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The Ledge May 29, 1902

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Gen^aT N^Ws FToat
In and About the Slocan" and Neighboring Camps 23
that are Talked About. W*
The force on tho Ottawa has  been increased to eight men
J..K. Clark was in Rossland this
week on law business.
The eighth monthly dividend of 8(5,-
000 was paid on the 20th inst.
George Lendrum says that he will
leave for the Soudan in a short time.
Edison Home Phonograph for sale.
Cheap for cash.   Apply A. E. Roberta.
The Hartney will resume operation
in a short time, and work on the Marion
Dr. Penfield, of Spokane, came in on
Monday, and has gone up Wilson creek
to hunt tears.
Murdock McLean has received the
contract for the building of the school
house in New Denver. ^=
"Put a damper in your neck,'' is the
lateat and most expressive way of tell
ing a man to close Vila valve.
—-Messrs .-Seott-and—Pratt—with'-their
wives came down from Sandon to enjoy
the holiday season by the lake.
Geo. L. Pedlar, Opt. D.. Eye Specialist, is at Nelsou's drug: store for one
month only.   Examination free.
Red Paddy was in town and produced some line samples of g-old rock
from his claim on the Kettle rlvor.
Nat Tucker and M, Maurortook supplies up to the Lily B on Saturday and
commenced further developnent.
Fifteen hundred dollars more will be
expended by the C P. R in railroad
improvements near Now Denver.
Small dealers throughout the country
would llkotoseoa wholesale fruit and
produce establishment in Nelson.
If you want rhubarb fresh and crisp,
green onions, radishes, etc., drop word
to H. Byrne*. Regular service to mines.
Eleven pupils from Silverton, SaiV
don, Three l orks and Nakusp attended
the examination at New Denver tlie
past week.
A leaf from the flush times of the pant
blew into Kaslo last Saturday, and the
localities almost went mad at tlio sight
ef so much money.
The many drowning accidents in
Kootenay indicates a contempt for the
power of water that should not exist in
any intelligent community.
Major Uawden was In Now Denver
Inst weok. Iio ban fust been relieved j
from the army li: India and Is touring
Canada before returning to England.
Life Insurance Is thu capitalization of
love. Get a policy in Tlm Mutual Lift!
of Canada, the belt that monnv can buy.
\Vrito to W.J.Twiss, Kindo," for rates
and parucui*rK.
Rov. Robert* will p-enidi hi* farewell
sermon at Sllvurion Sunday morning
and at New Denver Sunday evening,
Rev. Geo. Cropp will wnened Rev.
ItoWt* in this Holt!
ThtftG are the d«VH when the thoughts
turn towards the drink* that cool, but
do not intoxicate William* I* aware of
the fact and may have some lc* m*ln<«
around tho *tore for all the public know,
Again the report (k current that tin*
Clmpleau,on  Am (lint  norm fork of
every time he passes the Kalispell claim
five bears stand up and look at him as
his team roll? rapidly onward. George
does not know what kino of a lead tlie
bears are working around the Kalispell
as he has always been too busy with
the ribbons when passing that particular
point to get down and investigate the
The total amount of ore shipped from
the Slocan and Slocan City mining
divisions for the year 1901 was, approximately, 80.000 tons. Since January 1
to May 24, 1902, the shipments have
been as follows:
Week    Ton I
Ivanhoe    20
Sunset (Jackson Basin)	
Reco.....  ..
American Boy	
Arlington 100
He<rett    20
Last Chance	
Enterprise   SO
Queen Bess	
Slocan Star...    81
Emily Edith	
Molly iMuson...	
Washlnjjton    SO
Folllott """    *
Total tons  347
and other. Vancouver  Island    mines
have come ovt*r  recently to  work   for
the Company at; Michel, and thc town
is building lip rapidly.   While  a   tun-!
nel was being run from   the lino  of the
line of the tipple near the creek to con-j
nect with No   4 tunnel, a   magnificent j
vein of coal 10 feet  thick   was  discov-:
erud of tho hardest and best lump coal
that has  yet  been   discovered in   this
part of America.   The coal is ideal  do1
niestic fue:.   The new tunnel   is to  be
700 feet in length when completed, and
all the coal from No, 4 tunnel   will   be
bought out through it.   It is expected
that   it   will   bc   completed   by   next
At Coal Creel; a little town has
sprung up near the mines, which are
increasing iu shipping facilities all the
time. Oftheeix veins uncovered for
working, into which eight tunnels have
been run, Nos: 1 and 2 are 18 feet
thick. The mines are turning out 1,000
tons a day from these veins. Fernie is
very lively and a good deal of building
going on."
At Morrisey the Coal Company has
erected buildings sufficient to accomodate about 200 workmen. Considerable
development work has been done in opening up the veins and an immense
lot of coal is ready for shipping, and is
only awaiting the completion of the
Crow's Nest Southern to be shipped.
Quite a town has been built up, waiting for occupancy for the arrival of the
railway, when a large force of men will
be put to work Besides the drifting on
the veins that has been done, ventila-
ing apparatus has been put in, and all
made ready so that when the railway
reaches the mine, providing an output
tneuce immediately.
May 1—Silver, til
Lead, £11 I5s
11 los
•'      11 15»
"     It 12sild
"     il 12*1(1
11 l2H(ill
11 I2sdd
11 llsHd
11 11 slid
11 limiti
11 12slid
11 lamiil
11 lSsUd
II 12-s'id
11 L'oii'd
11 J2M«t
11 1IhH<I
11 llslld
11 lKi.ll
11 11-s'M
11 1-Uh
can  com
Consumption is to be classed as a
communicable rather than a contagious
disease That is the presence of a consumption is not a pi'ril to other pnople if
care be taken to destroy the sputum
and not to inhale the breath ofthe pa
tient. Sir James Grant, of Ottawa,
estimates that the danger circle stops
within three feet of the sick man, even
when he is coughing and talking. Thus
it is easy to get into too much of a
panic over the matter, A conscientious
consumptive may feel that he is not em-
perilling his friends But sick people
are apllto grow neglectful; and few living houses are sufficiently drenched In
fresh air to heal a diseased lung Hence
tho great need of a sanatoria. They
cure the sick, and thoy prevent the
spread of the disease. Public money
could mu be better spent than in Sim-
plying (hem to the extent ,of the public
need.—Montreal Star
With a view to establishing api'ant
at New Denver for the purpose of sup.
plying power and light to the mines nnd
town* of the Slocau the Byron N. White
Co. recently applied for tho right to
take water out of Oarpo'Uor creek .1.
M Harris Is very energetic, aud, although he may not want the earth, he
evidently wants all .the ioote water in
the Slocan, for fie has advernod the
Byron N, White application, -Haiinlng
that he needs Am water for a similar
|nti|K»»i* of Mh own al Three Korku
Harri* 1mm hi* troubles with the White
("iinipnnj. and It may he natural for
him lo <i|t|niM' it iljNilt every jmPKlb'e!
mi-flsion, but Iii- action in lids cam* i*.
WU Its.
Lemon creek I* to remim*  operation-*,] not ttjmulv applauded in
thin tlnu the ttamea nf Taylor & I INhea,* of ih«. Slncaii «li<»rri* I
a firm of N'elaoti lawyer*, being ron-l — -
llMt'-.l w\\h \ht %Uit.i fOtlt   IIK»M<*   IX   '!*
The bawbnll jfitmi'ai K»-«li» nn Saturday wniild have bi»«*n a rei-onl breaker!    Bear* an* fowl nf *««*<**M ihliig**     A
if  the   NeUon  team could   have held' II. Itlwiienauer tml mm  KietMrd, with
their nerve anil not allowed **k nun* toj ■te'*. Mnriin'i,  went  up WtUi»»i ni-i-kn
darken the t>riglttit*i>« of thi'lr work npj w«t»k or two njru, tndo us-'essinunt wmk
t.o tlw jK-'veuUii inieiiiiig. | •»»»* |»r»j.^rtj twdvo fttite* (nun thu hike
I In tll«» ealiitl *X"*n .-mm* irti« I •   • I •■ •
It Iiiid .mired
A   OKOROIA l»OY   ON   SrillNti.
Spring is the most, pleasant season ol
the year Vept Christmuw an Fo'th Jul v.
It is then that ma tells pa to take tiie
stovepipe down an' tho stovepipe
breaks in two or three pieces, and tlie
nut falls on pa's lu-ad, an' runs down his
neck an' pa says dam the stovoplpp,
an'ma stops hen-tars an' savs he will,
never get lo heaven If he ddn't keep
Ids mouth shut In springtime pa takes
me lishin', and savs the best way to
curry bait is in a jug ai the bail might
wiggle out of n can. Aud then he tells
me to lish while he keep* thu Hies off
tne lug, an' it's time to go home, pa
«ayh he te so tired that be with I'd g<>
home an' tell the hired man to fetch a
wheel-barrow for him. An' whi*u be
tfcl* iioim* tells ma that he reckons
lie's hos* of (he lions*; ami tna takes
him by the ear and loadi hint off to bei1
Vex, cpriUKtinii' ii the most pleasant
tiuii' of fhe vear.—Selected.
TilK Ol.)' liAIIKIK'a KAMIf.r.
He wmh ii pood iimiii ed looking old
coluied man, rather *iHt\y aud In need
uf a job. nu when be eatni' nlonjr and
n«kt*d   tin*   wuiun who  lives in the
The English syndicate that bought
the Foley mine two years ago has been
wiped out by chancery sale, and the
mine has paused back to J. W. Foley
and associates for $20,000. Tho machinery cost §18,000, and underground
work that cost 8100,000 has been Aone.
Foley and his associates will reopen the
mine'which has a better possibility than
almost any other gold property in this
part oi the world.
The Golden Star idle for a year, is to
be pumped out and examined by au expert from England. The old company
has been wiped out and the property is
held bv creditors For a year in " its
early days it paid monthly dividends of
1 per cent on a capital of <jl.,000,000.
The Olive mine, on the Seine river, idle
for a long time, is to resume this season
and an attempt will be made to 2nd the
rich scam of ore once cut on the property.
The other half score of mines along
the lower Seine, once active and with
fair prospect, are all idle, and will probably remain so for a time at least.
The Manitou district is active and
many prospectors are there. The reports of promising finds are many. This
district is new. There is no question
but that gold specimens of wonderful
richness are being- found, specimens
that are almost pure metal.
On the upper Seine the only active
mine is the Hammon, owned in part by
important New York financial interests.
All the other one-time active mines and
Erespects are idle. Mackenzie & Mann,
Uilaers of theCanadian'Northern road,
have taken many claims therejandjnay.
opienBomTroftKetfriateF^ Minneapolis
The statement has been made, according to the Montreal Witness, that
wolves are in the increase in Ontario,
Quebec, and the Lower Provinces.
