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The Ledge Sep 9, 1897

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 Volume IV. No. 50.  NEW DENVER, B. C, SEPTEMBER 9, 1897.  Price, $2 00 Year  THE IRON HORSE  It May Run in Alaska Before  Many Months.  ONIONS FOR THE KLONDIKE  A Shipload to be Taken up Early in  the Spring���There's Millions  In it They Say.  A correspondent writing from Washington to the Minneapolis Journal says:  It is generally understood that among  the first bills introduced at the next  session of congress will be several to  charter railroads for Alaska. Two or  three "corporations have already been  formed with this object in view, and  some steps have been taken already to  secure the right from the Canadian government to extend the line into the  Northwest territory.  It will be an exceedingly difficult feat  of engineering to connect the waters of  the Pacific with the headwaters of the  Yukon by any ordinary method of railroad building, but a well-known engineer  of Albany  and of this city, R. M. Fryer,  has devised and patented what might be  called   a. cantileA'er    railroad   system,  which, apparently,  can  be constructed  for very little money,  very rapidly and  in any country where a foothold for a  "sheer pole" a few inches square can be  obtained.    Capitalists have taken hold  of this new  railroad system,  which was  originally intended for use in some of  the Central  American  republics.    It is  now more than likely  that the first railroad in Alaska will  be a radically new  departure in  railroad building.    It will  be an elevated  road,  propelled by electricity  and will afford  the noval' spectacle of  a  railroad :carrying its  freight  beneath its  tracks.   Besides cheapness  and rapidity  of construction,  the Fryer  system seems to afford great advantage  over a surface road in  that heavy snows  would never interfere with its operation.  A few days ago a letter was received  in this city addressed to Senator Wolcott  of Colorado, from one of his constituents  in Colorado Springs.    Wolcott is now in  Europe with his  monetary commission,  and the communication therefore fell to  his secretary.   It was an application for  the office of receiver of the land office at  Klondike.   The petitioner said he was  fully qualified for the office.   He detailed his services to the party, and said he  thought he was entitled to something  equally as good,  and tlie land office at  Klondike would be just about his size.  In the intervals of his duties he could go  out and dig a little gold.   His petition  was indorsed by a large number of the  leading   merchants   and politicians   of  Colorado   Springs.      Senator   Woleott's  secretary promptly answered the aspiring applicant in formal language to the  effect  that Klondike  is now in British  territory, but if the  time  should come  when it is annexed to tlie United States,  his application would then  receive the  distinguished consideration of the Senator.    One would think by this time that  most people  in  this country would be  aware that the Klondike is not American territory, but this will evidently be  news in some parts of Colorado.  "Those who go to the Klondike to dig  for gold will not be the only ones who  will come back with fortunes," said an  old army officer at the club recently,  "People" who go up there with a good  gitimate comercial scheme have got a  trader who will take them up there, and  would be the means of saving a good  many lives as well." '  ,     ������ ���  LATKST ROAD  TO  KLONDIKE.  The Great Canadian Development and  Mining Company, contemplates a gigantic enterprise���tne building of a wagon  road from Edmonton to the gold fields.  In this work the company has not only  the hearty co-operation, and support of  the Dominion government and the Canadian Pacific Railway, but it is backed  by ample capital to push the work to  completion. Capitalists of Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto, whose wealth is estimated at millions, are back of the  scheme, the capital is ready, the charter  secured and Mr. Powell has been appointed manager of the enterprise.  The survey party started from Edmonton about the 1st of September and will  work all winter building bridges, stables  and stores. None but men employed  will be allowed to go with the surveyors.  The plan is to build one road by the way  of Laird river, one of the main branches  of the McKenzie river, and another by  way of Peljy river, which is one of the  headwaters' of the Yukon.  Stables will be built so as to provide  passengers with relays of horses every  12 miles, thus enabling them to make  100 miles per day. On some portions of  the road it may be necessary to use  reindeer, and possibty dogs will be used  in some of the higher altitudes up north.  Stores will be provided at frequent intervals and will be well provisioned.  The company will give a man transportation and food for one year for $500.  The plan is to issue a certificate on the  coupon plan good at the stores for food,  which will be negotiable. The latter  feature it is thought will be especially  attractive, as the companies nowr contracting to take men into the diggings  will not make the agreement transferable. Under the new arrangement contemplated a traveller who wishes to turn  back need not lose his entire investment,  but may dispose of his food certificate to  the best advantage.  jag" school of boozereno to the amusement of the bystanders,when he stepped  onto the cover on the head of a barrel  of water standing at the edge of the  sidewalk. The cover slipped off and  Mr. Man slipped in. He was seated as  comfortably as can be imagined in the  cooling Avater fresh from the lake, his  chin resting upon his knees and his feet  hanging over the edge of the barrel.  It was impossible to get out until his  friends came to his assisiance. They  gently laid him on the Avalk and alloAV-  ed the water to trickle down, his ��� pant  legs. As soon as he was able to rise he  wanted to clean out the town because  the people persisted in laughing at him.  A    STRIKE   ON   GAYNOK   CREEK.  scattered concentrating ore was found on  the foot wall. The ledge which is 18  feet wide on the surface, is strong and  well-defined, and as the ore chute is  widening with every foot of depth great  results are expected. A doube shift will  be put on and a 50-foot crosscut started  immediately. The shaft is within 1,000  feet by an air line of the K. & S. track,  affording excellent shipping facilities.  Surveying is to be commenced shortly  and crowii grants applied for. All surface rights will be acquired as the claims  have some valuable timber. The Hillside is one of a group of four claims belonging to the "Hillside Silver Mining  Co. E. C. Ward and Frank Fortin, who  hold interests in the .Company, are in  charge of de\*elopment.  GOLD STANDARD  What it Means to Make All  Moneys Rest Upon It.  A NARROW, FALSE POLICY  Two tons of free gold rock from Gayrior  creek,imthe Lardeau country,shipped via  Trout Lake and Nakusp, was received at  the Kaslo sampler on Saturday. Assays  of picked specimens show values as high  as $11,440 to the ton. The rock is probably as rich as any received at the  sampler for some time, and shows free  gold easily visible to the naked eye. The  shipment Avill sample over $1,100 to the  ton. The owners are non-committal regarding the nature of their find but claim  that they will make further shipments  in the near future, The strike has occasioned much excitement among the  Lardeau and Trout Lake prospectors.  NAKUSP.  SILVERTON.  don't like tiie kdmoxtox borte.  Two   young   Englishmen   who   have  travelled for three years over the Yukon  district and have clone well are now in  Winnipeg and are  warning prospectors  against going via Edmonton.    One said :  "I don't believe a man would reach the  Yukon  diggings in  a year,   no,  not in  eighteen months, going via Edmonton  route.   About the last stage of the Edmonton trip would be down the Porcupine river.    At the end of the Porcupine  trip the traveller would then have to go  back up stream between three and four  hundred miles, with a six-mile current  against him all the way,  to reach the  gold   district.   Besides,   he   Avould   encounter almost impassable swamps and  rapids, and if he ever got through at all  would have the toughest kind of a time.  The Edmonton  route  will  be all  right  when they build a railroad over it," concluded thegentleman with a laugh, "but  I imagine it will be some time before  that is built., Meantime, I would advise  people who have any thoughts of it not  to risk the hazardous trip via Edmonton."  (Our Own Correspondent.)  A shooting gallery in a tent has made  its appearance "[next the Silverton News  Company.  Silvertonians will this winter in spite  of weather and hard times smoke the  Trail Blazer Cigar. '  The Fidelity start work this week wi-%  a force^of ten men and an early shipment  of sixty tons will be sent out.  criminal recklessness.  In the rush to the  Klondike there  is  legitimate comercial  sure thing   and  no risk.    I  have  been  thinking ever since this excitement began  whatan unparalleled chance it affords foi  shrewd men to make fortunes.   If I were  only a little younger I would go myself.  Did it ever occur  to  you that there is a  fortune to be made by some enterprising  man out of onions up  there in Alaska ?  Why, it's a sure thing,  and you will see  that somebody  will  think of  it.    Any  man who will take a vessel load of onions  up   the  Yukon  as  soon as  navigation  opens up  next spring* can come home  and retire.    Onions will be worth a nugget apiece up their next spring.    There  will be thousands of people hibernated  there   for   eight   or  nine   months this  winter Avith  nothing   to eat  but  "salt  horse"   and canned   goods,   without a  mouthful of fresh food during the whole  time, and by  next April most of them  will have a touch  of scurvy.    There is  nothing which  will  relieve this terrible  disease so quickly as onions.   I have frequently seen  it in  the army when we  have   been   compelled   to   make    long  marches  across  the western deserts, or  have been for long separated from our  base of supplies and  unable to get fresh  vegetables.    As soon as we reached civilization tlie  men  would  take  to  eating  onions, and  get immediate  relief  from  them.    They are the  first thing  sailors  always buy when they come  in  from  a  long Voyage.    A cargo  of onions landed  on the Yukon next spring will literally  be worth a  fortune  to  the enterprising  criminal reeklessness on the part of shipowners in the way of overloading and  scant accommodation; on the part of the  authorities in letting men. recklessly go  to their doom without adequate warning,  and on the part of the gold seekers themselves in crowding into the country  insufficiently provided with the necessaries of existence.  In another six months the world will  be in sorrow reading of disaster by sea  and starvation by land in the cold regions of the north, and friends and relatives of absent ones will be regretting  with anguished hearts that they allowed  those near and dear to depart on a hopeless voyage.      OFF    FOR   THE    KLONDIKE.  The Townsite Company are laying  sidewalks on Fourth street and Hume  avenue. The clearing up and grading of  Lake avenue is looked for daily.  We learn with regret that Horton Bros,  are giving up their business here. Their  stock will be taken over by Crawford &  McMillan, who have opened a branch  store in the Townsite Office.  The Hotel Selkirk was formerly opened last Friday. The house contains  every modern convenience, and the dining room and bar are fitted up with all  the necessaries and luxuries of the Slocan.  Last Saturday evening Constable Hamilton swooped down "like a wolf on the  fold" and seized the bank of a Black  Jack game in the Victoria Hotel. The  players and spectators scattered, but not  before many names were taken. Blue  papers will be out in the next deal.  The only mine affected by the decline  of silver in this vicinity will be the  Fisher Maiden. The rumour that the  Wakefield was to close down is denied  by those in charge. They will employ  in the neighborhood of thirty men all  Avinter and will be shipping all winter.  All the other mines are doing well and  work will be progressing on all with  the above exception continuously.  Mrs. H. L. Johnson has returned from  the east.  John Ployart has built a neat residence on Slocan avenue.  Tenders are out calling for the building of a Presbyterian church.  The old wharf is being repaired and  put in shape for the winter trade.  It is said that James Martin will be  the neAv landlord at the Nakusp House.  Mrs. F. W. Jordan's camping*party returned to toAvn Friday on tlie tug Fawn.  The steamer Nakusp was stuck in the  rapids near the mouth of the Kootenay  on Tuesday night.  The second deck of the fast steamer  Rossland is on and ��� the machinery is  being put in position.  W. A. Wilcox is in Spokane enjoying  the money he beat his creditors ovit of  while in business here.  It is Lord Over All Yet Servant to  Many���Billions of Wealth Based  Upon it Without Reason.  A new manager is handling the cleaver  in McCarty's butcher shop. Fraim has  returned to Revelstoke.  f: i .  ''��� Genelle & Co. are running their mill  full blast In three days last week thev  sawed 1-15,000 feet of lumber and now  have over one and a half millions of  feet piled in the yard. Forty-five men  are employed by"this firm.  Thomas Abriel, one of the oldest and  most enterprising citizens of Nakusp,  has a two story building on the corner of Slocan 'avenue and Broadwav  nearly completed. The Dominion (W-  ernment will occupy a portion of it with  the customs office." I  One of the favorite arguments of the  single gold standard advocates in excusing the coinage by all nations of a  silver money that is not Avorth one-half  the amount stamped on its face, is that  under a single standard all money in  circulation is based upon and backed  by gold, and therefore, while of itself  a silver dollar or a bank note may be  of very little value, the gold behind it  puts into it the value printed or stamped  on its face. This is probably the most  reasonable sounding explanation of the  question from a gold-bug standpoint.  But let us look deeper into the question  and find "what they  have to back their  argument.  ever known, and that the world cannot  long continue on so shakey a financial  basis, and that silver must"be replaced  in the position it held in the financial  make-up of all nations prior to thirty  years ago. It must be made a money  of final redemption, full legal tender for  all debts, public and private, coined at  the same ratio Avith gold that it is now  coined, and as freely as gold.  It is claimed by the opponents of silver that under free coinage the silver  mining industry Avould be stimulated  to stillfurther 'production, and that in  consequence the money of the Avorld  would be largely increased in volume.  Let it be conceded that this Avould be  the natural result of free coinage/what  would be the effect on the "business  interests of the world? The danger of  a people having too much money is not  so great as the danger of having too  little. As the money Avas increased in.  ATolume the business" of the Avorld would  revive; better conditions would prevail  in all lands. Instead of poverty,  squalor, vice, and starvation the poor  classes in all lands would have an opportunity of earning for themselver at  least some of the comforts of life.  STOLE   TRUNK   AND   CONTENTS.  CARIBOO    CREEK.  Work will commence.ton .the Mollie  next week.  Finch and McMillan are working the  Trio group at the head of Goat Canyon.  J. M. Ashton, of;Tacoma has six men  developing the Red Mountain on  McDonald creek.  An interest in the Silver Blaze has  been sold to a Glasgow company through  their agent,  J. G." Devlin.  The Mille Mack, Wolf, Independence,  War Eagle and the Maxwell group of  claims are to be crown granted.  WHITE WATER.  Eli Carpenter and Peter McNichol,  who left last week for Edmonton enroute  for the great unknown Klondike gold  fiends,will go up the Peace river as far as  possible this season, hunting and trap-  ing enroute, and will there make themselves comfortable for th e winter,starting  early in the spring for new fields in the  Klondike district. Mr. Carpenter is well  along in years, but, being accustomed to  the hardships of mountain life, expects  to weather the northern storms and  come out all right. His partner Mr. McNichol is a young man of great physique,  an experienced mountaineer and miner.  They are well provided with funds and  will find the gold fields if money, pluck  and endurance count for anything".  (Special Ledge Correspondent'.)  The new buildings at the Whitewater,  Avhich Avere occupied last week comprise  as complete a mine camp as any in the  Sloean, affording ample accomodation  for over 100 men.    Work is   now under  Avay on a new ore house at the No. (5  tunnel. More men are being taken on  at .the mine and the force will be  steadily added to, as it is the intention  to have 90 men at Avorkbefore the.winter  sets in. Although large shipments of  ore have already been made, practically  no ore other than that taken out in development has been shipped. When  the owners of the Whitewater decide to  go in for heavy shipments some astonishing returns may be expected.  AN INFLUENTIAL DEPUTATION.  R. S. Burton and McLean & Sons have  applied to the Government for half mile  placer lease near Goat Canyon. Five  other applications are in for ground  near Blue Grouse creek.  Clark and McGinnis are sacking ore  at the Chieftain group. Some ot the  assays from this group show 22,500 ozs.  in silver and SI5 in gold, while average  assays give 8,000 .'ozs. silver and ��35"in  gold.  The Silver Queen company might  have lost the most valuable part of its  property. Most of the work had been  done on an unstaked fraction, a fact  that was discovered Avhen the sur\rev  was made.  ROSEBERY.  According to the best obtainable statistic.-" the Avorld's total supply of gold  is but $-3,780,000,000.    The annual production of gold is   not more than one  hundred million.     Suppose this was all  coined into money; it   would   add-less,  than S cents per "capita to the world's  circulating   medium  provided none of  the stock on hand should be lost or destroyed.   But the loss   from abrasions  and from other sources Avould consume  every dollar of the output.     The total  production of gold since 1492 is $8,204.-  308,000, and the world's present stock of  gold is but $3,780,000,000,  which shows  a loss by abrasion and from other causes  of ��4,424,308,000 since 149*2. besides the  loss of the whole stock of gold on hand  at that time.   If the output of gold can  keep the present   stock good "it is all  that can reasonably be expected of it;  it is probably more than will be realized.  With a single gold  standard, then, we  cannot hope to add a dollar to the circulating medium  for all time to come,  and it will remain at about four billion  dollars.  Taking the single standard advocates  at their own argument, let us now find  the amount of subsidiary money, silver  and paper, based as they say upon gold.  TAv     \ /-1.-i1.-yK  Q-w.Mw..-.,.    flw. 0,.\���*. /���> ...".'. ���  Monday night the house of Ella-  Brown was entered and a trunk and  contents belonging to Jessie Cook, one  of the inmates, carried away. The*  robbery Avas  reported  to Officer Mc-  Leod and Tuesday morning he arrested  Hugh D. Davis and Chas. Howard, who  were found asleep in their tent on Carpenter creek not more than 100 yards  from the house. On their persons he  found articles taken from the trunk  and ori the path close to the tent a piece  of jewelry.- In the bush close by the  trunk and remainder of the stolen articles were found. The value of the  recovered;property.. is placed at $250.  The men arrested are strangers in this  vicinity and have the appearance of  hard working men. They were  given a preliminary hearing before  Magistrate Rashdall 'Wednesday morning and taken to Kamloops in the afternoon for safe-keeping.  A   WOMAN*  JOURNALIST  KNAY.  IN   KOOT-  J. T.   Nault has  under wav.  .his new house  well  be  mereas-  IN   IT   WITH   BOTH   FEET.  A beautiful jag Avas brought to a sudden termination one day this week and  the jagged individual was as mad as a  wet hen. A workman from the New  Denver roadbuilders was spending his  money for booze with a number of  friends, who had prospected the whole,  day for a load. He was in the act of  waltzing around one of the verandah  poles in front of the St. James, and had  performed several capers taught in the  W. Templeton, Mayor of Vancouver,  G. R. Maxwell, M. P., C. N. Davidson,  D. Menzies and D. G. Macdowall, all of  Araneouver. promoters of the Victoria,  Vancouver & Eastern, arrived in Kaslo  by the K. & S. Saturday evening and  left per steamer Kokanee on Sunday  morning for Nelson. The party is here  as a deputation from the coast to look up  the possibilities and probabilities regarding the proposed Victoria, Vancouver  & Eastern railroad. From Nelson they  will go to Trail and from there to Pentic-  ton, over the proposed railway route on  horseback, taking careful observations  of the country while on the wav.  