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The Ledge Dec 24, 1903

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 i I
XX   ^X^\\ S;.^. i . ■X \   XAA .y\,«A
Volume XL, Number 13.
NKW DENVKR, B. C, THURSDAY, DKCEMBER 24, 1903.
Price, *2 a Year, in Apv.ance
Hs to Deposits of tin Ore
Wm. Thomlinson hands us tha
following letter, which will be of
unusual interest to prospectors and
miner?. Mr. Thomlinson has given
the matter of tin deposits much
study, and his opinion ou the question is worth a great deal, and will
be appreciated by mining men.
Editok Ledge—Deah Sir: As
it is becoming evident that the
mineral resources of Kootenay are
not confined solely to ores of gold,
silver, copper, lead and zinc, I take
this means of starting a discussion
or consideration of the possibility
of finding ores of the rarer metals
in this section of B. C.
If any prospector or miner can
answer the query, "Do deposits of
tin ore exist in Kootenay?'' conclusively, and give evidence to support his statements, all Kootenay-
ans interested iu mining or otherwise will no doubt be pleased to
hear from him.
Below I give all the favorable
evidence I can find and as an aid to
prospectors and miners who h^ve
never given the subject of tin ore
any consideration I include a brief
description of the principal ore of
tin and also an outline of condi-
Anamrii.
,tions,kuown-by— prctGtioal—o'
tions to he favorable for the occurrence of depositssot tlietBiune.
Tlie principaforo oTtin is cassi-
terite tin stone, tin dioxide,
Su 0„ which when pure contains
78.0 per cent of metallic! tin and
21.4 per cent of oxygen. It is
heavy and almost ns hard as
quartz. Its color is brown to
black, with shining ''japanned"
luster when crystalized and not
crushed or water worn.
When found as stream tin in
placers it is generally in grains,
lumps and bean-like water worn
forms of a dull brown or blackish
color.
Crystals of tin stone am usually
modified square prisms or regular
eight-siiled figures called octahedrons.
Tlie bulk of tin ores are found in
placers formed by the natural
breaking up and concentration of
tin-bearing rocks and veins, and
such tin-bearing rocks or lodes are
mostly found hy ''panning" ihe
streams in or near thu granitic
areas, Imase** or dykes.
When panniiig'for tinstone, prospector's should avoid being fooled
by other dark minerals which may
be found in the pan, especially
chromite, titanlte, dark garnets,
tourmaline or magnetite. A good
pocket magnet will separate several of these from tinstone, which
is uot magnetic.
Tinstone can lie determined by
use of an ordinary blowpipe, if
crushed very line, mixed with
sodium carbonate and steadily
roasted in a reducing flame on
charcoal.
The resulting fused maas wliea
crushed again and carefully
"panned" in a I'mall saucer or
wateh glass will ahow small globules of metallic tin, malleable under
the hammer.
Occurences of tinstone, other
than placer deport*, are praetibally
always found in, near or connected
in some manner with granitic
rock*.
When bowfi* or dj'kes of eruptive
granite* intrude Into clay tilatea or
,* *• * *   .
:4.4.i.  .mi.....,*,.,.atj   i*M.9i*  inn  exult*
1,Il.t'i,'-| JMT .!,'-j,'!'f.Vu.\\|* !,neu-i\.hh iwi iim
occurrence of deposit* of tin. The
granite intrntion*art (Mostly math
altered along tho lmrders or contacts with the sedimentary rttekt*
mm in is a-'itwM) portion ulieii tornm
or become* a peculiar secondary
rock called greinen. Greisen is
described by Prof. I. F. Kemp as
"an altered granitoid rock composed of quartz and secondary
w-loU- mica, or tcoiue related mica,
rich in the element flonrine. It is
the < haracterietie mother rock :A
Ihe ore of tin, ea**it*rite, and ia in
most- t-*mt * rmah of the contain
action of granite and its evolved
inineralizers. Where greisen is
formed the feldspars of the original
granite appear to have been destroyed or removed by some
chemical action and replaced by
such minerals as tinstone, tourmaline, topaz,  tunsgten, flourite, etc.
Quite a number of the ecouomic
minerals have their special mineral
"chums" or associates, and enssit-
erite has this habit. Its special
associates are one or more of *he
following—crystalline quart/., tourmaline, topaz, tungsten, molybdenite fluorspar, and secondary micas.
Wherever any of these are found
in a granite mass or near its border,
tinstone may also be present;
therefore prospectors should endeavor to be able to recognize these
associated minerals as well as the
tin ore itself. Besides being frequent associates of tinstone, topaz
and tungsten are themselves of
value, and there are also certain
kinds or colors of tourmaline saleable as gem stones.      (
Of the above associates of tinstone nearly all have been already
found iu West Kootenay, but not
in all cases in or near granite.
A large area of tourmaline bear-
iTTg~graift tF5Mure*MT;liFeMt~iide
of Kootenay lake at or near the.
mouth of Fry creek, several miles
from the north end of the lake, and
the granite areas, intrusive dykes
and bosses along or near the east
shore, south to about Hendryx
creek, are worth prospecting for
tin ores.
These granite masses and intruded dykes, also tihe tourmaline
granite near Fry creek, are referred
to in G. W. Dawson's geological
report on a portion of West Kootenay distrct, 188i), page 39 II.
Scheelite, calcium tungstate, a
very common associate of tin ores,
is found in granite at the Meteor
mine. Spnnj.;i'i'creek, Slocan City
niiniiif; ilivison, and molybdenite,
another ii--ioeiateof tin, occurs at
several places, in granite, in the
same district. Fltiorite is found
alongside ol* a granite dyke near
New Denver, and I believe it has
also been found in the granite areas
around Nelson.
Quite recently deposits of tin-
sloue have been found in the Transvaal, South Africa, at Cape Nome.
Alaska, and Las Vegas, New Mex
ico, and there
nre,   f believe,  no
known reasons why it may not lw
found in   Kootenay, if looked for
intelligently.   Yours v»ry truly,
Wm. Thomlinson'.
New Denver, It. 0.,  10th Dee.,
1003.
5L0GAL GROPPINGSJ
Ore is IHng rawbided from the
Black Prince.
I). D. Robertaon has left Slocan
for Kamloops.
A danco will be given at Silver-
ton thia evening.
Paraon Smith in holding church
MTvietM al Poplar.
Ore aacka were aent up to the
Hell the pant week.
Mr. and lira. Palma Angrignon
will apend Xma» at Phoenix.
A carload of dry ore waa ahipped
lo iSeitum trout the Kilo thia week.:
Ralph Gillette left -Slocun   for
Spokane last week to have his eye!
treated.
The Foreater* are preparing for a
crowded floor at their dance New
Year'a eve.
The day* are growing longer,
and the spring boom ia drawing
nearer.   Egiulf
A requisition b*« I «eeri e!reti)*Wl
and nornwoufly fclgiied in .Slocan
City calling npon David A root to
U a candidate  for  the  office of
mayor. His supporters want tbe
city to establish and operate water
works and an electric light system.
Rawhiding has commenced on
ore from the Comstock, and a shipment will be made from Silverton
this week.
Let your Xmas be merry and
your heart be glad, for we are all
mighty fortunate that turkey
spreads the gravy over pork and—
Divine service (Matius and Holy
Communion) will be held iu St.
Stephens church on Christmas Day
at 'II o'clock—Rev. C. Arthur
Mount, Vicar.
Not every mining camp in the
world will close down for the Xmas
holidays, but the mines of the
Slocan City division are all-same
House of Commons.
The Wakefield is opening up
large ore bodies and it is anticipated
when the Spring opens that they
will have ample reserves to keep
the concentrator running.
F, F. Liebscher is the busiest
mnn in Silverton. He has a fine
line of "suitings and is kept busy
spreading them over th? anatomy
of Slocanites who like good things
and have the price.
The mines of the Boundary
expect to produce ono million tons
of-ore-nexti-yea rr—Th em i n esof the
Slocan will go them one better.
They won't try to produce one
million tons of ore next. year.
John Cory was down from the
Cinderella-Med ford mine this week,
and reports that they are taking
out considerable ore iu the course
of development. A car shipment
will be made as soon as rawhiding
is possible.
It is reported that J. Frank
Collom will bein the Sloean shortly
from California, and that he will at
once install a plant for tho treatment of the Arlington ore by the
Parks process. He will also be in
a position to place small reduction
plants at the low-grade mineB to
treat 810 ores and prepare them to
be sent direct to tho refinery, thus
enabling many properties now idle
to be successfully worked.
Fifteen men aro employed at the
Hewitt. A rich body of ore was
struck in the upper works last
week—some of the richest the property has produced—and shipments
will be resumed in the near future.
In the lower levels the Hewitt has
immense bodies of cenecntrating
ore blocked out, hut to successfully
work this, a mill will be required
and the oil process of treatment
adopted.
It is felt certain that the Galena
Farm will be worked in a few
months. Five hundred tons of ore
is to be run through the Wakefield
mill, and if satisfactory results are
obtained, tbe property will lie
worked regularly. The body of
ore at the Oalena Farm, proved
and partly blocked out, in 200 feet
deep, 100 feet long and has a thick-
nes*» of nine feet. Kven if uo other
ore Imdie* nre uncovered, it will
require at least two yearn to work
this out.
Miss L. T. Lwnek, of Rath,
England, and Miss Agnes Paulson,
of Braxlmurne, two of the lady
tourist*, who in company with Mm.
and Miss Walker and Mrn. Wilson,
on their tour round the world,
called at New Denver last summer
am'. MrtjiiiiMrm anv oays, in a
lit.it likuVck mViuiM, semi
ij-i 11
,t.t.*.*
their Christina*' greeting* to the
jptvwl (i*<ft|v!eof New Denver uith
kind remembrances of their visit
land entertainment,   and  thev ex.
\ picas Mo hope to wme again.
j    Slocan City is having a deplorable
j time trying to keep its municipal
j office* filled.     Here is a shining
example of the oflice Hiking the
[ mnn. It In even pmminerf hy tlv.^o
who won'tact thermal ve* that there
wi!! b-"- no more -i'qutihhliug. OjitA tl»*k
1 everything wiil ite harmonious in
the latum   Rut even tbt# a-mr-
t anee will not iuduce anyoue to act
as <#ty dad. A pnblic meeting was
held last week and a committee
appointed to find somebody who
would be a martyr on tlie alder-
manic altar.
A. C. Allen, a pioneer of '93,
and one who has spent all his time
since then in the hills of the Slocan locating and developing mineral claims, and never made a
"stnke," died in his cabin back of
the old Central hotel Saturday
evening of consumption. Allen
and John Cory were associated as
partners in many valuable mining
properties, and their holdings have
often promised to make them
wealthy, but just when they went
to cash in the slip came, and tbey
were forced to wait. Allen was in
the Ainsworth division as early as
1889. He was an expert mill man,
but of recent, years bis health
would not permit him to work in
that capacity. He. was buried
Monday afternoon at New Denver.
WILL   I1ISBUKSE   T.KAD BOUNTY.
The Nelson News says G. O.
Buchanan has been appointed to
administer the lead bounty recently
authorized by tbe Dominion government. It is stated bv those in
a position to know that Mr. Buchanan will move to Nelson and
Tnakirthutrtlro^lii^ibirting-poinT
for the Bounty. This will be welcome news to the silver-lead operators, who have been waiting for
some definite steps to be taken in
the matter. There were a few,
who for reasons best known to
themselves, stated that they believed the bounty would never be
distributed and who endeavored to
induce some of their colleagues in
the industry to cease operations till
tho disbursement of the bounty
was commenced. How bucIi a story
could have obtained credence is
singular. The bounty was a part
of the law of the land, had been
regularly passetl by the Dominion
parliament and an order-in-council
had been made providing for the
putting of it into effect and it was
just ascertain to be paid as it is
that the sun will continue to shim.
Tho delay has been doubtless
caused by the large amount of de-
detail work necessary to put it in
operation.
Mr. Buchanan is thoroughly conversant with the mining industry,
has made (dose study of the subject
and is, therefore, well fitted for the
duties of disbursing agent.
SCHOOL Cllll.llltK.VH KXKIU.'ISKS.
