BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Ledge Jun 29, 1899

Item Metadata


JSON: xnakledge-1.0307013.json
JSON-LD: xnakledge-1.0307013-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xnakledge-1.0307013-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xnakledge-1.0307013-rdf.json
Turtle: xnakledge-1.0307013-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xnakledge-1.0307013-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xnakledge-1.0307013-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array Volume VI.   No. "89.
NEW DENVER, B.C., JUNE 29, 1899.
Price, $2 00 Year
■ LocAt  chit-chat. | fr0m six toeight   inches in  thickness
was encountered, and the forceofwork-
mon has been increased to 25. On the
Queen Fraction ore that is the same in
appearance as that on the Noonday has
been encountered;
an en-
The Nix  Family  are   playin
gageraent in New Denver.
Divine service at the Presbyterian
church has been changed to 10:30".
D. .1. Young* and his staff were in
town last Friday, taking* views for his
Born—At New Denver, B. C, June
26th, to the wife of Charles J. Loewen,
a. daughter.
Men are working' in the Klondike for
35 cents an hour, without board. Quite
a change in two years.   ,      '
Fishing on the hake has been better
than usual. Six, eight, ten and fifteen
pounders are frequently hooked.
Dr. Brunei*, formerly of Three Forks,
has returned from Dawson to Seattle,
having cleaned up §75,000 in the Klondike.
Three Forks is clearing up grounds
for a football match. They want the
Sandon and. New Denver teams to break
backs there.
The improvements to the Cody road
will be finished next week. The road
has been changed so that the Noble
Five.slide is avoided.
The office and residence of Thompson
. ^ Mitchell will be moved from its pres-
^e'ntlbeation/'fronting on Sixth street^to'
the lot back of the Bank of Montreal,
facing Bellevue avenue.
The trim little pleasure yacht Alert
Avas launched last Thursday night from
tlie ways where it was built near the
power house, and during the week it
has steamed about the lake with its
loads of pleasure seekers. Messrs. An-
grignon and Cook are the owners. Tt
was designed and built by Andrew
The annual school meeting was held
in the school house Saturday morning.
The report of the teacher was read|and
adopted, showing a largely increased
attendance during the year. Dr. J. E.
Brouse was elected trustee. Resolutions were adopted welcoming the new
Superintendent of Education to the position, and recommending the study of
agriculture in the schools.
Payne mine about four days'm company
with the President, Mr. Hogue, and Mr.
Sargent, one of the directors. The
development of the mine under the
superintendency of Carl Hand has been
most satisfactory. A cross-cut tunnel
running from the'No. 2 level has opened
up three parallel veins,/one of which
contains more ore than the original vein
which had been worked, and should this
also be found to be the case on the levels
to keep development well ahead of the.
actual shipments, the mine will steadily
increase in value. The transfer of the
mine to the Canadian company will be
completed this week. The necessary
papers are now in Victoria, and the new
stock will be issued at once."
• Mr. McCuaig also announced that arrangements were being made to list the
Payne on the London market at an early
date.    What caused the very consider-
From our Hegular Correspondent.
Sheriff Tuck of Nelson was in town
Miss L. E. Moss left Saturday for
Vancouver, where she will spend the
J. F Cottom, managing director of
the Arlington mine returned to town
A. L. Teeter has returned from attending* the grand lodge meeting of the
I. 0. O. F. at Vancouver.
W. L Potter returned last week from
the Boundary country, where he has
been putting in the winter among* the
The pack trains are kept fairly busy
taking out supplies'to the many claims
that are being worked in this neighborhood.
On the Bank of Eng*land claim a clean
galena pay-chute has been struck in
the tunnel being* driven on the lead.
More men are to be put on at once.: 7 ,
'■d'Anrelecfiioli''of ^scliool trustees^took
place last Saturday, to fill the vacancies
caused by the removal trom town of H.
J. Robertson and Thos. O'Neil. Archie
York and W.-S. Johnson  were elected.
Nick Polo brought in a very fine
sample from his claims, the Mountain
Chief and Young* America, on the first
north fork of Lemon creek, this week,
which is freely specked with gold. The
about two feet wide of free
assays go
and 5 to . 10
it will probably produce more than the I able slump in Payne stocks? was asked
entire output of the mine at the present
date. Instead of the mine above No. 2
level being exhausted, the ore reserves
are greater than anticipated. While I
was at the mine, the tunnel at the No. 5
level reached the ore chute at the expected point, and an ore chute was also
coming up from below, which indicated
the presence of another ore body. At
the present time there is more than
twice as much ore in sight in the mine
than when it passed into our hands, and
as the intention of the  new  company is
of Mr. McCuaig. "It was caused," he
replied, "because of a rumor 'which had
heen circulated all over with a view to
bear the stock. It was stated, in fact,
that the mine had been shut down and
would not" be re-opened. You can judge
how absurd the story was, when it is
well known to all who will take the
trouble to visit the mine, that at the
time of the temporary close-down, there
was sufficient pre blocked out and ready
for shipment to pay dividends at the
present rate for the next five years."
ledge is
milling quartz.     Averag*e
2*o Id
Ten men are doing surface work at the
Emily Edith.
W H. Sandiford inspected the Hartney group Saturday.
The Tacoma smelter is being enlarged
to a capacity of 350 tons.
Forty menare.employedat the Payne
and I he force is being increased.
The deal for the Galena Mines by the
Standard Oil people is liable to be closed
any day.
Work will be put on the Ruby and
Perseverance claim, starting next week.
'They are situated close to NewDenver.
Something big has been struck on
the Willa claim, Eight mile, but the
particulars of the strike have not been
A large ore house is being* erected on
the Bosun. A number of men are employed doing surface work, besides the
force employed in the No. 3 tunnel.
A ledge similar in character to that
on the Neglected has been uncovered
on the Sarah Jane, an adjoining claim
situated to the southeast. A tunnel
will be driven on it at once.
The Chapleau, near Slocan City has
been bonded to J. M. Williams, from
Anstralia. The amount is 830,000, and
the payments extend over 10 months,
with a guarantee that §4,000 worth of
work will be done.
Work will commence on the Molly
Gibson next month. Ten miles of a
wagon road will be built from Kootenay lake to the mine. The government gives no aid, but suggests that
the company build the road and put
toll gates upon it.
Highly   encouraging   reports   come
from the Noonday and Queen Fraction.
On the former another strike was made
during the week that exceeds all pre
vious showings.     A chute of clean ore
from S130 to $1S0 in
ozs. silver.
The Springer creek wagon road needs
repairing very badly and at once. In
its present condition it can only be used
as a trail, and it is to be hoped that the
government will not let much more of
the summer go by before attending to
it. This road should also be completed
to the Two Friends hill, and the road
built up Lemon creek. Both are badly
needed as they would serve to open up
this valuable mineral section laying
between Lemon creek and the summit
between Ten Mile and Springer. There
is no part of British Columbia where
roads can be more needed.
Assessment work has just been done
on the Dewdney group, on the 1st north
fork of Lemon creek, where a 40 foot
tunnel has been driven on the lead,
which is all mineralized. The formation is granite, with a limestone belt
running with'the ledge, which is quartz.
In places there is three feet of wash
but where this has been removed the
ledge shows about 16 feet in width, and
no sign of either wall has yet been
found. The quartz carries iron and
copper with some galena. The assays
taken last year gave from So to S9 in
gold and from 40 to 70 ozs. in silver per
ton, but the ore has improved in the
work clone this year. The nroperty is
owned by R. D. Kennedy," Nick Mc-
Kian and Wm. Kerr. It' adjoins the
White Sparrow on the same lead
Ore Kiiough in Sight to Pay the Regular
Montlily Dividends for five Tears.
Another horrible accident occurred in
the   War   Eagle   mine1 last   Saturday
morning in  which  two men were instantly killed, a third died a few minutes after being brought to the surface,
and fourth after being in the hospital
six hours.   A fifth man was injured but
he will recover.     The accident was the
consequence of an explosion caused by
an overlooked shot, in which two sticks,
or a little over a pound of powder had
been left.    The particulars,  as far as
can be gathered, are as follows: Charles
Lee, Mike Griffin, Charles Sturgess and
Charles Coulson, di illmen, and Daniel
Green,  mucker,  were working  in the
west drift on the 625-foot level, 100 feet
from the shaft, having gone to work at
7 o'clock.   Lee and Green were working  one   machine   and  Sturgess and
Coulson were working* another.   About
20 holes had been put in the face of the
drift.   The hole in which the explosion
occurred was in about id inches.     It is
supposed that   the   concussion   of the
drills started the powder and caused
the disaster.     The cut hole in question
■ was blasted on  Wednesday night, and
was drilled by the same shift which was
at work when the explosion  occurred,
the hole having been drilled on Tuesday.   The drift in which the men were
working is from 6 to 8 feet  wide, and
'owing lo"tKe:"cH6'nfi'ned^^e^." tlB sligh't'7
est explosion would be-disastrous.
The noise of the explosion was heard
by a number of men working* 50 feet
away on the same level, but not in the
same drift. They understood at once
that an accident had occurred, as this
was not the time for the firing to take
place, and they at once ran to the spot
to learn what the extent of the
accident was. They were met
by Coulson, who was the least injured
of the party, and who, numb and bleeding, was staggering forward towards
them. He told them what had happened, and word was sent to headquarters and aid asked for. The foreman immediately went down with a
force of men. The smoke by this time
had cleared from the drift, and the four
men were found lying on the ground
covered with broken rock.     This  was
Speaking recently in an interview, C.
