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The Ledge Sep 1, 1898

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 Volume V.   No. 48.  NEW DENVER, B. C, SEPTEMBER 1, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Year  TURNER'S DISMISSAL  The full text of the correspondence  relating* to the dismissal of the Turner  government by Lieutenant-Governor  Mclnnis has been published in an extra  issue of the British Columbia Gazette.  The following is the letter of dismissal,  written by His Honor of the 8th of  August. He referred to his letter of  July 14th, and said :  "Since writing that letter, however,  the representations made by yourself  and colleagues, and hereafter referred  to   in regard to the   expenditures  of  - various sums of money,  have influene-  ed me to the extent that I shall not  longer await the return of the Cassiar  writs before acting   on what   1  consider the verdict of the electorate,  as  it .'may be that further delay in calling  in a ministry in whom  I would have  full   confidence,    would    prejudicially  affect the interests of the Province.    It  was recommended by the  honorable,  the Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works, and urged upon me by yourself and the honorable,  the Attorney-  General, that  the  moneys   voted for  roads,    bridges,    school-houses,    etc.,  should forthwith be expended in Vernon, Cowichan, Cariboo and Kamloops,  and warrants have been sent up  for  my approval,   covering   in  some  instances,   nearly   the   whole  amounts  voted for the said localities.   On the  recommendation of the Chief Commis-  missioner, also, 1 have been asked to  approve of a special warrant for a considerable sum   for   the   Nelson court  house, additional to thc  sums already  voted for that building.   The executive  council advised me to approve a minute  authorizing vourself and the honorable  Attorney-General to  execute forthwith  a contract, on behalf of .the government,  granting a subsidy to the Columbia and  Western Railway'Company.   And in a  conference had on the 2nd instant with  yourseif,  the honorable Attorney-General, and the honorable,  the Provincial  Secretary, the necessity of at once placing a large sum at the disposal ofthe  government agent in the Cassiar district for the building of trails and roads*,  through that district and for the assistance and relief   of   a large   number of  men in that district who could he employed in such   work  was urged upon  me; and it was strongly contended that  to withhold that sum now would be to  retard the exploration and development  of a rich mining section ofthe Province.  Now, in these cases, as you are aware,  and in others not mentioned,  I  have  withheld mv approval, as I considered  them outside of routine business, and in  none of them could I see that a delay  of a few  weeks   would make any material difference to  the   localities concerned, or to the Province  at   large.  And, in a few other cases,   not  mentioned,  I approved of certain expenditure   as   recommended.     But, at   the  same time 1  fully realize that my own  judgment as to the expediency may be  at fault.   And 1 fully realize, also, that  this is an exceedingly important period  in the development of the   Province,  and that lack  of proper   expenditure  in certain localities might indeed  retard that development.   Consequently,  impressed as I am  with a deep sense of  mv   responsibility to   the Crown, and  my duty to the people of the  Province,  aiid convinced that yourself and colleagues are no  longer endorsed  by the  electorate, and have not the confidence  of the legislative assembly, 1 have decided to no longer delay in calling for  other advisers    For, as 1   would  not  feel justified  in granting you another  dissolution  and appeal  to  the electorate, and as, after a   careful  study  of  the situation 1 am  convinced  that you  could not command a majority in the  assembly, 1 shall not  put the  Province  to the   delay or to the expense  of a  special session of the legislature, merely  for the purpose of formal I v demonstrating what has been  already  sufficiently  demonstrated   to   me by ' the  general  elections.    I   deem  it my  duty,  therefore, to ask, and  I  do hereby ask, that  yourself and your colleagues hand in  resignations as advisers to  me,  as   members   of   my    executive  by your honor to form a government,  aiid" the evening paper the Daily  Times, made a similar announcement.  It is impossible for me to assume that  Mr. Beaven or the paper mentioned  were justified in maidng such statements. Nevertheless, tne fact that  they were made may become important" in connection with the responsi-  bilitv vour honor proposes to undertake."  Mr Turner then recounts the acts of  the government sanctioned by his honor since the 14th day of July," and pro-  CGGCls *  "On Monday, July 18th, 1898, Mr. T.  R.  E.  Mclnnes, your honor's private  secretary, called oh me at my office in  the treasury.   He spoke of the letter  of July 14th from the Lieutenant-Governor to  me,  in which the Governor  gives his reasons for not signing Fauquier's    appointment,   etc.    He    (the  private secretary)   said  Ithat he   had  written that letter.   He said that your  honor considered that the result of the  elections   generally   was   against   the  government and therefore no appointments should be made and ho special  warrants  drawn.   He  then   went  on  to  say that there   was  a method by  which' I could   secure a strong government ;   that, owing  to   the fact   that  some parties had taken a very active  part against the government" in  the  late   elections, being   now   somewhat  nervous about the position of real affairs in the Province, particularly with  respect to the preponderance of mainland influence and the consequent danger of the rights of the island being  neglected, they, or he,  had arrived at  the opinion that   it would be well to  back  me up by- support from some of  the members who had been elected to  support the opposition, and  he desired  to  let me know that  his  brother,   YV.  W. B. Mclnnes,   M.P., could carry out  a*i arrangement of that kind.   He(YV.  \V.   B.   Mclnnes)   was prepared  to resign   his   seat   in   the   Commons   and  enter into local politics.   He was really  a friend of mine, and  fully supported  most of my  policy, more particularly  that of railways, agriculture and fili  form a ministry acceptable to it. As a  result of that interview the subsequent  action of calling upon him on the 8th  instant was taken." Since then I have  had an interview with Mr. Martin, and  he assures me that I was quite misinformed; that no division exists in the  ascendant party, and that he looks to  you as the leader of it. Mr. Beaven  has made a similar report to me, to the  effect that Mr. Martin looks to you as  the recognized leader Under these  circumstances, accordingly, there no  longer exists the advisability that at  first appeared, on the facts reported to  me, of calling upon the old leader to  assume the task of forming a ministry  and reconciling factions. 1 have the  honor, therefore, of calling upon yourself, as the now admitted leader of the  ascendant; party to act as chief adviser  to the representative of the crown and  to form a new ministry."  SILVER   IN   SOUTH    AMERICA.  hands of the citizens of Revelstoke.  From the rise of the curtain until the  close of the performance the interest  and appreciation of the program was  manifest by the continual applause.  Every number on the program was  enthusiastically encored. Each member of this excellent Company is a  clever artist and there is not a dull moment throughout the entire engage  ment.���Revelstoke Herald, March 26  1898."   IN   AND   ABOUT   THE   StOCAN.  BIGK.ANDS.R.R.DEAL  ance  sea t  in  clined to give  however, want a  1 were in-  was quite  He   would  the cabinet,  and if  him that he  sure  he could  bring over  two  of the  present opposition  island members to  1113'  support  in   addition  to   his  own.  This  would  give me,  in  the event of  Cassiar being favorable to my government, at least 21 or 22 government supporters, and 1 should, lie thought, have  little;'difficulty in getting over one or  two more,  thus securing a good working majority.   A few days after Mr. VV.  VV7 B. Mclnnes called at my office and  discussed the situation on the lines suggested   by   his   brother,  your  honor's  private   secretary, and confirmed the  statements made   by   the latter.    Mr.  YV. YV.  B.   Mclnnes"subsequent"y  had  other interviews with me on the same  subject in my office,  and   negotiations  have practically   continued until   the  present time.    lrour honor will observe  that such representations from such a  quarter    necessarily    require   serious  consideration on the part of the government and I was surprised to receive  your honor's letter inasmuch as it placed  an   entirely   new complexion   on   the  whole situation "  Mr. Turner then deals at length with  constitutional authorities and precedents and concludes: "Under these  circumstance's, while neither my colleagues nor 1 personally desire to hold  office contrary to  the wish of the peo-  As a silver producer Bolivia is nearly,  if not, on top.   The ways of mining in  that country have been very wasteful,  and freight rates high.   On the dumps  of abandoned mines can be seen stacks  of low grade ore containing millions of  ounces of  silver.   The   silver area of  Bolivia is about  200  miles wide and  1,500 miles  long,   and   runs north to  south.   Every few miles can be seen  abandoned properties formerly worked  by the Spaniards.   Fifty years ago the  number of these mines was estimated  at 10,000, few of which have been exhausted. Indians used to do the mining  and the owners gave 20 per cent, of the  output to Spain,  it is said that previous  to the vear 1800 the countrv produced  more "than    ��3,000,000,000 * in   silver.  Bolivia secured her independence from  Spain in 1825, and for the 25 years pre-  ceeding that event her mines produced  ��70,000,000, and it is safe to say that up  to date since 1630 Bolivia has produced  84,000,000,000 worth of the white metal.  Most   of  this   came   from   the   mines  around Potosi.   A city three times the  size of Spokane was once in existence  there, hut owing to  the exhaustion  of  the mines its  population   has  fallen to  20.000.  The city  of  Aruro is  mining centre iu Bolivia,  illation of 13,000,  and is  desert.    The building's are principally  shacks and the streets are a Sandon  width.    The principal part of the population are Indians.    The town   has a  fine system of mule waterworks.    Visitor's prospecting for boozerino c;ui easily  find it, as all the saloons have a red flag  The profits of the Ruth Mines for July  are reported at $13,000.  A contract has been let for extending  the tunnel on the Hope claim, Lemon  creek.  W. H. Watts, of Toronto, has purchased the Eureka, on Eagle creek, near  Nelson, for $30,000.  Work on the Transfer, is being pushed by Hicks and Barber, Slocan City.  A good ledge is showing of high grade  ore.  Frank Provost reports the Lorin  group, on Lemon creek, looking excep-  The introduction of promising* rail-  is a pleasant varia-  mining schemes, and  way undertakings  Two   thousand   dollars  has  been   done on the  tionally well  worth of work  group.  Work is to be resumed on the Evening Star. Springer creek, under the  supervision of Hugh Sutherland. It is  the intention of Mr. Sutherland to sink,  on the ledge, running* through both  claims, about 400 feet.  A rich strike is reported on the  Congo, adjoining the L. H. Assays  from picked samples show 558 ounces  of gold to the ton.   An  average of two  feet of the ledge a*ave 22 ounces  tion to doubtful  this company has been forme'"1 to  acquire and amalgamate the Kaslo &  Slocan Railway and the International  Navigation and Trading* Company  (which owns a fleet of steamers on  Kootenay Lake which have hitherto  been the connecting link between the  Kaslo & Slocan Railwav and the town  of Nelson), and in addition to acquire  the charter of the Bedlington and Nelson Railroad Company. The capital  consists of ��500^000, inordinary shares  of ��100 each, rftme of which are offered  to the public, the present issue being of  ��480,000 five per cent, debentures, which  are offered at par.  