The visitors who casually dropped
in at the closing exercise* of Miss
Wilson's primary school room on
Friday afternoon enjoyed a treat in
noting the apt and ready manner
in which the pupils went through
their various lessons and exercises,
as well as maintaining a quiet and
cheerful discipline, Mr. Morrison,
with his pupils from the senior
school, took a half-afternoon holiday nud swelled the list of visitors.
Mrs. Shannon, Mrs. I'yinau. 8. T.
Walker, Kd Angrigiion and W. I).
Mitchell were also precent. The
decorations of the school room were
neat and artistic, chain* of paper
links in red and green and white
and yellow and blue festooned the
fmrders nnd corners and ceiling,
while on the walls were prints,
pictures, paintings and ehrouioM,
The blackboard was filled with
iJiriHtuias ami Sew \ car greeting!*,
motUoH una n'wMins with appropriate illustrations in fin*' hand drawings, alt reflecting much credit on
the work of Miss Wilson and her
nunih.
HII.VKK-LKAII    QUOTATION*.
Sandon Hews Cropping
time the whole structure was
destroyed. The loss to the company and to the men is severe,
coming at this season of the year,
and will entail considerable* ex-
Alex. Crawford is spending the jpense to rebuild, if. indeed a tem-
MAatt =<.»om,  ,-„   fiamlnn J porary   ,g]mt-dOWn    IH     HOt       foiCCd
| Dee. 17 Silver, fifijl
Dec. 18 Silver, J»5f
j Dee. 10 Silver, M \
' Mee.21 KiUer, .".H
J De<VJ2 Silver, 55jj
Lead, £11 5»
ItotnlXU i;»*ad
Ixvid,
\a-oA,  t\ I u*
Lead, £11 5s
Hockey and curling are in full
swing at the rink.
Chas. McLachlan and family left
for Fernie this week.
Alex. Crawford is
holiday season in Sandon.
Mr. and Mrs. Creech are spending Christmas at Victoria.
The Reco and Blue Bird are
each shipping a carload of ore this
week.
Jno. McCully bad two ribs
broken at the Ivanhoe last week.
He is at the hospital.
Rev. Mr. Mclntyre held services
at the dedication of the new church
at Salmon Arm on Sunday.
The Payne has installed a new
90-horse power engine and a new-
boiler for heating purposes.
The wire was stretched over tbe
Idaho-Alamo tram this week. In
a short time the mill will be in
working order.
A hockey match by local teams
is billed for Xmas day. There
won't be any moss on the puck
when the boys get through.
—-The- Gliristmas —tree-entertain-
ment to be given in Bosun hall on
Christmas eve, promises to be of
unusual interest to old and young.
The 500 tons of coal that is being
laid down at the Payne this month
is for the season's burning. Sixty
tons a month is burned at the mine.
A. Peterson left tue hospital this
week, having suflieie.itly recovered
from the operation underwent last
week for an tilcerated cheek bone.
Tho Presbyterian Sunday school
will hold the annual Xmas tree
servives in the school room at the
court house this (Wednesday)
evening.
The Star is shipj ing the ore that
has been tied up at the ore house
on account of no snow, and will
swell its total for the year a few
hundred tons before the month is
out.
Handon Knights of Pythias have
always had Ibe name of doing
things well, and they are putting
forth every effort to make their
New Year's dance the best over
held.
The good people of Throe Forks
are going to spend an old-time
Xmas. Xmas tree exercises are to
be held in the school house and a
dance in the town hall will entertain the grown-ups.
The spurring match to bo held in
1'nion hall on Nriias eve will he
thc hottest "mill" ever put up iu
the slocan. Billy Williamson and
Hilly Mills will put up a ton-round
fight for the gate receipts.
Frank Pepin came down from
the Star Saturday and went into
the hospital.   Sunday Dr. Oomm,
! with Dr. Martin, of Kaslo, consult-
i ing. operated upon him for appen.
Ulieitis.    He is recovering from the
i operation.
j The Idaho-Alamo Consolidated
I mine- is the name of the company
I that suceeeda the Scottish-Colonial
jtiold Fields as owner of the
Idaho mines at Alamo. The
new   company   has  a   capital of
ll'IIKIIKKI     nnd    «HH    oi*,ir'*U*    thn
I properties t« the  limit  ne*t  ynr
(and  Alamo will again  be an ini-
i jKirtant shipping point.
Enquiries are being made by the
provincial police a* to anv r»-lntive«
;ui tlu
| mau
j Iwaeli near Kaslo last summer. The
| body was found some months after
j by ,1. W. Cockle, of Kaslo, and al-
f though latdly dei'omfKwed wa.« in-
ili-ulil.eil hy the elothing and a
scarf pin worn by ibedeeenwd
upon them.
8I.OOAN    OKK   SHIPMKNTS
The total amount of ore shipped from
die Slocan ami Slocan City mining
divisions for the year 1S02 was, approximately, 30,000 tons   Since Januarv 1
to Dec. 19, 1903, the  shipments have
been aa follows:
W'«k Total
America n Boy      t\ 8S3
Antoine  «io
Arlington  43
Allicrta  7
Hlnck I'linc-e  ni
Bondholder    2
U0*U1! ;  10R7
Mine lllnl  ,.--*?
capella  '3*
Crl|>tilu Slick  2
Davton  12
Dolly Vardcn  to
Empress  %
Enloi-iinse  ma
Kinder Maiden .t.... utiu
lliirtnoy  tt
Hamilton  4
Hampton  5
Hiiihlunil Light...  2
Iilitho    33 ii*,
Ivnnlioe  tin*
.lack.so.'i  if
Last (Jliam-e ., <t>
Lucky Jim  joj
Mercury  n«
Monitor  700
.Mountain Con „,, ,.<w«™— -go-
Meteor  st
Xan.i-r-n , 2
Ottawa  ij*s
Payne      33 vn47
Quceti Besa  tot
Rambler  .-.v... Hi*
Reco   i.is
It epublic  in
Kuth    81 MS
Rio  n
Red Fox  U9
RoUHfl  -in
sityiihlre  .1
Sloo.-in Star  2132
Slocan Bov  in
silver Oluiii-o  ,'ii
Suniwt.  ji ,
Su.-prlsc  .1
Vmieonver..  xo
Wiikellclil  iso
Wonderful  ti
Total ton*  1C9 UM1U
AVAIt   AT   IIOSKIIRUV.
Rosebery is going to have a
Xmas tree. Sixty-five dollars* were
Bubficribed toward it, and -some
time ago a large order was Kent to
T. Eaton for preHentn. Hut trouble
arose in the meantime; not among
the children, but among the grown,
ups. The wjiiahble developed
into a war, and finally the
superintendent of the Dominion
express had to step in. The party
iu whose name the goods were
shipped from Toronto reftiaed to
take them out of tlie express oflice,
unless certain conditions were complied with. The opposition refused
to comply. Un Tuesday, express
orders wero received hy the agent
to sell the goods for the express
charges. This was done and Santa
Claiih uill lie. able to do business
tonight at Kosebery,
LOCAL   VICK-I'I'H.
sight
Holiday drinks are now in
nt the Kootenay iu Sandon.
I). .1. Robertson k Co., at their
store in Nelson, carry a large and
varied assortment of furniture suitable for the demands of mining
j camps. Order* col .cited from any
[tart of the country and price* sent
upon application.
Apples —Northern Spies and the
famous (ireening lirst prize apples,
Swift's hams, butter, Roquefort
cheese, Tom Smith's confectionery,
fancy groceries. The trade aud
mines supplied. Drop um a card
or nut uh np liy pliooe. ./. I.
ini.tiin, wmm-Mkte and retail, .Sew
Deliver, H. C
Ktf'ITKHtfXT   it  rori.Aii.
c late Charles Heuelt. a voting '  , i f Umn I!1 -fnv^ *J,,'jJ-v *']
who oommitted suicide on thef""*1 ov',rft A'"1«»' Ha rtwV made
Send your frienda a i-ase of beer
' buy it   from   the Xew   York
Ilrewcry at Handon.
aw
last week on the Swede group, a-
cros* the creek from the (odd Park
group. The find was made at a
|H)iut where a rich stringer joins
llie main lead, and n* e&.-iiy four
f<-et wide. Tbe iiiiartr, of which
immense chui.ks are on exhibition,
j Fire started in the Ininkhou-e at; is almost one-half gold, the yellow
, the American lioy about 5 o'ebtfk .'metal being netted and strung all
! Tuesday everting and in a short' through the piece** of ore. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 24   1903.
Eleventh Year
The Ledge.
With which Is amalKiimatud the
Sax di in  Paystkkak.
I'niilished every Thursday In the richest silver-
load-zinc camp on earth.
Lucral advortlsinar 10 cents a nonpariel line
• lirst insertion, and 5 cents a line each su'.wquent
Inwrtion.   Readin(f notices 2ft cents a line, and
commercial iwivertfclng graded iu prices accord-
ini? to circumstances.
Subscription, 32 a year in advance or &.50 if
not so paid.
Certificate of Improvement notices i?7.   Delinquent Co-owner notices $10.
Fellow Pilgrims: Thk Ledok is located at
Kcw I"enver, B C , and is traced to many parts
of thc earth It has never been raided hv the
nherilT, snowsllded hy cheap silver, or "iili'dued
fty the fear of man    It works for the trail blazer
its well ns the liav-wliidowud. clin mpusnc-flaviired
tApitnli.n It aims to be on tins riirlit side of
everytlilns. and believes that hell should bead-
ministered to the wicked in larj-'G doses. It has
stood the test of time, and an ever-lncrenslnc
imy-t.reak is proof that it is better to tell tli
troth, even if the heavens do Hcciisionallv lilt
onr smokestack.
One of tho noblest works of creation is tin- mn h
who always p-iys the printer: hi- is sure of»
bunk in paradise, with tliornle's roses for a pillow li/ niRht, and notliiiiL' hut* (fold to'look at
by day.
AiMress all communications to—
THE   l,Kr>GE,
New Denver. B. C
V noni'il cros« in this sipinrc
1 • (irate* that your suliscrin
H in is flue. :ind t'vat the editor
wants >ne« nu-ain to look at
your collateral.
CHRISTMAS.
Tomorrow tbe civilized portion
of this world will rejoice, and extend an invitation to indigestion,
while every parson, not a rabbi,
will mention Christ until there is a.
lisp in their speech. Christmas, or
irrlMst~tire^5Tiri)f-'Dl^nul)eF~W
not the birthday. of Christ, if He
ever had a natal day. At some
time in the past His birthday has
been celebrated in almost every
month of the year, although to our
mind December is the best month.
It is during this month that tlie
sun quits going south, and ages
ago primitive man discovered t.ie
fact ar.d organized a festival which
is tlie real origin of our modern
Christmas. But h cuts no ic
about the origin of the happy day.
Let us all rejoice, and Illl tlie lives
of those around ns with good cheer,
eveu if some of us in the Slocan
have more than one tunnel in our
sock". 	
TOM   WAKII.
excellent document, the following
is said of Slocan and its mines:
"The Slocan mining district is
in West. Kootenay, on the eastern
side of Slocan lake. It is about
twelve miles across in an east and
west direction, and about eighteen
miles long from north to. south.
Part of it on the east is really in
tbe Ainsworth mining divison, but
there is no natural line separating
the Sloca.i from tho Ainsworth
mining division. Tt is merely an
arbitrary line for record purposes.
Tl'e entire area.is mountainous,
ranging in altitude from about
1,700 to 8.500 feet. The mountains are not only high, but steep.
Usually they are very uniform in
outline, a result of *he slight, variation in the hardness of the rock
out of which they have been
formed, over a great portion of the
area.
"The solid geology is relatively
simple, the greater part ofthe area
being occupied by dark■argillitesor
clay slates, occasionally interbed-
ded with calcareous quartzite and
dark-colored limestone. Traversing
these rocks arc numerous igneous
dykes and intrusive sheets, sonic
of great thickness. Many of them
are closely associated with ore deposits, as will be seen hereafter. A
number of these igneous intrusions
may bc seen in the neighborhood
of Three Forks, along the line of
the Canadian Pacific railway.
