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The Ledge Nov 4, 1897

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 Volume V.   No. 5  NEW DENVER, B. C, NOVEMBER 4, 1807.  Price. $2 00 Year  I Klondike Sold product  Tlie question is now beingasked,Avhat  effect will the recent discovery of gold  iii .Alaska have on the silver question ?  I answer, none whatever. The amount  of gold already taken from the Klondike  mines is estimated at J?3,000,000,~-and  this is probably an overestimate.  The value of money depends upon its  quantity. Money, unlimited in volume,  would be worthless, though stamped on  gold or   any  other commodity.    If a  mountain of gold should be  discovered  in Alaska, or elsewhere,  the free coinage of gold would have to  be discontinued, but   there   is no probability of  such a discovery being made.    If, however, such a discovery" should be made,  the inevitable result would be the de-  monitization of gold, and the probable  restoration of silver as   the   standard  money of the world.   If an unlimited  quantity of silver should likewise be  discovered, then both gold and silver  would have to be abandoned as money,  and some other commodity be selected |  as   the  bearer   of   money    functions.  There  is very little probabilty,  however, of any discovery of either gold or  silver, or of both combined, in excess of  the world's demand for money.    When  such discoveries are made, if "they ever  should be, it will  be time enough to  discontinue the use of one or both of  them, and look about us for a more desirable   commodity   as the  bearer    of  money functions.  The amount of gold and silver taken  from the Comstock Lode and mines in  the immediate vicinity was about $810,-  000,000 worth, and tlie addition to the  world's supply of money from this output had but little effect on the general  level of prices.  The Avorld's production of precious  'metals from 18-19 to 1S78, a period of 24  vears, was about S2,900.000,000 of gold  and 82,000,000,000 of silver, a total of  nearly ��5,000,000,000, and this large  addition to the money metals in the  short space of 24. years raised the general level of prices but '20 per cent.  From 187H to 189!),a period of 2;-i years,  the world's product of gold was about  . ��2,900,000,000. and the world's product  of'silver Avas about 88,800,000,000, ;i  total of more than $0,000,000,000 worth  of the precious metals, and yet the  amount added to the money volume of  the, world did not keep pace Avith the  demand for money, and consequently  there avhs a fall in the. general level of  prices, (luring that period, of not less  than 40 per cent. The demonetization  of silver by many of the great commercial nations of the Avorld during this  period without doubt intensified the decline in prices.  Although more than $11,000,000,000  worth of the precious ufietals has been  produced from the mines within- the  past 50 years, in all probability not  more than 25 per cent of that sum has  been added to the volume of metallic  money.  The value of the precious metals produced since the disiwerv of America  is about ��-20,000,000,000, and the, amount  of metal money hoav in the Avorld is  estimated at about ��8,000,000,000 and  Avithout doubt the metallic money is  overestimated, probably'bv more than  ��1,000,000,000, but assuming that there  is ��8,000,000,001) in existence, it is evident that H/5 of the world's production  Avithin the past-100 years is lost or destroyed, or used for purposes other than  monetary, besides all that was in existence at the beginning of this period.  This shows a. tremendous loss, particularly when we take- into consideration  the fact that more than half of this ��2(),-  000,01)0,000 av;i,s produced within the  last 50 years.  Senator   .Jones   in his   great .speech  (page 25) on the, money question in the  linked States Senate 'in  October, 1898.  in discussing the  question  of  the  amount of  precious  metals,  said: "As to  the amount   which   is   annually  Avith-  drawn from money use for the purposes  of the arts and manufactures, there are  no figures Avhich can be a hsolutely relied  upon.    Mr. Giflin, the statistician of the  London   Board of Trade,   has stated  that in his belief practically the annual  yield from the mines Avas 'absorbed for  ii on-monetary   purposes:   and   in this  estimate 1 believe he is right. Sir Lyon  Playfair estimated the amount consumed in  the arts at not less than 75 per  cent of the total annual yield.    As long  ago  as   1878 Mr. W. L.FaAvcett  in his  interesting   Avork on  'Gold   and  Debt'  made a careful estimate ba-"cd  on  the  researches of Mr. J. II. McCullock, the  distinguished  English  economist,  and  states the annual consumption   or gold  in the arts and manufactures  at ��110,-  000.000,   and   the, amount   must   have  annually   increased   rather   than    decreased.  Alexander Del Mar, avIio is regarded  as one of the most reliable statisticians,  in his "History of Precious Metals,"  (page 185) says :" "The proportion of the  world's precious metals consumed in  arts and manufacturers or otherwise  lost to the circulation of the world between 1075 and 1700 Avas about. 50 pel-  cent; in 1770, 7-t percent, in. 1808, 71  per cent; in 1828, 78 per cent; in 1838,  82 per cent; in 1850,70 percent; in  1800, 72 per cent; in 1870, 70 per cent;  in 1870, 7.1 per cent."  I think it is safe to say that at least  75 per cent of the annual production is  used for purposes other than monetary ;  that not more than 25 per cent of the  product of the mines is coined into  money. And also that as Avealthincreases the proportion used for non-monetary purposes is likely to increase  rather  than decrease.  It is not at all probable that the production of the precious metals in Alaska  Avithin the next 25 years Avill equal the  output of the Comstock Lode and the  mines in the immediate, vicinity; but if  it should double, or even quadruple,  that amount, it not only Avould not restore tho level of prices existing in 1S73  but it Avould hardly be sufficient to  check the further fall of prices.  It should be borne in mind that the  value and extent of new discoveries  of the precious metals are, in the first  instance, almost ahvays over estimated,  and that in estimating the effect that  such discoveries are likely to have on  the Avorld's stock of money, men lose  sight of the fact that only'a, small per  cent nf the metals produced will ever  be added to the volume of money.  The rapid development of ucav industries, and the extension of old ones  and numerous other causes lia\*e created a. largely increased demand for  money. We require more than double  the per capita circulation now that Ave  did 25 years ago. If the Avorld's stock  of metallic money should be doubled in  the next ten years,it is doubtful whether  the general level of prices of 1878 would  be restored.  No, there is no danger of getting too  much metallic, money.' Witli both' gold  and sih-er admitted to free and unlimited coinage, even Avith a yield ton fold  greater than there is any probability of  ever realizing from the mines of Alaska,  both metals would be unable to satisfy  the ever increasing demand for money.  Los Angeles, Cal. '.    " .  A. J. Utlev.  the limit of ��20,000,000 should have been  reached.  If the coinage of silver is subject to  attack there can at least be no objection  to the minting of the gold now being  produced in 'British Columbia. West  Ontario, Nova Scotia and the'North-  West Territories. As Sir Wilfrid  Laurier has said, Canada is hoav a nation but without itsoAvn coinage it is tin  anomaly.  The mine OAvner of British Columbia  has just grounds for complaint against  the present methods of taxation. The  mines,though still a struggling industry,  are made to bear the Aveight of unjust  and unequal taxes, such as the'royalty  on timber and cord wood used in the  mines,and the 1 per cent collected from  the output of them. No other industry  or commercial pursuit is obliged to contribute so heavily to the provincial  treasury.  Another fact to be remembered is that  in no other subject of taxation is the  full selling price appraised, and Avhat.  makes it 'more exasperating is that the  Avealthy coal miners of Vancouver island  do not according to the press, pay any  taxes whatever.  It is also stated that mines lying Avithin city limits, if titles is obtained,  although not used for any purpose whatever, arc taxed, although he may not be  iu a position to operate the mine, nor  dare, he hIIoav tiny to build on it because it would destroy the property for  mining purposes. Such exactions deter  capital from making investments. It  seemed to the speaker that the government at the next session of the legislature should adjust thetaxest equitably  and fairly all over the province.  The seventh annual report of the  British Columbia board of trade of Victoria, for the year 189->, sIioavs that the  exports of the mines Avere greater than  the fisheries, the forests, animals and  their products, manufacturies and mis-  cellaneous. And no doubt in the years  to come the mines Avill continue to produce more than half the products of  British Columbia.  In vicav of these facts the mining interests should be represented by men  avIio have practical knoAvledge of the  subject. Today the mining interests  are practically unrepresented.and many  of the mistakes made by the provincial  legislature in regard to' the. mining industry were due to lack of information.  For these reasons it seemed to Mr;  McArthur that the government and the  legislature should recognize the. mines  as the predominant interest of the province, and that due representation by  practical mining men should be giAren  the industry, not only in the legislature,  but in the cabinet, as avoII.  1881; "The Condition of Labor," an  open letter to Pope Leo ��� XIII, in 18S9,  and "Perplexed Philosopher," (Herbert  Spencer), in 1S92.  In 1880 Mr. George was nominated by  the united labor party for mayor of New  York, polling 08,000 votes, against 90,-  000 for Abraui S. Hewitt, the democratic  nominee, and 00,000 for Theodore  Roosevelt, now assistant secretary of the  navy (republican).  ���MIXING   CAMPS.  HEXltY    GEORGE    IS   DEAD.  Dr. DaAvson, director of the. Dominion  geographical   department   says:   The  entire range or ranges of mountains,  Avhich extend more or less continuously  from the extreme end of South America  to the Arctic region arc rich in minerals.   Take the case of British Columbia  as an example.   About forty years ago  gold Avas discovered on the Fraser river,  and soon after at Cariboo, Avhich for its  area was the banner placer mining district of the Avorld until the recent Klondike discoveries appear to have throAvn  previous placer mines into  the shade.  After Cariboo came Kootenay and tlie  Big Bend of the Columbia, in LSVi; then  the discoveries in 1874 in the Omineca  country, Avhich promised to yield very  richly," but from Avhich nearly all thummers   Avere . draAvn  away  in 1.878 by  discoveries further north in the Cassiar  country of still richer placer mines.    In  all these instances the trend of the discoveries has been northwest or north-  nortlnvest, in a belt 'which runs practically from   the   southern   boundary of  British Columbia to the Yukon, and lies  between the Rocky Mountains proper  and the coast range of Columbia.    I'n  the Kootenay, Cariboo and Cassiar districts   placer   mining   districts   placer  mining has been  folioAvcd in a greater  or lesser   degree by the disco-Very of  quartz Ascitis, almost'in exact proportion  to the facility of success; and that these  have not been Avorked extensively, par  ticifiarly in Cariboo,  is due to the diftf  culty  of  getting   machinery   into  the  country, and not to any lack of ore.  There are  untold   mine's of Avealth in  the Kootenay, Cariboo and Cassiar districts yet; but it Avill  take time,  labor  and capital to develop them.  In-  ast C^n^an jSgV/s  TW&��  Oct* 28,  iS>^S>"S*-  The Dominion 'Government is going  to make "-"some improvements on the  Kideau Canal this winter, so as to  diminish the liability of floods at Ot-  taAva.  The engagement of Lord Mount  Stephen (better knoAvn as Sir Donald  Smith), formerly president of the C. P.  Ii., to Miss Giaii, daughter of the late  It. G. Tufnell, has been announced.  W. II. Lever, of Sunlight Soap fame,  is going to establish a soap factory in  Toronto. He claims that the prohibitive  tariffs against foreign soap have forced  hiin to build factories in the United  States and Canada.  The degree of B. C. L. Avas conferred  upon a Avoman for the first time in our  Dominion, at the annual collocation of  Trin.ty College, Toronto, on Tuesday  last, Avhen Miss Clara Brett Martin, the  barrister, receiAred the coveted hood.  Sir Wilfrid Laurier. our Premier, is  going to Avrite a history of the Hudson's  Bay Company, Avhich will be published  iii London, Eng., and promises to be  'one of the, most interesting records  affecting the evolution of the Dominion  of Canada.  Tli��.>  Adiims   Group.  Capt. R. C. Adams, of the. Adams B.C.  Co.. was   in   New   Denver "Wednesday  en route to his Montreal  home where he  Avill spend the winter.    His son, Walter  Tlio' Xolilc  the  rial  Defender of the   Rijrhts  n    People   is No   More.  of  IMPORTANT    TO    1COOTKN A.Y.  Tn a recent speech  at   Rossiand J. B.  McArthur had the folloAving to say :  The annual consumption of lead in  Canada amounts annually to about 13,-  000 tons.   The Slocan is now producing  that quantity, and that production will  continue to  increase and  will   become  greater than any possible domestic demand.    It is therefore necessary for the  Dominion go\roriimentto open up anew  market for the surplus  Avhich may be  produced.   The Dominion  has agents  over the world  seeking markets for the  products of the Canadian manufacturers  and farmers, and it  should not do less  for the mine OAvner.    In this connection  it might be proper to observe that there  is a very promising field for investment  in the manufacture of lead and copper  produced by the Canadian mine owner.  Today Avesend our lead to the United  States to be smelted, for which the mine  owner pays a duty of  He. a lb     There  it is manufactured into whites lead, and  all  other  manufactured  lead [products  and imported into  Canada, on Avhich a  further duty is imposed upon the, manufactured article,  which  is  paid  by the  Canadian consumer.    Why. should not  some of our Canadian capitalists enter  into the manufacture of lead and copper  products and save the outgoing export  duty and the incoming import duty,and  at the same, time, do a great deal for  Canadian labor?   This is"a matter that  ought to engage the attention  of the  Dominion government and also  Canadian capitalists.  The establishment of a Canadian mint  is being seriously discussed oA^er the  country, and the time for action is at  hand. Canada today has a paper circulation of about $7,000,000 consisting of  one,tAVo and four dollar bills,practically  issued on the credit of the Dominion,  without any gold reserve.  The present large, demand for paper  money will undoubtedly increase till it  reaches 8-20,000,000, the limit to Avhich  the Dominion can issue paper money.  In vic-Av of the large production of sih-'er  in West Kootenay.it is not unreasonable  to ask the Dominion government to  establish a mint for the coinage of silver,  to replace year by year the paper currency already issued', and to coin silver  as the expansion of trade demands until  The  present  Greater NeAV Y<  municipal campaign of  irk has been the bitterest  that has ever been fought in the history  of political parties. In the midst of the  strife and bitterness the spectre of death  has come and has touched with its ruthless hand the leader of one of the hosts.  On the very eve of a climax of human  passions, ambitions and party prejudice,  the grim reaper provided an ante-climax  so much greater than the one Avhich avhs  to come, that men of all parties forgot  their anger in grief at the bloAV Avhich  fell Avith such suddenness.  Last Friday morning at 4.10 o'clock,  in the Union Square hotel, New Yorkj  Henry George, the great leader of the  plain people of America, the apostle of  the rights of man, died of cerebal apoplexy.  In his great Cooper Union speech  accepting the nomination for mayor, less  than a month ago, he said : "I'll make  this race if it costs me my life. This is  a.call to duty and as a good citizen I  have no right to disregard it on account,  of mere; personal consideration."  The end was peaceful, and be died  Avithout pain. This man of mighty brain  and undaunted courage was "physically  frail, and the strain of an exciting campaign requiring speech-making at'points  many miles apart, night after night,  was more than nature could stand. Hu  kept it up to the end, and only a few  hours before the dread messenger cried  halt, Henry George had addressed enthusiastic audiences.  Henry O'eorge, Avas horn September 2,  lS:-!9. Ho received a common school  education and then went into a counting room. He aa'us also a sailor, and  aftei-Avards learned the printers' trade.  In 1858 he reached California, Avhere he  Avorked at the printers' case until 1800,  Avhen he became ti reporter and after-  Avards editor, AA'orking at different times  on the San Francisco Times and the  Post. He returned to New York in 1880  and Avent to England and Ireland the  folloAving year, where he was twice arrested as a suspect, but afterwards  released Avhen his identity became established.  Mr. George is best known to tbe world  at largo, through his Avritings upon economic questions, notably bis Avork entitled "Progressand Poverty," published  in 187!). His other works are -'Our Land  and Land Policy," in 1871; "Irish Land  Question," in 1.887; "Social Problems,"  in 1888, and "Property in Laud," a controversy  with   the   I.)uke  of  Argyle, in  C, Avill, on his father's return, come  hereto superintend the Avork on the  Adams group of mines. Capt. Adams is  highly pleased Avith the developments  on the Adams. Three shifts a day are  being Avorked under the formanship of  Robt. Cordick. A tunnel is being run  to tap the large ore bodies at a distance  of 400 to 500 feet. It is uoav in 830 feet  and has been in ore for 25 feet. The first  carload of ore avhs shipped in October.  It'passed through the Kaslo sampler at  95H ozs. silver per ton and (>5>�� per  cent. lead. The ore goes to the smelter  at Omaha. On this mine a record has  been made for tunnel Avork. Through  hard rock the cost has been just $7 a  foot.    Chiirges   Dismisses!.  G. Den-  against  the corn-  was dis-  Monday gOA'ernment agent O.  nis heard charges preferred  Recorder Sproat by J. Irwin,  plaint being that the recorder  courteous and unfair in the discharge of  his duties. The hearing occupied most  of the day. When put an the stand Mr.  Irwin failed to substantiate the charges  laid, and the case Avas dismissed, the  government agent holding that they  were worse than groundless.  "I am after Sir Wilfrid Laurier and I  will shoot him,"   wen; the words which  filled the air around  the Kideau Club iu  Ottawa on the morning  of October 19th.  Ferdinand Carriere, from Rhnouski, was  the offender,   and   as   he paced up and  down the  street  flourishing a revolver  and shouting the Avords quoted above  people tied from him in terror.    A bullet  whizzed unpleasantly near to Alderman  15. Powell, who quickly stepped into the I  Kideau :Club and  apprised   the  Police!  Station of the affair,and soon the would-  be assassin was lodged in a cell.    When  summoned before the court  next morning lie explained that he  had had a few  drinks   before   coining   to  tOAvn  Avhich  made him feel a littie gay,but he. wouldn't shoot the Premier for the world.  Hastings County is going to be bored  again for oil, and Mr. E. C. Roseiizi, of  Philadelphia, Pa., is preparing to commence boring immediately. lie claims  that previous borings Avere not of a  sufficient depth, and "is prepared to go  down 5,000 feet.  After consulting Avith his lawyer, W.  H. Ponton is going to sue the Dominion  Bank for $50",000 damages. In consequence of the suspicion cast upon him  by his arrest and trial for the late robbery of the. bank, he Avill he unable to  secure a position of trust for some time.  A valuable discovery has been made by  Dr. A. McPhail, Professor of Pathology  in Bishop's College, Montreal, by which  the discoloration of canned lobsters can  lie prevented by applying heat to the  cans, thus destroying tlie bacteria which  the Doctor says causes the discoloration.  Prospecting is going on at a rapid pace  in the oil districts of Western Ontario.  In Petrolia and surrounding country  every spot Avhere there is a possibility of  obtaining oil is covered by drilling rigs.  Some good wells have been struck on the  London road by the Standard Oil Company.  Tlie trial of \V. H. Ponton, the Dominion Bank teller, Avas brought to a  close on Saturday last. The prisoner  A\-as discharged, as no evidence to prove  him guilty was produced. On reporting at the bank he avsis told by the  manager that ins services would be required no longer.  The town of Windsor, N.S., Avas visited by the fire-fiend this Aveek and is  uoav a mass of blackened ruins. About  4,000 people are homeless. The financial loss is estimated ,.at S:'2,o'J0,000. The  fire is supposed to Iiua'c been the Avork  of incendiaries and three men have been  arrested on suspicion.  Another big lire occurred in Toronto  on Wednesday night, by Avhich the  Shipc Wood Kim Company lost their  machinery and stock. The firemen did  excellent work and in spite of many  obstacles soon got the flames under control. The loss'is about 815,000, partly  covercd by insurance.  is supposed that he took an overdose,  which caused his death. The deceased  Avas one of the best knoAvn men of the  city, and also held a high position in the  Masonic order.  A notification has been received by  the Hamilton directors of the SaAv-Bill  gold mine of Northern Ontario that the  first gold brick from the mine has been  despatched to the head office in that city.  It-is said to be -Avorth about $3,(500 mid  Avtighs 180 ounces. Stock in the mine  has gone aAvay up, and has resulted in a  stiffening of other mining stock.  A settler named Felix Villenenve,  living in llayside township, about fifteen  miles from Sudbury, was murdered on  Tuesday last. His mutilated body Avas  discovered by his little son in a shack on  Avhich he had been working. Mrs. Villenenve and a neighboring farmer have  been arrested. The entire community is  wildly excited as this is the first serious  crime that has occurred there for many  years.  Two famous men in their own peculiar  way are now staying at the Queen's  Hotel in Toronto." They are Lord Percy  Shalto Douglas and Lord Shalto Douglass, sons of the Marquis of Queensbury.  Both gentlemen have been inspecting  some gold locations in the Michipicoten,  and Lord Sholto is president of a big  mining company formed at the American  Soo, with a capital of one million dollars,  for the purpose of developing mines in  the district of Michipicoten.  A trial trip of the Knapp roller boat  was made one day this week on Toronto  bay, and despite the prognostications of  ���many she rolled, though slowly. The  inventor, Mr. Knapp,has expressed himself as well pleased with the success of  his original experiment, and in conversation with a reporter said he was so  certain of the success of bis iiu'ention  that only the other day he refused no  less than ,��.-'00,000 sterling from an English millionaire for his British patents."  A vein of quartz has been discovered  by ,1. H. Lawler, of the Canadian Soo,  about it mile and a half southeast of  Lake Wowa, which is creating even  greater interest than the Dickinson  claim. Se\'eral samples assayed by Mr.  li. McGrae, of the Soo, showed the  juartz to carry gold at the rate of $692.90,  No Avork  although  bills   and   blasting   powder are   there  waiting ttie arrival of the engineer, avIio  will direct the developments.  The Polyglot petition, Avhich contains  about seven million signatures, and  which kept an acti\'e Avoman busy for  two years merely pasting, on the names  and making the petition, \vas on view in  the Massey Hall, Toronto, on Thursday  night of this week. This petition was  sent over from England by Lady Henry  Somerset, in the care of Miss Lury, one  of the delegates from Great Britain to  the convention of the World's Woman's  Christian Temperance Union, now going  on in Toronto, attending Avhich are  delegates from every civilized country in  the world.  'i"324.H0 and $284.70 to the ton.  has been  done   on  the vein,  Nothing is positively known about the  new train and lake service over the C. P.  K. branches in the Slocan, but it is reported the change -will necessitate the  removal of married employees from  Nakusp to Sandon. The passenger  train will probably leaA'e Sandon at  scA-en o'clock in the morning, leaving  Nakusp on the return trip at noon.  The Str. Slocan Avill leave Kosebery at  eight, connecting Avith trains on the Slocan river road. No.i.vV-over at Nakusp,  but. the possibility of ' one at Rosebery  from the afternoon train is the ticket.  