As the net profit on the Kaslo &  Slocan Railway for ,1897 amounted to  $93,000, and the Navigation Company  showed $26,000, the interest on the debenture issue, amounting to $116,400, is  easily provided for.. The profits made  bj*- both undertakings have shown a  marked increase with every half year,  and so much greater activity is reported  from the Slocan silver mines, that there  should be a substantial balance at the  end of this year on the working of the  present systems sufficient to pay a fair  dividendon .the shares. The acquisition of the  Bedlington  charter is of  WHITEWATER   CONCENTRATES.  the principal  It has a pop-  built upon a  The I. C. has closed indefinitely.  Scott, the barber, lately of Sandon,  has begun business next to the Victoria  hotel.  Ike Waldron, late proprietor of the  Jackson hotel, will be greatly missed  as he leaves very shortly.  Mr. McBantin, a Toronto capitalist,  has been here for some days. He owns  many of the best ^claims in close prox-  iniitv to this citv.  your  and  council.  Mr. Turner in his reply, after reciting  the main facts of the letters given  above, continues:  "Your honor, however, proceeds to  inform me that, as your own judgment  in these matters may be at fault and  being convinced that I and my colleagues are no longer 'endorsed by the  electorate,' vou have decided to no  longer delay"calling for other advisers:'  and vour honor concludes by asking  that I and my colleagues hand in our  resignations as advisers to you and as  members of your executivecouncil.  This communication was received by  me at the hour of 12 by the clock, on  the 8th dav of August. At 3 o'clock  in the afternoon of that day Mr. Beaven, a defeated candidate in the general elections not yet concluded, was  announcing that  he had been sent for1  phi, we feel bound, in the interest of  constitutional and parliinentary government, to claim the right to await  their verdict at the hands of their  representatives duly elected and in  parliament assembled. AVe, moreover,  respectfully question tlie course your  honor has chosen to adopt before the  general elections are concluded, and  while the legality of so large a number of the elections already over is  challenged in the courts of this Province. Under these circumstances I feel  it my duty to ask your honor to reconsider the communication addressed to  me on the 8th of this month."  On the 12th of August the Lieutenant-  Governor wrote to Mr. Charles A. Semlin, calling on him to take up the task  of forming an administration abandoned by Mr Beaven and thus explaining  his previous action.  "But, as on the best information I  could obtain it was made to appear to  me that there was no recognized leader  of the party since the general elections  of the 9th ultimo, it being divided into  two factions, supporting the claims  respectively of yourself and Mr. Martin  to the leadership, and having in view  Mr. Beaven's former leadership of the  said party; his long and distinguished  services to the Province, and his great  and widely recognized ability, as a  financier, so much needed in the political financial condition of the Province,  I sent for him on the 5th instant for  advice as to the political situation and  the chances of his being able to reconcile the rival���or supposed rival���factions of   the   ascendant  'party   and  to  stuck over their doors. The wet groceries most of them sell would burn out  a wooden Indians stomach in less than  a century. There is a famous mine  near thecity called Sacavon la Virgen.  The stock of the company is a million  and it is quoted 250 percent, above par.  It is very hot in this mine and the  miners work with scarcely any clothes  on. The best of ore only" is taken out,  and it is sorted by Indian women. The  women work all day for 18 cents while  the miners get twice that amount.  There is considerable machinery at the  mine. Flam a manme is used for fuel.  It costs $12 a ton, and it takes nearly  two tons of it to run a 40-horse power ;  engine for 12 hours.  In Peru there are about 2,000 silver  mines, nearly all not working at the  present time owing to the ldv price of  the white inetal Within a radius of  100 miles in northern Peru there are  100 silver mines, a few of these properties produce a high grade ore running  300 ounces to the ton, and the ore  thrown over the dumps will average  about 17 ounces. The miners are all  Indians, and their pay is $2.80 a week.  The only tools they use are hammers  and drills. Each Indian has a rawhide  sack which he uses to pack the ore to  the surface. Most of them can carry  1.50 pounds on their backs. Most of the  ore is reduced to asulphide and shipped  to England for furl her treatment. The  mines of northern Peru produced $38,-  0000,000 worth of silver in 30 years.  Kiltie    riBXI)    AT    ROSEKRY.  R. E. Brown, the capitalist, and party  came in by special train from Sandon,  remaining* for a few days, afterward  proceeding* to Kaslo.  R. C. Campbell-Johnston, the well-  known mining man, visited the town  this week. It is understood he represents large English capital.  The many friends of J. J. Ullman.  one of our enterprising citizens, express  deep sympathy with he and Mrs. Ullman iii the death of their child, which  occured en route from Portland, Ore.  The Alemeda, adjoining* the Northern  Belle,"   "     _"  is the making  ing   from present <ir,^cuH..v^,  being about 14 inches of clean ore and  fullv two feet of concentrates.  belonging* to  the same company,  of a good property judg-  appearances," there  NEW, DENVER   ITEMS.  A destructive blaze occurred at Rosebery Monday night, resulting from  sparks flying from the brush fire close  by. Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Chambers,  quite an elderly couple, lost everything  they owned in the burned shack and  barely escaped with one change of  clothing. Mr. Chambers came to Rosebery Saturday to work on the new tug  boat being constructed there by the  C.P.R., and he had spent Monday putting the house in shape for living. They  had brought with them S800 worth of  goods, clothing, furnishings, tools, etc.,  all of which was consumed, together  with S200 in cash. It was with difficulty  that Mrs. Chambers roused her husband  in time to escape the blaze.  THE    COSGvKOVE    COMPANY.  Of this company of popular entertainers, which will appear in Clever's hall  next Thursday and Friday evenings,  Sept. 8 and 9, the press speaks very  highly.    For instance:  "The Cosgrove Company should feel  proud of the reception received at the  The K. of P. annual ball to-night  promises to be a great success.  Three hundred dollars would build  and equip New Denver's fire hall  Church of England services on Sunday next, Sept, 4th, at 11 a.m. and 7:30  p.m.  Silver and lead are climbing upward  and it's only a question of time when  we will all wear diamonds.  The old steps leading to the Newmarket boat landing have been replaced  by new ones, six feet wide and of a very  substantial character.  The arrival of tlie first rain of the  season on schedule time has greatly advanced the crop prospects, and the  fanners about New Denver are wearing smiles.  A rumor has been circulated for the  past week that a new election is likely  to be called for October. Premier Semlin has declared there is no foundation  for such a report.  A rumor is afloat of the death of Eli  Carpenter in the North-West Territories. With Pete McNichols Carpenter  left the Slocan for the Klondike early  in the life of the gold craze.  Harry Strickland, the genial manager  of Bourne Bros, store here, is enjoying  a visit from his two boys,who are direct  from Paris, Ont. They will spend a  month or six weeks with their papa.  J. C. Harris, who recently sold the  Bosun mine to the Northwest Mining  Co., has purchased from W. Thomlinson the building and ground at east  end of lot 12 and 13, adjoining the Bank  of Montreal.  Walter J. Spaul came in from Palace,  B.C., Saturday and spent several days  with his many friends here. The local  K. of P. lodge tendered him a striking-  recognition of his valuable services  while a member of the lodge during his  stay in New Denver. An address was  delivered him, also a Past Chancellors  jewel.. He left Tuesday to take charge  of th-st-booka foi* -^enel.le's saw-raill ngar  Robson.'-*'   - '��� '7>':''-. '���'*-������       .'*.<:' ���'���  '   **"  great importance to the. company. By  this charter a line of about 53 miles in  length will be built from the southern  extremity of Kootenay lake to the international boundary, where it will  connect by means of "branches with both  the Great" Northern and the Northern  Pacific railway systems. It is practically certain that "the Government will  never again grant a charter to a company which enable it to connect with  American roads. Without this charter  Kootenay would practically have been  helpless in the hands of the C.P.R. It  will now enjoy the advantages of com-  getition, and when Sir YVilliam Van  [orne and "Jim" Hill commence bidding for freight, rates will get down to  a fair working basis.  It is impossible to over-estimate the  advantages which will accrue to Southern B.C. through this amalgamation.  The already large shipments from the  Slocan mines will be increased, as the  haulage to the smelters at Pueblo and  Everett being considerably shortened  the rates will be correspondingly decreased and lower-grade ore can be  shipped. It is a wonderful testimony  to the high value of these silver-lead  ores that they have been able to pay a  g*ood profit���"in .many cases ��10 a toil���  to the mine owners when sent to the  smelters by so costly and circuitous a  route.  The Bedlington line, when completed,  will tap a  very rich mineral country,  and the rapid developments which will  commence at   once   will  provide most  profitable   business   for   the   company  directly the   line   is   completed.   The  smelters  at   Pueblo,  Everett, Omaha,  etc.,  being anxious to   obtain Slocan  ores as   a   flux,   are   prepared to pay  accordingly therefor.    Thus, in spite of  local eompetitien in the future the great  majority of the silver-lead ores will be  carried over this road, insuring a good  profit   to the   company.    Mr.   George  Alexander is to be congratulated on the  combination he has effected, especially  as the price paid for the Kaslo & Slocan  seems to be unusually moderate.    This  line was built iu 1895',  the capital being  mainly   found  by  Mr. "Jim ' Hill,  the  most astute of railway men.   The company pay for  this  line   $210,000  in debentures   or    cash,    and   ��250,ouo    in  shares.  'The remainder  of the  shares  are taken in  payment by the, Kootenay  Construction  Company,   who acquired  the Bedlington charter,  and  the International Navigation  Company  in payment for their  steamers,   wharves, etc.  Thus it will In;  observed   that   none of  the vendors  stipulate,  for   cash.    The  balance of tin;  debentures  will be devoted   to   constructing the 53 miles of  railway  between   Bonner's  Ferry  and  Sand Point and the southern extremity  of Kootenay lake.  Although tlie owners of the Kaslo &  Slocan Railway possess half the shares  of the company, the preponderating  interest will remain with the English  debenture-holders, so no uneasiness  need be felt on this score. We further  learn that the chief engineer of the  Great Northern will be allowed to superintend the construction ofthe new road,  aud the thoroughly good understanding  which appears to exist between this  company and the systems controlled  by Mr. '���Jim" Hill shows that at the  eleventh hour Kootenay is to be saved  from the curse of railway monopoly.���  B.C. Review, London.  al has the following in reference to the  matter:  "In your editorial article of the 2nd  inst. a paragrph appeared rather unfavorable, and certainly incorrect, as  regards the mines of this favored and  loyal country, British Columbia.  "Though the information came from  an expert whose opinion 'you value and  whose reputation and ability you have  the greatest confidence in,' and who,  no doubt, deserved it in the past, by his .  