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The Ledge Mar 25, 1897

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 Vol  IV. No. 2 6.  NEW DENVER, B. C., MARCH 25,  1897.  Price $2.00 A Year.  BY THE BRINY WATER  The Topic is Always Mines, Mine  and Mines.  BREEZY NEWS FOR NEW DENVER  . Vancouver, March 20���By far the  most importantevent during the week  in mining circles has been the ad-  jounred annual meeting of the Mining  Engineers' Association of British Columbia, which was held in the parlors  of tho Hotel Vancouver, last Saturday  morning. The proceedings were of  an enthusiastic nature, the attendance being large and' unanimous. . J.  F. Bledsoe, formerly of the Nelson  miner, but now an Alberni expert,occupied the chair, ard disposed of the  promptly and satisfactorily. First  came the election of officers for the  ensuing year, resulting as follows:  S. M. Robins,.manager New Westminster Coal Co., President; A. H.  Holdich, ' assayer, Nelson smelter,  vice-president; secretary, G.F. Monck-  ton, M. C, F. G. S.; treasurer, Col.  Tracey; council, Howard West, A. R  S. M..'New Denver, A. J. Colqchoun,  M. E*, R. Campbell-Johnston, W. A.  Carlyle, Government mineralogist,  W.Macgregor, mining Engineer. Vancouver Coal Co.; .Mr."Warner J. Hob-  son, Cariboo Gold Fields Co.,/ and J.  --F. Bledsoe, Alberni. G. R. Maxwell  .M.P., aud Hewitt "Bostock, M.P., were  elected honorary member's.  Many new names were handed in  for membership, these gentlemen being honored with positions on the roll;  A. Dick, inspector of mines: W. Mac  gregor, M. E  rock. This locality is receiving much  attention, as is also Pitt lake. The  rock shipped from Alberni to San  Francisco for expert treatment, lias  given $590 for 14 tons of rock, besides  the usual concentrates. This settles  matters for Vancouver Island, and a  general boom will result tor Alberni  and the West Coast. Phillips Arm  has shown very good samples of late.  In Lillooet the fee.Ung is improving.  Golden Cache is strong at $1.70; an  effort is being made to float a group  of 12 claims close to this for $25,000  as first price. Many locations are being made in deep snow, and the same  applies to Fairview and Boundary  creek. Cariboo hydraulic shares are  stronger and many sales have been  effected. Trail stocks are dormant;  Salmon river, Wild Horse creek .and  Toad Mountain properties are improving ; and the Slocan generally shows  renewed and ever increasing confidence and investment.  Smelter propositions for tin's '.city  are at present in the condition of "As  you was." ���  The Goodenough company has been  registered with  and trustees.  the  original  owners  Nanaimo:   Albert  V.  Hill, M.E., New Westminster; W. J.  R. CowpII, F.G.S., Victoria; R. Maclean, Mactarlane & Co., A. K.Stewart  C. E., H. Croft, Rossland, and the following assayers : H. Wilson, F.  Reichenback'andT. Binnie. A.St.G.  Hamersley and G. W. Willis found  places as associates, while several  students were also enrolled. It was  determined to memorialize the Government to open a mining record  office and create a new district for  Vancouver, owing to the rap'ddevel  opment of the country. From the  general tenor of the meeting it will  not be long before the association is  affiliated withe the Federal Canadian  Mining Institute. Though young in  age the B. C. Association is in a prosperous condition, having a membership of 65. New Denver secured the  coveted honor of being selected as the  next place of meetingfor the Association, which will be held on or about  June 1. G. F. Moncton submitted an  excellent paper upon the recent mineral discoveries on the coast,and this,  in conjunction with the remarks ot  Mr. Bledsoe upon the resources of Al-  berni, gave rise to discussion.  New Denverites will be inteiested  to learn that J. F. Hume, M.P.P., has  secured an order * for a Government  return relative to the sale of lots in  that town. Contrary to statement the  estimates have not "yet been submitted in Parliament.  Mining talk is once more to the  front, the spring fever commencing  to set in. Harrison lake is showing  some surprising assays from recent  discoveries, running slightly ov-er 20  ���ozs.in gold to the ton in free miUir-g  C. F. Yates has been appointed Anglican missionay to Kaslo, Sandon  and New Denver. He may make  the latter place his home and move  his family thither.  The Vancouver Sash & Door Factory  has received an order for the fittings  and flooring of a new hotel for New  Denver, to be erecred bv Gething &  Henderson. The order included 35,-  000 lath, an indication that the .hotel  is to be of a substantial nature. ^-i.The.,  Va.ncoilver concern is to send ftp the  material for the erection of a large  storehouse at Rosebery, wherein .to  place their stock they are sending  up.  The Townsend .Mining Co. held  their initial meeting this week and  endorsed the purchase of the property, which adjoins the Two Friends,  and elected permanent officers. Outsiders are endeavoring to secure' the  Townsend.  leaves.    Assays have gone as high as  300 ounces in silver.  Victoria parties have gazetted a  company to work the Silver Bell and  Hustler claims, formerly under bond  to J. A. Finch. The capital is placed  at $300,000 in 25 cent shares. The  syndicate is composed of J. Bryden,  M. McGregor, J. H. McGregor, T. S.  Gore, B. Williams, A. B. Erskine,W.  E. Oliver, E. E. Blackwood, A. IT.  Haynes,. and D. Stewart.  F. S. Andrews, A. York and A. J.  Andrews of Slocan City, have organised the Silver Hill Mining Co., in  $500,000 of 50 cent shares. The com-  p-iny will work the Silver Hill ard  Old Chum claim's on Lemon creek.  Sandon has another company in  the recently organised '97 Mining &  Milling Co., with $1,000,000 capital.  Their properties are the N. P., Alma  No. 3, -Animon and No. 3. D. Boyd,  J. T. Moore and L. H. Bowman are  the trustees.  THE COUNTY COURT  Holds the First Sitting in New Den.  ver. Yesterday.  THE    DOCKET    A    LIGHT    ONE.  TUNNEIa shaft, dump.  Samuel Deschamps is getting control of the Silver Wave No. 3..  A new pump was put in the Currie  yesterday. The shaft is down 140  feet.  Quite a flurry has been caused by  the.resignation of Henry Abbott from  the superintendency of the Pacific Division of the C. P. R. Increasing age  is the reason for Mr. Abbott's retirement. Messrs. Marpole of Kamloops,  and White of Winnipeg, are the choice  for his successor.  D. McMillan, D. R, McLean and P.  Leclair are the trustees for the recently incorporated Consolidated  Mines Co.. of Sandon, which has a  capital of $1,503,000.  Spokane parties have registered  the Arlington Consolidated Mining &  Smelting Co., with a capital of a million, to develop the Arlington group  on Springer creek.  The Argo and Belt claims in the  Sandon district have been acquired  by the Argo Mines Co., with the usual million dollar backing. Sandon  is the main office and W. K. Leigh-  ton, A. R. Johnston and W. Christie  are the trustees.  The shareholders  of the   Buffalo  Mining Oo. held a meeting in A. A.  Jones'  office,   Hastings  street,   this  week, and elected R. J. Leekie president,  J.   M.   Mackinnon vice-presi-1  dent, C. C Bennett, H. G. Blackwell |  and G. W. Worster, directors, A.   A. j  Jones, secretary and   VV.  T.  Stein, I  auditor. The company's assets are on  Four Mile creek, and  development I  will commence so soon ns the snow ! House is to be re-open.f-d,  F. S. Andrews has bought a 1-6  interest in the Evening Star on  Springer Creek for $500 cash.  The Freddie Lee Mining1 Co.,,. has  transferred to W. S. Gurnee, Jr. of  New York;the Freddie Lee and Om-  ego claims, to liquidate an indebtedness ot $5000:  ''JonhJ': Banfield of Vancouver is  interesting himself in Lemon Creek  properties. He has latel/bought the  Townsend and an interest in the  Black and White Beauty.  Elanor J, Kendall and A. R. Fing-  land have agreed to give Frank A.  Wells $4P00 for-his interest in the  Monitor No. 2. when the suit between  Wells and . Petty in the supreme  court is settled.  The Kokanee Mining Co., has completed its purchase of the Royal  Arthur and Charmer, Lemou Creek  properties lying one mile east of the  Two Friends. Also the Golden Bazaar and Mountain Flower on Ten  Mile.  Frank Wells has not yet won his  case against George Petty for a half  interest in the Monitor, near Three  Forks. The case has been given to  the Chief Justice to decide. His decision will be of great interest to  prospectors.   . The Bolander building now occupied by Mr and Mrs. Matheson as a  bakery and general furnishing store  is to be thoroughly renovated, re-  boarded, painted and papered, and  made into a lodging house, Mr. Matheson having leased the same. The  rooms will be ready for occupancy  by April 15^   A company is making application  to the B. C. Government for permission to take water from Four Mile  Creek. The company want the water  to run an electric plant for lighting  Silverton and other towns within a  radius of twenty miles.  New Goods, Art Squares, Carpets,  Linoleum, Gents' Furnishings, Hats,  boots & Shoes, latest styles at  BOURNE Bros.  . His Honor, Judge Forin,held County Court in New Denver yesterday.  This is the. second time a County  Court has had a session in the Slocan.  The legal profession was represented  by Messrs. Kerr, Alexander, Grimmett  Christie and McKay, while Robert  Thompson acted as registraar.  PALORCIA  VS  HARRIS.  Palorcia charged Harris with unlawful distress of a sewing machine  upon the ground that it was a tool of  trade and not distrainable. Judgment for Harris on the ground that  Palorcia was not the owner of the  machine and his case had no standing in court.    In tl)e course of the  case Judge Forin  made a few remarks about surface rights.    He said  that there might be a question be  tween a mine owner and the Crown  as to the purposes for which the sur-.  face rights could be used, but, amine,  or claim owner had a right to eject  anyone he saw fit from his mineral  location, and could prohibit, if neces-,  sary, people from setting foot on the  property.  GRAHAK VS TERRILL.  I This was an action for wages, Ter-  rill claiming that his bar bill offset  the wages of Graham. The case will  be decided to-day.  In the Court to-day the case of  Harris vs Palorcia will bo heard. It  is a case regarding the ejectment of  Palorcia from ground now occupied  by him at*- Sandon.  FOSTER  VS  SHANNON.;  A suit for wages, will come up today.  Crowley vs Delaney, Angrignon vs  Winter and some other cases will be  discussed in the Small Debts Court  to-dav.  LOCAL   BREVITIES.  It is said that the wagon road is in  the estimates.  Wm. Hunter has returned from his  trip to the tenderfoot country.  An electric tramway from New  Denver to Sandon is in a dream of the  futnre.  Dr. Brouse is making preparations  for the erection of a new hospital  building.  Carlyle's full report on the Slocan  can be obtained by sending 10 cents  to this office  his brother  watch- and  H. H. Knox has taken  into partnership in the  jewel business.  George Williamson has the lumber  on the ground for the erection of a  building opposite the Ledge office.  Mrs. Lombardo, who has been visiting her sister Mrs. Frank Bourne,  will leave for her home in St. Catherines next week.  The dining room of   the Denver  A carload of Sash,   Doors,  Mouldings, etc., at BOURNE BROS.  8UI��-*llWUIlMaMlL**U.ttI-^^ THE   LEDGE.  Fourth Year.  LIXITIATION   OF   SILVER   ORES.  Low grade silver ores containinginsufficient  lead or copper to allow their being smelted, and  too impure for wet milling arc frequently'found.  It would not pay to carry., these to the smelter.  The presence of sulphides, sulpharsenides, or sul-  phantimonides of the base metals, render them ir.  reducible by the amalgamation process1.    Usually  .such ore is submitted to chloridising routing,and  then brought out and treated by amalgamation.  With some ores this is unsatisfactory.'  ' ..The use of sodium hyposulphite as ft solvent of  silver chlorides in ores was proposed by the lata  Dr. Percy iu 1848, and the first trial was made by  Von Patra in 1858.   