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The Ledge Feb 21, 1901

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Volume VIII.
NEW DENVER, B. C, FEBRUARY 21, 1901.
Price, $2.00 Year 'ADVakc_-
Gen^aT NeVfs Float
In and About the Slocan and .Neighboring0 Camps
that are Talked About.
liOCAI.   CHIT-CHAT.
Jas. Mlnto returned from his eastern
tiip Thursday evening.
Sandon is still crying unto Its city
fathers to lighten its darkness.
George Wilson is the proud papa of
another daughter, born Feb. 15th.
Kamloops iB up to date. A Miners'
Union has been organized there.
Harry Wooley relumed to the Speculator Tuesday morning, his injured
arm having mended..
Herman Cleyer's new butcher shop in
one of the finest in the Kootenays, and
is a credit to New Denver.
Prospectors having claims to sell will
find something to their advantage by
addressing Box 50, New Denver.
Born.—At the Slocan Hospital, New
Denver, on Feb. 15th, the wife of R. D.
Kennedy, of Slocan City, of a son.
-One of .the plate glass Iwindowa in the
and gave an exhibition game, with a
team of Silverton and New Denver
players. A party went down to seethe
game, which was a hot one and resulted
in Sandon's favor by a score of 4 to 8.
ItwaRa tie and overtime had to be
played to get the odd. ;
Mr. and Mrs. John R. Porter left New
Denver Tuesday morning for New
York, where they will take passage on
the "Oceanic, sailing on the 27th, for
Liverpool. Jack has been a resident of
the Lucerne some years, and was joined
last July by Mrs. Porter. They have a
host of friends here who wish them
every success in their new home in the
old land.
A cutting affray is reported from
Greenwood, the result of a drinking
bout, in which Harry Rowand was stabbed to death by Jas. F. McGill De
Rivier, locally known as "Frenchy."
Both men were well educated, and held
good positions in earlier life.    Rowand
office of Chas. E. Rashdall, In the Wil
Hamson block, fell out Saturday afternoon.
Peter McVeigh will bulld-he 0. P. R.
wharf at Lardo. The Lemon Creek
■awmill will furnish 150,000 feet of lumber for the purpose,
JohhCholditch&Co., of Nelson, aro
|      ,     taking an Inventory of the stock of J. A.
^   f       McKinnonA Co., Silverton,  and the
atore has boen closed.
Several New Denverites attended the
dance given at Nakusp Monday night
by the C. P. R employees. The event
waB a most enjoyable one.
There was a snow storm on the main
line last week that badly obstructed
travel. At Revelstoke on Saturday thu
beautiful was piled shoulder high.
If Tiih Lkixik hired a Chinaman to
feed its presHOS it might be able to keep
Rome of the Miners' Unions In Kootenay
from sending their job printing to tho
coast.
Judging by our advertising columns
John Williams in about tho only merchant left iu New Denver. He is alive
and ready for the boom that comeM in
tho spring.
R F. Green, M. P. P., was in New
Denver Saturday. He Is making a trip
through the Slocan to learn the want,
of the section, io as to better present
thorn before the Legislature
A surveying party came In from Nelson last week to retrace the survey linns
made by Surveyor Hirsh on tho Lake
View gronp prior to his leaving for
South Africa, where he took his field
notos with him.
The Nelson Seniors defeated the
Rossland hockey team by a score of 8 to
1, and the Rossland Juniors were defeated by the Sandon team 8 to 2. Thus
\ . the Rossland boys lost the principal
<*tl   events of the Carnival.
L. U. Forbes left Monday morning for
Victoria. With other members of the
Canadian contingent, he will set as
body guard at the opening of the Legislature, and will be the only member of
the Canadian mounted rifles in attend*
auco.
Constable Black wat wakened Monday momlnii by a met****.*- from Sllver-
fwt, p«Htnn. kim tn tf»r» wharf to #rri*«t
twostowsway* on the «•. H1nea?i.    Ou
leaves a mother ancTsisters livnigTn
Toronto. De Rivief is~a man 46 years
of age, and has a wife and mother living
in Ottawa and Quebec. The murder is
claimed to have been in self defense.
Word comes from Wallace, Idaho,
that on Sunday, Feb. 10th, D. A. Van
Dorn died there, after a protracted illness. Van Dorn was a familiar character in the Slocan, and It waslargely due
to his tenacity that the Galena Farm
was sufficiently developed to attract
capital. He was then associated with
J. C. Bolander, and drew several thousand dollars out of the sale of the property. Danio Fortune particularly favored Van, but he was indifferent about
husbanding his many small fortunes.
His heart was too large for his head.
For tho benefit of any one who would
like to know it might bo stated that the
rofereiico made in these columns last
week to the "peculiar ideas of fairness"
displayed by certain Union agents, was
not intended to reflect In any way
whatever upon the New Denver
Union nor any of Us membors, The
members of this Union live up to the
principles of unionism, and stand loyally
by the business institutions of the town
and country, and the Union is recognized as one of the most substantial
and patriotic institutions of the town—
a standing that every Union should
strive to attain and hold fast to In the
community In which It is oiganlied.
There are indications of great alarm
being felt in certain quarters at the
possibility of tbe Great Northern railroad getting a foothold in Canada, thus
making competition in freight rates
possible. The sams hubbub would be
raised at the possibility of the Govern*
ment entering into the railroad and
smelting businesses. There may be a
certain amount of the feeling of joy at
being madoa martyr to a Canadian corporation In preference to allowing a
foreign corporation to make mnnny out
of us, but the distinction is only one of
sentiment. The only way the questions
of freight and smelting rates ran ever
he properly adjured in Csnada Is by
the Government Mopping into both
hUNinc««e*.
800 foot level in down 200 feet, and will
be sunk another 100 feet.
The Whitewater mine U working full
handed, but shipping no ore owing to
the smelter difficulty. There is about
800 tons of ore awaiting shipment.
The force at the Hartney has been increased to 80 men. All the tunnels are
being driven on ore. The shipments
will be as large as can be brought down
over the roads.
C. C. Bennett, representing Vancouver capital, has taken a bond on the
Prescott. Work will be commenced at
once, the bond calling for the expenditure of $10,000 this year.
Reports from the Hartney are of the
most encouraging nature. They have
ore in all their workings, and in the
lower tunnel the shoot has increased in
width and richness. It is high-grade
steel galena.
As was predicted by experts familiar
with the Chapleau ore, it has been
proven to the satisfaction of the management that the mill recently installed
on the property will not save the values
in the ore, and, in consequence, the
property has been closed down.
C. Dempster, of Rossland, last week
bought the Republic group, situated
close to Slocan City, paying cash for the!
property. Five years ago Dave Sutherland and Tom Montgomery staked the
property, and have since put a great
amount of work on it, showing up two
leads carrying pay ore.
At the Pinto, one of the Mollie Hughes
group, work is going Bteadily forward.
The tunnel has been driven on the
lead 50 feet, and ore has been taken out
most ot the distance That a deal will
soon bo made on the property whereby
eastern Canadian capitnl will be interested is almost a certainty
When the I vaulioe can get a sufficient
supply of water, which will be as soon
as the weather softens, the mill will be
operated night and day. The class of
ore being shipped down gives a ten per
cent, feed after the clean ore has been
picked out on the conveyor belt. The
loss In the tailings is only 8*10 of one
per cent, lead aud three ounces silver.
The mine managers of Toxeda Island,
and Mime other sections of tho coast, are
taking advantage of tlie opportunity
made possible by tho laws of the land.
It will be remembered that thousands
of Japnnese obtained naturalization
papers last Hussion to enable them to
secure fishing license* under the law
Now these whitewashed Britishers are
being employed in the coast mines, it
being claimed by the managers that
they can reduce a t25,00O monthly payroll by half. And they are perfectly
justified in the eyes of the law!
HOW   ROOD   IT   W1I.I.   HK.
With regard to tbe consolidation of
the Guggenheim interest* with the
American Smelting and Refining Com
pany, which was formally completed
Feb. 10thf Messrs. Simon and Daniel
Guggenheim, recently gave out the fol*
lowing statement: "Our business has
not been absorbed. There has bean a
merging of the two Interests and aa ei*
change of securities. We had considered for a long time the proposition to
join our company with the other and
finally decided that we could work out
bigger problems to better advantage
doubly than singly. In the handling of
metals, the miner will bn enabled to get
the full price* that arc paid, and what
benefit* the miner ii of advantage to
was not known by any of the sellers
that that country was quietly absorbing
the product Last year India bought
60,000,000 oz., and silver was not raised
in price. The reason for this condition
of affairs lies in the conflict of interests
that have existed heretofore.
"The American Smelting Company
now controls the silver output of South
America, Central America, British
Columbia, Mexico and the United
States, which is nearly 80 per cent, of
the output ofthe world. We did not
enter this merger with the other company because we expected an increase
of profits, but because we are satisfied
that this industry can be made one of
the best industrials in existence under
proper and just administrations. We
are not dependent on the times like
other industrials; our business goes on
in poor as well as good times.
"We believe that instead of the smelter company being a menace to the
country it will be an advantage. In
the first place the receipts of the, railroads will be increased by an increase
of freight in and out. To the miner it
will mean an enormous advantage. It
will increase the product of his ores because under such a large operation as
this will be, the smelters can assist the
miner to mine his low-grade material
which he now oftentimes allows to remain in the mines.
. "We believe the smelter is, in a sense,
tothe-miner-what-the-banker-isr—The
banker supplies him when in need of
Acttvfty in otter* Camps
i Properties Developing Well—Many Big Shippers
Soon to Enter the List.
IN   THE   COPPER   CAMPS,
..'■'■ . ■..,■*'' .
Much activity is reported in the Windermere districts, On the Virginia a
big showing Of copper-galena ore is being
developed. On the Lead Queen a tunnel has been driven 165 feet, with a
depth of 125 feet,.and 18 inches of clean
ore is showing in the face. On Bugaboo
creek is situated the Bear group, the
biggest copper proposition in East
Kootenay. TheBhowings are reported
to be extraordinary. The Richmond
Mining Company of New York has secured three groups comprising nine
claims, and are reported to be after
several other properties. It is reported
that on the White Cat group there is
a surface showing of five feet of clean
ore. The property is situated on Boulder creek, and has been extensively developed this season. On the Silver
Crown group there is a surface showing
of four feet of clean ore, and on the
Bullion group a ledge 20 feet in width
giving valees of from *45 to $50 to the
ton. A strong lead carrying free-milling gold ore is being prospected on the
Oyster claim. On the Eclipse a tunnel
is being driven on a galena bearing
ledge and in now in 100 feet. Several
tons have been sacked in the course of
the work.
funds, and the smelter should supply
him with low treatment charges. We
ourselves are large mine-owners ahd
large stockholders in the Guggenheim
Exploration Company, which is a mining concern, None of these interests
will be merged in the American Smelt
ing Company.
"Wo have, been investigating the
field as to the men in our employ, as it
was intimated that by the new arrangement there would be a surplus of talent.
That Is not so. On the contrary, there
are too few. We have room for all and
more. We mean to push our young
men to the front and give them a show,
as this Is a business that will be here
when we are all old and they will eventually have charge of the concorn. Our
firm has arrangements with the School
of Mines of Columbia College, tho Massachusetts Institute of Technology and
the School of Mines at Golden, by which
many of their young men are sent to us
at the completion of their courses,
"We havo been getting information
from large institutions like the Krupp
Works In Germany concerning the
methods of caring (or their employees.
We Intend to apply the best ofthene
methods to the men in our employ. It
is our Intention to improve the condition of the men and we hope to establish
libraries and proper homes for them,
We do not claim to be philanthropists,
hut believe that an improved condition
of the men in our employ cannot but
work an advantage to us."
