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The Ledge Sep 15, 1898

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 Volume V.   No. 50.  NEW DENVER, B. C, SEPTEMBER 15, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Year  TW0 MILLIONS LOST 1  OF    LOCAL    INTKKKST.  The business portion of New Westminster was totally destroyed by fire Sunday  morning.  It is impossible to estimate the property loss at this writing but it will run  into the hundreds of thousands. Despair  and suffering are the lot of hundreds of  homeless people. Food, clothing and aid  of all kinds is being hurriedly dispatched from Vancouver to the ill-fated  -"royal" city.  So extremely fierce were the flames  that apples on,the trees on the west side  of the street opposite the burning houses  were scorched. Three river steamers  were destroyed, the Edgar, Glads and  Bonaccord. Every industry save lhe  big Royal City planing .mills . and Cleve  Canning Company has been wiped out.  The Canadian Pacific Railroad station  r*and bridge across Fraser river were  burned. -  The fire started about midnight on the  Tiver front and was caused by a spark  from a steamer. Fanned by a fierce gale  the flames spread with such rapidity that  within three hours 10 streets were  ablaze. The fire was first noticed at  Brackman &. Kerr's wharf, on Front  street. From there it spread down to  the C.P.R. depot. It crossed the street  at that point. From there it went up  the street taking in the other side of  Front street and Columbia street, the  chief business thoroughfare of the city.  Block after block caught fire and in a  .few minutes there was nothing left of  what had been the business portion of  New Westminster.  From Columbia street it spread up the  hill to a huge building upon piles on the  gully bridged by Carnarvon street.  There was a great space under this building filled with dry seasoned lumber.  The air got in with the lire and gave it  great play. ��� There was a whirlwind of  flame which belched forth destruction.  From this point the fire spread. The  English cathedral was quickly attacked.  The . Baptist church followed aud the  'Central Methodist church also. All  were destroyed, together with a  large number of residences. Tlie inhabitants had to flee for their lives.  The fire swept down Carnarvon street  and quickly enveloped the big* brick  court house and the wooden city hall.  Fortunately there was a big open space  here and the flames were unable to leap  far enough to take in the big central  school. Agnes street, however, had got  alight and one side of Royal avenue.  All the houses on that street were completely burned. The wind was blowing  furiously down Fraser river toward the  mouth. If it had been blowing the  ���other way the whole of the Catholic  church buildings, convent and hospital  iind other structures, would have been  burned.  For a time there was no water supply  for the use of the burned-out citizens.  There was not a sinele butcher's, baker's  ���or provision shop left and there was only  one small hotel saved. Some of the  burned out retired in the open air.in  front of the school house in the morning.  They covered themselves with blankets  and lay kown to sleep under the sky.  The loss is roughly estimated at $2,-  500,000; insurance, $1,500,000. The bank-  vaults withstood the lire. One insurance company's vault was blown up by  gunpowder.  A citizen's committee was formed in  Vancouver to give relief to tlie sufferers  The Provincial Government is assisting.  Finance Minister Cotton received the  news in Victoria about noon. He got  blankets, tents and other supplies loaded  ���on a special train which reached Na-  naimo, 74 miles distant, in less than two  hours. Tlie steamer Joan was in readiness there and reached Vancouver in  record time. Here a special Canadian  Pacific .freight was ready and the supplies were loaded and sent to New* Westminster.  and surgical cases, liave been treated by  Dr. P. H. Power. This office has proved  a great convenience to the miners employed in, the vicinity of Sandon.  The hospital has reached that stage  in its histoay where it is recognized as  the most essential institution in the  mining region of B.C. Its progress and  remarkable success in taking care of the  sick and injured, has won for the  physicians and nurses in charge the sincere appreciation of theminersand business men of the Slocan.  Nearly all the patients treated were  regular subscribers through the mine  payrolls, or else the fortunate holders of  annual hospital tickets.  A list, so far as could be obtained, is  here given showing the number of subscribers from each mine, or company,  who have received treatment or have  been hospital patients: ,  Received      Admitted  Treatment to Hospital.  Slocan Star    18i> 1  * Payne Mine      95 17  N. &S. ".branch C.P.R. and  steamers  ill !i  *C.P.R. construction  Hi  Ruth.......  70 1  Idaho  40 5  "Noble Five  31 1  Queen Bess  21 0  ���Lovatt's Sawmill, Sandon.. 1(5 .  ,0  Enterprise  18 3  *Foss & McDoneli,  contractors   Kl 3  Wakefield  15 2  Comstoek   11 0  *Mollie Mughes  8 0  Vancouver  11 ��  Galena Mines    !) 4  R E. Lee  5 0  Ivanhoe  4 1  B.C. Government  0 -1  * Reed aiid Tenderfoot  2 0  Wonderful  2 0  Mount Adams..  2 o  "Last Chance  -'   " 1  ���Goodonough..   2 1  * Meteor  1 0  'Arlington  1 0  .Best  1 0  "Part of the year only.  Several patients are now in the hospital. In the medical ward are to be found  Neil Mclnnes, who came in from Brooklyn, suffering from fever; and John  Beaton, from the Wakefield, slight sickness.  In the surgical ward are Fred. Snyde,  the unfortunate miner brought down  from the Enterprise last week with a  badly fractured leg; M. M. Heckman,  brought up from Slocan City a few days  ago suffering from the effects of a premature* explosion, and Jos. F. McDonald,  brought down Tuesdaj' from the Payne,  suffering from a severe cut below the  knee caused by being caught between an  are car and a timber.  All the boys are feeling in excellent  spirits and are enthusiastic in their  praise of the treatment given them by  Dr. Brouse and assistants.  Mr. Heckman had his left hand amputated at the wrist. His leg was also  badly bruised but the bone was not fractured. He had fired a hole and failed  to get out of the way fast enough.  Fred Snyde's leg was broken above  the knee. He was working in a upraise  on the Enterprise and was struck on the  leg by a falling rock. It took four hours  to get him out of the hole and he was not  brought to the hospital until the following morning.  IS    H1GLY    APPRECIATED.  E. J. Robie has moved to the Williamson block.  The  Meteor,  Springer   creek,   closed  down this week.  Eight men are busy developing the  L. H. on Red Mountain.  Andrew Tunks is prospecting around  Selkirk in tlie far north.  Services will be held in the Presbyterian church next Sunday.  About 140 men are working in  the  mines tributary to Silverton.  Harry Aylwin  was   admitted to  the  hospital Wednesday, sick with fever.  Hidden creek is fast developing good  properties.   It is tributary to.Ymir.  Church of England  services on Sunday next in the Mission Room at 11 a.m.  A wagon road from  the Comstoek to  tap the main road is under construe  tion.  ROSSI. AST)   MIXING   NEWS.  One hundred and fifteen men are employed on tha Payne.  The Virginia is to be reincorporated as  a provincial company.  The Tom Payne company has put a  large force of men to work on the Myrtle.  Ore was broken into on the surface of  the Novelty, situated on Red mountain  between tlie Gertrude and Giant.  The force of men at work at the Le  Roi mine, at Rossland, has been increased to 225 and 350 tons of ore are  being shipped daily to the smelter.  OPERA HOUSE SURE _  The Misses Griffiths and Everett will  leave on the 23rd for their home in Nova  Scotia.  Mr. and Mrs. L. F. Holtz, of Silver-  honeymoon in  New  AN   EXCELLENT    RECORD.  What   "Was   Accomplished    During   the  First "Vear of the  New Hospital.  Dr. J. E. Brouse and his assistance are  justly proud of the success achieved by  them in the Slocan hospital during the  year ending Aug. 31, 1898.  The total number of patients treated  by this institution for the past twelve  months has been 807. Of this number  719 were minor or outdoor cases, not  requiring hospital care, and 88 were inmates under treatment. Of those admitted to the hospital 35 were surgical  cases and 53 under medical treatment, of  which latter there were 15 typhoid cases,  seven puenumonia and the balance (31)  comprised various ailments. There has  been no death in the hospital since the  opening of the new building in August,  1897, which is a record that could hardly  he surpassed. Of the outdoor cases 312  were surgical and 407 under medical  treatment.  In the Sandon office of this institution  . 453 patients, comprising   both  medical  Denver's   Band  Given    Substantial  Evidence of its Worth.  The bandboys are in a decidedly better frame of mind than they were last  week. The cause for this change can  be found in the following letter of appreciation received by Mr. Alex. Sproat  last Friday.  "Sandon, B.C , 8th Sept., 1898.  ���'Alex Sprout, Esq., New Denver, B.C.  "Dear Sir:���Having been one of the  many admiring listeners to the efforts  of the New Denver Brass Band on the  occasion of their visit to Sandon three  days ago, I beg you to denote the enclosed amount to the general fund of  the organization, with thc assurance of  a hearty appreciation to their excellent  work.  "From an ex-rnemberof a band organization in the United States."  The am'mnt is not stated in the letter  of appreciation, but it was fifty dollars,  which has been placed in the general  fund of the band. Words of praise are  highly appreciated hy the band, but  when they are backed up in such a  substantial way, tlie pleasure to the  recipients is of a deeper, profounder  character, and the boys and their popular leader will ever have a warm spot  in their hearts for the unknown giver  of the excellent letter containing the  ducats, who was so modest as to withhold his name and identity.  Tlie Vancouver World says there is  no truth whatever in the statement,  telegraphed from that city, that Fred.  Johnson, brother of C. Gardner Johnson, of Johnson & Burnett, who has  been a resident in the Yukon country  for the last few years, is about to institute a suit against the Dominion Government.  ton, are spending' their  Chicago.  The W. Hunter has been tied up and  the ss. Slocan is carrying all the traffic  on the lake.  The marriage of Thos. R. Powers to  Miss Sara Fraser, of Nelson, is reported  from that city.  Four fever cases are reported in Slocan  City, two of whom were admitted to the  hospital Wednesday.  Ymir intends making a big showing*  of ore at the Spokane fruit fair.  Samples of the finds in the camp are  being sent.  Mrs. Amos Thompson will leave for  Listowell, Ont., in a few days, whore she  will spend two or three months visiting  friends and relatives.  The Nelson smelter is treating considerable custom ore now. A lot of  Athabaska ore was treated last week,  also some from Kamloops.  W. Rose, representing' the North-  West Magazine, was in the Slocan last  week taking views for an article to be  produced in that magazine.  The Slocan City News has ceased  publication. D. R. Young has moved  his plant, to Nelson where he will publish a monthly.mining* paper.  C. W. McArthur has the contract for  building a stamp mill for the Canadian  Pacific Exploration Company on the  Porto Rico mine, near Ymir. '  Peter Genelie's tug boat Fawn was run  into last week and cut in two as clean as if  by a saw, by the big C.P.R. steamer  Rossland, plying on Kootenay lake.  A. J. Marks, the energetic manager  of the California, continues to push  work on that property. This week 300  sacks of high grade ore is being shipped  to Aurora, 111., and a similar shipment  will be made the latter part of September.  Eighteen inches of ore has been struck  in No. 1 tunnel on the Bosun. Three  shipments of 20 tons each have been  made from the property, and these will  be followed by others as the ore is packed to the lake shore.  The sum of $2,000,000 being the purchase price of the Center Star property,  has been paid over by the Blackstock-  Gooderham syndicate to the State  Savings bank at Butte, Mon., where  the principal shareholders are.  It is stated on good authority that the  Blackstock-Gooderham svndicate have  purchased the Iron Mask" for $1,000,000.  