There appear to have been a fresh invasion in Now Brunswick. In Ontario
the bounty fixed by the government is
$15: in Quebec It is $5. The wolf is
incredibly cunninat and he can rarely
be caught The Indian is successful
now and then, but he knows how to
avoid the most cunningly devised trap,
and he continues in considerable numbers in Ontario, in large numbers in
Quebec (particularly In the Gatlneau
region), and in the Lower Provinces
the wolf chased the deer Into the State
of Maine, aud the doer being gone, the
wolf disappeared. But the fleer have
come back and tho wolf has followed.
That is tho secret always of the wolf's
re-appearance—the deer are at hand
The wolf hunts the deer with a cunning which amounts to the acutest
thinking. He sends out ?couts; he
waken false alarms; he draws hte victims into ambush,
A Canadian Pacific railway olHclal
who is well acquainted with the ways of
tho wolf said recently that tho rov-
erninonts need not be afraid to Increase
the bounty on wolves, lor the Amount
spent this way would never be considerable Ve.y few can afford to dovote
the time necessary to kill the wolf The
Indian gets a few now and then, aud
once iu a while the farmer sets * trap.
The ofliclal in question says it Is all
nonsense to suppose that the wolf in
Canada ever attack n man. There have
been rumors to that effect; trace thorn
and they dUMolv* into thin aii. The
wolf is a coward lie will not attack
the deer lu the wood. He will not
truss thu lake utile** there is snow over
the Ice He will not follow tip*, deer
into deep water But he is a pest; he
sla'igbters the deer, and every effoi!
Miiiuld be made to exterminate him
1 Ch^Fs Porey on pontes
iWHis Views as to' the Objects  and Aims of the
92 Provincial Progressive Party.
U'/.eo*\ HiilnittiH it tuM-'ntlilii't wpnde lillln gnt
I den fur a quarter, wlie let hint dn il   Af
,,   ii..- ..,.<'» Hi* inii-.ii.fii, mmm »nut to
•Vim hii* Irmti ilii'*nutli, am'i y«>uT"
Slit*tt«*a -iiiitli. iiut and rn-ti^ni/.ed
the l>i-e
lie replied that he wan, and told hei j
that be Iuul !*t*ni burn a Aiive, >ttnl that |
Suau-je Nioiiuic have come out of old
Nome, but thit la-d one necins tr» heal
thein all. The story is vnlicln'd f*u* by
Kil^ene t'liilbi-itf, nl >.*al|le, who lm-
lieen ppitnineiuH emniecied with the
di'Veinnmeiit ni tl»-i' »n>i*»i>-.-rfv vUy.
"Ibliin*; the   "inter   vmi   know   thai
Sn;i|i' t* i*'l'    "If   (l''i:n    lll«-   A.M Id,'*    lu*
*ni*i, "and if ynii are **n furtuiiatt* «•« tn
die tin-re in lh.* •• tid -i'i-'M) Un I wish |.i
I bi« buried diiwii in thi'   -(.iti'* you   Ii.IVi*
to wail  ns quietly   a*,   ymi   run
i    i* *,  \
IVrrv llb*ktn*'iti,
e iie,,'it),
erupti*»d niiiii l In* itroim
j «t»y# >i »M-ar w*.-seen at lh** -»yrn|p
rwnni a»lmt w;i«
V*  .,,;,.        KV.'ll'      *     '   -
iltirl UttlUl    Him    Hl|n|    Ji-MlJl   the   i'liltlll
li   f,«-1'"
■ pal ib.
In lb«» enbiti wm
'.   A"'   *,Mtt w-A*> Mt Uiv.re la-*l ve*r
,. i.    . 1      ,,    , .tii.i'iu hu nil <<i u, u ^ti^ nil  uihiiiiii'
lj»vv»« t^*n given in bis lavor by  SUA ,]ti,}}ih%, AUy,n ,   ,U1  ih, Xmt «,,.»
Ton unit wa* HiniMiiigliiil Bui. itn>c.!sM'H"   pun
ner»hip-and lAnnequent part kiptl inn ILT.."/^".. i'„,';,' Af",w,V«ir..
Intlhe'op.r.tlnM nf that -UitoeUlo- TXAVkZa
Atftsunf tn (.t)***  Tii'fT»*in->n   r»n»  *i»>.
j;j h mining  iiiniiie*<*, .unl which
Aeoiml by tho defendant. j ,^r mti (n.0 j.,|h, Wl>r<, (.,l»(,IU(„.r,,ll „„
An aggregation of vaudeville |K*rform   ihi: IiIIMiJ*    Tlw mother w** Ami and
er, sty linn thetnuelve* thoN. V, Cli-pp-whlic eubt iaptiin*il, and ibe n<*\i
Novelty Co., gave «n etcellent |*-rforni > were Itrou^bt into town in a *«('...
at»ci> at Brown'* h»H lam ev**nitig I'tof __   " ■—■"—
Baileva   ttnioeA A<i%*t   hmohf*   ihei       vnnwixmwTCOAi.nrrpi r
equilibrul, and Uaiwlon tho  hky<b*t,
wtre anv one ot them worth the prire
id  «dmU*i»i»  For «raw«. **** and 4lt«.:    «-f* A. ln« k,  i».,-Mtnr ni Mho**
patch, Arnold and BaMen a« hom-i«w Kootenay, *>*te* thai  th,. (.ni
n»e,r», hard to bf.»t anywhere
until i
, SH'Uig.    rie*r.*   i^   .-in   uiiileriaW**r   in i
jitfl iM'f-nfe the war that be «,id all the! Nome now. .ilun • w'oo m** .elu-i-   *,...*r*..   -
' -'     *...,,. '.....SXfi. „ #-.»,*.« «.ji|<i{ ctvin/.AUiMi, m«kI li«»l winter be   Umm t
ibfb*n*ii» nwiift*     Tb- •.vi,*.u»n ■• ,i     n, 4 i..vi■i i.w .',;■,*,,'.,■„,;» ,'.», ,„„-.'*..■- «.uuiik \ue ,
leii-Med Ht-ibl'ke.l- j'Mii'tlltiy of trafllc !n -i-i,d    \t,flll    >.nt!)i. ,
"iinw mmiy were there in your faiii-) When *.|iriii.' appi-nti-ln-I the underlak-'
'".' v > \ er de»lie»il In Jilinlia-i* a i !;illll llel   i|h ft !
I h>.'v In* i''j'iiid, *'Me, tin binUiei j iittin iiilintef in   Hie   t.miintr   ■.iiininir.
and three mule* "—N"*i*w   Ynrk   Time
«»\ J I Kill lilllJt   I 11.l.ll-.
W*"'i whiiioir, and tlt«« followinsr dav n -he
.,-IIm*  ifold hell-
iiav«> b«-en alnioit
r.»tt .Vr.iiiii. « it
III   Wl*»l!*l*!|  'Illl Ul  .
denned f.»r si yetr. No* iwiiiie re/ir«-aii 1 wn*. wn'ih anvthlni' a< •eeorilv on hi*
iwttion and con«olitlatioii« ffirittl by ex-} hie    So \nr it* 1 know fhfi U thi* t\xx
\n'l li." !i«*l   t|.«
i-. 1 I'    v mi  i> -it   l*if
b-sinttiiled       Tlie
an 1   linii'l   It, ti
hml out inn-/, except the live  bwiie«
offered llieni, ,ui i Un-y were »tc*i|it
and yet no oimof ihe live ili«*r| men
Die < lulni e.iui.' hlgti.
.. ,'i.v,  :,i in. \ .      Vv lia.
•-i-i-n-rUte*'/' tin* ..ttiiei*
m..i.-n,ii,. r «.(-i .tiniii
In his remarks before the Provincial
Progressive Party organization meeting last week Chris Foley explained the
aims, intentB and purposes of the new
party. While he did not pretend to
speak for the party, he gave his Own
views on tho leading planks, and, being
president of the executive committee,
of the party, his expressions will be accepted as party doctrine Mr. Foley
set out by saying that the party leaders
fully realized the obstacles that they
had to contend with. Many people believed that the Progressive party was
entirely made up of Union laborers
whose purpose was to seek to enact
legislation favorable to them regardless
of the interests of capital and the business men. This, he contended, wasa
false position to take. It is the party's
aim, he said, to abstain from any radical legislation, believing that the maintenance of peace and harmony between
capital and labor would better serve
the interests of all. He believed it was
the duty of the party to get the govern-
ment to enforce the laws in favoi of the
capitalist Looking at the question in
the light that he did, he was unable to
understand how any unprejudiced man
wishing to see good government could
find any reasonable objection to tho
platform of the party.
He^spoke on the land tax plank, and
contended that all men know, or oug-ht
to know, that the gradual abolishment
of all taxes on the producer should be
brought about, and that land monopoly
should be broken up. Ho did not have
to go outside of the Kootenays for object lessons showing the curse of land
monopoly to the province !n East
Kootenay vast stretches of the most
fertile farming land, capable of sup
porting a population of 40,000 to 50,000,
were hold oy one or two men, who did
little or nothing to contribute to the
happiness and prosperity either of
themselves or the general public If n
reasonable tax were levied upon these
millions of acres of Idle land, It would
bo the means of forcing them open to
settlement, and the fertile valleys,
now unproductive, would support a vast
numbers of families in prosperity and
On the questions of government ownership of railroads, telegraphs, etc, Mr
Foley presented no new argument, but
devoted considerable time to showing
how the laborers of Canada and the
business men were being kept down by,
thoC. P. It ,ii> reducini} the wngo scale
and charginar excessive freight rates.
Ho believed if the people, through the
government, contributed to the building
of railroads, by bonuslng them with
cash and land subsidies then tho pen-
pie should own and operate them
As lo the socialistic features of the
platform, Mr. Foley did not attempt to
excuse or qualify. He pointed to tho
public ownership of streets, roads, etc.,
and cunU-iided that il it were to the
Interest of all for these things to be kept
in the hands of the irovermnent, it
would be honelii'la! to all if public ownership were extended to the railroads
and telegraph.
Mr. Foley was opposed to strikes and
J the boycott ns a means of settling dis-
' iititeg between employer and employee
lie believed tlmt  xut-h mailer* should
he nettled by arbitration.   He was sure
that It would be belter far all eh-nscs 'f
all dispute*  afferilng  great  numbers
! were  nettled amit-aliiy  and  without a
fetdillg   nf   liittej-ne*.-     beiiij;   ,linUM«il
When hiborii-gnieii place a plank nf
this kind iu their platform lie thought
it -imiii-il liirtt th<*> are lining their part
in hrin-jf about  and inaintntn (iime/ible
reUtl<m«hlp   between   I lii-mselvi
Hit tin* ipie-iimi*. '*l oriental itiini<j;ra
thin, Uiiliiail   ->«lfft i^e,   (ice   l|,in«|iin t.»