J. McCuaig, one of the promoters of the
Montreal syndicate that lately acquired
the Payne mine, said to the News-Advertiser : In order to satisfy myself as to
the likelihood of the Payne being a permanent property, I paid a visit to the
Coeur d'Aiene district, which has the
largest silver-lead mines in the world.
I found that the mines there are working
at a depth of 1,600 to 1,800 feet, and will
sink 2,000 feet lower just as soon as the
necessary arrangements are made. I
learned that the silver-lead mines almost invariablv continue as far down as
they can be worked economically, maintaining the size and value of the ore
bodies as they go down.   I   was at the
OOTBALL is something that anyone can play at, but few are cut but for it
and can do the thing as it ought to be done.   It isn't everything to know
how to kick the ball, though this, too, is most essential.     Nor is it all
the game to be able to put on  a pair of short pants and expose  the
ugly part of man's anatomy  to  the  public gaze without   the blush of
modesty climbing, to the cheek, /hough .this, too,. isan  impprtanjt7par*t;
'T<n"aLlTC76ptb"all"ar_is'ts 'to' learn.   To be a football player requires  qualities that all
men do not possess—qualities  that  make  presidents  and millionaires—qualities
that make good men die young—qualities that tend to'make the foot the more important part of man than the head—qualities, as the orator would  say  it, that go
to build palaces for vendors  of  hospital tickets,  splints  and bandages and porous plasters, and. make  fat and  flourishing" the consecrated grounds where the dead men lie.
All New Denverites have not these qualities, but.all these qualities
are in some New Denverites. This was proven Saturday evening
when the Regulars were called upon to meet and vanquish a
scratch team styling themselves the Veterans. It was composed of
some of the town's most distinguished "has-beens", including such
athletic spirits as Gold Commissioner Sproat, Magistrate Rashdall,
Mine Manager Loewen, Banker DuMoullin, Mine Owner Harris, Constable Forbes,
Ted Eyton, Miner Williams, Bert Williams Miner Ford and Jim English.
The Vets played a most heroic game. Everyone of them could kick tlie ball
when it would wait for them, and the way the pork-peeling would mount skyward
and sail over the field was a caution ! They
would have a snap with such a team as the
Silverton aggregation. Gold Commissioner
Spioat doesn't look as dignified in short
pants as he does in his judicial chair. But
he missed the pockets in his pants more
than tlie football. He hadn't gauged the
length of his log before entering the game,
and in one instance his foot cut a circle
around the ball and landed in the pit of one
of the Regular's stomach. Officer Forbes
lost his garter early in the game and seemed
to be in great misery when he couldn't kick
the ball. But it went fast when hegot after
it.   Magistrate Rashdall did  not lose;any
degree of his official dignity when he kicked the pig-skin. Indeed, one could
almost tell from seeing the ball in the air when it came from his foot.
He made it bound so gracefully. Bukhe couldn't keep his pants in official
position long enough at any one time to allow him to keep the ball out of
goal and the result was a score of 3 ;to 0 in favor of the Regulars. Banker
DuMoulin gave every evidence that he wanted his side to win. He kicked
hard, first at the ball then at the rdoters, ran hard and checked hard, but
CleVerly it was no use. Mine Manager Loewen was a strong back but he couldn't
check himself.    He often found himself on the wrong side of the ball. Mine Owner
Harris took the ball down the line like a professional, but  the  Regulars wouldn't! dXX 0l. , ,„ _   , „     /.,.,„, ,i-. i „,„ „„j
,,.,..        ., , ,      TT v.     ,     „ \,   ,      , .    -,        .   . ,    Butte, Sturgess from Coeerd Alene and
let him have it long enough.    He was good in the field,  but his place is in goal.
Merchant Williams and Miner Williams played to score, and they put up a good
game, too. So did Teddy Eyton, Miner Ford and Jim English, but there were
holes in their lines that made it easy for the Regulars to win.
The Regulars played an easy game, but made  things  decided   hot   around   the
goal for the Vets.    Those who played were, West, Brindle, Thompson, Geo. Davis,
Lind,  Black,  Currie,   Brynes,   Cleverly,  Foster  and  Minto.     There   was no occasion for any really sharp combination  work,  and none was indulged
in.'   Cleverly only touched the ball twice.    Jack Lind  and  Jack Black
made themselves conspicuous by their bot work.    Black seemed to enjoy getting his back under the towering form of Harris, and Lind played
as if he had a thousand up on the game.    Currie made a beautiful long
kick into goal.    The others of the Regulars distinguished themselves bv
place generalities, that worthy launched
forth into politics, a subject carefully
avoided by the other speakers, and continued to such length that his audience
began to tire. Murmurs of disapproval,
suggestions of 'next man' and 'time,'
finally snatches of songs, interluded tha
dfscourse of the Manitoban Demosthenes
until at length his augr}* passions rose
and he began to launch invectives at the
heads of audience.
"You white shirted hoboes; you represent the gentlemen of the little town of
Rossland. I represent the majority of
the voters of the Province and I can tell
you that your town won't get a cent of
the money appropriated for it by the
government." The proceedings began
to get lively and some of those present
thinking that the honorable gentleman
was suffering from a nervous headache
conducted him into retirement.
Then a further altercation arose between Mr. Martin and a gentleman who
had requested him to withdraw a certain
statement (which it would be unwise to
publish) made by him.; Mr. Martin refused; gentleman smashed his face;
Martin retaliated; scrap; end of first
"The   peace-makers here .intervened
and Jamesof that 'ilk lead his brother
back,again.AjThe. attprhey-'gefleral 7ini-77
'formed 'the^
*svould have her aDpropriation and that
the7C*;black-coated gentlemen could go to
the devil."
"Here endeth the lesson!
"Though  this account may
humorous side there were
men in town who took a  different view
of the case, saying that it was the most
scandalous exhibition ever  witnessed at
a public banquet.
have its
some gentle
How the Vets imagined they were going to
•'do" the Retruliirs.
cleared off, and they were carried to
| the hoist and taken to the 250-foot level.
Twoof them only, Griffin and Green,
gave any signs of life, and it was evident they could not survive. They
were then taken to the surface, where
Doctors Kenning* and Bowes, who by
this time had arrived, took them in
charge. Sturgess and Lee were found
to have been instantly killed, and
Griffin died a few minutes after being
brought to the surface. Green lived to
reach the hospital but died a few hours
later. Charles Coulson is the only survivor. His right hand and arm are
badly cut up, and he has a number of
bad flesh wounds, mostly from the waist
down. Coulson is an old resident of
Rossland. The others were late arrivals.     Lee   and   Griffin   came  from
about  to
kick it.
their usual sharp work, against heavy odds in   weight.   Gibbs 'did  not
play with his team but acted as referee.    He gave his decisions loud and
clear, amid the customary yell  from  the  rooters'   bench   to  "kill the
referee."   The game was played after 6 o'clock and the attendance was larger than
it has been at any of the games.    The rooters played a most enjoyable game. .
The members of the Veteran team are not in the slightestj"degree crestfallen by
defeat. They will make some changes in their make-up and^believp they will have
a walk-over next time. They will be a permanent institution. Like the present
strata of prosperity the Slocan is working in, it has come to stay. It will operate
under the firm name and style of "The Veterans' AthleticiiCluh of New Denver,
B.C." The objects of the club are : "Firstly, tolprovide athletic amusements for
men of 35 years of age, (more or less). Secondly, By our association and actions
o prove to younger men, (and thereby to encourage them) that a high athletic
standard can only be reached by habits of strict sobriety and by the cultivation of
all the virtues that tend to preserve health from early manhood to old age."
Chas. S. Rashdall is president; W, S.-Drewry is vice-president, and L. R. Forbes
secretarv. , -.-■-'■
Green from Leadville.
Coulson says that he never lost his
senses after the explosion. He warned
the shift to clear away the debris over
the holes shortly before the accident,
but the rest of the men said not to mind
and went on. Two holes had been
drilled since 7 a. m. and Coulson and
his partner Sturgess wore at work
drilling a third. They had got in two
feet six inches when they broke into thc
missed hole and the explosion happened.
Coulson cannot explain his escape. He
was directly in front of the missed hole
j and should have suffered even more
i than the others. His miraculous es
cape is on a par with that of Crooke.
the sole survivor of the previous accident in the War Eagle six  weeks ago
The following announcements appeared in last week's B. C. Gazette,
which are of particular interest here:
The Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council
has extended until Aug. 1st the time in
which person's appointed on May 23d
last to be justices of the peace, shall
take the oathspt office.
Notice is given that when the holder
of a mineral claim is prepared to make
application for a Crown grant, he shall
send all the documents iu support thereof, together with the fee of $10, to the
gold commissioner for the district within which the claim is situated, who will
examine and transmit them, when in
order, to the head office at Victoria.
The Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works gives notice that all pre-
emptors or purchasers of Crown lands,
from whom the purchase money remaining unpaid on such lands is overdue, are required to make full payment
of such balance, together with interest
thereon, if any is due, within 12 months
from this date, failing which their
records or agreements concerning such
lauds are liable to cancellation, as provided by Section 38 of the Land Act.
