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The Ledge Mar 28, 1901

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Array *i'"*-"    v'-il'V,?    .-•>•<<
Volume 0VIII.   No  26.
NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 28, 1901.
Price, $2.00 Yeab adv^cb
\W A.
QW^W'-H^s Float
In and About the Slocan and neighboring Camps
that are Talked About, a
We are already getting a taste of what
■ummer is like.
There is a heavy increase in travel
noticeable in the Slocan;
A Union has been organized at North-
port by the smelter workers.
An tfSOQ poker game created some
talk in Nelson the other day.
Dr. Forin, of Slocan Oity, has been
appointed coroner for the Slocan.
The choicest line of fishing tackle in
tbe Slocan at Nelson's Drug Store.
The Infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs
J. Bull, of Slocan City, died last week.
A meeting will be held at Kaslo on
May 6 for the revision of the voters'
D. J. Robertson & Co. are shipping a
carload of furniture from New Denver
to Nelson.
capacity by tho erection of two more
lead stacks.
A daughter has come to gladden the
home of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Anderson,
Slocan City.
Another church is to be built in Nelson. The devil must be hard to keep
out 6t that burg,
F. L. Christie goes to England next
mouth to place A. D. Coplen's case be*
fore the Privy Council.
The residents of East Baker street in
Nelson object strongly to the hiving of
dlptherla patients in their midst.
M, L. Grlmmett and 0. C. Cliffe were
elected delegates from Sandon to go
With the mining delegation to Ottawa.
A. B. C. Docksteader, of Cody, has
been appointed license commissioner of
the Slocan district, vice E. R. Athorton,
The parties seeking to get a charter
for the proposed Silver Mountain tunnel
have decided not to apply for the charter
just yet.
JohnG Devlin deslcs the allegation
that he is a member ofthe Nelson police
force. Ho does not need anything to
make him sleep
Engineer Young, nf the steamer Bloom, wilt handle the lever this summer
on a Yukon river boat, at a salary of
$1,500 for tbe seasou.
The public meeting called for Tufts*
day night failed to materialise owing to
tbe callers not putting in an appearance
at the appointed time.
A notice has been introduced in the
local legislature providing (or the sale
at public auction of lots in the townsite
on which back payments are due to the
The Tyrell hotel of Cody went up In
■moke last Wednesday morning. The
hotel hat not been open for business for
two year* or more, only a caretaker
being resident there,
A meeting will be hel«l In Clover's
Hall this (Thursday) evening for the
purpoie of organizing a base ball club
All those Interested In the "bat and
hall" are requested to attend.
Tho room In the Bosun block formerly occupied byEd. Angtdgaon is being
ftUcxj tit* vy v«~. ^i.*_...,      ...... A
wiUt>..uu »'.« ihe '.ln'lnsr n crmvplrtf
Mock oi fruits.confectionery, tobacco**,
Aldermen Atherton and Hunter have
*»i»ri«m#i*fl their t*at# es ooutuillor* at
Sandon. The light and water queuUotit
stem to be causing much ill fwllng
among the citizens of the mountain
A Sloean inly recently invited all the
rfarlrriand* from the tipper deck of the
steamer Slocan to a religious meeting
lu that dtj* Th* tfivlMtlnn Inrlftrir-d
tht bart«nJ«r, although be i« in com-
maud el the tote deck
Wall sheeting made of «tMl i* not a
hi thing outside of the Slocan, but
wherever it is used it does good service.
The Windsor hotel, of this town, is the
first to try it In this section. In appearance It has a dark gray enamelled
cast, with artistic borders, centre and
corner pieces for the celling, and givns
a very polished appearance to the room.
E. Byrnes lately added an incubator
to his poultry houses on Union avenue,
and is now brooding his first hatch. He
intends going extensively into the
poultry business, and expects to supply
the Slocan market with fresh eggs and
toothsome chickens in a short time. An
enterprise of this kind has unlimited
scope for growth here.
No decision has yet been given In the
stilt of Marino vs. Sproat etal-, growing
out of the disagreement in connection
with work put upon the Marion. And
still another suit has been filed against
the former owners of the property- W.
Chaplin has brought action against
Alex Sproat and Florence Mclnnis to
recover -eertain-ntoneys-ctainied--to-be
due him.
A Sandon paper, speaking of the
effects of hypnotism upon tbe Rubject,
says; "But this kind of thing should be
stopped. As only the man who hypnotises can bring the subject to again, if
anything should happen to the hypnotist
in the interval, by which he lost his
life, his victim too was also doomed."
All of which goes to prove that the
aforesaid paper doesn't know anything
about hypnotism.
It ia an old saying that a man can
get signatures to any kind of a petition,
in any quarter and by all classes of people. Particularly is this true in a small
mining camp. Hundreds of people will
readily put their names to any paper
that is presented to them, so long as
It ,1s not a subscription list, and even in
cases of this kind there are many who
will sign who can not afford to give
anything. Some men would Bign their
death warrant If it came in the form of
a petition.
A reduction of passenger rates between pntnttt west of Pernio to tho coat*
and on all tho Kootenay branches has
been made by the C. P. R. The new
rate Is equal to one and two*third« of
the ordinary local (are. The now rate
Is af follows: Nelson to Slocan City and
return, IB.75; to Sandon and return,
to.46; to Kaslo and return, $8; to Rossland and return, SS.-20: to Grand Porks
and return, 18.10; to Phoenix and re*
liirn, 110 10; to Greenwood and return,
$10; to Moyie and return, 18; toCran
brook and return, to 35; to Pernio and
return, 118.60; to New Denver and re
turn, M 00.
All executions against the Chapleau
Consolidated have been withdrawn.
The legal representative of the company, stationed at Nelson, received hy
cable from France $10,000, to be applied
on the payment of the Indebtedness of
the company, the balance to be forthcoming In 00 days, hence the withdraw*
at at th« ttxti-utiom. It I* the Intention
of the Chap'tau romnany to Increase It*
capitalization for the purpose of acquiring other mineral land and for the de
velopment of the name. Thl* company
dan mot with the misfortune of having
bud managers, but It It evidently de-
.<-<hiiiii:m tv invii)!   urn*.   A. 7.A.,.«.s.i.
A carload shipment of ore was made
■     I I T>    ......    ||  ,.   ,,^.,   f,tf,*,V
The fore* at the Sloean Star will be
increased to HO men next month.
Delinquent co-owner notice is being
advertised against the intcrettt of Tho*.
Shea in the Nabob.
Theodore 17 and A. V. Adam* are
jrlvlng nolle** of V. H Behn«* to pay up
lil* iriter«M In tin* Miner Hot
The llewett witw\ Peer Mil* er**k,
is proving the great** honanxa in the
ramp    Tht sempany is a clone torpor.
ation and is made up of business men,
who stand in a fair way of making fortunes out of it.
Work is to be resumed on the Condor
group, Four Mile creek, by the Northwest Mining Syndicate, in a few days.
The forces at the Reco and Good-
enough have been reduced, owing to
the breaking up of the rawhiding
The Warner-Miller Syndicate has
leased to Jack Aitchieon ihe Slocan
Chief, Ten Mile, and a gang of miners
started work this week.
The Silver Mountain wagon road is
not in condition for travel, prohibiting
the bringing down of more ore {rent the
Hartney. This is said to be the reason
for the large reduction in the working
A company, known as the Ricowllabl
Mines, Ltd., has been registered in this
Province,with a capital stock of 11,000,-
000, to operate the Speculator. It is a
close corporation, the shareholders being mostly California capitalists.
Good news is received from Spokane
regarding the Fisher Maiden. Spokane
parties have made the first Dayment on
the property to the Bank of Montreal,
and will start work as soon as possible.
J. K. Clark will manage the property
with Geo. Long as foreman. The supplies will be taken up from NewDenver.
A Nelson paper asks why the press
of that city should be expected to take
sides in favor ot Jim Hill in the Crow's
Nest charter business, and against "the
men who have made and are making
Nelson." Since Nelson shates with
Victoria the belief that the boundary
lines of the Province begin and end
with their city limits, this query is not
to be wondered at.
Nineteen men were sent down the
hill from the Hartney the past week,
reducing the force to about a dozen No
reason is given for this big reduction in
the working force. It may or may not
have some connection with the general
movement well organized hy the mine
owners to bting forcibly before tho
local and Dominion parliaments the ab*
solute necessity nf favorable legislation
Nothing will so quickly accomplish
thotr purpose. The mine owners have
some cause for desperate action. The
local government has been too ready
with now lnws affecting the mining
industry, and over lealous in its
efforts to increase the public revenues
by taxing the mines. As a re-sult the
development of tho mining industry has
bcou seriously hampered by laws that
are several years ahead of time. The
past two years have seen more trouble
In the Slocan because of the passage of
premature laws than during the whole
porlod of Its history before. The mining Industry I* too young to permit of
the Incessant tampering % with the mining law* that ha* characterised recent
legislatures. The Slocan has unlimited
mineral wealth, it is true; It has produced some phenomenal dividend-payers, and will produce many more, hut
the industry must be carefully nurtured
some year* yet before It will stand the
Imposing upon it of laws that are only
bearable in thoroughly developed mining section*.
The Dominion government has at
last wakened to the Importance of th«*
mining industry of Canada, and indl,
cations are that every reasonable re.
quest that com*** from repre*entatives
of the mining Interests will receive
prompt consideration al the hands of
parliament, It is authoritatively stated
at Ottawa mat tne question ottoaau
VttfUMU.ttU, tit \i\_   lUUUiiU IttHtiuivV « in'
British Columbia and the whole of Canada «* under t*m&Att"»Aim. TH1*
government i« also considering the
nnrwtirm ">f ih«** *wvfntm*nl of a «*-•»»•
MiMloitto inquire two tht) whole tub
jeetftf mining Such action *• lip
potted will do much toward putting tin*
mining industry in a b*>tter light, and,
If the government com*** forward with
a ready hand tn grant the more import
ant roiict-Mi'.n*,  •'<« difficulties uovt
rnnfrmtrin'rthi* mining indutfrv in B
C. will rapidly *li«aj'f*'t*r.
General Botha, <*r th** Boers, has refuted tn urcept th*- peaes- l«t~a» sub
mitted by General Kitchener, and the
fox hunt goes merrily on. There are
140,000 English soldiers engaged in it,
aud, according to latest reports, there
are not 5,000 Boers in arms. De Wet
and his farmer soldiers have been
"caught in a trap," "surrounded," and
"hard pressed" by General Kitchener's
army about once a week during the
past three months, but they are still able
to be about The principal thhg that
bur own army seems to be engaged in
is the destruction of farm property,
burning of the grain fields, taking
women prisoners, fighting the bubonic
plague, feeding the hungry with one
hand while applying the torch to their
homes with the other, and going on
wild goose chases after tho wily leaders
that always escape. And this is. civilised warfare! Besides the suffering it
is entailing upon the enemy and the
soldiers and homes of our own nation,
it is costing Great Britain millions of
dollars every day to "subdue" a people
as brave and honest and noble as our
own. The war was ended months ago.