"The aqueous rocks are known
to geologists as Slocan slates. They
seem to occupy about the eamegeo-
\i-ttrlft..
■■-»SV'^-~
[iorizt)n=*as=the-4ii),>e.i*
-r„.-.—1.1-
Slocan are great--a good climate,
abundance of timber, tho contour
of tbe ground such that the deposits can be reached and worked
by tunnels without the necessity
for shafts and their accompanying
costly machinery, a moderately
hard country rock, and abundance
of surface water for dressing pur
poses, in addition to numerous fine
veins of high-grade mineral, form
ing a combination of circumstances
that could not easily be excelled in
any part of the world.
"When the ore reaches the snr-
faco it is concentrated either by
hand or by means of machinery
The hand-sorted ore is u-ually referred to in the smelter returns as
"crude ore," that which has been
machine-sorted as "concentrates."
The machinery employed in dressing is of tbe usual kind.0 There is
often considerable loss of silver
with tlie tailings, which is unavoidable, and can only be saved by
treatment iii'other ways. So long
as the silver-bearing minerals
thrown off from a mill have a value
less than the cost of freight and
treatment, etc., they are recovered
in other methods and in a concent-rated form that can be shipped at
a profit.
OHKAT Ol'IHIKTWNITlKS IN CANADA
Writing bis impressions of Canada, an English journalist who
made a tour of the Dominion the
past year, says: "The settler who
selects land wisely can count upon
^4-Cn^Ti"<>-lwi»v=l»^!,oo,Miioi-:. ti.iAi.L i f t.hniviL
Death is sure to hold the cinch
hand sooner or later and take us
all into the great camp beyond th.)
grave. It is a trust which none
of us can break, While its operations are carried on nt a distant-*-
we look on with indilference, but
wh"ii its icy grasp clutches a friend
in sight, we are made to sit up and
wonder why the great power behind all things does not cut misery
out of life's formation and save our
hearth from the frost that eome*
when the voice of a loved one is
stilled forever. We are hut shnd-
l'v.':- .mint A'\\"£ w 'nv-ly of <-luy for
few short years, and then a plunge
in Ihe dirk 1o where ang'-Jj pu.-h
cloud* with the angels or the imp».
shovel coal with tho devil for shi i
bo*-.      PelMMUtlly We do Hot lu'lieyi-
that any soul «hovels roil after it
ill-* from this mundane *»;»li<-r<*.
hence when any of uur friends
ero-s the divide we never worry
about their occupation j,, lu*. .yn\\
land and think they will all iio
well. We feel (,'iieveii |<> It jv" 'loin
depart from nur midst at ue!i an
eatiy age, 1 ne worid ipi;!- lo-er
when wueh men die. Tumi n<nni'
of Ihe tiuii bl l/er■■ of  l'li-   i-o-MIII'V
Adam's lake series, which hasbc.cn
provisinoally classed by the Dominion geological survey as siluriau
or cambro-siliirian.
"The following table shows approximately the level at which
Bonn1 of the more important mines
occur, disregarding the range of
altitude in the several properties.
M ine Kect above the sea
l'tivne 7,100
Idaho <>,700
Alamo .'...(1,700
Hew li,^X)
Whitewater 5,000
Slocun Star ">,(*00
Until -1,7-10
Nearly all the deposits known in
the SI.ican, and certainly those of
greatest importance commercially,
li:tve tin1! form of veins often called,
here and elsewhere,"fissure veins."
or "true veins," but a fesv are hod-
ike in form—that is,  occur ulon;.
the bed planes of the strata.
"In most of the Slocan mine*
some very high-grade ore can he
found, if only small samples be
taken; but that, it need scarcely be
said here, is not the way to judge
of the product of a mine. Tite
vield of large quantities shipped in
the ordinary course of business is
the only reliable guide. The following assay results are averages derived from smelter returns relating
to the quantities standing oppo*
site the names of the dilYcreut
mines named in the table:
Shipment*
Fifty Years ihe Standard
be this upward tendency in the
prime industry of the country, the
stimulating effect of it will be seen
in every other branch of trade.
In an old country a man sows, and
it is his son who reaps. In Canada a man has the prospect, the
sure prospect, of enjoying the fruits
of his own foresight. As an ordinary farmer he will not amass a
fortune. He will, however, earn a
competency far beyond anything
that is possible in the old country,
and with ordinary diligence he will
find himself better off here in ten
years than ho will be in a lifetime
in Scotland. It will be easy, too,
for his children to start in life. In
a country like this, where men
predominate, no girl need wait long
for marriage, and his sons can take
up land for themselves. The difficulty, in fact, for the settler is to
keep his children at home as long
as he would wish, for this is a land
where everyone, young and old,
is imbued with the ardent determination to "get on," and where the
son does not wait till he comes into his kingdom, but goes out and
makes his kingdom for himself.
"A   feature   of   Canadian    life
—and it is one shared in by all new
communities—is the freedom with
which men move from one occupation to another.    It is well to premise this in discussing the openings which Canada offers to skilled
artisans aud others who may not
intend to start farming work, for it
constitutes one of the great advantages of the country.    The distinction between  trades and  between
occupations   are   not   so    rigidly
drawn as in England or Scotland.
In a  rapidly  developing country
like Canada, endless opportunities
present themselves to a   capable
man of bettering his condition, and
he will turn from one occupation
to another without  incurring   the
charge    of     shiftlessncss      which
would be levelled at him  in  older
and more conservative   countries.
Therefore, though a man  may  go
out today as a carpenter,   he  will
have exceptionally hard luck  and
be unusually wanting in energy  if
he does not twenty years hence find
hiliiself at the head of a business
of his own or   in   possession  of a
farm or in one way or another in a
settled  and  comfortable   position.
The life of Canada lias not yet fallen into ruts and grooves.    No one
ean.conitilaiii_l.hat_heJiaa,beeu-C0U^
demnetl to   a   particular  walk of
life.    Iu a very real aud true sense
the world is open to the Canadian,
and splendid opportunities are his
if he be prompt to seize them."
FLOAT.
Float is a handsome annual, written,
compiled and published hy R. T.
Lowery. It contains much that savors
of life in the west and mining- camps.
Many of tha articles are singly worth
the price ofthe book. It is sent to any
address upon receipt of 50 cents Send
orders to K. T. Lowery, New Denver
or Nelnon. __	
William F. Osterly, of Indianapolis, son of a prominent zinc mine
operator of that state, has patented
a new zinc smelting device, by
which it is said that four men can
do as much work as 100 with the
present clay method. Osterly uses
elecricity to charge the ore.
Christmas
JEWELERY,   SLLVERWAKE
WATCHES,   RINGS,
MANICURE   SETS,   ETC.,
OF BEST QUALITY ANI1
•1UST   AS   REPRESENTED,
G. W. GRIMMETT,
0. P It Time In9|>ector.      SANDON, B. C
THE NUGGET
Is a weekly paper published
at POPLAR. B. C.    It gives
Cy
all the news of that great
g-i31d camp. It costs $2 a
year to any address. Send
your money to—
THE NUGGET
Poi'LAH, B. C.
Christmas
Goods
NOW is the time to Iray your Xmas Presents
while tho stock is Iiu-ro. Our NEW GOODS
have arrived and we nre sure you cannot fuil
to find just what you want unions tlicivt. Our
singly of RINGS and BROOCHES is lui-Rcr
than ever. Mall   orders   promptly and
accurately attended to.
Patenaude   Bros.
Watchmakers and Jewelers.
BAKER ST. NELSON, B C.
F. H. HAWKINS
ASSAYER
SANDON
P. O. BOX 185
TELEPHONE 22
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
A. J ACOBSON, Proprietor
When you are socking- lint-clam hotel accommodations you will Und them at this house.
NEW   DENVER.   B. C.
RELIABLE ASSAYS
Gold $ .75 | Gold and Silver..61 i'o
Lead 75 [ Gold.silv'r.copp'r 1.50
Samples by mail receive prompt attention.
Gold and Silver Refined and Bought
OGDEN ASSAY CO.
1725 Amy ilioe e*„   Denver, Colo.
^^Sf
AT
■KMlMk-M
IS   NOW   ON   THE   MARKET, .AND   SHIPPED   TO
S«n<l 50 (.-(Mils to this office
get a copy of Float.
und
Improves ths flavor and adds to
the healtMulnets of tho food.
MIOC BAKINO POWDER 00.
OHIOAOO
*»*-*ilj t-*- *-:J^44-i:t**:i—--':JTi•] \
> *   \,y«.>>.**v*v*-'w-* i ...w   .** :.*■,,jj'_
Iti'A   l*>98-J9tw*.±;:;X-t ..--^Cfft
:;rii;fc?
Mil.
i'.l Vlll'	
VVhii.'wntcT	
Ruth1 ^nli'iiiii
"   .'i-arliniiati'i*
Ill.Vl'	
Allium	
•ilm-iin Star	
l-.lltftlll-iM'	
IIi'iv.    ...	
WahilUMnli	
I'll I'llU'lIl'v .    . .
Muiiiuu 	
Aiilotii"	
( '.|lil!it» luml   .
uianv woul
ll,.-7.r.
5,ii|t)
l.OlH
'.•".7
I,.Mil
■1.7*2
ln.i.1'2
l.iiM
1,'i.lH
l.H)
•2.Vi
U7
•2.M
■>i ;.i
sllvi-r
l«r;..u
11-2
11:1
105
\H
152 <1
l-2'i
KO
177
•2; i'i
50 CENTS
mm* i»i^i»r—MrmiMwiii^wwiPWi m— wimmw nitm~iiriMmTrJi~iM~miiwiTtiriiwfr
mm———a——» wm—ta i ■ n ■■■ m\n —■■■■*■ i mmarn ii »n—«i mm *mm**9m*m
4"
IT IS A BLEND OF WESTERN LIFE AND
ROMANCE. ALONG AVITH SOME PICTURES AND
STORIES COMPILED, REVISED AND WRITTEN BY
R. T. LOWERY
New Denver
Nelson, B.C.
toi
AUK Y<>1? A SUIlSCHlllKlty   No?   Why
uoi?   It will mnt y»u only FIFTY CENTS.
li't
tin'
17*'» '.l-i
•2 I-l 1.
T-* 'I    5s I
shows Ix'tler tliuii
highly arm'iiiitVi-
ami a jut tui'f il w.t- :-•.!■• in lit-*
ll«" -am* land and  ^fiii-mm. \v!iil<-
tUr>-H.:U Ui-* •■tit'ii'i"  funs! r.i .ii   rm
• i   vhIii   itt li„.,*,i*,v *!<<*if »io-(>" t<inr»l> -il
nut 'I'm n*- K'li'fi* i- -nl ,*\ hut
thi> 'l-ty* will hi* biu'j iiulfi'il h.-fni"
tin--<m«iil <f his iiH-rrv lan.'h «li»'-
from out   iiii'inory.       In  «»i»m|»-»tiv
with tin- tinn* s.wrrvi]   vi'li-rui-  *A
i • i , ■ »   . ■
.,.■ .*    *.,,.._*, **      I..I.I..,-.    *.»    : _   V.     ..,.*..,** ,*.
tlnw«r> that iif-tli* ni* Tom's grave.
am! tritM thit, a« one by « ne we
ra-li in Tom will hel|» un ovr th<*
rivt-i timl ItowM I'Hwri'u tiuii' Ami
••family. 	
HI.OIMX    MIXK*    IMI   MIMMtj,
i
• •us <-li;u.ti't«'Vof the SliM'lii nu'n, It
itii'iiiile- jiriihrthly fin* high"?-! nntl
!mvi-i ^iii'lf yi«t- fonml, \\"in'ii wi*
nmijaic tin-Mi riMtilts  with   thost-
*•<*.i.lil* *t      litittt       »iiiii.l-« ttit^ro *,*..* i
'A,     .A,      >   ..■     ...      ll   •    i   *****!(    i*.   1      .*
  "■' '"  "i • "f   f'  •'. - •_   I
oi iho .SitJi-.in ut*'** i'i   al   iitu:e  oil-
■il'i'ijA.     A   ^•>;n?'«^tl«'6':tRi.'i(»   Uitv.miMit   tot
llu- >.l\i>r found tu tlit^t- in*"* is iii
tlm imIi'iui. ulih'h iHVAif* in thru-
j'iiijtijj.ij lomis —cuoir, wavy ami
gKitiuiar (en'in-0 and tiise?. Finm
.i niiiiihfr of awiys of nre* of tlif-
f. lent iiiine*. mnde with tin- ol j<-t-t
of U*.'triiing in which of the'-e forin-
] tin- wlv<T wiw iin».*t nhundaitt,  thi'
l<;llo\Mllg l-f.-llHr' Will' oUltUird.