The deal has been pending for some  time. The sale will put an end to all  litigation which has been going on with  the Centre Star and that promised with  the War Eagle.  The following officers have be��n elected for the ensuing year by the Rossland  Miners'Union: Robert Adams, president; James McKernan, vice-president;  Thomas Bestwick, treasurer; P. W.  Quinlin, recording secretary; J. P. Hen-  nessy, financial secretary; P. Limenith,  conductor; George McKenzie, warden.  GRAND   FORKS   FISSURES.  The practical joker was abroad Tuesday night in all his satanic majesty, and  made a corpse of one of the liveliest and  most facinating of our mining operators  by posting on the door of his bachelor  quarters the usual tombstone epitaph  surmounted by a nattily modeled wreath.  Among the passengers from the Island  bv the Islander were Dr. Joseph Gibbs,  of Slocan City, and Mrs. Gibbs. The  latter was until Wednesday Miss Eleanor A. Cusack, r*f Victoria She was  married on that day to the popular Slocan doctor. Rev. Mr. Barraclough performed the ceremony at the residence  of the bride's mother.���Vancouver  News-Advertiser  To-morrow will be held the long look  for Sunday school picnic' It was impossible to make better arrangements  with the C.P.R. for the proposed excursion to the head of the lake so that had  to be abandoned. The picnic will be  held in the woods near the station, and  the children are promised a good time.  The ladies are especially requested to be  present, with something to satisfy the  enormous appetites.  The Methodist Ladies' Aid is arranging to give a first-class concert in New  Denver on Wednesday, Sept. 28th, at 8  p.m., in Clever's hall. Mrs. T. Linton  and Miss Clara Bennett, of Slocan City,  are among the names of those who are  to take part. A local string orchestra  will give selections, and several novel  and humorous features will he introduced. An admission fee of 50 cents will be  charged.  A pleasant social was given in Knox  church on Tuesday evening by the  Ladies Aid, the occasion being a farewell  to Mr. Sharpe, pastor, on his leaving to  pursue his studies at Toronto University.  Short and interesting addresses were  given by Rev. R. N. Powell and Rev. C.  W. Gordon. Mr. Sharpe was presented  with a puree and an address expressing  the appreciation of his services by the  congregation during his stay and wishing him kind remembrances, after  which the ladies served tea and coffee  and the usual accessories.  The old Volcanic claim, so long tied  up by litigation, is again to be worked.  A paystreak of over three feet has been  struck on the Humming Bird,from which  assays are made giving $100 to the ton.  A mammoth ore pulverizer is being  put in for the Republic mine. It is in  one piece, weighs 15,000 pounds, and had  to be hauled from Marcus.  Alterations have been ordered in the  Old Ironsides by the gold commissioner  thai will prevent any more fatal accidents in the mine from bad gas.  Work is being steadily pushed on the  City of Paris and Lincoln claims.  Twenty men are putting .the properties  in shape to receive the compressor plant  soon to be put in.  New Denver will have an opera house,  one of the finest, if not the finest, in this  part of Kootenay. J. C. Harris, who has  already put a good portion of the cash  proceeds from the sale of the Bosun  mine into New Denver realty, is the  builder. Lumbei is on the ground and  work is to be started at once, with the  expectation that the building will be  ready for the grand opening in six weeks  time. The building will be erected next  to the Hoben block, will   be 30x70 feet,  and will have a seating capacity of 300.  A 4-foot stage with dressing rooms, etc.,  beneath will take up 14 ,feet of the rear  portion of the hall,and twoi, 12-foot rooms  will be put in the front, leaving the hall  proper 30x43. It will not be built on an  incline, but every convenience will be  added to give the people of Slocan lake a  commodious hall for dancing and every  character of first-class entertaiments.  The lower floor will be seated with chairs,  and in the gallery, which will be 12x30,  comfortable benches. will be placed on  the popular incline scale.  Andrew Wallace has designed the  building and will build it, making it as  handsome outwardly as the cost will  permit, and as comfortable and attractive inside as it possibly can be. It will  be plastered throughout, and electric-  lighted, and will cost in the neighborhood of $2,500. '  Prof. Joe Millward has leased it for  three nights in the week, and every  effort will be put forth to draw to New  Denver the best troups traveling this  way.  when an Italian Anarchist suddenly approached and stabbed her to the heart.  The Empress fell, got up again and  was carried to the steamer unconscious.  The boat started, but seeing that the  Empress had not recovered consciousness, the Captain returned and the Empress was carried to the .Hotel Beau  Virago, where she expired.  Another Case of Official Bluff.  JUST   FROM   DAWSON.  S. N. Smith, member-elect for West  Lillooet,  wasi served at his   home in  Lillooet with a petition, said to have  been filed against  him   by Joseph H.  Johnston,  together with a copy of the  alleged petition and of the receipt of the  registrar   of   the  Supreme   Court for  ��2,000 deposited as security. Mr. Smith,  went to Victoria to look after his interests in the matter and put the papers 'in  the hands of his solicitor,  Mr. Gordon *  Hunter.    Mr.   Hunter   found that  no  petition  had been  filed,  and that the  registrar had not1 received the money ,  nor issued the receipt, the alleged copy ���  of which  was   served   on   Mr^JSmith.  The   proceeding* set out in the bogus  papers are in the name of D. S. Wall-  bridge,   solicitor;  for:   the   petitioner,/,  whose address is given as Vancouver,  aud they bear what purports to he his  signature.   They were served on Mr. ���  Smith by  Mr. Samuel Gibbs, a notary  public of Lillooet.   The affair is to be  rigidly    investigated,   especially   the  origin of the receipt for S2.000, to"\vhich  Registrar Drake's name  has been attached.  Another   Brooklyn   Tragedy.  CRANBROOK   CROPPINGS.  Cranbrook wants an assayer and a  photographer.  Sixteen inches of clean ore has been  struck on a claim close to the St. Eugene  group.  Vancouver people have bonded the  Moyie group for $120,000. Fiye thousand  was paid down, and the balance will be  paid in 60 days.  A despatch from Cranbrooksays,"The  railroad is here, capital is pouring in and  Cranbrook is rapidly becoming the town  of all the Kootenays."  W. R. Will returned from Dawson  City this week. He has been in the  north for over a year, and says that  there are many rich claims on the Klondike, but the section is spotted. California Jim McDonald made a smad  stake working a bench claim on Bonanza creek. Jim went east last week.  Toughnut Jack did not lose his legs by  frost as has been reported. Archie  Grant and Pete Anname are in Dawsou.  Walt Carruthers, Jim Ryan and many  other Slocan people are "in the country  but none have made a stake, except  McDonald. Fuel is hard to get around  Dawson and it will be a burning* question this winter. It will probably be  worth 880 a cord, as the timber is controlled by two men. A Government  job in Dawson is almost as good as a  claim on Eldorado creek. The holders  of them can mine right in town and do  not have to pack into the hills. A mail  of 28 sacks arrived on Aug. 5th and it  was not distributed until the llth. The  mail clerks must be slow in Dawson.  THE   BIG    BEND   COUNTRY.  JOTTINGS    FROM WHITEWATER.  Building operations still contnue active. The proprietors of the Star Hotel  are putting on. a good sized addition,  anticipating increased business.  The Spinx mineral claim is a new  location made last week by one of our  wide awake prospectors. No one ini-  agained that a claim could be staked in  such close proximity to the valuable properties owned by the Toronto capitalists.  M. J. Halpin is the lucky man. It is  situated on the south side of Kalso  creek, between Spring and Jackson.  Many surveyed properties surround this  claim This party is also the owner of a  claim in East Kootenay district, on  Pyiamid creek.  Second    Slocan    Boy    Payment.  The second payment on the Slocan  Boy deal has been made by J. L. Retal-  lack. This mine was bonded several  weeks ago to John L. Retallack for  850,000 and a 10 per cent, payment was  made at the time. This second payment was also 10 per cent. Mr. Retal-  luck received a cablegram from London  advising him that the deal is going  through'without a hitch at that end and  authorizing him to make the second  navment.  "There will be a rush of  mining men  and capitalists into the Big Bend  above  Revelstoke next year, almost as great as  that in Rossland in 1895-96," said a mining man   to   the  Miner,   who had just  returned from a visit to  that section.  "The  Big   Bend,"   he continued,   "has  been known as mining district for more  than 30 years.    But in those days placer  mining was the attraction.    Prospectors  went into the  Bend country by the way  of Seymour pass from Shuswap lake, and  the discovery of rich  placer diggings on  French,  Smith   and   McCulloch creeks  attracted a lot of the  diggers from old  Cariboo, where the excitement had wan-  e 1 somewhat after tlie  stirring times of  1S5S-62.    Steamers  plied  on the South  Thompson river between Kamloops and  Shuswap lake,  and at one time it was  estimated that there  were nearly 1.0,000  men engaged  in   placer  mining  in the  Big Bend.    It is stated that between four  and five millions were   taken out during  1864 65, but it was then, and still is,very  difficult to get a correct statement as to  the amount of gold nuggets or dust taken  from any placer diggings."  Assassination   of Austria's   Empress.  A frightful accident by which three  railroad laborers lost their lives occurred on the Robson-Penticton railway  construction on last Wednesday. The  scene of the accident was about seven  miles below Brooklyn where John  Kinnear, Oscar Anderson, Tom Lane-  beau and Dan Ryan had a sub-contract.  Two blasts were being prepared, one  of eight kegs and th�� other of twenty  kegs. In loading the second charge  after twelve kegs had been put in the  hole it became stopped and Lanebau used  an .iron spoon to clear the opening,  when instantly the blast went off.  Kinnear, Lanebeau and Anderson were  hurled 700 feet down the mountain  side and died a few minutes after  striking. Ryan was thrown fifteen feet  and escaped without injury. All the  victims were young men about 25 years  of age and were without families.���Nelson Miner.  Deep   Mining.  Drilling    Contest.  D. J. Chine, one of the pioneer miners  of Boundary creek, declares himself the  champion rock driller of British Columbia. A few days since he met and  defeated A. D. McLeod, the former  champion. Clune drilled 32g inches in  15 minutes, while McLeod only, got  down 30J inches in the same time. The  match was for ��250 a side. ,  Geneva, Switzerland, Sept. lo.���The  Empress of Austria was assassinated at  the Hotel Beau Virago this afternoon by  an  Anarchist,  who   was  arrested.    He  stabbed Her Majesty with a stiletto.  The Empress of Austria, wife of  Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, and  King of Hungary, was born on December 24th, 1837. She was a daughter of  Duke Maximillian of Bavaria, and was  married April 24th, 1854. She had three  children���the Archduchess Gisela, who  married Prince Leopold of Bavaria;  Archduke Rudolph, who married Princess Stephanie of Belgium, and who was  seemingly assassinated in 1889, and  Archduchess Maria Yaloria, who married  Archduke Franz Salvator, of Austria-  Tuscany. The late Empress was an enthusiastic horsewoman.  It appears that Her Majesty was  walking from her hotel to the landing-  place   of the steamer   about 1   o'clock  Since the system of liquefying air has  been simplified and cheapened its uses  in an industrial way have been widely  discussed, in no way is it likely to  prove more beneficial than in deep  mining, where heat must be overcome  by artificial means and the pumping in  of sufficient supplies of fresh air becomes  a problem.  With ample supplies of liquid air,  cheaply manufactured, the temperature  of the deepest mine can be satisfactorily  regulated, the evaporation of the wonderful cooling* medium supplying-necessary oxygen to purify the air. The  problem of following ore veins into the  bowels of the :eartli will be solved by  liquefied air, and sub-terrestia' existence will take on a new aspect. Deep  mining- under the new conditions  promised by science will mean a thorough test of mineral veins to a depth  now undreamed of hy man. The imagination cannot grasp the possibilities  of liquefied air.