■LOOAN   Olt«  SH1PMKNTH.
The total amount of ore shipped from
ths Slocan and Slocan City mining
divisions for tht year 1900 was, approximately, 86,000 tons, Since January 1
to February W, 1001, tho shipments have
been as followss
W«ik
I'tyno  W
L_.| CtUMll*    Oil
MlM»-nXt«r :...    tt
Ruth    '.ul
B<«MII.... ,
Htvttt	
Anwriratl Mnv      II
Ivantiftf ,.   in
Tru.tf IHI-r 	
K iver-lffl!.    ....',.	
Wimilwfiil	
is being opened up carrying■ galemTand
copper-gold ore. The Steele claim is
another promising prospect, with three
feet of ore showing In the tunnel-at a
depth of 60 feet. On the Paradise 22
men are employed, 47 horses are raw-
hiding the ore to the wagon road and
nine teams are buBy hauling the ore to
the river. Three to four thousand tons
of ore are in the ore house, and another
building 200x20 feet has been erected to
receive the fast increasing output.
Total
m
it
IM
%»■>
,1(«p
in
.ri
HI.OUAN    MINHHAL   PI.OAT
the arrival of the boat the«towawav«| the Hillside.
thu Mueller      We  have kept up tht
price of lead and we propow to do the! ^JlJI'J^-IJf,;,,,
  same with silver.   In course ol time wet y.ni-n*j*  /"
' lt,H..„      |.      I       „,■.«. ,    tf..-V ....      *.      ..I*!:.,.,,. I,
A full form of men is being put on at ( „„' ,,„„ Jn,,;t,,/, _„„„.,, ,„„,,
BOUNDARY   MINKS.
No camp in the Province is making
better headway than  the Boundary.
Everywhere activity is noticeable.   It
is reported  that the Granby smelter
produced 186 tons of 50 per cent, matto
last week from 8,460 tons of ore.    The
Dominion Copper Compr.ny is working
110 men  nn  their  properties in  the
Phronix  camp.     Tho    Mother   Lode
smelter at Greenwood was to blow in
this   week.     Tho   Jack-Luey-Jennie1
group, In Deadwood camp, was bonded
last week to Harry Shallonbergor.    A
railway spur to the Morrison mine is to
bc built at once, also one to the Marguerite.   The Boundary Falls smelter
will blow In about March iHt,   About
500 tons of ore is already At the stack.
A 60-horso power horizontal tubular
boiler, alG-horse power double-cylinder
link-motion hoist, cable and other accessories, am being hauled from Mid
way to the ('stunt mine this week.   Thin
mine has 1,200 tons of shipping ore on
the dumps and a number of teams are
employed hauling the ore to Midway.
It Is reported that the four separate
companies operating In the  Phmnii
camp, known as the Old Ironsides,
Knob Hill, Grey Ragle and Granby
Consolidated, are to he tnorged Into one
company.    Tho latter named company
operates the Granby Mueller, and all of
the companies wore under the control
of thu Miner-Grave* Syndicate.
IH   THK    K r.HMIOPW    IIISTHII'T.
i : r.m* *|*_*
I Mmlix-r.
I fimnVfiimtrti
had become legitimate travelers, having
paid their fares on the host, and the
services of tho Constable were not re*
*    i
The company operating the Halcyon
Hot Springs will install an electric
light plant, build a bowling alley, and
make other improvements during the
coming summer. The meals now
s«rv«ii are flxealtenc.-ind lihern (« plenty
or room for all in search of rest or
UttftlUt. Just tour hours' tut. fiou. lb*.
Stem.
The vietoiiwos Junior br-t-key tests
ef Sandon, stoppfdi off" at Silverton
Monday en rente home from Ro**lan<t,
\
•'Tedav   silver  \*  fdcntinealU*
i HiiiiH ur*t>.t
and! iti-
Ths Kuth it. I hi- late*t property t'*jt|u,
otop fthlpment* owing to the smelter
There I* cntmtilnrahl** activity in Hie
development of thin diotrict    The (lien
Inm mint! ii u regular ^hippi'i* or a tint;
quality of Iron on*. Seven men are em*
ployed at the l.'npper King, which i* \
*^j iii/iking a giMMi «nowti*g.   At tint inui ■
•->. ..Umk. huuuvfiy,   n-uuciiiuit,  ivuiuii,.
-i i Lucky .Strike and Noonday work is go- j
^J, ««£'ahead. Ami ihr pnqwrlie*. uiiCuaI.
iii j Hill are developing well.   Ipllie North j
ABOUT   THE   SIZE   OF   IT.
British Columbia might please note
that John Houston, M.P.P., of Nelson,
pauses in his life work of "cinching"
the C. P. R to warn a trustful country
that the projection of a spur line from
the Great Northern to the Crow's Nest
Pass coal fields is the first step in Jim
Hill's game to absorb the C. P. R
There is reason for Mr. Houston's tear
that the Standard Oil crowd/which has
absorbed all the transcontinental lines
in the United States, will in due time
absorb the C.P. R.-Mackenzie-Mann
systems.
*—=l^i.6re=»s=neivher"-sense=nor=;-reasoij==»n
Mr. Houston's declaration that the success or failure of the United States grab
for the C.P.R.-Mackenzie-Mann lines
will turn on the fate of a proposed
charter for a spur line to the Crow's
Nest Pass fields.
When the Rockefeller-Morgan interests, with which James J. Hill is allied,
want the C P.R.-Mackenzie-Mann lines
they will plan a deal to secure a majority interest in the bonds and stock.
There is no patriotism in the ownership
of either the C.P.R. or Mackenzie-Mann
systems. Canada has built one transcontinental line, and is building another,
which will pass into the hands of the
Standard Oil people just as soon as their
interests demand the acquisition of the
lines now possessed by the C.P.R.-Mac-
kenzie*Mann crowd.
It is a fairy tale for children, which is
told in the recital of Mr.HouHton'sdream
that the fight over the Crow's Nest Pass
charter has any relationship whatever
to the Standard Oil game for gobbling
all the Canadian and American transcontinental lines. The game will bo
worked out by the stern logic of dollars
aud cents applied to the purchase of
stock, and the Crow's Nest Pass charter
will be no item in the vast design of the
Standard Oil monopolists. — Toronto
Telegram.
HOKItlBtK   MINK   DtNAHTHR.
Sixty four persons lost their lives in
the Union coal mine at Cumberland,
Vancouver Island, in an explosion of
fire damp, last Friday morning. Tbe
explosion occurred In shaft No. il, and
all the men employed therein perished.
These consisted of 27 whites, eight of
whom were Italians, sli Japs and 28
Chinamen The cause of the explosion
Is at present unknown and there Is a
marked reticence among the mine officials In giving the least particle of Information. Kit pert* say the explosion
HitiAt have killed them «« they were
working in a small space. The mine
t«H>k rlrt- and there was no hope from
the firnt of wiving any uf thn entombed.
The mine wnt« flooded nnd the lire extinguished, but it wiil be «oine days bo-
(ore the bodiexnf lite unfurtuiialCM are
ri'Mi-iieil.
Tottl totii.
IS
Ml
■m! Thompson river aHiveprefMiratinnsarc
Ml
w
The hunset is developing into one of j tlttmW ^^ ,1V (mr hro|fm Jn Un. j *..»*. ^.
best prop«rtie» in the tamp. , don whr> „,„„,, ,„ w„h wh oth„r nnA > £*,,«,	
A shipment of 15 tons of or* was made j 1h(, Vm V(lf    Th(, wHftr ^ h,„ pr0(1n~t | nV™M»
last «'»o!.' frfitt*   flii> f*l>*iriti",m > * i*,i.,t,W
-•"--I I',*1,   'mi i'irt'1  AHi'i V-  <w   i'ii* WiitJ ivi i Himil'IW
broker*.    This eat. and will heS^i^J1*1
I chanted an soon a* the thing can be
,r™'We' ironndedtip.   We in*.end pursuing the •
The I ayne-Ust Chance andllvaohoe wme nue.r»| IK,| h-v toward the miners,
are getting thsir round timber 'rom|th|inh,0llOTtnh#,nr|#b(l1-eptirt||ed jn • Arorrietn Mthor|,y MCh United States
Mrt n gan , ^ ^|t ^ V*{,tVW nUvvuviS upow the' w,\t\,rt Involve* an **peww of *i,SttH a
The Red foi is being workel through | merging with the America** poepls a * y#*r, including the cost of pensions, etc. ft™*- company operating
{the old A..U.Uut U.uim.1     Te,o tutu* »is| number ot discussions were held in thm- \ tifrman soldier <*«*t« «i?  and  a
employe*!.  Ore is being tacked from \ „.,»„|    w« .„, f |^ to leem that this J Frewh aoMler mt.
4,10ft
According to figure* furnished by an
going on for the building of a gold
dredger, which will be in operation before many month* aro pant
!...m>K*t     PKOPKRTtKN.
HilirKH  wltti  Ih*   ntiw.."
The only American who ever danced
with Queen Victoria wa- the Iste
Richard Vsnx, who wan in  |H»* »eere-
tary to Mr. Stevetmon, United State*
. - - ...   .i * ,-.   * M
was a beau ideal of a court cavalier
and wait nitigled out by the Queen at a
court bait in Buckingham palac* to become  her partner   in   the   "Queen's
the rjpf*er working*.
polity fully sccwds wW» tbmt -views.
r
  j cotillion."   When young Van* returned
U. W  Jackson, manager far t.w Ik.-  home.   hU  mother,  in hrr tcood, old
in tbe Fisih j f»*l»t«n«*<t quaker simplicity and die-
Ueek.oui>Uv.U»purcii»M*4 tin* Atmaj *•*"** '•• '•■>***l>. «**pie*nwl her seutt-
property, ami will open it up on a large j "*f?t» U* these word*^ ••Jlkfcpt4t.l am
! scale.    This is the l*rge»t silver-lesd
Thirty -eight men are on the Rambler-     "Some few year* *g» Rasula bought j    I .*«H*»' Jae ket«, Kur» and Golf ('a-pee | proposition or. Pool cr#«k, having a four* I
Carriliort payroll.   The shaft fromtlw 00/WO.OHi«_, silver in one year, and It 1 for -ale at coat at Mrs. Merkley's. < foot lead of solid -;aleiia ore es posed,!
told the.* bi«- 'wn denting with the
Queen Ii|iiIioi«-, my «on, thee will
not uurry out oi meeting."—Rufalo
New* t ^>^#W-'V-»-^-*^*»--*'»'**'
THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B. C; FEBRUARY 21, 1901.
Eighth Yeae
Tnis LedokU two dollars a yenr in ndvnnt-o.-S>\VhBii not so paid it is S-.50 to parties worthy ot credit.sSVTo barbarians east oi Lmke
>erior it is SI ayear.-SiLegiil aclvertisini* 1" cents n nonpariel line first insertion, and 5 cents a line each subsequent insertion.   KeadiiiK
Superior it is SI a year <SiLeg.  „ -	
notices 25 cents a line, and commercial advertising Rraded in prices according to circumstances.
FELLOW PILGRIMS: Thk Lkdqk Is located at New Denver. B. ft. and caii be traced to many parts of the earth .*©»It comes to the front
every Thursday and has never been raided by the sheriff, snowslided by cheap silver, or subdued by the fenr of man. It works for the trail
blazer as well as the bay-windowed and champaene-flavored capitalist.<S>It aims to be on tho right side of everything and believes that hell
dhould be administered to the wicked in large doses *S>It has stood the test of time, and an ever-increasing paystreak is proof that it is
better to tell the truth, even if the heavens do occasionally hit our smokcstuck.-^vA. chute of job work is worked occasionally for the ocnont
of humanity and the rinancicr.iSvComo in and pee us. but do not pat the bull dog on the cranium, or chase the black oow from our water
barrel: one is savage and the other a victim of thir-st.-SvOne of the noblest works of creation is the man who always pays the printer; he is
sure of a bunk in paradise, with thornless roses for a pillow by night, and nothing but gold to look at by day.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor una rlnaneier.
