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The Ledge Nov 10, 1898

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 .Volume VI.   No. 6.  NEW DENVER, B. G., NOVEMBER 10,-1898.  Price,-��2 00 Year  SLOGAN GAMP NEWS ��  SCOPFS   AT    HARD     LUCK   STOKIES.  C.  li*.  I'  ���i-i-y   Tells of Hi*   Kxrerieiiee*  the Northern Country.  Ed. Moore has gone east for tlie winter.  J. C. Harris will spend the winter in  England.  An assay offico has been put in at the  Wakefield.  Thanksgiving Day is on the 24th of  this month.  J. H Wereley is erecting a cottage on  Slocan avenue.  The Provincial Legislature will meet  on the 5th of January.  M. R. W. llathborne is the new manager of Jackson Mines.  Thos. Bucke, of Stonewall, Man.,died  in Sandon last Friday.  Geo McLean is the new chef at the  Lakeview Hotel in Silverton.  The rates at the St. Leon Hot Springs  -are Si.25 a day, with free baths.  The chute of job printing in The  Ledge office is still being worked.  W.Walters has been appointed agent-  general for this Province in London.  The Banks of Commerce and B. N. A.  have opened branches at Greenwood.  The Emily Edith is developing into  a very large concentrating proposition.  On the Ajax a lead 20 feet wide has  been crosscut.   The ore is steel galena.  Boun��� In Rosebery, on Nov.  1st, the  wife of John Souter of a daughter.  The French Creek Co., in the Big  Bend, expect to make a clean-up next  week.  Dan Dorsey is sick with typhoid fever  at Brooklyn. He has been ill several  weeks.  It is said that the smelter at Golden  will be blown shortly. It is to be run  on copper ore  The force on the Comstock has been  decreased awaiting the completion of  the concentrator.  The Jane Coombs Comedy-Drama  Company is playing to big houses in  Sandon this week.  If you owe this paper anything send  it in as the editor requires a few turkeys  for Thanksgiving Day.  Zetta, the mind-reader, and company  gave two interesting entertainments  in Clever's hall this week.  Work is being pushed on the Marion,  and a shipment will be made as soon as  the ore can be taken out.  The ball given last Thursday night  by the K. of P. boys met with tlie usual  success, financially and socially.  The Jane Coombs Company will play  in the Bosun Theatre, New Denver, for  three nights commencing Nov. 28.  A. Carney has been appointed police  magistrate in Kaslo. He will no doubt  deal out justice with a strong arm.  The shipments of ore from Sandon  last week amounted to 339 tons. From  Three Forks 26-li tons were shipped.  Frank Croft was killed in the Dardanelles last week by a rock falling on  him while he, was in the incline shaft.  J. H. Moran's house on Slocan avenue  is nearly finished. It is one of the best  and most unique structures in the city.  The lower tunnel on the Canadian  group is in 400 feet, and will be extended 200 feet. A Trebilcock, of Sandon,  has the contract.  Work has been resumed on the Trade  Dollar with John Sudro as foreman.  The property is owned by Geo. Hughes  and Wm. Sudrow.  Tbos. Struthers has closed his store  at Rosebery and gone to the Boundary  country. D. L Taylor is acting as  postmaster in his stead.  Jim Sherran has gone to Chicago to  spend Lthe winter with :the old folks.  Jim is one of the whitest boys in this  camp and deserves a good eastern time.  The enrollment of pupils at the Nelson public school for the month of  October reached a total of 284, an increase of 31 over the preceeding month.  An ore house for the Bosun is being  built near the new wharf. The property  is being surveyed for a crown grant.  The town office will be opened about  the 1st of December.  Several dramatic companies have  applied for the privilege of opening the  Bosun Opera House in New Denver,  but that honor has been reserved for  New Denver's brass band.  J. Feldman, who was recently arrested at Sandon for keeping a watch  belonging to a man named Stewart,  writes from Revelstoke to say that the  evidence in court did not support the  charge against him.  Fred Mountain, chief of Provincial  police in this district, has been promoted, and his position is to be taken by  W. H. Bullock-Webster.  Mr. Mountain  has not as yet received any instructions  from headquarters as to his new duties.  The Hall Mines Co. intends to use  electricity as the motive power in their  mine, and has purchased a six drill  compressor of the Ingerspll-Sergeant  type, and will get their power from the  West Kootenay Power & Light Company.  The Dundee mine, near Ymir, recently made a test shipment of 20 tons to  the Hall Mines smelter, which gave returns of over $50 per ton, an increase  in value of 40 per cent, over the last  shipment. The ore came from the 250  foot level. "���  The big blast furnace of the Halls  Mines smelter was blown out about  12 o'clock on Sunday night owing to  shortage of coke. There is plenty of  ore on hand, and operations will be  resumed as soon as the coke supply is  replenished.  Some of the Chinamen around Sandon  were notified to leave the Slocan last  week. A few of them got out, and the  balance decided to take chances and  hold their jobs at the Payne and Noble  Five. The Mongolians are not welcome  in the Slocan.  Some pumpkins from Harris' Bosun  ranch are on exhibition jn the dining  room window of the Newmarket Hotel.  This exhibition is so different from the  usual exhibit of the productions of the  Slocan that it causes many prospectors  to stop and admire it. Some have been  seen looking at them with a glass  and wondering if the yellow in the rind  was free gold or just ordinary pyrites.  The West Kootenay Power & Light  Company's right of way between Bon-  nington "Falls and Rossiand is cleared,  and all that remains to be done is the  distributing of poles along about eight  miles of the route. This should be  finished by the 10th instant. The copper wire is on the ground, and the  company expects to be in a position to  supply power to Rossiand in about 20  days."  In our last issue appeared an item  stating that Fleischman, a Jew peddler,  had been arrested in Sandon. The  name should have been Feldman. Mr.  Jacob Fleishmaiin, who is regarded  everywhere in this Province as a good  citizen aud a square business man has  been much annoyed liy this item and  it affords us mucli pleasure to say that  he was not the Jinan. Old timers say  that Jake is one of the squarest men i'n  the country.  The first annual harvest and Thanksgiving services in connection with the  Anglican Mission here, will be held on  Sunday next. The Mission Room will  be prettily decorated with product of  field, forest and mine, and the music  will be appropriate to the occasion.  The choir will have the assistance of  several musicians from other places, as  well as additional local voices. The  morning service at 11 will take the  form of "a general thanksgiving, while  the evening service at 7:30 will follow  more closely the form of a harvest  festival.  Charles E. Perry, C.E., formerly of  the Canadian Pacific engineering staff,  has just returned to Vancouver from  the Omineca country, where he has  been exploring and prospecting since  early in the year, and to the Province  he gives some very interesting information. He is now superintendent of the  St. Anthony Exploration Company, and  associated with him on the trip were  Arthur Webster, lately of the geological  survey of Canada, T. R. Moore, who  was in charge of the commissary, and  C. A. Thompson, a placer mining expert from California.  Mr. Perry's views regarding the  much maligned Ashcroft trail are interesting, principally because they are  diametrically opposed to those of the  people who "haxe wandered back with  hard luck stories.  "It is wearisome to hear these yarns  about the dangers and difficulties of  the Ashcroft trail. Most of those who  came to grief did so between Ashcroft  and Hazleton. Some retraced their  steps and others came down the Skeena  from .Hazleton. Now of that portion  of the route the first 220 miles to Ques-  nelle mouth is over the Cariboo wagon  road, as good a road as a man would  want to travel on. From Quesnelle  mouth to Hazleton is the old Telegraph trail, and when men come back  here and say that there is no trail  they are talking rot, At all points between Quesnelle mouth and Hazleton  the trail is as well defined and as plainly marked to any one with experience  in woodcraft as are the streets of this  city. Of course this did not prevent  people losing themselves,  for of all the  round. The fish in Tachla, Stuart and  Cross lakes and in all' the neighboring  rivers are magnificent. The trout and  white fish are particularly good. It is  not a game country, however, except  during the short period that the ducks,  geese and other birds are migrating.  "The timber is small but abundant,  and I might mention that I found the  extreme northern limit of the Douglas  fir, about half way up Tacla lake."  NEW    GREAT    "WESTERN'  DEAL.  The Vancouver Company Short of Funds  and Gives a Lease.  ROSSLAND'S MINES  !��Sc  JOTTINGS   FROM WHITEWATER.  The 1,800-foot tunnel on the Whitewater Deep'may be started at any time  in the near future as everything is  being got ready as quickly' as possible by the management.  Snow has been tumbling at the rate  of six inches every 24 hours, and if it  keeps coming* in such quantities until  Xmas we shall surely be able to ask it  to hold up for the balance ofthe season.  A man employed at the Jackson  House was taken' to Kaslo on Sunday  night by three or four of the citizens.  He had received an ugly gash by coming in contact with some window glass  and by all appearance an artery was  severed. Dr. Clancy of ' this town  accompanied him to Kaslo.  Business is quite brisk and as far  we can learn there is no kicking  about hard times in Whitewater. The  hotels are all doing a good business,  and the outlook is bright for Whitewater.  Thirty men quit work at the Last  Chance on Tuesday. The trouble between the men and" Supt. Woods arises  from the late expulsion of the Chinese  from the Ajax and Payne, in which the  Last Chance men took part.  Change    in   the   Record   Office.  On Monday Robert Thompson received word from Victoria to the effect that  after the 15th inst. his services as  deputy in the Recording office here will  be no longer required, the reason given  for his dismissal being to make room  for a duly appointed Recorder to fill the  office made vacant by the appointment  of Alex. Sproat as Gold Commissioner.  The names of Angus Mclnnes and  Joseph Irwin are mentioned as possibilities to receive the appointment.  |JW|"U    lUUIIIi       U..U....1U'   ���   w, .,'. v...     IV..      V..W  people utterly unfit to be away from  home the   Ashcroft route  must have  gathered a large propertion.    Mind, 1  am  not endorsing the Ashcroft route  as a proper one to" take to the Klondike  region.    1  do not think it a practicable  route when others so much shorter are  available, but at the same time   the  men who came to grief on it were entirely and   totally   ignorant   of   anything.    Many  we're city men,   others  were farmers, but of those  who had  ever been on a trail before 1 don't think  1 saw   ten.   Some of   them lost their  horses by tieing thein up at night, so  that the poor brutes coulel not feed and  would die of starvation.   Other  parties  wondered all oi"er Cassiar district looking for a trail  that was really as plain  as  an asphalt pavement.     One outfit  we passed had been five months coming over a portion  of the road which  we covered in 24 days, and our mules  were    carrying    much   bigger   loads.  Oh, we saw theiii all along the route.  They   would   shoot   a little bit, fish a  little  bit,  loaf   along*,  having a good  time ana  eating   up their  provisions.  That was  their own business, but is a  shame for these  men   to   come back  and malign a country when their own  ignorance and stupidity alone are  to  blame.  "As to the party with which Sir  Arthur Curtis was'"travelling, I saw  them on the way and the only wonder  to me is that they did not all lose their  lives. They were the usual type of  utterly inexperienced young Englishmen, a nice looking* lot of voung men,  but whose only idea of hardship was  to wear a wide hat and top boots. I  believe they had another Englishman  who had been in the Mounted Police to  guide them, but what does a mounted  policeman know about mountain and  heavy bush work ? I would trust him  to lose himself quicker than anybody.  Curtis went away one morning before  breakfast to look for some horses that  had strayed away: The rest of his  party did not wait for him but struck  camp and went ahead. They did not  begin to search until a day after. I  have no doubt but that he fell into some  swamp and is there still.  "We continued up:the Telegraph trail  to a point about 110 miles north of  Quesnelle mouth and then branched off  to Fort St. James on Stuart lake, 00  miles further on. I made a survey of  the waterways from Quesnellemouth by  the Fraser river to Fort George, thence  by the Nechaco "'nd Stuart rivers to  Fort St. James, and of tlie Tat-Che and  Middle rivers which connect Stuart  lake, Cross lake and Tachla lake Thus  there is water communication 370 miles  in length to Xuckloy house at the head  of Tacla lake, which, by the expenditure of 850,000, can be made navigable  for such steamers as those which were  built for the Stickine traffic. Tlie only  obstaclcs to be removed from the rivers  are collections of small boulders. There  are no log jams.  "We have, taken some good hydraulic  ground on Germansen and Manson  creeks and on Onacluga creek, a tributary of the Nation river. Our holdings  include quite a number of hydraulic  propositions and we intend to begin  operations in the spring. We have  brought back a quantity of good coarse  gold and nuggets.  "The country is very mountainous  and from the Rockies westward it is  destitute of plains of any considerable  extent. The mountains rise from 3,000  to 7,000 feet, but only very few of the  ridges are   snow-capped all the year  The Vancouver company,  known as  the Two Friends Mine,  Limited, which  has been attempting the development of  the Gieat Western mine in  the Slocan,  held a special general meeting on Saturday, when it was announced that owing  to the company's funds being exhausted,  and to the inability of the company to  raise money by the further sale of the  treasury stock, it had been necessary to  close down operations at the property.  During the operations of the company  nine car loads of clean ore were shipped,  which, from smelter returns, averaged  114 ounces in silver and 64.3 per cent,  lead.   About 400 tons of concentrating  ore was mined, of which about 325 tons  were run through the Washington mill,  producing 66 tons of concentrates, which  were also shipped,  the average returns  being 104.5 ounces silver and 50 per cent,  lead.   The   directors   of   the   company  state that it will require another $8,000  to carry on development,  but being unable to raise this amount they recommended   the furthor development and  working of the Great Western on  the  basis of a four months' lease,  the lessee  undertaking within  four months to pay  off- the existing liablities of the company  ���some $4,5000���with  an  option to purchase within 10 months,   and at the end  of 10 months, .to organize a new company with a capital of $500,000, of which  the Two Friends company  will receive  $237,500 in paid up stock for its interest  in the Great Western.   The lessee will  be alloted a like amount,  and will also  pay into the treasury $50,000 in cash for  working   capital;    the   balance   of th*3-  stock, viz.,   $25,000,  will  remain at the  disposal of the new company,  to be disposed of if further capital is required.  SILVEK    OUTLOOK.  The steady advance in the price of  the white metal must be very encouraging to the owners of silver properties  as well as to the residents of British  Columbia in general. Even if the price  remains as it is now quoted it will mean  the ushering in at an early date of a  season of   unparalleled  prosperity for  every mining* district in the Province.  The silver properties of the Slocan and  Nelson divisions alone, when extensively and systematically operated, are  sufficient to "produce a most beneficial  effect upon the country at large, while  the results which will be experienced in  Kootenay as soon as they are so worked  will be gratifying in the extreme. The  rise in silver "is again attracting the attention of the investors in this direction, and it will not be long* until they  take advantage of the opportunities  which await "them. Capital does not  require a great while to look around in  its seeking for safe and legitimate investment, and if silver continues to  hold its own above the 00 mark this  fact will soon be demonstrated in the  opening up of new prospects and the  further development of mines which  have been lying idle for sometime past.  ���Trade Review.  The Le Roi pay roll includes 300.  The Alberta shows four inches of good  ore on the hanging wall.  The new strike on the Novelty ,'is  seemingly an important one  Drifting is in progress on the White  Bear towards the east at the 250-foot  level, and some ore is met.  The station is being cut out at the  200-foot level in the shaft of the No. 1,  and the crosscut for the ledge is under  way.  A force of 15 men is employed in getting things in shape on the Iron Horse  for the installation of the compressor  plant.  The new winze on the Iron Mask is  down somewhat less than 30 feet, and  continues to show about three feet of  good ore.  Timbering has been steadily in progress in the Gertrude shaft, but it is  nearly completed, and sinking will be  resumed this week.  Operations have been resumed on the  Lily May, 'and a crow of 10 men has  been put to work. The shaft is now  down 20 feet deeper.  The ore shipments of the past week  amounted to 3,800 tons. Of that the  Le Roi furnished 3,000 tons, while the  War Eagle contributed 800 tons.  The Commander shaft is down about  280 feet and considerable quartz is coming in, to the exclusio-i of the copper  which, was met in the higher levels.  The Giant shaft is down about 110  feet, and from now on it will be sunk  vertically regardless of the vein. Cross-  cutting will be undertaken around the  200-foot level.  The new shaft on the east end of the  Grand Prize is down 20 feet, and the  entire bottom of   the   workings  is in  quartz and   calcite impregnated with  white iron and a trace of copper.  The Le Roi shipped 12,445 tons of ore  during the month of October, and the  cost of extraction, including the dead  work, advance development and hoisting of waste, was only S2.47| per ton.  The new three-compartment shaft on  the Centre Star is now down 10 feet.  The raise from the tunnel level in line  with the shaft is up about 65 feet, while  the winze from the tunnel level is down  about 15 feet.  The tunnel on the Mascot shows some  mixed ore, but the vein is sinuous, and  as the tunnel is being driven straight  ahead the face of the workings is in and  out of the ledge. Twenty-seven men  are at work.  BIG   POOL    CREEK    DEAL.  Last August a bond was given to Mr.  Otto Abel ing- on the Revenue, on the  Mohawk lead, on Pool creek, and on  Monday the deal was put through by  W. B. Pool and the cash paid over to  the owner, Arthur Ellis, says the Revel  stoke Herald. The Revenue is situated  on Pool creek, about eight miles from  Thomson's Landing,and is reached by a  first-class pack trail. There  of timber and water on the claim for the  purpose of mining. The ore is of a  similar character to that found on the  Beatrice and is on the same ledge.  Beyond all doubt the Mohawk lead has  the best showings of any lead in the  whole of Kootenay to-day. It has been  the wonder of all mining men who have  visited that [district. With the extensive development work now being done  on the Beatrice, the Mohawk lead  should be well advertised and will bring  the Pool creek camp into prominence  next year.  The Nelson Miner tells of R. C. Campbell-Johnson's hard and unpleasant  experience while attempting to get into  East Kootenav via the Crow's Nest  Pass Railway." The company are not  taking passengers at present, but Mr.  Campbell-Johnson succeeded in going  considerable distance by rail when he  ws.s forced to descend and return to  Kuskonook on foot, sleeping out one  night on the wav.  The shaft in the Abe Lincoln is now  down 190 feet, and the bottom of, the  workings is all in mineral. Assays  from the quartz showed values ranging  from S2S to S33, including seven per  cent, in copper.  The Eureka Consolidated Company,  which is controlled by Ross Thompson,  has resumed work on its properties, the  Eureka and the Evening, on the southwest slope of Red mountain, near the  California and the Giant. !  The tunnel in the Joseph Loiter group  is now in 110 feet in length. Lead No.  3 has been crosscut and it is eig*ht feet  wide. The tunnel is now being driven  toward lead No. 2, which is a continuation of the rich lead of Copper Wonder.  The shaft on the Copper Chief is now  down 20 feet. There is three feet of ore  in the shaft, which assays $10 to the ton  in gold. A shaft house'has been erected and the shaft is being timbered and  everything is being made snug and  comfortable for winter operations.  The shaft on the Deer Park, which is  now down 305 feet, has shown a rapid  and satisfactory change in the past few  days. A stringer of quartz was met at  the 200-foot level similar in character to  that met in the 150-foot level. The  is plenty j stringer has rapidly widened, until it is  ' '" now "about two feet wide, while the  entire bottom of the workings is iu  mineral.    Sixteen men are at work.  being overcome by bad air and falling  to the bottom.  Fred Holt, the lone survivor of the  three miners who went down into the  Sunset shaft on their fatal mission on  Wednesday evening, tells a graphic  story of his frightful experience.  "We had been warned by George  Drewry against making the descent,"  said he, "for the air was bad and the  hoist could not be worked, so that in  case of accident we must needs climb  the long ladder 250 feet straight up to  the tunnel level where the station was  cut. Cain, however, was not inclined  to believe that there was danger and we  started down. Although Drewry again  protested we got into the skip.  "At the bottom of the shaft the air  was not noticeably bad, and we walked  out to the end of the crosscut, 310 feet  away. There was a big pile of muck  there from the last blast, and Nolan and  Cain set to work moving it back, while I  was busy with the block and the foot  board for- the drill. We had been working perhaps 15 minutes, getting everything in readiness for the time when air  would be at hand, when suddenly I noticed the gas filling the crosscut and I  started back to the foot of the shaft.  Half way there the air seemed to be  better and I stopped to rest for a moment. Behind me came Cain and Nolan, staggering along. They were very  nearly gone as a result of the gas they  had been breathing.  " 'Where are you going?' I asked of  Cain as he reeled towards me.  ��� .".'I'll try and get to thesurfaceifl can  make it,' he gasped. His face was  drawn and white and in the flickering  light of our candles his appearance was  most ghastly.  "We plunged on to the mouth of the  shaft and I started up. Behind me came  Cain and Nolan.  "The air was steadily getting worse,  and I was reeling from the effects of it.  "Suddenly Nolan's light went out. A  moment later Cain's was also extinguished.  " 'Both our candles are out,' groaned  Cain huskily. 'For God's sake. Holt,  see that yours stays lighted.'  "As he spoke a drop of water struck  my candle and the little blaze died away.  We were in blackness.  "With a moan one of the two men in  the darkness below me fell, and I could  hear his body suddenly strike against  the timbers at the bottom of the pit. In  a second more the other one of the two  men below me plunged down to the  bottom. We had not yet reached the  300-foot level, and they could not have  fallen 50 feet.  "I was gradually growing more faint.  Somehow I managed to keep hold of the  ladder, and struggled slowly up. Overhead I could hear Drewry, the tngineer  shouting if anything was wrong. 1 called back for him to come qiuckly.  "I knew that I must be near the 200-  foot level, and I reached out desperately  for something on which to stand. Only  the walls of the shaft were within touch.  Unconscious, I fell back into the dark  ness.  "By sheer luck, the water column and  the air pipe must have caught me, for  when Drewry came down he found me,  senseless, wedged in between the two.  What'happened after I fell back is all a  blank to me until I found myself awake  on the surface."���Rsssland Miner.  ALL    RELIEF    PEN I ED.  the  War Eagle the  last  raise   in  hip: ore chute  between the 500 and  375-foot levels has  been completed,  wis also the  raise  to the west of tin;  between the 375  Tlie   east   raise  liute, which was  At the 275-foot  On  tin.  tll(:  as  shaft in the ore body  and 250-foot levels.  opens the great ore c  met some months ago.  level, the chute shows 10 feet of 832 ore.  while at the 50o-foot level the same  chute is 32 feet wide, of which 12 feet is  $35 ore, while the rest is valued at  about 810. The electrical machinery for  the new gallows frame is being rapidly  installed and the hughmasonry foundations for the apparatus are nearly complete.  HOLT'SJ'GRAPHIO    STORY.  Two men were killed in  the Sunset  mine shaft at  Rossiand last week bv  The Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council  has rescinded the order whereby free  miners may obtain relief from forfeiture  due to the lapse of a free miners' certificate. The original order, which was  approved October 29, 1807, provided that  by making proper affidavits and remitting $5 to the minister of mines, a free  miner whose certificate had expired  could get a new license dating from the  expiration of the previous one. By this  process claims were saved from forfeiture, unless in the meantime they had  been restaked by some other fiee miner.  The new order-in-council which will uo  into effect on November 15, rescinds the  old resignation, and does away with the  possiblity of relief in case one's certificate  expires.    Will    Save    the    Fees.  the  prosecutions at  irenerallv looked  The conduct of  the court of assize is  upon as a plum for some lawyer or another and a good deal of interest has  been manifested in legal circles as to  who would get the appointment from  the new Provincial Government at the  fall assizes here. Several well-known  legal lights were anxiously waiting  for the direction to arrive, but Thursday  morning an announcement was made  which has upset their calculations.  Attorney-General Martin will conduct  the prosecutions, not only here but at  New Westminster. This will save the  Province a considerable sum in counsel  fees ���Province. THE LEDGE, NEWr DJ^JS'VER, B.C., NOVEMBER 30, 1898.  Sixth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor iand Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ���?' .75  Sli " 1.25  Twelve  "    -".00  Three tears  5.oo  Transient Advertising:, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Cjrrespondenee from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable! Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Ahvays send something- good  no matter how crude. Get your copj* in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest,  A pencil cross m this square  indicates that your. subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  THURSDAY-, NOVEMBER 10. 1898.  The owners of claims on Silver  mountain at New Denver feel certain  that with development this mountain  will be one of, if not the richest in  the entire Slocan country. Such a  hill should make New Denver one of  the leading mining camps of America. In fact, we still think that he-  sides being the Lucerne ot America,  it will also be the Helena of Canada,  to say nothing of a third Butte.  .STLVHR-LISAI)    --KomiCTs.  Prominent Government men are  satisfied   that  silver-lead   and  lead  products will be. commodities which  will, be taken into consideration in a  reciprocity treaty,   if one be entered  into between   the  United States and  Canada.    It is also understood that lino treaty lie arrived at that tlie Dominion Government, in order to give  British Columbia the protection it is  entitled under the present.protective  policy of the Government,   will increase the import duties on lead products, -'or   place   them the same as  those which apply on silver-lead and  products entering the United States.  This is one ofthe alternatives propos*  ed by Mr. Hugh Sutherland  which  should be  adopted  if the lead producers of this Province are to receive  fair treatment.    It is understood that  the Government is in  full possession  of the facts bearing on the matter and  that the subject has already been before the Quebec conference for consideration.    At the  present time the  producers of silver-lead and lead ores  in this Province labor under great  disabilities which should not be theirs.  If the remedy lay in their own hands  it would be very easy to apply it, but  it does not.   It is a question of legislation and every one knows that the  Canadian  Government ha?, hesitated  to adopt any  policy which could be  construed  into  retaliation or exclusion.   Such are contrary to British  ethics in the administration of public  affairs.    The   Nelson   Miner   thinks  that if our  American friends would  see that it  would  not   put them at a  disadvantage but would ensure them  larger trade, they  would amend the  customs duties applying to silver-lead  and lead ore,   but unfortunately the  government  at Washington  is constrained to consider public opinion in  western mining states, and that opinion   is decidedly against   what are  called "concessions to Canada.''  last session after a hard fought battle  and since that time the Corbin interests have passed into the hands ofthe  Great Northern, and that they are  prepared to carry on the business  where Mr. Martin left off is now well  known in railway circles. At the  present time representatives of the  Great Northern, are said to be at  work in Canada paving the way for  the introduction of a measure at the  next session of Canadian house seek  ing legislative approval for the con  struction of a line into southern  British Columbia from the United  States.  The coming struggle will be all the  more interesting on account of the  fact that all the American roads  which have been fighting against the  C.P.R. in the passenger and freight  rate fights, are a Hied with the Great  Northern in this matter, and it is  said would be very glad to get in a  blow at their most feared rival.  A Spokane paper in this connection  announces that "The Great Northern  is making ready for a great struggle  with the Canadian Pacific Kail way.  The traffic of British Columbia is to  be the prize of battle. Back of the  C.P.R. will be its powerful agents in  the Dominion Government; back of  the Great Northern will be all the  great American railways which hope  to share in the gains once the grip  of the'Canadian  octopus is broken."  The dismissal of Robert Thompson  as clerk in the Recording office here,  by the Minister of Mines, has occasioned considerable surprise, as Mr.  Thompson has faithfully performed  the duties of the office for more than  two years and has served the people  well. It is to be hoped that, since  the Government has seen fit to make  a change in the office, his successor  will fill the position as faithfully as he.  BUST.  London is still attracted to South  Africa, but ere many months pass  along the capital from that great  money centre will be seeking investments in the Slocan and other parts  of Kootenay. The year 1.899, the last  of the century will witness one of the  greatest mining excitements of the  age, and British Columbia will be  the country in which it will be enacted.  Oh, tlio happy, happy dead  That in their barrows lie,  With neither night nor morning  To reckon sorrow by ;  The years go past uncounted.  Old Time to them is null :  He cannot mar their slumber.  Their cup of joy is full.  And if the grasses cover,  Or mantle of the snow,  If roses bloom above them  Or just the daisies grow.  They, sleeping deep, are heedless;  They neither care nor know,  Secure in their Nirvana,  Beyond the sting of woe.  Oh, the happy, happy dead,  Asleep with Mother Earth ;  She hath for them nepenthe  Far sweeter than our mirth,  She hath tor them forgetfulness,  The pillow of her breast,  All in the Land of Silence,  Whose other name is Rest.  And through this peaceful twilight  The ages gray shall pass,  A million times the roses,  A million times the grass,  Shall bloom and fade above them  And of them be a part,  There is but One, forever,  One universal Heart!  And therefore death is pleasant,  And therefore rest is sweet;  And therefore life a struggle,  Alone and incomplete.  Since it with seltish error  Provokes the lonesome thought  That many an endless Ego  Into the scheme is wrought.  Forgive us for our blindness,  Forgive us for our greed,  Forgive us for the folly  That makes a heart to bleed ;  Each tear we cause another  Doth drown some good in us ,  The verity of Unity  Makes pride ridiculous.  C. G. B.  are the habit of frequent tippling and  ii regular eating. The system needs  rest. It is unfair to the digestive apparatus to keep constantly heaping work  upon iv. Some men eat and drink in  such a way that their stomachs never  get a breathing spell, so to speak. In  the long run this will work great injur}*.  The digestive apparatus seems able to  adapt itself to almost anything except  irregularity. It is curious how differently we treat domestic animals in this  respect to the way we treat ourselves.  If we want our horses, or cows, our  poultry or. our dogs to be at their best,  we feed them with regularity and with  carefully selected materials. If any  get out of condition, we look to then-  food at once. When it comes to our  own diet, we disregard every law of  hygiene, and when we get but of condition, run to the physician for medicine.  It would be ��. good plan to adopt the  alleged Chinese system of employing  physicians���that is, to pay them as long  aa we are well, and to stop the payment  the moment we become sick. But what  a change this would make in the appearance of the average dining table���  that is, if we followed the physician's  advice.  Worry is the cause of a good many  unnatural deaths. Worry steals our  sleep, interferes with our appetite, unfits us for good mental work. Jew and  Gentile, Pagan and Christian, all sorts  and conditions of men would be the better if they would lay to heart the saying: "Suflicient unto the day is the  evil thereof.,' Hundreds of people drag  up, to reinforce the evils of to-day, all  the troop of real evils that have gone  before during the last twelvemonth, and  all the shadowy troop of imaginary evils  that they see coming in the future.  Half, and perhaps more, of the greatest  troubles we suffer from are those that  never happen..  Dr. Hill has done well to direct attention to the number of unnatural deaths,  and especially in giving us so 'excellent  a term. It will set people thinking and  lead some at least, to avoid the causes  which lead lo such results. 'We.will ail  die soon enough, no matter how good  care we take of ourselves. There is no  need in giving the grim enemy any advantage by abusing the machinery with  which we keep our existence go.  Wliy There arc so Many Masons.  