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The Nelson Economist Dec 14, 1898

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 >  !���, ;j  -.<*''  VOL. II.  ith which  is incorporated THE  NATION, of Victoria, B.C.  NELSON.   B.  C,   WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER  14,1898.  NO.   23.  THE NE;LSON'ECONOniST  Issued every Wednesday at the city of Nelson, B. C.  D. M. Carley Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Qne Year to Canada and United States 7 $2.00  ��� If paid in advance  1.50  One Year to Great Britain  2.50  If paid in advance   2 00  Remit by Express, Money Order, Draft,  P. O.  Order,  or  Registered Letter.  Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited.  Advertisements of reputable character will be inserted  upon terms which will be made known on application. Only  articles of merit will be advertised in these columns and the  interests of readers will be carefully guarded against irresponsible persons and worthless articles.  EDITORIAL COMMENT.  Jim Hill sustained his well-established  reputation for interviewing interviewers when  called upon by the 'Nelapn-Mtner representative. In fact reporters have always found  in Mr. Hill a. very unprofitable subject for investigation. What he did say was . to the  p>int, and few will disagree with him in his  contention that the Nelson & Fort Shepherd is  a very "s-loppy line." His statement that he  would move the depot further away will not  scare any one, but it may have the effect of  influencing merchants to refuse patronizing  the line any more than they can possibly help  in the future.  The marvellous growth of Kootenay is affording London journalists with a text for the  discussion of British Columbia development.  In Eastern Canada also everything in the  papers pertaining to British Columbia is  read with interest.  Cambridge University made Lord Kitchener of Khartoum a doctor of laws. The  Khalifa made   Mayor Kitchener  a  doctor of  wars.  The Toronto Telegram says: "Canada's can-  .als can simply not be opened to United States  warships built on the great lakes, and any  treaty which authorizes such an outrage  should doom its Canadian authors to disgrace  and defeat. Canada looks to Sir Wilfrid  Laurier and Sir Richard Cartwright to rt-  strain Lord Hersehell's desire to go thundering down the   ages as   the maker of a treaty.  All the information which has yet come to  hand indicates that Lord Herschell is far  from equal to the greatness of his opportunity.  He knows very little about Canada, and his  ambition to figure in history as the framer of a  treaty is somewhat less important than the  interests which would be endangerd by any  treaty enfranchising a possible enemy with  the right to use the canals as a short cut to  Canada's very heart. The Liberal party  would be a thousand times stronger if its  leaders carriexbaok from Washington without  a treaty than it will be if they come back  with a treaty which endangers the very life of  Canada, for the sake of founding a warship,  building industry in four American cities."  Vancouver is now revelling in the luxury  of a burglary epidemic. The Province., in  criticizing the conduct of the Chief of Police,  confesses that "the announcement that a  number of robbers are doing business in a city  certainly does not enhance its attractiveness  in the eves of good citizens."  It is understood that the 100th Royal   Canadian Regiment will   be recruited'in Canada.  This regiment was raised in 1858, but recruiting was   stopped in 1860,  on   account of the  expense of  transporting recruits   to the headquarters depot in England.    This   had the effect  of gradually   eliminating  the  Canadian  element  from   what   was   then a. distinctive  Canadian imperial   regiment both in title and  nationality.   While the 100th remained a Canadian regiment, it had a most eventful career.  It never   gained   a reputation   for strict   discipline but the fighting qualities of the   rank  and file were never brought into question.  The Otttawa Citizen of Saturday, December  3, was one of the greatest papers ever sent out  from any publication office in Canada. A  leading feature was the vast amount of reading matter of a character that should interest  Canadians.  The treaty of peace between Spain and the  United States was signed last Saturday night.  The historical document has the following  signatures attached to it: William R. Day  Senator Cushman K. Davis, Senator William  P. Frye, Whitelaw Reid and Senator George  Gray;   Senor  Montero Rios,   Senor Abarziza,  Sener Garnica, Senor Vijlaurutia, and General Correo y Saons, each Commission signing  its opponent's treaty. The terms of the treaty  had been so thoroughly discussed beforehand,  that the signing of it created but little interest at Washington.  Ottawa Qittizen: u 'We hold a vaster empire than has been.' Such is the; luminous  and nighty grammatical observation engraved  on Hon. Mr. Mulock's new imperial penny  postage. If Mr. Mulock muBt have an original imprint he might substitute on the next  issue something like: 'This is the only thing  about the British Empire that you can lick,  with impunity.3  )   V  The Inland Sentinel says the opposition  press refer to Attorney-General Martin as the  "most unutterably bad man that any country  was ever inflicted with." We protest on ��ur  own behalf against any such interpretation  being placed on the remarks of The Economist. This paper may believe that Mr. Martin is the "most unutterably bad man that  any country was ever inflicted with," but it  refrained "from placing its thoughts in the  words printed by our contemporary.  It may be only a coincidence, but it is a fact  that on or about the date of the beginning of  the next session of the Dominion^ Parliament  a variety theatre  will be opened  in  Ottawa.  There are  several   subscribers   indebted t��  this paper.    We would like to get the  money  at once.    Fact   is  we have  in contemplation  the purchase of a  Christmas present  for   Joe  Martin.  A London dispatch says: "Two British regiments have been ordered to Swat." Wonder  swat's the matter with Swat?  An American has just expressed a frank  opinion concerning the question of reciprocity  with Canada: "I am quite amused at the  injured attitude of Canadian papers," said he,  "over Uncle Sam's position on the lumber  question. They claim that we want the best  end of the bargain���why, of course we do!  We're not in business for the benfit of charitable institutions! While we do not wish the  whole earth, we do want as much of the full-  SSSBBBOTSaSESHSS^^ 2  asss:  THE ECONOMIST.  ness thereof as   the Lord���and   Canada���will  allow usl"  The British Columbia Forest and Stream  Club is taking measures to prevent netting and  use of explosives in the trout streams throughout the province.  Referring to the quarantine regulations,  the Kamloops Standard says: "Romeo and  Jul et performances can now be seen any  night. Loving husbands, cruelly separated  from the families, can be seen in the gardens  talking to their wives in the balconies. They  never knew before how much they valued  them."  Montreal had a good trade during the past  summer, but it was not so large as the  year  before.    The cattle shipped numbered 101,236,  whereas in 1897 the number was 121,375,   but  part of  the loss   was in United States  cattle.  The   export of  sheep and   horses   was only a  little over half that  of 1897.    In   1897  Montreal shipped 2,102,985 boxes of cheese.    This  year the total is   1,888,785 boxes.    There is  a  slight gain in butter shipments.    The drop in  the value of   all dairy products  shipped from  Montreal iss according to the Gazette, not less  than a million dollars.  who i��   understood   to have been an  aspirant  for. more than one position in this province in  the gift of the   Ottawa  government since   the  Liberals  have controlled the patronage, Hon.  Joseph Martin was one of the speakers.    The  News'-Advertiser says:    "Mr. Martin spoke for  some time  on Liberal politics and then  came  back   to home   party  polities.    He  and    Mr.  Maxwell   had both   endeavored  to make Mr.  Fraser a resident of British  Columbia by trying to  get   him  appointed chief  justice here.  They   bad failed,   owing to the   exclusiveness  and narrow policy  adopted in the  province.  He had no sympathy with the exclusive law  of British   Columbia   which  prevented   good  tried men, both at the bar and in the  medical  profession, from coming   into the   province to  practice   without   having   first prospected  on  its mountains  or worked   in   its   streets.    He  hoped to  get,   some  day,   the abolishment of  such laws and added that the   College of Physicians of   Manitoba   had written to him asking for his   aid in   that direction.    The   onlv  test that should be put to a man   was:   'Is he  capable, and is he a loyal Canadian?'"  iigating the matter cannot   reasonably attach  any blame to any person  connected with   th*  steamer, and that the cause  of the foundering.,  of th�� steamer remains amvsterv.and further,  that the captain used good judgment in his behavior in rescuing   passengers.    Nevertheless,  this  Board is  of the opinion   that, in cases of  accidents of   this kind, where   there has   been  considerable loss of life, the Goverment should  make the fullest investigation  as to the cause /���  thereof."    Copies   of this   resolution   will   be J  forwarded   to  Attorney-General   Martin  and  the.Minister of Marine and Fisheries.  The general  impression   seems  to be  that  there   remain   no  strange   lands   to   explore.  But this is not the case.    There are still a few  opportunities left���the region of theOxus and  the great central deserts of Asia, Southern and  Central   Arabia,   especially   the  country    between Aden   and   Muscat,   the Siberian  coast  line, Western and Eastern   Sahara, West and  North-west of Lake Rudolf, parts of  the Canadian   Dominion,     the    Andes,     Patogonia,  Southern Venezuela, and many other places in  South America, which is   a sadly  unexplored  continent.  It is announced that the life of Gladstone is  to be written ^by John Morley. This "Life"  will not in all probability appear for four or  five years. The last years of the great statesman's life will have to be skimmed over, there  being, it is said, certain matters that eannot  be published during the life of Queen Victoria.  Mr.   Gordon   Hunter,   who   is   defending  Messrs.   Ellis   and   Lugrin,   on   the     charge  brought   against them   for contempt of  court  has raised a novel   point.    In   effect, he  sayj  that Mr. Jus tic Martin is  not legally a   judge  at   all,   his   appointment   by   the  Dominion  Government   being    invalid.      Mr.     Hunter  quoted  from the   Supreme   Court   Act, which  is    to   the    effect     that   a    barrister    must  have practiced at least ten years before   being  appointed a jud<7e   of the   court.    It   appears  that Mr. Martin was only admitted to the bar  of the Province in 1894.    Should it   t-anspire  that Mr. Justice Martin is   not legally   qualified to sit on the Bench,   no doubt every   case  that has   been decided   by   him,  will   be  appealed.    In the meantime   Mr. Justice   Drake  has the matter under  consideration  and   will  render a decision on   the  point  raised in  the  course of a few days.  