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The Ledge Mar 3, 1898

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Array *:.������'��� f^t ./. \,a '-  Volume V.   No. 22.  NEW DENVER, B. C, MARCH 3, 1898.  Price, $2 00 Year  KftTed f n asnow-STTde  Another unfortune miner buried beneath an avalanch of snow; another  mother's boy laid away in the little  grave yard on the hill.  Sunday evening Grant Thorburn drove  into New Denver from Silverton for the  coroner and an undertaker to take  charge of the body of Wm. J. Lade, who  had been killed early, in the afternoon  by being buried in a snow slide. Dr.  Brouse and Undertaker Baker returned  with him and the body was taken in  hand by the Coroner.  Monday morning an inquest was held  and in the afternoon the remains were  interred in the cemetery here, the Silver-  ' ton miner's union and all the men of the  camp coming up on the steamer Slocan  and following the body to the grave.  Fully 150 men were in theline of march.  The particulars of the fatal slide as  told by the companions of Lade who  were working with him are these: A  slide had blocked the Four Mile road on  the Keed-Robertson group and it was  impossible for the pack trains to come  out with the ore from the Vancouver  and other properties. A party of men  went up from Silverton to clear the roadway and with them was young Lade.  Four of them were working on the slide  when, without warning, another slide  came down and caught- all of the men.  The companions of Lade were not injured, though all were more or less  covered by the snow. When they managed to free themselves they set to work  to rescue Lade. One of the party was  sent to Silverton to summon help and  soon every man in the camp was on the  scene. A'fter two hours searching the  body was recovered, cold in death.  A rude stretcher was made and the  body carried to Silverton and to the  parlors of Thorburn's hotel to await the  arrival of the coroner and undertaker.  A short but impressive funeral service  was held in the hotel parlors and on the  arrival at the New Denver, wharf Rev.  Powell met the sorrowing friends and  went with them to the grave, and there  administered words of comfort and peace  to those present.  Wm. ,T. Lade was a young man well  liked by everybody, lie was but 19  years of age. Two of his brothers are  working at Silverton and the three were  interested in some very valuable properties on Four Mile. They came here from  the Lardeau. The Lade family have  been peculiarly unfortunate working  in and about mines. The boy's father  was caught in a premature blast while  working a shift to accommodate a friend  and made totally blind; an uncle was  killed iu a snow slide, and it was while  doing volunteer work that the son met  his untimely death.  ters have brought against two local  newspapers, who charged them with  using their official positions for their own  private ends. Kennedy, of . Arestmin-  ster, then brought in absolution to the  effect that in the opinion of the house  none of the members should at any time  lend the weight of their official titles'to  floating any schemes*for the benefit of  any company.  SCHOOI.   ENTERTAINMENT.  The committee to whom was left the  getting up of the entertainment for the  School social to-morrow evening at  Clever's Hall has met with grand success  and are free to express the assurance  that this will be the greatest of the many  big successes that have been given to  New Denver's social people by local  talent.   The program is as follows:  Chairman's remarks Mr. Fauquier  Instrumental Orchestra  Recitation Miss Purviance  Plantation Melodies Messrs. Robie,  Spal, Nelson and Bolander.  Sketch: "A Cord of Wood".. Mrs. Kirk-  wood, Messrs. Gibbs and Nesbitt.  Quartette  Messrs. Wilson, West,  Gibbs and Strickland.  Recitation Mr. McKay  Instrumental MessJS. Knox, Davis,  Thompson and Brindle.  Reading.. . ..  Mr. Harris  Comic Sketch: "Here she goes and there  she goes".. New Denver Dramatic Co.  The baskets will also be well rilled with  nice things to tickle the palate, and following this a social dance will be given.  good manners. A chairman being appointed he arose and requested those  who were creditors to stand up while  those who were not should leave the  hall. Every man of the vast throng-  but one stood up, and the look of surprise that shot across each countenance  was worth from a dollar and upwards.  Each one of the crowd had wondered  the same way, and when they found  out that McDonald had worked his  graft on so many of them they all  laughed and admitted if it was'true  about misery loving company that they  had no reason to complain." From the  number of claims put in it is quite evident that the mourners at this financial  funeral will g-et nothing but painful  regrets in payment of their accounts.  Thus it is that man's inhumanity io man  makes a few dozen mourn, and curse  the day that McDonald first struck the  camp.    ANOTHER    BEAT    SKIPS.  Ernest Ormesbj-, who has been catting wood at Rosebery for the C.P.R*,  skipped out last week without paying  his bills. He assigned his C. P. It.  cheque to his brother Russ so that it  would not be garnished for wages.  Henry Stege had assisted Ormesby and  wife when they Avere. broke, and "in return they gave him the marble heart.  The. action of such people as Ormesby  should shorten credit to strangers in  Slocan. ���  THE   MINER AI.    ACT.  compel him to do his development or  assessment Avork immediately before  securing a title, and leave .it"open for  some -sharper to step in and take advantage of his labor?  The proposal to change the time for  doing the assessment Avork on all mineral claims so as to begin and end on a  particular day is desirable and Avould  be for the benefit of all concerned, and  can be accomplished without any friction, only that the day selected should  be the 1st of July or' 1st of August for  reasons that Avilf readily suggest themselves to any practical prospector or  legistator.     '  As for the tax of So for a miners' certificate any worthy miner ought to  consider it Avell Avorth the money to  enjoy the honor and privilege of being  a free miner of British Columbia.  Yours, etc.,  W. D. MitcubijL.  Free Miner.  ON   BOARD    THE   PAK   SHAU.  East Canaan ^gWs  NEW   DENVER   PUBLIC   SCHOOL.  A  C-.iM  THIS    ATHLUIMC    CI.Ui;.  in Maile ti> all Members (.<>  -Knter  Actively Into (lie Work.  IV. Class.���Bert Perkins, Oma Young,  Daisy Crowley, W. D. Thompson, Millie  Millward, Howard Perkins, Emma Johnson, D. D. McMillan.  Uf. Class.���Charlie Millward, Charlie  Delaney, Carrie McMillan, Champion  Nesbitt, Willie Vallance, Clifford Irwin,  Marion Clements.  II. Class.���Katherine Delaney, Norman McMillan, Ernest Irwin, Charlie  Kingen, Clarence Vallance, George  Evans.  II. Fart Class.���Web. Hurley, Harold  Baker.  1. Part Class.���Maudie Nesbitt, Grace  .Baker.  The above arranged in order of merit.  Average attendance 24.  E. Strickland.  THE    AlOI.r.lE    HUUIIE.S    DEAL.  The officers of the Athletic Club are  wide awake to the necessities of this  commendable institution and have requested that a call be made to all members to meet at the club room Thursday  night to discuss the welfare of the order  and complete arrangements for the exhibition to be given on the ("veiling of  March 17. New dumb belli-., clubs, etc.,  have been ordered,, and other apparatus  put in first-class condition, and the aim  is to make the coming exhibition a  success.  It is suggested that the' Athletic Club  take in hand at once the perfecting of  arrangements for the' celebration to be  held in New Denver on May 24th. The  idea is to let the celebration be given  under the auspices of the Club, as past  experience has proven, iu other localities  if not here, that a much belter celebration, can begotten up and greater interest ingendered under such auspices.  It is most important that all members  of the Club should turn out this evening  and take with them the amount of their  month's dues. This institution can be  made a great benefactor to the young  men of the town as well as to the town  itself.  WON'T     J5E    OFFICIALLY    ROASTKD.  Another deal has been made on the  Mollie Hughes group. This time the  price named is $40,000. Wm..H. Sandi-  ford, representing an English company  of great capital, is the purchaser. He  was here several days last week and on  Saturday the deal was consumated. His  inspection of the property . was most  thorough, and as soon as the character  of the ledge matter was demonstrated  by assays he took the property at, the  price named without delay.  At present the transfer is in the shape  of a. .50-day option, Tins is to alio"7 time  for the money to arrive from England.  The bond expires nine months after the  date of its execution.  XHAI!    NELSON.  The company working' the. .Morning  has three men drifting from the loo-foot  iovel at the bottom of the shaft. They  have struck a body of ore on the foot  wall carrying ga letta, carbonate copper,  and sulphide silver. The ore averages  12 inches and Avith the ore on the hanging wall makes about two feet. It looks  as though the whole ledge would soon  be in ore. The ore is nearly all concentrating. ScA-eral other claims are  being developed on Morning hill this  winter  A    SAD    EVENT.  There Avas an acrimonious debate in  the Provincial House, last Friday over  a resolution which the opposition  brought in, striving to condemn the premier and Pooley, president of the council, for having allowed their names to be  used in the directorate of the Dawson  City and Dominion Trading Corporation.  Sword, of Dewdney, brought in a resolution to this effect, but it was ruled out of  order by the speaker on the ground that  it would, if passed, prejudice the fair  trial of libel suits  which   the two minis-  J. A. McDonald is a young man of  much talk and great promise to pay his  debts. He came into Ncav Denver last  summer, took hold of the electric light  works and for a time furnished the town  with a bright light. Then trouble carne  and the lights closed doAvn. After playing bluff Avith his creditors for tAvo  months Mac turned OArer all his interest  to Palma Angrignon for ��100 and left  tOAvn. Angrignon immediately called  a meeting of the creditors to see Avhat  Avould be done toAvards getting something out of the estate for them. A  large crowd assembled in Clever's Hall  and some of the creditors for a time entertained the opinion that many people  in New Denver had more curiosity than  To the Editor of The Ledge,  You ask my opinion of the proposal  to amend the Mineral Act by making- it  incumbent on the prospector to do a  certain amount of work before being  alloAved to make a record or secure a  title, and to compel him to do his assessment work within' a limited time in  order to check the location of too many  claims and neglecting assessment Avork.  I Avould   say   at   once that legislature  could make no more fatal mistake or  one more calculated to check enterprise  and individual effort than  to pass any  such retrograde legislation.    The evil  complained of is. more imaginary than  real and Avill remedy itself, and it would  be Avrong- to  curtail the privileges of  the honest prospector simply because a  feAv individuals   take  advantage and  evade the law.   The Avhole movement  seems to have had its inception in an  article Avhich appeared some time ago  in one of the Coast mining papers  in  Avhich the Avriter taking the instance of  some prospector up in the Lardeau district   carrying   some 70 or  SO claims  Avorked up a grievance that bore all the  earmarks of the office miner or the fireside prospector.   The  Avriter also advanced   the   idea    that   the   Avork   of  prospecting and exploration could more  advantageously be carried out by some  organized   company   undertaking  the  Avork and employing men under competent experts ? ' The Ontario Government   has   pandered   to   this  idea by  giving a grant, of 4,000 sq.  miles to an  j exploration  company with  exceptional  j privileges  and  "tied up the   country"  in   consideration of  the   company   ex-  I pending some 620,000 a year.    