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The Nelson Economist Aug 30, 1899

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 I  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  VOL. III.  NELSON, B. C. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1899.  No- 7  THE  NELSON ECONOMIST is issued zvery Wednesday  ���      at the City of Nelson, B. C, by D. M.  Carley. Subscription :   $2.00  per annum ;   if paid 1    advance,   $1.50:  . ' Correspondence on matters of general interest respectfully  solicited. ��� Only   articles of merit   will be advertised -in  these columns, and the interests of readers will be carer  ' fully guarded against'irresponsible persons and worthless  articles.  The cover paper ordered by The Economist  early in  June has not yet reached Nelson, and in consequence poster paper has to be used for the   cover..   'We   have   still  l hopes' that the paper  ordered ' will reach here in time  for  our special Christmas number.  The most notable event of the past week, at least so far  as Nelson was concerned, was the visit of the  Canadian  Press Association.     Included among the   number   were  some of the best known journalists in Canada, and nearly  every influential newspaper in the  Province  of Ontario  was represented/    It is no exaggeration to say that a visit  from men of this influential class must be prolific of good  results, and it should be a source of congratulation to   the  citizens of Nelson to realize that each and' every,member  of the Association pronounced   their   reception   here   as  surpassing by far thut of any   other  place on the   trip.  Whmit goes forth that  a city of seven thousand in the  mountains of the Kootenay   royally   entertained   a large  body.of geutlemen and ladies in a manner more aceptable  andenjoyable than any other city in the   West, it  should  ���it least serve as an illustration   of  the   hospitality of our  people.     It was no selfish motive that prompted the people of Nelson to extend hospitality to the visitors, it was a  mere spontaneous outburst   of  good-will   and  a   general  desire to'give the hand of good fellowship to the strangers  within our gates.     If incidentally it should transpire that ���  Eastern Canadians become   better  acquainted   with   the  capabilities of British   Columbia,   another1 object sought  will be attai ned.     If we may accept sentiments expressed  by the variors -peake.-s as being a true reflection   of the  thoughts of the other nienib rs, on their return East many  errors that  have   prevailed with regard to us iu the past  will be corrected.     It was unfortunate that the weather  was not the genuine British Columbia article,  otherwise  the    visit ofthe members of the Association would have  been more enjoyable.  ^^questionable resorts.   , Again, it an.excellent tiling, for  a city to get the* reputation   for  enterprise  in  securing  amusements.   It is an advertisement for a place and gives  it a metropolitan standing, besides improving   the   moral  and artistic tone oE the  people. . Thousands  of dollars  have   been   lost  to  Nelson every   winter  through   the  absence of a  music  hall or some other place in  which  men without homes could pass away   the  evening.    We =  do not mean a dive such as the Comique of Kaslo was reputed to be, but a well conducted resort iu which nothing  offensive  to  moral  people  would  be  presented.    The  citizens of Vancouver   for  years  fought the ��� music hall,  but even church people in time were forced to admit that  such a place of amusement was absolutely   necessary   to  prevent,excesses in a dangerous and contaminating  direction.     Moreover, it kept money in circu'ation that would  have been spent in other cities where entertainment  was  more acceptably provided.   Sooner or later the merchants  of Nelson will profit by the lesson taught Vancouver  and  will encourage some manager to take hold'of a music haH  which should prove a profitable investment in a city like  Nelson. '     t  When "Bob" Ren wick went down to. the  Coast   three  wellfs ago, The Economist  suggested  that h, ���  was connected with the straightening out ot theUbmet  muddle.     In this surmise it appears this paper wa  J  reel, for Mr. Benwiok telegraphed   the   Tribune   bund,  morning that there is no crisis in  political   matters     I  -  deed, he'reported that against the loss of Martin and logins " the Government stands to make gams on  Vancou  verlslandwhereitis   more  popular  than ever Woie.  Evidently friend   Renwiok   has   become .<*���&�� ^  association with the correspondents who supply   the ban  Francisco   Examiner ����<X   other   U. S. papers wi* then  British Columbia' news from day to  day.   There a e two  other dissidents that Mr. Renwiok dpes   not account  foi  Helgeson has openly declared that he will   take  his seat  with the Opposition when the House meets, and Mi.  Macpherson on hisown statement cannot be regarded as a  supporter of the present outfit.  As yet Mr. Cotton has said nothing that would throw  light on the famous -bordereau," about which Joe Haiti u claims there is considerable irregularity.  Witjitn a few months the long   winter   evenings   will  be upon us and already the   music   loving portion of  our  population are considering what we will have   in the way  of entertainment. /Through   the ������enterprise   of   some  citizens we have now. a   well ��� equipped   opera   house   of  sufficient proportions to accommodate the best travelling  ' companies.     We understand that the management   haye  made.bpokings that will insure  a  reasonable  amount of  amusement, but situated as we are,  we  cannot   hope   to  have the house open one-quarter- of  the season.    There  will be many nights   when, for  want  of  healthy amusement, young men  who  will find their way to.the saloons  and   'worse   places.     A   respectable    music    hall,   well  conducted, would have a tendency to minimize the profits  It has been suggested to those opposed to the local  Government that owing to the present political condition  ofthe Province it is desirable to hold an Opposition convention at any early date. The objects in holding the  convention would be: ...  �� 1. To perfect the organization of the Opposition party,  in order to'provide for coucerted action on the part ot  everyone opposed to the present Ministry.  "2.   To formulate a platform.  '������"3.   To generally discuss all   questions   pertinent  and  conductive to the welfare and proper administration of the  Province." .. f  This is a move in the right direction and is the line or  action that has been advocated by The Economist for  sometime. We are conduced that the majority of the  people of this Province are opposed to the present Govern-,  ment, but without intelligent organization it would be  difficult  to predict the result of a general; election.    The  y-i;<  M-  w\  rim.  a  yi;l;|  !l  tit  Mill  y? �����'  8  8-  i  i  THE ECONOMIST.  B): '<'<:.���  it  11  tfa  1:  11  &��'  If:  K  y@  candidates who   run  must   be   pledged to some  definite  policy, and no loop hole should be left by which   a  small  balance   of power could   influence the  legislation.     This  might happen, as in the case of a year ago.   By all means  let the opponents of the present' Government hold a convention.    It has been suggested that among other matters  that should be discussed is the appointment of an Opposition leader.     Asa matter of fact, the Opposition members  in the House, to whom properly belongs the  prerogative  of selecting a leader, have   already   decided ibis question,  and it is only under certain circumstances that this matter  should' be discussed at all.     There is no reason; however,  why   the  Opposition members should   not be present  at  that Convention, and make plain many matters   that are  ,nowa   cause of confusion  to   ther  followers.     As to the  point at which   such  Convention   should  beheld,   The  Economist   strongly favors   Kamloops.    It,is   a central  point and within easy reach of every other part of the Province.  requires a large salary to meet his  personal and   domestic  wants.     You have, therefore, this curious anomaly���-that  the church was built with   m#f|^ that   it is   maintained  with money, that the occup:YriTft/Uhe pulpitis constantly  calling for money to support charities and  missions,   and  yet the sermon warns the givers of' these gifts   not to devote their years   to   making   money because it cannot be  carried into the next world.  Japan's new law on religion, regulating all faiths and  beliefs, has gone- iuto , effect, and is   creating much comment    throughout    the   , world,   ., for    the    Japanese  have gone a step'further in this direction than any . other  power.     The law, as a whole, on   the   face   of it, appears  fair enough, though it is likely   to cause* much  adverse  criticism among the Christian nations, which are the only  ones.actively and systematically engaged   in   missionary  ��� work.    The law,   iu   effect,   places  all  sects, pagan   or  Christain, on   exactly the same footing, and places   them  under,,the absolute control of  a local   governor,   without  whose sanction not a church can be built or meetings held.  All applications for the establishment of chun hes must be*  accompanied by the inost^inuie details, and the scheme  of faith must be fully explained, together with,.the reasons  for its establishment.     