!ju|l In liiemh<.-t*» nt the li'iiiiUutte,   and1
tin* Trink   Ait,   Mi.  Fulev  i.re»..iii.-.i
.-..,«*-.i..« <<" »>ot* In»« -t'l-i-li HM't'liIe,! lit' an
<.:irii..» in V.   v      V   ' :.,„;,*,    ,',;,'., ,
be ni*i*n«eil tin* ' |"W'» N'--t < «>:i! I*.- i!
i-Vinie, ot open violation of the Ij»w. in
Vi,.>r'.,»",*(i.^'n; »'.','nji.«i.y Mote-. .,o.| nitti
peliiti,; i-uiplnyei■« in liny tlietelri.ni>
III miiutiiiii^ u\i. lite -»*...'p«l "r   -viol fl-»-
, *, .,,„ ,  ,,..i -i   n-e   I hi'    ii'llli.t  |u ,il
coiii|thi>ti l»■.« eiip|».    All  I'lii-in* *li<nii(l
i-tiit". into   jmiili. »; 'ii-en--   polilnal i*
$Ui*4 ill and fell ol lie* Ind/e rooiii.      He
!   WOllbl lint if In   colli.I    [.lit    (lie   tfoVertl
I tlletil Ml till* li«ml-   ot   l.lliol Uigliieli:   lit*
I believed tliere wa* in> tnu,'i i/Horamn
has secured 50,000 acres ot Crow's NeBt
Pass coal land for the country
These coal lands may be roughly do-
vided into the 50,000 acres which* are
now vested in the country and the 800,-
000 which were grabbed by private
All these coal lands belong to British
Columbia British Columbia put ita
coal fields under option to the British
Columbia Southern Railway Company,
afterwards known as the Crow'ii Nest
Pass Brigadiers.
British Columbia offered these lands,
subject to a royalty of five cents per ton
on the eoal mined therein, as the price
of a railway. The Crow's Nest Pass
Brigadiers undertook to build the railway and earn the Coal lands. The
Globe-Sifton variety of statesmanship
induced the,Liberal party to force Canada into a position of building tbe railway and earning the coal lands for politicians who never built anything.
If it be a triumph of statesmanship
for Hon. Clifford Sifton to secure 50,000
acrea of coal land for_Canada_whoge„
inoney*built~the~fanway, how- much
greater is the statesmanship of tbe
Crow's Nest Pass people who secured
800,000 acres of coal land without doing
The greater the value of the fraction
of coal land which comes to the country
the greater the atrocity of the deal
which gave six-tenths of the coal areas
to political favourites. Canada paid
the price which British Columbia demanded for tho whole property, one-
seventh of which comes to the counUy
and six-seventh goos to people who
never paid anything.—Toronto Telegram.	
Tho California, near Republic, will
shortly begin shipping oro to tho Granby smelter.
Shipments are expected to be re-
Hiiined from the No. 7 mine, to the
Greenwood smelter, after the first of
the month,
A large force of men continues at
work completing the changes at tho
Sunset smelter.
The Butcher Boy, one of the best
known properties up the West Fork, is
being examined by eastern capitalists,
with a view to purchasing. It (adjoins
the Onrmi.
Assay returns from average samples
weighing adout half a dozen pounils of
the new strike of ore recently made In
the west drifC on the ttoo-ft level of tho
No. 7 nine, lu Centinl camp, show values in gold nearly fl, »llv*er 80 om and
copper 1 'Ml per cent, or about fiB.tMO
in all.
A. A Munroe and ansoclatc.s, of the
Monlreal-HoMou Copper U , owning the
Sunset mine and amelter, have seeured
a nine mouth * working bond on tho
Hlverside claim, Up the West Fork,
near Rock ereek. The property Is laid
to have over I,5<W tons of ore "blocked
out, and two ears shipped have netted
HU and 111 per ton, respectively —
Photiix Pioneer.
AiToMiug to the nflleiul rejiurt uf the
Ottawa, Kansas, drugglnta foi March It
took s» gallon* whHky, HH miHnus of
.iitiiliol ;ii ualloiih of wine, 11 gallon* of
gin, '£'< gallons nf brandy, I gallon* of
liter, :t tffilliin*. nl ale ami I jr,*dl.u>» „;
matt In cure tbe ill* of that di*tre««f>,i
t ofiiintttiitv. Ihe inpior wn* wanted for
ni,,j ( « multitude of di»ea«f*, ranging from
' Ingrowing toenail* to appendieiti*.
One lmne-l fellow -igrieil <i[, titi.f•• t- the
"Mechanical clau-e of iheeou-lirutlon.
lie »tthl he ttei'du'd (-'Ut* gall-.r-.« inech-'lll-
icilly-be wan tfolng t i luve   a   "le.ro
\ itt'nr, vrurm in;
in »i-
'.'.'lilt! I
ei  lo jiie-.-i vf tn.
Forth bridge in  ■
of    th
I   •-...
n-very third >e.ji, and it
» - Ui<-e i hat il i,il.<!iii
wotknieii eniplov >•!,   aWani
111 * Utll'ter. t i i' iV.-i    the fnt
i" fi'j>i:iitt-i
•tructurti in
>e,ir, f„|   ti|H
thirty live
i nig.
I mmnotf ffiem; bitf fie li*.fu.\ ...|   hv   ,.,[n
•iv.-.vnv..'   ic&viuA.ifiien.   «,„*,    iii judged; iiuUncooUuch iw-riiiile*. I*in* f»fierodl i'*,i,J«' lliV'"**i'l«;! H««*"Ugiiih«M» ('»wn»ui"»n!ii,«-K
j mining, hav. Int'ii wimpleWMl and th-alamUro-pt-M.   U Mantled eve* Nf.me,' u"'v *'nM raptdlv bitter ibeir <o»H. 3"'*" "    -
nremmt -ii.'Moi'-r will  .,i:i.:   uiudi   Movk '<■ wMih i* tint »t««ejl «.***ttv. Then Nom«*
dotifboth in tbe older UtCMlum* hoA in nxnvereA    IU    **o**e et  hiitoor  and
.,,„.,.        .    v     ..      .   v     ,n*»"*W?.   Th« rompletion of th#- V*   laughed Ktnt\ihit.gr*m* ml al! right
i»loin» V,4n-lry  M   the * mu■ *. N»4t4n«dUii Nortftw*  iAAw*%   make*  the with aprlng, m on one *** llw womel
,     „ Im« w  inaWtii*   »*|.»d   progre-i.   At \ field accenaihle and preliminary op«ni 'off, not even thi* di***! men I
rtnirii are thick in th* Slocan      lt«i,  Midtel. tin.4 Cuui-^uuv i* taking'int  «#»»»tion* that in the pa*t few vrar» would _ __ '
Crawford, who I* driving a  *tring of toii»nfc«al«<Uy-*-»r){t«*iUii)irM*f*»-jli'<v»lt* AAiewttit t^wmtiA* tA t\on*n* v*o  n»»     (Shrttitw *n*\ m*w\*ttie* w\\\\n* for
aixe*on the Ten Mile. ro*4, **>*# itat{or«n«.   Many    miner* from   Nanaimo Wtfono toe ** trntnr him-fri^f*. . .vU* a* WUI*>*mV**«.h*> \in* wt-^k
*o that, IwitiiT * oiit|i«Ue,t », „,»,,.(, a, nj,,.v
> U*vt* reached the end to begin the «»i»-
I (Hutife end, thev .ire ronfifnii'fc r ((,,t-_(t
1 lie bridge conuin- .Vi.-m t,»n*, ,tf m *'.
fe,-t in ten,Mb
now iu i.wt«»* vol b inwx.
Th«fJW* «ift-p*'i.il have viir p-u
Aentaritlthnilfr.il  f'fiff npf Ktft-.u i
"dretfft- siiur! iii4n,'   iii«Miiueb »«
Jit- no-
Kr#f.*ennt any iininifacturinglenter.
vnwi away for your tnerrhandi-t-e.
. Aluioi..--.if.e ..ui.-r f.,iper in nref-
■frene* to >oar home fitter. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B. (J., MAY 29, 1902.
Ninth Yeas
Thi Lkdok 13 two dollars a year In advance When not bo paid it is -$2.50 to parties worthy of credit. Legal advertising 10 cents a
nonpariel line first insertion, and 6 cents a line each subsequent insertion. Beading notices 25 cents a line, and commercial advertising
graded in prices according to circumstances.
FELLOW PILGRIMS: Thk Ledge Is located at New Denver. B. C, and can be traced to many parts of tho earth. It comes to the front
every Thursday and has never been raided by the sheriff, snowslided by cheap silver, or subdued by the fear of man. It works for the trail
blazer as well as the bay-windowed and champagne-flavored capitalist. It aims to be on the right side of everything and believes that hell
should be administered to the wicked in large doses. It has stood the test of time, and an ever-increasing paystreak is proof that It is
better to tell the truth, even If tho heavens do occasionally hit our smokestack. A chute of lob work is worked occasionally for the benefit
of humanity and the financier. Come in and Bee us, but do not pat the bull dog on the cranium, or chase the black cow from our water
barr©*: one is savage and the other a victim of thirst. One of the noblest works of creation is the man who always pays the printer; he is
sure of a bunk in paradise, with thornless roses for a pillow by night, and nothing but gold to look at by day.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.
The Ledge.
A pencil cross in tins .square
indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor
wishes once again to look at
roar collateral.
THURSDAY,  MAY 29,  1902.
You might as well pray for wings
as a pair of wooden legs.
The zinc in the Slocan seems to
be more in the way than anything
else. *
Sherman said that war was hell,
but he probably never went three
days without tobacco.
The newspaper formation in the
Slocan is very hard and -carries
small traces of a bank account.
A Boston paper calls Bret Harte
the American Kipling. It is not
so.   Kipling is the English Harte.
You can only live four minutes
without air. Take plenty of it.
When pure, you can never get too
"I hear three voices calling,"
says an eastern poet. He was probably all up and listening to the
voices in a showdown.
By this evening the volcano of
public opinion will have covered
oue of the political parties in Ontario with the ashes of defeat.
The sunsets on the Slocan lake
next month are worth running
thousands of miles to see, although
visitors cannot tnke any away with
The rumbling in the Slocan does
not conic from a restless volcano.
It is just Chris Foley trying to
make a St. Pierre out of the other
McPliillips stood pat against the
gold cure in Victoria. It is a
pleasure to know that there is still
a trace of manhood in our Legislature. 	
Money, or something else, has
held the B. ('. Legislature together,
nml the country still has the same
old piuik upon its torn mid bleeding
Men who drink too much whiskey should never hold a jndgnhip
in any country. In its time British
Columbia has had too many lushcm
silting autocratically upon the raise
above the jurors.
I'ji to il.tlc Andrew Carnegie Iiiih
given *r,7.oo0,000 to public libraries. If Ite would give a like amount
to the proas the world would mooii
bci'ditcated. Komeliody should put
Andrew next to tin- fact that■ the
pre** needs money.
Except in a few of the high
places the Hloenit bus got it* niiiii-
mt-r rJi.iiii-Miii, and decked in gn-eu
it nwaii- the coming of the tourist
wilh hi* ling of gold, or the turning
man who voree lirih* tor iwenery
utile?** U> !>eiiutif»l fan* cover* v.at-4
miiti-ml wealth.
try permits thousands of young
lives to be crushed making cotton
in order that bloated capital may
have silk. Churches are as thick
as flies around a pound of spilled
sugar, in the cotton towns, and the
little slaves are told that Jesus
loves them. When the greed to
get rich is so strong in wealthy people that they "will fatten on the
blood and crushed spirits of little
children it is high time that some
mighty force swept the whole bunch
of vampires into oblivion and liberated the youthful slaves. A
master mind is needed to free the
southern states from the curse of
The Okanagan couutry in B. C.
is becoming the California of Canada. At a new town called Sum-
merland a $100,000 hotel is to be
built, and 4000 acres of land planted
with peach and other fruit trees.
