. Coyle,  Trav. Pass. Agent, A. Q. P. Agent  Nelson. B.C. Vancouver   B. C  COMHANDING ATTENTION  is   simply a  matter  of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Homespuns are .marvels of  good quality, good style and  good workmaship. The  value is great.  I KOOTENA Y LAKE SA W MILL ��� I  Lumber,  Lath,  Shingles.  G. O. BUC H AN A N, Proprietcr.  Orders   Promptly   Filled   and j Sash & Doors  Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings,  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street. Turned Work  JOHN RAE, A GENT.  m  <i\


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