O. Hoffman introduced the  process atSonora; Mexico, and two or three lixiviation plans constructed by him were in successs  ' 1'ul operation in 1870, and the process was found'  well adapted to the treatment of much of the low  grade ore in North-Western Mexico.   The proces-  is described at length by.'; J. H. Clemes' Ass. M.  Inst. C.;E., in a paper read before t he institution.  In this process the extraction of the silver was effected by converting the silver salts into silver  chloride, which is dissolved in a solution of calcium hyposulphite, from which the silver is precipitated by an alkaline sulphide.   The re-actions  arc carried out (a) by roasting the ore in a mixture  of common salt, (b) leaching the roasted ore with  a dilute solution of calcium hyposulphite, (c) precipitating the silver sulphide from the solution by  the addition of calcium sulphide.    The precipitation of the silver is attended by the regeneration  of the hyposulphite solution; the addition of calcium sulphide to the solution of silver chloride' in  calcium hyposulphate, precipitating with the silver sulphide and free sulphur of simultaneous for.  matioh of calcium hyposulphite.   After the precipitate is settled, the supernatant hypchloride is  drawn off and is used again.  Excepting ores containing considerable galena,  all silver-bearing ores associated with sulphur  - arsenic or antimony are adapted to ��� this process,  and ores low in copper are treated with good results.   The solvent is cheaper than mcrciuy, and  the roasted pulp is more cheapty handled.  The necessary plans for the lixiviation process  .' comprise machinery for breaking and   pnlver-  ^ing the .ores, roasting furnaces, leaching and  precipitating- vats and an aparatus for treating.the  ���    silver precipitatel A  In Mexico a dry.stamp mill is usually employ-,  ed.   The ore is fed into stone breakers and then  drops into ore bins.   It is then passed into the dry  kilns, and thence to the batteries.    The work is'  nyarl.yaall done automatically.   The product of  the mill is tirie* meal, as free as possible from dust,  which would produce slime.    Improved stamp  mills, now produce less dustsn crushing than was  formerly the case.   In some mines rolls are used  in grinding weathered ore which is less refractory  The long reverberatory furnace is used iii Mexico  generally;.brit mechanical furnaces are coming  into use.   The reverberatory furnaces are usually  from 40 to 60 feet long, depending oil the amount  of sulphur in the ore.   Each is divided into several hearths.   .-The'.'hearths' floors are horizontal,  Hint nearest the lire bridge being lowest, and each  about three inches higher, and they are from 10 to  12 ieet wide.   The ore is spread on a cooling boor  where it is moistened, and it is necessary to have  considerable space for the cooling floor.' Leaching is carried out in  circular wooden   vats,  of  which are three tynes, the leaching vat, the precipitating vat and the storage vat.   The leaching  vats act as filters and are provided with false bot-  Toms     They are usually 15 to 25 feet in diameter.  The ore is removed from the leading vat by shovel-  1 ing.   A very important portion of the subsidiary  parts of the plant is the moans employed for elevating and conveying thi solution to "the calcium  hyposulphite.-'��� It attacks brass and gun metal,  but has iro effect oh hard, antimonial lead.   Its  action on the cast iron is sIoav, except where friction is'present as in a pump.   In distributing the  solution no iron pipes are used, but wooden laund  ers connected with the vats by rubber hose.   The  How of the solution is regulated by screw clamps  placed in the hose .     The calcium-sulphide solution has no effect'on iron, and is stored in iron  vessels./ ���  A charge of ore crushed so as to pass through a  sieve of about 30 holes to the inch, to which between three and six per cent, of common salt h-.'s  been addedjis run from this copper into the hearth  of the reverberating furnace furthest from the lire.  The ore remains on this hearth about an hour and  is then advanced to the next/the ore in all the  other hearths being moved on to one nearer the  lire.   The sulphur in the pyrites  ignites  at this  stage and burns with a blue flame, tiie ore being  kept stirred in order to expose Jresh surfaces to  the action of the  hot air.   The burning sulphur  beats the ore to incandescence aud it is then advanced to tiie next hearth.   Sulphurous acid is  here evolved, and chlorination is perceptible.    In  the  next hearth   it is well stirred and in the last  hearth', where it* is next  the  lire,  it greatly   increases iu  volume,  becomes slightly"pasty, and  gives off dense volumes of  chlorine  intermixed  with a small amount of hydrochloric and sulphuric, acid gasses.   Samples'are taken at frequent intervals.   A certain proportion oi silver is always  lost: by volatilisation.     Much of this is due to the  employment of too high a temperature, the undue  prolongation of the roasting operation and the excessive generation of chlorine      In other words,  it is due'to the addition of the salt in more than'  the requisite amount,or at an unsuitable period of  the operation.   In an experiemental roasting of  three parcels of the same ore, the effect- of roast-  '���^bjg at temperatures-corresponding to .cherry red,  "reft and dull red heats was carefully determine.  The furnaces losses, beginning with the ore roast-  considerable volume of the solution in excess of  what is apparently demanded is passed through  the vat. When a considerable i>ercentage of lead  or copper is present in the ore it is advisable to use  a (Ulute soUition. and circulate as large a quantity as possible. A solution of one percent, hyposulphite is pr ferable to a more concentrated one.  The longer the roasting process lasts the greater  proportion of base metal will be extracted' with  1 the silver, the expediency, when^base ores are  treated, of employing dilute solutions, and leaching as rapidly as possible, is thereiore apparent.  When these two conditions are observed, ores containing .considerable percentages of lead and  copper are treated with an expenditure on the  chemicals of between GO and 80 cents per ton, and  furnish a precipitate yielding from 15 per cent, upwards of silver.  The silver solution has stirred into a strong solution of calcium  sulphide in the precipitating  vats.   Tests are made during the stirring, and  when a drop uf calcium sulphide no longer causes  a tangible precipitate, the proper point is reached.  The precipitate is allowed to settle and the super-  native metal is run into the stock solution of hyposulphite.   It is necessary that the lixiviation  process should be carried on continuously  as the  solution is weakened by the oxidising action of  the atmosphere; the contained calcium hyposulphite being converted into gypsum.      As long as  operations are going on this loss is compensated  by the fresh supply formed in the precipitating  vats.   A stoppage of a month's time might render  the solution valueless.   The calcium sulphide employ ed for precipitating. the silver always eon  tains some calcium hyposulphite, which partly  accounts for the increase in the volume of the  stock of solvent; but t*>e main source of calcium  hyposulphite which is fo ne i in precipitating vats  is the double metathesis wnich takes  place  be  tween the  argentic and the hyposalphites of the  silver solution, and the calcium of the precipitating solution.   The higher the degree of concentration of these two solutions the higher will be  that of the regenerated hyposulphite!  In the Russcl process the ores are first, treated  with a solution of aodium hyposulphite, then with  a solution of a double hyposulphite of sodium and  copper. .The latter solution is made by adding  sulphate of copper to the former. It acts strongly  On metallic silver, and on various silver salts,  which are not reached bv the hyposulphite soiu-.  solution; especially oi silver sulphide, whether existing alone or with antimonial and arsenical  sulphides. When the ore is imperfectly chioridis-  ed the compounds frequently occur. Under the  ordinary lixiviation process these are wasted in  the tailings. With well roasted or cupriferous  ores the .Russel process has no advantage over the  Patera pioccss which we have a ready described.  In some mines a saving oi six or seven dollars a  ton has been effected by the adoption of the Russel process. ���  The precipitate which is obtained by  the. lixiviation" process is thoroughly dried  and either melted or run iuto -part  of impure bullion, cr subjected tos mixed sconfication aed curie Matron. Reverbratory  furnaces are used in drying. When in the precipt  tate it is heated until the free sulphur ignites.  Cupillation furnaces are used in refining, In-  carrying out the scoriiicatiort .purification it is  necessary to employ a large fi r :aee-to avoid loss.  The litharge and scum which are produced in the  refining process are reduced in blast furnaces.  "��� The cost of ore reduction, depends upon the  chemical and ihysicai constitution of the ore,  local conditions, and facilities for handling. The  largest item of expenditure is for the chloridizing  roasting of' ore. Of some ores a furnace will  handle twice the quantity that it would of anothi r  sort. The price ot common salt and firewood art  important items. Some Mexican mines are sue-  ���cessiully operated with cord wood at $8 a cord  and salt costing. $40 per ton. The amount cf  quicklime is between one and one-half to two and  a half times that oi the sulphur. Sodium hyposulphite is rarely used. The most important economy is that to be expected from the introduction  of improved methods for roasting the ore. The  adoption of mechanical roasting furnaces and  the introduction of reverbratory iurnaces of large  dimensions, would undoubtedly effect a consider  able saving.  Having placed some new machinery  in our Mill, we are prepared to fur  nish all kinds of rough and dressed  at Seduced Prices  PRICE  LIST:  ed with the greatest, heat were, 15.0,13.7 and 11.6  per cent, respectively of the silver contained in  the unroasted ore.   Roasting furnaces in which  the ore is manipulated by machinery effect great  'savings in the cost of labor and fuel." The roasted  ore is slightly moistened before it is taken to the  leaching vats.   It is sprinkled with water from  ihe hose, turned over and. mixed with   a  shovel.  This handling of course adds ro the expense. With  argentiferous blende, especially it' a little copper  .^.present, the leaching operation is 'shortened1 il' :\  $11  ��10 00  00 to   12 ..  Rough Lumber, narrow;  ." wide.  Joist and Scantling sized up to  18 feet long, 11 ..  '8 'to 24 ' 12 ...  24 'to 30 ' 13 ..  Flooring. T & G, 6 " 20 ..  "        '      ���'     *t " 22  Vjcint Ceiling, -�� ' 22 '.'.  "Rustic,     "���-. -is. ..  Shiplap, 14 ..  Surfaced Dressed, 13 ...  A liberal  discount on large orders for Cash,  PETER GENELLE & Co  The  Windsor  Restaurant  Is one of the Bust and Aged Cafes  in the  Silvery Slocan.  IN NEW DENVER.  It was in operation when  Was turned against the country, and, now that the  gloom of the Argonaut days has disappeared, it looms  up brighter than ever as  . . . . A place where any  .... appetite can be sa dated.  COME EARLY AND AVOID THE RUSH. ���  Jacobson & Co  ti^fe/fe/fe^fe/fe  <*r4  We are " still on the old stand " selling  Prospectors' & Miners' Supplies,  Groceries, Hardware, Clothing0,  Boots & Shoes.  New Denver, B C  Formerly of Winnipeg.  2?  in the:���  -   Latest: Style  ���: of the.���:���.  Tailor's  shops at Tffl3.EE F0EKS & S  Rft.  MINING & REAL ESTATE BROKERS.  Civil & Hydraulic Engineers, Provincial  -H. K7,  #'  ilSTA number of well located mineral claims for sale  !*i Fourth Year.  THE   LEDGE.  IN THE OLD   BARN LOFT.  ' Tis thirty years or thereabouts  Since I used to roll aiid play  Aud turn ail kinds of sumersaults  On the fresh and fragrant hay ;  A-jumping and a-tumbling  On the hay so sweet and soft,  At my home away back jronder,  In the old barn loft.  How the pigeons used to flutter,  And strut about and coo !  And make love to one another  Like sweethearts used to do,  While I walked the risky crossbeam,  Or clambered high aloft,  With half intent of falling,  In the old barn loft.  