But the conquered refused to cringe in
abject servility to the men conducting
the war and, instead of capturing the
more stubborn than wise army of
patriots, or offering them terms of
peace that were reasonable, a reign of
destruction was instituted that was as
hellish as it was uncalled for. The
result has been that the hearts ofthe
people have been seared with a hatred
for tfietEnglisirtlTat"^
ace to the peace of the South African
To a delegation of Victoria citizens
Premier Dunsmuir has plainly stated
the policy of the government in relation to granting the bonus for the Coast
to Kootenay road. The Premier pointed
out that the policy the government proposed to adopt was that of making the
best bargain possible for a ferry daily
from the mouth of Fraser river and
Vancouver Island. The Attorney-General went into tbe necessity for the extension of tbe Island railway and of the
construction of an all Canadian route to
the Yukon, thus insuring the trade of
Klondike to Canadian cities rather than
Seattle, which had been built at the expense of Canada. In reply from a suggestion by Mr. Helmcken, who accom
panled the deputation, the Attorney-
General said that the government was
considering a proposition to Insert a
clause In tho charter permitting the
acquirement of the road after a term of
years on certain terms by the province
Further, they would compel any
company which obtained a charter from
them to sigit an agreement to the effect
that if a Dominion charter was obtained
they would "till be amendable to the
railway law of the province.
The Premier said that the Victoria,
Vancouver and Eastern had furnished
nr. charts, maps or i-rofilei of their pro
posed road, and all that they had done
to date was to say to the government
"Give us $4,000 a mile and we will build*
the road, provided we also get a subsidy
from th* Dominion government." tt
was, he said, tho Intention nf the gov
erument to control rate* and to derive
a percentage ot the earnings He did
not believe In what had been done in
the past, namely, give lands and subsidy
to these companies and not be allowed
a say In their control The Attorney
General explained the position of the
administration at taunt* i«ngth,«Uhougb
he said that tho government i ould not
pin Itaelf down to one road until It had
heard from Ottawa, which had Keen
asked to dtal with the Province lilwr*
ally in the matter of railway construe
Un* V»ir bud been i»vnr*««*»fi that
I thi* tynMrv nf the government wa* an
J alternative on*, namely, that it might
I Mttctto-* a road from the Coast or one
from a point on the Canadian Partite
railway, »ay at Hpenee'* Bridge or via
<*••  .     .,.•;.     ;».»   m.,,.„...    -.1!,,.,,,
He might definitely My that any road
*hich they *ob*tdited must build from
the mouth of tbe I'raattr to the Boundary, thus opening up that whole country Further, it would stipulate in the
••'intntet, th.tt the n-impanyrrifHf, provide
for a ferry daily from the mouth of the
r..oui u> Vuuuiuver fiF.m.f.
Itolfefotw in *wettt****. i* the new eon-
'ig-umetii *A catody }nn. reivavad W
.1 »lm Wlltlaai*.
jj. D. Kendall, M.E., tells Some Wholesome Truths
About B. C. Mining Ventures,
Below we publish the first instalment
of a paper on the auriferous quartz deposits of Southern B. C , by J. D. Kendall, taken from the B. C. Review, of
London, Eng. The reputation which
the writer enjoys as a consulting engineer is a sufficient guarantee of the
great value of this, his latest paper, to
those interested in the mining industry
of this portion of Canada. The other
pape-s which Mr. Kendall has contributed are: "Southern British Columbia as it appeals to, and affects, the
prospector and miner, the speculator
and investor," "The silver lead deposit of the Slocan." "The auriferous
alluvium of the Fraser River and its
tributaries." "The auriferous and
argentiferous copper ores of Southern
British Columbia."
"British Columbia possesses valuable
deposits of this character, but hitherto
very few of them have been worked
with either energy, capacity or adequate
capital. A number have been operated
Stock purposes, but these should not be
considered as mining ventures •—for
really they are not—and therefore their
failure is no reflection on this division
of the mineral resources of the Province,
"The chief hindrance to the development of deposits of this class in B. C.
has been lack of capital. Unfortunate
British investors will, on reading this,
probably exclaim, 'What has become of
all our money. We have subscribed to
numerous British Columbian mining
enterprises at different times, but in
only a few Instances have we been successful.' By way of anticipation let me
say that relatively very little British
money has been lost in auriferous quartz
mining, and oven that little must be
debited to bad management, or something worse, rather than to lack of opportunity. Strange as it may seem, tho
losses that have been incurred by investors from this side of the Atlantic
were In coneection with minerals and
districts out of which Americans have
niudu largo sums of money. 1 have, in
a previous communication, pointed out
why the latter are often successful
where Englishman fall, and 1 would
here further remark that British Columbia, as a field for British mining investment, stands on q'uite a different
footing from other important fl«lds,«uch
as Australia and New Zealand, or even
South Africa. In thestt the English
invi'stor has matters very much his own
way, but in B. C. It is not so There
he Iih* to uiuip-tc with the Ameriun.
who had the important advantage of
being Out in tho Province, is always
on the spot, and who beside* is keener
commercially — though 'ess thorough
technically—than the Englishman. If
we are to survive in such a struggle for
existence we must Improve our commercial methods. We musv not send
men out to purchase mining properties
who are utterly ignorant of mining, aa
w« hav. done We must nut buy on
Vendor's Report*, as wo have done. We
must not build mills and amoltere.when
«re have not aufheieut money in hand or
at command fir mine-dffvi-iopmiMit, a*
we hare done. We most not build
mills tM'lort w« have a mine nor leave
the selection of treatment processes to
men who are mill builder* only, a* we
'..'.'     '-->"      Wi» <m»»<* t.fi»    opnrt   tvt\i   tn
m*n**»i**i*w*"»***rtt«*«, w«*n tn whom wn
have »<i little confidence that they are
little more than puppet* worked from
thl* end, a« w<* have done.   We must
not leave the management of mine*
. . ,    ,     .....
'iM'fctttii'f ',!>. V,.;, * yutfc fc.'tw* 4>.u'.i..,   i.ii     ■'  .'
have dor**, F.ven if it he from a skhool
of Mines Mining tan only he teamed
in the mini*, although a knowledge of it
I*, more rapidly and thoroughly reach<*d
if tbe preliminary training ha* been of
*,'...■ itlflbX fcUvl, Wo mu»f par mori*
attention to mining and l*-*« to tha there
!f»*f *H. ti.k.lk IIHIl*.... .UvUItiudi tdUUl'll
from the sale of mineral and If* of
thtsac r*-.iiHl#n! by tfc* wneijwjlttWMi of
♦stock*    Th*- man who say* *Oh damn
dividends, I want a quicker way of
making money than that' will probably
disagree with the last remark, but for
tbe benefit of the community, it should
never be forgotten that in stock transactions money simply changes hands—
'twas mine, 'tis his—whilst by the opening up of a mineral deposit which can
be worked at a profit new wealth is
created and the country, as well as the
shareholders, to that extent benefited.
"To some it may seem as if several
of the errors above allnded to are technical rather than commercial. In certain cases the final and decisive error is
technical, no doubt, but tbe initial and
controlling mistake is commercial, as,
for instance, in the selection of an incompetent manager,who when installed
acts in ignorance, or regardless of regular recognized methods.
"But to return to the alleged neglect
of auriferous quartz mining. The successful mines of British Columbia,
speaking generally, have been largely
order to make the little money they had
go as far as possible they confined their
attention to deposits yielding mineral
that could be marketed without treatment, so that all the ore got in development was at once converted Into money
to assist in further development. In
this way the Le Rot, War Eagle, Ruth,
Payne, Idaho and Whitewater were developed, as wall as many others that
might be named. Auriferous quarts
veins wore more or less neglected because their product must be milled be*
fore It can be sent to the market, and
therefore a much larger capital Is needed
to work them than In the case of high-
grade silver-lead or gold-copper, sufficient In (act for both development and
equipment. This is the only reason for
the past comparative neglect of the
deposits under consideration, by the
class of men who have done so much
toward opening up tho silver-lead deposits of the Slocan. Capital properly
expended has an extensive and profitable field of operations in the auriferous
quartz deposits of B C "
The total amount of ore shipped from
the Slocan and Slocan  City mining
divisions for the year 1000 was, approximately, 85,000 tons. Since January 1
to March 28, 1001, thu shipments have
been as follows:
W**k    Tot»l
|'*jrn* , IM law
U*t<aiUM«   SI Ml
Hi,!C«St.t                                .      It HI
tluth..  mt
it-STUB    10 ISO
llSWitt     50 Ml
AmarkMiti Boy.    SI *o«
WuitKHi ,  4TI
fad* Dollar   » »»
<«»:::;::::::-.':::■::::: ".
ArUuftMi  an m
TworrlMids..  tn
Kntrrf*:**  U"
IUrtn«y       110
mark Vrliir*  »i
SoodttiirtUrb     ■ •  *• Its
liter Cm.       *9
H*e*. ...  ,  ■  JW '
Hon*»t. ,    *> tan
Hnntwt'C«n.Ool*l rtekU  M
ntttt Klnir            .,       14
it**) rot ■ ■•■ «
Aiit'ihn*  M
Suwiti IIms  Ml
■ JtAUM...  IM
(Vwintk  M
tirmilhulrW           .......  tt
lUmttlrr  m
KtmirtM  I"
Kml>Orrxi|i.  ....            to
t*ti»»i»^i*i                                . H
H'-fraUtnr ,  m
«tj**        ... 10
TcUlton*.. *!t «,«»
«in<*»v v-mnt-tTtT, wnrr.a.
11. If. It**-**, suffering from typhoid
fever, wa* veiy low yeeterday.
F. D I). Kidly, from the Queen B«***,
P A. Munro, who had tmtaiUtis, wa*
discharged yesterday.
W. S Stott, of the Queen Best, h laid
tip with Pott'* fracture.
For the KaMet holidays The C. P. II
*iil tssiH* IkHiiol trip tWkcU A. f*(C, AU'l
on* third; good going April Ithand *4h,
rui'.f n'turtiiiig April *Vfh.
1    John William* ha* a line of biscuit*
M*d trad*r* that only  **qnir/* **linf
to obtain appreciation'. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B. C, MARCH 28, 1901.
Eighth Year
Thk Ledge i> two dollars a year iu advance. When not so paid it is $2.50 to parties worthy ol credit. Legal advertising 10 cents a
nonuariel line first insertion, and 5 cents a line each subsequent insertion. Beadini* notices 26 cents a line, and commercial advertising
graded in prices according to circumstances.
