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The Ledge Oct 7, 1897

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 A  /^^/^^^  V��LIDME V.     NO. 1  NEW DENVER, B.C, OCTOBER 7, 1897.  Price, $2 00 Year  New DenW* Ttenns-  Ed. Shannon's new cottage is among  the neatest in the burg.  Several important. mining deals were  consumaied this week.  This October weather is the finest  article on the market.  Dr. Brouse is having Kildare street  graded to the new Hospital.  The steamer Denver has been temporarily laid off, owing to lack of business.  " No, Maud, dear, it isn't the hen with  the loudest cackle that lays the biggest  egg."  This is the season  of the   vear when  Klondikers begin  missed at home.  to  wonder if they're  Services will be held in the Methodist  Obruuch next Sunday Morning at 11,  Evening at 7. Subject, morning ���'���'The  Fatherhood of God ;" evening,'  Men Yand  Women."  company with L N. Knight for the  Oregon Goldfields last month, writes a  Kasloite, under date of Gran's Pass, Ore.,  Sept. 28, speaking in very enthusiastic  terms of the finds there. He! mentions  one instance where three men took out  $2,600 in dust in 10 days. Nuggets all  the way from the size-of .grass .seed to  5^i pounds have been found.  INCREASING SHIPPING FACILITIES.  P  "Wanted  R. N  Mrs. A. Murphy is erecting a cosy  cottage on the rear end of her lots, facing  on Union street.  Palma Angrignon, -New Denver's popular teamster, has erected a large blacksmith shop close to his feed stables.  There is a possibility of New Denver  having a first-class water system in connection with her sys tern of electric lights.  J. C. McFadden, the dead-beat newspaper man recently of Slocan City, is  said to be ;living oh his gall in Anaconda.  readier  Powell.   A welcome is extended to all.  The New Denver Athletic Association  is not making any outward signs of a  healthy body, but the ground work is  underway and it will prove itself a lively  institution if it prospers and does well'.  A suitable building is now  the sticker.  The C.P-R. will at once commence construction aipon their branch line Ifroin  Three Forks to Whitewater. Several of  the contractors have been notified to this  effect, and bills of quantities are now  being* prepared. Dan Dunn, of this  town, has secured a contract for one and  one-half miles at the Three Forks end of  the road.  KASLO.  Beggars are as  ports" once  were  something should be  nuisance.  thick as ���  in   the Slocan, and  done to abate the  The Knights of Pythias will give the  second of their series of popular dances  in their hall on the 18th inst. Everybody welcome.  The dedicator}- services of the Presbyterian church will be held on the 24th  inst., followed on Monday evening by a  tea meeting and concert.  The new public school is receiving the  finishing touches and will be ready for  occupation in a few days. The membership roll shows SO pupils.  A. McGillivery is proceeding with the  ) construction of a neat dwelling house on  Sixth   street,   just beyond  Union.    It  will have a rough-cast finish.  W. Koch is putting in a portable saw  mill plant at Ayhvin, on Ten Mile creek.  It will be used principally for cutting  lagging for the Enterprise mine.  Pat. Burns, the butcher king of Kootenay, has ��������� erected a commodious cold  storage building at the siding, to be used  for the better handling of his commodities.  Messrs. Fauquier & Rashdali, mining  brokers, will remove to the Williamson  block, which has been fitted up for  them. They have a three-year lease  thereon.  From the amount of lumber hauling  that is going on, and number of buildings started and about to be started, it  would seem that New Denver's building  boom is just beginning.  Electric steam baths are among the  luxuries procurable by our citizens.  Rooms have been built at the power  bouse, electricity connected, and baths  will be given to patrons.  Colored optics are all the rage in New  Denver this week. Judging from the  many finely developed cases the epidemic will do much good in clarifying  the moral atmosphere.  An important strike was made on the  Bell Mitchell mineral claim, on Twelve  Mile, last week. A three-foot ledge, the  surface quartz assaying something over  $125 a ton in gold and silver.  (Our Own Correspondent.)  Premier Turner and O. G. Dennis are  billed to appear in Kaslo this week.  The Nelson will run on the route between Nelson, Kaslo land Goat River,  all winter carrying supplies for the  Crow's Nest road.  Our genial friend, George Minielley,  left for the east Tuesday.    His friends,  say he will join the ranks of the benedicts.   Here's luck, George ?  A large number took advantage of  the excursion rates to the 'Spokane  Fair on Saturday. The International  Co.'s rate, via Alberta, is the cheapest  ever offered, $9.35 return.  F. W. Groves, P.L.S., is getting up a  very comprehensive map of the South  Fork of Kaslo. This will fill a long felt  want as no accurate map of the South  Fork properties has yet been compiled.  Hugh McNaughton has three men at  work on his claims, the Simcoe group, on  Long creek, a branch of the South Fork.  They are opening up the ledge and preparing buildings, etc., for the winter's  work.  Fourteen men are at work on the  Liberty Hill on South Fork. About 150.  tons of concentrating ore has been taken  from the No. 1 tunnel which will be  shipped as soon as rawhiding can be  commenced.  Preparations for an active winters  work are under way at the Red Fox  claim. Lumber is being packed up for  bunk houses, ore bins, etc., and a larger  force is to be put on as soon as possible.  The Red Fox promises to be a steady  shipper this winter.  Jack Warne returned from Idaho last  week to commence work on some South  Fork properties in which he is interested, the. Montana group. Some heavy  eastern capitalists represented by Geo.  A. Eastman are interested and an active  seasons work is expected.  Three men have been at work all summer on the Silver "Bell, Martin Bros,  claim. Some very rich ore has been  taken out and shipping will be commenced in the near future. Assays on  this property run as high as (i00 ozs.  Eighty tons shipped last fall ran 239 ozs.  Kaslo athletes are organizing a football club. A challenge to play the  Nelson club at Kaslo on tlie 16th inst.  has been accepted, and the local sports  are practising for the occasion. An interesting game is expected as the home  team will have some good players on the  field.  In anticipation   of greatly increased  business along the lake  the C.P.R. purpose adding materially to their wharfage  facilities   at the   various   ports.   Vice-  President Shaughnessy when here some  time ago recommended   increased   expenditure!   Already about $10,000 has  been expended this year on the wharves  at Rosebery, New Denver, Silverton and  Slocan City, and these fixtures are to be  further enlarged and improved.   As a  safety port from the gales of the coming  winter, it is purposed to at once construct a wharf for the Slocan ;at the foot  of Union street.    This ,has been determined as a result of last Monday's experience.   Piles are also being cut for a  a wharf on the lake shore convenient to  the Fidelity mine, as big shipments will  be made therefrom this winter.  A wharf  will also be built at Twelve Mile creek,  and that at  Ten   Mile  enlarged.   The  C.P.R. look for heavy shipments   this  winter from lake points.  FORESTRY    AT   NAKUSP.  er basin were acquired without much  formality and some Lardo oroperties  seriously considered. But it is pretty  well understood that these transactions  were only entertained in the way of a  bluff and the main feature of interest  was a group of Woodbery; claims for  which a pretty stiff price was being  asked, but which Brown decided to  have. Up to date it has been impossible  to.gain much information regarding the  deal. The sellers have no suggestions  to offer and Barbarian "absolutely refuses to state."  MORE     HEARD      l'BOM    KLONDIKE.  J. H. Falconer, D.S.C.R., instituted a  Court last week at Nakusp, of the Independent Order of Foresters. The following are the names of the officers  and members of the Court :  F. G. Fauquier, C. D. S. C. R.; T.  Abriel, C.R.; H. L. Nicholson, V.C.R.;  W. McMillan, P.C.R.; M. W. Bruner,  Phvsician; H. McRae, Chaplain; F. S.  Smith, R.S.; T.L.Adams, F.S.; F. W.  Jordan, Treas.; P. Huckerbv, S.J.C.;  E. Calvert, S.W.; W. F. Calvert, J.W.;  0. Clements, S.B.; L. F. McDougald,  J.B.; McKinnon audi Fahev. Trustees;  W. F Havward, C. Plews,"S. Walker,  H. W. Heffron, J. W. Ross, E. Farrell,  W. Martin, H. L. Lineslev, A. W.  Haley, J. M. Arnott, A. McDonald, J.  Andrews, F. McGowan, T. Gordon, W.  H. Andrews, E. Lorenz, J. A. McKinnon, J. Genelle, M. A. Kronquist, J. W.  Malcolm, J. Parent. J. G. Devlin, J.  McNeil, W. A. Givan. P. Hulsher, P.  Cunningham, C. Lorenz, J, Moffat, H.  Harlow, C, W. Leslie and R. H. Brett.  PORCUPINES   PLENTIFUL.  Porcupines are very numerous in the  Slocan.   In some parts   of the district  when a prospector pitches his camp they  will line up within easy distance of the  camp fire and watch opportunities for  making a raid upon bacon rinds and  other edibles. They will eat leather or  anything that can be chewed, as Sam  Goldberg knows right well. Sam packed a bellows to a camp on Six Mile some  time ago and hung it up in his cabin.  When he returned he found his bellows  a total wreck, the quill-backed denizens  of the hills having committed grand  larceny upon the premises and eaten all  the leather and part of. the woodwork of  the ill-fated wind producer. The porcupines are not dangerous but they are  one of the pests that a prospector abhors,  especially when his camp is left alone  and unguarded,.  FOURTEEN   MEN   ON THE FIDELITY.  A letter was    received   by   Archie  Fletcher, Tuesday addressed to his old  friends   in Kaslo   by Charlie Wright,  under the  date of Telegraph  Creek,  Sept. 21st, he reports that he and Harry  Chapmani had a very pleasant trip to  the coast and after a somewhat convivial leave-taking with their old Victoria  friends embarked on the Queen on  the  1st of September.   They reached Fort  Wrangle, at the mouth of the Stikine  in three days, from which point,  after  waiting nine days for a river steamer  that did not materialize, they made the  distance  of   150  miles   to "Telegraph  Creek with canoes and Indian boatmen.  The current in the river is very fast,  having a fall of 540 feet in 150 "miles.  At the time of writing the boys were  hung up at Telegraph Creek, being  unable to get   their  outfit packed   to  Teslin Lake.  There are 60 pack horses  on the trail but all are chartered by a  Victoria outfit taking in machinery for  a sawmill and steamboat to be operated  on the lake,   This company has a large  amount of supplies to take over the  trail when the snow falls.   When these  parties break the trail Charlie Wright  and 'his. partner will take their supplies,  about 1800 pounds, on toboggans. They  will require to make relays but figure  that this will  be the most economical  method as freigt rates to the head of  Hootolinqua river   are   20 cents  per  pound.   As a word of advice to any one  intending to make the trip by this route  the writer adds that by leaving Kootenay on Feb. 1st it would be possible  to reach the head of Hootoliuqua river  in time to make the descent when the  ice breaks up in the spring.    He also  considers that it would not be necessary  to take more than supplies  enough to  last the trip as he believes that supplies  will be plentiful and to be had at a  reasonable price   on  the Yukon next  season.  Charlie ^Wright, formerly purser on  the Kokanee and Harry Ch'apmen, engineer on the same boat, are both very  generally known on Kootenay Lake,  and their friends will be glad" to hear  that they are in good health and spirits  and well on their way to the Klondike.  ��ast CanacJ?aH News-  is receiving  A large nickel deposit was discovered  by Louis Potvin up the North River  the other day.  Since smallpox broke out in Montreal,  ond 2nd of July; there have been  twenty-two cases, nine of which have  proved fatal.  Rich samples of free gold have been  taken out of the Comstock mine, and  the owner, Mr. O'Connor, thinks he has  a pretty rich thing.  The coal district of Reynoldsville is  beginning to send out regular shipments of coal. The C.P.R '  about 400 tons daily.  Mr. Ashworth, the English  expert, has gone west to examine some  mining properties in which Sir Chas.  Tupper has interests.  Lumbermen are wrathy over the decision of the Ontario Government not  to enforce the regulation with respect  to logs cut on Crown timber lands being manufactured here.  The Kerr-Casey scheme for operating:  the Klondike by a company of armed  men has been rejected by the Government, who think the Mounted Police  will be a sufficient defence.  The Rev. Canon Gore, of Westminster  Abbey, London, Eng., and the Lord  Bishop, of Rochester, Eng., are on a  visit to this country and will stay in  Toronto for a short time.  kind in the world, and its construction,  under, charge of Engineer L. L. Buck,  has been one of the greatest engineering feats of the present age.  While driving to his home in Glencoer  on the night of 21st of Sept., Mr. David  McCracken, a farmer, was killed. It  thought that his horse became unmanageable and backed the cart into a deep  ditch, throwing Mr. McCracken out and  then trampling him to death, as, when  found, the body was under the horse's  feet.  The next Lieutenant-Governor of  Ontario will be Sir Oliver Mowat. When;  the present tenant of the Government  House, Sir George Kirkpatrick, moves  out it is reported that his Excellency,  Lord lAberdeen, with his family and  suite, will occupy it for a few "weeks  before Sir Oliver 'takes up his residence  there.  Lake Wahnapita  Mr. Jones, of Bee-  to have the several  A  has  rumor nas been going the rounds  that an American syndicate was endeavoring to purchase a controlling  interest in the Sudbury Nickle mines,  but such a report is untrue.  A sad accident occurred on Tuesday  last at Brighton, Ont.,bv which a young  man of 28 years, named Wm, H. Spren-  tall, was killed, while trying to adjust  a bolt in a planing mill, "where he was  at work.  Mr. F. J. Rogers, the manager of the  branch of the Bank of Montreal, at  Peterborough, died on 20th Sept. at  Nicholls Hospital in that city. He had  been ill only a few days and his death  is deeply regretted.     '  A   LARDO   DEAL.  Several New Denverites started for the  Spokane Fruit Fair this week. Many  more "had intended going but were  unable to get away owing to the pressure in business"���and other things.  Mr. McLean has received orders to  proceed immediately with the construction of the Enterprise offices, on the  south-east corner of Josephine and  Eighth streets. It will be a handsome  structure.  ! A. F. Fauquier, Wm. and Herbert  Tomlinson left New Denver last week  on a hunting expedition up Cariboo  creek. This week they sent for a g-old  pan and it is ��-eneralIy supposed that  they have treed a placer claim.  W. Meldrum, of Slocan City, has rented the vacant store in the Teasdale block  and will open up therein a complete  stock of gent's furnishings, dry goods,  clothing, boots and shoes. He will prove  a welcome addition to the town.  Monday a scow-load of steel rails was  taken to Slocan City to be used in building sidetracking, etc., there. When the  track is laid into Slocan City the switches  and turn-table will be in readiness to accommodate the first train over it.  Work on the Montezuma concentrator  is being pushed with all possible haste,  The building has been erected and enclosed, and the large force of mechanics  is now engaged framing jigs, round-  tables, etc. Two cars of machinery are  now at Nashville to be transferred to  the mill as rapidly as possible. The mill  and tramway will probably be in operation in six weeks.  Neil Murehison and Wm. Saunders  returned from a trip through the Crow's  Nest Pass last Friday. They left Kaslo  on the 3rd of Sept., going viaC.P.P. and  Ft. McLeod where they secured saddle  and pack horses, making the whole trip  on horseback. BillyJ Saunders reports  himself as being rather disappointed,  with the Fort Steele district from a business point of view.  The recent strike on the Stranger  claim in Jackson Basin is proving even  better than was expected. At last accounts the drift showed 12 inches of ore  in the face. Three men took out 20  sacks of ore in one shift last week.  Lumber for buildings is being taken up  the Jackson road. The force will be  enlarged shortly and the property extensively developed.  D. F. Strabeck, who left Ainsworth in  Fourteen men are now working on the  Fidelity group under Foreman McKay.  Two tunnels are being driven under the  cone of the hill from either side, and  when they meet stoping to  the surface  will commence. It is thought the small  apex will yield 300 tons of ore. In the  breast of the main tunnel 18 inches of  solid steel galena is shown, of very high  grade. Forty tons of this ore has been  sacked and will be 'shipped at once, being packed from the mine to the lake-  shore, where the C.P.R. will handle it.  This ore is expected to net $150 per ton  over all expenses. Shipments will be  kept up all winter.  CHARLES  WAS   SURPRISED.  Chas. Caldwell, of Kaslo, has just  completed a deal by whiehL. A. Baker,  an eastern capitalsst, requires from  Otto, McLeod and McDonald, local  prospectors,, the Levina group of three  claims, three miles from Duncan river  and four miles from Kootenay lake. A  force of men has been put "on to cut  trails, build and open up the claims.  Some expensive development work will  be clone this winter. The price paid for  the property has not been made known,  but it is believed to be something handsome.  Admiral Sir Nowell Salmon and Lady  Salmon* of Admiralty House, Portsmouth, England., are staying in Toronto for race week, as guests of Major  Hay. They intend going to Japan  after leaving this continent.  Still  Another   Strike   on  Crawford  Bay,  Sir Charles Tupper and Sir Mackenzie  Bowell, two of the most prominent men  in Canada,   were at New Denver last  week on their way to visit the Exchange  and other properties that they are interested in. Sir Charles was delighted  with New Denver and thought it was  the most beautiful spot in Canada. He  was disappointed in its size, as from  reading The Ledge he had formed the  opinion that only a very large town could  support a paper so well-dressed and  ahead of date.  It is a poor week for mining when no  strike worthy of notice is made in the  country around Crawford Bay. Last  week on the Virginia Dare claim, a  Harbor creek location, belonging to G.  A. Becken and Thos. McElroy, of Pilot  Bay, eight inches of clean high grade  snipping ore was found in a 35-foot  cross-cut. Tlie owners, though by no  means capitalists, have shown pluck  and ���perserverance in showing up their  property, and the find conies as a well  deserved reward.  Why He Regretted.  OUT   FOR   A   BIG   DEAL.  Barbarian Brown arrived in Kaslo on  Monday and in ' company with W. A.  Boss, his local agent, started out immediately to look up some big deals.  A few minor interests in the Whitewat-  A Scotchman who had been a long  time abroad paid a visit to his native  glen. Meeting a schoolfellow, they sat  clown to chat on past times and'auld  acquaintances. I In conversation the  stranger happened to ask about a certain George McKay. ',He's dead long  ago," said his friend, "and I'll never  cease regretting him!" "Dear nie,  Sandy, have you such_grcat respect for  him him as that!-''' "Na. na; it wasna  ony rcspec' I had for himsel', but da ye  ken I married his widow?"  LEMON    CHEEK.  A Chicago man is expected in daily to  look over the ground with a view to putting in a concentrator.  The trail from Slocan river to tins  point was finished last week.  Lemon creek is being prospected for  placer gold. One man took out $S in two  days last week.  There is considerable talk that the  Dominion Government is going to withdraw the mail subsidy from the Atlantic  steamers, and if it comes true the Allan  and Dominion lines will cease calling  at Halifax during the >vinter months.  A large saw mill in Hull, Que., was  burned to the ground on Sept. 20th.  The loss amounted to abount 8100,000,  and the insurance carried was ��75,000.  About 500 or 600 have been thrown out  of employment by the destruction of  this mill."  The Governments indecision in settling the question of the proposed export  duty on nickel ores and matte, has  kept back many capitalists from investing in the Sudbury mines this year. It  is "to be hoped that the matter will be  decided soon.  The members of the British Science  Association, who visited the mines at  Sudbury, were greatly astonished at  the immense deposits of ore on the  nickel range. Their visit may result  in an expenditure of English capital to  develop the mines.  An expedition to the Klondyke will  leave Montreal in December under the  supervision of Mr.. John A. Grose, bite  manager of the Dominion Burglar Guarantee Company. Negotiations are being made with the Hudson's Bay Co. to  furnish transportation and seethe party  through.  Mr. M. C. Big-gar, a former mayor of  Sudbury, Out., is missing It is thought  that he has committed suicide by drowning. His affairs are in good shape, and  no possible reason can be found for such  an action, unless he was suffering from  a fit of temporary insanity, brought on  by overwork.  Ephraim Convay, aged 74, who on  the 20th of last March, shot a young  man named George Frost, who worked  od his farm near" Princeton, Out., has  been convicted of man-slaughter and  .sentenced to five years in the Kingston  penitentiary. Much sympathy ;is felt  for the old man. as he had put up with  a great, deal of provocation from Frost  and others on the farm.  