How I used to frighten sister,  Who'Was looking for the eggs,  As I dangled there, head downward,  Holding by me little legs;  And giving them a swing or two,  I'd strike the hay so soit,  At my home away back yonder,  In the old barn .loft.  The twittering of the swallows,  While making homes of mud;  The gleeful game of hide-and-seek.  The slip, tne sudden thud;  The pattering of the raindrops  Above the hay so solt,  Are the memories still clingihg  Of the old barn loft.  Sign of   Fishermen.  Boston Courier.  Farmer���I guess there's been somebody fishing  in our trout stream behind the barn.  Farmer's Wife���How do you know ? Have you  found a line and hooks?  Farmer���No; I found a whiskey flask.  BANK OF  Established in 1836.  Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1840  Paid-up Capital  ��4,86G,666  Reserve Fund     1,338,333  London  Office���-3 Clements Lane, Lombard  1st., E. C  COURT   OF   DIRECTORS.  J. H. Brodie  Jolin James C��ter  Gaspard Farrer  Henry R. Farrer  Richard H. Glyn  Secretary���A.  Halifax N, S.  Rossland. B.C.  Sandon, B.C.  Victoria, B.C.  E.A.Hoare  H. J. B. Kendall  J. J. Kingsford  Frederic Lubbock  Geo. D. Whatman  . Wallis. '  Head Office in Canada���St. James St.,  Montreal,  H. Stikeman, - ->      General Manager  J. Elmsly, Inspector.  BRANCHES   IN  CANADA  London Kingston  Brantford Ottawa  Paris Montreal  Hamilton Quebec  Toronto St- John, N.B. Vancouver, B.C,  Fredericton, N.B. Wmnipeg.Man. Brandon,'Man.  Kaslo, B C, Trail, B C  AGENTS IN THE UNITED STATES. ETC.  New York���52 Wall Street���W. Lawson & J. C.  Welsh.  Sau Francisco���124 Sansom St.���H. M. I. Mc-  Michael and J. R. Ambrose.  London Bankers���The Bank of England Messrs  Glvn & Co.  Foreign Agents���Liverpool���Bank of Liver  pool. Scotland���National Bank of Scotland  Limited, and branches. Ireland���Provincial  Bank of Ireland, Ltd., and branches, National  Bank, Ltd., and branches. Australia���Union  Bank of Australia, Ltd. New Zealand���Union  Bank of Australia; Ltd. India, China and Japan  ���Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd. Agra Bank,  Ltd. West Indies���Colonial Bank. Paris-  Messrs. Marcuard, Krauss et Cie.   Lyons���Credit  Lyon nais.  GEORGE KYDD, Manager  Sandon, BC  First Bank Established in the Slocan  Bant of Britl Colli.  Incorporated by Royal Charter 18(52.  Capital (with power to increase),....... .^2,920,000   :    18-5,666  .Reserve.  Head Office: 60 LomburdStreet, London, Eng.  BRANCHES I  In British Columbia:���Victoria, Vancouver, New  Westminister .Nanainio,Kamloops .NELSON,  KASLO and SANDON, (Slocan District);  In the United States:���Sail Francisco and Port-  . A v   land.  ' ' ' ���   ;.  Agents and Correspondents:  CANADA :���Canadian Bank of Commaree��  Merchants' Bank of Canada, the Molsons Bank,  Imperial Bank of Canada and Bank of Nova  Scotia. UNITED STATES:���Canadian Bank  of Commerce (Agency), New York; Bank of  Nova Scotia, Chicago. The X-ondon and San  Nrancisco Bank, Ltd., Tacoma. The Puget  Sound NationaL-Bank, Seattle. The Exchange  National Bank, Spokane. AUSTRALIA AND  NEW ZEALAND:���Bank of Australasia.  HONOLULU :   Bishop & Co,  KErNTRTsr JF I^YTTOlSr,  Local M!a.xia.ger��.  Asuncion Branch.  ;t:iV.IV.=*���:iimnirra -rrrit.i-j':,  NOTICE.  A sitting of the Small Debts Court will be held  at the towns of New Denver, Sandon and Kaslo  on the 25th., and 30th., days of March instant and  'he 1st., day of April next respectively. Summonses may be had by forwarding particulars of  claim and stf.OOto the undersigned, Nelson, B. C,  Dated at Nelson this 3rd day of March, A. D.  1897.  E. T.. H. Simpklns.  Acting Registrar County Court.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  TWO   FRIENDS    MINERAL   CLAIMS.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (00) days  after date I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to purchase one hundred and sixty acres of land commencing at a post marked "Wm. Glynn's N.  E. Corner, running thence West forty .chains,  thence South forty chains, thence East forty  chains, thence North following Lake to starting  point, 'containing one hundred and sixty acres  more or less, said post being ttOO yards more or  less from this notice in a Northerly direction,  near mouth of Nemo Creek on . West Shore of  Slocan Lake.   -  Dated this fourth day of March, A. D., 1897.  WILLIAM GLYNN.  NOTICE.  I  Slocan Mining, Division of West Kootenay District.   Located East of Arlington Basin.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg as  agent for Richard Marpole, free miners certificate No. 63804, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvemeuts to be issued in his  nand the names of Peter M. Schonberg, free  miner's certificate No. 61559, Andrew Provost, iree  miner's eertiiieate No..65824, George T. Gorrnley,  free miners certificate No, 74580, and Cornelius  Murphy, free miner's certificate No 74220, for-the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  , And further take notice that action under section  c7 must be commenced before the issuaiice of such  Sertificates of improvements}. .,  Dated thi * 4th day of February, 1897. f b4-ap  VANCOUVER NO. 2 MINERAL CLAIM.  Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay District.   Located 3j miles east of Silverton.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg as  agent for Edward Mahon, iree miner's  certificate No.'54931, and Henry L. Mahon, Iree  miners certificate No. 5-1310, intend, sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply tq the Mining Recorder for certificates ot improvements, for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the  above claims.       ��� - ���  And further take notice that action, under Section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of improvements..  Dated thi3 21st day of January j 1897.     ja24-ma24  RABBIT PAW MINERAL CLAIM.  RICHARD ROBERTS, hereby give notice  that 1;intend, 60 days afterdate, making application to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and  works for permission to purchase 160 acres of  unreserved crown land, situate near the mouth of  Six Mile creek, Slocan Lake, West Kootenay  District, commencing at initial post "A,"'thence  west 40 chains; thence south 40 chains:-thence  east 40 chains; thence north 40 chains to point of  commencement.  Dated, March 2d, 1897.  . No. 339.  CERTIFICATE OF THE REGISTRATION OF  A FOREIGN COMPANY.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Loeated one mile south of  Sandon, aud south of the Silver Smith.  TAKE NOTICE that the Star Mining & Milling  Company, Ltd. Lia.;' free miner's certificate  No. 74509, intend, sixty days irom the date hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a eertiiieate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claiih.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.   ,  Dated this 18th day of February, 1897.   ���    ,���  . . febl8 apl8  RIENZI   MINERAL   CLAIM.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Located in Reed and Tenderfoot Basin.  TAKE NOTICE that I. C. W. Callahan, free  I. miner's certificate No. 65370. intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Re  corder ior a eertiiieate of im:>rovements, for the  purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action, under section  37, must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 21st day of January, 1897.       ja21 -ma21  NOTICE.  T S. T. WALKER, hereby give notice that I  L intend thirty days alter date making application to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works for permission to lease the following described timbered lands :���  Commencing at a stake planted on the north  limit of Ten-Mile (10) creek, about 3 miles east of  Slocan Lake, thence north 20 chains, thence east  40 chains, thence south -10 chains, thence east 20  chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 10  chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 10  chains, thence south 20 chains, thence east 10  chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 20  chains, thence south 20 chaius, thence east 10  chains, thence south 10 chains, thence east 10  chains, thence south 40 chains to the s.e. comer,"  thence following the north boundary of Ten Mile  creek north-westerly to point of commencement,  and containing 500 acres more or less.  Dated February lfith, 1897. febl6 apl6  NOTICE.  APPLICATION    FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  "VTOTICE is hereby given that the undersigned  i\ will in thirty days from date apply to the Stipendiary Magistrate of West Kootenai-: for a license to sell liquor at retail at their hotel on Cory's  pre-emption, Slocan Lake district.  ALLEN & CORY.  New Denver,March 11,1897. -  APPLICATION FOR LIQUOR LICENSE.  "Companies Act," PartIV, and amending Acts  "IdlerMining Company" (Foreign.)  Registered the 5th day1 of Februpry, 1897.  T HEREBY CERITFY that I have this day  L registered the''Idler Mining.Company" (Foreign), under the "Companies' Act,'5 Part IV.,  ''Registration of Foreign Companies," andamend-  ing Acts: ,  The head office of the said Company is situated  at the City of Spokane, in the State of Washington, U.S.A. - '  The objects for which the Company is established are:���  l"t. To locate, procure, hold, buy, sell, work  and operate mines and mineral claims, in the Province of British Columbia, and in the State of  Washington and other places.  2nd. To carry on the business of milling, smelting, reducing, working, buying and selling ores,  in said Proyinqe of British Columbia and elsewhere.  3rd. To purchase, build, construct and maintain all such mills, concentrators, smelters and  other works as shall be found necessary or convenient in carrying on said works, and to purchase, locate, acquire and hold all such water  rights, ditches, flumes and other appliances as may  be necessary irr and about said premises.  *4th. To borrow money for the purpose of establishing or carrying .on said business, and to execute noies bonds or other, securities'therefore, and  to execute such mortgages, debentures or deeds of  trust upon the property of the Company; to secure  the payment of the same and the interest thereon,  as shall be necessary and proper.  The capital stock of the. said company is one mil  lion dollars/divided into one million shares of the  par valne of cue dollar each.  Given under my hand and seal of office at Victoria, Province of British Cnlumbia, this 5th day  of February, 1897. -  [L.S.] S. Y. WOOTTON,  Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  DISSOLUTION OF   PARTNERSHIP.  Sandon, B. C, March 1, 1897.  The partnership heretofore existing between  S. B. Hendee and M. W. Bruner, under the firm  name of S. B: Hendee & Co.. is this day dissolved  by mutual consent, M. W. Brunei* retiring. S.B  Hendee will pay all accounts and 'collect all  monies, payable by or due to the above Company  from the above date. -  S. B. HENDEE.  M. W. BRUNER  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland.  Only Boute to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Golville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,  Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  LOGAN RY  TIME CABD No. 1,  IN EFFECT WED.N0V. 25, 1895  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave 8 00  '��� 8 3(5  ������ !) 30  " fi 51  ������ 10 0'!  *' 10 18  " io no  ���' 10 38  Air. 10 50  A.M.   Kaslo  South Fork  '���    * Sproule's  ''       Whitewater  Bear Lake  McGuigan  14      Bailey's  "      Junction  "      Sandon  Arrive, ." 50  .*' 15  2 15  "       2 00  '���       1 48  u       1 33  "      1 21  "      1 12  Leave l 00  P.M.  For rates and information apply at  Company's Offices.  ROBT. IRVING,        R. W. BRYaN,  Sunt, and Ass't Trras  Traffic Mngr.  and  Columbia  Western R'y Co.  Schedule No. 3, Jan. 4, *9t  ,-WESTBOUNI).-,  No 1 No. 2  Passenger.  Tues!,     ~ '"  Thur-s.  & Sat.,  6:30 pm  6:40 pm  6:45 pm  7:00 pm  7:05 pm  7:10 pm  7:15 pm  7:25 pm  7:35 pm  7:40 nm  8:00 pm  ^-EASinouNn.-s,  No. 2 No. 4  Passenger-  Stations  Daily  except  Sunday. Lv.  8:30 am Trail  8:40 am Smelter ,  8:15 am McLeod's  9:00 am War-field  9:05 am Tiger Switch Bk 7*26 am  9:10 am Crown Paint 7:21 am  9:15 am Lake Mountain 7:16 am  9:25 am  9:35 am  9:40 am  9:50 am  Tues.,  Thurs.  