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The Ledge May 12, 1898

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 Volume V.   No. 32.  NEW DENVER, B. C, MAY 12, 1898.  Price, $2,00 Year  BRIGHT FUTURE  What a Nelson Paper Thinks  of New Denver.  MINING AND RESIDENCE CENTRE  The Nelson Tribune, May 7th, eon-  tains this optomistic review of New  Denver and its possibilities:  "New Denver has experienced many  hardships in the past, that have retarded the growth and prosperity of what  was long1 ago looked upon as the natural  ���center of the Slocan camp. Internal  ���dissensions, the jealousy of the neighboring towns and the lack of proper  railway facilities have all had their  -effect, but the to��vn at present bids fair  to rise superior to all harmful influences  -And come right to the front. The last  year saw  a   vast amount of building  ���done, and a little has been accomplished this season.  But it is in another way  the  town  will advance.    In the past  there has been wanting something solid  to build  the   town on, apart  from its  being the government and residential  ���center of the camp.    It has wanted, and  wanted badly, mines contiguous to the  place, and these it now has, though it  Las taken vears for the people to realize  the  wealth  surrounding  them.   In a  semi-circle is located a belt of seven or  -eight properties that will build up New  Denver and give it a payroll and permanency.   These properties are all in  flight of the town, and their number will  be materially increased before the summer is over." The townspeople are more  hopeful and the business men realize  that the place will come to tlie front and  are preparing for it.  " First  and   foremost,   there is the  Mollie   Hughes   group,   adjoining  the  town  on  tlie north.   This property is  tnrning out a Avorld-beater, ana so"fre-  ���quent and rich are the  developments  that it is the talk  of the country, and  mining men everywhere are coming to  see the showings.  Felix Hughes stayed  bv his property for years, but eventually sold it a few months ago for a song,  though a shipment he had made demonstrated   its  richness.    Messrs.  Clever,  Bragdon, Sharen and Avison were the  purchasers, and they turned it over in  a few weeks   to   an" English company,  represented   by   W.  Sandiford,   for   a  $10,000 bond.   "A force of 15 men were  engaged, and a number of new workings opened up.   Bunkhouses and other  buildings were erected,   and   to these  will be added large ore sheds.   There  are three   veins   on   the   property, all  showing   ore, of marvellous   richness,  ���carrying gold, silver and copper.   The  first"vein had   a   number 'of open cuts  and tunnels made on it by Hughes, and  from these he made a shipment to Pilot  Bay,   obtaining good results.   A new  tunnel is being- run on this at the lake  shore.   The second vein has been encountered above the railway track and  is 10 feet wide.    It is on this that the  astonishing rich strikes have developed.  The vein has been proven by cuts for  1,400 feet.   A shaft has  been sunk on  the vein 20 feet and a tunnel'is being  run in to catch lead close by.    On Monday the   showing  in the shaft was 16  inches, and on Tuesday it had widened  to two feet, 10 inches of   solid shipping1  ore, the value of which is not equaled  connected with New Denver by a fine  wagon road. The Sandiford syndicate  is credited with negotiating for its purchase.  "Above the Mountain Chief,on Silver  mountain, is the California, owned by  Messrs. Marks, Burns and VahHouteii.  Operations on this will be commenced  on May 15, and the force gradually increased to 30 men. There is a splendid  showing of galena exposed, with. a  quantity of ore on the dump. Interests  in this property were sold last year on  a basis of $60,000. New workings will  be started and shipments will be made  regularly from New Denver,with which  it is ^connected by trail. The owners  purpose operating the California continuously.  "On the end of the California is the  Marion, owned by Messrs. Alexander,-  Mclnnes, Sproat and Marion. There  are two veins on this ground, and the  showing is quite equal to that of the  California, the vein of which has been  proven on the Marion There is also  the Greenleaf rein, and both ledges  show on the surface solid galena, averaging about 175 ozs. in silver. The  owners will develop thej Marion as soon  as the snow goes off, and a permanent  camp will be established ana ore shipped as soon as possible.  "Down towards the lake,to the southeast of New Denver, is the Frisco, at  present under bond to Denver parties.  Much work has been done since last  fall, but the ore body has not yet been  tapped. A small stringer has been encountered, which gives good returns.  The ledge is believed to be the continuation of the Fidelity. A contract  was let this week for the driving of another 100 feet of tunneling.  "Between the Frisco and the lake is  the Fidelity group, owned by Messrs.  Williamson, Hbltz and Byron,'of Silver-  ton. This property is not a year old,  yet it has attained considerable notoriety, as the body of clean ore exposed  from the grass "roots has been exceptional. It is at present being worked  by the owners, by a system of shafts,  tlie last of which lias nearly two feet of  clean ore in sight besides concentrating.  Small shipments have been made from  Silverton, giving returns of 150 oz. in  silver, with'a high percentage of lead.  Numerous deals have been reported on  for this property: but as yet it has not  been disposed "of. Johnny Harris, of  the Reco, has been after it for a long  time. A deal is now reported on for  the group, which, if consummated, will  assist New Denver, as the property will  bo operated from that town.  "Surrounding New Denver are numerous good claims which are this year  being developed, though permitted to  remain idle in the past On the opposite  side of the lake, in the vicinity of the  glacier, are a number of properties dis-  coveredjlastyear, and these liave promising indications. It is from the working of the properties named that New  Denver expects benefit this year, and  the prospects of the town are bright indeed."  and shows over 100 claims within a  radius of 25 miles of the city, ft is  sold for !fl and is worth the'moiiey.  . Wm. Thompson, of Sandon, and Mr.  Tait have resumed work on the Frisco.  They will run another tunnel of 100 feet,  in aii effort to tap the lead.  Mrs. C. M. Kirkwood, who is visiting  the home of R. I. Kirkwood, will remain for the summer returning to her  home in Chicago in the fall.  The Mollie Hughes is sacking ore for  an early shipment. The property continues to develop favorably and is filling the most sanguine expectations of  its owners.  C. F. Nelson, P.C. and K. of B. and  S., left this week for Kamioops to attend the annual conclave of the Grand  Lodge of Knights of Pythias, as grand  representative of New Denver lodge.  A report comes from the Mahoney  claim, adjoining the Emily, situated  higli up on the mountain across Carpenter creek from the Mountain Chief,  of a strike of three feet of high grade  dry ore on that property.  The miners and prospectors of Ten  Mile are petitioning Gold Commissioner  Dennis for the setting apart of a sum of  money out of the public appropriation  for the building of trails to the head of  the creek and the summit.  A rich strike is reported on the  Bolander claim. The Noonday ledge  runs through the property, and development work has shown it "up most favorably. The Bolander is in the hands of  a company of Findlay, Ohio.  Knox Presbyterian church services:  Wednesday evening Prayer meeting  at 8 o'clock; Sabbath school and Bible  class at 2:30; evening service at 7:30.  Subject next Sunday, "Scenes of the  Memorable Sanhedum." Pastor, James  H. Sharpe.  Navigation is now open on the Great  Lakes. Steamers leave Fort William  Sundays. Tuesdays and Fridays for  Owen Sound. For full particulars as to  reduced rates, etc.. given on application  to G. B. Garrett, Agent C. P. Ii., New  Denver, BC.  The social given last week at' the  close of the district meeting of the  Methodist ministry was a very enjoyable affair, made sb particularly by the  attendance of Prof. Millward's orchestra, which rendered four selections  in a maimer that would have done  credit to a professional jband of musicians.  IN AND ABOUT NEW DENVER.  Dan Bongard has gone to Republic.  ;   A. Driscoll is in  Chilliwack,  ill with  typhoid fever.  Judge Newton, of Rossland has opened an office in London.  Tom  Roadley, of Kaslo, will spend  the summer in the Omineca countrv.  A cave-in on the tunnel being run on  tlie Fidelity montain caused considerable delay last week in the work being  prosecuted by the Fidelity people. The  earth fell in irom the surface when bedrock was reached. It has been caught  up and work is proceeding. The workmen expect to find the Fidelity lead  with very little drifting.  THK   XOKTHEIW   KA1LWAY.  for such  a  large body  enay-    Assays" on  tlie  in West Koot-  rock Mondav  ft  gave $28 in gold and 4,039 in silver  is a mass of pure native silver, streaked with the quartz, galena and copper,  and the owners state that the showing  on Tuesday will yield upwards of 7,000  in silver per ton. Half a car load of  this ore is now on the dump, and they  are taking out chunks of it as large as  the hoisting bucket. Upon this vein  the main work will be concentrated.  Farther up the hill is a third vein,showing shipping ore. This is known as the  Pinto vein, and has been exposed for  3,500 feet. The present holders of  the group will largely increase their  force and will make regular shipments.  Offers as high as ��100,000 have been  made for the property, but no one can  fefc it, as it is turning out a regular  onanza.. Mr. Sandiford's company will  operate entirely from New Denver, and  they propose investing heavily in the  camp.  "Adjoining the Mollie Hughes on the  northeast is the Mary Durham, owned  bylWelsh and Hick's, of Slocan City.  Assessment work on this has disclosed" a  fine showing of galena ore, carrying  values as high as $140 in gold and upwards of 300 oz. in silver. Only mere  surface work has yet been done on the  property, but parties are endeavoring  to secure it, and then work will be  rushed.  "All over Goat mountain prospectors  are busy, and a number of claims have  been staked and are being worked.  Upon some of these the showings are  most encouraging. Crossing over Carpenter creek is the Mountain Chief, one  of the foremost properties in the camp,  and one of the earliest shippers. It is  well known to everybody, and is now  W. Beach Wilcox, of Kaslo, blew  through New Denver last Saturday.  It is reported that the sheriff has his  eve on one of the printing offices in  Nelson.  be too large  Newton Ash died at' HalycOn Springs  last week. He was one of the pioneers  of Kootenay.  There are seven lumberyards in Nelson.   That city will soon  for its clothes."  H. T. Twigg- returned from Ireland  last week. He spent most of the winter  in Dungannon.  The steamer Kokanee leaves Kaslo  every Tuesday and Friday evening for  Lardo aud Argenta.  Fennel creek is receiving more attention this season, and several promising  prospects have been located thereon,  Only a small portion of the Mary  Durham was cut out by the survey on  the Mollie Hughes. It "i.s no loss to" the  claim as the lead is not touched.  Divine services will be held in the  Methodist church on Sunday, May loth,  at 11 a.m. and 7:20 p.m." Preacher,  Charles Haney, B.A., of Saudon.  A steel gallows frame is to be erected  at the War Eagle mine, Rossland, that  will be the largest in the world. It will  cost $25,000 and have a capacity of  1,000 tons a day.  A. Dick has returned from England  where he spent the winter. He reports  that the British are fully alive to the  value of Kootenay as a country for mining investments.  The ore bins broke down in the Scottish Colonial Co.'s concentrator, near  Three Forks, last Friday, and scattered  1,000 tons of ore through the mill. The  loss will be over $3,000.  The Rossland Miner has issued a map  of that camp.    It is printed in  colors  The principal topic of the day  throughout the Province and the Dominion of Canada is the, building of a  railway to the Yukon country. The  defeat of the railway bill by the Senate  has caused the Government to look  about for some other way to secure the  Yukon ;trade and are considering an  all-rail Canadian route, which they can  get either from Ashcroft or Edmonton.  