The railroad   wharf is to  ed in length and capacity.  Captain Seaman and Engineer Christie  are the owners of some choice lots here  and will erect residences at this port.  The Sampling Company has not yet  commenced building their works, although the machinery is now at Arrowhead and Revelstoke."  J. Bulger arrived yesterday to superintend the building of a transfer barge  and tug for the Slocan lake trade. The  barge will be 160 feet long and will carry  eight loaded cars.  AINSWORTH.  STRIKE    ON    THE    HILLSIDE  A rich strike was made on the Hillside  claim at Aliitewater  on  Thursday last.  In the incline  shaft  being  sunk on the j  vein, at a depth of ten feet, six inches of j  clean ore and carbonates and two feet of I  [From Our Regular Correspondent.]  A lodge of the Independent Order of  Foresters was organized in Ainsworth  on Tuesday.  The Provincial Government has made  a liberal grant for a new school house.  Five lots liave been purchased and grading of tlie site is now underwav. 'The  building will cost about .$ 1,000.  A well organized movement is on foot  to establish a hospital here. The Ainsworth Miners' Union have granted some  $800 or $-100, which has "been in the  hands of the treasurer of the urganiza-  for some time, to the worthy project. |  Dr. Fleming will have charge.  Dr. Adolph Soetbeer, tlie great German  statistician, an acknowledged authority  on the question, gives the"'total production of silver and gold since the discovery of America as follows: Gold, $8,204,-  303,000;    silver,   ��9,726,072,000.     From  these figures it will be seen that silver  is better able to back up the gold than  gold the silver,  since the value of the  white metal production is more than a  billion dollars greater than  that of the  yelloAv.     But avc will not take the total  production  of   the  metals   as a basis.  Let us look at  the approximate stocks  of money in the principal  countries of  the world, taking our figures from the  Treasury Department Bureau   of the  Mint, Aug. ltt, 1893.    The stock of gold  of twenty-six countries is$3,5S2,f'05".000,  against a stock of silver of 84.042,700J00O.  Again we find a. difference of one billion  in favor of silver.     How, then, can the-  greater metal be based upon the lesser?  These figures show the absurdity of  the contention.   Or, if a conceded fact  among financiers, then the weakness of  alienations' financial policy.    But. to g*o  into the question  deeper:     With gold  the only  legal  standard money  of redemption  all   paper   money   must   be,  backed by it, and there is in circulation  in   these  countries,   paper  to   the. fiat  value of S2,785.873,0bu.    Then, again, if  gold is to be the only  standard money  of the world, the only money of redemption, then  the   national   debts   of the  world, if ever liquidated, must be paid  in gold.     According   to  the  figures of  Mr. Porter in the.  11th  Census Report,  the national debts of the world amount  to S27,390,055,389.     And,  if the world's  national debts must  be paid in  gold,  then so must the  corporate, municipal,  and individual debts,   which, according  to our best authorities, are estimated  at throe times as much more, making a  grand total of more than 8100,1100.000,000  What  now,  have we based unon the  stock of gold  valued at $3,780,000,000 ?  Here it is: Silver, if UH2.7oo.oo0: paper.  $2,035,873,000:     indebtedness    of    the  world, national,   corporate,   municipal  and individual, $Ioo.hoo,ooo,000.  These astounding facts are not to he  overlooked when considering the financial question. We hear men talking  about an "honest" dollar, limited legal  tender silver, and the "sound" financial  policy of civilization, when it can oasilv  be seen that they know nothing about  the (Oiestion.     It   will   re.a('"  Miss   Fraser,   a    journalist  and authoress   of   some ability,  was in Kaslo  on Saturday night.    Miss Fraser writes  for the Westminster Gazette, but is at  present preparing a work on the "Agricultural Resources of British Columbia,"  to be gotten up for the benefit of agriculturalists of Great Britain.   To a representative   of   Tin-; Ledge   Miss   Fraser  stated that she   had spent   some two  months on the Lower Fraser, ChiliAvack  valley and the Okanagan country, and  was now on her way to Fort Steele", after  visiting which district she would depart  via the C.P.R. for England.   Miss Fraser, under  the nom-de-plume  of Frances  McNab. has already prepared some very  valuable literature on  the same subject  regarding South Africa,  the Transvaal  and   Bechuanaland,   where   she   spent  eight months of last year.  COPPER NEAR BANFF.  Bill Houston, of Kaslo, came into the  Northwest Territories from the Black  Hills in 1882. in 1884 he discovered on  the east slope of the Rockies, about 25  miles north of Banff a ledge carrying  copper and other minerals. He did not  stake a claim or do anything with it until about a month ago, when,"' in companv.  with John McAndrews he staked 10  claims.  The claims are 000 x 1500 feet and are  recorded at Calgary. Assays have been  obtained showing 48 per cent copper,  $10 in gold and 40 ounces silver. The  formation in that section is princiaplly  limestone and resembles the rock of  Arizona and New Mexico where the  big copper mines are located'in those  states.  CARIBOO    OKEEK.   WAGON  ItOAI).  Tlie wagon road along Cariboo creek  is within half a mile of Mineral City,  and the bridge at the second crossing of  Cariboo creek is under way. The last  of the $4,500 Government grant was paid  last Friday by F. G. Fauquier, and the  work now being done will be paid by  private subscription. A sleigh road will  be constructed from the end of the present road to Grouse creek. W. A.  Swann is superintendent of the work.  TRIFLED   WITH   A    GUN.  A black bear would persist in prowling  around the I Surprise cabins, on Four  Mile, up to a few days ago. A loaded  gun was placed in a ;hollow log not far  from the cabin, and when bruin crowded into the log in search of something to  eat, he pulled the trigger and death  came to him in a rapid and efficient,  manner.  question. ii win readily De seen  from the 'igures given above that the j  present gold standard policy of most j  nations is  tin;   weakest the* world has  A   trip  to   the   Klond  with 120 beautiful lime  1)C  given   in   Pvthian   1  thc'"Methodist" Church  ike   ami   Alaska  light  views will  hill   shortly   for  building   fund.  'roi. D. M. Ciwvlev will otliciate. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 9,. 1897.  Fourth Year.*  WHEN    BRYAN    CAME    TO    BUTTE.  I have reail of Roman triumjilis in the days when  Romt-jihiycdball;  "When she met all other nations, taking out of  each a. fall ;  When victorious Roina.ii generals marched their  Icfrioiis home in state.  AA'ith the nlunder of the conquered���and the conquered jiaid the freight.  Gorgeous  were  those   vast processions   rolling  through the streets of Rome;  Mad with joy went all the Romans welcoming  the veterans home.  Gold there was for fifty Klondikes, swiped from  temples of the gods:  Marhle statutes by the cartload, gems enough to  stone the dogs.  Following chariot ears were captives, damsels by  the hundred score.  Ballet dancers from far harems, savage men and  beasts galore.  ���Millions  cheered  and yelled   and thundered;  shook the earth as by a storm;  All Rome howled���and yet Rome's howling after  all was not so warm;  For these, monster Roman triumphs, at which not  a stone was mute,  Couldn't hold a Roman candle���  AVhen Bryan came to Butte.  I have read of the uprising of the men of la belle  France  When Napoleon came from Elba, eager for another chance.  Marble hearts and frozen shoulders turned the  generals to their chief.  But the people hailed their master with a rapture  past belief.  What though France lay stunned and bleeding,  she arose and got too"gay ;  What if he had cost her fortunes, still the devil  was to pay.  Though he'd killed a million soldiers and came  back to kill some more.  The survivors stood there ready to give up their  inmost gore;  And they wept and snug and shouted, whooped  and roared in sheer delight,  On their knees they begged," implored him to pull  off another tight-  Sure tlie champion was in training, and in training couldn't loose;  Thus they danced around and acted as if jagged  with wildest booze.  But the passion that they cherished for this fiery  French galoot  AVas as zero'to that witnessed  AVhen Bryan came to Butte.  and her diamond  it was some-  old  I have read of Queen Victoria  jubilee.  London rose and did the handsome  thing up in G.  Long  and  glittering the procession���heat  Baruum's best to death :  AVheri the queen is on exhibit, even cyclones hold  their breath.  Troops of white and black and yellow���regiments  from East and West-  All the glory of Great Britain���pomp until you  couldn't rest.  ���Russia also cut a figure when she crowned her  present czar.  In the line of fancy blowout Russian stock is up  to par.  There were balls and fetes and fireworks, hands  played on and cannon roared;  Monarchy was at the bit, and all their royal  giblets scored.  ���Add the Moscow show to London's, take the  paralyzing pair-  Put the queen and czar together, yoke the lion  and the bear-  Swell these pageantries of Europe till you get a  dream to suit���  But it's pretty small potatoes���  When Bryan came to Butte.  Bryan has himself had triumphs, some ovations  off and on���  Just a little bit the biggest that the sun e'er shone  upon.  You remember the convention in Chicago, do you  not?  AVhen the party went to' Bryan and the goldbugs  went to pot.  You remember the excitement when he rose and  caught the crowd.  When   for   fully   twenty   minutes   everybody  screamed aloud.  Oh, the mighty roar of thousands as he smote the  . cross of gold,  As  he  gripped  thc   British lion   in  a   giant's  strangle hold!  Oil, thc fury of tlie frenzy as he crushed the crown  of thorns.  As he grasped the situation, as he held it by the  horns!  Some there were "who leaped the benches, some  who stood upon their head,  Some who tried to kick the ceiling, more who  tried to wake the dead.  'Twas a record-breaking rouser. down to fame it  shoots the chute���  But it wasn't quite a fly-speck���  When Bryan came to Butte.  Ah, when Bryan came to Butte ! greatest mining  camp on earth;  Where the jieople dig and delve, and demand their  money's worth.  Though the Wall street powers despise them and  abuse them like a dog,  Bryan is their friend and savior and they love  him as a god.  Did they meet him when he came there ?   Did  they make a little noise ?  Were they really glad to see him ?   Do you think  it pleased the boys ?  'Twas tlie screaming of the eagle as he never  screamed before,  Twas thd crashing of tho thunder, mingling with  Niagara's roar.  All the whistles were a-scroeching, with the bands  they set the pace-  But the yelling of the people never let them get a  place  Dancing up and down  and sideways spliting  lungs and throats and ears  All were yelling, and at yelling seemed wound up  a thousand years  * .;������*���* y. *- * *��� *  Of the earth's great celebrations 'twas the champion heavyweight,  'Tis the champion of champions for all time I  calculate  For it knocked out all its rivals, and still standing,  resolute,  Punched creation's solar plexus���  ��AA*-|ien Bryan came to Butte.  C. H- A. in Anaconda (Mont.) Standard.  output, it being" generally said that the  sum of $25,000,000 was taken out of li  miles. Mr. On* says it -was twice that  amount. In any" case it Avas such a  creek as was never before struck, and  so far as the Klondike is not in the race  for record output. Other creeks in the  neighborhood, Mr. Orr ;says, will yet  prove as rich perhaps a"s Williams  creek was. Lightning creek, Swift  river, Slough creek, Willow river, and  dozens of other creeks Avhich have  never been bottomed, will yet give up  their hoard of g-old.  Of Oinineca, Mr. Orr, who spent two  years there, says it Avas barely scratched, and the whole of the Cassiar country is yet comparatively virigin ground.  Tlie enormous cost of" provisions, difficulty of access and cost of labor all  combined to make the gold hunters  drop any work that would not quickly  and enormously repay. Today there is  no better gold country to prospect than  from Cariboo through to Klondike. From  Ashcroft .though it is only a little over  1,000 miles, of Avhich the first 220 miles  is by a first-class wagon road, the next  460'by trail, and the balance by a  splendid water course down Teslin lake  and the Hootalinqua river. But within  one year the excitement will Arery likely  he centred in the Cassiar range of  mountains, from which water sheds the  sources of othe Yukon largely spring.  For prospectors who wish to go in  cheap Ave say, start from Ashcroft in  April, leaA'e' Quesnelle in early May  and you can spend the season most profitably in prospecting through to Tele-  grapl'i crecK. if you should Avish you  can then sell your pack animals, for  Avhich there is ahvays a demand at that  point, and build a boat, and in a Week  from that time you leave Lake Teslin  you can be at that uoav most talkcd-df  spot on earth,Klondike.���Ashcroft Mining Journal.  CITY   OF   DERRICKS.  Oil   Discovery  Ruined a Suburb   of  JOos  Angeles.  GREAT    BRITAIN   AND    THE    U.S.  The truth is beginning to penetrate  the unAvilling mind in Great Britain,  It has has been hard to get Englishmen  to see that the "tie of kinship" Avith  the United States does not regulate the  Government   in that country.    There  are many, perhaps several millions, of  sensible, friendly people in the States  who respect England as a country, avIio  look upon Avar'as a hideous blunder and  avIio are anxious to do Avhat any self-  respecting  man may do   to cultiArate  friendly relations Avith a foreign state.  This element has little or no influence  upon the public administration.    Then  there are millions Avho are quite indifferent and do not eAren employ the Eng*-  lish language foi" ordinary intercourse.  These people also bear no relation to  the foreign policy as it effects England.  In fact .you can go over the various  classes of citizens in the.Republic and  find that those elements Avhich, in a  Avarm    controversy,   could   compel   a  friendly policy tOAvards Great Britain  are disorganized, ineffective and practically impotent.   This fact is perfectly  Avell knoAvn on this continent; Englishmen Avho are governed by preconceiA'ed  notions, or are influenced by pleasant  social experiences, hesitate to accepb it.  They often  ask:   Iioav are hostilities  staAr'ed off if the maintenance of international friendliness is so frail a structure ?   Mainly by the immense financial  and commercial interests at stake, and  also because the  United Statesians are  a practical people and do not believe  in any Avar unless it Avill bring solid  advantages and is pretty certain of success.   The situation is iioav understood  by the Imperial authorities; the people,  we infer from numerous letters in the  English press and editorial articles.  ANGtOMANlACAiL   ENTERPRISE.  The discoA7ery of petroleum Avithin the  city limits of Los Angeles, California,  has so transformed one of the suburbs  of that city that as a remarkable spectacle there is nothing to compare with  it in any city in the Avorld. The fact  that the oil underlay a thickly-settled  territory, Avhere most of the land Avas  diAdded into 50-foot lots, naturally made  each landholder anxious to secure the  oil before it should be draAvn up by his  next-door neighbor. The consequence  Avas that Avells Avere driven Avith all  possible speed, and a picturesque residential district Avas very quickly coa*-  ered by huge, unsightly derricks and  tanks. Every consideration gave Avay  to that of securing the valuable oil,  and, as a consequence, the pretty cottages Avith their surrounding laAvns and  shrubbery Avere soon incongruously intermingled Avith all the unsightly 'paraphernalia of hundreds' of modern  driveAvells. In his hurry to secure the  oil the OAvner of a little 50 by 150 lot in  some cases erected as many as five  derricks Avithin that area. Naturally  this haste to get rich 'defeated its purpose, and after a year or tAvo the Avells  beg'an to decrease in yield. Some of  them, it is true, began to yield again  later to a limited extent, Avhile other  Avells have been abandoned altogether.  Of course the Avork of recoA*-ering the  oil might have been done more economically if the property OAViiers of half a  dozen lots had combined to sink one  Avell between them, instead of sinking  tAvo or three wells to each lot, as they  have actually done. In some cases,  after the first exhaustion, the Avells  Avere sunk to a greater depth, with  the result that a further Hoav Avas encountered. .  Petroleum has been produced in California for many years, and the oil fields  seem to extend throughout the whole  length of the State, as indicated by the  frequent oil croppings. It is only in  the southern counties, hoAvever, that  there bas been any deArelopment of the  industry, and this has been confined  mainly to the counties of Ventura,Santa  Barbara and Los Angeles. The discovery of oil in Los Angeles has naturally "created quite a boom in the  industry, and prospectors are busy in  other sections of the State.  The early Mexican residents of Los-  Angeles Avere aAvare of the fact that  there was petroleum in the formation  underlying the city, and they used the  asphaltum residue of the oil Avhich they  gathered at the outcropping for roofing  their adobe houses. In those early days  the commercial value of the oil Avas uii-  knoAvn, and the Mexicans made no  attempt to utilize it. The first boring  for oil Avas made about four years ago  at a point about one mile Avest of the  business center of the citAr. and since  then, says the Scientific American, over  500 Avells have been sunk Avithin the  city limits and Avithin an area Avhich  extends 0Arer a mile east and Avest and  about 600 feet north and south. During  the past nine months new Avells have  also been sunk -with a fair measure of  success about half a mile beyond the  eastern limit of the producing- field  aboAre mentioned.  The Los Angeles oil differs from that  of Pennsylvania in that it has an  asphaltum instead of a kerosene base,  and is not suitable for illumination. It  is thick and black in color, Avith a Ioav  specific gravity, and it is said to be  tlie best fuel oil that has ever been disco Arered. It is used for the manufacture  of lubricants, paints, printing ink and  various other commercial products.  The cost of sinking a Avell Varies considerably, but ��1,200 to ��1,500 may be  taken as the approximate cost for a  Avell 800 feet deep.  As Avas to be expected in a new industry such as this, there has been  considerable fluctuation in the price of  the oil in Los Ang-eles. It Avas first sold  for about $2 per barrel of 42 gallons.  The price began to fall rapidly, until it  reached as Ioav a figure as 85 cents per  barrel. A Co-operative Oil Exchange  Avas then formed, and this, together  Avith the increasing use of the oil in  factories and by some of, the railroads,  brought the price up to SI a barrel,  delivered at the Avell, 'At this figure it  remained until the spring of this year,  when the increased demand caused the  price to rise to 81.50 at the Avell, at  Avhich figure it iioav stands. At this  rate it is:considered to be a cheap fuel  in comparison Avith coal. A ton of soft  coal is reckoned to be equal as fuel to  three barrels and a. half of oil, Avhich  Avould make the equivalent cost of coal  in Los Angeles about S5.50 per ton, at  the factory. At this price it is considered that Los Angeles manufacturers  should be able to compete Avith those in  the east. The daily yield of oil is from  four barrels a day in' the older Avells to  40 barrels a day in those Avhich haAre  been recently" bored at the Avestern  edge of the field. At the present price,  this represents a total output A'alued at  ��1,250,000 per year.  It Avas natural that the deArelopineiit  of these fields Avithin the city limits  should meet Avith considerable opposition from citizens avIio object to see the  suburban section of Los Ang*eles rendered hideous by such a forest of grimy  derricks, and tlie opposition has been  particularly strong since Avells have  been driA^en in the  handsome residence  Westlake Park.  The City Council has \rery Avisely  passed an ordinance forbidding" the boring of Avells Avithin 1,600 feet of this  park, and it is likely that the disfigurement of the city Avill he confined to the  strip of land to Avhich reference is made.  A terrible fatality occurred in Toronto on the 22nd inst'.,'by .which four little  children Avere droAvncd Avhile playing  on a raft.  direction   of   the  section surround-  But  house  to  as  ask  an  England-  CAKIBOO    AND   KLONDIKE.  Tlie Two Gold Fields Compared in Favor  of tlie Former.  The personal experience of Mr. Jas.  