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The Ledge Mar 23, 1899

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 Volume VI.   No. 25.
NEW DENVER, B. C, MARCH 23, 1899
Price, $2 00 Year
SL06AN GA/HP NEWS |
bOCAT.
>jru\s____s
CHIT-CHAT
I
body  or
EVAXS
KKCOVKBK1).
SLOCAN    THK    RrOHKST,
take orders in
held in   Bosun
Travelling tailors still
tho, Slocan.
A social dance will  be
hall to-night.
Gorman West is running* a restaurant
in Greenwood.
E. Rammelmeyer, of the Emily Edith,
is seeking health' in California.
L. 0. Lane, the Sandon packer, has
extended his business to Silverton.
Dr. Milloy will return to Sandon next
week and attend to dental business.
.lap King* is developing some gold
properties "upon the Colville reservation.
, Dave Bremner and John McMillan
left Skagway a few days ago for Atlin
lake.
James Wiggington returned from the
Boundary. He intends to locate at
•Greenwood.
The K. of P. "At Home," next Thursday evening, gives promise of being an
enjoyable affair.
The sun crossed the equator on Monday and the annual equinoxial weather
is making life disagreeable.
Rev. Cleland, of Sandon, will hold
services in the Presbyterian church
Sunday morning at 11 o'clock. '[
Grand Chancellor James Haddow, of
Nanaimo, will officially visit the local K.
of P. lodge on Wednesday next.
Lumber is on the ground for the
Anglican church to be erected on Seventh
street, and work has been started.
A bank president visited Silverton and
Slocan City this week, and we anticipate
the usual report of another branch or two
i The assertion, so weird and desolate,
and that bears with it thoughts of a
grave in icy,unknown depths, that Slocan
lake gives ru-t up its dead, will no longer
hold good; The firBt body of anyone
drowned in its waters has floated ashore
and been recovered, and the remains of
Jack Evans are now at, rest in the silent
grave at Nelson. Evans, it will be remembered, was a deckhand on tlie
steamer Slocan and on the night of Jan.
20th, while engaged about the boat, he
walked overboard and was drowned.
No thought was given to the possibility
of ever recovering his body, but on Monday evening, it was found floating near
the shore at Roseoery, and was recovered by the boat officials and taken to
Nelson Tuesday for burial.
Evans was a native of Maine. He was
a desolate spirit, and upon being rescued
by the deckhands when he fell overboard
upon another occasion at Silverton some
weeks prior to  his drowning, he cursed
his rescuers and asked, "Why in he
was not allowed to go."
This is the first body that has ever
been recovered from the lake. Though
long and persistent searches were made
for the bodies of other unfortunates who
lost their lives in the icy water at various
times in the past seven years, they were
never seen again after sinking below the j
surface. ■ !
The. Slocan is undoubtedly the richest
mining division   in the Province, and
for investment pure and simple, stocks
in the standard mines of this camp are
the safest investment that offer at present to  an  intending   purchaser.   The
recent strikes in  the Queen Bess, Vulture, Slocan Star, Reco, Treasure Vault
and Noble   Five   prove   tliat  the   ore
bodies in the Slocan have only begun to
show their '.richness and continuity, and
there is not a property iu this division,
which, with fairly intelligent treatment
can fail   to   become a dividend payer
There has been  a slump lately  in"the
Dardanelles   stock, but this   was due
more to extraneous dealings  amongst
the big* stockholders, than to the conditions of the mine itself, which at present
is nearer to being on a dividend paying
basis than  for some time previously.
Buyers cannot make a mistake if they
purchase   the  Slocan   stocks of those
properties  which  are held   by strong
companies, or to be more explicit, by
those companies whose largest stockholders until  the mine   gives them  a.
return in the shape of dividends.   The
Ivanhoe, owned by the Minnesoto Silver j
Mines Company,' has so much  ore in
sight that the owners have decided to |
put up a mill and  tramway,   and this I
property will soon be one of the big j
shippers of   British Columbia.    As it is j
owned by a close corporation  however,
the investing public will not have an
opportunity of profiting by its richness
— Nelson Economist.
SAJ1PHSG    WOKKS    AT   NELSON'.
NAKUSP.
bout to be established on the lake.
a
Joseph Brandon lias bought N. F.
MeNaught's interest in the Corncracker
and Fairhaven. These claims are
above the Bosun and development upon
.them will be resumed immediately.
Services will be held in the Methodist
church next Sunday at 11 a.m. and 7:15
p.m. Everybody welcome. R.N.Powell.
Morning subject, "Ordered into Active
Service;" evening subject, "Why are
there so Few Conversions?"
1 W. C. Husband has been appointed
manager of the Halycon Hot Springs
Hotel." Hub will soon become popular
with the western people. He is genial,
to a finish, and understands human nature clear through the.entire formation.
Mr. James O'Neil, for the last seven
years clerk in Mr. John Paisley's grocery
store, left on Monday night for New
Denver, B.C. Mr. O'Neil is one of our
popular young men, and of the class we
very much dislike to see leaving our
midst.—Napanee Beaver.
A large number of the K. of P. brethren attended the anniversary church
•service of th« local lodge Sunday morning from Sandon lodge. Membersof the
Uniform Rank were present in full dress
and in the march to and from church
they presented a very creditable appear-
.ance. <:■    _
SLOCAN    MINERAL    FLOAT.
Mr.  Hugh   McCutcheon,   collector of
customs atNakusp, was in Rossland the
other  day  on  a business   trip.    When
seen   by   a   Record   representative   he
stated that a syndicate formed in Toronto
has bought up the two hot water mineral
springs back of the  town,  and will put.
up a $50,000 sanitarium, with all modern
improvements and accommodations. The
buildings  will,  when  completed, make
quite a village in  themselves,  as beside
the main hotel and sanitorium buildings
there will  be  12  separate   cottages for'
guests, also houses for the officials of the j
company, stable, etc.    The  location has !
been selected directly  back of the town
on the flat at  the  foot of the mountain,
and a driveway is  now  completed to it!
The company will  also  have an electric
power and light plant of sufficient capacity to furnish the city with electriclights.
A  lime quarry is now  being opened
within a few  miles of   town,   td»supply
lime to the Trail smelter.
Nakusp is situated about80 miles from
the Canadian Pacific Railway main line,
and at the terminus of the Nakusp &|
Slocan Railway on Arrow lake, where j
two steamers connect daily with the rail-'
road. There is both a bonded customs j
and inland revenue warehouse; there is j
also a large wholesale grocery store. As
a summer and health resort it cannot be
beaten. Mountain trout are in every
stream and large and small game can be
found any and everywhere. There is
good boating on the lake. There is to
be a grand ball on April 3rd, which will
be the social event of the season.
G. M. McDowell, who intends to erect
sampling works at Nelson, had a conference with leading officials of, the C.P.R.
with regard to his request for. a grant of
a portion of the C. P. R. right of way to
enable him to construct his plant.    The
two  parties  came  to an agreement  by
which Mr. McDowell is given a 80 years'
lease of a portion, of  the right of way on
condition that  the  buildings.be  begun
within   three   months   and   completed
within   six.    The   buildings, which will
be on the lake shore just inside the city
limits, will be constructed  22  feet from
the centre of the tract and will have 100 I
feet frontage with 50 feet of depth.    The j
major part of the buildings will be on the j
foreshore of the lake and will be built on
piles.    The outermost piles will be 75
feet in  length.   The site chosen is just
where the rights of way of the Nelson &
Fort Sheppard and C P. railways join,
and it is expected that the two lines will
be connected by a neutral switch.  Until
this is effected the  former road will get
access to the works bym^ans of atrestle.
The necessary plans have been drawn by
C. W.   McArthur,   formerly  of  Denver,
Col., and the machinery has been ordered from the machine company of Quebec.
.'FLOAT OF ("KNERAI. INTEREST.
In 1.8f>7 in the Rand, South Africa,
g-old district, there were in operation
4,075 stamps: in 1898, 5,012; the tonnage crushed in 1807 was 5,3*25,355—
about 4J tons per stamp per day. As in
the United States, the tendency is to
increase the capacity per stamp. In the
past ten vears that district has vielded
8320,000.000 in gold.
At Windsor Castle, on one occasion,
theGiiardsBand wag playing out on the
terrace during dejeuner, and the Queen
was so much struck by one pretty inarch
tune that she desired one of the Maids
of Honor to go and ascertain what it
was called., The classic features of that
high bom damsel were suffused with
blushes as she returned and made answer : "'Come Where the '-Booze .'is
Cheaper,' Your Majesty !'1
Robbie had longed for a baby brother
and a pair of white rabbits. The answer
to both wishes came on the same morning but it was not quite satisfactory, for
there were two baby brothers and only
one rabbit. Robbie was greatly disgusted at the mistake The next day
his father found the following notice
tacked to the gate post: " For sale-
One nice fat baby ; or I will exchange
for a white rabbit."
One of the San Francisco papers has
a correspondent at Juneau in the person
of Hal Hoffman In a recent article by
that gentleman he says that in retaliation of the Atlin alien" bill presumably^
that Canadians will be driven out by
force from the Porcupine creek district.
This statement has caused a great deal
of adverse criticism here as well as in
other Canadian cities, and it is thought
that there is no justification for the
statement.
GAMPS N0T FAR AWA1
THK    AIUJVGTOX    T)KA1..
The following is taken from the Spokane Review, and it is to be hoped
there is more in it than a mere puff for
Frank Watson, one of the principal
newspaper miners on the coast:
A deal has been consumated in
Spokane which will introduce Roston
capital into the lead district of the Slocan and will doubtless bring one of the
promising properties of tliat part of
British Columbia immediately to the
front as a great mine.    The Arlington
mine is the property in question Who
the Boston capitalists are is not announced at present, but there is every
assurance that the deal,is ago.
are attractingattention of eastern capital
and Boston has made money enough in
mines to know that,a venture of this
kind is safe. Those who know the
Arlington say that the mine will be shipping ore within six months and should
begin to pay profits soon after.
THE    TREADWELL    MrNES.
The Arlington   mine   is one of .the
The great beef trust which sold meat
at Dawson for $1.50 per lb. last year is
now; 'almost forgotten and prices are
about as low as they are in Vancouver.
The poorest beef, sells at 15 cents and
the best at 25 cents per lb. to the. quarter; 'One thing that has fbrced'down the
prices is the order that all beef that is
not kept in refrigerators by May, 1st
Avill be condemned and must be thrown
away. There are no refrigerators at
Dawson, and nonein course of construction, so that the prices will probably go
still lower.
MORTON    FREWEN    ON   SILVER.
THK    PAYNE.
The tunnel on the Stockholm is in HO
feet.
The Reco discharged 18 men last
week.
There are 15 tons on the dump of the
Palmito taken from No. 2 tunnel.
The Comstock and Vancouver each
made a shipment to Trail last week.
The tunnel on the Snap is.in 90 feet.
This property should be a shipper in (30
days.
J. F. Mcintosh, of Kaslo, lias bought
an eighth interest in the Isis, from
Black Bros
The Noble Five has ore in its lowest
tunnel, No. 8 The.showing is from five
to 11 inches of concentrating ore. ,
The lower tunnel .on the Queen Bess
is in ore for over a 100 feet. Nearly 200
tons of ore were sent down the hill from
this mine last week.
It is now ag*ainst the law to thaw
dynamite within 150 feet of the mouth
of a tunnel. Some of the Sloean mines
will have to thaw in balloons.
There is no particular trouble between the Comstock Mines and T. L.
Mitchell. The amount of stuff appearing in some papers over the matter is a
waste of space.
Ore has been struck on the Marion in
the face of the tunnel now in about 150
feet. Work is going steadily on and the
property will be thoroughly opened up
before further shipments are made.