The objection to the Edmonton route  is that it. is too long and the construction ! of a railway in some places  would be too expensive. From Ashcroft, a short distance, not over 750  miles to Lake Teslin, a good railway  line could be easily built, passing  through one of the finest mining* and  ag-rieiiltural countries in the Dominion  of Canada.  Mr. Bell in his report to the Government on his investigation of the routes  to Cariboo to build a railway, was decidedly in favor of the Ashcroft routes  as the distance was shorter and the  expense would be considerably less.  The only trouble was the first couple of  miles, but with railway engineering it  would be considered' nothing. The  country i.s well populated and fine  ranches are distributed every few miles  along the road.  Large mining companies are at present operating, and as soon as a railway  is built, numerous other companies,  owuing good ground, will commence  work on a large scale. The hindrance  to the mining industry is the transportation of mining machinery, which  can only be taken in at present under  great expense.  Quartz mining- so far has not been  looked after as the shipping' facilities  would not permit to work the grade of  quartz ledges eventually to be discovered. Through Cariboo right to  Lake Teslin a line of railway could  almost follow the gold belt, and it  would pass through tlie Kiskagash  district, which is known to be rich in  quartz. Samples from Kiskag-ash have  run as high as S300 per ton. The resources of the quartz industry will demand the building of a railway shortly  to these districts.  A railway line  being boosted  Port Simpson, or some point near  there, through to Lake Teslin, a distance of 400 miles, and the Provincial  Government to grant a subsidy of $4,000  per mile for the construction of the  same. The railway fiom that point  will no doubt benefit a few, especially  those who secured all the land in that  vicinity several years ago. But what  about the interior of the Province,  which has been crying for a railway for  years to tap the Cariboo country;1 If  there is money to be spent let" it be  spent where the people will derive the  most benefit.  The Ashcroft route is the most desirable one to build a railway over, and  will receive its dues by the business  and well thinking men of the country.  The coast merchants control the trade  of this part of the country, and what  will benefit the people of this district  and Cariboo, the merchants and many  others of the coast will also receive their  benefit.  To show the interest taken in the  Ashcroft route, Mr. Hosmer, superintendent of telegraphs, after thoroughly  investigating all other ways to reach  the Yukon with the telegraph line, decided on Ashcroft as the shortest and  easiest way to construct the telegraph  line.  A railway from Ashcroft would benefit principally the whole of the interior  north of here���Cariboo, Omenica, Peace  river and Cassiar���while from Port  Simpson it would traverse an uninhabited, barren and almost unknown  wilderness. It is hoped that good judgment will orevail in the selection of a  railway to "the north as it means much  for the" welfare of the Province.  If the railway is not constructed at  once, why not build a wagon road from  Quesnelle to Lake Teslin? This will  settle all questions as to trade with  the Yukon country. Use the Stickine  and Skeena rivers for getting up large  quantities of supplies. Build the section of road from Glenora to Lake  Teslin at, once and a good one, and in  sixty days wagons can be rattling over  the "route. Meantime have parties of  men constructing the road from Quesnelle to Hazleton and from Hazleton to  Glenora.  Many parties are now on their way  with wagons as well as pack trains  from the States and ithe lower country  in general. More than 600 men are or  have been in Ashcroft buying- horses  and outfits already, and more than 1,000  horses have been "sold. All goods sold  here come from the wholesale houses  of Victoria or Vancouver. Build a  wagon road and build it at once. The  Government that votes a large bonus  for a railroad will, it seems to us, make  a mistake and a serious one. We venture the bold assertion that a wagon  road that could be built for ��250,000, or  even less, from Quesnelle through to  Lake Teslin would be of more value to  the Province, as the ranchers in the  vicinity would be able to get a market  at their door for their products.���Ashcroft Journal.  highest is rarely over 82 degrees, while  the average is 77 degrees.  The chief agricultural products are  sugar, coffee and tobacco, of which the  United States takes the greater part.  In 1893, for example, there were 815,894  tons of sugar produced, of which 712,204  tous were exported, the United States  taking 580,642 tons. Of 227,000 bales  of tobacco exported, two-thirds went to  the United States, together with more  that half the 147,365,000 cigars made.  But while the exports footed up a total  of 89,000,000 Spanish dollars, and the  imports 856,000,000, the taxation on the  people reached nearly 25,000,000 Spanish  dollars. Of this tremendous burden,  which is more than one-sixth the combined value of the imports and exports,  less than one-half came from the customs, and one-fourth of the whole is  entirely diverted from the Island to the  uses of"the Spanish Crown.  It is supposed that the negro race  predominates in point of numbers in  Cuba, but this does not appear to be  the fact, for just before the rebellion  it was estimated that there were less  than 500,000 of this race on the Island,  against over 1,000,000 whites and about  50,000 Chinese. Of the whites, the native born, or Cubans, are by far the  best educated, but neither the mass of  the Spanish residents nor the negroes  are overburdened with scholastic knowledge.   EASTERN NEWS  Important Items  Chronicled  by Our Correspondent.  RUSHING]   READERS'    RETREAT  WBST   KOOTENAY   HIDINGS.  backed  ment.  up  It  from Port Simpson is  by the coast cities  by the, Provincial Govern-  is proposed   to  build   from  FACTS   ABOUT    CUBA.  Now that Cuba has the eyes of the  world fooussed upon it, much is being  said of the character of the country  and its wonderful resources in time of  peace. Of an irregular crescent shape  Cuba is much larger than popularly  supposed, for it is 730 miles long, hasan  average width of SO niiles and an area  of 43,319 square miles, without including- its adjacent islands, which cover  over 2,000 square miles more. Although  mountainous in the interior, much of  the coast line is low and flat, and difficult of approach on account of the  numerous reefs and small islands. Notwithstanding this feature of the coast,  it is said that no other islnnd in the  world has so many lexcellent harbors  in proportion to its size. Of these  Havana, Matanzas, Bahia Honda, Mar-  iel, Nuevitas, Nipe and Cardenas, on  the north side, and Santiago de Cuba  Trinidad,Guantanamo and Cienfuegoes  on the south side, are the principal and  best known.  The Island of Cuba is divided into  six provinces, the most thickly populated of wnich is Havana, and the least  is Puerto Principe. The total population before the present insurrection  was over 1,800,000, but it is estimated  that at least 500,000 have since perished  in battle, by disease and starvation.  Although there is much cleared and  cultivated land, there are no less than  20,000,000 acres of almost impenetrable  forests, fully 13,000,000 of which have  never been" disturbed iby man. But  the soil which has been cultivated is  marvellously rich and productive. To  what extent this is so is shown by the  fact that, notwithstanding the discouragements to all industrial enterprises  through the misrule of Spain, the exports in 1893 were valued at over 89,-  000,000 Spanish dollars.  Notwithstanding the prevalence of  yellow fever in the seacoast cities and  towns, the greater part of Cuba is said,  under normal conditions, to be a very  healthy place. Although not altogether in the tropics, it has all the characteristics of the torrid region. It has  a wet and dry season, and except in  few spots in the mountains not even  light frosts. The prevailing- temperature is   not   unpleasantly   hot, for the  Rossland riding remains unchanged,  the boundaries of the other ridings  being as follows:  REVELSTOKE RIDING  shall comprise all that portion of the  said district of West Kootenay which  lies to the north of a line commencing  at a point where the westerly boundary  of the said district intersects the height  of land lying to the south of Indnoaken  Creek and its tributaries; thence' along  the said height of land, following down  the said creek, to Lower Arrow Lake to  a point opposite the height of land south  of Cariboo Creek; thence along the  height of land to the south of Cariboo  Creek and its tributaries, and following  the said creek to its head; thence following the height of land between the  water's flowing into Slocan Lake, and  those flowing into Upper Arrow Lake,  and the height of land between Popular  Creek and Cascade Creek, to the Lardo  River, at a point half way between  Trout Lake and Kootenay Lake; thence  north-easterly to the height of land between Duncan River and Trout Lake;  thence north-westerly to the headwaters  of the Hall or Cameron, Creek to the  Duncan River; thence to the mouth of  East Creek to its head waters, and  thence due east to the eastern boundary  of West Kootenav district.  SLOGAN  RIDING  comprise all that portion of the  shall  said district of West Kootenay which is  bound on the north by the Revelstoke  Riding-; on the west by Lower Arrow  Lake'and the Columbia River; on the  south by the Kootenay River and the  west arm of Kootenay Lake and a line  running- from the mouth of the said west  arm to the mouth of Crawford Bay, and  thence to the eastern boundary of West  Kootenay District; and on the east side  by the said eastern boundary of West  Kootenay District.  NJ)LSON' RIDING.  shall comprise all that portion of the  said district of West Kootenay lying to  the south of the Slocan Riding of West  Kootenay and east of the Columbia  River    '       A    PROMISING    GROUP.  Robert Kirkwood is taking in supplies  and making preparations to do considerable work on the Ohio, Mabau and  Speculator. These claims are situated  between the Enterprise and Arlington  properties, and have several strong  leans running through them. It is the  intention of the owners to do sufficient  immediate work to obtain Crown  grants. Development bids fair to make  this group one of the most valuable in  the Slocan.   WAR   NEWS   SCARCE.  Very little has taken place at the scat  of war during the past week. Acting-  Admiral Sampson's squadron has left  Key West in search of the Spanish torpedo flotilla; Commodore Dewey has  taken Manilla city and has full charge  of affairs there. Eighty thousand troops  are being sent to Cuba to capture  Havana. In brief the Americans are  preparing- to administer a crushing  blow to Spain.  ANOTHER   DIVrDENI}.  The Idaho paid a dividend of 624,000  on Mondav. This makes a total of  $264,000 paid up to date.  A Montreal horse dealer has received  an order from the United States government for 2,500 horses for cavalry and  field use.  Why wouldn't the pink of propriety be  an appropriate flower for our national  emblem?  Some good finds have been made in  the Lake Wahnapitae mining district,  and a 10-stamp mill will be in operation  there the coming summer.  The Grand Trunk has decided not to  remove its offices from Montreal to Toronto. The site for the new offices in  Montreal has not yet been decided  Upon..  Mr. Robert Chapman, who was with  the Foot Guard at the marriage of  Queen Victoria, and who served  throughout the entire Crimean war,  died this week at London, Ont.  On Sunday last the Rev. J. E. Starr,  a Methodist clergyman in Kingston,  read a despatch about the war from his  pulpit, as a 'reward for those who left  the bulletin board to attend church.  Cames l Yates, who died recently at  the residence of his son in Preston,Ont.,  was the oldest Oddfellow in Canada and  was the only living charter member of  Unity lodge, which he joined 53 years  ago.  The earnings of the Canadian Pacific  Railway for the third week of April  were ��454,000, showing an increase of  887,000. The Grand Trunk earnings  were $433,595, showing an increase of  $18,302.  Over 1,000,000 bushels of grain have  arrived at Kingston, and the elevators  are working day and night. The farmers are having' their innings now and  ought to "make hay while the sun  shines."  