U. S. Senator Cushman K. Davis  has been  interviewed iri Paris by   the correspondent  of  a   London   newspaper.      Senator   Davis   advocates a triple alliance between Great Britain  the United States and Japan.  Mr. Davis is reported to have said that British and American  interests in the far East run parallel, and that  therefore the  two  powers should act jointly.  "I am not   appealing to   sentiment," he  said,  "though blood is thicker than water, and this  argument should not be ignored.    My  theory  in favor of  co-operation is   borne out by   the  coldest logic.    I favor a treaty of  alliance including the United States,  Great Britain and  Japan for the protection   of all their   interest*  north ofthe  equator.    The   rest of  the world  would have wholesome fear,   synonymous for  respect, for us."  That Nelson is going ahead is best evidenced  by the fact at least five large firms will build  warehouses here in the early spring. This  Economist h^s this information from the most  reliable source, and gives it as proof of the  faith commercial men have in the future of  Nelson as a distributing center.  William Black, the celebrated novelist is  dead. His books have been read by many  who will regret his death.  In a few weeks Nelson will have a curfew  law, and boys of immature years will have to  remain at home at night unless they can give  a reasonable excuse for being abroad. The  Economist does not believe in placing too  strong a curb-on the boys, but a law of this  character seems to be absolutely necessary in  Nelson at the present time.  It is said that Mrs. Nack, the murderess, is  going Mind in Sing Sing penitentiary. It is  a curious circumstance that so many murderesses become afflicted with illness that  nothing but freedom will cure. Take Mrs.  Maybrick, for instance, she has been dying for  the past eight years.  The death sentence of Eleazear Mann, who  killed his mother-in-law, has been commuted  to imprisonment for liie. Mothers-in-law will  make a note of the fact, and govern themselves accordingly.  At   a   convival   gathering    of   Vancouver  Liberals in honor  of Mr. D. C. Fraser, M. P.,  Poets in Lesther and Cloth Bindings for Christ-  mas Gifts.   Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.  From the evidence adduced in regard to the  sinking of the Ainswcrth it would appear as  if the captain and officers were not in any way  responsible for the disaster. This is the view  the Board of Trade has taken of the matter.  The following resolution was by moved Mr. T.  G. Proctor and seconded by Mr. H. B. Thomson  and adopted:    "That  this board  after  inves-  Work on the new opera house is going  ahead and will be opened to the public on or  about February 1st. The new house of amusement will be the largest of its kind in the  Kootenay and will be able to accommodate the  largest combinations on the road. Nelson,  from an amusement point of view, has had to  take a back seat long enough, and it is pleasing to note sthat our citizens will soon be  amply provided with healthy entertainment.  The Ottawa Citizen deals with the Anglo-  American craze thus : " We must confess  that this Anglo-American gush in England  is commencing to afflict  us with   that   tired  Purses   and   Wallets, Choice   Goods,   Silver-  Mounted, at Thornsors Stationery Co., Ltd.  Fancy Goods  for  Christmas  Gifts.   Thomson  Stationery Co., Ltd. THE ECONOMIST.  It y  .y  feeling.     Only a   few   years ago���we  might  say  months���the   stolid   Britisher   regarded  everything American  with  a   stoney  British  stare of disapproval, or lifted   his   monocle to  inspect examples   of  the genus   Americanus,  and make deprecatory remarks about them in  a lofty tone.     Now the fashion has   changed,  and, taking their  cue  from   the higher   diplomatic officials, the British people are toadying to Brer Jonathon in a   way that,   to  say  the least, is hardly dignified or decent.     Not  a year ago the   press   and   public   across   the  water were ridiculing the   'shirt sleeve,''barroom' diplomatic methods of old Senator Sherman and sneering at   the   uncultivated   Btyle  of international intercourse affected by United  States   diplomatists.     Now    we     have     Sir  Edmund   Monson,   British     ambassador     to  France,   extolling  the   ' new   dipolomacy'   of  our dear cousins across   the  border and   prophesying that it will sweep the old diplomatic  , methods out of existence.'      And what is   the  'new diplomacy'  so extolled ?   The   wealthy  republic gets poor old Spain's   head   in chancery and, after pounding   it   until  the   effete  and   bankrupt  monarchy   give3   in,    dictates  -terms, and bluntly tells   Spain that   she   can  keep debts, but must give up all her colonies.  WThen the Spanish  peace  commissioners   try  diplomatic methods to sweeten the bitter pill,  the American 'diplomatist' puts on a John L.  S alii van scowl   and says'.':"���' Yous   ain't   no  good��� se'e-?-���    If  yous don't pony   up  before  de referee calls time, we'll start in   an'   t'ump  you agin���see V      And poor old   Spain   looks  hopelessly about  for help,   and   then,   seeing  none, throws  up   her   hands,   metaphorically  speaking, and the despoiler holds   her   up   in  road agent style and hands back a few shekels  to help the stranded one on to the next town.  That may be diplomacy, but we confess to  be  unable to discover anything   ' new'   about   it.  Rather late in the day, the Canadian press is  becoming much alarmed   at   the   prospect   of  Canada's interests being   sacrificed under  the  guise   of   this    international    convention    to  further   this   Anglo-American    craze    which  seems to be afflicting the British people.      We  pointed out this danger when   the  conference  first met, and if the  other   papers   of   Canada  had sounded a good   strong   note   of   warning  the danger might   have   been   averted.      But  it looks very   much   now   as   if   the mischief  has been done.     And the   people of   the    Dominion will regard with feelings of apprehension the announcement'of   the   result   of   the  conference.     If the fears how expressed prove  to be   well    founded,   and    it   appears    that  Canada's   interests   have   been    sacrificed,   it  will be an unfortunaie thing indeed."  The Winnipeg Commercial in its review of  business it British Columbia, says: "Merchants are now almost entirely relying on  the east for eggs and baiter. The local  creamery brings fancy prices whilst new laid  e^KH are very scarce at 60 and 65 cents  Am-tteur economic   are again  writing   letters  Buy a Kodak or Camera for a Christmas Present, at Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.  in the press expressing regret at the fact  that  so much  money is going out of the   province  every year   for produce   that should   be supplied by our farmers.    Wholesalers spoken  to  regarding   the   matter   say    that     provincia  farmers get the very best   prices for   products  ���'but the quantity they furnish   is only a   drop  in the bucket and   British Columbia  is essentially a mining   country and   must   draw her  food supplies from   outside.    Of  course,   fruit  is an exception, as far as supply is concerneclv  British Columbia   grows almost  enough fruit  to supply her own  markets.    Eastern   apples  are losing ground   owing to   condemned shipments.   The British Columbia apple, however^  is   not   so   firm    in quality as   the  eastern.  Consumers here must have Ontario apples and  importers mu^t supply them.    Large   quantities of  California   and   Oregon fruit   must be  carried also by dealers."  In the Liliooet election case, the preliminary  objections have been dismissed by Mr. Justice  Martin, and the trial will proceed in a few  days. Mr. W. J. Taylor appears for Mr.  Stoddart and M. L. P. Duff for Mr.   Prentice.  The News Advertiser,   when   it issued   the  following   challenge,     made     uself     simply  ridiculous :      "We state deliberately that the  Opposition press or   speakers   cannot   specify  one case in which an employe of the    Government has   been   dismissed   to  make   way   for  a political supporter.      The  dismissals   have  been made on   different   ground.      Some  employes   have   beerr" discharged   because  there  was no reason for their-eng-jgemeut and   their  places have not been and  will   not   be   filled.  Others have   been  dismissed   because   it   was  notorious that they were incapable of performing the duties which they   were   supposed    to  do.      In other case3   persons   have   been   dismissed for emproper conduct on the report   of  their  superior officers.      We   challenge   anyone to deny this or to give   a   single   instance  of  any   person   being   discharged simple   for  partisan reasons."     The Vancouver   World, in  accepting   the  challenge,   says:    "If   we  desired we could give many  instances in   which  capable public   servants  have been dismissed  from   office  by   the   pr.sent  Administration  simply because they were   friendly to the one  that the   Lieutenant-Governor   so   arbitrarily  and unjustly  displaced.    But  as Mr.   Cotton  asks for   one   case   in the extract   which appears above copied  from the  News-Advertiser  of Saturday morning   we hasten  to   meet   his  wishes.    In   the   decapitation   of   Mr.    R.  E.  Gosnell, acknowledged to   be a capable   librarian, the use of the axe was cowardly and unjustifiable.    He  acted  also as   private    secretary to the Premier   and filled both   positions  creditably.    It is a recognized  fact at   Ottawa  that gentlemen   who  hold   confidential   relations with the   Ministers are not  subjected to  partizan malevolence when a change occurs in  the   Government of   the   day.     For   instance,  Mr. Joseph Pope,   who was   the bosom  friend  and fidss Achates of Sir   John A.   Macdonald   |  is now United Secretary of  State and   Deputy  Register-General   and is managing,   under Sir  Wilfrid Laurier, the details of the Washington  conference. The secretary of the Minister of  Railways and Canals, Mr. J. Lambert Payne,  formerly acted in the same capacity to Sir  Mackenzie Boweil when he was Prime Minister of the country, And so on, Mr. Gosnell  had his official head cut off to make way for  C.\b. Sword,"  Mr. R. E. Gosnell, formerly Provincial  Librarian, is arranging to form a University  extension course in British /Columbia. Mr.  Gosnell is admirably qualified to undertake  work of this kind and we have no doubt- he;  will succeed. The Victoria Times of a recent  date, says: "The association has publisned a  series (of studies in subjects of wide and general interest, the readings .in each subject and  subdivision being prepared by university professors and specialists, some of whom are of  world-wide fame. These studies include universal-history, universal literature, political  economy, political science and sociolog}', religion and theology, and some of the sciences.  