Nothing to prevent fruit growing
in the Slocan, except the apathy of
the people, who sit still and whine
because silver does not rise high
enough to flood the district with
easy hion6y.
Oik* nl' tlii* *-Hi!iU*t<t Mght* iu the
Woean im to «■♦• » lM*rd of row* look
over our new tetiee at the tall pmw*
hioiimi ihe water imrre*t, nntl then
wander down utrwt  with tears in
ilieit eye*,,    tit'lktllg   In   I'Oeh   other
aliout how near and  yet  how  far
if.fipf. 4. u i.fl   Tliifi.i..   ,,ri.
Th<* <*mum mill-*' of Smith -faro-
Una. owned by N'ew Kiighiid rap-
ital, are fdi.-d with white «Uv.-.
The A'.ivvi* are children who work
Mich Inner hour** and at tnwh o fro-*-
tliat their livmihiHiAAVeiHge tnotv
than f'i'ir vnr* )»•> li*nirt)i Jtfl.-i t),ev
t'OtlltlieilVl'     llO/k     ill     ihl'MI'    lltlite.
Tlie -Tni'ted >t*t#*> Hj**et»t -Milton*** U*
tree the tit-gr*» let   thai1 gtttit itniti-
AF/>\u      Almost anything
iCW      at    a    distance
_»f I A^f; p.« cjQokB_b£tterJbaa.
ciicw.LIUii5what   we  have
around home, and that iB one reason why people send far away for
goods, especially if the prices are
seemingly cheaper. The world is
selfish and looks out for itself in its
own peculiar way. Great departmental stores in the east could not
flood the west with cheap goods if
white slaves would not work for
them.   But who is to blame?
Wc are asked to take up the pen
and fight against the departmental
store in favor of the home merchant
for nothing but glory. Glory is
fine stuff-, but we cannot trade it
for type. Cast your eye through
the columns of this paper and
notice how many of the merchants
of Slocan and this great western
country nre telling the people what
they have to sell. When you consider that Jin: Lkduk has' the largest circulation in tho inti.rior of
British Columbia, and that it is
quoted probably more thnn any
oilier Canadian" paper, you will
naturally tliink that the business
men within the reach of its doors
are dead to modern methods, or so
far in the financial hole that their
souls nre barren to hope, and they
can only fish for dimes while the
big stores elsewhere have wagons
carrying their gold to the banks.
Running a newspaper is a glorious busiiiesM. Fight the batt-les of
tht- duuiitiiAlili ii uuikiiigiiH.il and
half of them will reward you bv
blowing a dollar in a saloon in order to read your (taper for nothing.
Fight the tattle* of a country in
showing up its resource* iu order
that merchant* and other* can live
in it, and a few generous souls will
stay by your sheet until the sheriff
turn* llu* key. while the majority
will shove you ice when you a*k
for an ad, hug thc dollar "to their
*elli*h wnil* and iiuagiiieth.il tliey
nre awfully clever.
I he lilierai advertiwr is pro-
gre.w«i\'e and create* l»u-iu**>~, while
the nickle fellow* *it around whining almut luud time* und growling
liecausc the mail tags are groaning
with the weight of   letters, enttvitig
»,,,**,.*.,,•• ♦ ,S ll-lflOI-ll P."* .   ■•»--*. I' t     ti-   I:
dn*i«>- \\\'** ;\\u\ \u\u\i\i,i.^ tnnn. \«.bo
do not «hont long nnd lofid to the
world through a bugle of printer'*
ink might ie* well etmh in and dmp
into total Hileuee,    By  hanging on
i .      . - i
*. p.,'. _i    .'I. i,    ... .*.*.;■      '■*'.-. ;i4\i *.-.'.fi,     '.Win.     ' * ■», ,,
ore available is almost illimitable.
This property is the largest producer of copper in all the world,
the second largest in silver, and
turns out more gold than any except the largest gold mines. The
gross receipts for 1900 and 1901
exceeded $18,000,000, annually.
The new reduction plant the largest in the world, handles 5,000
tons daily. It is estimated that the
tailings of this great property's
treating plant contain $10,000,000
in values.
&nzi\ anrl The tale of the
V^Odl dnU  Crow's   Nest  coal
*n^?lth     fields has changed.
L/caui    In the past ithai.
been rosy with the gleams of millions for a pampered few and a
flood of watered stock, but now the
wires are not hot with the chapter
that always comes where men dig
in the black in order that barons
may fill their sack from the rock
that burns.
A puff of gas and a hundred men
are dead.
The world grows callous these
days with the news of the dead.
The other day the wire came of a
great coal strike, then a flash told
us that down in Tennessee in the
a epttfs~oiia^Mi~mih^~ffioi^tlian~a"
hundred men in an instant had
crossed the great divide. Still,
when scenes of disaster and suffering are far away we heed very
lightly, but when a great calamity
happens close to our doors it
touches the hearts of those who
feel, and our sympathies go out to
those who have lost loved ones in
the horror at Fernie. Sympathy,
not for the dead, but for those left
behind. For the children bereft of
a loving father, and the women
bowed in the deep anguish that
tortures the soul when the cruel
hand of death reaches into a miner's
home and hangs the black pall of
sorrow o'er a widow's heart, while
her children cry for the form that
never returns.
A puff of gas, ami one hundred
men are dead.
A request has come from Fernie
for the editor of this paper to take
subscriptions and forward them to
the sufferers at Fernie. We cannot restore the dead, hut we can
render some aid to those who have
lost their bread-winner- in the
greatest calamity that has ever occurred to thc miners of British
Columbia. So, even if we have
troubles of our own, let us all dig
up something and help to lighten
the load of the many widow* nnd
orphans of Fernie.
%%%%%*%%* *%*%% wj
Commercial supremacy is the one,,
aim of all; .  • .     *
The amassing of millions is the
motive behind the throne.
Every day examples of the growing degeneracy are presented, and
one wonders at the apparent apathy
of the government to take a hand
in stopping the awful crimes that
are perpetrated in the name of
Perhaps the most flagrant abuse
of freedom is the common practice
in the southern states of burning
negroes to the stake.
These crimes have become so
revolting that one is led to question
what kind of things in human form
populate those states.
Down in Texas last week a negro,
accused of assaulting a married
woman, was burned before a crowd
of 3000 men and women.
He was chained to a stake;
Railroad ties were drawn from a
fire and held before his eyes until
they were burned out of their
Then the burning timbers were
applied to portions of his body and
the poor creature burned to the
In answer to his appeals to be
shot the crowd yelled in fiendish
delight and called for slower death
and more hellish torture.
When his head finally dropped
to his breast and there was no evidence that further torture produced
aity pain;
The body was piled over with
ties and the "injured" husband
applied the match that burned the
negro to ashes.
Seated in a carriage that was
driven conveniently close to the
execution stake, was the woman
whose "purity" had been punctured by the black man.
And thus is "justice" meted out
in "the land of the free, the home
of the brave."
And the federal government
looks on and says nothing.
i' I>bq glad that I'm not a negro—
Down South.
And I wouldn't like to be attached to one of those Texas people,
I'm constrained to believe that
the atmosphere of a bulldog's kennel is purer than the home of that
kind of southern women.
If your gardens are all planted it
is time to get your
In shape.     All tlie latest things in
the Tackle line at
NelSOn'S Drug & Book Store
New Deiivi'i-. II. <*
V. O   HOX 70.
Anaconda te reputed the large*!
etipjier mine of Iio* world. Whnt
ix known ie* the Ananotida ptoj>e!ly
now. eomiittet"* t«rt gmtf mini-?., all
• -oltiien'tft) uti<li-rgroiiii(i. \ alie-
*.i*ri*rii) tln-ei' u hh AenAt ,v/» *."/.?.,
A Ul    !»     i>4l     I't'llt     -ivipj-VI-.        V\ lull-
va!tu'*»  have imetea-imii.    the    *iejs>*
have \u-iferic-il unit! fhe tjo.nriftt) of
As a nation the Tinted States
would like to be known iik a christian (temple.
Af a p-cople thev are not heathen,
and an a nation they wear a thick
venwr of Christianity;
Hut   if  ChriM   wo*   the  model
of what ft christian should he, then
they arc not at heart  a ehrMbm
; That government te founded tip-
ion the great truth that all men nre
|ln>ni equal;
j The negro is tit- much a white
|man in the eye* ot ihe law a* the
.    Thi" te (he ehri'-li.no wn\ ut )o«*k-
[ ivf wt it.
I    fhit the trui.-iii hue gtown uh*o-
'h'te. -except hhii e;iinpaigu lloiin-4).
Intuit, the tilinU- t ota-lilutioii
te hmAietl tlp-ott a- » MtsltliK nt«l
d.* iiiiii-nt. g-txMl enough perhaps for
lie founder* of the lepuhiie, Imt
clearly out of date for the Morgan-
i«*»d monarchy that ha*- «prung tip.
>o lieeplv  etigro-iwfd   in the «or-
^ yy.f ,,} f>-,."jw,d tiint,,rr\*'t- nr> ti-r-y.
. liny tin uoi *■*-,■ tluil   ti,     iiilmii j
Wl' U'ltllt III lllli.' tHIMUl.lillt   UHII .Hill Wnllllll
I... . I i I ,  \,n .„..). ,i. ..',    I . I..,.,,,.. .   ..  n.ii.«,u,.
ii iii-w ill.iiivcr.i «inl ki'iji nut' »li..« i-iiriln nml
niliiMti-tuu  innticr t-ulu-l  i,,p it, «-.ti-i<Uti.ru-
. (I'lici- llii..iiv..i.||i I pi' Kiwn Hu! < i mlrv      <1<- -nlj
I vmiilfiyiwut yesr r.Mi'iil*. ..«.iiuii|n.| „", .,r b.iI.uv.
p ttii.l |ii'i-iiiuiitti  nml   |.«|„ „.,-., ,,,,t |,, „>*
(i-'il *.',Vi |nr iliv.    Willi- f.-r ii.irsii ul ir«
INTKltXATl'lXAl, Mr.lHilM.ru..
l'.l-li.fltn   II..k XI!. i. .Hll..||...   l
iipt!ii!'«  nii.l   i-.-luftl.,-  niWi....... „t   Fl.l-.lKV
KARMKIIs wlm li->*-ۥ Inti   l.H'li-m ..r uli.ilii.it
H-i f .1 .sii'Mi' i*ri,i.i.i( i(ll(i ». uiii   ..ii
HU 1  I'l ).Hlr .«ttlll.»   ,H*.|J.',     .1    .1,1* S|..|lt*,.t |»i«-
i.r'#l Nnrili't. .!, !>•.»' ifuliiu I-. i-i-.*- VVifl'..
|il.iliilv.,iinl..<|ilu*>« ll* ll . stll'l O i.ill illIKu
Co A.M Uii**r.A\ ,**
"The man who makes a fortune on
the board of trade, or in the stock exchange, or in building up a gigantic
business, adds not one cent to the
world's state of available wealth," says
Secretary Mahon of the miner's con
"The world in other woras is no rich-
ei because he is richer He is richer,
rather because some one else is poorer
On the other hand the miner, whether
he digs out $10 or $100,000 adds that
much to the world's wealth, and with
this added wealth contribute just that
amount of the world's comfort and happiness. The miner is the king wealth
producer of the nation.