The price of flour has taken a considerable jump, and, in consequence,  the price of bread has increased the last  few day from one to two cents. Other  articles for consumption are also rising  in price.  The itwo-year-old son of Mr. Allan,  barrister, of Collingwood, Out., was  taken suddenly sick on Sunday last,  while his father was at church, and died  ina very short time. It is supposed  that he a"te some strychnine pills.  Moses B. Perine, head of the firm of  M. B. Perine & Co., twinemakers, died  of paralysis at his home in Doon, Out.,  this week, aged 48 years. Mr. Perine  lived in Dooli for 45 years, and his  works are the mainstay bf the villag-e.  Between Jan. 1st and April 12th over  10,000 boiiafide settlers passed through  the immigration office at Winnipeg.  The steamer Bulgaria from Hamburg  arrived at Halifax this week with 950  immigrants, mostly Gallicians, ou  board, en route to Winnipeg-.  Mr. James Lawson, collector of customs at Fort Erie, lias been appointed  special officer to enforce the alien labor  law along the frontier at Fort Erie,  "wherever Americans on their side of  the adjoining frontier are enforcing the  United States act against Canadians."  Gilbert Parker, the talented Canadian author, writing from Athens to  Dr. Bourinot, C.M.G., says that he will  lie present at the May meeting of the  Royal Society of Canada, to be held in  Ottawa. He" will deliver an address on  "The Art of Fiction." Mr. Parker,  while in Ottawa will be the guest of  Lord and Lady Aberdeen.  Senor Polo Y. Bernabe and his staff  have been staying at the Queen's Hotel,  Toronto,all week,many of the business  men of the city are much dissatisfied  with the visit of the Spanish minister,  and would like to be rid 6f him as soon  as possible. Society people, however,  are delighted to have an opportunity to  hobnob with Spanish grandees.  The reports from the Michipicoten  gold fields are very encouraging. Mr.  Boyd, the gold commissioner, has left  for that district. A great number of  prospectors have also gone, encouraged  by the reports from companies who  have been working there all winter.  A number of stores are being started,  and the town at the landing presents a  very active appearance  George E. Gascoigne, a former Mon-  trealer, a nephew of Majo-Gen. Gascoigne,the retiring- Commander-in-Chief  of the Canadian Militia, who has been  residing in Lincoln, Neb., for sometime,  has a commission as Lieut, in the Lincoln Light Infantry, and will go to the  front in the present Spanish-American  war. Another Canadian, Lieut. James  Porter Fowler, will also go to the front.  An important discovery of oil has  been made in Newfoundland. Montreal capitalists are going to develop  tho Iind, and have decided to send out  Mr. Wallace Bell of that city, who has  been engaged in such work for 28 years  and has a''record of 70 producing wells  of different characters in this province-  Mr. Bell has gone to Petrolia, Out., to  purchase a quantity of drilling machinery which he will require for ins work. THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MAY 12, 1898.  Fifth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  .SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three mouths '��� ��� ���* ���^  Six "  l.-J.>  Twelve " '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. ��� -l-<*>  Thkek years  ���'���W  Transient Advertising, th cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every pari of the Kootenay  Dtstrict and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  pa]>er if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the rest  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  bond-buyers will be in their glory  should McKinley's bond proposition  carry. They will dictate the terms,  buy' the bonds at a discount, collect  interest for twenty years and then  get the principal at 100 cents on the  Mackenzie all of Cuba if they will  build them a narrow guage road to  Madrid within ninety days.  The battle of Tarantula Mountain  was a hoc one.     It commenced just  dollar. The working people have no i after sunrise. Major John M. Burke  reason to be more patriotic and will- |led tne first charffe. \>nt aSL& t0 re_  ing to fight for their country than this f wfaen the en commenced  other class. i .    .     ^,   ^  ,, ���   , ,lXxr  ������������Surely the workers  will not be | singing that old Kaslo song,    We are  trtiTlli 111 1��*hriiT�� ll��i > I'll III  '!>  fcHBtaar  ti  ointreal  benefitted, unless they figure that  allowing a greaser to fill their carcasses with lead is a benefit, or in  the event of escape without injury,  the prospect of paying principal and  interest on half a billion of bonds to  these patriotic (?) money changers  who have not the courage to expose  their precious bodies to the perils of  war.  "The Tribune  would  like to see  John   Pierpont Morgan,   Lyman J  waiting for thee, John." Col. Sam  Wharton's regiment did excellent  work for Old Glory, but the Colonel  did not have time to see the fight out.  He was much annoyed by having to  leave for New Denver upon important  mining business just as the battle  grew the most interesting. At the  critical point in the fight General  David W. King turned up and won  Established   181T.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,    MOJtTKKAI-.  3.  THUKSDAr,  MAY 12,  1898.  SCUM'S FKD3H  THE   K'niTOK'S  DESK.  Dewey having knocked the Dons  flewey, is a bigger man than John L.  Sullivan ever was. Such is fame,  without gloves.  Business is slowly improving in  the Slocan, and all signs point to a  prosperous year that commenced with  more thorns than roses.  ' David B. Bogle will be an Opposition candidate in the Rossland Riding. Bogle is none too popular, but  he has brains and may win in a walk.  The Spokane route to Canada is  now open and Yanks who are afraid  of the draft will find New Denver a  safe and delightful retreat. Come  early and take the high seats.  The world is getting better. Several of our subscribers have recently  made their peace with us, which goes  to prove that all newspaper subscribers are not as black as they are  painted. ______  Election is close at hand and it is  advisable for the people of the Slocan  district to see that their choice of  candidates is a wise one. We want  a man of brains and ability to represent us; and that is the only brand of  humanity this journal will support.  The coming election promises to be  a hot one in the Slocan Riding. There  will likely be two Kaslo men in the  field and one more from the Slocan  mining division. The Riding will be  divided within its own borders as the  greater number of voters are not in  favor of a representative who lives in  Kaslo. _______  British Columbia papers are urging the strict enforcement of the law  in reference to the carrying of.concealed weapons. This is a move in  the right direction, and in future all  gentlemen calling at this office are  gently, requested to carry guns in  sight or leave them with the janitor  oc the first floor. '������  Gaffe and Mark Hanria shoulder their i fcne dav by his persuasive eloquence  guns and go to   the front.     When :    d ime [   ld heixded cane.  they do so the  editor ot this paper j ^ .  will cheerfully lay down his quill and i,   The steamer W.  Hunter  has left  try to make things as infernally hot; Havana   in   chase   of the   Spanish  for the Spaniards as he proposes to do torpedo fleet.  with   the   120   ex-members   of the      The Spanisn craiser Caramba was  Wardner ra^^1;?,^"^"!^ j sunk todav.    An American boat fired  reduce wages,   but did not have the ) -  courage of a chicken when it came to a Slocan beefsteak   at   it with tne  confronting men  who used the same I above result.  Rt.  Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Ro_al, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F.J. FINUCANE, Manager.  i  mg_A' wi^^<iL_,q_>��^_,^_'^^,qca^Eaa^_8p  *__M_H_jNacsp_?--rv__��r^_ar,?a,TO  weapons as themselves.  A    FI1IM    RESOLUTION.  i Curly Robinson will make an at-  i tempt to get into the enemy's camp.  i He is armed with an ace in the hole  j and 200 black jacks. He is sanguine  that he can clean up the Spanish  I without having to shoot craps.  j A movement is on foot to suspend  ! hostilities until the provincial election  There is trouble in many an American home right now. Many a mother's heart aches as she thinks of her  boy who has gone to the war. Many  a girl mourns for a sweetheart who is  with the other boys in blue at the j  front. There is nothing new in this  kind of sorrow, although we will  never cause it. , While we would  rather be a dead hero than a living  coward, all our female relations and  friends can rest assured that our  name will never appear in  spatches as being deceased from an  over-dose of bull-fighters lead. We  may die of starvation in the newspaper business, be buried in a slide  or shot by an indignant populace, but  we will never die dressed up in blue,  or red for that matter. Of that fact  we are certain. We have calmly  considered the question and arrived  at the conclusion that it is more  healthy in New Denver than in Cuba  at the present stage of affairs. Of  course,   if the   bull-fighters   would | ��� "��� ������  charge down  Carpenter creek with j    George   Augustus  Sala's  widow has  the intention of capturing New Den- ! gone into   bankruptcy   through  taking  ver, under the impression that it was  in American territory we would get  out and   give   them all   the hell we  in B. C. is oyer,  A spy from the bull-fighters' camp  lias gone to Victoria, B. C. He wants  to watch the B. C. legislature in order to learn how to fight without  hloodshed.  A correspondent of the New Denver  ..    A    i Ledge has just arrived  in  a Peter-  the de-1 ��� - ,   ��� .,,. .     . ,    ���  ] boro canoe from the Phillipine islands  I and states that he had no difficulty in  paddling   away   from   the   Spanish  fleet. *  Sam   Brown,   Jim   Moran.    Billy  Glynn, Al Behne,   Charley Greenlee  and Jim  Gilhooley are expected in  Havana shortly.     They  will run a  long tunnel to tap a large  chute of  lead and powder that crops out on the  surface in various parts of che city.  FOREIGN   NOTES.  had on hand. Outside of this bare  possibility there is no danger of us  making any vacant chairs in Spain  upon herself her late husband's debts.  An expedition in search of Andree is  about to leave Stockholm for Siberia, the  cost being borne by the Swedish Geographical society.  Sir Henry Irving's eldest son has just  published a life of the bloody Judge Jef-  ,,T    .  ,      ,   ,       ,..��� .. , j   freys, in which he  tries  to  rehabilitate  We intend to still camp   on  the old j th/t ;vorthy,s character.  ground and print the same kind of a j A ^^ Qn a fapm nw Cambral,  paper that we did in ante-bellum ; H1 Northern France, has lived 72 years  davs. , with  the  same family.   She  is now 84  "   ' l. ' '. ; years of age and still does her work.  the   ur,ooi>Y   SHiKT. Anti-Semitism has broken out in Lon-                                      don.    At   an  inquest on  a  Spitallields  Tir Hip war lives much longer there '��� Christian small boy, killed by the tlirow-  li tne **ai mes mucn longei cneie ,.     q{ a stone>   it cam(? QUt that fishts  Is one of the awful things  of life, but it is necessary  at times to overcome an  evil and defeat the aims  of tbe plotting knaves  that work in darkness.  Our war at the present  time is on shoddy furniture, unjust charges and  poor, bunglesome workmanship by men traveling about the country,  claiming to be agents  for eastern houses, while  doing upholstering on  the side. Our workshop  and store rooms are in  New Denver, we pay  the freight both ways on  furniture sent us for repairs, and guarantee to  do the best upholstering  and repairing that can  be done. Our goods do  the talking; we simply  call your attention to  them.     Yours to please,  WALKER & BAKER  Furniture Dealers,  Undertakers and Embalniers.  C. S. RASHDALL,  Notary Public,  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL &/ FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  H. T. BRAGDON,  naw^tiwwwaiff  New Denver, B.C.  w  . S. Dkewky  Kaslo, B.C.  II. T. Twice  New Denver, B.C.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion ami Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  jtS'Rashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  A Kansas editor recently stated  that the American flag1 was a painted  rag. A mob chased him 2f> miles  and he was glad to escape with his  life. This editor lacks good sense.  