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The Ledge Mar 17, 1898

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Array /A^^yiZ/iyiviy^^   cr^A^yi^p^tA^  Volume V.   No. 24.  NEW DENVER, B. C, MARCH 17, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Yea  If anyone thinks New Denver cannot  be aroused to her interests, he is sadly  mistaken, and lie is no prophet nor yet  the son of a prophet.  Friday, last   a   subscription  list  was  started around town setting forth in the  preamble  the  vital  importance  of   the  town having a representative in Victoria  to see that her sister towns in the Slocan  did not get all the plums knocked off the  appropriation  tree  in the governmental  apple orchard.  It also cited the fact that  a movement  was on   foot to remove the  Record oflice  from  New Denver to Sandon, and this  probably  more than anything else roused the citizens to seeing  the  necessity  of  immediate action, and  they went down into  their  pockets a.nd  contributed liberally.    A  like  subscription list was also circulated in Silverton,  but as  that town  already lias two delegates    at    the   Provincial   capital   her  citizens   did   not  contribute,   but at a  meeting called to consider the question,  they pledged the  support of Silverton's  delegation   to  the   delegate   from   New  Denver.  Saturday night a meeting was held in  Clever's hall to select a representative to  go to Victoria  and A. 10.  Fauquier was  chosen   by   unanimous  vote.    The discussion of the question  was brief and to  the point.    It was not, in the opinion of  all the speakers, at all likely that the removal of the Record ollice would be considered by the  Government,  and   there  was   not' considered   much  ground  for  alarm on thisscore, but that the presence  in Victoria of a   New   Denver   man   was  most advisable was conceded by till.  The instructions given to Mr. Fain  were simply to see that New Denver  accorded  pVoper   consideration   at  hands  of   the   legislators,  and,   if  appropriation   was   made   for   the  district, that sho be given her just share.  ,lf possible appropriations wih be secured  for tiie proper maintenance of the Three  Forks road] for widening and keeping in  order the  Silverton   road, and  for   the  proper improvement of the Government  reserves in New Denver.    Mr.  Fauquier  left   for  'Victoria  Sum.lay  morning  and  was followed a day or two later by a petition signed  by  all  the  residents of the  upper lake towns, setting forth the needs  of the  section  and  praying for Government help. ,  After the business of the meeting was  transacted, the question of instituting a  New Denver Board of Trade was broached and generally discussed, and it was  decided unanimously that steps should  be taken for the organization of such an  institution. With such an organization  actively engaged in the welfare of the  town, it was shown what an immense  amount of good it would do, in advertising the resources of the section, disseminating information to the world of  the Slocan in general and New Denver  in particular, and forming a nucleus for  the proper execution of all other public  committee work. Owing to the lateness  of the hour no action was taken in the  matter further than resolving to organize  at a future meeting to be called by H.  T. Bragdon. ���  ties in the Slocan.  More than two-thirds  of the outstanding stock is held by Spo.-  kane men.  Frank Watson purchased the  property    after    John   A.   Finch   had  thrown up a bond which  he held on it.  The Arlington   Consolidated Mining and  Smelting   Company was   organized   by  him, and under his direction   the  rich  Arlington ore   bodies, were  discovered,  after others   had   given   up all hope of  making a mine of the  property.    The  new trustees of the company are Robert  Cooper, of Slocan City, president; Geo.  Wooster, of Spokane, vice-president; C.  E. Fielding,  of Spokane, secretary  and  treasurer; Frank  Watson,  of  Spokane,  manager,  and  Ross Thompson, of Ross-  land.    Watson is now  making a visit to  the mine to plan   future  work upon  it.  The policy of the new  management will  be to sink deeper and develop  the property so as to  have  it ready to ship  in  large   quantities  by the   time the  new  roads are completed,   which will materi  ally reduce the expense of shipping:������  CHOW'S   ME5X   LABOHERS.  over ft large area of land, when it was  discovered that a. government regulation limits the amount of the grant or  sale of ;ui option for testing- for petroleum to KiO acres. This effectually put  ;in end to negotiations, and nothing  will be done unless influence can be  brought to get a change in the government regulations."  QUEEN*    BESS    PROPRIETAUY.  I liter  was  the  any  lake  Mr. Alex. Calder, the C.P.R. employment agent, arrived in the city Thursday night from Toronto with a party of  l:>0 laborers for  tho Crow's  Nest Pass  railway construction work.    Mr. Calder  returns Saturday to London and Toronto and expects to get at least 500  more men from   these cities.    Between  8,000 and 4,00;) more men will be required   to   complete   the  building   of  this  railway  by August.    There are X.OOJ-  mc.n working  in the   wood  camps .between here and Fort William, and 2,'C) )t)  between   Port  Arthur   and  Sau.lt Sto.  Marie.    These   laborers  will   be available iu  a.  short time.    Several   parties  from Newfoundland are on the way up,  and one party went through a, few days  ago.    About';",000 men will be required  on the Teslin  Lake  railway by April,  but Contractor Mann says he can secure  any number .of laborers  in Vancouver  and   the coast cities.    The  question of  getting   Canadians   for   work   on   the  Crow's Nest Pass railway is a very difficult one. ��� Mr. Calder now  has four  or  five-agents  in  Ontario  employing  all  available    laborers.���Winnipeg    Commercial.  A    BIG    CAMP.  veins of high grade  No. 4 tunnel proving to  three  the great  MORE    THAN   ��:$0,0()0    A    DAV.  The ore shipments for the week ending March 5, for South Kootenay, as  shown by the customs house returns  show a marked increase over the previous week, both in amount and number  of shippers. The figures are as follows:  Hall Mines, matte, 00 tons; Trail smelter, matte, 108 tons; Le Roi mine, ore,  1,000 tons: Pavne mine, 100 tons;  Queen Bess, 101 tons; Kootenay Ore  Oomnanv, 87 tons; Vancouver Mining  Company, 40 tons; Conistock, 80 tons;  Idaho, 60 tons; Black Diamond, 20 tons;  Rossland, 1.40 tons; Iron  tons; Fern, 41 tons; Montezuma, -n tons; Whitewater, R-'l tons.  Total for the week, 2,696 tons; .value,  8234,750; making the total so far for  1898, 20,815 tons, valued at ��2,304,4.57,  an average daily shipment of 325| tons,  valued at.S3t;,007.14  E. L. Whitmere, of Butte,  mining camp of Montana, was in Montreal and the Star has this reference to  his visit;  ''Speaking about the Butte, Montana,  camp, Mr. Whitmore explained that it  is in Butte where the world-renowned  Anaconda mine, owned by Marcus  Daly, J. B. Hag-gin and the Rothschilds, is located, and it would appear  that Daly and Haggin and the other  wealthy men. will soon have all the  smaller properties in the vicinity of  Butte gobbled up, as is the case in a  great many other mining camps.  "'Butte," said Mr. Whitmore, "is wholly  given over to mines and smelting, there  being eight large concerns in constant  operation. In a word, the prompters of  the Sabbath observance would have a  splendid field of operation in the busy-  mining town  of  Butte,   for here they  work away seven days a week and  days in every year."  MOKE   WAKXING    WORDS,  365  Poorman,  Mask, 80  0.7  FRANK    WATSON    AGAIN   MANAGER  The management of the Arlington  mine is once more in the hands of Frank  Watson. At the meeting of the stockholders held in Spokane last week he  was tendered a vote of confidence unanimously by the stock reprepresented,  which was over 900,000 shares of the  total capitalization of $1,000,000. Mr.  Watson held the management of the  property until about six months ago,  when lie turned it over to other parties  who came into temporary control of the  property. The mine is considered by  many one of the most promising proper  James Christie, a mining engineer,  who has returned to Montreal after 15  years working and prospecting- in the  Yukon country, Idiscusses with much  good sense the prospects of success and  fortune which await the inexperienced  army of good-seekers now swarming  toward Alaska. Speaking-of the boom  methods employed to keep up the excitement, Mr." Christie says : "It is  simply criminal. The fool-killer has  evidently gone out of business. Heaven  only knows what will become of the  great majority of the inexperienced men  who are going to the Yukon. It is all  simple madness���the result of crass  ignorance of the facts' and the conditions. Probably 15 per cent, of those  who have started and will start in the  spring will reach the Klondike. The  balance will scatter; will scatter; will  proceed to American territory and will  settle in Brittish Columbia."  Coal   Oil   in   Manitoulin.  A despatch from Little Current says :  "The existence of coalpil on the Indian  Reserve, ;whieh was discovered some  years ago, has been the subject of investigation by an American Oil Company. They found such indubitable  proofs of richness of the territory  -' they are prepared to go  that  i.nead and drill  The first ordinary general meeting of  the Queen Bess Proprietary Company,  Limited, was held on Feb. 17th, in  London, Eng., under the presidency of  Captain Needham.  The  Chairman  said:    The  Company  was  registered  on  October 21st last; it  has  a  working capital of ��15,000, fully  subscribed,  and a  reserve of 20,000 unissued shares.   The title deeds,   which  are   in   the form of  Crown grants, have  been carefully examined by  your Company's legal advisers in British Columbia  and   found   to be correct.    1  have also  much   pleasure   in  informing  you that  your Company   is  also registered as  a  trading company under  the  Dominion  Act of Parliament, and I might point out  that it is very unusual to get a company  registered   in   British   Columbia   in  so  short a time.    The Queen Bess is situated   on   Howson   Creek,   in   the Slocan  Division of the West Kootenay district of  British Columbia.    As soon as the  property was  taken   over your Managing  Director,  Mr. Milburne,  lost no time in  getting to work,  and as  the snow came  on   earlier  than usual this year, it was  well for us that there was  no hesitation  or  delay.    Had there been the  winter's  work   would   have   been   entirely  lost.  Sleeping   and  messing   accommodation  for 50 men, with houses for foremen and  officers, have been  erected; snow-sheds  and   sorting-houses   have been   put up  where required, and the wagon road lias  been   thoroughly   repaired and  put in  order.   These  fifty  men  have been employed   night   and day   developing the  mine, and the development work, which  has amounted   to  something over 700 it.  of I tunnelling and crosscuts,   has   been  carried on   with   the  most   satisfactory  results.   The  cross-cutting  has exposed  at least two.valuablt  ore, the one  in  be seven feet broad,   and   carrym  feet of solid galena.    The last assay from  this vein  show 287 oz.  of silver and  72  per cent, of lead.  This, however, cannot,  be taken as an  average; but it serves to prove that tbe  ore is improving at depth.    It is hoped  tlr-it this rich vein'will be proved +.hrough  the higher  and  lower levels.    The first  shipment of ore took place on November  Stb,   and   since  then  there have  been  regular shipments,   the total shipped to  date   amounting   to   580  tons,  the net  profit on which amounts to ��3,4S0.   This  profit  lias  been made  in   spite  of   the  unusually heavy charges  for freight and  shipment.    1 am happy to be able to inform   you   that our manager  has  now  entered   into   some  very  advantageous  contracts, which  will materially reduce  these charges in future.    During the first  two weeks of this  month  140  tons were  shipped,  or at   the  rate of 70 tons per  week.  Taking an average of only (SO tons  per week, with the same rate of freight  and treatment, the mine may be said to  be yielding a return of over 20 per ceut.  per annum upon the total capital of the  Company.      The   Directors  confidently  believe that this will be steadily increased as development proceeds.    