Here is an essay on King Solomon and  the origin of Masonry, published in the  Fargo Forum : " King Solomon was a  man who lived ever so many years ago,  and in the country that he governed he-  was the whole push. He was an . awful  wise man and one day two women came  to him each holding onto a leg of a baby  and nearly pulling it in two, and both  claiming it. And King Solomon wasn't  feeling right good and said: 'Why  couldn't the brat have been twins and  stopped all this bother.' And he called  for his sword and was going to chop the  little baby in two and give each of them  a piece of it, when the one who was the  mother of the baby said: 'Stop, Solomon, stay thy hand. Let that hag havei  it. If I can't have a whole baby I don't j  want any.' Then KingSolomon told her.  to take the baby and go home and wash  its face for he knew it was hers. He  told the other woman to go chase herself.  King Solomon built. King Solomon's  temple and was the father of all the  Masons. He had 700 wives and 300 lady  friends, and that is why there are so  many Masons in the world. Papa says  King Solomon was a warm member, and  I think he was hot stuff myself. That's  all I know about King Solomon."  auric of Mofltreal.  Established 1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits..':   :     896,850.04  'HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona a.id Mount Roval, G.C.M.G-. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager:  a^-wi<M'B"<st^��"*''*r^-^xa,'*^����'Tar'*ag^  BABKIS   IS   WIUIN".  Never fought fer pensions, hut ef pensions conic  along  I bet you that. I'll never say  this gover'mcrit is  'wrong.  We give unto tliefightin' just the host wehad to  give.  An'now when all is over���well, a feller's got to  live.  Never fought fer pensions,   hut of pensions thar  in ust be  1 jest don't keer how big a one the gover'nient  gives to nie !  Ain't braggin' 'bout our iiglstin'���give all we had  ���-to give���  But   now  when all   is over���well, a  feller's got  to live !   ��� .  . ���Atliiulii Constitution.  The were spooning' in. the orchard:  .she was romantic and lilled to overflowing with ecst-u-.y o,l: love, says an  'exchange' But lie, prosiac brute, saw  and felt naught but the realistic ''All  nature is in sympathy with lovers; even  the apple trees are sighiim*," she saitl. I  ''So would you if you were, as full of  green apples as those trees are," he replied.  C. S. RASHDALL.  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  and BONDED.       CORRESPONDENCE'   INVITED���  Abstracls of Title to .mineral claims.  ���tZZS^JZSZS^ftWmi^  We do what we advertise to do.  UXN A T V RAI.   HEAT [IS.  A    GKEA'l'    l"M*IIT    on.  ix spite of the (act that the C.P.R.  now has  virtually   a  corner  on  the  freight and   passenger traffic of the  Kootenays, it is not probable that the  great Canadian  corporation   will always be so fortunate.     The Montreal  Star is in a position  to state that tlie  oflieials of the Canadian  Pacific Railway will soon have one of the biggest  lights   of   their   existence   on   their  hands, and it   is  understood  that  at  . this early date steps are being taken  to get things in shape  for the battle  which  is  soon   to   begin    with   the  American railroad  interests,  headed  by the Great Northern railway, over  an entrance into British Columbia, to  compete   with   the Canadian   Pacific  Kail wav.    The   American roads profess to know that the  C.P.R. authorities fear tlie  outcome ofthe fight on  account of the vast  amount of capital j from  cows afliicted   with  tuberculosis,  which is said to be behind   the inove|aml said  that about one-third   of the!  cows   m   the.  country   are afflicted with  on the  part of the Great  Northern. I this disease,  hut he added  that there!  At Ottawa it will be  the Corbin fight i was  no more danger in a boiled bacillus]  ,.,     . - ���^���   ������,��� , 1,.    ...   0 j than in a boiled lion and  thati therefore :  of last session over again,  mil.*,   on a | h wa8 Q ct health from thig  much larger scale. < ,!���,,��������� !  "Unnatural death " is the happily  chosen term which Dr. Hill, of Cambridge, applies to the taking off of a  very large portion of the population. In  a paper read before the British Sani-  tars Institute, he said that, in round  numbers a million babies are born annually in England and Wales. Of these  30,000 die violent deaths from accident,  30,000 more unnecessarily from tuberculosis, and 120,000 more from absolutely preventable causes, such as smallpox,  measles and scarlet fever. He added  that nearly one-quarter of all the diseases  which destroy life are preventable.  Deaths from accident, from preventable  diseases and from carelessness in living,  Dr. Hill calls unnatural.  One of the great points urged by Dr.  Mill is that people eat too much and too  fast. The latter he seems to think the  more serious fault of the two, for while  he says nothing much about limiting the  diet, he very strongly recommends interspersing the serious business of eating  with pleasant conversation, and he  seems to think that if the talk be frivolous it is all the better. Doubtless many  people are committing slow suicide at  the table. They eat what they ought  not to, eat it as they should not, and  often eat too much. Too much heavy  food is eaten, and too little of the oppo-]  site kind. The use of fruit upon the  table is growing, and with manifest advantage. In these days, when we are  told so much about bacilli and other terrible things, and hardly dare to take a  drink of water for fear that we may be  swallowing a whole microscopic menagerie, it is pleasant to be told that in  fruit we can get most of the moisture  which the boby craves, and get it, free  from germs of any kind. Perhaps this  idea will be upset after a little by someone who will rind all manner of dangers  lurking in the rosy apple or the blushing  grape, but in the meantime it appears  reasonably safe to eat ripe fruit. Dr.  Mill  spoke of  the  dangers   from   milk  Back  Again!  It is qiiitc a long lime since  we hart a talk with you before, but we have had our  throat well greased, and  here we are.  NELSON,  RUGGIST. NEW DENVER.  You don't.have  to live in New  Denver to enjoy  the privilege of  buying from me  as I am an old  hand at filling  mail orders.  We have been asked the question:  ������ Why do we so persistently   advertise  when business generally is so "quiet."  We answer���  BECAUSE IT PAYS.  Week after week we endeavor to impre-s  u��on' YOU that we mean to do business  with YOU-  BECAUSE IT.P  YOU nitty not need anythirg in our line  just now. but you will sonic day, and  when you do we" know you will order us  to tit tip your home for you���  BECAUSE IT PAYS.  We therefore are anxious to keep before  vou the merits of our business. If we  had nothing ol merit to offer you, we  would not advertise: but. knowing that  we have much that would add to the  eoinfori of any home, we en joy.telling  you about, it���'  BECA USE IT PA YS.  This ivi'ij'.i we would again impress upon  you thai our wool: and mixed niaUres.-es  . iire the boss protectors theseCold nights,  and that if those you have arc tlihi and  bard iu soots, and nerd repairing you  should order us to tix ?eiu���  BECAUSE IT PAYS.  WALKER & BAKER,-  X��w    l'*iii-nitur��; Dealers and  Kepairers  Denver's     Undertakers ;ni��l  Knibaliners.  XV B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Kmlmlmor doing business in the Slocan.  H. T. BRAG DON.  w~t.in.v .-,- n t e-T .-CWV7.'  nv�����T-.i��i*^��a.-7^-��ri*n.-^��weaLT(nCTKrT^ <.tw�� jmn.xioarm xtkcmxe: k  New Denver, B.C,  Heavy and Shelf Hardware  .Mine and "Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings.  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  .1 carry one of the largest  'aii(I best .assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote,  prices upon anything required  u my line.  HMiiHa^Hti'-iiamBBasraHniHSMa^^  OTEL SANDON,  ^K     ^A     7^     ^     7j\     7ft  Sandon, B.C.  'THIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  VV. S. Dili; WHY  Kaslo. B.C.  Tlie  C.P.R.   came  out;  successful j'   Among the causes of unnatural death ] orders.    We are'printing now.  Sandon.  Hnsample accommodations for a large number of people.     The rooms are. large  and airy, and tbe Dining  Room is provided with everything;  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buck!e3', Prop.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  a. pleasant place ro slop at when in  SLcan City.  GETMING & IlENnKl'SOK. Proprietors.  TO LETTER-WRITERS  11. T.Twuic;  New Denver. B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and I'roviue.ia.l Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Emiincei's.  I led ford. McNeil Code.  /ti-'Rashdall & I'ainpiier, Agents.  K. A. S. MAPS      . ..L.  Dentist.  Kaslo, I* ('  Gradual!-of American College of Denial Surgery  Chicago   /"' WILLIM & JOHNSON.  1 J (Mcl'iin  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  loca ii  City.  l-i <  WANTED.  nduslrious man of  character to travel and���up-  loint atrents.    Salary and expenses paid.  "KADLEV-GMiRfcTSON COMPANY,Limited  Toronto.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  Call and see sample and leave your | '/g*\~'   "-"=*:  [jOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M. Loudon, Kng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.  & ASSAYER.  l'ro|K'rties   examined    and    reported  mi   i...'   in  tending purchasers.  Assay ollice. and  Chemical   La born lory.  I'clle  viic ave. New Denver. IU'.  Ill" Postal Authoril  advice to all who  write lulturs is to have  the name and address?'  of the writer printed  upon the envelope.  This saves time and  prevents letters going  to the Dead Letter  Ollice. In order to  help out tho public in  this i mpjrlanl matter  we will print your name and address upon loo No. 7 while envelopes and mail them to'any part  of Caniida upon receipt'of  75 CENTS.  Till-; LEDGE.  New Denver.  ][L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  I"*    G.  FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks,  E. 0, Weaver  WANTED.  Intelligent men with good education who wont  lo better their positions and would be coptenfc for  a year with slioo and expenses; write with description and occupation, and I will make a proposition. Write today, as I am.in a hurry.'  THE MANAGER,.  Cor. Bay and Richmond Sts.. Toronto, Sixth Yeab.  THE' LEDttE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 10. 18&8.  Ii'  ALASKA.  Six sleeps in a sleeper from Montreal  And a moon or so from the end of the line,  And you stand at the foot of the great white  wall-  That is. white witli the .snows that fall and fall  O'er the cedar dwarfed and the drooping pine  That grow at the feet of Alaska.  Old and wrinkled and cold and gray,  With her white   pall pulled  o'er  her rstony  breast,  Frowning and frigid and far away,  She has ever stood, as she stands to-day,  In the desolate wastes of the wide northwest-  Stands this hoary old woman, Alaska.  Unmolested for thousands of years,  Isolated, remote and lone,  Her hard face glacial with frozen tears,  While over her shoulders and in her ears  The winds of the north land wail and moan  In the ears of old Mother Alaska.  A party of-prospectors passed that way,  And they thought the old face had forgotten its  frown,  And, pausing, they pulled her. white robe away  And found her treasure.   "Ah; q'est que c'est ?"  Said the French Canadian, kneeling down  At the feet of old Mother Alaska.  They told their story, and men went wild  And pawned their chattels and joined the race.  The old croon jingled her gold and smiled,  And the gold mad men of the world beguiled  With a promise of fortune in that far-away place  At the feet of old Mother Alaska.  But, oh, the rivers are wide and deep,  And the north wind breathes with a killing  breath.  