The Ledge.
A pencil cross in this square
Indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor
wishes once again to look at
pour collateral:
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1901.
FROM THE EDITOR'S UPFKK STOPE.
The world loves the deed, and
not the hero.
It is not safe to drink cocktails
in Kansas. They are liable to contain long hairs or hatchets.
The government should do something towards building up the
smelting industry in this province.
According to a philosopher, gray
hairs may be the blossoms of death,
but it cuts no sign with a gray wolf.
Judging from recent newspaper
reports it is all up with B. C. if
Jim Hill gets his rails up against
the coal bins at Fernie.
_i_fl_AAn.nnfi_
l/ft-i-V!-.^'..
going to school in the United States
and all of them expect some day to
be president or his wife.
In one part of Western Australia
it has not rained for two years.
Out there the cows would find no
temptation to trifle with our water
barrel.
A bill to establish a mint in Canada is coining up at Ottawa. Is it
possible that our dream "of years is
about to become visible to the inhabitants ?
Beware of the snowslide. Taken
in large doses it kills quicker than
tho bubonic plague. Unlike other
calamities it embalmn the dead
without extra cost.
erine of many a hue and odor, as it
flows through the saloon door. It
must be a sad sight to witnesssuch
awful slaughter of innocent jags,
slain in their liquid youth, and cut
down in the very sight of those
fond admirers who were helpless to
rescue them from such an untimely
end. To think of it is enough to
shatter the nerves and bring tears
of aqua pure to the eyes of those
who have followed Bacchus from
the rose tinted hours of the first
wine dream down the line to that
red hell which is only reached by
the most devoted and talented booze
artists. Just think of it. This
woman wantonly spills good liquor
while this morning many a poor
cuss is up against a bar in America
vainly imploring the fellow with
the diamonds to give him just one
drink. It is simply awful, and yet
this woman wastes while thousands
are dying of thirst. We must stop.
The subject is too painful.
*Q ~ i,L- -, pJ^hen^nationJadrap-
* ed in black the foliow-
ti 8 rSn ing article in a Chicago
paper seems rather harsh, and
stands out in bold relief to the
general sameness of the world's
press. It is bitter and without the
sweet taste that clings to a pill,
embedded in sugar:
houses closed and will remain closed
—until after the legislature. The
Montana Music hall, the New Orleans and the Casino have been
raided and their ungodly devotees
and revellers cast into outer darkness. The poor, creatures of the
bad lands—at least those who do
not 'dig up' regularly to the cops—
will soon be jumping like rats in a
corncrib that has been caught in a
flood, while it only needssome
nutty, crack-brained, hysterical old
hen like Kansas' shemale salvation
shrieker and saloon smasher, Carrie
Damnation, to break a few of our
French plate bar fixtures, and we
will begin to see the ears of the
millenium peeping up over the hill
—I don't think ! Butte's present
crusade makes me sick at the stomach. There is not one Christian
motive back of the whole movement. It's all a grand-stand play.
What Butte really needs is a reform
of its reformers.
' -Doubtless our barkeepers keep
on hand more sour mash than salvation; very few of the 'girls' that
'rustle' in our variety theatres for
their $10 a week and percentage of
20 cents on the dollar can feel angelic pinfeathers sprouting under
their corsets, DuTthese and allTheif
'secretaries' are paragons of purity
compared with certain other char-
If a railway from the Coast to
Kootenay will pay it should be
built and operated by the people.
If it will not pay it would bo cruelty
to allow Mann, Mackenzie or some
other capitalists to blow in their
hard-earned money on this charter
blasted province.
For $40 you can ride one month
on the railways of Switzerland. In
that advanced republic an editor
can get a ticket for 150 that will
enable him to ride a whole year.
What surcease when a sheriff raids
it Swiss print shop. The system
dhould he introduced in America.
A groat difference is often found
In one family. Take Dan Mann
for instance. If he owed us a million we probably could get it by
making a sight draft. Take Hugh
Mann for instance, fie owes un
fltl, and we proliahly could not get
it, even if we drew a Maxim on
him. Hums wa* right when he
spoke of Man* inhumanity, etc.
Booze in ij"-}>:<^"*>^»»»-
.. mu  Kunna*.   how
r\3nS3S you unif-t miller j
Torn by <*yclon»»H in Mimmer. niul
jmrrtitnj u\ Mm* >himhi i.hmiiii hi
winter. Oli.Miiiri-ritig John ■Tolling
how the \mt\i\e in tint >*hivt-r when
the dread new* ihrillts the town
that- Mr*. Nation Um juxt struck
ihe e-ftiiiji. her mm*"** tu< ked into
her boots, and armed u> her outer
"As compared to these world-
benefactors, Victor Hugo and Gio-
vano Brune, what is there in the
life-work or in the personal example of Victoria Guelph that her
mortal remains,her memory,should
be honored as those of no other
human being have been honored,
so far as history can show ?
"What has she done, said or
written, to better the condition of
the poor of London, or of the British empire, that hundreds of these
poor must be crushed and maimed
in the vain effort to catch a passing
glimpse of the funeral procession V
"In brief, what aro the ideas,
principles, doctrines, dogmas, with
which the life and death of this
woman stand identified, that such
record-breaking honors should lie
paid to her memory ?
"In the sixty-four years during
which this woman of German-English patronage, posed as thc head
of the most- powerful empire on the
ocean—if not also on the land, that
now exists on this planet, what had
Victoria done to distinguish her
reign from that of any power-loving
and wealth-loving monarch ?
"Iu sorrow and pity, not in
anger or malice, but in truth and
honesty, let it be said because it
must, that (|ueen Victoria lived
and died the consistent exponent,
examplar and personification of
privilege for the few,of imperialism,
of capitalistic greed,of superstitiourt
devotion to a barbaric reHgiouH
creed, ami especially to a social
anil marital code that denies to
woman the right of self-ownership
and denies to the child the right to
U> Imhii well, and the men and
women   who  give  honor  to the
acters. In all of hell's uuclean
hierarchy and mighty Milton's
catalogue of foul demons there is
nothing half so damnable as the
lousy yahoo in the brass buttons
and blue uniform who yorks out
three or four times the salary he
receives from the city, from the bad
lands and its 'grafters,' and then
ever and anon being seized with a
spasmodic attack of purity in order
to hold his job and to satisfy what
is known as the 'church people.'
Verily, the Butte police force spends
so much of time with its 'hands
out'behind it that I have often
wondered wheu and where it finds
time to feed itself.
"The cumulative wisdom of GO
centuries has demonstrated that
vice cannot be altogether obliterated, but can only be handled best
by segregating it into as small a
space as possible and terrorizing it
into a sort of semi-obedience to the
canons of respectability. With the
complex and composite population
of Butte we cannot expect it or any
other mining camp to possess thc
fine qualities of a Cambridge or an
Oxford. There Is always such a
thing as overdoing reformation.
"You con confine the rum traffic,
gambling, the social evil, etc.,within certain reasonable HmitH,but you
cannot root them out altogether so
long as man craves stimulants, is
pruriently eager for gain and the
fires of passion blaze within the
blood. And if you could, what?
Would people not turn to opium
and other drugs more harmful than
the blood of the grape? Forms of
speculation more demoralizing than
faro bank and stud poker? llnsox
themselves with practices mow
tletrimental to the race than de-
liaiichery with wantons? Tho experiment of trying to drive people
to the throne of grace or make them
'good' by due process of law hardly
ever works. There is only one
remedy, a slow one, and that is to
eternity and the only key that works
its solution is the bey of death.  Created
without his own consent, coming from
he knows not where and bound for he
knows   not   whither,   man   struggles
through   his little day aud lays him
down in the cold embrace of unanswer-
ing forever.   A creature of hope wrestling with a hopeless burden, he sees
countless  thousands  pass  before him
from the scenes of time out into the un-
fathomed eternity, and still he hopes
that hie may live to solve what they
have never done,   * ;
.Human nature is an enigma.   Today
we are born, tomorrow, we ruu our foolish race arid lose it—always lose it—and
the next day we die and become food
for the worms.   One man startsoutand
wins his way to fame.   Long days and
nights aud weeks and months and years
he toils and struggles slowly and painfully, if surely, up the hill that leads
him to his .--el f-appoi rated goal.   Then
when time has brought its burdens of
age, gray hairs, feebleness, pain and
fame—he stands on the brink of the
grave and gazes back across a hard and
pleasureless life, and exclaims in unavailing bitterness: "I wooed a goddess
arid I clasped a cloud."   What to him
are the plaudits of a hysterical world
whose hysteria tomorrow will flow for
another quite as generously as for him
today?   What though his name is in
every print and his praise on every
tongue, his eye is too dim to see the one
and his ear too old to hear the other.
One day of the youth that is gone forever, one brief hour of the love which
could never crowd its timid way into
his busy life, were now worth more to
him than all the empty fame which has
filled  the histories and  marked  the
monuments of all the world,
Another man joins in the fevered race
for wealth. One by one he piles his
hard-earned dollars up, day by day he
sees with anxious eyes the pile grow
higher. His back he turns on pleasure,
his heart is shut and barred againet the
bettor things of life. His nature is
fitted to the mold of loss aud gain and
all the sunshine that he sees is the sunshine of gold in coin of the realm. His
days are spent in scheming, his nights
in dreaming of stocks and bonds, four
per cent., market report, financial fluctuations, ledgers and cash books. His
soul's dearest hope is held captive with
a time-lock, his heart's highest aim
rests on the stability of a burglar proof-
safe. The music of his life is made by
the rattle of the cash drawer, and all
,tue.pQetry-o£Jus-.uatU!'e—is—written—oh.
the face of a note in hand. But finally
a summons comes foi him aud all his
hoarded gold will not sullice to delay
its execution or hire a substitute. Without one good deed to ease his conscience
or one happy day for memory to feed
upon in its last hour he goes shirking to
another world and leaves hisheaped-up
millions for others to right over iu the
courts of law, long after one single
heart has ceasetl to grieve for his absence.
And thuH run our lives away. "Man
never is, but always to bo, blessed."
We grope blindly after something which
wo do not understand and waste our
years  in chasing a prize that Is not
worth the vain pursuit. Then, when
the clock has ticked around the final
hour in the last of those years and we
are called to bid a long farewell to temporal things we look back longingly
over what we have missed and pass
away carrying idle regrets for the
whole vain and foolish travesty. And
why? Why do we never iearn the
lesson until it is too late for benefit
either in this world-or the world to
come? After all, is not the real philosopher the one who worries and struggles least and seeks to shun the rough
places and enjoy the sunshine the most
as he jogs along? Isn't the man who
gets the most ease, the most leisure, the
most pleasure out of life the one who
lives the least in vain? Suppose he
never does get rich or famous, if he
takes life easy, g«ts enough to eat arid
wear, does a little good and no harm,
enjoys today and frets not for what may
be or might have been, isn't he doing
far better by himself than is the other
fellow? "
This may be the lazy man's view, but
isn't it the sensible man's view, as well?
At least there is one scribbler who
thinks so. He may be a dreamer. He
believes the dream !b good.—Rufna M.