Orr, one of Cariboo's old-timers is Avell  worthing hearing. Landing- at Williams creek in 1862,; when the Ifamous  creek Avas in its glory as a producer  Mr. Orr became one of the OAvners in  the Caledonia and Avas bookkeeper for  that company. In 15 months they took  out oa-ot half a million'dollars. This  was in 1893. Out of theCaledoniaAvhich  war 6.7 feet to bedrock, the best paying  dirt Avas about tAvo feet on bedrock and  the run was often 150 feet wide.  The Never Sweat Avas adjoining and  washed up every day from 60 to 200  ounces; Beauregard as high as 800  ounces a dav; New York from 150 to  200 ounces ;' Moffat's, over S30O.000 Avas  taken out of 100 feet square. Avhich was  thk size of the Cariboo claims. The  McLean claim was next, but not so  rich. The Tinker, with 800 feet of  ground, paid in dividends OA*er 8700.000.  The Wattv, a small'claim next, paid  $80,000.  The Cameron claims cleaned up over  $1,000,000; the Rabby, ��900,000; Dead  Broke, ��70,000. Below Averesome short  but rich claims. Prince of Wales paid  for an 8th interest half a million. Abo\re  the Caledonia, the Lillooet and Cariboo  Avas Very rich. The Aurara, with its  fourteen interests, paid in dividends,  after all expenses Avere paid, about  ��39,000 per interest On the Diller. tAvo  men working on tlie windlass, and two  underground took out in ten hours lu2  pounds of gold.  In all over ��800.00o was pftid in dividends to the three interests in this claim.  Above Black Jack. Avhich was rich, the ;  the Wind-up was a rich fraction. From j  Canyon to Prince of Wales, on up to j  the saw mill, the Ericson. Nigger and !  others paid from ��25,000 to ��50,UOO to the '  interest.  Dozens of other claims along old Williams creek paid enormously and the  creek never received, says Mr. Orr.  credit  for  nearly  all   of its  enormous  saj'! Avho is this Cope   White-  iioav trying* to pull the leg of  NeAvport, R. I.  for $80,000 to establish  there a "Victoria Park in commemoration of her Britannic Majesty's Diamond  Jubilee?"   I'm curious to Ioioav what  kind of critter has got the supernal gall  Americans  to give up 880,000  eAddence Jof   their    loA-e   for  Avho Avould establish an English park in an American seaport Ayhose  sailors Johnny Bull impressed and maltreated  until" the  most   peaceable of  presidents dreAV the sword in their defense.   Imagine England establishing*  an AndreAv Jackson park as evidence  of her almighty love for America !   It  is said that "tlie smart NeAv York set"  Avhich summers at NeAvport is interested in this Anglomanical enterprise, and  propose that  the "park   shall   contain  "a bungaloAV or summer-house for the  British ambassador."   That A\>-as to have  been expected, for NeAv York's "smart  set" is ever crawling- on its belly at the  feet of John Bull.   It was Tory during  the     revolution,    pro-British"   during  the Avar of 1812 and traitor at all times.  It delights in systematically insulting  Uncle Sam Avitli its obnoxious Anglo-  maniacal insolence.    Those who want a  Victoria park   Avith British   bungaloAV  had best establish it in England.  There  is  still considerable patriotism  in this  country, and it might be set on fire by  such an insult and blow bungalow and  ambassador off the earth.    The American   soverigns   of   Newport  ought   to  stand Cope Whitehou.se on his head and,  with a red-hot  iron,  brand   "J. B."  on  his buttocks.���Brann's Iconoclast.  (iOI-I)    DIGGERS    BATTALION.  The Jeb-  reom  of  The Ledge  Since it is possible to enlist men at  Ioav Avages to fight for their country, it  ought not to be impossible to enlist men  at good Avages to dig up gold for their  country.  A battalion of Yukon gold diggers  ought to be organized and sent up to  work the alternate claims which the  Government proposes to reserA'e.  There might be difficulties in the Avay,  and all of tlie gold secured might not  reachl the national treasury, but if the  Yukon is as rich as they say it is, the  Government ought to pay off a good  part of the national debt Avith the proceeds of its actiA'ity in the gold fields.  Then look at the advertisement which  Canada would secure through such a  radical departure from conA'entiona  methods. Half the Avealth of the country could be exploited for the benefit of  individuals and the other half for the  profit of the country as a Avhole. Thus  the Yukon will become the trial ground  for a peaceful conflict betAveen individual and collective effort.  Is the finest west of the Red River   The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  west of Lake Superior.   ... There are offices.that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train     If you are in the Slocan  metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or alloAv the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to bloAV your plug hat out ol the  rear tunnel. Come in folks Avhen you have any job printing to  do, or cash that is too heaA'-A* to carry, and Ave Avill give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.    Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  And you  will feel as though  you were having  a Holiday in  Paradise. \��mm$t&^  The smoke  from the ^TPO-A TT Tf  *a?��~>  BE  aMa^l^M'aw^vm^waHi^Hag^^^g  FES  -asBBBaoB-ssnra  !Mwwauw��l��MiiiiiiiiiuiuHmui��n;  Will be seen in  many mountain saloons  before the hills are  Thcmultitude will have cigars that will  burn when thev have the Trail Blazer.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a neAv house, witli neAv furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors. ,r.ra*^ir.T^tf;,.r*aJ��i����'*^f^i.*J.-iL'^^  *aaja: alr&iiui&ivi ~^.-^:,T.--T.-i-  ^i/jiUii^i^r--;  ^r.r^^^r.a';;  Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 9, 1897.  3  Canaan fJ^Ws  perform the  Foronto Vic-  Tuesday,  on  The price of bread is going up as the  price or Avheat advances.  A military expedition is being formed  in Toronto to go to the Klondike.  A silver-lead vein, seven feet Avide,  has been struck in Barrie township.  The price of Avheat is steadily rising  and the farmers are exceedingly joyful.*  The iron mines in the toAvnship of  Macloc are being re-opened and worked.  The Young Liberals of Toronto will  tender a banquet to Sir Wilfrid Laurier  on his coming visit to that city.  A special from Winnipeg reports that  the Avheat crop of 1897 is hoav almost an  assured success, both in yield and quality.  The Montreal exhibition was a failure  this year oAving to the fact of it not  being properly advertised liy the directors.'  The Canadian Government will make  a test this fall of an overland route via  Edmonton and Peace River to thc Klondike.  Lady Kirlcpatrick Avill  opening ceremony at the  torian   Era   Exposition  Aug. 31st.  The first shipment of apples from  Canada for 1897 left port on the steamship Costalia, bound for GlasgOAV, on  the27th'Aug.        ." ���  Burglarshave been doingsome active  work at BoAvmaiiville, Beeton and  Douglas, Ont., and have secured a fair  amount of plunder.  The first 100 miles of the Ci-oavs Nest  Pass Raihvay Avill probably be completed by Nov." 1st. Four thousand men  are engaged upon it.  A iBell   Telephone lineman,   named  John Radfield, tell 'out of a third-storey  Avindow of an hotel in Ingersoll and re  ceivcd some serious injuries.  The stamp mill at the Banhockburn  mine has been refitted with the latest  improvemont,and is iioav crushing from  fifteen to eighteen tons daily.  A three-year-old boy, son of H. Wine-  garden, Chatham, fell into six feet of  Avater in a BO-foot well, but Avas miraculously saved from droAvning.  Three men in attempting to cross the  river above the Falls at Niagara had  their boat upset and they Avere SAvept  over the cataract and disappeared.  A Woodstock lady invested S300 in  the Chicago Avheat market recently, and  tlie other day -received Avord that lidr  investment has yielded $11,000 in profits.  A rattlesnake bit the thirteen-year-  old daughter of Isaiah Williams, of the  Six Nations Reserve, near Brantford.  Little hope is entertained of her recovery.  The High Court of "Eastern Ontario,  Independent Order of Foresters, before  closing their meeting at Dcseronto decided'to hold their next meeting at  Pembroke.  A young Toronto man, named George  A. Chapman, Avliile bathing in Lake  Simcoe, Avas seized Avith cramps and  before assistance could reach  him Avas  drowned.  It is asserted that the Duke and  Duchess of York have accepted the invitation of Sir Wilfrid Laurier to visit  Canada next Spring, on their way to  Australia.  The Consumptive Sanitarium at Gra-  venhurst Avas formally opened by Sir  Wm. Meredith, in the presence of a  number of distinguished visitors from  Toronto and elsewhere.  The first gold ibrick from Mikado  mine, Rat Portage, Avill be shoAvn at  Toronto Exhibition; also a piece of ore,  200 lbs. in Aveight from the Foley mine  at Mine Centre.  SeAreral American speculators have  been visiting" Petrolia with a view to  leasing undeveloped territory for oil  operations. There is every indication of  a busy drilling season.  The apple crop of Niagara district is  a failure, but of peaches, they never  had a better crop. Of grapes the quantity Avill be considerably above average,  but pears Avill be beloAv the average.  The steamer Telegram from North  shore of Lake Superior reports immense gold finds in the vicinity of  Michipicoten RiA'cr. A Montreal syndicate is said to have paid ��100,000 for one  claim.  Geo. H. Hamilton, one of the oldest  and most prominent members of the  Montreal StOck Exchange, and also an  active member of the Royal St. Lawr-  ence Yack Club, died at Darval, Que.,  this Aveek.  About eighty of the members of the  British Science Association, which has  just closed its 67th Annual Meeting, at  take advantage   of the  the coast,  arranged for  Toronto, will  excursions to  their benefit.  There is considerable talk that Sir  Oliver MoAvat Avill release Valentine  Shortis, the double-dyed murderer of  Valleyfield. It is rumored that Lady  Aberdeen promised his mother that he  Avould be liberated.  The Canadian canal at Sault Ste.  Marie Avas blocked on Thursday for  about six hours and traffic Avas delayed.  A steamer and a schooner became  Avedgcd between the canal bank and the  pier'of the raihvay bridge.  Two bicyclists stole an unset diamond  Avorth S250 from under, the noses of tAvo  clerks in P. W. Ellis' Avholesale jewelry  store, Toronto. Thc diamond Avas found  a few hours later in a pawn-shop, but  the thieves have not yet been caught.  The reports from the Hastings Mining District' are very fa Adorable. The  officials of the Canadian Gold Fields  Co. (Limited) say they are satisfied with  the shipments of gold bricks and are  buying all the properties they can procure..  The time for Canada's Greatest Fair  is at hand, and it promises to far exceed all bygone fairs. Excursion trains  running from north, south, cast and  Avest and Avith the specially favorable  rates made by the railroads a greater  influx of visitors than ever before is  expected.  "COME    SEBEN!    COME   'LEBJSN !'  I Avas sitting out on the guards of the  Telegraph, one of those elegant packets  of the line which carries passengers and  freight between Pomeroy, the salt  center of the Ohio Valley, and Cincinnati, late one- night in July.  It Avas too Avarm in the stateroom and  so, Avith coat and vest off and slippers  on. I had gone out to sit on the g*uards  and catch thc breeze made by thc on-  Avard motion of the packet, and to enjoy  the soft moonlight and its weird effects  of light and shadow upon the water and  trees that fringed either bank.  It Avas after midnight, and the merry  party that had made the cabin floor  vibrate beneath their flying feet, had  deserted the dance and Avere tossing  about in their heated staterooms vainly  imagining that they were sleeping.  The Telegraph Avastaking on a great  pile of freight���pig iron. The negro  roustabouts', each with a great pad on  his shoulder, Avere coming and going  like a long line of, heavily-laden, ants,  chanting a strain all thc time, that  seemed to encourage theni to greater  effort.  The time, the Avords all seemed barbaric, and closing my eyes, I no longer  saw the packet rocking on the Avater,  Avith her great beauty of outline and  color, nor "the huge pile of pig iron, nor  the sleeping town at avIioso landing we  were lvmg.  A great sandy desert,  dazzling from  made by the Avheels of  making out of that senseless  sweetest music  I have evev  above the noise  the boat,  ditty the  heard.  1 asked the clerk, avIio had brought  his chair out there, if he could get tliem  to come foi'Avard Avhere I could see  them. He Avent aft and called them  and they came.  There Avere about ten of them, all  great powerful-looking" fellows but one.  lie had a banjo. He was a slender fel  Ioav, beloAv the medium height.of bright  yellOAV complexion and glittering" little  black eyes. Climbing up the capstan  he hugged his banjo to him as a monkey hugs a kitten and then struck up :  "Isc tnihclling hack to Dixie,  Xo more I'��e gwiue to Wander.  Rich and deep came the mighty roll  of base and high and clear the tenor.  It   seemed   that   the   very  Adbrated Avith the melody.'  moonlight  ���������'I went clown to Shiloh town,  Yali, my Lawd, gwine to meet y  .Bull-frogs kicking* houses down,  I'll meet you by and by."  the hot  light  sun, lav stretched  me.     'The   water  the tufted palms  the dusky negro roust-  ot! the  measureless   before  elms over there wen  of an oasis, and  libouts had been transformed by the  magic wand of the moonlight into Arab  camel-drivers who Avere chanting their  barbaric chant to their camels.  Bang, bang, bang! "Lively uoav !"  Chow ! CIioav ! Choo-o-o. We are leaving and my camel-drivers are untying  lines and falling over each other as they  rush onAvard to hoist the SAvinging stage,  and bring it around to the front of the  VjOAV.  The mate's "LiA'cly iioav !" has ceased,  Avhen suddenly aAvay back aft I hear  the plunking of a banjo. Phm, plunk,  plunkcty, plunk, plunk. Not the high  clear "plink" of the silver-rimmed  beauty, Avhich was the rage of society,  but the deeper "plunk" of a genuine  old-fashioned banjo, the pride and the  joy of a Avhole plantation of negroes.  Listen !   Someone is singing :  "Hambone it am sweet, and bacon meat am good  Possum meat am bury, bery fine.  Oh how I wish you'd get me, Oh how I wisli you  would, .  Dat water milyun hanging on de vine."  It Avas first chanted by the player  alone and then the chorus Avas taken  up by the Avhole crc-Av of roustabouts,  who had just come aboard from five  hours of the hardest labor, and yet, toil  all forgotten, their deep mellow bass  and their clear tenor  voices sang out  "That is the Avorst darky on the  globe," said the clerk. "He does nothing but pick that banjo and spread that,  mouth of his from ear to ear.'  "Where is he from?" I asked.  "From everywhere and going back,"  Avas the reply." "I'll bet a cold hundred  that he and that banjo have been from  Pittsburg to NeAv Orleans 50 times, and  he has ahvays got plenty of money.  He's a great crap-shooter, and Avith fill  that Avide grin he is a very devil. He  will use a razor or a knife quicker than  greased lig-htning."  "Does he work?"  "Who, Billy? No, siree. He says  that a gentleman never Avorks."  ���'How does he pay his way?"  "With that blamed old'banjo, and  shooting* craps. Those darkies drew  their pay today, and they won't have a  red left by the"time avc reach the levee  at the city. Billy will have every cent,  they -will ihaAre some nasty cut's, and  three or fotir weeks in a hospital or an  easy bed in mother earth. Just listen  to him sing. He knoAvs there is a harvest to gather."  '"Hoe the corn. Hoe de corn, Moses,  Hoe the corn, I'll meet you by and by."  "You notice Avhen he talks or sine's,  he does so like a regular Sambo, but  that little yellar devil has had a good  education. That flat talk is part of his  stock in trade," continued the clerk, as  Billy flung his banjo in the air, and  caught it, still keeping perfect time.  "Will they shoot craps tonight?" I  asked.  "Yes, keep still and I will g-et them  started," Avas the reply.  He called Billy up the steps and said  something to hiin. He Avent back doAvn  the steps,"and suddenly called out:  "Go away, banjer, dis nigger am tired  ob yo noise. Come seben, come leben.  I'se got vou niggahs right in dese old  close?'   "  It  was a challenge for a game.   A  great big brown fellow took up the challenge Avith:  "Come on, ole punkins, I'se yo  lemon."  Soon, with eager dark faces, the  croAvd Avere gathered about the two, as  Avith glittering- eyes all aflame Avith the  gambling fever, they alternately shook  m their hands the little black"-dotted  cubes of ivory.  The sat or knelt, a compact intense  group, every nerve alive with the fascination of the game. Their dark faces,  picturesque in tlie moonlight, someAvith  lips parted and wdiite teeth gleaming,  they looked like a band of pirates divid-  insftheir lot, their ill-gotten spoils.  The dark gambler was Avinning, and  he "showed it* in the trembling wa\r in  which he shook the cubes, in the flaming eyes alig*ht Avith greed for gain.  In the songs 1 had heard or seen the  jolly, careless side of the negro. I was  now seeing him in a dangerous and  darker mood. Billy appeared utterly  indifferent to his losses and was merrily  leading his opponent on. Suddenly  with a fierce oath he challenged the big*  felloAv for a greater stake. Carried  aAvay by his oavii eagerness,the brawny  Titan accepted and threw on the deck  a handful of bills and coins.  Billy's eyes gleamed as he heard the  noise of the coins.    It Avas his turn  to  throAV.  "Come -seben, come 'leben, urn ah 1"  The yelloAv hand gave a queer turn,  ivories. But Billy plucked them out of  his hand and grabbed the money from  the deck Avith a curse that was more  like a groAvl from betAveen his set Avhite  teeth.        "  "Look out, Sam; thatyelloAvniggah's  got a knife !"  It Avas too late. Quick as lightning  something gleamed with an angry flash  in the moonlight. The rouster had  Billy by the.throat.  A flash and the knife Avith a horrible  sound has cut its Avay through clothes,  flesh and bone to the heart. The black  hand still clutches the yelloAv throat.  Another flash, a. curved flash this time,  and the black hand has been almost  severed at the wrist." The strong fingers open slowly, as if in reluctance.  The little fellow Avith a quick spring  shoves from him the body that a moment before Avas a man filled Avith intense life. It falls upon the deck Avith  a thud. The roustabouts, Avith curses,  rush upon the murderer. Three times  blade flashes in the moonlight, a quick  upward spring, a splash, he has leaped  overboard.  Pop���pop���pop���pop. They empty  their revolvers at a black speck away  out there in the river, 203'ards off, leaA'-  ing a triang'ular trail as a muskrat  Avheii he sAvims.  "Well, Sam's done shot his last crap.  Dat Banjo Billy is a slick duck Avid a  fM���'^���������V������ft'���V������&/������V���*fc^������l^'^^  *The *  Windsor  Restaurant  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  of the  Silvery Slocan.  IN XEAV DENVER,  It was in operation when  upon the deck rolled the white cubes I knife.'   And with this funeral oration  The Hani  Avith   a   rattle.     They   righted  them  selves.    Every one 'leaned    forward  breathless -witri eagerness.  "Niggah, dat money is mine," shouted Billy.  "Sam, dem's not de same bones dat  you trowed," said one of the group,  snatching  at  the   same  time  at   the  the dead man passes out of their lives.  TomorroAv nig'ht, back aft, the same  rattling of the ivories Avill be heard;  the same "Come seben, come 'leben,"  Avhile eager eyes look on, in Avhose  depths slumbers, and lightly slumbers,  dark pitless murder.���Douglas Gregory  in Buffalo Express.  AA7as turned against the country, and, iioav thatjthe  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  .... A place where any  . . . . appetite can be satiated.  C0MEP3ARLY AND AA70ID THE"*RUSH.  Jacobson & Co.  ><%/%>^f%/%i%/*/v%/%w%/%^/%/%wv%.  ���%���-���#  SILVERTON, B. C.  Victoria Hotel  Is the leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the latest  and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  irovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liqu :rs  and Cigars. McOONNELL & PURCELL.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}', Prop.  EgggBaaaaag.���"w.y.^TK.'ur.Tfitf 'am mux  ssasma  OTEL SANDON,  vK     7ft     tK     7ft     ��^  Sandon, B.C.  The  Newmarket  ^����a*"  <&>  Hotel, in NeAv Denver, has been enlarged  and all the rooms plastered. New carpets  and neAv furniture throughout make the house  a marvel of comfort and elegance. With  28 rooms, and its beautiful situation amidst the  finest scenery in America, this hotel is unsurpassed in all Kootenay.  H. STEGE, Prop.  HpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to  accommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the-Slocan, while in* the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  Arlington Hotel  The  .In Slocan Gity  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  In New Denver,  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfac lories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory, spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  Gething & fiendepsoti,  -^    -%>    ***&-    ****&    ^-*^-'%--��*V',%'^'^'',%-    -V    "%���    "*&���    "���&���    ^  -%.    *%,    *���"&��� ���%.-��%-%.-%.''^'%.