The question  of declaring an  interim dividend  has received the  very careful consideration of your directors; but owing to the  fact that the whole of the accounts are  not before us,  and that we have not received the full return from the smelter,  we have decided   to defer doing so.   It  will, however, be a satisfaction to you, as  it is to us, to know that we have already  earned a   considerable profit,  and this  successful state of affairs is chiefly due  to the untiring energy and ability of Mr.  Milburne.  Mr. May said that from what he understood the chairman to say, the  Queeen Bess Proprietary Company was  sending ore to the United States, and  incurring very heavy duty charges in  doing so. Now, though there might be  a feeling that they would like to help  their cousins over the water as much as  they could, they did not want them to  take too much of the profit out of  the funds of their property, and he  hoped the directors would, as early as  they could, get the ore treated in Canada, and so save as much as possible of  these charges. Then, he took it that,  though the directors had not declared a  dividend, they had practically earned  one. He hoped, so soon as the returns  were to hand,they would feel Ihemselves  in the position to declare a dividend.  The shareholders would-be very glad not  only to receive a dividend, but also to  have full details from time to time with  regard to the working of the very valuable property in which they were interested.  The chairman said that with respect  to the heavy charges for freight and  treatment in the United States, there  was a very difficult and complex question, and it was receiving every possible  attention not only from their managing  directors, but also from the managing  directors from all the mines in that district. At present they were absolutely  in the hands of the United States government, and   from   what  he knew  of  those gentlemen   he had no doubt they  would  take  good care to keep them   in  their hands.    No doubt,  if some large  capitalist of English  leviathan were to  come into the country and set up in opposition to the United  Siates, he might  get the better of her,   but for a   small  capitalist to attempt it it would be very  risky indeed.     Suppose a smelter  was  erected by fa Ismail :company got up in  London;   when   the   conditions    seem  favorable, and everything was going on  perfectly, and it looked like being prosperous, the United States would take the  duty off lead,  and that would  at once  place the   English   company   in a false  position.    Then   she   would   lower  the  freights,  and if the worst came to  the  worst she would actually give a bonus to  them to send the ores.   The fact was,  they must have these ores, they were so  useful for  fluxing their   own  ores.    At  present the Hall smelter could not treat  these ores,  nor could the Trail smelter,  and until some great capitalist came into  the country and  competed with the United States smelters  they would have to  submit    to    these     extremely     heavy  charges.    But the Slocan ores were absolutely unique in   value,  and they could  stand   these   charges.     Take   such   an  assay as 287 oz. of silver and 72 per cent,  of lead; even  the  United  States  could  not  beat  that.    Such  ores   were  more  valuable than those in any  part of the  world, and would  pay even when silver-  was at the price of tin.    With  regard to  the dividend, as Mr. May had suggested,  and as iie (the chairman) ought to have  said,  of course,   they   had   earned the  dividend;   but  they   had   not   got the  money,  and  therefore could not pay it.  They had made a profit of about ��3,400,  and that was sufficient to pay.a dividend ;  but   probably  before   long   that   profit  would be tincreased,  and  the  directors  would then  be in a position, when they  had the'money, to pay a dividend.  Mr. Drummond, who said he had returned from British Columbia, after  visiting not only the Queen Bess property, but all the mines in the Slocan  district, said he should like to supplement the chairman's remarks in the  direction of making one little correction.  He had been in British Columbia to a  latter period than that to which the  chairman's  information  extended,  and  ast CanaGtfar] ^gWs.  iSs_xS>  C. M. Foley, the defrauding lawyer  of Paris, Out., has been committed for  trial.  , An old lady, a Mrs. Jar-vis, died alone  in her house'in Simcoe, on Sunday last.  It is reported that she left some $7.0,000.  Richard G. McConnell, geologist of  the Dominion Geological Survey, has  been appointed mineralogist of Brittish  Columbia.  The Toronto Country and Hunt Club  and Military are arranging to hold a  great horse show and military tournament in May.  SirSanford Fleming, K.C.M.G., has  been unanimously re-elected Chancellor  of Queen's University, iKingston, for a  further term of three'years."  Thos. Meageer, of Kingston, who held  the position" of customs officer for 40  years previous to his superanuation  some six years'ago,- died on Monday,  agee 74 years.  the office of Dr.  Avhere    William,  was asleep.   He  that he is,hot ex-  he could tell them the Hall smelter was  now able to treat the lead and silver ore  as it was treated in the United States.  This fact, however, would scarcely alter  the drift of the chairman's observations,  because the value of the lead in ore was  so high that the difference in the rate of  freight on the ore and on the smelted  lead was so slight as not to be of much  account. Another reason why it was an  advantage to send the lead to the United States smelters was that the market  for lead was almost entirely in the United,States, and not in Canada or over- in  this country; therefore they had to send  the manufactured article into the United  States in any case.  MINERAL    mSCOVERIKS.  Winnipeg-.���A coal mine has just been  discovered within 30 miles of Winnipeg  near the east bank of the Red River, at  Otterburne. *  About three weeks ago, Mr. A. Cote,  a farmer of that district began to dig  for a flowing- well wherewith to water  his cattle, boring 60 feet down through  sand, hardpan and rock, under which  he struck the first coal bed about 12  feet 'deep, below which was another  layer of sand of a thickness of 10 feet.  He then struck at a depth of 120 feet  the main coal seam, the dimension of  which have not yet been ascertained.  The coal is of a good quality thorough-  out, being- bituminous and soft, and  when burned leaves but a small quantity of ash behind. From the indications there is good reason to believe  that the bed is a very extensive one on  sccount of the napthalic or asphaltic  smell of some wells in the vicinity, and  also on account of the iron fro und near  St. Ealo and along the Roseau river.  Some experts are of the opinion that  the same seam of coal has heen struck  which crops out at Buffalo Point on the  Lake of Woods and is connected with  the famous iron range of Minnedosa ;  or in the alternative that it is some far-  reaching arm of the Souris region. As  to whattests a diamond drill show of  course remains to be seen. In the meantime a company has been formed ro  sink a shaft 10 feet square and the contracts for excavating and timbering-  same are let.  A fire broke out in  Moore,   of    Coburg,  Dorris, an employee,  was so badly burned  pected to recover.  A "working man named AVm. Coe,  who'roomed at the home of John  Nesbitt in Montreal, met his death in a  suspicious manner one nig'ht this week.  John Nesbitt has been arrested on the  charge of murder.  The Quebec Mining- Association recently offered a prize for the best essay  on "Gold Mii:ing in tire Yukon." The  winner of the prize is W, M. Ogilvie,  ji-**, son of "KlondikcOgilvie", and leader of the .exploration party of the Gold  Hills Mining & Development Co.  David Cascadden, aged 55 years, died  on March 3rd, whileunder the influence  of chloroform, administered prior to the  amputation of a finger. The operation  had not been commenced, when he succumbed. The deceased was one of  Kingsville's prominent citizens.       >-���  A young man-named Alex. Myers,  the son of a widow at'Dresden, Out.,  while engaged in training a colt at  Boston, where lie had charge of a celebrated string, received a kick in the  head from the animal, fracturing his  skull and killing him: almost instantly.  A tragedy occurred in Simcoe, Out.,  hist Sunday afternoon, in a tenement  house occupied by several families, it  seems a row took place between some  of the inhabitants in which John Smith  was struck on the head by a stick of  stove wood, from the effects of which he  died.  Some weeks ago a mail robbery  occured between Oil Springs and Edy's  Mills, not far from Petrolia, Out. The  Dominion officer Heron, from Ottawa,  visited Petrolia this week to inquire  into the robbery. Two brothers named  Kersey have been arrested, and will be  tried at Oil Springs on Saturday.  A farmer, named Thos. Moles, aged  55 years, was arrested one day this  week, while driving, in a dazed condition, on the sidewalks of the town of  Brockville. It was discovered after the  arrest that he was suffering from an  epileptic fit. from tiie effects of which he  died a few hours later, at the house of a  friend.  Prospectors are already going north  to the Michipicoten gold' fields,'and returning Indians say there, are numerous  dog-sled parties on'the route. An hotel  is boiiu.' built at Missauabie. The shaft  on the Jubilee claim near Wawa Lake,  belonging to the Great Northern Company,'is down some 50 feet. The quartz  at that depth shows freehold averaging  ��45 a ton.  Quartz   Claims   T oo.  It is learned that a Mr. Whitlaw, of  Victoria, has located a couple of quartz  claims in the Yukon, which he litis  bonded for ��5,000, an evidence that  quartz mining is attracting a good dial  of attention as well as does the placer  "���round in the Yukon. Up in Dawson  City, if a man rose with the sun just  now he would get up about noon, and  at 2:30 he would find it sundown, so the  days are fairly short. David Spencer  and John Cameron are partners in a  claim on Moose Horn creek, and Mr.  Spencer was offered ��2,000 for a quartz  claim he has on All Gold. S. Cameron,  another Victorian, has bonded a claim  on Moose Horn for ��2,000. Bert Shot-  bolt is taking out 75 cents to the pan on  his claim. There are stampedes to new  creeks every dav.  A  number of  located   claims .-  shaft  owned by  pauy.   near  the  coten river,   is  quartz is reported to be.  men from Ohio have,  it Lake Wawa. The  the Gold Fields Coni-  inoiith uf the Michtpi-  down 25 feet, and the  rich in gold. A  Cleveland newspaper correspondent, a  Miss Johnson, who located a good claim  at Lake Wawa last autumn, was married a few weeks ago to a half-breed.  George .1. Fraser, who has been Inland Revenue Officer at Woodstock for  some years, left for parts unknown, last  week.' His books show discrepancies  amounting to $500 or $600. It is also  said that his personal liabilities in town  amount to over 81,000. Mr. Fraser has  always been a respected citizen and it  is universally regretted that he did not  to  strai_hte.n out his  Faber, her aged mother,   now 86 year s  old,   is   overcome   with grief.     Archbishop Fabre,  who died  in December,  1896, was a brother of Lady Oartier.  A dreadful collision occurred on the  C.P.R. near Smith's Falls between three  and four o'clock on the morning of  March'ist. A freight train was running  west followed by an engine, and, at the  usual distance, by another freight train.  Some of the cars broke away from the  front train, which occasioned some  delay before they could be picked up.  Before any warning' could be sounded  the rear train dashed around a curve,  full speed, into the engine and runaway cars, doing a great deal of damage  and killing Charles Sims, the driver,  and Fireman Win. Wilson of the rear  train. Both men lived in Carleton  Place.  At a meeting of the Federal Mining  Institute, held at Montreal on March  3rd, a resolution was adopted expi ess-  ing disapproval of the proposed exaction  of'export duties on gold and silver ores  aud bullion and nickel matte, by the  Government. An interesting paper on  ���'Milling Machinery" was read by Mr.  F. T. Snyder, of Keewatin, Out. Mr.  Hamilton Merritt, of Toronto, also read  an excellent paper on the "Gold-  bearing Reefs of Northern British Co-  iumbia." The Canadian Iron Policy  was discussed and the opinion was expressed that so long as steei rails were  allowed to come into Canada free, the  iron industry could not reach its proper  development.  