"Kew explorers have endowed a nation with a richer dowor than the prospector; he it was who gave California,
Colorado, Montano. Idaho and tho grreat
west to civilization. But for tho prospector and the products of this diacov
eries thore would be no great w st today. The frontier would bo resting!on
tho Missouri river.
"It is claimed that the agricultural
products of tho country exceeds that of
its mineral. Tho mining industry can
well afford to acquiesce in this claim,
since permanent and substantial gain
belongs to our mineral product.
"Fer example at the end of each and
every year the agricultural product is
consumed, even in its production, part
of the previous supply being destroyed
as seed. This is not n feature in mining; on the contrary, the mining* industry is constantly adding to the permanent stock of tho wealth of the. world.
"Much of our precious metals are by
nature* in forms that bear no resemb"-'
lance to the brilliancy of the inolton
metal. Sometimes it is concealed in a
thousand time its weight of worthless
rock; but the ingenuity of man extracts
it in perfect purity,' ready for the various uses of human life,'and there is
nothing relieves business depression,
the   bonds of  industry  and  labor as
quickly and as certainly as increased
supply of the coinage metals of the
"Erom 1892 until 1898, gold, silver
and copper mining were about the only
industries that paid dividends, and in
fostering and advancing ^he mining industry, which is the aim and purpose
ofthe International Mining congress,
holding its fifth annual session in Butte,
September 1, 2, 8, 4 and 5 1902. We
give practical recognition to the great
solid and .lasting rock upon which rests
the success of all our oiher industries."
—Butte Inter-Mountain,
Will buy six back numbers,
each one different, of	
Sent to any address in the
world, postage free.     Send
all letters to.
R. T. Lower}'
New Denver, B. C.
Travellers, Mining Men and others cnu have
their work done ACCURATELY at the—
Our Naptha
be on the Lake for
the use of
our guests
rt""""'Pa'^wXu  nu i m., newoenver       itj
11 :
J£ And tho traveling public generally
will lind I'verythinu: for the inner man
that will pur a nliine of health ami
gladness  on the outer man at  the
Tourists    K
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«w%k%w.%k%N  mm
St. James Hotel
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K-ii-kJh d-cgei'H-rslhii.' »M«» li*-»!hon-»
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HiidivithHl piijIitM   :    :   iiUU^i.OI
H»Ml    i»»t II I       i-rtHNTm  \1
Uv  it'-i*. i*i-Kf* MusiHtuw *im\ Mvlxi Mot au HA7MM. lYfAt-df-nt.
M«.N. ti, A. VtRWHoSli, VlCr IV-t-s'iAt Iii.
K. S, t'tjivums, <Jener»l SltaMger,
ib-.ine.be* «i oil inn* ei t'tiOAAn, SewfrmoAlntvl, titrent Hriliiln. and
'e.i* V.ii'i'A St.all'^
New Denver branch
1 V H DF VrnrV. Mnnnv.tr
V Ninth Year.
THE LEDUE, NEW DENVEK, B. (J., MAY 29. 1902.
UJhilc Slavery Down South
Next to Massachusetts, South
Carolina manufactures more cotton
cloth than any other state in the
Union. The cotton mills of South
Carolina are mostly owned and operated by New England capital.
In mamy instances the machinery of the cotton mills has been
moved entire from Massachusetts
to South Carolina. The move was
made for the ostensible purpose of
being near the raw product; but
the actual reason is that in South
Carolina there is no law regulating child-labor of so terrible a type that African slavery was
a paradise compared with it.
Many of the black slaves lived to
a good old age, and they got a a good
hearty enjoyment from life.
The infant factory slaves of
South Carolina can never develop
into men and women. There are
no mortality statistic; the mill
owners bailie all attempts of the
outside public to get at the facts,
but my opinion is, that in many
mills death sets the little prisoners
free inside of four years. Beyond
that he cannot hope to live, and
this opinion is derived from careful
observation, and interviews with
several skilled and experienced
physicians who practice in the vicinity of the mills.
Boys and girls from the age of
six and upwards are employed.
They usually work from six o'clock
in the morniug until seven at
night,5 For four months of the
year, they go to work before daylight and they work until after
At noon I saw them squat on
the iloor and devour their food,
which consisted mostly of corn-
bread and bacon. These weazened
pigmies munched in silence, and
then toppled over in sleep on the
floor in all the abandon of babyhood. Very few wore shoes and
stockings; dozens of little girls of,
say, seven years of age wore only
one garment, a linsey-woolsey
dress. When it came time to go
to work again the foreman marched
through the groups, shaking the
sleepers, shouting in their ears,
lifting them to their feet and in a
few instances kicking the delinquents into wakefulness.
_- TOT~ion^afi»rnoon~ha«"b*^un=r
from a quarter to one until siven
o'clock they worked without respite or rest.
These toddlers, I saw, for the
most part did but one thing—they
watched the flying spindles on a
frame twenty feet long, and tied
the broken threads. They could
not sit at their tasks; back and forward they paced, watching with
inanimate, dull look, the flying
spindles. The roar of the machinery drowned every other sound—
back and forth paced the baby
toilers in their bare feet, and
niende.l the broken threads. Two,
three or four threads would break
before they could patrol the
twenty feet—threads were always
The noise and the constant looking ut the flying wheels reduce
nervous sensation in a few mon ths
to the minimum. The child does
not think, he ceases to suffer—
memory te sis dead as hope: no
more does he long for the green
Acids, the running streams, the
freedom of the woods' and the companionship of all the wild, free
things that run, climb, fly, swim,
or burrow.
lie does his work like an automaton); he is a part of the roaring
machinery: memory is seared,
physical vitality is at such a low ebb
tlmt In* ivaw* to sillier. Nature
puts iv short limit on torture liy
wilding iiiMt'iihiliility. If you suffer,
iliiuik Uodl—it is » sure sign
that you ore alive.
At a certain night sclinoi where
several good women were putting
forth efforts to mitigate the conditions of these baby slave*, one of
the teachers told tne they did not
try to teach the children to read—-j honor te at stake,
they "Imply put forth an effort to ' "
arouse the spirit through picture*
and telling stories.    In  this school
I wav tin* «Jid Mpeet'irle nf hnlf llie
elittM, of .1 hiilf dozen or niotv. mink
into a. slwp that more r«»*euibieil
ti HtujHir. The teacher wan a line,
competent woman but worn-out
nature was too uiiieh for her—to
tendi you mu*t make your apical*
Ut 11 If.
"■' *  *.,      I I-   '1  ,
The reason that thought flags
and stupor takes possession of the
child who works at one task for
eleven hours a day, is through .the
fact that he does not express himself. We grow through expression,
and expression, which is exereise,
is necessary to life. The child in
the mill never talks to any one—
even if the rules did not forbid it,
the roar of the machinery would
make it impossible. All orders are
carried out in pantomime, emphasized by pokes, punches, pinches,
and kicks. This wee slave loses
all relationship with his fellows and
the world about bim.
I thought to lift one of the little
toilers to ascertain his weight.
Straightway through his thirty-five
pounds of skin and bones there ran
a tremor of fear, and he struggled
forward to tie a broken thread. I
attracted his attention by a touch,
and offered him a silver dime. He
looked at me dumbly, from a face
thet might have belonged to a man
of sixty, so furrowed, tightly
drawn and full of pain it was. He
did not reach for the money— he
did not know what it was. I
tried to stroke his head and caress
his cheek. My smile of frendship
meant nothing to him—he shrank
from my touch, as though he expected punishment. A caress was
unknown to him. sympathy
had never been his portion, and
the love of a mother who only a
short time before held him in her
arms, had all been forgotten in the
whir of wheels and the awful si-
lience of a din that knows no respite.
There were dozens of such children in that particular mill. A physician who was with me said they
would all be dead, probably in two
years, and their places filled with
others—there were plenty more of
them. Their systems are ripe for
disease, and when it comes there is
no rebound—-no response. Medicine simply does not act—nature is
whipped, beaten, discouraged, and
the child sinks into a stupor, and
then dies. c
There are now only five states,
I believe, that has no law restricting the employment of children.
Child-labor exists in Georgia and
Aiabam»7"to~»n~extient~*nearl}1 as
grevious as it does in South Carolina, but in each of these states
there are bands of brave men and
excellent women who are waging
war to stop the slaughter of the innocents; andthese men and women
have so forced the issue that the
mill owners are giving away before
them and offering compromise. But
South Carolina lags behind and the
brave workers for liberty there
seem a hopeless minority.
For these things let Massachusetts-answer. •
South Carolina weaves cotton
that Massachusetts may wear silk.
South Carolina cannot abolish
child-labor because the mill
owners, who live in New England, oppose it. They have invest,
ed their millions in South Carolina,
with the tacit understanding with
Legislature   and   Governor   that
I **i*t,mm»W9WM.:i*^.~».^. ■ -.— -.|t
there shall be no state inspection of j jhey u.lt' ,l°t Huflieiently intelligent,
the mills, nor interference in any 'Hie visitor can get work for all the
way with their management of eni*. women and children wilh (his nice
ployees. Each succeeding election mjm- There will be no work for
the candidates for the Legislature j tl>« »»«" of tho house, but he can
secretly make promises that they j 8«t- «><W jobs in the town. This
will not pass a law forbiding child-
labor. They cannot hope for election otherwise—the capitalist combine with the "crackers," and any
inaii who favors vet fiction of child-
labor is marked. i
Thc cracker, the capitalist, aud j
the preacher live on ehild-lnlior, i
and the person who liftn his voice j
in behalf of the children te de- j
nounced as a sickly sentimentalist, i
endeavoring to dis-courugc the best j
interest of the State. The cracker i
does not wiwm tltii* for—with him \
it is a question of "rights, sah," j
and he is the head of his family<
and vou   must not   meddle,—hi-*:
So at every election he jealously
guards'-1 hi« right**—he hits nothing
el so t« do- -he has lost everything;
eW'liul "honor." If women could
vote in South Carolina they would
wipe ehild-laUtr out with a
sweep, hut alas! a woman iu South
■Carolina does not -even own her
own body. South Carolina te flic
only Mate in the 1'nion that ha* no
W. liltlSIMCTT, „.,,,
lull   li Mi ill
■Vu'i'iil f.i C i
ill lliu IviiliM"'!
mviMiN, ii, <•
. ^ :'.t.u
i niiiii *. i
lit* ill* 11   tttii,
i\ ...   .   '    ,,.
mii, i,, «.hju.\,
III     'X/MMt
... iV
4 l»IWIJl.rt
Hxiiii'iiii     i,!•'».,■
them t here m* they -could tae taught* lied tu a -rogue* huh   hint   Un   life,
li> r-fwl, Iwttl 1 wn** to-hl hy o/Vtt win*'awl he ha*-** ly-cr. Th-iv**tn4'iM.-HJ<vi-' m*
wiy, suvcu
who  bad
knew, that no child of,
or -fight veorn of age
workt'A in the iiuii n year, could
ever learn to read. He te AettH'-
the from that time on. A year in
tin mill*, and he lose* the capacity
to play, iiiid the child that cannot
play. < an not leain.