The break in the machinery at the
Dardanelles has been repaired, and
work was resumed last Thursday. The
shaft on this property is down 500 feet
and the machinery is too light to properly handle tlie water and hoisting.
ANOTHER ENTERPRISE DEAL.
The report is current that the London
and British Columbia Goldfields, Ltd.,
of London, Eng., through their agents
here, have taken over the Enterprise
mine, Ten Mile. Mr. Aylard, resident
manager of thc Enterprise, is not at
liberty to give out any information
garding the deal and it is not de-
known that the sale has been made, but
from indications it is safe to assume that
the Enterprise has or is about to change
hands, and that the London company
will take it over.
Choice   Lemons.   Fresh   Eggs
Hazelwood Butter at Bourne Bros.
and
SLOCAN   ORE   .SHIPMENTS.
Total shipped Julv 1 to Dec. 31, 1808,
17,994 tons. January 1st, -1899. to
March 18th: '       j
From Sandon.
Payne	
Last Chance	
Sapphire	
Coin	
Ajsix  	
Sovereign	
lteco	
Ivanhoe 	
Treasure Vault	
Trade. Dollar	
From Throe Forks
Idaho Mines	
Q,ueen Bess	
Wild Goose 	
Monitor	
From Whitewater.
AVhiteivater	
Jackson	
Bell	
From McGmjtan.
Antoine	
Rambler	
Dardanelles	
Great Western 	
From Xew Denver.
Bosun	
Marion	
From Silverton.
Fidelity.-	
Vancouver	
Wakefield	
Emily Edith	
Comstock	
| Montreal, March 14.—Application for
a new charter for the Payne Consolidated
Mining Company will be forwarded to
Victoria to-morrow. The directors of
the re-organized company will be: W.
L. Hogue. banker, of Anaconda, Montana; A. W. McCune, owner of Salt Lake
City street railway; F. L. Seargeant, of
Anaconda; James Ross, Senator Forget,
Wm. Hanson, Col. Fred Henshaw and
Clarence J. McCuaig,;of Montreal.
It appears that the .presidency of the
Payne will be offered to W. L. Hogue.
This afternoon Mr McCuaig received
a telegram stating that the shipments
from the Payne from Jan."l to March 14
reached 1,388 tons, which" netted $52 per
km rc-i ton' after deducting duty and charges for
itiitfOv   freight and treatment.   This amounts to
innei*,   ^25,000, or about $50,000 a month.    Mr.
C. H.  Hand,   the   chief manager,  also
reports the showing in the different levels
to be of the most satisfactory nature, and
such as to warrant the  belief that Montreal and Toronto people now control the
richest property in British Columbia.
Morton Frewen, the well-known London financier, speaking of the outlook
for silver, says in a recent note:
"Had it been possible to obtain from
Washington a proposal to re-open your
mints at 1 to 22 on condition that" the.
Indian mints were siuiultanaously flung
wide open to the free coinage of rupees,
in other words, to restore silver momet-
alism in India for 300,000.000 of people
on condition that you restored bi-metal-
ism, we might under those conditions
have advanced an all important step on
the road to the complete restoration of
silver as a money, metal. But no support
could be obtained for any such proposal,
and at the present moment silver is
drifting, and drifting dangerously. It is
a clear case that it has been possible for
the government of the United States for
some months to have restored silver at
the rate of $1 per ounce, but there was
no one to push it. It is the sin of the
century that it is so."
'THE    BACHELOR    BOYS.
last
well
The
SLOCAN    MINES.
The concert   and   dance   given
Friday night by the band  was very
attended  and   highly enjoyable,
selections by the band given in the open
air drew a large crowd,  and the affair
was very successful  from   every 'point of
view.   A short but appreciative musical
program was rendered, after Band President Sproat gave a synopsis of the progress of  the  band and  outlined   briefly
the objects of the organization. ' I
The rendition of the homespun farce i
entitled "The Bachelor Boy*" afforded j
great fun for the audience, as it was;
entirely of a local nature and revealed j
the every day life in "bach" quarters of
our boys, giving their trials and sorrows,
fun and folly.
WANT   TO    FORM    A    LEAOIJE.
Week.
Total.
2K0
2,4 ill
Kid
i,:«k
18
ia
40
20
too
100
oo
18
mo
1S2
698
15
40
tiSl
'iO
314
30
45
135
80
48
20
m>
-'0
3
20
300
580
40
40
00
Total tons.
722
8,171
Mr. Donald Kennedy, writing from 70
Gracechurch street to the Financial
News, says:
"Sir,—Referring to your interesting
interview with Mr. A. McMillan, of
Rossland, British Columbia, I am glad
to note that Mr. McMillan drew attention to the fact that the silver-lead
mines of the. Slocan pay hanclsorne.lv
The general public have an idea that
silver mining does not pay ; whereas,
as a matter of fact, the' silver-lead
mines of British Columbia, in several
instances, have paid extremely well. It
may surprise many of your readers to
hear that the greatest''dividend-paver
of all the mines in British Columbia is
a silver-lead mine. Tlie celebrated
Payne mine, situated near Sandon, in
the Slocan  district,   has  paid  more  in
The followingcommunication has been
received from the Nelson Baseball Club:
Nelson, B.C., March 20, 1899.
Editor The  Lkdgk,   Dear Sir:     We
have organized for 1899.    Do you intend
forming   a club   in   your   town?    If so!
would it not be  in tlie  best interests of j
the game to arrange a series o? matches,
somewhat after  tlie  nature  of a league, j
the league to  comprise  say, Kaslo. Nel-;
eon, New Denver.  Northport, Rossland. j
Revelstoke,   Sandon  and   Slocan   City.!
Supposing   you   send   a   delegate  to "a'
general meeting at Nelson  on "Good Friday.    Trusting that you as an enthusiast
will   push   the   matter   along.    Let   us
hear from you  soon.    Yours  sincerely,
Harry Houston, secretarv.
Bourne Bros,   have just   received a
consignment of Spring Goods, Oil Cloth,
dividends than any mine in the whole; Sheetings, ,Tickinp*s
of the Province. Even when silver-
and lead were at their verv lowest the j
Payne paid larger monthly dividends!
than even the great Le Roi'mine. The i
profits for the month of November last j
were si.00,000. !
Blue Deinins.
luting
Muslin, Velveteen, Felts.
White Canvas,
•lanuei. Swiss
Straw Matting, Floor Rugs, Mats, Hosiery, Negligee Shirts, Dress Lining and many
other articles required by the citizens
of the Silverv Slocan town's.
richest silver properties in the vicinity
of Slocan City.   It has been  owned for
about two years by a Spokane company
which was" organized by Frank Watson.   The property comprises the Arlington and Burlington claims and was
located by  Robert   Cooper and C. E.
Fielding who have ever since retained
interests in it.   In 1896 John A. Finch
had the group under bond and did considerable work upon it without finding
the main  lead, his tunnel,   as subse.
quent   development    proved,   having
been run in the wrong direction.   Later
on the mine lay idle for many months
until Frank Watson came along and
after looking it Oyer concluded that it
was   one of the   richest   showings he
had ever seen and took a bond on it for
$50,000. , Then followed the formation
of the Spokane company.
The'property  has   seen  hard times!
The company was  hampered for. lack of
funds and  the  Arlington  war away up
Springer creek where  no  road had ever
been   built  and   shipment of ore was
therefore expensive.   Then  there were
conflicting   interests    and    dissensions
among the stockholders  and  the result
was   slow   development and  a  rapidly
accumulating debt.   In all  1,200 feet of
work was done, most of it being accomplished   under   the direction, of Frank
Watson, who was in charge of the work
when the wheels were running smoothly.
This development reached a   depth of
175 feet   and   opened   up  a, wondeiful
bo.lyof ore which is authentically reported   to   show 30   feet in  thickness.
The company  made shipments; which
yielded 240 ounceB silver and  16 to 20
per cent.  lead.   It is said that the ore
is growing heavier in  lead as depth is
gained.
Last Buinmer the company found itself
in such straits that it became necessary
to give a mortgage  on  the claims.   The
Bank of British North America furnished
the, money.     The  mortgage  was later
transferred to Ross Thompson, of Rossland.    Work on   the   mine  was almost
entirely suspended.    It  was when matters   were   in   this  tangle   that Frank
Watson began to  work for the redemption.of the mine..  He began the arduous
task seven months ago and has just completed it.   The terms of the deal are that
a new company is  to be   formed  to be
known as the Arlington Mines, Limited,
with headquarters, probably in Spokane.'
The   capitalization   is  to   be   1,000,000
shares and 750,0.00 shares will go into the
treasury.    The remaining'250,000 shares
will be issued to the stockholders of the
old company at the rate of one share for
eve'-y four held  in  the old corporation.
The new company assumes the mortgage
and has arranged to pay it and all other
outstanding debts  of tlie old company
within .30 days.    The Boston people take
up sufficient   of the   treasury stock  to
placa $50,000   at once   in  the  treasury,
of the company   and have guaranteed
that the same amount will be forthcoming later  if needed  to make  a  paying
mine of the Arlington.
These terms have been agreed to by
the unanimous vote of the stockholders
of the old company present at a recent
meeting where 708,000 shares of the 813,-
000'shares issued were represented.
"Within   30 days,"  a  stockholder  is
reported as saying,   "work will begin on
the Arlington with ;t large force of men.
The  development   will   be  upon a large
scale, with all   the   necessary machinery
and the plans of the company  include
the   early   erection   of a  concentrator.
Frank Watson paid  a visit   to Victoria
lately and   secured from   the   Provincial j
Government $2,500   with  which  to com-j
plete the  road  which   tlie  Government |
started to build up the creek from Slocan I
City to the  mines.    Work  on   this will |
begin as soon as spring opens up.    Much
credit, is  due to  Frank Watson for putting this deal through in the face of discouragements.    The  company  has been
so torn   with   internal  troubles   that no
reconciliation seemed possible and most
of us thought  the Arlington  was a dead
duck.    But Watson   saved   the mine although it   took seven  months of scheming ami  maneuvering and  harmonizing
to bring it about."'
It is rather a new thing for Boston
capital to take up silver and lead pi impositions. Copper investments are the
favorites in tlie Massachusetts city. But
the   profits   which   Slocan shippers  pay
employment of a great
According to late advices from Jum-aii
the new stamp mills being* erected by
the Treadwell Mining Company on
Douglas Island have commenced grinding away at the low-grade ore that
yields many hundreds of thousands of
dollars every year. The ''number of
stamps added.is" 750 and. the output of
the mine will be materially increased.
1-he Al-ki'and' City of Topoka have
been cai ryitig the machinery north for
the last three,..months. The new mills
will mean the
many'more men.
In this connection it  is interesting* to
note that local and Seattle papers have
gone far astray  in giving the credit of
the discovery "of the famous Treadwell
mine to Peter E'. DeVille, who claims to
have visited the Klondike in, 1879.,.;   A,
The.original discoverer and,locator of
the Treadwell 'mine   was, it   is   said,
Peter Erussard,  a  Frenchman    After
Erussard made the discovery he,did
considerable   work in stripping   off a
portion of the surface, leaving exposed
a large quantity of quartz of such low*
grade that he thought it',was practically worthless, and at the same time
he discovered that he was not a citizen
of the United States   and could   not
hold the property.  This was in 1881 and
early in the next year John Treadwell
appeared  on  the scene and Erussard
offered to sell hinrthe property.   After
examining the   ledge   Mr.   Treadwell
asked him  what he wanted  for it and
was told that as  lie was   in   need of a
suit of clothes and   if he would buy
one for him. lie would turn, the property over.   Mr. Treadwell gave hitn an.
order   for the clothes   on   Koekler &
James, and Ernssard picked out a $35
suit, and   transferred the now-famous
Treadweli mine.
