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The Ledge Sep 16, 1897

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 ���T*x;;-i��1��,waKs  ���astrzti.tjitn2.4m  -'^..  Volume IV. No. 51.  NEW DENVER, B. C, SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  Price, $2 00 Year  Coat ?n Kootenay-  ��� I�� we.except the Pennsylvanian coa  fields,, the   coal  deposits in  Southeast  . Kootenay are the largest and richest in  the whole known world    They may be  larger areas of coal lands but none"so  wealthy.   This immense coal land is in  Southeast Kootenay in Ft. Steele mining division, and its deposits are sometimes known as the Crows Nest Pass  coal fields from their close proximity to  that   celebrated   pass   in   the   Rocky  Mountains through which the C.P.R. is  now constructing the Crows Nest Railway to open up the southern district in  East   and   West Kootenay.   The coal  lands lie in close* proximity to thc western slope of the , Rocky  Mountains and  are   mainly   between   that   range   of  mountain   and    tie   Kootenay   river.  They extend southward from' the Bull  river down to near Tobacco plains close  on the international boundary.    Some  of the richest seams are in the base of  the Elk river and its tributaries.   Coal  deposits, however, exist   west of  the  Kootenay  in    sections   near   the   St.  Mary's and Moyie rivers, and prospecting for   coal is  now going on in that  neighborhood.   The great coal deposits  of which so much has been written and  said belonged to a syndicate of men  who .vere the diseovcrers,and who were  instrumental in obtaining the construction of the railway through Southeast  Kootenay into West Kootenay,a-nd thus  opehiiig'" up" this - immense   territory.  The coal lands are now controlled by  the C.P.R. and certain companies who  will work the coal deposits as  soon as  railway   communication   will   permit.  The dfseove.iy of these coal fields was  the result, as'a great many discoveries  are of chance-   They were discovered  while Win. Fernie, one of the original  syndicate, was Gold Commissioner in  the Wild Horse Creek district.    There  was no Fort Steele in those days, and  Mr. Fernie's jurisdiction extended over  both of the Kootenava.   He held the  post in 18S1, J82 and v83 and during his  regime a trail was constructed from the  Wild   Horse   to  McLeod through t^e  Crow's Nest Pass.   The trail took some  three or four years to construct.   The  excitement for placer mining had not  then quite died away and a little prospecting was occasionally done.   In the  bed of one of the creeks,' one of the trail  down cliff of sandstone,  is another  Then  in  erect  close  One weighed 44 45/100 ozs., and the  other 10 10/100 ozs. The gold m the  first lot assayed .740 fine, making its  value ��15.48"an ounce. Thc silver assayed .240 fine. The gold in the other  lot assayed .820 % fine, making its  value $10.95 an ounce, while the silver  turned out .174 fine.  California gold, which passes through  the hands of the assayers here, assays  .850 fine, and is -worth at least $17.50, an  ounce.   .  It being the first shipment which had  reached this city, no time was Inst in  seam of 30 feet thick  succession,not more than 100 feet apart,  are ten other seams, three of which are  10, 15 and 30 feet thick. The total  thickness of these 12 seams is MS foot of  coal as against 132 in Martin creek  area.  The immensity of these coal  fields is  scarcely known.    The foregoing' is a  very rough and general description of  the'deposits, near the Crows Nest Pass  in the basin of the Elk river.    Many of  thc seams are first-class coking* coals  and others are good gas coal, but none  none of them so  far as 'known are anthracites.    The coal has ceen analyzed  by G. C. Hoffman,  F.I.C., chemist and  mineralogist of the Geological Survey  of Canada.   The sum and conclusion of  his report is :  "It yields by slow coking,  a   bulky,  coherent,   highly   vesicular,  coke ;  by fast coking, a firm and lustrous coke'"in concentric layers,  in which  the form of the "particles of coal  from  which it has been derived is entirely  obliterated, and of about the same, or  if anything less,  bulk than the original  coal.   When heated in a covered crucible, it produces a very large amount of  gasses which burn with a yellow,luminous,  very smoky flame.   Color of the  ash, pale reddish-white,  when exposed  to a bright red heat it remains unaffected, at a most intense red heat it becomes slightly sintered.   This material  sending it for reduction   to   the  assay  constitutes an excellent  coal, not  constructors found what was thought to  be black sand, a sand supposed to be  rich in gold. There was a disappointment when it was found that this sand  contained no gold, but it was a rich  sand nevertheless. It was erosions or  rubbings from coal washed down by  the stream, which meant that there  were coal seams somewhere. As the  construction of the trail proceeded, out-  croppings of coal were found. These  discoveries were reported to the Gold  Commissioner, but nothing was done  for some years. It was not until the  year 1887 that Mr. Fernie, along with  associates, commenced prospecting for  coal. The result of their labors was  that they discovered this immense coal  field, extending from the Crows Nest  Pass right down the Elk river, and  covering an area of not less than 144  square miles. These coal fields have  been visited and reported upon by Dr.  Selwyn* C.M.G., late director of the  Geological Survey of Canada, who j  makes the calculation that there are;  if  only-by sc&ptjji of the large amount of  volatile cbnibiistiblemattei^itis'cap'Jibld  of affording,in which respect it is super-  for to a {very large number of cannel  coals, which are employed for gas making, but also from tlie fact that this  would appear to be of superior quality  for illuminating purposes/' It will thus  be seen that an excellent coke, very  low in ash, can be produced, a coke  not excelled by any other made on the  continent. When large smelting works  are erected in East Kootenay this fuel  supply will be a valuable factor in the  smelting of the ores not only for East  Kootenay but for her sister district  West Kootenay.  office in Wall street, where the fever to  reach the value of the Alaska gold Avas  so great that the wiseacres gathered  anxioxis to even get a look at the precious consignment. After a hasty examination of the stuff in the rougli, the  experts were unanimous in the opinion  that, compared with either California.or  Madagascar gold, the Klondike wasn't  in it.  Assayer Graham looked disappointed.  He said the first sample of gold from the  Klondike was of a very poor quality,  but there was no telling what the next  sample might show. Mr. Graham said  that there was a possibility that the  shipment wa,s made in a hurry and perhaps ought not to be taken as a criterion.  All the government officials who examined the gold pronounced it as far  below what they expected it would be in  value. Superintendent Mason, it was  said characterised it as verv miserable  stuff. .       _ ' .  ABSCONDING    DEBTORS.  A.  D.  Williams and Pete Anuance Leave  Sandon on a, Hand-Car.  THE    CHOW'S    NEST    RAILWAY.  One   hundred   miles   of  the Crow's  Nest Pass railway, from Lethbridge  into the Rockies will be finished in  November. The contracts on this line  are let as follows:  Milks.  J. W Buchanan 5  Mayor Bowles 5  Hugh Mann 5  Ed.Egan : 5  D. Mc'Gillivray 5  J. McCrimmon 5  N. Keith 10  J. D. McArthur 15  G. H. Strevel ..10  W. Dohemy 35  . Track is laid on the first 10 miles out  of Lethbridge, and the bridges are well  underway. They are being built of  wood but will be replaced by steel later  on. The bridge across the'St. Mary's  river is 3000 feet long, the longest on  the route. Supplies are being taken in  the mountains and wagon roads built  so that work can go on all winter.  About 3000 men and S00 teams are employed on the railroad. The uniform  rate of wages for laborers and teamsters is S26 a month and board.    The  A. D. Williams and Pete Annance, of  Sandon, sold the Filbert hotel last Friday to Wm. Sudrow, and immediately  upon getting their money left Sandon* for  forefgn' parts.' The}* left numerous-; credit  tors, among them being the two banks,  out $300 or $400 each. The money was  paid in cash late in the evening, and the  two dromios immediately boarded a  hand-car for Kaslo. They are reported  to have been seen on the boat from Kaslo  to Nelson, but by the time a warrant  had been issued for them they had had  time to get across the line at Northport.  The wires have been used extensively  in the effort to have the fugitives returned, but so far no trace of their whereabouts have been learned.  Their .creditors include the saw mill  men, who furnished lumber for the  building, the contractors and workmen,  wholesale liquor houses, local stores', and  about everybody of whom they could get  anything on time. Their debts amount  to from $3,000 to $4,000.  secured claims upon which the gold  quartz promises big returns. In all the  party will make application for 4,000  acres, which were prospected and staked out while they were there. Many  samples of quartz in free gold as large  as a pinhead can be seen, and were  brought by them. The specimens were  secured from different places on their  claims, which are scattered. When  the party arrived Tuesday night there  were but six prospectors on the ground.  The reports which the Mary Bell  party brought has set the two Soos  wild with excitement, and between two  and three hundred people of the two  Soos will repair to the new fields at the  earliest opportunity. The Canadian  mining laws are of such a varied char-  acted that there has been a misapprehension here of the provisions covering  the locality of the new field, which is an  unsurveyed region. The Ontario mining law covering this particular district  in brief provides that when mineral is  found the discoverer can stake out as  much land in that location as is desired,  not less than forty acres and not more  than 320 acres." The stakes are all  marked and numbered at each corner.  The discoverer's name and date of the  find are written on one of the stakes.  Two witnesses are then required to  make affidavit that they have been on  the claini and have seen the mineral.  A survey is then made of the land, for  which the applicant pays, and thc surveyor's map and field notes are sent to  the croAvn land office with the affidavits  and the application for the property.  Sixty days are allowed to get the application' with survey and affidavits  ready. The price of the property is  fixed at the land office, and is governed  by its location. The price per acre  ranges from $2 to S4.  The -returning prospectors say that  where the veins are laid bare the gold  particles can be seen to fairly stick' out  of the quartz. When the party left  Saturday at least 200,prospectors had  arrived and they passed several parties  going in. The "shores of Lake Wawa  were dotted with tents and within the  three days they were there a lively  mining camp had sprung into existence.  The   distance from the mouth of the  OntaHoa^ Quebec-  ���*s>-*s-<s**  isept* 9!  ^s>*��--<s>  received $810 con-  week.     No names  Norwich has been  the failure of the  Michipicoteu river to Lake Wawa is  49,952,000 tons per quare mile.   Even  one half otchis is available there are in i company has made this rate and con-  each   square   mile   24,9/0,000  tons-in [tractors' are   prohibited   from  paying  I more or less.   The scale of wages is not  j high enough and some difficulty   is ex-  reality inexaustible.   These coal lands  are about the same altitude as the Can-  more and Banff coal fields in Alberta,  on   the   eastern side  of the Rockies,  namely between four and five thousand  feet.   The  first  great   series   of  coal  seams are not far from the west end of  the Crows Nest Pass and are between  Martin creek and Michael creek, northern tributaries of the Elk river.   Here  there are no less than 20 seams of coal.  They are seen one above the other, the  outcrops being quite visible, stretching  througn gulches and along ridges right  up to the summit.   Fourteen of these  seams are cannel coal.   Three of them,  the Peter seam, the William's seam and  the Jubilee seam, so named from having been discovered on   the  22nd of  June, 1887, the first jubilee of Her Majesty, are respectively 15, 20 and 30 feet  wide.    The total width of the seams is  132   feet.   After leaving these seams,  and some distance away, there is another seam about four miles up Coar  creek, another  tributary   of the  Elk  river, near the mouth of" a steep rock  gulley.  This is a fine seam and is seven  feet thick.   The next great series of  seams are in the Elk river valley, about  seven miles from Coal creek.   The first  seam is about 1,500 feet up the mountain upon the top of a broken down cliff  of  massive sandstone.    This   seam  is  from 25 to 30 feet thick with a slate  parting  about  two feet.    Higher up,  about 130  feet,   on a   similar broken  perienced in keeping the men to work.  A    WHITE   GROUSE   DEAL.  Hugh Sutherland, as agent for a Montreal syndicate, of which Dan Mann is at  the head, has purchased a one-fourth interest in the Storm  King and  Copper  King, on White Grouse Mountain, from  the original locators, Dave and Jim  Black. This deal means, practically,  that the Blacks have sold out of the  Ramsdall Company and the Montreal  syndicate, along with the Anaconda people, who own the remaining* interests in  the property, will go ahead with active  development. The Storm King, though  it has never made a shipment, has become known as a property of high value,  assays taken from the bottom of a shaft  sunk 60 feet on the ledge show $24 gold,  40 per cent, copper and good values in  silver. In view of the fact that a number of parties are now negotiating for  White Grouse properties, this deal is important and may mean that the turning  point has arrived for that district.  not over seven miles and the party ex  perienced no difficulty in getting in and  out with their camp equippage in three  hours.  The report of McKenzie, geological  expert,  supplemented  by   tlie results  obtained by the party which returned  last night, indicate that the Lake Wawa  strike is the most important gold discovery in the which lias been  so far  made"in Canada.   The location is such  that mining machinery can be cheaply  transported, the quartz is of a nature  that is easily mined and milled and from  all appearances there are inexhaustible  stores of it.   The country has never  been explored  for mineral until now.  Indications are that some of the claims  found by the returning Sooites of today  will   pan out as well as the   original  Mackey-Dickenson claim.  A townsite is being surveyed at Lake  Wawa and preparations are'being made  to care for the hundreds of people who  are certain to flock to the region in the  next few weeks The next steamer  leaves the Soo this afternoon and will  make three trips this week.  The embryo town of Wawa is located  in one narrow pass,which leads to Lake  Wawa from the landing place on the  shore of Lake Superior. Quartz has  been found here containing free gold in  chunks as big as kernels of wheat.  Probably 100' prospectors are to-day  working' in rhe hills. The country  where the discoveries were made has  never been opened for settlement. The  only inhabitants about are a few Indians.���Minneapolis Journal.  The Government  science-money this  given.  * The Evaporator at  close on account of  apple crop.  The Canadian Medical' Association is  holding its 30th annual meeting at Montreal. '  The Indian Famine Fund of Canada  amounts to $179,161, which amount has  been sent to Indi��*..  The fruit crops of Hamilton and  Grimsby are much larger this year than  for a number of years past.  A farmer near Beamsville, aged 40,  eloped with a young girl about 19 years  old.   His wife'is heartbroken.  A. McRae, the embezzler of St. Catherines, has been sentenced to four years  in the penitentiary at Kingston.  On September 4th there was a gathering atBerlin,Ont., of old German soldiers  from all parts of the continent.  Lord Chelmsford, who commanded  the British troops during part of the  Zulua war of 1879, is now visiting in Toronto.  Sir AVilfrid Laurier received an enthusiastic welcome at Quebec, on his  return home from his successful visit to  England.  'Coal has been found near Cold water,  Ont., in County of Simcoe." ��� It is not of  an anthracite'nature," but is clean, jet-  black coal.  quality of  have been  the  iron.     Similar deposits  found on the shores of Lake  There have been two private bank  failures in Seaforth recently, and the  business circles of that town have suffered considerable losses therefrom.  Windsor bicyclists are hot because the  United States customs authorities have  prohibited wheels from being taken into  Detroit without payment of duty.  The township of Kingston was very  much shaken up by a violent earthquake  shock one clay last"week. It lasted only,  a few seconds. It was not felt in the  city.  Railway business is booming. Last  week the'Grand Trunk Ry. did a half-  million dollar business, which was  $22,000 in excess of the same week last  year. -  Bothwell oil  fields  are booming.   A  Superior and River St. Lawrence.  The trial of James Allison,the alleged  nnvrderer of Mrs. Anthony Orr, has  commenced and will likely last for four  or five days. The mystery surrounding* this crime is increasing daily as  there was no apparent motive for it.  A committee of lumbermen presented  their case to the Ontario Government?  this week, but received no definite reply, They want a regulation passed  providing that all timber cut on Crown  lands shall be manufactured in the Province.  The Canadian Pacific Railway reports  an increase of over three-quarters of a  i million dollars in profits for the first  seven months of this year over the same  period in 1896. The net profits for July  alone showed an increase of $214,124.33  over July 1898.  Another .concession has been made by  the Government to the Standard Oil Co.  in allowing them to bring oil into Canada in tank cars and store it without ���  paying any duty until it is disposed of.  It is thus that our Government protects  the Canadian oil trade.  A horrible story comes from Wheat-  ley, a small town about 20 miles from  Windsor. A woman named Mrs. Enoch  McLean, was attacked by one of her  hogs and terribly wounded. Her  daughter while endeavoring to help her  mother was also badly hurt. ���       "-..'.::���.....  Mr. Geo. Stevens, an Aeronaut, a  former resident of Toronto, will make  an attempt to find the lost Prof. Andree,  who sailed away in his baloon on July  11th to find the north pole. Mr. Steven's  has also made a contract with a New  York syndicate to convey provisions to  the Klondyke in his balloon. He is  confident of finding Andree.  TIME    TO    RETALIATE.  Jas. McMullen, M.P., Expresses Himself  Strongly   on    American   Hostility,  Commercially, to Canada.  new well has just been finished which is  pumping about forty barrels a day from  the lower sand,  firm.  Petrolia oil market is  AINSWORTH'S    OUTLOOK.  There are few camps in Kootenay  which have as bright an outlook as Ainsworth appears to have. The present  advance in. lead affords a better price  for the silver-lead ore produced in this  camp than has been prevailing for  sometime and the mine owners will not  be slow to take advantage. With the  completion of the Highlander concentrator, about October 1st, a considerable  force will be employed on that propeHry.  The Black Diamond will also much increase their output shortly. The Tariff,  Braden Bros, property, will have 40 or  50 men at work immediately the repairs  on the concentrator at Piiot Bay are  completed and a number of other properties will employ a large force in the  near future.  KLONDIKE   GOLD   BELOW    PAR.  New York���The first consignment  of  gold from the | far-off Klondike,  so far  HIGHWAY    ROBBERY.  On Monday evening J. S. B. Weller, a  prospector from Eureka. South Dakota,  was held up by two men in the town  limits of Silverton. Weller was returning on foot from New Denver, and in  passing through the woods before coming to the bridge he was seized from  behind and a gun shoved in his face.  He was unable to resist and his two  assailants neatly cut out his pocket and  decamped. Grant Thorburn and AI,  McDonald started in pursuit of the footpads as soon as the news reached Silver-  ton, but as Weller could net identify the  robbers and as the pursuers had no clue  to work upon the hokl-upers escaped.  The booty consisted of a watch, three  plugs of tobacco, and $210 in American  money, $150 of which was in $50 bills.  Will)   OVER   THE   GOL  ENTERPRISE   CLOSED    DOWN.  The unexpected has happened. The  great Enterprise mine on Ten Mile was  closed down Monday night and all hands  paid off. The shutting down of this  valuable property is not on account of  the mine giving out, for there is now in  sight ore enough to keep SO miners busy  seven years getting it out. Nor is the  shutting down owing to the decline in  the price of silver. But a change in the  management is about to take place. It  is asserted that the mine will shortly be  re-opened with a larger force of workmen than ever. A change in the scale  of wages will probably mark the reopening, a cut being contemplated from  $3.50 to $3 per day.  TUNNEL. SHAFT, DUMP.  Tho Micliipicoten   Finds Said  to Be  Most Important in Canada.  tlie  IS  concerned,  is  the  as its intrinsic value  disappointing to   the  Bank of America.  The shipment   comprised   two   lot.