Ar.& Sat.,  8:00 am  7:47 am  7:42 am  7:31 am  Carpenter 7:10 am  Union Ave 7:03 am  Rowland 7:00 am  Rossland Wye 6:10 am  Daily  except  Sundav.  6:00 pm  .5:47 pm'  5:42 pm  5:31 pm ���  5:26 pm  5:21 pm  5:16 pm  5:10 pm  5:03 pm  5:00 pm  4:40 pm  J. A. JORDAN. C. D. & T. M.  THE   STEAMEft  W.HUNTER  LEAVES NEW DENVER  every morning at 8 o'clock  (Sundays excepted)  FOR SILVERTON,  SLOCAN CITY and ALL  INTERMEDIATE TOINTS.  Returning will,* if possible, make connections  with the west-bound train on the N. & S. Ry.  Powder carried only on Fridays.  Time Table subject to change without notice.  G. L. ESTABROOK, Master  'AGIFIG  Rill  iafl lib  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  . Notice is hereby given that thirty davs from  the date hereof I will apply to the~ Stipendiary  Magistrate of West KootenaV for a license to sell  liquor at retail in my hotel at New Denver.  N.  ANGRIGNON,  New Denver, March nth, 18!>7.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  v9:00a.m.  10:30 "  7:00,a. id.  Arrive.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  p.m.  ii  5:20  3:25  7:00 p.m.  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle  River and Boundary  Creek connect at Marcus with stage daily.-  Steamer leaves Nakusp every Sunday,   Wednesday   and   Friday  morning-, making" close connection  at  Revelstoke with, trains   lor  all points East or West  .Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Apply to nearest Railway Agent  or to  {District Passenger Agent,  Vanconvei THE   LEDGE.  Fourth  Year.  Published every Thursday.  R.     T.    .LOTTERY,    EDITOR    AND  FINANCIER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  ONE YEAR ' $2.00  . Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first iii  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement. ''  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do the rest.  TBURSDAY, MARCH 25, 1897.  THE   GREAT IBEX.  In recent issues of the Toronto  Globe and Mail-Empire we find articles signed by John Keen, 0. G. Dennis, R. F. Green, H. Giegerich, T. G.  Proctor, H. E. Porter and O.T. Stone,  all of Kaslo���stating that The Ledge  published an untruth in regard to the  location of what is known in   the advertising  columns  of   the    eastern  press as "The Great Ibex, of Slocan."  This assertion oh the part of the above  gentlemen   is  the   most   deliberate  libel and,falsehood ever  perpetrated  upon a Kootenay journal.. We offered  to bet these gentlemen in our issue of  last week $1000 that we had madt  no false' report against the location pf  the Ibex properties..   None of them  have   taken   up  the   bet  or  made  amends tor the libel they attached  their names to in the Toronto . press.  In an attempt to boost the Ibex in the  sucker market of the east thev have  allowed their honorable names to be  . stained by the mud of falsehood and  such a base and cowardly attack upon  us will not }>e forgotten by the people  of Kootenay.  The questions we asked Mr. Steele  about the Ibex a few weeks ago have  not been answered yet.    We  would  like to ask a few more.  Why not sell the Ibex stock to  mining men of experience if it is  such a great mine, instead of trying  to unload stock onto stock-crazy people in the east who do not know a  mine from a hole in the hills?  Instead ot advertising figures to  show $560,000 in sight why not publish the reports of well-known experts and mining men on  the prop-  THE   STOCK   GAME.  About a year ago Rossland became  infested with a lot ot fakir* who saw  a chance to make a few quick dollars by taking advantage of the ignorance and cupidity of people delirious  with the desire for gold stocks; The  game worked well for a time and  then the suckers quit biting. Some  of them quit with enough of stock  certificates to paper their houses this  spring. While all this was going on  the Slocan was quietly 'producing  more wealth than the Trail"district.  We often searched the eastern press  for large ads of Slocan companies but  without success until a short time ago,  Now the fakir and promoter is turning his attention this way with a  view of getting a silver bait for his  hook as he finds that the sucker has  been convinced to a certain extent  that all is not gold that looks yellow  in.the distance. These kind of mining people will prove a detriment to  the Slocan and Ainsworth districts  in the end. Their play is to secure  some cheap prospect for a few dollars  and then by a liberal use of printers-  ink sell stock to a greedy public who  know nothing about the game  will  they  give  ertv ?  How many practical and worthy  mining men in the west would take  the stock Of the Ibex as a gift ?  We do not care to make this article  too long but we would like to see the  Toronto press produce it as eagerly  as they did the libellous article from  the reliable men of Kaslo a short  time ago. We do not expect them to  do it as it might injure their trade in  the lying advercisments of some  western stock companies whose principal capital is gall and highly decorated stock certificates.  A vocalist from Kootenay was recently given three months in thebas-  tiie for singing The Fatal Wedding  on the streets of Ottawa. In the Slocan he would be encored for a similar  performance provided the singing-  was not too low grade,  east and west differ in  ���tors.  Thus do the  musical mat-  are playing against.   We  them a few pointers.  Mining claims of grea,t merit in any  country can always'be sold to mining  men who do not want the world to.  share their good luck.    These kind  of mines do hot advertise t'"��eir stock  at 10 cents on the* dollar.; It* is hot  for sale as a rule.   The mining shark  goes to work this way.' t He "buys a  prospect  for  a.. few  dollars  or else  agrees to pay the owner in stock.   If  the latter is the case a combination  something like this is formed, provided money enough _ can be raised to  incorporate.; a company.   The   company   has  a   million   shares.     The  owners of the claim take half,   the  promoters a, quarter and then 250,000  shares are placed on the market usually at 10 cents on the par value.   If  all the shares are sold the company  is luckv.    If all the money is used to  develop, the prospect the investors are  lucky, to a certain degree,   but the  show of getting their money back is  very slim even if the" prospect should  turn out   a   bonanza.     The  fellows  working the game can sell the property and the people who have put up  all the money have nothing to say.  Even if they do not do that they can  manipulate matters so as to freeze  out the honest investor.    It is always  advisable to keep away from a game  you do not understand and our ad vice  to green speculators in the east is to  keep   your   money in   your pocket  when you feel  inclined to believe  the false and flaming advertisments  of the people who mine with printers  ink more than they do with hammer  and drill.  Some people are afraid that the  trouble over Crete will dampen the  Canadian mining boom. Some people can see trouble in anything.  The next meeting of the B. C. Association of Mining Engineers wall be  held at Newr Denver about June 1st.  C S. RASHDALL,  Notary Public  *������-��ijii��n. . ^u T^j-  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD  AND BONDED.   INVITED   Complete list-, of claims for sale.   .Abstracts of claims, conveyancing  Where can  You get  TTOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER, ..  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  From R. S.Wilson  ,   <*  at NEW DENVER,  '  or REVELSTOKE.  Spring: Stock of  Scotch Tweeds  just arrived. Inspect them before  placing your orders elsewhere.  Properties  examined   and reported extending purchasers.  for in  '  Assay oifiee and Chemical Laboratory, Bellevue ave, New Denver, B C.  GWILLIM & JOHNSON,  (MeGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan City,  B C  A     DRISCOLL, C. E.,  Dominion & Provincial  Land Surveyor.  Correspondence solicited.  0f Diamonds,  Watches,  Jetxteii*y,  Clocks,  Siivei*uuar*e,  itc, Efce.  QuM.. WOODWORTH, M.A., LL/B. .  NOTARY PUBLIC,  CONVEYANCER, Ete.,  Brandon, Slocan City, B.C.  TT   T.  TWIGG,  Provincial Land Surveyor.  New Denver, B C  New Denver.  We'make a special rate on hotel and  restaurant silverware. Everything  warranted.  Mineral claims, mines, timber limits, etc, surveyed  "V/r   W\ BRUNER, M. D .  Physician & Surgeon.  Three Forks, B.C.  A full line of Drugs and Perscription Remedies  kept on hand  D  R. A.S. MARSHALL.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  J^ C. CRAWFORD,  HANT.nUSIC CO..  Pianos, Organs, Sheet Music,  Musical Supplies, Sewing Machines  and Supplies.  JSTMail orders receive prompt attention.  Spokane, Wash  MINING and  REAL  ESTATE BROKER,  Mines in the Trail Creek District  for sale on Stocking- or Bonding-  basis. Office: TRAIL, B.C.  J. Edmond Angrignon  MINING STOCKS and REAL ESTATE  Apply to   j E. Hills,  Real Estate and Mining Broker  Rossland. BC  Agent for the Montreal syndicate lots, of th  original townsite. of Rossland.'������ Perfect titles.  El Dorado Ave.  NEW DENVER.  next Bourne Bros Fourth Year.  THE    LEDGE.  o  The Slocan Granite Belt,  The following, paper,  written  by  Mr.   ll. C.  Campbell-Johnston; manager of the Bondholder  mine, was presented at the annual meeting of the  B. C. Association. of Mining Engineers held in  Vancouver recently.  I offer no apology for the following few notes on  this district except for the scantiness of the information imparted, which is not irom a want of  desire to gather all the facts obtainable, but from  the small amount of development relatively to  some other parts of the Kootenay. As far as the  country has been prospected there is a granite  belt, bounded on one side by half 'of Slocan Lake  and Slocan river, and on the other ,lo the East, by  Kootenay Lake; on the North by s-mife  Creek, which flows into Slocan Lake; on the  South by Kootenay River. I do not meantos.iy  that this is fc.'te extent of the granite belt, namely  40 miles North and South by 2a miles East and  West, as granite is apparent on the west side of  Slocan Lake, but this latter has not been pros-  ]>ected to speak of, and so no information can be  gathered.  In the prospector's head there is an antipathy to  searching a granite, region. In 18H2 when the  slate and shale belt from Kaslo to New Denver  was gone over, mostly everyone passed this granite region, and even ii someonevSaw in the region  a vein outcropping, he did not think it worth  staking, as, for example, the Meteor, and other  claims that run into the hundreds of ounces of  silver to the ton. Even now, among some mining  engineers, some, who come here and take a casual  ' .look over two or three claims, and from these  judge the whole district, some unhesitatingly  condemn the granite country as no good; some  shake their heads and say. they are doubtful  about the veins, while others won't even come  near it. As for 'hoc grnus glorisum,'the expert  of practical miner who has no reputation to lose,  as lie never had one. and who docs not belierein  theory, (founded on experience), as the scope of  his comprehension is capable of grasping the education, if it was imparled to him, this noble tribe  shake their heads and advise purchasing some  ground elsewhere, probably with no vein showing  on it, because it is .within a mile of some well-  known mine. All these little idosyncrasies have  .retarded the development of the district to some  1 extent, but what has already been done in actual  work has proved so satisfactory, and has shown  such good results, that the public are begiiinn^ to  think that there may be some claim:-, ol value after  all in this granite zone.  