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The Ledge Nov 18, 1897

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Array ' Volume "V.   No. 7  NEW DENVER, B. C, NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  Price, $2 00 Year  Ceni^ Star Wins.  Following- is the decision in full of the  famous case of the Center Star vs. the  Iron Mask, which was handed down by  Mr. Justice Walkem, at Nelson, on  Wednesday last:  The solution of the issue between the  parties to. this action depends upon the  construction to be placed upon Sections  31 and 32 of our mineral act of 1881.  The latter part of Section 31 provides  that where the center line of a mineral  claim crosses a vein, or as the legislature expresses it, "is laid crosswise of a  vein," the owner shall only be entitled  to so much of the vein as tlie line crosses  at tlie surface, and that, in. such an  event, the side lines of the claim shall  become its end lines���a radical change,  inasmuch as it deprives the owner of  extra- lateral right which lie would  otherwise have been entitled to. The  section then proceeds in effect to define  a "cross-wise location" as one whose  smallest angle made by the intersection  of the center location line with the  trend or "strike" of a vein is greater  than 45 degrees. This "smallest angle"  of intersection, for there is such an intersection in the plaintiff's vein, which  is the one in dispute, and which dips  into the Iron Mask, is shown "on two of  the plans that are sworn to as being  accurate, as being 80  degrees 27 min  utes. For instance, the bearing of the  Center Star company's location line is  north 5.1 deg. 39 min.'east, and tlie strike  of their vein is north 82 degrees OS minutes east. Tbe difference between the  two is, obviously, 30 degrees 27 minutes  which is, of course, less than the statutory angle of 45 degrees. The contention, 'therefore, of the defendant's counsel, that the plaintiff's location line is  "with respect to the vein in dispute a  "crosswise location," falls to the  ground.  " As 1 construe section 31, the apex of  a mineral claim is a statutory anel not  a. mathematical pinnacle, but is the top  of a vein.at any place along its profile,  however'high or low that profile may  be, for the words used in. that section  are "top of apex." The act gives no  definition of an apex line, that is to say,  as to whether it may run skyward or  otherwise: but it lias always been  understood here, as well as in the mining communities to the south of ns,  that such a line is a horizontal one.  These observations clear the way to  a consideration of the question in dispute.  His lienor Judge  Form,   at   the instance; of   the Centre   Star company,  granted an injunction on the 9th clay of  this month restraining the Iron   Mask  company    from    trespassing    in    the  plaintiffs tunnel, which runs horizontally through the dip of the northerly vein,  which   vein  is   described   in   tlie affidavits as vein No. 2, whose apex is in  the ground.   In the order made by the  learned judge it is stateel that the plaintiffs undertook to elo no further work in  any  of   their  "tunnels   or   workings"  within the boundries of the Iron -Mask  location until that order should be dissolved or otherwise  disposed of.     On  tlie motion before me I lu'lel that order  it   stood,  stopped    the  plaintiffs  from  further sinking a shaft, -which is designated on the plans as shaft  No. 3. as'it  was included in the  word  "workings."  This shaft, according  to  Mr. Durrani's  affidavit, has been   sunk  to a  depth of  194 feet, in ore all that distance, the ore  being the elip of the  plaintiff's vein Xo.  2, which, as I have  said,   runs into the  Iron Mask.    Both   he   and   Mr.  Joyce  state that the shaft is not intemled to he  used for hoisting   purposes, hut the ele-  fendents   have;   no   rigid   whatever lo  object to it   on   that    ae-couut,   as  the  shaft is in ore which   by law belongs to  the1, plaintiffs.  Mr. Daly, counsel for the plaintiffs,  states on affidavit that he drew up the  order' in question hurriedly; and he;  disavows ever having' undertaken to  stop work in the shaft, as such stoppage  would virtually mean the stoppage of  further development in the plaintiff's  vein No. 2. lie therefor desires to he  understood as not now consenting to  any such undertaking, and I certainly,  under the circumstances, have no right  to reepiire it. lie made this statement  as, his notice of motion is, in terms, to  to merely vary the injunction g ran tee 1  by .bulge Forin, by extending its time  limit until the hearing of this action.  Counsel for the Iron .Mask company  has strenuously eipposed a continuation  of the injunction, as well as Mr. Daly's  applicatHHi that the plaintiffs should he  allenved tei continue t.he^ sinking ol shaft.  Xo. :-". Affidavits on hot.li sides were had  with respect to an alleged infraction by  the plaintiff's order, inasmuch as they  had continueel to sink the shaft, but I  am satisficel that there was no intention  on their part tei disobey the order, and  that   the   work   thev elid arose from the  mistake in its terms, which was explained in Mr. Daly's affidavit.  With respect to the main question, the  evidence" is wholly one-sided, for the  only affidavits before me are those put  in on behalf of the plaintiffs by Mr. Dur-  ant, their superintendant, and Mr.  Joyce, the foreman. Mr. Durant testifies  to the accuracy of several plans, showing  as they do, the relative positions of the  Centre Star, Iron Mask, War Eagle and  Idaho locations, and also the positions  of the plaintiff's shaft No. 3 and their  vein No. 2, the vein in dispute, and its  dip in a northerly direction at an angle  of about 35 degrees into tlie Iron Mask  ground. He also states that he has  traced the vein from the easterly line of  the Centre Star claim along its" surface  until it enters the War Eagle location,  and that no part of its apex lies within  the boundries of the Iron Mask.  Moreover, in paragraph 9 of his affidavit, he states that the mouth of the tunnel above referred to is in the plaintiff's  ground, and that its course for a considerable distance is within the surface  boundaries of the Iron Mask location,  but through a body of ore that forms  part of the dip of the plaintiff's vein No.  2. Mr. Bodwell has referred me to an  American decision, to the effect that the  plaintiffs, for instance, have been, in  view of common law doctrines, trespassers from the moment they encroached  upon the Iron Mask ground. I fully assent to this; but all' that the decision  virtually means is that a court should  not overlook the rule that statutory provisions, such, for instance, as sections 31  and 32, which are in derogation of tbe  common law, should be construed strictly. But the legislature has settled this  point, unequivocally, by giving, in effect,  the ore of vein No. 2, as dips into the  Iron .Mask to the plaintiffs as their property. There is, therefore, no room for  contention about it, thai is to say, on  the evidence before me.  My attention was called hy Mr. Bodwell to paragraph 14 of Mr. Durant's  affidavit, which is as follows: "I verily  believe that three months from date  plaintiffs will have been able to continue  the sinking of their shaft to a sufficient  depth to demonstrate that the vein containing the ore bodies in question has its  apex within the boundries of the Centre  Star mineral claim, and is, in fact, the  said vein No. 2." This paragraph is  wholly consistent of Mr. Durant's previous statement, and is his opinion from  27 years of mining experience, which, on  that account, is entitled to consideration,  that the further sinking of the shaft will  demonstrate the'continuity of vein No.2.  The shaft is in the ore vein, and it seems  to nie that I would be improperly interfering with the plaintiff's legal rights if  I stopped work in it. If the shaft in its  downward course should digress in any  way from the dip of the ledge in the Iron  Mask ground, the digression, of course,  would be trespass. The defendant company's remedy, if they ever suspect, such  a trespass, is an application to the court  for an order of inspection.  With respect to one of the paragraphs  in Mr. Durant's affidavit, where he says  the shaft in time will probably reach a  point 39 feet from the present face of the  tunnel, I understand him to mean that  when the tunnel has been projected 39  feet farther the shaft and tunnel will  meet and the ore of vein No. 2 he eventu- j  ally lowered insteael of being hoisted.  But this is neither here nor there. The  e'omplaint of the plaintiffs is that the  Iron Mask commenced a shaft on their  own ground anel continued it downward  until it struck into the workings of the  Centre'Star tunnel.    Tlie  injunction   in  of ash in it being but 3, and in coke  made from it but 5, compared with 8 per  cent, in Montana coal and 15 per cent in  Montana coke. The percentage of sulphur, which it is well known is one of  the most deleterious substances when  found in coal seams, is extremely low,  averaging only about one-half of one jier  cent. This places Crow's Nest Pass  coke on a line with the best Welsh.  That the coal is so superior a quality and  is in such abundant quantity, is a fact of  prime importance to the residents of the  country where the winters are so long  and severe as they are in the Canadian  North-West, and to the gold and silver  mining interests, to which cheap coke is  of so great importance. It is too early to  speak with assurance on the matter, but  the probability is that the Crow's Ne^st  Pass coal can be shipped as far east as  Winnipeg and that a valuable market for  it will be found in Montana. The coal  out-crops,some of the Beams being 30 feet  wide. The seams are broken by the  beds of creeks, and rise on each side of  the creeks, so that the workings will be  upward. It is a strange fact that the  miners prefer the smaller to the larger  seams, the former being more cheaply  worked.  HOT    ���TOIli     IN.   THK    OLl>     TOWN.  Ill  j^. Logue does not think anyone will  suffer actual starvation this winter. He  further says, that there is no truth in  the stories' of anything like paying finds  800 miles from St. Michaels,' or anywhere else below Dawson on the river.  He says that in the Circle City district  the good claims number about five, and  that tenderfeet going in there are going  to be badly disappointed.  THK   DEADLY    SLIDE.  J<���� McG-ibhon  Buried Under  of Snow.  Fifty I.*��:iU  ��ast Canaan rNgWs  "���**"*��*  *3**"SHS>  iS*S>"S**  That which' was Advetised was in Stock  and Kvevybody Had Some.   ,  Last week a circular was handed  about town advertising' the ancient  querry that used to stare our grand-  mamas in the face and made some allusion about the morning and Pears  soap. Following this was, the announcement of the school concert with  program appended, and the statement  that is suggestive of so much, about "a  hot time in the old town tonight." The  postponement of the affair from Tuesday night to Thursday had no more  effect on the weather "than ice-cream  pants on a thunder shower; but the  attendance was smaller on account  thereof. However the concert was all  that was advertised for it. Indeed, it  was more. To say it was a success anel  stop at that would not be doing it jus-  tie:e. It was more than a success. It  was the occasion of twe> events that  will live long in the memories of those  present anef will play an important part  in the history-making of   the Slocan.  Those who were fortunate enough to  be present can congratulate themselves  on having witnessed something that  has never occurred before in the Slocan  and, like the phenomena seen in the  heavenly bodies, may not be witnessed  again iii a life-time. And those who  were too faint-hearted to weather the  storm and stayed at home have richly  earned the . disappointment, that will  follow them to the grave.  Owing to the absence of some of the  familiar local entertainers, Mr. Thoni-  linson, who so well occupied the position of Chairman, after great, persuasion, favored the audience with that  grand, old English song' " John Peel."  By way of excuse for it Mr. Thomlin-  son acknowledged that this was the  first time he had ever attempted the  difficult piece "on water," but the ease  with which he handled his magnificent  voice was ample proof that'nothing  stronger was needed. Indeed, so  Avell was it received that each verse was  punctuated, and sometimes literally  perforated, with applause.  As successful as was Mr. Thoinlinson's  vocal selection, yet it did not captivate  and convulse the audience like Mr.  Kerr's rendition of that picturesque  ballad " The Belle of the Ball." When  Mr. Kerr sings he has the; happy faculty of "sending home'" the1, pathos of his  lines by facial expression. In very  eleed, there is music in ��� Mr. Kerr's expression alone, and when this is found  with a deep melodious voice the effect  is most striking���hitting would probably  be; a better word.  The selections by  others  on the pro-  "Tinn were heartilv received.    Mr. Me'  Saturday morning as Joe McGibbon  Avas returning to the bunk house from  his shift at the Red  Fox mine, above  the Rambler, a slide came down and  caught him carrying him down the  mountain half a mile, burying his body  in 50 feet of snow. A companion who  was returning at the same time escaped  and ran hack to the tunnel, where he  remained till found by the other workmen, being too stunned to do anything.  McGibbon was about 21 years old, a  native of California. His parents live  in Oakland. He worked last winter at  the Rambler. He has ��� a brother at  Three Forks and one at Slocan City.  The mountain where the slide occurred  is almost perpendicular, and only the  most daring miners will work at the  mine. The slide stopped at the Silver  Bell mine, on the opposite side of the  gulch, destroying the blacksmith shop.  Efforts have been made to recover the  body, but without success so far. The  slide is packed like ice, and the probabilities are that the body will remain  undiscovered until the snow melts next  summer.  NAKUSP.  The house of John Genelle was burned  to the! ground on Monday noon. The  (ire originated from the chimney. Very  little of the furniture was saved.  Thos. Abriel started on a trip to the  east on Tuesday. Mr. Abriel is an old-  time and honored resident of the town,  and all wish him a safe journey and a  hearty good time. It is reported that he  is to be away several months.  A movement is on foot to get an organ  for the church services in,Nakusp. This  is greatly needed, and it is hoped the  move in this :direction will receive the  support of all interested in church work.  A concert will likely be given on the t'th  of Dec. to help pay for the organ'.  Divine service in the school house  next Sunday at 7.30 p.m., to which all  are cordially invited. Service conducted by W. J. Booth.  Kootenay   Will     Uooiii.  T. D. Petty,  an  English   mining ex-  persat, ys British Columbia will be the  future copper-producing country in the  world. Countries like Spain and Portugal have passed the zenith and are now  on the decline, while there is only one  out of the four copper mines in Arizona ;  that promises to hold out, so the road  seems to be perfectly clear for the Pacific  provinces. Mr. Petty says the copper  ores ofthe Boundry country are of a low-  grade, but those of the East Kootenay  are full of promise. He also believes tbe  Ashcroft system for reducing low-grade  ores has been a success, and consequently means hundreds of millions to the  Rossiand camp.  The Hammond Reef Mine, near Fort  William, sent its first gold brick east a  few days ago. It weighs about five  pounds^ andVas taken from 259 tons of  ore in a run of 304 hours. ��  The friends of Messrs. McFarlane,  Harris and Scott' who left Kingston  some time ago'to travel to the Klondike, are. very anxious about them, as  they have received no word from them  lately. .  Miss Lizzie McCracken, of Cornwall,  Ont., a very popular young lady of  about twenty years of age, died suddenly of heart disease, while preparing  to go to church on Sundav morning,  Oct. 31st.  The forest fires are causing the bears  to come out of their haunts intothe open  country. One bear weighing five hundred pounds was shot by a man named  McDonald, not very many miles from  Kingston.  The latest gold find is in the township of Raleigh, near the lake shore. It  is reported that specimen nuggets have  been exhibited. The find will be investigated by reliable pro spectors from  Chatham..  Canada's great oil town, Petrolia, has  a Rugby club, whose rallying "yell"  beats all newspaper advertising, ft  runs thus:  "Benzine, gasoline, siss, boom, ah !  Coal oil and candles, Rah ! Rah! Rah !"  The Court at Government House,  Ottawa, in accordance with the regulations issued from Windsor Castle', will  observe court mourning' for two weeks,  for the Duchess of Teck, a cousin of the  Queen, who died recently.  A private bank at Teoswater, Ont.,  belonging to Messrs. Gillies & Co.. was  entered by burglars a few nights ago,  who blowup the safe door with nitroglycerine and carried off about S2.000  fn'bank bills. No clue to the robbers  has been found.  The deer hunting season opened on  Nov. 1st anel will last until Nov. 15th.  Many parties of hunters have gone to  Muskoka and other northern regions,  where the deer are to be found. Venison and tall yarns will be the principal  dishes on many biils-nf-fare where the  hunters return.  Several parties, who have-, claims in  the Michipicoten gold fields, intend to  commence work on their properties and  carry it on during the winter months.  The Dominion Government has been  asked to provielea postal service for this  region, as the lack of it is a groat drawback to the country.  The C. P. R. Co. is going to erect a  fine new railway station at Ottawa,  which, with the site and new tracks,  will cost not less than 81,000,000. The  expenditure of so much money in  Ottawa will help to bring about Sir  Wilfrid Laurier's desire to make the  Capital the ''Washington of the North."  181S, which sets a limit to the maintenance of warships on these lakes. The  home government should look into this  treaty in order to ascertain tbe exact  meaning of its terms, which should then""  be enforced or done away��Wi'th'entirely.  The Ontario.Government received a  deputation of pronlhitionists one Iday  this week, who are seeking further  amendments to the license law. Briefly  stated the objects sought are: "Such,  legislation as will g'ive power to a majority of|the electors in a locality to  prevent the renewal of an existing*  license in any year. That the electors  of any municipality shall have power to  still further limit tWhours of sale."  On Monday, Nov. 1st, an old man of  80 years, nained Wm. J. Dugdale, was  found dead in his room in a house on  King street, Toronto, where he had  lived a hermits life. An examination  by Coroner Greigh revealed the fact  that the unfortunate man had died of  want and old ag*e. Avhile in the same  room hidden amongst filthy clothing  and sewed into'.the ticking of the bed,  the Coroner found rolls upon rolls of  bills, amounting in all to $1,310.  Mrs. F. Irwin, an elderly lady living*  in Newmarket, Out., anel her hired girl  narrowly escaped death by asphyxiation tins '.week. It appears that on  Saturday night they both retired to  their respective apartments after filling*  up the stove with coal. On Tuesday ,.  some friends becoming alarmed broke  open the door and found Mrs. Irwin and  the girl both in an unconscious condition. Medical help was summoned and  after a long time they were revived  and are nowr doing well. The gas  escaped through a crack in the stove,  James Hutton and his son John Hut-  ton were working at their business of  tailoring at their home in Toronto on  Saturday afternoon, Oct. 30th, when a  quarrel arose between them, and in his  anger the father stabbed the son with  the tailors shears he hael in his hand.  The wife of the injured man called for  help, but nothing could be done to save  his life and he died in a short time. At  the trial of the old man it [transpired  that the son hael repeatedly assaulted  his father aid it was in sell-defence he  had used the scissors,  to kill him.  never intending  K. OF V.    AND    BAND   CONCKHT  e-uestion was to restrain  the defendants i drum's singing- took especially " well, as  temporily trom further   proceeding with i it, al ways (foes', and Mr. M iii ward's seler-  On the:evening of Thursday. Nov.  25th (Thankiving Day), the K. of P.  Lodge and the New Denver Brass Band  intend giving a musical entertainment at which will be produced the:  best vocal anel instrumental program  that has ever been presented in\\'ew  Denver. No erne shoulel miss it as something of real me.'.rit  is promised for the  occasion,  cumme.nco:  Doors   open  at S o'clock.  7:30:   concert  Tin  this shalt or lnterlenng with the plain-, turn ,,��� r|u, v-0iin ���-.,s heart.ilv a,,-|  tilt s works m their tunnel. A cunUiiu-; ,,���.���������<������. The Orphan's (-'flee Club and!  ance ol the injunction until the bearing; Mill ward's orchestra furnished the rest i  is now moved, for if appears to me from ; ,,f t|10 ulllsj(. r���r tI���. evening. .Mr Mo- i  .the evidence that the phuntitts are en-j lander anel Mr. West entertained the!  titled to it without giving more than the j audience in their usual happv wa v. and |  undertaking as to damages. | M,-. Harris gave a se>ng\ aml'Mr. Strick-'  motion will abide the j |;U1<1 a toucl'iing recitation.   The-, concert  was better enjoyed than   many a seh'.ct.  is   in  Sil ver   "^"llg'K,'  has  the  taken  Silver  up the  ordinary  The costs  event.  of this  I  Crow's N<;st   Coal,  The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., which  controls a wide area of coal lands in the  neighborhood of the Pass is making the  necessary preparations for beginning  mining oporetions as soon as the railway  reaches their property. Wm. I'lakemore,  the general manager of the company, is  at present in Montreal on bis way tei  Kngiand lo purchase such machinery  and niatiu-ials as cannot, lie.1 procured in  Canada.. He has lately returned from  making an inspection of the eampany's  properties and expresses the opinion  that the deposit is probably the largest  unbroken basin of bituminous coal on  the i-.c-ntinent, being far larger than the  (Jape Breton areas. In quality, the ami  is of the   highest   class,   the   percentage  j affair has  neen.  anel a  demand  < order for its repetition in tutu.  Klondike    Not   So   Mini v.  We>st Superior.   Wis.-  of this city, a   returned  just reache-d home'.    Me  -I. II.  Klondi  savs  t-  Logue.  ce.r. has  hat   the  Hugh Sutherland  bond of ���j'30,000   on  group, on Fight IMile, and turned it into |  a joint stock   company calleel the Sleican i  City Mining Ce).    The principal directors j  are Hugh Sutherland, William Mat-ken- ���  zie of Toronto, anel D. I). Maun of .Mont- j a short time  real. The company is a close corporation, j their ehsire  No stock will be placed  on   the   market  at present.    It is  the company's intention to prosecute elevelopmeut work this  winter   and   liy  spring eletcrmine   the  plant nece-.ssary for working the property  to its fullest capacity.  While   (iroust:    Mountain.  big rush there is only   going  to lvduce  wages, while-   the',  newcomers   will  get  ! claims that are not-  worth   the   expense  I of working.    He. says that in the- Kioii-  ��� dike district proper there are.-,   probably  ��� not iin'irc than forty-live or lifry good  ipaying properties, worth from 'spi.onu  ! to .<V.).(i'.M. | wo being- held   ai   the- hit fer  ligure.   lie fun her savs ilia! <o far only  :\ eoiiple ol' men   have .taken   out   ;niv-  , tiling of a fori line,   (hey   gelling   away  ; with half a million   apiece,   hid   par! of  , il was secured l>v  specula:ion. :iol uiin-  aj-  Tbe approach of the (.'row's Nos  railway will cause considerable stir in  the White (irouse country next year.  The e-on-pany'of which Hugh Sutherland  is representative has bought an interest  in the Storm King anel Copper King  groups anel tlu-se properties, comprising  14 claims will be worked extensively  next summer. Copper is abundant in  this section, and if that me'tal teiuches  17 eenIs, as is predicted by many, within  the next year, all properties will advance  in value.  The Central Council of the Order of  Railroad' Telegraphers of Canada is  uow holding a session at Montreal.  The principal business lo be considered  is a renewal of agreement made last  year with the Canadian Pacific! Railway Co. The officials of the Grand  Trunk Railway Co. will also be' interviewed as to the relation of the telegraphers to that Ceimpany.  