Tiie fact  I is the country would be tic1 up forever  I if exploration  and  discovery  were dependent on capital and organized coin-  panics.    No   company could  begin to  pay wages to  compansato the prospector for the hardships and toil he undertakes voluntarily when induced by hope  and   liberal   mining  laws and  regulations.  Suppose -10 prospectors went in to  explore that tract of land. Their individual outfits and pocket money  Avould easily averag-e at a. moderate  estimate SHOO each. ''That makes S20.-  UU0 for a starter. Each' man's labor is  Avorth ��l,()()i) to the country, making  ��1.0,0(10 more. There's $:.(),o"ob for the  first year's expenditure,. It is said 1,000  prospectors went into ��� East Kootenay  last spring. At $5oo each we have $500.-  oOo, and their year's Avork wili equal  1.000,0110. 'The' direct and indirect  effects of the work oTthe prospector arc.  incalculable. The results bailie computation and are rapidly hastening the  ascent of that bright occidental star, the  proArince of British Columbia.  Then why should the prospector be  hampered or handicapped by burdensome regulations. With little capital  save his ambition, ��� his energy and his  labor he shoulders his pack and explores the recesses of the canyon, the  mountain and the forest; camps on the  To the Editor of The Ledge :  Dear Sir,���At the earnest request  of a number of friends residing in the  Slocan (I having been a resident of the  district for some three years past) I  take this opportunity of Avriting them  through your columns regarding the  different routes and also the best outfitting point for this northern country.  Since the'20th of last December T have  divided   my    time    equally   betAveen  Seattle and Vancouver, and' have looked carefully into the question of routes.  If you are going direct to Dawson the  Chilcoot is the better route, but if you  decide to strike higher up the country  to the Hootalinqua, the Salmon or Pelly  rivers the better plan is to go by way  of Wrangle, up tbe Stickeen river on  the ice and thence either to Deace lake  or Teslin lake.   I found the merchants  of Vancouver more familiar with the  needs of the prospector than the Seattle  merchants; the prices are more reasonable and the g-oods better, and what is  a very essential point, they treat one in  a much more obliging manner than do  the Seattle people.   Here in Vancouver  everything   regarding  duties  is   put  plainly before one, Avhereas in Seattle  both the merchants and neAvspaper men  make everything- as clouded and obscure as possible.   If you are going to  Canadian territory by all means buy  your goods in Canada, as by so doing  you avoid   paying   duties.  "Also  ship  your goods out-of Vancouver on a British  bottom, because   Canadian   goods  shipped in   an American  Aressels Avill  have to pay duty on re-entering- Canadian territory.    It Avould be AArell for  amr American to call upon the Hon. L.  Edwin ���Dudley,   U. S. Consul at Vancouver, avIio is a gentleman in all that  the terms signifies,  and who Avill freely  giAre you all   possible information  regarding   customs,  duties,  etc.     Your  mining license can only he obtained by  personal application in VancouArer. Victoria  and  Da.AA-.son  Citv and Aril!   cost  you 810.  Yours A'ery truly,  Geo. M." Soli isi. i.e.  VancouA'or, B.C.,  <-��� Fell. 22nd, ISOS.  fn    the    Ymir    Camp.  The aged mother of Mr. Dalton McCarthy, Q.C., M.P., passed away at her  home'in Barrie on.Monday. She was  in her 92nd year.  Lady Aberdeen is negotiating for the  sending of a superintendent and three  nurses to the Klondike region to be of  sei'A'ice to sick or disabled miners.  Dr. H. D. Fraser, of Orangeville died  suddenly on Feb. 10th, from heart  failure, brought on by ovenvork. He  was a prominent memher of the Masonic  fraternity.  An old and prominent citizen of  Guelph,.Mr. Chas. Davidson, the late  secretary-treasurer of the Wellington  Mutual .Fire Insurance Company, died  on Feb. 16th, aged 82 years.  I. A. Merrier, a brother of the late  Honare Merrier, Premier.of Quebec, has  been given a lease of 280 miles of the  Yukon for dredging purposes. The fees  amounting to $30,000 have been paid by  Mr. Mercier.  A bill was introduced in the OttaAva  House this Aveek by the Rev. Mr. Maxwell, member for^Burrard, to amend  the Immigration Act by providing that  the tax on Chinese shall be increased  from S50 to S500 per head.  The Oso-oode Le^-al & Literary Society of Toronto held their annual ball  on Friday night. It was a very bril-  lant affair and many beautiful gowns  Avere "en eAddence" Dancing Avas  keptup away into the"Avee,sma"hours."  An order has been sent out by Archbishop Brnchesi to the Catholics prohibiting them from becoming members  of the Y.M.C.A. The attention of the  Archbishop has . ecently been drawn to  the fact that many members of his flock  belong to this association.  A convict named Win. Carey, avIio is  serving 10 years in the Kingston penitentiary for arson, while making a dash  for liberty on Tuesday afternoon Avas  shot in * self-defence by Officer Gibson,  and is now lying in a very precarious  condition at'the'prison hospital.  AV. A. Carlyle, of Woodstock, Out., the  British Columbia Provincial Mineralogist, lias been offered a salary of $25,000  a yeary by Messrs. McKenzie & Mann,  tbe contractors for the Stickeen River  go to the Yukon as  .heir interests.  Cruickshank, who is a near relative of  the deceased, took charge of the body.  C. M. Foley, a prominent lawyer of  Paris, Ont., was arrested this Aveek on a  charge of fraud and misappropriation of  clients' funds. Rumors of his insolvency have been floating around for  some weeks, aud clients Avho had placed  funds with Mr. Foley for investment,  haA'e been making strenuous exertions  to regain possession of them; some  haAre been successful, but the majority  are minus their moneys. The amount  of Mr. Foley's defalcations is something  like $60,000. He has been unable to  obtain bail and is now committed to  Brantford gaol. He is a son of the late  Hon. Michael Foley and was highly  esteemed, both in business and social:  circles.        . '^  ROSEBEItY'S   SAMPLER.  Work of Erecting the Building Already  in Progress.  Railway, if he will  mining manager in  The Grand Trunk  ing the advisability  Railway is eonsider-  of   using  electricity  A determined effort is being made by  the mine owners of Ymir camp for government."aid in the building of much  needed roads in that vicinity. Foi the  purpose of setting forth good reasons for  the petition,   a  statement of work done  in the district has been prepared by John  Dean, of Smith, Dean A Co. It shows  that 5..57*5 feet of tunneling at ;i cost of  $S0..)5O and 1 .'-554 feet of sin'kiim at a cost !  of $..,0.c'.0 has been done, beside $.-50,000 j  worth of assessment work. There has  been s|;25,000 expended by private parties  on roads, trails, buildings and machinery. So far the government has contributed nothing toward opening up .the  district. The total number of men employed is 20-1 with a pay roll of $21,420 a  month.  instead of steam power for coin-eying the  cars through the Sarnia tunnel. The  many fatal accidents whicli have occurred through the bad ventilation iu this  tunnel has made it necessary that something should be done to remedy the evil.  It is said that the Exploration Company composed of London capitalists,  which applied for a charter to construct  a railway over the Dalton trail, which  charter was not granted on account of  the monopoly clause in the .Mann it ���.McKenzie contract for the Stickeen-Teslin  route, are going to make an offer to contract for the line mentioned in their ap- I  plication at a far less subsidy than is j  granted to Mann it McKenzie. j  A big lire occurred in Kothweli on j  Wednesday morning., which resulted in I  the death of a woman and her child. It'  appears that the lire originated iu ai  dwelling occupied by Ilenry Anthony!  and his housekeeper. Mrs. I.loom and !  her two children.     As  soon   as   the   lire I  The contract for the ore sampler at  Rosebery Avas awarded to Stephen Tripp,  the well-known contractor of Slocan  City, who has already commenced operations with the intention of having it  completed within 90 days, which is the  time set for the building to be finished.  The main building will be 70x124 feet,  offices and labratory ' will be seperate.  Also a weigh house and other buildings  Avill be erected in connection with the  works on the lake front. The capacity  will be 100 tons per day, and will be in  operation in the early spring, and no  doubt will prove a boon to the mine  owners in the Slocan country.  Mr. AV. E. Ostrander, the superintendent, is now on the ground attending to  details. He is a pleasant, affable gentleman who is a thorough smelter authority and considers this point for the  treatment ;of ores superior to any Other  location, after having carefully studied  the situation from a business stand  point, and predicts a brilliant future for  the town.  A. M. Beattie, agent for the townsite,  was seen by our reporter and had this  to say:  "Yes I expect quite a boom in Rosebery this spring. Of course not so wild  as it was a year ago in Slocan City, but  something that is more substantial" This  ore sampler which is iioav building I  believe is only the. starting point for  other Avorks to be erected here before  long, and the point now is recognized as  the best point in Kootenay to erect a  smelter, and for concentrating the ores  from Sandon, Whitewater and Cody."  "Does   your   company    contemplate  making any improvements in  the town-  '  site," was asked.  "Yes; I. am only waiting for the snow  to go off when J intend to clear all on the  lake front, if 1 am not successful in letting the contract before then. I. will call-  for_ tenders. The Townsite Company,  which is a wealthy London syndicate,  also intends to build several houses in  the spring and will sell them on the installment plan or lease."  Mr. Reattie wound up by saving Rosebery would have, tbe biggest pav roll on  the lake this summer.  a   i r i ���: a v \    w i*: st !���; n \   ia i i. i i; i ���:.  Mrs.   P.loom   ran   out of! "���lanciaI mil  .'. Sold. Kaslo. li. ('..  js  in  ;l   had  which   is  difliruli to get  her child I at.    A number of  Ontario  Cassiar    Mines    All    Hi-i^ht.  was discovered  tbe house;,   but   remembering  rushed bark   again   and both   perished, j (.rs ;in, |u.;ivi!v interested  Mr. Anthony and   the   other  child were  saved by   jumpimi   through   a window.  The lire spread rapidly, destroying .seven  stores and dwelling houses.  ,T. D. Devereux, the special correspond- j open up a  ent of the Ashcroft (B.C.) Mining Journ-! This bank  al, writes to that paper from the far  north concerning Cassiar mines. He  says in part:  "I have seen ore from 13 claims in the  Kisgagash district which all looked to  be very highly   mineralized.    Some of it  The    iiauk  of  Commerce   is   going to  ".ranch ollice at   Dawson City.  will he  of  great   convenience  j to miners as gold   will   be accepted and  in.-tnuiacl ur-  Statciiicnts  which we. gave some time ago did not  mention a debt outside of the, trade,  amounting to some $l:i.ooo upon which  judgment has lately bee*., given and  execution issued, this being secured l.v  Tli'e  a chattel mortgage,  on the stock,  debt is represented by a note for $  mountain slope or sleeps on the soft side   is known to run  as  high as $200 to $.!00  of a. rock', and if his grub gi\'es out falls | to the ton in gold alone, and, by information given me by  the miners, the cream  of the country is not touched vet.   Little  back on the friendly porcupine for a  square m .al. He blazes the trails and  opens up the way for the capitalist, the  merchant, the tradesman, laborer, professional men, and officials  and settlers follow, and the channels  and ramifications of trade and commerce throughout the world are set  throbbing Avith the pulsation of life and  energy.  Therefore the prospector is entitled  to consideration and should not be placed under any undue restrictions. He  may have spent the summer and perhaps his last cent in exploring the  mountains, and only late in the season  succeeded in finding a desirable location.    