present statement he must forfeit some  of the confidence which you have placed  in him when he asserted that there  were no mines in British Columbia,  though he allows there are good surface  prospects to be seen. He speaks for  British Columbia. It is a big place!  and as he, perhaps, knows a difficult  country to get over! I shall not take  the whole of that country-to refute'his  assertion, and shall not enter the domain of the La Roi and War Eagle,  nor Sil ver King.  To show, that this specialist is wrong,  I will simply take the Slocan country,  where I have been for the past two  months, and supply you with a fewfacts  and figures, viz:���  Payne Mine... .-5800,000 in dividends in 18 months  Slocan Star  i00,000"i  Reco.  387,500 1    Since mines opened  Idah  2(it,000 f   about two year3 ago.  Whitewate  190.000 J  London and British Columbia Gold-  fields, Limited, now own Whitewater.  Report of this company was published  recently showing over half million in  sight;   Enterprise:   Has four tunnels,  2,210 ft.,   running   on   vein, and   has  shipped  ore.   Queen  Bess:   A  lot   of  tunn^llino*   and   ore   shipped.     Ruth:  3,500 ft. of tunnelling (main) with crosscuts. No. 4.   These' and   many others  are in the Slocan district.   A man, who  was no mining expert, but possessed  the dual qualities of mineralogist and  logician,   defined   a  mine  as follows:  'The existence of a mine is not known  until ore is extracted or shown to exist  in   sufficient   quantities  and value to  warrant extracting within the boundary of   the   claim located.    Until then  the location is a prospect, and the mere  existence ot shafts or tunnels,  inclines  or stoping on the vein,  no matter how  extensive they may be, is no evidence  of a mine of value.' A vein is the work  of nature; a mine is the result of man's  handiwork  in disclosing mineral contained in the vein.'   And when a little  more capital is thrown into this countrv  you may rest assured that mineral will  be   disclosed   that  will   help   to make  mines in the widest and most comprehensive sense of the word.    But  even  with limited capital there are mines in  British Columbia.  THE   PROHIBITION    PLEBISCITE.  Summary of  Regulations to  Govern the  Polling on  September 29th.  A brief resume of the provisions of  the Prohibition Plebiscite Act, 1898,  under which the polling is to take place  throughout the Dominion on September  29th, will be timely in view of the  awakening of public interest in the  matter.  The question submitted to the electors  is as follows: "Are you in favor of the  passing of an act prohibiting the importation, manufacture or sale of spirits,  wine, ale, beer, cider, and all other alcoholic liquors for use as beverage?"  and the conduct of the election is to be  the same, as nearly as may be, as in the  case of a general Dominion election,  the ballot papers are to be in the following form :  Vert. ! Xc  Aivyuu in favor of the ������Rssiii(.  nf an Aei iiroliihiliiii.-* iln* im  portut ion. iiiiiimfaclun- or sale  of snirits, wine, ale, beer, cider  and all other aleoholk- li<|iior.s  for use as a beverage V  AVE    HAV  MINES.  The Mining World, published in London, recently contained an article  stating* that there were many prospects  but nb-mines in B.C. A correspondent  writing from New Denver to that journ-  Two agents, to be appointed by the  returning officer will attend each polling station and at the counting of the  votes, on behalf of both the affirmative  and negative sides, i e., four in all;  such agents not being entitled to any  remuneration from the public treasury.  In case no such agents are appointed  any two electors may act on either side,  upon making* a declaration that they are  interested in and desirous of obtaining  an affirmative or negative answer, as  the case may be; to the question.  The ballot papers are to be marked  by voters with the usual X; those desiring prohibition placing the mark in the  first.and those opposing it in the second,  column. The votes will be counted in  the manner provided in the Dominion  Elections Act, and the returning officer  is to declare the number of votes cast  on each side, and immediately after the  sixth day following the count, forward  his declaration to the Clerk of the Crown  in Chancery, delivering two certified  copies of such return to agents representing* the opposing interests.' THE LEDGE, NEW DKNVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 1,1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ���?.'*.���>  Six "         1.25  Twelve "          2.00  Three veaes  5.00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every partof the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  TBURSDAY, SEPTEMBE 1.  1898.  SCRAPS FROM THE  EDITOR'S IJ-KSTC,  Canada still needs a mint. Can  we not find another Mulock to bring  the matter to a successful.point?  Poker has been forbidden in Vienna because it is a game of chance,  and cold feet in that country are  almost extinct.  If all signs do not fail we will soon  have 90 cent silver, and then we'uris  of the Slocan will have quail on toast  every other day.  The people who have rushed into  the Klondike in search of a few barrels of yellow dust are beginning to  .realize that gold is where you find it.  Instead of having an office in the  fashionable part of London it should  be in the business centre, where  moneyed people would be able to see  it. "With a large show window filled  with ore samples from all over the  Province, and plenty of information  always on hand the effect would be  very beneficial, especially if the man  in charge understood his business,  It may be intra dig to make a vulgar  display, but blowing your own horn  is a sure way to attract attention.  The B.C. Government should not be  so utterly nice in Lonton. Attract attention even if you have to hire a  brass band. The country is rich  enough to back any kind of an  advertisement.  knew by the tone of his voice that he  was a villian in disguise. He went  on to say how long he had been saved  and that he did not care whether he  had a dollar or not. He was perfectly  satisfied with his life for he knew  Jesus loved him, and had washed his  sins away. After he had worked  himself into a frenzy, another brother  arose and said, "Brothers and sisters,  we had better bring this meeting to a  close. Some peopfe mistake perspiration for inspiration." The first deacon was crushed, and as we wended  our way from the church we wondered  if those two deacons would assay high  in brotherly love for each other.  -n-,n^-inii^*iTOi,iiii>ii  Silver reached $100 an ounce in  London this summer. An Elizabethan seal-top silver spoon, weighing one ounce and a half was recently  sold for $150.  This is a wonderful age. Rubber  can now be made out of corn. A process may yet be discovered whereby  some of the Kootenay newspaper men  can be made into editors.  There is room in Canada for a  stringent law in reference to the  adulteration of food and drink. Our  legislators would do well to turn  some of their valuable attention in  that direction.  Rev. C. T. Atwood, a preacher in  Missouri, was engaged to marry 17  girls all at the one time. Such a  thing might be done in that State,  but it would have to be the other way  in the glorious Kootenay country.  Tobacco heart is caused by the  excessive smoking of tobacco. It can  easily be cured by stopping the cause.  If allowed to run on death will cure  it by killing the victim. It is principally caused by smoking Havana  cigars, and no one has had it in New  Denver for over a year.  A ragged  old   tramp   with  over  $200,000 upon his person was arrested  in Paris, France, the other day.   He  was sent to an insane asylum until  the police find out who he is.   We  know him.    He is the fellow   who  went through our clothes this summer  when we were in  swimming,    The  Parisian  police can forward us the  wad, and  we will, pay  the express  charges. ______  Some of the mine owners in Colorado  are employing negroes at less wages  than white miners will work for. By  holding out for living wages thousands of people in that state are nearly starving. More than ever it  behooves working men to stand together and shut out everything in  the shape of scabs. If they do not  the day is not far distant when white  slavery will be the order of the day,  and miners of the great west will not  be much better than the Indians who  work in the mines of South America  for less than 10 cents a day.  DANGEROUS   OCCUPATION.  Mining is a dangerous occupation  and should be well paid.   Scarcely a  day passes in Kootenay but we read  of some miner being, hurt or killed.  Talking about this the other day a  miner said  to us:     "You bet,  it is  risky   working under   ground.    In  Colorado one time I had a contract  sinking an incline shaft.  My partner  and I were busy  pounding the drill  when the cable  attached to the skip  broke, and we could hear it running  down the shaft at a terrific speed.   I  thought it was all up with us and the  cold chills chased each other down  my back in a hasty manner.   As luck  would have it the   skip got jammed  in the timbers about 20 feet above  us.   The accident shut off the pump  and the water began to rise upon us.  We kept climbing to the best of our  ability until we  got underneath the  skip when the boys on the other side  got us out.   I only had three feet more  of my contract to run, but I hired another man to do my share of the work,  and for  many a   day I kept away  from mining.   I shall   never forget  the terror  that animated my frame  until the timbers caught the skip and  saved our lives."  The Crow's Nest Railway should  have been built without a money  bonus from Canada. The coal lands  should have been more than enough  to have paid the C.P.R. to build the  line. The following from the Toronto  Mail throws some light on subject:  Soon after the Laurier Government  took office, the Toronto Globe began  a heated campaign looking to the  granting of a subsidy for the Crow's  Nest Pass Railway. Now there has  come to hand the report of the Crow's  Nest Pass Coal Company, of which  the Globe directors are also directors.  According to this report, the Globe  secured an interest in a local charter  for a road through the Pass. The  Globe then advocated the building of  a railway by the Canadian Pacific.  The Government having been induced to give the $3,630,000 Federal  subsidy, the Globe people sold their  rights to the Canadian Pacific Railway for $85,000 cash, reserving coal  lands estimated at $1,415,000.  THE   OUEBEC    CONFERENCE.  Last week at Ottawa was witnessed  the opening of what is believed will  be the most important conference that  has ever taken place between the  United States and Canada. A despatch from London states that keen  interest has been excited in government circles there by telegrams stating that the United States delegates  will refuse to proceed with the Quebec conference unless Canada foregoes  the British preferential tariff. The  opinion is firmly expressed that whatever the finality Canada has gone too  far on pro-British lines to yield on  this vital point.  There is no probability that the  United States delegates will make any-  such demand.   Most of the questions  which are to come before the com  mission  are questions which, in the  interest of both countries, ought to be  settled for  all   time   to come.    The  bonding question between the   two  countries   will   come  up;   also   the  Alaskan boundary  will  have to be  defined.   The alien labor question,  which has caused such severe criticism during the past year,   must be  settled;   the  Atlantic fisheries question will be considered; also the question of Canada's proprietary rights in  the seals   of   Behring sea.   But the  trade question is the most important  and will be the most difficult of settlement.   We doubt if any agreement  can be reached on this point, tor the  United States  will not likely give  Canada any  better tariff measures.  and unless the manufacturers of Canada are  allowed   to Renter unbound  into the market there in competition  with their manufacturers they will  not be allowed to enter Canada on  any more liberal terms than now.  perspiration,   not inspiration.  