-..
Our Catalogue is a veritable bank book, wherein
every article illustrated
means to our customers
n direct cost saving.
Tlipniiwr.li(ntn. rt-aily Nov.if.
W.;1!k'.'I  t«. ii  li.ib!«. *f,i,.i»l*.l
rv, ts |<i-i»,i.i iul..«!i.in h.i,ij.
It will iihislrate iirlic,-.'««
of hi^'h quality only ut tlie
extreme   lo.vest   pricts.
Write for a copy, it will
be foru arded tree ot *so*i.
S,Vfwrr
wa-i^fttm***
t
"TT
Have you your
Stoves forWinter?
Wci-.iirv all nl/.t-K of Hit- Ih>M iimkr*
of i-uil nml wihmI titirm-r*.   Ttii-y ar«
IIIUMl.   ui   ill-.il   .ll.ll    i.Vlll   ul   im). |
H. BYER8 & CO.
SANDON. II i;
Mail orders
We givo i»ll inritl ordcrR our
proiiipt nnd <;u cfiilat tent ion
Wi» Milleir your* for Pre-
H'llptioiiH of all kiiitln,
K^ilakv, vamvriii' mid I'll*
Sii|i|»lii'*.
School books
And -upjilii-.n. Blank llook^.
f i'.*l,\*>,     t>r,i\\rc       ntttl      fMAot*
^tiittmierv, WiAl Vn^cr, eie, I t0^$LWs^'i0^
Don't flinch. If you are right, he, she—some
one—will see it in time.
The man who labors in the slavery of fear is
sure to run from Success.   -
Don't poke your nose into another's business;
it is enough to conduct your own with diligence.
AddreHH—    MdMKNTH,
New Doinw. Vl. (.'.
l»alili»tiB(U'«i-«i month liy II. M. WALK Kit.
The Sandon
SANDON
Tin* I'i-'nwf lt"U«i- «f tli< silv.rCily. U imw Iti lli«- h«ml» ol
(IK'illiiK CI.AKKK, who will I* jiiia»i'l to imul oil trl.-iiiU
nml iii-w.   F,v«ryihliiv 'I-ik- tu iiink" our v«tron» i-omfuttnl.li*.
Photo' »
KvrSe Bros.
^eTowolors
4 Wl»H!2iHYw*pSt. T„««fi
CANADA BOOK AND DRUG GO.
N»:».*n>, ti. r. MMiTKrv
Wtimmmfia.
GEORGE CLARKE
THE
AUDITORIUM
Of the Miner's Union Block
itt* * nl> (mil lt> ifcK-lty *uH»W»<»r Ttn»-
sfrl.nl lYrfotni.iiiMn*. fonrifti, I *w»» »»nt
miIht iiiii.Ili> i*nii-nnliin/riii».
li'ui' liimlihu'i. ivi-l'oni' wlni—
UTHOMV    «5HM I AND
Hi*fTHii«>lMii|nii Vln»r«" f'rilnTi
HANDOH. B. C.
•frjlntrrktrtliw.  Hf*tli>ifrsi|i*rlly '; xw-A
.'UQilQUAl* IL
BMUKB.
ATLANTIC
In thft year liook of IJ, <*.  ju-t,
-moil ity t\ie pruvinein) govetu-
mcut, aud which, hy the way, i^uu|
\V,-vy
(*ai»k.	
fiuiiiuhr iii1/-
. l-'-'i ', rivi-rn;
117.1
I! ft*#»v>!,
m    "
'■The facilities for mining in the
Steamship Tickets!
*/-.,  ,,.,f,'■.-.(,.   V.ir-•;■ tr,  •■■■■it*,  t-,-i    I',,,* v Htn!
IO.-I  Al****'!!'*'*  «   I--     '   Al*A<     I.T*;'"!,,.        ].,•.., .\   9.9 If
r»!rti,Iir»c«'»ti«lfuiNn( »'">*«!*> t*> any »■*  I' AW ,     I ,
lt». itifciit *x  • |
*'* v* *.\w,i:ri.
l\ I". It  Aiftnl, N«-w l>i-*n*«-**r.
v.", r. r.c«iuuuu<su.!«.s..ui., Miaut^i-tr.I Rmif«-"*n»<
Ptluo Prize, Henry Vane.
Colnmhun    nnd   Havann
Whip   C'tgAn*.        Vninn '>
tiooAtt, made by *
KILBOl'HXK & ro.i
Wltif<!j'***;- V»ii  '
A toMiKMRr,KlloKT»iN.
I
furn-v*1 In-if«**t thf.iiiiihi-.i»f; |^pttI»M«.n mArtwIrtitti. 1 Srt».
Job Printing
Th* a&Hayshigli in artistic merit, quickly
tlotie al New Denver** printing; emporium—
===== THE LEDGE
Address Eleventh Year
THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 24   1903.
Broncho lint's Salvation
James Tibbets went away from Mussel white in 1873 as a well-behaved agri
culturist, seeking the cheap lands and
boundless opportunities advertised in
the railway stations. He came back
in 1883 as "Bronco Jim,' wearing- the
white hat of the western cavalier. For
nearly twenty years thereafter he
picked out the soft spots in Musselwhite
and sat upon them, sighing for the wild
life of the west.
Except for the ten years during which
he was the scourge of the border, James
Tibbetts' career was an open book to
all of Musselwhite. He had grown up
in the hazel brush away back in the
muskrat days. He had a war record, to
which he seldom reverted, inasmuch as
there were remaining in Musselwhite
three men who distinctly recalled thc
circumstances under which he was
drafted. The story was one that shed
no glory upon the. name of Tibbetts. It
ran to the effect that Jim, by happy
coincidence, went fishing on the very
day that drafting began at court house.
Fishing was so good that he remained
in the woods for a week. When they
finally sought him out, in order to give
him an opportunity to serve his country,
he was found in an improvised teepee,
two miles above the Sewell ford, subsisting on cattish and blackberries.
Some people were sufficiently cruel to
say that Jim tried this aborignal mode
of life in order to harden himself for hiB
Indian fighting, whick came along some
ten years later.
His brief service at the front, which
won for him the title of "hospital inspector,''and his utfbventful years in
and about Musselwhite were matters of
record, but his ten years in the west
were enveloped in mystery, which Jim
sought sometimes to deepen rather than
dispel. It was known that durins the
greater period of hisabsencethe Weekly Messenger had been mailed to a town
iii Northern Nebraska, but Jim explained that tliiB town was merely a
starting point for numberless excursions
fraught with danger—a base of supplies,
as it were, from which he radiated in all
directions at the stern call of duty.
The tantalizing part of it was that no
one iu Musselwhite could successfully
contradict any of the tingling narratives with which Jim whiled away the
long winter evenings and tho long sum
mer days at Talbot's etore There wa*
no denying that Jim had been "out
west1' somewhere, for ten years, and
that he came back with a white hat and
a revolver of prodigious size; and im
mediately installed himself as chief
story taller. It was well enough for the
environs to suggest that he had bought
the hat and revolver at a Chicago do
partin nt store on his way back, but
they had no proofs to hack up their
doubts.
For fully a month after'his return, in
1883, "Bronco J im" chafed and champed
for the open range, the swish of the
lariat and the,cheerful bark of the bix
shooter. He felt himself confined and
•ramped in JeHerson county, for there
was a fence every half mile or so, and
care to tackle anything out of'the or-
Widow Evans* cottage, and became one
of the fixtures of Musselwhite, a domesticated warrior who dwelt musingly
upon the dangers that he had encountered in gulches and foothills, holding
the younger generation spellbound for
hours at a time.
Sometimes the fever would get into
his blood, and he would have to go into
the vacant lot back of Fredericks' livery stable and shoot at a mark. This
blazing away at inanimate objects was
but a poor imitation of the royal sport
of killing redskins, and usually He went
at at it with an apologetic and half
hearted lack of enthusiasm To the
boys on the fence it had the semblance
of real warfare, inasmuch as "Broncho
Jim" would make believe, *. in order to
revive happy memories, that the target
was a skulking Indian    ,
Very often he would say to the line
of admirers perched behina him "Boys,
s'posin that door was a Sioux." Then
he would fire six shots in rapid succession at the inoffensive door propped up
about fifty feet distant, each shot taking
immediate effect.
Only the feverish imagination of a
small boy could transform a discarded
door into a painted savage, yet this dramatic performance had a wonderful
charm for the boys of Musselwhite.
They, at least were free from the doubts
and small jealousies which pervaded the
adult portion of the community. Every
ono of his full quota of chiefs moldering
on the plains, while his half-guarded
and rather modest admissions as to the
takingof life suggested many harrowing adventures in which he had taken
part, which for somemysteriouB lefteon,
he did not choose to relate
Conceding that, he may have left
much untold, there is no denying the
fact that what he told, in detail and
fortified by the records at Washington,
if they could be examined, made' up a
series of perilqus events worthy to be
put into an epic poem. For instance,
think what it must be to win the passionate affection of a chief's daughter,
thereby incurring the deadly hatred of
the chief, and being compelled to make
a desperate ride for life right through
the hostile country with bullets zipping
all about!
Could anyone blame "Bronco Jim"
for repeating many times certain words
spoken to him by ftelaon A. Miles: "I
want this here dispatch to git through
on time, Jim, and you're the only one
I can trust to git 'er through."
Those who sought to belittle the
achievements of of "Bronco Jim" said
that he claimed to be present at every
engagement during tlie 'seventies with
the exception of the Custer massacre,
and the only reason he missed that was
that all the'whites were killed. However, it came out at Talbot's store one
evening that ha had warned Custer.
Sitting Bull he had known intimately,
but he had always mistrusted him, and
whenever he bad an interview him, in
the Sioux language, he invariably sat
with his back to a tree and his faithful
Winchester laid across his knees.    Bill
ine ciutnpS"Or"80nr~maprB"~irees   smiti uauiningp wno~nau
out the sweep of the horizon which at
the best would have shown as a ragged
fringe of corn stalks. No doubt the no-
inad of the plains would have returned
to thu hunting grounds had it not been
for two largo and restraining circumstances, lie was called homo to assist
in the settlement of his father's estate,
in the divison of the property he found
himself possessed nf a good quarter section. Th«n he married a quarter section owned by the Widow Evans. The
revenues from three hundred and
twenty acres were sufficient guarantee
of a living that would be free from toil
examination, wanted to know what he
did if thero was no tree handy. "Doc"
Clevison volunteered an explanation—
"no tree, no interview."
One name studded most of the narratives—the name of Choctaw Bill. Jim
did not say that ho and Choctaw Bill
had Hlept imder the same blanket every
niglrt for five years, but that such a degree of intimacy existed was to be inferred from the easy and familiar manner in which he made reference tm the
famous scout. As, ior instance, "Whenever I started out on a ticklish job, it
alius made tne easier in mind if I could
dinary unless I'd agree to stay by him
Jim had purchased from a traveling
agent Choctaw Bill's book, sold by subscription only, entitled '(Personal Recollections of Ofe on the Border." He
had made marginal notes all through
the work, mostly corrections. He did
this in no spirit of carping criticism,
but with a friendly desire to make the
book accurate. tfor instance, Choctaw
Bill, in telling ofthe massacre at Butler's
ranch, writes: "The Indians approached from the east just at sunriBe,
in lull paint and feathers, chanting their
battle song." Jim had underlined this
passage, and then written en the mar
gin: "Wrong, Bill; they came from
the west " It was a small point, to be
sure, but why not get everything right
while vouVe about it? So argued James
Tibbetts.