���The Western Mining  World.   The Cosgrove merry makers gav��,  two performances in Clever's hall,  Thursday and Friday evenings, to  large and appreciative audiences.  Their entertainments were fully up to  expectations; indeed, in many respects  excelled anything* that has ever appeared here, and Mr. Cosgrove can always  depend upon a large house "when his  company returns to New Denver. The  Kinetoscope was the most pleasing feature.  W. N. Papworth, who is covering the  Kootenay country for the New Westminster board of trade, making a collection of minerals for the exhibition to  be held there in October, was in New  Denver yesterday. He states that the  exhibition will oe held on the dates advertised, and that the great fire will not  in any way detract from the success of  the undertaking.  The rooms at the Denver House are  again open to the public, thoroughly-  renovated, and at prices to conform to  the thine8t pocket book carried by the  most luckless traveler.  The MacKay syndicate, of Toronto,  has purchased 888,000 shares in the Iron  Horse, controlling interest. Price.  S30.000. THE LEDOE, NEW DKNVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 15, 1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months .-? .75  Six " !-2��  Twelve ���*' -'�����>  Three years ��� ���'J-00  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  C jrrespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we wiU do the rest.  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.    THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 15. 1898.  OUK    GREAT    INTEKIOK.  The press of the rival cities on the  coast will occasionally stop their  child-like prattle about the "critical  political situation'' and their tiresome  personal wrangling long enough to  say a good word for the great interior.  The Province, in a late issue, says:  "A perusal of tbe Kootenay press  shows that notwithstanding the rush  to the northern gold fields, the development of the interior of British Columbia is going steadily along on conservative lines. Old properties are  being worked vigorously and new  properties are being opened up. The  silvery Slccan, the richest silver  country in the known world, is shipping greater quantities of ore each  month and the construction of a railway from Kaslo to the head of Kootenay Lake will lead to the development of a section of country thought  to contain mining properties richer  and greater in every way than the  famous mines of Sandon and vicinity.  There is nothing more gratifying than  this steady progress of the interior in  British Columbia's affairs. The more  the interior is developed, the better  will the country become known and  the more money will there be to  carry the work along while large  sums are bound to pour in from the  old country where the banks are  overflowing with capital seeking investment. British Columbia is enjoying a wonderful present, but unless all signs fail, its future will be a  thousand times more wonderful still."  Had the coast papers devoted  more of their space to like  fair statements of the interior's greatness and less to the fairy-tales from  the frozen north when the gold craze  was at its height, thousands of people  would have been turned this way  with money to invest, and the  change would have done them good,  besides helping to build up a richer  and better country than Klondike  ever will be.  New Denver's progress of the pas:  half year has been more marked in  many ways than at any time during  a like period in the town's history.  There has been less building going on,  and no outward signs of activity have  been evident, but gradually the  resident population has increased until every house in town is occupied  and there are but two store buildings  vacant, Business in all lines has  become more permanent and a better  feeling is evident than was ever experienced even when the "boom"  days were on.  MAKING KNOWN liKITISH COI^UMJUA  In the London  B. C.  Review  we  find a commentary on an article appearing in the London Times that is  of much interest as showing the feeble  conception by the majority oi London  minds of the importance and vastness  of  Canada  in   general   and  British  Columbia in particular.     "Now that  the people  at home are aware that  tbsre is a vast region called Canada,"  the Review says, "'that it comprises a  confederation of rich  provinces, and,  besides being very loyal to its kindred  of  tlie   Empire,   v-ossesses   an  alert  mind and a healthy body, the Dominion of Canada and its  wants and aspirations, conditions and institutions,  are receiving an  increased share ot  attention from the English press. The  Jubilee and tlie Klondike discoveries  have quickened this spreading interest; and when the Times,   as a few  days ago,   devotes  three columns of  solid matter to tracing tlie gradual  and romantic development of British  Columbia from Indian territory to the  present year of grace,   we know that  the   world   is seeking   information.  As the writer sententiouslv remarks,  'a  certain  glamour  seems to  hang  over every newly-developed region.  There is a sort of indefinite charm to  those who reside in  such  new countries.      All   the    depressing   effects  which are so prominently connected  with the over-crowded and desperately competitive conditions of life in  the older countries are unknown. To  the Colonial there is always a chance  ���and that may be a golden one���  that the country in which he has cast  his lot will one day, perhaps, be peopled with thousands, and that what  now are obscure outlying regions will  someday be connected by railway  systems and have townships formed  within them. However, to the average untravelled man, sitting perhaps  at home in comfort, either retired  from business on a comfortable income or still trying to attain that end,  little is known with any geopraphi-  cal exactitude of such proportions of  our great Empire as British Columbia.  Even the better informed seem to  have an idea that British Columbia is  still a separate colony, and not a part  of the Dominion ot Canada.. To these  it would be well to state at once that  British Columbia constitutes "one of  several provinces constituting the  Dominion of Canada, the other large  ones being Ontario and Manitoba, the  North-West Territories, besides several smaller provinces known as New  Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Quebec.''  Concluding the Times article says:  "To the capitalist and investor,  British Columbia presents one distinct  advantage���viz, it is under the British flag, and consequently every assurance is given that the laws will  be properly administered and every  protection ariven to life and property.  It is also a great advantage to the  country that it has practically been  brought within easy touch of the  great commercial centres of the  world, since almost any portion of it,  except those outside railroad communication, can be reached within a  fortnight after leaving London, the  greatest possible comfort being  afforded moreover both by boat and  rail to the traveler."  Thk people of Nelson who enjoyed  the music of the New Denver brass  band on Dominion day will regret to  learn that the modest seeming members of that excellent musical organization are in reality "emissaries of  hell." This shocking condition of  things was never suspected until the  members of the band gave an open  air concert in New Denver on Sunday,  when a zealous young preacher, according to a report, thus denounced  them.���Nelson Tribune.  HIS    DADDY   TAKES    HIS    PART.  His mammy's always a-whipin' him���  Lord bless his little heart'.  But he looks jest like his daddy  An' his daddy takes his part.  Never have teached him in my life-  Can 't stand ter see 'em start  The tears that rise in his bright blue eyes���  So, his daddy takes his pari.  Never 'pears ter be doin' wrong*���;  Sayin* o' thing so smart.  I stand an' stare���for he ain't four year !  So, his daddy takes his part.  An' he seems ter know it, for sometimes he  Climbs up ter my arms���poor heart:  An' trives mc a kiss like this���an' this���  Kiise his daddy takes his part!  His mammy's always a-whippin' him���  But I ain't, got lhe heart,  For he looks jest like his daddy,  An' his daddy takes his part!  How    Does   This   Irit?  The Shoe and Leather Journal gets  off the following trite criticism of certain classes of people which infest every  community: A woman will go into a  dry goods store packed to the roof with  goods of every style and value and  come out with a live cent paper of pins.  That is what she went in for, and she  got what she wanted. We usually find  what we are hunting. We have known  people to g'o to church and come  away with some grammatical mistake  made by the preacher, when they could  not even recollect the text. When you  find a man always turning up the bad  side of everything you hav�� got a guttersnipe. No man will go noising about  hack lanes and into garbage barrels  who doesn't like the smell of refuse and  love the taste of carrion. Put that  down. The fellow who is a libertine  will tell you that every man is immoral  and that' every woman is immodest;  tlie confirmed liar will tell yon that you  can't trust anyone these days - the  crooked .lnisiiie's-s man will tell you that  you can't be in business to-day and he  a consistent church member. Cynic is  the polite name for the man whose own  evil experience leads him to think that  there is no such thing as . sincerity or  brotherly kindness in the world. Guard  against this disposition to sneer and  scoff at good. Take a square look within when you find yourself souring on  men and things. ' "He that hath a  frowarcl  heart "findeth no good."   Are  THE LAND OF PRETTY SOON.  you finding good or evi  Pv  When the eminent botanist, l'roiessor  Aitman, of. Glasgow, was a small boy  lie h-.d the present of a silver hit.  whereupon his .mother was so worried  with questions as to what lie should do  witli it. that she exclaimed, "Really.you  had better go to Thomas Elliott's (a  well knownf pharmacist) and buy six  pence worth of patience." Down the  street the hov marched and demanded  of the chemist: "Mr. Elliott, please  give me sixpence worth of patience."  Mr. Elliott taking the situation in at a  glance said: "Certainly, my hoy, just  sit down and wait till 1 get it." Prof.  Aitman s endeavor to purchase patience  was a great success. It has never been  forgotten bv himself or his friends.  The London Economist estimates the  cost of the late war to Spain at 8550,-  000,000, with about 8160,000,000 of unpaid bills.   Spanish honor comes high.  I know of a land where the streets are paved  With the things we meant to achieve,  It is walled with the money we. meant to have  saved,  And the pleasures for which we grieve.  The kind words unspoken, the promises broken,  And many a coveted boon.  Are rtowed away in that land somewhere���  The land of ''pretty soon."  There arc uncut jewels of possible fame  Lving about in the dust.  And many a noble and lofty aim  Covered with mold and rust.  And O, this place, while it seems so near,  Is further away than the moon ;  Though our 'purpose, is fair, lyet we never get  there��� ,,        .      '       ���  To the land of "pretty soon."  The road that leads to that mystic land  Is strewn with pitiful wrecks,  And the ships that have sailed for this shining  strand  Bear skeletons on their decks.  It is further at noon than it was at dawn,  And further at night than at noon ;  O, let us beware of that land down there���  The land of "pretty soon."  ���Ella Wheeler Wilcox.  FUNNY     THINGS.  Thev were talking one evening in  Uncle'Silas'country store about hard  winds and strong winds, says a correspondent.  "Speaking of storms," said Abe Wilcox, "I've seen the wind blow so fast  that it blew the town clock hack seventeen davs."  "Well, well!" saidCy Campbell,"perhaps you have seen some strong blows,  but when I lived up in Montana my  neighbor carelessly opened his door  during a storm. Well, gentlemen, you  may think I'm a liar, hut the wind got  right in behind the door and turned the  house completely inside out!"  "And the man J'" gasped several in  one voice.  "Oh he just sat on the stove, and the  wind carried him fourteen miles and  landed him in the top of a peach tree.  Prettv soon a side of bacon and a loaf  of bread came sailing by, and, gentlemen, I'm darned if he didn't light a  fire and cook his breakfast right up in  that tree!"  "Would you," he said, after they had  been sitting there in the dark for a  long, long time, "be angry with me if I  were to kiss you?"  She was silent for a moment. Then,  in tones the meaning of which was not  to be mistaken, she replied:  "Why do you suppose I turned down  theligh't an hour and a half ago !"  Ana yet he wondered, poor fool, how  other voung men who had started far in  the rear were able to pass him in the  race of life.  Scientists have discovered that the  memory is stronger in summer than  in winter. Among the worst foes of the  memory are too much food, too much  physical exercise, and, strangely  enough, too much education.  The creatures known as ocean hydras  have no hearts, no lungs, no liver, no  brains, no nervous system, no organs  save month and skin.  The arms and crest of the present  United States ambassador to England,  ColonelJohnHay, area -whole romantic tale in themselves. In the reign of  Kenneth III, of Scotland, about 980  A.D., the Kings-troops met at Lon-  dartv, in Perthshire, a great army of  Danes. The battle was long and somewhat in favor of the Danish invaders,  Until suddenly there appeared on the  scene an old farmer of the district followed bv his two sons, all three armed  onlv with ox yokes. So bravely, however, did the newcomers fight that the  Danes were driven back,and eventually  routed. After the victory the King sent  ���for the old farmer and asked him his  name. The old man, being very deaf,  answered, after the fashion of deaf folk  all the world over: "Hay? Hay?" His  name was so written down by the  King's heralds, who gave him for a  coat-of-arms three red shields on a  silver ground, typifying himself and his  sons, who had been the three shields of  Scotland. The King also granted him  all the land his pet gerfalcon could fly  around, and the bird being loosed circled the entire earldom of Errol For  this reason a gerfalcon was granted  by way of crest, and subsequently ,fiwo  farmer bovs bearing ox yokes were  added as supporters ' To this day the  land Mown around by the gerfalcon remains in the possession of the head of  Colonel Hay's family���the Earl of Errol.  ���Gerald "Beennan.  The Provincial  cided to erect a  building for the  office to be establi  improvements to  not be nroceeded  grant is obtained  the Legislature.  Government has de-  separate fire proof  new   land   registry  shed in Nelson. The  the court house will  Avith until a further  at the next session of  1898 1898  Provincial  EXHIBITION  Under the Direction of lhe  Royal Agricultural and  Industrial Society .if  British Columbia  Oct. 5 to 13, inclusive  ar, Xew "Wi'stiiiiiister,  ii    conjunction   with    the  Citizens' Grand  Vearl.v   Celebration   >^ll���l��^a^���l^-~-��-,���  $18,000   in   Prizes  Premium List is tho largest  ever oil'ered west of Toronto  Pyro Spectacular Bombardment of SantiagodeCtiba.and  Blowing up of the "Maine"  i followed by an up-to-date Fire  Works Display, which has  'been specially secured for four  nights, at an enormous expense.  i Lacrosse and Baseball  .Matches, Bievcle Meet, Aqua-  'tic, Sailor iind Caledonian  Sports, Promenade Concerts.  Horse Paces, Dog Show,  i    Open to the world.  The  linest    Bands   in   the  Province will  provide music.  Special Rules over all railway and stearnhoit lines.  No entrance fee charged for  Exhibits.  For full information  apply  to���  \V. H.EDMONDS,  Sec. Celebration Committee.  nko  oetrea!  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :   :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Rofal, G-.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager:  I  ������MManp-ip-Hj-ii ^ mw<BEFQ8 *���  HAMLET'S    SOr.II.OQUY    ACCOKDIJSG  TO    HOYLE.  To draw or not to draw, that is the question.  Whether 'tis 8arer in the player to take  The awful risk of skinning* lor a straight,  Or, stand pat, to raise 'em all the limit.  And thus, by blufflny, Ret it.   To draw���to skin ;  No more���and hy that skin to get a full  Or two pair, the fattest houncin kings  That luck is heir to���'t is a consummation  Devoutly to he wished.   To draw���to skin  To skin���perchance to bust-aye, there's the rub.  For iu that draw of three what cards may come  When we have shifted off the uncertain pack,  Must Rive us pause.   There's the respect  Which makes calamity of a bob tailed flush,  For who would hear the overwhelm ins? bund.  The reckless straddle, the wait on the edge,  The insolence of pat hands, and the lifts  The patient merit of hluffer takes,  When he himself might, be much better off  By simplv passing.   What would treys uphold,  And go out on a small progressive raise.  But that the dread of something after call  The undiscovered aee-full. to whose straight  Such hands must bow, pu/.zels the will,  Aud makes us rather keep the chilis we have  Than he curious ahou; hands wo know not of /  Thus, bluffing doth make cowards of us all.  And thus the native hue of a iour-heart flush  Is sicklied with some dark and cussed club.  And speculators in a jack-pot's wealth,  With this regard, their interest turned away,  They lose the right to open.  ���Yellams.  F. P.vman has again commenced to  do business in New Denver. Bring  your watches to him when they are out  of order.  For four-bits   you can  purchase 100  ancient newspapers at this office.  Reliable assays  at Moderate  Prices  ��� Through an arrangement with  MINES AND MINERALS, we  are enabled to offci all, who pay  CASH IN ADVANCE for a  year's subscription to THE  LEDGE clubbed with MINES  AND MINERALS, Five Coupons entitling the subscriber to  Five assays for  Gold and Silver,  Copper, Iron or Lead.  These assays will be made at  the MINKS AND MINERALS  Assay Office,Seranlon, Pa..and  are guaranteed as reliable and  accurate as it is possible to have  made anywhere. Prompt returns will be made in all cases.  Regular subscription lo Minesand Mineral!'., *?a.iH)  Regular subscription to Tin-: Lkik***,   -   -    -V'*1  *1.00  Clubbing Kate, including assays, $2,83  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public;.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  ,     NEW DENVER, B.C.  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT, SOLD AND BONDED.  CORRESPONDENCE   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,   ,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  n my line.  OTEL SANDON,  7ft '  7ft     ^     vft     7ft     7ft'  Sandon, B.C.  ���pHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to aceommodate a large  number of G-uests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  ir you wish to see Minks and Mixkiiai.s before  taking up this offer, send for a free sample copy  toSerauloii, Pa.. mentioning Till' L**i*(*i:.  R. T. LOWERY.  We do what we advertise tojlp.  uIn time of Peace prepare  for War."  How are your  Mattresses?  If they want "making  over���new springs���  new ticking ��� new  wool and excelsior���  now is the time to  have it done. Don't  wait for cold weather.  WALKER & BAKER,  New    Kui'iiitdi-c Dealers ami  Kepairers  Denver's     Undertakers and   ISiiib-ilmers.  N   B.���We have the onlv practical Undertaker  aud EiiibMlmer (ioinir business iu the Slocan.  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and the. Dining Room is provided with everything  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle3v Prop.  CMceGroceries&Provisions  ON  HAM & CRAWFOKD.  SIXTH STREET,        -       - -        -       -       -       NEW DENVER.  ^"Prices are rig-lit and Goods Ahvays Fresh.  Travelers  Will find the  ���O    G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  ASSAVEHS OF B. G.  [-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R K M. London. Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined    and   reported on  for   in  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical  Laboratory. Belle-  vue ave. New Denver. B C.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Sloean City.  GETH1NG & HENDERSON. Proprietors.  NOTICE.  !>7  TOTICE is herebv given thai .'Si* day.-*, after date  Ji I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands aud works'for a special license to cut  and carry away timber from the following de-  cribed lands: 'Commencing at a post marked  Frank Mill, southeast corner, on the west side nf  Slocan Lake about live miles from the north end.  thence we-t eightv chains, thence north i-'i*  chains thence east" eighty chains, thence l'2o  chains'south to starting point, containing nuo  .k.,.,., FRANK MILL.  New Denver, B. C, .Inly **i*, isus.  Goods called  for & Delivered  D  R. A.S. MARS'  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago   G  WILLIM & JOHNSON.  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan  City,  B C  Silverton.  WANTED.  Industrious man of character to travel and ap-  noint agents.   Salary and expenses paid.  SRADLEY-G -VRRETSON COMPANY.Limited  Toronto.  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service ���  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery-  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ft'Y Rates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  \{t L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C. Fifth Year.  THE LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C.,   SEPTEMBER 15 .1898;  THE    SAXONS.  We sing the fame of the Saxon name,  And the spell of its world-wide power  Of its triumphs vast in the glorious past,  And the might of the rising hour;  And our bosoms glow, for we proudly know,  With the flag of Right unfurled,  That the strength and skill of the Saxon will  Is hound to rule the world.  And we glory not in the empty thought  That the Saxon arm is strong.  Nor alone to know, tho' 'tis surely so,  That the seas to her belong.  But this our pride, with Wrong defied,  And the sin-cloud backward hurled,  That the word of God, our triumph rod,  Is bound to rule the world.  In days of yore from the Saxon shore  , Our sea-born fathers came,  j.hey conquered then by the might of men,  And sword, and spear, and flame ;  But to us'tis given, by the voice of Heaven,  Ek With the flag far unfurled,  In our Union's might, by the power of Right,  To rule, 'neath God, the world.  In the olden time there were deeds sublime,  And dear-bought victories won :  For the hearts were true on the heaving blue  Or behind the fortress gun :  And they championed Bight in their rising* might  With their war-flags of old unfurled;  Yea, Wrong went down 'neath the Saxon frown,  But its smile shall rule the world.  And perchance of old if the truth he told,  There were brother hearts estranged :  But the wound is healed and the friendship sealed  As the years have upward ranged.  Let the tale of wrong, now dead so long,  With the old war-flags Imj furled ;  For a peace sublime, iu the coming time,  Is bound to rule the world.  'Tis a mighty dower, this car'h-wide power,  And a mighty task involves ;  With our hearts steel-true, let us hold in view     .  The might of our high resolves;  Let us stand for right in our race's might,  With our fearless flag unfurled ;  For the might of Love, from our God above,  '   Is bound to rule the world.  ���Wm. R. Wood in Montreal Witness.  We may, perhaps, best look at the  subject of ventilation from two standpoints, First, mechanical or forced  ventilation; second, that which is natural or accidental. We see necessity  for forced changing* of the air in such  places as mines, where huge fans force  the fresh currents, or great fires cause  that inequality of temperature upon  which all change of place or air must  depend. In barracks, also, large public  buildings, or any place where many  people are congregated, forced ventilation is, or should be, regarded as imperative. The saddest and most disastrous  lack of mechanical ventilation is generally seen in our schools,which, alt-Bough  containing large numbers of inmates in  the   most   impressible   stage  of   their  lives have almost invariably no means  pressions before they become too much  die engraved with some national or religious symbol, and was struck with a  hammer until it had received the impression of the die. At the present day  the device is first engraved upon a  plug of forged steel, which,when finished, is hardened, and is then called a  "matrix."  