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The Ledge Oct 28, 1897

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 Volume V.   No. 4  NEW DENVER, B. C OCTOBER 28,  1897.  Price. $2 00 Year,  Spokesman-Review.  For some time reports have been com.  ing to Spokane that tlie laborers on the  Crow's Nest. Pass road were not receiving fair treatment, but the rumors could  not be traced to  a reliable source, and  attracted little attention,in labor circles  here owing  to tlie fact that  none but  Canadian labor is employed; in  the construction of the road.   A man arrived in  in   the   city   yesterday,   however,  who  claims  to have fiersonal  knowledge of  the methods of the  contractors, though  he   never   worked   a day  for   tliein in  his  life.   He is one of a gang of men  brought out from the east, being gathered up? at different cities in Canada, induced by flattering  piomlses   to   come  west   to   work   on   the   new   railroad.  , Arthur McLeod'is his name.   He is evidently an intelligent young Scotchman.  His story follows:  "Work was scarce dowu east," said  Mr. McLeod, ''and when I was promised  $45 per month to work on. the Crow's  Nest road I thought it was better than  doing nothing and agreed to come.  There were about 00 of us in the party,  and every one of us came on the under-  ... .standing that we would be charged $3.50  a week for board and lodging, with free  passage to the scene of operations.  "We arrived at Godfrey's camp, about  20 miles above Coal creek, a little ove1'  two weeks ago and found  as  soon as we  got on the ground  that  tlu; company's  definition of a month is 80 working days  and as we could  not  work on  Sundays  we would be paid a month's wages in 34  or 35 days.    Then, loo, each  one  had a  charge entered  against him for $30 for  transportation, in spite of  the fact that  most of us had contracts in writing stating that our transportation was to be at  the expense of  tlie  company.    Another  violation   of   the   agreement   was   the  charge for board, which   was  $5 instead  of $3.50.    You see,   the  railroad  people  thought they had us at their mercy, as  we were a long  way  away from   home  and most of  us  without money.    They  did not find  us  easy  prey,  however, as  we held a meeting and almost unanious-  1)' passed a resolution  refusing to accept  the terms offered, and declaring our intention of going back east and  making  it warm for those people who had lied to  us to get us to come west.  "The local officials   were  not affected  by our resolutions, the  reason  of  their  indifference, and possibly one reason for  their breach of faith with us, being that  ��� they had a carload of Italians  readv to  take our places at the  rates we  refused  to accept. Possibly a.dozen of our crowd  went to work rather than  hit the  trail  on the way back, but  there were about  70 of us who started for  the end of the  road next morning on  our  way back to  McLeod.    Most of the crowd  went back  east, some who  had  money  paid  their  fare, but most of  them   had  to  travel  hobo fashion.    Having friends  in  Spokane, 1 concluded to come  here, and so  I do not know whether any action   will  be taken to bring the people  who hired  us to account or not.    It  will  probably  be difiicult to  fix  the  responsibility, as  the contracts were made through an employment agency.    They  claimed, however, to represent the Canadian  Pacific  railroad.  "If wc had gone to work on  the terms  proposed, every one  of us  would liave  still been in debt to tlie company at the  end of the first month of 34 days'.    By a  system of extortion and overcharging,as  well as fines and dockages, tlie men who  have been at work  for some  time  are  rarely   in  possession    of any cash  and  some   of   the   time   checks 'I saw for a  month's work were worse than  some of  those that were paid  to   eastern  coal  miners before the recent strike.    There  was dissatisfaction loudly  expressed bv  laborers in every  department and 1 believe there will be serious  difficulty unless the tactics  of those in control  are  speedily changed.    A  number of teamsters who hae been hauling in  supplies  claimed they had not had a square deal,  but I don't know   the   nature   of their  complaint.    Some of them refused to do  any  more hauling  and   supplies  were  company has offered no explanation.  They are silent about every thing.  Tliey do not even say that they expect  to have money to pay tlie wages in the  near future, or to commence operation.  There is a wide difference of opinion expressed as to the cause of the shut  down. Some say the mine has entirely  run out of orej and has nothing to  look forward to. Others think it is all  for the purpose of getting hold ol; stock  held outside. A meeting of tlie shareholders is called at Cody on the 30th  inst: for the purpose of authorising a  loan of ��150,000, to pay off the debts and  develop tlie mine. What the debts are  for is not known. Enough treasury  stock was sold to pay for the mill and  train, and they have been shipping concentrates all this year. Since August  1st, 512 tons have been shipped. The  stock was quoted considerably above  50 cents last winter. It is now  quoted iu Spokane at 17.  SIXV.KRTON.  [Froni Our .Regular Correspondent.]  Levi Smith, assayer, has left, having  secured a position' in thc Reco. Mr.  Smith leaves many friends behind him in  Silverton, who wish him every success.  Ed, Nelson, of the Silverton News  Co., has bought out his partner C. K.  Hammond, of Sandon. Mr. Nelson is  the busiest business man here, and is  working up a good business by prompt  service and good fresh stock. *  R. O. Matheson, druggest, and H. J.  Matheson have left Silverton for a while  to do development work on one of their  claims. T. A. Coe will have charge of  the Drug Store during the absence of  Mr. Matheson.  School opened last week with Miss  Dyken of Vancouver as teacher. At  present 20 scholars are in attendance.  A big strike is reported on tiie Molly  Dooneruear the Vancouver. The Molly  Doone is owned by Silverton parties,  and may be one of our shippers this  winter.        __  BURTON    CITY.  There is no ground for the reports of  this being the toughest town in America. It is no worse than other mining  camps in B.C. A sample of the whiskey  sold hero has ;been sent to Vancouver  for analysis.  George Clark with eight men and- two  pack trains loaded with supplies went  to the Chieftian group on Cariboo creek  last week to work all winter.  James Brady, of Rossland, who has  the Promestora under bond for $25,000,  is expected to commence, work next  month. He has to spend $2,500 on it by  the 1st of Mav.  Nearly   twenty   claims tributary to  are to  be crown-granted' this  ous, and vigorous .population of miners  of one nationality is developing the  territory of a weak, alien state."  Thanks,  awfully,   Brother Jonathan,  but your kind offices  we  must most respectfully decline.    We are not quite so  weak as  you  imagine.    As far   as   the  trade of  the Klondike  district is  concerned, you will  find before next spring  that  Canadian  merchants  will furnish  the outfits and Canadian  transportation  companies  will have the profit; of carrying them.     The cities of Victoria and  Vancouver are quite able to take care of  the business that now goes  to  Seattle.  Canada enjoys/ under  the Washington  treaty, the right  of navigation  of "the  Yukon   river     through   United  States  territory, and is  able  to  reach   the district  from the    Pacific  ocean.    Canada  possesses a right of way  into the  very  heart of the gold  district,  both  via the  Yukon and Mackenzie  rivers, while we  have several ways of reaching the  interior.    The  route from  Edmonton  to  thc mouth of the Mackenzie river, for  instance,   involves   a   land carriage  of  only   1G3   miles���00 miles at  the  first  rapids on   the   Athabasca,   00  miles of  wagon  road from  Edmonton to Athabasca Landing, and 13 miles of obstructions at Fort Smith.   Edmonton,  as  it  is well known, is a station on the C.PR.  Then we have a route via Hudson  Bay,  which possesses great possibilities as to  cheapness and despatch in the handling  of passengers and freight.    Canada can  reach the Klondike gold fields from the  Pacific Ocean,  from the Hudson  Bay,  and  from  the interior of British  Columbia and the  North-AVest Territories.  The   United   States is   confined to the  Pacific Ocean.  : But Canada must assert its supremacy  and   independence   immediately.     We  must have customs officers on the ground  this season.    AVe  must  have control of  all the routes leading into  the  district.  Law  and   order   must obtain from the  start, and  our  Government must see to i  it that the wealth of the district does not j  pass into the hands   of  foreigners.    As  far as Canada is concerned, it would be  better would the Governmentabsolutely  refuse to grant a mining license or claim  of any  nature  until we  know  exact!}'  where we stand.    Tlie gold  is there and  will not 'deteriorate.    In the  meantime  the Americans are invading the country  and have already taken  out millions of  dollars,   while   the   estimates   of   next  year's output vary all the wav from $10,-  000,000 to $50,000,000.    The Government  should become fully seized of these facts,  that the gold belongs to Canada; that at  present it is being taken  out by Americans;, that   Canada   is   profiting  in no  respect from the new discoveries, while  our neighbors are reaping all the benefits.  The country is calling upon the Government to take immediate action. The  country expects the Government to keep  the Klondike gold fields for the Canadians. The Americans have treated us so  shamefully of late, through their obnoxious alien labor laws, that we are more  than justified in preventing them from  entering this country for the purpose of  seeking employment or of making gain.  If we acted on the principle underlying  the policy they have applied to Canada,  not a single American would be allowed  to enter the Canadian Yukon. Let Canada assert its supremecv.���The Toronto  World.  plans of the canal   in   one hand  other   hand  pointing  towards  trance,   Upon tho granite  pede  be medallions representing  in I  and the  the  on-  stal will  -as-relief  is   struck   on   the  the portraits of the three Khedives who  enouraged thc construction of the canal.  | NEWS IN PLACE |  %llllllllllllillillllll!ll!lllllllllllllllllllllll!illlllllllllllllllllllllllllli!!l!ll!ll#  X. 'Berubb  is   building an hotel  Burton City.  Some   nice   ore   w;  Adams last Saturday.  The Enterprise on Ten Mile will resume operations shortly.  J. M. Kellie, M.P.P., is in New York  looking up mining* deals.  Although not large the oat and wheat  crop this summer in Fire Valley was of  good quality.  James Dolaney received a painful  fracture of the arm last week by being  thrown from a horse by the animal  stumbling.  The cottage under construction by  Mr. Bolander, to be occupied by Dr.  Brouse, is enclosed and will soon be  ready for the painters.  The new steamer that has beeii under  construction all summer at Nakusp will  be launched in a day or two. It will  be called The Rosslaiul.    ,  The steamer Nakusp resumed its  .trips last week looking more like a  floating palace than ever before. Hanging on a bar improved  its appearance.  The settlers in the Fire Valley are  building a bridge across Fire Vallev  creek with the $300 that  the Govern -  for that pur-  XOTK    AND    COJIMKST,  this city  season."  THE   NVEKDLKS.  At the Needles, opposite Fire Valley  there are over 40 live mineral claims. "  The Aaron's Rod Mining Co. have  started a 500-foot tunnel on the White  Swan, average assays show $80 in gold.  There is considerable ore on the dump  but none will be shipped until the long  tunnel is completed.  THK    I'TDKLITY.  No sale has yet been made of the  Fidelity, although all kinds of rumors  have been circulated to that effect. A  small vein of water was struck in the  shaft recently, and operations suspended until the returns from a 05 ton  shipment to the Nelson smelter are received. The value of that shipment  will determine to some extent the  amount of money to be expended in  putting in pumping machinery and.  other improvements.  I.KT      CAN AW A     ASSERT     HERS EI. K.  growing  left.  scarce   at   Godfrey's   when   I  NOBLK    FIVE   CLOSED    DOWN,  No Explanation (Sri von   us   to  ov i'utuvo Intentions  lie   Ca list-/  The   Noble   Five    mine  closed down last Saturday.  and  The  mill  men  were given their checks, but have been  unable to get their money, the bank on  which they are drawn refusing to cash  them, saying there are no funds.    The  The New York Journal ventures the  assertion that the Klondike gold fields  "will be for all practical purposes an  American district." "Americans,'' says  our contemporary, " have done the  mining : the gold has been brought  to an American, mint. American merchants are furnishing the outfits to the  new pilgrims, almost all of whom are  Americans themselves, and American  transportation companies will have the  profit of carrying them." The Journal  goes on to state that in regard to the  new discoveries the Transvaal episode  has been reversed.    "A  strong, numer-  One of the evils of the present system  of land tenure in British Columbia is  beginning to show itself very plainly in  Kootenay just now, and particularly in  the northern   part of the district." In  this portion of the country the lumber  industry is now rising into considerable  importance.   The climate  being more  humid here  than   in South Kootenay.  our forests are more extensive and our  timber -more valuable, and  we are already not only supplying the home demand,but our lumber is finding a readv  market in the  lower country.'   But the  industry is  hampered  by  the dit'liculty  experienced by  newcomers  in the saw  mill business in getting  timber limits,  on which to get  out  logs.    The. timber  all over the country is i'ii the possession  of corporations and   speculators,  who  have acquired the limits from the government in years past  for a mere song,  aud are holding on to it till it increases  in value.    They are not  for the most  part making any other use of the limits  at all.    And the  country  is being kept  back and an  important' industry" hampered on account  of tbe  old-fashioned  methods  of disposing  of   the national  property in vogue at" Victoria.  The Father of the British Navy, Admiral of the Fleet, the Hon. Sir Henry  Keppel, has just celebrated his SSth  birthday. Despite his advanced age, he  still remains on the active list, and is 18  years older than Lord John Hay. who is  next, in seniority. Sir Henry Keppe*  has had a brilliant service career, which  dates back to the war between the East  India Company and the Rajah of Nan-1  ning, when he acted as lieutenant of the j  Magicienne at the blockade of Mooran.     j  M. Freniiet, the sculptor who has been j  commissioned to execute the statue of;  M. Ferdinand de Lesseps to be erected j  at the entrance to the Suez Canal, says ;  the monument will be of colossal propor-1  sions. four times life size. M.de Lesseps j  will be   represented  standing  with   the i  ment recently gave them  pose. /  :Ln vine service will be"> held in the  Presbyterian church on Sunday, Oct.  31st, at 11 a. m. All welcome. Strangers cordially invited. Preacher, W.  .). Booth.  The handsome residence of A. Mc-  Gillivray on Sixth Street is* neuring  completion. It will be one of the best  in West Kootenay, hard finished within  and rough cast without.  Recorder Alex Sproat has been appointed deputy of the District Registrar  under the " Births, Deaths and Marriages Act." Young-men matrimonially  inclined are thus saved the expense of  a trip to Nelson.  A force of men were put to. work this  week building a cabin on the Frisco,  cutting a trail thereto and getting  ready to push development work thereon. Ore is in sight, but the quantity is  yet to be determined.  Divine service will be held in the  Methodist Church on Sunday next at 11  and 7. Preacher R. N. Powell. Subjects : Morning, "The Father's dwelling  place; Evening, "Playing the, fool."  Song service after the evening service.  VV. Meldrum & Co. have adopted the  up-to-date style of window dressing.  The display tills week is very prettify  put on. There is nothing to be encouraged in our merchants so much as  handsomely dressed windows. Next  to the liberal use of printer's ink the  show window is the trade getter.  The Nesbitt C. 0. D. Laundry commenced operations this .week, after a  long wait for machinery and the ncces-  saryiappurtenances. Mr. C. M. Nesbitt  has employed Arthur Brown to fake  charge of the establishment. Mr. Brown  conies from Vancouver and isancxperi-  A new grain elevator will soon be  erected at Collingwood,having a capacity  of one million bushels.  There is considerable excitement  amongst oil men, owing to a large well  being struck near Florence, Ont.  The Postmaster General, Mr. Mulock.  is endeavoring to exact a postage upon  newspapers carried through the mails.  The Druinmond County Railway was  be formally opened on Oct. 22nd, and on  Nov. 1st Intercolonial trains will run into Montreal direct.  The Bank of Nova Scotia, in consequence of its increased western trade, is  about to open a branch office in Toronto,  which will be the first office it has established in Ontario.  The lady golfers of Ontario, who went  to Montreal last week to play against  the Quebec club of fair golfers* have returned home crowned with laurels, hav-  \yon a brilliant game forOntario.  A rich discovery of gold-bearing rock  has been made * on the farm of Ira  Swayze, a few miles from Jordan, Out.  Samples which liave been tested, show  that the metal is there in paying quantities.  Capt. Cook, a graduate of .the Royal  Military College, Kingston, has received  an offer, which' he will likely accept,  from the Imperial authorities* to take'the  position of assistant officer of the British  protectorate of Zanzibar.  An old resident of Petrolia, John W.  Chittick, committed suicide on'Wednesday night, Oct. 13th. At one time he  was a prominent business man, but  drink, that curse of mankind, brought  him to a prison cell, where he hung himself.  corded in any October in  the history of  Toronto.   Almost  at the same time a  cable from England says: "There is  snow on the Westmoreland Hills."  What will poor deluded Rudyard Kipling say now of the " Lady of the  Snows?"  William Green, an employee of the  Stephens-Campbell Company's Mills at  Chatham, while emptying wheat from  the second floor of the mill was drawn  down into the grain and despite the  efforts of his companion to extricate him  sank out of sight. When his body came  through to the lower floor life was extinct, as he had been fully fifteen minutes under the wheat.  The express, from Toronto on the Canada Pacific liy. collided with a freight  train near Stittsville on Thursday night,  killing three train employees, F. Laron-  dean, jthe engineer of the express; R.  Peden, mail clerk; S. Llastey, brakesman on the freight; and a drover from  Cautley, Que., who was stealing a ride.  The financial loss to the railway will  probably amount to over $30,000.  Capt. Currie has returned from his  trip of investigation in the Michipicoteu.  gold district and says that he is convinced tnat they will prove as productive as any yet' discovered in Canada.  He says there are a lot of tenderfeet  there who are doing more harm than  good to the country, because, as they  couldn't pick up gold nuggets in bushel  buckets, they say the country is no  good: One o'f the" best feature's of the  mines is that they have attained greater  depth than anywhere else in the world,  the shafts on some of the mines reaching  0,000 feet.  AV. A. Grenier,   the  defendant in  famous Tarte-Grenier libel suit, has 1  the  >een  sentenced V)}- Judge AVurtele, to six  months iinprisonmentin gaol. The people now look upon Mr. Grenier as a  martyr and think the sentence is too  harsh.  The !Government has decided to reserve the timber belts between the  western boundary of .Manitoba and tiie  summit of the Rockies, and also on the  Saskatchewan and in tlie Yukon, so as  to preserve the , young trees and afford  windbreaks.  Commissioner  ed Police writin-j  Ilerehmero!' ihe Mount-  _* to Ottawa, says : "Ten  tons of provisions for the dogs were  shipped with Major AA'alsh's party. . .  . . . This is to be left at different  pouts along the trail to the Klondike  for use on future occasions."  The trial ot AV. H. Ponton, the teller  of the Dominion Bank, has been going  on all week. The people of.Napanee  still believe that the accused is innocent,  although'the detectives working on the  ease think differently. No new evidence  has been  brought   to   bear, on the case,  Our Premier, Sir AVilfrid Laurier and  Madame Laurier visited Toronto last  week and were welcomed and feted in  the happy manner peculiar to that  queen of. cities. The Board of Trade  gave a sumptuous banquet in the Pavilion to Sir Wilfrid, which was attended  by the prominent men of the city, both  Conservative and Liberal, while the  ladies in magnificent attireoccupied the  balconies and listened with greatest interest to the speeches. Sir "Wilfrid, in  the course of his address, made the important, announcement that, "in two  years a fast Atlantic, service will-bring  Great Britain within four days sail of  Canada."  Bishop Pen-in was in Toronto this  week on his way home to British Columbia. He has been in England all  summer, where he attended the Lam-  md Ponton has declared  nothing of the robbery.  that he knows  enced laundry man  laundry there.  late of the Pioneer  I*KESI'VTERIAN   OIU'UOII   Ol'KStSii.  The formal   opening  of  the  Presbyterian  church   was  celebrated Sunday  morning, the Rev. Powell .of the Methodist church occupying the pulpit with  Mr   Booth.    Owiii��*  to  the  threatning  ��� weather the attendance  was not large,  but the services  were  greatly enjoyed.  In the evening Air. Booth   gave a brief  statement of the condition of the church,  his past efforts in connection with it and  his future  plans.    Monday  evening a  social was given in the church at which  there was a very  large attendance.    A  supper   preceded  a   vocal  and  instru-  mental^prograin all of whieh was heartily enjoyed.'   During the exercises Rev.  Powell,"Rev. Knowles, of Slocan City,  and   Mr.   Booth  made short addresses  appropriate to  the  occasion,  and   Mi-  Mitchell a  statement  showing the. receipts of tlie evening  and   the opening  services.    Combined   the  Sunday   services and and social  netted  tlie church  about   $75.     The  church  debt now  is  Ned Uanlan, the famous oarsman of  Toronto, has been receiving several  telegraphic messages lately, purporting  to come from his brother Jack, and asking for a loan of $100. The messages  were sent from Rochester and Tona-  wanda, and the police of said cities have  been advised of the matter and are now  looking for the man, ".lack."  