The editor of this  paper intends to  make a journey  east in a few weeks  for the purpose of studyiug the. way3  of the tenderfoot.    While in the cent  belt of this great and glorious Canada  of ours we will picture life as we find  it in a series of letters to New Denver's   leading   journal.    As our expenses will   be very  heavy all  our  backward subscribers would do us a  favor by putting what they owe us  under our door.    The size of the time  we will have will only be limited by  the size of our sack.    Thousands of  our relatives and others are  waiting  to see us, and we  trust that we will  return   alive.    During our   absence  gentle reader, do not forget to advertise early and often,  and remember  that God never made a nobler creature than the man who always pays  the printer.  Nearly every mining country in  the world, except B. C, is advertised  in London. The B. C. government  has an office somewhere in that great  city but scarcely anyone hears of it.  Religion has many  beautiful features and many  exponents.     There  are   over a thousand  kinds in the  world, and each church thinks it has  the best route to heaven.     As a rule  we have not felt  at home in church.  Most of parsons will drive a man to  insomnia, and this we do not think is  polite in public.    Once in a while a  service is to be  met with that is just  the   reverse of   the ordinary.     One  night in Toronto, years ago, we were  attracted by a band of singers in front  of a hall on Richmond street.     That  city is noted for its churches and the  citizens pray to Jesus all day Sunday  while during the week many ofthem  scheme for the best of everthing.   In  the hall above mentioned  we found  an evangelist telling the congregation how wicked  they  were.     This  was nothing new  to us,   as  we had  heard   tlie   same   story   previously ���  However, we were so impressed with  the speaker's eloquence  that we concluded to stay after tlie  main show,  especially as the  collection plate had  not been passed  around.     It was the  first time in our  experience that we  had seen this  important function left  out at a church  service.     The fact  impressed  us,   and  we  thought the  milleninm was in sight.    As  we sat  in our seat   listening   to   the sweet  singers a young man approached us  and asked  us  if we wanted   to be  saved.    We said yes, please, and the  nice young  man  said  he  had been  saved in Chicago and requested us to  take hold of his hand.    After we had  held on.for some  time he wanted to  know if we felt the  power.     We admitted that we did not, and the young  man had to turn away with a sad expression in his dreamy eyes.    At this  point an old  man  rose  from his seat  near the penitent  bench and commenced to throw his hands in the air  and tell us how good he  was.   We  THE    HOME    COMING.  We must get home���for we have been away  So long, it seems forever and a day !  And 0,so very homesick we have grown,  Tlie laughter of the world is like a moan  In our tired hearing, and its songs as vain���  We must get home���we must get home again !  We must get home :   All is so quiet there ;  The touch of loving hands on brow and hair-  Dim rooms, wherein the sunshine is made mild-  The lost, love of the mother and the child-  Restored in restful lullabies of rain -  We'must get home���we must get home again !  ���James Witcomb Riley.  GREEN    BANKS    OP    A    RIVER.  Green banks of a river, an' takin' of my ease���  Fur-off sounds of cattle bells���honey-liuntin' bees,  An' blossoms drappin' roun' *-you when thc wind  creeps through the trees-  Green banks of a river���do jest as you please���  Friend to all the singin' birds aud brother to the  breeze.  No bullets whizzin' round me���no forts to shell  an'seize���  Green banks of a river, an' takin ' of mv ease.  Green banks of a river: clover to vour knees  In medders cool with sliadders���the blossoms an'  the bees���  The singin'of the mockin' birds���the "howdy'  of the trees���  Green banks of a river, an' takin'of my easy.  _  _   ���Atlanta Constituion.  Midkiff���I   wonder why women are  seldom good poker players?  7 Mumaw��� I think it is because most  of them have cold feel all the time.  1898 1898  Provincial  EXHIBITION  Under the Direction of lhe  Royal  Agricultural and  Industrial Society of  British Columbia  'Oct. 5 to 13, inclusive  lit Xew Westminster,  In   conjunction   with   the  Citizens' Grand  Vearly   Celebration.....  airak of Montr  Established 1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :   :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Royal, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  ���       E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager:  PVT^B9H^H'^r>lQKH,|Vfir,^H ^  Reliable assays  at Moderate  Prices  Through an arrangement .with  MIXES AND MINERALS, we  are enabled to oflei all, who pay  CASH IN ADVANCE for a  year's subscription to THE  LEDGE clubbed with MINES  AND MINERALS, Five Coupons entitling the .subscriber to  Five assays for  Gold and Silver,  Copper, Iron or Lead.  These assays will be made at  the MINES AND MINERALS  Assay Office,Scranton, Pa..and  are guaranteed as reliable and  accurate as it is possible to have  made anywhere. Prompt returns will be made in all cases.  Regular subscription to Mines and Mincralr, J-2.00  Regular subscription to The Ledge,   -   - : -2.no  S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  ���si.oo  Clubbing Kate, including assays, $S,83  If you wish to see Minks and Minerals before  taking up this offer, send for.a free sample copy  to Scranton, Pa.-, mentioning The Ledge.  ; .-j;*   .:������!,m<   vs:*-������*. R..T. LOWERY.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MIXING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD and BONDED.   INVITED-���  Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H. T/BRAG DON,  New Denver, B.C.  -. i - f  WPPOwO  #.ajiKi*  **  Druggist  ar\d  ���^fyfeWafer, )|>. <g>.  i����&Q��Q&&  We do what we advertise to do.  "In time of Peace prepare  for War."  How are your  Mattresses?  Heavy and, Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders'and Con tractors'  Supplies, ,  -  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks*'of  Hardware in .West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  n myllrie:    ���'"������*������        .....v,.-.-  ^S   yk   7ft   7ft   yk   vA  Sandon, B.C.  npniS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  ��9��*��*��5-*li  The Clifton House,  If they want "making  ���new springs���  ticking ��� new  and excelsior���  is the time to  have it done. Don't  wait for cold weather.  over  new  wool  now  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a largo number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided witli everything  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle3', Prop.  FOR.  Choice Groceries& Provisions  <*����  ON  HAM & CRAWFORD.  SIXTH STREET,       -       -        -        -       -       -       NEW DENVER.  ^��������Prices ai'e right and Goods Always Fresh.  $18,000 in   Prizes  ���mium List is the largest  ever offered west of Toronto  Pyro Spectacular Bombardment of Santiago de Cuba, and  Blowing up  of the '-Maine"  followed by an n]>-to-date Fire  Works   Display,   which   has  been specially secured for four  nights,  ut an   enormous expense.  ���)\-i    Lacrosse      and      Baseball  //y Matches, Bicycle Meet, A<-ua-  ->��-}tic,   Sailor  and    Caledonian  Sports. Promenade Concerts,  Ilorse Races, Dog Show.  Open to the world.  The  finest.    Bands   in   the  Province will provide music.  Special Rates over all railway and stcambo'it lines.  No entrance fee charged for  Exhibits.  For full  information  apply  to���   *  .-:  W.H.EDMONDS,   ���.,  jSec. ,Celebratio;i Cpipmi^tee.("j  WALKER & BAKER,  Now    l>*uriiitiirc Dealers and Kepairers  Denver's     Undertakers and   I'mbiilineis.  N. l!,-\\'c. have I he only practical Undertaker  and Einlmlnier doing business in the Slocan.  j-n    G.  FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  ii pleasant place to stop at when in  Slocan City.  GETHIXG & HENDERSON. Proprietors.  1co3  NOTICE.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Porks, E. C. Weaver  ASSRYE^S OF B. G.  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined    and   reported on  fur   m  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical  Laboratory, Belle-  vue ave. New Denver. B C.  ���jUOTICE is hereby ju'ivcn that 3*> days after date  i\ I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lauds and works"for a special license to cut  and carry away timber from the following de-  crllied lands: "Commencing at a post marked  Prank Hill, southeast corner, on the west side of  Slocan Lake about live miles from the north end,  thence we-t eighty chains, thence north ISJO  chains, thence east eighty chains, thence 120  chains south to starting* point, containing !���("<>  acres. FRANK HILL.  New Denver, B. C. July 30.18! 18.  Goods called  for & Delivered  AUNDRY  iR. A.S. MARS"  A j.  J. M.  Silverton.  M. BENEDUM,  Dentist.  Kaslo. B C  Graduate of American Collegeof Dental Surgery  Chicago __  GWILLIM & JOHNSON.  (MeGill)  Mining Engineers  .& Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City,  BO  WAIN TED.  Industrious man of character to travel and appoint agents.   Salary and expenses paid.  BRADLEY-G 4.RRETSON COMPANY.Limited  Toronto.  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly "satisfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ^-��"Rates furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El JDorada Ave.  M�� L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc  Sandon, B. C. Fifth Yeae.  THE LEDGKE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPT EMBER X. 1898.  DREAMING.  Dis is gospel weathah sho ���  Hills is sawt o' hazy.  Meddahs level ez a flo'  Caliin' to de lazy.  Sky all while wif streaks o' blue.  Sunshine softly gleamin',  D' ain't no wukhit's right to do,  Notliiu's right but dreamin'.  Dreamin' by de rivah side  Wif de wataha glist'nlu'  Feelin' good an' satisfied  Ez you lay a-list'nin'  To the little naked bovs  Splashiu' in de watah,  Hollerin' fu' to spreas deir joys  Jes' lak' youngsters ought to.  Squir'l a-tippin'on his toes,  So's to hide an' view you;  Whole flocks o' camp-meetin' crows  Shoutin' hallelujah. ...  Peekaliwood erpon de tree  Ta]>pin' lak' a hammah ;  Jabbird chattin' wif a bee,  Tryin' to teach him grammah.  Breeze is blowin' wif perfume,  Jes'enough to tease you;  Hollyhocks is all in bloom,  Smellin'fu'to please you.  Go 'way folks, an' let. me lone,  Times is gettin1 dearah���  Summah's settin' on de th'oncs.  An' I'm a-layin' neali huh !  IISDKB   TWO    FLAGS.  Chicago Times.  To pass within a few minutes' space  from a glad city, beneath the Stars  and Stripes, to a sleepier one, over which  tlie Union Jack waves; to go from a  palpitating, impulsive nation, hungry  for the news of battle, to a land where  the war bulletins command but languid  interest; to feci andknaw this difference  in the essential things oi patriotic creed,  yet to hear the same language, behold  the same racial types, and to perceive.no  geographical division, this is to go from  the United States into Canada.  Travelline* in Europe there is an interesting and sometime irritating quality in  too progressive along certain sociologic  lines, for in Canada the "platform woman" is not in favor, and the suffrage is  unwaveringly in the hands of one sex.  Or perhaps it is that there is a sure inclination of any ���'Lady Bountiful" to be  a bit patronizing, and the sturdy Oan-  adion hates being patronized. However  that may be, it is certain that of all  Governors-General and their wives, Lord  and Lady Dufferin have been the only  ones to meet with approval���absolute  from all sorts arid conditions in Canada.  The Princess Louise, Queen's daughter  though she was, was cordially disliked,  the Marquis of Lome respectfully tolerated. Yet he is a fine fellow, and never  a Governor-General there but had been  distinguished for his merits. It is a  high diplomatic office, but it must have i  its drawbacks, even to the most adven-1  turous.  ' The Aberdeens have done an enormous  amount of good in the Dominion, both  by charity and kindly influence. But  Canadians are not at any time given to  slums or pauperism, and the sturdy  Scotch and English stock which has peopled many of the provinces will not  admit poverty if it has it. To be poor is  no disgrace, to own it and accept relief  is degradation, so their creed runs. And  it is a good creed, albeit one apt to make  helivers turn savage and snarl at  "Ladies' Bountiful."  a detriment to the mining industry. In  Colorado it is necessary to do $100 worth  of work on a claim before it can be re  corded, , And it is an admirable law. It  makes a man show his good faith when  he makes a location, and it works to the  advantage of everybody interested. In-  steady of every foot of .ground being staked off and not a pound of rock or earth  disturbed, there is a chance for an energetic man to get in on a claim.  "The Washington law retards progress  and stops work. The conscientious prospector is often practically kept out of a  district by men who hold dozens of  claims simply for speculative purposes.  Whatever merit the present law possesses it has been sadly abused."  South    Africa's   Mineral   Wealth.  THE   DUDES BEFORE   SANTIAGO.  THlfl    NEW  EXALTATION  MAN.  OF   AVO-  the endless shifting from petty kingdom  to kingdom, from empire to principality,  with all the boredom of customs and  differing languages. The illogical person  feels that even a careful arrangement of  the map does not warrant all this annoyance; that a country to stand by itself  , should be somewhat isolated. That an  ocean or so, or maybe a range of mountains, should interfere to prevent two  nations being coterminous. Something  of the same sensation obtains, when the  American traveller glides easily and al  moat imperceptibly from Michigan into  Ontario.    7  There is the broad band of the river,  but it seems less a division than a link, a  clasp on the fair girdle of the green landscape. Dotting its silver is craft where  the two flags fly in about equal  numbers, and it is hard to realize that  the faw, minutes of a ferryboat ride  makes such a difference in the placing of  patriotism and in the price of whiskey  and cream cheese!  The force of the change is borne in  with the arrival of the morning papers.  The visiting American turns eagerly to  the front page. "Shocking Accident in  Chatham," Canadfans Shoot at Bisley  Camp," "Speech of Sir Louie Dayies Before the British Commission," and so  on. That is what the Canadians are  reading. There is war news there, too,  culm, condensed and just. But it makes  for second place to the ardent colonial  readers. "Of course our sympathies are  with the United States," say the Can-!  adians, "and we hope they will attain a!  swift victory, but, to be absolutely honest, we don't wish to see it too glorious  because then the nation would be more  'cockey' than ever, and that is quite unnecessary !"  So the British prejudice runs yet in  Canadian veins, and the farther east one  goes the stronger the current sets. In  cities of the western peninsula, Chatham,  London, Hamilton, and even Toronto,  there is a warm feeling of brotherliness,  but you go to Ottawa, and from there  travel to Nova Scotia, and you shall find  the Britisher outBritished,while the "annexation" sentiment is too faint and  feeble to be able to cast a shadow.  -Neutrality laws favor Uncle Sam in  every way, and volunteers to the American army and navy have not been interfered with, but the truth is that the  Canadians remain Canadians still, and  if the impetus given to imperialism by  last year's jubilee seems something tin  the wane, then of a surety the tide turns  more steadily toward ultimate independence, but never annexation-ward.  With the rise of British Columbia and  the fortunes of  the Klondike, Miss Canada begins to assume  the dignity which  maturity  and  independence   brings  in  time.    There has  been  no panic in the  Dominion  during   the   past four years,  and there are hopes of a "good time"  not  very  far   ahead.*   Every  Canadian  believes" in his  British Columbia   gold  fields, and as many of him as can possibly go is leaving for the Pacific coast or  sturdily   investing  at   long range.     If  millions are to be  made,  the  Canadian  wants the chance to be a millionaire.   If  he ever gets money lie will know how to  keep it.    Plain living and  hard work is  the Canadian heritage,  for  it has never  been a country of  "booms,"  the North-  West excepted.   During the last session  of parliament British Columbia subjects,  especially Yukon railway bills, held botli  Houses as a steady program,  the Conservatives     in     opposition    vigorously  opposing an enormous grant of gold lands  in the Canadian Yukon to a firm of contractors for the construction ol" a line of  railway into  tlie gold  fields.    The nearness of country to country was, however,  vividly  demonstrated liy  the  fact  that  when the  present   war  broke  out both  sides of  the   House seemed  even  more  interested iu conflict than in the political  questions  before   Parliament,  and    the  sessions soon dwindled  to an attenuated  thread.    Since  then  the pendulum  has  swung around once more,   and the gold  mines are   the   absorbing   topic,   while  the war elicits   only that fitful interest  which  accrues   from  the contiguity  of  coterminous  nations, where  friends are  mutual, and sad hearts are in both countries when the list of killed and wounded is read.  The Aberdeeii3 are leaving Canada  soon, and the people of Ottawa will experience the social excitement which  every five years brings them to welcoming a new Governor and his suite to  Rideau Hall. The first year of a new  Governor-General is always a very gay  one, and the value of "His Excellency"  is largely increased by his ability to  entertain. Yet,in spite of their wealth,  their hospitality and their utter kindliness of heart, Lord and Lady Aberbeen  have never been as popular in Canada as  they would seem to have deserved. Perhaps they, .are too democratic���the  Canadian likes "royalty" to be represented in a very royal  way; or perhaps  The highest type of beauty, so the  critics tell us, is the female forrh divine.  Sculptors and painters' have modelled  and limned it, and poets have sung it  from the very dawn d art.  ' And the highest type of morality is, so  the moral rhapsodists tell us, female  purity.  We, are all taughtto worship the female  form and the virtue of woman:  There is a country adjoining ours  where woman is carefully nurtured and  where she is worshipped. In no country  is so much money spent on the gentler  sex as in the United States. There is  nothing the men of the United States  would not do, the fathers, the brothers of that country would not do, for  their daughters or sisters.  How do these daughters and sisters  repay this devotion ?  Every French soldier, so Napoleon  said, had a marshal's baton in his knapsack, and every girl of promise in the  United States dreams of a coronet, of  marrying a nobleman���English preferred���Of not marrying a United Stateser.  In other words, the Yankee Venus and  Diana want no Yankee Apolio in theirs?  The greatest g'lory that has struck the  United States these days is not that  Spain has been defeated, but that the  daughter of Levi Leiter, of Chicago, is  the wife of the heir to an English title  and is to be vice-reine of India, second  only to the Queen! Every United  States home is tingling with the delicious sensatien, "Old Glory," too, is  waving with delight thereat, and every  United States girl is dreaming of not  marrying in her own country, but out of  it���of marrying some one who is not her  countryman.  We say that we know of no sign of the  time more significant than this: That  the Yankee beauty, who is worshipped  at home, looks abroad, ignores the companion of her brother, dreams of flying  off to Europe like the Vanderbilt, the  Leiter, the Bradley-Martin, the Gould  daughters, to European titles and European husbands.  And we know of nothing to so much  disgust the manly young American as  this weakness of the girls of his nation,  this preference of theiis for a foreigner  over liim, and of this weakness of the  American press and nation, th'* one to  ladle out and the other to swallow, all  the gush about Consuelo Vanderbilt and  Mrs. Curzon in their "widened spheres  of social influence."  If tlie Yankee boy is not worthy ofthe  Yankee maid, then has the Declaration  of Independence been a failure. If  beauty and purity disdains its own kind,  what can we think of that kind?  The public dearly loves a lord, but the  Yankee girl adores and must have one,  and the Yankee- press and public will  swallow any araoun t of gush each and  and every time she catches one.  "Solon Shingle," the stage embodiment in our boyhood days of the people  to the south of us, used to say, "Eddica-  tion is the creeowning gleeory of the  Younited States." Not so now; the  Marlborough baby is to-day the crowing  glory of our neighbors, and Mary Leiter  as vicereine of India is the apotheosis of  American womanhood, the newer and  more-to-be-desired exaltation of the woman. Indeed, we will not be surprised  :f some of the United States newspaper  gushers will riot stop at the sacrilege of  using the "Hail Mary" of the Angel, in  referring to Mr. Curzon's American wife.  ���Toronto World.  All the world over South Africa is  famous for its diamond mines and its  gold mines. The diamonds are found  principally in Griqualand, north of the  Orange river, now a part of Cape Colony,  but they are also found in the Orange  Free State.   The diamond areas are very  circumscribed,     the    diamond-bearing  "pipes" being supposed  to be craters of  extinct volcanoes.   The principle "pipes"  are at Kimberley (28,718) in Griqualand.  These constitute   the richest diamond  fields fn the world.   It is estimated that  over   $350,000,000   worth   of' diamonds  have been taken out of Kimberley since  their first discovery there in 1867.   The  largest South African diamond yet found  was   v.orth   $300,000,   but many other  large ones have been found. The annual  diamond export now is about $20,000,000.  For 1896, the export was $23,200,000; for  1897, a little less.   The production and  export are strictly limited, so that prices  may not depreciate.   Next in interest to  the diamond fields are the gold mines.  These,   so far,  have been found principally in the South African Republic,  or "Transvaal," as it is popularly called  in the "rand" or "reef,"  near   the far-  famed town of Johannesburg (102,078).'  Since gold   was   first  discovered in the  rand (1871). $250,000,000 worth has been  taken out.   The annual output now is  nearly . $50,000,000,  but it is estimated  that before the rand can be exhausted  $2,250,000,000   worth of   gold must be  taken   out���an   amount   much   greater  than the total public debt,of the United  States, national, state and municipal.  But north of the Transvaal, in Rhodesia,  especially in Mashonland,  is a territory  popularly called the "Land of Ophir,"  where mining* operations are only just  begun, but where gold is supposed to be  even  more   richly   stored  than  in  the  Transvaal.   Of this district the newly  built   town   of Salisbury is the center:  Other mineral products of South Africa  are coal iu Natal, mined at .Newcastle,  and copper  in   the   northwest of Cape  Colony, shipped at Port Nolloth.  FUNNY    THINGS.  They scoffed when they lined up with Teddy,  They said we were dudes and all that;  They imagined that "Cholly *" and "Fweddie"  Would faint at the drop of a hat!  But let them look there in the ditches,  Blood-stained by the swells in the van,  And know that a chap may have riches  And still be a man !       "  They said that we'd wilt under fire.  And run if the foeman said "Blood !"  But a fellow may have a rich sire  And still be a patriot, too.'  Look there where we met twice our number.  Where the life-blood of dudes drenched  earth!  The swells who lie in their last slumber  Prove what we were worth !  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Rio .Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: In  Best Basin, McGuigan Creek, near Okanogan  mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, William S. Drewrv, acting as agent for_E.^A. Bielenberg, free miner's  AC1FSC  P  AILWAY  the  They laughed when we said we were going,  They scoffed when we answered the call;  We might do at tennis or rowing,  But as warriors!���oh, no���not at all!  Ah, let them look there in the ditches,  Blood-stained by the dudes in the van.  And learn that a chap may have riches  And still be a. man !  ���Cleveland Leader.  F. Pyman has again commenced to  do business in. New Denver. Bring-  your watches to him when they are out  6f order. Pyman's new building, Sixth  street.   ., days    date hereof to apnly to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvement1;, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further ta ko Notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 27th dav of August, 1898  'W.-S. DREWRY.  Jeanette  Mineral Claim.  AND SOP-PACIFIC LINE.  TO ALL  EASTERN   AND  EUROPEAN POINTS.  TO PACIFIC COAST,  JAPAN,   CHINA   AND  AUSTRALIA.  TO THE RICH and ACTIVE  MINING DISTRICTS OP  Willie���Do grown "people evei* get  childish?  Mamma���Yes; in old age.    Why?  Willie���'Cause, when papa was trying  to find the electric bell last night he  hollered, "Button, button, who's got the  button?"  Lady��� Really, now, are these eggs  fresh?  Grocer���Ma-dam, if you will kindly  step to the telephone and call up our  farm, you can hear the hens that laid  those eggs still cackling.  Parson Belcher���It hab been siggest-  ecl, Brudder Warts, datBrudder Brown  relieve yo' ob de duties ob passin' de  plate.  Brother Warts��� I hopes dey ain't no  suspicions ob man honesty?  Parson Belcher���No, Bfuddah; but as  yo'am a shoemaker by trade, an'hab  ino' or less shoemaker's wax on yo'  fingahs, de vestry ob dis chu'ch am  affeered dat mo' or less nickels mought  stick to 'em byacciderit-v-dat's why,sah.  Mrs. Gossipel���So young Mr. Benedict  has taken a wife. Dear me, and only  24. What could have induced him to  take such a course?  Mrs. Gossiper���My dear, I fancy it  runs in thc blood. I hoar that his  father and mother before him were  married.  Reasonable  Prices  and the best and freshest line of  Groceries,  Canned Goods,  Fine Teas and coffees  Are the rule at  T. H. Hoben's  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Four  miles east of Ro.sebery, east of Wilson creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twifig,  agen.t for Frank Kelly, Free Miner's Certificate No. 12087A, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certiiicate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  Anti further take notice that action, under  ���section 37. must be commenced'before the  issuance of such certiiicate of Improvements.  Dated this 25th day of August, 1808.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Silver   Hell   No.   '4   anil   Dump  Jtiiioial OliiiniH.  Fraction  -'PAKE  1   acting  F. A. Pollock,  BROOKLYN, B. C.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of *t\,cst  .Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining tlie Surprise, Keno and Gladstone  mineral claims, in Best Basin, McGuigan  creek.  NOTICE that I, William S. Drcury,  v. is agent for the Native Silver Bell  Mining Company, Limited,* ol* Rossland. 13. C,  Free Miner's Certiiicate No. 13145A, intend  sixty davs from the date hereof to apply to tbe  Mining "Recorder for a certificate or improvements for the purpose of obtaining* a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before thc issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th day of August, 1898.  W. S. DREWRY.  Black Fox, Red Fox,   Grey Wolf,   Black  Bear, Black Fox Fraction, Bed Fox  Fraction,   Grey    Wolf  Fraction,  and    Black     Bear     Fraction  Mineral    Claims.  SHORTEST  AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  Klondike  and the Yukon,  Close connections and no trouble.  Through tickets issued and Baggage checked  to destination.  THI I'PIQTV    PASS REVELSTOKE  1  Si'-: "ili?- ' f    DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  OAR.Q      DAILY (except Wednesday)  w/-M ��tj       TQ EASTERN CANADIAN  and U. S. POINTS.  Daily train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding  8:4:��. a. m. Arrives New Denver Canyon Siding  ��:SO p in.  Boat connection daily (except Sunday; via  Rosebery: Leaves New Denver 8.35 a. m;  arrives New Denver -1 p. in.  Ascertain present REDUCED RATES  and full information by addressing nearest  local agent or���  G.B.GARRETT,  W. F. Anderson, Trav. V  K. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt  Agent New Denver,  ass. Agt., Nelson.  ., Vancouver.  Xiar'jA.ll sensible people travel via C. P. Ry and  Dealer in  and  Cigars,  Tobaccoes,  Stationery.  ^-Mail  attention.  orders    receive   prompt  Situate in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located: In  Cariboo Creek Camp, north of Snow Creek.  "PAKE NOTICE that I, A. P. Patrick, acting  JL as agent for The Silver Queen Mining Co.,  Limited Liability, Free Miner's Certificate No.  10742A, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this loth day of August, 1898.  A. P; PATRICK.  L. 2817 G-. 1.  Constant Mineral Claim.  k  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:  On Cody  Creek and  adjoining the Bolnndcr mineral  claim, L. 2143 G. 1,  TAKE NOTICE that I, A. S. Farwell, as agent  1    for A. W. McCune. P.M. C. 01727,   W. L.  Hoge, P. M. C. 8.408(5, E.  V. McCune, F. M. C.  8,*)322,   intend,    sixty    days    from    the   date  hereof,    to    applv     to    the     Mining   Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant ofthe  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this llth day of July, 1898.  A. S. FARWELL.  Altuvus, Alps  mid Alps Fraction Mineral  Claims.  W.  S. Deewhy  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twigg  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil anti Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  tfgTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  AGENTS.  lain just starting the best thing (or money"  making you have seen for many a day. Your  name and address will bring the golden information.  T. If. LINSCOTT. Toronto  ff^ fffff^fffff ^ff f f ffff f f f $f f f-ffff-ff  MONOPOLY    OK    CLAIMS.  Republic Pioneer.  J. D. Curtis, a mining man from Denver, came in from the south half this  week, after spending two weeks in that  section. "1 tun thoroughly disgusted  with the mining laws of this state," he  said, "and the sooner they are radically  changed the hetter it will be for the mining business. Tlie law as it stands is the  most vicious one on the books. It permits land grabbing, and no railroad company was ever more greedy or grasping  than many of the prospectors 1 liave encountered on this trip.  "Go where you may on the south half  ami at this early date you will find that  nearly all the sections  that give any indications of carrying mineral, have been  staked.    I. came   across   one man  who  boasted   of having   30 claims,  another  witli 27, and  another  with  so many he  had to   haul   out a  book and count his  holdings.    None of   these   fellows   had  done a day's work in the way of developing, and  one of   them  had not had an i  assay made; said he couldn't  afford it; j  and I guess he spoke the.truth.   These I  very men, by their own confessions,  ad- j  mitted they did not intend to work any i  of their claims; they would simply hold :  them, and see what someone else might |  develop.   One old  snoozer put it this i  way: I  " '1 hev tree claims up agin one as is !  bein' prospected by a rich Spokane guy,  and I guess he's got a good t'ing. He'll  want one ov my claims to dump on, and  it'll cost him a few ter git it. Then J'ye  got a water right thet some'ne 'ill need,  an' I don't t'ink I'll give it away.'  "Those are the class of men who are  HOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. 0. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing* Mills."  ^<%/%/&%^/��/&<^/%/%^ /% /%/%^w&to/%^/^ \  The  Situated  in the Slocan Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  On divide between  Wilson Creek and north  fork Carpenter Creek.  'PAKE NOTICE  that I,   Herbert T.    Twigg,  1    a tent for the Golden Canyon Gold and Silver  Mining Company, Free Miner's Certiiicate No.  .'J2U52A, intend, (It) days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements fortlic purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of tho above claims.  And,    further   take    notice,   that  action  under    section    37,   must    he"    commenced  before the issuance of such certificate of Im  provements.  Dated this 18th day of August 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Apis Mineral  Claim.  Situate in tbe Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.     Where iocatcd:  About  thrce-tjuarters of a mile from Sandon and  adjoining the Slocan Belle mineral claim.  ���"PAKE NOTICK   that  we,  E. M.   Sandilands.  1    free miner's certiiicate No. in:!2A, June 1st.'  1898, Sandon; and .J. 1-1. Gray, freo miner's certiiicate No. 4527a, August 22d" 1897. Kaslo. intend  sixtv days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate  of  improvements,  for  the purpose of obtaining ,-i  Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this llth dav ol August. 1898.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  of cars between Nelson and Rossland  and Spokane and Rossland.  Direct Route to the  Mineral District of the Col-  villo Reservation,   Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points,  DAILY  SERVICE.  Leave. Arrive*.-  6:20 a.m.        NELSON       5:35 p. m  12:05 "        ROSSLAND     11:20a. ra*  8:30 a.ra.      SPOKANE      3:10 p.m  Train leaving Nelson at 8:30 a. m. make close  connections at Sjiokane.with trains for all  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  KASLO & SLOGAN RY  TIME. CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 00 A.M.  "    8 3G '���  "    il SO "  "    J) 51 "  '��� 10 03 "  " 10 18 "  ���' 10 38 "  10 SO "  Ar'r.  Leave, 11.00 a.m  Arrive, 11.20   "  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  Whitewater  Bear Lake  McGuigan  Cody Junction "      l  Sandon Leave 1  P.M  Conductor Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Twin  Lakes Basin.  ���"PAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twigg,  1 agent for William H. Elson.Pree Mincr'scei*-  tificafe No.'!8">'iA, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply lo the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements  Drtteci tills astli day'of Jul v. isns.  HERBERT T.  T\vrG<;  Mollie Hughes,   Real  Idea No. 'i,  Pinto,  Tryon, anil  Kinkora Mint-rul Cluim-..  Arrive, 3 50  3 15 "  ''���      2 15 "  ;i       o CO "  "      1 48 "  1 33 "  12 "  00 "  CODY    LINE.  ��� Sandon-��� Arrive, 11.45 a.m  ��� Cody   ���   Leave, 11.25 a,in  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For cliean railroad and steamship, tickets tc  and from all points, apply to  S.  CAMPBELL,      " Agent, Sandon.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  &TRADINOC0.,  LTD.  Summer Time Card effective June 20, 1808.  Subject to change without notice.  SS.   INTERNATIONAL.  South Bound North Bound  Read down. Reatl up.  SAxnox  Train lvs Daily. l.Oti pin   Train ar daily 10.50 am  KASI.O.  " ar *' *i.l5 pm Train lv *' S 00 am  tlHoat lv 3.3(i am ���Kaslo��� Boat ar 8.30 pm~  2.       "      1.30 am    Ainsworth "      7.30 pm"2  C      ���'     5.00 am    Pilot Bay "      ti.45pm5  d       "     5.30 am      Balfour "     d.io pm33  gBoat ar ��.4ii am, Five Mile Pt       "     5.23 pm ��  -       '*     7.15 am      Nelson " lv 4.45 pm''**  eTrain ;trli*.05am Northport Train Iv 1.55 pmj>>  =       ���'      1120 am   Rossland "    12.05 purs  3lopm    Spokane  8.30 amc  Read down.  SS.  ALBERTA.  Read up.  Sandon  Daily train lv 7,im pm        Daily train ar 10.50 am  Kaslo  ���*ii* 3.45 pm ������        lv  8.00 am  v5.iKipin M.o&T Boat ar 1.00 pni  0.20pm Ainsworth Boat ar J 1.40 pin_  i.tKipin   Pilot Bay        "      11 tiO pm C  ���f. ~  'i-r.  