-  Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. Sept. 10.���A  party of gold seekers in the yacht Mary  Bell returned from Michipicoteu -last  evening after having been in the new  gold fields but three days. There were  fourteen in the party, all responsible  business men of this citv.  Each of them  A rich strike is reported on the Noonday, one of the Galena Farm properties  originally bonded by C. W. Callahan,  but later thrown up. The owners have  done a great deal of sluicing and a monstrous body of galena has been uncovered.  What is said to be one of the finest  strikes made in the country is reported  from Twelve Mile close to the mouth of  the creek.  Mrs.  J.   C.  Bolander is   expected   to  return from an extended trip to Colorado  about, tlie 25th inst-    She  is entirely re-1  lieved of the ailment  that  lias  afflicted  her lor some time. '  A recognized authority on agricultural  matters in Toronto says that "wheat  will go up, to $1.50, if there is another  shortage of wheat in tbe Argentine Republic next spring.  A youug woman of Toronto, named  Mary-Williams, while taking a spin on  her bicycle, was struck by a trolley car  and died in a few minutes. No blame  was attached to the motor-man.  The seventeen-year old daughter of  Rev. Wm. Tindale, of AValkerton, while  sewing in her father's study, was so  badly burned by the upsetting of the  lamp that she died in a few hours.  Sir Wilfrid Laurier and his party had  a narrow escape from death while coming  up the St. Lawrence to Montreal. The  pilot became confused by the numerous  illuminations and crafts on the river.  At tlie recent races of the Montreal  Bicycle Club two tandems collided in a  race and were carried off the track and  over the high curved fence, by the force  of the collision. No one was seriously  injured.  Experts pronounce the gold mine at  Michipicoteu, Out., a marvelous one.  Samples have assayed over $100 to the  ton. The gold is free milling. The discovery was made  by  an Indian about a  M.P.,  in  Dingley  Congress,  in  Montreal���Jas.   McMullen,  an   interview regarding* the  Bill,  says   the   action of  enacting that lumber,  if manufactured  in Canadian territory by U. S. citizens,  shall enter the Republic free of dutv,  but, if by Canadians,  shall pay duty, is  simply insulting, and not to be borne  with, unless we are prepared to say Ave  Avill forever cringe before the people of  the U.S.    For years, the Liberal party  in Canada were warm  friends of the  American people, and  were sincerely  desirous of cultivating close commercial  , relations, yet the moment the Republi-  I can party secured office,  and without  i any consideration of the fact that there  was at'last in Canada a Government  prepared to meet and -discuss plans for  mutual benefit, the Dingley  Bill, with  hostility to Canada protruding from it,  was   introduced.   One  plain  object  of  the bill is to prevent the Canadian people from acting as they deem best in  their own  interests,  and I  for one am  not prepared to  quietly tolerate such  intermeddling.    Canada would lose its  own self-respect if it took no notice of  this overt act of unfriendliness, and I  believe Parliament will  insist on the  Government imposing* an export duty.  We can find other markets for our lumber, and the immediate loss, if any, will  only lie temporary.    1 believe the time  has come for us to  cease extending  to  the   U. S.   citizens    favors denied our  citizens by the U. S.   A little self assertion   now,   will,    perhaps,   teach    our  American  cousins more courtesy and  consideration.    He says that he will introduce his bill of last session, at next  session, to prevent Americans holding  lands, mines, or  forests in the Dominion.  CURLEY'S LATEST VENTURE.  month ago.  Sir Charles Rivers Wilson, President  of the Grand Trunk Ry., in company  with other railway officials, inspected  tho new car shops at London, and Sir  Charles expressed himself as well-pleased therewith.  Our Premier says that the fast Atlantic  service is now  almost assured.-   He also I c'lte dandy from New Denver or the man  says that the gold fields of British Co-1 from Dawson City.   The senior member  lumbia   are   exciting   a great   deal of  Robinson & Baitey have rented the  restaurant in the Filbert Hotel, Sandon,  and are turning out meals fit for a deli-  attention in Great Britain  and inducing  immigration.  Burglars found a second Klondike in  the Dominion Bank at Nepawa, and in  one night possessed themselves of $32,-  000. How they knew the combination  is a puzzle to everyone. No clue to the  burglars has been found.  A specimen of magnetic iron sand  from Centre Island, Toronto, is being  tested by Archibald Blue, of the Ontario  -Mining Bureau,  so  as   to  ascertain the  of the firm, Curley Robinson, is known  on this coast from the ice-tipped mountains of Alaska to the sunny side of  California. Tackle his grub when you  are hungry and no regrets will be necessary.  A meeting is called for Saturday night  night in the basement, of the ' Clever  Block, of. all young men interested in  athletics. It is the intention to organize  a first-class athletic club and to perfect  plans of entertainment for the winter  evenings. 2  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  Fourth Year;  THE AMERICAN COWBOY  A Hard Rider, Hard Drinker  Rather Tough Citizen.  and  PICTURESQUE   SOUTHERN    LIFE  -l  George E. Walsh ia the Scientific American.  The gaucho, or South American cowboy, is in many respects a duplicate of  the rapidly disappearing'Jcowboy of our  Western plains, differing only from him  in habits and customs that climate and  surroundings are responsible for, and  possessing many good qualities that are  scarcely noticeable to casual strangers  avIio happen to meet him for a few hours  at the stations and small toAvns. At  such times he is usually drunk, un-  amiable, slouchy and unattractive. He-  is out of his element, and a judgment  placed upon such 'observations is unjust.  In his home on the plains his picturesque appearance and his really flue  accomplishments are set off to better  advantages.  The cowboy, the shepherd and the  plainsmen are all classed as gauchos,  but the first is more typical of Avhat the  word means.. His life is spent on  horseback, riding over the endless  stretches of plains, corralling his cattle  and branding them, and occasionally  hunting the Avild panthers, ostriches or  guanacos. His saddle is the most uncomfortable seat in the Avorld, but he  strides it Avith the ease and grace of an  Indian. The Avild mustang's of the  gauchos are fully as ungovernable  as any on our Western plains,  and tliey shy right and left, rear  on their hind legs, and even roll on the  ground to shake their riders. But once  in his saddle the coAvboy is not to be  dislodged by any trick of man or beast.  He Avill remain in his saddle from the  break of day to the going down of the  sun, stopping* only long enoug'h to eat  and drink.  The diet of the  gaucho is not noted  for its variety, but of its kind it is good.  The morning meal is characteristic of  the Spanish-American people���a cup of  mate, the tea herb of Paraguay, and a  fair substitute for coffee, a piece of cold  meat and a pipe of tobacco. With this  slim repast over, the cowboy is ready  for a ride of several hours in the keen  morning air. The midday meal is not  .much niore elegant, either in variety or  quantity ; but Avhen night comes lie is  -.-.- ravenously hung*ry,and a course dinner  Avill be prepared. This consists of some  good fresh meat���the flesh of a panther,  rabbit, partridge or steer���a cup of the  inevitable mate, the Avild berries of the  plains, and possibly an ostrich egg. In  the course of the day the gaucho is very  apt to startle up a mother ostrich from  its nest, and after killing the bird he  will return to look for the" nest.  One egg holds enough meat to make  a. big omelet, and Avhen properly cooked  it has a peculiar and delicious flavor.  One end of the shell is broken, and then  the egg is placed on the hot coals to  cook, in a feAv minutes the egg is  ready for eating, and the cowboy digs  out the meat Avith his knife and'gul'ps  it down greedily. The mother ostrich  is meaiiAvhile skinned, and the feathers  are carefully preserved until sometime  Avhen the gaucho goes to some settlement. There he'receives 50 cents a  pound for them, Avhich enables him to  buy a few trinkets for his squaAV wife  and a good stock of rum.  The Western coAvboy is said to be  helpless Avithout  his revolver, but this  does not apply to the South American  gaucho.   He rarely, if: ever,   has   ..eh  an instrument, and not even a rifle is  carried with him.    His   indispensible  Aveapons are the lasso,  of   horse-hair  rope, the   bolas   and the knife.    The  latter is his  weapon of defense Avhen  fighting Avith human enemies,  and the  first tAvo are his weapons for offense  , Avhen chasing* the Avild horses, steers,  guanacos, ostriches, panthers, and even  birds.    With his knife he can perforin  wonders, using it for all emerg*encies at  close quarters, from  slitting the throat  of an animal to the earying up of another human being.  A man avIio should  use a revohrer in a fight Avith a South  American cowboy Avould be despised  and would v-ery probably be strung up  for his coAvardl'y actions.'  The revolver  has no place in' their Avild, nomadic life.  The bolas is really the weapon that is  unique and   peculiar   to   these South  American cowboys, and through long-  years of constant practice, it is really a  deadly instrument.   It consists  of two  or three small iron balls, one and a half  inches in diameter, attached to pieces  of stout cord three feet long. The other  ends of these cords are gathered together in a big knot,, Avhich gives the  coAvboy a firm purchase.   The accomplishments   of   the gaucho   with   this  instrument are little short of the marvelous.   He swings it over   his head  once or twice to give it force, and then,  with a twist of his  Avrist,   hurls  it with  unerring aim at the object.    Within a j  range of 30 or 00 yards tlie man can  bring down any small game,  and even  at 80 to 100 yards he has been known to I  hit  panthers  audi rabbits.    The two or |  three balls swing wide apart  in their j  flight, and thus there is a range of six!  feet in which to hit the target.  At short j  range the cowboy hits  his game with  the iron balls, stunning or killing them  with the blow, and in  this way he will  bring down partridges  and  rabbits by  dashing in their midst and striking just  as they jump to run.  On the plains the cowboys practice  daily with their bolas, using them to  bring down cattle, a stray' ostrich, a  rabbit or a guanaco. When the cattle  are rounded up to be branded the lasso  is used, for the bolas is more apt to  break bones than anything else, and  consequently they are useless foi* this  Avork. But after the cattle liave been  branded an exhibition of throwing the  bolas may be given to create, a little  excitement. Tin; lasso is thrown with  the same skill as the, bolas. and it never  fails to settle over the head of the steer  selected.  Their  work   of   branding*   cattle,   is  naturally  cruel   and  or a sharp knife inflicts a more or less  serious skin wound in the shape of a  cross, circle or Avhatever geometric  figure may strike the fancy of the  owner.  The South American cowboy is never  made of the stuff that converts a man  into a cattle king* Avorth his millions,  and the rare good fortunes that haAre  been made on our Western plains by  enterprising cowboys are never repeated in the southern hemisphere. The  ambition of the gaucho neA-er rises to  such flights of fancy. He is contented  to live his life to the end on the boundless plains, riding in a saddle for a living, and associating with the same  people and scenes until death inter-  A-enes. He has nothing of the Yankee  ingenuity and mind of scheming, and  he Avould not knoAV Avhat to do Avith his  money if lie gathered a feAv thousands  of dollars together. Probably a good  part of it Avould be put into ruin and the  balance into more stock.  Stretched at regular inter\rals on the  pampas plains are mud-walled huts  called '"-homes." In many respects they  resemble the adobe huts of the Southwest of our own country. They are  made of blocks of sun-dried mud, Avith  the roof composed of dried grass, mud  and a few Avillow rafters. Wood is  scarce on the pampas, just as it is on  the plains of the Southwest, and the  cowboys make the most of eArery dead  trunk'that can be found along, the  courses of the rivers. These are always  carefully preserved foi* roof rafter, aiid  eA-ery gaucho attaches more value to  these than any tiling else that g'oes to  form his house* The mud and grass  are so plentiful that there is no market  price attached to them. Labor alone is  the commodity that has value in such  house building.  The roofs of these mud homes frequently leak, and the oAvners attempt-  to patch them up Avith mud and grass  until the thickness is nearly two feet.  The mud house usually consists of one  large room, but occasionally two or  three adjoining bedrooms are added.  The beds are made of pampas grass and  the skins of the panther and cattle.  Chairs and- tables are scarce, but becas-  sionally a tew old stools and a dry-g-oods  box: Avill be found in the huts. In this  rude home the cowboy spends part of  his time Avhen he is not in his saddle,  and his squaAv Avife and children live  there most of the time Avatching and  waiting for their lord and master to  come home.  A more attractiA-e place than this  home are the gaucho saloons, which are  scattered pretty plentiful across the  pampas. This place is built of mud,but  it is usually larger and more attractive  than the ordinary home of the gaucho.  Coarse pictures conceal the barrenness  of the Avails, and, to the coAvboy's Avay  of thinking, vastly improve appearances. There are cheap lithographs of  actresses, fighting scenes and obscene  pictures g*athered from the four corners  of the earth. Rum and beer are dispensed at these saloons in quantities,  and the gauchos assemble there to haAre  a regular spree, nearly always ending  up Avith a free fight. 'The deaths that  occur at the gaucho saloons are many,  but they are usually hushed up and nobody is the-wiser. The scenes enacted  there seem' to be the necessary and  fitting climax to the Avild, rough life the  gauchos lead upon the pampas, and,  according to their code of honor, it is no  disgrace to end an existence in such a  way.   Might be More Elegant.  Society and the society girl are unexplored countries to Senator Penrose,and  for that reason there isn't a girl in Philadelphia Avho wouldn't marry him offhand if asked, and so, when a small  party of them was asked to meet him  one night recently, there were several  little hearts fluttering in anxious uncertainty as to just how to greet him in the  way likely to produce the greatest impression. They discussed his mannerisms and his dislike for the world's  stereotyped Avays among themselves,  and one of the party,a fair Georgian,who  had not been raised on a plantation for  nothing, had her own opinions on the  subject. She kept them to herself,how-  ever, until the auspicious evening came  around. When she reached the house  Avhere the lion was on exhibition, it Avas  some time after the appointed hour.  Her hair was tousled and her hat awry,  and, bursting into the room, without  apparently noticing the hero, who was  lounging on the sofa the picture of ennui,  she blurted out;  "Where in hell did you girls get to,  anyway? I've hunted the Avhole damned  town OArer and couldn't find a rag or  raveling of you!"  The ox-eyed Boies at once aAVoke  from the lethargy that chained him, and  begged to be presented to the frisky  Georgian. Later he gave his opinion of  her to some cronies at the Union League  which Avas regarded as highly flattering,  barring some little oddities of diction.  And now people say she is the girl  who will marry him.���Town Topics.  RAKED  UP HIS LATIN.  And Succeeded In Uiienrthiiig- Terms That  Startled the  Waiter.  A western laAvyer went into the  Planters' cafe a few days ago. He had  not ahvays lived in the far west and in  his college days in the east was Avell  enough acquainted with the French  bills of fare of swell NeAv York restaurants. But out in his new home he had  forgotten about soup au pot gras aud  pomme de Torre a la duchesse. The fact  that he could not read some of the delicacies on tlie menu exasperated him,  and he proceeded to hare fun with the  ���waiter.  "Nothing here that I'd care for,"  laid he to the claAV hammered attendant.  "We can serve you anything for dinner, sir," said the waiter, confident that  he could please his customer before he  got through with him.  "Have you sine qua non?"  The waiter stared.  "No-c-o, sir," he answered.  "What about, bonmots? Have yon  any?"  "No, sir."  "Then let me have some nice ignis  fatuus. That's good at this time of the  year."  "We haven't, got it."  "Bring me some tempns fngitthen."  "That's out, too, sir."  "You must liave e pluribus unum."  This time the waiter looked bright.  "I've heard them speak about it in the  kitchen.  I'll go aiid see."  He came back empty handed and dejected. "We haven't got it," he stammered.  ' 'Strange that I can't get any of these  seasonable things. Try once more and  find out if they have pro bono publico."  "I'll call Mr. Weaver," said the  waiter, almost crazy by this time.  "Perhaps he can tell what  you Avant."  Tbe guest from the west caught him  by the coattails.  "All right," said he, "and in the  meantime bring me some roast beef and  fried potatoes."  "We have it!" yelled the waiter in  his delight at hearing of something that  was obtainable, and he flew off to the  kitchen and came back Avith the beef  and the potatoes and Landlord Weaver  in the wake.  The attorney and the hotel man had  a good laugh at the expense of the unfortunate %vaiter, Avho confided to the  chef in the kitchen that he had struck a  man who must have been eating at Del-  monico's all his life.���St. Louis Republic. ___________  Merchant���Well, Patrick, was -your  Sunday school picnic a success \-ester-  daAr?  Office Boy���Yes, sir, but it opened  orful sIoav. There wasn't a black eye in  the croAvd 'til after four o'clock.���-'Life.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  B   ���   B  Two 10x15 job  bers; one a G-or-  don and the other  an Excelsior, now  called the Eclipse.  R. T. LOWERY.  TnUENISHED ROOMS  TO LET.  By Day or Week.  Mrs. A. J. Murphy.  SIXTH STREET  The Job  room  of  The Led_r6  An Interesting  Sight.  The roasting of ore at the Trail smelter is an interesting sight. The ore for  roasting is piled in heaps resembling* oblong pyramids with wooden bases, Petroleum is sprinkled on the wood and  set on fire. Tlie sulphur and arsenic in  the ore takes lire and the lower part of  the heap soon becomes a red hot mass  with vent holes here and there in the  outer shell through which escapes a  stifling smoke. The Avood simply starts  the fire, the ore supplying its own fuel.  It requires about six Aveeks to burn  out the entire mass. Those burnt out  look like huge cinder piles. The ore on  the outside as it is being burnt out,  sometimes takes on a most brilliant red  and saffrou coloring's and the smoke  which comes from the vent holes is also  often richly colored*  As a matter of fact tlie ore is partially  smelted as it goes through   the   roasting  tor  cent.  aceomp-  ,   so  that  economic  of  to  tj��^X  ~<s~  Is the finest west of the Red-River   The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior    There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  paciv train   in and see  And you  will feel as though  you were having  a Holiday in  Paradise. ^^^^^^^^^  process. It is from 15 to 25 \  nearer copper matte. This is  lished with very little expense,  the   roasting   process   is   an  .., , measure when a smelter  has  plentv  blunting to fine I ore lin,* plentv of capital with which  sensibilities. It is necessary by law for j imv 0re and hold it.  every herder to brand his cattle, if he  wishes to claim them, and the cowboys  are not particular as to the niceties of  the civilised code of honor about torturing* animals. The cattle arc. rounded  up on the plains, and those selected for  the lira nd ing* art; thrown violently upon  the soft earth,and then eithera hot iron  Come ii]) to my house tomorrow  night, said Honpccquo. 1 am going to  celebrate my golden wedding.  Golden wedding! Why, man. you've  onlv been married three ve'trs.    If you are in the Slocan  metropolis call  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks -when you have any job printing- to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  The smoke  from the HT^ID  LAZ!  Will be seen in  many mountain saloons  before the hills are  much older^^^^^^^  l   know;  evorvthing  but  it  is all ri:  seems  rht.  li!  fittv  so  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a new house, witli new furniture and everything* comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar lias tlie best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors. i. i i.r; -. l_t- Kw-tii. -^i  '^  Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  THE    COOK'S    I.U__ABY.  Sing, oh f Lucy .whar yo'binso  a  niggah  courtin' you'���(Yes,  Heap, Yo' Rastus, shet vo' little sleepy haid,  Mammy gwine tu'h rock hu*h lamb tu'h res'-  'Polamb?)  Ebry little possum chile am dreamin' in its bed.  Yo's my urecious honey���Yes, yo' a in!  Swing, oh!   Sine-, oh!    Lucv .whar yo'bins  late?  Lemme catch  you!)  Hurry up, yo' rascals, fo' dere's co'n bread on de  plate���  Fo' Mammy loves hu'h honies, yee, she do!  