The new rule Avill go into effect on or  about the loth inst.  Smelter returns for the 2.1. tons of ore  lately shipped to the. Nelson smelter by  the Chapleau. netted the owners ������"2.5 )���').  '['here is great excitement in St. Catherines over the discovery ' of what is  supposed to he. gold on a farm owned by  Mr. Swayzie, about six miles from (Im  city l'Aperrs from Buffalo, who have  examined the rock, assert that it is a  most Valuable and easily worked deposit of free milling on;.  Several parties, of Haniillonians are  preparing logo to the, Klondike. Wm.  Condon, an old river man, and C. D.  Mills, of the Hamilton Times' staff, will  go together. In fart excitement runs  high in that city, and it is probable that \  no less than one hundred men will leave j  for the gold fields next spring. I  The steamer Cily of Toronto, while  returning Avith an excursion to Peuc-  tang this Aveek was struck by lightning,  which Avent through the boat. The  Captain, A. C. Cameron, was rendered  unconscious by the shock and is now  lying in a Yi;ry precarious condition at  the Marine Hospital iu Collingwood.  The inmates of the St. Vincent de  Paul penitentiary at Montreal are again  in a state, of rebellion and kept up a  continual howling for two days. The  cause of the trouble is being kept quiet  by the. officials, but it is said that it is  on account of their meat being proscribed and gruel substituted in its place.  Dr. George O. Davis, of London, Ont.,  Avas found d'jadin his office on Thursday  eveniiur.    He bad   been   in   the habit of  Next Tuesday evening a musical and  literary entertainment will be given in  the new school bouse, the proceeds from  which Avill goto pay off the indebtedness  on tlie schoolbouse property. A programme of unequal merit has been prepared and the entertainment is sure to  be a great success. The schoolbouse is  a -commodious structure 22\:'0 feet,  Avell    built  and   is   a credit to the citv.  >e well at-  1)0.  put  The  at 50  The entertainment ought   to  tended and without doubt Avil  price of  admission   has   been  cents.  The la'sl Slocan Star dividend Avas  declared on September 15. making-the  total !?.|'.K).0iii). in a recent interview-  Mr. White said : "We have tapped the  ore, in the fifth or lower tunnel and tire  now down tioo feet. The last ledge is  stronger than the others but values are  about the, same. We expect to put in  new rolls at the concentrator soon, to  increase the caoaciiy by about five, tons  daily. The capacity ot the. concentrator at present is betAveen 25 and ISO  tons."  Kx-president Cleveland is the daddy  of a boy and the height of his ambition  is attained, lie is a happier man to-day  than when first elected president of the  Cnited States. The event is considered  of so great importance that Queen Victoria lias sent him a message of congratulation. This alone is a glowing  tribute to  the  perseverance of the man.  Henry Stege  Newmarket buil  Slocan Hotel iu  corner of Sixth i  The   Slocan   is  lias moved out of the  ding and established the  his own building on the  md Belleview Avenues,  a    first-class   hotel, the  ! taking chloroform to induce sleep and it ' patrons.  rooms Avarm and large, a  about it arranged   for the  :id   everything  comfort of the /  2  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897.  Fifth Yeas  'Copyrighted, 1897, by Frank G. Carpi-nter.)  Neav York.���I Avritc- this letter for  young men avIio want'to succeed. It is  penned for poor boys Avho desire to get  rich, and, in short, for every one Avho  cares to study others in the hope that  he may thereby get suggestions Avhich  may help himself. It is the story of a  poor Irish boy Avho landed in NeAV York  with $5 in his pocket, and who ten years  ago retired from business. worth his millions. It is the story of a young who  started an enterprise out of his savings,  and by his brains and industry increased  his capital a thousand fold. It is the  story of a business-man avIio spent more  than a million dollars in newspaper ad-,  vertising and avIio, when the Avorld  laughed and wondered at his extravagance, Avent on to spend more. It is  the. story of a man avIio never owed a  dollar, who never asked credit, but who  throughout his life has benefitted thousands and given tuvay tens of thousands.  It is in short the story of Robert Bonner,  the millionaire founder of the New York  Ledger. I g'iA'e it to you as nearly as I  can remember, in the Avords in which, in  response to my questions, he told it to  me.  IIO.KKKT   UONWKK-AT  SKVENTY-THKKE.  But first let me tell you how Mr. Bonner looked the other night as Ave chatted  together in his home on5Sth Street, NeAV  York. He has a :face and form much  like that of ex-President Harrison, but  he seems to be ten years younger. Tlie  fact is that he is ten years older than Mr.  Harrison. Mr. Bonner's complexion is  rosy, Harrison's is dead and doughy.  Bonner's hair and beard have but Icav  gray strands, Avhile those of.the ex-President are as Avhite as snow. Still Mr.  Bonner is uoav 73. He does not appear  to be 00, and he moves about with the  energy of a man in his prime. He had  spent'the whole, day upon his farm at  TarrytOAvn, inspecting the training of  some of the fastest trotting horses of the  Avorld, but he did not seem to be tired.  During our chat he Avent several times to  rooms in the upper part of his house to  verify matters to which he referred. As  1 Avas abo,ut to leave I asked for his  photograph. He Avent up again to get  it, and Avhen I offered him my pencil to  write his name upon it, he said he .preferred to use a pen, and that he would  run upstairs to Avrite it. I found Mr.  Bonner's soul as young as his body. He  is in sympathy Avith the young men avIio  Asdsh to succeed, and Avhen I asked him  as to- his life and those elements in it  Avhich has contributed to his success, he  answered freely.  DISCONTENT   AX   KLEMKNT  OF  SUCCICSS.  "I hiwe had one principle in my life,"  said Mr. Bonner, "which I think has  largely contributed to my success. I  don't knOAv Iioav I got the idea, but it is  well expressed in a quotation from Ralph  Waldo Emerson, Avhich reads :  "'0 discontented man! Whatever  you. want, pay the price and take it.' "  "I saw those words when I Avas a boy,  and they took fast hold of my mind. I  early learned that Avhatever I got had to  be paid for either in Avork or money,and  I have been Avilling to pay the price."  \2% cents an hour for my early morning  Avork and 1 got therefrom about $3 a  Aveek.  ONLY  TIME   HE   EVKR   AVORRIED.  It Avas later on in our conversation  that Mr. Bonner again referred to this  period of his life. I had asked him 'how  he managed to keep so young and whether he alloAved things to worry him. He  replied:  '' 1 never worry about business matters  as a rule.    I do Avhat  is before me and  let it go.    There are only two days of  my life AA'hich I can remember as having  been full of Avorry ''.about business matters, and these were Avhen I was a boy  doing that extra work  on the  Hartford  Coui-ant.   One day the proprietor told  me that he  thought that some of the  other apprentices ought to have a chance  to make some extra money,  and that 1  ���must let one of them try the press AA-ork.  I The result Avas that I lost my job and  my money for tAvo days.   I can remember uoav Iioav black life seemed to me  then.    The boy Avho took my place, Iioav-  ever, Avas careless and I soon got back  again.    The boy during his second day's  Avork in setting'up on article Avritten by  the editor  made  an item of  $1,500,000  read  $15,000,  leaving  out tAvo  ciphers.  This disgusted the editor and I Avas re-,  instated!   One trouble with the boy avIio  took my place was that his father oAvned  three or four houses in  the toAvn  Avorth  a feAv thousand dollars apiece.   The boy  thought his father was rich and there Avas  no necessity of his being careful, as the  day Avould come Avhen he Avould not have  to work."  a half to three-quarters of a column a  AA-eek that I would pay him $2,000 a year.  I sent a check for $2,000 Avith the letter  as the advance salary for the first year.  He accepted it, and "from that time until  his death he Avrote for the Ledger,"  "What was the nature of his7vrit-  ings?"  "They Avere to a large extent editorials," replied Mr. Bonner. "Many of  them Avere published under the heading,  'Thoughts as They Occur by One Who  Keeps His Eyes Open.' The first article,  I remember, was entitled 'A Canon Ball  in a Hat.' It gave the experiences of a  man Avho attempted to carry aAvay a  cannon ball in his hat. It described how  the cannon ball gre,AV heavier and heaA'i-  er, and Iioav the fear of detection ate  into the soul of the thief. A personal  moral Avas brought out from this Avhich  struck home to eA'ery reader. A great  deal of the matter written by Mr. Beech-  er was not published over his oavu signature, and this Avas also the case Avith  articles of Harriet Beecher Stowc. It  Avas during the years just proceeding tlie  ,war. We had then a large circulatin in  the South, and the name of Mr. Beecher  as one of the contributors Avould have  lost us thousands of subscribers."  HKECriEI". S   XOVEIj  "Was not $30,000  a  for a noA'el?"  "Yes"' replied Mr.  great  deal to pay  Bonner, "it Avas.  K1RST   SAVIXGS   OK  A  MILLIOXA1RE.  "When did you begin to save money,  Mr. Bonner?"  "Just as soon as I. could," AATas the  reply. "You see, I got Arery little at the  start. It took all I made to pay expenses, and I Avas almost of age before I  began depositing in the saA'ings bank.  My Iirst deposit Avas here in NeAV York.  I had come to NeAV York, you knoAV, to  practice my trade as a printer. Well,  about 52 years ago I found that I had  $70 ahead, and Avith that I opened a deposit in the Chambers-street Savings  Bank. When I took the money to the  bank there AA-as one bad bill in it AA'hich  the teller threAV back to me. lean remember to-night Iioav badly I felt Avhen  that dollar came back, and Iioav I concluded to save another soon to put in its  place. I did save it, and saved more  right along. I kept up my deposits in  that bank until they amount to $1,000 a  Aveek. One day I noted that the cashier  had put in red" ink an item of $3 and  some cents beloAv my last deposit. This  Avas my first interest. 'Why,' said I,  'I. did not have to Avork for that,' and  I then first realized that money -would'  make money. It seemed Avonderful to  me."  T/IE  LEDGER  AND  "FANNY KERN'."  "But your arc naturally energetic, Mr.  Bonner?"  "No, I am not," Avas the anSAver.  "When I AA-as a little boy I Avas the  laziest mortal about the house. I hated  to move, though naturally 1 was not deficient. I remember one story they tell  about me. My family AA'ere Scotch-Irish  Presbyterians, and I Avas brought up  upon the Bible aud Shorter Catechism.  I had to learn much of the Bible and was  rather apt to quoting from it. One day  Avhen I Avas about eleven years of age  they tell me I Avas lying in front of the  fire enjoying my laziness when my father  asked me to get some Avood. I arose  sIoavIv and stretched myself and looking  at the fire, exclaimed:  "Job, fifth, seventh: "Man is born to  trouble as the sparks fly upAvards !' "  WORKING   KOR  TWENTV-EIVE   DOLLARS.  "This laziness of mine continued until  I came to this country about a year later  and until I Avent into a printing office at  Hartford, Conn. Then I shook it off.  I saAv that if I wanted to succeed I had  to Avorkand I did Avork. My hours Avere  from 6 in the morning- until G ;at night,  and my Avages Avere for the first year  $25; for the second $35, and for the  third $45. Of course I gotmy board and  clothes in addition. The paper on which  I Avas employed was the Hartford Cour-  ant, the paper Avhich Gen. HtiAvley now  owns. It then had a circulation of 500  copies. I knOAv, for \ had to Avet down  the paper every morning.  I50N.VKK   A   GOOD   PRI.N'TER.  ���T soon saAV that if I wanted to succeed  as a printer I must learn all about printing," Mi-. Bonner continued. "Now  the daily paper away back in the  40's Avas different from Avhat it is iioav.  The most of the, type for the Courant  was set up during the day, a quaiterof  a column of space being left for the latest  news. This a\-hs set up early in the  morning just before the paper Avent to  press. I Avail ted to learn all about press  work, so I. got up at 4 o'clock every morning and Avatched the printers run off the  papers. I Avas anxious to help, but for  sometime they did not ask for my services. At last I. Avas told to get some  water. I replied that 1 AA-ould: do so if  they would teach me to lock up the form.  Tho next day something else Avas wanted, and 1 made them teach me Iioav to  feed the press before I Avould do it. So  I Avent on from day to day always learning something new until I had mastered  the science of press-work. I Avas at this  time only twelve years old, and it seems  to me now that it took some nerve for a  boy of that, age to gel up before daylight  those cold winter mornings just for the j  sake of learning. j  "1 was soon rewarded for my work,  however," continued Mr. Bonner. "One  day one of the printers avIio put tlie  paper to press suddenly announced his  intention of leaving. He was told hy the  proprietor that he could not go until  someone else could be taught to do his  work. 'Why don't you take Robert--'  said the printer. 'He understands how-  to manage a press as well as I do.' So  the}- gave mi-  the  job,   and   I   was paid  "How did you   come   to   found   the  Ledger, Mr. Bonner?"  "The New. York Ledger,"   said  Mr.  Bonner, "A\ras  in 1S50 a  little financial  sheet knoAvn as the  Merchants' Ledger.  At this timed Avas Working in the printing office.    We had an advertising solicitor,   Avho   liked   the   Avay   in which I  displayed his adArertisements.   He left  the   paper   a   little later   on  and    became   connected   with the Merchants'  Ledger.    He told the proprietor that he  could g'et a great many more acWertise-  ments if I were to set them up,  and it  was in this way that I got the offer of a  better    salary    from   the   Merchants'  Ledger.   I took it.  It Avas a small sheet,  devoted to mercantile affairs, and it had  less than three   thousand   circulation.  Soon after I became employed upon it  the  proprietor   AA-anted   to  sell,   and  I  bought him out.    Iran  the paper for a  short time as a mercantile paper and  gradually turned it into a family one.  One day"! decided that if I. had the best  reading matter a   paper   of   that class  could have it would get a very large circulation, and I concluded  to get it.   I  began at once to get ithe best of contributors, and among others secured Miss  Fanny Fern.    Miss Fanny Fern Avas the  most popular Avoman Avriter of that time,  but she had never written for the newspapers.    A book of hers had just had a  circulation   of    something   like   50,000  copies, and  I  think  she rather looked  down ' upon   newspaper . Avork.    I   first  offered her $25 a column for a story.  She refused it.    I wrote her again  and  made the offer $50 a column.   This  she  declined, when the  return mail brought  her   another   offer  from   me of $75 a  column.    Upon this she said to a friend,  ���*I like the spirit of  that  man  Bonner,  and I wish you would go down and see  him.'   Hcr'friend came and Ave eventually got together.  "I then proposed to <n\re her $100 a  column, but said I did not. want the  story to run o\rer ten columns. She replied that she Avould Avrite the story for  $1,000, provided I Avould take it Avhether  it ran nine columns or eleA-en columns,  as she could not tell just Iioav much it  would run out. I agreed to this, and  the story Avas published. The circumstances of the engagement Avere told, and  nearly every newspaper in the country  published my extravagance in paying  $100 a column for a story. I got $50,000  worth of adArertising out of the arrangement, and the people began to ask for  the Ledger. Before this I had had  trouble in getting the ucavs stands to take  the Ledger. After this thev Avere glad  to get it."  "Did Fannv Fern Avrite more for vou  after this?" Tasked.  "Yes; she avrote for me more or less  up to the time of her death, both she  and her husband, James Barton. Fanny  Fern Avas a genius. She had ability  someAvhat like that of Henry Ward  Beecher. Her matter was always interesting and valuable."  STORIES   OF   HENRY   WARD   BEKCHEE.  "Speaking of Beecher, M> Bonner, ho  also Avrote for the Ledger, oid he not?"  "Yes," replied the A-eteran editor.  "He wrote a graet deal for me, and  among other things his? novel 'Xonvood,'  for which I paid him $30,000,  "How did vou become acquainted Avith  Mr. Beecher?" I asked.  "Jt Avas through a poem of one of his  lady friends. He sent me the manuscript, stating that if I used it a check  Avould be very acceptable to the lady. I  Avrote back at once that I had plenty of  poetry, but that I Avanted himself. 1  told him that if he would  give  me from  But I think the venture was a good business inA'estment. The way I came to  pay just this amount was rather curious.  I had made an arrangement Avith Ed-  AA'ard Everett to Avrite a series of articles  for the Ledger. Mr. EArerettwas at that  time the leading statesman of the country along certain lines. He was anxious  that Mount Vernon should be _ bought  and preserved, and he Avas giving lectures OA'er the country for the purpose  of raising the money for what Avas called  the 'Mount Vernon" Fund.' I proposed  to him that I Avould give $10,000 to the  fund if he would Avrite a series of articles  for the Ledger. He accepted it. His  articles AA'ere widely read, and the  Ledger again was the most talked-of  paper in the country. I. afterwards paid  him,-$15,000 additional for other articles.  This Avas some time before I asked Mr.  Beecher to Avrite a'novel. When I did  write I first offered to pay. him $24,000  for the story, or as much as I had paid  Mr.'Everett for.'his writings. Later on  I increased the amount to $30,000.  "Here is what he answered in reply to  my first proposition:  " " 'Plymouth Rock at Council.  "'Dear Mr. Bonner:  "T am almost dumb after reading  A'our proposition, and 1 must clear my  head before I say a word.  " '(Signed) Henry Ward Beecher.'  "When it Avas anounccd that Mr.  Beecher Avas to Avrite the story there  Avas a decided sensation in literary and  religious circles. Some preachers, and  especially a Rev. Mr. Seeley, criticised  Mr. Beeeiier's actions in making money  in that Avay. I Avrote an editorial on  the subject, Avhich was rather facetious,  and sent the proof of it to Mr. Beecher,  suggesting that if he thought Avell of it  that he might give me a recommendation Avhercby f could get a place on the  London Punch. Within an hour after  my boy had left the office he came back  Avith the folIoAvina' note :  of the country. I saw that the morethe  Herald was talked about the more the  people bought it, and when I took the  Ledger I saAV that I must get the paper  talked about. I must not only have a  good paper, but the people must knoAV  it. I Avould not borroAV, but I spent all  ��� my surplus in advertising. One time 1  spent 82,000 for a single adA'ertisement  in the NeAV York Herald ; at another I  offered the Tribune $3,000 for one insertion in the daily, Aveckly, and tri-Aveek-  ly. I paid during- one week ��27,000 for  advertising-, and in one year 8150,000.  These sums in those days'wereas big as  ten times the same amounts iioav, and  many of my friends thought I avus going  crazy. Atone time I paid $25,000 to  the papers for publishing' installments  of a certain story which ended Avith the  Avords, ''continued next Aveek in the  New York Ledger.' I did this once in  the Herald,publishing tA\ro installments,  so that the readers thought that they  Avere going to get the whole story in  the Herald, and then at the close of the  second installment stated that they  must look for its continuation in the  Ledger. All of this rapidly increased  my circulation.  THE  SECRET OF flOOl) ADVERTISING.  "One of the. secrets of good advertising is   to    have   your   advertisement  unlike any other man.    If all tidvertise-  ments in a paper arc displayed, this is  equal   to   no   display.    My   advertise-,  ments AA'ere ahvays' original,  they attracted attention and the publishers of  the. paper avIio Avere averse to display  objected to them.    Once the older Ben-  net sent Avord that 1   must use less capitals.    I ansAvcrcd that I avouUI not use  any, and   repeated   one  sentence announcing a iicav  story oaci' and over  again to the extent of several columns  Avithout a break.    Tlie letter Avere continued out to the  edge of the column  line Avithout   regard to   the   finishing  of the AA'ords, and  the next day I   had  several   columns of   solid  type in the  Herald.   The adA'ertisement Va.s about  the most string the Herald had ever had  aiid after that Mr. Bennett told me that  1 could do as I pleased.   At one time  the Tribnne refused to give me a page  in the weekly.    Mr.   Behnet   heard  of  this and sent   Avord  that  the Herald  Avould ahvays give me all the space  I  AA-anted.   I replied that I Avould like the  Avhole   paper   on   the next  Saturday.  Mr. Bennet said  all  right, and he published an additional sheet, giving me a.  page   opposite   each   page'of  reading  matter.    I could give you fifty other instances of adA'crtisements Avhich attracted attention, but this is enough.   One  of the great secrets of success"! believe  is first to have a good thing,  and then  to adA'crtise it so "that the people cannot help knoAving that you haA'e it."  F. G. Carpenter  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  JaK&Badam&ron  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish'Clothing  ���: in the :���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailofs    Apt.  shops^THflEE F0EKS& SANDON.  '"My  " Tl  Dear Bonner :  think you like to gobble up a  minister or two every year to aid digestion just as hens SAvalloAv g*ravel-stohes.  You'have SAvalloAved me in one Avay and  Mr. Seeley in another. I like my" oavii  Avay best."  " '(Sgd.j Henry Ward Beecher.'  "Then on the other side of the sheet  he had Avritten this recommendation:  " 'To the London Punch :  " 'Robert Bonner desires an engagement on your paper. It gives me much  pleasure to testify to his good character.  No other one man has made me laugh  so much. Just to look at him Avould  make one feel good-natured, and therefore I suggest that his picture be published. Should he begin contributing  to the Punch he Avould in less than tAvo  years oavii and edit it, but othci'Avise he  may be trusted.  " '(Sgd.) Henry Ward Beecher.'  "The letter gives you some idea of  how quick Beecher avjis. The most of  the two hours was taken up in the boy's  going from my office to Mr. Beecher's  house and back, and Mr. Beecher must  have dashed the letter off Avithin five  minutes. He Avas very quick and Avas  ahvays full of ideas."  ABOUT EOAVARD EVERETT.  "What kind of a man AA'as EdAvard  Everett V" I asked.  "He A\'as a very much misunderstood  man," replied Mr. Bonner. "You remember Avhat Wendell Phillips once  said of him. It awls Avhen Mr. Everett  Avas in the Senate. Said Mr. Phillips :  'I am speaking of the Senator from  Massachusetts, not that polished icicle  l.dward Everett, but that human gentleman Charles Sunnier.' When Everett  was our Minister to England Queen  Victoria is said to have remarked that  he avus the only American gentleman  she had cA-er met. Mr. E\-crctt Avas  more than a polished icicle. He Avas  not a mere, intellectuality, but he  Avas a man of great soul. His letters to  me Avere full of feeling. He seldom  slighted anyone. He AAras a high-  minded, conscientious, patriotic Christian gentleman."  "Was he a good Avriter?" I asked.  "Yes," replied Mr. Bonner, "He Avas  the first scholar of the land, and still he  AA'as very careful of hisAvork. He made  no mistakes in punctuation and some of  his articles he, Avrotcand reAvrotc before  he sent them to me. He Avas glad to  get suggestions and sometimes asked  my advice as to the publication of certain paragraphs."  Hats and   Neckties l for  Mrs. Merkley's.  gentlemen at  I have received  mv stock of  Fall  and  Winter  Goods  and invite  the people  of the Slocan to  call in and inspect them.  M. A. WILSON,  The reliable Slocan Tailor,  "Williamson Block, NeA\-Denver, B.C  Brandon, B. 0,  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, eaeli  $1.50  Gold, Sih'er and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Sih'er  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Copper (by Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Sih'er, Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 50  Gold, Silver and Copper   3 O0  Platinum     5 00  Mercury  2 00  Iron or Manganese  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each.   2 00  Bismuth,Tin. Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, eacli  ���! 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  aud  percentage of  Coke, if Coking  Coal)  1 0  Terms: '.Cash "With .Sample.  June 20th. 1805.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Anal fit  Silverton  Drug  Store-iMl,  BIG  MOXEV  FOR  ADVEKTJSR.AIBXTS.  