Field.       ,.;"..'   :.' _
If anybody has entertained any doubt
about the Chinese having good sense,
let that doubt be dispelled. When the
"peace'' plenipotentaries demanded the
execution of the leaders of theoBoxers
against the Christians, the Chinese
court asked permission to allow them
to commit suicide. Thie was granted,
and the edict was issued to the offenders
to go off and die. But they have politely refused to do it. The Government won't kill them, and,,they won't
die without being killed; the allies of
the world don't know where they are
and consequently couldn't kill them if
they would; and thus the merry farce
goes on, while in the name of Christianity the soldiers of the."ciyili_ed'vnations
are subduing the heathen and Acident-
ally, taking whatever they can get their
hands on. 7   ; .
MaBiTeJewelers A
Importers of -Fine Watcocs. Watchmakers and
Opticians. Send for our tine Watch Catalosrue.
OLD GOLD _.m> SILVER bougln at the highest
price. ■■■■■■'.■
PATENAUDE BROS.,
NELSON, B,0.
Fruit and
Ornamental
Seeds, Plants, Vines, etc.
Extra choice stock of Cherry,
Peach, Apricot, Plum and v
other fruit trees. Most complete stock in the Province;
100 page Catalogue free.
M. J. HENRY,
30.19 Westminster Road. Vancouver. B. O.
WHITE LABOR ONLY
A
WANTED.
Situation, by a competent steel sharpener.   Any  camp  in  the Kootenays
Address. W. C. L., Ledge Office, New
Denver.
In a double-compartment shaft 900
feet deep,with a double cylinder engine,
60-inch stroke, SO pounds steam, to lift
six tons, the steel rope should be 1\
inchea_diamfiie..: jtjvyoujd wejglltwo
pounds to the foot, and would coil in
two layers on aii 8-inch drum 80 inches
long.
JOHN WILLIAMS
Dealer in
IMPORTED
*ND DOMESTIC CIGARS
ANDTOBACCOES,
PIPES, &C.
Van Camp Lunch Goods, Confection-
crv and Fruit.
BATHS IN CONNECTION.
Newmarket Block,       NewDenver
P.J.RUSSELL
Buyer and Export i-r of
RAW FURS
-H !(s HE5T-JJRIGE8-
PR0MPT RETURNS
FAIR ASSORTMENT
Ship by Express
NELSON, B.C.
*      THE PROSPECTORS'
NO
EXCHANGE
4K-W. C. BLOCK, NELSON, B.C.
If 500
people
In the Slocan knew that
we wore the best firm
in Southern British Columbia to send their repairs to we would soon
have to engage more
help.
Send in your repairs
by express or mall and
wu will return them
promptly and satisfactorily.
If Brown said so
it'-s right
DlU WII Jewelers
triurrt-Mrort t» T. H. Ilmwit. -
OF NELSON
Gold. Silver-Lead and Copper Mines w mted.at the Exchange.
Free Milling Gold properties wanted at once tor Eastern
Investors.
Parties having mining property for sale are requested to send
samples of their ore to the Exchange for exhibition.
AU samples should be sent by express, prepaid.
Correspondence solicited.   Address ail communications to
ANDREW F. ROSENBERGER, Nelson, B.C.  ^
T«Ii'|ilmue No. UH.   P. O. Box TOO, W
Thc Newmarketflotel,
NEW DENVER,   B. C.
Has one oi the most beautiful locations In America, and the public are
assured of pleasant accommodations.
".      .      .     .      . Proprietor.
HENRY STEGE,
SMOKE
KELiOWflA
CIGARS
UNION MADE
St. James
HOTEL
New Denver, B.C.
A. JACOMON * CO„r>rtptP
Beit meals In the city-Comfortable rooms-Bar replete with the beet of
Minora and Cigars™-Best service throughout.	
memory of  Victoria (luelph  i>nth»**ghtei* P»blic opinion."
♦ t..'.,,,.., \. ■, ,    r..,   w.,.,-,,,1    „_„     „,!..,.,„♦,...I -______-_-_____S___5_5
nm^ **.Mj*.j«,rt»'W of Ihwu* h*h-nl? l*iv-"f'
principle or crow!*." |    U(# j* , ,,,,,,„,.   j. „«* !„.,„ ». rldttiu
MingU-ri with thu- U'mv of mil-' **'fltwSh*1; *»»**!* n-jih<v Mr*! 4*n« n«ww
liom- tin* above i» li'ibli- to In- washed, in ni'luini'ir <>v«*r two hiuiU in tlm fittr-
tho   «-?n*i.«   *tf   «f..it1n*'.nt' !••« <»f K l-»n,    ll  will   mimm n ri<lilU«
unlil llieiiuik u iloom Im- lolled Dm
snvtir
h&ug,   Mh« w d<t<i*Miim-d for I ho
now nil-King through tin. lambo',TI""".."""fn "PP"" .""1 T"" ""JIU
...    T     .•  .        .    .     . .  J"-*'1* <" •M.rtlilv thinjj* *'S'i-i ihe itrmt *~*
whiHi tho  I mon Jaok fla-p* and! »irmnnn.nt ,„ \<AUh1 llkl. „ wrol,.-   nj.
Jlutti'iH in thi' hm-xc. ; u, H,,v«.r Wit »olv.il «n«l will n#»v«r
—: ___■—__ i j,,,    Tixlny, ywtirdny ami (orevfir
*A   ftijf(>     '•'   • •>•"   K«-vi*UI.'. I remain*,  tlm wim«',  unt-lmtitftnff.   un-
rt   UULC     ^ftm,n  j4    J|nvn..'<.'haiiu'<-'1.4ii4l uuchMiigi'iiMi-.   With "••iAX
on Butte -,*,« Ltll u.<-... .""• ,,m,rH,,,!i.r." ^rr ,h*L€_7n_:ilJU
999   g
<t!n
III/J
m* i 9..M
IhW'll- j <;h»l».«'l,-l .'Ull   I.Hch'UJtfl-Hlilr.     With   'till
,, tin* Hinlriliiilbifm- dimi;-.* OiHt wwiwl
.        it       , ,,        ,.,.,..     ,'•*"'"" t)»' u'firM    a*- tht' Im-'* remit of.
.      .....      . . .    . .formation «»f Hutu* in the following.,:,,,,,■   ,„.,,, .h,,«i,ii.„,,i,iu««i«Hnm
*Akf of th«- U»rd and  her <_T.«nif! i    .. *! •••"•-  *»■••• »•' *"••»"-.mnUHng wlndom
w>!f *> fr**-*, th* hum in  r,*,!   „n.l ( ">»iin«-r. of ,*,»•„* ,.«iHuri._ ,„», -■,,,„,. hM
wi ift rw^i in* burj *n rwl,  ami      ..vv> aWr Mng irc|-innw|t-    \, mail** *nti tnaH r«.n*i» u,»*-,|t«d
wade to her chubby kn«v# in \mn-\ mon\h ut «<*> a#u all iht* gnnMing' 3* * thUhi UH *m f»hh. *Htmt*<xt
i re-. pu^
,1 in II
K.lHbll.litHl lf*lT.
Capital (all paid up) $l2,000,0K).a)
Reeerved fund   s   :    7,000,000.00
I"- ,1!,.t,I„,1   T.t.r,KiG   .       .   1   1f» 7» "*>
i.. ...*i i . -    ••   ,.-,■■
hkai» orrict*. montiu:ai,.
Rt. Hon. I/urn Str sTH(X)NAa,id Mount Hor.vi^ G.G.M.Q. President.
Hon. G. A. DRirMMONn, Vice President,
R a Cloohton, General Mannjrer,
Branches ut all p«rti* of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and
New Denver branch
L6 a DE VBBER, Manager
%^^# ■^^^^^'"^^^ i^^i-^^^t^^i
MaHai£iiaaNM T
Eighth Year.
THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B. C, FEBRUARY 21. 1901.
ttlbai Direct Legation 1$
BY J. R. WEIKEKT.
Direct legislation is simply'.ai^, ex- j
tension of the right of petition.   At;
present a citizen may petition his
rulers for whatever he may want and
they have to receive his humble pe-,
tition without punishing him tor his
presumption; what they may choose
to do with the petition is left for them
to decide; they may grant it or throw
it into the waste basket.   One hundred thousand voters petitioned for
an equal taxation law in Michigan,
but 16 senators were able to protect
•'vested rights" of corporations, and
the petition was denied.   Six thousand legal voters of the city of Detroit
petitioned for a charter amendment,
the council ordered a vote according
to law, but "vested rights" prevailed
on the courts to issue a "mandamus"
forbidding the vote on the proposition.
These two instances will show the
value of the present "right of peti
tion."   Under direct legislation it is
understood that when a certain number or per cent, ot the legal voters of
a district (town, city or state, according as the matter petitioned for concerns them) have signed a petition
and filed the same with the proper
officials it becomes mandatory for
these officials to submit the matter
petitioned for to the voters of .he affected district at the next ensuing
election in manner similar to the present way of voticg on constitutional
amendments, issuing of bonds, etc.
Laws thus enacted by the people
direct would occupy the same ground
as the constitution itself; no legislative body could alter or amend them;
no executive officer veto them;" no
court declare them unconstitutional;
They could be altered, amended or
annulled only by the court of last appeal—the sovereign people.    This
court could not be bribed, and mistakes made by it would be rectified
as soon as discovered.
The various problems ot local, state
and national concern can not be solved
in job lots. The people most concerned
will, under direct legislation, deal
with each one separately; they will
do it most Intelligently and effectively. As long as these problems are to
be dealt with by irresponsible agents
we will have the lobbyist, tbe cor
ruptionist, the political boss, and all
the tools of corporate interests and
vested rights in special privileges.
As long as political parties and promises of party candidate** must be
depended on to decide these issues
-_K-%-rtf><w.l«_wiH.hAr«wfcrle88», And as
long as the people is powerless to enact its will into law, is dependent, on
these shortlived autocrats over whom
it has no control whatever/present
conditions, If not worse ones, must
prevail. The histoty of the world
abundantly proves that law is but a
writu n expression ot the interest of
the lawgiver.
Experience demonstrates that a
form of government where all power
'f is placed in the hands of irresponsible
agents, who are not t.» be controlled
In its use, but who are prone to obey
the dictates of self-interest, to be a bad
one.
If a machine or a system is correct
in principle ite efficacy will be increased by development through use.
The pressure of steam on a movable
piston-head in a cylinder moves the
piston on thc same principle today as
when first Invented, yet what a differ
ence between the machines ot today
and those of a hundred years ago.
The development of the initiative
and referendum system in Switzer
land and its remarkable effect on the
Swiss people is another instance. But
the representative system in actual
use in the United States (or more than
ai hundred years shows no develop
ment whatever. It is neither more
economical nor more beneficial and
responsive to tho people today than
when first applied, and there Is more
than a suspicion that it has actually
deteriorated, The only development
attained has been in party management. Political parties have become
vast and intricate machines for the
purpose of obtaining control of the
government—not to benefit the people, but to distribute the spoils and
serve tbe wealth owners. The do
mlnant one rules the people, and is in
its turn ruled by a majority faction
obedient to the dictates ot the bosses.
Even when tho people obtain control
of a party and, perhaps, thereby of
government, its object Is only too apt
t to be frustrated.Its will defied by one
*^. ortheotherofthecoordinttebranches
^ of government beyond its control.
Such occurrences have become only
too common m all parts ol the system,
from the 16 senator* of the eitra set-
slon ofthe Michigan legislature to the
income tax decision of the United
Bute* Supreme Court—the wealth
owners' interests aro protected Hgaiust
the interests of the people.