Laws now, Rastus, I done gwine tn'h swat yo'  hard,  Slap yo'tu'h a peak an* break it off��� (Po lamb !)  Monst'ous, drefful Bogie Man am waitin' in de  yard���  Mammie's only jokin', yes. she am!  Swing, oh!   Sing, oh!   Petah, yes, I see yo', get!  Washin'tou, I'll cu'l yo' wooll for'you'��� (Yes,  you!  Neber in de whole roun'wo Id I seen sich chilluns  yit��� .  But Mammie loves hu'h honiss, yes, she do!  ,  < ���Massey's Magazine.  THE  SALT DEPOSITS OF  MANITOBA  are tall enough to deserve their reputation as giants.  Although the climate is intensely cold  and there is an abundance of fur in  easy reach, the only clothing of these  degenerates is a single skin,Avorn loosely over the shoulder. They are virtually naked, with the thermometer far  below zero. They never Avalk upright,  but stoop and shuffle along as if they  had just risen from all fours. They are  very quarrelsome and are continually  figlrting among themselves. They  have no approach to government,.|n6t  even in its loAvest form. In this and in  other respects they are loAver even than  the Hottentots.    ~  IN   TEXAS.  In the Devonian series of rocks which  are largely developed on both sides of  Lake Manitoba and LakeWinnipeg*oosis  there are numerous salt springs, and it  is evident that in the extensive territory there exist enormous deposits of  salt similar to those Avhich have been  discovered on the shores oE Lake Huron  in Ontario.  cIn many localities on the shores of the  Manitoba lakes, salt springs, and even  rivulets of strong brine, are known to  flow into the larger bodies of Avater,and  in places Avhere there are spots saturated witli salt, either bare or covered by-  plants usually found only in salt  marshes by the seaside. Long before  the country was settled by white men,  salt Avas manufactured on the shores of  those northern lakes by natives, and by  the Hudson Bay Co.  In 1849 some of the springs and places  of manufacture Avere visited by Professor Hind. He found about 25 Avells  at different points. At Salt Springs on  Lake Winnipegoosis, a man named  Monkinan was engaged Avith his sons  in preparing salt. There Avere tAvo log  houses and three evaporating furnaces.  The Avhole arrangement is described as  being of a very rude description. As  the salt formed in the kettle it was removed and allowed to remain for a  time to drain. It Avas then packed in  birch bark roggiks and taken to Fort  Garry, where it sold readily at.S3 a  bushel, ���*������.-��� Avas exchanged for flour,  buffalo meat or supplies.  There is no doubt that if the rock Avas  penetrated inexhaustible deposits of  salt would be reached, and iioav when  the raihvay to Lake Winnipegoosis is  nearly completed, the manufacture of  salt should become a profitable and useful employment, for there is not the  least use in bringing salt thousands of  miles from the east when it can be had  of purest quality in this province.  There is little doubt that if a company  Avere formed, the manufacture of salt in  Manitoba could be proceeded with immediately.  In the far north there is an affluent of  Slave River, a large stream that receives the Avaters from eight strong salt  Stranger-���What are you planting in  this field? '  Texan���Cotton.  Stranger���But you haven't picked  last years crop.  Texan���It Avon't pay the pickin'.  Stranger���Then why are you planting another crop ?  Texan���A feller's got ter mek er  livin'.  Stranger���Will you pick the crop you  are planting ?  Texan���Noap.  Stranger���Then hoAv do you expect to  make a living ?  Texan���Sellin' the farm ter some  Yankee.  Stranger���Will he pick the crop ?  Texan���Noap; he'll get the ager.  Stranger���I suppose' you will leave  this country Avhen you have sold your  farm?  Texan���Noap.  Stranger���What will you do then?  Texan���Go ter rasin' cotton agin  Stranger���But you Avon't have  farm.  Texan���I'll have this un.  stranger���Hoav is that?  Texan���The Yankee'll give it back  ter me Avhen he gits the ager.  Strager���But Tioav do you knoAv he  will?  Texan���He alius does.  Stranger���You have sold the farm before, then?  Texan���Do I look like a man that  ain't pervidin' fer his family? But I  must do goin', stranger. Do ye see that  yaller nag on the shanty over you?  Stranger���Why,yes. "Heavens! Does  that mean that yon have the small-pox  in your family?  Texan���Small-pox nothin'! That's  the old Avoman's Yankee signal, an' I  must hurry over there an' sell out ter  him 'fore lie takes the ager. Good day.  ���From the Yellow Kid.  TRUTHS.  any  springs.   The spring  issues from  the  base of an immense ridge of rock, also  of the Devonian formation. The water  first spreads 'over a clay plain, Avhere  much pure salt is deposited. A half-  breed named Beaulieu has established  his residence near these extensive salt  springs, and his sons procure all the  meat which they require by capturing  thc moose deer and other large animals  that visit the springs for the purpose of  tasting the Avater. So strong are the  springs that thc river which receives  them." is named Salt River, and the  spring's are about 20 miles from the  mouth. The Athabasca and Mackenzie  river district are supplied with excellent  salt from this source. There is little  doubt that Lake Manitoba, Lake Winnipegoosis, and much of the country in  in the vicinity of the lakes, is underlaid by an immense salt deposit that  -will ere long attract the attention of  capitalists.  THE   VKECIOUS    METALS.  You ask me to supply you Avith a list  of books that you may purchase the  same for your private, delectation. My  dear boy, receive * this and treasure it  for a truth: ���No Avise man ever purchases a book. Fools buy books and  Avise men borrow them. By respecting*  and acting upon this axiom, you may  obtain a very handsome library for  nothing.  There are three things which no man  but a fool lends���or, having lent, is not  in the most hopeless state of mental  crassitude if he eArer hopes to get back  again. These three things are: Books,  umbrellas and money ! I believe a certain fiction of the law assumes a remedy  to the borroAver ; but I Icroav of no case  in which any man, being sufficiently  dastard to gibbet his reputation as  plaintiff in. such a suit, ever fairly succeeded ag*ainst the Avholesale prejudices  of society.  Look upon all borrowed money as  money dearly, richly earned by your  iug-en'uity in'   obtaiiiin��* it.    Put it to  your account as the  Avages  of your in  tellect, your address, your reasoning* or  seductive  engraven  On account of   their scarcity,  some  metals are much more precious than  gold.   The following  table  shows the  value in gold by the pound avoridupois  Aveight, of nearly all the metals used in  arts and manufactures :  Vanadium, crystals, fused.  84,702 40  Rubidium, wire ���  3,201 00  Calcium, electrolytic  2,440 20  Tantalum, pure....   2,44(1 20  Curium, fused,globules  2,228 70  Lithium, globules  2,9**5 44  Sintliium, wire  1,071 58  Sublum, fused  1,020 08  Didymiuin, fused  l.ssii) ji7  Strontium, electrolytic  l,.r>7(i 44  Indium, pure  1,522 08  Rutlimium  1,304- 04  Columliium, fused  1,250 28  Rhodium  1,032 84  Barrium, electrolytic  !)24 11  Tallhmi *.  738 8��  Osmium.....  052 32  Palladium  498 30  Iridium  400 59  Uranium  431 S8  Iron :  0t  Gold....  290 72  Titanium, fused   '" "  Tellurium, fused   Chromium, fused .   Platinum, fused   Manganese, fused   Molybdenum   Magnesium, wire   Potassium, globules   Silver, bar   Aluminum, bar  10 30  Cobalt, cubes  12 08  poAvers. Let this truth be  ---0-.- - upon your very brain-pan.  To borroAV money is the very higuiest  employment of tlie human intellect; to  pay it'back again is to show yourself a  traitor to the genius that has successfully worked within you.���Douglas  Jer'rold.  THE    NIGGEK.  *39 80  190 20  190 10  122 31  108 72  54 33  45 30  22 05  8 00  There has been a terrible event in  the United States. A stain of negro  blood has been detected in a female  student at Vassal* College. Great has  been the consternation in the College  at the appalling discovery. To set the  negro free countless millions Avere expended in the Avar, countless lives Avere  sacrificed, and uoav thirty years after  the close of the Avar a pension list larger  than the cost of the greatest European  army is being* defrayed. Yet the  estrangement of the races is as complete  as ever and the degradation of the  negro is almost as deep, even at the  north, as it Avas before! Meantime  negroes from the British West Indies  are freely studying and graduating in  the most'aristocratic of British miiver-  sities, Avhile a black bishop some years  ago Avas a guest in one of the most exclusive of London clubs. The explanation, of course, is that in Great Britain  the negro had never been stamped as a  social pariah Avith the band of slavery.  The Englishmen's "nigg'er"is the native  Hindoo.   TRUK.NOBIUTY.  Nickel, bar.  Cadmium   Sodium   Bismuth   Mercury   Antimony ..  Tin    Copper   5 21  3 80  3 20  1 95  1 00  30  25  12  Three ucavIv discovered metals of  value not fixed are not in this list, gallium, neptunium and lavesium, the two  latter discovered in Middlesex county,  Connecticut. Gallium is said to be more  valuable than gold.  ORIGINAL  AMERICAN  ERATES.  DE6EBT-  The extreme southern point of the  American hemisphere is inhabitated by  a curious race of deg*eneratea. It is  the island of Terra del ^Fuego, and its  inhabitants, Avho are called Fuegans,  are among* the loAvest, if they are not  the lowest people on earth.  The men are only live feet high and  the women are not more than four feet  and a half. That this is not due either  to barbarism or to climate is shown by  the fact that the neighboring tribes of  the mainland, the Patagonians,average  Avell up to six feet, Avhile some of them '  For this true nobleness I sock in vain,  In woman and in man I lind il not:  I almost- weary of my earthly lot,  My life-springs are dried up witli burning pain  Thou find'st it not?   I pray thee look again,  Look inward, through the depths of thine own  soul.  How is it.with thee ?  Art thou sound and whole ?  Doth narrow search show thee no earthly stain ?  Be noble ! and tho nobleness that lies"  In other men. sleeping, but never dead,  Will rise in majesty, to meet thine own !  Then wilt thou see it gleam in many eyes,  Then will litiht aiound thy path be shed,  And thou wilt never more be sad and lone.  ���James Russeil Lowell.  Another Shortest Route.  W. Ralph, writing to the Spokesman-  Review from Trail, gives the latest  shortest route to the Klondike:  "Having read the account in your  paper of the route to "the Klondike via  Ashcroft, I might say that there is still  a shorter route, and that is by way of  the Harrison river to Douglas and then  over a splendid road to Cariboo, and  then by trail to Klondike. This is a  much shorter route to the now famous  gold fields than any heretofore suggested in print, and should be considered by  anyone contemplating a trip to Klondike.  NINE WENT, ONE CAME BACK.  A   Colorado   man   who   Went   in   South  America Escaped Alone of his Party.  Denver, Colo.���George W. Adams of  Cripple Creek, arrived in this city from  the gold fields of South America. Fourteen months ago Adams left this city to  try his fortune in South American  mines. He Avent to the gold fields, 300  miles from Georgetown, in company  with eight Americans, remaining there  11 months.     Of,the entire party of nine  he alone escaped death from the fatal  fever. One by one he saw his companions die of the terrible disease; saw a  hole scooped in the ground and their  bodies, twisted from pain, covered with  earth; was tAvice attacked himself with  the malady, and all but died, and finally, after seeing the last of the eight die  in agony, he became terror-stricken and  fled from the country, from Avhich, he  says, not one out of 75 white men ever  return alive.   TOUCHING.  T-nc  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  "One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.  The effect of this is such  As to leave the whole world easier  For somebody else to touch.  ���Detroit Journal.  REDUCING   THE    CHANCES.  The people who are most afraid  Of "duplicating'' charity  Avoid the evil that they fear  By making it a rarity.  ���Chicago Journal.  Large  And  Comfortable  The |  Windsor  Restaurant  IN_NE\V DENVER,  z$g     Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds war ted for  English market.  Send full particulars to  RICHARD PLEWMAN  . Mining Broker, P. O. Box 756, Rossland, B. C.  ~l  Is one of the Bt^t and Aged Cafes  of the  Silvery Slocan.  It was in o}ieration when  Was turned against the country, and, now thatjthe  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  .'..;. A place where any  . ...���. appetite can be satiated,  COMEJEARLY AND AVOID THE;RTjSH.  Jacobson & Co.  J[]|(g SILVERTON, B. C.  Victoria Hotel  Is the leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered,  and  the furni-  fi&?tt>{fc^Jl��       *ure *n use *s ��f ^ie latest  u^^SS^SS       and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  t rovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquvrs  and Cigars. McCONNELL & PURCELL.  y%/^/%i%/%f^^y^/^f^%^,^/^/^^/^^/%i%/%/%/%/%/^'  The Clifton House,  s&XMj&m  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  OTEL SANDON,  annua  3353  azxszx  aacssu  iofthe  In New Denver;  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  <��  <^H>>  2.  Hotel, in New Denver, has been enlarged  and all the rooms plastered. New carpets  and new furniture throughout make the house  a marvel of comfort and elegance. With  28 rooms, and its beautiful situation amidst the  finest scenery in America, this hotel is unsurpassed in all Kootenay.  II. STEGE, Prop.  Sandon, B.C.  HpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  ingten Hetel  Ir Slocan Gity  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th  century,  which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Gething & Henderson.  * ^ ���%- ^ ^ ^ ��& -^ -^ ^ *&, ^ *%,  ^ ^^ ^**V ***&*�� '*^'  -******-��- --"&. "^. -"fe.  v    "fc-    -"V    *"���%���    -"V  8X101  9  !-%.    ���%,    ^    ^  I ���*-   ^   -^  If you are going to the Klondike  -~fe- -**&- -tij>-  ���*^-  ������%���. ^  -*���"&���  --"b. -^. -%.  ^ . '*���&<  *&��� "%'  ^      4*.      ���%-  '*"'���>���      "ft-      "*&      -"-ft-  ****.      -**.-**���  The assessment is $2 in dust  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you. It will cheer you on the  journey to that mecca of gold  seekers.  Mrs. S. S. Warner.  KASLO, B.C.  fliss E. P. Case.  The Lanefoam,  Is a new house, newly furnished in the latest style:   has the benefits of all modern conveniences,'  electric lighted, steam heated, bath rooms, etc.        It has large, airy rooms  and  affords  the most comfortable  and commodious accommodations in the Kootenay. Go direct to The Langham when you arrive in Kaslo,  and get the best room in town at no greater expense.        This house offers special inducements to large parties  or resident families.        Corner 5th and Avenue A.  g'-'**'''**'���^^ 4  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  Fourth Year  >.-/���  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T.  LOWEY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months s .7.'i  Six '���   \.-i:>  Twelve  "        ...;  l'.oo  Thrkk ykaiis ., *. Ti.fiO  Transient Advertising, 20 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per Hue subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every-part of llie Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptahle. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something -rood  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest.  was evicting his tenants.   Democratic ; ministration of the law,   hardly ever  Montreal gave him a lesson,  and an j calls forth a prosecution.  ,���. -,.-.- !    A reference to this unsavery subject  omcial extinction. : should include a protest against the  Hereditary principle found a noble | indiscriminate issue of liquor licenses,  exponent in  the old Gothic warrior jit is manifestly unfair to the proprie-  who declined to accept the doctrines \ tors of well-appointed  hotels to have  of Christianity on the ground that his ! Jhe business cut up by the issuing of  J ,      ,,     .   iten times  the   number   of licensed;  pagan   ancestors   were   already    m | houses required.  Gehenna, and he preferred to join  them, rather than be solitary and  neglected among the seraphim in  Paradise,   and   three-fourths   of the  j Evidently the Provincial treasury,  ! while it has the right to refuse the  ! money tendered for so many unnecessary licenses as it is issuing,  ,, , . i will stop at nothing immoral that will  world stands today just where that j scoop in the shekels.  TBUKSDAY,  SEPT. 16... 1897.  HKUEDITAIiV    KHiHT.  From Republican France we have  the startling news that a movement  to resurrect monarchy is talked of.  The liberal press law of the Republic  tolerates a freedom of speech whic'1  the various reactionary elements;  the clerical, the Bonapartists, the Or-  leanists and the ancients among the  fading burguoise of Louis Phillip's  reign, are fain to take advantage.  Not that any two ot them could sink  their differences so as to combine  upon any rational principle of government, but they agree upon one  thing and that is to find fault with  the present republic���the best form  of government that France ever had,  and when they do agree their factional unanimity is wonderful.  The superstition of hereditary right  is at the bottom of all opposition to  that government by, of, %nd for the  people which finds its broadest expression in true republican government.  This doctrine of hereditary right  has proved in France as elsewhere,  an elaborate vehicle by which the  world shunts its debts and responsibilities,   its prejudices,  crimes,  animosities and everything else that is  bad on to posterity.   The curse of  humanity is that it ever had any ancestors,   considering the deeds   and  chai*acter of ancestors in general the  folly   of this proceeding passes description..    The hereditary  principle  is the basis of landlordism, for under  it men assume to dispose of the right  of other men yet unborn to use the  soil, in defiance of the obvious law  that every generation of humanity  has an equal title to the earth, and  that no one can sell the just claims of  posterity itself into personal slavery.  It is also the basis ot monopoly, for by  it  accumulated fortunes are passed  down from father to son and ninety-  nine per cent, of mankind are born  to hopeless toil in order that one per  cent, may be born to affluence.  It is the corner-stone of monarchy  and aristocracy, for a fatuous world  has taken it for granted, if one man  has risen to power by conspicuous  merit or fraud or force or lying, that  it must endure his descendants for all  time, or else get aid of them by violence, and on the same principle it  might as reasonably have resolved  that if one man be hanged then his  descendants should likewise be hanged till the family becomes extinct.  Also, it is the groundwork of patriotism���that costly and questionable  virtue, which consists chiefly in plundering another nation for the benefit  of our Dwn, and embezeling someone  else's country that our country may  become larger, and in enslaving some  feeble race in the sacred name of  liberty.  The history of Canada���modern  though it is���can furnish brilliant  illustrations of the divine right of  hereditary. The Hudson's Bay Company has left us a legacy of rascality  in politics and politicians some of  whom as titled "lords" and gods in  the pantheon of shoddy aristocracy,  will transmit to an already overbur  dened and disgusted posterity the  evil odor of their names. The C.P.R.  also, although universally regarded  by the people of Canada as an incubus ; a very octopus which, is daily  corrupting the commercial, moral and  physical life of the nation, will no  doubt���in the divine right or heredity  ���have its official head raised to the  peerage. We shall then be able to  read in our * 'Burke" that the great  VAN has been coroneted under the  title of Marquis of Tin-Horn and Hereditary Grand Duke of Canada.  Old-timers will be remembered of  more than one of our past titled gov  ernors who were rotten-egged. In  70 the Most Noble the Marquis of  Landsdowne w*is so saluted in the  streets of Montreal. His hereditary  marquisate was about his only quali  fication tor the position of Queen's  representative in Canada. Hereditary Right also gave him the title to  vast tracts of land in Ireland from  which (luring his viceregency hero lie  old Goth  ago.  did fifteen  hundred  years  Pro. Bono Publico.  A man broke into an hotel at Three  Forks one night last week, assaulted  the landlady, tore part of her clothes  off and raised a general disturbance.  When brought before two local mag-  THK BANK OF ENGLAND AND SILVER.  oetreal  London Sept. 11.���The "Times"  this morning in an article from a $  special correspondent in whose accur- f  acy it says it has reason to place con- ^  fidence, makes the important an noun- j. j  istrates at Sandon he was taxed $40, | cement that the Bank of England's j f  including costs. In proportion to'this j directors have consented to hold one- j ^  rate how much damage would the !J,f,th of,f.hf Bank's reserve in silver. I *  c.    j       ���      ��� .   .       .7 .    The article,   which is headed,   "Re-  Sandon  magistrates allow a man to '  do for $100? They are both nice men  but this style of dealing out justice is  too weak for a mining camp. It has  a tendency to encourage rowdyism  and make our justice mills the laugh  ing stock of the whole country.