The Minister of Mines notifies that it
is desirable that the marbles and building stones of the province he properly
represented at the Paris exposition, 1900,
and provision is made as to how the
specimens are to be dressed.
Geo. B. McDonald, bookkeeper of
Cody, B. C, has been appointed the attorney for the American Boy Mining &
Milling Company, in place of Henrv
Hard   Hit.
A    HOT    SUPPKIt.
Over in Rossland the other evening a
banquet that cost $10 a plate was given
in honor of Hon. C. H. Mackintosh.
During the progress of eveuts Hon. Joe
Martin got up to tell what he knew
about politics. The Nelson Miner gives
the result as follows:
•'After indulging  in   a  few  common-
A certain church in a certain town
was sadly in need of repairs, and a
meeting was held to raise funds for that
purpose. The minister having said
that 3500 would be required, a very
wealth and equally stingy member of
the congregation arose and said he
would give $1. Just as he sat down,
however, a lump of plaster fell from the
ceiling and hit him on the head, whereupon he rose up hastily and called out
that he had made a mistake; he would,
give S50. This was too much for an
enthusiast present, who, forgetful of
everything, called out fervently: "Oh,
Lord, hit him again!" THE LEDGE, NEW DJfiNlVER, B.C., JUNE 29, 1899.
Sixth Year
The Ledge.
Published every Tlmrsdas*.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.
Three mouths '. ••?;""?
Six « ■ ■ 1.20
Twelve   " .....' ••••••■ ?•«
THRKE YEAKS - • ■ • •  •>•*■*'
Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line tirst in
iertion, 10 cents per lino subsequent insertions
nonpareil measurement.
Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay
District and communications upon live topics
always acceptable. Write on both sides, of the
paper if you wish. Always send something good
no matter how crude.   Get your copy in while it
is hot, and we will do the rest .
A pencil cross m this square
indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor
wishes once again to look at
your collateral.
fHUKSDAY,   JUNE 29.1899.
Frequently it has been the duty
oi tlvs paper to call attention to the
fact that there are resident in the
Slocan men of* ability and wide experience, who occasionally sent out
reports tj the London or coast press
■ of what they deem to be of interest
occurring here that are so distorted
and devoid of truth as to make the
publishing- of them a libel against the
good name of the district. The great
bulk of the correspondence that goes
irom this r-ection is reliable and is to
be commended, but occasionally an
article is sent from the pen of some
person suffering an imaginary wrong
from a former friend or associate,
whose only .motive in. writing is to
injure personally the party who has
gained his enmity. This is true not
only amongst those in the minor
social and business circles but also
amongst those higher up, especially
in mining circles. The injury to the
person aimed at is.sometimes felt and
sometimes it is not. but the injury
that.the district generally and the
mining industry in particular sustains
is of vastly more importance and is
always felt.
The Mining World and Engineer
ing Eecord of London of June 3d says:
"A valued correspondent in New
Denver, B. C., writes about the Bosun:
'A local mining paper states that the
Northwest Mining Syndicate, Ltd, is
about to float the Bosun mine on the
London market." "
On the strength ot this rumor, and
possibly seeing a chance to obstruct
such flotation, if it were contemplated, this "valued correspondent"
proceeds to tell what he supposes will
constitute the Bosun group when it is
floated, adding that the Lake View
group was purchased for a few hundred dollars and would be thrown in
to give the Bosun acreage when it
is offered to the London public. All
of this is purely supposition on the
part of the "valued correspondent"
and should have no weight. But for
the purpose of showing how absurdly
false is his position, it might be as
well to state that a 30-foot ledge has
been traced over the Lake View and
will be developed shortly.
In conclusion the "valued correspondent" says: "I have bepn through
some hundreds of feet of tunnels
driven and not a pound of ore or any
indications of it in sight. The Bosun
began work last June and has paid
20 per cent, dividend. It is stoping
out every pound of ore as it comes in
sight and so far keeps up a shipment
of 100 tons a month. No development work is being done, and no reserves of ore are in sight. At present
no pumping machinery is required
but when a few more tunnels are run
the Bosun will be under the level of
Slocan lake, and will require pump
ing machinery
is not necessary. The record of the
Bosun will stand alone, its management needs no defense. Its future is
still brighter than its past. The
hundreds of feet of tunnels that the
"valued correspondent" went through
are not on t-e Bosun property and
were not driven by the Northwest
Mining Syndicate—they may be situated in China. In reply to the assertion that, every pound of ore is stoped
as it comes in sight it is only necessary to produce the figures showing
the amount of tunnel work driven on
the ore chute: No. 1 tunnel is. in 331
feet, No. 2 500 feet. No. 3 220 feet. All
the stoping to date has been done between the No. 1 and No. 2 tunnels.
The ore between the No. 2 and No. 3
tunnels has not been touched. The
ore bodies on the Bosun are looking
better today than at any time in the
history of tiie mine. The "valued
correspondent" has not set foot on the
Bosun ground for almost a year and
certainly is not in position to know
what he is talking about.
cured completely that disease.
I noticed a strange incident upon
the train. A beautiful little boy,
about four years on earth, had been
given in charge of the train men. On
his back was sewn a tag, upon which
was written his name and destination.
The ladies were very kind to him.
He was in clover, and had a monoply
of nearly all the kisses on board. I
asked him why he was going away
from home. "'Cos mamma is dead,
and papa drinks," he said.
Many people talk harshly about
Joe Martin because he created a sensation in Rossland last week. Joe
was perfectly right, W hen a. noted
man like him gets up to speak at a
banquet he should he given plenty
of time. Joe started in to review the
political situation since 1776, and if
the audience was not equal to the
occasion they should have taken a
snooze, .or more booze, until Joseph
was through with his oration. To
interrupt him until he lost his temper
and then slap his face seems incompatible with the latest and most improved methods of modern social intercourse. This is the way schoolboys
act. Joe should not have called the
gentlemen hoboes, even if he was
hot. Such words sometimes harrow
up the past when it is best to leave it
untouched. In the future when Joe
wants to make a long speech he
should come to the Slocan. If we do
not like his style we will all go out to
see a man, even if we leave $10
plates behind. In the Slocan we
never slap a guest's face. We might
kill one occasionally, but that is   all.
Some eastern people think that the
Laurier government should be defeated beoause they do not enact prohibition. We are afraid that the attitude of Quebec upon the question is
too powerful to allow such an act to
be passed. Boozerino is a power in
Canada and will never be wiped out
except by education. A law like
this might work in Manitoba but in
Quebec and British Columbia the
present generation love alcohol too
well to take kindly to prohibition.
Fifty years ago no respectable
newspaper would publish the account
of a prize fight. Fifty years ago football was only played by hoodlums,
and was not considered a fit sport for
gentlemen. A revolution has taken
place since then, and millions of people have acquired a mania for the
two sports which our respectable ancestors considered beneath their dignity to notice.
The forest Are season is about due
and the fool who starts them is still
alive. The law against it is still in
force, but like some other laws in the
Slocan it is almost dead.
0, honey, all de skeeters is asleep.
Am yo! sleeping
Say, honey, all de stars begin to peep;
Am'-yo' peepiu"?
If yo' flash'on me, Belinder, yo're illumination eye, •
Yo' will cook me' to  *i  cinder,  I  shall
wither up an' die—
A in yo' peophV tro.de winder?    Is yo'
gazing at de sky?
Am yo' sleepin'?
Let me croon, honey, croon
To de moon, honey, moon,
For de moon is a   boon  to  a copper-
colored coon,
0, honey, honey, honey,tho' I haven't
any money
I'se a coon ! '
0, honey, don't yo'hear dis nigger sigh?
Fse a sighin'!
Say, honey, as de pickaninnies cry,
I'se a eryin'!
Tho' my voice is full o' blubber as an
egg is full o' meat,
My lungs is ingy-rubber, dey is tough
an' hard to beat,
Won't yo' listen to your lubber as he
warbles at yo're feet—
I'se a sighin'! '"
Let me swoon, honey, swoon,
'Neath the moon, honey, moon.
For   de moon  is a boon to a dandy-
colored coon.
I'se a coon, honey, coon,
I'se a cocoa-colored coon.
0, honey,  honev,  honey,  tho" it isn't
very funny,
Fse a coon!
^rn°ns the T^det-Feet-
A Western Editor's experience -in the Cent Belt
On The Train I met Andrew McLean, of Walker ton, on his way to
visit some of his children in Winnipeg. Mr. McLean is 73 years old
and has been connected with the
Very  considerable! country around.Walkerton nearly 50
capital will have to be expended.