An .accident occurred on the G.T.R.  on March 2nd. The train for Toronto,  which left Hamilton shortly before one  o'clock, dashed into a. special freight  train, which Avas standing on the siding-  near Burlington junction, waiting foV  the express to pass ' A misplaced switch  was the cause of the accident. The engineer, Thos. Hutchinson, and the lire-  man, James Clark of the express, were  fearfully scalded a.nd injured. Two of  the freight hands were also severely  hurt. All the passengers, among-whom  were Hon. A. S. Hardy, O. A. Rowland,  ex-M.P.P., and several other prominent  men, escaped unhurt, owing to the  pluckiuess of Engineer Hutchinson,  who stuck to his post and reversed the  engine, when he saw that an accident  was imminent. He has since died from  injuries received.  SIVEAKKR    Itrf>GIX!S     RESIGNS.  For the first time in the history of the  province the speaker has resigned in the  middle of a session. Last Wednesday  the clerk called the house to order and  read Speaker Higgins' resignation, which  gave no reasons, but simply thanked the  house for the confidence and forbearance  shown, and in dignified language stated  that Mr. Higgins would do his. duty on  the floor of the house, a simple member.  The Premier, the leader of the opposition  and several other members spoke nicely  of the retiring speaker, and then J. P.  Booth, government member for North  Victoria district, was unanimously elected speaker. Higgins takes the seat in  the house vacated by Booth.  The new speaker is one of the oldest  members of the legislature in length of  service, and was a member of the first  bouse after British Columbia became a  part of the Dominion in 1871. He is said  to be a straightforward, honest man and  true to his convictions, no matter who  gets hurt. It is well-known that Mr.  Higgins' reason for resigning is because  of a difference with the Government on  railway policy.  KaisocI    Hi in    a    Ton.  remain   in   town  affaii s.  Lady Hortense  Gc.onre   Etienne  French-Canadian  Cannes, France, on Feb. 27th,  previous to her 70th birthday,  sided at Cannes ever  since tin  Her  husband.  The highest grade of negro is the  private car porter. It was such ;t negro,  young and with many line mannerisms  and some money, who decided to take a  trip to Europe. In London he made the  acquaintance of several English-bred  negroes. By. these he was shown the  sights nnd introduced into society.  One evening he was invited to "sit  in" a little poker game. He was well  acquainted with the game as played at  home, and did trot hesitate to play. Mis  limited acequaintance with English  money cost him several g'ood pots. At  last he got four aces and knew exactly  where he was, for four aces have their  value the world over. His opponent  "skinned" his hand carefully after cards  had been "doled" and said :  | "Alfll jus* bet yo' a pound, Mistah  widow of Sir! JohnsingA*  famous;     "Well," said the  American, "I don'  died   at! rightly know how much a pound is, but  the dav I A.h'll raise yo' a ton."  She re-! '-���  death of j     Who is that military-looking chap 5"  years    ago.      Mrs. I     That sir, is the hero of a rumored war.  ('artier  Ctirtier.   tlu  statesman. THE LEDGE, NEW DJUNVER, B.C., MARCH 17, 1898.  Fitth Year  The Ledge.  Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOWERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months $ .7ft  Six "         l-'s  Twelve  "  2.00  Threk years :  a.oo  Transient Advertising, 25 cents per line first in  sertion, 10 cents per line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  Correspondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you. wish. Always send something good  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot, and we will do'the rest.  name is past our understanding. Perhaps he went broke on a ranch and is  printing the paper to raise a stake.  Don't stay there, Edwards. Do not  bury your light in the shaft of obscurity when it should be burning on  the mountain top.  KEEP   COOL   BILI.   KcKINLEY.  X.ITERAKY    FAKIRS.  A pencil cross in this square  indicates tluit your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look nt  your collateral.  THURSDAY MARCH 17, 1898.  THE EDITOR'S  SPARE MOMENTS.  It is now said  that  cancer can be  cured by alcohol hypodermically ad  ministered,     If so, it will be a great  boon to the human race.  Klondike is the new name for insanity in the west. It attacks its  victims suddenly as a rule, the principal symptoms being a raving for  yellow metal, and a great desire to  leave home on the first train.  Jes' keep cool, Bill McKinley, an' find out where  you're at.  Don't let the feller bluff ye that's a-talkin' through  hiB hat,  Find out who blew the ship up; be  sure that  you're dead right;  For there's other days a-comin' an' there's time  enough to fight.  Jes' keep cool, Bill McKinley, an' find out every  fac';  Sift things clean to the bottom���we're standin' at  your back;  Don't let up for a minute till the last thing's  brought to light.  For there's other days a-comin' an' there's time  enough to fight.  Jes' keep cool, Bill McKinley, take all the time  you need ���  An'when you're sure'twas Spaniards that did  the hellish deed,  Jes' let us know about it, an' we'll flash our sabres  bright���  Then the time fer talkin's ended ; then the time  has come to fight.  Jes'keep cool, Bill MeKinly, from New England  to the Gate,  From the Great Lakes to New Orleans,  millions  on your call await.  ��i_ _ in  __a___a____  Bamk o  out real  In these days of degenerate newspaper fakes it is a pleasure to read  The Nation, a new paper just issued  at Victoria. It is modeled after the  style of the 'Frisco Argonaut, and  should be a four time winner.  A girl who can play the piano has  generally to be coaxed to exhibit her  talent. A girl who cannot play is always ready to bang the keys of that  divine instrument in a manner that  has a tendency to drive those within  hearing to the verge of Klondikeism.  It is the same in   the newspaper  profession.     Men WllO have the talent I Don't1)'e ^fea\\?d"we\von"t be with you in the glory  ,    i   t    , . ^i ,,      .,,   I of our might  tO instruct and delight the World With   AVhen the time fer talk has  ended,  and the time  the production ot their  pens are too j        hascome to tight,   high-priced tor the ordinary news-; cittin' restless.  paper's bank   aCCOUllt,    if   they follow i'Rears like they're gcttin' restless,  as far  as you  . ���        , i-   ��� tz^i i .. '! kin see���  writing for a living.       If they ClO not, j The, hoys who  followed .Sherman���the boys who  they are lazy and indifferent as to j lt Uiay>fi m^<-dge0''ein, yit somehow, left an'  the value of their talent and seldom j Thcv.^hl3L.rM toother like they're ready  care to contribute anything to the j Sorroir%Jllti/Jff,t i.usti(JR8_<lH.i,o,.si, <iu- ���r flag  press.    Men  who  have  less literary   ,  , .waves  r i An' ripples in the sunshine over so many graves !  talent than Otir    bull    ptip are always |Uut you see-we're all  one   people,  an' hoed our  .... .'..-��� .   . ^,      ! country's call,  Willing tO   rush    into   print   Upon tiie j'An' when tliey  strike one section they interfere  slightest provocation. Many of them I  start newspapers nnd wonder why \  their literary  fire does  not  tint the |  bri  $  Established 1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :-     896,850.04  HEAD   OFFICE,   MONTREAL.  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona aod Mount Roval, G.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G-. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches in all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager.  iMiHHNBr_v<��r^_rw'^_-^_!'^a��-^_Taar��s^^  i"<_araM,��r<OBw^iir^vj��:aMasB''tJ5a--  with all.  ���Atlanta Constitution.  A    CHAPTER    ON    MAN.  universe a hue chat is bright and  crimson. They do not seem to know  that nature and education have something to do with editors.  TI'ip nnhlip in F\nhtpii-iv hassnffprpd I 01ie knows'whither it got  1 lie public m ivootena> nas surrerea j    H(> ris(jth .       ci0thed  First Burglar: "Bill, let's go to  Victoria and do up the legislative  safe."  Second Burglar: "Naw, Snipesey,  nuthiir there. Them delegations  from Kaslo, Sandon and Rossland got  ahead of us, "  Man that is married to woman is of  many days and full of trouble. In the  morning "he drawth his salary, and in  the .evening, behold it is gone lb is a  tale that is told.    It vanisheth and  no  oeth.  ���    up,  ciottied in  the chilly  from this class of fakirs  and will no j garments of the night, and seeketh the  doubt suffer more  before the century l somnamhulent .'paregoric wherewith to  I sooethe his infant posterity,  i He coineth forth as the horse or ox,  j and draweth the chariot of his offspring.  ! He -spendeth his shcckels in the pnr-  j chase of line linen to cover the bosom  I of his family, yet himself is seen in the  | gate of the city with one suspender.  I Yea, he is altogether wretched.���  Robert .1. Burdette.  '&��&&^&  JS-''  GHOCER1ES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES.  SUPPLIES,     .  closes.  THI!     DEBT    PILING    W  People rave and talk about the  hardships in the Klondike, but if they  had edited Slocan papers for several  years they could tell of frosts that  would cause a Dawson City thermoin-  eter to pine away into ordinary  everyday insignificance.  Thousands of people are returning  from Alaska disgusted with themselves and the infatuation that drove  them to that bleak country. As they  are broke and mostly tend erf eet we  advise them to stay out of the Slocan.  "We only want capitalists with bloated  bank accounts.  When the Laurier goyernment  came into power it was generally  supposed the national debt of Canada  would be reduced, since the new.gov-  ernment was pledged to give the  country a more economical adininis-  BIJILDEhr  STOVES,  ENAMEL and T1NWAKE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  PO WDE R, F USE, C A PS,;  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEE1  CHATHAM WAGONS,  ETC.,  New Denver, B. C  If the United States cannot knock  out Spain the Yanks might drop us  a line, and we will have Mann &  Mackenzie look into the matter. As  they are about to clean up a good  part of Canada without any bloodshed  they might do something with Spain  and save many of America's blue-  coated sons from early and neglected  graves.    Dentists say that people of this  age do not chew their food properly,  and in consequence the teeth decay.  Some even go so far as to claim that  future generations will obe without  teeth, and that the under jaw will  disappear. If* such was the case now  jawbone would not be so plentiful as  it has been in the Slocan during the  past year.  We do a great injustice to  Iscariot in  thinking him wicked above  all common  wickedness.    He was  only   a   common  ! money lover, and like  all money lovers,  tration, and to institute such changes j didn't understand Christ���couldn't make;  as would greatly increase the nation's j out the worth of him or the meaning of  ,    ,   A ���. .,   him,    He didn't want  him to be killed.  income and at the same time cunail I He ;,as hon.or stvicken wnen he found  expenses by  cutting off needless ex . j that Christ would be killed; threw- his  npnrlirnr-ps" ! money away instantly, and hanged him-  pencuEurca. A    I self.   How many of the present money  The result has been very different I seekers, think you, would have the grace  from what was expected,   for instead j to hang themselves, whoever was killed?  of reducing the national debt, or even ' ""*"John Ruskm  holding it at the  three hundred and  twenty-six millions mark, it has been  increased fourteen millions under the  new order of things and today stands  at the enormous figure, $340,000,000.  So pronounced  has been the tendency of the government to lavish  expenditure,   and   so   flagrant   the  misuse of the power to land-grant the  Dominion's natural  resources away,  that the Liberal press and party adherents everywhere,   have severely  criticised the course pursued.    It is a  common axiom that when you touch  a man's pocket-book you  touch  his j  heart, and in  the present case we j  are given an excellent  illustration!  of it.  As a sample of Liberal criticism we  produce the following petition addressed to the Premier by the Liberals  of Chateauguay county, Que., which  presents the case most clearly:  "This petition of the undersigned  electors of the county of Chateaguay  lespectfully showeth:  "That their properties have, during the past 15 years, fallen in value  I am offering special  inducements to  my patrons in  Do not miss this opportunity  for our Worsteds, Serges,  Tweeds, Trouserings and  Overcoatings are the newest  and host in the Slocan country. Satisfaction guaranteed   or   mo nev    refunded.  