-*V-,%''%''%'',%--*%'***'**,V  #���  ���%.    -^,    --"V    -���*��������������.  -***SV     -^     '*%<  ���^   ������%< ���****���.   '������������v  j    *V    ������%���    "-V  l-f^     ���*%-    "tfc'    "^  *%���   "J****    "*&"  j-%.   *���&-   ^   ���*%���  -"-���"V    -***&    "*&-  j     ���*%.���*���*���     ���'%'  i**.     -%'    ���*%���    -V  ���  ���**"���"���*     ""ft-     "������'  I The assessment is $2 in dust,  I Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value,  If you are  going to the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you.       It  will cheer  you on the  journey   to   that   mecca   of gold  .seekers.  KASLO, B.C.  Hiss E. P. Case.  ham  Is a new house, newly furnished in the latest style; lias the benefits of all modern conveniences,  electric lighted, steam heated, bath rooms, etc. It lias large, airy rooms and affords the most comfortable  and commodious accommodations in the Kootenay. Go direct to The Langham when you arrive in Kaslo,  and get the best room in town at no greater expense. This house offers special inducements to large parties  or resident families.       Corner 5th and Avenue A. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBERS, 1897.  Fourth Yeae.  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier  ing- Mr. Corbin's charter in vIcav of  i there being several other applicants  | for charters to build over the same  I route, it was decided not to meddle  : in the matter, as  Trail Creek alone  SUBSCRIPTION RATES: V .   ^ ' j      m     -,     ^        i  Three months..... s .~-v! was   interested,   and    Trail   Creek  Twelve "      ''""' ���','' 7''''' l'f��\snoula be allowed  to settle it.    Thus  three years.7.7.""." .'...' s.oo j j\[r. Kellie did not oppose the exten-  Transient Advertising, 25 cent, per line first in j ^       f   {     Red Mountain charter.  sertiou, 10 cents per line subsequent   insertions |  nonpareil measurement. i    It was not until the permanency of  i Trail Creek eamp as.a mining centre  j had been certainly and surely de-  uve topics! monstrated that Mr. Corbin made any  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications   upon  always acceptable.   AVrite on both sides of the j effort to begin the construction of the  paper'If you wish. .Always send .something good   Red Mountain   road_     He   is   nofc  the  uo matter how crude.   Get your copy in while it  i,s hot, and we will do the rest  TEURSDAF,   SEPT. 9. 1897.  CORBIN    AND    HKIXZK.  It is very evident that with the  change of proprietorship there will, be  no change in' the policy of Corbin  laudation which was always a distinguishing feature of our contcmpor  ary the Rossland Miner. In an  editorial last week the Miner holds  up both Corbin and Heinze to the  admiration of its readers as disinterested benefactors of this, district by  building railroads into '���'what Avas  then anything but a promising field  for such ventures."  "Corbins venture Avas laughed at  by   other  raihvay   men," says  the  Miner,    *'but   he   persevered,   and,  after overcoming many untold difficulties, stands at the head of a sue.  cessful enterprise today." This sounds  very nice, and is no doubt true as far  as it goes,  but  neither  Corbin nor  Heinze are the kind of men to lay out  a dollar without first thoroughly assuring themselves that the said dollar  will return to them accompanied by  one   or   more of the same   species.  Evidently the Miner does not knoAv  very much of  the past   history   of  Southern Kootenay.  It does not know  that before Corbin built the Nelson &  Fort Sheppard Raihvay the discoveries of immense mineral Avealth on  Toad Mountain had been satisfactorily   substantiated;   that   prospectors  were coming into Nelson Avith samples  of exceedingly rich silver-lead ores  from  the  Slocan; that   the   tOAvn of  kind of man to take any chances in  such matters. Mr. Corbin has not  lost any money by coming to British  Columbia. On the contrary, by his  sagacity and foresight in getting in  on the ground floor he is today a prospective millionaire, and instead of the  people of West Kootenay taking off  their hats to D. C. Corbin as their  great and good benefactor, it Avould  be more in keeping for Mr. Corbin to  feel thankful to the B. C. Government  and the people of West Kootenay  that between them they have made  his fortune for him.  As for the Miner's laudation of Mr.  Heinze, it is a fallacy to suppose that  that gentleman came  here   for his  health.    He is an  astute American,  and it is absurd to assert that West  Kootenay is under any special obligations to any person or parties coming  here to amass wealth.    Mr.   Heinze  built- a smelter, but he thought there  was money in it or else he Avould not  have done so.   His bump of philanthropy is" not so large as to induce  him to put up a smelter or construct  a railway tor anybody's benefit but his  own.    If such was the case why does  Mr. Heinze charge a passenger rate  more than double that of the C.P.R.?  Trail is nearly twelve  miles  from  Rossland,   and the fare on the C.   &  W. is $1.00, or almost 9 cents a mile.  The C.P.R. charges only four cents a  mile.    Besides Mr. Heinze obtained  10,040 (ten thousand and fort}*) acres  of land for every  mile ot his little,  narrow gauge,    switchback   road ���  ward the end of next session, bring  in a Redistribution Bill, and as likely  as not will be beaten on it.   Its provisions will naturally be so framed as  to enable  them to sail as near the  wind on the gerrymander tack as  thej*;   dare,   for   that   is their only  chance of getting returned.  But even  their  most  slavish supporters   Avill  hardly care tq face the general elections unless they have made some  show of getting justice done in this  direction, and therefore some slight  hope that the bill will be less flagrantly unfair than might othereAvise  be   expected.     Till then   we must  solace our souls with  the "pleasures  of hope." '  It used to be "Go West, young man,  and groAv up with the country." It is  now, Go North, young man, and  freeze up with the country.  FISH WITH  WINGS.  SAME    OTA)    ITOOI.S.  . The world always did assay high  in fools, and judging from the Klondike craze it has not changed much  this year. Look at the hundreds of  young men avIio at home.think it a  Hardship to saw Avood for the old  folks, or sleep in a bed that does not  carry a wide strata of feathers, how  they rush to the gold diggings. They  do not seem to think that it is harder  to pack grub on their backs than it is  to cut wood at home. They also evidently do not remember that in the  frozen north feather beds, tea meetings, white shirts and other delicacies  are strictly in the minority.  But writing or talking against incompetent people following the scent  of gold will do very little good.  Nothing will keep them back except  death. Some of them will get gold  and many will get death or a broken  constitution. Death is very plentiful  in the north and will stick to tender-  feet when gold will not. The Klondike process we can recommend for  those in search of an honorable and  romantic Avay of committing suicide.  120,480 acres in all. This land includes some of the finest ranching  land in Southern Kootenay, and with  the growth of population will be  worth an immense sum of money in  the near future. Mr. Heinze, as well  as Mr. Corbin, may thank his stars  that he had a pull Avith the Provincial  Government, as there is every probability that he, too, will one day become a millionaire through the  munificent gift of the peoples' land. It  is ridiculous to eulogise either of those  gentlemen as coming here and building railways or smelters for the  benefit of the community. Messrs,  Corbin and Heinze came here to  benefit themselves and nobody else.  A western exchange says: "Of  all God's cattle the backcapper is the  most despicable. If he fails to get a  rake-off he endeavors to stop legitimate deals by slanderous insinuations." We have met this felloav in  the Slocan occasionally, but his tactics  were seldom of any account.  Nelson was having a first-class boom  in consequence; and that all this vast  mineral producing district Avould be  At the mercy of a railroad built into  Nelson from Northport, where Corbin's road then had its northern terminus.  There is no doubt that Corbin  had built from Spokane north to the  Columbia river for the   purpose   of  tapping the rich  mineral districts of  . British Columbia, but not with a vieAv  of benefitting British Columbia.    The  party  to be benefitted  was   D.  0.  Corbin.   Shipments of ore were being  made to the U. S. smelters by way of  the Columbia & Kootenay rivers, and  the steamboats were doing a good  business both ways long before  Mr.  Corbin decided to build the N. & F.  S. Ry.  It was certain that Mr. Corbin  kneAV he would have a good thing, if  not immediately,   in less than  two  years from the time of construction.  But, the certain prospect of a large  revenue accruing from freight and  passenger traffic next year or the  year after was not enough for Mr.  Corbin. Like Oliver Twist, he want-  ed more, and he got more. Men of  Mr. Corbin's characteristics always  manage to get into a good thing on  the ground floor, but not satisfied with  getting in on the ground floor, and  by getting a charter keeping others  out. he must needs be heavily bonus-  ed for doing so. Under a mistaken  idea that no Canadian companies  would undertake the Avork, the Provincial Government gave Mr. Corbin  large blocks of the peoples' land-  land that is today very valuable, and  Avhich within the next two years will j in seats out of a House of thirty-three  be worth more than all Mr. Corbin's! members was no less than eleven,  railways in B. C. cost in building. | To put it in another Avay thc major-  Tlie effect of Mr. Corbin's ownership j ^V obtained by the Government over  of this land lias been more worry and ; fch(- whole country was only 2.30 per  trouble to prospectors and claim own-1 cent, of the total votes cast, whereas  ers Avithin 1.6 miles of the raihvay tlie majority of voting power which  than all other hardships put together. : tliey secured in thc House was no less  Then as to the Red Mountain Rail- j than 33 per cent. To put it in an-  Avay, the Miner does not remember j other way - on appeal to the country  how Mr Corbin obtained a charter in j fcheY ��ot in P��infc 01" vofces a majority  THE   SOLID   TRUTH.  These Scaly Flier* Are Plentiful In Trople  Deep Waters.  The  flying fish io*es deep water aud  is  found   throughout  the  length   and  breadth of tropical seae.    He is fond of  feeding near the gulf weed of the Sargasso and deposits his stringy, glutinous  spawn  on its yellow branches.    Vessels  bound  from New York to the Caribbee  islands, upon reaching the "horse   latitudes," sometimes encounter vast qnan-  tites of drifting weed, strung out   into  long rihbcnlike patches about an eighth  of   a  mile  apart.   Among the golden  weed, with its delicate leaves and.globular  seeds, exists a  curious  family of  cuttlefish,   crabs,   mollusks  and  small  fishes.  Upon these the flying fish preys,  and they  in   turn  devour  its   spawn.  Every  plunge  of  the   steamer  as  she  plows through the blue   tropical waters  frightens dozens of flying fish into the  air, where they scatter in all directions,  with the sunlight glistening on  their  gauzy vrings.  The flying fish of the Atlantic attains  a length of nearly one foot and a breadth  betAveen wing tips of 11 inches. Ha  has.a round, compact body, about about  one inch in diameter'near the pectoral  fins or wings. There is also an auxiliary pair of ventral tins or wings, not  nearly so huge as the pectoral pair.  The Aviugs are formed by a thin, transparent -membrane stretched over a delicate bony framework and are either,  black, white or mottled with both.  The upper half of the entire fish is a  metallic blue in color, while the lower  portion is a nacreous white. Black,  prominent eyes; a small, prehensile  mouth; forked tail, dorsal and anal fins,  complete the picture of one of the most  interesting little fishes in all nature's  vast aquarium.  In flight he darts from the water to a  height of 20 feet and goes scudding  away before the wind, beating the air  rapidly with both wings and tail.' He  sails straight away for 1,000 feet or  even more, occasionally touching the  crest of a wave, and seeming to gain a  new impetus by the contact.���Forest  and Stream.  To the inhabitants  of New Denver  and all  Slocan Lake  Points:  Many liave received BENEFIT  from, ray Optical   Department,  Why not You?  You wlio have tried common  Spectacles iu vain, and suffered from eye strain, causing  Nervous Headache, Etc.  It will pay you to come to  SANDON and have your eyes  properly tested and fitted with  suitable glasses.  This is the only remedy when  your trouble arises from Defective Eyesight, and fthould  be attended to at once. I have  one of thc best trial cases made  and can give you the best service.  Eyes tested Free.  G. W. GBISIMBTT,  Jeweler and Optician, Sandon, B.C,  HOTEIiS OF HOOTEfiflV  THE NEWMARKET,  Ne w Den ver, H. Siege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Anerrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver. A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Cunning  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C, Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S. Reeder  AsSflVEr^SOF B. G.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  PROVINCIAL   POLITICS.  The Province says: The distribution of seats at the last general  election amongst a total of 23,386  voters was monstrously unfair, as is  proved by the fact that the Government supporters, twenty-two in number, were returned by 12,063 votes,  giving an average of 548 each, as  against eleven Opposition members;  who received 11,323 votes, or an  average of 1,029. The actual difference in votes therefore received by  the Government and the Opposition  was only 740, whereas the difference  It is a fact that silver has dropped  in price this summer, and that wheat  has advanced,   which is very pleasing to American farmers aud gold-  bugs.    The yellow bugs and some  others in the United States are exultant over the state of affairs, apparently forgetting in  their tirade against  the white metal that a short crop in  Europe,  a famine in India, and the  failure of the crops in South America  are the true reasons of the "advance  in wheat.    Many of the people in the  United States are praying to God to  save them from a system of government that depends for prosperity upon  the wars,   famines and pestilence ot  other lands.  Supplying: All Wants.  The Pedciler���I have the most excellent silver polish.  The Lady of the House���Don't need  it.   I haven't got any silver.  "Well, then, it will take grease spots  out of wall paper. "  "Haven't got any wall paper."  "Then   it  will  renew  the   curl  in  feathers."  "Haven't got any feathers."  "Well, then, it will make oil paintings lock like new."  "Haven't get any oil paintings."  "Well, then, a" little taken internally  will make ycu feel as if yon  had some  >f  these things.    Good day."���London  Answers.  Disappointment Qualified.  Lady���I was awfully sorry, professor,  I *s\ as unable to conn; to your lecture  last night.  Were there many there?  The Prcieshor (lri.sli)���Um���well���  not so many as I expected. But I never  thought there would be. ��� London  Punch.  Gold, Silver, or Lead,each   Gold, Silver and Lead, combined..'   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Conner (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead   Gold and Copi>er   Silver and Copper   Gold, Silver and Copper   Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese.   Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal) ".   Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th, 1895.  81.60  8 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  4 00  2 60  2 50  8 00  5 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  ���1 00  4 0  Silverton.  LEVI   SMITH,  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  ���    J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  ,   FRANK   DICK,  Slocan City.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  AMOS THOMPSON,  Manager.  R.  B. THOMPSON,  it  '" W. D.  MITCHELL  Secretary.  Notary Public.  ,    NEW, DENVER,  B.C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co,  of London, Eng.  Angleworms can he obtained anywhere by wetting the ground with a  solution of blue vitriol or with soapsuds, which will bring them out in surprising mini hers.  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst, C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.  Kaslo. B. C.  The new addition to the   QU. WOODWORTH, M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  F. W. GROVES,  CIVIE, and MINING ENGINEER,  Provincial "Land Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface and  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C  J-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. K S M, London, Ensc  ���MINING- ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for  in  tending purchasers.  Assay oflice and Chemical Laboratory. Belle-  vueave, New Denver, BC.  ANSWERS   TO   CORRESPONDENTS.  When will silver rise again ?  When the price comes up.  When are you going to Dawson  City?       <-  On the next Pullman car.  What is the heavest thing you have  seen in New Denver ?  The Dominion Express rate from  Nelson.  What is false economy ?  Stopping an ad. when times grow  granite-like.  Where is the United States ?  Adjoins Canada on the south.  so small as to be hardly worth talking about while in the House they got  a majority so large as to be scarcely  worth fighting against. It required  1,409 electors to return a single member to the Opposition from New West -  before the minster and only 1,220 to return six  members for the constituencies of  East and West Lillooet, Esquimalt  and Cariboo to the Government.  All this has been pointed out before,  we admit, but there   is every reason  why it should   be  pointed   out. again  and yet again until   such time as tlie  ie should oppose  the j people  have fully   realized   what a  an  extension,   and at I monstrous parody   has been palmed  1893 which gave him two years in  which to commence construction;  how for those two years he kept off  other parties who were anxious to  build, and only saved his charter by  turning over a few sods and shovelfuls of earth a few days  two years were up, and then had a  request before the House for an extension of his charter lor two years  more.  Mr.   Kellie,   M.P.P.  for the North  Riding, who was attending the session  at Victoria, wired  his  constituents to  ask   whether  application for  a public meeting  held in Revelstoke off upon them  in  the  sjuise of equit-1  to discuss tlu; matter,   while the feci-! able representation.  ing was  a'l'iierallv  hostile U> extend-!    Tlie Government will of course, to !  LINKS    IN   AN    ENDLESS    CHAIN.  The lives of each one of us are links in  an endless chain..   Whitter,  it was, who  describes life   as   "a cry   between the  silences."    That is a lonesome view of  it.    AVe   are. living   expressions of  the  dead who rest from  their  labors.    One  generation is  but  the custodian of that  left by the  preceding generation ; we of  today are the custodians  of  the future;  our lives will mould the lives of those to  follow.    An unborn generation is within  us.    For them our  cvery-day life is preparing a gloomy or a glorious morn.   We  are shaping the lives of those to  follow  hy our strength or by our weakness.   To  live means to turn the back on inaction.  A  slothful  life is  not a  real life.    AVe  must   be   eternally   doing.     Enemies ?  Yes.   Human nobodies have no enemies,  but he who  goes forth with  noble  purpose  is   bound  to   run  counter  ro the  legion demon of laziness and  stupidity;  gluttony and filth who cry out "leave us  alone; what have we to do with thee?"  LIFE   IN    THE    HIGHLANDS.  Miss Fraser, well-known as Frances  AfcNab, spent a few hours in New Denver this week. Miss Fraser is visiting  British Columbia for the purpose of  writing about its agricultural advantages  to the English farmer. She was delighted witli New Denver and says that tlie  scenery around it reminds her of the  Highlands of Scotland on a grander and  more extensive scale. Miss Fraser left  here, for Fort Steele, and will spend some  time in Fast Kootenav.  A medieal authority states that the  voices of singers and actors can be  much better preserved if used in theaters lighted by electricity rather than  gas. '       The best dancers are said to be the  Americans and Russians. French and  Italians, however, posture better.  w. S. Duewry  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  When in   Vancouver stop at the  Manor House.  i  T LFE   INSURANCE.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Ont  offers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profltable.investment.  The Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets S3,..10-1,908.  Full information by application to  W. D. MITCHELL, Agent,    New Denver, B.C,  D  R. A. S. MARSHALL.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  x No. 71,  <**W*.    