We have had some companies floated
in the old country with most disastrous results not very far from the
present location, and of this, too,
special notice should be taken, particularly if capitalized  at over £15,
years. He has not taken a jolt of
boozerino for nearly 40 years, but is
fonder of coffee than any man I have
met this year. Every time the train
pulled up at a refreshment station he
would call for his favorite beverage
Most of the fluid obtained was not  fit
000 or £20,000, the latt.-r rather too j to drink.    He and I resolved   to  ask
high."' ■! the C. P. R. to have the coffee   along
It is truly surprising that thej their line kept up to an Imperial
venom in this letter should have es- j Limited standard of excellence. It
caped the vigilant eye ofthe Mining! needs improving and I hope Shaugn-
World editor. A paper of such prom-1 essy will not overlook the matter
inence ought to be safe-proof against' As we journeyed along McLean told
such imposition. Unconsciously it j me almost the entir . history ot Bruce
has been shamfully imposed upon by I which was very interesting. He also
its "valued correspondent,'' whose; produced an enormous lunch basket
bitter hatred for the local manager j well-filled by loving hands at home
ofthe Northwest .Mining Syndicate j with a handsome grubstake. I staked
has influenced his pen, and made | several .fractions on it, and by the
him responsible for these most unjust, j time we reached the Red river I had
untruthful and misleading statements dug out everything in sight.    I shall
relating to  the  Bosun   mine—state
not forget McLean.   He is a plain old
that can   reflect nothing but gentleman who has helped   to  build
discredit upon the writer, and must
have an injurious effect upon the district's mining industries, so far as the
London market is concerned, where
we are so little understood and lightly appreciated. J from a man in *he tobacco car. By
A reply to each  ofthe statements! putting sulphur in his   boots he   had
up the count.v in which he lives,  and
the strata of kindness running through
his general formation  makes   him a
pleasant partner.on a journey.
I discovered a cure for rheumatism
No Need to Lick Him,
A very subdued-looking boy of about
13 years, with a long scratch on his
nose and an air of general dejection,
came to his teacher in one of the Boston
public schools and handed her a note
before taking his seat and becoming*
deeply absorbed in his book. The note
read as follows:
"Miss B —Please excuse James for
not being thare yesterday. He played
trooant, but I guess you don't need to
lick him for it, as the boy he played
trooant with an' him fell out, an' the
boy licked him, an' a man they* sasses
caught him an' licked him, an' the
driver of a sled they hung onto licked
him also. Then his pa licked him, an'
I had to give him another one for sas-
sing* me for telling his pa, so you need
not lick him until next time. I guess
he thinks he better keep in school hereafter."—Harper's Weekly.
In Serious Trouble.
Some queer letters find their way to
an editor's desk, and here is one of
them, which is warm with life and feeling and means business:
"To the Editor: Sir—I sent you
three weeks ago last Sunday a sketch
of poetry which was wrote by my wife
on her birthday I told you to print it
on Sunday and send the bill to me; but
nary a sketch of it or bill has I seen
You have placed me in a damagin
perdicament by not. printin" it'coy-din'
to instructions, for my wife thinks I
either didn't mail it or got full and
dropped it. Will you please drop me a
line and set me right about it? I know
I mailed it to you in the postoflice, but
I ain't got no witness. If you will-set
me right in the matter, I will write a
piece for you myself.!— Atlanta Constitution.
Mrs. Ernest Hart, who recently made
a trip around the world, appears tp
come to the conclusion that meat eating
is bad for the temper. She says that in
no country is home rendered so unhappy and life made so miserable by
the ill-temper of those who are obliged
to live together as in England. If we
compare domestic life and manners in
England with those of other countries
where meat does not form such an integral article of diet, a notable improvement will be remarked. Tn less meat-
eating France urbanity is the rule of
the home;, in fish and rice-eating Japan
harsh words are unknown.
How to Prevwnt Pneumonia.
Take a hot bath and put on warm
clothing. Wrap your head and throat
with woolen cloths and place a mustard
plaster upon your chest. Then hold
head over a hot stove and inhale the
hot air Remain indoors 4S hours, always having your room at a high temperature and free from a draft. At the
end of that time the cold will have disappeared.
Bear stories are almost as common as
silver in the Sloean. At the Home Run
the other day Charlie Greenlee shot a
brown bear. By this act he secured
nearly 450 pounds of meat and a beautiful skin.
Perform a good deed, speak a kind
word, bestow a pleasant smile, and you
will receive the same in return. The
happiness you bestow upon others is reflected back.
Established  1817.
Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00
Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00
Undivided profits :    : 1,102,7-12.72
Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a„d Mount RorAL, G.C.M.G-. President.
Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,
E. S, Clouston, General Manager,
Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and
the United States.
E. PITT, Manager
■■'■itr>xwzv9r9*'WP<*ay*s ~*rwws 'w.-'-r.-rvsn ■vsi'c.-v:--<x.-n,t?f *^.'-'T;r'ii,Ki^*5ir^.:---.n,:-^*ii»--^-*'«^ •rm2-^r,*attKV'm*nMr^W8ZSB^^
&<W~.'P   ^
\*J*m*-t-JUMMUfWUtl WW
• Notary Pul'lie.
in ported
We do what we advertise to do.
Do you ever
to think
How sh nt life ss and
liow pniulul wo i.iften
niiike it lor cursi'lvL*.-.?  ISa
Mow 1 i tl If comfort
tho.ro is when the home
is noorlv iurnislnit?
Mow little, it   ims!.-! Id
have nt least a few of
those. coml'uri-iTiakiiu?
devices, siii-h as rock-
iny: chairs, reciiniiur
chairs, divans, solas,
ami easy chairs?
MOW    lTH'-h    ! fl'M !CT
a room lo '•::-.. : vi'ii r
very eomni.rdv furnished, i!' ll:e curtains
are tlraped from nicelv
selected curtain pohsV
Mow a few pictures
nicely framed and
hunir from brass hooks
in the wall moulding-,
will improve the appearance of the room?
How much we can
do for you in the way
of repairing a broken
piece of furniture, and
making it just as serviceable as if it were
Furniture Dealers.
New Denver.
Abstraels-of Title to mineral claims.
Tinware,  Stoves, Miner's Supplies,
Paints, Oils, Glass, &c.
Slocan City, B. C.
The Clifton House,
Has ample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms arc large
and airy, and the Dining Room is provided  with everything in the market ;
; Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.
j John Buckle3', Prop.
DN^oCetllixxxi <&. Co.?
Heavy and Shelf Hardware.        Jessop's and Canton Drill
Steel.       Stoves. Tin and Granite Ware..
We are hancllmff all kinds of
The Condition of
Does not affect the quality
of the liquid tonics at the
Sandon. If you do not
think so call in and ask
the landlord	
for further information.
Every Friday at Silverton. SANDON, B. C.
Don't think a woman always achieves
greatness when she. gets a hnsband.
Blasting, Mining and Sporting Powders.    Also Blacksmith's
Coal.   Lumber, Sash and Doors.
9*~*   \\r*.;+
"*    and "** •
Headquarters for  Mining- and
Commercial Men.
Wine Co*,
Dealers in
Choice Wines
and Fragrant
Write for Prices.
Our Stock is the Largest in Kootenay
H. T.Twiciti
Xew Denver, B.C.
Slocan City.
\V. S. Dkbwky
Kaslo. B.C
Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors
Civil, and Mining Engineers.
Bedford, MoXe.il Code.
/fSTRaslidall & Fauquier. Aifent.*.
Xf     G-.  FAUQUIER,
Xii kusp. B.C.
Assoc. R S M. London. Kiifr
Properties   examined    and   re]MH-!ed  on foi   in
.  . teiidim-'-iuirc-liMseis.
Asf<ay office and Cliemicai  !j,ilioiatniy. Belli-
vue ave. New Denver. B C
JOHN V. 1'ERKS, Prop.
and Electric l"-A ! A\ ! hi
Bells, and Lig-ht in every room....
Larue and well lighted Sample Rooms
Hourly Street Car l-icnveen hotel and
Station. Freelais meets all trains.....
Rea.-ona.lilo Rates.
Niffht "-rill room in connection for the
convenience of guests arriving* and de-
parthur hy niglit trains.
Solicitor. Notary Public, Etc
Sandon, B. 0.
Branch office at New Denver every
mm/nmuom Sixth Year.
Old Billy B was a pious man,
And heaven was his goal
For, beiug a very saving man,
Of course he'd save his soul, ]
But even in this, he used to say, i
"One can't tor* careful be;" \
and he sang with a fervor unassnmed,     j
"I'm glad salvation's free." j
But the "means of grace" he had to own j
Required good, hard-earned gold; j
And he took ten pews, as well became     I
The richest ofthe fol .1. j
"He's a noble man," thepreacherB cried, j
Our Christian Brother B." I
And Billy smiled as he sublet nine,
And got his own pew free!
In class meeting next, old Billy told
How heaven had gracious been,
Yea, even back in the darks days when
He was a man of sin,
"l's buildin' a barn on  my river farm—
All 1 then had," he said;
"I'd run  out  o'board, an'  was  feedin'
On nothin' but corn bread.
I tell ye, bretherin, that I felt blue,
Short o' timber and cash,
And thought I'd die,  when tlie banks
then bust
And iiooded all my mash;
But the Lord was merciful to me,
And sent right through the rift
The tide had made in the river banks
A lumber raft adrift.
Plenty o' boards was there for the barn,
And on top was a cheese,
And a bar'l of pork as sound and sweet
As anyone ever sees,
Then I had bread and meat for the men,
And they worked with a will,
While I thanked God,  who'd been good
to me,
And I' a-doin' it still."
A shrill-voiced sister cried/ "Bless  the
The whole class cried "Amen."
But a keen-eyed man looked at Billy B,
In a thoughtful way and then
Asked: "Brother B, did you ever hear,.
Who lost that raft and,load?"
And Billy wiped his eyes and said 7
"Bretheren, 1 never knowed."
Vancouver, B. C, June 16 —Maud
Cranston, whose home was on Kootenay lake, had to choose between two
lovers. One of these, R. A. Carson
was rich and unromantic, while James
Carter was poor, but in all respects a
stripling* to engage a maiden's fancy.