Mr. Treadwell gave the property a
thorough,prospecting and then went to
San   Francisco    where   he   interested
Messrs.  Fnre,   Freeborn   and   Hill, of
San Francisco, and Senator John Sherman, of Nevada.    These men furnished
the   money with  which to   thorougly
prospect the   property.   A  five-stamp
mill was erected and a tunnel started.
The quartz  was run  through the mill
but being of such low .grade with a
five-stamp mill it would not pay.   It
was, however, ascertained that instead
of being   a   vein   of, quartz  it was a
mountain.  Mr. Treadwell again visited
San  Francisco and   explained to  his
partners the  vastness  of  the   deposit
and that with 120  stamps the: property
would pay handsome dividends.   A120-
stamp mill was    purchased   and   Mr
Treadwell personally superintended its
erection and in August,  1885,-them ill:
was started and in 1890, 130 more stamps
were added, making: it the largest mill
under one roof in the world.   The mine
has made all of its owners millionaires
from an original  investment of a S35
suit of clothes.
Peter Erussard, or "French Pete''as
he was commonly known, remained
around Juneau until 1888,when he went
to Seattle and opened a fish market.
Since the sale of the mine Erussard has
been the racipient of many substantial
favors from Mr. John Treadwell.—
News-Advertiser.
The    Rise    in    Copper.
The copper market presents no new
features, holding firm at 18 cents. The
fact that this metal maintains this high
figure practically demonstrates the contentions of the bulls that the advance
has been based upon legitimate, hut
nevertheless abnormal conditions. That
the demand has greatly exceeded the
supply and that while the latter is making strenuous efforts to catch up, yet the
pace of the former is by no means slow,
which promises a good market for some
months to come. In fact it is our opinion that coppe will be selling for 20
cents before the end of 1899.—Western
Mining World.
A Scotch minister was once catechising his young parshionors before the
congregation, when lie put the usual
first question to a girl whose father
kept a public
■,"   quid
I name:
j there, was no reply.
I repeated, and then,
of the congregation.
"Nane o" your fun.
ken my name well
say. when ye. come
nig*lit. 'Bet, bring m<
house.    "What  is your.
e.d    tlie   minister.      But
The. question was
to  the amusement
the girl answered,
Mr. Minister.    Ye
enouirh.    D'ye no
to oor house on a
some ale?""
Thk Lkdoe office i' working a nice-
shoot of high grade in printing, and
shipments arc; being made to many
camps. Call in and assay the, samples.
The bulldog is. chained up and there is-
no danger of getting knocked down by
the wind from our big cylinder press. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 23, 1899.
Sixth Year
The Ledge
Published every Thursday.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
Three months ., — : --- £ .75
Six " •- .-.1.25
Twelve "         ^.00
THEEE YEAKS • • - o-0°
Transient Advertising, 25 cents i>cr line first in
sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions
nonpareil measurement.
TO CONTRIBUTORS.
C ji-respondence from every part of the Kootenay
District and communications upon live topics
always acceptable. Write on both sides of the
paper if you wish. Always send something good
no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it
s hot, and we will do the rest
i portance to tbe silver lead producers
of the Slocan, and will do more to
i stir up the already awakening'cap-
! italists to these {jreat dividend-paying:
I properties than columns of carefully-
prepared statistics on the merits of
the Slocan as a money-making dis
trict. In the year 1898 the total
amount of ore shipped from the Slocan
reached 17,000 tons. If the present
rate of shipment is maintained, and
there is hope that it will be, the output for 1899 will be in the neighborhood of 40,000 ot a value ©f $5,000,000.
The mines that were shippers last
year are heavier shippers this year,
and in every case the promise is that
the outpuc from many, if not all of
them, will increase instead of diminish."
A pencil cross in this square
indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor
wishes once ag-ain to look at
your collateral.
Western mining nierf. when they
are successful have a passion for
spending their money elsewhere than
around the camps in which they made
it. Bill Clark, of Montana, has ordered a white palace built in New York
which will be one ofthe finest private
houses in the world. It will be constructed in the purest style of the
French renaissance. Three hundred
It was twenty years last Monday j thousand dollars' worth of granite
since  we   first Went astray.    Upon! will be used in it-; the carving* will
> f BUKSDAr, MARCH 23. 1899.
SCRAP'S JKKOM THK  KUITOR'S DESK.
Some think that if people slept more
they would reach the age of 200.
There should be plenty of old people
in Victoria.
BKTT.RK    THAN    A    t'ABIN.
true,  will redound to the good of the
people of Canada,  as it will  probably
result in the building* of a transcontinental railway.    It will be a rival to the
Canadian  Pacific Railway, which has
grown so proud,arrogant and domineer- j
ing, since it imagines-  that  it holds the i
whin hand over the people of nearly all j
of Canada. ' .  |
For a   long time  D.   D.   Mann  audi
William Mackenzie have been the char
ter procurers for  the Canadian  Paciiic j
railway    They could go to provincial i
legislatures, even to the Dominion Par-1
liament,  and  procure chanters,  where j
Sir  William   Van  Home   and T.   G.j
Shaughnessy dare hardly show   then-
faces     In time Messrs: Mackenzie and
Mann came to   be known   simply as
the agents of the C. P. R. managers, for
shortly   after chartern were   obtained
they would turn them over to the agents
of that road.    It was noticed, too, by the
observant, that the firm of Mackenzie & I
Mann  nearly always secured  fat con-J
tracts from the Canadian Pacific  when j
the railway schemes had evoluted to the!
construction   period.    This   method  of
procedure went on and on until the firm
of  Mackenzie  &   Mann   hecame   both
wealthy and influential.  Now, however,
it is rumored  in  inner railway  circles
that this quartet of schemers have, quarreled, and there is said to he war to the
knife hetween them.   On tlie one side
**"*** >—»-'^-»»-'»-»»- »-
frfTHi TTa JThinJWfc
5
1
ok of Montreal
Established  1817.
Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00
Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00
Undivided profits :    :     981,328.04
HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.
Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Rostal, G.C.M.G. President.
Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,
E..S. Clouston, General Manager,
Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great BritainA and
the United States.
New Denver branch
E. PF7T, Manager
d
<f   . _      -      '.
present CPU. line, and also through a
country which is said to contain hotter
land and which will afford a hotter traffic
that date brother Willie and us started our first newspaper.
Fernie is full of dives in which
liquor is retailed without a license.
Fernie is not the only place in B. C.
afflicted with this complaint.
Smallpox  is   epidemic in many j
parts  of  the   United   States. The!
Yanks should  put a tariff on it and j
drive it out of the country. j
cost $60,000, and it will take 700 car*
to haul the; granite alone. Notable
features of tlie house will be the bathrooms, theatre and reception rooms.
The palace will cost altogether over
$2,000. When our subscribers all
pay up we intend to build a house
like Clark's, but not in New York.
A    I1ATTLS    ROYAL.
For 18 hours work 45 cents is paid
in the sweat shops of New York. Still
the churches of that city are collecting money to help the heathen, while
it is 34 years since black slaves were
freed in the United States, ^he
white slaves are still in bondage.
Joe Martin must be a bad. man
judging from the fact that he was
recently blackballed by the Badminton Club in Victoria. If he is not bad
he must be so bright that some ofthe
leading lights of the Club did not
wish his brilliancy to shine around
them.   It might make them nervous.
When monopolists and charter mongers fall out it sometimes happens that
tha people get their just dues There is
now said to he a row on, which, if it is
are arraved the two leading officials of I th,:.,n Ur\at w.,u£h .',s •"■nl™ti,1'.v t0 r,u' (.-"»-
the big 'railway, and on the other are"! •,l<1''"1 Paeilic RailvvAv
the, two charter mongers, who have! 1 he Toronto World and other papers
secured charter after "charter for the I .contain articles in--supppor4 of the idea
former. As a result of the quarrel the i that such a quarrel as the one above
scheme   for   another   transcontinental j outlined has actually taken place.    I he
I World bases its supposition mainly upon |
c. 8.
KASHDALL.
Notary Public.
A. E. FAUQUIER,
railway, to be a great rival of the Canadian Pacific, has been born.
The route which has heen marked out
for the proposed railway line is briefly
as follows : Beginning at Port Arthur,
they propose.to buiid a railway to Winnipeg, and from Winnipeg, via Gladstone and along the, Dauphin roa'', over
the old Mackenzie survey, and through
the Rocky mountains to the coast, by
theYel 1 owhead pass. Messrs.Mackenxie
& Mann are also reported to have
bought Hugh Sutherland's charter for a
road from Winnipeg to Hudson bay
This road includes western connections
beyond Manitoba. Practically, then
Mr. Mackenzie's scheme is for a railway
from Port Arthur to the Pacific coast, via
Winnipeg, Lake Dauphin and the Yel-
lowhe.ad pass, going to the north of the
the. action of the' "Legislature of this
Province iu throwing out the contract
of Mackenzie, & Mann for tlie. construction of that portion of the Victoria.Vancouver &. Eastern Kail way hetween
Pentietor. aud the coast
If there are two men in the, Dominion
who, arefitted to -light the C.P.R  with
the same sort of weapons that are used
. by that corporation,  they are. Messrs.
j Mackenzie & Mann.    They know every
! trick of Messrs. Van Home andShaugh-
! neasv, and can give  tht-.m, tips on some
fchat'thcy do not'know.    It is like fighting  devils  with  lire,  to   pit  these  two
I charter mongers against those two great
i exponents ot monopoly, embodied in the
j persons   of  Messrs    Van    Home,   and
! .Shaughnessy.   It will be, a hattie, royal.
—Rossland Miner.
Americans are going to the Atlin
lake in large numbers confident that
the alien law will be repealed. Unless the law is repealed it will retard
the progress of that camp. More
money is always expended in a
placer camp than is taken outofit
hence the advisability of allowing- all
the world a chance to invest. The
Yanks have always played the cinch
when they held it against the
Canucks, but, they are beginning to
be more civilized of late, and'we
should endeavor to cultivate in them
a spirit of neighborly feeling.
KUiHT    HOUli    SHIFTS.
On the'27th of last month it became
unlawful to work  longer than eight
hours out of the 24 in the metal mines
of British Celuinbia.    This  law does
not make  the same difference in $3
camps that it does in the Slocan.   The
Slocan mines have always paid >:o750
for 10 hours work and there has been
no trouble.    If the law is enforced in I
the  Slocan  it will   probably   cause I
■wages to   be   gauged   accordingly, j
This is not desirable, and rather than j
have it occur we believe most of the j
miners would prefer the old time shit:
and the $3.50.    Most of them  are in
the hills to make money and are not
partial to legislation that will decrease
their earning capacity.    For the interest of the district it is to be hoped
that the matter will  be adjusted in a
manner satisfactory to labor and capital.
In the great stores of Toronto are j
hundreds of girls working tor wages j
so small that it is surprising to find !
any of them decent. Yet people all J
over Canada will patronize such in-j
stitutions never thinking when they j
are saving a few cents that it could !
not be clone if proper wages were j
paid the slaves of these merchant;
kings.	
Sl.OCAN     OitK    SMIPM.KNTS.
Since the stocking of the Payne1
more attention has been paid to the j
Slocan by eastern people. They are;
commencing io realize that the Slocan -
is the richest of all the rich camps ot '■
British Columbia. The Toronto Globe ■
has the following reference to our:
output:
"There   is   no   better   method   ol"
judging of the progress of British Co- ;
lumbia mining  than in studying the
Slocan   ore   shipments.     February'.-;;
shipments bring  the  total shipments
from    January   1   to   March 1 up to
6,500 tons.    If this rate of shipment1
is continued it  will bring the output;
for the year up to a figure more than '■,'
double that of IS'-X will add new ini-,
RASHDALL & FAUQUIER
. "MINES & REAL ESTATE.