IT.    2>&.  Meets every Saturday night.  C.   MctflCHOLLS,    President  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall he pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  in mv line.  F.  Gr. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  J��. E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City,        -      -      :      ...       BC  A.  DRISCOLL, C. E.  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Slocan City.  t  eko  oetr  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith,  G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S, Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,   Assistant Inspector.  James Aird,  Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  ver  A general banking- business transacted  AVhen life becomes like a heavy pack  on the Klondike road there is no panacea  like a Trail 'Blazer cigar,   lit un one end.  *  A.^-%.-^.*^. -*^-^-*^-*^-%.^^-"%-^^-^--%."^^-^-^-^^"^-<&^ ���"^"'''������^������^���^������������J-v^^-^^-l'^y-^*-^^'^^ Fourth Yeae.  THE ���LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER. 9, 1897.  AX editorial   contest.  BX CAPTAIN JACK CEAWFORD, "THE POET SCOUT.'  I've bin a keepin' cases on theedicated men  Who in the eastern cities sling the editorial pen.  A lot o' well-fed fellers weariir senatorial clothes,  An' average good-lookin" fur as manly beauty  soes,  An'I can't help contrastin' their condition with  the boys  As:holdifhe frontier sentiment in sort o' equipoise���  The Arizony Kicker brand, whose brainy bugle  toots  Whar' the musical six-shooter robs the courts o'  libel suits.  Back east opinion architects have   nothin' else  to do  Bnt write an' think an' think an' write 'bout  everything'at's new,  But in the free and easy West, -acrost the dreary  plains,  The bulk of editorial work  is done outside  o'  brains.  The editor is coroner, an' jestice o' the peace,  An' makes out legal' papers from a last will to a  lease.  Umpires the dog engagements, either two or four  leg;    "  An'  igged sort,  acts as final referee in all degrees o' sport.  He lookouts fur a faro snap, an' of en takes a trick  A practicin' o' medicine w'eii anybody's sick,  He plays a nervy poker game, assisted by liis  sleeve.  He laughs   with  them  'at's   laughliir, and he  grieves with them 'at grieve.  He alius makes thc speeclies on thc Fo'th day of  July,  An' plays a parson's hand when thar's a nuptial  knot to tie,  An'hain't no moral scruples about practicin'at  law,  When either party wants a man 'at slings a hefty  jaw.  difference in the real value of the mine,  according* to the expert's report, and  the price asked by the owners, that the  company felt disposed to examine further. A well-known mining* man of this  city recommended that a certain party  be' sent in to examine thc property.  "You can depend on his judgment,"  said the mining man, "and he'll tell you  nothing* hut the truth; you had better  depend on his. report, which will be  short and very much to the point, most  likely."  The party referred to did not boast of  his knowledge of mines ; in fact he had  never worn a pair of red boots in his  life, but he had, by following his own  judgment, made himself independent  ana recognized that experience and not  boots had taught him geology and mineralogy. He was employed, and, as  predicted, his report was" meagre but [  full of pith.   It was about as follows :  "Dear Sirs: I have made an examination of the 'Cliff Dweller' mine and  report that the ore is here as represented, that it assays high, that it is here in  plenty, but to get your supplies in and  your ore out you will need a pack-thrain  of bald agios'/'  a fight  I     DIARY OF A KLONMKER.     g  His sanctum table alius sets a facin' to the door,  So's when a angry citizen comes a sniellin' arter  gore  He ain't got no advantage, an' kin seldcmi git the  drop  On the editor an' publisher an' scrapper o' thc  shop.  He wears his britches in his boots, don't never  comb liis hair,  (Except on legal holidays or some sich big affair,)  An' thinks a starchy collar is a mark o' servitude,  An' wearin'socks excusable in nothin' but a dude,  He's prominent at lynchin's, calls the figgers at a  dance, r.  Works a min in'speculation every time he gets a  chance,  Keeps a string o' ruiidln' bosses fur tlie Territorial  Fair,  An'never shirks in meetin'we'en  he's axed to  lead in prayer.  An' 1 iind myself contrastin' his condition with  the men  Who do   the public   prcachin' with   a   stubby  p'luted pen,  An' I jest think he's usefuller a doggonnation  sight  Than them 'at don't do nothin' top o' God's green  earth but write.  A   ,TOKE   ON   THE   SLOCAN.  Sufi-gosting ii Pack Train of Bald Eagles  on Our Easy Grades.  There are a great many kinds of min-  'ing* experts and their reports are as  varied as the men themselves. Some  time ago an eastern company. was in  tlie market for a silver-lead mine.  Among- the many propositions submitted Avas one from tlie silvery Slocan,  says tlie Miner and Electrician. This  proposition seemed so reasonable and  the ore assayed so well that the company was disposed to treat with the  owners of the mine and to that end an  expert was sent to examine it. He reported favorably, said that tlie ore was  there, the values were there,  and undoubtedly great quantities of it existed  within the boundaries of the claini.  Bnt there seemed to be such a vast  UIIIIUIIIIlllllllllliUllllllUlllll!llllllllllllHmilllllllU��tl��IIIIIIIIIIIIUllllllllll��l  Sept. 1���The scenery is beautiful.  Breakfasted this morning off a sublime  view, and shot the chutes down a'mountain iii a snow-slide. Plenty of fresh  air up here, and quiet. No hook-agents  orpeddlers. No mosquitoes. Only five  years' walk from train. If you try this  place once the chances are you'll never  go anywhere else.  Sept.. 2���Dined off of snowballs. As  I am a poet by profession, this seemed  like old times'. Memories oi home and  my dear, kind creditors crowded my  brain, and I shed a few timely tears.  They were hot, scalding tears, and  thawed the snow and ice in. front of me  for more than a mile, so that I was able  to progress rapidly on the way to fame  and fortune. However, was struck by  another avalanche about 6 p. m., and  buried under 10,000 feet of snow.  Sept. 3���Slept comfortably all night,  but dreamed some heavy weight was  on my chest._ With my patent  snow-shovel  path to liberty,  and  I with a lighter heart.  I run on  my   patent  the way, there is so  that   pneumatic   tires  pumping up.     On the   contrarv,  they  have to be punctured in several places  in order to prevent their bursting.     In  a long and varied experience  1 have  never noticed so much air anywhere.  . Sept. 4���It's remarkable how cheap  ice is up here. No wonder people find  it hard to believe all they hear about  Alaska. Thc natural resources of this  country in the way of ice are nothing-  short of phenomenal. Think of waking  up of a morning and finding about 50,-  000 tons of ice on your doorstep, instead  of a wet spot with a bill for 88. At  present rate am due to arrive in Klondike this evening.  Sept. 5���Arrived Klondike last night  and staked out a  claim.     To-day am  building a  house of gold   bricks, and  mvself   in   odd moments bv  throwing nuggets at the birds. Shall  get up a petition to ha\e the streets  watered, as the gold dust blows all over  everything. Am beginning to feel the  need" of some of the biscuits that mother  used to make.   Also bed same.  Sept. 6���Carried 250 pounds of gold  quartz, 22k. fine, up the gulch to Hyena  Hank's resort to exchangee for needed  stimulants. It was a big load, but I  carried a bigger one back.  Sept. 7���There was as pretty  as I ever saw between a moose and a  polar bear in my back yard this morning. My neighbor, Deadly Bill, formerly a Brooklyn preacher, offered to  bet me ��92,000 in dust on the bear. As  the fight progressed, quite a crowd  gathered, and I made a book at even  money. Finally the, moose ran his  antlers through the bear, and the latter  got back with a corker on the moose's  solar plexus. Both went down, and  somebody yelled "Draw!" Everybody  pulled a six-shooter, and when the  scrimmage was over I was the only one  able to sit up and take notice. There  is now S437,000 in nuggets and dust  stacked up in my back yard.  Sept. 8���Have just paid tlie ��437,000  for a bag of flour, and traded my entire  claim for two dozen coffee beans.  Sept. 9���Started for tlie United States.  Got up at 5 o'clock so as to have an  early start. Ye gods! If I only had an  air-ship! The Explorer.  BLACK.   .JACK.  Tin*   ("unit;   Stopped    at     Siindoii-  About the Play.  -Points  pressing  folding  I soon cleared a  went on my way  Made a century  snow-bicycle. By  much air up here  never   require  Ed. Cowen, writing to a Spokane  paper from Sandon, has much to say.  about a calamity to that town almost  equal to the drop in silver.   He says:  "Under the new regime the "black  jack" games have been closed, and  thus the only gaming excitement of  the camp was snuffed out.    "Black  jack," be it known is the only table  banking game tolerated by the constabulary law givers of the province,  and as it is optional with them whether it is allowed to run or not,   the.  question is often settled after the same  manner in which gambling privileges  are disposed of in  American towns,  namely, either by public opinion or  the influence of those who may be interested in the profits. As a general  thing, so long as   no  complaints  of  crooked work are made, "blackjack"  play is to be seen night and day  in  the smoking rooms of the hotels. It is  none other than the game which was  so popular in the army during the  war, and which has been conspicuous  diversion of barracks life ever since,  with the difference that the deal is  passed around the board to each successive   "black jack," thus   giving  every player an equal chance on his  luck to do the banking business of  the game���a very lucrative privilege,  by the way.  The game is simplicity itself. The  banker deals successively one card to  the players and himself until each  has two cards. Twenty-one is the  maximum count.   The player's mon  ey has been placed before the draw.  An ace counts one or 11; the other  numerical count as their faces run,  and all picture cards stand for  10.  Therefore an ace, together with an  illuminated card, or 10 spot,   make a  natural 21 in the deal, and the player  who receives this has a "black jack"  and wins the deal: as well as his  wager.   If the dealer or banker gets  "black jack', he scoops in all tbe  money bet against  him around the  board.   His greater advantage, ho w-  ever lies in the fact that every player  has to draw to his hand before the  dealer does, and taking the average  run of the game the players   "bust"  ten times as often as does the dealer.  "Busting" consists of drawing so as  make a sum in excess of .21 after the  deal. The penalty is loss of player's  bet. In the case of -the dealer "busting" he pays everybody who has not  burst before him.  The most reputable citizens indulge  in "blackjack," and it is no uncommon experience to see merchants, bankers, professional men, mine owners,  as well as miners, and skillful gamblers all jostling each other around  the "black jack" table. It would.  seem to be a fascinating game, for it  lures from sleep for nights, the traveling agents and capitalists from the  east whose education in the arts of  "black jack" has been neglected.  While some very large sums ot money  change hands, few of the winners retain any considerable part of their  gains. The expert gambler gets in  his work manipulating the "black  jack," but in an ordinary game where  a few safe and watchful players are  engaged, his cleverness is kept under  an eclipse.''  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Cazabazua Fraction Mineral Claim.  Lot 1809.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek about 4  miles east of Silverton, Slocan MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  *I*AKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driscoll, as  1 agent for Donald Bremner. free miner's certificate No. 81,999, intend, ��0 days from the date  hereof to apply to the Alining Recorder, for A  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this Gth day of August, 1897.  ocan  Hospital  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privilege 3 of theabove.  For further information apply to���-  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C  ^&^% W*~* Jf-**"* 9^~* 9^"\ 9^> V-^~-�� Bt^wf^^^^L^*^* B^T~  BOURNE  BROS.,  DEALERS IN  GENERAL  MERCHANDISE,  MINERS'  SUPPLIES,  DOORS, SASH,  OATS,  BRAN,   LTC.  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Cannot do better than place their  orders witli us. Perfect lit atid  good work guaranteed.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor,  Williamson Block, New Denver,  B.C  9 ^j^^^^-^jt^j^^^^^C^lLr^^i^tLi^t^ 0  ! Do you want Ink?  | Do you want Type ?  ; Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do you want Anything in the way  of Printing Material.  Cor^XToronto Type  Foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.CCROME, Agent,  C9fl Cordova Street,  JZ,U       VANCOUVER, B.C.  R. STRATHERN,  KASLO CITY.       -    ' -    . .  ���"Vi//"5  -\Wv.  -ci mil�� mum G>iiif��) G-iiiiivs ��i  DR. A. MILLOY,  /a  [L. 1817, G. 1.]  Snowllake Mineral Claim.  Eoom 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoining the Greenhorn mineral claim.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  l. whaite, free miners' certificate No.  l-'*Xi A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements.for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this 1st dav of September, 1807.  EDWARD H   APPLE WHAITE.  QJ  IS  IS  O  <S  ^  The only Practical Watchmaker in the  nay District. Orders by mail -eceive  attention.  B.C  Koote-  promp  ALL WOItt GUARANTEED  F. LO CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GrOETTSCHE & MAGNUSON,PropS  FREDJ.SQUISE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aJwavs on hand.  UWM  wmimmimmmmmmmmm^  No.vOoi^'t^e Market.  Now' or? tbe MevFket.  m  ���*  Black Prince,  Cold Blow,  Alpine,  Cameronian,  Alexandra,  Scenic,  Situated in tbe HeevFt of tbe l^eroop ��peek Gold Mines  Plenty of Good Timber.  Tcuo beaatifal lakes near the Shores of Liemon Creek  A beautifully situated townsite, surrounded by Gold Mines.  ��:  :���  Perfect Title to all property.  Price of Lots from $50 to $150 each.  Lucky George,  Maple Leaf,  Crusader,  Howard Fraction,  Sundown Fraction  and many others.  :��  SIpO0;7\N 0ITY,  B.   0.  ���~~^  GE>NE>R7\L>  ^LGLoNTS. 6  THE LEDGE, NEW' DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 9, 1897.  Fourth Yeas  P6RSTY6N>  Dusk was beginning to fall, and as I  looked  round   over  the  long   level  of  marsh land that surrounded us and saw  no  sign   of  any of our party I felt the  first thrill of a not unpleasant uneasiness.   I glanced at my companion.    She  was walking  quite  contentedly by my  side, apparently secure  in   the assumption that I knew my way.    As a matter  of fact, I had, the gravest doubt about it  and there seemed no possibility of making sure.    For miles on either hand the  marshes stretched   to  the low horizon.  The dry tracks were few and ill defined  and already a light, white mist was rising over the numerous straight waterways.    I looked   at Miss Pascoe again,  and my uneasiness gave place to a kind  of expectant pleasure.    Even supposing  ���we were lost, there was no actual danger, and the great sense of solitude that  hung about us gave me a feeling of possession that was keenly delightful. Misa  Pascoe,   unconscious  of    my  doubtful  cogitations,   still   walked on as though  her feet were upon a familiar road, and  indeed, as far as I could judge, we were  making in the right direction.   To have  stopped would have been  like a confession of  incompetence on   my part, and  this  to  an  uuuvowed lover was out of  the question, at any rate until  circumstances unquestionably had me at a disadvantage.   So  we  went on, and  the  twilight deepened, and the mist trailed  in  denser  wisps  across  the shivering  reed beds.  Suddenly she turned to me.  ���"What a queer place this would-be to  get lost in,".she said.  I think the serious possibility of such  a thing had not occurred to her at all.  She threw out the remark merely as a  contribution to a flagging conversation.  "Yes," I said. "But you're not  afraid, are you?"  "Oh, no; not at all!   Of course you  know the way, and that makes  all  the  ' difference."  "Of course it does," I answered, with  a glimmering sense of shame.  "How far are we from home now?"  she asked after a pause, in which the  darkness had perceptibly increased.  '' Three miles, I dare say,'' I said at a  blind hazard.  "That's nothing," she said. "I  thought we must be quite four."  "Are you sure you're not tired?" I  asked. "Wouldn't you like to rest?"  But she persisted in walking on at that  swinging pace of hers.  "Even if I wanted to rest there's  nothing to rest on," she said.  ','I'm sure I could find a fence somewhere, '' I said;  "I don't believe you could," she  said, ' 'but I'm not going to let you try.  I'd much rather get home."  We walked on silently for another  five minutes, and then Miss Pascoe  stopped and listened, leaning forward  slightly, with her hair blowing about  her face.  "Is that the sea?" she asked.  It was the sea unmistakably, the  slow roll mingled with the rustle of  the wind ovei the rushes. And then it  became quite obvious to me that I had  woefully gone astray, for the sea was  before us instead of almost at our backs.  "It must be the sea," I said, after a  show of liard listening.  "But it shouldn't be there," she said.  "Why not  in order to gain   time,  been there, I suppose."  "Don't; be foolish," she said. "You  know what I mean. We must have got  on the wrong, path. Mr. Thirlmere,"  she cried, '' how could yon have been so  careless?"  "My dear Miss Pascoe," I said, "if  I have made a mistake, I am very  Borry."  "And you said all along that you  knew the way," she pouted, trying to  Bhoot condemnation from her eyes at  me in the darkness.  "You see," I said, "I got my directions from your brother���from Jim���  and he's often so very inaccurate, isn't  he?"  "Absurdly inaccurate," she admitted. "If I'd known you were relying  upon Jim, I wouldn't have come at  all."  "And then I should have missed the  most delightful walk I ever had."  She turned away from mo a, little,  with a petulant movement of the shoulders that pleased me mightily.  "I wish we had Jim here," she  said  with pretty fierceness.  "1 don't," I said.  "Then, perhaps you'll be good enough  to iind the right path. We can't stay  here."  "There don't seem to be any conveniences for camping out," I said. "Will  you stay here for a moment while I explore to the right?   I may get up to any  -'-"' I answered rather feebly  'It always has  you," I said, "to have got yon luro  such an awkward fix. Pick your way  very carefully. Ah!" She had stepped  with one foot into a patch of wet iucss.  "Take my hand," I said. "It is  quite firm where I am standing. Will  you ever forgive me for this?" She took  my outstretched hand, and I guided her  to safety. But because the danger might  be renewed at any moment I still retained my hold of her slim fingers, and  we went forward together in that pleasant, companionable way.  "Don't talk to me about forgiveness  until you have found the path and  made restitution," she said. My finger3  tightened upon hers instinctively, partly berause it was so pleasant to have  them resting so unreservedly in my  hrnid and partly because her voice was  very low and without any hint of dis-  app-rval iu it.  "For myself," I said, "I cannot pretend to be sorry for this adventure. For  your sake, of course, I am, but it has  been so pleasant, to have you to myself  for so long that when we hit upon the  path I shall be almost in despair."  "We haven't hit upon it yet," she  said. The ground under our f-eet seemed quite firm by this time. The moon  was just 'rising*, swimming upward  through the low lying vapor in a wide  luminous circle of misty silver. Right  above us a star or two blinked.  "I suppose," I said, striking a match  to look at my watch, "that the second  dinner  hell has rung by this time.   In  another  hour  there will   be a hue and  cry   after  us."   I'was sorry for this a  moment later, because in order to strike  my match  I  had had to relinquish her  hand.  We had both paused and read the  face of the watch together in the flickering light.   Then it was blown out by  a gust of wind, and darkneus succeeded.  I possessed myself of her hand again.  "Well," she said, "shall we go on?"  "If you like," I said.  "I suppose we ought to," she said.  "It would  be  rather fun to let them  find   us   here, wouldn't   it?"   I said.  "Think how pretty the lanterns would  look,  coming glinting over the marshes."  "But they might miss us," she said,  turning her face quickly toward me. I  saw the gleam of her eyes and the oval  shadow of her face, and all at once I  realized that there was only one thing  I could do at that precise moment in my  life. I stooped down and kissed her.  "Forgive me for that as well, if you  can," I said. "It means that I love  you. I suppose now I have trespassed  beyond all hope?"  For a moment she was quite still,  and I cursed myself for such blind precipitation, but the circumstances and  the time aud place had all forced me to  this inevitable result.  "You think, "she said, after this  pause, "that you may as well pile up  all your ofitnses at once and be forgiven  or condemned on all counts at one  time?"  "Precisely," I said. "I am entirely  in your hands."  "I will forgive you," she said very  sweetly, "when you have found the  path."  "It's a bargain, then," I said. I took  a step forward and brought my foot  sharply against something white that  stood a few inches above the ground.  "Why," I cried, beneling to examine  it, "this must be the broken post that  Jim told me to look out for. What a  close observer your brother is! This is  the path that leads straight for home."  " You knew it all the time," she said  reproachfully.  "ISfo," I said. "I assure you that I  had no idea of it. We shall be in just  as the rescue party is preparing to set  out." I turned to her and held out my  hands. "I claim your forgiveness," I  said.  And she forgave me.���Black and  White. #  and, although his opportunities lor employing it in test cases have not been  large, the results attained by its use are  characterized as having proved satisfactory in a high degree. Several instances  are named in which a persevering use  of the calcined shoil powder arrested  the growth and pain in tumors undoubtedly of a cancerous character. Where  the nature of the affection is early recognized, a persistent trial of this method is pronounced very desirable, among  other points Mentioned in its favor being that of entire harmlessness and noninterference with any other remedies  resorted to for the relief of pain. The  "���vster shells for this purpose may be  conveniently baked in a home oven,  and the calcined white lining of the  concave shell scraped off, the substance  thus obtained being then reduced to a  powder, and as much as will lie on a  silver quarter taken once or twice a day  in a little warm water or tea.  A   SCIENTIFIC    MEDLEY.  The largest mammoth found in the  Siberian ice fields measured 17 feet in  length and was ten. feet high.  Taking it year in and year out, the  coldest hour of each 24 is five o'clock in  the morning.  Some naturalists are of the opinion  that the whale was once a land animal,  and that it was forced to take to water  as a means of protection.  The eye of the vulture is so constructed that it is a high-power telescope,  enabling the bird to see objects at an  almost incredible distance.  Jupiter performs its journey round  the suu in a period of 11 years, 10 1-3  months. Its average rate of travel is  a trifle over eight miles a second, less  than one-half of the earth's rate���18  miles a -second.  pURNI-TURP  i  I carry the stock���the largest in the Slocan-  Kootenay, in show rooms  covering  space.  3,000 feet of floor  Furniture for a Mansion or Cottage at  A President's Car.  The Railroad Car Journal of New  York has originated a project to build a  private car for the use of the president  of the United States from material and  appliances contributed by the car building and affiliated industries. The designs and specifications are being prepared under the supervision of a committee of 25 master car builders and su-  perintendents of motive power. "The  projected car," it is said, "will be a  complete exposition of the art of car  building, demonstrating to the world  the surpassing excellence of this industry in the United States, and it is to be  presented to the nation, as a tribute  from the car building fraternity, for the  personal and official use of the successive  presidents of the United States."  President Hayes' Little Book.  Ex-Secretary of the Treasury Charles  Poster was talking to me one day about  Rutherford B. Hayes. Foster represented Hayes' district in congress when  Hayes was president. They were political and personal friends of almost a  lifetime standing.  Said Foster to me:  "I got plenty of patronage under  Hayes, to be sure, but for a long time I  t��>ver Innded   the  men  in whom I was  most  particular  and    earnestly  interested.    I would go to the president and  lay the claims of my man before him.  He would  usually  acquiesce  in everything that I said, because in most oases  he knew the applicants as well as I did.  Well, in every instance where some devoted  friend was concerned  the president would say, 'Oh, well, Charlie, we  will fix that in a day or so!'   Then  he  would  reach   down   in  a drawer, pull  ��ut a small  book  and a short stub of a  pencil and make a note of the man and  his want?.   I  would   then  for days to  come scan with much interest  the  list  of appointments sent to the senate, but  none that had found a place in the pres  ident's notebook was to be seen among  them.   Still, I didn't  complain  much,  for I  knew that Hayes was  doing   the  best he could. Time went on, and finally I called at the White House to insist  that  a certain friend of mine who was  then in   Washington  be  instantly  appointed as a consular  agent   abroad.  This gentleman had political claims on  me and also on the president.   I stated  my case   as  briefly as  possible  to  the  president,    who    listened   attentively.  When I had finished, the president said:  " 'Why, certainly, Charlie.  Yes, yes;  to be sure.' And then he dived for that  book of his.  "Just as he was opening its leaves I  grabbed his arm and said: 'Hold on  there, general. I'll be switched if that  man's name goes in that jackass book!'  The president saw the humor of it, a>nd  I got my constituent appointed then and  there."���Chicago Times-Herald.  Contrasts.  Statistics show that  the uneducated  factory girl is more frequently married  than is the wide awake, capable girl in  the higher salaried  position of  stenographer, office assistant, clerk or trusted  secretary.      The   factory   girl   is   not  thrown with  people of  wealth and position so much as is  her more talented  sister,   and   consequently  when   some  honest man cc.ir.es along she is ready to  trust  her  future with   his in a simple,  even shabby, little home.    But the girl  who sees, day by day, the rustle of  my  lady's silks and the courtly manners of  my lady's husband and sons will not be  content to give  up her salary, however  difficult  it  may be  to  earn it, for the  sake of being loved by a man, who may  not find her bo charming when the rent  is  overdue  and  the  babies  need new  shoes.  So she stays on, growing old and  acquiring deeper lines about her mouth.  ���SaalFra-ocisco Argonaut.  Jottom Pric.  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest. D. M. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Undertaking a Specialty.  Note the address:  Sixth Street.  Above the Ledge office,  New Denver,  Freight paid on goods to Sandon, Slocan City and all Lake points.  Rosebery  The northern connecting* point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the emploj'ees can bring*  their families:  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling" fast.     You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot.  are going" up.  Thev  knees in the marsh. You will be safer  hare."  "Don't be long, will you?" she said.  "Oh, no!" I said cheerfully. "I shall  find the path in no time."  I started off, carefully exploring the  ground before me with my stick as I  went. There was no sign of a path, and  I began to be seriously alarmed for Miss  Pascoe's comfort. On consideration I  came to the conclusion that I had made  rather an ass of my&elf. Another hundred yards, and still no path. I paused  and looked back. I could see a slight,  dark figure moving toward me very  carefully and slowly.  "Is that you?" I said.  Miss Pascoe's voice answered: "Yes.  I'd rather come with you if you don't  mind. When you left me, I felt so lonely that I was almost afraid."  "[   am   more  sorrv than  I  can  tell  Innocuons Vanity.  As gold is never put into circulation  without some alloy, so perhaps for this  world's use some alloy is needed in the  gold of character. The only questions are  what alloy and how much? I shall try to  answer the question as to kind and  leave to individual discretion the question as to quantity.  A great actor once said that all men  have vanity, but some conceal it more*  successfully than others. If vanity be a  nniversal trait, we may take it as  that alloy which is necessary to our active and circulating usefulness.  It is decried by all moralists, preached  against in all pulpits, and everywhere  believed to be as undesirable as it is  universal. Nevertheless, in youth at  least, a certain degree of it may be  necessary.  Vanity is like the kindly cloud which  shelters us from the all piercing and  too brilliant sun of truth, for it may be  doubted whether any of us can bear the  truth unveiled. The melancholy Dane  who had revealed to him unqualified  truth, both as regards this life and the  next, was not by that revelation incited  to action. Hamlet found the truth withering, not stimulating; it paralyzed  rather than nerved. And it may be so  with all truth. Most of us are ordinary  people, but happily most of us do not  find this out, at least not in our first  youth.���Lippincott's.  Poisonous Tissue In the Blood.  A recent intelligent writer draws attention to an important but not sufficiently considered point in a recent communication to The Lancet. Dr. Hood  gives his experience as to the value of  carbouat-e of lime in the form of calcined oyster shells as a means of arrest-  inc   the  trrowth   of  cancerous tumors,  TVo Women In This Casts.  There are two brothers in Detroit  who now look the other way when they  pass by. This is all the more to be noticed because two boys more affectionate  toward each other never grew up together. It is not very long since there  was a double wedding in which they  participated as principals. They did not  take the same wedding trip and did not  see much of each other till each was  settled under his own vine and fig tree.-  " Prince," said Charley when they  made their first visit as benedicts, "I  congratulate you with all my heart.  You have a charming little, wife."  "That's right, old man. Same to you.  I'm.in great luck, getting the sweetest,  prettiest, smartest woman in the  world."  "I'll acknowledge that she's a good  tecond in the race, Prince, a splendid  second, but the superlatives you have  used belong to my wife. She is a  lhade or two the best of any other woman on earth."  "All right. You keep right on thinking that way, but in figure, foaturc,  mind and all the graces of her sex I  married the nonpareil. I'm not trying  to dispel any of your delusions, but  facts are facts."  "You make me weary. I know a  score of women that will compare very  favorably with your wife, and I'll give  you the whole human family in which  to find one like mine. "  "I don't care to find one like her.  Fortunately for me I have the pick of  the flock now. Some men have no sense,  anyhow, where there is a woman concerned."  Then the argument descended into  the calling of names, the saying of  much more than was meant and a final  agreement that they were eternally  done with each other. After awhile the  Wives will come out of the clouds and  make it up.���Detroit Free Press.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easv of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  Terms, �� cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  The Standard  Perfumes  Of the Wopld.  Lubin's Jockey Club  Atkinson's White Rose  Seely's Ylang Ylang  Rogers & Gallet's Peaii d'Espagne  . and others of the best.  The best Toilet Powders,  Puffs, Toilet Waters,  Finest Toilet Soaps,  Creams, Etc.  Lilac Cream is unsurpassed  by any toilet article.  Drugs and Stationery.  m  SmVEt-fTON, B. c.  St". O. (WflTHESON, PfOpPietof  J.R.&B.Gam-sroR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the:���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailops Hft.  sh��E��LTH��EEFOEKS & SANDON  Ore  qpHElV^ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.  VICTORIA,   13. C.  LONDON,   ENG.  Kootenay Branch���NELSON, B. C.  A large stock of all sized bags always on hand in Nelson  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and fr3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  Discovery of Iron In America.  One historical authority states that  the earliest discovery of iron within the  present limits of the country was in the  mountain range of western North Carolina, and the first effort to manufacture  it into merchantable form was made id  the state of Virginiain 1619. Thefoun-  dry was destroyed by the Indiana in  1622.���St. Louis Post-Dispatch.  LELAND  HOUSE     ,  Makes it one. of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDousrald.  JST-A-KXTSP-5, - - BO.  THOS. ABRJEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  Dealers in  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds waii ted for  English market.  Send full particulars to  RICHARD I'LEWMAN  Mininy Broker, 1'. O. Box Iffl, Rossland, "B. C  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  <,  Four Years' Assessment  Work  m  Since THE LEDGE was located, and a'better showing- with every  assessment. The paystreak is "-rowing" wider. Fourth Yeab.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 9, 1897,  THE   LIFE  OF THE  ROSE.  voices   kings   were   grlad   to  the feast, the song*, the bay-  and the end is near*.  Where   are  hear? .'  Wlit re now  aiiere?  The enu is nothing*,  And yonder lovely rose���alas, my dear!  See    the   November   garden,    rank   and  drear.  The end is nothing*, and the end is near.  Bee  how  the  raindrop  mingles  with  the  mere!  Mark   how the age devours each passing  year!  The end is nothing, and the end is near.  Forms arise and grow and wane and dls^  appear.  The life allotted thee is now and here.  The end is nothing, and the end is near.  ���From the Persian.  HEE LAST DANCE.  The bolt bad fallen that morning, and  with numb, folded bands and dry, terror filled eyes she sat in tbe darkest corner of her gay little drawing room, beneath the ghastly chamber whence were  soon to be borne the earthly remains of  her husband.  What was she to do? How was she to  procure not the luxuries without which  the scarce imagined her child could exist, but tho baro necessities of life? Ev-  sry piece of furniture in the house was  mortgaged to its full value and her last  jewel had gone to pay the rent. Thank  Heaven, they could have this haven for  tome time to conic! She was in debt to  butcher and baker, and she had not had  a new pair of gloves for months. Shillings had become the basis of expenditure as guineas had been hitherto.  In the morning sympathizing friends  came to support and assist her through  the trying ordeal. All passed like a  dream. "Tout passe, tout passe," she  said over and over, "but my heart is  Btrong."  When, a month later, she sat with  Cousin Selinit in the same room, in the  same chair, listening again to the gusty  rain as it beat against the windows, it  was to her as if no appreciable time had  intervened. Dreamily she took up the  thread of her thoughts where she had  dropped it that sad night, and the  strange conceit carue back to her.  Women less brilliant, but stolid and  plodding, were ensconced in journals  whero she had disdained even to allow  her verses to appear. With voices in no  way comparable to her, she saw others  succeed, while she, who sang like a bird  ���but like a bird, too, only when inspired���could make no impression. And  bo, dowered as she was, she was poorer  and more helpless than the humblest  woman who could conscientiously knit  a pair of stockings or embroider a tea-  cloth.  The pretty face seemed pinched and  weary. Two deep lines began to inclose  the drooping mouth. "I smile en paren-  fchese," she said to Cousin Selina as she  turned from tbe mirror, where she was  trying to change the expression of those  quivering lips, that even at the moment  curved upward, a Cupid's bow, at the  quaint conceit.  More surely than ever she knew she  could ask no favors, but must put her  own shoulder to the wheel. But what to  do when all else failed? To dance on the  stage! Why not? She could dance. All  her life she had loved to dance. In her  greatest joy she had ever found fullest  expression iu dancing to her own reflections before the long mirror in her bou ���  doir. A hundred times her darling had  been lulled to sleep, eased of her pain  by tho dancing of her ' 'pretty mumsie."  Once, with her husband, she had seen a  famous actress���a woman chaste as herself���dance so gracefully, yet with an  abandon so perfect, as to captivate an audience accustomed to exhibitions from  which she had turned in loathing���to  his annoyance, since his taste grew  yearly less refined. Even then, ' 'the pity  of it," she had sighed. And how much  even then was implied that she should  say, turning to him:  "That I could do, I am certain."  "May you never need," he had answered fervently, for he loved her  and was proud of her, though his paths  in life were devious, though he would  not follow her. It all came back  to her vividly���the gay scene, the  eager faces, the murmur of delight,  the applause that rose again and again  and could not be staid. Her heart beat  fast. Yes, she would dance. It might  cost her the few friends she still possessed, but as long as she helped herself  she could maintain her pride.  Next day became a tiresome round of  interviews with impatient, incredulous  or impertinent managers, with a heart  growing daily heavier and a brain sharpened almost to viciousness. At last an  impresario, touched by her grace and  the expression of brave despair in her  hungry eyes, granted her a trial, fixing  an hour at the theater on tlie following  day in the early forenoon. Amid a concourse of women, some sympathetic,  some brazenly inquisitive, all so dift'er-  ��mt from herself that she scarce felt they  were her sisters, she made her first essay.  How unreal it seemed���a dream from  which she would waken in a moment!  She has kept her glance straight before her, trying to shut out the crudity  of her surroundings ��� the "sets" all  awry, the glimpses of busy carpenters  and scene shifters, the flashily dressed  men and women waiting for rehearsal  and familiarizing in a way that gave  her a mental nausea. A row of raw girls  in soiled dancing shoes and fleshings,  their upper halves clothed in ordinary  bodices, went awkwardly through their  matutinal drill. The odor of dust and  Oil and paint began to overpower her,  and she was on the verge of losing hei  self possession when the kind voice of  the manager, close behind her, said:  "Your turn, madame. Will you tell  me what music you desire?" The orchestra, composed of one violin on the  stage, began the swinging accompaniment of ''La Palonia," and at the end,  and while the blood beat and surged in  deafening throbs in her heavy head,  again she heard the voice of the manager, seemingly a great distance off:  "Accept my compliments:, madame.  I shall   be glad to offer .yen a salary of  810 a week. I am sure you will have a  success." "Un success fou, " he said,  turning to the orchestra, who gracefully waved his fiddle, bowed low and replied, "Sans doute. " Poor woman, she  looked into their eyes to see if they were  mocking her. Then, convinced of their  good faith, she mustered all her strength,  and, with the strange surging still in  her ears, smiled, said "I thank you,"  turned quickly and left the theater.  How she got home was always a mys-  tpvy to her. Martha heard a faint pull  at the bell, hastened to the door and  found her mistress pale as death, but  with her eyes wide open and a set smile  on her lips. She put her to bed, held  her quivering body till by degrees the  tortured soul began to, still itself and  the overwrought brain found relief in  such healing tears as had not come before in all those strained days of trial.  And now there was practicing and preparation of costumes, then the first appearance aud the many succeeding, all  justifying the acumen of her friend the  im2u*esario. Gradually all pressing  need, the indebtedness, the grinding  care, disappeared, and she could have  been comparatively happy.  All day, save for tlie morning hour of  rehearsal, she kept Maizie beside her.  It was  Maizie who  made a daily holocaust  of   unopened   billets   doux   and  adorned  her  nursery with  the flowers  that invariably accompanied  tbem.    It  was Maizie who first enjoyed, almost inspired,   the  dances  she  invented,  and  who first praised  her "sweet  mumsie'  iu her artistic costumes.  Every evening  she   left the  child with   a new pang,  though she could not but feel her safe  with  good  Martha,   and  flew  ou   the  wings of love to her bedside on her return.    Resolutely she shut her eyes to  all that displeased her in her new sur-  rpundings, and soon her dancing became  to her an infatuation.   For the time she  was on the stage all else was forgotten.  Her  grief   fell from  her like a dismal  garment, and she stood the personification of laughing youth, grace and joy.  