And over the mountains, so rough and steep,  The old dread reaper shall eome and reap���  The grim old reaper that men call death  Shall reap the white fields of Alaska !  ���Cy Warman in New York Sun.  AN'   AITAKITrON.  The burglar entered. He narefiilly  reconnoitred, then rose und walked  lightly but boldly to the bed. The gas  was burning dimly, revealing in tlie lace-  draped couch a 1'our-year-old child. Her  face was (lushed and a frown of pain Was  on her white forehead.  '.'Kid looks bad,".commented Brickey,  looking down a moment on the pretty  picture. " Nurse skipped to make a  'night of it and locked the kid in to get  along all by herself alone. Blessed if  she ain't put the lamb to bed with that  cold, shiney necklace a-chockin1 her.  She shan't ,be choked, no,   sheshant!"  Stooping, the benevolent visitor loos  ened the slender coral chain deftly from  the dimpled neck.  '���'Brickey.-brac! brickey-brac!'' he  ���muttered. "*Too much ! Piles of money  spent on trash that ain't worth .curryin*  off, an' the town full of suffering burglars. It's a shame.' Hell!''  ,. He turned quickly at a queer sound  from the bed. One brassy cough told  tlie story.  "The duce! The young one's got tlie  croup!- An' she'll choke in a jiffy. I'd  like to have that nurse by the back of  the neck for a minute! Goin' off and  leaving   a    sick   kid   like  that with a  of the heart's action, says the Youth's  Companion.  The most common causes of false  heart disease are dyspepsia, nervous  prostration and excessive smoking".  It is often difficult to persuade the  supposed sufferer from heart disease  that the stomach is the offending* org-an.  There may be no other dyspeptic symptoms, and it seems absurd to argue that  one organ can be diseased without any  symptoms, while another presents  symptoms without being" diseased.  Furthermore, some [people feel a little  consolatory pride in having1 a heart  affection, and do not like their diag-nosis  to be brushed aside and their trouble  referred to the unromantic stomach.  Such an unbeliever should credit his  doctor with g-ood intentions, at least,  and give his treatment a fair trial, when  he will probably find that **his faith has  made him whole, and his heart disease  will disappear as his digestion improves.  - One fairly distinctive difference between functional and organic heart  disease is that the symptoms���the palpitation, the irregular pulse and the  consciousness of the heart's action���are  persistent in cases of organic disease,  but uncertain and of varying intensity  in cases of functional difficulty.  A regularly irregular pulse, for example, is 'more apt to belong to real  disease of the heart; yet this is not an  infallible rule, for the cause of the functional disturbance���excessive smoking,  for instance���may be so constantly  active that the functional disturbance is  allowed no.recess.  The anxiety aroused by the supposed  presence of heart disease and the consequent foreboding of sudden death  have a very natural tendency also to  intensify and make, permanent the disquieting-symptoms.  The safest and wisest course for one  who thinks he has heart disease is to  seek the opinion and abide by tlie advice of a skillful 'physician. Self-  diagnosis and . consequent worry are  worst! titan useless.'  SOME   QtTJEER   EPITAPHS.  One Mrs. Shute gave occasion, we are  told, for the following:  Here lias, cut down like unripe fruit,  The wife of Deacon Amos Shute;  She died of drinking too much coffee,  Anny Dominy eighteen forty.  James Wyatt of course took no part  in the concoction of this effusion :  At rest beneath this churchyard stone  Lies stingy Jemmy Wyatt;  He died one morning just at ten,  And saved a dinner by it.  The occupation of a dyer has suggest-  many epitaphs of an obvious character,  such as :  He dyed to live, alived to dye.  Also :  He died himself, and dyed no more.  So many jokes were fired off at the  late Sir William Curtis���an alderman  distinguished for defective education  and bad grammar���that we need not  feel surprised at an epitaph couched  thus :  Here lies William Curtis.  Our late Lord Mayor,  .   Who has left this here world,  And gone to that there.  A useful hint is wrapped up in the following:  Died of thin shoes, January 183''.  A    New    Uk��:    For   Toads.  ITKilI'S    OF   ODDITY.  burglar. Burglars ain't no trained  nurses!"  The child breathed easier for a minute.  "That's the ticket! Maybe she'll pull  through. But it's gettin' early. What's  this?"  A fine old oil painting hung on the  wall. It was a.very precise, very stiff,  very aristocratic elderly woman in a  coal-scuttle bonnet and everything about  her suggestive of rigid respectability.  On the corner of the picture frame hung  that same bonnet, yellow with age.  "Family relic," said Brickey, giving  way to his humor, and detaching the  bonnet from its peg he placed it on his  own head. "If the boys could see me  now!"  Another brassy, ringing cough from  the bed drew Brickey's attention from  millinery.  "Something ought to be done," he  muttered anxiously. "Somebody ought  to be called. The kid's chokin' to death."  It is probable, that the child would  have perished, unaided by the physicians,  but for a sudden idea that visited  Brickey's brain just then and caused  him to double up with laughter.  Across the bed was a dainty coverlet  of fairy white lace. With the bonnet  still on h\i head, Brickey draped this  around his greasy clothes from neck to  heels. Passing softly into the passage,  he looked around a minute, then tried a  door on the opposite side.  "Locked tight and right acrost from  the darlin's. This is the parent's room,  I'll bet," was Brickey's reflection as his  skeleton key opened the lock. The dim  light from a dying lire revealed on the  bed a woman with much the same respectable features as the picture in the  child ".room. A gentle snore arose from  her thin and correct nose as the ghostly  figure glided across the room. It took a  brief look at the dressing-table, made a  mysterious pass over a heavy jewel case;  then turned toward tlie bed.  But let Mrs. Hopkins tell the. rest just  as she has told it to her wondering  friends scores of times, and just as she  wrote it up for the Society of Mythical  Researches soon alter:  "1 had been sleeping. I was awakened by the distinct impression of a cold  hand in contact with my brow. 1 started;I opened my eyes. Before me, distinctly visible in the wanescent light,  stood my deceased mother, .Belvidere  Prosperina Dowall, in her habit as she  lived. The same bonnet, even, in which  her picture was taken over 50 years ago"  ���here the bonnet was passed around  and viewed with awe. "Amisty aureole  seemed to surround her form. 1 sprang  upright. She seemed to recede. She  looked down at me sadly, warningly and  waved her hand! '(.Jo to your child!'  she said. '(-Jo to your child !' Then she  seemed to fade away through ihe door,  which 1 positively recall having locked  when 1 retired. I seemed impelled to  follow. I was irresistibly drawn to my  daughter's room. There 1 found the  reason for this remarkable manifestation The nurse had slipped away. My  i child was writhing in the convulsions of  croup, and, but for my mother's timely  appearance, she would have died."  An American man  creed was:  once said that his  hows   vou*:   H���:.*.-*'���'  lar greater  >y supposed  it is safe to say  that a  amount of misery is caused  heart trouble than by actual disease, ol:  that  organ.    This  is  due  in   the  Iirst  place to the  fact  that  supposed  heart  troubles, functional troubles as they are  called, are much  more  numerous than  the real, the organic  disease;  and   iu  the second  place  to the  fact that  true  heart'disease shows itself with comparative infrequency.   by  symptoms which  the patient himself can.discover,wl.iere-  Jkas the palpitations, the .thumping'in the  chest and the sound of surging lilood in  jthe ears, or  the noise  of the  labored  j pumping, are the common expressions  ,,-if a nervous or  functional   disturbance  I\  Early to lied, early to rise,  Never get; tight, and���advertise.  The Anglo-Saxon has believed in- this  dic'um ever since the first newspaper.  Some early advertisements are curious  enough.    Mere is one of K'('4 :  "Without Bishopgate, near Hog Lane,  over against the Watch House, liveth one  Jacob Summers, a weaver, who maketh  and selleth town velvets at reasonable  rates."  Another of the same date shows that  we had not yet gone to Hamburg and  Vichy, but were content v.ith home productions.  "At the Angel and Sun in the Strand,  near Strand Bridge, is to be sold every  day fresh Epsum water, Barnet water,  Epsum ale and spruce beer."  [ Apollinaris and the water companies  were not yet existing.  Here is an early side-show:  "At the Miter, near the west end of  St. Paul's, is to be seen a rare collection  of curiosityes, much resorted to and admired by persona, of great learning and  quality; amongst which a choyce Egyptian mummy, with hieroglyphics, the  Ant-Beare of Brazil, a Remora, a Torpedo, the huge Thigh-bone of a Gyant, a  Moon Fish, a Tropic Bird, &c."  The quack doctors were early on the  field:  "The much-approved necklaces of  Joynts of the great traveller J. C, which  absolutely eases children in breeding  teeth, by cutting them, and thereby preventing "leavers, convulsions, etc., are  sold by T. Bgrrell, at the Golden Ball,  under St. Dunstan's church, in Fleet-st."  Whether they were the traveler's own  joints, used as relics, we are not informed.  And bow is this for undertakers ?  "At tbe sign of the Golden Ball and  Collin, a coffin-maker's shop at the upper  end of the Old Change, near Cheapside,  there are read}' made, to be sold, very  fashionable laced and plain dressings for  the dead of all sizes, with very fashionable cofiins that will secure any corpse  above ground without any ill scent or  other annoyance as long as shall be required."  And here is actually a soap advertisement which beats tbe record, even of  Pearnolia:  "William Delaval, at the sign of the  Angel and Stilliards,' in St. Anne's Lane,  near Aldersgate, London, inaketh  Castile, marble and white sope, as good  as any man sells; tiyed, proved and sold  at very reasonable rates."  There are plenty of "Losts" and  "Stolens." Here is ii pretty specimen:  "Lost, upon the .13th inst., a little  blackamoor boy in a blew livery, about  10 years old, his hair is not much curled,  with a silver collar about his neck, inscribed 'Mrs. Manhy's blackamoor, in  Warwick Lane,' Whoever shall give  notice of him to Mrs. Manby. living in  the said lane, or to the Three Cranes,'  in Paternoster Row, shall be well rewarded for his paynes."  Here is a notice of a hundred years  ago  "For nervous, bilious, consumptive  and relaxed constitutions, Dr. Solander's  Sanative English Tea is universally  recommended ai d approved by the most  eminent physicians in preference to foreign tea as the most pleasing and powerful restorative in all nervous disorders  hitherto discovered. Our Iirst ailment  at breakfast being designed to recruit  the waste of the day from the night's  insensible perspiration, an enquiry is  important whether India Tea, so generally allowed to unnerve, is adequate to  such a purpose," etc., etc.  ilow like that we see in our daily  papers now  The latest and most ingenious, .way of  getting rid of roaches and water bugs we  have heard of is related of a citizens of  Schenectady whose kitchen was infested  with them.,,;  A servant, hearing that toads were an  antidote, caught three ordinary hop  toads and put them in the kitchen. Not  a roach or water bug, it is stateel can  now be found in the house. The toads  have become'domesticated, never wander  about the bouse, and are so cleanly and  inoffensive that there is no objection to  their presence.  Another use for toads is to employ  them for insect destroyers in the garden.  