AYould   it not bean injustice; to  or nothing is known about the wealth of  this country by the outside world,  railroad AVithin the past five years 1 venture to  say that $250,000 has been taken out of  this country by individual miners, mostly Chinese.  Jim Johnson���So yo' bought dat  chicken ob 'Squire Hennery, eh ? AA'had  did ye' buy sech a skinny one fo'.  Abe Hardcase���Oh, I didn't buy him  toe eat. Dis chicken had a habit ob  roostin' nights up on top ob de doghouse, an' 1 wuz erfraid ef he kep' on tie  udder chickens might be follerin' his example.  drafts given   to   miners   on  any bank in i  Canada for the  j with interest amounting  receive*.  imount ol goh  less ll) per cent, royalty, which will h<  deducted and handed over to the govern-;  ment. Tiie gold will be kept in vaults!  and conveyed out of the country by al  military escort. .Miners will be enabled |  to walk away with their drafts in their |  pockets. This arrangement will be ai  great inducement to them to pay the |  royalty.  Jas. Cruickshank, a bachelor 54 years  of age, living in Toronto, was found'de^d  in bis rooms on Thursday morning. Mr.  Cruickshank's ollice and bedroom adjoined the premises of the Metropolitan  Printing Company, in which lire broke  out early on Thursday morning, completely gutting it and causing considerable damage. In making an effort to  escape Mr. Cruickshank was probably  overcome by the smoke as when found  by an employee of^his he Avas in a sitting  posture on the floor dead. The room  Avas   full  of smoke.    The   artist,    Wm.  i ol .lames ...owen.  Tin  1.-2S2  fosso. i in fa volume was made  "i in It-iO-l and is supposed   to have  been a  settlement for debts incurred in ;i former business   in   which   Sold   wa.s interested.    As it   stands now   it   looks as if  lhe eastern maimlacturcrs will be  plucked to pay Schl's former creditor, a  case of robbing Peter to pay Paul as it  were. .Mr. .1. R. Shaw has' tiie matter  in hand, but until more definite information   is   received   a   course of action  will not be  Furniture .  decided  loitrnal.  upon���-The Ontario  This reminds one of.the discouragement of the man, who. when asked  about the health of his wife, replied :  "She may get well, and she mav not ;  there, is danger both ways."  Has the count called yet. napa?" asked the beautiful daughter ; '' he said  that  he Avould see, you 'without delav."  "He did. I had three aces against 'his  full house." *  THE LEDGE, NEW UEJNVER, B.C., MARCH 3, 1898.  Fifth Year ,  The Ledge.  ! Published every Thursday.  R. T. LOYVERY, Editor and Financier.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES:  Three months ��� .* ���  Six "         l.  Twelve  "         -'-00  Three years ...... ���*>���<*>  Transient Advertising;, 25 cents per line first in  ' sertion, 10 cents i>er line subsequent insertions  nonpareil measurement.  TO CONTRIBUTORS.  CDrrespondence from every part of the Kootenay  District and communications upon live topics  always acceptable. Write on both sides of the  paper if you wish. Always send something pood  no matter how crude. Get your copy in while it  is hot. and we will do the res..  A pencil cross in this square  indicates that your subscription is due, and that the editor  wishes once again to look at  your collateral.  THURSDAY, MARCH 3. 189S.  ���FRANKLIN   M'LEAV.  A. Canadian-who has made a rapid  rise to fame and fortune is Franklin  McLeay, ot Watford, who already  ranks so near the head of his profession that he is spoken of as the most  likely successor to Sir Henry Irving  when that great genius retires from  the stage. Mr. McLeay was recently  offered a nattering position in Sir  Henry's company, which he was;  forced to decline, having previously  engaged to play Cassius in Beerbohm  Tree's revival of Julius Caesar. The  play was produced in London last  month, and the London correspondent  of the Dramatic Mirror writes thus of  Mr. McLeay: "Under the circumstances perhaps the two most striking  impersonations in the piece were  Lewis Waller's Brutus and young  Franklin McLeay's Cassius. Both  are carefully studied and vigorously  worked out with, if anything, the  accent on the Cassius."  Speaking  of McLeay   causes our  memory to turn back eighteen years  when we were so badly laid up with  the stage fever that we could not go  to sleep nights without taking a large  dose of popular recitations.     At that  time Major Harrison opened an elocution   class   in   Watford,    Ontario.  Although we did not live in Watford  we joined the class in quest of knowledge that would enable us to alarm  the world with our histrionic ability.  There were about twenty members in  the class and McLeay was the youngest.    At the end of the term Harrison  got up an entertainment to show the  people of Watford   how  clever we  were.   The part assigned to us was  that soul tickler of Tennyson's entitled,    "The   Charge of the Light  Brigade."   For weeks we practiced  it, and upon  the eventful night we  attired ourself in the reddest kind of  a red coat, buckled on  an old sword  well-known    around    Watford    as  ''Anthony's    cheese     knife,"     and  awaited   the  rising   of  the curtain.  Before our turn came  to go  on we  were stricken so badly  with stage-  fright that we discarded the red coat  and the cheese knife and determined  to face the congregation in our ordinary clothes.    When the fatal moment  arrived we faced  the footlights and  recited our piece with such force that  the   audience   called,  us   back.    If  Tennyson had been there  he would  have wept for joy.     We   were the  only one of the class honored with an  encore.     Franklin McLeay followed  us with a recitation entitled,   "The  Mariner's Dream," and as we stood in  the wings and  listened  to  the clear  tones  ot  the   pale-faced   youth   we  registered a thought that he was a  genius and might some  day   be a  great actor.    It has taken  eighteen  years for that thought to come true,  and Canada should be proud of such  an artist as   Franklin  McLeay.   We  would like to see him  play  Cassius,  and when we find another pay chute  on Tmk Lkiiok wc  will   step over to  Loudon and make   Frank  set up the  oysters in memory of the days when  we both had the stage-fright  in  the  little town of Watford.  Canadian police, especially at Lake  Tagish, given authority to issue  licenses to ingoing miners. This request   was   also   refused.  Minister Sifton proposed a counter  proposition on a basis of adjustment,  which was in effect, to permit Canadian goods to go through Wrangel  in bond. To this Mr. Lewis answered  that he was not given authority to  negotiate on any basis involving a  modification of the United States laws  or regulations.  The failure of Mr. Lewis to secure  anv concessions from Canada might  have been expected. On the face of  it his mission was a foolish one. To  ask that Canadian laws be modified  to accommodate American miners,  and vet not having power to negotiate  on any basis looking to the modification of American laws to accommodate Canadian miners, was a remarkable piece of Yankey ingenuity���in  other words, gall. But Mr. Lewis  lpamed a lesson that it would be well  for other American diplomats to  learn. He found there was no disposition on the part of Canadians to  concede anything to the United  States in the controversy without receiving as much in return.  Mr. Lewis was shown every courtesy while in Ottawa, but was received with a cold hand when he  made his mission known and attempted to force a consideration of his  propositions. If he came to Ottawa  thinking that Canada would longer  bear American imposition he went  away with that idea knocked into a  cocked hat. The delegations from  British Columbia were bitter in their  protests against any modification of  the regulations, and this fact alone  ought to convince Mr. Lewis and his  countrymen that, while we are ever  ready to extend a friendly hand to  any country helping to develop the  vast resources of our land, yet' we are  not ready, and do not have to, make  concessions to them that they refuse  to make to us. If the United States  is not ready to give anything, then  ought Canada to be of the same disposition.   THE EDITOR'S SPARE MOMENTS.  THE   END    OF   THE   PLAY.  The play is done; the curtain drops,  Slowfalling to the prompter's bell;  A moment yet the actor stops,  And looks around to say farewell.  It in an irksome word and task;  And when he's laughed and said his say,  He shews as he removes his mask.  A face that's anything but gay.  One word ere yet the evening ends,  Let's close it with a parting rhyme,  And pledge a hand to all young friends,  As tits the merry eve'n time.  On life's wide scene you, too, have parts,  That fate ere long shall bid you play,  Good night! with honest, gentle, hearts  A kindly greeting go alway!  Goodnight!   I'd say, the griefs, the joys,  Just hinted in this mimic page.  The triumphs and defeats of boys,  Are but repeated in our age.  I'd say your woes are not less keen,  Your hopes more vain than those of men;  Your pangs or pleasures of fiiteen  At forty-live played o'er again.  I'd say we, suffer and we strive,  Not less or more as men than boys,  With grizzled beards at forty-live,  As erst at twelve in corduroys.  And if in time of sabred youth,  We learned at home to love and pray,  Pray Heaven that early Love and Truth  May never wholly pass away:  And in the world as in the school,  I'd say how fate may change and shift;  The prize be sometimes with the fool,  The race not always to the swift.  The strong may yield, the good may fall,  The great man be a vulgar clown,  The knave be lifted overall,  The kind cast pitilessly down.  Come wealth or want, come good or ill.  Let young and old accept their part,  And bow before the awful will,  And bear it with an honest heart;  Who misses or who wins the prize,  To lose or conquer as you can,  But if you fall, or if you rise,  Be each, pray Gotl,' a gentleman.  ���William Makepeace Thackery.  EPITAPHS.  ii_.nffli_  I  I  <  Jennings  of  An   epitaph  on   Anny  Wolstanton, tells us that  Some have children, some have none;  Here lies the mother of twenty-one.  A double epitaph records the mornful  tale thus:  Here lies two brothers by misfortune surrounded ;  One died of hia wounds, the other was drownded.  A fatal disaster could hardly be recorded briefer than the following :  Here lies John Ross,  Kicked by a hoss.  Nor could a religious sentiment have  been more curtly and sarcastically expressed than is under:  Here lies the body of Gabriel Johk,  "Who died in seventeen hundred and one;  Pray for the soul of Gabriel John���  If you don't like it, you can let it alone;  'Tis all the same to Gabriel John,  Who died in seventeen hundred and one.  a_tk ��f Moot real  Established  1817.  Capital (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  Reserved fund : : 6,000,000.00  Undivided profits :    :     896,850.04  HEAD    OFFICE,   MONTREAI..  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Roy/al, Gr.C.M.G. President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice President,  E. S. Clouston, General Manager,  Branches ia all parts of Canada, Newfoundland, Great Britain, and  the United States.  New Denver branch  F. J. FINUCANE, Manager.  f^M *M "HUM*  OURNE  GROCERIES,  DRY GOODS,  CLOTHING,  BOOTS & SHOES,  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES,  STOVES,  ENAMEL and TINWARE,  PAINTS, OILS, GLASS,  POWDER, FUSE, CAPS, 1  JESSOP & BLACK DIAMOND STEEL  CHATHAM WAGONS, ETC.,  AT LOWEST PRICES.  New Denver, B. C  NOTICE.  Mr. H. L. Nicholson is no longer  in our employ  Bourne Bros.  Nakusp, 12th Feb., 1898.  The Hon. Mr. Pooley has not yet  commenced to spit Cotton.  It is time for prayers in Kootenay.  The local Legislature is in session.  Ogilvie's son will manage a  Kootenay mine this year. As his dad  kno ws so much about Klondike it is  a wonder he wouldn't send the boy  up there.    