TV M. Gibson, the .secretary of the  Bureau of Mine's, has returned from a  trip to the. Sudbury District, anel says  that a report is in circulation there that  a syndicate cemiposed of two Chicago  men and Mr. F. Clergue. of the Canadian "Soo." a paper aud pulpuianu-  fae'tiirer. has purchase-el a nickel  property belonging to Messrs. Mennie. \  Nugiret j Me-Vittie and Jackson,   of Sudbury, for  ' !fi)l),UII().  A number of prominent Liberals and  military men calh-el upon Sir Wilfrid  Laurier, when he was in <Quebec city,  ago. anel urged upon him  tei have Major Pinault appointed to the ollice e��f Deputy Minister  of Militia in the-, event ofthe; present  De.puty Minister. Col. Panet, retirinsi'.  The' Majeir's frieuuls are; now anxiously  awaiting the. decision of the Government in the matter.  Hallowe'en was e-t  crowd of students at  the   Toronto Grand  Saturday night. < 'ct.  day uig'iit.   ! he   Teinmto ('a  ciety   gave'   their   annual  Supper   al    the    Walker   I  absent member. Mr. 'A'   Pai  "box   of   bloomin'   heather"   from    he  estate   in   Rowland.  Scotland,   for  tin  One of the late Fred. Cope's travelling-  companions in a letter written at Foot  Shallow Lake to his friends in Petrolia,  gives an account of Cope's drowning'  and of their unsuccessful attempts to  find his body- He also vividly describes some of the trials and dangers  of the journey and says :"'��� "I would not  put in another such a time for 81,000 a .  month. Many have turned back and  have had to almost abandon their stuff,  as they coulel sell it for very little. . .  . . ." Provisions are very high here,  sugar, bacon,   lard   and   flour $1 per  pound There will be 12,000  to 15,000 dead horses along the ti- ail by  the time it freezes up."  The President of the Diamond Jubilee  Mineral Development Co., Lt.-Col. Tis-  dale, M.P.. has returned from a trip to  the Michipicoten golel district, where he  has been inspecting properties in  which he has interest's. In answer to  a question put to him by a reporter as  to whether prospecting in that region  was satisfactory to those engaged in it  he saiel: "Yes. the surface indications  are; very encourag'ing. They indicate-  not only natural true fissures, but surprisingly large ones. and. judging* the  epiartz by tho plainness with which the  free; gold can be; disthiguishe.il. the  precious metal is of astonishing richness. I certainly think the: metal is  there in paying quantities.'"  riiiKTV  Tiior  SAND  DAV.  OOLI.AI'S    I'KR  lo.hrated by a jolly  a pcrfeirmancc in  Opera House, on  '���!>lh. and on Mon-  ledeiuiaii So-  Hallowe'en  louse  During ;the past week, says the Tribune, there was entered at the Port of  Nelson for export S22 tons of ore and 111  tons of matte, with |an estimate value of  ^100,537. Of this ore, all save 25 tons  from the Iron Mask at Rossiand, came  from the mines of the Slocan. and had a  value of over !?75,000. The week's exports bring the total feir the. current  month   up  $3X2,57(1.    rather creditable  An j value  eni a   in tin  members at the dinner.  .sir '< Paries in  opinion ihal the  Slates   training  bbert Tupper   is of the  passage   of   the I'nite.ei  shin of   Yantic   to the  showing lor thirteen elnys. These exports were made1 up of 2.2S2 terns of ore  valued at sfl7S.3:5*2, and '!lo tons of matte  1 at !flS4.23S, The mineral values  e-xports for the- current month are  classified as follows: Oold. ^ S l! . i i: 5 7 : copper. i?43,��')14: lead. :7lS.n:;;7 and silver.  !f20S.2S(i.  hi!.  il<e  oia* mn  t!  ie  vet  The-, ('"veiling Star on I lay  reported sold to Hugh Sui  .*"��� ;o,(l:io. p) per cent . cash a  auei1 in nine! v ehu s.  on  her  .id  creeis is  ���.and for  ; hi- bai-  ���/ THE LEDGrE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  Fifth Year  MINING NOTES.  From THE MINING RECORD.  It took Old Country investors a long  time to make up their minds with regard  to South Africa. The South African  ���boom was not by any means spontaneously brought about. It was the natural  sequence of events  slowly at first, but  and velocity in its  similar conditions  lumbia   today   as   prevailed   m  ; a stone moving  gathering impetus  course. Precisely  prevail in British Co-  prevailed   in   South  Africa five or six years ago.  The province's prospects were never  better than they are today and there is  now no doubting' the indications of a  future prosperity for the country; the  potentialities of its resources are fast becoming recognized, but a legitimate  boom in ''B.C." mining stock on the  London market is still an event to be  fondly anticipated.    But it will come.  The British investor is proverbially  "leary" of new fields, and the only  possible way of winning his confidence  is to lie able to show him a considerable  list of mines in the country paying dividends; Now, in the case of British Columbia, we could not at the present  time produce a list that would do credit  to the country, for the very simple' reason that the provincial industry of quertz  mining is yet in its infacy. Mines are  not opened up in a day, even when  amply capitalized, and adequate development work must generally be done before dividends can be declared.  It is quite safe to say that bad management is frequently the cause of the  abandonment of many a mine that otherwise would have paid' well to work, anel  a manager that is in too great a hmry to  ship ore often disregards important  principles of scientific mining to elo so.  Once a mine is properly opened up and  the permanency and value of its ore body  to some degree assured then no investment could be much safer or more remunerative.  To investors in this country we would  say that no time could be more auspicious than the present for investment in  B. C. mining stock, providing, always,  ordinary business precautionary methods  are followed. We venture to predict  that with the completion of the Crow's  Nest Pass road and the consequent  cheapening of smelting and transportation charges there will be twenty dividend-paying mines in the province where  there is one to-day.  The building ofthe railroad through  the Crow's Nest Pass will"assuredly  stimulate mining activity in British  Columbia to a marked degree, but the  merchants of the North-West Territories  anel of Eastern Canada will, as a matter  of course reap the benefit of the increased trade resulting therefrom. It is, of  course, eminently more elesirable that  this should be the case than that Spokane or some- other American town  should continue to be the chief supply  market for British Columbia up-country  mining camps, but to Coast merchants  the alternative does not altogether afforel  ground for unmixed satisfaction.  The question of supplying ways and  means for the construction of the' "People's Railroad" from the Coast to the  Columbia river should still rightly be  the most important issue for the consideration ofthe Provincial Government.  and Clayoquot mining camps. Here  would clearly b- a case of the devil to  pay.  It is more than probable that in the  course of the next few years East Kootenay will rank with West Kootenay in  importance. This se-ction of the province is now being opened up very  rapidly, and the building of the Crow's  Nest Railway will naturally hasten the  development of it resources. In addition to gold, silver, ! copper and lead  ores, coal of excellent quality and in  abundance has been found in the Fort  Steele district. Petroleum spring's here  may also ere long be turned to profitable account.  Mr. "Ogilvie, D.L.S., who recently  returned from the Yukon, is credited in  a Seattle paper with the statement that  "twenty-three claims in the Klondike  district'have produced 882<>,Oi)u already,  anel ��70.000,000 is not an exaggerated  estimate of the amount that will be produced by 180 claims on Bonanza, Hunker and Eldorado creeks during* the next  three years."  In view of the limited amount of  development work that has as yet been  carried on in the Klondike, and in the  absence of any systematic examination  or even survey of the diggings, it is extremely improbable that Mr. Ogilvie, a  man possessed with strong common  sense, and moreover enjoying a high  professional standing, would thus commit himself to so rash a statement and  it is preferable to believe that the paper  in which the report appeared is guilty  of misrepresentation or of distorting  his remarks. The gross culpability of  some of the American Pacific Coast  papers in booming Klondike is a matter  demanding the severest censure. It is  true the rush to the north has somewhat  abated for the present, but it has taken  several months to convince people that  the spring' is the only season at which  it is elesirable to set out for the Arctic  gold fields. Next spring, however, the  excitement promises to be even greater  than heretofore.  If tlie reports are true that Mr. ITeinze  has a force of engineers in the field surveying a route for a  railroad between  Penticton and  the Columbia river,  it is  , pertinent to ask tbe Government to ascertain at once whether it is the intention of the Columbia & Western Railway  Company to accept the land grant subsidy or the cash bonus of $4,000 per mile  for the construction  of  that  part of the  roard    from   Penticton   to    Boundary  Creek.    If the latter alternative  is preferred, and it probably will be, the land  reserved to the railway company shoulel  at once be   thrown   open   to   settlers.  Under the provisions of the Columbia &  Western  By. Subsidy Act, prospectors  locating claims within the  limits of the  railway belt are required to purchase the  surface rights at the rate of $5 per acre;  moreover, no land can be purchased at  all as  third-class   land from the company.  For the last two or three years at  least the B. C. Iron Works Company, of  Vancouver, have been considering the  advisability of competing with the  Americans in the manufacture of mining machinery to meet the demand of  the home market. The Company, after  taking their own time, have at length  come to the scratch well-equipped, however, for the struggle. At the head of  the new department for the special  manufacture of mining machinery is a  capable man in the person of Mr. Nor-  born, an engineer of wide experience.  Altogether there is no reason why the  B. C. Iron Works should not beat the  Americans in this field.at any rate.  The fact that Vancouver is nearer the  mines than San Francisco (where B. C.  mine owners at present largely purchase their machinery) will not, perhaps, cut much figure, the usual  generosity (?) of the C.P.R. in the matter of freight rates having to he considered. But a twenty-five per cent,  duty on foreign manufactured machinery should give the Vancouver firm  every opportunity to make a fair start.  The manufacture of mining machinery will in the course of the next few  years be one of the most important of  Canadian industries. It is estimated  that the value of the machinery used in  the Rossiand Camp alone was nearly  $350,000 at the beginning of the year.  Of this the. equipment of the Le Roi  mine cost SloO.OOO.  As in the case eif Kootenay, or enterprising friends, the Yankees, are the  first to recognize the possibilities of the  new mining districts which are being  opened up on the north-west coast of  Vancouver Island, anel it is possible  that almost within sight of the new  Government Buildings in the capital of  the province mines may be ownejd and  operated by Americans. It is also  within the bounds of probability that  unless we "buck up a bit" the Seattle or  Tacoma merchants will successfully  compete   for the   trade  of the   Alberni  It would be most interesting to learn  whether the provincial 'constable (so-  called) stationed at Clayoquot is ''grubstaked" as an "official" prospector by  the Government. From all accounts he  spends the greater part of his time in  the hills locating claims���an occupation  one would imagine that is not included  under the head of regluar constabulary  duty. .  Instead of an exodus of Canadians to  the States, as has been the case in the  past, we may hereafter confidently expect to see���indeed, the phenomenon  may now be witnessed���Americans emigrating to Canada in large numbers.  In the next few years the economic  conditions now prevailing in Canada  will have entirely changed, and it is  safe', to preelict a remarkable increase of  population, particularly in tlie western  provinces of the Dominion. The British Columbia mines will give employment to many thousands, and settlers  will turn to profitable account the rich  agricultural and grazing lands of Chil-  cotin and other sections of the country,  at present practically unexplored. A  substantial increase in the population  will be the means of removing the principal difficulties wherewith Canadian  trade is today embarrassed.  Here is an interesting question for  legal argument: A locates a mineral  claim within the E. & N. railway belt  and pays the Company $2/30 for surface  rights and base metals, in consideration  for which payment he receives a title to  the ground. * He, however, fails to do  his assessment work and B takes ad-  this to "jump" the claim,  as A has a title to the land from  the railway company what is to prevent  him prosecuting B for trespass? If A  can thus successfully prosecute, why  should he comply with the Government  regulations at all?  rather remarkable regulation it may be'  mentioned that we sought legal guid-j  ance. Our adviser' was" much puzzled I  when asked to interpret the passage.!  Evidently, however, the clause either i  aims at stopping prospecting altogether i  within the railway belts, or its wording '-  is so "ambiguous" that it certainly i  admits of the'eonstruction we have put  upon it.  The Provincial Mineralogist, Mr. W.  A. Carlyle, during his visit this year to .  the Trout Lake district, discovered in-;  stances where advantages had been!  taken of the leniency or looseness of the |  law in regard to the'location of mineral |  claims and one case of a man having j  staked no less than sixty claims in this |  district is ���mentioned." Promiscuous!  staking is a very common practice in j  all newly established mining  and a certain classsof prospectors devote .  a season's work exclusively to locating j  large tracts of land, not 'with the ex- j  p'ectation of discovering mineral there-;  on and developing the find, but on the |  off-chance of selling out to advantage]  in boom times. It is not so long ago  since this Was a remunerative business  enough, and apparently there are some  of the opinion that it will be so again.  But, meanwhile, it is distinctly in the  interests of the province that legislation  should be introduced to discourage this  industry.  Yet how to put a stop to wild-cat  staking and at ithe same throw no ob-  sticle in the way of legitimate prospecting is a somewhat diliicu.lt problem,and  Mr. Carlyle's suggestion that a prospector hereafter should be obliged to tlo  assessment work to the value of 8100  within 60 elays of the recording of a find  has raised a storm of objection in Kootenay districts on the ground chiefly  that such if regulation would discourage  the poorer class of prospectors from following their ('ailing. A better plan we  think is, to allow no transfer or sale of  new location or an interest therein to  be recorded unless assessment work  has been previously performed. But  even here you leave a loop-hole whereof  the unscrupulous will take advantage,  and after all it is questionable whethsr  such an amendment to the Mineral Act  would strike at the root of the evil.  lu's ear turned back to the "Hielaii  Home in Lochader," and he longed to  hear the bagpipes. His request was  granted. The pipers played around  the room for an hour, and the Highlander recovered���but the remaining  forty-one died !  There was at least one responsive  hearer in the crowded little church in a  southern village, and it happened this  way:  Guests had arrived unexpectedly at  the country parsonage on Sunday morn -  ing.  The weekly supply of butter had run  short, so the hospitable host dispatched  old Joe, the colored man, to his neighbor, Mr.. Paul, whose dairy always  boasted a surplus. The parson pro-,  j- f ��� f ; ceeded to church with his well-prepared  districts, j sermon on some o; the best sayings of  the great apostle, and was well under  way Avith it when old Joe, returning  empty-handed, concluded he would  quietly slip in and hear his master  preach. v  Just as lie. entered,'the preacher leaned over the pulpit, stretched forth his  hand with a most impressive interrogation in voice and  manner, and called  Dis-  "And .vhat did Paul  sounded   through  sav  -������>"  out  tinctly  Joe's'reply  "He say, marster,   he ain't  let you  have.no more  butter till you  pay for dat last you got."���Detroit Free  Press.  the church  going' to  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate. Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.RAB. Cameron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the :���  Latest Style  the :���  Tailors    fljrt.  ���: or  THUEE FORKS & SANDON.  We would, therefore, submit the following suggestions in hope that it will  prove of some practical value: The  Government should appoint in every  mining division an official surveyor at  an adequate salary. Every prospector  recording a claim' would be obliged at  vantage of  Now  The building of railways in this province will, "if the policy pursued in  connection therewith by the present  ! Government is not radically changed,  tend to retard rather than hasten the  development of our mining resources.  The illiberal treatment of prospectors  by the E. & N. Ry. Co. has to all intents  and purposes put a stop to prospecting  within the limits of the Island railway  belt, and in the nature of things there  is little reason to believe that the Columbia & Western Company will be  very much more generous in dealing  with those locating claims within the  territory of the reserved lands between  Trail and Boundary Creek. Moreover  the Government strangely enough are  seemingly anxious to stop all exploratory work in every part of the country  directly it becomes (by e-ultus potlatcli)  the property of a railway corporation ;  otherwise why,was the following extraordinary section of clause 37 inserted in  the "Miueral Act, 1896?"  "And on the granting* and recording  of such certificate of improvements in  respect of a mineral claim inside the  railway belt the holder thereof shall be  entitled, to a Crown grant of such claim  on the payment of So.00 per acre to the  Mining Recorder."  Thus, according to the reading of this  clause, a prospee;tor acquiring a claim  within (say the E. & N. Railway belt)  would have to foot the little bill herewith appended:  To minor's license (five years at *:>} �� 2:> 00  To recording1 claim  2 50  To recording-as3033m3iit work (live years) 12 5U  To five assessments, to value S100 per annum   .500 oo  To surveying'  100 00  To E & X. (surface rights) 52 acres  200 00  To Government charge of So per acre as  per section 'ill, Mineral act, l.SOf*  200 00  ���51,157 00  But  the   limitation   of    expenditure  necessary to  obtain Crown grant of a  claim outside  as follows :  thesame time to notify this official, who  would set a date within a certain period  for the survey of the claim, and the  owner be then' compelled to cut out a  trail (not nieiely blaze lines) following  his location lines on the four sides. A  'moderate charge, payable upon issuance of Crown grant would, of course,  be required to cover the extra expenses  of this system. If this plan were adopted it would, we belive, effectually check  the present tendency to wild-cat staking, and, moreover," materially reduce  the. difficulties of prospecting* in thickly  timbered districts. Furthermore,official  maps (kept up to date) of every mining  district should be obtainable at the  government offices, and a prospector  would thus at once be able to learn  what land was vacant and what was  occupied. Again, any man staking  ground, but failing to record it, |should  be liable to a very heavy fine or a term  of imprisonment!  With praise-worthy enterprise the C.  P. R. have already taken the initial  step in the project of providing rail  communication between Telegraph  Creek and. Teslin Lake, en'route for  Klondike, the Company's engineer  being now in the field for the purpose  of taking topographical notes. It is not  improbable that the C.P.R. will realize  greater profit from this hundred miles  of road than from any five hundred  miles of its continental highway. We  cordially agree with The Province that  the Provincial Government missed here  an excellent opportunity of making*  what would have been undoubtedly a  popular move���the construction as a  Government undertaking* of a railroad  over the route now monopolized bv the  C. P. R.  A vessel from America was at one  time off the coast of Ireland in a heavy  storm! She 'hoisted the signal for li  pilot, and in the course of a couple of  hours a !rough 'man made his appearance, saying in very broken English  that he could take the vessel into the  harbor. The captain had his boubts as  to the nautical lore of the pilot, and  asked him if he could box the compass.  Poor Pat knew only in a general soit of  way that there was a certain jingle in  boxing tbe compass, anel if he began  the work in English he would get the  northwest and liortlnvest by north, and  west nor'west inextricably "mixed, so he  told the captain he could do it in Irish,  and began in the unknown tongue :  "My grandmother, my great-grandmother, mother, my mother; my mother's father, .my grandmother's' father,  my great-grandfather's father, my  father." At this point the captain declared himself perfectly satisfied, and  the ship was delivered into the pilotage  of Pat, who carried her in with perfectly safetv."  the Tenderloin  went wild over  Van Wyck*, for  ���zy\  prcked'oFF.theD^p  of a railway belt is 8W7.50,  To miner's license 'Jive ye:  To recording claim   To recording assessments.  To assessments   at S5).  i 25 00  2 50  12 5')  50(1 00  .*G-17 50  Or the actual cash disbursement in the  first case would be Slo'i.oO as against  $137.50 in the second.  Before venturing  to comment on this  A colored man in Cleveland noticed a  board displayed in front of a building  iu course of erection It bore tliese  words .* "Keep away���Danger !" The  colored man walked up close to the  board and traced the letters with his  finger. His lips moved as if he were  spelling out the words. Before he had  finished the "Keep away," a brick fell  from an upper story and struck him  squarely on the head. Without even  looking' up, he backed across the sidewalk and examined the big gash in his  hat. As he smoothed it down, he sadly  remarked: "Dat's one o' de drawbacks  to a limerted edercation."  W. Alvord, in the proceedings of the  American Forestry Association, reports  that from 1890-1891 there were used in  the miles and the mills of the Comstock  Lode 674,765,000 cubic, feet of timber  and 891,070,500 cubic feet of cord wood,  representing a total cost of 845,000,000.  About 200,000 acres of forest have been  destroyed to work tliese mines, and at  present the most of the supply has to he  brought 45 miles. The area on which  the forest has been destroyed is now  being* covered'chiefly with pine, but it  will require nearly a century for the  trees to attain the' size of those which  have been heretofore used in the mines.  A sacreligeous patent medicine sign  painter, following in the wake of a  party who was painting- Scripture texts  on rocks and fences in northern Georgia  found the text distributer very helpful  in booming his business. For instance,  the line, "Give me a clean heart," had  been placed in big, red letters on a  rock. Below it, the medicine man adel-  ed: "You can't get it unless you use  Blank's Soap!" Another line, on a  board fence, read : Sinner, where are  you going*:-'" The medicine fellow answered that question as follows : "I'm  going where I can get Blank's Pills."  Strahg'e to say, the people got after both  men and ran them out of the country.  It is saiel that on one occasion in the  Crimea there; were forty-two wounded  soldiers in one room, ail doing well except a scarred hero of Sir Colin Campbell's famous Highland Brigade. As  he lav from dav  tei dav.   slowlv living-.  It is not strange that  District in New York  the election  of Robert  he is one of the boys.    He may "prove a  most upright and reserved king, but as  citizen he took  the utmost enjoyment  out of life.    Four   years ago  he was a  arominent   participator in the French  "all, and but a year ago he took a leading part in the convention of the Psta  Psi Society at the Imperial Hotel.   Regarding his   appearance on the latter  occasion a. good story is told.   