Contributions   for   the   relief   of   the  sufferers by the late bush fires in Russell  and  Prescott counties aud   in Manitoba  arc; being sent in.   Toronto made a grant  of $1,00*'', ihuiiiliun   $500 and   Montreal  $5.(1(10.    Several  contributions from  pri  vate individuals have   been acknowledg  ed.     The   Ontario    Government   vote*  $5,000 towards the relief fund.  Wm.   Martin,   w  heroically   saved  10  a   tew  two  men  the  Lachine Rapids,  with the diploma of  umane  Society.  8425: $30u to the churc!  mi four years time.  buildini  l.un<l  Tltii    W.lKKl'iKf.I).  IL  hemuer, left Calgary last  on his way to Scotland. On  il at Glasgow  it  is  expected  day'  arri\  he   will   cable" his   brother   to  operations on   the   Wakefield.    A  and'concentrator will   be put in  property next spring.  Fri-  liis  that  resume  tram  it the  Go to  dnaws.  T.  II. Hoben'  lor   good  Mac  t  Cmistabl-  weeks ago  from drowning in  has been presented  the Royal Canadian  Chief ilughes, ot the Montreal police  force, who mane (he 'presentation, extolled his heroic act and said be i'el,  proud to have .Martin on the force.  Airs. Arch. O'Xeil and her 17-year-old  daughter ' were drowned on Tuesday  night in the Nove'rsink river, near Mid-  dleton, Out. Thev in company with  Arch. (VNeil and "\V. 1*7 o'Neil, 'a New  York lawyer, were, driving- home from  a wedding which they had'been attending at Mounlaindale. The night was  dark and the ford much swollen by recent rains. When midstream was  reached the wagon was upset and the  occupants were thrown out and carried  down the river by the. current. The.  two men succeeded in reaching the  shore but the. women were drowned.  On Friday. Oct. 15, the thermometer  at the Toronto observatory registered ��S('  in the shade, being   the   highest ever re-  beth ^Ccmforenco and the Jubilee  celebration. In conversation with a  newspaper man of Toronto he said:  "The Klondike has created a great  deal of excitement among the British  people. So much so is this that a new  word has been coined as a name for the  excitement and persons infected are  said to be suffering from Klondycitis."  He also said he thought British capitalists would be more likely to invest their  money in British Columbia than in the ,  Klondike.  Detective AArasson.  Chief of the Provincial   Constabulary,   objects   to   the  employment of Pink'erton detectives in  Canada, contending that  there are just  as good detectives'in. our own country.  Referring fo  the   employment  by  the  Dominion Bank of Na*-aiiecof a Pinker-  ton man to elucidate  the ���mystery surrounding  the   robbery   of  that    Bank,  Chief   AVasson   says '"That    no  Canadian officer would be  permitted   logo  to tin; United States to work on a case-  any officer doing so   would   speedily be  deported     And why  does   our country  submit to such   treatment without rais*-  imr objections:-'   All we want is for the  Government  to   protect our rights and  let us have Canada for Canadians.''  Fred. A. Fenton, who has just returned from the. Lake Wawa gold fields,  where he has been prospecting for the  British-American Prospecting' "t Development Company, says that "the  opinion of experienced nien is that the  Michipicoteu mining division is the  most promising oi the newer fields."  lie also says, -If !' w,-rc offered niv  choice between a claim in the Lake of  the Woods, the. Seine River and Michipicoteu division, I would choose one in  the last named. If you bear in mind  that the Michipicoteu district was practically unknown less than three months  since: that there is not a working* mine  or even a partially developed one in the  whole district, you can more readily  grasp the full significance of my choice.'"  Cir.VXfJK    OI''    NA.ltK.  Jn order to avoid confusion with the  \ ancouver house. .McMillan ,*v Hamilton  have changed the name of the firm at  Nakusp to John Cholditch & Co. The  stock at Nakusp is to be doubled and  every effort made to please the patrons  of this well-known and popular linn. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  Fifth Yeae  TORIES OF THE  E>LD��v  had been examining���the scarred and  battered case of a silver watch. It was  a man and not a blanket I had seen on  the wagon !"  AArhen a group of vetrean oil-men come  together in these latter times some rare  and splendid story telling is sure to  follow.    The other night a little coterie  of this sort was clustered'in one of the  cozy corners of an uptown hotel, writes  a New York  correspondent of the St.  Louis Globe-Democrat.     The market  furnished scant subject  for discussion,  and the talk soon drifted on the past.  Col. Jim.   Guffey,   who   was in at the  birth of Pithole and has had a hand in  the development of every oil field since  that day, started the ball rolling with  mention of the name of John V. Steele,  better known to fame and the world as  Coal-oil   Johanny.      "T   knew   Steele  well," said   the   Colonel,   "and he has  been as badly lied about as any man  who ever lived.    All  the stories 1 have  read about him recently are untrue. In  character he was totally  different from  what he has always been pictured; he  was anything but a bad man or a wild  youth.   When the AA7idow McCliutock  .waft'burned to death, in the winter of  '0-2, it was found that she had left $100,-  000 and a large number of very profitable oil leases to Steele, then a young  man of 20, whom she and  her husband  had   taken   from   the   poorhouse   and  legally adopted four  or" live years before. '   Steele,   who   had   never   been  farther in the world than the nearest  town, was   an ignorant   country   boy,  good natured and  good   looking, but  without the slightest idea of the'value  of a dollar.    About this time he fell in  with his   evil   genius���a   man   named  Slocum. who  had been a sailor on the  lakes and a brakeman on the railroad,  and   who ^filled   Steele's   head   full of  stories of the outside world.   Slocum's  tastes were low, but Steele cared little  for the dog and prize lights he was induced to attend through his influence.  Slocum collected a crowd of his friends  around him, which iSteele paid'for, but  "the latter cared little for the drunken  carousals and the wild orgies in which  he is said to have indulged.   Slocum,  who obtained such an influence over  him, died more than 20 years" ago in  jail, ivhere he was imprisoned for debt.  Steele himself,  when his fortune was  gone, went  back to hard work with a  smile on   his   face,   and is now living  contentedly on a farm in Nebraska.    I  doubt   if  W ever   worried about the  money   whieh   he   squandered   in  his  palmy days.    It was a curious fact that  the   McCliutock     farm,     from   which  Steele's money came, after being abandoned as worthless, has been revived,  and in the last ten years has made another man rich.   That man is John AV.  Waits, of Oil City.   Waits grew up in  Rouseville, and thoroughly understands  the oil business.   Some "years ago he  made a careful study of the abandoned  wells along Oil Creek, and came to the  conclusion that,  with improved appliances  for   pumping now in use, they  could be made to yield oil in paying  qtiantities.    He bought the McCIin'tock  farm for a few hundred dollars,-and had  a number of the oil wells cleaned out,  torpedoed,   and   rigged   for pumping.  They all produced oil, as Waits thought  they would, but he  has obtained the  best results from the new wells he has  drilled on the frrm.   Nearly all of his  wells have proved good nroducers, as  Oil Creek wells go now.   From an ab-  doned  farm,    thought   to  be next to  worthless,   Waits    developed    a very  handsome property."  "You are right,Colonel.about Steele,"  broke in Capt. J. J. Vandergrift. "He  certainly has been sadiy misunderstood.  You will remember that he was not  quite 21 when old Mrs. McClintock  died, and I was appointed one of his  guardians,appointed bj' the court pending his majority. His daily income at  that time was just a trifle over 83,000���  a handsome revenue, but not half so  large as Jim McCray's a few years later.  AVhen the oil excitement began McCray  owned a hill farm three or four miles  from Oil City, which, after it had been  demonstrated that oil could be found on  the hilltops as well as in valleys, was  one of the first upland properties to be  developed. This was in 1870, and Me-  Cray leased his land at ��1,000 an acre  bonus and half the oil. Every well  drilled on the farm proved a good one  arifl   Fr*v n     Innrp    f'm/a    Af^PvfnT*c    incnm/  deuce  imple  in  Franklin/Pa.  and settled  means upon her. It was well  that he did it, for it enabled the two old  people to round out their days in comfort. Both died about twelve years  ago. Few'people are aware that on the  Story farm, which adjoined the Mc.Cray,  Andrew Carnegie laid the foundation  of his present fortune. Carnegie and  some of his friends bought- the Story  in 18(51, and from it they "sold, all told,  more than ��10,000,000 worth of oil. Before selling the farm to Carnegie, Story  had offered it for ��4,000. It was one of  the richest oil farms in the world.''  "I remember McCray well." said another member of the group.    **He was  a queer one, but not half so odd a num-  bei as old   Ned  Clapp,   of President,  seven miles above Oil City. Clapp, who  is now about 70 years of age, owns 8,000  acres of land right on the borders of  rich   developed   oil   territory.      Wells  drilled  on one edge of his tract have  proved absolutely that some of his property is valuable petroleum land, and it  probable that the great bulk of his 8,000  acres is equally good.   If this be  the  case, Chi])]) is the richest man   in the  oil regions, but he will not sell or lease  an acre of his land, nor operate it himself for oil, and in spite of the  fact that  he has been   paying heavy taxes on it  for 30 years, and on some of it for even  longer!    The land brings him  nothing  as iflies.   None of it is good for farming purposes.    The large portion of it  is heavily timbered, but as he never  cuts a tree, he derives no income from  this source.   Some 6,000 acres  of this  land lie in as wild and unbroken a section of the country almost as there is in  the State, and without there being any  possible rise for them, Clapp has built  line   roads   all   through   his property.  Road building has long been one of his  hobbies.     All   his   roads begin at his  residence on the banks of the Allegheny,  River, but none of them goes any place  in particular.    Some of   them end abruptly in the woods, and have remained  uncompleted for years,while Clapp has  gone   ahead   building   roads  in other  parts of   his   forest   lands.   He builds  his roads mostly   by   employing   men  wdio come along"looking for work.    Indeed, as he is noted for his generosity,  it is thought by   some  that   he builds  them to give employment to idle men  and for no other reason.   Not wishing*  to give money directly and receive no  equivalent,  thus    inviting   imposition  from unworthy persons, he sets them to  quarrying stone a-id working on the  roads!'   Be this as it may,  he"has got  many miles of magnificent driveways  through a large scope of country that is  inaccessible."  "One of the queerest of the many  queer things Clapp has done in the  course of his life was to purchase a store  filled with" merchandise, lock it up just  as it stood, and never allow it to be  opened again for business. This was a  dozen years or ago, and the goods are  still in'the building, several thousand  dollars worth, mou  awav.   The store which is  goods  t  and rotting  located at  President, not. far from Clapp's house,  thought that the  account   of light  long-  was somethiig over ��7,000 a day. Although he soon had more money than  he knew what to do with, he longed for  more, and finally conceived the idea of  storing his oil and holding it for an advance. He built tanks at large expense,  and stored upwards of 200,000 barrels.  Instead of advancing in price oil began,  to go down, but still McCray held on.  Some of his tanks burst, others were  struck by lightning, and still others  were tapped by oil thieves, who carried  off thousands of barrels at night. In  one way and another he lost the bulk  of his holdings. The remnant he sold  for $1 a barrel. In this attenvpt to increase his wealth, McCrav, if I am not  mistaken, lost nearly ��1,000,000.  "About this time McCray and Jim  Fiske   became    fast    friends.      Fisk's  partner, Hurley, was then  very active  in the oil trade, and  Fiske himself was  largely interested in the transportation  end of it.   On one occasion  Fiske invited McCray, who was an uncouth old  codger, to visit New York, and to that  end provided a special car on the Erie,  and  induced several of his friends to  join the excursion.   It was a great trip,  the bill for champagne and cigars alone  being in the neighborhood of  ��2,500.  Here in New York Fiske cave a dinner  in honor of McCray and alarge number  of   brokers   and   business   men   were  present.   AVhen the banquet was ready  McCray could not be found, and they  were obliged to proceed without him.  During* the meal word: came  that  Ale-  Cray was in a billiard saloon in a basement near liy.    Sure  enough, there he  was found, liis coat  off.   but his  white  kid gloves still on  his  hands,   playing  billiards with   a   colored man.    In response to an urgent appeal  to come at  once to dinner, he replied that  he  had  already dined at a restaurant across the  road, and was not hungry. I have been  told   that    McCray's   association  with  Fiske cost him a good slice of his money.  Sharpers and blackmailers got more of  it, and large as his fortune was, it was  fast going in one way or another, when  his wife, at last  prevailed  upon  him to  set apart ���something for her in the event  of disaster.    He bought her a fine resi-  was the only one for several miles  around, and the country people came  long distances to trade. The business  done was light, but there was some all'  the time, ank it is not  store was closed on  trade. It would be more like Clapp to  keep it open for the benefit of the public  although he lost money by so doing.  He had a partner in the store. One  morning he came into the store and told  the clerk he had bought out his partner. 'Nail up all the doors and windows,' said he, 'and give me the key.  AAre will not sell any more goods.' The  clerk did as he was ordered, and the  store still remains in that condition,  with goods rotting on the shelves. To  this day no one knows just why it was  done. 'I said that Clapp has refused to  sell or lease any part of his land. This  is not literally true, as some years ago  he did lease a few acres to an oil-man.  Two or three wells were put down on  this lease, and proved a large stretch of  country to be good oil land. Clapp,  however, refused to sell or lease any  more, and says that he regrets that he  gave this lease. The Standard people  once offered ��750,000 for a part of his  land, but he declined to accept it. He  will put no price on the whole or any  part of it, but simply declares that it is  not for sale or lease. Oil-men have  given up all hope of getting anything-  from Clapp, and have left him to guard  his hidden mine of wealth. He says  that when oil gets to ��10 a barrel he  will open it up himself, which means, of  course, that it will never be opened up  while he is alive."  "However," said another member of  the group, "Clappy has made better use  of his money than old Squire Newell, of  Bradford, did of his. Talk about spendthrifts ! Johnnv    Steele  was   a miser  compared to Jewell.   The Squire,  as  he was called, made his appearance in  McKean county about 30 years ago as  agent of Boston capitalists ' who owned  nearly   250,000   acres   of   land   in that  section.   He looked like a Jew, but was  a   Yankee   born   and   bred, with   the  pluck  needed by a financial agent in  the   wilds,   and'until   1870   faithfully  served the capitalists who had entrusted him with their property, at the same  time securing large holdings for himself.  With the advent of the oil-men, however, he began to go wrong.  Wine and  women ruined him.    "Piece by  piece,  warrant by warrant, lands owned  by  Newell or" his principles faded away,  while the hand of the Squire did little  to stay the invaders who were robbing  him with little ceremony and less respect than they would have shown toward a Digger Indian.   He retained a  few farms and   city   lots,   which have  been a source of great revenue to  his  family, but the large tracts in his keeping were practically given away to the  oil-men and land sharks. The revenues  obtained by  Newell were squandered  in every conceivable way.   One of  his  ventures was an opera house which he  called the academy.   It   was built of  wood and was soon destroyed by one of  the lires so alarmingly frequent in the  early   days   of   Bradford.    Only a few  vaudeville performances ever occupied  the   boards.    Sharpers,  gamblers  and  beats of  every   grade victimized  and  played upon his weakness as  successfully   as   though   their   schemes  were  directed   against   a   child.     Even the  ancient gold-brick  trick  cost him several thousand dollars.    In   his  cups  he  would back any note that  was  handed  him, and was so  accomodating  on this  score that sharpers dubbed him the in-  dorser of the citv.    He staked  broken-  down actresses and stranded theatrical  troupes and sent them on their way rejoicing-. Ten years of fast life broke  down a constitution naturally robust.  Newell's physical and financial resources gave way about the same time, and  his relatives stepped in to check a career that could only end in ruin and  death. The remnants of his estate were  taken from his legal charge, and his  family supported liim out of the proceeds and assumed rents until his death  some six or seven years ago. Johnny  Steele never squandered as much money  as Newell. Steele may have thrown  away ��1,500,000. Newell frittered or  gave away five times that amount. His  family received less than ��250,000 from  the wreck of his fortune. Newell was  the easiest mark the oil country has  ever known."  "Newell," said a former oil scout, who  is now an editor, "was a great friend of  Bill Gallagher, the well-shooter. Bill  and his brother Jim are all that are left  of a family of seven. The other five  brothers have been killed one after another while handling nitro-glycerine.  Bill and Jim Gallagher once gave me  the liveliest experience of my life, and  one that I don't care ever to have repeated. AAre were riding one night  along the streets of Glean, and Bill was  telling me about the tricks of glycerine-  thieves, when of a sudden the sky away  to the south of the town was reddened  by a vivid flash and the ground trembled beneath us. Bid said that the thieves  whose practice is to do their work at  night and then fire the looted magazine  in'order to destroy all traces of their  crime, had been at it again, and had  just robbed and blown up a magazine  Ixdonging to the Gallaghers, and located on the Wildcat road, a couple of  miles out of Olean. He declared that if  we made haste we might overtake the  thieves, and next instant we were  driving rapidly behind a splendid team  of blacks along the main street of  Olean, and out into the night. Half an  hour later we turned into the forest  road leading to the scene of the explosion. Bill leaped from the wag-on,  and closely inspected the roa'd with the  aid of a lantern. The fresh imprint of  wheels and horses' hoofs showed that  the thieves had been there within an  hour, and the direction in which they  had gone.  "Bill climbed back into the wagon,  saying that, as the thieves had carried  away a heavy load, we should be able  to overhaul them, and we. ag-ain started  iu pursuit. At short intervals one of  brothers would leap to the road, and  hurridly inspect it with a lantern. Each  time the trail was easily discernable.  We had gone but a short distance when  the full moon came out from behind a  cloud, making the road plainly visible  for a long distance ahead. At "the- end  of another half a mile the rattle of a  wagon came to us through the clear  night air, ��� plainly audible above the  creaking of our own vehicle. Jim pulled  up, and we all bent our heads and listened. The wagon was coming toward us  at brakeneck speed from in front. We  had halted at the foot or a steep hill,  and at their present pace the hprses  would soon become visible at the top of  the incline. A moment later they shot  into view at the top of the hill. A dark  object, that was either a blanket or a  man, was outlined against the shining  tin boxes, which filled the wagon the  half-craged animals were dragging after  them.  "The thieves'team was miming away,  and, as the road was narrow, would  next moment be in deadly collision with  our own. Quicker than it' takes to tell  it Jim pulled his norses sharply to the  right and gave them a Avicked lash with  the whip. Startled by the blow, th��**.y  leaped into the bushes at the side of the  road and stuck fast, with only one of  the rear wheels projecting into the highway. "Run, and lie down," shouted  Bill. We needed no urging. The three  of us as one leaped from the wagon and  fled away from the road���and death.  Step by step I fought my wav through  a thick undergrowth of bushes, threw  myself on thegrouud, and waited for the  explosion. A moment later there was a  deafening report, and the brush about  me was raked as if by a galling fire of  grape and canister. For what seemed  an age the deadly fusilade continued.  Then it ceased almost abruptly as it  began, and its echoes died slowly away  among the hills. I scrambled to my  feet, and, Jim and Bill appearing- unharmed in answer to my shouts, we  started back to the road. The brush  through which we hurried/broken, torn,  and covered with dust, looked as if it  had been swept by a hurricaue. More  impressive still, our hands soon came in  contact with shreads of raw flesh clinging to the bushes.  "Such a scene of wreck and desolation  as   the moonlight   finally   displayed   I  never want to see again.    AAre found our  horses about 20 feet from  the roadside.  They had been lifted bodily and blown  that distance, but aside from a few cuts  and bruises were unharmed. Our wagon,  however,  had been literally reduced to  kindling wood,  the  tongue  being   the  only portion of the vehicle that remained intact.   A rod or so below the spot  where Jim had  driven  his horses into  the bushes we found a great hole in the  middle of the road a dozen feet  in diameter and three or four feet deep.   Embedded in the bank a few  yards distant  were several  fragments of the thieves'  wagon, and for inanj' rods down the hill  we found the road littered with pieces  of spokes, iron and fragments of horses'  flest.   