A correspondent at Seattle writes  that the Klondike bubble may burst  at any time, and that many ug-ly  stories are coming from the north  which are carefully kept out of public  print. ______  The Klondike rush is the greatest  tragedy of the age. It is tearfully  pathetic to watch the crowds of gold  crazy people in the race for the metal  that most of them will never get in  their little sacks.  Canada should have a mint. The  Government, thought last year that  there was no money in a national  mint. This is an erroneous idea.  There is always money in a mint  when it is kept running.  "Canada for Mann & McKenzie! " is  the cry now, instead of '' Canada for  the Canadians " as it used to be.  CANADA    MUST    UK    KESl'KCTKI).  Last week Representative James  Hamilton Lewis returned to Washington from Ottawa, where he had  spent several days in conference with  the Dominion government leaders.  His mission was to appeal to this  government for some modifications of  the Canadian regulations requiring  American miners bound tor the Klondike to procure their licenses at Vancouver, Victoria or Dawson City.  Mr. Lewis sought to have the regulation modified so that a license could  be issued by British consuls or vice  consuls at American ports. Failing |  in this, he then sought to  have the,  If the Provincial parliament would  pay a tribute to New Denver's beauty  as a townsite by voting $5,000 to be  expended on her streets and government reserve, her citizens would  be as liberal in kind words when the  government is deceased.  The Mineral City News is a monthly paper published at Rossland to  boom Mineral City, in the Arrow  Lake mining division. The boomers  should wait until the mines of that  section are further developed before  they commence to unload  town lots.  Little jackleg papers are constantly springing up in Kootenay. If  there were fewer and better papers  the country would be the gainer, and  many would-be editors would miss  the agony caused by empty stomachs.  The public would also be saved the  annoyance caused by these triflers  with the lever that moves the world.  How much  do you know  about Furniture  Possibly more than we can tell  you; but you don't mind if we  intrude and tell you something  about OUR Furniture, do you?  That's what we buy this space  in Tnrc Lkdgk for:   and, while.  the Editor might be able to fill  it with matter that would please  you better, it would.l't do us so  much good. Our stock of   Furniture is  as complete as wc have cash  to buy: was selected with a  view of having nothing1 in  stock (hat our patrons and  friends don't want, and  everything that they dc  want in our line. Wc have  handsome Bedroom Sets,  Par lor Sets aud Upholstered  .Pieces; Rockers and Easy  Chairs; Upholstered and  Wire Cots���in short, a lot o^  nice things for the homo.  Come and see.  Remember, wc are the only experienced  Undertakers   and   Einbahners   doing  business on Slocan Lake.      Are able to  do anything in the business from the  call to the grave.  .  I am offering special inducements to  my patrons in  Suitings  Do not miss this opportunity  for our Worsteds, Serges,  Tweeds, Trouserings and  Overcoatings are the newest  and best in the Slocan country. Satisfaction guaranteed or   money   refunded.  A. n. Wilson,  The Reliable Slocan Tailor.  Williamson Block, Hew Denver.  S. RASHDALL,,  Notary Public.  A. E. FAUQUIER.  RASHDALL & FAUQUIER  MINES &. REAL ESTATE.  NEW DENVER, B.C.  CORRESPONDENCE  MINING INTERESTS BOUGHT,  SOLD  and BONDED.   INVITED   Complete lists of claims for sale.    Abstracts of claims, conveyancing.  108 Bishopsgate St.  [within]  The  British Lomm ENG*  Subscription. ��2.50 per annum  Columbia  Review  To    Brokers,    Mining  Engineers, owners of  Mining claims', Milling  Engineers,  Assayers,  Journalists and ethers:���  H. T. BRAGDON,  New Denver, B.C.  Heavy and Shelf Hardware,  Mine and Mill Supplies,  Pipe and Fittings,  Paints and Oils,  Builders' and Contractors'  Supplies,       a  Stoves and Kitchen Ware,  Agents for Canton Steel.  I carry one of the largest  and best assorted stocks of  Hardware in West Kootenay,  and shall be pleased to quote  prices u[K>n anything required  in my line.  Advertise in the IJ.   C. Iteview,    The  only   representative    B.    C.   .Journal   in  Europe.     A Q00d investment  W. S. DliEWliY  Kaslo. B.C.  H. T. TwiGG  New Denver, B.C.  WALKER BROS. & BAKER,  ���New   Furniture Dealers and Kepairers  Denver's     Undertakers and ISmbsilmcrs.  N. B.���We have the only practical Undertaker  and Embulmcr doing business in the Slocan.  DREWRY & TWIGG  Dominion and Provincial .Land. Surveyors.  Civil and Mining Engineers.  Bedford, McNeil Code.  JtsTRashdall & Fauquier, Agents.  j^ L. GRIMMETT, L.L.B.  BARRISTER,  Solicitor, Notary Public, Etc  Sandon, B. C.  Q M. WOODWORTH,  M.A., LL.B.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  CONVEYANCE]t. Etc.,  MINES and REAL ESTATE  Slocan City, B.C.  Newly opened in New Denver, is one  of comfort, luxury and ease. The  rooms are elegantly furnished, the  building hard-finished, the dining-  room Avarm, light and tastefully decorated, and the tables laden with all  the viands fit to eat. It isn't neces-  to talk about Henry Stege's bar. It  is too well known.  HENRY STEOE Prop'r,  OTEL SANDON,  W ^  Sandon, B.C.  .Dining Room and Bar. First-  class in every respect. Rooms  well furnished. Trail open to  Ten and Twelve Mile creeks.  Pack and Saddle Animals to hire.  ALLEN & CORY, Proprietors.  Vevcv, Slocan Lake, B.C.  R  Ga FAUQUIER,  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Nakusp, B.C.  J��. E. PALMER, C.E.  PROVINCIAL LAND  and MINE SURVEYOR.  npHIS NEW HOUSE, with the old name, is  well equipped to accommodate a large  number of Guests. The building is plastered  and the rooms are unsurpassed for comfort in  the Slocan, while in the Dining Room can be  found the best food in the market.  Robert Cunning, Proprietor.  The Clifton House,  P.O. Box 214.  Sandon, B.C  "Humble pie" refers to the days  when the English forests were stocked  with deer, una venison pasty was commonly seen on the tables of the wealthy.  The inferior and refuse portions of the  deer, termed "limbics," were generally  appropriated to the poor, who made  them into a pie; hence "umble pie" became suggestive of poverty, and afterwards was applied to degradations of  other kinds.  li US INKS* CIIAN'CK FOB IIOT-I. MAN.  The Newmarket, of New Denver,  is now open for lease���8 large rooms,  28 bedrooms, kitchen and laundry.  Most, popular hotel in the most prosperous town in the Slocan. Apply to  Thompson, Mitchell & Co.,  Com. Agfcs, New Denver.  of  all  kinds,   call   on or  write  Cg���W  W,F.Teetzel & Co,  DRUGGISTS, Nelson,B.C.  Travelers  Will find the  Arlington Hotel  a pleasant place to stop at when in  Sloean City.  GETHING & HENDERSON, Proprietors.  A      DRISCOLL, C. E.,  I ominion & Provincial  Lacd Surveyor.  GWILLIM ���.JOHNSON.  (McGill)  Mining Engineers  & Analy-Chemists.  Slocan Citv.   It r.  HOTELiS Op KOOTEj^flV  THE MINERS EXCHANGE.  Three Forks, E. C. Weaver  ASSHVEI^S OF B. G.  J-JOWARD WEST,  Assoc. R S M, London, Eng  MINING ENGINEER,  ANALYTICAL CHEMIST,  & ASSAYER.  Properties   examined   and   reported on for in  tending purchasers.  Assay office and Chemical Laboratory, Bellevue ave. New Denver, B C.  Sandon.  Has ample accommodations for a large number of people. The rooms are large  and airy, and the Dining Room is provided with everything in the market  Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers.  John Buckley, Prop.  _________    t> _.       fl__0_B  THE  J. M. M. BENEDUM,  Silverton.  D  R. A.S. MARS'  Dentist.  Kaslo, B C  Slocan City, B.C  Graduate of American College of Dental Surgery  Chicago  Th8 Prosuectors' Assay Office  Brandon, B. C,  SILVERTON, B.C.  Is a new three-story hotel situated near the wharf. The  house is plastered and the  rooms are furnished in a  manner calculated to make  travelers call again. Mining  and Commercial men will appreciate the home comforts ot  this hotel.  BRANDON & BARRETT  Assay Price List:  Gold, Silver, or Lead, each  81.50  Gold, Silver and Lead, combined  3 00  Gold and Silver  2 00  Silver and Lead  2 00  Copper (by Electrolysis) - 2 00  Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead  4 00  Gold and Copper  2 50  Silver and Copper  2 50  Gold, Silver and Copper  3 00  Platinum  5 00  Mercury  2 09  Iron or Manganese. .* ���  2 00  Lime, Magnesium, Barium,  Silica, Sulphur, each  2 00  Bismuth, Tin, Cobalt, Nickel, Antimony,  Zinc, and Arsenic, each  4 00  Coal (Fixed Carbon, Volatile Matter, Ash,  and percentage  of Coke, if Coking  Coal)  0  Terms: '.Cash With Sample.  June 20th, 1895.  FRANK DICK,  Assayer and Analyst  WANTED���  Industrious Men of Character.  THE LINSCOTT COMPANY  TORONTO. Fifth Yeah.  THE LEDGHE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 3, 1898.  SOME   WEST    KOOTENAY   ORE  BODIES.  By J. C. Gwillim, Slocan City, B.C.  (Read before the January meeting of the B. C.  Association of M.E. Discussion March meet-  lag Federated Canadian Mining Institute.  The object of writing- this paper is to  offer some observations upon West  Kootenay ore bodies in general and  some in particular. Some of the chief  types of ore bodies as so far explored  have been already dealt with by officers  -of the Dominion and Provincial governments in their annual reports. So that  there is little more to be said about them  at present, and they will not be referred  to at length.  Neither will any new and particular  theories of ore genesis be offered. Always bearing in mind that passage in  Kemp on "Ore Deposits" which reads:  "It ia, however, true that among the  " subjects on which, human imagina-  " tion, often superstitious, has run to  " wild extremes, and on which cranky  "dreamers have exercised their wits,  " the origin of ore deposits stands out  "in particularly strong relief."  The productive nature of this district  is shown by these rough values for the  last live vears, including 1897 : S300,-  000; 8800,000; $2,200,000; $4,500,000;  $8,300,000.  The ores which produced these values  are of three main classes. The argentiferous galenas of Slocan���Kaslo and  Ainsworth primarilv : The pyrrhotite  copper gold ores of Trail Creek secondly ; and the silicious dry ores of gold  and silver which are more especially  found in southern Slocan and Nelson  divisions, but which also occur as subsidiary ore bodies in every mining  division of the district. Another large  contributor is the Silver King with its  copper-silver ore; this, however, is a  somewhat unique deposit as far as productiveness is concerned.  These* principal ores are not confined  entirely to certain areas, but each has  its own chief centre and its particular  characteristics in form and value.  In considering the galena ores one  may begin with those of the Ainsworth  division as these, in 1893, were the first  to cause attention. They occur chiefly  in a narrow strip of schistose rocks and  'slates which run along the west shore  of Kootenay Lake and extend backwards into the mountains from one to  four miles, where they form a contact  with the great granite" mass which lies  between Kootenay and Slocan lakes.  Along this narrow strip there are  many rich ore bodies, both galena and  dry ores of silver. The galena itself is  not of as high grade as that of the  Slocan, whilst the dry ores of pyrite,  argentite aud native silver in the same  vicinity are often exceptionally rich.  These ore bodies appear to have formed  usually in fissures and chatter zones  which strike most often in the same  direction as the country rock, which  here runs north and south. The country rock is'composed of wide bands  of green and grey schists, products of  volcanic action, and argillites and limestones. Across the lake in an older  series of banded rocks very large exposures of low grade galena have been  found. Excepting that of the Blue Bell,  none of these are much developed.  Going north from Ain*sworth, the productive galena bearing- zone recedes to  the westward and is chiefly concentrated about the upper waters of Kaslo  creek and Carpenter creek, near the  summits ol" the range.  