Now, in describing this part as a granite belt, I  use the term in its widest sense, including all  varieties af rocks that carry two or more or the  four constituents, mica, felspar hornblende and  quartz, without going into the details of slicing  and putting them under the microscope, then  traversing the four names of the above in various  rotation. Gianite is sufficient for us as we are  after mineral and must leave the discussion of  eruptive and primary ;and other .minute examinations to those with more leisure. What are the  minerals and combinations of minerals that  occur in this belt ? Of course the veins are fissure  and carry, broadly speaking, dry ores, l-equlring  lead or wet ores to flux them, if smelting is decided "upon as the cheapest treatment.  Well, silver, as native in threads and nuggets  and leaf, as argentite, as ruby silver, as alloyed  with galena, antimony, copper and zinc, and in  one place metallic arsenic,* is in all the ores.  Next gold occurs as traces in all, but predominates over the other values in many cases. ' It occurs native and sometimes, a rather unusual  occurance, in crystalline form. M'ost frequently  the gold goes with iron pyrites and also.Avitn lead.  On Ten Mile creek,, zinc carries the highest value  in silver, running up to 400 ounces of silver per  ton, while solid bunches of galena, unless carrying antimony, are very low grade. Grey copper  and copper pyrites are good indications of nch-  Aness. AA .:.-/���:  Now as to the conditions of the relations between the country rock and the variety of ore.  Sofar proved from the development, where the  ' .country rock is composed mostly of hornblende,  with large crystals of felspar, there zinc high in  silver is most frequent. Where quartz and mica  lirodomiiiate with that familiar irideseene gloss  to the quartz, gold is the value. Where hornblende and quartz are about equally mixed, gold  and silver exist more or less m equal values. As  examples of this, in the. first case of the hornblende predominating, take;the Bondholder, Enterprise arid Nepawa mines. In the micaceous  quartz, take the .Crusader. Alpine, Black Princ.3  and all those on the eastern forks of Lemon  creek. Lastly, in the case where the proportions  are equal in quartz and hornblend take the Exchange, Evening Star No. 2, Old Glory and many  more. As io the character of the veins: the most  prevalent strike in all the district is N. 35  since had; splendid ore shown up by its owners.  To class ali the veins as. small is wrong; and to  ay that we have phenomenal ores, like those the  newspapers tell us of in other localities, ia also  wrong. As proved in 'the district, the veins are  sufficient to pay handsomely to mine them: not as  rich per ton as the Sandon mines in the slate, but  ton ijer ton five times as rich as many of the copper ores along the southern boundry.  As to holding in depth and, in value for ex-  'ample, the Bondholder mine is working 2500 feet  i.1x>ve the lowest Enterprise tunnel, both on the  same vein; yet native silver and zinc are equally  prevalent in both places. Take the Topaz and  Kalispell, the Exchange' Evening Star |To. 8 and  those claims low down on Springer creek. The  values are identical. Take the Alpine or Crusader and those at the foot of the mountains, the  values don't materially differ. However the  loose expressions, "increase in value in depth"  "widen in depth," "Mother lode" and other familiar hackneyed expressions will not go here; shipping mines in the 'district speak for themselves.  On Springer Creek there are the Two Friends,  Howard Fraction group, and Exchange; on  Lemon Creek the Chapfeau and-Black Prince;  on 10 Mile Creek the Enterprise, Bondholder,  Nepawa and Topaz.  Now as to the treatment of ore. Wet concen'  tration in most cases is impossible on account of  the sulpherated silver. Milling is not adaptable  from the baseness of the ores and the great loss in  slimes. The most leasable method, though in  many cases it has been found difficult, seems dry  concentration with a Clarkson-Stansiield centrifugal machine. Although it sounds peculiar,  practice has shown it is best to use one of the  machines to classify the ore and the identical  machine again to concentrate. The cost of mining, covering management and all expenses, is  ��10 a foot, throughout, in running a  tunnel any  distance, and ��15 a foot sinking down to 150  feet. This is just half the cost of mining iu the  diorite belt and one-fifth more than in the slate  and/compares very favorably with general mining. Machine drills are an advantage but not a  necessity.  The elevations in the district vary from the  lake, 3,800 feet above sea level, to nearly 8,000  feet on Lemon Divide. Snow lies for six months  at the,higher levels, but when the workings have  previously been commenced and are underground  the snow is an advantage as it cheapens transportation. Skilled miners are plentiful. Timber  limit is about 6000 feet above sea level. Water is  abundant.  Despite the ant'pithy of this granite belt and  the prospectora' hesitancy to explore Cedar Creek  and down to Kootenay" River and also on the  west of Slocan Lake and Slocan River, sufficient  work has already b3en accomplishi d to prove the  value of the locality and that mining is very  profitable here. Being fissure veins there are  many foederis'that are often taken for the main  vein, so that considerable cross-cut dead work has  to be done, but mining here, when one watches  the developed veins,-is ascertain as are the constant, values in a contact. The veins are very  persistant in their course.  When in .Vancouver stop  Manor House.  at  the  f  The Unit of Value  -    in Typewriters is the  It sets a known  and tested  tandard  of excellence  Everyone  knows what it  represents���the  Beat Work with  Least Labor,  Enduring Ser-  i vice, Unequalled Economy  and Conveni-  ience.  The   No.  iii:Iu^i,.,ia:iKB; u__ :.   Model  bears the stamp of  Unqualified Public Approval  Many notable improvements in. the  1897   MODEL.  Catalogue free on Application.  JOHN ... m  WHOLESALE AMD RETAIL  BOOKS,    PAPER,  OFFICE  SUPPLIES  . AND "Vy ALL PAPERS.  SPOKANE, WASH.  The  Shops at   Sandon,   Nelson,   Kaslo,  Ainsworth and Quartz Creeki  New Denver.  TOBACCONIST,  NEWSDEALER,  A and STATIONER,  Imported and Domestic Cigars,  baccoes, Fruits and Confectionery,  To-  MRS. W, W. MERKLEY.  Has always on hand a large stock of  Dry and Fancy Goods,  Millinery and."  Gents'Furnishings.  <~-o  May never be a second Butte, but it will be  88  1^5      and is now  Tie  elena of Canada  pt.  Lucerne "North America  Its location in the centre of what is admitted to be the  richest silver district on earth' cannot help, with the unsur  passed scenery that surrounds it upon every'3ide, but make  one of the most famous towns of modern times.    If vou .  -desire a home in this beautiful spot buy a lot from  ANGUS M'GILLVRAY  m^%^w^$&&��s?^%%mg3g%s&m ss  SAMDON  -TlTis   tsTew  KCo-u.se,  With the old name, is well equipped to accomodate a large number of Guests.   The building is  plastered and the rooms are unsurpased for comfort in the Slocan, while in the  Dining Room can be found the best food in the market.  ROBERT   OXJN2STI3STC3-  2Prop>2?ie*box��  ll  I  UNDERTAKING and EMBALMING.  SHANNON'S BLOCK,  NEW DENVER, B.C.       jjj  III  iintei8 &  In each of their establishments  The wind  never blows sand  ITavc stores at  into the granuiated saacharine. nor do the flies make  cemeteries out of the butter-tubs.    Everything, excep  the prices ore high grade in these'storcsand the public,  "and TliyeG FOrkS.   esPecially new PHgrims,  should   not   overlook tins  Sandon  Silverton  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything'in the market.  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley, Prop.  Agents for B.C. Sugar '''Refinery and  Royal pity Planing Mills. G  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth Year.  THE   OLD   MAN   AND JIM.  Old man never had much to say���  'Ceptin' to Jim���  And Jim was the wildest boy he had���  And the old man jes' wrapped up in him !  Never heard him sneak but once  Er twice in my life,���and first time was  When the war broke out, and Jim he went,  The old man bat kin' him, fer three months ���, -  And all 'at I heerd the old man say  Was. jes' as we turned to start awav���  "Well, good-by. Jim:  Take keer of yourself !*'  'Peard-like, he was more satisfied     ���   ���  Jes' lookin' at Jim  And likin' him all tohissc'f-like, see?  'Cause he was jes' wrapped up in him !  And over and over I mind the day  The old man come and stood round in the way  (When Ave was drillin', a watchin' Jim���  And down at the depot a-heerin' him say,  "Well, good-by Jim:  Take keer of yourse 'f!"  Never was nothin' about the farm  Distin'gishcd Jim;  Neighbors all ust to wonder why  Tiie old man 'peared wrapped up in him ;  But when Cap^Biggier he writ back  'At Jim was the bravest boy he had  In the whole dern regiment, white or black,  And his fightin' good as his farmin' bad���  'At he had led, with a bullet tlean  Bored through his thigh, and carried the flag  Through the bloodiest battle you ever seen���  The old man wound up a letter to him  'At Cap. read to us, 'at said; "Tell Jim  Good-by,  And take keer of hisse'f,''  J4111 come home jes' long enough  To take the whim  'At he'd like to go back in the calvery���  And the old man jes' wrapped up in him !  Jim 'lowed 'at he'd had sic liluck afore,  Guessed he'd tackle her fer three year. more.  And the old man give him a colt he'd raised,  And followed him over to camp Ben Wade,  And laid around for a week or so,  Watchin' Jim on dress parade-  Tel finally he rid away,  And last he heerd was the old man say:���  "Well, good-by Jim:  Take keer of yourse'f!"  Tuk the papers the old man did,  A-watchin' fer Jim���  Fully believin' he'd make his mark  Some way���jes' wrapped up in him !���  And many a time the word u'd come  'At stirred him up, like the tap of a drum���  At Petersburg fer instance, where  Jim rid right into the cannons there,  And tuk 'em, andp'iuted 'em t'other way,  A nd socked it home to the boys in grey,  And they scooted for timber, and on and on���,  Tim a lieutenant and one arm gone,  And the old man's words in his mine all day ���  "Well, good-by Jim:  Take'keer of yourse5f!"  Think of a private now, perhaps,  We'll say like Jim,  'At's dumb clean up to the shoulder straps���   .  And the old man jes' wrapped up in him !  Think of him with the war plum through,  And the glorious old Red, White and Blue  A-laughin' the news down over Jim,  And the old man, bendin' over him���  The surgeon turnin' away with tears  'At hadn't leaked fer years and vears.  As the hand of the dying boy clung to  His father's, the old voice in his ears,���  "Well, good-by Jim:  Take keer of yourse'f 1"  ���James Whitcomb Riley,  They Killed Custer.  BtSMAiiCK, N. D.,��� Thirty-five Sioux Indians  from Standing Rock have made application at the  local government land office for homesteads in the  northern part of this county. Under the law, Indians may avail themselves of the homestead laws  and without payment of fees or commissions on  account of entries made. The land is held in  trust for twenty iive years by the government  before a patent can be issued and is not subject to  sale, assignment, lease or incumbrance, and is  held for the sole use of the Indian making     the     entry       Before     making     entry  the Indians are required to renounce their tribal  relations, and must produce a certificate .from the  government agent stating that they are 21 years  uf age or are the head of a family and are not subjects of any foreign country,  Nearly all these Indians, were participants in  the Custer massacre and have been confined on  the reservation since they were captured. They  have tired of the restraint-placed on them by the  government and will now become self-supporting..  The settlers in the vicinity of the lands which the  Indians wist to file upon are nearly all Scandinavians and it is believed that they will be'loud tn  their ��� protests when they learn of the intended  action of the Indians.  These applications are the first ever made at the  lueal land office bv Indians and are believed to be  made by the Standing Rock Sioux, whose bloody  and fiendish massacres created such terror on the  .iroutier twenty years ago.  Saved  the Kitten.  A" correspondent of the Southern iBivouac tells  for young readers, as he says, a pretty incident of  the battle of Resaca.   