Always garbed in white   and with  a  gauzy, winglike scarf���La Paloma they  called  her  after  her first  dance���she  floated in an atmosphere chaste and poetic, too delicate to be misunderstood,  and, as before, even  the women were  charmed.    Yes, she might have become  content, but   daily Maizie grew weakei  and more fragile, and her heart failed  within her.  She would take the child in  hex-, despairing  arms  and  hold her so  close that the little one would cry out,  yet was happy withal  in   the embrace,  for she loved her "mumsie" with a deep  devotion  and  seemed   with  a strange  prescience to understand much.  One night���it was about three months  after her debut���she left home a little  lighter of heart than usual. Maizie had  been feverish that day and had grown  quieter toward evening, and they had  had a royal game of romps and a "big,  big hug and kiss" when she left. Toward tbe close of the evening she began  to grow ill at ease, and throwing her  fur lined mantle about her, without  changing her costume, she left the theater hurriedly and, jumping into a hansom, was driven home iu all haste. The  front door was open. From the hall  caine the voice of her physician:  "Go quickly, or she will not know  her."  "Who will not know whom?" she said  to herself. "Who will not know whom?''  she reiterated to the physician as she  walked quickly into the house.  He took her in his strong arms, carried her to tbe nursery and placed her  in a chair beside the child. The dear  little face, already fanned by the wings  of the angels, flushed softly.  "I was waiting, mumsie," she whispered. "You will dance for me now,  will you not?"  She fell on her knees beside the couch  and took the little one in her arms.  "Sweet, lovely mumsie," said the  child, kissing her bax-e arms, "you will  be a real dove in heaven."  "Maizie, Maizie, do not leave me!"  wailed the trembling woman.  "No, mumsie," answered the child.  "You shall come too."  The mother gazed at her, speechless  and wild with alarm.  ' 'Mumsie, " said the little one, trying  to raise the heavy little head with the  short, golden curls in damp ringlets on  tbe pale forehead, "mumsie, dear, do  dance. Perhaps the angels don't dance,  and I love it so!"  With a great sob and a supreme effort  she rose from her knees, thx-ew off the  heavy cloak which was still about her  and began to dance. Was ever such martyrdom, ever such bravery? Ah, mother  and saiut, in other days canonization  was often more lightly won. On she  danced in the dimly lit death chamber,  those outside standing with bated  breath, not daring to enter, yet seeing  it all. Sweetly the child smiled, lifted  the little hand once as if to thank her,  then the fluttering eyelids closed, the  long lashes rested on tlie pale cheeks,  and she w*as still. Closer and closer  danced the mother, till she leaned anxiously, breathlessly, over the child, fearing to stop abruptly lest she should  waken her. Then with a cry that rang  through the house, and rings now in the  ears of the two who waited outside the  door, she fell on the couch beside her  angel and the brave heart broke.���  Black and White.  a WARNING.  The lark was tip to meet the sail  And caroling his lay.  The farmur's boy to< It down his gtm  And at him blazed away.  The busy bee got up at five  And buzzed the meadows o'er.  Tha farmer's wife went for its hiva  And robbed it of its store.  The ant rose up at break of day,  His labors to begin.  The greedy swallow flew that way  And took his antship in.  Oh, bees and birds and ants, be wise.  In proverbs take no stock.  Like me, from sleep refuse to rise  Till half past seven o'clock.  ���   ���Boston Courier.  He Wrote "The Bay of Biscay."  An interesting anecdote of the youth  of John Davy, who composed the famous song, "The Bay of Biscay,"  shows how decided and precocious was  this musician's aptitude for the art he  ultimately practiced with artistic if  not financial success. John Davy was  born near Exeter in 1765. At the age  of 6 he evinced a passion for music,  which he sought every means of gratifying. He was in want of a musical  instrument and determined to provide  himself with one of however rough a  nature. So from a neighboring smithy  he purloined 20 to 30 horseshoes. From  these ho selected as many as formed a  complete octave, and having suspended  them in an upper room amused himself  by imitating upon them the chimes of  the neighboring church of Crediton.  By those and other means he obtained  a knowledge of music, which, some 80  years later, enabled him to produce  many dramatic pieces and such songs  as "Just Like Love," "The Death of  the Smuggler" and "The Bay of Biscay, " only the last of which has remained popular.  After 20 years' work in London Davy  died in St. Martin's lane in 1824. He  Was buried in St. Martin's churchyard.  PROVINCIAL   SECRETARY'S  OFFICE,  18th August, 1897.  JJIS HONOUR the Lieutenant-Governor is pleased to appoint William  Sinclair Gore, of the City of Victoria,  Esquire, to be Water Commissioner  under the provisions of the "Water  Clauses Consolidation Act, 1897."    ,  Provincial Secretary's Office,  18th August, 1897.  JJIS HONOUR tlie Lieutenant-Governor in Council has been pleased  to direct the publication of the undermentioned Scale of Fees, payable under  the provisions of the *' Water Consolidated Act, 1897."  Bv Command,  JAMES BAKER,  Provincial Secretary  RICHMOND, STARVTJBW AXD EMPIRE NO. 6  MINERAL CLAIMS.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Three-  quarters mile s. e. of town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, R. E. Palmer, acting  as agent for George Gooderham. free  miner's certificate No 75189, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Mining*Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section  37,  must be commenced   before   the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 29th dav of July. 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  Yuma,    Aurora,    Suburban    and    Night  Hawk. Fraction Mineral Claims.  PASSENGER  A Clergyman's Advertisement.  The Rev. W. Darlow Sarjeant, a reputable Wesley an clergyman of London,  keeps regularly standing in one of the  London papers the following advertisement:  "Persons in spiritual difficulties may  see by appointment and in strict confidence helpful friends, who are sincere  Christians at 17 Beaumont street, Mary-  lebone (five minutes' walk from Baker  street station). There need be no reference to church or creed. Certainly there  will not be any attempts to obtain money or to proselyte. Everything possible will be done to lead such inquirers  to the living Christ. All letters to be  addressed to Rev. W. Darlow Sarjeant,  17 Beaumont street, Marylebone, W."  A great many people come to him to  confess and receive encouragement, but  he says ���.that some of his brother clergymen criticise and denounce him on the  ground that he is hearing private confession's  SCHEDULE ONE.  Records  of   Water   for   Domestic,  Agricultural, Industrial and  Mining Purposes.  For every record or interim record of 100 inches of water  or less   S   5 Qp  For every additional 100 inches  up to 300 inches        5 00  For every additional 50 inches  above 300 inches         5 00  For apportioning" the water authorized to be used under any  record ".       5 00  Tn respect of every record or interim record (except in respect of water recorded and  actually used for agricultural  purposes) an annual fee up to  the first 300 inches of  3 00  For every additional ?0 inches,  an annual fee of  ...       1 00  Inspection or search of any record, in any record of water  Situate in the Slocan Mi.iing* Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of the 1-i'uth group, within one mile of the  town of Sandon.  ���"PAKE NOTICE, That I, E. M. Sandilands,  1 free miner's certificate No. 80121, intend, CO  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  pui"i*ose' of obtaining Crown Grant of above  claims.  And further take notice ihat action under Sec.  37 must he commenced before issuance of such  Certiiicate of improvements.  Dated July i'J, 1897.  E. M. SANDILANDS.  EACH   DAY.  TRAINS  EACH   DAY  - Between -  and  Rossland  On the"  Goliii Mesten Bt  Run Made in one Hour.  Irene  Mineral Claim.  rights.  Filing" any notice or document  with a Commissioner or Gold  Commissioner    For certified copies of any record or document per folio of  100 words   Publication in the Gazette according to the scale of charges as defined in Schedule A  of the ������ Statutes and Journals  Act" ....   Annual fees to be paid to tlie  Commissioner for the District  on or before the 30th clay of  June in each vear.  0 25  0 50  0 25  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. . Where located : Near the  town of'Sandou.  ���PAKE NOTICE that I. E. M. Sandilands, free  1 miner's certiiicate No. 8fil-'l, as agent for A.  H. Blumenauer, free miner's certiiicate No. (JlBito.  intend, sixty davs from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must bo commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 18th day of August, 1897.  GREENLEAF MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District. Where located? Adjoining the Clipper, about three miles  above the town of New Denver.  TAKE notice that we. the undernamed, A.  Ferguson, free miner's certificate No. 07988,  J. Cummihgs, fr<je miner's certificate No. 85357,  W. C. McKinnon, free miner's certificate No.  8-199-1, N. Angrignoh, free miner's certificate  No. 79098, J. Cadden,free miners eertificateNo.  71051, intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claini.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the"  issuance of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of July, 1897.  The other pebble on the beach  is the  Trail Blazer cigar.  The  Nakusp  Sawmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Eeduced Prices  SCHEDULE TWO.  The Supplying of Water by'Waterworks Systems to Cities, Towns  and Incorporated Localities.  Every Municipality or specially incorporated company shall pay in respect  of each of the several matters in Schedule One of this Schedule mentioned  the fees in respect of such matter by  said Schedule One prescribed :  For the presenting" by a specially incorporated company of a  petition under section "53 of  the Act and the filing of the  documents by section 52 prescribed, a feeof;.  �� 25 00  For every Certificate issued  under section 55 of the Act, a  fee (to be paid to and for the  use of the Judge of the Supreme Court granting such  Yuma Fraction Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining: Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located:���  West of the Ruth group, within one mile of  the town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I. R. W. Gordon, free miner's eertificateNo. 89539, intend, sixty,days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 24th day of July, 1897.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Connects in  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland with  Red  Mountain  train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Steamers, for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P^ GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail, B.C., June 4, 1807.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  _RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  , Cheapest Route  ' East     *  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning, making* close connection  at Revelstoke with trains 'or  all points East or "West.  petition) of     100  00  PRICE  LIST:  Rough Lumber, narrow,  810 00  "         wide,  $11 00 to  12 ..  Joist and Scantling, sized  up to  18 feet long,  11 ..  8'to 24 '  12 ..  21 'to 30 '  13 ..  Flooring, T&G.O "  "    ��        ���<���     4 "  V joint Ceiling, J  20 ..  22  " Rustic,  19 ..  Shiplap,  14 ..  Surfaced Dressed,  13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER  GENELLE  &  SCHEDULE  THREE.  The Acquisition of Water and Water  Power for Industrial or Manu-  factuhinct Purposes by  Power Companies.  Every power company shall pay in  respect of each of the several matters in  Schedule One of this Schedule mentioned the fees in respect of such matter by  Schedule One prescribed :  For the filing of the documents  mentioned in section 85 of the  Act, a fee of   Eor every Certificate under  section 88 or section 90 of the  Act, a fee of     100  For the examination and approval of every schedule or  proceeding fixing tolls, rates,  fares, rents or charges, a fee  of        10 00  ANTOLNE MINERAL CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: In the  Ruby Silver Basin, adjoining the Surprise  Basin.  ���PAKE NOTIOE that I, George Alexander, free  X   miner's certificate. No. 74000,   for myself  and as agent for C. H. Green, free miner's certificate No. 7770-4,  and for Alex Smith, free  miner's certificate No. 74195,   intend GO days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice  that action under  section 37 must be- commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of June, 1897.  GEORGE ALEXANDER.  Posted at Antoine Mine, 30 June, 1897, by J.  C. Ryan jylo-agl5  .Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.    It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  k  $ 25 00  00  BLACK COLT MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Joins  the Hinckley on the south; a relocation of  the Montana.  TAKE NOTICE, That I. C. A. Stoess, of Kaslo,  B.C., acting as agent for the Hinckley and  Black Colt Mining Company, Limited, free  miner's certificate No, 81,050, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must  be   commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 1897.  Nelson &Ft. Sheppard  Red Mountain  RAILWAYS  Aurora. Fractional Mineral Claim.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Cazaljazua Fraction Mineral Claini.  NOTICE.  Queer Conduct of a Tree.  An unusual incident occurred in the  timber near Fossil, Or., the other day.  Beaber and French sawed through a tree  measuring 13 feet in circumference,  and, though they sawed until the teeth  of the saw came through on the opposite  .side, though the tree top was free from  all support, though they pried and  (���hopped ami wondered and talked, still  that tree stood there, and still tbe saw  remained pinched in so tightly that it  could not be moved. At last they were  obliged to go home, leaving the tree  standing on its stump. Next day the  tree was down. It had apparently  sprung or slid from the stump, striking  perpendicularly in the sandy soU at first,  making a Iioic live feet deep and as far  across. ���ypokane Spokesman-Review.  -jVTOTICE is hereby given, that sixty days after  ���L" date we intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission  to purchase the following described land, situated in the Slocan Mining Division, West  Kootenay District, on Four Stile Creek, about  three miles from the town of Silverton:  Commencing at a post on the north side of  Four Mile Creek, marked "Kenneth Morrison,  C A. Gardner mid E. W.Bradshaw'.s northeast  corner," and running east 50 chains, thence  south :io chains, thence west ft) chains, thence  north 30chains to point of commencement,  and containing Kid acres more or less.  Dated the 8th day of July, 1S!I7.  KENNETH MORRTSON.  C. A. GARDNER.  E. W. BRADSHAW.  Lot 1809.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek about 4  miles east of Silverton, Slocan MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  ���I'AKE NOTICE, Tliat I, Alfred Driscoll, as  1 agent for Donald Bremner. free miner's certificate No. fi0,38C, intend, (!0 davs from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder, for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of Hie above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must  be commenced before  tho issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this lith day of August, 1897.  jyl.-Vagl.--)  NOTICE,  "VTOTICE is hereby given that "[intend, 60 days.  1\ after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 100 acres of land, (more or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a, post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south along the lake shore to place of commencement.  Wakefield Fraction  Mineral Claim.  Lot 1810.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek, about 1  miles oast of Silverton, Slocan MiningDivision of West Kootenay District.  Alfred Driscoll, as  free miner's certificate No. 83,011, intend, 00 davs from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certiiicate of improvcnionts. for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this nth day of August, 1807.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Whore located: West  of the Ruth group,within one mile of the town  of Sandon.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, H. B. Alexander, free  1 miner's '���.ertificate No 77602, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown grant of above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  Section 37, must be commeneed before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 24th day of July, 1807.  ~~      DEMOCRAT MINERAL CLAIJL  Situated in the Slocan Mining: Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  Southeast of the Twin Lakes.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, as  agent for John G. Steel, free miner's certificate No. 84982 and William B. Cash, free  miner's certificate No. 78699, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Alining  Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this lath day of .Inly. 1897.  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave. Arrive.  9:10 a.m.        NELSON       5:45 p.m.  11:00" ROSSLAND     3:40   "  8:00 a.m.       SPOKANE      6:40 p. m  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  THE   STEAMER  W. HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon tipon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON, SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE POINTS.  Will leave SLOCAJST CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  ���PAKE   NOTICE.   That T,  I    agent for Frank Culver,  Klklioi-n Mineral Claini.  Located Aug. 23,1897  New Denver, Aug. 23  HENRY STEGE,  1897  NOTICE.  "VfOTICE is hereby g  i.\    I intend to apply  iven that (in days after date-  to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following described lands situated in the  Slocan Mining Division. West Kootenay District,  on Fennel creek, (a Branch of Four Mile creek)  and about si-vou and one-half miles from tbe  town of Silverton: Commencing at a post on the  east side of Fennell creek marked "R. H. H.  Alexander's northeast corner." and running west  30 chains, thence south f>3 chains, thence cast 30  chains, (hence north .r>3 chains, to [joint of com.  mciicement and containing 160 acres, more or  less.  Dated 2ot:h August. 1897.  R. H. H. ALEXANDER.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On the  left bank of Miller Creek, about halt a mile  from its junction with Carpenter Creek.  ���"PAKE NOTICE. That I, J. H. Gray,  acting as  1   agent for J.  W.   Stewart, free miner's certificate No. 77,098, intend, sixtv  days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before ithe issuance of  such Certificate, of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of July, 1897.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  &TRADINGCO.,  LTD.  Strs International and Altierta  On Kootenav Lake and R'ver.  Time Card in  Effect July 12th.  1807.    Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at  Five  Mile  Point witli  all  passenger trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at  Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd.,  Junel,18U7.  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master.  Hotel Vevey  Lv  points.  ."i:l") a.m  Rossland 3:10 p  Kaslo for Nelson and way  Ar. Northport VJ:1~> p.m.:  in.: Spokane, 0 p.m.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo and way points. ���1.-J-', p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m.: Rossland. 10:i'() a.m.:  Northport, 1:.V) a.m.  Dining Room and Bar  class in every respect,  well furnished. Trail  Ten and Twelve Mile  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C.  First-  Rooms  open to  creeks.  T  HINCKLEY MINERAL CLAIM.  Situate in the Slocan Alining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Whore located: About  -.'.'. miles from Three Forks Hotel,   on right  hand side of Carpenter creek, on  the first  creek opposite Payne mountain.  AKE NOTICE, That T.  C. A. Stoess. of Kaslo.  B.C.. acting as agent for the I-fineklny and  Black  Colt  Mining  Company.   Limited,   free  miner's certiiicate No. Sl.iiaO. intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certiiicate of* improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.      And. further take notice, that  action under section 37, must be  commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 17th day of July, 18!'7.  NEW SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo. etc. Tues.. Wed., Thurs.:  Fri., Sat.: 0:30 a.m.   Ar. Kaslo. 1l':.')0. p.m  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc.. Hon., Tues.. Wed.,  Thurs.. Fri.; f> p.m.    Ar. Nelson, '.) p.m.  BONNER'S FERRY Axn KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the Internationa I lief ore leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo. Sat..9..