From this matrix, by means of a powT  erful fly press, an impression in relief  is taken upon another piece of soft  steel, which when properly shaped and  hai*dened, is called the "punch.' From  this indented impressions are again  taken upon pieces of steel, and these  pieces of steel, after being shaped on  a lathe and tempered, are the "dies."  A good pair of dies will sometimes  vield two or three hundred thousand im-  VENTILATION    AND    SUNSHINE.  1!V EMILY G.   HUNT, M.I).  The most imperative bodly need is  that for air. It is greater than the  necessity for food or drink, for clothing,  for bathing or for exercise. These  needs can be endured for a time at  least, but not so tlie lack of air; without  it, we speedily perish. This crisis, except under phenomenal circumstances,  no one is called upon to meet, yet there  can be no doubt that most people suffer  through life from a chronic lack of fresh  air.  Our lives are passed too much within  doors, where the atmosphere almost  necessarily falls below the standard of  out-of-door purity, for in the house  there are always "many things to contaminate it. Not only are there the  exhalations from lungs and skin of peo-  Ele and animals, but every act of eom-  ustion���the furnace fire in winter, the  kitchen stove ahvays, every lamp at  night, every candle���serves in some  degree to take from our air supply  oxygen and pour into it carbon dioxide  (carbonic acid) and other impurities.  Besides this, there is much dust in  every house, some of it containing decaying organic particles; the cellar and  pantry, unless closely watched, are liable to'contain decomposing bits of food,  and numerous household processes of  washing and cooking give off odors  multitudinous, so that even in good  homes a sensitive nose is frequently  offended upon leaving the clean, open  air of "all outdoors" and coming into  the atmosphere of the house. It is  different, seems close and cramped���we  wish for a few moments at least that we  did not have to breathe it. But soon  we become absorbed in our occupations, the nose is very tolerant and we  forget.   '  In winter these conditions are all  worse than in summer, as closed doors  and windows and artificial heating are,  of course, at their maximum. But by  long habit we become inured, so that  the system will endure these unfavorable surroundings with some degree of  partial success. We are not at all ill;  only at scattered intervals appear cases  of typhoid fever and diphtheria; but  how"many at the end of winter find  themselves listless, nervous and generally run down, unapt for mentaf labor,  irritable and more or less discouraged-  There is not the slightest doubt that  this state of affairs is'eaused by the long  hot Lousing and hard work of winter,  and especially by what these conditions  too often bring with them���the long-  continued lack of sufficient sunshineand  full amount of fresh air. Toward spring  and summer, with fires outdoors ana  windows open, matters improve, to be  followed once more by tlie same relapse  in health as the old unhygienic surroundings are once more resumed.  Now, is this the best that we can do?  Given even furnace heat and over  housing, can we not improve? It is  with the hope that some one maybe led  to try to live more in the open'air anl  sunshine that these few suggestions are  offered.  In the first place, we must be thoroughly convinced of the importance  and dignity of the lungs. They are perhaps the most essential of all tlie organs,  if one regards staying power and a  general sense of vigor and physical  energy; for upon their good work depends the quality of the blood supply,  which is at the root of all vitality. And  no wonder for they contain some 600,-  000,000 air cells, which, if spread out-  flat, would cover an area of 1,400 square  feet. And whether this large area be  constantly bathed in an impure and  poisonous bath or animatedand vivified  by clean air must through the blood act  subtly and surely upon the very springs  of life of the individual  As one sits quietly at work, reading,  unconscious of the movements of respiration, about six quarts of air pass into  the lungs and out of them every minute; this makes, say. about f)0 gallons  an hour, or 50 barrels a day. And it is  perfectly familiar to everyone of intelligence that not only has this volume of  expired air .ost in life-giving oxygen  and gained in carbonic acid, which,  though not absolutely poisonous, is  harmful in that it takes the place of  oxygen, but also that it contains certain  malodorous and directly poisonous organic substances, those that give the  neuseous odor to crowded rooms.  To remove those waste products of  respiration, and at the same time to  admit fresh air in ample amount, yet so  slowly or in such was as not to cause a  draught, these.are the problems with  which the science of ventilation has to  deal, and they are truly difficult  problems. In our climate the subject  of ventilation is so intimately associated  with that of heating- that it can scarcely  be considered separately, because ft  will by no means do to supply these  volumes of fresh air unheated. ' In the  summer, with open windows, the problem solves itself.  of surely and speedily renewing the air  In our homes, for obvious reasons,  there can be no fans nor mechanical  methods of ventilation, and such means  as we here use may be called natural  or accidental. And, alas, accidental indeed the whole too often is. Fortunately, nature is kind, and by providing  many porous substances as building  materials has mercifully provided that  her careless children shall not quite  choke. Though stone walls are nearly  impervious to air, such is not the case  with those of brick, for it has been  proved by actual experiment that one  can blow'a current of air right through  a brick.  Then poorly seasoned timber and imperfect carpentry are to be thanked,  too, for leaving numberless health-  bringinging chinks and cracks around  badly fitting doors and window shases,  rattling in the blasts of March so that  even those who give the subject no  attention still live, at least after a fashion.  In considering the ventilation of any  room we have two points before us���the  outlet for the bad air and the inlet for  the good. One of the best of practical  outlets is furnished by the chimney,  especially if a bright fire be burning  upon the hearth. This causes of course  a strong draught up the chimney, which  carries off with it the bad air���that is, if  the chimney be of g*ood form, the fire  burning briskly, and enough fresh air  be supplied to fill the place of that  which escaped. Should, however, the  housekeeper neglect to supply this, the  cheering fire upon the hearth becomes a  menace to health, as it must be fed with  air, and if sashes be closed tightly and  the drains be not properly trapped, will  break an imperfect water seal and suck  the air from the sewers. This has  actually occurred.  Let us open the windows frequently,  then, even in winter. Let the housekeeper see that the whole house is well  aired once a day ; then suitably warm  ed. See that the heated air supplied by  the furnace comes from outdoors and is  uncontaminated by drains, etc., and  that it is not cellar air, as is still sometimes the case even in otherwise good  houses.  The sleeping-rooms need eternal care.  Too manv close their doors at night.  Where practically they should be left  open and some outdoor air also admitted, but always with a care to avoid a  direct drauglit upon the bed. If the  weather permit, it is well to have bedroom windows fully open all day letting  in floods of fresh air and sunshine. The  doors may then be closed, to avoid chilling the house. Leave the closet doors  open often, while the air and sun stream  in. Did %you ever notice how stuffy  clothing closets, even clean closets,  smell? And no wonder, when we stop  to think of the perspiration and epidermal scales upon the garments.  But through airing of garments and  frequent shaking and sunning will  largely dispel this. If the bedroom be  used as a study,air it thoroughly before  sleeping in it." To feeble children, to  the aged, to the vigorous even, these  simple, often-repeated old fashioned,  yet ever true, precepts do make a vast  difference in the long run. Fresh air  pays, not draughts, and the problem is  to have one ahvays, never the other.  Cold air is not necessarily pure, nor is  warm air by any means needfully impure. It is'a pity people are so afraid  o'night air: what else can we breathe  at night?  Aslmportant in another way as fresh  air is sunshine It is one of the best,  cheapest and most agreeable of disinfectants, since it is fatal to even the  hated germs of consumption and in-  finatcly superior to chemical disinfectants. Our homes need fewer carpets,  fewer curtains, more sunshine; less  tufted and upholstered furniture, dusty,  heavy, expensive, hot and troublesome:  more simple   pieces   of   wood or cane,  worn for use.  The word mint is derived from the  Anglo-Saxon "mynet,"aword meaning  "money"; and a mint is the place designated by law where money is coined  by authority of the government. The  first mint in the United States was  established at Philadelphia.  "The Father of History" describes the  "invention" of coins1 to" the Lydians,  about nine centuries B. C. It is said,  however, that more than 2,000 years B.  C., the Chinese had iron coins that were  dagger shaped The Persian daricwas  one of the most ancient Asiatic coins ;  it was a g*old coin, and was struck  during the reign of Darius, about five  centures B.C.  The first coinage in Rome was in the  year GOO B.C.; the coins were of brass,  brick-shaped, stamped with the figure  or a sheep or an ox, and weighed 4,000  ���grains. Julius Ctwsar was the first  whose head was stamped upon coins by  order of the senate.  The "mite" mentioned in the Bible  was a Greek coin that circulated freely  in Rome and Palestine; In weighed  about 18 grains. Silver was first coined  at Rome 275 B. C, and about 74 years  B. C. the first Roman gold coin was  issued.  The aureus was the heaviest gold,  coin minted by the ancient Romans; it  was worth about $5.03 in our money.  The first coined money regularly minted, and properly so called among the  Jews, was issued in the time of Judas  Maccabeus. In the year 279 A. D., the  Saxons coined the first British piece.  The first colonial coins issued in  America were struck in Massachusets  in 1653; they were three, six and twelve-  pence pieces. By act of congress the  dollar was established July 6,1785; prior  to that date the English pound was  used in the colonies. The first money  coined by authority of the United States  consisted of copper cents; they were  issued in 1793. In 1794 silver "dollars  were coined, and in 1795 gold eagles.  The first United States coins bore the  likeness ofMartha Washington. General Washington appreciated the compliment thus paid to himself and wife,  but was much worried because he was  afraid his political opponents would  think the image of Mrs. Washington on  the coins indicated a love and desire  for royal honors, so he had the die  changed.  NKURALGIA.  Though it may  strange to us  appear  who think Ave are familiar with the commoner forms of neuralgia, or nerve  pain, such as toothache, headache and  headache and the like, it is not easy  always to say whether the pain we are  suffering is really a neuralgia pure and  simple.  In point of fact, neuralgia is a name  for a condition rather than a disease,  and only implies that in the course of  the nerve in question there is pain  which is not caused by any disease of  the parts supplied by that nerve, or of  the nerve itself.  The causes of neuralgia, then, are to  be found in conditions outside of the  trouble itself. For instance, there may  be a tumor pressing* upon the nerve  and continually irritating it. In the  same way foreia*n bodies, such as bullets, may set up a persistent neuralgia.  Ends of nerves, by becoming inuolved  in the contraction of a scar,may become  sufficiently  compressed to give rise to  unbearable pain. Sometimes veins  which are near nerves, or follow their  course through lon<r, bony canals, become sufficiently distended to irritate  the nerve.  Or there may be poison in the blood,  like malaria, arsenic or lead, which, by  lowering the general vitility of the  body, contributes to a general nerve  weakness and irritability.  