FELLOW PILGRIMS: The Ledge is located at New Denver, B. C, and can be traced to many parts of the earth. It comes to the front
•very Thursday and has never been raided by the sheriff, enowslided by cheap silver, or subdued by the fear of man. It works for the trail
blazer a» well as the bay-windowed and champagne-flavored capitalist. It aims to bo on the right side of everything and believes that hell
should be administered to the wicked in large doses. It has stood the test of time, and an ever-increasing paystreak is proof that It is
better to tell the truth, even if the heavens do occasionally hit our smokestack. A. chute of job work is worked occasionally for the benefit
of humanity and the financier. Come in and see us, but do not pat the bull dog on the cranium, or chase the black cow from our water
barrel: one is savage and the other a victim of thirst. One of the noblest works of creation is the man who always pays the printer; ho is
sure of a bunk in paradise, with thornless roses for a pillow by night, and nothing but gold to look at by day.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.
The Ledge.
A pencil cross in this square
Indicates that your subscription is doe, and that the editor
wishes once again to look at
your collateral. '
THURSDAY,   MARCH 28, 1901.
The greatest holiday of the world
is next Monday.
Nelson lawyers are just now receiving the largest dividends from
Bees are good weather prophets.
They always know enough to come
in before it rains.
The total cost of the Trans-Siberian railway is estimated at a cool
half a billion of dollars.
community are worth. The name
of the town is a weight that would
keep even a feather from getting
completely out of sight.
The calamity caused by the demise of Queen Victoria continues,
to deepen. The land is filled with
agents peddling her life in book
form, while showmen with moving
pictures of the funeral darken the
country with gloom. Thus it is
that dead royalty becometh almost
as expensive as that which still
lives, or sails o'er the seas in search
of obeisance from those who would
put a kink in their necks in order
to gaze at anything in which a
royal tint is apparent.
The ancients were not all sheep
herders. Cast steel was made in
India before the birth of Jesus.
The drinking of tea and coffee
ruins thousands, but no woman has
ever broken up a tea joint with a
The B. C. Government are evidently determined to cinch the
mining business until it falls dead
from exhaustion.
Intemperance iu religion causes
more insanity than anything else.
Sufferers from it are found in almost every community, and yet
legislation is silent. All other
evils are prohibited, but this one is
allowed to run rampant spreading
intellectual ruin through the world.
The hypnotic influence of priest
craft makes thousands part with
their money, while they are looking at the visions of heaven that
are suggested to their tortured
minds. TVVhile in this state of
reformers who would fain bring
them back to a rational condition.
In Finland another paper has
been suppressed by the Russian
officials. In America papers are
only suppressed by the sheriff.
Oxford has the greatest university in the world. Its graduates
can be found all over, even on the
sections of our western railroads.
Under British rule there are 58
millions of Mohammadans, and not
one of them has made a kick against
the coming Coronation Oath of King
Colonel Steele is one of the nation's greatest warriors. About
the only thing that ever downed
him was the huge attack he made
upon Ibex mining stock some years
ago.  ___
The mining districts of B.C. need
more trails and roads, but our legislators think that we only need to
be taxed for developing the country. Serves ub right for living
under the rule of knife-blade legislation. 	
A prominent financial man of
Kelson says that the Slocan will
never be prosperonR until we introduce Chinamen. He must be stuck
on the yellow standard, and Hhould
follow ft to China where he could
revel in yellow .blessings without
spattering the white with a desire
for slavery. __
Lode mining is very young in
this province, and like other in-
funts it should receive thc best of
care. Our Local Legislative mud
diem apparently tin not think no
from the way in which they strive
tt) crush out itn life hy fcaxe* ami
w-strietion*. I>t It grow strong1
Won*, any more* burdens an* placed
upon it* already heavy load.
How sad in tliix life ! April,
with it* full watering can, wil I soon
fi»lt1'T    *\     fftn ft r vi    *«*'.■♦    4 r      »*v •>   •    ■   '■ - ■     '   ■ i*
\\W\«. fllfW nli the lnnrf «'\\h a jov
>™ 9      0
in which we cannot participate.
Our \v»it<*r liarrel is disabled *»
badly that it cannot hold nqun
wiftiiH. find whiskey is drank so
wirtiij    iii   i'iit*    tJviirvi-i   iiiirtHi   uiil
chance* of getting an empty lmrrel
before wunmer aro slitnitigly slim.
The Ui-et'Ztt i» a new |wtp«*r that
has been blown into existence at
WfUakittn by R, C, Edward*. Its*
editor understand a the mining of
humor, and it is to be hojuvi that
hi* Rreete will waft him tip against
the short* of prosperity, although
it night blow him in for all the
Nine years ago New Denver was
known as Eldorado City. It was
talked of as a second Leadville.and
many a heart thumped with hope.
The Government during the excitement placed 100 lots at auction
and sold them for $28,000, one-
third cash. Promises were made
by the Government as to improvements which were never kept. The
N. & S. railway was allowed to
make us look like a lost white chip
in order that speculators could
boom rival towns. The record
office was cut in two with a view of
pleasing voters in a town 17 miles
away, and nothing done to improve
the town in which our grasping
Government had done so well in
the real estate business. After all
these years of neglect comes the
order that the lots with payments
due on them are again to be sold
by auction. This is massage with
a vengeance. As the people bought
lots partially through the influence
of unkept promises, why not give
them back their money, and raise
a feeling of admiration in the community?    	
Exercise all your life. When yon
•top exercising and become indolent,
yon begin to die. Nature has willed
it to. There are in Now York, Philadelphia and Chicago hundreds of
millionaires, and yet among ihom
how many have produced • poem or
a book worth reading, or a peach
worth listening to. They travel
abroad, go to the highest Institutions
of learning; they hire the best teach
ere; they have thousands of bonks in
their libraries. Bat for all that,thelr
intellect witlura under luxurv and
inactivity. How many of these mens
sons ever became renowned in literature, oratory, or stuteomamhtp?
Nature will punish the rich and poor
alike If they will not exercise and
obey her laws, Work or starve Ik
her motto; starve mentally, morally,
and If we do not exerc.Be, we will
die of physical starvation.
vrn     ••,,,..* «
ot onreonmry ettvv? 1r.lt tht* mi'ir
or woman with pnuy body, bent form j
and muscle starved features? Never! f
It is he or she who is strong and |
beautiful physically.
Thfft I*, not. on!v «<*< with Indfvfrin-*l« ■
it fiAs been to with nation*. The!
Olympian games of ancient Greece:
the hlptiodrame for chariot races ana
running; thc pentathlon, which consisted of leaping, quoit throwing,run-
ntng, wrestling; their combats. In
which was displayed much physical
strength, was a part of thslr religion.
Qrewe had her hcroca; ahr. cfltccracd
them as god*. Castor and Pollux
were twin gods; also known under
the name of Dioscuri. The Dioscui i
presided over public games; Castor
being the god of equestrian exercise,
Pollux the god of boxing. Theseus
slew the Cretan bull at Marathon.
He also slew many great and mighty
men. Hercules was trained in all
manly accomplishments by heroes of
the highest renown.v He wrestled
and overcame Achelos. He withstood Are$ Poseidon and Hera, as
well as Apollo. He slew lions, strangled serpents, overcame giants, and
was worshipped as a god.
These men were envied by kings.
Rulers were honored, these men were
worshipped. To be victorious in a
war was much; to be congueror in
combat was more. They thought
more of their physical strength and
beauty than ot their moral integrity;
more of their bodies than of their
Nor was Greece alone in this. Rome
had her gladiatorial games and festivities. There were as many as
five thousand pairs of gladiators 'exhibited at one time. Her vast amphitheatres were crowded with the excited, yelling populace. All-towns
of any size had their arenas and
annual games. A successful gladiator enjoyed greater fame than our
modern athletes. He was presented
with very costly articles, poets sang
his praises; his portrait was multiplied
on vases, lamps and gems, and nigh
born ladies contended for his favors.
He was enshrined in her temples as
the'.'hlghe_8ttype of physical beauty.
The nations when they became indolent and indulgent; when they
thought more ot luxury than exercise,
as world powers fell. When the
Olympian games lost prestige, the
Grecian armies lost their power.
So will all nations or individuals
decay and die if they trespass on the
laws of nature by over eating, liquor-
drinking, the use of drugs, improper
dress, inactivity.
Regarding the treatment of the
body, Charles Elara said: "The body
has its claims—it is a good servant;
treat it well and it will do your work;
attend to its wants and requirements,
listen kindly and patiently to its
hints, occasionally forestall its neces
sities by a little indulgence,and your
consideration will be repaid with interest. But task it, and pine it, make
it a slave instead of a servant, it ma*,
not complain much, but, like tht
weary camel in the desert, it will lie
down and die.—Wm. J. Cromie, in
Physical Culture.
The matter of taxation is one of
great importance to our people. There
will perhaps always be honest differences of opinion as" to the valuation of
properties, but the error of the policy
of practically fining a citizen every
time he makes any improvement to
hisproperty, or of punishing a business man for replacing an old building with a structure that is a credit
to himself and to the city, is very
apparent to any thoughtful person.
While it is not within our sphere of
duties to legislate on the subject of
valuing the land, separately from im
provements, yet those intrusted with
the city assessments would do well to
look .o the law in regard to the valuation ot real estate, and ascertain
whether ih the application of the law
there is not unjust discrimination,
though perhaps not intentionally
made, giving relatively too low a
valuation for the unimproved lands
within the city, and relatively too
high a valuation upon the improved
real estate.---Mayor L. D. Woodruff,
of Johnstown Pa.
A Good Scotch Story.
A good Scotch Sabbath story has
been told by a correspondent to the
London Chronicle: "One Sunday,
says the narrator, I called at a cottage
in the south of Midlothian and requested a measure of milk, which was
promptly handed to me. I offered
the woman a few coppers, but she
curtly responded, 'I canna tak silver
on a Sawbath!' I thanked her, and
was turning away, when she whispered, 'Mon, ye can drap the bawbees in that tub wi' the graith (soapsuds) in't. I'll get them oot the
morn!'"  ■
The Page of the Pipe at Windsor
Castle holds a hereditary office which
dates back to the time of Charles II.
That merry monarch acquired the
tobacco haliit from some of his Virginia colonists, and required a page,
who was paid a salary of 1500 a year
to keep his smoking apparatus in
order. In a moment of generosity
His Majesty made the appointment
permanent. UDtil 1765 the honor
was held by the Duke of Grafton, who
got hard up and sold it to a merchant
named Harrison. As Queen Victoria
did not smoke, the office was a sinecure, but the descendents of Harrison
are entitled to the privilege of entering the presence ol their sovereign at
any time.	