A talented journalist of this city, anel a graduate  of Varsity, going to the hotel to attend  the   convention,   found   the delegates  from Montreal and Toronto in a corner  hy themselves holding a caucus,  with  lowering brows.    "What's up,, boys?"  was his'grceting.    "Why." said one of  the  group,   "here's   this   fellow been  holding* forth for half an hour, calling*  us   aliens,   pitching* into Canada, anel  saying we should not be allowed in the  convention.     We   propose   to   attire."  At that moment a leader in the convention approached and  poured oil on the  troubled water by saying*:  "T hope you  are not paying* any attention to what  that fellow   is saying.    He's   drunk."  That  fellow was" RcuVert  Van  Wyck,  first Mayor-elect of Greater New York,'  the largest municipal  constituency in  the world, barring one.  Probably the oklest citizen of America engaged in daily, toil for wages is  Barney Morris, whose duty it is to keep  the paths and flowerbeds in Prospect  park, Brooklyn, free from waste paper  and rubbish! June 10 last, Barney  celebrated his 105th birthday. He was  born in Temple Court parish, County  Cavan, Ireland, and came to this country seventy-five years ago. Aside from  his Avrinkl'ed skin, the only sign of his  g'reat age is the absence of teeth. His  hair has beeiii the same shade of iron  twentv vears.  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVEAY  The - - ��� p  IjNEW DENVER, B.C.  ���nrVM!  tw.tra  I Is a new house, .with new furniture and everything comfortable  T for the taaveling public. The bar has the best goods in the  ��       market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors. _  The Jeb  reem  gray for  can  But it is making us hustle.  Our stock of Bedroom suites  was reduced last week to  the minimum figure, and it  was just our good fortune to  be able to fill the last order.  This week finds us with  our delayed shipment in  stock and we are continuing  our efforts with renewed  vigor to please our Slocan  friends. It   is   an   easy  matter to dispose of furniture if it's worth the price  asked for it. We do not  find it necessary to sell at  prices that profit us nothing.  Our goods are worth what  we ask for them. This accounts for the phenomenal  success we have met with  thus far. Our   stock is  not large enough to satisfy  US; but we have an assortment of first-class Furniture  out of which we can satisfy  YOU. Don't, you think  Trv  so  us.  If yoet want to have, a specially  designed chair or upholstered  article of any kind made up for  a Xmas present, we can do it.  for you.      A handsome line of  Upholstered Good?, loung"'*",  settees, rockers, etc., on the way  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  Is the finest west ofthe Red River   The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than  any print shop  west of Lake Superior    .There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered, The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  -mX^-' blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train     ft you,are in the Slocan metropolis call in and. see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or allow the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug hat out ot the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing- to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.     Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  >*ow  Ilenvor  Furniture: Dcalors aiid Kepairers  s     Undertakers and KiiihalmerH.  X. B.-We have  anel Kniliulnier (loin  the only prac-tie-al Undertaker  business in the SIoc-h.ii.  FRED J. SaUIRE  Nelson. B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  Hotel Vevey  Dining* Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Booms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C.  (A Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  3  PASSING TOPICS.  Bystander," in the Weekly Sun.  There are symptoms of the approaching" decline   of  jingoism in   England.  Jingoism reached its heig*ht at the time  of the Jubilee.    The Jubilee of George  III., is called by Sir Samuel Rom illy,  Avriting at the time, a "political engine,"  The Victorian Jubilee, also, apart from  its character as a personal tribute, was  a political engine of innumerable horsepower.   Every other sentiment was lost  for the time in the enthusiasm which,  with its magnificent display of naval  force it created.   But the effect of every  stimulant has a limit.     The tide now  begins to ebb, the fever begins to abate.  Recent elections have been going for  the Liberals.    In Denbigh  and Barns-  ley, though they have not gained seats  thev have increased   their majorities.  Independent journals, even the Sunday  Review,, are   protesting   against   the  "punitive   expedition"   undertaken to  chastise the mountaineers of Northern  India for defending their independence  and their homes.    Public conscience on  this subject'has .probably been quickened by the unexpected obstinacy of  the resistance.    Labor troubles at home  can hardly fail to damp the appetite for  costlv adventure abroad.     It will not  be sin-prising if. when the new army  estimates   appear   a   decided   reaction  should set in.  In speaking of the market to which  the Canadian farmer might look in his  own country so soon as our mines and  water powers should have been brought  fully into play,  the Bystander by no  means meant to suggest any fresh taxation of our people for the construction  of railways in the interest of masterful  corporations,   or   of    the   speculative  owners of mines.     To   adopt   such a  policy would probably be to   Open a  scene of jobbery and malversation.   If  the roads are likely to pay, capitalists  will be ready to  build them,  without  taxing the people.   Plenty of American  money is ready for investment if we do  not drive it away.     Politicians noted  for their activity "in commercial speculation are already on the trail, and the  magic words   "national   progress and  expansion," by  which money is  conjured out of the farmer's pocket for pri  vate enterprises are once more beginning* to be  heard.     The  disposition of  man's vocal organs  have, been formed  in a moister climate.     His native ideas  and sentiments also are in some respects different from those of the people  of this continent; perhaps he may sometimes feel that he is a stranger'among  Canadians, though ic is theyrather who  feel that he is a stranger among them.  But to say that an Englishman in'Canada finds'him self hi a more than foreign  land is a "first impression" which a few  days sojourn would remove.  ���%,  In the Canadian Magazine, Mr. Cooper gives a narrative of the Fenian raid  of 18G6,, which will probably be accepted  as authentic.    He is  perfectly right in  saying  that the   Irish attacked   Canada only because she was a dependency  of England.     The   American Government must be held to  have failed in its  international duty.    It ought to have  been more prompt in stopping the raid,  it may be partly excused,  however, if  we consider thetorrent of abuse and insult which during* the whole time ofthe  civil war, when American nerves were  most sensitive,' had been poured upon  the North by all the organs of the aristocratic party of England.   Of the accidental   disaster   at   Ridgeway,    Mr.  Cooper, no   doubt gives the true account.   The   volunteers were hurried  into action by  the impetuosity of their  commander, \vho ought to have waited  the.arrival of Colonel Peacock.   Afalse  alarm of cavalry caused the volunteers  to form square.     The square broke, as  any square, or indeed  any close formation,   must necessarily break, under  the fire of a line, and a hasty retreat  followed.    The general impression, Mr.  Cooper fears, among the younger and  non-military part of the present generation, is that the Queen's Own and the  I3th were guilty of cowardice.     No impression certainly could be more unjust.   The liability of raw troops, under  inexperienced officers, however personally brave,  to blunder,  confusion and  panic, is a   commonplace  of military  history.     Up to this point there cannot  be two opinions among right minded  men.   Whether it is a  case for striking  medals is a question more open to doubt.  ar' charged with usin' powerful insultin'  language against this town, an' he kim  mighty near bein' lynched fur it, too.  What did he say ?  Said this town was the quietest an'  most peaceful little place he had ever  struck.  He did, eh, durn his picture ! It's a  fine of ��25 and costs, an'* if he's in town  to-morrow I'll double it! This court  are now adjourned, an' anybody want-  in' to see me this afternoon'will find me  playin'poker at the Red Gulch saloon.  ���New York World.  GOLD   IN   AUSTRALIA.  A correspondent writes to the Argonaut that a gentleman who has mined in  Australia remarked in conversation  with him that Australia has produced  sixteen times as much gold as California has, and he asks wnether this is  true. The statement is, of course, absolutely unfounded in fact. California  produced from the date of the discovery  of gold to the end of 1895, $1,265,217,219;  the produce of 1896 increased this  amount to ��1,282,398,779. The world's  production of gold from the discovery  of America to the end of 1895 was  $8,781,021,100, and, adding the estimate  for 1.890 of Mr. Preston, director of the  mint, the total is 88,966,021,100. , The  production of the whole world, there-  ore, is less than one-half of what this  gentleman claims for Australia alone.  It is a fact, however,'that Australia  has produced more gold than California.  To the end of 1891 Australia produced  ��1,773,127,900 as against ��1,149,872,900.  The product in 1895 was 843,586,000 and  for 1896 it is estimated at 846,250,000,  making a total to the first of this vear  81,867,063,900 against 8,282,398,780*, an  excess of 8585,565,120. The comparison  is hardly fair, however, between California alone, with an area of 158,360  square miles, and all the gold-producing  colonies of Australasia, including Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, and NeAV Zealand, with  an aggregate area of 3,004,708 square  miles. A comparison would be more  proper with all the gold-producing  States of this country, which during* the  period under consideration, had an output of 82,038,410,000 or 8170,-14.6,1000 in  excess of Australia.  pieces in an attempt to overturn a mountain with a crow-bar.���Western Mining  World.  The late Senator George of Mississippi was an agnostic,  while his wife  deeply   religious.   She   placed  was deeply religious, bne placed a  neighboring Baptist minister on his  trail, anel he got no peace. Once, riding slowly home from, Carrollton and  reading his mail, the preacher burst out  of the '"woods on his right hand and  began. They came to a creek and  crossed it. it was, in the Senator's  language, "saddle pocket deep." On  the further bank he dismounted" "Git  down," he said, fiercely. The minister  looked at him doubtf'ull, He feared a  personal encounter. "Git down!" He  got down. "Now," said George, "I'm  tired o' bein' harried around th*"' kentry,  like I was a cotton-tail rabbit an'you  was a pack o' nigger dogs. Baptize me  right here." It "was winter time, but  the venerable statesman would not be  denied. The two men waded into the  icy water up to their armpits, and the  ceremony was performed. Senator  George 'climbed into his saddle and  looked down on the shivering evangelist. "Now," he said, "you go home  and stay home, I'm through with this  ��������� foolishness."  OTEL SANDON,  ^     ^     7^     7^     ?A     7h  Sandon, B.C.  HPHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to  accommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are  unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cun ring, Proprietor.  Sixty years ago Joseph Gillot was a  working jeweler in Birmingham, England. One day he accidently split one  of his fine steel tools, and being suddenly  called on to sign a receipt and not finding a pen handy he used the split tool as  a substitute. This led to making pens  of metal.  The Clifton House,  Carpets, floor  tains. Bedroom  Largest    stock  cloth  sets  in    Slocan-Kootenay  , rugs, mats, cur-  in  ash  and oak.  CROWLEY, above Ledge Office, New  Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points  and Sandon.  scription.  a great military  the government being what it apparently is, vigilance in this direction may  be required.  "Conscription  in Sight," is the heading of an editorial in an English paper.  The,British people have at last awakened to the fact that a great empire, extending over all parts of the world, entails the necessity of a large army.   It  is remarked by another British journal  that there are now thousands of square  miles in the dominions of Great Britain  over which, for want of troops, she cannot enforce the law or maintain  real  authority of any kind.      Besides this  she has both in Asia and in this continent an enormous extent of land frontier  open to invasion.    But how is a large  army to.be raised?   It is found difficult,  as Sir Charles Dilke tells us, to man the  navy,   though   England   has   a   great  maritime   population,    from   which   it  would seem easy to enlist.     Recruiting  for the army has always been difficult.  Armies called "British" have contained  nsuallv a large foreign element.   One-  half of Wellington's army in the Waterloo campaign was foreign.     Moreover,  the Irish used to enlist more freely than  they do now.    So   long as wages are  high  recruiting for the army  will be-  very costly.   Therefore, if Great Britain  is resolved to become a great military  power, conscription  is in  sight.   But,  could the British people be induced to  bear it?   They have never borne it yet.  The only approach  to it has been the  press gang, which was formerly used,  very disgracefully to man   the  navy,  and, in the reign of Anne,  perhaps still  later, was applied on a small scale to  the impressment of tramps for the army.  All the habits and   sentiments of the  people, as well as their industrial interests, are thoroughly opposed to con-  Yet if Lng'iand is to become  power,  conscription is  insight.  ���%,  It was soon   after   the settlement of  the Alabama question that a Canadian  visiting England was invited to a public meeting on the subject of emigration  in a city which has a  high name for in-  tellig'enee.   He assured the audience of  the warmth of tbe Canadian feeling for  the mother country.    He was  followed  by a speaker,  evidently well educated,  who expressed  his satisfaction at what  had been said, adding* that now* that the  Alabama qcestion was settled he hoped  there would be nothing to divide England and Canada from each other.    The  intelligent audience showed no si��-n of  surprise.    The upper classes iu Fng-  jiiiul now know more about   Canada.  Yet it is doubtful whether the people in  general do.   There is,  therefore, nothing to guard the ordinary British mind  against being* misled by the" "'first impressions" of correspondents who write  about Canada on the strength of having  lunched   at   the   Toronto   Club.    The  English were told the other day by one  of   the   snap-shot   photographers" that  Canadians are ultra-American in their  ways   and   habits;    that    they  speak  Americam'se; and that an Englishman  coming among them,  finds himself, except in a very select set, more  a stranger than he would in any foreign country.   No one   could   imagine  that the  Canadian had the New England twang,  or the peculiar accent  which the South  is supposed to have derived from negro  nurses.     Nor   do   Canadians   use  the  picturesque,   phrases   and   the   devout  ejaculations of the West.     Generally,  no doubt, the identy  both of accent or  language, and of all that is denoted by  the'  forms of language,   is   complete.  The political vocabulary is exactly the  same,  and indicates an identy of political   ideas   and   habits,   though the  Americans elect a  President  while we  elect a Prime Minister.     The  English-  A correspondent of the London Times  challenges with a great array of proof  the claim of national education   to   the  whole or principal credit  for  the  diminution of crime.    He show, in the first  place, that the statistics   of  crime   are  not altogether trustworthy, many who,  under the old laws, used to be inmates  of prisons, being now at large after payment of fines or under recognisances as  first offenders.   In the second place, he  contends that whatever   diminution   of  crime there has been  must be credited  not to education alone, but to a combination of good influences, such as the  improvement in   the  condition   of the  people, and  in  the  relations   between  classes; better laws;  charitable  effort;  and religious ministrations.     There can  oo no doubt that he is right. Education���  mere literary education, at least���of itself is not, as its enthusiastic advocates  use to assert,  a sovereign  remedy for  criminal propensities.    There are plenty  of criminals  who  can read and  write.  Jack the Penman can  do  a great deal  more. Eugene Aram was learned. Ruloff,  one of the worst robbers and murderers  ever hanged in the United States, was  a great  linguist,  and  had  invented  a  universial language.     Statistics   before  they are used, must be carefully scrutinized.   There was a township in which  statistics  showed  that  twenty-five per  cent of the people who died in the year  were hanged. It was a healthy township  and only four  persons   had  died in the  year, of whom one had died on  the gallows.  Ever}' theorist refers crime to some  one cause, by extrapating which we  should make the world an Eden. With  one it is drink, to which undoubtedly  many crimes of violence are due; with  another it is degeneration, which he proposes to stop by elimination ofthe weak;  with the vegetarian it is meat, breeding  carnivorous passion. But the fact is that  the causes of crime are multiform. It  abounds in Mohometan countries, where  drink is forbidden by the prophet's law;  among savage tribes, where the weak do  not survive; and in countries where the  food of the people is grain or rice. In  like manner the causes of poverty are  multiform, though one theorist fancies  that it can all be traced to the use of  money, and another to private ownership of land.  HARD   TO   I*XI"ASK.  Sandon.  Has ample acoommodatioHS for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market.  Sample Booms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley, Prop.  The  Arlington Hotel  He wore a cowboy hat, top boots and  other garments and he stole into the  editorial sanctum as though about to  impart the secrets of the Cabinet, i  ',Would yey like some information ?"  he asked dramatically, eyeing the editor.  "Certainly.   What is it ?"  "My wife's had twinses." He paused  to watch the effect, then added: "Yez'll  put it in the paper?"  "Ob, of icourse! You'd better write  the notice out yourself���paper!���ink!"  He sat down chuckling all over and  sprawled over the paper for five minutes,  then banded it it. It read: "The wife  of John Jones, of Olokohawk Creek, has  twinses. They is both fine boys and is  doing remarkable considering their  age."  Then still chuckling he left the office.  An hour later he reappeared with a  pained expression on his face. "Say,  boss," he said, putting his head in at  the door, "I've been thinking of the  notice and it don't seem to me quite  right. I guess I'll fix it up different."  A piece of paper was handed him and a  pen. Scratching his head with one hand  and writing with the other he altered  "twinses" to "two twins;" then with a  smile of ^seraphic contentment he said,  "I guess I've did it this time," and he  left. At half past three he was back  again. The smile had gone; he looked  like a man with brain fever. "Its them  twins as is bothering me," he said in  explanation. "What I want to know is  whether they is both twins and whether  each of 'em is a twin." The editor tried  to soothe his troubled mind, but was  only partially successful. Next day he  called again. "That thar notice didn't  seem to read right in the paper last  night," he grumbled. "S'pose we try it  again to-day." The editor politely declined, saying they did not repeat their  news. Then the father of the "twinses"  grew wrath and vowed to see the paper  in tropical regions. And the editor  went back to his desk with a sigh, minus  one subscriber.  It seems it was the same man who,  writing of an Olokohawk Creek wedding,  said: "Bride and bridegroom are doing  as well as can be ekspected under the  cirkumstances."  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  . this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  In Slocan Gity  Is an ideal home for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  Qething & Henderson.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  '*""���' ""W ^a-  .<%,    -^.     -^,     -^.  ^a* ^b -^*  ���**&���     ^     ^   ' ^  **&��� -^ "%-  ^     ^     ^     ���������%>  ���%-���*%.'���*  ���%'���%���'������'*'�����������"*���'  '%���%���'%-  ���"���JV    -%.    *%,    ���^  -%.    -%���    -%���  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value  If you are going to  the Klondike  take a copy of THE LEDGE with  you.  journey  seekers.  It  will cheer you on the  to   that   mecca   of gold  Comfortable  ^     Rooms  THE   AMBITIOUS   BOOMER.  COURT    IX    ARIZONA.  Judge Bangs (as court opens at  Grizzly Gulch)���Everybody git a git on  'em now for this court's got some  mighty important biziness up at the  Reel Gulch saloon in half an hour.  What's the fust prisoner at the bar  charged with?  Court lOHieer���Shootin' Thunderbolt  Tom in a poker game when Tom beat  his five kings witli live aces.  Sentenced to meet this court arter adjournment an' set up thepizen.   Next.  The charg'e against this galoot ar'  shootin' a Chineyman.  Did he kill the heathen?  Naw.  Six months for bein' sech a poor shot.  Next.  This criter ar' charged with parshual-  ly wreckin the Daisy saloon.  What war' the sarcumstances?  The bartender thar' asked him if he  wanted water to mix with his pizen,  and���  Sentenced to g*o back an' finish the  wreck.    Next.  The sheriff charges this cus with  breakin' in the jail to get free board.  Sentenced to go up to this court's  bouse an' split two cords o' wood. Who's  that next prisoner with the biled shirt  on ?  A���afore we go any further, jeelge, I'd  like to know if''this court's armed?  This court ar' alius armed, ye idiot!  Spit out the charges against him !  Wall, jedge, jest give me warnin' if  yer tempted to shoot, for this ar' a  durned serious case.    This tenderfoot  The old saying that fools rush in where  angels fear to tread, finds an illustration  in the manner in  which some  men  of  moderate means attempt to secure all  the available ground in  a  new mining  camp.    With ear-drums sensitive to the  first  faint  rumbles of  a coming  boom  they rush into a new mineral Mecca and  plant their stakes upon a thousand hillsides, until they can sit upon a towering  throne of gileleel   hopes and   proclaim  themselves monarchs of all they survey  ���or all they expect to have surveyed  when the periodical sucker gets ready to  swarm.    When   the  development   of   a  mine here and there in the new district  arouses the ambitions of more conservative capital, the man who has stakeel off  three  or  four townships  into bonanza  mining   claim.'  begins  to feel  that the  gyrations  of   the humble  flapjack will  soon cease to struggle with his appetite,  and that his journey of life  will henceforth be pursued on velvet.  He immediately places a fancy price on each of his  properties,   and   insures the  would-be  investor that the known pay vein, three  miles or more away,  ties a double bow-  knot around the intervening mountains,  double-switches the turn at  the head of  the gulch, anel crops out on the claim lie  is exhibiting to the  tenderfoot in  such  unparalleled wealth that at some seasons  of the year nuggets can  be shaken from  the tree tops.   All the arts of diplomacy  and tact are resorted to by the man with  a township on each hand,  to unload his  holdings at a price that bears no relation  to their actual value in a crude anel un-  developed  state.    He   usually   fails   to  unload, and after the boom has subsided  and the several mines in the new district  have become regular shippers of gooel  ore, be walks out of the  country in the  belief that fate has treated him unkindly.    As a matter of fact,  he suffers  tbe  legitimate rewards of iniquity, tlie penalty of cultivating a greed  too  great for  his financial digestion.    He has gone to  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAP WORTH,  Proprietors.  '*^ST2S22:  ��Ft~am��reirar!ft��f>.'