If a man does not like the way in  which his country does business he  should emigrate, and not be so rash  and ungentlemanly as to slight the  flag under which he earns his corn  and bacon.  should be room in the states for more  yellow journals.    A live man with  j plenty of gall and  no regard for the  I truth, would do  well  in  New York.  1 If we were not burdened with such a  high   appreciation  of the   value   of  truthfulness we might step under the  shade, of the stars and stripes,   start a  saffron journal,   call   it The Bloody  The silver market is more anxious  than it has been for some time, and  in sympathy with other articles that  are rising in price it is also expected  to'advance. More of the white metal  is being shipped to India and China j troops.  Shirt and dish np a daily hash of  frightful items something after this  style:  War Special lo 'riu-: Bi.oonv Slliiii.]  Galley West,  May  41,  1898  cargo of compressed air machines has  between Jews and Christians  have been  going on in that district  for some time  past.  Prince Henry, of Prussia,just managed  to get the battleship Deutseliland to  China. On reaching Hong Kong the vessel was at once put into the British dry  dock there, where it had to stay three  weeks while undergoing serious repairs  to the machinery.  An attempt to cross the Alps in a balloon, starting from the Italian side, will  be made next summer. The intention is  to keep at a height of 15,000 feet as long  as possible, and to take photographic  views and make scientific observations  ^ ; during the passage.  j\JtL. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc.  Sandon, B. C.  [?    G.  FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders* and Contractors'  .Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I curry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware, in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices njion anything required  ii my line.  OTEL SANDON,  "7i\     *7j\     *7ft     *7\\     *tK     *tK  Sandon, B.C.  ^HIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while, in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  ^  I  ]^.E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  Ilasuuiplc sicconimoriutioiis fur a hriiv number of people.  Sandon.  The rooms are large  anil air  Sampl  tlie   DiiiiiiLr' Koom  n provided  for Commercial 'Traveler-;.  willi everything   in tlie market  The latest novelties  in Millinery and  just arrived and are being served out! \\res* G,oods< etc" Just received at Mrs.  J ��� , ��� i Merkley's.  to the war correspondents.    A report reaches  here tonight that j  -10,000 Dons have been  leaded   by |  working too close to the American i  than usual, and the demand,especially in India, promises to become much  greater. Speculators will endeavor  to push tlie price up, and we look for  a very noticeable advance within tlie  next i')0 days.  Since the war broke out the |  Canucks and Yanks are as thick as!  white checks in a Kaslo poker game.  This is as it ought to be, and no one j  is more pleased with the change in i  sentiment than we are.   It has struck |  How doth the little crocodile.  Improve Ins shining: tail,  And pour the waters of the Nile  On every golden scale!  Mow cheerfully he seems to grin.  How neatly spreads his claws,  And welcomes littles lishes in  With gently sinilinw jaws !  ��� Lewis Carroll.  A''terrific   battle   has just   been  fought near Tobacco City,  in Cuba, ;    Th(, k^.^^^^^. in Nelsou  Two   thousand   Spaniards   and  one j is one of the best cigars on the market.  American went up the Hume. The; lcc iu-tiikMallv manufactured bv the  boys in blue captured several sacks , use of chemical' mixtures is not a late  ot Spanish onions and there is scarce- i hlea by any means, the invention flatly a dry eye in the camp this evening.  in": back to 178B.  us so forcibly that we have sewed a j ^  Quite a number oi' soldiers from  Boston have recently become deceased from an absence of baked  beans in their daily diet.  In the third battle of Vanilla the. -  Americans nearly  lost  the day.    If'  Gents' Furnishings, Ladies' and Children's Boots and Shoes are selling at cost  at Mrs. Merkley's.  P.O. Box 21.4.  WILL1.U & JOI  _T (MeOill)  Sandon  XSOX.  Mining Engineers  & Anaiy-Ohemists  Slocan Citv.        -      -  MOTELtS OF KOOTENLRY  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  ASSAYE^S OF B. G.  JJOWARD WEST,  Assoc. U S M, Loudon, Kiif."  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST.  ' & ASSAYER.  ions  )ALL ON,  HAM & CEAWT0ED.  SIXTH STREET,        -       - -        -       -'.--'     NEW-DENVER.  ���'/^"Prices are right and Goods Always Fresh.  i  NEW DENVER,   B.  n  ''Oh,.my daughter!    You should  not  lie frightened and run  from  the goat.  Don't   you   know   you are a Christian  Scientist?''  ���_ . ''But,   Mamma,  the billv-goat doirt  J^,,,., , jeneral. Young had  not come up in i know it," isxcitedlv answered the little  Lmon Jack and Old Glory together,   the nick of time   wifch   his bellows .girl of six.  and hope that we will never have to  Havana.  TIIKY    WON'T    IH>    IT  from Slocan City the day would have  tear them  apart,   even  after all the) been lost>     The  Dons retreated  en  bull-fighters  are  spitting cotton  in masse   wnen   the bellows   lio\  Hades, and the breeze plays with the; sj0-ht  Star   and Stripes as it flutters over j   "Thc   contingent   from   Kaslo  has  stood   the campaign   in   the   fever  tainted ozone of Cuba better than any    ! other body of men.    No wonder, thev  The Idaho State Tribune is anxious I belong to a town where two daily  to see the fighting done by those [ papers and a Comique make the  whom a war benefits the most. It j terrors of war seem like a summer  treats   the   subject   vigorously   and j picnic.  strikes the drill  in the center as fol- j     At the battle of Red  Pepper many  ]ows . | Kootenay soldiers fought nobly.    In  "Let the bankers, bond-buyers and j the thickest of the fight they raised  stock speculators enlist and fight thei the duty on lead, and shut the Cas-  Spaniards. These are the people j t-iian gentlemen out of the market,  who will benefit by the war. The Victorv often him?es 0n a stiff raise,  wheat, pork and beef speculators will .        **���  make    fortunes  in   the   next   few      A late arrival from  Havana states  months.    The shylocks, bankers and j that the Done have offered  Mann tl  The latest in hats at Hoben's.  Golf can positively be traced ii Scot-  in i tish history to 1457, and it is'believed to  have been played much earlier than that  date.  New  Latest novelties  in Dress Goods for  m/w Spring and Sum-  ^ merwear; ready-  f-^ * made     Clothing,  Goods, %*��%> fCk  and Shoes ��� the  most complete stock in the lake section���at prices as low as it is possible  to make them. We invite your inspection. Look into our show- window.  We are displaying a fine line of  novelties.  McLach/an <5t McKay,  New Denver.  Properties   examined    ;md   reported  on  for   in  tending purcli.-i.-vrs.  As.say ollice iind Chemiciil   Laboratory.  Hello-  vue nve, Xew Denver. BC  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  D  R. A. S. MARS  .Aj.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Provides ample and pleasant accommodation for the traveling public.  Telegrams  for rooms promptly attended to.  STEGE & AVISON,       -       -       -       -       -       -       -       Proprietors.  Travelers  Will Iind (lie  Graduate of Ainerican College of Dental Surj  Chicago  MUCK  FOR   SALE.  :ery  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant pl;u*e to stop at wln'.n in  Slocan City.  108 Bishopsgate St.  Iwii.hin]  The  British L0ND0N'ENG-  Subser" "       "' '"  ~  Columbia  Review  Subscription, iSi.H) per annum  To   Brokers,   Mining-  Engineers, owners of  Mining claims, Mining  Engineers, Assayers,  .Tourualists and others:���  GETHIXG- & HENDERSON, I'ronrietors.  JOHN   GOETTSCHE,  NEW DENVER.  A.  DRISCOL  C. K..  f ominion & Provincial  Lacd Surveyor.  Sloean Citv  B.C..  W.F Jeetzel & Co,  DRUGGISTS. Nelson, B.C.  Advertise in the   B.  only   vt>presentiitive    U.  I5tt,'��1"     A Good Investment  . lt��view.    The  C   Journal   in  DR. MILLOY,  Rooms in Reco Hotel, Sandon. Fifth Year,  THE LELXJrE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MAY 12, 1898.  The Sr-eat NOr-ih-WeSt  Edmonton.���To those who never saw  a pack train a few words of explanation  may prove interesting. The pack horse  has upon his back a pack-saddle. This  is a saddle of felt, surmounted by a  wooden structure, resembling a sawhorse  in form. It sits squarely on the animal's  back, and is adjusted with care, so that  abrasions and sores may not be caused.  The saddle has two cinches or girths,  .Western States fashion. Upon the horns  of this saddle the packer hangs his  parflashes, two large bags,made of dressed deerskin, highly ornamented some of  them, and folding together like an envelope and laced. In these he carries  his blankets, to prevent them from  damp, dust and dirt. Up on top he piles  his dunnage bag, for, like a sailor,  plainsman  makes   his   bug  n  makes   his  go   other   bags  the  his truuk.  Then up go other bags and bundles,  shovels, picks, pans and grub in portable  shape, until only the head and tail of  the animal can he seen sticking out from  the load. Over all goes a tarpaulin, and  the whole is made firm with the diamond  hitch, a'peculiar  fastening with a rope,  which prevents the   load  from slipping  off or turning round  under the belly of  the   animal.    It  requires some skill   to  make the diamond .hitch,  and the trick  cannot be learned by merely looking on.  All packers who know tneir business are  familiar with  this  cross hitch of a rope,  and it is the only one which'is completely secure.   The packer   is-usually well  mounted.   He  rides in western fashion  ���the long stirrup.    He has on a pair of  high-heeled top boots.   These boots are  not comfortable to walk in.   They give a  man a mincing gait, and when a cowboy  ��� get off his horse he  walks very  much  as a gill does when she dons her slippers  ��� with' the French  high  heels.   The boot  is a  riding boot, and tlie  heel is  made  high to give the foot purchase   against  the bar of the stirrup,  for the western  man rides with the hollow of his foot in  tiie middle   of   the   stirrup.   He  wears  over his trousers a pair of leathern overalls, usually fringed with leather down  their outer seams.   These overalls reach  well up on the hips,   have no seat, and  are   fastenened   around the waist by  a  leather belt, in which  their upper ends  are wove.   The are called snaps.   The  plainsman   likes   to display, a  fringed  buckskin jacket,  with an ornate  vest,  if he be a dandy.    Beautiful articles in  buckskin   can  be got in Calgary, where  *he manufacture of fine clothing in this  material, especially underclothing, is an  industry destined to   make   that   place  famous.   The toilet of the plainsman is  uot complete without a broad-brimmed  felt hat, the sombrero   of  the  Mexican  vaquero, the Stetson. Not all broad-  brimmed felt hats are Stetsons, and to  have one of the proper brand shows one  to be u man of substance. They are  made in Chicago, I think, and in the  south-west I have seen them with silver  bands, silver bells around the edge, and  otherwise embellished, so that their intrinsic value would be great. But the  nOrthmen do not imitate the bizzare  Mexican in ornamental headgear.  The packer saddles his train, and  draws the cinches till the animals grunt.  Me hoists up from 150 to 200 pounds on  each buck, preferably the less amount if  he can manage it, for he knows the  benefits of a light load in a long march.  Then he ties all the animals head to tail,  ties himself in the lead, and inarches  gaily out of town. When well out on  the trail he frees the train, puts a hell  on the leader, and away they go like  little men. When night comes he unpacks them, puts hobbles on the fore  legs, and turns them loose to graze. This  . is the record of each day. Electricity  may have driven the horse into obscurity in the east, but hereabouts he still  feels his place as patient, long-suffering  and faithful companion of man, but  caresses and sweatmeats do not enter  into his existence.  To meet the demand for horsepower  to keep the Yukon migratory force iii  motion, an enterprising dealer has  brought in about 100 burros, as tlie  donkey is called on the l.'acitic slope.  