*iO p. m; Ar. Boundary. Sun.  0 a.m.: A.i. Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. ]0.3(i a.m.  Lv Bonner's Kerry. Sun., lp.m..- Ar. Boundary. Sim., "i p.m.: Ar. Kaslo. Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close eoimeeton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.10 a.m.,  and Wi'si bound, arriving Spoka no 7 p.m.  O K< >K<; E   A LKX A NDKK, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. I! C...Inly 13, 1807  Kaslo&Slocan Ry  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 no A.M.   Kaslo Arrive. 3 .->n P.M  "   8 30 '��� South Fork "      3 r�� "  '"   !i 30 " Spr    ',*s '���       -i \': "  "    H al " W'li.'V     ter *         -1 Cl': "  '��� 10 o.*( ���' JJearLi^-.j "      1 -4S *'  '" 10 18 " McGuigan "'       1 3S "  "10 38 " Codv Junction '���      11*.' "  Arr. 10 TiO '" Sandon Leave 1 00 "  CODV   L1XH.  Leave. 11.00 a.m. Sandon       Arrive ll.:V> a.m.  "     11.2a    '��� Codv "���      ll.-JO   "  JOBT.  IRVING-,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO.  F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  W^^t^^^^^^M^&^W^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 9, 1897.  Fourth Year  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF  THE WEEK  Assessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining  Properties.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Den ve* were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Aug 31���Glenwood Slocan Lake, A E Fauquier; Camp Lodge, "\Vilson, Chas M Brewster;  Eastern Township, same. Geo L AlcNichol.  Skit 1���Mona Fraction, Carpenter, John S  Parker; Plato, Carpenter, Charlott Henderson;  Mildred S, H L Arnold; Lulu Fraction, Noble  Five Mountain, J G McGuigan,  Sept 2���Empress, Wiison, 0 Lenrieui'; Prom,  Carpenter, Ernil Hendrickson; Dump Fraction,  M_cGuig-au creek, M J Sweeny.  Sept S���Skylark, New Denver, Wm Barker;  Heloise, iFour Mile, W S Horton; Little Tiny  Fraction, Last Chance Mountain, Jas Lathom;  Angus Fraction, Galena Farm, A P McDonald.  Sept 4���Delaware,   Dardanalles  basin,  Theo  Peickart; Snowstorm, Carpenter, D M Bongard;  Dominol, Wilson, Geo M Hubbell; Hoodo F  tion, Noble Five Mountain. W \V Warner.  i rac-  Sept 7���Nelly Rae, New Denver, Thos M Rae  and Gordon Sutherland.  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug 31���Kootenaian, Lone Star Fraction.  Sept 1���Surprise Extension, Blue Jay, Blizzard,  Starlight iFraction, Silver Cord, Little Widow  Fraction, Flood No 2, Blue Grouse Extension.  Sept 8���Pordcnsgold, Bolder, Banshee, Boababj  Lone Lake, Red Gauntlet, Lost Lake, Eagles  Nest, Kuasind, Bryan,  Sept 4���Neglected, Silver Moon, Vyner.  Sept 7���American Girl, Washington Fraction,  .Kokanee, Stormount, Naoma, Aliegash, Prince  Alexander.  TllANSt'KKS.  kvd 5J7���Forest Fire, J, Wm A VanTasscl to  Jessie Helena Neilson, July 5, *}l.  Aug 28���American Boy, Sebastian Haas and  Eugene Denzel to The American Boy M & M Co,  June 22, $1. -  Joker Fraction, Robert Langill to Wm Calla  lum, Aug 2, .*l  Aug 30���Black Knat Fraction, i, Joseph A  Otto to F H Lautz, Aug 29, SI  Omego Fraction, Thos J Donahue to Jethro A  Smith. Aug 27, SI.  Braid, Julius Riser and Wm Braid to Reginald  Strangeway, July 14, SI  Aug 31���Sultana, C AI Cowper Coles to Chas G  Rashdall, Oct 15, $1.  Iron Mask, J A McDonell to Chas S Rashdall,  Oct 12, ��1.  Kootenaian, Frank M O'Brien to Wisconsin  Consolidated Mines, Ltd, Aug 18, si.  I ���' Sept 2���Sincher, J, Sincher Fraction, f, Geo W  Hughes to Alfred W McCune, Aug 21, SI.  Sept 3���Dixie Hummer, J, Philip J Hickey to  Wm H Yawkey, Sept 2, $2,500.  Emporium, 1/6, J D Farrell to W H Yawkey,  | NEWS IN PLACE |  %J[|||lilllllill!lllllllll!illlll!liiaillilllllilllllll!llllllllllll!lllll!illllilllllllli#  The force on the Enterprise will soon  be increased to 100, and the output will  1 make this mine on of the big* shippers.  H. T. Bragdon has just received a car  load of Gurney Stoves and Ranges,which  he is offering at prices to suit the times.  " There are no Trail Blazer cigars on the  Klondike, although several Slocan prospectors will endeavor to pack some in  next spring.  Drop into Bragdon's and inspect the  finest lot of stoves ever brought into the  Slocan, which he is selling at prices all  the way from $10.50 to $225.  The Tokoa will take from Vancouver  on her next trip to England about 200  tons of British Columbia ore consigned  to the Swansea smelter in Wales.  Weston Covney, ,'has left the staff of  The Ledge for a short time to do Klondike business for a New York paper. He  "will be stationed at Skagaway for several  monts.  Two-thirds of the Dixie Hummer,  situated on the divide between Howson  and Four Mile creeks, liave just been  sold for $5,000. W. H. Yawkey and J.  P, Farrell fire the purchasers.  The road   to  Three   Forks is  going  SABLE    THEOLOGY.  Sept 2", S200  aushee,   Roulette, Mountain  �����������., .^^....v.ha-, ^.wi.,.�����,��.. Lilly. Lucky  Move aud Rebound, fleeter A Ross, Thos Wall  and Daniel McRae to John Vallance, Oct 5. Si.  Kasa, P J Hickey to Sunshine Mining Co, Sept  2, SI.  Emporium Fraction, J,PJ Hickey to J D Far-  rel, Sept 2, Si.  * Dixie Hummer, I, P J Hickey to J D Fan-el,  Sept2,S2,500.  Cross Roads, D R McLean to S K Green, Feb  18. SI.  Fidelity, *-, F L Byron to L F Holtz, Sept 3.  Cracker Jack, i, L F Holtz to F L Byron,  Sept 3.  Cracker Jack, i, L F Holtz to A S Williamson,  Sept 3.  Fidelity, J, F L Bryon to A S Williamson,  Sept 3. ���  Heloise, W D Horton to R Greeen, Sept 3.  Sept 4���C P R, J, Henry Hewer to Angus  Matheson, Aug 2.  Silver Moon, L E Diller ,to Wm Glynn, bill of  sale in escrow, Sept 4.  Sept 7���Sincher. 1/12, Geo W Hughes to Peter  Larsen, Aug 30.  Green Mountain No 2, Jas M M Bcnedum to  Albert Doring, Sept 7, S80.  SLOGAN   CITY   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  AUG. 27-B & S, J F Yates.  Aug. 28��� Point Du Lac. Lachine and Cassette.  A Cassette; Good Hope, A Brown, F Carlson and  A Morrison.  Aug. 30��� Rudalnh, W Thomlinson; Rosemary,  H Dagliesh and A Haines; SilMilford, R Green;  Chacellar.F Hughes.  Aug. 31���Klondike, D McLcod; St Lawrence,  J A Foley.  Sept. 1���Chilkat, B E Sharpe.  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug. 27���Libby, Ruby May, Trenton, Dido,  Denbigh.  Aug. so���Ibex, Whistler, Slocan Bob, Glen.  Albion.  Aug. 31���Dolly Varden.  Sept. 1���Silver Dollar.  Sept. 2���Greenstone.  THAXSFEItS.  Aug. 30-Gold King, G W Stafford to A W  Milbrandt  Sept. 1��� Early Bird and Keno  WC McKinnon.  i, J Tinling* to  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  AUG. 28���Sunset. R Focstner; Bijou, Jercmie  Dobiliard; Salute, same.  Aug. 31���Fallstaff, John A Rice; K & S, H  Klapach; Mountain Beaver, Thos Dryden.  Sept. 1���Erne, John Miller.  Sept. 2���Big Mead, John Kelly and Geo  Howie; Rock. 15 E* Chipman: Silver Cable, Jas  Nicholson and A Hague; Nelson. A Bloomuuist;  Nightingale. Geo Shields; King Solomon, Robt  Shields; Wild Horse, AlbertLind aud Chas Ben*-  Btroin; Roy, same.  Sept. 3���Orient and Harrisburg, Mike Domico;  Ala-ska and Boval Five, S Johnson; Menu, Frank  Bradford and 1' Henderson; Drum Lummon, W  H Crawford; Lilly, Sam Olson; Morning, Peter  Johnson,Sam Olsen, Nels Magnuson aiid Oscar  Johnson; Rob Reid, .J Keith Reid- Gem Fractional, J B McLaren; Bonanza, L O Synions;  Summit and Surprise, L Borradale; Georgia, J  Carmody.  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug. 30.���Virginia Dare, St. Gottard, Glacier,  Grutte, Native Silver, B N A, Black Eagle, Vernon, Yukon, Humboldt.  Aug. 31���Horseshoe, Elvira, Marie, May, Helvetia Fraction, Alp. Ivaiihoe. Noble Three, Tiger,  Mayflower, Tennessee,Consolidated.  Sept. 1���Jumbo Fraction.  Sept. 2���Silver Queen, Skylight, White Star,  Nip and Tuck, Stanley, Grand Republic, Diamond Joe, Bolderwood.  Sept. 3���Indiana, Liberal, Annexed. Alma,  Peacock Copitcr, Orlando, Imperial, Horseshoe,  Good Luck, Kaslo.  THAN8FE11P.  Aug. 28��� Nettie J, Jas A Speirs to E Rork.  Nettie J, Jas A S-ieirs to J \V Powers.  AUG.   30���St.   Gotterward i,   Geo   Bagtaglia.  Harriet E and Pauper's Dream. 4-5, Andrew  Moher and Allen Bourchaier to J B McArthur. *5  Alameda,4 .">, Allen Bourchier to.I B McArthur.  Dora 'i, Allen Bouchier aud G L Peet to J B  McArthur.  Iron Duke, Goodenough, Peacock, Black Coon,  4-ri, and None Such and June Bug, 4-10, Sam Den-  moie to J B McArthur.  Sept. 1���Little Maud and Granite, ', DE Crafts  to E II Thomlinson.  Ended, Then F Adams to Frank Townsend.  Sept. 2���Skvlark. A E .Price and J W Duncan  to Win A Stack and W I) Jaekman.  Tlie opaque smoke at present in thc  Slocan does not come from tlie Trail  Blazer cigar.  to  ahead rapidly. It can already be travel  ed as far as the Mountain Chief. The  grade at this end is quite heavy, but beyond the Mountain Chief it will be on a  level.  Reports from Trout Lake state that  that section is being pushed forward  very rapidly, the movement being greatly stimulated by the late big finds made  there, the rock, assaying high in gold  and copper.  The Mining and Scientific Press observes : "The nomads of '97 unlike the  argonauts of '49 can not fall back on the  agricultural resources of the country,  if.unsuccessful. They luust get gold,  get out or starve."     . *...       .... ....,;.  WGary Watkins���Say, what is moral  courage, anyway ?  Hungry Higgins���I heard a preacher  say it -was the power to say " No."  Weary Watkins���When you're asked  to drink", or to work ?  A New Mexico farmer has developed  a seven-headed varity of wheat which  he claims is good for seventy bushels to  the acre. With that kind of breadstuff  growing $1 would be not only high, but  low, jack and the game.  The original locators of the Fidelity  have organized a co-operative company  to work the claim and ship ore. It is  capitalized at $30,000. F. L. Byron is  manager of the proper, and L. F. Holtz  and A. S. AVilliamson constitute the remainder of the company.  New Denver is not a city of hotels on  one street. It is a city of homes, substantially built, well laid out, and provided with every modern convenience it  is possible, to get. Citizens of New Denver are here to stay. The erection of  residences goes rapidly,on yet the demand  for homes exceeds the supply.  A travelling man from the coast who  visited New Denver this week, made the  remark that in his travels throughout  the mining region of British Columbia  he had not seen so much earnestness,  confidence, stability and business in any  place as here, and plainly gave it as his  opinion that New Denver was the best  town of West Kootenay.  "Yes," said the man from the West,  "he was very lucky. He went to a neAv-  ly discovered gold country, and in less  than three Aveeks came" home Avith  $1,000 !"  "That paid him Avell for his time."  "No ; T won't go so far as to say that.  You see, he had the 81,000 when he  started. But he Avas mighty fortune to  be able to gold onto it."      "   <  Saturday evening at a meeting of the  general committee of the First of July  Celebration, it Avas decided to donate the  balance in the treasury, about $25, to the  road fund. It wks the original intention  of the committee to turn over whatever  surplus there might be to the band boys  to help them in their efforts to resuit the  band, but after duly considering the  matter the band withdrew in favor of  the road building.  The Slocan Pioneer has changed management, Richard Butler and W. L.  Kearns having taken the job of piloting  the infant craft over the turbulent news-  paper sea. Mister Young, of Young  fame, has also fired the editorial staff on  the News of" Slocan City, and is doing  the brainy Avork himself. With an  epidemic of typhiod fever, stringent  money market, inflated valuations, and  these later afflictions our sister city at  the foot of the lake has much to bear up  under.   KASLO.  There was a negro preacher, I have heard.  In Southern parts before rebellion stirred,  Who did not spend his strength in empty sound ;  His was a mind far-reaching and profound.  Others might beat the air and make a noise,  And help to amuse the silly girls and boys;  But as for him, he was a man of thouGht";  Deep in theology, although untaught.  He could not read nor write, hut he was wise,  And knew "right smart" how to extemporize.  One -Sunday morn, when   hymns  and prayers  were safd, '  The preacher rose, and rubbing up his head. ,-  "Bredern and sisterin", and companions dear,  Our preachment for to-day, as you shall hear,  Will be ob de creation. ob de plan  In which God fashioned Adam, de first man.  When God made Adam, in de ancient day,  He made him body out of earth and clay,  He shape him up all right, den by and bye,  He set him up agin de fence to dry."  ';Stop,*' said a voice; and straightway there arose  An ancient negro, in his master's clothes ; ,  '"Tell mc," said he, "before you farder go,      ������       I  One little thing which I should like to know !  It does not quite get through dis nigger's liar.  How come dat fence so nice and handy dar V"  Like one who in the mud is tightly stuck,  Or one nonplussed, astonished, thunderstruck.  The preacher looked severely on the pews,  And rubbed his hair to know what words to use :  "Bredren,"said he, "dis word I hah to say,  De preacher can't be bothered in dis way;  For, if he is, it's just like as not  Our whole theology will be upsot."  ���Current Literature.  BIRDS AND DISEASE.  An Authority Who Thinks  Birds laeftpa*  ble of Carrying Contagion.  Persons interested in birds hare r-a-  Cfcntly been debating the question  whether these creature* are capable of  contrac ting diseases from human beinga  or of transmitting disease to human beings. Expert opinion seems to be divided. On the one hand Dr. K. Half,  director of Gefierderte Welt, in a recant  letter to the president of the Acolima-  tion society, asserts that the tranemii-  sion of any disease from a bird to a  man and vice -versa ie absolutely impossible.  Says Dr. Rulf:  "For more than 30 years I hare been  Bccupied in keeping, obserying and  raising exotic birds of plumage; eonie-  quently I hare had occasion to deal with  them when ill. Every bird that has died  has been examined, and I have thus dissected during about 80 years several  hundred parakeets. I have always kept  these birds during their illness, sometimes for a considerable period, in my  apartment, which is some*what restricted in size, being composed of only six  rooms for four grown persons and four  children. During all this period I have  not had a single case of sickness in my  family, although the birds have had all  possible kinds of maladies. I am also  confirmed in my belief by the fact that  I have allOAved no opportunity to pass  of asking for information on the subject  from the principal dealers in birds at  Hamburg, Cologne, London, Liverpool,  Antwerp, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Marseilles and Bordeaux whenever, they had  sick birds in considerable numbers. In  no case Avas I informed that any one,  either a member of the family or an employee, had been attacked in tbe house of  one of these merchants, and I obtained  the same information.from the directors  of the great zoological gardens at Paris  and London. No contagion���and I cannot insist too strongly on this point-  could ever be established."  These, however, are all negative facts  and would fail to stand against even  one authenticated case of the transmission of disease to or from pet birds.  Such cases, it is believed, have been  proved to exist by Dr. Laboulbene, who  communicates an account of his investigations to the bulletin of the Acclimation society.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON,B.C.  Is anew three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining*  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON 4 BARRETT  1      {    )  ^Jl  ~ JNO.lCOVER.  WM. BENNISON,  Branches���  Everett. Wash.  3!) Upper Brook St.; London,  Members of the Rossland Stock Exchange  and Board of Trade.  H. E. COVER.  Cahle Address���"Bents'ipon."  Moreing and Neal,  Clough's (new and old),  Bedford McNeill.  and ABC Codes-  WM. BENNISON  Si CO., ROSSLAND, B.C.  -�������������*��� MINES  MINING SECURITIES  .AND  Parson's  Produce  Company  ' E solicit correspondence with parties having  meritorious mining properties for sale, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal cities of Canada, England and the United  States, and are an daily receipt of inquiries tor  developed mines and promising prospects.    <������  18 YEARS  EXPERIENCE  In active mining operations and reduction of ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  B.C. enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information pertaining to mines and mining matters.  References given.  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods  in ��� Western Canada.    All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage.   Full stock carried  at Nelson, B. C.    For prices write  or wire  P. J. KUSSKLL:  Managerof Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company  CAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  It Was Needed.  "Our church tower goes nearer  heaveii than the tower of any other  chuJTli in town," proudly remarked a  resident iu an interior town to a visitor  from the city.  "Well," replied the latter, "I don'*  know any church that needs it more."  ���Pittsburg Chronicle.  A man is relieved and gay when he  has put his heart into his work and  done his lest, but what he has said or  done otherwise shall give him no peaoe.  ���Emerson.  Weber Square. I'iano.  dition, for sale. $150.   or  excellent  eon-  will exehanye  for diamonds.    Box. 220, Trail, B.C.  (A Ledgk Special.)  J). W. Moore visited Sandon on Monday.  Jno. Vallance, New Denver, registered  at the Kaslo Friday.  A. J. McLellan, of the Kiraberly mine,  South Fork, was in Kaslo.  S. A. Mighton and J. M. Kelly, of Sandon, were in Kaslo Monday.  Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Braden, of Helena,  Mont., arrived in Kaslo Monday.  Geo. Turner, Superintendant of the  Great Western mine, was in town Monday.  W. H. Jones, editor of theRosslander,  was in Kaslo on Saturday, returning  from a visit to the coast.  In clearing away for the abutment for  the bridge to be put over the second  crossing of the Montezuma road over the  South Fork of Kaslo creek, the workmen  discovered and staked a fine ledge showing* good samples of galena.  The K. & S. received their new rolling  stock Sunday, fifteen freight cars and  two passenger coaches. The passenger  coaches, which are luxuriantly upholstered and beautifiully finished, will add  greatly to the comfort and convenience  of the travelling public on this line.  XOTICJ".  Professor Bailey of Ithaca has succeeded iu graiiing tomato on potato  vines. In this case the tomatoes grew  to lull size, bat the potatoes remained  ���anal'  An immense assortment of furniture,  lower than Coast prices, at Crowley's,  New Denver. Freight paid on orders  to Sandon and all Slocan Lake points.  ��� b ��� ���  Two 10x15 job  bers; one a Gordon and the other  an Excelsior, now  called the Eclipse.  McMillan & Hamilton,  Wholesale    Grocers.  Agents for B.C. Sugar fiefinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B.C.  Our Nakusp branch is for sale.     Address  to Box 296, Vancouver, or Box 23, Nakusp.  C. S. RASHDALL,  Notary Public.  A.'E. FAUQUIER.  R. T. LOWERY.  F  URNISHED ROOMS  By Day or Week.  Mrs. A. J. Murphy.  SIXTH STREET  yflFCovve? S*W * door co-  Ltd., is prepared to furnish  all kinds of Rough and Dressed  Lumber, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, etc  All dressed lumber dry Coast  stock.  We are also prepared to furnish  plans and specifications, together  with estimates on all classes of  buildings. Office and yard Nakusp,  B. C. J. M. M'GHIE, Agent.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIXING INTERESTS-BOUGHT,   SOLD   and BONDED   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, con veyane.in  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  General Merchants  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in  the  Slocan country.  Linton Bros'  book store  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting- Goods,  Fishing- Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining Laws & Maps.  *<j  ���VTOTICE is hereby tfivo.n that if Stewart, tlie  ...\ i.'leetriciiin does not settle, elmnres against his  floods now in my possession within .'Unlays from  date. I will retain the said icoorts in payment, of  said cliaives. 1'ALMA  ANGKIGXON.  New Denver, Sopt. !i, 1S!)7.  SJS>-W   MZI_.I-i  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly filled.  Address letters to New Denver.  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishing.-*,  Special lines in hiilhrc-sKiui,Carpets. Mats,  Floor and Talde Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the latest styles in Dress Goods and  Trim mines: in silks and velvets and  imttoiis: Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too'numerous to mention.  ���Millinerv thc- latest style always on linnd.  MR*--.. W   W   MERKLY.  E. Parris & Co.,  SLOCAN   CITY   and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at TenMile Store.

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