There appears to be little doubt of  the true Assure origin of those Slocan  veins. They have fairly direct courses  with a general tendency to striking  north-easterly. The veins cross the  slates and limestones and also' certain  sets of dykes. The walls arc free, with j  a small amount of ganguc as a rule, and  the dips are at high angles. No faulting of much account has occurred since  the lilling of these veins. Occasional  dykes interior. These, at times, appear  to have some effect in causing local  mineralization; they cause very little  displacement.  lhe gangue matter in a true secondary deposit, derived in part from the  broken walls, and chiefly from limey  and siliceous solutions, together with a  considerable amount of spathic iron  and some barite.  The spathic iron and galena are at  times banded, but more usually there is  a patchy mixture of all the constituents  of the vein, at the same time the galena  is chiefly concentrated along one"or the  other of  the walls.    This is especially  true of the variety "steel galena" which  may often be seen bearing the slickeu-  side 'marks of the movement   on   the  vein walls.   Such may be seen in the  White   Water, Idaho and Enterprise.  The best illustration of a clay seam seen  in this section is at the White Water.  Here, on a well worn foot-wall of 4b" dip  may be seen a thin parting of clay, then  upon   this a   regular band or slab of  dark dull steel galena of about one foot  thickness.   This is clean and smooth.  Over this comes a foot of stiff blue clay  containing fragments of wall rock and  galena.    Above this again   is a second  vein of mixed quartz, spathic iron, and  patches or a bright crystallized galena.  This brighter galena' is said to be the  richest. " It contains a littlegrey copper  and   some   dense   fine   grained   zinc  blende.  The country rock is composed here of  soft finely laminated slates containing  very littie lime.  An analysis of such found in the  Wellington, which lies near by, gives:  Si 02=49-57; Mg 0=3.22; Fe.2 03-  8.74; Al 2 03=24.04; Ca 0=0.47.  This mass of slate which abuts a  serpentine mass immediately to the  north, shows signs of a slow movement,  at the present time, and is full of minor  faulting planes with considerable selvage clay.  Whilst'mentioning this White Water  section something may be said of the  numerous quartzTjodies here met with.  These ramify the slates as small segregated stringers and sometimes crop out  in wide bodies of a character somewhat  like those gold bearing quartz veins of  southern Slocan. These, however,  have so far been found to be very barren. So far as explored none of the  galena veins have been followed into  the granite which bounds this area of  slates, nor has any change of country  rock or ore which amounts to much  been observed in the deepest levels yet  gained, none of which exceed 750 feet  . Although the galena ore bodies are,  as a rule, reerular, there is distinct  localization of~the valuable ore. This  forms shutes which follows pretty much  on the dip. They vary greatly in  width. That of the Payne being the  widest so far found: intermediate portions of the vein are but poorly mineralized.  Beyond the limits of the Slocan area  of slates very few veins of wet ore are  found. Those which occur, such as  some on Ten Mile creek, as the Enterprise, and on Kokanee lake, as the  Molly Gibson group, show exceptional  richness and promise. These veins are  of true fissure origin. They dip at high  angles, and have a gangue matter  chiefly of quartz and caleite, with the  ore well collected along the walls. In  these veins there usually appears to be  some richer constituent than the galena.  At times this is carried in the associated  zinc blende, and also in the cleavage  planes of the galena, as argentite or  other sulphide of silver.  The much criticized Two Friends  mine on Springer creek carries a very  high grade of galena, more especially  localized in the neignborhood of an in  terfering mica trap dyke. Some experiments made with this galena gave  the following results, assays being all  from one hand specimen piece :���  1. Picked small cubes with a greenish satin or crust upon thuih  Ag.=325,oz.  2. 80 mesh sitting's  from coarsely  crushed ore of pea size  Ag. = 298. oz.  3. Picked granular or wavy galena. Ag.=23l. oz.  i. Picked cubes brushed and clean.. Ag.=181. oz.  5. Coarse remainder of above.which  would not fto throuiih a  10 mesh  sieve  Ag. = I76. oz.  These results seem to point to some  rich interstitial matter, and are borne  out by the visible occurrence of a dark  dull matter which is adherent to some  of the cube faces of the galena;  It may here be said that the chief producer of value in West Kootenay is the  silver-lead galena ore of the Slocan���  Kaslo and Ainsworth. It is greater  than that of all the other ores combined.  While speaking of the galena ores it  becomes necessary to take into account  those large deposits of the Lardeau  country which has, so far, produced  vezy little owing to want of roads  This district was visited by Mr.  Carlyle during the past summer. His  report will probably be out before this  paper is read, and will anticipate the  remarks made here to some extent.  This district has "been in the waiting stage of mining for several  years. A good deal of development has  been done, but very little shipping.  The ore bodies, both galena and dry  ores, show a considerable conformity to  the strike of the country rocks. In  many cases they follow contact lines.  Certain bands of rock appear to influence the mineralization. The strike  and dip of these rocks are wonderfully  regular. The former is north-west ana  latter in crossing from the Silver Cup  to the'head of Gainer creek, some 10  miles north-east changes from 20�� N.E.  to 15* S.W., the valley of the south fork  of Lardeau being between these points.  Very lai-ge bodies of clean and concentrating galena occur on the upper  branches of the Lardeau river, and also  smaller ore bodies of mixed galena, zinc  blende and grey copper, these last being usually of high grade, whilst much  of'the heavier galenas are not as high  grade as in the Slocan ; they are more  varied in value and depend a great  deal upon the amount of grey copper  present There is also a higher gold  value than in the Slocan galenas. Mr.  Jamieson, late engineer of the L. & F.  R. Gold Fields Co., writes of the Alpha  as being a true vein some 45 feet wide,  of quartz containing galena, having a  slate foot.wall and 'serpentine hanging-  wall. There is, however, a contact o '  much greater magnitude in the matter  of ore "production. This is the great  band of limestone, locally known as the  "Lime Dyke," which cuts across the  country between the upper waters of  the Lardeau and Duncan rivers.  This consists of a massive limestone  which rises at times 500 feet above the  more broken down schists and pitches  under them at a dip of lo�� from the  vertical to the south-west, the strike  being N. (-5�� W. Along this "lime  dyke" are located many of the principal  groups of claims, such as tiie Abbot,  Black Prince, Bad Shot and Glengarry',  some of which are massive galena  bodies and some highgra.degrey copper  and zinc ores with a well crystallized  caleite gangue.  Some of these ore bodies are on one  side and some on the other of the limestone, which is a few hundred feet  thick, also some follow the contact aud  some dip into and across the limestone,  then forming lenticular masses of high  grade ore connected by stringers. In  these there do not appear to be free  walls, the ore being cemented more or  less to the country rock. Ore bodies of  like character in schists and limestones  somewhat .'similar occur east of Kootenay Lake.  So,much has been said of the copper  gold ores of this district that little need  be said here, the most accepted theory  of their nature is that of replacement of  the country rock along the course of  fissures. Sometimes the mineralization  appears to be concentrated about apparently interfering dykes, as is the  case with some galenas in this district.  Here as elsewhere certain characteristic ores are much confined to certain  rocks. An analysis made upon a prevalent fine grained grey rock found in  the tunnels gives:  Si 02=4fl.US: Ca () = 13.(i0; Mg O-  9.15 ;  Fe2 03 = 10.13 ; A12 03 = iij.27.  Going westwards, there are many  changes in the rock, but upon Big-  Sheep creek, atathe Velvet.ore bodies of  the same apparent origin occur. That  is to say there is a rmiin seam, or fissure, along which massive ore is concentrated together with a zone of  partially replaced country rock, there  being no vein filling- as ordinarily understood. This ore is chiefly copper  pyrites, the pyrrhotite being "less evident in this section. The soft green  grey country rock containing this ore  gives on analvsis :  Si 02.U2.62; A12 03 20.2.5; Fe2 03  5.75; Mg 0 s-GO-  A second series of quartz veins occurs  in this section, they appear to cut some  of the more basic deposits.  Concerning the third class of silicious  dry ores these have been studied in  more detail than the foregoing, especially those which occur in the main  g-ranite mass 'which lies between Kootenay and Slocan lakes. The silicious  dry* ores of West Kootenay are represented very widely. So far, they have  not been mined to any great extent,  and many expensive experiments have  somewhat discouraged investment;  when they are properly understood  they will become an important factor  as producers. Amongst such ore bodies  are the O. K., Fern,  and Poorinan, the  dry ores of Slocan granites, and some of  the Ymir section.  In these the values are gold and  silver, some, as the native metal, and  some freed by oxidation, also in auriferous copper and iron pyrites, grey copper and argentite. These veins usually  vary much in width, seldom exceeding-  six-feet. The strike has no general  tendency and the dip appears to be  more or less inclined, according to the  district. There are many dipping at  angles of under 45��; this low inclination is often attributed to a process  known as "breakingover," a somewhat  complicated arrangement, considering  the "nature of the rock in which they  occur.  In these ore bodies the valuable portions are concentrated into chutes and  pockets ; considerable care and experience is necessary in order to sort out ore  which will pay to ship���or $75 to 8100  rock. When the whole quartz body  can be treated by some milling process  yet to be devised, a large field of operations will be opened up, for the veins  are very numerous in some sections.  In the section of country drained by  Twelve Mile, Springer "and Lemon  creeks, there is a very peculiar and  characteristic ore body. This is composed of a coarsely crystallized quartz  from a few inches, and sometimes a  seam only, to five feet wide. At the  surface these veins usually dip less than  40�� from the horizon. No" depth as yet  gained���about 100 ft.���has proved them  to become more nearly vertical.  Many small displacements have taken  place along cross faulting planes As  far as seen the ore body always leaves  a continuity either along a seam where  only a thin"streak of selvage exists. It  has" been said that these are segregation  veins pinching out into solid wall rock.  This also lacks confirmation.  The values are contained in pyrites,  argentite, oxides of iron, and free gold  and silver.   The gold value which is as  1 to 5 of silver north of Springer creek  changes to equal values along the north  slopes  of  Lemon  creek, and further  south still, as  at the Alphine, Black  Prince and Maple Leaf, the gold is chief  and the'silver unimportant.   Along the  walls  of  these veins the   dark  grey  granites have been altered serietic and  kaolinized matter.   At times there is a  free wall and selvage matter, and at  times the quartz is apparently cemented to the granite.   As both these conditions occur on the same wall within a  few   feet   of one another,   it becomes  rather puzzling to explain the matter,  however, on gaining depth to the unde-  composed portions of the vein the walls  are. much  more free and definite, the  "frozen", walls  being  due  in a great  extent to a cementing- of the wall rock  owing to decomposition; there is not  much evidence of movement upon the  walls.   