As   we   stood   looking    at    the  wreck the sound of footsteps came to our  ears from the top of the hill.   Two men  were coming toward us as fast as they  could run.   Bill motioned to us to keep  silent, but the next moment the strangers  caught sight of  us  and  slackened  their pace. Then one of them cried out :  'It's the Gallaghers,' and ran  back up  the hill,   followed   by his companion.  Before we could overtake them they had  plunged into the   bush and were "gone.  We returned in disgust to the scene of  the explosion. Suddenly a round, bright  object caught Bill's eye.    He picked it  up and began examining it  by the light  of the moon.  "Did anyone notice a black object on  the wagon ?" I asked. "That might  have been a blanket or a���"  "Man ?" interposed Jim. "Yes, I  thought it was a blanket."  " 'And so did I," said Bill in a low  voice, 'but the horse that wore this will  never again be curious about the time  of day.' As he uttered these words he  placed in my hand the  bright object he  WHEELING   IX   MUNICH.  'get  I brought two American wheels with  me to Munich, and after a glance at the  finely-macadamized streets began to  prepare for some good riding. Some  Germans whom I met in the bicycle  shop to which I sent my wheels' for  cleaning were aghast at my termeritv.  "AVhat!" they exclaimed. "Rideyour  wheel in Munich before learning enough  German to understand the signs ! fit's  madness. Besides, you can't ride until  you pass .your examination and  your numbers."  Upon investigation I found rather a  curious state of affairs, judged u*om our  American standpoint. In the first  place, every bicycle in Munich has to  carry two metal'numbers, one fastened  to tlie handle-bar and the other behind  the saddle; my number is 16,535, from  which it seems that there are a good  many wheels in use here. These numbers are [issued by the 'police authorities, and cost five marks (��1.25). They  enable the police to identify and fine a  rider who breaks a rule. If you run  over and kill any one, any person witnessing the act can take your number,  go to the police office, and find out who  you are, thus permitting the friends to  begin a suit for damages. In New York  the bicycler who runs down a helpless  pedestrian coolly rides away after giving a fictitious address. The Germans  manage things differently. Both numbers on a Munich bicycle must be kept  where the police officers in the streets  can see them easilv.  Port of Nakusp  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real testate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  Kea<ly to "Work.  It is refreshing to hear of an aspirant  for public office who frankly admits his  ambition, yet disdains to seek |a position in which he will have nothing to do  but to draw his salary.  Two wayside pilgrims were discussing the corrupt practices of modern  politicians.  "Raggsy," said one of them, "you  don't hankei after a gov'ment job' do  yo?" '    '  "I don't mind sayin  could get   it,  J.R.& B. Cameron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing-  ���: in the:���  -,. Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailofs    flft.  shopsa^xHftEEFORKS & SANDON.  jof the  I'd  the other, "but  that's all fat.  wages i"  "An  Shabbalong,  I  don't  I'm willing  take one ef. I  responded  want no job  to earn my  wot sort o' job would be about  your size ?"  "Well, I'd like to fill fountain pens  for some assistant see'etary 'o the  treasury."  In New Denver;  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  I have received  my stock of.  Fall  and  Winter  Goods  and invite  the people  of the Slocan to  call in and inspect them.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor,  Williamson Block, New Denver,  W NEW Vr\Rl\IVPl-��   RT  ���       Is a new house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  ffor the taaveling public.       The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  B.C  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON *- BARRETT  The Jab  room  ef  The Ledge  The ProsDBCtors' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  Sl.n0  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Conner (by Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead  -I 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 oO  Gold, Silver and Copper  3 00  Platinum  ft 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and  percentage  of  Coke, if Coking  Coal) '.  4 0  Terms: '.Cash With .Sample.  June 20th. 1805.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  Is the finest west of the Red River  ...... -The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior.   ...... There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No  blacksmiths employed,  ders by mail, express,  pack train     If you.are in the Slocan metropolis call in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out of the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing- to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  .-'V  Chinese or  Send or-  freign t or  ilffe-  FBED  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  JSTA.KXJSF, - - BO. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  3  THE   LITTLE    ONE.  I ain't afeard on Death to look���on the la.id, or  tbe fur-off sea;  Fer Death once come i�� my home an' took a little  one off from me;  An' thai- tvuzn't a sn.ile fer a lonesome while in  tlie home whar she use to be���  I ain't afeared o' Death sence he took a little one  off from me!  She wuzn't afeared!   .   ... fer day by day���still  on the mother's breast,  Unuoiniilaiii' she went away,���we  whisperm':  "God knows best!"  Never a word from her lips wuz heard as the days  and the nights went on���  Only the arms rouii' the mother after the soul wuz  gone !  I reckon it's right, but somehow I'm always wanting to know .  Jest why the good Lord took her from the ones  that loved her so ?  Minister says : "Twuz to bring us all close in the  Master's keep;"  But fer her I'd take my chances out with the  poor, lost sheep !  If I only kuowed she wuz livin'���thar, whar she  used to be���  If only she had the daylight, an' the darkness  come on me!  If only, when the shadders come, up from the  gloomy west,  I could  hear the mother callin' her home, an  rockin' her still to rest!  But she's gone, the way that we all must go, an'  tlie mother an' ino must moan ;  She wuz sicli a little bit of a thing to go in the  dark alone!  Hut sweet, mi' uiieoniplainin' she lived her happy  dav;  An' I ain't ufi'.-uvd on Death to look slncetlie little  one went that way !  ���Frank Ij. Stanton,  picture she drew first in black and  white, then in water colors, and then  how out of tissue paper she cut the  practical pattern. She and a number  of her kind, joined a dressmaking class  last winter and the result is a shirt  waist sale next week for some special  charity. Each bodice must bear the  name of its maker, and the proudest  girl is the one who both designed and  made the .pretty blouse which, is her  offering. Then, too, she is studying up  interior^ decoration. Mamma permits  her to arrange certain effects in the  reception roan, in her own room, or  wherever a change is needed.  One of our wisest studies has been  to learn Iioav to set a table artistically,  and at the least expense. When you  think of the days when girls were given  over to making that uselesss lace out of  twine or putting silk pieces together to  form that abomination known as the  crazy quilt, it certainly does seem as if  the girl of today, not"permitted to go  out into society at a very early age, is  teaching herself something that will be  worth while when she is tlie mistress of  a house.���Chicago Tribune.  Tin-:   HB,VL-ALL.  he landed at Seattle the newspaper reports from there gave his fortune as  only ��110,0007'  "Even that is a good deal of money."  "Very true, but the next time we  heard from him he was in San Francisco  and the best they could make of it there  Avas a little less than $50,000."  "Pretty good pay for a year's work,  anywavO'  "Unquestionably; but he reached  Chicago this morning with a letter of  credit for $8,51(5, which represented the  total value of the gold that; he and his  partner had brought down and delivered at the San Francisco mint and they  want me to board them for nothing- all  winter so that they can have that.for  their expenses when they go back in the  spring.  It is strange, indeed, that some fortunes that seem to be as big as a house  at a distance cannot be seen with the  naked eye when they get into the same  ward-with us.  WHY    HIS   (JUIT.  VICTIM    OF    ANOTHKIt'S    Wl'iDDINO.  IJice Thrown'til,, a. Newly   Wedded   P  *U;il to a Now Kulo on tho Pennsylvania Kuili-oad.  nil-  This is the story of a grain of riqe. It  was small, unattractive and uncooked,  and was one of a shower that was  tin-own after a newly Avedded couple in  the railroad; station tit Wilmington,  Del., when they boarded a train bound  for NeAV'Vork.  The bridesmaids and ushers folIoAved  ��� the newly made husband and wife to  the station, secreting on the way the'  usual bags of rice and old shoes to be  thrown after the unsuspecting couple.  The bride and bridegroom took  their seats in the Pullman car, and  talked to the group of friends until the  signal for the starting of the train Avas  given. Then the bridesmaids and the  ushers hurried to the platform, and as  the train moved sIoavIv out of the station  the fun began.  Rice fairiy rained over the car. It  fell on the roof in a shower; it pecked  in through the open������ Avindow upon the  young couple, and it fell into the engine-room on tho engineer. Just as the  train moved away an extra hurricane  fell on the platform ofthe car Avhere the  brakeman stood. "   '    .  Of course every one laughed. The  cynife has not yet been found avIio Avou'd  be disagreeable enough to object to  rice-throwing.-. at a Avedding. People  brushed it out of their clothes, and tried  to look as though they enjoyed it.  But the brakeman got se\ oral grains  of the' rice in his ears, He shook them  out as he supposed, and thought no  more about tlie matter until next day,  Avhen he noticed a sharp pain in his  right car. It'became so intense towards night that he decided to go to a  doctor next day.  The doctor tried all sorts of simple  remedies to discover the cause. No one  thought of the rice. The ear Avas  syringed and. washed repeatedly, but  tiie pain .and throbbinir became most  Dear blossom of the. wayside kin,  Whose hoinelv, wholesome name  Tells of a potency within  To win thee country fume.  The sterile hillocks are thy home,  J'eside the windy path ;  The sky. a piile and lonely dome,  Is all thy vision hath.  Thy unobtrusive purple lace  Amid the meagre grass  Greets ine with loii'C-reinemberedgrace.  And cheers me as I pass.  And I, outworn by petty care,  Aiid vexed with* trivial wrong,  I heed thy brave and joyous air  Until niy heart grows strong.  A blessing from the Power I crave  Tliat moves in thee and me,  That makes thee modest, calm and brave,  Me restless as the sea :  Thy simple wisdom I would gain���  To heal the hurt life brhnrs  With kindly cheer, and faith in pain,  And joy of common things.  ���Charles G. D. Roberts.  IIKANTK    DATKS    AUICKf.C.  Talking   of   Discovery,   Wilson   Discovered  Klondike in 1884.  Arkell's  ov  right  intense, and   the   doctor directed the  patient to consult an ear specialist.  The specialist decided that a. foreign  substance had lodged in the ear. He  svringod it Avith Avater and then Avith  oil. He probed into thc ear canal with  little hooks of Acinous sizes and shapes.  All the time the brakeman Avas suffering more and more. He could not sleep  athight, and thought he would go mad,'  He said that some insect was in his ear.  He could hear it buzzing till the time.  Then the specialist called in another  doctor, and they held a consultation.  They decided to use a pair of forceps on  the brakeman's ear. He said they could  do anything they liked Avith him ; anything" to stop iheipain and buzzing.  So they got a pair of the finest forceps  bent about to suit the delicate ear canal  and they reached gently into that ear  and felt'about until" they" found a small,  liard substance. It was draAvn out  softly and carefully. It was a grain of  rice.' "It had swelled slightly in the ear-  prison.  The brakeman was mad. HeAvent to  Trainmaster Frank Carlisle, of the  Maryland Division of the P., W. and B.  Railroad, and made a complaint against  the practice of rice-throwing. The  trainmaster issued an order to the trainmen giving them special instructions to  prevent rice-tliroAving Avithin the stations.  A celebrated specialist of Noav York  said to a World representative ; The  ear is one of the most delicate of organs.  Foreign substances often lodge there;  insects frequently get in the ear, and  children are very much addicted to  putting peas, in fact anything they  handle, into their ears.  The tendency of such substance is to  swell, and this'causes intense pain and  sometimes suppuration. The usual  method is to syringe the ear out. This  brings out the substance as a rule; but  in obstinate cases we use oil. If it still  resists small steel hooks are used.  There is a slight bend in thecal* canal  which, makes it difficult to reach any  object that litis passed a certain point.  1 do not myself approve of using forceps. They arc apt to push the object  further in and sometimes injure the ear  drum.  The pain begins Avhen the substance  swells. Sometimes the pain is excruciating. 1 should imagine that a grain  of rice Avould haA-e groAvn softer, but it  evidently did not do so in this case.  When an insect gets in thc ear Ave hold  a sponge saturated Avith chloroform  against the opening. This kills the  insect, avc then syringe it out.  Now go glimmering W. J  claims to the Klondike region  of discovery.  The Klondike, was discovered some  six or seven years before Arkell's party  did its alleged discovery.  The real discoverer of the Klondike  is now in Alaska, working might and  main on his placer claim, and making  no pretensions to the claims he has not  developed, but his relatives'say that if  Arkell pushes his flimsy claim, the  Alaska prospector Avill make his good.  "Arkell's claim is preposterous ; it is  enough to make a horse laugh," said  Ilarloy Seldon, of Minneapolis. The  real and only discoverer is my brother-  in-law, H. W. Wilson, avIio found the  Klondike in '81, avIio is hoav on the  ground, and Avhom 1 am about to join.  I have engaged passage and Avili sail  from Seattle on the next steamer.  Why, 1 have seen my brother-in-law's  diary years ago telling of the discovery  of the Klondike. Now, if the Arkell  party really, back up Mr. Arkell in his  claim, they are perpetrating a fraud,  because if they eArer saAv the Klondike  at all, which Tgreatly doubt, they must  have seen the cabin erected there by  my brother-in-law, Avith his name and  those of his two partners cut in the logs.  That cabin is the proof on the ground  of prior discovery by Wilson, and his  notes and records Avill supply all the  other material to knock Arkell's claim  into a cocked hat.  '���This is the Avay; Wilson came to discover the Klondike, in the summer of  ISfc-U, Avith two companions, lie started  north in the valley of the Fraser riA-er,  searching for the mother lode of the  Fraser river. The party went clear to  the head waters of the Fraser without  being rewarded for their efforts. Then  they"struck across to Alkalai or Teslin  lake and Avent down the north shore of  the Yukon which flows in from the north  side.     They found fair pannings as they  UEV.  IX V.  LUCAS,  1). o.  A young married man in Philadelphia had a salary of $2,000 a year in  that big* city. There Avasnear his office  one of the most gorgeous of gin palaces,'  where -.he used to get his morning  draught just before going to his Avork,  and ���where, he used to spend all his  evening card playing and drinking.  So much of his salary was consumed  in this way that he Ava's obliged to take  a cheaper' house farther, out from the  center; in fact, a little outside the corporation.  Coming down one beautiful May  morning he sjiav Tom, the saloon-keeper, in the street in front of his saloon  talking to a couple of bright young  girls, in a splendid two-horse carriage.  Tom turned his head, and seeing his  punctual customer, said, "I'll be there  in a minute, Bill."  Bill walked inside and waited.  When Tom came in he immediately  went behind the bar to prepare the  usual drink for his familiar friend and  patron.  Bill asked : "Whose carriage is that,  Tom?"    ���  "Why, Bill, Bill, that's mine. Do you  knoAV 13111, that get up cost me nearly  82,000. My girls gave me no peace until I got them something they wouldn't  be ashamed to drive around the city  Avith. I tell you, Bill, there's no getting  along-   Avith   g*irls noAV-a-days without  extending from the coast line of the  Arctic ocean  doAvn  to   the general  northern limit ofthe forest,      On the  west coast of Hudson Bay they reach  southward to north latitude 59 degrees,   and   thence their    southern  boundary extends in a northwesterly  direction, roughly at right angles to  the magnetic meridian,   to  within a  short distance of the mouth of the  Mackenzie river, crossing the Kazan  at Ennadai lake,   the Telzoa river at  Boyd lake,   and  keeping some distance back from the shore of Great  Slave lake.     In   general character  the, country   is a   vast uniulating,  stony plain, thinly covered Avith short  grass, while rounded rocky hills rise  here and there  through   the stony  clay.   It   can   be divided into two  fairly   distinct   portions,    viz.,    the  Coastal Piain,   which rose from beneath the ocean in post-glacial times,  and   the   Interior  Upland,  with   a  somewhat   more   pronounced topography, just as it Avas left at the close  of the  glacial   epoch.     The  whole  country   slopes  gently towards the  northeast, and the three main streams  which drain it  have a more or less  paralel   course   in    that    direction.  These streams are the Back or Great  Fish river, with a total  length of G50  miles; the Telzoa, or Doobaunt river,  with a length of 750 miles, and the  Kazan river, Avith  a length of about  490 miles.  The  Windsor  estauraiit  IN NEW DENVER,  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  of the  Silvery Slocan.  tW%f%  Ix was in o]>cration when  Was turned against thc country, and,' iioav that|the  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  .... A place where any  . ... appetite can be satiated.  COME EARLY AND AVOID'THE KL'Sir.  iriKKLlNC;   OK   MO-XOPOIiY.  Jacobson & Co,  II i>  Visit to tho Householder, Some ofthe  Things That lie Demanded.  went along* in all tlnsc streams. They  pushed along doAvn the Yukon that  season as far as they could before winter closed in behind them. On Aug. 10  they had .decided that they had gone  about as far as Avas safe. On that, day  they camped in thc Klondike and began  to build a cabin. They panned the  sand and gravel in Deer creek Avith  good luck for '--SI days. By this time the  sun Avas getting pretty Ioav. winter Avas  near at liand, aiid the three miners decided to get out Avith all possible haste.  On the Avay they encountered great  hardships and YVilson's two partners  died in the Avilderness.  "He'says that on his return to Alaska  last year the cabin Avas found standing  at tlie headwaters of Deer creek in tlie  Klondike valley, and the Indians in  that vicinity arc willing- to testify that  it has been there for "more than ten  years to their knowledge. Besides the  names of tlie discoverers, the date of  the erection of the cabin is carved in  one of the logs.  "Such being the truth, Avlmt kind of a  show Avould Arkell have? It is my  opinion that Dalton did not cross the  "i ukon river Avliere it is generally understood he did, because at that point  the riA-er is not fordablo. In fact, I believe that the Dalton party's discovery  Avas on Sixty-Mile creek, on the east  and south side of the Yukon, if it Avas  made at all."���Miunapolis'.Journal.  BACK    FHOM    KLONDIKE.  giving them what they Avant. I think  that rig ought to do them. I count it  the best in the city."   8  Bill Avas pacing up and doAvn the  room, apparently forgetful of what he  came!for, till Tom said,-'Bill, why don't  vou drink your brandy?"  "0 Tom," said he, "I don't care for it,  some way this morning."  "Why, Bill, Avhat's the matter, are  you sick ?"  "No, Tom, I'm not sick, I don't care  for the brandy, and I'll tell you 'why.  "I have the best Avife that any mortal  man ever had, and our littie baby,  three months old, is the prettiest and  loveliest baby ever born into any family���as sAveetj I think, as any angel let  loose in heaven. A half hour ago,when  I came out of my house, I found that  my wife had got an old pasteboard box,  and had tied it with some strings to the  front Avheels of an old Avrecked baby  wagon. In this pauper dog-cart she  avus Avheeling our SAveet little baby  around to give it a little fresh air. She  said to me. 'Bill, Mrs. Jones' baby-  across the street is dead. She has a  baby carriage for Avhich she paid live  dollars; she says she does not need it  uoav, aud that if I Avill o-ive her a dollar  and'a half for it I may have it. Can  you let me have that much, Bill, that I  may get it?' Tom, do you. knoAV that I  cursed my Avife for Jin extravagant woman, Avanting a dollar and a half to buy  ji carriage for the biiby, Avhen Avhat she  had Avould do avcII enough.  "Toia, I'm  done.    I've   turned into  this establishment ;t good many hundred of dollars to help you buy a  set out for your Avife and babies  ha,ve not been able to get oik; costing-  ji dollar and  that brandy,  the gutter.  1 Avill see if  $2,000  mine  a half. . I'll pjiy you for  but you cjin turn it into  ! don't Avant it. I'm done,  nv  wife and babies can't  have, too, ;i decent carrijige to ride in.  Good morning."  Hoav many' there are who luiAre not  the courage' or strength of Avill to turn  aAvay from drink so resolutely, aiid  Avho'se families, therefore, must go on  suffering. I hope, hoAvever, this may  fall into the hands of some one avIio will  folloAv the example given above.  He rang the door bell as though he  wished to pull the house over on top of  him, and Avhen I went to the door he  rushed in, took the most comfortable  seat in the room (my seat of course), told  me rather gruffly to sit down, pulled out  a book and pencil and began questioning  me. It Avas all done so-quickly, and  with such an ��� air of authority, that I  obeyed like a 11 ve-year-old child.  "What is your name, age, occupation,  sex and previous condition of servitude?"  he asked in one breath.  I answered in half a breath, for that  was all I had left, Jind I Avas so rattled  that I actually told him I Avas a woman  Avhen everyone knoAVS I am a man.  "Do you use any oil in your business?"