Tlie conversatioiPhcre drifted to ad-  A'ertsing matters, and 1. asked Mr. Bonner to tell ine the secret of his success  in advertising.    He replied :  ''1. can hardly rcmeniher Avlien I Avas  not studying the ad\rautages of different  advertising "features. When I was a  boy the New York Herald was very  much criticised by the other newspapers  Blazer Cigars.  Proprietor,  Silverton,  !of the  In New Denver  Contains all the famous  liquors of the present day.  The cigars are from reliable  makers and give out, when  in action, an aroma that  scents the immediate atmosphere with an odor that is  pleasing to the olfactories of  man.  In the billiard room of this  hotel the ivory spheres can  be set in motion whenever  the public desires it.  ANGUS McGILLIVRAY  /��/^/%^x^y%/%^^x^/%/i^^x^x^x%^/^^mx^x^^K  < NEW DENVER, B.C.    ,���  v Is a iicav house, with new furniture and everything' comfortable  9 for the taaveling public.       The bar has the best goods in the  g market. ANGRIGNON BROS., Proprietors. 0  The Job-  reem  ef  The Ledge  Is the finest west of the Red River   -The   Ledge   carries    the  largest stock of Printing Stationery in Kootenay, and can do  finer work than  any print shop  west of Lake Superior    There are offices that quote  seemingly lower prices, but quality considered. The Ledge is  lower than any. No Chinese or  blacksmiths employed. Send orders by mail, express, freight or  pack train      If you.are in the Slocan metropolis call  in and see  our plant, but do not touch our bull pup's pup, or alloAV the cyclone  caused by our fast cylinder press to blow your plug1 hat out of the  rear tunnel. Come in folks when you have any job printing to  do, or cash that is too heavy to carry, and we will give you a  profitable solution of your trouble.    Come, gentle pilgrims, come.  "Mr-  WH��lWMMI��liaiWff*WimWMMH����JlW<^^  FEED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  LELAND  HOUSE  Makes it one of the Largest and most  Comfortable Hotels in Kootenav.  MRS. D. A. McDougald.  jst.a.:ktjs-*?,  B O Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897.  3  CARIBOO   EACH    TIME.  THE   SOULS   OF   THE   CHILDREN.  Who bids for the little children,  Body and soul and brain ?  AVho bids for tlie little children,  Young-and without a stain ?  "Will no one bid?" said England.  "For our souls so pure and white,  And lit for all good and evil,  The world on their page may write "  " We bid," said Pest and Famine,  "We bid for life and limb;  Fever and pain and squalor  Their bright young eyes shall dim,  When the children yrow too many  - A\rc'll nurse thein as our own,  And hide them in secret places,  "Where none may hear their moan."  "I bid." said Bcggery, howling,  - 1 bid for them one and all !  I'll teach (hem a thousand lessons���  To lie, to skulk, to crawl1  They shall sleep in my hair like maggots,  Thev shall rot in ihe fair sunshine,  And if they serve my purpose,  I hope they'll answer tliim;."  "And I'll bid higher and higher,"  Said Crime with a wollish grin,  "Kor 1 love to lead the children  Through the pleasant paths of sin. ���  They shall swarm in the streets to pilfer,  They shall plague, the broad highway,  Till they grow too old for pity,  Just, ripe for the law tn slay."  ������Prison and hulk and gallows  Are many in the laud ;     '.  "i'were foll'v not to use them.  So proudly do they stand,  (live nie the little children.  I'll take thein as they Ye born ;;  And feed their evil passions  With misery and scorn.  "Give me the little children,  A'e rich.ye gnod, .ve wise,  And let the busy woi'd spin round.  While you shut your idle eyes.  And your judges shall have the work  And your lawyers wag the tongue,  And the jailers and the policemen  Shall be fathers to the young."  "Oh, shame!" said true Religion,  ���'Oh, shame that this should be !  I'll take the little children���  Oh. g-ivelhem all to nie,  I'll raise them up in kindness  Kroin the mire in which they've trod,  I'll teach them words of blessiiig  And lead them up to God.'  ���Charles Mackay.  A    J"OSI*".  OK   SltlSNCB.  "I have tAvo or three patients who arc  illAvith nervous���prostration, and avIio  could he cured if they A\rould stop talking," a nerve specialist is quoted assaying. ''They Avaste their nerve tissue as  fast as I cm supply it, and they are on  the verge of hysterics all the t'hrie. A  .woman if she'he inclined to talk too  much, should time herself just as she  would take medicine, and alloAV herself  just So many minutes of talk.  ''Noav, tlie o11ier day. a 1 ady avho is  troubled with insomnia came to my  ollice for treatment. She had been talcing drugs. She told me ahout her  ��� troubles,'and her tongue ran like the  clapper of a farmhouse bell at dinner  time. ' Finally I stopped her, 'Do you  talk as much as that ��� very often, madam?' I .asked.  ''She drcAv herself rip and said in an  offended tone, 'This is no laughing matter, I assure you. I am worn out from  lack of sleep," and though my family do  all things possible'to divert my niind,  and I make calls ami see people all the  time, 1 get steadily Averse. I am Avorn  to a shadow.    Why last summer���:  ''And so her toiigtic rattled on, until  I again had to stop her. 'Xoav listen to  ��� my prescription,' 1 said. 'Go home and  keep still. Don't talk. At breakfast,  allow your husband to read the paper  without interruption. After breakfast  sew a little, in your own room. Head as  much as you please. Walk long distances if you are strong enough. , Do not  make many calls. At dinner talk all  you please, but spend a quiet cA'oning  li you go to the theater do not talk  much during the play. Exercise a little  self-denial, "it Avill lie hard at first, for  you are a chatterer, hut if you per-  scA'cro you ah 11 succeed and your nervous svs'teni Avill get rest.'  ."Well, I don't think she liked it, hut  if she took mo seriously 1 can cure her  in a mouth.    Do   I.   have   many   such  holding on   vigorously  to some  ohject  Avhich she could not see.  It was a most puzzling affair. The  neighbors stared. After a deal of Avhip-  cracking and other impressive ceremonies, the cart AA'as backed against the  curb. There reposing calmly, end up,  in the centre of cart floor, Avas the identical spool of thread AA'hich she had  "ordered." It seemed to be coming all  right. With the aid of a plank, it Avas  finally rolled, barrel fashion, safely on  the sideAA-alk. After a mortal struggle it  Avas "up-ended" on the purchaser's doorstep. The fact that the purchaser came  out a minute later and kicked her oavii  property into the gutter detracted nothing from it.  A    SUltdlCAL   TKIU.MI'.  (OKIGJXAL)   111' DAW.  Last night I sat a-smoking in the Union Hotel,  (And perhaps I did a little drinking too.)  1 puffed my good Havana���sipped the glass I love  right well.  Whilst  my  thoughts  they   wandered   back   to  Cariboo. '  Once more I saw Jack Stewart stake the old Bonanza claim,  Once more I saw him working day by day,  Living hard���cursing' hard���toiling, but'in vain.  And damning' luck because it didn't pay.  Once more I saw Jack Stewart, with a hole bore d  in his head,  Once more I buried him to rest his rest ;  His little squaw  wife  howling  loud enough  to  wake the dead  jnton Bros'  book store.  CALGARY  and  SLOCAN CITY.  I'rokfii I'uclc, IJrokcn Heels mul I'iiralyz-  �����(! 'tody Itostoivri to Sli^-iif^'li.  Last October Albert Johnston, Avith a  back broken at the himbte A'ertebne, two  broken heels and a body paralyzed from  the chest "down, avhs .admitted to the  Long Island College hospital, Brooklyn.  Noav Dr. Geis, the house surgeon, entertains hopes that he may enterely recover.  For .three months tlie paralysis was  complete. He was placed on a Avater bed  Avith his legs in splints. "A bed sore soon  made its appearance over the fracture,  and gangrene set in in both feet. These  Avere remedied without operation. In  January Johnston was able to move his  feet, by the middle of the month his  knees, and iioav he can raise and bend  his legs from the hips.  In April he was placed on a regular  bed. Now, with assistance, he can move  around on crutches. The fractures have  healed, tlie muscles are coming into use,  and Aveakness, seems to be the greatest  trouble. .Should his recoA'ery be complete it Avill.bc an evidence of great surgical skill.���Exchange.  THE   lUJRAIi    CORRESPONDEXT.  at this hour; you  rascal:-'"  roared the  colonel.  "Well, I tell you Iioav it is, sah," Morocco answered, taking off his hat.  "You see, Mars John, I got a jimmv-  john of Avhisky in toAvn to keep off de  l'heuniatiz film de ole woman, and, sail, I An' me.a-shovelling hard, boys !-whieh was best.  while I was a-Avalkin' Ion de road 1   *r0In]|{JdS thiK "'ith which  slips 011 de ice and bust  de   jiminyjohll, JI flung-it far awav into the stream.  so dat he licker run all   out   in de-road, 11lived the old days o'er again���the days of wealth  and made little puddles in   de wagon  tracks and horse tracks.    Den, sah,   I  gets down on de ground and laps up all  1 could, sah.   Dat's Iioav cum it:;o, Mars  John."  "You black rasCal, Iioav much did you  drink ?" the colonel asked, with mock  seA'ei ity.  "We'll, sah, Mars John, sah, I c'pose 1  inns' er save more 'en a quart."���Current Literature.  did need.  As I sat in Hugh Brown's bar-room in a dream.  I can singit in my ditty, I can Aveave it in my  rhyme.  It was Cariboo ! .Cariboo!! "Cariboo each time !! i  Oh, the good old "Sixties!" the. days of the old  , gold run,  When I took over.poor Jack Stewarts' claim ;  And worked away like blazes���same us he had  done.  And likewise like hiin, toiled for long in A'ain.  I was without a single friend, in years was but  a boy  Whilst working 'way like h���1 in Stewart's ditch  With a 'face just like a funeral, tho' brimming  o'er with joy,  Because at ia*t 1 struck it! struck it rich !    j Oil that yellow   shining gold!   Those days in  Tlie Owen Sound Sun is an up-to-date j t,,,^^^", hlll.ied .lujnUl llMJoUl8lmck flo0r,  journal and reaches .its readers twice a ! Full of what Jack Stewart had hoped to hide there  Aveek. Under a recent change of man- | Enough to keep me all my life., and p'raps a little  agementtheSun.has also  experienced   lK0���^-mirti the L.diaus witli tl.e precious  I "a change of heart," and raised the flag    ;     pucks-  ' .     �� . ,, .    ,    ,       J he banker as he wrote out the receipt���  if Independent journalism,   in this las')-   The old folks welcome���Annie's too���myself a-  ANOTHI'lt    riVDKPEN'DKNT.  Books, Stationery,  Wall Paper,  Sporting* Goods,  Fishing- Tackle,  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobaecoes,  Mineral Glasses, Mining Laws & Maps.  Fish a-bitin',  'Skcetcrs liglitin';  Nothjn' slirrin' at this writin'.  01' John Adler,  Dickey liadler.  Been a vis't'in' Uncle Spraddler.  Major Jason  Beats creation  For the primary nomination.  Col. Sprawliir  Is log-hiuilin.  Not much rain,an' millponds fallin'.  Uncle lleiishun  Got. Ids pension.  Not much measles now to mention.  Snakes!   Dan Sutton  Killed, at Ilutton,  Sixteen rattles an' a button,  Crops need ra.iniu',  Folks eomplainin',  No more now from yours remainiif,  ���Atlanta Constitution.  Prussia's Ainlxvr Monopoly.  cases? We, I should say -I did! It is  almost safe, to declare there neA'cr is a  case of real acute nervousness unless  the woman is a talker. With a man it  is different. He may worry himself into  insanity or complete loss of ; rain power, if his business goes wrong. The  nervous woman seldom has any real  Avorries; she only talks. 'Keep quiet a  feAv hours e.Arcry day and you will be a  well woman,' isAvhat' I tell half my avo  man patients.'   And it is true*j"  The Avorkihg of amber  in  Prussia is a  monopoly in the hands of a  firm Avhich  owns the two  best  mines,   1'almnicken  Pahnnicken and  Kraxtepelle.    For  the  concession they have,  according to a report from the .British Consul of Dantzic,  ro   pay   to the   German  government  a  royalty of li.SO.000 marks a year.    It is  reckoned that this firm   has, up to now.  paid no   less  a  sum   than   $1,000,000 in  royalties to   tlie   German   government.  In addition to the output from the mines  in 1805, a good deal of amber was picked  'up on the beach at Pillau,in the province  of East Prussia,   being  washed  up with  the sea   weed  (luring  the prevalence of  north-westerly    gales.     The   shore   at  1'illau after, a storm is sometimes covered  with a layer of seaweed  three feet thick,  among which   the   amber   is  found entangled.    Men, women and children find  easy and lucrative employment in searching for the amber along this part of the  amber coast:   The   people engaged  in  this precarious work often earn $(> a day  and more.    In   1805  ahout   100   tons   of  raw amber came to Dantzic to be worked  up, as compared   with   140  tons in 1.884.  It was nearly all   melted  to   make kick  and varnish.  (  ion :��� ,  "One of the curses of Canadian politics, in the past, has been the blind adherence of men to mere names. The  Avords 'ConserA'ative' and 'Liberal' are  used to juggle nien out of their right  senses. Why should a man call himself  either a Conservative or a Liberal because his father was one or the other?  'Why should a man label himself in his  youth with a party badge, and be led  around by the nose for the rest of his  days by other men wearing a similar  badge? Reason and common sense,  education, and the'ability to hear, to  read, to ponder and to come to an intelligent conclusion on the merits of a  case and in accordance Avith the facts-  tire all of these given to men for nothing?"  A long and spirited article is concluded Avith the following very stirring exhortation :���  "Be a man. If you have to leaA'e your  party to vindicate your conscience do  so. Your conscience is your oavii ; your  vote is your own. Who "has given any  individual or combination of individuals  the right to say 'Thus and thus shalt  thou mark thy ballot and notothenvise?'  Let us have the courage to be men���not  craAvling, miserable slaves. What Canada needs is more citizens Avho Avill judge  of political questions on their merits,  avIio Avill do right Avithout reference to  party badges. Dare to be a Daniel, dare  to stand alone!"  The Sun has a ring of freedom wonderfully refreshing to every thinking  Canadian in these days of "stand-by-the-  party."  i pood  Artificial Kurs Works of Art.  makiny tracks  To church, to wed my little bride, so sweet.  j 1 can,siuy it in my ditty, I can weave it in my  I rhyme,  It was Cariboo ! Cariboo!!  Cariboo each time !!!  And when I hear these Klondike yarns floating  all around,  The old blood starts u'huriiing in my veins,  1 treat the hoys right royally, the hoys who're  northwards bound,  And tell them how I worked and g-ot my <,rains,  I tell them my life's story and of how I once went  back  Armed with but a gravestone and a debt.  How 1 got it to the hill,  to mark tlie spot where  Jack.  Laid, and where I know he's lying yet.  And when I think of my pal Jack���the best 1  ever had!  I .sometimes get a moistening in the eye.  I knew him as a man, yes, and knew him as a lad,  And 1 guess that I will see him bye-aiid-bye.  So.here's to you Jack, here's to you, and the g  old days of yore,  An' I drink'a health'.to the Bonanza too.  I'll meet you at tlie "other place" if not the "Golden Shore,"  And then we'll talk again of Cariboo.  I can sing it in iny ditty. I can weave it in my  rhyme,  It was Cariboo ! Cariboo !! Cariboo eacli time !! !  August 2<;th. 1807.  Union Hotel, Revelstoke, B.C.  Furnish elegantly "and cheap, Parlor  sets in rugs and plush. New designs in  fancy chairs, couches, etc. At loAvest  prices at Crowley's Noav Denver. Endless variety of PilloAVS, Beds and Mattresses.  DAvelling House, Six Rooms, to rent.  Furnished or Unfurnished.  Apply to Thompson, Mitciiell & Go.  "What Worried Kim.  J. A. McKinnon & Co.,  ee;cr a I McrchaRts  Silverton, B.C.  Ship goods to. any part of the District.       Their store is the  largest in  the Slocan country.  2&XI-JL  Opposite New Denver, is now in operation.       Orders promptly filled..  Address letters to New Denver.  "What's the  matter?"  said the Avay-  ! farer Avho was  approached by  a mendi-    cant, "Something on your mind?"  "No, sir," Avas the reply.    "AVot Avor-  The making of artificial ears has Avell-   ries me ain't somethin'on me mind.  It's  nigh reached perfection.  They arc made j nothin' on me stomach."  of speciallv prepared rubber that can be ,   crumpled "without injury and arc care- Carpets, floor cloth, rugs, mats, cur-  fttllv painted to resemble the natural tains. Bedroom sets in ash and oak.  organ. AVhen one ear is gone the man-i Largest stock in Slocan-Kootenay.  ufacturer makes a model'of the other ! CROWLEY, above Lkdgi* Office, New  ear, and from that model constructs the ! Denver. Freight paid to all Lake Points  artificial member. Then it is as care-'! arid Sandon.  fully touched up as a line oil paintin  AVhen completed it costs from $1.00  $125.  XT   I, AST.  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  'l'limitrbt  Ilini an  KpiseopaIiuu.  A    AVONDEIt    ">'*"    TH.!':    AGJ<*.  "Sir," said the fair youm"' girl to the  rich business man, "f. suddenly find myself alone in the avo rid, and must earn  my living in some Avay, but Iioav I do not  know."  "Cm," said the plutocratic gentleman; "what do you do? Are you a  typewriter?"  '7\'o, sir. T am sorry to say I never  learned "  "Can you sing ?"  "Xo, sir, not a note.    1���-"  "Plav the piano?"  "No." sir."  "Cook?"  "No, sir."  "Write for it paper?''  "Xo, sir."  "What! Don't you do any of the  tilings that iiiiity-nitie women out of a  hundred do nowadays?"  "Xo, sir. I'm afraid my education has  .been neglected, and ''  A great light of happiness  the bachelor millionaire's i;  Iy darling  lie criei  ' overspread  ce.  "Mv ideal!  At last I have found you ! Tell me that  you will be my own adored little wife!"  ��� Ncav York Journal.  ., Lincoln once attended a revieAv of the  1st Corps, commanded, by General  Reynolds, on a beautiful plain at the  north of Potomac creek, about eight  miles    from    Hooker's     headquarters.  Noah .Brooks tells the story: AVe read  thither in an ambulance, over a rough  corduroy road;'and,, as Ave passed OA'er  some of the more dillicult portions of the  jolting Avay, the ambulance driver, who  sat well in front, occasionally let fly a  volley of .suppressed-, oaths at his wild  team of six mules. Finally, Air. Lincoln, leaning fonvard, touched the man  on the shoulder, and said:���  "Excuse me, my friend, are-you-an  Episcopalian?"  The man. greatly startled, looked  around and replied : ���  "No, .Air. President, I am a .Alethod-  ist,"  I'unViitl.y, wiili iinuluiicu proper,  .Al;iry '.Ann McCorkadiil  AW'iitril. liki. a  l>ni~s-trininial co  Or a dai.-sy in tin; doll,  For a Illiquid made lo order.  FramcMl and set oil' with a border.  ..Alary waited, waited, wailed.  While her timid heart deluded  On the qualities, snrpassin--,  . That iier lover mint adorn.  Hijrli in virtue, all outclassing.  All dark vices he must sc.'i'n.  He must have a roll of money  And ;i temper sweet; as honey,  \\r!th a college education  Suiting his e.\a Red siatioii.  Xo jrood qualities were missed  As she slowly conned the list.  Thus she waited, waited. Availed,  Lontiiiiy'ly and still miniated ;  Hut her path he did not cross,  So she wed a section boss:  ���Chicago Ut  pper  HE  ���m  L'oru.  A     Wonder of   the    Age  KAl'llKl!    TALI,.  IT   WAS   S.KST    TO    ifl'OK    .BIOUSK.  A certain pretentious shopper, after  teasing tlie clerks of a dry goods store  beyond the forbearancelimit. pompously  ordeivd a. spool of thread to'lie sent to  her hous's. it was agreed that she  should be made an example of, and a  Avarning to her kind. Shu w.as surprised,  and her neighbors were intensely inter-,  ested, shortly after she had arrived at  home.. A common dray drawn by four  horses proceeded slowly up to her door.  (Hi the dray, with hare arms. were, a  numher of stalwart laborers.    TheyAvere  There seems to be some uncertainty as  to tbe size of our great mother. The  French Orientalist, llenrion, member of  the Academy, however, fixed it with a  precision satisfactory, at least, to himself. He giA-es the following table of the  relatiA'e heights of several eminent historical personages :-���  Adam was precisely 1.24.ft. !) in. high.  Eve Avas precisely ilSft. !i.7"> in. high..  Noah was precisely 10'! ft. high.  Abraham Avas precisely 27 ft. high.  ."doses was precisely !:���! fr. high.  Hercules ^''is precisely C> ft. high.  Alexander Avas'preeisely (i I'i. high.        |  Julius C;esear was precisely "t ft. higli. I  "Sir," said the lair  young girl to the  rich business  man.     "I   suddenly  find  myself alone in the world, and must earn  my living in some way, , but Iaoav I do  not knoAV."  "Urn!" said the . plutocratic gentleman ; "what do you do? Are vou a  typewriter?"  "No, sir. I am sorry to sav I never  learned "  "Can you sing?"  "No sir.    Not a note.'   1 "  "Plav the piano?"  "No," sir."  "Cook?"  "Xo, sir."  "Write, for the papers?"  "Xo, sir," i  '/What! Don't you  things that, ninety-nine  hundred do nowadays'."  "Xo,   sir.     I'm   afrah  has been neglected, and :  A great light of happiness  the bachelor millionaires face.  "'   ����-.-;.��i     ".My ideal!  Tell  me-that  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a neAV three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining-j  and Commercial men Avill appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And ��  Comfortable  $\g     Rooms  ���^  Fitted AArith every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates ��2.50  and #3 per day.  COCKLE & PAP WORTH,  Proprietors.  rospectors  osel  The  northern  connecting  point of  the C. P. E. on Slocan Lake.  OS  lias "die only safe harbor north of  Slocan City.  Sosebery  It is at Eosebcry Avhere tbe beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where tbe employees can bring ,  their families.  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you Avant a lot. They  are going up.  & BARRETT  Mining Properties of  all kinds war ted for  English market.  Si-mi full panii.'iiliir.s f.i  Alining l'n>k<  RICIIAKI) IT.EW.MAX  '. U. Box 7:Vi.   Kos.sl.'lll.l, 11.  C  osebery  Men are iioav grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are about to be erected.  do   any   of   the  women  out, of a  I   my  education  iverspread  1     ."'Aly darling':"   ne eneo  At last I haA'e fonnd you !  yon will be my own.a'doro(  ��� Xew Yoric .Journal.  6><fm,We>fih  DR. A. 3[ILLOY  OEKITSSTB  r9  h3BJ'  little Avife.  ��� ,'iil>;iii'-;    Si!\!  Al im  Having- pl.'icefl some in;v.' iiricliincrv  .in our .\Iili. u'i^ Mi'is' |ii-i:ji;irof| in fur  nisli nil kimU of  n.iu.irii  ;ni(i ilresscd  Room 17,  Hlackvs  Bandon.  IL  ^��  79  Hotel.  ������liver mines, says the  stopped Ai'orlc of 'ale  n silver, 'lie.; Innai  ) j'rovinee. wiiieli em-  Ki'lli (!!���:<  '.I'iClOitl t  Alitny vears hei'ore l.'ie war had disturbed the patriarchal relation hoi ween  master   and    slave   in   tlie   smith,    an  as siirpris-  Xearly   all   the  Japan Afail.  have  oAvinjr to the fad!  silver mine in   1V  P'lt.iyed    ahotit   -V.iiiJU   noii'Ts.    proiluci  a'ni'.tt ���7>;l kiu!inine   of  sih'er per month.  Tiie ov, nrr < >i" the mine lately Vil ted up  machinery ai a cost <>i  i .in ui'der to expand i he  e spring, !.>nt now that  iitO'd so greatly he. ['A^i  and   (!iseh;n-y;e Jill   his  5,  5 ME  :j.(-  o  - 3 ,T\ r^.  V.'  X^s  A.jt'Li  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become, the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having;abundance  of wafer .and being easy of access to  the .Mining (Jentre.    Watch this  h\  Terms, I cash; balance three and six  months.  i "or full particulars apply to  A, Al. BEATTIE,  (.'encral Agent.  '" r ,T\ /vj ���?"�� .-rr. <~: /������'<  7"5*j n^s'  I new   i  | aiioiit.  AVi.irk i  1 silver  v, i; I  ���1' i-t.  ,ll  <:���  i'i.'." ���".:  i:irr...\'-,  viii".  >:- .<]/.i-d  Li ST:  ] ! . IS  .'...-!  v ro  7!, ������ ��� i  re:  ele.o'aaiii' lv(Mifm-ky ciloiie! was .-  ed to see, iiis favoi'iie .Morneeo  jicross I he yard drnnk as ;: lord  day. and two weeks bef.'nvt "hris  ���\r  L-t.u'ger  li miil-  mas.  nit do yon   nietm hy iieino1 drnuk  m mors.  .'vi inn:ie!>-e a  iewei- than ��� 'n;i>  New I )eii\'er.    r  V.o Sa'-''   "i   ::j;d ;|  "i'iment, of ftiriiititr!  prices,   ar <  I'owiey',-  ���i.'i'ht.   paid   on order  ^"iocan poinis.  ������-     to -J 1   '  -'I  ''It; :������'< '  Flo.,rm-. T  A' j.'ii'i i '-hi  " K'li-tic.  s!i!-;-;',','',.i'| It.  \ li:,:-:- : I  .!;  1:.'  ���-rt.  a ��w."  A '"r;: ��1  9  L... r.  Do you AA'ant Ink ?  Do you want; Tviu- ?  Do you Avant Stereo i'laics?  Do you Avtmi, io ti'ade 1'resses. ?  Do you Avant to trade Pa] er Cutters ?  D" vou want Axvnuxr;  in  the  way  oi' Printing Ahi'eritU.  ' !* V .-" fl .;>  .. .1 nr  iii.  i  \fX Q;ir  C.CROi'-E.  '��� i  oronto Type  rouiidryCo.,Ltd.  cut,  PETER  GSMELLE & Co  on  CX:\   ..      ..  S" i ���;';��� ' >;Q V��  ^2() Cordova  "A  ,  Sn*;*et  VANCOUVER. B.C THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897.