The Federals were charging the Confederate works, bullets were falling  like hail, and the noise of cannon was deafening.  All at once in a moment's silence a Confederate  soldier heard a strange sound���"Meouw���me-u-ow  ���ineouw."   He looked over a pile  of fence-rails'  behind which he was sheltered, and there was a  tortoise-shell kitten,   a farmhouse was near, it  seems, and the people had cone away in haste^md  left the kitten behind them.  The brave cannoneer made up his mind that  the little thine must be saved, and so.at the great  risk of bis life, he sprang over the works   caught  up the kitten, and jumped back ��� again  into shel-  ter.  When the battle wits over he took the stranger  with him, and it became ?he pet of the battery.  "It was a pretty sight," the correspondent says,  11 to see it perched 011 a caisson, or lying across an  artilleryman's shoulder."  WAS   PLAINLY   AN   IMPOSTOR.  The   Traveler   Couldiit   Convince   His  Audience.  " So ye lie from New York, strangei ?'' said the  landlord of the Palace hotel at Popper Falls.  ��� "Yes," assented the traveler, whereupon the  village loungers suddenly came out of their  trances and become half awake.  " Great place, I calkerlatc," ventured the landlord.  '   '��� Yes, quite a place." said the traveler.  ''Quite a lot of people from Popper Falls is down  to New York."  "Yes?",  ���'Yeah t   P'raps ye know some on |em.   Know  Jake Benderly, stranger ?"  "Jake Benderly ?   I don't ?eem to re-call t  j name.   What's his business ?"  I ''Jake? Why he's quite prominent, he is.  Funny ye don't know him. He drives a, hack.  Seems 's ye 'd know him!"  A look of surprise went round the group, and  the landlord continued:  "Reckon ye .know Ben Allen, stranger. He's  very prominent, a special employe of one of the  stores down thar. I forgit jes'whar'tis, but it's  quite a store.- Know him, stranger ?"  "Don't seem to recall the name. New York is  quite* a place yon know."  "Yaas, but Ben's pooty well-known. Tell ye  one feller from here ye doknow, though. I'll bet  ye know Dave Dave Fitzgibbons.   Thar ?''  The group slapped their knees and l-oared in  triumph.   Of course the stranger knew Dave.  "You do, doncher ?" laughed the landlord. "Ye  know Dave Fitzgibbons ? "  "I���I don't think the name is familiar," said the  guest, "but perhaps I do^know him. He is���his  line of business."  ���'Hoss car conducter, stranger. Thar, of course  you know the conductor down thar, doncher ?  Come, tell us howD ave is." ,  I'm sorry," said the stranger, "but I never  heard of Dave.   You must remember that���"  But he looked around on empty seats. The  landlord ,and the loungers had lined un at the  window and were glancing back at lurn contemptuously.  ���'/."Him ? No, yo bete her life," he heard the landlord say' "he don't come.from New York no more  than we do! Live in New York an' not know Ben  an' Jake an' Dave!   Rats ! "���New York Journal '  The Girls In the Game,  New York Sun.  We let the girls in just for fun,  As they were keen to learn  The game of poker-   Ere 'twas done,  Well, we had fun to burn.  Our chips were borrowed, stoleu, lent,  The bank was but a name;  And every sort of slapdash went,'  When the girls were in the game.  The "School for Players" that the .Sun  Keeps open for our good  Might brand us blockheads every one,  For rules misundeKStood; ,  But jackpots on a bobtail flush  Would open ���* then that same,  Filled in the draw, won with a ru-?h  When the girls were in the game.  We were not bound by any school;  Ourselves our only law ;   '  We made exceptions all the rule,  In shuffle, deal and draw,  And even when my royal straight  Five aces put to shame.  To protest was to fly at Fate,  For the girl's were in the game.  Yet, wondering how it come to pass  That cards could play such tricks.  I counted o'er the deck.   Alas!  It numbered fifty-six.  No matter! Though I quit without  A nicle to my name  And owed the dinner, I was a winner,  For the girls were all-in the game.  A Bobbie'-Has'an Idea.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     859,698.40  Sir Donald A. Smith, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E.S. Clouston, General Manager,  A. Macnider, Chief Inspector & Supt. of Branches.  ;        ���... A. B. Buchanan, Inspector of Branch returns.  W. S. Clouston,  Assistant Inspector.  James AiRDi Secretary.  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  ' *    New Denver Branch.  A general banking business transacted..  Newmark  New Denver, B.C.  , Is situated on the banks of the beautiful Slocan Lake, and guests can sit upon  the balcony and gaze upon the grandest scenery in America without extra charge  The fire escape system is excellent. The rooms are airy and decorated with the  latest results of the-wall paper art. The exterior of the hotel is painted in colors  that harmonize with-the idealistic scenery. The Dining Room is always pro-  videdwith food that is tasty, digestible and satisfying to the inner economy of  man. -The Bar is replete witlv the most modern, as well as ancient brands of  nerve producers. ,  Goldbugs; Silver-Democrat?, Canadian'Capitalists, Prospectors^ Miners,  Tenderfeeti Teh Mile Millionaires and Pilgrims of every shade in politics, religion or wealth are welcome at this house.  ger,  make for the. Newmarket when you roach the Slocan metropolis and do, not forget the Landlord's name;; it is .  Henry Stege.  I don't know what to do," said Mrs. Hawkins.  I've discharged the cook, but she won't go.''  "Mavbe she  ain't wound  up," suggested Bob  bit\  ' *"     ���  Overheard on the Lawn.  "Let's hear you roar," said the Cloverleaf to the  Dandelion.  ''I can't roar," said the Dandelion.  "Poh! then they oughtn't to have been called a  Dandelion.   You're more of a Dandeovster."-  Cunning,  The immense discoveries on Kokanee  Creek led to the formation of the���  Canadian Mining, Milling & SmeltingCo., Ltd  which has taken over  the  following  choice claims:  Homestretch,.  Glacier 4,  ���    .   . ��� .       v ' '���'".''''  Two Snowbirds,  CAPITAL, $2,000,000���2,000,000 SHARES  400,000 shares for development now in treasury;  &11C1.1 VD'now on   the  market  se!linga��7i  Father���Jack, where are my slippers ?  Jack���I threw them at Fred Mason's dog.  Father���What did you do that for.  Jack���Mamma isaid she was going to tell you I  hit sisier and so I thought I'd be on the safe side.  Fast Time.  "My brotner's a splendid runner,", said Bobbie.  He can do a hundred yards iu eleven seconds."      ;j  "Poh!" retorted Jack.. "My brother can run a i  mile iu that time." |?  '���No, he can't either." ;;  '��� Well, he can in eleven hours, anwvavA* ���  and  This stock is bound to go up, as any prospector in  the district wrio has been on the property can tell  you that the croppings on the Homestretch exceed  almost any thing* yet discovered in the Kootenay.  The original owners form the company and stock is  selling on its own merits.  Call on or write to the Secretary for Prospectuses.  Ore can be seen at office.  LEIGHTON & WILLIAMS, Mining Operators & Brokers.  Box 111, Sandon, B.C. Fourth Year.
Maple   Sap.
They're burnin' pine..an hickory bark,
An' rotten beech, for I kin tell it.
They're burnin' fence rails in the dark:
They're usin' pitch, for I kin smell it,
Bf day a smoky pillar high
Ascends above the woods afar;
By night I see a fiery eye
Shine thro' the maples like a star;
And all day long a tinkling ^ound
Subdues the downy creeper's tap
Two hundred buckets, big and round
Are lull.   Are lull of what?—01 sap.
Th" san is runnin'! take a drink !
'Twill clear yer rk<n and wash yer liver;
'Tis nature's cure—the best, 1 think—
An' nature Is a cheerful giver.
'Twill shine yer eye and red yer lip,
'Twill stuff the ladie's cheeks with roses;
But do not at the nectar sip
Too long or much or—Holy Moses!
If you will live like any dook.
An' make the female buddies chirrup,
The buckwheat pancakes—tell the cook
To soak them well in maple syrup.
Ah! sap's the stuff to give the baby;
11 vour in love 'twill help it, maybe,     "
To join the girls at sugarin' off.
Some good old eyes will read thes? lines—
Nome good old lace will sin lis-:, mayhap
He won his love in what was then
Some backwoods shanty—bilin' sap!
—The Khan.
Toranto Star.
The amous Silver Islet.mine onLake'',Superior
which closed down in  1870, may be opened up
again.   Up to the time when it was abandoned it
had paid $4,000,000 in dividends, and produced the
richest ore in the world, but it had to be adandon-
ed on account of the water  which got in,  and
which gained headway through a peculiar stroke
of fortune.   The Canadian Pacific railway was
not built in those days and coal necessary to run
the pumps had to  be  brought in by boat from
Cleveland.   The Consort, bound for the mine with
• the winter's supply of coal, was frozen in on the
south.shore, and when the coal was exhausted the
pumps were stopped and the mine filled up.
Then misfortune struck the directorate. The
president and vice president died, the secretary
lell ill, and the stockholders lost faith, with the'
result that the e terpriso was abandoned. One of
the people connected with the mine, however,
retained his belief in its capabilities. It was H.
S. Shelby, of Detroit, ,who has been in Toronto
ior the past few days.. His father was one of thr,
largest shareholders in the Silver Islet mine, and
Mr. Shelby is manager dfui syndicate which has
large interests in the" Silver Islet location, and
along the north shore of Lake Superior.' Mr.
Sibley is a citizen of the United States, but a Canadian, by education, being an old Port Hope
school boy. He has faith in Canada, and especially. Northwestern Ontario, where he has spent
-many years.     -        -  -   --       - .   ■ •
"I have prospected up through that country
many years back," he said, "and other officers of
the Silver Islet management did considerable
work on gold-bearing legdes away in Ross town-
amp, miles north of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
''Our syndicate has several locations. One is a
copper prospect at Cape Mamamro, on the North
shore ot Lake Superior. There is no reason whv
copper mines as rich as the famous Calumet and
necla cannot be found on the north shore. The
indications are there in plenty, and we are looking ior metal. We have the two locations, the
one I have just mentioned and the Silver Islet
"Talking of copper reminds me of something
that may be of interest to your readers, showing
what value a copper mine may attain. The
Calumet and Hecla mines were capitalised at
SflOO.OOO, in shares of $1 par value. Now they have
reached high-water mark, and are worth $390
each. The !*5100,(KW mines are worth ir39,(J00,000,
and that mine has paid over *50,000,00 in dividends. I believe that the dav will come when
copper mines as rich will be worked in Ontario."
paid within lo days, balance in 00 days there"
alter. Ten days would notlallow time en ,ugh to
telegraph to Sandon and have one of our expei ts
examine the property and telegraph hi-j answer,
and even ii the owner had allowea sufficient time
for us to telegraph our expert at tsandon, we
would not have accepted the terms, as. we do not,
believe in being rushed so unmercifully that it
would be irnpo.-aible for us to get from our engin
eer a written report. In no case will ,we accept
option on a property unless ample time is given
for us to instruct one of our experts to make an
examination and to send his lull report by mail,
and then a few days grace aftei> such a report
arrives. • If Toronto people buy mines iu the same
manner as they bought real estate in their own
City a few years ago, the results will be similar.  ,
If parties who are buying mining properties
will do so on a business basis, in a short time parties who wish" lo sell will be forced to sell on a
business basis. I have no doubt that many men
irom the mining districts are here selling ontions
on claims to people who will not see them before
the optio'n expires. In some cases false representations will be made by the purchasers and the
propertv soldagain. But, in most cases, the man
who receives jjijuO or $1000 for a thirty day'.-*option
will get the same property back after ihe time
has elapsed, and he will sell a s milar option.to
another lamb.