\\v learn in moment* oi joy;
pl.iv i* *ibttnti«m; pIeAMir.ib1e nm-
lo-Jitioii i* iii'<-i-*-..»..i!\ togru-ath; hi id
when you Ii.ivp robbed nuliltd of its*
|iiA\>|<4*'Ji. mui have mhteil it oi ii*
their getting  »ip;ut.   The fetter.*
tt it geA in Soulii I'.ir.tliii.'i inter
ureal* (.in ?*n.l'li I wro-iimi -, a ml iin-
key te Io«*t
I wiy the**'thing* with no prejudice against the people nf South
Carolina as» whole, for fume of
the brave*!, gentlest. «aue*t, iuo*t
instil and iiiu-i in.-j.ititi.H- ineiju* 1
have in the world live thetv. I
nviln- the mention In'-rrly ■»•■« m»1-
tir of fuel to fhow that the lu:«j-»r.
ity ul llu* jwoplc in Siutii < '.lenAufi
luvve a long wav to n.tv*-! .uul ,uv
IMl- fcX(,HANM«. MIMM.
I* new. inil llie (irn|i*n-l<ii* ine
inil      They Imve  Ih-i-h  l»*i«.i.•
An* (tU>i!i<','/iinl  hi-liiinl  Oin L.u
.11 r. i r' i.mi '* I,,* i ii .'i * . t"»<U
i-»ti»*l„*li   lur   il.e   Wi.v-.it   tn (.ft..
fiiil^iiieiit iii.'ii* llie i|:ia!ilv ni
ilieir llui'i lirurer* X<« !.••••! m
t.-H nlil rimer-' wl.'ir Oie !;;i,t
iiiov kjiiitv.. "ii Alf nu*l -l.u-1.,
l»nt   I'lL-riui* tn  K*i»li>  -.t..»i|l,i
"'Mil,   fill-Ill  Up I, ||fl|  Ml ft'.lll li  il'
,i un e r.. .in, <■! i,.-.-i ll,.ii |. , ..]
■ in     Tcfi I'vi'iu wl,
>it>. mnl v un   ii -e   i
good   raw  stock   for   missionary
I learned from a reliable source
that a cotton mill having a pay-roll
of six thousand dollars a week in
New England, can be run in the
south for four thousand dollars a
week. This means a saving of just
one-hundred thousand dollars a
year; and the mill having a capital
of one million dollars thus gets a
clear gain of ten per cent per annum.
One mill at Columbia. S. C, has
a capital of two million dollars. In
half a dozen other cities there are
mills with a capital of a million or
more. These mills all have "Company Department stores," where
the employees trade. A certain credit is givee, and the employee who lias a dollar coming to
him in cold cash is very, very rare.
The cashier of one mill told me
that nineteen families out of twenty
never see any cash, and probably
never will. The account is kept
with the head of the house. Against
him are charged house-rent, insurance, fuel—three things that the
man never thought of. Next, the
j orders drawn on the company must
'be, met. Then comes groceries,
clothing and gee-gaws that the
young women are tempted into
buying if the account is not much
overdrawn. Sometimes it happens
that the account is so much overdrawn by the last month that the
shopkeeper will dole out only
corn-meal and bacon—just these
two things prevent starvation and
keep the family at work.
The genial cashier who made
this explanation to me, did it to
reveal the pititable ignorance of the
"poor whites,"—the cracker can
not figure his account—it is all a
matter of faith with him. "To
manage a cracker you have to keep
him in debt to you," explained my
friend, "then you can control his
vote, and his family."
The ingenuity displayed in securing the laborers reveals the "instincts of Connecticut," to use the
phrase of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
There are men called "Employ
ment Agents" who drive through
the country and make the acquaintance of the poor whites—the
"white trash." This expression by
the way was launched by the negroes, and then taken up by the
whites. No man will acknowledge
ply the epithet to others who are
supposed to be still more trashy
than himself.
No matter how poor these whites
are, they are all well stuffed with
pride—they are as proud as the
rich, and they would conduct themselves like the F. F. Vs, if they
had the mouey. They are the F.
F... Vs. slightly run down at the
They apoligize for their poverty
and lay it all to the war. All consider themselves very much above
the negroes—they will not work
with the blacks,
The employment agent drops in
on this poor white family and there
is much friendly convesation—for
time is no object to the cracker.
Gradually tlio scheme is unfolded.
There is a nice man who owns a
mill—he will not employ negroes—
suits the cracker—be does not want
to work. A house will be supplied
gratis for them to live in. Photograph of the house is shown—it is a
veritable palace compared with tlie
place now called home. The visitor
goes away, promising to call agaiu
I next week. He comes back and reports that he has seen his friend,
the house is ready, work is waiting wages in cash will be paid every
Saturday night.
Why, this poor white family
never saw any real cash in all their
A printed agreement is produced
and signed.
If the cracker hasn't quite
enough energy to move, the Employment Agent packs up his scanty
effects and advances money for the
car fare. The family land in the
mill town, are quartered in one of
the Company's cottages and go to
work—the mother aud all the
children over five. The head of
the house stays at home to do the
house work, and being a man, of
course, does not do it. He goes to
the grocery or some other loafing
place where there are other men in
the same happy condition as himself. Idle men in the South, as
elsewhere, do not feel very well--
theyneeda little stimulant, and
take it. The cracker discovers that
he can get whiskey and pay for it
with an order on the Company.
He is very happy, and needless to
say, is quite opposed to any fanatic
who would like to intefere in his
family relations. He is not aware
of it, but has sold his wife and
children into a five years slavery.
Tbe Company threatens and has a
right to discharge them all if even
one quits—even the mother is not
But the cracker knows his right,
he is the head of his family, the
labor of his children is his until the
girls are eighteen and the boys are
twenty-one. He knows these things
and he starts them off to tlieir
work while it is yet night.   .
And at the mill the overseers
looks after them. These overseers
are northern men—sent down by
the capitalists. In war time the
best slave drivers were northerners—they have the true spirit
and get the work done. If nec-
cessary they do not hesitate to
1 'reprove'' their charges.
kind; he wants to accumulate
enough money to buy a home in
the country—it will only take a
few years! The overseers do not
wiBh to be brutal, but have to report to the superintendents—there)
must be so much cloth made
every day. The superintendent is
not a bad man—but he has to make
a daily report to the President of
the Company; and the President
to the Stockholders.
The Stockholders live in Boston,
and all they want is tlieir dividends. When they go South they
go to Pinehtirst, Asheville, or St.
Augustine. Details of the nulls
are not pleasant, they simply leave
matters to the good men who operate the mills—it is against their
policy to dictate.
Capital is king, not cotton. But
capilal is blind and deaf to all that
is not to its interest; it will not act
while child-labor means ten per
cent dividends on industrial
Instead of abolishing child-labor,
capital gives a lot, near the mill
property, to any preacher who will
build a cliureh, and another lot for
a parsonage, and then agrees to
double the amount any denomination will raise for a church edifice.
Within a quarter of a mile from
one cotton mill, at Columbia, S. C,
I counted seven churches, completed or in process of erection.
And that is the way the mill
capture the clergy. In talking
with various preachers on the question of child-labor they all, I found,
had arguments to excuse it, blissfully unaware that the entire
question had been fought out in
the world's assize, and that Civilization fifty years ago had put her
stamp of disapproval on the matter.
One preacher put it in this way,
with a gracious, patronizing smile
(I quote his exact words); "Oh,
of course, it is pretty bad—but
then, dear brother, you know the
children are better off than running tho streets!"
It is assumed that there are only
two occupations for children—
working in the mill or running the
streets. And then this man of God
confessed to me without shame
that many of the men whose whole
families worked in the mills, subscribed one-tenth of their income
to the support of "tlie Gospel" and
gave him an order on the Mill
Company for the amount; and this
was withheld from wages and paid
Improves the flavor
and adds to the health-
fulness of the food.
When outfitting for camp
always take Dr. Price's Cream
Baking Powder for good
health and good food. It
makes the finest fiapjackSj
biscuits and bread.
Never go Into the woods »way
s Irom a doctor with a cheap alum
baking powder in the outfit. Vou
want the best baking powder in
the world—and it is most economical in the end.
pnica Baking Powder Co., Ohio oo.
(Continued on pus**; four.)
NOTICE ishcrehy given that the undermentioned persons have made npplication under
the provisions of the Liquor License Act, 1900,
for renewal of Hotel Licenses at the places set
opposite their respective name?.
A. Jacobson, St. James Hotel, New Denver.
Aylwin Bros., Denver House, New Denver.
H. Stesrc. Newmarket Hotel, New Denver
A. MeGllllvrav. Windsor Hotel. °New Denver.
J. Howes, Victoria Hotel, Silverton
Dan Brandon. Selkirk Hotel, Silverton.
L. M. Knowles, Lake View Hotel, Silverton.
■     •• ■-"---_TI.»-     ~     -
ito-.vi m»'r
Hugh Ncvin, Three Forks.
Geo. Aylwin, Enterprise.
, A.C. Allan,Twelve Mile.
A meetlnifof the Board of License Commis-
•ioners of this Slocan license district will be h»ld
to consider such nppllcatloi.sat the Court House,
NewDenver on Mondny, thelCth day of June,
W0U, al the hour of 11 o'clock in the forenoon.
Chief Licence Insiitetor.
New Denvtr, B. C, May 2Sth, lOttt.
ESSKX  mul   i:i)IM!l!H<iH Mineral Claim
Sltimie in the Slocan MIiiIiik Division of Wcsi
Kooli'iiny District,   Where located:   Three
and one-half mile* up. and north of, Four
'■PAKE NOTICE that I, Herhert T. Twiiwr, a*
1    iifccnt for O-enriH; H. Dawson, Kn-e MliH-r's
Ortltifiilc Nd. H.1M7U. Inn-nil, sixtv days from
Ihe date  hereof,  to  aptily  to the Mlu'l'ii; lie
(•order for Oilllii-iiti-sof Improvement*, for the
liltl'irise of ol)lalnlii(f a t'piwu lirmit of ..noli nl
llio alK'veclnlnis.
And further titke not ice thai action,-iinili-r See-
lloil 3J. nuiill lie cuiniilf need liefore thc  i-'lliliH-t
nf Miii'jii'erllllfitti-s i.f improvement*..