Fifth; Yeah
The Ledge.
.Puld'shed every Thursday.
R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.
French government that any invas
j ion of that territory Avould be con-
j.sidered an unfriendly act.
! If both nations insist on holding to
; the positions taken there is liable to be
'I trouble, and the only thing that can
to avoid a conflict.will be
Three mouths ;
•Six       ••■ i-"^'j be done
thhkk YKAi{.s.V.'.V.'.'.'.\\'.'.'.\'.'..^'..'.'.'.'.^.'...' F.ioo'ja humiliating back down on the part
Transient Advertising, 25 cents i>er line Iirst in ; Qj Qne Q1. j.fig other.
■sertion. 10 cents iter line subsequent   insertions
nonpareil measurement.
Correspondence from every partof the Kootenay
District and communications upon live topics
always acceptable. "Write on both sides of the
paper il you wish. Ahvays send something good
no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it
is hot. and we will do th". rest
This England is
not liable to do and hot-headed
France is just as likely to maintain
the same contraryness. At all events,
there is good, ground for war talk,
and for the next week or two many
an heroic battle Avill be fought in the
columns of the neAvspapers.
The Toronto Telegram observes
that: "Time was when the gold
product of Canada would not fill the
teeth of her own people, and time
The United States press, and especi-jAvill be when the gold product of
ally that section ot it representing! Canado will fill the coffers of the
manufacturing and trading interests, j world." How true this is. And yet
are speculating as to whether the j if a Canadian mint is not established,
Liberals now in power at Ottawa are ! and that very soon, all of her gold
working toward  the   attainment of j will bear the fiat of the American
ranks of a great hut corrupt party.
Henry George toured all the leading
British colonies, spending nearly a
year lecturing in Australia, and in
Ncav Zealand, where for years a
modification of his Single Tax theory
is in operation. His best known
Avorks are ''Progress and Poverty,''
published in 1879. His other works
are "Our Land and Land Policy," in
1872 ; "Irish Land Question," in 1897;
"Social Problems,"in 1888. and,"Property in JLand," a controversy with
the duke ofArgyle, 1884; "The Condition of Labor," an open letter to
Pope Leo XIII. 1889, and "Perplexed Philosopher" (Herbert Spencer), in
general free trade, or moving toward
the formation of an Imperial zollver-
eagle or the English soverign and
Canada will have to pay royalty tor
They appear disposed to see i the use of it in the way of interest,
room for conflicting interpretations'
between the statements of Sir Wilfrid
Laurier in London and the new tarriff ] Sm robert Giffin is an English-
act. The relevant clause in the act j man He has an international repu-
runs as follows. , tation as an advocate of the single
"When the''customs tariff of any gold standard. He was one of the
country admits the products of Canada fourteen members in the British com-
on terms which, on the Avhole, are as     .   . . t  , t    .      .     .      ..
favorable to Canada as the terms of! raissl0n appointed to inquire into the
the reciprocal tariff herein referred | causes of the agricultural depression
to are to the countries to which it | prevalent in England, He dissented
may apply, articles which are the j from tj,e findings of the majority of
growth, produce,   or manufacture  of'
such country, .when imported direct
therefrom, "may be imported direct
into Canada, or taken out '.of'warehouse for C' nsumption therein, at the
reduced rates provided in the reciprocal tariff set forth in schedule D."
The schedule D here mentioned provides for a reduction of one-eighth of
the standing duties up to July, 1898,
and thereafter of one-fourth.
It must be admitted that so far the
, position ot the Liberal  party is somewhat ambiguous, but the question must
the commission, which laid the blame
at the door of silver's demonetization.
He concedes, however, that the demonetization of silver caused an appreciation ot gold, that this appreciation of gold forced a severe fall in
prices, and that this steady tall in
prices brought about a violent disturbance of industry and commerce.
Admitting these facts, he is still opposed to the restoration of silver, contending that it is better to endure the
be interpreted in the light of the fiscal j slow decline in prices brought about
policy of Great Britain and the colon- J by the gold standard than to invite a
disturbance in financial circles by returning to bimetallism. Listen to his
Avords of wisdom:
' Although the fall in prices in the
first few years after 1873 was disconcerting, an 1 the effect has been aggravated somewhat by the almost
continuous decline- that has since
taken place, yet there is no doubt
that business generally has been
adapting itself to the neAv conditions,
and the later effects are not to be
compared with the first. The conclusion is that the further we are removed from the period of violent
change beginning in 1873, the less
necessity on any ground, and the less
possibility of an artificial change
backwards, supposing a change to be
possible at all."
Sir Robert may be a Avise man from
the standpoint of a gold tnonoraetallist
but his conclusion is certainly a ludicrous one. He concedes that the
decline in prices has been continuous
since 1873 and intimates that it will
continue as long as the single standard is maintained. And his conclusion is that the longer this goes on,
the higher gold appreciates and the
lower prices depreciate, the less necessity on any ground is there for a
change. To illustrate the absurdity
of this conclusion it, is only necessary
to give his words a broader meaning
and hold that the wealthier the money
lords become the more beggarly Avill
become the masses of the world, and
therefore a change is unnecessary.
Sir Robert is evidently inoculated
with that germ of greed that is
fast permeating the moral atmosphere,
in which the Avealthy live, that knoAvs
no God but Mammon and considers
the poor as so many  blocks of wood
ies generally. The obvious meaning
of the clause quoted is that Canada is
making an offer of reciprocal trade to
all and sundry, the effect of which
must be to work toward the gradual
adoption of a reduced tariff, which is
in the direction of free trade. Sir
Wilfred Laurier has said that while
the clause does not give Great Britain
a preference by name, it does in fact.
"Before bringing in our tariff." he
has explained, "Ave looked carefully
round the world and Ave found England to be practically the only country which receives our products
freely. We desired to show England
our erratitude, and at the same moment go as far as Ave could in the
direction of free trade, and we framed
our preferential clause with this end
in view."
It is now in order for our cousins to
avail themselves of the olive branch
extended to them by this country before it is too late, for the people of
Canada, whether Liberal or Conservative, are resolved on an imperial customs union, the essence of Avhich
would be discrimination against the
products of foreign countries, in favor
ot similar commodities produced by
the component parts of the Empire.
From France we have an intimation
of possible trouble for Britain.   The
Paris press are urging the government to send relief to the Madhi, and
it is stated that French troops are iioav
on  their   way   to Khartoum.     The
ostensible reason is that the policy of
France demands that the integrity of
the Ottoman empire  be maintained
and in order to promote the interests
of the Sultan, the Soudan is to be proclaimed an independant state under
the suzerainty, of Turkey with France
at its back. If this be true, and there
is no room for doubt,   we  have the
prospect   of  an   open   rupture with
France.   We will now be speculating
on the possibility of an understanding
between  France and Russia which
would account for the trouble on the
borders   ot Afghanistan   sim'ultani-
ously Avith an attack on the British
occupation of Egypt.   The increase of
the naval and military estimates in
the recent British budget will be better understood now by the public, than
when the Commons  voted the cash
almost without debate.
Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00
Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00
Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40
Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.
Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,
E.S.Clodston, General Manager,
A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.
A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.
W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.
" James Aird, Secretary.
Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and
the United States,       '   * ■
New Denver branch
A general banking business transacted.
The United States government
has evidently concluded that it cannot or should not OAvn and operate
railroads. There was a splendid
chance for the experiment in the case
of the Union Pacific which is now being offered to the highest bidder. A
strange feature of the business is that
the only competitors for the road are
two British syndicates. Had we the
late Sir John MacDonald in power he
would have outbid them both and
having secured i,the road by public
money would make it a present to
the C.P.R.
The demand for sensational journals is treated in an able article in the
November number of the Arena. It
is an arrainment of the trashy sensationalism which is doing much to degrade the character of the American
people and loosen the foundations of
national morality upon which the life
of a nation rests. Even among the
better class of neAvspapers we have
the details of the latest prize-fight
which could be Avell spared.
seas comprises one first-class battle
ship, four first, three second, and one
third class cruisers, besides seven gun
boats and several turpido boat destroyers and others. It is evident
that the naval activity of Great
Britain in the Pacific indicates preparation fpr an early conflict in which
Japan Avill be an ally against Russia
with possibly France Avhose Anglophobia has intensified since the recent
visit of President Faure to Russia.
Little is being said about these preparations in the English press, but
they are, taken in conjunction with
the menacing attitude of Russia in
the Orient, of deep interest to us.
Notary Public.
Complete lists of claims for sale.     Abstracts of claims, conveyancing
We publish on page la very interesting article from the pen of Hon. A.
J. Utley, of Los Angeles, Cal., a man
who probably has given greater study
to the financial question and the relative value of money metals than nine
out of ten of the professed financiers of
America; one who is considered an
authority on the question and Avhose
opinion has been sought by many of j moulded and prepared and sent into
the leading financial journals of the j this world t0 add fuel t0 Mammon's
United States. His writings are al- j flame f0l. the warmth of wealthy
ways accepted as ind isputable author-; worshippers at his shrine.
ity,   and   have    been   given   wide j  —---r=^--—
circulation throughout the States.
A big English company has bought
the scene of Charles Kingslay's beautiful poem "Mary call the cattle home
across the sands of Dee." kOn the
sands where "all alone went she"
will be houses and the unpoetic factory Avith the smoky chimney, and if
Mary's cattle should stray on the old
camping ground they will be led to
the "pound" on the newly circumscribed fields, for the marshes where
Mary met her fate are doomed.
fiotes of the w^k-
The death   of Henry George removes from  the turbulent arena  of
politics one of the extraordinary men
ot our time.    "As a man  and a philosopher it will be a long time before
his like  "vvill   be  seen   again.    His
goodness and  gentleness singled him
out among all men,   and Avith  others
il almost worshipped  him."   Such is
i the. tribute paid  by  the venerable
j Father McGlynn.  Henry George was
!a great man.    His Avritings on social
; and economic  problems stand  alone
in advance of the  verv front rank of
THK    I'.ORI'Ol'AN'    WA.lt    CLOU").
The latest war cloud is that float
ing over Boregu, a district ot Africa
in the Western Sudan, stretching from
the meridian of Greenwich east to
the Niger. This territory is claimed
by England and by France, both nations want it and declare they will
hold it. French troops have been
dispatched to the district to quell any
disturbances that might arise through
the presence there of the British
At the present time it appears to be
a case of grab, at which play Grea-
Britain is the star performer. In a
recent speech the French colonial j our great thinkers. He Avas pure. | something is expected to "drop" in
minister, M. Labon, intimated that it \ the arts of the political trickster Avere I the Pacific. In conjunction with the
was the cardinal   principle of France'despicable to hiin,   and therefore   he j $7,000,000 about to  be spent by the
George M. Pullman, the millionaire sleeping car builder, has passed
over the border where trades unions
Avill no longer ruffle his avaricious
soul. He managed to get his pile up
to seven millions and out of it he left
to five of his most devoted employees,
who Avere chiefly instrumental in
creating the millions, a paltry $5,000
each, It is remarkable that the off
spring of millionaires generally and
especially the sons, do but seldom
inherit their fathers traits of industry
and thrift. Pullman's tAvo sons, although groAvn men. are left in charge
of a guardian Avith whom it is discretionary to give or Avithold a dollar
of spending money. Possibly Mr.
Pullman never had much time to
spend with his boys and Avas re ward -
ed for this neglect of dutv in finding
his boys as he states, mentally incompetent to handle money.
Kamloops is credited Avith   having
a couple who are invoking the Provincial courts to divorce them. There
is some doubt as to whether thei e is
any power in the Dominion outside of
Parliament that can unhitch the unfortunate couple, and the ordeal at
Ottawa might be so  costly and prolonged that the matrimonial ills of
the present would be preferable as
the least of tAvo evils.    For instance ;
on the presentation of the petition to
the House of Commons the';; unhappy
couple would be cited to appear at
the Bar of the House to show cause,
etc.   Then a select committee would
be appointed to see if a reconciliation
could hot be effected.   They would
probably adopt the German procedure
in such cases of locking up the couple
in a room an hour a day for a Aveek,
which in nine cases out of ten throws
the divorce off. The select committee
would be composed, of course, of old
bachelors who would take sides Avith
the woman and if she proved to be the
obdurate one, the Committee Avould
call in their dozen aunts and spinster
cousins who would  make the girl resolve to get back to matrimony in the
sandy plains of Kamloops as fast as
she could.   A New York man has
recently hit upon a plan that beats
even a Dakota  court.   He sold the
Avife for a watch and chain valued at
$150. The purchaser at once married
the Avoman.    Then  he accused the
seller  of stealing   the   Avatch   and
chain, and the latter Avent to a magistrate and caused   the accuser's arrest on the charge of bigamy.    The
judge, not finding any precedent in
the statutes to meet the case dismissed it and informed the woman thas
she could pick her partner and if the
decision   was   not satisfactory   they
could all go to Oklahoma or a warmer region.
New Denver, B.C.
Heavy and Shelf Hardware,
Mine and Mill Supplies,
Pipe and Fittings,
Paints and Oils,
Builders' and Con tractors'
Stoves and Kitchen Ware,
Agents for Canton SteeJ.
I carry one of the largest
and best asserted stocks of
Hardware in \\*est Kootenay,
and shall lie pleased to quote
prices upon anything required
iu my line.
Hotelis op Kootenay     Assmye^s op tf. G.
New Denver, H. Stegt
New Denver, Angrignon Bros.
New Denver. A. Jacobson & Co.
New Denver.
Slocan City.
R. Cunning
Sandon, John Buckley
Three Forks, E. C. Weaver
Three Forks, J. S Reeder
Slocan City, B.C.
.Nakusp, B.C.
The reinforcement of the British
squadron in Chinese wa.ters by the
Powerful and Terrible, the two swift-
est and most powerful cruisers in the
Avorld, is a matter that portends that
to extend French influence from the
Niger to the Nile. On the other hand
Great Britain has ahvays claimed the
right to the disputed territory. Sir
Edward Gray, in 1895,   informed the
Imperial    government    on   further
strengthening Canadian fortifications
sedulously shunned alliance with any
of the political parties of his time, preferring isolation in the poverty ot the.; the United States press are speculat-
garret rather than wealth and fame ' ing on what it can mean. The Brit-
Avhich   he   could   command   in   the  ish naval force already in the Chinese
We have just received a beautiful
assortment of the
latest paterns of
coverings, which
we are going to
use in making up
a stock of fancy
settees, corn e r
pieces, etc., that
will beautify the
home and slve
comfort to the occupant. If you
have a special design for a parlor
piece we'll make
it up for you ....
If you've a parlor set or a
single pleee that you'd
like to have re-covcrcd
call and select the covering ; we'll make the old
chair as  good as new.
Furniture Dealers and Repairers,
I'nrtortakisrs and Knibiilinors.
NV ]'. — AVc have, tin- only praetk'sil Undertaker
ami '•"miniliner doing Imsiness in the Slocan.
Assoc. R S M, London, Eng
Properties   examined   and   reported on  for  in
Assay office and Chemical Laboratory. Belle-
vue ave, New Denver. B C.
Manager. Secretary.
r. B. Thompson, Notary Puhlic
Mines and Mining Properties for
sale.    Abstracts,    &c.
Correspondence solicited.
Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.
of London, Eng.
Provincial Laud Surveyor.
Underground Surveys. Surface ana
Aerial Tramways. Mineral claims surveyed and reported upon.     Kaslo, B.C
The Ontario Mutual of Watreloo, Out
oilers a popular policy at moderate rates.
Protection for your family.
Provision for your own old ago
And a profitable'mvostment.
The Ontario Mutual Life—27th year.
Assets $3.4<M,90H.
Pull information hy application to
W. D. MITCHELL, Agent,    Now Denver, B.C
P.O. Box 214.
Sandon, B.C
I ominion & Provincial
La d Surveyor.
Slocan City, B.C
Kaslo, B C
Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery
\JC (McGill)
Mining Engineers
& Analy-Chemists.
Slocan City, BO
Chas. A. Stoess,
Assoc. M. Inst. C. E. M. Can. Soc. C. E.
Provincial Land Surveyor.   Mining Surveying.
Kaslo, B. C.
*" No. 71,
"W.   F".   "M.
Meets every Saturday night.
C.   McNICHOLLS,    President
CHAS.  BRAND, Secretary.
A\". S. DltEAVHY
Kaslo, B.C.
H. T. Twigg
New Denver, B.C.
Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.