This list will be extended from time to time  to include other important studies of popular  interest. The important feature ofthe system  is that it proceeds on the principle of doing  one thing at a time and doing it well. A  reader may select any one of the subjects in  which he is most interested, and the course is  so arranged that his readings will, if faithfully  "prosecuted-, furnish him wiih a fundamental  and yet comprehensive knowledge of it. It is  not claimed that he will become an authority  on or exhaust the subject, but he will be  placed in a position of advantage in respect  to his general reading and ^in further pursuing hiri studies. He will have laid a good  foundation. Reading centres will be formed  in each community where practicable, resident instructors appointed to assist, and examinations held, as to the results of which certificates will be granted."  Sir Colin Campbell  Russian horsemen were coming on fast, and  a grim silence fell on the highlanders. Then,  as the beat of the hostile troops sounded deeper and louder, a curious quiver ran down the  long two deep line of the Ninety-third. The  men were eager to run forward and charge.  "Ninety-third, Ninety-third !"   rang   out   the  fierce voice of Sir  Colin   Campbell.     " D-���n  all   that eagerness !"     He   had    previously  ridden down the line   and  told his soldiers:  " Remember, there  is  no retreat  from   here,  men.      You must die where you stand."   And  from   the   kilted   privates  came the cheerful  answer, " A}Te, aye, Sir Colin ; we'll do that i"  The Russians were now within   range,   and  the fire of  the highlanders rang out  sudden  and  sharp.      A   few   horses   and   men   came  tumbling    down,  and    the   Russian   cavalry  wheeled instantly to the left,    threatening   the  right flank of the   highlanders.     Campbell, a  cool and keen soldier, saw the  skill   of   this  movement.      " Shadwell," he said, turning to  his aid-de-camp, " that man  understands  his  business."     So, too,   did   Campbell,  who   instantly deflected his line so as to   protect   his  right, and met the advance  with   a   destructive volley, before which   the Russian   horsemen at once fell back.  1  1  I  1  1  m  ���Mai  s?-*!  ��-*'il  w-at  m  m  m  m  I  m  <m  km  $  I 4  THE ECONOMIST.  AFTER MANY YEARS.  m  !f.  ll  'I  u  It was a summer night in Cawnpore in   the  year 1857.    Two lovers stood  within the convenient shade of a veranda saying a long farewell���till the morrow.    The  stars were  shin -  ing that  radiance which makes the  peculiar  glory of   an Indian night,  and   the  air   was  heavy with the scent of the champak blossom.  "Good night, my darling.    I  must  go, and  each moment  only makes   it harder to   leave  . you."'.; ''���.'��� ,  "Go then.     Who is keeping you?"  "You!    You witch!    How well  you   know  your power.    Haven't you kept me ten  whole  minutes when   I ought  to have started on my  rounds ages ago?" V  "I have kept  you!    How   dare you  imply  r such a thing?    I have   been longing for  your  departure.    T���I am very sleepy," with a a re-  rally  simulated  yawn   and   wide   open mischievous eyes.  "Well, I am. going. Really, this time.  By the bye, you know I cannot come till late  tomorrow evening. I wish to goodness I were  not adjutant. What's the use of a few extra  rupees when it takes up all my time so that I  never see you any now?"  "Oh, what   a   story and   what  a  frown I    I  can see it quite plainly."  "You   cannot.    I can   only  just  see  your  white frock   and the   lines   of your hair   and  that scarlet   thing   on your head,   and���your  eves.    I see them wherever I am.    When   the  colonel gives me an order I stare straight over  his head till   I know   he   thinks I have  gone  crazy, and I see there���in   the air���two  dark  brown   eyes,   sparkling with   wickedness and  shining lik�� the stars above us   now���and"���  The remainder   of the   speech was   arrested  by a little hand   which was laid   lightly upon  hie lips and   which   naturally met   the fate it  deserved.    There was complete silence   in the  shadow of  th   veranda,  only   oroken by   her  soft and hurried   breathing,   and a  slight stir  as she nestled into his arms   and was   clasped  for an instant to his breast.    The syce (native  groom),   who was   crouching   near beside his  master's waiting horse, raised his drowsy head  and wondered if they had gone into the house  again.    But just then the farewell was finally  accomplished,   and  he  listened   curiously   to  their parting words.  "Good night, Dick.    Be as early as you can."  "Good night.    Of  course I'll   be early.    It  will be years before I see you again."  "Be sure you recognize me then!    You slUyl  Good night."  Master and servant turned at the sate of  the garden and looked back. She had stepped  out of the shadow and it was bright enough  for them to see every detail of (her white muslin d ess, flounced to the waist, and to catch  the gleam of her uncovered neck and arms.  Dick Manners even imagined that he could  distinguish the curve of her dark head outlined asainst the scarlet bow and see the star-  like shining' of her eyes. He sighed as he  rode away. It was so hard to leave her even  for a ^ew hours, and the heavy, clinging scent  of the  champak blossom   oppressed him   and  seemed to lie as a weight upon his   heart.  It was   in   May,    1887,    when   a   party of  English men   and   women   rode through  the  streets ofthe   native city of  Lucknow.    They  were going   to visit   the shops   of the famous  gold and silver workers and were accompanied  by an escort of   native   police  for their guidance,   and, though   the   ladies   of the   party  scoffed at the idea* for their protection as well.  The bazaar at  Lucknow has too   bad a name  for  any   Englishman   to   care   to   take   his  womankind    there without   a show   of   force.  The streets are  very harrow  and   the houses  have, in many cases, overhanging balconies to  the upper  stories, creating   a   feeling of  oppression even in   riders, who  are raised above  the masses   of  many shaded humanity  with  which the countless lanes and alleys are filled.  Edith Villars was typically English  in appearance; having soft, fair hair and gray   blue  eyes, and with the; latter   she now gazed   as if  fascinated   at   the   shrouded   figures -which  passed her in an endless stream.      They filled  her soul with  terror.    She   felt that   each    of  those veils   might cover some   awful trag dy,  a tragedy whose horror was increased   tenfold  by the seal of silence   and of secrecy, ���'���typified  by that shrouding veil.  Suddenly she turned to her companion, a  gray haired man, strong and upright, a man  in the prime of life and whose whole appearance, from the tip of his pointed gray moustache to the tip of his polished riding boot,  was as typical of the Eagiish officer as hers j  was of the Engli-h girl.  "Did 3>-ou notice that woman, Colonel Manners?" she asked.  "Which?" said he, gazing at the numbers  by which ihey were surrounded with a, naturally bewildered expression.  "Just on ahead. There now, look���the one  with the prettv blue���sarry,   do you   call it?"  "I see the woman, or rather the figure, you  mean. But what is there extraordinary about  her?"  "Only   her   feet.    They   are   white  white.    Isn't it funny?"  "Oh.no! Thev often look white with the  dust of the road, and besides some of them are  fair. Perhaps that particular woman is a hill  woman:���a Kashmiri. They are sometimes as  fair as���no. not you, but many English girls,''  and he glanced admirably at her dazzling  complexion.  But her remark had evidently impressed  him, and for some time he, too, watched the  passing women, gazing always at their feet  And it eeemed to him there were many white  ���horribly white. Strange stories came to  his remembrance, stories   which    were   whis-  -quite  pered just after the mutiny, that all the missing Englishwomen and girls had not been  killed. That thought had nearly maddened  him once. Even now he shuddered and saw  with thankfulness that they had arrived at the  Chauk, the part of the bazaar where the best  goldsmith' shops are situated and remarkable  for the beautiful carving of the wooden balconies which overhang the porches where the  work is carried on.    The   travelers were  loud  in their praises and comparisons with every  picturesque town in Europe, giving, however,  as they felt correct, the preference to this city  of *4the gorgeous cast."  The  principal  policy officers  soon   rushed  them   into one   of   the largest '-.shops,   a   low  ceiled   room   with   a    mud    floor,   while   he  whispered to Colonel Manners that the owner  was the   biggest rascal in   the whole   bazaar,^-  but also the best worker, and that.'the Encrlish^1  ^memsahibs"     would    see     some    wonderful -   i'  things.     Colonel Manners, who hnd oflen per- v  formed   the duty of >bowman   during his *tay ,  in Lueknow.   knew   exactly what to   explain  and waited expectantly for The  inevitable   exclamations of astonish men t   over  the  fire���a  few pi aces   of glowing  charco*.] in   a    broken  earthenware pot, the very   primitive  bellows  worked  by   analmost   naked,^ shiruna ]itt;e?  boy, and the few rough...and 'simple tool*. .V  The proprietor was a stout man, greasy and  repulsive   looking,    a nd   with   an    air which    o  made Colonel Manners look,even sterner than  t;  his wont.     His words were   sharp as he   bade  the man show his goods as quickly as possible.  The  ladies   thought   all   natives    alike .aWd  noticed nothing wrong with the man's leer and     y  sly glances  or the way   in which hec directed n'  all his remarks and compliments to thevoun��*  girl.    They  watched   him make   a few   silver  bangles and  bought some  curious   ornaments  which were lying   about the   shop,    but  Mrs:  Villars    had  set  her   heart" upon   buying    a  certain kind of   nose ring, a,nd   there was not  one to be seen.    When the silver worker understood her wish, he went to the back of the room,  where, in   the shadow,   Colonel Manners had  seen   a   crouching   figure, and  sajdng   a few  words in a low, harsh tone he returned to  his  customers with a particularly  fine nose ring,  incrusted with turquoises, in his   hand.    Mrs,  Villars   was   delighted,  and   while   she   conducted   her   bargaining with the aid   of  the  policeman her daughter wandered to the back  of the shop.  She was astonished to find  a woman seated  there, and more that she   wore the   identical  sari which attracted her attention on the road.  Instinctively   she   looked   down   to    see   the  woman's feet, but the whole form was shrouded  in the usual way, nothing was visible   but the  face,  and   upon   that   the girl   gazed    with a  growing horror on her own.    It was the   face  of an old woman;  dark hair   was parted   and  brought low over the  forehead; there was  no  color in the sallow  cheeks, and the   eyes glittered out of   bony hollows.      They were   wonderful eyes, the only remaining trace   in that  countenance of  a long past beauty,  but now  they were awful, too, for misery and humillia-  tion, rage   and  despair,   glared  out   of  their  brown depths  as  the   English girl bent over  them, half fascinated, half appalled. ��x  A voice sounded across the room: ^W-  "Come, Mias Villars, we must be going. _  There is more for you to see, and the sun is  getting hot. And"���with a tender, half  proprietary tone in his voice as he came near  her���"I don't half like your being here any  longer.    Ah, what have you found there?"  