In a large proportion of cases the real  cause of neuralgia is so general as to be  quite obscure. The exeiting cause���or  occasion���of asingle attack of neuralgia  is usually getting chilled, or over-exercising the part subject to the complaint.  As many of us know by experience,  the course of an attack of neuralgia is  extremely varied. The pain may be  continuous, remittent or intermittent,  temporary or persistent, located at one  spot or diffused over a large area, and  may be shooting, aching or burning in  character.  By way of treatment we may use  locally any good liniment, blistering*,  hot.fomentations'or electricity.  Iron and quinine are of the greatest  value internally, especially where the  system is run down, or there is a malarial taint in the blood. Anti-rheumatics must, of course, be resorted to  in case of a rheuintic origin. In these  latter cases there is nothing like absolute rest and regular and nourishing  diet.  Morphine and other opiates should  be used but sparingly in neuralgia*, and  never in cases of debility or old age.���  Youth's Companion.  Europe'**   Standing   Armies.  Russia, of all countries on the face of  the earth, possesses the largest standing  army, and each year it is growing larger and larger. Every year some 280,-  000 conscripts join the army, which in  the time of peace numbers 1,000,000.  On a war foot this rises to 2,500,000 men,  and the calling out of the reserve would  increase it to 6,947,000 trained soldiers.  Should necessity arise, the second and  third bands of the Opoltschenie (or  militia), consisting of untrained men,  could be called out by Imperial Ukase,  thus swelling the Russian army to the  enormous total of 9,000,000 men.' France  comes next, with a standing armv of  589,000 men, rising to 2,500,000 in time  of war, which the calling* out of the  reserves would increase to 4,370,000.  Despite this tremendous force, the  French army is increasing year by  year, and in 1898 will see an addition of  some 16.000 men. The German army,  which is rightly considered a model of  military perfection, numbers 585,000  men in" peace. Within ten days of the  declaration of war Germany could put  2,230,000 trained men into the field, and  the calling out of the reserves would  increase this number to 4,3000,000.���  Pearson's Magazine.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  ANADIAN  Dominion,  Felix  St. Kevernc, O. JJ. H., Exeter,  and    Payne    Fractional  Mineral   Claims.  R  ACiFIC  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay  District.   Where  located:     On  Payne mountain, on the north slope.  fPAKifi  NOTICE   That I,   Charles   .vfoore, of  L    Kaslo, B. C, and acting* as agent* for the St.  Keverne Mining Company, Ltd., free miner's  certificate    No.    12,i3fiA,   intend,   sixty   clays  from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining  Recorder    for    a    certificate     of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the ahove claims.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must he commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this .Oth day of September, lS!i8.  , CHARLES .\IOORE, P.L.S.  Itio Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay  District.      Where   located:   In  Best Basin, McGuigan Creek, near Okanag-an  mineral claim.  rriAKE NOTICE that I, William S. Drewry, act-  1    ing* us agcntforE. A. Bielenberg, free miner's  certiiicate No. 2.0R07A, Daniel Cosgriff, free miner's  certificate No.-I702A and T.F.CosgrifT. free miner's  certiiicate No. ���17ii'lA, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to flic Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the ahove claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must he 'commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 27th dav of August, 18i)8.  \V. S. DREWRY.  Jeaiiette Mineral  Claim.  AILWAY  AND SOO-PACIFIC LINE.  SHORTEST  AND  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Four  miles east of Rosebery, east of Wilson creek.  rpAKE NOTICE that I. Herbert T. Twifig,  1 agent for Frank Kelly, Free Miner's Certificate No. 12087A, intend, sixty davs from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must he commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 25th day of August, 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  TO ALL   EASTERN   AND  EUROPEAN POINTS.  TO PACIFIC COAST.  Q.   ��� ��� ^x. . ,  _���._      JAPAN,  CHINA   AND  UICKEST AUSTRALIA.  DHl  ITC TO THE rich and ACTIVE  nUU I t mining districts of  Klondike  and the Yukon, ���'  Close connections and no trouble.  Through tickets issued and Baggage checked  to destination.  "TOI IRIQT"      PASS  REVELSTOKE  I  Si>irJL,i? ' '"     DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  GARS      DAILY (except Wednesday)  \_/ /-\ I * v_>        TO EASTERN CANADIAN  and U. S. POINTS.  Daily train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding  8:45 a. m. Arrives New Denver Canyon Siding  3:50 p in.  Boat connection daily (except Sunday) via  Rosebery: Leaves New Denver 8.35 a. in;  arrives New Denver 4 p. in.  Ascertain   present   REDUCED   RATES  and  full  information   hy   addressing   nearest  local agent or���  G. B, GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. Agt., Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  ^STtUl sensible people, travel via C. P. Ry and  Soo line.  Silver  Hell  No.   2   and  .Dump  Mineral Claims.  Fraction  Reasonable  Prices  and the best and freshest line of  Groceries,  Canned Goods,  Fine Teas and Coffees  Are the rule at  T. H. Hoben's  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of -West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Surprise, Keno and Gladstone  mineral claims, in Best Basin, McGuigan  creek. *  rpAKE NOTICE that I, William S. Drcury,  1 acting as agent for the Native Silver Bell  Mining Company, Limited, of Rossland, B. C,  Free Miner's Certificate No. 13145A, intend  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th day of August; 1808.  W. S. DREWRY.  Black Fox, Red Fox,   Grey Wolf,   Black  Bear, Black Fox Fraction, Red Fox  Fraction,   Grey    Wolf  Fraction,  and    Black      Bear     Fraction  Mineral    Claims.  Situate in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located: In  Cariboo Creek Camp, north of Snow Creek.  ���'PAKE NOTICE that I, A. P. Patrick, acting  1 as agent for The Silver Queen Mining Co.,  Limited Liability, Free Miner's Certificate No.  107-12A, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claims.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 15th day of August, 1898.  A.P.PATRICK.  l. 2817 a. 1.  Constant Mineral Claim.  k  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  of cars between Nelson and Rossland  and Spokane and Rossland.  Direct Route to the  Mineral District of the Colville Reservation,   Nelson,' Kaslo,   Kootenay .  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  DAILY   SERVICE.  Leave.  6:20 a. m  12:05 "  8:30 a. m  Arrive-.-  5:35 p.nr  11:20a. m.  3:10 p.m  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Train leaving Nelson at 8:80 a. m. make close'  connections at Spokane with trains for all  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  C. &. DIXON, Spokane, Wash  W  , S. Dukwhy  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twice-  New Den ver. B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyor.-  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford., McNeil Code.  it-jTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  clean and light.  Let us open the windows and let in the  air and sun; let us sit in the sun, walk-  on the sunny side of the street ard seek  the sun's coinpany. Except in the dog  days, we shall find it one of the best  physicians, not only cheering* the heart  with its beauty and the indefinable  happiness it gives us, but also in many  ways, none the less real !that they are  not fully understood,preventing disease  and contributing to health. One of the  most pitible parts of the body, and in  many one of the most uncomfortable,  too, are the feet, which never have a  ray of direct sunshine, for they are  ahvays m a leather prison or else are  in bed.  Volumes, it seems, might be written  upon fresh air and sunshine, giving  reasons of scientific value why we  should earnestly strive to flood our  homes with both". As this is no place  for volumes, let me add but one word  more; it really matters. '.'If ye know  these things, happv are ve if ve do  them."  A    COIN-  TALK.  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills."  Situate in the Slocan Milling* Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Cody-  Creek and adjoining- the Bolander mineral  claim, L. 2113 G. 1.  TUKE NOTICE that I, A. S. Farwell. as agent  1 for A. W. McCune, F. M. C. 151727, W. L.  Huge, F. M. C. saofifi, E. V. McCune, F. M. C.  *-*5322, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining- Recorder for a certiiicate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown gran**- of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced hefore thc issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 11th dav of .Inly, 18!*8.  A. S. FARWELL.  KASLO& SLOGAN RY  TIME CARD  Taking effect 1.00 o'clock .a. m.  Sept. 1, 1898, Pacific or 120th Meridian time.  Subject to change without notice  Leave 8 30 A.M.  "    8 .05 "  "    II 1.0 "  " 10 00 "  '��� 10 08 "  " 10 20 "  " 10 31  10  1.0 '  Arrive,  Air.  ���1  30  3  05  t  10  2  C!>  i  .".ii  i  38  i  23  i  15  P.M  AI turns, Alps  and Alps V  Claims.  ���action Mineral  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  Whitewate*      :  Bear Lake  McGuigan '  Cody Junction  "  Sandon Leave  CODY   LINE.  Leave. 11.00 a.m ��� Sandon ��� Arrive, 11.51* a.m  ll.l"   " Cody Junction Leave, 11.50 a.m  Arrive, 11. 2.0  ���'     ���Cody   ��� "     11.35 a.m  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  For cheap railroad and .steamship tickets tc  and from all  [joints, apply i >  S.   CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  Situate/I   in   the  Slocan   Minim;   Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  On divide between   Wilson Creek and north  fork Carpenter Creek.  ���TAKE  NOTICE  that. I.   Herbert  T.    Twi{*k,  L    a-1 rent for the Golden Canyon Gold and Silver  Mining Company. Free Miner's  Certiiicate No.  32i*52a. intend, oo days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining* Recorder fur a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claims.  And.    further    take    notice,   that   action  under    section     37,    must    lie     commenced  before the issuance of such  certificate of Im  provements.  Dated this 1.8th day nf August lSflS.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  NAVIGATION  & TRADINQCO.,  LTD.  Summer Time Curd effective .June 20. IS'.iS.  Subject to change without notice.  SS.  I South Hound  i  Read down.  I Train Ivs Dally,  e  Apis Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the Sloean MiniiiK Division of West  Kootenay District. Where iocated: About  three-quarters of a mile from Sandon and  adjoin ing the Slocan Belle mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE   that  we.   E. M.   Saudi lands,  free miner's certificate No. 1W.12A, June 1st.  1S08, Sandon; and J. H. Gray, Ire;) minor's certificate No. -b'c'iA, August 22il'. 1807. Kaslo. intend  sixtv days from  the date hereof to apply to the j  'Mining "Recorder  for a certiiicate   of  improve- |  incuts,   for   the  purpose of obtain ing a Crown j  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under sec- |  tion 37 must be commenced before the i-'Siianco i  of such certificate of improvements. j  Dated this llth day of August. l��is. j   , _ _ |  Conductor Mineral  Claini.  INTERNATIONAL.  North Bound  Read up.  SAXDON  l.oo pm   Train ar daily lo.OO am  KASI.'i  ���'       3.15 pm   Trai  3.30 am     ���Kaslo���  Z.      "     1.30 am    Ainsworth  i~      *'     5.IK) am     Pilot Bay  a        "  '  5.30 am       Balfour  ���iBoat anl.in ain, Five Mile Pt  '       "     7.15 am       Nelson  s Train ar 10.05 am Northport.  =       ���'      1120 am   Rossland  Spokane  ������    ar  ;Boat lv  3 10 pm  SS-  lv    *  Boat  8 oo am  'iv 8.30 pnia  7.3ii pm-  0.15 pm =  O.lii pm-"  5.23 pm jj  v 1.15 jmi ^  Train  lvl.55 pm_>>  12.ua purs  8.30 aillQ  .  Rend II]).  