There were other considerations, and
Maud chose the rich suitor.
"You shall not'marry him," said Carter to her, when he heard that the date
was fixed.
Floods came. The river broke from
its banks. The parson was exiled on
his ranch. Such of the wedding
<j*uests as had been able to reach the
bride's home lamented with her over
the disappointment. And James Carter, who was just starting on a lonely
trip down the river, greatly changed in
a few weeks, said:—
"It's aii ill omen. They will never
Perhaps it was because she heard of
this gloomy prognostication that Maud
decided that she and her affianced
would reach the parson, since he could
not reach them.
A day or two later they embarked on
die steamer Kokanee, which would
pass the minister's place on its way to
Bonner's Ferry. He was sighted clinging to the roof of his house, which was
submerged to the eaves. A boat from
the steamer was rowed through the
swirling water that covered his crops,
and he was rescued.
Carson and Miss Cranston appealed j
to him to marry them at once, and he j
went to tlie cabin to put on a change ol
clothing proffered him by Captain Newman. While he was ■thus engaged the
boat stopped at Rios Landing. Here a
coffin_}l plain   pine box—was carried
on board.
In it, said the gossips, was the body
of a young man who had been drowned
now sent wandering in search of a
Christian burial
Maud was already over-wrought
from her many adventures, and brood-
ino> over the strange words of her rejected sweetheart. When the coffin
was propped on deck—for there was'no
other place for it—she became more
agitated than ever and more anxious
to have the ceremony performed at
once. But when the minister came out
of the cabin and saw the coffin he said
that a wedding would be out of place in
such close quarters with death. Only
because th?.re were fears for the girl's
self-command did he prepare to fulfil
his word.
A look of relief crept into Maud's;
face as the ceremony went on But before it had reached the decisive stage
two dogs chained a ear the coffin fell to
fio-htino* and overturned the two kegs
on which it rested. As it tumbled to
the deck tlie lid new off and out rolled
the body, almost at the feet of tlie
half-married pair.
It. was James Carter, his eyes wide,
open, and his hair stili damp upon his
Onlv for an instant did the girl he had
loved'endure the agony   of   looking al
his white face,   for   consciousness    left
her. and she fell in a swoon-by his side
—Toronto Mail-Empire.
The following rates'are in vogue
the Halcyon Hot Springs from t
several points named:
From Revelstoke and return §2.
"     Sandon "   3.
"     Robson "   5
,  "     Nelson "   ~<'■
I  "     Slocan City      "   4-
"     Trail "    '.
"     Rossland "   8
"     Kaslo "   f)
"     Ainsworth        "   9
"     New Denver    "   3.
Good for thirty days.
A. Bite of Afternoon Tea—Pen Pictures of
an Attractive English Drawing: Room.
Materials and Plans For Making Lovely
Lamp Shades.
If English winter days are gray and
cheerless, the sky leaden and tho streets'
colorless and depressing, while other countries boast of their brilliant winter sun
Bhine, blue skies and dry, bracing climate
(and it would be useless for us to attoini;ti
to compete with them in these respects).
yet no country can equal vhe comfort,
beauty and cheerfulness of an English interior—the great glowing open lire, flashing'on tbe colored tiles; thovvido.invitiii'j;
armchairs, the hospitable rito of aiternoun
tea, with its bright silver, dainty china,
hot muliins and other British deUouciet-,
and over all the glamour of the softening,
(eduotivo rays of the silken shaded lamp.
In evory corner of the glpbe where tho
English sunshine seeker wanders you will
find him with his "tea basket," or still
cruder contrivance, trying to remind himself of Chat hour at home, when tho odor
of the fragrant tea leaf is waftod abroad
and the cheerful lumps are brought in,
making sunshine within if not without.
It is not bo much the tea the exile yearns
for as that he Is homesick for the hour.
Indeed, one almost welcomes the dreary
autumn days for tho sako of the com fort
which roigno within doors, and. undoubtedly one of tho most important additions
to that comfort is well distributed aud
deftly shaded artificial light on which we
are so specially dependent.
There is nowadays room for the display
of much artistic taste and ingenuity in
the choice, manufacture and remodeling
of electric light, lamp and candle shades
and in suiting them to and associating
tbemwlth tlioir surroundings so that they
shall nob only appear things of beauty in
themselves, but shall add a charm to the
general scheme of furnishing. Each season brings, with it certain slight changes
and novelties. The tendency is toward
added height, and whore tho chimney used
to show above the opening in the shade
tbero now almost invariably rises a framework, covered with frayed out ruching ov
ourved out points, covered plainly with
silk or perhaps edged with a tiny quilling,
thus entirely cpncoaling tho working apparatus and making the lamp look like an
enormous overblown silken blossom. Indeed, the size and elaboration of lamp
shades haye increased with each successive
season, until now three or even four materials are frequently employed in tho
more decorative of the latest specimens.
That most fascinating, but, alas! most
perishable of materials, chiffon, is largely
pressed into the service. It is used instead.
of lace or in combination with it. Sometimes it is richly embroidered, and one.
very elegant shade was composed ot sulphur colored chiffon, having a kind of applique ornamentation of small black velvet orescents. These elaborate lamp shades
are, of course, oosfcly to buy ready made,
"but thore is nothing in their manufaotuje
■whioh the dainty fingered, skilled homo
worker may not accomplish at half the
One of tho novelties which appeals particularly to the resources of the amateur
worker—as it permits of the employment
of odds and ends of silk—is the shads
composed of two contrasting colors. Pale
pink and. eau de nil, for instance, or pink
and yellow, or white and yellow, whioh
latter combination is specially effective
and lovely on a largo white china lamp, in
combination with yellow flowers. Tho
plain, round empire shades are still used
both lor candles and lor lamps. Although
rather stiff in -appearanco, there is ono
pretty fancy to wL.-.-h liu-y lend themselves
particularly well, :iml that is the employment of pressed ferns and flowers in their
manufacture, or rather ornamentation,
by laying thorn upon the plain silk suriaoe
of the shade and keeping them in their
places by covering them with line, closely
atrotohed tuiJo or fine brussels net. The
effect,of the light shining through the
pressed fern is very lovely.
A shade or sot of shades covered with
whito silk maybe made to do uuty in a
great varioty of diil'eront d"curative
schemes by the use of different colored rib
bons. Choo.ce rather narrow ribbon of
whatever may bo the tint of the flowers
and docorato the white lamp shade with it
aocording as best suits its form; a band
or frill or ruche round the top with one or
two jaunty little bows and one or two
slanting bands brought across tho shade to
its edge, aud again linished off with bows,
or, if it be a pointed shade, tbe points may
be outlined with a narrow quilling of the
Chine ribbon in pink and green on a
white shade, with the vases filled with
pink and white carnations and feathery
greenery, is quite charming, or, again, a
cool and novel effect is produced by employing for the table decorations a good
blue china, such as Dresden, Royal Danish
or the blue Grown Derby, and, using this
as the leading motif, deck the lamp shades
with ribbon of the same tone of blue and
employ white blossoms. If the result be
too cold to please, a touch of red or pink
would give the desired brilliance.
A white silk or chiffon and lace lamp
shade, decorated with trails of crimson
autumn foliage, such as the ampelopsis,
which takes on such gorgeous tints iu the
autumn, or even the small leaved Virginia
oreeper, is an object of the most exquisite
beauty, and the good effect may be further
onhanced by using some of the scarlet
trails upon tho white tablecloth.
Lamp shades for studies and for common, everyday use are best made as simply as possible, without lace or other fragile
elaboration. A china silk, having a small
oonventional design neatly ant! \ery closely drawn on a simple frame, trimi.u'd only
with frills, has a pleasing and appropriate
Please remember that the life of all Jamp
shades would be more thun doubled ii in
fehe evening when the lights iiru extinguished tbey were carefully put away in a
cardboard box instead of being left to
gather dust through the night and then
bandied roughly by dircy lii.gers when the
fires are made in the morning.—London
An Excellent Depilatory.
The following is published by tho New
Orleans Times-Democrat, which says that
it is the formula for an excellent depilatory:
Barium sulphide 1 part, starch 4 parts.
Powder tho barium very fine and mix intimately with tbe starch. Moisten a email
portion of the powder and apply to the
surface from which tbe hair is to be removed. Let it remain four or five ^dilutes, and then wash off and apply, cold
sreain or lard to the skin. Repeat once or
twice if necessary.
People Who Want "to Dispose of Alleged
V_iH„l-.ie Relics.
The amateur colirctor of curiosities
generally has an exaggerated idea of
the valufi of his t..: .-.'*r.res. No soonej
does he :-ct hold of .something which he
coiisiA r:-, unique aud interesting than
he i:u:K-icK that every muEeuni in the
country will .-jump at the chauce of pur-
chasi*'^ it i'rum him. With this idea he
is continually calling upon museum
keepers and trying to persuade them
into exhibiting iris so called rarities.
The curator of a popular northern
museum has been much worried in this
way during the last year or so. Only
the other week a white haired old man
came to him and showed him a dagger
which was said to he the weapon used
by King John in stabbing the boy
Prince Arthur. The dagger was quite a
modern affair and showed no signs of
age, but the, old man stack to his de-
script ion strenuously.