Over the miserable eyes into which she was  mjBBoimimsRsn^^  JLHMWIAIM��.IMIM1]W11UW4MUUUMIJI.JUIUJ1JIJIIIMILUJU/IIIWIWJU^  ill.JIIII 1.11.1. THE ECONOMIST.  V, i\  v.  ooking there came a sudden change. They  positively darkened with an expression of the  acutest agony. Was she suffering���ill?  Edith bent closer, but a fierce gesture of the  hidden arm forbade her kindly touch, and she  could not speak���the woman would not understand English. She felt relieved to know that  Colonel Manners was beside her and suddenly  pointed to the huddled form. For a few brief  seconds his clear blue eyes met those other  brown ones���those eyes, awful with the extremity of shamed despair and filled with such  longing as might burn in those of some lost  soul who gazed across the impassable gulf into  the kingdom of the blest.  With a deep drawn sigh Colonel Manners  passed out and looked up, half unconsciously,  to the dark blue sky above.  "Those hovels are stifling; the charcoal  fumes make them unbearable. Fancy living  in one!    No one but a native could!"  But, even as he spoke, he threw off the depression caused by the charcoal fumes or that  uncomfortable looking old woman in the  corner and turned to look proudly at the tall,  beautiful, fair haired girl who was already,  surely, his own.  Miss Villars had not answered him. She  stood hesitating on the threshold, shading her  eyes from the dazzling glare before her, thinking of the blackness, the wretchedness, behir d  her. She felt it would be long before she forgot that face; those eyes, which, to her excited  imagination, seemed to be following her still.  Was there not some appeal in them? She  half turned as though to go back, but Colonel  Manners said. "This way, Miss Villafs," and  she stopped, ashamed of her aimless impulse.  Inside the dark and stifling shop, which  Colonel Manners had been so glad to leave, the  woman still crouched upon the floor, Sh��  had thrown back her veil as if she needed air,  and the masses of her dark, fine, waving hair  were revealed. Not native hair. The very  way it grew ghowed that. Whenthe shade of  the sari was gone, her features were visible,  and every curve of lips, nostrils, eyelids and  throat cried out her English blood. Within  her breast a torrent of misery was unsealed.  It was years since she had thought, cons-  eiousiy thought, as she waa thinking   now.  But for 30 years she had not heard the  voice she had heard today, had not seen the  face upon which her eyes had hungrily rested  only a few moments ago, had not dared, for  shame and agony, to admit the thought of  him into her heart, and now���all that she  had borne of humiliation, ill usage and daily  grinding tyranny throughout those weary  years was as nothing to the burning torment  of those few seconds when Dick had looked  down upon her without a spark of recognition  in his eyes, with only a horror, which was  perhaps the mere reflection of that within  her own.  She closed her eyes. It was a summer  night.    She stood  in a   starlit   garden.    The  Christmas   and    New   Year    Cards    at  Thomson Stationery Co-, Ltd-  scent of champak blossom was heavy on the  air, and a voice was speaking from very far  away. "It will be years before I see you  again."  But before the memory of the past could  drive her tortured soul to madness she was recalled suddenly to the present by another  voice:  "Am I to keep thee in idleness ail thy days?  Rise. Get thee to the preparation of the meal.  Thou hast looked too long upon these white  folk. Perhaps they have bewitched thee, but  remember I will have no lazy white mem-  sahibs here."  It was the voice of her master, and while  the sneer cut her to the heart, as it had never  failed to do through all the long years, the  flash died out of her eyes, and, drawing the  sari closely round her once more, she passed  obediently to the back of the house with the  slow, gliding step of a native woman.  MINES AND INVESTORS.  The reportod re-sale of the LeRoi Mine  by  the B. A.  C. to a new English company capitalized at $5,000,000 of which sum $4,750,000  is to represent the purchase price of the mine  is by no means news of glad welcome to those  who have at heart the true mining interests of  the province  of British   Columbia.    So much  has been   said about   the  wonderful   strategy  displayed   by the   B. A. C.   in acquiring   this  mine and so many columns of fulsome eulogy  have been printed in regard   to-the deal,  that  it comes somewhat as a shock to find out that  the whole transaction was but the   prelude to  the unloading of the  mine upon an  over-capitalized English company.    That such a company taking as its sole assets the   LeRoi mine  and smelter at the price of $4,750,000, is overcapitalized, no   one   with   any   knowledge  of  mining business will deny, as the smallest return that can be reasonably expected from  a  mining investment, looking to the uncertainty  that prevails as to the duration of ore   bodies,  is twenty per cent,   per annum.    That   would  mean that the LeRoi  mine will have to   produce an annual net  profit  of $1,000,000 per  annum over and above all expenses  to pay to  the shareholders   in  th�� new  company   this  rate of  irterest upon  their  investment,   and  that it will have to continue doing so for many  years to repay to  them   the capital   and  accrued interest  represented in the  investment  ten years  from now.    I   wonder  if there   can  be found on the American continent, a mining  expert who would stake  his reputation   upon  his mine producing such an output in the near  future?    The new company will probably secure a   successful flotation.    This will   doubt  less   be followed by a flurried   dealing   in the  stock, accompanied by an increase in its market value.    After that the deluge.  Following our predictions for the past six  weeks, the market for the Republic and Ross-  land stocks continue in a far from healthy  condition, and though for the past week there  Toys, Toys,  , Ltd-  Toys-   Thomson Stationery  has been no noticeable decline in the quoted  prices of these securities, it is the result of the  fact that as there is absolutely no market for  them, holders have wisely determined to refrain from   offering stocks for which there  is  little or no demand, in fact the only stocks  at present   which  seem  to   find the : slightest  favor in the eyes of the public are those of the  Slocan. Most of these are either an excellent  investment or a judicious and probably paying speculation. It depends of course a good  deal upon the present condition of the particular mine as to which head they should be  classed under. As an investment, the shares  of the Whitewater, Co. Ld., Slocan Star,  Queen Bess, Idaho, Payne and Last Chance  (though by the bye shares in the latter two  companies are practically unobtainable) .are  gilt-edged and for a speculative buy, Dardanelles, Ivanhoe, Noble Five, Treasure Vault,  Wakefield and Miller Creek, are, unless we  are very much mis-informed, extremely to be  desired. In several of these latter properties  the indications point to an early strike of  some magnitude, and when it comes the outside investor has little chance of competing  for the stock with the capitalist who desires to-  secure control. It is therefore advisable to  buy whilst the property is in a state of development, or rather of transition from a promising prospect to a mine.  Hon. Fred Peters, who is back from a busi-.  nes3 trip to the Kootenay in connection  with the Mollie Gibson Co. and other mining  interests with which he is connected, says  that a remarkable degree of activity is noticeable in the Slocan country where he went for  the purpose of visiting the Dardanelles mine  belonging' to the Dardanelles Mining and  Milling Co. of Victoria, and of which he is  one of the directors. The Dardanelles group  has a lot of development work done, the  shaft having reached a depth of 467 feet. In  addition to this there is over a couple of  thousand feet of drifts and upraises. Mr.  Peters was over every inch of the workings  and is delighted with the results that have  followed the sinking of the shaft to its present depth where it shows 18 inches of splendid ore. Seventy-five feet above this where  a drift is being driven enough ore is heing  taken out to pay all the working expenses of  the mine and from the tunnel above one man  in the upraise, which will when finished connect with another level, is sending down four  tons of ore a day without any attempt at  stoping. By the 15th of this month three  carloads of ore will be shipped, netting $75 a  ton in silver and lead. The lower workings  in the mine have opened out great bodies of  very rich ore and in the lowest tunnel already  referred to Mr. Peters, out of curiosity,  knocked out a large piece of ore from the vein  and had it assayed with a result of $155.���  Victoria Colonist.  Leather Goods for   Christmas  Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd-  nts��  .1:  4  i  31  m  m  i  51  ���Jf|  -n  'HI  ''?!  7,41  '-?  i  i'V.  I'i  M,  %  $  u  WJWMUmJMWUJ  MmBMBgBBMlflatffl^^ 6  THE ECONOMIST  .!  ���t  NOTIGE.  Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the  requirements of the Dominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plan  lias been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company in the Land Registry Offiee jn the City of Vietoria, viz.:  Plan, Profile and Book oi Reference, revised  location from 100th mile west of East boundary of British -.'Coinmbia,- westerly to 145th  mile, deposited 23rd Augnst, 1898, No. 565 A.  Dated the 5th day of December, 1898.  Dhake, Jackson & Helmcken.  Solicitors for'the'"Depositors.,  ~~~ NOTICE.  'ana/mo  Notice   is   hereby given that application  will be made to the Legislative Assembly of  the Province of British Columbia at its, next  session by the Britisn Columbia Telephones,  Limited, (a Company incorporated in England under the Companies Acts, 1S62 to 1893.  Imperial), hereinafter called "the Company,''  or, "the said Company," for an Act confirming and conferring upon it the powers of "the  said Company," as the same appear in   the  Memorandum of  Association   deposited  in  England with  the Registrar of Joint Stock  Companies; and giving "the said Company"  power    to    acquire,    exercise,     and     take  over  all   rights,    powers,    privileges,   franchises and assets held by the "New Westminster and Burrard Inlet Telephone Company,  Limited," and   "The   Vernon    and    Nelson  Telephone Com pan y,'-' and vesting the same  in    "the    said     Company,"    and    to     assume  the   liabilities   entered   into   by  the  aforesaid companies and for the conferring  upon "the said Company" the power   to purchase,    lease,     take    over,    or     otherwise  acquire  the    rights,   privileges,   franchises,  powers  and  assets   of   any     company    in  any part of the Province of British Columbia  having  similar  objects   "to  the company,"  and to amalgamate, with such other company  or companies and  to operate  and carry on  the    business    of   the   aforesaid    company  or   companies,    so     acquired   or   to   be ac-  ?uired and for the conferring upon "the said  Company"   of all such powers   as may. be  necessary to   fully and completely carry on  and operate the works aforesaid,  or any of  them, and of other powers.       ���  Dated this 30th day Of November, A. D. 1S98.  MCPHIIiIiTPS & WlI/LIAMS,  ..''V' Solicitors for Applicants.  Railway Notice.  