The new steel single arch bridge over  the Niagara Falls was opened officially  on the 'i;-'>rd of Sept. in the presence of a  large number of spectators, both on the  Canadian and United States shores.  This bridge is one of  the largest of its  Reports from the  gold fields say that  ton,_Ont., is  claims on which fife has secured options  examined by an English mining engineer, who.' is now on his way to  Canada. If his reports are favorable  mining operations will be commenced  on a large scale.  The Mackenzie River Klondike Expedition Company, which intends leaving for the Yukon about the middle of  next April, will be composed of about  100 men,'who will take with them a  physician, an expert miner and an expert canoe builder, Thirty-five boats  will be required to carry this expedition. Each boat will weigh 125 lbs, and  will carry three men and about two tons  of freight.  The Toronto Board of Trade are in  receipt of a letter from the British Columbia Board of Trade soliciting its  co-operation in securing for Canada  the tremendous trade resulting from  the rush to the Klondike, which trade  has been almost entirely in the hands  of the United States merchants on the  Pacific Coast, and has amounted to  something like $3,000,000 during the  last few months.  The Dominion Cigar Manufacturers'  Association held their first annual meeting at Montreal this week. The subject  of the extra tax of 10 per cent on raw  tobacco was brought before the meeting by the president, Mr. J. B. Payne,  who said that as the Ottawa Government had refused to make any concessions to the Association as requested  it was necessary for them to impress  upon said Government the need of a  change in the standard weights and the  imposition of the tax on the actual  weight of the tobacco, and not on tobacco and the moisture, which it might  have absorbed while in store.  Even the waters that cover tne earth  are not free from gold hunters. John  W. Hyniaii, of London, Out., has a  scheme for troubling" the waters of Lake  Wawa to discover if there is any cure  for the gold fever lying dormant in the  sand beneath the lake. He will take  4,500 feet of pipe, a sand-pump and  outfit coinplet to the scene of action,  idjoining the Mackey-Dickinson claim,  mp;  icli  100 feet deep. Pie believes that gold is  there and is going to spend a lot of  money to get it out.  A disastrous lire occurred in Toronto  on the 24th of Sept., by which a large  block of buildings near the corner of  Yonge and King streets was almost  entirely ruined. While the fire was in  progress a team attached to one of the  fire-engines took freight and dashed  through the immense crowd of men,  women and children gathered there,  causing a terrible stampede. One little  boy, nine years old. named Bertie  Escott, was knocked down and killed  by the runaway team. Several other  men were badly injured, but all are  doing well.  and will proceed to pump sand from the  bottom of the lake, which is from 15 to  The Colonel's   I*reference.  "I suppose," said the girl who affects  literature, "that you are fond of something now and then in the Scotch line?"  "Ofco'se," replied Colonel Stillwell.  "But isn't the time fob that sort of thing  past?"  "You mean it has had its day, like so  many other fads?"  "No; don't mistake me. I wouldn't  think of any such disrespect. There is  nothing mo' delightful in. the wintuh  months than an occasional hot Scotch.  But at the present, time I must say that  I incline to'ds a mint julep."  ,7. II. Gray surveyed the Ileber group  of three claims last week. Application  will be made for a Crown grmt. ���2  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  Fourth Year  FROM THE   KLONDIKE  Straight Stories and Fresh News by  Mrs. Palmer Henderson.  TWICE SHE ASCENDED THE YUKON  A real live woman -who has been to  the Klondike is a person of much interest in these days, when all eyes are  turned toward the northern Eldorado ;  but when that woman has gone in and  come out with a 3-year-old child, the  interest increases..  Mrs. Palmer Henderson, of Chicago,  who has just returned from that country' told a reporter in Minneapolis the  other day the following story :  "People don't   seem to  understand  much about the geography of Alaska  and   the   routes   followed  in  getting  there.   When you go in by the Yukon  you don't follow the coast north from  Seattle as the excursion steamers do.  On the contrary, the steamers strike out  from   Puget  sound  across   the  great  waste   of   waters,   straight for Dutch  Harbor, away up there on that chain of  islands which reaches from Alaska to  Asia like a great index finger.   Dutch  Harbor is only a stopping and coaling  place, and there are yet several days of  travel through the Bering sea and out  of sight of land before St.  Michaels is  reached.   We left Portland at 1 o'clock  on the afternoon of one Saturday and  reached St. Michael's at 1 o'clock in the  morning of the second Sunday, so that  we were just fourteen and one-half days  ���on the water.   You know they   don't  have  floating  palaces   in   the  North  Pacific traffic; the boats are slow and  make poor time.   St.  Michaels has a  poor harbor, but it is the best there is  anywhere near the mouth of the Yukon.  It is not so very near, either, for it is  sixty miles away.   It is not a harbor in  which the steamers can tie up to the  docks���that is, the ocean-going^ boats ;  the river boats can.   We stayed on the  Portland a week in the haroor of St.  Michaels  while   the   Weare���a   river  steamer���lightered our cargo.    "  "But I must tell vou about the sights  of the Bering sea. We steamed through  an ice floe and saw many whales and  seals. At the entrance to the sea we  encountered countless numbers of  murs, which are small sea birds that  seem to be peculiar to that sea. When  they were on the wing they made great  clouds, and when they settled down  they covered the water." Another sight  that greatly interested us was the immense quantity of Portuguese men-of-  war, which literally covered the ocean  at times, with their "little sails all set before the wind. We were interested,too,  in the whale birds, whose mission in  life is to pick parasites off the big bodies  of the whales.  "At St. Michaels we met the P. B.  Weare, the river boat which had come  down, the river with all that bulk of  "���old which the Portland took down,  down. On board were Mr. and Mrs.  Clarence Berry and all those many  Klondikers who have since become so  well-known to the country.  "The gold fever that'pervaded the  country into which we were about to  enter was shorn bv the constant petition  of 'Buster' Strickland, an active little  3-year-old son of an officer of the Canadian mounted police, who came down  on the Weare. He knew nothing about  the toys that other children have, for  there Svere none in his Arctic home,  All the grown people wanted and prized  gold, and so did little 'Buster." He  wonld go to the miners and say  " 'Give me nug-get;  "To my little girl a nugget was no  better than any other stone, but the  young- Klondiker already prized the  yellow metal highly.  "All of the returning" miners had more  or less gold,   and it   was lying around  the boat in all sorts of shapes; some of  it was in trunks.   One man offered me  all the gold there was in a little chest if  I could move   it  an inch.   But gold is  heavy stuff and I couldn't budge it.  That reminds me that some one ought  to stop the idiotic stories that have been  going the rounds of the country about  the quantities of dust and nuggets to  be seen in the shanties of Yukon miners.  For instance, there was one report that  in a certain man's cabin could be seen  five-gallon cans���the result of one winter's work.   As I said before gold is  heavy stuff.   To show the absurdity of  this s"tory I  figured out the weight of  that much gold, and found that it would  come to six tons and would be worth  $3,125,000.    With great effort   I   have  myself  lifted   $13,000   worth   of   gold.  While the miners were not excited they  took great care of their gold.   If two of  them   occupied   the  same   room,   one  would guard the gold   by day and the  other by night.   The miners" were all  very rough-looking men, bearded like  thetraditional pards,  long-haired and  clothed in such   rags as a ragamuffin  would scoff at.   They had  wealth, but  they could get no clothes in that region.  They had on   remnants of shoes and  boots, greasy dirty overalls and gingham or flannel shirts.   And for all the  money they had not a man had any  cash.   There wasn't a  coin or bill  iii  the party.    Just out of the wilderness,  where   the scarcity of   supplies of all  kinds had taught them the value of  small  economics, they  were as joyous  as children to get hold of some of the  little utensils, implements and conveniences of civilization,   A pencil was a  noble present.    One of them who had  found a piece of cord on the boat, came  to me with child-like joy and whispered:  " 'See what I swiped.'  "The poor  fellows had all been on  very  short   rations     They   had  come  down on the first boat of the season and  all the way down they had to stand the  same short fare  that  they  had  put up  with in their camps.    1 noticed  that all  of  them   were  very pale; it   was   the  pallor of the plant that has been deprived of the sun s rays.    The  long winter  with its short sunless days had the same  effect on the miners.  "We were mildly excited by their  reports of discoveries on the Klondike  and the evidence, substantial enough,  that the miners had with them, but we  did not get the craze. We never im- !  agincd tins electrical effect the Port-,  land's cargo would have in the I'nited  States.  "Just a week to a day   from the time  we arrived in St. Michaels  we wens off  were  I want nug-get?'  for the trip up the river.   The river  boats have to wait for calm weather to  make the trip from St. Michael's to the  mouth of the Yukon.   The waters of  this   great    river   "which   exceed  the  Misssissippi's volume by one-third discharge themselves through numerous  mouths.   The   salt   they  bring down  make the Bering sea very shallow for  miles from the coast,   and sometimes  the fresh water drives back the salt for  ten miles.    In the folly of the first rush  to the Klondike many of the gold hunters have overlooked" all considerations  that ordinary   precaution   would   demand.    For instance one ship  took up  a steamer which was to carry its passengers up the Yukon.   When they got  to St. Michaels the ardent gold seekers  found that while their river steamer  drew five feet of water the Yukon could  not be navigated by boats that required more  than  two   or  three   feet of  water.   So their boat is still anchored  at St. Michael's.   You must remember  that while the volume of the water in  the river is great it often spreads out  over a great area.   Besides the channel  is forever changing and makes navigation exceedingly difficult.  "The Weare is an old steamer and is  not altogether lovely.   The plain truth  is that our experience on that boat was  of the worst kind of roughing.   You  see   it  was not  built  for   passengers  and those who go on it must take what  comes and hot grumble.   I had to use  my mackintosh  for  a pillow and the  food was frightful.   Besides there were  so many of us on board that we overtaxed the  boat's  limited  accommodations,    crude    as    they   were.     We  persevered, however, and kept on up  the great river until we met the steamer  Healy at Dawson City. We were transferred to it, and returned to the mouth  of the Yukon and went back again with  the Healy on her  return  trip.   This  double trip gave me a splendid opportunity to meet the miners and talk with  them".   I was with them for weeks and  heard them tell all  their stories of discoveries, of prospecting and of 'striking  it rich.'  "What impressed me more than anything about them was their exceeding  gravity.. This business of hunting for  gold under the Artie circle is no fun.  They take life seriously. They had  been up there in a dogged fight for existence and wealth at the same time.  Young men who had spent a year in  the mine were so different from their  light-hearted fellows at home. Their  great luck did not excite them at all;  nobody on the river was excited. It  Avas not until we were coming out and  met the first returning steamer since  the craze had struck the states that we  felt it ourselves. We had been there on  the very ground, calm and unmoved,  and when we met enthusiastic argonauts coming in, Ave felt the craze for the  first time.   Queer, wasn't it ?  "I had a queer feeling all the time we  are crawling up and down the Yukon,  a sort of f eelin"* that .we were in a country which had been only half finished.  From St. Michaels to Circle City there  is not a town on the Ytikon." Circle  City, which had 3,000 or 4,000 people  last year, is almost entirely deserted  now. I think there are not more than  twenty people there. The next place  is Forty Mile, and it, too, is almost deserted now. All along the river are  fishing stations and lonely little Indian  villages, where we stopped to trade;  but there are no towns.  "But the liveiy state of existence in  Dawson makes up for the solitude below.   The first time I saw it���when I  went up on the Weare���it was a tent  city entirely.   The tents were pitched  very closely   together and altogether  loolced  like  the   encampment   of   an  army.   They were pitched right on top  of ttiat terrible thawing muck, which  looks   like  printer's   ink, and has the  most repulsive odor.   You couldn't go  anywhere  without   sinking  into   this  muck unless you gingerly picked your  way along tlie boards that were" put  down   here  and  there.     It  was   the  typhoid fever's chosen place for operation, and more than  forty people succumbed to the fever early in the spring.  "When   we  were there the second  time we found that the muck had dried  out along the front street, though it was  still very bad a little distance back from  the river bank.   An immense number  of log cabins had been erected while we  were down the river, and the dance  halls and saloons were in full blast.   It  is a   remarkable thing that notwithstanding the terrible moral tone of the  town there wras so little crime.   The  amount of drinking that is done there  is beyond belief.   There are droves of  disreputable woman,  and the whole atmosphere of the community is unutterable vicious.   It is worse than Butte  ever was.   It is positivel\r soiling to  one's moral existence to "be in town.  The  atmosphere   of   vice    permeates  everything and influences everything.  Not all the gold in the Klondike or all  that will ever be there could persuade  me to live in Dawson as long as conditions exist as they do now.   Why is it.  there is so little crime?   One reason is  that the criminal can't get out of the  country.    The most vicious and criminal of men recognize that if they were  once driven out of the town without  food they would die, even though they  were   laden    down   with   gold.     The  mounted police are to be credited with  a part of the good order that prevails.  They are a splendid lot of big,  strapping men,   who   are   pioneers on the  frontier, and are inured to hardship.  They are just the kind of law and order  preservers to  send to such a country.  While I am on this  subject,  I want to  say that, as usual,   the   United States  goVernment   is very   tardy in taking  steps   to   protect   life   and   property.  There is not a soldier up there.   It is  true that at  present the  bulk   of the  mining   population is in   Canada, but  the onerous mining laws and taxes recently imposed by the Canadians will  turn* the   population   back to Alaska.  Next   year   Yukon   Alaska   will    be  swarming with  prospectors,  and there  will   be much need of soldiers.   The  Canadians have done exactly what they  ought not to do if they want to see that  country developed.    But their course is  a good thing for Alaska.  '"Apropos" I met Capt. Ray and Lieutenant Richardson, who were sent up  to gather information for the war department with a view to sending troops  to Alaska. Captain Ray is endowed  with extraordinary authority, and his  own discretion is his only source of  direction. He is a man of all men for  the work he has been chosen to do. He  has been in artic regions before, and  was once in Alaska for a long period.  He is a level-headed, sensible man, and  what he says will be fact and nothing  but fact.    It can be relied on.    He wore  civilian clothes, put on no airs, mixed  with all kinds of people, and got, every  bit of information he could glean from  every possible point of view.  "My little girl created a sensation in  Dawson City. The miners were as  crazy over "her as the Indians on the  boat and along the river had been.  'Little Child with Clean Hair,' the latter  called her, from a notion that her light  hair was caused by washing. On the  boat the rough miners would come and  ask to borrow her for an hour.. One  miner said that he would give all the  claims he had and all he ever expected  to get, if she could be his child. That  statement shows. Avhat people pay for  gold. They leave friends and relatives,  comforts and luxuries and go up there  and get gold, and when they get it can  do nothing Avith it till they come out.  Some degenerate so much in their  rough life that they are ashamed to  return to civilization. Others are always  fare  about our  you ?  could   be,  quality.   The  on  Everything  and  the boats, Avouldn't  was   canned  that  Avas   always   the best  canned   roast beef and  going to go out next season, and before  that next season comes they die. One  man avIio came out Avith us had ��100,000.  He had been on the Yukon nine years;  he had had scurvy and feArer; all his  teeth but nine had come out, and those  were doomed Avhen Seattle was. reached ; his health Avas broken and digestion ruined; and he was a forgotten  man. For nine years he had buried  himself in the land of ice and siioav, and  Avith his reward' he was going out���to  do what ? Nobody knoAvs. in those  nine years he had grown old ; he was a  pitiful Rip Van Winkle. The isolation  of the country is absolute.  "When we reached DaAvson City, the  miners rushed at us,frantically exclaiming,   'Who is president?'   'Who is in  the cabinet?'   'What has become of the  Cuban  question?'    For  months   their  lives, so far as knowledge of current  events goes, had been like a serial story  betAveen tAvo numbers.    It was 'to be  continued in our next,' and we Avere the  first pages of the next.   You can understand the complete lack of communication Avith the outside Avorld Avhen I tell  you that Avhile the country down here  Avas crazy over the neAVS from Alaska,  I Avas traveling leisurely up and down  the Yukon with matter "in my note book  that Avas   worth thousands of dollars,  utterly obvious to the hot excitement  far off to the south.  "But if we avIio are at the fountain  head of the cause of the excitement  Avere not in the least excited, the Indians along the Yukon were moved to  horror by the awful phenomenon that  accompanied the steamer Hamilton as  she moved up the river while we Avere  goingdoAvn. The Hamilton,a new.boat,  was equipped with the first searchlight  that Avas ever used on the Yukon. As  the great Avhite band of light was turned from shore to shore of tlie Yukon the  poor, gentle, timid Indians fled in terror  and hid behind trees. Some of them  believed that it Avas the sun, and others  maintained that it Avas the moon fastened to the prow of the Hamilton. One of  the Indians employed on our boat cried  like a baby when he saAV the poAverful  light and understood it was on the  Hamilton. When asked Avhy he cried,  he said that his brother was ion the  Hamilton and must be burning up. 'All  the same like sun,' Avas the description  the Indians gave of the light when convinced that it Avas not the god of day  himself. On the Hamilton Avas.tho Examiner party from San Francisco and  a number of people Avhose early departure from Seattle has been chronicled.  Their talk filled us Avith their own wild  enthusiasm and Ave almost Avanted to  turn back.  "I verily   believe that the  Alaskan  Indians  Avere  almost   Avithout  A-oices  until they made the acquaintances of  the Avhite men. They Avere and still are  honest, but little by little they aregain-  ing a knowledge "of  theft, "lying and  deceit.   The prospectors all testify that  the natiA^es are getting only vices" from  the race Avhich should have brought  them so much betterment.   There is no  such thing as  theft known among the  unsophisticated Indians.   Captain Barr  told me that   in   four years of contact  Avith the Indians,  in Avhich he has employed and traded Avith them, he has  encountered but one case of stealing.  An   Indian   who   Avas   on  one of the  steamers stole a ham.   His crime was  found out; and the punishment, though  simple, was terrible.   The captain sent  a rnnner ahead to notify the'people of  the Indian's village that he bad committed a theft.   When the boat arrived  the poor fellow Avas delivered over to  his indignant felloAvs.    What  the theif  suffered in the next feAv Aveeks is not  known; but he must haAre been a veritable  outcast  among  his  people;   for  Avhen the boat came back he implored  the captain  to take  him back on  the  boat and let  him   earn fifty times the  price of the ham, that the stain of theif  might be taken off him.   The captain  took him back,   and   Avhen   the Indian  had Avorked. out the price of the ham,  word was sent to   his village that he  had washed off his guilt.   The Indians  rarely quarrel lamong themselve,  and  are Ar"ery good to their A\roinen.    