Karl Bui'kli said: "Experience has
elitssea the
tunn-hr the mllnjr eiitsaes tne «?reati»*vt*-n**« *r«- own
advantage they derive froni put meal; Sixteen dollars a year
loruv* lavorab.c to u.vui*jfc.\.*, hi-.a t service was fount, to ia* too tugn
they will, surely, do all they can
wrtVent the rtw_«ifo>o ol « form
democracy, must be as good as the
people; it can not be otherwise; but a
government by unchecked represent
atives is only as good as the .politicians who govern; or does the past
history of legislatures, whether city
councils or Congress, show in them
any divine eift or superior wisdom V
Thomas Jefferson said: "Sometimes
it is said that man can not be trusted
with the government of himself. Can
he then be trusted with the government of others? Or have we found
angels in the forms of kings to govern
him?   Let history answer."
Sir Wm. Blackstone,the great commentator on English law, said: "In a
democracy, where the right of making laws resides,in the people at large,
public virtue or goodness of intention
is more likely to be found than in
any other   form   of   government."
Direct legislation, by means of the |
initiative and referendum, is the only
feasible step towards pure democracy;
and it is the only means of reforming
the otherwise utterly bankrupt representative  system;  it is the only
means at hand of procuring the exercise of an intelligent, free and honest
ballot, and it is upon these qualities
of the ballot, after all, that represent
ative government is based; for when
citizens are too ignorant to exercise
an intelligent ballot, too dependent
to exercise a free ballot, or too corrupt
to exercise an honest ballot, representative government itself is impossible.   It is for this reason, it for no
other, that supporters of the representative form of government should
seek the adoption of this reform.   It
is nothing new in principle.   It is
not a stranger in this country, where
the "town meeting" system has been
in vogue ever since the advent of the
"Pilgrim Fathers."   It is a reform
which makes that system applicable
to the governmenl not only of towns,
but to municipality, state and nation
as well.
Government by the people direct
by means ot the initiative and referendum, has been on trial in Switzerland for about fifty years. Arising
from the town meeting plan, it has
spread from town to town, from city
to city, from canton to canton, until,
25 years ago, it was adopted by the
national government. It has been a
blessing wherever introduced, and in
no instance have the people ever surrendered it again, but have used it
successfully in solving every problem
.oWmix>rtonc^Jn~wwnf^Mtys^.cantoiL
and nation,
It is known that,singly and collect
ively, the governments in Switzerland are today the most popular,
economic, simple and honeBt on the
earth; that previous lo the adoption
of this system all those cantons that
were governed, as we are today, by
irresponsible agents or representatives, were suffering from similar
confusion of laws, clashing of authorities, public extravagance and corruption, partisan prejudice and personal campaigns, from which this
country is suffering under today; and
it is a known, and by the class ot
wealth owners, well recognized fact,
that, the people ruling, Switzerland
is singularly free from trusts, syndicates and corporations.
Like most people attending strlctl v
to their own business, but little is
generally said and thought of the
Sw.'bs by others except that they form
an insignificant nationality. ' It is
known that two-thirds of the small
country is uninhabitable, consisting
of bleak rocks and Icefields, and the
prevailing impression in this country,
therefore, Is that the Swiss are poverty-struck, ignorant, and not to be
compared with tho "enlightened"
citizens of tbe United States. This
was true until tho inauguration of the
system of direct legislation. The
Swiss were too poor to make a living
at home, however much they loved
their home, nnd were compelled to
emigrates they were found In all
countries; every petty tyrant had his
"Swiss Guard." But since the introduction of direct legislation a tremendous change has taken place For
several decades now al) emigration
from Switzerland has not only ceased,
but quite to the contrary, now the
Germans, French, Italians and Slavonians are flocking ihto Switzerland
because of Its better economic conditions. The three million Swiss consume more commodities iodav than
the 15 millions of Italians, although
the natural productiveness of tbe two
countries cannot be compared. Thoro
is no country, no nation on the globe,
that can compare In quality sndnnm-
but et educational institute* with
tho«e of Switzerland, according to the
percentage of inhabitants. It has the
best and the costliest highways in the
world, and not a tollgate in its boundaries The highways, as well as
tlwv telephone, tclcgr.*.ph, mail and
en bv th* nenrtle
for telephone
and
business was rejected by pa referendum vote of 194,465 against 244,219,
or by a majority of 49,754 out of a
total of 438,684 But the friends of
the proposition, claiming that the
education brought about by the discussion of the proposition has altered
not only the faults of the bill but also
changed the views of a greater number of electors than required, have
again begun the' circulation of another initiative list.
This is the way the Swiss people
educate themselvesnn practical politics by means of the initiative and
referendum; it also shows the conservative feature of the system. The
people are slow to adopt new ideas,
prone to move in the accustomed
beaten track, but are open to conviction where their interests are concerned.
The railroad fares in Switzerland are
today the cheapest in the world on the
highest priced roadB. The farmer markets hie Droduce, the manufacturer or
merchant moves his commodities at cost
of service rendered    This explains the
Eresent welfare of the Swiss. They
ave emancipated themselves from
Eolitical slavery and are now gradually
ettering their economic condition.
Their taxes are direct and what they
want them to be and are applied for the
purposes they want them applied to.
They have not one cent for a hireling
soldiery, but pay more, per capita, for
educational and industrial institutions
than auy other nation. They do not
waste their money and energy in conquering other people, but apply it at
home for their own benefit. Muchmore
could be said of them that would cause
American to blush with shame; but as
that is not the purpose of this treatise, a
short description of how the Swiss apply
the system of direct legislation will
suffice. '      H
Switzerland is a federation of twenty-
two cantons or states, and what is said
of one will apply to all For example:
The canton ol Zurich has 350,000 inhabitants, of whom 80,000 are voters The
legislature consists of but one house,
having 100 members, ft prints no
records, rarely listens to set speeches,
knows nothing of bribery or lobbyists,
holds two or three short sessions annually, at which it passes—on an average—less than four laws per year.
Every member must have an absolute
majority, good ones are generally reelected, some have served for more
than 20 years. Every law is worded so
simple and plain that everybody understands it Every law or measure
adopted by them has to go to the referendum. All the various local legislative bodies in the canton comely to the
same rules, and each town or municipality decides all questions relating to
its own affairs exclusively. Five per
cent ave required to apply' the initiative; this means that in measures affecting the whole canton 4,000 voters have
to sign the initiative list or petition before the measure is submitted to the
referendum of all the voters at the ballot
vQTr.—j.~he~T6ferenduin—is—obligatory^
this means that every law or measure
whether adopted by the legislature or
initiated by list, has to be approved by
a majority "of the people at the ballot
box before its enactment. -Voting Ms
obligatory on every citizen, and neglect
on every citizen several days previously. As thu people direct control everything, lobbying, corruption and violent
partisanship have disappeared as being
useless. But little interest is developed
for candidates for office, and all interest
centers on the principles or measures
themselves. Lawmaking is localized,
not centralized; each city or county
(commune) asserts its right to self-government—home rule being a corollary
to direct, legislation—hence each lawgiving body makes only such laws as
are within its proper scope; in the 20
years from 1869 to 1889, inclueive, there
were but 68 laws passed hy the legislature, 50 being accepted and 18 rejected
by the people at the polls The people,
and the, people only, have the veto
power, and they have it on all enactments
There is a majority of the people behind every law in "Switzerland Who
knows what is the case in this country?
There no danger exists from violent
agitators, as the exact position of the
people to every measure is well known
by everybody; here the din, noise and
uproar of—often paid—agitators, seems
to be the only criterion of a movement.
There, trades unions ask no favor of
any political party, make no bargain
with any office seeker, as they have
their own organization to make proper
use of the initiative and dare not ask
improper or unjust measures for fear of
the referendum; here, professional politicians, so-called labor leaders—often
mere agents of political parties—carry
dissension into the unions and cast disgrace on them in the eyes of other people.
There, partisanship always signifies
principles; here, mostly prejudice, spoils
or the choice between evils.
There, pure democracy rules—justly,
wisely, progressively; here, the people,
asserting its sovereignty, is tricked,
cajoled, betrayed by its representatives:
until popular government has become a
jest and the idea of a true democracy
provokes a sneer.
It is high time to reconstruct the legislative mechanism now in use in our
towns, cities and state. Improve it,
reform it, simplify it by direct legisla
tion.
All rights carry with them certain
obligations; if these are not performed,
the corresponding right ceases. If
rights are inalienable, their obligations
are not transferable; each individual
must in its own person exercise these
duties. Here no division of labor is
admissible, no substitution of another
person possible without also delegating
the right. The individual shirking a
duty deprives itself of its complement
right and, in that far, becomes a serf or
slave.
Woe to the people who delegate their
defense to a class specially trained and
kept for this purpose; it creates a standing army, the most terrible tool in the
scended down to us. The militia, the
town meeting, the jury, are the mainstays of the rights of the people. Let
us make them serviceable for our changed conditions but never renounce their
principles of Liberty and Justice for all
alike
South Dakota already has a referendum law, and in many states' the agitation for it must'soon hear fruit. Write
to your Missouri legislators and senator
today to push the bill to this end to be
introduced this session.
hands of the governing class.and inevitably used by them to control the people.
Iii fares the people who delegate the
enacting of laws to others, Tho law
will be written in the interest of those
enacting it. As well expect slaveholders to enact laws in the interest of their
slaves as to expect the privileged class
to make laws in the interest of the toil-
iug masses.
Utter,ruin and death will befall the
people who delegate the administration
of justice The self-interest or bias of
mind of the delegate will dictate the
decisions affecting the life, liberty and
happiness of the people.
The popular jury is the only guardian
of the temple ot justice: this guardian
once removed corruption will enter and
cast down the people's highest ideals
and substitute its own idols for the people to worship. With the removal, of
that guardian might will take the place
of right, justice will become a farce,
trials a mockery; the people, bereft of
faith, a prey to corruption. Such a
nation must inevitably sink down into
its grave.     A    ,     *  ■
History,the tombstone of such nations,
in recording their rise and decline, does
not cite a single instance of the destruction or death of a nation where rights
were inalienable and exercised as duties,
but proves conclusively that in every
instance the decay and" death was due j
to the parting of these rights from their j
duties.   The gathering or aggregating!
of the privileges increased the power of ;ToF a.__vkr_UX,c._., tue owner of un
H. GIEGERICH
Staple and Fancy
GROCERIES
( Agent for
GOODWIN   CANDLES
GIANT POWMR
KASLO
AINSWORTH
SANDON
NOTICE.
without sufficient reason punishable by
fine. Elections are held Sundays, and
blank ballots and information' Berved
THE
m STORE
SANDON.
Call and see the largest
stock of Dry Goods, Carpets,
Boots, Shoos, Hats and Gents'
Furnishings in the Slocnn.
JAMES J. GODFREY
a continuously decreasing number of
rulers, while at the same time but in a
far greater ratio, the performing of
duties without rights increased the poverty, ignorance and wretchedness of the
ruled.
The power of Home, which bowed all
other nations under its yoke, was shattered when hurled against the,German
tribes, simply because these—though
never united and far inferior in civilization—never delegated their rights or
used substitutes for performing their
duties. Each member of a tribe was
soldier, legislator and judge, servant
and sovereign, in his own person.
Through th-"* long vista of a hundred
generations these principles have de
BRICK
MARBLE
LIME
THE MANSFIELD MANUFACTURING COMPANY are now prepared
to supply builders and contractors
with all the above building materials.
Our products received First Prizes
and Medals the last two years at the
_MT.Kf.TMl_
INVESTMENTS
and INSURANCE/^/*
Grimmett Block, Reco Ave.
Sandon, B. C.
Rents Collected.   District agent for
Tlie Great West Life Assurance Co., Winnipeg, Man.
Afjent Norwich Union Fire Insurance Company.