Dated this Mil -lay <>f May, A, |i. itma.
JI Bargain
to Old and new
Fix fleejiiy in mind thc«rand  truth
tliat lift! power rules the body.
To HARRY M   ADAMS, or td whomsoever htf
may  have transferred   his Interests in  tho
Laughlnp Waters and Faraway mineral claims
situated in the McGuiiran Bashi, adjoining the
Soho and Red Cross claims, in the Slocan Minini; Division of West Kootenay District.B.C.
VOU aro hereby notified that. I have exiieuded
1   rtiOS.OO In labor and improvements upon the
above mentioned mineral claims under the provisions of the Mineral Act. and if within 90 day*
from thc da'e of this notice you fail or refuse to
contribute   your   proportion   of    the   above-
mentioned sum, wlilch Is   now   due,   together
with    all     costs    of   advertising,   your   Interests iu   the   said   claims will   become the
property of the undersigned under Section 4 ot
the "Mineral Act Amendment Actl»X>."
Dated at Kaslo, B. O., this Wtb day of March.
1902. J. C. RYAN.
To the legal personal representatives of J. W.
LOWES, deceased, and to HUGH McRAK,
or to any |>erson or j>er»ons to whom they
may have transferred their Interests In (be
Glencoe Mineral Claim, situated on the north
tilde of Hume creek, In the Slocnn Mining
Division of West Kootenay District, British
"V'OU, and each of ymi, are hereby notified that
X I have exfiended two hundred dollars In
lalior and Improvements upon tlie above mentioned mineral clnlm under the provisions of
the Mineral Act, mid If, within ninety days
from the dale of this notice, von fail or refuse to
contribute your portion of all such expenditures,
together Willi all costs of nilverlisiny, your Interest in the said claim will become the property
of the siiliscrlliei- under Section 4 of an Act entitled "An Act fo nim-nd tin'Mineral Act llloo."
Dated at New Denver, Fl. C. this jmii day of
February, lm«.
In the Mailer i.f an application i.iru duplicate
of aCcrilllcalci'l Title to an undivided M-Muid
mu undivided l-.snf all miner:.1- precious and
lniJe, s-ive dull and pet nileiiiii. ili'der Lm Mil*,
Ur,;u|i I, Kooti'iuiy District, ■•Monitor" llllil-
i-l.il el.iilll.
Y«'TI('K 1-*. IIKIIKIIY LIVES' tlmt It i, my
;i l;it.-mi ii to Is-tii- at tlie expli-ntlriii of olio
month IV in llie 111si publication hereof n Certlil-
eale of Til',, lo the ab.ivi' mentioned undivided
:i s mul ini.iiviil.'il 1-s ot nil iiimii'IhIh, precious
.ii»l li-- - ■ '"vi- ' "al and i- H- Stiit. under Lot
I'.lii .i.f..ii, I, Koot-nay I'l-iMrl, •Monitor"'
mini ml eJ.iiiu. in the n.>in.- ..I' Kl'-.-in.ir ,1. Kendall and Allied li. Foi.-lainl. uliieli . cilllleale Is
.lnt.d t'.'-.ali dnv "t  li.-.-, tut..■:-. pin, mid iniiri
II. K   MaiI.KI'D.
I iimi let lligihtriir,
Land Ki-i-trviini'-c. Sel* un It I .,».lnl April.
[l'i*. ' fri
certificatTof improvements
won i: iioiimi: .vo. i,
nml  I'KltOltA  Mm
K\l'!i ill lilt- NUi-I \ Wert |.fll|i|i- Illl- lint
lU'i'l'-i' !«• llllllliliy fnl lure lill-. <■«• Inn'
I" Oiu" lllill •.lldlllil   ,i|i[»i-.i! to Ihi- nnt»M -:
For One Dollar
The Montreal Family
Herald & Weekly Star
ami th»: Vpvv (V-nv-pr
sloeiin Min nu- Dlvl-li'ii of Weit
oiNl.il.       W'lM.ir    )..i .ite.I;     I'll
nn Flat.
T-lKKViiTK'! lint 1,1   M  M. (if. for, ruling
a-jn...,i't i I'ln.'l.« F. II*.;-.-. Ine Mimr'ifVr-
• ili,.t'- N'-* e' .-.''ll. Ii.i.mt. ~!\n -I "ft-.in ita-
il,,le l.u...I, to applv to tlu. Mliiinu" Hiiot'lt-r
for l'i i ilili,iie« i.i  f in.-ii.Mn,i ni-. 'or ibe pur-
pw ol ol.jnlollo. lloMli Iililll* ..: l|iC ,|ImiV»
And tin I In r lake nolle.* liml ... iL.ii uiiil. r n*«>-
tl-xi -Si mu-t In i >ii,l|li mi <! Ii- f.,|i- I In- i-. i|.i| '*#*
of -<l|i ll I >rl llil- .!«•..( Iln | I *.\i iiii'l.!".
|l,|.., ||,|.   ,!|*  .|*,y    *f   \,„,.     \   |l      (-..,.
Situate III the
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• .alum F.
rAC IJ*1
\ ed^e
■-ii 'i'*1   fin    ojij
I'lHiii l'i.--l;tinl,  Tittil,
!T!NP 10
Nflfiiii and
liiilcit   Sliitt -   m ,!i!   ,l,tnM,it y  I.
Tu uttiki' the t.lh-1. -ti!l -*'fi.. p-r /
t'lr.ili"   tin    r.it-ii:..ifi.-ii   j.iflur.-- .if
l'-'luar.l  iOiA. n :.. ■*.    \U-\:n <i'.i
V«|i|it-.» aii ,i-ii'-! - lm
mliTtiii-MiiiW' ji'inu-. (-
^?. \   I.OWf-RY. New Denver
Palmer  &   Allen
St ..i*.*.-n *,
i Incut;-')
"7 '»i
HO.!* I
j i *t ,*V i
■-ttiiy \,
.  ill'
•    1
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I;-       «i4/i* V-
<*. O. **AHH
U. 1.09TK t.t*.l' THE LEDGE, NEW DJiJN VER, B. (J., MAY 29, 1902.
Ninth Yeak
spring and
Continued from page three.
I have just received a vef-y
Mell-s.'leeted >tock of new
goods. Get In your order for
a nobby Suit early.
Boas Tailor
Graduate of Philadelphia Optical College:
■•Graduate ol the Canadian College of Optics and
.Detroit Optical Collese. Outlit for the diagnosis
and correction of Optical Defects unsurpassed lu
the Dominion. Consultation free. At Nelson's
Drugstore after May 23.
S. RASHDALL. NewDenver. B.C..
"Real Estate and Mineral Claims for Sale. Claims
represented mul Crown Granted.
Lumber.' Doois, Windows. Stci-e Fronts-Show
'Cases, Store nnd Bar Fixtures, Counters, Fancy
•Glass. H. HOUSTON, Manager."
Kelson, B. C.
Employment Agenoy,
Help of All Kinds Furnished.
'IPostofflce Box 4iiS, Nelson. J.H. LOVE.
\ j   penter crccK
and ALTORUS-Crown Grants obtained.
KTY. North Fork Oar-
'     An
J. MCMILLAN & CO., Vancouver, B.C.
KELSON, B. C.      Cor. WARD & BAKER Sts.
JHas had 15 years experience in dental work, and
.mOses a sneciaUy of Gold Bridge Work.   Most
complete dental office iu B. C.
XI   1VH.   The most complete ll r 1 I  Til
routtbe Continent of North Ameri-n CH L I 11
.«a. Situated midst scenery un- n r Q n n T
rivalled for Grandeur. Boating, Jl CO U ,11 I
Fishing and Excursions. Resident Physician
and Nurse. Telegraphic communication with all
\_m\rta ot the world; two mails arrive ana depart
■Svery day. Its bathes cure all nervous and
-muscular diseases; Its waters heal all Kidney,
Xlver and Stomach Ailments. SPECIAL.
WTNTER TERMS: MS to *15 per week,
"The -jwice of a round-trip ticket between
jjt>w Denver and Halcyon, obtainable all the
•year round and good for 80 days, Is $8.35. Halcyon Springs, Arrow Lake, B. C,
AR. HEYLAND, Engtneor and Provincial
.   Land Surveyor.   KASLO
W .   Dealers in all Drugs anil Assayers* Sup-
JR.   CAMERON,  Sandon. Manufactures
.   Clothing to order; and solicits patronage
rom all clashes.
"Wholesale   Meroti-ants.
■ noo   UnuLDITCH   &   CO.,    Nelson
•tl   Ivcoi.r'.nn. Wholesale Grocers and Provision
Mtic. aii:".
J-a   L. CHKI8T1K, L. L. II., Barrister, So-
*.   Hcltor, Notary Public     &    '      ~   ~
Hcltor, Notary
Every Krlday at Sllverto.i.
Sandon, B. C,
It. OlilMAIKTT, L. L.
Solicitor, Notary Public
II., Barrister,
Handon,. B, C
ranch Office nt New flonvur every Saturday
Cigar Oo.
Knr pill-. « upply I*.--
VV. .1   MiMII.I. IN If".
11 ilnn tUit*    -V > J   I >, <    ,
VfttiriHiw, II *
Om Special
El Condor
Hflj.irtJ-i, Kx.tmin»tion» And M»rug«s
NEW DENVER,  .   B. C.
feo him regularly by the Cashier
the Company.
The majority of the clergy of
South Carolina has always stood
for slavery. The clergy never move
faster than the people, usually
lagging away behind. To get ahead
of the pews is to seperate from
them, so the average clergyman will
not champion an unpopular cause.
The cleryman who speaks his
mind for freedom has to get out of
the church, Luther, Savonarola,
Emerson, Beecher, McGlynn, Prof.
Swing, Dr. Thomas and all that
baud of preachers that have stood
out and voiced the cause of freedom, have been regarded by their
denomination as renegades. Exile
and ostracism have been the lot of
freedom's champions; and their ostracism and social disgrace have
been the work of the respectable
element in the church.
And the reason that the
church has always sided with
slavery is because she has always thrived on the profits of
We have heard much about the
danger that follows an alliance between church and state; but what
think you of a partnership between
grasping greed and religion—tho
professed religion of the suffering,
bleeding Christ, the Christ who
had not where to lay his head?
The Orthodox Protestant preacher is an institution in the south.
You see his well buttered face on
every train, at every station—he
attends every gathering—nothing
can be done without him. He
preaches "the blood of Jesus,"
and nothing else. His gospel is
the promise of a perfect paradise
hereafter to all who believes as he
does, and hell and damnation for
all who don't." There has not been
a patent ableimprovement made
on his devil in two hundred years.
The South is Priest-ridden to
such an extent that should make
Italy and Spain jealous, The
preacher is a power. One explained to me that most of the
heads of families that worked in
the mills were "Christian people."
He seemed to think that Jesus said
"Suffer little children to come unto me-and-forbid-thera—not,—for
such is the Kingdom of Cotton.'