Civil and Mining Engineers.
ford. McNeil Code. Fifth Year.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897.  at Da^S��n  1  999  Seattle/Wash., Oct. 28.���Rev. Sliel-  don Jackson, the A\rell-kiiown Alaskan  commissioner of tlie United States government, Avho probably has more influence with the administration on  matters pretaining- to Alaska than any  one else, has just returned from a trip  up the Yukon to Dawson. Dr. Jackson  went to'Dawson to get a general idea  of his own work in regard to the importation of reindeer from Siberia and to  look into the agricultural advantages  of the soil in the Northwest Territory  in the vicinity of Dawson and other  mining' camps. He also looked over  the ground in the interests of govern-  rnent schools to be established in  Alaska.  " I A\ras at.DaA\rson in the early part  of August, Avhen there were 4.00 people  there,    says  Dr. Jackson.     " Most of  them  were living in   tents and huts.  Timber   was   very   scarce    and   logs  brought big prices.     Logs eight inches  by fourteen   feet brought $10 each in  the boom.   It was of logs of this kind  that the cabins are being built.    There  seemed to be very little crime at D;.>,av-  son, thanks to the efficient Avork of the  Canadian   mounted  police;   hut there  was almost no religion.     The Church  of England has a young man therein  charge of a log chapel who  holds services every Sunday.     Me   is   a hard  worker and preaches a good  sermon;  but fe.AV of the miners and Dtuvson people have time to think of the hereafter  and religious exercises.     Hardly any  one attended his services.     The young  man  was   not   discouraged,  however,  and will continue the work.     He visits  all tlie Christian people he comes across,  but those who are not that  way he is  compelled to  leave alone unless they  eonie to  his church.     When any one  dies, of course,  the minister   is  very  much in demand.     The Jesuits have a  resident   priest at Dawson,  and, their  services  are   better   attended.      The  Presbyterian  mission board have sent  two nien���Rev.  S.   Hall  Young,   A\iio  Avas stationed" at   Wrangel  ten years  ago, and Rev  Mr. McEwan.    The Con-  gregationalists have also sent a minister from San Francisco.  " There was considerable sickness at  DaAvson Avhen 1 was there, chiefly due  to tlie unsanitary condition of tlie city.  The lire vailing disease is typhoid fever,  Avhicli is usually fatal. There has been  some fifteen or twenty deaths.  "There is an excellent chance for  some .practical farmers to make good  money at Dawson and in the vicinity of  the other mining camps next summer  raising the more hardy vegetables,  such as potatoes, turnip's, lettuce and  carrots. One man planted a few turnips Avhencver he got a spot of ground  cleaned up enough" to let the sun into  it. The twenty-two hours of sunlight  out of the twenty-four makes vegetation mature very" fast even Avith a frozen subsoil. He got 15 "cents a pound  for his crop on the ground and made  S500 out oil his turnips alone, although  he put A-ery little time on them. The  season for truck  farming  is as limited  grown, but a farmer can make considerable more on a very much smaller plot  of ground than he can where the  ground is not covered A\rith snow and  ice nine months iu the year.  ''The Indians around DaAvson are  nearly all baptized members of the  English church, but in only a feAv cases  has their religion kept them from getting very drunk Avhen the opportunity  offered, and the opportunity has appeared very many times, l knoAv of  several young halfbreeds who are saving their nionev and Avho have fortunes  estimated at from ��20,000 to ��30,000, as  well as good mining holdings. The  most of the money made by the Indians  goes into the coffers of the saloon keepers. I don't believe that it is possible  to keep the Indians from getting wliis  key Avhere there are many whites.  There is any quantity of whiskey on  the Siberian coast among, the Indians.  It is traded to them by our whaling"  vessels for furs, etc. Very little of it,  however, comes across to Alaska. I  don't'belieAre the Russian government  cares anything about the , Siberian  natives, and tliere seems to be no attempt to stop the traffic."  Dr. Jackson says that furs are very  much in demand in Alaska for winter  garments, and that the supply is much  less than the demand. This is especially true in the interior. In .his  opinion the hide of the reindeer is the  only practical Alaska' clothing for win-  ter." Reindeer hides are uoav selling for  ��5 on the coast, where they formerly  brought 50 cents. The Eslcimos bring  them over from Siberia in their little  skin boats and think nothing of making  a trip over to Asia several times a summer. They get ��1.50 for thein in tntde  from the traders on the coast. The interior Indians have practically-'given  up hunting and trapping on account of  the high Avages at packing and mining.  THE  DYEA TRAIL.  The Dispatch, of Brainerd, Minn.,  has just received a letter from T. J.  Hartley dated at Lake Linderinan,  Sept. 19. The Avriter is a brother of G.  G. Hartley of Duluth and is on his way  to the Alaskan gold fields. Mr. Hartley  says: "1 expected to be over the summit by Sept. 5 and made it a day sooner.  We are iioav camped on the banks of  Lake Lindcrman with all our baggage  and provisions and I think our boats  will be ready to go doAvn" the river in  about four days. McDonald, the man 1  intended to go doAvn with, and F. H.  Knapp, the lawyer, both went the  Skaguay-trail and Jim Gibson tells me  they cannot get through this year.  When I'got loose from the Wilamette I  put-my goods in a. boat and took them  up the Dyea river a distance of six  miles. I then bought a horse for ��125  and packed my stuff to the foot of the  summit, getting there about Sept. t by  carrying a load myself and packing my  horse all he could carry. I carried my  goods OA'er the summit, a distance of a  mile and a half, on my back.  The hardships of 'getting over this  trail from Dyea to Lake Linderman  have not been much over-rated, though  worst features of the Avhole thing is the  fact that from Sheep Camp,  five miles  from the summit, to Lake Linderman,  eleven miles   down   the   Yukon  side,  there.is little of any  wood to  be  had  and at the summit and for two miles on  each   side   wood  of  any   kind,   even  shrubs, do not groAv, the whole country  being just simply mountains  of rock.  The last half mile before you reach the  summit you rise 2,000 feet,  so you can  imagine how steep it is.    Wood at the  foot of the summit is' worth ("> cents a  pound and one cannot have fire to dry  nimself with, but is in luck  if he   can  get a cup of something warm  once a  day.    I have seen doughnuts sell for 25  cents apiece and eAren hardtack biscuits  sold all the Avay from 10 to   20 cents  each.    Money is no object on this trail.  When   I packed my goods   OArer   the  summit I took over'420 pounds in one  day.    As the rate for carrying over was  then 8 cents a pound,   I earned ��32 that  day carrying my oavii goods.     I have  about 1,100 pounds here/ on  Lake Linderman and it Avould have cost me 40  cents a pound to havewcarried it here  from Dyea.    One can't buy a pound of  flour for less than 40 cents,  or S20 per  sack.     A man sold 100 pounds of sugar  this morning for ��100,   and so it goes.  Scores of   fellows'  have   sold   out and  gone back all along- the trail from Dyea  here.    I  was the   first nian   over the  summit who came up on the Wilamette  except those avIio hired their goods carried right through by Indians.  " We expect to go up Stewart river as  far as avc can before it freezes, thinking  things will be too full at the Klondike  for us at present. Every report that  Ave get from the Stewart is more encouraging than the last.  " There are quite a number of women  on the trail and the way they dress  Avould no doubt interest you woiuler-  fully. Some wear bloomers and sweat-,  ers,"others bicycle suits, and some dress  just like the nien. [.met three on the  trail together one day Avearing overalls  inside rubber boot's. The Aveather  here is not clear and cool, but is almost  ahvays raining and bloAving', and the  wind' blows so hard that it seems to  drive   the   rain 'right   through    your  to praise or blame���is���that arm in arm  Avith   "old   Mary''���he  is  Avalking up  pearly   streets���seeking    tlie   glorious  smile of God.    The gulf betAveen Marquis George and  "old Mary" . has been  closed.    He   died���in  bed���alone.    No  Avord of love  consoled  his  dying hour.  She fell in the weary streets���and when  they raised her up���the mysterious seal  Avas upon her life.    The smallest coin  hoard of the  Marquis  might have prolonged her life.   Not twenty  times as  many millions   as   lay to his credit���  could have added another instant to his  earthly existence.    But it is oArer now.  One day he was rich���and she in the  lowest "depths of .poverty.   Noav they  are  alike���Marquis   George and "old  Mary."   Gone together  where no more  account shall  be taken of one than of  the other.   And while here there might  be scoffs and jeers���Avhere they have  gone there would be neither scoffing uor  mocking���if men should raise a stone���  Avhereon should   be inscribed���Sacred  to Marquis George and to "old Mary."  ���Fargo Forum/  Certificate of the KegiHtration of an  Extra-Provincial   Company.  ���' Companies Act, 1807."  ''���Native Silver Bell Mining Company."  clothing and chills your very soul. We  are wet through nearly every night  and the trail is so muddy that yon are  saturated Avith filth to your knees any-  wav, but we are over' Avith that uoav."     -   ���-��� "~ * ^    ��� -  ������ --...���   -  ..-, ��,.  as is the A'ariety of truck that can be j this is by far the best route.   One of the  A   SKRMO"    IX    HASHKS.  Mary Coyle���aged. 65���no home���no  friends���fell on the streets of New York  ���and died. The ncAvsbys raised a dollar to buy flowers to put on "old Mary's"  coffin���and they hurried her aAvay to  the potters' fi'.ld. AfeAv hours later���a  servant came to the bed of George M.  Pullman���forty times a millionaire���the  OAvner of a city���named "Marquis" by  the Italian government���knoAvn wherever a sleeping car rolls���a much pras-  ed and much abused man���and found  hiin stiff in death. They will cover.him  Avitli flowers���beautiful music Avill sound  ���the sweet solemn notes of Peer Gynt  ���perhaps���will be pealed front the  cathedral organ���'priest Avill pray, and  ministers will say Avords of comfort.  But the 'lest that they can hope for  George M. Pullman���shorn of his title  bereft of his  millions���insensible  alike  Registered the 7th dav of September, 1SH7.  T HEREBY  CERTIFY   that I have this flay.  1   registered the '-Native Silver Bell Mininc  Company "as an extra-Provincial Company, under the "Comnanies Act, 1807."  The head office of the said Company is situate  in the City of Spokane, State of Washington.  The amount of the capital of the Company's  ���"l.fxiO.OOO. divided into l,0O(),000 shares of �� each.  The head office of the Company in this Province is situate in the City of Rossiand, and dive  IMngle, whose address is Rossiand, is attorney  for the Company.  The time of the existence of the Company is  fifty years.  The objects for which the Company has been  established arc: ���  To locate, purchase, contract foi, or acquire by  any lawful means, mines, mining' claims, water  rights, timber and timber lands, mill-sites, ditches  flumes, tramways, railways, water and electric  power and power plants, or to acquire by purchase, contract or otherwise, mining stocks,  bonds or debentures; also to buy. sell, acquire  and deal in real estate of all kinds, other than  mining property; to work, operate, buy, sell,  Uase. mortgage, own, acquire,, hold, and deal in  mines, metals"and mineral claims of every kind  and description, or any of the property above  named; to acquire by purchase or otherwise,  stock in any other corporation organised for the  purpose of owning, operating: or working mines  or mining claims, or other real estate; tDhold,  vote, represent, transfer, .sell or purchase such  stock at such times and iii such quantities and  manner, and under such circumstances as shall  be determined upon by the trustees of this Corporation; to carry on and conduct a general  smelting, milling and reduction business; to purchase, acquire, hold, erect, operate, electric light  and power plants for the purpose of mining and  treating ores, or for the purpose of furnishing  lights and crcatlnglpower lor use or sale; to bond,  buy .lease, locate and hold and operate, ditches,  flumes, or water rights; to construct, lease, buy,  sell, build, operate and conduct railroads, ferries,  tramways or other means of transportation for  transporting ore, mining and other material:  and finally to do everything consistent, proper  and requisite for the carrying out of the purposes  and objects aforesaid in'their full and broadest  sense.  Given under my hand and seal of office at  Victoria, Province of British Columbia, this 7th  day of September, one thousand eight hundred  sin'd ninetv-seven.  [I..S.]    " HENRY S. MASON.  Acting Registrar of Joint Stock Comnanies.  NOTICE.  "VTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that wc will not  ii he responsible for any debts contracted by  anyone other than ourselves,  C   AV. AYLWIN- & CO.  New Denver, B. C, Nov. 1.1897.  Parson's  Produce  Company  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Wholesale  dealers in  Butter, Eggs,  Cheese, Apples,  Poultry and  Cured Meats.  The largest handlers of these  goods in Western Canada. All  warehouses under perfect system  of cold storage. Full stock carried  at Nelson, B. C. For prices write  or wire  P. J. KUSSKIYL:  Manager of Nelson Branch Parson's Produce Company.  OURNE  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES,  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,       -  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS, I  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC..  AT LOWEST PRICES.  New Denver, B. C  A new stock of  Gents' Furnishings,  Special lines in halbreggan, Carpets, Mats,  Floor and Table Oilcloth and Linoleum.  ,. Also the latest styles in Dress Goods and  Trimmings: in silks and velvets and  buttons; Sheeting and Pillow Cotton.  Other articles too* numerous to mention.  Millinery the latest style always on hand.  MRS. W  W. MERKLY.  Carry only  the best  lines of  Watches,  Clocks,  and  Cutlery  in the  Market.  Slocan  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted'  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing- through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information applv to���  J. E. Brotjse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  Finnicus���I tell you  a man ��pvpv up  predates his wife till he get.-? in trouble  ..Cynnicus���That's so; it's a' big satisfaction to have some one to blame for it.  Now? or? tfye Market.  Now? or? the Market.  Situated iiq tf?e Heart of tfye hx^rqoiq ��peek Gold Mir>es.  Plenty of Good Timber.  :��  Black Prince,  Cold Blow,  Alpine,  Cameronian,  Alexandra,  Scenic,  Tcao beaatifal lakes neap the Shares of Liemon Creek  A beaatifally situated townsite, sar-  roended by Gold Mines.  Perfect Title to>ll property.  Price of Lots from $50 to $150 each.  Lucky George,  Maple Leaf,  Crusader,  Howard Fraction,  Sundown Fraction j  and many others.  Sl9O0.HN^0ITY,  B.   0. 6  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897,  Eifth Yeab  0^ Peapt^  The big, white steamboat backs away  from the wharf, swings about and goes  slowly down the river sounding her  whistle at. intervals, for tbe fog is coming in rapidly.  Tli e few loafers on the  pier eye curiously the tall, elegant woman who  has  ' come ashore.  She, casting a half scornful glance  about, approaches old Jed Rawson and  puts this query:  "Can I hire any one to take me  acres;" tho river?"  "I reckon not," declares old Jed, taking out his pipe to stare at her with astonishment. ��� ''The steamer goes into  port jest below here tvv wait fer the  for.; tor lift. Tbar's no gittin across the  river temight, inarm. "  "Can you manage a boat, my good  ma:.!-"'  All  tho  loafers  smile at this.    Old  Jed 'breaks into a mellow laugh which  ���Be.'.'(is  a   perfect 'network  of  wrinkles  over Iris brown face.  "Why, kfidy," ho says, "there ain't  nary a boy of lOorup'ard alongshore  as don't know how to handle a boat."  Tho l::dy laughs too. She is very  charming, even old Jed realizes that.  She 'takes, a gold piece from her dainty  purso and Kays:  "If you. will tako me and my trunk  across the river, this shall be yours.  The trunk   is  looks   at  it  with  shakes his head.  "If it warn't fer the  a huge affair, and Jed  one  eye  closed and  fog, marm, euy  ud take ycr acrdsfc fer jioth-  't see  the boat's  one on us  ing.    But  we  couloi  length tonight."  The lady utters a sharp exclamation,  anger and disappointment clouding her  features. A brown faced lad steps from  the corner of the little red baggage  house whero he has been standing.  "If you dare to go, madam, I will  take you, "he says.  She gives him a radiant smile, at  which he flushes to tho roots of his fair,  waving hair.  Jed and one or two of the other men  remonstrate with him to no purpose.  A small brown wherry ia brought up to  the flight of weather beaten steps leading down from one side of the wharf.  The big trunk is lowered into it, and  the lady handed down by Andrew Bus-  sell, who is thrilled by the touch of her  cool, satiny fingers. He pulls off into  the fog bank while the loungers on the  wharf make their comments.  "Mighty fine looking craft that."  "Carries too much sail."  " What can she want over tho river?"  "P'rhaps  she's  bound  for  Barring-  ton's."  "P'rhaps.  She looks like his kind."  It is. late in the evening when Andrew  Russell  returns.    Old   Jed  meets  him  hnrriyng up tlie village street.  "Well, Andrew, you got acrost all  right?"  "Yes, I had a compass."  " Where71 she gor"  "I can't tell you, " is the curt reply,  as the boy pusses on.  All simsr.r;nent inquiries elicit no further information than that Andrew  landed her at, tho road which leads up  by Barrington's, and that she expected  some sort of conveyance to come for her  there.  Barrington is reported to be immensely wealthy. Ho never mingles with the  people tbet,f>, and lie lives in a lordly  fashion. He brings his own company  from distant parts, and there arostories  of gay aud wild doings at the great  house which fill the unsophisticated natives with amazement.  He comes and goes as he likes and is  altogether very mysterious.  Andrew Iltisseil has a sweetheart on  that side of the river���pretty Jen Hardy,  the fisherman's daughter.  It is only natural that frequently he  should row across in his wherry. But  Jen Hardy does not see him every time  he goes during the next fortnight. He  tramps through a si rip of woodland  across lots until he reaches a sheltered  vale this side of Barrington's.  Here he meets the mysterious lady  again and again. Andrew is 20���tall,  strong and manly looking. Cars Ferris,  as she calls hcr.-v.-lf, uses all her blandishments to complete his inthrallruent.  She tells him a pretty story���bow that  her uncle is determined lo make a nun  of her; that, Barrington being her cousin and friend she has come to him for  protection, until she can get out of tho  country.  She wants to go to Europe, for as  eoon as her uncle discovered her hiding  place he will follow her. She is apparently very onnliding with Andrew, who  is too innocent", to see tlie flaws in her  story. " Wfiuhi lie iliink she was 25?"  Bhe asked cofiimttishfy.  irew  f:;ice  J.'!  .  !'���     1-  An  . never  older,  tha': .  R11V ):  his  ;'  Bigi  who is 3,r  Iii ; *,vo '  ill.'O  returns   a decided negative,  dreamingtbat she is 10 years  -.   Hardy is too proud to own  -������,������ :.'.i:"s net im-iio to sec her  Andrew has no mother, and  , who is not, u v-"7'y clear  ii', .-''.">.-; no change in his boy,  ��� 7y or exalted by lbs.  ���-. * "Vs" t:i:m Andrew imagines  him-'f  He <le  ��rv ;���  hi-,-  On-  by th-  ah'iv  ' V.'il'i'lli  on-' I.  the 7  O;:  pier .:  Barri;  hai;d.  drew ]  the rv,  if ma'.:  '���������S !Ji')t  y in love wilh  -top to reason  ; -xhuv.' ������ ������������������  tin?-  ovr  woui  the  find  ar.i-  ::;r:r,i'an?   ��.���.,  :ne  .:ii'"  ]i!:e  ^   !  : or   a  .ait  1 i," v  d  -in  if a.'i liour tin v  and ^iu-  ; iv down  nie  to a small cove, where a commooiou*  sailboat is tiod to a ring in the rocky,  shelving bank.  They go aboard this, the little wherry  is fastened astern, the sails are unfurled  and on they go, dancing lightly out into  the waters of the bay.  At nightfall of the next day they  eome to a great city. Barrington and  the lady go ashore. Some purchases are  to be made here, and Barrington is to  see a man who will buy the boat���this  is what they have told Andrew. In the  meantime be is to wait with the boat  until their return, when they will all  go aboard the great ocean steamship  whose black funnels rise from a neighboring wharf.  Andrew is not particularly pleased  that Barrington is to accompany them,  but nothing.can dampen the joy of bis  belief that she loves him, and ho can  never forgot that her lips have touched  his own. The poor boy is quite daft for  the lime and does not dream that he is  being duped.  Tlie city clocks are striking 10, when  a ragged street gamin crosses the wharf  and haiis Andre v\\  "Hi, there!   Be your name Russell?"  Anrlrew nods, aud the boy hands him  a note.  "A big swell up town sent this to  yer."  Andrew takes   the note and tears it  open.    He   knows, of  course,   that  the  (.,"big   swell" is   Barrington.    The note  reads as follows:  When you read, this, wo shall be aboard an  outward boii'id express. G-oodby, my dear  boy. "Many thunks tor your gallantry. Mr.  Bai rhi;; e:i jiatkos you a present of the boat as  a reward for your services. C. F.  For a moment Andrew stares at the  note in dumb amazement. His brain  reels. The letters dance blood red before  his eyes. He staggers down into the little cabin and throws himself prostrate  upon the floor. He breaks into great sobs  which shake him from head to foot. To  be fooled, played with, cast aside, when  he had served their turn!  Oh-, the bitterness, the grief and rage  in tbe boy's hot heart as he rolls to and  fro upon the cabin floor!  All night long he battles with this  first great trouble. In the morning he  rouses himself aud gees up into the city  to find a purchaser for his boat, for the  sight of it is hateful to him, and he  must have money to get home with. He  sells it for ��150, which is a pretty sum  for a poor lad. At noon he has a sunstroke and is conveyed to the city hospital.  When he comes out of his stupor, he  finds himself under arrest for being the  accomplice of an adventuress. He learns,  to his horror, that Cars Ferris is Madge  Dchiphine. That she engaged herself as  companion to a little, miserly old woman. That she and Barrington, who is  her io^er, planned the old woman's  murder, in order to obtain possession of  the money and jewels which she hoarded about her. That Madge Delaphine  accomplished the murder by means of a  subtle poison, packed the body into a  trunk and conveyed it, to Barrington's  house, where it was buried in the cellar.  The very trunk which Andrew ferried across the river! Andrew-" is taken,  before a magistrate, where lie tells his  story, omitting the love passages. But  themagist.".':;"!' is an astute old man and  reads between the l:n~- and pities the  lad.  "The woman and her lover have been  arrested.  I want you to identify her."  He opens the door to an inner room  and utters an exclamation of dismay.  There, prostrate upon the floor, with  her jeweled hairpin stuck through her  heart, li'.  l':l.i:-? t  "Cars  17,-.  Andrew.  W  Tlie   i  ia::  hv.vc irn:  : a  ���y\   vc  VV  and   mo  if-.;  room; w  Iii'  tie;;-:   ;���);(  1     >  misses?   1  ::;.'  journey 3  tO:.  