When Jim was not present at the
daily gathering in Talbot's store or on
the store boxes in front, "Doc" Clevison,
the town homoeopath, frequently would
express the conviction that Jim was a
liar. Not an ordinary garbler of facts,
but a collossal liar, all of whose operations were in the realm of pure fiction.
"Doc" Clevison remarked upon the
fact that "Bronco Jim" often told of the
breaking of Indian ponieB that went ten
feet into the air at every buck, and yet
no one in Musselwhite had ever seen
him riding horseback. Jim told of desperate, missions right into the heart of
the hostile territory, and yet the Grand
Army veterans were witness to the fact
of his eating Boap the day before Chan-
cellorsville and being carried to the
hospital groaning audibly. He loved
to tell about hitting a silver dollar two
times out of three at a hundred paces,
and yet when he indulged in target
practice back of Frederick's livery barn
he invariably selected the old door as a
target
"Doc" Clevison had but few ambitions in this life One of them was to
show up "Bronco Jim"—to show him up
to all Musselwhite as a fraud and a
pretender This desire was somewhat
actuated by an intense personal jealousy "Doc" Clevison had a private
stock of narratives. He had killed two
hundred brant and geeee in one day
with a commou muzzle-loader, and he
had landed the largest blue cat ever
taken out of the Kankakee river But
<»what were fishing and hunting stories
When measured alonside the scalpinirs
and tomahawkings? Why should a
companv listen to duck stories when it
could get bf»ar stories from a man who
was willing to remove most of his clothing, if necessary, in order to show the
scars?
On various occasions "Doc" Clevison
had tried to trip up Jim and cover him
with confusion. One evening (again at
Talbofr's store) after Jim had concluded
a story about Rainin-the-Face, "Doc"
Clevis'on looked across at him seriously,
and asked:
"Jim, did vou ever runacmss aSioux
chief by the name of Blue Thunder?"
"Never knew him very well," replied
Jim. "Saw him once or twice in the
Snake River country. I bought, a. huck-
skin ponv once froni Blue Thunder for
eight doflars and afterward solti it to
Cap Dillon for forty."
 iiWhMt-kiiid.of-allookin£r„felLQw_waE
he?" asked' Doc."
"Tall and light complected," said
Jim.   "I think he wuz a half-breed."
and worry.    So, he   moved   into   thehivi Till along, and Bill didn't much
Bank of Montreal
Established 1817
Capital (all paid up),   •
Reserved fund,
Undivided profits,
Head Office,
Ut. Hon. Ktrittliconn nml Mount R«vnl,(',.0 M 0
Hon (i A. Orunmiiiinl, Vlcc-I'ifildeiit
E H ClnuHtiiii. titiural Manager
•   81.VI70.2JO.OO
9.000,000.00
510,081.01
Montreal
l'ri',.|.t(Tit
meditatively at the long line of freight
cars on the siding. He had the appearance of a man who lacked a plan-of campaign.
Fortunately for James Tibbetts he had
a nephew—a ripening attorney with a
local reputation for Bhrewdness and the
deft use of the English language. Some
of his more hopeful friends were predicting that he would develop into a
Beveridge or a Voorhees Homer Tibbetts was at the station to take advantage of the excursion rate. He overheard the gleeful comments of the conspirators and saw the unmistakable
look of gloom on his uncle's1 face, and
understood the situation
All the way to Losrausport "Bronco
Jim" evinced a pensive interest in the
"rowing crops, but was in no mood
for conversation. They arrived at
eleven o'clock, and the show did not
begin until two
At 11:30 the great Choctaw Bill, seated
in his private tent, received the card of
Mr. Homer Tibbetts, attorney-at law.
He suspected that Mr. Tibbetts wanted
two free tickets, but he consented to see
the gentleman.
The future United States senator
seated himself onithe camp stool pointed
out by the remarkable character with
the overflow of hair and eagle eye.
"I'll come right to the point," said
Homer Tibbetts. "Did vou ever know
a man named Jim Tibbetts?"
"Tibbetts'fTibbettB?" repeated Choctaw Bill. "It seems to me that a fellow
by that name used to work on my ranch
in Nebraska."
"He's my Uncle Jim, and he knows
you a good deal better than vou know
him He has talked you up for years,
and he sleeps every night with your
book under liis pillow I don't suppose
that any other man in the United States
has given yon half the free advertising
that you've got out of my Uncle Jim.
We will admit, Mr. Choctaw Bill, that
my uncle is the infernallest liar that
ever drew the breath of life; but he has
been a good liar—a consistent liar, and
in all of his lies you have appeared to
advantage. Well, he's up here today,
and he's got a lot of doubting Thorn
ases with him who expect to bring him
around to see you and thwby show him
up. So I'm appealing to you to be a
good fellow I want you to recognize
him when you see him Call him by
name Recall it few incidents of the
Sioux war, and then offer to give him
a tiiiket to the show. It's all right. He's
got his ticket."
Chtctaw Bill smiled a grim and sympathetic smile
"I never went back on a friend," he
said.
"Uncle Jim is getting on in years,"
continued Homer. "His whole future
as a liar is now in your hands. You
can eave him from disgrace and hu
initiation "
'Give me;'a few pointers," said Choc
taw'Bill, picking up a pad of paper.
While Homer was giving the renowned scout and buffalo-killer a few
hitherto unsuspected facts concerning
his own career "Bronco Jim" was
standing in front of a large billboard,
making a most important discovery.
Hb was gazing at a colored three-sheet
poster of "Choctaw Bill" and
his head doubtful!v.
and came out alone," he said. "I've
fixed it so we can go in to see Choctaw
Bill before the show opens up."
Ashen pale, a helpless thing carried
along in the maelstrom of Fate, "Bronco Jim" approached the private tent of
his old friend and camp mate, Choctaw
Bill.
The flaps of the tent parted, and the
buckskin hero, at aswift signal from the
aftorney-at-law, was holding "Bronco
Jim" by the hand
"Jim Tibbetts, pnt her there!" he exclaimed. "It's good for sore eyes to
see you again. Miles was asking about
you the other day. I told him that
probably you'd run up from Musalwhito
to see ine Vou saved my life more'n
once, and I figured that you'd be here
today if you had to walk'the whole distance "
Jim stood and listened with a ghastly
smile, but "Doc" Clevison and the
others were too much stunned and
blinde I to observe his coniusion.
To this day "Bronco Jim" will sit
apart from the others trying to explain
to himself the miracle. Itis all a vast
mystery to him. Hut he has the satisfaction of knowing that any story he
may choose to tell lias tho hallmark of
authority. Ho waa Identified by Choctaw Bill _ _!___	
OESKKTBO   MINING   CAMPS.
You Bet and Rough and Ready, once
noted Nevada county, California, mining camps, which boasted several tho-
sand inhabitants in the '50s, havo become so depopulated that the postolliees
at those places have* been abolished.
Itwas there that Judges Field, llawley,
Searls and McFurlnnd and Senators
Hearst, Baker and Stewart first attained
prominence.
NOVKI.   WAY   TO  DKY TAILINGS.
The manager of the May Lundy mino
at Lundy, Mono county, Cal!, has
adopted a novel method of drying ore
tailings from the mill'before submitting
them to the cyanide process, says the
ghost of Jim Towusend in the Virginia
Report The cost of getting hay and
feed to the mill is very expensive, and
instead of using horses and plows to
loosen the tailings in the slum pond,
the company has purchased forty head
of hogs and turned them loose in the
pond, scattering feed on the tailings,
and in rooting for the feed, the tailings
are stirred up thoroughly and dry much
quicker than by plowing and harrowing them.
ThcCanada Drug& Book Co., Nelson,
have the krgest   stock   of Christmas
$5 worth
OF OLD MAGAZINES
SENT. TO ANY ADDRESS   FOR-
One Dollar
Address—
The Old Bookstore.
E.   GALLOWAY,
Vancouver, B. C^
Arcade.
Gale's
Barber
Shop
AND BATH ROOMS
The best Tonsorial Establishment in:,,
the Slocan.
Balmoral Bldg,  Main St., Sandon.
e The Strathcona S
IN NELSON, B. C.
shaking
Branched in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain and tlu
fe'nited StateB.
Neuu Denver Branch,
fl. Ui. Strickland
Ai'tlitit i min ner*
STRICTLY FI^ST-CliASS
JjJTHE NEWMARKET HOTEL K
A pleasant substitute for home to thone who travel. It ie
actuated on the. fthore of Lake Blocan, tht mo.*i beautiful
lake in all America. From ita lxttconica ami % indowa tan
bo MK>n the grandest Bcenery on thin continent The internal arrangempnt« of the hotol arc? the reverse to telephone, all the room* Wing plaMered, anil eleetiie WIls at-
tho head of every lw;d make, it easy tor tin? dry iiiouieiil«s In
the mom i tig.
ine bexi and cheap-Mi meal* in the country nre to lie
Koumi tn ihe. tuning room, iiw iiou*e. tn run on eiMinio|*>t-
itan principle*, and the pronator with hit* pack on hia
back ii |u»t imi wcSecmie m the mitUmmm wUhh'i* t\,Yi'io
the bank. Every gue*t receive the bent care and protection
Tbe liquor* art* the bmi in the Ehtem, and the hotel iia*
long been noted for it* thh and game dinner*.
Thia ia the only flint-chum houw in the Lucerne of North
America. On* look at the landlord will eomine-e any
atmnger that the viand* are of flM-ela*.** quality. Rooms
rwiewd by telegraph.
Hear? Stere* Proprietor
New Denver, B.C.
"It'* funnv that you'd remember him
so well,'' said "Due," deliberately, "be-
euz there never wuz any chief of that
name. I thought tlw name out myself."
A painful silence ensued, with "Rron
co Jim" looking  veiy  hard at  "Doc"
Clevison.
"There wuz a chief bv lhat name, an'
I knew him ao well an I know you,"
said Jim; "line he wuzn't a Sioux—ho
wu/ a Brule.1'
How who "Doe" Clevison to demon
strate, being pur upon thu defensive,
that there never had been a chief named
Blue Thunder? The victory lay clearly
with "Bronco Jim."
At last "Doc." CleviHnn'a chance came
Choctaw Bill's Wild Went Show and
Traveling Exposition of Life on the
Plains was hilled to appear at Logans-
port Kxcursiou rates wero heinyi offered on all converging railway lines.
•'IWCIevisou's plan was to take Jim
TililiettH into the presences of Choctaw
HIII and demand verification and cor
rohoraiion. When Jim learned that
Choctaw Bill was lo appear In Logans
poit nud that the Panhandle had made
a round trip rate of $1 50, including a
ticket for the grand stand, he did not
manifest the keen enthusiasm that
might bo expected of one who had the
epportunity to renew hallowed wuu*
elation*.
"Coin'?" asked fill! fltinnln
"Nope—don't believe 1 will," replied
Jim. "lt"» an old story to me. IWsldea
It's a mighty poor Imitation of what we
went through out there. I don't see no
particular fun in nall"pin' around in
front of a lot of women Hiidehildr#n,an*
breakin' glass ballc, nn' so on."
"Won't niwUw BUI be MV.-jiei.'tliijr
you?"nuked "Doe" "He known you
Hv» here, don't be?''
"Last time I saw Bill we had k few
words," aaid Jim; "Nothing very
serious, hut I don't know at I'd car* to
makeup with hint unlew the tint mute
come from him "
"Jim, he'd be tickled to death to nee
vim,"said "Doc." "I'll tell vou what
I'll do l'h pay your war overall take
you inio the aliow If voull agree to go."
"Ill think it over," laid Jim. can
lloii-lv; and that evening, for the first
time in ve«ra, lie seemed disinclined (o
IHI of Choctaw Bill and life in the In
•tinn country.