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund   :    :     6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland. Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted  -^^���%^%--%^.^-^t^-^ ^-v^-^^^-^^v^^^  IT-XEG-AT.,    AWVERTISIX**.  According to the Amended Mineral  Act,of 1897 it is necessary for applicants for certificate of improvements  to advertise the same inj a paper published and circulated in the mining  division in which the claim is situated. It no paper is published in the  division then thet nearest paper to  the location of the claim. At present  several claim owners are not complying with this section of the mineral  act. Seyeral claim owners on Cariboo  creek have violated this law and in  consequence not ��ne of the applications for certificate of improvements  monstrance," says:   "Has the Bank | wa8 a   ,inster    d, th   ofcher had be(iU  been well advised in falling in   with  three times .married, and each of her  the suggestion pushed forward by cer-  '    -  tain Americans, that it should' hold  one-fifth of its reserve in silver?! Perhaps the assent was given  in  very  guarded terms; perhaps, it was done  to ��blige  certain  persons;    perhaps,  it was considered an act of intermit  husbands had  been  in turn cremated,  .whereupon the spinster remarked :  "How marvelous and inscrutable are  the ways of Providence. Here liave I  been for (50 years seeking a husband  and vou have had husbands to burn."  . .     i    Teacher���Now, children, we will have  lonal courtesy. There may have been our verses. First small child (repeating-  this or that reason to excuse and ex-1 verse)���He that hath ears to hear let  tenuate: but the broad plain truth is I him hear* Very good, Now, the next  that in the existing circumstances lit;Hc bo-y- Sma11 bo>r (fcakin&his cue)  the Bank ought to have set its face ���He that hath a noth to shmell let him  enmhatienllv iP-m'mf- nnv snoh nntinn' shmelll. Great confusion among the  ^JV^^f^i-^T^y sa-CA notion  kinders.-Chautauqua Assembly   Her-  "     "  t01 aid. "  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  and has not done so. It is useless  contend that the plan is stamped with  the permission of the Bank's Charter  Act and the authority of Sir Robert  Peel. It is equally useless to remember that at the Paris monetary conference in 1881, the Bank, on the suggestion of Italy and the United States,  gave some sort of a promise that  should international bimetallism be  established it might allow the reap-  perauce of silver bullion as an asset  in the Issue Department of the Bank.  The reasons which actuated Sir Robert Peel have no   application to the  She seemed to be troubled.  If I marry you, she said at last, do  you think you could dress me? Papa  says he is. "sure you couldn't begin to  do it. ".:-������������.'..  Why, I���I don't know, he answered,  hesitatingly. If you wished, I'd be perfectly willing'-' to try, you know, but���  er���er���wouldn't you prefer a maid?���  Chicas'o Post.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of thc largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware In West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  in my line.  in the Arrow Lake Division this year] present circumstances. It is important  are legal.  Another act has been declared  illegal. It is that when a notice of  intention to apply for a certificate of  improvements contains the notice of  application of more than one mineral  claim, it is illegal. A Nelson paper  reports the decision as follows :  "A question touching the legality  of notices of improvement, on which  issuance of crown grants are based,  was discussed in'Mr. Justice Drake's  court on Wednesday. The opinion  handed down was to the effect that  when a notice of intention to apply for  a certificate' of improvement contains  the notice of application of more than  one mineral claim, the notice is  illegal. The argument before the  court on Wednesday was on the motion of the "Contact and Excelsior"  mineral claims for leave to issue writ.  The Excelsior people applied for a  certificate of improvement on which  to obtain a Crown grant, but on account of the illegality of the notice as  it appeared in the Gazette, the Judge  allowed the ''Contact" owners to  bring their motion for leave to issue  writ."  to remember that the concessions of  1881 was immediately seized upon as  an important British declaration in  favor of bi-metallism and has been  handled as an annoyance against her  ever since. We do not live in 1844  and ought to learn wisdom from the  experience of 1881. Now-a-days it  would be useless for the Bank of England to keep ��7,000,000 or ��8,000,000'  in the shape of silver reserve as it  would be for Parliment to pass a law  for the creation of rotten boroughs.  The Bank of England ought to have  said this, and has not said it. Sir Robert Peel explained in 1844 that- it  was well to hold silver so as to be in  a position to enjoy the opprotunity  afforded us by bi metallic France to  pay our debts in cheaper metal.  But what lias this to do with the pre  sent American suggestion? The very  Do you think you could stand the cold  in Alaska?  Yes; I once courted a Boston girl.  Silverton  Drug  Store  HOTELiS OF  KOOTEJ-lJlY  THE NEWMARKET,  New Denver, ��� H. Stege  ���ST. JAMES.  . i  Highway robbery occurred for the  first time in the Slocan this week.  The Slocan is well adapted for the  hold-up business. There are many  convenient points on the different  trails and wagon roads where energetic villains could easily force an  uprising of hands. Let us have  plenty of it. Perhaps the sleepy  police administration of this Province  would then wake up and drive out  all the toughs now so common in  Kootenay.  PUBLIC   MORALITY.  point of it is that our reserve is to consist permanently partly of silver so  that we may assist in raising its price j  so that we could dispose of it at a pro- i  fit to France. America is to do the  very thing under the proposed scheme  that under international bi-metallism  we could not do. The circumstances  are quite different. Where Peel may  have been wise we should be exceedingly foolish, for the only dubious  point of our financial system is the  very occasional weakness of our gold  reserve at the Bank of England. Why  should we deliberatly choose to water  that reserve by practically reducing  it one fifth? Sir Robert Peel's other  reason was that a stock of silver  might occasionally be convenient for  shipment to the far East, but since  the telegraph was invented that  reason no longer exists. We can order silver from anywhere in a few  seconds and as London is the principal silver market of the whole world,  we need no stock at trie Bank."  The "Times" commenting editorially on what it called "Dramatic  Surprises," says the astonishment of  the public will be immeasurably  greater than at the action of the India  Council. This revolutionary policy,  for it is nothing less as our correspondent describes it, applies to the stock  ot coin and bullion held in the Issue  Department as security for Bank  notes.  New Denver,  Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver. A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  R. Cunning  Blazer Cigars.  R. O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  . C.  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  KssflVuhs of S. G.  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  ALLEGED   HUMOR  deal like a eig'ar  Character is a good  after all.  Row so ?  Well, rankness often  passes  strength.���Cliicairo Journal.  off  for  i    Perhaps he isn't all he might be, but  I he stood  by me in  the  hour of trial,  j and "  i    -What was lie, an officer of the court?"  j���Chicago Journal.  'These colleges," said tlie old man,  To The Editor.  Dear Sir,���It is about time that  those who are interested in the  future welfare of the Slocan district should take vigorous steps to  stem the  tide of immorality which  flaunts itself barefaced in almost  every one of our centres of population  It is not too early to call attention  to the fact that the various townships and ''cities" in this district are  laying the foundation  ot the future  degree of decency that will prevail. ; <..    .. ,-,  -.,.       .   ... ,,  It is not because we are an aggrega- j ^^^ate^n\ele^J^  tion of raining camps that our streets ��� ^ an�� h;xngi.d cf the old woman ain't  are to be polluted by the ribald mirth j a-i-idin' of a bievkile in britches !"������ At-  and coarseness of the gay traviattes ] lanta Constitution.  and their cohorts to an extent that  renders it impossible for a respectable  woman to venture abroad at all times.  The extent to which these lewd  characters are permitted and openly  encouraged to stand and drink and  treat at hotel bars is no credit to the  houses which allow such proceedings.  As it is a clear  violation of the law  regulating the  sale  of intoxicants in j    D;nvson fict.];m,s that if he marries at  licensed houses it ought to be openly j an |ie will wed a widow,  pronounced upon  by   all self-respect-.    Yes. that is like him ; he is too lazy to  ing men. and  the practice promptly '��� do any of the corn-ting himself.���Tit-  checked by the prosecution of offend-1 Bits.  The  Nakusp  Sawmill  Having placed some new* machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Reduced Prices  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  FRANK   DICK,  Slocan City.  PRICE  LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  ������ wide.  Joist and Scantling, sized up to  18 feet long,  8 ' to 21 '  21 'to 30 '  Flooring, T &G.0 "  " ���<     4 "  V joint Ceiling. J  " Rustic,  Shiplap,  Surfaced Dressed,  $10 00  Sll 00 to 12 ..  11 ..  12 ..  13 .'.  20 ..  22  22  1!) !.'  14 ..  13 ..  \ liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & Co  QM. WOOD WORTH, M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCE!i, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  F. W. GROVES,  CIVIL and MINING ENGINEER,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface arm  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C  To the inhabitants  of New Denver  and all  Slocan Lake  Points:  Many have received BENEFIT  from   my Optical   Department,  Why not You?  Yon who have tried common  Spectacles in vain, and suffered from eye strain, causing  Nervous Headache, Etc.  It will pay yon to come to  SANDON and have your cyos  properly tested and fitted with  suitable glasses.  This is the only remedy when  your trouble arises from Defective Eyesight, and should,  he attended to at once. I have  one of the best trial cases made  and can give you the best service.  Eyes tested Free.  G. W. GRIMMETT,  Jeweler and Optician, Sandon, B.C.  Brandon, B. 0,  Assay Price List  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined.   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Copper (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper.   Silver and Copper.   Gold, Silver and Copper.    Platinum      Mercury   Iron or Manganese...'.',   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal).........  .  Tonus: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th, 1895.  $1.50  3 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  2 50  2 50  3 00  f> 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  4 0  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D.  MITCHELL  'Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  it  The Minister���Brother Jones was a  worthy man and a good Christian.  The Deacon���Yes, indeed. Before he  died lie forgave the crime of 78.  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M. London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for  tending purchasers.  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  La d Surveyor.  D  R. A. S. MARS    . ~L.  -Yes,I have known  all   night   playing  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory,  vue ave. New Denver, B C.  Belle-  Summer Boarder-  people to stay up  Dokcr  Farmer���Do tell.    It must  be as in-   R. E' PALMER. C-E  terestin' as checkers.���Puck  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  ers and the lorfeiture of licences.  The renting of houses for immoral  purposes, no less than the sale of land  or buildings to persons of such ill repute is a violation of all moral and  statute law which though the lax ad-  .iustice���Well, prisoner. Avhat have  ymi got to say for yourself:1  Prisoner���I don't know, your honor.  What would you say ?  Two old ladies were discussing the  misfortunes  and  chances  of life.'"One  M WILLIM & JOHNSON.  IJT (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan  City.   Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  r] TIE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  x No. 71,  NEW DENVER,  B. C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soe. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.  Kaslo, B. C.  The new addition to the   Meets every Saturday night.  C.   McNICHOLLS,    President  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  F.  G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  W. S. DltEWKY  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. TwiGG  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  P, r.  Nakusp, B.C.  T LFE   INSURANCE.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Ont  offers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profitable investment.  The Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets -r3,-10i,S)08.  Full information liy application to  VV. D. MITCHELL, Agent,    New Denver, B.C _; i^BUEpC *sw^.^^l  ���-V  Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  IN  TIME  OF SORROW.  t cannot think you dead. It must be only  That you hare traveled far. ���  And -while J find my path on earth more lonely  My sky has gained a star���  A star whose place in heaven I see more plainly  Because -with me 'tis night.  Yet through my tears I sometimes see it vainly  And cannot dud its light.  ���Katharine L. Ferris in Harper's Magazine.  worth ol worii to get 6 cents* worm or  str.tr ���ut of a 15 cent package and in  addition had/suffered a full dollar's  worth of -mental torture.  He was not in good humor when he  reached home.���Chicago Post.  HE   FELT SMALLEST.  The Story of a Married   Man's Visit  to a  Grocery Store,  There are occasions when a man feels  small, there are occasions xrhen he feels  smaller and there are occasions when  he feels smallest. This tale deals with  one of the last mentioned.  He had been instructed to get something at one of the large grocery houses  in the business section of the city, "because," as his wife explained it, "they  don't keep it out here."  Ho i��i:d also boen instructed to ge$  just two pounds of it, "because," as  his wife a*i;.in explained, "I merely  wish to try it and son whether it is an  improvement  upon  what   I   am   now  XlKJllg."  Then she wrote the name on a slip of  paper for him, for she had learned by  experioiiee not to trust to his memory,  and informed him that she didn't know  how much it would cost, but that it  certainly would not bo very much, to  which lie responded that he was glad  of chat, for the reason that he had only  ��� littlo change with him.  So it happened that he drifted into  one of the big retail grocery houses that  afternoon, pulled out a scrap of paper  with the name of what he wanted on  it, handed it to a clerk and said he'd  take two pounds.  The clerk looked a little surprised  and asked if he couldn't use five  pounds-, as tho stuff came in five pound  packages, but he felt confident that his  wife knew her business, and besides he  could not forget that he only had about  $1.75 in change in his pocket anyway,  so he coldly informed the clerk that he  knew what he wanted and how muoh  he wanted and that he saw'no reason  for  wasting  his  hard earned  cash on  The Best Man.  An actor told a .story the other evening about a fencing master in London,  who had two sons. Both of them, like  the father, were physical giants.  Which was the .stronger and better  fighter was a disputed question until a  burglar got into the house one night.  One of the sous, opening the front door  with a latchkey late at night, found the  intruder in the hall. They immediately clinched.  The'other brother, hearing the noise,  rushed down stairs, and, not being able  in the dark to distinguish a burglar  from a worthy and honest citizen of  London, pioceeded to pound both men  Whom he ran against.  Meanwhile brother number one,  thinking there wc ;e two burglars in the  house, turned half, of his attention to  the new enemy, and the fight became  desperate.  The father, awakened by the uproar,  rushed down stairs with a heavy walking stick. Then the fight was something  to admire, but to avoid.  When it was all over and the gas was  lighted by the aged fencing master, it  was discovered that he had whipped  not only the burglar, but his two sons.  ������Pearson's Weekly.  NOTICE.  r.iu<��n<'.<; Authorizing an Kxtra Proviiici  Company to Carry on Business.  N(  I  "Companies Act, 18!)7."  Canada, 1  Province of British Columbia. I  o. Ji/97. . ' ���  "���HIS IS TO CERTIFY, that "The West  Kootenay fB.C.) Exploring and Mining  Company, Limited,*' is authorized and licensed  to carry on business within the Province of  British Columbia.  The head office of the Company is situate in  Scotland, ,.  Tlie amount of the capital of the company is  .��.50,000, divided into 50,000 shares of ��1 each.  The head office of the Company in this Province is situate in Silverton, and DavidBrem-  ner, whose address is Silverton, 'W est Koote  nay, British Columbia, is the Attorney for the  more than   that just because they were i coi'in"*I1l>'- 7   ,',.,., ,     ,  -    , ���,,���... ., ,   ������>    The objects for which the company has been  fools enough to put it up an large paok- j established and so licensed are:  j (1.) To adopt and carry out, with or without  * modification, an agreement between Aloxan-  | der Hamilton Bremner, stockbroker, Glasgow,  I of the first part, and Henry Forrister, sjtook-  I broker there, as trustee for and on behalf of  I this company, of thc second part, dated 12th  ! March, 1897, providing for the purchase liy the  ! company of certain mineral claims, mining  rights, and others therein described, including  ages.  "The clerk said "All right" and broke  the live pound package to get the necessary two pounds. Then it suddenly  dawned upon the young man that in  view of the bluff he had made he would  be in a very awkward position if the  two pounds came to more than his  $i.7'o. He recalled that his wife had  said   that   it wouldn't*, cost very much,  the mineral claims and mining interests in  the "Exchange" group, "Bachelor" group,  i and "Wakefield" group, all in the Slocan  ! Mining District of West Kootenay, British  i Columbia, with the plant, houses, and others,  I and the whole other rights and appurtenances  of the said mineral claims and others, alias  but  she  had said  the same thing once  alcr.t a hcimet, and he had never plaoed j referred to in the said agreement  n.-. i Vj ������������������    ���  thii:  be:  mr  t c{  .villi in her views of the value of  since.   However, he made  the  the  situation and asked "How  without u trace of nervousness.  "71.iee cents a pound," answered the  . clerk-. .  ���That was when he experienced the  sup *.-..���*.'.'vo of the adjective "small."  B< ;    ii i u t hr h:*d made about 20 cents'  (���2) To acquire, explore, open and work  i claims or mines, and to raise, dig and quarry  | for gold, silver, minerals, ore and coal, earth  j and other valuable substances, in British  j Columbia, or elsewhere, anil either absolutely  l or conditionally, and either solely or jointly,  or with others:  I (3) To carry on in all its branches the busi-  j ness of a mineral or mining company, mer-  ! chants, agents, storekeepers, farmers, stock-  i men, graziers, carriers, transport agents,  | builders, contractors and brickmakers, and to  j carry on any other business or businesses  j which miay seem to the company capable of  being conveniently carried on in connection  { with the above, or calculated to develop, en-  j hance fie value of, or render profitable the  i property and rights of the company:  (i.) To acquire from time to time, bypur-  ; chase, lease or otherwise, such lands, mines,  | works, ouildings,easements, machinery, plant  | and stock-in-trade, and also any concessions,  : claims, licenses, patents, trade marks, mon-  : opolies, rights, privileges or authorities of  | and over mines, mining rights, land, mineral  I properties, water and other rights in British  j Columbia or elsewhere, as may be necessary  I or convenient to enable the company to carry  ���! on its business, and that either absolutely or  ! conditionally, and either solely or jointly with  ; others:  !     I*"*-,),    To   acquire   liy  purchase,    concession,  j lease, hire, charter or otherwise, or to erect,  | construct,    carry   out,   maintain,    improve,  | work,   control   and   superintend  any   roads,  ' ways, bridges, machinery, works, houses, rail-  | ways,   reservoirs,   water-courses,   tramways,  | aqueducts, wharves, furnaces, mills, quarries,  j pits, crushing works,  hydraulic  works, elec-  j trical, chemical, and mechanical works, fac-  | tories,   warehouses,   steam  or   sailing ships,  ! boring,   hauling  or  other machinery,  appli-  ! ances or engines, and other works and con-  I veniences   which   may   seem   directly or  in-  directly conducive to  any of the objects of the  ! company:   and to contribute to,  subsidise, or  i otherwise aid or take part in  any such opcr-  j ations, whether the same belong to tlie < oin-  ; pany or to any other company or person:  i     (ii.)   