In fact,  they deem it their duty to turn OA-er to  their Avives everything they earn.   In  some respects the Avomen are the heads  of families.    For instance, a man can't  act as pilot on a steamer   until   he has  the permission of his wife.   At some of  the stops avc made the boat hands would  run out with all the cloth, supplies and  trinkets   they   had   earned   and heap  them in their   AviA'es'   laps, and sometimes the ungrateful creatures would  even then scold their lords:   Both the  men and Avomen work in these tribes���  each sex at Avhat they are best suited  for.    While the men "work on the boats  or hunt   and   fish, the   Avomen   do the  household Avork, seAv the  coverings on  the  kayaks and dry the fish.     When  the salmon in three runs���dog, silver  and king salmon���come up  the river  the   natives   catch   and   dry them on  scaffoldings,  and in the Avinter eat the  flesh soalced in seal oil.  "About distances I Avant to tell you  something that is exact. EArerybbdy  has a different distance from St.'Michaels to Dawson City. Captain Barr has  measured the distance and finds it to  be 1,650 miles. Wm. Ogilvie, the Dominion land sur\reyor, has accepted this  measurement as official. By the way,  Ogilvie is a A-ery Roman, a grand mail.  For all his Avork in the mining country  he has accepted nothing, anddias come  out a poor man, but uninfluenced and  Impartial. EA-erybody likes him up  there. The boundary'he has fixed between Alaska and : the North-West  Territory near the Yukon is A-ery plainly marked by a road and monuments,  and reminds me of the tangible boundaries I expected Avhen 1 was a little  girl.  "You would like to  know something  mutton were like so much twine to me.  Then we had some canned asparagus,  and lots of canned corn and tomatoes.  And beans���there Avere no end of them.  Serene got so tired of them that Avhen  pease were set before her at a friend's  table in Tacoma she plainly said she  didn't Avant any more beans.   The appearance  of  the  peas had made her  take them   for beans.    For dessert Ave  had some sort of canned fruit.   Besides,  Ave had desiccated eggs and slated eggs.  When we had any kind of fish Ave lived  high.   Occasionally Ave had moose, and  at the mouth of the Yukon plenty of  ducks.   The jjountrv is covered with  berries, but Ave didn't get an'v of them.  "The N.A.T. & T. Co.'s store at DaAv-  son does an enormous business�����8,000  $12,000 a day.   A clerk told me they  could sell a million dollars  Avorth of  goods if they had them.   I  have  no  doubt, hoAvever, that there Avill be great  distress up there this Avinter.   There is  plenty of food at St. Michaels, but the  short"season  has   prevented its being  got to Dawson.   When avc left all the  boats had gone up the riArer except the  Healy.   The N. A. T. Company has accomplished wonders this season in the  Avay o! building new boats, and has  made herculean efforts to meet the neAV  demands.   They have warned people  not to go   in without provisions,  but  their Avaruing has been in vain.   The  situation is Arery grave,and the gravity  has been made "worse by the fact that  the Alaska Commercial company has  done almost nothing to meet the exceptional increase in the Yukon population    Old miners are coming out for  the winter.  "Delicacies a're in great demand.  Oranges and lemons are A'aluable presents. The first eggs taken in this  summer Avere Avorth a dollar apiece.  Bacon and flour Avere Avorth Si. 10 a  pound each in the spring. Salmon are  Avorth ��30 apiece Avhen they begin to  run.  "Common workers get S10 a day at  Dawson; miners get ��15, and some  workmen get ��20. Any man Avho keeps  away from the saloons and bad Avomen  can save money ; but no man can get  employment AA'ithout an outfit of Tiis  OAvn.  "I met Dr. Sheldon Jackson. He is  a splendid man, and it is a shame that  congress does not help him out in his  reindeer raising Avork. All the miners  agree that it is a most needed Avork. If  appropriations had been more liberal  in the past for his work, the reindeer  Avould naAre prevented any starvation  on the Yukon.  "Finally, I Avant to say that the spirit  of charity" and good fellowship that exists among the Klondikers is unsurpassed. EArerybody is helpful and  sympathetic. Nobody desires to harm  anyone else. Goods left in the cache  are perfectly safe. The common custom permits a staining man to take  enough from another's cache to sustain  life, but a full accounting is expected  and is ahvays made.  "I advise"Avomen to stay aAvay from  Alaska. It may be all "right in the  future, but it isii't hoav."  To the inhabitants  of New Denver  and all  Slocan Lake  Points:  Blany have received BENEFIT  from   my Optical   Department,  Why not Yon ?  You wlio have tried common  Spectacles in vain, and suft'er-  ed froni eye strain, causing  Nervous Headache, Etc.  It will pay you to come to  SANDON and have your eyes  properly tested and fitted with  suitable glasses.  This is the only remedy when  your trouble arises from Defective Eyesight, and should  be attended to at once. I have  one of the best trial cases made  and can give you the best service.  Eyes tested Free,  G. W. GRIMMETX,  Jeweler and Optician, Sandon, B.  And yon  will feel as though  you were having  a Holiday in  Paradise. mm&^w&  c.  The smoke  from the ^n  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines free of charge.  All serious cases Avill be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of'theabove.  For further information apply to���  , J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  NeAV Denyer, B.C.  F. L0 CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  Will be seen in  many mountain saloons  before the hills are  much older^^^^^^^ri %. Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  SMILING Ts-OVE.  ffrom tbo Sp-nislt of Francisco de Borjk et  EsqulUche.]  When bright and gay the waters roll  la crystal rivers to the sea,  'Midst shining pearls they take, my soul,  Their sweetest, loveliest smile from the*.  And when their dimpling currents flow  They imitate thy laughing brow.  "When morning from Mb dusky bed  Awakes with cold and slumbering ayfe  Ere.yet he wears his tinte of red  He looks to see if thou art nigh���  To offer thee a diadem  Of every ruby, every gem.  When spring leads on the joyous sub,  He brightens on thy eyes and take*  A nobler luster.   When the dun  And darksome April first awakes  And gives his better smiles to May,  He keeps for thee his fairest day.  '   There are some idle bards who dream  That they have seen, with raptured eye*,  , The smiling fleld, the dimpled stream,  And (strange deceit) the laughing ikies.  My Sylvia, fleld nor stream nor sky  E'er smiled but when thy smile was nigh.  ���E. A. Bowring in New York Ledger.  "Sue started right off the next day,  and got married and up to this time  she's eloped three times, sot the house  afire twice, and pizened her husband  once. Looks like she'd do the best of  the hull lot."  ONTARIO   Sir-VEtt   MINES.  Properties West of Thunder  Bay About  to he Again Developed.  Port Arthur.���Capt. H. Shear arrived  in town from the Badger mine on Thursday evening last, Avliere he is in charge  of the work at the once famous silver  mine, Avhich, after being closed down  for five years, Avill soon be the scene of  old-time activity.  The Badger and some adjoining pro-  parties Avere (formerly operated by the,  Badger Silver Mining Co., of Gillies  Township, under the management of  Capt. Shear, and produced in the tAvo  years previous to closing doAvn, in 1882,  8350,000 in silver. The mine Avas closed  doAvn OAving to litigation among* the  owners. AU matters affecting the title  to the property have been settled, and  the mines are iioav being re-opened by  Mr. Shear, avIio represents the present  OAvners, who are local men.  Mr. Shear has g'iven a full description  of the different veins on the property  and of the development Avork to date.  It is as folloAvs: No. 1 vein, which has  been opened up by a 300-ft. shaft and  about 2,500 feet of'drifting,onsixlevels,  has an average width of 2i feet. The  ore goes S100 to the ton.  No. 2 vein-���It has about the same  characteristics as No. 1 vein, and has  been developed by a shaft 110 feet deep  and an adit level fciOO feet in length.-'  No. 3 vein, or Porcupine mine���-It'has  a shaft 180 feet deep and two levels of  an aggregate length of 1,200 feet. The  A'cin averages about three feet in width,.  Besides the above there are three other  veins on the property, on Avhicli a small  amount of development Avork has been  done.  The property is equipped with good  hoisting plant, and a ten-stamp mill,  machine and blacksmith shops, and  about 40 houses.  Messrs. Alex. M. Hry and W. A. Lay-  cock of Rat Portage and Cant. Dan  McPhce have just come in from the Rabbit Mountain "Silver Mine. Mr. Hay  has been looking at the property for'a  company Avhich he represents, and  which'has an option on it.  The Rabbit Mountain mine lies 24  miles from Port Arthur. The vein is a  composite, averaging four feet Avitle, the  ore consisting of native silver and  argentite, aviui much blende,and a little  iron pyrites, galena and fiuorite. It  has been proved 800 Ifeet on the surface  by trenches and crosscuts. Since opening in 1882 it has been Avorked in a  spasmodic manner, having changed  hands several times. A stamp mill of  15 tons daily capacity stands on the property, it is claimed that the concentrates ran as high as $4,000 per ton and  averaged SI,500, and that the free milling ore averaged $80 per ton. The percentage of concentrates varied a great  deal at different times. Over 400 feet  of sinking and S00 feet of drifting and  some stoping avus clone. There are  four shafts, }he deepest of Avhich is 250  feet down, and four drifts, the longest  of Avhich is 360 feet long. Most of the  best ore Avas taken from the 100-foot  level and deeper.  ,      DRIVING    OUT    THK    CHILDREN.  A  LITTLE  GRAVfc.  Dark are the mounds where the snow blast ii  sweeping,  Wild is the cry of the wind on its flight,  Cold is the drift that the north wind is heaping  Over the nursling alone in the night I  Alone in  the night and the dark that want  creeping  Out of her arms but a daybreak agol  Anguished with sorrow, her watch she is keeping,  Far would she  follow through storm and  through snow.  Nay,   tender mother,  hare done with your  weeping,  ,   Not in the night and the dark has he part.  His all of bright heaven save when he is sleeping  And dreaming of heaven, warm, warm in  your heart.  ���Harper's Bazar.  IN  THE SHADOW.  Oh,  MU5E.UM  CKANKS.  up a large  family  yo  and go out  "Yes, I've raised  but none of the children is left Avith  me," replied the old man in ansAver to  my question: "Last y'ar I made up my  mind they'd never amount to anythin'  unless they made a start for themselves,  and so I bought Bill a shot gun and  says:  " 'Bill, this yere roost ain't fur yo' no  mo'. Justg-o out and do suthin' to start  yo'rself along.'  "And Bill took that gun and went  over to Orange Valley and shot a revenue officer and got into state prison  for life and is all settled doAvn. When  he had gone I bought a bike for Sally  and took it home and says:  " 'Sally, this yere roost. ain't fur  no mo'.   Git oii  that bike  into the world and ketch a man.'  "And she didn't lose two minits hop-  pin' into the saddle and Ayhiz/in' up the  road, and in two Aveeks she was married  to a felloAv who sa\rcd her from gittin'  run over by a six-mewl team. The day  after 1 called up Joe and says to him :  " 'Joe. yer mouth ar' too'big and yer  knees arc shackelty, but niebbe thar's  sunthin' in ye arter all. I'll gin ye that  old blind ox to make a start Avith, and  don't vo' come back to this roost no  mo'.' "  "Joe took the ox and Avent, and shuck  my hide if he didn't lead him cIoavii to  the railroad and get him killed by a  train and rake in ��40 damages ! Yes,  sah, and he bought a mem Avith tlie  money and is gittin' rich bAr carrying  the mails. Jim Avas next. I calls*hiin  up and looks him over and sez :  " 'Jim, yo'r too pizen lazy to eat good  bacon, but I'm goin' to send yo' out to  hustle. All I kin' spar' yo' is a dollar in  cash. Don't come back to this roost  'till yo've made yer fortune.'  "Jim took the"dollar and Avent, and  darn my buttons if he didn't hire out to  a dime museum man as the champion  terbaccer chewer of the world, and he's  now drawin' a salary of 825 a Aveek and  board! Thar AvasNvas one left, and  that av,is Sue, and I calls her up and  says :  "'Sue, it's time fur yo' groAved-up  chill'en to be a-gittin. I'll buy yo' a  new pa'r o' shoes and a sunbonnet and  yo' must light out.'  People Who Want  to Dispose of Alleged  Valuable Kelici.  The amateur collector of curiosities  generally has an exaggerated idea of  the value of his treasures. No sooner  does he get hold of something which he  considers unique and interesting than  he fancies that every museum in the  country will jump at the chance of purchasing it from him. With this idea he  is continually calling upon museum  keepers and trying to persuade them  into exhibiting his so called rarities.  The curator of a popular northern  museum has been much worried in this  way during the last year or so. Only  the other week a white haired old man  came to him and showed him a dagger  which was said to be the weapon used  by King John in stabbing the boy  Prince Arthur. The dagger was quite a  modern affair and showed no signs of  age, but the old man stuck to his de-  scription strenuously.  "My dear fellow," he said to the curator in patronizing tones, "if you are  so blind to your own interests as to refuse this dagger, it is no concern of  mine. It has been in our family for centuries, and Ave are descended in a direct  line from Hubert de Bourg, the nobleman Avho refused to allow Prince Arthur's eyes to be burned out with red-  hot irons. I'll give you one more  chance, and if you won't have it I'll  take it elsewhere."  Needless to say, he had to take it  elsewhere.  Another crank drove np to the museum gate one afternoon on a dray, to  which was strapped a big, cumbersome  writing table. The curator hastened  out to meet him and avus just in time  to prevent him bringing the piece of  furniture bodily into the hall.  On being asked for an explanation,  the visitor said be had decided to present the museum with a priceless treasure in the shape of a writing table used  by Sir Francis Bacon. He had been preserving it for a long time, he said, in  order that he might write its history,  which he had at last completed is a  manuscript volume of 820 sheets. The  curator, who is, of course, an expert,  examined the desk and declared it to  be Avorthless. It had apparently been  used in a schoolroom until it had got  too rickety for service and was then dispensed with. At any rate, it couldn't  have been more than 70 years old. This  report was communicated to the visitor, Avho thereupon took to raving like  a madman and became so violent that  he and his treasure had to be moved  along by the police.  Royal relics are much in favor with  amateur collectors, and, though some of  the curiosities submitted to the museum  recently have been thought worthy of a  place on the tables, the majority have  proved to be hopeless rubbish.���London  Tit-Eits.  No Use For the Metric .System.  We have little to learn or gain by  adopting the measures of continental  Europe. Three-quarters, or nearly so, of  the commerce and traffic of the Avorld is  carried on by,some form of appliance,  whether moved by wind, water or  steam, which has been built from English measures by some English speaking  people, and the proportion is all the  time increasing.  Why adopt another and more inconvenient system which will render all  systems of screw threads, gear teeth,  foundry patterns, shop drawings, etc.,  obsolete, as Avell as shelving the most  valuable collection of mechanical literature in the world and requiring  all its tables to be translated into a  foreign measure, merely to obtain the  advantages of a decimal system which  Ave already have to all intents and  purposes in a far more convenient  form than we should obtain from  the introduction of the meter aud  its derivatives? Besides these two unit  measures���the inch and the foot���we  also use the cubic yard, in oivil engineering, for excavations and earth-  Avork, but for mechanical purposes we  could get along very Avell Avith no other  unit but the inch.���Cassier's Magazine.  She Knew.  Young Mrs. Torkins had read the  paragraph through twice. Then she  broke into a ripple of laughter.  "What are you laughing at?" inquired her husband.  "Something funny."  "How do you know it's funny?" was  the bantering rejoinder.  "Humph! I can tell by looking at it.  It's about two men who meet on the  Btreet. They stand there and say a lot  ef things and at last one of them says,  'Well, the drinks are on me.' And that  shows that it's funny."���Washington  Star.    The Medical Society of Bern has inaugurated a plan for the suppression of  press notices of suicides, as it has been  observed that epidemics of suicides, so  called, come from "suggestions," acquired through printed accounts of  them.  In former times deformed people  were frequently throAvn into prison to  be kept out of sight.  ahe will have the deep,  dark heart, for  all her face is fair-  As deep and dark as though beneath the shadow  of her hair,  For in her hair a spirit dwells that no white  spirit is,  And hell is in the hopeless heaven of that lost  spirit's Wss.  She has two men -within the palm, the hollow  of her hand.  She takes their souls and blows them forth as  idle, drifted sand.  And one falls back upon her breast that is his  quiet home,  And one goes out into the night and is as wind  blown foam.  �� * �� �� ��� �� ���  And is there any home for him -whose portion  is the night?  And is there any peace for him whose doom is  endless flight ?  O wild, sad bird, O wind spent bird, O bird  upon the wave,  There is no home for thee, wild bird, but in  the cold sea grave!  ���"The Hill of Dreams." by Piana Macleod.  Hia View or Our  women.  According to the Rev. Dr. F. E. Clark,  American women are thus referred to  by the SAvami Vivekanenda, the Hindoo  who Avas so popular with women while  he was in this country: "When a woman tries her best to find a husband, she  goes to all the bathing places imaginable and tries all sorts of tricks to catch  a man. When she fails in her attempts,  she becomes what they call in America  an'old maid' and joins the church.  Some of them become very 'churchy.'  These churchAvomen are aAvful fanatics.  They are under the thumb of the priests  there. Between them and the priests  they make a hell on earth. They make  a mess of religion. With the exception  of these the Americans are a very good  people. They loved me so much. I loved  them. I felt as though I was one of  them. "���New York Tribune.  How to Hit a Ball.  xne ideal batter puts into ins stroke,  first, body motion; second, upper arm  motion; third, forearm motion, and  fourth, Avrist motion. The stroke begins  with a strong body swing, which is followed by the motions of the upper and  fore arm respectively, and ends with a  short, quick snap of the wrists. Although this is the analysis of the ideal  stroke, it is not precisely the one that I  would recommend for the majority of  amateurs. To get all the motions to  their full extent against good pitchers  requires an ability to judge the ball  more quickly and accurately than amateurs, with few exceptions, can do.  The wrist and arm motions can be controlled more easily and quickly than  the body SAving, so that if most of the  latter is left off the batter has a greater  chance of judging the ball accurately.  I therefore think, as accuracy is absolutely essential, that batters should be  coached to use but little body swing. In  other words, they should be coached  not to "slug" and try for home runs,  but to meet the ball squarely for line  Singles. When you see a batter, as I often have, strike at a ball, and from the  force of the stroke be turned completely  around, you have seen oneAvho is guilty  of two breaches of correot batting principles. First, having entirely sacrificed  the important arm and wrist motions,  he has, with stiff arms and wrists, depended entirely upon a powerful body  swing. And, second, he has lost his balance and therefore all batting form. It  ���will be well to bear in mind that  against any pitcher a good, clean hit  can be made, even without any body  motion, if the ball be hit squarely and  with a quick arm motion and snap of  the wrists. ���Harper's Round Table.  The  Windsor  Restaurant  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  of the  Silvery Slocan.  E*  /%-%/%'  IN NEW DENVER,  It was in operation when  l  Was turned against the country, and, now that|the  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  . . . . A place where any  . . . . appetite can be satiated.  COME |EARLY AND AVOID THE.RUSH.  In New Denver!  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present clay.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard, room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  Jacobson & Co.  **/***rt**^*Ab/*>wil*w**Ab*^  The Clifton House,  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckle}^, Prop.  OTEL 5ANDQN,  vK  ^\ vK tK ^\ 7ft  a    The  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Is a new house, with new furniture and everything comfortable  for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors.  Sandon, B.C,  'TpHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Job  room  of  The Ledge  ^Arlington Hotel  ^���^__g_B_v����^In Slocan City  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Qething & flendevsoti.  