<.w*i^^  SILVERTON, B. C.  Victor!  The  Having' placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur  nish all kinds of rough and dressed'  Lumber  and Shingles  at Kednced Prices  Is the leading hotel of the  city, and headquarters for  Mining and Commercial men.  The house is new,  all plastered, and  ture in use is of  the rooms  the furni-  the latest  ����S2SSK5SE  ^&$ifl{<S^       and Eiost serviceable patterns  The service in tie Dining room is the best that can be  i rovided. The bar is replete with the best wines, liquors  and Cigars. JAMES   BOWES.  ���JI^!!18BL����aiBf.1Ul<IMllJJ.MJl-^BLIIlMllll.tl  E322S  PRICE  LIST:  Knuirli Lumber, narrow,  $10 00  "         wide.  $ii  00 to   12 ..  Joist and Se-antlinj. sized  ip to  18 feet Ion/?,  11 ..  x'to 21 '  12 ..  21 'to-"��) '  13 ..  Flooring, T & C'.e; "  20 .  K                          .(          .3)  22  V jc int Ceiliiifr. J  <>���>  " Rustic,  111   ..  Shiplap,  11   ..  Surfaced Dressed,  13  ..  A liberal discount on large order  s for  C:  sh.  PETER  GENELLE  & Co  By sending*  to Tlie Ledge,  You can obtain a ccmiletD coi/j o:  B  e's  Eeport  on the Slocan.  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  znzra  Silverton, B. C.  Ship goods to any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in  the Slocan country.  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  il_ 4  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  Fifth   Yea  The Ledge.  r. t.  Published ���.-  LOWERY,  '.-fry Thursday.  Editor anil Financier.  start a journal that will paralyze the  community."     We  helped  him   out  bur the  paralysis broke out on him j will  iirst, and thus ends this tale.  Sl_"l"SCl"Il'TK>N RATF.S-.  Tlirei- months   Six ���'  '������'���   Twelv.-   -  Tunr.K ykaks   Transient Adveitisinir. 2.r> e-i-uts per line Iirst in  sertion. in cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  1 .:���">  2.(Hl  .-..ex.!  Te> CONTRIBUTORS.  O ji-re.s|)liiideiK-e from every nartof the Kootenay  District anel coinniuuieations upon live topics  always acceptable.    Write on  both sides of. the  paper if you wish. Always send something ?oe>d  no matter bow crueie.   Get your copy in while it  is hot. anel we will do th': re.si  THUKSDAT, NOVEMBER IS. 1897.  TOO    CIVIL"**"!).  At a church in Kaslo the other day  as a very precise looking" man opened  his bible to find the text, two cards,  one the ace of clubs and the other  tlie jack, slipped out of the good book  and fluttered to the floor. The event  did not cause any excitement as  evidently most of the congregation  had never seen such things before,  and took the wicked pasteboards for  some new kind of a book marker.  THK    MAI)    "RUSH.  The people of this world are commencing to know too much for their  own comfort. We think that the  people who lived a century ago had  much better nerves and enjoyed life  far better than we do now. Then  they were not bothered with telephones,, telegraphs, railroads, electric  lights and the thousand and one  tilings that worry us modern people  into premature graves before most of  us have had time to get bald-headed.  It is simply awful to think of where  science and invention will eventually  land us. Look at the X-Ray for in  stance. How are we to get away  from it ? It will simply be impossible.  If a man goes home late at night with  a jag hidden away behind his shirt  front there will be no use denying it,  or his wife will pull the X-llay on  him and say: "Now hubby, when I  saw you get off the street car from  Silverton I knew you had a jag. But  I will turn the X-Ray on you like  this and prove my assertion; you  have had to-night���  7 Scotches  10 beers  5 Arizona tarantulas  3 Montana blizzards  15 Slocan bracers  1 chicken  2 crackers    ���  10 red fish  and several other articles too  plentiful to enumerate."  What can a poor man do against  such a deadly instrument ? Nothing,  except keep sober until his wife loses  the X-Ray.  If a man owes you and asserts that  he has nothing you can generally  make him out a liar by flashing the  X on him.  Then the ladies, when they want  to size up a man. all they have to do  is to turn the Ray on the poor fellow  and in a moment or two they will  learn more than some of them would  in a century or two in the old days.  The X-Eay is great, and as we are  going out collecting ancient sub.  accounts we have ordered the largest  size made. Before we return we  expect to see everything in B. C,  except the soul of the local government. That, we believe is beyond  even the power of the wonderful  X-Ray.  The mad rush of the century will  commence in January and end about  eight months later. It will be up the  Yukon river and will be principally  directed towards Dawson City and  surrounding country. Most of the  crowd will be . tenderteet and many  of them will curse their God for ever  allowing them to hear of Klondike, a  few will make a stake and they will  bless the name of such magic charm.  The Kootenay country will receive  an immense benefit later on from '"his  great influx of gold hunters. Thousands of them will turnback from the  frost-laden north to Kootenay, a country richer than a dozen Klondikes  and with a climate that will suit most  anv. kind of a sane individual.  Of this number nine out of ten will be  disappointed and a large proportion  find their way Slocan-ward.  Having arrived here great will be  their disgust to. find claims tied up by-  antiquated mining laws and foolish  prospectors. In Australia a mining  claim must be operated within forty-  eight hours after it is staked, and  worked continuously. No Crown  grant of a claim is ever issued, and  the right to occupation ceases unless  the claim is constantly worked.  The Boss of Tammany Hall, Dick  Crocker, is just now receiving columns of biographical notice for which  he will not be called upon to pay.  The historical sketch, though not  very flattering to the people of New  York, is instructive to those shack-  strewn hamlets who are aspiring to  the cultivation of Tammany bosses of  their own as "Cities."  mi>T>w iiiTfrrrtiiBnTnuiti  omitreal  The people of Manitoba arid the  Canadian Territories will receive  over $24,000,000 this year for grain,  fur and hides. Still some of the inhabitants are not contented and are  making ready to chase the yellow  god up the Yukon next spring instead  of stopping on the farm where they  have a sure tiling and plenty to eat.  Farmer Semlix and Farmer Hume  were in New Denver the other dav,  but did not stop long enough to tell  us of their designs on the public.  The Times is the latest journalistic  location in Rossiand. It is edited by  R. W. Northey and ought to do well.  Brazil, which was for many years  prosperous under a monarchy, is today financially wrecked as a republic, which fact gives point to the old  adage that the best form of government is that of a benovelent despotism. In Don Pedro, Brazil had one  of the most wise, benevolent and unselfish men that ever swayed a sceptre. The experience of Brazil proves  that a nation may have an ideal government for which the people are not  fitted by education, tradition or instinct, and the result is chaos.  Brazil is not the only republic in this  condition to-day. In fact the world  has but one republic, so far, which  may be considered a success and that  is not on this continent.  One of the noblest works of Cod is  the man who pays the printer without being dunned.  jtotes of the w^ek.  1!V COSMO.  The mint question is still agitating  the people ot Canada, and it will no  doubt come to something in the next  few* years. The Canadians are slow  to act in matters of this v kind but  they will get there in due time. For  Canada to coin her own gold and  silver would be an advertisment that  would repay many times over the  cost of building a mint and the expense ot maintaining it. The public  men of Canada know little about the  art of advertising or they would  cease talking against the establishment of a mint in the Dominion.  SKNECA   G.  Senega G. Ketchtjm is editing a  paper in Spokane. The paper is published in the interests of the retail  dealers in boozerino. Seneca has  published many similar papers since  his last appearance on this whizzing  universe. He is of rather a sad expression of countenance, banked on  both sides by a face that resembles a  Slocan sunset during the fire season.  He is child-like in his simplicity and  no body would imagine that he was  a bold and desperate humourist. We  met the hero many moons ago. It  was on a very hot day, and we were  sitting in our editorial palace sparring  with the flies when the room seemed  to be filled with more light than  usual. Looking up we noticed the  beaming and dust-stained physog of  Ketchum. Approaching us, as he  slid into our plush chair, he ejaculated :  "I have heard of you since 1815,  but have never been able to call upon  you before. I am a little short, and  [ wish to start a paper in the next  town so if you will giye me four days  work I will then be able with the 60  cents I have succeeded in saving to  The incorporation of Rossiand as a  city has not led to the suppression of  gambling in hotels. Just what constitutes gambling in Rossiand is at  present a debatable quantity between the mayor and his two confreres on the board of police commissioners, the former being disposed to  be over liberal to the "tinhorns"  according to tlie estimate ofthe chief  of police and other commissioners.  Rumor says the Mayor and his two  coadjutors went into secret executive  session on Monday week when a  compromise was effected by a game  of "three up," where in his worship  held the four aces which gave him  the right of way, therefore, henceforth there is to be unanimity in the  Rossiand civic family and stud poker  only, his worships favorite will be  tolerated, while the patrons of roulette, faro and craps will be "jugged"  or fined or both. This reminds one  of the New York Dutch judge, who,  presiding on the bench for the first  time, called the drunks before him :  "Vel my man vat you got dhrunk  on?" "I got drunk on whisky, yer  honor." "Ah, zo, you got drunk on  whisky, me fine you ten dollar/'  Going through shnapps and the minor  tipples with a cash graduation, he  came to the last on the docket who  owned up to having got drunk on  cider. "Eh!" gasped his honor, "me  not fine you, me get dhrunk on zider  meself."  The United States press are so  hughly hugging themselves on the  alleged unanimity between themselves. Russia and Japan on the seal  question that one might suppose a  a triple alliance for offensive and defensive purposes had been ratified by  these three powers, but Uncle Sam  cannot depend on the civility of tbe  Mikado to any great extent so long  as Hawaiian annexation is in the air  at Washington, while the avowed  resolve of Japan to resist all further  agression of Russia in the Orient is  well known.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 0,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir^Doxald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S.Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,   Assistant Inspector.  James Aird, Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  A general banking business transacted.  I  YJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. US M, Loudon, En;-.'  MINING ENGINEER, ,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties  examined    and   reportcel on for  tending purchasers.  Assay office anel Chemical  Laboratory,  vue ave, New Denver, B C.  Belle-  S. RASHDALL,  Xotarv I'ublic.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  A     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  iV.  I ommion & Provincial  La :d Surveyor.  Slocan City, B.C  D  R. A.S. MARS",.~L.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  \\". S. Duewhy  Kaslo, B.C.  H. T. Twice*  Xew Denver, B.C.  S~A  ^P^eCP^aSeoFSHvef-^  Oi  ssssassassssas  The people of the Boundry Creek  want railways, and want them bad,  where they have millions of tons  of ore which . will remain worthless  until fair freight rates will enable  them to ship it for economical treatment, out they do not want the C. P.  R., at least not without a competing  line.  intoxicating  the  an-  are  The Klondike is  adventurous from London to the  tipodes. London shopkeepers  making efforts to persuade their public that the gold-seekers should fit out  there and carry their shovels and  picks along with their geai  the Old Country. An enterprising  London pawnbroker advertises to  lend money���on good security���to go  to the Klondike. From New Zealand  and Australia, it is estimated that not  less than 30,OCO will sail for the  Klondike in   February   and  March.  I propose to show that the present  law relating to silver coinage  is a tree coinage law. I base  the claim on the act of 1878  entitled   "An   act to   authorize the  coinage of the standard silver dollar  and to restore its legal tender char  acter." That is its title. The text  reeds, "There shall be coined * * *  silver dollars ofthe weight, etc. * * *  as provided in the act" of Jan. 18,  1837, on which," etc. When this interpretation ofthe act was argued before the judiciary committee ofthe  house of representatives, it was objected that the $2,000,000 purchase  clause following the words I have  quoted by common understanding  and by fair implication restricted  coinage to the silver, so purchased  and had the same effect as though it  had said in express terms, "and there  shall be no other or further coinage  under this act than of the silver so  purchased."  All but a small minority of that  committee held that the purchase  provision was limitary���so intended  and so commonly understood. In  vain was it urged that what was "intended and so commonly understood"  had no standing with a court in the  judicial interpretation of a statute,  but the "general understanding" and  the long practice of the department  overcame what seemed to me a plain  interpretation ofthe statute.  But we have got past that trouble  now. The two million purchase  clause was repealed and the Sherman clause was substituted, and now  the Sherman purchase law is repealed.  With that repeal, of course, fell all its  implications of limitation. There  was no other limitation or qualification to the "there shall be coined  standard silver dollars as provided  in the act oM.87.-s." And what does  that provide? Section 30 ot that act  provides for the delivery of coin to  the depositors ot bullion in the order  of priority of deposit, and Section 14  provides that silver bullion shall be  received and coined for the benefit of  the depositor.  What, then, shall we say of an administration which thus persistently  refuses to the citizen his plain statu  tory right to free coinage of his silver?  The impeachment by which that  right ni'iy be reeiovered must come  from the people when they come to a  realization of their legal rights and  "will eh;ct a president who has the  from ! courage of a Jackson to defy the plu-  ' tocracy and will open the mint under  the law as now in force.  Judge K. D. Stark.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  ford, McNeil Code.  f) M. WOODWORTH,  M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTAmE  Slocan City, B.C.  MIXING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD   AND BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims  CORRESPONDENT.  cejuveyanciiig.  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy ami Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves anel Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  anel host assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall he pleased, to quote.  prices upon anything lee-ulred  in my line.  BzaswsasriagBsas  Hotelis of Kootenay  SLOCAN HOTEL,  New Denver, H. Stege  ST. JAMES.  New Denver, Angrignon Bros.  WINDSOR RESTAURANT.  New Denver, A. Jacobson & Co.  THE FILBERT.  Sandon,  HOTEL  SANDON.  Sandon, R. Cunning  THE CLIFTON HOUSE,  Sandon, John Buckley  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C, Weaver  HOTEL WELLINGTON,  Three Forks, J. S Reeder  Chri  flf Elegant,. Useful Furniture.  Twenty styles of pretty Ladies'  Chairs.  ASSAVEHS OF B. G.  LEVI   SMITH,  Silverton.  HOWARD WEST,  New Denver.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  FRANK  Slocan City.  DICK,  J^. E. PALMER, C.E.  in Cane, Reed Work and  Upholstered in French  Silk Brocatelle, Plush  and Damask: ornaments for  any Draw ing* Room���     _ a_     S  P  each.  Handsome  and acceptable presents in Ladies' Secretaries, Bookshelves, Fancy Polished Tables at  $1.00 each.  I have too much stock for the times, _  and am reducing prices to cost of  freight and handling. Another  large car has just arrived for me  and is now unloading at Denver  siding.  Stock too heavy;  Prices to Zero.  Fifty dozen Al chairs at 60 cents each.  Fifty patterns of silk and other covers with trimmings tor sale by the yard  D. n. Crowley,  Thirty years' practical Upholsterer.  Near the Ledge office, New Denver.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  RO. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (MeGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  yktean  City.   B O  A   housekeeper   asks, "What  simjili'st \v;iy lo ke'e;|i jelly from  ing  on to\)?"    "Shut   a  boy   up  pantry for a few minutes.''  (In to Iloben'!- for linu-kin.'iws.  tlie  inoiil  is  L  IFE   INSURANCE.  I have received  mv stock of.  The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo. Ont  otlurs a popular policy at moderate rates.  Protection for yonr family-  Provision for your own old ai?e  And a profitable .investment.'  The Ontario Mutual Life���27th year.  Assets ��3.404,908.  Full information by application to  W. D. MITCHELL. Agent,    New Den"er, B.C  ue | -j-**  d-j V.  in the '-  G.  FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC  -Nakusp. B.C.  and invite  the people  of the Slocan to  call in and inspect them.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliables Slocan Tailor.  Williamson Mock. New- Denver. B.C  Brandon, B. 0,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  $1.50  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Copper (by Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper   2 50  Gold, Silver and Copper    3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese '.  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and  percentage  of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  4 o  Terms: 'Cash With .Sample.  June 20th. 1R95.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  Chas. A. Stoess,  Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.  CIVIL ENGINEER.  Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining: Surveying.  Kaslo, B. C. Fifth. Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  5  PHILOSOPHY  OF   A  TUGBOAT  HAND.  BECK  "Yes, sir, home is where the  words that I have reael  In a book wrote by a parly that  dead;  'Home, Sweet Home's' a tune I whistle often  these summer nights,  When ittie smeil rolls up the river follern' the  steamer lights.  heart is; which is  I understand is  of  "In the heart of ev'ry human is a "ieelin', kinder  soft,  Fer the bidin' place he's uset to, even if it's just a  loft.  An'a-settin'on the towpost when we're docked  here, all alone,  I feel sorry fer the man that has no place to call  his own.  'With my pipe lit an' a-puffln', with  lamps Bninin' red,  the bridge  hangin' heavy in the air  An'the black smoke  just overhead,  An',the garbage In the river bobbin- up an' clown,  you see  There s a heap o' satisfaction to a homebody like  me.  "Other men may have their millions an'   their  houses, big an' grand,  But I ain't got any envy fer them people of the  land;  ��� Twenty years I've bunked down forrard in the  olel Rebecca Nye���  She has been my home an' will be, if I'm lucky,  till 1 die. '  "Home���yes, home is where the heart, is, an' Hie  olel Rebecca's mine ,-  I bkiwed up with her in '80, sunk with her in 'Hit;  Ev'ry plank an' rope an' rivet, ev'ry boltluiari is  a frienel  True an' firm an' tried an' trusted, on the which  I can depend.  "Twenty years I've slept down forrard in the  familiar bunk  With exception of occasions when if happened I  was drunk���i  With exceptions of occassions of a sorry kind  when I  Let the wicked icily tempt me from the old Rebecca Nye.  "This is home���the greasy  an' the smoke  An' the smell that comes  till you choke,  An' the tootin' o' the whistle  splashin'sonnel  As the whizzin' old propeller swings some passii  boat around.  water an' the sulphur  a-noatin' up the river,  an'  the crashin',  "This is home���the steward calliir  out of tne tomb,  Telliu'us to come to supper down  engine room.  This is home���witli us  pull in' slow.  ah i'Ii.is eve go ehasin' outside nosJii  til id a tow.  like a voice  there aft (he  a-groanin' un the river,  'round to  "Let thein kings who live  in castles be as proud"  ish as thefy please ;  Let them wade around in carpets that reach clear  ui) to their knees.  That an'such like things may be their idy of it.  home, hut I  Druther have my bunk down forrard in the old  Rebecca Nye."  ���Chicago Record.  response to the love of a true man.  The inspiration springs not alone from  the superior goodness of the lover,  but from the purity <.f love itself  which cleanses and beautifies the  heart that opens to it.  0 man ! It is not worship we want:  We are not goddesses, stooping- from  our high plane to bless and redeem  degenerate man. We would be reverenced only with the same reverence  you give to yourselves, for our place  is beside you, not above you.  The woman ot the twentieth century, looking at life with clear eyes,  sees the race in its growth from  ignorance to knowledge, from knowledge to wisdom. She sees in the  whole course of evolution from , the  nomad to man the process of the  differentiation of sex, a constant  drawing apart and organizing in  separate forms of the masculine and  the feminine qualities, forces, powers,  until to-day man stands the highest  attained expression of the masculine  in nature, and woman the feeblest  embodiment of the feminine.  In the light of this truth the little  distinctions, customs, usages of a few  thousand years appear in their true  light as experimental mistakes ; and  woman,   seeing   her  true   position,  fulfils it.    Henceforth she will stand  beside man in all the walks of life  His need of her is no greater than is  her need of him.    His delight in her  finds full response in  her delight in  him.     She   is   his   companion,   his  counterpart, his "other self."    Body,  mind, heart, soul���in all things man  and woman are complementary and  through mutual interchange develop  themselves  and   the  race, bringing  strength, power andjoy .fco,each .other;,  and to all.  This is the true "sphere" of woman  and we ��f the new day, free women  indeed, arise to fulfil our destiny. 0  you free men, for whose appreciation  our whole being is calling, see you  not also with the clear eyes? Will  you not answer the summons to cooperation in freedom ?  point, much to 1 lie Colonel's delight, but  he wasn't throug-h yet.  "You believe  what the teacher tells  <f{ Fr*���� Worpai**).  HV A DELINK niAMl'XKV.  As a woman I come, speaking in  behalf of woman, the free woman.  Not the "New Woman," emphasized  by capital letters and a smile, half-  contemptuous, half-indulgent. She  is a feeble imitation of man, declaring  a belief in her own inferiority, for  we imitate our betters; otherwise she  is a short-sighted man-hater, putting  herself in opposition to the other sex,  ���as if the true interests of men and  women could conflict! Not for her lo  I speak, but for tlie ^'free proud  woman" of the twentieth century.  For her, man, rational, radical  man, has no satarical smile, no bitter  antagonism. He waits to welcome \  her with, strong, hopeful arms and  loving heart, but oh ! how little does  he understand her.  Some, accustomed to regard woman  as a pet, a toy, a treasure to be  .guarded and cherished and tenderly  cared for, look upon the free woman  as a new sort of plaything. Her  claims to intellectual consideration  amuse them. They will give her a1!  care and kindness, but she is still inferior. Perhaps they find her charm  so great, her attraction so sweet that  they will even humor her demands,  grant her liberty of choice and await  her good pleasure ,but she is still the  ' 'weaker sex."  "Some time or other, somehow or  other" writes one man, "the man  must give way to her weakness���new  woman or old woman���if she be a  woman at all. For it is always her  weakness, as in the end she cannot  resist the man. Such is the destiny  of woman. Only in this age of improvement and good feeling we wish  to rationalize; that is, to make it  more comfortable for her."  