By ilitilnuinfle (>fr«i*tr>nrp "Doe" induced .Mm to |iromUe lo go to Litgnut
port. But when tin" f*t#fut nti-minir
came, and "Doc" «tepj*d in tn s/et Jim
and escort; bim to the nation, th.-
veteran trapper and aeutit wn* found tn
bo indisfioseti, with n soft ut n dixz*
feelin-jt and * strong amvWttnii that it
tea* hU dutv to remain Ht  Imtni* and
f¥," take ll «-*-v |
'     ~- <ltu     uu.., lllll IV.      ,t,t  ii^tlv-. i    «    j
(•l»'iiMcd"!V>c,"   hitvui^   hurt    on   iin-
back.   "Never wen you kvtkin' better j
Let ir.o eiaintttc you.     Ihe f**n«iM-|
tion thowed that poise and itiu\»t*uii,',
were norma} and Aineitiittiutiimiaii'-AA
.inn  piii on  ins VMiiti'iMjr Mm  io* in .11
walking dream, and permitted Oe?i«*n
to lead him to Ihe station     Jim made,
no outward aign of being hippi.    \..i
even when  he arrived at the station^
Klatform and wa* loudly greeted In I
dl (tunning and Henry TalM andi
H.ijr M'Hrinmann, .llf of tti.-im «t-mi<*tf f"f
it* lo condition of *Jroo*t ht-tet'uMll
iravetv. Thev were nvcrhvei! at th-t
• ro»pvrt n» t-4'ing wstoefw* t^tlM' n.i"".'.
toirif Hr.inco Jim and Chocta* Mill |
J am *n*t*\ af*4rt htm tfce.sw *tol f »/-■!!
'4TDoc,' do you ^now~"what?" "he
asked. "I don't believe this is the real
Choctaw Bill at all. This one that I
seon out West had a knife nnrk down
one side of his face, an' alius wore n
goattee."
"Well, it this one's a fake, you ought
to face, tiitit and tell him "so," said
"Doc" "But I don't believe he is.
Anvway, we'll no out and hunt him up ''
They'loaded "Bronco Jim" on to a
trolley car, and he rndoout to the show
lot, ovo:burdened witk the dull horror
of the impending crisis. Homer Tibbetts wns waiting for them at the main
entrance.
"I tent separated from you down there
Is the leading hotel in Southern British Columbia.
It has ample accommodation for a large number of
guests, and the ideal position it occupies appeals
equally to any traveler as well as the tourist.
Drummers will find large sample rooms aud all the
conveniences of the modern hotel.
Tli«
Hniuloii
+vHouse
M        ROOMS RESERVED BY TELEGRAPH
j^]B. TOMPKINS, Managerjjj
A
a
rt
Uero Ave.,
Slimlllll
Itunnlnir ulnc-c tlm at eat tin-, anil «lway» open.
iiiulilAiiil ilay. Call in win ii >iiii •.nlke the
<ilvt-r Oity Mid a*t» llllcr.
Weal Ticket, $5.50 for $5.00
(). II. MrilllAHll.
Aaent tor InlandCtirarCo..nf Ksml<K>|i«.
A Haircut
That look* good, iH mild
for 50c; idiavi'H for iioc at
ED ANGRIGNON'S
TONSORIAL PARLORS
Brick Hlock    New Denveh
M»iWK*r..f Hmt*>! HAM. \
Winter I
Suitings
Let Iii(di«i'liei' tnalci' a Miit,
for yi»n and y«»n  will never
lie   i-nto-liiti   nun    .timiini
.<-.-.     t.     i .     .,        .   i   A
Ut.        tie   luin   uu    njaiitUL
lil;   iii-* WntiK-  itMik  well,
they   •taw   -n*«:!5.   asiuj tixh
good, i
CORRECT FASHIONS
A visit to our TAILORING EMPORIUM will give you an iden of
prevailing ^tyk'8 for FALL and WINTER Clothing. New line of
SuitingB to select from.    Leave your order now  for a Christinas Huit.
J* /o Lameron, %eco Avet sandon,bx.
Filbert Hotel
BKNNKTT & MUHNIY, Proprietors
The Filbert is now the best hotel in the Sloean.     The Dining Room is
conducted on strietly HrHt-elass principles.   The rooms are
Iftrge. comfortable and properly taken care of.
Ei.i.iDiir LiuiiT, Hor Ant. Moim:uv Pumiunu. Kvr.itvniixii
Ui'-io-Datk.
We Set the  Best Meal in Sandon
Meals :>0e.       Tickets ^7.       Main St., Sandon.
P. BURNS & CO.
Sandon and Elsewhere
In every mining «mnp in Kootenay. this great eoinpnny <>f Men
Dealers lm- established a name thut wiil live as long us the name *Aiho
SliK'au. In Sandon. Manager < Study is ever on the alert lu supply tld-
W*t meats nMiiiniihle. Vou will nl way* liml tlu* U**t Fit-ch and Stilt
Meats; Sail, FretJi and Smoked Fish: Ham, Itaeon, Sau-ages mul Laid.
And when you want I'otiitry in season,  or  feel  Hki-  having a di»h of
Fresh Eastern Oysters
ih
up a -iM-til o\er
tl
ie
phone to "7. Sandon.
■<jy i«yi5t <*>■
» •   ».      ».
*4*l*-ttO**..*^t    ,
Aitttttaw't Ham Tal**r
HEAVY SHOES !
F0R WINTER WEARJ
i
Barr&
Anderson
SHto*,!***   I **t   l!*li*
h-'>ri»«t <r*tw»».   R»{.*.U!
Puriey Ward*
Mit*** ***!»••* » »•;**■"
-.it  L'-lO* .*•*,«*
Sandon.
\te tin- leading I'lutnl* i-■•? Vm». miver.
U'rttr to thriti when anythux u* out ot piutuii.
mwmmmmwm? ■^^^^^^S^^^^MS!^S!!^lS^^iSS^^^^:S&
THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., DECEMBER 24   1903.
Eleventh Year
ROIIM
rood
Chopper
Just the 1111111? for chopping,
miiH-tf moat, fruit, nuts, etc.
K» more trouble with tough
beofsteiks—the chopper will
fix 'em in short order.
FRESH STOOK OF TEAS
Layer Haisins  XtUs, Oranges. lemons, etc.   Biff Stock of -laj) dunces.
J. B. SMITH & CO.
New Denver, B. C.
"MY VALET"
SQUIRE
THE   TAILOR
Over Wallace-Miller block, Baker
St., Nelson. Special yearly contracts for Pressing, Repairing and
Cleaning. Goods called for and
delivered weekly. Tents and awnings made to order.
PALMA ANGRIGNON
General Draying: Mining Sup
plies and Heavy Transportation a Specialty.
Coal & Wood for Sale
Saddle Horses and Pack '.iimais.
Feed Stables at New Denver.
SANDON CARTAGE CO.
Mcl'HERSON & HURLEY
EXPRESS, BAGGAGE & CARTAGE
SANDO.V, B. C.
DELIVERY TO ALL PARTS OF THE CITY
Gold was discovered in California on January 19,1848, at Coloma.
Tungsten ore is said to have been
found by Sieins and Ehrenback,
Kollinsville, Colorado.
Iron is not affected by mercury,
but copper when placed in mercury
will slowly absorb a quantity of
the metal.
In 1873 there were but 7,300
tons of spelter made in tbe United
States, extracted from zinc ores
mined in tbe country.
Pyritic smelting is a process of
smelting applicable to any raw ores
not carrying lead, but especially to
sulphide ores carrying copper.
The Ontario mine at Park City,
Utah, has to date paid $15,000,000
in dividends, the record dividend
payer of the country in silver-lead
mines.
Colorado in 1902 produced $28,-
408,000 in gold and California $10,-
792,100. Colorado retains first
place in gold production, California being second.
The Bement collection of meteorites now displayed in the American
Museum of Natural History, New
York, comprises 500 specimens,
most of them rare.
The monetary commission of
Mexico reports that there aro employed in all the mines of Mexico
98,196 employees, of whom 414 are
women and 5,595 children.
There is but little silver mined
in South Africa. In fact the small
amount of silver produced is extracted from the gold, as all gold carries a percentage of silver.
To date Brazil has added  to the
world's gold wealth one billion dollars.    Gold was first discovered ir.
1577.    Most of the total represents.
the production of placers.
Mexico produced in 1902 60,1.76,-
604 ounces of silver, with a commercial value of $31,893,000. The
United States in 1902 produced 71, ~
477,575 fine ounces of silver, of a
commercial value   of $29,415,000.
Brazil has produced 12,100,000
carats of diamonds,   these   in   the
TOE
SMALL-
CONDENSED ADS.
[Condensed advertisements, suoh aa For Sale
Wanted, Lost, Strayed, Stolen, Births, Deatlm,
Marriages, Personal. Hotels,Legal,Medical,etc,,
are Inserted wlian not exceeding 20 words for
lit cents each insertion. Each live woi-iIb or le*
mr ii words are tlve cents additional.]
tl"
jTntOTU'ni
HOTELS.
ipiiV. KINO'S IIOTKLin Fcrwson is a olieer-
1 fill )min.- for all travelers to the Lardeau.
JAMES CUMMINGS, Pr-ijirlelor.
'pitl'-SrONT HOUSK, NELSON      Kurnpeiin
I    mid AiiiiTli'iin ni«"    *' - ■■'■    ■-   "
and American plan,  Meals
frfiin J'c up tu *j.   Only whlti
I'fji-wits. Rooms
. .  . ..,    .--ni..   mm.' help luimluyeil.
Nutlilni; yellow aliout the place exempt the .Told
'■• MAl.i).VE\fTltrcitIIJ,U"S.
In the -afV
MADDKN HUPSK, NKI.SON, is conti-M.lly
lucatttl and lit hy electricity . It is head
quarters f"r luuristsninl uld Miners Miners
iirilll.iiiiilr«» ar-.- ••iiunlh' welcome,
MAIiDK.V Proprietor.
THOS
'pilK ltOVAI. IIOTKL, Nelson, ls noted for
■*•   tliueu-tllenceof lisculMne.  SOI. JUHNS.
proprietor*
BAim.KTT HMIISJS
is tho best ,-i a day In.
while help employed, (.
pro iri'-tnr.
t\*lll>. MA/K, in KASI.il.  is  just, III
1     for Sloe,i '    "
formerly tlm Chirk
md In Nelson,    Onlv
<*»    W.  HAKT1.I0TT
s  ju
win
place
dry or In
.in  people  to lind
ntvli of a doivnv cuiicli,
HKIM'EU & LATHAM
WATOHE9,
IN.
I    (!.    MKt.VI
'I.    Kxtiert  Wat
and Kuumvin-.   I     ,.,„,*•  ,.„in,*>*
^iii( Rln.'s Worl(iii>iii»lnp i.'ii'ii-iintni| I'liu-il in
iny In ('iiuiida. Oritur* lt.v inilliMieiicd. Hn\
.'M, S-iihIiiii
MiiniifiieliiriiiL'   Jeweller
..    eh RnpalMir, Illinium! Se'ler
and Kui-'ravei-.   MaiiiifneMircs Chains  I.oclie-s
SECRET  SOCIETIES
SILVER CITY LODGE NO.-39
l.O.O.F.
SAKlViN. P. C.
Meetlnps in the Union Hall everv Friday eve-
nliit; at 7:30 VIsIUiik brethren cordially invited
to att-nd Dan UntLKY, Noble Urand; J. E.
LovKltiXd, Vice Grand; J.\s. 11. Tllu.Misos,
Secretary.
■ ■   ■ (CKEi  rtit
•i'.t
Al.TA IiODfiE NO.
HANlwN, H. C
RfiRiilar Cniiiiiiiiiilciitl ni held the tirst Thursday m each month In Masonic Hall at 8 p. " .
Sojiiunilni!-brethren are eordially invited tout
tend    .IamiH.M   HaIitiiN, Secreta v.
Sandon Lodge Ko, 24,
K. OF P.
Meet" every Wednesday evening at K o'clock
in the I'ytlihiti (iaslle Hull. Sandon Sojoiirninu
biethreii will receive n I'vthiiin weleonie. H.
II. (iOllllfiN.O.O.    Al.l-llKli J. HAM.-K. K. &K.
BURVEYOB.
roiis m<i..\t<:iiik,
A   vlnclul Land Surveyor.
Dominion and
Nelson, H. 0.
ii.
H   HEYLAND, Eninneor hiiiI I'rovlncial
liiiml Surveyor.   KASI.O
SANITARIUM.
ITAI.OVON HOT Sl'KINOH K.NITAH.