NEW DENVER, B.C.
MINING 1NTKRKSTK BOUGHT,  'SOLD   A NI. BONDED.
 INVITED	
Abstracts of Title 10 mineral claims.
CORRESPONDENCE
IU passing $fv>w
as viewed by *««
a western editor
itttfte effete east.
0 travel westtto East in the winter may not seem
reasonable, but 1 performed the feat successfully
without hitting a single tie. It can easily be ac
complished by getting into a comfortable C. P. R.
car and stopping in it for about five days. It may be like
living in a cage, as far as freedom of action is concerned,
but the comfort found on this great road, ..coupled with the
courtesy of the train officials, reduces the monotony to a
minimum. Walking across the continent gives a greater
opportunity to test the various brands of ozone found in this
glorious Dominion, but that method of travel is not popular
with the masses.
When I left the Slocan last January, the surface indications upon the mountains were principally snow. Nothing
of a startling nature occurred until I reached Revelstoke.
In that city an enterprising citizen gave me an ad. I nearly
fell dead, as for many moons I had not been taking anything
as strong as ads. Still, I took the, ad., although the shock
to my financial anatomy was visible for several hours.
Quite a number of people, insinuated before I got out of
the hill country that I held an option upon a calico claim in
the. East, and wasgoinj; back to close the deal.
The train I left Revttlstoke upon was almost devoid of
passengers, and if • Alex Lncas had not been on board I
would have had an attack of ennui. Alex and I spent several hours planning how to make a million or more. Before
we had the matter settled, Alex left the train at Golden and
I proceeded upon my rapid career.
When the curtain of night fell over the mountains I
located a berth, rolled in and dreamed of my many backward subscribers. Just before sun-up I looked out of the
window and saw Medicine Hat. That is a nice name for a
town. I do not know how it obtained such a cognomen.
Probably in early days some old trail blazer was sick and
the Indians gave him medicine out of a hat. The red man
is still here. They sell horns to tenderfeet. They wanted
$1 a horn. This is more than I ever pay for a horn. This
horn game is getting rather old. Seven years ago the same
gang were working it when I passed through this famous
spot.
From Medicine Hat east the journey was very tiresome.
The plains, covered with a knife-blade seam of snow, were
about as interesting to me 'as beans without bacon. At
Moosejaw I had an opportunity'of parading up and down the
platform for half an hour. Struck a chute of fresh milk
here. For a short bit I obtained about a quart. It was extremely high grade and carried very little water, and not a
trace of chalk. As I allowed tlie lacteal fluid to trickle
down my throat ir. put me in mind of the summer I spent
with my Uncle Billy in the county of Grey. I was tender
and delicate in those days and Billy insisted upon tne drinking so muck milk that 1 often wonder how I escaped bein-_r
a cowboy. Mv L'ncle Billy was one of the most original
men 1 have ever seen. Iff <"dy could write a play with
Billy as the leading character I would electrify the universe-
However, this'has nothing to do with Moosejaw. That
town is beau'ifully situated as a fresh air resort. There is
plenty-if air in sight.      .Ml  you   have   to  do is to locate it.
not, meet with a single
up,   or   a   single thing
At Brandon the
The
Devil Fish
Is truly a formidable enemy in its native element,
and   has been known to
attack boats when enraged.
'A man caught in its terrible embrace is imme
diately drawn under water
to a horrible death.
Scrofula
. Is a disease that might almost be classed with the
devil fish for loathsomeness, and its victims are
legion. Now as.Spring is
drawing ' near and your
s\ stem perhaps weakened
by the strain of a severe
winter, and your blood
weak and watery, you
might be an easv victim
for some such loathsome
disease.
Be warned in time.    Your
blood   is   poor   and   bad
Begin at once  a rigorous
course of  treatment,   with.
that best of all  hi nod pari
fiers  and   spring  tonics--
OTEL SANDON,
vK     ^     7ft     ^      7ft      7ft 'V      "^N-
Sandon, B.C.
rpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is
well equipped to accommodate a large
number of G-uests. The building is plastered
and tlie rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in
the Slocan, while, in the Dining Room can be
found the best food in the market.
  '    Robert Cunning, Proprietor.
The Clifton House,
rax -sbarsapar
For sale at—
Nelson's
Drug & nook Store
Sunday Im.hips: -
la
Sandon.
Hasiuni'leaccoiuiiwdatioiisfor a l.-irt-y number of |ieoplu.     The rooms are large.
and airy, and the. Diniiif** Koom is provided with everything-  in the market
Smnplo Rooms for Commercial Traveler.*.
John Buckle}', Prop.
vr \r \f \r \f \r \f y
■'CALLUM'
  Dealers in
Hardware,   Tin   and
Miners'Supplies,  Paints, Oils. Glass and
SLOOANTCiTY, B.C.
i A A A A A A -A A j
ramteware,
'htty, Doors .& Windows.
New Denver, B. 07
p. m.
We do what we advertise :<i do.
i il. .iimiiiMii.il in ■ il nam, ii'iii
Any woman can   be a good
buyer if she   has   unlimited
means at her disposal.      But
a lean purse will test the best
j of us,  and  the   woman  who
| can add to   tho  comforts  of
| her home in rimes like these
| shows tact to a nicety.     We
j have,  no bargain  counter in
I our business, but a little mon-
Will find tin/
Arlington Hotel
ii pleasant place to slop ,ir. •.vlmii in
SI can Gity.
GETHING „ HENDERSON, Proprietors.
, S. Drkwry
Kaslo, B.C
H. T.Twiijii
New Denver, "B.C:
DREWRY __ TWIGG
Dominion and Provincial Land Survtj
Civil and Mining Engineers.
Bedford, McNeil Code.
jt-TRashdnll & Fauquier. Agent*.
-C<    G. FAUQUIER.
NOTARY PUBLIC.
Nakusp. Jl.C.
I have been appointed
agent for the Lethbridge Coal Co., and
will sell their products
at  reasonable   prices.
E. A, Cameron
SANDON.
J7[OWARD WEST,
I! S M. London
Kiif.
ENGINEER
Assoc.
MINING-
ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.
& ASSAYEK.
rropcrlics   fxniiiined    ;tud  'ri-poricd  on   i...
tending purcliasi.TS.
Assay  ufHce  :ind   ('',licmic:il   L:il>or:itory.  Bel
viie ;;vc. Xew Denver. !!('.
J. H. MILLWARD,
w
}{L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.
BAKRl'STEK,
Solicitor..' Notary Public, Etc.
Writer
ggley will buy some handsome Sandon, B. C.
"^^i articles of furniture just now.
i!
m
NEW DENVER.
Froni r.lii? town to Brandon I d'u
H.dvi*nf.uiv. The train was not held
occur that would jar our nervous; system
r
*&*s\ ■
II   i\ 1J .1 •
FAI& BAKER.
'alma
; c_
r^
A
i
*
c.*irs bee.*»me mon1 crowded and I heard irmiv or K^s n.bout
wheat. Foi* tin- benefit ot'inoimiain people I nii^lit, say that
wheat is found in Manitoba in hir^e quantifies. It is easily
mined and when r.he irost does uor <_rivo it the marble heart
the folks around here are full
manv of them ml! of rve.
of joy.     At
\ hockey mate
Arberv   1  found
had just expire*
-. <• vv
■ii vry
IL-
S'*i;ri!i; .•.!•'
:i nd  Oi'pii ir'Ms ]
d    «'-ti:I>„l!ii«"i-s. !
>>jA«\ ;     -X.  IL-->'i'i: Ii.'ivi' : ii-■•i.d>  !));<(•! i>"< 1 I7n(l.-rtiikpr
^'■r-   i and Krril-jiliixT 'li.iinu im-in-"--* in ill'' S]i>i',-in.
eg
XEW DENVER
G!
iV"
rOR   CROI     icrA..   !J :.-. Ai-;S■•--,    •■ n- :
f"       Hli.liV'.-, ;\l.M,l!-:,    l.iOlr   i'll-i >'!«■'-'   '3!    St. .\il- |  ,, . .       g -jj    .   T7
llxiiiV mid   ..-illicull.:-!   I'r.s'i:,■-:■(.■!  Stain, i:f.   writu f> ,  UOA I PI "I JT_1 JTL IL
$t{PPPPP A,"w"""SH"""'1MS,!,,W! iOE, WOOD, Etc
j.
Silverton.
.u.
M. BENEDUM,
Livery and Feed Stables, General
Dray ing. 1 e.'iins. meet, all boats ;md
Trains.
NEW DiENVER
denoral  'Dravinan. Ice,
[lav and Grain for Sale.
Filled.
9
Ice Houses
Livery  and
iaiit
Stabiles, Sixth Year.
THE LEDUE, NEW DENVER, JB.C, MARCH 23. 1899.
ANOTHER   "VAMPrRK.'
(A lunfc" way after Kipling-.)
A n ass there \yao. and he took delight.
(Even as you and I)
lv sitting far into tha hours of night,
Cutting and dealing/with all his might.
And hating to quit at the morning light
(Even as you and I;.
Oh, thc sleep we lost and the heap we lost.
And the useless cards we drew ;
All In that simple and popular game.
That always enticing and popular gams,
Which there's no need to name for you.
,An **••« there was, and he held a '-pair"
(Even as you and I) .
Of aces, iind drew two more quite fair,
Then bet all he had. with never a care,
But a "straight flush" broke him beyond repair,
(Even .as you and I,).
Oh, the moans we made and the groans we made j
O'er the pots that we ought to ha"e won, I
All in that simple and popular game, j
That gentleman's game, the American game j
Where you get a good run for your "mon." j
Still the ass will play when he has the dough       |
(Even as you audi). .,, *
And the chips will come and the chips will go -,
He'll say with a nod when they're coming slow,
"It's time for my luck to change, yon know"
(Even as you and I).
And it isn't the sin and it isn't the tin
That makes us all sore and ill;
It's thinking of hands tliat we ought to have held,
The -'fulls" and thc, -fours" that   m; ought to
have held,
And the ••flushes" we couldn't lilt.
---"Chanies," in Boston Traveller.
'THK    LULL,_«VS   OF    NATIONS. j
the Mother Goose lullabys and nursery
rhymes. Many of you may not know
that "Mother Goose" wasa "really"
woman, as the children say. She was
born about the year 1665 in Charles-
town,   N. S-    Her*   maiden   name was
be starvation, and took off his coat and
went to work in earnest. He kept on
with the angleworm diet until he found
that his one little bird was consuming*
from 14 to 18 yards of angleworms a
day.   This was too much for his pati-
Elizabeth Foster. She married a! ence, and he proceeded to substitute
widower named Isaac Goose, who had j the more easily rnanag-ed diet of bread
a family of ten children. As years!and milk and" other delicacies, which
passed oil Mrs. Goose added six child-j were, however, not nearly so much'to
ren oi her own to her already large j Miss Robin's taste,
familv. There Avere not so many j Wanting* to discover whether he had
picture-books and toys in those days, so j been catering to a family of abnormal
she had to find a way for herself to | appetites, our friend took to watching*
amuse her "goslings," so she used to i the methods of a real mother bird, and
make up songs to sing to them. We | found that she fed her young every two
arc well acquainted with one about j minutes. He then consulted the learn-
"The old woman, who lived in her i ed books upon birds*, and discovered
shoe, had so many children she didn't j that 14 yards of worms a day, with
know what, to do." Then there are j meals every two minutes, is the average
those old favorites,, Little Miss Muffet, \ rate of feeding fledglings. He has,
Bo-Peep, and countless others.    Prob- j therefore, decided that he does not care
Q8HMK3>flfflWli (it>Ci(&ft<Mi#St) 1
>l-8iiWWiWI
to take up raising birds by
business.