C. S. RASHDALL,  Notary Public  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES & REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MI NINO  INTERESTS BOUGHT,   SOLD   axjj UONDEO.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  asgg&aBK��_��a_w_^  BBS  H. T. BRAGDON,  ���wr k-wrrcu _tt  ���^BWM*��MMiW��^W^M-Ji__Blk����M��W-_M___i_W^rPWK*������n  New Denver, B.C,  A. H. Wilson,  The Reliable Slocan  Williamson Block. New Denver.  I'ailor.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  The  British, L0ND0N.:EKG*  ., Subscri)' ' " -   Columbia*  Review  Heavy and Shelf Hardware1,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  .Supplies,  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  1 carry one of the largest  nnd best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Koolenay,  and shall lie pleased to quote  prices upon anything required  in my line. -  B3M;_����cffiaiBia{!<__SO^ jmii|W��r.rT,  ���if ii uiw;wii._-_w  fiLilLi.  Subscription, ga.fto peraiiuuni  o   Brokers,    Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining claims. Mining  Engineers, Assayers.  Journalists and others':���  Advertise in the   II.   C. Koview,    The  only   representative    li.    C.   .Journal    ii:  _mope.     A Good investment  W. S. Dkkwry  Kaslo, B.C.  H.T.TwiGi;  New Denver, B.C.  It has been said that all those who  do not pay the printer go to hell.  Not being- orthodox we do not believe  the assertion, but we do know that  many have gone to the Klondike  without making- their peace with us.  As that famous place, from all reports,  is a winter resort for hades we suppose there is some truth in the front  part of this paragraph.  The human  It's Papa at_ Baby  fl">-On night shift.-O  Sin is said to be a hard master, but it, can't outdo  the unruly babe that handles its pa with on iron  hand and a sound pair of lungs. Babies are  vest-pocket editions of men and women. They  fully   One-third,'   and   are   difficult Of | have likes and dislikes, wants and don't wants  sale even at that great reduction.  "That the fall in the value of their  farms is due to the decrease in their  earning capacity, for, even when the  land is skillfully cultivated, and industry and economy prevail, the income derived affords little more than  a bare Jiving.  "That, being in this serious plight,  your petitioners view with anxiety  the continued increase of the public  debt, which means to them additional  taxation and heavier lines on their  real estate.  "That the necessity of raising a  larger revenue to meet the interest of  and are most outspoken in them. If they are  treated kindly���well, most of them will bawl  anyhow, and there is only one remedy���get a  Baby Carriage. AVc have them. Call and  see them. ./list what papa and the baby want,  and mama's yearning for.  Now that carpet-laying time has come we want [  to tell you that   we can heat the world laying  carpels.  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  New    Fui-iiitui-e Dealei-H and Repairers  Denver's     Undertakers and Emlmlmers.  N. B We have the only practical Undertaker  and Embalmer doing business in the Slocan.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial Land Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford. McNeil Code.  JtSTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  j^L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc  Sandon, B. C.  Q M. WOODWORTH, M.A.,  LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCER, Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  T^    G. FAUQUIER.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp. B.C.  Th-  Windsor  RESTAURANT  ��\^_*\<��)  In NEW DENVER is always ready to do  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  <  R.  fn���^ a~  ,,,-w-   i I the public debt ensures thecontinu-j  _ family do  not   know , anc> of protective dutieg.  so that the !  when their bread has real buttor on j farmer loses doubly, for he has not:  it, as is evidenced by the numbers1 only to help to pay the interest but'  who have left  the  famous Slocan to:.�� Pav niore for goods manufactured  le  otherwise would.  DR. MILLOY,  E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  willim & JOHNSON.  (McGill)  pick up nuggets in the frozen regions1 ,n S,!ia?a. 6l\a" ,    ,,   .  , -n       '        'hat. instead, as we fondly hoped  ot tliem   will re-  wou]d bf. t;hc casC)  of cllc d(J��t bei  of the north.    Most  turn like the prodigal son who wrote. reduced, or at least  kept at at stand-  his papa a note as follows: "Meet me  in the suburbs of New Denver with a  suit of clothes.    1 have a hat.''  We have spoken elsewhere of how  the human teeth die from lack of  proper exercise, it is the same with  every organ of the human bodv.  Many muscles are now obsolete that  the ancients had use for. In the  early days people  could   wag their  still under your administration, it  has risen from $320, COO, 000 to $340.-  000,000.  "That, having regard to their own  solvency and the future of their children, your petitioners regard it as  imperatively necessary that there be  no more loans.  "That if it be urged putting an end  to borrowing would stop the development of Canada, we would remind  you that no interest can be of more  importance   to   the    welfare   of the  Rooms in RecoHotel, Sandon.  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Cliemists.  Slocan  City.   iTnirMniniririrTi  u <���  Travelers  Will tind tin  ears.    In all our experience we have! Dominion than  those  of its farmers,  only met one man who could do that.  We never could see any advantage  in this ear wagging business, although it might be useful in fly time.  The Free Lance,   published by H.  C. Edwards, in Welaskimin, Alberta, ,  is one of the smallest and best written  and that suspension of subsidies to  railways and extension of public  works would be less injurious to the  general wealth than the. continued  decay of the farming industry.  "Therefore, we pray, that no further additions be made to the debt of  the Dominion, and that money needed  for   extraordinary   expenditure    be i  Arlington Hotel  *     n pleasant place to st.np at when in  3l:<ean City.  (a'RTlllXG & HENDERSON.  Proprietors.  Hotelis op Kootenay J  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.       |  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver;  ASSAVE^S OF B. G.     j  OTEL SANDON,  ^f\    ^v\    7ft    "tA    ?ft    7r\  Sandon, B.C.  A.  DRISCOLL. (A E  |-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. I\ S M. Loudon, Km:  i  i MINING ENGINEER,  i ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  i & ASSAYER.  i  ; Properties   ex;imiiic<l    and    reported  on   for   in  | leiM.linjr i"irr'h.-i-<ers.  ' i     Assay office and  Cliemic.-il   Laboratoi v.  Helle-  I vne uve. New lienver. 15 C  nrms NEW HOUSE,  with the old name, is  well equipped  to  accommodate a large  number of Guests.      The building is plastered  and the rooms are   unsurpassed  for comfort in  the Slocan, while in   the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.   Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The editor  has - f?nnd by reducing the public establishment to a standard  in   keeping  .    ,   .... ,,,. . .      . with the means of its laboring classes,  m brilliancy.     Why such  a  writer; of which  the farraers form the most  stays in a town  with such a frightful: important part."  papers  in  Canada.  brains and a style  that assays  high  I" ominion & Provincial  La^d Surveyor.  Slocmi City.  B.C  WANTED ���Tcjichers, Barristers, Physicians  and   others of   sin.ilar   training for high  class  solicitinjr.    Will   pay  forty dollars weekly  on  (lomonstration of necessary'ability.  BRADLEV-0ARRETS!)NCOMPANY, Limited  Toronto.  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  D  R. A. S. MAHs  ..L.  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Sandon.  H.-is ample accoiiiinodiiticins for a la rue number of people.     The rooms are large  and airy, and  the Dhiinjr Room is provided witli everything  in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  Graduate of American Collegeof Dental Surgery  Chicago  John Buckle}', Prop. Fifth Yeab.  THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 17, 1898.  DE   DAYS   BEFORE   DE   BOOK.  HY GEORGE KANKIN.  (The following verses are from the  Een of Mr. George Rankin, of Sault Ste  fane. They convey in charming  dialect���which is as correct phonetically as it is clever���the keen regret of  the old Frenchmen at the ruthless inarch  of .'time, and .'the changes which have  taken place in the Soo since the boom.  There is a; neat touch of pathos with  the humor, and the character is one  that will be readily recognized, and his  sad retrospection will find ready sympathy among many old settlers who  have not yet become accustomed to the  busy whirl of a 3roung and growing  city". Mr. Rankin has handled the  character with a fine appreciation of the  pathetic side of what is known in these  parts as the "habitant." To thoroughly  realize this, one should hear him deliver the verses.)  Glad to see vou and shook yo  dat  Hallo, mah fren !  han'agin.  What!   Not knows me !    Well, hah Geor;  was moss a mottelle sin,  Not recollee' yo' ole cumrad at camp of 110m-  b.-tire tree,  When wc wus draw down dose log on de Riviera  Manistee!  Ay  yas!    Ah  sueposc, 'inn   change���every thing  " wus lac. dat here-  No more ole clos'an' much you want ov pork an'  been nn  beer,  T'ings goes'long fuss class tin* sure an' floreech  lass and bloom  An' all us Frciichmans  prospare well  sence de  (lays before de boom.  Jfieu  wus content wit  'moose  : train���an' on suminaire  an'  now ect is  kin  propare  ay  dose ole tain  we  haiiyting to do,  On vvintare wit' our do,  wit' canoe;  Hut dem day wus all  gone pas.-  deei'oraiit ting,  Dc   _ rcuelmiai's   what's    got  wheeslc, dance an'sing;  Mais change, pour change,ah ! doan tink wcfeels  lac. dat  Scnct; weshuves aside hour ole. close an' wears a  hi' plug hat.��� ,  P'raps our warf'an' datteur does���doac womans  lacs more room ;  But me !   Ah wus more satcesfy  een dc days before de boom.  leef on  dat ole eorneaur hous  an' tree four great beeg  No. sair. we doan'  no more,  She's all pool down  now  new breek store,  Dat'slook to me lac well dressstranger just arrive  in town,  Stjii)' sentry dare to tell de beesy  passer up an'  down'  Dat eon fie sheefting ban' ov tain does wcel be  grate, eectav  Wit' trade an'cofrimarce, he very wares an 'man u-  faeture prescnlay,  An' fright away de gooses ov our once ole happy  home���  Di; home iwe leeved an' loved een, een de flays  before de hoot)).'  Parblen. (hit's mac me feel so strange an' meeser-  abbal too,  All dose change an' ah ax mesert'ees docs dc sum'  ole Soo  Ware ah  was barfoot by an'growed up mans  inore.'sfeeftay vear!  Efts dees de sain' ole passe wares leef all dose ah  luv moss dear.  Ware ah knows all de mans an' woman���all de  dogs an'chile  Air nil do horses an' fluck ov goosesfor more dan  twenty mile!  Ware wus any, dose fren  ov mine ?   Dey's not  bury een dare toom !  Dey wus loss amongst de strangeur dut have  come here sence de boom.  We Ieeys now on wan big new hous wit' cupolo  top ov cot.  AU paint up red an' feex up good���you muss come  down an' sec't.  Av got some monnah on de bank an'tree, four  house besides,  Mali war wit' plume an' posay on, een heasy ear-  ridge rides,  Mah datteur Julie's dress so fan dey ses she's  kotch a dude.  An' bote ov dem de scolls at me an' calls ine fool  an' rude,  'Cos ah wus agin dat stile wit' dose posay an' dose  plume,  An' tiiilc we wus far betlairc off een de days before de boom.  Well, yas ! sumtam ah look soinet ing. inais not  on dat saloon,  Acose eeh dare dey keeps wan ov dem rascal  hellophoon,  An' sence man waf on our new hous have just de  same ting, too,  She's know too much 'bout wat's go on ware dey  Keeps deem ecu de Soo.  An'dough ah knows fees fuss class ting to be  yousefl' dc boss,  Steel eet wus not 'zactly heltay to hav a womans  cross,  So we groan down to wan mah fren' wlios keep a  preevat room  Au'dreenk wan glass on honeurov de days before de boom.  aUuaves  that  will   aiKi/r away  So  nsiitiorml Story Told  Snow    Coflins    lit  by a Prodigal  Skagway  of  Horror crowds horror as I lie details of  the condition of affairs at Skaway raise  to the surface. L. M. Wear, of Tucson,  Ariz., tells a story of the situation there  which is almost past belief :  "1 have got all I want of Skag-svay,  he said. "It is horrible. There are  more people dying there than they let  on. You only hear of those in your immediate neignborhood. When the  snow andaice melts up there it will tell  an awful story. Then the graves will  give up their dead and the horrible  truth will come out. They only bury  them ice deep: The ground is too hard  to make earth graves. They dig a  hole in the ice and snow and tumble  them in. That is the end. No one  knoivns them; nobody cares, in the  East, somewhere, friends and relatives  are waiting for them to come .back.  