Time Table No. 8i.  To take effect at 7 a. m. on Saturday, March  26, 1898.   Trains   run  on   Pacific  Standard Time.  GOING NORTH���Read Down.  ���,  -                                   ���'       '(���.'..'  Daily  Saturday  & Sunday  Lv. Victoria for   Nanaimo and Wellington.....  Ar. Nanaimo...... .............  Ar. Wellington   A.M.  9:00  12:20.  12:45  P.M.  4.00'  7:1��  -7:35  GOING SOUTH���Read Up.  Daily  Saturday  & Sunday  Arrive Victoria..........   Leave Nanaimo for Victoria... ......  Leave Wellington for  Victoria   A.M.  12:07  8:46  8:25  P.M.  8:00  4:38  4:25  For rates  and  information  apply   at the  Company's offices. -'-'.  A. DUNSMU1R,  President. H. K, PRIOR,  Geaieral Fr't and Pass. Ag't,  CLUB HOTEL  Corner Stanley  RATES; $i per day and up.  and  Silica Streets  Schooner Beer, to cents  E. J.  Curran, Proprietor.  My   Whole    Stock    and    Fixtu res.  Premises must be vacated January 1st  POST-OFF/CE  d/GAR STORE.  lObbu  W. R. JACKSON & CO.,  Commission Agents Delmonieo  Hotel, lay the market odds on  all important events.. Starting  price commissions executed  Latest betting received by cable  VICTORIA, B.G.  Telephone 93   For  Notice is hereby gtven that pursuant to the  requirements of thecDominion and British  Columbia Railway Acts, the following plans  have been deposited by the British Columbia  Southern Railway Company, in the Land  Registry Office in the City of Victoria, viz :���  Canadian Pacific Rail way, Crow's Nest Pass  branch, British Columbia Southern Railway,  PI a n, Profile and Book of Relerence, starting  at Nelson to a point 21.74 miles east, deposited  5th October, 189S, No, 565 E.  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  line, plan.of said.line from Station 596 x 93 to  Station 995 x 24.8, also Profile from Dunmore  westerly, Station 610 to Station 995 x 24.S, deposited 5th November, 18��8f No. 565 F.  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  line, Plan and Profile from Dunmore Westerly from Station 995 x 24.8 to Station 1608 x 88.9,  deposited 5th November, 189S, No. 565 G.  Canadian Pacific Railway, Crow's Nest Pass  branch, British Columbia Southern Railway,  Plan and Book of Reference, of extra land for  Station ground 179% miles west of Eastern  bouudary, of British Columbia on north-east  % of Section 25, Township 10, Kootenay District deposited 17th November, 189S, No. 565 H.  "Victoria, B. C, 22nd November, 1S9S.  Dbake, Jackson <fe Heljecken,  Solicitors for the Depositors.  NELSON   EXPRESS  J. J. Dervirv Mgr.  Stand   Opposite   Central   Fruit   St��re  cturers Agents-  Agents for Manitoba ���.-'Produce Company, Gold Drop Flour,  Wheat Manna, Manitoba Grain Co., M. R. Smith & Go's  Biscuits, Btc.  NELSON, B. C. P. O. Box 498*  If Yon are Buying a Piano  GET THE NORDHEIMER  It is the best in Canada.  NOTICE.  ussc  a  T. S. Gork.        PI.  Burnet.        J. IT. McGregor  GORE, BURNET & CO.,  Provincial  and   Dominion  Land Surveyors and Civil engineers.  Agents for Obtaining- Crown   Grants and Abstract of Tiile to Mineral Claims, &c.  NELSON,   -  - -   British Columbia  I will not be responsible for any debts contracted in ray name by anyone but myself in  person.  Join* Piiiijber.t.  Ymir, November 25th, 1898.  Wanted.  By a reliable person, position as housekeeper in hotel, boarding house or private  family,;where help is kept. Has excellent  references. Appl y to Miss Pbarcb, 1227 Bob-  son Street, Vancouver, B. C.  THE   GREAT   MINING  JOURNAL  OF   THE  GREAT   SOUTHWEST.  16 Pages, with Heavy Cover EVERY WEEK.  LOWEST  PRICE  Mininq Journal on the paci FIC coast.  Subscription $2 a Year.  Single Copies^ cents.  SEND    FOR  To preserve the health the medical profession  are unanimous in declaring that Joy's Bread  is an essential. Enjoy good health, and use  Joy's Bread. ���  110-112 N. Broadway, Los Angeles Cai.  LOCAL AND   PROVINCIAL.  Inspector  of Inland   Revenue Gill, of   Victoria, is in the city.  The Phair Hotel will be,   in the course  of a  few days, heated by steam.  The Rossland Board of Trade is   complaining of the railroad service.  Thos. All ice, traveller for Turner, Beeton  &  Go., is in the city this week.  L. M.  Livingtone ������&. Co.,  Deer Park,   have  opened a branch at Niagara.  There  will   be   a   sitting  of   the   Supreme  court at Nelson, February 6.  Mr.  Bruce   White has   returned   with    his  bride from the Eastern States.  An organization known as the "Slocan City  Miners' Exchange," was recently floated in  Slocan City. s  The new skating rink on the corner of  Houston and Stanley streets, will be ready for  occupancy in a few days.  The Prospe.ctor is the name of a new paper  published at Kas!o.: It is well printed, ably  edited, and should meet with success.  There are six men employed putting the  machinery for the Dundee concentrator in  place, The capacity 'of the concentrator will  be 60 tons per day.  Mr. G. A. Kirk, of Turner, Beeton & Co,  and president of the British Columbia Board  of Trade, was in Nelson this week. Mr. Kirk  was surprised at the great change that has  taken place in Nelson since his last visit.  Aid. Wballey's bylaw, with a view to keeping children off the street after dark, was read  a second time at the last meeting of the city  council.  H. W. Simpson, who was thrown from a  hand-car, two week ago, died last Sunday  morning.  The Nelson Public Library will open ��n  December 24. The committee would be  pleased to receive donations of books and  magazines.  August Benson, whose address is Colesfield,  Howard county, Nebraska, writes as follows:  "Can you give me any informatfon how my  brother. A. Benson, met his death? The  papers published last winter, 1897, about his  being killed. Can you let me know whether  he was killed in Victoria or in th�� Kootenay  country. He was prospecting in Kootenay for  five years. His last known post office address  was Arrowhead, B. C."  ^l  ft THE ECONOMIST.  Ira 1  I'jV  $  n\  w  w  Is;  ft*  !/  il  'Hi./J  _. f  N��xt to Neleon Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. 93.  Candies and Tropical Fruits  Agents for  yiOSPOKIA   COI-OHIST  SfflATTLB TlttUS  8..F. BuiUBTiKr  SF. Cam.  Nwx*&on KooBrostiM'  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Times  Toronto Mail and Empir e  Toronto .Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday "World,  And Other Periodicals.  a Select Oysters  pra Oysters.  BREAD/CAKES, PASTRY, ETC.  Fresh Daily From  NELSON    BAKERY.  * West Kootenay Butcher Co f  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL DEALERS   IN  /^��SWAA/D -S'-ALTM"E-ATS.  Gamps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices.  Mail orders receive careful attention. -  Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats; and supplies   |  kept in stock.  tff. E. C If?AYES* WSanager.  \\ / "t-^I    "^L^"   w*^ y��n roast over a hot cooking stove during  ���   ���    -���������-    JL     this   warm  weather  when we can supply you  with a coal oil stove which will save your temper   as   well  as  your pocket?    You can do anything with them.  We h^ve also a fine line of house furnishings on hand.  *  CALL A  US  oors, Sashes and Turned Work, Brackets  Office Fittings.  atisfaction Guaranteed.    Prices Reasona  THOS. GRAY, Nelson, B. C.  m  m  TOTAL DAILY CAPACITY, 8,200 BBLS.  LI'S HUNGARIAN and (HE'S 6LEN0  The Cheapest Place to Buy Christmas Cards,  Art  Calendars,  OG/LWE   -   MILLING   -COMPANY  G. M. Letshman,  Victoria, Agent for British Columbia.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  X'mas Gifts, Writing Cases, Purses, Wallets, Books  ��  f��y  Cl^wllci.  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B.C.  .    BRANCHES AT  ROSSLAND  SANDON  TRAIL NELSON KASLO  THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITY  C ORRESPONDENCE.  Sister   Mary Wants to Know.  (To the Editor.)  Sir���I would like to know why it is that a,  young girl cannot go skating without being  pestered with young men who want to fix her  skates and otherwise intrude their attentions  where not desired?  Yours etc,,  Sister Mary.  ^Department Stores.  (To the Editor.)  Sir���In your paper last week I noticed a  reference to department stores. I nouet say  that the. evil of Fending to the large department stores ofthe Ea-t for goods is growing in  Nelson.    I called on a lady friend of mine the  Books for  Presentation.    Thomson  Stationery  Co.Ltd, .  other day, and in the course of a conversation  she told me that she had purchased a large  amount of goods from a Toronto houBP. She  was kind enough to show me her purchases,  and would you believe it I can duplicate  nearly everything she had in a certain Baker  street dry goods store at about the same price  my lady friend paid for her goods.  Now, I am a woman who believes in patronizing home institutions and building up  the city. I think it is very wrong for women to  send money out of the place for what can be  purchased at home. If I wanted to buy dry  goods in the East I would certainly go to the  East to live and not become a parasite on the  community. I would suggest that every man  whose wife sends East for her goods be boycotted, no matter in what business he may be.  And if any man is so unpatriotic as to send  East for what he can buy here, drive him  out  of the  town   to  the  inspiring  strains   of the  "Rogue's March".  Permit me to congratulate you on your excellent publication. I saw a copy of The  Economist in a friends house, two weeks ago,  in Re^elstoke, and we both agreed it was a  credit to Nelson.    But this is a disgression.  Yours respectfully,  Mabel Small.  Guitars,   flandolins,    Banjos,    for     Christmas  Presents.    Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.  At an adjourned meeting of the Golden  Cache shareholders, the committee's report recommending an issue of $15,000 worth of 6  per cent, debentures for two years was adopted.  The "sealed report" of J. A. Macfarlane, the  dismissed engineer of the company, was mad@  public after being in the directors' hands for  nearly two years. It is distinctly unfavorable  to the property. This fact is causing much  talk, and the opinion is expressed more freely  now that the attorney-general should look  into the affairs of the company.  Diaries  asad  Calendars.    Thomson   Stationery  Co., Ltd.  "8  witwmgiejiL'.inm.imiUM mnuaxttii mwMlHI  JMUEBWIllHMJUIIWIld^^ rtfZ3t2:��Atti3z=ztttmA\-,���siTZ7zr-tznKz^^  8  THE ECONOMIST.  Can Break the Combination  bers," testified the witness,"on some  combinations."    He would  just as  Arthur Gravelle, the first of the  expert safe men, called in the recent Napanee bank robbery, he  came laden with locks.  To Mr. Porter, the witness said  he published a newspaper.  " I have studied combination  locks more or less." He'produced  a. three-wheel and a four-wheel  Sargent and Greenleaf combination  lock. The only difference between  the two was a wheel. The judge  examined the locks. The witness,  continuing, said 23, 35, 49 was the  combination set on this three wheel  lock. There were other numbers,  that would open it. The witness  opened the lock and locked it again.  He took 24, 34, 50���the lock was  opened. (A sensation.) He  locked it again. Then he took  another set of numbers, 36, 34, 49.  But he was stopped in his ^demonstration by the judge, who said,  " This is not evidence."  " Do vou know you can ooen a 3  wheel combination ?" asked the  judge.  " I do," said the witness.  " Can you open a 3 wheel Taylor  lock   without   having   any   knowledge upon which it is locked ?" repeated the Judge.  " I can," modestly replied the  expert.  The witness said that probably  50 different sets of numbers would  open ��� the lock set. upon the combination 24, 34, 50. Some combinations would" give more sets;  seme fewer. Some times there were  a 100 set, but they average fifty.  The witness said he was prepared  to demonstrate what he said on the  model block before him, which was  a perfect lock. He first saw it 5 or  6 days ago when it was brought  from the  factory.  "5, 20, 25, is a very easy combination to find,''' said the witness.  "I could discover such an easy  combination in probably ten minutes. A Sargent and Greenleaf  lock set on 23, 35, 49, can be  opened on two and I am prepared  to demonstrate it." "First number  35," said the operator. "Forty-  nine," and round went the wheel,  but. the lock was steady. He tried  it again, but without success. He-  tried a third time. The lock flew  back.  "It requires a little more accuracy," said the operator and the  crowd took another breath.  "The lock can be opened by using  the blank  space   instead  of   num-  Guarahteed Superior to any Sweetened flilk on the flarket.    Recorii  ctured   and Guaranteed by THE MANITOBA DAIRY  by Physicians.     M'anufa  ��  9  JBL  &  lief have it.set on the blanks arf any  other.  "There is a system," said the expert. There are several. I try  both guessing and my system. The  regular system must get in."  Mr Porter wanted the- witne-s to  enumerate the number   of locks he  has   opened   without   knowing the  combinations";   also   to  call    those'  who owned the safes.  But.  Mr.   Osier objeced    on the  ground that the Crown could n- t  follow the locks. There w-.-s r, long  dis?er*:iiii*n upon expert evidence  and liio co.urfc rested.  Mr. Porur onteuuVd the Crown  b}^ its' .expert, witnessed bad opened  the door fi?r the evidence. According to T.av��.;r an   exnerlm li'm   les-  tify (on 'UiC.\.  Tin;   j''.id-ge- said   that  by   s'udy,  training and   learning ihe   wiiness'  was an   exp-'rt and could not state  particularly acts he had dhr.e for it  would necessitate the following   up  of each act.  "I have opened   several of   these  S ar gen t an d G reen leaf 1 oc ks w i th-  out knowing tho combimuion. ou  which they were set," said the witness. "They were Locked at the  time certainly. The longest it took  oje was "aboui 20 minutes. Three  or four minutes was ihe shortest  time. In ihe latter, I went by  guess    work.    The    longest  period  was by system.  "All locks of the same make and  the same   number   of   wheels     are  alike in difficulty of opening."  The four wheel combination lock  model was presented. It was a  Sargent and Greenleaf lock. It  would take more time to "open. " Ilia more difficult to master." The  lock was set on 39, 66, SO, 43. the  same as Mr. Baines' combination.  " Other sets of numbers will open  it," went on the witness. Several  thousand sets will open it (Consternation.) I am prepared to  demonstrate that."  " Will the numbers 40, 60, 80, 40  to 45 open it ?" (Fare's  numbers.)  "They will   not,"   said   the  wit-  "YTCTH.KN you buy ��� . ���  * OKELL & MORRIS'  O'KELL & f     !  MORRIS'    rill!  ~~4*PB2i**<X?*��.-*Xmzjm  Preserves  you get what ax'e pure British Columbia  fruit and sugar, and your money is left at  home.  ies  Are absolutely the  PUREST AND BEST.  LWlTo~7rtrjLQJUULPJLQJ^  F8^  COFFEES:  Blue Ribbon, Salada and Upton's Teas.       Blue Ribbon Coffee.  RANDS AND-  Wag-on work and Blacksmithing in all its Branches.  ��s/l  s  a  H.  A. PROSSER,  Manager.  Lake St.,  Opj9. Court House.  IELS0N,  B.  C  ness. " 1 am prepared to demonstrate that."  The back of the lock was unscrewed an a .magnetic lock was exposed. It was explained that the  magnet made the lock more ".difficult to open.  "Have vou opened any f/u.-  wheel combination ioeks w knout  any previous, knowledge of the  combination ?"  " I have," said the expert.  " A four-wheel lock can he opened  without a knowledge of -the com-  bmation," repeated the witness in  answer to Mr. Purler.  Mr. Porter submitted questions  ���for whom ? when ? where ? such  locks had been opened ? There was  no answer because the Crown  objected.  "Inmost cases I trv guessing.  Then I try my system and I opened  a lock in 20 minutes."  " What- is your system ?"  " I divided all the combinations  into five classes ; easy numbers into one class. Then I select certain  combinations from each class. I  find that 75 percent, of persons set  th'��r safes in one class.     It would  t ike, 900 hours to exhaust the  whole system. I never met a  1: ck that I had to exhaust * my  system to find. I would be bound  to get the combination if I exhausted, my system. My first  division would be exhausted in  about three hours. The other  divisions gradually grow with  more difficult combinations."  The witness declared the filing  of the drop lever would make it  easier to open. It would be of no  advantage to a person having the  correct combination. It would  not reauire   the   same    exactness.  JL  The witness had seen the vaul  lock and it was a twin to his own  3 wheellock. He had studied locks  for 25 vears.  Mr. Osier in cross-examination  elicited that the witness attended a  college at Ottawa. It was a matter of high science with him. He  thought his system was one of his  own invention. Geometry entered into his system as well as a  study of the meeting of the numbers.  These were used in - perfecting his  system.  .*-  **i  ���*?-.��>  ��!8i����^^ THE ECONOMIST.  9  SHORT    STORIES.  "tf  One morning a gentleman called  upon Douglas Jerrold to solicit a  subcription on behalf of a mutual  friend in want of money. "Well,"  said Jerrold, " how much does  Smith want this time ?" " Why,  just four and two naughts will, I  gthink, put him straight," "Very  *well," answered Jerrold, " put me  down for one of the naughts this  time."  Once Tried no Family will Use any Other  Satisfaction Guaranteed by the  Bismarck, who once defined universal suffrage  as the government  of a house by its nursery, had  unlimited contempt for   the common  people.     Someone observed in his  presence, " You can  make  a  mob  cry anything by paying a few men  among them a groschen-apiece   to  start  the  shouting."      " Yes, ,but  you need not  waste your  groschen  demurred the premier."  CARLEY& PEEL, Nelson, B.C.,  Agents for the Kootenay.  W. J. QUINLAN, D. D.S.  DENTIST ?  Mara Block,  B&kar Street, Nelson  A lecturer was invited to speak  at a .local gathering; and being nobody in particular, he was placed  last on the list of speakers. The  chairman also introduced several  speakers whose names were not on  the list, and the audience were  tired out when he said, introducing the lecturer: "Mr. Boner  will now give us his address." " My  address," said Mr. Bones, rising,  "i*551 Park Villas. S. W., and 1  wish you all good-night."  A -Scripture    examination   was  being held recently in an   English  school, the   lesson    being    E lijah  offering up a sacrifice on    Mt. Car-  mel.     As the children looked like  good schools, the inspector    gave  them a  question, saying :   " Now,  you have told me that  Elijah  put  the  bullock  on the altar.      Why  d id he put water around the altar ?"  The children looked amazed, except  one little boy,   who  stood   up and  said:      " Please, sir, to   make  the  Special attention yiren to crown and  brieve j  <  waric and tn�� p^ainies* extraction of teeth by  oc&l aaesthetici.  tMM��M��$&@eMe$������M��g  or Co  eather  Ask for  ow Prices.  Jbnaw  ftmramr  ^~T^p*~^".^~*Tr?ffv.w*-^prcri^*��*-TTi��^r^fr^ir*<rir?^ ,...i ,rn|f ..iffTT|IMt1.  when    you    order  matches.       Then  you  will   be   sure  of having the best.  gravy  ��  COMHANDING ATTENTION  is simply.a matter of being  well dressed.  Those who wear garments  cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a well  dressed man deserves.  Our winter suits of Harris  Hornespuns are marvels of  good quality, good r style and  good workmaship. The  value is great.  9  t,* Nelson.  ���9  We are direct importers and Wholesale Dealers In  All the leading brands always in stock.  Josephine Street  RiTHEER e�� LEISBi, .,  STREET, VICTORIA, B~0.  Some "crank" has   been writing  to tho Gloucester, England, papers,  complaining     that     during      the  festival   he   was  not   admitted to  the cathedral  free,   that   being   a  place of  worship.     The " crank "  turned   up   at   the   cathedral   one  Vy, and was told he could  not   be  aclmitted without a   ticket.     t; Do  you mean to tell me," he excitedly  argued,   "that  I   shall   require  u  ticket   to   enter   the   kingdom    of  Ltsaveu ?"   " Weil,    no," explained  the polite steward, " but you won't  hear   Mme.  Albani    in    heaven."  Opfisian and Watchmaker,  McKillop   Block,   Baker  street.  All work guaranteed.  9  S  VANCOUVER and NELSON  wear Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nela��a.  And then, when the enormity of  his remark dawned upon him the  steward turned and fled.  Temple Building, Victoria.    Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.  70 Bassinghall St., London.  3   General Shipping & Insurance Agents  Commission Merchants. Forwarders and Warehousemen. Lumber  Merchants and Tug Boat Agents. Orders executed for every d����crip-  tion of British and Foreign Merchandise.    Charters effected.  Goods and Merchandise of every description Insured against loss by  Fire.   Marine risks covered.  Life, Accident and Boiler Insurance in the b��st offices. Klondike  Risks accepted.    Miners'Outfits Insured.  Loans and Mortgages Negotiated. Estates Managed and R��nt��  Collected.    Debentures! bought and sold.  GENERAL  I  {'S  v.-   I  I  ���II  1  .'351  ��� ti  If  I  ./-of  i  I  M  m  w  m  I'ii  '.is  ���t'i  .'if  I  1 10  THE ECONOMIST.  ������ft  %  ���v  1  m  I..?  Worked, tiie Wrong Way.  Mr.. Dooley, a Mobile ship carpenter,  relates an amusing incident connected  with the blockade of Mobile harbor during the civil war. Some ship carpenters  had been put to work by the government to manufacture floating mines and  had taken a number of heavy pieces of  square timber and placed them in the  form of a triangle, three pieces being  used to each. At the end of each of the  sticks���that is, on the three points���was  placed a torpedo. A few days after this  the wind came out strong from the north,  and the torpedoes were taken and placed  in position in the bay so that they  would be driven by the wind against  the United States gunboats.  The plan was apparently to be successful, the torpedoes being driven rapidly in the direction of the enemy's gun-  Iboats, and great damage might have resulted to Uncle Sam's ships had not the  wind suddenly changed, and the torpedoes were brought back and carried in  a bunch to the bay opposite Frascati.  Here the torpedo mines.inet in an eddy,  and there was suddenly a great explosion, followed by another, and yet another, completely tearing the rafts to  pieces and producing at the same time  a panic among the people resident, on  the shore, who went to Mobile city and  reported that the enemy was bombarding   Frascati.  The Naval Captain In Battle.  Writing of the perils of naval warfare,  Park Benjamin in The Independent says:  Nobody  now   believes that a captain  who finds   his   vision through the   slits  of the conning tower cut off  by; smoke  will stay thus shut up.    