Only one country in the world has
a national bathing day. and that is
Mexico. The day is the 14th of June,
and in the 24 hours so nominated
every one in the republic, from President Diaz down to the commonest
servant is expected to take a good
wash. Unnumbered thousands allow
no water to touch their bodies except
on this occasion.
Antic chloride warmed by ait alkalike
solution of peroxide of hyrfrogun ie at
once reduced to metallic gold. This
reaction servos as a means of separating gold from platinum and iridum.
Jewelers n
Importer* of-Fine Watcnes. Watchmakers and
Opticians. Send for our fine Watch CataloKue.
OLD GOLD and SILVER bou(fht at the htghwt
Garden Seed
The planting season is at hand. If "you plant a
garden you want seeds that will grow and produce something to pay you for your labor. We
have a full selection of the best seeds on the
market.     You can get any variety you want.
* ipalm
Black ninorcas,
B. Plymouth Rocks
Eggs  for Setting,- $1.50 for IS
W. A. WURMAN, N«Uon, B. C, Bm MS
We van wve you
«|iMlly tt* well h»
mull m it you left
your much iwrmn-
if JIUII It Mill   n new
wntch ifiiil im the
modi y rut Intend to
(liven In one, mid
riMX-nlir thu ityla
liri'fi'mil. and we
wilt M'lid «ou the
bent vita*iiroi'iiraM*
fur th"  IIIOIK'V.
Brown Bros.,
The Jeweler*. Nelson.
$   H* 01- €. Block ¥
p        Mm d
V/. G.  Sr?0W|S£
Cigar Oo.
■■HI 0
We carry a stock of which we need say but little.
In every line the goods are the best that can be
bought. Our hams, bacons, and other cured and
canned meats are the freshest that can be obtained. However large or small may be your
order we will promptly fill it. Particular attention paid to mine supplies; we can fit you out
with everything for the prospecting season.
Bourne Bros.,
Label   Marguerite
Our Special
El Condor
Wholesale Liquor Merchants
Finest Stock of Imported Goods in the upper country.   All leading brands of
Canadian Whiskies
Dawson's Perfection, Usher's, De war's, Mitchell's and Doctor's
Special Scotch Whiskies
Ku<it«>iia.v Agent* for Urunswlok-Halkn-Collender Oo. HlllUrd Tablet.
£1 Cielo, Buena Galana, Rosebery, Flor de Marca and La Veda Cigars
Uold, Kllv«r-L«ad »ml Copper Mine* wmi.mI _t the EXCHANGE.
KHEEMILUNO GOLD pro|»rtle»*»nt«U*tonc« lor _Mt»rnIiive»li>r».   ^ _
Parties havlnir mining property for ule are requMtcd to Mnd wmplei of thHr ore to
the Exchang* for exhibition.    „ .
All wimple* ihoulrt be nam by BxpreM, pr.tpi.lil.  CorrtWtondenw Mllolted.
Addre««ll communication! to- ANURKW  r.  KU9KNBBROKR, _
Telepbont No. 104. P. O. Doi TOO. If eUon, D. 0.
The NewmarketHotel,
Has one oI.tlie most beauUfal locations in America, and the public are
assured of pleasant accommodations.
K '. „
For |H li*(>« »|ip|y to-
W. J. MCMILLAN *<:<!
Wiioli'*4ln Air«iit«. d,r Il.C,
Vmipoum, H.U.
Silk Waists
New York
at Mrs. Merkley's
Ate* Denver
K.*W-O. IM**V      *       *       .>BUJUI*
llJf  /Tl\   <*** Tl   V        **•<+ IVlAI    >f»K   *9<*9 Am ^/%  £*>   _m   ll
it j>t*. il K i<\ ■_■» H  i v? _<_» ji il il li«_:«_,
K*t*blUhi>*t 1MI1.
Capital (all paid n\o 4uuuu,uuu.i-j
Hewrved lund   :   ;    7,000,000.00
l/ndlvirlwl pmfi<* :   « I.IO_.7>_.7_
tiK»i» i.met:, miintiiku..
Kt. Hox, TjtiRDHTRATiicoNAa.id Mount Rui'au li.CM.ti, President.
Ilnx. <{. A. Dhl'MMond, Vice President,
E. S. Ci/mjhtox. funeral Manager,
Bronchi'..*, ui nil pitrti <»f Canada, Newfoundland, Great HrlUtin. «nd
the Vniml .Hfates.
New Denver branch
LE B. DIE VEBEk, Man«|ter
V Eighth Year.
THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B. 0., MARCH 28: 1901.
Starch and 11$
The carbohydrate family is a family of four,
viz., starch, cellulose, sugar and dextrin. Starch
and -ellulose are the stable, Insoluble, or permanent forms, while dextrin and sugar ara the soluble f irrns. The two latter are in tbe condition
intended for transportation, while the permanent
foi in is generally found in the shape of starch or
Late In the fall the maple tree carries the
dextrin which is always found m the sap down
to the roots of the tree, where it is converted into
starch. In the spring this starch is largely converted into sugar, and carried up by the sap to
the top of the tree, and is there transformed into
wood, leaves, bark, branches. While it is thus
being transported; the farmer bores a hole in the
tree, puts in a spout, and steals a part of the sap,
which he converts into sugar by evaporating the
■ There aro other trees besides th* maple which
have this property of making sugar; for installed
the hickory, the beech, the box ekler,and various
other trees. Thu same is true of the sorghum; It
is cut when sugar is most abundant In the stem,
the staltts are crushed, the water ts evaporated
from the juice, and thus sugar Is produced.
lime process goes on in the car of corn,
sugar circulates In the stalk in the form of snp,
and Is brought Into the car und deposited lu the
kernels. In tbls vendition tbe com Is said to be
in the milky stage, and at this time it contains a
large amount of sugar and dextrin which have
not yet been converted Into starch, so It Is very
sweet. There la about 15 per cent, of suenr In
corn when It is in the green stage—at that s a#e
when the ears are culled roasting ears. It Is an
important point to know that there is but little
• »tarohIn cornuntlllt is ripe; then the dextrin
and sugar are converted into starch, and deposited in the kernel for future use; so If corn ts
eaten Ih the milk, the starch is largely In a
digested form, thu same as It is in ripe fruit. The
same is true of wheat. When it Is lu the 'milk
there Is a large amount of dextrin and sugar
present, but as the wheat matures, the dextrin
and-Bugar are Anally all converted into starch,
and then there is but little sweetress '- "--
kernel. v
Whi does nature change the sugar and dextrin
into starch?   This certainly does not Increase
its value for eating purposes, but it does Increase
its usefulness for the future good of tbe plant.
Each seed or kernel Is really a legacy which Is
to be passed down to the next generation—a
capital stock for the new plant to begin its fel
upon; it is in reality a last-will and testament
carefully drawn up;" after the propeity is all*
stored away, it is beautifully and closely sealed
in a little horny or glass case.   In this manner
nature cans everything to beeatcn.  The outside
of the little kernel of wheat Is glass, and that Is
what makes it so smooth., There must be some
sand aud calcareous matter around the kernel In
order to keep the water out and proper.y protect
it.   Tbls property that Is so securely sealed up In
the kernel Is largely starch.   It is all thc capital
with which the little wheat plant has to start out
lu life In the following generation; and so nature
ts careful to put In everything that is necessary—
the same as a mother does who puts up a basket
of lunch for her boy or girl who goes to school.
Possibly she will put In a piece of bread and
butter, a piece of pie, and perhaps of Bologna
sausage, and many other Indigestible things.
Nowadays, to be really up to date, the mother
vug uv WTPUITI UTnW"
for him to snbtSt. As he gets nearer the tropics,
we find him giving upon fruits and nuts, and
more naturally in other ways. In tropical
climes can be found . an abundance of luscious
fruit, with Its starch in the form of dextrin and
sugar already digested. Nature intended us to
take starch almost completely digested, but she
never intended that we should eat It in the raw
refractory state in which It is found ih dry
grains. -,•.-''-:
The* original man was supplied with abundance of food In the form of fruits and nuts, and
grain!" in the milky state, for under those conditions the grains undoubtedly ripened ut all
seasons of the year. Because of artificial conditio ;s, we have now left us, compared with what
Adam must have had, only a few specimens of
nuts and a very few scrawny and unpalatable
fruits. Hence the man who lives in the temper"
ate and subtropical regions Is compelled, by
sheer necessity, to feed upon grains, for here the
fruits do not rlpsn at all times of the year, and
nuts are scarce. Where there Is an abundance
of sweet fruits, the people live on them at all
seasons; and In suoh climates there are also nuts
in abundance.
In tropical regions the cocoanut ripens throughout the entire year. It 18. however, eaten In the,
green state; it Is palatable, Is not hard and fibrous,
and can be eaten like custard, With a sharp
knife It can be out through, shell and all. The
fluid In It Is always cold.
There are some SO or 80 different chemical steps
through which starch passses In the process of
conversion Into sugar. Asheat is applied to it,
It first reaches the soluble state, or what is known
as amyludextrln; then passiii. through several
more steps, it reaches another landmark, known
as erythrodcxtrln; passing through several more
steps, It comes to another well-known and easily
recognizable stage, known as aohroodextrla.
then climbing up a few more steps, It becomes
maltose, which Is as far as digestion carries It in
the alimentary canal. But as It passes through
the mucous membrane to be absorbed into the
blood, it is carried through still one more step to
what is known as levulose, the sweetest of all
forms of sugar; that Is what gives to honey Its
rare sweetness. So is it a long ladder to climb In
passing from starch to levulose, which marks
the last stage In the digestion of starch.
No matter how long raw starch is chewed, the
saliva alone can not even begin this process, but
if the first stage has been accomplished by cook
sng, then by long chewing It can be carried up
through the other stages; but In proportion as we
carry it through each of these stages before it is
eaten, the sooner the saliva will tinlsu the process
when it has an opportunity to come In contact
with It,   7\
We must not overlook this point, that we have
to supply saliva enough every day to act upon
about ll! ounces, or a pound, of starch, and convert It Into sugar. The saliva Is swallowed with
the starch, and continues for a long time to act
upon it In the stomach, converting a portion of it
Into ninltose, and as It passes on liito the intestines
It is further acted upon by the pancreatic juice,
which converts tlie remainder Into the same substance; and as the maltose is passed through the
mucous membrane of the inteitkies to be ab
sorbed into the blood, the process is, as before
stated, completed, namely, Its conversion into
, The evils which result from IraiwrfecUy cooked
a^ogeJjtttrc_late_8lmQst_iDJiumerable.   Starch, when
foods" that are ready for use after fifteen minutes
bf cooking are a delusion and a snare. It Is impossible to prepare cereals properly even by ai.y
length of kettle cooking; they must he cooked
dry. at a temperature of about 800°. There are
three ways of preparing cereals, viz., kettla
cooking, oven cooking and roasting. Kettle
cooking produces only paste; oven cooking is a
great deal better, but roasting, by which the
starch in cooked until thoroughly browned, is j it ia cheered; towns are decked with flags to re
tire only complete cooking
We were never Intended to eat raw starch, but
we are In a situation where we must accommodate ourselves to our difficulties, and in this
emergency we must make the best of it, and in
order to do that with starch, we must cook it
until it is brown. If we arts to use grains, we
must bring the starch as nearly as possible to the
state in which we find the carbohydrates in
fruit. We can carry it through the first three
principal (stages of dextrlnization by heat alone,
and by the action of vegetable diastase we may
carry It even one step further—to that of maltose
—and then it Is ready for Immediate absorption.