But they will never come back."  "Thev box them up in coffins, don't  they r" i  He laughed, with a significant shake |  of the head that might have meant any-)  thing.  ���''Yes, they use eoflins," he. replied  after a pause, but still smiling. ''Titer  use coflins. They take tliein to the  grave in coflins."'  "You don't mean to say they "'  He interrupted me with a shrug of his  .shoulders,and that smile,which implied  so much, deepened.  "Wood is expensive and hard to get  up there,''  lie said.    "They  have the  decency to carry them to the grave in a  coffin ; a rough, pine coffin, "and  then  ���well, no   one   knows   them or cares  except one or two friends; and   what  can they dor1   And some of them don't  go to see if the coffin is buried with the  body or not.    It  is  the   custom   there.  But.   when   the snow   and  ice   melts  hundreds of bodies will float out to the  ocean, and there  will be people in the  East who will watch  and wonder,  audi  wait and pray,   but  it  will   avail them |  nothing'.    They will  never come back.;  not even a coffin to rest in.   J_ven his  grave will melt away in the spring.  "When I was there I saw two big  strapping fellows brought in from the  mountains. There were frozen solid.  Yes, they had blankets enough and a  good. tent. But they overworked. They  made horses of themselves. These fellows think they can stand anything.  They try to show off. They shoulder  big packs, and people admire them for  their prowess. They like that. They  work until they sweat. It weakens  them. They lie" down, worn out, in  their damp clothes, and then they wake  up with a cold. In a short time they  are dead. They can't stand everything,  after all. To perspire in Alaska is  fatal. These big, strong fellows go  just as quick as the smaller ones, in  fact, the weaker ones stand it better.  They don't work so hard. They take  it easy, and let the big fellows do the  work."  When a man lies down in'his damp  clothes and falls into one of those  heavy, dead lumbers it is liable to be  fatal.' He may freeze, and he may  catch cold. Death follows. A great  many are going over the passes, but a  great many are coining back, too. The  water in Skagway is something awful.  It seems,to carry alum and borax.)  Everyone who uses it suffers from  violent cramps.  "The water is simply vile, it soaks  through under the ice and brushes past  dead horses, human bodies and filth.  This is what they drink. The air is  already noisome with "vises arising  from decaying bodies. When' summer  conies it "will be hideous. Is it any  wonder they do not recover when they  are sick there:-* Is it any wonder they  arc taken ill ?  "Spinal meningitis is carrying them  off, too. 1 had it. I first had pains in  1 the back of the head. They took me  right here; right at the base of the  brain. All my bones ached. And such  funny ideas went through my head.  It was just like a dream. Some of them  were pleasant, and some were not. My  head fairly whirled with ideas. They  thought I.'was done for, as. they rarely  last more than a day or two. .Some die  iu an hour. They'covered me up with  blankets and gave me a sweat. I guess  their principal object was to give me  a comfortable death. It brought me  out, though, and I recovered fast when  the delirium and fever passed away. It  is like nmlaria.  "There are desperate men in Skagway. Some of them are not bad men  at heart. But they are without food  and money, and don't care whether  thev live or die. They go up to a man  and demand money. It is a case of  food or death, and they demand the one  to buy the other. If you refuse, they  say then we will both die tog-ether.  That is the way they reason. It is  money or your life. They don't care  what happens. They think a swinging death is no worse than a starving  one. In fact, they prefer to die on a full  stomach.  "Some of these neople had sooner die  than not. They don't want to live. All  that they have struggled for is gone.  Ambition is crushed. They came in  short, and could not go over the line,  some of them, and they had no money  to get back with, and there they are.  They can't move backward nor forward. They started out to make their  fortune, and" this chance'is denied them  by the laws of the country through  which they expected to reach the land  of gold. But some of them would have  been no better off had they gone  through. I saw a party of men board  the boat I came down on. When the  purser asked them for their tickets,  thev said, 'We have none !' The purser  told them they would have to get off  the boat then.   They   looked at him  and said:   "You , vou brought  us here, and now you take us back !'  They were not put off. They were  armed, and if they had been refused the  entire crew would have been murdered  and thrown overboard."'  Wear thinks Seattle had the worst  band of sharks he ever saw. He said :  "I have oeen all over, and rubbed  against the worst blacklegs in the  country, and have never been done up,  but they have $500 of my money, and  they took it from me in about two  minutes, and I don't know when they  took it, either, nor how they got it.  They rubbed up against me there, and  the first I knew my money was gone.  I was there looking for Professor  Couseinan. 'Wo couldn't ��� get over the;  divide because we hadn't provisions j  enough, and we gave him $2,500 to get  more. He was io get $2.500 more in  Seattle.'  "He is interested with me iu a mine  in Mexico, which we bonded for 850,-  000. About S2,500 was due us two  weeks a_o, anrl we intended to have it  telegraphed to us. Couseinan telegraphed for this money, but I haven't  seen him since. 1 'looked all over  Seattle for him, but 1 couldn't find him.  I think he has met with foul play. I  put the police on the case.  "There was no object in Couseinan's  running away with this money He  could not realize from the Mexican  mine without giving a clew to his  whereabouts. I think he was murdered by some of Seattle's blacklegs. He  had a great habit of showing his  money. He did that here. He liked  to pull out a big roll of bills iu front of  people.    I  used  to tell him   he would  A   CHRISTIAN    COWBOY'S   CREED.  I am no professiii' Christian  bold.  Hain't been gathered  with  chosen's sacred fold,  An' I never groan in apint while  the way  Tliat the reckless unbelievers sin  every day.  All" tbe creecf I try to  practice is  golden rule.  Never hear no sacred music but the breezes fresh  an' cool,  An' the only church o' worship onto whicli my  fancy clings,  Is the outdoor church o' Nature, whar' the Lord's  a runnin' things.  of the sort the cities  the chosen  in the  a thinkin'  o'  around  me  the ol'-time  SIBERIAN    GOLD   MINKS.  I kin get more soothin' comfort from the music  o'the brooks  Than the preachers o'creation ever rassled out o'  books  An'the sighin' o' the breezes an'the singin' o'  the birds  Brings out a sort o' Christian feelin' you   kin  never get from words.  There is sermons in the sunshine,  there's  discourses in the flowers,  There is heavenly baptism in the gentle springtime showers.  There is life an' inspiration in the brooks an' in  the springs  Out; in  Nature's  sanctuary whar'  the Lord's a  runnin' things,  \Vhen I'm ridiii' on the night herd every star tha  gleams above,  Seems' a sparklin'  gem   that's   spcakin' o' the  .Master's kindly love,  An' the flashiu' o' the lightiiin' an  ���an��ry roar  Tells ine  o'  the   power   majestic  o'  the Bein'  1 adore. I  When the storm in awful fury is aliowliu' in j  its wrath, j  Like us if Yd sweep the cattle jes' like feathers j  from its iiath, .  I'm contented as the sage chicken  underneath j  their mother's wings', i  Out in X-i.ture's big cathedral, whar' the Lord's a I  runnin' things. !  ie final summons sent to tell me I  from the ranges  When I hear t  must go  To the round-up in the heavens  here below.  Not a song, nor not a .sermon nor a ceremonious  play  J>o I want in the percedin's when my body's laid  away.  I would rather far be buried on the ranges all  alone,  With fhe spot whar' I'm sleepin' never marked  by boa rid or stone,  So's when Gabriel sounds his trumpet 1 kin rise  and spread my wings  From the grassy slopes o' Nature whar'the Lord's  a runnin' things.  ���James Barton Adams.  Some details furnished to the Geographical Scociety of Paris confirm the  statements .made from time to time as  to the value of the gold deposits in  Siberia.   The particulars   were given  by M. E. D. Levat, C. E., who  went  over the ground in the company of a  Russian engineer, M. Th. Sabachnikoff.  They state that an immense development   of   the  gold   placers   has   been  carried on between  the  Ural and Vla-  divostock.     Nowhere  in   the   world,  states M. Levat,   are  there such  vast  stores of gold and spread over v.o large  a surface.   Eastern Siberia at present  produces between 135,000,000 and 185,-  000,000 francs of gold, without taking  into acceunt what is clandestinely exported.    In   the  Amoor province,   at  least a quarter of the production is so  dealt with.   Tiie majority of the mines  are situated lav from  tiie Amoor, from  whence stores and provisions have to  be drawn and  considerable transport  difficulties are experienced.    Work can  only be carried on for about 100 to 120  days in   the  year���say  from  May to  the thunder's I September���for the indispensable water  i-is frozen hard for the  rest of the time.  | During the cold season, however, pros-  i pecting is   carried   on.   No   medal  is  j without its reverse.   The smuggling of  'gold is  reduced   to a fine art'."   Entire  j villages exist of gold stealers, who are  practically free, as the result of the immense distances   open to their enterprise.    If caught,  they affirm the  comes from China.  ASSESSMENT    ACT     A~SD  REVENUE   TAX  Nelson   Division  of West  I>i strict.  Kootenay  Rosebery  I    The northern connecting point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  ;'Has the only safe  ,; Slocan City,'  RROV1NCIAL  ACT.  harbor north of  ���VfC-TICE IS HEREBY GIVEN in accordance  I> with the Statutes, that Provincial Revenue  Tax, and all taxes levied under tiie Assessment  Act, are now due for the year 1898. All the  above named taxes collectible within the Division of Nelson, West Kootenay District.  Assessment taxes arc collectible at the following rates, viz:  If paid on or before June .-jnth. 18<iS���  Thr-ee-tilths of one per cent, on real property.  Two and one-linlf per cent, on assesssd value  of wild land.  One-half of one-per cent.  ��hi   personal property.  On so much ol, the income of am- per on as  exceeds one thousand dollars the following  rates, namely:     Upon   such  excess of income when the ��aiue  is not more than ten  thousand dollars, >ue per cent : when such  excess is over ten thousand dollars nnd less  thai: twenty thousand dollars, one and one-  (jiiarter of one per cent.:   whoa such excess  is over twenty thousand dollars, one and  one-half per cent,  lid after 1st, July. 18!iS���  Rosebery  j It is at Rosebery where the beauti-  | ful Slocan steamer ties up over night  ! and where the employees can bring  1 their families.  Rosebery  ! Lots were put on the market June 28  land are selling fast. You cannot  I afford to wait if you want a lot. They  I are going up. ��� ��� * '  Rosebery  gold  SO.M 10    A I > V KIVV IS I SO .  Il'ITAl'HS.  Here lies the body of James Hamhiuck,  who was accidentally shot in the -Pacus  River by a voting man: with one of !  Colt's large revolvers, with no stopper!  for the hammer to rest on. It was one,'  of the old-fashioned sort, brass mounted : j  and of such is the kingdom of Heaven.  In one of the cemeteries near Paris, a !  small lamp some years ago was kept;  burning under an urn over a grave; and j  an inscription on the gravestone ran thus |  when translated into English : "Here !  lies Piic.rkk Victor Foukxikk, inventor of !  the Everlasting Lamp, which consumes j  only one centime's worth of oil in one |  hour. He was a good father, son, and j  husband. His inconsolable widow con- >  tinues his business in the Rue. aux Trois. I  Goods sent to all parts of the city. Do |  not mistake the opposite shop for this." j  A tapster at Upton-on-Severri certainly j  had an eye to main chance,  if lie really  inscribed  the  following  epitaph  on his i  if i.  f        Four-tilths of one per cent,  on  real properly,  i       Three per ei'iit. on the assessed value of wild  land.  