They are determined enemies of all  all kinds of snails and slugs, which it is  well-known can in a single night destroy  a vast quantity of lettuce, carrots, asparagus, etc. Toads are also kept in vineyards, where they devour during the  night millions of insects that escape the  pursuit of nocturnal birds, and might  commit incalculable havoc on the buds  and young shoots of the vine. In Paris  toads are an article of merchandize.  They are kept in tubs and sold at the  nite of two francs a dozen.���Hampshire.  Gazette.   A witty nobleman once asked a clerical gentleman at the bottom of the  table, why the goose, when there was  one, was' always placed next to the  parson. "Really, my lord,' said the  clergymen, "your question is somewhat  difficult to answer, and so remarkably  odd, that I vow I shall never see a  soose again without being reminded of  your lordship."  It never rains between the first and  second cataracts of the Nile.  Home    Circle    Charity.  Criticism in the home is a dangerous  thing, says the Philadelphia Inquirer.  There will < never be any record ofthe  lives of the men and women that might  have been great.  There is a way, I know, that the world  at large has of thinking that genius will  bud and grow and nourish in spite of environment and discouragement, but the  born genius is usually afflicted with a  tender heard and soul that shrink from  unkind criticism. Why, 1 here are children of one family, many and many a  time, who actually shrink from one another because of the dread of criticism.  The ideal family is one that knows  nothing but loyalty to each member that  composes it. If there are little fads and  foibles the world is not told of them, and  nobody ever guesses that that family is  not really the perfectly harmonious one  that it always seems.  Without gossip and criticism the world  of men and women would be a happier  place, even as happy as it is to-day, when  more men and women are adopting the  motto of charitableness toward all than  ever before.  very much opposed by several members, he being barely of legal age.  Some urg-ed that he had not yet sown  his wildoats. "Perhaps not," he quickly retorted; "but no doubt a good opportunity will be afforded me to sow  them in"this House, where evidently  there are plenty of geese to pick them  up." The petulance of youth was here  most forciblv exhibited.'  o  ANAD1AN  P  ACIFIC  R  AILWAV  AND SOO-PACIFIC LINE.  Hard    to   Find.  Horse* and Mules in .Trousers.  George Finn ay, an express wagon  driver, has clothed his mules' forelegs in  trousers. In speaking of it he said that  flies bothered the forelegs of four-footed  animals more than they did the hind  limbs, and he, the. efore, having some  respect for the comfort of his fathful  servants, had made a pair of trousers to  protect them from the pests. The trousers were supported by suspenders passed  up over the backs of the animals.  It is related of Lord Falkland, that in  1()58, under the Commonwealth, his admission to the House of Commons was  The Klondyke Nugget, one of the  two papers published at Dawson City,  is having a great deal of trouble finding-  its town subscribers, who pay $24 a  year for the privilege of getting a semi-  weekly edition. A paragraph in a  recent issue explains the difficulty by  saying that it is very hard to find some  of "the houses according to the addresses  left at the office. Amon��' those mentioned were: "The cabin -with the  screen door;" "the slab house facing the  river;" "the big tent with two stove  pipes," and "The cabin three doors  south of where all the dogs are."  [SHORTEST  |        AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  TO ALL  EASTERN  AND  EUROPEAN I'OINTS.  TO 1'ACIFIC COAST,  ALASKA,  JAPAN,  CHINA  AND  AUSTRALIA POINTS.  TOURIST  CARS  Through tickets issued- and Baggage checked  to destination.  PASS REVELSTOKE  DAILY TO ST. PAUL.  DAILY (except Wednesday)  TO EASTERN CANADIAN  AND U. S. POINTS.  CONNECTIONS  Revelstoke and main line points.  8:45kDaily: lv���Denver C. Siding���ar: Daily 15 50k  8:35k ex.S'undlv N. Denver Ld��: arex.Sun.lG-OOk  NELSON, TRAIL, HOS6LAND, ETC.  D:50k ex. Sun: lv N. Denver Ldg: arex.Sun 14.00k  Women iu the Collci-les.  The number of females working at  mines in England is decreasing gradually. At colleries their employment  consists principally' in "banking the  tubs," i.e., drawing mine wagons from  the cages, running these wagons to  the weighing 'machines, screens, and  tips; greasing the wagons, cleaning  safety lamps, picking out any waste  rock from the coal, or separating iron  stone from shale, attending to offices,  and acting as messengers.  In the case of ore nii'ne.s they are employed for' picking, breaking with hammers, and attending to ore-washing  machinery appliances The work is in  all cases healths*.  Ascertain rales and full  information   by addressing nearest local agent or���  , G.B.GARRETT, Agent New Denver.  W. F. Anderson, Trav. Pass. Agt.. Nelson.  E. J. Coyle, Dist. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  jKff'&.ll sensible people travel via O. P. Ry and  Soo line.  r  Okanagan Lake,  P   O. BRUCE'S LANDING  For the convenience ofthe trade a stock is ahvays kept on hand in the  Jelland Building, SANDON. Mines supplied at wholesale rates. Cars  loaded with Produce, Fruits and Vegetables are ran into the Slocan every  TEN DAYS, and orders can be delivered en route.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  United Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of W est  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjacent to the Echo and Sunlight. Mineral  claims at the head of Jackson Basin.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, George Alexander, free  I miner's certificate No. 7-1,000, as agent for the  Echo Mining and Milling Co., Ltd., free miner's  certilieate No. 11,!)(I1A, intend sixty days from  the date hereof to apply to the'Mining Recorder  for a certificate of improvements for the purpose  of obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must bo commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this -.'Stli day of October, 1S08.  nv3 GEOR&E ALEXANI ER, Agent.  Nancy Hanks No. 2   Mineral Claim.  Situate in   the Slocan City Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.   Where located:  On  north slope of Springer Creek, about 21- miles  Iroiii Slocan Lake.  -PAKE NOTICE that I, Alfred  Driscoll, acting  X    as ,-i.gent for Ii. E. Graves, F. M. C. No. .O-K'Ma",  Kate Scott. E.M.C. No. 418H1, W. B. Deimisoii, F.  M. C.'No. (ilOA, and Frederick Rowbortom. F. M.  C. No. I129A. intend, sixty  days  from the date  hereof,     to     apply     to     the      Mining    Recorder for a certilieate of improvements for  tlie purpose of obtaining a crown gran'- of tho  above claim.  And further take notice that action under section ,'17 must be. commenced before the issuance  of such certilieate of improvements.  Dated this 21st dav of October, ISDN. oci'7  (Juobei;    Mineral    Claim.  4  t  4  4  4  4  4  ."��? Palace Gafe,  ifi SKU&OH  ���*S>*S>*��>iS*<S>^E'*--  f     Eastern  Ctyster-',   Tender  �� Chickens   and    everything  4  4 the   Market   affords in  the  wav of delicious and.  palatable food can be found  rTt,-PalaGe  4    Strangers and others are  4    . ~  4 requested to call on us when  a hunger torments their inter-  ? nal anatomy-    If John is not  4 on shift you are sure to find  Situated in the Slocan City Mining Division of  \\'ust. Kooienny District. Where .located:  About two miles up the North Fork of Lemon Creek on north side, of creek.  'PAKE NO'ITCE that i, Dan Hnnlon, actinias  1 un agent lor William Harrison, free miner's  certificate No.-"UH-ITA, intend sixty days from (.lie  date hereof. , to apply to" tlie .Mining  Recorder (ur a certificate of improvements  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown Grant of  the above claim.  And further take notic.o that action under  Section ;;7 must be commenced heloi-e the issuance of such certilieate of improvements.  Dated this :Mtli day of September, lsys.  spi'li DAN HAXLON.  4  i  Charley .  Is the  ���   ��  Best-equipped  Restaurant  in the Slocan  t  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  4  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  of cars between Nelson and Rossiand  and Spokane and Rossiand.  Direct Route to the   Mineral District of the Col-  villo 'Reservation,   Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  DAILY   SERVICE.  Lkavk.  6:20 a. m  12:05 "  8:30 a.m.  AliHlVK  NELSON 5:35 p.m  ROSSLAND 11:20a. m  SPOKANE      3:10 p.m  Train leaving Nelson at 8::*:i a. in. make close.,  connections at'Spokane witli trains for all    w  Pacific Coast Points.  Close connection with Steamers for Ka.sIo antf  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  Kiver and Boundary  Creek connect, at Marcus with stage daily.  C. G.DIXON, Spokane, Wash  INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION  & TRADINCCO.,  LTD.  Summer Time Card effective June 20, 1808.  Subject to change without notice.  It never Closes  and the proprietors aim  to please their patrons  in  every  wav possible.  4  4  4  4  Millard & Thompson.  SS.   INTERNATIONAL.  South Bound North Bound  Read down. Read up.  SANDON  Train lvs Dally, l.Oti pm   Train ar daily 10.50 am  KASLO  ,;   ar      ���'      3.-15 pm   Train lv   ''      8.00 am  OBoat lv ;j.3() am    ���Kaslo���    Boat ar 8.30 pm��  4.30 am   Ainsworth  vf      "     5.00 am    Pilot Bay  o       "     .").30 am      Balfour  jJBoat arG.40 am. Five Mile I"t  7.15 am      Nelson  7.30 pm  ii.45 pm *?  02  0.10 pm"'  5.23 pm ��  " lv 4.15 pm"  c'Trainar 10.05 am Northport Train lvl.fio pm>��  liaOani  Rossiand "    12.05 pnr5  3 10 pm    Spokane  S.30 amfl  SS. ALBERTA.  Read down. Read up..  Sandon  Daily train lv l.oo pm        Daily train ar 10.50 am  Kaslo  -1- ar 3.45 pm ���'        lv  S.00 am  .jj   Boat lv 5.00 pm Mo&T Boat ar l.oo pm:  oj-g       "   (1.20pm Ainsworth Boat ar 11.40 pm_.  ~x        '   7.00pm   Pilot Bay        "      11 no pm3  jn '��� 10.00pm Kuskonook      "       S.00 pm:"'  " 12.00pm Gnat River       "        (i.00 pm^  '���2 '*    1.00 am  Boundary        '-        5.00 pm>,  j5    " ar ,1.00 am Bonner's F'ry '    Iv 2.1)0 purs  >-./"Train lv 11.10 am      "       Train ar 1.15 pm3  "       '���     ar 2.45 pm Spokane      "     lv  7.50 amcc  SPECIAL KOOTENAV LAKE SERVICE.  Commencing Juno 20, lSflS.  On Monday, Thursday aud Fridnv ss Alberta,  will leave Kaslo 5 p. m."for Ainsworth, Pilot Bay,  and Nelson. Leaving Nelson at S a. in., Tuesday, Friday and Saturday, calling at Pilot Bay,  Ainsworth and Kaslo, an*d all way points.  G-EOI'GE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  P. O. Box 122. Kaslo, B.C.  is -SlS'V. bi'*4'fatfJitas! SJ       a    itt& a <tatf*"  I'uni i nimi,  I'Vlix  S(. K��;vernc, O. J!. H., I*x<'l.<t,  and     I'n.viH-    Ft-.-icl ional  Mineral    (Maims.  . I  The    lle'.ort   in     Kind.  Down the. post office, steps tin: llev  Dr. IVtiily carefully picked his way,  ���mil then his I'eet suddenly shot out and  he went down riirht in the midst o.f a  I-Toup of stock brokers. "Ah, g-ood  nioniiiio-, doctor.:' lau^-hed the stock  brokers, reeognixhvj; the minister.  "Vou remind us of tlio -wicked man,  whose fool slippeth." "Nay," retorted  the good minister, "but Vat her do I  seem like the ui.-in who went down to  .Jericho.' vFlow is.that:-'" chorused the  tlie brokers. "Because he fell anion"-  thieves," murmured the doctor, as he  "���ot it]) and inpyerl decorously away.  F. Fyinan has again commenced to do  business in New, Denver. Bring your  watches to him- when tlioy are out of  order.  Situate in the Slocan Mininit Division of West  Kootenay   District.    Where   located:     ( hi  P.'ivnc mountain, mi tin.' north slope.  ���PAKE  NOTICE    That,   I.   Charles   Moore,   of  1     Kaslo. IS. ('.. and iii-ting as agent  for the St.  