Such men are flattering and gallant  in their manner toward "sweet  ladies." They think to please them  by outward deference and seemingly  suppliant attitude, but all the while  feeling a superiority and a right to  dictate which will appear in almost  brute force when the obsequious mask  falls. Their ideal of womanhood is  sweet subinissiveness, recpivity.  They feel they have a right to expect  this and take credit to themselves for  the freedom and initiative privileges  which they grant.  0 man! It is not gallantry we  want. It is not indulgence, petting,  flattery we ask from you. We seek  no rights, no privileges which you  can grant. We ask for understanding.  We ask you that you will see us as  we are, equals with men and entitled  to the freedom we assume.  There are others who misunderstand us as greatly, though in a  different way. They exalt woman  into a veritable angel of light, before  whom they worship. Reacting  against the long period of ownership  and enslavement of woman, they  would almost reverse things. The  mere fact of womanhood, to them,  renders her sacred, and the fact of  motherhood may make her a ruler,  a despot. They abuse their own sex,  declaring man to be a mere animal  until sanctified and uplifted by the  holy love of woman, whom they rever-  ance as the fountain of human spirituality and purity.  Unfortunately many women are  pleased with this worship and encourage it, but it is a false ideal. A  man may be spiritualized and uplifted by'a true woman's love ��� he  may even thus be lifted from the  mire of perverted sensuality, but this  is equally true of woin-ui, in ennobling  AT    A    COWBOY    DAXCK.  Git yo' little sagchens ready  Trot 'em out upon the floor-  Line up there, you cusses!   Stcaely !  Lively now!   One couple more. "  Shorty, shed that ol' sombrero !  'Broncho, douse (hat cigarette.:  Stop yer cussin' Casimero !  'Fore the ladies :   Now, all set!  S'lute yer ladies al! together !  Ladies opposite the same :  Hit the lumber with yer leather !  Balance all, an'swing yer dame !  Bunch thi! heifers in the middle!  Circle stags, an' do-se-do���  l*'iy attention to the fiddle !  Swing her round an' off you go!  First four forward !    Hack to places !  Second foller !   Shuffle back !  Now you've got it down to cases!  Swi'ng'em till their trotters crack !  Gents all right a heel an' taein'!  Swing 'em ; kiss 'em if you kin !  On to next, an' keep a goi'n'  . Till yo' hit yer parels again !  Gents to center: ladies round 'em'  Form a basket; balance all !  Whirl yer gals to where yo'Tound 'em !  I'romeiniele around the! hal!  Balance to yer pards. an' trot 'em  Round the circle double ([iiick !  C'rab un' kiss 'em while vou've got em !  Hold 'em to it il' they Iiick !  Litdii-s' left. Itatiil lo yer sonnies !  Alain ui !   Grand right .-in" left !  Balance all an' swiii;.* yer Mimic- ~  Tick 'em up an' fee!'their licfi :  Pmnieniule likeskeery cattle :  B dance all. an' swi'iifr yer sweets !  Shake yer spurs an' make 'em rattle I  Keno !   Promenade to seats.  you, do you:-'" he asked.  "Yes, sir," yelled the school.  "Now"���and the Colonel became very  abstruse in his tones���"you don't know  me as well as you do your teacher, and  what would you think if I were to tell  were- to tell you he was lying to you?"  This was a poser, anel the 'diihlren  staggered at it for a minute or two.  Finally a tow-headed youngster, with a  scratch on his snub nose and one of his  front teeth gone, helel tip his hand.  "Well, my boy?" and the Colonel  smileel encouragingly.  The boy looked critically at tlie little  Colonel lined up alongside of the six-  foot schoolteacher anel then ran his eye  up the teacher from foot to head.  "I'd;fchink," he said, in the most matter-of-fact tone, "that he'd wallop the  waddin' outen yer in about two shakes  uva sheep's tail."���Washington Star.  ^    .  Three negroes not long ag'o made a  bet among- themselves that each could  name a supper that would be better  than the others coulel name. They put  up $1 each, anel the one that named the  dishes that would constitute the best  supper should take the S3. They drew  straws as to which ones should be the  first and the last to make up menu for  the imaginary meal. The first man  said he couldn't think of anything better than greens boiled with hog-jowl.  For side dishes hev would take corn-  bread, souse, black-eyed peas, and wash  thein down with buttermilk. The other  two smacked their lips.  "Well, for me," said number two "I'd  take fried chicken, hot biscuits buttered and spread over wid preserves���and  den, 'n den���let's see���yes'n, 'simmon  been* and ginger cakes "  The mouths of the other two spilled  water, anel it was apparent that they  were hungry. It came number three's  tin re.  "W'y youse niggers don't know  what's good," said he. "Tell me, fools,  what's better'n possum baked wid sweet  'inters scattered all 'round it, swimmin'  in de gravy? Hey? 'N den atteryouse  done nibbled at de bones tell dey ain't  no moa meat on 'em, dere set de water-  millyon starin' you in ele face lik'.  Hey?"���and then'he started to pick up  the money.  "You leaves dat money alone," the  other two yelled in chorus.' "We warn'f  bet tin'agin  no  sure thing  Times-Herald.  for scientists, ft is generally accepted  that it has'not been brought from tbe  mountains by the river. All the gravels  which underlie the country show colors  when washed, even miles' away from  the river.  The sanitary authorities of Paris  have induced the Prefect of Police to  issue stringent instructions to barbers,  informing them that metal instruments  must be plunged directly after using  into boiling, soapy water. All combs  of tortoise-shell, ivory or celluloid must  be replaced as far as possible by metal,  so as to be'more easily .cleansed and  'disinfected. Scissors, razors, clippers  and brushes must be kept in a stove  and heated to 100 deg. centigrade, or  in a receptacle containing a prescribed  chemical solution, before use. Shaving  brushes must be ' dipped in boiling-  water. Instead of powder puffs, blowers must be used. Finallv, hair dressers must wash their hands before  passing to another customer.  For the balance of November Mel-  drum & Co. will offer great bargains in  clothing of all kinds.  Furnish elegantly and cheap, Parlor  sets in rugs and plush. New designs in  fancy chairs, couches, etc. At lowest  prices at Crowley's New Denver. Enel-  less variety of Pillows, Beds and Mattresses.  Rosebery  The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Eosebery  The  LelaRcl Hease  Is the largest hotel upon the Arrow Lakes and is  unsurpassed by any in Kootenay.  Do not fail to stop there when  travelling to and from  the   Slocan.  OIfs. D. A. meDOUGALiD.  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  l/**W%rt*WWb^*S&%*%W&Wb/*,'  \<WW&^/il, i%%v%viA^%^V^i��1^^%%%%%:  Bfclttr ^ffihMay*MlfcP*ri***lflffw trJ-"n��ifc^ Iffftfti  -Chicago  SASKATCHEWAN    (JOLI).  M��th*^ Uode of Fijn$g  whv have-  tor.  vour,  Onthebum Bey���Ali ! Ali !  n't I feet like a centipede?  The Grand Vizier���What  sultanship?  Onthebum Bey���My  wives  have  given   me   embroidered   slippers  birthday presents  The story of a young woman who  wound np her letter to a friend with :  "P.S.���I forgot to tell vou I was mar-  all  Coi  ned," is matched.    Miss Kate  of  Belfast, recently consented to adopt the  name of a gentlemen friend, and so they  were married. She is iu Dublin now,  and is stopping at the Gresham Hotel.  The other day she made some purchases, and in" going home she said :  "You may   send  them   home for me.  Miss Kate . Gresham Hotel."  She reached the sidewalk before she  recollected that she had "*iven her  maiden name. With admirable wit she  stepped back and said to the clerk .-  "Oh, by the way, send that package to  Miss ���-���,  care' of Mrs. , Gresham  Hotel," anel she swept out of the store  as if she had been married fifteen years'.  <*>  His name wasn't Colonel Bourbon,  but let him be called that for the sake  of this Kentucky chronicle.  That he was 'a little bit of a chap  could not be gainsaid' by any one who  looked at him ; neither could'.it be denied that he was interested in education  anel was a school trustee or visitor, or  whatever it is a prominent citizen becomes when he is interested in the  public instruction of his county.  Not long ago he visited a school in  the country taught by a strapping* six-  footer, and he was asked by the teacher  to make a speech���an 'invition the  Colonel never refuses.  A leading feature of the Colonel's address was mutual confidence between  scholar and teacher and he sought to  make it plain by example.  The golel washings on the North Saskatchewan    river   at   Edmonton   are  among the resources of Northern Alberta which attract the attention of the  visitor.   He sees the solitary miner, or  perhaps two or three together, working*  j with  the hand "grizzly," a laborious  | method of taking the precious elust from  j the gravel and black sand.    This method has been in vogue for many years,  I washing having been done there in tlie  ! early sixties, some of the original  min-  I ers still residinglat Edmonton.    One of  I these, Mi" John Gibbson. came to Ed-  | monton, overland from the south,  and  ; not oven-   the   prairie   either,   but   up  | through the mountains.    He spent some  I time in the country near Fort Steele.  j    When he first washed the sands of  i the Saskatchewan, as high  as $24  had  i been made in some days, anel their av-  ; erag'* was  !?'!.") to  $20 per  day.    There  were, some   of   the   bars   of   tlie   river  known to lie g ikI and   rhese.   were   the  ; only ones work,-el.    When the washing  : got down as low as $'>   to   8s   per   day  i Mr. Gibbson left off washing, as it  did  not pay owing to the very high  expenses at that time.    In exploring the river uo   and   down,   Mr.   Gibbson   and  others discovered that it is possible to  get above anel below the golel bearing  j reaches of the river, some".   100. or   L'io  j miles above and less than, that below  | Edmonton covering the.  territory  very  nearly.  Since the days of the best paying-  work on the river, successive sets of  miners have turned the same bars over  and over, anel the poorer bars have  been worked also. Each succeeding*  spring* freshet and summer high water  have exposed new surfaces or made  new deposits of black sand, which have  renewed the possibility of making' at  least wages. Many a poor man has  made enough to tide him 'over, and not  a few have made some money and are  even yet doing* so with the hand grizzly.   " ���  During the last two or   three years a  revolution in the method of washing- in  the Saskatchewan has been   instituted.  The   pioneer   was   practically    Judge  Rouleau, of Calgary, whose dredge was  the first of any proportions put   on the  river.    Some'  smaller   dredges    Avith  hand power, but very little better than  the grizzly had been" tried before.   The  commencement has been  followed up  with some half dozen or   more steam  dredges some of them being verv complete in their appointments.     During  the past season several Omaha gentlemen representing different companies  have   had dredges built and various  styles of machinery  have been put in,  some even having a small dynamo and  electric plant.     Just what results these  have made is known only to the proprietors, but it is  the general opinion  that the investments have not yet paid  very   well   on   these   more expensive  machines.  Judge Rouleau's location is some 75  miles up the river from Edmonton.  This summer a grant of HO miles was  made to Seigneur Drolet, an eastern  gentleman. His grant is what is known  as a subaqueous claim, taking in that  part of the bed of the river comprised  between points taken at two feet below  low water mark. This leaves shore  and oar claims held previously by others not interfered with. At least that  is the proposition but some of the others  interested hardly agree- The amount  of capital invested is proof of what the  Eosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring  their families.  Eosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Eosebery  Men are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about; to be erected.  Eosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Eosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Eosebery  Terms, $ cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent.  Has often been electrified  by the wonderful bargains  offered from time to time bv  ry  people with something to sell,  but it remains for   to exceed all such propositions. For the sum of $5.00  ���any kind of a live that will  be recognized in monetary  circles���we will send The  any address in  one year and a  Ledge   to  America for  box of 50 Trail Blazer Ciff'ars.  gentle and  Do you want Ink?  Do you want Type ?  Do you want Stereo Plates ?  Do you want to trade Presses ?  Do you want to trade Paper Cutters ?  Do vou want Anything" in the way  of Printing Material.  CorSi&�� theToronto Type  foundry Co.,Ltd.  J.CCR0ME, Agent,  cyft Cordova Street,  JZ,U       VANCOUVER, B.C.  Ponder over this  refined reader, and send the  $5; before this magnificent  chance fades into the oblivion of past opportunities.. .  R.  T.   LOWERY.  n <B"tM"'ua '���mirtjiMgwff'qBEi'a' ���vtawngBg^am i ��m "ust ���emii,uju"u>im vusumma ^wpy^gggr*"1 -<wEar^HQir^p<tiCT'u<  ff^^f-fffffffff^ffffffff^ff^fffffff  To Prospectors  and Claim Owners  Mining Properties of  all kinds wanted for  English market.  Senel full particulars to  RICHARD   I'LEWMAN  Mining Broker, I'. O. Box 7nG,  Rossiand, B. ('  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. 0. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills.  OURNE  Noav, children," saiel the Colonel in ; opinion of the richness of the sands is  the course of his lucid exegesis, point  ing through the window toward the  railroad, which passed quite near the  little log schoolbouse, "what is that we  see out there crossing the creek on n  bride?"  *;A railroad,-' answered all the school  with vociferous unanimity.  "Ah"' And how do you know it is a  railroad?"  "Because we can see it."  "Very good," smiled the Colonel.  "Now, what railroad is it?"  "TheN. &N."  "How do you know it is? You can't  se'.e *N. & X." written on it anywhere,  can you?"  **\ii. sir: the teacher told u^.-'  There was  irreal   unaniniirv   mi   thi-.  The gold is all  and float g'old,  in the mind of experts  what is known as' flour  being very tine, no coarse gold having  been found. The form in which it occurs makes it very difficult to save and  it is thought that even the dredges wash  over quite a percentage. The method  of saving has hitherto been by the  quicksilver amalgam process. Each of  the American firms is supposed to have  a special process of their own, which, if  known, is probably the cyanide process.  One gentleman has established himself  in the business of buying the black  sand either before or after the quicksilver process has been used on it. The  golel washed from the Saskatchewan  yearly is about 850.000. The origin or  source of the gold deposits is a question  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE is liei'i-liy -j-ivon that fin elavs after elate  I'I I intend to anply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following parcel of land situated on the  east side of Slocan Lake, Slocan Mining Divisiem,  West Kootenay District, commencing at the  southwest post of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,  thence running north 40 chains, thence running  west to the Xakusj) & Slocan Railway right of  way, thence running south along the line of the  Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of wnv to the  northwest comer of the townsite; of Rosebery,  thence o."��t to tl;c point of commencement, containing ��0acres, nunc en- less.  Dated, Nov. "Htli.58'17.  A. ci*. GiOORGE HAMMERSLAY.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  First-class  brick on hand  and shipped  to any part of  the   country.  GrOETTSCHE & MAGNUSON,Props  THE SILVERTON MINER'S UNION  *- No. 71,  w.  -**--.  *m.  Meets every Saturday night.  C.   McNIOHOLLS.    I'resident  CHAS.   BRAND, Secretary.  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS.  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES.  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS,  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC..  AT LOWEST PRICES.  New Denver, B. C  The  BriM   LONDON, ENG.  SubsCT"''"      ���"   Columbia  Review s  Subscription. !S".50 per annum  To    Brokers,    Mining  ".engineers, owners of  Mining claims,  Min-  ig  Engineers. Assayers.  Journalists and others": ���  ST RAT HERN.  J"e"V\7"eler  KASLO CITY.  Adverti.Hu in lh<>   B.   C. Review,    The  only   representative    Ii.    C   Journal    in  Kumpe.     A Q0()(1 investment  F. LO CASTO,  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectioner}*.  ^;(x  '5*  ��i!l((3��!l.l(��.��UI(����!'..  DR. A. MILLOl  r9t5i  1*9  B.C!  The only Practical Watchmaker in the Kootenay District. Orelers by mail -cceive protnp  attention.  ALL WORK GUARANTEED  Room 17, Black's Hotel.  Sandon.  mm  i��  is  ��0/JMS* THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  ^ifth Yea  [Copyright, 1897, by the Author.]  CHAPTER I.  Why he shoulel, have chosen such a  6pot for his dwe'liiug no one cculd imagine. The "Valley of Death," the old  Spanish settlers had called it, and it deserved its title, for a more utterly hopeless, desolate, barren region was not to  be found in all Arizona. Within 15 minutes' ride from the fort there were half  a dozen excellent "sections" supplied  with abundance of rich bottom grass,  wood and water, any one of which he  might have had for tbe taking, to say  .. nothing of contiguity to the post���no  omuii matter ia a Qflflfltry aiijaie any  day in the year one might be called upon  to defend one's lifo and property against  the very worst savages on the globe.  But Omer ignoretl all such considerations, A deputation, of which I was  one, went out from the fort one day to  warn him against the folly of his course.  He received us with grave courteBy, listened to what we had to urge, but politely declined our advice. The spot he had  chosen suited his purpose, h6 said, and  he saw no reason to change.  We argued with, him, representing  his exposed situation, the absolute certainty, sooner or later, of a visit from  the marauding Apaches, whioh of course  meant robbery, arson and murder and  the impossibility of timely aid from the  fort, but argument, warning and remonstrance were vain. He was inflexible, and we retired in a dudgeon, for he  very frankly intimated that he was not  at all grateful for our interference and  .preferred to be left strictly to himself.  He had selected a dwelling place which  he believed neither whites nor Indians  would dispute with him, and all that he  asked was to be let alone. So he told us  in plain terms.  He had built himself a hut of split  cypress logs chinked with clay and  thatched with the broad, tough leaves  of the sand palm, whose thick, oily  fronds shed water like glass. The hut���  jacale, the Mexicans call it���was divided into two apartments, the larger occupied by his .mustang and the smaller  by himself and his setter dog. Other  companions he had none.  I caught a glimpse of some books in  a rack against the wall. There were an  inkstand, pens and paper upon his pine  table, under which were carelessly huddled a Winchester repeater, an ammunition belt, a hunting knife and a huge  revolver. He wore a cheap flannel shirt,  rough trousers thrust into common,  awkward boots heavily spurred and a  cheap slouch felt hat, but I detected a  unit of fine black cloth hanging in a  corner of the room, and there were  other evidences of past refinement about  the place, more or less hidden, but still  evident to an observant eye.  "Confound the fellow!" growled  Lieutenant Reed as we rode homeward  discomfited and irritated. "He will lose  his scalp one of these days. Serve him  right, too, the obstinate beggar! But  there is something about the man I like  in spite of his airs. I'd give a month's  pay to know his past history."  "Perhaps it's the old sordid story,"I  suggested. "A scrape of some kind.  Short in his accounts, a sudden exit,  and all the rest of it."  "No," replied Reed positively, "I am  sure it's not that. He is no common  rascal. I'd stake my commission on  that."  I agreed with him, and our rebuff  only stimulated my curiosity the more  and made me the more determined to  penetrate the mystery surrounding the  strange man living alone out there in  the "Valley of Death." A week later I  rode to Omer's jacale   by  myself.    He  io its sheath, then, turning sharp upon  me, said in a stern, abrupt tone:  "Well, sir, what do yon want?"  I   was  so  disconcerted   that for  the  moment I had no answer ready.  "Why do you come here," he went  on, "when I have given it to be uuder-  ctoeid with sufficient plainness that I  desire no visitors?"  " You are hardly courteous, sir," I  manured to reply stiffly.  "I have no intention of being so," he  said in the same uncompromising tone.  "I wish to see nobody. I wish to be loft  entirely to myself. I established myself  in this barren spot hoping that I should  escape intrusion upon my privacy, but  it seems that I am to be persecuted by  every impertinent idler who takes it info his head to force himself upon me."  "You have said quite enough, sir," I  retorted contemptuously. "You are  upon your own ground here, and I am  an intruder, as you intimate, though I  trust not an impertinent one. I beg  your pardon and bid you good day."  He colored and looked uncomfortable,  but saiel nothing, as I turned and walked  quietly to where my horse was fastened.  As I was preparing to mount, however,  he called to me in an altered tone:  "Wait a moment, sir. I ask your  pardon most sincerely. I am conscious  that I have treated you very shabbily.  There are reasons"���he broke off and  added���"but accept my apologies and do  me the favor to enter my house, such  as it is."  His conciliatory manner backed by  my consuming curiosity placated me  very readily: I turned back and accepted his offered hand. "Come in," he  said. "Your ride must have given you  an appetite, and if you can put up with  an antelope steak broiled upon the  coals join me at dinner. I can offer you  no better fare."  I think my frank acceptance of his  invitation did more to establish friendly relations between us than any amount  of talk would have done. I ate his  antelope steak with hearty appreciation. After an hour's conversation, during which I learned no more of his past  history than I knew at the beginning,  I bade him farewell and rode away.  He invited nie to come again, but  begged me to keep my visits a secret  from my fellow officers at the fort. Otherwise, he added, with a melancholy  smile, he would be forced to pull up  stakes and seek seclusion still deeper in  the heart of the desert.  Dour anotner courier had arrived from  the eastward with the information that  our colonel, with his wife and daughter, was en his way to the post.  A messenger on tbe buck of a fleet  iv.ustung hael been dispatched to warn  him of the danger, so that he might not  uueiertake the journey from the station  at. Guadalupe over a region sure to be  infested by the Indians before he could  reach the fort. But ihoso of us who  knew Colonel Montgomery had little  expectation that our warning would  affect him, except indeed to confirm him  in his determination to make the trip,  for in plain truth there was not a more  obstinate,'pigheaded old fellow in the  service. He hael but to receive a word  of advice, howsoever respectfully worded, from an inferior to decide him immovably against it. Moreover, he knew  nothing of Indian warfare, his new appointment to our post being his first  command beyond the Mississippi, but  for that very reason he would be the  more certain to resent suggestions from  those whose experience' might have  taught him something.  "Ho will be sure to try it," grumbled  Reed, "and beforo tomorrow night that  devil Colorado will be in the Skano  pass. A little scalping might do the  old fool good, but I am thinking of the  women."  The result of our council was that I  started at daybreak on the following  morning with a trocp to effect if possible the rescue of the colonel and his  party.  "I question if you will get there in  time,'' said Reed. " It will be touch and  go anyway. But you can try it. If he  loses his hair and the women are carried off, he'llhave nobody to blame but  himself."  We had ridden hard for four hours  without meeting with any disturbing .  sign, when Sergeant Jennings, who  was acting as advance guard and guide,  brought us to a sudden halt. He had  dismounted and was bending over some  object in the short turf, I got out of the  saddle and joined him.  "What is it?" I asked.  "A white man has been over this route  not two hours ahead of us," he replied.  "Who is he?"  "Why not an Indian?" I inquired,  studying the deeply indented track.    "I  r  "Well, sir, what do you want?"  was  at  home, engaged   in skinning  a  jreshly killed   antelope before the door  of his hut, while the hungry dog sat by,  expectant of his share.  He gave me a cold and frowning reception, but I was prepared for that and  seated myself uninvited upon a horse-  hide stool to wait until he should have  finished his work. I uttered some commonplaces as to the weather in the effort to open a conversation, but hn  vouchsafed no reply, going on methodically with his occupation in scowling  silence.  When he had completed his ta.sk, he-  arose, wined, his knife and thrust it in-  CHAPTER II.  I kept his counsel and thereafter made  a practice  of riding out to his jacale  once or twice a week.  He always welcomed me as if glad to  see me. and I think he really came to  like me. But I made no advance in his  confidence. The smallest allusion to the  past turned him cold and stern in an instant. I gathered from his talk that he  had once been well to do, had occupied  some station in the world and was not  ignorant of the customs of good society.  But beyond that I could not lead him by  my most cautious and skillful diplomacy.  Once indeed I caught a glimpse of his  secret, though so vague that it revealed  nothing, through an outbreak of passion  which really deepened the mystery.  I had been pressing him to give up  his unsocial habits and to visit the post.  We had a small contingent of ladies  there, I told him, wives and relatives of  the officers, who would be pleased to  add him to the number of their friends.  He smiled, but shook his head in his  obstinate way.  "Come, now," I said persuasively.  "You will find yourself a favorite, I assure you. Besides, we have just instituted a tennis club, and you would be  exactly the man"���  I stopped short, literally appalled by  the change in his features. His face became livicl, he started to his feet and  stared at me with an expression of mingled rage and misery.  "Tennis!" he rather shrieked than  said. "You invite me to take part in  that infernal pastime, which has made  me what I am, an outcast, a homeless  wanderer on tbe face of the earth, which  has deprived me of everything I held  dear on earth!"  "But tennis!" I replied in utter  amazement. "Surely so innocent and  harmless an amusement"���  "Innocent! Harmless!" he repeated.  "Man, it has made me a criminal worse  than a murderer. It has devoted me  ���"���"���hilf! I live to endless, hopeless remorse. ''  I could do nothing but gaze at him  in helpless wonder. He saw the effect  of his raving upon me, for he controlled  himself with a great effort and sank  back into his seat, wiping the drops of  sweat from his forehead.  "Pardon me," he said faintly. "I  must seem a madman to you, but I  have associations of the- most painful  kind with that amusement." I saw  that he could not bring himself to utter  the name. "Please forget what I have  said and do not mention that���that subject again."  I promised and left him, considerably  upset by my experience.  On my return to tbe fort I found the  garrison in a state of unwonted excitement. A runner had brought in the  news that Chief Colorado and his  Apaches had again broken out from  their mountain fastnesses and were  burning, destroying and murdering in  their customary  fashion.    Within    the  ���m'Mm  "What is it?" I asked.  see it is a  shod   hoof, but  that  is no  proof.    Two-thirds of   the Apaches ride  stolen horses."  "True enough," responded the sergeant, leading me a few steps farther on.  "But what do you say to this?" And he  pointed to the fresh and sharply outlined print of a boot ..sole. His. horse  picked up a stone here, and he got down  to dig it out. He broke his jackknife in  doing it. See!" He held up a bit of  pointed steel. "Then he spurred on  apain like mad. Look!" There were  blood flecks upon the leaves of the  hazels in the narrow passage through  which the animal had been urged at a  furious pace, as was evident from the  torn sod and splintered branches.  I thought of Omer at once. He was  the only white man not a resident of  the fort within many miles. But why  should Omer be riding at headlong  speed away from the post, the only  haven of safety in the whole region,  and directly toward the point of utmost  danger? I could not make it out, but  all the same I was quite satisfied in my  own mind that it was Omer.  I gave tho word, and we rode on  again, pausing at intervals, but only  long enough to give the men and animals the rest and refreshment they absolutely required. At every few miles  the keen eyes of Sergeant Jennings  would detect traces of the mysterious  white man who seemed to be acting as  our avant courier.  At 4 o'clock in the afternoon our tired  horses labored to tbe brow of a hill  which gave us a view of the narrow  cleft in the mountains known as Skaue  pass. Iu the intervening valley no signs  of life were visible, but far off among  the wooded heights faint spirals of blue  smoke were rising in the clear air.  "Indian smokes," pronounced Serjeant Jennings, "signals calling together the scattered gangs of cutthroats.  They have sighted the colonel's party;  that's sure."  "What is that black smoke down  there in the pass?" I asked.  ���'That is the poor fool colonel's camp-  fire, " he replied, with a hopeless shrug  of his burly shoulders. "He hasn't sense  enough not to use greenwood; might  "just as well get out on a peak with a  frumpet and shout: 'Here I am! Come  and kill me!' But look���look at that!';  He caught my arm in his excitement  and pointed to a shape, dwarfed almost  to a speck by distance���a man on horseback galloping toward the pass.  "That's our man!" I exclaimed.  "Forward, boys. We may not be able  to save the colonel and his party, but  let us try at least to drop a few of those  scoundrels before they get clear away."  CHAPTER III.  V^e went on again at; a rapid trot, auu  shortly after sunset we were  mounting  the rugged trail leading to the pass.  While we were stumbling up the stony  trae.-k, guiding our panting horses, here  beneath a lofty, overhanging wall and  there around the brink of an unfathomable abyss, an uproar of shouts, cries  and rifle shots burst out, apparently a  few hundred yards beyond.  Forgetting all prudence, I dug spurs  into my horse and rode recklessly up the  path, followed by my troopers as reckless as myself.  In two minutes ve came to an open  plateau broadly illuminated by the  newly risen moon where, amid the  il:i:-h' of firearms, the glint of waving  steel and yells whioh would huve made  fcmsic for a carnival of fiends, a score of  ���lark figures were struggling and whirling to and fro around a small group,  one or two of whn.ni wore the light, fluttering garb of women.  I saw one of the shapes on horseback  bend down rind drag one of the females  to his pommel. Then another figure on  foot darted toward him. There was a  double stream of red fire, and the shape  on horseback threw up a pair of naked  brown arms and pitched headforemost  to the earth. The figure on foot assisted  the femalo to the ground, then clasping  both hands before his face sank in a  heap,at her feet.  The whole of this picture impressed  itself upon my brain in a succession of  lightning flashes. Then I was in the  midst of the melee. I have no clear  memory of what came after. I recall  only a confused plunging of infuriated  horses, a wheeling and slashing of sabers, the reports of carbines and revolvers, a trooper rearing his charge to  make a down blow here, another bending far out of the saddle to deliver a  thrust there, myself in the heart of it  all, working away, doubtless with zeal  commendable in a young officer.  The skirmish was a matter of less  than ten minutes. When we had sent  those of the Apaches who were not left  dead or wounded upon the field scrambling up the heights for their miserable  lives, we pulled ourselves together and  began to take note of our own condition.  One of my troopers was badly hurt in  the side with a lance thrust, another's  leg had been broken by a ball, and two  or three were grumbling over flesh  wounds more painful than dangerous.  Altogether we had come off very well.  The colonel had behaved like the obstinate, narrow minded, but heroic old  soldier that he was, and now stood  leaning upon his saber, waiting to receive my respects, which I paid him in  due form.  "You have done well, sir," he condescended to remark, "very well, indeed. Not that I needed your help. No,  sir, we should have thrashed* them all  the same"���which was not true���"but  I thank you, lieutenant."  A woman's voice crying out in an  anguished tone: "Father! Father! Ho  is dead! Come here!" interrupted our  conference.  We hurried to where a number of  troopers, some bearing torches ignited  at the smoldering campfire, had gathered about a prone figure, whose head  was supported upon a girl's knee. The  man's face was so covered with blood  from a wound that I did not recognize  him at first. He Avore civilian's dress,  and his rigid hand still clutched a revolver.  "Hello!" cried the colonel, his generous feelings in the ascendant for once.  "That is the brave fellow who gave us  warning of tlie attack! He fought like a  paladin. I never saw such utter reckless  gallantry, and I have seen soma pretty  rough fighting in my time too. A civilian at that! I sincerely hope he is not  badly hurt."  "Dead! Dead!" sobbed the girl heart-  brokenly. "He saved me at tbe sacrifice  of his own life."  "No, miss," said Sergeant Jennings,  who had been examining the insensible  figure; "badly wounded, but still  alive."  "Oh, thank and bless you for those  words!" cried the girl, raising her white  face and pushing back her loosened hair.  Then, by the flare of the torches, I  saw that she was one of the loveliest  beings I had ever beheld; that she would  have been well nigh perfect in face, as  she vas in figure, but for one sad defect  ���she was blind of one eye.  "Tho ball struck him just hereon the  temple," said Jennings. "It's an ugly  wound, but there is a good chance for  him to pull through."  Murmuring again, "Bless and thank  yen," the girl bent over him and wiped  the blood from his face with her handkerchief.  "It is odd," said the colonel. "I seem  to know that young man, but I cannot  place him. There was something familiar in his voice, too, as he came rushing  in before the skirmish."  "Look, father," replied his daughter,  turning the unconscious face more to  the light of the torches.  "Henry Omerl" ejaculated the colonel. And at the same instant I recognized my mysterious friend.  "What does it mean?" continued tbe  fjolonel, with an expression of mingled  trouble and perplexity in his grizzled  features. "He was thought to be dead."  "And dead he will be," interposed  Sergeant Jennings bluntly, "if we don't  get him to the fort as soon as possible. "  The necessary orders were issued,  and half an hour later, with our wounded bestowed upon improvised stretchers,  we took up our march for the post.  Agnes Montgomery rode close beside th *  litter upon which Omer, still insensible,  Was borne. At every halt she dismounted and hung over him until the journey  was resumed.  We reached the fort without annoyance from the Apaches, and Omer was  installed in the colonel's quarters, under the surgeon's care, with Agnes for  nurse. For a week he lay hovering between life and death, then was pronounced out of danger.  One day I was sent for to the colonel's  dwelling. Propped upou pillows, looking woefully haggard and weak, with v.  bandage covering one eye, I foune>  Qmer.    Standing at his  bedside, clasp  ing ore ol liis thin Hands in Doth of  bers, was Agues Montgomery, looking  wan and worn, too, but I thought there  was something of quiet happiness  mingled with the divine pity of her expression. I noted that she wore glasses,  so that the defective eye was scarcely  observable.  Omer smiled faintly as I approached  him and held out his other hand. I uttered some words of sympathy for his  misfortune and congratulated him upon  t*is escape from a worse fate.  " You may well congratulate me," be  "for I am  the happiest  man  on  DEFENDED HIMSELF.  COST  BANDMANN "A  HUNDRED   AND  FIFTY,   BUT WAS WORTH   IT."  "But you do not know,7' added Agnes.  earth, I fully believe.   The doctor tella  me I shall lose the sight of one eye."  "But that, it seems tome"���I began dubiously.  "Ihe very reason,"' he interrupted.  "Yes, the loss of this eye is a reparation"���  "Oh, Henry!" the girl exclaimed in  a pained voice.  "It is  so, Agues," he said, with  a  tender smile.    "I feel  thatProvidenoe  has dealt  not only  justly, but  kindly,  with me    J have paid 'an eye for  an  eye,' and I am only too happy that the  price has been accepted."   Turning to  me,   ho  continued:   "I  am Btill  very  weak'and must confine my explanation  to  a very  few  words, leaving  you  to  guess the rest.  It was at a game of tennis"���his features contracted  as he uttered the word���"that  by an   unlucky  blow, clumsy brute that I was���I���I in  jurcd the  eye  of  the woman I   loved  more than life.    When  I  learned   that  tho sight of  it was  gone forever, I became mad for a time, I think.  I fled far  and fast.   I traveled I know not where,  until at length I  found a  place  in the  cdesert where  I meant to  drag   out the  remainder  of  my miserable existence.  You wondered why I  would  not  take  your well   meant  warning  about   the  Apaches.   Well, in  my  secret  heart I  welcomed tbe idea that a savage's lance  migbt put a period to my wretchedness.  When I learned from one of  your  fort  messengers who  stopped   to  water his  horse at my   place of  the Apache  outbreak and the coming of Colonel Montgomery and his family, I was tilled with  terror  and   delight���terror   for   their  peril  and   delight  at the hope   that  I  might  perhaps  sacrifice myself  in the  effort for their rescue.    I did   not  join  your troop, because I knew  your movements must necessarily be  slower than  mine.   I counted upon warning the colonel's party and  holding the Indians in  check until  you could  come  up.    You  know what happened."  "But you do not know," added Agnes, blushing, yet proudly, "that I  loved him always; that I felt more sorrow for him than I did for myself, and  that tho bitterest hour of my life was  when the report reached me that he  was dead, as the happiest was"���she  hid her face upon his pillow���"when I  knew that ho had not perished in my  defense, but would live to be my own  by a double tie. "  "An eye for an eye," murmured  the  patient, with a fond smile.  Theu I discreetly withdrew.  THE END.  The Western Saddle.  Be  it known that he who has ridden  only on an  English  pigskin   will  find  that there are things he has no  knowledge of when first he throws a leg over  the stock saddle of the west, and  when  he   has  seen   a   broncho  buster  ride a  bucking mustang oh its native heath he  must  admit that, although the cowboy  may be neither neat nor well mannered,  he could yet give points  on  rough riding to those who follow the foxhounds.  As   the cowboy's  mode  of riding is  distinctive, so  is  his  horse  furniture,  and it is admirably adapted to his particular needs.  Tke stock saddle, for instance, is as different from the English  hunting or park saddle as  a  park drag  is from   a   trotting  sulky.    Yet each is  perfectly   suited   to  the   purposes    for  which it was designed.   The stock saddle   is  of  Spanish-American birth and  must  be  heavily   built,   sometimes 40  pounds in weight, in order   to have the  requisite strength, for the high horn  or  pommel is necessary  to  the cowboy in  all the uses of the lariat, or "rope," as  it is now almost universally called, and  thus it is required  to  stand  the  most  sudden and severe strains.    The rope is  a  very  essential   article  of   the    cow  puncher's equipment.    It  is ordinarily  about  40  feet long and can be thrown  With accuracy   perhaps  30  feet by the  average puncher, although some use  it  effectively at a distance of *0 or 16 feet  farther if its length   is  proportionately  greater. In catching stock or in hauling  anything, be it a mired wagon, a bogged  steer or wood for the campfire, the rope  is given a double turn around the horn,  and the saddle mnst be strong indeed to  endure  such work.    Moreover, it must  be   tightly girthed  over the heavy saddle blankets, and this calls for the cumbersome  cinch  rigging, which in most  parts  of    the   west  is  double.���Allan  Hendricks in Lippincott's.  How Clay Clement Became an Expert  Swordsman���After the Initial Encounter  the Tragedian Forgot All Abont the Expensive Training.  Clay Clement is one of the most expert swordsmen on the American stage.  His proficiency with the broadsword is  due to a long course of training which  he took many years ago under rather  peculiar circumstances.  Young Clement carried a letter of introduction to Daniel Bandmann, the  tragedian, and asked for an engagement. The old man was charmed with  Clement's reading of Shakespeare and  after a long elocutionary trial remarked  iu a rich brogue: "My poy, I think you  vill do. You are engarched. But, tell  me, are you able to defent yourself?"  "Why, yes; I guess so," doubtfully  replied the young aspirant. "I don't  know. I never had a fight in my life,  but I think I could take care of myself  in"a pinch."  "Veil," continued Bandmann, "you'11  haf to. I vant a man who can fight.  Yen I play Richard, eet makes me sick  ���pah���if I must be kilt by a Richmond  who could not kill a cheeken in real  life. Yen I am Macbeth, vy shoult I be  kilt by a fellow who could not carve a  cheese? I am tired of et all. You must  defent yourself. Do you know tho broat-  sword?"  "Well, no���I don't," admitted Clement. "But couldn't I learn?" he added  eagerly.  "Ha,yes���inspee-ration!" cried Bandmann. "You shall learn. Do you know  my frient Colonel Monstery of Chicago!  No? Neffer mind; I gif you a letter to  him."  Turning to a writing desk, Bandmann wrote a letter of introduction  and filled out a check for $25.  "Gif dose to my frient Monstery,"  he saiel, "and he vill show you how you  shall defent yourself. That check vill  pay for 25 lessons. If you feel you need  more lesson, my letter say you shall  take as many more as you like and the  bill I vill pay. But, remember! You  must fight; if not, I think I vill keel  you���yes."  Clement came to Chicago to begin instruction. In this city he met several  actors who formerly had been members  of Baneimann's company. They all told  the same story. The tragedian, they  said, was a most dangerous antagonist  in a stape duel, and very ofen forgot  his.'suru'i'nuings and put up a real  fight. If his Opponent showed the white  feather, the old man would "fly into a  paroxysm of rage and fight like a demon. On more than one occasion he had  completely driven Richmond and Mao-  duff off the stage.  These stories scared Clement barf to  death. He began to regard his training  as a life and death matter, undertaken  strictly in self defense. At the end of  the 25 lessons he felt that he was only  a beginner in swordsmanship, and instruction was continued week after  week throughout the entire summer.  On the opening night of Bandmann's  next season a letter was handed to the  tnif-cdian. It contained a bill "for professional ins-tructioii in sword practice  ���extra i(!-:eiis for Mr. Clement on account of Mr. Bandmann���$150."  The olel man gasped. "Vot!" he  cried. "Are you drunk or am I crazyr  A hundred fifty tollar! How ees eet;  How can it pe?"  "Well, you sent me to Colonel Monstery yourself and gave him carte  blanche to teach mo as long as I needed  instruction," explained Clement.  "Oh, my poy, my poy!" exclaimed  Bandmann. "I sent you to Monstery���  yes���but I deed not tell you to leeve  with heem."  Suddenly the old man stopped.  "Veil," he said, "howeezeet? Canyon  defent yourself?"  "I'll try," was the calm reply.  "So vill I,"  sententiously remarked  Bandmann.  That night when Richard faced Richmond on Bosworth field there was a  baleful gleam in th�� crooked backed  monarch's eyes which noneof the company ever had observed before. He  sprang at his antagonist like a catamount; two swords clashed and a shower of sparks gave evidence of the force  which sent tfrein together. Then followed what was probably the prettiest and  most scientific sword fight ever seen on  the American stage. The old man fought  wickedly, dangerously,desperately. The  aggressor, at first, he pressed his young  antagonist hard. The air was filled with  sparks from the circling swords and the  clash of steel was almost continuous.  Then Clement began work in earnest.  Step by step the bloody monarch was  forced backward, anel his blows were  parried and beaten down, until at last,  from sheer exhaustion, his grip was  loosened and a deft blow sent his sword  flying into the wings. A moment later  Richmond's victorious troops were  cheering over the death of Gloster and  the play was ended.  A couple of solicitous actors helped  Bandmann to his lee-t. Panting and almost breathless, he flung his arms about  Clement, kissed him on both cheeks and  exclaimed, "It e:ost me a hundret and  fifty, but it was wort' it."���Chicago  Times-Herald.  In a church in Dublin the choir was  Btartled during the singing of the  psalm by the appearance of the organ  blower's head, who shouted: "Sing like  blazes!   The bellows is bu'sted!"  Experiments with plants tend to  show that in clear weather the evaporation by uipht. as compared to that  which takes piace in the day appears to  be in the ratio of one to five. .  In Bavaria tbe title of prince only  costs-Jo.000 and that of lord $2,500,  while a simple "von" may be pur��  chased for $"76. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  THICK Y BABY PETE.  BE GOOD   TO ONE  ANOTHER  HE   COMMITTED   THE   THEFTS    FOR  WHICH  A  MAN WAS DISCHARGED.  A Kliduig-ht Adventure In the Winter  Quarters of an Elephant Herd ��� How  Sly I'ete Got Away From His Stake and  Stole a Bag of Oats.  Pete is the baby elephant of one of  the big circus herds. During his confinement in winter quarters he played a  trick on his keeper, which the man relates as follows:  "Pete is a tiny little fellow and does  Dot weigh more than 600 or 800 pounds,  but I actually believe he would eat as  tnany pounds of oats if  he  had  access  to them.    The elephant house was dark  one night, and I supposed every one  of  the animals was sound asleep, when my  attention was  attracted   by a subdued,  rasping noise, apparently coming  from  the farther end of the big herd. Instead  of walking down in front of them all,  I went around aud came in at the other  end.     Hiding    behind   some  bales  of  straw, I peered cautiously over to where  the little rascal was churned, aud there  he was, carefully lifting his  stake  out  of the ground. I saw in an instant that  . he had  had  tho  stake  out before that  time, for all he had to do was to lift it  up and it came out.  He slipped his foot  chain down over the tapering end of the  stake anel was free.  "Across the room, distant perhaps 20  feet or more from his place, were piled  some sacks of grain, containing about  100 pounds each. Picking up the foot  chain very carefully with his trunk, so  that it would not rattle or jangle upon  the floor, he begun the most delicate,  sinuous, gliding motion across the space  that separated him from the grain I  ever saw, and I never imagined an elephant could go so quietly. I crouched  behind the bales of straw, afraid to move  '���'   for fear he would hear me and stop.  "On he went, cautiously, slowly, but  steadily, until he was within  reaching  distance of the sacked grain.   Then he  laid   the  chain down  and picked up a  bag of oats with his trunk.  His journey  back  to the  herd, 20 feet away,  was  performed  even more  cautiously than  had been  his  advance, for  he  had to  drag the chain without making a noise.  All the time he held the sack of  grain  tightly  in  his  trunk, and  his  mouth  must have watered when he thought of  the  feast he was  going  to  have.    He  reached the herd at last and went up to  great  big  Babylon, who stood   like  a  bronze statue, her  massive sides looming up like  the sides of a house in the  gloom.   Pete   stopped,   and   Babylon,  whom I had imagined fast asleep, took  the oats.   They got into the bag in a  jiffy and then began a feast. Pete filled  his  mouth  and  munched  away like a  man   eating dry crackers on a wager.  