Three-fourths of one per cent, on personal pron-  erty.  tin so much of the income of any person ,-Is  exceeds one thousand dollars, the following  rates, namelv: l.'pon such excess when the  .'���a inc. is not more than ten thousand dollars,  one and onoi|iiarlcrof one percent.; when  such excess is over ten thousand dollars and  less than twenty thousand dollars, one and  one-half of one per cent.: when such excess  is over twenty thousand dollars, one and  three-(|iiarrers of one per cent.  provincial Revenue Tax, .*3.n(. per capita  JOHN   KEEX.  Assessor and Collector.  Kaslo, Feb. .-.th, 18.9S.  CERTIFICATE OF IfVSPROVEM-NTS  Kaslo Mineral  Claim.  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is. plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will ap-,  preciate the home comforts of  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile, eas-. of Cody on  the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  TAKE -NOTICE that 1, AV. D. McKay, acting  I     as agent, for J), E. Sprague.  free miner's  ccrtiticafe No. 07.131 and John  S.  Parker, free  miner's certificate No.  7778.'),  intend sixtv days  from the date hereof to apply to Ihe -Mining Recorder for a certilieare of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further (nice notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this lilth dav of .January, ififw.  Oro Mineral  Claim.  SLOGAN CITY TOWXSITK.  father's gravestone:  Beneath this stone, in hope of Zion,  Doth lie the landlord of the Lion :  His son keeps on the business still.'  Resigned unto the Heavenly will.  And not less so an American stonemason, who made the same tombstone  serve the double purpose of a mortuary  memorial and a trade advertisement:  "Here lies .Tank Smith, wife of Thomas  Smith, marble-cutter. This Monument  was erected by her husband as a tribute  to her memory, and as a specimen of his  work. Monument in this style, two  hundred and fifty dollars."  A "baker's dozen" was originally the  devil's dozen, thirteen being the number  of witches supposed to sit down together  at their great meetings or sabbaths.  Hence the superstition about sitting  thirteen at a table. The baker was an  unpopular character, and became substitute for the devil. (Query, Why was  the baker unpopular ?)  The explanation of the proverbial saying about "Hobson's choice" is given by  Steele in the Spectator, No. 509. Hob-  son kept a livery stable, his stalls being  ranged one behind another, counting  from the door; each customer was obliged to take the horse which happened to  be in the stall nearest the door, this  chance fashion of serving being thought  to secure perfect impartiality.  As they say their last "good-bye" a  clock strikes ten, eleven, twelve. George  ���How the time flies when you are by  try side, dear. Daisy���Yes, George; but  that's papa in the dining-room settin  the clock. _,        A    Modern    -lose),!!.  I 'PAKE NOTICE ;hat Messrs. Suckling Brothers'  j 1 Agency has expired, and that no person  ! other "than the undersigned, has authority to  j make contracts, receive payments, etc. All  j communications and payments, with reference  i to the Townsite should be forwarded to the  ; Tki.tstek, who will, siurn all agreements and  deeds.  FRANK FLETCHER, Trustee.  NOTICE.  A ��we        .. . ... .  r_   Restaurant on the lath of A pril, all accounts  due the firm must be paid at once.  All the restaurant and hotel furniture will be  offered for sale.  JACOBSON & CO,  New Denver, B. C. March 10,1808.  Hotel Vevey  Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevey, Slocan Lake, B.C.  Situated   in   the Slocan 'Mining "Division   of  West Kootenay District.     Where located:  About, one mile  ea't  of Cody. ��� on  the south  fork of Carpenter Creek  rpA.K'E NOTICE that J. AV. I)   McKay., acting  I    as agent for I). E. Sprague, free minor's eer  iicate Xo.!i7f);ll. and John S. Parker, free miner's  ccrtilicate No. 77,"3D, intend sixty daws from the  date hereof to apnly to the .Mining Recorder for a  eertiiieate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of-the above claim.  And further take .notice, that action under section .37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, lSiiS         AIiiih No. 'A  Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of AVesfc  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  nPAKE NOTICE that I. W. D. McKay, acting  1 as agent for D. E. Sprague, (ree miner's certificate No. 07531. and John S Parker, free  miner's certificate Nc. 77730, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to appky to the Mining-Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant, of the above  claim.  And further take notice tluit action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, 1898.  Comiskey Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of A\rest  Kootenay   District.     Where   located:  On  tl.e G-alenu  Farm, adjoining the Peerless  mineral claim oi> the north.  T\AKE NOTICE that I. Francis J". O'Reillv of  1   Silverton,  B. C as agent for the Galena  Mines Ld, (Foreign) Free Miner's Certificate No.  7295 A., intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st dav of February, 1.8.98.   FRANCIS 1. O'REILLV.  Humbolt,   Mineral    Claim.  of  all   kinds,   cull  write.  <' WJFJeetzel & Co,  DRUGGISTS. Nelson, B. C.  do it once  done it."  too often.    And I iniess  lie's  A .Seotch paper tells of a dream and  its interpretation which in truthfulness  will rank with Joseph's famous explanations :  Dundee harbor lately  awakening, a curious  uid during the night,  ie saw coming toward  four rats. The first one  uid  was  followed  bv two  Situate iii the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay district. Where located: On F<nir  Mile Creek, an extension of the Vancouver  No. a.  'PAKE NOTICE that I. F. S. Andrews, agent  i for W. H. Hell.var. Free Miner's Certificate  No. ll/iS A, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And. further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must; be commenced before the issuance of such  ccrtilicate of iniproeeinents.  Dated this 5th dav of November, 1897.  F. S. ANDREWS.  Agent f<n-_VV. H. Hellyar.  Mammoth Mineral Claim.  ! Men are noAV grading and clearing-  ��� the townsite, and several buildings  j are abouc to be erected.  Eosebery  j Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Eosebery  j Will become the great Concentrating  | City of the Slocan, having abundance  j of water and being easy of access to  j the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Eosebery  (Terms, ��-,cash; balance three and six  ! months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General "Agen  INTERNATIONAL     NAVIGATION  & TRADINGS.,  LTD.  KOOTENAY LAKE AND RIVER.  Summer Card.   Effective March 15, 1898.  SS.   INTERNATIONAL.  Southbound. Northbound.  Read down Read up.  Sandon  Train lvs daily. l:oo pm    10.50 am trai.i a r daily  Kaslo  ar      "     3:-l.apni      8:00 am     "     lvs    "  Boat lvs daily Boat ar dailv  except Sunday...a:taam      8:10 pin..except Sundy  A uisworlh  "    '   "       ..OMaam       7:10pm..       "  - Pilot, Bav  "       "       ..7:15 am       0:30 pin..       "      '''  Balfour  "       "       ..7:.15am       (i.-OOpm..       "   '<:"  Five Mile Point  -..-���:���-'       "       ..9:00 a in      5:1 :.i pm..       "���      u  Nelson  "        "       ..9:45am       4M5pm..        " '     "  Train ar daily        Northport        Train lv daily  except Sunday Vi :5S pm      i:00 pm.. except Sun.  Rossland  "       "       . .i':5l) pm       1l':0() m..        "  Spokane  ..0:10pm      8:00 am..       '���       "  SS. ALBERTA.  Sandon  Train lv daily.. 1.00 pin       Kl.50aniTrain ar daily  Kaslo  "     ar daily..3.15; m      8.00 am    "   lv daily  Boat lv Tues. Boat ar Moii.  and Saturday..5.0fi pin      1 00 am..and Tuesday  Ainsworth  "       "       ..ii.20pm      ll.-lo pm  Pilot Bay  "   ,    ..7.00[im       11.00 pm  Kuskonook  .lO.oiinin      8.00 pm...Sun. & Wed.  G-oac River  "     12.(10 night      (iOOpm  Boundary'  Wed. ���Sun. .. l.ooam      5.00 pm        "  Bonner's Ferry  ;'      "   ar..8.00am      .'.oopmlv   "  Train lv "     .11.10 am      1.15 pm train ar ���'   "  Spokane  "       ���' '        ..a.-lniim       7.00 am    "      lv  Meals ami Berths not included.  Passengers on SS. International from Nelson.  Spokane, etc., for points on Kootenay lake south  of P'lot Bay, will connect at that point with the  SS. Alberta.  Passengers for Nelson via SS. Alberta, from  points south of Pilot Bay, can, by airangement  with purser, have stop-over at Pilot Bav or Ainsworth, or connect with SS. In tern.it ion al at  Kaslo.   ���  The company's steamers connect Kootenay  Lake and Slocan points with all points in the  United States and Canada, by way of Spokane  and Kootenay river.  Tickets sold and baggage checked to all points  bv pursers on steamers or at our office.  GEORGE- ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  P. O. Box l���, Kaslo, B.C.  .  k  TIME CARD  A laborer ot the  told his wife,  on  dream which he  1  He dreamed that 1  him, in order  was very fat,  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Situate in the Slocaii Mining Division  of West-  K oo ten ay    District.     Where located:    Ad-  joininc the Mountain Chief. Carpenter Creek.  'PAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent  L   for John A. Finch, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 107-1 A.. Alfred W.Medina. Free Miner's Certificate No. Ol7->7 and George  W.   Hughes, Free  Miner's Certificate  No.  011175, intend sixtv days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a eertiiieate   of  improvements,  for the purpose of obfnining.a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice  that action,  under  section   :!7.   must   be  commenced  before the  i-suanee of.such cert iticnte of improvements  Da toil this l.'lth day of Januarv. 1808.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  ���f mimic  TCmshv    on    Hearts.  Ol  Hearts is located in yure  vour   sturmnicks.     Th  insides rtdiin  e   lizzeoloirv  says they works like pumps, which is  the milkman's best friend. Tho hefirt  is a very important organ, but it doesn't  make, no inusick.  My brother, which   is  a  '���What harmony when two  like.   1."   1   wish   pa, wood  ing from -2 hearts.  i��.  keeping there  under the ice  They art;  and snow. ;  "I know one man who left a family!  in Missouri. He told me before he died  that he had a wife and iive children !  waiting for his return. They think lie,;  is in Alaska digging gold. He will :  never come back! They will wait for ,'  him, that wife and those children, but;  they will not hear from him a<rain. His ,,  grave is not even marked. He is buri-1  ed there with others. He lies there.-  under the snow. There was not a i  flower nor a tear at the funeral.  He has J  lotcU, says :  learts beets  take a less-  He beats like ii().  a tole me once his heart was back  in the old viligge where he was born .-  but I am afraid he is a lyre, becos when  Kate was married he said : "My heart  is 2 full 2 much," and he didn't get no  telegraft from his birthplace. Bymeby  he fell under the tabul, and some wun  sarkasticallv remarked that it was verv  full.  King Richard had a lying heart: but  I have got a broked heart, which is  worse. Dere reader, ain't a girl heart-'  less to give me the cold stare bocos my j  hare is redy Can 1 avert the dcekrees j  of the, Fates, which has a hold on i  mortals. I  lam   a.   cynick    now,   which   neauesj  evervone is a fool but me.���Ji.m.mm-:.  lean ruts, the rear rat being blind. The  dreamer was greatly perplexed as to  what might follow, as it had been understood that to dream of rats denotes coming calamity. He appealed to his wife  concerning this, but she, poor woman,  could not help him. His son, a sharp  lad, who heard his lather tell the story,  volunteered to be the interpreter. "The  first rat," he said, "is tbe man who keeps  the public house that ye gang till sae  often, and the twa lean anes are me und '  my inither, and the blind ane is verself.  father." ' ,  Who could give a better answer '.'  Slopping    flu'     Country    I'ress.  Leave 8 no A.M.  ������   s ,-fi;     ������  ������   :i ::r>  ���'    !l 51  ������ pi n.'i  ������ io is ������  ������ pi :is ������  Arr.  io 5ii ������  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Mngi  GEO  Kaslo Arrive  South Furl;  Snroule's '  U hi tew ate*  Hear La*ce '  .McGuigan  Cody.J unction "  Sandon Leave  s.  