Boa I  Situate in the Slocan Mining l.)ivi���ion of West  Kooteiiny  District. When; located: About  out' mile north of New  Denver, on the shore  of Slocan Lake.  ���AKK NOTICK that f,  W.  S.  Drewry. ofthe  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain Jiquors and  cigars that cannot be  quality and flavor  Old and new patrons  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON & CO  in  surpassed for  the   Slocan.  will   find this  'I1  L town ol Kiflo. acting as agent for M. 10.  Br.'igdon. Free Miner's ('ertifieale No. N*iii27: II, !  Clever, Free Miner'sCertilieate Xo. looT'.iA: Harry j  Slieran, Free Miner's Oerlitieale Xo. 120O1A: anil I  Thos. Avison. Free Miuer'sCertifientc Xo. PiiniA. j  intend sixty davs from the date hereof to apply I  to the Mining Recorder fnr.it certificate of ini'-'i  provcineiils for t In- purpose of obtaining a. Crown J  grant, of the above claims. |  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certiiicate of improvements.  Dated this llth tl.-iv of Julv. lsiis  ' W. S. DRKWRV  KUKipm Kuskonook  '���  I2.nopin (Joal River      "  '���    1.00am   Bnundnrv        "  =    ���' ai'K.mam l-itmiier's'F'ry '    lv  xTiain lv ll.fo am       "       Train ar  ar 2.15 pm Spokane      "     lv  8.00 pm-i  il.oo pinj,  5.00 pm/  2.00 pill's  1.15 pm 5  7.5o ;\nvn  SPECIAL KOOTENAV  LAKH* SERVICE.  Commencing June 20,18iis.  On Monday, Thursday and Fridav ss Alberta  will leave Kaslo a p. 111. for Ainsworth, Pilot, Bay,  and Nelson. Leaving Nelson at ,s a. in., Tuesday, Friday and Saturday, culling at Pilot Bay.  Ai'nsu-orth'aiid Kaslo, and all way points.  O ROUGE   A LKX AXDI��"R, Gen'l Mgr  P. O. Box 122, Kaslo. B.C.  NOTICE,  T  In the Matter of the Mineral Act. and in ihe j  Matter of Antonio Rollo, dcec-ised intestate. |  UKE NOTICE, thai Antonio Rollo, late Free !  Miner of New Denver, B. C. having died in- j  testate, and the personal estate left by him being i  of lhe value of less than three hundred dollars. I  have undertaken to administer the same.  Ami take notice, that all claims against the  estate of the said Antonio Rollo must be tiled  with me on oi* before, the oth dav of September,  18!is  And further take notice, that 011 the pith day  of September, isns at lo o'clock in the forenoon,  I will cause all llie right, title anil interest of the  saitl deceased Antonio Rollo in the following  Mineral Claims, to be sold by auction in front of  Ihe Record Oflice at Xew Denver, B. C. viz--  All liia right, title and interest in and to each  of ihe mineral claims. Champion. Butterfly, and  International, all situated on Wilson Creek.' in the  Slocan Mining Division of west Kootenay- B. O.  Dated at New Den ver, B. ('.. this 27th*dayof  July, A. D. 1898.  ALEX SPROAT,  G-old Commissioner.  Brandon, B. C,  Assay Price List  For  four-bits   you  can   purchase  ancient newspapers at this office.  100  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each   Gold, Silver and Load, combined   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Conner (by Electrolysis)   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper   Silver and Copper   Gold. Silver ami Copper    ...  Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese ...'.  Lime, Magnesium. Barium, Silica, "Sulphur, each   Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,'  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter,. Ash,  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  _  Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th. 1895. v  ���-?] .50  ,*i 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  1 00  2 50  2 .50  3 00  5 00  2 00  2 00  2 00-  4 0C  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  mmmmmt'mMm THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 1, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0OROS.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  as follows :���  LOCATIONS.  AUG 23���Pauline Gr. McGuigan, Samuel Gintz-  burcrcr  St Lawrence, relocation of Owl, D K McDonald.  AUG 24���Bouton. Four Mile, C B Harding.  Binghamton, same, S J Harding.  Rena B, second south fork Eight Mile, Joseph  Band B, between Eight and Ten Mile, Joseph  Brandon, Frank L Byron. ^  Lillie, second north forth Eight Mile, Frank L  Byron.  AUG 25���Edinburgh, Alamo basin, P D Abler.  OK. north fork Eight Mile, Gus Kruger.  Commander Extension, Eight Mile, Frank L  Carrie Grace, Rosebery, Walter Smith.  Aug 26���New Phoenix, Three Forks, Arthur  Mullen. , .,,     .    _   ���,, ���  Arthur Fraction, Monitor hill, A O Cstby,  Arthur Mullen. ,,,.���.  Boxer, McGuigan basin, Donald Sullivan.  Gopher Fractional, Mowich slide, V H Behne,  Coin Fraction, south fork Carpenter. H J  Warner. ���  ,        . ���..        .  Saddle Rock, Galena Farm, Edward Stewait.  United Fractional, same Edward Stewart.  Aug 29-Maple, Slocan Lake. IsidoreBeauper.  Imperal, Eight Mile. Amos Thompson  Repeator, same, J V Purviance.  Estella, Silver mountain, M E Bragdon.  ASSESSMENTS.  AUG 23���Rincon.  Deloraine, Boulder  Aug 24���Caledonia.  AUG 25���Hoodoo Fraction,  No 2, Neglected.  AUG 20��� Los Vegas No 2, Payday.  Aug 20���Prom, Grip, Stemwinder, Silver Band,  Croydon Fraction, Twyford.  Aug 80���R A M, A E, Snowstorm, Bosphorus,  Gibralter, Humphrey.  TRANSFERS.  Aug 23���Mountain Scenery J, Cuba \, Joseph  Butler to Harrv Sherran, Aug 22, is50. .  Notice of dispensation of all representation of  all interest held by F W Murphy, deceased.  AUG 21���Smoky Falls, Amazon, i in each, T  Leo Peel to Fred Soutar.  Mocking Bird J. Medium J, E W Nettleton  to  3  Donald McGillivray, Sept 16, S3,00p.  Robin Fraction, R A Hilton to Mclvor Mclvor-  Daybreak,UDefender. Miantonamah }, Corinth  ��� Wild Goose i, Mocktug Bird J, Comet, Bloomer,  Albert Behue. Jas Gilhooly and A J Murphy to  Donald McGillivray, Sept 14,,1806. 5*20,000.  All of same claims, Donald McGillivray to Mclvor Mclvor-Camphell, March 17,1897.  Augi27--Coin Fraction, Gustavus Faundrey to  Chas M Wilson, Aug 26, .-5600.  AuG29-Mammoth, Anthony McGinty to Jas  McKiernan, June 17.  has been proved regarding* these prospects. On Bald mountain thei e is one  of the biggest deposits of gold-bearing*  quartz in East Kootenay. On Kin-  basket lake a galena deposit has been  in process of development. Placer gold  and platinum have been found in the  Bluewater, Cummius creek, at the  Wait-a-bit, and at Canoe river. Here,  then, is a large area of country showing  promising indications at many points,  but which is as yet  PRACTICALL   UNEXPLORED.  The far north can be reached by a trail  known as the Moberly trail running in  a north-westerly direction from Donald, and though the trail is in bad  shape in many places at the present  time the route is an excellent one,  being over an easy grade, and with  abundance of fodder for pack animals  on the way. The first property visited  was that located last year by Messrs.  Moodie and Conner  ON THE DIVIDE  between the Clearwater and Bluewater  rivers. From Donald to Fish lake is  a distance of 15 miles, by the Moberly  trail, which was found in good shape  thus far, except for being blocked by  windfalls and a few boggy places. The  bridge over the Wait-a-bit, damaged  two years ago, by high water, has  been put in good shape, and thence the  trail runs along the river flat to the  Columbia, and follows this to*a terrace  which strikes across to the Bluewater,  four miles further on. This river impresses the traveller with the appropriateness of the name as he descends  to it from the terrace on which he has  been travelling, especially as he contrasts it with the Black water, which  joins it a little below the bridge, The  BUiewater is crossed by a good trail  bridge, and then the trail follows the  Blackwater for the next six miles to  Fish lake. Four miles from the Blue-  water bridge is the favorite luncheon  grouud of travellers, where the trail  CROSSES THE BLACKWATER,  abundance  of  struck as the work deepens. This  theory-is strengthened by the fact that  the ore in the stringers all lies on the  footwall, and extends but a short distance in from the footwall of the por-  phyry dyke. The richness of the ore  found in the stringers gives  HOPE OF SECURING GOOD RESULTS  in the main lead when that is found.  Already half a ton of this rich ore has  been taken out, and it is Knowlton's  intention to send some of it to McGill  College, at Montreal, for a thorough  sampling. Several open cuts have been  made into these stringers, one of these  cuts being 17 feet long and eight feet  deep, and another 15 feet long and 10  feet deep. The quartz is a white crys-  talization peculiar to the whole of the  Bluewater Basin of the Donald Mining  Division. Slate and porphyry are sometimes mixed with the quartz, and the  lead in valley shows strong exudations  of talc. Mr.'Knowlton has opened up  the lead in the valley to some extent  and finds that  IT IS ALSO MINERALIZED  showing a fine quality of galena on the  surface, but of course no work has been  done on it to prove the extent or value  of the mineralization. A tunnel has  now been opened on the camp side of  the divide on which the claims are  located, and it is intended to drive this  under the outcrop of the stringers.  This work will prove the extent of the  mineralization to a certain depth, and  will serve to show whether it is of a  permanent character. The work should  also prove the existence of the lead at  that point and whether its mineralization 'corresponds with the splendid  showing in* the stringers. A great  difficulty in tunneling at this point is  the trouble in getting in timber, as it  is some distance away, and has to be  hauled some 1,400 feet up a steep incline.  On the other hand the steepness of the  mountain is a great assistance in proving the ground, as it gives so much  depth for every foot of tunnel driven.���  Golden Era.  H. H. Knox,  DO NOT OVERLOOK  Has removed to the  Newmarket  Block and is prepared to repair  every description of  Disabled  Watches.  The  When in Silverton,   especially ii"  you have a thirst with you.  The beer is kept on ice, while the whiskey  has that flavor and power so  much appreciated by the traveller when he is weak and weary.  THOMAS CLAIR, Proprietor.  D.E.QellatIy&5ons  -DEALERS IN  along which stream is  feed for horses.   At Fish lake a trail  SLOCAN   CITY    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Aug 19���Oh My, Alex Ferguson; Peremed,  G Marcoux. ���  Aug 20���Winfrid Alberta, John Campbell, A  H McMillan; Clara, Frank Romeo; Crescent, J  -T Beauchesne.  Aug 22-Ponce, H G Aitchison : Canadian  Mutual. Chas Ward; B C Fractional, Blair Carter; Duplex, Geo Soucey.  Aug 23���St Lawrence, C L Copp. A Wilds,  Sait; Asphodel, Hugh Nelson.  Aug 24-Lakeside,  F A  Wells;  Quo  Vadis  Richard  George; Treasure Deep, R C Graham  , Otto Marstrand.  H  Jos Bean,  , E B Dunlop.  Jno Gutherie; Ida,  Jubile  Aug 25���Queen  J B Thompson  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug 19���Montpelier, Liberty, Black Bess.  Aug 20���Black Fel.  Aug 22-Alaska.   Alaska No 1,  Great .Divide.  Blanneid.  Aug 23���Cosmos, Highland Lassie, Bondsmen.  ft.uG 24���Bosworth, Dorset.  Aug 25��� Chillcat, Dolphin.  TRANSFERS.  Aug 20-First Lake h Jas McCorthy to John A  Foley.  Same s, same to same and Jas Roach.  Aug 23���St Lawrence i, Henry Sail, L C Copp  and'Albert Wilds to J C O'Connor.  turning to the  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  R Burmester; Philister, H  C  Blue  Aug 17���Sampson,  F Burmester; Edris, J C Hansen.  AUG 18-Lake View,  WG Scott; Cherokee,  Nelson;  Burt, H  J Matthews: Mountain  Fraction, Jas Chisholm and S Wicks.  Aug   lii-Lanark,  W  F   Lawson ;   Fifer,  T  John  Brown; "Flying Dutchman,   A F  Adams;  - B    Flaherty;   Yellow  Eiripey.  Copper,    B    Flaherty;  Copi>er,  AUG20-Roy, Henry Roy; Royal King, wme,  Night Hawk Fraction, Alex McLeod; David, 1  Fitch, J McLellan; Imo, John .Iviski; "brisco,  Matt Gledo; Mary and Ella. J M Anderson;, Lulu,  John Healey; Spruce, Jas Anderson: Balsam,  Dan Barrett: Hunter. \V J Harris; Jennie E  Thos Harris; Maud, A McKinnon; Prince Aithur,  Thos Fahev; Monitor. Elsie, Main Lander, Wil  Vroom, RDensmore, W Luke.  Aug 22-Any Extension, F Hansen; Kate;  Robert Keown and F X Gay; Lizev, F X Gay;  Comber, Sam Birce; American, Alex Linrotu-.  