--'  By this time I had recovered a moiety  of my sang-froid and a little of my savoir  faire.  "Well," I replied, "I use some rather  oily phrases when I ;im corresponding  with editors."  "None of yer lip, young feller," said  my visitor. "I represent the great  Standard Oil Company that iioav oaviis  the greater x*art of the United States of  America, and more or less of the rest of  the world. One word of impudence and  I Avill raise up their Avrath against yon.  Noav, Iioav much kerosene oil do you  burn in a year?"  I called in my Avife, she got out her  account books, and we told him the exact amount to the fraction of a quart.  "During the ensuing year," he went  on, "you will have to use more. The  company isn't making enough out of  you."  I promised to buy three more lamps  and to start the fires hereafter Avith his  make of oil only.  "Now, what other oil do you use?" he  asked.  "None to speak of," I answered.  "That won't do at all, young man.    I  have these blanks to  fill out and I want  answers  to every one of them.    Got  a  .sewing machine?"  "Yes." j  "Hoav much oil do vou use on it in a j  vear ?" * |  "A quart." j  " Use two quarts next year.'' *  "All right," I answered.    I. had made j  a guess as the amount, but  I.  thought  Ave might be able to  get away with two  quarts by hiring a seamstress and keeping her at work all the year.  i  '^������������^/���^'''���'^������������'������'���������'������k/S^^ *-*-%/"*��  The Clifton House,  Has ample'accommodations  and airy, and the Dining  Sandon.  for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Traveler)?.  ^J&  John Buckley,'. Prop.  OTEL SANDON,  ^A   ?K   ?A   tv\  Sandon, B.C.  HpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceomraodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cun nng, Proprietor.  babv  oarruure:  FAD   OF    THE    SMART    GIKX,  The smart girl's latest fad is to design,  and to design some very commonplace  belongings. That is to say she hasn't  taken up modeling in clay or the designing of carpets or rugs, but she is  happiest Avhen she can tell you the hat,  gown or jacket Avhich sheAvears avjis designed by herself. Sometimes she is  able to add that she made it, but oftenor  she   grows enthusiastic,  describes  the  What the Papers   Said   Ho Brought  What He Hid.  and  "I understand your   uncle  brought  ���5800,000 back from Klondike ?"  "No."  Win* that Avas certainly  the  "No?  report."  "Yes.  son   Citv  That Avas the report at DaAV-  but Avhen he got to St.  Michael's rumor let it drop to $(125,000.  "Well, that's a pretty good sum."  "Of course it is, but afrer he had sailed avc got word that the actual value of  his nuggets probably wouldn't exceed  ���$���'-580,000.  "Still he could do the handsome thing  by you if he Avanted to."  ' "No doubt about that at all,but Avhen  A   STORY   OV   VERDI.  A story is told of Verdi touching his  kindness to those around him. For  some time past he has been staying in  Genoa, at his palace in the Via Andrea  Doria. A feAv days ago, Avhile out driving, a man approached his carriage and  begged to be alknved to speak. The  man turned out to be the director of an  obscure troupe of performers from Java,  avIio were about to commence a series  of performances at the Allien Theater,  Genoa. The director (Signer Bernard)  summoned up sullicient courage to beg  the great :maestro to attend a special  representation which his troupe desired  to giA-e iu his honor. Verdi accepted  the invitation, and immediatly drove  to the Allien Theater, to Avhich no one  but he Avas admitted. He listened with  great- attention to the primitive orchestra, and Avatchedthe fabrication by  the troupe of various objects. A JaAra  woman offered him a silk pocket handkerchief as a present and embroidered  it for him in gold in his presence. Upon  leaving the theater Verdi said to Signor  Bernard: "I thank you inlinitely for  the pleasant half-hour Avhich you have  enabled me to pass,audi Avish good for  tune to you all." The Ja\ra troupe  Avere higldy delighted Avith  the honor  aid  them by   the  Han composers.  pai  Ita  greatest  of liviiii.  "Got a  "Yes."  "Hoav much oil do 3rou see on it?"  "Two   quarts."     This   Avas   another  guess.  "Use four next year."  I tried to explain  that we couldn't do  that A'ery Avell as our baby had outgrown  the carriage and  we  hadn't made any  arrangements for another.   But it didn't  work.   He simply insisted on our using  four quarts for the  baby carriage  if we  had to get tAvins to make it necessary.  Then he went on with a list of a hundred things that 1 did not have, ordered  me to get one at least of each and keep  it well oiled. At last I thought he had  finished, but I Avas mistaken.  "Said yon had a baby, I believe?"  he  asked.  "Yes."  "How much castor oil do you use?"  L made another guess. He told me to  use the Standard Oil Company's best  kerosene in the future, and give it to  him every night. I promised of course.  "You or any of your family got tuberculosis?"  "Yes," I answered, from habit���itwas  the first time in my life 1 ever told a lie.  " Use Standard Oil Coinpay's AI A oil  instead of Cod Liver oil in future, and  liave at least two more members of your  family sick with it before I come around  again.    Understand?"  I told him I did,  and he  went out of j  the house as rapidly as he came in. j  Times may lie bard  for other people, |  but I'll bet they ain't  for  tlie Standard j  Oil Company. i  I  got   ahead   of   him   on   one  thing  though.   I had an oilskin   coat  in  the]  house, he never found  it out. ��� Yellow i  Magazine.  He AVanted a .Discount.  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner benttina; the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Gething 8t fietidepson.  -^t-y    <^.     -"k-  <&���      -*&'      "**k-      -^  -'���*���'���������*���''���%.'  -���v   *%���   -^   ���%���  ;   -^  ���%-  *^  "���"ft-  '**&-  "*-  *%���  -^^  -**���&  "i*****,  -**&,       -**D*k      "^      -^&  "���a*   "���*������*   -���%���  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value.  If you are going to  the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you.  iournev  vers.  It will cheer  vou on  to   that   mecca    of  the  gold  fSSSSKEiaZI  :-TTT---g'raire-g-m--^^  THE   BARREN"    LANDS   OF   CA.VADA.  In the Geography Section, a paper  read by J. B. Tyrrell, M.A.B.Sc.,  Ottawa, on The Barren Lands of  Canada, Avas of especial moment  He stated that the barren lands, or  more properly the northern plains  and prairies of Canada, cover an area  of about 350,000 square miles betAveen  the Mackenzie river and Hudson Bay,  A prominent and ministerial-looking  number of the club Avent into a doAvii-  t<��wn hat store. Selecting a tile that  suited him, he asked: "What's the  price of this?"  ���'Eight dollars," responded the chirk.  ���*Any discount to a minister?'' gravely asked the caller.  "Yes. sir. you can have it for s?."  The hardware man put the hat on,  walked 0A*c.rto a glass, took a long look  and said, with emphasis: "I'll take  this. If my congregation don't like it  thev oan yo to the d���1."��� Hardware.  SILVERTON, B. C.  >o'  DAvelling I!  Furnished'-or  Apply to '  oust1., Six   Rooms, to rciil.  Unfurnished.  ['ho.aii-sox, Mnviii-'j.i, >!���;. Co.  s^E&aa&g  s&mi&m  Is tlie leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and  ture in   use  is  of  r  the furni-  the late-;  &&^Wtf<^       an(*most serviceable patteni,"  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  rrovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES    BOWES.  5r���rr~;rm--,-v",i1.^^i.-:-i,-.r..^^  as 4  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897,  Fifth Yeah  The Lodge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T.  LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION  months   RATES  Thre,  Six  Twelve   "  -���''*>  THKEK V1CAKS    "'.<'��(��  ransient Advertising, ->n cents per line first in  sertion. 10 eents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.'  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  pajier if you wish. Always send something: good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest  TBUKSDAF, OCTOBER.   28.  1897.  OIU:    NATIONAL    (.'OKAIOKAXT.  From the Crows Nest Pass comes a  cry from the laborers ot the C.P.R.  which should receive prompt attention  from the Dominion Government. In  another column will be found an extract from the Spokesman-Review,  which illustrates the methods by  which thc railroad co.obtains labor. It  is a story of wrong and heartless de.  ception which all Canada knows that  soulless corporation to be fully capable  of.  The statement as given to the  Spokane paper has all the appearance  of fact, and is more than corroborated  by. Alberta journals, who .state that  the services of the Mounted Police  are being freely used to round up  laborers who quit working on the  railroad. This is apparently a modern edition of the southern fugitive  Slave law of olden times, revived and  transplanted to \vhat we are wont to  term the free soil of Canada, for the  special benefit ofthe C.P.R.  It is plainly seen that the standing-  policy of the company is the same  now in the Crows Nest Pass, as it has  been hitherto in all other parts ofthe  line, that is to obtain the cheapest and  lowest   grade   labor Avhether it be  Italians, Chinese or Hottentots. . The  interests of the laboring class as a  factor in this community never counts  with the C.P.R.   That this cormorant  monopoly can afford to treat its workmen on the Crows Nest Pass road, and  elsewhere, as human beings, may be  gathered from the fact that for the  first week of October of the present  year    its   earnings   Avere   $668,000  against $377,000 for the same period  last year.    This vast increase of income contributed by the people should  be controlled and used for the benefit  ofthe people, and such is the case in  all  other colonies of Britain.    Under  existing   conditions  the   increasing  revenue of "our' National HigliAvay  serves but to enrich a gang ot sharks  who are revelling in the luxury of  European  capitals   while the overworked and underpaid   workers   of  all grades in "their employ, may, in  order to obtain living wages, have to  go on another strike.  We do not suppose that when the  present Minister of Railways exercised the power vested in him ot dictating to the C.P.R. in the matter of coal  limits, and other so-called rights,  fraudulently given them by the Mac-  Donald -Tupper combination, that he  could have thought them capable of  such a shortsighted policy as that of  further embittering the people against  them on the ground of outrageous  treatment of workmen. But we insist  on the government taking up this  matter of the treatment of white men,  decoyed on false pretences from distant centers of population, dumped  down in a desolate region at the  mercy of a corporation who have  about as much consideration for the  just treatment of Avorkmen as an  African hyena.  I ed the question from any other stand -  i point than its direct bearing on the  I financial institutions he represents.  Continuing, he. is quoted as saying  the ��� uncovered paper money is  "Based on the stability of this Domin-  "ion ; redeemable, practically speak-  ��� 'ing, in any commercial commodity���  "wheat, iron, gold if necessary. But  "we are not asked to redeem them  "in gold. If the paper is as good as  "the gold why should Avebe? The  "paper is the most satisfactory token  "ot exchange for use at home. The  "gold, coined, would simply have its  "bullion value abroad. We receive  "that for it ,'��s it is. If a larger gold  "reserve is deemed necessary why  "not a bullion reserve?"  In a genera] sense the uncovered  paper money is based on tbe stability  of the Dominion, but, as considered  in. the financial'world, it, is not, and  if Mr. Clouston Avere to advance such  argument in favor of a government  paper money he would be classed  Avith the Coxeyites of the United  States. They have argued in this  strain until black in the face, and the  reply has always come from the gold  forces that paper money is as good as  gold because the gold is behind it. If  Mr. Clouston is correct, and the uncovered paper is as good . as gold because based on the government's  stability, then we might ask why  should not this money be issued by  the government at a low rate ot interest instead of by the banks at a  high rate of interest? But we are  not advocating the paper money  theory for Canada. It is a mint we  are after.  ���Mr. Clouston says: "If a larger  gold reserve is deemed necessary  .why not a bullion reserve?" Because  a bullion reserve would be of no use  as a circulating medium. Bullion  cannot circulate, and what Canada  needs is a gold and silver money of  her OAvn mintage that can go into  any market in the Avorld and become  a competitor for the business of the  world, the same as the American  eagle or the English soverign. Year  after year Canada has been compelled to increase her national debt by  the issue of bonds on which she pays  an average percentage of 3.75 in  order to raise gold to settle her balances with other nations. And the  interest on and principle of all this enormous debt (now in the neighborhood of $290,000,000) is payable in  gold coin���not paper that is as "good  as gold because based on the stability  of the Dominion." With a Canadian  mint coining the product of Canadian  mines into legal tender gold and silver Canadian coins, Ave Avould not be  dependent on other countries for  money to liquidate this indebtedness,  and the Dominion would not be forced  to go to the bankers to borrow American eagles or English soverigns.  A bullion might answer very well if  we had a sufficient legal tender circulating medium, but without this it  would benefit nobody but the banks  and money brokers.  CANADA'S     ABirJTV     TO    BORKOAV.  Canada's  and abroad,  she   floated  credit is good at home  The ease with whieh  a $10,000,000 loan last  week in London is proof of this. The  money was borrowed at a very low  rate of interest���2.73 per cent���the  loan to run 50 years. The last Canadian loan was'for $2,500,000, floated  in 1894 and the interest payable on  it is 3.16 per cent. In 1885 a loan  Avas floated for $4,000,000 at 4.08 per  cent. Of Canada's total debt, $146,-  000,000 bears 4 per cent, interest,  S27,000,000 bears 3J per cent., $52,-  000,000 bears 3 per cent., $27,000,000  5 per cent, and on SI,000.000 ".6 per  cent. The last loan floated is on the  most fav- rable conditions of any, and  indicates that Canada's credit is yet  good in the financial Avorld. More  than half of the bonds were taken by  Canadian banks and insurance companies.  It is a favorable condition for any  country doing business on a credit  basis to be able to borrow money at  a low rate of interest. Canada is  very fortunate. But the question  arises, when is this,'borrowing-business-to stop? In 'twenty five years,  from 1871 to 1895, the net debt of  Canada increased from $77,706,-  517 to $253,074,927. The last issue  of bonds indicates that it is still increasing, with no probability of its  being lowered.  Much has being said since the late  bond issue about our country's good  credit, all of Avhich sounds patriotic  and fine, and we Avould not attempt  to dampen anyone's patriotism, but,  laying aside all sentiment, is it not a  poor financial policy that compels a  country so vast and rich m resources  as Canada to float bonds year after  year to keep her head above water?  If Canada's credit is good enough to  borrow money on, and pay interest  for fifty years, is not it good, enough  to stand behind gold and silver dollars of her OAvn mintage, equal in  Aveight and fineness to the gold and  silver coinage of England or any  other nation ?  o  ^ot��s of the w^ek-  i  BY COSMO.  THE    TOPIC.  UK.    C HOUSTON'S    HKBBSY.  Mr. E. S. Clouston Avas with the Van  Home party on their late trip through  the Slocan. Mr. Clouston is a prominent bank official of Montreal, and is  considered one of Canada's foremost  financiers. His opinion on the financial question ought to be worth something, but we fear the atmosphere,  the grand scenery of the Slocan, or  some one thing or another got the  best of his usually sound judgment,  for to a Ledge representative he said  he did not think Canada Avas in need  of a mint, because "we have curren-  "cy enough now. With a population  ' 'of 5,000,000 we have $15,000,000 in  ' 'gold and $5,000,000 fractional silver,  "sufficient as a basis for our paper  "and as medium for settling foreign  "balances: thc eagle to pay out*  "debts in the United States, and the  "soverign for settlement of accounts  "in Great Britain. We have $40,-  "000,OOOo-of paper with which to carry  "on business at home."  We cannot think Mr. Clouston Avas  in earnest Avhen he spoke as quoted  above, and if so, that he has ebnsider-  The Topic is the name of a paper  just started at Trout Lake City by  John Langstaff and James Currie.  The name is familiar to us as many  years ago Brother Bill and us started  a paper by that name which still lives  and has its quota of live ads. It is in  honor of our first paper that John and  Jim christened theirs, and we trust  that their enterprise will meet with  success. It is a hard proposition to  run a paper in a camp as youthful as  Trout Lake, but as its editor has often  packed over a hard trail, his blankets,  and eaten bacon and beans without  sauce, he will strike pay dirt or we  are no prophet.  C A. UK IKS    HIS    BELLOWS.  D. R. Young, of the Slocan City  NeAvs has the following interview in  the Victoria Colonist:  "The recent strikes on the Lemon  creek," says Mr. Young, "have proved beyond a doubt that there is an  abundance of gold right at home,  and four hundred men or more are  now working on the Lemon properties, with results that are not only  encouraging but quite satisfying to  them. The Cold Blow, the Howard  Fraction, the Maple Leaf, the Lucky  George, and two or three other quartz  properties are turning out wonderfully  Avell, while on Lemon creek placer  mining, too, is being actively prosecuted, washing the bed gravel returning from $4 to $8 a day."  There are many rich prospects on  Lemon creek, but Avhen Young told  the reporter that 4.00 men were  working on them, and that placer  mining Avas being vigorously prosecuted he must have done it with his  little belloAvs. About 20 men are  working in that section, and placer  ground is more a romance than a  real it v.  Senator Wolcot's mission to  Europe in the interests of silver does  not appear to have been much ot a  success. Of course the main reliance  of the, friends of the mission was centred in the hope that the British government would take a step much in  advance of its present position. The  silver organs in the United States  who are whispering ' 'I told you so"  Avould do well to consider that the  British parliamentary system circumscribes the action of the cabinet, even  to the expression of an opinion. The  House of Commons is the fountain of  power and no premier can afford to  speak for that tribune of the people-  much in advance of its own decisions.  There is no room to doubt that the  masses of the people of Great Britain  are educated and determined to dethrone the single gold standard, and  the next general election will prove  it. The great labor union gatherings have spoken with a unanmity  against which even the combined  force of Lombard St. cannot prevail.  The United States mission to Great  Britain will bear fruit, and that earlier than many of the friends of Senator Wolcott anticipate.  The Victoria Times,   a paper professing loyalty to the principles of the  Laurier   administration,    has    been  sorely exercised over the fact that the  allured Premier allowed some secret  organization of   aristocratic  pretensions in London to disfigure his loved  Wilfred with titles and letters which  Avere not bestowed on him at baptism.  The Times critic pleads that such  fol-de-rol places a public man on an  aristocratic pedestal which tends to  alienate him from the common herd.  The Vancouver   World defends the  actions of Sir Wilfrid in getting in out  of the plebian Avet and getting himself  a niche in  the royal  temple beside  such great men as Sir William Van-  Horn, and other idols (?) of the Canadian people.   The controversy calls  to mind a "scene" which occurred in  the early sixties in the Melbourne  Legislative    Assembly    Avhen    Sir  Charles Garin Duffy,  then a minister  of the crown, was twitted by the opposition Avith   having once  been   a  rebel in Ireland,   and subsequently  accepting Knighthood.    To  the first  charge he replied that if Ireland had  anything like the liberal treatment  accorded then to Australia  he would  not have been a rebel.    As to having  accepted knighthood his apology was  that a refusal to accept the proffered  honor would throAv a veil of suspicion  t  #'  t  ink off Montr  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund    :    :     6,000,000.00 -#  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  SirTDonald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S. Clouston, General Manager,   ,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector &Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Gi'eat Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted  -^-^-%--^'^-��^-^-%--^-*v-%'-��^%'^-��--%^^-^^^^^^^' - -*^%k-%.-^%- ^-%.-*%^^-^^%.-^-^^v-%'-^%^^^v"^%.-%^.-^-��i  over his, then, sincere loyalty. Laurier was once the champion of annexation to the United States and the  circumstances of the time justified his  course. Duffy was the Outspoken foe  of toryism and landlord extortion in  184:8 and was tried for treason. The  reasons for accepting the insignia of  knighthood were logical and sound  in both cases. The law, such as it  was in 1848, clamored for Duffy's  life, but he was accquitted and lived  to serve his Queen and country for  many years as one of the most brilliant and useful public men in the  Greater Britain of Australia. The  Times would do well to consider  whether there are not expediences  called for in the lives of public men  which are wholly justified on high  moral grounds.  The coast papers are full of compliments to their patrons the great  men of the C.P.R- A week or two  ago it was Vice-President Shaugh-  nessey and suite who Avere received  in State at Vancouver, now it is the  Emperor Van Home himself. '" Hoav  the public bodies and the private  business men, from Oppenheimer to  the city scavenger, fa<ll over each  other in a struggle to get to the front  footstool ofthe saalaming devotees is  contained in three columns of World  type, which fortunately for those  afflicted with an .aversion to toadyism  is in the World's usual pale tint���too  faint to be read aloud. This much,  at least was considerate on the part of  the World.  