They are conlined in a neighboring corral, and crowds come up daily to see the  breaking in process. They are long-  eared, long-headed, shaggy, but clean  and small limbed little fellows, ami  when roused from reverie by the unsympathetic ropers they are extremely lively. They kick and bite and scream with  rage when being hauled  stake; but once the pack-saddle is J ed Stetson.with the back lash that riders  securely fixed, they return to meditation j affect, and the latest in Yukon garb, he  without further protest.    They have not   is a striking ligure on the street, and he  and at things in  general.    Sailors cooped up in a ship  manifest the same  propensity   to    quarrel,' so     experienced  captains keep them working all the time  at needless tasks, so that their ill-nature  is kept under.  The only tasks which fell  to Avonmore's party, and these not compulsory, were keeping camp and breaking impossible dogs to harness.   Neither  of these did they do well.   One of the  party died at  Victora, whither he went  on business of  the expedition,  and two  members  returned   to  England.    Lord  Avonmore had an  altercation   with his  secretary, in which  an  axe figured, and  the authorities took hold of his lordship.  The latter then took proceedings against  his secretary for unauthorized use of the  Avonmore cheque book.    These unseemly differences were righted, however,and  the party kept together, but his lordship  was deposed  from  command, and it is  creditable to him   that  he accepted  a  secondary position without protest.   The  party   got   away in pretty good shape,  and it is likely that the lesson  learned  here will be remembered.    Champagne  is a very good wine in its place,  but it is  a poor preparation   upon   which to train  for the Yukon.    His lordship's party are  said to have had  70 cases of it to cheer  them up while here.    A lot of it,   which  had frozen, was sold to the  highest bidder, who made a bad bargain, for thawed out champagne is not sought after by  wine men.    There was much regret  felt  for the dissension,  which  almost broke  up this expedition, and everyone here is  pleased to hear  that Avonmore and his  companions   will   get  to the Yukon  in  good time and good condition.  Another party of Englishmen, who  made this a stopping place, quarrelled  over their supplies, and the law was appealed to to settle the difficulty, but  there was no more cohesion in that expedition. It is not the large party with  ample means that fares the best evidently, but the small ones, numbering four  or six,who have more pluck than means.  They outfit here at small cost; have no  frills about them, and goon their way  meaning business. The inexperienced  rich, mostly old countrymen load themselves down with stuff which they throw  away as useless before they reach the  mountains. It would be easy for a man  frequenting the trails to pick up enough  to start a store. There ia a suggestion for  some enterpring person looking around  for an opening.  This is not a drinking town, as many  of the mining towns are.    I have been in  places where most of the buildings were  occupied as saloons, which kept open all  night with never failing custom,but here  the people are more sensible.    There are  half a dozen hotels here, but no saloons,  and the hotels do not live on their bar  trade.   Men from the east do not drink  so much as western men, and they drink  less now than formerly.    I was surprised  to meet many young men  from Ontario  on the way out, who were not only temperance men, but  prohibitionists,  and  there  were   many warm discussions  on  the subject on  the train.    This town  is  crowded to   its   utmost  capacity, with  men coining, but I have seen no drinking bouts and no drunken   men, and the  town constable has little to do.    Captain  Nares, on his Arctic expedition,   proved  that alcohol had no value as a stimulant  in high   latitudes,   and   if   the old gold  hunters I met here were  not  informed  as to his deductions,   they   bear out the  truth of them   by  leaving  strong liquor  out of their supplies.    Ic is just as hard  to pack   liquor as it is to pack flour or  pork, and far less   profitable.   Men set-,  ting out on   the  long   inarch northward  take only  the   necessaries   with   them.  As the athlete  prepares  for  the contest  | by casting aside everything which might  ! impede, ho   tlie   intelligent  reject ever}7-1  J tiling which   i.s   not. of  prime  utility or j  likely to encumber. j  There are about 40 Hamiltonians here. !  They have evidently as high an opinion j  of the Edmonton route as the Chicagoans j  have. The latest addition to tlie I lamil- j  Ionian colony is Mr. A. D. Stewart, latej  Mayor of the city by the Mountain. He j  is in advance of a party made up of A. !  T. Duncan, Frank Black, W. J, Skynner, !  .lames Irvine, (.'. W. Cresswell and Wal-'  ter Tallhian, who are coming on to join;  him here. They are going by the Mac-i  kenzie, not to Dawson City, but to Fort:  .McPherson, where they will branch off j  to something good. They will go from!  Athabaska Landing in York boats and |  canoes, and they will carry with them !  supplies for two years. The stalwart ex-j  Mayor never looked better in his life  Under a nicely pois-  party will make their objective point  without much difficult}', and as there  are experienced men in the number he  is hopeful of the best results. The more  he hears about the Edmonton route, the  stronger grows his belief that it will  ultimately become the accepted all-Canadian route to the gold fields.  There passed through  here the other  day a most interesting person, Mr. J. E.  Camsell,   chief   factor of  the Hudson's  Bay Company at Fort Simpson, which is  situated on the MacKenzie river, at the  junction  of the  Liard,  many hundred  miles   north   of   here, by  water.     Mr.  Camsell has been in  the company's service for 45  years,  and  has always been  stationed in the far northwest.    Short in.  stature and slight in  build, one would  not think   of associating him  with the  arduous life of a   Hudson's Bay trader,  yet there are few points  in the north he  has not visited,  few   trails   he  has not  packed over, few streams he is not familiar with.    This is the  first  time he lias  been out at the front in seven years, and  the object of his journey is to confer with  the   commissioner   of   the company at  AViunipeg, whither he has gone.    While  here he spent a couple  of hours in the  office of Mr. Frasar Tims, representative  of Victoria in the Territorial Parliament,  and deeply impressed  those who heard  him express his opinions of the richness  of the northern  districts.    Mr.  Camsell  is strongly   in   favor of tlie Mackenzie  river route to the gold  fields, as it offers  few obstructions to the transportation of  supplies.    He discourages  those who regard tlie Liard as easy of ascent.   Except  in  winter,   when   the ice  is strong, the  Hell Gate Rapids in  the stream present  an   insuperable    obstacle   to   trackers.  Down  the   Mackenzie to  the Peel, and  thence to the Porcupine,   or to the head  waters of the Peel, and  thence across to  the   Stewart   or  McMillan is  what Mr.  Camsell advises as the most expeditious  ways to the Yukon,the richness of which  and tributary  streams he fully believes.  That the Liard  is gold  bearing he gave  tangible   evidence.     He    displayed   a  valuable watch,   the  beautiful cases of  which were made of gold  washed from  the Liard near its mouth, and he told an  interesting story.    In 1895 he sent a man  named Irving to Toad river  to establish  a post for the company.    Irving  put up  a building there, and  built the chimney  of mud   taken   from   the   banks of the  river.    When the mud  had   been burnt  dry specks and threads of gold could be  seen   on   the breast land   sides   of the.  chimney.    Mr. Camsell is not known as  a romancer,and this report of his verifies  others from the same locality.    Several  parties are now on the Liard, and  more  are likely to attempt the stream as soon  as tho ice breaks.  Mr. M. C. Larson, who washed bars on  the Liard in 1873, who came to town a  few days before Mr. Camsell, also says  there is paying ground on that river.  He is on his way back to the Upper  Liard, confident that he will strike luck  again. When he visited the region before, lie and others, went by the Stikine,  thence by Dease lake and river, whence  they packeditheir supplies on their backs  to the Liard. Lack of food and the impossibility of replenishing their stock  caused Mr. Larson and his companions  to abandon the diggings.���T. A. Gkegg  in Toronto Telegram.  KISSES.  Some time ago London Tid-Bits offered a prize for the best definition of a  kiss. Seven thousand answers were  received. The prize was awarded to  the following:  An insipid and tasteless morsel,which  becomes delicious and delectable in proportion as it is flavored with love.  Appended is a selection from some of  the best definitions submitted:  What the chimney-sweeper imprinted  on the rosy lips of the scullery maid  when she told him she favored his soot.  The sweetest fruit on the tree of love.  The oftener plucked the more abundant j  tt grows. j  A tiling of use to no one, but much  prized by two.  The baby's right,  lege,   the "parent's  hypocrite's mask.  That   which  you cannot  out takin  giving.  The good by which the flame of love  is fed. The flag of truce in tlie potty  wars of courtship and marriage.  The acme of agony to a bashful man.  Nothing, divided between'two.  The only really agreeable two-faced  action under the sun, or on the moon  either.  The lover's flag of truce-'after a quarrel. Love's happiest expression, and  sorrow's tenderest balm.  That in which two heads are better  than one.  I'm just two and two. I am-warm, I  a-in coid, and the parent of numbers  that cannot be told; 1 am -.lawful���unlawful��� a duty, a fault; I am often sold  dear���good for nothing when bought.  An extraordinary boon, and a matter  of course, and yielded with pleasure  when taken by force.  The best in hats at Hoben's.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Willa Mineral Claim.  Situate hi the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay district. Where located: Joins  Little Daisy, on Eight Mile creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Gcorcc Ludlow Esta-  1 brooks, as a ���rent for The Willow Gold Mining  Company, Foreign, free miner's certiiicate Xo.  K-1,882, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of \ Qtn.��� _ rt;Z,"  improvements, for the nurnose of obtaining- a i SiOCan ^jC3r-  Crown grant of the above, claim  Rosebery  i    The northern connecting point of  j the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Kosebery  Has the only safe harbor north of  And further take notice that action, under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated thislKth dav of April, 18!)S.  G.L. EST A BROOKS.  Rosebery  Noonday,    Grey   Eagle  ���July Mineral  and     Fourth  Claims.  of  the lover's  privi-  benison,   and   the  give with  and cannot take without  Situate in the Slocan  Mining ��� Division of West  Kootenay District.    Where  located:   On  the  east slope of the Valley of Cody Creek, about  three miles from Cody.  'PAKE NOTICE that I. J.  IT.  Gray, acting as  ��    agent for Byron X.  White   free miner's certificate Xo. 7-l,2(;:i, intend, sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certiiicate of  improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claims.  And further take "notice that action under See.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 8th dav of September. ltt)7.  Ituby Trust, Kentucky Girl,   Blue refer  Fraction and Isabel  Fraction.  | It is at Rosebery where the beanti-  ! ful Slocan steamer ties up over night  j and where the employees can bring*  i their families.  Rosebery  j Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  |      Rosebery  j Men are now grading and clearing  ! the townsite, and several building?  I are about to be erected.  Rosebery  Mines (British Co- j Is destined to be the distributing cen-  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVest i  Kootenay District. Where located: On Fen- !  nell Creek, u branch of Four Mile creek. i  'PAKE NOTICE that I,Charles S. Rashdall. ��*.  