I I I UM. The most complete M r * I TII
ni the Continent of North Ameri- n CAL I II
Wholesale   Mox*eh.ixrj.t.s.
STAItKKV * TO.,   WHOLES \ I, K HEAL
er. In lliit'i-r,  Kir-s, ("Iim «c.  1'ioiliiee mid
Fi nit, Vols hi, II O.
I-iEvT-AIj.
F.
M
t,.  IMIhl*4TIK, '.. ?.. H-. Hirrl-vr
lleltor. Votary I'ublli".    V.-incmtv. r
SO-
II O.
I.. OttlMMKTT. f..  I,.
V ,n.,|t,tr V,,!,,,.   l'„l,||,,
i.*. i\t*..,. *,• v..,,. iv , . ,
M.,
IbirrUter,
"Ion. II.C
tM-div
*0tiist*Ml midst seeiierv un- D C 0 H D T
rivalled for nrmdeiir. llo.ttlnir. n CO U 11 I
Pinhlni; ai"l Kucnrslims to the jr.any polnlsol
InUti.s. TiV-^r.ii-lili- < i,-;i*ii-.iinli-i»ll-'»- "dtU u'l
flirts of tbe world: two malls arrive and depart
iverv day Its bathes cinv nil nervous and
wuiMiliir illneitn't; lis wntors heal all Klilrev
Llvnr soil Stomach Ailment* of every mum-.
I'he nrice of a round-trip ticket Is-twien
V»w Denv«r snd Halcyon, obtainable all tbe
ymir round nnd ito*Ml for .i'i day-,, Is »,1 SV Hal-
cyoii siirlnus, Arrow l.uk<-, It <'.
HOTELS
■THK   HII.VKH
I    near W nr«
.Alt   A
I SI
DAV
K|\i;   lliu I I,, III
. V.Uoh. II !„   THK
HOUSK.
U'l-St .
Itlll.-
Tili: IloTi;i- ri:in;r*«ov l< tin
1     -.'   ,  -i: |,> ,, 1,   nli* i* ll •■■-.    if-    lo
M('|hiNN;KIi«e Itl.At'K, I'roprirtois.
Iioilii-   ol
rough having a valuation of about
.$100,000,000. • Diamonds were
first found in Brazil in 174G. Of late
years her production of diamonds
does not exceed 15,000 annually.
The Mollie Gibson mine at; Aspen, Colorado, now practically
abandoned, was in its day one of
the greatest silver mines in the
United States, it having paid almost $3,500,000 to its stockholders.
At one time its stock sold at §11.50
per Bhare.
The original partners owning the
Bessemer patents for the manufacture of Bessemer steel, received 81
times their capital in 14 years.
Bessemer's royalties produced for
him no less than $2,500,000 yearly
eight years a fter his great discovery.
The term mesh, as u.red in wire
cloth, means the number of openings per lineal foot, measured from
center to center of wire. Thus,
four-mesh. No. 12 wire implies four
openings to the lineal inch, or IG
openings to the square inch, and
the size of wire No. 12.
Slimes is that portion of the
•rushed ore that, mixed with water, is so impalpable, it floats away.
At times slimes contain quite considerable gold and consequently
slimes are saved by the water being led to settling tanks or ponds.
The slimes are then precipitated,
gathered and treated again.
While the Standard Oil company
asserts that thf supply of oil is decreasing, the Geological Survey reports that in 1902 the production
was 80,000,000 barrels in this
country, an increase of 11,000,000
barrels over the preceding year.
The big gold dredge on the Moreno, Colfax county, New Mexico,
which cost §100,000 for construction, earns for her owners §100,000
l)er year, the cost of operation being 850,000 per year. Of the expenses of operation it is said that
the fuel costs 810,000 a year.
Graphite occurs at a mini her of
places in the. United Hates, and in
quantity sufficient to warrant exploitation in New York, South Dakota, Khode island. Wisconsin,
and Pennsylvania, The deposits
in and near Ticonderoga, New
York, have been worked for a number of years, these mines being the
best in the country. A good grade
of graphite commands a good mar-
ket. particularly if it be found near
transportation and
ters.
industrial  cen-
Merry Xmas
to all
and A Happy
New Year
NOTICE.
We wish to thank our many friends for their
liberal patronage of the past year, and we take
this opportunity of extending to yon the Happy
Season's Greetings; and wishing you, one and all, health, wealth and
happiness for nineteen-aught-four.
W. R. Tli
!gaws
>andc n and Vereoe,
Love   in   Nelson.
This picture represents a nightly
scene iu Nelson and shows that the
old story is ever new. The young
man is happy because his best girl
fans the-delicately perfumed atmosphere, while he sits serenely, well
knowing that his immaculate shirt
bosom was done up at the
Kootenaj Steam Laundry
and will not )reak even if the situation becomes critical.
Fahrenheit, as it was demonstrated
that raising the temperature did
not materially save fuel. However, it is deemed that smelting
with a cold blast the low grade refractory ore of this section would
be out of the question, because the
extra consumption of coke would
make the operation expenses prohibitive, and because the lead and
arsenic, which are burnt out in the
present operations, would be retained in the matte, making it less
marketable.
Tw  q
urfW'.eo As TC.G
iUltO ,'P
I'M'ntemiv,   MlTi'ltKi.i. *
I lUK'l'.IOf.-      1    .'■•|,t,, |l.-|,.T*   I"
Mint ... IL- ,-,-rii...     Moo.,., -,.   r.  ,i
Ui:   imrti'\ wi \   ihiti i, i *<ii -... . .t»i
itlol Ibe )»•<» In lb" l.nrlo     li *lil he,lie|>
... lion,.- l.'I.VIN KTU>.
Mint .,. (i.-
I,nt< lir *iilt*
I" i;
CO.
i!-:
I T
Kirn
.im,*
'|MM     1(1
I      I.,-*,,,.
Kl'S'i   Hii| II. ||,   Ti ot
.li* to i*  oil.'   d*ii| *n f r ' ! -i-t.'.
lllll AHA MSi in lll.-iis
I.in.-
NOTARY FUEIL/ra.
<V '■■'-■"•"■'•••■•■ ■■"
v-iniiv I'lHI.li
ti','*:'-'* 1.1    »,u
It    «|    I'**,,*..    •        I    t1l,i,-".lft;\,U
t**[,r<  »,* I u,*| frown .itinli-i
DEMTISTRY,
i; ^N
I i*   ■!
\ ys
'-'iiii-
li.l,   HAllHV   \  *'■«<.
rt.ioi- it nd N"i ■«■««' if"-
A'lwii-'.tti.
ii» .mil ni*. ;i"
■ .did*
et.   il"
' ell lit
■i|illi'.-.l
11'in,
]>U.._MrM,OY.
H'tss|,\N|i,
  H«'.
Ils« hi'l IT «««r* -»»|K'ri.*iK-e i.i dc-i'M -*,irk. nn
tim\,,tta **.!itt) -,f (»..t,l IH-lk'.- Work. Vi«
in«d' t 'tie >«l <esit rrkftiWiflv
| ^y back
» Mm numbers
or LOWEitYS CLAIM
(each one ditl'iTenO nvi.
tvut to uny lut^ro^s for
Carbonado or cation was first
found in Brazil in 1845. It is a
form of ciubon closely related to
the diamond and occurs in small
irregular crystalline masses of a
dark gray or black color. A few
extraordinarily large, specimens
have been found. The carbon's
density is nor as great as the diamond, but it is very iiiucli harder
and is understood to he the hardest
known min.'ial, thus its use for
cutting rock in core dulls. Pie-
sent prices of cstboiis range froiii
840 to S00 per carat. \\ ben first
discovered tliey sold for 25 cents
per carat uiul were considered of no
particular value.
Amber is not iv mineral. Tt is a
vegetable gum. It occurs mainly
along the lUKic coast. It is found
associated with iniiieralized wood
underneath a covering of sand and
clay that in places is 50 feet deep.
Amber is found in rounded or sta-
lactitic Jorum, with sulphate of iron.
Along the Jlaltic arc nally mines
of amber. The amber bearing du-
posits taiy in thickness and the
quantity found varies considerably.
Dredging and diving is sometimes
resorted to. Musses of amber are
picked up along the south shore of
the Haltic after heavy storms. Amber in 'iIm crude state it sells fur v-»
per pound.
The Tennessee ('of per company,
operating mines in l»ucklown,Ten-
ncKsec, is producing 100,0(1(1 pound.*
of copper monthly and which is laid
down in New York at  a  cost   of
eight ami one-half cents per pound.
The company Ikih been experimenting with   the   pyritic   process   of
t-inelting and has equipped otic of
! its three furnaces for this method.
j So successful hits been   the pyritic
', >-;Yft«'M, thut th" ciiinptuiy proposes
' eliftuging  it*   remaining   furnaces
] and installing a fourth.    The company is in position to produce during the coining year fully   is.oud,*-
,01)11 pounds of copper.    Tite  mines
! liave attained a depth of   400   feet
i ,-MHl \\i.iK    is   pro^ii-MMiig    ui    ute
i lIUUil-li  il'it'i llei'li   Willi.       Ilil-   piu|«ii-
i ty is eolillollcil liy the   Lewi.-oliiis.
I
MKKGEK   IN    MINKS.
A new era in the annals of Lardeau mining district of 13. (7 is in
augural ed through the organization
of the Kootenay Consolidated Alining i ompuny of B. C. Limited,
with headquarters at .Minneapolis,
says the Kossland Miner. The corporation is a merger of half a dozen
well known Lardeau gold-silver-
lead mines, and ranks with the
most important inining deals in the
province. It is easily the biggest-
merger ever put through in the
Lardea^-Daiuan country, and has
within it potentialities of the greatest importance to the whole, district.
Judge J. m Miller has been instrumental in putting through the
Ilea,]'.   ~~~      ~~~~   ~"    ""*** "
The Kootenay Consolidated merges the following Lardeau   properties: old Gold, Primrose, Mountain J
Lion, Treadwell,   Black    Warrior,)
Lardeau-Dimcan, Guinea Gold ;.x-i
tension,   Spring    Group,      ilvery
Moon,. Comstock, nio Grande, Bai-j
timo re and Amazon.    The Uld Gold
and Primrose have already shipped
ore giving returns of over $100 per
ton, and a large tonnage is   stored
at the  mine   awaiting   shipment.
The Black Warrior, Mountain Lion
and Treadwell have   considerable
ore bodies blocked out and  ore   in
transit to the   smelter.     The  remaining properties   have   remarkable   surface    showing,   requiring
only judicious development to make
them important shippers.
Minneapolis capitalists arc behind the. merger, among the men
thus interested being T)r. 0. S.
Dudley, Colonel 11. L. u'cher, II.
--. Dudly and M. C. Miller. All
are experienced mining investors,
having interests in Colorado, Nevada and California. After
thorough examination of the Lur-
dean-Duncan properties just merged*, the Minneapolis people pronounced thein equal to any of their
holdings in the states specified.
HTIQUBTTK   IN   MKXIOO.
Children kiss the hands of their
parents.
The hostess is served first at a
Mexican table,
The bridegroom purchases the
bride's trousseau.
Female friends kiss on both cheeks
when greeting or taking leave.
Gentlemen speak first when passing lady acquaintances on the
streets.
The sofa is the seat of honor, ami
a guest waits to be invited to occupy it.
Men and women in the same social circle call each other by their
first names. y
AVhen you move into a new locality it is your duty to make the
first neighborhood call.
Young ladies never reeeive calls
from young men, and are not escorted to entertainments by them.
Dinner calls are not customary,
bin upon rising from the table the
guest thanks his host for the entertainment.. °
Mexican gentlemen remove their
hats as scrupulously upon entering
a business ollice as in a private
residence.
Thirty days after date I intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Lauds and works at Victoria, for a Special License to cut and curry a-
way timber from the following descri eu tracts
of land, situate on Wilson Creek, in West Kootenay District.
FIRST   LOCATION.
First commencing at a post planted on the
North side of thethirdeast fork of Wilson Creek,
about four Miles from tlw main Creek, thence
North 40 chains, thence East 130 chains, thence
South 40 chains, theune West leOehains, to point
of commencement.