-J. H. Kellogg, M. D„ in "Good Health."
Africa, without mentioning the more heinous
crimes that have been done in the name of
Christianity, should have so long continued
without arousing the Christian indignation of
our so-called Christian empire.
As Marbeau truly says: "A man kills another
to have his purse; he is arrested, sent to prison,
condemned to death. 7 .A nation slaughters
another to rob Its fields, houses, wealth, customs;
of some digestive agent, as pepsin,or wmething
of that kind, so that the indigestible things can
be digested. But nature puts in *a stomach, so
to speak, along with the starch, for tt deposits a
little digestive agent, diastase, for the purpose of
digesting the starch. A little of this is placed In
every kernel ot corn, wheat, barley or rye, and
Its purpose is to digest or transform the starch
when In the future tho, little plant will need It
for nourishment.
When the kernel of wheat or corn is taken
away from the stalk and put Into Ihe ground,
, then tlie old father or mother is dead and gone,
and the little youngster—that li the germ—lies
beside his bundle of provisions which is so
closely attached to him. That bundle contain*
his breakfast, dinner and supper; It is his whole
property; It Is the legacy left hnn with which to
start his new life, and while yet tt Is buried In
tbe ground, the warmth from the sunlight
reaches It. and starts up the activity of the
diastase so that tt begins to digest some of the
starch in this little bundle, and converts it Into
•ugar, just the same as hapiiens In the roots of
the maple tree tn springtime. This sugar then
becomes the nursing bottle of the little plant,
•nd furnishes it with the material for building
uplu stem, for tin' stein must lie fed In tl.ii
manner until tt get* tip Into the sunlight, a* it Is
only under the murvelous influence of sunlight
that the wonderful transformation can take
place whereby earlionlc arid gas, sir, water and
various substances In the soil can lie brought
together to produce more starob.
Tbls process can not begin until the item
reaches the light, to nature Intends to put
enough starch Into the little bundle to enable
the plant to reach lu head above the earth into
the light; but if It Is burled too deep, It will die,
bcososs there U not material enough In (be seed
to enable It to reach out of the ground; (U capital
Is used up before the stem Is able to begin to
appropriate new March. It Is Just as If a father
had given a boy enough money to build a mill,
but If he build* tbe mill on to» targe s scale, so
that he does not have money enough left to get
the machinery with whUh to mu th* mttl, he
must fall In business, Ho. If tho kernel of wheat
Is buried too deep, It will use up Its store of nourishment before It rescues the sunlight where ft
cab receive help to manufacture more deitrin
•ud sugar upon which to live and trow. The
wood In our fumsce» Is really made from surer
•nd deitrtn. The chemist can convert starch
Into sugar by tlie iiroper chemical processes; he
can even convert sawdust Into sugar, sn It Is
evident that thl* fsmlly-starrb, cellulose, das*
trtn and suirsr-src all rhlldrvn of the tame
* FhaifeitriiiSinl the «iiKnr are the traveling
mcmlier* of the family, while tlte March and tlie
cellulose are the stationary membets-*they «••}•
•t home, and can not lie carried shout a» th-*
otbtr* *nt» ie> lis* %*p _t >,h* gr4*l. t* ***»"*
eaten In this condition, remains In the. stomach
for a long time, and, though practically liidl-
gestible, has still been cooked just sufficiently to
be fermentable; therefore it. sours, forming acids
which Irritate the mucous membrane and set up
catarrh of the stomached when these acid oon-
tenU'are leased into the Intestines, further Irritation Is produced. From the gas thus formed,
there result distention and dilation of the stomach, and other troubles from thc absorption of
acetic acid, which Is formal during the process
Prom the recent researches of Drs Bolx It has
been made clear that this acid ts more productive
of gin liver than alcohol Itself. The formation
of butyric and formic acids also leads to cirrhosis
of tin; liver and the derangement of the whole
body. I think that mushis are responsible more
than any other food for the production of dyspepsia. These kettle-cooked starches have only been
cooked sufficiently to make paste* and tbe paste
forms lump* in the stomach. Oatmeal cooked In
this way Is filmy; If put upon the hand, it wilt
-.tick like a life Insurance agent. The seme is
true of the Inside of bread that. Is Imperfectly
done. One can work It Into a bullet si hard that
tt seems as If it would kill n man if tired at him at
close range. The troubles that result from eating
poorly cooked starchy food lead to the worse
habit of meat eating. Many persons who have
acquired the habit of vsihig poorly cooked oatmeal and similar foods have become dyi|«ptlcs;
they have then begun the use of meat, which
apparently given them less (Hitrem because it does
notsur In the stomach, and Is digested by the
gastric Juice without much difficulty. But If the
person eats a combination of beefsteak and oatmeal, he Is worm off tlm n bnfore, beaauw the
meat slworlw the gastric jnlcc en it can no
longer act *» an antiseptic, nnd the oatmeal has
• better chance to fermenl, A combination of
most with these Imperfectly cooked cereals In
reality results lu the worst kind of <tl*orders,and
so little by little tiie man Intuitively dro-n off the
oatmeal and similar foods, and comes to live
almost exclusively U|ion meat.
Unfortunately, It Is too often the custom to cut
nlfthe outside of the lorif, lesvlnir the Inside a
sort of whtted sepulober. Tbeorust Is tlie only
part ut such bread that It Is possible to dlge»t,ths
mural |i.irtJ.)ii rouUlnliig mllll >n»of gtnus.sad
If swsllowed with beefsteak, being practically
Indigestible; yet on account of the yeast that Is in
It, It ferments lu the stomach Just the same as It
would In the bread trough; and. as It must remain In the •toniM-h for • long time, the beef-
■teak requiring severs! Hours fur digestkiii. fermentation le certain to lake place, $■> thi> man
finally wanes to eat nothing tail beefsteak snd
other evil things.
Thus we A merUans; as well a* tlie Knjrllsh
and AuMnilliiin. have inmii in be great meat
eater*; et the same tim<- we have n*sehed Ihe
|*»liit wh«iv we ar* rwoitnlsed as s "nation of
i|ti.|«-|,l|r« *'   || {• mv • minimi iliul thl* use of
To the Editor of Thk Ledge :
Dear Sir,—The saddest, sorriest scandal on
the Christianity of the 20th century Is the pagan
patrimony of war. The fashion of International
butchery has changed with our clothes, but the
same sulphur-tainted spirit of universal murder-
hood is not one whit removed from that of tho
early Danish Vikings and Saxon Baronial days.
Inevitably much of the blame for this condition of things must lie with theologians and
churchmen. Firstly, because so much blood has
been shed in what has falsely been called Christian war; and, secondly, because such rank
heresy has been taught respecting Old Testa"
ment history. •
The historical value and accuracy of the Old
Testament we do hot question, nor that the half-
ctvlllzed Jewish people of early Bible times sup-
erstitlously' believed (like many half-civilized
Gentiles today) that by going to war and ripping
un and mowing down their fellow men they were
doing God's service. But that they simply
fought in this manner we find it Impossible to
accept, if we are to accept the Christ of the New
Testament, which we certainly prefer.
There is nothing in common between the spirit
of war and the spirit of Him whose incarnation
was heralded by the gladsome message of "Peace
oa earth, good will to men," and who we are
told went about doing good. Yet, notwithstanding the plain and manifest teaching of the
New Testament, which, in both spirit and letter,
Is antagonistic to the wholesale butchery of any
age, thc whole of the ecclesiastical fraternity,
with scarcely an exception, have been imploring
the Great Spirit to accept their national offerings
of human sacrifice and tlieir flag worship
Because a few missionaries were massacred In
China, the real cause of which has not been
clearly established, the Chinese empire has been
converted into one huge military camp, where
all the armed butchers of the powers out of work
have been sent to mow down a few thousand
harmless mongolians—and to plunder. In each
case they have performed their horrible tasks
Only too well. In the former vengeance has"been'|
had a hundred fold; in the latter the work Is yet
celve the conquerors when they enter, covered
with blood and booty. '"-. .> To those who
have the most killed, plundered, burnt, high
sounding titles which must perpetuate their
names through ages, are conferred upon them.
We say. "You will honor this hero, for he aloue.
has killed more people than a tho sand murderers together." And whilst the body of the murderer rots, beheaded, in an infamous sepulchre,
the statute of he who has killed thirty thousand
men, stands up in the middle of public squares.
Everything belonging to him is a sacred relic,
and people come crowding the museums, like iu
a pilgrimage, to admire his sword, 'mace, coat of
mail, the plume of his helmet; sorry not to see
the splashes of blood of thu ancient butcheries.
Writing from tho Transvaal, Michael Davltt
in one of his letters says: "A ease which excited
the greatest indignation was that of the Beater's
family, one of the most respectable families
around Dundee. Four women, one aged 45, one
18, one 14 and one li, were each and all outraged
by men of an English patrol, the two children
being the most violently ravished, mid in addition
being infected with an abominable disease which
tbe animals brought with them from India.
Yes, sir; these are tbe men who come here to
teach "the ignorant Boers" "true Christian civilization."
Why prolong thc harrowing record. They
may be but the Incidents of war. If so, it is an
additional argument in favor ol its abolition.
When not a single Boer house in the country between Dundee and Vryheld has been left standing, all having been burned by the British; when
pregnant women, mothers with infants at the
breast, and toothless, Infirm women arc rendered
homeless and left to starve on the veldt or huddled promiscuously in carts, wagons and quarantine, while the British officers (who perpetrate
such outrages upon helpless, harmless humanity)
are having champagne and a comparatively
luxurious existence, it says little for the spirit of
gallantry and British f airplay, which Is the boasted heritage of the Anglo-Saxon race. Arbitration by courts of justice has abolished duelling
amongst individuals. Surely a similar sane
policy ought to be as Imperative and effectual
amongst national If It Is a crime for one man to
kill another, it is equally a crime of murder
which has been responsible for the loss of the
100,000 men butchered In China and South Africa.
"We speak of great Christian wars," says Dr.
Herron/'but there can no more be a Christian
war than there can be a Christian highway robbery, or a Christian murder of one's children.