Is the finest west of the Red River  ...... The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than any print shop  Avest of Lake Superior    There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than anv. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train   .. .>  If you are in the. Slocan metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out of the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing- to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and avc Avill give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  ���%.   -%���   ^  *%.   -ft-   ^  ���^   "%���   ���%���   '^  &>      ^-      -%r  <%,      <*,      <%,      <%,  'V    ^    ^  "%���    ���%���    ^    ���%���  V ���*��� ^ ^ ���  ^    ���*-    ^   '%���   ..  'tis*.    "���������     ^  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  If you are going to  the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  vou.  journey  seekers.  It will cheer you on the  to   that   mecca   of  gold  ^^ffl'T^IMItflW'VIIIHiWTifniMitifflffl  SILVERTON, B. C.  Victoria  Is the  citv,  and  leading  hotel of the  headquarters  for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new, the rooms  all plastered, and the furniture in use is of the l&c_st  and most serviceable patterns  The service in the Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES    BOWES. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  Fourth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWEV, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three mouths * ���''���>  Six "        .:  l..-'-r>  Twelve  "          -'.00  Threk years svoo  Transient Advertising, 25 cents i>er line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  ahvays acceptable. AVrite on both sides of tlie  paper if you wish. Ahvays send something- good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest  TEURSDAY,   OCTOBER.   7,    1897.  /BEAUTIFUL   WORDS.  This Aveek being- the anniversary  of the birth of The Ledge it puts us  in mind of a beautiful stock of words  we received from that genial man,  Frank Fletcher, in payment for a  year's bonus to this paper at  Nakusp. The \A'ords are beautiful,  so beautiful. They are nice, slick,  sweet and elegant words, but of no  commercial value. We cannot raise  even a blister on them, and if Frank  Fletcher will pay the freight he can  have them back. They would look  nice framed, and hung upon the Avails  of his Nelson mansion, along with  the standard mottoes: "God Bless Our  Home," ' 'Come to Jesus," and similar  sayings that are usually found in  Christian homes.  CANADA'S POSITION WITH REGARD  TO SILVER.  It is a deplorable fact that the  press of Canada, and the people gen-  .' -erally, do not take the pains to understand the financial question better  than they do, and in this connection  " also the sad condition of their country.  Our Canadian press is ever ready to  discuss this important question as relating to other countries, but they  refuse to consider it in connection  with their own country. Our people  are free to criticise the action, or nonaction, of the people of other lands  relating to the question, at the same  time forgetting that Canada has  suffered as much if not more than any  other nation from the accursed gold  standard.  In an article two weeks ago Ave  attempted to point out the great advantage that would accrue were  Canada to adopt a financial policy of  her own in conformity Avith the policies of other nations, with the addition of free silver coinage at home.  While it is not necessary to repeat  what Avas said in the previous article  we believe we might enlarge upon  the main point then presented and  show the folly of attempting to hold  this country to the single standard  basis, and to, attempt at the same  time to fully develop her resources  and liquidate, or even reduce, her  national indebtedness. At present  we will not attempt to show the effect  of the demonetization of silver upon  the Dominion considered in a sectional sense, but only as relating to her  national fibre.  It first must be conceded that Canada is great and rich enough in her  partly developed resources to at least  keep down her national debt. This  can hardly be denied. And yet, if  we are to believe the most reliable  Canadian statistics, our national debt  has increased more than two-fold  since 1875, or, to be more explicit, in  twenty years from 1875 to 1895, it  has grown from $151,663,401 to the  enormous sum of $318,048,754, and  yet during this time Canada has paid  as interest on the debt more than  $170,000,000. During this time the  value of her imports decreased from  $123,070,283 in 1875 to $110,781,682  in 1896, or nearly thirteen millions,  and her exports increased in value  from $77,886,979 in 1875, to $113,-  638,803m 1895, or in round numbers,  thirty-five millions.  It does not seem credible that.  Avhile her exports increased so enormously from year to year, and her  paying facilities so improved, Canada  should go deeper and deeper in debt  as the years roll on, yet the average  vearly increase has been about eight  millions. But this is readily accounted for when Ave look at the seat of  the trouble.   It will be found in her  power ot the world that has its head  in England. Canada having no  mint of her OAvn, she is forced to rely  upon England for her silver and the  United States for her gold. She cannot coin even the money metals found  in her hills. Her metal money is  limited to what the money power  chooses to make, and, Canada is too  rich a field tor its operations to be  allowed a sufficient supply of standard coin to enable her to keep doAvn  the ever increasing debt.  Canada's gold supply being $14,-  000,000 only, and the amount now  required yearly to pay the interest  on her debt being more than $10,-  500,000 it would not leave her much to  operate on if it could be annually  used for that purpose. But such cannot be the case for something must  be held in reserve to protect the $50, -  000,000 uncovered paper floating  about the country as money.  With' this before us is it not easily  seen how vitally important it is that  Canada provides for herself a money  coined at home in sufficient quantity  to admit of her doing business with-  out going in debt year after year to  the tune of eight millions of dollars?  It is readily seen how dangerous it is  for her to continue on her debt increasing course.  Why are Canadian papers so silent  on this question when it is of so great  importance? Certainly not because  they are ignorant of the state of  affairs existing. This silver question  is nothing new. It is not a vagary  as the gold press would have us to  believe. For several hundred years  the Avorld had a double standard and  it was not until about 1868 that the  money lords of England first began  the herculean task of forcing the world  to the single gold basis.  The London Times stated the case  plainly in its issue of July 26, 1896.  We reproduce its words of warning:  "If the single gold standard can be  forced upon South America and Asia,  as it has been since 1873 forced on  North America and Europe, gold  must inevitably appreciate to at least  four times its present absurd value,  or to put it otherwise, commodities  must decline to one fourth the present  the place of those killed or maimed in  the mines or of those who die prematurely on account of bad ventilation underground, or of poor housing  and bad sanitation over-ground, the  mine oAvner and operator is justified  from the newpoint of civilized commercialism in regarding the killing  of the Hazelton miners as a trivial  matter.  Had these men lost their lives  working in the mine, by being asphyxiated in an ill-ventilated mine,  drowned by a sudden influx of water  or crushed by falling rock for want  of proper timbering, the circumstance  would be regarded as one of the  many casualties to which a miner  is subject and the matter Avould have  been dismissed Avith a feebly uttered  protest.  But when a body of miners marching peacefully along a public road,  unarmed, molesting no one, threatening violence to no one, are set upon  by the legalised hirelings of the coal  trust, the alleged guardians of the  peace and shot down like mad dogs  or maurading brigands, the indolent  stupid public conscience is roused  long enough to ask whether this sort  of thing is to become common and  then it relapses into its normal leth-  ergy.  The active anarchist in the United  States will find in the Hazleton outrage fresh argument for its crusade  against all governmental systems,  whether called monarchies, or republics.  Bam  ootr  \  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund   :    :     6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A.^Macntder, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clotjston,  Assistant Inspector.  James Airs, Secretary.  Branches iri all parts of Canada," -Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted 4  CORNER   ON   NICKEL-  PUBLIC   MORALITY.  price, and labor all the world over  be crucified as it was never crucified  before-���in days of mediaeval serfdom  or even chattel slavery. Such is the  contest. If the money lords can force  monometallism upon the whole world,  they will succeed in establishing the  most gigantic money aristocracy  among the rich, and the worst system of peonage, serfdom among the  masses that has ever cursed the hapless sons of men."  END    OF   THE   STRIKE.  effort to   maiutain  the  single  gold  standard, or, rather, not so much her  eflort to maintain, but in her neglect  in not having a double or more liberal  standard of her oavii and therefore  being compelled to abide by the mandates ot the great money kings.  It can be readily seen Iioav the  false and narrew policy acts against  Canada and in the interest of a foreign power, and in saying this Ave do  not mean the Mother Country as a  nation,   but   the   combined    money  The great strike in the Pennsylvania coal regions Avhich for several weeks absorbed public attention  is a thing of the past.  Hunger and militia, the allied forces of capital, aided by the judicial  ukase which in recent times is taking  the place of law in the Uuited States  has triumphed, and *'law an I order"  as the mine-owners would have it,  regions once more in Hazelton.  The chief lesson to be learned from  this strike is that organised labor i3  no match tor confederated capital,  especially is it so when backed by a  law which permits them to hire professional assassins avIio can butcher  men in cold blood.  The wholesale butchery of the  Hazelton miners by the riotous guardians of "law and order" is far enough  out of the grind of ' 'legal" crimes to  make even the most devout worship-  per of republican government ask  himself "what next." True it is  that the public conscience is so dormant, so callous, so thoroughly seared  by the frequency and magnitude of  the crimes committed in the name of  law and government or the nation  would rise as one man and denounce  the outrage.  As it is, the death by violence of a  score or two of "mudsilF'-workers in  mine on railroad, factory or on the  farm is in itself a small matter as  seen from the economic standpoint.  Human life is cheap and hence a  very drug on the market and  a fe\v score or a few hundred more or  less miners, is a matter scarce worth  a moments consideration.  The mine lords evidently take  tnis vieAV of the matter Avhen looking  after the personal safety of the brutalized half human operators, who for  a pittance scarce enough to keep  soul and body together, delve in the  bowels of the earth for the benefit of  their employers.  A very little forethought and a feAv  dollars taken from the profit side of  the ledger Avould often save the lives  of hundreds ot these Avage-slaves;  but knowing so Avell that thousands  of the unemployed would gladly take  Editor Ledge :���  Your modest correspondent, J, C.  Harris, has, apparently, a dual mission  as a scribe; first as a literary critic and  secondly, but perhaps primarily, as a  champion of the demi-monde. As a  critic Mr. H. Avould be more than prosaic. He quotes my words "to stem the  tide of immorality "flaunting itself barefaced," charitably hoping that I mix  my drinks less than my metaphors. I  think a seven-year-old school boy would  see that "immorality" and not tide, is  the article here indicated as flaunting  itself.  As to Mr. Harris' second criticism,that  of the word "lariattes," it affords me  pleasure to agree with him that the  word does not exist to the best of my  knowledge. I regret to. have to lay the  blame, as mildly as I can, upon the poor  "typo," Avho in all probability had  "copy" before him of a Avild west encounter in which the heavy villian got  "lariatted." . The word in my copy was  gay "Traviattas," Avhich perhaps might  have been equally objectionable, to Mr.  Harris on the ground that it may be  Greek or Italian and not therefore ad-  missable.  Mr. Harris next vtakes exception to  my statement that .'-lewd characters",  such as Iliad indicated, should not be  encouraged fin hotels or served with  liquor at public bars. Mr. Ii. insists  that a "saloon" keeper could not legally  refuse to serve liquor to any adult who  demanded it, and I contend that Mr.  Harris is mistaken. If such is the law  in this province, and I admit .that appearances point that way, then L assert  without fear of contradiction, that it is  not so in any other province of the Dominion. The primary object of the law  in granting a license to a hotel keeper  to sell liquor is .that the house shall be  orderly and respectably conducted in  the ordinary sense of these terms. That  is surely a self-evident proposition.  That the law takes cognizance of improper conduct in hotels is seen in the  fact that licences arelrevoked, and hotel  keepers summoned and fined for permitting improper conduct in hotels. The  presence of prostitutes in hotels, when  known to be such, is contrary to laAv in  all countries that I knoAV of.  I cannot trespass on your space to the  extent of occupying several columns,  such as would1 be required in order to  notice even briefly the controversal  points introduced by Mr. Harris.  I am, in Mr. Harris' eyes, a monster  who "attacks those poor prostitutes and  Avould drive them forth from elegant  society, where at least they are far less  dangerous to "respectable woman than  are drunken men." Permit me to^'say  that Mr. Harris is rash in his conclusions  in fact as well as in metaphor. I am a  friend to woman. I have had years of  experience of her as mother, friend,  sister, lover and wife. I have no feeling  for a fallen woman but a desire to rescue  her from the life of a beast���a corrupter  and debaser of her kind-and restore her to  family, friends and society���so far as that  may be possible. I need not enlarge on  the comparative value of Avoman to herself and her kind in a sphere of shame  and one of decency and usefulness.  Mr. Harris' postulate that, "prostitution is an inevitable accompaniment of  our present marriage system as poverty  is of our present rotten property system  and Pro Bono Publico's nostrums are  only on a par," &c. My letter was not  a plea for any "nostrum" on the fallen  Avoman question, but primarily a protest  against the too free issuing of liquor  licenses to the detriment of well conducted (houses, and drew attention to the  Avay a certain class of alleged hotels are  conducted.  I take exception, however, to Mr.  Harris' plea that���in any sense��� prostitution is an "inevitable accompaniment  of our present marriage system" or any  system or condition except the animalism of human-hog, male and female,  who represent but an infinitesimal minority of civilized life. The brightest men  of the day in art, literature, science and  politics are married men. The laws  regulating marriage are shaped by married men as they are overwhelming in  the majority in every legislature. Those  laws are just what "the moral fibre of  the community make them, and fairly  indicate tlie moral stamina of the people. In Canada the laws relating to  marriage and divorce are very different  to those of Dakota and Oklahama. The  laxity of the law of wedlock is the inevitable accompaniment of vice and  crime the world over.  Apologising for tlie length of this letter,  1 am, Sir,  1'lSO  IjONO    I'l'iJI.ICO.  A powerful American sj'ndicate,  headed by Mr. J. D. Rockefeller, is  at present endeavoring to corner the  nickel mines of Ontario. The attraction to the monoply mongers is the  anticipation that Britian will utilize  the output of the mines for armor-plating. Prof. Roberts-Austen, the British assayer; who is now in Canada,  has undertaken a series of experiments with nickel, and if he reports  that they demonstrate the ability of  the metal to with stand heavy guns,  it is thought certain that the Adinir-  ality Avill make use of it. The only  present obstacle to the newly-formed  syndicate securing control of the  mines is that some of the present  owners are asking higher figures  than the purchasers will agree to.  The resources at the command of Mr.  Rockefeller are practically limitless,  and the owners feel confident in  standing out for liberal terms.  Don't   Come   Around,  " See here, waiter," said a guest  at a western hotel in a new and struggling town, "haven't you got any  milk for this coffee?"  ' 'No, sir," replied the waiter affably,  "the milkman didn't come around  this morning."  ' T don't see any bread on the table."  "No, the bread man didn't come  around."  "Can you give me some iced tea?"  "Well, no; the fact is the ice-man  didn't come around. "  "I don't see any meat; nothing but  fried cat-fish."  "No; cat-fish is the best we can do.  The meat man didn't come around."  "Well, in the name of thunder who  did come around ? There isn't enough  to eat on this table to banquet a  squirrel."  "There was a cabbage man around  yesterday, and if you can Avait I'll  try and fix you up some cold slaw, or  if it isn't all gone, there is some dried  beef down in the cellar in a nail keg.'  Ready   Reference.  Willieboy���Papa, Avhat is an easy  thing?  Papa���Ask your mothor to tell you  about me,���Philadelphia North American.  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng:  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  H. T. BRAGPON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipes and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in AVcst Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices upon anything: required  in my line.  flOTEIiS OF KOOTEJSLRY  THE NEWMARKET,  New Denver, H. Stege  ASSRVE^S OF B. G.  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  ST. JAMES.  New Denver,  Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon,  R. Cunning  Properties  examined  tending  and   reported  purchasers.  on  for in  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J.  Silverton.  M. M. BENEDUM,  FRANK  Slocan City.  DICK,  QM. WOODWORTH, M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  F.  G. FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  AMOS THOMPSON, W.  D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  NEW DENVER, B. C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory,  vue ave, New Denver, B C.  Belle-  Go to  kinaws.  T. H. Hoben's for good  Mac-  t  F. W. GROVES,  CIVTX and MINING ENGINEER,  Provincial T-.hiuI Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface and  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C  J^.E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE'SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  ^Lnbcvt a It itx g ani*  (JBmlmlmutcj.  A stock af Undertaking1 Goods on  hand. Calls answered Night and  Day.  It isn't a sermon we re going to preach, but we want you  to know something about our  store, our goods, our aims and  our prices, and we'll tell you all  about it as briefly as possible.  Your ear for a minute:  We are located in the old  Bolander Building, corner Slocan  and El Dorado avenues, directly  opposite the Government building, New Denver.  Our stock consists of the  latest, newest, nicest makes of  Furniture on the market today.  We are also manufacturers of  Upholstery, and repairers of the  same. In these lines we challenge  comparison.  Our aim is to do an honest,  square, up-and-up business; asking your trade by meriting it;  and seeking to hold it by serving  you well.  Our store is open to your  inspection.    Come in.  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City, -      -      -  Chas. A. Stoess,  B O  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.  Kaslo, B. C.  A     DRISCOLL, C. E���  I" ominion & Provincial  Lacd Surveyor.  Slocan City, B.C  DR  A.S. MARS   r.^L.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surf  Chicago  ���ery  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  -1- No. 71,  Meets every Saturday night.  C.  McNTCHOLLS,   President  CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.  W. S. Dkewry  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. TwiGG  New Denver, B.C.  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  Kimiiruvn  Dcalor  i*nil<!i'i:iki'rs mid  s and Ucpsiirors,  Kmbsiliiw-rs.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  T IPE   INSURANCE.  The Ontario Mutual of "Watroloo, Ont  offers a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for your family.  Provision for your own old age  And a profitable investment.  The Ontario Mutual Li fo���27 th year.  Assets .-3,1M.908.  Full information l>y application to  W. D. MITCHELL. Agent,    New Denver, B.C Fourth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  THE   GOX.D    SEEK3EBS.  (By John Kendrick Bangs.)  Gold, gold, gold!  What care we for hunger and gold ?  What care we for the moil and strife.  Or the thousand of foes to health and life,  When there's gold for the mighty, and gold for  the meek,  And gold for whoever shall dare to seek ?  