In fact, everything  must   be   set  forth in the most minute detail, and then if the   building  is not completed within the   term   stated by the applicant  the permit is'null and void.     Just how the various   denominations of Christendon will fare under the new law is a  problem.     With the underlying  basic   principal ��� of  all,,  that '��� Christ died,to save sinners, believe and ye shall   be  saved," it will be exceedingly difficult   to  convince the  Japs of the necessitj' for all the " isms" which have   been  tacked upon it, with a separate meeting house and minister  for each.  Wtith material for a few more buildings and the remainder of-the ties to be used in the construction ofthe  tramway scattered along Baker street, that thoroughfare  may be regarded as completely closed to traffic. Just now  persons who have business along that street are considering whether it would not be just about as easy to walk  along the roofs ofthe houses as to thread their way through  the heterogenous mass of stuff that is scattered all . over  the street. A great problem is how the workmen engaged  ou the buildings succeed in identifying their own material.  The tramway ties, however, are the greatest obstacles in  the way of the pedestrian. Some one will fall over these  ties one of these evenings, in which event, no doubt, a  suit for damages would follow. Something should be  done to preserve that street for traffic. Just now it is " no  thoroughfare."  Business and religion are not en rap_pdrfy.do.not.pull'' together, are not on intimate terms, and have not entire  confidence in each other. The business man spends his  time in trying to make money, and the pulpit tells him  every Sunday that money making imperils his soul. So  religion and business bow to each other with polite courtesy, maintain an outward attitude of mutual respect,  but never go arm in arm up the broad aisle or down the  street.    The very  man who  denounces   money making  Now that the city is gradually assuming the responsibilities incident to municipil ownership,' the council is hampered by lack of room and clerks to perform faitlifully the  necessary   work   which the increased  responsibility demands.     The public   health department, alone   will re-  quireothe constant attention of one clerk in order that the  wqrk may be prosecuted with   due regard to the health of  the   citizens.   , A clerk whose duties it would be to   give  his whole attention to   this   Department   is an   absolute  necessity, and would prevent confusion, which under   the  existing circumstances is certain to prevail. ,   The electric  lighting system also demands  the   undivided attention  of one_man, otherwise the .present-ridiculous and   unfair  system will continue.    Indeed, this   department requires  to be organized   on  a basis   that .will   demand   payment  only for   the   services rendered.     Under   existing conditions there'are glaring inequalities in the charges for light,  and indeed the city would be more than  recompensed for  the salary of an' expert, by the   increased revenue   to the  municipal treasury.     The   same argument  applies to t\\e  water works system, perhaps even more than   the "other  two.    Tt is no secret that a   large  amount of money   has  been lost to the city simply because the collection of water  rates was   not   properly attended to.     With   this department under the control   of a   commissioner a largely   in-  '  creased revenue would be produced and many of the complaints that are now being made would be avoided.     The  work at the City Hall has greatly   increased and is far beyond the physical endurance of the   present   capable staff  to accomplish.   As a matter of fact, a thorough reorganization of municipal officers must take place sooner or   later  if the affairs.of the city are to be carried on   in au efficient  and satisfactory ma ^ner.  Speaking of the subsides granted by the Dominion  Government, the Montreal Star says: " Vast sums of  money are being voted for useless purposes to enable party  managers to levy tribute from contractors. The , condition of things to-day is deplorable, but it will get worse,  and it will get so bad that there will be no cure. The  people will know this in terrific reality when it is too late.  It will be too late to call a halt when the mischief is  wrought the public credit wrecked, with a huge debt  overshadowing us that cannot be paid or repudiated. Then  will come the lamentations of the electorate. If the  public would, it could stop this debauch, restore the  nation's credit and give the present population hope of  handing down to posterity something besides a bankrupt  nation."  Ottawa Citizen: " The announcement that General Sir  William Butler, commanding the British forces in South  Africa? has been recalled for the alleged reason that he  sympathized with the Boers will create a sensation in  military circles, though it is difficult to credit the reason  given for relieving him of his command. -General Butler'  is better known in this country as the author of  "The Great Lone Land" and other books of travel. He  served in this country in the sixties and early seventies  under Lord Wolseley in the Fenian raids and first Red  Mixer expedition. He was one of ". Wolseleys pets," and  rose with his chief, serving under him, hi Ashanti and  Egypt. He married Miss Thompson, the well-known  military artist, whose pictures, The Roll   Call,   Scotland  i KJJ.  THE ECONOMIST.  t  Forever, and Balaclava, are among the most famous  British battle pieces. That any British officer should  have to be recalled from his command because of sympathizing with the enemy is difficult to believe, though a  conscientious soldiernmight resign his commission under  such circumstances. But soldiers are not supposed to  take cognizance of political matters in such a crisis and  General Butlers record has been that of a thorough soldier,  From a professional point of view he was in great luck to  be commanding iivSoiith Africa on the eve of possibly a  serious war and it is hard to believe that he would throw  away his chance by indiscreet meddling in politics or ' reasoning'why' when hisacountry was likely to need his  services." ' , ���  Mr. Hall Caine stolidly declines to say anything in ,  answer to the charge that in "The Christian"  he  boldly  used a paragraph written  by Dean Swift; but a friend of  his   says that before the publication  of this book, Mr.  Caine, in an interview intended  for publication, declared  that he had imseveral places used  the thoughts of other  writers.  Mr. William L. Alden^ writing in the New York  Times, says it is inconceivable that Mr. Caine should have  been guilty of conscious plagiarism, and suggests,that an  author may unconsciously  use passages that have  impressed themselves strongly upon him, and thus become.a  part of his habit of thought.   The San Francisco Argonaut  believes the Caine incident is, trivial, because Mr.  Caine  can hardly be regarded as.an author able to present great  ideas without generous assistance  from  the masters.    As  he writes for .the masses, and not the critics,  this exposure, if it be one,  will  not hurt his reputation,  and his  original   guilt left no room for shame at its discovery.    If,  he did say, in an interview, that in the book he- had used  the thoughts of others, ; a  lawyer   would probably regard  this as manufacturing evidence.     His admission   at   th. t  time makes his' present   silence inconsistent.     Silence in  such cases often impiies disdain rather than dignity.  Greenwood is without adequate school accommodation and the Boundary Creek limes believes "it Is a pity  that the children ofthe city should be denied the, advantages of school life simply becanse the government has  failed to do its duty and the trustees have become dis  gusted at its course. The provocation is great, but under  no circumstances should the city be without a public  school of some sort. It will be at least three months before a new .school can be built. In the meantime the  government should order a public meeting of the householders. New trustees should be elected, a teacher engaged and a hall rented for school purposes. Steps  should be taken at once, to afford the children a better  means of spending their days than running about the  streets." -  During the past few weeks there has been an   epidemic  of burglaries in Nelson, and that protection  which should  be afforded to the property of our   citizens has   not  been  provided.     With so many men  idle   here  at the present  time it is only to be expected that crime will increase, and  1 under these   circumstances  it is desirable   that   the   city  council should afford better protection   to life   and   property.    We are not  rinding fault  with the policemen we  have already, for no doubt they are very capable men,  but we do think that an increased force   is  almost... necessary at this time.   Just-how the burglar can roam at large  at~his   own   sweet  will, jfeeling asured that it is only by  accident a policeman would ever stumble over him.  this Institute every facility for becoming acquainted with"  the mining resources of this Province. It appears to us  that the mine owners and those interested in the mine industry generally should arrange a programme that would  include a visit to the various mines in the district. No  better advertisement for Nelson could be secured than a  visit from such eniment mining,authorities.  