COPELAND,  Sunerinteiideiil  railroad aud steamship tickets  to  points,  apply to  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  For chi'ii  nd from al  Atlantic Steams! Lines.  ! T  Uickinsou  daily press  ridicule tiie  dered  hoi  County, S.D., Herald:   The  should   not   be too hasty   to  Davenport   woman  who or-  >aper discontinued because it  ('aliforniu.  Allan  Parisian.  CiirthiiKiniiin  l.uhrudor.Doiniiiion  Vnncoiivi'r.  Una  Line..  From .Montreal  From Xew Yuri;  I had published   an   article,  derogatory to  | the woman   suffragists,    f'reat .big,   full  j grown   men.    with   patches   of   shaggy  whiskers on their   faces   and bristles   on  ! their backs, have   been   known   to order  j their paper discontinued for less reasons  I than the Davenport  lady bad, and we'll  i wager a dollar   to  a. doughnut   that she  j paid   up   all    her  arrearages  when   she  j ordered her paper stopped, which is more  than half of the   big  burly clowns who  attempt to pass for men   think   of doing  when becoming miffed  at  some imaginary wrong and "stop their paper."  ITmbri.'i. I'liuard  Ktrttria "     Campania,      "     Mu jes tie. White Star Line    Teiitonii- "    St. .I'm ii I. America n  Line    S*-. Louis. ������     State of Xebi-.-i.-jkn. .Allan State Line    Southwark. Red Star Line    X-.ni-dhin.l.' ������     ("a bin --15. -5a, .--itii. 7 i .-8n and upwards.  Intermediate .-.'in and upwards.  Steerage --'5.5(i and upwards.  Passengers   Ticketed   throim-h  to all points iu  fire.it Britain  or Ireland, and .if   Specially low  rates to all parts of the European Crntinent.  Prepaid Passages arraue-ed from all points.  Apply to  A. C. McAKTHUR.   C.I'.K.   Agent  Sandon. or  WILLIAM   ST1TT,  General Agent.  ('. I'. K. offices. Winnipeg  ill Eastern :  To Pacific Coast  To the rich and  SHORTEST  AX I)  oriCKKST  k'OLTE  ml European points.  Japan, ('bin.-i aud Australia.  Nelson & Ft. Sheppard  fled  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Kossland.  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Colville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,   Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Except Sunday.  AlilUVK.  NELSON        5:35 p.m  ROSSLAND      2:55   "  SPOKANE      6:40 p.m  Close connection  with Steamers for  Kaslo and  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for   Kettle   River and  Boundary  Creek connect at .Marcus with  stage daily.  Tie Prosueciors' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  icfive mining districts of  Klondike  and the Yu ONj  ���llble.  Magi.  : daily p  lo   E.-lst-  cheeked  St. Pnul.  ru  Canadian  m Siding daily  Xew   Dial ver  i 'lose connect ions a nd no tp  Through Tickets issued   am  to destination.  Xew Tourist Car Serviei  l.i.iily  (except Tuesday:  and lA S. Points.  Train leaves Xew lien ver Cany-  al SM.a a. m. Train  arrives  a  Canyon Siding at ."ifiit p m.  Boat connection daily ���excepl  Rosebery: Leaves Xew peuver  arrives at .Xew Denver at I p. in.  Ascertain present Reduced Rat  formation by addressing  nc;ire.-(   local agent or  li. DO PC LAS, Agent Xew Denver.  W. !���'.  Anderson. Trav.   Pass. Airf... Xelsan: or  IC. ./. Coyle. Hist. Pass. Apt., Vancouver.  ��-??'\ll sensible people travel  via ('. P. Rvand  Soo line.  Sunday:  at   n..';.-Y a.  via  lu:  and   mil iu  Assay Price List  Gold, Silver, or Lead.each   Gold. .Silver and Lean!, combined   Gold and Silver   ' Silver and Lead   Conner (by Electrolysis,,   Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead   Gold and Copper   Silver a nd Copper   . Gold. Silver and Copper    ..     Platinum   Mercury   Iron or Manganese   Lime.   Magnesium,  liariiun,  phur, each   liisiuuth, Tin. Cuba It. Xiekel,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each..  Coal (Fi.xcd Carbon. Volatile Matter, Ash.  and   percentage   of   Cuke, if Coking  Coal,   Silica. Sul-  Antimony,  -fl.aO  :���; no  :'. 00  ���J 0(i  ���2 00  -I (X)  ������ jiO  ���> so  :'i oo  .'�� 00  ���J 00  ���J 00  ���j oo  .lima  Terms  L'Otll. 1S,<1;-|.  '.Cash With  imple.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and  Ati.-ilr.st THE LEDGE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 17, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RE.0ORDS.  The following is a complete list of the  mining transactions recorded eunag the  week in the several mining divisions of  the Slocan. Those of Xew Denve* were  as follows:���  LOCATIONS.  Webster, Xew Denver,Thos Avison.  -Madie, Four Mile, J E Barrett.  Makch '.'--  Makcu 11  Le Hov, Four .Mile, same  CKHTIHICATK' OK   IMl'KOVKMK.Vrs.  Makch U���Katie D. Sarah B,  Hill  Top Fraction. Galena Bank, Baby Ruth.  TKAXSKERS.  King: J G MeGuigau t  11 ol laud   to   J   (A  Mary  McGuigan,  Mahch 8���Little  ITollaiul, Feb 17;  Same  .'.. ���.Uarv  Feb l!i.  Makch  !i���-Tip Top :-;, Nellie D,  Maggie. Anthony D McGinly to Thus Madden. Jan IS. '���  Makch la���May Queen. B R Buckley to  D .1  McDoiifiald. March i7.18!i7, .-r.0n.  SLOCAN'    CITV    IMVISION.  completeihandbook of information, and  is a valuble compilation of facts and information for those who intend to try  their fortunes in the north. Distances,  customs regulations, mining laws and  other details are given. Indeed, the  mining law and ' reflations'form quite  a feature and give the pamphlet a value  beyond the ordinary issue. All the  various routes are described, and in  addition to a dozen or more halftone  illustrations, the folder contains a large  map compiled from the latest information. The folder may be had without  charge on application to tiie C. P. It.  agent.  THE -BIG BUM).  EXPORT DtTY ON NIGKKL.  TKANSKEKS.  -Gold   Dust  I,   W  R  Clement,  to W  Majccii '  Sheerer.  Makch in���Lucky   Fraction   J.   Cosmo  change U/.'i-'. David 0 Lewis to F C innis.  Same J, same a/.'li', < ie, M SoRelle to same.  AINSWORTH    DIVISION.  Ex-  M.AKCH !i-  Sharpe.  Makcu lo  LOCATIONS.  -Kuskonook, ,J   A Brewer and  -Justice. Alf Brile..  E M  ASSESSMENTS.  Makch 8��� Hillhurst.  THAXSI--KKS.  -Oakland i,  Matt  1-RENCir   ('KEEK  Comes into Goldstream three miles  above' McCiillough. This is the most  famous creek in the Big Bend and  furnishes the biggest proportion of the  gold taken out during the excitement  bf '(id and "('7. Traces of former occupa-  tion iiud work arc everywltere extant.  Long tunnels are driven into the  benches, shafts sunk and the ruins of  scores of log cabins audi remains of  mining tools mark the scenes of the  of 80  vears ago.    The  mining activity  richness of the  gravel left easily leads  bars, when first  Makch ;>���  Tapanitta.  Makch   7  Kanapolis i  Same, S F  Makch it-  wood, Sl'.K).  Oledo   to  Mutt  -Olivia.   Viola,  Tipton.   Gant   and  S T Laird to J nines A Gant, $100.  Laird to Wm J Tipton, S1��W.  Katie L j,.J W Quinn to W D Hay-  illlllllllilllllllll!!*!:;  %  I NEWS IN PLACE I  %  iuiiit#  .1. H. Werely returned from his eastern  trip on Sunday.  Genelle's sa\y mill, Nakusp, will again  resume operations this week.  The latest novelties in "Millinery and  Dress Goods, etc., just received at Mrs.  Merkley's.  Geo. J. Hurley has gone to Nelson to  accept a position with the Lawrence  Hardware Co. '  One of New Denver's most prominent  bachelors leaves for the east in a few clays  to commit matrimony.  Dad Black came in from Trout Lake  City on Monday. Dad still retains his  dignified and solemn manner.  Spring stock of Hats, Feathers, Veiling, Cheffon's and other goods for ladies  just received at Mrs. Merkley's.  Joe Burbee opened his hotel, in Burton'  City last week. Mrs. Manuels is building a three-story hotel in the same town.  James "McDonell   was   in   town   last  week.    He has a contract on the Crow's  , Nest Pass Rail way and looks healthy and  wealthy.  The fast steamer Rossland will make  round trips daily between Arrowhead  and Robson, commencing about the 1st  of April.  While sister Slocan cities are paddling  through mud and slushy snow the ladies  of New Denver may promenade the dry  st.eets in summer attire.  Wm. Thomlinson responded to the  toast ol" The Prospector at the annual  dinner ��� in Kingston, Ont., of the Engineering Society of Queen's University.  I.Iikd���At Waldrip, McCulloch Co., Texas,  March 8th, Isabel Mitchell, relict of  the late Alexander Mitchell and  mother of Mr. W. D. Mitchell, of  New Denver, aged 75.  Charles Haney, B.A., of Sandon, will  occupy the pulpit of the Methodist  church next Sunday, March 20th. Morning at 11 and evening at 7:15. Short  services; plenty of music. Everbody  heartily welcome.  The entertainment and ball to be given  this St. Patrick's evening promises to be  a very successful affair. Every arrangement has been made to make it a pleasant evening for all. Admission, concert  50     nts; dance 50 cents.  Billy Perdue, of Nelson, and J. L.  Pierce, of Kaslo, have arrived at Victoria  after spending several months in Dawson  City. Billy says provisions will be as  cheap next summer in Dawson City as  they are in the Sound cities.  An expedition to the Peace River left  New Denver this week. Bob Kirkwood's  partings words to them were : "Boys, if  you find any nuggets that you cannot  carry, cache them and then in the winter  season build a sleigh road and sled them  to the nearest market."  It is approaching the verge of tbe re-  diculous to suppose the Government  would, after erecting government buildings in New Denver, and establishing  the Record office here, take upon itself  its removal without consulting the  wishes and interests of the people of the  Slocan lake.  While the American lines are trying to  keep the Canadian Pacific out of Washington, the Canadian road is trying to  keep the Spokane & Northern out of the  Boundary Creek country. On both sides  of the line a few people are found who  really seem to think that this sort of  work is in the interest of Washington  and British Columbia.���Spokesman-Review.  Divine service in the Presbyterian  next Sunday at 11 o'clock in the morning, when the Sacrament of the Lord's  Supper will be dispensed. Also service  at 7:15 in the evening, when the church  will be formally dedicated. Preparatory  service on Saturday evening at 8  o'clock. All tire invited to attend. All  these services will bo conducted by the  Rev. .1. A. Cleland, of Sandon.  Felix I'elon was riding Ed. Shannon's pony along Sixth street at, a swift  pace on. Tuesday. Tiie horse fell and  rolled over Felix. When Felix was  rescued he wa- unable to speak for several minutes. He was taken to the hospital and his wounds attended to. He  hadjSwallowed a portion of a pipe that  he had in his mouth at the time. It  caused him considerable pain until he  succeeded in vomiting it.  one to. believe that the  discovered, were of a very productive  nature. During tin; last four or five  vears the '.Consolation claim on this  creek has proved a very nice property  in the hands of working men, and has  turned out profitably to the shareholders, being' worked economically and in  a workmanlike manner by means of a  shaft drained by a bed rock drain. In  1890 as much as ��20i) a week was taken  out of this mine, which during the  period of that year in which it was  worked was credited with SI ,(500. Nuggets going as high in value as $40 and  SsjO have been found in this mine, and  the gold in it is coarse running from live  cents to 50 cent nuggets.  A large number of placer claims have  been acquired on the bench lands on  each side of the creek bordering the  location of the richest bars in the early  days by the French Mining Co., a  Chicago" syndicate, which has done a  lot of work' up there last year in getting  to the ground and installing an cxtch-  tive hydraulicing plant. They have  put up a saw mill and are building a  flume 12,600 feet in length and 5x4 and  4x4 in size. Of this 5,000 feet is now  completed. The flume passes through  370 feet of tunnel and brings the water  down opposite the works at 400 feet of  an elevation, The water will thence be  carried to the mine in iron piping and  finally discharged on to the gravel  through two giants, 10 inches in  diameter. The company expect to be  at work on the gravel within about two  months after the opening of the season  this year.  Almost directly opposite the mouth bf  Goldstream another auriferous creek  empties into the Columbia.  This stream  SMITH   GREEK.  