Untold  Is the gold;  And it lies in the reach ol the man that's bold:  In the hands of the man who dares to face  The death in tha blast, that blows apace ;  That withars the leaves on the forest tree ;  That fetters with ice all the northern sea ;  That chills all the greeu on the fair earth's breast,  And as certainly kills as the unstayed pest.  It lies in the hands of the man who'd sell  His hold on his life for an ice-bound hell.  What care we for the fevered brain  That's filled with ravings and thoughts insane,  So long as we hold  In our liands the gold ?  The glistening, glittering, ghastly gold  That comes at the end of the hunger and cold;  That comes at the end of the awful thirst;  That comes through the pain and torture accurst  Of limbs that are racked and minds o'erthrown,  The gold lies there and is all our own,  . Be we mighty or meek,  If we do but seek.  For the hunger is sweet and the cold is fair  To the man whose riches are past compare ;  And the o'erthrown mind is as good as sane,  And u joy to the limbs is the racking pain,  If the gold is there.  And they say, if you fail, in your dying day  All the tears", all the troubles, are wfjied away  Bv tlie fever-thought of your shattered mind  That a cruel world has at last grown kind;  That your hands o'crrun with the clinking gold,  With nuggets of weight and of worth untold,  And your vacant eyes  Gloat o'er the riches of Paradise !  STRIKE   ON   WILLOW   RIVER.  Cariboo Again the  Scene of a Considerable Mining Excitement.  Clarence Coulter, who left Ashcroft,  B.C., Saturday night, brings news of a  very rich strike made on Willow river,  about fifteen or twenty miles from Bar-  kerville, in the old Cariboo district,  which created almost as much furore  among mining men in the Ws as does  the inaccessible Klondike now, says the  P.I. The strike was made in bedrock  by a Mr. Laird, formerly of Chicago,  and a member of the piiblishing house  of Laird &Lee.  "1 have no personal i information of  the matter." said Mr. Coulter at his  home last evening, "inasmuch as 1  have no acquaintance with Mr. Laird  and have never visited his property,  but all Ashcroft was talking of it when  I left, and from what I know of the  country I am satisfied Mr. Laird has a  proposition worth many hundreds of  thousands of dollars to him.  "Leaving the Canadian Pacific railroad at Ashcroft, ic is 220 miles to  Quesnelle and 85 miles from there to  Barkerville, all the way on an excellent  government road, which the bicyclists  travel with ease. Fifteen or twenty  miles to the northwest of Barkerville is  a little stream called Mosquito creek,  which runs into Willow river, and it is  here Mr. Laird has made his find; for  he'has found something, and something  big���pay dirt, the first pan of which  washed out $(54 to the pan. That seems  to me to be a pretty good proposition  in any country, for the supply of dirt is  unlimited.  "It has cost him something, however;  to make the find. He has his family  with him, and he was burned out last  spring. The claim as it now stands  probably represents to Mr. Laird an  outlay of nearly ��20,000. It is in no  sense a poor man's country. It is, in  my own opinion, one of the greatest  hydraulic propositions on the Pacific  coast, but money is required to operate  the claims.  "Mr. Laird commenced by sinking a  shaft to a depth of about ninety feet,  and from the bottom i of the shaft running a tunnel several hundred feet to a  point under the old bed of Willow river,  which is a tributary to the Fraser. Owing to the presence of 'slum,' through  which the shaft cannot be sunk, it is  necessary to go out to the rim and sink  through to bedrock.  "The gold at the bottom is very  coarse; and as my impression is that  Mr. Laird has a number of leases,which  are peculiar to Canadian mining law, it  is probable that his claim is not only  very rich, but of large extent.  "This is the only strike of great value  of which 1 heard while there, but mining matters generally are brightening.  It will be remembered by those who  know of the Cariboo excitement, that  Williams creek was Avorked for more  than i$20,000,000 while the excitement  lasted. The Cariboo Hydraulic Mining  Company has made two clean-ups this  vear, from which it realized more than  ��132,000. There is gold up there and  lots of it, but it will require capital to  get it out."  Mr. Coulter left Seattle on the 4th of  last July in the interest of Seattle parties who expect to ��������� operate in the district, and has been absent ever since.  He intends to remain in Seattle during  the winter, but will return to the Cariboo in the spring.  Why   Not'  If the government can create  money for bankers, why not for itself  and the people?  If the greenbacks are money, how  can the power of the govern mant to  create money be denied?  If the greenbacks are not money,  why did the bondholders ever lend  the government any money,   having  lent nothing but greenbacks?  If the greenbacks are not money,  why have the soldiers ever been  paid, having received nothing but  greenbacks?  If greenbacks are not money, why  have the millions of debt that have  been settled with greenbacks ever  been paid?  If bank notes are good money, are  not the government notes much  better? _   _       _'_  _  Gentle Art of Hanging.  First White Cap���-Here'sa letter from  the wife of the man we lynched last  night.'  Second White Cap���You don't say ?  First White Cap���Yes, she says she  likes our style of doing things very  much, and asks us if we'd mind dropping up some evening this week to hang  a few pictures for her.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Pay Kock Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork  of Carpenter  Creek, about six miles  above Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  _L    agent   for  Edwin Smith  Graham  and A.  Hellmers, free miners certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend, GO days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certiticate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And,    further   take    notice,   that   action  under   section    37,   must    be     commenced  before the issuance" of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sent, 1897.           T. S. GORE.  Halton Chief Minei-al Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: North  Fork of Carpenter Creek about six. miles  above Three Forks.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  agent for Edwin Smith Graham, free  miner's certificate No. 80,480, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certiiieate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sept., 1897.   T. S. GORE.  O; K. Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: North  Fork Carpenter Creek, about six miles above  Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  X    agent for Edwin Smith Graham   and   A.  Hellmers, free miner's certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements,  for the purpose of  obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of September, 1897.  . T. S. GORE.  Millie Mack Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse mountain, on the south slope near the  summit.  rnAKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL    agent for The Kamloops Mining and Development Company, limited liability, free miner's  certiticate No. 97,8iiO, intend sixty days from tlie  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st dav of July, 1897.  . " J. A, KIRK.  Wolf Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Blue  Grouse mountain, one half mile north of  Cariboo Creek.  1AKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  agent for II. C. Sharp, free miner's certificate  No. 83,802 and C. C. Woodhouse, jr., free  miner's certificate No. 3103 A, intend GO days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take  notice   that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 19th day of July, 1897.  T. A. KIRK.  Silverton  Drug  StoreilHI.-  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R. O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  B. C.  Linton Bros  book store.  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting* Goods,  Fishing-Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tofoaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining- Laws & Maps.  The  Nakusp  Sawmill  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur.  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  Lumber  and Shingles  at Reduced Prices  T  T  Independence Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse mountain, about one mile from the  forks of Cariboo Creek.  1AKE NOTICE that I, J, A. Kirk, acting as  igont for C. C. Woodhouse, jr., free miner's  certiticate    No.    3103 A,    intend,    sixty    days  from the date hereof  to apply to the Mining  Recorder   for   a    certiiieate     of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take  notice  that action under  Section 37 must be  commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1'lst day of July, 1897.  J. A   KIRK.  PRICE  LIST: .  Rough Lumber, narrow, $10 oO  "        wide, $11 00 to 12 ..  Joist and ScantliniL,, sized up to  18 feet long, il ..  8'to24 ' 12 ..  21 'to 30 ' 13 ..  Flooring, T & G, 6 " 20 .  "             ���'     4 " 22 ..  V joint Ceiling, ���* 22 ..  " Rustic, 19 ..  Shiplap, 14 ..  Surfaced Dressed, 13 ..  A liberal discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & Co  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  General Merchants  Silverton, B.C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in the Slocan country.  McMILLAN & HAMILTON,  Wholesale    Grocers.  Agents for B.C. Sugar Refinery and  Royal City Planing Mills.  NAKUSP, B.C.  Our Nakusp branch is for sale.    Address  to Box 296, Vancouver, or Box 23, Nakusp.  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GrOETTSCHE & MAG-NUSON,PropS  rishot  S.AYW   MILL  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly  filled.  Address letters to New Denver.  mmmM^mmMm^m^mmwimm^^mmmm  mmm  Novs? oi^ tfye Market.  NoW oiq the Market.  Situated ir? tl?e Heart oftf?e hxzrqor} ��peek Gold Mir?es.  Black Prince,  Cold Blow,  Alpine,  Canieronian,  Alexandra,  Scenic,  Plenty of Good Timber.  Tuuo beautiful lakes near the Shapes of Liemon Creek  ���:  A beautifully situated towRsite, surrounded by Gold Mines.  Perfect Title to all property.  Price of Lots from $50 to $150 each.  Lucky George,  Maple Leaf,  Crusader,  Howard Fraction,  Sundown Fraction  and many others.  SIsOStflN 0ITY,  B.   0.   .  AGENTS.  ���������^���i 6  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  Fourth Year  ^ Test of Love-  Barorxees Martha Defoe placed hfif  hand on Erwin's arm and led him to  one of the cozy little sitting zooms ad-  joining the dancing hall.  "You muet be angry with mo, at least  greatly surprised. I hastened on at  Ada's urgent request. A day after my  arrival I insisted that you should follow  without giving any reason that could  seem adequate to you. It was so very  good of you to come that I cannot refrain from expressing my gratitude. To  be brief, I desire very much that you  should marry Ada."  "But, my dear baroness," exclaimed  the young man excitedly.  "Do you not love her?"  "With all my heart."  "And are you not sure that my little  friend reciprocates your feeling?"  "1 have at times felt convinced that  ehe does. But a woman's heart, yon  know"���  Erwin's frank and manly face became  sad.  "I thought I had heard about a ring  that Ada gave to you some time since?"  She touched with her finger a finely  carved cameo set in a band of gold on  Erwin's hand.  "You are slightly in error about  this, baroness. That Walter Bramont,  Ada's brother, was my dearest friend,  you, of course, know. We went to  school and afterward to college together. The friendly relations between Ada's  brother and myself date back to those  days. When the poor lad lay on his  deathbed, he desired to leave to me a  token of his friendship. By his sister,  Ada, he sent me this ring. Since that  day it has never left my hand. But as  ehe was merely the executrix of her  brother's will, I have no right to base  false hopes upon his gift"  "I look upon it as an indication that  Ada loves you," said Baroness Defoe  musingly. "To make sure of it, I wish  you to sue for her hand in marriage.  Be brave and ask her to dance with you.  The rest will take care of itself.''  The baroness dismissed Erwin with a  graceful wave of her pretty hand, then  followed him slowly from afar.  Making his way through a Bea of silk  and satin trains, Baron Erwin von Gerz  stood at last before Ada.  "May heaven bless them," whispered the baroness fervently, and, for the  nonce her hands were folded as if in  prayer.  The ball given by the Bramonts was  for days the sole topic of conversation  among the upper ten of the capital.  The toilets of the women, the splendor  of the arrangements were discussed by  enthusiastic and envious tongues alike;  but the sweetest morsel of gossip was  Ada Bramont's engagement to the Mar-  chese Lucano, which had been announced before the evening came to a  close.  The Baroness Defoe informed her  husband of their friend's unsuccessful  suit. "He came too late," she wrote,  "therein lies the secret of his defeat."  The Marchese Lucano was not painted  in flattering colors. "He is a handsome  man, and chivalrous enough to win any  young and romantic girl's heart. But I  believe that he is insincere and that  mercenary motives have prompted him  to ask for her hand."  The baroness was not alone in her estimate of the handsome marchese's character. Her opinion was shared by many  of Ada's friends.  Ada Bramont's father was a man of  sterling qualities, who had made his  way in the world by dint of energy and  business sagacity. He was considered a  very rich man. His integrity and practical knowledge of human nature had  never been questioned, and many were  therefore surprised that he should give  Ada into the keeping of a man who was  at best considered to be a fortune hunter.  Though she could not confide to Ada  the thoughts that disturbed her, Baroness Defoe, with her usual tact, touched  lightly upon the events of the night  soon after Ada had dismissed her guesta  and joined her friend in her room.  Ada's face betrayed agitation when  Erwin von Gerz'B name was mentioned,  but she regained her self control.  "I do not deny that I like Erwin���  Baron Gerz, I mean," answered the  young girl. "I like him very much indeed. I might have married him if circumstances had brought us together  sooner, but he lived most of the time in  the country and showed no inclination  for more than formal acquaintance.  How could I guess that he desired to  marry me? When he asked me at last,  it was too late. The marchese had my  word, and I saw no reason for altering my decision. You know, it is  papa's pet scheme to have his daughter  a marchesa. Why should I upset it  now?"  "I thought as much," murmured the  older woman. "Erwin has come too  late."  A few days later the Baroness Defoe  returned to her home in the interior of  the state. The separation from her  friend tried the young girl sorely. She  Was motherless from infancy and had  learned to lean upon the older woman  in all the little difficulties that beset a  young girl's life. To please his daughter  Mr. Bramont determined to take a summer residence in one of the small watering places of the Thuringian mountains, not far from the Defoe estate.  This was not at all in accordance with  the marchese's plans, who had hoped to  Bpend the summer months at one of the  fashionable spas in France or on the  coast of the .North sea. Prudence prevented him from interposing serious objections.  The Bramonts were warmly received  by the Baroness Defoe and her husband,  who helned to install them .in the tsret-  ty little villa that had been rented for  them. It was a plain, unostentatious  home, very unlike the elegant mansion  they inhabited in the city.  It could be seen ere long that the  marchese, who had accompanied them,  was entirely unsuited to the people with  Whom he came in hourly contact   Af  the summer passed on, he absented himself frequently for several days in the  week, going either to the city or hibernating at some fashionable watering  place, where he was sure to meet gay  company.  Mr. Bramont was not at all pleased  with the conduct of his future son-in-  law, and his daughter betrayed annoyance at his neglect. Baroness Defoe was  a* last no longer able to control her outraged feelings.  "Dissolve the bond!" she exclaimed,  seizing Ada's hand. "It is still time.  You will be unhappy, and then it will-  be too late."  Ada shook her head.  "It would be unwomanly," cried  Ada. "An engagement i��a promise neither man nor woman shoftld break. As  yet he has given me no cause for iracb  an act. If he should break it, it  would"���  The girl   paused,    startled   by   the  thought that only too readily suggested  itself.   "If I furnish  you with proof  that he is faithless, will you break with  him then?" asked the baroness.  "How will yon do it?"  "Trust me," whispered the baroness.  Next morning the marchese departed  on one of his periodical journeys.  While the marchese was absent Mr.  Bramont paid Erwin a visit. As be was  not aware of the latter's suit for his  daughter's hand, this visit was but the  natural outcome of the kindly feelings  he had always entertained for his son's  schoolmate and friend. He returned  from the Gerz estates highly leased  with Erwin's ability to manage his  property.  Marchese Lucano remained away longer than was his wont. A letter came  from him, advising his fiancee that  important business engagements made  it impossible to return. Mr. Bramont's  face grew more thoughtful as letter upon letter arrived from Lucano asking for  loans of various large sums of money.  The father refrained from acquainting  his daughter with the purport of these  missives.  Reports from other sources were not  calculated to dissipate Mr. Bramont's  vexation. It became known that the  marchese spent his time at fashionable  watering places, indulging in frivolities  unbecoming a man who was the betrothed of a sweet and innooent young  woman.  When he returned at last, he was as  amiable as ever. He relied upon his  power over Ada, whom he had fascinated by his dashing exterior. On the day  of his arrival at the Bramont home the  Baroness Defoe came over for a day's  visit with her friend.  The marchese asked his betrothed  how she had spent her time during hi6  absence, and Ada told him that she had  been very much interested in a volume  of Italian fairy tales which had accidentally fallen into her hands.  "How kind of you to devote your attention to the literature of my native  land!" smiled the marchese.  "One of these stories has been especially interesting.''  "Which one, my darling?"  "It is called'Love's Test Was True.*"  "A romantic title 1 Tell me the story,  sweet."  They gathered around the girl and  the marchese.  "Once upon a time there lived a  prince. He was handsome and elegant  of manner, and it was an easy thing for  him to captivate the heart of a young  girl. She consented to become hiB wife  and placed upon his finger a ring to seal  the bond between them. But he did not  love her as he should, caring only to  possess her wealth. Her innocence and  simplicity wearied him even before they  were united in marriage. He left her  for days at a time to engage in the gay  pastimes of the world. In her distress  the young girl sought the counsel of a  good fairy when next her lover was  gone. Together they thought of a plan  by which she would know whether her  lover was true to her or not.  "Under every ring constantly worn  on the same finger a stripe of white is  formed. No matter how brown and  weather stained the hand may become,  this stripe remains white and pure.  Men who are faithless to their vows remove their rings in the pursuit of unholy pleasures.  " 'This,' the fairy said to the young  girl, 'is an unfailing sign. When next  your lover returns to you, remove from  his hand the ring you have given him.  If the skin beneath is pure and white,  he has been true to you. If the stripe is  missing' "���  As Ada 6poke these words she playfully drew from the marchese's hand  the ring that bound him to her.  Lucano tried to snatch his hand from  her grasp, but Ada was quicker than  he. The telltale stripe was missing.  Pale as death, the girl arose, drawing  from her own hand the ring he had  given her and throwing it at bis feet.  That night the marchese went away  for the last time, never to return. It  developed subsequently that he had borrowed money wherever he could on his  prospect of marrying an heiress.  A year later we find Ada again,  spending the summer at the home of  her friend, the Baroness Defoe. The  baron had been away for several days  on a mission, the purpose of which only  his wife knew.  njea Dy isrwm von Gerz, who had fast  come back from a long sea voyage.  When he shook hands with Ada Bramont, she saw on his finger iter dead  brother's ring.  Tears glistened in her eyes. "How  good of you, Erwin, to wear this silent  token of my brother's love!" she said  feelingly.  "It has never left my hand from the  day you put it there."  He slipped it from his finger, and  there, vividly contrasting with the sun-  browned hand, Ada beheld a circle of  white where the ring had been.  A cry of delight broke from her lips.  ''I love you,'' whispered Erwin, ' 'and  I have been loyal to my love."  Ada Bramont knew he had. Love's  test had been true.���From the German.  BASING TOOTHPICKS.  THE INQUISITIVE MAN LEARNS SOMETHING  IN   LEWISTON.  Ce 1b ShoTro Over the Toothpick Factory  ty a Ilri��*:t Boy Who Was There Foi  Thct Purpose���A Eig Machine Too Intricate For Description.  NAVEL ORANGES.  Explanation ot Their Origin That Doesn't  yulto Kxplain.  