The idea of Jesus and the idea of war can no
more be used to qualify or describe each other
than the choice sayings of the mystic can be
used to describe the popular sins of assassination.
The two Ideas are antithesis that belong to entirely different worlds of conception and action,
and they have nothinj, to do with each otliei.
'. .'. ■ There is no way of translating into each
other the terms of war and the terms of Jesus.'
Kootenay. B.C.. March 22d, 1801.
Grimmett Block, Reco Ave.
Sandon, B. C.
to supply builders and contractors
with all the above building materials.
Our products received First Prizes
and Medals the last two years at the
Spokane Exposition. The Lime that
we are now manufacturing is not
excelled. Special quotations to contractors on application.
NELSON; B.C. P. O. BOX 688
Rents Collected.   District agent
The Great West Life Assurance Co., Winnipeg', Man.
Agent Norwich Union Fire Insurance Company.
Connecticut Fire Insurance Co., of Hartford0
£tna Fire Insurance Company.
Phoenix, of Hartford, Conn.,
Pacific Coast Fire Insurance Company,
Imperial Registry Company,
Tbe Dominion of Canada Guarantee "aud
Accident Insurance Company ■
Three Forks
B. C.
Call  and see   the   largest
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Gents'
yellow journalism, or a word of protest from the
proud, stiff. Jlngo-smltten eccleslastiolsm of this
and other lands, the horrible brutalities described by Dr. Dlllou in the Contemporary Re-
Tlew for January are still carrledon. Dr. Dillon,
lately from the field uf action, say*: " 'What In
heaven's name Is this,' I exclaimed one day,
thumplni* with my knuckles a very biff black
box In the house of a rich man. The house was
in Tunjrtsehan, the sombre receptacle In one of
the largest rooms, and a torturing stench proceeded from it. 'It Is the girls, sir, three jdrls.*
answered my attendant, who was a European.
'Their corpses are lylujr lu the box there,' he explained. 'Who put them there? 'Somcofflcers.
'Are you quite sure ol it"-" 'Yes sir. I was here
when it was being done.' 'Did you see tbe young
woman yourself?' 'I did. They were the
daughters of the man who own* tbe house. The
officers railed them, and then bad them stabbed
with bayonets, When they were dead they were
put Into this box and It was covered up as you
sue.' Good Godl what a dismal state of tilings we
are come to! 'That sort of thing happened before, sir. Very often,loo, I can tell you. There
were worse cases tbau tbls. These hsre were
raped and stabbed; others have lioen rajied to
death, and got no slabbing.'"
In South Africa the same sickening story Is to
tell, where tbe most powerful nation In Ihe world,
with all the modern advantages of military
science and n standing army hsvc for nearly
two years carried on a warfare cf extermination
against a ha-dful of Dutch farmers. Without
going Into the merits of the Boer war, does It
nevertheless appear as a vtery remarkable coincidence that tiie brutal autraget of houscburnlnf
aud war against women and children In South
The Hunter-Kendrick Co.
J. E. Angrignon
The Leading
Finest Shop in the Slocan.
Brick Block,   Bellevue Ave.,
Denver, B. C,
Provides accommodation for
the travelling public..... .
Pleasant rooms, and good
meals. The bar is stocked
with wines, liquors and
cigars. HOT and COLD
HUGHNI\EN, Proprietor.
NOTICE is hereby given that, in pursuance of
the notification published by this Department, and dated 22nd June, \8M~, under section
88 of the "Land Act," agreements for the sale of
Lets In the Town of New Denver, which were
Surchased from the Government at puhlio auc-
on on 20th July, 1892, and 	
ance of purchase mone
paid up by the SOth Api
and all moneys paid therein will be forfeited.
uiion which the bat-
By and interest Is not fully
rll next, will Ixs caucelle
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Deiiartuient, Victoria, B. C,
Slat March. 1901.
To THOMAS SHEA, owner of an undivided
one-eighth (}) interest in the Nabob mineral
claim, situated on Reco mountain, and adjoining Blue Bird and Trade Dollar. mineral ■
claims,und recorded at New Denver record
•TAKE NOTICE, Unit I. B. W. Bull, have done
1   and recorded tho annual assessment work as
required by Section -'4 of the Mineral Act, on the
above olafm for year ending .July 15, 1900, and
that your share of expense of said work Is now
due.  Should you fall to contribute your share of
expenditure for above work together with cost of
this advertisement 1 will at expiration of said 90
days apply to Recorder to have your interest in
above claim transferred to me, pursuant to section 4, Mineral Act Amendment Act, 1900
Fire Valley, B.C., March 28,1901.
When in NELSON see our
H. BEHNE, or to any
   person or persons
to whom he may have transferred his interest
in the Miner Boy mineral claim, situate on
the north side of .Cariienter creek, in the
Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay
District, and recorded in the Recorder's office
at New Denver. B. C, <>u July 4th, 1892.
E. SKINNER, Tailor
Fred. J. Squire,
To and from European points via Canadian
and American Hues.    Apply  for .sailing dates
rates, tickets and full information to any C,
tty ancnt or—
C. P. R. Aaent, New Denver.
W V. V. Cummings, Q. S. H. Agt., Wlnnipec
Miners, Attention!
VOU or any of you are hereby
1   have expended two hundred
notified that we
,      ed and fifty-six
dollars and. fifty cents In labor and Improvements upou the above mineral claim, under the
provision pf_tbe mjnemljict^jtiidJLrfithlnjitnetv._
days froni the date oj this noMeiTyou fall or refuse to contribute your proiwrtion of Mich expenditures, together with all cost of advertising,
your Interest In said mineral claim will become
the property ofthe undersign*! under section 4
f f an Act entitled An A<;t to Amend the Mineral
Act 1900.
Dated thU 23d day of March. 1901
A. ¥. ADAMS.
To E. J. MATHEWS, or to any person or persons to whom lie may liave transferred bis
Interest In the Hattie E mineral claim, at
Glacier creek, a tributary ol Wilson creek,
nine miles from Three Forks, and m-ordedln
the Record*'fllt-c for the Slocan Minim*
1 expended One. 11 umlreil Dollars In lab >r and
improvements upon tin* above mentioned mineral
claim, in ordor to bold *»ld mineral claim under
thins (hat t-au not be dl-v-Jvcd. and iben furr
i*»n not Im-narried awiiy    (I nnttirv should •lorn!
sway suitarlluitead of siiri'U, It wimtd Ih< din-,
solved by the Wrst rainstorm, stnl nvery rain!
would »|*oll tlte sued, but March Is lusont.li*. and <
ft.rllilM' tttn-t tt<M    •• U fl«#eT»*W»?*>Wr>
The ol.lrctlim to th- u*» nf start-h is ih»i it wa*
n«v.-r ib-»iKiv«n t»»»• *>t.i'u i-'**- tn .u> p.upn.ii.|-
stile ektenl.  Our iniii am nwi .*«iu*<l*- ,-,/n
•Wiiii«tMMi»m>*4k.i*** JhMrr aril»i.hl>uf ilw-y ,*rt
aiilptwl to the n**> «t tlw- aralli  In "lie trtlli.ii" •
»Uay, Ju«t :<• lln-y are ni|,i|it**<l tt vlie^luij   tii.t*
•>»n!fnil'»     tn lb.- (ri-'itiri  i.l*r<". **".ti"h in *H»
rawslatfi*. <iml Js, hi Un   l"Nii in  winch tl  i«!
found In ni* liTSbi, I* nut illm-MlWe in the »t«wi-1
aeb.   We «tio*il<l imi, however, r.iniiuili* tn dl«-
• srdltarili r-*it(i.«l. but we MiouM. «,. fur ..«
poatlbV, l*rinif li l.*rk iu ihe form »t le*.t*ln
thftfoMifii *»blrh *uinir i* ftirwhlwl lo n* tn
fntlti and m»w; then It l« th fi»r huou.ii ronsnwf
llaiv.   The ii,>,..t«u*tj- fir the ti-m nf .lev winds   iv-
•alts largely fr«m the i«rrenne*« of the earth,|
fM«Mf*pfi#sriii'e .rf nuts urn! fmllt. mid On-
pmernlti «f mnn In Iti»Hltie n\*m llvltip in;
Ills vtty reasonable 'lint Tuitnn*'should mann. I *•«•».* I« l"'sHy re-|K.mlble for the eitenstve|
failure Man li for U* plant, l-wsnse tt U »mt,* S "«•,rf »w"    >'l*> wl*<-,|> i"*verti«il "l.reiikf»»t j
I   •■■■■■'■■'■■^•■■■""s'S'ils'S"!-!^ I
ftevaetaa*-. oassu o» ssaraa sowesa     j
Htffhett Honor*, World* Fair
Oold Medal, Midwinter Pair
John Hancock, SI Jewell, the leading rail- AUf,
way watch «jpuu
New Railway. IT ruby Jewels, adjusted... -AMY)
DueberOrand, 17 Jewels, adjusted, especially food witch for qaad tlm* snd _1 K
hattfiirvlr* "..... f*D
Dueber Wstrh Co., IA jewels, a vood time JtQ Hi
pleeet sstltfartory for a Utiles money V*
Chsmpton. I Jswel*, warranted «slUfsetory,*n
These prices will compare favorably with any '
letfltlmai* Jewelery house, nasi »r west     I hav« i
suitable eases In nickle, slim and tfnkl filled,
from U..VI im »ll.0ii.
0.  W. (fKIMMKTT, Oraditate 0,,tie|.n
and Jewsler.
•UXKIV   B i' J
lluyer and Ks*n*rier "• €
yf% 'CKOWNaRAND" *Dp
the provUlons of the Mineral Act,
ninety days from tlie ilme of this notice you fall
or refuse to contribute your prnimrtlon of such
expenditure, touutlnr with all oust* of advertising, your Interest In -«l«i claim wilt become the
property of the siilim-riber under Kortlon 4 of an
Act entitled, "An Act to Amend the Mineral Act
inoo."     „
SusEl'll H. MARTIN.
Three Forks, B. <\, March «. 1»U.
MAN and KKI.IMK  Mineral Claims.
Nltimte In the Slocan llinliiL*
Kootenay  DUtikt.   Where locste/l: About
one mile southeast.»( N*iw Denver.
TAKE NOTICE that I. John Mi-Utchle, of
I the city of Nelson actlnir as sirent for R. C.
Camnbell-Joliuston. (reu mluir's certificate No
II 16.BM, Intend, sixty days from the d»te hereof,
to apply to the lltnlntc Recorder for CertlBrstee
of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining
Crown Grants of the above claims
And further take notice that action, under section 87, must be commenced More the issuance
of such CertWratee nf Imiimvements.
<» February, iuui.