It is extremely  doubtful if it will be physically possible  for him to remain there after the shells  commence to hammer its sides and burst  against it, and in any event the intense  anxiety to   see and   know  clearly what  the enemy is doing will inevitably lead  him   to take   his chances in   the  open.  Conning tower or no conning tower, hi3  duty is to  place  himself  at  whatever  point  he can   manage   his ships   to the  best  advantage, and   this  he wTill  certainly do.   Lord Charles Beresf ord, with  grim   humor,   has   suggested   that   the  captain's safest  place is not in   but behind his conning  tower, "because then  he has two thicknesses of steel between  himself and the enemy, don't you see?"  But while conning tower armor may resist penetration   it is   by no means certain that the whole   structure will   not  bo swept away  by the first   heavy projectile which squarely hits it.  has  the  Electric Propulsion of Ships.  Up to the present electricity  scarcely been thought suitable as  principal motive or propelling power  for the larger type of vessels. This is  undoubtedly owing to the fact that for  a given horsepower a triple or quadruple  expansion steam engine would take up  less space and probably weigh less than  an electrical installation of equal power.  Storage batteries are out of the question  for such uses, although persons not well  up in electrical subjects frequently wonder why our ocean greyhounds are not  propelled by some such method. It may  interest some of our readers to know  that a vessel requiring an average of  10,000 horsepower to propel it across  the Atlantic, and displacing 5,000 tons,  would be obliged to carry, were storage  batteries alone made use of, 324,480,-  000 pounds of such batteries, or, in  other words, the motive power alone  would weigh 162,240 tons, or 30 times  as much as the ship.���Electricity.  .**.j-i%j w;au ������ ^. ^c; a. story of a  wooden legged toper who was so drunk  one night that he took off his wooden  leg to wind tho clock. The story was  told in all simplicity by the lecturer  as he had heard it in his childhood.  Strange to say, it applied exactly to the  husband of a lady who happened to be  one of the audience. After the lecture  the lady waited on the lecturer behind  thehalL  '' Wretch!'' she said. 'c How dare yon  hold my husband to public ridicule?"  "But, my dear madam"-���  "Now'dpri'^deny it, fori heard you."  Scratch, scratch, scratch! That lecturer is now undergoing repairs. He will  be more careful of his choice of illustrations next time  ;  A Clever Draftsman.  The slickest draftsman in pur office a*  this kind of work is a little, dark com-  plexioned fellow who sits in a corner  and says never a word. He has a glass  eye and three wooden legs. His name is  Camera. He takes his cap off at a drawing for only a minute andsays to the  foreman: "I have made a more accurate  copy than any tracer in the office could  have done. Every line is exact, every  circle is true and all your figures are  correctly copied.^ "If you are using your  drawing for constant reference, I will  only delay you a minute, and your copy  will be ready for printing in ah hour."  To any intelligent man such an appeal  will not pass without a careful examination.���American Machinist.  Where the Pecan Grows.  The pecan is a. near relative of the  hickory nut. It does not thrive in all  lands that the hickory nut will, but the  hickory hut will grow well 3 wherever  the pecan will. The home of the pecan  is the low, rich bottom land that lies  along the Wabash, Mississippi, White-  and Big Bend rivers, while they seem  to grow equally as wTell in the Indian  Territory and in the best watered parts  s.of Texas.  The Tallest .{Landmark iu the World.  The most important island in the Canary group is Tenerife, whose famous  mountain is known to navigators as ono  of the most ini posing landmarks in the  world. The mountain rises 12,182 feet  above the sea, the peak having the form  of a sugar loaf. Considering the fact  that the island is itself a mountain,  springing almost perpendicularly from  the ocean, the bottom of which is six  miles below, Tenerife is the loftiest  peak in the world. Besidtv it Mont  Blanc is a pygmy. Cotopaxi, Kinchin-  junga and Mount Everest dwindle by  comparison. While all the islands are  volcanic and all contain evidences of  very recent action, Tenerife is the only  one which still continues in eruption.  , The summit of the mountain is a circular wall, inclosing a crater a mile in  diameter and over 100 feet in depth.  From the offing, and even from the seashore, the sides of Tenerife seem as  though carved ;by hand, but the immense size of the mountain is in proportion to this crater, although it seems  incredible to the looker on that at the  mountain top there shoT^ Id be one of the  largest craters in the world. The great  crater of Tenerife has been quiescent  ever since the island was redi scovered  by Europeans early in the fifteenth century, but in scores of places on the  mountain side there are smaller craters  which continually emit sulphurous  steams and gases and occasionally throw  out small quantities of lava.  pioyment.  Their mo::-t active interest is  in religion, but  they make of that such  a mere tissue   of  forms and mechanical  or automatic practices that it is carried  | on without any more mental effort than  j the activity of  a   victim   of   St.  Vitus'  : dance.' " ���::-' ��� :-;<   "':'  , ������������  The leaven of progress is. hot in the  muzhik any more than it is in tho  cooly. If [ Russia's system of government is to be threatened or altered, it  must be by the 10,000,000 who reflect;  the European ideals in their dress anc  manners and who present fertile groniJp  for the propagation of European re-forms. Russia's danger is from the 'top;  the bottom is sodden.���-Julian Ralph in  Harper's Magazine.  In eastern Australia 100,000,000 sheep  now find sustenance in a region which  30 years ago was a sandy desert. Tho  sheep gradually trampled the soil into  firmness, sr that it now grows a dense  mass of vegetation.  The British museum library has complete editions of Shakespeare's works io  14 foreign languages.  Russia.. .;.���;  The lack of machinelike discipline in  the Russian soldiery is truly Asiatic,  and so are the stagnation, patience, suffering and squalor of the people. In  Russia they are drunken, instead of being gamblers and opium smokers as in  China. The absence of "a-middle class  and the gulf that takes its place are  Asiatic conditions. In Russia no man  except a member of the cabinet or a diplomat dares to discuss politics.  In other Asiatic countries the people  are not forbidden to discuss them, because they have never shown any inclination to do so. No more do the 119,-  000,000 muzhiks of Russia. Their intel-,  lectual activity never goes beyond the  affairs of   village, family, farm  or em-  Nature's Silver Worica.  Th�� process by whi ch nature form s  such accumulations of silver is very  interesting.  It must be remembered- that the  earth's crust is full of water, which  percolates everywhere through the  rocks, making solutions of elements obtained from them.".Thesechemical solutions take up small particles of the precious metal which they find scattered  here and there.  Sometimes the solutions in question  are hot, the water having got so far  down as to be set boiling by the internal heat of the globe. Then they rush  upward, picking up the bits of metal  as they go. Naturally heat assists the  performance of this operation. Now  and then the streams thus formed, perpetually flowing hither and'thither below ground, pass through the cracks or  cavities in the rocks, where they deposit their loads of silver.  This is kept up for a great length of  time, perhaps thousands of years, until  the fissures of the pocket are filled up.  Crannies permeating the stony mass in  every direction may become filled with  the metal, or occasionally a chamber  may be stored full of it, as if a myriad  hands were fetching the treasure from  all sides and hiding away a future bonanza for some lucky prospector to discover.���Pearson's Weekly.  In England less than a century ago it  was not unusual for a man to sell hia  Wife into servitude  His Story Too Local.  A teetotal lecturer at West Bromwich,  in   order   to   illustrate   the   horrors  of  ,:)_.:-  Vicious Blueflsh.  The greatest enemy to the best spe-  cies of fish is found in tiie vicious, voracious iAid dangerous bluefish. In size  ordinarily as long as your arm, with  teeth like barbs, he can snap in halves  a fish of his own size, and nearly all  fish stand in mortal dread of him. Generally traveling in schools���-sometimes  as much as five miles ia length���they  will in short order decimate a school of  shad, spot, menhaden or such like. In  his stomach can be found numbers of  smaller, fish, according to size.  We have opened one which contained  a trout of almost his own size, while  another contained a shad nearly as  large. Still others are found having  within themselves one or more of their  own species of. smaller size. But their  destructiveness does not end here. We  have seen them behind a school of shad,  spot or menhaden, and sometimes schools  of mackerel and cod, snapping and  slashing their prey until the water was  all a-foam. They eat until they can hold  no more, but their viciousness is not  abated. With a snap a shad is sundered  and spit out, and the next shares the  same fate. They never tire, and the fish  destroyed, but unbeaten, cover the surface of the water.���Exchange  L3gJ  nay.  vited.  The    Largest   Supply   o^  Horse      Blankets      Ever  Brought into    the Koote-  Every one High Grade   Article.    Inspection in-  OPROSITE R. O.  NELSON,  B. C.       |  Lumber,  Lath,  Shingles.  i. O. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders    Promptly   Filled   and f Sash & Door��  Satisfaction   Given.       Nelson   Mouldings,  Yard, Foot ��f Hendryx Street. (Turned  Work-  JOHN RAE, AGENT.  erf  ^Juuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu^ THE ECONOMIST.  11  5  Tb�� uxotyiK.  The Russian calendar is full of saints'  days and of holidays of every kind, and  ivan would sooner see his hay or his  oats rot upon the ground than do a  stroke of work upon any day which offers the smallest canonical excuse for  remaining idle. Then there is "the  drink.'' This is the darling vice of the  (Country and the real cause of the poverty of the peasant classes and of half  the misery that exists throughout the  land.  The fields remain half cultivated because Ivan cannot spare the time to go  out to work, and his really exemplary  wife cannot do it all, though she does  her best, because of the, small children  at home. As for Ivan himself, he is in  the kabak, or drinking shop, and cannot  be expected ..to tear himself away for  j��ny very .prolonged period, for all his  friends are there, and why should he be  the exception?  If any money comes in by the sale  of hay, or oats, or milk, or anything  else, the monopolist who keeps the village drinking shop knows well enough  what becomes of it; so perhaps does  Ivan, but it is quite certain that poor,  patient, hardworking' Masha, his wife,  and the small children see nothing of it.  They have their lump of black bread  for dinner, and perhaps a particle of the  same is left over for supper, and that is  good enough for them. Ivan lives on,  vodka chiefly and leaves most of the rye  bread for his family, but occasionally  he indulges in a wooden bowlful of  schee, which is a kind of cabbage soup,  or toys with a trifle of salted herring.  