They wanted to know about navel  oranges in the store, and the inquisitive  man uf-ked of the market man the same  question that the little boy asked his  mamniii. In vain the little boy awaited  the maternal response, but not so he of  tho inquisitive mind, for the market  man revolved the quid of thought in  his brain, eyed chicken and turkey and  juicy slices of beef, lifted an orange  and fondled it and said: "I can tell  you all about it. They come this way:  You see they import the seedless navel  orange trees from Australia. They don't  do well in this country, so they cut  down the California orange trees when  young and ingraft slips of the Australian tree into them, and they grow up  big and strong and perfect into the  juicy, applause compelling, mouth watering California navel. That's how  the navel comes." <;  A silence fell; and the inquisitive  man said: "Once a nigger asked the  deacon about how they made man in  the creation, and the deacon asked the  dominie, and the dominie said, 'Dey  wes a brack man and er brack woman  on de earf long 'fore dey was ever any  livin, movin thing, an de brack man he  took de brack woman and put her in de  sacred spring and leaned her up agin de  fence ter dry, and de brack woman took  er brack man and dipped him in de sacred waters an she leaned him'���  " 'Hoi on,' said the nigger. 'Dis  yeah was 'lore de Lord knowed any-,  thing about it, er dey was any earf or  anything.'  " 'Yes.'  " 'Well, I asts to know where dey git  dat fence?' and I \xaiJ> to know where  they get that Australia^ needless navel  orange tree."���Lewiston Journal.  Professor to well's Dante Examination.  Professor Lowell still -had a few  courses in Spanish and Italian. I remember going up to his house in June,  1876, to be examined in Dante. I was a  candidate for the degree of Ph. D., being one of the earliest applicants for  that degree. My course of study for  three years had been in English, German and Italian literature. As it happened, I was very well up in the "Inferno" and the "Purgatcrio," but I was  a little weak on the "Paradiso," especially the later cantos. I took counsel  with myself and made up my mind that  I would not be caught napping in case  treachery should be practiced on me.  Consequently, the night before I made  myself thoroughly familiar with canto  3*, the last canto. In the presence of  two men like Professor Lowell and  Professor Child, who was to sit with  him in judgment on me, I naturally felt  a little nervous, but ay opinion of my  own talents rose considerably when  Professor Lowell in an offhand manner  told me to begin at the last canto.���  Judge Kobert Grant in Scribner's.  Skirt Trimming.  Many of the models for summer  gowns, says a New York fashion writer,  have flat bands of velvet sewed on the  skirt or lace insertions set in about four  inches apart, some of these showing a  color contrasting with that of the dress  set beneath each row of insertion. Tiny  ruches of silk outline the skirt seams,  and wider ruches trim the extreme edge  of the skirt, adorn the sleeves and finish  the diminutive shoulder cape, and on  Other gowns accordion plaited frills ripple all over the dress from the neck of  the fcodice to the bottom of the skirt.  The sleeve tops are a mass of the plait-  ings and the little Marie Antoinette  Ichu or French pelerine is edged with  single, double or triple rows of the frills.  The word despot originally meant  master or lord. At a later period it became an honorary title, bestowed by  the Greek emperors on certain governors of provinces. Now the word con  veys- the idea of tyranny, though, strictly sj.cv.ldug, it merely means an abso-  ] ii i �����".��� rsiier.  Slack Wire Walking.  "The secret of slack wire walking,"  remarked Caicedo, the champion wire  walker, while in conversation with an  Answers contributor, "lies in the padding. The wire used is only a quarter  of an inch in thickness, and if it were  Dot that I take good care to have my  breeches well padded it would cut me  in two when I come down upon it in  the manner you saw me do just now.  "These breeches," continued the  King of the Wire, producing an article  that looked like a cross between the  pantaloons of a Spanish toreador and  the peculiar bell bottomed and pipe  seamed variety of "trousis" affected by  theWhitechapel coster, "are made from  the skin of the South African grysbok,  one of the toughest and at the same  time one )f the most pliable 'dress materials' known. It is practically indestructible. You cannot tear it, and to  wear it out is next door to an impossibility. No fewer than 25 complete skins  were used for that one garment, and in  places it is over three inches thick. Expensive? I wouldn't take a ��20 note for  that old pair of breeches. "���London  Answers.  The inquisitive man alighted from  the cars in the city of Lewiston, Me.,  end stood on the station platform in an  attitude of indecision, for he was at a  less lo say in which direction it would  be most desirable to turn.  "I can earn a dollar a day packing  toothpick?, and that is better than  working in tho cottcn factories," he  heard a little girl 6ay to a companion,  and instantly the inquisitive man had  found an occupation.  "Packing toothpicks! Of all things,  I prefer to ste a toothpick factory, and  it is fortunate I blundered on board  that train," he said to himself..  Then, with the air of one bent on  most urgent business, the inquisitive  uis-.n ret out in search of the toothpick  factory.  It was not so imposing a structure as  he had expected to see, but there was  so much bustle and semblance of industry everywhere around the establishment that his disappointment as to the  general appearance, cf the building was  soon forgotten.  Inclosing tho structure, as if to prevent its escape, were long rows of small  logs and short lows of big logs, each  one exactly lour feet in length, from  all of which the bark had been neatly  and entirely removed.  "It's birch and maple, of course. We  don't use any-.-other kind," a small boy  said in answer to the inquisitive man's  question. "I reckon you're a strangei  'round theso parts?"  "I do not remember ever having been  here before."  "Then I guess you never have, because you wouli-n't be 1'ikely to forget a  toothpick factory if you'd ever seen one.  We make G, COO,000 picks a day, and  that's quite a pile. Anyhow, you'd think  so if you had to coui.t 'em before getting a bite to eat. Want to see the machine?"  "Can yon show it to me?"  ' 'That's what I'm here for."  "I shoi-.M think ihat it would be  more prc:Lt;;bie to wc.rk in the factory  than to k.H) your time away answering  the questions of ignorant people like  myself."  "That's whero you make a big mistake, mister. It's a mighty mean man  who won't pay me lor showing him  'round, and I pick up fair wages when  there's a good crop of visitors. Come  along, and I'll blimv you the toothpick  business. Here in thiG yard the stock is  sawed into pieces CJ4 inches long."  And tho small bey pointed to the in-  closure in 'which a dozen or more circular saws were LiTSizing aud humming as  they quickly divided, the logs into the  required lengths:.  Ail pieces net clear and straight  grained were thrown aside, and the remainder was being packed into barrels  so made that wide crevices appeared between the staves.  "Yes, that's all right," the small boy  said, answering the inquisitive man's  look, of inquiry. "Thcs stock is being  packed for the steaming room. When  the barrels are lull, they'll be taken  there and left about three hours, when  the blocks will be almost as soft as  leather. Charging'the weed with steam  drives out ail the sap, uud it is then  ready for splitting. Come this way and  you can see how that part of tho work  is done."  The small bey led the visitor to a  room in the main Luilding, where was  what is known as a "veneer machfne,"  a piece of mechanism not unlike a lathe,  which was rapidly converting the wood  into pliable bands, hardly thicker than  ordinary cardboard. The keen knives  cut the 6J4 inch blocks so readily and  smoothly that the general appearance oi  the work was much as if a roll of cream  colored ribbon was being unwound and  thrown carelessly on the floor. Two  -boys were gathering up the damp material and winding it on huge spools.  "They're getting it ready for the big  machine," the guide said as he chewed  a fragment cf the woocten ribbon. "Every one of the spools holds about 100  feet of the veneer, and tlie rest of the  work is done so quickly that you won't  have much of a chauce to see the operation."  The "big machine" was so intricate  that tho inquisitive man realized that  he could not describe it intelligently,  even though he should spend many  hours stuuying its construction. He  saw at one end of a long, narrow structure, filled with wheels and knives,  arms ou which the spools of veucei  were hung and observed that men pushed the ends of the wooden ribbon  through narrow slots, where it wai  seized by little steel fingers.  He knew that somewhere inside the  machine the material was being cut,  trimmed and smoothed into flat picks  with chiselliiJa ends, for directly opposite to where the veneer was being fed  to the iron workman a long spor.r shot  out toothpicks in bewildering numbers.  It was a perfect cloud of tiny bits of  wood, which would soon have buried  the machine itself but for tho fact that  boys were gathering the harvest into  wooden boxes with wire bottoms capable of holding a peck or more.  "That's all there is to the making,"  the guide said as the inquisitive man  raised his eyes. "Of course they're soft  now, as the veneer was, but these boys  will take them into the drying room,  and after they've had hot air forced  through them by the steam blower for  30 minutes or half an hour they'll be  stiff and brittle, so that you can break  a dozen or so a day and in that way  help to make trade good."���James Otis  in Philadelphia Times.  CHINESE SOLDIERS.  Curtains were employed for bedsteads  in the eleventh century. They were afterward transferred to windows.  A Remarkable  Promotion���How the Officers Rob the GoTernment.  A young man from my native town  entered the army, and by dint of hard  fighting and real merit rose to the rank  of brigadier general, but with him at  every promotion rose his brother, whom  I will call X., who had not met him  for years and who was peacefully occupied as cook in a distant opium den.  This is how it was done. The soldier,  after each engagement in which he distinguished himself, reported imaginary  feeds of valor performed by his brother,  nnd his word was taken. One day the  cook in the opium den, who had never  even seen a battle, read his name in The  Gazette and found to his surprise that  he had attained the rank of colonel in  the imperial forces.  Military service is in many -ways  very remunerative to the officers. They  enroll any men they like, and they always draw the pay for many more men  than are actually in the army. About  70 per cent of the full number of men  nominally serving and for whom pay is  drawn is the average strength of the  forces, even under Li Hung Chang's  comparatively honest officers, while  elsewhere 100 men on paper usually  mean but 40 or 50 in the flesh. On review days the officers engage a sufficient  number of soldiers by the day to make  the army look all right. But there are  other sources of profit besides dealing  in dummy soldiers. The live ones have  to wear uniforms and to eat, and both  food and clothes are supplied at extortionate nrices bv the officers, bo that of  tne 5 taels per montn paid By tne government for each soldier, about one-fifth  or less reaches the pockets of the men.  All this refers to the "braves" who are  only engaged during wartime and are  disbanded the moment the fighting is  over wherever they may happen to be  and nearly always without the meant  of returning to their homes, thus keeping up the supply of armed robbers all  over the empire.  As to the soldiers of the standing  army in times of peace, they are, with  the exception of the Mantohoo garrison,  so wretchedly paid that its strength exists only on paper. The men enlist and  regularly draw their pay���8 shillings  per month���and have scarcely any further connection with the military sorr-  ice. The few that go on duty in the city  gates live entirely on bribes. The Man*  chu force under the Tartar general/on  the other hand, is well paid, but these  soldiers do no fighting. They are only  engaged in guarding the city against  Chinese rebels. They live in a separata  quarter to that occtipied by the Chinese,  on whom they often make unprovoked  attacks. Thus fights between the Chinese and the Tartar soldiery are of common occurrence, and as these Tartar soldiers are not under the jurisdiotion of  the civil law their outrages invariably  go unpunished. Naturally there is no  love lost between the city guards and  the native Chinese.���English Exohanae.  Social Discontent.  "Doesn't it make you sad when yon  think of the poor?"  "Why, no, not particularly. It makes  me mad, though, when I think of the  rich."���Indianapolis Journal.  Port of  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOriS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.R.&B.GameroR  Formerly, of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing-  ���: in the :���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���-  Tailor's    Aft.  shops at TH ft.EE FOKKS & SANDON.  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOCASSS CITY, B.C.  HPHEf^ASL0 H0TEL  Family & Commercial.  L  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates ^2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  Rosebery  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds, war ted for  English market.  Kcnd full piinieuliu's to  RICHARD PLEWMAN  Mining Broker, 1*. O. Box 7oG, Rossland, B. o  <Xf  . m\(kM\l.(k. milk. mmMm  DR. A. MILLOY,  Room 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  is  IS G/IMIS  <�� G/JMO @J||l<0  Baby carriages, fancy.upholstery and  furniture at Crowley's. f  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring1  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  thetownsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  r cash; balance three and six  Terms,  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent, Fourth Yeab.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  RIGHT  WILL PREVAIL,  fSR  There Is not on this old earth  A country so- near  To our l>��.'irt's fond affection  Ass America dear.  We so cherish her honor,  Her freedom, her fame,  We would leave not one staia  To ever tarnish her name.  Yet such evil exists which,  If not brushed away.  Must sully hi r splendor  At som>.' future day.  For the rich in their power,  Their pri :    an i  their greed  Are fast ci- shing t. e poor,  ,   Who are w< ak and in need.  But the fart that the yoke  Of injustice anil wrong'  Has been put by the will  Of Lhe rich and the strong1 ���  On the neck of the laborer,  Poor and obscure,  Is fos tii wafted by breezes  That can but endure.  And those breezes of censure,.  Of sympathy, love.  Will pass still on their couraa,  Given power from above,  Till the darkening miseries  Shall Fcatter and flee,  Like the mist clouds before '  The bright sun in his sea.  ���Railroad Telegraph.  INDKEAMLAND.  It was the blackest night I ever saw.  The wind soughed through the trees in  fitful gusts, and the boughs bent their  heads before it in harmony. It was a  night I shall never forget, as coupled  with it is one of the strangest adventures of my eventful career.  I was seated on the veranda of the  bouse in which I boarded. It was quit��  late���yes, I remember hearing the tower  clock strike 11. There is nothing in the  world that will occupy a man's attention when seated alone in the dark like  meditation. Suffice it to say that I was  thinking.  How long I would have sat there I do  not know. But as I happened to glance  at the sky I noticed a faint light far off  comiDg toward me. At first it was nothing but a speck dotting the heavens, but  as it approached it grew momentarily  larger. Bewildered, I watched it come  on, and, as it got within 200 feet of me,  I noticed that it was a gigantic balloon.  At last it arrived within 50 feet of me  and landed. At the expiration of five  minutes a form stepped out of the basket, and as the person got between myself and the light which hung from the  balloon I noticed that it was a woman.  She walked straight up the garden path  and ou to the veranda and then to me.  Placing her hand on my shoulder, she  said:  'My dear Henry, would you like to  take a journey with me in my balloon  on a peculiar errand?"  Her dear Henry! The woman was  evidently mistaken, as my name was not  Henry.  But before I had time to reply or collect my thought she went on:  "I knew you would, and it was needless to ask you. Henry, when I stated I  loved you centuries ago it was indeed  true, and when you died and left me I  thought my heart would break, and I  vowed then and there to watch over you  and sacredly guard your remains. When  you came���returned from���well, when  you entered upon this second life I knew  your heart was no longer for me, but I  still maintained my watchfulness, and  what did I see? I beheld you a week after your return to life���in a room with  your anus around her. Well, to make a  long story short, I have come tonight to  show you her infidelity."  My God, was the woman insane?  What did she mean by a second life?  What did she know about centuries ago?  And, then, who did she take me for?  However, I made up my mind to see  the thing out, so I replied:  "Well"���I was going to address her  by name, but I knew none and would  not make a foolish guess���"pet, how  was I to know where you were? In vain  did   I seek you.  I"���  But she interrupted me with:  "Let it pass, Henry; let it pass.    It  can make no material difference now.  But answer me.    Would you like to see  your present love?"  I admitted that I would, and I seated  myself in the basket and watched her  manipulate tho machinery of the balloon. It was unlike any other balloon I  had ever seen���very large, but square in  form. She inflated it by simply touch  ing a lever and then reversing it. There  was no ballast in the basket. I watched  her preparing for our aerial flight and  scanned her face closely. It was a beautiful one, one which haunts me to this  very day.  She touched a small button, and the  massive structure swayed for a moment,  then with the gracefulness of a bird  sprang into the air and started upon its  journey.  I will not attempt to describe what  followed. I remember vaguely of holding that strange being in my arms and  rashly kissing her pretty lips as we  swooped through the air.  Releasing herself from my embrace,  she sprang to the mechanism of the balloon and pulled back the largest lever  With a quick jerk. We seemed to hover  in one spot for a moment and then shot  swiftly downward. How far we dropped  I had no means of ascertaining. But I  had the satisfaction of seeing the thing  Settle easily down and��� Heavens, how  did the woman know that house? We  had settled by the side of the house in  which the young lady lived to whom I  was then engaged.  About ten feet from where we were  was a window, through which a bright  light shone. This was very unusual in  this bouse, considering the lateness of  the hour.  Climbing out of the basket, I walked  noiselessly to the window and gazed in.  And what a sight greeted my eyes! On  a couch sat my Maud���my future happiness���and at her side, his right arm  about her waist and holding her hand  with his left, sat a man whom I had  never seen before.  AI3- first impulse was to crash through  the window and grasp him by the  throat. But, on second thought, I decided to wait at least a few moments  and see what would occur.  lu the meantime my companion had  secured the balloon and had joined tne.  Her words nettled me.  "Dear Henry, a pleasant sight, is it  not?"  I made no answer, but peered into the  window all the more eagerly. I saw  him rise and throw himself at her feet,  still retaining her hand. I saw his lips  move and noticed her head shake from  side to side. At last he arose, and��� No  one was prepared for what followed, at  least I was not.  With a quick motion he brought forth  B pistol, placed it against his temple  and deliberately pulled the trigger. A  ���fiash, followed by a sharp report, an  agonizing shriek, and a cloud of smoke  told the story all too plainly.  This was beyond all human endurance. I was about to spring through the  window when my companion again asserted her magnetic influence.  "Not so fast, Henry," she said.. "Tomorrow will do. Cornel"  Submissively I followed her. Being  safely seated in the basket again, we  started on our return trip.  As we ascended I looked over the side  of the basket. My companion joined me.  "My love," she murmured, "I would  like very much to take a leap from the  side of this balloon. I have done it often  before and safely. Look I"  She stooped and picked tip a parachute which had hitherto escaped my  attention. In a bewildered way I watched her.  '' Good by, my love,'' she said. ' 'When  I drop, pull this lever���so; you see?���  and that will bring the balloon to the  ground in short notice. But remember  this: Under no circumstances must you  tamper with the other mechanism."  She climbed upon the edge of the  basket, poised a moment and then threw  herself from the balloon.  I saw her go. I watched her as she  endeavored to spread the parachute. But  in vain. I heard her shriek of despair  as she shot downward. I kept my eyea  riveted on her until she faded away in  the distance.  A thought struck me. I could descend  and see what had become of her. Springing to the side of the basket, I pulled  the lever, but it failed to respond. Again  and again did I pull, but it was useless.  