"My dear fellow,-" he paid to the curator in patronizing tones, "if you are
so blind to your own interests as to refuse this dagger, it is no concern of
mine. It ban bcouiu our family for centuries, and we arc descended in a direct
lino from Hubert do Bourg, the nobleman who refused to allow Prince Arthur's eyes to be burned out with red-
hot irons. I'll give you one more
chance, and if you won't have it I'll
take, it OLscwhei*::."
Ncc'7'.-.'i'.s" to iv.<y, he had to take it
eisevA ■*■■-.
ii;c: "i* <-raA:c drove *up to the mu-
h<i:m; yyOe cue A:: moon on a dray, to
wi -.cli was* strupprd a big, cumbersome
■writing t.iblo. The ourator hastened
out, to lr-rct him and was just in time
to p'v;-. c:r. him Lri:if7;.g the piece of
furniture bodily into the ball.
On being asked for an explanation,
the visiltii* raid' he had decided to present the miif-eum with a priceless treasure in the,shape of a writing table used
by Sir Francis Bacon. He bad been preserving it for a long time, ha said, in
order that he might write its history,
which he had at last completed in a
mamu-cript vol:1r„e of 820 sheets. The
curator, who is, of course, an expert,
e::ami;*(-:d the desk and declared it to
be worthless; It had apparently been
used iu a schoolroom until it had got
too rickety for service and was then dispensed with. At any rate, it couldn't
have been more than 70 years old. This
report was communicated to the visitor, who thereupon took to raving like
a madman ujiu became so violent that
he and his treasure had to ba moved
along by the police.
Royal relics arc much in favor with
amateur collectors, and, though some of
the curiosities submitted to the museum,
recently haye been thought worthy of a
place on the tables, the majority have
proved to be hopeless rubbish.—London
Not Needed.
'f   liars here a neat and pretty little
••" i,A''!■'•<•:. " began the agent.
. • ■ !■ at home,'' said  the   bn-ji-
y   • 'I'm married.''—CX
.-.evuial Tribune.
A 6-hole range
with cooking utensils, in first-class
condition. A bargain for cash.
Carbonate King Mineral Claim.
Apply to-
Reports made on  Mining* Properties
in any section of Kootenay.
B. C.
Hotel Sandon,
,    FORGET    IT   WHEN
IN SANDON. ......
R.   CUNNING,   Proprietor.
Situate in the Sloean Mining'Division of West
Kootenay District Where located: On
faji.e Mountain, adjoining; Slocan Boy .Mineral claim.
•PAKE NOTICE That I T. AI. Gibson, acting as
JL u^eiit fer S K. Green, free miner's eertiri-
I eate No. i-'lS'iSA. intend, sixty 'lays i'rum the date
1 hereof. i>, applv lo the .'fhiiiifr Recorder for
certilieate <a 'improvements; for ilie purpose oi
obtainhit-'-  a crown   grant of the above claim.
Aiul further take notice that action under See.
37 must be commenced before the issuance of such
certilieate of improvements.
Dated this :2l.st (Jay of June. 18!«).
Miiuiijjiit and  C«fiit:uiv Mineral Olaiin.
Situa'e in the, Slocan  Mining Division of West
Kootenay    District.        Where   located:   On
Four Miie creek, two miles from Silverton,
B. C.
^AKE NOTICE That I. Charles E. Hope,  Free
Miner's Certificate No. VU12A,  intend   sixty
j days  from   tlie   date   hereof   to   apply   to tlie.
I Mining   Ke.":irder   for a certificate   of   iniprove-
' mentis,- fur   the   purpose   of   ohtaininir   Crown
! sranis of thcaiiove claims.
7   Ann furf her take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced■ before the issuance
! of such certificate of improvement?!.'.
j    Dated ihis Mrh day of June. lS!'!'i..
I" ■ — -—	
! Emily    JCclith     Frmrtion,    Single,    lltiglc
:    VriivMnu and Ironclad Mfill«:i"*tl Claims.
Sit ii lite in the Klocim Mininir Division of West
Kootenay  District,.      Where  located: On
I        Four Mile, creek, about two miles. frorr. Sil-
!        verton, H. C.
rpAKE "NOTICE-that I Charles E. Hope. F. M.
1 C. No. 7lMiA, intend, GO days .from the dab;
hereof, to njiply to the Mining Recorder for
Certilicatesof Improvement's, for the purpose of
obtaininjr Crown Grants oi the ab'tye claims.
And further take notice that, action, under
section  37.  must   be   commenced before the
issuance Of such certilicatesof Improvements.
Dated this 14th day of June. 18f»(».
Rooms in Virginia Blk,  Sandon.
Is a comfortable hotel for travellers
to stop at.
Mrs. McDougald."
Will find the
Arlington Hotel
a pleasant pin ee to stop at when in
Si can City.
Eureka l\'o. 3 Lott'r.'Sl,  Jliiieral Hill Lot „>Sa
Mineral Claims.
Situated   in the Slocan Mining Division   o'.
West Kootenay District.    Whero located:
On north side of Sandon Creek, opposite Slocan Star mine, one mile east-of Sandon, B. C.
''PAKE JSTOTICE that   I.  Robert,   E.   Palmer.
L    agent for the War Eajvle. Consolidated Mining  and ■ Development  Co.,  Ltd.   free miner's
Cert. Xo. 13171a, intend, sixty days from the date
hereof,     to    apply     to    "the      Mining    Recorder  for  certificates of improvements for
the purpose of obtaining crown grants of the
above claims.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must, lie commenced before the issuance
of such certificates of improvements.
Dated this 1st day of June, 1890.
jnel R. E. PALMER.
Tyro, Tyro Fraction and -Boatswain
-Fraction Mineral   Claim.
Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest
KootenayDistrict. Where located: About
one and one-half miles south of NTe\v Denver.
'PAKE NOTICE that I, W. S. Drewry. acting-as
I agent for the Northwest Mining Syndicate
Ltd, Free Miner's Certificate No. 32G7CA., intend
sixty clays from the date hereof to apply to the
Mining 'Recorder for certificates of improvements for tiie purpose of obtaining- Crown grants
of the above claims.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of
such certificates of improvements.
Dated this 16th day of May, 18nn.
majestic and Unexpected Ulineral Claims
Situate in the Sloean Milling Division of
West KootenayDistrict. Where located: On
Payne Mountain, near Sandon.
'PAKE NOTICE that I Francis J. O'Reilly.
1 agent for Frank H. Bourne, free miner's certificate No 1082c A. and Charles French, free
miner's certificate No. 12018. intend, sixty
davs from the date hereof to apply to the
Mining Recorder for certificates of improvements for the purpose of obtaining Crown
grants of the above claims.
And further take notice that action under section 37 must, be commenced before the. issuance
of such certificates of improvements.
Dated this 1st dav of May. 1809.
TIi8 ProsBBCtors' Assay Office
B.andon, B. 0,
for homes
Call upon—
Thos. Mulvey
Assay Price List:
Gold. Silver, or Lead, each  Jl.oO
r,..ld Silver and Lead, combined  3 on
Cold and Silver  a 10
Silver and Lead  2 00
Cooper (by Electrolysis)  2 00
Gold. Silver. Copper and Lead  4 00
Gold and Copper  2 50
Silver and Cooper  2 W
Gold. Silver aud Cop; .er   ..    3 00
Platinum  5 OP
Mercury  2   I
Iron or Manganese  2 00
Lime, Magnesium. Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00
Bismuth. Tin. Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,
Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00
Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,
and  percentage  of  Coke, if Coking
Coal) : ;	
Terms:   Cnsli With .Sample.
June 20th. 1R95.
Assayer and Analyst
Li    mentioned persons have made application
under the provisions of the "Liquor License Act
1899," for hotel licenses at the places set: opposite their respective na h.cs:
Sloan Bros., of Slocan City.
C..W. Aylwin' & Co.,of Neu- Denver.
Albert Haller, of McGuigan. <i
L. M.Knou'les, of Silverton.
A meeting of the Hoard of License Commissioners of the Slocan License District, will beheld to consider such applications at the government office atSloc'-in City on Saturday, the 15th
day' of July. 18ii:i. at the hour of 11 o'clock in the
Chief Inspector's Office, Robson, P.. C Jmiei'7.
ChieflnspecrorSloc.au L. D.
The Lit]nor License Act 1899. of British Columbia.
'PI-IE following application for license has been
1 made and will be considered by the Retard of
LJcen.^e'Comiiiis.sioiieis for Slocan License District, at Slocjui City, on Friday, the loth dav of
.Julwl-99 at. n o'clock a. m:
Martin Laveile.  Ten Mile House, Entrprise
Landing. Slocan Lake: Hotel License.
Robsoii. HAS.. June i8.1899
Chief Inspector.
many way
Nelson, B. C.
Merchant Tailor.
Full Line  of £uitin_;s and
Trouserings al"Tav« on hand, j
      - '_ |
J. E. Angrignon
The Leading
Bosun Block, New Denver, B.C.
Of liftinfi* the load of
trouble from the
shoulders of the
weary, wayworn
traveller as he passes on his way. To
know just what to do and when to do it
has puzzled the minds of some of the
greatest hotel men of the age. We do
not claim any great superiority over
others, hut we have learned by close
attention to the requirements of our
patrons what best pleases them and adds
to the comforts and popularity of our
house. Pioneers ofthe Slocan were our
patrons when the clouds of adversity
darkened the trails of'every cam]) in
Kootenay. and they are O
wit li us still now when ^
the suns of prosperity |-
shine forth in splendoi
making mellow the heart %j
of man. In
New Fast Daily Service between
Atlantic ai Pad * *
^—- imperial Lmitsfl
Improved   connecting-   service   via.