Kex-ci-iie .Miniuu' Company,   Ltd.,  free  miner's  eertilicale     No.    12,l.'iOA. 'intend,    sixty    days  from the date hereof   to apply to tlie'.Miuini;  Recorder    for    u     certiticnte     of      improvements lor the purpo.so_of olitjiiniiif,-:i   Oown  Grant ofthe uhove claims.  And further take  notice  that action Under  Section ."7 must  he  commenced   I,efore the issuance of.such certificate of improvements.  Hated this 51 !i dav of Seplcinher. lSiis.  CHARLES AIOORE. P.I  Aiienis for' {*>..('. ivSnirar Kofine'i-v a:i(i itoval  City Pi an in o'Mills."  .\ \ V \3s ^ ^ v- ^ \ Vi \ \ \ \ \ \ *v ��. \ \ \ \  TIME CARD  /^/%/%/%/%/��/m/^yfhm^%- s% /^/m/^m^^w/��^^  ,.!-i.  Kio .Mineral Claim  Situate in the Slocan .Mining Division of West  Kootenay   District.      Where   located:   In  Best Basin, McGuigan Creek, near Okanagan  mineral claim.  "PA KE Ni iTICE that I, William S. Drewry. uct-  1    ing as agent lor K. A.Bieh-nhcrg. free miner's  certilieate Xo. 25SH7A, Daniel CosgriIY, free miner's  ci'i'tiiicitc Xo.47(l2A and T.K.CosgrifT. free miner's  certilieate No. 47o;iA, intend sixty days from tlie  0'ale hereof to apoly to the Mining Recorder lor a  certilieate of improvements,  for the purpose of  ohtaiiiing a Crown grant of ihe ahove claim.  And_furlher take notice, that action under sec-  lion 31. must Lie commenced   hefore Ihe issuance  of such certilieate of improvements.  Hated this 27th dav ol August.. ISii.s  w. s. drew in-  Taking" effect 1.00 o'clock a. 111.  Sept. 1, 1898, Pacific or 120th Meridian time.  Subject to change without notice  Leave S .'lo A.M.    Kaslo Arrive. .'' ill) P.M  ������   s :Vi ������ Soulli Kork        "       ���'! <'.*> "  '���   !i  lo ���' Sproule's            '        :.' 10 "  - 10 00 ���' WliilewDW-                ^'Of! "  " 10 OS ���' Hear Lak;-           '         "  ,'o "  !         " 10 20 ���' McGuigan          '         1 .'If- "  :         ������ 10 ,'il ���' ���Codv .1 unction   ������       1 ^'S "  j Arr. Id 4;"' " Sandon             Leave 1 1/i "  i   , CuHV    LINK  ! Leave, ll.oo a.in ��� Sandon ��� Arrive, ll.ait n.in  ! ���'��� 11.1" " Only Junction Leave, 11.ao a.m  I Arrive, 11.2a   "     --'Pod; ������   ' ]]..'la a.m  |l,OBT. IRVING,  i Traflic Mngr.  ' GEO K COPELAND,  | Superintendent  For cheap  railroad  and steamship, tickets  tc  anil from all   points,  apply to  S.   CAMPBELL,      ' Agent, Sandon.  NOT*OK  Ol-*       A I*PLICATION  UlirOK    IJCKXSK,  KOK  XTOTICE is hereliy given that thirty days from  A 'date hereof I will apply to the Stipcndinrv  Miigistr.ile of West Kootenay for a license to sell  lii'iioral retail at my hotel in Three. Forks. WaM  Kootenay. B. (.'.  ELIZABETH    BROWN.  Three I'ork>. (n-l-.licr 27th. lStis.  MBmmtmmw^tfflai'JUKg**'  New Denver,  Mas been re-opened under new management. Tin1 Dining Room will  ahvays be up to the market, while  the bar will contain Mquors and  cigars that cannot be surpassed for  quality and flavor in the Slocan.  Old and new patrons will find this  hotel just like home.  "J AC0HS0N.it CO.  Tiro Prospectors' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  ^��/@/@/��/^@/#/��^^ ^ B/WB/^W^'^WW��' I  Assay Price List :  ' Gold, Silver, or Lead.each   Gold, Silver and.Lead, coinhincd   : Gold and Silver   ; Silver and  Lead   \ Gopper thy Electrolysis;   ��� Gold, Silver. Copper ,-,nd Lead   ; Gold and Oopper   ; Silver and Copper   ! Gold. Sih'er and Copper   : I'latinum       ; Mercury   ; Iron or Manirancse   i Liiue,7Mac;nesiiim. Barium.  Silica. Sul-  'ph'ur, each..'..- :...... .���/'.'..   . Bisinulh, Tin, Cobalt. Nickel, Antimony.  Zinc,and Arsenic, each   Coal (Fixed Carhon. Volatile Matter. Ash.  ; and pcrccntafrc of-Coke.'if Coking  [   ���    Coal, ,.,. V   ,  Terms: '.Cash "Willi Sample.  ���June'-.'oih. i*";���>.  FRANK DICK,  Assa vim- ;inil   An;  i'1.50  :i 00  2 00  2 no  2 oo  ���! 00  2 Hi  2 Hi  :i oo  ."> oo  2 (HI  2 (Id  I 00  Iv St THE LEDQE, NEW DENVER, B.C., NOVEMBER 10, 1898.  Sixth Yeae  MINING   RECORDS  The following is a complete list, of the  mining transactions recorded curing the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive;��� were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Nov 4���Formosa, Sil verton, -T E "-rouse.  Nov 7���Almond   Fraction,  Cody,   Wm    Gal-  laghan.  ���.    ASSKSSMKNTS.  Nov 1���Porpus.  Nov 2���Wellington, Oliiunhei-x, Eureka. Jay  Gould, Ruhy Fraction, Far Away.  Nov 3���Crossroads.  Nov 1- Empire, Star View  Xov a���Lost Tif.-er, Missing' Link Fractional.  CERTIFICATE   OF   IMPROVEMENTS  Nov 1���Conductor, to Win H Elson.  Lorna Doonc, to Frank Culver.  Nov 5���.Mollie Hughes. Pinto, Kinkora, Trvon,  ileal Idea No 2, to M E I'r,ngdun. Kennau Clever,  Harry Sherran and Thos Avison.  Prior, ro Frank Culver.  TKANSFEIIS.  Hobson IJ'/iM,  E  Nov.1���Iroquois ", Culm ,'S/li'.  Mowan to F ll Bonsard, July -"it.  Nov 2���Evelyn "-, Annie Hortou to Wm liiwvii-  Hartney J. I) 1.) .McGillivray lo Jas Campbell-  Oct in.  Nov S-Eureka; Jay Gould, Wellington, i m  each, Alice Trenery to L W Heieuo, Oct IU.  Xov 7���Letters of administration of effects of  Jos E McGibbon to Chas II iMcGibbon,  Marcli 1.  Nov H-Emiiiiv  Fractional   ".  S T Walker  t��  Norman D McMillan..May 17  Profeshenal .', J.C Butler to Wm Barker. Nov 7.  NICKis.ru.  Written for Mines and Minerals by  Prof. Arthur  Lukes.  A "fad" among-Kocky Mountain prospectors is the discovery or rather  fancied discovery of the somewhat rare  and somewhat mysterious metal, nickel.  The [chances of finding lit in small  quantities in certain ores and localities  seem on the whole more favorable  than of finding the much coveted tin.  Of late we 2 have frequently received,  especially from the Pacific Slope, from  Oregon, Washington, and the Kootenai  regions, samples of ipyrrhotite, a peculiar bronze, brownish form of iron  pyrites of a peculiar form of crystallization,unlike that of ordinary iron pyrite.  This pyrrhotite is one of the favorite  nickel-bearing ores, and though all  pyrrhotite does by no means carry  nickel,-some of it may, and some of the  specimens sent us of pyrrhotite have at  least a very nickeliferous look. Some  reliable information has been culled  from W. P. Blake's account in the Mineral Resources of the United States:  "Neckel, next to iron, is one of the  most universally disseminated metals.  It is found not only in all the metalliferous regions of the known world, but  also in the meteoric masses which fall  to the earth's surface from the regions  of space. Tessandier found it in the  meteoric dust falling through the atmosphere, and collected on a large  porcelain surface, and its presence in  the sun is revealed to us by the spectroscope.  Nevertheless it is only a few years  since the metal wasfirst separated from  its impurities in commercial quantities  and utilized in its pure state, without  alloy or contamination by sulphur,  arsenic or other elements with which it  is combined in a natural state. It has  never been found in a fine metallic condition.  In the United States the geographical  distribution of the ores is more general  than is commonly supposed. They  occur in moderate quantity associated  with chrome ores in the serpentine  rocks from Canada to Maryland, especially on the Pacific coast, and notably  in Oregon. Nickel is diffused throughout the magnesian rocks of the Quebec  group, and both chromium and nickel,  according to the late :.Sterry Hunt, are  present in the serpentine rocks of Green  Mountain series in the same geological  horizon as the serpentines of Canada  and Norway. The serpentines of Cornwall, the Vosges, Mount Rosa, contain  chromium and nickel and so do the  primitive schists of Norway. It is seldom absent from the serpentines, steatites, diallages and actinolites of the  Quebec group, and is found also in  associated dolomites. It is also associated with terrestial iron, a nickeliferous  limonite occurring in Lincoln county,  North Carolina, also in Michigan and in  the spathic iron of Antwerp, New York.  It exists also in the copper of the Lake  Superior region. New Mexico, Oregon,  California, and Nevada have important  localities carrying uickel. The most  abundant ore of nickel is in the firm of  a mixture with pyrrhotite or magnetic  iron pyrites occurring in the older  crystalline rocks.  This form occurs in Canada, Vermont, Connecticut, in the highlands of  the Hudson, in New Jersey, and in  Pennsylvania. It abounds at Torring-  ton and Litchfield, Connecticut, and at  Lancaster Cap, Pennsylvania. These  ores average o"nly'2%of"nickel as mined  Other nickel minerals of higher percentage occurring in smaller quantities  are niccolite 44% nickel, and 50% arsenic  at Chatham, Connecticut. At Finks-  burg, Maryland, sie��enic (cobalt  pyrites) occurring with copper pyrite  contains 29 to '"o% nickel ana occurs also  in Prussia and Sweden.  A gren crust known as emerald  nickel is found in the massive chroniite  quarried at Wooilspit. Baltimore, for  bicromate ui potash. It is a hydrous  nickel carbonate derived by infiltration  from small granular nodules of nickel  sulphide disseminated in a massive  voilet talc with the chrouiite. The  same occurs in Southern Oregon. In  the United States pyrrhotite is principally worked for nickel, although tho  amount of nickel is not'more than :���'%.  the quantity of ore is so large and available and the sulphide ore so readily  smelted or enriched, in nickel by roast  ing and inciting that it is the ninst  economical ore; "to treat for nickel.  Until the discovery of large deposits of  nickel silicate ore in New Caledonia,  pyrrhotite was the source of nickel in  Europe and America, occurring' in the  older arehean rocks from Canada south,  The sulphuret of nickel (millerite) is  found at Oxford, Quebec, Canada, dissimulated through a green chrome  garnet, with calcspar: 508 pounds smelted gave 8 pounds 'matte, or alloy, containing 71.84 per cent, iron, and 2-2.70  per cent, nickel. Niccolite, associated  with native silver,  occurs at Thunder  Bav.  Nickel occurs on the north shore of  Lake Huron, in Canada West, at the.  Wallace mine. It is a fine steel-gray  mixture, vielding iron 41.79, nickel  13.93. arsenic o\02, sulphur 38.Ki, copper  0.10, and three parts in a thousand of  cobalt. It occurs in quartzose and  chloritic schists.  The Mine la Motte, in Missouri, once  exported nickel, the nickel for the mint  for the small nickel-bronze coins being  obtained from this source.  , In Oregon the ore is a hydrated silicate of nickel oxide, 20 per cent,  nickel. It occurs at Poney Mt., Douglass Co., associated with serpentine  chroniite and steatite.  In Colorado it occurs most abundantly  at the Gem Mine, Grape Creek canon,  Fremont county, associated with silver.  Nickel and cobalt arc generally associated in the rockies. Nickel occurs in  Collinwood canon, Nevada; also in the  Sierra Nevada, near Mono lake. Lancaster Gap, Penna., is one ofthe most  important eastern localities, the ore  being nickeliferous pyrrhotite,carrying  2 percent, nickel. Millerite is associated Avith it in incrusted mid mamillary  lavers formed of a close aggregation of  slender crystals, giviug a velvet like  surface to the crusts when found in  cavities. The total annual consumption  in the United States is about 400,000  pounds. Sweden, Saxony, New Cald-  edonia, Spain and New South Wales  have their nickel deposits."  DEMAND   FOR   S1XVKR.  Birmingham, Ala.���Senator John T.  Morgan, who is taking part- in the congressional campaign in this state, spoke  at Seal ball .to-night to a large audience.  He dwelt chiefly with the subject of  trade and territorial expansion especially  as relates to the south.  