V, !���:���������:)  be  is   taken  iii  witli bra  ���v '.  tient and  i a  ii.'e.ge Delaphine quite dead.  be woman?"  ������is had dark hair," returns  l:o is white to his lips,  ���istratc   lifts  a  wig of dark  (able near by.  simple disguise," he says  s Andrew back to the outer  -. after a few more ques-  ;,n:e fatherly advice, he dis-  The misery of Andrew's  ::-' is boundless,  ���caches tho familiar spot, he  iii and for weeks is delirious,  7ver. Jen Hardy is his pa-  ithful nurse. To Andrew it  se!���;;:>������ a'- if the memory of his folly  ma:"- torture him forever, but as the  months go liy the shame and agony die  away little by little.  Jen, 'O'rVfnl soul,  and love.-- him. He  world is fair and life  id}.  So. gradually he returns to his old  allegianre. and it all ends as it should  ���with a wedding. ��� Dublin World.  believes in him  is young aud the  is  pleasant  after  -A  YORKTOWN   MANUSCRIPTS.  fa liens That Kclato to the Siege and. Sirr-  rc.ixii'i' of the Town.  Curiously enough, after 115 years, a  ceHeeii'iii of manuscripts relating to  ���go of .Yorktown has recently  up in Paris. These' comprise a  ;,,ir;;ry copy of Count de Ro-  a n 's .'iwn d Vary from the time the  Mi'.!   sn  turn or),  cpi ���.���.:���  chain1 ������  oi   An;  fiiva. i  ��� " I,  Lite-ri  ���.tow:  Willi  u. ���  .iiiitsi'lr the Hudson, the l"ith  ���f. to   the   surrender of   Ycrk-  7,e 1 '.."(-ii of October, ITS'.   Ac-  ir: this, written by a different  h-closed   i.u   the   same cover,  ei 7,o siege by one of tho en-  .v-rsand  a  ino.-,t beautifully  manuscript map   in coloi'3 of  i and vicinity.  ���.:������ and surrender of Yorktown  of the. most important   events  th  c.V  .iii:  ' I  1-  i.  -America.  Many ac  T<  ;r.  ;��� -. ewitness  es are ex-  ])t  ;  oii   prinfec  , perhaps  :: i  ��� >���  '.: ail being  the diary  ..-1  ii.  gton,   the  original  VV.  iif  ',; is at the  state,   de-  Ve-  in  -,j,'ion.    Af  f"r  ,Vash-  Qd isye^.  mgton, perhaps tbe most trustwortsj  account would be that of Count de  Bochambeau. It is known that he was  very careful to keep copies of his correspondence, both for himself and for tbe  department of war in France, but his  diary of the Yorktown campaign was  never published until it was included  in Doniol's great compilation of documents relating to tbe gaining of American independence, published about ten  years ago, under the auspices of the  French government, and even to this day  it has never been printed, except greatly  abridged, in English. A small part of it  appeared in the Gazette de France a  few days after the news of the surrender  reached Paris, and this abridgment  was translated and published in English  iu tho Pennsylvania Gazette and in Al-  mou's Remembrancer shortly after.  The day after the surrender Rocham-  beau sent a copy of his journal by the  hand of the Duke do Lauzun to the  French minister of war, Segur, and a  week later duplicate dispatches were  sent in another ship, the Count de  Deux-Ponts being the bearer. These two  officers had shown tho most courage in  the siege and,were thus rewarded. ' The  existence is not known of either of these  original dispatches.  A copy of Rochambeau's journal is in  the French archives in Paris, and another, Rochambeau's own, probably, is  in the library of the department of state  in Washington, procured with the Ro-  chambeau papers bought by the United  States government from the heirs of  -Count de Rocham beau. It may be, and,  indeed, it seems quite probable, that  this series of manuscripts which has  been recently discovered and which has  been secured by Messrs. Dodd, Mead &  Co. of New York city are the original  papers which were carried over by  Count de Deux-Ponts. They are not,  however, in his autograph, but in that  of some unknown person, probably a  clerk.  The map which accompanies these  two manuscripts is on a large scale and  most beautifully drawn by an expert,  no doubt one of the French engineers,  and it seems probable that it was drawn  to accompany official dispatches to the  French government. There is no duplicate of it among the many maps in the  Rocham beau collection.���St. Louis Republic.  CASAN, THE TARTAR DWARF.  A   Fierce   XJttle    Mongolian   Who   Lived  Centuries Ago.  In the reries of papers on "Historic  Dwarfs," in St. Nicholas, Mary Shears  Roberts describes the famous Casan.  Mrs. Roberts says:  Casan was the name of a little Mongol Tartar who flourished in the early  part of tbe thirteenth century.  He was born in the eastern part of  Asia, not far from the ancient city of  Karakorum. His parents belonged to  one of the barbarian hordes that owed  allegiance to Genghis Khan, and Casan  became a fierce though small warrior  and fought bravely under the banner of  tbe great and mighty Mongol conqueror.  ! The exact height of this little dwarf  is unknown. He was certainly not over  three feet tall, but he was active and  muscular and, like "all his race, could  endure hunger, thirst, fatigue and cold.  The Tartars were unexcelled in the  management of their beautiful horses.  The fleetest animals were trained to  stop short in full career, and to face  without flinching wild beast or formidable foe. Casan was a born soldier, and  at an early age became expert in all the  exercises that/belonged to a Tartar education. He could manage a fiery courser  with great skill and could shoot an arrow or throw a hmce. with unerring  aim, in full career, advancing or redialing.  Like many of those small in stature,  be was anything but, puny in-spirit,  and while yet a lad he gathered about  him a troop of wild young Tartar boys  as reckless and daring as himself, of  whom by common consent he became  leader. He commanded his lawless  young comrades with a strange mixture  of dignity and energy, and they obeyed  bis orders with zeal and willingness,  ���rometimes they would go on long hunting expeditions, seldom failing to Jay  waste any lonely habitation they happened on.  The  Windsor  Eestanrant  ^^ft/&&^&^W&%/Q&^tt/&^t/^/^'^^^'^^Sk^'  Is one of the Best and Aged Cafes  of the  Silvery Slocan.  P'V'M^  IN NEW7 DENVER,  It was in ojieration when  Was turned against the country, and, now thatjthe  gloom of the Argonaut flays has difappeared, it looms  \\\\ brighter than ever as  ./.. A place where any  . . . . appetite can be satiated.  COME EARLY AND AVOID THE RUSH.  Jacobson & Co.  LOOKS  LIKE A  BEAR.  Genghis Khan's Dominions.  Mrs. Mary Shears Roberts, in her series of "Historic Dwarfs" in St. Nicholas, writes of Casan, who was in the  service of Genghis Khan. Mrs. Roberts  says:  After the great Mongolian had conquered China, Persia and all central  Asia his empire became one of the most  formidable ever established. It extended from the Pacific ocean on the east to  the river Dnieper in European Russia  and was a wider realm than Egyptian,  Greek or Roman conqueror ever knew.  The kings of Armenia and Georgia, tbe  emirs of Persia, the grand dukes of Russia and numerous other potentates were  com pulled to pay tribute to Genghis  Khan, and they were all obliged to  make the long journey to Karakorum in  person or by their representatives.  This town, the capital of the largest  empire that ever existed, was little  more than a city of tents. It afterward  became the. residence of the famous  Kublai Khan, as Marco Polo tells us,  but every vestige of it has disappeared.  Genghis Khan at last retired from  active service to lead a quiet life in the  enjoyment of the wealth he had acquired at the expense of so much toil  and blood. The numerous khans and  generals were commanded to return,  and they came back incumbered with  the spoils of war. They all assembled  on a vast plain some 20 miles in extent,  and, according to one historian, even  this great, field could scarcely contain  all the tents of the countless hosts. Tho  emperor's quarters alone were six miles  around. An enormous white tent capable of containing 2,000 people was  spread over his throne, on which was  carefully placed the bit of black carpet  used at his coronation.  A  Diminutive Aninial That You Can Find  In Water.  He really looks very much like a  bear, though you must put him under a  powerful microscope to see tho resem-  bhi:ice. The extraordinary thing, however, about, this tiny creature is that he  is found in the. gutters of bouses, where  he is at, one tinje. dry as dust and scorched by the blazing sun, at another active  and full of life under a refreshing  shower of rain.  The water bear is one of the Rotifei  animalcules, and is of all,of them the  most capable of standing any extremes  of temperature without giving up the.  ghost. He may be left dried up for  months, even years, and yet on being  put into water will expand and begin  moving about and feeding vigorously  Although he cannot stand boiling water, ho will live in dry heat at a far  higher temperature, even up to 2<i0  degrees F. One has actually been kept  in vacuum for '30 days with sulphuric  acid and chloride of calcium without  losing his capability of revivification.  As for the reason why, it seems the  little beasts' bodies are chiefly composed of albumen, which, it is well  known, will stand a very high temperature without losing its solubility.  Thorn, too, they are provided with' two  skins, one over the other, and these  skins are wonderfully tough and elastic.  The water bear has the scientific  name of tardigrada, because he takes  life so easy. He is ahvays- fat and  plump and spends Iris waking periods  in constantly grubbing wilh his four  pairs of legs among whatever rubbish  comes iu his way. Having eyes, brain  and a nervous system, be is much ahead  The Clifton House,  litis ample accommodations for a largo number of people. The  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything  Sample Rooms for Coiiimerei.il Travelers.  Sandon.  rooms are large  in the market.  John Buckley,- Prop.  OTEL SANDON,  7ft  ^v\  vA  7i\  tK  t?\  Sandon, B.C.  HPHIS. NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  Avell equipped  to  aceommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building- is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed  for comfort in  the Slocan, .while-in  the  Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cun nng, Proprietor.  The  of his tribe, aud is  ;et;ier one or t]  most interesting unci amusing littlo animals known to science.���London Tit-  Bits.  A Comparison.  "No," said Mr. Cumrox pensively,  "it isn't the amount of time that a  thing takes that regulates its importance. "  "What makes you think of that?" inquired his wife.  "Onr daughter. When graduation  day 'comes, it'll only take her 15 or 20  minutes to stand up and inform the  public about: 'The Inconsistencies of  i".,.-iieni Thoiight; and the Ultimate Destiny of the Human Jiace,' but it'll take  her half an hour or more to make up  her mind as to what kind of sirup she  wants in her soda water."���Washington fclav.  A Failure.  A certain professor in one of the leading schools of this city was not long  since desirous of incorporating some  negro dialect in a story he was preparing. Not being very well versed in their  manner of speech, he bethought him  that it would be a good idea to study  the language in its purity undefiled.  With this end in view he betook himself  to the vicinity of the Union depot, near  which representatives of the ebon race  are always to be found.  One effort was enough. Meeting a  coal black negro driving a wagon rather  well loaded and accosting him as  "Uncle John, " the following brief dialogue ensued:  "Pretty heavy load, uncle. Canyon  get up the hill with it'?'  "I do not know, sir, but I presume  so."  Such an example of pure and undefiled English coming from such an unexpected source almost, paralyzed the  professor, who muttered something  about the "degeneracy of the modern  negro," and, mentally deciding to consult the works of "Uncle lie mns, "ho  retraced his steps, to his apartments.���  Nashville American.  ^---gfesssa^In Slocan City  Is an ideal'home  for the weary traveler.  It is conducted in a manner befitting the  approach of the 20th century, which is  the latest way of saying up-to-date.  e  ,"**"*    "?*v    -^  ���^fc-     -^.     ^     -<fc.  -<&    'Q.     ^     ���Q.    ^.  ^2f     ^*V     4"*V  ���q,     ^     -qfc.  ^*V     'Kfc-     "tt>-     -<*y     "**b-     i  v     "*"*     ^     ^     4EV . *4*V  Pho'ojjrapJnuj  : When  -.. i!.r v  7i,\v  ��� '.'���-'.��� j i  At I,en��t One Other.  I was first married, I thought  as tiic only woman on earth."  do you feel about it now?"  there's  our cook."���Chioago  ' )\  .'in  K:>?y  Proof  ,  iv��- P......  ha:-  '.>r-  ���You say he's  a;'���.boot-;  1, .'.,  w :v.v I  '!   J-  110  w that?"  t.    Jcs!  go  o  '.'���::' v,-'th JU<  i at tha  ,. ^,..  111  er."��� (Jhicagi)  Kmuii  ���e found  Oil 1  w  hy Norn breaks  art; ry  plioic:  suin ii  which  corroe;  rays <i  v.* re  treaif.';  elicits.'  scribe;  mueii staiiv  !t-  ,'!!  ai  ;jc o  fro:  of  '!;e  tlsn Arteries.  and p.:i:<.-:;aking an  a:i aduit   mas   been  ratif nf.   in.il   been  iron! Ie in the,arm  ri-   unable   to  ^8>-    ^    "^     ^k-  '���*-."*���'*'  ���fyr       "&,       -"f^       ^  -^.       <Q.       "<fi>.  ^       ^-       <"*>���  "%,       -%.       -^.       <  "%-       ^       ^-       **">���  ���^       -%.       -^  -fe.       ���%,       "&-       ^  ���%>       ^       ���&  The assessment is $2 in dust,  Nuggets, or anything of Commercial value.  If YOU  take a  you.  journey  seekers  are  2:  j ing  to  the Klondike  copy of THE LEDGE with  will cheer you  on the  to    that   mecca  It  of ai'old  ZsKSiiLtZZ^MiSZiZ),  'XiS  rjs^^^ss^Dsssssisasssrss.  SILVERTON, B. C.  \.  lime :���  ���-WI.1. a;  :���:��� anee  in  of  the  blood  fi' ease was  i tho facii  iug   aa   de-  Ci!>  8  I  "i*  6'*  i tie  xxxx>>xxq^^x  he  U:v.  can't  'or an  - for  tailor  . bl.S.  idi   a  Is  eif,.  Mining  "I  note  the  for  and Commercial men.  eaamg  and    headquart  ot  ers  man.���  Journal.  ; riea  i'e  '^7 7^77^7, ?-.<,*���  i;C./��/;i.'!.,;'VfA  -v,; '- "��� .j ���'. -*''a r- ~'" />.'!  al!  til!  101 ISC  u'Ji. Ct  n.e.vi  nd  ns;:  the  the  'he  \j  .n< Linos  .'TV  .���a o.i  lc  I:  JU  rooms  fu mi-  latest  t terns  jets so dead tired  !'] dishes over and  droit Free Press.  ar mo see-  iwl away  can easily  The service; in the Dininii room  ��� "ovi'Ied. The bar is replete with  and Cigars.  is the best that can he  the best wines, liquors  JAMES    BOWES. Fifth Yeab.  THE LEDG-E, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 4, 1897.  THE TOYS.  My little Bon, who look'd from thoughtful eyes  And moved, and spoke in quire grown tip -wise,  Ejivihj my Law Ihe seventh time disobey'd,  1 .1; n:-k him and dismiss'd  "With hard words and unkiss'd���  Eis mother, who was patient, being dead.  Tho;;, rearing h.-sthis grief should hinder sleep,  i-ile *. i::s oc;I,  found hi.;.- .slumbering deep,  h <ii;r*:c:iY eyelids, and their lashes yet  ���:.-' his lino w.bbing wet.  i. I, with ;::o."n,  ..' g away his iears, left, others of my own,  :jv r>. table drcv.n beside his head  ..'.!. put within hi.s reach  .-- ct" counters r:id a red vein'd stone,  ���[���.���of gkiss abraded by the beach,  six or seven kIic-IIs,  A bottle of blr.eij'elLs,  And two French   copper coins, ranged there  with careful art  To comfort his sad-heart.  Bo when that night I prayed  To God, I wept and said:  "Ah, when at last we He with tranced breath,  Not vexing thee in death,  Aiul thou rememberest of what toys  ffe made our joys,  How weakly understood  Thy great commanded good,  Then, fatherly, not less  Than I whom 'hou has molded from the clay, "  Thou'It leave thy wrath r.vA say,  'I will bo sorry for their cL'h.ishness.' "  ���Coventry palmare, as Originally Printed in  Pall Mall Ga/.elle.  Iv:  Fi-t  Ki,,  Fo;-  iici  A ".,  A] i  And  AN OSTKICIi DEAL.  "Talking of the prices of birds, I've  sf<on an ostrich that cost ��300," said  the taxidermist, recalling his youth of  travel���"��"100!"  He looked at me over his spectacles.  "I've seen another that was refused at  ������400.  "No," he said, "it wasn't any fancy  points. They was just plain ostriches���  a little off color, too, owing to dietary,  and thero wasn't any particular restriction of the demand either. You'd have  thought five ostriches would have ruled  cheap on an East Indiaman. But the  point was, one of 'em had swallowed a  diamond.  "Tho chap it got it off was Sir Mo-  hini Padishah, a tremendous swell���a  Piccadilly swell, you might say, up to  the neck of him, and then an ugly black  head and a,whopping turban, with this  diamond in it. Tlie blessed bird pecked  suddenly and had it, and when the chap  made a fuss it realized it had done  wrong, I suppose, and went and mixed  itself with the others to preservo its incog. It all happened in a minute. I was  among the first to arrive, and there was  this heathen going over his gods, and  two sailors and tbe man who had charge  of the birds laughing fit to split. It was  a rummy way of losing a jewel, come  to think of it. The man in charge had  not been about just at the moment, so  that he didn't know which bird it was.  Clean lost, you see. I didn't feel half  sorry, to tell you the truth. The beggar  had been swaggering over his blessed  diamond ever since he came aboard.  "A thing like that goes from stem to  stern of   a sliip in no time.    Every one  was talking  about it.   Padishah went  below to hide his feelings.  At dinner���  he  pigged   at a  table  by  himself,  he  and  two  other  Hindoos���the   captain  kind of jeered at  him about it, and  he  got very excited.   He turned round and  talked into my ear.    He would not buy  the birds; he would  have his diamond.  He  demanded his  rights as   a  British  subject.    His  diamond most be  found.  He was firm upon that.    He would appeal to the house of lords.   The man in  charge  of  the  birds was  one of  those  wooden   headed  chaps you   can't get a  new idea into anyhow.   He refused any  proposal to  interfere with the birds by  way of medioine. His instructions were  to feed them   so and so and treat them  so  and  so, and  it was as  much as his  place was worth  not  to feed  them so  and so  and treat them so and  so.    Padishah had  wanted  a stomach  pump,  though you can't do that to a bird, you  know.    This Padishah was full of  bad  law, like most of these blessed Bengal-  ese, and talked of having a lien on the  birds and so forth.  But an old boy, who  said  his  son was  a London   barrister,  argued that what a bird  swallowed became  ipso  facto  part of  the bird, and  that Padishah's  only remedy lay in an  action  for  damages, and  even  then it  might be possible to show contributory  negligence.  He hadn't any right of way  about  an   ostrich that didn't belong to  him.    That upset  Padishah extremely^  the more so as most of us expressed an  opinion   that  that was  the   reasonable  view.   There wasn't any lawyer aboard  to  settle   the  matter, so we all  talked  pretty free.    At la.??, after Aden, it appears that he came round to the general  opinion and went  privately to the man  in charge and made an offer for all five  ostriches.  "Tho next morning there was a fine  shindy at breakfast. The man hadn't  any authority to deal with the birds,  and nothing on earth would induce him  to sell, but it seems he. told Padishah  that a Eurasian named Potter had already made him an offer, and on that  Padishah denounced Potter before us  all. But I think the most of us thought  it rather smart of Potter, and I know  that when Potter said that he'd wired  at Aden to London to buy the birds and  would have an answer at Suez I cursed  pretty richly at a lost opportunity.  "At Suez Padishah gave way to  tears���actual, wet tears���when Potter  became tbe owner of the birds and  offered him ��250 right off for the five,  being more than 200 per cent on what  Potter had given. Potter said he'd be  hanged if ho parted with a feather of  them; that he meant to kill them off  one by one and find the diamond. But  afterward, thinking it over, he relented  a little. He was a gambling hound, was  this Potter, a little queer at cards, and  this kind of prize packet business muss  have suited him down to the ground.  Anyhow, he offered for a lark to sell  the birds separately to separate people  by auction at a starting price of ��80 for  a bird. But one of them, he said, he  meant to keep for luck.  "You must understand this diamond  was a valuable one���a little Jew chap,  a diamond merchant, who was with us,  had put it at, ��3,000 or ��4,000 when  Padishah bad shown it to him���and  this idea of an ostrich gamble caught  on.    Now, it   happened   that  I'd   been  having a few talks on general subjects  with tbe man who looked after these  ostriches, and quite incidentally he'd  said one of the birds was ailing, and he  fancied it had indigestion. It had one  feviher in its tail almost all white, by  which I knew it, aud so, when next day  the auction started with it I capped  Padishah's ��85 by ��90.  "I fancy I was a bit too sure and  eager with my bid, and some of the others .spotted the fact that I was in|tbe  ��� know. And Padishah went for that particular bird like an irresponsible lunatic. At last the Jew diamond merchant  got it for ��175, and Padishah said ��180  just after the hammer came down���so  Potter declared. At any rate the Jew  merchant secured it, and there and then  he got a gun and shot it. Potter made a  hades of a fuss because he said it would  injure, tho sale of the other three, and  Padishah, of course, behaved like an  idiot, but all of us were .very much excited. I can tell you I was precious  glad when that, dissection was over and  no diamond had turned up���precious  glad. I'tl gone to one forty on that particular bird myself.  "The little Jew was like most Jews  ���he didn't make any great fuss over  bad luck, but Potter, declined to go on  with the auction until it was understood that the goods could not bo delivered until tho sale wras over. The little  Jew wanted to argue that the case was  exceptional, and as the discussion ran  pretty even the thing was postponed  until the next morning. We had a, lively dinner table that evening, I can tell  you, but in the end Potter got his way,  since it would stand to reason he would  be safer if ho stuck to all the birds and  that we owed him some consideration  for his sportsmanlike behavior. And  tbe old gentleman whoso son was a lawyer said he'd been thinking the thing  over and that it was very doubtful if,  when a bird had been opened and the  diamond recovered, it ought not to be  handed back to the proper owner.  "I remember I suggested it came under the laws of treasure trove���whioh  was re ly the truth of the matter.  There was a hot argument, and we settled it was certainly foolish to kill the  bird on beard the ship. Then the old  gentleman, going at large through his  legal talk, tried to make out the sale  was a lottery and illegal and appealed  to tho captaii", but Potter said he sold  the birds as ostriches. He didn't want  to sell any diamonds, he said, and didn't  offer that as an inducement. The three  birds ho pat up, to tbe best of his  knowledge and belief, did not contain a  diamond. It was in the one he kept���  so he hoped.  "Prices ruled high next day, all the  same. The fact that now there were  four chances instead of five, of course,  caused a rise. The blessed birds averaged ��227, and oddly enough this Pa  dishah didn't secure one of 'em���not  one. He made too much shindy, and  when he ought to have been bidding he  was talking about liens, and, besides,  Potter was a bit down on him. One fell  to a quiet littlo officer chap, another to  tho little Jew, and the third was syndicated hy the engineers, and then Potter  seemed :-:uki< i.-iv i-.orrv for   having   sold  LOVE  COMFORTLESS.  The child is in the night and rain  On whc::i. no trade-rest wind might blow.  And out alone in a hurricane.  Ah, no!  The child is safe in paradise!  The snow is on his gentle head,  Eis little feci ;;:e in the snow,  Oh, very cold is    '���-. small bedl  A-, no!  