Sevelstoke or Crows Nest route
 :—to and froni: —
Kootenay Country
First-Glass Sleepers on all trains from.
Arrowhead and Kootenay Ldg-.
Tourist Cars pass Revelstoke daily
tor St. Paul; Thursdays for Montreal & Boston;   Tuesdays, fe
Saturdays for Toronto.
Toronto,    - 92 hrs   Montreal,  96 hrs
New York, 108 lirs   Winnipeg:,-52'hrs
Vancouver, 23 hrs   Victoria,    38 hrs
' Reve!.<iol;c and main line poinis.
l.l:K-k'Dly:lv—DenverC.SitUiiK-—ur: Daily 12:02k
11:00k ex.Sun: lv X.Denver Ldg: ar ex.Suh.lfciiOk
XK1.SON,'IKAll,. ltOSSLANK. K'i'C,     ,
15.20k ex. Sun: iv X,Denver Ldg: ar ex.Sun 11.00k
Ascertain rates and  full'information   by addressing nearest local agent or—
G. B.GARRETT, AventXe-.v Denver.
W. F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. A^t., Nelson.
E. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.
MS k
The all rail and direct route
between   the  Kootenay
..District and..
All British Columbia Fonts
Pacific Coast Points
Puget Hound Points
Eastern Cauada and the
-   United States.
Conncet's at Spokane with
Leaves Nelson 9:40 a. m.
Maps furnished, Tickets sold and information
miven by local and connecting line Ticket atrents
C. G. DIXON, G. P. &. 'IS. A.
Spokane. Wash
Operating: Kaslo & Slocan Railway,
International  Navigation &
Trading-  Company,
Schedule of Time.     Pacific Standard
Passenger   train  for Sandon    and
way stations  leaves Kaslo at 8:00 a
m. daily,   returning,   leaves Sandon
at 1:15  p.   hi.,   arriving*  at Kaslo at
3:55 p. in.
& TRADING CO.,   operating on
Kootenay Lake and River.
Leaves Kaslo for Nelson at 6:00 a.
ni., daily except Sunday. Returning
leaves Nelson at 4:30 p. m., calling
at Balfour, Pilot Bay, Ainsworth and
aii way points.
Connections with S. F. & N. train
to and from Spokane at Five Mile
Point; also with str. Alberta to and
from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.
Le;.ves Nelson for Bonner's Firry,
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays
at'7 a m., connecting with steamer
International from Kaslo at Pilot Bay.
Returning leaves Bonner's Ferry at
7:00 a. m., Wednesdays, Fridays
and Sundays, connecting with str.
International for Kaslo, Lardo and
Argenta. Direct connections made at
Bonner's Ferry with Great Northern
Railway for all  points east and west.
Steamer International leaves Kaslo
for Lardo and Argenta at 8:15 p. m.
Wednesdays and Fridays. Steamer
Alberta leaves Kaslo fur Lardo and
Argenta at 8 p.m. Sundays.
Steamers call at principal landings
in both directions, and at other points
who" signalled.
Tickets sol to-ill points in Ca ;ida
and the United Statas. To ascertain
rates and full information,   address—
Rohf.rt Irving.  Manager.
II. P. Brown, Kaslo,' B. C.
Freight and Ticket Agt.,   Sandon.
I'o and funn Etii'fipc'ui   point;- vi.-i Canaditui
find Aiiiuriciin lines.     Apply   fur sailing dates,
rates, lickfts anil   mil  hiionnaiiio!   in any C. '.' .
Ry aaxiit. or—
C. P. R. Ajjent. Xi-w Denver.    .
WM. STITT. Sii:n. S. S. Afrt.. Winnipeg.
F t.h.->iiv'» Medals. Little Cliaplet. of St. Anthony and Cancelled p..sta,a-e Stamps, write to
Ajrencv Bethlehem Apostolic Selionl, l.Vi Shaw
St.. Montreal. Que.
mkwmmmmmmm THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., JUNE 29, 1899.
Sixth Year
Extracts from a paper read before the Institution  of Mininjr and Metallurgy, at
the Geological Museum, London, hy J-IX Kendall. M. Inst. M. M.
British Columbia will in all probability in tlie near future, become one of
the most important producers of silver-
lead ore in the world, if, indeed, it will
not occupy the first position. Ir is not
that the deposits are large; rather they
may be said to be numerous and the ore
high grade,. The district known as the
Slocan contains most of these mines
hitherto opened up in the Province,
and therefore gives a fair idea of B. 07
silver-lead mines.
The first mineral locations were made
in the Slocan in September, 1891; so
that as a mining district it is in its infancy. When in conjunction with this
we remember the great difficulties in
transportation that had to be overcome
by the pioneers of the mining industry,
we are surprised tliat the output of ore
is so great rather than it is not greater
A few of tlie earliest claims of importance appearing on the records may
here be named. The first is the Payne,
located on the flth of September, 1891.
Others were located soon after, as shown
Pavne       ..... Recorded. Sept. 22. 1891
No'blc Five..., ;i Oct. 5, 1891
Last Chance, .. :' Oct. 5, 1891
Sloean Bow.. "    "       Oct 5, 1891
Slocan Star.... '* Oct. 15, 1891
Washington... " Oct. 17, 1S91
Idaho  7. " July 4, 1892
Ruth  " July 8, 1892
Alamo  " Aug. 5, 1892
On each of these claims shipping
mines have been opened up, and most
of them are today on the list of shippers.
The first shipment of Slocan ore was
from the Whitewater Mine, in July,
1892.   It had to be packed on horse
back through the forest, a distance of
17 miles, to Kaslo, at a cost of about §10
per ton. ^hen it was taken by boat
and rail to United States smelters at a
further cost of about S20 per ton. Ore
was packed in a similar way from the
Best and Dardanelles a few weeks later
and from the Idaho and Mountain Chief
mines during the winter of 1892-93. The
cost from the two last named mines was
S45 per ton to Kaslo, and Irom other
mines at somewhat similar rates.
The first railway built, into the Slocan
was the Nakusp and Slocan, commenced July, 1893, and opened for traffic
as far as ThreeTForks (3*2.9 miles) in
1894. This was followed, in 1895, by
the Kaslo and Slocan (31.8 miles long.)
In the same year the Nakusp and Slo
can was extended from Three Forks to
Sandon, a distance of about four miles.
These lines placed the Slocan in communication with the Canadian Pacific,
Northern Pacific, and Great Northern
railway systems, and reduced the cost
of transportation $20 per ton.
The climate of the Slocan is very good.
There is, however,   an   almost entire
lack of precise'information regarding
it.   Generally it may be said that the
snow "comes to stay" on the higher altitudes in October,  and throughout the
district in November.     It disappears
from   the lower levels at the   end of
March or beginning* of April and from
the mountain tops,except wheredrifterl
about the end  of June.    A little rain
falls in the Autumn and spring, but the
summers are long, dry and bright,     ft
may also be stated  in a general   way
that in summer the thermometer sometimes rises to 90 deg. in the shade, with
cool nights, whilst in  winter the mur-
cury may often be seen in the neighborhood of zero, and  occasionally  20 deg.
below. v   ,
Before the advent of the prospector
the Slocan was thickly covered with firs
and pines, except on the higher mountain tops.   Since then large areas have
been partly or wholly burned, but many
of the trees within thoseareas, although
killed by fire, still stand, and are quite
good for mining purposes.    The firs are
more useful to the miner than the pine.
The mines are connected with one or
other of the   railway systems serving
the district by either rawhide trails,
wagon roads, serial or other tramways.
Rawhiding is extensively practiced
in   the Slocan,   the   conditions   being
highly favorable for it, tlie steep mountain sides and the thick mantle of snow
■by    which    the   ground    is    covered
throughout the long  winter  making it
possible to form a trail   for  use in   this
way   at   a   cost   little   exceeding  that
necessary to   remove   tlie underbrush
and the few larirc trees that  cannot be
avoided along  the  selected   route     In
rawhiding. the ore is first sacked
"runners" and part for wheels. As the
melting snow disappears at the foot of
the hills runners are' impossible, and
wheels cannot be used until the snow
has gone entirely from the higher ends
of tlie roads ,The usual time that
elapses after the ground is bare in the
lower valleys until the snow disappears
at an altitude of about 6000 feet is four
or five weeks, and during this time
haulage by this system has to be suspended to the higher mines.
Some of the mines are provided with
rail, others with rope tramways—in all
cases self-acting. Both these forms of
tramway, if properly arranged, are
capable of continuous working throughout the year-j and are therefore superior
to either rawhiding, wagon or sleigh
.haulage, where, the output is large
enough to justify the extra cost of
making them.
The longest wagon road yet made is
about eight miles, the longest tramway
about-one and a-quarter miles.
Most of the deposits hitherto worked
are at considerable altitudes, for the
simple reason that the rocks are more
exposed there than at lower levels, and
consequently the prospector has been
more successful,
Nearly all the deposits known in the
Slocan, and certainly those of greatest
importance commercially, have the
form of veins, often called, here and
elsewhere, "fissure veins" or "true
veins," but a few are bed-like in form-
that is, occur along the bed-planes of
the strata.