MrkATCAlR.P. L. M.
listed this Wrd day ii
OB A   (IRAN DA   Mineral Claim
Minltii- DIvUloii of
Where loostedi-
Hliuste hi tbs Arrow Uke
Ws« Kootenay District.       . _.
On Itinera! Creek, aliout thr. t m\\t* fn.m Its
jotwttoo with (TarlUMilvnsk.
TAKE NOTICE Tint! 1. Y. C Utwh, of Nelson .
1 11. C . sctliiK as stieul fur WlllUm II. Ilurtt,
K. M. C. U.47A. "leorve II. I) err V, U, C. M.4M,
and Ofirat U. Annls. K M. C. Sn B HM»,
Intend, «lit» dsyi from Ui« dste hereof, lo
apply to the lilitlmr Reennler for s IVnlBr.atr of
Improvement, for ilw pur|*«e of ubtalnlnt a
Crown Mrant ofthe nlmve .Uim,
And fnrthrr take iioiIit thai sciIimi, under •*«'•
tion S7,imt»t In- ronimeiMitl Mi in- >he IsMisn'-e
'i* inch OHlBrate <»< lin|*Mvemeiil«
|)st«.l this nth ds.v u( mi i„ii, r. im>i
V I'. ilUEKN, H.L.H.
tuuaikhl t'Hicif..-*
ship in Kxi*m« NCLSON, O.
Whose o
Place *
(lutta Porelia Walor-proof Fuse has
lKM3ii proved and not found wanting
Aw miHs-tioleN.   Ao riuiriiiitr.
I <'
i>i *>
U NEW DEW   EW, B.C. SltVlflTON, O C. A
rsKgrAiJ.Ki>sKitvn v.
Hll'KUU Kv!'I!».MhXT
New Uenver, B.C.
elMstM whli-li arc not siUpieJ t. him, »t»1t
*Urt art •'* h<»Ht«Hl# to hi m I
Man li natuimlly tropleil, snd the farther lis
■**• turn that eWnute. tlK- m*t* difknR tt Is •
tmwf 999 Iwlntww In bMMfc
rum. bvanr*
I FVwh Vhb *!! tlm time,
I Poaltry mm the timr
------ ""i
Si. James
\ J-.COH50N *io..f»ref«
}W-ii'Mla in U»e fiiv—i'oniforTAliff rr>r,ni**~-Hrtr re\Aat^t with the bett of
\ f.biaora himI <.'ifrt*nn—Itmf «#«rvt«*p f»ir« iifclKxit.
ih* ...j
<H1N7\   .I.VI'AV
ntKI'AII*   'IKKJ7IA    I'ltnM
"S.i' i *'l ^ 11;i.
Fur Mint -iii.li-
on «r »itdr»««i lw i
•     ' - (Hi., illll ml-
;*>p*r.** 1.^ aI nifriil
IIIISll»li l«U
U, h. I. At.liht I   *«•»! V • «»rn*rr.
V.. -I. fVivIe, A  li  I". At* . Vnne.iiiver
t. ***, Istri. e. I* I* \.. NrlsMl. I». ti ,■■■*, --'
' iA7fes>"^*?5 *"" '
~l   -
Eighth Yeab
Keep a smile on your Ups; it is better
To joyfully, hopefully try
For the end you would gain than to fetter
Your life with a moan and a sigh.
There are clouds in the firmament ever
The beauty of heaven to mar,
Yet night so profound there is never
But somewhere Is shining a star.
Keep a song in your heart; it will lighten
The duty you hold In your hand;
Its musio will jraciously brighten
The work ytrar high purpose has planned.
Your notes to the lives that are saddened
May make them to hopefully yearn,
And earth shall be wondrously gladdened
By songs they shall sing in return.
Keep a task in your hands; you must labor,
By toll is true happiness won;
For foe and for friend and for neighbor,
Rejoice, there is much to be done.
Endeavor, by crowning life's duty
With joy-giving song and with smile,
To make the world fuller of beauty
Because you were in it a, while.
—Good Cheer.
There is much talk at the present
time, both in the English and United
States press, of the rise of America as a
commercial and manufacturing po wer,
and there are many prophets, who see
through the rosy-colored glass of hope,
the predominance of the United States
among the manufacturing* nations of
the 20th century. Britain is to be rela-
gated to the second place, perhaps to
the third place, in which case! Germany
would rank next to the United StateB.
As to this question of manufacturing
supremacy, Canada will have something
to do as well as something to say. We
hare here half the continent of America,
not only in geographical area, but in
Iiotential resources. It is true that a
argd portion of these resources are as
yet undeveloped, and many of them
really unknown, but in these days of
remarkable engineering developments,
and the facilities of construction rendered possible by modern machinery,
these resources will soon be turned into
account. We have already referred to
the great development being made in
the exploitation of some of these resources by such men as H. M. Whitney,
F. H. Clergue and others, and these
isolated efforts are only the beginning
of industrial movements which wiu
place Canada in no mean position alongside of the United States.
Look for a moment at the facilities
Canada possesses in shipbuilding. In
Nova Scotia and Cape Breton ttwe have
a province situated geographically better, than any of the sea coast divisions
•of the United States, to compete with
ihe trade between the Western Hemisphere and Europe, while as for the industry of shipbuilding itself, its position
is unique. No other country in the
world, not even excepting Great Britain
itself, has such a combination of limitless stores of coal, iron, limestone, timber, and other raw,; materials for ship-
_building..all placed together.by nature
within tlie easiest access to the sea, and
what is more to the purpose, no other
country has such a remarkable coast
Long ago frightened wretches, who
had by tyranny or piracy amassed
great fortunes, were induced in the mo
ment of death to compromise with
God, and to let their money fall from
their stiffening hands into the greedy
palms of priests. In this way many
theological seminaries were endowed,
and in this way prejudices, mistakes,
absurdities, known as religious truths,
have been perpetuated. In this way
the dead hypocrites have propogated
and supported their kind.—Ingersoll.
When In need of (>
line as this province, where all inhabit
ants may become familiar with the great
element whose control forms the key of
future power. There is not a single
eounty in the whole of Nova Scotia and
Cape Breton which has not the sea for
one or more of its boundaries, while
New Brunswick is scarcely less favorably situated today for the upbuilding
of maritime strength* After the middle
of the last century, before wooden ship
building had declined, Canada was the
third power in the world in its tonnage
of commercial shipping.but in the inter
val between the age of wooden ships
and that of iron and steel vessels, we
have simply failed to realize the
strength that is In us. Now, however,
we have begun to wake up. and it will
be but a few years before the Canadian
Maritime Provinces will be building
steel ships to greater advantage than
any country id Europe or America,
while on the Pacific connt the situation
of British Columbia and Vancouver
Island are equally marked out by nature
(or the same proininutice when compared to American Pacific States, which
our Maritime Provinces hold over the
Atlantic StatcH, only the development
f-v, of this industry on the Pacific may be
deferred for a number of years. The
development of the inland resources of
Canada, which will be brought about
by railway construction and improved
navigation of our lakes And rivers, is
just as certain as that nf our two sea
coasts, while to north, towards Hudson
Bar, ''the first low wash" of that tide of
industrial activity is bugiuning and
will roll on to un extent which can not
yet be animated. Apart from the resources of Canada in minerals and in
forest and nurrfcultttrnl wealth, the
coloasal chain of wntur powers are a
source of industrial strength to which
no land in the world can -.liow a parallel.
Theee powers are every year becoming
better appreciated as an element of
strength in tho industry nf this country,
and tne progress of electricity will raise
the value of this great source of power
■till more in the near future. Taking
these various elements of Industrial
power into consideration, and rocognli*
ing th« fact Hint Canada Is heart and
son! a part nf the British Empire, It is
rash to predict that the United 8UU«s
I* destiiHid loalipsii Great Britain in
the "itrenuou* years to be "
British i'»nillall«t*4. howt-vnr, tntrntl
realist* mora clearly than thev mwmvi
now to do, that tlm development of the
latent rmmuuvs of Canada under the
new condition-: of mutlnccring srionen,
is thrtr min**t hojm for maintaining thn
industrial position "f the Empire, and
merit partU ulitrly its supremacy as a
shiphnlldlriir Ktnnire.   If the millions
&.T!. Wi'"°" !T* lhfow" ,nuM General bravtar. Mtafn _• Snti
invested in Ihe Iron, aUl, nickel and J   PllCS a«d HeaVJT TranSpOsI"
is the best American example of what
metallurgical triumphs the cyanide process has won. It has created the prosperity of that section.
There is a constant loss ot heat in
water used for cooling the cylinder of a
gas engine, which could be practically
utilized. "
„ In early California hydraulic practice
it was not unusual in sluicing to have
as much as 4,000 pounds of mercury in
use at one time.
A pound of zinc, when cut in shavings
such as are used in the cyanide process,
would expdse from 1,500 to 1,600 square
feet of surface.
Steam is said to be superheated when
its temperature is higher than that corresponding to the pressure at which it
is generated, and has a reserve of heat
that it can afford to lose before it comes
to the condensing point.
A tripple expansion engine with tour
cylinders is usually made with one high
pressure cylinder, ene intermediate and
tAvo low pressure cvlinders. A quadruple expansion engine may have one
high pressure and two each of intermediate and low pressure.
With few exceptions the large and
handsome structures in San Francisco,
Denver and Salt Lake City are the results of profit in mining, and the bulk
of the manufacturing and industrial
enterprises in.those three cities had
their start from the same source.
It may be taken as a general law in
the development of engineering practice
in all lines that, at first, attention is
mainly centered on mere accomplishment; and then as the principles come
to be better understood, they are examined in detail for efficiency of operation.
Drift mining is peculiar to California
on this continent, but is duplicated in
Australia, where cement and blue gravel
is followed under the lava capping.
Some California drift mines have yielded as high as 12.50 gold per cubic yard
of material handled.
It is not the absence of temptation,
but the reaction from it that insures
the persistence of virtue.—-David Starr
A German proverb tells us that every
great vrar leaves a couutry with three
armies—one of invalids, one of mourn*
ing and one oi the idle persons ready to
commit crime.—Unity.
It will become a matter of wonder
that there should ever have existed
those who thought it admirable to enjoy without working, at the expense of
others who worked without enjoying.
Herbert Spencer.
The Bible, in short, is sectarian. The
Catholic's version is different from that
of the Protestant, and its relation to
his faith is wholly different from its relation to the faith of a Protestant.
Bible reading is; really as sectarian as
tion of liberty'and justice to levy a rate
upon all classes to employ officials to
teach the Bible in Board schools as to
levy a rate for the teaching of the
Athanasian Creed.—J M. Wheeler.
Who travels alone with his eye on the heights,
Though he laughs in the day-time, oft weeps
through the nights.