I know of one property being offered in this
city that is covered with five ieet of snow, and
cannot possibly be examined be'iore June 1. Yet,
the mair who is offering it wants 10 per cmt.
within tne next 10 days. I know of a syndicate
that entered into contract to purchase, three
claims in the Lake of the oWoods district at a
gross price oi $35,000. These claims' are undeveloped. The syndicate paid :?1000 to get i;> day's
optio i . fn which to examine the property. At ..he
cxiaof that time, if the property suits them, they
are to pay a iurthersum ot yla.OOt), and the balance within 90 days.' People who purchase properties in this manner overlook the most im, rotaiit
point, which is, that it requires lrom $10,000 to
325,000 to develop a mining property in the most
iavored district, and alter that amount' has been
■=pent in development work, a mill that will cost
from $1 ),000 to ^0,000 will be required belore returns can be had from the ore.
Best Furnished Rooms(^ In the Dining^T^
in the Slocan Capital, $35^      IL^Room every
-^feftfr.,,,       attention is paid to guests,       llgf*d&+
and on the tables are placed the best viands obtainable.
Why The Dealer Wins.
\" THIS TOWNSITE, is situated a mile
nd a half from the well-known GALENA FARM
MINES, and having an unchallenged monopoly
of the trade of
is now on the Market.
For lots apply to*
Buyljg- Prospects
"Unsight Umeen.
Editor World: A great deal- is said through
the press these days about mineral land owuers
asking too much for their claims. I have no objection to any man asking all he can get.
If Toronto purchasers are foolish enough to pay
more than a claim is worth that is their own
lookout. Very frequently men come to Toronto
who have only a few days option on a certain
piece of mineral land. In most cases this mineral
land is purely undeveloped, and is what is known
among miners as a prospect. In fact, some of the
claims that are offered in Toronto do not deserve
to be called prospects. The vendors of these
claims invariably want a cash payment of from
$500 to froOOO before the purchaser can see the
property. The agent or broker claims that the
owner will not option the property until a cash
payment has been made. In this way they try
to force the purchaser to  pay them before he has
time to see the property. Now, I say, if purchas*
ers are foolish enough to accept prospects on such
terms, it is entirely their own fault. I have had
many properties offered me within the last month
for the Ontario Gold Fields Mining and Development Company, where the owner asks cash as
above stated. In every case I refuse to entertain
such propositions. We will make no cash payments unless ample time is given to make an examination. After that, if we are satisfied we are
prepared to make.a cash payment, and then must
have reasonable time to develop any prospects
that we mayaccept before making further payments. A gentleman from the Slocan district
called on me the.other day and offered what appeared to be, from the report, a very line mining
property, but the pr.ee and terms on which "he
offered this property prevented us from eiiter-
.tainimr it.   Ho asked a3s),ooo—io / of it-was tb he I
Perhaps the most vicious and iniquitous of al'
gambling gaine>. is the game known as "craps '
it has a peculiar fascination for young men und
workingmen of small means, and keeps impo\»
erished several hundred persons in this city. Fit*
teon or twenty years ago when the gambling resorts of the Pacific Coast were conducted on a
higher plane than now, this game' was unknown.
It is thought to have come out of the south, and
to have been of negro and low-white origin. One
can-understand how an ignorant p3i;s>n, incap-
auie of even a slight, mathaniticai calculation,
could yield to its seductions. But it is inexpl -
cable that a person of ordinary intelligence can
dj found to throw away his money against ti e
game. The chances are nearly ihive to om-
against the player.
The game is played with two ordinary dice. A
person who will pause to calculate will learn that
with two dice there are 11 combinations—the
numbers from 2 tp 12. inclusive. The player
throws the dice, and the chances of throwing
these numbers are as follows ; one chance each of
throwing 2, 3,11 or 12 ; two chances each of ■
throwing 4, 5. 9 or 10; three chances each of
throwing 6, 7 or 8. That is, there is but one combination of the two dice that will bring a 2, 3, ll
orl2; two combinations for a 4, 5,9 or 10; and
three combinations for a 6,7 or 8.
If, on the initial throw, the player brings a 7 or
11, he wins and doubles his money. If'he throws
a 2, 8, or 12 he loses. So far he has the slight advantage of possible odds of 4 to 3 in His favor. But
the cnances are but one in' three that he will
throw either of these numbers,
If he throws either of the remaining numbers,
that becomes his determining number, and he
continues to throw the. dice until he casts either
his determining number or a 7. Suppose he
hrows a 5. He then "continues to throw the dice
until there comes a 5 or a 7. If tiie former, he
wins; if the latter, he loses. Then another wager
is made, and he'throws again lor his di tcrmining
number; and thus the game goes on ad infinitum".
The gamekeeper takes the number 7 for the
reason that the dice may roll that number by
either of three combinations— a 4 and a 3, a 5 and
a 2, a G and a 1. He always has three chances to
There are six of these remaining numbers—4,
5, G, 8, 9 and 10. Theie are two combinations of
the dice that will bring a 4. 5, 9 or 10. There are
three combinations that will bring either a 6 or an
8. The average combination in these six'numbers
is 2^. The plaver therefore has 2& chances to
3 chances for the dealer.
These heavy odds will beat any constant "player, They will keep him impoverished. He might
as well play against a "brace" game, or throw it
in the river.
Turner, Beeton & Co.
Wholesale Merchants, Shippers and Importers.
Kootenay Branch—NELSON, B. C.
A large stock of all sized bags always' on hand in Nelson
■ -: THE :-
McGuigan House.
fflcGUIGAN, B.C.
Best house in the City.
Good accomodation for the
oscillating1 public.
Notarv Public.
11 D
Tie ProsBectors' Assay office
Brandon, B. C,
Assay Price List:
Gold, Silver, or Lead,each. —  81.50
Gold, Silver and Lead, combined...:.  ;{ 00
Gold aud Silver  2 00
Silver and Lead •  2 00
Copper (by Electrolysis)  -j 00
Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead.  -I 50
Gold and Copper   2 50
Silver and Copper.  2 00
Gold, Silver and Copper   ;■$ 00
Platinum.      5 00
Mercury  2 00
Iron or Manganese.  • 2 00
Lime, Magnesium, Barium, Silica, Sulphur, each..   2 00
Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,
Zinc, and Arsenic, each. ..\. 400
Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,
and percentage of Coke, if Coking
Coal)  .A. 40
Terms:  Cash. With..Sample.
June 20th. i«95.
Assayer and Analyst
Nelson, B. C.
Merchant Tailor.
Full Line  of Suitings and
Trouserings always on hand.
The new addition to the-
Makes it one of the Largest'and most
Comfortable Hotels in Kootenay.
MRS. D. A. McDougald.
Mines and Mining Properties? for
sale. Abstracts, Conveyancing, &g.
Correspondence solicited!
Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.
of London, Eng.
The only Practical Watchmaker in the
nay District. Orders by mail -ecoiv<j
Blacks Hotel,
Special attention paid to properties
on Cariboo Creek.
Also dealer in Imported and Domestic
■Cigars, Tobaccoes, Cigarettes, Confectionery, etc.
Newmarket Blo"k. New Denver
■'European and American Plan.
Headquarters for Mining Men
Cafe and Elevator service all night.-.
WASH. 8  THE   LEDGE,  Fourth  Year.  MINING RECORDS,  Recorded at New Denver,   the   Assessments  Transfers and Locations:  ^LOCATIONS.  Marchl8  Divide, between Springer and  Dan McLeod ..  March 19  Horro, Ten Mile-  Lemon creeks-  Miles McGillto John Triggs^ Wild West.Nov  19; Sl, ���"���'.���":'������' ��� r.yyy    Af.a     ./.;;������;   / .-,     -,   .  Frank A Well to Eleanor J: Kendall and A R  Fingland���The Monitor No 2, March 20; $4000  NAKUSP   RKCORDS.  CD. Rand.  D. S. Wallbridge  -David Whitley  March 20  Four Mile Fraction, Four Mile���F H Bartlett  March 23  Dal Monte, Lemon creek���L'H Hoheusee  Drum Lumraon, Cody creek���W L O'Connell  Dauntless. Cody creek���W L O'Connell  Sitting Bull, Cody Creek���E Casey  Rover, Cody creek���E Casey  Bolivia and Peru. Bannock Point���Chas Anderson  ASSESSMKXTS.  March 10  Granite���Ed Dunn  Regina���J T Beuchesne  March 17  Slocan Belle���Robert Gumming  March 19  Lookout No 2���The Wonderful Group Mining  Co  Ephraim  Fraction���The Reco M & M Co  Day Dawn���Samuel B Steele  -     TRANSFERS.  March 15  A PLemieux to John A Foley���J Black Beauty  and WThite Beauty, Feb 25: s?1500  John A Foley to J J Mulnall and John J Ban-  field -h Rlaek Beauty and White Beauty, March  1G;$1"     '       ��� ���  "March 1G  John Wofer andjthe Kokanee Mining Co���The  Roval Arthur and Charmer, Feb 19; ��100.000-  '.T/ho8 B May and B Svenciski to the Kokanee  Mining Co���l'he Golden Bazaar and Mountain  ,   F lower, Feb 19; $125,000  Blair Carter to J F Yates���The Lilly B Fraction,  Ma^ch 1; ��200  A E Teeter, J M Benedum, W L Price,VC  Rackliff, H L Curtiss, J W Kyte and Peter Lor-  entzon to the British Canadian Gold Fields ED &  I Co���The Howard Fraction, Tiger, Tiger Frac-  tion,-Blandand Daadwood, March 1G  March 17  John M Greenough to A H Blumenauer���h Mas-  cott Extension, March 4; $1  Ben Anderson to E M Sandilands���The Robin,  March 4; $1 ' '  '  Thos Mulvey to F S Andrews���1/j Evening  Star, March 15, .��500  Geo Stanley to Thos Dunn���.V United Empire,  March 11; $1 .  F H Lantz to Beaumont Boggs���I Creole, Feb  12; ��600  Frank Granville, to John J Banfield���The  Townsend ;$3800  D O Lewis to Joseph Praficante���J Galena  Mountain and �� Comnromise, Sept 29: Si  Jo*. Prafisante to Wm   Stubbs���\ Compromise,  Sept 30 ; $150  March 18  P M Hayes to C Kearney Hammond���The Saph-*!  ire and Gem, Jan 18  Jennie L Hammond to H Milton Martin���\  Spokane Jim, Dec 30 ; ^250  Hope G Middaugh to Wm Walton���The Morning Sun, March 27,1895, $10  Angus P McDonald to Thos C Gray���i Semer-  clda:-Feb26: $250 .,  Joseph Pilon to H W kent���������The Times, March  18 * si  Jas Gilhooley toTlios Dunn���The Alma, St Au  byn and Forlorn Hope, March 13; ��37,000  -MarchrlO *  Chas'Newhause to  John  T  Kelly���1/6 Black  Eage, March 15; $1  , ��, Ciias-iftewhause to Wm R Will���} Black Eagle,  March 6; U  ���   Fred >V Moore to D J Munn���J Mollie O and*  " Los Vegas, Feb 24 ; $1  A  v> &,eo Alexander,' John ,M Martin and John J  LyiVch to the Echo Mining and Milling Co���The  United, Feb 22 ; ��1  A Boss to DAV . Moore���The Wipporwill, Aug  21; *i'25 '--A- . ������  ���   -.'."���...  F M Clement to D A Van Dora����� Jenny, Feb  5: tfl ���  -  Following are the records of locations, assessment  work and transfers made through the record  office at Nakuf;*., since January 1st to date.  