To search for,  win, get. quarry, reduce  I amalgamate, calcine, dress, refine, and   pre-  j pare   for  market auriferous   quartz,   silver,  I minerals, ore, diamonds anil  precious stones,  i coal, earth,   and "ther   valuable  substances,  ! and generally to carry on   any metallurgical  | operations which may seem conducive to any  ! of the objects of the company:  I    (7.)   To  buy, sell, refine, manufacture, and  ! deal in bullion, specie, coin, precious metals,  minerals, plant, machinery, implements, provisions, goods, draperies, and things capable  of being used  in  connection with  any of the  operations or  works of the company, or required by workmen and   others employed by  company, or which the directors for the time  being may think fit to deal  in or dispose of in  the districts where the company's works or  any of them may be carried on:  OS.) To purchase, subscribe towards; and  erect churches, halls, dwellings, hospitals, or  other charitable or other institutions or conveniences for work people; and to make donations to such persons and for such objects  as may be thought conducive to the objects of  the company.  ('.).) To establish, manage, and assist chemical and assaying laboratories for analytical  and testing purposes, particularly for analysing and . testing the valuable substances  specified or referred to in this article, and  generally to carry on, and promote the objects  of mineralogists, metallurgists, and amalgamators:  (10.) To acquire, carry on and undertake all  or any part of the business, property, and  liabilities of any person or company carrying  on business similar to that which this company Is authorised to carry on, or possessed of  property or rights suitable for any of the purposes of this company.  dl.) To enter into partnership or into any  arrangement for sharing profits, union of interest, reciprocal concession, joint adventure  or otherwise, or amalgamate with any person  or company carrying on, or about to carry on,  any business similar to that which this company is authorized to carry on, or any business or transaction capable of being conducted so as to directly or indirectly to benefit  this company.  (li'.) To acquire any invention capable of  being used for any of the purposes of the company, and to acquire any letters patent, brevets d'invention, privileges, monopolies or  concessions of an analogous character,  whether granted by the United Kingdom of  Great Britain or British Columbia, or by any  other country, in respect to any such invention.  (l.'i.) To acquire and grant licenses to work  and use any inventions which the company is  authorized to acquire:  (11.) To sell, lease, mortgage, abandon  claims and rights, dispose of, give in exchange,  turn to account, or otherwise deal with all or  any part of the property and rights of the  company, including the sale or other alienation, and the granting of powers to work any  mines, claims, interests or rights of the company on any terms which may from time to  time be deemed lit:  (lo.) To sell the undertaking, property, and  rights of the company, or any part or parts  thereof, from time to time, for such consideration as the company may  think fit,   and in  particular for cash, shares, stock, debentures,  debenture stock, property or secureties of any  other company having objects altogether or in  part similar to those of this company.  (1G.) To buy, sell, and to make profits by  dealing in claims, mines, lands, properties,  rights and interests, and to develop and work  and otherwise turn the same to account, and  for this purpose to determine how much of the  proceeds of sale or realization of any such  claims, mines, lands, properties, rights, and  interests are to be deemed capital, and how  much profit, and to distribute any such profits  among the members in cash or otherwise:  (17.) To promote, form, and be interested in  any other company, syndicate and partnership  from time to time, whose objects shall include  the acquisition and taking over of all or any  of the property and liabilities of this company  and to transfer to any such , company any  property of this company, and to take or otherwise acquire, hold, or dispose of shares, stock,  debentures, debenture 'stock, property, or  other secureties in or of any such company,  and to subsidise or otherwise assist any such  company:  (IS.) To invest and deal with any moneys of  the Company not immediately required for  carrying on the business of the company, upon  such secureties and in such manner as may  from time to time be determined, and to realise, vary, reinvest, or otherwise deal with such  securities as may from time to time be determined:  (19.) To lend money to any person or company, and on such terms as may seem expedient, and in particular to any person or company having dealings with this company, and  to guarantee the performance of contracts by  any such person or company.  (2(1.) To remunerate any person or company  for services rendered in or about the promotion, formation, establishment, or registra:  tion of the company, or'placing or assisting to  place any of the shares, capital, or any debentures or other securities of the company:  (21.) To draw, accept, make, indorse, execute, issue, discount, and negotiate bills of exchange, promissory notes, cheques, and other  negotiable or transferable instruments:  (22.) To borrow or raise money in such  manner as the company shall think fit, and in  particular by the issue of debentures, debenture stock, mortgage bonds, perpetual or otherwise), preference, or other, shares of stock,  charged upon the whole or any part of the  property, assets or revenue of the company  (both present and future) including its uncalled capital:  (23.) To sell, feu, improve, manage, develop,  lease, mortgage, dispose of, turn to account  or otherwise deal with, all or any part of the  lands, property or rights of the company:  (21.) To procure the company to be registered  or recognized in British Columbia (or elsewhere,  as may from time to time be determined.):  (25.) To do all or anv of the above things in  any part of the world, and in particular in  British Columbia (and in Great Britain), and as  principal agents, contractors, or otherwise, or by  and through trustees, agents, or otherwise, and  either aloiie or in conjunction with others:  (2(i.) To distribute amongst the members any  of the property of the company without conversion into money, or any proceeds of sale or disposal of any property ol the company:  (27.) To do all such other things as are incidental or conducive to the attninment of the  above objects.  Given under my hand and seal of office, at  Victoria, in the Province of British Columbia,  this 4th day of August, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven.  [r..s.] S. Y. WOOTTOX,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  Slocan  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove. j  For further information apply to��� j  J. E. Brouse, M.D., I  New Deny er, B.C.    \  Can not do better than place their  orders with us. Perfect fit and  good work guaranteed.  M. A. WILSON,  The i-..viable Slocan Tailor.  Williamson Block, New Denver, B.C  NOTICE  Official Administrators'Act.  SchedubvA.  In the County Court of Kootenay.  In the Matter of Francisco di Michele, deceased,  and in the Matter of the "Official /Vdminis-  trators' Act."     .  .,,Date.d 28th day of August, A.D., 1897.  UPON reading the affidavits of James Ferguson  Armstrong, William Thomlinson and Arch  angele di Michele, it is ordered, that James Ferguson Armstrong, Official Administrator for the  County Court, District of Kootenay, shall be Administrator of all and singular the goods, chattels  and credits of Francisco di Michele, deceased.  And this order be published in the New Denver  Lkdkk for two weeks.  J. A. FORI)*-:, Judge.  Iskai..]  BOURNE    ]  BROS.,       j  DEALERS IN 3  GENERAL \  MERCHANDISE,     *  MINERS' \  SUPPLIES,       Jj  I   DOORS, SASH,   \  V OATS,   BRAI**,   L.TC. *)  I   NEW DENVER,   \  ElOCAsfo,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do you want Anything in the way  of Printing Material.  001 wtfi,'theToronto Type  Foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.CCR0ME, Agfent,  CJfi Cordova Street,  jz,u       VANCOUVER. B.C.  R. STRATHERN.  Je-weler  w -,-  ��llllf�� 011111�� 01)111/3 G)|||f��> <3>  DR. A. MILLOY,  ��  Room 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  ��G/JMlseJJIlHS  f&JJ^  KASLO CITY.  The only Practical Watchmaker  nay   District.    Orders by mail  attention:  in ^tlie  ee'eive  B.C  Koote-,  promp  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GrOETTSCHE & MAGNTJSON,PropS  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of Suitinn's and  Trouserings aJwavs on I.i and.  Now or> tfye Market.  Black Prince,  Cold Blow,  Alpine,  Cameroiiian,  Alexandra,  Scenic,  SitLievtecI ii? tl?e HeevFt of tl?e l^eroor? ��peek &old Mir?es.  Plenty of Good Timber  Tuuo beaatifal lakes near the Shores of hemon Greek  ��-  A beautifully situated townsite, surrounded by Gold Mines.  :��  Perfect Title to all property.  Prici^Df Lots from $50 to;$150 each.  Lucky George,  JVlaple Leaf,  Crusader,  Howard Fraction,  Sundown Fraction  and many others.  SL-.O0.KN 0ITY,  3. e.  AGENTS. 6  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  Fourth Year  vr  & Tested HAWc-PoWcwe  THE AGNOSTIC STYLE OF COURTING.  fair.  From the Philadelphia Times.  The first time Jack Kerens of Chicago, electrician, met Miss Boteler in  Boston he-was delighted.  "At last," he thought, "I hare met  the ideal Boston girl, coldly intellectual, rigidly precise, overwhelmingly correct." And being a blase young man to  ���whom a new sensation was a boon, he  devoted himself to her assiduously.  The next time he saw her he made up  his mind that he had seen a good many  girls in his time, but never one with  more life, verve and swing than seemed  characteristic of this same young lady.  He watched her in curious astonishment. "What an exuberant, magnificent  little animal she is!" he thought. "But  where is the other one?"  With characteristic Ohicagoan directness he launched at his point at the earliest opportunity.  "I beg your pardon," he said, "but I  never saw two girls so different as you  the other night and today, let alone one  girl. Is either of them you? What's  your idea for that sort of thing?"  Miss Grace looked at him in admiration.  "What  bad form yon are!"  she said  in  a  tone of great satisfaction.   " It is  rery seldom I am asked about it in that  brutally frank fashion.   To reward you  for it I believe I will  tell you the facts  in the case.   I know it seems, quite unbelievable,   but  both   are me.    A long  time ago I and  the people close around  me discovered   that I had two distinct  personalities���the one quiet, solid, intellectual,   the   other   frivolous, light  and worldly.   Understand, they are not  moods, but distinct personalities, whioh  come and go as they please, while I am  simply the helpless  vehicle  for them.  Of course both have been a trifle modified by being educated and environed as  one individual, but still  they have different  tastes   in dress,   aims,   amusements, everything.   People  say that I  'try to  appear  striking,' that I  'pose'  and all sorts of things.   Very few know  the  trnt-b^or would  believe it if  thej-  did.    Are  you psychological enough to  appreciate the situation? I don't know,  though.   Chicago people are so grossly  materialistic."  "By Jove, but that's unique!" he  exclaimed, ignoring the slur. "I never  met a girl yet who afforded variety  enough to be interesting for any length  of time. Now, you are genuinely two  girls, with the added piquancy of never  knowing which you will be and without the trials attending the cultivating  of two girls. Be assured I do appreciate  "she situation and you, too," which  was a remark he would never have  made to the other girl, and therein lay  the vivid zest of his wooing. He was  obliged to court her in such ��� varied  styles. He wondered when he came to  the proposal which girl it would be to  and how he would do it, but he finally  ascertained that when a man is in exceeding earnest he proposes according to  himself and not the girl.  Before Jack was married it comfort-  , ed him greatly to think his wife would  never grow monotonous to him; that he  should not be obliged to meet a stereotype individuality all the days of his  life.  Two instances shortly after his marriage confirmed his impression. Jack  was the nominal head of the Chicago  electrical house, but it was heavily  backed by a New York man, who came  in quite unexpectedly one day. He was  a solid old gentleman with no nonsense  about him and a stern disapproval of it  .in any one else.  Jack, to whom his approval was a  consideration, took him up to dinner to  meet his new wife. It seemed to him  the young woman had never Speared  bo frivolous, gay and inconsequent in  all his acq -aintance with her. "If it  had only been the other one tonight,"  he groaned.  He could see the disapproval gathering on the old gentleman's face. After  dinner, over the cigars, he remarked:  "Kerens, that wife of yours is a pretty  creature, but I don't know. I am  afraid���women are terribly undermining creatures some times." And Jack  saw a long vista of cheese paring surveillance in the future which tried his  ��oul.  The other was a cosmopolitan young  friend of J'ick's who appreciated the  worid and the flesh above the fine arts.  He, too, went to dinner and met a Bos-  tonesquo highly intellectual, rigidly  formal Mrs. Jack, who froze the blood  in his veins.  "Why couldn't she have been the  other one this time?" again he groaned.  Some way the imp of perversity  seemed to run things most of the time.  She was so often to his moods "the other one." He began to feel like a shuttlecock between two battledoors.  Not being born to suffer in silence,  one day he said irritably: "I wish  you'd try and be one or the other,  Irrace, long enough for me to begin to  reel at home. Then, too, when I want  you to be one of you you are always the  other."  ' 'That never bothered you before we  were married," Grace suggested.  ' 'No. Before a man is married he sort  of eliminates his own moods. He simply takes the impressions the girl is giving him without any counter current of  bis own.  Afterward, of course, he takes  hia innings. Now, before we were married I thought your unexpectedness  would correct the monotony of married  life. It does, but there is just the trouble. A man finds out that he wants hia  married life to be monotonous. He gets  enough of the other outside. Tlie unexpected in matrimony is not desirable. It  keeps him jumping around like a  toad  tuarlar a. harranxr  ''  ' 'I am very sorry," said Grace sim-  plv, "but I don't see how it can be  helped."  In a dim way, though, Jack did. The  thought seet'ied, and he worked in the  wire meshed laboratory of the electrical  building down town days and nights  too.  He came home one day with a blaze  in his eyes and triumph in his face.  "Grace," he said, "I hold the millennium in my hand. I have discovered  something which will adjust the world.  In studying away to equalize your temperamental peculiarities the thing has  revealed itself in all its magnificence. I  will take you down to the laboratory  tonight and explain it."  In the electric gemmed laboratory  that night Jack explained.  "The foundation of it all," he said,  "is the X ray. Well, science is beginning dimly to realize the wonderful  pewers of that ray. They have found  that, turned on the parts of the body in  which they swarm, it will kill the microbes of disease. Now, I have reasoned  this way. There are fluids filling the  brain cells which are charged with all  the human passions as they predominate  in the individual. They are a part of  life. All life must have organism. All  organism is composed of microbes. There  you have it. Isn't it simple? Be carer  ful; don't touch the machine. You  might hurt it. There is a secret in it,  in the manipulation of the ray, which I  have barely caught. It is what does the  business and will make me famous.  "You don't understand it? Why, it  is this way: You turn it on a person's  head and you kill the predominate microbes. For instance, there is a big,  brutal truck driver about here; swears  like a pira' * all the while. I got him  in here, fixed him in the chair and  turned the ray on him. When he got  up, his who..s countenance was changed.  He looked like a Quaker. Then there's  old Rogers. He'd skin a flea for its  hide and tallow. Gets a 5 cent glass of  milk for lunch every day. I fixed his  head this morning, and he bought a 50  cent lunch. I saw him get it. Then I  tried Miss May, our typewriter. She's a  mighty pretty, vain, flirtatious little  girl."  "She is," interposed Mrs. Kerens.  "Now, my darling, as regards yourself, when o*"e of you is in I will turn  on the ray and reduce your extreme  characteristics a trifle. Then I will  serve the of>er in its turn in the same  way. In tb7*t way you will become one  very charming person, and a fellow will  have a little idea what to expect when  he comes home to dinner."  "Yes; that will be very nice," said  Mrs. Kerens. "Will you show me how  it works?"  "It is very simple," Jack explained.  "But be careful; it is so delicate. Do  you see now how it is handled? This  chair the patient sits in is another little  invention of mine. It looks ordinary,  but a person sits down this way. The  head naturally falls into this place for  it. Now, very often they may be unwilling to take the test when they  know what it is, but just hook that  wire behint' on the back of the chair,  and they are belted around with such a  strong electric current no mortar could  break through, so they have to stay until you fix them. Did you hook it on?  Oh, I say, Grace, unhook it. What are  you going to do with the machine?"  Mrs. Kerens leveled it at him deliberately.  "I am going to kill off a few of  those microbes' of coi.ceit for you and  see if I cannot reduce your head a little  too."  Jack writhed in agony.  "Grace, for heaven's sake, stop!  Don't! I hav no predominate microbes.  That's the fault, with the machine.  Turn it on a perfectly well balanced  person, and it might reduce him to  either idiocy or leave him in a comatose  state."  "I don't think myself there'll be  much left when I kill the microbes I  mentioned.'' And she calmly continued  her manipulations.  "Grace, don't, don't! What can I  say?"  She regarded him coolly.  "You might say that you are and  will continue to be perfectly satisfied  with me as I am, whatever way it is,  and you might say that I can mash this  old machine."  He started up, then fell back, with a  shriek of agony.  "No, no!    he shuddered.  "Very wr-ll." Again she leveled it.  "Grace, don't you see I may become  a driveling idiot?"  "Yes; I know. You don't drivel  now, but that won't make very much  difference if yon only keep your handkerchief by you. There, now, I am  ready."  "Mash it, mash it!" he yelled.  "No, on second thought I believe I'd  rather try it.    Now, be  a good boy and  take  your medicine.    Let  me see���self  esteem���yes, there's the bump."  The expression of painful apprehension faded slowly from his face.  "How very deft you are, Grace," he  said admiringly. He seemed to have  forgotten the concentrating rays and  Was gazing at his wife.  She disconnected the chair and touched the instrument gently.  "Now, Jack, dear, you may try it on  me."  "Try it on you, darling. Why should  I? You don't need it. There isn't a single microbe in your dear little head  which I'd h;.ve disarranged."  He looked carelessly at the microbi-  cide on the table. !  "Come, let us  go home.    I like your j  jolly mood, Grace, but then you are delightful whichever one you are."     ~*       j  "Voiceless earth Is the grave of the  Seasons fly till man's enemy, ag*e,  Slaycth joy with a burden of care.  "W hereforc then, let moralists rag*e?  Who shall heed i.-eir obnoxious alarms  "While nis love lieth fast in his arms?  Past the shadowy mists at the end,  Where oblivion menaces, fate  May res .ore us to sweetheart and friend.  Hut my soul lacKeth faith.    Let us datf  Somoth.n-e* precious on memory's page  In this ..our which we steal from old age.  Since it may be this life is the sum  Of exigence for you and for me.  Let us hastft, ere the clirlcness to come  Shall entculf us. as ships in the sea;  Let the seers seek the spirit divine  And do thou, in thy beauty, be mine.  ���Frank Putnam in Chicago Times-Herald.  THE HIGHEST BIDDEE  It was at Brussels, in the auction  rooms at the c orner of the streets Leopold and Wiertz, that the incident happened. My friend was an Englishman,  but he had lived long in the country  and had acquired a taste for the Belgian arts that seemed almost native,  and that made him something of a collector. The sale at the rooms was to bt  very similar to a sale at Sotheby's, and  the catalogue referred to original manuscripts and first editions and to a hundred things loved by the curioso. My  friend was present in the hope of securing some early engravings, and I was  with him as part of the idleness of a  holiday. We were early, and while  waiting the time of the sale we looked  together at the catalogue, and he entertained me with talk of this and that  entry.  "This number should be interesting,"  he said, pointing to a line on the firs!  page, "the love letters of Guitine, oui  poet of love. Keats' letters, you remem  ber, were sold in London not long ago,  and one of your verse makers wrote a  lamenting sonnet. Guitine was not so  great a poet as Keats, but his passion  for Jetta Teterol was as wildly spoken  as the other's for Fanny Brawne. Youi  verse mak-^r was right. It is hard that  because a man has given part of his soul  to the world the world should want the  whole. But the curious are innocent oi  modesty, and���yes, the number should  be interesting."  "There will be a fight for the letters,  you think?" I said.  "Yes, probably. Guitine has something of a vogue just now. The women  are discovering that he wrote as in their  best hours they think. And indeed it  was a tender, womanly muse. The little man standing by the table���him  with the glasses, I mean���will, I think,  get them. He is a professor at the university, and doubtless meditates an article in one of the reviews. Himself without sentiment, he will criticise theii  sentiment. Already he has written more  than one unkind thing about the Guitine morals. The letters will give him  yet a new text."  For a moment or two I looked at the  professor's hard, thin face and sympathized with the dead poet, then as the  auctioneer mounted to his place and  commenced the day's sale I turned my  eyes to one and another in the room.  Mostly the crowd was of men, dealers  or chance buyers, but here and there  were women with the usual catalogue  and pencil, and among them was one  whose dress and manner interested me  even to curiosity. Near to us she stood,  Impatiently buttoning and unbuttoning  a glove, and I saw that she was pretty,  but somewhat too well dressed and  somewhat too freely jeweled.  "Do you know," I asked my friend,  "who is the girl to our right?"  He looked and slightly shrugged his  shoulders and said: "Yes, she is Marie  Carbara, one of the actresses at the hew  theater. She is only a minor actress,  but you see her cloak and the brooch  clasping it. They are all alive, these  pretty singers and dancers. All love the  sunshine and the butterfly life. What  brings Marie here I do not know, nor  what makes her so angry with her glove.  The boudoir wants a picture, perhaps.  That was very little for the Louis vases.  Ah, here are the Guitine letters. They  will fetch more."  The auctioneer spoke of the poet and  of his love for Jetta Teterol and of his  writings to her. Again I looked around  the room to one and another. Many  seemed little interested in the bundle of  yellow sheets, but a few seemed likely  bidders. The professor was listening to  the auctioneer's words and smiling as  one amused. Other men, who knew less  than the professor, were listening with  more humility. The girl Marie had  ceased to play with her glove and held  one hand lightly in the other. At the  girl I looked longer than at the men.  She had an earnestness of expression  that was pretty to see, an earnestness  that presently gave me an idea.  "It is not a picture that has brought  Mademoiselle Carbara here," I said to  my friend. It is these letters. Look at  her."  '' She is certainly concerned for them.  Perhaps you are right.'' he replied. " As  I said, the women are. beginning to read  and to love Guitine, and���yes, perhaps  you are right. 'Still, my man speaks  first, and he is not likely soon to give  in."  The professor moved his glasses forward a little and said, "Ten francs,"  and the bidding commenced. "Twenty," said the girl Marie. And I noticed  the pleasantness of her voice and was  glad my idea had not been wrong.  "Thirty," said a man to my left.  "Thirty," replied tho auctioneer.  "Yes, it is a fight, "said my friend  as ten by ten the offer rose, "but between our two people only. The other is  an agent and will presently reach his  limit. Inrloed, already he seems to have  reached it."  "Two hundred," said the girl. "And  ten, "'said the professor. "Two hundred and fifty, " said the girl, her cheeks  flushing a little. "Three hundred, " said  ;he professor, his mouth hardening.  The third bidder had become silent,  and the fight was now clearly between  the two. At the end of a table the girl  stood, looking earnestly to the auctioner  Refused Without Proposing:.  Few women outside of royalties ever  "popped the question" to a, man, and  perhaps only one has had the experience of being rejected by a man without having proposed to him. There was  one, and the Hon. L. A. Tollemaohe  tells the story in his "Personal Memoir  of Benjamin Jowett," master of Bal-  liol, Oxford.  The master's personality was potent  and penetrating, and good women felt  its fascination. An undergraduate was  ill at Balliol college, and his sister,  coming to Oxford to nurse him, was invited by Dr. Jowett to stay at his house.  She received from him the utmost kindness and attention, and when leaving  said, with much hesitation, that she  would venture to ask a very great favor. She again hesitated. The master  grew uneasy and looked interrogative.  "Will you marry me?" at last she  asked.  Pie paced up and down, blushed deeply, and replied, "That would not be  good either for you or for me. "  "Oh, oh!" exclaimed the young lady,  blushing even more deeply. "I meant  to say J am going to be married and  would you perform the service?" She  had been refused, poor girl, without  having proposed.  A Painful Awakening:.  "Algernon, dear, how much did you  pay the preacher who married us? I  want to enter it as the first item in our  family expense book."  "Great Scott, Esmeralda! I supposed  vour father had settled that."���Chicago Tribune.  and the bundle of letters before him> a\  the other the man, looking angrily at  the girl. Within me was a hope that  the, and not he, would be the last to  speak.  "Four hundred.'1'  "Five hundred."  "Six hundred."  There was a movement of interest in  the room.  The offers were not large���a  picture  had just   before   been sold for  several    thousands,   but   they   seemed  large for the few sheets of faded writing.  They  came, too, the one more quickly  following  another  than  in  the  other  sales.   There was no delay of calculation  and doubt.  The excitement of those who  watched was very natural.  "A thousand."  "Fifteen hundred."  "Carbara   wins,"   said   my  friend.  "The professor will  go but little higher.    How angrv the man looks."  "Two thousand."  "Two thousand five hundred," said  the girl.  "Two thousand five hundred," said  the auctioneer and waited for an advance.  "Two thousand five hundred," he repeated, looking questioningly at the  professor.  A shake of the head was the reply,  and people knew that the fight was  over. With an assumption of indifference the professor moved his glasses yet  more forward and began anew to turn  the pages of his catalogue.  "Two thousand five hundred," said  the auctioneer again, and in a moment  after the sale was finished. Jetta Tete-  rol's letters had passed to Mario Carbara, and Jetta Teterol had been dead 100  years.  One of the -.assistants took the bundle  to carry it to a side room, and the auctioneer began to speak of the next number, and again, as if in impatience, the  girl fell to buttoning and unbuttoning  her glove. But suddenly, still in impatience, she ceased, and, putting out her  hands, said:  "Pardon, but if I may I will have  them now. Will you give them me,  please? Here are notes for the amount  ���two of a thousand and one of five  hundred.   There is no objection?"  "There is no objection," replied the  auctioneer smilingly. "It is not quite  usual, but there can be no objection."  Then to- his clerk he said: "Take the  notes, please, and give Mile. Carbara  the letters. Mile. Carbara we all know  and admire. Certainly she may have  them."  As the girl took the bundle and loosened the string which bound it there  was probably none in the room who was  not gazing at her. Most, like myself,  were amazed at her eagerness. One or  two were a little contemptuous. The  professor was resentfully frowning.  Nearer to her than some I stood, and so  better than some I can tell what in the  next minutes she said and did.  There were perhaps 20 or 30 letters.  The uppermost one she unfolded and  read. Quickly from beginning . to end  she read it, then placed it again with  the rest, then said, as if to herself:  "His heart is a suspended harp,  which, if one touches it, responds," and  then looked irresolutely from side to  side.  But little time did she so stand.  "Pardon, " she said and stepped past the  man next to her, and "Pardon!' again  and stepped past me to the room corner, where was a dully burning fire. As  I moved to give ber space I began to understand what now she would do and  wondered and watched.  First she took the letter she had read  and glanced at, it again, and then with  sudden movement thrust it among the  coals. Then, one by one, she took the  others and dropped them, so that one by  one they touched the flame and were  alight. Then, when the last yellow  sheet had burned to blackness, with her  foot she crushed it and the rest to powder, then smiled and turned toward the  door.  There had been silence during the  time���it was but a minute or two that  this was doing���and now as she stepped  across the floor there was whispering  only. But as she neared the door men  began to understand what she had done  and they had seen. There had been sentiment, there had been poetry in the action. The spirit had been the spirit of  love. A sudden noise of clappings filled  the room. For a moment she paused as  if startled, then smiled and bowed and  went on into the street.���Cornhill Magazine.  AN  UNFOP.GOTTEN  KISS.  The rain is rattling on the pane, the wind fi  sweeping by,  Now with discordant shriek, anon with meian  choly cry.  A lonely man, I sit and read beside the dying  fire  The daily tale of love and crime, of greed ant-  vain desire.  The letters blur and fade, the room grows dire  and disappears,  And in its stead old scenes come back across  the waste of years,  And set in frame of golden hair a fair young  face I see,  Whose two soft eyes of deepest blue look wistfully on me.  Once, on a memorable eve, when heart and  hope were young,  Those luminous eyes upon my life a sudden  glory flung.  As she was then I see her now, my young, mj  only choice,  the brightness on her Bunny brow, the music  in her voice.  One question, and hut one, I ask, then for an  answer wait.  My very heart is motionless, expectant of iti  fate.  &. wondrous light���the light of love���glows ir  the tender eyes���  Her lr.caih is v,-;irni upon my face���Oh, sweetest of replies!  But; bless my heart!  Tho driving rain is com-  i:vj in, I fear, ;  Or is that'shining little drop upon the page i  tear?  Well, who would thir.lt an old gray head could  he so soir as t'.is  When more than i.'.ivl;.-years have lied nincc  that fond, foolish hiss!  ���John Scon in Chambers' Journal.  Rosebery  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Sloean Lake.  Eosebery  Has the only  Sloean City.'  safe harbor north of  SINGING  OF  YOU.  r-m  slnering of  falling.  FalllnK*   from  blue;  ��� Slngintr of you  ..    calling,  Thralling  my  you.  you when the darkness fs  heaven   and   blotting   the  when the night birds are  soul,   that   fs  singing*  of  Rosebery  It is at Eosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  ��-*ing*inrr  ip.f  Slakii  dew:  Singrir.;,"  nf you      breaking,  Taking my heart to you. singing of you.  of you when the roDins are wak-  r their thirst in the glistening  when   the  dawn   light  is  a song* of love, ring-  telling  you  Singing of you with  111".  Winging   its   way   to   you.  true:  Singing   of   you   and  bringing.  Clinging to heaven and singing of you.  ���J.  L.  Heaton in  "The Quilting Bee.".  the   bliss' you   are  Baby carriages, fancy upholstery and  furniture at Crowley's. t    I  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  Terms, J cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  mm  I cany the stock���the largest in the Slocan-  Kootenay, in show rooms  covering  3,000 feet of floor space.  Furniture for a Mansion or Cottage at  om  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest. D. M. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Undertaking a Specialty  Note the address:  Sixth Street.  Above the Ledge office,  New Denver.  Freight paid on goods to Sandon, Slocan City and all Lake points.  J.R.& D. GameroR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the: ���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailor's  flt��t.  Sh��Ps at THREE-FORKS & SANDON  KUS  THOS. ABR1EL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows. Fourth Yeah.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 16, 1897.  The sold Hunter  I-9M  r  e  The present excitement over the Alaskan gold fields is the nearest parallel the  country has ever known   to   the   great  gold fever that swept the country in 1849  and changed California from a half savage grazing country to a wealthy and  populace state.   The conditions that exist in the Klondike district to-day had  their prototype here 48 years ago, as the  contemporary accounts of life in  "the  land of gold"  show.   One of the most  graphic and unprejudiced of these was  written  by   a  German   gentleman   of  means and education, who was   making*  a tour of the world   at that time, and,  happening to arrive in  California  when  the gold fever was at its height,  recorded his impressio.su of it as he recorded  other features of the peoples and countries he visited.   Though he went to tlie  mines, and even worked in them, it was  ahvays as an observer, a looker-on  in  Vienna,    lie   seems   to   have   had   no  thought of himself joining in  the'rush  for gold, a mental attitude which must'  have made the men about him  regard  him as crazy, if they had time to give a  thought to siich an anomaly.  Mr. Gerstaecker's account of his  travels was published in Germany, and  a year or so later���in 185:)���a translation  of it was published in New York by  Harper <k Brothers. From this translation we reproduce a.few extracts which  have unusual interest at the , present  time. His first impressions upon his  arrival in San Francisco are here recorded;  People spoke here of gold as if it were  only common dust, and the price asked  and paid for everything proved it at  least partly true. Only to go on shore, a  distance of perhaps 100 yards, Ave had to  pay. one dollar a piece, and everything  else was in proportion. . . . Rents were  extraordinary, and for small houses and  rooms, in the business; part of the town  sometimes five and six hundred dollars  a month were paid. Restaurants with  two to three rooms and a kitchen paid  from one thousand to twelve bundled  dollars a month���and so on.Even to deposit your trunk in some boarding house  or storeroom you had to pay from one  dollar to one and a half per month; the  man who took care of things, as he called it, not being in any way responsible  for the safe or even dry keeping of the  things���you might just as well have put  them under a  tree in. the bush.   But  in.  ���what matter to the gold diggers, they  had left the^vhole world behind them;  and should they now hang their heart  on an old trunk, even if it contained  their last shirt? No���away to the mines;  in one day they would be able to wash  out there the value of two such trunks,  and whero was the use of wasting a  thought upon it?  The author's party went to the Feather river diggings. Starting with a fair  supply of money, they arrive, in the  comparatively short and mild California  winter, with just one dollar in cash betAveen them and no means of getting  money except in San Francisco.  AVe were full of hopes, for the least  success Avould guarantee to us not only  our existence in tlie mountains through  the winter, but also a good profit, and  perhaps���for why not we as well as  others?���some over-grown lumps of gold  of an indeBnite number of pounds, troy  Aveight���the heavier the better. But Ave  were very much disappointed in the  course of time.  It rained continually; there was not a  dry thread upon our backs, and even  our blankets had become soaked and afforded no Avarmth. Of course provisions  rose accordingly, and Avhen the gold diggers came to camp that evening they  brought Avith them but two dollars'  worth of gold, and on sending one of  them to the store to buy provisions with  it, the store keeper Avoold not let us  have (lour under one dollar a pound and  pork at one dollar and a quarter.  The only thing that kept oh regularly  was the rain, Avhich came down, while,  with equal regularity, provisions went  up Avith every shoAver. At last we had  not a single cent left to buy even the  most necessary articles of food, and Ave  could not.borrow. Our meals had become smaller every day, and .only to fill  our stomachs we began mixing our  bread with a small kind of berry that  grew around us in great profusion and  tasted well enoug'h. As we eould not  live much longer, and we all saw we  must come to some decision, if our condition could not be altered in one Avayor  the other, we agreed finally that the  next day should be decisiA'e Avhether Ave  stopped any longer up here (where there  was, in fact, no chance at all of provisions coming up again this winter if the  weather continued as it Avas). or starting  back for Saeremento and San Francisco,  ahd give up mining altogether, for this  season at least.  Next night Ave had hardly anything to  eat, and it rained frightfully; but if we  had any'doubt what course to folloAv under such circumstances, some Americans who passed our camp early next  ' morning avouUI have solved it. They  had everything they called their oavii,  which they carry upon their backs,  leaving, as they said, a neighborhood  Avhere there would be a famine in a few-  days if all stopped there. Again we had  a general council, and the result of it  Avas that we packed up our things and  that same morning, tlie eighteenth day  of NoA'ember, Avith the first rays of the  sun, after a short delay we started, heavily loaded, on our back track.  Glad to get back to Saeremento aliA'e,  they got work chopping cordwood for  hire. Here is a picture of misery in  such aland as that about our State capital:  oil cloth of mine, and the fireplace being  finished off with an old flour barrel,with  both ends knocked out and a piece of  plank fastened as a mantle piece o\rer  the fire, we lay that night, -while the  rain'poured down, as dry as if we had  the best roof over us. It is true the hut  Ave had raised was poor enough, arid  damp and dirty; in Germany I would  have thought tAvice about lettingmy  NeAvfoundland dog sleep in. in; but  here it Avas a palace after Avhat Ave had  suffered during the last four weeks; and  a bottle of champagne in the grandest  part of the Old World never tasted as  good to me, or was imbibed with so  much relish as the whisky toddy Huhne  and I drank that evening in celebration  of our entrance into that low and damp  hovel.  In Sacramento reports came from  everywhere of rich strikes. Herr Gers-  taecker finds out that newspaper tales  are not trustworthy.  And to Avhich mines do those thousands Hock, avIio are ready for a start  while the ground is not yet dry from the  last rains, and another spell of hot  weather���as really happened���could set  in every hour? Tlie richest, of course  ought to attract the most gold-finders to  their gulches���but which of them are  the richest? Nobody can tell, for if you  believe the accounts you read in the  papers, there is not a spot in the whole  mountains Avhere, on striking your pick  down,-you can fail to find gold. One  day a report comes from the Yuba of the  gold diggers earning there on an average one or tAA'o ounces daily. The next  story is from the Stanislaus of some one  having lit on a nugget of I do not knOAV  how many pounds, troy weight; next  they tell of ucav mines disco\*ered in the  coast range; and soon after mysterious  accounts are current of a gold lake having been discovered by some hunters in  the Northern Diggings.   To make things worse, the first accounts of Trinidad Bay arrived at this  time. "Several degrees further north  a neAvbay,called the Trinidad, has been  discovered, and several men, who landed there from a schooner, washed out  thousands of dollars in a feAV hours."  This notice in one of the San Francisco  Francisco papers played the mischief  witli many a poor fellow, who really  could not" lose such an opportunity of  becoming a, rich man merely by going*  a feAv miles out to sea. again.' If. you  found, from that time, three men' together in the street, you could make  any bet you liked that" one of them Avas  bound for Trinidad.  Trinidad Bay really existed, and several schooners went there to take goods  and provisions to tlie gold country���to  Avish afterward they  had stayed Avhere  they were.    1 pitty poor gold-diggers  Avho folloAv the advice of the papers;  they are most certain to go to thc wrong  place, and all those avIio have been once  in the mines, and become acquainted  Avith life and habits  there,  soon learn  what to think of such  advertisements.  Where gold-diggers  anvAvhere in the  mountains are  "making"a good thing,"  as the saying is, you may depend upon  iqtheyido not talk, much less write,  about" it.     They   stick   to   the   place,  working aAvay as quietly as they can.  and   never  pretending "to  earn much  more than  their living;   but,  on  the  contrary, where the mines give out, or  nothing iioav and good   has " been lately  discovered, and tlie store-keepers ���have  a quantity of provisions and other goods  they do hot know Iioav to sell, there are  ahvays men at leisure to   write long  and gloAving accounts of "newly discovered riches," and if they only draw  a couple of hundred diggers" to tlie place  ���these must live, at least,  while they  stay up there���provisions -will be sold,  and after a Avhile,  in  comoanv Avith  these men they  had enticed up  here,  they can leave these "exceedingly rich  places, and hunt for another spot.  