was worked on the surface only in the  early days and some very rich bars  found. Since then the gold has been  taken out of the creek by various parties of miners who have worked it, but  attempts to reach bed rock have not  met with success. Prof. Nason did a  good deal of prospecting on the creek  last   year   for   the United  States  and  The agitation for an export duty on  nickel is based on a  few simple facts  which must appeal irresistibly to  the  common sense of the people of Canada.  Whei the mines of the Sudbury district  were first started the raw ore. was shipped to the United States and England,  and solely for the copper in it, as no one  had then suspected that it contained any  nickel.    But on'the discovery, about .10  years ago, that these mines were as rich  in nickel as in  copper,  smelting plants  were erected to reduce to ore to matte,  and since then-no ore, except a few car  lots for testing purposes, has been shipped.     It   takes   about   eight , tons of  .average ore to make one ton of ordinary matte,   and  the latter is exported  to'the United States, to be refined there.  In an excellent article on the subject,  the Sudbury Journal gives credit to the  United States for having been the first  to use nickel steel armor plate, but the  credit   for   finding   out  and   making  known to the world the superior qualities of nickel as an alloy with steel and  iron, is due to Mr. Jas. Riley, the celebrated Scotch metallurgist of Glasgow.  The-United'States was also  for some  years, and in fact until  very recently,  the largest consumer of our nickel, but  the adoption of nickel  steel - for armor  plate and other purposes by the great  naval powers of Europe has changed  the whole situation as to the market for  nickel.    Last year,   for   instance,  the  total production of nickel '.by the United  States refineries was 3,032,24b pounds  and till  but  about 20,000 pounds   from  Canadian ores.    During, the same year  the consumption of nickel in the United  States   was only   1,042,000 pounds, or  very little over one-fourth  of the whole  output of our nickel  mines,  while all  the rest, or nearly three times as much,  was exported   from  New York to England,   Belgium,   Germany   and   other  European countries.  It is plain then that Canadian nickel  should be refined in Canada and shipped direct to the* ports of consumption.  At some one or other of the centers  of Canadian , industry there should be  established nickel steel works, on the  largest scale, and these works should  be located within easy reach, by rail or  water, of the mines themselves." In the  meantime, the! Dominion Government  would do well to avail itself of its  power, given by Parliament, to impose tin export duty on nickel ore and  matte.  GET YOUK T�� HINTING- DOXK AT HOMIS  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Full Prices.   Correct Selection  HANDLING  Ropes and Tags Furnished Free  THE BEAR  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES.  TALLOW, GINSENG, SENECA.  Write ^ Circular giving Latest Market Prices  jas. McMillan t co.,  NO COMMISSION   CHARGED  200-212 FIRST AVE. NORTH.  inc.     Minneapolis, Minn.  of Nakusp.  THOS. A  RIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  British" Columbia, Mining- Company, a  Kansas City syndicate with a view to  putting in an'hydraulic, plant. In an  article" by that -gentleman on the Big-  Bend country, which appeared in the  Engineering" and Mining1 Journal of  May 8, 1897  he says:  "The Bis^ Bend country has been  known to be auriferous for" the last 80  years or more. The country was pretty  thoroughly traversed by prospectors in  the early days, but, with the exception  of the iinds on French Creek, no diggings were found that could be worked  at a profit with access so difficult and  supplies so high. Even now practically  the only prospecting that has booh  done has been on streams emptying  into the Columbia river, and for only a  few miles from their mouths. Again  prospecting has been confined almost  exclusively to auriferous gravels, little  or no attention being paid to ledges.  In mining the gravels of the streams,  not only of those on which placers are  being worked, but on others as well,  there is found among the black sands a  liberal sprinkling of g'alena. Considering how soft and friable this mineral is,  it seems as if it must have a pretty  extensive source in order to show as  abundantly as it does. In the lower  sands, the. "blue gravel" of the Cali-  fornions, there is also found much  pyrite, chalcopyriteand other sulphides.  These are without exception, so far as  writer's experience goes, auriferous.  Whether these auriferous and argentiferous sulphides come from extensive  and workable veins or from small  stringers, no one is as yet able to say  for certain. Near Smith Creek several  irregular veins in hydro-mica slate  have been found to carry gold in their  iron sulphides, but no large workable  veins have been found.  Owing to the difficulties of gaining  access to the mountains, but very little  thorough prospecting has been done  save for placer gold. Then, too, the  successful development of mines in the  lower country has attracted the attention of more prospectors. In the mountains of the Big Bend snows come early  and remain late, thus practically limiting the season to at the most three  months, July, August and September.  In spite of these drawbacks, it is the  writer's opinion that a thorough search  in this section will -.ieet with great success. Once a large mineral belt is developed, the government is very prompt  and liberal in aiding mining enterprises by opening and maintaining good  trails."'  At a recent meeting of the Winnineg-  Printers' Union the following- resolution  was passed : "That we protest against  the prevalent practice of business  houses of sending to the east for their  printing and stationery supplies. We  consider the practice Unpatriotic and  detrimental to our growth and general  interests, depriving as it does, a large  number of employment and permanent  residence, besides being unnecessary."  Some of the business "men of Nelson,  who have in the past sent to Vancouver,  Spokane, Winnipeg and other places  for the greater part of their printed  supplies of stationery, should carefully  consider the above resolution. The  question of supporting home industry  affects the interests of every town and  Nelson is no exception. The merchants  have no more right to send out of town  for their stationery than other residents  have to send out of town for their supply of groceries and dry goods, which  they can get just as well and nearly as  cheap in'their own city. A story is  told of the editor of a paper in a small  western town receiving a letter from a  merchant doing business in the town,  with a request''tk at the editor "roast"  some of the residents for sending to a  large departmental store in a neighboring" town for supplies. The merchant's  letter was written on paper printed at a  Chicago printing- house.���Nelson Miner.  Tint rimy will send no  more to the T. Eaton Co  for Dry Goods and  Furnishings; as the  floods cost, much more '  when landed in Xew  Denver; besides, they  are often old and shelf-  worn and they seldom  set what, they order.  Hut���  Different Here  Our {foods arc new and  of the host quality; the  patterns arc of the latj.st  designs,-and, above all,  Our Prices are Right.  N.B���We are ofl'erlntr a tine line of Ladies'  Jackets. Boys' and Men's Overcoats and Pea-  Jae.Uct.s. below anything ever belore offered in  the Sloe.au. Call and examine our goods and  saris',y yourselves.  McLachlan <5t McKay,  New Denver.  Real Estate,'Mines & Insurance.  Nakusp, B.C.  J.R.&B.GameroR  ���Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing  ���: in the:��� '  ���-   Latest Style  ���: of the : ���  Tailors    Ar*t.  SANI.X ^  ffV?ffff^f?ff^fffffffff^ffff@fffff  Has an  Immense  Stock of .......  /.  REAmt  CLOTHING.  <a_*  Clean  is next to  Do you know that NELSON   the  druggist is offering special bargains  in " TOILET SOAPS  this  week  Q     ��?  joins tho  FERNTK  Columbia  CHEEK  about  Well, its a fact. But: theu. no matter  how clean the ski\i is washed, if you  do not keep the blood in good order,  pimnlesand other eruptions of the skin  will appear. Especially at thisseas.on  of the year should special precaution  be taken to keep the system clear.  As a SPRING MEDICINE nothing  equals     .        ....  Fax's Sarsaparilla  you can buy it at���  NELSON'S DKUu STORE,  New Denver.  Call in.  Tbe prices  No necessity lor  freezing to death  if you have a few  dollars to invest in  this kind of stock.  will astonish vou.  Goods called  for & Delivered  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Agents for B. (J. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills."  Sasn yjxt n  Dealers in  ardware,   Tin   and   Grraniteware  Minors'Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  5!  ei��.ht miles  above Smith Creek and on the same,  the. west side. Coarse gold has been  found in this creek, and in the early  days SS a day apiece was made by four  men   for   one.   whole   season.      .fudge  For   General    Distribution.  The C. P. II. has issued a neat and  comprehensive folder descriptive of the  Klondike and Yukon "-old fields.   Tt is a  Sprout, an old time  authority on Koot  enay.   has   remarked   that   there are  including- Smith and Fernie Creek, nine ,  large,  creeks on   the west   side   of the  Columbia, between Goldstream and the I  mouth of Canoe  river,   in all of which  pay gravel has been  found, and all are  well worthy of more  careful  attention  from prospectors.���Revelstoke Herald.  An editor in Kansas asks for the lowest  tenders to supply him with a sack of  flour, one pair of pants and a.hat. lie  says that is the way merchants do business with him when they want a dollar's  worth of job printing.  Start from VANCOUVER  because  VANCOUVER is the best outfitting point on the Coast; goods  considerably cheaper than in the  United States.  VANCOUVER is the noarest]]ioi-t of departure to the Yukon District.  VANCOUVER'S the  terminus of the C. P.  Railway,  whose steamers   will  start, from  Vancouver this spring.  All .north-bound steamers call at VANCOUVER.  Direct steamers lo  Yukon   ports have now  commenced to run from VANCOUVER.  VANCOUVER   is  the  only Canadian  port  where passengers transfer direct from train  to steamer.  KLONDIKE is in Canada. On Mit in VANCOUVER and nave ,'i() per cent. Customs  Dutv.  W.GODFREY.  President Board of Trade. Vancouver. 1.1. C.  AUNDRY  We are now m a  position to give  thorouffhlv sat-  isfactory service  and solicit yonr  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambrics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  Work Done on Short Notice.  C. M. NESBITT, Prop.  AAvRates  furnished  Hotels,   Steamboat Companies, etc, on application.  El Dora da Ave.  rug  re  Drugs  and  Stationery,  Toilet  Articles,  Sundries,  Trail  Blazer Cigars.  R. O Matheson,  Proprietor,  Silverton,  NEW  DENVER, B.C.  NEW DENVER and SILVERTON.  AGEN TS.���"Woman" is ihe title of our prcat  new book. Discusses ail phase's of ihe subject.  Contains "The Liie and Work oi .Miss Willurd,"  the most wonderful woman of trie century. Over  a hundred beautiful portraits of the "greatest  women known,, with biographical sketches. Snap  for canvassers.  UXSOOTT COMPANY,  Tniio.vro.  Fresh and Salt Meats  Poultry, Eggs, Etc  SHOPS AT  ALL   IMPORTANT  KOOTENAY.  POINTS  IN  FEED J. SQUIKE  -Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserino's always on hand.  WANTED ���Fanner's sons or other industrious persons of fair education to whom ��(>(> a  month would be an inducement. I could also  engage a few ladies at their own homes.  T. H. LINSCOTT.  Toronto.  JL HO  Best Rooms  Offered to the public of New Denver  are to be found in the  Columbia House  Warm,   quiet   and   hard-finished   throughout.  Board by the day.  week  or  month,  No liar in connection.  Sixth St.. New Denver.  N. C. DING MAN.  An office of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H. POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon office will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be admitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  For further information apply to���  J. E. Brouse, M.D.",  New Denyer, B.C.  ASLO MOTEL  AMOS THOMPSON, W. D. MITCHELL  Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  Mines and Mining Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence, solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  Family & Commercial.,  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against fire. Rates $2.50  and $3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  The  Nakusp,  Is a comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald. 

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