1   agent for The Comstock  lumlmi) Limited,  fee miner's  certiiicate  Xo. ; f.np fnr flip K*nr>nn  rail a. intend, (JO days from date hereof, to apply to !     *" 1U1  w'^'OCdn.  the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improve- I  inents for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant i  of the above claims. j  And,    further   take    notice,   that  action I  under  section   37, must   be   commenced j Will become the great Concentrating  before the issuance of such  certificate of Im-   /-��,.��� ���x ,v     oi i        ��� -u      j  provements. j City of the Slocan, having abundance  Dated thi* iot.li, day of March i8!)s_.      ; 0f water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  CHARLES S. RASHDALL.  Kaslo Mineral Claim. j �����-* �����  j      Rosebery  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West ] ��� *' .  Kootenay District. Where located: About 1 Terms   A-ftash'*  bfllnnep tbrpM and siv  one mile eas: of Cody on  the south fork of j ���      " ' t '   Da,lance IDlee ana Slx  Carpenter Creek.  'I'AKE NOTICE that 1,  lEa-itaJEtt fenMiXiixM mjjum-.  EDUCATION  LOOKINd    FOB    COPl'KB.  Dead wood, S.D.���Persistent inquiries  are being made, mostly by eastern capitalists, for copper  and "lead prospects in  the Black Hills.    The former metal  has  taken a very decided  rise in price owing  to an increase in the demand.  There are  several districts in tlie  Hills where both  lead and copper are  found.    Some very  good prospects have recently been opened up near Nemo,  on  Box Elder creek,  and on Bogus Jim creek.    The poisoned  Ox mine at Pactola  has several well-defined   veins  of the   metal exposed.    On  Prairie creek  and  near Sheridan and in  the Potsdam sandstones,  six miles west  of Fairburn,  are   numerous  outcrops.of'  copper ore.    Lead is rearely found in its!  native state,but is invariably found with i  some other metal.    One of  the few lead)  mines that has  been   worked to any ex-!  tent is the Spokane,   near Custer, under [  the  management of  S. E. Young.    Tlie;  copper districts  have  not been asthor-j  o'ughly prospected as those bearing gold,  and hence the copper formations are not  as generally understood.    Capital invariably seeks a gold   proposition, and as a  result, gold mining, has become as much  of a-certain business as fanning or stock!  raising.   It is understood that some eastern parties are negotiating for some cop-1  per mines in Custer county,  also in   the!  western part of Pennington county. j  NOTICE is hereby given that the annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the Public Schools ot the  Province will be held as follows, commencing on  Monday, luly 4th, 18!)8, at 8:15 a. m.:���  Victoria In South Park School Building.  Vancouver ..In High School Building.  Kamioops ...In Public School Building.  Each .applicant must forward a notice, thirty  days before the examination, stating the class  and grade of certiiicate for which he will he a  candidate, the optional subjects selected, and at  which of the above-named places he will attend.  Every notice of intention to be an applicant  must be accompanied with satisfactory testimonial of moral character.  Candidates are notified that all of the above requirements must be fulfilled before their applications can be filed.  All candidates for First Class, Grade A,eer-  tificatas, including Graduates, must attend in  Victoria to take the subjects prescribed for July  H.'lr.h, and 11th instants, and undergo required oral  examination. ' ,  S. D. POPE,  Superintendent of Education.  Education Office,  Victoria, May.4th,lS!i8.  NOTICE.  , W. D. McKay, acting  as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's  certiiicate No. 97531 and John S. Parker, free  miner's certificate No. 77730, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificare of improvements for the  piiriw.se. of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of .January, 1S0S.   Oro Mineral Claim.  Situated   fn   the Slocan  Mining Division   of  West Kootenay District.    Where located:  About one mile east of Cody on the south  fork of Carpenter Creek  TAKE NOTICE that I, W. D.  McKay, acting  1   as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's cer  ficate No. 97531, and John S. Parker, free miner's  certificate No. 77,739, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that; action under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day ot January, 189S   Alma No. 8 Mineral Claim.  In the matter of the assignment for the benefit of  creditors of James Delaney, of the. Town of  NewDenver. in the county cf Kootenay,  B. C.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I. W.D. McKay, acting  1 as agent for D. E. Sprague, iree miner's certificate No. 07531, and John S Parker, free  miner's certificate Nc. 77739, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate ol improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, 1898,  NOTiCE.  der.signed  purchase  fpllowing prop-  Ill.) to the tying! than he does now.  been tried in the north country this side  the rockies, and the experiment will be  watched with much interest. They  played an important part in the early  days of prospecting in California, and if  they prove as useful here, they will find  a steady market, for in some respects !  they are preferable to horses, being I  easier managed and easier kept. j  Reports  come   from   the Peace River j  trail   that Lord  Avoniuore's   party was  well up on Little Slave lake three weeks  ago, going strong and  making gratifying  prog) ess.   This  news  gives much satis-j  faction   here,   where     the     trials   and j  troubles   of   the   party   aroused   mtichj  sympathy.    Lord   Avonmore   had   had!  considerable experiance in the gold diggings of Australia,  and  had travelled a  great deal  in  that country prospecting  When   stories   of   the   richness   of  the  Yukon began to  find their way out,   he  decided   to   go   there  and try his luck,  more from   a   desire of  adventure than  with   hope of gain.   So he organized  a  party of  sturdy  young Englishmen  to  acccompany him. and late last year they  set out from England, deeming it a wise  move to winter at Edmonton, in order to  become   acclimatized,    and   to be  in  a  favorable position to make a dash northward   early   in  the season.    Better   for  them if they had stayed in England during   the winter   and   not   begun  their  journey until spring. Arriving here they  went into camp near the Hudson's Bay  store, with nothing to do, and time hanging   heavy   on   their hands; with   few  amusements, and deprived  of the comforts  which most   of   them   must have  known at home, it is not surprising that  the  slow  moving   winter   made severe  calls upon itheir stock  of patience, and  that   contention    should   arise   among  them.    Coop a party of  active men in a  camp with  nothing  for them to do, and  they soon begin to growl at one another,  Spring stock of Hats,  Feathers,  Veil-j  ing, Oliei'fon's and other goods for ladies,  just received at Mrs. Merkley's. I   i  A horse will live '25 days without food. j  merely drinking- water. j  TEXDERS will be received by the urn  -*-    to the first day of June, 1898, for the  of the whole or any part, of tin  erties, viz:  First���In McGillivray's addition  to the Town  of New Denver:  Lots 13, 11, 15, li!, 19 and 20 in Block 20;  Lots 5, ii, 7, S, 25, 2ii. 21 and 28 in Block 17:  Lots0, io. 13. It. 15,10,17 and 18 in Block31:  Lots 5. 0. 7, s. 15. iii, 17.  18.19, a;i. 25 and 20  in Block.13;  Lots 1, 2. 17. 18. 21. 22, -f.inwl 21 in Block -Hi:  Lots 15. IU and 17 in 5n;  id. j  original townsite of New Denver, with im-1  .   provements.   consisting   of  a   hotel   of -lu 1  . rooms, known as the  --Central   Hotel." and j  also the furniture fixtures and chattels used I  iu or about tho said premises, a. list of which j  mav be seen at said hotel. i  i  The lowest 01 anv tender not noccssarilv ae-j  i'i-pte'd.      ��� " !  Dated at Rossland. li. C. the 23d. dav of April j  isos.       - . . i  LEE COOMBS. Trustee.  OIXTV DATS arter date I. the undersigned, in- '  O tend to applv to the Chief Commissioner of j  Lands and Works. Victoria. B. C, for permis-:  sion to purchase the following lands, described i  as being about seven miles froin tile mouth of !  Kuskanook creek, a stake being placed about !  three hundred and fifty feet north of creek, and  marked, "northwest corner. March Ihe 7. 1808" : ,  running thence forty chains south, thence forty :  chains east, thence forty chains north, thence i  forty chains west to place of commencement ; j  one hundred and sixty acres inure or less, situated  i in West Kootenav district.  I " I). J. DAR-RAUGM.  I     Nakusp, B. C. March 7. 1808.  Lots -'1 and 22 in Block 55:  Lots 3, 1,5, ii, 13. ll. 15 and in in  Block us  Lots l,->. ::.   1. 5. 17, 18. 21. 2:1  Block (��.",:  and 21  And all the  lots,  comprised  in  75'and SI.  Blocks,  Skcoxii��� Also lots 0 and  in  in Bl  )cl< 5 of  A XI) SOO-l'ACIKlf". LINK.  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agent  INTERNATIONAL      NAVIGATION  &TRADINOCO.,  LTD.  KOOTENAV LAKE  AND RIVER.  Summer Card.   Effective March 15, 1898.  SS.   INTERNATIONAL.  South bound. North bound.  Read down Read up.  Sandon  I Train lvs daily, 1:00 pin    10.50 am trai.i ar daily  I Kaslo  !    "      ar      "     3:15 pin      8:00 am    ''     lvs    "  Boat lvs daily Boat ar daily-  except Sunday..5:45am      8:10pm..except Simdy-  A.insworth  "       ..6:45 am       7:10 pm..  Pilot Bay  "       "       ..7:15 am       0:30 pin..       ,;       '���  Balfour  '���      "       '..7:15 am      0:00 pin..       ������      '���  Five Mile Point  "   . ������'       ..0:00am      5:10 pm..       >'  Nelson  "       "       ..0:15 am       4:45pm..        ���'    .   "  Train ar daily Northport Train lv daily  except Sunday 12:58 pm      1:00 pm..except Sun.  Rossland  "      "       ..2:50pm      12:00 m..       "      "  Spokane  ..0:10 pm      8:00 am..       "      ;'  SS. ALBERTA.  Sandon  I Train lv daily. .1.00 pm      10.50amTrain ar daily  Kaslo  !      "     ar daily..:i.t5 rm       8.00am    "    lv daily  Boat Iv Tues. Boat ar Mon.  and Saturday..5.00 pm      1 00 am..and Tuesday  Ainsworth  "        "       ..0.20 pm       11.40 pm  Pilot Bay  '���      "       ..7.00 pm       11.00 pm  Kuskonook  .10,110 pin      8.00 pm..Sun. & Wed.  Goat: River  '���    12.00 night      1: im pin       "  Boundary  Wed. & Sun. .. 1.00 am      5.00 pm  Bonner's Feriv  ���'       '���   ar. .8.00 am       2.00 pm h   Train Iv "      .11.40 am       1.15 pm train ar ���'   "  Spokane  '���       ���' ..2.15 am        7.00 am    "      lv  Meal.s and Berths not included.  Passengers on SS. Intemauoiial from Nelson.  Spokane, etc., for points on Kootenav lake south  of P'lot. Bav, will connect at that point with the  SS. Alberta.  Passengers for Nelson via SS. Alberta, from  points south of Pilot Bay. can, by airaugeinent  with purser, ha ve stop-over at Pilot Bay or Ainsworth. or connect with SS. Intcrna'tional at  Kaslo!  The comiiany's steamers connect Kootenay  Lakcand Sloca'n points with all points inthe  l"nited. States and Canada, by way of Spokane  and Kootenay river.  Tickets s . 1 < 1 and baggage checked to all points  by pursers on steamers or at our office.  GEdKUH   ALKXANDER, Gen'l Mgr '  I'. O. Box 122. Kaslo, B.C.  ' SnoMe Falls k Irtta  NOTICE.  looks fit for any toil his contemplated  joiirne}' may entail. Mr. Stewart wtis  out here in 'So, during the half-hreed  trouble, and he is familiar with this part  of the country.    He is confident that the.  WANTED Teachers and other bright men  for vacation nv permanently to solicit for  "Canada: An Encyclopa-dia of the Coiintn ." in  five royal ,piarto volumes. No delivering: eoi..-  missioii paid weeklv.  THK LLXSCOTT Pl'BLlSHING CO..  TOKOXTO.  TWO MONTHS  after  date  J.    application   to purchase  (.'lose connections ami 110 trouble.  Through tickets issued  and Bagi  to destination. '  ^/��^^1&%s&��s%s%s%s% y% /%y%y^m^/��/%y%y��^  l  intend  to make I  from the Commissioner    of   Lands   and    Works   the    following!  described parcel of land,  viz:    Beginning at- a j  post planted along side S.  Walker's northwest |  corner post and  running  north   forty   chains. | "T"/^v|  IDIOT  thence east  eighty   chains,  then:e south forty j    I  vJUrilO  I  chains, thence west eighty chains to the point of  commencement; shunter! on the Columbia river  narrows, in the Kootenay  district;   three hundred and twenty acres.  