WOMAN.
hand
as a
WHO    WRITES   ADVICE.
ably these nursery songs would never
have become  famous if Mother Goose
had not, after her husband's death, gone
to live with   a   married   daughter in
Boston, whose husband  was a printer. I
Here  she   sang   her old   songs   to her j A woman there was and she wrote for the press,
o-r-nirl urwi      Her   onn-in-l-iw   ■ rhinkitio*      (Am you or.I might do),
gianu-son.    nor   son m-i.iw,   inmKing iShetolrl how to cut and tit a dress,
to   make  granny's    SOllgS   a   source   of | And how to stow many a savory muss,
revenue, printed them   in an attractive i Hut she never had done it herself, I guess,
form, and so they  have come down to i   (Which none of her readers knew.;
us.    Mother Goose  died   in   1757 at the j oh. the hour we spent and the flair we spent
a<'*C of 92 veal**- And the sugar we wasted like sand.
°fhen tliere  are the darkey lullabys Ut the best of the woman who never had cooked.
There are
many ways
Although the subject of my
are   uiu uarncy luiiiiuvs, i ^mll„nv we know that she never could cook).
which   no one   can   sing  like  tlie old j    And did not understand,
negro mammies    We can picture them j
I    (As you or I might do).
How out of a barrel to make a chair.
to ourselves as they were "down South, ' A Wo,ntt» l,""ri" Wi,s ai,(i slie m'otft ■'■*•••",llil
have had to prepare this paper, to ob
tain any written information on the
subject. I have consulted several encyclopedias, and they have completely
ignored the word lullaby. I have also
dipped into several musical works with
the same result. Apparently, the
musical world does not consider lullabys
of suliicient importance to collect, or
even to mention.
The word lullaby is derived from the
German lullen—to compose to sleep—
and means "a song to uuiet infants.'
We all know that wherever there are
mothers and their babes there must be
lullabys. It matters not whether the
mother.is a heathen or a Christian, thej
mother-love will teach her songs to |
hush her baby's cries. No record has j
been preserved of the lullabys by which
Eve,,the mother of all creation, hushed
her babes to sleep; doubtless they
were exceeding sweet, as nature was
her only singing-teacher and she had
had no'training in up-to-date trills and
quavers; doubtless, also, they were
tinged with sadness and remorse, as
she mused upon the beautiful Garden
of Eden, from which she bad been forever expelled through her sinfulness.
As music, literature and art are
always grouped together, like the three
graces, it will not be digressing too
much to sav that in ancient literature
also, there'is verv little written, about
child-life, although, if we listen intently
(like the wise magician of Arabia, who,
bv* placing his ear to the ground iu the
heart of the great African desert, could
detect the pattering of children's feet
on.the streets of Bagdad, and hear the
different voices as they played their
childish games), we can hear an occasional note from the children of far-off
lands and times There are a few references to children in ancient literature,
so natural, as were the old Greek poet,
Homer, makes one of his characters
say :
■•lli'siie.riis ln-inir-s nil things back.
Which the ilavliu-lu. made us lack.
Brums I ho sheep and goats in rest,
Brines the baby to the breast."
crooning their "pore white lambs" to
sleep. Their lullabys were in the
negro dialect and full of the rhythm,
which characterizes the darkey -.melodies;.'
Eugene Field has written many sweet-
little nursery songs.
And last, and least also, in stature at
any rate, comes that nation of invisible
sprites, the Brownies, with whom we
are all so well acquainted through the
clever pen and pencil of Palmer Cox.
A book of Brownie lullabies and songs
has been written and set to music by
S. G. Pratt, and dedicated to Sol Smith
Russell, who introduces them in his
famous play, "A Poor Relation." One
lullaby runs thus.
Such frolics we have iii babydom dear,
.Such jokes we tell in this little car,
lie lauurhs and crows so full of glee,
And bubbles over with mystery.
But all the, babies belong to our band.
Their babbling and cooing we understand.
We teach them line tricks to plav on Ma-uin,
Fine riddles to mystify dearest Pa-pa.
riiug Noodleurn, Toodlenm. lullably,
Sinir Noodleum, Toodlenm, close your eye.
Miss Emma Lowkuy.
A    UNIFORM    OK    BLUE.
To hammer and sa w and hack,
In making a chair in which no one would sit   ,
A chair ii. which no one could possibly sit.
Without a crick in his back.
A woman there was and she had her fun,
(Retter than you and I;)
She wroie-out re:eints and sin.; never tried one,
.She-wrote about children—of course   she had
none—'
Slip.' told us to do what, she never had done,
(And never intended to try.)
An it isn't to toil and it isn't to spoil
Tliat brims the cup of disjrrace—
It's to follow a woman who didn't know beans
(A woman who never had cooked j},ny beans.J
But wrote and was paid to fill space.
—Boston Congregational 1st.
Of lifting1 the load of
trouble from the
shoulders of the
weary, wav worn
traveller as he passes on his way. To
know just what to do and when to do it
has puzzled the minds of some ofthe
greatest hotel men of the ■ itge: We do
not claim any' great superiority over
others, but we have learned by close
attention to the requirements ot our
patrons what best pleases them and adds
to the comforts and popularity ot our
house. Pioneers of the Slocan were' our
patrons when the clouds of adversity
darkened the trails of every camp in
Kootenay. and tXiey are
with us still now when
the suns of prosperity
shine forth in splendor
making- mellow the heart
of man.
™timfAM
AND SCO LINE.
Fur those who want tlie
EAST^srwES"
To any point in United States or Canada
St. James
otel-M_-
NewDenver
First-Class  ;i!i(]
Tickets issued .-
a tion.
Tourist Sleepers
Ocean P> Ocean.
operated from
ind Baggage- checked todestin
No Customs Difficulties.
COXNKCTIOKS ■ ' ■'
Revelstoke and main line points.
8:45k Daily: lv—Deliver C Siding—ar: Dailv 15 50k
8:85k ex.Sundlv N. Denver Ldg: arex.Sun.lfi:f»0k
'  X__ROX, THAU,. HOSSLANn, ETC.
D:50k ex. Sun: lv X. Denver Ldp: arex.Sun 14.00k
Ascertain rates and   full   information   by addressing nearest local accent or—
G. B. GARRETT. AsjciitXow Deliver.
W.'F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. A_t., Nelson.
K. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Acrt.. Vancouver.
How to -.'fit there is via  C. P. Rv & Soo Line.
©I
JACOBSON & CO.
b Falls k Irtta
SYSTEM.
icmamnziixjnzM
HOTEL
Th'soldiers have come home again,
An' we who didn't ko
Air wettin' on the hindmost seat,
An' don't stand any show.
Th' girls can't see us any more,
N«> matter whut we do,
Their eyes is sot on them as wear*
A uniform of blue.
I didn't stay at home been/.
I didn't want t'go :
Hut what could mother do alone,
An' likewise little Joe V
['ve. got to earn the bread they eat.
An' see thoy're cared for, too,
That's whv I'ain't a-wearin' now
A uniform of blue.
I don't regret the choice I made ;
I'd ruther hev th' light
That shines on dear old mother's f*ce
When-1 come home at night
L'liau all them girly girly smile.*
That's e.omin' now to von
Who think you're it been/, you wear
A uniform of blue.
—H. Tim*.
. .Two men had a very hard tramp
throiurh the mountains the other day
near ' Ferguson": They came over 30
miles under the most adverse circumstances. One of them, a man named
Big*£far,'was chopping' wood when his
axe caujrht in some overhanging*
branches' and, with his bad aim, the
axe came down and cut his thumb off «t
the first joint. He was alone at the
time and could only stick the two parts
together and holding* them that way
went to his partner, who was live miles
away. Together they bound up the
wound as best they' could and then
beg'ana I'atiguiii"* walk of over 30 miles
to the town.' There he.was put into the
hospital and a very painful operation
had to be performed.
Sulphur was mined in the United
States in 1898 in l.'tah, Nevada and
Louisiana. The total production was
about 3,000: short tons, valued at §66,-
000. The Nevada product was shipped
to San Francisco. Utah produced ;537
tons. The production of sulphur in
Louisiana (made by the French process
as in previous years), amounted to
1,427 short tons. 'Nothing* was done at
the Louisiana mines after May.
HOT A!R
HEATED li V
and Electric
Bells and Light in every room.
Large aud well lighted .Sample Rooms
Hourly Street Gar between hotel and
Station.   Free 1 >us meets a 11 tra in s	
Rea.ioiiii-hle Rates.
REVELSTOKE
FEED J. SQTJIBE
Nelson, B. C.
Merchant Tailor.
'Full Line  of fc'nifinsrs and
TrouseriiiQ-saWavs on hand.
a      NOYiOE.    .".'"";"
NELSON &' FORT SHEPPARD CO.
RED MOUNTAIN RY CO.
The all rail and direct route
between   the   Kootenay
..District and..
All British Columbia Ponts
Pacific Coast Points
PujO'et; Sound Points
Eastern Canada and the
United States.
w
. THE CNDKIISIONE'* hereby jrivp notice
VV thai tlie partnership heretofore cxiMlini;- between us, under the style or Jinn of Sre;.re & Avi-
son. us hotel keeper* at. the Newmarket li-tel. at
New Denver, 1"! C. has this day been dissolved
by mutual consent.
All nee.nmts due lo the late lirm of Stef?c&
Avison liiu.sr lie paid forthwith to Henry Stege.
and till accounts due by the said late firm will
bo paid by Henry Stefre.
H EN RV STEGE.
THOMAS AV-iSON.
Wif.ne-w Chaki.es S. Rashhali..
Notary Public.
Dated. January U-l. ISlii).
T)
R. A. S. MARSHALL
HUNfiKY    AS    A    RKAR.
|    .(iraduate
i Chicago
Dentist.
Kaslo.  B C
if Anieric.-in i -oiletrctif Denial Surgery
This hit of  ancient  poetry   makes us
think, that "perhaps the first song* from
human .lips was a lullaby, and the first
notion of metre  derived  itself from thej
rocking of an infant in its mother's arms j
or in a era die.'' I
In art also the ancients seem to liave I
paid but little attention to child-life as j
a. study, although there are a few ex-!
aniples, which show that the Greeks i
and Romans did not entirely refrain;
from depictinn*childish beauty j
In the middle ii.o-es, however, child-j
life was entirely suppressed,, except in j
the church. I
(Amino*   down   to modern   times, we j
mav thank our luckv stars that we were j
not' born   Chinese 'babies;    that   is,   if i
their   lullabys areas inharmonious  as j
their  music   in   o*eneral.     The Chinese i
ignore harmony on principle, and their;
secular melodies are merely  sequences |
of notes.    It   is  said chat  tlieir sacred
Imperial Hymn,  which   is siino* once a [
vear,    witli   <>*reat     pomp,    is   but   a
'* sequence    of      l,on_*-drawn     notes.:'
French  and   kalian   babies are more
In thia happy land no famine comes j
nig-h the Sierra bear, says .John Muir j
in the Atlantic All the year round his j
bread is sure, for some of the thousand j
kinds that he likes are always in season I
and accessible, rang-ed on the shelves j
of the mountain like stores in a pantry, j
From one to the other, from climate to ;
climate, up and down hedimbs, feasting* ;
on each in turn, enjoying* as great :
variety as if he travelled to far-off c'oun- j
tries north and south. To him almost j
cverylhiug is food except granite
Every tree helps to feed him, and every ;
bush and herb, with fruits and flowers. !
leaves-and bark, and almost everything ]
living** or dead within reach, animals i
and insects—badg-ers,goptiers,squirrels, j
lizards, snakes, "etc. and ants, bees,;
wasps, old and young*, tog-ether with i
their eggs and larvae," and tlieir moss, j
■Trass and paper nests.    Craunched and !