Union, F Ronstrom; Black Souirrell, A. Johnston. E Wamsley, T Melrose; Climax, P McCue,  l> Dowd; Silver Dollar Fraction, Lutlier Carr;  Yukon, ARHeyland.  Aug 23-Little Dan, A B Fluner; Peack Centre  Star, Jos Carton; Yukon, Stride, S Stride, Gold  Crop, W A Skinner; Golden Chest, A G Pearson.  ASSESSMENTS.  Aug 17���F M E. Cornwall-Fraser Bump. Wee  Kate Fraction, Kingston, Florence, Blenheim,  Green Isle, Iona, Ada.  Aug 18-Alberta No 2, Cliff, Alta, Mogul Fraction, Lettie, Star Fraction.  Aug la���Joker, Derby, Alaska, Mayflower,  Southern Cross, Cable, Noble Friend.  Aug 20���Horsefly, Wavcrly, Albany,Portland.  Lucky Boy.  Aug 22-Legal  Tender,  Hidden  Secret,  Chum. Duraiigo, Hootnlinoua,  Klondike, Gruttle,  stake.  Aug 23���Lauraai, Abhotsford, Red Star three  vears,   Warner's' Choice,   Hawhush  Tlelvelia. Standard, Totalrack.  THAN'Sl-'KKS.  Aug 17��� F M Ki, X F  E��l  Larty, .*ino.  Aug is���Ontario No  2   j,   1  Black'rs'ikIi'. Olas. Lucky Bill,  Hillside   Hil  top. Eva Jane,  Pond, sheriff's sale, ,  vs John I' Miller.  Gl-wiw,  ClilV,   North   Star.    Alt  sheriirs sale, T.J U-ndrum vs Win Moulse.  Aug 19���Joker J, Joker R McGregor to G-W  Tavlor. i-V*>.  Jell Davis, Win Ali-erson to Joe Fletcher. .J.V.Hjn  Aug 20���Black Diamond J,  Mike Ryan to F C  Niviu. T ���    .  Chinook. Last Chance J, Duncan Graham to  Charles Dickson..  Agreement between F Bollegar, S  Lilieck ami  S Fewsu-ander, the former J in each, the latter J  in each, to   share   expenditure   at same  Glu-ier. St Gothard, (."-rubble    "!~"~ '"���-  Agues.  New  iqun,  Iron  Mountain,  St Gothard, Glazier, Home-  Fraction,  jar to Hector Me-  Malouey   to Wm  sii  W Smith  Fletcher  rate, in  Birdie, Goat, Alta,  DONAIJ)    MINING    DIVISION.  Progress <>f Mining Operations���A Bird's  Eve View of tin: District.  Less attention has been given hy  prospectors to the Donald Mining  Division than to any other portion of  North East Kootenay. Yet the pros  pects of mineral deposits of value being-  found there appear to be as good as in  any other portion of the Columbia  Valley. Promising placer deposits lie  umvorked on Quartz creek and there  have, been locations of excellent gold-  copper made on Porcupine, creek,  but as vet no development work lias  been done, so  that practically nothing  right takes the traveller  off on the route to the Clearwater mine.  This side trail is a terror at the point  where it goes down to the lake, for the  grade here is steep enough to make an  exciting toboggan slide. It is certainly  too steep for horses. The Clearwater  is again" crossed at the foot of the terrace, where the pretty lake known as  Fish lake breaks into view. At the  F lake is a capital camping place and  plenty of feed for horses, but what with  mosquitoes and black flies it is not al-  wavs the best of places to camp for  the"night. A fair trail leads from the  lake to  THE CLEARWATER   RIVER,  a distance of about four miles. Here  the toughest part of the trip begins.  A new trail has been made from the  Clearwater to the mine, and a great  deal of work has been put upon it, the  Government subsidized it to the extent of ��400. A better route could  certainly have been got, for the first  part of the trail consists in a su'lden  ascent from the creek, which makes  hard climbing for both man and horse,  and the route will have to be altered if  anv considerable amount of packing  has to be done to and from the mine.  Two miles over a rough, rocky river  channel brings the traveller to the camp  established by A. A. Knowlton, the  gentleman who bonded the .property  and is working it at the present time.  The  LOCATION* OP   THE  MINE.  is on the summit of the divide between  the Bluewater and Clearwater rivers,  7,400 feet above sea level. The property includes three claims, Little  Brother owned by J. YV. Conner, Mow-  gli by H. R. Hoodie,* and Akela by Dr.  Taylor. A trail of some 13 sigzags has  been made up the steep mountain side  to where the mineral bearing* veins outcrop on the summit. The history of  the discovery dates back to some four  vears ago when some Indians told J.  \V. Conner of the deposit. He went out  to see it but owing to the roughness of  the country he did not stake theground  at the time. Samples brought in, however, gave assays of between ��300 and  S400, and last year Messrs. Conner and  Moodie went " out and located the  ground. H. C. Hammond, of Toronto,  was so much impressed with the  samples of ore shown him, that he  went out and saw the property He  returned with a magnificent lot of ore,  which on assay went"over $600 in gold,  silver, and copper.   He then  TOOK A BOND  on the 'propertv and sent Professor  Hardman, of Montreal, to inspect the  ground. The Professor, although impressed with the richness of the ore,  reckoned that from the inaccessibility  of the location, it would be a doubtful  proposition, and on his advice the bond  was abandoned by Mr. Hammond.  Last year Knowlton took a working  bond on the property, and recently  started work on it. tie had an ass:���y  made on the ore in Montreal, when the  result showed a value of something  like 8850 to the ton. On his return  from the east this' season Knowlton  decided to start work on the property  and got in as soon as the ground was  clear of snow.  TUN   lll-'I'OSIT   IS  A   PUZZLI-.  It occurs at discovery in stringers  traversing a porphyry dyke. This dyke  is about 50 feet wide rising between  slate and serpentine and there are  about a dozen of these stringers running the width of the dyke. These  stringers run from two to 24 inches in  thick'hess, and from two to 10 feet apart.  They all carry ore whieh is in the form  of galena on the surface and grey copper lower down, both ores being very  high grade. The country rock on both  sides''of the porphyry dyke is so badly  broken up that a" tunnel was started  with a view to cutting through the  stringers but it was impossible to keep  the roof up for getting timbers in, and  the tunnel had to be abandoned at that  point. There is no appearance here of  a denned lead immediately connecting  with these stringers, though in the  valley beneath, some 1.000 or l,:*J0u feet  below  Petroleum   -Prospects.  Ottawa���Applications have been received at the Department of the Interior  to prospect for petroleum in lands in  Southern Alberta. It is desirable that  the question as to whether petroleum is  to be found in paying quantities in the  Territories should ascertained. The  Minister of Interior has been authorized  to reserve for an applicant for six  months an area not exceeding 640 acres  of land to prospect for petroleum, and if  oil is found in paying quantities, to sell  the land to applicant at the rate of SI  per acre, with a provision that a royalty  of two and one-half per cent, upon sale's  of petroleum be paid to the Crown.  This authority is confined to lands south  of the Canadian Pacific Railway in  America.  A number of English capitalists are  communicating with the Government,  with a view to acquiring possession of  the Canadian coal fields, especially  those known to exist north of Edmonton and in the basin of the Mackenzie  River. If a fair arrangement can be  made a heavy investment of British  capital is promised.  TV�� fx  108 Bishopsgate St.  IHL (within)  British, bL0ND0N:ENG-  Subser��� ~ "  Columbia  Review  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON -a BARRETT  Farm Produce, Fruits,  and vegetables. 0^^^,  For the convenience ofthe trade a stock is always kept on hand in the  Jelland Building, SANDON. Mines supplied at wholesale rates. Cars  loaded with Produce, Fruits and Vegetables are run into the Slocan every  TEN DAYS, and orders can be delivered en route.  Specials  newSuitings  in  I have lately received a stock of  well-selected, handsome suitings  for Spring make-up, and I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. , Some excellent qualities  and patterns, and at especially  low prices���lower than ever put  upon the market in this section  before.  I guarantee a neat, natty fit,  and satisfaction in every particular.       Are you wanting a Spring  suit?  M. A. WILSON,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B. C.  Can save money  by buying your,  Gents'  Furnishings  from us. v We are making a. special  offer of Light Underwear and Outing  Shirts"  Now is your only  Chance  From now until Aug. 31st we are selling our Ready Made  Clothing at actual cost.       Postoffice Store, Sandon.  NEW DENVER,  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms promptlv attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -       -       -       -      "-     ; .       -       Proprietors.  Subseribtion,--2.O0 per annum  To Brokers, Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining Claims. Mining Engineers, Assay-  ers,   Journalists  and  others-  Advertise in the B. C. Review,  the only representative B. C. Journal in Europe.   A Good Investment.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWays on hand.  NOTICE.  All accounts due me must be settled forthwith  or they will be placed in court for collection.  Ii. CLEVER,  .New Denver, Aug. 18,1S98.  'CALLUM & CO.,    Dealers in    Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOCAN CBTY, B.C.  THERE  IS  A  LKAD  traceable through tlie glacial basin,  with a strike of N 50 W, and the line  of which cuts right into the porphyry  dyke at right angles to the lead. This  dyke runs east and west with a dip of  55" to the south. There is therefore  every probability that the lead will be  If  year  Letter  Your* business  caill  suffer.  and other  Stationery  are  badly  print-  New  Spring  Goods,  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  Spring and Summer wear; ready-  made Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and Caps, Boots  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our show- window.  We are displaying a fine line of  novelties.  McLachlan & McKay,  New Denver.  DR. MILLOY,  DENTIST  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office ofthe Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of'theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  . . Next to a healthy bank account the most essential thing  to a BUSINESS MAN is to have his writing stationery and  business cards, etc., of good quality and printed in business,  ntyle. A man in business does not necessarily mean A BUSI- ���  NESS MAN. Some men are as careless about their stationery \  as about their business���don't care how it is printed so long as ,  it is cheap. To these we want to talk. With our increased J  facilities we can fill your orders for Job Printing as cheap as ,  the cheapest, and the quality of the work and stock is unsur- j  passed���even in the large cities. Samples of stock and work (  open to your inspection. All classes of work���from a tri-colored (  sheet poster to the daintiest and handsomest wedding stationery. \  Whatever you want, don't overlook The Ledge Power /  Printing Plant, the best equipped office  west of Red River. {  ? @r^-****v**ak**,&'***&^'V*^--^'^^  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  DENVER  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  AGENTS.  Two editions ''Life and Work of Mr. Gladstone' already sold. Third edition just ready.  Now is the time to make money. Look here, o.ie  man sells 11 his first day, a fourteen-year-old boy  2(5 in evenings during one week, another 27 in 15  hours, and another 90 in 1.1 days, &c &c. Greatest book agent's bonanza on the market. Big-  commission paid.    Write quick for free particu-  ar 'BRADLEY-GARRETSON CO., Limited,  Toronto.  arge  And  M  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry agent or���  G. B. GARRETT,  ; '; C. P. R. Agent, New Denver.  ��� VVM. STITT, Sen. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.  ...Being good at figures never  made a  man rich.  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  , IW k ^  Insurance  and General Commissson  Agents. ...       '.'..,,..-..,*;,.  NEW DENVEB.B. f!    ���   ��� ���      ,������.   - ���*  ������* ������ '  ���        V'\i, .*>...       -:::��;!   u.i:\\  ��� ������ ��� .;. ,..���       -;-.������.. iiv    v ;������.���-,��� k n: ;'.i  .-ft: 

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