ELLEN .McDOl'CALI).  Nakusp. B. C. March 11, 1808.  SHORTEST  AND  QUICKEST  ROUTE  Klondike  and the Yukon,  ���I'O A I.I.    KASTEKV    .\ X I >  Ht'ltOI'lCA.V  I-HIXTS.  TO  I'ACIFIC COAST.  -.I.WAX,   CHINA    AXI>  ATS II! ALIA.  Turin-: men and activk  .MIN'IXli  MSTIflCT.S aV  ���licclied  NEW  CAR  SERVICE  DAILY TOST. PAUL.  DAILY   (KXCKI'T TCKSpAVl  TO E A ST E n N ( - A X A I.) 1 A X  ash I'. S. POINTS.  XOTICK    Ol  ASSKiNMKM'  New Denver,  Has been re-opened under new management. The Dining Room will  always be up to the market, while  the bar will contain liquors and  cigars that cannot be  quality and flavor in  Old and new patrons  hotel just like home.  JACOBSON & CO.  li  surpassed for  the   Sloean.  will  find this  j  pUKSb'ANT to the Creditor's Trust Deeds Acl. I  1 1      notice is hereby given  that  Nestorius An-!  i griguou  and   .J.   Eahnond   Angrignon,  both  of!  j New Denver, West Kootenay. British Columbia, J  > iriidhig as Angrignon  Brothers, Hotel Keepers,'  ! at Ihe St. James Hotel, New Denver. B. C, have  j iu I'lirsuanceof the Creditor's Trust Deeds Act,  made an assignment to A.   E.  Fauquier of New  Denver,   Province of British  Columbia,  for the  general benefit of their creditors, all of their real  and personal property.    The deed of assignm nt  was dated April-1th, 1S!I8, and was executed by  the debtors, Nestorius Angrignon and J. Edmond  Angrignon, and also by the trustee. A. E. Fauquier, on the 1th day of April, A . D. 18!i8.  All creditors arc to send by post on or before  April 2l)th. 1��!I8, prepaid, to the undersigned, their  names and addresses, and full particulars of  their claims, duly verified by affidavit or declaration and particulars of any security Jield by  them.  A meeting of the creditors will he held at the  St. James Hotel at New Denver, B. C, on April  1H. 1808. at the hour of 2:.Ti p. m.  Dated at New Denver, B. C this .".th dav of  April, A. 1). 18!iR.  A. E. FA L'QU IER. Trustee.  Train leaves New Denver Canyon Siding daily  at SMfi a. in. Train  arrives  a 1   Saw Denver  Canyon Siding at .-):"><) p 111.  Boal connection dailv (except Sunday) via  Roseliery: Leaves New Denver at s.:s.r>" n. in;  arrives at. New Denver al I p. in.  Ascertain   preset    REDUCED   RATES  and   lull   information   by   addressing    nearest  local agent- or���  ft. B. <iAKKKTT, Agent New Denver.  YV. F.  Anderson,  Trav.   Pass.  Agt.. Nelson.  E. .1. Coyle, DiM. Pass. Agt., Vancouver.  '����������-A.I1 sensible people  travel  via C. P. Itv anil  Soo line.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  Red  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mine"al District of the  Colvilb -Lreservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake  and   Slocan  Points.  Except Sunday.  AlUtlVK.  Daily  Lkavk.'  9:20 a.m.     -  11:45 "  8:00 a.m.  LO&SLOCAN  TIME CARD  NELSON        5:35 p.m  ROSSLAND      2:55    "  SPOKANE      6:40 p.m  Close connection  with Steamers for Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   Kiver and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.  Brandon, B. C,  Application     for      Transfer      of      Mquur  license  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  VTOTICE   is   hereby  I\    date I will apply  given that .71 days from  tn tlie Stipendiary Magistrate of West Kootenay. for a transfer of my  license, to sell liquor at retail in Ihe St. .James'  Hotel, Xew Denver, to Jaeobson & Co.  NESTORIUS ANGKICNON.  New Denver, B. C, May .'.. 18.'i.S.  Leave S 00 A.M  ���'    X Mfi -  ������    <l .1fi ������  "    �� hi "  ������ 10 03 ���'  " 11) IS "  ���' 10 e.S "  A IT.   10 oft '���  ROBT. IRVING-,  Traffic Mngr  GEO.  Kaslo  South For  Sproule's  W hitewafca."  Bear Lake.  McGuigan  Cody Junction  Sandon I  Arrive  :-l .".0 P  ?. 15 '  t 15 '  2 CD '  1 it  1 115 '  1 VI ���  1  00  WANTED  Men and women who can work hardtalkingand  writing six hours daily  for six days a week, nnd  will be content with ten dollars weekly.  Address:  XF.W IDEAS CO.   Toronto.  COPELAND,  Superintendent  railroad and steamship tickets  tc  mints,  apply to  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  For ehea)  and from all  s.  WAITED Young men and woman, or oldei  ones if still voimg in spirit, of undoubted character, good talkers, ambitious and industrious,  can find employment iu ,1 good cause, with ${0  per month and upwards according to ability.  REV. T. S. LtXSCOTT. Toronto.  I Assay Price List:  I Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  $1.50  j Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  i Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Conner (by Electrolysis)  2 00  Gold, Silver. Copjx;r and Lead  -I 00  Gold and Copjier  2550  Silver and Copper   2 60  Gold. Silver and Copper  j��oo  Platinum  5.00  Mercury  2 <)0  Iron or Manganese  2"00  Lime, Magnesium. Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each  2 0O  Bismuth, Tin. v onalt. Nickel. Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each. .".. 4 (��>  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, A ah.  and percentage of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  .  Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th, 1.R95.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer uiul  Ari.-ilvst THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MAY 12, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0ORDS  The following is a complete list of the  saining transactions recorded curing the  veek in the several raining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of New Derive- were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  May .*.���Ripmi, Carpenter. Frank A Wells.  May 1���Creole, opp Mountain Chief, Walter L  Bragg and Frank RadelifTe.  May   c>���Lemolo,    Fennell    creek.     Bruno  Thomas.  Dayman, same. C M .Larsen.  Gezina. same. Bruno Thomas.  Tena. same, C M Larsen.  Delmonte, sani.i. B Thomas.  Emile, same. C M Lai-sen.  Trista, same, same.  Lillimos, same. B Thomas. ;  Sehua Eraetional.same. C M Larsen.  Baby Jean, Four Mile. J A McKinnon. .  Ellis, Three Forks, PW Ellis.  May 7���Keno. Carpenter, Malcolm B Merritt.  Max 9--Agne3, Cody creek, J A Lade,  ' Arthur, Sh con lake,   near New Denver. Nels  Krolin. ,  Dewerv. New Denver, iieo Crawfoid.  Hidden Treasure, Wilson creek. Waller Smith.  Jumbo, Tlnee Forks. John Docksteader.  May 10���Joaquin. Wilson, A J Smith,  Harvest Queen. Three Forks, (J   H Jtfurhead  andKHStien.  Fenehwick Fraction, New Denver, M L Brag-  don, Thos Avison, Henry Sherran and Herman  Clever. ,  AMANIKIXMKNTS.  Al'Itii. 27��� Ego, Idaho Basin, W R Home.  May (!���Red Rose, Cody creek, Wm Callahan:  ASSESSMENTS.  May .'!���Silver Star.  Mat 4���Prince Akxander, May Queen, Elna-  tlian, Abigail.  May fi��� William, Mammoth.  May 7���Northern Pacitic, Soho, Red Cross,  Thistle, Republican.  Mat 9���Silrer Crown, Calleopa, Clarence,  Silver Blossom, Apex, Kaslo, Alma No 2, Oro.  May io���Dora.  CEKTIF1CATK  OK   IMl'ltOVEMKNTS.  May 7���Elkhorn, Humboldt.  THANSFERS.  May 4���Denmark, S Gintzburger to Peter A  McDougall, May 27, '97,  Same i, P A McDougall to Albert Haller, Oct  18  '97.  Baltic, i, Robt Neilson to David Arnot, April 25,  May G���Hartney i, D D McGillivray to Edward  Shannon. April 25. ���_,.������.     .  Bessie }, Herbert H Knox to P W Ellis. Apr 19.  May 7���Viola i, Wm H Todd to Chas BMc-  Cluskey.SeplC. _,.      -  Viola 1. same to John W Switzer, Sept lb.  May 7���Fairhaven *, N F McNaught to Joseph  Brandon, March 1. .      .,   .  Corncracker J, F H Bartlett to same, April 23.  May 9��� Sandow and Lone Star No 3, Shire  Mines, Ltd, to The British Columbia Gold Trust,  Ltd, Feb 14. r ,  Boss of the Mountain J, Henry Fitzgerald to H  D Bretzins, April 11. ,  ��� ^ ���   ^ .  RAM, John Carraher and H D Bretzins to  John McRobbie. May 2, $100. -  Hartney 1, Ed Shannon to John Goettsche,  May 6, $75. ��� ���,���.,,, '  Lorria Doon Fraction, Francis J O'Reilly to M  R W Rathborne and Frank Culver, April 30.  Lady Jane and Derby, Jas M Dunn to Arthur  H Buchanan, Men 22. ���,.���,.'  Adirondack 1/9, Hugh Niven to Wm Hunter,  April 1. .   SLOCAN   CITY    DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  May  5���Violet,  Henry  Sait; Carydon,  J  H  Cary; Cuba Libre, Isadore Beanpre.  May 8��� Edith, Harry Atcheson.  ASSESSMENTS.  Ai'Kir, 20���Panther.  AviitL 30���North Star.  May 3���Lucky George, Innisfail, Beaver, Columbia No 7. Ada, Q B.  May 3���White Sparrow, Creole Canadian  Star, Red Wing, Round O, Missing Link.  TRANSFERS.      .  April 29���Medina Fraction and Brighton, M C  Hillery to Elmer J Felt, 81,000.  April 30���Boisaevain J, Jno O Todd to Edward  Shannon.  Frederick and Copiier Cliff 1, Stephen Powers to  Harry Lowe.  May 4���Bother Fraction, E Parris to Wm  Harris.   AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  May 4���Rocket, Eugene Eyl.  May C���Sunbeam, Frank Heap; Lake  Shore,  John Peterson.  assessments.  May 5���Ccranton, Custer.  ck.ktificate of improvement.  May 3���Earl, Emerson.  transfers.  May 4���Bobtail J, John Wright to Mike Mc-  Manus.  Clerado, same to same.  May 3���Mamofch, Sydney Str.yde to D McCrea.  May 0���Lucky Bob,E R Davies to R A McCrea  Franklin \. Eugene Eyl to Isaac Waldron.  Same, E C Pease to same.  Kingston .',, W Matheson  to J A Mitchell, ��500.  Iron Mask. E C Johnson to P F Johnson.  "Is it a schooner?" he asked..  "No captain," answered the ensign  dreamily. "The froth is at the stern,  not on top.'-'  The captain recognized the importance of the occasion. The officers, sailors and marines formed an appropriate  tableaux: "My men,'' said the captain,  "the enemy is' before us,"' totally unarmed but'desperate! Are you willing-  to take the risk of their capture?"  "Aye, aye, sir." shouted the crew as  one man.'' It was noble patriotism without a suspicion of prize money.  Tlie captain then ordered the red fire  to be Hashed on the tableau and the  chief photographer and sketch artists to  make the most of it. Meanwhile he  consulted hurriedly with his officers as  to the proper course under the circumstances. The question was decided  finally by the A. P. correspondent wlio  pointed but chapter and verse in C'arke-  Russell. "A shot from the cruiser's  liow gun ricocheted in front of the  enemy's cut water. The ship seeing  that flight was useless, hove to."  "Two what?" asked tlie captain with  some pertubatioii.  "Oh," said the A. P. correspondent  with a supercilious smile, i'that's sea  jargon for stopped." ([  ''Well," said the captain, "our course  is clear. It must be the bow gun and  tlie shot must ricochet. Now who've we  got that can do the ricochet trick?"  l,Mesi.i." A tall figure with a long  upper lip and scraggy red Galway stepped forward and saluted the captain.  "You?   And what might vour name  be?"  "It moight bo Maloney. But it ain't.  Oi'm Patrick Mullen, at your service  and Oi've seen action under O'Donovan  Rossa."  "Verv good,Pat,but what other qualifications 'have you? Why shouldn't I  give the honor of the first shot to a native born American?"  "Well, sir,Oi hate a Dago like Oi hate  hell, savin' vour presence."  "I think lie'll do;" said the captain to  his brother officers. "Pat, you may prepare to fire."  Five minutes had barely elapsed  when Mullen reappeared. He was  olothed in a United States flag and  ���wore a necklace of twenty dollar gold  eagles.  ''Oi'm ready to foire," he said calmly,  but a steely glitter was in his eye.  "Very well, Pat," said the captain.  "And now, my men," here he addressed the crew, "we will sing Yankee  Doodle and make a picture. Photographs, to your place! Mullen, to your  gun!   Fire!"  It was all over! The first shot was  fired, although Mullen swore afterward  he was only half shot! The ball  ricocheted beautifully and the Buena  Ventura hove to.  Cigars have risen in price but that  does not affect the Trail Blazer. It is  still obtainable at the old price, and is  always on tap at the St. James.  WASHINGTON'S   ONYX   MINKS.  tors obtain eleven pesos for every sovereign's worth of exports, instead of five  pesos as formerly, while within the country the purchasing power of the peso  remains unaltered. And there is still  plenty of room for expansion in Mexico,  since only about 5 per cent, of her  20,-  i 000,000 of   square kilometres is as  yet  j under cultivation.  I A . WESTERN    SI AN.  A    NAVAL    EIMSOIXK.  