trai:  ar 10,5(1 am  of West  i:   Twin  Iii very ancient tunes commerce was  carried on practically by barter. There  was always a necessity, however, for a  common standard, and any commodity  was said to be worth so many sheep,  oxen, etc. In course of time it was  found much more convenient to express the value of most commodities  by bits of leather, on which certain  marks were made, indicating* the number of beasts each piece was worth.  These stamped bits of leather were tlie  first coins.  The precious metals were first made  use of as currency in the form of unstamped bullion," and values and  amounts were then determined and expressed by weight: hence the origin of  the terms'pound, livre, mark, etc.  The original process of coining was  indeed simple. A piece of metal, having a defined weight, was placed on a  ames  T  Situate in the SI >cau .Mining Division  Kootenay District. Where |or-:ite<  Lakes Basin.  UKK NOTICE that f. Herbert T. Twigg.  agent for William H. Elson. Free Miner's'c'er-  titicatr No.ii^-O'iA. intend, sixty days from tin: dale  hereof, to apply to (In- Mining "Recorder for .*'.  certilie'ite of improvements, for tbe purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of tin- above, claim.  And further lake notice that action under Sec. '  37 must he commenced before Ihe issuance of such I  cert ilicato of iiiiproeeineuls.  Dated this 2Sfli dav of .liih-. istis. !  HERBERT T. TWRit;.     ;  ALBERTA.  Read down.  Sandon  Daily train lv l.oo pm        Daily  Kaslo  " ar 3.15 pm *'        lv  s.oo am  .y   Boat lv 5.110 pin MniVT Boat nr I.ik.i pm  ���j,*Z " 0.20pm Ainswni'th Boat ar 11.in pm_  ~x       ''    7.oo pin   Pilot Hay "      ll<opm(5  C, '       " ln.mpm Kuskonook       "        s.iojim^  ���* I2.no pin (inat  River      "        0 no pm,g  --*���*! *���   l.ooam   Boundary        ''        .o.'m pni>,  -= 5 ���* ar .s.iki am Bonner's F'ry ��� lv 2.<��) purs  >xTrain lv ll.lu am " Train ar 1.1.1 pm ��  "*"       "     ar 2..15 pm Spokane      "     Iv^.-Ooiunx  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain liquors and  cigars that cannot be surpassed for  quality and flavor in the Slocan.  Old and new patrons will find this  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON & CO.  Mollie  Tryo  llnglicv,    Ileal   Idea   No.  ii,  and   Kinkorn   Mineral  'i,   I'into,  i-laims.  SPECIAL KooTKXAV  LAKE SERVICE.  Commencing -Inut* -''. 18'iS.  Un Monday'. Thursday and Friday -s Alberta  will leave Kaslo.O p. m. 'or Ainsworth. Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Li-twiiiL' .Wlson at .s a. m.. Tuesday. Friday and Saturday, <-.nlling.it Pilot Bay,  Ainsworthand Kaslo, and all way points.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER,Gen'l Mlt  P. O. Box- 122, Kaslo. B.C.  ft Prosiecte' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  T  Situate in tiie Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay  District. Where located: About  urn-mill, north of Now  Denver,  on the shore  .if Slocan Lake.  UKK NOTICE that I.  \\V  S.   Drewry, ofthe  town ol   Kaslo.   acting-   as   agent for M. E.  Brag*lon. Free Miner's ('crti'ieaie' No. S.0'127: H. '  Clever. Free Miner's Certiiicate No. 1007H.A,- Harry !  Slieran, Free Miner's Ci-niiiejife No. 120O1.A:  and ;  Thos. Avison. Five Miner'sCertlficate No.lutillA.  intend sixty da vs from   the dab-   hereof to apjily  lo the .Mining   Recorder  for a   certificate of mi-i  provements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown '���  grant, of the, above claims. j  And further take notice that action under sec- i  tion 37 must he commenced before the issuance i  of such certificate of improvements. j  Dated this nth dav of .lulv. isiis   ' ' W. S. PRE WRY  AGENTS.  Iain just starting the best thing lor money-  making you have seen for many a day. Your  name anil address will bring the golden information.  T. H. LIXSCOTT. Toronto  Assay Price  List  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each   GokL Silver and Lead, combined   Gold and Silver   Silver and Lead   Copper (by Electrolysis;   Gold. Silver. Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper   Silver aud Copper   Gold, Silver and Copper      Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese   Lime, Magnesium. Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each   Bismuth,Tin. Cobalt. Nickel, Antimony.  Zinc, and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carbon. Volatile Mutter, Ash.  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)   Terms: '.C.-ish AVitli .Sample.  June 20th. 189,0.  FRANK DICK,  Ansa ver un.i  .1;  S1.5U  .*; ik)  2 110  2 OO  2 of)  1 00  2 50  2 50  S HO  5 (K)  2 00  2 00  2 HO  ���I 00  oil , St THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., SEPTEMBER 15, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0ORDS.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  ���week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive- were  as follows :���  LOCATIONS.  Sept G-Kobson, Wilson creek, W M Coffey.  Dixie Queen, same. Jacob Stierle.  Sept 7���Imperial, head north fork Eight Mile,  Carter H Brindle. ������T��� ^      ,,  Orwell Fraction, Sea ton creek; W J McDonald.  IE W, north fork Carpenter, John Knight,  "Willie Eccles.  Little Jack, Eight Mile, Jos Brandon.  Flipper, Four Mile, Albert Wilds, D Day, J C  O'Connor.  Sept &���Commander, Carpenter John. S W  Pugh  War Fraction, London Hill Fraction, O T  Stone. ,,���..���  Prince Albert Fraction, Twin Lake Basin, J R  Cameron. ..,;,���  Black Jack, Trout creek, Mike Mellan.  Sept 9���Kingsdear, Carpenter, L N Long.,  Black Prince, Bonanza creek, Dan O'Dram.  Arino, head Lucky Jim Slide, C J Sarin.  Sept 10��� M G, Seaton creek, J Geo McDonald.  Violet Fractional, Tributary creek. P Burns.  Sept 112���Satisfaction, Silver mountain,  A J  Marks. ' '  Sarcee, Four Mile, Chas L Copp-       ��� ���, ,  ,.  Grey Eagle, Alpha mountain. Chas McMcholl.  ASSESSMENTS.  SKi'T 6���Slavonic.  Sept 7���Wait-a-Bit, Bristol, Le Roi.  Sepi",)���Victory, Hampton, Last Chance No 11  (two years).  Seit 10��� Bruce, Bessie.  Sept 12���Independent Fraction, Libby R,  Alhamhra, Liberator No 2.  TRANSKEKS.  Sept 3��� Missing Link, Jas Ward to Herman  Clever. '    ^T  Lost Tiger {j. I Lonergan and N C Dmgman to  Herman Clever, Aug IS.  Lost Tiger J, Chas S Rashdall to same, June 17,  Admiral Dewey, Ernest Rammelmeyer to Chas  E Hope, July 2.  Sept (i���Cody Fraction .', Joker Fraction i,  "Win Callahan to Fraser II Lantz, Aug.23, S8,'J00.  Edinburg 1/12, R W Gordon to David Brem-  ner, Aug 18. ., ���  Essex "Fraction, Edinburgh, David Bremner to  Geo H Dawson, Sept 6.  Sept 9���Snowflake J, Wm Clough to David  Williams, Sept 8.  Convention Fraction 1/G, A CBehne to A E  Fauquier, July 16.  Sept 12���Champion, Butterfly, International,  Alexander Sproat, administrator, to Charles  Rollo, all interest of Antonio Rollo, deceased,  Sept 10, $85.  PERMITS GKANTEI).  Aug 20���To ME Bragdon, permission to relocate Estell, Silver montain.  Permit to apply work on trail for Mountain  Goat mineral claim.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Aug 31���Garland Fraction, AT Garland;  August, John Riddell.  Sept 1���Invincible, L W Perland-, Rebel, AO  Rebel; Toronto, R J Stenson; Big Dick, H Richardson; Golden Gate, R Pollock; Iroquois, Wm  Haley; Molly Riley Brooklyn, James Latham;  Golden, H R Stov'ell; Frontenac. W W Freeman  Sept 2���Mammoth, H Griffith; Dewey, D Luak;  St Kathryn, NK Franklin.  Sept 3���Sphinx, M I Halpin; Kerowgaret S  Nicks; Kootenay Star Fraction, N D Moore;  Eagle Eye, F Alstrom; Toronto, C H Bigham.  Sept G���Grampaian. F S Andrews; Kaslo, Jno  Riddell land M Jardine; Canney, R Bradshaw*;  Vermont, F Townsend; Caiicelor, R A Rogers;  Floivns, Toby Fraction, O T Stone; LabourDay  Fraction, J Anderson; 0 K, Mayflower, BAG.  D U Harris.  ASSESSMENTS.  Sept 1���Iron wood. Burlington, Hungry Five,  Fletcher, Huerfano.'  Sept 2���Tambafour. Nip and Neck, Stanley,  Horse Shoe, Good Luck, Big Horn. Democrat,  Trcadwell, Kootenay Star.  SeptS���Silver Queen, Silver Queen Fraction,  Kanapolis, Gnat, Tipton, Grand Republic No 2,  Mountain Glory, Morning Glory.  Sept 6���Ludwigton, Plow Boy, Hope, Protection, Kootenay (2 years), Vancouver. Granite,  Santa Maria, Golden Gate, Flying Cloud, Mystic  Region, Ontario No 2. Toronto.  thaksfehs.  Aug 31���John Hastie to P A Paulson, joint  interest in mineral claims Iron Chief and Admiral Dewey.  Sept 1���Notice of warning against dealings in  relocation of Golden Eagle bv Geo Hageman.  William John J. Mrs E Turner to Win Haley.  Black Eagle, Olds, Hillside, Pond. Hill Top,  Eva Jane. Lucky Bill, Sheriff Robinson to F  Mountain, shertfTs sale, 8110.  Sept2���Monitor, Mainlander and Elsie,4, W  H Voom, R Densmore, N Luke to R Elliott. "  Allan, W G Robb to KootenayColumbia Prospecting Company.  Sept 3���Gem Fraction. Bob Reid,Salute, Bijou,  all int.Humboldt and Sailor Boy J, Albert Mac-  Laren to J Barnet MaeLaren.  Stars and Stripes 3, S Nicks to Jas Chisholm.  Iceberg, Snowdrift, Billy B, Brown Hill and  Black Hawk, H Rov Stovel to James Anderson.  Sept G���Golden Hope J, J S Hicks to T R Morrow.  'King Rose 1/G, Burnt Hill and Red Dirt J. El  Captain. Triple Alliance and Callumet 1/22, A R  Macdonald to same.  Iron King, F Manuel to H Klapack.  Labour Day Fraction, J Anderson to Geo Alexander. ���   WINDERMERE   MINING   DIVISION.  This division at the present time,  more than any other mining'division in  southern British Columbia, is attracting*  the most attention from mining- men,  prospectors and capitalists. It lis the  southern divison of the district of North  East Kootenay and is easily reached  from the north and south by way of  Golden and Fort Steele, while many of  the prospectors have come from the  west over the divide from West Kootenay. Tlie richest mineral portion is  that which 'lies west of the Columbia  river. The chief properties have been  found up Toby creek, Horse Thief  creek, No. 2 crock and their tributaries,  ���indeed, the rush into Toby creek from  the east and west is greater than the  rush that took place into Perry creek,  in the Fort Steele Mining* Division, in  l8f>r>-() but with better results. Some  valuable locations have been made  there. The majority of the locations  made in this division have been made  on this creek. The mining records  show that up to this date ('8 miner's  licenses have been issued, 1-15 claims  staked and recorded, that upon 38  claims assessment work has been done  and recorded, and chat there have been  38 bills of sale and transfers recorded,  and that sufficient assessment work has  been done on seven mineral claims to  entitle the owners to apply for certificates of improvement so as to obtain  Crown grants.  Little prospecting* has been done on  the east side of the Columbia river, as  the supposition exists that the Rockies  between Ottertail creek and Canal Flatt  are comparative barren in mineral,  although behind the town of Windermere a valuable copper property���the  Swansea���is being rapidly developed  under a bond for 85,000. On the west  side the mineral showings are very  strong, particularly near the summit of  the Selkirks. In fill the creeks within  a few miles intervals are good camping-  places with plenty of feed.  What has brought Windermere most  into prominence has been the interest  taken in it by men from West Kootenay, particularly Rossland.    The pros- i  pectoi-s have come over the divide, as  there is an old trail up Toby creek connecting- East and West Kootenay.  Their valuable finds have attracted the  attention of others and more have followed.  It is onlv a matter of time when a  railway .vill be running- through this  division north aud south, connecting  with the Crow's Nest Pass Railway at  Cranbrook and joining the Canadian  Pacific railway at Golden, and branches  from there up'the various creeks to the  rich mines which are now being rapidly  developed.���East Kootenay Miner.  UPRAISING   AND   "WIN ZING.  As between upraising and win zing "between levels in metal mines, the former  is the cheaper method' says the Mining  and Scientific Press.   Gravity assists in  the removal  and blasting  of the ore.  Two men will upraise from four to six  feet in hard rock in a shaft in a hole 4x4  feet.   The work is much easier on the  men, as they   have  no ore to shovel,  while in the winze two men  with the  aid of the two men at the windless, will  only sink from two to two and one-half  feet in a shaft in fair rock.  The serious  objection to overhand work is the great  danger from falling rock and the liability to guard against it.   These upraises  or winzes  serve   several  purposes of  ventilation, subdivision ofthe vein, and,  when mining operations are begun, the  upraise is timbered and becomes a chute  for the delivery of the ore.  