A perusal of the coast papers  would also lead a stranger to believe  that Canada was discovered and  founded tor the sole benefit of four  heaven-born concerns, the Dunsmuirs,  the C.P.R., the Hudson Bay Co. and  the Turner administration. All the  acts and deeds of these benefactors  are inspired by an all-wise providence (a small p. please) ��� and the  editorial goose, no doubt, hangs high  and sweet while the editor is the  hireling of greedy public men and  grasping monopolists!  o. s.  rashdall,  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED   '    Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H. T. BRAG DON,  New Denver, B.C,  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders* and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  1 carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  in my line.  HOTEUS OF KOOTEJSLFLY       ASSflYEf^S OF ... G  THE NEWMARKET,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  Mr. W. Mackenzie whom I mentioned last week as one of the purchasers of the &c, &c,, and a ry.  charter is an exceedingly frank  gentleman. He evidently believes  in railroad building if he can do  business on the "basis laid down by  the late Bill Nye. He admits having  paid the original holders of the charter $75,000 for a controlling interest  and yet he states that he will not proceed until he can obtain a much  larger subsidy than tbe -$4,000 a mile  voted by the Provincial Legislature.  He states that he will apply to the  next session of the Legislature for an  increased subsidy, and if Mr. Mac-  Kenzie continues in that happy frame  of mind long enough he will find a  party and government in power iu  Victoria who have nailed "state ownership of railroads" to the mast.  THE FILBERT.  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J.  Silverton.  WE. M. BENEDUM,  FRANK   DICK,  Slocan City.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Cunning  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S- Reeder  g/)))/): TH,   M.A.,  LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  F.  Q. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  "[-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined   and   reported on for  in  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical  vuc ave. New Denver, B C.  Laboratory, Belle-  Col. Baker, so says the Province,  is responsible for the statement that  "the C. P. R. is becoming highly  popular with the people of British  Columbia." Psssibly the Colonel is  tooting for a job. He would make a  splendid land agent and general  jugleman for the "popular" Co.  when the opposition rain falls in Victoria next year. Moreovar, the Colonel has a private townsite of his  own in the Fort Steele oountry where  the "popular" can reciprocate his  kindly sentiment.  What are you bellowing about, Bill ?  said a mother at the stair-foot one even-  in"', after her two bovs had been put to  bed.  .Please, mother, said bellowing Bill,  .Jim wants half the bed.  Well, says she. let him have it, and  yon take the other half.  Yes, mother, said Bill, but he will  have his half out of the middle, and  make me sleep on both sides of him.  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  J^.E. PALMER, C.E. ���  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  F.W. GROVES,  CIVII. and MINING ENGINEER,  Provincial T.and Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface ana  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C  T IFE   INSURANCE.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Onfc ,  offers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  Aud a profitabletinvestment.  The Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets **3,40i,908.  Full information by application to  W. D. MITCHELL. Agent.    New Denver, B.C  G  WILLIM & JOHNSON,  (McGill)  P.O. Box 214  Sandon, B.C  A     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  La d Surveyor.  Slocan Citv. B.C  I)  R. A.S. MARS  OraUii.-U-*  (.'bie:i!i-i>  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Atneriesin <'.Yilles.reof Dental Surgery I  B C  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  yloean City,   Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Mining Surveying.  Kaslo. B. C.  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  x No. 71,  "W.    IF1.   2s/L.  Meets every Saturday night.  C.   MeNICHOLLS.   President  CHAS.   BRAND, Secretary.  W.  S. Dkewky  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. TWIGG  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provineial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  riedford. Me Neil Code.  t; Fifth Year.  THE LEDQE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  5  m HOW CLAIMS ARE HELD  Present Laws are Easily Evaded by  Rossland Locators.  THE   SILENCE   OF   THE   PRESS  Rossland, Oct. 11.���So much attention in the past has been paid to the  mining- progress in the Kootenay, east  and west, more especially in that particular centre, Rossland, that it is most  surprising that the press in the east,  who detailed the future so glowingly  for months in succession daily, each  one outvieing the other in reports of  continuous rich strikes; and new finds,  excelling- in value any previous known,  and all these reports on little or no  authority, now appear to have unanimously abandoned giving particulars  as to development and progress of those  great mines and prospects, enumerated  for the benefit of their readers not.long  since, but most of ���'which have; now-  mysteriously disappeared into oblivion. It must be admitted that'this  policy   is   very short-sighted.    Whilst  ihe-show was lying on the ground six  few in" depth  every eastern journal of  any .standing had its special  representative    visiting  mines,   locations and  snow claims.     At   this   time   little  or  nothing could be seen,and furthermore,  many of those who  did see were none  the,-! wiser  afterwards.      Yet notwithstanding,  the   results   were   long and  extravagant teleg-rams as to tlie brilliant future of British Columbia,   and  Kootenay in particular.  The extensive  dividend's that were   to be forthcoming  in the near future are as yet still wanting, and information that should now  be   furnished showing the amount of  work done on the various mining properties is  with-held,   not througii any  intention to mislead shareholders and  their readers, but simply   that at   the  very time these journals should liave  representatives who could furnish them  with   reliable   and   trustworthy infor-  . niation on the spot, have failed to do  this, and   the   exhaustive  information  dealt out to the public at the commencement of mining operations remains incomplete.    Yet now is the actual time  when further  information is necessary,  whereby after the expenditure of hundreds of thousands of dollars some discrimination  could be shown, and the  number of companies incorporated last  vear could now be classified and shareholders  have some idea a.s to.their investments according to prospects shown  by    actual     development,    were      a  thorough  investigation to be made by  a thorough  competent mining man, on  behalf of some  well-known paper, on  every    company    incorporated.    And  where large interests are  held   in Ontario  the result would,  although  disastrous, be eminently satisfactory, as  everyone   naturally   wishes   to  know  whether their holdings are of any value  or absolutely worthless.    But unless a  man of integrity and well-known mining experience undertakes the investigation it would be useless.    Thc past  experience justifies the statement that  had newspapers been better represented, by men who had some knowledge  of mining and the devices of those connected therewith there would be some  different tales to tell to-day.   As it was,  all news, no matter from whom originating, was accepted as facts, and such  information   wired   to  the  respective  papers  for publication.    Misrepresentation was naturally the order of the  day, hence so many wild cat schemes  wliicii  were  actually    applauded   as  meritorious, and though what the only  necessity, to fit a man to act in the capacity  as   mining   representative  of a  responsible paper, was wanting, capable, no doubt,to write a leading article  on   the   ecclesiastical   expenditure   of  India, the rise in wheat, or the Behring  Sea question, but totally unqualified to  judge between   a   mining proposition  with   or   without   value."   To inspect  mines one must know what he is inspecting,   be   able   to   form   his    own  judgement, as to merit or demerit, and  have the courage of his convictions.   It  is a mistake to withhold condemnation,  of a valueless   claim, and   only issue  statements    of    a    favorable   nature.  Where able, as a matter of fact,  every  owner of a claim, whether there is any  mineral on it or   not,   will inform enquirers that his or their property is unequalled in  the   country,   and' would (  assay up to a hundred in gold and copper.'   Yet   all   these   and   other such  statements were accepted and published.   This will prove  beyond all question that investigation in the interest of  the general public, through the press,  should be by. men who know  a mine  when they see one, and can judge betAveen the qualifications of a mineralized diorite belt and an actual mineralized ledge.    Unfortunately too many  reports on claims, so-called' mines, were  written from dictation in the various  hotels in  Rossland.   To my mind the  mining- industry has suffered very considerably through   the  wanton   boom  methods" of the Rossland press ' in the  past, which, taken as an authority, did  more mischief through the unwarranted and reckless publication of strikes of  hug-h and rich bodies of ore in  various  parts of the Kootenay, which upon investigation proved to be without foundation, and yet none of those assertions  were contradicted afterwards, although  it was known that no foundation existed for their   publication.   It was'   impossible for the Rossland press to make  an issue without two  or three important strikes,  equal, generally to $20 or  S100, over a width of not less than three  to six feet.   The effects of such statements were without precedent in a new  mining country.    Copied   into all  the  principal papers   throughout Canada,  and accredited  with trustworthiness in  coming from the fountain  head, it is to  be deplored that such means were used  to bri-ig iu capital.to open up worthless  ground".   The results of this have proven that this kind of business does not  prosper in the end.    The Rossland Miner, hy degrees, came down  to a  third  rate paper,  and then changed  hands  altogether.    I trust that the new owners   will   sIioav   better  discretion than  their predecessors; also that the papers  east will place less confidence in those  papers in the immediate vicinity of the  mining camps, and rely.'more on their  own investigation.    By doing this they  certainlvwillbeableto do their readers  a good turn, which will in turn be reciprocated and beneficial to all concerned'!  Now that extensive Aveeding has taken  place, and mining is being  carried out  legitimately on the remaining properties, it is only reasonable to anticipate  better results.   Work is being pushed  energetically, and .development sIioavs  prospects that warrant anticipations of  dividends in the near   future,  but it  must be borne in mind that tlie Rossland ores, with but fe.AV exceptions, are  Ioav grade, and   that the facilities for  transportation are not of the best, irrespective of the fact that the ground is  expensive to work through its excessive hardness.    Yet capital, judiciously  invested, -will eventually give remunerative returns.   One  very great drawback to the mining industry is the present existing- Government' regulations  relative to locating mineral claims, and  the sooner this is remedied the better  for the country at large.    The fallacy  in protecting the poor man in his mineral discoveries by allowing him at a  cost of $2.50 to take  up and hold 52  acres,  is at present the curse of the  industry.   The moment that there is  any pretense of a discovery of mineral  in 'a .new district, then the whole country for miles and miles is staked off,  without any sensible reason;   yet all  these claims are supposed to  be'carrying-mineral-bearing bodies.   In many  instances men with'not$10 capital hold  no less than 20 and even 50 claims on  different veins under the same license,  or in all, from 1,000 acres  upwards.    It  is impossible for them to do assessment  work, and they   lock   up  the country  against bona fide mining institutions.  This prostitution of an industry which  should  return large   revenues to the  country is legalized by an intelligent  government."   Many hundreds of claims  have   and   Avill   be   located   but never  prospected, and under these conditions  never Avill be, whilst a systematic exploring party under a good  head could  prospect and probably discoArer a valuable lead, which would bring wealth to  the country and reward the energy of  the finders', avIio would only stake off  that which in the future would become  valuable.    But no   encouragement is  offered competent   explorers or prospectors for   the   moment   a   "find" is  made all adjoining lands are staked, for  speculative purposes,  and should the  speculation    fall    through,  the. claims  remain in the possession of the unitiat-  ed, incompetent and impecunious party.  This state of affairs is deplorable.   If,  as it should be, ��50  were necessary to  record a claim,   then   there   Avould be  more money in the exchequer for making roads and opening up districts with  merit, and there Avould   be  fewer wildcats.     One other   point  that requires  rectifying, the evil of which is seen by  men travelling through mining districts  and avIio are well   versed in the rules  applying to other  countries, is the fact  that"a claim, Avhen staked, need not  have any assessment Avork done till the  expiration of tAvelve months, and this is  soon evaded from year to year and the  mineral Avealth, if any,  unworked, to  the detriment of the country, and this  is how the fraud   is - practised   on the  Government.     On.   the   expiration   of  tAvelve months the claim is  restakctl in  another name, and the assessment Avork  of course, remains undone.    Two partners holding twenty claims  in their alternate nanies can hold the ground from  year to year by simply  practicing this  method and doing no assessment work.  The claims so held are re-staked and  those in the name of one partner are  changed into   the   other's  and   so the  game goes merrily on.    When a claim  purporting to  carry mineral values is  staked, only a reasonable time should be  alloAved to do the first assessment, say 90  days, upon   the completion  of Avhich a  certificate could be given that such Avork  had been done.    The time for obtaining  a Crown grant, viz., fiA-e years, by yearly  expenditures on the ground equal to if 100  annually,   is  absurd,  tAvo  years  being  ample to allow the locator to do this  A\rork.    When   this  change takes  place  there will be three times more mining  and the industry will be more prosperous.     It is   imperative that a radical  change take place in the  mining- regulations as they now rejid, and the quicker it eA'entuates the better the progressl  ���Toronto Telegram.  to the Minin-j: Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Ciwvn  grant of the above claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this, if.th day of October, 1897.  JOHN HIRSCH.  L.  Dtinedin  1833, G-r. l.  Mineral Claim.  OURNE  Dwelling House, Six Rooms, to rent.  Furnished or Unfurnished.  Apply to Thompson*, Mitciieu, & Co..  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On Reco  Hill und adjoiuing the Ruecan and Blue Bird  Mineral Claims.  rPAKE NOTICE that I, John  Hirsch, as agent  1   for James Marshall, F. M. C. 88878, Thomas  Brown, F.M.C. 83451, and Duncan   S. Forbes, F.  M.     C.     00170.      intend,     sixty    days    from  the   date   hereof,    to   apply   to   the   Mining  Recorder for a certificate   of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improA-ements  Dated this 15th day of October, 1807.  JOHN HIRSCH.  Sapphire and Gem Mineral Claims.  Provincial Secretary's Office.  HIS   HONOUR   the Lieutenant-Governor, has  been pleased to make the following appointment:--  Ai.uxa.ndkh Si'HOAT, of the town of Ncav  Denver. Esquire, Mining Recorder, to be a  Deputy of the District Registrar under the  " BIrth.v Deaths *"��� Marriages Act," for the  Nelson Division ofthe West Kootenay District.  October 15th, 1807.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Gold Ring Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining- Division of Wes*  Kootenay District.    Where located:   About  one mile from the Forks of  Cariboo Creek  and joining the Millie Mack mineral claim.  r-JAAKE NOTICE that I. J. A: Kirk, acting as  1_    agent for H. C Pollock, free miner's certiiicate No. 67,808, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Milling Recorder for  a certificate >of improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining* a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must bo. commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of July, 1897  J. A. KIRK.  L. 1855, Gr. 1.  Bei-hy Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Sicca n Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Lalla Rook and Minneapolis mineral  claims on Payne Mountain.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John Hirsch. as agent  for ihe Ramsdell Mining and Milling Co.,  free miner's certificate Xo. 7-.'0R A, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certiiicate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtain ing CruAvn grant of above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  Section 37, must bo commenced before the  issuance of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this L'5th day of October, 1807.  JOHN HIRSCH.  E.Parrisfe CoM  SLOCAN   CITY  and   TEN   MILE.  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS &. SHOES,  BUILDERS?' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS,!  JESSOP &' BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC..  AT LOWEST PRICES.  NeAv Denver. B. C  Slocan  Hospital  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kpotenay    District.     Where   located:���  On Carpenter Creek about half a mile above  the town of Cod.y and adjoining the Chambers mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John  Hirsch, as agent  for   A..   H.   Buchanan,    free   miner's   certiiicate No. 83.51H, intend, sixty  days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a eroAvn grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before the issuance of  such Certificate, of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of October, 1807.  JOHN   HIRSCH.  L. 1.S5G, Gr. 1.  -bulla  Rook Mineral Claim.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at TenMile Store.  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishings,  Special lines in balbreggan. Carpets. Mats.  Floor and Table Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the latest styles in Dress Goods and  Trimmings: in silks and velvets and  buttons; Sheeting and,... Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too'numerous to mention.  Millinery the latest style always on hand.  MRS. W  W. MERELY.  An office ofthe Slocan Hospital lias  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. Ii. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.',  New Denyer, B.C.  i**t*imim*fH*iH*HHi***&  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AA'est  Kootenay District. Where located: Ad-,  joining the Carbonate King- mineral claim on  Payne Mountain.  rpA KE NOTICE that I.John Hirsch, as agent for  1   Edward Mahon, free miner's eertificateNo.  9-1537, intend fiO days from the date hereof, to apply  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Plaining Mills.  Nov*?, oi] tfye Market.  NoWoij the Market,  Black Prince,  Cold Blow,  Alpine,  ] Cameronian,  i  't  \ Alexandra,  Scenic,  Situated ir> t^e Heart of 't^e Lf>err>or) ��Feek Gold Mir>es.  Plenty of Good Timber.  Taao beaatifal lakes neap the Shores of Ltemon Creek  ^"i.  A beautifully situated townsite, sar-  IroidRded by Gold MiRes.^j  Perfect!Title to|all property.  f"        ~ "     j ���S'-%tj       *Vf;(i? ���7!  Price of Lots from f 50 to f 150 each.  Lucky George,  Maple Leaf,  Crusader,  Howard Fraction,  Sundown Fraction  and many others.  :���  SL>CH2tf\N ��ITY,|  B.   0.' 6  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  Fifth Yeae  vHa^ThSopTH-syoUnSAian  ".Marriage is the saving of a young  man, "said my Aunt Tabitha senten-  tiously.  I assented, for I find it pays to give a  ready acquiescence to abstract propositions.  "You must marry," continued my  annt.  ' 'I am still very voung," I said meekly.  My aunt turned to my mother.  "Whom shall Alfred marry? What do  you say to Letitia Brownlow, or Amelia  Stafforth?"  "Is  she    not    rather"���my  mother  ivaved  one  hand���"and   Alfred  is  so  ���dim."  "j think she'has a very fine figure,"  responded my aunt. ''Or there is Gertrude Williams. She will have a fortune if she outlives her sisters."  "There are only five of them," I said  hopefully.  "Or Mabel Gordon?"  "No, none of these," I cried decisively.  My aunt looked offended. "Very  well, then; choose for yourself," she  said tartly. ��  "Perhaps that would help," I remarked thoughtfully.  "Well," said my aunt impatiently  after a short pause,' 'whom do you suggest?"  I thought for a moment.  "What do you say to Winifred Fraser?"  "That minx!" cried my aunt.  "Oh, Alfred!" echoed my mother.  "Why not?" I asked.  "Such   a dreadful family!" said my  mother.  "So fast!" interjected my aunt.  "But have you never noticed the sun  on her hair?" I asked innocently.  My aunt drew herself up!  "We have not noticed the sun on her  hair,"   she  said  with  much   dignity,  "nor do we wish to observe the sun  on  her hair. "  I was justly annoyed. "I really think  it must be Wiirifred Fraser," I said.  "She is very fond of me, and"���  "How can you be so cruel tome?"  cried my mother. ' 'Have you noticed  how gray my hair is getting? You will  not have me long." She drew out her  handkerchief.  "You -will come to a bad end," said  my aunt. ' 'I always thought yon were  depraved. If you marry that painted  hussy, you must not expect my countenance. "  "Under the circumstances, I will not  marry Winifred Fraser," I said with  great magnanimity, for I did not particularly want my aunt's countenance.  My aunt sniffed. " You had better  not."  "I merely joked, " I said soothingly,  remembering she had not made her will.  "Indeed!"'  "The truth is"���I dropped my voice  ���"I am in love with somo one else."  "And you uever told me," said my  mother reproachfully.  "The girl I love is not free."  "Married!" cried my aunt.  "Not married���but engaged."  "Who is it?" asked my mother gently.  I was silent for  a moment, and then  I sighed.  "It is Constance Burleigh. "  "It would have been   a most suitable  match," murmured my mother.  "Very suitable," repeated my aunt.  There was a momentary silence, broken by my aunt.  "I did not know Constance was engaged. "  ' 'It is a secret. You must not repeat  what I have told you. "  "I don't like these secret engagements, '' said my aunt brusquely. ' 'Who  told you?"  "She told me herself."  "Who is tho man?"  "I  do not think I should repeat his  name."  "I hope Constance is not throwing  herself'away. "  I shook my head doubtfully.  "You know the man?"  I nodded.  "Is he quite���quite"���  Again I shook my head doubtfully.  "What  have  you   heard?"   my aunt  asked eagerly.  "I don't think I ought to repeat these  things."  "You can surely trust your mother,"  murmured my mother.  "And my discretion," said my aunt.  "Well," I said, "I have been told he  is cruel to his mot her. "  "Really!" cried the two ladies in a  breath.  "His mother told me so herself. "  "How sad!" said my mother.  "And what else?" asked my aunt  "Another relation of  his told me he  was depraved. "  "Poor, poor Constance!" whispered  my mother.  "And would probably end badly."  "I  expect  he drinks, "��� S3id my aunt  grimly.  "Does Constance know this?" asked  say mother.  "I don't think so. "  "You did not (ell her?"  ���'Of.course not."  "I'consider it your duty to."  "I really cannot."  "Then I will, " said my aunt resolutely.  " What I have said has been in confidence. "  "I do not care. "  ���'I beg you not to do so."  "It is my duty.  I am too fond of Constance   to   allow   her  to  throw herself  away on this worthless man."  I shrugged my shoulders.  ' 'Do as you  [jieaee,   but   don't   mention  my name.  By tlif way, Constance said   she would  probably call this afternoon."  At that moment the bell rang.  "That   may   be   she," said my aunt,   j  flying to the window.   "It is.'  I got up slowly and sauntered into  ihe conservatory, which adjoins the  drawing room. From behind a friendly  palm I could see without being Seen. I  saw my aunt look toward my mother.  "If we  open her eyes," I heard her  whisper, "it may pave the way for Alfred."  My mother said nothing, but I saw  the same hope shine from her eyes.  The door opened, and the servant announced Constance. She came forward  with a little eager rush, then stopped  short, embarrassed by the want of reciprocity.  "We are glad to see you," said my  mother, and kissed her.  My aunt came forward. "We were  just speaking of you," she said solemnly.    "Sit down."  Constance looked a little crushed. "I  thought- Alfred would have told you,"  she murmured.  "WV have heard"���  began my aunt  "Hush,"    interposed     my     mother.  "Come  nearer  me,  Constance.    Won't  you take off.your hat?"  Constance came and sat by her side.  "I was anxious to come and tell you  that���that"���  1 "If you are alluding to your engagement, '' said my aunt somewhat severely,  "we have already heard of it."  "You have heard!" cried Constance.  "With the deepest sorrow."  Constance drew herself up.  "You   do not approve?"  she asked  proudly.  "We  love you  top much," said my  mother gently.  Constance looked bewildered.  ''You are  too good for the wretch,"  cried my aunt.  "What! Oh, what do you mean?" exclaimed Constance.  "If you marry this man," continued  my aunt vigorously, "you will regret  it."  My mother took her hand. "My sister should not tell you this so suddenly."  "It is my duty to speak, and I will,"  cried my aunt. "I will; not let Constance unite herself to this man with  her eyes closed."  "What have you against him?" demanded Constance, a red spot beginning  to burn in each cheek.  "He drinks," answered my aunt almost triumphantly.  Constance sank back in the cushions.  "I don't believe it," shesaid faintly.  "He ill treats his mother���beats her,  I believe," continued my aunt.  'This  cannot   be   true,"  cried Constance.  "Mrs. Granville, tell me."  My mother nodded sadly. '-  "Alas! I cannot deny it."  Constance rose. "Tins is awful!" she  said, holding on to the back of the sofa.  "I could never have believed it. " She  put her hand to her forehead. "It is  like a bad dream. "  "My poor, dear Constance," murmured my mother, rising and putting  her arms round her.  My aunt brought up her artillery.  "He is thoroughly depraved and will  come to a bad end. His relations are at  one on this point."  Constance buried her face in my  mother's bosom. "Oh, dear; oh, dear!  And I love him so!" she sobbed.  In tlie adjoining room I was becoming uncomfortable.  "We thought it right to tell you,"  said my aunt, moved by her tears,  "though Alfred begged and implored us  not to."  "I could never, never have believed  it," sobbed Constance. "Poor, poor Mrs.  Granville!"  My mother soothed her.  "How difficult you must have felt it  to tell me this!" exclaimed Constance,  drying her tears. "It was so good of  you. I will not give him another  thought. To treat his mother so cruelly!  Oh, Mrs. Granville, I am so sorry for  you!"  "It is I who am sorry for you," said  my mother doubtfully.  "And no one would have dreamed it.  We always thought you were so fond of  him and spoiled him so utterly. And  all the time you were hiding your Borrow.    How noble of you!"  My mother looked at Aunt Tabitha,  who returned ber stare.  "Who ever is it?" said Aunt Tabitha,  whispering.   "Find out."  "Where did you meet him, dearest?"  whispered my mother.  "Meet him? Why, here, of course,"  said Constance, with opening eyes.  "Yes, yes, of course," said my  mother, mystified.  "I thought yon would be so pleased,  and 1 hurried across to tell you."  "Can Alfred have made a mistake?"  muttered my aunt hoarsely.  Tho two elder ladies stood still in the  utmost embarrassment.  "I shall never be happy again," said  Constance mournfully.  "Don't say that," implored my mother.    "Perhaps there is a mistake."  "How can there be a mistake?" asked Constance, raising her head.  "There can be no mistake," said  my aunt hastily.  "Hov.-   could  he   be  cruel to  you?"  cried Constance, kissing my mother.  "Cruel to me!" cried my mot ber.  "You said he was cruel to you. "  "Of  whom are you speaking?" cried  both ladies.  "Of Alfred, of course."  The   two   elder ladies  sat down suddenly.  "You are not engaged to Alfred?"  they gasped simultaneously.  "To whom else?" said Constance in  amazement.  "There is some misunderstanding,"  I observed smoothly, coming in at the  moment.  The three fell upon me together.  it took at least an hour to explain.  Yet I had said  nothing which was not  strictly true.  "You will not allow these Rractical  joke s when you are married, will you,  Conn}-?" said my mother fondly.  "I will nor," replied Constance,  tightening her lips.  "Marriage is the saving of a young  maii,'" repcuts-d my aunt grimly.���  Chl<ii hers' Jou rual.  EDMUND  KEAN.  To See Him Act Was Like Reading: Shnke-S-  peare by Lightning.  Before the third century after the  birth of Shakespe'are had reached its  first quarter there was born in England  to a stage carpenter and a strolling  actress a child destined to grapple with  the poet's highest thought and interpret  it with a vividness that to this day  stands unrivaled. Coleridge's terse comment, that to see him act was reading  Shakespeare by lightning, reveals him  with the fullness of a volume. Edmund  Kean, along with most people early  trained to an art, had little, if any, education of the schools. He was when a  boy provided with instruction by some  benevolent people whom his smartness  and beauty attracted, but he rebelled  against the tasks of study and went to  sea. But life there was too rough for his  fine nature. He returned to England,  and at the age of 7 began the study of  Shakespeare's characters with his untie Moses. This he continued with an  actress named Tidswell, who taught  him besides, as well as she knew, the  principles of her art.  At that early age he had the credit of  originality so surprising as even tb*en  to challenge the supremacy of Philip  Kemble. At 14 he played Hamlet.  King George had him recite at Windsor  castle, and it is said this incident led  some gentlemen to send him to Eton,  but there is no record of it. At 20 he  was in a provincial troop, a member  of which he married, and for six years  thereafter, until his glorious night at  Prury Lane, his life was one of hardship, struggle, obscurity, but, thanks to  the faith in himself, not hopeless. Hia  London debut was made at 28. He had  fought for it hard and long and would  then have missed it but for the falling  reputation of the theater. London debuts in first roles are not easy for provincial actors, and none knows better  how hard they are to get than Henry  Irving. Kean seems to have been at big  full splendor, and made a hit. After that  his habits were altogether prejudicial  to. the refinement of taste or the acquisition cf knowledge.���St. Louis Globe-  Democrat.  IS  IT A  MATTER OF TIME?  What Was Considered Modest and Proper  a Hundred Years Ago.  Modesty, as has often been said, may  almost be considered a matter of time  and place. In the time of George III ol  , England, though the drapery was of the  ' scantiest, it was not considered delicate  or refined to uncover the forehead. Some  young ladies who had been abroad were  considered bold looking because they  wore their hair Madonna fashion. Ladies not in la premiere jeunesse very  generally wore wigs. The princesses  had their beads shaved and wore wigs  ready dressed and decorated for the  ���evening to save time for the toilet.  Widows almost always shaved their  heads. Lady Murray says her mother's  beautiful hair was cut off for her deep  mourning, and she never wore anything  but a wig in after years.  At Windsor castle in those dayE  luncbeoK was not, as it is now, a general meal. Each lady had a chicken, a  plate of fruit and a bottle of king's cup  (the peel of a lemon put to soak foi  some hours in cold water and then  sweetened with sugar) brought to her  room every day. Those were the days  for servants' perquisites. On all the  highest saints' days a tinsel cross ol  divers colors was placed on the table?  of the ladies or sent to their residences,  and a guinea was understood to be due  in return. A bottle of wine every two  days and unnecessary wax candles were  the perquisites of the ladies' maids.  Candles were extinguished as soon as  lit, to be carried off by servants. Pages  were seen marching out before the royal  family with a bottle of wine sticking  out of each pocket, and the state page  called regularly upon each person who  attended the drawing rooms, with his  book, to receive the accustomed gratuity. The ladies in waiting then wore  the Windsor uniform, which is at present confined to the gentlemen attendants. It was a blue cloth habit, not  long, as worn for riding, but the length  of a gown, with buttons having a stai  surrounded with the motto, "Honi soit  qui mal y pense" and a scarlet collar.���  New York Herald.  Hat Shooting-1.  A visitor in Pass Christian, Miss., the  other day heard some pistol shots and  asked a negro boy what they meant.  "Oh," was the reply, "them fellows  dun be shoo tin fo' hats." "Shooting  for hats!" exclaimed the visitor, "what  on earth do you mean?" "Sure, dere is  uufrin strange 'bout dat. They's doin it  ebry day 'most. When de train is coin-  in, day jes' fires dem shots when she  gets good on to de bridge, an de men  day sticks dere heads out to see what's  up, an de wind jes' takes dere hats off  an drops 'em in de bay. Den dey rows  around an picks 'em up. Sometimes  dey gets a lot of 'em. Other day Josh  Johnson got seben. ". "What does Josh  Johnson do besides shoot for hats?" was  ssked. "Oh, be fishes an does odd jobs  an lives."���New York Tribune.  Footed the Bills.  Francis W. Bird, the Sage of Wal-  polc, once went to see Dr. S. G. Howe  anci found him with his feet swathed in  flannels and extended on a chair.  "Howe, what is the matter?" he asked.  "I have got tbe gout," said Howe.  "You have got the gout���such a temperance man as you." "Yes, Bird, my  a:."*' stors drank wine, and I have to  foot the bills.'"���Boston Transcript.  THE   CLINTONIA.  In California, where great redwoods grew.  The tall elin'tonia stands���a stately, sight,  Sliv-.Vi::���..--; in lc:-ny ways its scarlet light���  A 1:"t in rod robes, as if to show  A l-'V- jr.o'if; royal lh-:'.2i pnle'lilies know.  The Ijicoding firs luroiigh. winter's fog and  J-!ti01il  Dre::::i of the time when these bright torches  bloom.  This flower of cheer was loved by great Tho-  : eau  Throi-.;;)i Maine's dark pines and lakeside  greenery���  By our beloved Thoreau, ordained to be  A priest to lead its ro God's temples grand,  Whereon thc wonders of his skill are spent.  'F-* - e:;t cf these, the tall flintonias stand,  i'Lo altar candles of a continent.  ���Lillian H. Shuey in Overland Monthly.  *:���*���>ia".'.','.    ''.jBiiMiaj^.iMiJ-Bil'Ji.'MW.glff'l.faiMiui'B. .:.iaias~" muse.< mumamr iatiKeua&iatr^jv bM+vVL'smxmnpn.  LintohBros'  book store.  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  POCKETS.  rrilrty   of    Them    Ttlado    In   a   Pair    of  Breeches of the Year 1611.  Perhaps* the best proof of tlie advance  of the Japanese in civilization is to be  found in their use of pockets. The people of that country have usually six or  eight pockets cunningly inserted in the  culls of their wide sleeves. These pockets are always filled with a curious miscellany. As common as tho twine in the  pockets of young Americans is the prayer amulet written on sheets of rice paper and composed by the bonzes. In accordance with their faith, these amulets are swallowed like a pill iu cases  of mental or physical distress. Another  essential -seldom missing is a number of  small squares of silky paper. These are  put to une::pected uses, such as to hold  the stem of a lily or lotus, to dry a teacup or to wipe away a tear. Among the  Chinese and other nations a pouch is  u'-ed instead of a pocket. This was also  the case in western Europe in tho mid-  die ages and for some time afterward.  Tlie pouch was attached to tho girdle,  along with a dagger and rosary. It was  called an -ml 2110uir.ro or gipciere. It was  often ornamented \vi; li curious patterns,  gold and silk threads, coats of arms and  religious sentences. A dramatist of the  time cf Henry VIII wrote:  From n:y girdle he plucked my pouch;  By your leave ho loft me never a penny.  Breeches, however, had pockets at an  early date. In an old play written about  1611 it is mentioned that a man had his  breeches plaited as if they had 30 pockets. But pockets did not attain their  pioper position until the adoption of  the modern style of men's garments.  With waistcoats a great opportunity for  pockets presented itself. Later they were  made very broad and deep and were  covered with embroidery and buttons.  In the reign of George III waistcoat  pockets reached such size in England  that they became objects of ridicule, so  that they soon began to resume more  moderate proportions.���New York Post.  The Sultan's Household.  In the time of thc sultan's predecessor  the seraglio buildings stretched along  tbe banks of the Bosporousfor \% miles,  and contained some 4,000 persons, the  household order and arrangement being  much as they are at present. The sultan's mother���when he has a mother���  receives a servile obedience from all its  initiates. Then comes tho hasnadar  ousta, or mistress of the treasury, generally a shrewd old woman, promoted  from the ranks of the servants for her  talent for housekeeping and gossip. If  the sultaui valide dies, the hasnadar succeeds her. Under Abdul Medjid the  ivraglio was leug ruled hy a washerwoman, whose chief adviser was a bal-  t utile, or hewer of wood, who could not  read, but had the power of dismissing  viziers. The sultan's four kadiues come  next, who rank as spouses till he divorces tkem and marries them to soni*.  of the pashas. Then there are five or sir-  ikbals, or favorites; then theguieuzede*-  (from guieuz, eve���girls who have at  tracted the master's glance).  Every woman who marries from tin  seraglio takes with her, besides a larg<  portion in cash, her clothing, jewel?  furniture, carriage.- and servants. Aftei  them come the kadiues-effendis, tin  mothers of the sultan's children; thei.:  the unmarried princesses of tho royaj  blood, then the foster mothers and fostci  sisters of the sultana or princes or princesses. Among the attendants are chamberlains, secretaries, guards, eunuchs,  scullions, cooks, pages, musioiaus,  dancing girls, dwarfs, buffoons, priests,  astrologers, barbers and shampooers,  .tasters of the sultan's food, athletes,  cockfighters, ramfighters, jugglers and  grooms to look after the 500 horses contained in the imperial stables.���New-  York Tribune.  EyelesB Animals.  Many of the lower animals are known  to see without eyes, the skin having a  high degree of sensitiveness to light.  Thus earthworms, the maggots of flies  and eyeless centipeds find their way  about nearly as readily as similar creatures which have eyes. In a recent German work on the sensitiveness to light  of eyeless animals, Dr. Nagel, who  made his observations chiefly on niol-  lusks, found that the eyeless bivalves  and snails he experimented with showed  a high degree'of sensitiveness to light.  He found that some species reacted especially to diminution, others to increase of light, and that this difference  was correlated with other characters.���  Philadelphia Press.  Old Newspaper File.  The San Francisco public library rejoices in the possession of about two  years' files of the first newspaper published on the Pacific coast, it being the  Oregon Spectator, which was begun at  Oregon City, Or., Thursday, Feb. 5,  18-16. The first Californian publication  was The Californian, which appeared  at Monterey Aug. 15, 1846.���Los Angeles Times.  On an average each Englishman  writes 40 letters a year, each Scotchman 30 and each Irishman 16. The  average Italian only posts 6, and the  American 21.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting* Goods,  Fishing1 Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining* Laws & Maps.  ���Jv  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  General Merchants  Silverton, B...C.  Ship goods to. any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in  the Slocan country.  Miller  s.a.w -m:ii-iIj  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.'       Orders promptly  filled.  Address letters to New Denver.  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graiiiteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  ASLO HOTEL  Family it Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against lire. Rates ��2.50  and'��3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds wanted for  English market.  Send full particulars to  RICHARD PLEVv MAN  Milling Broker, P. O. Box 75(1, Rossland, B. o  "'   ' Guiifk ��n)lf%mli%mlfkmlfk  DR. A. MILLOY,  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. 11. on Slocan Lake.  Eosebery  Has the only safe harbor north of  Slocan City.'  Eosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Eosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Room 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  WW -WW WW  . ��� ��� .uuu!.Jiinuui uul^uu -jamstaiamm  OLD    FAVORITES.  In Australia there are bird entrapping  spiders that spin webs sometime.'* *W  feet in diameter.  By BretHartc.  Gold! g*nkl! gold! iiold!  Bright and yellow, hard and cold,  Molten. graven, hammered and rolled;  ITciivv to ffiit, and lifrht to hold ;  Hoarded, bartered, bought,.awl sold,  Stolen, borrowed, squandered, doled :  Spurned by the yoiiiiir. huj#jcd by the old  To the verv v.irge of the church-yard mold;  Price of man v :t crime untold :  Gold! gold! gold! gold!  How widely it.-, uses vary-  To save���lo ruin���to curse���to bless-  As even its minted coins express,  Now stamped with the inimage of good Queen  Bess,  And now of Bloody Mary.���Hood.  For  four-bits   you can  purchase  100  ancient,newspapers at this oflice.  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Eosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Eosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Eosebery  Terms, �� cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do you want Anything in the way  of Printing Material.  CorS?fi? theToronto Type  foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.C.CROWE, Agent,  Clfl Cordova Street,  J^u       VANCOUVER, B.C. Fifth Year.  THE LEDG-E, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  *#  OVER   THE   RIVER.  Over the river they beckon me���  Loved one's who've passed to the other side;  The gleam of their snowy robes I see.  But their voices are lost in the dashing tune.  There's one with ringlets of sunny gold,  And eyes the reflection of heaven's own blue :  He crossed in the twilight grey and cold,    _  And the pale mist hid him from mortal view ;  We saw not the angels who met him there,  The gates of the city we could not see-  Over the river, over the river,  My brother stands waiting to welcome me.  Over the river the the boatman pale  Carried another, the household ]iet;  Her brown curls waved in the gentle gale-  Darling Minnie!  I see her yet.  She crossed on her bosom her dimpled hands,  And fearlessly entered the phantom bark.  We felt it glide from the silver sands,  And all our sunshine grew strangely dark;  We know she is safe on the further side,  Where all the ransomed and angels be-  Over the river, the mystic river.  My childhood's idol is waiting for me.  For none return from those quiet shores,  Who cross with the boatman  cold and pale ;  We hear the dip of the golden oars.  And catch a gleam of the snowy sail!  Audio! -they have passed from  our  yearning  heart, ' .  They cross the stream and are. gone for aye,  We mav not sunder the veil apart _  That hides from our vision the gates of day :  We only know that their barks no more  May sail with us o'er life's stormy sea-  Yet, somewhere. I know, on tlie unseen shore,  They watch and beckon and wait for me.  And 1 sit and think when the sunset's gold  I�� flushing river and hill and shore,  I shall one dav stand by the water cold  And list for the sound of thc boat-man's oar ���,  I shall watch for a gleam of the. flapping sail,  I shall hear the boat as it gains the strand ;  I shall pass from sight with the boatman pale  To the better shore of the spirit laud.  I shall know the loved who have gone before,  And joyfullv sweet will thc meeting be,  When over the river, the peaceful rivor,  The Angel of Death shall carry me.  ���Nancy Priest.  catch my meaning.   I simply asked the  date of this occurrence."  " Yaas, that's .what*I said. Kissed  her forty-seven times in less'n twenty  minutes, an' then���"  Somers   pawed the  citedly and howled:  occur  .���>"  atmosphere ex-  ��� When did this  A   CARP  AND  A   BASS  CONFLICT  IN   DEADtT  One of the most remarkable sparring  contests of the season took place at Wil-  liamsport, Pa. It lasted twenty minutes  and there were innumerable rounds.  