Tiie
Agents forB. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal
City Planing Mills.
Connects al, Spokane with
GRKAT NORTHERN RAILWAY
NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY
0. R. R. & NAVIGATION CO.
Leaves Nelson 9:40 a. m.
Maps furnished, Ticket.* sold and information-
{riven by local and connecting'Hoe Ticket agents-
C. G. DIXON, G-. P. & T. A.
Spokane, Wash
NAVIGATION
& TRADINGCO.,  LTD.
Summer Time Card effective June in, 18!*8.
Subject, to change without notice.
SS.
South Bound
Read down.
Nakusp,
Is ;: comfortable hold bir traveller
lo slop at.
Mrs/McDougald.
CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS
Monday,  Monday   I'Vae.l.ioii.M.l,   Sunshine,
KitSii   Frsiccional,  Yakima,  (l-!v»;;on
and  "Mine *ti in<■ raI  Claims.
rituaie in the Slociiti .Mining Division ol' W-'i'St
Kootenay District. Where loca led: At
the head :>f Howson Creek.
fortunate, as there is a predominance of j quickly as a. boy eats a buttered muffins
melodv in their  national music, which1
no doubt shows itself in the lullabys.   In
Germanv babes are suri«* to sleep with
harmonious lullabs, as m that;  "and of
music harmony occupies the first place.
Bv the North Sea, in the "Land of Mid-
niisht'Sun," we hear the mother singing*
luilahvs that are  weird and wild and
full of queer fancies     The  following* is
Norse  lullahv,   written  by  M.  L. Van
Vorst:
hashed. do'wA all goes to his marvellous  ^AKE notice that I, williani S,DrewJT,.act
stoinach and vanish as if cast into a tire.
What digestion!    A sheep or wounded
deer or   pig   lie   eats   warm  about as
Over the crust of the hard, white snow,
The little feel, of the reindeer tro
f flush, hush, the winds are low'.
And th • lin:: littl • liel's arc riiv,'iiigr!
Nothing ca i reach Mice of w >e or liirm —
S:ife iu'tli • shelter of mother's arm
i Kush. hush, the wind's a charm).
And mother's voice is ship-in;,'.
Father is coniinir—he ride* apace :
Kleet, are the steeds with the winds that ra
(Hush, hush, for a. litfie space) :
'Che snow to his mantle's clinjfiuer
Mis flvinj*: <tced with the wind's abreast—
Hereby the lire are warmth and rest
(Hush,'hush, i" your little nest).
And mother's voire is snip- nu'-
(>ver the crust •>•'' lb" snow, hard by.
The little feet "!' the reindeer fly
(Mush. hush, in your little u*! i.
Aud the line beds are i inffiu/J !
Nothinir can reach us of woe or harm -
Sale in the shelter of father's arm
- Mush. bush, the wind's a charm.),
And mother's voice is siiiiriii.'i.
or, should the meat be a month old, it
is still welcomed with tremendous
relish After so gross a meal as this,
perhaps the next' will be strawberries
and clover, or raspberries and mushrooms and nuts, or puc.kery acorns
and chokeberries- And, as if fearing
that anything eatable in all his dominions should" escape being eaten, he
breaks into cabins to look after dried
i apples, bacon, etc.: but when he has
| had a full meal of more tempting dain-
I ties he usually leaves it undisturbed,
! though he has been known to drag it
1 up throiurh a hole in the roof, carry it to
.the foot of a tree and lie down on it and
; enjoy
j never is .      .
,man alone is an enemy to be feared.
j ''Bar meat.*' said a hunter, from whom I
: was seeking information ; "bar meat is
! the best meat in the mountains, their
: .skins make the best beds and their
grease the best butter. Biscuit shorten-
j ed with Vi'ir grease goes as far as beans:
' a man will walk all' day on a couple of
; them biscuit."
Voracious    iTatrle    Robins.
J. insr as ajsrent for thi'Sunshine, Mining Com-: III)
paiiv." Limited, Free Miner's certilieate \ fsS)
No.12071 A. intend, sixty-days frour the date I (jj<,
hereof, to apply to the' Mining' Recorder for j ((('t
certificates of'improvements, for the purpose of
obtaining1 a crown grant of ouch of tho above
claims.
And further lake notice tliat action under Sec.
37 must be commenced before the. issuance of such
certificates of improvements.
Dated this .-list day of October. 189K.
W. S. DREWRY.
Havana   Mineral (Hahri
a    siesta.        Eating    everything, i section   37.   must   he   commence
•1     i- ii-  , % u , .„.',«    „,7i - issuance ol .-neb eertiiicat.e ol   1m
is he himself except by man, and      Dntvd Ulis.lri, ,lrty „,- March, isn:
Situate in the Sloean .Mining Division of West
Kootenay District. Whore located: On
North Fork of Carpenter Creek-, about one
and one-half mile^ from Three Forks, R. C    ,
TAKE NOTICE that I. E. M. Sandilands. F. M.
C. No. lll.iaA, aifent for Henrietta Ointzbnr- ;
•;cr. F.AI.C.Xo. .'larilo intend.CO days from the date !
hereof, to apply to  the JMining  Recorder for a '
Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of
obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice  that,  action, under
be   commenced  before  the
m prove mollis.
I.
IJiiisy,
Kastern,
f-'larenr?
iii Scotland   it   is
lullaby.-; are touched
the national   Scott;si
the   bagpipes.    Sir
written "A
probable  that   the
with strains  from
i-biirn   instruinent,
Waiter   Scott     has
Ijiillaby uf an infant Chief,"'
it
i!d   not ascertain   whether
as iieeii set '<> music, or not.
'.v*
1111
c, are a I
uilabv •
A wonkl-be philanthropist relates his
experiences trying to play mother to a
nest of little robins, which had by some
accident been deprived of their rightful
mother's care. He diligently set to
work digo*in»* angleworms, and suppos-
in»- that'he wasfulfillinghis whole duty,
if the   rioor   little
; Situate* in the Sloean Mining Division of West
Kootenay District V\rhere located: \\'est
of Mowson ('reek, near the Alamo.
: i-pAKE NOTICE tliat !. W. S. .Drewry. a< aneut
:   L     for The Scottish Colonial  G-obl Fields. Ltd..
F. M. Cert. Xo. XIiilT.a. and   George \V.  Hughes. '
F. il. Cert. Xo. U-liiTo. intend  sixty days from (he !
dab'   hereof   to   apidy   to the  .Minim-   lice inter i
for eerlilicates of  impi-ovemonls   I'm- thc pur|iose i
uf <ilitsiiniiiir C'-nwn   irraiits •■! each ■>! the aiiove
claims.
And further ;
tion :17 niiist In
of such ccrtilie.
Dated thisi'nt
•.k
l.i>t  :J*iKf;-<-H;u!stono M
Dim-
when one of the   j'.ioor   little  sougstcn
Upon   examination   of the hedy
writte.n I which was   reduced   to skin   and   hone
il s;d: to musi-.
familiai- with  that beauti-
■v.vcrt. and "7.>w, Sweet andj (Me;
Li<w,\Vind ni i lie "tVesteni Sea,
by iLord 'IViiuysoii, a in
liarold Tliniiias.
• Chopin. Si.-.piH'.n   Heller,  LinbiMistein,
h'l.bert Schumann.   Edon.-ird_ Grii.'t;,
Norwegian,   and   many   other   of
•sr-.-.O. composers of iiisr.i*u;nenta! music,
have   writ'ti'.n   cradle-soi,'.rs. but   I   will
11 >t cnimerafe them here. ....
e' ever the third one died
>v i tiie foster pare.nt came to the cnnciiisuni
! that it must have died of starvation
Deeply o-rieved   at his  shortcomin-_s,
he. i-eiloitbTed his   efforts  determined to
at    least sav.-    the  other two.    it w.:s
^  1
1,-
the
the
nor
ong. however,  beAre a. secon:! one
.   evirleut'y    of   the  sa:ac   mala'
ie :rood man (lien resolved that
Coming to onr own Ann.'.rica we. nave.
of it
witar-
should not
Situate in tin
Koot i.'i:ay
»i\-1 •   mill's e
Ka-:i,.   ami
Cari'ooi    Mi
I Vilii-'-O   ( 'nil
!i:-.!ij'.
■t-'AK'E Xi i'I'ICK thai 1.
i      e.-cnt    (er   Edwiirtl
:il.ri."i7. ami .'•.. U*. Sie_le. !
.-.ix* \' day- frmn 1 he dan-
Aliii'iu.'.:' 'Recorder fi r ■■•■
mcnls foi- the imrii'-.-e o,' n
of tlieabnvc ci.iiin.
And iiiribi r ia.\e uotiei
lion .'17 must be comnn ! e
.-.iieh errtilica'e ol iinj.-r-/.
Dated this .-.';i|]i ,|;,y of.I
: ii Min 111.1; J 'i'.' i
ief .      W 'l(!]-e   lon.'l
>f   .\!--f.: itiv.-i ij   *-;e
11   uailw;
claim of
1 ii
I,-,,1
.i.-ihi.u.
'   .M.i'.X-
!icr-if :
cert-iiical
biaiiiitu.- ;
■  : ii.i
INTERNATIONAL.
North Bound
Read up.
SAX1ION
Train lvs Dally, l.on pm   Train ar daily 10.50 am
KASLO
.-" ar :-' t'.'loiun Train lv '*' S.OOam
&Boat lv 3.30 am —Kaslo— Boat ar S.:j0 pu'-Z'
Z,      "     1.30 am    Ainsworth '•      7.30 pm_
t^"      -     5.00 am     Pilot Bay •'     <*.-t5 pm =
a       "     5.30 am      Balfour •'      H.10 pm'/-
j^Boat ar (i.lo am. Five Alile Pr        ••      5.2S pm ;
•      '*     7.15 am      Nelson " lv 1.45 pm ^
sTrainar 10.05am Northport Train Iv 1.55 pm ••.
=       ;'      1120 am   Rowland "    12.05 pnv-E
•~      '•        •'! 10 pm    Spokane •'      s.8n;nn±'
SS.
AM-IBR'l
Sand
,.\
VI.on jiui
Kuslo
ar S.-J5 Jim
v 5.(10 pm AIo&T
ii.20jim .\i::sworth Hi
7.0a run   i'it.ot Hay
10.!io;iii! Kuskonook
I2.0iiprn Oo«t River
1.0(i am   Boundary
.-.oo am Bonner's 'S'vy ■    lv
-TfTrain lv il.-to .-tin       "       '['lain ar
ar 2.-15 I'iii Spokane      '"     lv
.Rend up.
>:i
Daily train arlo.50 am
lv   s.Oi'ain
Boat a r 1.00 pm
it; ar J1.-I0 pm.-
11 1.0 iiin,-
s.OO 11111^
iioopmj..
">.00 Jim >
2.(X) pm-_'
1.15 pm _
7.50 nm'7:
-SiMXUAL KOOTENAY LAKE SERVICK.
Com men ci ns -Tune 20, lSDS.
On Mpi'ilay, Thursday and Friday ss  Allien a
wil: (cave Kaslo 5 p. m. for Ainsworth, Pilot Bav,
aud Nclscn.    Leuvin.L'- Nelson  at ;:i a. in., Tucs-
-. Friday and Saturday, calliu.u- at Pilot. Bay,
Aiusw irth and K.aslo. and /ill way points.
GEORGE   ALEXANDER. Gen'i .Uy-
P. O. Box 122. Kaslo. B.C.
I CV V LUUi
**• <»•     \V>-    aim •*&'   «*■ £1
TIME CARD
Taking* effect 1.00 o'clock a. ra.