In the overhand methodof. working out a vein,after  the levels have been driven and the  vein blocked out by upraises into blocks  of 150 feet in length and the width of  the vein, then the workable blocks of  vein matter are stoped from the upraise  both ways for a distance of 75 feet.  The  miners begin at the upraise and break  away a slice as wide as the vein and six  or seven feet high.   The ore is then  picked over and delivered at the level  below.   After a slice has been removed,  the hill hole is timbered, the heighth of  the slice removed, with close laid, round  logs of about six inches in diameter.  One slice after another is removed until  the upper level is reached and the block  is exhausted.   It is not uncommon in  the working veins which are entirely  pay dirt to allow  the  broken ore to  gather in the waste space to such convenient height as will give the mine* s a  footing. The excess is removed,andthe  whole accumulation is removed as soon  as the stope is "exhausted.    The ore  which accumulates in the chute is drawn  off as rapidlv as circumstances will permit.   The chute is never emptied but is  removed only of the excess.   This plan  prevents the rolling of the ore down the  chute, and so prevents an excessive pulverization of the ore.   As rich ore is  usually brittle, the loss induced by such  pulverization would be great.  BONANZA   MAC-KAY'S   VIEWS.  He   Says  tlie  Kootenay Mountains   are  Loaded with tlie Precious Metals.  When passing through Winnipeg a  day or two  ago J.  W. Mackay, the  bonanza king of California, worth, it is  estimated, all the way between ��50,000,-  000 and.S100,000,000, accorded an interview to the Winnipeg Free Press.   Mr.  Mackay,   as is well-known,  is a very  observant   man.    He  remarked   that  Winnipeg had made great progress the  last few years, and he was pleased to  observe  the  changes  for   the   better  everywhere. He referred to its advantageous location for controlling the trade  of   Manitoba, the Territories,   and  a  considerable  portion of that of eastern  British Columbia.   In reply to the observation that he had become interested  in British Columbia mining properties,  Mr. Mackey said, "Well, some of my  friends have invested  largely in the  Rossland district, and I dare say I am  interested in the success of my friends'  enterprises.   There is any amount of  gold  and  silver   in those mountains.  The mining industry will never cease,  not even for a thousand and one years.  British Columbia is a very rich district,  as rich as any,  I believe, in the whole  world.   A few vears ago  I was strolling   with   friends   in   Virginia   City,  Nevada.  My friends were looking down  a smoking cavity in the ground, whose  bottom was soon" lost in the darkness,  at the mouth of which a windless was  slowlv grinding.    When I came up to  them'l said, casuallv. 'out of that hole  I took $150,000,000 in bullion.'   It was  one of the famous Bonanza mines and  was a 'kidney' or 'pocket' of crude ore,  about as high as the steeple of Trinity  church, New York, and in area, as large  as   the city  hall   park, of your city.  Your western Province   has   a   great  future," continued Mr* Mackay; "but I  do not know of any laws in mining the  application of which would lead to the  discovery of other bodies of ore like the  one   T mentioned.    Nature   had   in  a  prodigal mood,  buried this 'kidney' in  the Nevadas, and perhaps she may not  have   been   less   niggardly in British  Columbia.   But there is no law in mining but the nick," said in conclusion one  of'the world's best authorities.  Gladstone's    Will.  The will of the late Hon. William E.  Galdstone has been probated. It shows  that his personal estate is valued at  ��'59,SOU. Mr. Gladstone's will was written bv himself in an ordinary memo-  randiim book. It is a document of  about 2,000 words and is a remarkable  specimen of penmanship. The second  clause of the will has reference to his  funeral arrangements and says: "Commending myself to the infinite mercies  of God in tlie incarnate Son as my only  and sufficient hope, I leave the particulars of my burial to my executors,  specifying "only that they be very  simple and ; private, unless there be  conclusive reasons to the contrary.  And I desire to be burie'd where my  wife may also lie. On no account shall  a laudatory inscription be placed over  me." After appointing his sons as executors, the will charges the future  possessors of Hawarden to remember  that, as 'head of the family, it will be  his duty to extend good offices to other  members thereof according to his ability* and their manifest needs and merits.  T'he rest of the document leaves  souvenirs to servants and bequeaths to  his grandson William, as hierlooms all  patents of the crown offices held by the  testator and books and prints presented  to him by the Queen, letters from the  Queen, etc. The will bears the -"ate of  November 26th, 1896.  USURY   EXTRAORDINARY.  Aristide M. Lapierre, of Buckingham,  Que., loaned David Nailon, an illiterate  farmer, $25, the interest upon which  accumulated at such a rate that after  making several payments on February  13th, 1895, Nailon gave Lapierre his note  for $125, bearing interest at $2 per week,  upon which note Lapierre brought  action March 3nd, 1895, and judgement  was rendered by default for the ��125 with  interest, costs $25.60 and sub-costs $8.25.  To a seizure effected by Lapierrie, Nailon  filed an opposition, claiming he had  overpaid Lapierre, and in fact he had  paid him $217.05, besides other sums  from time to time for interest, and so on,  which opposition was maintained by the  Superior Court of Quebec, but Lapierre  appealed to the Court of Queen's Bench,  appeal side, which reversed the judgment on the opposition, sustaining the  judgment of the Superior Court in the  original action for the $125, upon which  the interest accrued till February, 1898,  amounting to the sum of $338'03, the  Court of Appeal judgment also condemning Nailon to pay the costs of appeal and the costs of the Superior Court  on his opposition, which amounted to  $292.70 additional, making the whole  debt for the original loan of $25 amount  to $779.60, the "interest on the $125 still  accumulating at the rate of $2 per w^ek.  The question is up before the Superior  Court at Hull by way of additional op  positions, in which  Nailon claim the one  terest, their deceased  the farm of Nailon  process of being sold by Lapierre. Nailon alleges that he never intended to sign  any such contract as that upon which  Lapierre brought his action.  H. H. Knox,  Has removed to the  the   children   of  undivided half in-  mother's share in  ,  which, farm is in  Sabbath   Observance.  Newmarket  Block and is prepared to repair  everv description of  Disabled  Watches.  "History from the dawn of historic  man records the rise and fall of grand  civilizations that, having attained the  apex of their material grandeur have  waned and finally died,' and it will be  found that their downfall was the  result of the abandonment of those  landmarks of spiritual guidance that  have and ever will be as beacon lights  to man amid the material quicksands of  this terrestial life. Therefore, we .say,  that with a rampant materialism on all  sides, let us hold fast to that which to  our forefathers seemed good, and which  many an indifferent one recalls as a  memory of early childhood; namely,  the traditional day of rest and contemplation, not of "necessity within the  sanctury, but wherever it may seem  meet, and that the rising generation  may be trained along those0 lines of  thought best calculated to preserve that  aspiration after guidance from the  Light that never fails-  Lord God of Hosts be with us yet,  Lest we forget!  Lest we forget!"  ���Kaslo News.  Specials  newSuitings  in  I have lately received a stock of  well-selected, handsome suitings  ��� for Spring make-up, and I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. Some excellent qualities  and patterns, and at especially  low prices���lower than ever put  upon the market in this section  before.  I guarantee a neat, natty fit.  aiid satisfaction in every particular. Are. you wanting a Spring  suit?  M. A. WILSON,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B.C.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in,' a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  Don't Wait  Come immediately and get the benefit of first  choice of the large stock of  just received at the POSTOFFICE STORE.  v*  ^'That cut rate shoe sale is not quite over yet, but it will not last  much longer.   Call and get a bargain. SAN-DON, B.C.  D. E.Gell&tly * Sons   DEALERS IN ���  Farm Produce, Fruits;  and Vegetables. oka���aga��� Lake,  For the convenience ofthe trade a stock is always kept on hand in the  Jelland Building-, SANDON, Mines supplied at wholesale rates. Cars  loaded with Produce, Fruits and Vegetables are run into the Slocan every  TEN DAYS, and orders can be delivered en route.  >f($f*\  >fafior|ep  ���^fyfcWafer, ^>. *��,  i'B8'P|BMO'08)COflCfti  1*0*80C����'8>��^MPw'8>^  NEW DENVER,   B. C.  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling" public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -      -       -   "'-"'*.'���" -      Proprietors.  CALLUM&GO.,  ���:  Dealers in    Hardware,  Tin  and   Grraniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors $ Windows.  SLOCAN CITY, B.C,  00*  �������o  NOTICE.  All accounts due me must be settled forthwith  or they will be placed in court for collection.  H. CLEVER.  New Denver, Aug. 18.1898.  New  Dress  Goods,  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  Summer and Fall  wear; also ready-  made Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and Caps, Boots  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our show- window,  we are displaying a fine line of  novelties.  McLachlan& McKay,  Xew Denver.  TU p  108 Bishopsgate St.  . lllv/ (within)  British L0ND0N'ENG*  *"***-'      SuhiscVibtioii. -V-'.RO.per annum  Columbia  Review  Slocan  To Brokers, Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining Claims. Mining; Engineers, Assay-  ers,  Journalists  and  others-  Advertise in the B. C. Review,  the only representative B. C. Journal in Europe.   A Good Investment.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  Youi* business  mill  saffer.  aod other  Stationery  are  badly  ���  1  DR. MILLOY,  DENTIST  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  ��(*j*>co��a*��O'0^*9����@'g^|Sg����t����tt#  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  )  . . . . Next to a healthy bank account the most essential thing  to a BUSINESS MAN is to have  his writing stationery and  business cards, etc., of good quality and printed in business  style.    A man in business does not necessarily mean  A BUSINESS MAN.    Some men are as careless about their stationery  as about their business���don't care how it is printed so long as .  it is cheap.       To these we want to talk.     With our increased '  facilities we can fill vour orders for  Job Printing as cheap as ,  the cheapest, and the quality of the work and stock is unsur- <  passed���even in the large cities.       Samples of stock and work  open to your inspection.    All classes of work���from a tri-colored i  sheet poster to the daintiest and handsomest wedding stationery.  Whatever   you   want,   don't  overlook   The  Ledge  Power  Printing Plant, the best equipped office west of Red River.  BRICK  '     FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  AGENTS.  Two editions 'Life and Work of Mr. Gladstone" already sold. Third edition just ready.  Now is the time to make money. Look here, o.ie  man sells 11 his first day, a fourteen-year-old boy  2(> in evenings during* one week, another 27 in 15  hours, and another 90 in 11 days, &c��� &e. Greatest hook agent's bonanza on the market. Big  commission paid.   Write quick for free particu-  'BRADLEY-GARRETSON CO., Limited,  Toronto  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry agent or���  G. B. GARRETT,  C. P. R. Agent, New Denver.  WM. STITT, 3en. S. S. Agt., Winnipeg.  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  . to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  JIM & Co.,  Insurance  and General Oommissson  Agents.  NEW DENVEK. "B. C.  Being good at figures never made a  man rich.


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