Connecticut Fire Insurance Co., of Hartford
Mtm Flr« Insurance Company.
Pho-nlx, of Hartford. Conn..
Pacific Coast Fire Insurance Company,
Imperial Registry Company,
Tbe Dominion of d-muiii Guarantee and
A evident Insurance Company,
The Hunter-Kendrick Co.
A Testimonial
of Special Value
Saiulm.Juii, ut, 1801.
O. \V, (Jrlmrm-.t,
Sandon, B.C.
Dkak Mm.—It irive* to*  areat pleuure to
teMlfy lothe »ucc*>\» wnk-li iu* attended your
lyatcm of tt-aUng and prtacrlblni* for defactlve
•yn ulirljt In mv t>tiM> nnd tn Mi* mint I h.i,va old-
talned nine* uitnir tbe fflaaaai which vou %w\>
piled.  The particular trouble with my ey» wa*
contldered Mriou* by an eminent eye *p«etali*t
fu Turuuio, Un with Hu nid of your «)■**_• I am
enabled to attend to rb-rleal work, nnd nadlnt*
for three and four hour, at a Mretrh without tlie
•tlflhtert Ineonvenlinoe   In my opinion It I*
unneratMry fi>r anyon* to no to />utiM«- pcinu i,
In order to awure a thorough and n-Untlnc t«« ' *
f>ir dafwtlvi- vltluii.
( am very truly y<
PIcANK C.
J. E. Angrignon
The Leading
Hairdresser
Finest Shop In the Slocan.
Brick Block,   Bcllevue Ave.,
Denver, B. C,
New
EpoTtane^Ex^itioir rne~i_i"i_ielliar
we are now manufacturing is not
excelled.; Special quotations to contractor?* on application.
THE MANSFIELD
MANUFACTURING
COMPANY
NE.SON, B.C. P.O. BOX 688
undivided one-eighth interest In each of the
mineral claims, '• Pansy," "VloletFfl.ct.lon,"
"May,"*'Flower'}and "Rosedale," situated
on tne Seaton Creek slope of Payne Mountain, In the Slocan Mining Division of West
Kootenay Dlstrtct, British Columbia.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Daniel E. Sprague, the
owner of an undivided three-fouiths Interest
in each-of the above named mineral claims,
have expended the sum of t'102.50 in doing the
annual assessment work required by section 24 of
the Mineral Act on the said mineral claim
"Pansy," and far recording the certificate of
work issued therefor for the year ending the 29th
July, 1300; and the sum of *-lu..5o for doing such
work on the said mineral claim "Violet Fraction " and recording the certificate of work issued
therefor for the year ending the 9th August, 1900;
and the sum of >>i 02.50 for doing such work on
the said mineral claim "Flower and recordlng
the certificate of work Issued therefor for the
year ending thc 12th August. 1900, and the sum
of 8102.S0 for doing such work on the said mineral claim "May" and recording thc certificate
of work issued therefor for the year ending the
12th August, 1900, and the sum of #1(8.S0 ior doing such work on the said mineral claim "Rose-
j dale" and recording the certificate of work
issued therefor for the year ending the 23rd October, 1900.
And, take notiee further, that I, the said Daniel E. Sprague, require you to contribute and
pay your proportion of such expenditure, beiug
one-eighth ofthe amount expended In respect of
each of the said mineral claims, together with*
the costs of this advertisement, and that if you
failor refuse to contribute your said proportion
of such expenditure, together with the costs of
this advertisement, within ninety days from the-
datc of the first publication of this notice, I will
at the expiration of tnid ninety days claim to-
have vested in me, as your co-owner, your inter--
est iu such of the said mineral claims, as yon;
shall have failed or refused to coutribute your
said jiroiiortlon of the said expenditure in con
nectlon therewith, together with the costs of thU
advertisement, pursuant to section . of the
"Mineral Act Amendment Act, 1900."
The address of me, the said Daniel E. Sprague. ■
for the purposes of payment hereunder, is care of
McAnn & Mackav, Barristers. Kaslo. B. C.
Dated thc 27th day of November, 1900.
DANIEL E. SPRAGUE.
CERTIFICAIf.flF-IMRRdV£IHIEIII-
THE MINERS'
EXCHANGE,
Three Forks
B. C.
Provides accommodation for
the travelling public... . ..
Pleftsnnt rooms, and good
meals. Tho bar is stocked
with wines, liquors Bnd
cigars.
HUGH M\EN, Proprietor.
■OKA   CiKANDA   Mineral Claim.
Situate in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of
West Kootenay District. Whete located:-
On Mineral Creek, about thne mile* from Its
junction with Cariboo Creek.
'PAKE NOTICE That I, F. C. Ureen.of Nelson ,
1 B. C. acting as agent for William II. Hunt,
F.-M. C. 82,470. George H. D err, F. M. C.32.4W,
and George M. Annis. F. M, C. No. B 30,919,
intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to
apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of
Improvement, for the pur|-o*if of obtaining a
Crown Grant ofthe above claini.
And further take notice that action, under see.
tion 37,must be commenced before the Nuance
of such Certilieate of Improvements.
Dated this jNKh day of October, llton
2-7 K.C. UKKEN, IM..8,
ttll.VKK   .(KICK  Mineral Claim.
Hltuaii-In the Sloomi. Mining DivKiou of West
Kooteimy district. Wheie located: On
Payne Mountain.
'PAKE NOTlCK that I, Arthur S. Farwell
1 acting us agent fur M, C. MoimghHii, So. M.
30279, us to line-half: II. W. Peel, No. 2510, u to
one-quarter, and Li-M«r II.Snyder, No. !!_<_(*',
iu to one-quarter, undivided liiten-itj, Intend.60
(lays from the date hereof to ii'wily to tl*e
Minlnx Recorder fur a cert Went.- uf Improvements for (he purine i.f obtaining a Crown
grant of the above claim.
And further tuki- notice thut action under *ec-
tIon .'17 must be commenced iH-foru tholMuawe
nl such i-iTtitU-atcof Improvement*.
Dated this »-th dav of l>ee.mher, A II.. W»i,
12-rO-ui AS, FAR WELL.
Miners, Attention! i
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS
:< '
ii'
li>
they reduced it.   And all till* only
Iw-sns rulers
Vi'ir iinAii irti.w^ai
fur them Mi long as the
t a* a eottM-qneiiicc c-f i internment by
jn j'ji* i- y
Socialism, oven of! direct legislation.
government abolishing their prM- \ the people," for tha people, through
As showing the
iki.,'U,.i*i*< .-.•<* -wM.ta.wi-*! | wUw.a-'tfi.i;» 'ir.'/itonfn vh vmtt h'\ tii.t.m vi. cifci
fol J proper her*«« nut* that the prepaid- j
tion to huv the Central Hallrwd, the I
most Important one of the Swlw rail >
road*, «ra« defeated in the referendum i
vote of 1801 by a majority of lMsfiil.'
Itot Ave years later, on rictober  Ub.'
IK-K   Jinothfr  national referendum
vet-*,* decided bv 2*21.222 atri\»n**t 171
•wi vn».-« t<i i»'iy up !'•<• Use jTinfipnl
railroad line* including the Central.
5. JKWEl.t..
My <-i»t leal department U now right np-to-iUv-.
ItMt iiwht or d»y. Oomeln on the train and
Iw flited the uim< evening.  My -lock U »1mi
vtty eoMplttt.
O.  W. ORIIIMEnT, Oraduate Ot.ti-tan
•nd Jeweler
SAM M.S. H. <*. i
  ■    ■ ■ -  i
When in NELSON see our
$25 Suits,
Fi. flKWNIW, T*11nr '0
Fred. J. Squire, \
i
♦
9^^ Hi>»u_yniuitpi
CltllV   FRACTION  and   .I4IKKH Fit AC-
TION Mineral Claim..
, Mining DivUfon
Kootenajr DiMrirt.    Where located
ot
William Murray   llotaford. frt*
I) IWi, and John Mae-
Kltuate   In  tie-   Klocitn
Went Koou-najr Dm  _.
On the Freddy Leu Mountain near Uiu Freddy
Le* MInnalClaim, about • mile from Ondy
TAKB.KoTICr. Thm I. W. A. Oilmour, aa
I   agent for Wllllai
miner . c-citifU-ato No
Qulllan   free mlnir'«  c«rUltiat<-   So. B ITOftl,
Intend rtOdajn from the da l* l*r«>f to aiiuly to tha
I Mlnliiv fte'-ordrr for a rertllk-alr of lm|*ov».
| menu for the wir-ma*' of oMalnlnc frown granta
ji-f lh» above tlalnu.
Ar._f_rtb«T Uk» ti'..<k.i th*. *<U ■;, mhW Julian IT mu*t I*romnii'iii'.il liefor*' the l«iuan<«o<
«uch certlneaten of Improv-meuU.
ftatitl thla fin! <Uv nt Januarv. VH
W. A.fllLMOL'K
CROWN ■RANO<
*
Canadian
V*    _»"*  _-_
TRADE
Manneer,
political
etum i* miM-iiiR on the social lever.
Soclnl reform is condemned to remain
in « Mate of theory until the right
means arc found to put It into pmc
lice; nnd these meant can be no other
than, above *H. to brinj{ about a
eovermnentnl reform «>f «ne.h * nature
mat the lawi *hall henceforth be
made by the voice of all the citisen*
<«n'l n<» longer in .aew-ndlaoc* to the
wlaln-8 of a privileged few.**
A i-op-alur form of ttovtjrnment, a
for WI,»l "m franc* A lew .im** u*
later, on the 28th of February, iml,
the natfonalliaitlon of the  bunkine
Whose?
Place *
TJ1WI. KV.-.NS'
(IBM CHOP HOirSK. KASfA
Frenh Ft*b all the time,     •Jt^LS
Fbaltry mmt thc time. 25   UP
J
0
0
0
0
i*
0
0
0
J
t
Un    ■,!!   »r»lft«
AND 800 LINE.
FIRST-OLASS
SLEEPERS
ttut H,T..i^t>t.f
I.Hl'lllllf
MARK
TOURIST OA   S
'llHi, Illllllll.il'll ,'llllrlllli  fill' SI   I'illlnll Sl|l,.1,1 ('•
T*K-«tij-». Th«,r«Iaj-« *m! Frtd»j *;   T*>r<*<t >
ni.il U-i4"-.»i mi TitiiMn*.
ninf  e*r*    *»••»   H*r*l«l.ikr
;m iUt »»tlk*.
•tn.-r
II, III I'
'" i f»i   MiMiMi .
it? «!-■'
l-iifi
(lutUx Porchn Wat«*r-pr<iof Fuse has
been prove*! and not found wanting
Xo nilKK-ludos.  Xo ritniiiiur.
«.. «, iJAHNKir. A*v,.t y. . •!,„„,  »
K. J.Oi.k, I
ii.V.Agt,.
.l,S.t"*l»-i
t» r t   \
ATUKT1C STEAMSHIP TICKETS
AGESTS:
BOURNE BROS.  W. HUNTER CO
NtWOtN   tR,D. C. SU-¥f»TO.M, » C.
•i%%%%%%%^^^%%%^%%%%«%%%%%*%%%%%%%%*t
to »t»d frnwi f!nn-if»
aivd lawu-it tts.*» *•
r.i» ti'krt. ir.4 full --.
» r* r
Cii-w.'Mil-' ri
If. %.
> ■■■   *■> ai.» •
•%HHhtT,
*. v» t»p*H,-i
n. - , •«***
I'ye /
THE LEDGE, NEtf DENVER, B.C., FEBRUARY 21, 1901.