Another prisoner has escaped from the provincial jail,  and in fact the only surprise is that with the present lack  of guards there should be any paisonersleft. The attention  of the Government has been repeatedly directed to the  fact that the condition of affairs around the jail is a constant menace to society. The rules and regulations of  that institution cannot be carried out by the present inadequate force.  The rains of the past week or so have done great damage  to the streets. ' In the vicinity of Baker street bridge the  rain has washed away the earth, so as to endanger podes-  trains and horses. The city authorities should see that  those holes are properly filled up and thus avoid possible  lawsuits for damages as a result of accidents.  The case, in favor of Dreyfus is gradually growing  stronger. Expert witnesses, who, in 1894,' testified  against the accused, now admit that they were wrong in  their conclusions at that time. To an outsider it seems  as if Dreyfus should be honorably acquitted, but they  have queer ways of doing things in France.  There is much wisdom in the remark of the Toronto  Saturday Night that the Canadians who are pinching both  their kitchen and their parlor to make professional men  out of their sons would do much better to turn them out  and force them to do something for a livelihood,and acquire the money to obtain a profession.  At the meeting of the city Council last Monday evening, "Alderman Kirkpatrick called attention to the bad  state of the road to the cemetery. It was said that at a  recent funeral the hearse upset. As a result of Aid. Kirk-  patrick's complaint the streets leading to "God's Acre"  will be renaired at once.  The Victoria Globe wants Lieutenant-Governor Mclnnes  to ask for the resignation of Mr. Semi in and his Cabinet.  It is safe to predict that His Honor will not do any, such  thing. Consistency is not one of the jewels worn in the  crown ofthe Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.  The nocturnal wood thief is practising his vocation in  Nelson at the present time. He never buys wood, yet  his fires burn as brightly as those of his neighbor who  pays $4.50 per load for fuel. The wood thief is about the  most contemptible specimen of depraved humanity.  It is announced that the prisoner who escaped from the  Provincial jail has been recaptured. This is good news,  but will the officials be able to restrain him from breaking out again?  It now seems.probable that the   dispute  between   the  city and the Nelson City Land & Improvement Company  will be amicably arranged.  ; On September 12th the Canadian Mining Institute will There has been considerable movement in Nelson real  hold its annual Convention in this city. Something estate the past few weeks. The transactions indicate ad-  should  be  done in the way of affording the members   of    vance in values.  &^^W^^3J1$^^ irzx^'B^&lrs&^^^-^il&x'JLX'-S'iSlzAJZraj "*m '���'��� ���  U "���  mr-  w?  m  I .'(?  li  i'-  il  Iff?  I*'  6'  THE, ECONOMIST.  I was exchanging a few old yarns for new ones   with   a  drummer the other night when the   conversation' took a  turn in the direction of, the general  hardships ��� in the life  of a commercial traveler.     There are a number   of  hard-  ships and trials in a drummer's life, said   my, friend, but  one of the most exasperating is to have a merchant   make  an appointment and deliberately break it.  Very few drum  mers are on   the road   for  their health, but are sent out  for the purpose of selling goods; , but this   fact apparently  , cuts no figure.    A merchant should   take into consideration that hotel and traveling expenses are high, and that  the expense account of a drummer   will   foot   up   prettys  ' high at the end of  the   >ear..   If a merchant thinks   he  can become interested in a   certain line,   and is asked   to"  name'jj certain hour to examine   the   samples, he' should  endeavor to'state a time when he is positive he can   leave  his business, and when such  an   hour  is   set he  should  make it a rule never to break his appointment.     Another  matter is the taking of sizes.     When a   drummer asks   if ���  his sizes are ready he gets a quiet laugh and is   requested  to call again.     Merchants   should   remember that is   not  .business.     What a howl these same merchants   set   up if  their goods are a little slow in being made! How the traveler  is asked to write or wire his house and   see   what   is   the  matter, and yet the same mail will hold a traveler several  days before he will give him a few : izes, and think   nothing of breaking an engagement to look at samples.  seif towards your office, and   he   says, " Good   morning,  Fine day, isn't.it?"   And then you reply,���''How are;you?  Yes, lovely weather."     And   the skies may   be   overcast  -and the air full   of  the   spraylike, indications of coming  rain.    Just keen tab on yourself for  one day,   and   you  will find out that some remark of that nature, is   the   invariable greeting.     But it  is   not  an   intended piece oF  mendacity, nor is it an entirely unconscious   reference   to "  climatic conditions used to open a conversation or   to supplement the regular and   conventional   form .ofgreeting.  The fact that you will tell your friend, or that your friend  tells you,, that  the   weather   is   beautiful, or   that it is a  fine (lay, when  you   both   know ' that the statements are  absolutely false, is due to the inherent desire in,all natures?  to be pleasant, and if your friend greets you with a . smile  and a cheerful look, you at once  get  the   reflection of his  apparent feelings and   immediately suggest   that it is a  beautiful morning.    It is an involuntary personal compliment and there is a good deal of  human   philosophy   behind it, if one stops to think.  There is probably no man in this part of the country  who is better acquainted with the bowels of the earth  and their valuable contents than Mr. P. Perkins, the  mining man. He doesn't w<;ar a divining rod, jbut  he can size up a locatiou or a prospect as well as if he had  -a whole bunch of them. When it comes to shafts-, tunnels, crosscuts, stopping, fissure-reins, blanket deposits,  kidneys, auriferous slates, wet or dry ores, rebellious and  refractory ores, free, milling, chlorinating, leaching and  also assaying, Mr. Perkins waxes eloquent and will talk you  a bound volume of metallurgy or mineralogy   while   you  wait.  A policeman paused upon his beat  And heard the sound of revel  But walked along and did not stop.  This copper's head was level.  Another chanced along that way  And heard the clink of glasses.  He stops a bit and winks one eye  And then along he passes.  ��� And so all through the Sabbath day,  The brimmy growler rushed,  '   And spite of ordinance aud laws,  The misdemeanor's hushed.  To cure this evil, educate  The men who want to drink  And then to desobey the law  An awful wrong they'll think.  For if a man desires to booze,  There's no harm if I tell it,  On Sunday or on Saturday,  ; There's some one sure to sell it.  How often it is that pile is struck forcibly by   the   fact  that the weather is used as a basis of a friendly salutation  Y.ou .meet a friend as you are persistently chasing  your-  There is' probably not a newspaper office in   the   land  that is not in constant receipt of  anonymous communications of various kinds.     As a general thing they are malicious thrusts at somebody's   reputation, or   setting "forth  statements which have no foundation in fact.     hi. a'properly   conducted office, these   letters "are  promptly consigned ,to the waste basket.     Rarely they creep into print  and the object of the letter is obtained.    "Such a letter   is,  one of the greatest insults that, can   be offered to a newspaper man.     The writer of an anonymous letter says   in  effect:     " I wish tb use you and your paper to gratify my  personal spite or vanity, but I have no confidence . in your  honor;   therefore,   I   don't sign my name:"     This is probably the   true statement ofthe feeling which prompts  a  man who has no honor himself and has no confidence in  the honor of any one   else.     He  is   incapable of   understanding   the feeling which would prompt a man to go to  jail rather than divulge the sources of his information,   as  a plucky reporter did in an   eastern   city a  short time  ago.     Utterly cowardly and contemptible he will attempt  to stab a man in the back if he  has   an opportunity,   and  will as soon play a dirty trick upon the editor   who serves  his ends as upon  the   person he attempts to injure in   his*  communication..    There are   but two   explanations for a  sane man's writing an anonymous letter.     One is that he  is a   coward, and fears to meet the result which his work  will cause.     The other is that he is a liar, and knows that  the statements he makes can be disproveu, to his own disgrace. ���  Dan Godfrey's band appears to be taking the coast  people by storm. According to a report received by  Manager Annable fully eight thousand people attended  the concert at Brockton Point. The prospects are that  the veteran bandmaster and his musicians will receive a  hearty welcome at Nelson. Indeed, the seats for both  afternoon and evening performances are already selling  rapidly.     ' P. G.  Tommy���Papa, what is the difference between obstinacy and firmness?  ptlpa it's the difference between your mother and myself, my son.  Small boy, noticing the policeman appropriating some  of the choicest fruit���Say, Copper,, when yer pass the  apple woman's stand agin will yer pinch one fer me, too?  -r1  r. \  Counters, shelves and store fixtures ior sale.   Apply to  Theo. Madson, Baker street, Nelson. THE ECONOMIST.  