The whole granite mass shows  signs, under the microscope, of great  strain and crushing    At times there is  a well defined comb structure in central  portions  of  the   vein,   this cavity  is  usually filled with a frangible,  somewhat granular pyrites,  in some cases  marcasite.    The   iron   is   rarely  well  crystallized, it occupies interstices and  is penetrated by large and well formed  quartz crystals.     Argentite occurs in  little wedge-like bunches fixed in the  spaces  between quartz crystals, more  especially within  the zone decomposition, which extends to some 25 feet in.  Below this point the gold and argentite  occur in a   very finely divided state  associated and "intermixed    with   the.  iron.  There is a concentration of value in  the oxidized portions. It is not often  greater than that which may be expected to result on the decomposition of  pyrites .into oxide of iron. The ore,  both pyntous and oxidized, varies very  greatly in value without any visible  change in appearance. Pyrites within  five feet of one another may go So and  SL50 respectively.  On the oxidation of the pyrites there  is a collection of the freed gold; it appears as visible pin points and scales  which do not pass through the sieves.  Something of the same kind appears to  take'place with the argentite, causing  the malleable crystals to form. However, as the mineralization of these  veins varies so much it may be only a  coincidence which makes this appear  so. Concerning the .many minor ore  bodies now being developed, very little  has been done. "There are some very  interesting associations of the richer  silver   ores    with    silicious    Hint-like  gangue matter; and some in connection  with a system of dykes which traverse  this granite area. These will speak for  themselves bye and bye.  For the analysis of the country rocks  I am indebted to Mr. W. S. Johnson,  who is now making some further experiments upon the dry ores of this  district.  "  GAMBLING   IN   DAWSON.  Chicago, 111.���"At 10 to 12 o'clock at  night," says a Dawson City correspondent of the News, "the throng in the  gambling places is greatest. Around  the tables the players and spectators  are  crowded  and  a  halo   of tobacco  smoke hangs over them around the  chandelier and big tin reflector. The  layout is nearly covered with red  checks and white checks, with now and  then a greater stack of blues, which  are of greater value. Men reach over  one another's shoulders to drop a gold  sack on a card. One will say as he  does this, 'That plays the jack"for ��25,"  and the dealer nods without looking up  and makes the turn. If the player  wins, the dealer silently puts $25 worth  of checks by the gold sack, and the winner continues to play or cashes them at  a desk, where is sitting a young man  behind a pair of gold scales with several tumblers of gold dust at his right  hand.  "At midnight the interest seems to be  centred upon the faro table. The manager of the roulette wheel is eating his  lunch, with a laconic observation between bites now and then to a companion across the board. A young woman  who has come out of th"e dance hall,  with a tipsy miner, says : 'Hello, Jimmy,' to the roulette man, and faces the  bar with her friend, and then the rest  of the dancers come crowding in and  line up at the bar, for the drink at the  end of the set is as much a part of the  dance as is the mur.ic.  "A little dried up man with drooping  mustache, who owns one of the best  claims on Bonanza, is having a tilt with  the dealer at the faro table about the  limit. He wants to play S100 on the  jack. The dealer shakes his head at  first, but the little man is persistent  and the dealer finally says, 'Let her go.'  " 'Some time,' says the little man,  after ithe jack comes up winner, 'I'm  goin' to open up a game at the Forks���  a gentleman's game, where a man can  bet as much as he wants to.'"  A Mount Holyoke girl who was studying.to be a missionary wrote the following on the fly-leaf of her text-book on  Moral Science, the name of the author  of which is suppressed on account of  the respectability of his family:  if there should be another flood,  lTor refuge hither fly :  Though all the world should be submerged,  This book would still be dry.  Just received, a large consignment of  Men's, Youth's and Boys' Ready Made  Clothing. Prices compatible with the  present financial depression.  Bourne Bros.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS  Kaslo Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek.  rilAKE NOTICE tliat I, W. D. McKay, acting  J.    as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's  certificate No. 97531 and John S. Parker, free  miner's certificate No. 77739,  intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certifieare of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced Itefore the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th dav of January, 1898.  Eosebery  The northern connecting- point of  the C. P. R. on Slocan Lake.  Rosebery  Has the only  Slocan City.'  safe harbor north of  Oro Mineral Claim.  Situated in the Slocan Mining Division of  West Kootenay District. Where looated:  About one mile east of Cody on the south  fork of Carpenter Creek  TAKE NOTICE that I, W*. D. McKay, acting  as agent for D. E. Sprague, free miner's cer  ficate No. 97531, and John S. Parker, free miner's  certificate No. 77,739, intend sixty days from the  date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that action under section 37. must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated tills 13th day of January, 1898.  Alma No. 2 Mineral Claim.  TAKENOTICE that I. W. D.  as agent for D. E.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: About  one mile east of Cody on the south fork of  Carpenter Creek  McKay, acting  Sprague, iree miner's certificate "No. 97531, and John S Parker, free  miner's certificate No 77739, intend sixty days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements for the  purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action under section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of  such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, 1898.  Comiskey Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: On  the Galena Farm, adjoining the Peerless  mineral claim or* the north.  TAKE NOTICE that I. Francis J. O'Reilly of  Silverton, B. C, as agent for the Galena  Mines Ld, (Foreign) Free Miner's Certificate No.  7295 A., intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a  Crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of February, 1898.  _ ' FRANCIS 7. O'REILLY.  Humbolt   Mineral   Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay district. Where located: On Four  Mile Creek, an extension of the Vancouver  No. 2.  TAKE NOTICE that I, F. S. Andrews, agent  for W. H. Hellvar, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 4158 A, intend sixty days from the date  hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action under Sec.  37 must be commenced before the issuance of such  certificate of improvements.  Dated this 5th day of November, 1897.  F. S. ANDREWS,  Agent for W. H. Hellyar.  Rosebery  It is at Rosebery where the beautiful Slocan steamer ties up over night  and where the employees can bring:  their families.  Rosebery  Lots were put on the market June 28  and are selling fast. You cannot  afford to wait if you want a lot. They  are going up.  Rosebery  Afen are now grading and clearing  the townsite, and several buildings  are abouc to be erected.  Rosebery  Is destined to be the distributing centre for the Slocan.  Rosebery  Will become the great Concentrating  City of the Slocan, having abundance  of water and being easy of access to  the Mining Centre.    Watch this.  Rosebery  Terms, J cash; balance three and six  months.  For full particulars apply to  A. M. BEATTIE,  General Agen  Katie, a person well-known to many  of our readers, recently said to her mistress : "I know a girl who has been  keeping company three years with a  young man, and was married two weeks  ago, and last night he was run over by  the cars and killed. Ain't that dis-  courag-ing !"  SLOCAN CTTY TOWNSITE.  '���PAKE NOTICE (hat Messrs. Suckling Brothers'  J. Agency has expired, and that no person  other than the undersigned, has authority to  make contracts, receive payments, etc. All  communications and payments, with reference  to the Townsite should be forwarded to the  Thustee, who will sign all agreements and  deeds.  FRANK FLETCHER, Trustee.  Mammoth Mineral Claim.  Situate in the Slocan Mining Division of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Adjoining the Mountain Chief, Carpenter Creek.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Herbert T. Twigg, agent  for John A. Finch, Free Miner's Certificate  No. 1674 A., Alfred W. MeCune. Free Miner's Certificate No. 61727 and George W. Hughes, Free  Miner's Certificate No. 64975, intend sixty days  from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a certificate of improvements,  for the purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under  section 37, must be commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements  Dated this 13th day of Januarv. 1898.  HERBERT T. TWIGG.  Badgei- State   Mineral Claim.  CANADIAN  PACIFIC  RAILWAY.  The Quickest  and  Cheapest Route  East  or  West.  Steamer     leaves    Nakusp    every  morning, making close connection  at  Revelstoke with trains     or"  all points East or TV est.  | NOTICE.  rTICE is hereby given that Of) days' after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner  ' of Lands and Works for permission to purchase  the following parcel of land situated on the  east side of Slocan Lake, Slocan Mining Division,  West Kootenay District, commencing at tho  southwest post, of A. M. Wilson's pre-emption,  thence running north to chains, thence running  west to the Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of  way, thence running south along the line'of the  Nakusp & Slocan Railway right of way to the  northwest corner of the townsite of .Rosebery,  thence east to the point of commencement, containing 80acres, more or less.  Dated, Nov. 2Sth, 1897.  A. M. BEATTIE.  Situated in the Slocan MiningDivision of West  Kootenay District. Where located: Near  the town of Sandon.  rPAKE NOTICE That I, George Alexander, free  1 miner's ccrtilicate No. 7-10IIO, intend 00 days  from the date hereof to apply to the Mining  Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,  for thepurpose of obtaining a Crown grant of  the above claim.  And further take notice that action under  section 37 must be commenced before the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 1th day of January. 1S!)S.  IOTICE  DITTS BROS., of .Silverton. Three Forks and  1 Sondon, having assigned for the benefit of  their creditors, all accounts due the. estate and  nor paid forthwith will be proceeded against in  the courts fo~ recovery of same.  Signed��� H'OWARl) CHAPMAN,  Assignee.  & TRADINQCO.,  LTD.  Strs Mematioiial aM.Allior  On Kootenay Lake and River.  RESTAURANT  In NEW DENVER is always ready to do  business. It has never closed its doors  on account of the little financial breezes  that blow adversely occasionally in the  Silvery Slocan. The weary and hungry  pilgrim has always been able to get his  wants, and in consequence they call again  when in town. Keep your eye on the  Sunday dinners.  JACOBSON & CO.  Time Card in Effect   Oct.  1st,   1897.   Daily  Except Sunday. Subject to Change without notice  Close connection at Five. Mile  Point with all  passei'gei trains of (heN. & F.S.R.R. to and from  Northport, Rossland and Spokane.  Through   tickets sold at  Lowest Rates and  Baggage checked to all United Slates Points.  Lv  Lv  Kaslo for Nelson and way  Ar. Northport 12:15 p.m.;  m.; Spokane, ii p.m.  Nelson for Kaslo nnd way  Lv. Spokane 8 a.m ; Ross!  Northport, 1:50 a.m.  points, 5:15 a.m  Rossland 3:10  p  points. -1.(5 p.m.  land,  10:20 a.m.:  Before you travel get information from  C.P.R.   Agents as to time and  rates.   It will save you money  Appl y to nearest Railway Agent  or to  H. DOUGLAS, Agent.  