Eighth. Yeab
MINING   RECORDS
The following is a complete list of the
mining transactions recorded during the
week in the several mining divisions of
the Slocan. Those of New Derive* weie
«b follows:—
ASSESSMENTS.
Feb. 4-Little Ruth. 15-R D Fr, Snowbird
Fr.
TRANSFERS.
Jan 31—Josephine, Pollard. Star Spangle Banner, Balmoral, Richmond, K P, 1-5. in each J T
Foley to Antone Flaher, Jan 28.
Brlstol.J, Snowdon. \, Lawrence Doolan to
Thos M Duffy, Jan 28. s
Feb 4—Queen City, Rockingham. Capital, J in
each, \V S Taylor to Wm Barker, Jan 19. $38.
Lina, Lolo. Jessie, i iii each, R K Cook to DM
MeLachlan, Feb 2, *100.
Broncho, Southern Girl, Alex Sproat to F L
Chiistie, Jau 22.
Feb 5—Heather Bell. North Star, Atlanta, J in
each, Angus McDougald to N C Dingman, Jan 84.
Heather Bell, North Star No 2, Atlanta No 8, J
in each, Angus McDougald to F E Dingman,
Jan 24.
-Uncon, Rlncon Fr, Hewett Fr. h iu each,
Percy Altaffer to R Insinger, Deo 27.
Feb 6-Crow Fr, E F Lloyd to R Insinger,
Jan 81.
Heather Bell, North Star, Atlanta, . Iu eaoh,
AngusD MeDougaldtoChasASandlf-rd, Jan 24
Fob 12—Cody and Joker Frs. 1-16, M S Bentley
to S L Williams, Jan 28, *.*>.
Hewett, all interest held. L M Yates, A S
Reed. Robt S Tatlow, Hector McKenzie, R Eden
Walker and Chas A Stoess to R Insinger, Aug I,
1899,
Hewett. 21*40, F MacNaughteu, H McKenzie,
Kobt G> Tatlow, C A Stoess and RE Walker to
R Insinger, Feb 1.
Hewett, i.JH Bowes to R Insinger, Dec 12,
1800.
Feb 18—Ogema, }, Jaa Nicholson to WJ Tre-
theway, Jan 81.
Feb 15—Silver Leaf, i, T Lonergan to Joshua
Fletcher. Feb 15.
Morning Star, ft, Lawrence Doolan to G F
Copeland. Jan 29.
SLOOAN   OITY   DIVISION.
LOCATIONS.
Jan 2fl—Maud D, Lemon ck, Jos Dealing.
Feb 1—Ottawa fr, Springer ck, Tom Mulvey.
Feb 8-Cowblne, Springer ok, Geo Nloholt.
TOAN8FKBS.
Jan24-Hyderabad,l-S, PJ" Sheran to Mrs P
C Werel«y,*40.
Bonnie Doon, Ml, F L Christie to J H Bowes.
Jan 25—Two Friends, i, Sheriff Tuck to A
York, 18,000,' „
White Pine, 1, C W Greenlee to Jaa Malley.
Duplex, 1-6 to each, Geo Soucey to J T Beau-
ehesne and Jaa Livingstone.
Ottawa, 1-12, W R Clement to W E Worden.
Jan 28-Two Friends,., A York to WTShat*
ford.
30—Premier, LTD Tobin to D H Gibson.
Feb 1—Black Prince, notice of agreement.be
tween Geo Gormley and James C Shook re . interest.
Feb 7—Junibe and Lake View, i each, Jas
Malley to C W U-reenlee.
AINBWOBTH   DIVISION.
of the Prince of Peace, become so besotted by patriotism that they dare to
glorify aggressive war and call down
the blessing of Almighty God on plunder and slaughter. Judges and lawyers, whose especial business it is to
maintain the rights of men to their
property and their liberty, are shamefully silent or eloquent in approbation.
When the nation launches out on a
career of tyranny and plunder, professors in colleges and teachers in
schools, to their everlasting blame, join
in the cry—blind leaders of the blind,
who should have taught men the truth
so well that never more would they
desolate the earth with war. Day by
day unscrupulous journalists stir up the
people to frenzy till the whole nation,
like the fiend-possessed swine of Galilee,
run down a steep place into the sea ot
national disgrace and ruin.
For in the long run nations reap what
they have sown. If they sow the wind
'hey must reap the whirlwind. There
is no escape from the eternal decree.
There is a power that makes the righteousness in the affairs of men,it matters
not whether wecall it Destiny or Deity.
They that take the sword must perish
with the sword. It may take a long
time to work out. But though the mills
of God grind slowly yet they grind exceedingly small, and sooner or later
nations meet the due reward of their
deeds. Where now are Assyria, and
Persia, and Macedonia, and Rome?
Nebuchadnezzar, and Darius, and Alexander the Great, and Augustus Caesar,
all had a vaster empire than had been,
they all declared with vain-glorious
arrogance that what they had they
would hold. Bat now their palaces and
their empires are alike in ruins, the
glorv of their boastings is a tale that
has been told, there was no soundness
in them. What has been will be.
Britain will find, as these nations found,
and she is finding already, that size of
army and volume of trade are no guarantee of national stability and permanence. It is only righteousness that
exalteth a nation —A. G. S.
LOCATIOKS.
Jau fi—Florence, Whitewater, F H Banting,
12-Kltchener, whltawater, Wm Moulse.
21—Black Jack Fr, Ainsworth, E D Dumas.
Buckeye, Ainsworth, F B Townaend.
31—White Line. Kootenay Lake. F P Marquis.
Feb 1—Moonlight, Shroeder ck, A Johnson,
a—American Fly, Crawford Bay, W N and W
Rakln. :■-■.■
ASBE88MBMT8.
Jan n—Province (3 yrs) J P, Miller. 24 -Fair
Play.  Fab 5—Korea.
CEBTiriCATBB OF IMPROVKMRNr.
Jan li-Zuni and Alloe Roe, te Silver Crown
Mining Co.
Gray Eagle and Granite King, to G B McDonald, *' C Baker, J F Mcintosh and T Stone
TRANBFBBS.
Jau 11-Vlctor. J A Carter to W H Wetmore.
15-Mamle Fr, J, J Harris to W E Hodder.
Power of Attorney, R Shclll to W F Tsetzel re
Co raan.
Corean, j, R Shelll to L B Ruby.
Porcupine, |, R Shelll to TG Proctor.
.1-Blaok Warrior, Eva Mav aud White Star, 1
In each, T E Home to Bella Coursier. .,
84-Kitchener, Wm Moulse to C Borene.
Canuck, X-ray and Big Fr, E E Coy, Dave
Clark, Arabella Coy and F VV Burn to H M
Rumball, «,««).
Pretoria, L 8 M Brydgesto W F Luuon.
Rddystone, i, O Ulyln to It Billings.
Tennessee, Consolidated. Mollie Marsh, Mayflower, Naney Hanks. No 1, Sunflower, Tiger,
Campbell Creek, Vanderbllt, and Sandon, The
Livlathan Group M & MCo, to Globe Mining Co,
«1,*00.
.5—Brltlon, J, J W Smith to J H Vanstone.
,- SO-Imperlal, J W Weatfall to J M Miller.
Si-Power of Attorney, J Doras to 8 News-
wander.
Row, J Doras to J J Fleutot,
Fab l-Copper Star, Rodney, Delhi, Mollie and
Drlamar, John Turner to Ellen Turner.
4-Uphir, }, O Anderson to J H Wereley.
Borer, L A Jaeoliaoii to J H Wereley.
NOT   PATRIOTISM,   BUT   TOOTH.
THE   USB   OV   OPIATKS.
Opiates as an alleviator of every-day
cares and tribulations and a stimulant
to jaded and oft tardily rewarded am
bitions, are unfortunately becoming
more and more in demand by members
of the hard-working theatrical profession, it does not seem to matter
_whetheir__the_victiin hides behind the
mountain on which the village of miners
was located, and men, woiflSt- and children were blown into small pieces.
Among those who were killed was Herman Lustman, the superintendent of
the mine, and all the mergers of his
family. But few of the inangled remains were recognisable. Summonses
were sent to neighboring ct*n-ps for surgeons to attend the injured, ^nd it was
some time before this aid arrived. The
San Andre mine is the most celebrated
silver mine in Mexico. It iB valued at
$20,000,000, and has produced many
millions of dollars'worth of °re.
PRECIOUS JEWELS AT (/APfi  NqSIK
Although the hope of getting gold at
Cape Nome has started a r**8h for that
part of Alaska, few have known that
diamonds and rubles are heing found
in that region. Yet Mr. I* L. Osgood,
of Cape Nome, who has b.e*i visiting in
the East, says that these precious stones
have been found in the 8*nd on the
coast, and that a careful search will
bring to light many of the-11-   He says:
•'I do not say that di'Mnonds and
rubies are to be found by the bushel at
Cape Nome, but scientific men have
discovered that the sand hears every
indication of possessing tljQse precious
gems. A search for these stones never
has been carefully made, D«t a few of
us have made a superficial -examination
of the-ground, and the result of our investigations has been placed in the
hands of men familiar with such work,
and they tell us that there to every indication that the sand at Cape Nome
contains these precious Stones. Very
few can tell a diamond in the rough,
but when we go back to We Nome this
summer we shall take a diftl*iond expert
with us, and pay as much attention to
the diamond and ruby 8tjflrch as we do
to finding gold."
Piano For Sal**
Grand square piauo, better.than any
Heintzman, for sale, che&p for cash.
Apply at once to J. F; D^anby, New
Denver.    '_  ^
There is nothing statutory to prevent
anyone writing "M.E." after his name,
and claiming to be a mining engineer,
though those who have a fast claim to
that title are often rightl/ indignant at
its gross misuse.
After Stock
Taking
1
?100/o off each Dollar
My goods are fresh and neat ana I want
you all to come and help me get
rid of them.
I find I have a large stock on hand, therefore offer to j ou all
PIANOS
ONYX TABLES
JARDINEERS
CARVERS
CLOCKS
UMBRELLAS
MANICURE SETS
FISH SETS
OUT GLASS
CHILD'S SETS
OAK WARE
BISQUE WARE
ROGERS "1&47" FLAT WARE SEWING MACHINES SILVER NOVELTIES STERLING SILVER
PIANO AND TABLE LAMPS PLATED SILVER AUSTRIAN ART WARE
ALSO ALL THE LATEST & MOST UNIQUE PATTERNS IN SOLID GOLD JEWELERY, WITH & WITHOUT SETTINGS
nelson,bc At Jacob Dover's, "The Jeweler
It yoar watch is not rapping right, send it down and we will repair It, with a guarantee to ran right
8
■_
8
Hill Bros.
Manufacturers ol
trade
grinning mask of comedy or the sotu-
ber-visaged symbol of tragic endeavor,
One of the most popular farcical comedians now in vogue is a confirmed
cocaine fiend, and there is a fervid and
forceful tragic actor of even greater re-
noun who cannot screw his courage to
the acting point until he has toyed with
tho baneful hypodermic and jabbed his
arm full of morphine. As for the confirmed chloral drinkers, the consumers
of strychnine tablets and smokers of
green pills and pellets, they are legion,
irrespective of sex or professional status.
One of the prettiest and most extensively photographed chorus girl divinities
Is a mass of hypodermic scars, and another, whose pictures are sold in London
and Paris as well as on Broadway, is as
pallid as a corpse from the habitual use
of opiates. Unnatural nerve tension,
irregular hours and erratic modes of life
are chiefly responsible for tho steady
growth of this wretched course. Collapse comes quickly when nature has
beeu abused beyond a certain limit, but
the real cause is seldom disclosed.
Nervous prostration and overwork arc
hackneyed terms that cloak a multitude
of grosser evils.