Jan. 3, 1899, Pacific or 120th Meridian time.
Subject to change without notice
A.M.
Arrivt
:. IS 55 P..U
•A 20 •'
v    O ', ' f
"> 10 "
2 00 ■'
I -15 "
1 34 "
1 23 "
1  15 "
Kaslo
SouHi Fork
Sproule's '
Whitewata:
Bear Lake
McGuipan
Bailey's
Cody "Junction  ••
Sandon Lcav<
CODV    LINE.
ll.OOa.m -— Sandon —  Arrive,  11.51) a.m
11.10   " Cody Junction Leave. 11.50 a.m
Arrive, 11.25   "    —   Codv    -- ••     n.35a.m
IOBT. IRVING,
Traffic Afnerr.
GEO. h\ COPELAND,
Superlnteiu'icr.i
For cneap  railroad and steamship tickets  to
Hamp<on,    Victory fimi
3Iint!r;il  Cliiiins.
i«_V 1 ;""' from -ill  points, apply t
W \ ft
CAMPBELL,
tVcent, Sandon.
TIb ProsueGtors' Assay Oil;
Brandon, B. C,
Assay Price  List :
tlce   1 Hal   aciion uniler •-.,
ivimnienced   !:rfi>re the i.-.-'uau
■s ol imiiroyciui.:i!i.-'.
dav ofJiiniiarv. 1.~;: *: * -
\V. .--. ld.'EWHV
, Gold. Silver, or Lcad.CJK'h	
Gold. Silver and Lead, combmed...
: Gold and Silver	
! Silver and Lead	
' (>!>•-(':• fby Electrolysis;.	
, i.'!old. Silver. Coppe.r and I.evd	
Gold ami (.lopper	
Silver and Copiier	
Gold. Silver a;id ('opo.-i     	
Plaliimm	
Mercury	
"Iron or' Maucane-i.-.	
Lime,   M.-.L'tii'siinu.  l>.-u-.iiiii.  Silica.
.-•hiir. each	
nmih.Tiu. i.'iliait. Xiekel. Aulit:
>'ine. ami  Arsenic, ca.-li	
(••i.-il (Fi.vc'd Carbon. Yob'il,, Ma:tiT.
-ecniiiire   of   Coke, if  C,
SI .50
:■* w
2 00
2 00
2 IK'
1 uf)
2 5"
2 50
.", 00
r, no
A =h
ikin.i:
Terms:
Tune .'nth. 1SU5.
C.'jsJ)   V.ith   xnietlc,
FRAIOC DIGK
,    Assayer and   Artalist
A car load ■ ;' fro-ii   o-nuvi-ics.   inehul-
ins'a trrcat varii'ty oi'ciiMiicI _*im>.-Is just
received at B
ifiiirnc itrii- THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 23, 1899.
Sixth Year
THK    COIJVTKT    SEWSP.1PRK.
Then: is a little country
and read—
A papejr. poorly ! Tinted and
indeed';
With p&gts small and narrow, mid ink inclined
tu spread,
And here and there a letter gravely stand on iti«
head,
Or caps, a bit erratic, are popping into vietv
3n   unexpected   places,    and 'knocking-   things
askew.
A real old fashioned pa|x.;r from my littlw native
town ;
Each week I hail  it? coining- and I never put it
down
Till 1 read its every column, all the local  news
vouknow :
About  tne dear old country folks, I  lived with
long- ago.
pai>er that i love to «t
behind  the time.*
whose cattle  look
if won-
I uote whose burn is painted
the prize.
And how Uriah Potts has raised a squash
drous size.
How farmer Martin's daughter takes the school
another year—
At this I pause and smile a bit and f>el  a trifle
queer—
Remembering- how in   bygone days  when life
seemed made of mirth.
1 thought  this schoolma'am's mother was the
sweetest girl on earth.
And now and then, perchance, I read, mat one I
knew ia dead,
Or find, agaiu. some boyhood chum the second
time has vred ;
And so it goes, and none can know what memories sad and sweet,
Comeback to rnc  wheue're I read this homely
little sheet.
—E. G. in the Iowa Reformer"
"GAMBLING    IN    CAKTHOO.
High   Stavk««
Played   for
Sixties.
in  the    Kiirly
During-  16iil-G*2,    when   each   claim
about liichiield produced from 25 lbs. to
50 lbs. of gold daily, it was a very lively
town.    The most popular games of the
time were "Faro,""Monte/' and "Draw
Poker."   The stakes played for sometimes ran  up into thousands.    Woodward and Copeland's faro game dealt
an open limit of $100 to high  rollers,
who invariably  played to  win or lose
$10,000 at a sitting.   On one occasion a
gambler named  Pete Liberty, haying
lost his last dollar   in a poker game,
stood watching the players, when somebody dropped a fow checks on the floor,
and' in picking them up left a splitter
(which is half" the value of the regular
check) for the sweeper.   This diminutive piece of ivory did not escape the
eagle eye   of  Pete Liberty,  and   not
many moments elapsed before he had
possession   of  it.    The last   turn  was
ebout to be made with a five, nine, and
jack in the box.   He placed the splitter
on the nine and called   it nine jack.
The turn came just as he   called  it.
This gave him two checks more to play
the next deal with, at the end of which
he was playing the limit, and before
going to bed  that night had  won the
the extraordinary sum  of $16,000 with
only a splitter for a starter.
"Spanish Monte" was the favorite
game with the old-timers, who played
it in real Mexican style, and it was
amusing to hear old Californians sav
"San Viejo" and "Tecolote Chiquita.*"
The amount that a player could bet was
$100 straight upSlOO "Viejo," practically
a $200 limit. rrhe term "Viejo" is used
to denote the suit of the opposite card
of the layout. For instance, if the
queen of hearts and the five of diamonds
is the layout, the five of hearts would
be "Viejo." Thus, if a player staked
55100 on the five of diamonds straight up
and $100 "Viejo," and the five of hearts
won, he would be paid $200 ; and if the
queen of diamonds won for the dealer
tho player lost $200, and any other suit
winning player or dealer would only
lose $100 straight up. If the player
won his straight up and "Viejo" bets,
he was priveleged to put ud the whole
sum of $400 on "Tecolote." This means
that the player bets that another five
will appear before a queen. Should he
win this also he is allowed to play the
whole amount on "Tecolote Chiquita,"
which signifies that he bets the last five
will appear before another queen. In
this manner sacks of gold dust containing fiom $100 to $1,000 would change
hands as often as a baseball in a league
game, until it was finally lost over the
bank and another took its place. Many
large bets by professional sports have
been made, but the most money that
was ever put up by one man at "Monte"
was by Johnny Witson, who turned a
card for |930 and won it.
Draw poker was a very popular game
in 1862, and many big games were played in Jim Woodward's saloon, at Rich
field, when flour, bacon and beans sold
at $1   a   pound,   and   everybody had
plenty of gold to pay for it.' Joe Copeland/Joe  Stewart,' Abbott, and  Bob
Nobles were the big four that used to
play together, and it was not unusual
for   one of the  party to   get up from
the  table  $10,000   winner."     In  those
lively times the saloons kept open all
night/for no well-regulated poker game
was ever played until after lamp light,
which is no   doubt   for the purpose of
allowing the players to pull their hats
down over   their   eyes and appear to
look wise.   Joe Stewart was considered
the best   poker player in the country,
but luck did not seem to favor him     On
one occasion he had three aces to ooen
the pot with, and he bet $20.    Copeland
raised him $50 on  queens up,  Abbott
raised Copeland $100 on three jacks.
When it came to   Noble's turn to play
he only had a pair of deuces, but made
a bluff to steal the  pot by betting'8500.
All hands called  the bet,   which  made
the pot about $2,000.    Joe Stewart drew
two cards and   got   a   pair of  kings;
Copeland   drew   one card and   got  a I
queen ; Abbott drew two cards and got j
two tens ; Nobles drew three cards and
got two deuces.  Then the betting commenced.   Joe Stewart   bet $500,' Copeland saw his $500  and  raised  him $500
more     Abbott  called  Copeland's raise
of $500 and  bet $1,000,  Stewart  called
Abbott's raise,  and Copeland  laid  his
hand  down • when   it came to  Nobles
turn to play  he  raised  Stewart $1,000,
Abbott stood  the raise,  which .Stewart
also called.    On  the show  down,   Bob
Nobles, the lucky  emigrant, of course,
won   the   pot    with  his  four    deuces.
This man in his short stay of six months
in liichlield   won  and  took  away with
him over $30,000, which he.  with poker
player's usual luck, divided up among
the gamblers of San Francisco, returning a few months   later   to   the scene of
his snece-shil operations dead broke
selected.   This need not be a developed
mine, but one possessing the character:
istics that eventually make one.    No
amount of development work will make
a mine if the mineral is not placed thare
by nature.   Thus it is absolutely necessary  to be very careful in selecting the
property.    Then  again the way those
who know virtually nothing at all about
mining conduct its affairs are reallv responsible   >or their   full   share   of the
recorded failures  in mining.    Many a
good   mining   property   is reported a
failure owing to  incompetent management.   Generally this mismanagement
takes place mile's away  from .the real
base of operation.    These directors are
comfortably ensconced, in a well furnished room in'the rear of some prominent
banking   institution  and   around   the
directors' table,  over which the affairs
of a nation are discussed.   These men
probably never saw a mine, yet they
are well" versed in  business matters of
all   kinds   and   proceed   on   the same
basis.   Thev have a good mine, with a
10-stamp mil), making good profits considering the size of the milling plant. -It
is here where trie good business tactics
come in.   A big stock of goods and increased sales means larger returns.   In
their opinion a  larger  mill will do the
business.    A few more miners  put to
work will supply this mill with ore, and
the profits must certainly  be forthcoming.   They lose sight of the fact that it
is necessary to keep a "stock" of ore in
sight.    In their opinion all that is necessary is to put more men to work.  More
men can take out.the required amount
To do "dead" work and put the necessary ore in sight to them is not good
business.    However, they find out their
mistake when it is too iate.   They have
a good mill,  but not sufficient  ore  to
keep it   going.    Thus   a   failure is recorded.    Time and space will not permit to lay down a set of rules and causes
of the failure in inining.    They are too
many.     Good,    careful    management
when a mine   is  found   is absolutely
necessary.    In   the  first place a good
prospect' is   one of   the   principle   requisites.   There need be recorded but
few failures in  mining if good careful
judgement is first used in selecting the
property:     This is   too    often  left   to
incompetent   hands.—Western Mining
World.      _    _	
PROS!    ATbIS    OITV.
immediately, unless it is something
they ought not to believe.
It takes continual hammering* to make
any advertising profitable.
Be sure you are pushing your best
points forward, then keep on pushing
and'vou'll-win out.
THE   BUSINESS   MAN.
life  is   full  of
He comes into
The business man's
crosses and temptations
the world without his consent, goes out
against his will, and the trip between
the two extremities.exceedingly rocky.
The rule of contraries is one of the important features of the trip. When he
is little the big girls kiss him, and when
he is big the little girls kiss him. If he
raises a large family he is a chump; but
if he raises a small cheque he is a thief
and a fraud, and. he is shunned like a
Chinaman with the seven-year itch. If
he is poor, he is a bad manager; if he is
rich, he's dishonest; if he's out-of
politics, you can't tell where to place
him, and he's no good to his country; if
he don't give for charity, he's a stingy
cuss and lives only for himself; if he
dies young, there was a great future
ahead of him ; if he lives to an old age,
he has missed his calling. He is introduced to this world by a' dector, and to
the next by the same process. The
road is rock'v. but man likes to travel it
MRS.    ATKrXS.
I leftSkagway Monday, February 20.