With regard to the Nicaraguan canal  he said he thought the time had arrived  when public sentiment would practically  force the present congress to act favorably upon it. The war had brought  about this situation. As to Cuba's  future, Senator Morgan said the United  States would not ,take the island by the  ear and pull it into the union but would  hold it until the people awake to the  realization that their greatest security  and prosperity lies in annexation to this  country, as a' state, which it is thought  they will seek.  As to the Philippines the great distance rendered the situation with them  different from that of Cuba and Puerto  Rico. But he did not believe that there  was a man in this country who favored  turning its back on those people who  needed enlightenment and liberty we can  give them.  The Senator said that Spanish silver is  being driven out of Cuba and Puerto  Rico by our money and that a big demand for our silver in those islands will  follow, thus practically accomplishing  the remonetization of silver as a money.  TOO   MUCH   ALIKE,  The postal officials are in trouble.  The new Mulock stamps very closely  resemble some of the United States  issue. A short time ago a large  patent medicine concern a Buffalo,  N.Y., sent into Canada a number of  circulars j with stamp reply envelopes  enclosed. Through an inadvertence,  United States 2-cent instead of Canadian 3-cent stamps were used. The  cost of the stamps were not all lost,  however. A 2*reat many of the envelopes bearing the United States  stamps came back, the Canadian postal  officials in their hurry not noting the  slight difference in design, in the stamps  ���the color being the same���and the  United States postal revenue has been  enriched by some hundreds of dollars,  for which the Canadian postal service  rendered value. A circular has, it is  understood, been issued warning Canadian postal clerks to be careful in their  scrutiny of the stamps on letters addressed to big advertising firms across  the border.  Preparing   a   Blasting    Charge.  principally in Connecticut and Pennsylvania.  At Chatham, Connecticut, the ore  occurs in mica slate. Nickel and cobalt  are in combination with arsenic and  sulphur. From East Haddam in 1781,  cobalt was mined for making into smalt  for coloring the blue of chinaware, and  20 tons of it were shipped to China, and  later the mine was opened and produced a certain amount of nickel. The  nickel mine also at Torrington. from  which considerable nickel was shipped  to England in (lavs gone by, is now  idle.  "Cut a piece of safety fuse to the right  length and carefully insert the fresh-cut  end in a blasting cap. See that the cap  is free from any particle of sawdust before inserting the fuse. Press the fuse  gently into the cap as far as it will go.  Crimp the open end of the cap tightly  around the fuse with a pair of cap-  nippers, but under no condition disturb  the fulminate or filling in the cap.  Then open one en-Ji of the cartride carefully, aud with a sharpened lead pencil  or pointed wooden stick, make a hole in  the powder, insert the cap end of the  fuse, being careful to see that at least  one-fourth of an inch of the cap remains  out of the powder. Then draw the  paper closely about the fuse and tie it  with a strong cord.  "Never allow smoking* or fire of any  description near the powder, nor leave  any loose caps or fuse in the vicinity of  the powder. ���New York State Mining  Law   A car is often wanted in drifting, and  in quartz mining in places where iron  trucks and trimmings are not to be had.  Philip Minor says: "A wooden truck  built as follows' is better than none.  Cut two round sticks 10 inches in  diameter and 3 feet long. Find the  center of the ends and saw around  them, leaving bearings 2 inches long  and 2 inches in diameter, dressing  them true and smooth. Cut the  flange 2 inches farther back, making  the wheel as true as possible 8 inches in  diameter, 2 inches tread, with flanges I  inch high Cut away the surplus wood  in the middle of the sticks, leaving only  enough for strength. Make a box  frame of plank or spit lagging 3 feet  square', S inches high, and cut notches  in two sides 2 inches dee,]) for bearings,  ���2 feet apart, and babbit them with  bacon rind. Lay a platform on top and  set a tui) or box on that, tipping it off  to empty it Lay a track of split poles,  with the bark and knots trimmed off,  22 inches inside gauge, and it is ready  for straight ahead work. By using  only one roller aud putting handles on  the'frame, a very handy track is made,  to carrv twice the load of a wheelbarrow." ~  Dormouse Delicaclea.  Brawn was originally a .'Roman dish  and was eaten with {"{arum, and cow's  and calf's foot jellies were likewise  daiati'is with Rome's upper ten in the  time of the Caesars. One would hardly  suppose that black puddings were so  old as the reign of Tiberius, but this ia  the fact. They were made of pig's  blood, with little cubes of fat interspersed in the compound, and were the  invention of a gentleman who rejoiced  in the name of, Bambonselvergius. Ii  was be who invented all kinds of sausages���that is, meat stuffed into skins,  which, we take it, is the ground plan,  so to speak, of a sausage.  Tins gentleman also wrote a learned  treatise on the fattening of dormice foi  the table, for at one period dormice  were a craze. There was dormouse soup,  dormouse sa'isage, dormouse brawn, dormouse cooked in every conceivable way,  and the demand for this delicacy in  prize sizes was so great that there was  room for a 1 ook on the subject, though  uufortunate.'y' this book is lost to posterity,and the only knowledge which we  have of the fattening of dormice in  Rome is from Petronius Arbiter, whe  tells us that they became fat by sleeping.  He also tells us that the best sauce to  eat with dormouse is a mixture of poppy seed and honey, a mixture which  probably had the merit of inducing sleep  after a meal. The redeeming feature ol  Roman cookery was that absolute cleanliness was insisted on. Vegetables were  on no account to be cut with a steel oi  iron knife, silver, gold or amber being  de rigueur in all high class kitchens.  The saucepans used were of silver or oi  gold, while tinned f-t'.ueepans were used  by the poorer classes.���New York Post  A Disastrous Phrase.  What great consequences sometimes  result from the quick wit of a man who  sees��the full bearings of an event is illustrated by an incident in the life of  the late Colonel John Tracey. In 1884  he was a reporter on the New York Star  and did work for the Democratic ua  tionnl committee. Ho was at the Fifth  Avenue hotel when the delegation of  clergymen called upon Mr. Blaine. He.  was listening carelessly to the addresses  which were being, made, when his ear  caugbt the phrase, "party of rum, Romanism and rebellion," which the Rev.  Dr. Burchard uttered. He knew that it  was the intention of the reporters to  give small space to the speeches and  thought tin* chances were good that the  now famous expression would not. be  quoted. Seeing the use to which he  could put it for the Deruooratio party,  he rushed to a telegraph office and sent  a short dispatch to several papers and  to the party headquarters. There was  time enough before eleotion for the remark to do its work and not enough for  any sufficient antidote tO"be applied. It  is admitted that the expression had a  marked and perhaps decisive effect upon  the election. Tracey's alert mind had  affected the future of the country in a  thousand ways.���Buffalo Express.  Curious Errors In Titles.  A publisher handed me, not long since,  a postal card which he had received  from California. It read thus: "Have  you any Treties on Tho Edable Frcg?"  Another treasured card in his possession, coming from South Dakota,  asks for a price list of his books, "especially the one that treats of Pharo. " The  last word was at first spelled "Faro"  and then "corrected." At the same  time that the publisher showed me this  card he told me that he had recently received an order for a copy of "The Fcir  Rose of the Bondage." As you havt  guessed, the book referred to by the last  two writers quoted above was. Dr.  Charles S. Robinaoa?fl-<4Pharaohs of the  Bondage."���Critic  mAIfl Bt?OS.  "?J\-7S\7i\'7'\-7l\-?T\-7k\-7'\'7'\  Wholesale  DENTIST  Wilie & LiqUOr MerChailtS Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon.  Carry the finest Stock of Liquors in  the Kootenay Country.  Orders   by mail   or  wire promptly   attended to   H. H. Knox,  tins removed to the  CSQflt8|tt<PCftOS6Hfr#ft0frft  <x.Pi%&  ��������vug-gist  J^fafiorjep  Just received-���  a complete line of  ers  For MEN,  WOMEN and CHILDREN  When in need of Gent's Furnishings,  Ready-made Clothing,   Hats,  Caps,  e��  Reasonable  Prices  and the best and freshest line of  Groceries,  Canned Goods,  Fine Teas and coffees  Are the rule at  T. H. Hoben's  Boots and Shoes, call at���  Postoffice Store, sandon.  Do not forget that  we carry the largest  stock of Miners'  Goods in the country  Hunter Bros.  General Merchants.  ��i��-t*AJia'��.iuiac3��;^ji��Snrj��i". /.*...��.������������� j..- X.^.>  We carry a complete  line of Groceries���Crockery���Bar  Goods���Tinware���Granite ware���Hardware���Men's  Furnishino,s---Boots and Shoe's���Dry Goods  IjUiIIom' Woolen Underwear, Children's Woolen l*iid<��rw����ar, HEADY-MADE  WRAPPERS. We can Hiipply you with everything ut right prices.  SANDON-  ROSSLAND  The Newmarket  NEW DENVER,   B. C.  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -   ���  -       -       -      *- ' ���<       Proprietors.  New  Dress  Goods,  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  Summer and Fall  wear,; also ready-  made Clothing,  Neck wear, Hats,  and Caps, Boots  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the la,ke section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our show- window.  We are displaying a fine line of  novelties.  McLachlan & McKay,  New Denver.  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware,  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOCAN CITY, B.C.  108Bishopsgate St.  (within)  Slocan  Hospital  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  The  British .^^  Subset -       *���'" ��� -   Columbia  Review  SubsciibtIon, ��2.50 per annum  To Brokers, Mining  Englneers, owners of  Alining Claims, Mining Enginceis.Assay-  ers,  Journalists and  others-  Advertise in the B. C. Review,  the only representative B. C. Journal in Europe.   A Good Investment.  AGENTS.  Those handling'"War with Spain" are making money. A good share of the profit is yours  if you take hold. Seven''hundred pages, two  hundred illustrations and sells cheap. We give  big commission; pay freight, sell on time, and  supply outfit free.  BRADLEY-GARRETSON CO., Limited.  Toronto  BRICK  FOR   SALE.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP TICKETS.  To and from European points via Canadian  and American lines. Apply for sailing dates,  rates, tickets and full information to any C. P.  Ry agent or���  a. B. GARRETT.  C. P. R. Agent, New Denver.  . WM. STITT, Gen. S.S.Agfc., Winnipeg.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  Large  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection -against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Leland  Nakusp,  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/  n  Mil k  'I  Insurance  and General Commissson  Agents.  NEW DENVER. B. C.  iff  a .-tfioar  **'*"*>  <&  "*i-  xs<mx;/^.>^  Block and i* pn;pared',to repair  every description of  Watches.  FRED J. SaUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings a)ways on hand.  Although I have been doing  ^business in Kootenay since 1886  I have never before had a stock  equal to what I am now showing.  It was purchased in Montreal,  Hew York and many other Eastern points for  cash, and I can safely say that my prices are  fully 30 per cent lower than any other house in  this country. Jewels, Standard Silverware,  Watches, Sings, and Fancy Goods in endless  profusion. Orders and enquiries by mail are  carefully attended to.   JACOB BOVEE, Welson  /


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