TOI'   OP   MOUNTAIN   ULKW  OFF.
Chihuahua.Mexico.—Word hai reached here of one of tho most terrible mining disasters that ever occurred to
Mexico. An explosion in the San Andre
mine, In the locality ol Sierra Madre.,
In the western part of the State of Dur*
anjjo, caused the death of 87 men, women and children and injured many
other*. The catastrophe was due to the
explotton of several hundred caset of
dynamite utored in an underground
chamber of the mine. Electric wires
connecting with tho hoisting machinery
pained through the room In which the
dynamite wm utoreti and it it snppoied
that thoic wires became cro-msd cauiing
a tire, which set off the dynamite All
of the killed and injured were on the
mirfaee, mont of them occupying retrt*
donee* immediately «hov« the underground workings of the mine The ex
ploKion torn away thu whotu top of the
Mark
This
Mark
stamped <"- every
garment» insures |
*■ W     , you ge«-ntoe
Health
UNDERWEAR
the most perfect, most healUuul.
most delightfully con-fortable
underwear made.  Endorsed
by physicUw
r»r Man. Waaat* a~a*
>1-_vC'hlMrM,#__.
|All Arstclau Oryfloodi
™-   SwreakeaptttlL
range.
and
Shingles
Orders shipped to all parts of the
Country.     Mill at head of
—Sloean Lake.—
Postofflce address, Rosebery.
In his recent lecture on history in
Toronto University, Professor Wrong
declared that it was not the function of
the historian to teach patriotism, but to
teach the truth. The professor has
here all unwittingly given us an exceedingly instructive description of
patriotism—at least of thou* phases of
it which are most conspicuous today,
gnch patriotism is contrary to truth, In
fact, It Is indeed a lie, nothing more
nor less. It is a crime against human*
Uy, against civilisation, against Chris*
tlanlty, against the Deity Himself, who
made of one blood all nations upon the
earth to dwell therein,who forbade men
to think more highly of themselves than
they ought to think, to kill or to steal,
to bear false wlin««w againut their neigh
bur, or to rov«'t anything that li hix.
l'strlotlum in the ordinary sense
.•aciinit iiii-ii i" d« K-Mti.v nil tin-Mi
fnrliiiliii-ii itiiuif*. It it-Hilii'M mtfii to he
arrngsnt, mid boastful, sttd vain glor-
ious nlxiut whiit tlii'y --all their country,
which in reality mean* only thi-tiiM«lves.
it U'»c^«*» iwn to nk.nU'v most nutragu
Atialv nnv f»fhi*r nsiinti with whom their
riilwr* mnv lisve dinagraftment It)
tearhcs them to<»vet thu territories of |
other iiatiiii.-., to take these territories j GCDCral Draylllg: Milling Slip
ami kill the former tiihahiianu for re-t pJ|CS and Heavy TraDSpOlt-
sinting   The wii>ketlne*'s of thi» process I attOD 3 SCCCiiltY
Ing, and killinsf, it tri««» tn «wv*r up by.
vari'nix  fin«* w.iiinliug uaiiiRS such as
-••rving our country, itefending our empire, upholding the dignity «f our nation,  developing   thc   ritunirces   of  a
country j r*vfe*nrffn*r tin* nren r>f Hvlflts*
tiett atnl Chriftisnity. ami v«r|on« othsr j
|.l«atMui |.Iuj..>4j.-. uiucii .ur made to do,
the devil's  worrk  in i-orifonnding the
UKwtghta «f r«* w ; a toll line o# Silverwif* tod choice
Patriotism blind* the judgment while \ Cbnlectlonerv At
It debases the morat4   Clergy men, thej ». ,   -- --. .        f
profwiien.il  «dv«:«e* of truth   and, J ITS*J.n.WerCley S
•rtghteeusw**, »h«* j.f.»i#«-i«*«k inUower«[ J«<Mttow>M .s»-w _■«■«*•».
GONDKNSEP ADS.
ICoiideunod advertUemeuu, M^\\ an For Salu,
Wanted,Lou,.Strayed, Stolei'' Births, Deatha,
MariiaRwi, I'oraonal, Hotels, WRal, Modlcal,<'tc„
are Inaerted when not exc«9(Jl_g W »ord» for
.5 conU each Inaertloii. RacH.pva worda or leas
over.' word* are live i-enta atl(1|Uonal.]
IDIDNTIST.
DR. MORRlSON,bKNT,gT
NELSON, U. C     Cor. \VAl»*i * BAKBR8w.
SATNITARltJM.
rTAI.OYOJf HOT SPItfr-OR SANITAR-
11   IWH    ~
BCtontl
Situate
led for 0
Kl«hln-f and Kxeunlani.
IOM.  Them<MitcotM)l«*«|JCj
1.      jntof North Airi^1'11 tl
Hlteated mkUt seenery un* n f (
on the Contlniint of North Ann
ca. Hlteated mkUt scenery i
rivalled for Oraudcur.   Uoatlii*
IIP\
 „    .     jnTPtifjlclaij
and Nurse. Telegraphic eomrflunieatlon with all
parte of lbs world! two main *>i1ve and depart
everyday. If a batbea cuie Ml neryouaand
mweulajr dtoesseat lu, watarC h««l sll KWney-
Liver and Htomaeh Allrmntii-. Term»! »lftto#ts
per weak, aceordliif to rtil|_m(w in houil or
VHIm. The price ot a round'-ft* ticket between
New Denver and Halcyon, obUlualUe «H, »»»*
year toend snd B»od for *t A$T*, l» Wja, Hal
eyon Hprlim. Arrow Lake, It. *-.
$16«»$10
I have a number of Suits
for Men and Boys that
are Al in every respect,
which I will sell at actual cost. Regular price
814 and $16; bargain
price $10 and $12, No
catch; straight bargains
-for-vou,-——-lake—one-?-
at  DAN
Brewers of Fine Lager Beer and Porter-the best in the land.   Correspondence solicited.   Address—
d     pr. ;: R. REISTERER & CO., Nelson, B.C.
H      BYPRR    JL    f_n HEAVY   AND  SHELF '
M. HVERS & CO., HARDWARE
Coal, Iron,
Steel, Blowers,
Water Motors,
Truax Ore Cars,
Ore Buckets,
Rails, Belting,
Packing, Wire Rope.
Tin and Sheet
Iron Workers
NELSON, B.C.
KASLO, B.C.
SANDON, B. C.
flcLACH LAN'S
New Denver.
JAMES   CROFT,
DRAY ING
Hauling and Packing to Mlnes,
and general local business.
WOOD   AND   COAL    FOR    SALE
New Denver, H. C.
NOTICE TO
FIENDS!
anytMnrvonwarit
I will now nell
Hollo,      Fllma,
Kodak* at
Send for prices on
American prices.
fttATHBARN, Kaalo, B. C
SXJR.VH3YOR,
AH HBYLANI), Kuini^'r ami I'n.vliiclal
,  Land Survayor.  8an*J<n*-
DRUO0-
\ir   W. TKKT7.KI, * HO.,  Nelion. H.O.,
fV »   Dfulern in all l»mir» <«,»d A«*yem,Rafi-
TAJLiOftS.
I    n.   CAMKUOK,
el.   CMhliig t««i»rd'*r:
Iwm all cla««M
^td't*.. VUi-,„f_»*♦«*/♦•
Atttf *-.|l<-|tl  |inlMII»lrt'
W-Violeanlo  M***oha,ntsi.
PAIMA ANGRIGNON
T
UKNKH,   HKKTOK   *   CO., WMwiale
_   Ueveltanlwami. liiipni'iur*-'  Lliimii^A-lsrin**
and Ilnr fiw-wl*.    H*»m, V*»w»<_v<>r, VM«»rl*,
RELIABLE ASSAYS
Gold. « .KOI Gold and Silver..! ,7ft
Uad BolOold.illvY.copp'r IM
Sample* by mall receive prompt attention,
Rich Ores and Bullion Bought.
0QDENA98AYC0
UK ISth fit.. Denver. Colo.
J. W.BALMAIN
CIVIL ENGINEER,
AROHITEOT, ETO.
TETave ^opHnneaflyall^ thelbamp^iilclaties
of Kootenay and Boundary. They sell the
best meat obtainable and aim to give satisfaction to everyjsustoiner, J"ry_a line ofjheir
steal
P.   BURNS  &  CO.
California
Wine Co.,
•— NELSON, B.C.
Wholeaale dealers In
Choice Wines
and Fragrant
Cigars"""^**
Agents for Calgary Beer.
. WADD8 BROS "
_        PHOTOGRAPHERS
f VANCOUVER «• NCLBON,
4% *%%%%^%4%^%4
!
THE
K
ASLO HOTEL
Family A Commercial.
«V
L
arge
And
Comfortable
Rooms
• Fitted with every modern
convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.60
and $3 per day.
COCKLE & PAPWORTH,
Proprietor*.
I1, o. Box ltd.
HANDOX, B. C.
J. K. CLARK,
MINES
ANDMINING
Reporta, Examinations and Management.
NEW DENVER.  -  B. O.
DENTISTRY.
DR. MILLOY
ROSSLAND
Host complete Dental Office In B.C
Ollll CORKKT DKPART-
MKNT IS UP-TO-DATE
IN AM, STVLI-IS AND
PRICKS.
i
Fred. Irvine & Co.,
NELSON, B. C-
t
MILLINERY-ALL THE
LATEST   STYLES AT
LOWEST PRIORS.
i:ui?).t.*i,yi,it  ■*'   i'<.■■,
AA:.
»f   Imjwutor*. Whrtli*Ml<- on'H-rtHti-l pmvtilon
i
Meretianta.
T
Oar ltkgg*g« wagons me«i all Sunday train*.
Saddle Horses and Pack *.: .ui$.
Puj-yf fl«aW«i ut W<*w Dativttr.
SILVERWARE
I!.
X-iBOrA^---
HARRIHTK.M 4 ^tl.K IT«lt
NoTAKV I'tlHLlt
HIifati.B.C-
L. CI1HIHTIK, «. v-
.  IW-ltor. Sotarf Pulilir
very WtUUy at Hllverlo.*,
1.1,< ft., IUrrl«*r.
Handle, B.
¥•
Kvti
___^^_„„^       ^    ^ B^rrfafc.r,
Hranr% (Me* at Me* vtnirf •**!> Hat*raa}'
-Ta
HOTBU>13
<9K _*I.Ajio HOCil?.   NiVqJ." », C-
t>rovtdM to"* »«--''in.iii--*'M'-t.« f.iriravehra.
aa Kcfh:««ak»,
, .wiiOi;-
I i!,MiivirU
I    Hhf^—ntntaryHnlf *.•
*Hmnaw * .u»»i*a*''*
teet*.
^M____a  m m%    H  AtmJmm
Now In
'Pr>w*»l«t
pi'OglOHH.
MIHtnfrv
Hosiery. Dross Goods, Silks, Table Linens,
Muntlw-t. Furs. Oarnora CurtainH. Remnants
from all do|Nirtment» at BARGAIN PRICES. Dross Goods
and Silks—anything in this department at 20 per cent, discount,
Furs—balance of our stock— at 25 per cent, discount. Mantles-
Ladies' Jackets, Coats and Golf Capes at less than cost. Skirts:
Ladies' ready made from $2 upwards. Men's Wear: Fleece lined
Underwear from 60e each up.   Bargains in Men's Ties, etc.
Fred. Irvine & Co
NELSON, B. C.
 miiiimii
solk aoekt8 for
bcttkrick patkrns,
THE i»NLY RELIABLE
i
MENS   FURNISHINGS
A SPECIALTY.

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