It was 10 degrees below zero.   Rode on
train 18 miles over the White Pass for
the small sum of $5.    It took us six and
a half   hours to get   to   the   summit.
There it was   3fi°   below and an  awful
wind.   There were about 100 teams on
the White Pass that day in sight at one
time.   Many a face was  frozen.    We
got to Log   Cabin   that night,   haying*
walked 16 miles during the afternoon.
On the  21st   it was 37° below at  Log
Cabin.   Here meals are $1. each ; 50c
for a bunk whether you have your own
blankets or not,   and   the same prices
prevail all   the way to Atlin.,   This is
the first time I ever eat horseflesh.    I
understand that a horse was snowbound
on the trail  and could not get either
way.   There was no food for the animal
so it was shot and we got some of it for
supper—$1   a  meal;   very  cheap   for
horse meat.    At Log Cabin the snow is
five or six feet deep', some places-on the
trail it is from seven to 10 feet.   Freight
from Skagway to Atlin is 17c per lb. by
dog team or horses.    Horses are driven
here one   ahead   of the other.    There
are, I understad, about 3,000 horses on
the trails.    Feed is $20  for $100 lbs. of
hay, and grain the same.    Horses are
of no use here.   In two months, or as
soon as the lakes open up, they will be
of no use.   But there are enough horses
here at anv rate.
The alien law has put a stop to work
here; nothing doing at all. There is
only one building going up to speak of,
and' that is for the banks of Commerce
and Halifax. The Government officers
are all in one building about 15x120.
No work here at all; very dull and 40°
below zero. The old teamsters say that
this is the coldest they have had this
winter. Vou can see all sorts and
varieties of frozen feet, from the toe up
to the knee, on some men on the trail.
Hbnrv Cargill.
To Tommy all thc plory,
To us wi'mmen ail the tan.
So s'elp me that's the story
In a liloomin' puner bag-.
O, I woes out. chariii' every day,
Till iny back is nearly broke",
Ooinin' 'oino to 'e;ir the liyby cry—
Life ain't no liloomin' jok'<>.
Tlie Kurnil's wife she visitsus,
She preaches Gord and suap ;
She makes a nice,; infernal fuss ;
She's gone—I. can't but mope.
It's an Mlisti 'ole islndycr,
'Tain't no liloomin' coral strand ;
An' every hand's again yer,
In that orful thirsty land.
IVen nigger'elpcall'd Abdul—
'E's a devil who'll he diurui'd ;
'E's thc. hirst drop in the cupful
O' a life with worry eraiuici'd.
'E thumps the byby on the 'ead.
Gives it lioperum to eat,
And when tho critter looks like dead,
'E says 'tis the bally heat.
Me'usband 'e's a yorry, too,
An' 'e gits right'out o"and ;
The Kurnil's lady's ayah, Lu.
An' 'e flirt at the band.
I'd like to punch 'er ugly 'ead,
An' comb Jim's sandy 'air;
I orften wishes I were (tend,
An' free from karkin' car*.
For Tommy 'as the glory,
An' the wlmmeii 'as the grind ;
It's just the old, old story
Of tlie woman left be'ind.
Rudyard Kiplin', 'e's a poet,
Of that there ain't no doubt;
But 'e writes's bloomfn'poems,
Air 'e leaves the wintmeii out.
—The Sketch.
Winnipeg.
acrjnee
I am leaving Sandon
selling  my  large
stock of. '. .  .
Watches,
Jewelery,
Clocks and
ilvenvare
at the very lowest possible prices. I wish to
clear oat the whole line.
This is the opportunity
to secure bargains. . . .
Being the only Scientific Optician in the
Slocan you will see the
need of having your
eyes properly fitted with
glasses before my departure, which will be
very soon.
Q. W, GRIMMETT,
Jeweler and Optician,
Sanndomi.
To the Ladies of
amid
o
o
GREETING:—- We have on hand
about 400 pairs of Ladies'and Children's
shoes which we are to dispose of at a
sacrifice in order to make room in our
salesroom for new stock now on the road.
The stock includes a fine line of Tie,
Strap and Buckle Slippers in Tan and
Black Ladies' lace and button shoes-
latest styles. 77
Quilted Satin and Felt Slippers.
Children's Spring & High-heel shoes
A special line of Boys School Shoes.
E. R. ATHERTON CO., Ltd,
POST OFFICE STORE. SANDON.
bacon
Is not always at your
command iu a mining
camp, but you can
get the best on the
market	
AT HO BEN'S
HATS
HATS
We have just [received a large consignment of thoroughly up-to-date goods
from the leading Eastern dealers.   The prices will not allow the goods
-——to remain long in stock.       Call early.———
Hunter Bros.
SANDON -
ROSSLAND
"Sweating"    i<
It is all very well to be an enthusiastic friend of labor. Practice, as well
as talk, and don't send east to "sweating" shops because things are cheaper,
but buy where fair treatment is accorded to employees. Tn Winnipeg, where
no Chinese are employed, we find that
a factory pays for making* overalls,with
four pockets, 70 cents per dozen pairs,
or *2c. apiece, and this gives the &*iris
the magnificent income "of from $2 to;$4
a week. Thev now want the factory
to give them three meals a day. No
Chinaman would work for such a wage,
and certainly no white girl should.
Whether the girls will get there three
meals a day is uncertain, as right does
not alwavs succeed in this world of ours.
And if you find it hard
to get first-class canned goods, butter and
eggs, fruits and vegetables, you should. . .
TRYHOBEN
Provides ample and pleasant accommodation lor the traveling public.
Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.
HENRY STEGE, - - -      ...     \ Proprietor.
IMPATIENCE    IN    ADVERTISING.
Under the caption " Impatience in
Advertising,1'the Seattle Trade Register publishes the following pertinent
remarks by C. V. White, the Trade
Register's special advertising correspondent :
If one merchant makes advertising
paying, there is no reason why another
merchant in the same line cannot.
There is no legitimate reason.
The man who is discouraged in his
advertising should write this fact down
The proper kind of advertising, the
kind that is culminative, requires time.
When the results do come, they don't
come with a rush. The growth is of the
substantial, healthy kind.
Beginners get impatient waiting for
returns, are worried over their competitors large ads. It is a great deal better
to have a 4-inch ad. every day for a
year than a 12-inch ad. for three months.
It will bring more business finally.
It is a matter of utter indifference to
most people whether they trade, at a
certain store or not. If the idea strikes
them right, they make a change, Advertising influences people to make a
change; causes them to be more particular, more exacting It creates demand.
Hundreds of auvertiscnionts create
demands tnat the store they advertise
cannot satisfy. Although the demand
is created, it is not :rood advertising1.
Townsite entries may be made by incorporated towns and cities on the "mineral lands of the United States, but no
title can be acquired by such towns or
cities to any vein of gold, silver, cinnabar, copper or lead, or to any valid
mining claim or possession held under
existing law. When mineral veins are
possessed within the limits of an incorporated town or city, and such possession is recognized by local authority or
by the laws of the United States, "the
title to town lots is subject to such
recognized possession and the necessary
use thereof, and when entry has been
made or patent issued for such town-
sites to such incorporated town or city,
the possessor of such mineral vein may
enter and receive patent for such mineral vein, and the surface ground
appertaining thereto': Provided, That
no entry shall be made by such mineral
vein claimant for surface ground where
the owner or occupier of the surface
ground shall have had possession of the
title of the mineral vein applicant
This is a story told by Sir William
Van Rome: An "American" lady at
the Winnipeg exhibition was viewing
the floral specimens when the question
of nataionl emblems came up. It was
pointed out to her that the rose was the
national flower of England, the thistle
the emblem of Scotland, and the shamrock the emblem of Ireland. "And the
golden rod is the national flower of the
'Americans," she added, "What is Canada's national flower?'' No one answered, and to satisfy her curiosity she
went over to an attendant and inquired, "Whal is Canada's national flower?"
"Ogilvie's ma'am."' said he.
A large stock of gents'
furnishings to select
from; also miners'
supplies and hardware
AT HO BEN'S
Mail orders.
New Denver, B.
C.
Jas. M. Patterson
&  Co.
Dealers in
and a complete line of
$1.00
By using the New Denver envelope in your
correspondence. Printed with your name in
the return corner, and
sold  by  The Ledge at
FIRST HUNDRED,
FIFTY   CENTS   each   subsequent hundred.
Goods.
Eyes tested and glasses
fitted for any vision
Whitewater, B.C,
aslo hotel
Family & Commercial.
L
arge
And
Comfortable
^     Rooms
Fitted with every modern
convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50
and $3 per day.
COCKLE & PAPWORTH,
Proprietors.
DENVER
ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.
To and from European points viu Canadian
and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,
rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.
Ry agent or—
G. B. GARRETT.
C. P. R. Agent, New Denver.
WM. STITT, 3en. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.
BRICK
FOR    SALE.
JOHN   GOETTSCHE,
NEW DENVER.
F.E. MORRISON, dds.
DENTIST
Crown. Plate and Bridge work.
Office, Broken Hill Blk.  Nelson.
The following is too #*ood to he lost, j
It is said to have been found ou the i
wall of a deserted shack in the heart of j
Nebraska: "Fore, miles from a naber, i
sixteen miles from a post oftis, twenty-!
five miles from a ralerode. -foreteen j
miles from a school hons, forty-one miles j
from a church, a hundred aud fifty j
miles from timber, half a mile from j
water. Glold bless our homes, we're
_*one to P»ritish Columbia to get a fresh
start."
FAILURE    IN    MINING.
He is certainly a layman who will
attempt t/> designate the most common
cause of failure, in mining. There is no
.such a tiling. It may be due to a number of causes Of course the one requisite is that a good property must be i don't  believe   very   ,,iuch   of  anythii
I By selecting those things in which!
, you lead, by creating a demand for!
' them, you do good advertising If your j
j competitor uses pages white you use |
| inches, granting that yon are creating i
j a demand that you can supply, his sue- j
; cess should be a matter of indifference i
| to you. Vou can't follow him and ex- j
i pect to succeed. Vou have to branch j
j mir. I like to see a merchant watch his i
j competitors, excel them but not followl
I them. People like to know the business
I policy ofthe store with which they are >
I dealing F,ach store has a certain in-'
j dividuality. if this individuality is thej
| _*ood kind, that should bo. a strong fea-
, ture in everv ad. i'eople will not fall :
i over one another   to   believe it.    Thev!
A line of old newspapers for sale at
this office. In order to clean out the
stock the price has been put at 25 cents
a hundred copies, and no picked
samples. This is one of the opportunities of a life time and should be located
before it is too late.
Wheat (Terms, Swiss Food, Buckwheat Flour, Hygienic Flour and many
other high class foods always in stock
at Bourne, Bros.
F. Pyman has again commenced to do
business in New Denver. Bring your
watches to him when they are out of
order. !
Bourne Bros, have a nice line of
Field. Garden, Flower Seeds and Onion
Sets. Anything not in stock can be
procured upon short notice.
You Can
ave
By selecting your
BROOCHES
PENDANTS
NECKLACES
BRACELETS
From the  immense stock  of Watches  in Solid
G-old, Gold Filled, or Silver Cases, in all sizes
from  the  smallest  in  Lady's to  those
suitable foi- the most severe work.
Set with Diamond;<
Emeralds, Opals, Pearls,
Rubies and Olivines
^Everything in clocks for either Office, Hall,
Mantle or Bedroom. There is nothing in British
Columbia as good in  Jewelery and Silverware.
?_V}»^eU"Known aml Reliable Meiiden Britannia HolIow-wat-P -,,,,1
1847  Rogers Bros. Knives, Forks and Spoons. Good
this store will be ENGRAVED FRKK. Orders
attended to - ' _    _      .
i>y
s "bought in
mail   promptly
JACOB DOVER, Nelson, B. C.

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