HERE AND THE HE.  f  The Famous Bordereau.  The famous bordereau, on the authenticity and authorship of which the fate of Dreyfus will be principally decided, consisted of a sheet of paper, torn into four pieces,  which were said to have been fished out from the waste-  papers of the German Embassy by French War Office  spies, who brought the old paper under color of merely  trading with it as rag merchants. ,   -  It had ,the appearance of a letter which had been carelessly thrown aside and afterwards patched together.  It was written on a particular kind of paper used in  photography, manufactured by only a few makers, and  seldom sold in any. quantity. ' None of it was found at  Dreyfus'house. G,  The following was the.text of the document:  (1) A note on the hydraulic brake of 120, and the way in  which it worked wrhen experiments were made.  (2) A note on the covering forces (some modifications  will be introduced by the new plan).  (3) A note on a modification in artillery formations.  (4) A note relating to Madagascar.  (5) The draft of a practice handbook for field artillery  (Mar. 14, 1894).     ���  , \  This last document.is extremely difficult to obtain, and  T can only have it at my disposal for a very few days. The  Minister of War has sent a fixed number of them to the  corps, and these corps are responsible for them; each  officer has to send back his own after the manoeuvres. If  therefore, you wish to take from it what interests you and  , will hold it at my disposition afterwards, I will take it; unless you should prefer that I should have it copied in ex-  tenso, and should only send you a copy of it.  " I am about to set'out for the manoeuvres."  Of these five " pieces" four are '��� notes" whose value is  known only to the receiver, while as regards.the practice  manual it was simply a printed and distributed document  which any i ���finer could obtain.  All the handwriting experts or real repute affirm that  Dreyfus did not write it, and the majority are of opinion  thut Esterhazv did.  The Plain Girls Matrimonial Chances.  A woman who had seen much of the world was asked  on one occasion why plain girls often get married sooner  than handsome ones. To which she replied . that it was  owing mainly to the tact ofthe plain girls and the vanity  and want to tact on the part of men. "How,do you  make that out?" asked a gentleman. "The plain girls  flatter the men, to please their vanity; while the handsome ones wait to be flattered by the men, who haven't  the tact to do it."  It is always safer to risk a little flattery.  " Happy is the wooing  That is not long a-doing,"  says the old couplet; butamodean counseller thinks it  necessary to qualify the adage by. the advice: "Never  marry a girl unless you have known her three days, and,  at a picnic." In this as in other mattters, it is always  desirable to hit the happy medium. To marry in haste is  certainly worse than a too protracted courtship���though  the latter has its dangers, too, for something may occur at  any time to break off the affair altogether and prevent  what might have been a happy union.  A friend of Robert Hall, the famous English preacher,  once asked him regarding a girl of their acquaintance;  "Will she make a good wife for me?" " Well," replied  Mr. Hall, "lean hardly say. I never lived in the same  house with her!" Here Mr. Hall touch ed the real test of  happiness in married life. It is one thing to see women  on "dress"   occasions, and when   every effort is made toy  please them!  it is quite another thing to see  them  ami d  the varied and ^often  hold life.  conflicting circumstances of house-  Was it Murder? .' fJ  A man entered a wayside inn recently and was sup plied,  with a mug of beer.    The innkeeper saw him empty into  the liquor the contents of a small white paper packet, and  suspecting, an   attempt  at  suicide,   tried   to stop    him  from drinking the mixture.     The man laughed, however,  and said it was only an emetic he had   taken,   as   some-,  thing had disagreed with him.    The innkeeper was by no  means -reassured either by the man'sstatement or  by   his  manner, and, unwilling to risk a tragedy on his premises,  he sent for a policeman^     An examination of  the   white  paper   packet  confirmed in   the   constable's opinion the  ��� landlord's theory of suicide;  and byway of being at  any  rate on the safe side, they forced the man, despite his protests, to swallow a strong solution   of  common   salt, the  policeman's " First Aid"- experience having made   him  aware that that is an excellent emetic for  use in an emergency.     To their  unspeakable   consternation   the  man  died;  and the post-mortem examination revealed the extraordinary fact that it was the   salt  and   water that had  killed him.     The white paper packet which the man had  emptied into his beer   had   contained   sulphate  of  zinc,  which by itself would   have   done   him no   harm.'    The  salt  and   water   unfortunately   converted the innocuous ���  sulphate into the deadly chlorido of zinc, and thus brought  about the luckless man's death.  His Final Request.  A Scotch farmer, celebrated in his neighborhood for his  immense strength and skill in his athletic exercises, very  frequently had the pleasure of contending with people  who came to try their strength against him.' Lord D.,  a great pugilistic amateur, went from London on purpose  to fight the athletic Scot. The latter was working in an  inclosureata little distance from his house when the  noble lord arrived. Plis lordship tied his horse to a tree  and addressed the farmer. " Friend, I have heard marvel- ,  ous reports of your skill and have come a long way to see  which of us two is the better wrestler."  The Scotchman, without answering,   seized the^ nobleman, pitched him over the  hedge   and   then   set  about  working   again.     When  Lord   D. got up, " Well," said  the farmer, " have you nothing to say to me?"  " No," replied his lordship, " but perhaps you'd be good  enough to throw me my horse."'  They Thought they Knew.  The lesson was from the Prodigal Son, and the "Sunday  school teacher was dwelling on the character of the elder  brother. " But amidst all the rejoicing." he said, "there  was one to whom the preparation of the feast brought no  joy, to whom the prodigal's return gave no pleasure, but  only bitterness; one who did not approve of the feast  being held and who had no wish to attend, it. Now can  any of you tell me who this was?"  There was a breathless silence, followed by a vigorous  cracking of thumbs, and then from a dozen sympathetic  little geniuses came the chorus," Please, sir, it was the  fatted calf."  Mr. Wholesale���Your former employer tells   me   you  were the quickest bookkeeper in the place.       ,  , Applicant (dubiously)���He does? r  Mr. Wholesale���Yes; he says you could chuck the books:  in the safe, lock up, and get ready to go home in just one  minute and ten seconds.  y. ^^��^^���w��^^raCT.#��^3ULJ2sr��ar^��:rc^ ,  Ifl'  s  8  THE ECONOMIST.  iff  f  .si  ���>sr  St  IP  hi  \i  I-  W  PK  I: if  ROLL THE COTTON DOWN.  We sing no song of Right or Wrong,  Or, War, or Fame or Duty;  Our chanty free it still shall be  Of ships, and beer, and beauty,  So roll the cotton down;  The-Ocean Pride swings with the tide,  0, roll the cotton.down!  Aye, messmates true !    Kit's eyes, are blue,  And Bet's a dainty clipper���  Black brow, red lip,.;one day we'll ship  With Cupid for our skipper.  Ho!    Roll the cotton down!  , With bridal veils to be our sails���  Yah!    Roll the cotton down!  Long nights, long days, calm, clear and haze,  She's kicked and guttered through it; '  A racing run, storm, wind and sun  And men do drive her to it!  Now roll the cotton down.  Our fight is fought, her wharf-line's taut,;  We'll roll the cotton down.'  Now we shall eat���good fat, fresh meat,  And take our hard-won pleasure;  Now we shall laugh, jest; lore and quaff  And sing our drunken measure  Of "Roll the cotton down!"  Our mint of joy may prove alloy-  But roll the cotton down!  True sailors wTe. let loose from sea,  And tavern turned and town ward;  Blear aftermath of barren bath  That grades life's journey downward.  Bah!    Roll the cotton down!  Let care go sink!    Drink, comrades, drink!  And roll the cotton down!  Before our days they walk our ways,  And held our hot emotions,  Who at world's gates dared Hell and Fates, -  And open up five oceans!  So roll the cotton down;  All damned are they (as we some day),  But roll the cotton down!  Black Bet's a queen'    Kit's eyes a-sheen  Are deeper than blue waters,  Red tides of Hell!   Our souls we'd sell  For those white kevil's daughters.  Hev!    Roll the cotton down!  " You love me true?"   Then I love you���  Oh, roll the cotton down!  Let preachers fault:    all blood is salt���  All flesh, both red and human.  We've songs to sing, we've hearts to fling.  Before the feet of woman.  So roll the cotton dow^n.  Life's pleasures pass, fill up jour glass,  We roll the Cotton down,'  Cotton down,  Roll the cotton down.  -r-E. J. Brady in Sydney .Bulletin-  A MAN'S LIFE.  "It is a question," Professor Kirk h offer said, quietly,  '"'between this and that."���  Saying thus, he looked down at thetwo objects between  which choice had to be made. " Thi>>"- was a man, a  brown skirmed man of the upper Asian steppes.      He lay  prone upon the desert sand, his eyes, unseeing eyes,  wide*  open, motionless save for an   occasional   twitching of the  limbs as the'fever shiver shook him;, silent, except when  his parched   lips  moved  in   the   inarticulate  mutter of  delirium.    