LOCATIONS, a '.A;   ;.,..���'../''  February 10. ^  Nonpariel-No 2���Ari'ow lake, eight miles above  Deer Park, Frank Seidell A  Ben Hur, 11 miles above Deer Park���Same  Dolly���Same  Custer���Same  McKinley���Same  ASSESSMENTS.  February 22.  London���Geo W Jordan  Belton���Same  TRANSFER'S.  January 5.  John Hector to A J Jackson���J Ayrshire Lassie  Jan 4; $1  Jan 11.  Louis Sherrin to W J O'Herne����� Kittie Maek,  Dec 23; ^100  Thos Hyland to Hugh Hyland���1/6 Mammoth  No 2, Dec 28; *?1  Jan 13 ���  Hector McKinnon to Geo Hopkins���1/G Nellie D,  Dec 31; 61  Same to same���J- Highland Mary, Dec 31 $i  Jan 15. (     '  A Larsen to A J Alexander and Q J Sweeney  ���option on \ Blue Bird No 1 and No-2  February 3. ,  Alex McDonald to W H Wall���2-9 Black Pes?,  Dec 18; $1  Alex McDonald and A Larson to W H Wall���  �� A & T, Dec 18 ; $1  Feb 4.  J E Bate to J P Peterson -White Cloud, Dec 3;  ��50  John Nichel to John V Perks���J Baldy, Jan 31;  '$150 '  Feb 5..  John Nichel to Geo H Doerr����� Cathop, Jan 16;  ��250 ,  B W Ball to Jas M Asbito���The Criterion, Feb  5'; .;200  Feb 9.  0  Louis Dansereau to. Raymond Kief���J each  Hand Climb, Nakusp,-Montreal, Lancaster, Oregon Boy, Harvest Queen, J$n 2J; si ,  Feb 12.  Chas S Asken toH P Sharp���J each Terminus  and Trail No 2,Feb 9 , $1  H E D Mooney to H C Sharp��� \ Burton City,  Feb 8; .ft  Feb 22.  Alexander McLean and James Anderson to the  Columbia-Cariboo5 Gold' Mining Co, Ltd���the  Molly, Feb 10; $i ',  Alex McLean to the Columbia-Oariboo Gold  Mining Co���The Little Joe No 2, Feb 10; *1  Feb 24. ..' ' :   ��� '���"������'���','  H PSharptoC P :Wobdhouse-f each Wjolfy  Swansea and Empress, Feb 9; $1  Chas Asken to C P Woodhouse������} each Trinith  No 2 and Terminus, Feb 9 ;   1  M  Notaries Public and Gonveyancers,  Mines bought and sold. ��� Stocks for sale in all B. C. mines.  ��� ..  - Official brokers tor Wonderful Group Mining.Co.  Kootenay -agents for Bondholder Mining Co.,  St;   Keverne Mining Co  Phoenix Consolidated Mining Co. and Two Friends Mine Co.'s stocks.  Com )an es  StoojSLeci and T3x-om.ot&dL.  I|llllllllllin!!llllllll!l!ll!1l!!llll!!ll!!l!lllll!illll!!!l!t!!ll!!!ll!l!lllll!lll!lllllll!!!:!^  | NEWS IN PLACE I  ^IllillllltlllillllllllJIIlllllllll^  Forty men are-employed on.the Enterprise.  The address of D. Munroe, miner, is wanted at  this office.  H. P. Christie has been appointed provincial  policeman at Slocan City.  James Currie has returned from the east,'accompanied by his brother George. *  Travel on the lake has become so heavy that the  Hunter is obliged to have a' scow m tow almost  daily.  Up to the time of goint? to pircss wc have heen  unable to find a man who put his money on Cor-  bett.  on the Iron Horse near,  Stewart, Van Doruand  March 20  Jas E Taltersall to Jjhn G Gwillim���*\ Chap-  leau,Mareh 10: $1 _ ���"���'������,'  Samec to Benjamin Robertson���1/6 Chapleau,  March 16; $1 .      "&-a  Same to Frank Dick���1/6 Chapleau, March 16 ;  Wm Kerr to Robt 0 Graham���The Golden  .\\rest >*i  MS McDowell to Robt McDowell���1/16 Sligo,  March 20; $1  March l>2  Samuel Discampes to F S Davis���\ Silver Wave  No 3, March 24 V $312 50 -  BriiWey M Walton to A D William and G W  Wood���.*; Victoria, March 19; *1 -  Wm'-Brasch to Alexander Harrison���h each  Clariut, Pioneer and Uncle Sam, March2; Si.  Hughi McKinnon to Jas McPhail���The Union,  K'lrewcll and Victor, March 17 ; $10  T Reidto Chas E Smitheringale���.VGatlneau,  Ai? m ^Covington to Chas  E Smitheringale���J  SCtS^i^mi?lieHngale, Rm C^ngton.T Reid  H H Knox and Kate Scott to Robt latlowand  Arthur G Thymic���\ Slug Ten,,} Gatiueau and J  Simcoe, March 3 ; --S300 c  The Freddie Lee Mining Co to U S Guarnee���  The Freddie Lee Fraction and Oinego  claims, Feb 15; *4502.7!)  John Earnest to Elmer Everitt���1/6 0 K No 2  arid A Everitt No 2, March 22: *.r.0i)  Ed" Dunn to J W Johnston���1/6 Orpha, Feb 13 ;  ijlOO  Herb H Knox to P W Ellis-!. Dollv Varden No  :i, March 12 ; -<1  Thos La combe to N Pomcnvlllc���h Wild Horse,  March 19; ��fl  W H Robertson to Geo Fairburn, Chas Anderson and Jas A McKinnon-;]- Nelson* Fraction,  March 16; *1  S-imetoChas Anderson and Geo Fairburn���g  F!)Sl C'^i^> Miles McfilH-J  Wild West,  Nov 16: --i-1  FROZEN   TO   DEATH.  Frahciso Di Michele, an oltt Prospector.  Falls Exhausted Under a Heavy  :' . -���".' : .Pack..  Mining  AVord was brought in from0Ten Mile Mo   nv  night of the finding of the frozen body of Francisco Di Michele, on the trail in the mountains  about six and a half miles above the Enterprise  Monday morning.    Di Michele has been in these'  parts three seasons.    An Italian by birth he had  the tcnaciousness of his class and being highly  cultivated for one  of his life he made many  friends among mining-men and prospectors, by.  his steady, persistent character and good workmanship.    He had some mining property up Ten  Mile and  was packing provisions to his cabin  when he met his d all.   He had got his supplies  from Aylwin to the Conundrum Cabin and was  taking a load from there to his prospect, a distance "of a mile and a half, and was within two  hundred yards of his cabin when, it is supposed  he sank beneath his heavy load, a pack of 150  pounds, and before he could recover from his exhaustion he was unconscious from the cold and  froze where he fell.   Plis body will he brought to  New Denver by toda\r 's boat and his friends here  will see that it is given suitable interment.      He  has some means in the keeping of Wm.-Thomlin-'  son. who is looking after his effects here.  .Will put up a Business Block.  M. M. McLean has been awarded the contract  for building a 30x30 business block for J. C. Bo  lander on his lot on Slocan avenue. The Luilding  will contain two store rooms 30x13 and four office  rooms above, and will cost in the neighborhood of  ��2000.' The rooms will be handsomelv finished  and the building entire will present a striking appearance. Work will be pushed as rapidlv as  lumbiT can be had.  Work is being done  Rosebery by McLeod,  McClement.  The New Denver Club is in a flourishing condition. Nine new members were admitted at the  last general meeting:  The Denver is now making regular trips on the  lake, leaving New De.iver saorciy alter 10 a.m.  and returning about i:30 p.m.  .The owners of the Jo Jo have leased their property to Thos. Trenary and Henry Jenkins for 15  per cent, of the smelter returns.  Messrs. Crowley & Co.,.have moved their large  stock of furniture from the Shannon block to the  Archer building, nearly opposite the post office.  The prospectors in* the lower lake section are  endeavoring to organise and establish au office a  Slocan City where they can list their claims to be  sold. ,  Our citizens do not appear to realise what New  Denver is losing by not having st.n-erooms and  residences to accommodate the people desiring to  locate here.  A happy condition of affairs exists in the "lain  of the free." Says an American paper:-1 The government is now in the hands of'rich rascals elected  by the poor fools.''   What lun ! -..-  That man has exquisite nerve win, standhi.  with his eye.-- iixed on the "Queen of the Lulu-" a.1  she ilia jest.ic.Aily steams to her moorings, will as. ,  "wh r-*. is the big boat���the one that'goes dow..  thelake." ���;��������� '.'--.".a ';.   "*,���.   >-V.a>  There is reported to be 40 carloads of lumber, en  route here lrom the coast. What pereemagejof.  this is for cottage buildings is not known, but to  construct residences enou-h to supply the demand  would require twice that amount of lumber.  New Denver's electric light' system ���will'' be ii.  working order in a few weeks. The dynamo and  other machinery is here ready for ���,.-lacing- when  ttie necessary building is linishedi which will be  put up in the vicinity of the old wharf Ion- the b-.y.  Eastern Canada is sending train loads of wealth  seekers to the mining districts of British Columbia. .They are also" coming from the States in  hordes Every mother's son of them iwill, of  course, take home with him when the leaves turn  a gold mine and some experience.  Worry Kills  And thV, COUGH worries,  Therefore,  Kill thatcoug1j  For a cough that tickles in your throat  and rasps the lining off the brohchi*l  tubes, to say nothing of keeping you;  awake nights���  Use  BOVELUS  Cough  Syrup  You will get it at ���  Nelsorb's Drug Store  New Denver, B. C.  Good Showing.  The amount of Slocan and Ainsworth ore ship-  pied through the port of Kaslo for the eight months  ending March 1st, is as foilows :  Month  July,  1895  Aug.  a  Sept.  a  Oct.  u  Nov.  ."  Dee.  it  Jan..  1897.'  Feb.  i.  Pounds  Values  .,2,002,064  $ 86,257  ..3.004,511  128,954  ..1,587,182  ������ 63,454  ..1,280,993  '54,572  ..1,117,130  , 59,903  ..3,966,50')  . 203,925  ..4,341,815  ���207,650  .4,885,930  ,225,852  NEW DENVER, BC.  An office pf the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  EMIL POHL. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon Office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular Employ, subscribing through their pay roll, can  secure all the privileges of the above.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.,  .;���''��� New Denyer, B.C.  or���   Emil Pohl, M.D., Sandon. B. 0  NOTICE.  Australia's   Capabilities.  Australia could be made to support 400,000,000  inhabitants of the black or yellow races, able to  endure the climate.     The present population  on I v 5,00;. .M.1*.  is  VTOTICE is hereby givMi th it application willibe  ���IN made to the Legislative Assembly of the Produce of British Columbia at its present session  for an Act to incorporate a company .for the purpose of supplying water, and generating electricity for the supply ot liirht. power, and heat to the  inhabitants of Silverton, B.-C, and to mines,  towns and residents within a radius of twenty  miles from said towns, and for these purposes to  take and divert at any point or points on Fourmile  Creek or its tributaries so much of the water of  the same as may be necessary or proper for supplying water, and for generating and supplying  electricity to consumers; and to construct, maintain and operate a telephone system within the  said radius; and for all such rights, powers, and  privileges as may be necessary for carrying on  the objects aforesaid.  Dated at New Denver, B. C...the 18tn dav "of  March, A.D. 1897.  R. B. KERR,  mli:?'. .7 Solicitor for the applicants-.  The terminus of the Slocan  River Railwav, the business centre for Spring-er  and Lemon creek mines,  which are already shipping'  ore. Lots in this the most  promising' and beautifully  situated town in West  Kootenay.  B Slocan City. Rossland,  ' Toronto.


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