The lookout on tho foretop of the  Nashville had seen the Spanish steamer  ' for some time, but he was not sure of  his vocabulary. There it was on the  weatherbow, the black smoke streaking  the horizon! But a steamer was not in  Captain Marryat'skon and Man-vat was  the latest naval authority owned by the  lookout.  "Shiver me timbers!" he muttered as  he turned over the pages of the flying  Dutchman. "This old Stoughton bottle  doesn't say a thing ahout steamer's!  'Here's a sail on the weatherhow,''large  frigate an the starboard beam,' 'square-  rigged craft to lee'ard.' That won't do!  I'll have to chance it, though I hate to  make a bull. Tnere's the Associated  Press correspondent down on the bridge  and he's got the only Clarke-Mussel  novel on the ship. If 1'make a mess of  it lie'll corner me with his book."  The lookout pondered over the difficulty for half an hour. Meanwhile the  strange steamer was growing smaller  on the horizon. Seeing that she would  escape if he continued to hesitate the  gallant tar sang out: "A steamer on  the weatherbow!"  Instantlv the cry echoed fore and aft  and all was excitement. The Associated Press correspondent ran rapidly  through the remainingsix letters of the  naval dictionary. Then he looked  through his glass. Several officers also  looked through glasses. It was not unusual with them Thev had been practising in the cabin. This was to get  their sea leu's, for if a man only looks  through enough glasses the visual effort  ���reacts on his legs and gives him the  proper nautical roll.  The officers gazed through their binoculars. "Yes," said the lieutenant, "it  is a. steamer: Evidently Spanish. I  see one of tlie hands in the longboat  eating ti banana: and the bananas are  essentially Spanish."  "Hadn't we better inform the captain,'' asked the, Annapolic cadet.  "Blow me tight," exclaimed the lieutenant, "but that's a good idea! Sonny,  you'll bean admiral someday!"  " I'rescntlv the captain came on deck.  He was neifectlv cool in spite of a slight  seasickness caused by the presence of  r.o much water.  Spokane, Wash.���Shipments of onyx  from the vast deposits in Stevens county,  this state, are now being made. The  mines are the property of Charles Nordyke and the stone is absolutely unique,  containing it is said, huge blocks qf  every shade of green���a color which is  not even found in the celebrated onyx  quarries of Mexico.  Mr. Nordyke, in speaking of the richness of his quarry, said that if necessary  he could, upon a few days notice, ship  1,000 car loads of the material, and that  the extent of the ledge is so great that  it cannot be exhausted in a century.  Some of the material is valued by him at  $8 a cubic foot and other specimens, he  declares, will bring from $3 to $5 for each  cubic foot. The ledge also contains large  quantities of white and black marble, alabaster and slate.  Mr. Nordyke obtained possession of  the claim two years ago, and tells an interesting story in connection with the  history of the discovery of the valuable  outcroping.  "Two years ago," said Mr. Nordyke,  "I was a law partner, of Judge Wm. J.  Galbraith and we .had an office in the  little mining town of Colville, Wash., in  the Huckleberry mountains. One day  we were sitting in the office and L. E.  Beach entered. Beach informed us that  his wife had deserted him and he was  desirous of obtaining a divorce. He  added that he had no money, but if we  would get him a decree he would give  us a half interest in.an onyx claim he  had located in the mountain. We agreed  and soon after he got his divorce. Later  I purchased Judge Galbraith's interest  in the claim and after organizing a stock  company, started to develop the quarry  with the present results. Since then  the former wife of Beach has married a  man who is a stockholder in the company, yet Beach, the discoverer of this  wonderful ledge, is practically without  funds and occupies a lonely cabin in the  hills."  SILVER    IN    MEXICO.  The London Sunday Special, of March  6th, in its financial columns tells the following truths which will undoubtedly  interest our readers:  The traffic receipts on all the Mexican  railways continue to be most excellent,  and Mexican securities of all kinds are  wonderfully firm in price, though the  whole Stock Exchange seems inclined to  weakness, and the United States on the  one hand, and Cuba on the other, might  fairly lead to the expectation of Mexico  being adversely affected. But the truth  is that Mexico is extraordinarily prospei-  ous, thanks principally (as nearly all  financial writers agree) to her silver  Btandard of currency. In spite of all  temptation from outside to adopt the  gold standard, Mexico sticks to her silver,  and no people in the country "go stronger" for silver than the conservative  bankers, who on the first sign of wavering would at once start a "Silver Standard Defence Association." And silver is  repaying their loyalty tenfold. The  value of the peso, once over 4s., has  fallen to 2od., and under the protection  of this low rate of exchange Mexican industry is forging ahead. Some years ago  there were only six cotton factories in  the whole country; to-day there are 250  and more building. Staple articles,such  as paper, glass, umbrellas, shirts, beer,  and liquors, which used to be imported  from Europe, are now manufactured in  Mexico by the latest and most improved  machinery and appliances. All descrip-  i tions of mining machinery are manu-  i faeture in the State of Chiahuaha, and  ! agriculture is nourishing, for the cultiva-  "Willie," asked the teacher, "how  many days are there in a year?"  '"three hundred and sixty-five and a  fourth," answered Willie.  "How can there be a fourth of a day?"  asked the teacher.  "Whv," replied Willie, ^that's the  Fourth"of July."  Sizes,  and Prices,  at  T. H. Hoben's  It is no inconsiderable achievement  for a young Canadian to come to Ottawa  at the age of 25 years, and in less than  two years develop among his own people the popular- strength which is the  British Columbia Government's only  reason for calling W. W. B. Mclnnes to  its help.  Because he has tried to do right at  Ottawa, regardless of what his leaders  were doing, Mr. Mclnnes has become  strong with the people of British Columbia, and because he is strong with the  people of British Columbia, the Turner  Government wants him as an ally.  On the record of its leaders at Victoria, the Turner Government is a  pretty rank political organization, and  on the record of the British Columbia  Liberals at Ottawa, Mr. Mclnnes excepted, the Liberal party of British  Columbia is decidedly no better Therefore Mr. Mclnnes will.not be to blame  if he decides that he has a good chance  to serve the province by identifying  himself with the Turner Government as  by trying to work anondescriptOpposi-  tion, which looks for its inspiration-to  British Columbia's cringing tribe of  Sifton worshippers at Ottawa.���Toronto  Telegram.     '      .  POINTED   PARAGRAPHS.  The colored girl baby is born to blush  unseen.  New spring and summer styles in hats  at Hoben's.  Whitewashing a man's character does  not wash it white.  When a man marries a mute wife he  takes a silent partner.  College men never graduate in a  hurry; they do it by degrees.  Manyi a good resolution has been shattered by a single "smile."  It is difficult to count the beats in the  heart of a great city.  The judge never sits on the jury, but  he frequently does on the attorney.  It is a wise infant that goes to sleep  when its mother begins to sing to it.  ��� The banana peel is said to be an excellent subsitute for ice���on the sidewalk.  An old bachelor says that marriage is  a permanent injury resulting from falling in love.  History spends half its time in repeating itself and the other half in getting  itself revised.  Some people think three or four times  before speaking once, and then never  say anything worth listening to", v  The Trail Blazer cigar can he smoked in any community with perfect  safety.   Get one at the St. James.  In making a goose, nature required  a lot of quills, but a man can make a  goose of himself with only one quill.  Step 'into the St. James when you  have time and money, gentle reader,  and see what a Trail "Blazer cigar will  do for you.  Call into the St. James, get a Trail  Blazer, and smoke it. If you do so you  will be surprised at the amount of  pleasure a bit will purchase on this  earth.  The Trail Blazer Cigar (assays just as  high in delightful aroma as the Mollie  Hushes mine does in silver and gold.  It is stopping at the St. James.  F. Pyman has again commenced to  do business in New Denver. Bring  your watches to him when they are out  of order. Pyman's new building, Sixth  street.  The Kootenay Belle is a good smoker,  manufactured by the Kootenay Cigar  Co., of Nelson." Cigars of this Company's manufacture are carried by all  dealers in first-class tobaccoes.  Sehor Poloy Bernabe, late Spanish  ambassador to the United States, in an  interview with a reporter at Toronto  ihis week said, "I expected the war  No nation could permit another nation  to interfere in its internal affairs without  dishonor to itself. 1 knew my people  were too proud to submit to the insults  of the United States." Speaking of  American interviewers the Senor remarked, "Ah! those American interviewers! They talk to you or not, as  the case may be, and then they put in  the papers things you never said and  never thought. They have imaginations that are wonderful."  H. H, Knox,  Has remover!to the  Newmarket  Block and is prepared to repair  every description of  Disabled  Watches.  NEW   DENVER,   B. C.  Is now under the management of MRS. J. H. GILLIS.   Meals are served at  all   hours.      The   bedrooms   in  the  house  have been plastered and  refurnished, making this well-known hotel more popular than ever.  Do not miss it when stopping in the Slocan Lake Metropolis.  DO NOT OVERLOOK fhC  9 JL     "J  1^ IL!*w  When in Silverton,   especially if  you have a thirst with you.  The beer is kept on ice, while the whiskey  has that flavor and power so  much appreciated by the traveller when he is weak and weary.  THOMAS CLAIR, Proprietor.  THE  SELKIRK  HOTEL  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  Goods called  for & Delivered  AUNDRY  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly satisfactory service  and solicit your  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice,  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  ^fl-Rates furnished Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dorada Ave.  Specials  in newSuitings  I have lately received a stock of  well-selected, handsome suitings  lor Spring make-up, aud I earnestly invite your inspection of  them. Some excellent (anilities  and patterns, and at especially  low prices���lower than ever put  upon the market in this section  before.  I guarantee a neat, natty fit,  and satisfaction in every particular.       Arc you wanting a Spring  suit?  M. A. WILSON,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Newmarket Blk, New Denver, B. C.  Wholesale and Retail  NEW. DENVER and SILVERTON.  Fresh and Salt Meats  Poultry, Eggs, Etc  SHOPS AT   ALL  IMPORTANT  POINTS IN  KOOTENAY.  FRED J. SaUIRE  Nelson, B C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line of Suitinscs and  Trouserings aJwavs on hand.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C.  In head gear the best is the cheapest.  At Hoben's.  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate j Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B. C.  J.R&B.GameroR  Formerly of Winnipeg.  Purnish Clothing  ���: in the:���  -   Latest Style  ���: of the :���  Tailors    Rpt.  SANDON, B. O  &  WHOLESALE GROCERS  , Agents for B.C. Sugar Refiner v and Royal  City Planing Mills."  Dealers in  Hardware,  Tin   and   Graniteware  Miners' Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOGAN CITY, B.C.  Silverton  Drug  Store-fMIHl'  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R.O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  Slocan  JL Ilu  Best Rooms  Offered to the public of New Denver  are to be found In the  Columbia House  Warm,   quiet   and   hard-flnished   throughout  Board by the day, week or  month,  No Bar in connection.  Sixth St., New Denver  N. C. DINGMAN.  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  New Denyer, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  11  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Mines and  Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  ouse  Nakusp,  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald.  _J

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