The professor's gaze did not linger   upon   this  piteous figure.     It traveled to " that" ���two loads   of clay  tablets, evidenty of extreme antiquity and closely covered  with a strange cuneiform character, 'which had just  been  strapped by his companion to the back   of  two   kneeling  camels.  " Seeing we are now reduced to two beasts only,," he  went on, his eye shifting for an instant to the body of the  third camel, which lay dead some 20 yards off", " seeing'  also that we are in a waterless desert, probably 24 hours'  c ride'from the nearest well and that this man is a dead  weight on ou''hands"���  ' "Yoivdon't. dream   of abandoning the  poor  chap?"  ' Dick Harding broke in. '  The professor glanced uneasily over ^his smoked spectacles. Harding was a puzzle to him, a man of distinguished scientific attainments, capable of strong scientific  enthusiasm, yet occasionally betraying a vein of sentimentality altogether out of place in connection with scientific  exploration. Kirkhofier had had inconvenient experience of this peculiarity more than once- during the  year spent with Harding in ��� the remote fastnesses of  Tibet, ' . , ��  "You wouldn't leave him hear to  die?"   the   English-  . man persisted. - ;  The professor rubbed his forehead  thoughtfully. "Pie's  bound to die soon in any case."    a   -  " I don't see that at all.     If we can not keep him  alive  till we get out of this"���        ,  " Impossible, my friend.     He caunot walk,   and   these  two   camels   cannot carry him in addition to you and me  and the tablets."  " Then leave some of the tablets behind."  The professor fairly gasped for breath.  " Leave���leave behind some of  the   tablets?"   he stammered.     " Leave the records of a civilization to which the  Arcadian is a thing of yesterday���to be swallowed  up   by  the, next sandstorm?   Give my great discovery, the greatest of the ceuti.ry, maimed and imperfect, to   the   world?  Harding, you must be mad.     What's the life of a   Khir-  giz Tartar besides these priceless things?"  Kirkhoffer's shortsighted eyes gleamed  angrily  behind  his glasses;  his voice was thick with passion.  .    " What's a  Khirgiz  Tartar?"   he growled  like a wild  animal-  " He's a man, anyway,". Harding retorted. "Suppose  I refuse to leave this fellow?"  "Then"���the professor became all at once ominously  cool���" I shall be forced to remind you that I am the  head of this expedition and you my salaried assistant; also  that these animals are my property. 1 go, they go -with  me.    You can join the party or not, as you please."  Harding grew pale. " That is the choice you offer me?  Then I say you are a blackguard.  " And I say," indifferently, " that you are a fool. Come,  will you mount?  " No!" furiously.  The German shrugged his shoulders.  " Have it your own wray," he said.     And, gathering up  the   long leading rein which he had fastened to the   head  of one camel, he prepared to seat  himself on   the other.  But here Harding  sprang upon him suddenly.     " No,  you don't," he  cried.     "You   shall  leave me one, you  brute, though it was a hundred times your property.!''  "Stand off!"   the professor cried.  Harding's answer was to close with hini silently, and"  there ensued a trial of strength whereof the issue 'seemed  for several minutes doubtful. The men were not ill  matched. Kirkhoffer was the taller and heavier, but  then.he was also the elder by 20 years, and Harding's  naturally   lithe habit  of  body had known  an  English  h- THE ECONOMIST.  9  THE SLAVES OF STEAM.  I  public school and university training.    The result of   the  conflict was still uncertain when   the professor  suddenly  loosed his hold and fell back, leaving the prize of contention, the led camel, almost in the other's clutch.    Harding stooped to seize the creature's halter and rose again, to  find himself covered by his antagonist's revolver,  "Now, perhaps," the man of science observed, "you.wil!  -consent to hear reason.    No use,   my  good   friend,"  as  Harding's hand went briskly to his breast   pocket.     "I  drew the charge while you'were  asleep this morning  in" view of possible difficulties as they arise."  2Dick Harding, under the covering revolver, stood   erect  and���dumb.     To argue further with a man   prepared   to  commit murder oh behalf of his tablets of baked'clay   was  simple waste of breath-  Keeping the muzzle of his weapon pointed full.at Harding's breast, Professor Kirkhoffer    mounted   his  camel,  made both the great beasts get up and began to move  on.  As long as Harding remained within running up distance  he continued to hold the revolver raised and   leveled,   sitting sideways on his ��� animal  to   insure an  accurate aim.  But after a minute the camels broke into a long awkward  trot.     In two minutes they were beyond pursuit.     Then  the professor pocketed his firearm and threw his leg across  , the saddle.     ".Yolir own fault, remember!"   was his final  greeting before he disappeared over the top of the nearest  sand dune.    , '  When he had disappeared, Harding looked about him,  reviewing the situation. It was no .cheering prospect  that met his eye���a dead waste of sand hills to north, south,  east and west,-white not in the glare of the   tropical   sun.  Two dark blots alone broke the pale surface of the wilderness, the stiffening bulk of the dead camel and the limp  figure of the fever stricken camel driver���truly no pleasant place to die in, more especially if you happen to be  young and strong and the death to which you stand condemned is death by'hunger and thirst., A few hours  would exhaust the scanty,remains of food and water left  in the skin andfsaddlebag lying hard by the dead camel,  and then���  Harding shook off anticipations ��of  coining torture   to  take stock of his   wretched commissariat and, rummaging  in the bag, found a priceless treasure, nothing less than an  untouched bottle of quinine!     Why, with   this he might  hope to revive the Khirgiz, whose  case, but for the   sup -  posed exhaustion of the expedition's medicine   chest, had$. be immediately roasted to a cinder,  never been a serious one.     Escape was yet possible. v   - "  Escape! From a trackless wilderness in. which they  could only wander aimlessly to and fro, having no single  instrument by which to determine their position or point  the way? Saving his assistant's pack, the professor had  carried off everything.  No, not everything. Even as this thought sank like a  stone into Harding's heart his eye fell upon something  glittering at his foot. With a shaking hand he grasped  it, lifted it���and broke into a cry of mingled triumph and  thauskgiving which startled the Kirkgiz from his lethargy.  Sailors, even in the worst ships   and   the   most   severe  trades, have, taking their work all   around,   quite a good  time when compared with   the   firemen and trimmers of  steamship.   'It really makes little difference to these truly  unfortunate toilers what class of ship they  are   in   or   in  what trade.     No one   except  a   marine engineer can appreciate   properly what   the labor   of keeping a   head  of  steam entails   upon the men engaged in it,, and his sympathies are usually alienated by the fact that between him  and his grimy gang there is usually a state of  war.     He  wants steam wants it continually, and it is his duty to see  that he gets it, no matter what conditions are in the stock-  hold.     The skipper is thankful enough to have somebody  under him whose duty, it is to control the fierce, lawless lot  of men usually composing the " black gang."  Any occupation more appalling than that of a sea stoker,  or fireman, as they are always called in the merchant service, is hardly to be imagined.     Take   for   instance,   the  case of a big tramp steamer bound let us say, to   Bombay.  She is, we will suppose of 400-horse   power' nominal  and  has two stockholds with four furnaces in each.     She will  be considered well manned with   twelve firemen and six  coal trimmers.     They   are divided into three watches   of  four  hours   each,   so  that  each watch   has   four, hours  work   and four   hours rest.     This   compares   favorably,  in point  of time,   with   the sailors," who have four hours,  on   and   off  alternatively.  �� But,'   then,   no  men could  stand the strain of stockhold work in^alternating watches  four hours each, and so it has been  found   absolutely   imperative to give fireman , a   double allowance of reso.     As  most people know who have ever   seen   a  steamboat, the  stockhold is quite at   the   bottom of the ship,   extending  right across her with the exception of the bunkers, or coal  receptacles, which lie along either side,    Space being   so  valuable,  not  an   inch   more   room   than is   absolutely  necessary is allowed between the front of the boilers   and '  the   watertight   bulkhead   which   divides  the stockhold  from the transverse bunker.     So close, indeed is this iron  wall from'the furnace doors that a'visitor descending into  these,hiferno for the first time, and seeing   one  of   those,  glowing white saverns flung  open,   shrinks back against ���  the barrier iu utmost dismay, feeling sure that   he   must  Pushing back his long hair, the man made an effort to sit  -up.  "The master? Where U the master?" he asked, look-  about him in surprise.  Harding laughed grimly. " Heaven alone knows,  since he has left his compass here."  