Frantically I pressed a large button  at my side. A dull roar seemed to issue  from the inflated part of the balloon���  a roar that gradually became deafening.  Slowly the balloon started to sink,  gradually gaining speed as it descended.  It now shot so rapidly that certain destruction seemed to await me below.  Crossing to the other side, I peered  below. Heavens, the housetops could  now be plainly distinguished in the soft  gray light of dawn! One house stood up  boldly above the others. It was the  house in which I lived, and if the balloon could not be checked I should fall  right on it.  I looked over again, and this time the  houses appeared to be a very short distance away. Could nothing be done?  No. The machinery still maintained its  rigidness.  I closed my eyes and awaited the end.  There was a dull, rasping sound as the  balloon struck the roof of the house,  and������  "Charlie, are yon going to work this  morning?"  It was my roommate's voice. Had I  been dreaming? Well, I guess that was  about the size of the whole adventure.  ���Clarence McDonald in Owl.  NOTICE.  Licence Authorizing an Extra Provincial  Company to Carry on Business.  "Companies Act, 1897."  Canada, 1  Province of British Columbia, f  No. 3/97.  rriHIS IS TO CERTIFY, that "The West  X Kootenay CB.C.) Exploring and Mining,  Company, Limited,"' is authorized and licensed  to carry on business within the Province of  British Columbia.  The head office of the Company is situate in  Scotland.  The amount of the capital of the company is  ��50.000, divided into 50,000 shares of ��1 each.  The head office of the Company in this Province is situate in Silverton, andDavidBrem-  ner, whose address is Silverton, West Kootenay, Britislr Columbia, is the Attorney for the  company.  The objects for which the company has been  established and so licensed are:  (1.) To adopt and carry out, with or without  modification, an agreement between Alexander Hamilton Bremner, stockbroker, Glasgow,  of the first part, and Henry Forrister, stockbroker there, as trustee for and on behalf of  this company, of the second part, dated 12th  March, 1897, providing for the purchase by the  company of certain mineral claims, mining  rights, and others therein described, including  the mineral claims and mining interests in  the "Exchange" group, "Bachelor" group,  and "Wakefield" group, all in the Slocan  Mining District of West Kootenay, British  Columbia, with the plant, houses, and others,  and the whole other rights and appurtenances  of the said mineral claims and others, all as  referred to in the said agreement:  (2) To acquire, explore, open and work  claims or mines, and to raise, dig and quarry  for gold, silver, minerals, ore and coal, earth  and other valuable substances, in British  Columbia, or elsewhere, and either absolutely  or conditionally, nnd either solely or jointly,  or with others:  (23.) To sell, feu, improve, manage, develop,  lease, mortgage, dispose of, turn to account  or otherwise deal with, all or any part of the  lands, property or rights of the company:  (24.) To procure the company to be registered  or recognized in British Columbia (or elsewhere,  as may from time to time be determined.):  (25.) To do all or any of the above things in  any part of the world, and in particular in  British Columbia (and in Great Britain), and as  principal agents, contractors, or otherwise, or by  and through trustees, agents, or otherwise, and  either alone or in conjunction with others:  (20.) To distribute amongst the members any  of the property of the company without conversion into money, or any proceeds of sale or disposal of any property of the company:  (27.) To do all such other things as are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the  above objects.,  Given under my hand and seal of office, at  Victoria, in the Province of British Columbia,  this 4th day of August, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven.  [l.s.] s. y. wootton,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  Fidelity Mineral Claim.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Yuma,    Aurora,    Suburban    and    Night  Hawk Fraction Mineral Claims.  Situated  in the Slocan Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  About two miles southeast of New Denver,  B.C.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred Driscoll, as agent  1    forF. L Byron, free miner's certiiieate No.  8197.9, L. F. Holtz, free miner's certificate No.  74G89, and A. S. Williamson, free miner's certificate    No.    79237,    intend    sixty    days    from  the date   hereof,   to apply  to   the  Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before tiie issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 20th day of Sept., 1897.  PASSENG  EACH   DAY.  R6  EACH   DAY  Elkhorn Mineral Claim.  A Story of Dupew and Evarts.  "By the way," said Eli Perkins fifa  reminiscent mood, "I rode up to Windsor with Mr. Evarts one day. He Was  accompanied by a boy who was reading  the morning papers. As soon as he recognized my voice he said: 'Come over  here, Eli. You know what I want. Give  me the digest of all the news arrQ all  the funny stories. Oh, I do miss the  stories so! What has Depew said lately?'  "A moment afterward we were talking about riding on the Wagner, and  I said, 'Now, Mr. Evarts, you have  ridden a good deal on the sleeper, and  how had a man better lie to sleep well���  head to the engine, or feet toward the  engine?'  " 'Oh, you shouldn't come to a lawyer with such a question as that, Eli.  That isn't a law question; that is an  sngineerinu question. You should go to  some railroad president with such a  question,   oo and ask Depew.'  '"But Depew is a lawyer, isn't he?'  I said.  " 'Well, y-e-s���Depew is a lawyer.'  Then, he continued slowly and thoughtfully, 'But all the law Depew knows  wouldn't bias him in answering any  question.'  ' 'When I told this story at the Lotos  club, a week afterward, Depew happened to be there. He laughed with the  rest, but just before he left he leaned  forward, with his hand over his mouth,  and whispered to me:  " 'The story is all right, Eli, but if  you won't tell it anymore in New York  I'll give you an annual on the road.'  "Mr. Evarts for years sent a half barrel of pork every year to Bancroft, the  historian, with a characteristic note.  No one ever read these notes but Bancroft. When the historian died, they  found these no 4 from Evarts, tied up  with red tape by the hand of the dead  author:  "Dear Bancroft���If your history of America ever becomes as successful as Carlyle'a  'History of the French Revolution,' it will be  largely attributable to my pen.        Evarts.  "Deak Bancroft���I send you two products  of my pen today���my usual half barrel of pig  pork and my eulogy on Chief Justice Chase.  "Evarts."  ���Chicago Inter Ocean.  .Veniinine Forethought.  "Harry, you had better sit part of  the evening on my right side and part  of it on my left side."  ' 'Cupid's ghost!  What's that for?"  "I  don't want  people   to  be saying  that you got  curvature of  the spine on  my account.''������Detroit Free Press.  (3) To carry on in all its branches the business of a mineral or mining company, merchants, agents, storekeepers, farmers, stockmen, graziers, carriers, transport agents,  builders, contractors and brickmakers, and to  carry on any other business or businesses  which may seem to tho company capable of  being conveniently carried on in connection  with the above, or calculated to develop, enhance the value of, or render profitable the  property and rights of the company:  (4.) To acquire from time to time, by purchase, lease or otherwise, such lands, mines,  works, Duildings, easements, machinery, plant  and stock-in-trade, and also any concessions,  claims, licenses, patents, trade marks, monopolies, rights, privileges or authorities of  and over mines, mining rights, land, mineral  properties, water and other rights in British  Columbia or elsewhere, as may be necessary  or convenient to enable the company to,carry  on its business, and that either absolutely or  conditionally, and either solely or jointly with  others:  (5.) To acquire by purchase, concession,  lease, hire, charter or otherwise, or to erect,  construct, carry out, maintain, improve,  work, control and superintend any roads,  ways, bridges, maehinery,cworks, houses, railways, reservoirs, water-courses, tramways,  aqueducts, wharves, furnaces, mills, quarries,  pits, crushing works, hydraulic works, electrical, chemical, and mechanical works, factories, warehouses, steam or sailing ships,  boring, hauling or other machinery, appliances or engines, and other works and conveniences which may seem directly ,or indirectly conducive to any of the objects of the  company; and to contribute to, subsidise, or  otherwise aid or take part in any such operations, whether the same belong to the r-om-  pany or to any other company or person:  (G.) To search for, win, get, quarry, reduce  amalgamate, calcine, dress, refine, and prepare for market auriferous quartz, silver,  minerals, ore, diamonds and precious stones,  coal, earth, and other valuable substances,  and generally to carry on any metallurgical  operations which may seem conducive to any  of the objects of the company:  (7.) To buy, sell, refine, manufacture, and  deal in bullion, specie, coin, precious metals,  minerals, plant, machinery, implements, provisions, goods, draperies, and things capable  of being used in connection with any of the  operations or works of the company, or required by workmen and others employed by  company, or which the directors for the time  being may think fit to deal in or dispose of in  the districts where the company's works or  any of them may be carried on:  (8.) To purchase, subscribe towards, and  erect churches, halls, dwellings, hospitals, or  other charitable or other institutions or conveniences for work people; and to'make donations to such persons and for such objects  as may be thought conducive to the objects of  the company.  ('!>.) To establish, manage, and assist chemical and assaying laboratories for analytical  and testing purposes, particularly for analysing and testing the valuable substances  specified or referred to in this article, and  generally to carry on, and promote the objects  of mineralogists, metallurgists, and amalgamators:  (10.) To acquire, carry on and undertake all  or any part of the business, property, and  liabilities of any person or company carrying  on business similar to that which this company is authorised to carry on, or possessed of  property or rights suitable for any of the purposes of this company.  (11.) To enter into partnership or into any  arrangement for sharing profits, union of interest, reciprocal concession, joint adventure  or otherwise, or amalgamate with any person  or company carrying on, or about to carry on,  any business similar to that which this company is authorized to carry on, or any business or transaction capable of being conducted so as to directly or indirectly to benefit  this company.  (12.) To acquire any invention capable of  being used for any of the purposes of the company, and to acquire any letters patent, brevets d'invention, privileges, monopolies or  concessions of an analogous character,  whether granted by the United Kingdom of  Great Britain or British Columbia, or by any  other country, in respect to any such invention.  f 18.) To acquire and grant licenses to work  and use any inventions which the company is  authorized to acquire:  (14.) To sell, lease, mortgage, abandon  claims and rights, dispose of, give in exchange,  turn to account, or otherwise deal with all or  any part of the property and rights of the  company, including the sale or other alienation, and the granting of powers to work any  mines, claims, interests or rights of the company on any terms which may from time to  time be deemed fit:  (lfi.) To sell the undertaking, property, and  rights of the company, or any part or parts  thereof, from time to time, for such consideration as the company may think fit, and in  particular for cash, shares, stock, debentures,  debenture stock, property or secureties of any-  other company having objects altogether or in  part similar to those of this company.  (1G.) To buy, sell, and to make profits by  dealing in claims, mines, lands, properties,  rights and interests, and to develop and work  and otherwise turn the same to account, and  for this purpose to determine how much of the  proceeds of sale or realization of any such  claims, mines, lands, properties, rights, and  interests are to be deemed capital, and how  much profit, and to distribute any such profits  among the members in cash or otherwise:  (17.) To promote, form, and be interested in  any other company, syndicate and partnership  from time to time, whose objects shall include  the acquisition and taking_ over of all or any  of the property and liabilities of this company  and to transfer to any such company any  property of this company, and to take or otherwise acquire, hold, or dispose of shares, stock,  debentures, debenture stock, property, or  other secureties in or of any such company,  and to subsidise or otherwise assist any such  company:  (18.) To invest and deal with any moneys of  the Company not immediately required for  carrying on the business of the company, upon  Such secureties and in such manner as may  from time to time be determined, and to realise, vary, reinvest, or otherwise deal with such  securities as may from time to time be determined:  Situate in the Slocan Mi.iing Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of the Ruth group, within one mile of the  town of Sandon. '  TAKE NOTICE, That I, E. M. Sandilands,  free miner's certificate No. 86121, intend, 60  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  punwse of obtaining Crown Grant of above  claims.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before issuance of such  Certificate of improvements.  .Dated July 24,1897.  E. M. SANDILANDS.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On the  left bank of Miller Creek, about half a mile  from its junction with Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, J. H. Gray, acting as  agent for J. W. Stewart, free miner's certificate No. 77,098, intend, sixty days from the  date_ hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before ithe issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 16th day of July, 1897.   __  TRAINS  - Between -  Trail and  Rossland  m & Western R'y  Run Made in one Hour.  On the-^  Irene  Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located : Near the  town of Sandou.  TAKE NOTICE that I, E. M. Sandilands, free  miner's certificate No. 80121, as agent for A.  H. Blumenauer, free miner's certificate No. G1895.  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must he commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 18th day of August, 1897.  War Eagle Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creek, a tributary of Cariboo  Creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Geo. Alexander, free  miner's certificate No. 74000, and as agent  for H. B. Alexander, free miner's certificate No.  77602, S.E. Manual, free miner's certificate No.  78270, and P. G. Fauquier, free miner's certificate  No. 78379, intend sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.  NOTICE.  [L. 1847, G. l.J  Snowflake Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoining the Greenhorn mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  whaite, free miners' certificate No.  1206 A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must becommenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of September, 1897.  EDWARD H  APPLEWHAITE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that I intend, 60 days.  Il after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 160 acres of land, (more or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a post marked -'HenryStege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south along the lake shore to place of commencement.  Located Aug. 23,1897,  HENRY STEGE,  New Denver, Aug. 23,1897.  NOTICE.  RICHMOND, STARVLEW and EMPERE NO.  MINERAL CLAIMS.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Three-  quarters mile s. e. of town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, R.E. Palmer, acting  as agent for George Gooderham, free  miner's certificate No 75189, intend, sixty days  from date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section  37. must be commenced  before  the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Da'ted this 29th dav of July, 1897.  R. E. PALMER.  VTOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  ll I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following described lands situated in the  Slocan Mining Division, West Kootenay District,  on Fennel creek, (a Branch of Four Mile creek)  and about seven and one-half miles from the  town of Silverton: Commencing at a post on the  east side of Fennell creek marked "R. H. H.  Alexander's northeast corner," and running west  80 chains, thence south 53 chains, thence east 30  chains, thence north 53 chains, to point of com.  mencement and containing 160 acres, more or  less.  Dated 20th August, 1897.  R. H. H. ALEXANDER.  DISSOLUTION  OF   PARTNERSHIP.  No. 6 Leaves Rosslaud at 7 aim.; Connects m  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossland with Red Mountain train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossland at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No.'4 Leaves Rossland at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Steamers for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning", making close connection  at Eevelstoke with trains (or  all points East or "West.  .Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacG-regor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,  or to E.  J.  Coyle,   Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  THE  Partnership  heretofore existing between  Robert Sanderson and Nathan E. Lay, is  hereby dissolved by mutual consent.  ROBERT SANDERSON,  NATHAN E. LAY.  Trail. Sept. 13,1897.  Keno Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.  TAKE NOTICE that I, S. P. Tuck, free  miner's certificate No. 97,382, acting as agent  forW. P. Rus&ell, free miner's certificate No.  762G6, intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notioe that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 26th day of Angust, 1897.  KASLO&SLOCAN RY  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  k  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  Great Eastern Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about U miles southeast of Town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer of  Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No.97435 intend 60  days from tlie date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements ~  R. E. PALMER. P.L.S.  Dated this 16th day of September, 1897.    selG  Leave 8 00  A.M.   Kaslo  Arrive, 3 50 P.M  "   8 36  i��  South Fork  "      3 15     "  "   9 36  ti  Sproule's  Whitewater  2 15     "  "   9 51  u  "       2 00     "  '��� 10 03  ��� t  Bear Lake  "      1 48     "  " 10 18  u  McGuigan  "      1 33     "  " 10 38  Cody Junction "      1 12     "  Arr. 10 50  a  Sandon  CODY  LINE.  Leave 1 00     "  Leave 11.00  x.m.  Sandon  Arrive 11.55 a.m..  "     11.25  n  Cody  "     11.20   ���'  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  Wakefield Fraction Mineral Claim.  Lot 1810.  Situate on north side of Four Mile Creek, about 4  miles east of Silverton, Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  TAKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driscoll, as  agent for Frank Culver, free miner's certificate No. 83,014, intend, 60 days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvemants, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 6th day of August, 1897.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO..  LTD.  iti  to  On Kootenay Lake and R'ver.  Aurora Fractional Mineral Claim.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.   1st,   1897.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five Mile Point with all  Sassenget trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  orthport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:15 a.m  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.; Rossland 3:40 p  m.; Spokane, 6 p.m.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m.; Rossland. 10:20 a.m.;  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  The only all rail route without change  f cars between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily,  Leave.  9:10 a.m.  11:00 "  8:00 a.m.  Except Sunday.  Arrive.  5:45 p.m  3:40   "  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  6:40 p.m  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  From Montreal  Oct. 2  Oct 9  Several of Them,  "That girl is a peach."  "Yss, but   she  thinks she is a whole  arch aid.''���Twinkles.  (19.) To lend money to any person or company, and on such terms as may seem expedient, and in particular to any person or company having dealings with this company, and  to guarantee the performance of contracts by  any such person or company.  (20.) To remunerate any person or company  for services rendered in or about the promotion, formation, establishment, or registration of the company, or placing or assisting to  place any of the shares, capital, or any debentures or other securities of the company:  (21.) To draw, accept, make, indorse, execute, issue, discount, and negotiate lulls of exchange, promissory notes, cheques, and other  negotiable or transferable instruments:  (22.) To borrow or raise money in such  manner as the company shall think fit, and in  particular by the issue of debentures, debenture stock, mortgage bonds, perpetual or otherwise), preference, or other shares of stock,  charged upon tho whole or any part of the  pronerty. assets or revenue of the company  (both present nnd future) including its uncalled capital:  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: West  of the Ruth group,within one mile of the town  of Sandon.  