We know that veins   have  often a
tendency to   close together when the
walls are unsupported.    Whether the
soft altered ore which now tills the upper part of this vein can, under all circumstances, give the necessary support
is not evident, for the ore may eventually, by slow degrees, be either forced
out   at   the   surface  or  removed  by
meteoric   or   other   denuding*   agents.
The latter is, perhaps, the more probable.   In either case the effect would
be to produce a narrowing- of the vein
upwards.    It is a matter worthy of consideration whether we have not here a
suggestion that will help us to explain
a very curious fact, sometimes observed
in the Slocan lead veins and  in other
veins in B. C. and elsewhere.   It is not
an uncommon ^observation that a vein,
which on the surface shows only iron
stains and quartz, may, after a few feet
of   driving, begin to   produce galena
and other   metallic minerals, small at
first,   but   gradually increasing.    The
Alamo  vein will illustrate this point
That vein crosses a "hog's back," and
in stoping above the topmost tunnel the
ore was found to nip  out entirely some
distance short of the surface,  and in a
line which, although not parallel to the
surface, had also the form  of a hog's-
back.    In view of the facts just recorded, it does not seem  improbable that
the now barren part of the Alamo vein,
adjoining the surface,  may  have been
originally ore-bearing*, that the g*alena
was altered and softened as it now is at
the Monitor, that the softened ore was
removed in the ordinary process of denudation, and that the walls gradually
closed together as the intervening support was removed.     This explanation
may be applied to other and similar occurrences   ai   veins carrying    galem-i,
and also to veins carrying other minerals, such as copper ores.   It is, therefore, of some interest to the prospector;
when rightly understood it may lead to
the discovery of ore bodies iii  places
where the surface indications are not
too, the remedy proposed, and solemn
masses with processions around the infected districts have'been duly arranged
for. -
When the World Busts Through.
(Casually suggested by an earthquake.)
Where's a boy a-goin',
An'v, hat's he goin'to do,
An' how's he goin' to do it,
When the world bu'sts through?
Ma, she says, "she can't tell
What we're comin1 to!"
An' pop says "he's jist skeered
Clean, plum through!"
S'pose we be a-playin'
Out in the street',
An' the ground 'ud split up '
'Bout forty feet!
Ma says "she jist knows
We'ud tumble in !"
An' pop says "he bets you.
Nen we wouldn't grin."
S'pose we'd ist be 'tendin'
Like we had a show
Down in *he stable
Where we mustn't go?
Masavs, "The earthouake
Might make it fall;*"
Air pop says, "More's like
. Swaller barn an' all!"
Landy, if we both wuz
Knnriin' way from school
Out in the shady woods,  .
Where it's all so cool?
Ma says, "A big tree
Might squash our head,"
An' pop savs "'Chop 'em out—
Both killed dead!" '
But where's a boy agoin',
An' what's he goin' to do,
An' how's he goin' to do it,
Ef the work! bu'sts through?
Ma, she says "she can't tell
What we're comin' to!"
An' pop says "he's jist skeered
Clean, plum through!"
—Eugene Field.
For all time and for
all people. You will find
the largest stock of Best
Flour and Breakfast Cereals
Specials in these lines offered
to patrons. Prices made a
matter of inducement to big
buyers in these lines—to
the mines and hotels anywhere in the Slocan.
Do not let this slip your
mind when you want a sup
ply of Fresh, Sweet and
Juicy Ham and Bacon, or
Canned Goods of any kind,
that t he best place to get it is
Mail orders.
New Denver, B. C.
These are all New Stock, New Patterns and New Prices.
er Bros.
$ ^ fff fff fff ff f ^ © f f ff ffff-ff f f f^^^
Total shipped Julv 1 to Dec. 31, 1898,
17,994 tons. Jamiarv 1st, 1899, to
June 20th : *
From Sandon. Week
Last Chance 	
Slocan Star      SO
Ajax ...	
Ivanhoe '	
Treasure Vault	
.Trade Dollar	
Liberty Hill	
From Three Forks
Idaho Mines.
Queen Bess	
ild Goose
From Whitewater.
Whitewater ...
From McGuigan.
Groat Western
From Xew Denver.
Marion ;..
From Silverton.
Emily Edith....
From Ten Mile.
at the Newflarket
New Denver
It will be CALLED FOR
every Saturday	
Repaired during* the
week and returned the
Saturday following* . . .
We insure you prompt
and satisfactory work at
reasonable charges. . . .
Agents for B. C\ Sugar Refinery and Royal
City Planing Mills."
Provides ample and pleasant Accommodation for the traveling- public.
Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.
HENRY STEGE, -        -        -       -     \ Proprietor.
All work Guaranteed.
Agent: for   the   famous Hamilton &
Hampden Watches.
a, w. qriMmett,'--'
Jewellerand Optica aim,
Total tons..
Always vote for a principle, though
you vote alone, and you may cherish
the sweet reflection that your vote is
never lost.— .John Q.uincy Adams.
A pleasant
General Drayman, Ice,
Tender Mutton, and. Delicious Pork, always at
your command at the
New Denver Meat Market.
Fresh hish
From the  Briney Deep,
s& Butter
Family & Commercial.
Hav and Grain for Sale.
Ice Houses
Great is Fsiitli.
For some time past the channel of the
St. Lawrence between Quebec and Montreal has been the scene of many accidents to vessels. In some cases tlie casualties were due to carelessness on the
part of pilots. Others were caused by
accident, such aB the breaking of the
steering gear, or by error, as in the case
of two large vessels meeting in a narrow
and dangerous part of the channel.
Some were undoubtedly due to the shallowness of the water in parts of the
channel and some to its changeable
character. La Bonne Ste. Anne, who
is tiie special protector of Roman Catholic mariners, having failed of late to
protect the shipping of the St. Lawrence
from danger, the members of the
French-Canadian Association of Pilots,
each j who have charge of  nearly  all the large
Such, indeed, is a day
spent on tne beautiful
Slocan Lake. Before
going out, however,
be careful to proyide
yourself with some of
Nelson's No. I	
Livery and  Bait Stables.
itS'Saddle horses mid pack train at Ten Mile.
* Waddsbrqs;:
from the plains of Western Canada, and
■'    f        from New Denver:
Shipments are made to
any part of the country.
If you are in need of
substantial nourishment
no not overlook this ad.
New Denver Meat Market
Fitted with every modern
convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50
and $3 per day.
 ■ Proprietors.
Established lSStf
sack containing 100 to 150 pounds of orej
according to tiie tenor reached in dress-,
ing, then wrapped in raw cowhides I
—fifteen sacks being an ordinary load—!
and drawn by horses over the snow A j
horse takes only one hide at a time, but j
one driver may be in charge of any!
number of horses up to  four,   the mini i
steamships between Quebec and Montreal are invoking other miraculous aid.
Close to the riverside in Montreal is
the old church of Notre Dame de Bonse-
cours (Out Lady of Good Help), founded
by Sister Marguerite Bourgois in 1657,
and here arrangements have been made
for a certain number of  masses   in favor
Split Bamboo Rods from $3,50 to S10
Green hear 11 tods, $6 to $8
Cane and Lance wood; 40c to $3
Splendid range to
choose from. Lines.
Reels, Landing Nets,
Gaffs, etc., and a
beautiful selection of
flies. Buy your out-
iit now.
Drug & tiook Store
New Denver, B. C
Sun-hiy iiuiir.-: l' to "> ji. m.
E B. Dunlop
SLOCAN*   CITY. - - B. C.
Mines;   Real  Estate;   Insurance;
Abstracts of Title Furnished,
Dealer in
PIPES, &0.
Van Camp Lunch Goods,   Confectionery and Fruit.
Newmarket Block.        New Deuver
.    SANDON. B. C.
Mining Stocks bought and Sold.   General Agent
for Sloe-ill Properties.        Promising
 Prospects For Sale.	
Kaslo. B C
Pal ma
Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery
Crown. Plate and Bridge work.
Jjfflce. Broken Hill Blk.  Nelson.
Dealer in HAY, GRAIN,
Livery and Feed Stables, General
Dray ing. Teams meet all boats, and
bar depending .upon the character of thej of the safety of vessels piloted by members of the association. In addition two
large lamps have been presented to the
church by the pilots, and they are te be
hung in front of the altar and kept burning throughout the season of navigation.
In some of the parishes of the counties
of Rouville and Vandreult, alao in this
province, the orchards have been attacked by myriads of caterpillais, which
threaten their destruction, despite all
the ordinary methods of fighting them.
Miraculous interposition is in this case,
trail. This system can only be followed in winter when a good covering*
of snow is on the ground.
In some cases wagon roads are built
to the mines Then the haulage is done
by sleijj'hs in winter and by wagons in
summer, the load (depending mainly
upoh the grade) ranging from four .o
eight tons. These roads cannot be used
for about four or five weeks in the
spring—when the snow is melting—be
cause nart of them are then   only lit for
By using the New Denver envelope in your
correspondence. Printed with your name in
the return corner, and
sold  by The Ledge at
FIFTY  CENTS   each  subsequent hundred.
Notice to th
I have the largest stock in B. C.
and examine the la
Flee Watch Repairing Guaranteed
■'. Seed by MaM or/Express
Nelson, B.C.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items