For courage goes down with the set of the sun,
When the toil of the journey is all borne by one*
He speeds but to grief, though full gayly he ride,
Vi ho irarels alone without love at his side.
Who travels alone, without lover or friend,
But hurries from nothing to naught at the end,
Tho' great be his winnings, and hiffh be his goal,
He Is bankrupt In wisdom and beggared in soul.
Life's one gift of value to hiu. is denied,
Who travels alone without love at his side.
It is easy enough in this world to make haste
If we live for that purpose; but think of the waste!
For life is a poem to leisurely read,
And the joy of the journey lies not iu the speed.
Oh, vain bis achievement, and petty his pride,
Who travels alone without love at his side.
—Ella Wheeler Wlloox.
i Picture  Framing  and   Room
i Moulding, write to
A    Mail ordsis receive prompt attention
prompt attention    A
Staple and Fancy
Agent for
other induHtrfi'i*. of Canada, thu dangers
that threaten (hiu Empire from thu
rivalry of tin* United StaUw and Oer*
iiihiiv   rniiM   *oi>ii   h«  avitirUid —Tin
\,Aiimnhn '.U-iiii-i I
1t;i»*•*«:«   AMIt   MINIIffl.
"Hard" water will take up but little
load from lead pipe** "soft water, or
carbonated wsti-r, will dissolve the lead
in much y-r.'j.tt'v muutii*..
B-iilurs operated at 5,'HI f«i«»t above
»«■« !«Ti*i requirt* l»> pur rent, umri* air, \
or draft, than at the l«vel nf tht* ocean, j
and aHoni :V> i*r cent   at  !(»,<* *J feet
alMtudft i
Probably the Merenr district, t'tak.j
atlon a Specialty.
Otir rtAVfttttt* w*n*nrm tn^pt  *H Stin-
day trains.
Saddle Horses and Pack * .intuit.
Feed Stable* at New Denver.
A lull line of ftllvMi ware „uU choitie
Confectionery at
.fp.*«|ih!iic St , Xci.' l;*nv«r
The world has never had a mood definition of the word " Liberty," and the
American people just now are much in
want of one, With some the word
"Liberty" may mean for each man to
do as he pleases with himself and with
the product of his labors, while with
others the same word may mean for
the same men to do as they please with
other men and the product of other
men's labors. ... .7 The shepherd
drives the wolf from the sheep's throat,
for which the sheep thanks the shepherd as his liberator, while the wolf
denounces him for the same act as tne
destroyer of liberty, especially as the
sheep Va« a black one.—Abraham Lincoln. i__'  _  _
John Williams has hardened his muscle to a milk shake; finish, and only
awaits the coming of a heated atmosphere before he will place in front of
the thirsty public those long: drinks of
icy, frothy sweetness that are so, popular when Old Sol's red rays are too
active,   a
Office: 10 First Ave. P. O. Box 37
V. & N. Phone.       Established at Rossland 1896
Mines and Investments
We have first-class connections with mining
men and capitalists In the United States and
Eastern Canada and can find the necessary
money to work and develop meritorious silver-
lead properties In the Lardo aad Slocan districts.
If you have a good allver-lead property with fine
surface showings, please write to us and we will
find tbe right party to take hold
[Condensed advertisements, suoh as For Sale,
Wanted, Lost, Strayed, Stolen, Births. Deaths,
Marriages, Personal, Hotels, Legal, Medlcal.etc,.
are Inserted when not exceeding 20 words for
85 cento each insertion. Each five words or less
over 8u words are five cents additional.]
DRY ORE PBOrPKBTY, North Fork Carpenter creek-ALPS. ALPS FRACTION,
and ALT0RU8—Crown Grants obtained.    A~
ply, W. J. MCMILLAN k CO., Vancouver, B
TRAINED NURSE, ts open for enm«emen
Address- SLOGAN; B. 0
'PHBO. MADSON. Nelson, B. 0., manufac*
1 tures 1'onts, Awnings, Horse and Wagon
Covers, and all kinds of Canvas Goods.
NELSON, H.0.      Cor. WARD k MAKER 81*.
.blent I'liyelclan
mi the Continent of North A inert
en.  Situated midst scenery un
rivalled for Grandeur.   Hoatliig,	
Fishing and Excursion* Resident 1'hysi
lind Nurse. Ttilearaplih' .•ommunieatlon with all
inns of the world: two malls arrive and deiiart
every day. Its bathes cure all nervous and
mutcular diseaios; Its waters heal all Kidney
Liver and Stomach Ailments, Terms: MftUiiftH
|N-r week aeeordtng to residents In hotel or
villas. The price of a round-trlii ticket tielween
New Denver and Halcyon.'Obtainable all the
year round and good for au day-., Is *J..V. Hal
i-yoii Springs, Arrow Lake. B, C.
|{ HUVLAND, Kugiuoor and Provincial
Land Surveyor.  Samion.
\%T   V. TRKTF.KI. * «'0.( Nelson. H.O.,
\y ,   Dealers In all Drugs and A«a»yers' Supplies.
I   II,   CAMKIMiN, Hmidon, Miinufsetures
♦I,   Clothing «'»'«r I* -r:  .utd * -lb-It* |M,tn.na»r*
fn.m all eiasnes.
Wholeial*   Marolranta,
'PUHNKIt,   HKKTOS   *   t'O.. Wholesale
I    MerthsiiUsnd Iin|i'»n.Ts: l.l(jui<r«, Cigars
snd Dry Hoods.    N-l» >n. Vancouver. Vletorla.
and Ijoniloii, Khi*
IOIIN    t'HOMIITCl!    A   CO.,     Nulsoil.
#1   Importer*, Whol^*slf Um>mmiil Provision
II     It. .IORANII,
*    lurmisTFii a solk-itoii
-»lnr>*,ii. R C.
17   I.. WKI«ITIK,L.1<. •»•. Barrister, lk>-
,   Ik-l-wr. Nutarr Piibllr     >.»i.d>'n, B. C,
very Krllay at Sllvt rto... If
MI.. (iRlMNKTY. I.. I- ti.. Itsrrlster.
,   H«llf>itor, Notarv I'ublii     Msndon, B.C
llraiieh Ottlct at New tXsriv.-r <-\-,-tv ssturday
'VUV. I.KI.AW0 IIOimK,   \\kn*j»   It   C.
1    |.f..virte* r>nl ti*«*omm'»l*iin f.* irsvilers.
Mm McD>»riist.D.
'I'lll! ARMWOTOV IIOTta, SI-K*anCHfj
1   It h»**i*i4rtt'r* f'ir Wlnlnjr <m| C«.wtnerml
Mill.   tlKTNIMII k I|RMH'.««.>*.
Established in Nelson
AH work guaranteed at—
Nelson, B. C.
Are you needing goods in our line?
If so why not send us a trial order? We
will convince yon of the superiority of
our stock, and facilities for supplying
yonr wants.
Our MAIL ORDER business is large
and constantly growing because we
have the goods at right prices, and give
each order prompt and careful attention.
Our Watch Making and Jewelery
Departments have no equal in B. C.
THB3 JHJ"W_____DR.
Dealer in '
Van Camp Lunch Goods, Confectionery and Fruit.
Newmarket Block.        New Denver
Hill Bros
Manufacturers of
Orders shipped to all parts of the
Country.     Mill at head of
—Slocan Lake.—,
Postoffioe address. Rosebery.
Hauling and Packing to Mines,
and general local business.
* New Denver, It. C,
Fruit and
Seeds, Plants, Vines, etc..
ExtrA choice stock of Cherry,
Peach, Apricot, Plum arid
other fruit Jrees. Most complete stock in the Province.
100 page Catalogue free,
8i>«i Westminster IUhuI. Vancouver, II. C.
I will now sell
Hollo,      Films,
Kodak* at
American prlees.  Send for lirlees on
anytliliittyou want.
Nelson Brewing Co.
Brewers of Fine Lager Beer and Porter—the best in the land.   Correspondence solicited.   Address— v
R. REISTERER & CO., Nelson, B.C.
» f
H    RYFRB  A   Gfl heavy and shelf
Coal, Iron,
Steel, Blowers,
Water Motors,
Truax Ore Cars,
Ore Buckets,
Rails, Belting,
Packing, Wire Rope.
Tin and Sheet
Iron Workers
Have shops in nearly all the camps and cities
of TK^tMay and=Bouffdafy:     TneyleUTfie'
best meat obtainable and aim to give satisfaction to every customer.     Try a line of their
P.   BURNS   &   CO.
Wine Co.,
Wholesale dealers In
Choice Wines
and Fragrant
Cigars   ."*
Agents for Calgary Beer.
Roports, Examinations and Management.
'"=" __^_ Padilly A Cowaerclal.
Fitted with every modern
convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50
and $3 per day.
Itu had IA years eiinrlence in dstiUl work, and
makes a spar tally ot Gold Bridge Work.
Most complete Dental Office In B. C
GreaiReduciloflsln MnslnuiMlerwcap
m.( .» Mt„ii .iii.t- uiu'k *v wiJMiih'.r wuiU'ui i..u Kre»i«»*i iimuu'.uumu that win Ladies ul law slocan ha-ru uver
iH'oii |>i*«'8''iil.*« willi iii tlik Articli* ii«nic(l below*.   'Ililawillbo n rare cbauco (or tbo look**lio»d woman who is
Fred. Irvine & Co.
SPIKES from fie to 80e
nlwujru tryintr to h«vo n llttlt*.
LADIES'  DnAWEIW-flnn mimlin, full
„«„..   »«t....,,,,,* „.;i1.     ...... i   , i
U'i«of turki, hIhu I'lwiin- patieriisof
cmbioldery. mtele to xcll ut ftftc nnd
$1 .()0i now 45c to «5e. Vnrv flno mu«.
Hit nnd onmlirlc, flnlnhnd with line tor
clion nnd embroidery, mude to soil at
$ I.iii to |2 «l; now 75v lo 11.50
brie V *hnprM*sTirtrimiifl iii'fk
line and tiiitiMnder*'Tnuuiien
made m sail at 4&e l« t\M.
Now tie torn.
OOWNH-Snft flnUhed muslin,
T stylrti In V sha|w, hl»h neck
anq emiilre sha(ie. trlmme<l
wlttilMn Isci* and embroidery tnadoto sell at (1 lo«.*Vi.
WHITE    SKintR-Sli   Mtvloa.   muslin
\      1.1      it        .1     • .    » M * »
>*y>i** j >*>*/>•-•*<<-tv ***iMWi.    '4»h.|i,i.>v-     h *gs».**Ki'(V. U#»  ^4hVC
and embroidery, made to hoII at 11 to W;
now 76c to f2.
CHEMISE-Long skirt longth, fnl! over
ruffle, trimmed with lncn and embroidery, made to retail at 12 to IA; now
Fred. Irvine & Co,,


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