And heaven alone knows to this hour the course of the  wretched Kirkhoffer's wandering. When Hradingand  the Khirgiz, guided by the instrument which he had  dropped in his scuffle with.the Englishman, reached, after  manifolds toils and sufferings, the confines of human  habitation, they could obtain no tidings of their vanished  chief. Aud, although Harding insisted on organizing a  new expedition to search for him, its labors were fruitless.  His,fate remains as unknown to the world as the history of that ancient empire whose records lie buried with  him in the sands of central Asia.  ,   The flooring is of iron plates, roughened, of course,   but  horribly slippery, even with a   liberal   sprinkling   of coal  dust.     Into   this   gloomy   pit   two   fireman  descend at  eight   bells,   and   immediately begin   their   four   hours'  work, one to each pair of fires.     Flinging  wide   the first  furnace door,, the fireman glances down the long hollow of  incadeseent coal with  eyes   so   accustomed to   the   fierce  glare that he can tell on the instant whether his predecessor has   "kept   her  clean."     All   being  satisfactory, he  braces himself against the bulkhead with legs wide apart,,  and with rapid,  skilful sweep of shovel spreads the   coal  evenly over the whole surface if the fire,   so   that it shall  ignite   rapidly  and , nowhere form a black heap that will  temporarily rob the fuauace of its fury.     At the   best   of  times this is no child's   play but   when the ship is plunging   end   on   into   the sea raised by a fierce gale, it seems  nothing short of miraculous how  any man can   keep   his  feet on the plates, can avoid being flung headlong against  the hungry mouth of the furnace.     But no   time may be  be lost.     The period   during   which a door may   remain  open is necessarily short, at feeding time that is, and suddenly the door is slammed to and then nex;t one opened.  The process is repeated on the second fire, and a short  spell ensues while the fireman swabs his streaming head  and trunk with a piece of cotton net always loosely tied  round his neck, and constituting the badge of the fireman.  Then the " slice," the " pricker" and the "devil" must be  plied, long iron tools where-with to search .the   bowels of  . 1  \ ��*nnrf��jr*U7M��+g  j, mull j  ���|<'t|^f^tf,  pwfiitt luiltym.i^i.,,^  ^y^^.��ti^j^jjT--&-airjt'i��7-i(Jt!>H-?,-HtirM:ti��?-i!iA;p,tf ���1>fgT!ff>J��gv.rj��ms: jr*"��"  l!y  14  o  10  THIs ECONOMIST.  W-  III  I  I  I*  It-  Ife  i �����  ijj  i2  I  the roaring mass, and prevent any, clogging on the firebars, hindering the free passage ofthe draught up through.  This part of the business is far more severe than simply  stioyeling in fuel, for the workman must stand closer to  the fire and look with scorching eyeball into the heart of  things. So the watch passes with an occasional chilly  dashof sea down through grating above or a searching  blast down through the bell-mouthed ventilators, most  welcome though=dangerous; for when in the tropics not  a breath of cool air descends, and the temperature rises  to something not far short of that within a baker's oven.  Meanwhile within the blackness of the bunkers the  lonely trimmer toils to keep a supply of coal always at the  bunker door in readiness for the fireman's shovel. When  the bunkers are full and the great fragments of coal hurtle  down their slopes around the toiling figure in a denseG  cloud of dust quite obscuring his dim lamp, his position  looks, as indeed it is, frightfully dangerous., Cuts and  bruisas are so pleiitifnl that he ceases to notice them. Pie  gets used to breathing an atmosphere that is largly composed of gas and coal dust, and actually prefers a full bunker to a half empty one, because|of the great labor involved  in heaving the coal long distances to the outlet. And at  eight bells he and hits two mates wind up their watches  by their trifling work of heaving up through the ventilator a few dozen buckets of ashes and dumping them down  the ash-shoot to leeward.  Leading a life like this is it any wonder that firemen  and trimmers are such a rough crowd that even sailors  will not associate with them, or that they are left to their  own wreckless, desperate way when ashore.  An  able  DREYFUS DICTIONARY.  Persons And Things���Their Identity and Meaning.  The following table, giving the significance of the  names of persons mentioned and things discussed in  the course of the Dreyfus trial will probably recommend  itself to many readers  for, purposes reference:  The Bordereau.  at  to  It  The document found in bits among the waste paper  the German Embassy, pieced together, and attributed  Dreyfus, though undoubtedly   Esterhazy   wrote  it.  offers secret information, and it is of course unsigned and  undated.  The Secret Dossier.  A collection of more or less private documents bearing  on the case/only one of which, unless the War Office has  manufactured any more forgeries, mentions Dreyfus by  name, and this is absolutely commonplace  and innocent.  The "DIkI" Article.  Written by Esterhazy in the Eclair, bitterly attacking Picquart on private information illegally lent him by  the War Office.  The Petit Bleu.  A telegram found at the German Embassy, written by  Colonel von Schwarzkoppen, the German Military Attache  to Esterhazy, inviting him to call. It was torn up, the  writer having changed his mind about sending it. This  Esterhazy contends is a forgery.  The Weyler Letter.  A forged letter, incriminating;- Dreyfus, sent to the  War Office.    Author, probably, De Clam.  Ce Canaille De D.......  A phrase in one of the documents of the secret  dossier. Does not refer to Dreyfus, but to a subordinate,  whose name is said to be known to the French War  Office. - '  &. Scheurer-Kestner.  The Senator.    The first public man   who   prominently  took up the cause of revision    (in   July 1897).  champion, who was not afraid of consequences.  Me. Fernard Labori.  Counsel of Zolo and Picquart. Also now appearing at  Kennes.  Me. Demange.  Dreyfus's council at the court-martial, and during the  present trial.  General Mercier.  Minister of War (November 1893���January 1895) when  Dreyfus was arrested. His bitterest foe, and utterly implacable. It was he who laid secret evidence before the  cou rt-martial j udges. *'  Lieut. Du Paty De Clam.  The melodramatic villain of the piece, set a trap to sur-  prise Dreyfus by dictating to him the text of the bordereau.  Warm supporter of Esterhazy, acted the part of the  "veiled lady," assisted in forging telegrams to entrap  Picquart, and did the dirty work ofthe War Office.  Since disowned by  all and expelled from the Army.  M.Delegorgue. .     ,  President at the Zolo trial, Made history by his stock  saying in favor of the War Office "party, "The question  shall not be put.,"  General Bolsdeffre.  Chief of the General Staff at the time of the Dreyfus  prosecution. Resigned because Henry deceived him.  Was in touch with all the Esterhazy trickeries; ��� Now ill,  and keeping in the background.  Speranza Letter.  Forged letter sent to Picquart with the object of inspiring official circles ,with the belief that he was an agent of  the Dreyfus syndicate.  CourDe Cassation.  , Highest French Court of Appeal.    The body which decreed the retrial of Dreyfus.  The Dossier.  The collectipn of legal documents bearing on a case.  Properly speaking the " envelope" containing the documents!  M. LemercierPlcard.  War Office agent and forger of the humbler type.   Laid  a trap for the Dreyfus party,  which  failed.    He was im-  4 prisoned and hanged himself.  M-. Casimlr-Perier.  President at the time of the Dreyfus trial. He had the  courage to speak out to the Court of Cassation and announce that the prisoner was convicted on secret evidence.  MMIe De Paysi  The mistress of Esterhazy..  Veiled Lady.  Was Paty de Clam, disguised, who handed the document liberateur" to Esterhazy, near the Arc de Triomphe.  It was suggested that Esterhazy , thought the lady was  inspired by revenge on Picquart.  Like a Lady.  "Frances," said that little girl's mamma, who was  entertaining callers in the parlor, " you came down stairs  so noisily that you could be heard all over the house. You  know how to do it better than that. Now go back and  come down the stairs like a lady."  Frances retired and after a lapse of a few minutes re-entered the parlor.  "Did you hear me come down stairs this  time,   mamma?" ��� ���" .,-."'���' ���'-.       ��� '-''AJ' ������''���������  "No, dear. I am glad you came down gquietly. Now  don't let me ever have to tell you again not to come down  noisily, for I see that you can come down like a lady the  secondti me, while the first time you made so much noise."  "The last time I slid down the banisters," explained  Frances.  yc ',  5S=r.  tS  SfSKsiaKSSSi mm  THE ECONOMIST.  I  11  *r  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^^^^  ���������������������������������������<�������� j * ��*+++++++++4++++^  ���  ���  ���  . ���  ���  X  X  ���  ���  ���  ���  X  ��� '  X  ���  ���  X  X  K1RKPATRICK &  TELEPHONES .o AND 4,.  POSTOFFICE BOX K & W.  ��� ��� ��� ���  ���   14  West Baker Street  14  West Baker Street  ������������^���������������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������^^���������������^���^^44#^^4^^  ���  :  ���  ���  ���.  ���  ���  ���  ������ #>^3^4>$^ ���������  HERE AND THERE.  Judging By Noses.  Generally speaking, noses may be devided into five  classes���the Roman or aggressive, the acquisitive nose,  the aquiline, the turned-upand the flat.  Owners   of Roman   noses   have   obstinate,   aggressive  natures, and most always want their own way in. everything they undertake.     