If the child workers of South
Carolina could be marshalled by
bugle call, headed with fife and
drum, and marched through Commonwealth Avenue, out past that
statue of William Lloyd Garrison,
erected by the sons of men who
dragged him through the streets at
a rope's end, the sight would appall
thfe heart and drive conviction
home. Imagine an army of twenty
thousand pigmy bondsmen, half-
naked, half starved, yellow,
weazened, deformed in body, with
drawn faces that show spirits too
dead to weep, too hopeless to
laugh, too pained to feel! Would
not aristocratic Boston lock her
doors, bar the shutters and turn in
shame from such a sight?
I know the sweat shops of Hester Street, New York; I am familiar with the vice, depravity and degradation of the Whitechapel District; I have visited the Ghetto of
Venice; I know the lot of the coal
miners of Pennsylvania; and I
know somewhat of Siberian atrocities; but for misery, woe and
hopeless suffering, I havo never
seen anything to equal the cotton
mill slavery of South Carolina—
this in my own America—the
Land of the Kree and the Home of
the Brave!
For tho udult who accepts tho life
of the mills, I have not a word to
say—-it is his own business. My
plea is in defense of the innocent—
J voice the cry of the child whose
sob is drowned in tho Ihnnder of
whirring wheels.
The iniquity of this New Slavery
in the New South has grown up out
of conditions, for which no one titan
or class of men, it seeutK is untenable. The interest of the cracker,
thi' preacher and overseer, the mi-!
pcriiitendent, (lie president, iimll
llie wim-klioM'Ty. aie hi involved!
that I hey eaiinot see tlio tltttli- i
their leei are ensnared, and they!
sink into the quicksands of hypoe-i
risy, deceiving thi'tne-elvcs with'
HpeeiuiM reasons. Tliey niiisl he''
i educated, iitid the people must Im\
i ei limited. ,
.>> ii  t« ui.uu.- im iiiiit r-uuiii, y\
J Valium liitiul of in. a ami women in ,
; thcSuMb, vvlio .oe Jijil-iliu^ this in-,
[ iqititv, to hold fast iuul   not   leave
i oil in lle-ir   work   until   (he   little!
I captive* aie made free,    jn'i'ulil will
-■iirely win.    And to tlie.se  euniest'
men and women who  are  heaving j
ostracism,  and  who    are    often j
scorned in their own  homes,  who!
have nothiiiy; to cain hut the con-!
scioUMiiesH of having done right, wc
reach    friendly  luindv  iteron*  the'
miles, aud out of tho silence we send!
them  blessings and  hid them Ih»«
strong and of k«hmI cheer. Seeming-j
ly they fight alone,  but they  urej
j not alone, for the great, throbbing, ■
melting Mother-heart of the world,
has but to know of their existence
to be one with them.—Elbert Hubbard.
8 wncn you want onping
When'Frisco was in the bloom
of its early days, Bret Harte lived
there, and  was attracted by   the
glitter of its gaudy gambling   saloons.    His  first    experience    in
bucking the wheel was very much
like the country jake trying to beat
the three shells.    Harte in one of
his books tells   the following story
of his first attempt at playing roulette and looking wise at the same
time.    He says:   "I was watching
roulette one evening, intensely absorbed in the mere movements of
the    players.     Either they were
so preoccupied with the game, or I
was really older looking than  my
actual years, but a bystander laid,
his hand familiarly on my shoulder
and said as to an ordinary habitue:
'If you are not chippin'  in yourself, pardner, s'pose you give me a
show.'    Now,  I honestly believe
that up to that moment I had no
intention  or desire of trying my
luck.    But in the embarrassment
of the sudden address I put my
hand in my pocket, drew out a coin
and laid It with an attempt at carelessness, but with a vivid consciousness that I was blushing,  upon a
vacant number.    To my  horror  I
saw that I had put down a large
coin—the bulk of my possessions!
I did not flinch, however; I think
any boy who reads this will understand ray feelings; it was not only
my coin but my manhood at stake.
f gazed with a miserable show of
^difference at the players,  at the
chandlier—anywhere   but at   the
dreadful ball spinning around the
wheel. There was a pause; the game
was declared, the rake rattled  up
and down, but still I did not look
at the table.    Indeed, in my inexperience of the game and my em-
barassment, I doubt if I should
have known if I had won   or not.
I had made up my mind that I
should loose, but that I must do so
like a man, and above all, without
giving the least suspicion that I
was a greenhorn.   I even affected
to be listening to the music.   The
wheel spun again; the  game was
declared, the rake was busy but I
had displaced touched   me on   the
arm, and whispered: "Better make
astraddle and divide your stake
this time."  I   did not understand
him, but as I saw he was  looking
at the board, I was obliged to look,
too.    I drew back dazed.   Where
my coin had lain a moment before
there was a glittering heap of gold.
I did not know how much then—
I do not know now—it  may   not
have been more than three or four
hundred   dollars—but   it dazzled
and frightened me.    "Make your
game gentlemen,'* said tbe croupier
monotonously,     I    thought    he
looked at me—everybody seemed
to be looking at me—and my companion repeated his warning. Here
again must I appeal to my boyish
readers in defense of my idiotic obstinacy.   To   have  takeu advice
would have shown my youth.   I
shook my head—1 could not trust
my voice.   I smiled, but  with a
sinking heart let my stake remain,
The ball sped around the wheel,
and stopped.   There was a pause.
The croupier indolently advanced
his rake and swept my whole pilo,
with others, into the bank.    I had
lost it all.   Perhaps it may bo difficult for mo to explain why I actually  felt relieved, and  even to
some   extent  triumphant,   hut I
Heemed to have aswerted lay grownup itidependeiice--posHibly at the
cost of reducing the number of my
meals for days; but what of  that!
1 was a maul J wish I could say it
was a lesson to ine,    1  am afraid
it was not.   It was true that I did-
not gamble again, but, then, I had
no especial   desire   to—and there
was no temptation.    I am afraid it
was an incident without a moral.
Vet it had one touch duiuicteristic
of the period, which   I like   to remember,    The man who had spoken to me, I think suddenly realized
Warm weather
l« fit li.-niil,   ,1 <•. .|, iffivihlik-
l* » luxury that ,;,*t* m.ly %'»• |
At lid's Tonsorlal Parlor '
Hihck Block     Xkw pKxvnji'
in the line of Jewelry, or
have anything in this line
that is in need of repair,
send direct to the old-established hou** of JACOB D3VER.        In cbing so you will ba sure of getting
the best—and it never pays to get anything else.        No shortage in stock; no waiting for goods.
DIAMONDS—Loose and Mounted
WATCHES-Filled and Gold
GOLD BROOCHES, latest designs
Nobby Patterns
Ladles' and Gents'
with and without stones
GOLD CHAINS-all weight*
>v ith and w ltliout stones
GOLD GUARDS-10 and H karat
Standard Crudes of Filled Chains
and Guards in till styles
This is our
Daily Motto
And you will be impressed with the
meaning of it to yourself if
buy your goods
*'JaCOb DOVer'S The Jeweler
Qui personal guarantee goes with ev*ry article, and should
any article bought of us not (novo satisfactory, we are at all
times glad to excliaiiKo same to the entire satisfaction of customer. JACOB DOVER, C.P. R, Time Inspector
Latest Fads) in
of all kinds
And all the Latest Creations ,ln
Goods of All Kinds
at the moment of my disastrous
eoup, the fact of my extreme youth.
He moved toward the banker, and
leaning over him, whispered a few;
words. The banker looked up half
impatiently, half-kindly—his hand
strayed tentatively toward the pile
of coin. I instinctively knew what
was meant, and summoning my
determination met his eyes with all
the indifference I could assume,
and walked away.
It is a mistake to advance your interest by avoidance of duty,
To look for generosity where you
give only parsimony.
Tb presume upon the attention shown
you by a woman.
To regard a man with a fad aa lacking mental equipoise.
To use ambiguous expressions in
a letter or. business affairs,
To think it is saving money to deny
yourself necessaries.
To expect to secure good results
through indifference.
To Took for affection where you have
bestowed studied neglect.
To insist upou having your own
way when it is not the way of your superior.
Nelson Brewing Co.
Brewers of Blue Ligcr Beer and Porter-the best in the land.   Correspond-
R. REISTERER & CO., Nelson, B.C.
ence solicited.   Address—
Dealers in Tens and Coffee.
All (jrndes and prices. A
trial order solicited	
Kootenay Coffee Company
P. 0. Box l»i,        ' Wen Bakor St.
An up-to-date line of
constantly on hand.
Head office: NELSON, B. C
Stoics at SANDON, KASLO, and NELSON.
Have shops in nearly all the camps and cities
of Kootenay and Boundary. They sell the
best meat obtainable and aim to give satisfaction to every customer. Try a line of their
P.   BURNS   &   GO.
All the
latest mixes
in Spring
at the Nelson
Hotel Bar
Relsterer & Vaughan
To and Irfin Kuro]K-!>n |^.Int * via Canadlii
and American lliiei.    A|i|>ly   fur nailing iUtn
mien,tlckit*mid full Information lo any 0.
Hy a««ii or—
0, I*. K. AkmU. New Denver.
W l'. K. Oumminci. 0. s, *. Aitt., Wlniilini
8taple and Fanoy
Agent for
Hauling and Packing to Milieu,
and general local hunlneiw.
N<iw llnnfor, II. V.
General braying: Mining Supplies and Heavy Transportation a Specialty.
Our Bagga-go wagons meet all Sunday trains.
Saddle Horses and Pack A^iinuis.
Feed Stables at Now Denver.
Seeds, Trees,
"Rill"he for Fall or Spring
DUlKJb Planting.
Catalogue Free.
*>« WMtmlntter lUmi. Vmic-wiw, II. 0.
!N  Al.l. STYI.KS  AND
Fred. Irvine & Co.,
nt-i mni r eiOdnxrr*
\ ii*.uinui-u. r\\j\jr\ t O
• ■••iii  «,*w» t >M-t .iii.i sn%rt .».;.*
I.-*"l     ■^■»M*J.-ll*»ilv,r/-*.ij»j.V |.V»
"•mitililt-i l,y mull MT.-lvi-|.n,iii|,( tu,.|,l|.,n
Gold and Silver Refined and Bought
H'-lft I nth Ml..   I»rn»ir. I'nln.
We have a beautiful range of
Ladies' Suitinsrs
In Mack MrojinHiihs. Black, Mine uul Red Solves, Cashmere all color*.
Htriporl Flannels Wool.-n (*rc|ji de Cliinr. in all fa^iionuhlo «hmlf«. Som«.
nuiitf io miii even one. In summer wmI. \w liavu a Hue range of Colored and
Plain Dimities, Flowered and Sniped Organdie*, Striped Muslina, Victoria,
Hishops, and IJeiHian Liiwiih. Stri|K»d Grenadine Muslim. Hiirh class Dry
GoodH in all lines.
Choice Line of Latest and Wost! ashlonable MMtncry, and Dressnuktag
iuit, onnr.ns rkceivk apkciii. *ttkntiok
Fred. Irvine & Co,,


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