Lift up your heart, lift up your eyesl  Over the fields and out of sight,  li(..rACo ihe lonely river's flow,  LieJi the child this bitter night.  Ah, no!  The child sleeps under Mary's eyesl  What  lamb   cries   sore   dis-  sndering  tress ?.d  ie 1 with fire and comfort go?  ���jz iKo'waj..i hi::: in my breast I  Ah, no!  'CTis v;,in:i i:.i Go.-.'s lit nurseries!  ���"A Lover's T?. east L::ot," by K. Tynan.  x-r.  Oh, k  "��ne nhah's Day's Work.  A vivid account of the daily life of  tbe shah of Persia is contributed to The  Illustrated Magazine by Mr. J. F. Fraser, who visited Teheran in the course  of his world's tour on a bicycle.  "How does the shah spend an ordinary day? Well, he is a busy man. Ho  ���ri.��v\s early, performs his devotions, has  a piece of thin, pasty Persian bread and  a glass of sweetened tea. Then at about  8 o'clock he receives his ministers. He  is slovenly in habit and walks up and  down the room with his slippers flip-  flapping. Indeed, the story goes that  tho reason he parted with his first wife  was because she constantly complained  Pay liock Sliueral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork  of Can/enter Creek, about six miles  above Three Forks.  -���"AKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  1.    agent   for  Edwin Smith   Graham  and A.  Hellmers, free miners certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend, CO days from date hereof, to apply to  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant  of the above claim.  ��� ���  And,    further   take    notice,   that  action  under    section    37,   must    be     commenced  before the issuance, of such certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 30th day of Sept, 1897.  .          .        T. S. GORE.  Halton Chief Mineral Claim.  Situate inithe Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   North  Fork  of Cai'|jenter Creek  about six miles  above Three Forks.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Thomas Sinclair Gore,  J_    agent   for   Edwin-Smith    Graham,    free  miner's certificate No. 80,180. intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claiin.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37. must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of Improvements;  Dated this 30th day of Sept..  Fidelity Mineral Claim.  Situated   in   the Slocan  Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  About two miles southeast of New Denver.  B.C.  "TAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred Driscoll, as agent  i    for F. L Byron, free miner's certilieate No.  81978, L. F. Holt-/., free miner's certificate No.  71083, and A. S. Williamson, free miner's certificate   _No.    7Sl'37,    intend    sixty    days    from  the  date   hereof,    to  apply   to    the  Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose oi" obtaining a Crown  grant of the  above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before tne issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this iOth day of Sept., 1897.  EACH   DAY.  TRAINS  EACH   DAY  1897.  T. S  GORE.  Shut he did not wash himself.  "He dictates dozens of letters, hears  dispatches refuT," consults authorities, attends minutely to every detail of business. This continues for six hours at a  stretch. Then he has his breakfast. All  the food is carefully prepared, and a  prince of the royal blood is responsible  that no tricks are played. The shah, according to etiquette, eats alone. Between 50 aud 60 dishes are served, but  his majesty only touches two or three.  Knives and forks are things unknown  at court, and the shah eats everything  with his fingers���greased rice, mutton  and fruit.  "Daring breakfast, extracts from European papers, chiefly French, are read  to the .sbah. Following breakfast the  shah probably has an hour's sleep, and  then, after some glasses of tea, he will  amuse himself with working a little  telegraph instrument, playing backgammon with his ministers���who are careful not to win���setting and resetting  plants in the gardens or taking photo-  ::raplis. He has even been photographed  in bed and has pictures of himself dressed in uncomfortable Prussian military  uttkv aud even in the garb of an Eng*  !l >b eatrafo."  In former times chapels were commonly built on bridges at the entrance  of towns and villages, but the custom  has long since fallen into disuse, and  very few of these structures remain today. One of the best existing specimens  may be seen at Rotherham. It stands  on the bridge crossing the Don and was  built in 14S3. Leland mentions it ia  1550.  them,  h  lung away a clear  ��1,000 and ihat, very likely he'd draw a  blank, and that he always had been a  fool, but when I went and had a bit of  a talk to him, with the idea of getting  him to hedge on his last chance, I found  he'd already sold the bird he'd reserved  to a political chap that was on board���  a chap who'd been studying Indian  morals and social questions in his vacation.  That last was the ��'"00 bird.  "Well, they landed three of the blessed creatures at Brindisi���though the  old gentleman said it was a breach of  the customs regulations ��� and Potter  and Padishah landed too. The Hindoo  seemed half mad as he saw his blessed  diamond going this way and that, so to  speak. He kept on saying he'd get an  injunction���he had injunction on the  brain���and giving his name and address to the chaps who'd bought the  birds, so that they'd know where to  send the diamond. None of them wanted his name and address, aud none of  them would give his own. It was a  fine row, I can tell you���on tho platform. They all went off by different  trains. I came on to Southampton, and  there. I saw the last of the birds, aa I  came ashore. ft was tha one the engineers bought, and it was standing up  near the bridge in a kind of crate and  looking as leggy and silly a setting for  a valuable diamond as ever you saw���if  it was a setting for a valuable diamond.  "How did it end? Oh, like that.  Well���perhaps. Yes, there's one more  thing that may throw light on it. A  week or so after landing I was down  Regent street doing a bit of shopping,  and who should I see arm iu arm and  having a purple time of it but Padishah  and Potter.  If you come to think of it���  "Yes. I've thought that. Only, you  sec, there's no doubt the diamond was  real. And Padishah was an eminent  Hindoo. I've seen h7 nam's in the papers  often. But wh ���ther the bird swallowed  the diamond certainly is another matter, as you say. "���A.gonaut.  Ah,  Necessarily So.  Maud���Is life worth the living?  that is a great conundrum!  Cynic us���Yes.   We all have to give it  np.-���Brooklyn Life.  O. K. Mineral Claim.  Situate in tho Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Wliereloeated: North  Fork Carpenter Creek, about six miles above  Three Forks. ,  riiAKE NOTICE that I,Thomas Sinclair Gore,  I     agent for Edwin Smith Graham   and   A.  Hellmers, free miner's certificates Nos. 80180 and  81330, intend,.sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  A nd further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certilieate of improvements.  Dated this 30th day of September, 1807.  >���        " T. S. GORE.   _  Millie Mack Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse mountain, on the south slope near the  summit.  HP AKE NOTICE that I.  J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL    agent for Tlie Kamloops Mining and Development Companv, limited liability, free miner's  certilieate No. 97,8(i0, intend sixty days from tlie  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37.mustbe commenced before tlie issuance  of such certificate of improvements. t����J  Dated this 21st dav of July, 1807.   _J_         J. A, KIRK.  Wolf Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenav District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse  'mountain,   one half mile  north of  Cariboo Creek.  riiAKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  ���JL    agent for II. C. Sharp, free miner's certificate  No.    83,8!)'!   and C.   C.   Woodhouse,  jr.,   free  miner's certificate No. 3103 A. intend GO days  from the.date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements.  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 10th day of July. 1807.   I. A, KIRK.  Independence Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   On Blue  Grouse mountain, about one mile from the  forks of Cariboo Creek.  riiAKE NOTICE that I, J. A. Kirk, acting as  JL    agent for C. C. Woodhouse, jr., free miner's  certincate    No.    3103 A,    intend,    sixty   days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder   for   a    certificate     of     improvements for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  Grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of July, 1807.  J. A   KIRK.  [L. 18-17, G. l.J'  Snowilakc Mineral Claim.  War Eagle Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Arrow Lake Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where located:  On Mineral Creek, a tributary of Cariboo  Creelc.  rpAKE NuTIOE that I, Geo. Alexander, free  1 miner's certificate No. 7-1000, and as agent  for H. B. Alexander, free miner's certificate No.  77G02, S. E. Manual, free miner's certificate No.  78270, and P. G. Fauquier,.free miner's certificate  No. 78370, intend sixty days from tlie  date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 10th dav of September, 1897.  Cube Lode Mineral Claim.  - Between ��    . ���  Trail and  Rossiand  ian & Western fit  Run Made in one Hour.  On the"  Situate in.the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On top  of divide between Sandon and Cody creeks  and about one mile from mouth of Cody  creek,  ���TAKE NOTICE,That T, A.R.Heyland,acting as  I. agent for Alonzo D. Coplen, free miner's certificate No. 77,221, intend. (50 days from the date  hereof; to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claiin.  And furtlier take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 28th day of September, 1897.  L.-18S5, Gr. 1.  Derby Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay    District.     Where   located:���  On Carpenter Creek about half a mile above  the town of Cody and adjoining the Chambers mineral claim.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, John  Hirseh, as agent  1   for   A..   H.  Buchanan,    free   miner's   certilieate No. 83,5-13. intend, sixty days from the  data hereof, to apply to the mining recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under Sec,  37, must be commenced before I the issuance of  such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this lGth day of October. r3!"7.  JOHN   HIRSCH.  L.lS53,Gr. 1.  Dunedin   Mineral Claim.  Atlantic SteamsMp Lines.  California, Allan Line   Parisian, ."  Carthaginian "  Labrador.Dominion Line..  Vancouver, "  From Montreal  .'.'.'.'.'.".".'.'."Oct. 2  Oct 9  Situate in tlie Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  two miles easterly of the town of Cody and  adjoining the Greenhorn mineral claim.  -TAKE NOTICE that I, Edward H. Apple-  L whaite, free miners' certificate No.  120G A, intend, sixty days after date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for  certificates of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining Crown grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action as under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certilieate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of September, 1897.  EDWARD H   APPLEWIIAITE.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located: On Reco  Hill and adjoiuing the Ruccan and Blue Bird  Mineral Claims.  ���TAKE NOTICE that I, John Hirseh, as agent  1   for James Marshall, P. M. C. 8887S, Thomas  Brown, F.M.C. 83-151, and Duncan, S. Forbes, F.  M.     C.     G917G.     intend,     sixty    days    from  the  date   hereof,    to   apply   to   the   Alining  Recorder for a certificate   of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 15th day of October, 1S97.  JOHN HIRSCH.  L. 185G, Gr. 1.  ~L:ill<i Eoolt Mineral Claim.  No. t> Leaves Rosslaud at 7 a.m.: Connects id  the morning with Steamer at Trail.  No. 3 Leaves Trail at 8:15 a.m.; Connects at  Rossiand with Red Mountain train for  Spokane.  No. 2 Leaves Rossiand at .11:00 a.m.  No. 1 Leaves Trail at 12:30 p.m.; Connects with.  C.P.R. main line Steames from the north  at Trail.  No. 1 Leaves Rossiand at 3:00 p.m.: Connects  with C.P.R. main line Steamers for the  north ot Trail.  No. 5 Leaves Trail at 5:43 p.m.; Connects with  Steamer Lytton at Trail.  F. P. GUTELIUS, Gen'l Supt.  Trail, B.C., June 4,1897.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer leaves Nakusp every  morning', making close connection  at Revelstoke with trains or  all points East or "W est.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Carbonate King mineral claim on  Payne Mountain.  *TAKE NOTICE that I.John Hirseh, as agent for  1 Edward Mahon', free miner's certificate No.  91537, intend (10 days from the date hereof, to apply  to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crown  grant: of the above claiin.  And. further take notice, that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of said certificate of improvements.  Dated this, 25th day of October, 1897.  JOHN HIRSCH.  Before you travel get information from  C.P.E. Agents as to time and  rates. It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,   Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,  or to E.  J.  Coyle,   Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  k  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  NOTICE,  From New York  ..Sept 29  Umt.iria, Cunard Line   Etruria "    Campania.,      i:     Majestic, White Star Line   Teuton ie ';    St. Paul, American Line   St. Louis, i!    State of Nebraska. Allan State Line..  Southwark, Red Star Line   Noordland, ���"    Cabin ��45, .*50, >'00, 70 ��80 and -upwards.  Intermediate ���'������30 and upwards.  Steerage  25.50 and upwards.  Passengers Ticketed ���through to all points in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Continent.  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to H. DOUGLASS, agent, New Denver,  or to���  WILLIAM   STITT,  General Aircnt,  C. P.'R. Offices, Winnipeg  Great Eastern Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.   Where located:   Adjoining the Madison and about li miles southeast of Town of Sandon.  rpAKE NOTICE that I, Robert E. Palmer of  1   Sandon, acting as agent for Price Eaton  Co., free miners' certificate No.97-135 intend GO  days from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements-  R. E. PALMER, P.L.S.  Dated th is 10th day of September. 1897.     self!  Keno Mineral Claim.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that I intend, 60 days.  IX after date to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to  purchase 100 acres of land, fmdre or less) situated on Glacier creek, on the opposite side of  Slocan lake from New Denver, and commencing at a post marked -'Henry Stege's s. e. corner, thence 40 chains west, thence, 40 chains  north, thence 40 chains east, thence 40 chains  south along the lake shore to place of commencement.  Located Aug. 23,1897,  HENRY STEGE.  New Denver, Aug. 23,1897.  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossiand  nd Spokane and Rossiand.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson,  Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Provincial Secretary's Office.  HI.S   HONOUR   ihe Lieuienant-Govenior.  has  been pleased to make the following appointment:���  Alexanpek Si'hoat, of the town of New  Denver. Esquire. Mining Recorder, fo be a  Deputy of tlie District Registrar under the  "Births, Deaths and Marriages Act," for tiie  Nelson Division of the West Kootenay District.  October 15th, 1807.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District.  i-PAKE NOTICE that I, S. P. Tuck, free  1 miner's certificate No. 97,382, acting as agent  forW. P. Russ.ell, free miner's certificate No.  7(i2(ir;. intend sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a, certificate  of improvements for the purpose of obtaining  a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  Section 37 must be commenced before tlie  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2fith day of August, 1897.  Gold Rina: Mineral Claim.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Inverness Mineral  Claim.  I  oy.  . (v;  ll'f!  For Summer Lounging.  Just now, with summer  on   its way,  .', luxurious chairs iu rattan begin to  ���':  inviting.    One  comfortable,  cool  ing    affair   is   ei;ar.if-]::i]    in   gray  :.'u and Ipis cushions of the same color  china  silk  attached   to  it.    Other  irs  are  painted wood  brown, some  forest green and some are red.    Thi;  (.-:������';���(;:���..-; :;:.;��� i-oniefcimes covered in denim  v;ki sometimes in cool, striped, slippery  iiidian grass cloth.  For the summer drawing room spindling chairs are pretty and dainty looking, even though they do not seem particularly useful. Still there's not much  to be said in favor of the little chairs,  even though the various monarchies axe  held responsible.  They boast choice bits  of  t;:;  mv  fl'-Jicat:1 brcc:-d(* or at times priceless  .;������ :- ;���..-���. -.���,���]:;."���) gives one a chr.nee to  ;::..,:! ;::i ; ;::;:;-, . iutivi' bit of lapestry  ---.- ���:.��� Ww York ..Journal.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division. West  Kootenay District. Where located: On Red  Mountain about two miles northwest from  and about nine miles from the mouth of the  North Fork of Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE, that I, Robert E. Palmer, of  Sandon, acting as agent for John Brown, of  Sandon. free miner's certificate No. 79108  intend, sixty days from date hereof to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements tor the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take  notice that action, under  section   37. must be commenced   before   tlie  issuance of such certificate  of improvements  Dated this; tth dav of November. 1897.  R. E. PALMER, P. L. S.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile from the Forks of Cariboo Creek  anil joining the Millie Mack mineral claim.  -AKE NOTICE that,]. .1. A. Kirk, acting as  agent for H. C. I'ollock, free miner's certilieate No. f>7,.S'>;j, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, to imply t , tbe Mining Recorder for  a certificate of improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of tlie above claim.  And furtlier take notice that action, under  section :',". must tie commenced before the issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this .'1st dav of July, 1S97  "      '  .1. A. KIRK.  Chicago Mineral  Claim.  NOTICE.  "VfOTICE is hereby given that 00 days after date  1\ I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following described lands situated in the  Slocan Mining Division, West Kootenay District,  on Fennel creek, (a Branch of Four Mile creek)  and about seven and one-half miles from tlie  town of Silverton: Commencing at a post on the  east side of Fennell creek marked "R. H. H.  Alexander's northeast corner," and running west  30 chains, thence south' 53 chains, thence east 30  chains, thence north 53 chains, to point of com.  lnencenient and containing 100 acres, more or  less.  Dated 20th August. 1897.  R. H. H. ALEXANDER.  Leave.  9:20 a.m.  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  NELSON  EOSSLAND  SPOKANE  Arrive.  5:35 p.m  2:50 "������  6:40 p.m.  Kaslo aud  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  SLO & SLOCAN KY  TIME CARD  DISSOLUTION  OF   PARTNERSHIP.  "T"HE . Partnership heretofore existing between  i Robert Sanderson and Nathan E. Lay, is  herebv dissolved bv mutual consent.  'ROBERT SANDERSON,  NATHAN E. LAY.  Trail. Sept. 13, 1897.  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADING CO,   LTD.  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 00 A.M. Kaslo  "   8 36 " South Fork  "   9 30 " Sproule's  "   9 51 " Whitewater     ������  '��� 10 03 ���' Bear Lake "  " 10 18 " McGuigan "  " 10 3S " Cody Junction "  Arr. 10 50 " Sandon Leave  Arrive, 3 50 P.M  "      3 15 "  ���'���       2 15 "  ������        2 CO "  1 AS "  1 33 "  1 12 "  1 00 "  Mt  On Kootenav Lake and K'ver.  Situate in the Slocan Mi.iing Division of AVest  Kootenay District. Where located: On top of  divide between Sandon and Cody creeks and  about one mile from mouth of Cody creek.  ���PAKE NOTICE, Tliatl.A.R. Heyland, acting as  1 agent for Alonzo D. Coplen. free miner's certilieate No, n,2Ul. intend, 00 days from the date  hereof to apply to the Mining'Recorder, for it  certilieate of 'improvements for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must ho commenced-before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this riSt'i day of September. 1S!)7.  Time Card   iu  Effect   Oct.   1st.    1K97.    Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Oloie connection nt  Five  Mile Point with all  passengei trains of tlieN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport. Rossiand and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at   Lowest Rates and  Baggage cheeked to all United States Points.  Sapphire and  Oeni Mineral Claims  Situate in the Slccan   Mining Division of West j  Kootenay District.    Where  located: Adjoining (lie Lalla Rook and  ".Minneapolis mineral  claims on Payne Mountain.  ���TAKE NOTICE that 1. John Hirseh. as agent  1 for the Ramsdell Mining and Milling Co.,  free miner's certificate No. 12!)S A, intend, sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the Miniiig  Recorder for certificate of improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining Crown grant of above claims.  And further take notice that action, under  Section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Noonday, Grey  Kaglo, and Fourth  .Inly Mineral Claims.  of  Date  "itb day ol  ���' 'clobcr. 1K97.  JOHN HIRSCH.  Situate in the Slocan   .Mining Division of West  Kouien,.y District.    Where located:   On the  east slope of the valley  of Cody creek, about  three miles from Cody.  'PAKE NOTICE,   That I,    J.   Ii.   Gray,   act-  1    ing   as     agent     for     Byron    N.     AVhite,  free   miner's   certificate   No!  7I.l'0O,  intend,   on  days from the date hereof to  apply to the Alining  Recorder for Certificate of Improvement.-5, for the  purpisc   of   obtaining   Crown   Grant   of   above  claims.  And furlhei" lak" notice thai action under Sec. j  .",7 must if commenced before issuance of such |  Certiliciile of improvements. j  Dated this St Ii day of September' is:i.j>  Lv  Lv  . Kaslo for Nelson and way points. 5:15 a.m  Ar. Northport 1l':15 p.m.: Rossiand 3:10 p  m.: Spokane. 0 p.m.  . Nelson for Kaslo and way points.-his p.m.  Lv. Spokane 8 a..m.; Rossiand. Pi:i'0 a.m.:  Northport. 1:50 a.m.  Leave 11.00 a.m.  "     11.25   ���'  For cheap  and from all  Sandon, B.D.  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngi  GEO.  CODY   LINE.  Sandon      Arrive 11.55 a.m.  ' Cody "      n.20   "  railroad and steamship tickets to  points, apply to s: CAMPBELL,  F. COPELAND,  Superintendent  THE   STEAMER  .HUNTER  Will leave NEW DENVER, every  afternoon upon arrival of train  from Sandon,  FOR SILVERTON,   SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE  POINTS.  NEW SERVICE ON KOOTENAY LAKE.  Lv. Nelson for Kaslo. etc. Tues.. Wed.. Thurs.  Fri.. Sat.: S:3n a.m. Ar. Kaslo. 1^:30, p.m  Lv. Kaslo for Nelson, etc.. Mon.. Tues.. Wed.  Thurs.. Fri.: -t p.m.   Ar. Nelson. 8 p.m.  BONNER'S KERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  Tlie Alberta awaits the arrival of the .International before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo. Siit..-Loo p. m: Ar. Boundary. Sun.  midnight: A.i. Bonner's Ferry. Sun., in.30 a.m.  Lv Bonner's Ferry. Sun., lp.m.: Ar. Boundary. Sun.. 5 p.m.: Ar. Kaslo. Sun.. 10 p.m.  Close c.oimeeton at Bonner's Ferry with  trains East bound, leaving Spokane 7.10 a.m..  and We-t bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  Tin; last trip this season on the Bonner's Ferry  route will he on the 0th and "fh November after  which date the Bonner's Ferry service will be  (lNciiiitinm-d.  