He knew  that his  big  companion  in  crime would get the most of the oats if  he lost, any time. Babylon put away almost half the oats at the first jump out  of the  box, and  poor little Pete, with  his mouth  full, looked at  her with his  watery little  eyes, as  much   as to say,  'Oli, what a hoy!'   and gulped   the oats  down   his  littio  throat  at the risk  of  <  choking to death.  "I thought it was -ibout time to make  a noise, just to disconcert them.    I had  seen enough to assure-! me that a hostler  who had been   discharged hadn't  been  instrumental   in   the   disappearance of  divers and sundry bags of  oats, and, as  I walked around  toward the other  end  of tho elephant house, I wondered what  I should do to punish the thieves.    The  big   one  had  had   a  painful operation  performed   a  few mouths before, audi  thought,  that  any sight  of the instruments that had been  used at that  time  would give her a good fright.    When I  had reached  my own  sleeping room, I  purposely made  a  noise and heard the  shuffling sounds of sly little Pete as he  shambled back tu his place.    He picked  his stake up, put it down in the ground,  and would have put it through the ring  in the chain if he had had time.   When  I came   along, he was  leaning  against  the wall  asleep.   I gave him a gentle  prod, and he awakened  suddenly, with  that sleepy stare that a person has when  awakened  from slumber.    But he soon  knew that I was on to him, for, when I  ordered   him  to  open  his   mouth,   he  didn't want to do it. He finally obeyed,  and   there  were  the  oats.    His mouth  was jammed full of them.   I didn't do  anything  to  him, but walked over  to  big Babylon.   She was his partner in  crime, but she was playing possum too.  "I had a good deal of trouble to wake  her up and more to make her open her  mouth.  Much to her chagrin, I imagine,  it was full of oats, and  she had   the  empty sack closely rolled up and packed  in with them.    She  was  sheepish   and  ashamed, I assure you, if ever  an elephant put on that expression.    To punish her I ordered her  to  sit  down and  open  her mouth and made a motion as  if to pass a great pair of forceps into it,  which had been used  during the operation I referred to.    She shut her mouth  -<nd cried like a baby, and was so thoroughly frightened   that she never trespassed again.  But that sly little Pete���  why, he is more trouble than the entire  herd, and he just gets  loose  whenever  he wants to."���St. Louis Globe-Democrat.  Dear little children, where'er you be,  Who Are watched and cherished tenderly  By father and mother,  Who are comforted by the love that lies  In the kindly depths of a sister's eyes  Or the helpful words of a brother,  I charge you by the years to come,  When some shall bo far away from your home  And some shall be gone forever,  By all you will have: to feel at the last,  When you stand alone and think of the past*  That you speak unkindly never.  For cruel words���nay, even less,  Words spoken only in thoughtlessness  Nor kept against you after,  If they made the face of a mother sad,  Or a tender sister's heart less glad,  Or checked a,brother's laughter���  Will rise again, and they will be heard.  And every thoughtless, foolish word  That ever your lips have spoken  Af'.'er the lapse of years and years  Will wring from you such bitter teara  As fall when the heart is broken.  Dear little, innocent, precious ones,  Bo loving, dutiful daughters and sons  To father and to mother,  And to save yourselves )i om the bitter pain  That conies when n.-;.". ei and remorse are vain  Be good to one anoiher.  ���Phoebe Cary.  Recorder for a certificate of improvements lor  the purpose of obtaining- a Crown Grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this lf'th dav of November, Wfi.  R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Chicago Mineral Claim.  Vancouver Fraction Mineral Claim.  Chinese Sweeta.  The Chinese aro said to possess secrets iu the preparation of sweets that  astonish our most accomplished confeo-  tioners. They know how to remove tne  pulp from oranges and substitute various jellies. The closest "examination  fails to reveal any opening or incision  in the skin of the fruit. They perform  the same feat with eggs. The shells are  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On south  side of Four Mile Creek, adjoining the. Vancouver Xo. 2 and the Zilor claims.  *PAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, act-  J_    ing as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co., free miner's certificate No. !'it20, intend  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to .the  Mining "Recorder for a certificate  of improvements," for  the purpose of obtaining a  Crown  grant of the above claim.  And further tnlo- notice that action under section 37 musi he commenced before  the issuance  of ��r.ch certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th dav of November,1X97.  R.E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Pelly Mineral]   Claim.  Situate; in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On Four  Mile Creek, near mouth of Granite Creek, adjoining the Mountain Boomer.  '["AKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer, aet-  I    ing as agent, for tint, Vancouver Group Mining Co., F. M. C. No. 91120 intend sixty days from  the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder  for ii.certificate of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further lake notice that action under section :I7 must he commenced  before the issuance  of such certificate, of improvements.  Dated this mtli day of November. 18!'7-  VR.E. PALMER, P L. S.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On top of  divide between Sandon and Cody creeks and  about one mile from mouth of Cody creek.  ���PAKENOTICE,That IA..R. Heyland.actingas  L agent for Alonzo I). Coplen. free miner's certificate No. 77,224, intend, GO days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder, for a  certificate of "improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1897.  Keno Mineral  Claiin.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.  TAKE NOTICE that I, S. P. Tuck, free  miner's certificate No. 07,382, acting; as agent  for W. P. Rustell, free miner's certificate No.  7G2fSf', intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2Gth day of Angust, 1897.  War Eagle Mineral Claim.  Situated .iu the Arrow Lake Mining Division of.  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On .Mineral Creek, a tributary of Cariboo  Creek.  *T"AKE NOTICE that I, Geo. Alexander, free  1 miner's certificate No. 74000, and as agent  for H. 13. Alexander, free miner's certificate No.  77C02, S. E. Manual, free miner's certificate No.  78270, and F. G. Fauquier, free miner's certificate  No. 78379, intend sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claiin.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.  RPASSENGERfi  U       TRAINS U  EACH   DAY.  EACH   DAY  ��� Between ���  Cube Lode Mineral Claim.  Gold Ring IVHneral Cl-iiin.  N'apici- Mineral  Claim.  Situate in the Slocan  Mining Division of West  Kootenav District.   Where located: On south  side of Four Mile Creek, adjoiningthe Mountain Bonnier on the west.  "AKE NOTICE that I,.Robert E. Palmer, acting as agent for the Vancouver Group Mining Co.; F. M. C. No. !H-i20, intend  sixty days  ipparently as intact" as when the eggs I fro,V th,e (latt! ho'.'?.of t�� i,m,I.>' ,0 *'"- Mlnm>r��5;  _*_" f_ ,  _��� i   ,    1 "*'<-"   v**^ ^6g��   corder for a certificate  (>t improvements for the  T  were newly laid, but upon breaking and  opening them the contents consist of  uut3 and sweetmeats.���New Xork Sun.  At tbe Back Door.  Tramp���Have you anything, madam,  <W spare for a poor wayfarer this morning?  Madam���Yes. You can go right  out to the wood shed and indulge in  cold chops ;uid cuts to your heart's content.���Boston Cornier:  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And furtlier take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th day of November, 1897.  R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Ilicardo Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where located:   About  ���one mile'from the Forks of  Cariboo Creek  and joining the Millie Mack mineral claim.  rpAKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  I     agent for H. C  Pollock, free miner's certificate No. 07,803. intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  a certificate of improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take  notice  that  action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of July, 1897  J. A. KIRK.  Sit.uate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On top  of divide lietween Sandon and Cody creeks  and about one mile from mouth of Cody  creek,  *TAKE NOTICE.That I, A.R.Heyland, acting as  ��� agent for Alonzo D. Coplen, free miner's certificate No, 77,221, intend, GO days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1897.  L. lS.x", Gr. 1.  Derby Mineral Claim.  On the-**.  Trail and  Rossiand  ian & Western Et  Run Made in one Hour.  at  for  IN THK MATTER OF THE "PLACER MINING ACT 'Mil' AMENDMENT ACT, 1895,"  (SECTION 18) A.ND OF THE "MINERAL ACT.  1K0G" (SECTION 101.)  Notick is hereby given that His Honour the  Lieutenant-Governor in Council has been pleased  to repeal the regulation of the llth dav of December, lS'W, with regard to relief against forfeiture  owing to the lapse of a Free Miner's Certificate  heretofore in force, and to make (he following  regulation in respect thereof, such repeal and  new regulation to take effect on the 15th day of  November, 1S!)7 :  Any person cr joint stock company, being tlie  holder of any mining property, desiring relief  against the forfeiture of his or its interest in such  property by reason of an omission to obtain a  new free miner's .certilieate on or before the dav  following the expiration of the certilieate, shall  observe the following conditions:  1. Forthwith upon ascertaining the expiry of  his certificate obtain a new one:  2. At the time of ohtainingsueh new certificate  file with the recorder issuing the same, and post  in the Record OITlce, a notice of his intention to  apply for relief:  :i. Within 30 days from such filing transmit to  the Minister of Mines the following documents  and fee:  (a.) A statutory declaration setting forth the  circumstances ol such omission, with full particulars of the mliilnsr pro- crtie< held by tlie apnli-  i-ant which would hc-iuVcti'd with forfeiture: '  'b./ A cei'iitica'r uiuli'l' the hand of the Gold,  Commissioner or Mining I'cc u-dcr of each div- j  ision wherein any of the snid properties is situate, i  that notice has been posted, and that no records !  lother than those mentioned iu the said certificate, j  if.-my.) adverse to the applicant's interest iu the  said properties have been made by him during the I  time in which the said aplicnnt was not in pos- i  session of a valid existing free miner's certificate :  Cc) A declaration by the applicant or his agent  duly cognizant ofthe location on the ground of  the applicant's properties, and the other facts  affecting thecasu. that he has searched the records  of chiim-irecorded during flic interval the,applicant was iu default, and that such claims do not  (except as may be therein stated) conflict with or  overlap any of the properties of the applicant:  (d ) The sum of live dollars.  The Minister of Mines may thereupon give instructions for the alteration of the date of the  applicant's free minor's certificate so ns to conform with the date of tlie expiration of the lapsed  certificate, and may also give instructions for  such amendment to be made lo the records affected as may be considered requisite, and any such  relief may be partial as to properties in respect  whereof relief is given, or so as to save adverse  rights acquired during the default of the applicant;.  JAMES BAKER,  Provincial Secretary and Minister of Mines.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  JCootcnay  District.    Where located:   South  side of Four Mile Creek adjoining the Zilor  on the West.  '���HAKE NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer, ac-  1    ting  as agent  for the  Vancouver   Group  Mining Co.. F. M. C. No. 9-1420, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action  tinder section .17 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 18th day of November, 1897.  'R. E. PALMER. P.L.S.  American Girl Mineral Claiin.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Wliereloeated: A.riioin-  ing the Queen Hess claim on the east about  two miles south of Three Forks.  ���"PAKE NOTICE That I, Robert. E. Palmer, ac-  1 ting as agent for Win. Glynn. F. M.C.No.  85255, and James H. Moran. F. M. C. No. 8804(i,  intend sixty days from the date hereof to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claiin.  And further take notice that action under section :i" must lie commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this llth dav of November, 1897  * R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  First Extension Mineral Claim,  Situate in the Slocan .Mining Division of West  Kootenay District; Where located: Lying  south of the Young- Dominion claim on  How-son Creek about two miles south of the  Idaho Concentrator.  rpAKI" NOTICE That I. Robert E. Palmer.  1 acting ns agent for Wm. Glynn, free miner's  certilieate No. s.f'iri. in'ciid sixty days from the  d.-.'te here >f Jo apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certific-ife of iinpr n'ttviicnts for (he pnr'iu.se of  obtaining a Crown Gran' of the ab-ive. claim.  And furtlier fake notice  that action  under section 3 7 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of niinrovements.  Dated this llth day 'of November. 1R07.  R. E. PALMER. P.L.S  [L. 1847, G. l.J  Snowflake Mineral Claiin.  Situate in tho Slocan Mining Division ol" West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoiningthe Greenhorn mineral claiin.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  whaite, free miners' certificate No.  120(3 A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of September, 1807.  EDWARD H  APPLEWHAITE.  Great Eastern Mineral Claiin.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about 1' miles southeast of Town of Sandon.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Robert E. Palmer of  1   Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No. 97435 intend 00  days from the date hereof to apply to theMin-  ingRecorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements-  R. E. PALMER., P.L.S.  Dated this 10th day of September, 1897.    selO  Wolf Mineral Claim.  Situate in tlie Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse   mountain,   one half mile  north of  Cariboo Creek.  "PAKE NOTICE that I, J". A. Kirk, acting as  1    agent for H. C. Sharp, free miner's certificate  No.    83.892   and C.   C.   Woodhouse,   jr.,   free  miner's certificate No. 3103 A, intend 60 days  from tho date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And farther take notice  that action under  section 87 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 19th. day of July. 1897.  T. A. KIRK.  Situate in theSlocnn .Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.      Where    located:���  On Carpenter Creek about half a mile above  the town of Cody and adjoining the Chambers mineral claim.  TAKE NOTICE that I, John   Hirseh, as agent  J.   for   A.   H.  Buchanan,    free   miner's   certificate No, 83,.*ii3, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim. .  Aud further take notice that action, under Sec.  37, must be commenced before'the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of October. 1897.  JOHN   HIRSCH.  L. 1853, Gr. 1.  I)lined in   Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Reco  Hill and adjoiuing the Ruecan and Blue Bird  Mineral Claims.  TAKE NOTICE that T, John Hirseh, as agent  for James Marshall, F. M. C. 88878, Thomas  Brown, F.M.O. 83-l.vl, and Duncan S. Forbes, F.  M. C. 0917G. intend, sixty days from  the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 15th day of October, 1897.  JOHN HIRSCH.  L. 1850, Gr. 1.  Lalla Rook Mineral Claim.  No. (i Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.; Connects  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects  Rossiand with  Red  Mountain   train  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossiand at 11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. 4 Leaves Rossiand  at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R.  main line  Steamers for  the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:45 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'ISupt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning', making- ciose connection  at Revelstoke with trains* 'or  all points East or "West.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay   District.     Where located:    Adjoining the Carbonate King mineral claim on  Pavne Mountain.  TAKE NOTICE that I.John Hirseh, as agent for  I   Edward Mahon, free miner's certificate No.  94537, intend (10 days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the above claim.  And, further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must lie commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 25th day of October, 1897.  JOHN HIRSCH.  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R. Agents as to time and  rates. It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,   or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  Certificate of the Registration of  Extra-Provincial   Company.  Sitita  Midnight; Fractional   Mineral Claim.  Situate in flic. Slocan .Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Mt.  Adams, adjoining the Adams and Britomarte  two miles southwest of S'i ndon.  'PAKE NOTICE that 1, RobertE. Palmer, act-  1 ing as agent for the Adams British Columbia  Co. Ltd, free miner's certificate No. OS.'):') A, intend  sixty days from the date hereof to apply to the  .Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must he commenced before, the issuance of  such certincate of improvements.  Dated this llth day of November, 1897.   R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Concord Mineral Claim.  I  SAI",**  OF   MINERAI,  BY   TENDER.  CLAIMS  OEA LED TENDERS marked  0   -'Tender for Mineral Claims.'  on the envelope  aud addressed  to the undersigned, will be received till noon on  Friday, December 17th next; for the purchase of  the interest of the 1,-ite Francisco di Michele, in  the >vhole of the Buchera. and the Iona, and an  undivided one-quarter of the Allcorn, mineral  claims, situate in tho Slocan City Mining Division of the District of West Kootenay.  Terms cash in ten days after the acceptance of  the tender. A deposit of ten dollars must accompany each tender as a guarantee of good  faith. The highest, or any tender not. necessarily accepted.  Particulars as to title can be obtained from  R. B. Kerr, Now Denver, solicitor for the administrator.  Dated the "ith day of November, 1897.  J. F. ARMSTRONG.  Official Administrator,  Fort Steele, B. C.  , The New Denver Ledcjk will please insert the  above three times between the 10th of November,  1897, and the 10th of December. 1897  J.F.ARMSTRONG,  Official Administrator.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining tiio Young Dominion on the north, about  It miles south of the Idaho concentrator.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Robert K. Palmer actimr  as agent for Jas. M. Moran, F. M. C. No.  830-1(1. John A. Finch, P. M. C. No. 79531, Wm.  Glynn, I". M. C. S*i.'."��"��, and Peter Larson. F. M.  C. No. 83717, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to tlie Mining Recorder for a certincate of improvements for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 mu��t be commenced  before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this nth dav of Novemlier, 1897.  "   R E. PALMER. P.L.S.  Independence Mineral Claim.  e in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Koul.eiiay District. Wliereloeated: On Blue  Grouse mountain, about one mile from the  fork--; of Cariboo Creek.  "AKE NOTICK that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  igent for C. C. Woodhouse, jr., free miner's  certificate No. 3103 A, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this i'lst day of July. 1897.  '      J. A   KIRK.  O. K. Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Wliereloeated: North  Fork Carpenter Creek, about six miles above  Three Forks.  ""HAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  jL    agent for Edwin Smith; Graham   and   A.  Hellmers, free miner's certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Alining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of September, 1897.  T. S. GORE.  ; Companies Act, 1897.  Native Silver Bell Mining Company.  k  i  pany has been  Inverness Mineral Claiin.  Situate  in the Slocan Mining Division,   West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Red  Mountain about two miles northwest from  and about nine miles from the mouth of the  North Fork of Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE, that I, Robert E. Palmer, of  1    Sandon. acting as agent for John Brown, of  Sandon.    free    miner's   certificate   No.    7910S  intend,     sixty    days    from    date     hereof    to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements lor the purpose   of  obtaining  a  Crown grant of the above claiin.  And further take notice that action, under  section   37, must bo commenced   before  the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this Ith dav of November. 1897.  R. E. PALMER. P. L. S.  T  NOTICE  Women as Soldiers.  "I do not see," said a clever woman,  "why the newspapers should feel called  upon to poke fun at the new law in Colorado which permits women to serve in  the state militia. In time of battle  woman is just as necessary as man.  Just wearing a uniform and shooting a  mm are not all that constitute a soldier.  What about woman's place in the hospitals during time of war? Does it not  require a brave heart and a strong nerve  to wait on the wounded or dying? Is  not a woman a soldier who can assist  the surgeon as he amputates a limb or  binds a fractured bone? Are not the Eed  Cross nurses soldiers? It seems to me  that a woman will make just as good a  soldier as a man and always find har  place in time of war. "  Sixty (00) days after date I intend to apply to  the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works*for  permission to purchase the following described  land: Commencing at S. Walker's northwest  corner post, running north forty (40) chains, following the Columbia river, thence east eighty  (80) chains, thence south forty (40) chains, thence  west eiirhty (80) chains, an'd containing three  hundred and twenty (320) acres of land, more or  less. ELLEN McDOUGALD.  NOTICi  NOTICE IS HEREBY* GIVEN that we will not  be rc-nonsible. for any debts contracted  bv  anyone other than ourselves.  C   W. AYLWIN & CO.  New Denver, P��. C, Nov. 1.1897.  Sapphire and Gem Mineral Claims.  Situate in tlie Siccan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoiningthe Lalia Rook and Minneapolis mineral  claims on Payne Mountain.  TAKE NOTICE that I. John Hirseh. as agent  for the Ramsdell Mining and Milling Co.,  free miner's certificate No. 7298 A, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtain ing Crown grant of above claims.  And furtlier take notice that action, under  Section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated tiiis 2.0th day of October. 1897.  JOHN HIRSCH.  T  Noonday, Grey Kagle, and Fourth of  .fuly Mineral Claims.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Silver Star Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where iocated: On Four  Miie Creek at mouth of Granite Creek, adjoining the Mountain Biomcr  * PAKE NOTICE that I, R E. Palmer, acting  I    as a'-rent for the  Vancouver Group  Minintr  Co.. free miner's  certificate No. 91 li i. intend 'S'  days from the d.it ��� lieivof t iap.il.' li flic Minms'  Situate in tlie SI ican   .Mining Division of West  Kooten.iy District.    Where located:   On the  east slope of the valley of Cody creek, about  1        three miles fr mi Cody.  | 'PAKE NOTICE. That I, J. H. Gray, act-  1 ing as agent for Byron N. White,  free miner's certificate No. 74,2G0, intend, 60  days from the date hereof to applv to the Mining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown Grant of above  claims.  And further take notice thai action under Sec.  37 must I>e commenced before issuance of such  Oertifira'p of improvements.  D.iled ihi<Hth day o.'September 189.)  Millie Mack Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Alining Division of West  Kootenay District. Wliereloeated: On Blue  Grouse mountain, on the south slope near the  summit.  