George Ensminger was the only witness,  and it is he who told the story ofthe  desperate conflict.  The contestants were a.bass and a  carp, and the two were such deadly  enemies from the start that it is to be  feared the fight was not very sportsmanlike.  The carp was three times the size of  the bass, but it was the bass who was  the assilant. Beyond doubt, as it was  the spawning season, the larger fish had  attacked the nest of the smaller, and  under these circumstances a bass will  fight to the very death.  When Ensminger's attention was first  attracted, the bass had a firm hold on  the carp, and the splashing made in the.  water by the struggles of the two was  something prodigious. Now and then  there would be a particularly violent  ebullition of spray as the carp broke  loose from the grasp of the bass. In a  moment he was back in the fray, but as  often as he returned he was seized  again and tormented by the desperate  mother, bent on avenging her young.  The only method of retaliation which  seemed to be at the carp's command was  to pound the bass with its broad tail.but  this did not stun or wound the smaller  fish, and served only to infuriate it still  further. The fight would undoubtedly  have resulted in the killing* of the carp  by its antagonist if the spectator had not  interfered.'  UIS'    FIRST    CHANOl*.  " Oh ! Why didn't you say so afore,  young* man?" Then reflectively:  '* Wa'al, bein' 's I'm under oath, I should  jedge 't might a be'n a lettle arter 11  o'clock 't night."  The lawyer nearly choked, but seeing  that he was fast loosing ground with  the jury, he partially rallied and said  quite slowly: " I mean the date. What  was the date of this? " .  " Oh! I sh'd jedge she sot on his lap  half an hour, 'ah then they changed off  'n he sot on���"  This was too much. The jurymen  were all convulsed with laughter. Tlie  judge's solemn face widened into a grin.  Somers jumped up and began speaking  excitedly.  Uncle'Dave watched him two or three  minutes, and then, thinking that he  was talking about Miss Spooner, he  said: "Now you look here, voung feller,  don't ye never say nothin agin 'Lizy  Jane.' 'Lizy Jane is es line er gal's ever  trod shoe leather 'Taint nothin' agin  her if Bill Smith codded her up to think  he'd splice up with her."  But the old man was removed from  the box, and as he walked clown the  room lie growled : " 'E young fly trap!  'E may Cool a young gal out 'en her  feller,'but'c can't cod 'n old manlike  Uncle Dave Bavlev.   No sir ee 1"  KRKEZEOUT    AT    KLONDIKE.  A Dawson Citv mining man lay dying on the ice ;  There was lack of woman's nursing for he didn't  have the price.  But a comrade bent beside him, is the sun sank  to repose. "     .  To hear what he might have to say, and watch  him while he froze.  The dying miner raised his head above the field  of snow,  And he said,''I never saw it thaw at sixty-five  below;  Take a message- and   a  token to some distant  friends thereat,  For I was born at  Gibbon, at Gibbon on the  Platte.  "Tell my brothers and companions, if you ever  get back east  That the famous Klondike country is no place for  man or beast;  That the mountains are too rugged and the weather is too cold,  And the wheat fields of Nebraska yield a higher  grade of gold.  Tell my father not to sorrow with a sorrow deep  and dense; ��  That I would not thus have perished if I'd had a  lick of sense,  But to keep the sorrel horses and the high grade  cattle fat  Upon  the farm  at Gibbon,  at   Gibbon on tho  Platte.  "And should you chance to meet her, tell the girl  that I adored  That I thought to be a millionaire, but couldn't  pay mv board;  For a day of honest labor wouldn't buy a pound of  urease  And the charge for leather biscuits here is sixty  cents apiece,  "Good bye," ho murmured faintly, "I have nothing more to say,"  Whereupon he breathed |a time or two and froze  up right away.  And it took of golden  nuggets eighty pounds or  more than that  To ship him back to Gibbon, fair Gibbon on the  Platte.  ���Nebraska State Journal.  Tom���I wish I was the Ocean Queen's  little hoy.  Mamma���Why?  Tom���'Cause "Captain Brown said  she'd just come into port with hex-  spanker g'one. ���  "Huh!" snorted the husband who  had been inveigled into attended the  rendition of a sermon. "Call him a boy  preacher ?   He is 40 if lie is a day."  "He does look that way," said the  wife ; "but," she continued, in her anxiety to please, "don't you think he has  the mind of a boy ?"  Mary���I actually gave a quarter to a  beggar this afternoon, and I am honest  enough to admit that I would not have  done it if he had not called me pretty.,  Sarah���Did you learn how he lost his  sight. '  Well, little girl, what is it?  If you please, sir, Mr. Slimmer will  not be able to come down this morning.  He's just got back from a two weeks'  rest in the"' country, and he's all tired  out.  Ethel���Tt must be very trying to be  as near-sighted as Mr. Se'hks is.  Harold���Oli. it is���very. He watched  a fair bather for half ah hour the other  clay before he found out that it was his  wife.  Smith���Where is Pulsifer now?  Brown���He's.over in Snortville; got  a big establishment there, doing* business on the Square.  Smith���Well, he has improved since  he left Austin. When he was here he  didn't do business on the square by a  blamed sight. He failed three times  inside of two years.  Applicant���Is this the place to apply  for a pension? I'm an old soldier, sir,  and up to the present time I haven't  asked: the Government to give 'me a  cent.   Now I want assistance.  Pension Agent���You want a back  pension?  Applicant���Certainly; that's where I  was shot.���Tid-Bits.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Pay Rock Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork of Carpenter Creek, about six miles  above Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  J_    agent   for  Edwin Smith   Graham   and A.  Helhners, free miners certificates Nos. 80480 and  81380, intend, GO days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim. ���  And,    further   take    notice/that  action  under    section    37,    must    be     commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Im  provements.  Dated this 30tli day of Sept, 1897.  T. S. GORE.  Fidelity Mineral Claim.  Situated   in  the Slocan Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Where located:  About two miles southeast of Xew Denver,  B C  ���"PAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred Driscoll, as agent  1    for F. L Byron, free miner's eertificateNo.  81979, L. P. Holtz, free miner's certificate No.  74<589, ana A. S. Williamson, free miner's certificate    No.    79237,    intend    sixty    days    from  the  date   hereof,    to apply   to   the   Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claini.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 20th day of Sept., 1897. '*.  RPASSENGER  U        TRAINS  EACH   DAY.  EACH   DAY  T  DIXIES'S   IN   IT.  Oh. Dixie Ian'���she ain't forgotten.  Seven cents en eight fer cotton,  ���. Pick away,  Pick away,  Pick away down South in Dixie !  He see wheat rise ter a silver dollar,  En cotton 'low dat he'll up en foller !  Pick away,  Pick away,  Pick away down South in Dixie !  Ef cotton rise en rise fum seven,  Take dis worl' in de place er heaven,  Pick away,  Pickaway,  Pick away down South in Dixie!  ���Atlanta Constitution.  IN   THE   FIELDS.  "[s there a man in all the audience,*'  demanded the female speaker on woman's rights, fiercely, "that has ever  done anything to enlighten the burden  resting on his wife's shoulders? What  do you know of woman's work?' Is  there a man here," she continued, folding her arms and looking over her  audience with superb scorn, "that has  ever ggot up in the morning, leaving  his tired, worn-out wife to enjoy her  slumbers, gone quietly downstairs,  made thc tire, cooked his own breakfast, seAvn the missing buttons on the  children's clothes, darned the family  stockings, scoured the pots and kettles,  cleaned and filled the lamps, swept the  kitchen, and done all this, if necessary,  day after day uncomplainingly? If  there is such a man in this audience, let  him stand up. I should much like to  see him."  And far back in the hall a mild-looking man in spectacles, in obedience to  the summons, timidly arose. He was  the husband of the eloquent speaker.  It was the first chance he had ever had  to assert himself.  The Lover���You won't marrv me  then?  The Girl Graduate���I cannot. ���  He���Yet you admit that I am not re-  pellant to you ?  She���Your magnetic force is tlie reverse.  He���I have wealth and a career.  She���The former suffices.  He���I am called-er-ahem-good-looking*  She���I have sized you up.  He���I am willing to lie at your feet  like a   She���-I detest dogs.  He���I would do anything for you���  She���My managerial ability inspires  me with confidence.  He���And you won't marry me?  She���How can I, Stupid? Get me a  minister or any old chap that knows how  to tie the knot and I am���you are mine.  (The lovers had falls off because of a  sudden joyous cranial inflation)���Jester.  Carpets, floor cloth, rugs, mats, curtains. Bedroom sets in ash and oak.  Lai*gest stock in Slocan-Kootenay.  CROWLEY, above Lkdgk Office, New  Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points  and Sandon.  Halton Chief Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork of Cariienter Creek  about six miles  above Three Forks.  **AKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  agent   for   Edwin   Smith    Graham,    free  miner's certificate No. 80,480, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above-claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sept., 1897.  .  T.S. GORE.  O. K. Mineral Claini.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   AVhere located: North  Fork Carpenter Creek, about,six miles above  Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  JL   agent for Edwin Smith Graham  and   A.  Helhners, free miner's certificates Nos. 80480 and  81830, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certiiicate of  improvements,  for thc purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before thc issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of September, 1897.   -  T. S. GORE.  Millie Mack Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Blue  Grouse mountain, on the south slope near the  summit.  -UKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  _ agent for The Kamloops Mining and Development Company, limited liability, free miner's  certificate No. 97*^800, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st dav of July, 1897.  ,  _^_ J. A, KIRK.  Wolf Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Blue  Grouse mountain, one'half mile north of  Cariboo Creek.  1AKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  agent for H. C. Sharp, free miner's certificate  No. 83,892 and C. C. Woodhousc, jr., free  miner's certificate No. 3103 A, intend GO days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice   that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 19th day of July, 1897.  7. A. KIRK.  ���'  Elkhorn Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On the  left bank of Miller Creek, about half a mile  from its junction with Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, J. H. Gray, acting as  agent for J. W. Stewart, free miner's certificate No. 77,098, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate ��� of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before 'the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of July, 1897.  War Eagle Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creek, a tributary of Cariboo  Creek.  TAKE NuTICE that I, Geo. Alexander, free  miner's certificate No. 74000, and as agent  for H. B. Alexander, free miner's certificate No.  77002, S. E. Manual, free miner's eertificateNo.  78270, and F. G. Fauquier, free miner's certiiicate  No. 78379, intend sixty days from* thc  date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.  TRAINS  - Between -  Trail and  Rossland  in k Weston ffy  Run Made in one Hour.  On the.'*-****-*  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Coiuieoos in  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland with Red Mountain train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  ,..     at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Ste&i&bra. for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GTJTELIUS, Gen'l Supt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  T  Cube I/ode Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located: On top  v of divide between Sandon and Cody creeks  and about one mile from mouth of Cody  creek,  rPAKE NOTICE .That I, A.R.Heyland, acting as  l agent for Alonzo D. Coplen; free miner's certificate No. 77,224, intend, GO days fromthe date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1897.  T  Silverton  Drug  Store  Dealing   With   A   Deaf   Witness.  "Uncle"  seventv  Several years ago, while Antrim  county. Mich., was in a primitive state  of civilization, a breach of promise suit  came before the Circuit Court at Elk  Rapids,. The plaintiff, one Eliza J.  Spooner, alleged that William Smith  had trifled with her young* affections  seriously much. He had, by promise  to marry, induced her to give up one  Samuel Jones, who was also an admirer  of hers, and who, under the smart of  her refusal, had since joined himself in  the holy bonds of matrimony to Lucy  Skinner, and in consequence, was now  out of the market ; which the suing  party claimed had blighted her fondest  hopes, and cast about S125 worth of  gloom over her future.  The plaintiff's witness was  Dave Bagley. He was over  and very deaf. One of his peculiarities  was to ahvays answer a question, and  it made no differance whether he understood it or not; his reply was ready.  The lawyer for the defence was a  little asthmatic/choleric man named  Somers, and this was his cross examination of Uncle Bagley:  " Mr. Bagley, you" have taken a  solemn oath to telf the truth. You say  that upon a certain night you saw Eliza  J. Spooner and William Smith���the  man now before you���together. You  also said that they were seated upon  Mr. John Spooner's back porch. Now  you will please state to the jury the  exact date of this occurrence."  '��� Lizzie Jane Spooner was a set-tin'  on Bill Smith's lap, an' he���"  "No, no. Hold on!" interrupted  Somers, sharply. "Answer mv question directly and unequivocally."  " Bill had his arms around her a hug-  gin her," pursued the old man complacently.  The defence glared angrily at the  witness, and then glanced around the  court room. Everyone wore a look of  supreme felicity that was little calculated to soothe his ruffled temper.  Turning to the witness again he said  emphatically,    " You do  not seem to  tlTTr-E   GRINS.  years,  bigger.  At a watering* place in the Pyrenees  the conversation at table turned upon a  wonderful echo to be heard some distance off on the Franco-Spanish frontier.  It is astonishing, said an inhabitant of  the Garonne, as soon as you hav e  spoken you hear distinctly the voice  leap from rock to rock, from precipice  to precipice, and as soon as it has passed  the frontier the echo assumes the Spanish accent.  A peasant, who regularly attended  the market in the neighboring* town,  on seeing the children ofthe orphanage  walking by in procession was heard to  remark : "How strange ! I have now  been coming to town for the last twenty  and those brats never get any  They're just the same size as  when my father was alive.  Dr. R. is the jolliest of mortals.  There.never was a practitioner who  took the death of his patients so cheerfully. Yesterday he called to see one  who was down with pleurisy. The concierge stopped him at the door: "Monsieur died during the night." "Major !  that suits me to a T. I happen to be  awful busy this morning."  Paul, what text did I preach from this  morning ?  Paul���God is no respectable person.  Papa���No, my son, it was, God is no  respecter of persons.  Paul���Well, Papa, if He doesn't respect anybody else He must not be very  respectable.  In a western school, not so very long  ago, a little fellow was called up to read  for the County Superintendent, who  was paying- theschool a visit. The hoy  was a good reader in all respects but  one; he gave absolutely no attention to  punctuation marks. When he had finished the Superintendent asked: Willie  where are your pauses? Willie dropped his book and held up both hands.  Here they are, sir.  I have seen in Islington -church yard  an epitaph on an infant who died aetatis  four months, with this seasonable inscription appended : Honor thy father  and thy mother that thy days may be  long in the land.���Charles Lamb Letters.  Mary Ann���Lor' Jemima, what a dear  little heagle !  Jemima���It ain't a heagle; it's a howl.  Keeper���You're both wrong, ladies ;  it ain't a beagle hor a howl; itTs a "awk.  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet .  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R. O. Matheson,  Proprietor,  Siiverton,  .C.  Independence Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse mountain, about  one mile from the  .forks of Cariboo Creek.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL   agent for C. C. Woodhouse, jr., free miner's  certificate    No.    3103 A,    intend,   sixty   days  from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining  Recorder   for   a    certificate     of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of July, 1897.  J. A  KIRK.  Yuma Fraction Mineral Claini.  Situate in the Slocan Minim? Division of West  Kootenay District. Where' located:���  West if ill**-. Rntti !>rotip, within one mile of  the town ul' Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I. R. W. Gordon , free miner's eertificateNo. 89539, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 24th day of July, 1897.  Irene   Mineral Claim.  Chicago Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mi.iing Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On top of  divide between Sandon and Cody creeks and  about one mile from mouth of Cody creek.  ���PAKE NOTICE, That I-.A.R. Heyland, acting as  1   agent for Alonzo D. Coplen. free miner's certificate No. 77,224, intend. (iO days from the date  hereof to apply  to the  Mining Recorder, for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of tlie above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before  the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1897.  Noonday, Grey Eagle, and Fourth of  July Mineral Claims.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  _RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  ���   East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning, making cl ose connection  at Revelstoke with trains ^or  all points East or "West.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kooteiicvy District.   Where located:   On the  east slope of the valley of Cody creek, about  three miles from Cody.  "TAKE NOTICE,   That I,   J.   H.  Gray,   act-  1   ing   as     agent    for.   Byron    N.    White,  free  miner's   certificate   No. 74,260, intend, 60  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  purjwse  of  obtaining  Crown   Grant  of   above  claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before issuance of such  Certificate of improvements.  Dated this 8th day of September' 18u.i  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,  or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located : Near the  town of Sandou.  TAKE NOTICE that I, E. M. Sandilands, free  miner's certificate No. 86121, as agent for A.  H. Blumenauer, free miner's certificate No. 61895.  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  . And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 18th day of August, 1897.  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that Iintend, 60 days.  Dl after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 160 acres of land, (more or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south along the lake shore to place of commencement.  Located Aug. 23,1897,  HENRY STEGE,  New-Denver, Aug. 23,1897.  &  �����  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,  LTD.  Nakusp  awmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Seduced Prices  [L. 1847, G. l.J  Snow-flake Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. . Where located: About  two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoining the Greenhorn mineral claim.  rPAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  1 whaite, free miners' certificate No.  1206 A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Minim? Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of September. 1897.  EDWARD H   APPLE WHAITE.  Keno Mineral Claim.  ta  On Kootenay Lake and R'ver.  PRICE   LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  Siooo  "          ���'         wide,  $11 00 to   12 ..  Joist and Scantling, sized up to  18 feet long,  11 ..  8 ' to 24 '  12 ..  24 'to 30 '  13 ..  Flooring, T & G, G "  "             ���'     4 "  V joint Ceiling, J  20 ..  22 ..  " Rustic,  19 ..  Shiplap,  14 ..  Surfaced Dressed,  13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENEIXE & Co  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  Dl I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following described lands situated in the  Slocan Mining Division, West Kootenay District,  on Fennel creek, (a Branch of Four Mile creek)  and about seven and one-half miles from the  town of Silverton: Commencing at a post on the  east side of Fennell creek marked "R. H. H.  Alexander's northeast corner," and running west  30 chains, then ee south 5:i chains, thence east 30  chains, thence north "i3 chains, to point of com.  mencement and containing 160 acres, more or  less.  Dated 20th August. 1897.  R. H. H. ALEXANDER,  Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District.  TAKE NOTICE that I. S. P. Tuck, free  miner's certiiicate No. 97,382, acting as agent  foi-W. P. Russell, free miner's certificate No.  76266, intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of tho above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before tho  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 26th day of August, 1897.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.   1st,   1897.   Daily  Exeent Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five Mile Point with all  passengei trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:45 a.m  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.; Rossland 3:40 p  m.; Spokane, 6 p.m.  Lv.   Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m.; Rossland, 10:20 a.m.;  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  The only all rail-.'oute without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Eossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District ofthe  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  9:20 a.m.  