Irritability,  warmth of  affection  ���-   and fondness for society may   also be characteristic of the  owner of a Roman nose.  Men successful in the financial world have the acquisitive  nose, which is curved.     It indicates a cautious and   keen  disposition w'th defensive powers   toward   any   personal  possessions.  The aquiline or Greek nose is the most-beautiful  of all.  It denotes a nature full of refinement and shows   that tbe  owner is a lover of the fine arts, ha? an   active disposition  towards things in sympathy with his own-ideas and is   of  ' a courageous spirit.  The turned-up nos.e is   seen   evervwhere.     Its   owners  ask   questions  in   a  childish   way instead of finding out  . things for themselves. ������".- '������'."��� y,:   ;.  The flat hose is .usually the- herald-: of a good-natured  person apt to be rather vain and shallow but with - intuitive faculties. ' ,   '  OES30  ...HAVE RECEIVED...  E CARLOADS OF FURNITURE  In Stock.  They do the business because  their prices are the best.  Baker St., Cor. of Kootenay St.,  lelson, B. C.  Boiling Eggs For the Bishop. f  Bishop Paret (Episcopalian), of Baltimore, some time  ago was the guest of an Episcopal family in West Virginia.     Learning from the  bishop   that   he   liked hard-  boiled Qggs for breakfast, his hostess went to the kitchen  to boil them herself,   ���  .While so engaged she began to sing the first' verse of  the well-imown hymn, Rock of Ages." Then she saner  the second verse, the bishop, who was in the diningrooiih  joining in When it Was ���finished,- there was silence,  the lady .herself came into the room a few minutes later,  carrying the eggs, and the bishop remarked:  "Why not sing the third verse?" v  ,'' The third verse," she replied,    " Oh, that's not neces-  fecil. V, '  '  ��?-<tuU- undei;stan<l,�� replied Bishop Paret.  Why, you see, bishsp," she replied, "when lam-  cook ing eggs ,Im always, sing one verse for soft boiled and  two for hard boiled." ' >'  MR "-r.SMUtM3l-l.-t  a--K-��iijKK<K.wa^3Wia��jna��  ���-^"���^Wl   ���J<1..t^l-=��t,'|1rlnU|1  'lUilMMMm   -*tj*  ^-^^���^-rjsga^aaffff^jgj^TaSwg^s^^  12  THE ECONOMIST.  I  I*'  I''  t  P. Burns & Co.  n  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  Old Lady���Goodness! How dangerous it is to go up in a balloon..  Balloonist���Not half as dangerous as  it is to come down, ma'am.  Meat Merchants  HEAD OFFICE: Nelson, B.C.  .   BRANCHES AT   .  4 ROSSLAND  SANDON  u  TRAIL   . NELSON KASLO  THREE FORKS SLOCAN CITY c  *.  ft WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DE\LE'RS IN  West Kootenay Butcher Co  FRESH AND SALT MEATS.  Camps supplied on shortest notice and lowest prices.  Mail orders receive careful attention.  |      Nothing bnt fresh and wholesome meats and supplies  |  kept in stock/  5J  Wagg���Why did the boss   discharge  you?  Jaggs���Because I was loaded.  WANTED���BY YOUNG SCOTCHWOMAN;  position as nurse. Js capable of taking  complete charge of children. First-class references. Apply to Mrs. R. J. Skinner, president  Y.  "-v. c. A., 1227 Rolson street,'Vancouver.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  *  E. C TRAVES, Manager.  ..Humphreys & Pitjtock..  Next to Nelson Hotel, Baker Street, Telephone No. 93.  iCE CREAM and  Agents for  Victoria Colonist  Seattle Times  S..F. Bulletin  ALL  Nelson Economist  Nelson Miner,  Victoria Times  Toronto Mail and Empire  Toronto Farm and Fireside  New York Sunday, World,  And Other Periodicals.  ICE CREAM SODA.  FRESH  California Fruits  Received Daily.  rbTrbTrbnronroTTo^ronr^  KOOTENAY LAKE SAW MILL  Lumber,  Lath,  Shingles.  G. O. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  Orders   Promptly   Filled   and j'S.ash & Doors  Satisfaction   Given.      Nelson   Mouldings,  Yard, Foot of Hendryx Street.  Turned Work.  JOHN RAE, AGENT.  Vs .���������������,..���..,���.,    0  Tiger Mineral Claim, situate in the Nelson  Mining Division of "West Kootenay District.  Where located :   About five miles west from .  Nelson, near Eagle, Creek.  Take notice that 1, Arthur S. Far we 11, agent,  for George A. Kirk, Free Miner's Certificate "  No. 88,385, intend,-sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose'  of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim. ,:  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 15th day of August, 1899.  23-8-99. ' A. S. Farwell.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  The Delight, Woodstock, Calgary and Atlantic Mineral Claims, situate in , the Nelsoh '  Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  Where located : On Toad Mountain, about,  one mile west of "Silver King" Mineral  Claim.  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, P.L.S.,  ot the City ofjNelsou, acting as agent for the  Delight Gold Mining Company, Limited, Free  Miners's Certificate,No. B 26,G87, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining Crown  Grants of the above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this sixteenth day of August, 1899.  John McLatchie.  FOR SALE.  Half interest or whole in the Victory and  Silver Tip Creek claims, on the west branch  of the Duncan River. Apply to William  Pollock, Rossland, B. C.  PATENAUDE BROTHERS  JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS  Fine Watches a  Specialty  NELSON, 6. C.  ,OHN McLATCH IE  Dominion and  Provincial  Land Surveyor,  Opp. Custom House, Nelson B. C  CLUB HOTEL  Corner Stanley and Silica Streets  RATES; $i per day and up.  Schooner Beer, to cents  E. J. Curran,/ Proprietor.  ���M  If  BKRBraBsasRxmamaEH  tomt-msjim THE ECONOMIST.  1n  lo  9  -^��-  "^JTr  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Bird's Eye, Inverness and Princeton Fraction mineral claims, situate in the Nelson  MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  Where located :   On Morning Mountain.'  Take notice that I, John McLatchie, of tho  city of Nelson, acting as agent for Angus G.  Shaw, free miner's certificate No. 21,8J7A, J.  A. McRae, free miner's certificate No. 2J,6o8A,  A. E. Crossett, i'ree miner's certificate No.  B 11 ,-187, and,David Lusk, free miner's certificate No. B rJ'.MS, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder  for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining Crown Grants ofthe above  claims. And further take notice that action,  under section ,'57, must be commenced before  ' the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 22nd day of July, 1899.  John McLATcmE.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  "Ida D" Mineral Claim, situate in the Nelson Mining Division of WestKootenay Dis  rated:   On North Fork of Salmon  jining the ''Second Relief "Mineral  trict  Wher  , River, t.  Claim.  '  Take notice that I, John A. Coryell, Provincial Land Surveyor, as agent for Reginald,K.  Neill, Free Miner's Certificate No B 11,W6, and  Joseph E. Read. Free Miner's Certificate No.  19,088 A, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  a Certificate of'Improvements, for he purpose  of ([obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 87, must be commenced before the  issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of August, 1899.    ���  ' '      John A. Coryell.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Star Mineral' Claim, situate in the Nelson  Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  Where Located: Between Sandy and Eagle  Creeks, about 2V�� miles south-east of the Poor-  man mineral claim.  Take notice that 1, John McLatchie, free  miner's certificate No. B 11,32(J, acting as  agent for Oscar Johnson, Free Miner's Certificate No. 21,712 A, Mike Johnson, Free Miner's1 Certificate No. 23,2-11 A, and John Blom-  berg, free minor's certificate No. 21,791 A, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown Grant ofthe above claim. And further take notice that action, under section 87,  must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of*improvements.  JOHN McLATCHIE, P. L. S.  Dated this 30th day of June, 1899.      :  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Onix, Humboldt, C. &K., Josie and Free-  mont Mineral claims, situate in the Nelson'  MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  Where located : On south bank of Kootenay  River and on the East side of Eagle Creek.  Take notice that I, Robert Scott Lennie, as  agent for the Golden Five Mines, Limited,  (non personal liability), of Nelson, B. C.,free  '���< mi npr's certificate No. \i 11,617, intend, sixty  d'sysfrom the date hereof,' to apply to the  Mining Rec. irdor for a certificate of improve-  ruentsrfor the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim. And further take  notice that action, under section 37, must be  commenced before the Issuance of such certificate oi" improvements. ��  Dated this 8th day of Julv, 1899.  SvOS  ANGELES  is ��*�����    THE  GREAT  MINING JOURNAL  OF THE  GREAT  SOUTHWEST.  16 Pages, with Heavy Cover EVERY WEEK.  LOWEST PRICED  Mining Journal on the PACIFIC COAST.  Subscription $2 a Year.  Single Copies 5 cents.  SEND    FOR   .  RLE Copy��� free:-'  110-112 H. Broadway, Los Anoeles CaL  wOSt  ADSCN.  0  Come in and   inspect our   stock  of Carvers,  Spoons, Cutlery and House Furnishings.  NY. Id  importers of Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  THENELSO  Prints Everything  Letter Heads  Note Heads  Bill Heads  Statements  Envelopes  Business Cards  Visiting Cards  Menu Cards  Receipts  Etc., Etc.  -At  PRICES  COMPLETELY  Be Convinced.  of Stationery  ORDERS BY MAIL RECEIVE  PROMPT ATTENTION.  STREET, NELSON, B.C.  w��i]Myiujw����i��^iuffi^iMt��iM����im;.m^ 14
THE ECONOMIST.