AKE NOTICE that I. J. A. Kirk, acting as  _. agent for The Kamloops Mining and Development Company, limited liability, free miner's  certificate No. 97*8ii0, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certilieate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this ilst dav of July, 1897.   "��� J. A^KIRK.  Pay Bock Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District. Where located: North  Fork of Carnenfer Creek, about six miles  ibove Three Forks.  ������"AKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  _ :igent for Edwin Smith Graham and A.  Hellmers, free miners certificates Nos. 80-180 and  8l.'!.'J0, intend. 00 days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the, purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  And.    further   take    notice,   that   action  under    section    37.    must    be     commenced  before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated t.his.-Joth day of Sept, 1897.  ^_ T. S. GORE.  Ilaltoii Chi��'f Mineral Claim.  Situate in,the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Wliereloeated:    North  Fork of Carpenter Creek  about, six miles  above Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  X    agent   for   Edwin���Smith    Graham,    free  miner's certificate No. 80,180. intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sept.', 1897.   T. S. GORE.  Fidelity Mineral Claim.  Registered the 7th day of September, 1897.  HEREBY  CERTIFY  that I have this day  registered the " Native Silver Bell Mining  Company "as an extra-Provincial Company, under the "Comnanies Act, 1897."  The head office of tho said Company is situate  in the City of Spokane, State of Washington.  The amount of the capital of the Company is  ���il.oi;o,00'). divided into l,('00,00(�� shares of Si each.  The head office of (he Company in this Province is situate in the City of Rossiand, and Clive  Prihgle. whose address is Rossiand, is attorney  for the Company.  Tlie time of the existence of the Company is  fifty years.  The objects for which the Com]  established arc: ���  To locate, purchase, contract foi, or acquire by  any lawful means, mines, mining claims, water  rights, timber and timberl.inds,mill-sites, ditches  flumes, tramways, railways, water and electric  power and power plants, or to acquire by purchase,   contract or otherwise,  mining   s'toeks,  bonds or debentures;  also to buy. sell, acquire  and deal in real estate of all kinds, other than  mining property;   to  work, operate, buy. sell,  lease, mortgage) own, acquire, hold and'deal in  mines, metals and mineral claims of every kind  and description,  or any of the property above  named;   to  acquire  by purchase or otherwise,  stock in any other corporation organised for the  purpose of owning, operating or working mines  or mining claims, or other real estate;  t;a hold,  vote, represent, transfer, sell or purchase such  stock at such times aud in such quantities and  manner, and under such circumstances as shall  be determined upon by the trustees of this Corporation:   to carry on  and   conduct  a general  smelting, milling and reduction business; "to purchase, acquire, bold, erect, operate, electric light  and power plants for the purpose of mining and  treating ores, or for the purpose of furnishing  lights and creatlnglpower for use or sale; to bond,  buy , lease, locate and hold and operate/ditches,  flumes, or water rights; to construct, lease, buy,  sell, build, operate and conduct railroads, ferries,  tramways or other means of transportation for  transporting ore, mining and'1, other  material;  and finally to do everything consistent, proper  and requisite for the carrying out of the purposes  and objects aforesaid in their full and broadest  sense.  .   Given under my hand and seal of office at  Victoria, Province of British Columbia, this 7th  day of September, one thousand eight hundred  and ninetv-seven.  [h. S.J HENRY S. MASON.  Acting Registrar of Joint Stock Companies  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossiand  nd Spokane and Rossiand.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District ofthe  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  9:20 a.m.  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  2:50   "  6:40 p.m  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO.,  LTD.  On Kootenay Lake and R:ver.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.   1st,   1897.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five Mile Point with all  passei'gei trains of theN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossiand and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United States Points.  KASLO&SLOCAN RY  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 no A.M,  "   8 :k> '���  "   fl 3fi *'  ".   0 51 "  '��� 10 0.1 "  '��� 10 18 "  " 10 38 "  Arr. 10 flO "  Leave 11.00 a.m.  "     11.2."    "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngr.  GEO. F.  Arrive, 3 SO P.M  3 15  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's '       2 15  Whitewater      '       2 00  Bear Lake '���      1 46  McGuigan '        1 33  Cody Junction "       1 12     "  Sandon Leave 1 00     "  CODY   LINK.  Sandon       Arrive 11.55 a.m  Codv "     11.20   ���'  Lv.  Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:45 a.m  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.; Rossiand 3:40 p  m.; Spokane, 6 p.m.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo and way points, 4.45 p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m ; Rossiand, 10:20 a.m.:  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  BONNER'S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the arrival of the International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, Sat.,4.O0 p. m; Ar. Boundary, Sun.  midnight; Ai. Bonner's Ferry, Sun., 10.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 1 p.m.: Ar. Boundary. Sun., 5 p.m.; Ar. Kaslo, Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close connecton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.10 a.m..  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  The last trip this season on the Bonner's Kerry  route will be on the Gth and 7th November after  which date the Bonner's Ferry service will be  discontinued.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l MgT  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C.. Oct. 1, 1897  Situated   in  the Slocan  Miiiincr Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Whore located:  About two miles southeast of New Denver,  li. O  ���PAKE NOTICE that I. Alfred Driscoll. as agent  1    for F. Ii  Byron, free miner's certificate No.  8l!'7!i, L. F.  I-Ioltz, free miner's certificate No.  74ii8fi, and A. S. Williamson, free miner's certificate    No.    792.'l7,    intend    sixty    days    from  the  date   hereof,    to  apply   to    the   Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant of the  above claim.  And furtlier take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 20th day of Sept.. 1897.  COPELAND,  Superintendent  railroad and steamship tickets to  apply to  CAMPBELL, Ag-ent, Sandon.  For cheap  and from all points,  THE   STEAMER  W.HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon upon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  Will leave SLOCAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice  S. T.N. CO.. Ltd.,  June 1,1897.    .  G.  L. ESTABROOK. Master.  Atlantic Steapp Lues.  Krom Montreal  California.  Allan Line    Parisian, '���   Oct. 2  Carthaginian "     Labradbr.Dominion Line    Oct 9  Vancouver. "     From New York  Umbria.Cunard Line  ���  Etruria  l' "     Campania,      ������     Majestic, White Star Line    Teutonic ''���  -��� ���  St. Paul, American Line    St. Louis. -i     State of Nebraska. Allan State Line    Southwark, Red Star Line Sept 29  Noordland. "     Cabin *.",">. $50, SfiO, 70 $80 and upwards.  Intermediate *30 and upwards.  Steerage $25.50 and upwards.  Passengers  Ticketed  through fo all poinis in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at  Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Continent!  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to A. 0. MCARTHUR. C.P.R.  Agent  Sandon. or  WILLIAM    STITT,  General Agent,  V. P. K. offics.Winnipeg  "i********  P3  ip-ryrrr  ��w - "33* ft^S&v  S?^m��rJ5'*V'i>w--yr}j-;-.'  ��j&%Z5g$3^TZ��^'^?7^'^^ ww�� 8  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 18, 1897.  Fifth Year  MINING RECORDS  Showing the Rapid Development of the Slocan.  ^Sllllllll!lin!IIIIHIIIIIIIII!lllllllllllllllllllllllllll!llllllll!l!!lllll!l!llllllll!]l%  J��  LOCATIONS OF   THE WEEK  Assessment Work Done on Claims  and Transfers of Mining  Properties.  .The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Den ve* were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Nov 10���Black Fox, Houson creek, Frank  Houson.  Novi2���Galena Fraction, Silverton, A R Fing-  >lai)d; Fairview^ Seaton creek, R Strangeway :  Jumbo, same, \\ Ii Reattie.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 8���Kentucky Girl, Hoi*.  Nov 10���Burlington No ���'!.  Nov ll���Derby, Lady Jane.  Nov 12���Eldorado.  NoV'15��� Labrador, Norway.  CKHI'IKIUATK OK lAU'UOVKMKNTS.  Nov 11���Democrat, Climax.  Nov 15���Bolander.  TMAXSFERB.  Nov 9���Black Knat ij, J A Otto to L H Lantz,  Oct 2(1,55300.  Black Knot Fraction, F H Lantz to The Dominion Mines, Nov 5.  Lilly, same to John MacQuillan, same.  Nov 10���Annie 1, Win D Thompson to John T  ���Moore and R Orando, Oct 25, slot).  Nov 11���Texas Boy,' interest claimed by right  of location, J N Nunn.  Nov 15���The Flint 5/12, W E Ten-ill to Robt  Cunning, Nov 8.  Dominion and Union Jack, A Wilds and A L  McLean to Chas Anderson, power of attorney.  Acme s, John Tinling to Charles Anderson,  Nov 15.  Edinburgh 1/12, John Smith to Thomas Henry  Wilson, Nov 11.  Oakland, Jas A Anderson to same, same.  Mollie Hughes, Idea, Real Idea, Nanana Pinto,  John Hughes by Felix Hughes, his attorney, to  Henry E McCarvile, Jnne 3.  Elazhar and Reliance J, Win Ryan to Ernst J  Dobee, same.  Same 1/0, E J Dobee to W S.Drewry, June -1.  Same *", Wm Ryan to same, same, .���sioo.  SLOCAN    CITY    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Nov 6���Montmorenci, J Miller.  Nov 0���Thistle, Robt A Bradshaw.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 10���Legal Tender.  THANS1--EKS.  Nov 0���Montmorenci A, J G Miller to F  Mitchell.  Queen Bess 1/6, E McFadden to S J Curry.  Nov 10���Conundrum and Conundrum No 2  James M Gray to Henry Sheran.  Pioneer j", H C McCarvillc to same.  Hope No 2 ^, John Halpin to same. 2  AINSAVOItTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Nov 6���Iron King, Fred Manuel.  Nov 8���B BB, A McBanting.  Nov !>���Kentuck, W F Hall.  Nov 11���Tarn Rak, Albert Lind and Alfred  Stalherg.  Nov 12���Brighthope, Thos Workman : Iron  Lode, Stephen Brooks; St Joseph, A R McDonald; Naughton, H N McNaughton and R A Cameron; Ego, same.  ASSESSMENTS.  Nov 8���Agreement between Gus W Roche and  Matthew E Logan of Spokane, with regard to  Jeanette.  Nov 11���Bryan.  Nov 12���Bedrock and Essex.  TlfANSl-EltS.  Nov <*���Linnet Fraction, W  Gordon   Ross to  John McQuilliKan.  Grant h, Donald Grant to C Rossiter.'  Mokom h, J E Nyler to John Swanson.  General i, C Rossiter to D Grant.  Nov 10���Alameda and Sir Charles agreement  to sell J, P Byrne, Geo Smith, D L Smith, and J  L Brown to Geo Alexander.  Lucky Scott Fraction. A O Evans to W R  Ramsdell.  J I See, It 11 Ramsdell to same.  Icicle, Ella L, Big Annie, Elk, Blue Bird, Cube  "j, C L Lyttle and Dan Barrett to O G Laberee.  Alameda and Sir Charles agreement conlirming  partnership, P Byrne, Geo Smith, OL Smith, J  C Brown.  Nov 12���TJ S ', R Ash worth to T J Lendruni.  By Chance Fraction .",, FPyman toS Powers.  Faustina and Egalite, Felix Hughes to Henry  Sheran, .-GOO.  Argenta    May   Boom,  The survey has been completed for  the Kaslo & Lardo-Duncan Ry., for  which a charter was granted last winter by the provincial government. President D. J. Murm of the Kaslo & Slocan  Hy. is also president of this company.  A. A. Devereau, with a party of other  surveyors recently located the route of  this road which will mean much to  Kaslo, and which will probably also  awaken the little hamlet of Argenta to  become a 'own next spring when construction is expected to begin.  The road will start at Argenta, at the,  northeast end of Kootenay lake, follow  up tin; east side of Lower Duncan river,  pass around the east side of Mowser  lake and follow the upper Duncan to  he mouth of Hall creek. A branch  line is to cross the Duncan river below  Duncan City and follow up the Lardo  river to Trout, lake.���Kaslo News.  Parties requiring special designs of  jewelry, etc.. made to order for Xnias  goods art: advised to leave iheir orders  earlv at Knox  Ilros.  See Hoben's corduroy and tweed suits  and ulsters.  J NEWS IN PLACE |  Hugh Sutherland will sail for England  on the 27th inst.  J. A. McKinnon will be Silverton's  new postmaster.  The Cameronian has over 100 tons of  ore on the dump.  The wagon road to the Vancouver,  Four Mile, is opened.  R. B. Kerr and wife have gone to Scotland to spend the winter.  The Merchants Bank of Halifax will  open a branch in Nelson.  It is said that the Antoine will ship  1,000 tons of ore this winter.  Watch out for Meldrum & Co's Boot  and Shoe window next week.  D, 0. Lewis and Miss Caroline Hall  were married in Toronto last week.  The steamer Slocan will burn coal just  as soon as the grates can be changed.  The ball last week at the Selkirk  House in Silverton was a grand success.  Considerable work is being done on  the Baker Fraction, a Ten Mile property.  Knox Bros, make all special designs  of Xmas jewelry. Leave your orders  early.  A strike has been made on the Columbia near the Evening Star, Dayton  Creek.  A smelter is hovering over Kootenay  but where and when it will light no one  knows.  New York people have bonded the  Bachelor group  on   Twelve  Mile for  $30,000.  T. M. Ward, of Nelson, was married  to Miss Maude Jack, of Montreal, on the  27th of October.  /���  The tunnel on the Frisco, isi n 30 feet,  and the ledge will probably be struck  early next week.  J. A. McKinnon, J*. M. M. Benedum  and A. P. McDonald are the fire warden;; of Siiverton.  If the snow permits the Chapleau will  make another shipment in a few days to  the smelter at Nelson.  A workman at the Fidelity had one  of his arms injured on Tuesday by an  explosion of dynamite.  A coast paper reports the Bondholder  sold for $950, and states that it was  bought in for the company.  Another big shipment of Boots, Gam-  by Overshoes and Rubber Goods just  received at Meldrum & Co's.  The ore houses at the Howard Fraction are full of high grade ore and a  shipment will soon be made.  Work on the Fidelity was resumed  last Friday, after two weeks' cessation,  owing to a great inflow of water.  An article on the working of the  "Single Tax" in New Zealand by  Cosmo, will appear in our next issue.  Men are engaged on the Ten Mile  wagon road, leveling it up and putting  it in better condition for early usage.  The saw mill on Ten Mile, lately put  in position at Camp Aylwin, is cutting  heavy timbers for the Enterprise mine.  A long tunnel will be run on the Lake  View. The dump is over the sleigh  road about two miles this side of Silver-  ton.  Hi. Sweet, the well-known steamboat  engineer, died in Kaslo last Friday  from a complication of heart and lung  troubles.  A billiard table is to be added to the  amusement department of the New  Denver Club. The Club is in a fiourish-  fng financial condition.  The road between Silverton and New  Denver is being put in shape for winter  travel. A stage will be driven over the  route during the frosty period of the  year.  The Central Hotel has b?.en leased by  Harry Sheran to .John Halpin. Gorman  West will act as manager, a fact, that  will make the house popular immediately.  Slocan City people intend to celebrate  the advent of the railroad in a proper  and fitting manner. The New Denver  brass band will likely furnish part of the  inspiration.  Wm. F. Glynn and Miss Mae Bragclon  will be married in Seattle next Wednesday. New Denver friends extend their  congratulations in advance of the  happy event.  Devine service will be held (D.Y.) in  the Presbyterian church on Sunday  next, 21st inst., at il a.m. Strangers  made welcome. Services conducted by  AV. J. Booth.  More than .'i0 Certincate of Improvement advertisments are running in tlie  current issue of this journal. No better  evidence can lie had of the confidence  people have'in the Slocan camp.  The sheriff did not sell tbe Ibex last  week. An extension of HO days has  been granted. Tlie Ibex il. will be remembered was said to have had nearly  two millions in sight less than a year  a iro.  THE    KKIXISH   SOLDIER'S    CLOTHES  It costs the LVriiinh governv-ur. f'~,-  250,000 ' auimal:y "for the clot hi 11.7 j ;-.-.���������  wished to its army all over lb,- ::e.v'.'A.  Each of the fcreipn possessions, however, has to pay back, to a certain extent, the amount which the uuiforiiis cf  the troops stationed ' or .sent there I::,-.-  cost, and this entails no end of bock-  keeping. India pays for tho clothing of  its own troops and ah-o for the uniforms of the men which England sends  there. The latter item is about $675,-  000 annually. On the other hand, when  a regiment comes home from India that  country has to be paid back the full  value of the clothes it wears. Tbe government sells old and wornout articles  to the secondhand dealers, who, by the  way, usually accumulate fortunes in a  short time. The value of cast off clothes  so disponed of is about $150,000 yearly.  The Lc:"t quality of everything is used  in the manufacture of uniforms. In  fact, it is said they are too good for  durable wear. A huge factory in Pimli-  co makes a large share of the furnishings, but vast quantities of foot and  head gear are bought ready made. Boots  aud leggings, for example, cost $1,165,-  000 and headdresses $250,000. The  thpusands of miles of flannel, linen,  calico, cloth, velvet, etc., the millions  cf buttons, the tons of cotton wool, the  billions of yards cf sewing cotton that  are made into tunics, trousers and shirts  cost $2,500,000, aud tho wages paid for  making these up are over $5,000 a week.  But all this vast expense is much less  than the annual outlay that France or  Germany makes for keeping its soldiers.  In Germany every man in the army has  four complete suits of military clothing.���Harper's Round Table.  Parson's  Produce  Company  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Times Improving.  "Don't you think that you can raise  my salary?" asked the head clerk.  "I've had a mighty hard time raising  it lately," replied the employer, "but I  rather think I can have it ready for you  every pay day hereafter."���Detroit Fre��  Press.  Should Not Have Been Caught.  Mrs. Gayspousa (engaging new serr-  ant)���I am very particular about the  conduct of my demesnes. *I had to discharge my last girl because I caught  her winking at my husband.  Applicant ��� You aid quits right,  ma'am. A girl as careless as that ought  tu be discharged.���.New York Herald,  CLEVER'S HALL  FRIDAY EVE,  Nov. 19  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  Tin; lurj-xtft lmnilk'i's of these  tfoorts  in. Western Canada.    All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage.   Full stock carried  nt Nelson, 13. C.    For prices write  or wire  P. .T. KUSSKI/L:  Manager of Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company  1 THE FOUR LEAF COMEDY CO. g  In the  great  THREE  ACT  COMEDY  Under the  management  ofMcCALL  & HAND.  DIRECT  Introducing  ALL THK  LATEST  EASTERX  SUCCESSES  FUNN V  SITUATIONS  BY A  COMPAN* V  OF  ARTISTS  FROM   THE   EAST.  Behind  the  Screen  Sandon, B. C, Oct 21, 1897.  To al) whom it may Concern*.  This is to certify that as I am  removing* from Town, Gr. W. GRIM-  METT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, of  Sandon has purchased my business.  1 beg to thank my, numerous  customers tor their patronage in the  past and I hereby respectfully request that they will give their patronage in the future to MR.  GRIMMETT.  W. HALLER,  Watchmaker and Jeweler.  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is ahvays ready to do  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  1  III  III  II  1  II  1  111  1  f  III  1  1  1  [1  ll  III  1  III  III  1  THE  CENTRAL  HOTEL  NEW   DENVER,  Has been re-opened under new management. With nicely furnished  rooms, and good, substantial meals to  back them, this hotel expects to ac-  <iuirc a rcputatiun second to none in  Kootenay. The bar has a full stock  of the most modern nerve elevators.  JOHN HALPIN, Prop.  GORMAN WEST, "Manager.  ^j-rgsfGrajsr  Slocan  MERICAN  Mining & Milling Co.  Rand & Wallbridge,  Mining and Stock Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of. Treasury Stock.  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  Business Stand to rent with two rooms  upstairs, on Slocan avenue,   New Den-1  ver.     Also   Kestaurant    business   and !  outfit  for sale.    Apply   to   Thompson.  Mitchell & Co.  Go to T.  kinaws.  H. Hoben's   for   <cood  Mac  T  An immense assortment of furniture,  lower than Coast   prices,  at Crowley's  New Denver.    rVreijrht  paid  on order  to San<l'iii and all Slocan points.  A   full   line  Hoben's.  of   rubbers and sock's   at  Lowes 6c Harrington have leased the  Cousins & Cavanah block in Slocan City  for bote! purposes. It took sometime  but these .popular people found at last  the best hotel site, at the foot of Slocan  lake.      -  Methodist "Church services will be  licit 1 on Sunday, Nov. '21st, as follows:  .Morning at. il, in the new School  House: subject, "Obeying- a Higher  Will." Evening- at 7, in the Presbyterian Church: subject, "Man's Relation  to Man."    Preacher. R. N. Powell.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.*;  New Denyer, B.C.  Bv a   recent  order  oi  the.  postoflice  The latest novelties in Ladies ''apes.  .Jackets. Dress C.ooils and Millinery, at  Mrs. Merklev.  See lloben'  and ulsters.  rordurov and tweed  nuts  T  department the Spokane postoflice is  bere-d'ter to make up registry pouches  for a number of offices in British Columbia, among them Deer Park. Waterloo,  Burton. Cody. McGuigan, Nakusp. New  Denver. Rosebery. Salmo, Sandon, Sil-  verton, Slocan, Three Forks, Waneta,  Whitewater and Vmir. Heretofore  the Spokane ollice has made up the  registry mail direct only for Rossiand,  'frail. Ainsworth. Balfmr. Kaslo. Nelson. Pilot Bay and Robson. New Denver and the other ol'tices named hr.ve  been receiving their registry mail  through other and slower channels.  Arriving dailv at  Knox Bros., in the  shape of���  Watches,  Diamonds,  Sterling Silver Novelties,  Celuloid Goods,  Clocks,  Jewelry, Etc.  Leave your orders  early for special  designs of Jewelry  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public  TIoisoilitcMHTloisoE  NEW DENVER,  B.O.  "Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of Londtn, Eng.  F. W. GROVES,  CrVIX and "TlNING ENGINEER,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  Underground Surveys. Surface ana  Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.      Ivaslo, B.C  A new stock of  Gents* Fiirriisliintrs;  Special, lines in l>allirei.r��an, Carpet*. Mats.  Floor and Table Oilcloth and Linoleum.  Also tho latest styles in Dress Goods ami  Trimmings; in silks and velvets and  buttons: Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too numerous to mention.  Millinery the latest style always on hand.  MRS. YV   W   MKRKLY.  locan Hot  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, the dining-  room warm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden-with all  the viands fit to eat. It isn't neces-  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known. ,  HENRY 5TEGE Prop'r  INTON DROS'  BOOK STORE.  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting- Goods,  Fishing' Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaccoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining Laws &��� Maps.  qMIMKMMIMIMUUMlMllMMIMWIMIMCTn^  l!S"  iiC.O.Di  Goods called  for & Delivered  T"*URNISHED ROOMS  By Day or Week.  Mrs. A..J. Murphy. SIXTH STREET  '*��  arris  SLOCAN   CITY   and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies at TenMile Store.  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the liner lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice,  (.:. M. Nr'SI'lTT.  Prop.  / -" Rates  furnished   .lintels.    Sieani-  liuat Compani'1!", ete. on application.  I-;i Dorada Ave.  Silverton  rug  re#/^-#/   .  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  Proprietor,  ���Ml 

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