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  2:50   "  6:40 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KA8L0&SLOGAN RY  TIME CARD  NEW SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo, etc, Tues., Wed., Thurs.;  Fri., Sat.; 8:30 a.m.   Ar. Kaslo, 12:30, p.m.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc., Mon., Tues., Wed.,  Thurs., Fri.; 4 p.m.   Ar. Nelson, 8 p.m.  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave  8 00 A.M  8 36  '���  " 9 36  " 9 51  '��� 10 03  " 10 18  " 10 38  Arr. 10 50  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's ������  Whitewater "  Bear Lake "  McGuigan "  Cody Junction "  Sandon Leave  Arrive, 3 50 P.M  "      3 15 "  2 15 "  ;!       2 00 "  "       1 48 "  1 33 "  1 12 "  1 00 "  DISSOLUTION  OF   PARTNERSHIP.  THE   Partnership  heretofore existin"* between  Robert Sanderson  and Nathan  E.  Lay, is  hereby dissolved bv mutual consent.  'ROBERT SANDERSON,  NATHAN E. LAV.  Trail. Sept. 13, 1897.  Great Eastern Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about l.J miles southeast of Town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer of  Sandon, acting as  agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No.97435 intend 60  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements "  R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.    sel6  BONNER'S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits tho arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, Sat.,4.00 p. m; Ar. Boundary, Sun.  midnight; Ai. Bonner's Ferry. Sun., 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun., 1 p.m.; Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close connecton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.40 a.m.,  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  The last trip this season on thc Bonner's Ferry  route will be on the 0th and 7th November after  which date thc Bonner's Ferry service will lie  discontinued.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C., Oct. 1,1897  IB Lines.  Aurora Fractional Mineral Claim.  Situated in thc Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of the Ruth group, within one mile of the town  of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, H. B. Alexander, free  miner's certificate No 77002, intend, sixty  days from tlie date hereof to apply to thc Mining  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtain ing Crown grant cf al*ove claim.  And further take notice that action, under  Section .'(7. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 24th day of July, 18117.  From Montreal  California, Allan Line    Parisian, "   Oct. 2  Carthaginian ���'     Labrador,Dominion Line    Oct 9  Vancouver, "' ,    From New York  Umbria, Cunard Line    Etruria "     Campania.      **'     Majestic, White Star Line    Teutonic " ���  St. Paul, American Lino    St. Louis, "     State of Nebraska, Allan State Line    Southward, Red Star Line Sept 29  Noordland, "     Cabin :?���''���, -f*50, sTJO, 70 .��80 and upwards.  Intermedin te ��30 and upwards.  Steerage 82.r>.50 and upwards.  Passengers  Ticketed   through to all points in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at  Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Continent.  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to H. DOUGLASS, agent. Now Denver,  or to���  WILLTAM   ST1TT.  General Agent,  C. P. R. Offices, Winnipeg  CODY   LINE.  Leave 11.00 a.m.        Sandon      Arrive 11.55 a.m.  "     11.25   " Cody "     11.20   "  For cheap railroad and steamship tickets to  and from all points, apply to S. CAMPBELL,  Sandon, B.D.  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  THE   STEAMER  W.HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon upon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd.,  June 1,1897.  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C. 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 28, 1897.  Fifth Year  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF  THE WEEK  \ssessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining  Properties.  The following is a complete list of the  minihg transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those ofTNew Derive- were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Oct l�����R A M, Granite creek, John Garrchar;  Illinois, Houson creek, C VV Greenlee; Perseverance, Carpenter, 11 Brook.  Oct 20���Mississippi, Wilson. E .1 Tracy aiid J  H Hoyd; Grand Prize, same. Lee Ward; Words-'  worth, Carpenter, Wm Asbv.-orth; Evangeline,  same, Thus Knight.  Oct 21���Nevada, same, Ole Larson; Chandos,  FcuiielhGeo C Clarke; Shelby, bet Four Mile and  Fennell, John T'Moore.  .Oc 1*23���Check Mate, California Hill, Lorenzo  Alexander; Tiptop Fractional, Best Basin, Chas  AIcGibbins; Edna Earl, Payne Mt, M. E Hall and  CM Wilson.  Oct 2>-Snow Drift, 'Carpenter,  Frank   Hen  driekson; Red Fox Fraction, Surprise basin, C  M Getbin^. Geo Henderson,  A W Wright, J K  ��� Clarke, Alfred Robinson,Chas McGregor.  ASSKSSMKNTS.  0<;t iu���Cosiuoplitan, Black Hock.  Oct 20���Knoxville, Mountain Queen, Polo,  . Nettie Fractional.  Oct 21���Franklin Fractional, Evening* Star  Fractional.  Oct 22���Silver Standard, Giant, Charlotte, Herbert, Baltimore, Rosedale.  Oct 23���Chambers, Eureka. Wellington, Jay  Gould.  Oct 25���liuchera, lono, Cascade, Spray, Silver-  ton Fraction.  CEHTIl'ICATK 01-"   IMI'HOVEMENl'S.  OCT 10���Ajax, Treasure Vault, Autoinc.  Oct 21���Wakeiield, Cazubazua, Ottawa No 2,  Robertson, Jenny Lind, Beaver.  Oct 25���March.  THANSl-'KHS.  Oct 15���J I C A. \V H Robertson to Lee Coombs,  Oct 7.  Kelso, Cazubazua Fraction, Kilmirc Fraction,  Donald Brainier to West Kootenay (B C) Exploring- and Mining* Co., Sept 21  Oct 19���Eureka, Mineral Hill.', Bruce White to  JSC Fraser, Octit, ��7,0 JO.  Flood Fraction, F A Wood toE II Thomlinson,  Oct 15. *  Lone jack ", CJ Porter to same, same.  Rattler i, David Whitely to Jack Aylwin,  Oct 111.  Bonanza King Fraction, Noble Five Fraction,  Evan E Ward to The Noble Five Consolidated  Mining & Milling Co, Oct 18, .-10.  Knoxville Fraction .World's Fair Fraction, F C  Baker to The Noble Five Consolidated M & M Co,  same, same.  Maud E Fraction, G B McDonald to same,  same, same  Oct 20���The Vancouver Fraction. -Win Lewis  to The Vancouver Group Minining Co, Oct li).    ,  53   StOCAX. CITY    DIVISION.  Oct 15���Clondike, A P McDonald.  OcrlO���Lake, S T Walker.  Oct 18���Venus, John Tinling; Acme, same.  Oct  10���Midnight,  Edward    Murphy;  Three  Friends, J W Sinclair.  Oct 20���Annie B, Elmer J Felt.  ASSESSMENTS.  Oct IS���Para.  Oct 20���Kootenay Pass,Pontiac.  XKANSKKltS.  Oct 15���Columbus No 5 \, Ernest Harrup to J T  Beauchesne, siau.  Somerset. Louis Hickman to Hugh Sutherland,  $3'.io.  Columbia No 5 i, J Beauchesne to same, $250,  Oct Ki���Two Friends i, Cornelius Murphy to  Edward Murphy.  Charming ,Widow *,-. :Jackson Radeliffe to T  Henderson,  North Star, ���}, Henry Roichart, Jackson Rad-  clitt'e and E B Dun lop to T Henderson.  Rawhide i, Henry Reichart and E BDunlop to  same.  Lone Dutchman ii, J'C Butler to same.  Tom Boy l,K B Diiulop to same.  Oct 18���Exchange. Victoria No 4, Skucum and  Silver Plate, James Morrish to Sir Charles Tup-  ]ier and Caldwell Ashl'orth.  Oct 10���Eagle Brand |, X J Hubcr to S G De-  war  Mic Mac J, James E Tattersall to J G Dewar,  ��100.  Oct 20���Trenton and Last Chance No 11,  Walter Clough and Peter Swan to Jainc Cran.  Quebec, A R Johnson to Win Harrison.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  the hills being- difficult, lor various  reasons. There may be workable  veins of gold, quartz above the placers  and there may not. There are vague  reports as the the existence of some,  buc it does not follow necessarily,  either in the Yukon or elsewhere,  that where there are placers there  are workable lodes.  A placer deposit of gold or tin is a  natural concentrator of mineral that  existed in solid rock. The erosion of  wind and water acting through im  measurable time has worn down the  earth's surface in many places to a  marvelous extent. In this kind of  disintegration stable minerals like  gold and cassiterite, which are of  much greater specific gravity than  their original matrix, were concentrated in water courses, just as they  are now concentrated by men in  sluicing. But nature has concentrated millions and millions of tons of  material where man has to concentrate comparatively few.  The discovery  of such  a  natural  concentration,   an   illuvial   deposit,  does  not,   however,   imply that its  source will be found, or if found, that  it   will   be   workable,   because  the  original lode may have been eroded  entirely, and therefore  no longer in  existence ; the placer gold or tin may  have come from a dissemination in a  great mass of rock  which  it would  never pay to mine,  or from  innumerable   veinlets which  were   never  exploitable ; or the auriferous debris  may have been carried  far from its  original source by  glacial action, so  that no   connection   between placer  and lode can be established. It is not  to be inferred from these suggestions,  however,   that there  are  not cases  where  placers have led .directly to  mother lodes.     .Numerous instances  can be cited  where they  have done  so, and vice versa,.     The conclusion  is simply that no general rule can be  laid down, and the existence of rich  placers does not in itself imply  the  existence of rich,   or even workable  ���veins.  The placers of Breckenridge. Colo.,  were discovered at the time of the  Pike's Peak excitement (1859) and  have been worked more or less ever  since,    producing    a    good    many  millions of gold.   Their origin from  lodes near by can be   traced  with  reasonable certainty,   and   some   of  those lodes have been   worked  profitably,    but the production   of. the  lodes has not yet been a tithe ot that  of the placers.    At the head of French  gulch, which was very rich, there is  an immense auriferous dike intersecting the slate  country   rock.     The  dike itself is generally low grade,  but in the joint planes of the slate  adjacent to it there are veinlets ot exceedingly rich ore in which the wonderful specimens of wire  and crys-  taline gold for which Breckenridge  is famous are found.   Both the dike  and the  veinlets in the   slate  have  been worked,   but so   far neither of  them profitably.    There was a similar experience at Leadville,   where  the mines which were discovered at  the head of California gulch  never  yielded what the wealth of the gulch  Vottom was thought to indicate.    In  these instances nature in long eras  effected probably a rich concentration  of gold from an immense amount of  very low grade material.  COKlMl.PT.iOX    C1IAKG JKD.  tried to get him to quit the game long  enough to tell me what the situation  was, so I could proceed intelligently and  with some system. He dismissed rue  rather curtly with the assurance that lie  would see me in two hours. When tlie  two hours were up I went back to his  room and he was opening jackpots with  the same interest lie displayed at first.  I sat. behind him and told him of what  appeared to me to be some dangerous  inroads the opposition were making on  him and urged him .with all the force at  my command to get to work and checkmate his enemies.  "Finally he turned on me impatiently  and said:* 'These fellows are the best  poker players 1 have run against since  the war, and I would not quit this game  while 1 am loser to be sent back to the  United States senate.' 'How much are  you loser ?' I enquired. The Senator  counted his chips carefully, and then  said : 'I am 35 cents behind now and  was only 20 cents behind when you  came back. You have bothered me so  much with your talk that. J. haven't been  able to keep up with the game as I ought  to. The sooner you get out the sooner  I'll get even. Then I'll see what my  enemies are doing.'  '������The game went on all .that night  without interruption, and it was nearly  breakfast time before the Senator got  even. He showed up.in the dining-room,  looking as fresh and vigorous as if he  had had a good night's rest, and devoted  the entire day to, straightening out the  senatorial tangle. At night he got the  same'party in his room,again, and they  resumed their game witli the"! eagerness  of gamblers playing for high stakes. 1  learned afterwards that during the  entire series of'games not as much as $5  changed hands."  KKMKMliEB    THIS    DATK  LOCATIONS.  Octks��� Boadicca, C H Ellacott; Burnt Hill, A  R Macdonald, Henry Rose, J S Hicks and 0  Stein: Red Dish, same.  Oct Hi���Zephyr, Richard George; Corleonc, W  B George; Mountain View, C F Olson.  Oct l'O���Mountain View, Bryan, Harvey, General.  Oct 21���Stewart Fraction, Rose Fraction, Reindeer, Japan, Grant, Delaware Fraction, Merry  England.  Oct; ai���Mabel T, Howser, Electric, Laird,  Harriet C, Concentrating:.  ASSKSSMKNTS.  Oct Hi���Hera, Heba. Oppollo, Big Four.  Oct l<)���Free Silver.  Oct 20���Joint A, Little Willie, Little Johnnie.  Oct 21���Uranus, Noon  Hour.  Black Diamond.  BlueGrou.se, .Morning Star.  Oct 22���Wake Up Jim, Red Star,Maggie, Alma  CKItl'II-'lCATE 01-*  l.Ml'KOVE.MKXTS.  Oct id���Silver Bear, Easter, Maud S, Last  Link, Nancy Hanks, Hazel C and Fresno.  THANSKKKS.  Oct 18���Monarch and Silver Fox \, H Klapach  to L ."Peterson.  Oakland \, 0 Hjerkness to B Wicks.  Oct ifi���Alton and Lucky Three, James Harris  and E R Shaw to L L Patrick, ii'OO.  Oct 20��� Bell h, J Robertson to W A Ross.  Paris Fair J, J M Martin to 11 O Ross.  Jumbo .'.-, J Matson to Matt Oledo.  Jumbo }. Matt Oledo to J Hudi.  Oct 2l--Porniission of Gold Commissioner that  work for Crown grant be done on Lincoln, Celebration and Death's Head.  Gecko and Laura -1/5, E Bloomlield to J B McArthur,  Dodie M?>, If Ralph to same.  Frank R -I//), same to same.  Bump Mi>. E Andrews to same:.  Teddy S, Clara and Chicora l/'/l, J R II Stovel  to same.  Corona and Trilby ���!/.!,(; B Corbould to same.  Ptarmigan. Svengali, Tally, Merry England.  Muriel -l/fi, E Andrews to same.  Talisman l/ri, H K Livingston to same.  Col. J. Thomas Scarff, Chinese inspector for the southern district ot  New York has sent to the secretary  of the treasury his resignation. He  says in his opinion, based on four  years of practical experience and  close observation, the U. S. Chinese-  exclusion act is a farce and has resulted in the corruption of the treasury department.  Colonel Scharff is an ex-officer of  the Confederate army and a fighter.  He was appointed Chinese inspector  in 1883, under the Cleveland administration, and immediately after his  arrival at New York preferred charges against customs officers, whom  he accused of assisting in the smuggling in of Chinese. He has never  succeeded in bringing about the dismissal of any of the men he has accused. He says his failure in that  direction was caused by the influence  of the Canadian Pacific railroad in  high quarters. He says fraud yet  exists, and that he has good reason  to believe that men in the employment and confidence of the government are making $15,000, a year  each from the illegal importation of  Chinese. The corruption, he believes, from evidence in his possession, girdles the continent. Chinamen who have no right-to go into the  states are admitted all along the  Canadian border, at the port of New  York, at Seattle and other points  along the Pacific coast.  ' On the evening of Thanksgiving' day  a grand concert is to be given in Clover's  Hall, under the joint auspices of the Kew  Denver Brass Band and the Knights of  Pythias. Elaborate preparations are  now being made for the event,  which will be tlie most striking of  any yet held in the town. The best  of vocal talent in the vieinty, together  with several well-known finished artists  on brass instruments, have been procured, so that the> program will be choice  and strictly up to date. Kemember the  event and keep the evening clear of any  other engagement.  The wagon road from Burton City to  Mineral City has been completed and  most of the'subscriptions paid in. The  cost was about 83,500, of which the Government put up 8-1,500.  Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor  sets in rugs and plush, New designs in  fancy chairs, couches, etc. At lowest  prices at Crowley's New Denver. Endless variety of Pillows, Beds and Mattresses.  Stranger (out west)���See here. I want  you to arrest those two men over there  for forcing me into a game of poker with  them and then swindling me.  Policeman���Y'r askin* far too much,  stranger. I can't arrest them gents.  One's the honored mayor of this 'ere  city, an' the other's the chief of perlicc,.  Hats and 'Neckties* for gentlemen at  Mrs. Merkley's.  An immense assortment of furniture  lower than Coast prices,  at Crowley's  New Denver.    Freight paid on order  to Sandon and all Slocan points.  Sec Hoben's corduroy and tweed suits  and ulsters.  Carry only  the best  lines of  Watches,  Clocks,  and  Cutlery  ���  in the        !  arket.  ge,  "Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  I carry tlie stock���the largest in the Slocan-  Kootenay, in show  rDoms covering*  3,000 feet of floor space.  Furniture for a Mansion or Cottao*e at  Finnicus���1 tell you a man never appreciates his wife till he gets in trouble.  Cynnicus���That's so; it's a big satisfaction to have some one. to blame for it.  ottoei  A full line  Hoben's.  of  rubbers and socks  at  Business Stand to rent with two rooms  up stairs, on Slocan avenue, New Denver. Also Restaurant business and  outfit for sale. Applv to Thompson,  Mitchell & Co.  Ic.OD?  Goods called  for & Delivered  AUNDRY  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest.        D. M.  CROWLEY,  practical up-  7   holsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make   .  anything to order.  Undertaking a Specialty.  Note the address: Above the Ledge office,  Sixth Street. New Denver.  Freight, paid on goods to Sandon, Slocan City and all Luke points.  ere  ers  And each has his own  7M individuality. Each one  believes he has a corner  on the best method of  "^ o-ettino- business. In this  respect Ave are no exception  to the rule. We believe we  have found the key to trade  getting. It is simple enough,  too.    Our method is to  get  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly  sat-  ���O u  isfactory service  and solicit vour  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Pro)).  a'S Rates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc. on application.  VA Dorada, Ave.  The  Newmarket  Hotel, in New Denver,   has been enlarged  and all the rooms plastered.        New carpets  and new furniture throughout irmke the house  a marvel  of comfort and elegance.        With  28 rooms, and its beautiful situation amidst the  finest scenery in  America,   this hotel is unsur  passed in all Kootenay.  II. STEGE, Prop-  ���*&  l^l^l^  r^J^JS^JtSS3ili^i^k>.':l!S3iXSSl!Xii3i!JlS}^ ,'T7^^v3EtoJB3a JB5>,g-SgAi*'n^^ ffiTV mUSRbABa  the best of  customers  we   make >j  low as it is  just what our  want; then  our prices as  possible   and  make money, and then���we  hustle. And, best of all, we  please our people, withS^  goods, prices and service  I beg to  Sandon, B. C, Oct 21, 1897.  To al) whom it may Concern-.  This is to certify  that as I am i <j  removing from Town, G. W. GRIM-  METT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, of  Sandon has purchased. my business,  thank  my  numerous  customers lor their patronage in the  past and I hereby respectfully re  quest that they  will give their pat  ronage     in     the     future    to   MR  GRIMMETT.  W. HALLER,  Watchmaker and Jeweler,  ^n^-^r  That's our  ino* business.  way of do-  Do you like it?  GOI.I)    I'LACKKS    AM)  -ODK.S.  "Where there are placers there  are lodes," is a statement often made  with the assurance of "where there  is smoke there is fire." We hear it  now frequently with  reference to the  new deposits of the Yukon. In this  case it is almost entirely a maiter of  surmise, because there has not been  yet any general exploration for lodes i  there, attention having been concentrated naturally upon the easily  worked placers,   and  prospecting in I  Our stock of Furniture,  Upholstered G-oods, Bedding,  etc., is fast drawing the attention of buyers Just now  we are  makino*  up  a lot of  How Senator Karris T.ovcd :i Poker Game,  The late Senator Harris  of Tennessee  is declared to have been the State's best  poker player.    lie  played  the game for  sport, not for money, usually  a limit of  25 cents, never more than 50.    "Senator  Harris," said  an  acquaintance, "looked  more like  a   Chinese  mandarin than a  Caucosian, and lie seemed  to  be proud ]  of it.    It was  probably his  wonderfully ���  immobile   face   that   made him  such a!  successful poker player. I liave watched ;  liim  by  tlie  hour  while  playing, and 11  never once saw   the  least change of ex-j  pression on his face.    When he was last;  elected to the Senate  in  January. 1S!>5, j  the opposition made a big demonstration I  to   frighten   him.      He   hurried    from j  Washington to  Nashville  and  assumed j  personal control of his forces. The papers iSpect tllCSG   Of OUT OWI1 mail  said so much about the light being made i  on him that  I   became  frightened, quit | ufacture.  mv business and went up to Nashville to |  help him out.    When   I arrived there! j WALKER BROS. & BAKER  hurried   to   his room  House and found him  108 Bishopsgate St.  [wiiliin]  The  British L0ND0N'ENG*  Suhsi-rii" r"   Columbia*  Review  Has often been electrified  by the wonderful bargains  offered from time to time by  people with something to sell,  but it remains for   Suhsi-ription. Js.'./iO jinrannum  (i    Brokers,    Mining;  Engineers, owners of  Mining-* claims, Mining  Engineers, Assay urs,  Journalists and others:���  extra wool mattresses for the  winter trade. Nice ones.  See them. You can see  and .judge for yourself  what kind of repairing  we can do when you in-  Advertiso in the   IS.   C. Keview,    Tlie  only   representative    IS.    C.   .Tournal    in  Kuro-pc.     A Good investment  in   the   Maxwell  playing poker.    I j  Furniture Dealers and  Repairers,  Undertakers anil JTCiiihalmers.  eJ'3"*\7��7'3l-3I'  KASLO CITY.  B.C  to exceed all such propositions. For the sum of $5.00  ���any kind of a five that will  be recognized in monetary  circles���we will send The  Ledge to anv address in  America for one year and a  box of 50 Trail Blazer Cigars.  Ponder over this, gentle and  refined reader, and send the  $5 before this magnificent  chance fades into the oblivion of past opportunities.. .  R.  T.  LOWERY.  \  T^UKXISIIED ROOMS  Tlie only Practkiil Watclimaker in llie. Kootenay District. Orders liy mail -eceive ]ii'oinp  attention.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  Mrs  By Day or Week.  A. J. Murphy. SIXTH STREET  cfiaaj i  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the country.  Goettsche & Magnuson, Props

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