He is no great eater.���^-Chambers' Journal.  Her Complexion.  Made  up  complexions aro oa the increase  in  New York..   The fashionable  or  would  be  fashionable. Ne\y Yorker  who does not today make up a little * is  a rare bird.  A dab of rouge for evening I  has never  been considered criminal by  her, but she now uses it for day time as-  ���well.   As always happens when a habit,  becomes more  universal, much   of  the ���  present make  up   is   very badly; clone, j  The  few did  it, as a rule, artistically, j  but  the  many lay it  on with  a heavy  hand.   Without wishing  to go into the!  ethics of make up it  is safe to say this  ���the   fact   that  so  much of it is done j  badly is one reason why we object to  the increase.  O&e must always have a sneaking ap  preciation of the story of the father who  when told that his daughter used rouge  called her to him and asked if it were  true.  "It is," replied the girl.  "Forheaven's sake," said the father,  "go straight up stairs andLwash it off."  The girl did so and returned to her  father, who gave one glance at her colorless cheeks. "  "   "For heaven's sake," he cried, ftgo  Btraight up stairs and put it on again."  ���Exchange.  The Old H.ady'8 Discovery.  The Philadelphia Record tells this  story of the late President William H.  Allen of Girard college: On one occasion a business matter called Mr. Allen,  to a small town in the central .part of  the state. While sitting in the parlor of  the country hotel in^the/evenirig- after  transacting his business he was taken  in hand by the wife.of..the....proprietor,  who was extremely ; inquisitive; \ and  wanted to know all about his private  affairs. Mr. Allen took it all in good  part _and for a time was rather amused...  Finally she askec^ '' Have you "got much  of a family?". .........  "Oh, yes," said he, and he smiled as  his mind reverted to his - hundreds of  pupils. * "���.''      ". -������.-y  "How many children?" she-persisted.  "Well," said Mr. Allen, with great  earnestness, "I have 500 and all boys!''  The good old lady was speechless for  a moment? Then' she arOse-ahd hurrying to the door called to her husband:  "Oh, John! Come in here! We've got  Brigham Young stoppin with usl"  The Only Thing to Do.  There was a time when the Illinois  Central railroad.was being constantly  sued. This story illustrating the avidity  of plaintiffs is related by the Louisville  Courier-Journal. Emily A. Storrs, the  famous Chicago lawyer, was approached  by an old man with a note' one day:'  The note had been found among'the ef-!  fects of a deceased relative. " -~ ~ *  "What's the nature of the note?" asked Mr. Storrs.  "I don't know, sir," replied the old  fellow.  "Have you any idea who wrote it?"  asked Mr. Storrs.  "No, sir," answered the note bearer.  - "Well, do you know anything about  the note at all?'' asked Mr. Storrs.  "Nothing at all, sir," answered the.  old man.  "Well,'' remarked Mr. Storr- th ght-  fully, "the only thing 1 can s do in  the premises is to sue the Illinois Central railroad''  Didn't Suit Him.  "What  are  you doing now?"   asked  the man from the country who was looking over  a  drug .store with &,view-.-to'���a'jrf.j  possible purchase. ��\>f>  "Charging the soda we expect to eell-  ~today.'';~ . .. -i  "', * * Oo:[you  know all   the people, that.  .come in here to buy things?" i r  "Of  course not.     We have hundreds  of strangers every day, especially among;  those who  come to patronize\*thej��ouii;*;  tain." .--������-v}- 'i*  "That'swhat I reckoned, and me and.  you can't maker nor dicker. I hain't a*.  goin to buy no business where they,,  charge all the tsodey in advance and-;  then peddle-, it"out to every Tom, Dick,*  and Harry wh'aS comes along. What Ii  want" tb \buy is a drug store doin a;\  jtric'l^   cash   trade.  A Hiondon Lad's Prayar.  W. Pett Ridge, the London writer,  makes a London boy in one of his stories offer the following, rather original  prayer: "Lord, wilt thou.'ave.the kind-"  ness to make me grow, strong and tall,  and with plenty to say for meself, and  yvilt thou do this as soon as thou can  find time,} so's to; save -me expense and  waste of "money that 'might be used in  other ways���say for a cricket bat. Believe me, Lordi thyobedient servant,  A. Martin. " $ ��������� -.^:,..J.1   " ?  He r'~ rose. He was half way into his  blue flannel bed gown, when an importantide% occurred to him, and he knelt  dowii again q[nickly. '  "Should 'ave mentioned," he whispered^: -'Elffed Martin of 53 Cawstle  street, jest over Surrey side, of South'ark  bridge.''  Government Secret Codes.  Every government and almost every  department has its secret codes of sign's,  figures or words devised by some clever  code composer for use in the transmission of messages of suprenSe importance  and with regard to which secrecy is of  vital consideration. One which is said  to, be the cleverest of all those now in  use is employed by the United States  state department. It is called the  "sphinx." The "sphinx" was devised  by one of the officials in the state department and is as susceptible to changes  as the combination lock of a safe. Hundreds of .messages have been sent by it,  and it defies all attempts to unravel its  meaning by those unacquainted with  che key.  Her Hase Secret Society.  A well known Washington woman  was doing the cathedral cities of England last summer. Throughout her tour  she wore a tiny American flag pinned  to the waist of her traveling dresses. A  good many of the English people whom  she inet did not understand or pretended not to understand what the flag stood  for." ' . ;   .' ���'  "You belong to some secret society, I  perceive," said an English woman to"1  whom she was introduced, pointing to  the diminutive starry banner.  "Yes," responded the Washington  woman amiably. *' There are 70,000,000  of us."���Washington I;   -t  Why, Certainly.  Customer���I wish  I  had  as good  a  head of hair as you have.    I have tried,:  everything to remedy my ^baldness; but/  with no good results.-.- -���/r^V  Watchmaker���Have  you  ever   tried >  rubbing your-head .with steel? - . _. .  ..  Customer���Certainly hot.  That seems  to me ridiculous.      -"'���"   r. * i. > <���... ,';> -- ;i: ��h ?,'?;  Watchmaker���Why ridiculous?,;Isn^t .;  it   a   fact  that  steel'- - makes--the: hair ���'  spring?���Boston Courier.  JFriendghip. \  Hazen���I like to" see a man stick by  his friends. Now, for instance, if a  man told you I was an ass you wouldn't,  join right in^with him, would you?  Dilby���No* sir; I'd rebuke him. I'd  tell him that'the truth: should not be  spoken on all occasions. ���Boston Transcript.   _    ^  A Woman Commission Merchant.  Miss Marie Catherine Finegan is a member of a firm of commission merchants in  Chicago. She rose to that position from  the lowest rounds of the clerical ladder.  Fifteen yearp ago she began work for- the  firm as cashier at. $5 a week. The second  week she applied for an increase, and re:J-  cei ved it, this being the only -time, sne was  obliged to ask for. more pay. ^ By watch'  ing closely the work of, others, she soph ob;  tained a knowledge of their tasks, and to:  day she is so well posted in all the details  of office work that she can at a moment's  notice take charge of any.of the many  books used in the commission business.���-  Woman's Journal.  "VI  Ml  &1��>Mt��l.��..S��<BX��  si  &fl  ir  II  -I  T^ox* Bfealtli a,ncL Happiness  it  4SIJV  1  m  1  4  1  4  *&2��&s?  *ViOi>*      ���* ���,  1  i  r)RSST58S3StffiSESSSS?SJ3SiSSl  SBissBSBiBMBSEWBiMaEMMBMSBi i ,  12  THE ECONOMIST.  if.  ii  m ���:  9MB'  t'l  BV  V  f,.  /��� i  jj ;  r ���  > \  3 .  *     ,  i  1    ���  ���"J.'  i';  l:  Ki  r.  ���������  Liquors  Wines  Cigars  Beer  Tobaccos  Carpets -  Mattings  Dry G-oods  Boots and Shoes  Tents  Cigarettes  Cement  Rugs  Curtains  Flour and Feed  5      Drill Steel  Ore Bags  Plaster  t"ire Clay  Teas  Etc.  KOOTENAY BRANCH  Victoria, B. C,   Vancouver, B. C, and London, Eng.  'NELSON, B.C.  (ftla^i!.M;*rM>��9-.;  M  AND  ODDS  AND ENDS  The rule of marrying one's opposite  has been observed in New York by  the marriage of Attorney Limberg-  her and Miss Rosewater.  Quick Time, Good Service,  Fewest Changes,  Lowest Rates,  Through tickets to and from all parts of  Canada, and the United States.  No customs difficulties with baggage.  Tourist cars pass Revelstoke daily to St.  Paul, Mondays for Toronto.'/Thursdays for Montreal and Boston, Fridays for St. John, N. B.  Daily Train  To Rossland and main line points :  Daily Daily  6:40 p.m. leaves ��� NELSON���arrives 10:30 p.m.  Kootenay Lake���Kaslo Route.   Str.  Kokanee  Ex. Sun. Ex. Sun.  4 p. m.    leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives :    11 a.m.  Kootenay River Route, Str. Nelson :  Mondavs. Wednesdays and Fridays.  7 a. m.    leaves'��� NELSON ��� arrives 6:30 p. m.  Makes connection at Pilot Baywith str Kokanee  n both directions. Steamers on their respective  routes call at principal landings in both  di-  rect;ons, and at other points when signalled.  Slocan Citv, Slocan Lake points and Sandon  Except Sundav Except Sunday  9 a.m. _ leaves ��� NELSON ��� arrives   2:20 p.m.  Ascertain  rates   and   full information from  nearest local agent, Citv Ticket Agent, Nelson,  B.  C.,orJ.  HAMILTON, Agent, Nelson,  B. C.  " These franchise grabs could not  occur if the people's interests  would keep their eyes open."  " Instead of their hand s." .  What   is   the  best  timejn th�� winter ?  Sleigh it.  way   to    kill  BUTTER,   EGGS,  CHEESE,  EATS, VEGETABLES.  WHOLESALE ONLY.  HEAD OFFICE---Wmnipeg.  BRANCHES���Vancouver, Victoria, Nelson, Rossland, B, C, and  Dawson  City, N. W. T.    Full Stock carried at Nelson  P.J, RUSSELL,   Manager   Nelson   Branch.  is   a   re-  I hear that   your  w f<  markable woman.  Yes ;    she keeps   remarking   the  same things over and uver again.  Captain, the new recruit is a  fine fencer. Is he ? Put him on  on picket duty.  W. F. Anderson,  Travelling Pass. Agent,  Nelson, B.C.  E. J. Coyle,  Dist. Pass. Agent  Vancouver B.C.  Atlantic Steamship Tickets.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  R" *��gent or  C.  P.   R.  City Ticket Agen',   Nelson.  W     .  STITT, Gen     S.   S. Agt., Winnipeg.  CLATC  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  Custom House, Nelson,  Married yet, old man ? No, but  I'm engaged, aand that's as good  as married. It's better, if you  only knew it.  Congratulations, my boy, You  haveat last come into an immense  sum of money. Thank heaven !  I can now go to the Klondike.  Hello, Wakely. cried Smith, I  haven't seen you for some time  Married jet ? Yee, replied Wakely  sadly ; I'm married yet.  Banquet, Hanging, Hall and  Glass Stand Lamps. Useful  Christmas Gifts.  ds and Prices Right,  B. C.  When my wife starts in to give  me a lecture, I just tell her-to keep  quiet, I do. And does she ? Say !  Look here. You are getting altogether too inquisitive.  BAKER STREET, NELSON  Is the suburb in which you live  a healthful place? I don't know.  I don't get there often enough or  have a chance to stay there long  enough at a time to find out.  IT  (Established 1858.)  anufacturers of  BISCUITS AND CONFECTIONERY  Write us for Prices, or CARLEY  & PEEL, of Nelson.  iMMMBag^^  TO��m)iaiiWWI!^^

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