Gl'MKl'I-"    ALK.XANDKK.dVii'l M:;r  Head ollice at Kaslo, B.C.  Kasio. B.C.. Oct. 1. 1.S.J-  Will leave SLOGAN CITY at 7 a.m.  every morning except Sunday  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  S. T. N. CO.. Ltd.,  June 1. 3X!i7  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master.  Hotel Vevey  Dining* Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevev, Slocan Lake, B.C. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B C, NOVEMBER 4, 1897.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0ORDS,  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded during the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Denve ��� were  as follows:���  LOCATION'S.  Oct i'7--lii.-iidigo, Four Mile, Wm. Lewis.  Oct i'S���Rockford. Carpenter, Jas R Ryan; Arcade, Bear Lake. Wm A Flayer; Effie 'White,  New Denver, Thos M Clement.  Xov 1���G S Fractional, Payne Mt. Fred Rechee;  Annie B, Carpenter, Augus'Matheson and W S  Taylor; South Park, Galena Farm, F Culver,  ASSESSMENTS.  Oct ic���Omega.  .Oct  is���-Midnight  Fraction,    Empire   No  0,  Braid.  Oct  i29���LH!a  Rooke,   Henderson,    Douglas.  Goldbug, William John, Galena Bank,Cazubazua  Fraction No'-', Wakefield Fraction.  ' Nov l���Sunrise No 0.  CKIC'iTFlCATK OF   IMI'KOVEMKNl'S.  Oct .'.in���Okanagau.  THAXSKKltS.  Oct 21��� Amazon 1, Jas S Reid to Mrs K Burger.  Oct i;i.  Oct ai*���1" T, F l'vinan to W S Taylor,  Printice Bov all interest, liy tlie Sherill', J W  Ryan to P Mil ayes, July il, rl70.  Oct ii���Irene, A 11 llluiueiiauei' to Geo Alexander, Oct jr.. ,,.-,,,,  Manitoba, power of attorney. Samuel E Watson to Join- Nuuii. ,,.,.-,  Manito'na. John Nuuii and Samuel E "A alson to  Hugh MacKay.OctL'l.slOO.  Oct-'5��� Blow Your Horn, A Ii Bremncr to'i  The West Kootenay (1:5 C) Exploring and .Mining  Prentice Fraction h, W 11 Dowding to E L.Wil-  S��Red Fox i aiHlCeiiiriil 1/0, A W Wright to Chas  McGregor, Oct i:t. ,,.,,,,.  Same, same to Allied Koliinsoii, sunie.  Oct ���.'��-- Electric .'., notice of title to same, AC  Allen.  Oct ill���Fountain Fraction 1/0, Ira W Ulac.k to  Robt McDonald, Oct 2:>, i-2u.  Ira W Black and Robt McDonald to John McDonald and John McDonald, one year's lease on  ' Fountain Fraction.  Fountain Fraction ', Ira Black to John McDonald. Oct 20, *5,000 conditionally.  Fountain Fraction .'., Jennie Knapp to John  McDonald, one year's lease, 20 per cent, of proceeds, Oct 20,  Oct 8U���R A M ", John Carraher to Henry h llz-  gerald, Oct 20,  Yuma Fraction, R W Gordon to Geo Alexander Oct 11.  Aurora Fraction, H B Alexander to The Ruth  Mines, Oct 14. ���,,,,..  Yuma, Aurora "so 9, and Suburban Fraction, E  M Sandilands to same. Oct 26.  The Trenton,,Walter Clough to James Cran,  Oct 19.   SLOGAN    CITY   DIVISION.  unless you  pay the  into beef and sent across the mountains j dreds went to Kootenay under the im- i to soak, unbuckle the stomach band  to tlie Kootenay mines. The all-rail | pression that gold was to be picked up j of eternity, Jet out tlie sun and moon,  rate to Montreal is reasonable consider-1 among the rocks and in the streams1, j but never delude yourself with the idea  ing that tlie distance is 2,300 miles j whereas it is for the most part a quartz j that you can escape the place on either  Poultry, eggs, butter and hay are j country, where skill, knowledge, busi-  shippeil in immense quantities to thejness methods, machinery and capital  mines. The turkey does remarkably j are required. Tliese self-deluded ones  well in these altitudes, .why T do not ' are now drifting hack to their homes in  know: but there are not many geese, j the east. Meanwhile the skilled miners  Cheese factories have made their ap-; are increasing in number. Men are  pearance,hut there is yet no surplus for i flocking in from all,parts of the United  export. In return, British Columbia I States, and some from Australia and  ships back  lumber,  salmon and fruit, j South Africa���not greenhorns, but old  hands who know what mining is.  On every side you hear them praying  for the completion of the Crow's iNeit  Railway that they may have cheaper  fuel   and transportation.    The Crow's  The lumber   is  pine���Oresron fir  the famous Douglas  they call it in the  States���and most of it comes from Vancouver, where the famous Hastings  mills'have been running 20 years.   The  i side of purgatory  | printer.''  i Methodist Church Service will be held  ��� on Sunday, Nov. 7th.���Morning at 11 in  ; the New School Building. Subject,  i "Thei Neglected p Prayer." Evening at  i 7 in the Presbyterian Church. Subject,  ! "What Time is It." Preacher, Rev. R:  ; N. Powell.  Go to  kinaws.  TV H. Hoben's  for  go:v.l  Mac  T  price of ranche horses has risen, owing | >[est is being pushed with extraordin-  to the demand for mining camps and | arv energv'. The grade through the1  prospectors, and for ne first time m j l>aSS w"*l. b'e a 1 per cent, grade: in i  years there is a good market for sheep. | other words, it will be bv all' odds the :  a train load of steers shipped a few days i easiest route across the "mountains, far ;  ago averaged 1,450 pounds in weight ; nm[ -nv.iy easier than any of the Ameri- ���!  on reaching Montreal, which meant an I t.ari routes. The Summit will be reach- !  average of 1,550 pounds per head here, i e(i with the rails in a few weeks, but!  At first ranching was carried on large-; heavy work Avill remain between Mc-���!  Iy by young Englishmen not consider-j Leod and Lethbridge. A 1 per cent.!  ed   lit for'anything   else.     They got I grade means that the road will be as;  level all the wav as that between Mont-'i  Business   Chance   for   Hotel  Man.  The Newmarket, of New Denver,-is  now open for lease���8 Large Rooms, 28  Bedrooms, Kitchen and Laundry. Most  popular hotel in the most prosperous  town in the Slocan.  Apply to  V Thompson, MitchHLn��$: Co.,  Corn. Agts., New Denver.  "remittances from home," lived fast for  a while and then died or disappeared.  Handling of this sort���'''farming with a  bottle and. a gun," as they say in Manitoba���was bound to end iii failure. The  ranchmen of to-day, many of whom are  See Hoben's corduroy and tweed suits  and ulsters.  Mining''and Stock'Brokers,  Sole Agents for Sale of Treasury Stock.  wonderfully low grade Avill make him  famous among engineers of the world.  ���Toronto Globe.  LOCATIONS.  Oct22���Birtle, Lemon. Dan Hanlon; Anson,  Herbert Bunting.  Oct 23���H G, Ernest Rackliff.  Oct X>��� Oasis, H N McNaught; 41), Chas Burke.  Oct 20���Sir Wilfrid, F A Brewer and .Toseiili  Payne.  ASSESSMENTS.  Oct 22���Better Still.  Oct 23���Black Hor.se, R A Cameron,  Oct'20���Denver Fraction, W K Richmond.  Oct 27���Snow Bird, J T Tipping.  tkansfkks.  Oct 2i���Mono '.Godfrey Adams to E L Wilson-  Owl .r)/12, W H Crawford to W Tliomlinson.  Oct 25���Two Friends J, C Murphy to W E Boie  Oct 26���Birch Grove J, Chas R Burke to Joseph  Payne. ___   FARMING IN   THE   NORTHWEST.  Calgary,   N. W.  T.���A New York  company .which started in to mine the  Klondike has resolved on the advice of  a German minerologist to  confine its  attention to the Peace River,  Cassiar  and Cariboo regions.   This expert believes there is quite as much gold there  as in the Klondike and that  the yield  in money will  be greater because the  mining season is  longer and cost of la.  bor and living less.   The Klondike, he  says,  resembles .parts of   northern Siberia, where there is a great  deal of  placer gold, but where the  quartz from  which it has been torn cannot be found  owing to the  fact  that  in the present  age it lies buried far beneath  the surface.    The mounted Police are trying to  establish a route to the Klondike from  Edmonton,   the distance   between the  two points being 1,350 miles.    Whether  they succeed or not, their labor will not  be altogether thrown away, since,  so  far as they may be able  to carry it, the  trail will  be of use to miners entering  the vast,  unexplored wilderness  traversed . by the Peace and Liard Rivers  and    their    innumerable    tributaries.  Everybody looks for a rush to the Peace  in spring.    If there should be one Calgary and   Edmonton   will   ''boom" as  never before.  As it is, they tire doing well. If I had  to choose between going into the lottery of mining, with its big prizes and  multitudinous blanks, and putting my  little pile into farming or ranching oil  this eastern slope of tlie Rocky Mountains, I should prefer farming simply  because of the more certain return.  Coal, timber, water,soil, climate���there  is everything here to make it pay. At  Fort AfcLeod there is a store'with the  alliterative sign:  Old Bill Brown,  Adventurer and  Agitator,  Groceries and Cuff.  Old Bill it  was who first told the Canadian   Pacific   surveyors   when   they  reach (id  Maple  Creek   that they were  entering a region full of  coal  and  destined   withal to  be a stock raising and  darying country. At that day southern  Alberta was considered  an uninhabit-l  able waste.   The projection of the Great I  American Desert was supposed  to  run j  far to the north between Swift  Current '  on the East and Calgary on  the west, I  but Bill, who had been in the service of!  I. G. Btiker and the II.   B.  C,   insisted j  that it was just the place  for  ranching i  and mixed farming, and   that as settle-;  nient progressed the alkali lakes would !  disappear and the  seeming barrenness!  of the earth be turned to a pretty high j  standard of fertility. j  The Edmonton district is. of course.'  singularly favored by nature: the. j  doubt was regarding Southern Alberta ,  and a portion of Assinaboia. In the!  main Old Bill Brown's words have come j  true. Maple Creek,1 Medicine Hat and;  Calgary arc flourishing towns support-1  ed by the ranches of cattle, horses and I  sheep, aud bv fanning settlements|  dotted here and there along the rivers, i  Owing to the rise in prices the cattle j  shipments to England this fall are re-j  cord breakers. Four-year-old steers:  and "long threes" net S4-2 per head on j  the range. Cattle not fat enough tobear|  exporting  to   England   are converted!  Englishmen,   are   hard-headed,    hard  working    fellows   'who    are    making  money. They come to Calgary or Mc-  Lcod'for their letters aud supplies, but  except !or such -breathing spells, their  whole time is spent on the ranges, half  of it or more in the saddle. The "remittance man" has succumbed in Manitoba.   With   his   habits   he  could not  have made wheat-growing nay had the  price been two dollars a bushel: at any  rate, when it fell to   50   cents   he  was  soon wiped out. The so-called gentleman farmer who imagined he could run  a big farm   without doing   any work  himself has likewise come to grief, and  as a rule big bonanza farms have not  paid.  The best farm hereabouts is Mr. W.  R. Hull's. He has 400 acres.under cultivation, with irrigation, and 500 head  of cattle, fat shorthorn  steers intended  for the local butcher.   The ranche, for  it really   is  a ranche, is   served  by a  main ditch running from  Fish Creek.  and the Bow.    Irrigation  costs a dollar  per acre.    He cut 1.300 tons of timothy  off 300 acres this year, and had a splendid yield of  wheat,   barley, oats and  bromus.     Bromus   is   the   Australian  broom grass.    Mr. Hull  says it is the  solution of the feed question in southern Alberta,  that it   can   be raised as  abundantly and cheaply as alfalfa in the  Argentine.   Last summer those who do  not irrigate were nearly as well off as  those   who   do,   owing   to the copious  rains.   The oldest inhabitant says rain  falls in abundance during cycles of six  years, which are succeeded by spells  of four years with comparatively little  rain.  The fall round-up is now in progress  and the fat steers are being shipped  east by the hundred.   Mathew Arnold  sings of the Roman noble who drank  fast and fierce and   drove   in  "furious  guise along the Appin Way."   In the  vernacular   of   the  plains   the Roman  noble was "not in it" with a "cowpunch-  er on a toot," that is to say, with a cowboy who having brought a herd to the  railroad station proceeds to till himself  with the whiskey of the country and  then proceeds to"give an  exhibition of  violent   and   eccentric   horsemanship.  The Broncho Pete type of cowboy, who  Avhen   in   this   condition   shoots at Ins  fellow-creatures, is   not   found on   the  Canadian side of the boundry.    In the  Kootenay mines, where there is a decidedly queer assortment of humanity,  especially   at   night   in the   gambling  dens, the "touglit sport," i. �� the bad  man  from Bitter Creek, has too much  respect for British law to draw his gun  even   under   the   worst    provocation.  Thanks to the Mounted Police and the  high reputation of Canadian courts  of  justice, life and  property are as safe at  these outposts of civilization as on the  streets of Toronto.   It must be allowed,  however,  that when the cow-puncher  strikes McLeod and falls  in with a few  of the Crow's Nest navvies they manage  between them to establish "a hot time  in the old town to-night."  Fuel is cheap. The foot-hills are  covered with spruce and fir, and the  bluffs and river banks with poplar and  cottonwood. Lignite is mined at Medicine Hat, Cypress Hills, Red Deer,  Edmonton and Sturgeon River ; semi-  bituminous at Letlibridge, Pot Hole,  Woodpecker, Knee Hill, etc.; true  bituminous at Camnore, Pincher Creek,  High River,Sheep Creek and elsewhere.  Prices range from 75 cents to SB per  ton at the pit's mouth according- to  grade. The anthracite found at "Anthracite costs S2.50 to So on board the  cars. At'Calgary there is a soft, easily  worked building stone which turns hard  on exposure to the weather and has a j The Newmarket, of New Denver, one  fine appearance. The whole eastern i of the best known hotels of the Slocan,  slope of the mountains is limestone,and | is now open for lease. With its corn-  there is an abundance of brick clay j modious rooms and, occupying as it  with natural gas, burning spings, | does the most prominent business situ-  petroleuin deposits, bog, hematite and j ation in town, it should command the  magnetic iron ores, with anv amount of j attention of a first-class man.  water power in the. streams' coming out j    Wm.k was 1jCffun Mondaymorninff ou  the renovation of the Methodist church  anil in a few days that will be as handsome a church building its any in the  Slocan. Two hundred dollars have  been subscribed toward the work. It  will be hard finish, electric  lighted and  real and Ottawa. A 2.35 had been determined on, but Mr. Haney found that  1 per cent, was practicable 'with some  extra expenditure*   He made a .name  for- himself   in   conjunction   wjth   Mr  ; enough yearlv to put her on an indepen-  Hugh Ryan at the Sault, but, the font of: (lent ",'in;lncja] footing,  crossing, the Uockv mountains with this  Canada is a nation-of herself and yet  she hasn't a dollar of her own mintage,'  although   producing   gold    and    silver  ^lllll!lllllllin!!llllll|lllin!lll!!!llll!!llllll!llllll!llll!l!llllll!lllllllllll!nilt-^|.  | NEWS IN PLACE J  ^illlllllllillilllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllilHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllllllllllllllll^  Silverton will have a board of fire  wardens.  A daughter has come to bless the home  of Mr. and Mrs. John Taylor.  The band concert last Saturday even- j  ing was greatly enjoyed by promenad- j  ers.    ���      r. ,��� .  Knox Bros, have removed to the  Thompson-Mitchell ��� building, opposite  the post ollice.  There's been many a "hot time in the  old town" the past few nights���but, oh.  the difference in the morning.  In the window of the Electric Light  office is a handsome display of electrical  appliances, globes, lights, etc.  Ground was broken Saturday morning  on a cross-cut being run to tap the ledge  on the Frisco at a depth of 100 feet.  Last week the Evening Star No. 8,  on Dayton Creek, made a shipment of  30 tons of ore to the Nelson smelter.  Assayer West has moved his office  into his new building on Sixth street,  where he has very commodious quarters.  Work on the Ma Mere, consisting of  three open cuts and a , 20-foot shaft,  shows the ledg'e to be continuous and  strong.  Next to the "dry earth" closet system the slaughter house on Carpenter  creek is the most obnoxious thing to be  condemned.  Divine Service will be held in the  Presbyterian curch next Sunday at 11  a.m. Subject���"MatureFaith." Preacher, W. J. Booth.  John Johnston, one of Nelson's pioneers, died last week of pneumonia, tie  was proprietor of the Silver King Hotel,  which he built in 1890.  Little Tommy Madden, son of J.  Madden, proprietor of the Two Friends  hotel, Slocan City, died last week, aged  four years and six months.  Sunday nignt was Hallowe'en. The  occasion may have slipped by without  the New Denver small boy thinking  about it for he was not abroad.  The bond   on   the   Gold   Wedge,  a  Lemon Creek property, has been taken  up by the British Canadian Gold Fields  Co., Toronto, and work will be pushed j  on the property this winter.  Several citizens are advocating the  working of prisoners from time to time  confined in the New Denver jail on the  streets of the town instead of sending  them to Kamloops." A bright idea.  The government agent has been in  New Denver the past week collecting  the government rovalty, on wood of 25  cents per cord, and Palma Angrignon  wishes to ask why this royalty is not  used on the public roads, for which purpose it is collected.  Slocan City has again challenged New  Den voir for' two games of association  football, and the boys here have telegraphed for a ball to get into practice.  Sandon also wants a slap at Denver at  Rugby and will be accommodated, as  the" local men are ready for all comers.  CiiIIiijjc    Cor   Kent.  Anew six-room  cottage,  lathed   aud  plastered tbronghott, for rent.  Apply to  TlIO.Ml'SON, M'.rcnixi, <.t Co.,  Coin. Agts., New Denver.  !   A  full  line of  rubbers and socks  at  Hoben's.  Business Stand to rent with two rooms  up stairs, on Slocan avenue, New Denver. Also Restaurant business and  outfit for sale. Applv to Thompson.  Mitchell & Co.  The latest novelties in Ladies Capes,  Jackets, Dress Goods and Millinery, at  Mrs. Merklev.  ITURP  u  f'T'i'-mtmrnrmrTM  I carry the stock���the largest in the Sloean-  .Kootenay, in show  rooms covering  3,000 1'eet of floor space.  See Hoben's corduroy and tweed suits  and ulsters. ' "   . "���  Go to Hoben's for niackinaws.  C.O.Di  Goods called  for & Delivered  Furniture for a. Mansion or Cottage at,  ttora PrI  One hundred dozen of chairs to select from  direct from the factories at prices low as the  lowest. D. M. CROWLEY, practical upholsterer, with a staff of mechanics, can make  anything to order.  Undertakin  AUNDRY  We are now in a  give  sa im  position to  thoroughly  isfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ./''���-"Rates  furnished .Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  Note the address: Above the Ledge office,  Sixth Street. New Denver.  Freight imid on goods to Sandon. Slooim City and all Lake points.  f*,55sJ**B*K-"*"8E3B?'. ^nrS^W!BK&%n^ftWW>vS?5^  Has often been electrified  by the wonderful bargains  offered from time to time by  people with something to sell,  but it remains for  . .  W  of the mountains. At Edmonton gold  washing in the Saskatchewan yields  fair wages, even with the primitive  wheelbarrow and cradle, during low  water in spring and fall. Just now  sonic Americans are buying the black  sand and treating it by electricity.  But, after all/while the rivers of the  north are undoubtedly rich in gold, the  truowealth of Alberta lies  in  her  vast  agricultural     capabilities,     with     the  Kootenay mines as a market  for  small  truck and the  British  market  for  the.  staples of beef, mutton and wheat. The  stock is well bred,  the  chief  breeds of  cattle being  Shorthorn,  Hereford   and  black and red Polled Angus; of horses,  the Clydes. Shires, hackneys and hunters.    Some think that  the coining-beef  breed  of the   ranges   is  the Galloway,  which thrives better on the foot-hills of  the Rocky Mountains than on his native  heath.    Bulls are   imported   from   the  eastern   Provinces   and   from   the  old  country.    Northern Alberta resembles  somewhat the country along flak Ridges back of Cobourg,  or  to  that  on the  uplands behind  C'akville,   only   it is of  enormous area and quite new, with cool  summers and a winter tempered by the  Chinook winds from   the Pacific Ocean.  Approaching the  mountains  one encounters ! people     returning   from  the ]  British   Columbia  mines.     To  employ j  the vernacular again, they turn   out  to  be   "pilgrims" and   ���'wind-jammers''���  amateur miners   and   would-be  boom-  sters���who "could not make it go" when  the time came for serious  work.    Hun-  Sandon,- B. C, Oct. 21, 1897.  To all whom it may Concern',  This is to certify that as I am  removing from Town, G. W. GRIM-  METT, Watchmaker and Jeweler, of  Sandon has purchased my business.  I beg' to thank my numerous  customers for their patronage in the  past and I hereby respectfully request that they will give their patronage in the future to MR.  GRIMMETT.  W. HALLER,  Watchmaker and Jeweler  D  Q  to  Ledge   to  America for  address in  vear and a  exceed  all such   propositions.     For the sum of ��5.00  ���-any kind of a five that will  be   recognized  in monetary  circles���we   will   send  The  anv  one  box of 50 Trail Blazer Cigars.  Ponder over this, gentle and  1 refined reader,  and send the  7 &5   before  this   magnificent  % chance   fades into   the obli-  I vion of past opportunities. . .  1       R.  T.   LOWERY.  .oints toa successful issue, as   ft rff $QU     LONDON, ENG.  lecured is beyond peradven- j f% I 11 i\ J j  st   obtained   for  any similar j Subscription..":.'./^ pcriuiiiuin  '. new rustic put on.  j     The details are being rapidly perfe.ct-  ' ed for the combined  K. of 17 and Band.  concert on Thanksgiving night.    Every  indication points toa successful issiK.  : the talent se  turethe bes  event in   town.    The concert, will  lie  given in the Clever Hall.  There must be some redeeming feature about the dry earth closet system,  but so far as it has been put into practice in New Denver that feature has not  v.een shown. It is the foulest system of  sanitary cleanliness that a decent community ever could be pestered with,and  what this city has had of it can be only  likened to the far corner of a hog pen. '  Friday evening the Foresters of New  Denver.' Silverton. Slocan City and  Nakusp purpose holding a re-union in  the Clever Hall. It will take the nature  of a concert, dance and supper. The  Millward orchestra will furnish the  music, and a good time is expected. .1.  Falconer, District Grand Deputy, will  be present and deliver a short address.  A contemporary makes the following  suggestion : "Vou may have all the  stars in a nail keg, hang the ocean on  a fence to dry, put the sky in a gourd  ^T^i^^T  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within*  ei  :eview  To    Broker?,    Mininir  Eiiuriiu'crs. owners of  Mitfinir elnims. Mining; Engineers, Assay ers,  Journalists and others:���  Advertise in tin:  li.   C. Review,    The  only   representative    B.    C.   Journal    in  J5uroi,e-     A Good Investment  u eweier  KASLO CITY.  The only Practical Watchmaker in the  nay District. Orders by mail -ecoivc  attention.  B.C  Kootc-  promp  Agents for B. CV Sugar Refinery and Royal  Citv Pianino- Mills.  'DEXBHED ROOMS  *��?  Mrs. A  By Day or Week.  J. Murphy. SIXTH STREET  First-class  Hi brick on hand  and   shipped  to any part of  the   country.  ALL AVORK GUARANTEED Goettsche&Magnuson,Props  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST.  NEWSDEALER,  and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars, To-  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery.  '����  SLOCAN   CITY   and   TEN   MILE.  A full line of Prospectors' and Miners  Supplies atTenMile Store.


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