11
She—You cannot kiss me with  my j
consent.
TJe—ISTot once?
Sl,u_No; but can't you see I've left
v.iy consent at home.
May—There were three engaged n en
i«t the partv the other night,
j^tliel—How do you know?
May—I'm engaged to them.
Z NOTICE.
r,-, thP mitterof the estate of William Gi],-
more&i^ £t« of the City of Nelson, in
he County of Kootenay, deceased.
Notice is lierebv given, pursuant to the Ko-
vised Statutes of "British C olumbia, 1897 Chap-
Jlse,o- tivT* oil creditors and. others having
cKims aSlnst tne estate of the said William
rinlSmrr csnpneer-who died on or about the
&t a iv oFUnilu-y,1880, are requiredonor
before t\c first day of September 1899 to send
■ ^AnS^SS^r take notice, that the said ad^
mtnis\ra^
„Knv„ nimed proceed to distribute tne assei>
of    the    estate   of said   deceased   amongst
S\l vnartthlreof so distributed, to any person
oHvSosc claim he has not had notice at the
■ time of such distribution.
.   Dated the 2Uth ^£^^IXjS0^      ,
Solicitors for th*- Administrator ofthe Estate
of William Gilmore Spencer, Deceased.
f!ANADlAN O
^■M^ACIFIG Ky
AND   S00 LINE
TN THE COUNTY COURT OF KOOTENAI.
j. . Holden at Nelson.     ,
Retween"—
W G. Robinson; of Nelson, B.C., Hotelkeeper,
Plaintiff,
and
W T T .Watson and J. P. Kennedy, of Spokane,' Wash,(formerly of Nelson,B.C.), De-
?S ChSnberB, His J lohor Judge Forin, Saturday, the aith day of August, lbU9. ;
Upon the application of tluj Plnintift and
upon reading the allidavit ol P. E. Wilson,
sworn Ihero^ ^ ^.^ up()n p f    ^
ants ol" the summons, plaint and writ of attachment In this action by piiblf^
order, with the notice hereon «»doftud,oncea
week'for five weeks succeeding the 20th day i
August, 1899, in a newspaper P1^1^11^,^,.^;;:
sonT B.C., be deemed good-said sufficient
service of said summons, plaint and writ of
attachment, arid that ^**« ,^e*endanLs clo *. -
pear therelo on or belore the loth day ol Octo-
b¥,2An'd I do further order that the costs of
this applicahon be costs in the cause^  ^
Tinsmithing
Plumbing
AND
JW1.10,
NOTICE.     '
This action is brought to   recover
being the amount' owing by Defendants to
Plaintiff,us follows:    ■      ' v
Three promissory notes, dated_ 22nd. November.  1898/ for  380,00,   8100,00  ™*
and
8100.00, respectively, made by Defendants in Plaintiff's favor and payable
30, (K) and 90 days alter date, .respectively •■
To interest thereon ■'■■••■; : ■ •    on m
To money paid at Defendants' request. •_ JO-^
$301.40
3280.00
,     1.40
Josephine Street
f        __
STARTLERS
Heating
Nelson.
IN 1'KICES OK
Wall Paper
-AT —
Thomson's   Book   Store.
Express and Draying
Having purchased the express and drayin
business of J. W. Cowan, we are Prepared to
do all kinds of work in this line and solicit
the patronage of the people of Nelson..Oideife
lift at D. McArthur & Co's store, northwest
confer Baker and Ward streets, will receive
prompt attention.   Telephoned.
GOMER   DAVIS.
WADDS BROS.,
Photographers
VANCOUVER and NELSON
Near Phair Hotel, Victoria Street Nelson.
NEW FAST
DAILY SERVICE
EAST AND VS/EST.
Optional routes east from
Kootenay Counts.
First-Class sleepers on all trains from
Arrowhead and Kootenay landing
Tuesdays and Saturdays tor Toronto.
elson to Toronto
So hours- Montreal, 89 hours ; New York, 101
hou?l. Winnipeg, 45 hours; Vancouver, 30
hours: "Victoria, 85 hours.     _    '
2-DAILYTRAINS-2
To and from Robson, Rossland.
~„ ■   t xttttwON Arr. lO.oOk
l£Skk£?: ™^ Arr  19.25k
Sandon'fSloean  points and main     line   via
Slocan City.
KOOTENAY  LAKE-KASLO ROUTE.
K\ Sun. Str. Kokanee bx. ■Sun
lOAibk \"v. NELSON An. 11.00k
Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, to Argenta
and return, leaving Kaslo at 20.00k.
KOOTENAY RIVER  ROUTE.
nam- sirs Moyie and Nelson. Daily
''•AokLv NELSON Arr. 2.30k
"Connects Kootenay  Landing with Crows
Nest Line trains. .  _
: 4 hours-NELSON: TO  ROSSLAND-hours 4
FRED. J. S
W HEN you buy
OKELL & MORRIS'
COMHANDING ATTENTION
is .simply a matter of being
well dressed.
Those who wear garments
cut and tailored by us will receive all the attention a, well
dressed man deserves.
Our winter suits of Harris
Homespuns are marvels of
good quality, good style and
good workmaship. The
value is great.
„ _    _ RE   Baker St. Nelson.
,rt Si^ffuitPfesefves
Preserves^
ol   you get what are pure British Columbia
o<   fruit and sugar, and your money is left at
Are absolutely the
PUREST AND BEST.
o{   fruit ana sugar, unu jum »«'uw *•* >*"■» "■-■ ryjR.Jc.oi ^^-^, «■"
For rates   and   full   information   address
nearest local agent, or - .
C E  Beasley, City Passenger Agent.
"      '  R.W. Drew, Agent, Nelson.
W. F. Anderson, E.J. Coyle,
Trav. Pass. Agent, , .;A- G- *• Agent,
Nelson? B.C. Vancouver, B. C.

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