H. M. MacGregor,  Trav. Pass Agt,  Nelson,  or to E.  J.  Coyle,  Dist.  Pass. Agt, Vancouver, B. C.  Spoto Falls _ Irtta  Nelson &Ft. Sheppard  fted  Mountain  RAILWAYS  The only all rail route without change  fears between Nelson and Rossland  nd Spokane and Rossland:  Only Route to Trail Creek  and Mineral District of the  Golville Reservation, Nelson, Kaslo,  Kootenay  Lake and   Slocan  Points.  Daily, Except Sunday.  Leave.  9:20 a.m.  12:00 "  8:00 a.m.  NELSON  ROSSLAND  SPOKANE  AllItlVE.  5:35 p.m  2:50   "  6:40 p.m  Kaslo and  Close connection with Steamers for  all Kootenay lake points.  Passengers for Kettle   River and Boundary  Creek connect at .Marcus with stage daily.  ASLO &_ LOGAN KY  BON.NER/S FERRY and KOOTENAY RIVER  SERVICE.  The Alberta awaits the nrrivnl of the international before leaving for Bonner's Ferry.  Lv. Kaslo, S.it.,-l.0f. p. m: Ar. Boundary, Sun. j  midnight: Aa. Bonner's Ferry. Sun.. !0.:so a.m. \  Lv Bonner's Ferry, Sun.. 1 p.m.: Ar. Bound- !  ary. Sun., .a p.m.: Ar. Kaslo. Sun.. 10 p.m. I  Close conneeton at- Bonner's Ferry with i  trains East bound, leavimr Spokane 7.10 a.m.,.1  and West bound, arriving Spokane 7 p.m.  Tin; last trip this season  on the Conner's Ferry I  route will be on the llth and 7th  November after  which date the  Bonner's  Ferry service will be  discontinued.  GEORGE   ALEXANDER, Gen'l Mgr  Head Office at Kaslo, B.C.  Kaslo. B.C., Oct. 1, 1897  TIME CARD  Subject to change without notice  Trains run on Pacific Standard Time.  Leave S Oo A.M  "   s ,'jii '���  '���   !i ;(.; "  "   it 51 ���'  '��� io O.j "  " 10 18 "  " 10 38 "  Arr. 10 so "  ROBT. IRVING,  Traffic Afngr.  GEO.   F.  Kaslo  South Fork  Sproule's  Whitewater  Bear Lake  .McGuigan  Cody Junction  Sandon 1  ���\ rrive  .cave  , :. .'>(��� P.M  .1 15 "  2 la "  2 C'J "  1 -JS "  i :��3 "  1 1:.' "  1 00 "  a_��_a___.  1!  n  L  1  i  1  i  11  i  i  III  II  !  I  III  II  I  From Montreal  California, Allan Line    Parisian, ,;      Carthaginian "      Labrador .Dominion Line    Vancouver, ���'  ���:���  From New York  Umbria, Cunard Line    Etruria "     Campania,      "     Majestic, White Star Line    Teutonic (i     St. Paul. American Line    St. Louis, '���     State of Nebraska. Allan State Line    Southwark, Red Star Line    Noordland. ���'     Cabin >-!'), .-':>n, S'1,0, 70 sSOand upwards.  Intermediate s'iO and upwards.  Steerage .-?2/>.50 and upwards.  Passengers  Ticketed   through to all uoints in  Great Britain or Ireland, and at  Specially low  rates to allpartsof the European Continent.  Prepaid Passages arranged from all points.  Apply to A. O. MCARTHUR, C.P.R.  Agent  Sandon, or  WILLIAM   STITT,  General Agent,  C. P. R. Offices, Winnipeg  For che  and from ;  ap railroad and  ill  points,  apply  COPELAND,  Superintendent  steamship tickets tc  to  S.  CAMPBELL, Agent, Sandon.  COLUMBIA & WESTERN By  SCHEDULE.  Ell'ective Nov. 32,  1897  P.M.  WESTBOUND. EASTHOUN1).  P.M.    P.M. P.M.  No.5  No.3  No.l No.2  3-15 <>:0O.... ROBSON ... .8:00  .1:00   2:00   10:00 TRAIL 7:00  3:15   11:15.. ROSSLAND... 6:00  Nos. 1 and 2 connect with C.P.R  P.M. p.m.  No.4 No.6  2:30  12:55 1:15  12:00m  main line  steamers, and trains to and from Nelson at Robson.  Nos. 3 and 1 are local (rains between Trail and  Rossland.  Nos. 5 and (i are local trains between Trail  and Robson. No. 0 connects with train No. *l  from Rossland.  All trains daily.  1<\ P. GUTELIUS, Gen. Supt. THE LETOE, NEW DENVER, B.C., MARCH 8, 1898.  Fifth Year  MINING   RB0ORDS.  The following is a complete list of the  If vou should find a nickel on the  office" floor, what should you spend it  for?  ^^ . ...~fo -_ . x- ,    I would not spend it, for that would  mining transactions recorded during the I ^e sinfui.   I   would restore it to  the  week in the several  mining divisions of  the Slocan.   Those of .New Denve- were  as follows:���  ASSESSMENTS.  Fed 24���Prescott, Prescott Fraction, Prescott  Fraction No 2, Four Mile Fraction.  Feb 2H���Croydon Fraction.  Feb 28���Superior.  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  Feu 24���First Extension, American Girl. Concord, Saphire, Gem.  Feb 28���Reciprocity, Lillian No 4.  TRANSFERS.  Feu 24���London Fraction .'., A W McMillan to  P A McDougall, Jan 3.  Handy *,CH Towns to Geo Mai r, Jan 2d.  Feb 25���Okanagan Chief J, Frank Jacobson to  Ernest Harrop. Feb 3. ,  Croydon Fraction, Jas L Forrester to Alexander A Hedges. Feb 21. .,  Valkyrie all, Gait A, Silver Cord i, Bryan-j, B  M Walton to D Doig,Feb IU. A!,        ���    ,  Feu 20���Mollie Hughes, Kinkora, Idea, Real  Tdea, No 2. Pinto No 2, Tyron. Eluatban, Mary  E Bragdoii, Thos Avison, Harry Sherran, and  Herman Clever to Wm H Sandiford, :;<.'-day  option to purchase at .-������io.oou. Feb 2t;.  Wellington, Chambers, Eureka, Jay Gould, 1/0  in each. J H Guay   to   F A Devereux,  Sept 0,  Rosedale, Flower, May, Tuly, Violet. J in each,  J H Guay to F A Devereux, Sept 0, *250.  Feb as���Chambers, Eureka, Jay Gould, Wellington, A in each, Chas Chambers to Louise v\  Texas Boy Fraction \, J N Nunn to W S Clark,  Jan 20. **500. ���.    ���       .  Louvher, James T Brockman to. Wm Hunter,  Feb 25. ���     ���          SX-OCAN   CITY    DIVISION.  owner.  When sent on an errand,  would you  stop to p!av marbles or wallop another  ibov?  i    No, sir, for ma savs that playing- mar-  I hies leads  to   gambling and that our  little lists were never made to punch  each other's eves out.  "Little box", you are too fearfully and  agonizingly' good for the legal profession. You should step right back into  the middle of the Sunday school library  book, where vou evidently came from.  We will endeavor to wrestle with the  stormy road before us without your  pious'help.    You may retire.  You don't want ine "r1  No.  Sure 1 wouldn't suit you ���*  Vct*V- ,      ,,  Well, I'll go home and give the old  woman fits."   She stuck to it like bricks  and made me learn all this guff.   1 knew  vou didn't' want a  measly  little   miff  around the office, but she would have  her own wav.   Sorrv. boss; goodby.  Hold on." So you're a real live boy,  after all ?  I reckon.  We'll chance vou. Come to-morrow  at 9. Four dollars a week. Now go.  I'm busv.  That boy made a good lawyer.  AI/IKN   MINERS.  TRANSFERS.  Feb 21���Bulko J, Fletcher S Andrews to Robt  A Bradshaw ''    _ *  Two Friends }. Richard Marjiole to Two Friends  mine Ltd Lia.  Feb 23���Two Friends i, Geo Kydd to Archibald York aud J W Clark.  Feb 24���Johannah 1, Susan S Gibson to Edward Quillan. ,  Same, Edward Quillan to Mrs. Clark Werely.  AINSWORTH   DIVISION.  LOCATIONS.  Feb 24���Dawn Fraction, J W Smith and F L  Fitch.  ASSESSMENTS.  Feb 22���Hercules No 5, Copper Queen, Hercules No 2, Clarence Marsh.  CERTIFICATE   OF   IMPROVEMENTS.  Feb 24���Jennie, Keystone.  TRANSFERS.  Feb 21* Rossland, option to purchase, s5()0  down, Laura, Geneva Riverview, May, Porcupine, Bokoshe, Stanley}, Lost Mountain J,  Mo water, Pasadena, White Bear J, Blackbird,  W James White to James D Sword.  Certificate of satisfaction of Gold Commissioner  to work on Vancouver, Meteor and Key West  Fraction. ���  Gold Dollar, Silver Dollar, F Soucey to Geo  Soucey.  Feb 22���Boodler, Silent Friend 1/1G, J H Gray  F A Devereux, $174.  Feb 24--Last Chance, John McPhee to Duncan  Panama 3/1G, Thos Devlin to Mrs Mart McKay.  ^ainiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiHiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiininiiii^  I NEWS IN PLACE j  %iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiii^  Henry Stege will go to Glenora in a  few days with, a large stock of liquors.  AH. Douglas is yisiting his family in  Winnipeg.  Half of the Diamond J, near Three  Forks, has been bonded to Thos. M.  Charles for ��6,000.  Clarence Teasdale, looking as handsome as a southern colonel, was in New  Denver this week.  Col. Wharton and his brother George  are visiting in Atlanta, Ga.  An election of the Fire Wardens for  New Denver will be held in the Government building Monday, March 7, at 10  o'clock a.m.  Services will be held in the Methodist  church next Sunday, as follows : Morning at 11 and evening 7:15. Preacher  ll. N. Powell.  Pat Burns -will go north in a few clays  to look after his interests in connection  with the. meat supply for the railroad  camps at Teslin lake.  John Goetsche returned to New Denver last Friday after spending several  weeks in Chicago and eastern cities. He  reports the Klondike craze is much more  deeply seated in the east than farther  west,'and that every train is bringing its  hundreds of crazy gold hunters.  ItKD'lSTKIIiUTIOX    IN    KOOTHJXAV.  The most recently compiled directory  of the. province of British Columbia  shows a white population of 117,;->50 of  which Ts.r.ou arc, credited to the mainland and BR.r.lK.) to Vancouver Island.  This is an. increase of 100 per cent, in  four ye.ir.s. Vancouver Island with  one-fourth of the total population of the  province has 1.-1 out of the 33 mem Iters  of the Legislature.  In an article commenting on the a hove  figures the Holland "Miner suggests  that. West Kootenay be. divided as follows :  1. The Trail Creek electoral district  to 'consist of the, towns of liossland and  Trail and what is known as the Trail  mining division.  2. Nelson electoral district, to include  what is now known as the Nelson and  Gout river mining divisions.  :;. Kaslo electoral district, to include  the city of Kaslo. towns of Ainsworth  and Pilot Bay and what is known us  the Ainsworth mining division.  ���1. The Slocan electoral district to include what is known as the Slocan mining division.  5. The Revelstoke electoral district to  include what is known as the llevel-  stoke, Illecillewait and Trout Lake  electoral divisions.  Tin; above division would give West  Kootenav live members  instead of two  as at present.  ON    THE   WRONG    TRACK.  Vcs, we need a good lad. and 1 think  you will suit. Whom do you live with ?  said the lawyer to a young applicant.  With inv dear ma.  What does she do?  Prays and takes in washing.  What do you do with your wag-es?  Give it all to dear ma for the missionary cause.  What do vou do evenings?  Read hymns and verses to dear ma.  And on Sundays?  Attend Sundav school.  Editor Ledge���  "All the Canadian government are  asleep." Why are all nations allowed  to take up mining- claims in Canada  and work them, and there are three of  other nations to one British who are taking awav the wealth of Canada and  getting rich, and what do we receive  for .'this?���all kinds of insults. They  take our valuables away and charge us  $6 per dav for an officer to look after  our own goods, which is equal to a duty  on them, and they want to get these  from their own country and put all the  obstacles thev possibly can in our way.  There should" be a law passed at once  to keep all people out who have an alien  law and those that are here turned out  without delay. It is about time the  Canadian government woke up from  their slumber and looked after our interests.  When the road by Stikine is completed the others should be closed; this  would prevent a lot of trouble and an-  novance. Now 1 read a large number  of Japanese are going to Dawson ; this  would do Canada a serious injury, as  they are equal, or worse than Chinese.  They live on about 15 cents a day, and  we receive duty on this amount, whilst  the parties who employ them reap the  benefit of their cheap labor and send it  to a foreign country. There are any  quantity "f our own countrymen to do  the work and keep the money here.  John Chinaman is allowed to take up  claims and work in British Columbia  and lives at the same rate as the Japs,  and has sent large sums to China which  he has got out of the mines and is still  doing it. This we should keep to build  up this Dominion.  I do not see how the citizens of Canada can tolerate the way in which the  government at Ottawa manages.   F.K.  CIVILIZATION    IN   AFRICA.  A large strong man, dressed in a  uniform and armed to the teeth knocked at the door of a hut on the west  coast of Africa.  "Who are you and what do you  want?" asked a voice from the inside.  "In the name of civilization open your  door or I'll break it down for you and  fill you full of lead."  "But what do you want here?"  "My name is 'Christian Civilization.  Don't talk like a fool, you black brute ;  what do you suppose I want here but to  civilize vou and make a reasonable human being out of vou if it is possible-"  "In the first place you must dress  yourself like a white" man. It is a  shame and a disgrace the way you go  about. From now on you must wear  underclothing, a pair of pants, vest,  coat, plug hat, and a pair of yellow  gloves. I will furnish them to you at  reasonable rates."  "What shall 1 do with them?"  "Wear them of course. You didn't  expect to eat them did you? The first  step in civilization is in wearing proper  clothes."  "But it is too hot here to 'wear such  garments. I'm not used to them. I'll  perish from the heat. Do you want to  murder me."  "Not particularly.    But if you die you  will  have   the   satifaction of being   a  martvv to civilization."  "How kind ."  "Don't mention it. What do you do  for a living?'*  "When'l am hungry I eat a banana.  I eat. drink or sleep, just us 1 feel like  it."  "What: horrible barbarity. You must  settle down to some oecuption, my  friend. If you don't it will be my duty  to lock you'll!) as a vagrant "  -'If I've gut to follow some oecuption.  I think I'll start a coffee house. I've  got. a considerable amount of coffee and  suu'.-ir stored here and there."  "Oh,  you   have,   have  you?    Why.  you are not, such  a ' hopeless  case as  1  thought you were.     In   the  first   [dace  vou want' to pav mo the sum of Rot). '  "What for?"'  ������As an occupation tax,  you ignorant  heathen.    Do you expect to get all the  blessings of civilization for nothing?'"  "But I have no money."  !     "That makes no difference.    I'll take  j it out in coffee and sugar.    If you don't.  I pay up like a Christian men, I'll put you  : in jail for the rest of vour life."  "What is jail?"  "Jail   is  a   progressive  word.    Vou  must be prepared to  make some sacri-  ! (ices for civilization, you know."  |     "What a great and  glorious  thing is  i civilization ?"  i "You cannot possibly realize the  | benefits of it, but you will before T get  ! through with you. iny fine fellow." .  ] The unfortunate native took to the  woods, and has not been seen since.���  I Waverlev Magazine.  section of country but little known, and  is separated from the remainder of the  district by a high range of mountains.  The natural outlet of the valley is down  the Flathead river into Montana, but,  with the completion of the Crow's Nest  Pass railway, there is every probability  that Canadian capital will shortly be invested in marketing this oil. According  to a recent issue of the Fort Steele Prospector, these fields cover a large area of  territory, plentiful indications of the existence of petroleum being found on the  eastern slope of the Rockies, in Alberta.  Samples of oil from the Flathead valley have been tested by the Dominion  government and found to be purer and  of higher grade than any petroleum  hitherto discovered on the American  continent.     _^         ..  VIRTUE   TTS   OWN   REWARD.  The other day, says the Penny Press,  a Santa Cruz��� teacher, who is quite  proud of her class of bright youngsters,  arranged a treat for the children. Each  child was told to prepare a short essay.  The subjects were to be c hosen and the  essays written without tiie aid or knowledge of any grown person. The parents were pVesent when the day came.  It is drawing it mild to say they were  delighted when a little girl of eight  years read the following essay on the  subject:  VIRTUE  IS ITS OWN  IU5WAKD.  "Once there was a poor young man  who was in love Avith a rich girl whose  mother had a large candy store. The  poor young man wanted to marry the  can civ lady's daughter very badly and  she wanted to marry him, but he was  too poor to buy furniture. One day a  bad man came"tohim and offered him 25  dollars to become a drunkard The  pooi young man -was dreadfully tempted because he wanted to be rich enough  to marry the candy lady's beautiful  daughter. But when he" got to the  saloon door with the bad man he said :  'I Avill not break my pledge, even to be  rich. Get thee behind me, Satan !' So  he went home. On his way home he  found a pocketbook with one million  dollars in gold in it. So he went to the  candy store lady's daughter and they  were married. 'They had a lovely wedding and the next week they had twins.  Thus we see that virtue is its own  reward."  "A wild-goose chase" was a sort of  racing, resembling the flying of wild  geese, in which, after one horse had  gotten the lead, the other was obliged  to follow after. As the second horse  generally exhausted himself in vain  efforts to overtake the first, this modeof  racing was finally discontinued.  A Word to  the Wise.  PIMPLES are a sure sifrn that the  blood is in an impoverished and  unhealthy condition and are, as it  were, a danger signal showing trouble  ahead.  When PIMPLES appear it is high  time to start on a thorough renovation of the system, otherwise worse  may be expected.  When the loeomotive engineer sees  the red light in front of him he immediately shuts off steam; so you,  when PIMPLES begin to appear,  should immediately eall a halt and  remedy matters.  As a pimple eradicator and a general blood purifier there is no medicine  known as efficacious as FAX'S  SARSAPARILLA. It is never  known to fail. Try it and you will  not be "Seein' things at night."  C. F. 'NELSON, Druggist.  Ajrent for Canada. New Denver.  Goods called  for & Delivered  We are now in a  position to give  thoroughly sat-  isfactory service  and solicit vour  patronage. We  make a specialty  of the finer lines  of Cambpics and  Linens, etc. All  business cash on  delivery.  _  Work Done on Short Notice.  C.  M. NKSBITT.  Prop.  /"''" I * ales   furnished   Hotels.    Sloan.-  Companies, etc. on application.  -]l Dornda Ave.  Don  KOOTKNAY    PETROLEUM.  One of the many resources of British  Columbia which will be extensively  developed in the near future and which  promises to be a great industry, is the  petroleum fields of the Flathead valley  in Southeastern Kootenay.    This is a  1FY0U ARE ENERGETIC & STRONG  If vou are itbove foolish piejudiee against canvassing for a:good book, wrileand get my proposition.    The information "'ill eost nothing.  1  have  put  hundreds of men   in  the way of  making money: some of whom are now rich.  I caii do goo'd things for you. if yon are honorable nnd will work bard.  T. S. LINSCOTT, Toronto.  NOTICE,  AJOT1.CK is hereby jnvcii that ..'i days from date  1\ we will apply lo the Stipendiary Magistrate  of West Kootenay for a license to sell liquor at  retail at our hotel in Cariboo City, West Kootu-  nay.B. C. CLEMENS & McDOtJOA r,l>.  Cariboo City. B. C. Feb. .".th. 18..8.  FRED J. SQUIRE  Nelson, B. C.  Merchant Tailor.  Full Line  of Suitings and  Trouserings aWavs on hand.  Increase Your Business and Make Money  Full Prices.   Correct Selection  HANDLING  Ropes and Tags Furnished Free  THE BEAR  IMMEDIATE REMITTANCES.  HIdes,Pelts9Wool,  TALLOW, GINSENG, SENEGA.  Write for Circular giving Latest Market Prices  jas. McMillan & co.,  NO COMMISSION CHARGED  200-212 FIRST AVE. NORTH  inc. Minneapolis, Minn.  That they will send no  more lo the T. Eaton Co  for Dry Goods and  Furnishings; as the*  goods cost much more  when landed in New  Denver; besides, they  are often old and shelf-  worn aud they seldom  get what they order.  But���  Different Here  Our goods are new and  of the best quality; the  patterns are of the latest  designs, and, above all,  Our Prices are Right.  N. B���We are offering a fine line of Ladies'  Jackets. Boys' and Men's Overcoats and Pea-  Jackets, below anything ever betore offered in  the slocan. Call and examine onr goods and  satis* y yourselves,  McLachlan & McKay,  New Denver.  Has an  Immense  Stock of . ��� * ��� ��� ��� ..���  RE*DY-SVSADE  No necessity for  freezing to death  if yon have a few  dollars to invest in  this kind of stock.  Call in.  The pricei  will a  you.  Wholesale and Retail  NKW DEN V hill aud SI 1 A'I-.RTON.  Fresh and Salt Meats  ���y, Eggs, Etc  ���lol'S A'  ALT.   IMl'OKTANT  KOOTENAY.  L'OINTS  ASSESSMENT     ACT     AND  UEVEX.rK   TAX  Nelson   Division   ��� >.'   W<-  District.  I'ROYINCIAI  ACT.  it   Kootenav  ant.  i.n   pi'i-soiia! pro;  VO'I'K'E IS liEKKHY til VEX in aceordam..  .\ with tin* Statute.-', that Provincial UY-Vciuu-  Tax. and all taxes levied under the As.-e--.inen!  Act. are now due lor the year l*-*'.'*. All the  above named raxes collectible within the Division of Nelson. West Kootenay Di-lncl.  Assessment t.-.xc-, arc  collectible at the follow-  in ;r ra S e-. vi/.:  1!' paid 'in or before .June .snili. is:is  Tiirce-iifihs of cim* per cent, oil rca 1 property.  Two and one-hall' per cent, on assc-s-d value  of wild land.  Onc-li.ill'of one  n  city.  On so much of the  income of any per on as  exceeds one thousand  dollars the following  rates, mtur-ly:     l')ion   such   excess of in-  conic when the same   is  not more than ten  thousand dollars..mic per cent : when such  excess ir; over ten thousand dollars and lass  than twenty thousand dollars, one and onc-  quarter of one per cent.:   when such excess  is over twenty thousand  dollars, one and  one-half per cent.  If paid after 1st July. lS!i�����  Four-fifths of one per cent,  on   real properly.  Three per c'-nt. on the assessed  value of wild  land.  Three-foiirrhs of one per cent, on personal prop-  ertv.  On so much of the income of any person as  exceeds one thousand dollars, the following  rates, namelv:    I'lion such excess when the  ���������unie is not more, than ten thousand dollars,  oiieaud one-i|uart:erof one percent.:   when  such excess is over ten thousand dollars and  lessthan twentv thousand dollars, one and  one-half of oiie'|ier cent.:   when such excess  is over twenty thousand dollars, one and  tliree-ijiiartcrs of one per cent.  Provincial Revenue Tax, ��*���*.<���<��� per capita  JOHN    KEEN.  Assessor and Collector.  Kaslo, Feb..ath.lsti.S.  -a Sell   ''Klondike   Gold   __��w   -  ���3 Fields"   like   a whirlwind.     Prospectus an cents, worth il.     Big pay.  Capital unnecessary.  Bradi.tcy-Garhktson Comi'anv, Limited,  Toronto.  Port of Nakusp.  THOS. ABRIEL  CUSTOflS BROKER,  Real Estate, Mines & Insurance. Nakusp, B. C.  J. R.<�� D. Ga m 6 r 0 n  .Formerly of Winnipeg.  Furnish Clothing*  ���: in the: ���  ��� ��� ��� '   -   Latest Style  ���: of the :������  Tailors    flr-fc.     ||||  SANDON, li  ff^fwwffffffffffffffffffffffffff  WHOLE SALE GROCERS  Agents for B. C. Sugar Refinery and Royal  City Planing Mills.1  Dealers in  Hardware,   Tin   and   Graniteware  Miners'Supplies, Paints, Oils, Glass and Putty, Doors & Windows.  SLOGAN CITY, B.C  OtlVivd to the  public  arc to he found in the  if Now llc.nvor  Warm,   quiet   and   h.-.rd-linishcd   throughout.  Hoard by the day.  week  or   month.  No liar in connection.  Sixth St., New Denver.  N. <J.  DINOMAN.  AMOS THOMPSON, W.   D.  MITCHELL  ���Manager. Secretary.  r. b. Thompson, Notary Public.  NEW DENVER,  B.C.  Mines and Mining* Properties for  sale.    Abstracts,    &c.  Correspondence solicited.  Agents for Phoenix Insurance Co.  of London, Eng.  OS  NEW DENVER, B.C.  An oflice of the Slocan Hospital has  been opened at Sandon under the  medical superintendence of DR.  P. H* POWERS. Subscribers on presentation of their orders or tickets at  the Sandon ollice will receive medical  or surgical treatment and the necessary medicines tree of charge.  All serious cases will be tidmitted  to the Hospital for treatment.  Miners in regular employ, subscribing through their payroll, can  secure all the privileges of theabove.  Vov further information apply to���  J. E Bkouse, M.D.,  New Denycr, B.C.  ASLO HOTEL  Family & Commercial.  arge  And  Comfortable  Rooms  Fitted with every modern  convenience. Special protection against lire. Rates $2.50  and ��3 per day.  COCKLE & PAPWORTH,  Proprietors.  m  ���^  .ate.  Nakusp,  Is n comfortable hotel for travellers  to stop at.  Mrs. McDougald/ 

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