Located November 12th, 1903. '
Mrs. S. Pxestlcy.
SECOND   LOCATION.
Situated on Wilson Creek in West Kootenay
District. Commencing at a post planted on the
East side of second West fork of Wilson Creek,
about 7 miles from the main Cihek.maiKed Mrs.
S Presley's S. E.C., thence west 40 chains, thence
north W0 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence
south 100 chains to point of commencement.
Located November loth, 190:>.
Mrs.S. Prestley.
NOTICE.
TO DELINQUEN C CO-OWNER.
To H. EUMMELEN, or to whomsoever he mny
have triiiiHfcm-d his   iuti-icst   in tho Soho
mineral claim, situated in the   McGuigan
lia>in, ShuanMi mp Division, West Kootenay Mining Division
\r0U are heieby notified tlmt I have expended
1    *102.f)0 in labor and improvements upon the
above mentioned mineral claini under the provisions of the, .Mineral Act, and if. within so days
from the'.daie ol this notice you fail or refuse to
contribute    your   m-oportion-  of   tho   above
mentioned sum, wliich 18  now  due,   together
with    all     costs    of    advertising,   your   interest,, In   the   said    claim will   become the
property of the undersigned under Section 4 of
the "Mineral Act Amendment Act W00."
Kaslo. B. C, October 15.1903.
J C.RYaN.
NOTICE.
-Br-ffiEGERffi-
Staple and Fancy
GROCERIES
Agent for
CANDLES
GIANT POWDER
TO DELINQUENT CO-OWNERS.
Pj THOMAS M. RAE,  or to whomsoever lie
ciuy have transfercd his interest In the Royal
Five, Lake View, and Jennie mineral claims,
situated on Goat Mountain. Si can Mining
Division, West Kootenay District     „
yOU are hereby notltlcd that we have expended
I    i-WS.OOin hilior. improvements and f-urvey,
upon the above uaincd mineral c aivis, under
■ lie provision ol the Mineral Act. and If, within
.Hi days from thedate of this notice, you fail or
refuse to contribute your proportion of the above-
.neniiomd sunt, wliich is now due and payable,'
together with till costs of advertising, your in
rerest In the said claims will become the property ofthe. undersigned under sc-tiuii 4 of the
Mineral Act Amendment Ael. 1!KH>.
EIiW'DHUNT,
duncan d macdonald,
dan j. mathkson.
Vancouver, 11. C. Sept, 10th. lVHU.
FOR SALE.
(Mid of tlie Prettiest Places In Kootenay
Tli Xew Denver Market Garden.Sixth Street.
Sivventy fruit trees, nearly all bearing; allkimls
small fruits. *t raw berries, raspberries, goose
lierricx,red currentx, etc. Flower garden with
choice varieties of roses and other plan's lor
cutting—good,market. All under thorough cul
tivatloii, aril perfectly Irrigated, wilh ci uif< rt-
al»lo dwelling hi-use." woodshed. ston;|c.om and
out buildings. For further particulars applv to
WM. ANDERSON. X- w Denver, H C.
CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS
FI.OKENCE   Mineral   Claim.
Situate In tbe Sloean Mining Division ol West
Kootenay District. Where located: On
Goat .Mountain, north ol "Tuni ."'
rrASvE^oTlGE^hat-MIerherMllJliWRg^a^
■a- agent f'r Thomas W. Fitzgerald, fne
miner'A certiticate No. B li'.tfli'J, Noah K* McNaught. irec miner's et-rtliicnte No. B, 01..SHT,
ami William K Will, free, miner's certilicnte No,
ll (11-104. intend.sixty ilaystroin the date hereof, to
upply to the Mining Recorder for a Certiticate ol
Improvements, for the purpoau of obtaining a
Crown Grant ofthe above claim.
And further take notice thut action, under
Suction .17, must lie etminenced before the issuance of such Certificate ot Improvements.
Dated this 3d day of IVccmlier. A. D. 1903
HEIU1EM'T.TWH-U.
DUM   OHM  FRACTION Al. Mineral Claini
.UNSWOHTH
SANIl'lN
HOTEL SLOGAN
A inline that in familiar
to old-
Three
it   wns
Why  l'aradise
First *\Vt>iniiii:
with von!"    The
hy A-dam siuht!"
was lost.—The
"I'll net Evu'n
First Man: "Not
Capitalists can procure a working
hond upon an excellent silver property hy sending their address to
liox'l.vi, NelHin, H. ».«.
The ("aii.-ulii I>riijr and Kmjy Co ,
Ncl-un, j.iiy utriil ittteutloii to tnnil
onlern
A BOUQUET FROM
THE MINERAL^U
KINGDOM S-dml-H^f viu'.'r-
l^','ii|-/.liic<iii-*<of tlii>H|(N'»ii. I nun niiiii'* lu llu-
\ft-|iill> d N<<* l>«>ii»«-r. Kiu-I'i (J cii.t« on
lur-.'.- pl'-cc -ii ii'il'iti" ii iii.-r H-i'lghl) lur if'ii-ci.t*
\V It, MI'h Hl-'l,i„ Ml..... d liVsl K-tu.
Xi-w |i. nv. r. It V.. Pei' !'. l!»n
*,-.,*        .     ,   •  *, 9
*r9*r tiff, i ,t T t 'T^
I   ijtj t VjU »J»i
Miners as the name of
Forks—familiar because
then1 in days of boom ami in ilnye
of (lepref-mioii that tliey enjoyed
tli» hospitality of the ireiiial pro-
in u'tnr, ami paitonk of the
iiosti'cHs'hoiiiiiifiil table The Manic
<• "inliiions prevail today that
have won for tin* house itH envi
ahle reputation and the iinme of
il-* proprietor is—
HUGH NIVEN
It has lately heen renovated
throughout, and is ilrst-elnss
in everything.
Cnadbourac & McLaren
SAMPLING AGENTS
Ore shipjM'd to Nelson will he care
lullv looked alter.
NELSON.    * -      •      -      B. C
Canadian
Change in Train
Service on
Nakusp and
Slocan Section
Situate in the Slocan Mluluc Division of
Went lionte.iay District. Where locale."
On 1'ayne Mnuiitiiln, ^oiitliof 'HiuTiinl'er."
'PAKK XOTICK Hi.it I, ]leiliertT.TMi,l^it, tree
I miners' cettllicate No. H il*i:)'.«, tnlend.
sixty days from the ilalc hereul I. ar-
lily to tll'e Minlliu' l\'e.'o|tler lorn Ccrtllicati of
lin|irovciiii>uts fur the imrpi.Ke ol ol.tiiiniu^ i*
I'rown (iriint of lh"' iilxive clnlm.
And further ttikit notice tlmt action, under wc-
tion .'17,11111x1- he enmmencoil hefore the iw>tiHiici
of cneli (,'erlltii'iite of Ini|ia-(iveinenln
liutcd this l'.uhda.v of NevcmlHir, A, 1) l!Kia
CI.AKA   MOOK   Mineral Claim,
Sltiuiti) In theSt.ieiin Miniiur liivihlon of Went
Kootenuy    District.        Where     hu-Kted:
On Ool.t Ci.'.lt.  ulii'iit  one-half mile from
Slocau Lake
rwi,\ KK NOTICK., that I, A. II Klmrlnml. KM,
SL   (,; No, Illinois,Inti'iid. i'.i'dny* In in llie date
hereof,  to itjiiily  In the -Mlninn It.-curdi-r Kr
n e>'rtitieatcoi'ini|ir..vi'nn'nl.*>, lor the juiiih-st- ul
nljinliilni.' a crown  ftvaiit of the ahuve cliiini.
And furllii'i' talie nitiee I lint action under See.
U7 imiHt Ik. cniumi'invd Uilnre llie Isnuaiii-i- «..| mii-1,
ci'illlieati'nf IniiirnvniieiiiH.
Dated thiH ajnd dny ol (iiioher A U. lims.
A   U.  KlNtU.AKH.
K0OTKNAY HAIKWAY * NAVKJA-
TION COMPANY, LIMITED.
OPKttATINO    ,
INTKHNATIONAL NAVIGATION &
TUA!)1N(J t:OMI»ANY  I.IMITKD
KAShO & SLOGAN RAILWAY.
n-.oo ii m. Lv.   KASLO An. 11:15 p m.
lli'25 a. ni. An. SANDON Lv. 1:00 p. m.
INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION &
TRADING COMPANY, LIMITK1).
KASLO-NF.LSON IIOIITK.
f,:00 a. in. Lv. NKLSON Au. 7:U> p. tn.
Silt) «. in. All. KASLO Lv. H:HHp. m.
Tieki'ln Hold d> all imrlH oi the United
RtaU's nnd Cniinda via Great Northern
AinlO. U & N O'lnpunyVw lines.
ipYor further pfiftlculum eall on or nd-
Miiiiii",' Hejiorter
Val Verde smelter,
Ownoral    Storo,
t   T. Kr.l.T.V.   THIIFK
*1,   I;,,.    ....   Ttr. O .>►.!«.
yr4 kit otrr if,** slontti.
FO«K>.
I-'.'.- .    U
l|>*«|.r|.
.'- -.tSi *
R. T. Lowerj'
$i
■ay* that at the!
Yavapni eoun-j
i 'I ■■'* ,   .ViiMfim,   iii'inii'   iuv  'null i»i,-..-*«*    i,-,
• employed iu smelting, the matting|
i fiirniK'c has <i|Hiated for 11 mouthsi
! of the year tin .r» per eent eoke in i
the charge.    For several days- the
eoke roiiHumptiou ran low ns A  jw»r
i eiil in iio « UiVi'ge, ^liieh iii».i«-ivtvA!
\ ni pretty general utilization  of th«^
sulphur hi the ore. I Ids in done
: hy means of a hot I .last that dow*
I not teach ahove 4(>ij or UJA dt-gnes
Provincial Land Surveyor
iiii,fin t,iftn ,''...*.*. '.tt,, "■ '*.*.,' •   ■■• •.. ;>'■"•
and Crown Granteil.
l». t, ll,* V.l Oftic : Ko .t. ii ly St., NVUoti.
COLIN   J.   CAMPBELL
ASSAYER
p.o.box ae NEW DENVER.
V 1»llll(lf-|H tUH .*********'* I   l->,..,   t.t*
iulUiiu^.^iii^i^nUihA^iTSorh
TraiitH will It'Hvt'Mitd aniveatNcl-
"•■1I.H to* lii'ii'H't<i.|f*iniv, tW cHarg<» In.
time heing hetween Sandon ami
Xakiivp. Folluuitig in the new
iHciii'tltile:
l(. ».| |> .Wl.
TlICo
Tlmr
S-.it   . 	
""* is i'ia" v.i7Ti".mi"
*■!*,']        l'hr.v FVirkt
* V, ]       Almm
' l ■ l> '.  .   i-.'m'u
'■•.*"   Ar Ho- ttty l,v
"TiT"'"j J,'v"ViTT«"Ti, "        K'JVii'Ai
11 I.l \r tin. I. iy   __    lo i »•»••»-
l'v*.>|"«.v"liiU« Ar't'ti*"'
Mi.II
W..1
Kri
" <*y,'"
»*,,
* .*.*.
>i»i
Ar.
Ht.Mll l"|.
Tmul Moi.
Thur I \V.-,i
' i.'i.i'r
I', Vi
v, i:
i ■*..'..
\V
Krl
"17I*.
I<i..'i«.
|.;...\
I-- ■.'
j;.».
"V^.i'
|<.,m
UnRKKT IRVING. Man«t-pr. Kudo,
HENRY'S NURSiES
RHODODEHDHOHS,
FRUIT & ORHMEHTAL TREES
BEE HIVES m SUPPLIES
M. J. IIENliY,
»•» \Ve«imlii*1«.r Rfuit V*»n«**ii"t*»r, il, C
WHITKI.AIIOIJONI.Y
%%%%%%%%%%%% -vt
I
11" '-t
Jll*»*>
IKnmnilt
At X»Hiu«j.
i.t
rWADDS BROS
\ PH0Tf>nWAPHEW9
VANCOUVtft .-• NCL60N, B
J

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