SHOPPING LONG AGO.  SOME INTERESTING INFORMATION IN  "THE  PASTON   LETTERS."  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Cazabazua Fraction MJneral Claim.  Commissions "Which Wires Gave to Their  Hustmnds In the Fifteenth Century Have  a n i-i-:::t Appear-ance In This Age���Dame  Piistou as a. Housewife.  In the spring of 1440 Dame Agnes  P'd!-:on wrote to her "right worshipful and dear husband" in haste, the  Wednesday next after "Dens qui erranri-  bus" (the collect for the third Sunday  after Easter). Having commended the  gracious mien of the young gentlewoman her son proposes to n-nrry, she says:  "The rarson of Stockton told me'that  if ye Avculd buy her a gown her mother  would give thereto a goodly fur; the  gown needeth to be had, and of color it  would be a goodly blue or else a bright  sanguine."  The  Mistress Margaret Mauteby, for  whom  this gOAvn was "purTeyed," became the wife of John Paston, and  her  lctrorH, covering  nearly   60  years,   are  noteworthy   in  that famous collection,  'The Paston Letters,' which  reveal   so  many secrets of bygone  statecraft, but,  what is  of more Avorth to us hoav, giving glimpses of household economy and,  by dear connotation, the inner life   of  the'women of'the period. Margaret Paston appears as an active, prndent housewife, looking into every detail  of her  large establishment and, from her husband's prolonged absences, forced to assume many masculine cares.    She managed the several farms of their estate in  (he Hundred of Tunstead, Norfolkshire.  She planned new buildings, armed and  defended her   besieged  hall, conducted  lawsuits and arranged the marriages of  her children and  grandchildren.    But,  withal, she was a very woman,  and   it  is  interesting  to  note the "ewig wei-  bliche" running like a, thread  of gold  through a long series of letters.  Tho orders sent to her husband and  .sou, Avho were usually in London, for  various articles of apparel are curious  to examine. That in her youth she was  fond of all gauds may be guessed from  a letter written not long after her marriage, when, inquiring minutely of her  husband's health during some slight indisposition, she had "lever than a new  gOAvne, though it were of scarlette,"  that he recover. Her commissions are  usually very moderate and limited to  the plain necessities of everyday wear,  as for example:  "I pray you that ye would vouchsafe  to buy me some frieze to make of your  children's gowns. Ye should have best  cheap and best choice of Hay's Avife, as  it is told me. And that ye would buy a  yard of broad cloth of black, for one  hood for me, of '44-d. or 4 shillings a  yard, for there is n.ei! ber good cloth nor  good frieze in thistoAvu."  Yet this town Avas Norwich, the seat  of woolen factories from the time of  Henry I, their crude work later improved by tho s'riil of Philippa's Flemings. It was evkitutly the nearest market and the source of ordinary supplies,  for Danio  P.'-rtcn had but just written,  Lot 1809.  Situate on north side of  Four Mile Creek about 4  miles east oi' Silverton, Slocan Mining: Division of West Kootenay District.  PAKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driscoll,  as  I   agent for Donald Brenmer. free miner's certificate No, S4.99!*, intend, 00 days from the date  hereof to apply  to the  Alining "Recorder, for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining: a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must  be commenced before   the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this Cth day cf August, 1897.  [L. 18-17,0. 1.]  Snow-flake Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located: .About  . two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoining*thc Gree'nhoni mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  whaite, free miners' certiiicate No.  1-20C, A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of September, 1897.  EDWARD II   APPLEWHAITE.  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, (or  the purpose of obtaining- a Crown, grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section .'-'7, must be commencedbefore the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 15th day of July. 1897.  BLACK COLT MINERAL OLATM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Joins  the Hinckley on the south; a relocation of  the Montana.  npAKE NOTICE, That I. C. A. Stoess. of Kaslo,  J. B C.. acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black Colt Mining Company. Limited, free  miner's certificate No, 81,<J,>0, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must  be   commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 1897.  PASSENGER  EACH   DAY.  TRAINS  EACH  > Between ���  RICHMOND, STARVD3W AND EMPIRE NO. 0  MINERAL CLAIMS.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Three-  quarters mile s. e. of town of Sandon.  fAKE NOTICE, That I, It.E. Palmer, acting  1 as agent for George Orooderham, free  miner's certificate No 75189, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above ciaim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate "of improvements  Dated this -'tith dav of July. 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  Cin'iit, Eastern Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about li miles southeast of Town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer of  Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No.97J'i"> intend llu  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take  notice  that action under  Section ;S7 must be commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of improvements "  R.E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Dared this Kith day of September, 1897.    selU  Trail and  Rossland  ii '���������& Western R'y  Run Made in one Hour.  On the"  NOTICE.  Yuma,    Aurora,    Suburban    and    Night  Hawk Fraction Mineral Claims.  Situate in the Slocan Mi.iing Division of AArcst  Kootenay District. .Where located: West  of the Ruth group, within one mile of the  town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, E. M. Sandilands,  free miner's certificate No. 80121, intend, GO  days from the date hereof to apply to the Alining*  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown Grant of above  claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before issuance of such  Certificate of improvements.  Dated July 21.1897.  E. M. SANDILANDS.  ���M-QTICE is hereby given, that sixty days after  -���-' date we intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission  to purchase the following described land, situated in the Slocan Mining Division, AVest  Kootenay District, on Four Mile Creek, about  three miles from the town of Silverton:  Commencing at a post on the north side of  Four Mile Creek, marked " Kenneth Morrison,  C. A. Gardner and E. W.Bradshaw's northeast  corner," .md running east 50 chains, thence  south 30chains, thence west 50 chains, thence  north 30chains to point of commencement,  and containing 1C0 acres more or less.  Dated the 8th day of July, 1897.  KENNETH MORRISON,  C. A. GARDNER,  jylo-agl/i E. W. BRADSHAW.  Irene   Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest  Kootenay District. Where located : Near the  town of'Sandou.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, E. M. Sandilands, free  .1 miner's certificate No. SG121, as agent for A.  H. Blumenauer, free miner's certificate No. ("1895.  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate Of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 18th day of August, 1897.  PRAYING  BICYCLES.  But Avhile Ave Avere Avorking here out  in the Avoods, Ave Avanted some kind of  shelter; the last night had been clear,  hut clouds Avere again rising in the west  and we therefore determined on building a kind of ground hole, or hut, with  everv comfort bush and earth could  offer. Digging accordingly into the  slope of the bank to get a back wall and  a ii replace, Ave set up a quantity of poles  about 10 feet long1 Avith their ends together, all resting in the middle upon a  centre pole or rufter, supported by two  largo forks, in the shape of a tent, and  coA-ering the Avhole first Avith a thick  layer of bushes, and afterAvards, Indian  fashion, with liard beaten ground, '.ve  soon had our Avintivr residence in onh-r.  Before the entrance we hung up  an   old  Japanese   Attach   Prayer   Wheels  to  the  Hubs of Their Machines.  The bicycle is uoav employed to aid  the pious Buddhist in praying with  greater ease, but yet, as he hopes, with  great effect. It is from the ingenious  and enterprising country of Japan that  this new departure is reported.  The Buddhist has ahvays doue his  praying with the assistance of a wheel.  The prayers are placed inside the wheel,  which turns round, following the direction of the sun, and delivers up to  heaven the prayers of the owner, or of  all Avbose. thoughts are fixed upon it.  Some enormous \\ heela are capable of  praying for thousands of people. This  mode of worship may seem somewhat  irresponsible to Avestern people, but the  Buddhist, who is a subtle reasoner,  would be able to explain why it is satisfactory.  Iu various parts of the vast territory  in which the Buddhist faith is held  different motive poAvers are used in  these jirayer wheels. Some humble persons turn the wheel by hand, but not  if they can help it. On the hills of  Tibet, ii great stronghold of pure  Buddhism, ihe Avheels- are usually so  built that the wind turns them. In other places they are moved by water power.  But it is obvious that Avind must fail  occasionally and that this may happen  when the Buddhist is particularly in  need of copious prayer. Water power,  too, is often lacking.  So the ingenious Jap now attaches a  small prayer wheel to the hub of his  bicycle, and when he takes a ride he  combines worship with recreation. By  giving a glance at his pedometer he can  tell -ju*--fc how much praying be has done.  He can also keep an accurate daily record, Avhich will enable him to tell after,  a number of years ju*-i how much prayer svands to his credit. In this Avay  Buddhism seems to have given a zest  to bkyciiny Avhich no ether religion  can supply.���How "i'ork Journal.  Wickwirc���I don't see what business  it is, one way or the other, Avhether a  curfeAv ordinance is passed or not.  Mudg-e���You Avould if you liA-"ed in a  flat Avhere the children are allowed to  play out on the street instead of compelled to stay in the house to do their  running* and vcllinc*.���\-)\.  "May it please ycu to wit, I was at  Norwich this Aveek to purvey such  things as needeth me against this whiter."  Worsted and its neighboring Kersey,  which gave their names to the fabrics  there made, were in the east of Norfolk. In reference to the products of  the former Sir Jchn Avrites from London to "miuo own c;car sovereign lady:"  "I rr!)y yfi ym v ]U send me hither  two ells of Avorsti d for doublets to  happ8 me this cold Avinter, and that ye  inquire Avhcrt; William Paston bought  his tippot ci' fine worsted, which is almost like silk, and if that be much  finer than that ye should buy me after  7 or 8 snilliugs, then buy me a quarter  and the nail thereof for collars, though  it be dearer than the other, for I would  make my doublet all worsted for the  worship of Norfolk. "  Sometimes a bit of feminine vanity  is seen, as Avhen Lady Paston writes  her husband:  "I pray yon ihat ye would do your  cost on me against "Whitsuntide that I  may have something for my neck. When  the queen ay as here, I borrowed my  cousin Elizabeth Clere's device, for I  dared not for shame go AA'ith my beads  among so i:;r.rv fresh gentlewomen as  were here at that time. "  And Sir John's memory for domestic  commissions was like other men's, for  in the next letter his Avife prays him  that he "vouchsafe to remember to purveys thing for my neck and to do make  my girdle," and in still another, "I  thank you that ye vouchsafe to remember my girdle."  It shows a pleasant confidence -and  the assurance of her absent husband's  interest in every side of her life that  she Avrites him minutely of her plans in  making her gowns, saying: "I pray you  that ye would vouchsafe to buy a piece  of black buckram for to line with a  ;.toavii for me. I should buy me a mur-  iey gOAvn lo go in this summer and lay  iu the collar tbe satin that ye gave me  .or a heed, and lean get none good  buckram in this town to line it; Avith."  The letter of her son William, Avrit-  ten in 1459, gives us an idea of the out-  lit for a boy at Eton:  "I beseech you send me a hose cloth,  one for the holy days of some color and  one for tbe working days (hoAv coarse  soever it be maketh no matter) and a  stomacher aud two shirts and a pair of  slippers."  This masculine stomacher seems from  other scant mention thereof in early  writings tc have been a sort of skeleton  inner wnistcoat; perhaps not much more  than the chest protecto?.* of today.  There is n;i more vivid appreciation  of existing conditions of society than  that Avhich springs from their comparison Avith life relatively of the same degree in another age   and environment.  Wakefield Fraction Mineral Claim.  Lot 1810.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek, about 1  miles cast of Silverton, Slocan MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  ���TAKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driscoll, as  I. agent for Frank Culver, free miner's certificate No. 83,011, intend, GO days from the date  hereof, to anply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvemonts, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  ;17 must lie commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this Gth day of August, 1897.  NOTICE,  "YTOTICE is hereby given that I intend, 60 days.  1\ after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for. permission to  purchase 160 acres of land, (more or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south along the lake shore ' to place of commencement.  Located Aug. 23,1897,  HENRY STEGE,  New Denver, Aug. 23,1897.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.: Connects ie  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland Avith  Red Mountain   train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main lino Steamers for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:4,r) p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail, B.C., June 4, 1897.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning*, making close connection  at Revelstoke with trains ^or  all points East or "W est.  NOTiCE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that (10 days after date  L\ I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following described lands situated in the  Slocan Alining Division. West Kootenay District,  on Fennel creek, (a Branch of Four Mile creek)  and about seven and one-half miles from the  town of Silverton: Commencing at a post on the  east side of Fennel] creek marked "K. H. H.  Alexander's northeast corner," and running west  30 chains, thence south 53 chains, thence east 30  chains, thence north 53 chains, to point of com.  menceinent and containing MO acres, more or  less.  Dated 20th August, 1897.  R. H. H. ALEXANDER.  .Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.    It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. 0.  k  NOTICE.  Elkhorn Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On the  left bank of Miller Creek, about half a mile  from its junction Avith Carpenter Creek.  npAKE NOTICE, That I, J. H. Gray, acting as  1 agent for J. W.'Stewart, free miner's certificate No. 77.09S, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of thc above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before ��� the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of July, 1897.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that if Stewart, the  ^> electrician docs not settle charges against his  goods now in m.v possession within 30 days from  date, I will retain the said goods in payment of  said charges. PALM A ANGRI&NON.  New DeiiA'er, Sept. 9,1897.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,  LTD.  ta  On Kootenay'Lake and R'ver.  HINCKLEY MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  2*. miles from Three Forks Hotel, on right  hand side of Carpenter creek, on the first  creek opposite Payne mountain.  TAKE NOTICE, That I. C. A. Stoess. of Kaslo.  B.C., acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black Colt Mining Company. Limited, free  miner's certificate No. 81.650, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim, And, further take notice, that  action under section 37, must be commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 1897.  Yuma Fraction Mineral Claim.  Time Card in Effect July 12th. 1897.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five Mile Point with all  passengci trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:45 a.m  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.: Rossland 3:40 p  m.; Spokane, G p.m.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane S a.m.; Rossland, 10:20 a.m.;  Northport. 1:50 a.m.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  NEW SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo, etc, Tues.. Wed.. Thurs.;  Fri., Sat.; 9:30 a.m.   Ar. Kaslo, 12:30, p.m.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc.. Mon., Tues.. Wed..  Thurs., Fri.; 5 p.m.   Ar. Nelson, 9 p.m.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located:���  West of the Ruth group, within one mile of  the town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, R. W. Gordon, free miner's eertificateNo. 8*1539, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 21th day of July. 1897.  ANTOINE MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan MiningDivision of AArest  Kootenay District. Where located: In the  Ruby Silver Basin, adjoining tlie Surprise  Basin.  TAKE NOTIOEtlmt I.George Alexander, free  miner's certificate. No. 710**0. for myself  and as agent for C. H. Green, free miner's cer- | <-.Jli.t.|  tifleate No. 77704. and for Alex Smith, free  miner's certificate No. 71195, intend 00 days  from the date hereof to apply to tho Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that, action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 39th dav of June. 1897.  G-E9RGE ALEXANDER.  Posted at Antoine Mine. 30 June, 1897. by J.  C.Ryan jyl5-agl5  BONNER'S FERRY axd KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, Sat.,9.3(1 p. m: Ar. Boundary, Sun.  fi a.m.: Aj. Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun., 1 p.m.; Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close connecton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.40 a.m..  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  GEOKGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Oflice at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. 15 C, July 13,1807  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave. Arrive.  9:10 a.m.        NELSON       5:45 p.m.  11:00 "        ROSSLAND     3:40   "  8:00 a.m.       SPOKANE      6:40 p.m.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  THE  STEAMER  W.HUNTER  WiU leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon upon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE POINTS.  Will leave SLOCA.N CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  California. Allan Line   Parisian. " ...  laginian "  i Labrador.Dominion Line...  Vancouver. ���'  'From Montreal  Oct. 2  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd.,  June 1,1897.  G. L. ESTABROOK. Master.  Oct ii  From New Y<  Aurora Fractional Mineral Claim.  As a suggestion of such fruitful study is  this ��]i'-:j3*i��p of the shopping of Jtfar-  p;r* f. ];:: >* Lady Paston of Caistor  lv!:��� !���.-���. ��� ;;��-:vr York Post;.  Situatoil in the Slocan Mining Division of A\*~est  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of the Ruth group,within one mile of the town  of Sandon.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, H. B. Alexander, free  1 miner's certificate No 77C(t', intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown grant nf abnve claim.  And further take notice that action, under  Section .'17. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this iMth day of July. 1897.  DEMOCRAT MINERAL CLAIM.  Unibria. Canard Line    Etrnria "  ____.  Campania.     *'    Majestic. White Star Lino    Teutonic ������    St. Paul. American Line    St. Louis. ������ .    State of Nebraska. Allan State Line    Southwark, Red Star Line.....: Sept '.'9  Noordland, "     Cabin iM.i.'^Vi, r'CO, 7n .-*���*'* and upwards.  Intermediate -.*I0 and upwards.  Steerage .~2.-i.a0 and upwards.  Passengers  Ticketed   throiurh  to all noinls in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at:   Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Ontinent!  Prepaid Passages arranged from all point.-?.  Apply to H. DOUGLASS, a gent. Now Denver,  orto���  WILLIAM   STITT,  General Agent,  C. P. R. Ollices, AViunineg  Situated   in   the  Slocan  Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Where located: |,-(  Southeast of the Twin Lakes.  I. Herbert T. Twigg.us  Steel, free miner'.-, eer-  tiflcate No. H19SJ and AVilliam B. Ca.-di. free  minor's certificate No. 7SJ99. intend, sixfj days  rPAJCE NOTICE that  1    agent for John (."-.  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MKS. D. A. McDougald.  JST^-iCXJSF, - - BO.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  Avell furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C.  kasLo&slocanW  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 00 A.M.  "    8 ��i '"  ������  ii 3<; "  "  ii r.i "  '��� 1(1'om ���'  '��� in is ���'  " in :i.s "  Al*r.  Id :'KI "  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  AA'hitewater  Bear Lake  McGuigan  Arrive, .'! "���(> P.M  "     a i-->    "  ii 15      "  ���J CO     "  1 ib   "  i �����    "  Leave 11.00 a.m  "     11.2'i   **  Cody Junction  "       1 ]:>  Sandon Leave 1 00  COI1V   LINK.  Sandon  Codv  Arrive 11..i.-i a.m.  ll.-JO    "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. h\  COPELAND,  Superintendent 8  THE LEDOE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEi��BER 16, 1897.  Fourth Year  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF   THE WEEK  ^iiiiiminniinniiiiiiniiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiinniiniiiiimiiiiiinniiniiiiniiiiiiiis^  I NEWS IN PLACE J  to be  is  Assessment Work Done ,. on Claims  and Transfers of Mining-  Properties.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of Kew Derive * were  as follows:���  'LOCATIONS.  Skit 7��� Wait a-Hit and Broken Back Fractional, Carpenter, Dan McCallum.  Sei-t 8���Hosphorus and Gibraltar. Dardanelles  Basin, \V I Tretheway; Sunlight, Carpenter, D  O McKay; Cascade and Golden Drip, Wilson,  Geo AV lieid and O A Heath; C & C Fractional,  l'ayne Mountain, ,1II Thompson.  Skit 10���Gabriel, Six llile, W H Warden; Iron  Goat, head Wilson ck, C Garrison, W Kerr, A  Finnlgan. M 1'rimoan.  '    Skit ll���Snowdon, Four Mile,*Robt McDowell;  Grip, Carpenter, Henrick Johnson.  Skit, ks���Vancouver Fractional, Four Mile,  Win Lewis.  Skit 11���J I C Fractional, Carpenter, Susan  Gibson; Omaha, bet Miller and Tributary cks,  NK FniiilsUin  ASSESSMENTS.  Seit. 7���Humphrey, Crystal Jem, Corliett, Continental, Victory, Hampton, Tom Bowling*, Bimetallic. Finland.  Skits���Mountain Scenery, Cuba.  Skit '���>���Daisy No. -1. ,  Skit lo���Royal Five, Jeanie, Lake View, Sil-  verine, Northern Pacific.  Skit* 11���Francis, Concord.  Skit 13���Avalon, Bessie, Bruce, Debs, Santifee,  Silver Star, Iticardo, Felly, Napier.  THAXSFEKS.  Skit8���Roulett M & M Co. shares���Daniel Me-  Rae to H A Ross.  Lake View J, A S Cameron to Arthur Peel.  Seit 9���Bell View No 2, Chas A School by to  Henrv E Sharpe.  Seit 10���Little-Dolphin h, J T Nault to Frank  H liourne.  Edith 1/0���D D McPherson to Frank Bourne.  Mentor, Robt Porter to Albert Behne.  ERO,Erg-o,Mica, Ida, Burdown, Flow, Aker,  Quebec and Cagnac, \ each, Oscar Burbank to  Stephen Powers.  Skit ll. Sunset J, Thos Daniels to Joseph Irwin.  Horseshoe 1/0, Howard Chapman to Geo P  Benest,  Horseshoe 1/0, Laurence Manson to Geo P  Benest  Mammoth No 7, Cultus No 2, Midnight Fractional, Robt C Adams to The Adams British Columbia Co. Ltd.  Second Chance and Grizzly Bear Pasture |j,  Frank Hill to Alfred Hill. Wilson Hill and Still-  man C Hill.  C P R J, Angus Matheson to A H Stirrett.  Seit 13���Speculator ?.', Thos KirkAvood to R 1  Kirkwood.  Horseshoe A, John H A Chapman to Laurence  Manson, Dec"2cJ,'OO, saoo.  Skit. 14���Dauntless, W L O'Council to E V Mc-  Cune; also the Night Owl, Constant and Drum  Lummon, and �� Tooth Pick Fractional, and  the Cody-Slocan, ;?30,000.  Duuntless, Cody-Slocan, Night Owl, Constant  and Drum Lummon.and j Tooth Pick Fractional,  E V McCune to A W McCune.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Seit -l���Burlington, Frank Romono and Thco-  der Pearson; Iron-wood, same; Buckhorn, James  Anderson; Mammoth. N B Buckler, relocation of  Marnot No 1; Wonder. F E Clute; Klondyke  Jno Mitchell; Stenley, Geo Parkinson; Derby, G  H Swainson; Monetery, F P Sherwood  Skit7���Whoop Up, M J Walsh; Salovan, John,  Swainson; Silver Tip. Ed Cook, Norman McLcod  and Fred Bellows; Flying Cloud, J Regan; Mystic Regions, D R McLean; Mogul Fraction, N S  Tucker; Hope,Chas Gray, D A Kendall, D A  Button and Peter X-indquist; Protection,  same  Skit 8���Stemwinder, R Stevenson  Sept 9���Monarch, W J Bell; Corinthian, W A  Markley; Onha Bell, N M McCrae; Allan,J R-obb  Fleming, Hector McCrae; Brophy, Ed Watts  Sept 10���Little Maude, F W Winstead; Queen,  J R Hardie; RW Prentice. D W Strobeck, FE  Perry; Minnehaha, D F Strobeck; Ainsworth  Fraction, Mexico Fraction, L L Patrick; Montezuma No 2, M McMiken; Vera Cruz No. 2, EC  Hugees: Buena Vista No 2, G B Roche: Lewis-  ton, John C Bebb; Savannah, Jas Nicholson, I C  Hague; Vermont, Jas Nicholson.  Sept ll���Mayflower, Alberta, Me'rrimao and  Monitor, D McArthur, S J Mighton, E Cording-  ley, David L Sutton and W R Clarke; Mountain  Coon, J Delaney; Molley, AV H Bell.  ASSESSMENTS.  Sept 4���Johanna, Mexico, Montezuma, San  Bardino.   h    ' ���  Sept 8��� Hot-One, Lucky Boy, Margaret Dora,  Bonanza, Liberty.  Sept 9���Sunlight, Silver Tip, Stillwater, Warren Mine, Fossil, Evergreen.  Sept io���Crown Jewel, Bessie A, Emerson, Earl,  Silver Queen, Harris.  Septii���Superior, Vigilant, No. 5, Silver Bell.  tkansfeks.  Sept 4���Lone Star, J. Last Chance, Bunker Hill,  Milford Star, i, T F and A F Adams to S Adams  Power of attorney on Pick Ul) and Ex-Champion, II McKay to A" Goodenough  I X L, A, S Warren to G Parkinson  Maple Leaf, J, L S Cass to Mrs Mary Fasset  Sept 8���Burke Fraction. >\. W Baird to E C  Ward  Mountain Goat, 1/0, C Bjerkness to O Augustine  Ontario No 2. A, P Maloney to E Bauin  Eagle   Bird, Lovell. Marsden, Sister Maudy,  Lizzie Fuller, Rachel Gordon, A,, E Baum to Otto  Augustine  Sept 9���Harrison Hot Springs, J P   Fink  to  L  McAIkjc  Diamond Joe, !,JC Bess to J A Myers  Sept 10���Four Crown, F Steele to Mollie Fraser  Golden Gate, same  Sept 11���Silver Bell, Silver, Number Five.  Number Six, Number Two, Ex-Champion, Pick-  Up.JS Whitaker, E E Chimnan, A AV Good-  enough and Hugh Mackay to Geo P Benest.  Golden Gate, Frederick Steele to Mollie Fraser  A   Avholesale   liquor   house  established at New Denver.  It is said that one hundred more men  will be added to the already large force  at the Ruth.  Parties are. after the Stege building to  rent it for a hotel site as soon as the Bank  of Montreal vacates.  Grouse are aboundant across the lake,  and many a grouse dinner has been  given the past week. '  The new bank building is fast being  completed, and it gives Sixth street a  A*ery substantial appearance.  The old hospital building, Avhen vacat-  ed, will be thoroughly renovated and  hard finished throughout.  The Vancouver Sash & Door Co. has  closed its office in Nakusp with a vieAV  to opening in New Denver.  Evening Iservices in the Methodist  church Avili hereafter commence at 7  o'clock instead of 7 :?>0 as heretofore.  K. S. McArthur, formerly of Kilbride,  Ontario, died in the hospital last week.  He Avas 28 years of age and a stranger in  the Slocan.  The band boys have just received  several new pieces, and they are doing  some hard practicing to Jbecome proficient in them.  Silver is slowly_ but surely creeping  back to its old price, and it will soon  reach sixty cents. It has been around  55 and 56 this week.  Tuesday the Denver failed to make the  trip to Slocan City. She got as far as  the bay and had to turn back owing to a  break in theimachinery.  The men arrested for entering the  house of Ella Brown and carrying aAvay  a trunk and contents,belonging to Jessie  Cook,were given nine months hard labor  and are iioav domiciled at Kamloops.  Mrs. Saunders and Miss Jennie An-  drews wish to inform their friends and  the public that they have opened a first-  class laundry, and are prepared to do  first-class work on the shortest notice.  Laundry at Mrs. Saunder's Bath House.  Services will be held in the new Presbyterian church Sunday, Aug. 19th, at  11 a.m. This Avill not be the formal  opening, but a bright and attractive ser-  vice is anticipated. Good music is expected..    Subject:    Christ before Pilate.  The marriage on the 15th of Mr. Thos.  Henderson to Miss Livingstone, at Vancouver, is reported. Both parties are  well-known here. They Avill reside at  Slocan City, where Mr. Henderson is  employed by the C.P.R. as station agent.  There friends here wait an opportunity  for extending congratulations.  the total production of copper in the  United States last year was 424,402,735  pounds. The output of the .irizona  companies is given as folloAvs: Copper  Queen, 22,260,696 pounds; United  Verde, 22,328,413: Arizona, 42,473,000;  Old Dominion, 5.620,000; Detroit, 6,985,-  150. Another year the Copper King  Avill probably be in the list.  Last year .the output of silver from  the Anaconda copper mines amounted  to 5,433,826 ounces. The shrinkage in  price on the Anaconda's production of  argentiferous product, alone from a vear  ago is fully $800,000. This is equal to  fully 6/16 of 1 cent per pound on 125,-  000,000 pounds of copper. The Anaconda has been getting out a very large  copper prodnct lately. It Avill be necessary to produce heavily in order to pay  10 per cent, dividends on a capital stock  of ��30,000,000. Every cent that silver  declines in price per ounce means a loss  to the Anaconda of ��54,338 on the basis  of last year's output.  KASLO.  SILVERTON.  The Fidelity has been surveyed for a  crown grant.  Mr. Martin, of the Fisher Maiden, arrived in! Silverton a feAv days ago and  was surprised to find the mine closed  down. This was the first intimation he  had of any close doAvn, and in all probability the Fisher Maiden Avill be one of  our working mines this Avinter.  The school meetirg held Monday  evening in the Townsite office was an  unlimited success. The parents turned  out in a body and, a school in the near  future is assured. Messrs. Hopkins,  Cross and Gordon were elected trustees  and an application has already been received for the position of teacher.  The working force at the Thompson  Group will be immediately .increased by  the addition of tAventy men and the  mine Avill ship all Avinter. Foss & McDonald Avill build the wagon road up to  the Group and expect to complete the  work in two Aveeks. With the Vancouver and the Thompson Group shipping  and the re-opening of the Wakefield and  Fisher Maiden the prospects for a busy  winter in our city are daily brightening.  PILOT   BAY.  resi-  ��� the  being re-  SLOCAN    CITY    DIVISION.  Cosmos,   .7 W  LOCATIONS.  Sept -.'���Delphian���C Culver  Sept.')���Firefly,    K Kurtsbols;  Moon.  SeitO��� Hi{fhOrc,;j AFoley; Annie, W dough  assessments.  Skit 1���Bruce,   Bostvorth,   Calderie.  Dorset,  and Next Best.  transfers.  Sept 1���Pose, D McDonald to D Graham  Whale, J Sinclair to D Graham  Seit 2���Klondyke, option.   P  McNichol   to   E  Dunn  Grant, Rose and Whale, 1/5. D Graham to Jos  -Saulter et al  Arcturus. J, W Pannell toT Blench  Arcturus. i/S, T Blench to L F Hipkins  Sept 3���Rosamond, J T Vick to B Dunlop  A terrible fatality occurred in Toronto on the 22nd inst, by Avhich four little  children Avere drowned while playing  on a raft.   An immense assortment of furniture,  loAver than Coast prices, at Crowley's,  New Denver. Freight paid on orders  to Sandon and all Slocan Lake points.  excellent con-  AVill  Trail  Sawyer   Bros,   are building a  dence   on   the point   overlooking  lake.  The Spaulding House is  paired   and   refitted   throughout, and  will be opened under a new name next  Aveek.  A good strike of free gold was made  one the Josie claim, situated about a  mile from Sanca. The Josie is one of a  group of three claims, the Josie, Butte  and Eureka, the property of Cresswell,  Clark, GetAVOod and Murphy of Pilot  Bay. Surface cuts on the Josie show a  pavstreak of 28 inches assaying S50 in  gold. On the Butte 23 ozs. silver, 40%,  lead and 7% copper have been obtained  from surface assays. A stamp mill  will be placed on tlie Josie claim and a  shaft sunk on the vein.  The repairs on the Pilot Bay smelter  and concentrator are iioav almost complete. The tug Kaslo has been sent to  Nelson for repairs to her boiler and  Avill commence hauling* ore in about  tAvo Aveeks. The concentrator Avill be  in operation before Oct. 1, and the furnace started to Avork Avhen tAvo or three  thousand tons of ore have been run  through. The Blue Bell mine, which  has iioav become a valuable proposition  on account of its high percentage in  lead, will be Avorkcd on a large scale.  Braden Bros, have lately been negotiating for some gilt edge properties m the  White Grouse and interesting developments may be looked for in that direction.  Weber Square Piano,  dition, for sale, SI50, or  for diamonds.    Box 226,  exchange  B.C.  Box and Kitchen Stoves for sale. Apply at the Hospital. t  When in   Vancouver stop at the  Manor House. t  For  four-bits   you  can  purchase  ancient neAvspapers at this office.  100  FLOAT.  It is helieved that there is at present  no exclusively silver mine in operation  in the United'States. There are several in Avhich silver is a by-product.  It is estimated that fully 8180,000,000  in gold yet remains in the unworked  gravel beds that lie betAveen Smarts-  ville, Yuba countv and Graniteville,  Nevada county, Cal.  It is claimed that the stack at the  Gaylord, Mont., smelter plant, is the  largest in the world. It is 200.5 feet  high. The foundation base is 47 feet  square and required 130 cars of stone.  The recent statementof the American  Copper Producers' Association showed  Glass Tombstones,  It is a 'comparatively.new. idea to put  op tombstones and monuments of glass,  iiistiiiu of marble or granite, but it is a  practical one and likely to meet with  great encouragement from those who  desire* those memorials to bo lasting.  GliiKs resists the elements and is to all  intents and purposes indestructible.  Stone of all sorts crumbles and disintegrates under the action of the elements.  Bnt glass remains and Avill endure for  centuries. It is, therefore, proposed that  all memorial tablets, Monuments and  headstoiits bo made of glass. Any color  may be sole r ted, pure ���white, of course,  having the lir.st choice. Lettering may  be put on in any style, and any device  or pattern may be used. It has long  been understood that for marine purposes thick plate glass is the only practical and appropriate material, resisting  storms and scus as no other substauce  can.���New York Ledger.  Borneo Marriages.  The marriage ceremony practiced by  the people of Borneo is short and simple. Bride and groom are brought before the assembled tribe with great solemnity and,seated side by side. A betel  nut is then cut in two by the medicine  woman of the tribe, and one half is  given to the bride and the other half to  the groom. They begin to chew the nut,  and then the old woman, after some  sort of incantation, knocks their heads  together, and they are declared man  and wife.  "What He Couldn't Do.  A student in one of the Buffalo medical colleges is responsible for the statement that at a certain place of public  entertainment one of the boys was bragging of his manifold accomplishments  until one of the company lost patience  and said in a gruff tone: "'Now, we've  heard enough about what you can do.  Con ' tell us what there is you can't  do, a_^ I'll undertake to do it myself."  "Waal," replied the student, with a  yawn, "I can't pay my account here.  So glad to find you're the man to doit."  And the critic paid the score amid  loars of laughter from the party.���Buffalo Commercial.  (From Our Regul-ir Correspondent.)  The Kokanee made her last trip of  the season to Argenta Monday.  The K. & S. has surveyors at work  in the Lardo-Duncan country.  The government trail from Ferguson to the mouth of Hall creek has  been completed.  The tug Kaslo is undergoing repairs  in Nelson, preparatory to being put into commission hauling ore for the  Pilot Bay smelter.  Alexander Dick arrived from Nelson Sunday and left tor the Slocan on  Monday. He expresses himself as  very, confident regarding his Slocan  interests.  J. B. Kelligan took his place on  the bench as police magistrate, vice  Chipman, resigned, on Monday morning. It cost the first victim $50 for  a Saturday night jag.  P. C. Catherill, of London, an English expert, is looking up investments  in this district. Arriving in Kaslo Saturday, he left Monday for the Lardo  Duncan district, where he will investigate the merits of several properties.  The finishing toucl.es have been  put on the Montezuma wagon road  and construction on the concentrator  is well under way. Garvey & English  have been awarded the teaming contract. The wire cable for the tramway,  which will arrive here this .week, is  three miles long and weighs over five  tons.  Dr. Selwyn, F. K. S. ex-chief of the  Geological Survey of Canada, Dr.  Coleman, chief ot the Geological Survey of the Province of Ohtario and  C. P. Thomas of Eegina, paid Kaslo  a short visit last week.  '��/��  WM. BENNISON, JNO.'.COVER.  Branches-  Everett. Wash. .  3ii Upper Brook St., London,  Members of the Rossland Stock Exchange  and Board of Trade. ���*���  H. E.  COVER.  Cable Address���"Bexxison."  Moreing and Keal,  Clouffh's (new and old),  Bedford Mc ���STe-ill.  and A B C Codes-*^-  WM. BENNISON  & CO., ROSSLAND, B.C.  DEALERS IN  AND  MINES  MINING SECURITIES  ���"Now, Willie," said thc teacher to the  second iboy in the geography class,  "can you "tell me Avhy it is that 'sun  never sets oh the Queen's dominions'?"  "Well, pa says there ain't no tellin'  Avhat them fellers Avould do after dark."  ���Chicago Journal.  ' E solicit correspondence with parties having  meritorious mining properties for sale,, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal cities of Canada, England and the United  States, and are in. daily receipt of inquiries lor  developed mines and promising prospects.  18 YEARS  EXPERIENCE  In active mining operations and reduction ol ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  B.C. enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information pertaining to mines and mining matters.  References given.  Parson's  Produce  Company  MERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Lord Stanley's Escape.  The Ladies' Pictorial says: "Lord  Stanley has a good deal of reason just  now to congratulate himself on a circumstance of which he was humorously  reminded in the house of commons last  week���namely, that he has narrowly  escaped being crown prince of Greece  at the present moment. It is a fact that  some years ago the crown of Greece was  offered to and decliued by the Earl of  Derby. Had he accepted it Lord. Stanley might now have been face to face  with the Turks and the concert of Europe instead of presiding over the kitchen committee of the house of commons."  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods  in Western Canada.    All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage.   Full stock carried  at Nelson, 13. C.    For yriccs write  or wire  V. J. KUSSKtL,:  Manager of Nelson Branch Par  son's Produce Company  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  A Poet's Explanation.  Question���Why do -women always  write love poems in the masculine gender?  AnsAver���Because we know women  too well to write in the feminine gender.���Lillie Ban* Munro in New York  Sun.    The Caller. L.  "Mi'.ry, has any  one  called while I  was our?"  "ips, ma'am; Mr. Biggs Avas here."  "Air, Biggs? I don't recall tho name."  "Ivo,   ma'am; be called   to see me,  m<> 'aru. "���Strand Magazine.  LAND   RKGISTHY    ACT.  In the matter of an application for a Duplicate of Certificate of Title to Lots 27 and 28  'Block 18; Lot 12, Block lit: Lots 21, 25, and  2G,Block 20; LotsTi, 0 and 7, Block Sii; Lots  7, 8,11 and 12, Block 3(i; Lots 5, ii, 19 and 20,  Block 45; Lots 11) and 20, Block 47; Lots 17  and 18. block 52; McGrillivray's addition to  the Town of New Denver B. C.  OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that it is my  intention at the expiration of one month  from the date hereof to issue a duplicate of  the Certificate of Title of William H. Smith, to  the above lands, dated 20th May, 1894, and  numbered 18208 A.  HENRY S. MASON,  Acting Registrar General.  Land Registry Office, Victoria, B C, Sept.���  1897.  N<  McMillan & Hamilton,  Wholesale    Grocers.  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B.C.  Our Nakusp branch is for sale.     Address  to Box 296, Vancouver, or Box 23, Nakusp.  c. s.  RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  COK R ES PONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD   and BONDED.   INVITED-���  Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  y^couvh;r s^SH a door c��-  Ltd.,  is prepared  to  furnish  all  kinds of   Rough  and  Dressed  Lumber, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, etc  All dressed lumber dry Coast  stock.  We are also prepared to furnish  plans and specifications,  with estimates on all classes of  buildings. Office and yard Na,kusp,  B. C. J. M. M'GHIE, Agent.  A. McKinnon & Co.,  General Merchants  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  in  the Slocan country.  largest  ""������"������  B8BBZ  Linton Bros'  book store.  irtt-Miaiytmi,  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  together  SA"W   3^IT_.I_.  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly filled.  Address letters to New Denver.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting Goods,  Fishing' Tackle,  Pipes, Oig-ars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining Laws & Maps.  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishings,  Special lines in balbreKKan, Carpets. Mats.  Floor and Table Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the latest, styles in Dress Goods and  Trimmings: in silks and velvets and  buttons: Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too numerous to mention.  "Millinery the latest style always on hand.  MRS. W   W. MERKLY.  E. Parris & Co.,  SLOCAN   CITY   and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies atTenMile Store. 


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