fAKE NOTICE that I, H. B. Alexander, free  1 minor's certificate No 77002, intend, sixty-  days from the dates hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certiticate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown grant of above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  Section 37,  must be commenced   before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 21th day of July, 1807.  NEW SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo, etc. Tues.. Wed.. Thurs.;  Fri., Sat.; 8:30 a.m.   Ar. Kaslo, 12:30, p.m.  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc., Mon., Tues., Wed.,  Thurs., Fri.; ���! p.m.   Ar. Nelson, 8 p.m.  Cazabazua Fraction Mineral Claim.  Lot 1809.  Situate on north side of  Four Mile Creek about 4  miles east of Silverton, Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay District.  ���I'AKE NOTICE, That I, Alfred Driscoll, as  1 agent for Donald Bremner. free miner's certificate No, 84,999, intend, 60 (lavs from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining" Recorder, for a  certificate of improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crowrs grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must lie commenced before the issuance of  such certificate, of improvements.  Dated this 6th day of August, 1S07.  Yuma Fraction Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located:���  West of the Ruth group, within one mile of  the town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I. R. W. Gordon , free min  er's certificate No. 89539, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must lie commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 24th day of July, 1897.  BONNER'S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits tho arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, Sat.,4.00 p. m; Ar. Boundary. Sun.  midnight; Aj. Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun., 1 p.m.; Ar. Boundary, Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close connecton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.40 a.m.,  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C., Oct. 1,18!)7  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  JXTA-KUXSP, - - BO.  California, Allan Line....  Parisian, "  Carthaginian "  Labrador,Dominion Line..  Vancouver, "  ,    From New York  fimbria, Cunard Line    Etruria "    Campania.     "    Majestic, White Star Line    Teutonic "     St. Paul, American Line    St. Louis, "  ���:���  State of Nebraska, Allan State Line    Southwark, Red Star Line Sept 29  Noordland, "     Cabin $45, $50, $60, 70 $80 and upwards.  Intermediate $30 and upwards.  Steerage $25,50 and upwards.  Passengers Ticketed through to all points in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Continent.  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to H. DOUGLASS, agent, New Denver,  or to���  WILLIAM   STITT,  General Agent,  C. P. R. Offices, Winnipeg  THE   STEAMER  W.HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER,  afternoon upon arrival of  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  every  train  FEED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWuvs on hand.  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd.,  .Tune 1,1897.  G. L. EST A BROOK, Master.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C. 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., OCTOBER 7, 1897.  Fourth Yeap.  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  LOCATIONS OF  THE WEEK  Assessment Work Bone on Claims  and Transfers of Mining  Properties.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve- were  as follows :���  LOCATIONS.  Sept 28���Allie Mary, Carpenter, Geo Baker.  Sept 29���Silvertonian, Silverton, Phillip Rowe  and C A Gardner.  Sept -30���Leslam, Payne mountain, Jas D  Ryan; Lilly, Carpenter. L H Lautz; Major Fraction, adj. Charlotte and Great Western, Chas  Moore; Spot Fraction, Carpenter, W H Todd;  Savannah, same, Wm E Gorman.  Oct 2���Basin, Granite Mt, J A Anderson; Al-  liambra, (Payne Mt, C M Wilson; Little Eva,  Twelve Mile. Roy Vincent.  Oct 4���Ollie Martin, Fennell creek, L C Cook'  Appomattox, Four Mile, Jas Bowes; Lee FraC  tion, McGuigan Basin, Henry Dilley; Erie Frae*  tion. Payne Mt, Henry Dilley; Daylight, Sandon'  Gus Anderson; Owl Fraction, Houson creek>  Thos Finn and Nels Nelson; Wednesday Fraction, ;Great Western Basin, E H Thomlinsoni  Jubilee Jackson and Surprise Basin, A McCaskill;  Harry, Snow creek. C B Tipping.  ASSESSMENTS.'  Sei'T 29���Essex Fractional.  Sept 30���Maggie, Smithville, Sadie, Black Colt,  Laughing Waters.  Oct 2���Elkhorn, Stewart Fraction, Durvanisb.  Jewel, Irish Jew, Banshee, Conductor.  Oct 4���Iron Mountain, Auditorium, Summit,  Fanchon, Dora, Northern Bell, Ruby Trust,  Isabel Fractional, Blue Peter Fractional.  TRANSFERS.  Sept 28���Edinburgh 1/12, John Smith <to ,Robt  Wm Gordon, Sent 1.  Oakland 1/12, Jas A Anderson to same, same.  Sept 30���Irene i, lagreement to convey, H B  Alexander to A J Hayward; March 29.  Irene i, A J Hay ward to A F Eastman, Sept 20,  Sl.OOO.  Miner Boy 1/6, Edward Cummings to Theodore  Adams, Sept 18.  Victoria, Anthony Genu and Geo F Caldwell to  C K Milbourn, Aug 4, 62.  Fairhaven, Laurier, Klondike J, Wm R Smith  to R B Miller, Aug 13.  Richmond i, P A Pherson to Robert Miller,  Aug2G.  Oct l���Etna J, EH Hughes to John W Mc-  Rae, Sept 17.  Etna 5/16, same to Alex Ferguson, same.  Etna5/16. same to Wm A Allen, same.  Century j, HL Arnold to T B Godfrey, Sept  21  *250  Sligo'l/16, W Davies to M S McDowell, May 10.  Power of attorney, Samuel [McDonald to D C  McDonald, Sept li'.  Oct 4���American Girl i, Chas W Greenlee to  Wm Glynn and Jas H Moran, Oct 2,  Detroit, surface rights, The Slocan Milling Co.  to JDFarrell, Aug 21.  Hoodoo Fraction, E L Warner to E J Matthews, Aug 10.  Hoodoo Fraction, Edward J Matthews to IWm  Braden, Sept 23.  Victoria 1/12, A D Williams to Thos Milne and  Thos Irwin, March 20.  Christie Fraction J. MC Williams to J A Williams, June 16.  Keystone and Evening Star, all int, Daniel C  McDonald to Samuel McDonald.  the Union Jack, bearing the crosses of  St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick,  is in no sense the Hag of England more  than it is of Scotland or Ireland. Will  you permit me to point out that the  same blunder,andl think a serious one,  is constantly made in Australia by the  reference to" the English Government,  the English army, or English navy,  none of which exist. The present time,  when the Union of the Empire is a leading thought, not only in the minds of  British subjects, but has been so magnificently impressed upon other nations,  is surely one when this blunder should  be corrected, since it is dishonoring; to  our fellow-subjects of Scotland and Ireland, and is moreover unfair to ourselves as Australians. We are not  vassals under the flag of England, but  free citizens under one flag, that of the  British , Empire. It was but recently  Ave read of a new "American" ambassador to England, and here again an  error of the opposite kind is made,since  our Canadian friends are as truly  American as those of the Republic (as  indeed are Mexicans and Patagonians.)  Presumably it meant a United States  Ambassador to Great Britain. We  have shown our loyalty to the Queen;  let ns be also loyal to the Queen's English, and use words in a determinate  sense.   I am, etc.,  Edward S. Smithurtt.  turn for a substantial value in the form  sf a well-established ore treating works.  The people, do not like to see British  Columbia ores pass through their city  freely and abundantly en route for treatment at Tacoma or San Francisco.  HO   FOR   THE   KLONDIKE.  Mr. Crowley has just received from  New York 60 magic lantern slides of the  Klondike and will give an illustrated  lecture in about two weeks at Clever'?  Hall.   Look out for it.  Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor  sets in rugs and plush. New designs in  fancy ^chairs, couches, etc. At lowest  prices at Crowley's New Denver. Endless variety of Pillows, Beds and Mattresses.  If Alvin  BIMETAT.JLISM.  England his view's  esting.  Vancouver.���James Roche, M.P., for  East Eerry,is now in the Slocan district  of Kootenay. Mr. Roche is deeply interested in the silver question, and as  he was a member of the conference that  recently dealt with that question in  should prove inter-  In an interview Mr. Roche  says:  r'We have the strongest assurances  from Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Balfour  that an international conference will be  called at Brussels in May. I think the  business transacted at Brussels will result in the re-opening of the India mints  at least. Senator Wolcott, of whom so  much has been heard on the bimetallic  question, is an exceedingly clever man,  and a powerful champion "of the cause.  Though considered a free lance by the  INFORMATION    WANTED.  Charles Fleck, who was  last heard from in Nelson two years  ago, will write to the Ledge be will  hear something to his advantage.  Any information regarding his whereabouts, addressed to the Ledge or  Kobt. Fleck, Logierait P. O., Ont.,  will be very acceptable.  Carpets, floor cloth, rugs, mats, curtains. Bedroom sets in ash and oak.  Largest stock in Slocan-Kootenay.  CROWLEY, above Ledge Office, New  Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points  and Sandon.  An immense assortment of furniture  lower than Coast prices, at Crowley's  New Denver. Freight paid on order|  to Sandon and all Slocan points.  Hats and iNeckties  Mrs. Merkley's.  for gentlemen at  public generally in the  voicing of  SI-OCAN   CITY   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Sept 25���Hattie Herbert, Fred G Carlisle: Lexington Fraction, same; Lady of the Lake, Joseph  O'Connor; Last Hope, Geo Vardiner..  Sept 28���Gold Dollar, O R Anderson; Jessie,  David Sloan.  Sept 29���Smuggler No 1, Mrs M Funk; Smuggler No 2, C R Darlington.  his  views while in England, 1 have the  strongest reasons for believing that he  was an accredited representative of the  United States government on that occasion. Next to the United States,  the strongest supporters of bimetalism  are the French, and I think the recent  action of the Bank of England, which  has given rise to much discussion, was  the outcome of diplomatic representations made bv the French. I believe  we have not clone as much for the cause  in two or three years as the Bank of  England has done"at one stroke."  Parson's  Produce  Company  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods in Western Canada. All  warehouses under perfect system  , of cold storage. Full stock carried  at Nelson, 13. C. For prices write  or wire  V. J. HUSSEIN:  Manager of Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company.  |/&/Q/tt/e/&/tt/Q/��/Q'Q/Q/&/& /��/&/��/��/8/Q'��/S4  WM. BENNISON,  ��� Branches-  Everett. Wash.  31) Upper Brook St.; London,  Members of the Rossland Stock Exchange  and Board of Trade. '��������  JNO. COVER. H. E. COVER.  Cable Address���"Bexxison."  Moreing and Nc.il,  Clough's (new and old),  Bedford McNeill,  and ABC Codes  WM. BENNISON  & CO., ROSSLAND, BOY  D"LERSIN MINES  MINING SECURITIES  .AND  STRUCK   OIL.  ASSESSMENTS.  , Van-  Sept 24���Blue Rock, Blue Jay, Aberdeen,  leek Hill.  Sept 27���Scotchman, Gold Bug Satinita, Zulu.  TRANSFERS.  Sept 27���Lexington No y,  Polly,  Sunnyside  Fraction 1/10. E J McCune to Tnos Montgomery.  ���r'SEPT 29���White |Swan and  Sunshine 1/18, D  6 McCuaig to Agnes Trumbull.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Sept 27���Desmer, A K Lillie; Monte Carlo, W  M Wright; Lost Nation, same; Apache, James  Shiel; Warspite, Geo Shiel; Wedge, W A Ross;  Lucky Jim, E J Mathews.  Sept 28���Muriel, E Andrews; Napoleon, D Mc-  Lellan; Suuday Sun, Q McDonald; Florence, RS  Gallop; Blue Star. S Demoine; West Calumet, S  Demoine; Little Billie, J B McArthur; Trilby, S  Anderson; Svengali, J B McArthur; Merry England; E Andrew; Trilby, G B Corbould.  Sept 29���Halifax, J H Jackson; New York, L  R Blewett; Keno, A Short; Surprise, Star Pointer,  W R Ramsdell; Wostmoreland, RIEwin; Paymaster, W J McMahon; Mary Ann, Martin Clair;  Panther; Klondyke, A T Garland; Eclipse Fraction, Chipmunk Fraction, J HHolmes.  Sept 30���Violet, M McGuire; Nil Sesperandum,  S Benzin.  Oct 1���Derby, A G Lambert; Margaret, A R  Scott; El Captain, \V R Ramsdell, V Stein and  Henry Rose; Triple Alliance, same.  assessments.  Sept 25��� Consolation.  Sept 27���Champaign, Whitaker, Lad^y of the  Lake, Hamburg, Bismarck, Mountain Goat,  Hamme Bird.  Sbpt 28���Looby, Snow Shoe.  Sept 2s>���Coin, Seattle, Snow Flake, Ontario.  Sept 30���Commodore, Giant. Nellie,  Oct l���Evening Star, Glory, Kaslo, Anticline,  Globe.  TRANSFERS.  Sept 27���Mathelen and Salovan i, Fritz Paulson  and S John Swanson to Otto "Wester.  Lewiston, John Bebb to James Nicholson.  Mt View. Piloe Cay i, Peter Linquist to D A  Kendall and Charles Gray.  Power of Attorney recorded |from D W Harris  to Jame E Harris re Gold Bank.  Notice from W J White that he has commenced  action in the Supreme Court lo recover i interest  against James A Otto in Lavina, Ruthie Bell and  Iron Cap.  Sept 'J'.(��� Ainsworth, Hot Springs, A A McKinnon to F L Fitch.  Lake View, Hot Springs,;Mrs McKinnon to F L  Fitch.  No 5. Jennie. Ainsworth. Lake View, option for  thirty-two days, F L Fitch to Chas S Allman.  Sept 31���Laura and Geneva {, A R McLennan  to J A McLean.  May and Rivcrview i, D J McDougal to J A  McLean.  Laura Geneva. May and Rivcrview J, J A  McLean to W J White.  White Bear J, Jos Otto, Frank Ross, John Dunn  to same.  Lost Mountain, No Water i, S P Jobe and J H  Jackson to same.  Wedge, W A Boss to Robt Brown.  Park Legion *,E J Mathews toE H Tomlinson.  Hope and Alleys J, J L Pierce to E Tomlinson,  JENG*,ISH    OR    BRITISH?  The following letter appears in the  Sydney Morning herald addressed to  the editor:  Sir���In vour splendid report of the  London Record Reign celebrations,  vour representative refers to the change  made iii the line uf the Thanksgiving  Hvrnn sung at St. George's Chapel.  "When Britain's flag flies wide unfurled." '-Britain's" being .submitted for  "England's.*'and very justly  so, since  News comes from the north that oil  has been struck by the Government  drill at Pellican rapids at a depth of  800 feet. On account of the great flow  of gas it was necessary to shut down  till next i spring. It is expected that  by that time the gas will have blown  off to such an extent that boring can  be resumed. Up to the present time  the extent of the flow of oil has not been  ascertained.  The work at Victoria is progressing  favorably, the drill being now 700 feet  down. Tliere are as yet no indications  of oil, but they are not expected for  several hundred feet yet. Mr. Mulhol-  land doubts that they will reach it next  summer. At 450 feet they struck a  strong flow of salt water which continues to flow.���Calgary Herald.  The Best Uecord.  The customs report for last month  show that the value of the mineral exports from Kootenay for September is  greater than that of any previous  month. The aggregate tonnage for the  month was 4,604 tons, $714,225. It is  worthy of note that of this tonnage 897  tons represented matte and copper bullion from the Hall mines and Trail creek  smelters, the value of which was $433,-  792, an amount considerably in excess  of the value of crude ore shipped during  the month. It is only fair to assume  that the proportion of the matte and  bullion exported as compared with crude  ore, will be even greater next month, as  by that time the Pilot Bay smelter will  doubtless be operating. The mineral  exports for the month show a wonderful  gain over those of September, 1896, the  total value of whicli were $264,315, or  about one-third of the value of the exports for the past month. Of the mineral exports for September, 1896, the  matte exports were valued at $133,751  as against $423,792 for September, 1897.  After B. C. Gold Mines.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  mariner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the ��� home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON "i BARRETT  r /E solicit correspondence with parties having1  meritorious mining properties for sale, and  beg to say that we have connections in the  principal cities of Canada, England and the United  States, and are in daily receipt of inquiries tor  developed mines and promising prospects.  18 YEARS  EXPERIENCE  In active mining operations and reduction of ores,  and a knowledge of the different mining districts of  B.C. enables us to furnish reliable and competent  information pertaining to mines and mining matters.  References given.  I have received  my stock of.  New York, Sept. 25.���A. G. Blair, M.  P., minister of railways of Canada, and  Lieutenant Colonel Domville, ;M.P., iof  the Eighth Hussars, St. John, N.B., two  of the Dominion's.representatives at the  Queen's jubilee, were passengers on the  American liner Paris, which arrived  from Southampton today. With them  were two London financiers who are  directors in a big London company with  $5,000,000 capital to acquire goldmines  in British Columbia. They are A. T.  Salisbnry-Jones, of the London firm of  Jones, Bildwell & Co., and Robert  Smith. The entire part}' will leave today for Canada.  OFFKBKD    A   SMJELTER.  The offer of Mr. W. H. Remington, of  Salt Lake City, to put up a 500-ton,  double-stack ore smelter near Vancouver,  in consideration of a inunicix>al bonus of  $100,000,payable by the city at $1 a ton  on the output, has induced the Rothschild-Evans syndicate, of London, Eng.,  to "go one better" and offer to pnt a  350-ton smelter near Vancouver, on the  harbor front,if the city will grant a bonus  of $65,000, payable at $1 a ton.  The council will, if the British offer be  sufficiently guaranteed as to the promoter's financial soundness, recommend it  to the taxpayers for ratification. The  Rothschild interested is not, it may be  remarked, one of the great millionaire  family, but it is believed he can secure  backing enough for his scheme.  Vancouver people are most, anxious to  have a;local smelter to treat coast and  island ores and they will, it is believed,  readily pass a good bonus  by law, in re-  Fall  and  Winter  Goods  Carry only  the best  lines of  Watches,  Clocks,  and  Cutlery  in the  Market.  PURNITU  IT  HBH  I carry the stock���the largest in the Slocan-  Kootenay, in show r Joins covering  3,000 feet of floor space.  Furniture for a Mansion or Cottage at  ofli  and invite  the people  of the Slocan to  call in and inspect them.  MA. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor,  Williamson Block, New Denver, B.C  Brandon, B. O,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  S1.50  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  - 3 00  Gold and Silver ;  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Copper (by Electrolysis).  2 00  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 .50  Gold, Silver and Copier  3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage  of  Coke, if Coking  Coal)  4 0  Terms: 'Cash "With .Sample.  June 20th. 1895.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  . ���TRAT HERN.  KASLO CITY,       -       -       - B.C  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orders by mail -eeeive promp  attention.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  T^CRNISHED ROOMS  By Day or Week.  Mrs. A. J. Murphy. SIXTH STREET  BOURNE  BROS,  D��./ LERS IN  GENERAL  MERCHANDISE,  MINERS' '{  SUPPLIES,       aj  DOORS, SASH,   J  OATS,   BRAN,    LTC. ?  I    NEW DENVER,    j}  J B.C. I  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low.as the  lowest. D. M. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Undertaking a Specialty.  Note the address: Above the Ledge office,  Sixth Street. New Denver.  Freight paid on goods to Sandon, Slocan City and all Lake points.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  The  Britishs,^NI)0N:ENG  Columbia  Review  Subscription, $2.50 per annum  To   Brokers,   Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining claims, Mining  Engineers, Assayers,  Journalists and others:���  Advertise in the B.  C. Review,    The  only   representative   B.    C.   Journal   in  Europe.     A Q00d investment  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do you want' Anything in the way  of Printing" Material.  Corwftph ^Toronto Type  foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.C.CROME, Agent,  520  Cordova Street,  VANCOUVER, B.C.  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishings,  Special lines in balbreggan, Carpets, Mats.  Floor and Table Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also the latest styles in Dress Goods and  Trimmings: in silks and velvets and  buttons: Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too: numerous to mention.  "Millinery the latest style always on hand.  MRS. W   W   MERKLY.  E.Parris& CoM  SLOCAN   CITY  and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at TenMile Store.  Hotel, in New Denver, has been enlarged  and all the rooms plastered. New carpets  and new furniture throughout make the house  a marvel of comfort and elegance. With  28 rooms, and its beautiful situation amidst the  finest scenery in America, this hotel is unsurpassed in all Kootenay.  H. STEG-E, Prop.  C. S. RASHDALL,  Notary Publics.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  axd BONDED.      CORRESPONDENCE   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  Milling Co.  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.

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